Period
to

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 24 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
24 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 8 5 8
Rank change year-on-year -3 +3 +3
Permanent jobs citing SQL 13,449 6,139 1,604
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 18.70% 19.46% 17.35%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.36% 31.61% 26.90%
Number of salaries quoted 8,001 5,223 1,377
10th Percentile £34,723 £32,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £42,500 £38,625 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £71,330 £66,000 £65,012
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,200 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 42,884 19,421 5,963
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 59.63% 61.56% 64.50%
Number of salaries quoted 24,076 16,145 5,227
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,750 £35,000
25th Percentile £46,250 £41,750 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% - -
75th Percentile £82,500 £72,500 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £86,250
UK median annual salary £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +13.64% - +4.76%

SQL
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

SQL trend for jobs with a WFH option

SQL
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing SQL.

SQL salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

SQL
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing SQL over the 6 months to 24 May 2022.

SQL salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 24 May 2022, SQL job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for SQL.

1 4,874 (36.24%) Agile
2 4,032 (29.98%) Azure
3 3,792 (28.20%) Python
4 3,564 (26.50%) C#
5 3,421 (25.44%) Finance
6 3,364 (25.01%) JavaScript
7 3,328 (24.75%) Social Skills
8 3,327 (24.74%) .NET
9 3,245 (24.13%) AWS
10 2,966 (22.05%) SQL Server
11 2,760 (20.52%) Software Engineering
12 2,594 (19.29%) Microsoft
13 2,584 (19.21%) Java
14 2,528 (18.80%) Analytics
15 2,450 (18.22%) DevOps
16 2,377 (17.67%) Business Intelligence
17 2,137 (15.89%) Docker
18 2,092 (15.56%) CI/CD
19 2,087 (15.52%) Analytical Skills
20 2,068 (15.38%) Problem-Solving
21 1,952 (14.51%) Git (software)
22 1,932 (14.37%) React
23 1,797 (13.36%) Kubernetes
24 1,786 (13.28%) Degree
25 1,751 (13.02%) HTML
26 1,656 (12.31%) Full Stack Development
27 1,603 (11.92%) Data Warehouse
28 1,584 (11.78%) Scrum
29 1,575 (11.71%) NoSQL
30 1,565 (11.64%) Power Platform

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 443 (3.29%) Elasticsearch
2 435 (3.23%) Apache Spark
3 423 (3.15%) Apache Airflow
4 313 (2.33%) Apache
5 297 (2.21%) SharePoint
6 289 (2.15%) Confluence
7 287 (2.13%) IIS
8 270 (2.01%) SAS
9 157 (1.17%) CMS
10 146 (1.09%) BizTalk Server
11 102 (0.76%) WordPress
12 81 (0.60%) Tomcat
13 80 (0.59%) Jupyter
14 71 (0.53%) Luigi
15 70 (0.52%) nginx
16 55 (0.41%) Umbraco
17 48 (0.36%) MS Exchange
18 44 (0.33%) Apache Solr
19 39 (0.29%) Sitecore CMS
20 35 (0.26%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 637 (4.74%) Microsoft Excel
2 378 (2.81%) Microsoft Office
3 123 (0.91%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 66 (0.49%) MS Visio
5 64 (0.48%) Spreadsheet
6 52 (0.39%) SPSS
7 32 (0.24%) Chatbot
8 18 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
9 11 (0.082%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 9 (0.067%) AutoCAD
11 7 (0.052%) Maple
11 7 (0.052%) Stata
12 5 (0.037%) Photoshop
13 4 (0.030%) CPLEX
14 3 (0.022%) Campfire
14 3 (0.022%) FileZilla
14 3 (0.022%) LaTeX
15 1 (0.007%) MicroStation
15 1 (0.007%) NUKE
15 1 (0.007%) Snagit
Business Applications
1 157 (1.17%) Dynamics CRM
2 89 (0.66%) NetSuite
3 43 (0.32%) Oracle EBS
4 37 (0.28%) SAP Business ByDesign
5 33 (0.25%) Dynamics NAV
6 28 (0.21%) Shopify
7 26 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
7 26 (0.19%) Unit4 Business World
8 24 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
9 22 (0.16%) SAP Business One
10 20 (0.15%) Oracle Payables
10 20 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
11 15 (0.11%) Oracle Financials
11 15 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
12 14 (0.10%) Oracle ERP
13 12 (0.089%) Magento
13 12 (0.089%) SAP S/4HANA
14 11 (0.082%) Oracle General Ledger
15 10 (0.074%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
16 9 (0.067%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 4,032 (29.98%) Azure
2 3,245 (24.13%) AWS
3 1,565 (11.64%) Power Platform
4 1,374 (10.22%) GCP
5 1,075 (7.99%) SaaS
6 816 (6.07%) Serverless
7 814 (6.05%) GitHub
8 579 (4.31%) Amazon S3
9 363 (2.70%) AWS Lambda
9 363 (2.70%) Azure Data Factory
10 340 (2.53%) Microsoft 365
11 327 (2.43%) Snowflake
12 269 (2.00%) PaaS
13 246 (1.83%) Cloud Computing
14 213 (1.58%) AWS CloudFormation
15 200 (1.49%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 189 (1.41%) Dynamics 365
17 186 (1.38%) Amazon EC2
18 178 (1.32%) Google Analytics
19 170 (1.26%) dbt
Communications & Networking
1 209 (1.55%) HTTP
2 171 (1.27%) Firewall
3 156 (1.16%) DNS
4 149 (1.11%) Internet
5 97 (0.72%) Broadband
6 93 (0.69%) TCP/IP
7 83 (0.62%) SSL
8 73 (0.54%) VPN
9 68 (0.51%) DHCP
10 66 (0.49%) Network Security
11 54 (0.40%) WAN
12 51 (0.38%) LAN
13 49 (0.36%) VLAN
14 38 (0.28%) SAN
15 35 (0.26%) HTTPS
16 31 (0.23%) Intranet
17 29 (0.22%) Skype
18 26 (0.19%) Multicast
19 21 (0.16%) VoIP
20 20 (0.15%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,966 (22.05%) SQL Server
2 1,603 (11.92%) Data Warehouse
3 1,575 (11.71%) NoSQL
4 1,514 (11.26%) PostgreSQL
5 1,480 (11.00%) Power BI
6 1,204 (8.95%) Relational Database
7 1,112 (8.27%) MySQL
8 824 (6.13%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 817 (6.07%) Tableau
10 657 (4.89%) Big Data
11 642 (4.77%) Data Lake
12 563 (4.19%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 544 (4.04%) MongoDB
14 440 (3.27%) Azure SQL Database
15 420 (3.12%) Amazon Redshift
16 396 (2.94%) BigQuery
17 388 (2.88%) Redis
18 345 (2.57%) Hadoop
19 335 (2.49%) RDBMS
20 299 (2.22%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 1,952 (14.51%) Git (software)
2 833 (6.19%) JIRA
3 707 (5.26%) Jenkins
4 361 (2.68%) Visual Studio
5 349 (2.59%) Selenium
6 336 (2.50%) GitLab
7 237 (1.76%) Team Foundation Server
8 234 (1.74%) Cypress.io
9 229 (1.70%) Postman
10 214 (1.59%) JUnit
11 196 (1.46%) Maven
12 181 (1.35%) Cucumber
13 159 (1.18%) TeamCity
14 140 (1.04%) NUnit
15 138 (1.03%) SpecFlow
16 136 (1.01%) CircleCI
17 119 (0.88%) Octopus Deploy
18 105 (0.78%) JMeter
19 104 (0.77%) Bitbucket
20 100 (0.74%) Appium
General
1 3,421 (25.44%) Finance
2 3,328 (24.75%) Social Skills
3 2,087 (15.52%) Analytical Skills
4 1,008 (7.49%) Marketing
5 837 (6.22%) Retail
6 827 (6.15%) Banking
7 563 (4.19%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 450 (3.35%) Advertising
9 440 (3.27%) Public Sector
10 439 (3.26%) Games
11 308 (2.29%) Law
12 271 (2.02%) Legal
13 262 (1.95%) Presentation Skills
14 219 (1.63%) Publishing
15 216 (1.61%) Organisational Skills
16 210 (1.56%) Local Government
17 209 (1.55%) Manufacturing
18 162 (1.20%) Influencing Skills
19 141 (1.05%) Automotive
20 138 (1.03%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 4,711 (35.03%) Developer
2 1,879 (13.97%) Analyst
3 1,353 (10.06%) Software Engineer
4 1,254 (9.32%) Data Engineer
5 1,117 (8.31%) Senior Developer
6 1,100 (8.18%) .NET Developer
7 864 (6.42%) C# Developer
8 743 (5.52%) Software Developer
9 599 (4.45%) Data Analyst
10 512 (3.81%) Senior Software Engineer
11 486 (3.61%) SQL Developer
12 476 (3.54%) Full Stack Developer
13 437 (3.25%) Applications Support
14 416 (3.09%) Java Developer
15 407 (3.03%) C# .NET Developer
16 360 (2.68%) Consultant
17 331 (2.46%) Business Intelligence Developer
18 316 (2.35%) Support Analyst
19 310 (2.31%) Architect
20 309 (2.30%) Senior Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,327 (24.74%) .NET
2 1,932 (14.37%) React
3 1,751 (13.02%) HTML
4 1,540 (11.45%) CSS
5 1,231 (9.15%) .NET Core
6 1,184 (8.80%) AngularJS
7 1,151 (8.56%) Node.js
8 1,117 (8.31%) REST
9 1,112 (8.27%) ASP.NET
10 852 (6.34%) .NET Framework
11 782 (5.81%) RESTful
12 756 (5.62%) Kafka
13 747 (5.55%) XML
14 744 (5.53%) Spring
15 710 (5.28%) Web Services
16 626 (4.65%) JSON
17 560 (4.16%) Vue.js
18 546 (4.06%) ASP.NET Web API
19 529 (3.93%) Entity Framework
20 522 (3.88%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 605 (4.50%) User Experience
2 594 (4.42%) Self-Motivation
3 575 (4.28%) Algorithms
4 452 (3.36%) Cloud Native
5 442 (3.29%) Mobile App
6 435 (3.23%) Data Structures
7 433 (3.22%) Greenfield Project
8 289 (2.15%) Management Information System
9 247 (1.84%) Virtual Team
10 240 (1.78%) Public Cloud
11 205 (1.52%) Enterprise Software
12 175 (1.30%) NHS
13 140 (1.04%) Fixed Income
14 139 (1.03%) Credit Risk
15 137 (1.02%) Blog
16 135 (1.00%) Data Centre
17 133 (0.99%) Legacy Systems
18 119 (0.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 115 (0.86%) Equities
20 112 (0.83%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 1,484 (11.03%) Linux
2 1,059 (7.87%) Windows
3 454 (3.38%) Unix
4 314 (2.33%) Windows Server
5 285 (2.12%) Android
6 230 (1.71%) Apple iOS
7 88 (0.65%) Ubuntu
8 85 (0.63%) Windows Server 2016
9 62 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
10 61 (0.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 57 (0.42%) Windows 10
12 52 (0.39%) Windows Server 2019
13 31 (0.23%) Mac OS
13 31 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
14 30 (0.22%) AIX
15 26 (0.19%) Solaris
16 24 (0.18%) Debian
17 21 (0.16%) CentOS
18 14 (0.10%) VMS
19 11 (0.082%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,874 (36.24%) Agile
2 2,760 (20.52%) Software Engineering
3 2,528 (18.80%) Analytics
4 2,450 (18.22%) DevOps
5 2,377 (17.67%) Business Intelligence
6 2,092 (15.56%) CI/CD
7 2,068 (15.38%) Problem-Solving
8 1,656 (12.31%) Full Stack Development
9 1,584 (11.78%) Scrum
10 1,558 (11.58%) Test Automation
11 1,549 (11.52%) ETL
12 1,544 (11.48%) Microservices
13 1,371 (10.19%) Data Science
14 1,316 (9.79%) TDD
15 1,299 (9.66%) Fintech
16 1,289 (9.58%) Data Modelling
17 1,242 (9.23%) Computer Science
18 1,161 (8.63%) MVC
19 1,150 (8.55%) Visualisation
20 1,130 (8.40%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 3,792 (28.20%) Python
2 3,564 (26.50%) C#
3 3,364 (25.01%) JavaScript
4 2,584 (19.21%) Java
5 1,556 (11.57%) T-SQL
6 1,255 (9.33%) TypeScript
7 675 (5.02%) R
8 627 (4.66%) PHP
9 593 (4.41%) PowerShell
10 480 (3.57%) Go
11 422 (3.14%) Scala
12 414 (3.08%) PL/SQL
13 398 (2.96%) C++
14 384 (2.86%) Ruby
15 330 (2.45%) Kotlin
16 328 (2.44%) C
17 287 (2.13%) Bash
18 195 (1.45%) Shell Script
19 194 (1.44%) VBA
20 168 (1.25%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 1,786 (13.28%) Degree
2 563 (4.19%) Computer Science Degree
3 276 (2.05%) Security Cleared
4 184 (1.37%) SC Cleared
5 167 (1.24%) Microsoft Certification
6 125 (0.93%) Master's Degree
7 123 (0.91%) DBS Check
8 90 (0.67%) Numerate Degree
9 87 (0.65%) ISTQB
10 77 (0.57%) AWS Certification
11 58 (0.43%) PhD
12 56 (0.42%) ITIL Certification
13 42 (0.31%) MCSE
14 39 (0.29%) BPSS Clearance
14 39 (0.29%) MCSA
15 31 (0.23%) ISEB
16 29 (0.22%) PMI Certification
17 27 (0.20%) DV Cleared
18 25 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
18 25 (0.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,103 (8.20%) QA
2 538 (4.00%) Data Quality
3 232 (1.73%) SLA
4 220 (1.64%) GDPR
5 155 (1.15%) Accessibility
6 73 (0.54%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 68 (0.51%) Actionable Recommendations
8 47 (0.35%) IFRS
9 43 (0.32%) GRC
10 42 (0.31%) HL7
11 36 (0.27%) IFRS 9
12 25 (0.19%) ISO 9001
12 25 (0.19%) PMO
13 18 (0.13%) Cyber Essentials
14 16 (0.12%) SOC 2
15 15 (0.11%) HIPAA
15 15 (0.11%) SEPA
16 11 (0.082%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
16 11 (0.082%) MiFID
17 9 (0.067%) IFRS 17
System Software
1 2,137 (15.89%) Docker
2 310 (2.31%) Active Directory
3 140 (1.04%) VMware Infrastructure
4 71 (0.53%) Hyper-V
5 60 (0.45%) Virtual Machines
6 40 (0.30%) Apache Flume
7 29 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 28 (0.21%) vSphere
9 18 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
10 15 (0.11%) KVM
10 15 (0.11%) Terminal Services
10 15 (0.11%) Xen
11 12 (0.089%) Virtual Servers
12 10 (0.074%) Virtual Desktop
13 8 (0.059%) HDFS
13 8 (0.059%) iptables
13 8 (0.059%) VirtualBox
14 7 (0.052%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 6 (0.045%) Oracle RAC
16 5 (0.037%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 1,797 (13.36%) Kubernetes
2 848 (6.31%) Terraform
3 298 (2.22%) Ansible
4 166 (1.23%) Grafana
5 144 (1.07%) Prometheus
6 94 (0.70%) Docker Swarm
7 92 (0.68%) Opscode Chef
8 71 (0.53%) Puppet
9 65 (0.48%) SCCM
10 61 (0.45%) Single Sign-On
11 46 (0.34%) Rancher
12 41 (0.30%) Microsoft Intune
13 39 (0.29%) Oozie
14 31 (0.23%) Nagios
15 29 (0.22%) Kibana
16 26 (0.19%) HAProxy
17 23 (0.17%) Active Directory Federation Services
18 20 (0.15%) Istio
18 20 (0.15%) logstash
19 19 (0.14%) WSUS
Vendors
1 2,594 (19.29%) Microsoft
2 1,073 (7.98%) Oracle
3 1,008 (7.49%) Google
4 332 (2.47%) Databricks
5 237 (1.76%) Salesforce.com
6 228 (1.70%) SAP
7 224 (1.67%) VMware
8 152 (1.13%) Apple
9 142 (1.06%) Northgate
10 138 (1.03%) NEC
11 102 (0.76%) Alteryx
12 99 (0.74%) Xamarin
13 94 (0.70%) Cisco
14 93 (0.69%) Informatica
15 92 (0.68%) IBM
16 91 (0.68%) Atlassian
17 85 (0.63%) Cognos
18 84 (0.62%) Red Hat
19 78 (0.58%) Splunk
20 73 (0.54%) ServiceNow