Period
to 1 March 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 1 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
1 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 5 10 9
Rank change year-on-year +5 -1 -2
Permanent jobs citing SQL 2,628 1,164 1,139
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 19.27% 15.81% 14.71%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.23% 26.50% 25.36%
Number of salaries quoted 4,663 2,089 2,149
Median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £32,000
90th Percentile £77,500 £95,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £49,000
% change year-on-year +4.00% +2.04% +8.89%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 8,416 4,392 4,491
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 61.72% 59.64% 57.99%
Number of salaries quoted 7,438 3,865 4,105
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
10th Percentile £35,000 £34,750 £33,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £90,000 £83,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%

SQL
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

SQL trend for jobs with a WFH option

SQL
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing SQL.

SQL salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

SQL
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing SQL over the 6 months to 1 March 2021.

SQL salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 1 March 2021, SQL job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for SQL.

1 1,009 (38.39%) Azure
2 881 (33.52%) Agile Software Development
3 869 (33.07%) C#
4 787 (29.95%) JavaScript
5 734 (27.93%) .NET
6 696 (26.48%) DevOps
7 673 (25.61%) SQL Server
8 668 (25.42%) Microsoft
9 541 (20.59%) AWS
10 505 (19.22%) Java
11 471 (17.92%) Software Engineering
12 448 (17.05%) Python
13 425 (16.17%) Finance
14 409 (15.56%) AngularJS
15 404 (15.37%) HTML
16 399 (15.18%) CSS
17 397 (15.11%) Business Intelligence
18 382 (14.54%) Docker
19 381 (14.50%) React
20 379 (14.42%) MVC
21 375 (14.27%) Git (software)
22 360 (13.70%) Windows
23 350 (13.32%) Oracle
24 347 (13.20%) ASP.NET
25 329 (12.52%) .NET Core
26 318 (12.10%) Analytics
27 302 (11.49%) Scrum
28 300 (11.42%) Microservices
29 289 (11.00%) NoSQL
29 289 (11.00%) Continuous Integration

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 134 (5.10%) SharePoint
2 87 (3.31%) Apache Spark
3 52 (1.98%) Elasticsearch
4 51 (1.94%) Confluence
5 50 (1.90%) IIS
6 45 (1.71%) Apache
6 45 (1.71%) SAS
7 42 (1.60%) CMS
8 22 (0.84%) nginx
9 17 (0.65%) Tomcat
10 14 (0.53%) Umbraco
11 13 (0.49%) WordPress
12 12 (0.46%) Sitecore CMS
12 12 (0.46%) WebLogic
13 11 (0.42%) Apache Airflow
14 10 (0.38%) MS Exchange
15 9 (0.34%) WebSphere
16 7 (0.27%) Apache Solr
17 6 (0.23%) JBoss
17 6 (0.23%) OpenEdge
Applications
1 114 (4.34%) Microsoft Excel
2 45 (1.71%) Microsoft Office
3 10 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 10 (0.38%) Spreadsheet
4 7 (0.27%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 7 (0.27%) InVision
4 7 (0.27%) Sketch
5 4 (0.15%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.076%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.038%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.038%) PrintSoft PReS
7 1 (0.038%) Quicktime
Business Applications
1 31 (1.18%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.49%) Magento
3 9 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
3 9 (0.34%) Dynamics NAV
3 9 (0.34%) Oracle Applications
3 9 (0.34%) Workfront
4 7 (0.27%) NetSuite
5 6 (0.23%) Elite 3E
6 5 (0.19%) Northgate Housing
6 5 (0.19%) Oracle ERP
7 4 (0.15%) iTrent
8 3 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
8 3 (0.11%) Sentinel
9 2 (0.076%) Cerner Millennium
9 2 (0.076%) Maximo
9 2 (0.076%) SAP S/4HANA
10 1 (0.038%) Infor LN
10 1 (0.038%) Payment Gateway
10 1 (0.038%) R3 Corda
10 1 (0.038%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,009 (38.39%) Azure
2 541 (20.59%) AWS
3 286 (10.88%) Power Platform
4 175 (6.66%) GCP
5 132 (5.02%) Microsoft 365
6 119 (4.53%) Serverless
7 113 (4.30%) SaaS
8 100 (3.81%) PaaS
9 74 (2.82%) IaaS
10 63 (2.40%) AWS Lambda
11 62 (2.36%) Azure Data Factory
12 61 (2.32%) Amazon S3
13 59 (2.25%) Azure Active Directory
14 47 (1.79%) Amazon EC2
15 46 (1.75%) Dynamics 365
16 32 (1.22%) GitHub
17 29 (1.10%) AWS CloudFormation
18 26 (0.99%) Azure Functions
19 23 (0.88%) Cloud Computing
20 20 (0.76%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 54 (2.05%) DNS
2 27 (1.03%) DHCP
3 22 (0.84%) Firewall
4 20 (0.76%) HTTP
5 18 (0.68%) SAN
6 16 (0.61%) WAN
7 15 (0.57%) LAN
7 15 (0.57%) TCP/IP
8 14 (0.53%) SSH
8 14 (0.53%) VPN
9 13 (0.49%) Internet
9 13 (0.49%) Network Security
10 11 (0.42%) SSL
11 9 (0.34%) NAS
11 9 (0.34%) OpenVPN
12 8 (0.30%) Broadband
13 6 (0.23%) Remote Desktop
13 6 (0.23%) Skype
13 6 (0.23%) VLAN
14 5 (0.19%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 673 (25.61%) SQL Server
2 289 (11.00%) NoSQL
3 263 (10.01%) Power BI
4 227 (8.64%) Data Warehouse
5 174 (6.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 169 (6.43%) MongoDB
7 167 (6.35%) PostgreSQL
8 160 (6.09%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 156 (5.94%) MySQL
10 149 (5.67%) Azure SQL Database
11 130 (4.95%) Tableau
12 122 (4.64%) Relational Database
13 104 (3.96%) Big Data
14 85 (3.23%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 78 (2.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 75 (2.85%) Hadoop
17 50 (1.90%) Apache Hive
18 47 (1.79%) Data Lake
19 44 (1.67%) Amazon Redshift
19 44 (1.67%) Redis
Development Applications
1 375 (14.27%) Git (software)
2 181 (6.89%) Jenkins
3 118 (4.49%) JIRA
4 108 (4.11%) Visual Studio
5 98 (3.73%) Team Foundation Server
6 69 (2.63%) Selenium
7 61 (2.32%) Maven
8 56 (2.13%) Visual Studio Team System
9 54 (2.05%) JUnit
10 53 (2.02%) Bitbucket
11 47 (1.79%) Cucumber
12 46 (1.75%) Octopus Deploy
13 42 (1.60%) TeamCity
14 39 (1.48%) Subversion
15 38 (1.45%) Gradle
16 30 (1.14%) NUnit
17 26 (0.99%) SpecFlow
18 25 (0.95%) IntelliJ
18 25 (0.95%) Mercurial
19 19 (0.72%) WebDriver
General
1 425 (16.17%) Finance
2 99 (3.77%) Marketing
3 85 (3.23%) Games
4 80 (3.04%) Retail
5 78 (2.97%) Banking
6 54 (2.05%) Public Sector
7 44 (1.67%) Law
8 36 (1.37%) Manufacturing
9 32 (1.22%) Back Office
10 30 (1.14%) Front Office
11 25 (0.95%) Legal
12 24 (0.91%) Telecoms
13 23 (0.88%) Advertising
14 20 (0.76%) Electronics
15 10 (0.38%) Financial Institution
15 10 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
15 10 (0.38%) Spanish Language
16 9 (0.34%) Billing
16 9 (0.34%) Local Government
17 8 (0.30%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 1,306 (49.70%) Developer
2 280 (10.65%) .NET Developer
3 263 (10.01%) C# Developer
4 261 (9.93%) Analyst
5 246 (9.36%) Senior Developer
6 225 (8.56%) Full Stack Developer
7 217 (8.26%) Azure Engineer
8 182 (6.93%) Software Developer
9 170 (6.47%) Software Engineer
10 155 (5.90%) Java Developer
11 153 (5.82%) Platform Engineer
12 136 (5.18%) JavaScript Developer
13 134 (5.10%) C# .NET Developer
14 130 (4.95%) SQL Developer
15 118 (4.49%) Data Engineer
16 104 (3.96%) Consultant
17 93 (3.54%) Python Developer
18 88 (3.35%) Data Analyst
18 88 (3.35%) PHP Developer
19 81 (3.08%) C# Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 734 (27.93%) .NET
2 409 (15.56%) AngularJS
3 404 (15.37%) HTML
4 399 (15.18%) CSS
5 381 (14.50%) React
6 347 (13.20%) ASP.NET
7 329 (12.52%) .NET Core
8 202 (7.69%) REST
9 194 (7.38%) RESTful
10 193 (7.34%) Web Services
11 179 (6.81%) Node.js
12 172 (6.54%) Vue.js
13 169 (6.43%) Spring
14 162 (6.16%) .NET Framework
15 134 (5.10%) jQuery
16 133 (5.06%) Spring Boot
17 127 (4.83%) HTML5
18 115 (4.38%) ASP.NET Web API
19 112 (4.26%) Entity Framework
20 110 (4.19%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 281 (10.69%) Analytical Skills
2 143 (5.44%) Greenfield Project
3 76 (2.89%) Mobile App
4 69 (2.63%) Self-Motivation
5 66 (2.51%) Virtual Team
6 55 (2.09%) Data Structures
7 54 (2.05%) User Experience
8 47 (1.79%) Algorithms
9 41 (1.56%) Public Cloud
10 38 (1.45%) Data Centre
10 38 (1.45%) Enterprise Software
10 38 (1.45%) Hedge funds
11 36 (1.37%) Equities
12 34 (1.29%) Cloud Native
12 34 (1.29%) Hybrid Cloud
13 32 (1.22%) Fixed Income
14 29 (1.10%) NHS
15 28 (1.07%) Derivative
15 28 (1.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 25 (0.95%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 360 (13.70%) Windows
2 222 (8.45%) Linux
3 116 (4.41%) Windows Server
4 64 (2.44%) Unix
5 57 (2.17%) Android
6 47 (1.79%) Apple iOS
7 18 (0.68%) Windows Server 2008
8 17 (0.65%) Windows 10
9 15 (0.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 14 (0.53%) Ubuntu
11 13 (0.49%) Windows Server 2012
12 9 (0.34%) AIX
12 9 (0.34%) Debian
12 9 (0.34%) Windows Server 2019
13 8 (0.30%) Solaris
13 8 (0.30%) Windows Server 2016
14 6 (0.23%) CentOS
15 3 (0.11%) Embedded Linux
16 2 (0.076%) Kali Linux
16 2 (0.076%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 881 (33.52%) Agile Software Development
2 696 (26.48%) DevOps
3 471 (17.92%) Software Engineering
4 397 (15.11%) Business Intelligence
5 379 (14.42%) MVC
6 318 (12.10%) Analytics
7 302 (11.49%) Scrum
8 300 (11.42%) Microservices
9 289 (11.00%) Continuous Integration
10 278 (10.58%) TDD
11 273 (10.39%) Problem-Solving
12 246 (9.36%) ETL
13 238 (9.06%) Migration
14 203 (7.72%) Web Development
15 200 (7.61%) Test Automation
16 199 (7.57%) Infrastructure as Code
17 195 (7.42%) Visualisation
18 182 (6.93%) Fintech
19 176 (6.70%) Data Modelling
20 172 (6.54%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 869 (33.07%) C#
2 787 (29.95%) JavaScript
3 505 (19.22%) Java
4 448 (17.05%) Python
5 287 (10.92%) T-SQL
6 208 (7.91%) TypeScript
7 155 (5.90%) PHP
8 108 (4.11%) R
9 107 (4.07%) PowerShell
10 95 (3.61%) C++
11 78 (2.97%) C
12 68 (2.59%) PL/SQL
13 53 (2.02%) Ruby
13 53 (2.02%) VB.NET
14 45 (1.71%) Java 8
15 44 (1.67%) Go
16 40 (1.52%) ES6
17 35 (1.33%) Bash Shell
17 35 (1.33%) Scala
18 29 (1.10%) VBA
Qualifications
1 249 (9.47%) Degree
2 89 (3.39%) Computer Science Degree
3 77 (2.93%) Security Cleared
4 66 (2.51%) Microsoft Certification
4 66 (2.51%) SC Cleared
5 37 (1.41%) MCSE
6 25 (0.95%) CCNA
6 25 (0.95%) Cisco Certification
7 14 (0.53%) MCSA
7 14 (0.53%) PhD
8 11 (0.42%) ISEB
9 10 (0.38%) ISTQB
10 9 (0.34%) AWS Certification
11 8 (0.30%) Master's Degree
11 8 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
11 8 (0.30%) Oracle Certification
12 7 (0.27%) MCP
13 6 (0.23%) BPSS Clearance
14 4 (0.15%) HND
15 3 (0.11%) A+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 130 (4.95%) QA
2 67 (2.55%) Data Quality
3 37 (1.41%) GDPR
4 33 (1.26%) SLA
5 16 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 8 (0.30%) ISO 9001
7 3 (0.11%) CDISC
7 3 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 3 (0.11%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.11%) PMO
8 2 (0.076%) 21 CFR Part 11
8 2 (0.076%) Good Clinical Practice
8 2 (0.076%) HIPAA
8 2 (0.076%) IEC 62304
8 2 (0.076%) ISO 13485
8 2 (0.076%) NIST
System Software
1 382 (14.54%) Docker
2 144 (5.48%) Active Directory
3 83 (3.16%) VMware Infrastructure
4 61 (2.32%) Hyper-V
5 18 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
6 9 (0.34%) Microsoft Virtual Server
6 9 (0.34%) Virtual Servers
7 8 (0.30%) Firmware
7 8 (0.30%) HDFS
8 7 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
9 6 (0.23%) Oracle RAC
10 5 (0.19%) Postfix
10 5 (0.19%) VMware ESXi
10 5 (0.19%) XenApp
11 4 (0.15%) EMC RecoverPoint
11 4 (0.15%) PowerHA
11 4 (0.15%) XenDesktop
12 3 (0.11%) VMware Server
12 3 (0.11%) Xen
13 2 (0.076%) DFS Replication
Systems Management
1 264 (10.05%) Kubernetes
2 144 (5.48%) Terraform
3 72 (2.74%) Ansible
4 58 (2.21%) SCCM
5 50 (1.90%) Microsoft Intune
6 32 (1.22%) Opscode Chef
6 32 (1.22%) Puppet
7 22 (0.84%) Packer
8 14 (0.53%) Grafana
8 14 (0.53%) WSUS
9 10 (0.38%) Failover Clustering
10 9 (0.34%) Backup Exec
10 9 (0.34%) Docker Swarm
10 9 (0.34%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
10 9 (0.34%) NetBackup
10 9 (0.34%) Prometheus
10 9 (0.34%) SCOM
11 8 (0.30%) Nagios
12 7 (0.27%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
12 7 (0.27%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 668 (25.42%) Microsoft
2 350 (13.32%) Oracle
3 141 (5.37%) EnterpriseDB
4 100 (3.81%) Google
5 99 (3.77%) VMware
6 52 (1.98%) SAP
7 39 (1.48%) Databricks
7 39 (1.48%) Salesforce.com
8 27 (1.03%) Atlassian
8 27 (1.03%) Citrix
9 21 (0.80%) Alteryx
10 20 (0.76%) Adobe
10 20 (0.76%) ServiceNow
11 18 (0.68%) Cisco
11 18 (0.68%) Talend
12 17 (0.65%) EMC
12 17 (0.65%) Red Hat
12 17 (0.65%) Zend
13 16 (0.61%) MuleSoft
13 16 (0.61%) Sitecore