Period
to 11 May 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 11 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
11 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 6 11 12
Rank change year-on-year +5 +1 -5
Permanent jobs citing SQL 3,269 1,020 1,090
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 19.16% 15.98% 13.66%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.89% 25.99% 24.36%
Number of salaries quoted 2,843 886 1,005
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,500
25th Percentile £38,750 £38,750 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £50,000
75th Percentile £65,000 £68,750 £67,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £90,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 10,251 3,924 4,475
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 60.09% 61.47% 56.07%
Number of salaries quoted 8,809 3,434 4,035
10th Percentile £35,000 £35,000 £33,750
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £41,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
75th Percentile £73,750 £74,188 £72,500
90th Percentile £88,750 £87,500 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

SQL
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

SQL trend for jobs with a WFH option

SQL
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing SQL.

SQL salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

SQL
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing SQL over the 6 months to 11 May 2021.

SQL salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 11 May 2021, SQL job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for SQL.

1 1,250 (38.24%) Azure
2 1,222 (37.38%) Agile Software Development
3 1,031 (31.54%) C#
4 1,008 (30.84%) JavaScript
5 920 (28.14%) .NET
6 864 (26.43%) SQL Server
7 819 (25.05%) DevOps
8 817 (24.99%) Microsoft
9 722 (22.09%) AWS
10 604 (18.48%) Java
11 579 (17.71%) Software Engineering
12 558 (17.07%) Python
13 557 (17.04%) Finance
14 539 (16.49%) Business Intelligence
15 529 (16.18%) Social Skills
16 495 (15.14%) AngularJS
17 482 (14.74%) Docker
18 472 (14.44%) HTML
19 453 (13.86%) CSS
20 439 (13.43%) Oracle
21 421 (12.88%) React
22 419 (12.82%) Analytics
22 419 (12.82%) Git (software)
23 413 (12.63%) Microservices
24 408 (12.48%) T-SQL
25 393 (12.02%) Problem-Solving
26 391 (11.96%) Power Platform
27 389 (11.90%) Windows
28 377 (11.53%) Scrum
28 377 (11.53%) ASP.NET

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 142 (4.34%) SharePoint
2 113 (3.46%) Apache Spark
3 73 (2.23%) Apache
3 73 (2.23%) IIS
4 63 (1.93%) CMS
5 50 (1.53%) Elasticsearch
5 50 (1.53%) SAS
6 47 (1.44%) Confluence
7 30 (0.92%) Apache Airflow
7 30 (0.92%) WordPress
8 24 (0.73%) MS Exchange
9 21 (0.64%) Tomcat
10 19 (0.58%) BizTalk Server
11 16 (0.49%) Umbraco
12 15 (0.46%) nginx
12 15 (0.46%) WebLogic
13 13 (0.40%) Sitecore CMS
14 8 (0.24%) EPiServer
14 8 (0.24%) WebSphere
15 7 (0.21%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 155 (4.74%) Microsoft Excel
2 58 (1.77%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (0.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (0.37%) Spreadsheet
5 10 (0.31%) MS Visio
6 4 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 4 (0.12%) InVision
6 4 (0.12%) Sketch
6 4 (0.12%) SOLIDWORKS
7 3 (0.092%) Microsoft Project
8 2 (0.061%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.061%) InfoPath
9 1 (0.031%) Figma
9 1 (0.031%) InDesign
9 1 (0.031%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.031%) PrintSoft PReS
9 1 (0.031%) Quicktime
9 1 (0.031%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 41 (1.25%) Dynamics CRM
2 20 (0.61%) Magento
3 11 (0.34%) Oracle Applications
4 10 (0.31%) NetSuite
5 9 (0.28%) Elite 3E
5 9 (0.28%) Sentinel
6 5 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
6 5 (0.15%) Workfront
7 4 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
7 4 (0.12%) SAP Business One
7 4 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 3 (0.092%) Oracle BPM
9 2 (0.061%) Cerner Millennium
9 2 (0.061%) Dynamics NAV
9 2 (0.061%) SAP FI
9 2 (0.061%) SAP S/4HANA
9 2 (0.061%) SimCorp Dimension
9 2 (0.061%) thinkFolio
10 1 (0.031%) nopCommerce
10 1 (0.031%) Oracle Assets
Cloud Services
1 1,250 (38.24%) Azure
2 722 (22.09%) AWS
3 391 (11.96%) Power Platform
4 256 (7.83%) GCP
5 183 (5.60%) SaaS
6 138 (4.22%) Microsoft 365
7 128 (3.92%) Serverless
8 106 (3.24%) PaaS
9 95 (2.91%) Azure Data Factory
10 81 (2.48%) Amazon S3
11 74 (2.26%) IaaS
12 73 (2.23%) GitHub
13 68 (2.08%) Azure Active Directory
14 58 (1.77%) Dynamics 365
15 57 (1.74%) AWS Lambda
16 50 (1.53%) Azure Synapse Analytics
17 49 (1.50%) Amazon EC2
18 46 (1.41%) Azure Service Bus
19 45 (1.38%) AWS CloudFormation
19 45 (1.38%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 59 (1.80%) DNS
2 37 (1.13%) DHCP
3 25 (0.76%) Firewall
4 24 (0.73%) HTTP
5 20 (0.61%) LAN
6 19 (0.58%) WAN
7 17 (0.52%) SAN
8 16 (0.49%) TCP/IP
9 14 (0.43%) SSL
10 13 (0.40%) Internet
10 13 (0.40%) SSH
11 12 (0.37%) FTP
11 12 (0.37%) Network Security
11 12 (0.37%) VPN
12 8 (0.24%) OpenVPN
13 6 (0.18%) NAS
14 5 (0.15%) VLAN
15 4 (0.12%) SMTP
15 4 (0.12%) VoIP
15 4 (0.12%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 864 (26.43%) SQL Server
2 375 (11.47%) Power BI
3 332 (10.16%) NoSQL
4 328 (10.03%) Data Warehouse
5 241 (7.37%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 237 (7.25%) PostgreSQL
6 237 (7.25%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 221 (6.76%) MySQL
8 179 (5.48%) MongoDB
8 179 (5.48%) Relational Database
9 177 (5.41%) Azure SQL Database
10 167 (5.11%) Tableau
11 157 (4.80%) Big Data
12 128 (3.92%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 96 (2.94%) Hadoop
14 86 (2.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 72 (2.20%) Data Lake
16 61 (1.87%) Redis
17 58 (1.77%) Amazon Redshift
18 57 (1.74%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 419 (12.82%) Git (software)
2 269 (8.23%) Jenkins
3 135 (4.13%) Visual Studio
4 112 (3.43%) JIRA
5 92 (2.81%) Selenium
6 90 (2.75%) Maven
7 83 (2.54%) JUnit
7 83 (2.54%) Team Foundation Server
8 62 (1.90%) Visual Studio Team System
9 60 (1.84%) Cucumber
10 48 (1.47%) TeamCity
11 46 (1.41%) Octopus Deploy
12 42 (1.28%) Bitbucket
13 34 (1.04%) NUnit
14 33 (1.01%) Gradle
15 31 (0.95%) SpecFlow
16 29 (0.89%) IntelliJ
17 27 (0.83%) Subversion
18 26 (0.80%) Cypress.io
19 24 (0.73%) WebDriver
General
1 557 (17.04%) Finance
2 529 (16.18%) Social Skills
3 311 (9.51%) Analytical Skills
4 155 (4.74%) Marketing
5 132 (4.04%) Retail
6 90 (2.75%) Games
7 86 (2.63%) Banking
8 74 (2.26%) Law
9 55 (1.68%) Public Sector
10 50 (1.53%) Presentation Skills
11 46 (1.41%) Manufacturing
12 37 (1.13%) Legal
13 35 (1.07%) Back Office
14 34 (1.04%) Organisational Skills
15 25 (0.76%) Front Office
16 24 (0.73%) Telecoms
17 19 (0.58%) Pharmaceutical
18 18 (0.55%) Documentation Skills
18 18 (0.55%) Electronics
19 16 (0.49%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,675 (51.24%) Developer
2 384 (11.75%) C# Developer
3 350 (10.71%) Analyst
4 334 (10.22%) .NET Developer
5 320 (9.79%) Senior Developer
6 255 (7.80%) Software Developer
7 238 (7.28%) Full Stack Developer
8 216 (6.61%) Azure Engineer
9 206 (6.30%) Java Developer
10 186 (5.69%) C# .NET Developer
11 178 (5.45%) JavaScript Developer
12 174 (5.32%) SQL Developer
13 173 (5.29%) Software Engineer
14 172 (5.26%) Data Engineer
15 127 (3.88%) Platform Engineer
16 111 (3.40%) Consultant
17 108 (3.30%) C# Software Developer
18 107 (3.27%) PHP Developer
19 106 (3.24%) Data Analyst
20 100 (3.06%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 920 (28.14%) .NET
2 495 (15.14%) AngularJS
3 472 (14.44%) HTML
4 453 (13.86%) CSS
5 421 (12.88%) React
6 377 (11.53%) ASP.NET
7 365 (11.17%) .NET Core
8 257 (7.86%) REST
9 248 (7.59%) RESTful
10 237 (7.25%) Web Services
11 234 (7.16%) Spring
12 206 (6.30%) Vue.js
13 193 (5.90%) .NET Framework
14 182 (5.57%) Spring Boot
15 175 (5.35%) Node.js
16 171 (5.23%) jQuery
17 151 (4.62%) Kafka
18 139 (4.25%) ASP.NET MVC
19 137 (4.19%) HTML5
20 128 (3.92%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 174 (5.32%) Greenfield Project
2 98 (3.00%) Self-Motivation
3 96 (2.94%) Mobile App
4 85 (2.60%) User Experience
5 71 (2.17%) Virtual Team
6 62 (1.90%) Enterprise Software
7 58 (1.77%) Algorithms
8 57 (1.74%) Data Structures
9 55 (1.68%) Public Cloud
10 49 (1.50%) Data Centre
11 38 (1.16%) Hedge funds
12 33 (1.01%) Cloud Native
13 32 (0.98%) NHS
14 30 (0.92%) Equities
14 30 (0.92%) Hybrid Cloud
14 30 (0.92%) Management Information System
15 26 (0.80%) Client/Server
15 26 (0.80%) Derivative
15 26 (0.80%) Private Cloud
16 25 (0.76%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 389 (11.90%) Windows
2 330 (10.09%) Linux
3 135 (4.13%) Windows Server
4 75 (2.29%) Unix
5 71 (2.17%) Android
6 64 (1.96%) Apple iOS
7 26 (0.80%) Windows 10
8 24 (0.73%) Ubuntu
9 21 (0.64%) Windows Server 2008
9 21 (0.64%) Windows Server 2016
10 18 (0.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 17 (0.52%) Windows Server 2012
12 14 (0.43%) Windows Server 2019
13 6 (0.18%) AIX
13 6 (0.18%) CentOS
14 5 (0.15%) Windows 7
15 4 (0.12%) Solaris
15 4 (0.12%) zOS
16 3 (0.092%) Alpine Linux
16 3 (0.092%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,222 (37.38%) Agile Software Development
2 819 (25.05%) DevOps
3 579 (17.71%) Software Engineering
4 539 (16.49%) Business Intelligence
5 419 (12.82%) Analytics
6 413 (12.63%) Microservices
7 393 (12.02%) Problem-Solving
8 377 (11.53%) Scrum
9 357 (10.92%) MVC
10 348 (10.65%) ETL
11 285 (8.72%) TDD
12 274 (8.38%) Continuous Integration
13 259 (7.92%) Test Automation
14 249 (7.62%) Computer Science
15 236 (7.22%) Data Modelling
15 236 (7.22%) Migration
16 225 (6.88%) Visualisation
17 224 (6.85%) Data Science
18 211 (6.45%) Fintech
19 209 (6.39%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,031 (31.54%) C#
2 1,008 (30.84%) JavaScript
3 604 (18.48%) Java
4 558 (17.07%) Python
5 408 (12.48%) T-SQL
6 266 (8.14%) TypeScript
7 186 (5.69%) PHP
8 146 (4.47%) PowerShell
9 107 (3.27%) PL/SQL
10 100 (3.06%) R
11 98 (3.00%) C
12 95 (2.91%) C++
13 70 (2.14%) Ruby
13 70 (2.14%) Scala
14 66 (2.02%) Go
15 64 (1.96%) Java 8
16 55 (1.68%) VB.NET
17 54 (1.65%) Bash Shell
18 51 (1.56%) ES6
19 45 (1.38%) VBA
Qualifications
1 357 (10.92%) Degree
2 151 (4.62%) Computer Science Degree
3 107 (3.27%) Security Cleared
4 94 (2.88%) SC Cleared
5 62 (1.90%) Microsoft Certification
6 29 (0.89%) MCSE
7 19 (0.58%) CCNA
7 19 (0.58%) Cisco Certification
7 19 (0.58%) Numerate Degree
8 18 (0.55%) PhD
9 14 (0.43%) ISEB
10 13 (0.40%) AWS Certification
11 11 (0.34%) MCSA
12 10 (0.31%) ISTQB
13 7 (0.21%) CISA
13 7 (0.21%) CISSP
14 6 (0.18%) CISM
14 6 (0.18%) Master's Degree
14 6 (0.18%) MCP
15 5 (0.15%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 187 (5.72%) QA
2 86 (2.63%) Data Quality
3 36 (1.10%) GDPR
4 31 (0.95%) SLA
5 18 (0.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 13 (0.40%) Solvency II
7 12 (0.37%) PCI DSS
8 6 (0.18%) ISO 9001
9 5 (0.15%) CDISC
9 5 (0.15%) NIST
10 4 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.092%) COBIT
11 3 (0.092%) Good Clinical Practice
11 3 (0.092%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 3 (0.092%) PMO
11 3 (0.092%) WCAG
12 2 (0.061%) 21 CFR Part 11
12 2 (0.061%) SOC 2
13 1 (0.031%) ISAE 3402
13 1 (0.031%) SEPA
System Software
1 482 (14.74%) Docker
2 156 (4.77%) Active Directory
3 84 (2.57%) VMware Infrastructure
4 54 (1.65%) Hyper-V
5 26 (0.80%) Virtual Machines
6 13 (0.40%) Virtual Desktop
7 10 (0.31%) HDFS
8 5 (0.15%) Microsoft Virtual Server
8 5 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
8 5 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
8 5 (0.15%) VMware Server
9 4 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
9 4 (0.12%) Postfix
9 4 (0.12%) PowerHA
9 4 (0.12%) VirtualBox
10 3 (0.092%) Firmware
10 3 (0.092%) XenApp
11 2 (0.061%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 2 (0.061%) DFS Replication
11 2 (0.061%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 357 (10.92%) Kubernetes
2 192 (5.87%) Terraform
3 89 (2.72%) Ansible
4 57 (1.74%) SCCM
5 45 (1.38%) Microsoft Intune
6 43 (1.32%) Opscode Chef
7 42 (1.28%) Puppet
8 34 (1.04%) Packer
9 14 (0.43%) Prometheus
10 13 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
11 12 (0.37%) WSUS
12 10 (0.31%) Failover Clustering
12 10 (0.31%) Grafana
13 8 (0.24%) Istio
13 8 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
14 7 (0.21%) HP Fortify
15 6 (0.18%) FlexNet
15 6 (0.18%) Nagios
16 5 (0.15%) Backup Exec
16 5 (0.15%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 817 (24.99%) Microsoft
2 439 (13.43%) Oracle
3 159 (4.86%) Google
4 116 (3.55%) EnterpriseDB
5 106 (3.24%) VMware
6 78 (2.39%) SAP
7 72 (2.20%) Databricks
8 45 (1.38%) Salesforce.com
9 33 (1.01%) Informatica
10 30 (0.92%) Atlassian
11 28 (0.86%) Citrix
12 26 (0.80%) Xamarin
13 24 (0.73%) Talend
14 21 (0.64%) Adobe
14 21 (0.64%) Zend
15 20 (0.61%) Alteryx
15 20 (0.61%) IBM
15 20 (0.61%) Red Hat
16 18 (0.55%) Sitecore
17 17 (0.52%) Qubit