Period
to 25 October 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 25 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 8 5 9
Rank change year-on-year -3 +4 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 5,168 1,243 1,183
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 18.50% 19.36% 15.48%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.44% 30.37% 26.29%
Number of salaries quoted 4,206 1,155 1,102
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £33,625
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £53,500 £50,000 £49,250
Median % change year-on-year +7.00% +1.52% -1.50%
75th Percentile £67,500 £65,000 £67,500
90th Percentile £81,250 £82,500 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 15,929 4,093 4,500
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 57.01% 63.74% 58.88%
Number of salaries quoted 12,694 3,732 4,076
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,000 £33,750
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £77,500 £70,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £83,750 £85,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%

SQL
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

SQL trend for jobs with a WFH option

SQL
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing SQL.

SQL salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

SQL
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing SQL over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

SQL salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, SQL job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for SQL.

1 1,925 (37.25%) Agile Software Development
2 1,843 (35.66%) Azure
3 1,804 (34.91%) C#
4 1,595 (30.86%) .NET
5 1,360 (26.32%) JavaScript
6 1,202 (23.26%) Microsoft
7 1,175 (22.74%) SQL Server
8 1,153 (22.31%) DevOps
9 1,028 (19.89%) AWS
10 1,024 (19.81%) Python
11 998 (19.31%) Social Skills
12 938 (18.15%) Finance
13 934 (18.07%) Business Intelligence
14 900 (17.41%) Java
15 835 (16.16%) Software Engineering
16 816 (15.79%) React
17 734 (14.20%) Full Stack Development
18 726 (14.05%) Microservices
19 721 (13.95%) Git (software)
20 675 (13.06%) MVC
21 652 (12.62%) Analytics
22 636 (12.31%) NoSQL
23 630 (12.19%) Power Platform
24 626 (12.11%) Docker
25 620 (12.00%) HTML
26 616 (11.92%) Scrum
27 615 (11.90%) .NET Core
28 595 (11.51%) Data Warehouse
29 592 (11.46%) Power BI
30 576 (11.15%) Oracle

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 157 (3.04%) CMS
2 141 (2.73%) IIS
3 134 (2.59%) Apache Spark
4 130 (2.52%) Apache
5 118 (2.28%) SharePoint
6 105 (2.03%) Confluence
7 95 (1.84%) SAS
8 94 (1.82%) EPiServer
9 91 (1.76%) Elasticsearch
10 66 (1.28%) Umbraco
11 57 (1.10%) Sitecore CMS
12 54 (1.04%) Kentico
13 52 (1.01%) Headless CMS
14 48 (0.93%) Tomcat
15 47 (0.91%) Apache Airflow
16 42 (0.81%) Oracle Workflow
17 38 (0.74%) BizTalk Server
18 27 (0.52%) nginx
19 23 (0.45%) WordPress
20 22 (0.43%) JBoss
Applications
1 283 (5.48%) Microsoft Excel
2 117 (2.26%) Microsoft Office
3 65 (1.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 18 (0.35%) Spreadsheet
5 11 (0.21%) MS Visio
6 10 (0.19%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 9 (0.17%) Chatbot
7 9 (0.17%) SOLIDWORKS
8 8 (0.15%) Photoshop
9 7 (0.14%) InDesign
10 6 (0.12%) SPSS
11 3 (0.058%) InVision
11 3 (0.058%) Microsoft Project
11 3 (0.058%) Oracle Smart View
11 3 (0.058%) Sketch
11 3 (0.058%) Weka
12 2 (0.039%) Figma
12 2 (0.039%) Zeplin
13 1 (0.019%) Adobe XD
13 1 (0.019%) MadCap Flare
Business Applications
1 90 (1.74%) Dynamics CRM
2 59 (1.14%) NetSuite
3 28 (0.54%) Adobe Campaign
4 27 (0.52%) SAP Business ByDesign
5 26 (0.50%) Dynamics AX
6 17 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
7 16 (0.31%) Oracle EBS
8 13 (0.25%) Shopify
9 11 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
10 9 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
10 9 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
11 8 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
11 8 (0.15%) Social Studio
12 6 (0.12%) Magento
12 6 (0.12%) SAP CO
12 6 (0.12%) SAP FI
12 6 (0.12%) SAP FI/CO
13 5 (0.097%) Oracle EBS R12
13 5 (0.097%) SAP Business One
13 5 (0.097%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 1,843 (35.66%) Azure
2 1,028 (19.89%) AWS
3 630 (12.19%) Power Platform
4 389 (7.53%) GCP
5 319 (6.17%) SaaS
6 302 (5.84%) Serverless
7 184 (3.56%) Azure Data Factory
8 164 (3.17%) GitHub
9 132 (2.55%) Microsoft 365
10 129 (2.50%) PaaS
11 125 (2.42%) Azure Service Bus
12 124 (2.40%) Amazon S3
13 117 (2.26%) AWS Lambda
14 115 (2.23%) Azure Functions
15 108 (2.09%) Dynamics 365
16 92 (1.78%) Snowflake
17 82 (1.59%) IaaS
17 82 (1.59%) PowerApps
18 79 (1.53%) Azure Cosmos DB
19 70 (1.35%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 48 (0.93%) Firewall
2 45 (0.87%) DNS
3 36 (0.70%) SMS
4 33 (0.64%) SAN
5 29 (0.56%) VPN
6 23 (0.45%) HTTP
7 21 (0.41%) Internet
7 21 (0.41%) Intranet
8 20 (0.39%) DHCP
9 17 (0.33%) SSL
9 17 (0.33%) TCP/IP
9 17 (0.33%) WAN
10 16 (0.31%) LAN
11 15 (0.29%) VLAN
12 14 (0.27%) FTP
13 10 (0.19%) VoIP
14 9 (0.17%) Network Security
15 8 (0.15%) HTTPS
15 8 (0.15%) Wireshark
16 7 (0.14%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,175 (22.74%) SQL Server
2 636 (12.31%) NoSQL
3 595 (11.51%) Data Warehouse
4 592 (11.46%) Power BI
5 364 (7.04%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 337 (6.52%) Relational Database
7 305 (5.90%) PostgreSQL
7 305 (5.90%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 289 (5.59%) MySQL
9 274 (5.30%) Tableau
10 260 (5.03%) Big Data
11 226 (4.37%) Data Lake
12 219 (4.24%) Azure SQL Database
13 192 (3.72%) MongoDB
14 160 (3.10%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 129 (2.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 129 (2.50%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
16 113 (2.19%) Redis
17 111 (2.15%) Hadoop
18 103 (1.99%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 721 (13.95%) Git (software)
2 284 (5.50%) Jenkins
3 236 (4.57%) Visual Studio
4 228 (4.41%) JIRA
5 138 (2.67%) Team Foundation Server
6 124 (2.40%) Octopus Deploy
7 117 (2.26%) TeamCity
8 111 (2.15%) Maven
9 109 (2.11%) Selenium
10 108 (2.09%) JUnit
11 63 (1.22%) Cypress.io
12 62 (1.20%) Postman
13 54 (1.04%) ReSharper
14 53 (1.03%) NUnit
15 46 (0.89%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
16 44 (0.85%) Bitbucket
16 44 (0.85%) Cucumber
16 44 (0.85%) GitLab
16 44 (0.85%) Visual Studio Team System
17 41 (0.79%) Oracle Forms
General
1 998 (19.31%) Social Skills
2 938 (18.15%) Finance
3 502 (9.71%) Analytical Skills
4 279 (5.40%) Marketing
5 235 (4.55%) Retail
6 169 (3.27%) Banking
7 109 (2.11%) Law
8 101 (1.95%) Publishing
9 100 (1.93%) Public Sector
10 86 (1.66%) Games
11 84 (1.63%) Manufacturing
12 81 (1.57%) Legal
13 79 (1.53%) Front Office
14 76 (1.47%) Inclusion and Diversity
15 56 (1.08%) Pharmaceutical
16 54 (1.04%) Advertising
17 50 (0.97%) Presentation Skills
18 43 (0.83%) Back Office
19 41 (0.79%) Organisational Skills
20 35 (0.68%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 2,443 (47.27%) Developer
2 542 (10.49%) Analyst
3 541 (10.47%) C# Developer
4 500 (9.67%) .NET Developer
5 469 (9.08%) Senior Developer
6 454 (8.78%) Software Developer
7 321 (6.21%) Software Engineer
8 300 (5.80%) Full Stack Developer
9 296 (5.73%) SQL Developer
10 293 (5.67%) Data Engineer
11 282 (5.46%) Java Developer
12 231 (4.47%) Architect
13 202 (3.91%) Azure Engineer
13 202 (3.91%) C# .NET Developer
14 190 (3.68%) C# Software Developer
15 181 (3.50%) Data Analyst
16 171 (3.31%) React Developer
17 165 (3.19%) Consultant
18 158 (3.06%) PHP Developer
19 140 (2.71%) Business Intelligence Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,595 (30.86%) .NET
2 816 (15.79%) React
3 620 (12.00%) HTML
4 615 (11.90%) .NET Core
5 535 (10.35%) AngularJS
6 510 (9.87%) ASP.NET
7 498 (9.64%) CSS
8 488 (9.44%) Web Services
9 366 (7.08%) REST
10 321 (6.21%) RESTful
11 301 (5.82%) Spring
12 291 (5.63%) XML
13 281 (5.44%) .NET Framework
14 280 (5.42%) Node.js
15 249 (4.82%) ASP.NET Web API
16 226 (4.37%) Vue.js
17 224 (4.33%) JSON
18 212 (4.10%) jQuery
19 181 (3.50%) Kafka
20 174 (3.37%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 324 (6.27%) Greenfield Project
2 179 (3.46%) User Experience
3 168 (3.25%) Self-Motivation
4 136 (2.63%) Algorithms
5 117 (2.26%) Mobile App
6 107 (2.07%) Enterprise Software
7 86 (1.66%) Data Structures
7 86 (1.66%) Public Cloud
8 80 (1.55%) Virtual Team
9 76 (1.47%) Legacy Systems
10 73 (1.41%) Driving Licence
11 72 (1.39%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 72 (1.39%) Hedge funds
12 70 (1.35%) Equities
13 68 (1.32%) Fixed Income
13 68 (1.32%) Management Information System
14 67 (1.30%) Derivative
15 51 (0.99%) Life Science
16 49 (0.95%) Cloud Native
17 42 (0.81%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 512 (9.91%) Windows
2 437 (8.46%) Linux
3 190 (3.68%) Windows Server
4 109 (2.11%) Unix
5 63 (1.22%) Android
6 61 (1.18%) Apple iOS
7 30 (0.58%) Windows 10
8 24 (0.46%) Windows Server 2016
9 23 (0.45%) Windows Server 2012
10 16 (0.31%) Windows 7
11 14 (0.27%) Windows Server 2019
12 13 (0.25%) Ubuntu
13 9 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
14 8 (0.15%) CentOS
14 8 (0.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 6 (0.12%) VMS
15 6 (0.12%) Windows 8
16 5 (0.097%) AIX
17 4 (0.077%) Mac OS X
18 2 (0.039%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,925 (37.25%) Agile Software Development
2 1,153 (22.31%) DevOps
3 934 (18.07%) Business Intelligence
4 835 (16.16%) Software Engineering
5 734 (14.20%) Full Stack Development
6 726 (14.05%) Microservices
7 675 (13.06%) MVC
8 652 (12.62%) Analytics
9 616 (11.92%) Scrum
10 519 (10.04%) ETL
11 488 (9.44%) TDD
12 475 (9.19%) Problem-Solving
13 437 (8.46%) Data Modelling
14 423 (8.18%) Test Automation
15 403 (7.80%) Mentoring
16 376 (7.28%) Computer Science
17 360 (6.97%) Visualisation
18 357 (6.91%) Migration
19 322 (6.23%) Fintech
20 319 (6.17%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 1,804 (34.91%) C#
2 1,360 (26.32%) JavaScript
3 1,024 (19.81%) Python
4 900 (17.41%) Java
5 531 (10.27%) T-SQL
6 366 (7.08%) TypeScript
7 334 (6.46%) PowerShell
8 318 (6.15%) PHP
9 227 (4.39%) R
10 198 (3.83%) PL/SQL
11 187 (3.62%) Scala
12 125 (2.42%) VB
13 114 (2.21%) Bash Shell
14 110 (2.13%) C++
15 106 (2.05%) Go
16 105 (2.03%) C
17 83 (1.61%) Java 8
18 81 (1.57%) Kotlin
19 74 (1.43%) VB.NET
20 71 (1.37%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
Qualifications
1 529 (10.24%) Degree
2 203 (3.93%) Computer Science Degree
3 110 (2.13%) Security Cleared
4 89 (1.72%) SC Cleared
5 46 (0.89%) Microsoft Certification
6 45 (0.87%) Numerate Degree
7 31 (0.60%) ISTQB
8 27 (0.52%) PhD
9 21 (0.41%) MCSE
10 20 (0.39%) ISEB
11 19 (0.37%) Cisco Certification
12 18 (0.35%) CCNA
13 14 (0.27%) HND
14 13 (0.25%) AWS Certification
14 13 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
15 9 (0.17%) Analytics IQ
15 9 (0.17%) Oracle Certification
15 9 (0.17%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
16 8 (0.15%) HNC
16 8 (0.15%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 315 (6.10%) QA
2 176 (3.41%) Data Quality
3 87 (1.68%) GDPR
4 69 (1.34%) Accessibility
5 39 (0.75%) SLA
6 23 (0.45%) GRC
7 13 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 13 (0.25%) PCI DSS
8 11 (0.21%) CDISC
9 10 (0.19%) PMO
10 8 (0.15%) Actionable Recommendations
11 7 (0.14%) Good Clinical Practice
12 6 (0.12%) HL7
13 5 (0.097%) IFRS
14 4 (0.077%) NCSC
14 4 (0.077%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 4 (0.077%) SEPA
15 3 (0.058%) EMIR
15 3 (0.058%) ISO 15022
15 3 (0.058%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 626 (12.11%) Docker
2 145 (2.81%) Active Directory
3 59 (1.14%) VMware Infrastructure
4 44 (0.85%) Hyper-V
5 29 (0.56%) Virtual Machines
6 10 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
7 7 (0.14%) HDFS
7 7 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
8 5 (0.097%) Terminal Services
8 5 (0.097%) VirtualBox
9 4 (0.077%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 4 (0.077%) VMware ESXi
9 4 (0.077%) XenApp
10 3 (0.058%) DFS Replication
10 3 (0.058%) ISA Server
10 3 (0.058%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 3 (0.058%) Snort
10 3 (0.058%) Varnish
10 3 (0.058%) Virtual Servers
10 3 (0.058%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 449 (8.69%) Kubernetes
2 344 (6.66%) Terraform
3 178 (3.44%) Ansible
4 62 (1.20%) Puppet
5 60 (1.16%) Opscode Chef
6 40 (0.77%) Grafana
7 29 (0.56%) Single Sign-On
8 26 (0.50%) Prometheus
9 21 (0.41%) SCCM
10 18 (0.35%) Microsoft Intune
11 15 (0.29%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 15 (0.29%) Docker Swarm
12 13 (0.25%) logstash
13 12 (0.23%) Hadoop YARN
14 11 (0.21%) Kibana
14 11 (0.21%) Oracle RMAN
15 10 (0.19%) ITRS Geneos
16 9 (0.17%) HAProxy
16 9 (0.17%) Kustomize
16 9 (0.17%) Matomo
Vendors
1 1,202 (23.26%) Microsoft
2 576 (11.15%) Oracle
3 279 (5.40%) Google
4 137 (2.65%) SAP
5 126 (2.44%) Databricks
6 100 (1.93%) Salesforce.com
7 82 (1.59%) EnterpriseDB
8 81 (1.57%) VMware
9 69 (1.34%) Adobe
10 67 (1.30%) Sitecore
11 40 (0.77%) Informatica
12 39 (0.75%) IBM
13 38 (0.74%) Alteryx
14 36 (0.70%) MuleSoft
14 36 (0.70%) Xamarin
15 35 (0.68%) ServiceNow
16 34 (0.66%) Atlassian
17 31 (0.60%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
17 31 (0.60%) Talend
18 30 (0.58%) Red Hat