Period
to 27 November 2020

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 27 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
27 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 6 10 8
Rank change year-on-year +4 -2 +2
Permanent jobs citing SQL 1,651 1,181 1,335
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 19.50% 15.28% 17.20%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.56% 25.42% 29.05%
Number of salaries quoted 3,058 2,147 2,430
Median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000
10th Percentile £33,750 £33,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £88,750 £78,750
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 5,403 4,646 4,596
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 63.80% 60.10% 59.20%
Number of salaries quoted 4,886 4,105 4,143
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £33,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £86,250 £81,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

SQL
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

SQL trend for jobs with a WFH option

SQL
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing SQL.

SQL salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

SQL
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing SQL over the 6 months to 27 November 2020.

SQL salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 27 November 2020, SQL job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for SQL.

1 643 (38.95%) Azure
2 561 (33.98%) C#
3 517 (31.31%) Agile Software Development
4 489 (29.62%) .NET
5 455 (27.56%) DevOps
6 454 (27.50%) Microsoft
7 444 (26.89%) JavaScript
8 415 (25.14%) SQL Server
9 346 (20.96%) Java
10 306 (18.53%) AWS
11 292 (17.69%) Python
12 284 (17.20%) AngularJS
13 270 (16.35%) .NET Core
14 267 (16.17%) MVC
15 259 (15.69%) HTML
16 256 (15.51%) Windows
17 253 (15.32%) CSS
17 253 (15.32%) Business Intelligence
18 252 (15.26%) Git (software)
19 236 (14.29%) Continuous Integration
19 236 (14.29%) Finance
20 230 (13.93%) ASP.NET
21 229 (13.87%) Software Engineering
22 226 (13.69%) Oracle
23 219 (13.26%) TDD
24 216 (13.08%) Scrum
25 200 (12.11%) React
26 196 (11.87%) Analytics
27 193 (11.69%) Web Services
28 190 (11.51%) NoSQL

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 80 (4.85%) SharePoint
2 67 (4.06%) Elasticsearch
3 44 (2.67%) IIS
4 39 (2.36%) Apache
5 35 (2.12%) Apache Spark
6 28 (1.70%) Confluence
7 24 (1.45%) nginx
8 19 (1.15%) SAS
9 18 (1.09%) CMS
10 16 (0.97%) Tomcat
11 13 (0.79%) Apache Airflow
12 10 (0.61%) WebSphere
13 9 (0.55%) MS Exchange
14 7 (0.42%) Exchange Server 2010
14 7 (0.42%) Exchange Server 2013
14 7 (0.42%) Skype for Business
15 6 (0.36%) IBM Notes
15 6 (0.36%) Umbraco
15 6 (0.36%) WebLogic
16 5 (0.30%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 47 (2.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 28 (1.70%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.36%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 6 (0.36%) InVision
3 6 (0.36%) Sketch
4 3 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
5 2 (0.12%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.061%) FileZilla
6 1 (0.061%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 29 (1.76%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.61%) Dynamics AX
2 10 (0.61%) Northgate Housing
3 9 (0.55%) iTrent
3 9 (0.55%) R3 Corda
4 8 (0.48%) Distributed Ledger
4 8 (0.48%) Dynamics NAV
4 8 (0.48%) Oracle Applications
5 7 (0.42%) Oracle ERP
6 6 (0.36%) Workfront
7 4 (0.24%) Elite 3E
8 3 (0.18%) Aareon QL
8 3 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
9 2 (0.12%) Cognos Business Intelligence
9 2 (0.12%) Cognos TM1
9 2 (0.12%) JDE EnterpriseOne
9 2 (0.12%) JDE OneWorld
9 2 (0.12%) Magento
9 2 (0.12%) NetSuite
9 2 (0.12%) SAP CS
Cloud Services
1 643 (38.95%) Azure
2 306 (18.53%) AWS
3 177 (10.72%) Power Platform
4 102 (6.18%) Office 365
5 99 (6.00%) GCP
5 99 (6.00%) Serverless
6 57 (3.45%) AWS Lambda
7 54 (3.27%) PaaS
8 52 (3.15%) SaaS
9 49 (2.97%) Azure Active Directory
10 47 (2.85%) IaaS
11 46 (2.79%) Amazon EC2
12 45 (2.73%) Amazon S3
13 32 (1.94%) Azure Data Factory
13 32 (1.94%) GitHub
14 25 (1.51%) Dynamics 365
15 19 (1.15%) npm
16 18 (1.09%) Azure Functions
17 17 (1.03%) Logic Apps
18 15 (0.91%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 45 (2.73%) DNS
2 18 (1.09%) SAN
2 18 (1.09%) VPN
3 17 (1.03%) Network Security
4 16 (0.97%) DHCP
4 16 (0.97%) Firewall
4 16 (0.97%) TCP/IP
5 14 (0.85%) HTTP
5 14 (0.85%) Skype
6 13 (0.79%) LAN
6 13 (0.79%) Remote Desktop
6 13 (0.79%) SSH
7 12 (0.73%) Broadband
7 12 (0.73%) Internet
8 9 (0.55%) WAN
9 6 (0.36%) NAS
9 6 (0.36%) SSL
10 5 (0.30%) Unified Communications
10 5 (0.30%) Wireless
11 4 (0.24%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 415 (25.14%) SQL Server
2 190 (11.51%) NoSQL
3 164 (9.93%) Power BI
4 125 (7.57%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 110 (6.66%) Data Warehouse
6 106 (6.42%) Azure SQL Database
7 102 (6.18%) PostgreSQL
8 101 (6.12%) MongoDB
9 90 (5.45%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 84 (5.09%) Tableau
11 77 (4.66%) Relational Database
12 74 (4.48%) Big Data
12 74 (4.48%) MySQL
13 53 (3.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 41 (2.48%) SQL Server 2012
15 40 (2.42%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 34 (2.06%) Redis
17 32 (1.94%) QlikView
18 29 (1.76%) Data Lake
18 29 (1.76%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 252 (15.26%) Git (software)
2 86 (5.21%) Jenkins
3 76 (4.60%) JIRA
4 75 (4.54%) Team Foundation Server
5 43 (2.60%) Visual Studio
6 40 (2.42%) Bitbucket
6 40 (2.42%) Mercurial
6 40 (2.42%) Subversion
7 32 (1.94%) JUnit
8 31 (1.88%) Selenium
9 30 (1.82%) Maven
10 29 (1.76%) TeamCity
11 28 (1.70%) Octopus Deploy
12 21 (1.27%) SpecFlow
13 20 (1.21%) Gradle
13 20 (1.21%) Visual Studio Team System
14 18 (1.09%) webpack
15 16 (0.97%) NUnit
16 15 (0.91%) GitLab
17 13 (0.79%) Liquibase
General
1 236 (14.29%) Finance
2 39 (2.36%) Games
3 38 (2.30%) Marketing
4 37 (2.24%) Public Sector
5 35 (2.12%) Banking
5 35 (2.12%) Front Office
5 35 (2.12%) Retail
6 26 (1.57%) Advertising
7 15 (0.91%) Law
8 12 (0.73%) Electronics
8 12 (0.73%) Investment Banking
8 12 (0.73%) Manufacturing
9 10 (0.61%) Legal
9 10 (0.61%) Telecoms
10 9 (0.55%) Social Housing
11 7 (0.42%) French Language
11 7 (0.42%) German Language
11 7 (0.42%) Military
12 6 (0.36%) Back Office
12 6 (0.36%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 817 (49.49%) Developer
2 177 (10.72%) Senior Developer
3 151 (9.15%) .NET Developer
4 140 (8.48%) Analyst
5 128 (7.75%) Azure Engineer
6 127 (7.69%) Software Engineer
7 123 (7.45%) C# Developer
8 104 (6.30%) Full Stack Developer
9 99 (6.00%) Software Developer
10 95 (5.75%) Platform Engineer
11 92 (5.57%) Java Developer
12 76 (4.60%) SQL Developer
13 74 (4.48%) Data Engineer
14 72 (4.36%) Consultant
15 69 (4.18%) Web Developer
16 67 (4.06%) Angular Developer
17 66 (4.00%) C# .NET Developer
18 62 (3.76%) Lead Developer
19 59 (3.57%) Python Developer
20 56 (3.39%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 489 (29.62%) .NET
2 284 (17.20%) AngularJS
3 270 (16.35%) .NET Core
4 259 (15.69%) HTML
5 253 (15.32%) CSS
6 230 (13.93%) ASP.NET
7 200 (12.11%) React
8 193 (11.69%) Web Services
9 159 (9.63%) REST
10 111 (6.72%) jQuery
11 109 (6.60%) Node.js
12 103 (6.24%) RESTful
12 103 (6.24%) Spring
13 96 (5.81%) ASP.NET Web API
14 86 (5.21%) JSON
15 85 (5.15%) HTML5
16 81 (4.91%) Spring Boot
17 80 (4.85%) ASP.NET Web Forms
18 77 (4.66%) .NET Framework
19 72 (4.36%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 179 (10.84%) Analytical Skills
2 85 (5.15%) Greenfield Project
3 62 (3.76%) Mobile App
4 48 (2.91%) User Experience
5 46 (2.79%) Algorithms
6 37 (2.24%) Data Centre
7 36 (2.18%) Data Structures
8 32 (1.94%) Fixed Income
9 31 (1.88%) Derivative
9 31 (1.88%) Virtual Team
10 30 (1.82%) Equities
11 29 (1.76%) Public Cloud
11 29 (1.76%) Self-Motivation
12 27 (1.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 26 (1.57%) Hedge funds
14 25 (1.51%) Management Information System
15 21 (1.27%) Hybrid Cloud
16 20 (1.21%) NHS
17 19 (1.15%) Cloud Native
17 19 (1.15%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 256 (15.51%) Windows
2 131 (7.93%) Linux
3 83 (5.03%) Windows Server
4 55 (3.33%) Android
5 49 (2.97%) Unix
6 31 (1.88%) Apple iOS
7 14 (0.85%) VMS
8 13 (0.79%) Windows Server 2012
9 11 (0.67%) Windows 10
9 11 (0.67%) Windows Server 2016
10 8 (0.48%) Debian
11 7 (0.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 7 (0.42%) Windows Server 2008
12 6 (0.36%) Solaris
13 5 (0.30%) Windows Server 2019
14 4 (0.24%) AIX
14 4 (0.24%) CentOS
14 4 (0.24%) Ubuntu
15 2 (0.12%) Embedded Linux
15 2 (0.12%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 517 (31.31%) Agile Software Development
2 455 (27.56%) DevOps
3 267 (16.17%) MVC
4 253 (15.32%) Business Intelligence
5 236 (14.29%) Continuous Integration
6 229 (13.87%) Software Engineering
7 219 (13.26%) TDD
8 216 (13.08%) Scrum
9 196 (11.87%) Analytics
10 176 (10.66%) Microservices
11 163 (9.87%) Web Development
12 148 (8.96%) Migration
13 134 (8.12%) ETL
14 123 (7.45%) Infrastructure as Code
15 119 (7.21%) Visualisation
16 112 (6.78%) Data Security
16 112 (6.78%) OO
17 111 (6.72%) Fintech
18 100 (6.06%) Data Modelling
19 98 (5.94%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 561 (33.98%) C#
2 444 (26.89%) JavaScript
3 346 (20.96%) Java
4 292 (17.69%) Python
5 169 (10.24%) T-SQL
6 97 (5.88%) TypeScript
7 87 (5.27%) PowerShell
8 80 (4.85%) PHP
9 66 (4.00%) C++
10 62 (3.76%) R
11 58 (3.51%) PL/SQL
12 40 (2.42%) C
13 37 (2.24%) Kotlin
14 36 (2.18%) Scala
15 31 (1.88%) Go
16 29 (1.76%) Bash Shell
17 24 (1.45%) Perl
18 23 (1.39%) Apex Code
18 23 (1.39%) SOQL
19 22 (1.33%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 128 (7.75%) Degree
2 49 (2.97%) Microsoft Certification
3 41 (2.48%) Security Cleared
4 36 (2.18%) SC Cleared
5 32 (1.94%) Computer Science Degree
5 32 (1.94%) MCSE
6 19 (1.15%) CCNA
6 19 (1.15%) Cisco Certification
7 13 (0.79%) MCSA
7 13 (0.79%) PhD
8 11 (0.67%) Numerate Degree
9 9 (0.55%) MCP
10 8 (0.48%) ISEB
10 8 (0.48%) ISTQB
10 8 (0.48%) Oracle Certification
11 7 (0.42%) Master's Degree
12 5 (0.30%) BPSS Clearance
13 4 (0.24%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 2 (0.12%) DV Cleared
14 2 (0.12%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 68 (4.12%) QA
2 23 (1.39%) Data Quality
3 22 (1.33%) SLA
4 16 (0.97%) GDPR
5 11 (0.67%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 9 (0.55%) NIST
7 4 (0.24%) ISO 9001
8 3 (0.18%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.12%) HIPAA
9 2 (0.12%) IEC 62304
9 2 (0.12%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.061%) GAAP
10 1 (0.061%) HL7
10 1 (0.061%) IFRS
10 1 (0.061%) PMO
System Software
1 163 (9.87%) Docker
2 115 (6.97%) Active Directory
3 61 (3.69%) VMware Infrastructure
4 53 (3.21%) Hyper-V
5 14 (0.85%) Virtual Machines
6 10 (0.61%) Virtual Desktop
7 8 (0.48%) Firmware
7 8 (0.48%) Microsoft Virtual Server
7 8 (0.48%) Virtual Servers
8 6 (0.36%) XenApp
9 5 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
9 5 (0.30%) XenDesktop
10 4 (0.24%) EMC RecoverPoint
10 4 (0.24%) HDFS
11 3 (0.18%) VMware Workstation
11 3 (0.18%) vSphere
11 3 (0.18%) Xen
12 2 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
12 2 (0.12%) Postfix
12 2 (0.12%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 114 (6.90%) Kubernetes
2 52 (3.15%) Terraform
3 42 (2.54%) Ansible
4 40 (2.42%) Microsoft Intune
5 32 (1.94%) SCCM
6 14 (0.85%) Grafana
7 12 (0.73%) Puppet
8 10 (0.61%) Kibana
9 9 (0.55%) logstash
10 8 (0.48%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
10 8 (0.48%) WSUS
11 7 (0.42%) Opscode Chef
12 6 (0.36%) Backup Exec
12 6 (0.36%) Failover Clustering
12 6 (0.36%) NetBackup
12 6 (0.36%) SCOM
13 5 (0.30%) Nagios
13 5 (0.30%) XenMobile
14 4 (0.24%) FortiGate
14 4 (0.24%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 454 (27.50%) Microsoft
2 226 (13.69%) Oracle
3 88 (5.33%) EnterpriseDB
4 69 (4.18%) Google
5 66 (4.00%) VMware
6 36 (2.18%) Salesforce.com
7 26 (1.57%) SAP
8 24 (1.45%) ServiceNow
9 20 (1.21%) Atlassian
9 20 (1.21%) Citrix
10 17 (1.03%) Alteryx
10 17 (1.03%) Databricks
11 13 (0.79%) Cisco
12 12 (0.73%) IBM
12 12 (0.73%) JDA
12 12 (0.73%) Splunk
13 11 (0.67%) EMC
14 10 (0.61%) Adobe
14 10 (0.61%) Northgate
15 9 (0.55%) Remedy