Period
to 24 July 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 5 9 12
Rank change year-on-year +4 +3 -4
Permanent jobs citing SQL 4,578 902 1,178
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 20.06% 16.56% 14.53%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.40% 26.37% 25.32%
Number of salaries quoted 3,806 795 1,094
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,500
25th Percentile £38,750 £40,000 £38,374
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £51,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.00% +5.26% -5.00%
75th Percentile £66,000 £67,500 £67,500
90th Percentile £78,750 £81,250 £78,375
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 13,705 3,420 4,652
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 60.05% 62.79% 57.36%
Number of salaries quoted 10,988 3,044 4,249
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £33,750
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £41,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% - +10.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £72,500
90th Percentile £91,250 £85,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

SQL
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

SQL trend for jobs with a WFH option

SQL
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing SQL.

SQL salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

SQL
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing SQL over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

SQL salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, SQL job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for SQL.

1 1,749 (38.20%) Agile Software Development
2 1,628 (35.56%) Azure
3 1,431 (31.26%) C#
4 1,327 (28.99%) JavaScript
5 1,322 (28.88%) .NET
6 1,066 (23.29%) SQL Server
7 1,048 (22.89%) Microsoft
8 1,040 (22.72%) DevOps
9 951 (20.77%) AWS
10 888 (19.40%) Java
11 821 (17.93%) Python
12 806 (17.61%) Finance
13 793 (17.32%) Business Intelligence
14 777 (16.97%) Social Skills
15 746 (16.30%) Software Engineering
16 713 (15.57%) React
17 646 (14.11%) Microservices
18 633 (13.83%) HTML
19 627 (13.70%) Git (software)
20 614 (13.41%) Docker
21 604 (13.19%) AngularJS
22 580 (12.67%) NoSQL
23 561 (12.25%) Analytics
24 560 (12.23%) Scrum
25 547 (11.95%) Power Platform
26 541 (11.82%) Oracle
27 532 (11.62%) Degree
28 531 (11.60%) CSS
29 529 (11.56%) T-SQL
30 525 (11.47%) Power BI

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 154 (3.36%) Apache Spark
2 143 (3.12%) SharePoint
3 128 (2.80%) IIS
4 121 (2.64%) CMS
5 116 (2.53%) Apache
6 86 (1.88%) SAS
7 80 (1.75%) Elasticsearch
8 64 (1.40%) Confluence
9 62 (1.35%) Apache Airflow
10 47 (1.03%) EPiServer
11 46 (1.00%) Umbraco
12 42 (0.92%) WordPress
13 38 (0.83%) Tomcat
14 32 (0.70%) Sitecore CMS
15 31 (0.68%) BizTalk Server
16 28 (0.61%) Headless CMS
17 25 (0.55%) Kentico
17 25 (0.55%) MS Exchange
18 20 (0.44%) WebLogic
19 19 (0.42%) nginx
Applications
1 198 (4.33%) Microsoft Excel
2 97 (2.12%) Microsoft Office
3 25 (0.55%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 13 (0.28%) Spreadsheet
5 12 (0.26%) MS Visio
5 12 (0.26%) SOLIDWORKS
6 7 (0.15%) Photoshop
7 6 (0.13%) InDesign
8 4 (0.087%) Chatbot
8 4 (0.087%) Microsoft Project
9 3 (0.066%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 3 (0.066%) InVision
9 3 (0.066%) Sketch
9 3 (0.066%) Weka
10 2 (0.044%) Figma
10 2 (0.044%) InfoPath
11 1 (0.022%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.022%) PrintSoft PReS
11 1 (0.022%) SPSS
11 1 (0.022%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 62 (1.35%) Dynamics CRM
2 33 (0.72%) Adobe Campaign
3 24 (0.52%) NetSuite
4 16 (0.35%) Magento
4 16 (0.35%) Oracle Applications
5 13 (0.28%) Dynamics AX
5 13 (0.28%) Oracle EBS
5 13 (0.28%) Shopify
6 10 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
6 10 (0.22%) Sentinel
7 7 (0.15%) Elite 3E
8 6 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
8 6 (0.13%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 5 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
10 4 (0.087%) SAP FI
11 3 (0.066%) Oracle Financials
11 3 (0.066%) SAP CO
11 3 (0.066%) SAP FI/CO
11 3 (0.066%) SDL Web 8
11 3 (0.066%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 1,628 (35.56%) Azure
2 951 (20.77%) AWS
3 547 (11.95%) Power Platform
4 336 (7.34%) GCP
5 289 (6.31%) SaaS
6 243 (5.31%) Serverless
7 153 (3.34%) Azure Data Factory
8 139 (3.04%) Microsoft 365
9 131 (2.86%) Amazon S3
10 130 (2.84%) PaaS
11 123 (2.69%) GitHub
12 107 (2.34%) AWS Lambda
13 94 (2.05%) IaaS
14 93 (2.03%) Snowflake
15 82 (1.79%) Dynamics 365
16 81 (1.77%) Azure Service Bus
17 74 (1.62%) Azure Active Directory
17 74 (1.62%) Azure Functions
18 73 (1.59%) PowerApps
19 66 (1.44%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 61 (1.33%) DNS
2 49 (1.07%) Firewall
3 38 (0.83%) DHCP
4 37 (0.81%) HTTP
5 34 (0.74%) SMS
6 26 (0.57%) SAN
7 20 (0.44%) FTP
7 20 (0.44%) Internet
8 19 (0.42%) LAN
8 19 (0.42%) TCP/IP
8 19 (0.42%) WAN
9 18 (0.39%) SSL
10 15 (0.33%) VPN
11 12 (0.26%) Network Security
11 12 (0.26%) SSH
12 11 (0.24%) VLAN
13 10 (0.22%) Wireless
14 7 (0.15%) Intranet
15 5 (0.11%) IPv4
15 5 (0.11%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,066 (23.29%) SQL Server
2 580 (12.67%) NoSQL
3 525 (11.47%) Power BI
4 463 (10.11%) Data Warehouse
5 350 (7.65%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 322 (7.03%) PostgreSQL
7 319 (6.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 284 (6.20%) Relational Database
9 265 (5.79%) MySQL
10 242 (5.29%) Big Data
11 239 (5.22%) Tableau
12 212 (4.63%) Azure SQL Database
13 210 (4.59%) MongoDB
14 187 (4.08%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 148 (3.23%) Data Lake
16 140 (3.06%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 114 (2.49%) Hadoop
18 110 (2.40%) Redis
19 105 (2.29%) Oracle Database
20 93 (2.03%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 627 (13.70%) Git (software)
2 327 (7.14%) Jenkins
3 199 (4.35%) Visual Studio
4 172 (3.76%) JIRA
5 119 (2.60%) Maven
6 118 (2.58%) JUnit
7 115 (2.51%) Selenium
8 100 (2.18%) Team Foundation Server
9 83 (1.81%) Octopus Deploy
10 81 (1.77%) TeamCity
11 48 (1.05%) Cucumber
11 48 (1.05%) Visual Studio Team System
12 45 (0.98%) NUnit
13 43 (0.94%) WebDriver
14 40 (0.87%) SpecFlow
15 38 (0.83%) Postman
16 37 (0.81%) webpack
17 36 (0.79%) Bitbucket
17 36 (0.79%) Gradle
18 34 (0.74%) Cypress.io
General
1 806 (17.61%) Finance
2 777 (16.97%) Social Skills
3 407 (8.89%) Analytical Skills
4 247 (5.40%) Marketing
5 206 (4.50%) Retail
6 134 (2.93%) Banking
7 112 (2.45%) Games
8 99 (2.16%) Law
9 73 (1.59%) Public Sector
10 67 (1.46%) Manufacturing
11 62 (1.35%) Legal
12 53 (1.16%) Presentation Skills
13 52 (1.14%) Front Office
13 52 (1.14%) Organisational Skills
14 37 (0.81%) Pharmaceutical
15 36 (0.79%) Back Office
16 33 (0.72%) Telecoms
17 24 (0.52%) Documentation Skills
18 23 (0.50%) French Language
19 22 (0.48%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 2,298 (50.20%) Developer
2 501 (10.94%) C# Developer
3 485 (10.59%) Analyst
4 477 (10.42%) .NET Developer
5 400 (8.74%) Senior Developer
6 381 (8.32%) Software Developer
7 284 (6.20%) Full Stack Developer
7 284 (6.20%) Java Developer
8 270 (5.90%) Software Engineer
9 259 (5.66%) Data Engineer
10 247 (5.40%) C# .NET Developer
11 242 (5.29%) SQL Developer
12 221 (4.83%) Azure Engineer
13 180 (3.93%) JavaScript Developer
14 167 (3.65%) C# Software Developer
15 159 (3.47%) Architect
15 159 (3.47%) PHP Developer
16 150 (3.28%) Consultant
17 147 (3.21%) Data Analyst
17 147 (3.21%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,322 (28.88%) .NET
2 713 (15.57%) React
3 633 (13.83%) HTML
4 604 (13.19%) AngularJS
5 531 (11.60%) CSS
6 516 (11.27%) .NET Core
7 457 (9.98%) ASP.NET
8 389 (8.50%) Web Services
9 379 (8.28%) REST
10 331 (7.23%) RESTful
11 320 (6.99%) Spring
12 236 (5.16%) Node.js
13 232 (5.07%) .NET Framework
14 229 (5.00%) XML
15 228 (4.98%) Vue.js
16 211 (4.61%) Spring Boot
17 208 (4.54%) jQuery
18 206 (4.50%) Kafka
19 198 (4.33%) JSON
20 171 (3.74%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 293 (6.40%) Greenfield Project
2 148 (3.23%) User Experience
3 133 (2.91%) Mobile App
4 116 (2.53%) Self-Motivation
5 95 (2.08%) Algorithms
6 88 (1.92%) Enterprise Software
7 83 (1.81%) Virtual Team
8 78 (1.70%) Public Cloud
9 74 (1.62%) Data Structures
10 57 (1.25%) Legacy Systems
11 53 (1.16%) Management Information System
12 50 (1.09%) Hedge funds
13 48 (1.05%) Equities
14 45 (0.98%) Derivative
15 44 (0.96%) Data Centre
16 42 (0.92%) Fixed Income
16 42 (0.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 38 (0.83%) NHS
18 37 (0.81%) Cloud Native
19 33 (0.72%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 470 (10.27%) Windows
2 429 (9.37%) Linux
3 156 (3.41%) Windows Server
4 109 (2.38%) Unix
5 83 (1.81%) Android
6 74 (1.62%) Apple iOS
7 36 (0.79%) Windows 10
8 33 (0.72%) Windows Server 2016
9 26 (0.57%) Ubuntu
9 26 (0.57%) Windows Server 2012
10 17 (0.37%) Windows Server 2019
11 15 (0.33%) Windows 7
12 14 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
13 11 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 6 (0.13%) CentOS
14 6 (0.13%) Windows 8
15 5 (0.11%) VMS
15 5 (0.11%) zOS
16 4 (0.087%) AIX
17 3 (0.066%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,749 (38.20%) Agile Software Development
2 1,040 (22.72%) DevOps
3 793 (17.32%) Business Intelligence
4 746 (16.30%) Software Engineering
5 646 (14.11%) Microservices
6 561 (12.25%) Analytics
7 560 (12.23%) Scrum
8 520 (11.36%) MVC
9 483 (10.55%) ETL
10 446 (9.74%) Problem-Solving
11 374 (8.17%) TDD
12 371 (8.10%) Data Modelling
13 355 (7.75%) Computer Science
14 342 (7.47%) Test Automation
15 334 (7.30%) Mentoring
16 314 (6.86%) Migration
17 313 (6.84%) Fintech
18 289 (6.31%) Visualisation
19 285 (6.23%) Data Science
20 271 (5.92%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,431 (31.26%) C#
2 1,327 (28.99%) JavaScript
3 888 (19.40%) Java
4 821 (17.93%) Python
5 529 (11.56%) T-SQL
6 355 (7.75%) TypeScript
7 271 (5.92%) PHP
8 230 (5.02%) PowerShell
9 193 (4.22%) PL/SQL
10 147 (3.21%) Scala
11 134 (2.93%) R
12 124 (2.71%) C++
13 111 (2.42%) Go
14 97 (2.12%) C
15 95 (2.08%) Java 8
16 85 (1.86%) Ruby
17 84 (1.83%) Bash Shell
18 60 (1.31%) Kotlin
19 55 (1.20%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
19 55 (1.20%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 532 (11.62%) Degree
2 222 (4.85%) Computer Science Degree
3 118 (2.58%) Security Cleared
4 104 (2.27%) SC Cleared
5 56 (1.22%) Microsoft Certification
6 49 (1.07%) Numerate Degree
7 26 (0.57%) PhD
8 21 (0.46%) MCSE
9 20 (0.44%) AWS Certification
9 20 (0.44%) Cisco Certification
10 19 (0.42%) CCNA
11 13 (0.28%) ISEB
12 12 (0.26%) HND
13 9 (0.20%) MCSA
14 8 (0.17%) CISA
14 8 (0.17%) ISTQB
15 7 (0.15%) CISSP
15 7 (0.15%) HNC
15 7 (0.15%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
16 6 (0.13%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 268 (5.85%) QA
2 137 (2.99%) Data Quality
3 58 (1.27%) Accessibility
4 54 (1.18%) GDPR
5 44 (0.96%) SLA
6 21 (0.46%) PCI DSS
7 17 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 13 (0.28%) GRC
8 13 (0.28%) Solvency II
9 12 (0.26%) CDISC
10 7 (0.15%) Good Clinical Practice
11 6 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 4 (0.087%) COBIT
12 4 (0.087%) HL7
12 4 (0.087%) WCAG
13 3 (0.066%) EMIR
13 3 (0.066%) ISO 15022
13 3 (0.066%) ISO 20022
13 3 (0.066%) MiFID
13 3 (0.066%) NIST
System Software
1 614 (13.41%) Docker
2 173 (3.78%) Active Directory
3 73 (1.59%) VMware Infrastructure
4 47 (1.03%) Hyper-V
5 26 (0.57%) Virtual Machines
6 16 (0.35%) Virtual Desktop
7 14 (0.31%) HDFS
8 7 (0.15%) VirtualBox
9 5 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
10 4 (0.087%) Snort
10 4 (0.087%) VMware Server
11 3 (0.066%) DFS Replication
11 3 (0.066%) ISA Server
11 3 (0.066%) VMware ESXi
12 2 (0.044%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 2 (0.044%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 2 (0.044%) Firmware
12 2 (0.044%) Terminal Services
12 2 (0.044%) XenApp
13 1 (0.022%) NFS
Systems Management
1 467 (10.20%) Kubernetes
2 277 (6.05%) Terraform
3 140 (3.06%) Ansible
4 51 (1.11%) Puppet
5 43 (0.94%) Opscode Chef
6 38 (0.83%) SCCM
7 30 (0.66%) Microsoft Intune
8 26 (0.57%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 23 (0.50%) Packer
9 23 (0.50%) Prometheus
9 23 (0.50%) Single Sign-On
10 15 (0.33%) Grafana
11 14 (0.31%) Docker Swarm
12 12 (0.26%) Kustomize
13 10 (0.22%) Argo
14 9 (0.20%) Failover Clustering
14 9 (0.20%) Hadoop YARN
15 8 (0.17%) HP Fortify
15 8 (0.17%) WSUS
16 6 (0.13%) FlexNet
Vendors
1 1,048 (22.89%) Microsoft
2 541 (11.82%) Oracle
3 257 (5.61%) Google
4 109 (2.38%) Databricks
5 107 (2.34%) SAP
6 98 (2.14%) VMware
7 96 (2.10%) EnterpriseDB
8 76 (1.66%) Salesforce.com
9 56 (1.22%) Adobe
10 44 (0.96%) IBM
11 38 (0.83%) Atlassian
11 38 (0.83%) Informatica
12 35 (0.76%) Sitecore
13 30 (0.66%) Alteryx
14 29 (0.63%) Xamarin
15 26 (0.57%) JDA
16 25 (0.55%) JD Edwards
16 25 (0.55%) Red Hat
17 24 (0.52%) Qubit
18 23 (0.50%) Talend