Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC, Infra as Code)
UK
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 85 108 218
Rank change year-on-year +23 +110 +74
Permanent jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 6,881 3,489 1,278
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.83% 3.26% 1.62%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.02% 3.48% 1.74%
Number of salaries quoted 2,860 2,312 1,060
10th Percentile £46,250 £43,750 £42,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £53,750 £53,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year - - +3.70%
75th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £85,000
90th Percentile £101,750 £95,000 £98,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £61,180 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +1.97% +4.35% +2.68%

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 171,218 100,289 73,335
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 95.33% 93.83% 92.91%
Number of salaries quoted 84,584 69,434 59,179
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,750
25th Percentile £45,000 £41,744 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £91,250 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £49,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +6.06% +4.21% +5.56%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code.

Salary trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the UK over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +17 5,513 £72,500 +3.57% 422
London +14 3,710 £83,000 +3.75% 232
Work from Home +14 3,335 £70,000 +7.69% 219
UK excluding London -21 2,043 £61,180 +1.97% 219
North of England -28 717 £62,500 +4.17% 69
South East -55 392 £70,000 +7.69% 27
North West -19 373 £60,000 +1.27% 39
South West -11 285 £55,000 - 23
Yorkshire -30 283 £62,500 +4.17% 22
Midlands -32 230 £65,000 - 46
Scotland -15 194 £61,180 +6.40% 24
West Midlands -26 193 £65,000 +4.00% 30
East of England +5 141 £62,500 +8.70% 16
Wales +20 65 £55,000 - 10
North East -6 61 £60,000 +9.09% 8
Northern Ireland -1 48 £52,500 -33.33% 4
East Midlands -48 37 £68,750 +1.85% 16

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 4,912 (71.38%) AWS
2 4,540 (65.98%) Terraform
3 4,532 (65.86%) DevOps
4 4,099 (59.57%) CI/CD
5 3,519 (51.14%) Kubernetes
6 3,253 (47.28%) Azure
7 3,178 (46.19%) Agile
8 3,165 (46.00%) Python
9 3,058 (44.44%) Docker
10 2,117 (30.77%) Linux
11 1,927 (28.00%) GCP
12 1,926 (27.99%) Software Engineering
13 1,842 (26.77%) Ansible
14 1,810 (26.30%) Finance
15 1,740 (25.29%) Jenkins
16 1,538 (22.35%) Serverless
17 1,487 (21.61%) Java
18 1,352 (19.65%) SQL
19 1,302 (18.92%) AWS CloudFormation
20 1,226 (17.82%) Microservices
21 1,209 (17.57%) Bash
22 1,177 (17.11%) Git (software)
23 1,160 (16.86%) Social Skills
24 1,120 (16.28%) Cloud Native
25 1,109 (16.12%) JavaScript
26 1,085 (15.77%) Problem-Solving
27 1,055 (15.33%) Go
28 1,012 (14.71%) Node.js
29 1,009 (14.66%) Mentoring
29 1,009 (14.66%) React

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 197 (2.86%) Apache Airflow
2 188 (2.73%) Confluence
3 185 (2.69%) Apache Spark
4 167 (2.43%) Apache
5 93 (1.35%) CMS
6 68 (0.99%) Headless CMS
7 67 (0.97%) Cloud Foundry
8 61 (0.89%) nginx
9 40 (0.58%) OpenStack
10 36 (0.52%) SharePoint
11 31 (0.45%) IIS
12 29 (0.42%) Tomcat
13 23 (0.33%) Drupal
14 15 (0.22%) Jupyter
15 14 (0.20%) Luigi
16 10 (0.15%) WordPress
17 9 (0.13%) IBM Domino
17 9 (0.13%) Sitecore CMS
18 7 (0.10%) Apache Solr
18 7 (0.10%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 27 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 23 (0.33%) Microsoft Excel
3 18 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
4 12 (0.17%) MS Visio
5 10 (0.15%) Chatbot
6 6 (0.087%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.029%) Adobe Premiere
7 2 (0.029%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 27 (0.39%) R3 Corda
2 16 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
3 15 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
3 15 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
4 12 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
5 10 (0.15%) Fidessa
6 8 (0.12%) JDE OneWorld
6 8 (0.12%) Summit
7 7 (0.10%) Oracle EBS
8 3 (0.044%) Adobe Campaign
8 3 (0.044%) Oracle Applications
9 2 (0.029%) SystmOne
10 1 (0.015%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 4,912 (71.38%) AWS
2 3,253 (47.28%) Azure
3 1,927 (28.00%) GCP
4 1,538 (22.35%) Serverless
5 1,302 (18.92%) AWS CloudFormation
6 847 (12.31%) Azure DevOps
7 791 (11.50%) AWS Lambda
8 774 (11.25%) SaaS
9 762 (11.07%) GitHub
10 653 (9.49%) Amazon ECS
11 628 (9.13%) PaaS
12 619 (9.00%) Amazon S3
13 473 (6.87%) Amazon EKS
14 446 (6.48%) Amazon EC2
15 428 (6.22%) IaaS
16 399 (5.80%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 335 (4.87%) Cloud Computing
18 324 (4.71%) Amazon Kinesis
19 310 (4.51%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 270 (3.92%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 363 (5.28%) Firewall
2 314 (4.56%) DNS
3 231 (3.36%) Network Security
4 213 (3.10%) VPN
5 148 (2.15%) TCP/IP
6 133 (1.93%) Internet
7 124 (1.80%) HTTP
8 94 (1.37%) DHCP
9 89 (1.29%) WAN
10 74 (1.08%) LAN
11 58 (0.84%) SAN
12 53 (0.77%) VLAN
13 51 (0.74%) OSPF
14 48 (0.70%) Software-Defined Networking
15 45 (0.65%) Broadband
16 44 (0.64%) SD-WAN
17 42 (0.61%) BGP
18 39 (0.57%) Intrusion Detection
19 37 (0.54%) NAS
20 36 (0.52%) PPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 636 (9.24%) NoSQL
2 563 (8.18%) PostgreSQL
3 486 (7.06%) Elasticsearch
4 404 (5.87%) DynamoDB
5 342 (4.97%) Relational Database
6 334 (4.85%) Amazon RDS
7 325 (4.72%) Big Data
8 249 (3.62%) SQL Server
9 247 (3.59%) MySQL
10 243 (3.53%) MongoDB
11 236 (3.43%) Data Warehouse
12 190 (2.76%) Redis
13 184 (2.67%) Data Lake
14 163 (2.37%) Amazon Athena
15 162 (2.35%) Amazon Redshift
16 129 (1.87%) Amazon Aurora
17 128 (1.86%) BigQuery
18 107 (1.56%) Azure SQL Database
19 92 (1.34%) Electronic Patient Records
20 79 (1.15%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 1,740 (25.29%) Jenkins
2 1,177 (17.11%) Git (software)
3 591 (8.59%) GitLab
4 406 (5.90%) CircleCI
5 385 (5.60%) TeamCity
6 377 (5.48%) JIRA
7 350 (5.09%) Octopus Deploy
8 211 (3.07%) Travis CI
9 150 (2.18%) Team Foundation Server
10 127 (1.85%) IBM UrbanCode
11 122 (1.77%) Bitbucket
12 119 (1.73%) Selenium
13 108 (1.57%) Maven
14 101 (1.47%) Cucumber
15 94 (1.37%) Cypress.io
16 78 (1.13%) SonarQube
17 71 (1.03%) Gradle
18 61 (0.89%) Storybook
19 56 (0.81%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 56 (0.81%) Spinnaker
General
1 1,810 (26.30%) Finance
2 1,160 (16.86%) Social Skills
3 599 (8.71%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 571 (8.30%) Banking
5 543 (7.89%) Retail
6 499 (7.25%) Public Sector
7 403 (5.86%) Analytical Skills
8 353 (5.13%) Games
9 191 (2.78%) Marketing
10 159 (2.31%) Legal
11 129 (1.87%) Presentation Skills
12 118 (1.71%) Law
13 100 (1.45%) Advertising
14 79 (1.15%) Financial Institution
15 78 (1.13%) Publishing
16 73 (1.06%) Telecoms
17 68 (0.99%) Automotive
18 53 (0.77%) Local Government
19 47 (0.68%) Organisational Skills
20 46 (0.67%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 2,400 (34.88%) DevOps Engineer
2 990 (14.39%) Developer
3 849 (12.34%) Software Engineer
4 829 (12.05%) Cloud Engineer
5 706 (10.26%) Senior DevOps
6 673 (9.78%) Senior DevOps Engineer
7 380 (5.52%) Senior Software Engineer
8 331 (4.81%) Platform Engineer
9 321 (4.67%) Data Engineer
10 315 (4.58%) AWS Engineer
11 300 (4.36%) Architect
11 300 (4.36%) C# Developer
12 285 (4.14%) Azure Engineer
13 273 (3.97%) Lead DevOps
14 270 (3.92%) Infrastructure Engineer
15 236 (3.43%) Site Reliability Engineer
16 233 (3.39%) Full Stack Developer
17 217 (3.15%) Senior Developer
18 212 (3.08%) AWS DevOps
19 211 (3.07%) Azure DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,012 (14.71%) Node.js
2 1,009 (14.66%) React
3 890 (12.93%) .NET
4 593 (8.62%) Kafka
5 423 (6.15%) Elastic Stack
6 422 (6.13%) .NET Core
7 341 (4.96%) CSS
8 297 (4.32%) REST
9 288 (4.19%) Web Services
10 269 (3.91%) AngularJS
11 251 (3.65%) ARM Templates
12 249 (3.62%) RESTful
13 247 (3.59%) GraphQL
14 243 (3.53%) Vue.js
15 199 (2.89%) HTML
16 193 (2.80%) Spring
17 168 (2.44%) Jest
18 167 (2.43%) ASP.NET
19 122 (1.77%) OAuth
19 122 (1.77%) Ruby on Rails
Miscellaneous
1 1,120 (16.28%) Cloud Native
2 697 (10.13%) Public Cloud
3 448 (6.51%) User Experience
4 252 (3.66%) Self-Motivation
5 221 (3.21%) Mobile App
6 195 (2.83%) Private Cloud
7 191 (2.78%) Data Centre
8 188 (2.73%) Blog
9 158 (2.30%) Greenfield Project
10 152 (2.21%) Algorithms
11 135 (1.96%) Management Information System
12 124 (1.80%) Legacy Systems
13 121 (1.76%) IoT
13 121 (1.76%) Linux Command Line
14 119 (1.73%) Hybrid Cloud
15 117 (1.70%) Virtual Team
16 115 (1.67%) Hackathon
17 108 (1.57%) Data Structures
18 104 (1.51%) Blockchain
19 84 (1.22%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 2,117 (30.77%) Linux
2 761 (11.06%) Windows
3 341 (4.96%) Unix
4 159 (2.31%) Windows Server
5 125 (1.82%) Mesosphere
6 109 (1.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 99 (1.44%) CentOS
8 89 (1.29%) Android
9 75 (1.09%) VMS
10 57 (0.83%) Ubuntu
11 53 (0.77%) Apple iOS
12 29 (0.42%) Mac OS
13 27 (0.39%) Windows 10
14 22 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
15 19 (0.28%) Oracle Linux
16 18 (0.26%) Amazon Linux
17 17 (0.25%) CoreOS
17 17 (0.25%) Windows Server 2016
18 11 (0.16%) Solaris
19 10 (0.15%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,532 (65.86%) DevOps
2 4,099 (59.57%) CI/CD
3 3,178 (46.19%) Agile
4 1,926 (27.99%) Software Engineering
5 1,226 (17.82%) Microservices
6 1,085 (15.77%) Problem-Solving
7 1,009 (14.66%) Mentoring
8 996 (14.47%) Configuration Management
9 972 (14.13%) Test Automation
10 869 (12.63%) Continuous Integration
11 807 (11.73%) TDD
12 804 (11.68%) Scrum
13 791 (11.50%) Fintech
14 731 (10.62%) Site Reliability Engineering
15 713 (10.36%) Analytics
16 643 (9.34%) Full Stack Development
17 612 (8.89%) Observability
18 592 (8.60%) SDLC
19 588 (8.55%) Continuous Delivery
19 588 (8.55%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 3,165 (46.00%) Python
2 1,487 (21.61%) Java
3 1,352 (19.65%) SQL
4 1,209 (17.57%) Bash
5 1,109 (16.12%) JavaScript
6 1,055 (15.33%) Go
7 985 (14.31%) C#
8 952 (13.84%) PowerShell
9 726 (10.55%) TypeScript
10 519 (7.54%) Ruby
11 356 (5.17%) Groovy
12 291 (4.23%) T-SQL
13 242 (3.52%) Scala
14 189 (2.75%) PHP
15 186 (2.70%) Rust
16 149 (2.17%) Kotlin
17 118 (1.71%) C++
18 109 (1.58%) Shell Script
19 89 (1.29%) Perl
20 80 (1.16%) R
Qualifications
1 474 (6.89%) Degree
2 376 (5.46%) Security Cleared
3 342 (4.97%) SC Cleared
4 293 (4.26%) AWS Certification
5 270 (3.92%) Computer Science Degree
6 91 (1.32%) Microsoft Certification
7 47 (0.68%) Cisco Certification
8 43 (0.62%) DV Cleared
9 36 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
10 35 (0.51%) Master's Degree
11 34 (0.49%) OSCP
12 32 (0.47%) CISSP
13 25 (0.36%) PMI Certification
14 24 (0.35%) ITIL Certification
15 23 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
16 21 (0.31%) (ISC)2 CCSP
16 21 (0.31%) CEH
17 20 (0.29%) MCSE
18 18 (0.26%) RHCE
19 15 (0.22%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 340 (4.94%) QA
2 158 (2.30%) SLA
3 127 (1.85%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 108 (1.57%) GDPR
5 87 (1.26%) PCI DSS
5 87 (1.26%) SOC 2
6 55 (0.80%) Accessibility
7 39 (0.57%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 35 (0.51%) GRC
9 33 (0.48%) NIST
10 32 (0.47%) Data Quality
11 25 (0.36%) HIPAA
11 25 (0.36%) NCSC
12 21 (0.31%) SOC 1
13 18 (0.26%) GxP
14 17 (0.25%) RMADS
15 14 (0.20%) IASME
16 9 (0.13%) PA-DSS
17 8 (0.12%) FISMA
17 8 (0.12%) HITRUST
System Software
1 3,058 (44.44%) Docker
2 202 (2.94%) Active Directory
3 148 (2.15%) VMware Infrastructure
4 135 (1.96%) Virtual Machines
5 48 (0.70%) vSphere
6 44 (0.64%) VMware ESXi
7 35 (0.51%) KVM
8 29 (0.42%) Hyper-V
9 27 (0.39%) LXC
10 21 (0.31%) Virtual Desktop
11 20 (0.29%) Virtual Servers
12 18 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 17 (0.25%) Xen
14 13 (0.19%) ISA Server
15 12 (0.17%) Ceph
16 10 (0.15%) zsh
17 8 (0.12%) Microsoft Virtual Server
17 8 (0.12%) NFS
18 7 (0.10%) XenApp
18 7 (0.10%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 4,540 (65.98%) Terraform
2 3,519 (51.14%) Kubernetes
3 1,842 (26.77%) Ansible
4 756 (10.99%) Puppet
5 614 (8.92%) Opscode Chef
6 556 (8.08%) Prometheus
7 418 (6.07%) Grafana
8 211 (3.07%) Kibana
9 171 (2.49%) Consul
10 160 (2.33%) Istio
11 137 (1.99%) logstash
12 125 (1.82%) Automic
13 121 (1.76%) Packer
14 85 (1.24%) Rancher
15 57 (0.83%) Nagios
16 54 (0.78%) ZABBIX
17 44 (0.64%) Graphite
17 44 (0.64%) SCCM
18 40 (0.58%) Argo
19 33 (0.48%) Graylog
Vendors
1 815 (11.84%) Microsoft
2 683 (9.93%) Google
3 369 (5.36%) Splunk
4 185 (2.69%) VMware
5 136 (1.98%) New Relic
6 124 (1.80%) Red Hat
7 111 (1.61%) Oracle
8 102 (1.48%) Dynatrace
9 100 (1.45%) ServiceNow
10 96 (1.40%) Facebook
11 94 (1.37%) Cisco
12 78 (1.13%) TrueLayer
13 76 (1.10%) Revolut
14 71 (1.03%) Palo Alto
15 69 (1.00%) Dell
16 65 (0.94%) Salesforce.com
17 64 (0.93%) SaltStack
18 57 (0.83%) PagerDuty
19 45 (0.65%) SAP
20 43 (0.62%) Atlassian