Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
UK
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 96 201 283
Rank change year-on-year +105 +82 +132
Permanent jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 3,776 1,198 1,749
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.34% 1.74% 1.21%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.57% 1.87% 1.31%
Number of salaries quoted 2,522 1,002 1,259
10th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £41,250
25th Percentile £55,000 £54,063 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year - +3.70% +12.50%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £98,750 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +10.00%

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 105,854 64,027 133,460
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 93.76% 92.78% 92.68%
Number of salaries quoted 72,195 51,873 106,459
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,000 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code.

Salary trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the UK over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +100 3,415 £70,000 - 688
UK excluding London +136 1,764 £60,000 +4.35% 324
London +49 1,756 £80,000 +3.23% 394
Work from Home +40 842 £65,000 - 181
North of England +152 670 £60,000 +9.09% 116
South East +83 370 £65,000 -7.14% 57
Yorkshire +91 315 £60,000 +9.09% 38
North West +98 300 £60,000 +2.13% 73
Midlands +59 258 £65,000 +17.83% 68
South West +56 253 £57,500 +11.45% 29
West Midlands +61 200 £65,000 +8.33% 48
Scotland -2 120 £60,000 +20.00% 25
East Midlands -5 57 £57,500 +27.78% 20
North East +25 55 £55,000 +22.22% 5
East of England -62 43 £57,500 -4.17% 17
Northern Ireland - 37 £80,000 - 3
Wales -30 16 £60,700 +34.89% 10
Isle of Man - 1 £69,000 -

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 2,915 (77.20%) DevOps
2 2,619 (69.36%) Terraform
3 2,494 (66.05%) AWS
4 1,897 (50.24%) Azure
5 1,891 (50.08%) Kubernetes
6 1,860 (49.26%) Docker
7 1,509 (39.96%) Python
8 1,499 (39.70%) Agile Software Development
9 1,134 (30.03%) Linux
10 1,088 (28.81%) Ansible
11 1,055 (27.94%) Jenkins
12 766 (20.29%) AWS CloudFormation
13 737 (19.52%) PowerShell
14 723 (19.15%) Serverless
15 719 (19.04%) Puppet
16 707 (18.72%) Java
17 704 (18.64%) Microservices
18 675 (17.88%) Bash Shell
19 663 (17.56%) Windows
20 656 (17.37%) GCP
21 647 (17.13%) Configuration Management
22 626 (16.58%) Software Engineering
23 609 (16.13%) Microsoft
24 592 (15.68%) Problem-Solving
25 554 (14.67%) Finance
26 534 (14.14%) JavaScript
27 528 (13.98%) Git (software)
28 522 (13.82%) SQL
29 509 (13.48%) Continuous Integration
30 504 (13.35%) Opscode Chef

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 151 (4.00%) Confluence
2 103 (2.73%) Elasticsearch
3 86 (2.28%) Apache Airflow
4 69 (1.83%) Apache
5 40 (1.06%) Cloud Foundry
6 35 (0.93%) Apache Spark
7 32 (0.85%) nginx
8 29 (0.77%) IIS
9 19 (0.50%) MS Exchange
9 19 (0.50%) OpenStack
10 18 (0.48%) Tomcat
11 13 (0.34%) Apache Pulsar
12 9 (0.24%) WebLogic
13 8 (0.21%) BizTalk Server
13 8 (0.21%) Traefik
14 7 (0.19%) SharePoint
15 6 (0.16%) Luigi
16 5 (0.13%) CloudStack
16 5 (0.13%) NServiceBus
17 4 (0.11%) GemFire
Applications
1 5 (0.13%) Adobe XD
1 5 (0.13%) Chatbot
1 5 (0.13%) Figma
1 5 (0.13%) Sketch
2 2 (0.053%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.026%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.026%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 17 (0.45%) Sentinel
2 10 (0.26%) R3 Corda
3 9 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.079%) Infor M3
4 3 (0.079%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.079%) Oracle ERP
4 3 (0.079%) PeopleSoft HCM
5 2 (0.053%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.053%) Oracle CRM
6 1 (0.026%) Dynamics GP
6 1 (0.026%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 2,494 (66.05%) AWS
2 1,897 (50.24%) Azure
3 766 (20.29%) AWS CloudFormation
4 723 (19.15%) Serverless
5 656 (17.37%) GCP
6 479 (12.69%) PaaS
7 383 (10.14%) SaaS
8 374 (9.90%) AWS Lambda
9 351 (9.30%) IaaS
10 323 (8.55%) Amazon ECS
11 264 (6.99%) Amazon EKS
12 212 (5.61%) Azure Active Directory
13 203 (5.38%) GitHub
14 200 (5.30%) Amazon S3
15 168 (4.45%) Pulumi
16 153 (4.05%) Cloud Computing
17 129 (3.42%) Amazon EC2
18 115 (3.05%) Datadog
19 112 (2.97%) Azure Cosmos DB
20 105 (2.78%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 245 (6.49%) Firewall
2 139 (3.68%) TCP/IP
3 118 (3.13%) Network Security
4 113 (2.99%) VPN
5 88 (2.33%) DNS
6 86 (2.28%) IPv4
7 78 (2.07%) HTTP
7 78 (2.07%) VLAN
8 72 (1.91%) OSPF
9 38 (1.01%) WAN
10 30 (0.79%) LAN
11 25 (0.66%) Internet
11 25 (0.66%) SSL
12 23 (0.61%) SAN
13 16 (0.42%) Broadband
13 16 (0.42%) SD-WAN
14 15 (0.40%) DHCP
15 14 (0.37%) BGP
15 14 (0.37%) WebEx
16 12 (0.32%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 296 (7.84%) PostgreSQL
2 274 (7.26%) MySQL
3 220 (5.83%) MongoDB
4 205 (5.43%) NoSQL
5 177 (4.69%) Big Data
6 176 (4.66%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 150 (3.97%) SQL Server
8 139 (3.68%) Amazon RDS
9 125 (3.31%) Redis
10 101 (2.67%) Azure SQL Database
11 88 (2.33%) MariaDB
12 79 (2.09%) Relational Database
13 53 (1.40%) BigQuery
14 50 (1.32%) Data Lake
15 48 (1.27%) Data Warehouse
16 45 (1.19%) Hadoop
17 41 (1.09%) Metadata
18 38 (1.01%) Amazon Athena
19 37 (0.98%) Amazon Aurora
20 36 (0.95%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 1,055 (27.94%) Jenkins
2 528 (13.98%) Git (software)
3 372 (9.85%) GitLab
4 296 (7.84%) JIRA
5 189 (5.01%) TeamCity
6 160 (4.24%) CircleCI
7 147 (3.89%) Octopus Deploy
8 105 (2.78%) Artifactory
9 97 (2.57%) Team Foundation Server
10 89 (2.36%) Bitbucket
11 85 (2.25%) Subversion
12 79 (2.09%) Cypress.io
13 78 (2.07%) Travis CI
14 77 (2.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 52 (1.38%) Selenium
16 41 (1.09%) Sonatype Nexus
17 40 (1.06%) git-flow
18 39 (1.03%) JMeter
19 38 (1.01%) Cucumber
20 30 (0.79%) Postman
General
1 554 (14.67%) Finance
2 412 (10.91%) Social Skills
3 175 (4.63%) Analytical Skills
4 160 (4.24%) Public Sector
5 140 (3.71%) Retail
6 127 (3.36%) Banking
7 96 (2.54%) Games
8 95 (2.52%) Marketing
9 63 (1.67%) Legal
10 57 (1.51%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 55 (1.46%) Presentation Skills
12 46 (1.22%) Financial Institution
13 41 (1.09%) Organisational Skills
14 37 (0.98%) Telecoms
15 36 (0.95%) Local Government
16 34 (0.90%) Law
17 22 (0.58%) Manufacturing
18 18 (0.48%) Advertising
18 18 (0.48%) Electronics
19 17 (0.45%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,472 (38.98%) DevOps Engineer
2 502 (13.29%) AWS Engineer
3 459 (12.16%) Cloud Engineer
4 379 (10.04%) Azure Engineer
5 367 (9.72%) Senior DevOps
6 363 (9.61%) Senior DevOps Engineer
7 355 (9.40%) Developer
8 336 (8.90%) AWS DevOps
9 321 (8.50%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 314 (8.32%) Platform Engineer
11 244 (6.46%) Architect
12 214 (5.67%) Software Engineer
13 193 (5.11%) Site Reliability Engineer
14 178 (4.71%) Azure DevOps Engineer
15 165 (4.37%) Site Engineer
16 141 (3.73%) Infrastructure Engineer
17 134 (3.55%) Azure DevOps
18 94 (2.49%) Security Engineer
19 93 (2.46%) Kubernetes Engineer
20 88 (2.33%) Senior Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 393 (10.41%) React
2 362 (9.59%) Node.js
3 359 (9.51%) Web Services
4 350 (9.27%) .NET
5 186 (4.93%) Kafka
6 171 (4.53%) REST
7 156 (4.13%) GraphQL
8 144 (3.81%) .NET Core
9 139 (3.68%) AngularJS
9 139 (3.68%) Elastic Stack
10 122 (3.23%) CSS
11 104 (2.75%) OAuth
12 101 (2.67%) OAuth2
13 89 (2.36%) HTML
14 85 (2.25%) RESTful
15 71 (1.88%) Spring
16 58 (1.54%) Redux
17 54 (1.43%) Middleware
18 50 (1.32%) React Native
19 49 (1.30%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 326 (8.63%) Public Cloud
2 237 (6.28%) Cloud Native
3 223 (5.91%) Greenfield Project
4 129 (3.42%) Linux Command Line
5 126 (3.34%) Data Centre
6 121 (3.20%) Hybrid Cloud
7 81 (2.15%) User Experience
8 71 (1.88%) Mobile App
9 70 (1.85%) Private Cloud
10 68 (1.80%) Blog
10 68 (1.80%) Enterprise Cloud
11 63 (1.67%) Legacy Systems
12 54 (1.43%) NHS
13 49 (1.30%) Self-Motivation
14 39 (1.03%) Algorithms
14 39 (1.03%) Hedge funds
15 35 (0.93%) Data Structures
16 33 (0.87%) Virtual Team
17 32 (0.85%) Tandem
18 28 (0.74%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 1,134 (30.03%) Linux
2 663 (17.56%) Windows
3 190 (5.03%) Windows Server
4 186 (4.93%) Unix
5 94 (2.49%) CentOS
6 81 (2.15%) Ubuntu
7 65 (1.72%) Windows Server 2016
8 59 (1.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 24 (0.64%) Windows Server 2012
10 23 (0.61%) Android
11 20 (0.53%) Apple iOS
12 19 (0.50%) Windows Server 2019
13 17 (0.45%) Mesosphere
14 13 (0.34%) VMS
15 11 (0.29%) Data ONTAP
16 10 (0.26%) Amazon Linux
17 9 (0.24%) Debian
17 9 (0.24%) Windows 10
18 7 (0.19%) Solaris
18 7 (0.19%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,915 (77.20%) DevOps
2 1,499 (39.70%) Agile Software Development
3 704 (18.64%) Microservices
4 647 (17.13%) Configuration Management
5 626 (16.58%) Software Engineering
6 592 (15.68%) Problem-Solving
7 509 (13.48%) Continuous Integration
8 491 (13.00%) Site Reliability Engineering
9 385 (10.20%) Scrum
10 384 (10.17%) Analytics
11 383 (10.14%) Test Automation
12 316 (8.37%) TDD
13 299 (7.92%) Machine Learning
14 297 (7.87%) Mentoring
15 295 (7.81%) SDLC
16 293 (7.76%) Deployment Automation
17 292 (7.73%) Migration
18 269 (7.12%) Fintech
19 267 (7.07%) Infrastructure Engineering
20 265 (7.02%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 1,509 (39.96%) Python
2 737 (19.52%) PowerShell
3 707 (18.72%) Java
4 675 (17.88%) Bash Shell
5 534 (14.14%) JavaScript
6 522 (13.82%) SQL
7 470 (12.45%) Go
8 455 (12.05%) C#
9 364 (9.64%) Ruby
10 297 (7.87%) TypeScript
11 148 (3.92%) PHP
12 122 (3.23%) Groovy
13 99 (2.62%) Perl
14 85 (2.25%) Scala
15 76 (2.01%) C++
16 66 (1.75%) ES6
17 59 (1.56%) C
18 55 (1.46%) Rust
19 46 (1.22%) T-SQL
20 45 (1.19%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 368 (9.75%) Security Cleared
2 319 (8.45%) SC Cleared
3 190 (5.03%) Degree
4 163 (4.32%) AWS Certification
5 51 (1.35%) Computer Science Degree
6 34 (0.90%) Microsoft Certification
7 31 (0.82%) RHCE
8 27 (0.72%) DV Cleared
9 26 (0.69%) GIAC
10 17 (0.45%) Cisco Certification
11 13 (0.34%) CCNA
12 12 (0.32%) CISSP
12 12 (0.32%) ITIL Certification
13 9 (0.24%) Numerate Degree
13 9 (0.24%) RHCSA
13 9 (0.24%) TOGAF Certification
14 7 (0.19%) MCSA
14 7 (0.19%) Oracle Certification
15 6 (0.16%) Master's Degree
16 5 (0.13%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 109 (2.89%) QA
2 73 (1.93%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 57 (1.51%) GDPR
4 31 (0.82%) SLA
5 16 (0.42%) NIST
6 10 (0.26%) Data Quality
6 10 (0.26%) PCI DSS
7 9 (0.24%) PSD2
8 6 (0.16%) Accessibility
9 5 (0.13%) COBIT
10 4 (0.11%) SOC 2
11 3 (0.079%) ISO 9001
12 2 (0.053%) Cyber Essentials
12 2 (0.053%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 1 (0.026%) HIPAA
13 1 (0.026%) IASME
13 1 (0.026%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 1 (0.026%) PMO
System Software
1 1,860 (49.26%) Docker
2 213 (5.64%) VMware Infrastructure
3 200 (5.30%) Active Directory
4 83 (2.20%) Virtual Machines
5 81 (2.15%) VMware ESXi
6 33 (0.87%) vSphere
7 31 (0.82%) Hyper-V
8 19 (0.50%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 11 (0.29%) etcd
10 9 (0.24%) Virtual Desktop
10 9 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
10 9 (0.24%) VMware NSX
11 7 (0.19%) HDFS
11 7 (0.19%) NFS
11 7 (0.19%) Xen
12 3 (0.079%) LXC
13 2 (0.053%) Ceph
13 2 (0.053%) Gluster
13 2 (0.053%) OpenAM
13 2 (0.053%) zsh
Systems Management
1 2,619 (69.36%) Terraform
2 1,891 (50.08%) Kubernetes
3 1,088 (28.81%) Ansible
4 719 (19.04%) Puppet
5 504 (13.35%) Opscode Chef
6 379 (10.04%) Prometheus
7 330 (8.74%) Grafana
8 75 (1.99%) Packer
9 61 (1.62%) Consul
10 47 (1.24%) Kibana
11 46 (1.22%) SCCM
12 45 (1.19%) Rancher
13 35 (0.93%) CFEngine
14 34 (0.90%) ZABBIX
15 29 (0.77%) Nagios
16 27 (0.72%) Salt
17 24 (0.64%) Istio
18 21 (0.56%) Mesos
18 21 (0.56%) Single Sign-On
19 20 (0.53%) logstash
Vendors
1 609 (16.13%) Microsoft
2 331 (8.77%) Google
3 248 (6.57%) VMware
4 215 (5.69%) Oracle
5 147 (3.89%) SaltStack
6 124 (3.28%) Splunk
7 99 (2.62%) New Relic
8 98 (2.60%) Red Hat
9 96 (2.54%) EnterpriseDB
10 63 (1.67%) Cisco
11 45 (1.19%) Atlassian
12 25 (0.66%) IBM
13 22 (0.58%) Meraki
14 21 (0.56%) NetApp
15 20 (0.53%) Citrix
16 19 (0.50%) Dynatrace
17 18 (0.48%) AppDynamics
17 18 (0.48%) CheckPoint
17 18 (0.48%) Databricks
18 17 (0.45%) SAP