Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 103 241 316
Rank change year-on-year +138 +75 +134
Permanent jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 2,478 1,535 1,541
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.98% 1.35% 1.04%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.23% 1.46% 1.12%
Number of salaries quoted 1,932 1,230 1,144
10th Percentile £40,000 £43,750 £42,500
25th Percentile £52,500 £53,715 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year -7.14% +3.70% +12.50%
75th Percentile £83,750 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £100,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £56,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +7.14% -6.67% +14.29%

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 76,792 104,892 137,408
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.47% 92.14% 92.30%
Number of salaries quoted 59,116 84,257 109,289
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code.

Salary trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +133 2,256 £65,000 -10.34% 471
UK excluding London +189 1,242 £60,000 +7.14% 277
London +96 1,110 £77,500 -3.13% 223
Work from Home +85 601 £60,000 -17.24% 130
North of England +176 506 £60,000 +9.09% 92
Yorkshire +137 302 £60,000 +9.09% 37
South East +139 221 £60,000 -17.24% 53
South West +114 186 £55,000 +8.91% 37
North West +98 182 £55,000 - 48
Midlands +72 157 £62,500 +13.64% 36
West Midlands +43 105 £62,500 +12.96% 26
Scotland +57 101 £55,000 -8.33% 18
East Midlands +47 49 £63,750 +41.67% 10
East of England +12 36 £62,500 +4.17% 27
Wales +41 28 £47,500 -13.64% 13
North East +30 22 £55,000 +46.67% 7
Northern Ireland - 8 £52,500 - 2

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 1,978 (79.82%) DevOps
2 1,608 (64.89%) Terraform
3 1,520 (61.34%) AWS
4 1,258 (50.77%) Docker
5 1,182 (47.70%) Kubernetes
6 1,158 (46.73%) Azure
7 965 (38.94%) Python
8 858 (34.62%) Agile Software Development
9 846 (34.14%) Linux
10 841 (33.94%) Ansible
11 591 (23.85%) Jenkins
12 565 (22.80%) Puppet
13 551 (22.24%) Windows
14 505 (20.38%) Microsoft
15 492 (19.85%) Continuous Integration
16 477 (19.25%) PowerShell
17 445 (17.96%) SQL
18 442 (17.84%) Configuration Management
19 441 (17.80%) Bash Shell
20 425 (17.15%) Opscode Chef
21 419 (16.91%) Java
22 390 (15.74%) Serverless
23 368 (14.85%) Microservices
24 362 (14.61%) GCP
25 357 (14.41%) AWS CloudFormation
26 321 (12.95%) Site Reliability Engineering
27 312 (12.59%) Finance
28 306 (12.35%) Software Engineering
29 305 (12.31%) Go
30 298 (12.03%) Continuous Delivery

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 118 (4.76%) Confluence
2 93 (3.75%) Apache
3 65 (2.62%) Elasticsearch
4 55 (2.22%) Apache Airflow
5 38 (1.53%) Apache Spark
5 38 (1.53%) IIS
6 31 (1.25%) nginx
7 18 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
8 14 (0.56%) OpenStack
8 14 (0.56%) Tomcat
9 11 (0.44%) SharePoint
10 7 (0.28%) CloudStack
10 7 (0.28%) MS Exchange
11 5 (0.20%) Apache Pulsar
11 5 (0.20%) Exchange Server 2013
12 4 (0.16%) BizTalk Server
12 4 (0.16%) GlassFish
12 4 (0.16%) WebLogic
13 3 (0.12%) GemFire
13 3 (0.12%) WebSphere
Applications
1 1 (0.040%) Chatbot
1 1 (0.040%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 19 (0.77%) R3 Corda
2 4 (0.16%) Sentinel
3 3 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
3 3 (0.12%) Infor M3
4 2 (0.081%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.081%) Shopify
5 1 (0.040%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.040%) PeopleSoft HCM
Cloud Services
1 1,520 (61.34%) AWS
2 1,158 (46.73%) Azure
3 390 (15.74%) Serverless
4 362 (14.61%) GCP
5 357 (14.41%) AWS CloudFormation
6 237 (9.56%) PaaS
7 215 (8.68%) AWS Lambda
8 212 (8.56%) Amazon EKS
9 201 (8.11%) SaaS
10 189 (7.63%) IaaS
11 169 (6.82%) Amazon ECS
12 138 (5.57%) GitHub
13 135 (5.45%) Pulumi
14 105 (4.24%) Amazon EC2
15 101 (4.08%) Azure Active Directory
16 99 (4.00%) Datadog
17 92 (3.71%) Amazon S3
18 71 (2.87%) Microsoft 365
19 68 (2.74%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 48 (1.94%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 222 (8.96%) Firewall
2 83 (3.35%) TCP/IP
2 83 (3.35%) VPN
3 74 (2.99%) IPv4
3 74 (2.99%) VLAN
4 67 (2.70%) DNS
5 61 (2.46%) Network Security
5 61 (2.46%) OSPF
6 48 (1.94%) HTTP
7 27 (1.09%) WAN
8 18 (0.73%) LAN
9 17 (0.69%) FTP
10 12 (0.48%) SMTP
11 10 (0.40%) Internet
11 10 (0.40%) MPLS
12 9 (0.36%) IMAP
13 8 (0.32%) BIG-IP
13 8 (0.32%) SAN
13 8 (0.32%) SSL
14 7 (0.28%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 205 (8.27%) MySQL
2 170 (6.86%) PostgreSQL
3 155 (6.26%) MongoDB
4 134 (5.41%) SQL Server
5 118 (4.76%) Big Data
6 93 (3.75%) Cosmos DB
7 88 (3.55%) Redis
8 84 (3.39%) Azure SQL Database
9 82 (3.31%) Amazon RDS
10 73 (2.95%) NoSQL
11 70 (2.82%) MariaDB
12 52 (2.10%) Relational Database
13 50 (2.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 33 (1.33%) BigQuery
15 29 (1.17%) Data Warehouse
16 25 (1.01%) Apache Cassandra
16 25 (1.01%) Hadoop
17 23 (0.93%) Blockchain
18 21 (0.85%) Data Lake
19 17 (0.69%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 591 (23.85%) Jenkins
2 298 (12.03%) Git (software)
3 209 (8.43%) GitLab
4 174 (7.02%) JIRA
5 134 (5.41%) TeamCity
6 105 (4.24%) Octopus Deploy
7 92 (3.71%) Artifactory
8 82 (3.31%) Subversion
9 72 (2.91%) CircleCI
10 63 (2.54%) Team Foundation Server
11 60 (2.42%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 52 (2.10%) Bitbucket
13 47 (1.90%) Travis CI
14 28 (1.13%) Cypress.io
15 22 (0.89%) Gradle
16 19 (0.77%) Maven
17 16 (0.65%) Sonatype Nexus
18 15 (0.61%) Gerrit
18 15 (0.61%) SonarQube
19 14 (0.56%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 312 (12.59%) Finance
2 117 (4.72%) Public Sector
3 99 (4.00%) Games
4 78 (3.15%) Banking
5 77 (3.11%) Marketing
6 65 (2.62%) Retail
7 36 (1.45%) Law
7 36 (1.45%) Legal
8 28 (1.13%) Telecoms
9 25 (1.01%) Financial Institution
10 22 (0.89%) Electronics
10 22 (0.89%) Manufacturing
11 15 (0.61%) Publishing
12 13 (0.52%) Local Government
13 12 (0.48%) Advertising
13 12 (0.48%) Billing
14 10 (0.40%) Military
15 8 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
16 7 (0.28%) Investment Banking
17 5 (0.20%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 1,037 (41.85%) DevOps Engineer
2 428 (17.27%) AWS Engineer
3 364 (14.69%) Azure Engineer
4 335 (13.52%) AWS DevOps
5 314 (12.67%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 299 (12.07%) Platform Engineer
7 236 (9.52%) Senior DevOps
8 235 (9.48%) Cloud Engineer
9 224 (9.04%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 184 (7.43%) Architect
11 174 (7.02%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 132 (5.33%) Developer
13 118 (4.76%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 111 (4.48%) Site Reliability Engineer
15 108 (4.36%) Azure DevOps
16 93 (3.75%) Kubernetes Engineer
17 86 (3.47%) Site Engineer
18 76 (3.07%) Lead DevOps
19 74 (2.99%) Software Engineer
20 73 (2.95%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 232 (9.36%) Web Services
2 207 (8.35%) .NET
3 165 (6.66%) Kafka
3 165 (6.66%) Node.js
4 134 (5.41%) React
5 99 (4.00%) Elastic Stack
6 82 (3.31%) .NET Core
7 73 (2.95%) AngularJS
8 55 (2.22%) Velocity
9 49 (1.98%) Apache Flex
10 47 (1.90%) RESTful
11 43 (1.74%) CSS
12 41 (1.65%) REST
13 30 (1.21%) Vue.js
14 29 (1.17%) RabbitMQ
14 29 (1.17%) YAML
15 28 (1.13%) Spring
16 27 (1.09%) ASP.NET Web API
17 26 (1.05%) Lambda Expressions
17 26 (1.05%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 217 (8.76%) Public Cloud
2 200 (8.07%) Greenfield Project
3 130 (5.25%) Cloud Native
4 119 (4.80%) Linux Command Line
5 106 (4.28%) Hybrid Cloud
6 85 (3.43%) Data Centre
7 78 (3.15%) Analytical Skills
8 74 (2.99%) Enterprise Cloud
9 43 (1.74%) Private Cloud
10 41 (1.65%) Mobile App
11 37 (1.49%) PKI
12 36 (1.45%) NHS
13 32 (1.29%) Blog
14 24 (0.97%) EPoS
15 21 (0.85%) Self-Motivation
16 18 (0.73%) Data Structures
16 18 (0.73%) Virtual Team
17 17 (0.69%) Management Information System
18 13 (0.52%) Hedge funds
19 11 (0.44%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 846 (34.14%) Linux
2 551 (22.24%) Windows
3 194 (7.83%) Windows Server
4 136 (5.49%) Unix
5 100 (4.04%) CentOS
6 81 (3.27%) Ubuntu
7 62 (2.50%) Windows Server 2016
8 41 (1.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 25 (1.01%) Windows Server 2012
10 17 (0.69%) Android
10 17 (0.69%) Windows Server 2019
11 15 (0.61%) Apple iOS
12 10 (0.40%) CoreOS
12 10 (0.40%) VMS
12 10 (0.40%) zOS
13 7 (0.28%) Amazon Linux
14 5 (0.20%) Windows 10
15 3 (0.12%) Debian
15 3 (0.12%) SUSE
16 2 (0.081%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,978 (79.82%) DevOps
2 858 (34.62%) Agile Software Development
3 492 (19.85%) Continuous Integration
4 442 (17.84%) Configuration Management
5 368 (14.85%) Microservices
6 321 (12.95%) Site Reliability Engineering
7 306 (12.35%) Software Engineering
8 298 (12.03%) Continuous Delivery
9 296 (11.95%) Problem-Solving
10 259 (10.45%) Migration
11 245 (9.89%) Scrum
12 233 (9.40%) DevSecOps
13 221 (8.92%) Machine Learning
14 214 (8.64%) Analytics
15 210 (8.47%) TDD
16 202 (8.15%) Test Automation
17 194 (7.83%) Data Science
18 192 (7.75%) Deployment Automation
19 188 (7.59%) Fintech
20 185 (7.47%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 965 (38.94%) Python
2 477 (19.25%) PowerShell
3 445 (17.96%) SQL
4 441 (17.80%) Bash Shell
5 419 (16.91%) Java
6 305 (12.31%) Go
7 279 (11.26%) C#
8 262 (10.57%) JavaScript
9 244 (9.85%) Ruby
10 113 (4.56%) TypeScript
11 105 (4.24%) PHP
12 98 (3.95%) Groovy
13 55 (2.22%) Perl
14 43 (1.74%) T-SQL
15 38 (1.53%) Scala
16 31 (1.25%) C
17 26 (1.05%) Shell Script
18 23 (0.93%) C++
19 21 (0.85%) ES6
20 12 (0.48%) R
Qualifications
1 169 (6.82%) Security Cleared
2 132 (5.33%) SC Cleared
3 127 (5.13%) AWS Certification
4 69 (2.78%) Degree
5 29 (1.17%) ITIL Certification
6 27 (1.09%) DV Cleared
7 24 (0.97%) Computer Science Degree
7 24 (0.97%) GIAC
7 24 (0.97%) RHCE
8 16 (0.65%) Microsoft Certification
9 13 (0.52%) Cisco Certification
10 8 (0.32%) CCIE
11 7 (0.28%) CCNP
12 6 (0.24%) CISSP
13 5 (0.20%) CISM
14 4 (0.16%) CCNA
14 4 (0.16%) CISA
14 4 (0.16%) Oracle Certification
14 4 (0.16%) TOGAF Certification
15 3 (0.12%) ISSAP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 45 (1.82%) QA
2 42 (1.69%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 35 (1.41%) GDPR
4 25 (1.01%) NIST
5 12 (0.48%) PCI DSS
6 10 (0.40%) Data Quality
7 9 (0.36%) SOC 2
8 6 (0.24%) HIPAA
9 5 (0.20%) Dodd-Frank
9 5 (0.20%) EMIR
9 5 (0.20%) MiFID
9 5 (0.20%) NCSC
9 5 (0.20%) NIST 800
9 5 (0.20%) SLA
10 4 (0.16%) SOC 1
11 3 (0.12%) COBIT
11 3 (0.12%) ISO 22301
11 3 (0.12%) ISO 9001
12 1 (0.040%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 1 (0.040%) WCAG
System Software
1 1,258 (50.77%) Docker
2 187 (7.55%) VMware Infrastructure
3 159 (6.42%) Active Directory
4 75 (3.03%) VMware ESXi
5 58 (2.34%) Virtual Machines
6 29 (1.17%) Hyper-V
7 16 (0.65%) vSphere
8 9 (0.36%) HDFS
9 8 (0.32%) VMware NSX
9 8 (0.32%) Xen
10 5 (0.20%) LXC
10 5 (0.20%) Postfix
11 4 (0.16%) KVM
12 3 (0.12%) NFS
12 3 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
12 3 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
13 2 (0.081%) OpenAM
14 1 (0.040%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 1 (0.040%) Gluster
14 1 (0.040%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 1,608 (64.89%) Terraform
2 1,182 (47.70%) Kubernetes
3 841 (33.94%) Ansible
4 565 (22.80%) Puppet
5 425 (17.15%) Opscode Chef
6 218 (8.80%) Prometheus
7 203 (8.19%) Grafana
8 67 (2.70%) Packer
9 39 (1.57%) Rancher
9 39 (1.57%) ZABBIX
10 35 (1.41%) SCCM
11 27 (1.09%) Consul
12 26 (1.05%) Nagios
13 24 (0.97%) CFEngine
13 24 (0.97%) Microsoft Intune
14 20 (0.81%) Graylog
15 19 (0.77%) Salt
16 18 (0.73%) Docker Swarm
17 17 (0.69%) Graphite
18 16 (0.65%) Kibana
Vendors
1 505 (20.38%) Microsoft
2 232 (9.36%) VMware
3 226 (9.12%) Google
4 194 (7.83%) Oracle
5 138 (5.57%) EnterpriseDB
6 132 (5.33%) SaltStack
7 79 (3.19%) New Relic
8 69 (2.78%) Red Hat
9 60 (2.42%) Splunk
10 58 (2.34%) Cisco
11 43 (1.74%) Atlassian
12 22 (0.89%) Dynatrace
12 22 (0.89%) SAP
13 21 (0.85%) Meraki
14 18 (0.73%) Citrix
15 16 (0.65%) Databricks
16 14 (0.56%) AppDynamics
17 13 (0.52%) F5
17 13 (0.52%) SolarWinds
18 11 (0.44%) CheckPoint