Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
UK
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 96 152 261
Rank change year-on-year +56 +109 +142
Permanent jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 4,225 1,101 1,762
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.32% 2.22% 1.29%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.53% 2.38% 1.39%
Number of salaries quoted 2,947 918 1,287
10th Percentile £47,500 £42,500 £42,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £51,250 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £65,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +11.54% -7.14% +7.69%
75th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £91,625 £97,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% -4.17% +9.09%

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 119,742 46,190 126,882
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.19% 93.06% 92.60%
Number of salaries quoted 79,117 38,578 101,498
10th Percentile £32,750 £32,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £70,077
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.04% +8.89% -

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code.

Salary trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the UK over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +55 3,723 £72,500 +7.41% 685
London +33 1,980 £80,000 +10.34% 366
UK excluding London +67 1,842 £60,000 +4.35% 379
Work from Home +15 1,048 £65,000 +18.18% 171
North of England +58 705 £60,000 +2.56% 121
South East +29 380 £66,000 +10.00% 70
North West +54 335 £60,000 +2.56% 71
Midlands +38 318 £65,000 +4.00% 54
Yorkshire +30 302 £60,000 - 35
West Midlands +24 228 £67,500 +3.85% 31
South West +15 204 £60,000 +14.29% 42
Scotland 0 132 £57,500 +5.02% 43
East Midlands 0 90 £58,750 +20.51% 23
North East +18 70 £55,000 +10.00% 15
East of England -80 49 £57,500 -23.33% 29
Northern Ireland -4 40 £80,000 +14.29% 1
Wales -59 22 £66,250 +39.47% 20
Isle of Man - 1 £69,000 -

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 3,125 (73.96%) DevOps
2 3,017 (71.41%) Terraform
3 2,855 (67.57%) AWS
4 2,205 (52.19%) Azure
5 2,079 (49.21%) Kubernetes
6 1,933 (45.75%) Docker
7 1,754 (41.51%) Agile Software Development
8 1,664 (39.38%) Python
9 1,195 (28.28%) Ansible
10 1,185 (28.05%) Jenkins
11 1,160 (27.46%) Linux
12 922 (21.82%) AWS CloudFormation
13 855 (20.24%) GCP
14 804 (19.03%) Java
15 782 (18.51%) Microservices
16 779 (18.44%) Serverless
17 765 (18.11%) PowerShell
18 758 (17.94%) Software Engineering
19 742 (17.56%) Puppet
20 709 (16.78%) Configuration Management
21 688 (16.28%) Problem-Solving
22 682 (16.14%) Bash Shell
23 643 (15.22%) SQL
24 638 (15.10%) Windows
25 625 (14.79%) Finance
26 619 (14.65%) JavaScript
27 613 (14.51%) Opscode Chef
28 559 (13.23%) Social Skills
29 558 (13.21%) Go
30 552 (13.07%) Microsoft

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 126 (2.98%) Confluence
2 99 (2.34%) Elasticsearch
3 79 (1.87%) Apache Airflow
4 71 (1.68%) Apache
5 54 (1.28%) Apache Spark
6 32 (0.76%) nginx
7 29 (0.69%) IIS
8 22 (0.52%) OpenStack
9 21 (0.50%) Cloud Foundry
10 20 (0.47%) MS Exchange
11 11 (0.26%) Apache Pulsar
11 11 (0.26%) SharePoint
12 10 (0.24%) WebLogic
13 9 (0.21%) Tomcat
13 9 (0.21%) Traefik
14 6 (0.14%) Luigi
15 5 (0.12%) CMS
15 5 (0.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 4 (0.095%) Exchange Server 2013
16 4 (0.095%) SAS
Applications
1 12 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (0.14%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.12%) Adobe XD
3 5 (0.12%) Chatbot
3 5 (0.12%) Figma
3 5 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (0.12%) Sketch
4 2 (0.047%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 13 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
2 12 (0.28%) Sentinel
3 3 (0.071%) Summit
4 2 (0.047%) Distributed Ledger
4 2 (0.047%) NetSuite
4 2 (0.047%) Oracle CRM
4 2 (0.047%) R3 Corda
5 1 (0.024%) Dynamics GP
Cloud Services
1 2,855 (67.57%) AWS
2 2,205 (52.19%) Azure
3 922 (21.82%) AWS CloudFormation
4 855 (20.24%) GCP
5 779 (18.44%) Serverless
6 490 (11.60%) PaaS
7 432 (10.22%) SaaS
8 383 (9.07%) AWS Lambda
9 364 (8.62%) IaaS
10 347 (8.21%) Amazon ECS
11 255 (6.04%) GitHub
12 244 (5.78%) Amazon S3
13 235 (5.56%) Amazon EKS
14 196 (4.64%) Azure Active Directory
15 172 (4.07%) Cloud Computing
16 165 (3.91%) Pulumi
17 155 (3.67%) Amazon EC2
18 130 (3.08%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 111 (2.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 105 (2.49%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 201 (4.76%) Firewall
2 135 (3.20%) TCP/IP
3 126 (2.98%) Network Security
4 111 (2.63%) VPN
5 101 (2.39%) DNS
6 79 (1.87%) HTTP
7 50 (1.18%) OSPF
8 39 (0.92%) IPv4
9 38 (0.90%) VLAN
10 35 (0.83%) SAN
10 35 (0.83%) WAN
11 31 (0.73%) LAN
12 26 (0.62%) Internet
13 25 (0.59%) BGP
14 23 (0.54%) Broadband
15 22 (0.52%) DHCP
15 22 (0.52%) SSL
16 18 (0.43%) WebEx
17 16 (0.38%) IPsec
18 13 (0.31%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 306 (7.24%) PostgreSQL
2 303 (7.17%) MySQL
3 257 (6.08%) NoSQL
4 219 (5.18%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 202 (4.78%) MongoDB
6 164 (3.88%) SQL Server
7 156 (3.69%) Big Data
8 151 (3.57%) Amazon RDS
9 119 (2.82%) Redis
10 107 (2.53%) Relational Database
11 102 (2.41%) Azure SQL Database
12 84 (1.99%) Data Warehouse
13 80 (1.89%) Data Lake
14 66 (1.56%) MariaDB
15 58 (1.37%) Amazon Athena
15 58 (1.37%) Amazon Aurora
16 56 (1.33%) Power BI
17 52 (1.23%) BigQuery
18 51 (1.21%) Hadoop
19 37 (0.88%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 1,185 (28.05%) Jenkins
2 527 (12.47%) Git (software)
3 408 (9.66%) GitLab
4 296 (7.01%) JIRA
5 211 (4.99%) TeamCity
6 171 (4.05%) CircleCI
7 142 (3.36%) Octopus Deploy
8 107 (2.53%) Bitbucket
9 94 (2.22%) Team Foundation Server
10 88 (2.08%) Artifactory
11 77 (1.82%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 76 (1.80%) Selenium
13 72 (1.70%) Cypress.io
14 66 (1.56%) Travis CI
15 49 (1.16%) JMeter
16 48 (1.14%) Sonatype Nexus
17 45 (1.07%) Cucumber
18 40 (0.95%) GoCD
18 40 (0.95%) SonarQube
18 40 (0.95%) SpecFlow
General
1 625 (14.79%) Finance
2 559 (13.23%) Social Skills
3 206 (4.88%) Retail
4 180 (4.26%) Analytical Skills
5 152 (3.60%) Banking
6 113 (2.67%) Public Sector
7 99 (2.34%) Games
8 95 (2.25%) Marketing
9 70 (1.66%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 62 (1.47%) Legal
11 47 (1.11%) Law
11 47 (1.11%) Publishing
12 46 (1.09%) Organisational Skills
13 45 (1.07%) Financial Institution
14 42 (0.99%) Presentation Skills
14 42 (0.99%) Telecoms
15 40 (0.95%) Manufacturing
16 36 (0.85%) Automotive
17 26 (0.62%) Documentation Skills
17 26 (0.62%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,641 (38.84%) DevOps Engineer
2 543 (12.85%) AWS Engineer
3 528 (12.50%) Cloud Engineer
4 462 (10.93%) Developer
5 373 (8.83%) Azure Engineer
6 371 (8.78%) Senior DevOps
7 368 (8.71%) Senior DevOps Engineer
8 353 (8.36%) AWS DevOps
9 346 (8.19%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 312 (7.38%) Platform Engineer
11 268 (6.34%) Software Engineer
12 252 (5.96%) Architect
13 217 (5.14%) Site Reliability Engineer
14 188 (4.45%) Site Engineer
15 180 (4.26%) Azure DevOps Engineer
16 134 (3.17%) Senior Developer
17 126 (2.98%) Infrastructure Engineer
18 124 (2.93%) Azure DevOps
18 124 (2.93%) Lead DevOps
19 121 (2.86%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 453 (10.72%) React
2 427 (10.11%) .NET
3 380 (8.99%) Web Services
4 376 (8.90%) Node.js
5 250 (5.92%) Kafka
6 234 (5.54%) ARM Templates
7 193 (4.57%) GraphQL
8 174 (4.12%) .NET Core
9 159 (3.76%) REST
10 137 (3.24%) AngularJS
11 135 (3.20%) Elastic Stack
12 129 (3.05%) HTML
13 123 (2.91%) CSS
14 109 (2.58%) OAuth
15 104 (2.46%) OAuth2
15 104 (2.46%) Spring
16 92 (2.18%) RESTful
17 85 (2.01%) YAML
18 79 (1.87%) Redux
19 78 (1.85%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 361 (8.54%) Public Cloud
2 276 (6.53%) Cloud Native
3 227 (5.37%) Greenfield Project
4 114 (2.70%) Data Centre
5 109 (2.58%) User Experience
6 97 (2.30%) Hybrid Cloud
7 93 (2.20%) Linux Command Line
8 90 (2.13%) Private Cloud
9 80 (1.89%) Mobile App
10 74 (1.75%) Enterprise Cloud
11 71 (1.68%) Self-Motivation
12 53 (1.25%) Blog
13 49 (1.16%) Legacy Systems
14 47 (1.11%) Algorithms
15 40 (0.95%) Renewable Energy
16 39 (0.92%) Tandem
17 38 (0.90%) Data Structures
18 37 (0.88%) NHS
19 36 (0.85%) Virtual Team
20 35 (0.83%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 1,160 (27.46%) Linux
2 638 (15.10%) Windows
3 202 (4.78%) Unix
4 122 (2.89%) Windows Server
5 75 (1.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 58 (1.37%) CentOS
7 50 (1.18%) Apple iOS
8 46 (1.09%) Android
9 42 (0.99%) Ubuntu
10 25 (0.59%) Mesosphere
11 18 (0.43%) Windows Server 2012
11 18 (0.43%) Windows Server 2016
12 17 (0.40%) Solaris
13 14 (0.33%) Debian
14 12 (0.28%) AIX
15 11 (0.26%) CoreOS
15 11 (0.26%) Data ONTAP
16 10 (0.24%) VMS
16 10 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
16 10 (0.24%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,125 (73.96%) DevOps
2 1,754 (41.51%) Agile Software Development
3 782 (18.51%) Microservices
4 758 (17.94%) Software Engineering
5 709 (16.78%) Configuration Management
6 688 (16.28%) Problem-Solving
7 498 (11.79%) Test Automation
8 459 (10.86%) Site Reliability Engineering
9 440 (10.41%) Continuous Integration
10 423 (10.01%) Scrum
11 422 (9.99%) Analytics
12 370 (8.76%) Deployment Automation
13 346 (8.19%) Mentoring
14 308 (7.29%) TDD
15 307 (7.27%) Migration
16 292 (6.91%) Full Stack Development
16 292 (6.91%) Open Source
17 291 (6.89%) SDLC
18 265 (6.27%) Infrastructure Engineering
19 254 (6.01%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 1,664 (39.38%) Python
2 804 (19.03%) Java
3 765 (18.11%) PowerShell
4 682 (16.14%) Bash Shell
5 643 (15.22%) SQL
6 619 (14.65%) JavaScript
7 558 (13.21%) Go
8 550 (13.02%) C#
9 364 (8.62%) Ruby
10 345 (8.17%) TypeScript
11 135 (3.20%) PHP
12 128 (3.03%) Scala
13 113 (2.67%) Groovy
14 100 (2.37%) Perl
15 89 (2.11%) C
16 70 (1.66%) C++
17 66 (1.56%) Rust
18 65 (1.54%) Kotlin
19 49 (1.16%) T-SQL
20 47 (1.11%) ES6
Qualifications
1 377 (8.92%) Security Cleared
2 337 (7.98%) SC Cleared
3 201 (4.76%) Degree
4 193 (4.57%) AWS Certification
5 67 (1.59%) Computer Science Degree
6 36 (0.85%) Microsoft Certification
7 33 (0.78%) Cisco Certification
8 23 (0.54%) RHCE
9 16 (0.38%) DV Cleared
10 15 (0.36%) Master's Degree
11 13 (0.31%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 13 (0.31%) CCNA
11 13 (0.31%) CESG Certified Professional
11 13 (0.31%) GIAC
12 11 (0.26%) Numerate Degree
13 10 (0.24%) MCSA
14 9 (0.21%) RHCSA
15 8 (0.19%) VCAP
16 6 (0.14%) BPSS Clearance
16 6 (0.14%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 166 (3.93%) QA
2 61 (1.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 49 (1.16%) GDPR
4 47 (1.11%) SLA
5 23 (0.54%) NIST
6 16 (0.38%) Data Quality
7 15 (0.36%) PSD2
8 14 (0.33%) IASME
8 14 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 13 (0.31%) PCI DSS
10 7 (0.17%) Accessibility
11 5 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 4 (0.095%) Cyber Essentials
13 3 (0.071%) NCSC
14 2 (0.047%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
14 2 (0.047%) DICOM
14 2 (0.047%) SOC 2
15 1 (0.024%) COBIT
15 1 (0.024%) ISO/IEC 20000
15 1 (0.024%) PMO
System Software
1 1,933 (45.75%) Docker
2 178 (4.21%) Active Directory
3 141 (3.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 78 (1.85%) Virtual Machines
5 47 (1.11%) VMware ESXi
6 39 (0.92%) Hyper-V
7 30 (0.71%) vSphere
8 18 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 14 (0.33%) NFS
10 11 (0.26%) etcd
11 7 (0.17%) Virtual Desktop
12 5 (0.12%) LXC
12 5 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
13 4 (0.095%) Terminal Services
13 4 (0.095%) VMware NSX
14 3 (0.071%) zsh
15 2 (0.047%) KVM
15 2 (0.047%) StorNext
15 2 (0.047%) Xsan
16 1 (0.024%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 3,017 (71.41%) Terraform
2 2,079 (49.21%) Kubernetes
3 1,195 (28.28%) Ansible
4 742 (17.56%) Puppet
5 613 (14.51%) Opscode Chef
6 357 (8.45%) Prometheus
7 309 (7.31%) Grafana
8 63 (1.49%) Istio
9 55 (1.30%) Consul
10 54 (1.28%) Kibana
11 40 (0.95%) Packer
12 37 (0.88%) CFEngine
13 35 (0.83%) SCCM
14 32 (0.76%) Rancher
15 30 (0.71%) logstash
16 28 (0.66%) Salt
17 26 (0.62%) Mesos
18 25 (0.59%) Automic
19 22 (0.52%) Nagios
20 21 (0.50%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 552 (13.07%) Microsoft
2 366 (8.66%) Google
3 221 (5.23%) Oracle
4 177 (4.19%) VMware
5 141 (3.34%) SaltStack
6 126 (2.98%) Splunk
7 101 (2.39%) New Relic
7 101 (2.39%) Red Hat
8 78 (1.85%) EnterpriseDB
9 56 (1.33%) Cisco
10 54 (1.28%) Atlassian
11 28 (0.66%) Palo Alto
12 24 (0.57%) Databricks
13 23 (0.54%) Apple
13 23 (0.54%) CheckPoint
13 23 (0.54%) LexisNexis
14 21 (0.50%) SAP
15 20 (0.47%) IBM
16 19 (0.45%) ServiceNow
17 15 (0.36%) NetApp