Period
to 27 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 27 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
UK
6 months to
27 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 163 257 401
Rank change year-on-year +94 +144 +177
Permanent jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 1,002 1,785 1,314
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.10% 1.27% 0.79%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.27% 1.38% 0.86%
Number of salaries quoted 972 1,415 1,045
Median annual salary £67,500 £70,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -3.57% +7.69% -
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £41,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £56,250 £58,125 £55,000
% change year-on-year -3.23% +5.68% -3.93%

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 44,058 129,376 152,675
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.54% 92.19% 91.88%
Number of salaries quoted 35,891 101,583 121,592
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £33,057 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code.

Salary trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 27 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the UK over the 6 months to 27 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +103 936 £67,500 -3.57% 261
London +68 562 £75,000 - 124
UK excluding London +156 418 £56,250 -3.23% 163
Work from Home +49 147 £60,000 -14.29% 52
North of England +151 122 £55,000 - 59
South East +120 103 £60,000 -10.45% 31
South West +127 62 £52,500 +5.00% 17
North West +108 62 £58,500 -6.40% 31
Yorkshire +134 46 £55,000 +7.32% 24
East of England +106 42 £67,500 +22.73% 15
Midlands +112 40 £62,500 - 15
West Midlands +95 35 £65,000 +13.04% 12
Scotland +70 29 £54,750 +25.00% 17
Wales +68 22 £47,500 -11.63% 4
North East +30 14 £47,500 +16.56% 4
East Midlands +84 5 £47,500 -26.92% 3
Northern Ireland +20 1 - - 5

For the 6 months to 27 September 2020, IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 718 (71.66%) DevOps
2 638 (63.67%) Terraform
3 626 (62.48%) AWS
4 489 (48.80%) Docker
5 441 (44.01%) Python
6 434 (43.31%) Kubernetes
7 395 (39.42%) Ansible
7 395 (39.42%) Azure
8 384 (38.32%) Agile Software Development
9 369 (36.83%) Linux
10 329 (32.83%) Jenkins
11 206 (20.56%) Continuous Integration
12 200 (19.96%) Java
13 199 (19.86%) Windows
14 194 (19.36%) PowerShell
15 185 (18.46%) Puppet
15 185 (18.46%) Microservices
16 171 (17.07%) Configuration Management
17 163 (16.27%) Opscode Chef
18 152 (15.17%) GCP
19 149 (14.87%) Microsoft
19 149 (14.87%) Bash Shell
20 148 (14.77%) AWS CloudFormation
21 146 (14.57%) Serverless
22 145 (14.47%) Finance
23 135 (13.47%) Git (software)
24 127 (12.67%) Site Reliability Engineering
25 124 (12.38%) JavaScript
26 122 (12.18%) PaaS
27 120 (11.98%) SQL

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (3.69%) Apache
2 31 (3.09%) Confluence
3 28 (2.79%) IIS
4 24 (2.40%) Elasticsearch
5 19 (1.90%) Apache Spark
6 18 (1.80%) Tomcat
7 17 (1.70%) OpenStack
8 10 (1.00%) nginx
9 8 (0.80%) MS Exchange
9 8 (0.80%) SharePoint
10 6 (0.60%) WebSphere
11 5 (0.50%) JBoss
12 3 (0.30%) Apache Solr
12 3 (0.30%) BizTalk Server
13 2 (0.20%) Cloud Foundry
13 2 (0.20%) Gluu
14 1 (0.100%) Apache Airflow
14 1 (0.100%) Drupal
14 1 (0.100%) Joomla!
14 1 (0.100%) WordPress
Applications
1 2 (0.20%) Adobe Premiere
Business Applications
1 3 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.20%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.20%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 1 (0.100%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 626 (62.48%) AWS
2 395 (39.42%) Azure
3 152 (15.17%) GCP
4 148 (14.77%) AWS CloudFormation
5 146 (14.57%) Serverless
6 122 (12.18%) PaaS
7 110 (10.98%) SaaS
8 105 (10.48%) IaaS
9 96 (9.58%) AWS Lambda
10 57 (5.69%) Amazon ECS
11 55 (5.49%) GitHub
12 54 (5.39%) Amazon S3
13 49 (4.89%) OpenShift
14 44 (4.39%) Office 365
15 42 (4.19%) Amazon EC2
16 34 (3.39%) Amazon EKS
17 32 (3.19%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 31 (3.09%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 26 (2.59%) Azure Active Directory
19 26 (2.59%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 54 (5.39%) Firewall
2 42 (4.19%) DNS
3 33 (3.29%) VPN
4 28 (2.79%) Network Security
5 23 (2.30%) TCP/IP
6 22 (2.20%) HTTP
7 19 (1.90%) Kerberos
8 18 (1.80%) Internet
8 18 (1.80%) LAN
9 15 (1.50%) WAN
10 12 (1.20%) SMTP
11 10 (1.00%) FTP
12 9 (0.90%) DHCP
12 9 (0.90%) IMAP
13 8 (0.80%) DSL
13 8 (0.80%) HTTPS
14 7 (0.70%) Remote Desktop
15 6 (0.60%) SAN
15 6 (0.60%) SSL
16 5 (0.50%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 64 (6.39%) SQL Server
2 60 (5.99%) NoSQL
3 57 (5.69%) MySQL
4 44 (4.39%) MongoDB
5 43 (4.29%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 40 (3.99%) PostgreSQL
7 34 (3.39%) Big Data
8 31 (3.09%) Amazon RDS
8 31 (3.09%) Apache Cassandra
9 27 (2.69%) Relational Database
10 18 (1.80%) Redis
11 16 (1.60%) Azure SQL Database
12 15 (1.50%) Hadoop
13 14 (1.40%) Blockchain
13 14 (1.40%) Cosmos DB
14 10 (1.00%) RDBMS
15 9 (0.90%) Amazon Athena
15 9 (0.90%) BigQuery
16 8 (0.80%) CouchDB
16 8 (0.80%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 329 (32.83%) Jenkins
2 135 (13.47%) Git (software)
3 81 (8.08%) GitLab
4 65 (6.49%) Octopus Deploy
5 62 (6.19%) TeamCity
6 58 (5.79%) JIRA
7 47 (4.69%) Bitbucket
8 37 (3.69%) Sonatype Nexus
9 30 (2.99%) Artifactory
10 27 (2.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 21 (2.10%) CircleCI
11 21 (2.10%) Team Foundation Server
12 18 (1.80%) Visual Studio Team System
13 17 (1.70%) Selenium
13 17 (1.70%) Subversion
14 16 (1.60%) Gerrit
14 16 (1.60%) Maven
14 16 (1.60%) Travis CI
14 16 (1.60%) Vagrant
15 15 (1.50%) GoCD
General
1 145 (14.47%) Finance
2 56 (5.59%) Law
3 50 (4.99%) Games
4 43 (4.29%) Banking
5 26 (2.59%) Public Sector
6 15 (1.50%) Legal
7 12 (1.20%) Retail
8 11 (1.10%) Electronics
9 10 (1.00%) Advertising
9 10 (1.00%) Investment Banking
10 7 (0.70%) Telecoms
11 4 (0.40%) Military
12 3 (0.30%) Aerospace
12 3 (0.30%) Automotive
12 3 (0.30%) Local Government
12 3 (0.30%) Manufacturing
12 3 (0.30%) Marketing
12 3 (0.30%) Police
13 2 (0.20%) Back Office
14 1 (0.100%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 448 (44.71%) DevOps Engineer
2 204 (20.36%) AWS Engineer
3 139 (13.87%) AWS DevOps
4 133 (13.27%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 98 (9.78%) Azure Engineer
5 98 (9.78%) Cloud Engineer
6 89 (8.88%) Developer
7 87 (8.68%) Senior DevOps
8 86 (8.58%) Platform Engineer
9 85 (8.48%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 78 (7.78%) Architect
11 71 (7.09%) Kubernetes Engineer
12 56 (5.59%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 55 (5.49%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 54 (5.39%) Site Reliability Engineer
15 44 (4.39%) Python Engineer
16 38 (3.79%) Linux Engineer
17 36 (3.59%) Cloud Architect
17 36 (3.59%) Full Stack Developer
17 36 (3.59%) Site Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 104 (10.38%) Node.js
2 90 (8.98%) Web Services
3 72 (7.19%) .NET
4 59 (5.89%) Kafka
5 55 (5.49%) Elastic Stack
6 52 (5.19%) React
7 32 (3.19%) LDAP
8 30 (2.99%) YAML
9 28 (2.79%) .NET Core
9 28 (2.79%) REST
10 26 (2.59%) JSON
11 23 (2.30%) Apache Cordova
11 23 (2.30%) Ionic Framework
11 23 (2.30%) NativeScript
11 23 (2.30%) PhoneGap
11 23 (2.30%) React Native
12 20 (2.00%) AngularJS
13 19 (1.90%) HTML
13 19 (1.90%) Ruby on Rails
14 16 (1.60%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 105 (10.48%) Public Cloud
2 80 (7.98%) Cloud Native
3 67 (6.69%) Greenfield Project
4 47 (4.69%) Data Centre
5 37 (3.69%) Hybrid Cloud
6 34 (3.39%) Mobile App
7 29 (2.89%) Analytical Skills
8 24 (2.40%) Virtual Team
9 22 (2.20%) PKI
10 21 (2.10%) Private Cloud
11 17 (1.70%) Linux Command Line
12 15 (1.50%) Algorithms
13 14 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
14 13 (1.30%) Self-Motivation
15 12 (1.20%) Cyberattack
15 12 (1.20%) Enterprise Cloud
15 12 (1.20%) User Experience
16 10 (1.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 10 (1.00%) Replication
17 7 (0.70%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 369 (36.83%) Linux
2 199 (19.86%) Windows
3 61 (6.09%) Windows Server
4 38 (3.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 36 (3.59%) Unix
6 35 (3.49%) CentOS
7 15 (1.50%) Ubuntu
8 14 (1.40%) CoreOS
9 12 (1.20%) Mesosphere
10 10 (1.00%) VMS
11 8 (0.80%) Windows Server 2012
12 7 (0.70%) Android
12 7 (0.70%) Windows Server 2016
13 5 (0.50%) Debian
13 5 (0.50%) Windows Server 2008
13 5 (0.50%) zOS
14 3 (0.30%) Mac OS
15 2 (0.20%) DC/OS
16 1 (0.100%) Windows 10
16 1 (0.100%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 718 (71.66%) DevOps
2 384 (38.32%) Agile Software Development
3 206 (20.56%) Continuous Integration
4 185 (18.46%) Microservices
5 171 (17.07%) Configuration Management
6 127 (12.67%) Site Reliability Engineering
7 114 (11.38%) Scrum
8 107 (10.68%) Fintech
9 106 (10.58%) TDD
10 104 (10.38%) Migration
11 90 (8.98%) Software Engineering
11 90 (8.98%) Test Automation
12 80 (7.98%) Deployment Automation
13 77 (7.68%) Continuous Deployment
13 77 (7.68%) Infrastructure Automation
14 71 (7.09%) Analytics
15 69 (6.89%) Continuous Delivery
16 68 (6.79%) Open Source
17 67 (6.69%) Machine Learning
18 66 (6.59%) Infrastructure Engineering
Programming Languages
1 441 (44.01%) Python
2 200 (19.96%) Java
3 194 (19.36%) PowerShell
4 149 (14.87%) Bash Shell
5 124 (12.38%) JavaScript
6 120 (11.98%) SQL
7 117 (11.68%) Go
8 108 (10.78%) Ruby
9 71 (7.09%) C#
10 40 (3.99%) Scala
11 38 (3.79%) Groovy
12 33 (3.29%) PHP
13 31 (3.09%) Shell Script
13 31 (3.09%) TypeScript
14 30 (2.99%) Kotlin
15 26 (2.59%) Perl
16 23 (2.30%) Clojure
17 22 (2.20%) C++
17 22 (2.20%) Elixir
18 14 (1.40%) ES6
Qualifications
1 65 (6.49%) Security Cleared
2 63 (6.29%) Degree
3 51 (5.09%) AWS Certification
4 36 (3.59%) SC Cleared
5 27 (2.69%) Computer Science Degree
6 17 (1.70%) DV Cleared
7 7 (0.70%) Microsoft Certification
8 6 (0.60%) RHCE
9 5 (0.50%) Cisco Certification
10 4 (0.40%) ITIL Certification
11 2 (0.20%) BPSS Clearance
11 2 (0.20%) CCNA
11 2 (0.20%) CCNP
11 2 (0.20%) CISSP
11 2 (0.20%) MCSE
12 1 (0.100%) CompTIA Security+
12 1 (0.100%) ECSA
12 1 (0.100%) Master's Degree
12 1 (0.100%) RHCSA
12 1 (0.100%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (3.29%) SLA
2 32 (3.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 17 (1.70%) GDPR
3 17 (1.70%) NIST
4 16 (1.60%) QA
5 12 (1.20%) NCSC
5 12 (1.20%) NIST 800
6 5 (0.50%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.100%) PMO
System Software
1 489 (48.80%) Docker
2 88 (8.78%) VMware Infrastructure
3 81 (8.08%) Active Directory
4 20 (2.00%) Hyper-V
4 20 (2.00%) vSphere
5 15 (1.50%) XenApp
6 11 (1.10%) Virtual Machines
7 8 (0.80%) GlusterFS
7 8 (0.80%) Virtual Servers
7 8 (0.80%) VirtualBox
8 6 (0.60%) Samba
8 6 (0.60%) VMware ESXi
9 5 (0.50%) DFS Replication
9 5 (0.50%) XenDesktop
10 4 (0.40%) zsh
11 3 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 3 (0.30%) iptables
12 2 (0.20%) vCloud
12 2 (0.20%) VMware NSX
13 1 (0.100%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 638 (63.67%) Terraform
2 434 (43.31%) Kubernetes
3 395 (39.42%) Ansible
4 185 (18.46%) Puppet
5 163 (16.27%) Opscode Chef
6 29 (2.89%) Prometheus
7 16 (1.60%) Consul
7 16 (1.60%) SCCM
8 15 (1.50%) Grafana
9 14 (1.40%) vCenter Server
10 13 (1.30%) Kibana
11 12 (1.20%) Automic
11 12 (1.20%) Nagios
12 10 (1.00%) vRealize
13 9 (0.90%) Docker Swarm
13 9 (0.90%) Packer
14 8 (0.80%) Hadoop YARN
14 8 (0.80%) logstash
14 8 (0.80%) Rundeck
14 8 (0.80%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 149 (14.87%) Microsoft
2 94 (9.38%) VMware
3 87 (8.68%) Google
4 63 (6.29%) Splunk
5 54 (5.39%) Red Hat
6 51 (5.09%) Oracle
7 32 (3.19%) Atlassian
8 29 (2.89%) New Relic
9 24 (2.40%) Citrix
10 12 (1.20%) Cisco
10 12 (1.20%) Dynatrace
10 12 (1.20%) SaltStack
11 11 (1.10%) EnterpriseDB
11 11 (1.10%) ServiceNow
12 10 (1.00%) Cloudera
12 10 (1.00%) Tableau
13 9 (0.90%) AppDynamics
14 8 (0.80%) Veracode
15 6 (0.60%) IBM
15 6 (0.60%) Juniper