Period
to 12 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 12 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
UK
6 months to
12 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 255 348 538
Rank change year-on-year +93 +190 +414
Permanent jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 1,698 1,432 903
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.28% 0.90% 0.50%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.39% 0.98% 0.55%
Number of salaries quoted 1,244 1,110 705
UK median annual salary £70,000 £65,250 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.28% +0.38% +18.18%
10th Percentile £46,250 £43,233 £47,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% -4.35% +13.86%

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 122,512 146,762 165,503
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.03% 92.00% 92.26%
Number of salaries quoted 97,069 116,207 131,472
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.00% +3.09%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,650 £28,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £43,500
% change year-on-year - +3.45% +2.35%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code.

Salary trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 12 December 2019.

Salary histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the UK over the 6 months to 12 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +104 1,637 £71,000 +5.19% 301
London +99 1,053 £77,500 +3.33% 149
UK excluding London +29 612 £60,000 +9.09% 172
South East +83 187 £67,500 +5.47% 37
North of England +1 149 £60,000 +11.63% 39
Midlands +81 98 £56,798 +13.60% 26
North West +34 85 £60,000 +9.09% 28
East of England +75 78 £60,000 -7.69% 29
West Midlands +55 74 £56,798 +13.60% 23
South West +8 59 £55,000 -12.00% 20
Yorkshire -37 56 £60,000 +14.29% 10
Scotland -11 32 £55,000 +29.41% 14
East Midlands +30 23 £45,000 +5.88% 3
Wales -12 10 £50,000 +1.96% 7
North East -9 8 £37,250 -32.27% 1
Northern Ireland -2 6 £60,000 +44.58%

For the 6 months to 12 December 2019, IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 1,281 (75.44%) DevOps
2 1,091 (64.25%) AWS
3 1,027 (60.48%) Terraform
4 848 (49.94%) Docker
5 824 (48.53%) Ansible
6 775 (45.64%) Python
7 714 (42.05%) Kubernetes
8 713 (41.99%) Azure
9 645 (37.99%) Linux
10 603 (35.51%) Agile Software Development
11 525 (30.92%) Puppet
12 498 (29.33%) Jenkins
13 428 (25.21%) Opscode Chef
14 422 (24.85%) Configuration Management
15 411 (24.20%) Java
16 402 (23.67%) PowerShell
17 401 (23.62%) Windows
18 382 (22.50%) AWS CloudFormation
19 372 (21.91%) Continuous Integration
20 346 (20.38%) Finance
21 332 (19.55%) Bash Shell
22 317 (18.67%) GCP
23 295 (17.37%) Microservices
24 277 (16.31%) Continuous Delivery
25 274 (16.14%) Git (software)
26 271 (15.96%) Microsoft
27 257 (15.14%) SQL
28 245 (14.43%) Go
29 222 (13.07%) Serverless
30 215 (12.66%) PaaS

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 82 (4.83%) IIS
2 74 (4.36%) Elasticsearch
3 72 (4.24%) Apache Spark
4 69 (4.06%) Confluence
5 60 (3.53%) Apache
6 43 (2.53%) Tomcat
7 34 (2.00%) nginx
8 29 (1.71%) JBoss
9 22 (1.30%) SharePoint
10 19 (1.12%) WebSphere
11 16 (0.94%) Apache Airflow
11 16 (0.94%) OpenStack
12 15 (0.88%) Apache TomEE
13 14 (0.82%) Cloud Foundry
14 12 (0.71%) SAS
15 11 (0.65%) SharePoint 2013
16 8 (0.47%) Apache Pig
16 8 (0.47%) WebLogic
17 5 (0.29%) CMS
17 5 (0.29%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 12 (0.71%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (0.47%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.059%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 25 (1.47%) Payment Gateway
2 5 (0.29%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.12%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.059%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.059%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.059%) Revive Adserver
Cloud Services
1 1,091 (64.25%) AWS
2 713 (41.99%) Azure
3 382 (22.50%) AWS CloudFormation
4 317 (18.67%) GCP
5 222 (13.07%) Serverless
6 215 (12.66%) PaaS
7 151 (8.89%) AWS Lambda
7 151 (8.89%) IaaS
7 151 (8.89%) SaaS
8 121 (7.13%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 108 (6.36%) GitHub
10 99 (5.83%) Amazon EC2
11 81 (4.77%) OpenShift
12 76 (4.48%) Amazon ECS
13 75 (4.42%) Amazon S3
14 67 (3.95%) Cloud Computing
15 60 (3.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 59 (3.47%) Amazon EKS
17 52 (3.06%) Office 365
18 48 (2.83%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 115 (6.77%) Firewall
2 101 (5.95%) DNS
3 70 (4.12%) VPN
4 39 (2.30%) Internet
5 37 (2.18%) TCP/IP
6 28 (1.65%) WAN
7 27 (1.59%) DHCP
8 22 (1.30%) LAN
9 17 (1.00%) Network Security
10 15 (0.88%) SAN
11 10 (0.59%) HTTP
11 10 (0.59%) SMTP
12 9 (0.53%) SSL
13 6 (0.35%) Cisco ASA
13 6 (0.35%) DMZ
13 6 (0.35%) Wi-Fi
14 5 (0.29%) VLAN
15 4 (0.24%) FTP
15 4 (0.24%) WLAN
16 3 (0.18%) IPv4
Database & Business Intelligence
1 131 (7.71%) SQL Server
2 101 (5.95%) PostgreSQL
3 99 (5.83%) Big Data
4 86 (5.06%) NoSQL
5 83 (4.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 73 (4.30%) Amazon RDS
7 68 (4.00%) MySQL
8 55 (3.24%) Hadoop
8 55 (3.24%) Relational Database
9 48 (2.83%) MongoDB
10 45 (2.65%) Azure SQL Database
11 35 (2.06%) Power BI
12 27 (1.59%) Data Warehouse
13 26 (1.53%) Cosmos DB
14 25 (1.47%) Data Lake
15 23 (1.35%) RDBMS
16 22 (1.30%) Amazon Redshift
16 22 (1.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 15 (0.88%) Apache Hive
17 15 (0.88%) Redis
Development Applications
1 498 (29.33%) Jenkins
2 274 (16.14%) Git (software)
3 160 (9.42%) JIRA
4 147 (8.66%) TeamCity
5 118 (6.95%) Octopus Deploy
6 103 (6.07%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 85 (5.01%) Team Foundation Server
8 84 (4.95%) Bitbucket
9 82 (4.83%) IBM UrbanCode
10 72 (4.24%) GitLab
11 70 (4.12%) Maven
12 62 (3.65%) CircleCI
13 60 (3.53%) Subversion
14 57 (3.36%) SonarQube
15 45 (2.65%) Visual Studio Team System
16 38 (2.24%) Sonatype Nexus
17 37 (2.18%) Artifactory
18 35 (2.06%) Travis CI
19 32 (1.88%) Ant
19 32 (1.88%) Vagrant
General
1 346 (20.38%) Finance
2 127 (7.48%) Banking
3 80 (4.71%) Retail
4 40 (2.36%) Public Sector
5 38 (2.24%) Games
5 38 (2.24%) Telecoms
6 35 (2.06%) Marketing
7 31 (1.83%) Electronics
8 30 (1.77%) Back Office
9 26 (1.53%) Manufacturing
10 24 (1.41%) Law
11 15 (0.88%) Advertising
12 11 (0.65%) Investment Banking
13 10 (0.59%) Billing
14 9 (0.53%) Front Office
14 9 (0.53%) Publishing
15 7 (0.41%) Financial Institution
16 6 (0.35%) Retail Banking
17 4 (0.24%) French Language
17 4 (0.24%) German Language
Job Titles
1 704 (41.46%) DevOps Engineer
2 285 (16.78%) Cloud Engineer
3 231 (13.60%) AWS Engineer
4 187 (11.01%) Senior DevOps
5 161 (9.48%) Senior DevOps Engineer
6 139 (8.19%) AWS DevOps
7 131 (7.71%) Azure Engineer
8 129 (7.60%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 127 (7.48%) Consultant
10 117 (6.89%) Architect
10 117 (6.89%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 112 (6.60%) Platform Engineer
12 105 (6.18%) Developer
13 83 (4.89%) Lead DevOps
14 75 (4.42%) Kubernetes Engineer
15 73 (4.30%) Site Reliability Engineer
16 69 (4.06%) Azure DevOps
16 69 (4.06%) DevOps Consultant
17 66 (3.89%) Python Engineer
18 64 (3.77%) Lead DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 180 (10.60%) .NET
2 142 (8.36%) Node.js
3 140 (8.24%) Web Services
4 126 (7.42%) Elastic Stack
5 100 (5.89%) Kafka
6 78 (4.59%) JSON
7 41 (2.41%) REST
8 34 (2.00%) React
9 31 (1.83%) Spring
10 30 (1.77%) RabbitMQ
10 30 (1.77%) YAML
11 27 (1.59%) GraphQL
12 26 (1.53%) .NET Core
13 23 (1.35%) XML
14 22 (1.30%) AngularJS
15 21 (1.24%) Spring Boot
16 20 (1.18%) Pandas
17 19 (1.12%) Keras
17 19 (1.12%) scikit-learn
17 19 (1.12%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 207 (12.19%) Public Cloud
2 117 (6.89%) Analytical Skills
3 96 (5.65%) Data Centre
4 91 (5.36%) Greenfield Project
5 88 (5.18%) Linux Command Line
6 87 (5.12%) Cloud Native
7 76 (4.48%) Self-Motivation
8 53 (3.12%) Hybrid Cloud
9 47 (2.77%) Algorithms
10 45 (2.65%) Enterprise Software
10 45 (2.65%) Mobile App
11 43 (2.53%) User Experience
12 41 (2.41%) Data Structures
13 37 (2.18%) Private Cloud
14 36 (2.12%) Management Information System
15 33 (1.94%) Virtual Team
16 30 (1.77%) PlayStation
17 25 (1.47%) Mobile Banking
18 24 (1.41%) Enterprise Cloud
19 21 (1.24%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
Operating Systems
1 645 (37.99%) Linux
2 401 (23.62%) Windows
3 137 (8.07%) Unix
4 112 (6.60%) Windows Server
5 56 (3.30%) CentOS
6 50 (2.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 31 (1.83%) Ubuntu
8 30 (1.77%) Mesosphere
9 26 (1.53%) Windows Server 2012
10 22 (1.30%) Android
10 22 (1.30%) Windows Server 2008
11 18 (1.06%) Windows 7
11 18 (1.06%) Windows 8
12 14 (0.82%) Apple iOS
12 14 (0.82%) Debian
13 13 (0.77%) Windows 10
14 6 (0.35%) CoreOS
15 5 (0.29%) Windows Server 2003
15 5 (0.29%) zOS
16 4 (0.24%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,281 (75.44%) DevOps
2 603 (35.51%) Agile Software Development
3 422 (24.85%) Configuration Management
4 372 (21.91%) Continuous Integration
5 295 (17.37%) Microservices
6 277 (16.31%) Continuous Delivery
7 197 (11.60%) Software Engineering
8 180 (10.60%) Test Automation
9 178 (10.48%) Site Reliability Engineering
10 176 (10.37%) Open Source
11 175 (10.31%) Migration
12 168 (9.89%) Problem-Solving
13 163 (9.60%) Infrastructure Engineering
14 146 (8.60%) Scrum
15 142 (8.36%) TDD
16 140 (8.24%) Fintech
17 136 (8.01%) Continuous Deployment
18 130 (7.66%) Continuous Improvement
19 125 (7.36%) SDLC
20 113 (6.65%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 775 (45.64%) Python
2 411 (24.20%) Java
3 402 (23.67%) PowerShell
4 332 (19.55%) Bash Shell
5 257 (15.14%) SQL
6 245 (14.43%) Go
7 198 (11.66%) Ruby
8 142 (8.36%) C#
9 125 (7.36%) JavaScript
10 68 (4.00%) Perl
10 68 (4.00%) Scala
11 55 (3.24%) Shell Script
12 41 (2.41%) PHP
13 40 (2.36%) C++
14 32 (1.88%) TypeScript
15 30 (1.77%) C
16 25 (1.47%) T-SQL
17 23 (1.35%) Java 8
18 22 (1.30%) Groovy
19 17 (1.00%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 169 (9.95%) Degree
2 44 (2.59%) AWS Certification
3 42 (2.47%) Computer Science Degree
4 29 (1.71%) Security Cleared
5 27 (1.59%) Master's Degree
6 20 (1.18%) PhD
7 13 (0.77%) Microsoft Certification
8 11 (0.65%) SC Cleared
9 10 (0.59%) DV Cleared
10 7 (0.41%) MCSA
11 6 (0.35%) RHCE
12 5 (0.29%) Network+ Certification
12 5 (0.29%) RHCSA
13 4 (0.24%) CISSP
13 4 (0.24%) ITIL Certification
13 4 (0.24%) MCSE
13 4 (0.24%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 3 (0.18%) CCNA
14 3 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
14 3 (0.18%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 105 (6.18%) QA
2 18 (1.06%) PCI DSS
3 15 (0.88%) SLA
4 11 (0.65%) Data Quality
5 7 (0.41%) GDPR
6 4 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 3 (0.18%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 3 (0.18%) NCSC
7 3 (0.18%) NIST
8 2 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 848 (49.94%) Docker
2 125 (7.36%) Active Directory
3 87 (5.12%) VMware Infrastructure
4 44 (2.59%) Hyper-V
5 36 (2.12%) Virtual Machines
6 22 (1.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 22 (1.30%) VMware ESXi
7 17 (1.00%) vCloud
8 16 (0.94%) vSphere
9 14 (0.82%) LXC
9 14 (0.82%) XenApp
10 9 (0.53%) etcd
11 6 (0.35%) Microsoft App-V
12 5 (0.29%) iptables
12 5 (0.29%) NFS
12 5 (0.29%) VMware Workstation
13 4 (0.24%) XenDesktop
14 3 (0.18%) KVM
14 3 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
14 3 (0.18%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 1,027 (60.48%) Terraform
2 824 (48.53%) Ansible
3 714 (42.05%) Kubernetes
4 525 (30.92%) Puppet
5 428 (25.21%) Opscode Chef
6 117 (6.89%) Prometheus
7 111 (6.54%) Consul
8 92 (5.42%) Packer
9 71 (4.18%) Rancher
10 66 (3.89%) Grafana
11 51 (3.00%) Salt
12 37 (2.18%) Kibana
13 36 (2.12%) ZABBIX
14 32 (1.88%) Docker Swarm
15 31 (1.83%) Automic
16 30 (1.77%) Nagios
17 28 (1.65%) Graphite
18 27 (1.59%) Rundeck
19 26 (1.53%) Istio
20 20 (1.18%) SCCM
Vendors
1 271 (15.96%) Microsoft
2 145 (8.54%) Google
3 119 (7.01%) Splunk
4 117 (6.89%) VMware
5 86 (5.06%) Oracle
6 63 (3.71%) Red Hat
7 49 (2.89%) AppDynamics
8 43 (2.53%) Cisco
9 38 (2.24%) Citrix
10 36 (2.12%) New Relic
11 31 (1.83%) ServiceNow
12 30 (1.77%) Atlassian
13 29 (1.71%) CyberArk
14 28 (1.65%) PagerDuty
14 28 (1.65%) WorldPay
15 27 (1.59%) Dynatrace
16 25 (1.47%) Spotify
17 24 (1.41%) Delphix
17 24 (1.41%) RedGate
18 21 (1.24%) SAP