Period
to 21 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 21 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
UK
6 months to
21 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 297 428 714
Rank change year-on-year +131 +286 +376
Permanent jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 1,578 1,227 494
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.09% 0.71% 0.29%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.19% 0.78% 0.32%
Number of salaries quoted 1,171 922 364
UK median annual salary £67,500 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +12.50% - -
10th Percentile £42,000 £38,000 £35,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £58,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +10.48% - -4.55%

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 132,313 157,792 154,407
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.78% 91.88% 91.45%
Number of salaries quoted 103,480 127,170 126,603
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,250 £28,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code.

Salary trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 21 May 2019.

Salary histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the UK over the 6 months to 21 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +133 1,469 £67,500 +12.50% 67
London +121 869 £75,000 +11.11% 34
UK excluding London +97 656 £58,000 +10.48% 38
South East +102 198 £65,000 +30.00% 11
North of England +43 144 £55,000 +4.76% 11
East of England +51 91 £60,000 - 4
North West +32 74 £60,000 +20.00% 8
Midlands +44 68 £62,500 +13.64% 4
Yorkshire +50 65 £50,000 -33.33% 2
South West +33 64 £55,000 +10.00% 3
Scotland +2 60 £42,500 -5.56% 5
West Midlands +55 58 £67,500 +22.73% 2
Northern Ireland - 17 £41,500 -
Wales +27 14 £52,500 +52.17%
East Midlands +18 10 £49,000 -6.67% 2
North East -3 9 £39,500 -28.18% 1

For the 6 months to 21 May 2019, IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 1,195 (75.73%) DevOps
2 1,083 (68.63%) Amazon AWS
3 967 (61.28%) Terraform
4 832 (52.72%) Ansible
5 779 (49.37%) Docker
6 765 (48.48%) Microsoft Azure
7 734 (46.51%) Linux
8 700 (44.36%) Python
9 692 (43.85%) Agile Software Development
10 589 (37.33%) Puppet
11 550 (34.85%) Kubernetes
12 547 (34.66%) Jenkins
13 493 (31.24%) Windows
14 478 (30.29%) Opscode Chef
15 414 (26.24%) Continuous Integration
16 394 (24.97%) Java
17 385 (24.40%) Configuration Management
18 372 (23.57%) Bash Shell
19 360 (22.81%) Google Cloud Platform
20 342 (21.67%) AWS CloudFormation
21 335 (21.23%) Git (software)
22 313 (19.84%) Finance
23 311 (19.71%) Software Engineering
24 300 (19.01%) PowerShell
25 296 (18.76%) Microsoft
26 268 (16.98%) Microservices
27 263 (16.67%) Continuous Delivery
28 256 (16.22%) Ruby
29 223 (14.13%) PaaS
30 207 (13.12%) Test Automation

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (3.61%) Confluence
2 56 (3.55%) IIS
3 49 (3.11%) Apache
3 49 (3.11%) Elasticsearch
4 36 (2.28%) Apache Spark
5 34 (2.15%) Tomcat
6 30 (1.90%) nginx
7 25 (1.58%) Cloud Foundry
7 25 (1.58%) SAS
8 20 (1.27%) OpenStack
8 20 (1.27%) SharePoint
9 16 (1.01%) WebLogic
10 12 (0.76%) JBoss
11 10 (0.63%) SharePoint 2013
11 10 (0.63%) WordPress
12 8 (0.51%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 8 (0.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 8 (0.51%) WebSphere
13 7 (0.44%) CloudStack
14 5 (0.32%) Jetty
Applications
1 4 (0.25%) Microsoft Excel
1 4 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 3 (0.19%) Chatbot
2 3 (0.19%) HipChat
3 1 (0.063%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 23 (1.46%) thinkFolio
2 21 (1.33%) Payment Gateway
3 6 (0.38%) NetSuite
4 5 (0.32%) Oracle BPM
5 4 (0.25%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.063%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.063%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.063%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.063%) Quorum
Cloud Services
1 1,083 (68.63%) Amazon AWS
2 765 (48.48%) Microsoft Azure
3 360 (22.81%) Google Cloud Platform
4 342 (21.67%) AWS CloudFormation
5 223 (14.13%) PaaS
6 173 (10.96%) IaaS
7 129 (8.17%) Serverless
8 102 (6.46%) GitHub
9 101 (6.40%) Amazon S3
10 99 (6.27%) AWS Lambda
11 97 (6.15%) Amazon EC2
12 93 (5.89%) SaaS
13 84 (5.32%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 73 (4.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 58 (3.68%) Office 365
16 55 (3.49%) Azure Stack
17 46 (2.92%) OpenShift
18 45 (2.85%) Cloud Computing
19 41 (2.60%) IBM Cloud
20 38 (2.41%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 143 (9.06%) Firewall
2 88 (5.58%) DNS
3 47 (2.98%) TCP/IP
4 38 (2.41%) VPN
5 28 (1.77%) HTTP
5 28 (1.77%) Internet
5 28 (1.77%) WAN
6 24 (1.52%) LAN
7 22 (1.39%) DHCP
8 19 (1.20%) Network Security
8 19 (1.20%) SSL
9 17 (1.08%) BIG-IP
10 15 (0.95%) SAN
11 14 (0.89%) VLAN
12 11 (0.70%) NetScaler
13 9 (0.57%) Cisco Nexus
13 9 (0.57%) FabricPath
14 8 (0.51%) NAS
15 7 (0.44%) Ethernet
16 5 (0.32%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 76 (4.82%) Big Data
1 76 (4.82%) SQL Server
2 71 (4.50%) Amazon RDS
3 64 (4.06%) MySQL
4 50 (3.17%) MongoDB
5 49 (3.11%) NoSQL
6 46 (2.92%) Hadoop
7 44 (2.79%) Azure SQL Database
8 40 (2.53%) Amazon Redshift
9 36 (2.28%) PostgreSQL
10 30 (1.90%) Apache Cassandra
11 24 (1.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 24 (1.52%) Relational Database
12 22 (1.39%) Blockchain
12 22 (1.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 17 (1.08%) Power BI
14 16 (1.01%) Apache Kudu
14 16 (1.01%) Impala
15 15 (0.95%) Pentaho
15 15 (0.95%) Redis
Development Applications
1 547 (34.66%) Jenkins
2 335 (21.23%) Git (software)
3 166 (10.52%) Octopus Deploy
4 156 (9.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 139 (8.81%) TeamCity
6 121 (7.67%) JIRA
6 121 (7.67%) Visual Studio Team System
7 100 (6.34%) Team Foundation Server
8 87 (5.51%) Travis CI
9 77 (4.88%) Maven
10 76 (4.82%) IBM UrbanCode
11 72 (4.56%) GoCD
12 71 (4.50%) Bitbucket
12 71 (4.50%) GitLab
13 67 (4.25%) Subversion
14 64 (4.06%) Vagrant
15 57 (3.61%) Gradle
16 42 (2.66%) Ant
16 42 (2.66%) Sonatype Nexus
17 41 (2.60%) Artifactory
General
1 313 (19.84%) Finance
2 157 (9.95%) Retail
3 129 (8.17%) Banking
4 48 (3.04%) Financial Institution
5 41 (2.60%) Games
6 38 (2.41%) Law
7 27 (1.71%) Marketing
8 21 (1.33%) Telecoms
9 18 (1.14%) Electronics
10 15 (0.95%) Advertising
11 14 (0.89%) Back Office
12 9 (0.57%) Publishing
13 8 (0.51%) Manufacturing
14 6 (0.38%) Automotive
14 6 (0.38%) Retail Banking
15 4 (0.25%) Front Office
16 3 (0.19%) International Banking
16 3 (0.19%) Legal
17 2 (0.13%) Investment Banking
17 2 (0.13%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 598 (37.90%) DevOps Engineer
2 271 (17.17%) Cloud Engineer
3 218 (13.81%) AWS Engineer
4 201 (12.74%) Senior DevOps
5 180 (11.41%) AWS DevOps
6 173 (10.96%) Developer
7 141 (8.94%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 139 (8.81%) Consultant
9 131 (8.30%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 123 (7.79%) Architect
11 108 (6.84%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 107 (6.78%) DevOps Consultant
13 88 (5.58%) Lead DevOps
14 68 (4.31%) Azure Engineer
15 67 (4.25%) Platform Engineer
16 63 (3.99%) Linux/Unix DevOps
17 61 (3.87%) Senior Consultant
18 59 (3.74%) Java Developer
18 59 (3.74%) Lead DevOps Engineer
19 58 (3.68%) Azure Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 174 (11.03%) .NET
2 172 (10.90%) Elastic Stack
3 129 (8.17%) Web Services
4 115 (7.29%) Node.js
5 90 (5.70%) AngularJS
6 86 (5.45%) JSON
6 86 (5.45%) React
7 75 (4.75%) REST
8 73 (4.63%) Kafka
9 51 (3.23%) Vue.js
10 46 (2.92%) Spring
11 37 (2.34%) .NET Core
12 36 (2.28%) RabbitMQ
13 30 (1.90%) Spring Boot
14 26 (1.65%) CSS
14 26 (1.65%) HTML
15 24 (1.52%) LDAP
16 21 (1.33%) Swagger
17 20 (1.27%) ASP.NET
18 18 (1.14%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 178 (11.28%) Public Cloud
2 142 (9.00%) Hybrid Cloud
3 134 (8.49%) Data Centre
4 130 (8.24%) Fintech
5 102 (6.46%) Enterprise Software
6 95 (6.02%) Cloud Native
7 67 (4.25%) Greenfield Project
8 65 (4.12%) Analytical Skills
9 51 (3.23%) Linux Command Line
10 50 (3.17%) Mobile App
11 46 (2.92%) Management Information System
12 45 (2.85%) Self-Motivation
13 34 (2.15%) User Experience
14 30 (1.90%) Fixed Income
15 29 (1.84%) Derivative
16 26 (1.65%) PlayStation
17 25 (1.58%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 24 (1.52%) Equities
19 22 (1.39%) Infotainment
19 22 (1.39%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 734 (46.51%) Linux
2 493 (31.24%) Windows
3 153 (9.70%) Windows Server
4 115 (7.29%) Unix
5 92 (5.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 81 (5.13%) Ubuntu
7 67 (4.25%) CentOS
8 41 (2.60%) Windows Server 2008
9 38 (2.41%) Apple iOS
10 29 (1.84%) Windows Server 2012
11 26 (1.65%) Android
11 26 (1.65%) Mesosphere
12 25 (1.58%) DC/OS
13 15 (0.95%) Debian
13 15 (0.95%) SUSE
13 15 (0.95%) Windows 10
14 10 (0.63%) Amazon Linux
14 10 (0.63%) Fedora
15 9 (0.57%) VMS
15 9 (0.57%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,195 (75.73%) DevOps
2 692 (43.85%) Agile Software Development
3 414 (26.24%) Continuous Integration
4 385 (24.40%) Configuration Management
5 311 (19.71%) Software Engineering
6 268 (16.98%) Microservices
7 263 (16.67%) Continuous Delivery
8 207 (13.12%) Test Automation
9 197 (12.48%) Open Source
10 169 (10.71%) Scrum
11 161 (10.20%) Problem-Solving
12 160 (10.14%) Mentoring
13 150 (9.51%) Migration
14 149 (9.44%) TDD
15 134 (8.49%) Deployment Automation
16 130 (8.24%) Infrastructure Engineering
17 118 (7.48%) SDLC
18 113 (7.16%) Analytics
19 109 (6.91%) Continuous Deployment
20 100 (6.34%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 700 (44.36%) Python
2 394 (24.97%) Java
3 372 (23.57%) Bash Shell
4 300 (19.01%) PowerShell
5 256 (16.22%) Ruby
6 181 (11.47%) SQL
7 169 (10.71%) JavaScript
8 119 (7.54%) Go
9 90 (5.70%) C#
10 65 (4.12%) Groovy
11 63 (3.99%) PHP
12 47 (2.98%) Perl
13 44 (2.79%) Scala
14 42 (2.66%) Shell Script
15 40 (2.53%) C++
16 37 (2.34%) TypeScript
17 19 (1.20%) VB.NET
18 17 (1.08%) T-SQL
19 13 (0.82%) Rust
20 11 (0.70%) ES6
Qualifications
1 86 (5.45%) Degree
2 50 (3.17%) AWS Certification
3 36 (2.28%) Microsoft Certification
4 33 (2.09%) Security Cleared
5 25 (1.58%) SC Cleared
6 23 (1.46%) Cisco Certification
7 18 (1.14%) RHCE
8 14 (0.89%) Computer Science Degree
8 14 (0.89%) MCSE
9 11 (0.70%) CCNA
10 8 (0.51%) RHCSA
11 7 (0.44%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 7 (0.44%) CISSP
11 7 (0.44%) MCSA
11 7 (0.44%) Network+ Certification
12 6 (0.38%) DV Cleared
13 5 (0.32%) Citrix Certification
14 4 (0.25%) CCNP
14 4 (0.25%) ISEB
15 3 (0.19%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 87 (5.51%) QA
2 31 (1.96%) SLA
3 20 (1.27%) PCI DSS
4 9 (0.57%) GDPR
5 7 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 6 (0.38%) SEPA
7 2 (0.13%) COBIT
7 2 (0.13%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.13%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.13%) PSD2
8 1 (0.063%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.063%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.063%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 779 (49.37%) Docker
2 167 (10.58%) Active Directory
3 153 (9.70%) VMware Infrastructure
4 129 (8.17%) Hyper-V
5 50 (3.17%) Virtual Machines
6 41 (2.60%) XenApp
7 32 (2.03%) vSphere
8 25 (1.58%) VirtualBox
9 18 (1.14%) VMware ESXi
10 16 (1.01%) KVM
11 15 (0.95%) XenDesktop
12 14 (0.89%) Microsoft App-V
13 12 (0.76%) VMware NSX
14 10 (0.63%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 10 (0.63%) Squid
15 9 (0.57%) etcd
15 9 (0.57%) LXC
16 8 (0.51%) Virtual Desktop
17 5 (0.32%) iptables
17 5 (0.32%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 967 (61.28%) Terraform
2 832 (52.72%) Ansible
3 589 (37.33%) Puppet
4 550 (34.85%) Kubernetes
5 478 (30.29%) Opscode Chef
6 102 (6.46%) Consul
7 88 (5.58%) Packer
8 75 (4.75%) Docker Swarm
9 65 (4.12%) Prometheus
10 50 (3.17%) Rundeck
11 40 (2.53%) Grafana
12 38 (2.41%) Salt
13 27 (1.71%) Kibana
14 26 (1.65%) Automic
14 26 (1.65%) vCenter Server
15 25 (1.58%) SCCM
16 24 (1.52%) Graphite
17 20 (1.27%) Rancher
18 19 (1.20%) SCOM
19 18 (1.14%) Nagios
Vendors
1 296 (18.76%) Microsoft
2 194 (12.29%) VMware
3 181 (11.47%) Google
4 156 (9.89%) Splunk
5 96 (6.08%) Oracle
6 68 (4.31%) Red Hat
7 56 (3.55%) Citrix
7 56 (3.55%) ServiceNow
8 50 (3.17%) Delphix
8 50 (3.17%) RedGate
9 48 (3.04%) New Relic
10 42 (2.66%) IBM
11 41 (2.60%) Atlassian
12 23 (1.46%) Charles River
13 22 (1.39%) Cisco
14 20 (1.27%) Databricks
14 20 (1.27%) F5
14 20 (1.27%) Tableau
15 19 (1.20%) Cognizant
16 17 (1.08%) SaltStack