Period
to 23 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 23 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 262 402 575
Rank change year-on-year +140 +173 +430
Permanent jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 1,772 1,316 816
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.27% 0.80% 0.46%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.37% 0.87% 0.50%
Number of salaries quoted 1,264 1,003 598
UK median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% - +8.33%
10th Percentile £42,000 £41,750 £46,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £57,000
% change year-on-year +4.55% -3.51% +8.06%

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 128,950 151,697 162,176
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.10% 91.76% 92.31%
Number of salaries quoted 101,239 120,729 128,104
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code.

Salary trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +138 1,682 £70,000 +7.69% 291
London +127 1,072 £75,000 +7.14% 160
UK excluding London +79 664 £57,500 +4.55% 141
South East +104 204 £65,750 +14.35% 38
North of England -30 160 £55,000 +10.00% 33
North West +10 88 £61,250 +22.50% 17
East of England +70 83 £55,000 -15.38% 22
Midlands +63 75 £57,500 +15.00% 19
Scotland +30 66 £42,500 -15.00% 5
South West +31 63 £50,000 -9.09% 19
Yorkshire -45 60 £50,000 - 12
West Midlands +49 52 £57,500 +12.20% 13
East Midlands +32 22 £56,000 +35.76% 6
North East +3 12 £40,750 -17.26% 4
Northern Ireland -1 8 £60,000 +44.58%
Wales +7 6 £47,500 -3.14% 5

For the 6 months to 23 September 2019, IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 1,367 (77.14%) DevOps
2 1,218 (68.74%) AWS
3 1,106 (62.42%) Terraform
4 924 (52.14%) Docker
5 912 (51.47%) Ansible
6 867 (48.93%) Python
7 791 (44.64%) Azure
8 772 (43.57%) Linux
9 713 (40.24%) Kubernetes
10 675 (38.09%) Agile Software Development
11 609 (34.37%) Puppet
12 565 (31.88%) Jenkins
13 561 (31.66%) Opscode Chef
14 494 (27.88%) Windows
15 440 (24.83%) Java
16 410 (23.14%) Configuration Management
17 408 (23.02%) Continuous Integration
18 397 (22.40%) AWS CloudFormation
19 387 (21.84%) GCP
20 386 (21.78%) Bash Shell
21 361 (20.37%) PowerShell
22 351 (19.81%) Continuous Delivery
23 330 (18.62%) Microsoft
24 329 (18.57%) Finance
25 328 (18.51%) Git (software)
26 306 (17.27%) Microservices
27 301 (16.99%) Ruby
28 266 (15.01%) Public Cloud
29 255 (14.39%) Software Engineering
30 251 (14.16%) Go

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 96 (5.42%) Elasticsearch
2 77 (4.35%) IIS
3 68 (3.84%) Confluence
4 59 (3.33%) Apache
5 54 (3.05%) Apache Spark
6 42 (2.37%) nginx
7 39 (2.20%) Tomcat
8 31 (1.75%) SharePoint
9 30 (1.69%) OpenStack
10 29 (1.64%) Cloud Foundry
11 25 (1.41%) JBoss
12 20 (1.13%) SAS
13 14 (0.79%) WebSphere
14 13 (0.73%) CloudStack
15 12 (0.68%) Apache TomEE
16 11 (0.62%) SharePoint 2013
17 9 (0.51%) WebLogic
18 7 (0.40%) MS Exchange
19 6 (0.34%) Apache Airflow
20 5 (0.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 8 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (0.40%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.11%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.056%) Adobe Premiere
4 1 (0.056%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 44 (2.48%) Payment Gateway
2 3 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.11%) NetSuite
3 2 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.056%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.056%) Revive Adserver
Cloud Services
1 1,218 (68.74%) AWS
2 791 (44.64%) Azure
3 397 (22.40%) AWS CloudFormation
4 387 (21.84%) GCP
5 227 (12.81%) Serverless
6 199 (11.23%) PaaS
7 160 (9.03%) IaaS
8 147 (8.30%) AWS Lambda
9 130 (7.34%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 128 (7.22%) GitHub
11 117 (6.60%) SaaS
12 106 (5.98%) Amazon EC2
13 96 (5.42%) Amazon S3
14 82 (4.63%) Amazon ECS
15 77 (4.35%) Office 365
15 77 (4.35%) OpenShift
16 69 (3.89%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 59 (3.33%) Azure Stack
18 53 (2.99%) Cloud Computing
19 51 (2.88%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 107 (6.04%) DNS
2 104 (5.87%) Firewall
3 78 (4.40%) VPN
4 44 (2.48%) TCP/IP
5 37 (2.09%) Internet
6 35 (1.98%) DHCP
7 29 (1.64%) Network Security
8 26 (1.47%) WAN
9 20 (1.13%) LAN
10 18 (1.02%) SAN
11 15 (0.85%) BIG-IP
11 15 (0.85%) HTTP
11 15 (0.85%) VLAN
12 11 (0.62%) Cisco Nexus
12 11 (0.62%) FabricPath
13 8 (0.45%) Cisco ASA
13 8 (0.45%) SMTP
14 6 (0.34%) NAS
14 6 (0.34%) SSL
15 5 (0.28%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 113 (6.38%) SQL Server
2 86 (4.85%) MySQL
3 81 (4.57%) PostgreSQL
4 80 (4.51%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 77 (4.35%) Big Data
6 73 (4.12%) Amazon RDS
7 59 (3.33%) NoSQL
8 54 (3.05%) Hadoop
9 53 (2.99%) MongoDB
10 48 (2.71%) Azure SQL Database
11 39 (2.20%) Relational Database
12 36 (2.03%) Power BI
13 28 (1.58%) Apache Cassandra
14 25 (1.41%) Blockchain
15 20 (1.13%) Data Lake
16 19 (1.07%) RDBMS
16 19 (1.07%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 18 (1.02%) Data Warehouse
18 17 (0.96%) Amazon Redshift
18 17 (0.96%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 565 (31.88%) Jenkins
2 328 (18.51%) Git (software)
3 166 (9.37%) JIRA
4 164 (9.26%) Octopus Deploy
5 157 (8.86%) TeamCity
6 136 (7.67%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 116 (6.55%) Team Foundation Server
8 107 (6.04%) IBM UrbanCode
9 82 (4.63%) Subversion
10 78 (4.40%) GitLab
11 74 (4.18%) Bitbucket
12 67 (3.78%) GoCD
13 57 (3.22%) Travis CI
14 55 (3.10%) Visual Studio Team System
15 54 (3.05%) Maven
16 49 (2.77%) Vagrant
17 47 (2.65%) CircleCI
18 46 (2.60%) SonarQube
19 42 (2.37%) Sonatype Nexus
20 30 (1.69%) git-flow
General
1 329 (18.57%) Finance
2 171 (9.65%) Banking
3 132 (7.45%) Retail
4 49 (2.77%) Public Sector
5 42 (2.37%) Telecoms
6 36 (2.03%) Electronics
6 36 (2.03%) Law
7 35 (1.98%) Marketing
8 34 (1.92%) Games
9 31 (1.75%) Back Office
10 28 (1.58%) Manufacturing
11 15 (0.85%) Advertising
12 14 (0.79%) Investment Banking
13 13 (0.73%) Front Office
14 12 (0.68%) Publishing
15 9 (0.51%) Retail Banking
16 6 (0.34%) Financial Institution
16 6 (0.34%) Legal
17 4 (0.23%) Automotive
18 2 (0.11%) French Language
Job Titles
1 712 (40.18%) DevOps Engineer
2 325 (18.34%) Cloud Engineer
3 246 (13.88%) AWS Engineer
4 230 (12.98%) Senior DevOps
5 175 (9.88%) Senior DevOps Engineer
6 169 (9.54%) AWS DevOps
7 167 (9.42%) Consultant
8 151 (8.52%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 133 (7.51%) Developer
10 112 (6.32%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 110 (6.21%) DevOps Consultant
12 105 (5.93%) Architect
13 101 (5.70%) Platform Engineer
14 98 (5.53%) Azure Engineer
15 74 (4.18%) Lead DevOps
16 64 (3.61%) Kubernetes Engineer
17 63 (3.56%) Azure DevOps
18 58 (3.27%) Site Reliability Engineer
19 56 (3.16%) Software Engineer
20 54 (3.05%) Senior Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 151 (8.52%) Elastic Stack
2 133 (7.51%) Node.js
3 128 (7.22%) .NET
4 119 (6.72%) Web Services
5 105 (5.93%) Kafka
6 81 (4.57%) JSON
7 38 (2.14%) Spring
8 33 (1.86%) RabbitMQ
8 33 (1.86%) React
8 33 (1.86%) REST
9 32 (1.81%) XML
10 29 (1.64%) AngularJS
11 27 (1.52%) HTML
12 26 (1.47%) .NET Core
12 26 (1.47%) CSS
12 26 (1.47%) Spring Boot
13 24 (1.35%) GraphQL
14 22 (1.24%) AWS Amplify
15 20 (1.13%) LAMP
16 19 (1.07%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 266 (15.01%) Public Cloud
2 114 (6.43%) Hybrid Cloud
3 88 (4.97%) Analytical Skills
4 83 (4.68%) Cloud Native
4 83 (4.68%) Data Centre
4 83 (4.68%) Greenfield Project
5 80 (4.51%) Self-Motivation
6 56 (3.16%) Enterprise Software
7 50 (2.82%) User Experience
8 48 (2.71%) Linux Command Line
9 43 (2.43%) Mobile App
10 41 (2.31%) Algorithms
11 38 (2.14%) Private Cloud
12 37 (2.09%) Management Information System
13 35 (1.98%) Data Structures
14 34 (1.92%) PlayStation
15 30 (1.69%) Virtual Team
16 25 (1.41%) Mobile Banking
17 18 (1.02%) Enterprise Cloud
18 16 (0.90%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 772 (43.57%) Linux
2 494 (27.88%) Windows
3 166 (9.37%) Unix
4 150 (8.47%) Windows Server
5 67 (3.78%) CentOS
5 67 (3.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 65 (3.67%) Ubuntu
7 36 (2.03%) Windows Server 2012
8 35 (1.98%) Mesosphere
9 25 (1.41%) Android
10 24 (1.35%) Apple iOS
11 21 (1.19%) Windows Server 2008
12 15 (0.85%) Windows 10
12 15 (0.85%) Windows 8
13 14 (0.79%) Debian
13 14 (0.79%) Windows 7
14 11 (0.62%) SUSE
15 8 (0.45%) Fedora
16 6 (0.34%) CoreOS
17 5 (0.28%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,367 (77.14%) DevOps
2 675 (38.09%) Agile Software Development
3 410 (23.14%) Configuration Management
4 408 (23.02%) Continuous Integration
5 351 (19.81%) Continuous Delivery
6 306 (17.27%) Microservices
7 255 (14.39%) Software Engineering
8 212 (11.96%) Problem-Solving
9 207 (11.68%) Test Automation
10 199 (11.23%) Open Source
11 198 (11.17%) Migration
12 190 (10.72%) Fintech
13 183 (10.33%) Scrum
14 174 (9.82%) Mentoring
15 169 (9.54%) TDD
16 162 (9.14%) Continuous Deployment
17 155 (8.75%) Site Reliability Engineering
18 154 (8.69%) Infrastructure Engineering
19 138 (7.79%) Deployment Automation
20 120 (6.77%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 867 (48.93%) Python
2 440 (24.83%) Java
3 386 (21.78%) Bash Shell
4 361 (20.37%) PowerShell
5 301 (16.99%) Ruby
6 251 (14.16%) Go
7 214 (12.08%) SQL
8 180 (10.16%) JavaScript
9 110 (6.21%) C#
10 63 (3.56%) Groovy
11 57 (3.22%) Perl
12 54 (3.05%) PHP
12 54 (3.05%) Shell Script
13 51 (2.88%) Scala
14 44 (2.48%) C++
15 29 (1.64%) TypeScript
16 25 (1.41%) T-SQL
17 19 (1.07%) Kotlin
18 17 (0.96%) Java 8
19 15 (0.85%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 169 (9.54%) Degree
2 41 (2.31%) AWS Certification
3 33 (1.86%) Microsoft Certification
4 31 (1.75%) Computer Science Degree
5 22 (1.24%) Security Cleared
6 19 (1.07%) Master's Degree
7 16 (0.90%) PhD
8 15 (0.85%) Cisco Certification
8 15 (0.85%) Network+ Certification
9 12 (0.68%) MCSA
9 12 (0.68%) MCSE
9 12 (0.68%) RHCE
10 11 (0.62%) CCNA
11 10 (0.56%) SC Cleared
12 7 (0.40%) RHCSA
12 7 (0.40%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 6 (0.34%) CISSP
14 4 (0.23%) (ISC)2 CCSP
14 4 (0.23%) MCTS
14 4 (0.23%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 90 (5.08%) QA
2 18 (1.02%) SLA
3 12 (0.68%) PCI DSS
4 7 (0.40%) Data Quality
5 6 (0.34%) GDPR
6 2 (0.11%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 2 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 2 (0.11%) NCSC
6 2 (0.11%) NIST
6 2 (0.11%) PSD2
7 1 (0.056%) COBIT
7 1 (0.056%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.056%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 924 (52.14%) Docker
2 170 (9.59%) Active Directory
3 77 (4.35%) VMware Infrastructure
4 59 (3.33%) Hyper-V
5 34 (1.92%) Virtual Machines
6 21 (1.19%) VMware ESXi
6 21 (1.19%) vSphere
7 18 (1.02%) XenApp
8 12 (0.68%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 12 (0.68%) KVM
8 12 (0.68%) LXC
8 12 (0.68%) vCloud
9 11 (0.62%) VMware NSX
10 9 (0.51%) Microsoft App-V
11 7 (0.40%) etcd
12 6 (0.34%) VMware Workstation
12 6 (0.34%) XenDesktop
13 5 (0.28%) Squid
14 4 (0.23%) Virtual Desktop
14 4 (0.23%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 1,106 (62.42%) Terraform
2 912 (51.47%) Ansible
3 713 (40.24%) Kubernetes
4 609 (34.37%) Puppet
5 561 (31.66%) Opscode Chef
6 128 (7.22%) Prometheus
7 126 (7.11%) Consul
8 104 (5.87%) Packer
9 79 (4.46%) Grafana
10 63 (3.56%) Rancher
11 60 (3.39%) Salt
12 52 (2.93%) Rundeck
13 49 (2.77%) Docker Swarm
14 41 (2.31%) Kibana
15 35 (1.98%) Automic
15 35 (1.98%) SCCM
16 30 (1.69%) Graphite
16 30 (1.69%) Nagios
17 22 (1.24%) logstash
18 21 (1.19%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 330 (18.62%) Microsoft
2 194 (10.95%) Google
3 149 (8.41%) Splunk
4 107 (6.04%) VMware
5 87 (4.91%) Oracle
6 64 (3.61%) ServiceNow
7 61 (3.44%) IBM
8 59 (3.33%) New Relic
8 59 (3.33%) Red Hat
9 52 (2.93%) AppDynamics
10 49 (2.77%) Citrix
11 48 (2.71%) Atlassian
11 48 (2.71%) Delphix
11 48 (2.71%) RedGate
12 44 (2.48%) Spotify
12 44 (2.48%) WorldPay
13 40 (2.26%) Cisco
14 26 (1.47%) Dynatrace
15 25 (1.41%) CyberArk
15 25 (1.41%) PagerDuty