Period
to 6 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 6 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
UK
6 months to
6 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 212 286 422
Rank change year-on-year +74 +136 +231
Permanent jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 1,284 1,716 1,317
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.62% 1.16% 0.74%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.76% 1.26% 0.80%
Number of salaries quoted 1,164 1,408 1,008
Median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.70% +12.50% -4.00%
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,000
90th Percentile £97,125 £91,625 £86,625
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £57,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +15.00% -7.41%

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 72,899 135,806 164,635
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.22% 92.18% 92.18%
Number of salaries quoted 58,134 106,902 132,356
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +3.09%
10th Percentile £31,750 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code.

Salary trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 6 July 2020.

Salary histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the UK over the 6 months to 6 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +78 1,210 £70,000 +3.70% 195
London +69 759 £77,500 +3.33% 103
UK excluding London +113 509 £57,500 - 104
Work from Home +38 134 £65,000 -7.14% 32
North of England +97 124 £55,000 - 35
South East +67 119 £70,000 +3.70% 19
East of England +86 73 £60,000 +9.09% 15
North West +79 73 £57,430 -4.28% 21
Midlands +98 65 £55,330 -16.48% 12
South West +107 64 £50,500 +1.00% 11
West Midlands +87 47 £60,000 -11.11% 10
Yorkshire +93 46 £55,000 +10.00% 12
Scotland +47 38 £50,000 +17.65% 3
Wales +34 26 £50,000 -4.76% 8
East Midlands +67 18 £45,000 -30.77% 2
North East +24 5 £45,000 +7.14% 2

For the 6 months to 6 July 2020, IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 914 (71.18%) DevOps
2 834 (64.95%) Terraform
3 765 (59.58%) AWS
4 645 (50.23%) Docker
5 607 (47.27%) Python
6 569 (44.31%) Kubernetes
7 554 (43.15%) Ansible
8 482 (37.54%) Azure
9 476 (37.07%) Agile Software Development
10 433 (33.72%) Linux
11 368 (28.66%) Jenkins
12 281 (21.88%) PowerShell
13 279 (21.73%) Configuration Management
14 256 (19.94%) Continuous Integration
15 248 (19.31%) Bash Shell
16 239 (18.61%) Puppet
17 229 (17.83%) Finance
18 228 (17.76%) Java
19 221 (17.21%) Opscode Chef
20 216 (16.82%) GCP
21 198 (15.42%) Serverless
22 192 (14.95%) Git (software)
23 186 (14.49%) Microservices
24 182 (14.17%) AWS CloudFormation
25 171 (13.32%) Windows
26 164 (12.77%) Microsoft
27 161 (12.54%) JavaScript
28 157 (12.23%) Site Reliability Engineering
29 154 (11.99%) Migration
30 140 (10.90%) Scrum

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 50 (3.89%) Confluence
2 45 (3.50%) Apache
3 34 (2.65%) Elasticsearch
4 32 (2.49%) OpenStack
5 25 (1.95%) IIS
6 24 (1.87%) Tomcat
7 19 (1.48%) Apache Spark
8 9 (0.70%) Cloud Foundry
9 7 (0.55%) WebSphere
10 5 (0.39%) Apache Airflow
10 5 (0.39%) CMS
10 5 (0.39%) nginx
11 4 (0.31%) Apache Solr
11 4 (0.31%) BizTalk Server
11 4 (0.31%) JBoss
11 4 (0.31%) Kentico
11 4 (0.31%) Sitecore CMS
11 4 (0.31%) Sitefinity
11 4 (0.31%) Umbraco
12 3 (0.23%) WordPress
Applications
1 2 (0.16%) Adobe Premiere
2 1 (0.078%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.078%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.078%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 5 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.16%) Magento
2 2 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
2 2 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 1 (0.078%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.078%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.078%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 765 (59.58%) AWS
2 482 (37.54%) Azure
3 216 (16.82%) GCP
4 198 (15.42%) Serverless
5 182 (14.17%) AWS CloudFormation
6 139 (10.83%) SaaS
7 110 (8.57%) PaaS
8 102 (7.94%) AWS Lambda
9 97 (7.55%) IaaS
10 76 (5.92%) Amazon ECS
11 71 (5.53%) OpenShift
12 66 (5.14%) Amazon EC2
12 66 (5.14%) Amazon S3
13 51 (3.97%) GitHub
14 50 (3.89%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 48 (3.74%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 45 (3.50%) Slack
17 41 (3.19%) Cloud Computing
18 40 (3.12%) Amazon EKS
19 25 (1.95%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 69 (5.37%) Firewall
2 35 (2.73%) DNS
3 34 (2.65%) VPN
4 23 (1.79%) HTTP
4 23 (1.79%) Internet
4 23 (1.79%) Network Security
5 20 (1.56%) TCP/IP
6 17 (1.32%) NetScaler
6 17 (1.32%) WAN
7 14 (1.09%) SSL
8 11 (0.86%) Cisco ISE
8 11 (0.86%) DHCP
9 10 (0.78%) Kerberos
9 10 (0.78%) LAN
10 9 (0.70%) BGP
10 9 (0.70%) Cisco ASA
10 9 (0.70%) OSPF
10 9 (0.70%) SMTP
10 9 (0.70%) VPLS
10 9 (0.70%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 74 (5.76%) SQL Server
2 64 (4.98%) NoSQL
3 62 (4.83%) MySQL
4 55 (4.28%) PostgreSQL
5 49 (3.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 48 (3.74%) MongoDB
7 44 (3.43%) Big Data
8 38 (2.96%) Blockchain
9 33 (2.57%) Amazon RDS
10 28 (2.18%) Apache Cassandra
11 27 (2.10%) Redis
12 26 (2.02%) Cosmos DB
13 21 (1.64%) Relational Database
14 20 (1.56%) Hadoop
15 15 (1.17%) Azure SQL Database
15 15 (1.17%) Power BI
16 9 (0.70%) Amazon Redshift
17 8 (0.62%) BigQuery
17 8 (0.62%) InfluxDB
18 7 (0.55%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 368 (28.66%) Jenkins
2 192 (14.95%) Git (software)
3 88 (6.85%) GitLab
4 87 (6.78%) JIRA
5 74 (5.76%) Octopus Deploy
6 71 (5.53%) TeamCity
7 64 (4.98%) Bitbucket
8 50 (3.89%) Sonatype Nexus
9 36 (2.80%) Artifactory
10 29 (2.26%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 29 (2.26%) Vagrant
11 28 (2.18%) SonarQube
12 26 (2.02%) Maven
13 24 (1.87%) CircleCI
14 20 (1.56%) Team Foundation Server
15 18 (1.40%) Gradle
16 15 (1.17%) Selenium
16 15 (1.17%) webpack
17 13 (1.01%) Travis CI
17 13 (1.01%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 229 (17.83%) Finance
2 79 (6.15%) Banking
3 46 (3.58%) Retail
4 45 (3.50%) Games
5 38 (2.96%) Law
6 21 (1.64%) Advertising
7 19 (1.48%) Public Sector
8 17 (1.32%) Legal
9 15 (1.17%) Financial Institution
10 10 (0.78%) Investment Banking
10 10 (0.78%) Marketing
11 9 (0.70%) Electronics
12 8 (0.62%) Billing
13 5 (0.39%) Telecoms
14 4 (0.31%) Local Government
14 4 (0.31%) Manufacturing
14 4 (0.31%) Military
15 3 (0.23%) Automotive
15 3 (0.23%) Police
16 2 (0.16%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 568 (44.24%) DevOps Engineer
2 233 (18.15%) AWS Engineer
3 139 (10.83%) AWS DevOps
4 137 (10.67%) Developer
5 131 (10.20%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 116 (9.03%) Cloud Engineer
7 110 (8.57%) Platform Engineer
8 104 (8.10%) Azure Engineer
9 93 (7.24%) Python Engineer
10 81 (6.31%) Kubernetes Engineer
11 78 (6.07%) Architect
11 78 (6.07%) Senior DevOps
12 76 (5.92%) Site Reliability Engineer
13 73 (5.69%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 70 (5.45%) Infrastructure Engineer
15 69 (5.37%) Azure DevOps Engineer
16 61 (4.75%) Senior Developer
17 60 (4.67%) Site Engineer
18 56 (4.36%) Linux Engineer
19 55 (4.28%) Lead DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 132 (10.28%) .NET
2 123 (9.58%) Node.js
3 89 (6.93%) Web Services
4 72 (5.61%) Kafka
5 68 (5.30%) Elastic Stack
6 66 (5.14%) React
7 42 (3.27%) .NET Core
8 39 (3.04%) HTML
9 35 (2.73%) CSS
10 34 (2.65%) React Native
11 32 (2.49%) JSON
12 30 (2.34%) AngularJS
13 29 (2.26%) REST
14 28 (2.18%) RESTful
15 27 (2.10%) YAML
16 25 (1.95%) Apache Cordova
16 25 (1.95%) Ionic Framework
16 25 (1.95%) NativeScript
16 25 (1.95%) PhoneGap
17 21 (1.64%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 111 (8.64%) Cloud Native
2 108 (8.41%) Public Cloud
3 82 (6.39%) Greenfield Project
4 52 (4.05%) Analytical Skills
5 49 (3.82%) User Experience
6 44 (3.43%) Data Centre
7 40 (3.12%) Mobile App
7 40 (3.12%) Virtual Team
8 26 (2.02%) Self-Motivation
9 25 (1.95%) Private Cloud
10 24 (1.87%) PKI
11 22 (1.71%) Linux Command Line
12 20 (1.56%) Hybrid Cloud
13 17 (1.32%) Enterprise Software
14 15 (1.17%) Enterprise Cloud
15 14 (1.09%) Cyberattack
16 10 (0.78%) Algorithms
16 10 (0.78%) Derivative
17 7 (0.55%) Data Structures
17 7 (0.55%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 433 (33.72%) Linux
2 171 (13.32%) Windows
3 40 (3.12%) CentOS
4 37 (2.88%) Unix
5 36 (2.80%) Windows Server
6 34 (2.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 23 (1.79%) Ubuntu
8 18 (1.40%) CoreOS
9 13 (1.01%) Mac OS
9 13 (1.01%) VMS
10 12 (0.93%) Android
10 12 (0.93%) Windows Server 2012
11 11 (0.86%) Windows Server 2016
12 9 (0.70%) Windows 10
13 6 (0.47%) Debian
13 6 (0.47%) Mesosphere
13 6 (0.47%) zOS
14 5 (0.39%) Apple iOS
15 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
16 2 (0.16%) DC/OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 914 (71.18%) DevOps
2 476 (37.07%) Agile Software Development
3 279 (21.73%) Configuration Management
4 256 (19.94%) Continuous Integration
5 186 (14.49%) Microservices
6 157 (12.23%) Site Reliability Engineering
7 154 (11.99%) Migration
8 140 (10.90%) Scrum
9 138 (10.75%) Continuous Delivery
10 126 (9.81%) Software Engineering
11 121 (9.42%) Fintech
12 120 (9.35%) Test Automation
13 116 (9.03%) TDD
14 99 (7.71%) Deployment Automation
14 99 (7.71%) Infrastructure Automation
15 93 (7.24%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 92 (7.17%) Open Source
17 86 (6.70%) Mentoring
18 84 (6.54%) Problem-Solving
19 77 (6.00%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 607 (47.27%) Python
2 281 (21.88%) PowerShell
3 248 (19.31%) Bash Shell
4 228 (17.76%) Java
5 161 (12.54%) JavaScript
6 140 (10.90%) SQL
7 123 (9.58%) Go
8 119 (9.27%) Ruby
9 91 (7.09%) C#
10 54 (4.21%) Scala
11 51 (3.97%) PHP
12 47 (3.66%) Shell Script
13 46 (3.58%) Groovy
14 39 (3.04%) Kotlin
15 37 (2.88%) Perl
16 36 (2.80%) TypeScript
17 28 (2.18%) C
17 28 (2.18%) Clojure
18 24 (1.87%) C++
19 19 (1.48%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 91 (7.09%) Degree
2 60 (4.67%) AWS Certification
3 47 (3.66%) Security Cleared
4 21 (1.64%) Computer Science Degree
5 19 (1.48%) DV Cleared
6 17 (1.32%) SC Cleared
7 14 (1.09%) Cisco Certification
7 14 (1.09%) Microsoft Certification
8 11 (0.86%) RHCE
9 8 (0.62%) CCSP
10 7 (0.55%) CISSP
11 5 (0.39%) CCNP
11 5 (0.39%) CESG Certified Professional
12 3 (0.23%) SANS
12 3 (0.23%) TOGAF Certification
13 2 (0.16%) CCNA
13 2 (0.16%) CISM
13 2 (0.16%) Master's Degree
13 2 (0.16%) MCSE
14 1 (0.078%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (1.95%) SLA
2 24 (1.87%) QA
3 23 (1.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 22 (1.71%) NIST
5 14 (1.09%) NCSC
5 14 (1.09%) NIST 800
6 13 (1.01%) PCI DSS
7 6 (0.47%) GDPR
8 4 (0.31%) Data Quality
System Software
1 645 (50.23%) Docker
2 94 (7.32%) VMware Infrastructure
3 63 (4.91%) Active Directory
4 19 (1.48%) XenApp
5 18 (1.40%) vSphere
6 17 (1.32%) XenDesktop
7 15 (1.17%) Virtual Machines
8 14 (1.09%) VMware ESXi
9 12 (0.93%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 12 (0.93%) Virtual Servers
10 11 (0.86%) GlusterFS
10 11 (0.86%) VirtualBox
11 10 (0.78%) Hyper-V
12 6 (0.47%) Samba
13 4 (0.31%) iptables
13 4 (0.31%) vCloud
14 2 (0.16%) Postfix
14 2 (0.16%) VMware NSX
15 1 (0.078%) Firmware
15 1 (0.078%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 834 (64.95%) Terraform
2 569 (44.31%) Kubernetes
3 554 (43.15%) Ansible
4 239 (18.61%) Puppet
5 221 (17.21%) Opscode Chef
6 45 (3.50%) Grafana
7 34 (2.65%) Prometheus
8 25 (1.95%) Docker Swarm
8 25 (1.95%) SCCM
9 23 (1.79%) Kibana
9 23 (1.79%) Nagios
10 19 (1.48%) Packer
10 19 (1.48%) Rancher
11 16 (1.25%) Consul
12 10 (0.78%) Rundeck
13 9 (0.70%) Icinga
13 9 (0.70%) vRealize
14 8 (0.62%) Jamf Pro
14 8 (0.62%) OSSEC
14 8 (0.62%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 164 (12.77%) Microsoft
2 121 (9.42%) Google
3 105 (8.18%) VMware
4 75 (5.84%) Red Hat
5 55 (4.28%) Splunk
6 45 (3.50%) Oracle
7 28 (2.18%) New Relic
8 26 (2.02%) Atlassian
9 23 (1.79%) Cisco
10 20 (1.56%) Citrix
11 15 (1.17%) Juniper
12 13 (1.01%) Dynatrace
12 13 (1.01%) SolarWinds
13 11 (0.86%) AppDynamics
13 11 (0.86%) CheckPoint
13 11 (0.86%) EnterpriseDB
13 11 (0.86%) F5
14 10 (0.78%) ServiceNow
15 9 (0.70%) Cloudera
15 9 (0.70%) Tableau