Period
to 27 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 27 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 114 247 340
Rank change year-on-year +133 +93 +201
Permanent jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 1,809 1,590 1,407
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.77% 1.27% 0.94%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.00% 1.38% 1.02%
Number of salaries quoted 1,913 1,305 1,175
Median annual salary £62,500 £70,000 £70,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -10.71% - +10.24%
10th Percentile £38,750 £46,250 £43,750
90th Percentile £92,250 £96,250 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £60,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year -8.33% - +9.09%

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 60,313 114,969 138,225
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.40% 92.10% 92.26%
Number of salaries quoted 48,609 92,106 110,401
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,125 £29,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £46,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +6.52% +2.22% -

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code.

Salary trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 27 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +134 1,655 £65,000 -7.14% 433
UK excluding London +209 909 £55,000 -8.33% 260
London +93 822 £75,000 -3.23% 193
Work from Home +107 476 £57,500 -20.69% 111
North of England +183 374 £56,750 -1.30% 106
Yorkshire +141 214 £55,000 -4.35% 26
North West +116 138 £55,000 -8.33% 80
South West +137 135 £52,500 -4.55% 25
Midlands +106 134 £62,500 +10.04% 42
South East +103 132 £57,500 -17.86% 44
West Midlands +64 96 £62,500 +10.04% 25
Scotland +76 71 £47,500 -32.14% 12
East Midlands +78 36 £62,500 +38.89% 17
Wales +56 29 £47,500 -15.56% 11
East of England +51 29 £60,000 -14.29% 19
North East +30 22 £65,000 +75.68%
Northern Ireland +21 8 £52,500 -12.50% 1

For the 6 months to 27 January 2021, IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 1,450 (80.15%) DevOps
2 1,157 (63.96%) Terraform
3 1,062 (58.71%) AWS
4 853 (47.15%) Docker
5 833 (46.05%) Azure
6 798 (44.11%) Kubernetes
7 669 (36.98%) Ansible
8 659 (36.43%) Python
9 641 (35.43%) Agile Software Development
10 621 (34.33%) Linux
11 448 (24.77%) Jenkins
12 426 (23.55%) Windows
13 421 (23.27%) Continuous Integration
14 409 (22.61%) Puppet
15 364 (20.12%) Microsoft
16 356 (19.68%) SQL
17 332 (18.35%) Opscode Chef
18 329 (18.19%) Configuration Management
19 309 (17.08%) PowerShell
20 292 (16.14%) Java
21 285 (15.75%) Bash Shell
22 275 (15.20%) Microservices
23 252 (13.93%) Go
24 250 (13.82%) GCP
25 233 (12.88%) Serverless
26 225 (12.44%) Problem-Solving
27 223 (12.33%) AWS CloudFormation
28 213 (11.77%) Git (software)
29 208 (11.50%) Migration
30 197 (10.89%) Software Engineering

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 79 (4.37%) Apache
2 58 (3.21%) Confluence
3 45 (2.49%) Elasticsearch
4 38 (2.10%) Apache Spark
5 31 (1.71%) IIS
6 23 (1.27%) Apache Airflow
7 18 (1.00%) nginx
8 15 (0.83%) SharePoint
9 7 (0.39%) MS Exchange
9 7 (0.39%) OpenStack
10 6 (0.33%) Tomcat
11 4 (0.22%) Apache Pulsar
11 4 (0.22%) Cloud Foundry
12 3 (0.17%) Exchange Server 2013
13 2 (0.11%) CloudStack
13 2 (0.11%) JBoss
13 2 (0.11%) WebSphere
14 1 (0.055%) BizTalk Server
14 1 (0.055%) CMS
14 1 (0.055%) Oracle Application Server
Applications
1 1 (0.055%) Chatbot
1 1 (0.055%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 8 (0.44%) R3 Corda
2 2 (0.11%) Shopify
3 1 (0.055%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.055%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.055%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.055%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 1,062 (58.71%) AWS
2 833 (46.05%) Azure
3 250 (13.82%) GCP
4 233 (12.88%) Serverless
5 223 (12.33%) AWS CloudFormation
6 163 (9.01%) PaaS
7 152 (8.40%) AWS Lambda
8 151 (8.35%) SaaS
9 143 (7.90%) Amazon EKS
10 127 (7.02%) IaaS
11 115 (6.36%) GitHub
12 100 (5.53%) Pulumi
13 99 (5.47%) Amazon ECS
14 92 (5.09%) Amazon EC2
15 80 (4.42%) Azure Active Directory
16 67 (3.70%) Amazon S3
16 67 (3.70%) Datadog
17 63 (3.48%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 58 (3.21%) Office 365
19 43 (2.38%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 140 (7.74%) Firewall
2 70 (3.87%) TCP/IP
3 66 (3.65%) DNS
4 62 (3.43%) VPN
5 52 (2.87%) Network Security
6 45 (2.49%) HTTP
7 29 (1.60%) VLAN
8 26 (1.44%) IPv4
8 26 (1.44%) WAN
9 25 (1.38%) OSPF
10 23 (1.27%) LAN
11 15 (0.83%) FTP
12 13 (0.72%) HTTPS
13 12 (0.66%) IMAP
13 12 (0.66%) Internet
13 12 (0.66%) SMTP
14 11 (0.61%) Remote Desktop
14 11 (0.61%) SAN
15 10 (0.55%) Kerberos
16 9 (0.50%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 157 (8.68%) MySQL
2 113 (6.25%) PostgreSQL
3 104 (5.75%) MongoDB
4 96 (5.31%) SQL Server
5 76 (4.20%) Big Data
6 73 (4.04%) Cosmos DB
7 72 (3.98%) Amazon RDS
8 69 (3.81%) Azure SQL Database
9 64 (3.54%) NoSQL
10 51 (2.82%) Redis
11 45 (2.49%) MariaDB
11 45 (2.49%) Relational Database
12 40 (2.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 25 (1.38%) Apache Cassandra
13 25 (1.38%) Data Warehouse
14 21 (1.16%) Data Lake
15 20 (1.11%) RDBMS
16 19 (1.05%) BigQuery
17 16 (0.88%) Hadoop
18 13 (0.72%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 448 (24.77%) Jenkins
2 213 (11.77%) Git (software)
3 157 (8.68%) GitLab
4 105 (5.80%) JIRA
5 84 (4.64%) TeamCity
6 75 (4.15%) Octopus Deploy
7 53 (2.93%) Artifactory
7 53 (2.93%) Team Foundation Server
8 51 (2.82%) Bitbucket
9 46 (2.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 44 (2.43%) CircleCI
11 42 (2.32%) Subversion
12 31 (1.71%) Travis CI
13 24 (1.33%) Gerrit
14 23 (1.27%) Visual Studio Team System
15 16 (0.88%) Maven
15 16 (0.88%) Sonatype Nexus
16 14 (0.77%) Selenium
17 13 (0.72%) SonarQube
18 12 (0.66%) Gradle
General
1 184 (10.17%) Finance
2 104 (5.75%) Games
3 57 (3.15%) Public Sector
4 47 (2.60%) Banking
5 46 (2.54%) Marketing
6 45 (2.49%) Law
7 36 (1.99%) Retail
8 26 (1.44%) Telecoms
9 20 (1.11%) Electronics
10 16 (0.88%) Manufacturing
11 12 (0.66%) Military
12 10 (0.55%) Financial Institution
13 8 (0.44%) Advertising
13 8 (0.44%) Legal
13 8 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
14 7 (0.39%) Aerospace
14 7 (0.39%) Billing
14 7 (0.39%) Publishing
15 5 (0.28%) Front Office
15 5 (0.28%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 842 (46.55%) DevOps Engineer
2 367 (20.29%) AWS Engineer
3 312 (17.25%) Azure Engineer
4 297 (16.42%) AWS DevOps
5 282 (15.59%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 245 (13.54%) Platform Engineer
7 189 (10.45%) Senior DevOps
8 180 (9.95%) Senior DevOps Engineer
9 169 (9.34%) Cloud Engineer
10 133 (7.35%) Azure DevOps Engineer
11 123 (6.80%) Architect
12 85 (4.70%) Azure DevOps
13 83 (4.59%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 80 (4.42%) Kubernetes Engineer
15 76 (4.20%) Developer
15 76 (4.20%) Site Reliability Engineer
16 67 (3.70%) Lead DevOps
17 58 (3.21%) Cloud Architect
18 52 (2.87%) Site Engineer
19 50 (2.76%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 160 (8.84%) Web Services
2 147 (8.13%) Kafka
3 125 (6.91%) .NET
4 115 (6.36%) Node.js
5 94 (5.20%) Elastic Stack
6 59 (3.26%) React
7 47 (2.60%) Apache Flex
8 38 (2.10%) .NET Core
9 31 (1.71%) YAML
10 30 (1.66%) AngularJS
11 28 (1.55%) JSON
11 28 (1.55%) Velocity
12 25 (1.38%) LDAP
12 25 (1.38%) RabbitMQ
13 23 (1.27%) RESTful
14 22 (1.22%) Hibernate
14 22 (1.22%) Vue.js
15 21 (1.16%) GraphQL
15 21 (1.16%) Spring
16 18 (1.00%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 162 (8.96%) Public Cloud
2 139 (7.68%) Greenfield Project
3 94 (5.20%) Cloud Native
4 75 (4.15%) Linux Command Line
5 73 (4.04%) Hybrid Cloud
6 71 (3.92%) Data Centre
7 62 (3.43%) Enterprise Cloud
8 47 (2.60%) Analytical Skills
9 37 (2.05%) Mobile App
10 32 (1.77%) Private Cloud
11 24 (1.33%) PKI
12 14 (0.77%) EPoS
12 14 (0.77%) Management Information System
13 13 (0.72%) Enterprise Software
14 11 (0.61%) Self-Motivation
14 11 (0.61%) Virtual Team
15 10 (0.55%) Algorithms
15 10 (0.55%) Blog
15 10 (0.55%) Data Structures
16 9 (0.50%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
Operating Systems
1 621 (34.33%) Linux
2 426 (23.55%) Windows
3 120 (6.63%) Windows Server
4 94 (5.20%) Unix
5 54 (2.99%) CentOS
6 36 (1.99%) Ubuntu
7 28 (1.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 17 (0.94%) CoreOS
9 16 (0.88%) Windows Server 2016
10 15 (0.83%) zOS
11 13 (0.72%) Windows Server 2012
12 11 (0.61%) Android
13 10 (0.55%) Apple iOS
14 5 (0.28%) VMS
15 4 (0.22%) Mesosphere
16 3 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
17 2 (0.11%) Debian
18 1 (0.055%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,450 (80.15%) DevOps
2 641 (35.43%) Agile Software Development
3 421 (23.27%) Continuous Integration
4 329 (18.19%) Configuration Management
5 275 (15.20%) Microservices
6 225 (12.44%) Problem-Solving
7 208 (11.50%) Migration
8 197 (10.89%) Software Engineering
9 194 (10.72%) Site Reliability Engineering
10 174 (9.62%) Continuous Delivery
11 160 (8.84%) TDD
12 151 (8.35%) Data Security
13 141 (7.79%) Scrum
14 138 (7.63%) Analytics
14 138 (7.63%) Test Automation
15 137 (7.57%) DevSecOps
16 132 (7.30%) Fintech
16 132 (7.30%) Machine Learning
17 129 (7.13%) Deployment Automation
18 116 (6.41%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 659 (36.43%) Python
2 356 (19.68%) SQL
3 309 (17.08%) PowerShell
4 292 (16.14%) Java
5 285 (15.75%) Bash Shell
6 252 (13.93%) Go
7 196 (10.83%) Ruby
8 172 (9.51%) C#
9 158 (8.73%) JavaScript
10 70 (3.87%) PHP
11 61 (3.37%) TypeScript
12 55 (3.04%) Groovy
13 39 (2.16%) Perl
14 28 (1.55%) Shell Script
15 27 (1.49%) Scala
16 19 (1.05%) T-SQL
17 16 (0.88%) Kotlin
18 15 (0.83%) Clojure
19 14 (0.77%) Elixir
20 11 (0.61%) R
Qualifications
1 128 (7.08%) Security Cleared
2 109 (6.03%) AWS Certification
3 103 (5.69%) SC Cleared
4 38 (2.10%) Degree
5 29 (1.60%) ITIL Certification
6 18 (1.00%) Computer Science Degree
7 16 (0.88%) DV Cleared
8 11 (0.61%) Cisco Certification
8 11 (0.61%) GIAC
8 11 (0.61%) RHCE
9 7 (0.39%) CCIE
10 6 (0.33%) CCNP
10 6 (0.33%) Microsoft Certification
11 3 (0.17%) BPSS Clearance
11 3 (0.17%) CISSP
12 2 (0.11%) CCNA
12 2 (0.11%) CISM
12 2 (0.11%) OSCP
13 1 (0.055%) CCSP
13 1 (0.055%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (1.99%) GDPR
1 36 (1.99%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 33 (1.82%) QA
3 25 (1.38%) NIST
4 15 (0.83%) SLA
5 12 (0.66%) PCI DSS
6 7 (0.39%) Data Quality
7 6 (0.33%) NCSC
7 6 (0.33%) NIST 800
8 5 (0.28%) Dodd-Frank
8 5 (0.28%) EMIR
8 5 (0.28%) HIPAA
8 5 (0.28%) MiFID
9 3 (0.17%) ISO 22301
10 2 (0.11%) PMO
11 1 (0.055%) HL7
11 1 (0.055%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 1 (0.055%) WCAG
System Software
1 853 (47.15%) Docker
2 119 (6.58%) Active Directory
3 112 (6.19%) VMware Infrastructure
4 37 (2.05%) Virtual Machines
5 29 (1.60%) Hyper-V
6 27 (1.49%) VMware ESXi
7 13 (0.72%) vSphere
8 10 (0.55%) XenApp
9 6 (0.33%) VMware NSX
10 5 (0.28%) DFS Replication
10 5 (0.28%) XenDesktop
11 4 (0.22%) HDFS
11 4 (0.22%) KVM
11 4 (0.22%) LXC
11 4 (0.22%) Postfix
12 3 (0.17%) VirtualBox
12 3 (0.17%) zsh
13 2 (0.11%) GlusterFS
13 2 (0.11%) Xen
14 1 (0.055%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 1,157 (63.96%) Terraform
2 798 (44.11%) Kubernetes
3 669 (36.98%) Ansible
4 409 (22.61%) Puppet
5 332 (18.35%) Opscode Chef
6 125 (6.91%) Grafana
7 113 (6.25%) Prometheus
8 44 (2.43%) Packer
9 26 (1.44%) ZABBIX
10 20 (1.11%) SCCM
11 19 (1.05%) Rancher
12 15 (0.83%) Kibana
13 14 (0.77%) Graylog
13 14 (0.77%) Istio
13 14 (0.77%) vCenter Server
14 13 (0.72%) Docker Swarm
15 12 (0.66%) CFEngine
15 12 (0.66%) Consul
15 12 (0.66%) Microsoft Intune
15 12 (0.66%) Nagios
Vendors
1 364 (20.12%) Microsoft
2 178 (9.84%) Oracle
3 143 (7.90%) VMware
4 138 (7.63%) Google
5 128 (7.08%) EnterpriseDB
6 102 (5.64%) SaltStack
7 64 (3.54%) New Relic
8 55 (3.04%) Splunk
9 42 (2.32%) Atlassian
9 42 (2.32%) Red Hat
10 33 (1.82%) Cisco
11 25 (1.38%) Citrix
12 20 (1.11%) Dynatrace
13 19 (1.05%) SAP
14 17 (0.94%) Databricks
15 14 (0.77%) ServiceNow
16 12 (0.66%) Fortinet
16 12 (0.66%) SolarWinds
17 10 (0.55%) Meraki
18 9 (0.50%) AppDynamics