Period
to 24 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 24 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
UK
6 months to
24 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 254 332 486
Rank change year-on-year +78 +154 +335
Permanent jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 1,553 1,443 1,005
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.27% 0.97% 0.57%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.38% 1.05% 0.62%
Number of salaries quoted 1,196 1,107 770
UK median annual salary £70,000 £68,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.94% +8.80% +11.61%
10th Percentile £46,250 £43,750 £41,250
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year - +9.09% +10.00%

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 112,773 137,575 161,519
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.90% 92.23% 92.20%
Number of salaries quoted 89,440 108,618 131,539
UK median annual salary £53,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.90% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £30,947 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code.

Salary trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 24 February 2020.

Salary histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the UK over the 6 months to 24 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +93 1,491 £70,000 - 393
London +56 929 £80,000 +6.67% 198
UK excluding London +70 596 £60,000 - 223
North of England +69 161 £56,215 +2.21% 66
South East +36 156 £70,000 +7.69% 31
Midlands +77 103 £56,000 -0.44% 42
North West +70 90 £57,500 +4.55% 32
West Midlands +62 88 £56,000 -2.61% 30
East of England +67 77 £60,000 -7.69% 40
Yorkshire +16 63 £55,000 - 31
South West +33 58 £52,500 -16.00% 16
Scotland +10 29 £69,250 +62.94% 19
Wales -13 19 £55,000 -4.35% 9
East Midlands +36 15 £45,000 +1.33% 11
North East +7 8 £37,000 -32.73% 3

For the 6 months to 24 February 2020, IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 1,177 (75.79%) DevOps
2 983 (63.30%) Terraform
3 911 (58.66%) AWS
4 798 (51.38%) Docker
5 763 (49.13%) Ansible
6 714 (45.98%) Python
7 669 (43.08%) Kubernetes
8 650 (41.85%) Azure
9 568 (36.57%) Linux
10 565 (36.38%) Agile Software Development
11 438 (28.20%) Jenkins
12 432 (27.82%) Puppet
13 392 (25.24%) PowerShell
14 369 (23.76%) Configuration Management
15 349 (22.47%) Continuous Integration
16 341 (21.96%) Opscode Chef
17 328 (21.12%) Finance
18 322 (20.73%) Java
19 317 (20.41%) Windows
20 310 (19.96%) Bash Shell
21 296 (19.06%) GCP
22 285 (18.35%) AWS CloudFormation
23 259 (16.68%) Microsoft
24 233 (15.00%) Microservices
25 231 (14.87%) Git (software)
26 209 (13.46%) .NET
27 204 (13.14%) SQL
28 197 (12.69%) Go
29 191 (12.30%) PaaS
30 180 (11.59%) Continuous Delivery

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 80 (5.15%) Confluence
2 60 (3.86%) IIS
3 53 (3.41%) Elasticsearch
4 51 (3.28%) Apache
5 47 (3.03%) Apache Spark
6 30 (1.93%) Tomcat
7 24 (1.55%) nginx
7 24 (1.55%) OpenStack
8 19 (1.22%) JBoss
9 16 (1.03%) WebSphere
10 15 (0.97%) Apache Airflow
11 13 (0.84%) Cloud Foundry
12 12 (0.77%) Apache TomEE
13 8 (0.52%) Apache Pig
14 6 (0.39%) SharePoint
14 6 (0.39%) WebLogic
15 5 (0.32%) CMS
16 4 (0.26%) Kentico
16 4 (0.26%) Sitecore CMS
16 4 (0.26%) Umbraco
Applications
1 8 (0.52%) MS Visio
2 6 (0.39%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.19%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 11 (0.71%) Payment Gateway
2 10 (0.64%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.13%) Magento
3 2 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.064%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 911 (58.66%) AWS
2 650 (41.85%) Azure
3 296 (19.06%) GCP
4 285 (18.35%) AWS CloudFormation
5 191 (12.30%) PaaS
6 162 (10.43%) Serverless
7 141 (9.08%) IaaS
8 120 (7.73%) SaaS
9 102 (6.57%) AWS Lambda
10 99 (6.37%) OpenShift
11 95 (6.12%) GitHub
12 83 (5.34%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 80 (5.15%) Amazon EC2
14 66 (4.25%) Amazon ECS
15 64 (4.12%) Amazon S3
16 62 (3.99%) Cloud Computing
17 60 (3.86%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 52 (3.35%) Amazon EKS
19 33 (2.12%) Datadog
20 32 (2.06%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 105 (6.76%) Firewall
2 69 (4.44%) DNS
3 65 (4.19%) VPN
4 33 (2.12%) TCP/IP
4 33 (2.12%) WAN
5 29 (1.87%) Internet
6 24 (1.55%) DHCP
7 19 (1.22%) LAN
7 19 (1.22%) NetScaler
8 14 (0.90%) SSL
9 13 (0.84%) WLAN
10 12 (0.77%) HTTP
11 10 (0.64%) BGP
11 10 (0.64%) Cisco ASA
11 10 (0.64%) Cisco IOS
11 10 (0.64%) Cisco ISE
11 10 (0.64%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
11 10 (0.64%) NX-OS
11 10 (0.64%) OSPF
11 10 (0.64%) VPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 115 (7.41%) SQL Server
2 95 (6.12%) PostgreSQL
3 91 (5.86%) NoSQL
4 82 (5.28%) Big Data
5 72 (4.64%) MySQL
6 53 (3.41%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 50 (3.22%) MongoDB
8 48 (3.09%) Amazon RDS
9 37 (2.38%) Relational Database
10 30 (1.93%) Azure SQL Database
11 28 (1.80%) Hadoop
12 27 (1.74%) Redis
13 26 (1.67%) Cosmos DB
14 24 (1.55%) Power BI
15 21 (1.35%) Data Warehouse
16 20 (1.29%) InfluxDB
17 19 (1.22%) Amazon Redshift
17 19 (1.22%) Blockchain
18 15 (0.97%) Apache Cassandra
19 14 (0.90%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 438 (28.20%) Jenkins
2 231 (14.87%) Git (software)
3 157 (10.11%) JIRA
4 109 (7.02%) TeamCity
5 101 (6.50%) Bitbucket
6 91 (5.86%) GitLab
7 85 (5.47%) Octopus Deploy
8 66 (4.25%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 60 (3.86%) Maven
10 56 (3.61%) SonarQube
11 53 (3.41%) CircleCI
12 52 (3.35%) Team Foundation Server
13 49 (3.16%) Sonatype Nexus
14 45 (2.90%) Artifactory
15 38 (2.45%) IBM UrbanCode
16 33 (2.12%) Vagrant
17 32 (2.06%) JUnit
18 31 (2.00%) Subversion
19 30 (1.93%) Visual Studio Team System
20 29 (1.87%) Gradle
General
1 328 (21.12%) Finance
2 106 (6.83%) Banking
3 77 (4.96%) Retail
4 27 (1.74%) Games
5 23 (1.48%) Public Sector
6 22 (1.42%) Billing
7 18 (1.16%) Telecoms
8 15 (0.97%) Electronics
9 14 (0.90%) Back Office
9 14 (0.90%) Financial Institution
9 14 (0.90%) Marketing
10 13 (0.84%) Law
11 12 (0.77%) Advertising
12 10 (0.64%) Manufacturing
13 6 (0.39%) Retail Banking
14 5 (0.32%) Investment Banking
15 3 (0.19%) French Language
15 3 (0.19%) German Language
15 3 (0.19%) Spanish Language
16 2 (0.13%) Digital Economy
Job Titles
1 661 (42.56%) DevOps Engineer
2 235 (15.13%) Cloud Engineer
3 221 (14.23%) AWS Engineer
4 132 (8.50%) Azure Engineer
5 119 (7.66%) AWS DevOps
6 117 (7.53%) Architect
7 113 (7.28%) Platform Engineer
8 112 (7.21%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 112 (7.21%) Senior DevOps
9 106 (6.83%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 104 (6.70%) Developer
10 104 (6.70%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 78 (5.02%) Python Engineer
12 77 (4.96%) Consultant
13 74 (4.76%) Lead DevOps
14 71 (4.57%) Site Reliability Engineer
15 68 (4.38%) Kubernetes Engineer
16 65 (4.19%) Azure DevOps Engineer
17 64 (4.12%) Lead DevOps Engineer
18 49 (3.16%) Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 209 (13.46%) .NET
2 125 (8.05%) Web Services
3 116 (7.47%) Node.js
4 112 (7.21%) Elastic Stack
5 91 (5.86%) Kafka
6 66 (4.25%) JSON
7 41 (2.64%) REST
8 38 (2.45%) React
9 37 (2.38%) YAML
10 33 (2.12%) .NET Core
11 30 (1.93%) CSS
11 30 (1.93%) HTML
12 27 (1.74%) ASP.NET
12 27 (1.74%) RabbitMQ
13 26 (1.67%) Spring
14 25 (1.61%) RESTful
15 24 (1.55%) AngularJS
16 22 (1.42%) Hibernate
17 21 (1.35%) .NET Framework
18 20 (1.29%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 166 (10.69%) Public Cloud
2 100 (6.44%) Analytical Skills
3 94 (6.05%) Greenfield Project
4 86 (5.54%) Cloud Native
5 76 (4.89%) Data Centre
6 75 (4.83%) Linux Command Line
7 49 (3.16%) Self-Motivation
8 45 (2.90%) Mobile App
9 42 (2.70%) User Experience
10 41 (2.64%) Hybrid Cloud
11 36 (2.32%) Enterprise Software
12 27 (1.74%) Data Structures
13 26 (1.67%) Private Cloud
14 25 (1.61%) Virtual Team
15 24 (1.55%) Algorithms
16 20 (1.29%) PlayStation
17 18 (1.16%) Enterprise Cloud
18 17 (1.09%) Management Information System
19 16 (1.03%) Mobile Banking
20 14 (0.90%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 568 (36.57%) Linux
2 317 (20.41%) Windows
3 79 (5.09%) Unix
4 73 (4.70%) Windows Server
5 48 (3.09%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 47 (3.03%) CentOS
7 20 (1.29%) Mesosphere
8 19 (1.22%) Windows Server 2012
9 16 (1.03%) Ubuntu
10 15 (0.97%) CoreOS
11 13 (0.84%) Windows 10
12 12 (0.77%) Android
12 12 (0.77%) Mac OS
13 11 (0.71%) Windows 7
13 11 (0.71%) Windows 8
14 10 (0.64%) Debian
15 9 (0.58%) zOS
16 8 (0.52%) Windows Server 2008
17 4 (0.26%) Solaris
17 4 (0.26%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,177 (75.79%) DevOps
2 565 (36.38%) Agile Software Development
3 369 (23.76%) Configuration Management
4 349 (22.47%) Continuous Integration
5 233 (15.00%) Microservices
6 180 (11.59%) Continuous Delivery
7 171 (11.01%) Migration
8 165 (10.62%) Software Engineering
9 164 (10.56%) Site Reliability Engineering
10 157 (10.11%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 151 (9.72%) Test Automation
12 144 (9.27%) Continuous Improvement
13 141 (9.08%) Problem-Solving
13 141 (9.08%) TDD
14 139 (8.95%) Open Source
15 137 (8.82%) Scrum
16 127 (8.18%) Fintech
17 108 (6.95%) Mentoring
18 107 (6.89%) SDLC
19 86 (5.54%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 714 (45.98%) Python
2 392 (25.24%) PowerShell
3 322 (20.73%) Java
4 310 (19.96%) Bash Shell
5 204 (13.14%) SQL
6 197 (12.69%) Go
7 154 (9.92%) Ruby
8 132 (8.50%) C#
9 129 (8.31%) JavaScript
10 71 (4.57%) Scala
11 55 (3.54%) Perl
12 45 (2.90%) PHP
13 44 (2.83%) C
14 34 (2.19%) Shell Script
15 33 (2.12%) C++
16 31 (2.00%) TypeScript
17 28 (1.80%) Groovy
18 27 (1.74%) Kotlin
19 16 (1.03%) Clojure
20 13 (0.84%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 117 (7.53%) Degree
2 59 (3.80%) AWS Certification
3 30 (1.93%) Computer Science Degree
4 27 (1.74%) Security Cleared
5 17 (1.09%) Master's Degree
6 14 (0.90%) DV Cleared
7 13 (0.84%) SC Cleared
8 10 (0.64%) CISSP
8 10 (0.64%) TOGAF Certification
9 9 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
10 8 (0.52%) RHCE
11 7 (0.45%) Cisco Certification
11 7 (0.45%) PhD
12 5 (0.32%) CESG Certified Professional
13 4 (0.26%) CCNP
13 4 (0.26%) ITIL Certification
13 4 (0.26%) MCSA
14 3 (0.19%) MCP
14 3 (0.19%) SANS
15 2 (0.13%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 83 (5.34%) QA
2 25 (1.61%) PCI DSS
3 12 (0.77%) Data Quality
4 10 (0.64%) NIST
5 8 (0.52%) GDPR
6 7 (0.45%) SLA
7 3 (0.19%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 3 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 2 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.064%) NCSC
System Software
1 798 (51.38%) Docker
2 91 (5.86%) VMware Infrastructure
3 74 (4.76%) Active Directory
4 40 (2.58%) Virtual Machines
5 23 (1.48%) VMware ESXi
6 22 (1.42%) Hyper-V
6 22 (1.42%) XenApp
6 22 (1.42%) XenDesktop
7 21 (1.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 13 (0.84%) vSphere
9 12 (0.77%) vCloud
10 5 (0.32%) GlusterFS
10 5 (0.32%) LXC
10 5 (0.32%) VirtualBox
11 4 (0.26%) iptables
11 4 (0.26%) NFS
11 4 (0.26%) zsh
12 2 (0.13%) etcd
12 2 (0.13%) Postfix
13 1 (0.064%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 983 (63.30%) Terraform
2 763 (49.13%) Ansible
3 669 (43.08%) Kubernetes
4 432 (27.82%) Puppet
5 341 (21.96%) Opscode Chef
6 79 (5.09%) Prometheus
7 73 (4.70%) Grafana
8 63 (4.06%) Packer
8 63 (4.06%) Rancher
9 55 (3.54%) Consul
10 34 (2.19%) Docker Swarm
11 33 (2.12%) Salt
12 32 (2.06%) ZABBIX
13 30 (1.93%) Kibana
14 24 (1.55%) Nagios
15 21 (1.35%) Graphite
16 20 (1.29%) Automic
17 18 (1.16%) SCCM
18 14 (0.90%) Istio
19 12 (0.77%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 259 (16.68%) Microsoft
2 138 (8.89%) Google
3 114 (7.34%) VMware
4 89 (5.73%) Splunk
5 80 (5.15%) Oracle
6 76 (4.89%) Red Hat
7 43 (2.77%) Cisco
8 34 (2.19%) Citrix
9 30 (1.93%) New Relic
10 24 (1.55%) AppDynamics
11 23 (1.48%) Atlassian
11 23 (1.48%) SaltStack
12 19 (1.22%) Dynatrace
13 15 (0.97%) CyberArk
14 14 (0.90%) PagerDuty
14 14 (0.90%) SolarWinds
14 14 (0.90%) WorldPay
15 13 (0.84%) F5
16 11 (0.71%) Juniper
16 11 (0.71%) ServiceNow