Period
to 14 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 14 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
14 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 19 23 28
Rank change year-on-year +4 +5 +20
Permanent jobs citing Python 15,284 14,224 11,999
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 10.04% 8.39% 6.70%
As % of the Programming Languages category 18.14% 15.15% 12.66%
Number of salaries quoted 12,396 11,762 10,530
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 84,277 93,901 94,790
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.35% 55.39% 52.92%
Number of salaries quoted 70,767 77,898 82,531
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,500 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £76,250
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% +5.56%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python in England.

Salary trend for Python in England

Python
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Salary histogram for Python in England

Python
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 14 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +9 8,753 £70,000 +7.69% 1,670
South East +1 2,356 £50,000 - 413
North of England +19 1,455 £50,000 - 282
South West +11 1,062 £49,500 +4.21% 222
East of England +2 1,042 £52,500 +5.00% 370
North West +23 757 £51,175 +2.35% 144
Yorkshire +8 607 £45,000 -10.00% 97
Midlands +18 596 £47,500 +11.76% 129
West Midlands +35 397 £47,500 +11.76% 67
East Midlands -13 198 £46,250 +8.82% 61
North East +26 90 £45,000 +12.50% 41
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 14 November 2018, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 5,976 (39.10%) Java
2 5,557 (36.36%) Linux
3 5,059 (33.10%) Agile Software Development
4 4,410 (28.85%) Amazon AWS
5 4,402 (28.80%) SQL
6 4,124 (26.98%) DevOps
7 3,386 (22.15%) Finance
8 3,308 (21.64%) JavaScript
9 3,180 (20.81%) C++
10 3,039 (19.88%) Docker
11 3,010 (19.69%) Software Engineering
12 2,868 (18.76%) C#
13 2,681 (17.54%) Degree
14 2,522 (16.50%) Ansible
15 2,498 (16.34%) Bash Shell
16 2,360 (15.44%) Machine Learning
17 2,343 (15.33%) Ruby
18 2,295 (15.02%) Microsoft Azure
19 2,292 (15.00%) Jenkins
20 2,215 (14.49%) Git (software)
21 2,141 (14.01%) Computer Science
22 2,050 (13.41%) Puppet
23 2,021 (13.22%) Continuous Integration
24 2,008 (13.14%) Analytics
25 1,996 (13.06%) Big Data
26 1,861 (12.18%) Data Science
27 1,814 (11.87%) Windows
28 1,809 (11.84%) Perl
29 1,779 (11.64%) Test Automation
30 1,711 (11.19%) Kubernetes

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,280 (8.37%) Apache Spark
2 869 (5.69%) Apache
3 739 (4.84%) Elasticsearch
4 391 (2.56%) Tomcat
5 357 (2.34%) Confluence
6 338 (2.21%) SAS
7 315 (2.06%) nginx
8 276 (1.81%) OpenStack
9 177 (1.16%) Apache Pig
10 131 (0.86%) IIS
11 114 (0.75%) Ethereum
12 108 (0.71%) WebSphere
13 99 (0.65%) WebLogic
14 97 (0.63%) Apache Solr
15 91 (0.60%) JBoss
16 81 (0.53%) SharePoint
17 72 (0.47%) CMS
18 67 (0.44%) WordPress
19 59 (0.39%) CloudStack
20 56 (0.37%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 200 (1.31%) Microsoft Excel
2 141 (0.92%) Microsoft Office
3 91 (0.60%) SPSS
4 61 (0.40%) Chatbot
4 61 (0.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 36 (0.24%) MS Visio
6 18 (0.12%) Stata
7 14 (0.092%) Snapchat
8 13 (0.085%) Photoshop
9 11 (0.072%) Simulink
10 10 (0.065%) GNU Octave
10 10 (0.065%) Spreadsheet
11 9 (0.059%) Maya
12 7 (0.046%) HipChat
13 6 (0.039%) InVision
14 5 (0.033%) Adobe Illustrator
14 5 (0.033%) Houdini
15 4 (0.026%) InDesign
16 3 (0.020%) AutoCAD
16 3 (0.020%) CPLEX
Business Applications
1 64 (0.42%) Distributed Ledger
2 51 (0.33%) thinkFolio
3 31 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
4 26 (0.17%) Magento
5 20 (0.13%) Ripple
6 18 (0.12%) Odoo
7 17 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
8 12 (0.079%) Remedy ITSM
9 11 (0.072%) Actimize
9 11 (0.072%) SAP S/4HANA
10 8 (0.052%) Oracle Payables
10 8 (0.052%) Oracle Receivables
10 8 (0.052%) R3 Corda
10 8 (0.052%) SunGard GMI
11 7 (0.046%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 7 (0.046%) SAP Hybris
12 6 (0.039%) Oracle EBS
13 5 (0.033%) LatentZero
13 5 (0.033%) Oracle Applications
13 5 (0.033%) Rolfe and Nolan
Cloud Services
1 4,410 (28.85%) Amazon AWS
2 2,295 (15.02%) Microsoft Azure
3 1,135 (7.43%) Google Cloud Platform
4 516 (3.38%) SaaS
5 494 (3.23%) AWS CloudFormation
6 444 (2.90%) GitHub
7 433 (2.83%) Serverless
8 421 (2.75%) Cloud Computing
9 411 (2.69%) Amazon EC2
10 346 (2.26%) Amazon S3
11 305 (2.00%) AWS Lambda
12 291 (1.90%) PaaS
13 230 (1.50%) IaaS
14 165 (1.08%) Office 365
15 163 (1.07%) OpenShift
16 150 (0.98%) Amazon EMR
17 144 (0.94%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 126 (0.82%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 106 (0.69%) Amazon SQS
20 93 (0.61%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 640 (4.19%) Firewall
2 577 (3.78%) TCP/IP
3 468 (3.06%) DNS
4 379 (2.48%) HTTP
5 334 (2.19%) Internet
6 249 (1.63%) VPN
7 237 (1.55%) WAN
8 218 (1.43%) LAN
9 199 (1.30%) DHCP
10 198 (1.30%) BGP
11 181 (1.18%) Wireless
12 176 (1.15%) Network Security
13 170 (1.11%) SSL
14 104 (0.68%) OSPF
15 101 (0.66%) Wireshark
16 94 (0.62%) SAN
17 90 (0.59%) SNMP
18 89 (0.58%) Wi-Fi
19 83 (0.54%) VLAN
20 82 (0.54%) Cisco IOS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,996 (13.06%) Big Data
2 1,510 (9.88%) NoSQL
3 1,456 (9.53%) Hadoop
4 1,413 (9.24%) MySQL
5 1,181 (7.73%) SQL Server
6 1,099 (7.19%) PostgreSQL
7 938 (6.14%) Relational Database
8 891 (5.83%) MongoDB
9 613 (4.01%) Apache Hive
10 543 (3.55%) Apache Cassandra
11 528 (3.45%) Data Warehouse
12 381 (2.49%) Amazon Redshift
12 381 (2.49%) Redis
13 369 (2.41%) Power BI
14 343 (2.24%) Blockchain
15 321 (2.10%) RDBMS
16 252 (1.65%) HBase
17 244 (1.60%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 243 (1.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 236 (1.54%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 2,292 (15.00%) Jenkins
2 2,215 (14.49%) Git (software)
3 967 (6.33%) JIRA
4 712 (4.66%) Selenium
5 640 (4.19%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 526 (3.44%) TeamCity
7 524 (3.43%) Maven
8 494 (3.23%) Subversion
9 328 (2.15%) Cucumber
10 325 (2.13%) Vagrant
11 312 (2.04%) Octopus Deploy
12 263 (1.72%) GitLab
13 260 (1.70%) Bitbucket
14 251 (1.64%) Visual Studio
15 226 (1.48%) JUnit
16 187 (1.22%) WebDriver
17 152 (0.99%) Gradle
18 148 (0.97%) Team Foundation Server
19 145 (0.95%) Hudson
20 144 (0.94%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 3,386 (22.15%) Finance
2 1,052 (6.88%) Banking
3 623 (4.08%) Retail
4 605 (3.96%) Marketing
5 519 (3.40%) Telecoms
6 508 (3.32%) Front Office
7 452 (2.96%) Games
8 394 (2.58%) Investment Banking
9 347 (2.27%) Electronics
10 328 (2.15%) Manufacturing
11 254 (1.66%) Law
12 204 (1.33%) Financial Institution
13 196 (1.28%) Advertising
14 143 (0.94%) Publishing
15 118 (0.77%) Automotive
16 88 (0.58%) Military
17 86 (0.56%) Legal
18 75 (0.49%) Back Office
19 63 (0.41%) French Language
20 60 (0.39%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 4,778 (31.26%) Developer
2 1,873 (12.25%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,636 (10.70%) Python Developer
4 1,413 (9.24%) Software Engineer
5 888 (5.81%) Senior Developer
6 843 (5.52%) Data Scientist
7 835 (5.46%) Java Developer
8 791 (5.18%) Analyst
9 787 (5.15%) Python Engineer
10 737 (4.82%) Software Developer
11 710 (4.65%) Data Engineer
12 637 (4.17%) Linux Engineer
13 525 (3.43%) AWS Engineer
14 521 (3.41%) Architect
15 475 (3.11%) Junior
16 460 (3.01%) Graduate
17 458 (3.00%) Cloud Engineer
18 433 (2.83%) Test Engineer
19 416 (2.72%) Administrator
20 391 (2.56%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,549 (10.13%) HTML
2 1,324 (8.66%) .NET
3 1,269 (8.30%) Node.js
4 1,257 (8.22%) CSS
5 1,238 (8.10%) AngularJS
6 1,157 (7.57%) Web Services
7 1,071 (7.01%) Django
8 980 (6.41%) React
9 769 (5.03%) REST
10 737 (4.82%) Kafka
11 630 (4.12%) RESTful
12 620 (4.06%) Spring
13 594 (3.89%) Natural Language Processing
14 501 (3.28%) HTML5
15 465 (3.04%) XML
16 453 (2.96%) TensorFlow
17 413 (2.70%) Flask
18 410 (2.68%) RabbitMQ
19 385 (2.52%) JSON
20 380 (2.49%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 2,141 (14.01%) Computer Science
2 1,354 (8.86%) Analytical Skills
3 1,299 (8.50%) Algorithms
4 1,033 (6.76%) Fintech
5 543 (3.55%) Greenfield Project
6 476 (3.11%) Hedge funds
7 462 (3.02%) Self-Motivation
8 420 (2.75%) User Experience
9 417 (2.73%) Public Cloud
10 411 (2.69%) Data Structures
11 375 (2.45%) Data Centre
12 357 (2.34%) Equities
13 355 (2.32%) Derivative
14 347 (2.27%) Fixed Income
15 310 (2.03%) Enterprise Software
16 298 (1.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 295 (1.93%) Management Information System
18 290 (1.90%) Linux Command Line
19 271 (1.77%) Mobile App
20 224 (1.47%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 5,557 (36.36%) Linux
2 1,814 (11.87%) Windows
3 1,374 (8.99%) Unix
4 671 (4.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 652 (4.27%) CentOS
6 438 (2.87%) Ubuntu
7 342 (2.24%) Android
8 337 (2.20%) Windows Server
9 267 (1.75%) Apple iOS
10 201 (1.32%) Debian
11 126 (0.82%) Mac OS X
12 122 (0.80%) Solaris
13 76 (0.50%) Windows Server 2008
14 75 (0.49%) Fedora
15 74 (0.48%) Windows Server 2012
16 70 (0.46%) CoreOS
17 53 (0.35%) SUSE
18 47 (0.31%) Windows 10
19 46 (0.30%) AIX
19 46 (0.30%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,059 (33.10%) Agile Software Development
2 4,124 (26.98%) DevOps
3 3,010 (19.69%) Software Engineering
4 2,360 (15.44%) Machine Learning
5 2,021 (13.22%) Continuous Integration
6 2,008 (13.14%) Analytics
7 1,861 (12.18%) Data Science
8 1,779 (11.64%) Test Automation
9 1,672 (10.94%) Problem-Solving
10 1,623 (10.62%) Mathematics
11 1,554 (10.17%) TDD
12 1,527 (9.99%) Open Source
13 1,497 (9.79%) Scrum
14 1,347 (8.81%) Configuration Management
15 1,330 (8.70%) Artificial Intelligence
16 1,169 (7.65%) Microservices
17 975 (6.38%) OO
18 941 (6.16%) Business Intelligence
19 900 (5.89%) Visualisation
20 844 (5.52%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 5,976 (39.10%) Java
2 4,402 (28.80%) SQL
3 3,308 (21.64%) JavaScript
4 3,180 (20.81%) C++
5 2,868 (18.76%) C#
6 2,498 (16.34%) Bash Shell
7 2,343 (15.33%) Ruby
8 1,809 (11.84%) Perl
9 1,500 (9.81%) C
10 1,443 (9.44%) R
11 1,267 (8.29%) PHP
12 1,252 (8.19%) PowerShell
13 1,234 (8.07%) Go
14 1,187 (7.77%) Scala
15 590 (3.86%) Shell Script
16 272 (1.78%) MATLAB
17 243 (1.59%) T-SQL
18 234 (1.53%) Java 8
19 198 (1.30%) Korn
20 182 (1.19%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 2,681 (17.54%) Degree
2 858 (5.61%) Computer Science Degree
3 784 (5.13%) PhD
4 614 (4.02%) Security Cleared
5 323 (2.11%) DV Cleared
6 282 (1.85%) SC Cleared
7 266 (1.74%) Numerate Degree
8 258 (1.69%) Master's Degree
9 249 (1.63%) Cisco Certification
10 196 (1.28%) Microsoft Certification
11 185 (1.21%) AWS Certification
12 145 (0.95%) CCNP
13 142 (0.93%) MPhil
14 139 (0.91%) CISSP
15 133 (0.87%) CCNA
16 130 (0.85%) RHCE
17 105 (0.69%) MCSE
18 92 (0.60%) GIAC
19 88 (0.58%) SANS
20 87 (0.57%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 870 (5.69%) QA
2 147 (0.96%) Data Quality
3 97 (0.63%) SLA
4 73 (0.48%) GDPR
5 66 (0.43%) PCI DSS
6 58 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 27 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 18 (0.12%) MiFID
9 16 (0.10%) Actionable Recommendations
9 16 (0.10%) SAS 70
10 15 (0.098%) ISO 9001
11 12 (0.079%) Disclosure Scotland
12 11 (0.072%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 11 (0.072%) JTAG
12 11 (0.072%) PMO
13 9 (0.059%) IEC 61131
14 8 (0.052%) EMIR
14 8 (0.052%) Solvency II
15 6 (0.039%) COBIT
16 4 (0.026%) GxP
System Software
1 3,039 (19.88%) Docker
2 595 (3.89%) VMware Infrastructure
3 334 (2.19%) Active Directory
4 203 (1.33%) Hyper-V
5 184 (1.20%) vSphere
6 174 (1.14%) HDFS
7 149 (0.97%) Virtual Machines
8 140 (0.92%) VMware ESXi
9 119 (0.78%) Apache Flume
10 110 (0.72%) VirtualBox
11 98 (0.64%) KVM
12 88 (0.58%) Firmware
13 79 (0.52%) Xen
14 50 (0.33%) NFS
15 46 (0.30%) VMware NSX
16 44 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 38 (0.25%) Samba
18 35 (0.23%) XenServer
19 33 (0.22%) Ceph
19 33 (0.22%) iptables
Systems Management
1 2,522 (16.50%) Ansible
2 2,050 (13.41%) Puppet
3 1,711 (11.19%) Kubernetes
4 1,530 (10.01%) Opscode Chef
5 1,158 (7.58%) Terraform
6 460 (3.01%) Salt
7 366 (2.39%) Nagios
8 267 (1.75%) Docker Swarm
9 242 (1.58%) Packer
10 240 (1.57%) ZABBIX
11 216 (1.41%) Prometheus
12 211 (1.38%) Grafana
13 179 (1.17%) Graphite
14 166 (1.09%) Kibana
15 154 (1.01%) Consul
16 138 (0.90%) Hadoop YARN
17 123 (0.80%) logstash
18 122 (0.80%) Oozie
19 109 (0.71%) Opsview
20 107 (0.70%) Mesos
Vendors
1 1,234 (8.07%) Google
2 1,157 (7.57%) Microsoft
3 1,007 (6.59%) Oracle
4 870 (5.69%) Red Hat
5 817 (5.35%) VMware
6 632 (4.14%) Tableau
7 377 (2.47%) SAP
8 372 (2.43%) Cisco
9 351 (2.30%) Splunk
10 279 (1.83%) Cloudera
11 227 (1.49%) Atlassian
12 198 (1.30%) Hortonworks
13 196 (1.28%) IBM
14 150 (0.98%) New Relic
15 116 (0.76%) SaltStack
16 113 (0.74%) Informatica
17 108 (0.71%) MapR
18 106 (0.69%) HP
19 103 (0.67%) Citrix
19 103 (0.67%) Sybase