Period
to 22 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 22 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
22 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 9 14 17
Rank change year-on-year +5 +3 +4
Permanent jobs citing Python 8,825 13,371 15,039
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 15.29% 11.47% 10.65%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.27% 21.18% 19.39%
Number of salaries quoted 8,705 11,716 13,151
Median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +8.33% +4.35%
10th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £35,000
90th Percentile £103,750 £110,000 £95,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +9.09%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 33,598 63,138 77,559
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 58.21% 54.16% 54.94%
Number of salaries quoted 28,678 52,992 65,471
Median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Salary trend for Python in England

Python
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 22 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Python in England

Python
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 22 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +3 5,248 £75,000 - 954
North of England +18 1,024 £55,000 +4.76% 255
South East +3 981 £55,000 +4.76% 242
South West 0 617 £52,500 +5.00% 148
Yorkshire +13 495 £55,000 +10.00% 80
Midlands +24 489 £52,500 +5.00% 138
North West +19 460 £57,500 +4.55% 157
West Midlands +21 373 £52,500 +5.00% 81
East of England +8 339 £57,500 +4.55% 166
East Midlands +22 116 £50,000 +5.26% 56
North East +14 69 £47,500 +5.56% 18
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 22 January 2021, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 3,438 (38.96%) AWS
2 3,014 (34.15%) Agile Software Development
3 2,877 (32.60%) Java
4 2,626 (29.76%) SQL
5 2,614 (29.62%) DevOps
6 2,272 (25.75%) JavaScript
7 2,152 (24.39%) Docker
8 2,022 (22.91%) Azure
9 2,015 (22.83%) Finance
10 1,991 (22.56%) Software Engineering
11 1,908 (21.62%) Linux
12 1,778 (20.15%) Kubernetes
13 1,422 (16.11%) GCP
14 1,392 (15.77%) C#
15 1,297 (14.70%) Terraform
16 1,208 (13.69%) Machine Learning
17 1,180 (13.37%) Jenkins
18 1,143 (12.95%) Analytics
19 1,120 (12.69%) Ansible
20 1,119 (12.68%) Degree
21 1,035 (11.73%) C++
22 1,029 (11.66%) Git (software)
23 1,025 (11.61%) Go
24 992 (11.24%) Microservices
25 980 (11.10%) Data Science
26 955 (10.82%) React
26 955 (10.82%) Node.js
27 901 (10.21%) Bash Shell
28 899 (10.19%) TDD
29 874 (9.90%) Computer Science

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 524 (5.94%) Apache Spark
2 354 (4.01%) Apache
3 322 (3.65%) Elasticsearch
4 214 (2.42%) Confluence
5 124 (1.41%) Apache Airflow
6 119 (1.35%) SAS
7 97 (1.10%) nginx
8 50 (0.57%) OpenStack
9 44 (0.50%) IIS
10 33 (0.37%) CMS
11 32 (0.36%) Jupyter
11 32 (0.36%) Luigi
12 30 (0.34%) JBoss
13 28 (0.32%) Cloud Foundry
13 28 (0.32%) Skype for Business
13 28 (0.32%) WordPress
14 27 (0.31%) SharePoint
15 26 (0.29%) Tornado
16 25 (0.28%) WebSphere
17 21 (0.24%) ArcGIS
Applications
1 149 (1.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 58 (0.66%) Microsoft Office
3 31 (0.35%) MS Visio
4 22 (0.25%) SPSS
5 20 (0.23%) Simulink
6 13 (0.15%) Maya
7 11 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
8 10 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 10 (0.11%) Stateflow
9 6 (0.068%) Chatbot
9 6 (0.068%) Sketch
10 5 (0.057%) Photoshop
11 3 (0.034%) Adobe Illustrator
11 3 (0.034%) Adobe XD
11 3 (0.034%) Figma
11 3 (0.034%) SPSS Modeler
12 2 (0.023%) Blender
12 2 (0.023%) InVision
13 1 (0.011%) Inkscape
13 1 (0.011%) Weka
Business Applications
1 62 (0.70%) Markit EDM
2 60 (0.68%) Eagle PACE
3 28 (0.32%) PolarLake
4 21 (0.24%) Magento
5 18 (0.20%) SAP Hybris
6 12 (0.14%) Odoo
7 10 (0.11%) FINCAD Analytics
7 10 (0.11%) Shopify
8 9 (0.10%) Sentinel
9 7 (0.079%) Dynamics CRM
9 7 (0.079%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
10 5 (0.057%) JDE OneWorld
10 5 (0.057%) R3 Corda
11 4 (0.045%) MoSes
12 3 (0.034%) Oracle EBS
12 3 (0.034%) Payment Gateway
12 3 (0.034%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 3 (0.034%) SAP Business One
13 2 (0.023%) SAP BPC
13 2 (0.023%) SAP R/3
Cloud Services
1 3,438 (38.96%) AWS
2 2,022 (22.91%) Azure
3 1,422 (16.11%) GCP
4 832 (9.43%) Serverless
5 603 (6.83%) AWS Lambda
6 475 (5.38%) Power Platform
7 463 (5.25%) SaaS
8 356 (4.03%) Amazon S3
8 356 (4.03%) GitHub
9 355 (4.02%) AWS CloudFormation
10 307 (3.48%) Amazon EC2
11 271 (3.07%) PaaS
12 236 (2.67%) IaaS
13 204 (2.31%) Amazon ECS
14 171 (1.94%) Amazon EKS
15 153 (1.73%) Cloud Computing
16 151 (1.71%) Azure Data Factory
17 131 (1.48%) Amazon Kinesis
18 116 (1.31%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 93 (1.05%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 270 (3.06%) Firewall
2 257 (2.91%) TCP/IP
3 210 (2.38%) DNS
4 181 (2.05%) HTTP
5 143 (1.62%) Internet
6 117 (1.33%) VPN
7 112 (1.27%) Wireless
8 106 (1.20%) OSPF
9 97 (1.10%) BGP
10 85 (0.96%) Network Security
11 79 (0.90%) Wi-Fi
12 71 (0.80%) DHCP
13 69 (0.78%) Wireshark
14 66 (0.75%) WAN
15 61 (0.69%) LAN
15 61 (0.69%) SNMP
16 59 (0.67%) MPLS
17 56 (0.63%) Ethernet
18 50 (0.57%) SSH
19 49 (0.56%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 840 (9.52%) PostgreSQL
2 737 (8.35%) Big Data
3 660 (7.48%) NoSQL
4 600 (6.80%) SQL Server
5 508 (5.76%) MySQL
6 501 (5.68%) Data Warehouse
7 472 (5.35%) MongoDB
8 441 (5.00%) Power BI
9 412 (4.67%) Relational Database
10 387 (4.39%) Hadoop
11 312 (3.54%) Tableau
12 288 (3.26%) Data Lake
13 243 (2.75%) Amazon Redshift
13 243 (2.75%) Redis
14 231 (2.62%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 201 (2.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 189 (2.14%) Amazon RDS
17 177 (2.01%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 149 (1.69%) Apache Hive
19 146 (1.65%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 1,180 (13.37%) Jenkins
2 1,029 (11.66%) Git (software)
3 501 (5.68%) JIRA
4 445 (5.04%) GitLab
5 294 (3.33%) Selenium
6 172 (1.95%) TeamCity
7 144 (1.63%) Subversion
8 138 (1.56%) Cucumber
9 131 (1.48%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 127 (1.44%) Bitbucket
11 117 (1.33%) Artifactory
12 105 (1.19%) Sonatype Nexus
13 97 (1.10%) Maven
14 85 (0.96%) Visual Studio
15 82 (0.93%) Appium
16 80 (0.91%) CircleCI
17 77 (0.87%) Team Foundation Server
18 73 (0.83%) WebDriver
19 60 (0.68%) JMeter
20 51 (0.58%) Eclipse
General
1 2,015 (22.83%) Finance
2 558 (6.32%) Front Office
3 515 (5.84%) Banking
4 288 (3.26%) Marketing
5 282 (3.20%) Public Sector
6 274 (3.10%) Games
7 228 (2.58%) Retail
8 184 (2.08%) Telecoms
9 183 (2.07%) Law
10 149 (1.69%) Investment Banking
11 141 (1.60%) Back Office
12 135 (1.53%) Electronics
13 105 (1.19%) Manufacturing
14 103 (1.17%) Advertising
15 57 (0.65%) Legal
16 54 (0.61%) Aerospace
17 42 (0.48%) Financial Institution
18 41 (0.46%) Publishing
19 38 (0.43%) Automotive
20 32 (0.36%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 2,768 (31.37%) Developer
2 1,188 (13.46%) Python Developer
3 1,129 (12.79%) Software Engineer
4 1,020 (11.56%) DevOps Engineer
5 816 (9.25%) Python Engineer
6 744 (8.43%) Data Engineer
7 517 (5.86%) Senior Developer
8 478 (5.42%) AWS Engineer
9 427 (4.84%) Analyst
10 356 (4.03%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 340 (3.85%) Data Scientist
12 318 (3.60%) Java Developer
13 317 (3.59%) Python Software Engineer
14 303 (3.43%) Architect
15 292 (3.31%) AWS DevOps
16 283 (3.21%) Full Stack Developer
17 281 (3.18%) Software Developer
18 266 (3.01%) AWS DevOps Engineer
19 256 (2.90%) Senior Python Developer
20 229 (2.59%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 955 (10.82%) Node.js
1 955 (10.82%) React
2 776 (8.79%) Web Services
3 742 (8.41%) AngularJS
4 673 (7.63%) .NET
5 654 (7.41%) Django
6 651 (7.38%) Kafka
7 578 (6.55%) HTML
8 483 (5.47%) Vue.js
9 472 (5.35%) CSS
10 458 (5.19%) REST
11 422 (4.78%) Flask
12 275 (3.12%) RESTful
13 252 (2.86%) Pandas
14 226 (2.56%) GraphQL
15 223 (2.53%) .NET Core
16 217 (2.46%) NumPy
17 208 (2.36%) HTML5
17 208 (2.36%) Spring
18 207 (2.35%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 579 (6.56%) Analytical Skills
2 542 (6.14%) Hedge funds
3 435 (4.93%) Derivative
4 433 (4.91%) Greenfield Project
5 421 (4.77%) Fixed Income
6 414 (4.69%) Algorithms
7 411 (4.66%) Equities
8 300 (3.40%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 235 (2.66%) Cloud Native
10 232 (2.63%) Mobile App
11 203 (2.30%) Data Structures
12 173 (1.96%) Public Cloud
13 166 (1.88%) Management Information System
14 148 (1.68%) Data Centre
15 138 (1.56%) Self-Motivation
16 133 (1.51%) Linux Command Line
17 128 (1.45%) User Experience
18 125 (1.42%) Blog
19 80 (0.91%) Virtual Team
20 73 (0.83%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 1,908 (21.62%) Linux
2 571 (6.47%) Windows
3 487 (5.52%) Unix
4 208 (2.36%) CentOS
5 202 (2.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 151 (1.71%) Android
7 116 (1.31%) Windows Server
8 101 (1.14%) Ubuntu
9 90 (1.02%) Apple iOS
10 44 (0.50%) Debian
11 38 (0.43%) Mac OS X
12 34 (0.39%) Windows Server 2016
13 27 (0.31%) Fedora
14 25 (0.28%) Windows 10
15 23 (0.26%) Mac OS
15 23 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
16 15 (0.17%) VMS
17 13 (0.15%) Solaris
18 10 (0.11%) Amazon Linux
18 10 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,014 (34.15%) Agile Software Development
2 2,614 (29.62%) DevOps
3 1,991 (22.56%) Software Engineering
4 1,208 (13.69%) Machine Learning
5 1,143 (12.95%) Analytics
6 992 (11.24%) Microservices
7 980 (11.10%) Data Science
8 899 (10.19%) TDD
9 874 (9.90%) Computer Science
10 813 (9.21%) Test Automation
11 791 (8.96%) Problem-Solving
12 765 (8.67%) Fintech
13 710 (8.05%) Business Intelligence
14 709 (8.03%) Continuous Integration
15 698 (7.91%) Artificial Intelligence
16 655 (7.42%) Scrum
17 612 (6.93%) Configuration Management
17 612 (6.93%) Infrastructure as Code
18 607 (6.88%) Asset Management
19 603 (6.83%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 2,877 (32.60%) Java
2 2,626 (29.76%) SQL
3 2,272 (25.75%) JavaScript
4 1,392 (15.77%) C#
5 1,035 (11.73%) C++
6 1,025 (11.61%) Go
7 901 (10.21%) Bash Shell
8 674 (7.64%) Ruby
9 648 (7.34%) PowerShell
10 622 (7.05%) R
11 486 (5.51%) PHP
12 465 (5.27%) Scala
13 427 (4.84%) C
14 415 (4.70%) TypeScript
15 395 (4.48%) Perl
16 284 (3.22%) Shell Script
17 275 (3.12%) Kotlin
18 111 (1.26%) Groovy
19 93 (1.05%) MATLAB
20 89 (1.01%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1,119 (12.68%) Degree
2 391 (4.43%) Security Cleared
3 339 (3.84%) Computer Science Degree
4 291 (3.30%) SC Cleared
5 227 (2.57%) PhD
6 138 (1.56%) Numerate Degree
7 130 (1.47%) AWS Certification
8 91 (1.03%) DV Cleared
9 88 (1.00%) Cisco Certification
10 69 (0.78%) Master's Degree
11 64 (0.73%) CCNP
12 56 (0.63%) ISTQB
13 48 (0.54%) CISSP
14 39 (0.44%) CCIE
15 31 (0.35%) Sun Certification
16 29 (0.33%) BPSS Clearance
16 29 (0.33%) CCNA
16 29 (0.33%) RHCE
17 28 (0.32%) Microsoft Certification
18 26 (0.29%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 351 (3.98%) QA
2 85 (0.96%) Data Quality
3 65 (0.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 52 (0.59%) SLA
5 50 (0.57%) GDPR
6 33 (0.37%) NIST
7 25 (0.28%) PCI DSS
8 19 (0.22%) PMO
9 15 (0.17%) MiFID
10 14 (0.16%) EMIR
11 13 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
12 11 (0.12%) HIPAA
12 11 (0.12%) ISO 9001
12 11 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 10 (0.11%) NCSC
13 10 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 9 (0.10%) ISO 22301
14 9 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27005
15 8 (0.091%) ISO 26262
16 7 (0.079%) WCAG
System Software
1 2,152 (24.39%) Docker
2 205 (2.32%) VMware Infrastructure
3 164 (1.86%) Active Directory
4 60 (0.68%) HDFS
5 59 (0.67%) Hyper-V
6 56 (0.63%) Firmware
7 42 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
8 32 (0.36%) KVM
9 30 (0.34%) VMware ESXi
10 28 (0.32%) Xen
11 26 (0.29%) VirtualBox
12 20 (0.23%) vSphere
13 14 (0.16%) Ceph
14 13 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 13 (0.15%) BitLocker
15 12 (0.14%) NFS
16 11 (0.12%) VMware NSX
17 10 (0.11%) RHEV
17 10 (0.11%) Samba
18 8 (0.091%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 1,778 (20.15%) Kubernetes
2 1,297 (14.70%) Terraform
3 1,120 (12.69%) Ansible
4 708 (8.02%) Puppet
5 422 (4.78%) Opscode Chef
6 212 (2.40%) Grafana
7 197 (2.23%) Prometheus
8 95 (1.08%) Nagios
9 50 (0.57%) Packer
10 49 (0.56%) Kibana
11 44 (0.50%) Salt
12 42 (0.48%) Graphite
13 40 (0.45%) SCCM
14 35 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
15 33 (0.37%) Consul
16 30 (0.34%) Graylog
17 24 (0.27%) Rancher
17 24 (0.27%) ZABBIX
18 23 (0.26%) Single Sign-On
19 22 (0.25%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 693 (7.85%) Microsoft
2 660 (7.48%) Google
3 387 (4.39%) Oracle
4 279 (3.16%) VMware
5 225 (2.55%) Databricks
6 200 (2.27%) Red Hat
7 145 (1.64%) Splunk
8 119 (1.35%) Atlassian
9 118 (1.34%) SAP
10 116 (1.31%) Cisco
11 105 (1.19%) SaltStack
12 98 (1.11%) IBM
13 89 (1.01%) Talend
14 83 (0.94%) New Relic
15 79 (0.90%) Salesforce.com
16 73 (0.83%) Bloomberg
17 66 (0.75%) Informatica
18 65 (0.74%) Cloudera
19 63 (0.71%) Apple
20 55 (0.62%) ServiceNow