Period
to 25 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 25 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 11 10 15
Rank change year-on-year -1 +5 +5
Permanent jobs citing Python 15,991 7,061 14,440
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 14.42% 15.74% 11.47%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.57% 26.51% 21.39%
Number of salaries quoted 9,965 6,036 11,471
10th Percentile £42,481 £40,000 £36,475
25th Percentile £51,250 £47,500 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £112,500 £100,000
UK median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 60,194 26,635 67,509
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 54.27% 59.38% 53.62%
Number of salaries quoted 40,492 23,020 56,446
10th Percentile £36,000 £34,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £44,250 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +9.52% +5.00%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £92,500 £87,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Salary trend for Python in England

Python
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Python in England

Python
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 10,321 £77,500 +3.33% 1,521
South East -6 1,797 £55,000 - 350
North of England 0 1,439 £60,000 +9.09% 339
South West +1 887 £50,375 +0.75% 214
Midlands -9 722 £55,875 +11.75% 196
North West +1 689 £60,000 +9.09% 198
Yorkshire -3 683 £57,500 +4.55% 111
West Midlands -7 519 £60,000 +14.29% 135
East of England -7 517 £57,500 +4.55% 244
East Midlands -13 191 £45,000 +5.88% 59
North East -19 75 £55,000 +22.22% 30
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 7,067 (44.19%) AWS
2 5,865 (36.68%) Agile Software Development
3 5,100 (31.89%) Java
4 5,004 (31.29%) SQL
5 4,867 (30.44%) Software Engineering
6 4,713 (29.47%) DevOps
7 4,166 (26.05%) Azure
8 4,112 (25.71%) JavaScript
9 4,096 (25.61%) Docker
10 3,894 (24.35%) Finance
11 3,657 (22.87%) Kubernetes
12 3,323 (20.78%) Analytics
13 3,134 (19.60%) Linux
14 3,100 (19.39%) GCP
15 2,907 (18.18%) Social Skills
16 2,818 (17.62%) React
17 2,727 (17.05%) Terraform
18 2,649 (16.57%) Data Science
19 2,368 (14.81%) C#
20 2,351 (14.70%) Degree
21 2,325 (14.54%) Microservices
22 2,272 (14.21%) Machine Learning
23 2,166 (13.55%) Problem-Solving
24 2,145 (13.41%) Git (software)
25 2,053 (12.84%) Full Stack Development
26 2,026 (12.67%) Go
27 2,002 (12.52%) Serverless
28 1,999 (12.50%) Jenkins
28 1,999 (12.50%) Computer Science
29 1,933 (12.09%) Node.js

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,166 (7.29%) Apache Spark
2 707 (4.42%) Elasticsearch
3 661 (4.13%) Apache
4 417 (2.61%) Apache Airflow
5 397 (2.48%) Confluence
6 204 (1.28%) nginx
7 158 (0.99%) GemFire
8 148 (0.93%) SAS
9 122 (0.76%) Jupyter
10 93 (0.58%) GeoServer
11 91 (0.57%) CMS
12 82 (0.51%) Tomcat
13 80 (0.50%) SharePoint
14 77 (0.48%) IIS
15 69 (0.43%) OpenStack
16 62 (0.39%) Apache Solr
17 60 (0.38%) Cloud Foundry
18 53 (0.33%) WordPress
19 47 (0.29%) Luigi
20 46 (0.29%) Tornado
Applications
1 375 (2.35%) Microsoft Excel
2 146 (0.91%) Microsoft Office
3 55 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 54 (0.34%) Simulink
5 44 (0.28%) Chatbot
6 28 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
7 26 (0.16%) MS Visio
8 25 (0.16%) Stateflow
9 24 (0.15%) Photoshop
10 21 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
11 17 (0.11%) SPSS
12 15 (0.094%) GIMP
12 15 (0.094%) Maya
13 9 (0.056%) Campfire
14 7 (0.044%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 7 (0.044%) AutoCAD
15 6 (0.038%) MotionBuilder
16 5 (0.031%) Fireworks
16 5 (0.031%) Zemax
17 4 (0.025%) Weka
Business Applications
1 66 (0.41%) Magento
2 40 (0.25%) Sentinel
3 39 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
3 39 (0.24%) Shopify
4 28 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
5 20 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
5 20 (0.13%) IBM Planning Analytics
6 13 (0.081%) Summit
7 9 (0.056%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 9 (0.056%) SAP S/4HANA
8 8 (0.050%) Primavera
9 7 (0.044%) FastStats
9 7 (0.044%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 7 (0.044%) R3 Corda
10 6 (0.038%) Unica
11 5 (0.031%) FINCAD Analytics
12 4 (0.025%) Cognos Business Intelligence
12 4 (0.025%) SAP BPC
12 4 (0.025%) SAP FI
12 4 (0.025%) SAP GRC
Cloud Services
1 7,067 (44.19%) AWS
2 4,166 (26.05%) Azure
3 3,100 (19.39%) GCP
4 2,002 (12.52%) Serverless
5 1,130 (7.07%) AWS Lambda
6 1,000 (6.25%) GitHub
7 965 (6.03%) Power Platform
8 923 (5.77%) AWS CloudFormation
9 801 (5.01%) Amazon S3
10 786 (4.92%) SaaS
11 699 (4.37%) Amazon EC2
12 586 (3.66%) Amazon ECS
13 574 (3.59%) PaaS
14 389 (2.43%) Snowflake
15 352 (2.20%) Amazon Kinesis
15 352 (2.20%) IaaS
16 311 (1.94%) Cloud Computing
17 300 (1.88%) Azure Data Factory
18 296 (1.85%) Amazon SQS
19 293 (1.83%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 562 (3.51%) HTTP
2 359 (2.25%) Firewall
3 322 (2.01%) TCP/IP
4 314 (1.96%) DNS
5 267 (1.67%) Broadband
6 208 (1.30%) Internet
7 195 (1.22%) VPN
8 110 (0.69%) Network Security
9 104 (0.65%) DHCP
10 87 (0.54%) Wireless
11 78 (0.49%) Wi-Fi
12 77 (0.48%) WAN
13 76 (0.48%) BGP
14 69 (0.43%) OSPF
15 68 (0.43%) MQTT
16 67 (0.42%) DVB
16 67 (0.42%) LAN
17 64 (0.40%) Wireshark
18 61 (0.38%) SSH
19 60 (0.38%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,930 (12.07%) PostgreSQL
2 1,452 (9.08%) Big Data
3 1,388 (8.68%) NoSQL
4 1,157 (7.24%) MySQL
5 1,055 (6.60%) Relational Database
6 1,053 (6.58%) Data Warehouse
7 928 (5.80%) Power BI
8 889 (5.56%) SQL Server
9 872 (5.45%) MongoDB
10 725 (4.53%) Tableau
11 722 (4.52%) Redis
12 658 (4.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 652 (4.08%) Hadoop
14 607 (3.80%) Data Lake
15 488 (3.05%) Amazon Redshift
16 388 (2.43%) Amazon RDS
17 383 (2.40%) BigQuery
18 378 (2.36%) Amazon Athena
19 325 (2.03%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 306 (1.91%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 2,145 (13.41%) Git (software)
2 1,999 (12.50%) Jenkins
3 931 (5.82%) JIRA
4 787 (4.92%) GitLab
5 421 (2.63%) Selenium
6 386 (2.41%) Cypress.io
7 365 (2.28%) Cucumber
8 303 (1.89%) CircleCI
9 259 (1.62%) TeamCity
10 254 (1.59%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 253 (1.58%) JUnit
12 252 (1.58%) Bitbucket
13 241 (1.51%) Sonatype Nexus
14 229 (1.43%) SonarQube
15 217 (1.36%) Artifactory
15 217 (1.36%) Gradle
16 192 (1.20%) Mockito
17 186 (1.16%) Octopus Deploy
18 184 (1.15%) Protractor
18 184 (1.15%) Storybook
General
1 3,894 (24.35%) Finance
2 2,907 (18.18%) Social Skills
3 1,398 (8.74%) Analytical Skills
4 1,116 (6.98%) Banking
5 661 (4.13%) Marketing
6 660 (4.13%) Front Office
7 640 (4.00%) Retail
8 573 (3.58%) Games
9 502 (3.14%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 488 (3.05%) Law
11 332 (2.08%) Public Sector
12 309 (1.93%) Telecoms
13 285 (1.78%) Presentation Skills
14 228 (1.43%) Advertising
15 223 (1.39%) Legal
16 215 (1.34%) Organisational Skills
17 206 (1.29%) Manufacturing
18 195 (1.22%) Pharmaceutical
19 179 (1.12%) Automotive
20 170 (1.06%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 4,356 (27.24%) Developer
2 2,562 (16.02%) Software Engineer
3 1,575 (9.85%) DevOps Engineer
4 1,474 (9.22%) Python Developer
5 1,423 (8.90%) Data Engineer
6 1,236 (7.73%) Python Engineer
7 937 (5.86%) Senior Developer
8 871 (5.45%) AWS Engineer
9 818 (5.12%) Analyst
10 620 (3.88%) Senior Software Engineer
11 585 (3.66%) Python Software Engineer
12 566 (3.54%) Software Developer
13 531 (3.32%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 524 (3.28%) Cloud Engineer
15 518 (3.24%) Data Scientist
16 497 (3.11%) Full Stack Developer
17 495 (3.10%) Architect
18 476 (2.98%) Java Developer
19 351 (2.19%) AWS DevOps
20 346 (2.16%) Backend Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,818 (17.62%) React
2 1,933 (12.09%) Node.js
3 1,425 (8.91%) Web Services
4 1,405 (8.79%) AngularJS
5 1,377 (8.61%) Django
6 1,255 (7.85%) REST
7 1,253 (7.84%) Kafka
8 1,102 (6.89%) CSS
9 1,068 (6.68%) .NET
10 1,018 (6.37%) HTML
11 789 (4.93%) RESTful
12 780 (4.88%) Vue.js
13 679 (4.25%) Flask
14 628 (3.93%) GraphQL
15 627 (3.92%) Spring
16 616 (3.85%) JSON
17 564 (3.53%) Redux
18 415 (2.60%) Pandas
19 410 (2.56%) RabbitMQ
20 405 (2.53%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 1,246 (7.79%) Algorithms
2 914 (5.72%) User Experience
3 624 (3.90%) Hedge funds
4 597 (3.73%) Greenfield Project
5 528 (3.30%) Data Structures
6 526 (3.29%) Equities
7 514 (3.21%) Derivative
8 502 (3.14%) Self-Motivation
9 477 (2.98%) Cloud Native
10 455 (2.85%) Fixed Income
11 381 (2.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 369 (2.31%) Social Media
13 361 (2.26%) Public Cloud
14 341 (2.13%) Linux Command Line
15 322 (2.01%) Management Information System
16 321 (2.01%) Virtual Team
17 293 (1.83%) Mobile App
18 223 (1.39%) Data Centre
19 171 (1.07%) Blog
20 158 (0.99%) Pricing Data
Operating Systems
1 3,134 (19.60%) Linux
2 994 (6.22%) Unix
3 980 (6.13%) Windows
4 287 (1.79%) CentOS
5 279 (1.74%) Android
6 240 (1.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 233 (1.46%) Apple iOS
7 233 (1.46%) Ubuntu
8 183 (1.14%) Windows Server
9 99 (0.62%) Mac OS
10 57 (0.36%) Debian
11 50 (0.31%) VMS
12 49 (0.31%) Mesosphere
12 49 (0.31%) Windows 10
13 44 (0.28%) Embedded Linux
14 28 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
15 23 (0.14%) Mac OS X
16 21 (0.13%) Windows Server 2016
17 19 (0.12%) Solaris
18 18 (0.11%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,865 (36.68%) Agile Software Development
2 4,867 (30.44%) Software Engineering
3 4,713 (29.47%) DevOps
4 3,323 (20.78%) Analytics
5 2,649 (16.57%) Data Science
6 2,325 (14.54%) Microservices
7 2,272 (14.21%) Machine Learning
8 2,166 (13.55%) Problem-Solving
9 2,053 (12.84%) Full Stack Development
10 1,999 (12.50%) Computer Science
11 1,815 (11.35%) Artificial Intelligence
12 1,734 (10.84%) Test Automation
13 1,551 (9.70%) TDD
14 1,525 (9.54%) Continuous Integration
15 1,434 (8.97%) Infrastructure as Code
16 1,431 (8.95%) Mentoring
17 1,382 (8.64%) Business Intelligence
18 1,352 (8.45%) Scrum
19 1,198 (7.49%) Visualisation
20 1,195 (7.47%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 5,100 (31.89%) Java
2 5,004 (31.29%) SQL
3 4,112 (25.71%) JavaScript
4 2,368 (14.81%) C#
5 2,026 (12.67%) Go
6 1,853 (11.59%) C++
7 1,736 (10.86%) Bash Shell
8 1,398 (8.74%) TypeScript
9 1,255 (7.85%) PowerShell
10 1,223 (7.65%) Ruby
11 1,093 (6.84%) R
11 1,093 (6.84%) Scala
12 972 (6.08%) C
13 766 (4.79%) PHP
14 637 (3.98%) Perl
15 562 (3.51%) Shell Script
16 534 (3.34%) Kotlin
17 386 (2.41%) Groovy
18 292 (1.83%) MATLAB
19 228 (1.43%) Rust
Qualifications
1 2,351 (14.70%) Degree
2 688 (4.30%) Computer Science Degree
3 607 (3.80%) Security Cleared
4 418 (2.61%) PhD
5 363 (2.27%) SC Cleared
6 306 (1.91%) Master's Degree
7 263 (1.64%) AWS Certification
8 162 (1.01%) Oracle Certification
9 160 (1.00%) OCP
10 144 (0.90%) Cisco Certification
11 126 (0.79%) Numerate Degree
12 97 (0.61%) DV Cleared
13 66 (0.41%) CISSP
14 60 (0.38%) SANS
15 58 (0.36%) CCNP
16 57 (0.36%) ISTQB
17 51 (0.32%) HND
18 44 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
19 42 (0.26%) (ISC)2 CCSP
19 42 (0.26%) GCIH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 998 (6.24%) QA
2 359 (2.25%) Data Quality
3 231 (1.44%) GDPR
4 123 (0.77%) Accessibility
5 85 (0.53%) SLA
6 58 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 35 (0.22%) GRC
8 33 (0.21%) WCAG
9 29 (0.18%) NIST
10 26 (0.16%) MiFID
10 26 (0.16%) PMO
11 24 (0.15%) PCI DSS
12 16 (0.10%) GxP
13 13 (0.081%) Actionable Recommendations
14 12 (0.075%) ISO 26262
14 12 (0.075%) WAI
15 9 (0.056%) HIPAA
15 9 (0.056%) ISO 13485
16 8 (0.050%) EMIR
17 7 (0.044%) NCSC
System Software
1 4,096 (25.61%) Docker
2 342 (2.14%) VMware Infrastructure
3 176 (1.10%) Active Directory
4 170 (1.06%) HDFS
5 149 (0.93%) Virtual Machines
6 101 (0.63%) Firmware
7 61 (0.38%) Hyper-V
8 50 (0.31%) VMware ESXi
9 48 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 40 (0.25%) VirtualBox
11 35 (0.22%) vSphere
12 34 (0.21%) NFS
13 30 (0.19%) Varnish
14 25 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
15 19 (0.12%) KVM
16 17 (0.11%) VMware NSX
17 15 (0.094%) iptables
18 11 (0.069%) Ceph
18 11 (0.069%) etcd
18 11 (0.069%) LXC
Systems Management
1 3,657 (22.87%) Kubernetes
2 2,727 (17.05%) Terraform
3 1,914 (11.97%) Ansible
4 997 (6.23%) Puppet
5 861 (5.38%) Opscode Chef
6 527 (3.30%) Prometheus
7 466 (2.91%) Grafana
8 182 (1.14%) Kibana
9 117 (0.73%) Docker Swarm
10 88 (0.55%) Consul
11 87 (0.54%) logstash
11 87 (0.54%) Nagios
12 85 (0.53%) Istio
13 79 (0.49%) Salt
14 68 (0.43%) Packer
15 61 (0.38%) HAProxy
16 50 (0.31%) ZABBIX
17 44 (0.28%) Rancher
18 43 (0.27%) Automic
19 40 (0.25%) Mesos
Vendors
1 1,538 (9.62%) Google
2 1,075 (6.72%) Microsoft
3 794 (4.97%) Oracle
4 470 (2.94%) VMware
5 459 (2.87%) Databricks
6 337 (2.11%) Red Hat
7 278 (1.74%) Splunk
8 199 (1.24%) Cisco
9 188 (1.18%) SAP
10 179 (1.12%) IBM
11 174 (1.09%) SaltStack
12 159 (0.99%) Okta
13 154 (0.96%) New Relic
14 141 (0.88%) Salesforce.com
15 140 (0.88%) Atlassian
16 129 (0.81%) Facebook
17 116 (0.73%) Informatica
18 105 (0.66%) Talend
19 92 (0.58%) Apple
20 88 (0.55%) YouTube