Period
to 17 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 17 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
17 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 10 13 16
Rank change year-on-year +3 +3 +4
Permanent jobs citing Python 10,824 12,190 15,436
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 14.46% 11.89% 11.20%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.07% 21.80% 20.53%
Number of salaries quoted 8,425 10,045 12,621
10th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £35,000
25th Percentile £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £64,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +0.78% +7.50% +4.35%
75th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £80,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £107,500 £97,500
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +4.35%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 41,512 55,914 75,176
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.45% 54.55% 54.56%
Number of salaries quoted 34,019 47,039 62,858
10th Percentile £34,200 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Salary trend for Python in England

Python
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 17 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Python in England

Python
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 17 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +4 6,308 £75,000 - 1,071
North of England +9 1,255 £57,500 +9.52% 282
South East +1 1,126 £55,000 +4.76% 272
South West +5 854 £52,500 +5.00% 176
Midlands +12 707 £50,000 - 148
Yorkshire +10 633 £57,500 +9.52% 106
North West +8 566 £57,500 +9.52% 149
West Midlands +9 472 £57,500 +15.00% 100
East of England +7 402 £57,500 +4.55% 210
East Midlands +19 229 £50,000 - 48
North East -12 57 £47,500 - 27
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 17 April 2021, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 4,198 (38.78%) AWS
2 3,799 (35.10%) Agile Software Development
3 3,457 (31.94%) Java
4 3,300 (30.49%) SQL
5 3,126 (28.88%) DevOps
6 2,923 (27.00%) Docker
7 2,772 (25.61%) JavaScript
8 2,677 (24.73%) Software Engineering
9 2,456 (22.69%) Azure
10 2,446 (22.60%) Kubernetes
11 2,372 (21.91%) Finance
12 2,331 (21.54%) Linux
13 1,871 (17.29%) GCP
14 1,771 (16.36%) C#
15 1,733 (16.01%) Terraform
16 1,722 (15.91%) Analytics
17 1,546 (14.28%) Degree
18 1,473 (13.61%) Data Science
19 1,453 (13.42%) Machine Learning
20 1,405 (12.98%) Ansible
21 1,370 (12.66%) Jenkins
22 1,345 (12.43%) Go
23 1,332 (12.31%) Git (software)
24 1,294 (11.95%) C++
25 1,238 (11.44%) Computer Science
26 1,232 (11.38%) Microservices
27 1,217 (11.24%) Bash Shell
28 1,184 (10.94%) React
29 1,114 (10.29%) Node.js
30 1,075 (9.93%) Problem-Solving

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 686 (6.34%) Apache Spark
2 377 (3.48%) Apache
3 363 (3.35%) Elasticsearch
4 325 (3.00%) Confluence
5 241 (2.23%) Apache Airflow
6 143 (1.32%) SAS
7 127 (1.17%) nginx
8 57 (0.53%) Luigi
9 54 (0.50%) OpenStack
10 48 (0.44%) IIS
11 46 (0.42%) Jupyter
12 38 (0.35%) CMS
13 35 (0.32%) Cloud Foundry
14 34 (0.31%) WordPress
15 32 (0.30%) Apache Pig
15 32 (0.30%) Drupal
15 32 (0.30%) JBoss
15 32 (0.30%) SharePoint
16 26 (0.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 25 (0.23%) Tornado
Applications
1 209 (1.93%) Microsoft Excel
2 69 (0.64%) Microsoft Office
3 42 (0.39%) Simulink
4 31 (0.29%) MS Visio
5 30 (0.28%) Stateflow
6 23 (0.21%) SPSS
7 16 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
8 15 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 14 (0.13%) Photoshop
10 11 (0.10%) Sketch
11 10 (0.092%) Adobe Illustrator
12 9 (0.083%) Maya
13 6 (0.055%) Gephi
13 6 (0.055%) OrCAD
14 5 (0.046%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 5 (0.046%) Fireworks
14 5 (0.046%) Stata
15 4 (0.037%) Chatbot
16 3 (0.028%) Zemax
17 2 (0.018%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 21 (0.19%) Magento
2 19 (0.18%) R3 Corda
3 15 (0.14%) Sentinel
4 12 (0.11%) Shopify
5 11 (0.10%) FINCAD Analytics
6 10 (0.092%) Eagle PACE
6 10 (0.092%) Markit EDM
7 9 (0.083%) NetSuite
8 7 (0.065%) Dynamics AX
8 7 (0.065%) Remedy ITSM
9 6 (0.055%) Payment Gateway
10 5 (0.046%) JDE OneWorld
10 5 (0.046%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
11 4 (0.037%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
11 4 (0.037%) Oracle EBS
11 4 (0.037%) SAP Hybris
12 3 (0.028%) Distributed Ledger
12 3 (0.028%) Dynamics CRM
12 3 (0.028%) Endur
12 3 (0.028%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 4,198 (38.78%) AWS
2 2,456 (22.69%) Azure
3 1,871 (17.29%) GCP
4 1,014 (9.37%) Serverless
5 611 (5.64%) AWS Lambda
6 572 (5.28%) Power Platform
7 545 (5.04%) SaaS
8 509 (4.70%) AWS CloudFormation
9 439 (4.06%) GitHub
10 358 (3.31%) Amazon EC2
11 344 (3.18%) PaaS
12 342 (3.16%) Amazon S3
13 297 (2.74%) Amazon ECS
14 255 (2.36%) IaaS
15 243 (2.25%) Amazon EKS
16 227 (2.10%) Cloud Computing
17 169 (1.56%) Azure Data Factory
18 154 (1.42%) Amazon Kinesis
19 139 (1.28%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 122 (1.13%) Pulumi
Communications & Networking
1 350 (3.23%) Firewall
2 268 (2.48%) TCP/IP
3 232 (2.14%) HTTP
4 195 (1.80%) DNS
5 183 (1.69%) Internet
6 130 (1.20%) VPN
7 115 (1.06%) Wireless
8 101 (0.93%) OSPF
9 90 (0.83%) Wi-Fi
10 88 (0.81%) Wireshark
11 83 (0.77%) Ethernet
12 75 (0.69%) VLAN
13 73 (0.67%) BGP
14 72 (0.67%) DHCP
15 70 (0.65%) IPv4
16 68 (0.63%) Network Security
17 65 (0.60%) WAN
18 60 (0.55%) HTTPS
19 58 (0.54%) SSH
20 54 (0.50%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 938 (8.67%) Big Data
2 920 (8.50%) PostgreSQL
3 800 (7.39%) NoSQL
4 734 (6.78%) SQL Server
5 677 (6.25%) Data Warehouse
6 643 (5.94%) MySQL
7 599 (5.53%) Relational Database
8 580 (5.36%) MongoDB
9 561 (5.18%) Power BI
10 529 (4.89%) Hadoop
11 437 (4.04%) Tableau
12 327 (3.02%) Redis
13 302 (2.79%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 296 (2.73%) Amazon Redshift
15 291 (2.69%) Data Lake
16 267 (2.47%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 222 (2.05%) Amazon RDS
18 213 (1.97%) BigQuery
19 206 (1.90%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 182 (1.68%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 1,370 (12.66%) Jenkins
2 1,332 (12.31%) Git (software)
3 662 (6.12%) JIRA
4 533 (4.92%) GitLab
5 309 (2.85%) Selenium
6 216 (2.00%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 182 (1.68%) Cucumber
7 182 (1.68%) Subversion
8 168 (1.55%) TeamCity
9 166 (1.53%) Bitbucket
10 128 (1.18%) CircleCI
11 125 (1.15%) Sonatype Nexus
12 121 (1.12%) Artifactory
13 102 (0.94%) JMeter
14 101 (0.93%) Maven
15 92 (0.85%) Vagrant
16 87 (0.80%) Team Foundation Server
17 76 (0.70%) Cypress.io
18 75 (0.69%) Appium
19 74 (0.68%) Travis CI
General
1 2,372 (21.91%) Finance
2 587 (5.42%) Banking
3 448 (4.14%) Front Office
4 428 (3.95%) Marketing
5 409 (3.78%) Games
6 398 (3.68%) Public Sector
7 311 (2.87%) Retail
8 302 (2.79%) Telecoms
9 241 (2.23%) Electronics
10 228 (2.11%) Law
11 223 (2.06%) Manufacturing
12 146 (1.35%) Legal
13 127 (1.17%) Advertising
14 120 (1.11%) Investment Banking
15 96 (0.89%) Back Office
16 83 (0.77%) Multimedia
17 69 (0.64%) Financial Institution
18 59 (0.55%) Automotive
19 49 (0.45%) Aerospace
20 46 (0.42%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 3,070 (28.36%) Developer
2 1,373 (12.68%) Software Engineer
3 1,246 (11.51%) DevOps Engineer
4 1,135 (10.49%) Python Developer
5 965 (8.92%) Data Engineer
6 784 (7.24%) Python Engineer
7 635 (5.87%) AWS Engineer
8 529 (4.89%) Analyst
8 529 (4.89%) Senior Developer
9 418 (3.86%) Data Scientist
10 386 (3.57%) Software Developer
11 363 (3.35%) Cloud Engineer
12 346 (3.20%) Architect
13 340 (3.14%) Java Developer
14 320 (2.96%) AWS DevOps
15 319 (2.95%) Developer/Software Engineer
16 300 (2.77%) Senior Software Engineer
17 290 (2.68%) Full Stack Developer
18 288 (2.66%) AWS DevOps Engineer
19 283 (2.61%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,184 (10.94%) React
2 1,114 (10.29%) Node.js
3 890 (8.22%) .NET
4 852 (7.87%) Kafka
5 850 (7.85%) Web Services
6 797 (7.36%) HTML
7 774 (7.15%) AngularJS
8 733 (6.77%) Django
9 697 (6.44%) CSS
10 595 (5.50%) REST
11 470 (4.34%) Flask
12 441 (4.07%) Vue.js
13 392 (3.62%) RESTful
14 351 (3.24%) HTML5
15 345 (3.19%) GraphQL
16 251 (2.32%) Spring
17 245 (2.26%) .NET Core
18 231 (2.13%) React Native
19 230 (2.12%) Pandas
20 224 (2.07%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 752 (6.95%) Analytical Skills
2 556 (5.14%) Algorithms
3 421 (3.89%) Hedge funds
4 419 (3.87%) Greenfield Project
5 387 (3.58%) Data Structures
6 332 (3.07%) Equities
7 329 (3.04%) Derivative
8 277 (2.56%) Public Cloud
9 250 (2.31%) Cloud Native
10 240 (2.22%) Mobile App
11 230 (2.12%) Fixed Income
12 213 (1.97%) Linux Command Line
13 204 (1.88%) Data Centre
14 199 (1.84%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 188 (1.74%) User Experience
16 184 (1.70%) Self-Motivation
17 155 (1.43%) Management Information System
18 150 (1.39%) Blog
19 91 (0.84%) NHS
20 88 (0.81%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 2,331 (21.54%) Linux
2 764 (7.06%) Windows
3 599 (5.53%) Unix
4 244 (2.25%) CentOS
5 220 (2.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 195 (1.80%) Android
7 165 (1.52%) Windows Server
8 148 (1.37%) Ubuntu
9 134 (1.24%) Apple iOS
10 65 (0.60%) Windows Server 2016
11 53 (0.49%) Debian
12 27 (0.25%) Windows 10
13 22 (0.20%) Mac OS
14 19 (0.18%) Embedded Linux
15 18 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
16 17 (0.16%) Solaris
17 16 (0.15%) Fedora
17 16 (0.15%) Windows 7
18 15 (0.14%) Kali Linux
19 13 (0.12%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,799 (35.10%) Agile Software Development
2 3,126 (28.88%) DevOps
3 2,677 (24.73%) Software Engineering
4 1,722 (15.91%) Analytics
5 1,473 (13.61%) Data Science
6 1,453 (13.42%) Machine Learning
7 1,238 (11.44%) Computer Science
8 1,232 (11.38%) Microservices
9 1,075 (9.93%) Problem-Solving
10 1,016 (9.39%) Business Intelligence
11 981 (9.06%) TDD
12 976 (9.02%) Test Automation
13 969 (8.95%) Artificial Intelligence
14 948 (8.76%) Continuous Integration
15 908 (8.39%) Infrastructure as Code
16 848 (7.83%) Fintech
17 823 (7.60%) ETL
18 791 (7.31%) Mentoring
19 789 (7.29%) Scrum
20 770 (7.11%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 3,457 (31.94%) Java
2 3,300 (30.49%) SQL
3 2,772 (25.61%) JavaScript
4 1,771 (16.36%) C#
5 1,345 (12.43%) Go
6 1,294 (11.95%) C++
7 1,217 (11.24%) Bash Shell
8 833 (7.70%) Ruby
9 792 (7.32%) PowerShell
10 725 (6.70%) R
11 648 (5.99%) TypeScript
12 643 (5.94%) Scala
13 607 (5.61%) PHP
14 588 (5.43%) C
15 447 (4.13%) Perl
16 276 (2.55%) Kotlin
17 271 (2.50%) Shell Script
18 184 (1.70%) Groovy
19 162 (1.50%) Java 8
19 162 (1.50%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1,546 (14.28%) Degree
2 544 (5.03%) Security Cleared
3 497 (4.59%) Computer Science Degree
4 388 (3.58%) SC Cleared
5 317 (2.93%) PhD
6 158 (1.46%) Master's Degree
7 153 (1.41%) Numerate Degree
8 136 (1.26%) AWS Certification
9 129 (1.19%) DV Cleared
10 90 (0.83%) OCP
10 90 (0.83%) Oracle Certification
11 79 (0.73%) CIW
11 79 (0.73%) OCA
12 76 (0.70%) Cisco Certification
13 54 (0.50%) RHCE
14 45 (0.42%) CCNP
14 45 (0.42%) ISTQB
15 42 (0.39%) GIAC
16 39 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
17 35 (0.32%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 481 (4.44%) QA
2 148 (1.37%) Data Quality
3 82 (0.76%) GDPR
4 60 (0.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 38 (0.35%) SLA
6 22 (0.20%) NIST
6 22 (0.20%) PCI DSS
7 21 (0.19%) MiFID
8 19 (0.18%) ISO 9001
9 14 (0.13%) HIPAA
10 13 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 12 (0.11%) Actionable Recommendations
11 12 (0.11%) NCSC
12 11 (0.10%) ISO 26262
12 11 (0.10%) SOC 2
13 10 (0.092%) GRC
13 10 (0.092%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 10 (0.092%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 10 (0.092%) MISRA
13 10 (0.092%) MISRA C
System Software
1 2,923 (27.00%) Docker
2 276 (2.55%) VMware Infrastructure
3 151 (1.40%) Active Directory
4 80 (0.74%) VMware ESXi
5 79 (0.73%) Firmware
6 77 (0.71%) VirtualBox
7 55 (0.51%) Hyper-V
8 51 (0.47%) HDFS
8 51 (0.47%) KVM
9 44 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
10 27 (0.25%) vSphere
11 25 (0.23%) Xen
12 19 (0.18%) VMware NSX
13 17 (0.16%) Apache Flume
13 17 (0.16%) NFS
14 12 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 12 (0.11%) Samba
15 11 (0.10%) Oracle RAC
16 9 (0.083%) BitLocker
17 8 (0.074%) FreeRADIUS
Systems Management
1 2,446 (22.60%) Kubernetes
2 1,733 (16.01%) Terraform
3 1,405 (12.98%) Ansible
4 833 (7.70%) Puppet
5 508 (4.69%) Opscode Chef
6 325 (3.00%) Prometheus
7 278 (2.57%) Grafana
8 117 (1.08%) Docker Swarm
9 95 (0.88%) Nagios
10 90 (0.83%) Packer
11 84 (0.78%) Kibana
12 68 (0.63%) Consul
13 54 (0.50%) Graylog
14 51 (0.47%) Salt
15 43 (0.40%) Graphite
16 41 (0.38%) CFEngine
17 40 (0.37%) HP Quality Center
18 33 (0.30%) logstash
19 29 (0.27%) FortiGate
20 26 (0.24%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 914 (8.44%) Microsoft
2 901 (8.32%) Google
3 617 (5.70%) Oracle
4 342 (3.16%) VMware
5 293 (2.71%) Red Hat
6 236 (2.18%) Databricks
7 193 (1.78%) SAP
8 163 (1.51%) IBM
9 160 (1.48%) Splunk
10 139 (1.28%) Atlassian
11 135 (1.25%) Cisco
12 133 (1.23%) SaltStack
13 126 (1.16%) Talend
14 108 (1.00%) Salesforce.com
15 101 (0.93%) Cloudera
16 100 (0.92%) Informatica
17 87 (0.80%) New Relic
18 80 (0.74%) Sybase
19 78 (0.72%) Apple
20 68 (0.63%) Hortonworks