Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 20 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
20 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 8 11 14
Rank change year-on-year +3 +3 +4
Permanent jobs citing Python 23,863 11,495 10,811
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 17.42% 14.26% 12.45%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.16% 25.82% 22.68%
Number of salaries quoted 10,129 8,440 8,913
10th Percentile £41,975 £41,250 £37,500
25th Percentile £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +11.54% - +8.33%
75th Percentile £93,750 £86,250 £85,000
90th Percentile £115,000 £103,750 £108,750
UK median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% +4.17%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 74,197 44,515 47,661
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 54.17% 55.21% 54.89%
Number of salaries quoted 39,407 34,969 40,057
10th Percentile £37,500 £34,266 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £83,750 £76,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £92,500 £90,000
UK median annual salary £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +13.64% - +4.76%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Salary trend for Python in England

Python
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Python in England

Python
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 20 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London 0 16,019 £80,000 +6.67% 1,061
South East +9 2,241 £57,500 +4.55% 231
North of England +3 1,965 £60,000 +4.35% 231
South West +7 1,288 £57,500 +9.52% 187
Midlands +2 1,082 £55,000 +4.76% 129
North West +6 1,046 £60,000 +4.35% 126
East of England 0 909 £55,000 -4.35% 213
Yorkshire -5 833 £57,500 - 74
West Midlands +2 697 £55,000 -8.33% 77
East Midlands 0 374 £60,000 +20.00% 52
North East +2 87 £60,000 +33.33% 31
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 20 May 2022, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 10,334 (43.31%) AWS
2 9,633 (40.37%) Agile
3 8,073 (33.83%) SQL
4 8,034 (33.67%) Java
5 7,953 (33.33%) Software Engineering
6 6,772 (28.38%) DevOps
7 6,634 (27.80%) CI/CD
8 6,428 (26.94%) Azure
9 6,368 (26.69%) JavaScript
10 6,239 (26.15%) Finance
11 5,794 (24.28%) Kubernetes
12 5,702 (23.89%) Docker
13 5,118 (21.45%) GCP
14 5,105 (21.39%) Analytics
15 4,910 (20.58%) Social Skills
16 4,850 (20.32%) Data Science
17 4,642 (19.45%) Linux
18 4,031 (16.89%) Machine Learning
19 3,966 (16.62%) Degree
20 3,898 (16.33%) React
21 3,860 (16.18%) Terraform
22 3,606 (15.11%) Git (software)
23 3,585 (15.02%) C#
24 3,447 (14.44%) Problem-Solving
25 3,223 (13.51%) Computer Science
26 3,194 (13.38%) Test Automation
27 3,159 (13.24%) Mentoring
28 3,000 (12.57%) Microservices
29 2,947 (12.35%) C++
30 2,920 (12.24%) Artificial Intelligence

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,790 (7.50%) Apache Spark
2 1,040 (4.36%) Apache
3 888 (3.72%) Apache Airflow
4 884 (3.70%) Elasticsearch
5 539 (2.26%) Confluence
6 234 (0.98%) SAS
7 204 (0.85%) CMS
8 197 (0.83%) Jupyter
9 169 (0.71%) OpenStack
10 162 (0.68%) nginx
11 113 (0.47%) GeoServer
12 99 (0.41%) Tornado
13 95 (0.40%) SharePoint
14 89 (0.37%) Apache Pulsar
15 80 (0.34%) Cloud Foundry
16 77 (0.32%) Headless CMS
17 73 (0.31%) Tomcat
18 68 (0.28%) Luigi
19 61 (0.26%) WordPress
20 53 (0.22%) ArcGIS
Applications
1 526 (2.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 134 (0.56%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 122 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
4 66 (0.28%) Simulink
5 53 (0.22%) SPSS
6 39 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
7 38 (0.16%) Campfire
8 37 (0.16%) Stata
9 28 (0.12%) MS Visio
10 27 (0.11%) Chatbot
11 17 (0.071%) Stateflow
12 14 (0.059%) Maya
13 10 (0.042%) Revit
13 10 (0.042%) SOLIDWORKS
14 6 (0.025%) Adobe Premiere
14 6 (0.025%) Photoshop
15 5 (0.021%) Adobe Captivate
15 5 (0.021%) Adobe Creative Suite
15 5 (0.021%) Adobe XD
15 5 (0.021%) NUKE
Business Applications
1 47 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
2 43 (0.18%) Sentinel
3 39 (0.16%) Shopify
4 32 (0.13%) Magento
5 19 (0.080%) Dynamics CRM
5 19 (0.080%) Oracle Payables
6 17 (0.071%) JDE OneWorld
6 17 (0.071%) Odoo
7 16 (0.067%) Payment Gateway
8 12 (0.050%) thinkFolio
9 11 (0.046%) Ripple
9 11 (0.046%) Ripple XRP
10 10 (0.042%) R3 Corda
11 9 (0.038%) SAP S/4HANA
11 9 (0.038%) Summit
12 6 (0.025%) NetSuite
13 5 (0.021%) Adobe Campaign
13 5 (0.021%) Oracle Financials
14 4 (0.017%) Eikon
14 4 (0.017%) SAP MDM
Cloud Services
1 10,334 (43.31%) AWS
2 6,428 (26.94%) Azure
3 5,118 (21.45%) GCP
4 2,599 (10.89%) Serverless
5 1,412 (5.92%) GitHub
6 1,271 (5.33%) Power Platform
7 1,246 (5.22%) AWS Lambda
8 1,217 (5.10%) Amazon S3
9 1,201 (5.03%) SaaS
10 1,095 (4.59%) AWS CloudFormation
11 773 (3.24%) Cloud Computing
12 750 (3.14%) Amazon ECS
13 713 (2.99%) Snowflake
14 665 (2.79%) Amazon EC2
15 508 (2.13%) OpenShift
16 499 (2.09%) Azure Data Factory
17 460 (1.93%) Amazon SQS
18 421 (1.76%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 418 (1.75%) dbt
20 408 (1.71%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 566 (2.37%) HTTP
2 490 (2.05%) Internet
3 454 (1.90%) Firewall
4 415 (1.74%) DNS
5 313 (1.31%) TCP/IP
6 281 (1.18%) Network Security
7 278 (1.16%) Broadband
8 228 (0.96%) VPN
9 167 (0.70%) WAN
10 159 (0.67%) DHCP
11 145 (0.61%) BGP
12 131 (0.55%) Wireless
13 127 (0.53%) LAN
14 106 (0.44%) MQTT
15 93 (0.39%) SSL
16 87 (0.36%) SSH
17 83 (0.35%) MPLS
18 82 (0.34%) Wireshark
19 74 (0.31%) OSPF
20 73 (0.31%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,881 (12.07%) PostgreSQL
2 2,368 (9.92%) Big Data
3 2,332 (9.77%) NoSQL
4 1,646 (6.90%) Data Warehouse
5 1,644 (6.89%) MySQL
6 1,511 (6.33%) Relational Database
7 1,430 (5.99%) SQL Server
8 1,423 (5.96%) MongoDB
9 1,225 (5.13%) Power BI
10 1,181 (4.95%) Tableau
11 1,037 (4.35%) Data Lake
12 1,018 (4.27%) Hadoop
13 985 (4.13%) BigQuery
14 755 (3.16%) Redis
15 709 (2.97%) Amazon Redshift
16 678 (2.84%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 608 (2.55%) Apache Cassandra
18 493 (2.07%) Flink
19 473 (1.98%) Amazon RDS
20 467 (1.96%) Looker
Development Applications
1 3,606 (15.11%) Git (software)
2 2,794 (11.71%) Jenkins
3 1,634 (6.85%) JIRA
4 895 (3.75%) GitLab
5 604 (2.53%) Selenium
6 518 (2.17%) CircleCI
7 377 (1.58%) Maven
8 362 (1.52%) Bitbucket
9 354 (1.48%) TeamCity
10 348 (1.46%) Subversion
11 334 (1.40%) Cypress.io
12 295 (1.24%) Cucumber
13 266 (1.11%) Octopus Deploy
14 263 (1.10%) Gradle
15 261 (1.09%) Postman
16 227 (0.95%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 213 (0.89%) Ant
18 210 (0.88%) Travis CI
19 188 (0.79%) JUnit
20 177 (0.74%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 6,239 (26.15%) Finance
2 4,910 (20.58%) Social Skills
3 2,620 (10.98%) Analytical Skills
4 1,824 (7.64%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 1,499 (6.28%) Marketing
6 1,275 (5.34%) Banking
7 1,259 (5.28%) Games
8 1,254 (5.25%) Retail
9 901 (3.78%) Manufacturing
10 743 (3.11%) Front Office
11 674 (2.82%) Public Sector
12 608 (2.55%) Advertising
13 493 (2.07%) Law
14 487 (2.04%) Legal
15 454 (1.90%) Automotive
16 451 (1.89%) Presentation Skills
17 417 (1.75%) Telecoms
18 408 (1.71%) Electronics
19 294 (1.23%) Organisational Skills
20 254 (1.06%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 5,130 (21.50%) Developer
2 4,614 (19.34%) Software Engineer
3 2,635 (11.04%) Data Engineer
4 2,122 (8.89%) DevOps Engineer
5 1,577 (6.61%) Senior Software Engineer
6 1,502 (6.29%) Analyst
7 1,300 (5.45%) Python Developer
8 1,077 (4.51%) Software Developer
9 1,025 (4.30%) Senior Developer
10 985 (4.13%) Python Engineer
11 984 (4.12%) Data Scientist
12 948 (3.97%) Cloud Engineer
13 780 (3.27%) Full Stack Developer
14 742 (3.11%) AWS Engineer
15 702 (2.94%) Senior Data Engineer
16 676 (2.83%) Architect
17 601 (2.52%) Java Engineer
18 588 (2.46%) Senior DevOps
19 578 (2.42%) Data Analyst
20 547 (2.29%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,898 (16.33%) React
2 2,393 (10.03%) Node.js
3 2,166 (9.08%) CSS
4 2,124 (8.90%) HTML
5 2,062 (8.64%) .NET
6 2,016 (8.45%) Kafka
7 1,594 (6.68%) REST
8 1,560 (6.54%) AngularJS
9 1,410 (5.91%) Django
10 1,290 (5.41%) RESTful
11 962 (4.03%) Vue.js
12 932 (3.91%) HTML5
13 908 (3.81%) GraphQL
14 816 (3.42%) Pandas
15 783 (3.28%) CSS3
16 681 (2.85%) Spring
17 680 (2.85%) Web Services
18 648 (2.72%) Flask
19 577 (2.42%) TensorFlow
20 576 (2.41%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 2,540 (10.64%) Algorithms
2 1,853 (7.77%) Data Structures
3 1,242 (5.20%) Cloud Native
4 1,125 (4.71%) User Experience
5 893 (3.74%) Self-Motivation
6 863 (3.62%) Public Cloud
7 714 (2.99%) Equities
8 696 (2.92%) Mobile App
9 689 (2.89%) Hedge funds
10 665 (2.79%) Derivative
11 664 (2.78%) Greenfield Project
12 662 (2.77%) Life Science
13 543 (2.28%) Linux Command Line
14 542 (2.27%) Fixed Income
15 453 (1.90%) Management Information System
16 423 (1.77%) IoT
17 409 (1.71%) Blog
18 374 (1.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 357 (1.50%) Cyberattack
20 336 (1.41%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 4,642 (19.45%) Linux
2 1,436 (6.02%) Windows
3 1,231 (5.16%) Unix
4 406 (1.70%) Android
5 341 (1.43%) Apple iOS
6 337 (1.41%) Ubuntu
7 325 (1.36%) CentOS
8 292 (1.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 209 (0.88%) Windows Server
10 118 (0.49%) Mesosphere
11 116 (0.49%) Mac OS
12 91 (0.38%) Embedded Linux
13 70 (0.29%) Debian
14 60 (0.25%) Windows 10
15 57 (0.24%) VMS
16 30 (0.13%) Kali Linux
17 29 (0.12%) FreeRTOS
18 27 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
18 27 (0.11%) Windows Server 2019
19 25 (0.10%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 9,633 (40.37%) Agile
2 7,953 (33.33%) Software Engineering
3 6,772 (28.38%) DevOps
4 6,634 (27.80%) CI/CD
5 5,105 (21.39%) Analytics
6 4,850 (20.32%) Data Science
7 4,031 (16.89%) Machine Learning
8 3,447 (14.44%) Problem-Solving
9 3,223 (13.51%) Computer Science
10 3,194 (13.38%) Test Automation
11 3,159 (13.24%) Mentoring
12 3,000 (12.57%) Microservices
13 2,920 (12.24%) Artificial Intelligence
14 2,838 (11.89%) Full Stack Development
15 2,750 (11.52%) TDD
16 2,481 (10.40%) Scrum
17 2,341 (9.81%) Data Engineering
18 2,277 (9.54%) Infrastructure as Code
19 2,232 (9.35%) Continuous Integration
20 2,025 (8.49%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 8,073 (33.83%) SQL
2 8,034 (33.67%) Java
3 6,368 (26.69%) JavaScript
4 3,585 (15.02%) C#
5 2,947 (12.35%) C++
6 2,586 (10.84%) Go
7 2,560 (10.73%) Bash
8 2,285 (9.58%) TypeScript
9 1,865 (7.82%) PowerShell
10 1,742 (7.30%) Ruby
11 1,715 (7.19%) R
12 1,655 (6.94%) C
13 1,460 (6.12%) Scala
14 1,172 (4.91%) PHP
15 935 (3.92%) Perl
16 916 (3.84%) Shell Script
17 744 (3.12%) Kotlin
18 586 (2.46%) MATLAB
19 385 (1.61%) Groovy
20 324 (1.36%) Rust
Qualifications
1 3,966 (16.62%) Degree
2 1,479 (6.20%) Computer Science Degree
3 1,083 (4.54%) Security Cleared
4 738 (3.09%) PhD
5 727 (3.05%) SC Cleared
6 482 (2.02%) Master's Degree
7 404 (1.69%) Oracle Certification
8 399 (1.67%) OCP
9 393 (1.65%) CIW
9 393 (1.65%) OCA
10 262 (1.10%) AWS Certification
11 243 (1.02%) Cisco Certification
12 194 (0.81%) Numerate Degree
13 154 (0.65%) ISTQB
14 143 (0.60%) CISSP
15 141 (0.59%) DV Cleared
16 93 (0.39%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 88 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
18 85 (0.36%) (ISC)2 CCSP
19 84 (0.35%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,460 (6.12%) QA
2 630 (2.64%) Data Quality
3 379 (1.59%) Accessibility
4 239 (1.00%) GDPR
5 160 (0.67%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 117 (0.49%) SLA
7 85 (0.36%) PCI DSS
8 79 (0.33%) Actionable Recommendations
9 75 (0.31%) NIST
10 42 (0.18%) ISO 9001
11 41 (0.17%) Cyber Essentials
12 39 (0.16%) MISRA
13 34 (0.14%) ISO 26262
14 31 (0.13%) WCAG
15 27 (0.11%) HIPAA
16 26 (0.11%) IFRS
17 20 (0.084%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
17 20 (0.084%) SOC 2
18 18 (0.075%) IFRS 9
18 18 (0.075%) PMO
System Software
1 5,702 (23.89%) Docker
2 323 (1.35%) VMware Infrastructure
3 316 (1.32%) Active Directory
4 229 (0.96%) Virtual Machines
5 201 (0.84%) Firmware
6 69 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 55 (0.23%) LXC
8 54 (0.23%) HDFS
9 53 (0.22%) vSphere
10 46 (0.19%) VMware ESXi
11 43 (0.18%) KVM
12 40 (0.17%) Apache Flume
12 40 (0.17%) Hyper-V
13 27 (0.11%) iptables
13 27 (0.11%) zsh
14 25 (0.10%) VMware NSX
15 24 (0.10%) Citrix Hypervisor
15 24 (0.10%) Xen
16 20 (0.084%) Virtual Servers
17 17 (0.071%) Snort
Systems Management
1 5,794 (24.28%) Kubernetes
2 3,860 (16.18%) Terraform
3 2,478 (10.38%) Ansible
4 1,216 (5.10%) Puppet
5 967 (4.05%) Opscode Chef
6 604 (2.53%) Prometheus
7 481 (2.02%) Grafana
8 267 (1.12%) Kibana
9 193 (0.81%) Docker Swarm
10 187 (0.78%) Consul
11 173 (0.72%) logstash
12 162 (0.68%) Istio
13 124 (0.52%) Packer
14 118 (0.49%) Automic
15 97 (0.41%) HAProxy
16 92 (0.39%) ZABBIX
17 89 (0.37%) Rancher
18 86 (0.36%) Nagios
19 54 (0.23%) Graylog
20 51 (0.21%) Opsgenie
Vendors
1 2,755 (11.55%) Google
2 2,046 (8.57%) Microsoft
3 1,416 (5.93%) Oracle
4 811 (3.40%) Databricks
5 553 (2.32%) Splunk
6 386 (1.62%) VMware
7 364 (1.53%) Red Hat
8 313 (1.31%) Twitter
9 239 (1.00%) Salesforce.com
10 221 (0.93%) Cisco
11 189 (0.79%) Facebook
12 178 (0.75%) IBM
13 177 (0.74%) SAP
14 171 (0.72%) New Relic
15 159 (0.67%) SaltStack
16 150 (0.63%) Atlassian
17 144 (0.60%) Sun
18 136 (0.57%) AppDynamics
19 135 (0.57%) Alteryx
20 123 (0.52%) F5