Period
to 21 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 21 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
21 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 17 19 24
Rank change year-on-year +2 +5 +11
Permanent jobs citing Python 15,017 14,785 12,034
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 11.26% 9.20% 7.56%
As % of the Programming Languages category 20.70% 16.34% 13.74%
Number of salaries quoted 12,065 11,843 10,265
England median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £96,250 £92,500 £86,250
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +1.57%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 72,555 90,507 87,591
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 54.38% 56.30% 55.06%
Number of salaries quoted 59,802 75,954 75,116
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,500 £29,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.15%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python in England.

Salary trend for Python in England

Python
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 21 May 2019.

Salary histogram for Python in England

Python
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 21 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 8,835 £70,000 +3.70% 732
South East +4 2,155 £50,000 - 187
North of England +17 1,497 £52,500 +5.00% 160
South West +10 1,092 £47,500 - 89
East of England -2 820 £52,500 - 174
North West +11 748 £55,000 +10.00% 97
Yorkshire +17 647 £50,000 - 53
Midlands +26 579 £45,000 -5.26% 44
West Midlands +24 388 £50,000 +11.11% 31
East Midlands +19 188 £40,000 -23.81% 13
North East +39 103 £49,337 +17.47% 10
South Coast - 6 £60,000 -
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 21 May 2019, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 5,615 (37.39%) Java
2 5,367 (35.74%) Agile Software Development
3 5,102 (33.97%) Linux
4 4,867 (32.41%) Amazon AWS
5 4,465 (29.73%) DevOps
6 4,062 (27.05%) SQL
7 3,272 (21.79%) Software Engineering
8 3,195 (21.28%) Docker
9 3,175 (21.14%) JavaScript
10 2,951 (19.65%) Finance
11 2,849 (18.97%) C++
12 2,602 (17.33%) Microsoft Azure
13 2,570 (17.11%) C#
14 2,428 (16.17%) Degree
15 2,419 (16.11%) Bash Shell
16 2,410 (16.05%) Analytics
17 2,307 (15.36%) Machine Learning
18 2,254 (15.01%) Ansible
19 2,065 (13.75%) Git (software)
20 2,046 (13.62%) Data Science
21 2,027 (13.50%) Jenkins
22 2,018 (13.44%) Kubernetes
23 1,960 (13.05%) Ruby
24 1,902 (12.67%) Big Data
25 1,862 (12.40%) Computer Science
26 1,743 (11.61%) Continuous Integration
27 1,648 (10.97%) Test Automation
28 1,617 (10.77%) Google Cloud Platform
29 1,598 (10.64%) Windows
30 1,529 (10.18%) Artificial Intelligence

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,401 (9.33%) Apache Spark
2 751 (5.00%) Apache
3 701 (4.67%) Elasticsearch
4 330 (2.20%) Confluence
5 298 (1.98%) SAS
6 282 (1.88%) nginx
7 276 (1.84%) Tomcat
8 243 (1.62%) Apache Pig
9 155 (1.03%) OpenStack
10 129 (0.86%) WebLogic
11 103 (0.69%) SharePoint
12 99 (0.66%) Apache Solr
13 92 (0.61%) IIS
14 91 (0.61%) JBoss
15 73 (0.49%) Jupyter
16 68 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
17 51 (0.34%) Apache Airflow
18 50 (0.33%) MS Exchange
19 47 (0.31%) WebSphere
20 35 (0.23%) Ethereum
Applications
1 232 (1.54%) Microsoft Excel
2 112 (0.75%) Microsoft Office
3 96 (0.64%) SPSS
4 67 (0.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 33 (0.22%) Chatbot
6 30 (0.20%) Stata
7 25 (0.17%) MS Visio
8 19 (0.13%) Adobe XD
9 17 (0.11%) Photoshop
10 15 (0.100%) Fireworks
10 15 (0.100%) GNU Octave
10 15 (0.100%) Simulink
11 13 (0.087%) Spreadsheet
12 8 (0.053%) InVision
12 8 (0.053%) Zeplin
13 5 (0.033%) AutoCAD
13 5 (0.033%) SPSS Modeler
13 5 (0.033%) Weka
14 4 (0.027%) EngageOne
14 4 (0.027%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 51 (0.34%) thinkFolio
2 33 (0.22%) Distributed Ledger
3 30 (0.20%) Summit
4 27 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
5 24 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
6 19 (0.13%) Magento
7 16 (0.11%) SAP ERP
8 13 (0.087%) Eze OMS
9 12 (0.080%) Oracle BPM
9 12 (0.080%) SAP Business One
10 11 (0.073%) Oracle Applications
10 11 (0.073%) R3 Corda
11 7 (0.047%) WebTrends
12 6 (0.040%) Cognos Business Intelligence
12 6 (0.040%) Eagle PACE
12 6 (0.040%) Front Arena
12 6 (0.040%) Markit EDM
12 6 (0.040%) Odoo
12 6 (0.040%) SAP BPC
13 5 (0.033%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 4,867 (32.41%) Amazon AWS
2 2,602 (17.33%) Microsoft Azure
3 1,617 (10.77%) Google Cloud Platform
4 658 (4.38%) Serverless
5 536 (3.57%) Power Platform
6 512 (3.41%) SaaS
7 497 (3.31%) AWS Lambda
8 479 (3.19%) AWS CloudFormation
9 457 (3.04%) GitHub
10 447 (2.98%) Amazon S3
11 381 (2.54%) Amazon EC2
12 373 (2.48%) PaaS
13 306 (2.04%) Cloud Computing
14 260 (1.73%) IaaS
15 256 (1.70%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 225 (1.50%) Office 365
17 211 (1.41%) Amazon SQS
18 164 (1.09%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 161 (1.07%) Amazon Kinesis
20 158 (1.05%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 691 (4.60%) Firewall
2 584 (3.89%) DNS
3 473 (3.15%) TCP/IP
4 358 (2.38%) Network Security
5 357 (2.38%) VPN
6 319 (2.12%) WAN
7 286 (1.90%) SMTP
8 284 (1.89%) Internet
9 278 (1.85%) BGP
10 275 (1.83%) MPLS
10 275 (1.83%) OSPF
11 266 (1.77%) NetScaler
12 263 (1.75%) Cisco ASA
13 248 (1.65%) Broadband
14 243 (1.62%) Cisco Nexus
15 238 (1.58%) IPsec
16 234 (1.56%) HTTP
17 206 (1.37%) ADSL
18 204 (1.36%) RIP
19 154 (1.03%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,902 (12.67%) Big Data
2 1,428 (9.51%) Hadoop
3 1,274 (8.48%) NoSQL
4 1,202 (8.00%) MySQL
5 1,055 (7.03%) SQL Server
6 1,030 (6.86%) PostgreSQL
7 862 (5.74%) MongoDB
8 667 (4.44%) Relational Database
9 645 (4.30%) Data Warehouse
10 623 (4.15%) Apache Hive
11 535 (3.56%) Power BI
12 485 (3.23%) Apache Cassandra
13 384 (2.56%) Amazon Redshift
14 361 (2.40%) HBase
15 332 (2.21%) Redis
16 315 (2.10%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 300 (2.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 291 (1.94%) Data Lake
19 262 (1.74%) Amazon RDS
20 248 (1.65%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 2,065 (13.75%) Git (software)
2 2,027 (13.50%) Jenkins
3 845 (5.63%) JIRA
4 717 (4.77%) Selenium
5 456 (3.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 408 (2.72%) TeamCity
7 353 (2.35%) Maven
8 334 (2.22%) Cucumber
9 302 (2.01%) GitLab
10 267 (1.78%) Bitbucket
11 261 (1.74%) Subversion
12 206 (1.37%) Visual Studio
13 201 (1.34%) Gradle
14 198 (1.32%) Vagrant
15 191 (1.27%) Octopus Deploy
16 186 (1.24%) WebDriver
17 175 (1.17%) JUnit
18 159 (1.06%) Team Foundation Server
19 157 (1.05%) Travis CI
20 147 (0.98%) webpack
General
1 2,951 (19.65%) Finance
2 904 (6.02%) Banking
3 720 (4.79%) Retail
4 581 (3.87%) Marketing
5 398 (2.65%) Front Office
6 381 (2.54%) Law
6 381 (2.54%) Telecoms
7 345 (2.30%) Games
8 221 (1.47%) Electronics
9 186 (1.24%) Manufacturing
10 158 (1.05%) Investment Banking
11 149 (0.99%) Advertising
12 143 (0.95%) Legal
13 131 (0.87%) Financial Institution
14 100 (0.67%) Aerospace
15 99 (0.66%) Pharmaceutical
16 92 (0.61%) Automotive
17 83 (0.55%) Military
18 73 (0.49%) Publishing
19 58 (0.39%) German Language
Job Titles
1 4,319 (28.76%) Developer
2 1,904 (12.68%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,509 (10.05%) Python Developer
4 1,438 (9.58%) Software Engineer
5 1,043 (6.95%) Data Engineer
6 923 (6.15%) Python Engineer
7 855 (5.69%) Data Scientist
8 810 (5.39%) Analyst
9 785 (5.23%) AWS Engineer
10 702 (4.67%) Software Developer
11 677 (4.51%) Senior Developer
12 657 (4.38%) Architect
13 648 (4.32%) Java Developer
14 602 (4.01%) Linux Engineer
15 582 (3.88%) Cloud Engineer
16 544 (3.62%) Junior
17 539 (3.59%) AWS DevOps
18 450 (3.00%) AWS DevOps Engineer
19 410 (2.73%) Test Engineer
20 400 (2.66%) Graduate
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,349 (8.98%) Node.js
2 1,257 (8.37%) HTML
3 1,193 (7.94%) AngularJS
4 1,153 (7.68%) Web Services
5 1,127 (7.50%) .NET
6 1,044 (6.95%) CSS
7 986 (6.57%) React
8 903 (6.01%) Kafka
9 900 (5.99%) Django
10 718 (4.78%) REST
11 639 (4.26%) RESTful
12 517 (3.44%) Spring
13 478 (3.18%) Elastic Stack
14 420 (2.80%) HTML5
15 419 (2.79%) Vue.js
16 396 (2.64%) Natural Language Processing
17 380 (2.53%) Flask
18 369 (2.46%) JSON
19 332 (2.21%) XML
20 304 (2.02%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 1,342 (8.94%) Analytical Skills
2 1,159 (7.72%) Algorithms
3 993 (6.61%) Fintech
4 600 (4.00%) Greenfield Project
5 488 (3.25%) Public Cloud
6 462 (3.08%) Data Structures
7 433 (2.88%) Hedge funds
8 424 (2.82%) Self-Motivation
9 422 (2.81%) User Experience
10 366 (2.44%) Data Centre
11 345 (2.30%) Management Information System
12 314 (2.09%) Linux Command Line
13 299 (1.99%) Fixed Income
14 293 (1.95%) Derivative
15 268 (1.78%) Mobile App
16 244 (1.62%) Enterprise Software
17 188 (1.25%) Equities
18 177 (1.18%) Hybrid Cloud
19 176 (1.17%) Robotics
20 172 (1.15%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 5,102 (33.97%) Linux
2 1,598 (10.64%) Windows
3 1,502 (10.00%) Unix
4 397 (2.64%) CentOS
4 397 (2.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 366 (2.44%) Android
6 343 (2.28%) Ubuntu
7 265 (1.76%) Windows Server
8 240 (1.60%) Apple iOS
9 164 (1.09%) Debian
10 94 (0.63%) Mac OS
11 66 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
12 59 (0.39%) Mac OS X
13 57 (0.38%) AIX
14 55 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
15 52 (0.35%) Embedded Linux
16 45 (0.30%) Windows 10
17 44 (0.29%) Fedora
18 38 (0.25%) CoreOS
19 37 (0.25%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,367 (35.74%) Agile Software Development
2 4,465 (29.73%) DevOps
3 3,272 (21.79%) Software Engineering
4 2,410 (16.05%) Analytics
5 2,307 (15.36%) Machine Learning
6 2,046 (13.62%) Data Science
7 1,862 (12.40%) Computer Science
8 1,743 (11.61%) Continuous Integration
9 1,648 (10.97%) Test Automation
10 1,529 (10.18%) Artificial Intelligence
11 1,356 (9.03%) Problem-Solving
12 1,347 (8.97%) Mathematics
13 1,326 (8.83%) Open Source
14 1,241 (8.26%) Scrum
15 1,195 (7.96%) TDD
16 1,125 (7.49%) Microservices
17 1,096 (7.30%) Business Intelligence
18 1,071 (7.13%) Configuration Management
19 922 (6.14%) Visualisation
20 880 (5.86%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 5,615 (37.39%) Java
2 4,062 (27.05%) SQL
3 3,175 (21.14%) JavaScript
4 2,849 (18.97%) C++
5 2,570 (17.11%) C#
6 2,419 (16.11%) Bash Shell
7 1,960 (13.05%) Ruby
8 1,503 (10.01%) Perl
9 1,451 (9.66%) Scala
10 1,365 (9.09%) R
11 1,294 (8.62%) C
12 1,276 (8.50%) PHP
13 1,092 (7.27%) Go
14 1,079 (7.19%) PowerShell
15 470 (3.13%) MATLAB
16 466 (3.10%) Shell Script
17 237 (1.58%) Groovy
18 214 (1.43%) TypeScript
19 213 (1.42%) ES6
20 201 (1.34%) VBA
Qualifications
1 2,428 (16.17%) Degree
2 858 (5.71%) Security Cleared
3 722 (4.81%) Computer Science Degree
4 638 (4.25%) PhD
5 488 (3.25%) SC Cleared
6 372 (2.48%) DV Cleared
7 368 (2.45%) Cisco Certification
8 277 (1.84%) CCNP
9 255 (1.70%) CCNA
10 177 (1.18%) Numerate Degree
11 161 (1.07%) AWS Certification
12 153 (1.02%) Master's Degree
13 132 (0.88%) ISTQB
14 103 (0.69%) ISEB
15 100 (0.67%) CISSP
16 96 (0.64%) RHCE
17 85 (0.57%) Microsoft Certification
18 50 (0.33%) Postgraduate
19 44 (0.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
20 41 (0.27%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 829 (5.52%) QA
2 262 (1.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 214 (1.43%) ISO 9001
4 190 (1.27%) Data Quality
5 100 (0.67%) GDPR
6 69 (0.46%) SLA
7 48 (0.32%) PCI DSS
8 33 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 17 (0.11%) Actionable Recommendations
9 17 (0.11%) MiFID
10 14 (0.093%) HMG Infosec
10 14 (0.093%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 14 (0.093%) JSP 440
11 9 (0.060%) HIPAA
12 8 (0.053%) IEC 61131
13 7 (0.047%) COBIT
13 7 (0.047%) JTAG
14 6 (0.040%) ISO 13485
15 5 (0.033%) IEC 62304
15 5 (0.033%) IFRS
System Software
1 3,195 (21.28%) Docker
2 477 (3.18%) VMware Infrastructure
3 267 (1.78%) Active Directory
4 205 (1.37%) Hyper-V
5 150 (1.00%) Apache Flume
6 149 (0.99%) vSphere
7 143 (0.95%) Virtual Machines
8 137 (0.91%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 137 (0.91%) HDFS
9 90 (0.60%) VirtualBox
10 77 (0.51%) KVM
11 72 (0.48%) VMware ESXi
12 68 (0.45%) Firmware
13 59 (0.39%) NFS
14 53 (0.35%) iptables
15 50 (0.33%) VMware NSX
15 50 (0.33%) Xen
16 46 (0.31%) XenApp
17 45 (0.30%) XenDesktop
18 38 (0.25%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 2,254 (15.01%) Ansible
2 2,018 (13.44%) Kubernetes
3 1,487 (9.90%) Puppet
4 1,386 (9.23%) Terraform
5 1,095 (7.29%) Opscode Chef
6 451 (3.00%) Nagios
7 284 (1.89%) Salt
8 246 (1.64%) Prometheus
9 232 (1.54%) Oozie
10 231 (1.54%) FortiGate
11 230 (1.53%) Packer
12 182 (1.21%) Kibana
13 178 (1.19%) Grafana
14 158 (1.05%) Docker Swarm
14 158 (1.05%) Hadoop YARN
15 141 (0.94%) Consul
16 116 (0.77%) logstash
17 93 (0.62%) Graphite
18 88 (0.59%) ZABBIX
19 87 (0.58%) SCCM
Vendors
1 1,186 (7.90%) Microsoft
2 1,178 (7.84%) Google
3 859 (5.72%) Oracle
4 643 (4.28%) Tableau
5 602 (4.01%) VMware
6 490 (3.26%) Red Hat
7 459 (3.06%) Cisco
8 359 (2.39%) Splunk
9 328 (2.18%) Cloudera
10 238 (1.58%) Fortinet
11 223 (1.48%) SAP
12 200 (1.33%) Hortonworks
13 197 (1.31%) Atlassian
14 190 (1.27%) Databricks
14 190 (1.27%) Palo Alto
15 179 (1.19%) IBM
16 153 (1.02%) Bloomberg
17 148 (0.99%) Informatica
18 147 (0.98%) Reuters
19 135 (0.90%) New Relic