Period
to 24 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 24 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
24 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 19 25 30
Rank change year-on-year +6 +5 +23
Permanent jobs citing Python 15,203 13,151 11,974
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 9.79% 8.02% 6.58%
As % of the Programming Languages category 17.51% 14.48% 12.45%
Number of salaries quoted 12,134 10,875 10,490
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £35,825 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 86,828 90,812 96,157
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.90% 55.39% 52.87%
Number of salaries quoted 72,673 75,144 83,883
England median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £76,250
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python in England.

Salary trend for Python in England

Python
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 24 September 2018.

Salary histogram for Python in England

Python
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 24 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +11 8,471 £70,000 +7.69% 1,271
South East +4 2,441 £50,000 - 389
North of England +17 1,458 £50,000 +5.26% 258
East of England +5 1,163 £52,500 +10.53% 327
South West +13 1,070 £46,000 +2.22% 210
North West +18 753 £50,000 +5.26% 134
Yorkshire +7 614 £50,000 - 98
Midlands +24 561 £50,000 +20.48% 120
West Midlands +37 381 £50,000 +25.00% 64
East Midlands -3 179 £45,000 +16.13% 56
North East +25 89 £45,000 +12.50% 26
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 24 September 2018, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 6,024 (39.62%) Java
2 5,533 (36.39%) Linux
3 5,005 (32.92%) Agile Software Development
4 4,330 (28.48%) SQL
5 4,209 (27.69%) Amazon AWS
6 4,031 (26.51%) DevOps
7 3,380 (22.23%) JavaScript
8 3,330 (21.90%) Finance
9 3,206 (21.09%) C++
10 3,068 (20.18%) Docker
11 2,993 (19.69%) Software Engineering
12 2,833 (18.63%) C#
13 2,718 (17.88%) Degree
14 2,475 (16.28%) Bash Shell
15 2,432 (16.00%) Ruby
16 2,394 (15.75%) Ansible
17 2,323 (15.28%) Machine Learning
18 2,289 (15.06%) Jenkins
19 2,170 (14.27%) Computer Science
20 2,147 (14.12%) Git (software)
20 2,147 (14.12%) Big Data
21 2,126 (13.98%) Microsoft Azure
22 2,079 (13.67%) Puppet
23 2,072 (13.63%) Continuous Integration
24 2,021 (13.29%) Analytics
25 1,931 (12.70%) Perl
26 1,876 (12.34%) Data Science
27 1,832 (12.05%) Problem-Solving
28 1,793 (11.79%) Windows
29 1,735 (11.41%) Test Automation

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,291 (8.49%) Apache Spark
2 815 (5.36%) Apache
3 717 (4.72%) Elasticsearch
4 412 (2.71%) Tomcat
5 343 (2.26%) Confluence
5 343 (2.26%) SAS
6 318 (2.09%) nginx
7 313 (2.06%) OpenStack
8 158 (1.04%) Apache Pig
9 119 (0.78%) WebSphere
10 116 (0.76%) Ethereum
11 111 (0.73%) WebLogic
12 109 (0.72%) JBoss
13 104 (0.68%) IIS
14 86 (0.57%) WordPress
15 81 (0.53%) Apache Solr
15 81 (0.53%) CloudStack
16 78 (0.51%) CMS
17 65 (0.43%) Cloud Foundry
18 59 (0.39%) SharePoint
Applications
1 214 (1.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 125 (0.82%) Microsoft Office
3 85 (0.56%) SPSS
4 56 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 52 (0.34%) Chatbot
6 36 (0.24%) MS Visio
7 17 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
8 14 (0.092%) GNU Octave
8 14 (0.092%) Maya
9 13 (0.086%) Photoshop
10 12 (0.079%) HipChat
11 10 (0.066%) Houdini
12 9 (0.059%) Stata
13 8 (0.053%) Simulink
14 5 (0.033%) Adobe Illustrator
15 4 (0.026%) CPLEX
15 4 (0.026%) InDesign
15 4 (0.026%) InVision
16 3 (0.020%) AutoCAD
17 2 (0.013%) Adobe After Effects
Business Applications
1 63 (0.41%) Distributed Ledger
2 48 (0.32%) thinkFolio
3 28 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
4 24 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
5 21 (0.14%) Magento
6 20 (0.13%) Ripple
7 15 (0.099%) Documaker
8 11 (0.072%) Remedy ITSM
8 11 (0.072%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 9 (0.059%) R3 Corda
9 9 (0.059%) SAP S/4HANA
10 8 (0.053%) Odoo
10 8 (0.053%) SunGard GMI
11 7 (0.046%) FastStats
12 6 (0.039%) Oracle EBS
12 6 (0.039%) Sentinel
13 5 (0.033%) LatentZero
13 5 (0.033%) SAP ERP
14 4 (0.026%) ION MarketView
14 4 (0.026%) SAP InfiniteInsight
Cloud Services
1 4,209 (27.69%) Amazon AWS
2 2,126 (13.98%) Microsoft Azure
3 979 (6.44%) Google Cloud Platform
4 503 (3.31%) AWS CloudFormation
5 494 (3.25%) SaaS
6 442 (2.91%) GitHub
7 425 (2.80%) Serverless
8 420 (2.76%) Amazon EC2
9 373 (2.45%) Amazon S3
10 363 (2.39%) Cloud Computing
11 299 (1.97%) AWS Lambda
12 290 (1.91%) PaaS
13 279 (1.84%) IaaS
14 175 (1.15%) OpenShift
15 142 (0.93%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 135 (0.89%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 133 (0.87%) Amazon EMR
18 127 (0.84%) Office 365
19 121 (0.80%) IBM Cloud
20 116 (0.76%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 610 (4.01%) TCP/IP
2 602 (3.96%) Firewall
3 481 (3.16%) DNS
4 407 (2.68%) HTTP
5 344 (2.26%) Internet
6 233 (1.53%) VPN
7 222 (1.46%) SSL
8 220 (1.45%) WAN
9 202 (1.33%) LAN
10 191 (1.26%) BGP
11 188 (1.24%) Network Security
12 186 (1.22%) DHCP
13 150 (0.99%) Wireless
14 98 (0.64%) SAN
15 97 (0.64%) OSPF
16 96 (0.63%) SNMP
17 94 (0.62%) Cisco IOS
18 91 (0.60%) Cisco Nexus
19 86 (0.57%) SSH
20 78 (0.51%) EIGRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,147 (14.12%) Big Data
2 1,481 (9.74%) MySQL
3 1,477 (9.72%) NoSQL
4 1,428 (9.39%) Hadoop
5 1,193 (7.85%) SQL Server
6 1,108 (7.29%) PostgreSQL
7 952 (6.26%) MongoDB
8 914 (6.01%) Relational Database
9 578 (3.80%) Apache Hive
10 515 (3.39%) Apache Cassandra
11 463 (3.05%) Data Warehouse
12 420 (2.76%) Redis
13 387 (2.55%) Blockchain
14 337 (2.22%) Amazon Redshift
15 326 (2.14%) Power BI
16 319 (2.10%) RDBMS
17 244 (1.60%) Amazon RDS
18 225 (1.48%) HBase
19 220 (1.45%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 211 (1.39%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 2,289 (15.06%) Jenkins
2 2,147 (14.12%) Git (software)
3 906 (5.96%) JIRA
4 692 (4.55%) Selenium
5 598 (3.93%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 532 (3.50%) TeamCity
7 467 (3.07%) Maven
8 457 (3.01%) Subversion
9 366 (2.41%) Vagrant
10 350 (2.30%) Cucumber
11 266 (1.75%) Octopus Deploy
12 249 (1.64%) Bitbucket
13 245 (1.61%) JUnit
14 243 (1.60%) GitLab
15 241 (1.59%) Visual Studio
16 170 (1.12%) WebDriver
17 169 (1.11%) Sonatype Nexus
18 151 (0.99%) Gradle
19 148 (0.97%) Hudson
20 142 (0.93%) JMeter
General
1 3,330 (21.90%) Finance
2 1,088 (7.16%) Banking
3 639 (4.20%) Retail
4 569 (3.74%) Marketing
5 548 (3.60%) Front Office
6 523 (3.44%) Investment Banking
7 432 (2.84%) Telecoms
8 431 (2.83%) Games
9 356 (2.34%) Financial Institution
10 326 (2.14%) Electronics
11 300 (1.97%) Manufacturing
12 218 (1.43%) Advertising
13 197 (1.30%) Law
14 142 (0.93%) Publishing
15 121 (0.80%) Automotive
16 94 (0.62%) Legal
17 85 (0.56%) Back Office
18 61 (0.40%) French Language
19 56 (0.37%) German Language
20 49 (0.32%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 4,765 (31.34%) Developer
2 1,893 (12.45%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,620 (10.66%) Python Developer
4 1,414 (9.30%) Software Engineer
5 905 (5.95%) Senior Developer
6 882 (5.80%) Data Scientist
7 838 (5.51%) Java Developer
8 776 (5.10%) Analyst
9 774 (5.09%) Software Developer
10 735 (4.83%) Python Engineer
11 689 (4.53%) Data Engineer
12 609 (4.01%) Linux Engineer
13 532 (3.50%) AWS Engineer
14 478 (3.14%) Architect
15 459 (3.02%) Cloud Engineer
16 442 (2.91%) Graduate
17 440 (2.89%) Junior
18 417 (2.74%) Test Engineer
19 404 (2.66%) AWS DevOps
20 400 (2.63%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,553 (10.22%) HTML
2 1,284 (8.45%) CSS
3 1,280 (8.42%) .NET
4 1,253 (8.24%) AngularJS
5 1,214 (7.99%) Node.js
6 1,182 (7.77%) Web Services
7 1,130 (7.43%) Django
8 941 (6.19%) React
9 796 (5.24%) REST
10 685 (4.51%) Kafka
11 647 (4.26%) RESTful
12 634 (4.17%) Spring
13 619 (4.07%) Natural Language Processing
14 496 (3.26%) XML
15 469 (3.08%) TensorFlow
16 461 (3.03%) HTML5
17 448 (2.95%) RabbitMQ
18 433 (2.85%) Flask
19 411 (2.70%) jQuery
20 409 (2.69%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 2,170 (14.27%) Computer Science
2 1,374 (9.04%) Analytical Skills
3 1,324 (8.71%) Algorithms
4 987 (6.49%) Fintech
5 575 (3.78%) Greenfield Project
6 462 (3.04%) Self-Motivation
7 455 (2.99%) Data Structures
8 440 (2.89%) Hedge funds
9 418 (2.75%) Public Cloud
10 398 (2.62%) User Experience
11 375 (2.47%) Data Centre
12 354 (2.33%) Equities
13 351 (2.31%) Derivative
14 347 (2.28%) Fixed Income
15 326 (2.14%) Management Information System
16 293 (1.93%) Linux Command Line
17 292 (1.92%) Enterprise Software
18 285 (1.87%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 249 (1.64%) Mobile App
20 247 (1.62%) Cyberthreat
Operating Systems
1 5,533 (36.39%) Linux
2 1,793 (11.79%) Windows
3 1,460 (9.60%) Unix
4 587 (3.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 570 (3.75%) CentOS
6 388 (2.55%) Ubuntu
7 345 (2.27%) Android
8 310 (2.04%) Windows Server
9 252 (1.66%) Apple iOS
10 201 (1.32%) Debian
11 147 (0.97%) Mac OS X
12 123 (0.81%) Solaris
13 76 (0.50%) Windows Server 2008
14 70 (0.46%) Fedora
15 68 (0.45%) CoreOS
16 65 (0.43%) Windows Server 2012
17 54 (0.36%) AIX
18 52 (0.34%) SUSE
19 47 (0.31%) VMS
20 46 (0.30%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,005 (32.92%) Agile Software Development
2 4,031 (26.51%) DevOps
3 2,993 (19.69%) Software Engineering
4 2,323 (15.28%) Machine Learning
5 2,072 (13.63%) Continuous Integration
6 2,021 (13.29%) Analytics
7 1,876 (12.34%) Data Science
8 1,832 (12.05%) Problem-Solving
9 1,735 (11.41%) Test Automation
10 1,663 (10.94%) Mathematics
11 1,597 (10.50%) TDD
12 1,511 (9.94%) Scrum
13 1,476 (9.71%) Open Source
14 1,361 (8.95%) Configuration Management
15 1,230 (8.09%) Artificial Intelligence
16 1,127 (7.41%) Microservices
17 991 (6.52%) OO
18 895 (5.89%) SDLC
19 868 (5.71%) Mentoring
20 840 (5.53%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 6,024 (39.62%) Java
2 4,330 (28.48%) SQL
3 3,380 (22.23%) JavaScript
4 3,206 (21.09%) C++
5 2,833 (18.63%) C#
6 2,475 (16.28%) Bash Shell
7 2,432 (16.00%) Ruby
8 1,931 (12.70%) Perl
9 1,626 (10.70%) C
10 1,434 (9.43%) R
11 1,332 (8.76%) PHP
12 1,249 (8.22%) Scala
13 1,221 (8.03%) PowerShell
14 1,110 (7.30%) Go
15 640 (4.21%) Shell Script
16 336 (2.21%) MATLAB
17 246 (1.62%) T-SQL
18 235 (1.55%) Java 8
19 183 (1.20%) Korn
20 180 (1.18%) VBA
Qualifications
1 2,718 (17.88%) Degree
2 898 (5.91%) PhD
3 850 (5.59%) Computer Science Degree
4 667 (4.39%) Security Cleared
5 379 (2.49%) DV Cleared
6 290 (1.91%) SC Cleared
7 268 (1.76%) Master's Degree
8 259 (1.70%) Cisco Certification
9 257 (1.69%) Numerate Degree
10 175 (1.15%) Microsoft Certification
11 168 (1.11%) AWS Certification
12 155 (1.02%) CCNP
13 149 (0.98%) CCNA
14 147 (0.97%) CISSP
15 137 (0.90%) MPhil
16 112 (0.74%) MCSE
17 101 (0.66%) RHCE
18 90 (0.59%) GIAC
19 86 (0.57%) ISTQB
20 84 (0.55%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 918 (6.04%) QA
2 119 (0.78%) Data Quality
3 90 (0.59%) SLA
4 82 (0.54%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 70 (0.46%) PCI DSS
6 57 (0.37%) GDPR
7 29 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 21 (0.14%) MiFID
9 16 (0.11%) SAS 70
10 13 (0.086%) Actionable Recommendations
11 12 (0.079%) PMO
12 11 (0.072%) JTAG
13 10 (0.066%) EMIR
13 10 (0.066%) ISO 9001
13 10 (0.066%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 9 (0.059%) IEC 61131
15 8 (0.053%) Disclosure Scotland
16 6 (0.039%) COBIT
17 5 (0.033%) Solvency II
18 4 (0.026%) FATCA
System Software
1 3,068 (20.18%) Docker
2 597 (3.93%) VMware Infrastructure
3 296 (1.95%) Active Directory
4 221 (1.45%) HDFS
5 211 (1.39%) vSphere
6 200 (1.32%) Hyper-V
7 153 (1.01%) Virtual Machines
8 117 (0.77%) VMware ESXi
9 116 (0.76%) Apache Flume
10 110 (0.72%) VirtualBox
11 99 (0.65%) Firmware
12 98 (0.64%) KVM
13 77 (0.51%) Xen
14 49 (0.32%) Samba
15 47 (0.31%) NFS
16 45 (0.30%) iptables
17 40 (0.26%) XenServer
18 36 (0.24%) VMware NSX
19 35 (0.23%) Ceph
20 31 (0.20%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 2,394 (15.75%) Ansible
2 2,079 (13.67%) Puppet
3 1,626 (10.70%) Kubernetes
4 1,616 (10.63%) Opscode Chef
5 1,119 (7.36%) Terraform
6 417 (2.74%) Nagios
7 412 (2.71%) Salt
8 252 (1.66%) Docker Swarm
9 240 (1.58%) ZABBIX
10 224 (1.47%) Packer
11 183 (1.20%) Prometheus
12 168 (1.11%) Grafana
13 162 (1.07%) Kibana
14 130 (0.86%) Graphite
15 127 (0.84%) Consul
15 127 (0.84%) logstash
16 108 (0.71%) Hadoop YARN
17 103 (0.68%) Rancher
18 96 (0.63%) Mesos
19 90 (0.59%) Opsview
Vendors
1 1,206 (7.93%) Google
2 1,084 (7.13%) Microsoft
3 1,031 (6.78%) Oracle
4 826 (5.43%) VMware
5 783 (5.15%) Red Hat
6 562 (3.70%) Tableau
7 361 (2.37%) Cisco
8 351 (2.31%) Splunk
9 312 (2.05%) SAP
10 279 (1.84%) Cloudera
11 228 (1.50%) IBM
12 187 (1.23%) Atlassian
13 179 (1.18%) Hortonworks
14 169 (1.11%) New Relic
15 148 (0.97%) SaltStack
16 141 (0.93%) Sybase
17 124 (0.82%) Citrix
18 119 (0.78%) HP
19 117 (0.77%) Informatica
20 113 (0.74%) Talend