Period
to 6 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 6 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
6 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 14 18 23
Rank change year-on-year +4 +5 +5
Permanent jobs citing Python 14,241 15,378 14,321
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 11.42% 10.19% 8.49%
As % of the Programming Languages category 21.18% 18.47% 15.34%
Number of salaries quoted 11,499 12,565 11,893
England median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% -
10th Percentile £36,750 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £102,500 £95,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £61,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +1.67% +9.09% -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 67,232 83,271 93,334
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 53.92% 55.19% 55.34%
Number of salaries quoted 56,064 69,892 77,639
England median annual salary £53,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.95% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £29,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python in England.

Salary trend for Python in England

Python
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 6 December 2019.

Salary histogram for Python in England

Python
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 6 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +1 8,348 £72,500 +3.57% 1,357
South East +4 2,102 £52,500 +5.00% 402
North of England +5 1,281 £52,500 +5.00% 296
South West +4 1,144 £50,000 +4.17% 210
East of England +4 741 £52,500 - 303
North West +2 663 £55,000 +4.76% 152
Midlands +11 563 £50,000 +11.11% 142
Yorkshire +10 538 £50,000 +11.11% 112
West Midlands +13 382 £50,000 +5.26% 91
East Midlands -1 174 £47,500 +5.56% 51
North East -2 81 £42,500 -5.56% 32
South Coast - 3 £67,500 -
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 6 December 2019, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 5,017 (35.23%) AWS
2 4,904 (34.44%) Java
3 4,848 (34.04%) Agile Software Development
4 4,064 (28.54%) Linux
5 3,984 (27.98%) SQL
6 3,764 (26.43%) DevOps
7 3,449 (24.22%) Finance
8 3,292 (23.12%) Software Engineering
9 3,164 (22.22%) Docker
10 2,971 (20.86%) JavaScript
11 2,481 (17.42%) C#
12 2,461 (17.28%) C++
13 2,397 (16.83%) Azure
14 2,296 (16.12%) Degree
15 2,258 (15.86%) Kubernetes
16 2,125 (14.92%) Analytics
17 2,100 (14.75%) Ansible
18 2,086 (14.65%) Data Science
19 2,029 (14.25%) Git (software)
20 2,016 (14.16%) Machine Learning
21 1,990 (13.97%) Bash Shell
22 1,870 (13.13%) Jenkins
23 1,737 (12.20%) Computer Science
24 1,710 (12.01%) Terraform
25 1,704 (11.97%) R
26 1,678 (11.78%) GCP
27 1,580 (11.09%) Big Data
28 1,517 (10.65%) Test Automation
29 1,472 (10.34%) Ruby
30 1,466 (10.29%) Windows

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,159 (8.14%) Apache Spark
2 570 (4.00%) Elasticsearch
3 465 (3.27%) Apache
4 330 (2.32%) Confluence
5 264 (1.85%) SAS
6 225 (1.58%) nginx
7 169 (1.19%) Tomcat
8 145 (1.02%) Apache Airflow
8 145 (1.02%) OpenStack
9 121 (0.85%) IIS
10 102 (0.72%) JBoss
11 85 (0.60%) Jupyter
12 84 (0.59%) CMS
13 79 (0.55%) SharePoint
14 55 (0.39%) Tornado
15 54 (0.38%) ArcGIS
16 49 (0.34%) WebSphere
17 46 (0.32%) Luigi
18 44 (0.31%) WordPress
19 41 (0.29%) GeoServer
Applications
1 250 (1.76%) Microsoft Excel
2 119 (0.84%) Microsoft Office
3 65 (0.46%) SPSS
4 30 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 28 (0.20%) Simulink
6 24 (0.17%) Chatbot
7 20 (0.14%) Adobe XD
7 20 (0.14%) Photoshop
8 17 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
9 15 (0.11%) Stata
10 11 (0.077%) MS Visio
11 10 (0.070%) GNU Octave
12 8 (0.056%) Mathematica
12 8 (0.056%) Maya
12 8 (0.056%) NUKE
12 8 (0.056%) Stateflow
13 7 (0.049%) Adobe Illustrator
13 7 (0.049%) Zeplin
14 6 (0.042%) InDesign
15 5 (0.035%) Houdini
Business Applications
1 56 (0.39%) FINCAD Analytics
2 50 (0.35%) thinkFolio
3 44 (0.31%) PolarLake
4 40 (0.28%) Eagle PACE
4 40 (0.28%) Markit EDM
5 33 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
6 29 (0.20%) LatentZero
7 28 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
8 19 (0.13%) R3 Corda
9 15 (0.11%) SAP ERP
10 14 (0.098%) Dynamics CRM
11 9 (0.063%) SimCorp Dimension
11 9 (0.063%) Teamcenter
12 8 (0.056%) Magento
13 7 (0.049%) MetaTrader
13 7 (0.049%) Odoo
13 7 (0.049%) Oracle ERP
13 7 (0.049%) Relativity
13 7 (0.049%) Salesforce.com CRM
14 5 (0.035%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 5,017 (35.23%) AWS
2 2,397 (16.83%) Azure
3 1,678 (11.78%) GCP
4 759 (5.33%) Serverless
5 588 (4.13%) AWS Lambda
6 587 (4.12%) Amazon S3
7 561 (3.94%) AWS CloudFormation
8 541 (3.80%) SaaS
9 486 (3.41%) Power Platform
10 432 (3.03%) GitHub
11 411 (2.89%) Amazon EC2
12 287 (2.02%) PaaS
13 273 (1.92%) Amazon SQS
14 248 (1.74%) Amazon ECS
14 248 (1.74%) OpenShift
15 222 (1.56%) Cloud Computing
16 187 (1.31%) IaaS
17 158 (1.11%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 140 (0.98%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 130 (0.91%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 479 (3.36%) Firewall
2 477 (3.35%) DNS
3 429 (3.01%) TCP/IP
4 266 (1.87%) Internet
5 264 (1.85%) HTTP
6 256 (1.80%) VPN
7 157 (1.10%) DHCP
8 152 (1.07%) WAN
9 151 (1.06%) Network Security
10 144 (1.01%) BGP
11 132 (0.93%) Wireless
12 131 (0.92%) OSPF
13 126 (0.88%) SMTP
14 117 (0.82%) MPLS
15 114 (0.80%) Cisco ASA
16 101 (0.71%) NetScaler
17 98 (0.69%) IPsec
18 94 (0.66%) Broadband
18 94 (0.66%) Cisco Nexus
19 87 (0.61%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,580 (11.09%) Big Data
2 1,161 (8.15%) PostgreSQL
3 1,008 (7.08%) SQL Server
4 996 (6.99%) Hadoop
5 910 (6.39%) MySQL
6 887 (6.23%) NoSQL
7 711 (4.99%) Data Warehouse
8 627 (4.40%) Relational Database
9 601 (4.22%) MongoDB
10 477 (3.35%) Power BI
11 418 (2.94%) Apache Hive
12 378 (2.65%) Amazon RDS
13 373 (2.62%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 328 (2.30%) Amazon Redshift
15 311 (2.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 264 (1.85%) Redis
17 256 (1.80%) Amazon Athena
18 244 (1.71%) BigQuery
19 233 (1.64%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 229 (1.61%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 2,029 (14.25%) Git (software)
2 1,870 (13.13%) Jenkins
3 920 (6.46%) JIRA
4 621 (4.36%) Selenium
5 411 (2.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 360 (2.53%) Bitbucket
7 302 (2.12%) TeamCity
8 285 (2.00%) Cucumber
9 280 (1.97%) GitLab
10 257 (1.80%) Maven
11 252 (1.77%) Subversion
12 222 (1.56%) WebDriver
13 183 (1.29%) JUnit
14 174 (1.22%) Artifactory
14 174 (1.22%) JMeter
15 170 (1.19%) Visual Studio
16 169 (1.19%) RStudio
17 168 (1.18%) Octopus Deploy
18 159 (1.12%) Vagrant
19 135 (0.95%) webpack
General
1 3,449 (24.22%) Finance
2 886 (6.22%) Front Office
3 812 (5.70%) Banking
4 687 (4.82%) Marketing
5 599 (4.21%) Retail
6 403 (2.83%) Telecoms
7 365 (2.56%) Electronics
8 360 (2.53%) Public Sector
9 338 (2.37%) Games
10 298 (2.09%) Manufacturing
11 188 (1.32%) Automotive
12 184 (1.29%) Law
13 160 (1.12%) Advertising
14 130 (0.91%) Investment Banking
15 116 (0.81%) Aerospace
16 115 (0.81%) Back Office
17 112 (0.79%) Financial Institution
18 107 (0.75%) Legal
19 75 (0.53%) Publishing
20 70 (0.49%) Military
Job Titles
1 4,205 (29.53%) Developer
2 1,663 (11.68%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,638 (11.50%) Python Developer
4 1,558 (10.94%) Software Engineer
5 970 (6.81%) Data Engineer
6 906 (6.36%) Python Engineer
7 792 (5.56%) Data Scientist
8 770 (5.41%) Analyst
9 745 (5.23%) Senior Developer
10 720 (5.06%) AWS Engineer
11 653 (4.59%) Java Developer
12 585 (4.11%) Software Developer
13 542 (3.81%) Cloud Engineer
14 486 (3.41%) Architect
15 471 (3.31%) Junior
16 371 (2.61%) Consultant
17 365 (2.56%) Senior Software Engineer
18 361 (2.53%) Senior DevOps
19 344 (2.42%) Linux Engineer
20 330 (2.32%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,405 (9.87%) Web Services
2 1,225 (8.60%) Node.js
3 1,057 (7.42%) HTML
4 1,020 (7.16%) .NET
5 949 (6.66%) React
6 939 (6.59%) CSS
7 929 (6.52%) AngularJS
8 875 (6.14%) Django
9 659 (4.63%) REST
10 628 (4.41%) Kafka
11 583 (4.09%) RESTful
12 430 (3.02%) Flask
13 421 (2.96%) Pandas
14 413 (2.90%) J2EE
15 398 (2.79%) Spring
16 377 (2.65%) JSON
17 374 (2.63%) TensorFlow
18 370 (2.60%) Natural Language Processing
19 364 (2.56%) XML
20 349 (2.45%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 1,276 (8.96%) Analytical Skills
2 1,089 (7.65%) Algorithms
3 748 (5.25%) Fixed Income
4 736 (5.17%) Greenfield Project
5 629 (4.42%) Derivative
6 572 (4.02%) Hedge funds
7 520 (3.65%) Equities
8 399 (2.80%) Public Cloud
9 394 (2.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 392 (2.75%) Data Structures
11 358 (2.51%) User Experience
12 330 (2.32%) Self-Motivation
13 316 (2.22%) Management Information System
14 307 (2.16%) Linux Command Line
15 276 (1.94%) Mobile App
16 210 (1.47%) Data Centre
17 194 (1.36%) Cloud Native
18 163 (1.14%) Robotics
19 157 (1.10%) Virtual Team
20 146 (1.03%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 4,064 (28.54%) Linux
2 1,466 (10.29%) Windows
3 1,069 (7.51%) Unix
4 363 (2.55%) CentOS
5 293 (2.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 246 (1.73%) Android
7 245 (1.72%) Windows Server
8 200 (1.40%) Ubuntu
9 177 (1.24%) Apple iOS
10 102 (0.72%) Debian
11 76 (0.53%) Mac OS
12 49 (0.34%) Windows 10
13 47 (0.33%) VMS
14 46 (0.32%) Solaris
15 41 (0.29%) Kali Linux
16 40 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
17 37 (0.26%) Windows 7
18 35 (0.25%) Embedded Linux
19 32 (0.22%) Mesosphere
20 30 (0.21%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,848 (34.04%) Agile Software Development
2 3,764 (26.43%) DevOps
3 3,292 (23.12%) Software Engineering
4 2,125 (14.92%) Analytics
5 2,086 (14.65%) Data Science
6 2,016 (14.16%) Machine Learning
7 1,737 (12.20%) Computer Science
8 1,517 (10.65%) Test Automation
9 1,441 (10.12%) Problem-Solving
10 1,396 (9.80%) Continuous Integration
11 1,373 (9.64%) Microservices
12 1,291 (9.07%) Artificial Intelligence
13 1,223 (8.59%) Business Intelligence
14 1,134 (7.96%) Mentoring
15 1,115 (7.83%) Mathematics
16 1,105 (7.76%) Scrum
17 1,066 (7.49%) Fintech
18 1,043 (7.32%) Open Source
19 1,027 (7.21%) TDD
20 979 (6.87%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 4,904 (34.44%) Java
2 3,984 (27.98%) SQL
3 2,971 (20.86%) JavaScript
4 2,481 (17.42%) C#
5 2,461 (17.28%) C++
6 1,990 (13.97%) Bash Shell
7 1,704 (11.97%) R
8 1,472 (10.34%) Ruby
9 1,117 (7.84%) C
10 1,092 (7.67%) PowerShell
11 1,046 (7.34%) Go
12 1,008 (7.08%) PHP
13 996 (6.99%) Scala
14 898 (6.31%) Perl
15 462 (3.24%) Shell Script
16 367 (2.58%) MATLAB
17 336 (2.36%) TypeScript
18 225 (1.58%) Kotlin
19 198 (1.39%) Java 8
20 181 (1.27%) VBA
Qualifications
1 2,296 (16.12%) Degree
2 654 (4.59%) Computer Science Degree
3 582 (4.09%) Security Cleared
4 432 (3.03%) PhD
5 281 (1.97%) SC Cleared
6 239 (1.68%) DV Cleared
7 224 (1.57%) Cisco Certification
8 159 (1.12%) CCNP
9 143 (1.00%) CCNA
9 143 (1.00%) Master's Degree
10 122 (0.86%) Numerate Degree
11 97 (0.68%) AWS Certification
12 74 (0.52%) Microsoft Certification
13 72 (0.51%) ISTQB
14 63 (0.44%) CISSP
15 62 (0.44%) CCIE
16 50 (0.35%) Postgraduate
16 50 (0.35%) RHCE
17 46 (0.32%) CISM
18 43 (0.30%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 765 (5.37%) QA
2 208 (1.46%) Data Quality
3 157 (1.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 95 (0.67%) ISO 9001
5 61 (0.43%) GDPR
6 56 (0.39%) SLA
7 31 (0.22%) PCI DSS
8 27 (0.19%) MiFID
9 23 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 22 (0.15%) EMIR
11 17 (0.12%) Actionable Recommendations
11 17 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
12 15 (0.11%) IFRS
12 15 (0.11%) IFRS 9
12 15 (0.11%) NIST
13 13 (0.091%) IEC 61131
13 13 (0.091%) ISO 26262
14 12 (0.084%) Basel II
14 12 (0.084%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 12 (0.084%) IEC 61508
System Software
1 3,164 (22.22%) Docker
2 295 (2.07%) Active Directory
3 284 (1.99%) VMware Infrastructure
4 137 (0.96%) HDFS
5 117 (0.82%) Firmware
6 108 (0.76%) Hyper-V
7 75 (0.53%) Apache Flume
8 74 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
9 59 (0.41%) vSphere
10 56 (0.39%) VMware ESXi
11 50 (0.35%) VirtualBox
12 47 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 46 (0.32%) Xen
14 42 (0.29%) XenApp
15 41 (0.29%) KVM
16 38 (0.27%) NFS
17 28 (0.20%) XenDesktop
18 26 (0.18%) Varnish
19 25 (0.18%) Microsoft App-V
19 25 (0.18%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 2,258 (15.86%) Kubernetes
2 2,100 (14.75%) Ansible
3 1,710 (12.01%) Terraform
4 1,411 (9.91%) Puppet
5 1,061 (7.45%) Opscode Chef
6 297 (2.09%) Nagios
7 245 (1.72%) Prometheus
8 238 (1.67%) Packer
9 236 (1.66%) Grafana
10 184 (1.29%) Salt
11 160 (1.12%) Docker Swarm
12 147 (1.03%) Kibana
13 133 (0.93%) Consul
14 124 (0.87%) Oozie
15 105 (0.74%) ZABBIX
16 104 (0.73%) Graphite
17 99 (0.70%) Rancher
18 93 (0.65%) FortiGate
19 83 (0.58%) logstash
20 78 (0.55%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 1,206 (8.47%) Google
2 930 (6.53%) Microsoft
3 715 (5.02%) Oracle
4 558 (3.92%) Tableau
5 422 (2.96%) Splunk
6 369 (2.59%) VMware
7 367 (2.58%) Red Hat
8 271 (1.90%) Cisco
9 247 (1.73%) SAP
10 206 (1.45%) Bloomberg
11 193 (1.36%) Atlassian
12 176 (1.24%) Informatica
13 149 (1.05%) Palo Alto
14 131 (0.92%) IBM
15 128 (0.90%) Cloudera
16 114 (0.80%) Reuters
17 111 (0.78%) Hortonworks
18 107 (0.75%) Fortinet
18 107 (0.75%) Talend
19 99 (0.70%) Databricks