Period
to 25 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 11 13 17
Rank change year-on-year +2 +4 +2
Permanent jobs citing Python 14,625 8,868 15,213
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 14.67% 13.61% 11.41%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.32% 24.27% 21.17%
Number of salaries quoted 9,297 7,268 12,048
10th Percentile £41,780 £37,500 £35,000
25th Percentile £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.85% +4.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £81,250
90th Percentile £105,000 £107,500 £97,500
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,750 £60,000
% change year-on-year +3.59% +4.58% +4.35%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 55,561 36,537 71,876
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.74% 56.08% 53.90%
Number of salaries quoted 38,566 30,744 59,941
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,000 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £86,250
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Salary trend for Python in England

Python
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Python in England

Python
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 9,177 £77,500 +3.33% 1,400
South East -3 1,571 £55,000 +4.76% 294
North of England +2 1,330 £57,500 +9.52% 314
South West +3 1,048 £50,875 +1.75% 171
Midlands +4 778 £54,365 +8.73% 194
Yorkshire +5 683 £57,500 +4.55% 112
North West 0 593 £57,500 +9.52% 179
West Midlands +2 512 £60,000 +20.00% 138
East of England 0 466 £55,000 - 223
East Midlands +7 260 £47,875 -1.79% 55
North East -22 62 £46,250 -2.63% 23
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 6,255 (42.77%) AWS
2 5,251 (35.90%) Agile Software Development
3 4,734 (32.37%) Java
4 4,467 (30.54%) SQL
5 4,376 (29.92%) Software Engineering
6 4,088 (27.95%) DevOps
7 4,041 (27.63%) Docker
8 3,909 (26.73%) JavaScript
9 3,681 (25.17%) Finance
10 3,519 (24.06%) Kubernetes
11 3,482 (23.81%) Azure
12 3,103 (21.22%) Linux
13 2,725 (18.63%) GCP
14 2,649 (18.11%) Analytics
15 2,596 (17.75%) Social Skills
16 2,594 (17.74%) React
17 2,427 (16.59%) Terraform
18 2,264 (15.48%) Data Science
19 2,199 (15.04%) Degree
20 2,128 (14.55%) C#
21 2,067 (14.13%) Machine Learning
22 2,037 (13.93%) Git (software)
23 1,992 (13.62%) Microservices
24 1,896 (12.96%) Ansible
25 1,873 (12.81%) Node.js
26 1,865 (12.75%) Computer Science
27 1,800 (12.31%) Go
28 1,743 (11.92%) Jenkins
28 1,743 (11.92%) Problem-Solving
29 1,723 (11.78%) C++

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,051 (7.19%) Apache Spark
2 691 (4.72%) Elasticsearch
3 620 (4.24%) Apache
4 430 (2.94%) Apache Airflow
5 425 (2.91%) Confluence
6 207 (1.42%) nginx
7 142 (0.97%) GemFire
7 142 (0.97%) SAS
8 80 (0.55%) GeoServer
9 77 (0.53%) Cloud Foundry
9 77 (0.53%) Jupyter
10 75 (0.51%) Tomcat
11 68 (0.46%) SharePoint
12 63 (0.43%) CMS
13 58 (0.40%) OpenStack
14 57 (0.39%) Luigi
15 50 (0.34%) IIS
15 50 (0.34%) WordPress
16 49 (0.34%) Tornado
17 39 (0.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 266 (1.82%) Microsoft Excel
2 125 (0.85%) Microsoft Office
3 58 (0.40%) Simulink
4 44 (0.30%) MS Visio
5 34 (0.23%) Stateflow
6 33 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 31 (0.21%) Photoshop
8 27 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
9 24 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
10 21 (0.14%) Chatbot
11 18 (0.12%) GIMP
12 15 (0.10%) SPSS
13 12 (0.082%) Maya
14 9 (0.062%) Fireworks
14 9 (0.062%) Stata
14 9 (0.062%) Zemax
15 7 (0.048%) Campfire
16 6 (0.041%) Adobe Creative Suite
16 6 (0.041%) OrCAD
16 6 (0.041%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 45 (0.31%) Magento
2 33 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
3 29 (0.20%) Shopify
4 24 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
5 13 (0.089%) R3 Corda
6 11 (0.075%) NetSuite
6 11 (0.075%) Summit
7 10 (0.068%) Primavera
8 9 (0.062%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 9 (0.062%) Sentinel
9 7 (0.048%) Dynamics AX
9 7 (0.048%) Dynamics CRM
9 7 (0.048%) Remedy ITSM
10 6 (0.041%) FastStats
10 6 (0.041%) FINCAD Analytics
11 5 (0.034%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
11 5 (0.034%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
12 4 (0.027%) Relativity
12 4 (0.027%) SAP S/4HANA
12 4 (0.027%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 6,255 (42.77%) AWS
2 3,482 (23.81%) Azure
3 2,725 (18.63%) GCP
4 1,702 (11.64%) Serverless
5 955 (6.53%) AWS Lambda
6 830 (5.68%) GitHub
7 757 (5.18%) SaaS
8 740 (5.06%) AWS CloudFormation
9 726 (4.96%) Power Platform
10 554 (3.79%) Amazon EC2
11 550 (3.76%) Amazon S3
12 547 (3.74%) PaaS
13 469 (3.21%) Amazon ECS
14 361 (2.47%) Snowflake
15 354 (2.42%) IaaS
16 308 (2.11%) Amazon EKS
17 290 (1.98%) Cloud Computing
18 276 (1.89%) Amazon Kinesis
19 212 (1.45%) Amazon SQS
20 194 (1.33%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 475 (3.25%) HTTP
2 393 (2.69%) Firewall
3 278 (1.90%) TCP/IP
4 254 (1.74%) DNS
5 208 (1.42%) Internet
6 187 (1.28%) VPN
7 175 (1.20%) Broadband
8 98 (0.67%) IPv4
9 95 (0.65%) DHCP
9 95 (0.65%) OSPF
9 95 (0.65%) Wireless
10 94 (0.64%) Network Security
11 89 (0.61%) Wi-Fi
12 87 (0.59%) VLAN
12 87 (0.59%) Wireshark
13 82 (0.56%) WAN
14 74 (0.51%) Ethernet
15 73 (0.50%) LAN
16 70 (0.48%) SSH
17 67 (0.46%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,675 (11.45%) PostgreSQL
2 1,313 (8.98%) NoSQL
3 1,296 (8.86%) Big Data
4 1,023 (6.99%) Relational Database
5 982 (6.71%) MySQL
6 875 (5.98%) Data Warehouse
7 846 (5.78%) MongoDB
8 841 (5.75%) SQL Server
9 704 (4.81%) Power BI
10 677 (4.63%) Redis
11 640 (4.38%) Hadoop
12 607 (4.15%) Tableau
13 484 (3.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 418 (2.86%) Amazon Redshift
15 391 (2.67%) Data Lake
16 359 (2.45%) BigQuery
17 306 (2.09%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 280 (1.91%) MariaDB
19 279 (1.91%) Amazon RDS
20 261 (1.78%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 2,037 (13.93%) Git (software)
2 1,743 (11.92%) Jenkins
3 883 (6.04%) JIRA
4 699 (4.78%) GitLab
5 379 (2.59%) Selenium
6 351 (2.40%) Cucumber
7 299 (2.04%) Cypress.io
8 277 (1.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 262 (1.79%) CircleCI
10 233 (1.59%) Sonatype Nexus
11 231 (1.58%) JUnit
12 227 (1.55%) TeamCity
13 209 (1.43%) Bitbucket
14 204 (1.39%) Gradle
15 198 (1.35%) Subversion
16 182 (1.24%) Artifactory
16 182 (1.24%) SonarQube
17 168 (1.15%) Mockito
18 167 (1.14%) Protractor
19 162 (1.11%) JMeter
General
1 3,681 (25.17%) Finance
2 2,596 (17.75%) Social Skills
3 1,099 (7.51%) Analytical Skills
4 1,061 (7.25%) Banking
5 651 (4.45%) Games
6 639 (4.37%) Marketing
7 636 (4.35%) Front Office
8 518 (3.54%) Retail
9 457 (3.12%) Law
10 413 (2.82%) Public Sector
11 391 (2.67%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 389 (2.66%) Telecoms
13 298 (2.04%) Manufacturing
14 286 (1.96%) Presentation Skills
15 259 (1.77%) Electronics
16 252 (1.72%) Legal
17 215 (1.47%) Advertising
18 185 (1.26%) Organisational Skills
19 168 (1.15%) Investment Banking
20 148 (1.01%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 3,990 (27.28%) Developer
2 2,228 (15.23%) Software Engineer
3 1,527 (10.44%) DevOps Engineer
4 1,223 (8.36%) Data Engineer
5 1,216 (8.31%) Python Developer
6 1,049 (7.17%) Python Engineer
7 844 (5.77%) AWS Engineer
8 743 (5.08%) Senior Developer
9 712 (4.87%) Analyst
10 511 (3.49%) Cloud Engineer
11 504 (3.45%) Software Developer
12 501 (3.43%) Senior Software Engineer
13 481 (3.29%) Data Scientist
14 461 (3.15%) Architect
15 444 (3.04%) Java Developer
16 431 (2.95%) Full Stack Developer
17 429 (2.93%) Python Software Engineer
18 399 (2.73%) Developer/Software Engineer
19 371 (2.54%) Backend Developer
20 355 (2.43%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,594 (17.74%) React
2 1,873 (12.81%) Node.js
3 1,312 (8.97%) Web Services
4 1,272 (8.70%) AngularJS
5 1,155 (7.90%) Kafka
6 1,139 (7.79%) REST
7 1,133 (7.75%) Django
8 1,118 (7.64%) CSS
9 1,047 (7.16%) .NET
10 1,042 (7.12%) HTML
11 804 (5.50%) RESTful
12 688 (4.70%) Vue.js
13 613 (4.19%) GraphQL
14 599 (4.10%) Flask
15 572 (3.91%) Spring
16 510 (3.49%) Redux
17 481 (3.29%) JSON
18 407 (2.78%) HTML5
19 399 (2.73%) RabbitMQ
20 353 (2.41%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 1,063 (7.27%) Algorithms
2 689 (4.71%) User Experience
3 604 (4.13%) Hedge funds
4 550 (3.76%) Data Structures
5 531 (3.63%) Derivative
6 470 (3.21%) Greenfield Project
7 467 (3.19%) Equities
8 424 (2.90%) Fixed Income
9 378 (2.58%) Cloud Native
10 369 (2.52%) Public Cloud
11 362 (2.48%) Self-Motivation
12 352 (2.41%) Linux Command Line
13 314 (2.15%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 281 (1.92%) Mobile App
15 264 (1.81%) Data Centre
16 224 (1.53%) Virtual Team
17 223 (1.52%) Social Media
18 219 (1.50%) Blog
19 201 (1.37%) Management Information System
20 184 (1.26%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 3,103 (21.22%) Linux
2 945 (6.46%) Windows
3 911 (6.23%) Unix
4 302 (2.06%) CentOS
5 281 (1.92%) Android
6 261 (1.78%) Ubuntu
7 247 (1.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 226 (1.55%) Apple iOS
9 191 (1.31%) Windows Server
10 67 (0.46%) Debian
11 59 (0.40%) Windows 10
12 47 (0.32%) Windows Server 2016
13 42 (0.29%) Embedded Linux
14 29 (0.20%) Mac OS
15 28 (0.19%) Mesosphere
16 27 (0.18%) Windows 7
16 27 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
17 23 (0.16%) Solaris
17 23 (0.16%) VMS
18 17 (0.12%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,251 (35.90%) Agile Software Development
2 4,376 (29.92%) Software Engineering
3 4,088 (27.95%) DevOps
4 2,649 (18.11%) Analytics
5 2,264 (15.48%) Data Science
6 2,067 (14.13%) Machine Learning
7 1,992 (13.62%) Microservices
8 1,865 (12.75%) Computer Science
9 1,743 (11.92%) Problem-Solving
10 1,660 (11.35%) Artificial Intelligence
11 1,378 (9.42%) Test Automation
12 1,337 (9.14%) TDD
13 1,330 (9.09%) Infrastructure as Code
14 1,326 (9.07%) Continuous Integration
15 1,255 (8.58%) Mentoring
16 1,230 (8.41%) Business Intelligence
17 1,108 (7.58%) Open Source
18 1,107 (7.57%) Scrum
19 1,075 (7.35%) Fintech
20 1,072 (7.33%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 4,734 (32.37%) Java
2 4,467 (30.54%) SQL
3 3,909 (26.73%) JavaScript
4 2,128 (14.55%) C#
5 1,800 (12.31%) Go
6 1,723 (11.78%) C++
7 1,622 (11.09%) Bash Shell
8 1,248 (8.53%) TypeScript
9 1,108 (7.58%) Ruby
10 1,072 (7.33%) PowerShell
11 922 (6.30%) Scala
12 906 (6.19%) R
13 852 (5.83%) C
14 722 (4.94%) PHP
15 506 (3.46%) Perl
16 468 (3.20%) Kotlin
17 460 (3.15%) Shell Script
18 371 (2.54%) Groovy
19 249 (1.70%) MATLAB
20 215 (1.47%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 2,199 (15.04%) Degree
2 721 (4.93%) Computer Science Degree
3 679 (4.64%) Security Cleared
4 439 (3.00%) PhD
5 417 (2.85%) SC Cleared
6 307 (2.10%) Master's Degree
7 211 (1.44%) Oracle Certification
8 210 (1.44%) OCP
9 190 (1.30%) AWS Certification
10 160 (1.09%) Numerate Degree
11 131 (0.90%) DV Cleared
12 100 (0.68%) Cisco Certification
13 68 (0.46%) CIW
13 68 (0.46%) OCA
14 60 (0.41%) RHCE
15 51 (0.35%) CCNP
16 47 (0.32%) ISTQB
17 41 (0.28%) GIAC
18 40 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
19 38 (0.26%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 767 (5.24%) QA
2 245 (1.68%) Data Quality
3 209 (1.43%) GDPR
4 107 (0.73%) Accessibility
5 78 (0.53%) SLA
6 74 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 37 (0.25%) MiFID
8 32 (0.22%) GRC
9 29 (0.20%) NIST
10 27 (0.18%) PCI DSS
11 24 (0.16%) PMO
11 24 (0.16%) WCAG
12 17 (0.12%) Actionable Recommendations
13 13 (0.089%) HIPAA
13 13 (0.089%) IEC 61131
13 13 (0.089%) ISO 9001
14 9 (0.062%) Basel II
14 9 (0.062%) CRD IV
14 9 (0.062%) ISO 26262
14 9 (0.062%) WAI
System Software
1 4,041 (27.63%) Docker
2 356 (2.43%) VMware Infrastructure
3 173 (1.18%) Active Directory
4 146 (1.00%) HDFS
5 102 (0.70%) Firmware
5 102 (0.70%) Virtual Machines
6 96 (0.66%) VirtualBox
7 95 (0.65%) VMware ESXi
8 44 (0.30%) Hyper-V
9 41 (0.28%) vSphere
10 39 (0.27%) KVM
11 34 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 28 (0.19%) NFS
13 20 (0.14%) VMware NSX
14 18 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
15 17 (0.12%) Apache Flume
16 13 (0.089%) iptables
17 12 (0.082%) Snort
18 11 (0.075%) etcd
19 10 (0.068%) Ceph
Systems Management
1 3,519 (24.06%) Kubernetes
2 2,427 (16.59%) Terraform
3 1,896 (12.96%) Ansible
4 1,023 (6.99%) Puppet
5 773 (5.29%) Opscode Chef
6 523 (3.58%) Prometheus
7 454 (3.10%) Grafana
8 192 (1.31%) Docker Swarm
9 170 (1.16%) Kibana
10 105 (0.72%) Consul
11 95 (0.65%) Packer
12 87 (0.59%) Nagios
13 83 (0.57%) Istio
14 64 (0.44%) logstash
15 61 (0.42%) Salt
16 48 (0.33%) Graylog
17 45 (0.31%) CFEngine
18 40 (0.27%) Graphite
19 38 (0.26%) HP Quality Center
20 35 (0.24%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 1,303 (8.91%) Google
2 1,074 (7.34%) Microsoft
3 863 (5.90%) Oracle
4 467 (3.19%) VMware
5 326 (2.23%) Red Hat
6 311 (2.13%) Databricks
7 231 (1.58%) SAP
8 229 (1.57%) Splunk
9 224 (1.53%) IBM
10 189 (1.29%) Cisco
11 150 (1.03%) Atlassian
12 145 (0.99%) SaltStack
13 141 (0.96%) Okta
14 131 (0.90%) New Relic
15 125 (0.85%) Informatica
16 124 (0.85%) Cloudera
17 118 (0.81%) Talend
18 109 (0.75%) Hortonworks
19 101 (0.69%) Salesforce.com
20 94 (0.64%) Sybase