Period
to 20 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 20 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
20 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 17 21 27
Rank change year-on-year +4 +6 +14
Permanent jobs citing Python 14,800 13,986 11,784
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 10.64% 8.63% 7.05%
As % of the Programming Languages category 19.37% 15.47% 13.24%
Number of salaries quoted 12,185 11,700 10,269
England median annual salary £60,000 £57,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.64% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 76,401 90,391 89,026
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 54.94% 55.76% 53.26%
Number of salaries quoted 63,789 75,913 77,049
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £78,750 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +4.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python in England.

Salary trend for Python in England

Python
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 20 January 2019.

Salary histogram for Python in England

Python
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 20 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +8 8,783 £70,000 +7.69% 1,494
South East +2 2,224 £50,000 - 400
North of England +17 1,300 £50,000 - 293
South West +15 1,003 £47,500 -2.06% 271
East of England -3 916 £52,500 +5.00% 339
North West +15 698 £53,000 +6.00% 162
Midlands +9 565 £45,000 +5.88% 138
Yorkshire +13 491 £47,500 -5.00% 98
West Midlands +22 335 £47,500 +18.75% 77
East Midlands -8 230 £45,000 - 61
North East +42 112 £45,000 +12.50% 33
South Coast - 1 £60,000 -
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 20 January 2019, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 5,688 (38.43%) Java
2 5,220 (35.27%) Linux
3 4,970 (33.58%) Agile Software Development
4 4,472 (30.22%) Amazon AWS
5 4,331 (29.26%) SQL
6 4,055 (27.40%) DevOps
7 3,200 (21.62%) Finance
8 3,159 (21.34%) JavaScript
9 3,049 (20.60%) C++
10 3,002 (20.28%) Software Engineering
11 2,846 (19.23%) Docker
12 2,784 (18.81%) C#
13 2,521 (17.03%) Degree
14 2,386 (16.12%) Machine Learning
15 2,384 (16.11%) Ansible
16 2,379 (16.07%) Microsoft Azure
17 2,333 (15.76%) Bash Shell
18 2,187 (14.78%) Git (software)
19 2,091 (14.13%) Jenkins
20 2,080 (14.05%) Computer Science
21 2,061 (13.93%) Analytics
22 2,044 (13.81%) Ruby
23 1,912 (12.92%) Big Data
24 1,865 (12.60%) Data Science
25 1,809 (12.22%) Continuous Integration
26 1,734 (11.72%) Puppet
27 1,726 (11.66%) Test Automation
28 1,692 (11.43%) Windows
29 1,687 (11.40%) Kubernetes
30 1,571 (10.61%) Perl

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,340 (9.05%) Apache Spark
2 838 (5.66%) Apache
3 759 (5.13%) Elasticsearch
4 357 (2.41%) SAS
5 351 (2.37%) Confluence
6 334 (2.26%) Tomcat
7 321 (2.17%) nginx
8 184 (1.24%) Apache Pig
9 180 (1.22%) OpenStack
10 117 (0.79%) IIS
11 106 (0.72%) Apache Solr
12 92 (0.62%) WebLogic
13 90 (0.61%) WebSphere
14 86 (0.58%) SharePoint
15 81 (0.55%) Ethereum
16 76 (0.51%) MS Exchange
17 74 (0.50%) JBoss
18 52 (0.35%) Apache Airflow
18 52 (0.35%) CMS
19 45 (0.30%) WordPress
Applications
1 211 (1.43%) Microsoft Excel
2 156 (1.05%) Microsoft Office
3 92 (0.62%) SPSS
4 77 (0.52%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 57 (0.39%) Chatbot
6 39 (0.26%) MS Visio
7 21 (0.14%) Photoshop
7 21 (0.14%) Stata
8 14 (0.095%) Snapchat
9 10 (0.068%) InVision
10 9 (0.061%) Simulink
11 8 (0.054%) GNU Octave
12 6 (0.041%) HipChat
12 6 (0.041%) Maya
12 6 (0.041%) Spreadsheet
13 3 (0.020%) CPLEX
13 3 (0.020%) Weka
14 2 (0.014%) Adobe After Effects
14 2 (0.014%) Houdini
14 2 (0.014%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 62 (0.42%) Distributed Ledger
2 59 (0.40%) thinkFolio
3 34 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
4 28 (0.19%) Magento
5 23 (0.16%) Odoo
6 18 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
7 16 (0.11%) Actimize
8 15 (0.10%) R3 Corda
9 11 (0.074%) SAP Business One
10 10 (0.068%) Oracle Applications
10 10 (0.068%) Ripple
11 9 (0.061%) Oracle Payables
11 9 (0.061%) Oracle Receivables
11 9 (0.061%) Remedy ITSM
11 9 (0.061%) SAP S/4HANA
12 8 (0.054%) Eagle PACE
12 8 (0.054%) Front Arena
12 8 (0.054%) Markit EDM
12 8 (0.054%) SAP BPC
13 7 (0.047%) SunGard GMI
Cloud Services
1 4,472 (30.22%) Amazon AWS
2 2,379 (16.07%) Microsoft Azure
3 1,304 (8.81%) Google Cloud Platform
4 500 (3.38%) SaaS
5 448 (3.03%) AWS CloudFormation
6 429 (2.90%) GitHub
7 428 (2.89%) Cloud Computing
8 423 (2.86%) Serverless
9 386 (2.61%) Amazon EC2
10 342 (2.31%) Amazon S3
11 327 (2.21%) AWS Lambda
12 281 (1.90%) PaaS
13 217 (1.47%) IaaS
14 189 (1.28%) Office 365
15 180 (1.22%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 173 (1.17%) Amazon EMR
17 151 (1.02%) Amazon SQS
18 139 (0.94%) OpenShift
19 111 (0.75%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 98 (0.66%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 611 (4.13%) Firewall
2 495 (3.34%) TCP/IP
3 378 (2.55%) DNS
4 305 (2.06%) Internet
5 297 (2.01%) HTTP
6 219 (1.48%) WAN
7 211 (1.43%) Wireless
8 201 (1.36%) VPN
9 187 (1.26%) LAN
10 177 (1.20%) Network Security
11 149 (1.01%) DHCP
12 144 (0.97%) BGP
13 122 (0.82%) SSL
14 106 (0.72%) Wireshark
15 96 (0.65%) Wi-Fi
16 88 (0.59%) VLAN
17 86 (0.58%) SAN
18 75 (0.51%) OSPF
19 74 (0.50%) MPLS
19 74 (0.50%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,912 (12.92%) Big Data
2 1,548 (10.46%) NoSQL
3 1,482 (10.01%) Hadoop
4 1,275 (8.61%) MySQL
5 1,119 (7.56%) PostgreSQL
6 1,083 (7.32%) SQL Server
7 873 (5.90%) MongoDB
8 829 (5.60%) Relational Database
9 659 (4.45%) Apache Hive
10 566 (3.82%) Data Warehouse
11 558 (3.77%) Apache Cassandra
12 424 (2.86%) Amazon Redshift
13 420 (2.84%) Power BI
14 384 (2.59%) Redis
15 336 (2.27%) HBase
16 272 (1.84%) Blockchain
17 265 (1.79%) Data Mining
18 258 (1.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 246 (1.66%) RDBMS
20 239 (1.61%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 2,187 (14.78%) Git (software)
2 2,091 (14.13%) Jenkins
3 975 (6.59%) JIRA
4 646 (4.36%) Selenium
5 535 (3.61%) Maven
6 522 (3.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 502 (3.39%) TeamCity
8 437 (2.95%) Subversion
9 302 (2.04%) Octopus Deploy
10 286 (1.93%) Cucumber
11 269 (1.82%) Vagrant
12 248 (1.68%) GitLab
13 243 (1.64%) Visual Studio
14 224 (1.51%) Bitbucket
15 203 (1.37%) Gradle
16 201 (1.36%) JUnit
17 169 (1.14%) Team Foundation Server
18 164 (1.11%) WebDriver
19 152 (1.03%) Ant
20 141 (0.95%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 3,200 (21.62%) Finance
2 995 (6.72%) Banking
3 632 (4.27%) Retail
4 570 (3.85%) Marketing
5 522 (3.53%) Telecoms
6 441 (2.98%) Front Office
7 427 (2.89%) Games
8 313 (2.11%) Electronics
8 313 (2.11%) Law
9 286 (1.93%) Investment Banking
9 286 (1.93%) Manufacturing
10 172 (1.16%) Advertising
11 166 (1.12%) Military
12 159 (1.07%) Publishing
13 133 (0.90%) Financial Institution
14 100 (0.68%) Automotive
15 93 (0.63%) Legal
16 80 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
17 69 (0.47%) French Language
17 69 (0.47%) German Language
Job Titles
1 4,491 (30.34%) Developer
2 1,797 (12.14%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,539 (10.40%) Python Developer
4 1,472 (9.95%) Software Engineer
5 846 (5.72%) Data Engineer
6 830 (5.61%) Python Engineer
7 826 (5.58%) Data Scientist
8 807 (5.45%) Analyst
9 782 (5.28%) Senior Developer
10 758 (5.12%) Java Developer
11 695 (4.70%) Software Developer
12 584 (3.95%) Architect
13 564 (3.81%) Linux Engineer
14 528 (3.57%) AWS Engineer
15 490 (3.31%) Junior
16 470 (3.18%) Graduate
17 444 (3.00%) Test Engineer
18 436 (2.95%) Cloud Engineer
19 397 (2.68%) AWS DevOps
20 342 (2.31%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,418 (9.58%) HTML
2 1,228 (8.30%) Node.js
3 1,201 (8.11%) .NET
4 1,198 (8.09%) AngularJS
5 1,151 (7.78%) Web Services
6 1,116 (7.54%) CSS
7 1,014 (6.85%) Django
8 936 (6.32%) React
9 841 (5.68%) Kafka
10 728 (4.92%) REST
11 626 (4.23%) RESTful
12 561 (3.79%) Spring
13 558 (3.77%) Natural Language Processing
14 486 (3.28%) HTML5
15 407 (2.75%) Elastic Stack
16 396 (2.68%) TensorFlow
17 378 (2.55%) JSON
18 371 (2.51%) XML
19 358 (2.42%) Flask
20 338 (2.28%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 1,273 (8.60%) Algorithms
2 1,250 (8.45%) Analytical Skills
3 1,025 (6.93%) Fintech
4 542 (3.66%) Greenfield Project
5 504 (3.41%) Hedge funds
6 494 (3.34%) Data Structures
7 410 (2.77%) Public Cloud
8 409 (2.76%) Self-Motivation
9 398 (2.69%) User Experience
10 369 (2.49%) Data Centre
11 346 (2.34%) Equities
12 303 (2.05%) Fixed Income
13 300 (2.03%) Derivative
14 299 (2.02%) Enterprise Software
15 284 (1.92%) Linux Command Line
16 269 (1.82%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 243 (1.64%) Mobile App
18 210 (1.42%) Management Information System
19 204 (1.38%) Robotics
20 133 (0.90%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 5,220 (35.27%) Linux
2 1,692 (11.43%) Windows
3 1,304 (8.81%) Unix
4 587 (3.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 573 (3.87%) CentOS
6 409 (2.76%) Ubuntu
7 332 (2.24%) Android
8 309 (2.09%) Windows Server
9 255 (1.72%) Apple iOS
10 173 (1.17%) Debian
11 89 (0.60%) Solaris
12 77 (0.52%) Mac OS X
13 69 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
14 68 (0.46%) Fedora
15 62 (0.42%) Windows Server 2008
16 59 (0.40%) CoreOS
17 56 (0.38%) AIX
18 54 (0.36%) Embedded Linux
19 45 (0.30%) Windows 10
20 44 (0.30%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,970 (33.58%) Agile Software Development
2 4,055 (27.40%) DevOps
3 3,002 (20.28%) Software Engineering
4 2,386 (16.12%) Machine Learning
5 2,080 (14.05%) Computer Science
6 2,061 (13.93%) Analytics
7 1,865 (12.60%) Data Science
8 1,809 (12.22%) Continuous Integration
9 1,726 (11.66%) Test Automation
10 1,521 (10.28%) Mathematics
11 1,436 (9.70%) Problem-Solving
12 1,406 (9.50%) Artificial Intelligence
13 1,373 (9.28%) Open Source
14 1,354 (9.15%) TDD
15 1,282 (8.66%) Scrum
16 1,218 (8.23%) Configuration Management
17 1,154 (7.80%) Microservices
18 983 (6.64%) Business Intelligence
19 925 (6.25%) Visualisation
20 922 (6.23%) OO
Programming Languages
1 5,688 (38.43%) Java
2 4,331 (29.26%) SQL
3 3,159 (21.34%) JavaScript
4 3,049 (20.60%) C++
5 2,784 (18.81%) C#
6 2,333 (15.76%) Bash Shell
7 2,044 (13.81%) Ruby
8 1,571 (10.61%) Perl
9 1,449 (9.79%) C
10 1,399 (9.45%) R
11 1,210 (8.18%) Scala
12 1,186 (8.01%) Go
13 1,182 (7.99%) PHP
14 1,128 (7.62%) PowerShell
15 494 (3.34%) Shell Script
16 324 (2.19%) MATLAB
17 237 (1.60%) TypeScript
18 215 (1.45%) Java 8
19 200 (1.35%) T-SQL
20 191 (1.29%) ES6
Qualifications
1 2,521 (17.03%) Degree
2 836 (5.65%) Computer Science Degree
3 692 (4.68%) PhD
4 560 (3.78%) Security Cleared
5 299 (2.02%) SC Cleared
6 253 (1.71%) DV Cleared
7 238 (1.61%) Numerate Degree
8 196 (1.32%) Master's Degree
9 195 (1.32%) Cisco Certification
10 182 (1.23%) AWS Certification
11 176 (1.19%) Microsoft Certification
12 119 (0.80%) CCNP
13 112 (0.76%) CISSP
13 112 (0.76%) MPhil
14 103 (0.70%) ISTQB
15 93 (0.63%) CCNA
16 90 (0.61%) RHCE
17 85 (0.57%) MCSA
18 80 (0.54%) MCSE
19 69 (0.47%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 816 (5.51%) QA
2 200 (1.35%) Data Quality
3 99 (0.67%) GDPR
4 88 (0.59%) SLA
5 57 (0.39%) PCI DSS
6 52 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 30 (0.20%) MiFID
8 26 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 17 (0.11%) Actionable Recommendations
10 16 (0.11%) JTAG
11 15 (0.10%) ISO 9001
11 15 (0.10%) SAS 70
12 10 (0.068%) PMO
13 9 (0.061%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 9 (0.061%) Solvency II
14 8 (0.054%) EMIR
15 6 (0.041%) Disclosure Scotland
15 6 (0.041%) GxP
16 5 (0.034%) COBIT
16 5 (0.034%) HIPAA
System Software
1 2,846 (19.23%) Docker
2 544 (3.68%) VMware Infrastructure
3 323 (2.18%) Active Directory
4 185 (1.25%) Hyper-V
5 161 (1.09%) HDFS
6 150 (1.01%) Apache Flume
7 141 (0.95%) vSphere
8 117 (0.79%) Virtual Machines
9 104 (0.70%) VMware ESXi
10 99 (0.67%) VirtualBox
11 78 (0.53%) Firmware
12 74 (0.50%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 67 (0.45%) KVM
14 54 (0.36%) Xen
15 52 (0.35%) VMware NSX
16 39 (0.26%) NFS
16 39 (0.26%) Varnish
17 29 (0.20%) pfSense
18 28 (0.19%) Samba
19 27 (0.18%) iptables
Systems Management
1 2,384 (16.11%) Ansible
2 1,734 (11.72%) Puppet
3 1,687 (11.40%) Kubernetes
4 1,278 (8.64%) Opscode Chef
5 1,144 (7.73%) Terraform
6 397 (2.68%) Salt
7 272 (1.84%) Nagios
8 229 (1.55%) Prometheus
9 222 (1.50%) Packer
10 217 (1.47%) Docker Swarm
11 192 (1.30%) Oozie
12 187 (1.26%) Grafana
13 167 (1.13%) Hadoop YARN
14 161 (1.09%) Kibana
15 160 (1.08%) Graphite
16 159 (1.07%) ZABBIX
17 158 (1.07%) Consul
18 109 (0.74%) logstash
19 106 (0.72%) Mesos
20 98 (0.66%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 1,197 (8.09%) Google
2 1,086 (7.34%) Microsoft
3 954 (6.45%) Oracle
4 714 (4.82%) Red Hat
5 692 (4.68%) Tableau
6 689 (4.66%) VMware
7 371 (2.51%) SAP
8 340 (2.30%) Splunk
9 324 (2.19%) Cisco
10 312 (2.11%) Cloudera
11 236 (1.59%) Atlassian
12 212 (1.43%) Hortonworks
13 171 (1.16%) IBM
14 129 (0.87%) New Relic
15 119 (0.80%) Informatica
16 117 (0.79%) MapR
17 116 (0.78%) CheckPoint
18 107 (0.72%) Databricks
19 96 (0.65%) Bloomberg
19 96 (0.65%) Palo Alto