Period
to 20 June 2019

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £450 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 20 June 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
UK > England
6 months to
20 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 187 210 254
Rank change year-on-year +23 +44 -8
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 1,252 1,186 859
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.51% 1.30% 1.02%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.60% 1.37% 1.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 599 629 419
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £320 £325 £313
90th Percentile £595 £615 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £420
% change year-on-year - +7.14% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 196 206 207
England median hourly rate £45.50 £43.00 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.81% - +1.18%
10th Percentile £39.63 £31.88 £32.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.50 £55.25
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £43.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +4.65% +1.18% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 78,410 86,400 79,775
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.57% 94.79% 95.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,040 57,066 51,942
England median daily rate £475 £450 £435
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +3.45% +2.35%
10th Percentile £275 £275 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £474 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.33% +5.88% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,487 2,787 2,609
England median hourly rate £19.64 £18.50 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.16% -1.07% -6.48%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £10.75
90th Percentile £52.27 £48.75 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £19.50 £18.00 £18.70
% change year-on-year +8.33% -3.74% -6.50%

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineer in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer in England over the 6 months to 20 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer in England over the 6 months to 20 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the England region over the 6 months to 20 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +30 409 £525 +5.00% 325
South East +17 289 £425 -5.56% 289
South West +14 206 £361 -3.67% 181
East of England +20 125 £375 - 254
North of England -48 119 £413 -5.71% 171
Midlands +47 102 £425 +13.33% 125
West Midlands +31 79 £420 +5.13% 76
Yorkshire -20 71 £419 -1.47% 53
North West -27 35 £425 -10.53% 95
East Midlands +29 22 £513 +36.67% 49
North East +17 13 £356 -6.25% 23
Software Engineer
UK

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 20 June 2019, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 1,214 (96.96%) Software Engineering
2 495 (39.54%) C++
3 466 (37.22%) Agile Software Development
4 372 (29.71%) Java
5 314 (25.08%) C
6 278 (22.20%) Python
7 276 (22.04%) Linux
8 260 (20.77%) JavaScript
9 257 (20.53%) C#
10 194 (15.50%) Docker
11 193 (15.42%) Security Cleared
12 185 (14.78%) .NET
13 179 (14.30%) Amazon AWS
14 176 (14.06%) SQL
15 168 (13.42%) SC Cleared
16 157 (12.54%) DevOps
16 157 (12.54%) Microservices
17 153 (12.22%) UML
18 146 (11.66%) TDD
19 141 (11.26%) Scrum
20 139 (11.10%) Microsoft Azure
21 134 (10.70%) Finance
21 134 (10.70%) Git (software)
22 128 (10.22%) Node.js
23 126 (10.06%) Test Automation
23 126 (10.06%) Degree
24 121 (9.66%) Web Services
24 121 (9.66%) Computer Science
25 117 (9.35%) AngularJS
25 117 (9.35%) Problem-Solving

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (3.19%) Elasticsearch
2 36 (2.88%) Apache
2 36 (2.88%) Confluence
3 34 (2.72%) Apache Spark
4 14 (1.12%) SharePoint
5 10 (0.80%) JBoss
6 7 (0.56%) GeoServer
6 7 (0.56%) WebLogic
7 6 (0.48%) nginx
8 5 (0.40%) Apache Qpid
8 5 (0.40%) CMS
8 5 (0.40%) Jupyter
8 5 (0.40%) Tomcat
8 5 (0.40%) WebSphere
9 3 (0.24%) Apache Airflow
9 3 (0.24%) Cloud Foundry
9 3 (0.24%) WebSphere Application Server
10 2 (0.16%) IIS
10 2 (0.16%) OpenStack
10 2 (0.16%) SAS
Applications
1 29 (2.32%) Simulink
2 13 (1.04%) Microsoft Office
3 10 (0.80%) Microsoft Excel
4 5 (0.40%) Adobe Illustrator
4 5 (0.40%) Inkscape
5 3 (0.24%) Adobe XD
5 3 (0.24%) InVision
5 3 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.24%) Windchill
6 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.080%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.080%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.080%) PrintSoft PReS
7 1 (0.080%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 4 (0.32%) Eikon
2 3 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.16%) Magento
3 2 (0.16%) Markit EDM
3 2 (0.16%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.080%) Decalog
4 1 (0.080%) Front Arena
Cloud Services
1 179 (14.30%) Amazon AWS
2 139 (11.10%) Microsoft Azure
3 71 (5.67%) GitHub
3 71 (5.67%) Serverless
4 43 (3.43%) AWS Lambda
5 42 (3.35%) Google Cloud Platform
6 34 (2.72%) Amazon S3
7 33 (2.64%) Amazon EC2
8 32 (2.56%) AWS CloudFormation
9 22 (1.76%) Azure Functions
10 21 (1.68%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 17 (1.36%) Amazon SQS
12 15 (1.20%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 13 (1.04%) PaaS
14 12 (0.96%) Cloud Computing
15 11 (0.88%) SaaS
16 9 (0.72%) Amazon Kinesis
16 9 (0.72%) Heroku
16 9 (0.72%) Stackdriver
17 7 (0.56%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 27 (2.16%) TCP/IP
2 18 (1.44%) Ethernet
3 16 (1.28%) VoIP
4 13 (1.04%) HTTP
4 13 (1.04%) Wireshark
5 12 (0.96%) RS-232
6 11 (0.88%) 5G
6 11 (0.88%) Firewall
6 11 (0.88%) IPv6
6 11 (0.88%) RS-485
6 11 (0.88%) Wireless
7 10 (0.80%) DVB
8 9 (0.72%) LTE
9 8 (0.64%) 4G
9 8 (0.64%) Wi-Fi
10 7 (0.56%) Bluetooth
11 6 (0.48%) Software-Defined Networking
12 5 (0.40%) Internet
13 4 (0.32%) 3G
13 4 (0.32%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 101 (8.07%) SQL Server
2 61 (4.87%) PostgreSQL
3 58 (4.63%) Big Data
4 57 (4.55%) NoSQL
5 51 (4.07%) MySQL
6 49 (3.91%) MongoDB
7 41 (3.27%) Hadoop
8 38 (3.04%) Amazon RDS
9 34 (2.72%) Relational Database
10 30 (2.40%) Redis
11 25 (2.00%) Cosmos DB
12 24 (1.92%) Amazon Redshift
13 22 (1.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 22 (1.76%) RDBMS
14 21 (1.68%) Apache Cassandra
15 20 (1.60%) Neo4j
16 16 (1.28%) Data Warehouse
17 12 (0.96%) Apache Hive
18 11 (0.88%) Azure SQL Database
18 11 (0.88%) HBase
Development Applications
1 134 (10.70%) Git (software)
2 103 (8.23%) Jenkins
3 85 (6.79%) Rational Rhapsody
3 85 (6.79%) Visual Studio
4 80 (6.39%) JIRA
5 68 (5.43%) Rational DOORS
6 44 (3.51%) Selenium
7 37 (2.96%) Cucumber
8 28 (2.24%) GitLab
9 27 (2.16%) Maven
10 25 (2.00%) Subversion
11 23 (1.84%) Rational Team Concert
11 23 (1.84%) Team Foundation Server
12 20 (1.60%) TeamCity
13 19 (1.52%) SonarQube
14 16 (1.28%) Artifactory
14 16 (1.28%) SpecFlow
14 16 (1.28%) Visual Studio Team System
15 13 (1.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 13 (1.04%) Eclipse
General
1 134 (10.70%) Finance
2 50 (3.99%) Electronics
3 47 (3.75%) Law
4 41 (3.27%) Aerospace
5 37 (2.96%) Front Office
6 33 (2.64%) Banking
7 32 (2.56%) Telecoms
8 27 (2.16%) Manufacturing
9 24 (1.92%) Retail
10 21 (1.68%) Automotive
11 20 (1.60%) Military
12 15 (1.20%) Avionics
13 13 (1.04%) Advertising
13 13 (1.04%) Legal
14 11 (0.88%) French Language
15 10 (0.80%) Investment Banking
16 9 (0.72%) Publishing
17 7 (0.56%) Financial Institution
17 7 (0.56%) Games
17 7 (0.56%) Marketing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 185 (14.78%) .NET
2 128 (10.22%) Node.js
3 121 (9.66%) Web Services
4 117 (9.35%) AngularJS
5 106 (8.47%) HTML
6 99 (7.91%) React
7 89 (7.11%) CSS
8 83 (6.63%) RESTful
9 76 (6.07%) Spring
10 70 (5.59%) REST
11 53 (4.23%) HTML5
12 50 (3.99%) JSON
12 50 (3.99%) Redux
13 47 (3.75%) ASP.NET
14 46 (3.67%) Kafka
14 46 (3.67%) XML
15 43 (3.43%) .NET Core
16 42 (3.35%) GraphQL
16 42 (3.35%) Spring Boot
17 41 (3.27%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 60 (4.79%) Algorithms
2 57 (4.55%) Analytical Skills
3 53 (4.23%) Embedded Systems
4 49 (3.91%) User Experience
5 37 (2.96%) Greenfield Project
6 31 (2.48%) Fixed Income
7 30 (2.40%) Self-Motivation
8 29 (2.32%) Derivative
9 20 (1.60%) Data Structures
10 19 (1.52%) TMS320
11 17 (1.36%) Device Driver
12 15 (1.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 14 (1.12%) Life Science
14 13 (1.04%) State Machine
14 13 (1.04%) VHDL
14 13 (1.04%) Virtual Team
15 12 (0.96%) Client/Server
15 12 (0.96%) Digital Media
15 12 (0.96%) Public Cloud
16 11 (0.88%) Digital TV
Operating Systems
1 276 (22.04%) Linux
2 93 (7.43%) Windows
3 47 (3.75%) Embedded Linux
4 45 (3.59%) Android
5 44 (3.51%) Unix
6 14 (1.12%) FreeRTOS
6 14 (1.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 13 (1.04%) Ubuntu
8 11 (0.88%) CentOS
9 8 (0.64%) Apple iOS
10 7 (0.56%) Fedora
11 5 (0.40%) Windows Embedded Compact
12 3 (0.24%) Windows Server
12 3 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.16%) VxWorks
13 2 (0.16%) Windows 10
14 1 (0.080%) Debian
14 1 (0.080%) Solaris
14 1 (0.080%) ThreadX
14 1 (0.080%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,214 (96.96%) Software Engineering
2 466 (37.22%) Agile Software Development
3 157 (12.54%) DevOps
3 157 (12.54%) Microservices
4 153 (12.22%) UML
5 146 (11.66%) TDD
6 141 (11.26%) Scrum
7 126 (10.06%) Test Automation
8 121 (9.66%) Computer Science
9 117 (9.35%) Problem-Solving
10 103 (8.23%) Continuous Integration
11 91 (7.27%) OO
12 87 (6.95%) Configuration Management
13 74 (5.91%) Unit Testing
14 71 (5.67%) Mathematics
14 71 (5.67%) Multithreading
15 61 (4.87%) BDD
16 60 (4.79%) SDLC
17 57 (4.55%) Embedded Software Development
18 56 (4.47%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 495 (39.54%) C++
2 372 (29.71%) Java
3 314 (25.08%) C
4 278 (22.20%) Python
5 260 (20.77%) JavaScript
6 257 (20.53%) C#
7 176 (14.06%) SQL
8 109 (8.71%) Embedded C
9 76 (6.07%) Embedded C++
10 40 (3.19%) Bash Shell
10 40 (3.19%) Scala
11 38 (3.04%) Go
12 37 (2.96%) TypeScript
13 35 (2.80%) Java 8
13 35 (2.80%) MATLAB
14 33 (2.64%) PowerShell
15 31 (2.48%) Ada
16 25 (2.00%) PHP
16 25 (2.00%) Ruby
17 20 (1.60%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 193 (15.42%) Security Cleared
2 168 (13.42%) SC Cleared
3 126 (10.06%) Degree
4 39 (3.12%) Computer Science Degree
5 20 (1.60%) Master's Degree
6 12 (0.96%) BPSS Clearance
6 12 (0.96%) DV Cleared
7 11 (0.88%) PhD
8 5 (0.40%) Numerate Degree
9 3 (0.24%) AWS Certification
10 2 (0.16%) DBS Check
10 2 (0.16%) Sun Certification
11 1 (0.080%) Chartered Engineer
11 1 (0.080%) HND
11 1 (0.080%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (2.40%) QA
2 26 (2.08%) MISRA
3 22 (1.76%) DO-178B
4 18 (1.44%) MISRA C
5 6 (0.48%) IEC 61508
6 4 (0.32%) ISO 15022
6 4 (0.32%) ISO 20022
7 3 (0.24%) NCSC
8 2 (0.16%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.16%) Dublin Core
8 2 (0.16%) GDPR
8 2 (0.16%) IEC 62304
8 2 (0.16%) PSD2
9 1 (0.080%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.080%) DO-254
9 1 (0.080%) IFRS
9 1 (0.080%) ISO 26262
9 1 (0.080%) MIL-STD-498
9 1 (0.080%) OASIS TOSCA
System Software
1 194 (15.50%) Docker
2 24 (1.92%) Firmware
3 15 (1.20%) Active Directory
4 10 (0.80%) LXC
5 3 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.16%) HDFS
7 1 (0.080%) BusyBox
7 1 (0.080%) KVM
7 1 (0.080%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 103 (8.23%) Kubernetes
2 53 (4.23%) Terraform
3 35 (2.80%) Ansible
4 10 (0.80%) Puppet
5 9 (0.72%) Grafana
6 7 (0.56%) WMI
7 6 (0.48%) Opscode Chef
8 4 (0.32%) logstash
8 4 (0.32%) Mesos
9 3 (0.24%) Graphite
9 3 (0.24%) Kibana
9 3 (0.24%) Marathon
9 3 (0.24%) Packer
10 2 (0.16%) Forefront Identity Manager
10 2 (0.16%) Oozie
10 2 (0.16%) SCOrch
10 2 (0.16%) SELinux
11 1 (0.080%) CA Service Virtualization
11 1 (0.080%) Consul
11 1 (0.080%) Ionix
Vendors
1 82 (6.55%) Microsoft
2 61 (4.87%) Oracle
3 41 (3.27%) Google
4 25 (2.00%) Bloomberg
5 24 (1.92%) Atlassian
6 21 (1.68%) Reuters
7 20 (1.60%) Red Hat
8 17 (1.36%) IBM
9 14 (1.12%) Serena
10 10 (0.80%) Adobe
10 10 (0.80%) Cypress Semiconductor
11 9 (0.72%) SAP
11 9 (0.72%) Telerik
12 8 (0.64%) Databricks
12 8 (0.64%) MuleSoft
12 8 (0.64%) Sybase
13 6 (0.48%) Freescale
13 6 (0.48%) VMware
14 5 (0.40%) Borland
14 5 (0.40%) Green Hills