Period
to 14 October 2019

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £450 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 14 October 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
UK > England
6 months to
14 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 156 187 250
Rank change year-on-year +31 +63 +29
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 1,366 1,401 932
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.75% 1.50% 1.03%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.86% 1.58% 1.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 607 734 469
England median daily rate £450 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £323 £327 £318
90th Percentile £625 £629 £625
UK median daily rate £450 £475 £435
% change year-on-year -5.26% +9.20% +4.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 184 209 182
England median hourly rate £47.50 £45.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
10th Percentile £41.08 £36.25 £32.55
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.00 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £44.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +6.74% +4.71% +0.89%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 73,457 88,457 85,851
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.11% 94.72% 94.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 48,786 58,850 56,813
England median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £263 £275 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £440
% change year-on-year +2.78% +2.27% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,490 2,819 2,552
England median hourly rate £20.00 £18.12 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.41% -3.13% +1.08%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £10.75
90th Percentile £53.00 £48.75 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £17.99 £19.00
% change year-on-year +11.20% -5.34% +2.70%

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineer in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer in England over the 6 months to 14 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer in England over the 6 months to 14 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the England region over the 6 months to 14 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +35 485 £550 +4.76% 405
South West +35 292 £425 +30.77% 182
South East -3 254 £425 -5.56% 294
East of England +55 139 £400 -11.11% 225
North of England -4 117 £425 - 206
Midlands +46 78 £420 +4.35% 109
Yorkshire +6 56 £425 - 85
West Midlands +40 53 £400 -14.89% 76
North West -10 53 £425 -4.23% 104
East Midlands +23 23 £513 +46.43% 33
North East +19 8 £430 +7.50% 17
Software Engineer
UK

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 14 October 2019, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 1,327 (97.14%) Software Engineering
2 627 (45.90%) C++
3 540 (39.53%) Agile Software Development
4 437 (31.99%) Java
5 403 (29.50%) C
6 376 (27.53%) Python
7 351 (25.70%) C#
8 349 (25.55%) Linux
9 293 (21.45%) JavaScript
10 245 (17.94%) Security Cleared
11 234 (17.13%) AWS
12 231 (16.91%) Finance
13 213 (15.59%) .NET
14 206 (15.08%) DevOps
15 187 (13.69%) Web Services
16 181 (13.25%) SC Cleared
17 174 (12.74%) UML
18 170 (12.45%) Docker
19 168 (12.30%) Microservices
20 165 (12.08%) Node.js
21 160 (11.71%) TDD
22 159 (11.64%) React
23 158 (11.57%) Azure
23 158 (11.57%) OO
24 156 (11.42%) Embedded C
25 150 (10.98%) SQL
26 138 (10.10%) Test Automation
27 136 (9.96%) Continuous Integration
27 136 (9.96%) AngularJS
28 129 (9.44%) Git (software)

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (2.05%) Elasticsearch
2 20 (1.46%) Confluence
3 18 (1.32%) Apache
3 18 (1.32%) Apache Spark
4 11 (0.81%) JBoss
5 7 (0.51%) Tomcat
6 3 (0.22%) CMS
6 3 (0.22%) IIS
6 3 (0.22%) Jupyter
6 3 (0.22%) SharePoint
6 3 (0.22%) Sonic ESB
7 2 (0.15%) Drupal
7 2 (0.15%) OpenEdge
7 2 (0.15%) SAS
7 2 (0.15%) Umbraco
7 2 (0.15%) WebSphere
8 1 (0.073%) Mule
8 1 (0.073%) nginx
8 1 (0.073%) WebLogic
8 1 (0.073%) WordPress
Applications
1 27 (1.98%) Simulink
2 10 (0.73%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.51%) Adobe Illustrator
3 7 (0.51%) Inkscape
4 5 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
5 4 (0.29%) Windchill
6 3 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.15%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.073%) AutoCAD
8 1 (0.073%) InfoPath
8 1 (0.073%) PrintSoft PReS
Business Applications
1 12 (0.88%) FINCAD Analytics
1 12 (0.88%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 8 (0.59%) PolarLake
3 7 (0.51%) Eikon
4 6 (0.44%) Markit EDM
5 2 (0.15%) LabWindows
6 1 (0.073%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.073%) ION MarketView
6 1 (0.073%) Magento
6 1 (0.073%) osCommerce
Cloud Services
1 234 (17.13%) AWS
2 158 (11.57%) Azure
3 106 (7.76%) GitHub
4 80 (5.86%) Serverless
5 44 (3.22%) GCP
6 40 (2.93%) AWS Lambda
7 39 (2.86%) Amazon S3
8 28 (2.05%) Amazon EC2
9 21 (1.54%) AWS CloudFormation
10 19 (1.39%) Azure Functions
11 18 (1.32%) Amazon SQS
12 14 (1.02%) Amazon ECS
13 13 (0.95%) Cloud Computing
14 10 (0.73%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 10 (0.73%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 10 (0.73%) Azure Active Directory
15 9 (0.66%) Amazon Kinesis
16 8 (0.59%) Heroku
17 6 (0.44%) OpenShift
18 5 (0.37%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 38 (2.78%) TCP/IP
2 26 (1.90%) Wireshark
3 22 (1.61%) Ethernet
4 20 (1.46%) Internet
5 16 (1.17%) DNS
5 16 (1.17%) Wireless
6 15 (1.10%) Bluetooth
6 15 (1.10%) RS-232
6 15 (1.10%) RS-485
7 14 (1.02%) VoIP
8 13 (0.95%) Wi-Fi
9 11 (0.81%) IPv6
10 10 (0.73%) HTTP
11 8 (0.59%) 5G
11 8 (0.59%) DVB
12 7 (0.51%) Firewall
12 7 (0.51%) LTE
13 6 (0.44%) 4G
14 5 (0.37%) 3G
14 5 (0.37%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 96 (7.03%) SQL Server
2 66 (4.83%) NoSQL
3 63 (4.61%) Big Data
4 58 (4.25%) PostgreSQL
5 57 (4.17%) MySQL
5 57 (4.17%) Relational Database
6 55 (4.03%) MongoDB
7 42 (3.07%) Hadoop
8 38 (2.78%) RDBMS
9 35 (2.56%) Amazon RDS
10 33 (2.42%) Amazon Aurora
11 23 (1.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 23 (1.68%) Amazon Redshift
12 19 (1.39%) Amazon Athena
13 16 (1.17%) Cosmos DB
14 14 (1.02%) Redis
15 13 (0.95%) Apache Cassandra
16 11 (0.81%) KDB
17 10 (0.73%) Data Lake
18 7 (0.51%) DB2
Development Applications
1 129 (9.44%) Git (software)
2 90 (6.59%) Rational Rhapsody
3 84 (6.15%) Jenkins
4 68 (4.98%) JIRA
5 62 (4.54%) Rational DOORS
6 56 (4.10%) Visual Studio
7 44 (3.22%) Subversion
8 40 (2.93%) Selenium
9 37 (2.71%) Cucumber
10 35 (2.56%) Visual Studio Team System
11 23 (1.68%) GDB
11 23 (1.68%) Maven
12 18 (1.32%) NUnit
13 17 (1.24%) NetBeans
13 17 (1.24%) SonarQube
13 17 (1.24%) SpecFlow
13 17 (1.24%) TeamCity
14 16 (1.17%) Eclipse
15 15 (1.10%) Jasmine
15 15 (1.10%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 231 (16.91%) Finance
2 101 (7.39%) Front Office
3 62 (4.54%) Law
4 51 (3.73%) Electronics
5 40 (2.93%) Banking
6 37 (2.71%) Military
7 33 (2.42%) Telecoms
8 30 (2.20%) Aerospace
8 30 (2.20%) Manufacturing
9 18 (1.32%) Avionics
10 16 (1.17%) Public Sector
11 15 (1.10%) Marketing
11 15 (1.10%) Retail
12 14 (1.02%) Advertising
12 14 (1.02%) Games
13 12 (0.88%) Automotive
13 12 (0.88%) Investment Banking
14 9 (0.66%) Financial Institution
15 6 (0.44%) Legal
15 6 (0.44%) Publishing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 213 (15.59%) .NET
2 187 (13.69%) Web Services
3 165 (12.08%) Node.js
4 159 (11.64%) React
5 136 (9.96%) AngularJS
6 73 (5.34%) HTML
7 70 (5.12%) Spring
8 68 (4.98%) J2EE
9 67 (4.90%) CSS
10 54 (3.95%) .NET Core
11 49 (3.59%) ASP.NET
12 47 (3.44%) REST
13 46 (3.37%) RESTful
14 35 (2.56%) ASP.NET Web API
15 34 (2.49%) jQuery
16 32 (2.34%) OAuth
17 31 (2.27%) J2SE
18 30 (2.20%) Redux
19 28 (2.05%) HTML5
19 28 (2.05%) Qt
Miscellaneous
1 86 (6.30%) Fixed Income
2 80 (5.86%) Derivative
3 62 (4.54%) Analytical Skills
4 53 (3.88%) Embedded Systems
4 53 (3.88%) Greenfield Project
5 47 (3.44%) Algorithms
6 39 (2.86%) User Experience
7 30 (2.20%) Self-Motivation
8 22 (1.61%) Pricing Data
9 20 (1.46%) Data Structures
9 20 (1.46%) Device Driver
9 20 (1.46%) Linux Command Line
10 18 (1.32%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 18 (1.32%) Public Cloud
11 16 (1.17%) Enterprise Software
11 16 (1.17%) Mobile App
12 15 (1.10%) Life Science
13 13 (0.95%) Equities
13 13 (0.95%) Hedge funds
13 13 (0.95%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 349 (25.55%) Linux
2 96 (7.03%) Windows
3 73 (5.34%) Unix
4 57 (4.17%) Embedded Linux
5 44 (3.22%) FreeRTOS
6 41 (3.00%) Android
7 29 (2.12%) ThreadX
8 25 (1.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 17 (1.24%) Ubuntu
10 12 (0.88%) CentOS
11 11 (0.81%) Apple iOS
12 10 (0.73%) Windows Server
13 9 (0.66%) Debian
14 7 (0.51%) VxWorks
15 5 (0.37%) Windows 10
15 5 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
16 4 (0.29%) Windows Server 2008
17 3 (0.22%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
18 2 (0.15%) Mac OS X
18 2 (0.15%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,327 (97.14%) Software Engineering
2 540 (39.53%) Agile Software Development
3 206 (15.08%) DevOps
4 174 (12.74%) UML
5 168 (12.30%) Microservices
6 160 (11.71%) TDD
7 158 (11.57%) OO
8 138 (10.10%) Test Automation
9 136 (9.96%) Continuous Integration
10 124 (9.08%) Scrum
11 118 (8.64%) Asset Management
12 112 (8.20%) Computer Science
13 103 (7.54%) Problem-Solving
14 80 (5.86%) Configuration Management
15 76 (5.56%) Mentoring
16 75 (5.49%) SDLC
17 69 (5.05%) Mathematics
18 67 (4.90%) BDD
18 67 (4.90%) Front End Development
19 66 (4.83%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 627 (45.90%) C++
2 437 (31.99%) Java
3 403 (29.50%) C
4 376 (27.53%) Python
5 351 (25.70%) C#
6 293 (21.45%) JavaScript
7 156 (11.42%) Embedded C
8 150 (10.98%) SQL
9 110 (8.05%) Embedded C++
10 46 (3.37%) Go
10 46 (3.37%) TypeScript
11 41 (3.00%) R
12 38 (2.78%) Ruby
13 34 (2.49%) Bash Shell
14 32 (2.34%) PowerShell
15 31 (2.27%) Java 8
16 30 (2.20%) PHP
17 29 (2.12%) Shell Script
18 26 (1.90%) MATLAB
19 23 (1.68%) Scala
Qualifications
1 245 (17.94%) Security Cleared
2 181 (13.25%) SC Cleared
3 111 (8.13%) Degree
4 69 (5.05%) DV Cleared
5 32 (2.34%) Computer Science Degree
6 10 (0.73%) Master's Degree
7 9 (0.66%) BPSS Clearance
8 7 (0.51%) Numerate Degree
8 7 (0.51%) PhD
9 2 (0.15%) ISTQB
9 2 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
10 1 (0.073%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.073%) CCNA
10 1 (0.073%) CCNP
10 1 (0.073%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.073%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (3.00%) QA
2 33 (2.42%) MISRA
3 14 (1.02%) DO-178B
4 13 (0.95%) MISRA C
5 6 (0.44%) IEC 61508
5 6 (0.44%) ISO 26262
6 5 (0.37%) IEC 62304
7 3 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.15%) PSD2
9 1 (0.073%) Dublin Core
9 1 (0.073%) GDPR
9 1 (0.073%) IEC 61131
9 1 (0.073%) ISO 9000
9 1 (0.073%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.073%) TickIT
System Software
1 170 (12.45%) Docker
2 26 (1.90%) Firmware
3 18 (1.32%) Active Directory
4 6 (0.44%) LXC
5 5 (0.37%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 5 (0.37%) HDFS
6 3 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.15%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.15%) VirtualBox
7 2 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
8 1 (0.073%) BusyBox
8 1 (0.073%) DFS Replication
8 1 (0.073%) Microsoft App-V
8 1 (0.073%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.073%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.073%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 87 (6.37%) Kubernetes
2 53 (3.88%) Ansible
3 41 (3.00%) Terraform
4 10 (0.73%) Grafana
5 8 (0.59%) Puppet
6 7 (0.51%) WMI
7 4 (0.29%) Graphite
8 3 (0.22%) Oozie
8 3 (0.22%) Prometheus
8 3 (0.22%) Rancher
8 3 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
9 2 (0.15%) Docker Swarm
9 2 (0.15%) Forefront Identity Manager
9 2 (0.15%) Opscode Chef
9 2 (0.15%) SCCM
9 2 (0.15%) SCOM
9 2 (0.15%) SCOrch
9 2 (0.15%) SELinux
10 1 (0.073%) Kibana
10 1 (0.073%) SCSM
Vendors
1 81 (5.93%) Oracle
2 71 (5.20%) Microsoft
3 67 (4.90%) Bloomberg
4 56 (4.10%) Google
5 49 (3.59%) Reuters
6 26 (1.90%) Sybase
7 18 (1.32%) Apple
8 17 (1.24%) Atlassian
9 15 (1.10%) Red Hat
10 13 (0.95%) Cypress Semiconductor
11 12 (0.88%) SAP
11 12 (0.88%) Sparx
12 10 (0.73%) Facebook
13 9 (0.66%) MuleSoft
13 9 (0.66%) Serena
13 9 (0.66%) Splunk
14 8 (0.59%) Adobe
14 8 (0.59%) Twitter
15 7 (0.51%) Cloudera
15 7 (0.51%) YouTube