Period
to

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £600 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 21 May 2022.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
UK > England
6 months to
21 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 118 120 157
Rank change year-on-year +2 +37 +53
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 1,551 994 746
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.19% 2.14% 1.72%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.34% 2.31% 1.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,041 631 472
10th Percentile £425 £363 £360
25th Percentile £500 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £500 £508
Median % change year-on-year +20.00% -1.48% +12.78%
75th Percentile £700 £613 £613
90th Percentile £750 £700 £663
UK median daily rate £600 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +20.00% - +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 133 76 87
10th Percentile £44.14 £35.63 £38.56
25th Percentile £48.50 £41.25 £44.21
Median hourly rate £57.50 £45.50 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +26.37% -4.21% +5.56%
75th Percentile £65.00 £52.50 £50.00
90th Percentile £65.65 £55.00 £53.47
UK median hourly rate £57.50 £45.50 £47.50
% change year-on-year +26.37% -4.21% +5.56%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 66,181 43,120 40,728
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.26% 92.78% 93.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 47,213 29,818 27,418
10th Percentile £313 £288 £250
25th Percentile £425 £388 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £490 £475
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% +3.16% -
75th Percentile £640 £588 £575
90th Percentile £743 £675 £663
UK median daily rate £525 £480 £466
% change year-on-year +9.38% +3.00% -1.37%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,821 1,458 1,447
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.40 £11.63
25th Percentile £15.50 £14.29 £14.00
Median hourly rate £22.50 £21.50 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year +4.65% +13.16% +2.70%
75th Percentile £49.25 £43.75 £38.19
90th Percentile £64.75 £56.50 £51.75
UK median hourly rate £23.91 £22.38 £19.00
% change year-on-year +6.86% +17.76% +5.56%

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer in England.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineer in England over the 6 months to 21 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineer in England over the 6 months to 21 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the England region over the 6 months to 21 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +16 853 £600 +9.09% 424
South West -6 166 £600 +26.32% 105
North of England -3 125 £450 +7.46% 189
East of England +9 115 £517 +39.73% 146
South East -24 108 £563 +20.97% 179
North West -4 85 £463 +8.82% 128
Midlands -41 65 £495 +27.74% 112
West Midlands -49 55 £495 +23.75% 67
Yorkshire -19 32 £450 +26.76% 40
East Midlands -26 10 £500 +37.93% 45
North East -4 9 £550 +51.93% 21
Software Engineer
UK

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 21 May 2022, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 1,499 (96.65%) Software Engineering
2 775 (49.97%) Agile
3 615 (39.65%) Java
4 598 (38.56%) AWS
5 512 (33.01%) JavaScript
6 483 (31.14%) React
7 480 (30.95%) Python
8 418 (26.95%) Finance
9 396 (25.53%) Microservices
10 360 (23.21%) Azure
11 357 (23.02%) C#
12 325 (20.95%) SQL
13 315 (20.31%) CI/CD
14 292 (18.83%) .NET
15 291 (18.76%) Investment Management
16 283 (18.25%) DevOps
16 283 (18.25%) Asset Management
17 274 (17.67%) Security Cleared
18 271 (17.47%) Full Stack Development
19 266 (17.15%) TypeScript
20 264 (17.02%) Front Office
21 239 (15.41%) Analytics
22 227 (14.64%) C++
23 225 (14.51%) SC Cleared
24 224 (14.44%) Docker
25 223 (14.38%) Hedge funds
26 222 (14.31%) Linux
27 220 (14.18%) GCP
28 217 (13.99%) Equities
29 211 (13.60%) Git (software)

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 93 (6.00%) Confluence
2 64 (4.13%) Apache
3 31 (2.00%) Elasticsearch
4 25 (1.61%) Apache Spark
5 23 (1.48%) SAS
6 20 (1.29%) WebLogic
7 19 (1.23%) Apache Airflow
8 10 (0.64%) SharePoint
9 8 (0.52%) Tomcat
10 7 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
11 6 (0.39%) Ethereum
11 6 (0.39%) Oracle Service Bus
12 4 (0.26%) nginx
12 4 (0.26%) Oracle Coherence
13 3 (0.19%) Apache Solr
13 3 (0.19%) CMS
13 3 (0.19%) Mule
14 2 (0.13%) BizTalk Server
14 2 (0.13%) IBM Notes
14 2 (0.13%) JBoss
Applications
1 20 (1.29%) Simulink
2 15 (0.97%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
5 3 (0.19%) Sketch
6 2 (0.13%) Adobe XD
6 2 (0.13%) Stateflow
7 1 (0.064%) 3ds Max
7 1 (0.064%) InVision
7 1 (0.064%) Maya
7 1 (0.064%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 14 (0.90%) assyst
2 10 (0.64%) SAP Hybris
3 4 (0.26%) Siebel CRM
4 2 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.13%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 1 (0.064%) Bloomberg AIM
5 1 (0.064%) Eikon
5 1 (0.064%) LabWindows
5 1 (0.064%) Primavera
5 1 (0.064%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.064%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.064%) SAP EWM
5 1 (0.064%) SAP SD
5 1 (0.064%) Sentinel
5 1 (0.064%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.064%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 598 (38.56%) AWS
2 360 (23.21%) Azure
3 220 (14.18%) GCP
4 174 (11.22%) Serverless
5 136 (8.77%) AWS Lambda
6 66 (4.26%) GitHub
7 51 (3.29%) AWS CloudFormation
8 44 (2.84%) Amazon S3
9 35 (2.26%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 35 (2.26%) Amazon Kinesis
10 31 (2.00%) Amazon EC2
11 28 (1.81%) Amazon Cognito
12 27 (1.74%) OpenShift
13 18 (1.16%) Azure Functions
14 16 (1.03%) Azure Service Bus
15 15 (0.97%) Power Platform
16 13 (0.84%) AWS CloudTrail
16 13 (0.84%) GitHub Actions
16 13 (0.84%) npm
16 13 (0.84%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 35 (2.26%) Ethernet
1 35 (2.26%) TCP/IP
2 22 (1.42%) HTTP
3 17 (1.10%) DNS
4 12 (0.77%) Wireless
5 11 (0.71%) DHCP
6 10 (0.64%) HTTPS
7 9 (0.58%) Wi-Fi
8 8 (0.52%) Firewall
9 7 (0.45%) Internet
10 6 (0.39%) 5G
11 5 (0.32%) 3GPP
11 5 (0.32%) Bluetooth
11 5 (0.32%) FTP
11 5 (0.32%) Radio Access Network
11 5 (0.32%) VPN
11 5 (0.32%) ZigBee
12 4 (0.26%) IPv4
12 4 (0.26%) IPv6
12 4 (0.26%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 97 (6.25%) PostgreSQL
2 72 (4.64%) MongoDB
3 69 (4.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 63 (4.06%) SQL Server
5 58 (3.74%) NoSQL
6 55 (3.55%) Big Data
7 44 (2.84%) MySQL
8 41 (2.64%) Pentaho
9 38 (2.45%) Hadoop
10 34 (2.19%) Relational Database
11 30 (1.93%) Oracle Database
12 28 (1.81%) Data Warehouse
13 27 (1.74%) Apache Hive
14 25 (1.61%) Impala
14 25 (1.61%) Redis
15 20 (1.29%) Apache Ignite
16 18 (1.16%) HBase
17 14 (0.90%) GIS
17 14 (0.90%) Power BI
18 12 (0.77%) Geospatial Data
Development Applications
1 211 (13.60%) Git (software)
2 154 (9.93%) JIRA
3 116 (7.48%) Jenkins
4 58 (3.74%) Maven
5 54 (3.48%) GitLab
6 51 (3.29%) Visual Studio
7 47 (3.03%) Bitbucket
8 43 (2.77%) Eclipse
9 33 (2.13%) Cypress.io
10 25 (1.61%) TeamCity
11 22 (1.42%) Artifactory
11 22 (1.42%) Selenium
12 21 (1.35%) Postman
13 18 (1.16%) Subversion
14 17 (1.10%) SpecFlow
15 16 (1.03%) JUnit
16 14 (0.90%) CA Gen
16 14 (0.90%) Rational DOORS
17 12 (0.77%) Gradle
17 12 (0.77%) SoapUI
General
1 418 (26.95%) Finance
2 264 (17.02%) Front Office
3 198 (12.77%) Social Skills
4 79 (5.09%) Analytical Skills
5 68 (4.38%) Public Sector
6 59 (3.80%) Banking
7 37 (2.39%) Retail
8 33 (2.13%) Electronics
8 33 (2.13%) Presentation Skills
9 20 (1.29%) Aerospace
10 15 (0.97%) Investment Banking
11 14 (0.90%) Financial Institution
11 14 (0.90%) Publishing
12 12 (0.77%) Pharmaceutical
13 11 (0.71%) Automotive
13 11 (0.71%) Organisational Skills
14 10 (0.64%) Influencing Skills
15 9 (0.58%) Games
15 9 (0.58%) Legal
15 9 (0.58%) Marketing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 483 (31.14%) React
2 292 (18.83%) .NET
3 197 (12.70%) Node.js
4 178 (11.48%) Kafka
5 132 (8.51%) Spring
6 128 (8.25%) .NET Core
7 124 (7.99%) AngularJS
8 121 (7.80%) Spring Boot
9 97 (6.25%) Pandas
9 97 (6.25%) REST
10 90 (5.80%) NumPy
10 90 (5.80%) SciPy
11 86 (5.54%) GraphQL
12 85 (5.48%) gRPC
12 85 (5.48%) HTML
13 82 (5.29%) CSS
14 80 (5.16%) RESTful
15 78 (5.03%) Vue.js
16 68 (4.38%) ASP.NET
17 64 (4.13%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 223 (14.38%) Hedge funds
2 217 (13.99%) Equities
3 205 (13.22%) Derivative
4 149 (9.61%) Fixed Income
5 147 (9.48%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 103 (6.64%) Greenfield Project
7 58 (3.74%) Algorithms
8 57 (3.68%) Cloud Native
9 54 (3.48%) User Experience
10 35 (2.26%) Data Structures
10 35 (2.26%) Mobile App
11 29 (1.87%) Self-Motivation
12 17 (1.10%) Blockchain
13 16 (1.03%) Data Protection Act
13 16 (1.03%) Public Cloud
14 15 (0.97%) iPad
15 13 (0.84%) Exotic Derivative
15 13 (0.84%) IoT
16 11 (0.71%) Client/Server
16 11 (0.71%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 222 (14.31%) Linux
2 104 (6.71%) Windows
3 89 (5.74%) Unix
4 41 (2.64%) Android
5 21 (1.35%) Apple iOS
6 12 (0.77%) Embedded Linux
7 7 (0.45%) Solaris
8 6 (0.39%) VxWorks
9 2 (0.13%) RTLinux
10 1 (0.064%) CentOS
10 1 (0.064%) MVS
10 1 (0.064%) Robot Operating System
10 1 (0.064%) Tizen
10 1 (0.064%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.064%) VMS
10 1 (0.064%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.064%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,499 (96.65%) Software Engineering
2 775 (49.97%) Agile
3 396 (25.53%) Microservices
4 315 (20.31%) CI/CD
5 291 (18.76%) Investment Management
6 283 (18.25%) Asset Management
6 283 (18.25%) DevOps
7 271 (17.47%) Full Stack Development
8 239 (15.41%) Analytics
9 189 (12.19%) TDD
10 157 (10.12%) Test Automation
11 146 (9.41%) Scrum
12 131 (8.45%) Visualisation
13 127 (8.19%) Continuous Integration
14 121 (7.80%) Problem-Solving
15 111 (7.16%) Software Testing
16 100 (6.45%) Unit Testing
17 98 (6.32%) OO
18 95 (6.13%) SDLC
19 93 (6.00%) Data Analytics
Programming Languages
1 615 (39.65%) Java
2 512 (33.01%) JavaScript
3 480 (30.95%) Python
4 357 (23.02%) C#
5 325 (20.95%) SQL
6 266 (17.15%) TypeScript
7 227 (14.64%) C++
8 109 (7.03%) C
9 72 (4.64%) Go
10 71 (4.58%) PL/SQL
11 55 (3.55%) Shell Script
12 54 (3.48%) Scala
13 47 (3.03%) Perl
14 40 (2.58%) VB.NET
15 37 (2.39%) Ruby
16 30 (1.93%) PHP
17 28 (1.81%) Bash
17 28 (1.81%) MATLAB
18 27 (1.74%) Ada
19 22 (1.42%) VBA
Qualifications
1 274 (17.67%) Security Cleared
2 225 (14.51%) SC Cleared
3 96 (6.19%) Degree
4 56 (3.61%) DV Cleared
5 49 (3.16%) Computer Science Degree
6 10 (0.64%) BPSS Clearance
7 8 (0.52%) PhD
8 6 (0.39%) Master's Degree
9 4 (0.26%) Chartered Engineer
9 4 (0.26%) OCP
9 4 (0.26%) Oracle Certification
10 3 (0.19%) CCNA
10 3 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
11 2 (0.13%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.13%) MBA
12 1 (0.064%) AWS Certification
12 1 (0.064%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 89 (5.74%) QA
2 11 (0.71%) IEC 61508
3 10 (0.64%) Data Quality
4 8 (0.52%) SLA
5 7 (0.45%) Def Stans
5 7 (0.45%) MISRA
5 7 (0.45%) MISRA C
6 6 (0.39%) Accessibility
7 4 (0.26%) EMIR
7 4 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 12207
7 4 (0.26%) MiFID
8 3 (0.19%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.13%) GDPR
9 2 (0.13%) MIL-STD-1553
10 1 (0.064%) AUTOSAR
10 1 (0.064%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.064%) DO-178B
10 1 (0.064%) IEC 62304
10 1 (0.064%) ISO 14001
10 1 (0.064%) ISO 26262
System Software
1 224 (14.44%) Docker
2 26 (1.68%) HDFS
3 5 (0.32%) Firmware
3 5 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (0.26%) GridGain
4 4 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
5 3 (0.19%) iptables
5 3 (0.19%) KVM
5 3 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.19%) Xen
6 2 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
6 2 (0.13%) vSphere
7 1 (0.064%) Active Directory
7 1 (0.064%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.064%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 211 (13.60%) Kubernetes
2 116 (7.48%) Terraform
3 40 (2.58%) Ansible
4 21 (1.35%) Grafana
5 18 (1.16%) Puppet
6 14 (0.90%) Prometheus
7 10 (0.64%) Kibana
8 8 (0.52%) logstash
9 7 (0.45%) Opscode Chef
10 4 (0.26%) Consul
10 4 (0.26%) Data Guard
10 4 (0.26%) Istio
10 4 (0.26%) Oracle RMAN
10 4 (0.26%) Salt
11 3 (0.19%) AirWatch
12 2 (0.13%) HAProxy
12 2 (0.13%) Nagios
12 2 (0.13%) Packer
12 2 (0.13%) vCenter Server
12 2 (0.13%) vRealize
Vendors
1 106 (6.83%) Microsoft
1 106 (6.83%) Oracle
2 34 (2.19%) Google
3 27 (1.74%) Cloudera
4 25 (1.61%) Informatica
5 21 (1.35%) Atlassian
6 18 (1.16%) Talend
7 16 (1.03%) Red Hat
8 15 (0.97%) webMethods
9 14 (0.90%) BEA
9 14 (0.90%) Pega
9 14 (0.90%) Splunk
10 13 (0.84%) Confluent
10 13 (0.84%) SAP
11 12 (0.77%) Charles River
12 10 (0.64%) hybris
13 9 (0.58%) Salesforce.com
14 8 (0.52%) Alteryx
14 8 (0.52%) IBM
15 6 (0.39%) Sun