Period
to 7 May 2021

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £510 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 7 May 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
UK > England
6 months to
7 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 115 152 213
Rank change year-on-year +37 +61 +23
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 986 794 1,189
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.21% 1.69% 1.41%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.38% 1.80% 1.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 627 500 614
10th Percentile £363 £360 £325
25th Percentile £425 £425 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £510 £500 £450
Median % change year-on-year +2.00% +11.11% -
75th Percentile £613 £600 £538
90th Percentile £700 £651 £600
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £450
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 83 91 184
10th Percentile £36.25 £38.76 £36.33
25th Percentile £41.25 £44.00 £41.25
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
75th Percentile £49.74 £50.00 £48.75
90th Percentile £54.50 £53.28 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 41,452 43,999 79,809
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.74% 93.88% 94.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 28,650 29,560 54,174
10th Percentile £281 £245 £277
25th Percentile £381 £363 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £485 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.11% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £656 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £470
% change year-on-year +2.70% -1.60% +4.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,444 1,593 2,318
10th Percentile £11.40 £11.63 £11.00
25th Percentile £14.50 £14.14 £13.25
Median hourly rate £21.68 £18.90 £18.50
Median % change year-on-year +14.71% +2.16% +5.71%
75th Percentile £44.50 £37.50 £40.25
90th Percentile £56.50 £51.75 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £19.00 £18.00
% change year-on-year +18.42% +5.56% +2.86%

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer in England.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineer in England over the 6 months to 7 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineer in England over the 6 months to 7 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the England region over the 6 months to 7 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +36 501 £550 - 385
South West +21 138 £498 +10.71% 123
South East +49 94 £458 -3.68% 189
North of England +36 75 £419 -11.84% 204
East of England +22 61 £340 -15.00% 133
Midlands +41 58 £375 -13.29% 115
North West +31 50 £425 +3.66% 119
West Midlands +18 46 £388 -9.94% 68
Yorkshire +16 18 £355 -25.26% 65
East Midlands +21 12 £369 -37.23% 46
North East +31 7 £362 -8.06% 20
Software Engineer
UK

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 7 May 2021, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 970 (98.38%) Software Engineering
2 457 (46.35%) Agile Software Development
3 329 (33.37%) Java
4 294 (29.82%) AWS
5 287 (29.11%) Python
6 266 (26.98%) JavaScript
7 245 (24.85%) .NET
8 232 (23.53%) Security Cleared
9 207 (20.99%) C#
9 207 (20.99%) React
10 202 (20.49%) Finance
11 196 (19.88%) SC Cleared
12 191 (19.37%) Serverless
13 190 (19.27%) Web Services
14 184 (18.66%) Azure
15 174 (17.65%) Microservices
15 174 (17.65%) C++
16 172 (17.44%) SQL
17 145 (14.71%) Linux
18 134 (13.59%) C
19 131 (13.29%) Asset Management
20 129 (13.08%) AngularJS
21 127 (12.88%) Scrum
21 127 (12.88%) Social Skills
22 119 (12.07%) Docker
23 116 (11.76%) GCP
24 114 (11.56%) TDD
25 105 (10.65%) DevOps
26 102 (10.34%) Git (software)
27 97 (9.84%) Node.js

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 76 (7.71%) Apache
2 31 (3.14%) Apache Spark
3 24 (2.43%) WebLogic
4 23 (2.33%) Confluence
5 19 (1.93%) Elasticsearch
6 10 (1.01%) SAS
7 8 (0.81%) Apache Airflow
8 6 (0.61%) OpenStack
9 4 (0.41%) BizTalk Server
9 4 (0.41%) Tomcat
10 3 (0.30%) CMS
10 3 (0.30%) JBoss
11 2 (0.20%) Cloud Foundry
11 2 (0.20%) IIS
12 1 (0.10%) Camunda
12 1 (0.10%) CICS
12 1 (0.10%) NServiceBus
12 1 (0.10%) SharePoint
12 1 (0.10%) Tuxedo
12 1 (0.10%) WebSphere
Applications
1 16 (1.62%) Simulink
2 4 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.20%) Figma
3 2 (0.20%) Gephi
3 2 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.10%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.10%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.10%) Sketch
4 1 (0.10%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 5 (0.51%) Oracle Retail
2 1 (0.10%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.10%) Front Arena
2 1 (0.10%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
2 1 (0.10%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 294 (29.82%) AWS
2 191 (19.37%) Serverless
3 184 (18.66%) Azure
4 116 (11.76%) GCP
5 62 (6.29%) AWS Lambda
6 41 (4.16%) Amazon S3
7 29 (2.94%) Amazon EC2
8 18 (1.83%) PaaS
9 16 (1.62%) GitHub
10 14 (1.42%) IaaS
10 14 (1.42%) Power Platform
10 14 (1.42%) SaaS
11 11 (1.12%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 10 (1.01%) AWS CloudFormation
12 10 (1.01%) OpenShift
13 9 (0.91%) Cloud Computing
14 8 (0.81%) Azure Functions
14 8 (0.81%) Azure Service Bus
15 7 (0.71%) Azure Logic Apps
15 7 (0.71%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 16 (1.62%) TCP/IP
2 13 (1.32%) Modbus
2 13 (1.32%) RS-485
2 13 (1.32%) Wi-Fi
3 11 (1.12%) Broadband
4 10 (1.01%) DECT
4 10 (1.01%) Ethernet
4 10 (1.01%) HTTP
4 10 (1.01%) RS-422
5 9 (0.91%) SNMP
6 8 (0.81%) Internet
6 8 (0.81%) IPv6
6 8 (0.81%) Multicast
7 7 (0.71%) UPnP
7 7 (0.71%) Wireless
8 6 (0.61%) IPv4
8 6 (0.61%) PPP
9 5 (0.51%) Unified Communications
9 5 (0.51%) ZigBee
10 4 (0.41%) DNS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 55 (5.58%) Amazon DynamoDB
1 55 (5.58%) Big Data
2 46 (4.67%) PostgreSQL
3 30 (3.04%) Relational Database
4 26 (2.64%) MongoDB
5 25 (2.54%) MySQL
6 24 (2.43%) SQL Server
7 20 (2.03%) Hadoop
8 19 (1.93%) Apache Ignite
8 19 (1.93%) NoSQL
9 12 (1.22%) Amazon Aurora
9 12 (1.22%) Azure SQL Database
9 12 (1.22%) Pentaho
10 11 (1.12%) Apache Hive
11 10 (1.01%) Oracle Database
12 9 (0.91%) Power BI
12 9 (0.91%) Redis
13 8 (0.81%) Oracle BI EE
14 6 (0.61%) Neo4j
14 6 (0.61%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 102 (10.34%) Git (software)
2 57 (5.78%) Jenkins
3 56 (5.68%) JIRA
4 33 (3.35%) Rational Rhapsody
5 29 (2.94%) CA Gen
6 24 (2.43%) GitLab
7 22 (2.23%) Rational DOORS
7 22 (2.23%) Visual Studio
8 18 (1.83%) Cucumber
8 18 (1.83%) NetBeans
9 16 (1.62%) Bitbucket
9 16 (1.62%) JUnit
10 14 (1.42%) GDB
10 14 (1.42%) TeamCity
10 14 (1.42%) webpack
11 13 (1.32%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 12 (1.22%) Maven
13 11 (1.12%) Selenium
14 10 (1.01%) Rational Team Concert
15 9 (0.91%) Mockito
General
1 202 (20.49%) Finance
2 127 (12.88%) Social Skills
3 58 (5.88%) Front Office
4 55 (5.58%) Public Sector
5 44 (4.46%) Law
6 35 (3.55%) Banking
7 34 (3.45%) Aerospace
8 30 (3.04%) Telecoms
9 23 (2.33%) Electronics
10 20 (2.03%) Analytical Skills
11 16 (1.62%) Retail
12 14 (1.42%) Games
13 12 (1.22%) Automotive
14 9 (0.91%) Pharmaceutical
15 7 (0.71%) Investment Banking
16 6 (0.61%) Military
17 5 (0.51%) Marketing
18 4 (0.41%) Avionics
18 4 (0.41%) Influencing Skills
18 4 (0.41%) Manufacturing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 245 (24.85%) .NET
2 207 (20.99%) React
3 190 (19.27%) Web Services
4 129 (13.08%) AngularJS
5 97 (9.84%) Node.js
6 87 (8.82%) Kafka
7 82 (8.32%) React Native
8 69 (7.00%) .NET Core
9 66 (6.69%) Spring
10 53 (5.38%) Vue.js
11 43 (4.36%) REST
12 42 (4.26%) Apache NiFi
13 38 (3.85%) HTML
14 37 (3.75%) CSS
14 37 (3.75%) Spring Boot
15 36 (3.65%) J2EE
16 33 (3.35%) RESTful
17 25 (2.54%) ASP.NET
18 23 (2.33%) XML
19 22 (2.23%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 55 (5.58%) Derivative
1 55 (5.58%) Equities
1 55 (5.58%) Fixed Income
1 55 (5.58%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 43 (4.36%) Blog
3 30 (3.04%) Self-Motivation
4 29 (2.94%) Greenfield Project
5 28 (2.84%) Cloud Native
5 28 (2.84%) User Experience
6 27 (2.74%) Embedded Systems
7 24 (2.43%) Hedge funds
8 17 (1.72%) Algorithms
9 12 (1.22%) Data Structures
10 11 (1.12%) Public Cloud
11 8 (0.81%) Enterprise Software
11 8 (0.81%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
11 8 (0.81%) Mobile App
12 7 (0.71%) Biotechnology
12 7 (0.71%) VHDL
13 6 (0.61%) Device Driver
Operating Systems
1 145 (14.71%) Linux
2 59 (5.98%) Unix
3 38 (3.85%) Windows
4 24 (2.43%) Embedded Linux
5 23 (2.33%) Android
6 14 (1.42%) OpenWrt
7 12 (1.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 11 (1.12%) Apple iOS
9 10 (1.01%) AIX
10 7 (0.71%) FreeRTOS
11 6 (0.61%) CentOS
11 6 (0.61%) Ubuntu
11 6 (0.61%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.30%) ThreadX
12 3 (0.30%) VxWorks
13 2 (0.20%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.20%) Windows Server
14 1 (0.10%) Alpine Linux
14 1 (0.10%) Robot Operating System
14 1 (0.10%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 970 (98.38%) Software Engineering
2 457 (46.35%) Agile Software Development
3 174 (17.65%) Microservices
4 131 (13.29%) Asset Management
5 127 (12.88%) Scrum
6 114 (11.56%) TDD
7 105 (10.65%) DevOps
8 86 (8.72%) Software Testing
9 82 (8.32%) Open Source
10 80 (8.11%) Web Application Development
11 79 (8.01%) SDLC
12 78 (7.91%) Test Automation
13 77 (7.81%) OO
14 76 (7.71%) Progressive Web App
15 74 (7.51%) Problem-Solving
16 62 (6.29%) UML
17 58 (5.88%) Configuration Management
18 54 (5.48%) Integration Testing
19 51 (5.17%) Business Intelligence
19 51 (5.17%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 329 (33.37%) Java
2 287 (29.11%) Python
3 266 (26.98%) JavaScript
4 207 (20.99%) C#
5 174 (17.65%) C++
6 172 (17.44%) SQL
7 134 (13.59%) C
8 69 (7.00%) Kotlin
9 64 (6.49%) TypeScript
10 63 (6.39%) Go
10 63 (6.39%) Scala
11 50 (5.07%) Shell Script
12 44 (4.46%) PL/SQL
13 42 (4.26%) Ada
14 31 (3.14%) Embedded C
15 28 (2.84%) Bash Shell
16 24 (2.43%) COBOL
16 24 (2.43%) Perl
16 24 (2.43%) Ruby
17 19 (1.93%) Embedded C++
Qualifications
1 232 (23.53%) Security Cleared
2 196 (19.88%) SC Cleared
3 57 (5.78%) DV Cleared
4 51 (5.17%) Degree
5 13 (1.32%) Computer Science Degree
6 5 (0.51%) PhD
6 5 (0.51%) VCAP
6 5 (0.51%) VCDX
6 5 (0.51%) VCP6
6 5 (0.51%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
7 4 (0.41%) Master's Degree
8 3 (0.30%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (0.30%) Chartered Engineer
9 2 (0.20%) BC Cleared
9 2 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
10 1 (0.10%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.10%) HNC
10 1 (0.10%) ISEB
10 1 (0.10%) ISTQB
10 1 (0.10%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (2.23%) QA
2 17 (1.72%) DO-178B
3 8 (0.81%) JTAG
4 5 (0.51%) MISRA
5 4 (0.41%) MiFID
6 3 (0.30%) IEC 61508
7 2 (0.20%) GRC
7 2 (0.20%) OASIS TOSCA
7 2 (0.20%) WCAG
8 1 (0.10%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.10%) GDPR
8 1 (0.10%) MISRA C
8 1 (0.10%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 119 (12.07%) Docker
2 10 (1.01%) Firmware
3 6 (0.61%) HDFS
4 5 (0.51%) Virtual Desktop
4 5 (0.51%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.51%) vSphere
5 4 (0.41%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
5 4 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.20%) Active Directory
7 1 (0.10%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.10%) Platform Symphony
7 1 (0.10%) Shibboleth
7 1 (0.10%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 96 (9.74%) Kubernetes
2 40 (4.06%) Terraform
3 20 (2.03%) Ansible
4 6 (0.61%) Grafana
4 6 (0.61%) Kibana
5 5 (0.51%) Oozie
5 5 (0.51%) Puppet
6 4 (0.41%) Graphite
6 4 (0.41%) Hadoop YARN
6 4 (0.41%) Prometheus
6 4 (0.41%) Tivoli
7 3 (0.30%) MIIS
7 3 (0.30%) Opscode Chef
8 2 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
9 1 (0.10%) Ambari
9 1 (0.10%) ITRS Geneos
9 1 (0.10%) logstash
9 1 (0.10%) Packer
Vendors
1 73 (7.40%) Oracle
2 30 (3.04%) Microsoft
3 22 (2.23%) webMethods
4 21 (2.13%) BEA
4 21 (2.13%) Google
4 21 (2.13%) Pega
5 15 (1.52%) IBM
6 13 (1.32%) Bloomberg
7 12 (1.22%) Cloudera
8 11 (1.12%) CA
8 11 (1.12%) Talend
9 10 (1.01%) Atlassian
10 8 (0.81%) MuleSoft
10 8 (0.81%) Red Hat
11 7 (0.71%) Informatica
11 7 (0.71%) Splunk
12 5 (0.51%) VMware
13 4 (0.41%) QNX
13 4 (0.41%) Rackspace
13 4 (0.41%) Salesforce.com