Period
to 15 November 2018

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
UK > England
6 months to
15 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 186 243 271
Rank change year-on-year +57 +28 -13
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 1,382 1,009 961
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.45% 1.07% 0.97%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.53% 1.12% 1.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 724 523 533
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £625 £625 £603
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £415
% change year-on-year +5.56% +8.43% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 206 183 179
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%
10th Percentile £33.48 £35.00 £32.50
90th Percentile £51.00 £51.62 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £44.75 £42.50 £41.50
% change year-on-year +5.29% +2.41% +3.75%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 90,240 89,872 93,702
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.75% 94.88% 94.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 60,338 59,829 61,643
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £255
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £445 £425
% change year-on-year +1.12% +4.71% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,783 2,663 3,031
England median hourly rate £18.50 £18.70 £18.06
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.07% +3.54% +1.46%
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.88 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £48.42 £46.50
UK median hourly rate £18.00 £18.70 £18.00
% change year-on-year -3.74% +3.89% -

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineer in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer in England over the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer in England over the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the England region over the 6 months to 15 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +80 530 £525 +5.00% 339
South East +69 345 £450 +7.14% 339
North of England -8 170 £425 -1.16% 202
South West -6 141 £388 +3.33% 178
East of England -16 102 £450 +20.00% 281
Midlands +20 87 £425 - 130
Yorkshire +29 79 £425 -10.53% 56
North West -32 77 £425 -8.11% 117
West Midlands +10 56 £456 +14.06% 87
East Midlands +4 31 £350 -22.22% 42
North East -7 14 £400 +14.29% 29
Software Engineer
UK

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 15 November 2018, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 1,342 (97.11%) Software Engineering
2 624 (45.15%) Agile Software Development
3 546 (39.51%) Java
4 416 (30.10%) C++
5 339 (24.53%) Linux
6 317 (22.94%) JavaScript
7 298 (21.56%) Python
8 274 (19.83%) C#
9 257 (18.60%) Amazon AWS
10 248 (17.95%) C
11 247 (17.87%) TDD
12 233 (16.86%) Git (software)
13 230 (16.64%) Microservices
14 221 (15.99%) DevOps
15 211 (15.27%) SQL
16 206 (14.91%) .NET
16 206 (14.91%) Scrum
17 198 (14.33%) Node.js
18 185 (13.39%) Test Automation
18 185 (13.39%) AngularJS
19 182 (13.17%) Docker
20 170 (12.30%) Security Cleared
21 166 (12.01%) Continuous Integration
22 158 (11.43%) OO
23 154 (11.14%) Jenkins
23 154 (11.14%) React
24 152 (11.00%) Degree
25 151 (10.93%) Computer Science
25 151 (10.93%) HTML
26 150 (10.85%) BDD

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (4.20%) Elasticsearch
2 54 (3.91%) Confluence
3 51 (3.69%) Apache
4 49 (3.55%) Apache Spark
5 26 (1.88%) Tomcat
6 15 (1.09%) CMS
6 15 (1.09%) Gunicorn
7 11 (0.80%) JBoss
7 11 (0.80%) nginx
8 10 (0.72%) Apache Solr
9 9 (0.65%) Mule
9 9 (0.65%) SharePoint
9 9 (0.65%) WebLogic
10 7 (0.51%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 7 (0.51%) WebSphere
11 6 (0.43%) Apache ServiceMix
11 6 (0.43%) Drupal
12 5 (0.36%) IIS
12 5 (0.36%) WordPress
13 4 (0.29%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 32 (2.32%) Simulink
2 9 (0.65%) Microsoft Project
3 7 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.36%) Microsoft Excel
5 3 (0.22%) Chatbot
5 3 (0.22%) Stateflow
6 2 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.072%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.072%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 8 (0.58%) Oracle EBS R12
2 6 (0.43%) Distributed Ledger
2 6 (0.43%) Remedy AR System
2 6 (0.43%) Remedy ITSM
3 2 (0.14%) Bloomberg AIM
3 2 (0.14%) Eagle PACE
3 2 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.14%) thinkFolio
4 1 (0.072%) Exstream
4 1 (0.072%) Markit EDM
4 1 (0.072%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.072%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 257 (18.60%) Amazon AWS
2 105 (7.60%) Microsoft Azure
3 68 (4.92%) Serverless
4 57 (4.12%) AWS Lambda
5 33 (2.39%) AWS CloudFormation
6 29 (2.10%) Google Cloud Platform
7 28 (2.03%) Amazon SQS
8 24 (1.74%) GitHub
8 24 (1.74%) Slack
9 21 (1.52%) SaaS
10 20 (1.45%) PaaS
11 16 (1.16%) Cloud Computing
12 11 (0.80%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 10 (0.72%) Amazon S3
14 9 (0.65%) Amazon EC2
14 9 (0.65%) Amazon Kinesis
14 9 (0.65%) Google Analytics
14 9 (0.65%) IaaS
14 9 (0.65%) npm
14 9 (0.65%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 35 (2.53%) HTTP
1 35 (2.53%) TCP/IP
2 32 (2.32%) Internet
3 24 (1.74%) Wireless
4 19 (1.37%) Wi-Fi
5 17 (1.23%) Bluetooth
6 16 (1.16%) SSL
6 16 (1.16%) Wireshark
7 14 (1.01%) Firewall
8 12 (0.87%) Tactical Data Link
9 9 (0.65%) MQTT
10 8 (0.58%) AMQP
11 7 (0.51%) Ethernet
11 7 (0.51%) RS-232
11 7 (0.51%) SNMP
12 6 (0.43%) GSM
12 6 (0.43%) LTE
13 5 (0.36%) 4G
13 5 (0.36%) UMTS
13 5 (0.36%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 128 (9.26%) MongoDB
1 128 (9.26%) NoSQL
2 102 (7.38%) MySQL
3 84 (6.08%) Big Data
4 83 (6.01%) SQL Server
5 75 (5.43%) Hadoop
5 75 (5.43%) PostgreSQL
6 74 (5.35%) Relational Database
7 39 (2.82%) Apache Hive
8 36 (2.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 35 (2.53%) RDBMS
10 26 (1.88%) Apache Cassandra
11 18 (1.30%) Redis
12 17 (1.23%) Oracle Database
13 14 (1.01%) Couchbase
13 14 (1.01%) Neo4j
14 10 (0.72%) Blockchain
14 10 (0.72%) HBase
15 9 (0.65%) GIS
16 8 (0.58%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 233 (16.86%) Git (software)
2 154 (11.14%) Jenkins
3 105 (7.60%) Maven
4 87 (6.30%) JIRA
5 85 (6.15%) Visual Studio
6 76 (5.50%) Selenium
7 67 (4.85%) Cucumber
8 56 (4.05%) Rational DOORS
9 53 (3.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 46 (3.33%) Gatling
11 45 (3.26%) Hudson
12 43 (3.11%) Subversion
13 41 (2.97%) Artifactory
14 38 (2.75%) JUnit
15 36 (2.60%) Rational Rhapsody
16 35 (2.53%) IntelliJ
17 30 (2.17%) TeamCity
18 27 (1.95%) Eclipse
19 26 (1.88%) Gradle
20 23 (1.66%) Mercurial
General
1 148 (10.71%) Finance
2 70 (5.07%) Banking
3 59 (4.27%) Front Office
4 56 (4.05%) Electronics
5 49 (3.55%) Manufacturing
6 42 (3.04%) Law
6 42 (3.04%) Retail
7 41 (2.97%) Automotive
8 28 (2.03%) Telecoms
9 27 (1.95%) Aerospace
10 21 (1.52%) Games
11 17 (1.23%) Avionics
12 16 (1.16%) Marketing
13 9 (0.65%) Back Office
14 7 (0.51%) Publishing
15 6 (0.43%) Investment Banking
15 6 (0.43%) Legal
16 3 (0.22%) Advertising
16 3 (0.22%) Military
17 2 (0.14%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 206 (14.91%) .NET
2 198 (14.33%) Node.js
3 185 (13.39%) AngularJS
4 154 (11.14%) React
5 151 (10.93%) HTML
6 149 (10.78%) Web Services
7 147 (10.64%) Spring
8 133 (9.62%) CSS
9 127 (9.19%) REST
10 84 (6.08%) Kafka
11 68 (4.92%) ASP.NET
12 66 (4.78%) Spring Boot
13 60 (4.34%) RESTful
14 59 (4.27%) HTML5
15 52 (3.76%) .NET Framework
16 50 (3.62%) J2EE
17 48 (3.47%) WPF
18 47 (3.40%) RabbitMQ
19 44 (3.18%) jQuery
19 44 (3.18%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 151 (10.93%) Computer Science
2 83 (6.01%) User Experience
3 79 (5.72%) Greenfield Project
4 50 (3.62%) Self-Motivation
5 48 (3.47%) Analytical Skills
6 45 (3.26%) Embedded Systems
7 36 (2.60%) Algorithms
8 31 (2.24%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 27 (1.95%) Fixed Income
10 23 (1.66%) Derivative
11 22 (1.59%) Public Cloud
12 19 (1.37%) Equities
12 19 (1.37%) Mobile App
13 18 (1.30%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
14 16 (1.16%) Device Driver
15 15 (1.09%) Enterprise Software
16 13 (0.94%) Exotic Derivative
16 13 (0.94%) Fintech
17 12 (0.87%) Cloud Native
17 12 (0.87%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 339 (24.53%) Linux
2 126 (9.12%) Windows
3 67 (4.85%) Unix
4 48 (3.47%) Embedded Linux
5 42 (3.04%) Android
6 21 (1.52%) Apple iOS
7 19 (1.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 12 (0.87%) VxWorks
9 10 (0.72%) Ubuntu
10 7 (0.51%) FreeRTOS
10 7 (0.51%) Mac OS X
11 6 (0.43%) CentOS
11 6 (0.43%) Nucleus RTOS
11 6 (0.43%) Windows Server
12 5 (0.36%) SafeRTOS
13 4 (0.29%) Windows 10
14 3 (0.22%) Windows 7
15 2 (0.14%) Mac OS
15 2 (0.14%) Oracle Linux
15 2 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,342 (97.11%) Software Engineering
2 624 (45.15%) Agile Software Development
3 247 (17.87%) TDD
4 230 (16.64%) Microservices
5 221 (15.99%) DevOps
6 206 (14.91%) Scrum
7 185 (13.39%) Test Automation
8 166 (12.01%) Continuous Integration
9 158 (11.43%) OO
10 150 (10.85%) BDD
11 147 (10.64%) Problem-Solving
12 117 (8.47%) Unit Testing
13 92 (6.66%) MVC
14 91 (6.58%) UML
15 89 (6.44%) SDLC
16 80 (5.79%) Mentoring
17 76 (5.50%) Mathematics
18 75 (5.43%) Continuous Delivery
19 73 (5.28%) Open Source
20 72 (5.21%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 546 (39.51%) Java
2 416 (30.10%) C++
3 317 (22.94%) JavaScript
4 298 (21.56%) Python
5 274 (19.83%) C#
6 248 (17.95%) C
7 211 (15.27%) SQL
8 107 (7.74%) Embedded C
9 94 (6.80%) Java 8
10 61 (4.41%) Embedded C++
10 61 (4.41%) Go
11 48 (3.47%) Scala
12 47 (3.40%) ES6
12 47 (3.40%) PHP
13 43 (3.11%) TypeScript
14 38 (2.75%) MATLAB
15 33 (2.39%) Ada
16 30 (2.17%) Groovy
17 28 (2.03%) PowerShell
18 27 (1.95%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 170 (12.30%) Security Cleared
2 152 (11.00%) Degree
3 117 (8.47%) SC Cleared
4 42 (3.04%) Computer Science Degree
5 35 (2.53%) AWS Certification
6 8 (0.58%) Master's Degree
7 6 (0.43%) DV Cleared
8 5 (0.36%) Numerate Degree
9 4 (0.29%) DBS Check
9 4 (0.29%) PhD
10 3 (0.22%) CCNA
10 3 (0.22%) Cisco Certification
10 3 (0.22%) CISSP
10 3 (0.22%) GIAC
10 3 (0.22%) HND
10 3 (0.22%) Linux+ Certification
10 3 (0.22%) MCSE
10 3 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
10 3 (0.22%) Network+ Certification
10 3 (0.22%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (2.82%) MISRA
2 34 (2.46%) QA
3 25 (1.81%) MISRA C
4 16 (1.16%) DO-178B
5 5 (0.36%) IEC 61508
6 3 (0.22%) ARP4754
6 3 (0.22%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.14%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.14%) Def Stans
7 2 (0.14%) IEC 62304
7 2 (0.14%) ISO 26262
7 2 (0.14%) MIL-STD-498
7 2 (0.14%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.14%) SLA
8 1 (0.072%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.072%) DO-160
8 1 (0.072%) GDPR
8 1 (0.072%) ISO 13485
8 1 (0.072%) PMO
8 1 (0.072%) PSD2
System Software
1 182 (13.17%) Docker
2 22 (1.59%) Firmware
3 10 (0.72%) HDFS
4 3 (0.22%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.22%) vSphere
5 2 (0.14%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.072%) OpenAM
Systems Management
1 101 (7.31%) Terraform
2 61 (4.41%) Ansible
3 55 (3.98%) Kubernetes
4 43 (3.11%) Puppet
5 17 (1.23%) Grafana
6 11 (0.80%) Kibana
7 9 (0.65%) Opscode Chef
8 8 (0.58%) Mesos
9 6 (0.43%) Graylog
10 3 (0.22%) Oozie
10 3 (0.22%) Salt
10 3 (0.22%) SELinux
11 2 (0.14%) Docker Swarm
11 2 (0.14%) Graphite
11 2 (0.14%) Marathon
11 2 (0.14%) rkt
12 1 (0.072%) Host Intrusion Detection System
12 1 (0.072%) logstash
12 1 (0.072%) Packer
12 1 (0.072%) WSUS
Vendors
1 88 (6.37%) Oracle
2 67 (4.85%) Microsoft
3 53 (3.84%) Google
4 16 (1.16%) Red Hat
5 14 (1.01%) IBM
5 14 (1.01%) Salesforce.com
6 12 (0.87%) Splunk
7 10 (0.72%) Adobe
7 10 (0.72%) Green Hills
7 10 (0.72%) Rackspace
8 9 (0.65%) Atlassian
8 9 (0.65%) Serena
9 7 (0.51%) MapR
9 7 (0.51%) SAP
9 7 (0.51%) Tableau
10 6 (0.43%) BMC
10 6 (0.43%) Remedy
10 6 (0.43%) Telerik
10 6 (0.43%) WorldPay
10 6 (0.43%) WSO2