Period
to 27 October 2021

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £550 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
UK > England
6 months to
27 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 120 111 156
Rank change year-on-year -9 +45 +39
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 1,499 627 1,367
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.20% 2.26% 1.78%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.35% 2.44% 1.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,045 456 617
10th Percentile £400 £378 £325
25th Percentile £455 £438 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £450
Median % change year-on-year - +22.22% -5.26%
75th Percentile £650 £700 £563
90th Percentile £713 £800 £625
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £450
% change year-on-year +4.76% +16.67% -5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 87 48 187
10th Percentile £41.25 £40.70 £41.25
25th Percentile £45.00 £41.25 £42.50
Median hourly rate £49.00 £45.00 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +8.89% -5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £55.00 £47.50 £51.71
90th Percentile £60.39 £51.02 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £49.00 £45.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year +8.89% -5.26% +7.02%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 63,760 25,677 72,415
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.46% 92.58% 94.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 45,008 17,694 49,122
10th Percentile £300 £263 £263
25th Percentile £408 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £508 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +6.84% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £613 £575 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,872 836 2,400
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.75 £14.00 £13.75
Median hourly rate £19.76 £22.00 £18.70
Median % change year-on-year -10.19% +17.65% +6.86%
75th Percentile £45.00 £43.75 £43.75
90th Percentile £62.15 £53.75 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £22.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year -9.09% +15.79% +8.57%

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer in England.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineer in England over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineer in England over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the England region over the 6 months to 27 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -25 824 £575 -4.17% 480
North of England +22 144 £425 +3.03% 199
South West +18 130 £493 +9.50% 156
South East -34 118 £525 +15.38% 214
East of England -4 108 £450 +12.50% 141
North West +12 98 £401 -2.73% 115
Midlands -19 81 £463 - 155
West Midlands -20 59 £490 +14.62% 96
Yorkshire -19 42 £475 +52.00% 70
East Midlands -16 22 £400 -15.79% 58
North East -4 6 £525 +10.53% 14
Software Engineer
UK

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 27 October 2021, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 1,468 (97.93%) Software Engineering
2 757 (50.50%) Agile Software Development
3 575 (38.36%) AWS
4 543 (36.22%) JavaScript
5 495 (33.02%) Java
6 436 (29.09%) React
7 394 (26.28%) Finance
8 392 (26.15%) Full Stack Development
9 385 (25.68%) Python
10 355 (23.68%) Docker
11 350 (23.35%) Web Services
12 343 (22.88%) Serverless
13 331 (22.08%) TypeScript
14 328 (21.88%) SQL
15 318 (21.21%) Node.js
16 302 (20.15%) .NET
16 302 (20.15%) Kubernetes
17 295 (19.68%) Azure
17 295 (19.68%) C#
18 286 (19.08%) Asset Management
19 262 (17.48%) AWS Lambda
20 245 (16.34%) Front Office
21 242 (16.14%) Microservices
22 225 (15.01%) Amazon S3
23 222 (14.81%) DevOps
23 222 (14.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
24 216 (14.41%) Git (software)
25 211 (14.08%) Security Cleared
25 211 (14.08%) C++
26 199 (13.28%) Terraform

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 50 (3.34%) Confluence
2 49 (3.27%) Apache
3 36 (2.40%) Apache Airflow
4 27 (1.80%) SAS
5 17 (1.13%) Elasticsearch
6 16 (1.07%) WebLogic
7 14 (0.93%) Apache Spark
7 14 (0.93%) Tomcat
8 13 (0.87%) SharePoint
9 12 (0.80%) BizTalk Server
10 9 (0.60%) CMS
10 9 (0.60%) WordPress
11 8 (0.53%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 8 (0.53%) Cloud Foundry
12 6 (0.40%) CICS
12 6 (0.40%) WebLogic Portal
13 5 (0.33%) IIS
14 3 (0.20%) JBoss
15 2 (0.13%) ArcGIS
15 2 (0.13%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 18 (1.20%) Microsoft Excel
1 18 (1.20%) Simulink
2 7 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.40%) FrameMaker
3 6 (0.40%) Spreadsheet
4 4 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.20%) Figma
5 3 (0.20%) Sketch
6 2 (0.13%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.067%) InVision
7 1 (0.067%) Mathcad
7 1 (0.067%) PlantUML
Business Applications
1 4 (0.27%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 2 (0.13%) Teamcenter
3 1 (0.067%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
3 1 (0.067%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 575 (38.36%) AWS
2 343 (22.88%) Serverless
3 295 (19.68%) Azure
4 262 (17.48%) AWS Lambda
5 225 (15.01%) Amazon S3
6 155 (10.34%) Amazon SQS
7 142 (9.47%) AWS Step Functions
7 142 (9.47%) GCP
8 77 (5.14%) Amazon EC2
9 41 (2.74%) GitHub
10 32 (2.13%) PaaS
11 26 (1.73%) AWS CloudFormation
12 23 (1.53%) IaaS
13 20 (1.33%) Apigee
13 20 (1.33%) SaaS
14 18 (1.20%) Amazon ECS
14 18 (1.20%) OpenShift
15 17 (1.13%) Azure Key Vault
16 16 (1.07%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 16 (1.07%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 30 (2.00%) HTTP
2 13 (0.87%) HTTPS
2 13 (0.87%) Wi-Fi
3 12 (0.80%) Wireless
4 10 (0.67%) TCP/IP
5 8 (0.53%) Modbus
6 7 (0.47%) IPv4
6 7 (0.47%) IPv6
7 6 (0.40%) Internet
8 5 (0.33%) DECT
8 5 (0.33%) DHCP
8 5 (0.33%) Multicast
8 5 (0.33%) Radio Access Network
8 5 (0.33%) RS-422
8 5 (0.33%) RS-485
9 4 (0.27%) 5G
9 4 (0.27%) Bluetooth
9 4 (0.27%) Broadband
9 4 (0.27%) Kerberos
9 4 (0.27%) PPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 222 (14.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 149 (9.94%) Amazon RDS
3 81 (5.40%) NoSQL
4 76 (5.07%) MySQL
5 68 (4.54%) SQL Server
6 56 (3.74%) MongoDB
6 56 (3.74%) PostgreSQL
7 40 (2.67%) Big Data
8 39 (2.60%) Relational Database
9 30 (2.00%) Azure SQL Database
10 28 (1.87%) Apache Hive
11 27 (1.80%) Amazon Athena
11 27 (1.80%) Redis
12 26 (1.73%) Hadoop
13 23 (1.53%) Apache Ignite
14 22 (1.47%) Oracle Database
15 19 (1.27%) Apache Cassandra
15 19 (1.27%) Data Warehouse
15 19 (1.27%) Pentaho
16 15 (1.00%) GIS
Development Applications
1 216 (14.41%) Git (software)
2 121 (8.07%) Jenkins
3 101 (6.74%) JIRA
4 50 (3.34%) Rational DOORS
5 46 (3.07%) GitLab
5 46 (3.07%) Rational Rhapsody
6 37 (2.47%) Bitbucket
6 37 (2.47%) Maven
7 35 (2.33%) Cucumber
8 32 (2.13%) Selenium
8 32 (2.13%) Visual Studio
9 28 (1.87%) JMeter
10 27 (1.80%) JUnit
11 25 (1.67%) Rational Team Concert
12 22 (1.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 21 (1.40%) Mocha
14 19 (1.27%) NetBeans
15 17 (1.13%) Eclipse
15 17 (1.13%) Sonatype Nexus
16 16 (1.07%) TeamCity
General
1 394 (26.28%) Finance
2 245 (16.34%) Front Office
3 171 (11.41%) Social Skills
4 54 (3.60%) Public Sector
5 48 (3.20%) Law
6 40 (2.67%) Analytical Skills
7 33 (2.20%) Electronics
8 29 (1.93%) Banking
9 26 (1.73%) Retail
10 23 (1.53%) Games
11 20 (1.33%) Aerospace
12 19 (1.27%) Pharmaceutical
13 16 (1.07%) Telecoms
14 13 (0.87%) Marketing
15 12 (0.80%) Automotive
15 12 (0.80%) Avionics
15 12 (0.80%) Publishing
16 11 (0.73%) Manufacturing
17 10 (0.67%) Presentation Skills
18 7 (0.47%) Organisational Skills
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 436 (29.09%) React
2 350 (23.35%) Web Services
3 318 (21.21%) Node.js
4 302 (20.15%) .NET
5 183 (12.21%) Material-UI
6 158 (10.54%) AngularJS
7 134 (8.94%) REST
8 109 (7.27%) .NET Core
9 93 (6.20%) Spring
10 87 (5.80%) Kafka
11 85 (5.67%) CSS
12 75 (5.00%) Vue.js
13 71 (4.74%) Spring Boot
14 69 (4.60%) HTML
14 69 (4.60%) RESTful
15 55 (3.67%) GraphQL
16 45 (3.00%) React Native
17 43 (2.87%) .NET Framework
18 34 (2.27%) ASP.NET
18 34 (2.27%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 91 (6.07%) Equities
2 87 (5.80%) Derivative
2 87 (5.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 85 (5.67%) Fixed Income
4 68 (4.54%) User Experience
5 46 (3.07%) Hedge funds
6 40 (2.67%) Greenfield Project
7 35 (2.33%) Self-Motivation
8 31 (2.07%) Algorithms
9 30 (2.00%) Cloud Native
9 30 (2.00%) Data Structures
10 26 (1.73%) Data Protection Act
11 25 (1.67%) Embedded Systems
12 17 (1.13%) Client/Server
13 16 (1.07%) Cybercrime
14 14 (0.93%) CMDB
15 13 (0.87%) Legacy Applications
16 12 (0.80%) Credit Derivative
16 12 (0.80%) Device Driver
17 9 (0.60%) Biotechnology
Operating Systems
1 191 (12.74%) Linux
2 107 (7.14%) Windows
3 60 (4.00%) Unix
4 20 (1.33%) Android
5 14 (0.93%) Apple iOS
6 12 (0.80%) Windows 10
7 10 (0.67%) Embedded Linux
8 9 (0.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 7 (0.47%) AIX
9 7 (0.47%) OpenWrt
10 6 (0.40%) FreeRTOS
11 4 (0.27%) SafeRTOS
11 4 (0.27%) zOS
12 3 (0.20%) CentOS
12 3 (0.20%) Solaris
12 3 (0.20%) VME
12 3 (0.20%) VMS
12 3 (0.20%) VxWorks
13 2 (0.13%) Ubuntu
13 2 (0.13%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,468 (97.93%) Software Engineering
2 757 (50.50%) Agile Software Development
3 392 (26.15%) Full Stack Development
4 286 (19.08%) Asset Management
5 242 (16.14%) Microservices
6 222 (14.81%) DevOps
7 196 (13.08%) Investment Management
8 179 (11.94%) TDD
9 153 (10.21%) Test Automation
10 136 (9.07%) Scrum
11 121 (8.07%) Software Testing
12 116 (7.74%) Continuous Integration
13 113 (7.54%) OO
14 107 (7.14%) Problem-Solving
15 103 (6.87%) SDLC
16 102 (6.80%) Analytics
17 80 (5.34%) Configuration Management
18 79 (5.27%) Unit Testing
19 78 (5.20%) Computer Science
20 66 (4.40%) Clean Code
Programming Languages
1 543 (36.22%) JavaScript
2 495 (33.02%) Java
3 385 (25.68%) Python
4 331 (22.08%) TypeScript
5 328 (21.88%) SQL
6 295 (19.68%) C#
7 211 (14.08%) C++
8 161 (10.74%) C
9 86 (5.74%) Kotlin
10 79 (5.27%) Go
11 51 (3.40%) PL/SQL
11 51 (3.40%) Scala
12 44 (2.94%) Shell Script
13 41 (2.74%) Embedded C
14 38 (2.54%) Perl
15 37 (2.47%) Ada
16 28 (1.87%) Bash Shell
16 28 (1.87%) PHP
17 27 (1.80%) Java 8
17 27 (1.80%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 211 (14.08%) Security Cleared
2 181 (12.07%) SC Cleared
3 78 (5.20%) Degree
4 32 (2.13%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (1.87%) DV Cleared
6 22 (1.47%) BPSS Clearance
7 6 (0.40%) Master's Degree
8 5 (0.33%) PhD
9 4 (0.27%) ISTQB
9 4 (0.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 2 (0.13%) DBS Check
10 2 (0.13%) HND
11 1 (0.067%) CCNA
11 1 (0.067%) Cisco Certification
11 1 (0.067%) CITP
11 1 (0.067%) ITIL Certification
11 1 (0.067%) VCAP
11 1 (0.067%) VCDX
11 1 (0.067%) VCP6
11 1 (0.067%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 56 (3.74%) QA
2 14 (0.93%) Accessibility
2 14 (0.93%) DO-178B
3 12 (0.80%) IEC 61508
4 11 (0.73%) MISRA
5 10 (0.67%) MISRA C
6 7 (0.47%) Def Stans
7 4 (0.27%) GDPR
7 4 (0.27%) JTAG
7 4 (0.27%) WCAG
8 2 (0.13%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.13%) DO-254
8 2 (0.13%) GRC
8 2 (0.13%) ISO 26262
9 1 (0.067%) MiFID
System Software
1 355 (23.68%) Docker
2 21 (1.40%) Active Directory
2 21 (1.40%) Firmware
3 17 (1.13%) HDFS
4 12 (0.80%) VMware Infrastructure
5 11 (0.73%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (0.40%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
7 5 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 3 (0.20%) Job Entry Subsystem
8 3 (0.20%) RACF
9 2 (0.13%) Hyper-V
9 2 (0.13%) iptables
9 2 (0.13%) NFS
10 1 (0.067%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.067%) KVM
10 1 (0.067%) RHEV
10 1 (0.067%) Virtual Desktop
10 1 (0.067%) VMware ESXi
10 1 (0.067%) vSphere
10 1 (0.067%) Xen
Systems Management
1 302 (20.15%) Kubernetes
2 199 (13.28%) Terraform
3 40 (2.67%) Ansible
4 26 (1.73%) Grafana
5 25 (1.67%) Prometheus
6 12 (0.80%) MIIS
7 9 (0.60%) Graphite
7 9 (0.60%) Rancher
8 8 (0.53%) Bosun
8 8 (0.53%) Oozie
8 8 (0.53%) VictorOps
9 7 (0.47%) Puppet
9 7 (0.47%) Single Sign-On
10 6 (0.40%) Kibana
10 6 (0.40%) Tivoli
11 3 (0.20%) logstash
11 3 (0.20%) Opscode Chef
11 3 (0.20%) Packer
12 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Intune
12 2 (0.13%) Tivoli NetView
Vendors
1 85 (5.67%) Oracle
2 56 (3.74%) Microsoft
3 36 (2.40%) Google
4 22 (1.47%) Informatica
5 20 (1.33%) Splunk
6 18 (1.20%) Adobe
7 15 (1.00%) Talend
8 14 (0.93%) Atlassian
9 13 (0.87%) Confluent
9 13 (0.87%) VMware
10 12 (0.80%) CA Agile Central
10 12 (0.80%) IBM
10 12 (0.80%) Perfecto Mobile
10 12 (0.80%) Perforce
11 10 (0.67%) Cloudera
12 9 (0.60%) webMethods
13 8 (0.53%) BEA
14 7 (0.47%) Apple
14 7 (0.47%) Embarcadero
14 7 (0.47%) Red Hat