Period
to 22 January 2020

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £488 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 22 January 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
UK > England
6 months to
22 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 152 200 239
Rank change year-on-year +48 +39 +9
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 1,140 1,340 1,010
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.72% 1.47% 1.10%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.84% 1.55% 1.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 601 682 517
England median daily rate £488 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% - +11.76%
10th Percentile £356 £325 £315
90th Percentile £638 £625 £622
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £463
% change year-on-year - +2.70% +8.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 133 206 174
England median hourly rate £47.50 £45.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £41.25 £35.13 £33.75
90th Percentile £53.17 £51.88 £50.78
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 61,995 86,494 87,043
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.79% 94.72% 94.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 40,815 57,838 58,352
England median daily rate £463 £465 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.54% +3.33% +5.88%
10th Percentile £250 £275 £263
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,418 2,585 2,554
England median hourly rate £19.00 £18.70 £18.30
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.60% +2.19% -0.46%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.00 £10.75
90th Percentile £51.72 £48.75 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £19.00 £18.70 £18.50
% change year-on-year +1.60% +1.08% +2.78%

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineer in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer in England over the 6 months to 22 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer in England over the 6 months to 22 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the England region over the 6 months to 22 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +52 441 £543 +3.42% 367
South West +67 285 £450 +16.13% 174
South East -50 136 £450 - 285
North of England +19 128 £440 +2.62% 209
East of England +38 114 £413 -2.37% 201
North West +29 69 £425 - 112
Yorkshire +9 51 £475 +5.56% 77
Midlands -11 33 £450 +2.86% 137
West Midlands 0 20 £425 -5.56% 93
East Midlands +22 13 £488 +39.29% 44
North East +8 8 £428 -5.00% 20
Software Engineer
UK

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 22 January 2020, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 1,117 (97.98%) Software Engineering
2 486 (42.63%) Agile Software Development
3 412 (36.14%) Java
4 397 (34.82%) C++
5 365 (32.02%) Python
6 306 (26.84%) C
7 291 (25.53%) C#
8 263 (23.07%) JavaScript
9 239 (20.96%) Security Cleared
10 236 (20.70%) Linux
11 225 (19.74%) AWS
12 206 (18.07%) DevOps
13 187 (16.40%) Web Services
14 186 (16.32%) .NET
14 186 (16.32%) Finance
15 179 (15.70%) Microservices
16 160 (14.04%) SC Cleared
17 151 (13.25%) TDD
18 147 (12.89%) SQL
19 145 (12.72%) Azure
20 133 (11.67%) OO
21 130 (11.40%) React
22 126 (11.05%) Git (software)
23 125 (10.96%) Embedded C
24 119 (10.44%) Test Automation
25 115 (10.09%) AngularJS
26 111 (9.74%) Docker
27 110 (9.65%) UML
28 109 (9.56%) Continuous Integration
29 105 (9.21%) Node.js

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (2.19%) Elasticsearch
2 18 (1.58%) Apache Spark
3 14 (1.23%) Apache
3 14 (1.23%) Confluence
4 11 (0.96%) Tomcat
5 7 (0.61%) CMS
5 7 (0.61%) JBoss
5 7 (0.61%) Mendix
5 7 (0.61%) nginx
6 5 (0.44%) IIS
7 4 (0.35%) SharePoint
8 3 (0.26%) SAS
8 3 (0.26%) Sonic ESB
8 3 (0.26%) WebLogic
9 2 (0.18%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 2 (0.18%) Cloud Foundry
9 2 (0.18%) EPiServer
9 2 (0.18%) OpenEdge
9 2 (0.18%) OpenStack
9 2 (0.18%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 20 (1.75%) Simulink
2 11 (0.96%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.53%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.18%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.18%) PlantUML
5 1 (0.088%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.088%) AutoCAD
5 1 (0.088%) Blender
5 1 (0.088%) Inkscape
5 1 (0.088%) MODO
5 1 (0.088%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 19 (1.67%) FINCAD Analytics
2 8 (0.70%) PolarLake
3 7 (0.61%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 6 (0.53%) Markit EDM
5 4 (0.35%) osCommerce
5 4 (0.35%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 3 (0.26%) Eikon
6 3 (0.26%) LabWindows
7 2 (0.18%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.088%) ION MarketView
8 1 (0.088%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 225 (19.74%) AWS
2 145 (12.72%) Azure
3 70 (6.14%) Serverless
4 62 (5.44%) GitHub
5 55 (4.82%) GCP
6 49 (4.30%) AWS Lambda
7 41 (3.60%) Amazon S3
8 27 (2.37%) Amazon SQS
9 23 (2.02%) Amazon EC2
10 18 (1.58%) AWS CloudFormation
10 18 (1.58%) AWS Step Functions
10 18 (1.58%) OpenShift
11 15 (1.32%) Amazon ECS
12 11 (0.96%) Azure Functions
13 6 (0.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 6 (0.53%) CloudFront
14 5 (0.44%) Azure Active Directory
14 5 (0.44%) Power Platform
15 4 (0.35%) Boomi
15 4 (0.35%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 27 (2.37%) TCP/IP
2 23 (2.02%) Internet
3 22 (1.93%) DNS
4 19 (1.67%) Wireless
5 17 (1.49%) RS-485
6 16 (1.40%) RS-232
7 13 (1.14%) Wireshark
8 11 (0.96%) Ethernet
8 11 (0.96%) HTTP
9 10 (0.88%) Bluetooth
10 9 (0.79%) Wi-Fi
11 6 (0.53%) ZigBee
12 5 (0.44%) DHCP
12 5 (0.44%) VoIP
13 4 (0.35%) 5G
14 3 (0.26%) 4G
14 3 (0.26%) AMQP
14 3 (0.26%) Firewall
14 3 (0.26%) SSH
15 2 (0.18%) LTE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 83 (7.28%) SQL Server
2 63 (5.53%) MongoDB
3 59 (5.18%) NoSQL
4 58 (5.09%) MySQL
4 58 (5.09%) Relational Database
5 57 (5.00%) Big Data
6 50 (4.39%) PostgreSQL
7 43 (3.77%) RDBMS
8 41 (3.60%) Amazon Aurora
9 39 (3.42%) Amazon RDS
10 31 (2.72%) Hadoop
11 29 (2.54%) Amazon Athena
12 28 (2.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 22 (1.93%) Amazon Redshift
14 20 (1.75%) Redis
15 13 (1.14%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 10 (0.88%) HBase
17 9 (0.79%) Apache Hive
17 9 (0.79%) KDB
17 9 (0.79%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 126 (11.05%) Git (software)
2 91 (7.98%) Jenkins
3 63 (5.53%) JIRA
4 57 (5.00%) Rational Rhapsody
5 40 (3.51%) Maven
6 35 (3.07%) Rational DOORS
7 33 (2.89%) Cucumber
8 29 (2.54%) Visual Studio Team System
9 27 (2.37%) Selenium
10 24 (2.11%) Subversion
11 21 (1.84%) Visual Studio
12 19 (1.67%) Gradle
12 19 (1.67%) Jasmine
13 17 (1.49%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 17 (1.49%) GitLab
14 13 (1.14%) Artifactory
14 13 (1.14%) JUnit
14 13 (1.14%) NetBeans
14 13 (1.14%) SonarQube
14 13 (1.14%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 186 (16.32%) Finance
2 85 (7.46%) Front Office
3 41 (3.60%) Banking
4 37 (3.25%) Law
5 32 (2.81%) Electronics
6 26 (2.28%) Military
7 20 (1.75%) Manufacturing
7 20 (1.75%) Public Sector
8 17 (1.49%) Aerospace
9 15 (1.32%) Investment Banking
10 13 (1.14%) Telecoms
11 12 (1.05%) Marketing
12 11 (0.96%) Automotive
13 10 (0.88%) Avionics
14 8 (0.70%) Back Office
14 8 (0.70%) Retail
15 5 (0.44%) Games
16 4 (0.35%) Financial Institution
16 4 (0.35%) Publishing
17 3 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 187 (16.40%) Web Services
2 186 (16.32%) .NET
3 130 (11.40%) React
4 115 (10.09%) AngularJS
5 105 (9.21%) Node.js
6 84 (7.37%) Spring
7 77 (6.75%) J2EE
8 74 (6.49%) HTML
9 69 (6.05%) CSS
10 55 (4.82%) REST
11 51 (4.47%) RESTful
12 43 (3.77%) .NET Core
12 43 (3.77%) ASP.NET
13 36 (3.16%) Kafka
14 30 (2.63%) Spring Boot
15 29 (2.54%) HTML5
16 26 (2.28%) gRPC
17 25 (2.19%) jQuery
18 24 (2.11%) ASP.NET Web API
18 24 (2.11%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 66 (5.79%) Greenfield Project
2 65 (5.70%) Fixed Income
3 52 (4.56%) Derivative
4 39 (3.42%) Embedded Systems
5 38 (3.33%) Analytical Skills
6 33 (2.89%) Algorithms
7 32 (2.81%) Hedge funds
8 30 (2.63%) User Experience
9 24 (2.11%) Mobile App
10 20 (1.75%) Pricing Data
11 19 (1.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 19 (1.67%) Linux Command Line
11 19 (1.67%) Public Cloud
12 18 (1.58%) Equities
13 17 (1.49%) Blog
13 17 (1.49%) Device Driver
14 16 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
14 16 (1.40%) Self-Motivation
15 12 (1.05%) Data Structures
15 12 (1.05%) Smart City
Operating Systems
1 236 (20.70%) Linux
2 63 (5.53%) Unix
2 63 (5.53%) Windows
3 46 (4.04%) FreeRTOS
4 38 (3.33%) ThreadX
5 31 (2.72%) Embedded Linux
6 20 (1.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 18 (1.58%) Android
8 15 (1.32%) CentOS
9 14 (1.23%) Ubuntu
10 13 (1.14%) Windows Server
11 10 (0.88%) Debian
11 10 (0.88%) VxWorks
11 10 (0.88%) Windows Server 2012
12 8 (0.70%) Apple iOS
13 6 (0.53%) Windows 10
13 6 (0.53%) Windows Server 2008
14 5 (0.44%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 4 (0.35%) Solaris
16 3 (0.26%) SafeRTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,117 (97.98%) Software Engineering
2 486 (42.63%) Agile Software Development
3 206 (18.07%) DevOps
4 179 (15.70%) Microservices
5 151 (13.25%) TDD
6 133 (11.67%) OO
7 119 (10.44%) Test Automation
8 110 (9.65%) UML
9 109 (9.56%) Continuous Integration
10 102 (8.95%) Asset Management
11 91 (7.98%) Scrum
12 81 (7.11%) Computer Science
13 62 (5.44%) Cybersecurity
13 62 (5.44%) Open Source
14 59 (5.18%) OOD
14 59 (5.18%) Problem-Solving
15 52 (4.56%) BDD
15 52 (4.56%) Unit Testing
16 51 (4.47%) Mentoring
17 50 (4.39%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 412 (36.14%) Java
2 397 (34.82%) C++
3 365 (32.02%) Python
4 306 (26.84%) C
5 291 (25.53%) C#
6 263 (23.07%) JavaScript
7 147 (12.89%) SQL
8 125 (10.96%) Embedded C
9 95 (8.33%) Embedded C++
10 52 (4.56%) R
11 50 (4.39%) TypeScript
12 43 (3.77%) Ruby
13 33 (2.89%) Java 8
14 26 (2.28%) PowerShell
15 25 (2.19%) Kotlin
16 24 (2.11%) Go
16 24 (2.11%) Shell Script
17 22 (1.93%) Bash Shell
18 21 (1.84%) PHP
19 19 (1.67%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 239 (20.96%) Security Cleared
2 160 (14.04%) SC Cleared
3 91 (7.98%) Degree
3 91 (7.98%) DV Cleared
4 30 (2.63%) Computer Science Degree
5 10 (0.88%) Master's Degree
6 7 (0.61%) Numerate Degree
7 6 (0.53%) BPSS Clearance
8 5 (0.44%) PhD
9 3 (0.26%) DBS Check
9 3 (0.26%) HND
10 2 (0.18%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.088%) AWS Certification
11 1 (0.088%) CCNA
11 1 (0.088%) CCNP
11 1 (0.088%) Cisco Certification
11 1 (0.088%) MBA
11 1 (0.088%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (2.28%) QA
2 21 (1.84%) MISRA
3 8 (0.70%) DO-178B
4 7 (0.61%) MISRA C
5 6 (0.53%) IEC 61508
6 5 (0.44%) ISO 26262
7 3 (0.26%) Data Quality
7 3 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
7 3 (0.26%) IEC 62304
8 2 (0.18%) ECSS
8 2 (0.18%) JTAG
System Software
1 111 (9.74%) Docker
2 15 (1.32%) Active Directory
3 11 (0.96%) Firmware
3 11 (0.96%) VMware ESXi
4 7 (0.61%) Hyper-V
5 6 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
6 5 (0.44%) VMware Infrastructure
7 4 (0.35%) DFS Replication
7 4 (0.35%) HDFS
7 4 (0.35%) Microsoft App-V
8 3 (0.26%) VirtualBox
8 3 (0.26%) XenApp
9 2 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 2 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
9 2 (0.18%) vSphere
10 1 (0.088%) LXC
Systems Management
1 80 (7.02%) Kubernetes
2 54 (4.74%) Ansible
3 33 (2.89%) Terraform
4 9 (0.79%) Puppet
5 8 (0.70%) Grafana
5 8 (0.70%) Prometheus
6 7 (0.61%) vCenter Server
7 5 (0.44%) Opscode Chef
7 5 (0.44%) SCCM
7 5 (0.44%) WSUS
8 4 (0.35%) Failover Clustering
8 4 (0.35%) HAProxy
8 4 (0.35%) Microsoft Clustering
9 3 (0.26%) Docker Swarm
9 3 (0.26%) Kibana
9 3 (0.26%) SCOM
9 3 (0.26%) Single Sign-On
10 2 (0.18%) SCDPM
10 2 (0.18%) SCVMM
10 2 (0.18%) SELinux
Vendors
1 73 (6.40%) Oracle
2 54 (4.74%) Google
3 49 (4.30%) Microsoft
4 30 (2.63%) Bloomberg
5 24 (2.11%) Sybase
6 22 (1.93%) Apple
7 18 (1.58%) SAP
8 14 (1.23%) Atlassian
8 14 (1.23%) Reuters
9 12 (1.05%) VMware
10 11 (0.96%) Facebook
11 10 (0.88%) Red Hat
12 9 (0.79%) Cisco
13 8 (0.70%) Adobe
13 8 (0.70%) Dell
13 8 (0.70%) hybris
14 7 (0.61%) OutSystems
14 7 (0.61%) Salesforce.com
14 7 (0.61%) Twitter
14 7 (0.61%) YouTube