Period
to 17 January 2019

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 17 January 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
UK > England
6 months to
17 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 191 241 247
Rank change year-on-year +50 +6 +5
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 1,324 1,005 947
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.45% 1.09% 1.05%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.54% 1.15% 1.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 672 517 512
England median daily rate £475 £475 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.76% +2.41%
10th Percentile £325 £315 £315
90th Percentile £625 £620 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £454 £425
% change year-on-year +4.67% +6.78% +4.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 202 177 187
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £35.03 £33.76 £32.50
90th Percentile £51.23 £50.78 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 86,236 87,626 85,752
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.68% 94.85% 94.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,643 58,779 56,489
England median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +2.16%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £256
90th Percentile £645 £638 £608
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,572 2,548 2,917
England median hourly rate £18.70 £18.50 £18.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.08% +0.68% +2.08%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.75 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.83 £47.00
UK median hourly rate £18.70 £18.50 £18.00
% change year-on-year +1.08% +2.78% -2.70%

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineer in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer in England over the 6 months to 17 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer in England over the 6 months to 17 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the England region over the 6 months to 17 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +86 517 £525 +5.00% 344
South East +71 327 £450 +5.88% 327
North of England -15 158 £443 +2.91% 169
South West -16 117 £400 +3.23% 215
East of England -4 104 £420 +12.00% 246
Midlands +31 95 £438 +9.38% 121
Yorkshire -13 80 £450 +4.65% 62
West Midlands +20 72 £450 +13.21% 82
North West -22 61 £425 -5.56% 90
East Midlands +5 23 £350 -26.32% 39
North East -5 17 £443 +26.43% 17
Software Engineer
UK

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 17 January 2019, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 1,278 (96.53%) Software Engineering
2 584 (44.11%) Agile Software Development
3 476 (35.95%) Java
4 400 (30.21%) C++
5 320 (24.17%) Python
6 309 (23.34%) Linux
7 289 (21.83%) JavaScript
8 255 (19.26%) C#
9 245 (18.50%) Microservices
10 236 (17.82%) C
11 231 (17.45%) TDD
12 221 (16.69%) Amazon AWS
13 216 (16.31%) Git (software)
14 205 (15.48%) SQL
15 191 (14.43%) .NET
16 189 (14.27%) DevOps
17 183 (13.82%) Docker
18 177 (13.37%) AngularJS
19 175 (13.22%) Test Automation
20 168 (12.69%) Node.js
21 166 (12.54%) Computer Science
22 165 (12.46%) Degree
23 163 (12.31%) Scrum
24 160 (12.08%) HTML
25 151 (11.40%) Security Cleared
26 145 (10.95%) OO
27 142 (10.73%) Continuous Integration
27 142 (10.73%) Problem-Solving
28 140 (10.57%) REST
29 138 (10.42%) React

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 69 (5.21%) Elasticsearch
2 50 (3.78%) Confluence
3 49 (3.70%) Apache Spark
4 36 (2.72%) Apache
5 17 (1.28%) CMS
6 16 (1.21%) SharePoint
6 16 (1.21%) Tomcat
7 15 (1.13%) Gunicorn
8 14 (1.06%) Cloud Foundry
9 13 (0.98%) nginx
10 12 (0.91%) WebLogic
11 9 (0.68%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 9 (0.68%) Apache Solr
12 8 (0.60%) Mule
13 7 (0.53%) SAS
13 7 (0.53%) WebSphere
14 6 (0.45%) Drupal
14 6 (0.45%) IIS
14 6 (0.45%) JBoss
15 5 (0.38%) WordPress
Applications
1 25 (1.89%) Simulink
2 9 (0.68%) Microsoft Project
3 6 (0.45%) Chatbot
4 5 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
5 4 (0.30%) Stateflow
6 3 (0.23%) Microsoft Excel
7 2 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.076%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (0.60%) Oracle EBS R12
2 6 (0.45%) Distributed Ledger
3 4 (0.30%) Markit EDM
3 4 (0.30%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.15%) Bloomberg AIM
4 2 (0.15%) Decalog
4 2 (0.15%) Eagle PACE
4 2 (0.15%) Remedy AR System
4 2 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
4 2 (0.15%) thinkFolio
5 1 (0.076%) Exstream
5 1 (0.076%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.076%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 221 (16.69%) Amazon AWS
2 111 (8.38%) Microsoft Azure
3 67 (5.06%) Serverless
4 55 (4.15%) AWS Lambda
5 34 (2.57%) GitHub
6 33 (2.49%) Amazon SQS
6 33 (2.49%) Google Cloud Platform
7 30 (2.27%) AWS CloudFormation
8 22 (1.66%) Slack
9 18 (1.36%) PaaS
10 14 (1.06%) Azure Functions
10 14 (1.06%) SaaS
11 13 (0.98%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 13 (0.98%) Amazon S3
11 13 (0.98%) Cloud Computing
12 12 (0.91%) Amazon EC2
13 11 (0.83%) Google Analytics
13 11 (0.83%) IaaS
14 10 (0.76%) Amazon Kinesis
14 10 (0.76%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 37 (2.79%) TCP/IP
2 35 (2.64%) HTTP
3 25 (1.89%) Internet
4 18 (1.36%) Wireless
5 15 (1.13%) SSL
6 14 (1.06%) Firewall
6 14 (1.06%) Wi-Fi
7 9 (0.68%) Tactical Data Link
8 8 (0.60%) Bluetooth
9 7 (0.53%) Ethernet
9 7 (0.53%) LTE
10 6 (0.45%) SNMP
10 6 (0.45%) VoIP
11 5 (0.38%) 3G
11 5 (0.38%) 4G
11 5 (0.38%) 5G
11 5 (0.38%) GSM
11 5 (0.38%) SSH
12 4 (0.30%) AMQP
12 4 (0.30%) DLNA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 124 (9.37%) MongoDB
2 112 (8.46%) NoSQL
3 105 (7.93%) MySQL
4 87 (6.57%) Big Data
5 83 (6.27%) SQL Server
6 78 (5.89%) PostgreSQL
7 76 (5.74%) Hadoop
8 74 (5.59%) Relational Database
9 37 (2.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 31 (2.34%) RDBMS
11 30 (2.27%) Apache Hive
12 27 (2.04%) Apache Cassandra
13 20 (1.51%) Oracle Database
14 18 (1.36%) Neo4j
15 17 (1.28%) Redis
16 15 (1.13%) Data Warehouse
17 13 (0.98%) Couchbase
18 10 (0.76%) GIS
18 10 (0.76%) SQL Server 2008
19 9 (0.68%) HBase
Development Applications
1 216 (16.31%) Git (software)
2 130 (9.82%) Jenkins
3 89 (6.72%) Maven
4 77 (5.82%) JIRA
5 76 (5.74%) Visual Studio
6 73 (5.51%) Selenium
7 56 (4.23%) Cucumber
8 48 (3.63%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 45 (3.40%) Gatling
10 44 (3.32%) Hudson
10 44 (3.32%) Subversion
11 40 (3.02%) Artifactory
12 38 (2.87%) JUnit
12 38 (2.87%) Rational DOORS
13 29 (2.19%) Bitbucket
14 26 (1.96%) IntelliJ
15 25 (1.89%) Ant
15 25 (1.89%) Rational Rhapsody
16 24 (1.81%) Gradle
17 23 (1.74%) TeamCity
General
1 127 (9.59%) Finance
2 69 (5.21%) Banking
3 58 (4.38%) Front Office
4 56 (4.23%) Electronics
5 44 (3.32%) Automotive
6 42 (3.17%) Law
7 40 (3.02%) Manufacturing
8 39 (2.95%) Retail
9 27 (2.04%) Aerospace
10 24 (1.81%) Telecoms
11 17 (1.28%) Games
12 15 (1.13%) Marketing
13 11 (0.83%) Avionics
14 9 (0.68%) Legal
15 8 (0.60%) Back Office
16 7 (0.53%) Investment Banking
16 7 (0.53%) Publishing
17 6 (0.45%) French Language
17 6 (0.45%) Military
18 3 (0.23%) German Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 191 (14.43%) .NET
2 177 (13.37%) AngularJS
3 168 (12.69%) Node.js
4 160 (12.08%) HTML
5 140 (10.57%) REST
6 138 (10.42%) React
7 131 (9.89%) Web Services
8 130 (9.82%) Spring
9 125 (9.44%) CSS
10 73 (5.51%) RESTful
11 71 (5.36%) Kafka
12 66 (4.98%) Spring Boot
13 64 (4.83%) HTML5
14 62 (4.68%) ASP.NET
15 61 (4.61%) JSON
16 51 (3.85%) NumPy
17 49 (3.70%) RabbitMQ
17 49 (3.70%) WPF
18 46 (3.47%) XML
19 45 (3.40%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 73 (5.51%) User Experience
2 69 (5.21%) Greenfield Project
3 58 (4.38%) Analytical Skills
4 54 (4.08%) Algorithms
5 44 (3.32%) Embedded Systems
6 39 (2.95%) Self-Motivation
7 33 (2.49%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 31 (2.34%) Derivative
9 26 (1.96%) Fixed Income
10 21 (1.59%) Equities
11 20 (1.51%) Device Driver
11 20 (1.51%) Mobile App
12 18 (1.36%) Cloud Native
12 18 (1.36%) Public Cloud
13 16 (1.21%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
13 16 (1.21%) Fintech
13 16 (1.21%) Hedge funds
14 14 (1.06%) Data Structures
15 13 (0.98%) Exotic Derivative
16 12 (0.91%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 309 (23.34%) Linux
2 129 (9.74%) Windows
3 65 (4.91%) Unix
4 58 (4.38%) Embedded Linux
5 39 (2.95%) Android
6 22 (1.66%) Apple iOS
6 22 (1.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (0.76%) Ubuntu
8 9 (0.68%) CentOS
9 8 (0.60%) VxWorks
10 5 (0.38%) FreeRTOS
10 5 (0.38%) Mac OS X
10 5 (0.38%) Nucleus RTOS
10 5 (0.38%) Windows Server
11 4 (0.30%) SafeRTOS
11 4 (0.30%) Windows Embedded Compact
12 3 (0.23%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.23%) Windows 7
12 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.15%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,278 (96.53%) Software Engineering
2 584 (44.11%) Agile Software Development
3 245 (18.50%) Microservices
4 231 (17.45%) TDD
5 189 (14.27%) DevOps
6 175 (13.22%) Test Automation
7 166 (12.54%) Computer Science
8 163 (12.31%) Scrum
9 145 (10.95%) OO
10 142 (10.73%) Continuous Integration
10 142 (10.73%) Problem-Solving
11 137 (10.35%) BDD
12 111 (8.38%) Unit Testing
13 84 (6.34%) UML
14 83 (6.27%) MVC
14 83 (6.27%) SDLC
15 78 (5.89%) Multithreading
16 76 (5.74%) Mentoring
17 74 (5.59%) Configuration Management
18 72 (5.44%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 476 (35.95%) Java
2 400 (30.21%) C++
3 320 (24.17%) Python
4 289 (21.83%) JavaScript
5 255 (19.26%) C#
6 236 (17.82%) C
7 205 (15.48%) SQL
8 96 (7.25%) Embedded C
9 84 (6.34%) Java 8
10 57 (4.31%) Go
11 54 (4.08%) ES6
12 47 (3.55%) PHP
13 45 (3.40%) Embedded C++
14 43 (3.25%) Scala
15 33 (2.49%) Bash Shell
16 32 (2.42%) MATLAB
17 29 (2.19%) PowerShell
17 29 (2.19%) Ruby
17 29 (2.19%) TypeScript
18 23 (1.74%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 165 (12.46%) Degree
2 151 (11.40%) Security Cleared
3 115 (8.69%) SC Cleared
4 65 (4.91%) Computer Science Degree
5 34 (2.57%) AWS Certification
6 17 (1.28%) Master's Degree
7 12 (0.91%) PhD
8 8 (0.60%) Sun Certification
9 7 (0.53%) DV Cleared
10 5 (0.38%) BPSS Clearance
11 4 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
12 3 (0.23%) CCNA
12 3 (0.23%) Cisco Certification
12 3 (0.23%) CISSP
12 3 (0.23%) CompTIA Security+
12 3 (0.23%) GIAC
12 3 (0.23%) Linux+ Certification
12 3 (0.23%) Network+ Certification
12 3 (0.23%) SANS
12 3 (0.23%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (2.57%) QA
2 23 (1.74%) MISRA
3 13 (0.98%) MISRA C
4 10 (0.76%) DO-178B
5 3 (0.23%) ARP4754
5 3 (0.23%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.15%) GDPR
6 2 (0.15%) ISO 26262
6 2 (0.15%) MIL-STD-498
6 2 (0.15%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.076%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 1 (0.076%) DO-160
7 1 (0.076%) DO-254
7 1 (0.076%) IEC 61508
7 1 (0.076%) IEC 62304
7 1 (0.076%) PMO
7 1 (0.076%) PSD2
7 1 (0.076%) SLA
System Software
1 183 (13.82%) Docker
2 23 (1.74%) Firmware
3 4 (0.30%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
3 4 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
3 4 (0.30%) vSphere
4 3 (0.23%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.23%) HDFS
5 2 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.076%) OpenAM
6 1 (0.076%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.076%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 82 (6.19%) Terraform
2 61 (4.61%) Kubernetes
3 54 (4.08%) Ansible
4 39 (2.95%) Puppet
5 19 (1.44%) Grafana
6 10 (0.76%) Kibana
6 10 (0.76%) Mesos
7 5 (0.38%) Graylog
7 5 (0.38%) Opscode Chef
8 4 (0.30%) Tivoli
9 3 (0.23%) Salt
9 3 (0.23%) SELinux
10 2 (0.15%) Docker Swarm
10 2 (0.15%) Graphite
10 2 (0.15%) Marathon
10 2 (0.15%) Oozie
10 2 (0.15%) Packer
10 2 (0.15%) Single Sign-On
11 1 (0.076%) confd
11 1 (0.076%) Istio
Vendors
1 88 (6.65%) Oracle
2 67 (5.06%) Microsoft
3 57 (4.31%) Google
4 17 (1.28%) IBM
5 15 (1.13%) Red Hat
6 14 (1.06%) Salesforce.com
7 10 (0.76%) Adobe
8 9 (0.68%) Atlassian
8 9 (0.68%) Serena
8 9 (0.68%) Splunk
8 9 (0.68%) Tableau
9 8 (0.60%) Telerik
9 8 (0.60%) WSO2
10 7 (0.53%) Green Hills
10 7 (0.53%) Rackspace
11 5 (0.38%) Databricks
11 5 (0.38%) New Relic
11 5 (0.38%) Pega
11 5 (0.38%) SAP
11 5 (0.38%) ServiceNow