Period
to 29 September 2020

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 29 September 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
UK > England
6 months to
29 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 121 166 196
Rank change year-on-year +45 +30 +66
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 558 1,347 1,360
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.16% 1.71% 1.46%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.33% 1.81% 1.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 445 612 746
Median daily rate £525 £450 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +16.67% -5.26% +7.95%
10th Percentile £375 £316 £325
90th Percentile £763 £625 £628
UK median daily rate £525 £450 £475
% change year-on-year +16.67% -5.26% +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 60 184 200
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £44.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.26% +6.15% +5.29%
10th Percentile £40.90 £41.25 £34.81
90th Percentile £51.83 £53.75 £51.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £44.39
% change year-on-year -5.26% +7.02% +4.44%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 23,938 74,385 88,037
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.51% 94.19% 94.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,326 49,424 58,607
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
10th Percentile £263 £263 £275
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 933 2,484 2,790
Median hourly rate £30.00 £20.00 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +50.00% +11.11% -3.74%
10th Percentile £11.63 £11.17 £11.00
90th Percentile £53.75 £53.75 £48.75
Median hourly rate £30.00 £20.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +50.00% +14.29% -7.89%

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer in England.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineer in England over the 6 months to 29 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineer in England over the 6 months to 29 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the England region over the 6 months to 29 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +125 366 £575 +4.55% 257
South East +31 58 £455 +7.06% 150
South West -28 38 £450 +5.88% 75
East of England +4 37 £413 +3.13% 82
North of England +49 36 £413 -2.94% 116
North West +63 27 £413 -2.94% 63
Midlands +28 18 £450 +6.51% 69
West Midlands +18 15 £450 +12.50% 43
Yorkshire +31 8 £375 -6.25% 40
East Midlands +46 3 - - 26
North East +38 1 £500 +5.26% 13
Software Engineer
UK

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 29 September 2020, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 543 (97.31%) Software Engineering
2 300 (53.76%) Agile Software Development
2 300 (53.76%) Java
3 276 (49.46%) AWS
4 256 (45.88%) Finance
5 253 (45.34%) Python
6 249 (44.62%) Web Services
7 233 (41.76%) Asset Management
8 214 (38.35%) JavaScript
9 180 (32.26%) Hedge funds
10 173 (31.00%) React
11 170 (30.47%) AngularJS
12 168 (30.11%) SQL
13 158 (28.32%) Front Office
14 154 (27.60%) Investment Management
15 152 (27.24%) Fixed Income
16 149 (26.70%) Derivative
17 139 (24.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 138 (24.73%) Vue.js
18 138 (24.73%) Microservices
19 135 (24.19%) Equities
19 135 (24.19%) Azure
20 119 (21.33%) Banking
21 115 (20.61%) Serverless
22 114 (20.43%) DevOps
23 103 (18.46%) AWS Lambda
24 100 (17.92%) C#
25 94 (16.85%) C++
25 94 (16.85%) GCP
26 88 (15.77%) Google

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (10.39%) Apache
2 16 (2.87%) Confluence
3 12 (2.15%) Elasticsearch
4 9 (1.61%) WebLogic
5 7 (1.25%) Tomcat
6 6 (1.08%) CMS
7 4 (0.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 3 (0.54%) Apache Spark
8 3 (0.54%) SAS
9 2 (0.36%) Apache Airflow
9 2 (0.36%) IIS
10 1 (0.18%) Cloud Foundry
10 1 (0.18%) DNN
10 1 (0.18%) JBoss
10 1 (0.18%) MQSeries
10 1 (0.18%) Predix
10 1 (0.18%) SharePoint
10 1 (0.18%) ThingWorx
10 1 (0.18%) WordPress
Applications
1 8 (1.43%) Simulink
2 4 (0.72%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.72%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
3 1 (0.18%) Adobe Premiere
3 1 (0.18%) AutoCAD
3 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.18%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.18%) PTC Creo
3 1 (0.18%) Siemens NX
3 1 (0.18%) Sketch
3 1 (0.18%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 2 (0.36%) Oracle ERP
1 2 (0.36%) SAP ERP
2 1 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.18%) Dynamics NAV
2 1 (0.18%) Teamcenter
2 1 (0.18%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 276 (49.46%) AWS
2 135 (24.19%) Azure
3 115 (20.61%) Serverless
4 103 (18.46%) AWS Lambda
5 94 (16.85%) GCP
6 55 (9.86%) Amazon EC2
7 52 (9.32%) Amazon S3
8 42 (7.53%) Amazon ECS
9 41 (7.35%) Apigee
10 9 (1.61%) GitHub
10 9 (1.61%) OpenShift
10 9 (1.61%) SaaS
11 8 (1.43%) PaaS
12 6 (1.08%) BrowserStack
13 5 (0.90%) AWS CloudFormation
14 4 (0.72%) Cloud Computing
14 4 (0.72%) Slack
15 3 (0.54%) Azure Functions
15 3 (0.54%) Power Platform
16 2 (0.36%) Kong
Communications & Networking
1 13 (2.33%) Wireless
2 7 (1.25%) RS-485
2 7 (1.25%) TCP/IP
2 7 (1.25%) Wi-Fi
3 6 (1.08%) 5G
4 5 (0.90%) RS-232
5 4 (0.72%) 3G
5 4 (0.72%) 4G
5 4 (0.72%) Modbus
5 4 (0.72%) WAN
6 3 (0.54%) Bluetooth
6 3 (0.54%) DHCP
6 3 (0.54%) LTE
6 3 (0.54%) RS-422
6 3 (0.54%) ZigBee
7 2 (0.36%) HTTPS
7 2 (0.36%) IPv4
7 2 (0.36%) LAN
7 2 (0.36%) SNMP
7 2 (0.36%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 85 (15.23%) SQL Server
2 70 (12.54%) PostgreSQL
3 67 (12.01%) MySQL
4 52 (9.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 42 (7.53%) Amazon Redshift
6 34 (6.09%) Relational Database
7 27 (4.84%) Amazon Aurora
8 26 (4.66%) RDBMS
9 22 (3.94%) NoSQL
10 18 (3.23%) Amazon RDS
11 13 (2.33%) Big Data
12 12 (2.15%) MongoDB
13 8 (1.43%) Redis
14 6 (1.08%) Apache Ignite
14 6 (1.08%) Data Warehouse
14 6 (1.08%) Neo4j
15 4 (0.72%) Oracle Database
15 4 (0.72%) Pentaho
16 3 (0.54%) Apache Cassandra
16 3 (0.54%) BusinessObjects XI
Development Applications
1 65 (11.65%) Jenkins
2 49 (8.78%) Git (software)
2 49 (8.78%) GitLab
3 42 (7.53%) Artifactory
4 21 (3.76%) JIRA
5 19 (3.41%) Cucumber
5 19 (3.41%) Visual Studio
6 17 (3.05%) RStudio
7 16 (2.87%) JUnit
7 16 (2.87%) Selenium
8 11 (1.97%) Postman
9 10 (1.79%) SpecFlow
10 9 (1.61%) Maven
10 9 (1.61%) Mocha
11 8 (1.43%) Eclipse
12 7 (1.25%) Rational Rhapsody
13 6 (1.08%) PVCS
13 6 (1.08%) Subversion
14 5 (0.90%) IntelliJ
14 5 (0.90%) Mockito
General
1 256 (45.88%) Finance
2 158 (28.32%) Front Office
3 119 (21.33%) Banking
4 54 (9.68%) Investment Banking
5 15 (2.69%) Law
6 13 (2.33%) Electronics
6 13 (2.33%) Public Sector
7 9 (1.61%) Aerospace
7 9 (1.61%) Telecoms
8 4 (0.72%) Marketing
8 4 (0.72%) Retail
9 3 (0.54%) Games
10 2 (0.36%) Avionics
10 2 (0.36%) French Language
10 2 (0.36%) Manufacturing
10 2 (0.36%) Publishing
11 1 (0.18%) German Language
11 1 (0.18%) Music Industry
11 1 (0.18%) Portuguese Language
11 1 (0.18%) Spanish Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 249 (44.62%) Web Services
2 173 (31.00%) React
3 170 (30.47%) AngularJS
4 138 (24.73%) Vue.js
5 73 (13.08%) .NET
6 68 (12.19%) gRPC
7 47 (8.42%) ASP.NET
7 47 (8.42%) Swagger
8 46 (8.24%) Node.js
9 43 (7.71%) .NET Core
9 43 (7.71%) OAuth
9 43 (7.71%) Spring
10 36 (6.45%) ASP.NET Core
11 29 (5.20%) CSS
12 28 (5.02%) HTML
13 20 (3.58%) J2EE
14 19 (3.41%) REST
14 19 (3.41%) XML
15 15 (2.69%) RESTful
16 14 (2.51%) J2SE
Miscellaneous
1 180 (32.26%) Hedge funds
2 152 (27.24%) Fixed Income
3 149 (26.70%) Derivative
4 139 (24.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 135 (24.19%) Equities
6 69 (12.37%) Greenfield Project
7 32 (5.73%) Analytical Skills
8 16 (2.87%) Credit Derivative
9 14 (2.51%) Pricing Data
10 13 (2.33%) Algorithms
11 12 (2.15%) Reference Data
12 9 (1.61%) Blog
13 8 (1.43%) Mobile App
13 8 (1.43%) User Experience
14 6 (1.08%) Device Driver
14 6 (1.08%) Self-Motivation
15 4 (0.72%) Hybrid Cloud
15 4 (0.72%) Virtual Team
16 3 (0.54%) Cloud Native
16 3 (0.54%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 51 (9.14%) Linux
2 16 (2.87%) Windows
3 12 (2.15%) Android
3 12 (2.15%) Unix
4 8 (1.43%) Embedded Linux
5 6 (1.08%) OpenVMS
6 5 (0.90%) Apple iOS
6 5 (0.90%) FreeRTOS
7 3 (0.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.36%) Windows 10
8 2 (0.36%) Windows Server 2012
8 2 (0.36%) Windows Server 2016
9 1 (0.18%) AIX
9 1 (0.18%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.18%) SafeRTOS
9 1 (0.18%) VMS
9 1 (0.18%) VxWorks
9 1 (0.18%) Windows 7
9 1 (0.18%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 543 (97.31%) Software Engineering
2 300 (53.76%) Agile Software Development
3 233 (41.76%) Asset Management
4 154 (27.60%) Investment Management
5 138 (24.73%) Microservices
6 114 (20.43%) DevOps
7 60 (10.75%) Fintech
8 44 (7.89%) Migration
9 41 (7.35%) TDD
10 37 (6.63%) Test Automation
11 34 (6.09%) Portfolio Management
12 32 (5.73%) Problem-Solving
13 29 (5.20%) Scrum
14 28 (5.02%) UML
15 27 (4.84%) Decision-Making
16 26 (4.66%) Unit Testing
17 25 (4.48%) Continuous Integration
18 23 (4.12%) Machine Learning
19 22 (3.94%) Front End Development
20 21 (3.76%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 300 (53.76%) Java
2 253 (45.34%) Python
3 214 (38.35%) JavaScript
4 168 (30.11%) SQL
5 100 (17.92%) C#
6 94 (16.85%) C++
7 84 (15.05%) C
8 63 (11.29%) Kotlin
9 32 (5.73%) TypeScript
10 22 (3.94%) Embedded C
11 17 (3.05%) R
12 16 (2.87%) Ada
13 15 (2.69%) Scala
14 14 (2.51%) MATLAB
15 13 (2.33%) PHP
16 12 (2.15%) Go
17 11 (1.97%) PL/SQL
18 9 (1.61%) Java 8
19 6 (1.08%) Embedded C++
19 6 (1.08%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 53 (9.50%) Security Cleared
2 43 (7.71%) SC Cleared
3 14 (2.51%) Degree
4 9 (1.61%) ISTQB
5 7 (1.25%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (0.90%) DV Cleared
6 5 (0.90%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
7 4 (0.72%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 3 (0.54%) Computer Science Degree
8 3 (0.54%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.36%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.18%) Chartered Engineer
10 1 (0.18%) HNC
10 1 (0.18%) HND
10 1 (0.18%) PhD
10 1 (0.18%) RHCSA
10 1 (0.18%) VCAP
10 1 (0.18%) VCDX
10 1 (0.18%) VCP6
10 1 (0.18%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (2.69%) Data Quality
2 12 (2.15%) QA
3 3 (0.54%) DO-178B
3 3 (0.54%) MISRA
4 1 (0.18%) Def Stans
4 1 (0.18%) GDPR
4 1 (0.18%) IEC 62304
4 1 (0.18%) ISO 9000
4 1 (0.18%) JTAG
4 1 (0.18%) TickIT
4 1 (0.18%) WCAG
System Software
1 81 (14.52%) Docker
2 9 (1.61%) Firmware
3 3 (0.54%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.36%) Hyper-V
4 2 (0.36%) Virtual Desktop
4 2 (0.36%) VMware ESXi
4 2 (0.36%) vSphere
5 1 (0.18%) DFS Replication
5 1 (0.18%) Microsoft App-V
5 1 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
5 1 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.18%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 82 (14.70%) Kubernetes
2 13 (2.33%) Terraform
3 6 (1.08%) Ansible
3 6 (1.08%) Graphite
4 2 (0.36%) CFEngine
4 2 (0.36%) Puppet
4 2 (0.36%) SCCM
5 1 (0.18%) Grafana
5 1 (0.18%) HP Quality Center
5 1 (0.18%) ITRS Geneos
5 1 (0.18%) Kibana
5 1 (0.18%) logstash
5 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
5 1 (0.18%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (0.18%) SCDPM
5 1 (0.18%) SCOM
5 1 (0.18%) SCSM
5 1 (0.18%) SCVMM
5 1 (0.18%) Tivoli
5 1 (0.18%) WSUS
Vendors
1 88 (15.77%) Google
2 87 (15.59%) Oracle
3 25 (4.48%) Microsoft
4 14 (2.51%) Sybase
5 8 (1.43%) Splunk
6 7 (1.25%) Atlassian
6 7 (1.25%) Atmel
7 5 (0.90%) IBM
7 5 (0.90%) SAP
8 4 (0.72%) Talend
9 3 (0.54%) Bloomberg
9 3 (0.54%) FXall
9 3 (0.54%) hybris
9 3 (0.54%) Informatica
9 3 (0.54%) Red Hat
9 3 (0.54%) Salesforce.com
9 3 (0.54%) Sony
10 2 (0.36%) CA
10 2 (0.36%) MuleSoft
10 2 (0.36%) VMware