Period
to 25 October 2021

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £575 per day in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
England > London
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 121 97 202
Rank change year-on-year -24 +105 +48
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 819 392 491
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.28% 2.77% 1.35%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.45% 3.02% 1.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 677 336 245
10th Percentile £438 £438 £378
25th Percentile £500 £488 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £600 £550
Median % change year-on-year -4.17% +9.09% +4.76%
75th Percentile £700 £713 £613
90th Percentile £713 £800 £675
England median daily rate £550 £550 £450
% change year-on-year - +22.22% -5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 4 25
10th Percentile £44.03 £43.31 £41.00
25th Percentile £46.69 £43.41 £44.25
Median hourly rate £52.50 £46.71 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +12.39% -6.58% +8.70%
75th Percentile £61.35 £56.54 £52.50
90th Percentile £66.33 £67.62 £54.50
England median hourly rate £49.00 £45.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year +8.89% -5.26% +6.15%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
London
Contract vacancies in London with a recognized job title 33,439 12,974 34,256
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.02% 91.72% 93.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,293 9,380 25,065
10th Percentile £358 £313 £313
25th Percentile £450 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £650 £613 £600
90th Percentile £738 £713 £688
England median daily rate £505 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +6.32% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 315 96 432
10th Percentile £13.93 £16.13 £12.06
25th Percentile £19.00 £20.94 £15.50
Median hourly rate £30.00 £35.25 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -14.89% +67.86% +12.30%
75th Percentile £52.50 £45.38 £43.75
90th Percentile £66.05 £56.50 £52.50
England median hourly rate £19.52 £22.00 £18.70
% change year-on-year -11.27% +17.65% +6.86%

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in London

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer in London.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineer in London

Software Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineer in London over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in London

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer in London.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in London

Software Engineer
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineer in London over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in London

Software Engineer
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the London region over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -13 64 £606 +5.43% 145
South London +8 12 £550 +22.22% 12
East London -7 7 £504 +6.05% 39
West London -18 4 £405 -5.59% 59
Software Engineer
England

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 791 (96.58%) Software Engineering
2 480 (58.61%) Agile Software Development
3 437 (53.36%) AWS
4 390 (47.62%) JavaScript
5 367 (44.81%) Finance
6 361 (44.08%) React
7 335 (40.90%) Full Stack Development
8 303 (37.00%) Web Services
9 298 (36.39%) Serverless
10 286 (34.92%) Asset Management
11 283 (34.55%) Java
11 283 (34.55%) TypeScript
12 280 (34.19%) Docker
13 254 (31.01%) Python
14 253 (30.89%) Node.js
15 246 (30.04%) Kubernetes
16 243 (29.67%) Front Office
17 232 (28.33%) AWS Lambda
18 212 (25.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 204 (24.91%) Amazon S3
20 198 (24.18%) SQL
21 194 (23.69%) Investment Management
22 182 (22.22%) Terraform
23 179 (21.86%) Material-UI
24 162 (19.78%) Azure
25 143 (17.46%) Amazon SQS
26 142 (17.34%) Microservices
27 141 (17.22%) AWS Step Functions
28 135 (16.48%) Amazon RDS
29 134 (16.36%) .NET

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (4.52%) Apache
2 32 (3.91%) Apache Airflow
3 14 (1.71%) Elasticsearch
4 12 (1.47%) Apache Spark
5 10 (1.22%) Tomcat
6 8 (0.98%) Confluence
7 7 (0.85%) Cloud Foundry
8 6 (0.73%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 3 (0.37%) BizTalk Server
9 3 (0.37%) IIS
10 2 (0.24%) CMS
10 2 (0.24%) SharePoint
11 1 (0.12%) ColdFusion
11 1 (0.12%) Drupal
11 1 (0.12%) Headless CMS
11 1 (0.12%) MS Exchange
11 1 (0.12%) OpenStack
11 1 (0.12%) SAS
11 1 (0.12%) WebLogic
Applications
1 2 (0.24%) Figma
1 2 (0.24%) Sketch
1 2 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
2 1 (0.12%) Adobe XD
2 1 (0.12%) InVision
2 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (0.12%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
1 1 (0.12%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 437 (53.36%) AWS
2 298 (36.39%) Serverless
3 232 (28.33%) AWS Lambda
4 204 (24.91%) Amazon S3
5 162 (19.78%) Azure
6 143 (17.46%) Amazon SQS
7 141 (17.22%) AWS Step Functions
8 108 (13.19%) GCP
9 62 (7.57%) Amazon EC2
10 24 (2.93%) GitHub
11 21 (2.56%) PaaS
12 15 (1.83%) Heroku
12 15 (1.83%) IaaS
13 14 (1.71%) AWS CloudFormation
14 12 (1.47%) Slack
15 11 (1.34%) Apigee
15 11 (1.34%) Azure Key Vault
15 11 (1.34%) BrowserStack
16 10 (1.22%) SaaS
17 9 (1.10%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 27 (3.30%) HTTP
2 11 (1.34%) HTTPS
3 4 (0.49%) Kerberos
3 4 (0.49%) Wi-Fi
4 3 (0.37%) WAN
4 3 (0.37%) Wireless
5 2 (0.24%) 3GPP
5 2 (0.24%) DHCP
5 2 (0.24%) DVB
5 2 (0.24%) FTP
5 2 (0.24%) Internet
5 2 (0.24%) IPv4
5 2 (0.24%) IPv6
5 2 (0.24%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.12%) 3G
6 1 (0.12%) 802.11
6 1 (0.12%) Bluetooth
6 1 (0.12%) DNS
6 1 (0.12%) Ethernet
6 1 (0.12%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 212 (25.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 135 (16.48%) Amazon RDS
3 55 (6.72%) NoSQL
4 41 (5.01%) PostgreSQL
5 38 (4.64%) MongoDB
5 38 (4.64%) SQL Server
6 30 (3.66%) MySQL
7 28 (3.42%) Relational Database
8 26 (3.17%) Big Data
9 23 (2.81%) Amazon Athena
9 23 (2.81%) Apache Ignite
10 19 (2.32%) Redis
11 17 (2.08%) Azure SQL Database
12 13 (1.59%) Apache Hive
13 12 (1.47%) Neo4j
14 11 (1.34%) Hadoop
15 8 (0.98%) Data Warehouse
16 6 (0.73%) Apache Cassandra
16 6 (0.73%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
16 6 (0.73%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 99 (12.09%) Git (software)
2 54 (6.59%) Jenkins
3 33 (4.03%) JIRA
4 27 (3.30%) Maven
5 22 (2.69%) JMeter
6 20 (2.44%) Selenium
7 19 (2.32%) GitLab
7 19 (2.32%) Mocha
8 18 (2.20%) Cucumber
8 18 (2.20%) JUnit
9 13 (1.59%) Cypress.io
9 13 (1.59%) REST Assured
10 12 (1.47%) Mockito
10 12 (1.47%) Sonatype Nexus
11 11 (1.34%) Gatling
11 11 (1.34%) Spock
12 10 (1.22%) Bitbucket
12 10 (1.22%) Subversion
13 9 (1.10%) Gradle
13 9 (1.10%) IntelliJ
General
1 367 (44.81%) Finance
2 243 (29.67%) Front Office
3 74 (9.04%) Social Skills
4 32 (3.91%) Analytical Skills
5 24 (2.93%) Banking
6 19 (2.32%) Retail
7 18 (2.20%) Public Sector
8 14 (1.71%) Law
9 8 (0.98%) Marketing
9 8 (0.98%) Telecoms
10 7 (0.85%) Financial Institution
11 6 (0.73%) Games
11 6 (0.73%) Investment Banking
11 6 (0.73%) Manufacturing
11 6 (0.73%) Pharmaceutical
12 5 (0.61%) Documentation Skills
12 5 (0.61%) Presentation Skills
13 4 (0.49%) Back Office
13 4 (0.49%) Organisational Skills
14 3 (0.37%) Legal
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 361 (44.08%) React
2 303 (37.00%) Web Services
3 253 (30.89%) Node.js
4 179 (21.86%) Material-UI
5 134 (16.36%) .NET
6 105 (12.82%) AngularJS
7 86 (10.50%) REST
8 65 (7.94%) Kafka
9 63 (7.69%) .NET Core
10 60 (7.33%) Vue.js
11 57 (6.96%) Spring
12 53 (6.47%) Spring Boot
13 43 (5.25%) React Native
13 43 (5.25%) RESTful
14 40 (4.88%) GraphQL
15 38 (4.64%) CSS
16 37 (4.52%) HTML
17 26 (3.17%) SOAP
18 19 (2.32%) JSON
19 18 (2.20%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 91 (11.11%) Equities
2 87 (10.62%) Derivative
2 87 (10.62%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 85 (10.38%) Fixed Income
4 44 (5.37%) Hedge funds
4 44 (5.37%) User Experience
5 27 (3.30%) Greenfield Project
6 25 (3.05%) Cloud Native
7 23 (2.81%) Data Structures
8 17 (2.08%) Algorithms
9 16 (1.95%) Self-Motivation
10 12 (1.47%) CMDB
10 12 (1.47%) Credit Derivative
10 12 (1.47%) Data Protection Act
11 6 (0.73%) Enterprise Software
11 6 (0.73%) Mobile App
12 5 (0.61%) Legacy Systems
12 5 (0.61%) Management Information System
12 5 (0.61%) Virtual Team
13 4 (0.49%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 53 (6.47%) Linux
2 37 (4.52%) Windows
3 18 (2.20%) Unix
4 11 (1.34%) Android
5 9 (1.10%) Apple iOS
6 7 (0.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (0.37%) Embedded Linux
8 2 (0.24%) OpenWrt
8 2 (0.24%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.24%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.12%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 791 (96.58%) Software Engineering
2 480 (58.61%) Agile Software Development
3 335 (40.90%) Full Stack Development
4 286 (34.92%) Asset Management
5 194 (23.69%) Investment Management
6 142 (17.34%) Microservices
7 112 (13.68%) DevOps
8 103 (12.58%) TDD
9 84 (10.26%) Test Automation
10 69 (8.42%) Scrum
11 65 (7.94%) Analytics
12 60 (7.33%) SDLC
13 53 (6.47%) Software Testing
14 46 (5.62%) Problem-Solving
15 38 (4.64%) Continuous Delivery
15 38 (4.64%) Web Application Development
16 37 (4.52%) BDD
16 37 (4.52%) Computer Science
17 36 (4.40%) Continuous Improvement
17 36 (4.40%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 390 (47.62%) JavaScript
2 283 (34.55%) Java
2 283 (34.55%) TypeScript
3 254 (31.01%) Python
4 198 (24.18%) SQL
5 127 (15.51%) C#
6 82 (10.01%) Kotlin
7 29 (3.54%) C++
8 24 (2.93%) Scala
9 22 (2.69%) Go
10 20 (2.44%) Java 8
11 16 (1.95%) C
11 16 (1.95%) Ruby
12 15 (1.83%) PL/SQL
13 10 (1.22%) Bash Shell
14 9 (1.10%) PHP
15 8 (0.98%) Shell Script
16 7 (0.85%) Apple Swift
16 7 (0.85%) Java 11
16 7 (0.85%) Perl
Qualifications
1 37 (4.52%) Security Cleared
2 27 (3.30%) SC Cleared
3 26 (3.17%) Degree
4 13 (1.59%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (1.47%) DV Cleared
6 4 (0.49%) ISTQB
6 4 (0.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 2 (0.24%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.12%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.12%) CCNA
8 1 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.12%) ITIL Certification
8 1 (0.12%) VCAP
8 1 (0.12%) VCDX
8 1 (0.12%) VCP6
8 1 (0.12%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 43 (5.25%) QA
2 12 (1.47%) Accessibility
3 4 (0.49%) WCAG
4 3 (0.37%) GDPR
5 2 (0.24%) GRC
6 1 (0.12%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.12%) MiFID
System Software
1 280 (34.19%) Docker
2 5 (0.61%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 3 (0.37%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.37%) HDFS
4 2 (0.24%) NFS
5 1 (0.12%) Firmware
5 1 (0.12%) iptables
5 1 (0.12%) KVM
5 1 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
5 1 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.12%) vSphere
5 1 (0.12%) Xen
Systems Management
1 246 (30.04%) Kubernetes
2 182 (22.22%) Terraform
3 24 (2.93%) Prometheus
4 21 (2.56%) Grafana
5 16 (1.95%) Ansible
6 12 (1.47%) MIIS
7 9 (1.10%) Graphite
8 8 (0.98%) Oozie
9 7 (0.85%) Single Sign-On
10 5 (0.61%) Bosun
10 5 (0.61%) Rancher
10 5 (0.61%) VictorOps
11 4 (0.49%) Kibana
12 3 (0.37%) logstash
12 3 (0.37%) Puppet
13 2 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
13 2 (0.24%) Microsoft Intune
13 2 (0.24%) Packer
14 1 (0.12%) Istio
14 1 (0.12%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 26 (3.17%) Oracle
2 19 (2.32%) Microsoft
3 15 (1.83%) Splunk
4 11 (1.34%) Confluent
4 11 (1.34%) Perfecto Mobile
5 9 (1.10%) Adobe
6 8 (0.98%) Google
7 5 (0.61%) Xamarin
8 4 (0.49%) CA
8 4 (0.49%) CA Agile Central
8 4 (0.49%) MuleSoft
9 3 (0.37%) Databricks
9 3 (0.37%) Sybase
10 2 (0.24%) Alibaba
10 2 (0.24%) Apple
10 2 (0.24%) Dynatrace
10 2 (0.24%) NetApp
10 2 (0.24%) Red Hat
10 2 (0.24%) SAP
10 2 (0.24%) VMware