Period
to 18 April 2021

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £550 per day in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 18 April 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
England > London
6 months to
18 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 114 169 274
Rank change year-on-year +55 +105 +39
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 511 365 405
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.32% 1.55% 0.96%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.51% 1.66% 1.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 415 259 253
10th Percentile £411 £404 £385
25th Percentile £447 £475 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +0.96%
75th Percentile £675 £630 £588
90th Percentile £700 £720 £663
England median daily rate £510 £500 £450
% change year-on-year +2.00% +11.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 22 38
10th Percentile £26.93 £38.87 £27.50
25th Percentile £29.61 £44.99 £33.56
Median hourly rate £43.50 £49.43 £44.42
Median % change year-on-year -11.99% +11.28% -1.30%
75th Percentile £46.63 £53.75 £53.75
90th Percentile £47.04 £65.28 "
England median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
London
Contract vacancies in London with a recognized job title 20,345 22,016 40,047
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.52% 93.37% 94.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,708 15,982 29,104
10th Percentile £325 £300 £313
25th Percentile £413 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £520 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% - -
75th Percentile £619 £600 £600
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
England median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 208 300 473
10th Percentile £16.77 £12.98 £12.25
25th Percentile £21.25 £16.75 £15.00
Median hourly rate £31.18 £24.00 £20.75
Median % change year-on-year +29.90% +15.66% +3.59%
75th Percentile £51.13 £47.04 £34.51
90th Percentile £65.98 £61.25 £48.47
England median hourly rate £22.00 £18.70 £18.00
% change year-on-year +17.65% +3.89% +2.04%

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in London

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer in London.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineer in London

Software Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineer in London over the 6 months to 18 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in London

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer in London.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in London

Software Engineer
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineer in London over the 6 months to 18 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in London

Software Engineer
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the London region over the 6 months to 18 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +35 32 £500 -9.09% 121
West London +22 11 £510 +8.51% 81
South London +32 8 £463 -24.18% 8
East London +20 3 £486 -22.82% 27
Software Engineer
England

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 18 April 2021, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 502 (98.24%) Software Engineering
2 280 (54.79%) Agile Software Development
3 264 (51.66%) AWS
4 229 (44.81%) JavaScript
5 223 (43.64%) Python
6 203 (39.73%) React
7 201 (39.33%) Finance
8 175 (34.25%) Java
9 168 (32.88%) .NET
10 167 (32.68%) Web Services
11 151 (29.55%) Asset Management
12 145 (28.38%) Serverless
13 143 (27.98%) Azure
14 123 (24.07%) AngularJS
15 110 (21.53%) Microservices
16 96 (18.79%) C#
17 95 (18.59%) GCP
18 84 (16.44%) Kotlin
19 83 (16.24%) Node.js
20 82 (16.05%) SQL
21 79 (15.46%) Front Office
21 79 (15.46%) TDD
22 78 (15.26%) React Native
23 77 (15.07%) Web Application Development
24 74 (14.48%) Progressive Web App
24 74 (14.48%) Equities
25 73 (14.29%) Fixed Income
25 73 (14.29%) Derivative
26 69 (13.50%) Kubernetes
26 69 (13.50%) Docker

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (11.94%) Apache
2 34 (6.65%) Apache Spark
3 13 (2.54%) Elasticsearch
4 7 (1.37%) Apache Airflow
5 6 (1.17%) WebLogic
6 5 (0.98%) Confluence
7 4 (0.78%) BizTalk Server
8 3 (0.59%) Cloud Foundry
9 2 (0.39%) Camunda
9 2 (0.39%) CMS
9 2 (0.39%) JBoss
9 2 (0.39%) SAS
9 2 (0.39%) WebSphere
10 1 (0.20%) IIS
10 1 (0.20%) NServiceBus
10 1 (0.20%) Tomcat
Applications
1 2 (0.39%) Gephi
2 1 (0.20%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.20%) Figma
2 1 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (0.20%) Front Arena
Cloud Services
1 264 (51.66%) AWS
2 145 (28.38%) Serverless
3 143 (27.98%) Azure
4 95 (18.59%) GCP
5 50 (9.78%) AWS Lambda
6 37 (7.24%) Amazon S3
7 30 (5.87%) Amazon EC2
8 12 (2.35%) GitHub
9 11 (2.15%) PaaS
10 8 (1.57%) Amazon ECS
10 8 (1.57%) SaaS
11 7 (1.37%) AWS CloudFormation
11 7 (1.37%) Azure Functions
11 7 (1.37%) Cloud Computing
11 7 (1.37%) Logic Apps
12 6 (1.17%) IaaS
13 5 (0.98%) Power Platform
14 4 (0.78%) Amazon SQS
14 4 (0.78%) OpenShift
15 3 (0.59%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 8 (1.57%) DECT
2 7 (1.37%) Wi-Fi
3 6 (1.17%) HTTP
4 5 (0.98%) Broadband
4 5 (0.98%) Wireless
5 4 (0.78%) IPv4
5 4 (0.78%) IPv6
5 4 (0.78%) Multicast
5 4 (0.78%) PPP
5 4 (0.78%) UPnP
6 3 (0.59%) ZigBee
7 2 (0.39%) DHCP
7 2 (0.39%) DNS
7 2 (0.39%) TCP/IP
8 1 (0.20%) Bluetooth
8 1 (0.20%) Internet
8 1 (0.20%) Intranet
8 1 (0.20%) NGN
8 1 (0.20%) VLAN
8 1 (0.20%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 46 (9.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 31 (6.07%) Apache Ignite
3 28 (5.48%) Big Data
4 23 (4.50%) MongoDB
5 18 (3.52%) PostgreSQL
5 18 (3.52%) SQL Server
6 17 (3.33%) Relational Database
7 9 (1.76%) Azure SQL Database
7 9 (1.76%) Redis
8 8 (1.57%) Neo4j
8 8 (1.57%) NoSQL
8 8 (1.57%) Tableau
8 8 (1.57%) Tableau Server
9 7 (1.37%) MySQL
10 6 (1.17%) Event Store
10 6 (1.17%) Hadoop
11 4 (0.78%) Amazon RDS
11 4 (0.78%) Apache Hive
11 4 (0.78%) Blockchain
11 4 (0.78%) Flink
Development Applications
1 47 (9.20%) Git (software)
2 31 (6.07%) Jenkins
3 20 (3.91%) JIRA
4 18 (3.52%) webpack
5 12 (2.35%) Cypress.io
6 11 (2.15%) GitLab
6 11 (2.15%) TeamCity
7 10 (1.96%) JUnit
8 8 (1.57%) GDB
8 8 (1.57%) Selenium
9 7 (1.37%) Cucumber
9 7 (1.37%) Gradle
10 6 (1.17%) Maven
11 5 (0.98%) Appium
11 5 (0.98%) Bitbucket
11 5 (0.98%) CircleCI
11 5 (0.98%) gulp
11 5 (0.98%) JMeter
11 5 (0.98%) Mockito
11 5 (0.98%) Xcode
General
1 201 (39.33%) Finance
2 79 (15.46%) Front Office
3 27 (5.28%) Banking
4 20 (3.91%) Public Sector
5 13 (2.54%) Telecoms
6 7 (1.37%) Law
7 6 (1.17%) Games
7 6 (1.17%) Investment Banking
7 6 (1.17%) Retail
8 3 (0.59%) Manufacturing
9 2 (0.39%) Advertising
9 2 (0.39%) German Language
9 2 (0.39%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.20%) Electronics
10 1 (0.20%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.20%) Legal
10 1 (0.20%) Publishing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 203 (39.73%) React
2 168 (32.88%) .NET
3 167 (32.68%) Web Services
4 123 (24.07%) AngularJS
5 83 (16.24%) Node.js
6 78 (15.26%) React Native
7 57 (11.15%) .NET Core
8 56 (10.96%) Vue.js
9 47 (9.20%) Kafka
10 44 (8.61%) Spring
11 33 (6.46%) REST
12 28 (5.48%) gRPC
13 25 (4.89%) RESTful
14 24 (4.70%) HTML
14 24 (4.70%) Protocol Buffers
15 23 (4.50%) CSS
16 22 (4.31%) Spring Boot
17 20 (3.91%) Redux
18 18 (3.52%) ASP.NET
19 17 (3.33%) Velocity
Miscellaneous
1 74 (14.48%) Equities
2 73 (14.29%) Derivative
2 73 (14.29%) Fixed Income
3 63 (12.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 46 (9.00%) Blog
5 33 (6.46%) Hedge funds
6 25 (4.89%) Greenfield Project
7 16 (3.13%) User Experience
8 12 (2.35%) Self-Motivation
9 10 (1.96%) Cloud Native
9 10 (1.96%) Public Cloud
10 8 (1.57%) Embedded Systems
10 8 (1.57%) Mobile App
11 7 (1.37%) Algorithms
11 7 (1.37%) Data Structures
12 6 (1.17%) Enterprise Software
13 5 (0.98%) Analytical Skills
13 5 (0.98%) Social Media
14 4 (0.78%) Market Risk
15 3 (0.59%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 27 (5.28%) Linux
2 13 (2.54%) Android
3 11 (2.15%) Windows
4 8 (1.57%) Apple iOS
4 8 (1.57%) OpenWrt
5 5 (0.98%) Unix
6 3 (0.59%) Embedded Linux
7 1 (0.20%) CentOS
7 1 (0.20%) FreeRTOS
7 1 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.20%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 502 (98.24%) Software Engineering
2 280 (54.79%) Agile Software Development
3 151 (29.55%) Asset Management
4 110 (21.53%) Microservices
5 79 (15.46%) TDD
6 77 (15.07%) Web Application Development
7 74 (14.48%) Progressive Web App
8 68 (13.31%) Open Source
9 49 (9.59%) Scrum
10 47 (9.20%) DevOps
11 42 (8.22%) Test Automation
12 39 (7.63%) Investment Management
13 36 (7.05%) SDLC
14 31 (6.07%) Fintech
15 25 (4.89%) Problem-Solving
16 24 (4.70%) BDD
16 24 (4.70%) Continuous Integration
17 23 (4.50%) MVC
17 23 (4.50%) Software Testing
17 23 (4.50%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 229 (44.81%) JavaScript
2 223 (43.64%) Python
3 175 (34.25%) Java
4 96 (18.79%) C#
5 84 (16.44%) Kotlin
6 82 (16.05%) SQL
7 54 (10.57%) TypeScript
8 53 (10.37%) Scala
9 44 (8.61%) C++
10 31 (6.07%) Go
11 23 (4.50%) C
12 19 (3.72%) Bash Shell
13 12 (2.35%) PowerShell
13 12 (2.35%) Ruby
13 12 (2.35%) Shell Script
14 9 (1.76%) Apple Swift
14 9 (1.76%) Clojure
15 8 (1.57%) PL/SQL
16 6 (1.17%) PHP
16 6 (1.17%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 67 (13.11%) Security Cleared
2 54 (10.57%) SC Cleared
3 18 (3.52%) DV Cleared
4 16 (3.13%) Degree
5 6 (1.17%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (1.17%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
6 4 (0.78%) VCAP
6 4 (0.78%) VCDX
6 4 (0.78%) VCP6
7 3 (0.59%) PhD
8 2 (0.39%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.20%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.20%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
9 1 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (3.13%) QA
2 6 (1.17%) JTAG
3 3 (0.59%) MiFID
4 1 (0.20%) GRC
4 1 (0.20%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.20%) WCAG
System Software
1 69 (13.50%) Docker
2 6 (1.17%) VMware Infrastructure
3 4 (0.78%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.78%) Virtual Desktop
3 4 (0.78%) vSphere
4 2 (0.39%) HDFS
5 1 (0.20%) Platform Symphony
Systems Management
1 69 (13.50%) Kubernetes
2 36 (7.05%) Terraform
3 6 (1.17%) Ansible
3 6 (1.17%) Graphite
4 3 (0.59%) Hadoop YARN
5 2 (0.39%) Grafana
5 2 (0.39%) Oozie
5 2 (0.39%) Prometheus
5 2 (0.39%) Puppet
5 2 (0.39%) vCenter Server
5 2 (0.39%) vRealize
6 1 (0.20%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 23 (4.50%) Bloomberg
2 18 (3.52%) Oracle
3 12 (2.35%) Microsoft
4 9 (1.76%) Splunk
5 7 (1.37%) MuleSoft
6 6 (1.17%) VMware
7 3 (0.59%) Cloudera
7 3 (0.59%) IBM
8 2 (0.39%) AppDynamics
8 2 (0.39%) Micro Focus
8 2 (0.39%) New Relic
8 2 (0.39%) WSO2
9 1 (0.20%) Atlassian
9 1 (0.20%) BEA
9 1 (0.20%) CA
9 1 (0.20%) Google
9 1 (0.20%) Informatica
9 1 (0.20%) Luciad
9 1 (0.20%) webMethods
9 1 (0.20%) Xamarin