Period
to 16 November 2019

The median contractor rate for a Backend Developer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Backend Developer
UK > England
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 474 524 566
Rank change year-on-year +50 +42 +58
Contract jobs requiring a Backend Developer 315 382 293
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.41% 0.40% 0.31%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.44% 0.42% 0.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 210 289 189
England median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +9.42%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £350
90th Percentile £600 £595 £550
UK median daily rate £465 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +3.33% - +9.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 2 4
England median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% -5.88% +6.25%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -12.50% -5.88% +6.25%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 71,493 90,038 89,820
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.03% 94.75% 94.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 47,364 60,159 59,799
England median daily rate £470 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.44% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £263 £275 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £448
% change year-on-year +2.78% +0.56% +5.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,582 2,773 2,663
England median hourly rate £19.47 £18.32 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.28% -2.06% +3.89%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £10.93
90th Percentile £52.50 £48.75 £48.42
UK median hourly rate £19.71 £18.00 £18.70
% change year-on-year +9.50% -3.74% +3.89%

Backend Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Backend Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Backend Developer in England

Backend Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Backend Developer in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Backend Developer in England

Backend Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Backend Developer in England over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Backend Developer in England

Backend Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Backend Developer in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Backend Developer in England

Backend Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Backend Developer in England over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Backend Developer in England

Backend Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Backend Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +66 212 £500 - 65
North of England +35 27 £375 +0.67% 24
South East +17 27 £463 +5.71% 18
Midlands +33 25 £404 +4.19% 11
North West +20 20 £375 +3.45% 18
West Midlands +33 15 £413 -5.17% 6
East Midlands +15 9 £375 +7.14% 5
East of England +12 9 £400 -5.88% 8
South West -6 9 £438 +6.06% 7
Yorkshire +36 6 £550 +33.33% 3
North East +14 1 - - 3
Backend Developer
UK

Backend Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, Backend Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Backend Developer in the job title.

1 163 (51.75%) Agile Software Development
2 130 (41.27%) Java
3 90 (28.57%) Git (software)
4 89 (28.25%) Docker
5 85 (26.98%) Microservices
6 81 (25.71%) Spring
7 80 (25.40%) Scrum
8 76 (24.13%) TDD
8 76 (24.13%) .NET
9 75 (23.81%) C#
10 71 (22.54%) JavaScript
10 71 (22.54%) SQL
11 69 (21.90%) Node.js
12 68 (21.59%) MySQL
13 66 (20.95%) Azure
14 62 (19.68%) Java 8
15 61 (19.37%) SQL Server
16 52 (16.51%) AWS
16 52 (16.51%) Kafka
17 51 (16.19%) JIRA
18 48 (15.24%) Spring Boot
19 47 (14.92%) Python
20 45 (14.29%) MVC
20 45 (14.29%) HTML
20 45 (14.29%) Web Services
21 44 (13.97%) Linux
21 44 (13.97%) DevOps
22 43 (13.65%) JUnit
22 43 (13.65%) Confluence
23 41 (13.02%) RESTful

Backend Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (13.65%) Confluence
2 26 (8.25%) Elasticsearch
3 9 (2.86%) Apache Spark
4 8 (2.54%) JBoss
5 6 (1.90%) nginx
6 5 (1.59%) Apache
6 5 (1.59%) CMS
6 5 (1.59%) Umbraco
7 3 (0.95%) Apache Solr
7 3 (0.95%) Camunda
7 3 (0.95%) Cloud Foundry
8 2 (0.63%) Documentum
8 2 (0.63%) Skype for Business
8 2 (0.63%) WebSphere
9 1 (0.32%) Drupal
9 1 (0.32%) EPiServer
9 1 (0.32%) Jetty
9 1 (0.32%) NServiceBus
9 1 (0.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 1 (0.32%) Resin
Applications
1 1 (0.32%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 1 (0.32%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (1.90%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 4 (1.27%) Magento
2 4 (1.27%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.32%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 66 (20.95%) Azure
2 52 (16.51%) AWS
3 27 (8.57%) Serverless
4 20 (6.35%) AWS Lambda
4 20 (6.35%) GitHub
5 12 (3.81%) GCP
6 11 (3.49%) AWS CloudFormation
7 9 (2.86%) Amazon S3
8 7 (2.22%) Amazon SQS
9 5 (1.59%) Amazon EC2
9 5 (1.59%) SaaS
10 4 (1.27%) Amazon Cognito
10 4 (1.27%) Amazon EKS
10 4 (1.27%) Amazon Kinesis
10 4 (1.27%) Cloud Computing
10 4 (1.27%) PaaS
11 3 (0.95%) Amazon ECS
11 3 (0.95%) Azure Data Factory
11 3 (0.95%) Azure Functions
12 2 (0.63%) Firebase
Communications & Networking
1 12 (3.81%) FTP
2 7 (2.22%) TCP/IP
3 5 (1.59%) Modbus
4 1 (0.32%) HTTP
4 1 (0.32%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 68 (21.59%) MySQL
2 61 (19.37%) SQL Server
3 40 (12.70%) PostgreSQL
4 39 (12.38%) NoSQL
5 34 (10.79%) Relational Database
6 12 (3.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 12 (3.81%) MongoDB
6 12 (3.81%) Redis
7 10 (3.17%) SQL Server 2016
8 9 (2.86%) RDBMS
9 8 (2.54%) Amazon Redshift
10 7 (2.22%) Azure SQL Database
10 7 (2.22%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 5 (1.59%) Amazon Aurora
11 5 (1.59%) Data Warehouse
12 4 (1.27%) Apache Cassandra
13 3 (0.95%) Parquet
13 3 (0.95%) Presto
14 2 (0.63%) Oracle Database
14 2 (0.63%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 90 (28.57%) Git (software)
2 51 (16.19%) JIRA
3 43 (13.65%) JUnit
4 38 (12.06%) Maven
5 33 (10.48%) Mockito
6 26 (8.25%) Jenkins
7 14 (4.44%) Gradle
8 13 (4.13%) SonarQube
9 11 (3.49%) Visual Studio
10 7 (2.22%) Checkstyle
10 7 (2.22%) GitLab
10 7 (2.22%) Liquibase
10 7 (2.22%) Team Foundation Server
11 6 (1.90%) Moq
11 6 (1.90%) MSTest
12 5 (1.59%) Jasmine
12 5 (1.59%) Protractor
12 5 (1.59%) TeamCity
13 4 (1.27%) gulp
13 4 (1.27%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 20 (6.35%) Finance
2 13 (4.13%) Public Sector
3 10 (3.17%) Banking
4 7 (2.22%) Pharmaceutical
5 6 (1.90%) Games
5 6 (1.90%) Retail
6 3 (0.95%) Automotive
7 2 (0.63%) Manufacturing
7 2 (0.63%) Marketing
7 2 (0.63%) Publishing
8 1 (0.32%) Electronics
8 1 (0.32%) Law
8 1 (0.32%) Online Betting
8 1 (0.32%) Telecoms
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 81 (25.71%) Spring
2 76 (24.13%) .NET
3 69 (21.90%) Node.js
4 52 (16.51%) Kafka
5 48 (15.24%) Spring Boot
6 45 (14.29%) HTML
6 45 (14.29%) Web Services
7 41 (13.02%) RESTful
8 40 (12.70%) REST
9 39 (12.38%) CSS
10 31 (9.84%) AngularJS
11 26 (8.25%) ASP.NET
12 24 (7.62%) RabbitMQ
13 23 (7.30%) .NET Framework
14 20 (6.35%) ASP.NET MVC
14 20 (6.35%) JSON
15 19 (6.03%) ASP.NET Web API
16 18 (5.71%) Hibernate
17 17 (5.40%) GraphQL
18 12 (3.81%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 25 (7.94%) User Experience
2 21 (6.67%) Greenfield Project
3 13 (4.13%) Enterprise Software
4 10 (3.17%) Linux Command Line
5 6 (1.90%) N-Tier
6 5 (1.59%) Self-Motivation
7 4 (1.27%) NHS
7 4 (1.27%) Public Cloud
8 3 (0.95%) Cloud Native
8 3 (0.95%) W3C
9 2 (0.63%) Management Information System
9 2 (0.63%) Online Games
10 1 (0.32%) Algorithms
10 1 (0.32%) Blog
10 1 (0.32%) Clustering
10 1 (0.32%) Data Structures
10 1 (0.32%) Mashup
10 1 (0.32%) Media Streaming
10 1 (0.32%) Mobile Games
10 1 (0.32%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 44 (13.97%) Linux
2 20 (6.35%) Unix
3 9 (2.86%) Apple iOS
4 6 (1.90%) VMS
5 5 (1.59%) Android
6 4 (1.27%) Windows
6 4 (1.27%) Windows Server
7 3 (0.95%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.32%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 163 (51.75%) Agile Software Development
2 85 (26.98%) Microservices
3 80 (25.40%) Scrum
4 76 (24.13%) TDD
5 45 (14.29%) MVC
6 44 (13.97%) DevOps
7 38 (12.06%) Pair Programming
8 33 (10.48%) Front End Development
9 32 (10.16%) Test Automation
10 28 (8.89%) Continuous Integration
11 27 (8.57%) Open Source
12 24 (7.62%) Kanban
12 24 (7.62%) Software Engineering
13 20 (6.35%) BDD
14 18 (5.71%) Business Intelligence
15 17 (5.40%) OO
16 14 (4.44%) Collaborative Working
16 14 (4.44%) Continuous Deployment
16 14 (4.44%) Project Management
17 13 (4.13%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 130 (41.27%) Java
2 75 (23.81%) C#
3 71 (22.54%) JavaScript
3 71 (22.54%) SQL
4 62 (19.68%) Java 8
5 47 (14.92%) Python
6 30 (9.52%) PHP
7 29 (9.21%) TypeScript
8 13 (4.13%) Go
8 13 (4.13%) Ruby
9 11 (3.49%) T-SQL
10 10 (3.17%) Scala
11 8 (2.54%) Groovy
11 8 (2.54%) Kotlin
12 7 (2.22%) PowerShell
13 6 (1.90%) Bash Shell
13 6 (1.90%) JPQL
14 4 (1.27%) ES6
14 4 (1.27%) Perl
15 3 (0.95%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 24 (7.62%) Security Cleared
2 18 (5.71%) SC Cleared
3 8 (2.54%) Degree
4 2 (0.63%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (0.63%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (1.27%) WCAG
2 2 (0.63%) ISO 14001
2 2 (0.63%) ISO 9001
2 2 (0.63%) PCI DSS
2 2 (0.63%) QA
3 1 (0.32%) Data Quality
System Software
1 89 (28.25%) Docker
2 1 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 1 (0.32%) OpenIDM
2 1 (0.32%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 39 (12.38%) Kubernetes
2 15 (4.76%) Terraform
3 9 (2.86%) Grafana
4 6 (1.90%) Ansible
4 6 (1.90%) Consul
5 4 (1.27%) Prometheus
6 2 (0.63%) Opscode Chef
7 1 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
7 1 (0.32%) HAProxy
7 1 (0.32%) Puppet
7 1 (0.32%) Rancher
7 1 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 29 (9.21%) Microsoft
2 20 (6.35%) Oracle
3 9 (2.86%) Google
4 7 (2.22%) Red Hat
4 7 (2.22%) Salesforce.com
5 5 (1.59%) SAP
5 5 (1.59%) Siemens
6 4 (1.27%) hybris
6 4 (1.27%) WSO2
6 4 (1.27%) Zend
7 3 (0.95%) New Relic
8 2 (0.63%) Informatica
8 2 (0.63%) Xamarin
9 1 (0.32%) Adobe
9 1 (0.32%) ForgeRock
9 1 (0.32%) IBM
9 1 (0.32%) Spotify