Period
to 28 March 2020

The median contractor rate for a Backend Developer was £456 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 28 March 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Backend Developer
UK > England
6 months to
28 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 445 549 553
Rank change year-on-year +104 +4 +50
Contract jobs requiring a Backend Developer 232 309 316
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.41% 0.35% 0.34%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.43% 0.37% 0.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 138 212 228
Median daily rate £456 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -8.75% +5.26% +8.57%
10th Percentile £325 £375 £350
90th Percentile £623 £600 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £500 £450
% change year-on-year -10.00% +11.11% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
Median hourly rate - - £42.50
UK median hourly rate - - £42.50

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 53,353 83,741 88,386
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.89% 94.74% 94.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 34,389 56,059 58,742
Median daily rate £470 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.05% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £243 £275 £263
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £455 £463 £450
% change year-on-year -1.62% +2.78% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,238 2,517 2,701
Median hourly rate £20.00 £18.70 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.95% - +0.05%
10th Percentile £11.97 £11.17 £11.04
90th Percentile £51.25 £49.89 £48.00
Median hourly rate £20.00 £18.70 £18.63
% change year-on-year +6.95% +0.40% +0.68%

Backend Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Backend Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Backend Developer in England

Backend Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Backend Developer in England.

Daily rate trend for Backend Developer in England

Backend Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Backend Developer in England over the 6 months to 28 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Backend Developer in England

Backend Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Backend Developer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Backend Developer in England

Backend Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Backend Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 28 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +140 174 £500 -4.76% 68
North of England +54 30 £350 -17.65% 21
Yorkshire +62 14 £388 -24.02% 3
North West +23 13 £350 -16.67% 15
South West +28 9 £400 - 12
South East +62 7 £434 -3.61% 17
Midlands +53 6 £378 -29.77% 9
West Midlands +51 6 £378 -33.77% 6
East of England +35 3 - - 3
North East +22 3 £320 -30.81% 3
Backend Developer
UK

Backend Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 28 March 2020, Backend Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Backend Developer in the job title.

1 138 (59.48%) Agile Software Development
2 110 (47.41%) Java
3 88 (37.93%) Docker
4 77 (33.19%) Microservices
5 73 (31.47%) Scrum
6 66 (28.45%) Git (software)
7 65 (28.02%) Spring
8 63 (27.16%) RESTful
8 63 (27.16%) AWS
9 56 (24.14%) Spring Boot
10 54 (23.28%) REST
11 53 (22.84%) MySQL
11 53 (22.84%) Node.js
11 53 (22.84%) Java 8
12 50 (21.55%) JavaScript
12 50 (21.55%) Web Services
13 45 (19.40%) C#
13 45 (19.40%) TDD
14 43 (18.53%) JUnit
15 42 (18.10%) Jenkins
16 41 (17.67%) Maven
17 40 (17.24%) .NET
18 39 (16.81%) AngularJS
19 38 (16.38%) MVC
20 37 (15.95%) Pair Programming
20 37 (15.95%) JIRA
20 37 (15.95%) Gradle
20 37 (15.95%) Elasticsearch
21 36 (15.52%) SQL
22 34 (14.66%) Python

Backend Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (15.95%) Elasticsearch
2 26 (11.21%) Confluence
3 6 (2.59%) Drupal
4 4 (1.72%) Apache
4 4 (1.72%) Apache Spark
4 4 (1.72%) CMS
5 3 (1.29%) Umbraco
5 3 (1.29%) WebSphere
5 3 (1.29%) WordPress
6 2 (0.86%) Cloud Foundry
6 2 (0.86%) IIS
6 2 (0.86%) JBoss
6 2 (0.86%) Tomcat
7 1 (0.43%) Oracle SOA Suite
Business Applications
1 9 (3.88%) SAP Hybris
2 4 (1.72%) Magento
3 1 (0.43%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.43%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 63 (27.16%) AWS
2 29 (12.50%) Azure
3 16 (6.90%) GitHub
3 16 (6.90%) Serverless
4 12 (5.17%) GCP
5 10 (4.31%) Amazon EC2
5 10 (4.31%) AWS Lambda
6 8 (3.45%) Amazon S3
7 7 (3.02%) Cloud Computing
8 3 (1.29%) Algolia
9 2 (0.86%) Amazon Kinesis
9 2 (0.86%) CloudFront
9 2 (0.86%) Firebase
9 2 (0.86%) Heroku
10 1 (0.43%) Amazon SQS
10 1 (0.43%) AWS CloudFormation
10 1 (0.43%) Azure Active Directory
10 1 (0.43%) PaaS
10 1 (0.43%) SaaS
10 1 (0.43%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 6 (2.59%) HTTP
2 3 (1.29%) SSL
2 3 (1.29%) TCP/IP
3 1 (0.43%) FTP
3 1 (0.43%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 53 (22.84%) MySQL
2 30 (12.93%) NoSQL
3 28 (12.07%) SQL Server
4 19 (8.19%) Relational Database
5 14 (6.03%) PostgreSQL
6 13 (5.60%) MongoDB
7 12 (5.17%) Redis
8 6 (2.59%) Amazon RDS
9 4 (1.72%) InterSystems Cache
9 4 (1.72%) Parquet
10 3 (1.29%) Amazon Aurora
11 2 (0.86%) Big Data
11 2 (0.86%) Event Store
11 2 (0.86%) Oracle Database
11 2 (0.86%) Oracle Database 10g
12 1 (0.43%) Azure SQL Database
12 1 (0.43%) DB2
12 1 (0.43%) Hadoop
12 1 (0.43%) OLAP
12 1 (0.43%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 66 (28.45%) Git (software)
2 43 (18.53%) JUnit
3 42 (18.10%) Jenkins
4 41 (17.67%) Maven
5 37 (15.95%) Gradle
5 37 (15.95%) JIRA
6 34 (14.66%) Mockito
7 9 (3.88%) SonarQube
7 9 (3.88%) Team Foundation Server
8 8 (3.45%) gulp
8 8 (3.45%) Moq
8 8 (3.45%) Visual Studio
9 7 (3.02%) Bitbucket
9 7 (3.02%) MSTest
10 5 (2.16%) Cucumber
10 5 (2.16%) GitLab
10 5 (2.16%) Mocha
10 5 (2.16%) Postman
11 4 (1.72%) SoapUI
11 4 (1.72%) TeamCity
General
1 23 (9.91%) Finance
2 10 (4.31%) Banking
2 10 (4.31%) Public Sector
3 6 (2.59%) Pharmaceutical
4 4 (1.72%) Front Office
4 4 (1.72%) Games
5 2 (0.86%) Investment Banking
5 2 (0.86%) Marketing
5 2 (0.86%) Retail
5 2 (0.86%) Retail Banking
6 1 (0.43%) Back Office
6 1 (0.43%) Electronics
6 1 (0.43%) Legal
6 1 (0.43%) Mandarin Language
6 1 (0.43%) Manufacturing
6 1 (0.43%) Publishing
6 1 (0.43%) Telecoms
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 65 (28.02%) Spring
2 63 (27.16%) RESTful
3 56 (24.14%) Spring Boot
4 54 (23.28%) REST
5 53 (22.84%) Node.js
6 50 (21.55%) Web Services
7 40 (17.24%) .NET
8 39 (16.81%) AngularJS
9 31 (13.36%) HTML
10 28 (12.07%) Kafka
11 24 (10.34%) CSS
12 23 (9.91%) RabbitMQ
13 20 (8.62%) React
14 15 (6.47%) ASP.NET
14 15 (6.47%) Hibernate
14 15 (6.47%) SOAP
15 14 (6.03%) ASP.NET MVC
16 12 (5.17%) .NET Framework
17 11 (4.74%) Laravel
17 11 (4.74%) NHibernate
Miscellaneous
1 31 (13.36%) User Experience
2 9 (3.88%) Greenfield Project
3 7 (3.02%) N-Tier
4 6 (2.59%) Enterprise Software
4 6 (2.59%) Mobile App
5 5 (2.16%) Analytical Skills
5 5 (2.16%) Linux Command Line
5 5 (2.16%) W3C
6 2 (0.86%) Online Banking
7 1 (0.43%) Algorithms
7 1 (0.43%) Cloud Native
7 1 (0.43%) Clustering
7 1 (0.43%) Fixed Income
7 1 (0.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 1 (0.43%) PKI
7 1 (0.43%) Public Cloud
7 1 (0.43%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 31 (13.36%) Linux
2 8 (3.45%) Unix
3 5 (2.16%) Windows
4 3 (1.29%) Mac OS
5 2 (0.86%) Android
5 2 (0.86%) Windows Server
6 1 (0.43%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 138 (59.48%) Agile Software Development
2 77 (33.19%) Microservices
3 73 (31.47%) Scrum
4 45 (19.40%) TDD
5 38 (16.38%) MVC
6 37 (15.95%) Pair Programming
7 33 (14.22%) Open Source
8 32 (13.79%) DevOps
9 28 (12.07%) Continuous Integration
10 22 (9.48%) Test Automation
11 21 (9.05%) Problem-Solving
12 20 (8.62%) Front End Development
13 19 (8.19%) Refactoring
14 17 (7.33%) Kanban
15 16 (6.90%) OO
16 15 (6.47%) Configuration Management
16 15 (6.47%) Continuous Deployment
17 14 (6.03%) BDD
18 13 (5.60%) Software Engineering
19 12 (5.17%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 110 (47.41%) Java
2 53 (22.84%) Java 8
3 50 (21.55%) JavaScript
4 45 (19.40%) C#
5 36 (15.52%) SQL
6 34 (14.66%) Python
7 26 (11.21%) PHP
8 10 (4.31%) Ruby
8 10 (4.31%) TypeScript
9 5 (2.16%) Bash Shell
9 5 (2.16%) Groovy
10 4 (1.72%) Scala
11 3 (1.29%) Go
11 3 (1.29%) Haskell
11 3 (1.29%) PHP 7
11 3 (1.29%) PL/SQL
11 3 (1.29%) VB
12 2 (0.86%) C++
12 2 (0.86%) Kotlin
12 2 (0.86%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 18 (7.76%) Security Cleared
2 13 (5.60%) SC Cleared
3 3 (1.29%) CTC Cleared
3 3 (1.29%) Degree
3 3 (1.29%) DV Cleared
4 1 (0.43%) CHECK Team Member
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (2.16%) WCAG
2 3 (1.29%) QA
System Software
1 88 (37.93%) Docker
2 1 (0.43%) Active Directory
2 1 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 1 (0.43%) OpenIDM
Systems Management
1 28 (12.07%) Kubernetes
2 11 (4.74%) Ansible
3 8 (3.45%) Terraform
4 4 (1.72%) Consul
5 3 (1.29%) Puppet
6 1 (0.43%) Docker Swarm
6 1 (0.43%) HAProxy
6 1 (0.43%) Kibana
6 1 (0.43%) Rancher
6 1 (0.43%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 16 (6.90%) Oracle
2 13 (5.60%) Google
3 11 (4.74%) hybris
3 11 (4.74%) SAP
4 9 (3.88%) Microsoft
5 2 (0.86%) IBM
6 1 (0.43%) ForgeRock
6 1 (0.43%) MuleSoft
6 1 (0.43%) Red Hat
6 1 (0.43%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
6 1 (0.43%) Salesforce.com
6 1 (0.43%) WSO2
6 1 (0.43%) Zend