Period
to 22 October 2018

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 22 October 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
UK
6 months to
22 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 181 240 263
Rank change year-on-year +59 +23 -14
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 1,572 1,085 1,060
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.52% 1.09% 1.01%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.61% 1.15% 1.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 825 552 603
UK median daily rate £475 £436 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.88% +5.12% +3.75%
10th Percentile £325 £314 £313
90th Percentile £625 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +14.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 224 194 185
UK median hourly rate £44.39 £42.50 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.44% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £36.25 £32.65 £32.50
90th Percentile £51.00 £52.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.50 £42.50 £41.75
% change year-on-year +4.71% +1.80% +4.38%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 97,845 94,346 99,963
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.73% 94.94% 94.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 64,305 61,972 65,147
UK median daily rate £450 £440 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% +6.25%
10th Percentile £268 £263 £250
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +3.75% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3,138 2,810 3,268
UK median hourly rate £17.75 £18.70 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.08% +3.89% +0.06%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.75 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £48.75 £47.08
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £18.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year -2.78% +2.86% -

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 22 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 22 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 22 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +61 1,398 £475 +5.56% 1,330
UK excluding London +36 1,005 £440 +10.00% 1,190
London +83 539 £525 +5.00% 304
South East +81 349 £450 +9.09% 287
North of England +8 173 £425 - 221
South West +1 149 £325 -10.34% 177
East of England +5 104 £450 +20.00% 231
Wales +13 89 £418 +4.38% 57
Yorkshire +34 85 £425 -1.16% 66
North West -20 78 £450 -2.70% 108
Midlands -23 78 £405 -4.14% 112
Scotland -27 53 £350 -12.50% 89
West Midlands +2 48 £463 +12.12% 71
East Midlands -2 30 £350 -17.40% 41
North East +1 10 £390 +11.43% 47
Northern Ireland +35 5 - - 19
Channel Islands -4 5 - -

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 22 October 2018, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 1,523 (96.88%) Software Engineering
2 703 (44.72%) Agile Software Development
3 613 (38.99%) Java
4 459 (29.20%) C++
5 388 (24.68%) Linux
6 336 (21.37%) JavaScript
7 332 (21.12%) Python
8 317 (20.17%) C#
9 286 (18.19%) C
10 280 (17.81%) TDD
10 280 (17.81%) Amazon AWS
11 252 (16.03%) Scrum
12 247 (15.71%) Git (software)
13 246 (15.65%) SQL
14 237 (15.08%) DevOps
15 234 (14.89%) .NET
16 233 (14.82%) Test Automation
17 231 (14.69%) Microservices
18 218 (13.87%) Node.js
19 210 (13.36%) AngularJS
20 207 (13.17%) Security Cleared
21 200 (12.72%) Docker
22 194 (12.34%) OO
23 192 (12.21%) Continuous Integration
24 181 (11.51%) Web Services
24 181 (11.51%) Finance
25 173 (11.01%) Jenkins
26 171 (10.88%) Problem-Solving
27 166 (10.56%) HTML
28 164 (10.43%) Degree

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 64 (4.07%) Apache
2 61 (3.88%) Confluence
3 58 (3.69%) Apache Spark
4 55 (3.50%) Elasticsearch
5 36 (2.29%) Tomcat
6 15 (0.95%) JBoss
7 14 (0.89%) Gunicorn
8 13 (0.83%) Apache Solr
9 11 (0.70%) CMS
9 11 (0.70%) WebSphere
10 10 (0.64%) nginx
11 9 (0.57%) WebLogic
12 8 (0.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 7 (0.45%) Mule
13 7 (0.45%) NServiceBus
14 6 (0.38%) Apache ServiceMix
14 6 (0.38%) Jetty
15 5 (0.32%) Apache Airflow
15 5 (0.32%) Luigi
15 5 (0.32%) WordPress
Applications
1 33 (2.10%) Simulink
2 8 (0.51%) Microsoft Project
3 6 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.32%) Microsoft Excel
5 3 (0.19%) Chatbot
5 3 (0.19%) Stateflow
6 2 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.064%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.064%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 8 (0.51%) Oracle EBS R12
2 6 (0.38%) Distributed Ledger
2 6 (0.38%) Remedy AR System
2 6 (0.38%) Remedy ITSM
3 2 (0.13%) Bloomberg AIM
3 2 (0.13%) Eagle PACE
3 2 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.13%) thinkFolio
4 1 (0.064%) Exstream
4 1 (0.064%) LongView
4 1 (0.064%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 280 (17.81%) Amazon AWS
2 114 (7.25%) Microsoft Azure
3 64 (4.07%) Serverless
4 52 (3.31%) AWS Lambda
5 37 (2.35%) AWS CloudFormation
6 30 (1.91%) Google Cloud Platform
7 26 (1.65%) GitHub
8 24 (1.53%) SaaS
8 24 (1.53%) Slack
9 22 (1.40%) PaaS
10 21 (1.34%) Amazon SQS
11 20 (1.27%) Cloud Computing
12 13 (0.83%) OpenShift
13 10 (0.64%) Amazon Kinesis
14 9 (0.57%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 9 (0.57%) Google Analytics
14 9 (0.57%) IaaS
14 9 (0.57%) npm
15 8 (0.51%) Amazon S3
15 8 (0.51%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 49 (3.12%) TCP/IP
2 36 (2.29%) HTTP
3 30 (1.91%) Internet
4 28 (1.78%) Wireless
5 23 (1.46%) Wireshark
6 22 (1.40%) Wi-Fi
7 21 (1.34%) SNMP
8 17 (1.08%) Bluetooth
8 17 (1.08%) VoIP
9 16 (1.02%) SSL
10 12 (0.76%) Firewall
11 11 (0.70%) Ethernet
12 10 (0.64%) MQTT
12 10 (0.64%) RS-232
13 9 (0.57%) AMQP
13 9 (0.57%) Tactical Data Link
14 7 (0.45%) 4G
14 7 (0.45%) Intranet
15 6 (0.38%) GSM
15 6 (0.38%) LTE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 136 (8.65%) NoSQL
2 132 (8.40%) MongoDB
3 108 (6.87%) Relational Database
4 97 (6.17%) MySQL
5 95 (6.04%) SQL Server
6 90 (5.73%) Big Data
7 89 (5.66%) Hadoop
8 80 (5.09%) PostgreSQL
9 43 (2.74%) Apache Hive
10 38 (2.42%) RDBMS
11 35 (2.23%) Data Warehouse
12 32 (2.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 25 (1.59%) Apache Cassandra
14 20 (1.27%) Oracle Database
15 19 (1.21%) Redis
16 13 (0.83%) Couchbase
16 13 (0.83%) Neo4j
17 12 (0.76%) Impala
18 11 (0.70%) HBase
19 10 (0.64%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 247 (15.71%) Git (software)
2 173 (11.01%) Jenkins
3 123 (7.82%) Maven
4 108 (6.87%) Visual Studio
5 100 (6.36%) JIRA
6 83 (5.28%) Selenium
7 75 (4.77%) Cucumber
8 71 (4.52%) Rational DOORS
9 54 (3.44%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 46 (2.93%) Artifactory
11 45 (2.86%) JUnit
11 45 (2.86%) Rational Rhapsody
12 44 (2.80%) Gatling
13 43 (2.74%) Hudson
14 42 (2.67%) Eclipse
15 41 (2.61%) Subversion
16 33 (2.10%) TeamCity
17 32 (2.04%) Gradle
17 32 (2.04%) IntelliJ
18 31 (1.97%) GDB
General
1 181 (11.51%) Finance
2 84 (5.34%) Banking
3 65 (4.13%) Electronics
4 58 (3.69%) Front Office
5 57 (3.63%) Manufacturing
6 45 (2.86%) Retail
7 38 (2.42%) Automotive
8 36 (2.29%) Law
9 32 (2.04%) Games
9 32 (2.04%) Telecoms
10 29 (1.84%) Aerospace
11 23 (1.46%) Avionics
12 18 (1.15%) Marketing
13 11 (0.70%) Back Office
14 7 (0.45%) Military
15 6 (0.38%) Legal
16 5 (0.32%) Investment Banking
17 4 (0.25%) Publishing
18 3 (0.19%) Multimedia
19 2 (0.13%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 234 (14.89%) .NET
2 218 (13.87%) Node.js
3 210 (13.36%) AngularJS
4 181 (11.51%) Web Services
5 166 (10.56%) HTML
6 160 (10.18%) React
7 158 (10.05%) Spring
8 146 (9.29%) CSS
9 132 (8.40%) REST
10 95 (6.04%) Kafka
11 74 (4.71%) ASP.NET
12 70 (4.45%) Spring Boot
13 66 (4.20%) HTML5
14 61 (3.88%) RESTful
15 58 (3.69%) .NET Framework
16 56 (3.56%) RabbitMQ
17 53 (3.37%) WPF
18 51 (3.24%) J2EE
19 47 (2.99%) jQuery
20 45 (2.86%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 164 (10.43%) Computer Science
2 82 (5.22%) Greenfield Project
3 79 (5.03%) User Experience
4 67 (4.26%) Analytical Skills
5 61 (3.88%) Self-Motivation
6 46 (2.93%) Embedded Systems
7 41 (2.61%) Algorithms
8 32 (2.04%) Enterprise Software
9 28 (1.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 26 (1.65%) Public Cloud
11 25 (1.59%) Fixed Income
12 22 (1.40%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
13 18 (1.15%) Equities
13 18 (1.15%) Mobile App
14 17 (1.08%) Derivative
15 16 (1.02%) Device Driver
16 15 (0.95%) Fintech
17 13 (0.83%) Exotic Derivative
18 12 (0.76%) Data Structures
18 12 (0.76%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 388 (24.68%) Linux
2 132 (8.40%) Windows
3 75 (4.77%) Unix
4 44 (2.80%) Android
5 43 (2.74%) Embedded Linux
6 24 (1.53%) Apple iOS
7 20 (1.27%) VxWorks
8 19 (1.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 11 (0.70%) Ubuntu
10 9 (0.57%) Mac OS X
11 7 (0.45%) CentOS
11 7 (0.45%) FreeRTOS
11 7 (0.45%) Nucleus RTOS
12 5 (0.32%) SafeRTOS
13 4 (0.25%) Windows 7
13 4 (0.25%) Windows Server
14 3 (0.19%) Oracle Linux
14 3 (0.19%) Windows 10
15 2 (0.13%) Mac OS
15 2 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,523 (96.88%) Software Engineering
2 703 (44.72%) Agile Software Development
3 280 (17.81%) TDD
4 252 (16.03%) Scrum
5 237 (15.08%) DevOps
6 233 (14.82%) Test Automation
7 231 (14.69%) Microservices
8 194 (12.34%) OO
9 192 (12.21%) Continuous Integration
10 171 (10.88%) Problem-Solving
11 162 (10.31%) BDD
12 127 (8.08%) Unit Testing
13 126 (8.02%) UML
14 113 (7.19%) SDLC
15 102 (6.49%) MVC
16 91 (5.79%) Mentoring
17 86 (5.47%) Continuous Delivery
17 86 (5.47%) SOA
18 82 (5.22%) Kanban
19 81 (5.15%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 613 (38.99%) Java
2 459 (29.20%) C++
3 336 (21.37%) JavaScript
4 332 (21.12%) Python
5 317 (20.17%) C#
6 286 (18.19%) C
7 246 (15.65%) SQL
8 122 (7.76%) Embedded C
9 108 (6.87%) Java 8
10 71 (4.52%) PHP
11 68 (4.33%) Embedded C++
12 66 (4.20%) Scala
13 61 (3.88%) Go
14 50 (3.18%) TypeScript
15 43 (2.74%) Ada
15 43 (2.74%) MATLAB
16 42 (2.67%) ES6
17 38 (2.42%) Groovy
18 36 (2.29%) Bash Shell
19 33 (2.10%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 207 (13.17%) Security Cleared
2 164 (10.43%) Degree
3 154 (9.80%) SC Cleared
4 52 (3.31%) Computer Science Degree
5 35 (2.23%) AWS Certification
6 9 (0.57%) Master's Degree
7 6 (0.38%) DV Cleared
7 6 (0.38%) Numerate Degree
8 5 (0.32%) BPSS Clearance
8 5 (0.32%) DBS Check
8 5 (0.32%) Microsoft Certification
9 3 (0.19%) CompTIA Security+
9 3 (0.19%) GIAC
9 3 (0.19%) HND
9 3 (0.19%) Linux+ Certification
9 3 (0.19%) MCSE
9 3 (0.19%) Network+ Certification
9 3 (0.19%) PhD
9 3 (0.19%) SANS
9 3 (0.19%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (2.80%) MISRA
2 32 (2.04%) QA
3 26 (1.65%) MISRA C
4 15 (0.95%) DO-178B
5 6 (0.38%) IEC 61508
6 3 (0.19%) ARP4754
6 3 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.19%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.13%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.13%) Def Stans
7 2 (0.13%) DO-160
7 2 (0.13%) IEC 62304
7 2 (0.13%) ISO 26262
7 2 (0.13%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.13%) SLA
8 1 (0.064%) ECSS
8 1 (0.064%) GDPR
8 1 (0.064%) ISO 13485
8 1 (0.064%) MIL-STD-498
8 1 (0.064%) PSD2
System Software
1 200 (12.72%) Docker
2 25 (1.59%) Firmware
3 10 (0.64%) HDFS
4 5 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.25%) vSphere
6 3 (0.19%) Active Directory
6 3 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.13%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.064%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.064%) OpenAM
8 1 (0.064%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 110 (7.00%) Terraform
2 66 (4.20%) Ansible
3 60 (3.82%) Kubernetes
4 50 (3.18%) Puppet
5 22 (1.40%) Grafana
6 14 (0.89%) Kibana
7 10 (0.64%) Mesos
7 10 (0.64%) Opscode Chef
8 7 (0.45%) Graylog
9 4 (0.25%) Docker Swarm
9 4 (0.25%) logstash
9 4 (0.25%) Oozie
9 4 (0.25%) Salt
10 3 (0.19%) Packer
10 3 (0.19%) SELinux
11 2 (0.13%) Consul
11 2 (0.13%) Graphite
11 2 (0.13%) Marathon
12 1 (0.064%) Host Intrusion Detection System
12 1 (0.064%) rkt
Vendors
1 97 (6.17%) Oracle
2 77 (4.90%) Microsoft
3 54 (3.44%) Google
4 19 (1.21%) Zend
5 17 (1.08%) IBM
5 17 (1.08%) Splunk
6 16 (1.02%) Red Hat
6 16 (1.02%) Salesforce.com
7 13 (0.83%) Atlassian
8 10 (0.64%) SAP
9 9 (0.57%) Rackspace
10 8 (0.51%) Green Hills
10 8 (0.51%) VMware
11 7 (0.45%) AppDynamics
11 7 (0.45%) MapR
11 7 (0.45%) Serena
12 6 (0.38%) Black Duck
12 6 (0.38%) MuleSoft
12 6 (0.38%) New Relic
12 6 (0.38%) PTC