Period
to 22 October 2020

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 22 October 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
UK
6 months to
22 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 111 156 183
Rank change year-on-year +45 +27 +60
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 700 1,500 1,572
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.20% 1.77% 1.52%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.39% 1.88% 1.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 517 696 842
Median daily rate £525 £450 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +16.67% -5.26% +9.70%
10th Percentile £375 £321 £325
90th Percentile £800 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £436 £425 £440
% change year-on-year +2.65% -3.41% +10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 70 208 225
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £44.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.26% +6.74% +4.71%
10th Percentile £39.74 £41.18 £36.25
90th Percentile £50.60 £53.75 £51.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £44.50
% change year-on-year -5.26% +6.74% +4.71%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 29,343 79,860 97,857
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.28% 94.13% 94.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,464 52,400 64,308
Median daily rate £472 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.11% +2.78% +2.27%
10th Percentile £258 £263 £268
90th Percentile £663 £644 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £415
% change year-on-year - +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,183 2,875 3,138
Median hourly rate £28.00 £20.00 £17.86
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +40.00% +11.98% -4.49%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £11.00
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.50 £48.75
Median hourly rate £22.00 £18.19 £17.50
% change year-on-year +20.95% +3.94% -2.78%

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 22 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 22 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 22 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +47 616 £525 +16.67% 790
London +104 391 £585 +6.27% 268
UK excluding London -19 244 £436 +2.65% 609
Work from Home -20 104 £475 +18.75% 160
South East +35 68 £460 +8.24% 126
East of England +22 49 £400 - 94
South West -26 43 £450 +5.88% 100
North of England +36 38 £413 -4.07% 127
North West +63 28 £413 -6.25% 66
Midlands +34 20 £428 +0.59% 75
West Midlands +38 14 £403 -1.83% 44
Scotland +45 12 £400 -5.88% 57
Wales +1 11 £495 +32.00% 19
Yorkshire +26 7 £344 -20.06% 52
East Midlands +29 6 £475 -7.32% 31
North East +29 3 £475 +10.47% 9
Northern Ireland +11 3 £350 -30.00% 11

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 22 October 2020, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 679 (97.00%) Software Engineering
2 348 (49.71%) Agile Software Development
3 345 (49.29%) Java
4 312 (44.57%) AWS
5 305 (43.57%) Python
6 276 (39.43%) Finance
7 272 (38.86%) Web Services
8 250 (35.71%) Asset Management
9 248 (35.43%) JavaScript
10 196 (28.00%) React
11 189 (27.00%) Hedge funds
12 188 (26.86%) AngularJS
13 185 (26.43%) SQL
14 181 (25.86%) Front Office
15 177 (25.29%) Derivative
16 172 (24.57%) Fixed Income
17 166 (23.71%) Investment Management
18 161 (23.00%) Equities
19 158 (22.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
20 153 (21.86%) Microservices
20 153 (21.86%) Vue.js
21 140 (20.00%) C++
21 140 (20.00%) Azure
22 132 (18.86%) Serverless
23 129 (18.43%) C#
24 127 (18.14%) C
25 117 (16.71%) Banking
25 117 (16.71%) AWS Lambda
25 117 (16.71%) DevOps
26 106 (15.14%) Docker

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 86 (12.29%) Apache
2 20 (2.86%) Confluence
3 15 (2.14%) Apache Spark
3 15 (2.14%) WebLogic
4 13 (1.86%) Elasticsearch
5 11 (1.57%) Tomcat
6 6 (0.86%) CMS
7 4 (0.57%) OpenStack
7 4 (0.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 3 (0.43%) Apache Airflow
9 2 (0.29%) IIS
9 2 (0.29%) SAS
10 1 (0.14%) Cloud Foundry
10 1 (0.14%) DNN
10 1 (0.14%) JBoss
10 1 (0.14%) MQSeries
10 1 (0.14%) Predix
10 1 (0.14%) ThingWorx
10 1 (0.14%) WebSphere
10 1 (0.14%) WordPress
Applications
1 11 (1.57%) Simulink
2 5 (0.71%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.43%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.14%) Adobe Premiere
4 1 (0.14%) AutoCAD
4 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.14%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.14%) PTC Creo
4 1 (0.14%) Siemens NX
4 1 (0.14%) Sketch
4 1 (0.14%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 2 (0.29%) Oracle ERP
1 2 (0.29%) SAP ERP
2 1 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.14%) Dynamics NAV
2 1 (0.14%) Teamcenter
2 1 (0.14%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 312 (44.57%) AWS
2 140 (20.00%) Azure
3 132 (18.86%) Serverless
4 117 (16.71%) AWS Lambda
5 95 (13.57%) GCP
6 69 (9.86%) Amazon S3
7 62 (8.86%) Amazon EC2
8 45 (6.43%) Amazon ECS
9 43 (6.14%) Apigee
10 12 (1.71%) GitHub
11 8 (1.14%) BrowserStack
11 8 (1.14%) OpenShift
11 8 (1.14%) PaaS
11 8 (1.14%) SaaS
12 7 (1.00%) AWS CloudFormation
12 7 (1.00%) Slack
13 5 (0.71%) Cloud Computing
14 4 (0.57%) npm
15 3 (0.43%) Azure Functions
16 2 (0.29%) Kong
Communications & Networking
1 36 (5.14%) Wireless
2 32 (4.57%) Wi-Fi
3 24 (3.43%) Bluetooth
3 24 (3.43%) ZigBee
4 8 (1.14%) Ethernet
4 8 (1.14%) TCP/IP
5 7 (1.00%) 5G
5 7 (1.00%) RS-485
5 7 (1.00%) WAN
6 6 (0.86%) Modbus
7 4 (0.57%) 3G
7 4 (0.57%) 4G
7 4 (0.57%) DWDM
7 4 (0.57%) IPv4
7 4 (0.57%) IPv6
7 4 (0.57%) RS-422
7 4 (0.57%) SDH
7 4 (0.57%) SONET
8 3 (0.43%) HTTP
8 3 (0.43%) LTE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 88 (12.57%) SQL Server
2 71 (10.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 71 (10.14%) MySQL
3 68 (9.71%) PostgreSQL
4 42 (6.00%) Amazon Redshift
5 35 (5.00%) Relational Database
6 25 (3.57%) Apache Ignite
7 23 (3.29%) RDBMS
8 22 (3.14%) Amazon Aurora
8 22 (3.14%) NoSQL
9 16 (2.29%) Big Data
10 15 (2.14%) MongoDB
11 10 (1.43%) Amazon RDS
11 10 (1.43%) Neo4j
12 7 (1.00%) Redis
13 6 (0.86%) Oracle Database
14 4 (0.57%) Data Mart
15 3 (0.43%) Data Warehouse
15 3 (0.43%) Oracle ODI
16 2 (0.29%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 74 (10.57%) Jenkins
2 65 (9.29%) Git (software)
3 59 (8.43%) GitLab
4 42 (6.00%) Artifactory
5 30 (4.29%) JIRA
6 26 (3.71%) Cucumber
7 25 (3.57%) Visual Studio
8 22 (3.14%) Selenium
9 19 (2.71%) JUnit
10 16 (2.29%) Maven
10 16 (2.29%) Postman
11 15 (2.14%) SpecFlow
12 14 (2.00%) RStudio
13 12 (1.71%) Eclipse
14 11 (1.57%) Rational Rhapsody
15 9 (1.29%) Ant
15 9 (1.29%) Subversion
15 9 (1.29%) webpack
16 8 (1.14%) JMeter
16 8 (1.14%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 276 (39.43%) Finance
2 181 (25.86%) Front Office
3 117 (16.71%) Banking
4 51 (7.29%) Investment Banking
5 35 (5.00%) Electronics
6 22 (3.14%) Public Sector
7 20 (2.86%) Law
8 15 (2.14%) Telecoms
9 10 (1.43%) Aerospace
10 7 (1.00%) Marketing
11 5 (0.71%) Retail
12 3 (0.43%) Automotive
12 3 (0.43%) Avionics
12 3 (0.43%) Back Office
12 3 (0.43%) Games
12 3 (0.43%) Manufacturing
13 2 (0.29%) French Language
13 2 (0.29%) Military
13 2 (0.29%) Publishing
14 1 (0.14%) German Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 272 (38.86%) Web Services
2 196 (28.00%) React
3 188 (26.86%) AngularJS
4 153 (21.86%) Vue.js
5 82 (11.71%) .NET
6 79 (11.29%) gRPC
7 71 (10.14%) Node.js
8 54 (7.71%) Swagger
9 52 (7.43%) Spring
10 48 (6.86%) ASP.NET
11 46 (6.57%) .NET Core
12 45 (6.43%) OAuth
13 37 (5.29%) ASP.NET Core
14 34 (4.86%) HTML
15 33 (4.71%) CSS
16 25 (3.57%) REST
16 25 (3.57%) Yocto
17 22 (3.14%) RESTful
17 22 (3.14%) XML
18 21 (3.00%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 189 (27.00%) Hedge funds
2 177 (25.29%) Derivative
3 172 (24.57%) Fixed Income
4 161 (23.00%) Equities
5 158 (22.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 75 (10.71%) Greenfield Project
7 32 (4.57%) Analytical Skills
8 27 (3.86%) Device Driver
9 20 (2.86%) Home Automation
10 19 (2.71%) Credit Derivative
11 16 (2.29%) Algorithms
12 14 (2.00%) Pricing Data
13 13 (1.86%) User Experience
14 9 (1.29%) Mobile App
15 8 (1.14%) Blog
16 7 (1.00%) Reference Data
16 7 (1.00%) Self-Motivation
17 6 (0.86%) Embedded Systems
18 5 (0.71%) Cloud Native
18 5 (0.71%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 71 (10.14%) Linux
2 16 (2.29%) Windows
3 13 (1.86%) Android
4 12 (1.71%) Embedded Linux
5 11 (1.57%) Unix
6 8 (1.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 6 (0.86%) Apple iOS
7 6 (0.86%) OpenVMS
8 5 (0.71%) Ubuntu
9 4 (0.57%) FreeRTOS
10 3 (0.43%) OpenWrt
11 2 (0.29%) AIX
12 1 (0.14%) Debian
12 1 (0.14%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.14%) SafeRTOS
12 1 (0.14%) VMS
12 1 (0.14%) VxWorks
12 1 (0.14%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 679 (97.00%) Software Engineering
2 348 (49.71%) Agile Software Development
3 250 (35.71%) Asset Management
4 166 (23.71%) Investment Management
5 153 (21.86%) Microservices
6 117 (16.71%) DevOps
7 59 (8.43%) Fintech
8 58 (8.29%) TDD
9 57 (8.14%) Test Automation
10 50 (7.14%) Migration
11 39 (5.57%) Problem-Solving
12 36 (5.14%) Portfolio Management
13 35 (5.00%) Continuous Integration
13 35 (5.00%) UML
14 34 (4.86%) BDD
14 34 (4.86%) Scrum
15 32 (4.57%) Unit Testing
16 27 (3.86%) Machine Learning
16 27 (3.86%) SDLC
17 25 (3.57%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 345 (49.29%) Java
2 305 (43.57%) Python
3 248 (35.43%) JavaScript
4 185 (26.43%) SQL
5 140 (20.00%) C++
6 129 (18.43%) C#
7 127 (18.14%) C
8 90 (12.86%) Kotlin
9 50 (7.14%) TypeScript
10 33 (4.71%) Embedded C
10 33 (4.71%) Embedded C++
11 28 (4.00%) Scala
12 20 (2.86%) Ada
12 20 (2.86%) Go
13 17 (2.43%) MATLAB
14 14 (2.00%) Clojure
14 14 (2.00%) PHP
15 12 (1.71%) R
16 11 (1.57%) Bash Shell
17 10 (1.43%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 75 (10.71%) Security Cleared
2 59 (8.43%) SC Cleared
3 22 (3.14%) Degree
4 10 (1.43%) BPSS Clearance
5 9 (1.29%) ISTQB
6 7 (1.00%) DV Cleared
7 6 (0.86%) DBS Check
8 5 (0.71%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 5 (0.71%) PhD
9 4 (0.57%) Computer Science Degree
9 4 (0.57%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 3 (0.43%) Master's Degree
11 2 (0.29%) RHCE
11 2 (0.29%) RHCSA
12 1 (0.14%) AWS Certification
12 1 (0.14%) HNC
12 1 (0.14%) HND
12 1 (0.14%) VCDX
12 1 (0.14%) VCP6
12 1 (0.14%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (1.86%) QA
2 10 (1.43%) Data Quality
3 6 (0.86%) GDPR
4 4 (0.57%) OASIS TOSCA
5 3 (0.43%) DO-178B
5 3 (0.43%) JTAG
5 3 (0.43%) MISRA
6 1 (0.14%) Def Stans
6 1 (0.14%) IEC 62304
6 1 (0.14%) ISO 9000
6 1 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.14%) TickIT
System Software
1 106 (15.14%) Docker
2 9 (1.29%) Firmware
3 3 (0.43%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.14%) Hyper-V
4 1 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
4 1 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
4 1 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.14%) vSphere
4 1 (0.14%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 99 (14.14%) Kubernetes
2 31 (4.43%) Terraform
3 7 (1.00%) Ansible
4 6 (0.86%) Graphite
5 5 (0.71%) ITRS Geneos
5 5 (0.71%) Tivoli
6 3 (0.43%) Puppet
7 2 (0.29%) CFEngine
8 1 (0.14%) Grafana
8 1 (0.14%) HP Quality Center
8 1 (0.14%) Kibana
8 1 (0.14%) logstash
8 1 (0.14%) Opscode Chef
8 1 (0.14%) SCCM
Vendors
1 91 (13.00%) Oracle
2 86 (12.29%) Google
3 24 (3.43%) Microsoft
4 15 (2.14%) Bloomberg
5 14 (2.00%) Sybase
6 9 (1.29%) Splunk
7 8 (1.14%) Atmel
7 8 (1.14%) IBM
8 7 (1.00%) Atlassian
9 6 (0.86%) Talend
10 5 (0.71%) Murex
10 5 (0.71%) SAP
11 4 (0.57%) VMware
12 3 (0.43%) CA
12 3 (0.43%) FXall
12 3 (0.43%) hybris
12 3 (0.43%) Informatica
12 3 (0.43%) MuleSoft
12 3 (0.43%) Sony
12 3 (0.43%) Xamarin