Period
to 20 January 2020

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 20 January 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
UK
6 months to
20 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 157 191 235
Rank change year-on-year +34 +44 -4
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 1,232 1,444 1,107
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.70% 1.47% 1.11%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.82% 1.56% 1.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 639 741 559
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +8.82%
10th Percentile £357 £325 £315
90th Percentile £638 £613 £616
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £418
% change year-on-year +5.88% +1.80% +4.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 145 217 184
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £45.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £41.25 £33.08 £34.13
90th Percentile £53.56 £51.10 £50.77
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 67,797 92,860 94,389
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.82% 94.72% 94.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 44,156 61,376 62,680
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £450
10th Percentile £241 £269 £260
90th Percentile £644 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,698 2,829 2,780
UK median hourly rate £19.00 £18.70 £18.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.60% +1.08% +2.78%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.00 £10.75
90th Percentile £51.75 £48.75 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.00 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +2.86% - -

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 20 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 20 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 20 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +40 1,129 £490 +3.16% 1,379
UK excluding London +30 765 £450 +5.88% 1,155
London +60 448 £550 +4.76% 361
South West +75 275 £450 +16.13% 188
South East -61 137 £450 - 288
North of England +20 121 £450 +4.05% 221
East of England +37 112 £413 -1.79% 198
North West +23 65 £425 - 119
Wales +15 58 £450 +11.11% 35
Yorkshire +16 48 £475 +5.56% 81
Midlands -13 33 £450 +2.86% 122
Scotland +17 29 £425 +6.25% 93
West Midlands -8 20 £425 -4.23% 84
East Midlands +16 13 £488 +39.29% 38
North East +5 8 £428 -5.00% 21

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 20 January 2020, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 1,207 (97.97%) Software Engineering
2 532 (43.18%) Agile Software Development
3 450 (36.53%) Java
4 408 (33.12%) C++
5 407 (33.04%) Python
6 318 (25.81%) C#
7 312 (25.32%) C
8 290 (23.54%) JavaScript
9 243 (19.72%) Security Cleared
10 241 (19.56%) Linux
11 239 (19.40%) AWS
12 220 (17.86%) DevOps
13 211 (17.13%) Microservices
14 199 (16.15%) .NET
15 195 (15.83%) Finance
16 190 (15.42%) Web Services
17 166 (13.47%) SQL
18 159 (12.91%) SC Cleared
19 158 (12.82%) TDD
20 157 (12.74%) Azure
21 153 (12.42%) OO
22 148 (12.01%) React
23 144 (11.69%) Continuous Integration
24 137 (11.12%) Git (software)
25 129 (10.47%) Test Automation
25 129 (10.47%) Docker
26 125 (10.15%) AngularJS
27 124 (10.06%) Embedded C
28 121 (9.82%) Node.js
29 120 (9.74%) UML

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (2.27%) Elasticsearch
2 18 (1.46%) Apache Spark
3 16 (1.30%) Apache
4 14 (1.14%) Confluence
5 13 (1.06%) Tomcat
6 7 (0.57%) Cloud Foundry
6 7 (0.57%) CMS
6 7 (0.57%) JBoss
6 7 (0.57%) Mendix
6 7 (0.57%) nginx
7 5 (0.41%) SAS
7 5 (0.41%) WebLogic
8 4 (0.32%) SharePoint
9 3 (0.24%) IIS
9 3 (0.24%) Jupyter
9 3 (0.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 3 (0.24%) Sonic ESB
10 2 (0.16%) EPiServer
10 2 (0.16%) OpenEdge
10 2 (0.16%) WinCC
Applications
1 20 (1.62%) Simulink
2 11 (0.89%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.49%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.16%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.16%) PlantUML
5 1 (0.081%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.081%) AutoCAD
5 1 (0.081%) Blender
5 1 (0.081%) Inkscape
5 1 (0.081%) MODO
5 1 (0.081%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 19 (1.54%) FINCAD Analytics
2 8 (0.65%) PolarLake
3 7 (0.57%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 6 (0.49%) Markit EDM
5 4 (0.32%) osCommerce
5 4 (0.32%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 3 (0.24%) Eikon
6 3 (0.24%) LabWindows
7 2 (0.16%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.081%) ION MarketView
8 1 (0.081%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 239 (19.40%) AWS
2 157 (12.74%) Azure
3 72 (5.84%) Serverless
4 63 (5.11%) GitHub
5 61 (4.95%) GCP
6 50 (4.06%) AWS Lambda
7 40 (3.25%) Amazon S3
8 26 (2.11%) Amazon SQS
9 22 (1.79%) Amazon EC2
10 18 (1.46%) AWS CloudFormation
10 18 (1.46%) AWS Step Functions
10 18 (1.46%) OpenShift
11 17 (1.38%) Amazon ECS
12 11 (0.89%) Azure Functions
13 5 (0.41%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 5 (0.41%) Azure Active Directory
13 5 (0.41%) CloudFront
13 5 (0.41%) Power Platform
14 4 (0.32%) Boomi
14 4 (0.32%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 29 (2.35%) TCP/IP
2 24 (1.95%) Internet
3 21 (1.70%) DNS
4 19 (1.54%) RS-485
4 19 (1.54%) Wireless
5 18 (1.46%) RS-232
6 13 (1.06%) Ethernet
6 13 (1.06%) Wireshark
7 12 (0.97%) HTTP
8 10 (0.81%) Bluetooth
9 9 (0.73%) Wi-Fi
10 6 (0.49%) ZigBee
11 5 (0.41%) DHCP
12 4 (0.32%) 5G
12 4 (0.32%) VoIP
13 3 (0.24%) 4G
13 3 (0.24%) AMQP
13 3 (0.24%) Firewall
13 3 (0.24%) SSH
13 3 (0.24%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 100 (8.12%) SQL Server
2 75 (6.09%) MySQL
3 66 (5.36%) NoSQL
4 65 (5.28%) MongoDB
4 65 (5.28%) PostgreSQL
5 63 (5.11%) Relational Database
6 56 (4.55%) Big Data
7 44 (3.57%) RDBMS
8 40 (3.25%) Amazon Aurora
9 37 (3.00%) Amazon RDS
10 30 (2.44%) Hadoop
11 29 (2.35%) Amazon Athena
12 28 (2.27%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 24 (1.95%) Amazon Redshift
14 21 (1.70%) Redis
15 13 (1.06%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 10 (0.81%) Data Lake
17 9 (0.73%) HBase
17 9 (0.73%) KDB
17 9 (0.73%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 137 (11.12%) Git (software)
2 103 (8.36%) Jenkins
3 66 (5.36%) JIRA
4 57 (4.63%) Rational Rhapsody
5 43 (3.49%) Maven
6 37 (3.00%) Selenium
7 36 (2.92%) Cucumber
8 34 (2.76%) Rational DOORS
9 29 (2.35%) Visual Studio Team System
10 25 (2.03%) Subversion
11 24 (1.95%) Visual Studio
12 22 (1.79%) Jasmine
13 19 (1.54%) Gradle
14 16 (1.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 16 (1.30%) Eclipse
14 16 (1.30%) GitLab
15 15 (1.22%) Artifactory
16 13 (1.06%) JUnit
16 13 (1.06%) SonarQube
16 13 (1.06%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 195 (15.83%) Finance
2 88 (7.14%) Front Office
3 43 (3.49%) Banking
4 40 (3.25%) Law
5 33 (2.68%) Electronics
6 28 (2.27%) Military
7 24 (1.95%) Public Sector
8 21 (1.70%) Manufacturing
9 19 (1.54%) Aerospace
10 16 (1.30%) Investment Banking
11 14 (1.14%) Telecoms
12 12 (0.97%) Marketing
13 10 (0.81%) Automotive
14 9 (0.73%) Retail
15 8 (0.65%) Avionics
15 8 (0.65%) Back Office
16 5 (0.41%) Games
17 4 (0.32%) Financial Institution
17 4 (0.32%) Publishing
18 3 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 199 (16.15%) .NET
2 190 (15.42%) Web Services
3 148 (12.01%) React
4 125 (10.15%) AngularJS
5 121 (9.82%) Node.js
6 99 (8.04%) HTML
7 93 (7.55%) CSS
8 87 (7.06%) Spring
9 77 (6.25%) J2EE
10 59 (4.79%) REST
11 56 (4.55%) RESTful
12 47 (3.81%) .NET Core
13 44 (3.57%) ASP.NET
14 39 (3.17%) Kafka
15 31 (2.52%) HTML5
15 31 (2.52%) Spring Boot
16 25 (2.03%) ASP.NET Web API
16 25 (2.03%) jQuery
17 24 (1.95%) gRPC
17 24 (1.95%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 68 (5.52%) Fixed Income
2 66 (5.36%) Greenfield Project
3 55 (4.46%) Derivative
4 46 (3.73%) Analytical Skills
5 43 (3.49%) Embedded Systems
6 35 (2.84%) Algorithms
7 32 (2.60%) Hedge funds
8 30 (2.44%) User Experience
9 25 (2.03%) Mobile App
10 20 (1.62%) Pricing Data
11 19 (1.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 19 (1.54%) Linux Command Line
11 19 (1.54%) Public Cloud
12 18 (1.46%) Device Driver
12 18 (1.46%) Equities
12 18 (1.46%) Self-Motivation
13 17 (1.38%) Blog
14 16 (1.30%) Enterprise Software
15 14 (1.14%) Data Structures
16 13 (1.06%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 241 (19.56%) Linux
2 68 (5.52%) Windows
3 64 (5.19%) Unix
4 45 (3.65%) FreeRTOS
5 38 (3.08%) ThreadX
6 31 (2.52%) Embedded Linux
7 23 (1.87%) Android
8 19 (1.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 14 (1.14%) CentOS
9 14 (1.14%) Ubuntu
10 12 (0.97%) Windows Server
11 11 (0.89%) Debian
11 11 (0.89%) VxWorks
12 10 (0.81%) Apple iOS
13 9 (0.73%) Windows Server 2012
14 6 (0.49%) Windows 10
15 5 (0.41%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 5 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
16 3 (0.24%) SafeRTOS
16 3 (0.24%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,207 (97.97%) Software Engineering
2 532 (43.18%) Agile Software Development
3 220 (17.86%) DevOps
4 211 (17.13%) Microservices
5 158 (12.82%) TDD
6 153 (12.42%) OO
7 144 (11.69%) Continuous Integration
8 129 (10.47%) Test Automation
9 120 (9.74%) UML
10 103 (8.36%) Asset Management
11 94 (7.63%) Scrum
12 89 (7.22%) Computer Science
13 70 (5.68%) SOA
14 68 (5.52%) OOD
15 67 (5.44%) Problem-Solving
16 63 (5.11%) Open Source
17 58 (4.71%) Cybersecurity
17 58 (4.71%) Unit Testing
18 57 (4.63%) BDD
19 56 (4.55%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 450 (36.53%) Java
2 408 (33.12%) C++
3 407 (33.04%) Python
4 318 (25.81%) C#
5 312 (25.32%) C
6 290 (23.54%) JavaScript
7 166 (13.47%) SQL
8 124 (10.06%) Embedded C
9 93 (7.55%) Embedded C++
10 58 (4.71%) R
10 58 (4.71%) TypeScript
11 44 (3.57%) Ruby
12 35 (2.84%) Java 8
13 29 (2.35%) Go
14 28 (2.27%) PowerShell
15 25 (2.03%) Kotlin
16 22 (1.79%) Bash Shell
16 22 (1.79%) Shell Script
17 20 (1.62%) PHP
18 19 (1.54%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 243 (19.72%) Security Cleared
2 159 (12.91%) SC Cleared
3 98 (7.95%) Degree
4 88 (7.14%) DV Cleared
5 35 (2.84%) Computer Science Degree
6 12 (0.97%) Master's Degree
7 7 (0.57%) Numerate Degree
8 6 (0.49%) BPSS Clearance
9 5 (0.41%) PhD
10 3 (0.24%) CCNA
10 3 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
10 3 (0.24%) ISTQB
11 2 (0.16%) CCNP
11 2 (0.16%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.16%) HND
12 1 (0.081%) AWS Certification
12 1 (0.081%) MBA
12 1 (0.081%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (2.68%) QA
2 21 (1.70%) MISRA
3 8 (0.65%) DO-178B
4 7 (0.57%) MISRA C
5 6 (0.49%) IEC 61508
6 5 (0.41%) ISO 26262
7 3 (0.24%) Data Quality
7 3 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
7 3 (0.24%) IEC 62304
8 2 (0.16%) ECSS
8 2 (0.16%) JTAG
System Software
1 129 (10.47%) Docker
2 11 (0.89%) Active Directory
2 11 (0.89%) Firmware
3 9 (0.73%) VMware ESXi
4 7 (0.57%) HDFS
5 6 (0.49%) Hyper-V
5 6 (0.49%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.32%) DFS Replication
6 4 (0.32%) Microsoft App-V
6 4 (0.32%) VMware Infrastructure
7 3 (0.24%) VirtualBox
8 2 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.16%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.081%) LXC
9 1 (0.081%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 97 (7.87%) Kubernetes
2 52 (4.22%) Ansible
3 38 (3.08%) Terraform
4 10 (0.81%) Grafana
5 8 (0.65%) Prometheus
6 7 (0.57%) Puppet
7 6 (0.49%) vCenter Server
8 5 (0.41%) Opscode Chef
9 4 (0.32%) Failover Clustering
9 4 (0.32%) HAProxy
9 4 (0.32%) Kibana
9 4 (0.32%) Microsoft Clustering
9 4 (0.32%) SCCM
9 4 (0.32%) WSUS
10 3 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
10 3 (0.24%) SCOM
10 3 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
11 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
11 2 (0.16%) Packer
11 2 (0.16%) SELinux
Vendors
1 82 (6.66%) Oracle
2 66 (5.36%) Microsoft
3 65 (5.28%) Google
4 31 (2.52%) Bloomberg
5 24 (1.95%) Sybase
6 22 (1.79%) Apple
7 18 (1.46%) SAP
8 15 (1.22%) Reuters
9 13 (1.06%) Atlassian
10 11 (0.89%) Facebook
11 10 (0.81%) VMware
12 8 (0.65%) Cisco
12 8 (0.65%) Dell
12 8 (0.65%) hybris
12 8 (0.65%) Red Hat
12 8 (0.65%) Salesforce.com
12 8 (0.65%) Splunk
13 7 (0.57%) Adobe
13 7 (0.57%) IBM
13 7 (0.57%) Twitter