Period
to 19 June 2019

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £450 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 19 June 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
UK
6 months to
19 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 183 208 230
Rank change year-on-year +25 +22 +25
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 1,388 1,327 1,015
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.53% 1.33% 1.12%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.62% 1.40% 1.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 664 715 533
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.14% +5.00%
10th Percentile £319 £325 £313
90th Percentile £588 £612 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £416 £425 £400
% change year-on-year -2.06% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 208 217 217
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £43.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.65% +1.18% -
10th Percentile £39.78 £32.00 £32.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £61.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £42.75
% change year-on-year +5.88% -0.58% +0.59%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 85,772 94,560 86,421
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.56% 94.82% 95.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,324 61,894 55,966
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.07%
10th Percentile £274 £269 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,813 3,049 2,878
UK median hourly rate £19.50 £18.00 £18.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.33% -3.99% -6.26%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.00 £10.75
90th Percentile £51.48 £48.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.06 £17.50 £17.77
% change year-on-year +3.17% -1.52% -11.15%

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 19 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 19 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 19 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +24 1,256 £450 - 1,345
UK excluding London +21 957 £416 -2.06% 1,157
London +37 412 £525 +5.00% 330
South East +11 289 £425 -5.56% 294
South West +15 205 £361 -3.67% 175
East of England +25 125 £375 - 245
North of England -38 120 £413 -5.71% 167
Midlands +53 103 £425 +13.33% 137
West Midlands +37 79 £420 +5.13% 83
Yorkshire -26 71 £419 -1.47% 50
Scotland +60 62 £425 -10.53% 84
Wales -17 48 £403 -3.59% 41
North West -30 36 £425 -10.53% 95
East Midlands +31 23 £513 +36.67% 54
North East +19 13 £356 -6.25% 22
Northern Ireland +12 5 £500 - 18

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 19 June 2019, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 1,350 (97.26%) Software Engineering
2 548 (39.48%) C++
3 495 (35.66%) Agile Software Development
4 431 (31.05%) Java
5 334 (24.06%) C
6 302 (21.76%) C#
7 299 (21.54%) Python
8 293 (21.11%) Linux
9 283 (20.39%) JavaScript
10 222 (15.99%) .NET
11 216 (15.56%) Security Cleared
12 211 (15.20%) SQL
13 207 (14.91%) Docker
14 190 (13.69%) Amazon AWS
15 188 (13.54%) SC Cleared
16 182 (13.11%) Git (software)
17 175 (12.61%) UML
18 171 (12.32%) DevOps
19 163 (11.74%) Microservices
20 155 (11.17%) Degree
21 154 (11.10%) TDD
22 152 (10.95%) Scrum
22 152 (10.95%) Microsoft Azure
23 137 (9.87%) Node.js
23 137 (9.87%) Finance
24 136 (9.80%) Problem-Solving
25 134 (9.65%) AngularJS
26 131 (9.44%) Test Automation
27 128 (9.22%) Computer Science
28 127 (9.15%) Web Services

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (3.03%) Elasticsearch
2 39 (2.81%) Apache
3 36 (2.59%) Confluence
4 35 (2.52%) Apache Spark
5 15 (1.08%) SharePoint
6 13 (0.94%) JBoss
7 7 (0.50%) GeoServer
7 7 (0.50%) nginx
7 7 (0.50%) WebLogic
8 6 (0.43%) Tomcat
9 5 (0.36%) Apache Qpid
9 5 (0.36%) CMS
9 5 (0.36%) Jupyter
9 5 (0.36%) WebSphere
10 4 (0.29%) Cloud Foundry
11 3 (0.22%) Apache Airflow
11 3 (0.22%) OpenStack
11 3 (0.22%) WebSphere Application Server
12 2 (0.14%) IIS
12 2 (0.14%) SAS
Applications
1 31 (2.23%) Simulink
2 14 (1.01%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (0.79%) Microsoft Excel
4 5 (0.36%) Adobe Illustrator
4 5 (0.36%) Inkscape
5 3 (0.22%) Adobe XD
5 3 (0.22%) InVision
5 3 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.22%) Windchill
6 2 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.072%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.072%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.072%) PrintSoft PReS
7 1 (0.072%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 4 (0.29%) Eikon
2 3 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.22%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.14%) Magento
3 2 (0.14%) Markit EDM
3 2 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.072%) Decalog
4 1 (0.072%) Front Arena
Cloud Services
1 190 (13.69%) Amazon AWS
2 152 (10.95%) Microsoft Azure
3 76 (5.48%) Serverless
4 74 (5.33%) GitHub
5 44 (3.17%) AWS Lambda
6 43 (3.10%) Google Cloud Platform
7 34 (2.45%) Amazon S3
8 33 (2.38%) Amazon EC2
9 32 (2.31%) AWS CloudFormation
10 23 (1.66%) Azure Functions
11 21 (1.51%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
12 17 (1.22%) Amazon SQS
13 15 (1.08%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 14 (1.01%) Cloud Computing
14 14 (1.01%) PaaS
15 12 (0.86%) SaaS
16 9 (0.65%) Amazon Kinesis
16 9 (0.65%) Heroku
16 9 (0.65%) Stackdriver
17 7 (0.50%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 30 (2.16%) TCP/IP
2 19 (1.37%) Ethernet
2 19 (1.37%) VoIP
3 14 (1.01%) HTTP
3 14 (1.01%) Wireshark
4 13 (0.94%) RS-232
5 12 (0.86%) RS-485
6 11 (0.79%) 5G
6 11 (0.79%) Firewall
6 11 (0.79%) IPv6
6 11 (0.79%) Wireless
7 10 (0.72%) DVB
8 9 (0.65%) LTE
9 8 (0.58%) 4G
9 8 (0.58%) Bluetooth
9 8 (0.58%) Wi-Fi
10 7 (0.50%) Internet
11 6 (0.43%) Software-Defined Networking
12 5 (0.36%) SNMP
13 4 (0.29%) 3G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 114 (8.21%) SQL Server
2 78 (5.62%) Big Data
3 70 (5.04%) PostgreSQL
4 61 (4.39%) NoSQL
5 52 (3.75%) MySQL
6 50 (3.60%) MongoDB
7 41 (2.95%) Hadoop
8 40 (2.88%) Relational Database
9 39 (2.81%) Amazon RDS
10 30 (2.16%) Redis
11 27 (1.95%) RDBMS
12 25 (1.80%) Cosmos DB
13 24 (1.73%) Amazon Redshift
14 23 (1.66%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 21 (1.51%) Apache Cassandra
16 20 (1.44%) Neo4j
17 19 (1.37%) GIS
18 16 (1.15%) Data Warehouse
19 12 (0.86%) Apache Hive
20 11 (0.79%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 182 (13.11%) Git (software)
2 123 (8.86%) Jenkins
3 115 (8.29%) Visual Studio
4 88 (6.34%) Rational Rhapsody
5 83 (5.98%) JIRA
6 70 (5.04%) Rational DOORS
7 48 (3.46%) Selenium
8 42 (3.03%) Cucumber
9 38 (2.74%) Maven
10 33 (2.38%) GitLab
11 31 (2.23%) Rational Team Concert
11 31 (2.23%) Subversion
12 25 (1.80%) NetBeans
13 23 (1.66%) Team Foundation Server
14 21 (1.51%) TeamCity
15 20 (1.44%) SonarQube
16 19 (1.37%) Artifactory
16 19 (1.37%) Eclipse
17 17 (1.22%) SpecFlow
17 17 (1.22%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 137 (9.87%) Finance
2 52 (3.75%) Electronics
3 47 (3.39%) Law
4 43 (3.10%) Aerospace
5 37 (2.67%) Banking
5 37 (2.67%) Front Office
6 32 (2.31%) Telecoms
7 28 (2.02%) Manufacturing
8 24 (1.73%) Retail
9 22 (1.59%) Automotive
10 21 (1.51%) Military
11 15 (1.08%) Avionics
12 13 (0.94%) Advertising
12 13 (0.94%) Legal
13 12 (0.86%) French Language
13 12 (0.86%) Investment Banking
14 9 (0.65%) Publishing
15 8 (0.58%) Games
16 7 (0.50%) Financial Institution
16 7 (0.50%) German Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 222 (15.99%) .NET
2 137 (9.87%) Node.js
3 134 (9.65%) AngularJS
4 127 (9.15%) Web Services
5 122 (8.79%) HTML
6 108 (7.78%) React
7 107 (7.71%) RESTful
8 106 (7.64%) CSS
9 89 (6.41%) Spring
10 75 (5.40%) REST
11 58 (4.18%) HTML5
12 54 (3.89%) WPF
13 53 (3.82%) ASP.NET
13 53 (3.82%) JSON
14 51 (3.67%) Kafka
14 51 (3.67%) Redux
14 51 (3.67%) XML
15 48 (3.46%) .NET Core
16 47 (3.39%) Spring Boot
17 44 (3.17%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 72 (5.19%) Analytical Skills
2 64 (4.61%) Algorithms
3 54 (3.89%) Embedded Systems
4 49 (3.53%) User Experience
5 41 (2.95%) Greenfield Project
6 34 (2.45%) Self-Motivation
7 30 (2.16%) Fixed Income
8 29 (2.09%) Derivative
9 27 (1.95%) Robotics
10 22 (1.59%) Data Structures
11 19 (1.37%) TMS320
12 18 (1.30%) Device Driver
13 16 (1.15%) Virtual Team
14 15 (1.08%) Life Science
15 13 (0.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 13 (0.94%) Public Cloud
15 13 (0.94%) State Machine
15 13 (0.94%) VHDL
16 12 (0.86%) Cloud Native
16 12 (0.86%) Digital Media
Operating Systems
1 293 (21.11%) Linux
2 124 (8.93%) Windows
3 47 (3.39%) Embedded Linux
4 46 (3.31%) Android
4 46 (3.31%) Unix
5 16 (1.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 15 (1.08%) FreeRTOS
6 15 (1.08%) Ubuntu
7 11 (0.79%) CentOS
8 9 (0.65%) Apple iOS
9 8 (0.58%) Fedora
10 6 (0.43%) Windows Embedded Compact
11 4 (0.29%) VxWorks
12 3 (0.22%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.22%) Windows Server
12 3 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.14%) Debian
14 1 (0.072%) Mac OS X
14 1 (0.072%) Solaris
14 1 (0.072%) ThreadX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,350 (97.26%) Software Engineering
2 495 (35.66%) Agile Software Development
3 175 (12.61%) UML
4 171 (12.32%) DevOps
5 163 (11.74%) Microservices
6 154 (11.10%) TDD
7 152 (10.95%) Scrum
8 136 (9.80%) Problem-Solving
9 131 (9.44%) Test Automation
10 128 (9.22%) Computer Science
11 122 (8.79%) OO
12 120 (8.65%) Continuous Integration
13 100 (7.20%) Configuration Management
14 90 (6.48%) Multithreading
15 86 (6.20%) Unit Testing
16 84 (6.05%) SDLC
17 73 (5.26%) Mathematics
18 61 (4.39%) BDD
18 61 (4.39%) Mentoring
19 58 (4.18%) Embedded Software Development
Programming Languages
1 548 (39.48%) C++
2 431 (31.05%) Java
3 334 (24.06%) C
4 302 (21.76%) C#
5 299 (21.54%) Python
6 283 (20.39%) JavaScript
7 211 (15.20%) SQL
8 120 (8.65%) Embedded C
9 79 (5.69%) Embedded C++
10 45 (3.24%) TypeScript
11 43 (3.10%) Scala
12 40 (2.88%) Bash Shell
12 40 (2.88%) Java 8
13 39 (2.81%) Go
14 36 (2.59%) MATLAB
15 33 (2.38%) PowerShell
16 31 (2.23%) Ada
17 27 (1.95%) PHP
17 27 (1.95%) Ruby
18 21 (1.51%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 216 (15.56%) Security Cleared
2 188 (13.54%) SC Cleared
3 155 (11.17%) Degree
4 43 (3.10%) Computer Science Degree
5 23 (1.66%) Numerate Degree
6 20 (1.44%) Master's Degree
7 13 (0.94%) DV Cleared
8 12 (0.86%) BPSS Clearance
9 11 (0.79%) PhD
10 3 (0.22%) AWS Certification
11 2 (0.14%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.14%) Sun Certification
12 1 (0.072%) BC Cleared
12 1 (0.072%) Chartered Engineer
12 1 (0.072%) HND
12 1 (0.072%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (2.31%) QA
2 28 (2.02%) MISRA
3 22 (1.59%) DO-178B
4 18 (1.30%) MISRA C
5 6 (0.43%) IEC 61508
6 4 (0.29%) ISO 15022
6 4 (0.29%) ISO 20022
7 3 (0.22%) GDPR
7 3 (0.22%) IEC 62304
7 3 (0.22%) NCSC
8 2 (0.14%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.14%) Dublin Core
8 2 (0.14%) PSD2
9 1 (0.072%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.072%) DO-254
9 1 (0.072%) IFRS
9 1 (0.072%) ISO 26262
9 1 (0.072%) MIL-STD-498
9 1 (0.072%) OASIS TOSCA
System Software
1 207 (14.91%) Docker
2 25 (1.80%) Firmware
3 15 (1.08%) Active Directory
4 10 (0.72%) LXC
5 4 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.14%) HDFS
6 2 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.072%) BusyBox
7 1 (0.072%) KVM
Systems Management
1 113 (8.14%) Kubernetes
2 55 (3.96%) Terraform
3 37 (2.67%) Ansible
4 13 (0.94%) Puppet
5 10 (0.72%) Grafana
6 7 (0.50%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (0.50%) WMI
7 5 (0.36%) Mesos
8 4 (0.29%) logstash
9 3 (0.22%) Graphite
9 3 (0.22%) Kibana
9 3 (0.22%) Marathon
9 3 (0.22%) Packer
10 2 (0.14%) Forefront Identity Manager
10 2 (0.14%) Oozie
10 2 (0.14%) SCOrch
10 2 (0.14%) SELinux
10 2 (0.14%) Single Sign-On
11 1 (0.072%) CA Service Virtualization
11 1 (0.072%) Ionix
Vendors
1 93 (6.70%) Microsoft
2 69 (4.97%) Oracle
3 43 (3.10%) Google
4 25 (1.80%) Bloomberg
4 25 (1.80%) IBM
5 24 (1.73%) Atlassian
6 21 (1.51%) Reuters
7 20 (1.44%) Red Hat
8 14 (1.01%) Serena
9 11 (0.79%) Cypress Semiconductor
9 11 (0.79%) Telerik
10 10 (0.72%) Adobe
11 9 (0.65%) SAP
12 8 (0.58%) Databricks
12 8 (0.58%) MuleSoft
12 8 (0.58%) Sybase
12 8 (0.58%) VMware
13 6 (0.43%) Freescale
14 5 (0.36%) CA Agile Central
14 5 (0.36%) New Relic