Period
to 7 August 2020

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 7 August 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
UK
6 months to
7 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 126 174 204
Rank change year-on-year +48 +30 +42
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 697 1,454 1,404
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.98% 1.60% 1.37%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.13% 1.69% 1.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 444 669 790
Median daily rate £525 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +16.67% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £360 £313 £320
90th Percentile £763 £588 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 83 210 217
Median hourly rate £46.00 £46.38 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.81% +7.85% +1.18%
10th Percentile £37.16 £40.23 £29.60
90th Percentile £52.90 £53.75 £51.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -2.17% +8.24% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 32,789 86,006 97,405
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.11% 94.35% 94.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,375 56,495 63,749
Median daily rate £475 £465 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.15% +3.33% +3.45%
10th Percentile £256 £263 £269
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £433 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +1.76% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,361 2,922 3,117
Median hourly rate £26.00 £19.50 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +33.33% +8.33% -3.73%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.17 £11.00
90th Percentile £52.12 £52.50 £47.83
Median hourly rate £21.50 £18.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +16.22% +5.71% -1.52%

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 7 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 7 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 7 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +47 599 £525 +16.67% 609
London +136 342 £575 +9.52% 191
UK excluding London -14 318 £450 +5.88% 469
South East +26 85 £450 +5.88% 110
South West -18 67 £450 +20.00% 65
Work from Home +2 42 £450 +10.77% 96
Wales +24 40 £475 +22.58% 21
North of England +37 35 £475 +11.76% 111
East of England -2 35 £400 +6.67% 73
Midlands +35 33 £433 +2.37% 57
West Midlands +25 24 £430 +4.94% 31
Scotland +38 23 £400 -5.88% 26
North West +61 20 £413 -7.04% 59
Yorkshire +20 12 £475 +11.76% 44
East Midlands +43 9 £588 +14.63% 26
North East +24 3 £394 +1.61% 8

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 7 August 2020, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 681 (97.70%) Software Engineering
2 324 (46.48%) Agile Software Development
3 292 (41.89%) Java
4 257 (36.87%) AWS
5 252 (36.15%) Python
6 216 (30.99%) JavaScript
7 205 (29.41%) Finance
8 196 (28.12%) Web Services
9 169 (24.25%) Asset Management
10 160 (22.96%) SQL
11 157 (22.53%) React
12 154 (22.09%) Azure
13 141 (20.23%) DevOps
14 139 (19.94%) C++
15 138 (19.80%) AngularJS
16 133 (19.08%) C#
17 131 (18.79%) Microservices
18 130 (18.65%) Hedge funds
19 118 (16.93%) Front Office
20 116 (16.64%) C
20 116 (16.64%) Investment Management
21 115 (16.50%) Docker
22 114 (16.36%) Fixed Income
23 104 (14.92%) Vue.js
24 101 (14.49%) Derivative
25 98 (14.06%) Kubernetes
26 97 (13.92%) Banking
27 95 (13.63%) .NET
28 92 (13.20%) Git (software)
29 91 (13.06%) Linux

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (6.03%) Apache
2 34 (4.88%) Confluence
3 29 (4.16%) WebLogic
4 22 (3.16%) SAS
5 16 (2.30%) Elasticsearch
6 12 (1.72%) Tomcat
7 10 (1.43%) CMS
8 8 (1.15%) Apache Spark
9 7 (1.00%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 4 (0.57%) IIS
10 4 (0.57%) SharePoint
11 3 (0.43%) Cloud Foundry
12 1 (0.14%) Apache Airflow
12 1 (0.14%) JBoss
12 1 (0.14%) Jupyter
12 1 (0.14%) OpenEdge
12 1 (0.14%) WordPress
Applications
1 11 (1.58%) Simulink
2 7 (1.00%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.14%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.14%) SOLIDWORKS
4 1 (0.14%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 5 (0.72%) Oracle ERP
2 2 (0.29%) Oracle EBS
2 2 (0.29%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.14%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 257 (36.87%) AWS
2 154 (22.09%) Azure
3 82 (11.76%) Serverless
4 81 (11.62%) GCP
5 73 (10.47%) AWS Lambda
6 36 (5.16%) Amazon EC2
7 28 (4.02%) Amazon ECS
7 28 (4.02%) Amazon S3
8 27 (3.87%) Apigee
9 16 (2.30%) PaaS
9 16 (2.30%) SaaS
10 12 (1.72%) Power Platform
11 11 (1.58%) OpenShift
12 10 (1.43%) GitHub
13 7 (1.00%) Cloud Computing
14 6 (0.86%) Azure Functions
14 6 (0.86%) BrowserStack
15 5 (0.72%) AWS CloudFormation
15 5 (0.72%) Datadog
15 5 (0.72%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 36 (5.16%) Wireless
2 28 (4.02%) Wi-Fi
3 27 (3.87%) Bluetooth
4 25 (3.59%) ZigBee
5 10 (1.43%) TCP/IP
6 8 (1.15%) DHCP
7 6 (0.86%) RS-232
8 5 (0.72%) Firewall
9 4 (0.57%) 5G
9 4 (0.57%) AMQP
9 4 (0.57%) DNS
9 4 (0.57%) Ethernet
9 4 (0.57%) RS-485
9 4 (0.57%) SNMP
9 4 (0.57%) WAN
10 3 (0.43%) 4G
10 3 (0.43%) HTTP
10 3 (0.43%) LAN
10 3 (0.43%) LTE
10 3 (0.43%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 76 (10.90%) SQL Server
2 68 (9.76%) PostgreSQL
3 53 (7.60%) MySQL
4 38 (5.45%) Relational Database
5 34 (4.88%) NoSQL
6 32 (4.59%) Amazon Redshift
7 31 (4.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 29 (4.16%) RDBMS
9 27 (3.87%) Amazon RDS
10 22 (3.16%) Amazon Aurora
11 15 (2.15%) MongoDB
12 14 (2.01%) Data Warehouse
12 14 (2.01%) Pentaho
13 12 (1.72%) Hadoop
13 12 (1.72%) Oracle Database
13 12 (1.72%) Power BI
14 10 (1.43%) BusinessObjects XI
14 10 (1.43%) SAS EBI
15 9 (1.29%) Base SAS
15 9 (1.29%) SAS Data Integration Studio
Development Applications
1 92 (13.20%) Git (software)
2 83 (11.91%) Jenkins
3 44 (6.31%) GitLab
4 43 (6.17%) JIRA
5 34 (4.88%) Artifactory
6 23 (3.30%) Cucumber
6 23 (3.30%) Visual Studio
7 21 (3.01%) Selenium
8 20 (2.87%) Maven
9 19 (2.73%) Eclipse
9 19 (2.73%) RStudio
10 18 (2.58%) Rational Rhapsody
11 17 (2.44%) Postman
12 15 (2.15%) JUnit
13 14 (2.01%) Rational DOORS
13 14 (2.01%) SpecFlow
14 13 (1.87%) Subversion
15 12 (1.72%) Ant
15 12 (1.72%) SoapUI
16 11 (1.58%) Bitbucket
General
1 205 (29.41%) Finance
2 118 (16.93%) Front Office
3 97 (13.92%) Banking
4 48 (6.89%) Investment Banking
5 36 (5.16%) Electronics
6 26 (3.73%) Law
7 23 (3.30%) Public Sector
8 13 (1.87%) Telecoms
9 8 (1.15%) Publishing
10 7 (1.00%) Aerospace
10 7 (1.00%) Games
11 5 (0.72%) Retail
12 4 (0.57%) Automotive
13 3 (0.43%) Retail Banking
14 2 (0.29%) Manufacturing
14 2 (0.29%) Private Banking
15 1 (0.14%) Advertising
15 1 (0.14%) Back Office
15 1 (0.14%) Legal
15 1 (0.14%) Military
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 196 (28.12%) Web Services
2 157 (22.53%) React
3 138 (19.80%) AngularJS
4 104 (14.92%) Vue.js
5 95 (13.63%) .NET
6 66 (9.47%) Node.js
7 51 (7.32%) .NET Core
8 49 (7.03%) CSS
9 48 (6.89%) gRPC
9 48 (6.89%) Spring
10 46 (6.60%) ASP.NET
11 45 (6.46%) HTML
12 38 (5.45%) Swagger
13 34 (4.88%) Yocto
14 33 (4.73%) OAuth
15 31 (4.45%) ASP.NET Core
16 28 (4.02%) XML
17 26 (3.73%) REST
18 24 (3.44%) Kafka
18 24 (3.44%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 130 (18.65%) Hedge funds
2 114 (16.36%) Fixed Income
3 101 (14.49%) Derivative
4 91 (13.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 88 (12.63%) Equities
6 64 (9.18%) Greenfield Project
7 46 (6.60%) Analytical Skills
8 32 (4.59%) Device Driver
9 24 (3.44%) Home Automation
10 13 (1.87%) Reference Data
11 12 (1.72%) Algorithms
11 12 (1.72%) Mobile App
12 8 (1.15%) Pricing Data
12 8 (1.15%) Self-Motivation
12 8 (1.15%) User Experience
13 6 (0.86%) Embedded Systems
13 6 (0.86%) Virtual Team
14 5 (0.72%) CAN bus
14 5 (0.72%) TMS320
14 5 (0.72%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 91 (13.06%) Linux
2 48 (6.89%) Windows
3 30 (4.30%) Unix
4 17 (2.44%) Android
5 11 (1.58%) Embedded Linux
6 9 (1.29%) FreeRTOS
7 8 (1.15%) Apple iOS
8 6 (0.86%) Windows 10
8 6 (0.86%) Windows Server 2012
8 6 (0.86%) Windows Server 2016
9 5 (0.72%) ThreadX
10 4 (0.57%) OpenVMS
10 4 (0.57%) Windows Server
11 3 (0.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 3 (0.43%) Windows 7
11 3 (0.43%) Windows Server 2008
12 2 (0.29%) CentOS
12 2 (0.29%) Solaris
12 2 (0.29%) VMS
13 1 (0.14%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 681 (97.70%) Software Engineering
2 324 (46.48%) Agile Software Development
3 169 (24.25%) Asset Management
4 141 (20.23%) DevOps
5 131 (18.79%) Microservices
6 116 (16.64%) Investment Management
7 69 (9.90%) Scrum
8 63 (9.04%) Fintech
9 59 (8.46%) Test Automation
10 54 (7.75%) TDD
11 51 (7.32%) UML
12 47 (6.74%) Continuous Integration
13 44 (6.31%) Migration
14 40 (5.74%) Mentoring
15 39 (5.60%) OO
16 37 (5.31%) Analytics
17 36 (5.16%) Front End Development
17 36 (5.16%) Problem-Solving
18 35 (5.02%) BDD
19 33 (4.73%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 292 (41.89%) Java
2 252 (36.15%) Python
3 216 (30.99%) JavaScript
4 160 (22.96%) SQL
5 139 (19.94%) C++
6 133 (19.08%) C#
7 116 (16.64%) C
8 33 (4.73%) Embedded C++
9 31 (4.45%) Kotlin
10 27 (3.87%) Embedded C
10 27 (3.87%) PL/SQL
11 20 (2.87%) Scala
12 19 (2.73%) Go
12 19 (2.73%) R
13 18 (2.58%) Ada
14 15 (2.15%) Shell Script
14 15 (2.15%) TypeScript
15 13 (1.87%) Perl
16 12 (1.72%) Java 8
17 10 (1.43%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 87 (12.48%) Security Cleared
2 73 (10.47%) SC Cleared
3 20 (2.87%) Degree
4 8 (1.15%) DBS Check
5 7 (1.00%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (0.72%) ISTQB
6 5 (0.72%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
7 4 (0.57%) Computer Science Degree
7 4 (0.57%) DV Cleared
8 3 (0.43%) Master's Degree
9 2 (0.29%) ITIL Certification
9 2 (0.29%) PhD
10 1 (0.14%) Chartered Engineer
10 1 (0.14%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (2.44%) QA
2 13 (1.87%) Data Quality
3 7 (1.00%) MISRA
4 6 (0.86%) MISRA C
5 2 (0.29%) DO-178B
5 2 (0.29%) JTAG
6 1 (0.14%) Def Stans
6 1 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.14%) IEC 62304
6 1 (0.14%) ISO 26262
6 1 (0.14%) ISO 9000
6 1 (0.14%) TickIT
6 1 (0.14%) WCAG
System Software
1 115 (16.50%) Docker
2 11 (1.58%) Firmware
3 10 (1.43%) Active Directory
4 8 (1.15%) VMware ESXi
5 4 (0.57%) Hyper-V
6 3 (0.43%) DFS Replication
6 3 (0.43%) Microsoft App-V
6 3 (0.43%) Virtual Desktop
6 3 (0.43%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (0.43%) vSphere
7 2 (0.29%) XenApp
8 1 (0.14%) HDFS
8 1 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 98 (14.06%) Kubernetes
2 42 (6.03%) Terraform
3 15 (2.15%) Ansible
4 7 (1.00%) Kibana
5 5 (0.72%) Graphite
5 5 (0.72%) SCCM
6 4 (0.57%) Prometheus
6 4 (0.57%) Puppet
7 3 (0.43%) Failover Clustering
7 3 (0.43%) Grafana
7 3 (0.43%) Microsoft Clustering
7 3 (0.43%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
7 3 (0.43%) SCDPM
7 3 (0.43%) SCOM
7 3 (0.43%) SCSM
7 3 (0.43%) SCVMM
7 3 (0.43%) WSUS
8 2 (0.29%) CFEngine
8 2 (0.29%) vCenter Server
9 1 (0.14%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 87 (12.48%) Oracle
2 74 (10.62%) Google
3 41 (5.88%) Microsoft
4 13 (1.87%) Atlassian
4 13 (1.87%) IBM
5 8 (1.15%) Splunk
5 8 (1.15%) Sybase
6 6 (0.86%) Atmel
6 6 (0.86%) Cloudera
6 6 (0.86%) SAP
7 5 (0.72%) Informatica
7 5 (0.72%) Talend
8 4 (0.57%) BEA
8 4 (0.57%) Pega
8 4 (0.57%) Red Hat
8 4 (0.57%) webMethods
9 3 (0.43%) Bloomberg
9 3 (0.43%) Dell
9 3 (0.43%) Salesforce.com
9 3 (0.43%) VMware