Period
to 9 April 2020

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £500 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
UK
6 months to
9 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 149 211 223
Rank change year-on-year +62 +12 +3
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 1,049 1,322 1,236
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.73% 1.37% 1.22%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.85% 1.44% 1.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 614 689 681
Median daily rate £500 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £355 £325 £320
90th Percentile £638 £600 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £422
% change year-on-year +5.88% +0.65% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 133 212 208
Median hourly rate £47.50 £45.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £37.84 £35.25 £31.25
90th Percentile £53.66 £53.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 56,815 91,627 95,863
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.80% 94.65% 94.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 36,037 60,733 63,151
Median daily rate £455 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.62% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £227 £275 £263
90th Percentile £650 £650 £630
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £405
% change year-on-year - +4.94% +1.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,448 2,816 2,914
Median hourly rate £20.00 £18.70 £18.51
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.95% +1.05% +0.03%
10th Percentile £11.80 £11.03 £11.00
90th Percentile £52.16 £50.00 £48.12
Median hourly rate £18.90 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +8.00% - -

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 9 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +59 912 £500 +11.11% 879
UK excluding London +33 636 £450 +5.88% 679
London +102 380 £550 +4.76% 261
South West +48 199 £450 +12.50% 113
North of England +41 108 £475 +13.10% 93
South East -32 104 £465 +9.41% 200
East of England +16 81 £400 +6.67% 125
Wales +23 65 £470 +16.05% 20
North West +41 52 £425 -0.58% 50
Yorkshire +48 46 £475 +11.76% 26
Scotland +15 40 £425 -4.49% 37
Midlands +14 36 £433 +1.76% 86
West Midlands +31 28 £430 +1.24% 55
Work from Home +21 27 £425 - 62
North East +21 10 £425 +17.24% 17
East Midlands +19 8 £588 +14.63% 31
Northern Ireland +18 3 - - 5

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 9 April 2020, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 1,032 (98.38%) Software Engineering
2 427 (40.71%) Agile Software Development
3 387 (36.89%) Java
4 346 (32.98%) Python
5 260 (24.79%) C++
6 246 (23.45%) JavaScript
7 236 (22.50%) AWS
8 222 (21.16%) C#
9 211 (20.11%) C
10 194 (18.49%) DevOps
11 189 (18.02%) SQL
12 184 (17.54%) Linux
13 181 (17.25%) Security Cleared
14 169 (16.11%) Microservices
15 148 (14.11%) Web Services
16 146 (13.92%) Azure
17 140 (13.35%) .NET
18 135 (12.87%) Git (software)
19 134 (12.77%) Finance
20 132 (12.58%) React
21 125 (11.92%) Docker
22 124 (11.82%) SC Cleared
23 117 (11.15%) Scrum
24 109 (10.39%) Test Automation
25 108 (10.30%) Kubernetes
26 103 (9.82%) Jenkins
27 102 (9.72%) TDD
28 96 (9.15%) AngularJS
28 96 (9.15%) Node.js
29 94 (8.96%) CSS

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (2.67%) Confluence
2 27 (2.57%) Apache
3 23 (2.19%) SAS
3 23 (2.19%) WebLogic
4 22 (2.10%) Elasticsearch
5 18 (1.72%) Tomcat
6 17 (1.62%) Apache Spark
7 14 (1.33%) CMS
8 10 (0.95%) Cloud Foundry
9 8 (0.76%) Mendix
9 8 (0.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 7 (0.67%) nginx
10 7 (0.67%) SharePoint
11 5 (0.48%) IIS
12 3 (0.29%) EPiServer
13 2 (0.19%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 2 (0.19%) Headless CMS
13 2 (0.19%) JBoss
13 2 (0.19%) Tuxedo
13 2 (0.19%) WinCC
Applications
1 19 (1.81%) Simulink
2 7 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.095%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.095%) Blender
4 1 (0.095%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.095%) Inkscape
4 1 (0.095%) MODO
4 1 (0.095%) PlantUML
4 1 (0.095%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 11 (1.05%) FINCAD Analytics
2 4 (0.38%) osCommerce
2 4 (0.38%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 3 (0.29%) Oracle ERP
4 2 (0.19%) LabWindows
4 2 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.19%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.095%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.095%) Eloqua
5 1 (0.095%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 236 (22.50%) AWS
2 146 (13.92%) Azure
3 73 (6.96%) GCP
4 65 (6.20%) Serverless
5 47 (4.48%) AWS Lambda
6 29 (2.76%) Amazon EC2
7 25 (2.38%) GitHub
8 23 (2.19%) Amazon S3
9 19 (1.81%) OpenShift
10 18 (1.72%) Amazon SQS
11 17 (1.62%) Power Platform
12 14 (1.33%) AWS Step Functions
13 11 (1.05%) AWS CloudFormation
13 11 (1.05%) PaaS
14 8 (0.76%) Amazon ECS
15 7 (0.67%) Cloud Computing
15 7 (0.67%) SaaS
16 6 (0.57%) CloudFront
16 6 (0.57%) Datadog
17 5 (0.48%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 23 (2.19%) TCP/IP
2 21 (2.00%) Wireless
3 17 (1.62%) RS-232
4 16 (1.53%) RS-485
5 15 (1.43%) Wi-Fi
6 14 (1.33%) Bluetooth
7 13 (1.24%) DNS
8 12 (1.14%) DHCP
9 11 (1.05%) HTTP
9 11 (1.05%) ZigBee
10 10 (0.95%) Internet
11 9 (0.86%) Ethernet
12 6 (0.57%) Firewall
12 6 (0.57%) VoIP
13 5 (0.48%) AMQP
13 5 (0.48%) SNMP
13 5 (0.48%) WAN
14 4 (0.38%) 4G
14 4 (0.38%) 5G
15 3 (0.29%) LTE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 81 (7.72%) SQL Server
2 69 (6.58%) MySQL
3 65 (6.20%) PostgreSQL
4 58 (5.53%) Relational Database
5 56 (5.34%) NoSQL
6 44 (4.19%) MongoDB
7 43 (4.10%) Amazon RDS
8 41 (3.91%) RDBMS
9 36 (3.43%) Big Data
10 24 (2.29%) Amazon Aurora
10 24 (2.29%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 24 (2.29%) Redis
11 23 (2.19%) Hadoop
12 20 (1.91%) Data Warehouse
13 17 (1.62%) Power BI
14 15 (1.43%) Amazon Athena
14 15 (1.43%) Amazon Redshift
14 15 (1.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 14 (1.33%) HBase
15 14 (1.33%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 135 (12.87%) Git (software)
2 103 (9.82%) Jenkins
3 75 (7.15%) JIRA
4 45 (4.29%) Maven
5 42 (4.00%) Rational Rhapsody
6 30 (2.86%) Selenium
7 29 (2.76%) GitLab
8 28 (2.67%) Rational DOORS
9 27 (2.57%) Cucumber
10 26 (2.48%) Subversion
11 22 (2.10%) Eclipse
11 22 (2.10%) SoapUI
12 21 (2.00%) Visual Studio Team System
13 19 (1.81%) Gradle
14 18 (1.72%) Bitbucket
15 17 (1.62%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 17 (1.62%) Postman
15 17 (1.62%) Rational Team Concert
16 15 (1.43%) Artifactory
16 15 (1.43%) Visual Studio
General
1 134 (12.77%) Finance
2 57 (5.43%) Front Office
3 36 (3.43%) Banking
4 35 (3.34%) Law
5 29 (2.76%) Electronics
6 27 (2.57%) Public Sector
7 16 (1.53%) Automotive
8 14 (1.33%) Investment Banking
9 13 (1.24%) Aerospace
9 13 (1.24%) Telecoms
10 12 (1.14%) Military
11 9 (0.86%) Avionics
11 9 (0.86%) Games
11 9 (0.86%) Publishing
12 8 (0.76%) Back Office
12 8 (0.76%) Manufacturing
12 8 (0.76%) Retail
13 3 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
13 3 (0.29%) Private Banking
13 3 (0.29%) Retail Banking
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 148 (14.11%) Web Services
2 140 (13.35%) .NET
3 132 (12.58%) React
4 96 (9.15%) AngularJS
4 96 (9.15%) Node.js
5 94 (8.96%) CSS
6 93 (8.87%) HTML
7 81 (7.72%) Spring
8 56 (5.34%) RESTful
9 52 (4.96%) Kafka
9 52 (4.96%) REST
10 49 (4.67%) Spring Boot
11 40 (3.81%) J2EE
12 37 (3.53%) .NET Core
13 29 (2.76%) ASP.NET
14 27 (2.57%) XML
15 24 (2.29%) HTML5
15 24 (2.29%) JSON
16 23 (2.19%) Vue.js
16 23 (2.19%) Yocto
Miscellaneous
1 52 (4.96%) Analytical Skills
2 51 (4.86%) Greenfield Project
3 45 (4.29%) Fixed Income
4 39 (3.72%) Hedge funds
5 30 (2.86%) Embedded Systems
6 27 (2.57%) Algorithms
6 27 (2.57%) Device Driver
7 26 (2.48%) Derivative
7 26 (2.48%) Mobile App
8 25 (2.38%) User Experience
9 20 (1.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 17 (1.62%) Equities
10 17 (1.62%) Self-Motivation
11 13 (1.24%) Public Cloud
12 12 (1.14%) Reference Data
13 10 (0.95%) Enterprise Software
14 9 (0.86%) CAN bus
14 9 (0.86%) Data Structures
14 9 (0.86%) Equity Derivative
15 8 (0.76%) Home Automation
Operating Systems
1 184 (17.54%) Linux
2 87 (8.29%) Windows
3 53 (5.05%) Unix
4 27 (2.57%) Embedded Linux
5 24 (2.29%) FreeRTOS
6 21 (2.00%) Android
6 21 (2.00%) ThreadX
7 13 (1.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 12 (1.14%) Windows Server
8 12 (1.14%) Windows Server 2012
9 11 (1.05%) Apple iOS
10 9 (0.86%) CentOS
11 8 (0.76%) Windows 10
11 8 (0.76%) Windows Server 2016
12 6 (0.57%) Debian
12 6 (0.57%) Ubuntu
13 5 (0.48%) Windows Server 2008
14 4 (0.38%) Solaris
14 4 (0.38%) VxWorks
15 3 (0.29%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,032 (98.38%) Software Engineering
2 427 (40.71%) Agile Software Development
3 194 (18.49%) DevOps
4 169 (16.11%) Microservices
5 117 (11.15%) Scrum
6 109 (10.39%) Test Automation
7 102 (9.72%) TDD
8 94 (8.96%) OO
9 88 (8.39%) Continuous Integration
10 77 (7.34%) UML
11 72 (6.86%) Asset Management
12 63 (6.01%) Mentoring
13 62 (5.91%) Analytics
14 53 (5.05%) Problem-Solving
15 52 (4.96%) Configuration Management
16 51 (4.86%) Computer Science
16 51 (4.86%) SOA
16 51 (4.86%) Unit Testing
17 49 (4.67%) OOD
18 45 (4.29%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 387 (36.89%) Java
2 346 (32.98%) Python
3 260 (24.79%) C++
4 246 (23.45%) JavaScript
5 222 (21.16%) C#
6 211 (20.11%) C
7 189 (18.02%) SQL
8 87 (8.29%) Embedded C
9 60 (5.72%) Embedded C++
10 44 (4.19%) R
11 39 (3.72%) TypeScript
12 36 (3.43%) Scala
13 33 (3.15%) Java 8
14 31 (2.96%) Kotlin
14 31 (2.96%) PL/SQL
14 31 (2.96%) Ruby
15 27 (2.57%) Go
16 25 (2.38%) Ada
16 25 (2.38%) Shell Script
17 23 (2.19%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 181 (17.25%) Security Cleared
2 124 (11.82%) SC Cleared
3 64 (6.10%) Degree
4 47 (4.48%) DV Cleared
5 22 (2.10%) Computer Science Degree
6 13 (1.24%) Master's Degree
7 8 (0.76%) DBS Check
8 6 (0.57%) BPSS Clearance
9 5 (0.48%) PhD
10 3 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
11 2 (0.19%) HND
11 2 (0.19%) ITIL Certification
12 1 (0.095%) CCNA
12 1 (0.095%) Cisco Certification
12 1 (0.095%) ISTQB
12 1 (0.095%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (2.19%) QA
2 13 (1.24%) MISRA
3 12 (1.14%) Data Quality
4 11 (1.05%) MISRA C
5 3 (0.29%) DO-178B
5 3 (0.29%) JTAG
6 2 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.19%) ECSS
6 2 (0.19%) ISO 26262
6 2 (0.19%) WCAG
7 1 (0.095%) IEC 61508
7 1 (0.095%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 125 (11.92%) Docker
2 17 (1.62%) VMware ESXi
3 16 (1.53%) Active Directory
4 8 (0.76%) Hyper-V
5 6 (0.57%) DFS Replication
5 6 (0.57%) Firmware
5 6 (0.57%) Microsoft App-V
5 6 (0.57%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.38%) Virtual Desktop
6 4 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.38%) XenApp
7 3 (0.29%) HDFS
7 3 (0.29%) vSphere
8 1 (0.095%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 1 (0.095%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 108 (10.30%) Kubernetes
2 50 (4.77%) Terraform
3 40 (3.81%) Ansible
4 11 (1.05%) Kibana
5 10 (0.95%) Prometheus
5 10 (0.95%) Puppet
6 9 (0.86%) SCCM
6 9 (0.86%) vCenter Server
7 7 (0.67%) Grafana
7 7 (0.67%) WSUS
8 6 (0.57%) Failover Clustering
8 6 (0.57%) Microsoft Clustering
9 5 (0.48%) Opscode Chef
10 4 (0.38%) HAProxy
10 4 (0.38%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
10 4 (0.38%) SCDPM
10 4 (0.38%) SCOM
10 4 (0.38%) SCSM
10 4 (0.38%) SCVMM
11 2 (0.19%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 70 (6.67%) Oracle
2 56 (5.34%) Google
3 54 (5.15%) Microsoft
4 17 (1.62%) SAP
5 16 (1.53%) IBM
6 14 (1.33%) Atlassian
7 13 (1.24%) VMware
8 10 (0.95%) Cisco
8 10 (0.95%) Red Hat
9 9 (0.86%) Adobe
9 9 (0.86%) Salesforce.com
10 8 (0.76%) Apple
10 8 (0.76%) OutSystems
10 8 (0.76%) Sybase
11 7 (0.67%) Cloudera
11 7 (0.67%) Dell
11 7 (0.67%) hybris
11 7 (0.67%) Tableau
12 6 (0.57%) ArcSight
13 5 (0.48%) Splunk