Period
to 15 June 2021

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £500 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
UK
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 128 142 185
Rank change year-on-year +14 +43 +33
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 1,236 785 1,377
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.00% 1.80% 1.52%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.16% 1.92% 1.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 805 499 684
10th Percentile £363 £360 £313
25th Percentile £425 £425 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £450
Median % change year-on-year - +11.11% -
75th Percentile £600 £606 £538
90th Percentile £700 £700 £589
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £413
% change year-on-year - +9.09% -2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 79 81 199
10th Percentile £33.85 £37.74 £38.75
25th Percentile £41.25 £44.00 £41.25
Median hourly rate £47.50 £47.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year - +5.56% +4.65%
75th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £50.00
90th Percentile £58.75 £53.75 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £47.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 57,313 40,796 85,684
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.87% 93.55% 94.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 39,284 27,150 57,235
10th Percentile £300 £255 £269
25th Percentile £400 £363 £368
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £495 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +4.21% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £656 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £434 £425
% change year-on-year +0.86% +2.06% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,741 1,436 2,653
10th Percentile £11.36 £11.52 £11.04
25th Percentile £14.13 £14.25 £13.25
Median hourly rate £21.50 £19.50 £18.25
Median % change year-on-year +10.26% +6.85% +4.29%
75th Percentile £44.50 £39.57 £41.00
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.50 £18.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +0.03% +5.69% +0.55%

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 15 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +35 1,028 £513 -2.38% 1,128
UK excluding London +22 520 £450 - 856
London +11 509 £550 -4.35% 362
Work from Home -19 380 £513 +13.89% 274
South West +20 140 £475 +5.56% 104
South East +20 92 £475 - 195
North of England +33 74 £405 -14.74% 210
East of England +22 70 £340 -15.00% 130
Midlands +21 67 £405 -10.00% 124
West Midlands +21 56 £405 -10.00% 72
North West +20 46 £425 +3.66% 117
Scotland -19 43 £475 +11.76% 49
Wales -6 36 £500 +5.26% 35
Yorkshire +13 22 £396 -16.58% 72
East Midlands +6 11 £363 -38.30% 52
North East +19 6 £362 -6.58% 21

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 1,213 (98.14%) Software Engineering
2 549 (44.42%) Agile Software Development
3 393 (31.80%) Java
4 385 (31.15%) AWS
5 346 (27.99%) Python
6 339 (27.43%) JavaScript
7 261 (21.12%) .NET
8 258 (20.87%) Serverless
9 247 (19.98%) Security Cleared
10 239 (19.34%) C#
11 235 (19.01%) React
12 230 (18.61%) SQL
13 210 (16.99%) Microservices
14 208 (16.83%) SC Cleared
15 204 (16.50%) Finance
16 201 (16.26%) Docker
17 198 (16.02%) Azure
17 198 (16.02%) Web Services
18 184 (14.89%) DevOps
19 180 (14.56%) TDD
20 177 (14.32%) C++
21 172 (13.92%) Git (software)
22 167 (13.51%) Node.js
23 166 (13.43%) C
24 157 (12.70%) Linux
25 156 (12.62%) Scrum
26 142 (11.49%) Kubernetes
27 141 (11.41%) Social Skills
28 140 (11.33%) AWS Lambda
29 137 (11.08%) TypeScript

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 64 (5.18%) Apache
2 45 (3.64%) Confluence
3 27 (2.18%) WebLogic
4 25 (2.02%) SAS
5 18 (1.46%) SharePoint
6 17 (1.38%) Apache Airflow
6 17 (1.38%) Apache Spark
7 15 (1.21%) Elasticsearch
8 8 (0.65%) CMS
9 6 (0.49%) CICS
9 6 (0.49%) Jupyter
9 6 (0.49%) OpenStack
10 4 (0.32%) BizTalk Server
10 4 (0.32%) Tomcat
10 4 (0.32%) WebLogic Portal
11 3 (0.24%) Cloud Foundry
12 2 (0.16%) Alfresco
12 2 (0.16%) Headless CMS
12 2 (0.16%) IIS
12 2 (0.16%) JBoss
Applications
1 22 (1.78%) Simulink
2 4 (0.32%) Figma
2 4 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.32%) Spreadsheet
3 3 (0.24%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.16%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.081%) FrameMaker
5 1 (0.081%) Mathcad
5 1 (0.081%) PrintSoft PReS
5 1 (0.081%) Sketch
5 1 (0.081%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 6 (0.49%) Oracle Retail
2 5 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.16%) Teamcenter
4 1 (0.081%) Front Arena
4 1 (0.081%) Magento
4 1 (0.081%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
4 1 (0.081%) Sentinel
4 1 (0.081%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 385 (31.15%) AWS
2 258 (20.87%) Serverless
3 198 (16.02%) Azure
4 140 (11.33%) AWS Lambda
5 120 (9.71%) GCP
6 92 (7.44%) Amazon S3
7 41 (3.32%) AWS Step Functions
8 38 (3.07%) Amazon EC2
9 37 (2.99%) Amazon SQS
10 33 (2.67%) PaaS
11 28 (2.27%) AWS CloudFormation
11 28 (2.27%) GitHub
12 25 (2.02%) IaaS
13 20 (1.62%) Azure Cosmos DB
13 20 (1.62%) Power Platform
14 19 (1.54%) Azure Functions
14 19 (1.54%) SaaS
15 13 (1.05%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 13 (1.05%) Azure Storage
16 12 (0.97%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 19 (1.54%) HTTP
2 17 (1.38%) TCP/IP
2 17 (1.38%) Wi-Fi
3 14 (1.13%) Modbus
4 13 (1.05%) RS-485
5 12 (0.97%) Internet
5 12 (0.97%) Wireless
6 10 (0.81%) Ethernet
6 10 (0.81%) RS-422
7 9 (0.73%) IPv4
7 9 (0.73%) IPv6
8 8 (0.65%) Broadband
8 8 (0.65%) DECT
9 7 (0.57%) SNMP
9 7 (0.57%) UPnP
10 6 (0.49%) Bluetooth
10 6 (0.49%) Multicast
10 6 (0.49%) PPP
11 5 (0.40%) 5G
11 5 (0.40%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 102 (8.25%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 60 (4.85%) Big Data
3 56 (4.53%) PostgreSQL
4 39 (3.16%) MongoDB
5 35 (2.83%) NoSQL
6 34 (2.75%) MySQL
6 34 (2.75%) Relational Database
7 31 (2.51%) Amazon RDS
8 25 (2.02%) Hadoop
9 22 (1.78%) SQL Server
10 20 (1.62%) Amazon Aurora
11 18 (1.46%) Oracle Database
12 17 (1.38%) Azure SQL Database
13 16 (1.29%) Amazon Athena
13 16 (1.29%) Pentaho
14 13 (1.05%) Apache Hive
14 13 (1.05%) Redis
15 12 (0.97%) Blockchain
16 10 (0.81%) Data Lake
17 8 (0.65%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 172 (13.92%) Git (software)
2 111 (8.98%) Jenkins
3 97 (7.85%) JIRA
4 37 (2.99%) GitLab
5 33 (2.67%) Bitbucket
5 33 (2.67%) Cucumber
6 32 (2.59%) Rational Rhapsody
7 27 (2.18%) Rational DOORS
8 26 (2.10%) Maven
9 25 (2.02%) Selenium
9 25 (2.02%) Visual Studio
10 24 (1.94%) JUnit
11 23 (1.86%) CA Gen
12 22 (1.78%) TeamCity
13 20 (1.62%) webpack
14 19 (1.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 17 (1.38%) Mocha
16 15 (1.21%) GDB
16 15 (1.21%) Rational Team Concert
17 14 (1.13%) Mockito
General
1 204 (16.50%) Finance
2 141 (11.41%) Social Skills
3 76 (6.15%) Public Sector
4 71 (5.74%) Front Office
5 49 (3.96%) Law
6 41 (3.32%) Banking
7 35 (2.83%) Aerospace
8 26 (2.10%) Retail
9 25 (2.02%) Telecoms
10 24 (1.94%) Analytical Skills
11 18 (1.46%) Electronics
12 17 (1.38%) Automotive
13 16 (1.29%) Games
14 13 (1.05%) Pharmaceutical
15 10 (0.81%) Investment Banking
16 8 (0.65%) Advertising
17 7 (0.57%) Manufacturing
18 6 (0.49%) Avionics
18 6 (0.49%) Marketing
18 6 (0.49%) Military
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 261 (21.12%) .NET
2 235 (19.01%) React
3 198 (16.02%) Web Services
4 167 (13.51%) Node.js
5 113 (9.14%) AngularJS
6 92 (7.44%) Kafka
7 88 (7.12%) Spring
8 76 (6.15%) .NET Core
9 64 (5.18%) Material-UI
9 64 (5.18%) REST
10 63 (5.10%) React Native
11 59 (4.77%) CSS
11 59 (4.77%) Vue.js
12 57 (4.61%) HTML
13 51 (4.13%) RESTful
13 51 (4.13%) Spring Boot
14 42 (3.40%) Apache NiFi
15 29 (2.35%) XML
16 28 (2.27%) ASP.NET
17 27 (2.18%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 57 (4.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 45 (3.64%) Fixed Income
3 44 (3.56%) Derivative
4 43 (3.48%) Equities
5 39 (3.16%) Greenfield Project
6 38 (3.07%) Cloud Native
6 38 (3.07%) Self-Motivation
7 31 (2.51%) Embedded Systems
8 30 (2.43%) User Experience
9 21 (1.70%) Hedge funds
10 17 (1.38%) Algorithms
11 15 (1.21%) Data Structures
12 13 (1.05%) Blog
13 12 (0.97%) Cybercrime
13 12 (0.97%) Public Cloud
14 9 (0.73%) Biotechnology
14 9 (0.73%) Enterprise Software
14 9 (0.73%) VHDL
15 7 (0.57%) Device Driver
15 7 (0.57%) Verilog
Operating Systems
1 157 (12.70%) Linux
2 72 (5.83%) Unix
3 49 (3.96%) Windows
4 37 (2.99%) Android
5 22 (1.78%) Embedded Linux
6 15 (1.21%) Apple iOS
7 14 (1.13%) AIX
7 14 (1.13%) OpenWrt
8 11 (0.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 10 (0.81%) FreeRTOS
10 8 (0.65%) CentOS
11 6 (0.49%) Windows 10
12 5 (0.40%) Ubuntu
13 4 (0.32%) SafeRTOS
13 4 (0.32%) VxWorks
14 3 (0.24%) ThreadX
14 3 (0.24%) Windows Server
14 3 (0.24%) zOS
15 2 (0.16%) Mac OS
16 1 (0.081%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,213 (98.14%) Software Engineering
2 549 (44.42%) Agile Software Development
3 210 (16.99%) Microservices
4 184 (14.89%) DevOps
5 180 (14.56%) TDD
6 156 (12.62%) Scrum
7 124 (10.03%) Asset Management
8 117 (9.47%) Test Automation
9 100 (8.09%) OO
10 99 (8.01%) Software Testing
11 90 (7.28%) Problem-Solving
12 80 (6.47%) Continuous Integration
13 79 (6.39%) SDLC
14 70 (5.66%) Configuration Management
15 63 (5.10%) UML
16 62 (5.02%) Unit Testing
17 61 (4.94%) Test Strategy
17 61 (4.94%) Web Application Development
18 59 (4.77%) BDD
19 58 (4.69%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 393 (31.80%) Java
2 346 (27.99%) Python
3 339 (27.43%) JavaScript
4 239 (19.34%) C#
5 230 (18.61%) SQL
6 177 (14.32%) C++
7 166 (13.43%) C
8 137 (11.08%) TypeScript
9 81 (6.55%) Scala
10 79 (6.39%) Go
11 64 (5.18%) Kotlin
12 55 (4.45%) Shell Script
13 51 (4.13%) PL/SQL
14 38 (3.07%) Ada
14 38 (3.07%) Ruby
15 37 (2.99%) Embedded C
16 28 (2.27%) Bash Shell
17 27 (2.18%) Perl
18 24 (1.94%) Embedded C++
19 22 (1.78%) COBOL
Qualifications
1 247 (19.98%) Security Cleared
2 208 (16.83%) SC Cleared
3 52 (4.21%) DV Cleared
4 50 (4.05%) Degree
5 16 (1.29%) Computer Science Degree
6 7 (0.57%) BPSS Clearance
6 7 (0.57%) PhD
7 6 (0.49%) DBS Check
8 4 (0.32%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.24%) Chartered Engineer
10 2 (0.16%) BC Cleared
10 2 (0.16%) ITIL Certification
11 1 (0.081%) CCNA
11 1 (0.081%) Cisco Certification
11 1 (0.081%) HNC
11 1 (0.081%) HND
11 1 (0.081%) ISEB
11 1 (0.081%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.081%) VCDX
11 1 (0.081%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (2.10%) QA
2 25 (2.02%) Accessibility
3 21 (1.70%) DO-178B
4 8 (0.65%) JTAG
5 6 (0.49%) IEC 61508
5 6 (0.49%) MISRA
6 4 (0.32%) GRC
6 4 (0.32%) MiFID
7 3 (0.24%) MISRA C
8 2 (0.16%) DO-254
8 2 (0.16%) ISO 26262
8 2 (0.16%) OASIS TOSCA
8 2 (0.16%) WCAG
9 1 (0.081%) Data Quality
9 1 (0.081%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.081%) GDPR
9 1 (0.081%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 201 (16.26%) Docker
2 16 (1.29%) Firmware
3 9 (0.73%) HDFS
4 7 (0.57%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
5 5 (0.40%) Active Directory
6 3 (0.24%) KVM
6 3 (0.24%) Time Sharing Option
6 3 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.16%) Job Entry Subsystem
7 2 (0.16%) RACF
7 2 (0.16%) VMware Infrastructure
8 1 (0.081%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.081%) iptables
8 1 (0.081%) Platform Symphony
8 1 (0.081%) Shibboleth
8 1 (0.081%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.081%) vSphere
8 1 (0.081%) Xen
Systems Management
1 142 (11.49%) Kubernetes
2 72 (5.83%) Terraform
3 28 (2.27%) Ansible
4 11 (0.89%) Grafana
5 8 (0.65%) Prometheus
6 7 (0.57%) Kibana
6 7 (0.57%) MIIS
6 7 (0.57%) Tivoli
7 6 (0.49%) Puppet
8 5 (0.40%) Oozie
9 4 (0.32%) Hadoop YARN
9 4 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
10 3 (0.24%) Kubeflow
10 3 (0.24%) Opscode Chef
11 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Intune
11 2 (0.16%) PTC Integrity
11 2 (0.16%) Tivoli NetView
12 1 (0.081%) Ambari
12 1 (0.081%) Icinga
12 1 (0.081%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 85 (6.88%) Oracle
2 40 (3.24%) Microsoft
3 23 (1.86%) Atlassian
4 20 (1.62%) Google
4 20 (1.62%) IBM
5 18 (1.46%) webMethods
6 16 (1.29%) BEA
7 15 (1.21%) Informatica
8 14 (1.13%) CA
8 14 (1.13%) Pega
8 14 (1.13%) Talend
9 13 (1.05%) Splunk
10 12 (0.97%) Cloudera
10 12 (0.97%) Databricks
11 10 (0.81%) Perforce
12 9 (0.73%) Salesforce.com
13 8 (0.65%) Red Hat
14 7 (0.57%) CA Agile Central
15 6 (0.49%) Embarcadero
15 6 (0.49%) MuleSoft