Period
to 16 August 2018

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £450 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 16 August 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
UK
6 months to
16 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 200 242 269
Rank change year-on-year +42 +27 -11
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 1,417 1,037 1,069
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.39% 1.08% 0.98%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.46% 1.14% 1.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 777 531 542
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £411
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.34% +11.15%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £305
90th Percentile £625 £600 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +13.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 217 204 210
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £42.50 £42.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.35% +0.59% +4.63%
10th Percentile £29.60 £32.50 £31.25
90th Percentile £51.00 £53.75 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £42.25
% change year-on-year +1.18% +0.59% +5.63%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 97,050 90,865 103,552
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.87% 94.97% 94.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 63,549 59,046 67,469
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £269 £263 £255
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +3.13% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3,109 2,798 3,126
UK median hourly rate £17.88 £18.70 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.39% -1.58% +6.38%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.75 £10.32
90th Percentile £48.00 £48.83 £46.69
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.78 £19.00
% change year-on-year -1.55% -6.45% +11.76%

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 16 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 16 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 16 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +45 1,254 £464 +5.40% 1,231
UK excluding London +34 952 £425 +6.25% 1,006
London +70 444 £500 - 314
South East +80 312 £450 +12.50% 266
North of England +27 170 £428 +0.88% 165
South West +5 154 £360 -4.00% 149
Wales -5 94 £418 +3.09% 23
East of England -17 90 £448 +19.33% 195
Yorkshire +32 84 £425 -0.58% 68
Midlands +6 83 £400 -3.15% 143
North West -19 78 £450 - 74
West Midlands +5 54 £400 -5.88% 101
Scotland -35 42 £325 -7.14% 52
East Midlands -16 29 £350 -15.15% 42
North East -7 8 £380 +8.57% 23
Channel Islands -4 4 - -
Northern Ireland +24 3 - - 14

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 16 August 2018, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 1,379 (97.32%) Software Engineering
2 600 (42.34%) Agile Software Development
3 549 (38.74%) Java
4 444 (31.33%) C++
5 343 (24.21%) Linux
6 320 (22.58%) JavaScript
7 313 (22.09%) C#
8 288 (20.32%) C
9 286 (20.18%) Python
10 256 (18.07%) TDD
11 247 (17.43%) SQL
12 229 (16.16%) Scrum
13 215 (15.17%) Test Automation
14 214 (15.10%) Security Cleared
15 211 (14.89%) Amazon AWS
16 201 (14.18%) .NET
17 199 (14.04%) Git (software)
18 191 (13.48%) OO
19 188 (13.27%) Node.js
19 188 (13.27%) AngularJS
20 186 (13.13%) Continuous Integration
21 176 (12.42%) DevOps
22 164 (11.57%) SC Cleared
23 157 (11.08%) Microservices
24 153 (10.80%) Jenkins
25 152 (10.73%) Docker
26 149 (10.52%) BDD
27 148 (10.44%) Problem-Solving
28 145 (10.23%) Finance
29 142 (10.02%) NoSQL

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 59 (4.16%) Apache
2 55 (3.88%) Apache Spark
3 53 (3.74%) Confluence
4 52 (3.67%) Elasticsearch
5 38 (2.68%) Tomcat
6 14 (0.99%) CMS
6 14 (0.99%) JBoss
6 14 (0.99%) nginx
7 11 (0.78%) IIS
8 10 (0.71%) Jetty
8 10 (0.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 9 (0.64%) WebLogic
10 8 (0.56%) Apache Solr
10 8 (0.56%) NServiceBus
11 7 (0.49%) WebSphere
12 6 (0.42%) Apache ServiceMix
12 6 (0.42%) Cloud Foundry
13 5 (0.35%) Apache Airflow
13 5 (0.35%) Luigi
14 4 (0.28%) SAS
Applications
1 29 (2.05%) Simulink
2 8 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.35%) Microsoft Project
4 3 (0.21%) Doxygen
5 2 (0.14%) Chatbot
5 2 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.14%) Stateflow
6 1 (0.071%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.071%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 6 (0.42%) Remedy AR System
1 6 (0.42%) Remedy ITSM
2 2 (0.14%) Bloomberg AIM
2 2 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.14%) Eagle PACE
2 2 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
2 2 (0.14%) thinkFolio
3 1 (0.071%) Kondor
3 1 (0.071%) LabWindows
3 1 (0.071%) LongView
Cloud Services
1 211 (14.89%) Amazon AWS
2 103 (7.27%) Microsoft Azure
3 33 (2.33%) Google Cloud Platform
3 33 (2.33%) Serverless
4 30 (2.12%) GitHub
5 23 (1.62%) AWS Lambda
5 23 (1.62%) Slack
6 22 (1.55%) Cloud Computing
6 22 (1.55%) PaaS
7 19 (1.34%) SaaS
8 16 (1.13%) AWS CloudFormation
9 12 (0.85%) npm
9 12 (0.85%) OpenShift
10 9 (0.64%) Google Analytics
11 8 (0.56%) Amazon S3
12 7 (0.49%) IaaS
13 6 (0.42%) Amazon SQS
13 6 (0.42%) CloudFront
14 5 (0.35%) Amazon EC2
15 4 (0.28%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 40 (2.82%) TCP/IP
2 28 (1.98%) HTTP
2 28 (1.98%) Wireshark
3 24 (1.69%) Wireless
4 21 (1.48%) Internet
5 18 (1.27%) Wi-Fi
6 15 (1.06%) SNMP
7 13 (0.92%) RS-232
8 12 (0.85%) Bluetooth
8 12 (0.85%) Ethernet
8 12 (0.85%) SSL
9 11 (0.78%) VoIP
10 10 (0.71%) AMQP
10 10 (0.71%) MQTT
11 8 (0.56%) SMS
12 7 (0.49%) Network Security
13 6 (0.42%) 4G
13 6 (0.42%) LTE
13 6 (0.42%) ZigBee
14 5 (0.35%) 3GPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 142 (10.02%) NoSQL
2 98 (6.92%) Relational Database
3 84 (5.93%) SQL Server
4 83 (5.86%) MongoDB
5 80 (5.65%) Big Data
6 67 (4.73%) PostgreSQL
7 65 (4.59%) MySQL
8 54 (3.81%) Hadoop
9 34 (2.40%) Apache Hive
10 30 (2.12%) Apache Cassandra
11 28 (1.98%) Data Warehouse
12 27 (1.91%) RDBMS
13 21 (1.48%) Redis
14 16 (1.13%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 14 (0.99%) HBase
15 14 (0.99%) Impala
16 13 (0.92%) Oracle Database
17 11 (0.78%) Neo4j
18 9 (0.64%) SQL Server 2008
19 7 (0.49%) GIS
Development Applications
1 199 (14.04%) Git (software)
2 153 (10.80%) Jenkins
3 104 (7.34%) Visual Studio
4 93 (6.56%) JIRA
5 74 (5.22%) Maven
6 73 (5.15%) Cucumber
7 62 (4.38%) Rational DOORS
8 60 (4.23%) Selenium
9 53 (3.74%) JUnit
10 50 (3.53%) Rational Rhapsody
11 49 (3.46%) Eclipse
12 42 (2.96%) Subversion
13 36 (2.54%) GDB
14 30 (2.12%) Team Foundation Server
15 29 (2.05%) Jasmine
16 27 (1.91%) IntelliJ
17 24 (1.69%) TeamCity
18 21 (1.48%) Ant
19 20 (1.41%) Mercurial
20 18 (1.27%) Gradle
General
1 145 (10.23%) Finance
2 57 (4.02%) Electronics
3 53 (3.74%) Manufacturing
4 40 (2.82%) Banking
5 37 (2.61%) Telecoms
6 33 (2.33%) Automotive
7 28 (1.98%) Games
7 28 (1.98%) Retail
8 27 (1.91%) Law
9 26 (1.83%) Aerospace
10 22 (1.55%) Front Office
11 17 (1.20%) Avionics
12 14 (0.99%) Marketing
13 10 (0.71%) Military
14 8 (0.56%) Back Office
15 7 (0.49%) Investment Banking
16 4 (0.28%) Pharmaceutical
17 3 (0.21%) Legal
17 3 (0.21%) Publishing
18 2 (0.14%) Advertising
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 201 (14.18%) .NET
2 188 (13.27%) AngularJS
2 188 (13.27%) Node.js
3 141 (9.95%) Spring
4 134 (9.46%) Web Services
5 129 (9.10%) HTML
6 119 (8.40%) CSS
7 114 (8.05%) React
8 111 (7.83%) REST
9 77 (5.43%) Kafka
10 72 (5.08%) RESTful
11 64 (4.52%) ASP.NET
12 61 (4.30%) XML
13 57 (4.02%) Spring Boot
14 55 (3.88%) HTML5
15 51 (3.60%) jQuery
16 50 (3.53%) WPF
17 48 (3.39%) .NET Framework
18 44 (3.11%) RabbitMQ
19 43 (3.03%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 127 (8.96%) Computer Science
2 67 (4.73%) User Experience
3 64 (4.52%) Analytical Skills
4 56 (3.95%) Greenfield Project
5 54 (3.81%) Self-Motivation
6 41 (2.89%) Algorithms
7 40 (2.82%) Embedded Systems
8 29 (2.05%) Enterprise Software
9 23 (1.62%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
9 23 (1.62%) Public Cloud
10 22 (1.55%) Mobile App
11 16 (1.13%) Data Structures
12 15 (1.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 14 (0.99%) Wiki
14 13 (0.92%) Fixed Income
14 13 (0.92%) Hedge funds
15 12 (0.85%) Device Driver
16 11 (0.78%) CUDA
17 10 (0.71%) Blog
17 10 (0.71%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 343 (24.21%) Linux
2 123 (8.68%) Windows
3 76 (5.36%) Unix
4 43 (3.03%) Android
5 28 (1.98%) Embedded Linux
6 26 (1.83%) Apple iOS
7 22 (1.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 19 (1.34%) VxWorks
9 13 (0.92%) FreeRTOS
10 10 (0.71%) Ubuntu
11 8 (0.56%) SafeRTOS
12 7 (0.49%) Windows 7
13 6 (0.42%) Nucleus RTOS
14 5 (0.35%) Windows 10
15 4 (0.28%) Mac OS X
15 4 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
16 3 (0.21%) Debian
16 3 (0.21%) Oracle Linux
16 3 (0.21%) Windows Server
16 3 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,379 (97.32%) Software Engineering
2 600 (42.34%) Agile Software Development
3 256 (18.07%) TDD
4 229 (16.16%) Scrum
5 215 (15.17%) Test Automation
6 191 (13.48%) OO
7 186 (13.13%) Continuous Integration
8 176 (12.42%) DevOps
9 157 (11.08%) Microservices
10 149 (10.52%) BDD
11 148 (10.44%) Problem-Solving
12 138 (9.74%) UML
13 121 (8.54%) SDLC
14 104 (7.34%) Unit Testing
15 93 (6.56%) MVC
16 89 (6.28%) Continuous Delivery
17 86 (6.07%) Open Source
18 81 (5.72%) Kanban
19 80 (5.65%) Multithreading
20 78 (5.50%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 549 (38.74%) Java
2 444 (31.33%) C++
3 320 (22.58%) JavaScript
4 313 (22.09%) C#
5 288 (20.32%) C
6 286 (20.18%) Python
7 247 (17.43%) SQL
8 99 (6.99%) Embedded C
9 82 (5.79%) Scala
10 79 (5.58%) Java 8
11 75 (5.29%) Embedded C++
12 54 (3.81%) PHP
13 44 (3.11%) TypeScript
14 43 (3.03%) Ada
15 40 (2.82%) Go
16 37 (2.61%) MATLAB
16 37 (2.61%) Ruby
17 36 (2.54%) Groovy
18 32 (2.26%) Perl
19 31 (2.19%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 214 (15.10%) Security Cleared
2 164 (11.57%) SC Cleared
3 127 (8.96%) Degree
4 33 (2.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (0.42%) PhD
6 5 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (0.35%) DBS Check
6 5 (0.35%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
8 2 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.071%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.071%) BC Cleared
9 1 (0.071%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.071%) HND
9 1 (0.071%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.071%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (2.89%) QA
2 36 (2.54%) MISRA
3 27 (1.91%) MISRA C
4 15 (1.06%) GCP
5 14 (0.99%) DO-178B
6 10 (0.71%) IEC 62304
7 7 (0.49%) Disclosure Scotland
7 7 (0.49%) IEC 61508
8 4 (0.28%) ISO 9001
9 3 (0.21%) Def Stans
9 3 (0.21%) ISO 26262
10 2 (0.14%) ARP4754
10 2 (0.14%) ECSS
10 2 (0.14%) ISO 13485
10 2 (0.14%) SLA
11 1 (0.071%) DO-160
11 1 (0.071%) GDPR
11 1 (0.071%) IEC 61131
11 1 (0.071%) ISO 15765
11 1 (0.071%) MIL-STD-498
System Software
1 152 (10.73%) Docker
2 20 (1.41%) Firmware
3 9 (0.64%) HDFS
4 7 (0.49%) Active Directory
5 5 (0.35%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.14%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.14%) Xen
8 1 (0.071%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.071%) Oracle RAC
8 1 (0.071%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.071%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 60 (4.23%) Terraform
2 58 (4.09%) Kubernetes
3 47 (3.32%) Ansible
4 38 (2.68%) Puppet
5 20 (1.41%) Grafana
6 18 (1.27%) Opscode Chef
7 16 (1.13%) Kibana
8 7 (0.49%) Mesos
9 6 (0.42%) Oozie
10 5 (0.35%) Graylog
10 5 (0.35%) SELinux
11 4 (0.28%) logstash
12 3 (0.21%) Docker Swarm
13 2 (0.14%) Consul
13 2 (0.14%) HockeyApp
13 2 (0.14%) HP Quality Center
14 1 (0.071%) Ambari
14 1 (0.071%) Hadoop YARN
14 1 (0.071%) Host Intrusion Detection System
14 1 (0.071%) Salt
Vendors
1 75 (5.29%) Oracle
2 69 (4.87%) Microsoft
3 54 (3.81%) Google
4 26 (1.83%) Red Hat
5 18 (1.27%) Zend
6 15 (1.06%) Atlassian
7 12 (0.85%) SAP
8 10 (0.71%) Green Hills
8 10 (0.71%) Splunk
9 9 (0.64%) VMware
10 8 (0.56%) AppDynamics
10 8 (0.56%) MuleSoft
11 7 (0.49%) Cloudera
11 7 (0.49%) MapR
12 6 (0.42%) Apple
12 6 (0.42%) BMC
12 6 (0.42%) IBM
12 6 (0.42%) Remedy
12 6 (0.42%) Salesforce.com
12 6 (0.42%) Tableau