Period
to

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £600 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
UK
6 months to
12 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 122 127 125
Rank change year-on-year +5 -2 +53
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 1,890 1,520 686
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.13% 2.06% 1.98%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.29% 2.21% 2.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,301 1,034 441
10th Percentile £438 £388 £370
25th Percentile £500 £438 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £518 £525
Median % change year-on-year +15.83% -1.33% +16.67%
75th Percentile £695 £600 £650
90th Percentile £750 £700 £763
UK excluding London median daily rate £533 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +12.11% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 132 80 70
10th Percentile £42.63 £37.92 £37.16
25th Percentile £51.25 £44.00 £41.25
Median hourly rate £60.00 £49.50 £45.46
Median % change year-on-year +21.21% +8.90% -2.25%
75th Percentile £65.00 £52.50 £50.00
90th Percentile £65.76 £58.88 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £60.00 £47.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +26.32% +5.56% -2.70%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 82,505 68,830 32,170
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.05% 93.11% 93.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,179 47,422 21,337
10th Percentile £319 £300 £258
25th Percentile £425 £400 £370
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +8.00% +5.26% +2.15%
75th Percentile £650 £600 £575
90th Percentile £750 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £490 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +8.89% +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,804 1,977 1,095
10th Percentile £13.12 £11.50 £11.24
25th Percentile £16.20 £13.50 £14.45
Median hourly rate £25.00 £19.82 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year +26.17% -3.34% +9.63%
75th Percentile £54.81 £42.79 £43.49
90th Percentile £68.00 £60.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.11 £17.60 £19.50
% change year-on-year +19.94% -9.74% +11.43%

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 12 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +11 1,670 £600 +14.29% 1,009
London +21 911 £600 +9.09% 332
Work from Home -8 872 £550 +5.77% 516
UK excluding London -8 707 £533 +12.11% 743
South West +17 189 £550 +15.79% 120
Midlands +21 130 £495 +11.86% 105
South East -19 126 £550 +12.24% 158
West Midlands +31 120 £495 +10.00% 64
East of England +13 106 £550 +44.74% 153
North of England -51 98 £525 +20.69% 137
North West -52 59 £550 +29.41% 94
Scotland -20 43 £550 +15.79% 50
Yorkshire -34 27 £475 - 38
North East -2 13 £600 +14.29% 5
Wales -27 13 £600 +21.21% 11
East Midlands -11 10 £519 +53.70% 41
Northern Ireland - 2 - - 9
Channel Islands - 1 £600 -

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 12 August 2022, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 1,847 (97.72%) Software Engineering
2 941 (49.79%) Agile
3 831 (43.97%) Java
4 771 (40.79%) AWS
5 643 (34.02%) Python
6 642 (33.97%) JavaScript
7 562 (29.74%) React
8 504 (26.67%) Finance
9 449 (23.76%) Microservices
10 448 (23.70%) Azure
11 446 (23.60%) SQL
12 402 (21.27%) TypeScript
13 366 (19.37%) Security Cleared
14 364 (19.26%) CI/CD
15 354 (18.73%) Investment Management
16 351 (18.57%) DevOps
17 347 (18.36%) C#
18 324 (17.14%) Analytics
19 316 (16.72%) SC Cleared
19 316 (16.72%) Front Office
20 314 (16.61%) Full Stack Development
21 313 (16.56%) GCP
22 311 (16.46%) Asset Management
23 310 (16.40%) Linux
24 289 (15.29%) C++
25 286 (15.13%) Node.js
26 270 (14.29%) .NET
27 265 (14.02%) Git (software)
28 262 (13.86%) Hedge funds
29 253 (13.39%) Equities

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 137 (7.25%) Confluence
2 111 (5.87%) Apache
3 46 (2.43%) SAS
4 44 (2.33%) Apache Airflow
5 43 (2.28%) WebLogic
6 30 (1.59%) nginx
7 25 (1.32%) Apache Solr
7 25 (1.32%) Apache Spark
8 11 (0.58%) Oracle Service Bus
8 11 (0.58%) Tomcat
9 10 (0.53%) SharePoint
10 9 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
11 8 (0.42%) CICS
12 6 (0.32%) CMS
12 6 (0.32%) Ethereum
13 5 (0.26%) Oracle 9iAS
13 5 (0.26%) Oracle Application Server
14 4 (0.21%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 4 (0.21%) Headless CMS
14 4 (0.21%) Mule
Applications
1 25 (1.32%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (0.74%) Simulink
3 9 (0.48%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.26%) Chatbot
4 5 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
5 3 (0.16%) Stateflow
6 2 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.053%) InVision
7 1 (0.053%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.053%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 15 (0.79%) assyst
2 6 (0.32%) SAP Hybris
3 5 (0.26%) Oracle 11i
3 5 (0.26%) Oracle Applications
3 5 (0.26%) Oracle EBS
3 5 (0.26%) Siebel CRM
4 2 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.11%) SAP HR
5 1 (0.053%) Bloomberg AIM
5 1 (0.053%) Eikon
5 1 (0.053%) LabWindows
5 1 (0.053%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.053%) Primavera
5 1 (0.053%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.053%) SAP GRC
5 1 (0.053%) SAP GTS
5 1 (0.053%) SAP MDG
5 1 (0.053%) SAP SD
5 1 (0.053%) Teamcenter
5 1 (0.053%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 771 (40.79%) AWS
2 448 (23.70%) Azure
3 313 (16.56%) GCP
4 229 (12.12%) Serverless
5 177 (9.37%) AWS Lambda
6 78 (4.13%) GitHub
7 76 (4.02%) Amazon S3
8 62 (3.28%) Amazon EC2
9 50 (2.65%) Azure DevOps
10 29 (1.53%) AWS CloudFormation
11 28 (1.48%) Commercetools
12 27 (1.43%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 26 (1.38%) Amazon Kinesis
14 25 (1.32%) Amazon Cognito
14 25 (1.32%) Amazon SQS
15 23 (1.22%) OpenShift
16 21 (1.11%) Power Platform
17 19 (1.01%) AWS Step Functions
18 18 (0.95%) Azure Functions
18 18 (0.95%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 43 (2.28%) TCP/IP
2 39 (2.06%) Ethernet
3 23 (1.22%) DNS
3 23 (1.22%) HTTP
4 15 (0.79%) Firewall
5 12 (0.63%) DHCP
5 12 (0.63%) SNMP
5 12 (0.63%) Wi-Fi
6 11 (0.58%) Internet
6 11 (0.58%) MQTT
6 11 (0.58%) Wireless
7 10 (0.53%) VPN
8 9 (0.48%) Bluetooth
9 8 (0.42%) Network Security
9 8 (0.42%) VoIP
9 8 (0.42%) ZigBee
10 6 (0.32%) HTTPS
11 5 (0.26%) IPv4
11 5 (0.26%) IPv6
11 5 (0.26%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 106 (5.61%) PostgreSQL
2 85 (4.50%) Pentaho
3 78 (4.13%) NoSQL
4 71 (3.76%) MySQL
5 64 (3.39%) MongoDB
6 60 (3.17%) Big Data
7 55 (2.91%) Oracle Database
7 55 (2.91%) SQL Server
8 51 (2.70%) DynamoDB
9 48 (2.54%) Hadoop
10 45 (2.38%) Apache Ignite
11 44 (2.33%) Relational Database
12 36 (1.90%) HBase
13 32 (1.69%) Data Warehouse
14 31 (1.64%) Elasticsearch
15 30 (1.59%) Apache Hive
16 25 (1.32%) Apache Cassandra
16 25 (1.32%) Redis
17 20 (1.06%) Amazon Athena
17 20 (1.06%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 265 (14.02%) Git (software)
2 194 (10.26%) JIRA
3 138 (7.30%) Jenkins
4 84 (4.44%) GitLab
5 74 (3.92%) Bitbucket
6 71 (3.76%) Maven
7 42 (2.22%) Visual Studio
8 39 (2.06%) Cypress.io
8 39 (2.06%) Eclipse
9 33 (1.75%) Artifactory
10 28 (1.48%) Subversion
11 26 (1.38%) JUnit
12 25 (1.32%) CA Gen
13 23 (1.22%) Gradle
14 22 (1.16%) Selenium
15 17 (0.90%) Postman
16 14 (0.74%) Cucumber
16 14 (0.74%) Mockito
17 13 (0.69%) Rational DOORS
17 13 (0.69%) webpack
General
1 504 (26.67%) Finance
2 316 (16.72%) Front Office
3 228 (12.06%) Social Skills
4 110 (5.82%) Public Sector
5 81 (4.29%) Analytical Skills
6 60 (3.17%) Banking
7 43 (2.28%) Retail
8 36 (1.90%) Presentation Skills
9 32 (1.69%) Aerospace
10 26 (1.38%) Automotive
11 25 (1.32%) Electronics
12 18 (0.95%) Investment Banking
13 15 (0.79%) Law
14 14 (0.74%) Influencing Skills
15 13 (0.69%) Financial Institution
16 11 (0.58%) Legal
17 10 (0.53%) Games
18 9 (0.48%) Manufacturing
19 8 (0.42%) Military
19 8 (0.42%) Publishing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 562 (29.74%) React
2 286 (15.13%) Node.js
3 270 (14.29%) .NET
4 183 (9.68%) Kafka
5 174 (9.21%) Spring
6 151 (7.99%) Spring Boot
7 141 (7.46%) HTML
8 140 (7.41%) REST
9 132 (6.98%) CSS
10 129 (6.83%) GraphQL
11 128 (6.77%) AngularJS
12 125 (6.61%) .NET Core
13 114 (6.03%) Pandas
14 110 (5.82%) NumPy
14 110 (5.82%) SciPy
15 108 (5.71%) gRPC
16 102 (5.40%) RESTful
17 72 (3.81%) Vue.js
18 69 (3.65%) Protocol Buffers
19 59 (3.12%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 262 (13.86%) Hedge funds
2 253 (13.39%) Equities
3 242 (12.80%) Derivative
4 173 (9.15%) Fixed Income
5 160 (8.47%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 77 (4.07%) Greenfield Project
7 70 (3.70%) Mobile App
8 58 (3.07%) Data Structures
9 56 (2.96%) Cloud Native
10 53 (2.80%) Algorithms
11 48 (2.54%) User Experience
12 38 (2.01%) iPad
13 33 (1.75%) Self-Motivation
14 31 (1.64%) Public Cloud
15 25 (1.32%) IoT
16 17 (0.90%) Legacy Systems
17 16 (0.85%) Data Protection Act
17 16 (0.85%) Embedded Systems
17 16 (0.85%) Reference Data
18 14 (0.74%) Blockchain
Operating Systems
1 310 (16.40%) Linux
2 180 (9.52%) Unix
3 122 (6.46%) Windows
4 55 (2.91%) Android
5 37 (1.96%) Apple iOS
6 11 (0.58%) Embedded Linux
7 8 (0.42%) Solaris
7 8 (0.42%) zOS
8 6 (0.32%) Mac OS
9 3 (0.16%) VxWorks
10 2 (0.11%) OpenWrt
10 2 (0.11%) Tizen
10 2 (0.11%) Ubuntu
10 2 (0.11%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.053%) Debian
11 1 (0.053%) FreeRTOS
11 1 (0.053%) Robot Operating System
11 1 (0.053%) ThreadX
11 1 (0.053%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,847 (97.72%) Software Engineering
2 941 (49.79%) Agile
3 449 (23.76%) Microservices
4 364 (19.26%) CI/CD
5 354 (18.73%) Investment Management
6 351 (18.57%) DevOps
7 324 (17.14%) Analytics
8 314 (16.61%) Full Stack Development
9 311 (16.46%) Asset Management
10 222 (11.75%) Scrum
11 204 (10.79%) TDD
12 177 (9.37%) Test Automation
13 167 (8.84%) Continuous Integration
14 157 (8.31%) Configuration Management
15 148 (7.83%) Data Analytics
16 143 (7.57%) Software Testing
17 132 (6.98%) Visualisation
18 128 (6.77%) Test Strategy
19 123 (6.51%) Problem-Solving
20 119 (6.30%) Process Improvement
Programming Languages
1 831 (43.97%) Java
2 643 (34.02%) Python
3 642 (33.97%) JavaScript
4 446 (23.60%) SQL
5 402 (21.27%) TypeScript
6 347 (18.36%) C#
7 289 (15.29%) C++
8 138 (7.30%) PL/SQL
9 134 (7.09%) C
10 111 (5.87%) Shell Script
11 98 (5.19%) Go
12 91 (4.81%) Scala
13 80 (4.23%) Perl
14 46 (2.43%) PHP
15 39 (2.06%) COBOL
15 39 (2.06%) VBA
16 37 (1.96%) Ada
17 36 (1.90%) HiveQL
18 35 (1.85%) R
19 33 (1.75%) Bash
Qualifications
1 366 (19.37%) Security Cleared
2 316 (16.72%) SC Cleared
3 104 (5.50%) Degree
4 68 (3.60%) DV Cleared
5 39 (2.06%) Computer Science Degree
6 22 (1.16%) BPSS Clearance
7 12 (0.63%) AWS Certification
8 10 (0.53%) Chartered Engineer
9 6 (0.32%) Cisco Certification
9 6 (0.32%) Master's Degree
10 5 (0.26%) CCNA
10 5 (0.26%) Oracle Certification
10 5 (0.26%) PhD
11 4 (0.21%) OCP
12 3 (0.16%) CEH
13 2 (0.11%) DBS Check
13 2 (0.11%) MBA
14 1 (0.053%) Microsoft Certification
14 1 (0.053%) OCA
14 1 (0.053%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 82 (4.34%) QA
2 10 (0.53%) Accessibility
3 9 (0.48%) Data Quality
4 8 (0.42%) IEC 62304
5 7 (0.37%) ISO 13485
6 6 (0.32%) GDPR
6 6 (0.32%) IEC 61508
7 5 (0.26%) MISRA
8 4 (0.21%) CRD IV
8 4 (0.21%) Def Stans
9 3 (0.16%) ARP4754
10 2 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 12207
10 2 (0.11%) WCAG
11 1 (0.053%) Disclosure Scotland
11 1 (0.053%) GRC
11 1 (0.053%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 1 (0.053%) MISRA C
System Software
1 245 (12.96%) Docker
2 36 (1.90%) HDFS
3 15 (0.79%) Firmware
4 8 (0.42%) Embedded Firmware
4 8 (0.42%) Job Entry Subsystem
4 8 (0.42%) RACF
5 5 (0.26%) iptables
5 5 (0.26%) KVM
5 5 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
5 5 (0.26%) Xen
6 4 (0.21%) Active Directory
6 4 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.16%) VMware Infrastructure
8 2 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.053%) GridGain
Systems Management
1 240 (12.70%) Kubernetes
2 142 (7.51%) Terraform
3 38 (2.01%) Ansible
4 22 (1.16%) Puppet
5 18 (0.95%) Grafana
6 9 (0.48%) AirWatch
6 9 (0.48%) Prometheus
7 8 (0.42%) Opscode Chef
7 8 (0.42%) Tivoli NetView
8 5 (0.26%) Consul
8 5 (0.26%) Data Guard
8 5 (0.26%) Oracle RMAN
9 3 (0.16%) Salt
9 3 (0.16%) vCenter Server
10 2 (0.11%) HAProxy
10 2 (0.11%) Kibana
10 2 (0.11%) Nagios
11 1 (0.053%) CA Endevor
11 1 (0.053%) logstash
11 1 (0.053%) systemd
Vendors
1 183 (9.68%) Oracle
2 93 (4.92%) Microsoft
3 60 (3.17%) Google
4 47 (2.49%) Talend
5 39 (2.06%) Informatica
6 37 (1.96%) webMethods
7 29 (1.53%) BEA
7 29 (1.53%) Pega
8 23 (1.22%) Atlassian
9 22 (1.16%) Denodo
10 19 (1.01%) Splunk
11 18 (0.95%) Cloudera
12 17 (0.90%) SAP
13 16 (0.85%) Bloomberg
14 15 (0.79%) IBM
15 13 (0.69%) Xamarin
16 12 (0.63%) Charles River
17 11 (0.58%) Red Hat
18 10 (0.53%) Apple
18 10 (0.53%) Siebel