Period
to 15 December 2018

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 15 December 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
UK
6 months to
15 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 189 244 243
Rank change year-on-year +55 -1 +10
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 1,546 1,122 1,093
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.48% 1.09% 1.06%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.57% 1.15% 1.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 804 581 610
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £313
90th Percentile £616 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £418 £400
% change year-on-year +1.80% +4.38% +14.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 223 192 189
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £42.20
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +0.71% +5.50%
10th Percentile £32.50 £33.88 £32.50
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.78 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £42.00
% change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 98,694 97,988 97,540
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.71% 94.94% 94.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 65,351 64,962 63,626
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +4.29%
10th Percentile £270 £258 £250
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £395
% change year-on-year +6.25% +1.27% +5.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3,030 2,868 3,307
UK median hourly rate £18.50 £18.70 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.07% +3.89% -
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.76 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.83 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £18.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year -2.78% +2.86% -

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 15 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 15 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 15 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +50 1,386 £475 +2.70% 1,305
UK excluding London +35 990 £425 +1.80% 1,145
London +77 526 £525 +5.00% 301
South East +68 351 £450 +5.88% 302
North of England -7 162 £425 -5.56% 160
South West -14 129 £388 +3.33% 176
East of England -16 110 £445 +18.67% 228
Midlands +24 101 £425 +3.03% 139
Yorkshire +14 80 £425 -15.00% 54
Wales +18 79 £405 -2.99% 52
West Midlands +20 71 £450 +13.21% 76
North West -27 66 £425 -8.11% 91
Scotland -8 50 £350 -15.15% 76
East Midlands +7 30 £350 -24.32% 63
North East -1 16 £435 +24.29% 15
Channel Islands -2 5 - -
Northern Ireland +32 3 - - 13

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 15 December 2018, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 1,499 (96.96%) Software Engineering
2 687 (44.44%) Agile Software Development
3 556 (35.96%) Java
4 465 (30.08%) C++
5 354 (22.90%) Linux
6 329 (21.28%) Python
7 311 (20.12%) JavaScript
8 304 (19.66%) C#
9 298 (19.28%) C
10 264 (17.08%) TDD
11 249 (16.11%) Amazon AWS
12 246 (15.91%) Git (software)
13 240 (15.52%) SQL
13 240 (15.52%) Microservices
14 224 (14.49%) .NET
14 224 (14.49%) Scrum
15 216 (13.97%) DevOps
16 203 (13.13%) Test Automation
16 203 (13.13%) Security Cleared
16 203 (13.13%) OO
17 190 (12.29%) Computer Science
18 187 (12.10%) Node.js
19 183 (11.84%) Degree
20 182 (11.77%) AngularJS
21 176 (11.38%) Docker
22 174 (11.25%) HTML
23 172 (11.13%) Problem-Solving
24 168 (10.87%) Web Services
25 166 (10.74%) Continuous Integration
26 165 (10.67%) Finance

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 63 (4.08%) Elasticsearch
2 55 (3.56%) Confluence
3 51 (3.30%) Apache Spark
4 41 (2.65%) Apache
5 21 (1.36%) Tomcat
6 17 (1.10%) CMS
7 16 (1.03%) JBoss
8 15 (0.97%) Gunicorn
9 13 (0.84%) nginx
10 12 (0.78%) Apache Solr
10 12 (0.78%) WebLogic
11 11 (0.71%) Cloud Foundry
12 10 (0.65%) SharePoint
13 9 (0.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 9 (0.58%) Mule
14 8 (0.52%) WebSphere
15 7 (0.45%) IIS
16 6 (0.39%) Apache ServiceMix
16 6 (0.39%) Drupal
16 6 (0.39%) SAS
Applications
1 37 (2.39%) Simulink
2 12 (0.78%) Microsoft Project
3 6 (0.39%) Chatbot
4 5 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
5 4 (0.26%) Microsoft Excel
6 3 (0.19%) Stateflow
7 2 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.065%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.065%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (0.52%) Oracle EBS R12
2 6 (0.39%) Distributed Ledger
2 6 (0.39%) Remedy AR System
2 6 (0.39%) Remedy ITSM
3 2 (0.13%) Bloomberg AIM
3 2 (0.13%) Eagle PACE
3 2 (0.13%) Markit EDM
3 2 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.13%) thinkFolio
4 1 (0.065%) Decalog
4 1 (0.065%) Exstream
4 1 (0.065%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 249 (16.11%) Amazon AWS
2 108 (6.99%) Microsoft Azure
3 66 (4.27%) Serverless
4 56 (3.62%) AWS Lambda
5 35 (2.26%) AWS CloudFormation
6 33 (2.13%) GitHub
7 31 (2.01%) Amazon SQS
8 30 (1.94%) Google Cloud Platform
9 22 (1.42%) Slack
10 19 (1.23%) PaaS
10 19 (1.23%) SaaS
11 14 (0.91%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 13 (0.84%) Cloud Computing
13 12 (0.78%) Amazon EC2
14 11 (0.71%) Amazon S3
15 10 (0.65%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 10 (0.65%) Amazon Kinesis
15 10 (0.65%) Google Analytics
15 10 (0.65%) IaaS
16 9 (0.58%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 51 (3.30%) TCP/IP
2 36 (2.33%) HTTP
3 27 (1.75%) Internet
4 19 (1.23%) Wireless
5 16 (1.03%) SSL
6 15 (0.97%) Bluetooth
6 15 (0.97%) Wi-Fi
7 14 (0.91%) Firewall
7 14 (0.91%) SNMP
8 13 (0.84%) Tactical Data Link
8 13 (0.84%) VoIP
9 12 (0.78%) Wireshark
10 9 (0.58%) AMQP
11 8 (0.52%) Ethernet
11 8 (0.52%) RS-232
12 6 (0.39%) Intranet
13 5 (0.32%) LTE
13 5 (0.32%) ZigBee
14 4 (0.26%) 4G
14 4 (0.26%) DLNA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 129 (8.34%) MongoDB
2 124 (8.02%) NoSQL
3 103 (6.66%) Relational Database
4 101 (6.53%) SQL Server
5 99 (6.40%) MySQL
6 87 (5.63%) Big Data
7 80 (5.17%) Hadoop
8 73 (4.72%) PostgreSQL
9 40 (2.59%) RDBMS
10 38 (2.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 31 (2.01%) Apache Hive
12 29 (1.88%) Data Warehouse
13 26 (1.68%) Apache Cassandra
14 21 (1.36%) Oracle Database
15 20 (1.29%) Redis
16 14 (0.91%) Couchbase
17 12 (0.78%) GIS
17 12 (0.78%) Neo4j
17 12 (0.78%) SQL Server 2008
18 11 (0.71%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 246 (15.91%) Git (software)
2 152 (9.83%) Jenkins
3 104 (6.73%) Visual Studio
4 95 (6.14%) Maven
5 90 (5.82%) JIRA
6 80 (5.17%) Selenium
7 69 (4.46%) Cucumber
8 58 (3.75%) Rational DOORS
9 55 (3.56%) Subversion
10 53 (3.43%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 47 (3.04%) JUnit
12 46 (2.98%) Gatling
12 46 (2.98%) Hudson
13 44 (2.85%) Rational Rhapsody
14 39 (2.52%) Artifactory
15 31 (2.01%) IntelliJ
16 30 (1.94%) TeamCity
17 27 (1.75%) Eclipse
18 25 (1.62%) Ant
18 25 (1.62%) Mercurial
General
1 165 (10.67%) Finance
2 83 (5.37%) Banking
3 63 (4.08%) Electronics
4 56 (3.62%) Front Office
5 54 (3.49%) Manufacturing
6 46 (2.98%) Law
7 45 (2.91%) Automotive
8 42 (2.72%) Retail
9 30 (1.94%) Aerospace
10 28 (1.81%) Games
11 26 (1.68%) Telecoms
12 24 (1.55%) Avionics
13 17 (1.10%) Marketing
14 10 (0.65%) Back Office
15 7 (0.45%) Legal
15 7 (0.45%) Publishing
16 6 (0.39%) Investment Banking
16 6 (0.39%) Military
17 4 (0.26%) French Language
18 3 (0.19%) Advertising
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 224 (14.49%) .NET
2 187 (12.10%) Node.js
3 182 (11.77%) AngularJS
4 174 (11.25%) HTML
5 168 (10.87%) Web Services
6 151 (9.77%) CSS
6 151 (9.77%) Spring
7 144 (9.31%) React
8 141 (9.12%) REST
9 81 (5.24%) Kafka
10 77 (4.98%) ASP.NET
11 76 (4.92%) RESTful
12 74 (4.79%) HTML5
13 67 (4.33%) Spring Boot
14 65 (4.20%) JSON
15 57 (3.69%) .NET Framework
16 53 (3.43%) RabbitMQ
17 50 (3.23%) XML
18 49 (3.17%) WPF
19 47 (3.04%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 88 (5.69%) User Experience
2 77 (4.98%) Greenfield Project
3 67 (4.33%) Analytical Skills
4 59 (3.82%) Self-Motivation
5 54 (3.49%) Embedded Systems
6 47 (3.04%) Algorithms
7 34 (2.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 31 (2.01%) Derivative
9 27 (1.75%) Enterprise Software
10 26 (1.68%) Fixed Income
10 26 (1.68%) Mobile App
11 20 (1.29%) Device Driver
11 20 (1.29%) Equities
12 19 (1.23%) Public Cloud
13 17 (1.10%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
14 16 (1.03%) Data Structures
14 16 (1.03%) Life Science
15 15 (0.97%) Cloud Native
15 15 (0.97%) Fintech
15 15 (0.97%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 354 (22.90%) Linux
2 141 (9.12%) Windows
3 71 (4.59%) Unix
4 52 (3.36%) Embedded Linux
5 48 (3.10%) Android
6 28 (1.81%) Apple iOS
7 22 (1.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 13 (0.84%) VxWorks
9 11 (0.71%) Ubuntu
10 8 (0.52%) CentOS
10 8 (0.52%) Windows Server
11 7 (0.45%) FreeRTOS
12 6 (0.39%) Mac OS X
13 5 (0.32%) SafeRTOS
14 4 (0.26%) Nucleus RTOS
14 4 (0.26%) Windows 10
15 3 (0.19%) Windows 7
15 3 (0.19%) Windows Embedded Compact
15 3 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
15 3 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,499 (96.96%) Software Engineering
2 687 (44.44%) Agile Software Development
3 264 (17.08%) TDD
4 240 (15.52%) Microservices
5 224 (14.49%) Scrum
6 216 (13.97%) DevOps
7 203 (13.13%) OO
7 203 (13.13%) Test Automation
8 190 (12.29%) Computer Science
9 172 (11.13%) Problem-Solving
10 166 (10.74%) Continuous Integration
11 154 (9.96%) BDD
12 139 (8.99%) Unit Testing
13 135 (8.73%) UML
14 105 (6.79%) SDLC
15 99 (6.40%) Multithreading
15 99 (6.40%) MVC
16 86 (5.56%) Configuration Management
16 86 (5.56%) Mathematics
17 80 (5.17%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 556 (35.96%) Java
2 465 (30.08%) C++
3 329 (21.28%) Python
4 311 (20.12%) JavaScript
5 304 (19.66%) C#
6 298 (19.28%) C
7 240 (15.52%) SQL
8 125 (8.09%) Embedded C
9 97 (6.27%) Java 8
10 62 (4.01%) Go
11 60 (3.88%) PHP
12 59 (3.82%) Embedded C++
13 53 (3.43%) ES6
14 45 (2.91%) Scala
15 42 (2.72%) MATLAB
16 36 (2.33%) TypeScript
17 34 (2.20%) Ada
18 30 (1.94%) PowerShell
19 27 (1.75%) Bash Shell
19 27 (1.75%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 203 (13.13%) Security Cleared
2 183 (11.84%) Degree
3 152 (9.83%) SC Cleared
4 71 (4.59%) Computer Science Degree
5 34 (2.20%) AWS Certification
6 14 (0.91%) Master's Degree
7 8 (0.52%) PhD
8 7 (0.45%) BPSS Clearance
8 7 (0.45%) DV Cleared
9 6 (0.39%) Sun Certification
10 4 (0.26%) DBS Check
10 4 (0.26%) Numerate Degree
11 3 (0.19%) CCNA
11 3 (0.19%) CompTIA Security+
11 3 (0.19%) GIAC
11 3 (0.19%) Linux+ Certification
11 3 (0.19%) MCSE
11 3 (0.19%) Network+ Certification
11 3 (0.19%) SANS
11 3 (0.19%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 43 (2.78%) MISRA
2 39 (2.52%) QA
3 25 (1.62%) MISRA C
4 10 (0.65%) DO-178B
5 3 (0.19%) ARP4754
5 3 (0.19%) IEC 61508
5 3 (0.19%) ISO 26262
6 2 (0.13%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.13%) IEC 62304
6 2 (0.13%) MIL-STD-498
6 2 (0.13%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.13%) SLA
7 1 (0.065%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 1 (0.065%) Def Stans
7 1 (0.065%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.065%) DO-160
7 1 (0.065%) GDPR
7 1 (0.065%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.065%) PMO
7 1 (0.065%) PSD2
System Software
1 176 (11.38%) Docker
2 24 (1.55%) Firmware
3 5 (0.32%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.26%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
5 3 (0.19%) HDFS
5 3 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.19%) vSphere
6 2 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.065%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.065%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.065%) OpenAM
7 1 (0.065%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.065%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 90 (5.82%) Terraform
2 61 (3.95%) Ansible
3 53 (3.43%) Kubernetes
4 44 (2.85%) Puppet
5 16 (1.03%) Grafana
6 10 (0.65%) Kibana
7 8 (0.52%) Mesos
8 7 (0.45%) Opscode Chef
9 5 (0.32%) Graylog
10 4 (0.26%) Tivoli
11 3 (0.19%) Oozie
11 3 (0.19%) Packer
11 3 (0.19%) Salt
11 3 (0.19%) SELinux
12 2 (0.13%) Docker Swarm
12 2 (0.13%) Graphite
12 2 (0.13%) Marathon
13 1 (0.065%) PowerCLI
13 1 (0.065%) rkt
13 1 (0.065%) WSUS
Vendors
1 93 (6.02%) Oracle
2 81 (5.24%) Microsoft
3 63 (4.08%) Google
4 25 (1.62%) IBM
5 16 (1.03%) Salesforce.com
6 15 (0.97%) Red Hat
7 11 (0.71%) Adobe
7 11 (0.71%) Green Hills
7 11 (0.71%) Tableau
7 11 (0.71%) Zend
8 10 (0.65%) Rackspace
8 10 (0.65%) Splunk
9 8 (0.52%) Serena
9 8 (0.52%) WSO2
10 7 (0.45%) Atlassian
10 7 (0.45%) SAP
10 7 (0.45%) Telerik
11 6 (0.39%) BMC
11 6 (0.39%) PTC
11 6 (0.39%) Remedy