Period
to 20 October 2019

The median contractor rate for a Software Engineer was £450 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 20 October 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineer
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 153 182 244
Rank change year-on-year +29 +62 +23
Contract jobs requiring a Software Engineer 1,492 1,563 1,085
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.77% 1.53% 1.09%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.88% 1.61% 1.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 676 819 552
UK median daily rate £450 £475 £436
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.26% +8.88% +5.12%
10th Percentile £323 £325 £314
90th Percentile £620 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £438 £400
% change year-on-year -2.86% +9.38% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 201 223 194
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £44.27 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.30% +4.16% +1.19%
10th Percentile £41.00 £36.25 £32.65
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £44.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +6.74% +4.71% +1.19%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 79,448 96,974 94,353
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.13% 94.75% 94.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,136 63,737 61,964
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £440
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +2.27% +3.53%
10th Percentile £263 £268 £263
90th Percentile £644 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £415 £400
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,839 3,110 2,812
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £17.75 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.68% -5.08% +3.89%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.00 £10.75
90th Percentile £52.50 £48.75 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.50 £17.50 £18.00
% change year-on-year +5.71% -2.78% +2.86%

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 20 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 20 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +33 1,373 £450 -5.26% 1,450
UK excluding London +29 979 £425 -2.86% 1,174
London +50 491 £550 +4.76% 415
South West +44 298 £425 +30.77% 186
South East -8 247 £425 -5.56% 304
East of England +42 133 £400 -11.11% 216
North of England +16 129 £430 +1.18% 222
Midlands +43 74 £423 +4.32% 108
North West +2 60 £438 -2.78% 117
Yorkshire +16 58 £430 +1.18% 88
Wales -2 50 £388 -7.19% 33
West Midlands +34 49 £400 -14.21% 76
Scotland +27 45 £425 +21.43% 88
East Midlands +22 23 £513 +46.43% 32
North East +18 11 £430 +10.26% 17
Northern Ireland +4 3 £500 - 19

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 20 October 2019, Software Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 1,453 (97.39%) Software Engineering
2 657 (44.03%) C++
3 587 (39.34%) Agile Software Development
4 491 (32.91%) Java
5 414 (27.75%) C
6 413 (27.68%) Python
7 391 (26.21%) C#
8 369 (24.73%) Linux
9 315 (21.11%) JavaScript
10 259 (17.36%) Security Cleared
11 247 (16.55%) AWS
12 237 (15.88%) .NET
13 233 (15.62%) Finance
14 228 (15.28%) DevOps
15 198 (13.27%) Web Services
16 193 (12.94%) Microservices
17 189 (12.67%) UML
18 187 (12.53%) SC Cleared
19 185 (12.40%) OO
19 185 (12.40%) Docker
19 185 (12.40%) Azure
20 176 (11.80%) Node.js
21 170 (11.39%) React
22 169 (11.33%) Continuous Integration
23 166 (11.13%) TDD
24 165 (11.06%) SQL
25 160 (10.72%) Embedded C
26 157 (10.52%) Git (software)
27 151 (10.12%) Test Automation
28 150 (10.05%) AngularJS

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (2.01%) Elasticsearch
2 22 (1.47%) Apache
3 19 (1.27%) Confluence
4 18 (1.21%) Apache Spark
5 11 (0.74%) JBoss
6 8 (0.54%) Tomcat
7 4 (0.27%) CMS
7 4 (0.27%) nginx
8 3 (0.20%) IIS
8 3 (0.20%) Jupyter
8 3 (0.20%) SharePoint
8 3 (0.20%) Sonic ESB
9 2 (0.13%) Drupal
9 2 (0.13%) OpenEdge
9 2 (0.13%) OpenStack
9 2 (0.13%) SAS
9 2 (0.13%) Umbraco
9 2 (0.13%) WebSphere
10 1 (0.067%) Apache Pig
10 1 (0.067%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 28 (1.88%) Simulink
2 10 (0.67%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.47%) Adobe Illustrator
3 7 (0.47%) Inkscape
4 5 (0.34%) Microsoft Excel
5 4 (0.27%) Windchill
6 3 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.13%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.067%) AutoCAD
8 1 (0.067%) InfoPath
8 1 (0.067%) PrintSoft PReS
Business Applications
1 14 (0.94%) FINCAD Analytics
2 12 (0.80%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 8 (0.54%) PolarLake
4 7 (0.47%) Eikon
5 6 (0.40%) Markit EDM
6 3 (0.20%) osCommerce
7 2 (0.13%) LabWindows
8 1 (0.067%) Dynamics CRM
8 1 (0.067%) ION MarketView
8 1 (0.067%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 247 (16.55%) AWS
2 185 (12.40%) Azure
3 109 (7.31%) GitHub
4 88 (5.90%) Serverless
5 49 (3.28%) GCP
6 43 (2.88%) AWS Lambda
7 38 (2.55%) Amazon S3
8 27 (1.81%) Amazon EC2
9 21 (1.41%) AWS CloudFormation
9 21 (1.41%) Azure Functions
10 19 (1.27%) Amazon SQS
11 15 (1.01%) Amazon ECS
12 13 (0.87%) Cloud Computing
13 10 (0.67%) Azure Active Directory
13 10 (0.67%) Azure Data Factory
14 9 (0.60%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 9 (0.60%) Amazon Kinesis
14 9 (0.60%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 9 (0.60%) OpenShift
15 7 (0.47%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 39 (2.61%) TCP/IP
2 25 (1.68%) Wireshark
3 24 (1.61%) Internet
4 23 (1.54%) Ethernet
5 19 (1.27%) RS-232
5 19 (1.27%) RS-485
6 17 (1.14%) DNS
6 17 (1.14%) Wireless
7 15 (1.01%) Bluetooth
8 13 (0.87%) VoIP
8 13 (0.87%) Wi-Fi
9 12 (0.80%) HTTP
10 10 (0.67%) IPv6
11 8 (0.54%) 5G
11 8 (0.54%) DVB
12 7 (0.47%) Firewall
12 7 (0.47%) LTE
13 6 (0.40%) 4G
14 5 (0.34%) 3G
14 5 (0.34%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 115 (7.71%) SQL Server
2 74 (4.96%) NoSQL
3 67 (4.49%) PostgreSQL
4 66 (4.42%) Relational Database
5 64 (4.29%) Big Data
6 62 (4.16%) MySQL
7 57 (3.82%) MongoDB
8 46 (3.08%) RDBMS
9 41 (2.75%) Hadoop
10 36 (2.41%) Amazon RDS
11 35 (2.35%) Amazon Aurora
12 27 (1.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 23 (1.54%) Amazon Redshift
14 21 (1.41%) Amazon Athena
15 17 (1.14%) Cosmos DB
16 15 (1.01%) Redis
17 13 (0.87%) Apache Cassandra
18 11 (0.74%) KDB
18 11 (0.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 10 (0.67%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 157 (10.52%) Git (software)
2 105 (7.04%) Jenkins
3 89 (5.97%) Rational Rhapsody
4 72 (4.83%) JIRA
5 65 (4.36%) Visual Studio
6 62 (4.16%) Rational DOORS
7 45 (3.02%) Subversion
8 44 (2.95%) Cucumber
9 43 (2.88%) Selenium
10 37 (2.48%) Visual Studio Team System
11 31 (2.08%) Maven
12 22 (1.47%) GDB
13 20 (1.34%) Eclipse
13 20 (1.34%) Rational Team Concert
14 18 (1.21%) GitLab
14 18 (1.21%) NetBeans
14 18 (1.21%) NUnit
14 18 (1.21%) SpecFlow
15 17 (1.14%) TeamCity
16 16 (1.07%) SonarQube
General
1 233 (15.62%) Finance
2 103 (6.90%) Front Office
3 63 (4.22%) Law
4 55 (3.69%) Electronics
5 49 (3.28%) Banking
6 39 (2.61%) Military
7 33 (2.21%) Aerospace
7 33 (2.21%) Telecoms
8 32 (2.14%) Manufacturing
9 24 (1.61%) Public Sector
10 18 (1.21%) Avionics
10 18 (1.21%) Investment Banking
11 17 (1.14%) Games
12 16 (1.07%) Marketing
13 15 (1.01%) Retail
14 12 (0.80%) Advertising
15 11 (0.74%) Automotive
16 8 (0.54%) Financial Institution
17 6 (0.40%) Legal
17 6 (0.40%) Publishing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 237 (15.88%) .NET
2 198 (13.27%) Web Services
3 176 (11.80%) Node.js
4 170 (11.39%) React
5 150 (10.05%) AngularJS
6 90 (6.03%) HTML
7 83 (5.56%) Spring
8 82 (5.50%) CSS
9 70 (4.69%) J2EE
10 63 (4.22%) .NET Core
11 56 (3.75%) RESTful
12 54 (3.62%) REST
13 50 (3.35%) ASP.NET
14 37 (2.48%) jQuery
15 35 (2.35%) ASP.NET Web API
16 33 (2.21%) HTML5
17 32 (2.14%) OAuth
17 32 (2.14%) Redux
17 32 (2.14%) XML
18 31 (2.08%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 89 (5.97%) Fixed Income
2 82 (5.50%) Derivative
3 71 (4.76%) Analytical Skills
4 60 (4.02%) Embedded Systems
5 59 (3.95%) Greenfield Project
6 46 (3.08%) Algorithms
7 40 (2.68%) User Experience
8 33 (2.21%) Self-Motivation
9 22 (1.47%) Device Driver
9 22 (1.47%) Pricing Data
10 21 (1.41%) Data Structures
10 21 (1.41%) Mobile App
11 20 (1.34%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 20 (1.34%) Linux Command Line
12 19 (1.27%) Public Cloud
13 18 (1.21%) Enterprise Software
14 17 (1.14%) Life Science
15 15 (1.01%) Cloud Native
15 15 (1.01%) Hedge funds
15 15 (1.01%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 369 (24.73%) Linux
2 109 (7.31%) Windows
3 77 (5.16%) Unix
4 57 (3.82%) Embedded Linux
5 45 (3.02%) Android
5 45 (3.02%) FreeRTOS
6 31 (2.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 31 (2.08%) ThreadX
7 18 (1.21%) Ubuntu
8 13 (0.87%) Apple iOS
9 12 (0.80%) CentOS
10 11 (0.74%) Debian
11 10 (0.67%) Windows Server
12 8 (0.54%) VxWorks
13 6 (0.40%) Windows 10
14 5 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
15 4 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
16 3 (0.20%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 3 (0.20%) Windows Embedded Compact
17 2 (0.13%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,453 (97.39%) Software Engineering
2 587 (39.34%) Agile Software Development
3 228 (15.28%) DevOps
4 193 (12.94%) Microservices
5 189 (12.67%) UML
6 185 (12.40%) OO
7 169 (11.33%) Continuous Integration
8 166 (11.13%) TDD
9 151 (10.12%) Test Automation
10 130 (8.71%) Scrum
11 121 (8.11%) Computer Science
12 120 (8.04%) Asset Management
13 116 (7.77%) Problem-Solving
14 95 (6.37%) SDLC
15 87 (5.83%) Configuration Management
16 86 (5.76%) OOD
17 82 (5.50%) Mentoring
18 79 (5.29%) Unit Testing
19 71 (4.76%) Multithreading
20 69 (4.62%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 657 (44.03%) C++
2 491 (32.91%) Java
3 414 (27.75%) C
4 413 (27.68%) Python
5 391 (26.21%) C#
6 315 (21.11%) JavaScript
7 165 (11.06%) SQL
8 160 (10.72%) Embedded C
9 111 (7.44%) Embedded C++
10 53 (3.55%) TypeScript
11 47 (3.15%) Go
12 43 (2.88%) R
13 41 (2.75%) Ruby
14 36 (2.41%) Bash Shell
14 36 (2.41%) Java 8
15 32 (2.14%) PHP
15 32 (2.14%) Shell Script
16 31 (2.08%) PowerShell
17 27 (1.81%) MATLAB
18 26 (1.74%) Scala
Qualifications
1 259 (17.36%) Security Cleared
2 187 (12.53%) SC Cleared
3 120 (8.04%) Degree
4 72 (4.83%) DV Cleared
5 40 (2.68%) Computer Science Degree
6 11 (0.74%) BPSS Clearance
7 10 (0.67%) Master's Degree
8 8 (0.54%) Numerate Degree
9 7 (0.47%) PhD
10 2 (0.13%) AWS Certification
10 2 (0.13%) CCNA
10 2 (0.13%) CCNP
10 2 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.13%) ISTQB
10 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.067%) BC Cleared
11 1 (0.067%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (3.08%) QA
2 35 (2.35%) MISRA
3 14 (0.94%) MISRA C
4 13 (0.87%) DO-178B
5 6 (0.40%) IEC 61508
5 6 (0.40%) ISO 26262
6 5 (0.34%) IEC 62304
7 3 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.13%) PSD2
9 1 (0.067%) Dublin Core
9 1 (0.067%) GDPR
9 1 (0.067%) IEC 61131
9 1 (0.067%) ISO 9000
9 1 (0.067%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.067%) TickIT
System Software
1 185 (12.40%) Docker
2 25 (1.68%) Firmware
3 18 (1.21%) Active Directory
4 6 (0.40%) LXC
5 5 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 5 (0.34%) HDFS
6 4 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
7 2 (0.13%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.13%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.067%) BusyBox
8 1 (0.067%) DFS Replication
8 1 (0.067%) Microsoft App-V
8 1 (0.067%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.067%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.067%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 99 (6.64%) Kubernetes
2 57 (3.82%) Ansible
3 41 (2.75%) Terraform
4 17 (1.14%) Puppet
5 12 (0.80%) Grafana
6 7 (0.47%) WMI
7 5 (0.34%) Opscode Chef
8 4 (0.27%) Graphite
8 4 (0.27%) Single Sign-On
9 3 (0.20%) HAProxy
9 3 (0.20%) Oozie
9 3 (0.20%) Prometheus
9 3 (0.20%) Rancher
10 2 (0.13%) Docker Swarm
10 2 (0.13%) Forefront Identity Manager
10 2 (0.13%) PingFederate
10 2 (0.13%) SCCM
10 2 (0.13%) SCOM
10 2 (0.13%) SCOrch
10 2 (0.13%) SELinux
Vendors
1 91 (6.10%) Oracle
2 85 (5.70%) Microsoft
3 67 (4.49%) Bloomberg
4 62 (4.16%) Google
5 49 (3.28%) Reuters
6 25 (1.68%) Sybase
7 19 (1.27%) Apple
8 17 (1.14%) Atlassian
9 15 (1.01%) Red Hat
10 12 (0.80%) Cypress Semiconductor
10 12 (0.80%) SAP
10 12 (0.80%) Sparx
11 10 (0.67%) Facebook
11 10 (0.67%) IBM
12 9 (0.60%) MuleSoft
12 9 (0.60%) Serena
12 9 (0.60%) Splunk
12 9 (0.60%) Twitter
13 8 (0.54%) Adobe
14 7 (0.47%) Tableau