Period
to 7 December 2021

The median contractor rate for a Software Developer was £487 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 7 December 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Developer
UK > England
6 months to
7 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 341 318 285
Rank change year-on-year -23 -33 +14
Contract jobs requiring a Software Developer 528 227 685
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.74% 0.72% 0.94%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.79% 0.78% 1.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 369 153 458
10th Percentile £350 £325 £319
25th Percentile £413 £363 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £487 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +8.22% - -
75th Percentile £600 £563 £538
90th Percentile £650 £613 £581
UK median daily rate £475 £465 £450
% change year-on-year +2.15% +3.33% +2.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 5 19
10th Percentile £34.56 £30.40 £36.10
25th Percentile £40.24 £40.00 £41.38
Median hourly rate £49.75 £55.00 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year -9.55% +29.41% -4.49%
75th Percentile £53.75 £60.00 £46.00
90th Percentile £60.15 £60.75 £49.50
UK median hourly rate £49.75 £50.00 £42.25
% change year-on-year -0.50% +18.34% -5.06%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 66,886 29,191 68,838
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.62% 92.59% 93.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 47,399 20,148 46,617
10th Percentile £300 £256 £250
25th Percentile £413 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £515 £475 £463
Median % change year-on-year +8.42% +2.70% +1.82%
75th Percentile £625 £575 £575
90th Percentile £700 £663 £650
UK median daily rate £506 £473 £451
% change year-on-year +6.98% +4.83% +0.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,982 1,063 2,408
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £14.00 £14.25 £13.75
Median hourly rate £20.00 £23.00 £18.33
Median % change year-on-year -13.04% +25.51% +4.71%
75th Percentile £45.23 £45.00 £42.50
90th Percentile £62.25 £55.00 £51.90
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £23.00 £18.70
% change year-on-year -13.04% +22.99% +6.86%

Software Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Software Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Developer in England

Software Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Developer in England.

Daily rate trend for Software Developer in England

Software Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Developer in England over the 6 months to 7 December 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Developer in England

Software Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Developer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Software Developer in England

Software Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Developer in England over the 6 months to 7 December 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Developer in England

Software Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 7 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -98 216 £575 +15.00% 212
South West +5 77 £493 -4.32% 77
North of England -39 59 £400 -5.88% 163
South East -54 57 £400 -5.88% 118
Midlands -37 50 £438 +19.86% 109
West Midlands -37 37 £456 +23.31% 65
North West -41 35 £400 -1.54% 75
East of England -33 30 £488 +25.00% 66
Yorkshire -25 23 £475 +5.56% 57
East Midlands -29 12 £456 +30.36% 43
North East -8 1 £365 -30.48% 31
Software Developer
UK

Software Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 7 December 2021, Software Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Software Developer in the job title.

1 283 (53.60%) Agile Software Development
2 217 (41.10%) C#
3 170 (32.20%) Java
4 164 (31.06%) .NET
5 162 (30.68%) Software Engineering
6 155 (29.36%) JavaScript
7 133 (25.19%) Azure
8 129 (24.43%) Test Automation
9 124 (23.48%) SQL
10 119 (22.54%) TDD
11 111 (21.02%) DevOps
12 109 (20.64%) Python
13 99 (18.75%) Security Cleared
14 95 (17.99%) React
15 94 (17.80%) Software Testing
16 93 (17.61%) AWS
17 90 (17.05%) Scrum
18 86 (16.29%) Git (software)
18 86 (16.29%) SC Cleared
19 84 (15.91%) SQL Server
20 81 (15.34%) Full Stack Development
21 78 (14.77%) CSS
21 78 (14.77%) SDET
22 76 (14.39%) Jenkins
23 74 (14.02%) HTML
24 73 (13.83%) Node.js
25 72 (13.64%) Microservices
26 69 (13.07%) Social Skills
26 69 (13.07%) C++
27 65 (12.31%) Unit Testing

Software Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (6.44%) Confluence
2 8 (1.52%) Umbraco
3 7 (1.33%) CMS
3 7 (1.33%) SharePoint
3 7 (1.33%) Tomcat
4 6 (1.14%) Apache
4 6 (1.14%) Drupal
4 6 (1.14%) WebLogic
5 5 (0.95%) Apache Solr
5 5 (0.95%) SAS
6 4 (0.76%) Elasticsearch
7 3 (0.57%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 3 (0.57%) Apache Spark
7 3 (0.57%) IIS
8 2 (0.38%) Cloud Foundry
9 1 (0.19%) Blackboard Learn
9 1 (0.19%) Ethereum
9 1 (0.19%) Headless CMS
9 1 (0.19%) Moodle
9 1 (0.19%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 6 (1.14%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.38%) Simulink
3 1 (0.19%) Adobe XD
3 1 (0.19%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.19%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 3 (0.57%) Temenos T24
2 2 (0.38%) Exchequer
2 2 (0.38%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.19%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.19%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 133 (25.19%) Azure
2 93 (17.61%) AWS
3 34 (6.44%) GCP
3 34 (6.44%) GitHub
4 27 (5.11%) Serverless
5 16 (3.03%) AWS Lambda
6 15 (2.84%) Amazon S3
7 14 (2.65%) OpenShift
8 11 (2.08%) SaaS
9 10 (1.89%) Amazon SQS
9 10 (1.89%) AWS CloudFormation
9 10 (1.89%) Dynamics 365
9 10 (1.89%) NuGet
10 9 (1.70%) IBM Cloud
11 5 (0.95%) Amazon EC2
11 5 (0.95%) BrowserStack
11 5 (0.95%) Sauce Labs
12 4 (0.76%) Amazon EKS
12 4 (0.76%) AWS Fargate
12 4 (0.76%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 8 (1.52%) HTTP
2 5 (0.95%) MQTT
3 3 (0.57%) DNS
4 2 (0.38%) DSL
4 2 (0.38%) Internet
4 2 (0.38%) Radio Access Network
4 2 (0.38%) RTP
4 2 (0.38%) VSAN
5 1 (0.19%) ATM
5 1 (0.19%) Bluetooth
5 1 (0.19%) Broadband
5 1 (0.19%) PBX
5 1 (0.19%) Unified Communications
5 1 (0.19%) Wi-Fi
5 1 (0.19%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 84 (15.91%) SQL Server
2 21 (3.98%) PostgreSQL
3 17 (3.22%) MongoDB
3 17 (3.22%) MySQL
4 14 (2.65%) NoSQL
5 10 (1.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 9 (1.70%) Hadoop
7 8 (1.52%) Relational Database
8 7 (1.33%) Big Data
8 7 (1.33%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 6 (1.14%) Amazon Athena
9 6 (1.14%) Apache Cassandra
9 6 (1.14%) BusinessObjects
9 6 (1.14%) GIS
9 6 (1.14%) SQL Server 2008
9 6 (1.14%) SQL Server 2019
9 6 (1.14%) Tableau
10 5 (0.95%) Apache Hive
10 5 (0.95%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 4 (0.76%) HBase
Development Applications
1 86 (16.29%) Git (software)
2 76 (14.39%) Jenkins
3 49 (9.28%) JIRA
4 45 (8.52%) Selenium
5 42 (7.95%) Cucumber
6 38 (7.20%) Maven
7 32 (6.06%) JMeter
8 30 (5.68%) SpecFlow
9 26 (4.92%) Travis CI
10 24 (4.55%) GitLab
11 22 (4.17%) WebDriver
12 19 (3.60%) JUnit
13 17 (3.22%) Postman
14 13 (2.46%) REST Assured
14 13 (2.46%) Visual Studio
15 11 (2.08%) Bitbucket
16 9 (1.70%) Gradle
16 9 (1.70%) Jasmine
16 9 (1.70%) TeamCity
16 9 (1.70%) webpack
General
1 69 (13.07%) Social Skills
2 51 (9.66%) Finance
3 29 (5.49%) Analytical Skills
4 28 (5.30%) Public Sector
5 20 (3.79%) Banking
6 15 (2.84%) Retail
7 10 (1.89%) Investment Banking
8 9 (1.70%) Games
9 8 (1.52%) Law
9 8 (1.52%) Telecoms
10 7 (1.33%) Front Office
11 6 (1.14%) Manufacturing
12 5 (0.95%) Corporate Banking
12 5 (0.95%) Legal
12 5 (0.95%) Retail Banking
13 3 (0.57%) Aerospace
13 3 (0.57%) Marketing
13 3 (0.57%) Organisational Skills
13 3 (0.57%) Presentation Skills
14 2 (0.38%) Avionics
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 164 (31.06%) .NET
2 95 (17.99%) React
3 78 (14.77%) CSS
4 74 (14.02%) HTML
5 73 (13.83%) Node.js
6 60 (11.36%) .NET Framework
7 52 (9.85%) AngularJS
8 47 (8.90%) REST
9 46 (8.71%) RESTful
10 44 (8.33%) ASP.NET
11 40 (7.58%) .NET Core
12 38 (7.20%) Spring
13 34 (6.44%) ASP.NET Web API
14 33 (6.25%) Web Services
15 32 (6.06%) HTML5
16 23 (4.36%) JSON
16 23 (4.36%) Spring Boot
17 21 (3.98%) Entity Framework
17 21 (3.98%) Redux
18 20 (3.79%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 19 (3.60%) Derivative
2 14 (2.65%) User Experience
3 13 (2.46%) Self-Motivation
4 11 (2.08%) Greenfield Project
5 9 (1.70%) Algorithms
6 8 (1.52%) Data Structures
6 8 (1.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 7 (1.33%) Legacy Code
7 7 (1.33%) Linux Command Line
8 6 (1.14%) Legacy Systems
9 5 (0.95%) NHS
10 4 (0.76%) Embedded Systems
10 4 (0.76%) N-Tier
11 3 (0.57%) Analytical Mindset
11 3 (0.57%) Cloud Native
11 3 (0.57%) Enterprise Software
11 3 (0.57%) Hedge funds
11 3 (0.57%) Mobile App
11 3 (0.57%) Video\Live Streaming
12 2 (0.38%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 57 (10.80%) Linux
2 28 (5.30%) Windows
3 20 (3.79%) Unix
4 8 (1.52%) Apple iOS
5 7 (1.33%) Android
6 3 (0.57%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.38%) Debian
7 2 (0.38%) Embedded Linux
8 1 (0.19%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.19%) Solaris
8 1 (0.19%) VME
8 1 (0.19%) VMS
8 1 (0.19%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 283 (53.60%) Agile Software Development
2 162 (30.68%) Software Engineering
3 129 (24.43%) Test Automation
4 119 (22.54%) TDD
5 111 (21.02%) DevOps
6 94 (17.80%) Software Testing
7 90 (17.05%) Scrum
8 81 (15.34%) Full Stack Development
9 78 (14.77%) SDET
10 72 (13.64%) Microservices
11 65 (12.31%) Unit Testing
12 62 (11.74%) Continuous Integration
13 48 (9.09%) MVC
14 47 (8.90%) Analytics
14 47 (8.90%) BDD
15 45 (8.52%) Continuous Delivery
16 43 (8.14%) Visualisation
17 39 (7.39%) Problem-Solving
18 32 (6.06%) OO
18 32 (6.06%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 217 (41.10%) C#
2 170 (32.20%) Java
3 155 (29.36%) JavaScript
4 124 (23.48%) SQL
5 109 (20.64%) Python
6 69 (13.07%) C++
7 54 (10.23%) TypeScript
8 20 (3.79%) Go
8 20 (3.79%) Java 8
9 18 (3.41%) Scala
10 17 (3.22%) PHP
11 16 (3.03%) C
11 16 (3.03%) PL/SQL
12 15 (2.84%) T-SQL
13 13 (2.46%) Shell Script
14 12 (2.27%) Kotlin
15 11 (2.08%) Rust
16 10 (1.89%) ES6
16 10 (1.89%) PowerShell
17 8 (1.52%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 99 (18.75%) Security Cleared
2 86 (16.29%) SC Cleared
3 25 (4.73%) Degree
4 16 (3.03%) ISTQB
5 15 (2.84%) BPSS Clearance
6 13 (2.46%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 12 (2.27%) Computer Science Degree
7 12 (2.27%) DV Cleared
8 3 (0.57%) Numerate Degree
8 3 (0.57%) PhD
9 1 (0.19%) BC Cleared
9 1 (0.19%) CEH
9 1 (0.19%) CISSP
9 1 (0.19%) CTC Cleared
9 1 (0.19%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (3.41%) Accessibility
1 18 (3.41%) QA
2 3 (0.57%) SLA
3 2 (0.38%) MISRA
3 2 (0.38%) MISRA C
4 1 (0.19%) DICOM
4 1 (0.19%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 63 (11.93%) Docker
2 5 (0.95%) HDFS
2 5 (0.95%) Virtual Machines
3 4 (0.76%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.76%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.38%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 46 (8.71%) Kubernetes
2 17 (3.22%) Ansible
3 13 (2.46%) Terraform
4 4 (0.76%) Prometheus
5 3 (0.57%) Grafana
5 3 (0.57%) Kibana
5 3 (0.57%) Puppet
6 2 (0.38%) Oozie
6 2 (0.38%) Opscode Chef
6 2 (0.38%) vRealize
6 2 (0.38%) vRealize Orchestrator
7 1 (0.19%) Amdocs OSS
7 1 (0.19%) HP Quality Center
7 1 (0.19%) Packer
7 1 (0.19%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
Vendors
1 35 (6.63%) Microsoft
2 31 (5.87%) Oracle
3 11 (2.08%) IBM
4 10 (1.89%) Red Hat
5 8 (1.52%) Informatica
6 7 (1.33%) Google
6 7 (1.33%) webMethods
7 6 (1.14%) Xamarin
8 5 (0.95%) BEA
9 4 (0.76%) Adobe
9 4 (0.76%) Salesforce.com
9 4 (0.76%) VMware
9 4 (0.76%) WSO2
10 3 (0.57%) Alteryx
10 3 (0.57%) Cloudera
10 3 (0.57%) Cvent
10 3 (0.57%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
10 3 (0.57%) Splunk
10 3 (0.57%) Talend
10 3 (0.57%) Temenos