Period
to

The median contractor rate for a Software Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 25 May 2022.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Developer
UK > England
6 months to
25 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 320 325 280
Rank change year-on-year +5 -45 +10
Contract jobs requiring a Software Developer 559 324 386
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.79% 0.70% 0.90%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.85% 0.75% 0.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 366 234 255
10th Percentile £363 £323 £321
25th Percentile £425 £377 £369
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £470 £450
Median % change year-on-year +11.70% +4.44% +2.27%
75th Percentile £624 £551 £550
90th Percentile £688 £644 £645
UK median daily rate £503 £456 £450
% change year-on-year +10.30% +1.39% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 9 9
10th Percentile - £21.63 £40.25
25th Percentile £35.00 £31.75 £41.25
Median hourly rate £47.50 £38.38 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +23.76% -14.71% +1.69%
75th Percentile £55.00 £41.75 £46.00
90th Percentile £58.72 £54.27 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £48.12 £33.75 £44.75
% change year-on-year +42.58% -24.58% +1.13%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 65,663 43,224 40,151
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.24% 92.80% 93.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 46,896 29,859 27,064
10th Percentile £313 £288 £250
25th Percentile £425 £388 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £490 £475
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% +3.16% -
75th Percentile £644 £588 £575
90th Percentile £744 £675 £663
UK median daily rate £525 £480 £470
% change year-on-year +9.38% +2.13% -0.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,774 1,439 1,402
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.40 £11.63
25th Percentile £15.50 £14.25 £14.00
Median hourly rate £22.50 £21.05 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year +6.89% +10.79% +2.70%
75th Percentile £49.25 £43.75 £37.50
90th Percentile £64.45 £56.50 £51.75
UK median hourly rate £23.91 £21.78 £19.00
% change year-on-year +9.78% +14.63% +5.56%

Software Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Software Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Developer in England

Software Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Developer in England.

Daily rate trend for Software Developer in England

Software Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Developer in England over the 6 months to 25 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Software Developer in England

Software Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Developer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Software Developer in England

Software Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Developer in England over the 6 months to 25 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Developer in England

Software Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 25 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -32 232 £535 -0.70% 239
North of England -24 77 £425 +5.59% 120
South East -21 64 £485 +10.86% 107
Midlands -2 59 £475 +30.14% 92
North West -26 55 £425 +13.33% 55
West Midlands -16 41 £485 +32.88% 49
South West -22 35 £525 +5.00% 56
East of England -15 25 £525 +10.53% 47
East Midlands -6 18 £475 +31.03% 43
Yorkshire -31 17 £425 - 48
North East -5 5 £425 -10.53% 18
Software Developer
UK

Software Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 25 May 2022, Software Developer contract jobs required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Software Developer in the job title.

1 283 (50.63%) Agile
2 237 (42.40%) C#
3 209 (37.39%) JavaScript
4 201 (35.96%) .NET
5 185 (33.09%) Azure
6 174 (31.13%) Java
7 168 (30.05%) SQL
8 165 (29.52%) DevOps
9 154 (27.55%) Git (software)
10 135 (24.15%) HTML
11 132 (23.61%) Software Engineering
12 128 (22.90%) SQL Server
13 127 (22.72%) CI/CD
14 119 (21.29%) CSS
15 117 (20.93%) AWS
16 115 (20.57%) Test Automation
17 106 (18.96%) Security Cleared
18 104 (18.60%) Full Stack Development
18 104 (18.60%) Microservices
19 99 (17.71%) TDD
20 97 (17.35%) Scrum
21 96 (17.17%) SC Cleared
22 95 (16.99%) Python
23 87 (15.56%) Social Skills
24 80 (14.31%) AngularJS
25 78 (13.95%) React
26 77 (13.77%) Jenkins
27 75 (13.42%) RESTful
27 75 (13.42%) JIRA
28 69 (12.34%) MVC

Software Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (9.30%) Confluence
2 6 (1.07%) SAS
3 5 (0.89%) Elasticsearch
3 5 (0.89%) SharePoint
4 4 (0.72%) CMS
4 4 (0.72%) WebLogic
5 3 (0.54%) Apache
5 3 (0.54%) Cloud Foundry
5 3 (0.54%) JBoss
5 3 (0.54%) ThingWorx
6 2 (0.36%) Apache Solr
6 2 (0.36%) GlassFish
6 2 (0.36%) IIS
6 2 (0.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 2 (0.36%) Red Hat Fuse
6 2 (0.36%) Sitecore CMS
6 2 (0.36%) Tomcat
6 2 (0.36%) Umbraco
6 2 (0.36%) WebSphere
6 2 (0.36%) WordPress
Applications
1 7 (1.25%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.89%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.36%) Simulink
4 1 (0.18%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 3 (0.54%) Endur
2 1 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.18%) Eikon
2 1 (0.18%) Magento
2 1 (0.18%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 185 (33.09%) Azure
2 117 (20.93%) AWS
3 32 (5.72%) Serverless
4 28 (5.01%) GCP
5 22 (3.94%) Amazon S3
6 17 (3.04%) Azure Service Bus
6 17 (3.04%) Pulumi
7 16 (2.86%) GitHub
8 14 (2.50%) Azure Functions
9 13 (2.33%) Amazon EC2
9 13 (2.33%) AWS Lambda
10 12 (2.15%) Amazon EKS
11 10 (1.79%) Cloud Computing
11 10 (1.79%) SaaS
12 8 (1.43%) Amazon Cognito
13 7 (1.25%) OpenShift
13 7 (1.25%) PaaS
14 6 (1.07%) Amazon SQS
14 6 (1.07%) npm
14 6 (1.07%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 17 (3.04%) Network Security
2 11 (1.97%) HTTP
3 6 (1.07%) DNS
3 6 (1.07%) Internet
4 3 (0.54%) ATM
5 2 (0.36%) SSH
6 1 (0.18%) AMQP
6 1 (0.18%) Ethernet
6 1 (0.18%) Modbus
6 1 (0.18%) MQTT
6 1 (0.18%) RS-232
6 1 (0.18%) RS-422
6 1 (0.18%) RS-485
6 1 (0.18%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 128 (22.90%) SQL Server
2 30 (5.37%) PostgreSQL
3 27 (4.83%) MySQL
4 26 (4.65%) NoSQL
5 24 (4.29%) MongoDB
6 15 (2.68%) Data Warehouse
7 12 (2.15%) Hadoop
8 11 (1.97%) Relational Database
9 10 (1.79%) Amazon RDS
10 9 (1.61%) Amazon Redshift
10 9 (1.61%) Apache Hive
10 9 (1.61%) Firebird
11 8 (1.43%) Apache Cassandra
11 8 (1.43%) Pentaho
12 7 (1.25%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 7 (1.25%) Oracle Database
13 5 (0.89%) Impala
13 5 (0.89%) Redis
14 4 (0.72%) HBase
14 4 (0.72%) SAS Data Integration Studio
Development Applications
1 154 (27.55%) Git (software)
2 77 (13.77%) Jenkins
3 75 (13.42%) JIRA
4 46 (8.23%) GitLab
5 45 (8.05%) Selenium
6 43 (7.69%) NUnit
7 40 (7.16%) Cucumber
7 40 (7.16%) Jasmine
8 39 (6.98%) Maven
9 35 (6.26%) Visual Studio
10 29 (5.19%) REST Assured
11 27 (4.83%) Team Foundation Server
12 24 (4.29%) Postman
12 24 (4.29%) WebDriver
13 21 (3.76%) JUnit
13 21 (3.76%) TeamCity
14 17 (3.04%) JMeter
15 14 (2.50%) Bitbucket
16 12 (2.15%) Moq
17 9 (1.61%) webpack
General
1 87 (15.56%) Social Skills
2 58 (10.38%) Finance
3 32 (5.72%) Public Sector
4 21 (3.76%) Analytical Skills
4 21 (3.76%) Banking
5 16 (2.86%) Retail
6 11 (1.97%) Legal
7 9 (1.61%) Manufacturing
8 7 (1.25%) Front Office
8 7 (1.25%) Pharmaceutical
8 7 (1.25%) Presentation Skills
9 6 (1.07%) Games
9 6 (1.07%) Investment Banking
10 5 (0.89%) Back Office
11 4 (0.72%) Law
11 4 (0.72%) Police
11 4 (0.72%) Publishing
11 4 (0.72%) Telecoms
12 3 (0.54%) Corporate Banking
12 3 (0.54%) Retail Banking
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 201 (35.96%) .NET
2 135 (24.15%) HTML
3 119 (21.29%) CSS
4 80 (14.31%) AngularJS
5 78 (13.95%) React
6 75 (13.42%) RESTful
7 67 (11.99%) Spring
8 65 (11.63%) HTML5
8 65 (11.63%) Node.js
9 60 (10.73%) .NET Framework
10 57 (10.20%) ASP.NET
11 53 (9.48%) Entity Framework
12 47 (8.41%) REST
13 43 (7.69%) ASP.NET Web API
14 40 (7.16%) .NET Core
15 35 (6.26%) Spring Boot
16 33 (5.90%) Hibernate
16 33 (5.90%) JPA
17 27 (4.83%) jQuery
17 27 (4.83%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 19 (3.40%) User Experience
2 17 (3.04%) Video Conferencing
2 17 (3.04%) Virtual Team
3 16 (2.86%) NHS
4 12 (2.15%) Derivative
5 8 (1.43%) Algorithms
5 8 (1.43%) IoT
6 6 (1.07%) Management Information System
7 5 (0.89%) Cloud Native
7 5 (0.89%) Data Protection Act
7 5 (0.89%) Greenfield Project
7 5 (0.89%) Legacy Code
7 5 (0.89%) Legacy Systems
7 5 (0.89%) Mobile App
7 5 (0.89%) Robotics
8 4 (0.72%) Enterprise Software
8 4 (0.72%) N-Tier
8 4 (0.72%) Public Cloud
8 4 (0.72%) Self-Motivation
9 3 (0.54%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 45 (8.05%) Linux
2 29 (5.19%) Windows
3 17 (3.04%) Unix
4 8 (1.43%) Mac OS
5 6 (1.07%) Android
6 5 (0.89%) Windows 10
7 4 (0.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.18%) AIX
8 1 (0.18%) CentOS
8 1 (0.18%) Embedded Linux
8 1 (0.18%) OpenWrt
8 1 (0.18%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 283 (50.63%) Agile
2 165 (29.52%) DevOps
3 132 (23.61%) Software Engineering
4 127 (22.72%) CI/CD
5 115 (20.57%) Test Automation
6 104 (18.60%) Full Stack Development
6 104 (18.60%) Microservices
7 99 (17.71%) TDD
8 97 (17.35%) Scrum
9 69 (12.34%) MVC
9 69 (12.34%) Software Testing
10 67 (11.99%) Web Development
11 52 (9.30%) SDET
12 51 (9.12%) Problem-Solving
13 48 (8.59%) Unit Testing
14 38 (6.80%) BDD
14 38 (6.80%) OO
15 37 (6.62%) Integration Testing
16 36 (6.44%) Architectural Design
16 36 (6.44%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 237 (42.40%) C#
2 209 (37.39%) JavaScript
3 174 (31.13%) Java
4 168 (30.05%) SQL
5 95 (16.99%) Python
6 61 (10.91%) TypeScript
7 42 (7.51%) T-SQL
8 32 (5.72%) C
9 28 (5.01%) C++
10 21 (3.76%) PL/SQL
11 16 (2.86%) Go
11 16 (2.86%) Scala
12 15 (2.68%) PHP
13 14 (2.50%) PowerShell
14 10 (1.79%) Kotlin
14 10 (1.79%) R
15 9 (1.61%) Bash
15 9 (1.61%) Delphi
15 9 (1.61%) Ruby
15 9 (1.61%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 106 (18.96%) Security Cleared
2 96 (17.17%) SC Cleared
3 31 (5.55%) Degree
4 15 (2.68%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (1.43%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (0.89%) DV Cleared
7 3 (0.54%) ISTQB
8 2 (0.36%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.36%) Sun Certification
9 1 (0.18%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.18%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (5.90%) QA
2 16 (2.86%) Accessibility
3 3 (0.54%) Data Quality
3 3 (0.54%) GDPR
4 2 (0.36%) MiFID
System Software
1 68 (12.16%) Docker
2 6 (1.07%) HDFS
2 6 (1.07%) Slurm Workload Manager
3 5 (0.89%) Virtual Machines
4 3 (0.54%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.36%) OpenSSH
5 2 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.18%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.18%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 60 (10.73%) Kubernetes
2 51 (9.12%) Terraform
3 8 (1.43%) Ansible
4 5 (0.89%) Grafana
5 4 (0.72%) Istio
6 3 (0.54%) Opscode Chef
6 3 (0.54%) Prometheus
6 3 (0.54%) Puppet
7 2 (0.36%) Kibana
7 2 (0.36%) vCenter Server
8 1 (0.18%) MIIS
8 1 (0.18%) Plesk
8 1 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
8 1 (0.18%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 56 (10.02%) Microsoft
2 36 (6.44%) Oracle
3 14 (2.50%) Google
4 8 (1.43%) Red Hat
5 6 (1.07%) SAP
5 6 (1.07%) Talend
6 5 (0.89%) OpenLink
7 4 (0.72%) Atlassian
7 4 (0.72%) Databricks
7 4 (0.72%) Informatica
8 3 (0.54%) Cloudera
8 3 (0.54%) webMethods
9 2 (0.36%) Cadence
9 2 (0.36%) Murex
9 2 (0.36%) Pega
9 2 (0.36%) Salesforce.com
9 2 (0.36%) Sitecore
9 2 (0.36%) Telerik
9 2 (0.36%) Teradata
9 2 (0.36%) VMware