Period
to 25 January 2020

The median contractor rate for a Software Developer was £450 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 25 January 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Developer
UK > England
6 months to
25 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 266 280 318
Rank change year-on-year +14 +38 -11
Contract jobs requiring a Software Developer 635 880 725
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.98% 0.96% 0.78%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.04% 1.02% 0.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 422 568 492
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £319 £319
90th Percentile £600 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 40 33
England median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £41.15
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +9.36% -0.84%
10th Percentile £41.25 £37.34 £27.25
90th Percentile £51.20 £58.88 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £44.75 £45.00 £41.15
% change year-on-year -0.56% +9.36% -0.84%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 61,083 86,378 87,864
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.82% 94.68% 94.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 40,198 57,802 58,947
England median daily rate £463 £465 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.54% +3.33% +5.88%
10th Percentile £250 £275 £263
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,384 2,591 2,588
England median hourly rate £19.00 £18.70 £18.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.60% +1.08% -
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.00 £10.75
90th Percentile £51.71 £48.75 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £19.00 £18.70 £18.50
% change year-on-year +1.60% +1.08% +2.78%

Software Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Software Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Developer in England

Software Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Developer in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Developer in England

Software Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Developer in England over the 6 months to 25 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Developer in England

Software Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Developer in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Developer in England

Software Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Developer in England over the 6 months to 25 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Developer in England

Software Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 25 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +47 219 £500 - 203
South East +19 124 £450 - 214
South West +9 119 £450 - 91
North of England +9 98 £405 +8.00% 236
North West +14 53 £388 +6.90% 140
East of England +36 38 £450 +12.50% 81
Midlands +10 38 £400 +6.53% 126
Yorkshire +23 35 £438 +16.67% 79
West Midlands +15 23 £400 +11.11% 74
East Midlands +10 15 £375 -16.67% 52
North East +13 10 £400 -3.61% 18
Software Developer
UK

Software Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 25 January 2020, Software Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Software Developer in the job title.

1 305 (48.03%) Agile Software Development
2 273 (42.99%) C#
3 266 (41.89%) .NET
4 243 (38.27%) JavaScript
5 196 (30.87%) Java
6 147 (23.15%) SQL
7 138 (21.73%) CSS
7 138 (21.73%) Software Engineering
8 135 (21.26%) Test Automation
9 134 (21.10%) HTML
10 128 (20.16%) SQL Server
10 128 (20.16%) Python
11 120 (18.90%) Azure
11 120 (18.90%) Security Cleared
12 114 (17.95%) AngularJS
13 110 (17.32%) TDD
14 109 (17.17%) React
15 102 (16.06%) DevOps
15 102 (16.06%) Git (software)
16 101 (15.91%) Scrum
17 98 (15.43%) AWS
18 91 (14.33%) Microsoft
18 91 (14.33%) Node.js
19 90 (14.17%) SC Cleared
20 86 (13.54%) C++
21 84 (13.23%) Finance
22 83 (13.07%) MVC
23 81 (12.76%) Linux
24 79 (12.44%) Web Services
25 77 (12.13%) BDD

Software Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (2.83%) Confluence
2 10 (1.57%) Elasticsearch
2 10 (1.57%) Tomcat
3 9 (1.42%) WebLogic
4 8 (1.26%) CMS
5 6 (0.94%) IIS
6 5 (0.79%) Apache
6 5 (0.79%) nginx
7 4 (0.63%) SharePoint
8 3 (0.47%) JBoss
9 2 (0.31%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 2 (0.31%) Cloud Foundry
9 2 (0.31%) Headless CMS
9 2 (0.31%) WordPress
10 1 (0.16%) Apache Spark
10 1 (0.16%) ArcGIS
10 1 (0.16%) GemFire
10 1 (0.16%) IBM Transformation Extender
10 1 (0.16%) Oracle Workflow
10 1 (0.16%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 4 (0.63%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.31%) Photoshop
2 2 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 8 (1.26%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (1.10%) BusinessWorks
3 2 (0.31%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.16%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.16%) Oracle AML
4 1 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 1 (0.16%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 120 (18.90%) Azure
2 98 (15.43%) AWS
3 35 (5.51%) Serverless
4 29 (4.57%) AWS Lambda
5 23 (3.62%) Amazon S3
6 18 (2.83%) GCP
7 15 (2.36%) GitHub
8 11 (1.73%) Amazon EC2
8 11 (1.73%) SaaS
9 10 (1.57%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 8 (1.26%) Trello
11 7 (1.10%) Amazon SQS
11 7 (1.10%) Cloud Computing
12 5 (0.79%) AWS CloudFormation
12 5 (0.79%) npm
13 4 (0.63%) Azure Functions
13 4 (0.63%) OpenShift
13 4 (0.63%) PaaS
14 3 (0.47%) CloudFront
14 3 (0.47%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 14 (2.20%) Internet
2 12 (1.89%) HTTP
3 8 (1.26%) TCP/IP
4 7 (1.10%) Ethernet
5 4 (0.63%) SNMP
5 4 (0.63%) VoIP
5 4 (0.63%) Wi-Fi
6 3 (0.47%) SSL
7 2 (0.31%) Broadband
7 2 (0.31%) DHCP
7 2 (0.31%) IPv4
7 2 (0.31%) IPv6
7 2 (0.31%) LAN
7 2 (0.31%) Multicast
7 2 (0.31%) PPP
7 2 (0.31%) UPnP
7 2 (0.31%) Wireless
7 2 (0.31%) WLAN
7 2 (0.31%) xDSL
8 1 (0.16%) PBX
Database & Business Intelligence
1 128 (20.16%) SQL Server
2 27 (4.25%) MongoDB
3 26 (4.09%) NoSQL
4 24 (3.78%) MySQL
5 21 (3.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 19 (2.99%) Relational Database
7 15 (2.36%) Big Data
8 13 (2.05%) Amazon RDS
9 11 (1.73%) PostgreSQL
9 11 (1.73%) Redis
10 10 (1.57%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 9 (1.42%) Amazon Athena
12 7 (1.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 6 (0.94%) DB2
14 5 (0.79%) Azure SQL Database
14 5 (0.79%) Cosmos DB
14 5 (0.79%) Neo4j
14 5 (0.79%) Oracle Database
15 4 (0.63%) SQL Server 2000
16 3 (0.47%) Crystal Reports
Development Applications
1 102 (16.06%) Git (software)
2 70 (11.02%) Jenkins
3 45 (7.09%) Visual Studio
4 42 (6.61%) Selenium
5 39 (6.14%) JIRA
5 39 (6.14%) Team Foundation Server
6 30 (4.72%) Moq
7 24 (3.78%) Cucumber
8 23 (3.62%) JUnit
9 21 (3.31%) Subversion
10 20 (3.15%) NUnit
11 19 (2.99%) Maven
11 19 (2.99%) MSTest
12 15 (2.36%) Bitbucket
12 15 (2.36%) TeamCity
13 13 (2.05%) Jasmine
14 12 (1.89%) SonarQube
15 11 (1.73%) ClearCase
15 11 (1.73%) GitLab
16 10 (1.57%) Eclipse
General
1 84 (13.23%) Finance
2 56 (8.82%) Public Sector
3 36 (5.67%) Banking
4 24 (3.78%) Law
5 17 (2.68%) Retail
6 16 (2.52%) Front Office
7 11 (1.73%) Manufacturing
7 11 (1.73%) Marketing
7 11 (1.73%) Telecoms
8 10 (1.57%) Police
9 9 (1.42%) Military
10 8 (1.26%) Electronics
11 7 (1.10%) Financial Institution
12 5 (0.79%) Legal
13 3 (0.47%) Aerospace
13 3 (0.47%) Investment Banking
14 2 (0.31%) International Banking
14 2 (0.31%) Publishing
15 1 (0.16%) Games
15 1 (0.16%) Local Government
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 266 (41.89%) .NET
2 138 (21.73%) CSS
3 134 (21.10%) HTML
4 114 (17.95%) AngularJS
5 109 (17.17%) React
6 91 (14.33%) Node.js
7 79 (12.44%) Web Services
8 67 (10.55%) ASP.NET
9 65 (10.24%) .NET Framework
10 61 (9.61%) RESTful
11 48 (7.56%) JSON
12 47 (7.40%) .NET Core
13 42 (6.61%) HTML5
14 40 (6.30%) jQuery
14 40 (6.30%) Vue.js
15 39 (6.14%) XML
16 38 (5.98%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 37 (5.83%) Spring
18 36 (5.67%) ASP.NET MVC
19 32 (5.04%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 53 (8.35%) Analytical Skills
2 28 (4.41%) Greenfield Project
3 15 (2.36%) Fixed Income
4 13 (2.05%) Derivative
4 13 (2.05%) User Experience
5 11 (1.73%) Data Structures
6 10 (1.57%) EPoS
7 9 (1.42%) Enterprise Software
8 8 (1.26%) Mobile App
8 8 (1.26%) Reference Data
8 8 (1.26%) W3C
9 7 (1.10%) Algorithms
9 7 (1.10%) Analytical Mindset
9 7 (1.10%) Virtual Team
10 6 (0.94%) Embedded Systems
10 6 (0.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 5 (0.79%) Blog
11 5 (0.79%) Mainframe
12 4 (0.63%) Equities
12 4 (0.63%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 81 (12.76%) Linux
2 37 (5.83%) Windows
3 34 (5.35%) Unix
4 12 (1.89%) Ubuntu
5 8 (1.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 7 (1.10%) CentOS
6 7 (1.10%) Debian
7 6 (0.94%) Android
8 5 (0.79%) Apple iOS
9 3 (0.47%) Embedded Linux
9 3 (0.47%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.31%) FreeRTOS
10 2 (0.31%) Mac OS X
11 1 (0.16%) VMS
11 1 (0.16%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.16%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 305 (48.03%) Agile Software Development
2 138 (21.73%) Software Engineering
3 135 (21.26%) Test Automation
4 110 (17.32%) TDD
5 102 (16.06%) DevOps
6 101 (15.91%) Scrum
7 83 (13.07%) MVC
8 77 (12.13%) BDD
9 70 (11.02%) Microservices
10 58 (9.13%) OO
11 53 (8.35%) SDLC
12 52 (8.19%) Web Development
13 50 (7.87%) Problem-Solving
14 49 (7.72%) Continuous Integration
15 45 (7.09%) SDET
16 37 (5.83%) Continuous Deployment
17 36 (5.67%) Front End Development
18 34 (5.35%) Kanban
19 33 (5.20%) Computer Science
19 33 (5.20%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 273 (42.99%) C#
2 243 (38.27%) JavaScript
3 196 (30.87%) Java
4 147 (23.15%) SQL
5 128 (20.16%) Python
6 86 (13.54%) C++
7 45 (7.09%) TypeScript
8 37 (5.83%) C
9 34 (5.35%) PHP
10 27 (4.25%) Ruby
11 26 (4.09%) VB.NET
12 23 (3.62%) PowerShell
13 22 (3.46%) ES6
14 21 (3.31%) PL/SQL
15 18 (2.83%) Java 8
15 18 (2.83%) T-SQL
16 16 (2.52%) R
16 16 (2.52%) Shell Script
17 13 (2.05%) Go
18 11 (1.73%) Scala
Qualifications
1 120 (18.90%) Security Cleared
2 90 (14.17%) SC Cleared
3 46 (7.24%) Degree
4 25 (3.94%) DV Cleared
5 12 (1.89%) BPSS Clearance
5 12 (1.89%) Computer Science Degree
6 7 (1.10%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.63%) AWS Certification
8 3 (0.47%) ISTQB
8 3 (0.47%) Numerate Degree
9 2 (0.31%) PhD
10 1 (0.16%) CCNA
10 1 (0.16%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.16%) CTC Cleared
10 1 (0.16%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.16%) ISEB
10 1 (0.16%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.16%) MCSA
10 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (3.62%) QA
2 16 (2.52%) WCAG
3 8 (1.26%) GDPR
4 6 (0.94%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.47%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.31%) ISO 9001
6 2 (0.31%) JTAG
System Software
1 70 (11.02%) Docker
2 4 (0.63%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 1 (0.16%) Firmware
3 1 (0.16%) HDFS
3 1 (0.16%) LXC
Systems Management
1 27 (4.25%) Kubernetes
2 13 (2.05%) Ansible
3 10 (1.57%) Terraform
4 7 (1.10%) Control-M
4 7 (1.10%) Kibana
5 4 (0.63%) logstash
6 3 (0.47%) Puppet
7 2 (0.31%) Grafana
7 2 (0.31%) WSUS
8 1 (0.16%) HAProxy
8 1 (0.16%) HP Quality Center
8 1 (0.16%) MIIS
8 1 (0.16%) Opscode Chef
8 1 (0.16%) Prometheus
8 1 (0.16%) SCCM
8 1 (0.16%) SCOM
Vendors
1 91 (14.33%) Microsoft
2 25 (3.94%) Google
3 24 (3.78%) Oracle
4 16 (2.52%) SAP
5 11 (1.73%) Atlassian
6 8 (1.26%) Databricks
7 7 (1.10%) BMC
7 7 (1.10%) Cadence
7 7 (1.10%) TIBCO
7 7 (1.10%) Xamarin
8 6 (0.94%) StreamSets
8 6 (0.94%) webMethods
9 5 (0.79%) Informatica
9 5 (0.79%) Pega
10 4 (0.63%) BEA
10 4 (0.63%) DevExpress
10 4 (0.63%) Sitecore
11 3 (0.47%) Adobe
11 3 (0.47%) BT
12 2 (0.31%) Red Hat