Period
to 20 September 2021

The median annual salary for a Software Engineer was £60,500 in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineer
UK > England
6 months to
20 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 41 49 63
Rank change year-on-year +8 +14 +20
Permanent jobs requiring a Software Engineer 7,101 2,340 5,666
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 6.66% 5.18% 4.34%
As % of the Job Titles category 7.29% 5.46% 4.53%
Number of salaries quoted 3,546 2,030 4,186
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £88,750 £80,000 £70,000
90th Percentile £118,750 £115,000 £88,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% +10.00% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
England
Permanent vacancies in England with a recognized job title 97,367 42,827 125,098
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 91.31% 94.73% 95.82%
Number of salaries quoted 68,677 35,786 101,635
10th Percentile £32,000 £32,500 £28,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,500 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £51,500
Median % change year-on-year - +6.80% +3.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer in England.

Salary trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineer in England over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the England region over the 6 months to 20 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +28 3,865 £85,000 +6.25% 409
South East -2 998 £55,000 +10.00% 200
North of England +2 973 £55,000 +10.00% 188
South West +7 572 £50,000 +5.26% 116
Yorkshire -3 505 £55,000 +4.76% 61
North West +11 399 £52,500 +5.00% 108
East of England +9 302 £48,750 -11.36% 143
Midlands -45 288 £50,000 +5.26% 122
West Midlands -24 192 £50,000 - 72
East Midlands -54 97 £55,000 +22.22% 49
North East -16 69 £50,000 +17.65% 19
Software Engineer
UK

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 20 September 2021, Software Engineer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 6,920 (97.45%) Software Engineering
2 3,588 (50.53%) Agile Software Development
3 2,926 (41.21%) AWS
4 2,860 (40.28%) Java
5 2,509 (35.33%) JavaScript
6 2,445 (34.43%) Python
7 2,317 (32.63%) React
8 1,936 (27.26%) Finance
9 1,825 (25.70%) Microservices
10 1,804 (25.40%) C#
11 1,740 (24.50%) Docker
12 1,624 (22.87%) SQL
13 1,617 (22.77%) DevOps
14 1,473 (20.74%) Kubernetes
15 1,413 (19.90%) Node.js
16 1,390 (19.57%) Full Stack Development
17 1,384 (19.49%) TDD
18 1,375 (19.36%) Azure
19 1,373 (19.34%) .NET
20 1,332 (18.76%) Degree
21 1,263 (17.79%) TypeScript
22 1,220 (17.18%) Social Skills
23 1,192 (16.79%) Computer Science
24 1,190 (16.76%) C++
25 1,179 (16.60%) Web Services
26 1,128 (15.89%) Serverless
27 1,068 (15.04%) PostgreSQL
28 1,043 (14.69%) Git (software)
29 1,037 (14.60%) AngularJS
30 1,020 (14.36%) Linux

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 371 (5.22%) Apache
2 364 (5.13%) Elasticsearch
3 336 (4.73%) Apache Spark
4 158 (2.23%) Confluence
5 147 (2.07%) GemFire
6 80 (1.13%) nginx
7 72 (1.01%) GeoServer
8 65 (0.92%) Cloud Foundry
9 54 (0.76%) CMS
10 50 (0.70%) Tomcat
11 46 (0.65%) Apache Airflow
12 31 (0.44%) WebLogic
13 29 (0.41%) Apache Pulsar
14 28 (0.39%) ArcGIS
15 22 (0.31%) Oracle Service Bus
16 18 (0.25%) IIS
17 15 (0.21%) OpenStack
17 15 (0.21%) WebSphere
18 14 (0.20%) Traefik
18 14 (0.20%) WordPress
Applications
1 20 (0.28%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (0.24%) Simulink
3 10 (0.14%) Chatbot
4 9 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
4 9 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
5 8 (0.11%) Figma
5 8 (0.11%) Sketch
6 7 (0.099%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 4 (0.056%) InVision
8 3 (0.042%) Maya
9 2 (0.028%) MS Visio
10 1 (0.014%) EngageOne
10 1 (0.014%) PrintSoft PReS
10 1 (0.014%) Quicktime
Business Applications
1 60 (0.84%) Distributed Ledger
2 56 (0.79%) R3 Corda
3 32 (0.45%) Shopify
4 22 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
5 20 (0.28%) Magento
6 10 (0.14%) Primavera
7 6 (0.084%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 5 (0.070%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
8 5 (0.070%) RMDS
9 3 (0.042%) Oracle EBS
9 3 (0.042%) Sentinel
9 3 (0.042%) Siebel CRM
10 1 (0.014%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
10 1 (0.014%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
10 1 (0.014%) Loan IQ
10 1 (0.014%) PlanetPress Connect
10 1 (0.014%) SDL Web 8
10 1 (0.014%) StreamServe
10 1 (0.014%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 2,926 (41.21%) AWS
2 1,375 (19.36%) Azure
3 1,128 (15.89%) Serverless
4 996 (14.03%) GCP
5 679 (9.56%) AWS Lambda
6 523 (7.37%) GitHub
7 382 (5.38%) Amazon S3
8 376 (5.30%) Amazon EC2
9 314 (4.42%) SaaS
10 265 (3.73%) Amazon SQS
11 258 (3.63%) Amazon ECS
12 219 (3.08%) Amazon Kinesis
13 200 (2.82%) AWS CloudFormation
14 169 (2.38%) AWS Step Functions
15 150 (2.11%) OpenShift
16 102 (1.44%) PaaS
17 100 (1.41%) Cloud Computing
18 94 (1.32%) Heroku
19 78 (1.10%) GitHub Actions
20 70 (0.99%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 301 (4.24%) HTTP
2 118 (1.66%) TCP/IP
3 108 (1.52%) Broadband
4 94 (1.32%) Internet
5 82 (1.15%) Ethernet
6 59 (0.83%) Modbus
7 54 (0.76%) RS-422
8 46 (0.65%) Wi-Fi
9 43 (0.61%) Wireless
10 39 (0.55%) MQTT
10 39 (0.55%) RS-485
11 38 (0.54%) Bluetooth
12 21 (0.30%) Kerberos
13 20 (0.28%) SMTP
14 19 (0.27%) DNS
15 15 (0.21%) HTTPS
15 15 (0.21%) VoIP
16 13 (0.18%) RS-232
16 13 (0.18%) SSL
17 12 (0.17%) Profibus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,068 (15.04%) PostgreSQL
2 744 (10.48%) NoSQL
3 592 (8.34%) Relational Database
4 574 (8.08%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 551 (7.76%) SQL Server
6 530 (7.46%) MySQL
7 450 (6.34%) Redis
8 420 (5.91%) Big Data
9 308 (4.34%) MongoDB
10 248 (3.49%) Amazon Aurora
11 221 (3.11%) Amazon RDS
12 191 (2.69%) MariaDB
13 183 (2.58%) HBase
14 154 (2.17%) Amazon Athena
15 146 (2.06%) Hadoop
16 109 (1.53%) RDBMS
17 104 (1.46%) Blockchain
18 98 (1.38%) Apache Ignite
19 80 (1.13%) GIS
20 71 (1.00%) QGIS
Development Applications
1 1,043 (14.69%) Git (software)
2 790 (11.13%) Jenkins
3 293 (4.13%) JUnit
4 279 (3.93%) Cypress.io
5 272 (3.83%) JIRA
6 227 (3.20%) Gradle
7 226 (3.18%) Cucumber
8 209 (2.94%) GitLab
9 190 (2.68%) Storybook
10 185 (2.61%) Subversion
11 176 (2.48%) Eclipse
11 176 (2.48%) Protractor
12 165 (2.32%) Mockito
13 160 (2.25%) IntelliJ
14 158 (2.23%) Artifactory
15 156 (2.20%) Sonatype Nexus
16 151 (2.13%) Selenium
17 131 (1.84%) TeamCity
18 127 (1.79%) Maven
19 119 (1.68%) webpack
General
1 1,936 (27.26%) Finance
2 1,220 (17.18%) Social Skills
3 726 (10.22%) Banking
4 402 (5.66%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 369 (5.20%) Front Office
6 346 (4.87%) Games
6 346 (4.87%) Retail
7 324 (4.56%) Law
8 273 (3.84%) Analytical Skills
9 219 (3.08%) Marketing
10 174 (2.45%) Electronics
11 144 (2.03%) Manufacturing
12 139 (1.96%) Legal
13 107 (1.51%) Telecoms
14 98 (1.38%) Public Sector
15 96 (1.35%) Presentation Skills
16 72 (1.01%) Pharmaceutical
16 72 (1.01%) Publishing
17 60 (0.84%) Financial Institution
17 60 (0.84%) Investment Banking
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,317 (32.63%) React
2 1,413 (19.90%) Node.js
3 1,373 (19.34%) .NET
4 1,179 (16.60%) Web Services
5 1,037 (14.60%) AngularJS
6 979 (13.79%) CSS
7 785 (11.05%) RESTful
8 780 (10.98%) Spring
9 768 (10.82%) Kafka
10 719 (10.13%) HTML
11 701 (9.87%) REST
12 590 (8.31%) .NET Core
13 554 (7.80%) GraphQL
14 476 (6.70%) Vue.js
15 448 (6.31%) Redux
16 439 (6.18%) .NET Framework
17 388 (5.46%) RabbitMQ
18 376 (5.30%) Spring Boot
19 371 (5.22%) JSON
20 291 (4.10%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 716 (10.08%) User Experience
2 425 (5.99%) Algorithms
3 355 (5.00%) Hedge funds
4 290 (4.08%) Greenfield Project
5 252 (3.55%) Derivative
6 223 (3.14%) Mobile App
7 216 (3.04%) Data Structures
8 207 (2.92%) Enterprise Software
8 207 (2.92%) Linux Command Line
9 197 (2.77%) Equities
10 196 (2.76%) Cloud Native
11 195 (2.75%) Self-Motivation
12 190 (2.68%) Fixed Income
13 189 (2.66%) Virtual Team
14 184 (2.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 144 (2.03%) Pricing Data
16 129 (1.82%) Blog
17 123 (1.73%) Legacy Systems
18 121 (1.70%) Embedded Systems
19 91 (1.28%) Legacy Code
Operating Systems
1 1,020 (14.36%) Linux
2 359 (5.06%) Unix
3 248 (3.49%) Android
4 239 (3.37%) Windows
5 207 (2.92%) Apple iOS
6 94 (1.32%) Embedded Linux
7 78 (1.10%) Ubuntu
8 50 (0.70%) CentOS
9 33 (0.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 22 (0.31%) Solaris
11 13 (0.18%) FreeRTOS
11 13 (0.18%) Windows Server
12 12 (0.17%) Windows 10
13 10 (0.14%) VxWorks
14 9 (0.13%) Mesosphere
15 6 (0.084%) SafeRTOS
16 5 (0.070%) Windows 7
17 4 (0.056%) Debian
18 3 (0.042%) Fedora
18 3 (0.042%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,920 (97.45%) Software Engineering
2 3,588 (50.53%) Agile Software Development
3 1,825 (25.70%) Microservices
4 1,617 (22.77%) DevOps
5 1,390 (19.57%) Full Stack Development
6 1,384 (19.49%) TDD
7 1,192 (16.79%) Computer Science
8 1,005 (14.15%) Problem-Solving
9 988 (13.91%) Test Automation
10 873 (12.29%) Mentoring
11 844 (11.89%) OO
12 835 (11.76%) Continuous Integration
13 813 (11.45%) Scrum
14 682 (9.60%) Asset Management
15 595 (8.38%) SDLC
16 586 (8.25%) Software Testing
17 578 (8.14%) Unit Testing
18 547 (7.70%) Clean Code
19 546 (7.69%) Analytics
20 542 (7.63%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 2,860 (40.28%) Java
2 2,509 (35.33%) JavaScript
3 2,445 (34.43%) Python
4 1,804 (25.40%) C#
5 1,624 (22.87%) SQL
6 1,263 (17.79%) TypeScript
7 1,190 (16.76%) C++
8 649 (9.14%) C
9 598 (8.42%) Kotlin
10 540 (7.60%) Scala
11 491 (6.91%) Go
12 413 (5.82%) Ruby
13 268 (3.77%) PHP
14 212 (2.99%) Shell Script
15 184 (2.59%) Clojure
16 183 (2.58%) Groovy
17 169 (2.38%) ES6
18 155 (2.18%) Java 8
19 102 (1.44%) Embedded C
20 96 (1.35%) Rust
Qualifications
1 1,332 (18.76%) Degree
2 419 (5.90%) Computer Science Degree
3 335 (4.72%) Security Cleared
4 179 (2.52%) SC Cleared
5 141 (1.99%) OCP
5 141 (1.99%) Oracle Certification
6 90 (1.27%) Master's Degree
7 89 (1.25%) Numerate Degree
8 49 (0.69%) PhD
9 32 (0.45%) AWS Certification
10 28 (0.39%) HND
11 16 (0.23%) HNC
12 11 (0.15%) DBS Check
12 11 (0.15%) DV Cleared
13 7 (0.099%) Microsoft Certification
14 6 (0.084%) SAFe Agilist
15 4 (0.056%) CITP
16 3 (0.042%) ISEB
16 3 (0.042%) ISTQB
16 3 (0.042%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 486 (6.84%) QA
2 72 (1.01%) Accessibility
3 45 (0.63%) MISRA
4 29 (0.41%) MISRA C
5 21 (0.30%) IEC 61508
5 21 (0.30%) ISO 9001
6 19 (0.27%) ECSS
7 18 (0.25%) SLA
8 14 (0.20%) Def Stans
8 14 (0.20%) PSD2
9 12 (0.17%) ISO 13485
10 10 (0.14%) DO-178B
11 9 (0.13%) Data Quality
11 9 (0.13%) WCAG
12 8 (0.11%) GDPR
12 8 (0.11%) ISO 26262
13 7 (0.099%) IEC 61131
13 7 (0.099%) WAI
14 5 (0.070%) ISO/IEC 15288
15 3 (0.042%) DICOM
System Software
1 1,740 (24.50%) Docker
2 151 (2.13%) HDFS
3 150 (2.11%) VMware Infrastructure
4 106 (1.49%) Firmware
5 22 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 22 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
6 17 (0.24%) Active Directory
7 12 (0.17%) ISA Server
8 8 (0.11%) Hyper-V
9 5 (0.070%) Kamailio
9 5 (0.070%) OpenSIPS
10 4 (0.056%) Apache Flume
11 3 (0.042%) OpenAM
11 3 (0.042%) OpenDJ
11 3 (0.042%) Virtual Servers
12 1 (0.014%) Microsoft App-V
12 1 (0.014%) NFS
12 1 (0.014%) Oracle RAC
12 1 (0.014%) VMware ESXi
12 1 (0.014%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 1,473 (20.74%) Kubernetes
2 824 (11.60%) Terraform
3 405 (5.70%) Ansible
4 127 (1.79%) Opscode Chef
5 104 (1.46%) Prometheus
6 96 (1.35%) Grafana
7 30 (0.42%) Graphite
8 29 (0.41%) Istio
9 27 (0.38%) Kibana
10 26 (0.37%) Puppet
11 23 (0.32%) Apache Brooklyn
12 17 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
13 15 (0.21%) Packer
14 10 (0.14%) Argo
15 9 (0.13%) Automic
15 9 (0.13%) logstash
16 6 (0.084%) yum
17 5 (0.070%) Single Sign-On
18 2 (0.028%) Hadoop YARN
18 2 (0.028%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 443 (6.24%) Google
2 422 (5.94%) Microsoft
3 327 (4.60%) Oracle
4 189 (2.66%) VMware
5 169 (2.38%) Okta
6 116 (1.63%) Samsung
7 93 (1.31%) Instagram
8 69 (0.97%) Xamarin
9 55 (0.77%) Sybase
10 49 (0.69%) Apple
11 47 (0.66%) Red Hat
11 47 (0.66%) SAP
12 41 (0.58%) IBM
13 39 (0.55%) Splunk
14 34 (0.48%) LexisNexis
15 33 (0.46%) New Relic
16 32 (0.45%) Salesforce.com
17 29 (0.41%) EMC
18 27 (0.38%) Spotify
19 22 (0.31%) Atlassian