Period
to

The median annual salary for a Software Engineer was £67,500 in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 2 July 2022.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineer
UK > England
6 months to
2 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 28 41 58
Rank change year-on-year +13 +17 +14
Permanent jobs requiring a Software Engineer 13,560 6,018 3,271
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 9.02% 6.30% 4.49%
As % of the Job Titles category 9.78% 6.88% 4.73%
Number of salaries quoted 3,846 3,378 2,738
10th Percentile £39,952 £37,485 £36,250
25th Percentile £50,000 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +12.50% +9.09% +4.76%
75th Percentile £92,500 £82,500 £73,000
90th Percentile £118,750 £103,750 £95,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +13.04% +4.55% +10.00%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
England
Permanent vacancies in England with a recognized job title 138,635 87,450 69,220
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.20% 91.52% 95.05%
Number of salaries quoted 75,469 63,748 56,980
10th Percentile £32,250 £32,250 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,521 £41,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +5.77%
75th Percentile £78,750 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £96,250 £90,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +10.00%

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer in England.

Salary trend for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineer in England over the 6 months to 2 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Software Engineer in England

Software Engineer
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the England region over the 6 months to 2 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +14 8,014 £85,000 +6.25% 292
South East +29 1,925 £55,000 +10.00% 163
North of England -2 1,282 £55,000 +4.76% 129
South West +10 975 £60,000 +20.00% 100
North West +14 787 £55,687 +6.07% 73
East of England +16 731 £58,750 +38.24% 121
Midlands +6 493 £52,500 +5.00% 81
Yorkshire -21 395 £55,000 - 39
West Midlands -18 254 £55,000 +4.76% 51
East Midlands +26 238 £51,000 +2.00% 30
North East +6 102 £55,000 +10.00% 17
South Coast - 1 - -
Software Engineer
UK

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 2 July 2022, Software Engineer job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 13,300 (98.08%) Software Engineering
2 6,625 (48.86%) Agile
3 5,334 (39.34%) Java
4 5,162 (38.07%) JavaScript
5 5,150 (37.98%) Python
6 4,980 (36.73%) AWS
7 4,435 (32.71%) React
8 3,586 (26.45%) Docker
9 3,562 (26.27%) Finance
10 3,196 (23.57%) CI/CD
11 3,135 (23.12%) Microservices
12 3,131 (23.09%) Azure
13 3,057 (22.54%) C#
14 3,024 (22.30%) TypeScript
15 2,960 (21.83%) Degree
16 2,937 (21.66%) Social Skills
17 2,838 (20.93%) SQL
18 2,772 (20.44%) Node.js
19 2,758 (20.34%) .NET
20 2,700 (19.91%) Kubernetes
21 2,634 (19.42%) DevOps
22 2,586 (19.07%) C++
23 2,501 (18.44%) TDD
24 2,421 (17.85%) Problem-Solving
25 2,352 (17.35%) Git (software)
26 2,343 (17.28%) Computer Science
27 2,256 (16.64%) Test Automation
28 2,161 (15.94%) Full Stack Development
29 2,158 (15.91%) CSS
30 2,087 (15.39%) Linux

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 306 (2.26%) Confluence
2 242 (1.78%) Apache
2 242 (1.78%) Apache Spark
3 223 (1.64%) CMS
4 197 (1.45%) Umbraco
5 128 (0.94%) Apache Airflow
6 107 (0.79%) Headless CMS
7 95 (0.70%) GeoServer
8 50 (0.37%) Cloud Foundry
9 49 (0.36%) OpenStack
10 35 (0.26%) SharePoint
11 32 (0.24%) Jupyter
12 31 (0.23%) Strapi
13 28 (0.21%) Drupal
13 28 (0.21%) Tomcat
14 25 (0.18%) WordPress
15 23 (0.17%) nginx
16 22 (0.16%) Apache Pulsar
17 20 (0.15%) IBM Domino
18 15 (0.11%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 76 (0.56%) Microsoft Office
2 71 (0.52%) Simulink
3 56 (0.41%) Sketch
4 46 (0.34%) Chatbot
5 42 (0.31%) Microsoft Excel
6 39 (0.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 28 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
8 22 (0.16%) Stateflow
9 15 (0.11%) CANalyzer
9 15 (0.11%) TargetLink
10 11 (0.081%) Photoshop
11 10 (0.074%) Revit
11 10 (0.074%) SOLIDWORKS
12 9 (0.066%) AutoCAD
13 7 (0.052%) CATIA
14 6 (0.044%) SketchUp
15 5 (0.037%) InVision
16 3 (0.022%) Adobe Illustrator
17 1 (0.007%) Houdini
17 1 (0.007%) Maya
Business Applications
1 61 (0.45%) Distributed Ledger
2 59 (0.44%) R3 Corda
3 39 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
4 36 (0.27%) Magento
5 18 (0.13%) Shopify
6 16 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
7 10 (0.074%) NetSuite
8 5 (0.037%) MetaTrader
9 3 (0.022%) Infor CloudSuite Industrial (formerly SyteLine)
10 2 (0.015%) Endur
10 2 (0.015%) Oracle BPM
10 2 (0.015%) Oracle General Ledger
10 2 (0.015%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
10 2 (0.015%) PeopleSoft Financials
10 2 (0.015%) Temenos T24
11 1 (0.007%) Oracle ERP
11 1 (0.007%) Primavera
11 1 (0.007%) SAP FI
11 1 (0.007%) SAP FI/CO
11 1 (0.007%) SAP MM
Cloud Services
1 4,980 (36.73%) AWS
2 3,131 (23.09%) Azure
3 1,953 (14.40%) GCP
4 1,610 (11.87%) Serverless
5 1,110 (8.19%) GitHub
6 832 (6.14%) AWS Lambda
7 734 (5.41%) SaaS
8 441 (3.25%) Amazon S3
9 429 (3.16%) Cloud Computing
10 345 (2.54%) Azure DevOps
11 338 (2.49%) Amazon ECS
12 330 (2.43%) Amazon EC2
13 323 (2.38%) Amazon SQS
14 247 (1.82%) AWS CloudFormation
15 229 (1.69%) GitHub Actions
16 220 (1.62%) Heroku
17 180 (1.33%) PaaS
18 179 (1.32%) Azure Cosmos DB
19 162 (1.19%) npm
20 153 (1.13%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 1,187 (8.75%) HTTP
2 489 (3.61%) TCP/IP
3 394 (2.91%) SSL
4 186 (1.37%) Internet
5 119 (0.88%) Broadband
6 99 (0.73%) Wireless
7 81 (0.60%) PPP
8 49 (0.36%) Bluetooth
9 46 (0.34%) Modbus
10 42 (0.31%) MQTT
10 42 (0.31%) Reverse Proxy
11 39 (0.29%) DNS
12 36 (0.27%) SNA
13 33 (0.24%) Wi-Fi
14 27 (0.20%) RS-485
15 26 (0.19%) RS-422
16 24 (0.18%) Network Security
17 22 (0.16%) 5G
18 20 (0.15%) Ethernet
19 18 (0.13%) RS-232
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,764 (13.01%) PostgreSQL
2 1,528 (11.27%) NoSQL
3 882 (6.50%) MySQL
4 768 (5.66%) Relational Database
5 679 (5.01%) MongoDB
6 660 (4.87%) Redis
7 639 (4.71%) SQL Server
8 544 (4.01%) Big Data
9 543 (4.00%) Elasticsearch
10 361 (2.66%) DynamoDB
11 311 (2.29%) Amazon Aurora
12 239 (1.76%) Amazon RDS
13 212 (1.56%) Hadoop
14 164 (1.21%) RDBMS
15 150 (1.11%) Apache Cassandra
16 145 (1.07%) GIS
17 104 (0.77%) QGIS
18 100 (0.74%) BigQuery
19 80 (0.59%) Metadata
20 77 (0.57%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 2,352 (17.35%) Git (software)
2 1,155 (8.52%) Jenkins
3 668 (4.93%) JIRA
4 442 (3.26%) GitLab
5 367 (2.71%) CircleCI
6 359 (2.65%) Cypress.io
7 330 (2.43%) webpack
8 317 (2.34%) Selenium
9 264 (1.95%) TeamCity
10 229 (1.69%) JUnit
11 210 (1.55%) Bitbucket
12 199 (1.47%) Gradle
13 196 (1.45%) Cucumber
14 164 (1.21%) Octopus Deploy
15 155 (1.14%) Maven
16 151 (1.11%) Subversion
17 148 (1.09%) Visual Studio
18 125 (0.92%) Babel
19 117 (0.86%) Postman
20 96 (0.71%) SonarQube
General
1 3,562 (26.27%) Finance
2 2,937 (21.66%) Social Skills
3 1,365 (10.07%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 1,050 (7.74%) Analytical Skills
5 915 (6.75%) Banking
6 909 (6.70%) Games
7 888 (6.55%) Marketing
8 691 (5.10%) Retail
9 655 (4.83%) Electronics
10 497 (3.67%) Front Office
11 401 (2.96%) Legal
12 381 (2.81%) Public Sector
13 291 (2.15%) Law
14 280 (2.06%) Automotive
15 201 (1.48%) Manufacturing
16 186 (1.37%) Aerospace
17 180 (1.33%) Publishing
18 176 (1.30%) Telecoms
19 154 (1.14%) Advertising
20 148 (1.09%) Financial Institution
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,435 (32.71%) React
2 2,772 (20.44%) Node.js
3 2,758 (20.34%) .NET
4 2,158 (15.91%) CSS
5 1,901 (14.02%) HTML
6 1,751 (12.91%) AngularJS
7 1,317 (9.71%) REST
8 1,140 (8.41%) RESTful
9 1,086 (8.01%) Kafka
10 1,085 (8.00%) Spring
11 1,031 (7.60%) GraphQL
12 944 (6.96%) ASP.NET
13 868 (6.40%) .NET Core
14 866 (6.39%) Ruby on Rails
15 848 (6.25%) Vue.js
16 715 (5.27%) Spring Boot
17 599 (4.42%) Django
18 564 (4.16%) .NET Framework
19 529 (3.90%) Redux
20 521 (3.84%) Protocol Buffers
Miscellaneous
1 1,312 (9.68%) User Experience
2 1,177 (8.68%) Algorithms
3 876 (6.46%) Data Structures
4 749 (5.52%) Mobile App
5 590 (4.35%) Cloud Native
6 507 (3.74%) Self-Motivation
7 491 (3.62%) Greenfield Project
8 475 (3.50%) Hedge funds
9 419 (3.09%) Equities
10 386 (2.85%) Derivative
11 342 (2.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 335 (2.47%) Hackathon
13 303 (2.23%) Enterprise Software
14 295 (2.18%) Fixed Income
15 267 (1.97%) IoT
16 224 (1.65%) Cyberattack
17 205 (1.51%) Blog
18 198 (1.46%) Renewable Energy
19 192 (1.42%) Virtual Team
20 181 (1.33%) Cyber Defence
Operating Systems
1 2,087 (15.39%) Linux
2 547 (4.03%) Android
3 498 (3.67%) Windows
4 420 (3.10%) Apple iOS
5 324 (2.39%) Unix
6 204 (1.50%) Ubuntu
7 146 (1.08%) Embedded Linux
8 62 (0.46%) CentOS
9 40 (0.29%) VMS
10 31 (0.23%) FreeRTOS
11 23 (0.17%) Robot Operating System
12 18 (0.13%) Mac OS
13 16 (0.12%) Mesosphere
14 14 (0.10%) Debian
15 12 (0.088%) ThreadX
15 12 (0.088%) VxWorks
16 11 (0.081%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
17 9 (0.066%) CoreOS
18 7 (0.052%) OpenVMS
19 5 (0.037%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 13,300 (98.08%) Software Engineering
2 6,625 (48.86%) Agile
3 3,196 (23.57%) CI/CD
4 3,135 (23.12%) Microservices
5 2,634 (19.42%) DevOps
6 2,501 (18.44%) TDD
7 2,421 (17.85%) Problem-Solving
8 2,343 (17.28%) Computer Science
9 2,256 (16.64%) Test Automation
10 2,161 (15.94%) Full Stack Development
11 2,077 (15.32%) Mentoring
12 1,785 (13.16%) Scrum
13 1,756 (12.95%) Continuous Integration
14 1,469 (10.83%) Machine Learning
15 1,362 (10.04%) Unit Testing
16 1,293 (9.54%) Software Testing
17 1,263 (9.31%) Artificial Intelligence
18 1,197 (8.83%) Pair Programming
19 1,187 (8.75%) OO
20 1,047 (7.72%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 5,334 (39.34%) Java
2 5,162 (38.07%) JavaScript
3 5,150 (37.98%) Python
4 3,057 (22.54%) C#
5 3,024 (22.30%) TypeScript
6 2,838 (20.93%) SQL
7 2,586 (19.07%) C++
8 1,655 (12.21%) C
9 1,580 (11.65%) Go
10 1,338 (9.87%) Ruby
11 698 (5.15%) Kotlin
12 498 (3.67%) PHP
13 487 (3.59%) Scala
14 423 (3.12%) Rust
15 266 (1.96%) ES6
16 228 (1.68%) Bash
17 185 (1.36%) Objective-C
18 169 (1.25%) Clojure
18 169 (1.25%) MATLAB
19 158 (1.17%) Embedded C
Qualifications
1 2,960 (21.83%) Degree
2 1,147 (8.46%) Computer Science Degree
3 931 (6.87%) Security Cleared
4 398 (2.94%) SC Cleared
5 232 (1.71%) Master's Degree
6 164 (1.21%) PhD
7 113 (0.83%) Numerate Degree
8 97 (0.72%) DV Cleared
9 54 (0.40%) PMI Certification
10 38 (0.28%) HND
11 28 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
12 27 (0.20%) AWS Certification
13 25 (0.18%) HNC
14 24 (0.18%) DBS Check
15 17 (0.13%) Postgraduate
16 11 (0.081%) AAT
17 7 (0.052%) ISTQB
17 7 (0.052%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 3 (0.022%) OCP
18 3 (0.022%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,054 (7.77%) QA
2 308 (2.27%) Accessibility
3 73 (0.54%) MISRA
4 70 (0.52%) SLA
5 53 (0.39%) ISO 26262
6 45 (0.33%) Data Quality
7 43 (0.32%) Def Stans
8 42 (0.31%) Automotive SPICE
9 39 (0.29%) AUTOSAR
10 36 (0.27%) IEC 61508
11 24 (0.18%) MISRA C
12 22 (0.16%) GDPR
12 22 (0.16%) ISO 9001
13 20 (0.15%) IEC 62304
14 18 (0.13%) PCI DSS
15 17 (0.13%) ISO 13485
16 14 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
16 14 (0.10%) SEPA
17 11 (0.081%) DO-178B
17 11 (0.081%) JTAG
System Software
1 3,586 (26.45%) Docker
2 238 (1.76%) Firmware
3 64 (0.47%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 44 (0.32%) Active Directory
5 41 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
6 22 (0.16%) LXC
7 8 (0.059%) KVM
8 7 (0.052%) ISA Server
8 7 (0.052%) VMware Infrastructure
9 5 (0.037%) Apache Flume
10 4 (0.029%) Postfix
11 2 (0.015%) HDFS
11 2 (0.015%) Hyper-V
11 2 (0.015%) Oracle RAC
11 2 (0.015%) VirtualBox
12 1 (0.007%) Lustre
12 1 (0.007%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 1 (0.007%) NFS
12 1 (0.007%) Virtual Servers
12 1 (0.007%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 2,700 (19.91%) Kubernetes
2 1,504 (11.09%) Terraform
3 331 (2.44%) Ansible
4 246 (1.81%) Prometheus
5 214 (1.58%) Grafana
6 101 (0.74%) Opscode Chef
7 91 (0.67%) Puppet
8 71 (0.52%) Istio
9 70 (0.52%) Docker Swarm
10 49 (0.36%) Kibana
11 35 (0.26%) Cisco IPCC
12 23 (0.17%) HP Fortify
13 20 (0.15%) Argo
14 16 (0.12%) Automic
15 14 (0.10%) Opsview
16 12 (0.088%) HP Quality Center
17 8 (0.059%) Marathon
18 6 (0.044%) Bugsnag
19 5 (0.037%) Podman
20 4 (0.029%) yum
Vendors
1 797 (5.88%) Google
2 778 (5.74%) Microsoft
3 288 (2.12%) Oracle
4 244 (1.80%) Twitter
5 205 (1.51%) Palantir
6 150 (1.11%) Apple
7 148 (1.09%) Salesforce.com
8 125 (0.92%) IBM
9 122 (0.90%) Samsung
10 114 (0.84%) Facebook
11 103 (0.76%) Sony
12 98 (0.72%) LexisNexis
13 87 (0.64%) Sun
14 80 (0.59%) Foundry
15 78 (0.58%) New Relic
16 76 (0.56%) Bloomberg
17 70 (0.52%) SAP
17 70 (0.52%) TrueLayer
18 62 (0.46%) Zopa
19 59 (0.44%) Intel