Period
to 25 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 25 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Automated Testing
UK > England
6 months to
25 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 36 33 33
Rank change year-on-year -3 0 -2
Permanent jobs citing Test Automation 7,494 3,018 8,666
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 6.97% 6.71% 6.67%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.40% 7.19% 7.20%
Number of salaries quoted 4,578 2,453 6,637
10th Percentile £37,500 £32,799 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £41,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £71,250 £70,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £81,250 £82,500
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.55% +10.00% -

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 101,229 41,959 120,442
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 94.13% 93.34% 92.64%
Number of salaries quoted 68,535 35,037 96,651
10th Percentile £33,000 £33,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £57,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +9.52% +2.94%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £93,300 £87,500
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Salary trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the England region over the 6 months to 25 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +12 3,948 £70,000 +3.70% 448
South East -9 1,318 £52,500 +5.00% 183
North of England -9 969 £50,000 +11.11% 202
Midlands -9 480 £50,000 +11.11% 128
South West -15 468 £47,500 +11.76% 103
Yorkshire -7 467 £51,500 +14.44% 72
North West -2 450 £47,500 -8.65% 118
West Midlands -9 301 £50,000 - 73
East Midlands -8 179 £45,000 +5.88% 54
East of England -34 164 £60,000 +20.00% 98
North East -22 57 £43,750 -2.78% 12
Test Automation
UK

For the 6 months to 25 September 2021, IT jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 4,617 (61.61%) Agile Software Development
2 2,524 (33.68%) Java
3 2,377 (31.72%) JavaScript
4 2,295 (30.62%) DevOps
5 2,273 (30.33%) QA
6 2,077 (27.72%) C#
7 2,018 (26.93%) AWS
8 1,905 (25.42%) Selenium
9 1,873 (24.99%) SQL
10 1,856 (24.77%) Software Engineering
11 1,813 (24.19%) Azure
12 1,727 (23.05%) Microservices
13 1,647 (21.98%) Social Skills
14 1,641 (21.90%) Python
15 1,566 (20.90%) Docker
16 1,525 (20.35%) TDD
17 1,505 (20.08%) Software Testing
18 1,482 (19.78%) React
19 1,478 (19.72%) Git (software)
20 1,452 (19.38%) Finance
21 1,450 (19.35%) Continuous Integration
22 1,364 (18.20%) Scrum
23 1,262 (16.84%) Jenkins
24 1,248 (16.65%) Kubernetes
25 1,236 (16.49%) .NET
26 1,229 (16.40%) BDD
27 1,213 (16.19%) Node.js
28 1,052 (14.04%) REST
29 1,022 (13.64%) JIRA
30 999 (13.33%) Mentoring

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 355 (4.74%) Confluence
2 172 (2.30%) CMS
3 141 (1.88%) Elasticsearch
4 126 (1.68%) Apache Spark
5 113 (1.51%) Apache
6 83 (1.11%) SharePoint
7 70 (0.93%) EPiServer
8 52 (0.69%) IIS
9 46 (0.61%) nginx
10 30 (0.40%) Apache Airflow
11 27 (0.36%) WordPress
12 23 (0.31%) Oracle Workflow
12 23 (0.31%) WebSphere
13 22 (0.29%) GemFire
13 22 (0.29%) Headless CMS
14 20 (0.27%) Oracle Coherence
15 19 (0.25%) JBoss
15 19 (0.25%) MS Exchange
16 18 (0.24%) Camunda
17 17 (0.23%) Drupal
Applications
1 58 (0.77%) Microsoft Office
2 47 (0.63%) Microsoft Excel
3 27 (0.36%) InVision
4 25 (0.33%) Figma
4 25 (0.33%) Sketch
5 23 (0.31%) MS Visio
6 14 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
7 10 (0.13%) Adobe Premiere
7 10 (0.13%) Final Cut Pro
7 10 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 10 (0.13%) SOLIDWORKS
7 10 (0.13%) Zeplin
8 9 (0.12%) Zemax
9 7 (0.093%) Spreadsheet
10 6 (0.080%) Photoshop
11 3 (0.040%) Chatbot
11 3 (0.040%) Mingle
12 1 (0.013%) EngageOne
12 1 (0.013%) GIMP
12 1 (0.013%) PrintSoft PReS
Business Applications
1 86 (1.15%) Dynamics CRM
2 45 (0.60%) Magento
3 37 (0.49%) Distributed Ledger
4 22 (0.29%) Shopify
5 15 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
5 15 (0.20%) R3 Corda
6 13 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
7 9 (0.12%) WebTrends
8 8 (0.11%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 8 (0.11%) NetSuite
9 7 (0.093%) SAP S/4HANA
10 5 (0.067%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
11 4 (0.053%) Dynamics AX
12 3 (0.040%) Oracle ERP
12 3 (0.040%) PeopleSoft HCM
12 3 (0.040%) SAP CO
12 3 (0.040%) SAP FI
12 3 (0.040%) SAP FI/CO
12 3 (0.040%) SDL Web 8
12 3 (0.040%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 2,018 (26.93%) AWS
2 1,813 (24.19%) Azure
3 730 (9.74%) Serverless
4 545 (7.27%) GCP
5 520 (6.94%) SaaS
6 510 (6.81%) GitHub
7 372 (4.96%) AWS Lambda
8 206 (2.75%) Amazon ECS
9 191 (2.55%) Amazon S3
10 184 (2.46%) PaaS
11 177 (2.36%) Amazon EC2
12 131 (1.75%) Amazon SQS
12 131 (1.75%) AWS CloudFormation
13 129 (1.72%) OpenShift
14 124 (1.65%) Power Platform
15 110 (1.47%) Cloud Computing
16 95 (1.27%) npm
17 88 (1.17%) Heroku
18 85 (1.13%) IaaS
19 77 (1.03%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 387 (5.16%) HTTP
2 121 (1.61%) Broadband
3 104 (1.39%) Internet
4 74 (0.99%) TCP/IP
5 45 (0.60%) Wireshark
6 41 (0.55%) Firewall
6 41 (0.55%) Wireless
7 40 (0.53%) HTTPS
8 39 (0.52%) Network Security
9 37 (0.49%) 802.11
9 37 (0.49%) MQTT
10 36 (0.48%) Wi-Fi
11 32 (0.43%) Ethernet
11 32 (0.43%) STUN
12 23 (0.31%) 5G
13 22 (0.29%) DNS
13 22 (0.29%) VPN
14 15 (0.20%) SMTP
15 14 (0.19%) VoIP
16 13 (0.17%) 4G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 705 (9.41%) NoSQL
2 685 (9.14%) PostgreSQL
3 636 (8.49%) SQL Server
4 511 (6.82%) Relational Database
5 438 (5.84%) MySQL
6 437 (5.83%) MongoDB
7 299 (3.99%) Redis
8 270 (3.60%) Big Data
9 235 (3.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 186 (2.48%) Amazon Aurora
11 118 (1.57%) Apache Cassandra
12 114 (1.52%) Amazon Athena
13 109 (1.45%) Power BI
14 103 (1.37%) Data Lake
15 99 (1.32%) Oracle Database
16 95 (1.27%) Data Warehouse
17 92 (1.23%) Hadoop
18 84 (1.12%) RDBMS
19 80 (1.07%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 79 (1.05%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 1,905 (25.42%) Selenium
2 1,478 (19.72%) Git (software)
3 1,262 (16.84%) Jenkins
4 1,022 (13.64%) JIRA
5 768 (10.25%) Cucumber
6 594 (7.93%) Cypress.io
7 565 (7.54%) Postman
8 508 (6.78%) SpecFlow
9 462 (6.16%) WebDriver
10 345 (4.60%) JMeter
11 331 (4.42%) JUnit
12 311 (4.15%) GitLab
13 270 (3.60%) TeamCity
14 211 (2.82%) Appium
14 211 (2.82%) SoapUI
15 194 (2.59%) webpack
16 191 (2.55%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 172 (2.30%) Maven
18 170 (2.27%) REST Assured
19 166 (2.22%) Bitbucket
General
1 1,647 (21.98%) Social Skills
2 1,452 (19.38%) Finance
3 553 (7.38%) Banking
4 436 (5.82%) Retail
5 430 (5.74%) Analytical Skills
6 248 (3.31%) Games
7 236 (3.15%) Marketing
8 211 (2.82%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 188 (2.51%) Public Sector
10 187 (2.50%) Law
11 165 (2.20%) Legal
12 159 (2.12%) Telecoms
13 113 (1.51%) Presentation Skills
14 97 (1.29%) Electronics
15 86 (1.15%) Influencing Skills
16 76 (1.01%) Manufacturing
17 67 (0.89%) Advertising
18 65 (0.87%) Organisational Skills
18 65 (0.87%) Retail Banking
19 61 (0.81%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,071 (27.64%) Developer
2 1,010 (13.48%) Software Engineer
3 716 (9.55%) Test Engineer
4 615 (8.21%) Tester
5 496 (6.62%) QA Engineer
6 481 (6.42%) Senior Developer
7 400 (5.34%) Analyst
8 340 (4.54%) Test Automation Engineer
9 334 (4.46%) Automation Tester
9 334 (4.46%) Senior Software Engineer
10 332 (4.43%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 311 (4.15%) Software Developer
12 304 (4.06%) Java Developer
13 292 (3.90%) Test Analyst
14 287 (3.83%) Java Engineer
15 277 (3.70%) Full Stack Developer
16 274 (3.66%) Automation Engineer
17 257 (3.43%) DevOps Engineer
18 205 (2.74%) Architect
19 202 (2.70%) QA Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,482 (19.78%) React
2 1,236 (16.49%) .NET
3 1,213 (16.19%) Node.js
4 1,052 (14.04%) REST
5 959 (12.80%) CSS
6 927 (12.37%) HTML
7 830 (11.08%) Web Services
8 810 (10.81%) RESTful
9 758 (10.11%) AngularJS
10 535 (7.14%) Kafka
11 517 (6.90%) Spring
12 511 (6.82%) GraphQL
13 485 (6.47%) .NET Core
14 373 (4.98%) HTML5
15 348 (4.64%) Redux
16 329 (4.39%) JSON
17 321 (4.28%) XML
18 306 (4.08%) .NET Framework
19 289 (3.86%) SOAP
20 288 (3.84%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 773 (10.31%) User Experience
2 430 (5.74%) Mobile App
3 328 (4.38%) Self-Motivation
4 256 (3.42%) Cloud Native
5 236 (3.15%) Greenfield Project
6 231 (3.08%) Algorithms
7 160 (2.14%) Data Structures
8 135 (1.80%) Enterprise Software
8 135 (1.80%) Hedge funds
9 128 (1.71%) Virtual Team
10 119 (1.59%) Pricing Data
11 88 (1.17%) Social Media
12 80 (1.07%) NHS
13 78 (1.04%) Linux Command Line
14 75 (1.00%) Client/Server
15 65 (0.87%) SWIFT
16 61 (0.81%) Public Cloud
17 60 (0.80%) Cyberattack
17 60 (0.80%) iPhone
17 60 (0.80%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 743 (9.91%) Linux
2 370 (4.94%) Windows
3 341 (4.55%) Android
4 294 (3.92%) Apple iOS
5 234 (3.12%) Unix
6 70 (0.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 52 (0.69%) CentOS
8 32 (0.43%) VMS
9 23 (0.31%) Windows Server
10 21 (0.28%) Embedded Linux
11 20 (0.27%) Mac OS
12 16 (0.21%) zOS
13 15 (0.20%) Ubuntu
14 6 (0.080%) Debian
15 5 (0.067%) Kali Linux
15 5 (0.067%) Mac OS X
15 5 (0.067%) Windows 10
15 5 (0.067%) Windows Server 2019
16 4 (0.053%) watchOS
16 4 (0.053%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,617 (61.61%) Agile Software Development
2 2,295 (30.62%) DevOps
3 1,856 (24.77%) Software Engineering
4 1,727 (23.05%) Microservices
5 1,525 (20.35%) TDD
6 1,505 (20.08%) Software Testing
7 1,450 (19.35%) Continuous Integration
8 1,364 (18.20%) Scrum
9 1,229 (16.40%) BDD
10 999 (13.33%) Mentoring
11 860 (11.48%) Problem-Solving
12 814 (10.86%) SDLC
13 775 (10.34%) Full Stack Development
14 652 (8.70%) Fintech
15 644 (8.59%) Computer Science
16 632 (8.43%) OO
17 626 (8.35%) Unit Testing
18 600 (8.01%) Test Strategy
19 594 (7.93%) Manual Testing
20 576 (7.69%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 2,524 (33.68%) Java
2 2,377 (31.72%) JavaScript
3 2,077 (27.72%) C#
4 1,873 (24.99%) SQL
5 1,641 (21.90%) Python
6 954 (12.73%) TypeScript
7 339 (4.52%) C++
8 273 (3.64%) C
9 266 (3.55%) Ruby
10 259 (3.46%) PHP
10 259 (3.46%) PowerShell
11 246 (3.28%) Go
12 242 (3.23%) Scala
13 222 (2.96%) Kotlin
14 197 (2.63%) ES6
15 182 (2.43%) Bash Shell
16 163 (2.18%) Java 8
17 152 (2.03%) Shell Script
18 120 (1.60%) T-SQL
19 103 (1.37%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 912 (12.17%) Degree
2 306 (4.08%) ISTQB
3 289 (3.86%) Computer Science Degree
4 280 (3.74%) Security Cleared
5 192 (2.56%) SC Cleared
6 146 (1.95%) ISEB
7 111 (1.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 85 (1.13%) Master's Degree
9 50 (0.67%) AWS Certification
10 38 (0.51%) Microsoft Certification
11 29 (0.39%) Oracle Certification
11 29 (0.39%) SANS
12 28 (0.37%) Cisco Certification
13 26 (0.35%) OCP
14 25 (0.33%) PhD
15 19 (0.25%) DBS Check
16 18 (0.24%) DV Cleared
17 14 (0.19%) Numerate Degree
18 13 (0.17%) CCNP
19 12 (0.16%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,273 (30.33%) QA
2 235 (3.14%) Accessibility
3 51 (0.68%) GDPR
4 40 (0.53%) SLA
4 40 (0.53%) WCAG
5 39 (0.52%) Data Quality
6 23 (0.31%) PMO
6 23 (0.31%) PSD2
7 18 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 9 (0.12%) ISO 20022
9 6 (0.080%) DICOM
9 6 (0.080%) ISO 13485
9 6 (0.080%) ISO 15022
10 5 (0.067%) SEPA
11 3 (0.040%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 3 (0.040%) GxP
11 3 (0.040%) HL7
11 3 (0.040%) ISO 26262
11 3 (0.040%) NIST
12 2 (0.027%) NCSC
System Software
1 1,566 (20.90%) Docker
2 87 (1.16%) Active Directory
3 31 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
4 28 (0.37%) HDFS
5 25 (0.33%) Firmware
6 21 (0.28%) NDS
6 21 (0.28%) NetIQ eDirectory
7 18 (0.24%) VMware Infrastructure
8 13 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 12 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
10 11 (0.15%) ISA Server
11 8 (0.11%) LXC
12 5 (0.067%) Snort
13 4 (0.053%) Hyper-V
13 4 (0.053%) KVM
14 3 (0.040%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 3 (0.040%) Varnish
14 3 (0.040%) vSphere
15 2 (0.027%) VMware ESXi
16 1 (0.013%) zsh
Systems Management
1 1,248 (16.65%) Kubernetes
2 587 (7.83%) Terraform
3 387 (5.16%) Ansible
4 218 (2.91%) Opscode Chef
5 169 (2.26%) Puppet
6 106 (1.41%) Prometheus
7 76 (1.01%) Grafana
8 72 (0.96%) Kibana
9 44 (0.59%) Docker Swarm
9 44 (0.59%) HP Quality Center
10 35 (0.47%) Hadoop YARN
11 34 (0.45%) Graylog
12 31 (0.41%) Istio
13 27 (0.36%) HP ALM
13 27 (0.36%) logstash
13 27 (0.36%) Mesos
14 24 (0.32%) Rancher
15 21 (0.28%) NetIQ Identity Manager
15 21 (0.28%) Packer
16 17 (0.23%) Consul
Vendors
1 605 (8.07%) Microsoft
2 425 (5.67%) Oracle
3 335 (4.47%) Google
4 100 (1.33%) IBM
5 99 (1.32%) SAP
6 85 (1.13%) Cognizant
7 80 (1.07%) HP
8 72 (0.96%) Atlassian
8 72 (0.96%) Salesforce.com
9 70 (0.93%) Splunk
10 69 (0.92%) VMware
11 68 (0.91%) Red Hat
12 67 (0.89%) Samsung
13 58 (0.77%) Xamarin
14 51 (0.68%) New Relic
15 45 (0.60%) Databricks
16 39 (0.52%) Apple
17 34 (0.45%) ServiceNow
18 31 (0.41%) Cisco
18 31 (0.41%) Dynatrace