Period
to 7 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 7 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Automated Testing
UK > England
6 months to
7 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 32 33 31
Rank change year-on-year +1 -2 +2
Permanent jobs citing Test Automation 4,628 7,364 9,603
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 6.83% 6.57% 6.97%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.36% 7.14% 7.54%
Number of salaries quoted 4,254 6,050 7,891
Median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,250 £32,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £78,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 62,841 103,080 127,295
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.74% 92.02% 92.36%
Number of salaries quoted 49,769 83,351 102,802
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £53,700 £52,500
% change year-on-year +2.42% +2.28% +5.00%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Salary trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 7 March 2021.

Salary histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the England region over the 6 months to 7 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +10 2,082 £70,000 +7.69% 320
South East +3 955 £50,000 - 140
North of England -9 699 £47,500 +5.56% 156
Yorkshire -11 329 £47,500 +5.56% 61
South West -17 327 £45,000 - 90
Midlands -19 320 £47,500 +5.56% 79
North West -5 300 £47,000 +4.44% 77
West Midlands -13 206 £50,000 +11.11% 48
East of England +3 178 £57,500 +15.00% 70
East Midlands -20 112 £47,500 +5.56% 29
North East +2 70 £45,000 +12.50% 18
Test Automation
UK

For the 6 months to 7 March 2021, IT jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 2,706 (58.47%) Agile Software Development
2 1,598 (34.53%) DevOps
3 1,511 (32.65%) Java
4 1,451 (31.35%) C#
5 1,404 (30.34%) Selenium
6 1,392 (30.08%) JavaScript
7 1,388 (29.99%) QA
8 1,151 (24.87%) Azure
9 1,126 (24.33%) SQL
10 1,017 (21.97%) .NET
11 1,013 (21.89%) AWS
12 927 (20.03%) BDD
12 927 (20.03%) Python
13 926 (20.01%) TDD
14 919 (19.86%) Microservices
15 888 (19.19%) Continuous Integration
16 817 (17.65%) Finance
17 815 (17.61%) Scrum
18 784 (16.94%) Software Engineering
19 741 (16.01%) Docker
20 652 (14.09%) JIRA
20 652 (14.09%) Degree
21 636 (13.74%) Git (software)
22 607 (13.12%) React
23 602 (13.01%) Jenkins
24 600 (12.96%) Cucumber
25 557 (12.04%) CSS
26 545 (11.78%) Mentoring
27 535 (11.56%) REST
28 504 (10.89%) SQL Server

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 272 (5.88%) Confluence
2 148 (3.20%) SharePoint
3 79 (1.71%) Elasticsearch
4 50 (1.08%) CMS
5 31 (0.67%) Apache
6 27 (0.58%) Apache Spark
7 23 (0.50%) WordPress
8 14 (0.30%) Drupal
8 14 (0.30%) IIS
8 14 (0.30%) WebSphere
9 13 (0.28%) Tomcat
10 11 (0.24%) EPiServer
11 9 (0.19%) OpenStack
11 9 (0.19%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 7 (0.15%) nginx
13 6 (0.13%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 6 (0.13%) NServiceBus
13 6 (0.13%) WebLogic
14 5 (0.11%) Apache Airflow
14 5 (0.11%) JBoss
Applications
1 43 (0.93%) Microsoft Office
2 30 (0.65%) Microsoft Excel
3 25 (0.54%) InVision
4 16 (0.35%) Sketch
5 15 (0.32%) Photoshop
6 9 (0.19%) Figma
7 6 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
8 4 (0.086%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 4 (0.086%) MS Visio
9 3 (0.065%) Simulink
10 2 (0.043%) Chatbot
10 2 (0.043%) Spreadsheet
11 1 (0.022%) Adobe Illustrator
Business Applications
1 73 (1.58%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (0.37%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 16 (0.35%) Dynamics NAV
4 15 (0.32%) Distributed Ledger
5 11 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
6 9 (0.19%) Magento
7 8 (0.17%) NetSuite
7 8 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
8 7 (0.15%) R3 Corda
9 6 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
10 5 (0.11%) Epicor Tropos
11 4 (0.086%) Adobe Campaign
11 4 (0.086%) BASE24
11 4 (0.086%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
11 4 (0.086%) Temenos T24
12 2 (0.043%) Endur
12 2 (0.043%) Oracle EBS
12 2 (0.043%) SAP FI-CA
12 2 (0.043%) Sentinel
12 2 (0.043%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 1,151 (24.87%) Azure
2 1,013 (21.89%) AWS
3 337 (7.28%) SaaS
4 256 (5.53%) Serverless
5 220 (4.75%) GCP
6 186 (4.02%) GitHub
7 179 (3.87%) PaaS
8 130 (2.81%) AWS Lambda
9 123 (2.66%) Power Platform
10 95 (2.05%) Dynamics 365
11 81 (1.75%) Azure Active Directory
12 77 (1.66%) BrowserStack
13 73 (1.58%) AWS CloudFormation
14 63 (1.36%) IaaS
15 50 (1.08%) Azure Functions
16 46 (0.99%) Amazon SQS
17 42 (0.91%) Cloud Computing
18 35 (0.76%) Azure Data Factory
19 34 (0.73%) Amazon S3
20 27 (0.58%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 121 (2.61%) HTTP
2 69 (1.49%) Skype
3 54 (1.17%) TCP/IP
4 51 (1.10%) Internet
5 37 (0.80%) Wireshark
6 35 (0.76%) Wireless
7 32 (0.69%) Broadband
8 30 (0.65%) HTTPS
9 29 (0.63%) Wi-Fi
10 27 (0.58%) Ethernet
11 26 (0.56%) VoIP
12 25 (0.54%) 802.11
12 25 (0.54%) MQTT
12 25 (0.54%) STUN
13 22 (0.48%) DNS
14 21 (0.45%) RTP
15 19 (0.41%) Network Security
16 12 (0.26%) AMQP
16 12 (0.26%) DHCP
17 10 (0.22%) DAB
Database & Business Intelligence
1 504 (10.89%) SQL Server
2 330 (7.13%) NoSQL
3 273 (5.90%) MongoDB
4 210 (4.54%) Relational Database
5 152 (3.28%) MySQL
6 137 (2.96%) PostgreSQL
7 101 (2.18%) Big Data
8 81 (1.75%) Power BI
9 78 (1.69%) Azure SQL Database
9 78 (1.69%) Redis
10 63 (1.36%) RDBMS
11 56 (1.21%) Blockchain
12 51 (1.10%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 49 (1.06%) Data Lake
13 49 (1.06%) Data Warehouse
14 47 (1.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 44 (0.95%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 41 (0.89%) Cosmos DB
17 37 (0.80%) Apache Cassandra
18 36 (0.78%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 1,404 (30.34%) Selenium
2 652 (14.09%) JIRA
3 636 (13.74%) Git (software)
4 602 (13.01%) Jenkins
5 600 (12.96%) Cucumber
6 357 (7.71%) WebDriver
7 338 (7.30%) Postman
8 295 (6.37%) Appium
9 283 (6.11%) SpecFlow
10 233 (5.03%) JMeter
11 214 (4.62%) Cypress.io
12 178 (3.85%) Team Foundation Server
13 167 (3.61%) SoapUI
14 151 (3.26%) Visual Studio Team System
15 150 (3.24%) Visual Studio
16 138 (2.98%) TeamCity
17 119 (2.57%) JUnit
18 118 (2.55%) Maven
19 116 (2.51%) GitLab
20 107 (2.31%) Subversion
General
1 817 (17.65%) Finance
2 206 (4.45%) Banking
3 137 (2.96%) Games
4 131 (2.83%) Retail
5 108 (2.33%) Public Sector
6 87 (1.88%) Marketing
7 82 (1.77%) Telecoms
8 81 (1.75%) Electronics
9 74 (1.60%) Law
10 73 (1.58%) Legal
11 59 (1.27%) Back Office
12 47 (1.02%) Manufacturing
13 42 (0.91%) Publishing
14 39 (0.84%) Front Office
15 37 (0.80%) Automotive
16 32 (0.69%) Pharmaceutical
17 29 (0.63%) Advertising
18 27 (0.58%) Investment Banking
19 24 (0.52%) Financial Institution
20 17 (0.37%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 1,355 (29.28%) Developer
2 466 (10.07%) Tester
3 440 (9.51%) QA Engineer
4 436 (9.42%) Test Engineer
5 382 (8.25%) Software Engineer
6 369 (7.97%) Senior Developer
7 360 (7.78%) Analyst
8 307 (6.63%) Test Analyst
9 294 (6.35%) Automation Tester
10 287 (6.20%) C# Developer
11 241 (5.21%) Software Developer
12 239 (5.16%) Test Automation Engineer
13 237 (5.12%) DevOps Engineer
14 229 (4.95%) .NET Developer
15 196 (4.24%) Java Developer
16 195 (4.21%) Automation Engineer
17 177 (3.82%) C# .NET Developer
18 157 (3.39%) Full Stack Developer
19 156 (3.37%) Java Engineer
20 151 (3.26%) Developer in Test
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,017 (21.97%) .NET
2 607 (13.12%) React
3 557 (12.04%) CSS
4 535 (11.56%) REST
5 467 (10.09%) HTML
6 461 (9.96%) RESTful
7 429 (9.27%) Web Services
8 418 (9.03%) Node.js
9 410 (8.86%) .NET Core
10 352 (7.61%) AngularJS
11 335 (7.24%) .NET Framework
12 270 (5.83%) jQuery
13 246 (5.32%) ASP.NET Web API
14 239 (5.16%) Spring
15 234 (5.06%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 223 (4.82%) JSON
17 221 (4.78%) Gherkin
18 213 (4.60%) HTML5
19 193 (4.17%) Kafka
20 179 (3.87%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 344 (7.43%) Mobile App
2 293 (6.33%) Analytical Skills
3 232 (5.01%) User Experience
4 139 (3.00%) Greenfield Project
5 129 (2.79%) N-Tier
6 124 (2.68%) Enterprise Software
7 102 (2.20%) Algorithms
7 102 (2.20%) Self-Motivation
8 99 (2.14%) Virtual Team
9 77 (1.66%) Data Structures
10 76 (1.64%) Cloud Native
11 51 (1.10%) Reinsurance
12 48 (1.04%) Management Information System
13 44 (0.95%) Social Network
14 40 (0.86%) Public Cloud
15 39 (0.84%) Blog
16 33 (0.71%) Cyberattack
17 24 (0.52%) Derivative
18 23 (0.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 22 (0.48%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 491 (10.61%) Linux
2 277 (5.99%) Windows
3 232 (5.01%) Android
4 221 (4.78%) Apple iOS
5 130 (2.81%) Unix
6 51 (1.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 45 (0.97%) CentOS
8 13 (0.28%) Debian
9 11 (0.24%) Windows Server
10 10 (0.22%) Mac OS
11 9 (0.19%) Mac OS X
12 7 (0.15%) VMS
13 3 (0.065%) Ubuntu
13 3 (0.065%) Windows 10
14 2 (0.043%) Embedded Linux
14 2 (0.043%) Fedora
15 1 (0.022%) Windows Server 2012
15 1 (0.022%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,706 (58.47%) Agile Software Development
2 1,598 (34.53%) DevOps
3 927 (20.03%) BDD
4 926 (20.01%) TDD
5 919 (19.86%) Microservices
6 888 (19.19%) Continuous Integration
7 815 (17.61%) Scrum
8 784 (16.94%) Software Engineering
9 545 (11.78%) Mentoring
10 486 (10.50%) SDLC
11 470 (10.16%) SDET
12 432 (9.33%) Problem-Solving
13 423 (9.14%) OO
14 401 (8.66%) API Testing
15 395 (8.54%) Fintech
16 371 (8.02%) Unit Testing
17 354 (7.65%) Computer Science
18 343 (7.41%) Test Scripting
19 336 (7.26%) Manual Testing
20 324 (7.00%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 1,511 (32.65%) Java
2 1,451 (31.35%) C#
3 1,392 (30.08%) JavaScript
4 1,126 (24.33%) SQL
5 927 (20.03%) Python
6 379 (8.19%) TypeScript
7 283 (6.11%) C++
8 220 (4.75%) PowerShell
9 213 (4.60%) C
10 183 (3.95%) T-SQL
11 138 (2.98%) Scala
12 137 (2.96%) PHP
13 134 (2.90%) Ruby
14 129 (2.79%) Go
15 102 (2.20%) Java 8
16 96 (2.07%) Kotlin
17 89 (1.92%) Bash Shell
18 72 (1.56%) ES6
18 72 (1.56%) Shell Script
19 54 (1.17%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 652 (14.09%) Degree
2 260 (5.62%) ISTQB
3 222 (4.80%) Security Cleared
4 172 (3.72%) Computer Science Degree
5 169 (3.65%) SC Cleared
6 139 (3.00%) ISEB
7 101 (2.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 54 (1.17%) DV Cleared
9 30 (0.65%) HND
10 27 (0.58%) HNC
11 21 (0.45%) SANS
12 19 (0.41%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
13 18 (0.39%) Master's Degree
14 17 (0.37%) CFA
14 17 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
15 13 (0.28%) ISEB Practitioner
16 12 (0.26%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
17 11 (0.24%) OSCP
18 10 (0.22%) AWS Certification
18 10 (0.22%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,388 (29.99%) QA
2 35 (0.76%) GDPR
3 34 (0.73%) Data Quality
4 18 (0.39%) WCAG
5 13 (0.28%) ISO 9001
6 12 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 12 (0.26%) MISRA
7 10 (0.22%) MISRA C
8 8 (0.17%) SLA
9 5 (0.11%) GAMP
9 5 (0.11%) NCSC
9 5 (0.11%) PMO
10 4 (0.086%) IEC 61508
10 4 (0.086%) IEC 62304
10 4 (0.086%) ISO 26262
10 4 (0.086%) ISO 8583
10 4 (0.086%) NIST
11 3 (0.065%) COSO
11 3 (0.065%) MiFID
11 3 (0.065%) NIST 800
System Software
1 741 (16.01%) Docker
2 43 (0.93%) Active Directory
3 30 (0.65%) Firmware
3 30 (0.65%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (0.26%) KVM
5 9 (0.19%) Hyper-V
6 8 (0.17%) Kamailio
6 8 (0.17%) OpenSIPS
7 7 (0.15%) Microcode
7 7 (0.15%) vSphere
8 4 (0.086%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (0.065%) VirtualBox
9 3 (0.065%) VMware ESXi
9 3 (0.065%) Xen
10 2 (0.043%) Apache Flume
10 2 (0.043%) NDS
10 2 (0.043%) NetIQ eDirectory
10 2 (0.043%) NFS
10 2 (0.043%) Samba
10 2 (0.043%) Snort
Systems Management
1 499 (10.78%) Kubernetes
2 372 (8.04%) Terraform
3 249 (5.38%) Ansible
4 179 (3.87%) Opscode Chef
5 154 (3.33%) Puppet
6 71 (1.53%) Kibana
7 43 (0.93%) HP Quality Center
8 32 (0.69%) Istio
9 29 (0.63%) Prometheus
10 28 (0.61%) Packer
11 26 (0.56%) Graylog
12 23 (0.50%) Fortio
12 23 (0.50%) Kiali
13 14 (0.30%) Nagios
14 13 (0.28%) Grafana
15 11 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
16 7 (0.15%) Single Sign-On
17 6 (0.13%) HP Fortify
17 6 (0.13%) Marathon
17 6 (0.13%) Mesos
Vendors
1 472 (10.20%) Microsoft
2 125 (2.70%) Oracle
3 121 (2.61%) Google
4 81 (1.75%) Nintex
5 73 (1.58%) VMware
6 66 (1.43%) Xamarin
7 58 (1.25%) Salesforce.com
8 55 (1.19%) IBM
9 46 (0.99%) Splunk
10 45 (0.97%) SAP
11 44 (0.95%) Databricks
11 44 (0.95%) Red Hat
12 41 (0.89%) Atlassian
13 33 (0.71%) HP
14 29 (0.63%) Apple
15 26 (0.56%) Adobe
16 21 (0.45%) Dynatrace
17 20 (0.43%) AppDynamics
18 17 (0.37%) Sparx
19 14 (0.30%) ServiceNow