Period
to 20 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 20 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Automated Testing
UK > England
6 months to
20 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 31 31 35
Rank change year-on-year 0 +4 +10
Permanent jobs citing Test Automation 8,818 10,837 10,532
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 6.73% 6.87% 6.37%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.30% 7.48% 6.91%
Number of salaries quoted 6,665 8,540 8,441
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +8.70%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,000
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 120,768 144,926 152,521
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.18% 91.82% 92.24%
Number of salaries quoted 95,749 116,289 122,258
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,375 £28,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Salary trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 20 August 2019.

Salary histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the England region over the 6 months to 20 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 3,533 £65,000 +8.33% 514
South East +1 1,696 £50,000 +5.26% 276
North of England -2 1,496 £45,000 - 328
North West +8 896 £47,500 +11.76% 161
South West +3 853 £45,000 +2.27% 142
Midlands -1 691 £42,500 -5.56% 156
East of England +4 529 £52,000 +9.47% 122
Yorkshire -21 497 £45,000 - 129
West Midlands +5 351 £42,500 -5.56% 74
East Midlands +3 337 £42,000 -1.18% 82
North East +9 101 £40,000 -17.53% 38
Test Automation
UK

For the 6 months to 20 August 2019, IT jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 5,533 (62.75%) Agile Software Development
2 3,101 (35.17%) Java
3 2,973 (33.72%) C#
4 2,830 (32.09%) Selenium
5 2,724 (30.89%) QA
6 2,183 (24.76%) SQL
7 2,010 (22.79%) DevOps
8 1,976 (22.41%) JavaScript
9 1,958 (22.20%) Scrum
10 1,905 (21.60%) Continuous Integration
11 1,860 (21.09%) TDD
12 1,783 (20.22%) BDD
13 1,761 (19.97%) .NET
14 1,648 (18.69%) Python
15 1,644 (18.64%) Finance
16 1,543 (17.50%) Amazon AWS
17 1,510 (17.12%) Microsoft Azure
18 1,482 (16.81%) Git (software)
19 1,477 (16.75%) Software Engineering
20 1,391 (15.77%) JIRA
21 1,357 (15.39%) Cucumber
22 1,340 (15.20%) Jenkins
23 1,178 (13.36%) SDLC
24 1,135 (12.87%) Degree
25 1,092 (12.38%) Software Testing
26 1,055 (11.96%) Linux
27 1,038 (11.77%) Microsoft
28 1,007 (11.42%) Docker
29 998 (11.32%) Mentoring
30 996 (11.30%) Manual Testing

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 458 (5.19%) Confluence
2 152 (1.72%) SharePoint
3 135 (1.53%) Elasticsearch
4 108 (1.22%) Apache Spark
5 102 (1.16%) Apache
6 98 (1.11%) IIS
7 87 (0.99%) CMS
8 83 (0.94%) WebSphere
9 72 (0.82%) Tomcat
10 64 (0.73%) BizTalk Server
11 57 (0.65%) NServiceBus
12 50 (0.57%) nginx
13 41 (0.46%) OpenStack
14 32 (0.36%) Drupal
14 32 (0.36%) SAS
15 31 (0.35%) JBoss
15 31 (0.35%) Sitecore CMS
15 31 (0.35%) WordPress
16 30 (0.34%) Cloud Foundry
17 26 (0.29%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 98 (1.11%) Microsoft Office
2 74 (0.84%) Microsoft Excel
3 26 (0.29%) Chatbot
4 19 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 17 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
6 12 (0.14%) SPSS
7 10 (0.11%) MS Visio
8 7 (0.079%) InfoPath
9 6 (0.068%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 5 (0.057%) CATIA
11 4 (0.045%) FileZilla
11 4 (0.045%) InVision
11 4 (0.045%) Microsoft Project
11 4 (0.045%) Sketch
11 4 (0.045%) Zeplin
12 3 (0.034%) Adobe Premiere
12 3 (0.034%) Photoshop
13 2 (0.023%) SOLIDWORKS
14 1 (0.011%) ArchiCAD
14 1 (0.011%) AutoCAD
Business Applications
1 127 (1.44%) Dynamics CRM
2 45 (0.51%) Payment Gateway
3 19 (0.22%) SAP ERP
4 17 (0.19%) Magento
5 14 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
6 8 (0.091%) Fredhopper
6 8 (0.091%) Misys Midas
7 7 (0.079%) SDL Web 8
8 5 (0.057%) ENOVIA
9 4 (0.045%) Dynamics AX
9 4 (0.045%) FastStats
9 4 (0.045%) RMDS
9 4 (0.045%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 4 (0.045%) SAP S/4HANA
9 4 (0.045%) Siebel CRM
10 3 (0.034%) thinkFolio
11 2 (0.023%) NetSuite
11 2 (0.023%) Oracle EBS
11 2 (0.023%) Remedy ITSM
11 2 (0.023%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 1,543 (17.50%) Amazon AWS
2 1,510 (17.12%) Microsoft Azure
3 371 (4.21%) Google Cloud Platform
3 371 (4.21%) SaaS
4 267 (3.03%) Serverless
5 228 (2.59%) GitHub
6 212 (2.40%) PaaS
7 196 (2.22%) Cloud Computing
8 153 (1.74%) AWS CloudFormation
9 135 (1.53%) AWS Lambda
10 110 (1.25%) Office 365
11 101 (1.15%) IaaS
12 85 (0.96%) BrowserStack
13 80 (0.91%) G Suite
14 79 (0.90%) Slack
15 78 (0.88%) Amazon EC2
16 76 (0.86%) Power Platform
17 74 (0.84%) Amazon S3
18 67 (0.76%) OpenShift
19 59 (0.67%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 163 (1.85%) Broadband
2 145 (1.64%) HTTP
3 108 (1.22%) TCP/IP
4 83 (0.94%) Firewall
5 80 (0.91%) Internet
6 60 (0.68%) DNS
7 48 (0.54%) SSH
8 40 (0.45%) VPN
9 30 (0.34%) HTTPS
9 30 (0.34%) Wireless
10 25 (0.28%) Network Security
11 24 (0.27%) DHCP
12 20 (0.23%) Skype
13 18 (0.20%) IPsec
13 18 (0.20%) RTMP
13 18 (0.20%) SNMP
14 17 (0.19%) Wi-Fi
15 16 (0.18%) Wireshark
16 15 (0.17%) MPLS
17 14 (0.16%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 987 (11.19%) SQL Server
2 435 (4.93%) NoSQL
3 424 (4.81%) MySQL
4 332 (3.77%) Relational Database
5 309 (3.50%) Big Data
6 276 (3.13%) MongoDB
7 198 (2.25%) PostgreSQL
8 157 (1.78%) Data Warehouse
9 131 (1.49%) Hadoop
10 122 (1.38%) Redis
11 105 (1.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 103 (1.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 96 (1.09%) Apache Cassandra
14 86 (0.98%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 76 (0.86%) Power BI
16 69 (0.78%) RDBMS
17 66 (0.75%) Blockchain
17 66 (0.75%) Data Lake
18 62 (0.70%) Oracle Database
19 57 (0.65%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 2,830 (32.09%) Selenium
2 1,482 (16.81%) Git (software)
3 1,391 (15.77%) JIRA
4 1,357 (15.39%) Cucumber
5 1,340 (15.20%) Jenkins
6 943 (10.69%) WebDriver
7 663 (7.52%) SpecFlow
8 533 (6.04%) SoapUI
9 440 (4.99%) TeamCity
10 426 (4.83%) Team Foundation Server
11 422 (4.79%) Visual Studio
12 420 (4.76%) JMeter
13 411 (4.66%) Maven
14 396 (4.49%) JUnit
15 344 (3.90%) Appium
16 260 (2.95%) Visual Studio Team System
17 247 (2.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 230 (2.61%) Octopus Deploy
19 222 (2.52%) Subversion
20 217 (2.46%) Bitbucket
General
1 1,644 (18.64%) Finance
2 514 (5.83%) Retail
3 464 (5.26%) Banking
4 316 (3.58%) Public Sector
5 270 (3.06%) Marketing
6 261 (2.96%) Games
7 250 (2.84%) Telecoms
8 171 (1.94%) Electronics
9 142 (1.61%) Manufacturing
10 127 (1.44%) Front Office
11 111 (1.26%) Law
12 80 (0.91%) Advertising
13 69 (0.78%) Legal
14 63 (0.71%) Investment Banking
15 57 (0.65%) Aerospace
16 52 (0.59%) Financial Institution
17 40 (0.45%) Back Office
18 37 (0.42%) Automotive
19 31 (0.35%) Billing
20 19 (0.22%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,591 (29.38%) Developer
2 1,239 (14.05%) Test Engineer
3 1,016 (11.52%) Analyst
4 968 (10.98%) Tester
5 770 (8.73%) Test Analyst
6 679 (7.70%) Software Engineer
7 676 (7.67%) QA Engineer
8 605 (6.86%) Test Automation Engineer
9 592 (6.71%) Senior Developer
10 549 (6.23%) Automation Tester
11 524 (5.94%) Software Developer
12 446 (5.06%) Java Developer
13 438 (4.97%) Developer in Test
14 434 (4.92%) DevOps Engineer
15 414 (4.69%) C# Developer
16 384 (4.35%) .NET Developer
17 309 (3.50%) Software Test Engineer
18 302 (3.42%) Automation Test Analyst
18 302 (3.42%) Test Leader
19 278 (3.15%) Senior Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,761 (19.97%) .NET
2 942 (10.68%) HTML
3 871 (9.88%) CSS
4 859 (9.74%) Web Services
5 845 (9.58%) REST
6 741 (8.40%) AngularJS
7 735 (8.34%) Node.js
8 717 (8.13%) React
9 644 (7.30%) RESTful
10 473 (5.36%) SOAP
11 470 (5.33%) Spring
12 454 (5.15%) ASP.NET
13 448 (5.08%) .NET Framework
13 448 (5.08%) Gherkin
14 400 (4.54%) JSON
15 392 (4.45%) XML
16 318 (3.61%) .NET Core
17 316 (3.58%) ASP.NET Web API
18 315 (3.57%) HTML5
19 254 (2.88%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 637 (7.22%) Analytical Skills
2 544 (6.17%) Mobile App
3 510 (5.78%) User Experience
4 288 (3.27%) Greenfield Project
4 288 (3.27%) Self-Motivation
5 243 (2.76%) Algorithms
6 196 (2.22%) Enterprise Software
7 141 (1.60%) Data Structures
8 128 (1.45%) Virtual Team
9 125 (1.42%) Linux Command Line
10 118 (1.34%) Public Cloud
11 116 (1.32%) Cloud Native
12 93 (1.05%) Management Information System
13 74 (0.84%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 73 (0.83%) Client/Server
14 73 (0.83%) Fixed Income
15 60 (0.68%) Robotics
16 59 (0.67%) Embedded Systems
17 58 (0.66%) N-Tier
18 55 (0.62%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 1,055 (11.96%) Linux
2 742 (8.41%) Windows
3 400 (4.54%) Android
4 324 (3.67%) Apple iOS
5 265 (3.01%) Unix
6 93 (1.05%) Windows Server
7 79 (0.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 75 (0.85%) CentOS
8 75 (0.85%) Ubuntu
9 44 (0.50%) Mac OS
10 26 (0.29%) Mesosphere
10 26 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
11 20 (0.23%) SUSE
12 16 (0.18%) Windows 10
13 13 (0.15%) Mac OS X
14 12 (0.14%) Debian
15 10 (0.11%) Fedora
15 10 (0.11%) zOS
16 8 (0.091%) Embedded Linux
16 8 (0.091%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,533 (62.75%) Agile Software Development
2 2,010 (22.79%) DevOps
3 1,958 (22.20%) Scrum
4 1,905 (21.60%) Continuous Integration
5 1,860 (21.09%) TDD
6 1,783 (20.22%) BDD
7 1,477 (16.75%) Software Engineering
8 1,178 (13.36%) SDLC
9 1,092 (12.38%) Software Testing
10 998 (11.32%) Mentoring
11 996 (11.30%) Manual Testing
12 968 (10.98%) Test Scripting
13 905 (10.26%) Microservices
14 885 (10.04%) Problem-Solving
15 844 (9.57%) Test Strategy
16 782 (8.87%) Computer Science
17 762 (8.64%) OO
18 673 (7.63%) SDET
19 629 (7.13%) Continuous Delivery
20 601 (6.82%) API Testing
Programming Languages
1 3,101 (35.17%) Java
2 2,973 (33.72%) C#
3 2,183 (24.76%) SQL
4 1,976 (22.41%) JavaScript
5 1,648 (18.69%) Python
6 565 (6.41%) C++
7 559 (6.34%) Ruby
8 499 (5.66%) PHP
9 388 (4.40%) PowerShell
10 372 (4.22%) C
11 310 (3.52%) Bash Shell
12 281 (3.19%) T-SQL
13 270 (3.06%) TypeScript
14 240 (2.72%) Go
15 206 (2.34%) Scala
16 182 (2.06%) Java 8
17 156 (1.77%) ES6
18 114 (1.29%) Perl
19 96 (1.09%) Shell Script
20 94 (1.07%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 1,135 (12.87%) Degree
2 813 (9.22%) ISTQB
3 493 (5.59%) ISEB
4 405 (4.59%) Computer Science Degree
5 394 (4.47%) Security Cleared
6 288 (3.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 195 (2.21%) SC Cleared
8 133 (1.51%) DV Cleared
9 50 (0.57%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 34 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
11 32 (0.36%) AWS Certification
12 29 (0.33%) Cisco Certification
13 28 (0.32%) CCNA
14 23 (0.26%) SANS
15 22 (0.25%) CISSP
16 19 (0.22%) MCSE
16 19 (0.22%) PhD
17 18 (0.20%) Master's Degree
18 17 (0.19%) BPSS Clearance
19 15 (0.17%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,724 (30.89%) QA
2 57 (0.65%) GDPR
3 35 (0.40%) Data Quality
4 22 (0.25%) DICOM
5 18 (0.20%) PCI DSS
6 16 (0.18%) PSD2
7 15 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 10 (0.11%) SEPA
9 8 (0.091%) Def Stans
9 8 (0.091%) ISO 20022
9 8 (0.091%) ISO 8583
9 8 (0.091%) ISO 9001
9 8 (0.091%) TickIT
10 7 (0.079%) EMIR
11 6 (0.068%) MiFID
11 6 (0.068%) NIST
12 5 (0.057%) NCSC
12 5 (0.057%) PMO
12 5 (0.057%) WAI
13 4 (0.045%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 1,007 (11.42%) Docker
2 91 (1.03%) Active Directory
3 65 (0.74%) VMware Infrastructure
4 54 (0.61%) Virtual Machines
5 40 (0.45%) Firmware
6 32 (0.36%) vSphere
7 28 (0.32%) Varnish
8 25 (0.28%) Hyper-V
9 23 (0.26%) oVirt
9 23 (0.26%) VirtualBox
10 22 (0.25%) RHEV
11 13 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
12 12 (0.14%) Xen
13 11 (0.12%) NFS
14 10 (0.11%) Samba
15 9 (0.10%) GridGain
15 9 (0.10%) HDFS
16 8 (0.091%) Virtual Servers
17 5 (0.057%) XenDesktop
18 4 (0.045%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 620 (7.03%) Kubernetes
2 413 (4.68%) Ansible
3 412 (4.67%) Terraform
4 363 (4.12%) Puppet
5 278 (3.15%) Opscode Chef
6 156 (1.77%) HP Quality Center
7 70 (0.79%) HP ALM
8 69 (0.78%) Packer
9 57 (0.65%) Nagios
10 51 (0.58%) ZABBIX
11 49 (0.56%) Prometheus
12 40 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
12 40 (0.45%) Kibana
13 39 (0.44%) CA Service Virtualization
14 38 (0.43%) Mesos
15 29 (0.33%) Consul
16 28 (0.32%) SCCM
17 26 (0.29%) Automic
18 24 (0.27%) Marathon
19 20 (0.23%) HP SiteScope
Vendors
1 1,038 (11.77%) Microsoft
2 426 (4.83%) Oracle
3 338 (3.83%) Google
4 171 (1.94%) Atlassian
5 165 (1.87%) SAP
6 152 (1.72%) HP
7 133 (1.51%) WorldPay
8 94 (1.07%) Salesforce.com
9 88 (1.00%) VMware
10 79 (0.90%) Cypress Semiconductor
11 74 (0.84%) Splunk
12 69 (0.78%) Tableau
13 67 (0.76%) IBM
14 62 (0.70%) Nintex
15 53 (0.60%) Sitecore
16 50 (0.57%) Pega
17 49 (0.56%) CA
18 44 (0.50%) Red Hat
19 39 (0.44%) Facebook
20 38 (0.43%) Adobe