Period
to 14 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 14 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Automated Testing
UK > England
6 months to
14 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 35 32 33
Rank change year-on-year -3 +1 +1
Permanent jobs citing Test Automation 5,814 5,259 9,038
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 6.50% 6.83% 6.80%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.97% 7.39% 7.36%
Number of salaries quoted 4,065 4,168 6,816
10th Percentile £37,485 £33,750 £32,500
25th Percentile £43,750 £41,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +10.00% -
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £67,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,875 £80,000
UK median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% -

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 83,444 71,125 122,746
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 93.30% 92.43% 92.31%
Number of salaries quoted 59,488 57,684 98,151
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,250 £41,250 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Salary trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 14 June 2021.

Salary histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the England region over the 6 months to 14 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +5 2,888 £70,000 +3.70% 370
South East -7 1,059 £51,750 +3.50% 135
North of England -18 788 £46,000 +2.22% 164
Yorkshire -6 427 £47,500 +5.56% 62
South West -22 423 £50,000 +11.11% 68
Midlands -24 379 £47,500 +5.56% 84
North West -22 319 £45,000 -5.26% 90
West Midlands -11 256 £52,500 +10.53% 56
East of England -4 185 £60,000 +20.00% 56
East Midlands -32 122 £46,250 +2.78% 28
North East -31 43 £45,000 - 12
Test Automation
UK

For the 6 months to 14 June 2021, IT jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 3,579 (61.56%) Agile Software Development
2 1,878 (32.30%) Java
3 1,852 (31.85%) DevOps
4 1,812 (31.17%) JavaScript
5 1,697 (29.19%) QA
6 1,665 (28.64%) C#
7 1,507 (25.92%) Selenium
8 1,440 (24.77%) AWS
9 1,433 (24.65%) Azure
10 1,379 (23.72%) SQL
11 1,329 (22.86%) Social Skills
12 1,244 (21.40%) Microservices
13 1,213 (20.86%) TDD
14 1,212 (20.85%) Software Engineering
15 1,187 (20.42%) Continuous Integration
16 1,175 (20.21%) Software Testing
17 1,158 (19.92%) Docker
18 1,156 (19.88%) Python
19 1,102 (18.95%) Scrum
20 1,090 (18.75%) Finance
21 1,075 (18.49%) BDD
22 1,052 (18.09%) .NET
23 980 (16.86%) Git (software)
24 894 (15.38%) JIRA
25 862 (14.83%) Jenkins
26 853 (14.67%) Kubernetes
27 831 (14.29%) React
28 807 (13.88%) Degree
29 793 (13.64%) Mentoring
30 777 (13.36%) REST

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 359 (6.17%) Confluence
2 124 (2.13%) Elasticsearch
3 119 (2.05%) SharePoint
4 83 (1.43%) CMS
5 70 (1.20%) Apache Spark
6 68 (1.17%) Apache
7 35 (0.60%) WordPress
8 27 (0.46%) Oracle Workflow
9 23 (0.40%) WebSphere
10 22 (0.38%) Apache Airflow
10 22 (0.38%) IIS
11 21 (0.36%) Oracle Coherence
12 20 (0.34%) Tomcat
13 19 (0.33%) EPiServer
13 19 (0.33%) nginx
14 14 (0.24%) Drupal
14 14 (0.24%) GemFire
14 14 (0.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 12 (0.21%) Headless CMS
16 11 (0.19%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 50 (0.86%) Microsoft Office
2 39 (0.67%) InVision
3 36 (0.62%) Microsoft Excel
4 27 (0.46%) Sketch
5 19 (0.33%) Figma
5 19 (0.33%) Photoshop
6 13 (0.22%) MS Visio
7 8 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 8 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
7 8 (0.14%) SOLIDWORKS
7 8 (0.14%) Zemax
7 8 (0.14%) Zeplin
8 3 (0.052%) Spreadsheet
9 2 (0.034%) Chatbot
9 2 (0.034%) Mingle
10 1 (0.017%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.017%) EngageOne
10 1 (0.017%) Final Cut Pro
10 1 (0.017%) PrintSoft PReS
Business Applications
1 87 (1.50%) Dynamics CRM
2 37 (0.64%) Distributed Ledger
3 18 (0.31%) Magento
4 13 (0.22%) NetSuite
5 11 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
5 11 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
6 8 (0.14%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
6 8 (0.14%) R3 Corda
7 4 (0.069%) SAP S/4HANA
7 4 (0.069%) Sentinel
8 3 (0.052%) Oracle ERP
8 3 (0.052%) Oracle Receivables
8 3 (0.052%) PeopleSoft HCM
8 3 (0.052%) SAP CO
8 3 (0.052%) SAP FI
8 3 (0.052%) SAP FI/CO
9 2 (0.034%) Northgate Housing
9 2 (0.034%) Oracle BPM
9 2 (0.034%) Oracle Payables
9 2 (0.034%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,440 (24.77%) AWS
2 1,433 (24.65%) Azure
3 418 (7.19%) Serverless
4 408 (7.02%) SaaS
5 352 (6.05%) GCP
6 290 (4.99%) GitHub
7 176 (3.03%) AWS Lambda
8 138 (2.37%) AWS CloudFormation
9 132 (2.27%) PaaS
10 122 (2.10%) Power Platform
11 116 (2.00%) Amazon S3
12 109 (1.87%) Azure Service Bus
13 94 (1.62%) Cloud Computing
14 84 (1.44%) Azure Service Fabric
15 80 (1.38%) Azure Active Directory
16 75 (1.29%) Azure Functions
17 74 (1.27%) Azure Key Vault
18 72 (1.24%) Azure Storage
19 64 (1.10%) Amazon SQS
19 64 (1.10%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 253 (4.35%) HTTP
2 82 (1.41%) Internet
3 80 (1.38%) Broadband
4 78 (1.34%) TCP/IP
5 56 (0.96%) Wireshark
6 47 (0.81%) HTTPS
7 46 (0.79%) Wireless
8 44 (0.76%) 802.11
9 42 (0.72%) Wi-Fi
10 40 (0.69%) Ethernet
11 39 (0.67%) MQTT
11 39 (0.67%) STUN
12 27 (0.46%) DNS
13 22 (0.38%) 5G
14 20 (0.34%) VoIP
15 15 (0.26%) RTP
15 15 (0.26%) Skype
16 14 (0.24%) Network Security
17 12 (0.21%) 4G
17 12 (0.21%) Firewall
Database & Business Intelligence
1 572 (9.84%) SQL Server
2 472 (8.12%) NoSQL
3 409 (7.03%) Relational Database
4 335 (5.76%) PostgreSQL
5 322 (5.54%) MongoDB
6 262 (4.51%) MySQL
7 189 (3.25%) Big Data
8 138 (2.37%) Redis
9 130 (2.24%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 97 (1.67%) RDBMS
11 84 (1.44%) Power BI
12 73 (1.26%) Oracle Database
13 72 (1.24%) Data Warehouse
14 66 (1.14%) Hadoop
15 60 (1.03%) Blockchain
16 58 (1.00%) Apache Cassandra
16 58 (1.00%) Azure SQL Database
17 57 (0.98%) Data Lake
18 55 (0.95%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 50 (0.86%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 1,507 (25.92%) Selenium
2 980 (16.86%) Git (software)
3 894 (15.38%) JIRA
4 862 (14.83%) Jenkins
5 698 (12.01%) Cucumber
6 443 (7.62%) Postman
7 439 (7.55%) Cypress.io
8 374 (6.43%) SpecFlow
9 347 (5.97%) WebDriver
10 316 (5.44%) JMeter
11 242 (4.16%) JUnit
12 227 (3.90%) GitLab
13 204 (3.51%) TeamCity
14 186 (3.20%) Appium
15 170 (2.92%) SoapUI
16 166 (2.86%) Team Foundation Server
17 151 (2.60%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 147 (2.53%) Maven
18 147 (2.53%) Visual Studio Team System
19 146 (2.51%) Visual Studio
General
1 1,329 (22.86%) Social Skills
2 1,090 (18.75%) Finance
3 386 (6.64%) Analytical Skills
4 352 (6.05%) Banking
5 275 (4.73%) Retail
6 188 (3.23%) Games
7 175 (3.01%) Marketing
8 149 (2.56%) Legal
9 140 (2.41%) Public Sector
10 134 (2.30%) Law
11 133 (2.29%) Telecoms
12 78 (1.34%) Electronics
13 72 (1.24%) Presentation Skills
14 71 (1.22%) Influencing Skills
15 68 (1.17%) Advertising
16 62 (1.07%) Organisational Skills
17 57 (0.98%) Manufacturing
18 56 (0.96%) Publishing
19 52 (0.89%) Automotive
20 50 (0.86%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 1,709 (29.39%) Developer
2 608 (10.46%) Software Engineer
3 550 (9.46%) Test Engineer
4 485 (8.34%) Senior Developer
5 481 (8.27%) Tester
6 425 (7.31%) QA Engineer
7 288 (4.95%) DevOps Engineer
7 288 (4.95%) Test Automation Engineer
8 283 (4.87%) Analyst
9 269 (4.63%) Automation Tester
10 263 (4.52%) Automation Engineer
11 262 (4.51%) Software Developer
12 251 (4.32%) C# Developer
13 241 (4.15%) Senior Software Engineer
14 238 (4.09%) Full Stack Developer
15 236 (4.06%) Java Developer
16 233 (4.01%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 216 (3.72%) Test Analyst
18 200 (3.44%) .NET Developer
19 193 (3.32%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,052 (18.09%) .NET
2 831 (14.29%) React
3 777 (13.36%) REST
4 747 (12.85%) CSS
4 747 (12.85%) Node.js
5 675 (11.61%) HTML
6 621 (10.68%) RESTful
7 574 (9.87%) Web Services
8 546 (9.39%) AngularJS
9 414 (7.12%) .NET Core
10 391 (6.73%) Spring
11 387 (6.66%) Kafka
12 339 (5.83%) GraphQL
13 314 (5.40%) HTML5
14 310 (5.33%) .NET Framework
15 259 (4.45%) JSON
16 248 (4.27%) SOAP
17 245 (4.21%) Gherkin
18 238 (4.09%) ASP.NET Web API
19 237 (4.08%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 459 (7.89%) User Experience
2 347 (5.97%) Mobile App
3 230 (3.96%) Self-Motivation
4 208 (3.58%) Greenfield Project
5 179 (3.08%) Algorithms
6 115 (1.98%) Virtual Team
7 113 (1.94%) Cloud Native
8 109 (1.87%) N-Tier
9 107 (1.84%) Data Structures
10 89 (1.53%) Enterprise Software
11 71 (1.22%) Cyberattack
12 70 (1.20%) Blog
13 59 (1.01%) NHS
14 51 (0.88%) Management Information System
15 49 (0.84%) Social Media
16 45 (0.77%) Public Cloud
17 44 (0.76%) Derivative
18 43 (0.74%) Reinsurance
19 40 (0.69%) Linux Command Line
20 31 (0.53%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 659 (11.33%) Linux
2 334 (5.74%) Windows
3 230 (3.96%) Android
4 188 (3.23%) Apple iOS
5 183 (3.15%) Unix
6 68 (1.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 62 (1.07%) CentOS
8 14 (0.24%) Windows Server
9 12 (0.21%) Embedded Linux
10 9 (0.15%) Ubuntu
10 9 (0.15%) VMS
11 6 (0.10%) Debian
12 5 (0.086%) Kali Linux
13 4 (0.069%) Mac OS X
13 4 (0.069%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (0.052%) Mac OS
14 3 (0.052%) Windows 10
14 3 (0.052%) zOS
15 2 (0.034%) Fedora
16 1 (0.017%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,579 (61.56%) Agile Software Development
2 1,852 (31.85%) DevOps
3 1,244 (21.40%) Microservices
4 1,213 (20.86%) TDD
5 1,212 (20.85%) Software Engineering
6 1,187 (20.42%) Continuous Integration
7 1,175 (20.21%) Software Testing
8 1,102 (18.95%) Scrum
9 1,075 (18.49%) BDD
10 793 (13.64%) Mentoring
11 637 (10.96%) Problem-Solving
12 632 (10.87%) SDLC
13 603 (10.37%) Fintech
14 560 (9.63%) OO
15 525 (9.03%) Computer Science
16 484 (8.32%) Continuous Improvement
17 482 (8.29%) SDET
18 436 (7.50%) Unit Testing
19 429 (7.38%) Manual Testing
20 414 (7.12%) API Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,878 (32.30%) Java
2 1,812 (31.17%) JavaScript
3 1,665 (28.64%) C#
4 1,379 (23.72%) SQL
5 1,156 (19.88%) Python
6 590 (10.15%) TypeScript
7 303 (5.21%) C++
8 241 (4.15%) C
9 228 (3.92%) PowerShell
10 199 (3.42%) Go
11 198 (3.41%) Ruby
12 196 (3.37%) PHP
13 184 (3.16%) T-SQL
14 157 (2.70%) Scala
15 155 (2.67%) Java 8
16 152 (2.61%) Bash Shell
17 141 (2.43%) Kotlin
18 136 (2.34%) ES6
19 115 (1.98%) Shell Script
20 68 (1.17%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 807 (13.88%) Degree
2 272 (4.68%) ISTQB
3 267 (4.59%) Security Cleared
4 232 (3.99%) Computer Science Degree
5 194 (3.34%) SC Cleared
6 128 (2.20%) ISEB
7 118 (2.03%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 52 (0.89%) DV Cleared
9 41 (0.71%) Master's Degree
10 36 (0.62%) SANS
11 27 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
12 26 (0.45%) AWS Certification
13 25 (0.43%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 22 (0.38%) HND
15 19 (0.33%) HNC
16 17 (0.29%) Oracle Certification
17 14 (0.24%) OCP
17 14 (0.24%) PhD
18 13 (0.22%) Cisco Certification
19 12 (0.21%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,697 (29.19%) QA
2 128 (2.20%) Accessibility
3 54 (0.93%) Data Quality
4 34 (0.58%) WCAG
5 28 (0.48%) GDPR
6 25 (0.43%) PMO
7 10 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 10 (0.17%) MISRA
7 10 (0.17%) MISRA C
8 7 (0.12%) ISO 9001
8 7 (0.12%) SLA
9 6 (0.10%) PSD2
10 5 (0.086%) Def Stans
10 5 (0.086%) NIST
11 4 (0.069%) GRC
11 4 (0.069%) IEC 61508
11 4 (0.069%) IEC 62304
11 4 (0.069%) ISO 26262
12 3 (0.052%) ISO 20022
12 3 (0.052%) NIST 800
System Software
1 1,158 (19.92%) Docker
2 76 (1.31%) Active Directory
3 31 (0.53%) VMware Infrastructure
4 27 (0.46%) NDS
4 27 (0.46%) NetIQ eDirectory
5 25 (0.43%) Firmware
6 15 (0.26%) HDFS
7 12 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
8 11 (0.19%) KVM
8 11 (0.19%) LXC
9 7 (0.12%) ISA Server
10 6 (0.10%) Hyper-V
10 6 (0.10%) vSphere
11 5 (0.086%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 4 (0.069%) Kamailio
12 4 (0.069%) OpenSIPS
12 4 (0.069%) Snort
13 3 (0.052%) Microsoft Virtual Server
13 3 (0.052%) VMware ESXi
13 3 (0.052%) Xen
Systems Management
1 853 (14.67%) Kubernetes
2 477 (8.20%) Terraform
3 346 (5.95%) Ansible
4 246 (4.23%) Opscode Chef
5 175 (3.01%) Puppet
6 72 (1.24%) Prometheus
7 71 (1.22%) Kibana
8 57 (0.98%) Grafana
9 49 (0.84%) HP Quality Center
10 41 (0.71%) Graylog
11 28 (0.48%) Packer
12 27 (0.46%) Istio
12 27 (0.46%) NetIQ Identity Manager
13 26 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
14 18 (0.31%) Mesos
15 13 (0.22%) Fortio
15 13 (0.22%) Kiali
16 12 (0.21%) Rancher
17 11 (0.19%) Hadoop YARN
18 10 (0.17%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 554 (9.53%) Microsoft
2 291 (5.01%) Oracle
3 196 (3.37%) Google
4 93 (1.60%) IBM
5 85 (1.46%) Salesforce.com
6 84 (1.44%) VMware
7 77 (1.32%) SAP
8 70 (1.20%) Nintex
9 69 (1.19%) Splunk
10 67 (1.15%) Atlassian
11 64 (1.10%) Xamarin
12 56 (0.96%) Red Hat
13 52 (0.89%) HP
14 47 (0.81%) Samsung
15 31 (0.53%) Apple
16 30 (0.52%) Dynatrace
16 30 (0.52%) ForgeRock
17 28 (0.48%) ServiceNow
18 27 (0.46%) AppDynamics
18 27 (0.46%) NetIQ