Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 12 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Automated Testing
UK > England
6 months to
12 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 32 38 35
Rank change year-on-year +6 -3 -4
Permanent jobs citing Test Automation 11,626 6,811 3,852
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 8.17% 6.73% 6.61%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 8.54% 7.14% 7.09%
Number of salaries quoted 5,303 4,364 3,148
10th Percentile £37,500 £37,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £45,000 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £82,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £53,500
% change year-on-year +4.35% +7.48% +7.00%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 136,198 95,330 54,355
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 95.74% 94.24% 93.22%
Number of salaries quoted 74,724 65,514 44,583
10th Percentile £34,250 £32,750 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £93,750 £91,250
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,600 £55,000
% change year-on-year +7.91% +1.09% +4.76%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Salary trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Salary histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the England region over the 6 months to 12 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +5 6,822 £70,000 - 373
South East +8 1,793 £57,500 +9.52% 135
North of England +3 1,236 £52,500 +10.53% 162
Midlands +9 682 £50,000 +5.26% 76
North West +13 659 £55,000 +20.22% 89
South West +7 612 £52,500 +10.53% 94
Yorkshire -6 517 £52,500 +5.00% 44
West Midlands +9 461 £52,500 +5.00% 47
East of England +16 365 £51,500 -14.17% 85
East Midlands +2 221 £45,000 - 29
North East +1 61 £55,000 +23.60% 29
Test Automation
UK

For the 6 months to 12 August 2022, IT jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 7,672 (65.99%) Agile
2 4,176 (35.92%) CI/CD
3 3,942 (33.91%) Java
4 3,891 (33.47%) JavaScript
5 3,728 (32.07%) DevOps
6 3,716 (31.96%) Finance
7 3,516 (30.24%) AWS
8 3,322 (28.57%) QA
9 3,288 (28.28%) Software Engineering
10 3,267 (28.10%) Python
11 3,054 (26.27%) SQL
12 3,014 (25.92%) Azure
13 2,849 (24.51%) Git (software)
14 2,840 (24.43%) Social Skills
15 2,751 (23.66%) C#
16 2,645 (22.75%) Software Testing
17 2,621 (22.54%) TDD
18 2,535 (21.80%) Microservices
19 2,415 (20.77%) Docker
20 2,409 (20.72%) Scrum
21 2,308 (19.85%) React
22 2,240 (19.27%) .NET
23 2,222 (19.11%) Selenium
24 2,200 (18.92%) Jenkins
25 2,151 (18.50%) Continuous Integration
26 2,116 (18.20%) Kubernetes
27 2,110 (18.15%) Problem-Solving
28 2,040 (17.55%) Mentoring
29 2,022 (17.39%) BDD
30 1,984 (17.07%) Node.js

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 499 (4.29%) Confluence
2 425 (3.66%) Apache Spark
3 189 (1.63%) IIS
4 164 (1.41%) CMS
5 146 (1.26%) Tomcat
6 128 (1.10%) Apache
7 126 (1.08%) Apache Airflow
8 116 (1.00%) JBoss
9 115 (0.99%) SharePoint
10 96 (0.83%) WordPress
11 69 (0.59%) Cloud Foundry
12 57 (0.49%) Apache Pulsar
13 55 (0.47%) Drupal
14 47 (0.40%) OpenStack
15 45 (0.39%) BizTalk Server
16 40 (0.34%) Jupyter
17 38 (0.33%) nginx
18 32 (0.28%) Headless CMS
19 30 (0.26%) Ethereum
20 28 (0.24%) IBM Domino
Applications
1 138 (1.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 113 (0.97%) Microsoft Office
3 47 (0.40%) Photoshop
4 41 (0.35%) Simulink
5 33 (0.28%) Sketch
6 23 (0.20%) Chatbot
7 21 (0.18%) MS Visio
8 17 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 8 (0.069%) Maple
9 8 (0.069%) Microsoft Project
10 7 (0.060%) Campfire
11 6 (0.052%) SketchUp
12 4 (0.034%) Adobe Premiere
12 4 (0.034%) Adobe XD
12 4 (0.034%) Spreadsheet
13 2 (0.017%) Adobe Illustrator
14 1 (0.009%) LaTeX
14 1 (0.009%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 55 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
2 39 (0.34%) Magento
3 35 (0.30%) Payment Gateway
4 20 (0.17%) WebTrends
5 14 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
6 13 (0.11%) Ripple
6 13 (0.11%) Ripple XRP
7 12 (0.10%) Shopify
8 10 (0.086%) Dynamics AX
9 9 (0.077%) Dynamics NAV
9 9 (0.077%) Fidessa
9 9 (0.077%) NetSuite
10 8 (0.069%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
11 3 (0.026%) Distributed Ledger
11 3 (0.026%) Primavera
12 2 (0.017%) PeopleSoft Financials
12 2 (0.017%) R3 Corda
12 2 (0.017%) SAP FI
12 2 (0.017%) SAP S/4HANA
12 2 (0.017%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 3,516 (30.24%) AWS
2 3,014 (25.92%) Azure
3 1,172 (10.08%) Serverless
4 1,133 (9.75%) GCP
5 1,095 (9.42%) GitHub
6 860 (7.40%) Azure DevOps
7 681 (5.86%) AWS Lambda
8 680 (5.85%) SaaS
9 497 (4.27%) OpenShift
10 297 (2.55%) Cloud Functions
11 280 (2.41%) Cloud Computing
12 265 (2.28%) AWS CloudFormation
13 256 (2.20%) PaaS
14 219 (1.88%) Amazon S3
15 217 (1.87%) Amazon EC2
16 209 (1.80%) npm
17 202 (1.74%) AWS CodePipeline
18 195 (1.68%) Amazon ECS
19 183 (1.57%) GitHub Actions
20 161 (1.38%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 539 (4.64%) Internet
2 492 (4.23%) HTTP
3 214 (1.84%) Broadband
4 184 (1.58%) TCP/IP
5 166 (1.43%) Firewall
6 115 (0.99%) DNS
7 86 (0.74%) 5G
8 83 (0.71%) Wireshark
9 82 (0.71%) DHCP
10 52 (0.45%) VoIP
11 51 (0.44%) WAN
12 40 (0.34%) Wi-Fi
13 38 (0.33%) Bluetooth
14 33 (0.28%) SD-WAN
14 33 (0.28%) SSL
15 32 (0.28%) FTP
15 32 (0.28%) Network Security
15 32 (0.28%) Wireless
16 30 (0.26%) PPP
17 28 (0.24%) SNA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,325 (11.40%) PostgreSQL
2 1,265 (10.88%) NoSQL
3 1,010 (8.69%) SQL Server
4 959 (8.25%) MySQL
5 773 (6.65%) MongoDB
6 770 (6.62%) Relational Database
7 399 (3.43%) Big Data
8 389 (3.35%) Redis
9 337 (2.90%) Apache Cassandra
10 273 (2.35%) Elasticsearch
11 266 (2.29%) Flink
12 255 (2.19%) Hadoop
13 232 (2.00%) DynamoDB
14 225 (1.94%) Amazon Aurora
15 217 (1.87%) Data Warehouse
16 140 (1.20%) Amazon Athena
17 135 (1.16%) Power BI
18 115 (0.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 114 (0.98%) Amazon RDS
20 105 (0.90%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 2,849 (24.51%) Git (software)
2 2,222 (19.11%) Selenium
3 2,200 (18.92%) Jenkins
4 1,651 (14.20%) JIRA
5 1,061 (9.13%) Cucumber
6 859 (7.39%) Postman
7 795 (6.84%) Cypress.io
8 681 (5.86%) SpecFlow
9 612 (5.26%) GitLab
10 521 (4.48%) JUnit
11 463 (3.98%) Maven
12 461 (3.97%) WebDriver
13 427 (3.67%) JMeter
14 412 (3.54%) Subversion
15 374 (3.22%) TeamCity
16 367 (3.16%) Appium
17 348 (2.99%) Gradle
18 323 (2.78%) webpack
19 320 (2.75%) CircleCI
20 296 (2.55%) Bitbucket
General
1 3,716 (31.96%) Finance
2 2,840 (24.43%) Social Skills
3 1,035 (8.90%) Analytical Skills
4 992 (8.53%) Banking
5 953 (8.20%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 784 (6.74%) Retail
7 698 (6.00%) Games
8 645 (5.55%) Manufacturing
9 442 (3.80%) Marketing
10 392 (3.37%) Public Sector
11 387 (3.33%) Automotive
12 375 (3.23%) Law
13 283 (2.43%) Legal
14 259 (2.23%) Telecoms
15 247 (2.12%) Electronics
16 200 (1.72%) Presentation Skills
17 191 (1.64%) Organisational Skills
18 158 (1.36%) Advertising
19 142 (1.22%) Financial Institution
20 129 (1.11%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 2,840 (24.43%) Developer
2 1,916 (16.48%) Software Engineer
3 948 (8.15%) Test Engineer
4 926 (7.96%) QA Engineer
5 759 (6.53%) Senior Developer
6 726 (6.24%) Tester
7 640 (5.50%) Analyst
8 636 (5.47%) Senior Software Engineer
9 532 (4.58%) Software Developer
10 500 (4.30%) Java Engineer
11 463 (3.98%) DevOps Engineer
12 401 (3.45%) Automation Tester
13 368 (3.17%) Test Analyst
14 361 (3.11%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 352 (3.03%) Full Stack Developer
16 341 (2.93%) Test Automation Engineer
17 340 (2.92%) Automation Engineer
18 339 (2.92%) Java Developer
19 318 (2.74%) Senior Java Engineer
20 307 (2.64%) Software Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,308 (19.85%) React
2 2,240 (19.27%) .NET
3 1,984 (17.07%) Node.js
4 1,654 (14.23%) REST
5 1,484 (12.76%) RESTful
6 1,482 (12.75%) CSS
7 1,430 (12.30%) HTML
8 858 (7.38%) Kafka
9 849 (7.30%) AngularJS
10 827 (7.11%) Spring
11 719 (6.18%) Web Services
12 718 (6.18%) GraphQL
13 664 (5.71%) JSON
14 662 (5.69%) .NET Core
15 606 (5.21%) Jest
16 542 (4.66%) ASP.NET
17 535 (4.60%) Spring Boot
18 520 (4.47%) Redux
19 515 (4.43%) Vue.js
20 468 (4.03%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 1,168 (10.05%) User Experience
2 867 (7.46%) Mobile App
3 661 (5.69%) Cloud Native
4 563 (4.84%) Algorithms
5 516 (4.44%) Life Science
6 483 (4.15%) Self-Motivation
7 440 (3.78%) Data Structures
8 431 (3.71%) Linux Command Line
9 376 (3.23%) Public Cloud
10 328 (2.82%) Greenfield Project
11 295 (2.54%) Virtual Team
12 249 (2.14%) Social Media
13 235 (2.02%) Blog
14 231 (1.99%) Enterprise Software
15 206 (1.77%) Hackathon
16 195 (1.68%) Cyberattack
17 135 (1.16%) Social Network
18 133 (1.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 125 (1.08%) Cyber Defence
20 123 (1.06%) Sports Betting
Operating Systems
1 1,339 (11.52%) Linux
2 749 (6.44%) Android
3 736 (6.33%) Windows
4 644 (5.54%) Apple iOS
5 552 (4.75%) Unix
6 169 (1.45%) Windows Server
7 105 (0.90%) VMS
8 78 (0.67%) Ubuntu
9 58 (0.50%) CentOS
10 56 (0.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 26 (0.22%) Embedded Linux
11 26 (0.22%) Kali Linux
12 19 (0.16%) AIX
13 17 (0.15%) Windows 10
14 9 (0.077%) Debian
14 9 (0.077%) Solaris
15 8 (0.069%) Mac OS
15 8 (0.069%) Mac OS X
15 8 (0.069%) Windows Server 2012
16 7 (0.060%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,672 (65.99%) Agile
2 4,176 (35.92%) CI/CD
3 3,728 (32.07%) DevOps
4 3,288 (28.28%) Software Engineering
5 2,645 (22.75%) Software Testing
6 2,621 (22.54%) TDD
7 2,535 (21.80%) Microservices
8 2,409 (20.72%) Scrum
9 2,151 (18.50%) Continuous Integration
10 2,110 (18.15%) Problem-Solving
11 2,040 (17.55%) Mentoring
12 2,022 (17.39%) BDD
13 1,552 (13.35%) Full Stack Development
14 1,425 (12.26%) SDLC
15 1,351 (11.62%) Test Strategy
16 1,315 (11.31%) Coaching
17 1,202 (10.34%) Computer Science
18 1,062 (9.13%) API Testing
19 1,037 (8.92%) Manual Testing
20 1,009 (8.68%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 3,942 (33.91%) Java
2 3,891 (33.47%) JavaScript
3 3,267 (28.10%) Python
4 3,054 (26.27%) SQL
5 2,751 (23.66%) C#
6 1,675 (14.41%) TypeScript
7 722 (6.21%) C++
8 612 (5.26%) PowerShell
9 598 (5.14%) Ruby
10 590 (5.07%) PHP
11 443 (3.81%) C
12 420 (3.61%) Kotlin
12 420 (3.61%) Scala
13 415 (3.57%) Go
14 401 (3.45%) Shell Script
15 353 (3.04%) ES6
16 351 (3.02%) Bash
17 322 (2.77%) Perl
18 186 (1.60%) Groovy
19 175 (1.51%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 1,916 (16.48%) Degree
2 566 (4.87%) ISTQB
3 516 (4.44%) Computer Science Degree
4 399 (3.43%) Security Cleared
5 247 (2.12%) Master's Degree
6 233 (2.00%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 219 (1.88%) ISEB
8 211 (1.81%) SC Cleared
9 81 (0.70%) Numerate Degree
10 56 (0.48%) DV Cleared
11 47 (0.40%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 43 (0.37%) AWS Certification
13 39 (0.34%) OCP
13 39 (0.34%) Oracle Certification
14 36 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
15 31 (0.27%) Postgraduate
16 22 (0.19%) DBS Check
17 21 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
18 17 (0.15%) ITIL Certification
18 17 (0.15%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3,322 (28.57%) QA
2 434 (3.73%) Accessibility
3 110 (0.95%) Data Quality
4 67 (0.58%) Automotive SPICE
4 67 (0.58%) MISRA
5 42 (0.36%) GDPR
6 40 (0.34%) SLA
7 31 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 26 (0.22%) PCI DSS
9 24 (0.21%) NIST
10 23 (0.20%) GRC
11 20 (0.17%) PMO
12 19 (0.16%) AUTOSAR
13 14 (0.12%) EMIR
14 13 (0.11%) NCSC
15 11 (0.095%) MiFID
16 10 (0.086%) ISO 9001
17 9 (0.077%) HL7
17 9 (0.077%) Sarbanes-Oxley
18 7 (0.060%) HIPAA
System Software
1 2,415 (20.77%) Docker
2 175 (1.51%) Virtual Machines
3 109 (0.94%) Active Directory
4 80 (0.69%) Firmware
4 80 (0.69%) VMware Infrastructure
5 57 (0.49%) Apache Flume
6 51 (0.44%) Embedded Firmware
7 31 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
7 31 (0.27%) VMware ESXi
8 29 (0.25%) vSphere
9 20 (0.17%) ISA Server
10 19 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 13 (0.11%) Xen
12 12 (0.10%) Hyper-V
12 12 (0.10%) KVM
13 10 (0.086%) VirtualBox
14 7 (0.060%) Kamailio
14 7 (0.060%) NFS
14 7 (0.060%) OpenSIPS
15 6 (0.052%) Samba
Systems Management
1 2,116 (18.20%) Kubernetes
2 917 (7.89%) Terraform
3 622 (5.35%) Ansible
4 271 (2.33%) Puppet
5 238 (2.05%) Opscode Chef
6 168 (1.45%) Grafana
7 162 (1.39%) Prometheus
8 88 (0.76%) Istio
9 82 (0.71%) Docker Swarm
10 73 (0.63%) HP Quality Center
10 73 (0.63%) Kibana
11 53 (0.46%) HP ALM
12 51 (0.44%) Oozie
13 38 (0.33%) logstash
13 38 (0.33%) Packer
14 25 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
15 22 (0.19%) vCenter Server
16 20 (0.17%) Rancher
17 19 (0.16%) Control-M
17 19 (0.16%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 1,228 (10.56%) Microsoft
2 891 (7.66%) Google
3 493 (4.24%) Oracle
4 317 (2.73%) Splunk
5 177 (1.52%) IBM
6 171 (1.47%) Salesforce.com
7 140 (1.20%) FIS
8 137 (1.18%) SAP
9 125 (1.08%) Atlassian
10 89 (0.77%) VMware
11 85 (0.73%) HP
12 83 (0.71%) Red Hat
13 81 (0.70%) Databricks
14 75 (0.65%) Apple
15 74 (0.64%) New Relic
16 68 (0.58%) Xamarin
17 64 (0.55%) Zopa
18 62 (0.53%) Dynatrace
19 59 (0.51%) Perforce
20 57 (0.49%) AppDynamics