Period
to 19 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 19 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Automated Testing
UK > England
6 months to
19 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 36 34 32
Rank change year-on-year -2 -2 -1
Permanent jobs citing Test Automation 7,816 3,988 7,773
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 7.03% 7.06% 6.75%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.48% 7.57% 7.29%
Number of salaries quoted 4,438 3,232 6,027
10th Percentile £39,750 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £40,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +9.52% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,188 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £82,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £51,547
% change year-on-year +9.09% +6.70% +3.09%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 104,535 52,659 106,669
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 94.07% 93.16% 92.63%
Number of salaries quoted 70,325 43,532 86,122
10th Percentile £33,500 £32,750 £30,500
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £74,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £88,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Salary trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 19 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the England region over the 6 months to 19 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -2 3,985 £70,000 +3.70% 489
South East -7 1,390 £55,000 +10.00% 198
North of England -4 1,119 £52,806 +16.06% 190
North West +13 601 £52,500 +5.00% 100
Midlands -15 478 £50,000 +5.26% 121
Yorkshire -9 456 £55,000 +22.22% 64
South West -5 428 £50,000 +17.65% 99
West Midlands -29 270 £50,000 +5.26% 74
East of England -9 260 £60,000 +14.29% 95
East Midlands -1 206 £50,000 +5.26% 47
North East -28 67 £45,000 - 26
Test Automation
UK

For the 6 months to 19 January 2022, IT jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 4,778 (61.13%) Agile Software Development
2 2,694 (34.47%) Java
3 2,641 (33.79%) DevOps
4 2,524 (32.29%) CI/CD
5 2,474 (31.65%) JavaScript
6 2,289 (29.29%) Software Engineering
7 2,253 (28.83%) C#
8 2,214 (28.33%) QA
9 2,093 (26.78%) SQL
10 2,038 (26.07%) AWS
11 2,016 (25.79%) Azure
12 1,954 (25.00%) Python
13 1,770 (22.65%) Selenium
14 1,753 (22.43%) Social Skills
15 1,627 (20.82%) Git (software)
16 1,547 (19.79%) Finance
17 1,533 (19.61%) Microservices
18 1,517 (19.41%) Software Testing
19 1,510 (19.32%) Continuous Integration
20 1,483 (18.97%) Docker
21 1,481 (18.95%) TDD
22 1,470 (18.81%) Scrum
23 1,456 (18.63%) React
24 1,278 (16.35%) Node.js
25 1,258 (16.10%) .NET
26 1,181 (15.11%) Jenkins
27 1,165 (14.91%) Kubernetes
28 1,107 (14.16%) Problem-Solving
29 1,102 (14.10%) Mentoring
30 1,084 (13.87%) BDD

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 384 (4.91%) Confluence
2 157 (2.01%) CMS
3 149 (1.91%) Elasticsearch
4 120 (1.54%) Apache Spark
5 109 (1.39%) Apache
6 61 (0.78%) nginx
7 58 (0.74%) IIS
8 52 (0.67%) EPiServer
9 50 (0.64%) SharePoint
10 33 (0.42%) BizTalk Server
10 33 (0.42%) JBoss
10 33 (0.42%) WordPress
11 31 (0.40%) Apache Airflow
11 31 (0.40%) Headless CMS
12 26 (0.33%) Drupal
13 22 (0.28%) Sitecore CMS
14 21 (0.27%) OpenStack
14 21 (0.27%) SAS
15 19 (0.24%) Ethereum
16 17 (0.22%) Umbraco
Applications
1 64 (0.82%) Microsoft Office
2 48 (0.61%) Sketch
3 32 (0.41%) Microsoft Excel
4 28 (0.36%) InVision
5 23 (0.29%) Chatbot
6 16 (0.20%) MS Visio
7 10 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
8 7 (0.090%) Photoshop
9 6 (0.077%) Microsoft Project
10 5 (0.064%) Adobe Premiere
10 5 (0.064%) Adobe XD
10 5 (0.064%) Final Cut Pro
11 4 (0.051%) Adobe Illustrator
11 4 (0.051%) Zeplin
12 3 (0.038%) Microsoft PowerPoint
13 1 (0.013%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 56 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 39 (0.50%) Magento
3 16 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
4 14 (0.18%) R3 Corda
4 14 (0.18%) Shopify
5 11 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
6 9 (0.12%) WebTrends
7 8 (0.10%) Summit
8 7 (0.090%) SAP S/4HANA
9 6 (0.077%) NetSuite
9 6 (0.077%) Oracle EBS
10 5 (0.064%) SAP ERP
10 5 (0.064%) SAP SD
11 4 (0.051%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
12 3 (0.038%) SAP PP
12 3 (0.038%) Sentinel
12 3 (0.038%) Visualfiles
13 2 (0.026%) Oracle EBS R12
13 2 (0.026%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
14 1 (0.013%) SAP PSCD
Cloud Services
1 2,038 (26.07%) AWS
2 2,016 (25.79%) Azure
3 713 (9.12%) Serverless
4 604 (7.73%) SaaS
5 565 (7.23%) GitHub
6 552 (7.06%) GCP
7 313 (4.00%) AWS Lambda
8 245 (3.13%) OpenShift
9 223 (2.85%) PaaS
10 197 (2.52%) Amazon ECS
11 196 (2.51%) Amazon EC2
12 188 (2.41%) Amazon S3
13 182 (2.33%) Power Platform
14 168 (2.15%) Amazon EKS
15 126 (1.61%) Azure Data Factory
16 125 (1.60%) Microsoft 365
17 120 (1.54%) Cloud Computing
18 108 (1.38%) Amazon SQS
19 103 (1.32%) IaaS
20 102 (1.31%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 290 (3.71%) HTTP
2 127 (1.62%) Broadband
3 93 (1.19%) Internet
4 61 (0.78%) Network Security
4 61 (0.78%) TCP/IP
5 58 (0.74%) Firewall
6 36 (0.46%) VoIP
7 29 (0.37%) MQTT
7 29 (0.37%) Wireshark
8 26 (0.33%) HTTPS
8 26 (0.33%) SSL
9 25 (0.32%) Wi-Fi
10 22 (0.28%) 5G
11 21 (0.27%) Bluetooth
12 20 (0.26%) Wireless
13 19 (0.24%) DNS
13 19 (0.24%) SSH
13 19 (0.24%) VPN
14 18 (0.23%) MPLS
15 17 (0.22%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 718 (9.19%) NoSQL
2 635 (8.12%) SQL Server
3 632 (8.09%) PostgreSQL
4 527 (6.74%) MySQL
5 445 (5.69%) MongoDB
6 395 (5.05%) Relational Database
7 338 (4.32%) Big Data
8 245 (3.13%) Redis
9 233 (2.98%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 202 (2.58%) Amazon Aurora
11 182 (2.33%) Apache Cassandra
12 177 (2.26%) Power BI
13 171 (2.19%) Data Lake
14 163 (2.09%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 114 (1.46%) Hadoop
16 109 (1.39%) Amazon Athena
17 108 (1.38%) Data Warehouse
18 107 (1.37%) Amazon RDS
19 101 (1.29%) Blockchain
20 91 (1.16%) HDInsight
Development Applications
1 1,770 (22.65%) Selenium
2 1,627 (20.82%) Git (software)
3 1,181 (15.11%) Jenkins
4 1,003 (12.83%) JIRA
5 701 (8.97%) Cucumber
6 565 (7.23%) Postman
7 510 (6.53%) Cypress.io
8 489 (6.26%) SpecFlow
9 374 (4.79%) WebDriver
10 309 (3.95%) JMeter
11 287 (3.67%) TeamCity
12 285 (3.65%) GitLab
13 280 (3.58%) JUnit
14 221 (2.83%) Maven
15 218 (2.79%) Appium
16 211 (2.70%) Bitbucket
17 204 (2.61%) Team Foundation Server
18 192 (2.46%) webpack
19 187 (2.39%) Visual Studio
20 185 (2.37%) SoapUI
General
1 1,753 (22.43%) Social Skills
2 1,547 (19.79%) Finance
3 507 (6.49%) Analytical Skills
4 459 (5.87%) Banking
5 374 (4.79%) Retail
6 356 (4.55%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 298 (3.81%) Games
8 256 (3.28%) Marketing
9 230 (2.94%) Public Sector
10 195 (2.49%) Law
10 195 (2.49%) Telecoms
11 119 (1.52%) Advertising
12 108 (1.38%) Legal
12 108 (1.38%) Presentation Skills
13 105 (1.34%) Electronics
14 90 (1.15%) Automotive
15 88 (1.13%) Manufacturing
16 84 (1.07%) Pharmaceutical
17 66 (0.84%) Financial Institution
18 62 (0.79%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 2,123 (27.16%) Developer
2 1,372 (17.55%) Software Engineer
3 736 (9.42%) Test Engineer
4 560 (7.16%) Tester
5 548 (7.01%) QA Engineer
6 505 (6.46%) Analyst
7 500 (6.40%) Senior Developer
8 362 (4.63%) Senior Software Engineer
9 343 (4.39%) Test Analyst
10 320 (4.09%) Software Developer
11 313 (4.00%) Java Developer
12 295 (3.77%) Java Engineer
13 294 (3.76%) Test Automation Engineer
14 291 (3.72%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 276 (3.53%) Automation Tester
16 265 (3.39%) Automation Engineer
17 258 (3.30%) DevOps Engineer
18 252 (3.22%) Full Stack Developer
19 220 (2.81%) Java Software Engineer
20 210 (2.69%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,456 (18.63%) React
2 1,278 (16.35%) Node.js
3 1,258 (16.10%) .NET
4 921 (11.78%) REST
5 883 (11.30%) CSS
6 881 (11.27%) HTML
7 738 (9.44%) RESTful
8 666 (8.52%) AngularJS
9 549 (7.02%) Web Services
10 528 (6.76%) Spring
11 468 (5.99%) .NET Core
12 425 (5.44%) GraphQL
13 420 (5.37%) Kafka
14 368 (4.71%) Vue.js
15 341 (4.36%) XML
16 332 (4.25%) HTML5
17 327 (4.18%) JSON
18 320 (4.09%) Spring Boot
19 313 (4.00%) SOAP
20 305 (3.90%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 722 (9.24%) User Experience
2 472 (6.04%) Mobile App
3 371 (4.75%) Cloud Native
4 316 (4.04%) Self-Motivation
5 235 (3.01%) Algorithms
6 213 (2.73%) Enterprise Software
7 174 (2.23%) Data Structures
8 146 (1.87%) Greenfield Project
9 132 (1.69%) Social Media
10 111 (1.42%) Hedge funds
11 100 (1.28%) Blog
12 91 (1.16%) Virtual Team
13 86 (1.10%) Linux Command Line
14 85 (1.09%) Legacy Code
14 85 (1.09%) Pricing Data
15 74 (0.95%) Mainframe
16 73 (0.93%) Cyberattack
17 65 (0.83%) Public Cloud
18 63 (0.81%) Embedded Systems
19 62 (0.79%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 777 (9.94%) Linux
2 457 (5.85%) Windows
3 396 (5.07%) Android
4 328 (4.20%) Apple iOS
5 213 (2.73%) Unix
6 48 (0.61%) Mac OS
6 48 (0.61%) zOS
7 43 (0.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 42 (0.54%) Windows Server
9 39 (0.50%) CentOS
10 35 (0.45%) VMS
11 29 (0.37%) Ubuntu
12 18 (0.23%) Embedded Linux
13 14 (0.18%) Debian
14 5 (0.064%) Robot Operating System
15 3 (0.038%) Mac OS X
15 3 (0.038%) Windows Server 2019
16 2 (0.026%) Windows Server 2012
17 1 (0.013%) Amazon Linux
17 1 (0.013%) OpenWrt
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,778 (61.13%) Agile Software Development
2 2,641 (33.79%) DevOps
3 2,524 (32.29%) CI/CD
4 2,289 (29.29%) Software Engineering
5 1,533 (19.61%) Microservices
6 1,517 (19.41%) Software Testing
7 1,510 (19.32%) Continuous Integration
8 1,481 (18.95%) TDD
9 1,470 (18.81%) Scrum
10 1,107 (14.16%) Problem-Solving
11 1,102 (14.10%) Mentoring
12 1,084 (13.87%) BDD
13 943 (12.06%) SDLC
14 865 (11.07%) Full Stack Development
15 677 (8.66%) Analytics
16 669 (8.56%) OO
17 665 (8.51%) User Stories
18 649 (8.30%) Manual Testing
19 646 (8.27%) Computer Science
20 622 (7.96%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 2,694 (34.47%) Java
2 2,474 (31.65%) JavaScript
3 2,253 (28.83%) C#
4 2,093 (26.78%) SQL
5 1,954 (25.00%) Python
6 1,061 (13.57%) TypeScript
7 431 (5.51%) C++
8 404 (5.17%) C
9 357 (4.57%) PowerShell
10 310 (3.97%) PHP
11 265 (3.39%) Ruby
11 265 (3.39%) Scala
12 264 (3.38%) Go
13 233 (2.98%) ES6
14 217 (2.78%) Bash
15 197 (2.52%) Kotlin
16 136 (1.74%) Java 8
17 132 (1.69%) Groovy
18 131 (1.68%) T-SQL
19 109 (1.39%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 942 (12.05%) Degree
2 416 (5.32%) ISTQB
3 303 (3.88%) Computer Science Degree
4 282 (3.61%) Security Cleared
5 198 (2.53%) ISEB
6 174 (2.23%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 168 (2.15%) SC Cleared
8 104 (1.33%) Master's Degree
9 55 (0.70%) Microsoft Certification
10 40 (0.51%) DBS Check
11 34 (0.44%) AWS Certification
11 34 (0.44%) Cisco Certification
12 30 (0.38%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 24 (0.31%) DV Cleared
14 22 (0.28%) Oracle Certification
14 22 (0.28%) SANS
15 19 (0.24%) CCNP
16 18 (0.23%) OCP
17 15 (0.19%) PhD
18 11 (0.14%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,214 (28.33%) QA
2 232 (2.97%) Accessibility
3 44 (0.56%) SLA
4 39 (0.50%) WCAG
5 26 (0.33%) GDPR
6 25 (0.32%) Data Quality
7 15 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 11 (0.14%) ISO 13485
9 10 (0.13%) PSD2
10 9 (0.12%) IFRS
10 9 (0.12%) ISO 26262
11 8 (0.10%) IEC 62304
12 7 (0.090%) DICOM
12 7 (0.090%) ISO 9001
12 7 (0.090%) PMO
13 3 (0.038%) 21 CFR Part 11
13 3 (0.038%) GxP
13 3 (0.038%) NIST
14 2 (0.026%) HIPAA
14 2 (0.026%) MiFID
System Software
1 1,483 (18.97%) Docker
2 118 (1.51%) Firmware
3 93 (1.19%) Virtual Machines
4 92 (1.18%) Active Directory
5 31 (0.40%) VMware Infrastructure
6 28 (0.36%) HDFS
7 18 (0.23%) Virtual Servers
8 11 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
9 10 (0.13%) Xen
10 9 (0.12%) Apache Flume
10 9 (0.12%) KVM
11 7 (0.090%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 6 (0.077%) Hyper-V
13 5 (0.064%) Kamailio
13 5 (0.064%) OpenSIPS
14 4 (0.051%) ISA Server
15 3 (0.038%) RACF
15 3 (0.038%) Time Sharing Option
15 3 (0.038%) Varnish
16 2 (0.026%) NFS
Systems Management
1 1,165 (14.91%) Kubernetes
2 591 (7.56%) Terraform
3 355 (4.54%) Ansible
4 201 (2.57%) Opscode Chef
5 185 (2.37%) Puppet
6 71 (0.91%) Prometheus
7 68 (0.87%) Kibana
8 64 (0.82%) Grafana
9 54 (0.69%) HP Quality Center
10 52 (0.67%) HP ALM
11 39 (0.50%) logstash
12 32 (0.41%) Docker Swarm
12 32 (0.41%) Istio
13 27 (0.35%) Hadoop YARN
14 23 (0.29%) Rancher
15 17 (0.22%) Apache Brooklyn
16 15 (0.19%) Consul
17 14 (0.18%) Graylog
18 13 (0.17%) HP Fortify
19 12 (0.15%) Packer
Vendors
1 694 (8.88%) Microsoft
2 353 (4.52%) Google
3 326 (4.17%) Oracle
4 131 (1.68%) Cognizant
5 124 (1.59%) Databricks
6 95 (1.22%) Palantir
7 93 (1.19%) HP
8 89 (1.14%) IBM
9 72 (0.92%) Atlassian
10 66 (0.84%) SAP
11 59 (0.75%) Salesforce.com
12 54 (0.69%) Xamarin
13 51 (0.65%) Splunk
14 45 (0.58%) Red Hat
15 39 (0.50%) New Relic
15 39 (0.50%) VMware
16 38 (0.49%) Informatica
17 37 (0.47%) LexisNexis
18 35 (0.45%) Sophos
19 34 (0.44%) Apple