Period
to 18 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for C# skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited C# over the 6 months to 18 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

C#
UK
6 months to
18 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 14 11 8
Rank change year-on-year -3 -3 0
Permanent jobs citing C# 14,877 7,637 21,693
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 12.30% 15.10% 15.31%
As % of the Programming Languages category 22.67% 25.70% 28.65%
Number of salaries quoted 11,030 6,585 18,697
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £86,250 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

C# is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 65,632 29,719 75,723
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.26% 58.75% 53.45%
Number of salaries quoted 43,952 25,067 62,353
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £85,860
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

C#
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing C# as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for C# in the UK

C#
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing C#.

Salary trend for C# in the UK

C#
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing C# over the 6 months to 18 September 2021.

Salary histogram for C# in the UK

C#
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing C# within the UK over the 6 months to 18 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 13,086 £55,000 - 2,924
UK excluding London -2 8,794 £50,000 - 2,141
London -8 5,047 £70,000 +3.70% 967
Work from Home -6 3,587 £55,000 +4.76% 695
South East -3 2,856 £52,500 +5.00% 453
North of England -5 1,914 £50,000 - 606
Midlands 0 1,280 £45,000 - 454
South West +2 1,080 £47,500 +2.70% 198
North West -5 965 £52,500 +5.00% 335
West Midlands -2 851 £48,500 +3.19% 266
Yorkshire -5 766 £50,000 +5.26% 194
Scotland -1 706 £50,000 +5.26% 128
East of England 0 630 £55,000 +10.00% 237
East Midlands -3 427 £42,500 -5.56% 188
North East -7 183 £42,000 -2.33% 77
Northern Ireland -1 178 £35,000 -17.65% 21
Wales -5 166 £40,130 -15.52% 44

For the 6 months to 18 September 2021, IT jobs citing C# also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for C#.

1 10,582 (71.13%) .NET
2 7,033 (47.27%) Agile Software Development
3 6,473 (43.51%) Azure
4 6,262 (42.09%) SQL
5 6,143 (41.29%) JavaScript
6 4,521 (30.39%) SQL Server
7 4,102 (27.57%) .NET Core
8 3,909 (26.28%) Software Engineering
9 3,735 (25.11%) DevOps
10 3,281 (22.05%) AngularJS
11 3,215 (21.61%) Microsoft
12 3,198 (21.50%) React
13 3,159 (21.23%) ASP.NET
14 3,075 (20.67%) HTML
15 3,053 (20.52%) MVC
16 3,006 (20.21%) AWS
17 2,846 (19.13%) CSS
18 2,784 (18.71%) TDD
19 2,720 (18.28%) Social Skills
20 2,693 (18.10%) Full Stack Development
21 2,687 (18.06%) Java
22 2,657 (17.86%) Microservices
23 2,538 (17.06%) .NET Framework
24 2,499 (16.80%) Finance
25 2,482 (16.68%) Scrum
26 2,476 (16.64%) Python
27 2,319 (15.59%) Docker
28 2,218 (14.91%) Test Automation
29 2,063 (13.87%) Git (software)
30 1,954 (13.13%) Kubernetes

C#
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 475 (3.19%) CMS
2 382 (2.57%) Elasticsearch
3 341 (2.29%) IIS
4 329 (2.21%) Umbraco
5 325 (2.18%) SharePoint
6 226 (1.52%) Confluence
7 183 (1.23%) EPiServer
8 113 (0.76%) Sitecore CMS
9 101 (0.68%) Kentico
10 99 (0.67%) Apache Spark
11 76 (0.51%) nginx
12 64 (0.43%) SAS
13 61 (0.41%) Apache
14 60 (0.40%) NServiceBus
15 54 (0.36%) BizTalk Server
16 52 (0.35%) WordPress
17 44 (0.30%) Cloud Foundry
18 43 (0.29%) Headless CMS
19 39 (0.26%) Oracle Workflow
20 25 (0.17%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 222 (1.49%) Microsoft Excel
2 176 (1.18%) Microsoft Office
3 40 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 34 (0.23%) Simulink
5 29 (0.19%) MS Visio
6 23 (0.15%) Sketch
7 20 (0.13%) InVision
8 16 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
9 15 (0.10%) Campfire
9 15 (0.10%) Figma
9 15 (0.10%) Photoshop
10 14 (0.094%) Chatbot
11 13 (0.087%) Maya
12 8 (0.054%) EngageOne
12 8 (0.054%) Microsoft Project
13 7 (0.047%) 3ds Max
13 7 (0.047%) Adobe Illustrator
13 7 (0.047%) ZBrush
14 6 (0.040%) MotionBuilder
15 4 (0.027%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 267 (1.79%) Dynamics CRM
2 31 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
3 28 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
4 26 (0.17%) NetSuite
5 24 (0.16%) Magento
6 22 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
7 20 (0.13%) Sentinel
8 16 (0.11%) MetaTrader
9 15 (0.10%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 10 (0.067%) Visualfiles
11 8 (0.054%) nopCommerce
11 8 (0.054%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 8 (0.054%) SAP Business One
12 7 (0.047%) Elite 3E
12 7 (0.047%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
12 7 (0.047%) Shopify
13 6 (0.040%) RMDS
13 6 (0.040%) Summit
13 6 (0.040%) Unit4 Business World
14 5 (0.034%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 6,473 (43.51%) Azure
2 3,006 (20.21%) AWS
3 1,009 (6.78%) GCP
4 945 (6.35%) Serverless
5 809 (5.44%) SaaS
6 589 (3.96%) Power Platform
7 477 (3.21%) GitHub
8 388 (2.61%) Azure Service Bus
9 338 (2.27%) Azure Cosmos DB
9 338 (2.27%) PaaS
10 314 (2.11%) AWS Lambda
11 302 (2.03%) Dynamics 365
12 285 (1.92%) Azure Functions
13 269 (1.81%) AWS CloudFormation
14 194 (1.30%) Azure Logic Apps
15 186 (1.25%) PowerApps
16 180 (1.21%) Amazon S3
17 164 (1.10%) Microsoft 365
18 162 (1.09%) Amazon EC2
19 155 (1.04%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 308 (2.07%) HTTP
2 156 (1.05%) Internet
3 66 (0.44%) TCP/IP
4 57 (0.38%) Firewall
5 52 (0.35%) Modbus
6 47 (0.32%) DNS
7 38 (0.26%) Broadband
8 37 (0.25%) RS-485
9 34 (0.23%) RS-422
10 26 (0.17%) Intranet
11 25 (0.17%) LAN
12 23 (0.15%) WAN
13 22 (0.15%) MQTT
13 22 (0.15%) Network Security
14 21 (0.14%) Wireshark
15 20 (0.13%) SMTP
16 19 (0.13%) Skype
17 17 (0.11%) VPN
18 16 (0.11%) FTP
18 16 (0.11%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,521 (30.39%) SQL Server
2 1,197 (8.05%) NoSQL
3 772 (5.19%) MongoDB
4 737 (4.95%) Relational Database
5 687 (4.62%) MySQL
6 649 (4.36%) PostgreSQL
7 466 (3.13%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 434 (2.92%) Power BI
9 392 (2.63%) Redis
10 342 (2.30%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 333 (2.24%) Azure SQL Database
12 317 (2.13%) Big Data
13 307 (2.06%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 267 (1.79%) Data Warehouse
15 198 (1.33%) RDBMS
16 157 (1.06%) Data Lake
17 117 (0.79%) SQL Server 2012
18 115 (0.77%) Amazon RDS
19 113 (0.76%) GIS
20 110 (0.74%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 2,063 (13.87%) Git (software)
2 1,096 (7.37%) Selenium
3 983 (6.61%) Visual Studio
4 725 (4.87%) Jenkins
5 630 (4.23%) JIRA
6 614 (4.13%) Team Foundation Server
7 601 (4.04%) SpecFlow
8 577 (3.88%) TeamCity
9 539 (3.62%) Octopus Deploy
10 465 (3.13%) NUnit
11 349 (2.35%) Postman
12 281 (1.89%) WebDriver
13 266 (1.79%) Cypress.io
14 189 (1.27%) GitLab
15 184 (1.24%) JMeter
16 183 (1.23%) Cucumber
17 181 (1.22%) Moq
17 181 (1.22%) Subversion
18 168 (1.13%) Visual Studio Team System
19 158 (1.06%) webpack
General
1 2,720 (18.28%) Social Skills
2 2,499 (16.80%) Finance
3 683 (4.59%) Analytical Skills
4 529 (3.56%) Retail
5 459 (3.09%) Banking
6 456 (3.07%) Public Sector
7 440 (2.96%) Marketing
8 334 (2.25%) Games
9 265 (1.78%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 244 (1.64%) Law
11 227 (1.53%) Front Office
12 211 (1.42%) Organisational Skills
13 201 (1.35%) Legal
13 201 (1.35%) Presentation Skills
14 191 (1.28%) Electronics
14 191 (1.28%) Manufacturing
15 154 (1.04%) Pharmaceutical
16 137 (0.92%) Advertising
17 123 (0.83%) Influencing Skills
18 112 (0.75%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 8,649 (58.14%) Developer
2 3,146 (21.15%) .NET Developer
3 2,742 (18.43%) C# Developer
4 2,348 (15.78%) Software Developer
5 2,127 (14.30%) Software Engineer
6 2,026 (13.62%) Senior Developer
7 1,299 (8.73%) C# .NET Developer
8 1,101 (7.40%) Full Stack Developer
9 737 (4.95%) Senior .NET Developer
10 683 (4.59%) C# Software Developer
11 611 (4.11%) .NET Software Developer
12 556 (3.74%) Senior C# Developer
13 553 (3.72%) Senior Software Engineer
14 521 (3.50%) Senior Software Developer
15 513 (3.45%) Lead Developer
16 506 (3.40%) Junior
17 456 (3.07%) Architect
18 435 (2.92%) C# Software Engineer
19 434 (2.92%) SQL Developer
20 398 (2.68%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 10,582 (71.13%) .NET
2 4,102 (27.57%) .NET Core
3 3,281 (22.05%) AngularJS
4 3,198 (21.50%) React
5 3,159 (21.23%) ASP.NET
6 3,075 (20.67%) HTML
7 2,846 (19.13%) CSS
8 2,538 (17.06%) .NET Framework
9 1,618 (10.88%) REST
10 1,526 (10.26%) ASP.NET Web API
11 1,466 (9.85%) Web Services
12 1,387 (9.32%) Node.js
13 1,250 (8.40%) ASP.NET MVC
14 1,151 (7.74%) jQuery
15 1,079 (7.25%) RESTful
16 1,055 (7.09%) Entity Framework
17 920 (6.18%) HTML5
18 908 (6.10%) Vue.js
19 682 (4.58%) XML
20 568 (3.82%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 1,024 (6.88%) Greenfield Project
2 700 (4.71%) User Experience
3 558 (3.75%) Mobile App
4 519 (3.49%) Self-Motivation
5 380 (2.55%) Enterprise Software
6 276 (1.86%) Algorithms
7 273 (1.84%) Cloud Native
8 239 (1.61%) Legacy Systems
9 199 (1.34%) Equities
10 198 (1.33%) Hedge funds
11 195 (1.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 179 (1.20%) Management Information System
13 170 (1.14%) Virtual Team
14 164 (1.10%) Data Structures
15 144 (0.97%) Hybrid Cloud
16 138 (0.93%) Derivative
17 125 (0.84%) Blog
18 118 (0.79%) Public Cloud
19 113 (0.76%) Client/Server
20 93 (0.63%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 1,175 (7.90%) Windows
2 786 (5.28%) Linux
3 402 (2.70%) Android
4 308 (2.07%) Apple iOS
5 201 (1.35%) Windows Server
6 177 (1.19%) Unix
7 38 (0.26%) VMS
8 37 (0.25%) Mac OS
9 30 (0.20%) Windows 10
10 29 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
11 27 (0.18%) Windows Server 2016
12 17 (0.11%) CentOS
12 17 (0.11%) Windows 7
13 16 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 11 (0.074%) Ubuntu
14 11 (0.074%) Windows Server 2008
15 9 (0.060%) Windows Server 2019
16 8 (0.054%) Debian
16 8 (0.054%) Kali Linux
17 7 (0.047%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,033 (47.27%) Agile Software Development
2 3,909 (26.28%) Software Engineering
3 3,735 (25.11%) DevOps
4 3,053 (20.52%) MVC
5 2,784 (18.71%) TDD
6 2,693 (18.10%) Full Stack Development
7 2,657 (17.86%) Microservices
8 2,482 (16.68%) Scrum
9 2,218 (14.91%) Test Automation
10 1,538 (10.34%) SDLC
11 1,514 (10.18%) Problem-Solving
12 1,421 (9.55%) Mentoring
13 1,397 (9.39%) OO
14 1,302 (8.75%) BDD
15 1,300 (8.74%) SOLID
16 1,262 (8.48%) Computer Science
17 1,228 (8.25%) Unit Testing
18 1,211 (8.14%) Continuous Integration
19 1,091 (7.33%) Fintech
20 1,032 (6.94%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 6,262 (42.09%) SQL
2 6,143 (41.29%) JavaScript
3 2,687 (18.06%) Java
4 2,476 (16.64%) Python
5 1,735 (11.66%) TypeScript
6 1,409 (9.47%) C++
7 1,073 (7.21%) T-SQL
8 851 (5.72%) PowerShell
9 513 (3.45%) PHP
10 511 (3.43%) Go
11 468 (3.15%) Scala
12 453 (3.04%) VB.NET
13 442 (2.97%) C
14 406 (2.73%) Ruby
15 312 (2.10%) VB
16 309 (2.08%) Bash Shell
17 302 (2.03%) Kotlin
18 180 (1.21%) VBA
19 157 (1.06%) R
20 150 (1.01%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 1,734 (11.66%) Degree
2 650 (4.37%) Security Cleared
3 645 (4.34%) Computer Science Degree
4 542 (3.64%) SC Cleared
5 204 (1.37%) Master's Degree
6 131 (0.88%) ISTQB
7 125 (0.84%) Microsoft Certification
8 102 (0.69%) ISEB
9 85 (0.57%) Numerate Degree
10 69 (0.46%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 42 (0.28%) DV Cleared
12 41 (0.28%) PhD
13 26 (0.17%) DBS Check
14 24 (0.16%) SANS
15 21 (0.14%) GCFE
16 20 (0.13%) AWS Certification
16 20 (0.13%) HND
17 19 (0.13%) GCFA
17 19 (0.13%) GCIA
17 19 (0.13%) GCIH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,376 (9.25%) QA
2 171 (1.15%) Accessibility
3 96 (0.65%) GDPR
4 62 (0.42%) PSD2
5 58 (0.39%) Data Quality
6 56 (0.38%) SLA
7 30 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 28 (0.19%) 21 CFR Part 11
9 21 (0.14%) PCI DSS
10 20 (0.13%) Good Clinical Practice
11 18 (0.12%) GRC
12 16 (0.11%) WCAG
13 15 (0.10%) GxP
14 11 (0.074%) Dodd-Frank
14 11 (0.074%) IEC 61131
14 11 (0.074%) MiFID
15 10 (0.067%) EMIR
16 9 (0.060%) CDISC
17 8 (0.054%) ISO 9001
18 7 (0.047%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 2,319 (15.59%) Docker
2 126 (0.85%) Active Directory
3 90 (0.60%) VMware Infrastructure
4 29 (0.19%) Firmware
5 17 (0.11%) Hyper-V
6 16 (0.11%) Ceph
6 16 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
7 11 (0.074%) LXC
8 10 (0.067%) VMware ESXi
9 8 (0.054%) VirtualBox
10 7 (0.047%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 7 (0.047%) KVM
10 7 (0.047%) vSphere
11 5 (0.034%) Gluster
11 5 (0.034%) Snort
11 5 (0.034%) Squid
11 5 (0.034%) XenApp
12 3 (0.020%) ISA Server
13 2 (0.013%) NFS
13 2 (0.013%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 1,954 (13.13%) Kubernetes
2 832 (5.59%) Terraform
3 327 (2.20%) Ansible
4 272 (1.83%) Grafana
5 200 (1.34%) Opscode Chef
6 195 (1.31%) Prometheus
7 152 (1.02%) Puppet
8 55 (0.37%) Graphite
9 50 (0.34%) Kibana
10 45 (0.30%) Opsgenie
11 30 (0.20%) Graylog
12 29 (0.19%) ZABBIX
13 26 (0.17%) logstash
14 24 (0.16%) MIIS
15 21 (0.14%) HP Quality Center
16 18 (0.12%) HAProxy
16 18 (0.12%) Packer
17 16 (0.11%) Rancher
18 15 (0.10%) Pingdom
19 13 (0.087%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 3,215 (21.61%) Microsoft
2 584 (3.93%) Google
3 573 (3.85%) Oracle
4 327 (2.20%) Xamarin
5 139 (0.93%) Salesforce.com
6 133 (0.89%) Sitecore
7 132 (0.89%) SAP
8 128 (0.86%) Samsung
9 125 (0.84%) VMware
10 122 (0.82%) New Relic
11 80 (0.54%) IBM
12 77 (0.52%) Databricks
13 74 (0.50%) Splunk
14 73 (0.49%) SaltStack
15 64 (0.43%) Atlassian
16 53 (0.36%) Red Hat
16 53 (0.36%) ServiceNow
16 53 (0.36%) Telerik
17 44 (0.30%) Instagram
18 42 (0.28%) OutSystems