Period
to 8 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for C# skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited C# over the 6 months to 8 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

C#
UK
6 months to
8 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 12 9 8
Rank change year-on-year -3 -1 -1
Permanent jobs citing C# 12,155 15,630 23,413
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 13.72% 15.60% 16.04%
As % of the Programming Languages category 24.94% 28.54% 29.51%
Number of salaries quoted 9,819 13,397 20,032
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £41,250 £38,750 £37,381
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%
75th Percentile £67,500 £66,250 £65,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

C# is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 48,729 54,765 79,332
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.01% 54.67% 54.36%
Number of salaries quoted 38,422 45,541 65,442
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £40,750 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

C#
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing C# as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for C# in the UK

C#
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing C#.

Salary trend for C# in the UK

C#
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing C# over the 6 months to 8 May 2021.

Salary histogram for C# in the UK

C#
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing C# within the UK over the 6 months to 8 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 10,762 £53,500 +7.00% 2,511
UK excluding London -1 7,612 £50,000 +11.11% 1,991
London -4 3,815 £70,000 +7.69% 700
Work from Home -6 2,523 £52,500 +5.00% 607
South East -3 2,388 £52,500 +10.53% 461
North of England -4 1,689 £50,000 +11.11% 572
Midlands 0 1,166 £47,500 +5.56% 390
South West -3 997 £45,000 - 200
Yorkshire -4 784 £48,000 +6.67% 168
North West -2 779 £50,000 +5.26% 336
West Midlands -1 665 £47,500 +5.56% 210
Scotland +1 587 £47,500 +5.56% 119
East of England -1 513 £50,000 - 184
East Midlands -2 494 £45,000 +5.88% 176
Wales -2 186 £42,500 -5.56% 39
North East -9 126 £40,000 -3.61% 68
Northern Ireland -4 90 £35,000 -17.65% 27

For the 6 months to 8 May 2021, IT jobs citing C# also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for C#.

1 8,514 (70.05%) .NET
2 5,558 (45.73%) JavaScript
3 5,495 (45.21%) Agile Software Development
4 5,206 (42.83%) Azure
5 4,828 (39.72%) SQL
6 3,597 (29.59%) SQL Server
7 3,473 (28.57%) .NET Core
8 3,007 (24.74%) DevOps
9 2,969 (24.43%) Software Engineering
10 2,912 (23.96%) CSS
11 2,898 (23.84%) HTML
12 2,774 (22.82%) ASP.NET
13 2,735 (22.50%) MVC
14 2,639 (21.71%) Microsoft
15 2,548 (20.96%) AngularJS
16 2,319 (19.08%) React
17 2,253 (18.54%) AWS
18 2,143 (17.63%) TDD
19 2,115 (17.40%) Finance
20 2,097 (17.25%) Python
21 2,092 (17.21%) Java
22 1,971 (16.22%) .NET Framework
23 1,949 (16.03%) Microservices
24 1,850 (15.22%) Social Skills
25 1,799 (14.80%) Scrum
26 1,765 (14.52%) Test Automation
27 1,729 (14.22%) Docker
28 1,561 (12.84%) Git (software)
29 1,402 (11.53%) Kubernetes
30 1,357 (11.16%) Degree

C#
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 376 (3.09%) CMS
2 333 (2.74%) SharePoint
3 304 (2.50%) IIS
4 233 (1.92%) Elasticsearch
5 196 (1.61%) Umbraco
6 165 (1.36%) Confluence
7 141 (1.16%) Apache Spark
8 124 (1.02%) EPiServer
9 114 (0.94%) Sitecore CMS
10 93 (0.77%) NServiceBus
11 65 (0.53%) nginx
12 64 (0.53%) BizTalk Server
13 60 (0.49%) Kentico
14 53 (0.44%) Apache
15 36 (0.30%) ColdFusion
16 35 (0.29%) WordPress
17 34 (0.28%) Cloud Foundry
18 22 (0.18%) Sitefinity
19 20 (0.16%) JBoss
20 19 (0.16%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 125 (1.03%) Microsoft Excel
2 89 (0.73%) Microsoft Office
3 28 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 24 (0.20%) Simulink
5 15 (0.12%) Chatbot
5 15 (0.12%) Figma
6 12 (0.099%) Adobe Illustrator
7 11 (0.090%) Photoshop
8 9 (0.074%) Adobe XD
8 9 (0.074%) InVision
8 9 (0.074%) Sketch
9 8 (0.066%) SPSS
10 7 (0.058%) Maya
11 6 (0.049%) 3ds Max
11 6 (0.049%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 6 (0.049%) Revit
11 6 (0.049%) Zeplin
12 5 (0.041%) AutoCAD
12 5 (0.041%) Spreadsheet
12 5 (0.041%) ZBrush
Business Applications
1 265 (2.18%) Dynamics CRM
2 30 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
3 28 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
4 25 (0.21%) NetSuite
5 22 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
6 20 (0.16%) nopCommerce
7 18 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 16 (0.13%) Summit
9 10 (0.082%) Sage 1000
10 9 (0.074%) FINCAD Analytics
10 9 (0.074%) Visualfiles
11 8 (0.066%) Magento
11 8 (0.066%) SAP Business One
12 6 (0.049%) Elite 3E
13 5 (0.041%) Infor M3
14 4 (0.033%) MetaTrader
14 4 (0.033%) Sentinel
15 3 (0.025%) Adobe Campaign
15 3 (0.025%) Maximo
15 3 (0.025%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 5,206 (42.83%) Azure
2 2,253 (18.54%) AWS
3 706 (5.81%) GCP
4 671 (5.52%) SaaS
5 575 (4.73%) Serverless
6 393 (3.23%) Power Platform
7 390 (3.21%) PaaS
8 338 (2.78%) Azure Service Bus
9 264 (2.17%) Dynamics 365
10 241 (1.98%) Azure Functions
11 218 (1.79%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 212 (1.74%) GitHub
13 208 (1.71%) AWS CloudFormation
14 158 (1.30%) AWS Lambda
14 158 (1.30%) IaaS
15 156 (1.28%) Azure Active Directory
16 152 (1.25%) Azure Service Fabric
17 149 (1.23%) Azure Storage
18 145 (1.19%) PowerApps
19 140 (1.15%) Azure Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 187 (1.54%) HTTP
2 102 (0.84%) Internet
3 83 (0.68%) Skype
4 46 (0.38%) Firewall
5 34 (0.28%) TCP/IP
6 25 (0.21%) Intranet
7 23 (0.19%) Wireshark
8 19 (0.16%) FTP
8 19 (0.16%) LAN
8 19 (0.16%) Modbus
8 19 (0.16%) Network Security
9 15 (0.12%) DNS
9 15 (0.12%) Ethernet
9 15 (0.12%) Wireless
10 14 (0.12%) RS-422
10 14 (0.12%) RS-485
10 14 (0.12%) WAN
11 8 (0.066%) Bluetooth
11 8 (0.066%) VPN
12 7 (0.058%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,597 (29.59%) SQL Server
2 906 (7.45%) NoSQL
3 540 (4.44%) MongoDB
4 466 (3.83%) Relational Database
5 459 (3.78%) MySQL
6 394 (3.24%) PostgreSQL
7 345 (2.84%) Azure SQL Database
8 313 (2.58%) Redis
9 292 (2.40%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 290 (2.39%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 286 (2.35%) Power BI
12 251 (2.06%) Big Data
13 147 (1.21%) Data Warehouse
14 126 (1.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 115 (0.95%) SQL Server 2008
16 113 (0.93%) SQL Server 2012
17 108 (0.89%) Hadoop
18 97 (0.80%) RDBMS
19 93 (0.77%) Amazon RDS
20 82 (0.67%) GIS
Development Applications
1 1,561 (12.84%) Git (software)
2 862 (7.09%) Selenium
3 798 (6.57%) Visual Studio
4 577 (4.75%) Jenkins
5 526 (4.33%) Team Foundation Server
6 448 (3.69%) JIRA
7 427 (3.51%) SpecFlow
8 424 (3.49%) TeamCity
9 325 (2.67%) Octopus Deploy
10 317 (2.61%) NUnit
11 267 (2.20%) Visual Studio Team System
12 228 (1.88%) Postman
13 189 (1.55%) Cypress.io
14 181 (1.49%) WebDriver
15 177 (1.46%) Cucumber
16 131 (1.08%) Subversion
17 124 (1.02%) webpack
18 121 (1.00%) JMeter
19 95 (0.78%) MSTest
20 93 (0.77%) Appium
General
1 2,115 (17.40%) Finance
2 1,850 (15.22%) Social Skills
3 543 (4.47%) Analytical Skills
4 467 (3.84%) Games
5 423 (3.48%) Marketing
6 400 (3.29%) Front Office
7 347 (2.85%) Retail
8 281 (2.31%) Public Sector
9 261 (2.15%) Banking
10 210 (1.73%) Law
11 168 (1.38%) Manufacturing
12 159 (1.31%) Organisational Skills
13 151 (1.24%) Electronics
14 136 (1.12%) Legal
15 112 (0.92%) Telecoms
16 105 (0.86%) Presentation Skills
17 102 (0.84%) Back Office
18 100 (0.82%) Multimedia
19 89 (0.73%) Advertising
19 89 (0.73%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 7,624 (62.72%) Developer
2 3,097 (25.48%) .NET Developer
3 2,510 (20.65%) C# Developer
4 1,794 (14.76%) Software Developer
5 1,775 (14.60%) Senior Developer
6 1,580 (13.00%) Software Engineer
7 1,282 (10.55%) C# .NET Developer
8 995 (8.19%) Full Stack Developer
9 732 (6.02%) Senior .NET Developer
10 660 (5.43%) .NET Software Developer
11 633 (5.21%) C# Software Developer
12 595 (4.90%) Senior C# Developer
13 448 (3.69%) SQL Developer
14 437 (3.60%) Senior Software Developer
15 434 (3.57%) Lead Developer
16 426 (3.50%) Senior Software Engineer
17 392 (3.23%) Junior
18 382 (3.14%) Azure Developer
19 377 (3.10%) C# Software Engineer
20 347 (2.85%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 8,514 (70.05%) .NET
2 3,473 (28.57%) .NET Core
3 2,912 (23.96%) CSS
4 2,898 (23.84%) HTML
5 2,774 (22.82%) ASP.NET
6 2,548 (20.96%) AngularJS
7 2,319 (19.08%) React
8 1,971 (16.22%) .NET Framework
9 1,301 (10.70%) ASP.NET Web API
10 1,188 (9.77%) REST
11 1,143 (9.40%) Web Services
12 1,086 (8.93%) jQuery
13 1,079 (8.88%) ASP.NET MVC
14 1,057 (8.70%) Vue.js
15 1,012 (8.33%) HTML5
16 924 (7.60%) Node.js
17 902 (7.42%) Entity Framework
18 838 (6.89%) RESTful
19 619 (5.09%) CSS3
20 519 (4.27%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 903 (7.43%) Greenfield Project
2 563 (4.63%) Mobile App
3 536 (4.41%) User Experience
4 395 (3.25%) Self-Motivation
5 270 (2.22%) Hedge funds
6 251 (2.06%) Enterprise Software
7 250 (2.06%) Data Structures
8 244 (2.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 224 (1.84%) Derivative
10 216 (1.78%) Algorithms
11 204 (1.68%) Equities
12 155 (1.28%) Fixed Income
13 144 (1.18%) Management Information System
14 143 (1.18%) Cloud Native
14 143 (1.18%) N-Tier
15 141 (1.16%) EPoS
16 103 (0.85%) Virtual Team
17 92 (0.76%) Public Cloud
18 87 (0.72%) Blog
19 79 (0.65%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 871 (7.17%) Windows
2 605 (4.98%) Linux
3 314 (2.58%) Android
4 259 (2.13%) Apple iOS
5 185 (1.52%) Windows Server
6 144 (1.18%) Unix
7 33 (0.27%) Windows Server 2016
8 25 (0.21%) CentOS
9 23 (0.19%) Windows 10
10 21 (0.17%) VMS
11 17 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
12 16 (0.13%) AIX
13 13 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 13 (0.11%) Ubuntu
13 13 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
14 11 (0.090%) Embedded Linux
14 11 (0.090%) Windows 7
15 8 (0.066%) Windows Server 2019
16 6 (0.049%) Kali Linux
17 5 (0.041%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,495 (45.21%) Agile Software Development
2 3,007 (24.74%) DevOps
3 2,969 (24.43%) Software Engineering
4 2,735 (22.50%) MVC
5 2,143 (17.63%) TDD
6 1,949 (16.03%) Microservices
7 1,799 (14.80%) Scrum
8 1,765 (14.52%) Test Automation
9 1,289 (10.60%) OO
10 1,153 (9.49%) Mentoring
11 1,088 (8.95%) Problem-Solving
12 1,068 (8.79%) SDLC
13 997 (8.20%) Fintech
14 956 (7.87%) BDD
15 916 (7.54%) Continuous Integration
16 905 (7.45%) Computer Science
17 901 (7.41%) Web Development
18 880 (7.24%) Unit Testing
19 862 (7.09%) SOLID
20 792 (6.52%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 5,558 (45.73%) JavaScript
2 4,828 (39.72%) SQL
3 2,097 (17.25%) Python
4 2,092 (17.21%) Java
5 1,337 (11.00%) TypeScript
6 1,141 (9.39%) C++
7 927 (7.63%) T-SQL
8 637 (5.24%) PowerShell
9 461 (3.79%) PHP
10 411 (3.38%) Go
11 385 (3.17%) VB.NET
12 351 (2.89%) C
13 338 (2.78%) Ruby
14 313 (2.58%) Scala
15 240 (1.97%) VB
16 218 (1.79%) Bash Shell
17 179 (1.47%) Kotlin
18 132 (1.09%) VBA
19 129 (1.06%) ES6
20 123 (1.01%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 1,357 (11.16%) Degree
2 547 (4.50%) Computer Science Degree
3 318 (2.62%) Security Cleared
4 212 (1.74%) SC Cleared
5 148 (1.22%) ISTQB
6 111 (0.91%) CIW
6 111 (0.91%) OCA
6 111 (0.91%) OCP
6 111 (0.91%) Oracle Certification
7 107 (0.88%) ISEB
8 92 (0.76%) Microsoft Certification
9 87 (0.72%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 80 (0.66%) Master's Degree
11 75 (0.62%) Numerate Degree
12 43 (0.35%) HNC
13 34 (0.28%) HND
14 31 (0.26%) DV Cleared
14 31 (0.26%) PhD
15 18 (0.15%) AWS Certification
16 14 (0.12%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 957 (7.87%) QA
2 47 (0.39%) SLA
3 40 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 36 (0.30%) GDPR
5 34 (0.28%) Data Quality
5 34 (0.28%) GRC
6 25 (0.21%) PCI DSS
7 20 (0.16%) PSD2
8 15 (0.12%) IEC 61131
9 14 (0.12%) WAI
9 14 (0.12%) WCAG
10 10 (0.082%) HIPAA
10 10 (0.082%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 9 (0.074%) Dodd-Frank
11 9 (0.074%) EMIR
11 9 (0.074%) MiFID
12 6 (0.049%) NIST
13 5 (0.041%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 5 (0.041%) SOC 2
14 4 (0.033%) PMO
System Software
1 1,729 (14.22%) Docker
2 96 (0.79%) Active Directory
3 53 (0.44%) VMware Infrastructure
4 27 (0.22%) Firmware
5 17 (0.14%) VirtualBox
6 14 (0.12%) LXC
7 7 (0.058%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 7 (0.058%) Virtual Machines
8 6 (0.049%) Snort
8 6 (0.049%) Squid
9 5 (0.041%) Ceph
9 5 (0.041%) Gluster
10 4 (0.033%) Virtual Servers
10 4 (0.033%) VMware NSX
10 4 (0.033%) vSphere
11 2 (0.016%) Hyper-V
11 2 (0.016%) VMware ESXi
12 1 (0.008%) KVM
12 1 (0.008%) Platform Symphony
12 1 (0.008%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 1,402 (11.53%) Kubernetes
2 694 (5.71%) Terraform
3 291 (2.39%) Ansible
4 203 (1.67%) Opscode Chef
5 173 (1.42%) Puppet
6 133 (1.09%) Prometheus
7 128 (1.05%) Grafana
8 28 (0.23%) Kibana
9 27 (0.22%) Istio
10 19 (0.16%) MIIS
11 18 (0.15%) Packer
12 17 (0.14%) Fortio
12 17 (0.14%) Kiali
13 12 (0.099%) Graphite
13 12 (0.099%) Rancher
14 10 (0.082%) HP Quality Center
14 10 (0.082%) Rundeck
15 9 (0.074%) Failover Clustering
15 9 (0.074%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
16 8 (0.066%) Nessus
Vendors
1 2,639 (21.71%) Microsoft
2 493 (4.06%) Oracle
3 320 (2.63%) Google
4 273 (2.25%) Xamarin
5 141 (1.16%) Sitecore
6 101 (0.83%) SAP
7 95 (0.78%) Nintex
8 83 (0.68%) Salesforce.com
9 79 (0.65%) VMware
10 69 (0.57%) IBM
11 68 (0.56%) Atlassian
11 68 (0.56%) Splunk
12 67 (0.55%) New Relic
13 62 (0.51%) Databricks
14 59 (0.49%) SaltStack
15 49 (0.40%) Telerik
16 46 (0.38%) Samsung
17 42 (0.35%) Sage
18 40 (0.33%) Bloomberg
19 39 (0.32%) Adobe