Period
to 2 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for C# skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited C# over the 6 months to 2 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

C#
UK
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 15 12 8
Rank change year-on-year -3 -4 -1
Permanent jobs citing C# 15,271 8,229 21,379
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 11.84% 14.78% 15.92%
As % of the Programming Languages category 22.25% 25.05% 29.59%
Number of salaries quoted 11,280 7,174 18,509
10th Percentile £35,750 £35,000 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +2.04%
75th Percentile £71,250 £66,250 £65,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £83,750 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

C# is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 68,619 32,855 72,257
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.19% 59.01% 53.80%
Number of salaries quoted 46,199 28,318 60,141
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £80,000 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

C#
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing C# as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for C# in the UK

C#
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing C#.

Salary trend for C# in the UK

C#
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing C# over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Salary histogram for C# in the UK

C#
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing C# within the UK over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 13,479 £57,500 +7.48% 3,073
UK excluding London -3 8,840 £50,000 - 2,229
London -5 5,291 £70,000 +3.70% 1,035
Work from Home -3 4,175 £55,000 +4.76% 725
South East -4 2,963 £55,000 +10.00% 442
North of England -5 1,993 £50,000 - 655
Midlands -4 1,329 £50,000 +5.26% 488
North West -6 1,004 £52,500 +5.00% 360
South West -1 953 £50,000 +11.11% 220
West Midlands -1 888 £50,000 +5.26% 293
Yorkshire -3 782 £50,000 - 215
Scotland -5 673 £50,000 +5.26% 144
East of England -5 624 £60,000 +20.00% 218
East Midlands -3 441 £47,500 - 190
North East -5 207 £42,500 -5.56% 80
Wales -12 174 £45,000 - 37
Northern Ireland -1 155 £37,500 -16.67% 25

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, IT jobs citing C# also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for C#.

1 10,387 (68.02%) .NET
2 7,491 (49.05%) Agile Software Development
3 6,858 (44.91%) Azure
4 6,308 (41.31%) SQL
5 6,199 (40.59%) JavaScript
6 4,485 (29.37%) SQL Server
7 4,218 (27.62%) DevOps
8 4,089 (26.78%) Software Engineering
9 4,031 (26.40%) .NET Core
10 3,330 (21.81%) AWS
11 3,230 (21.15%) Microsoft
12 3,214 (21.05%) AngularJS
13 3,177 (20.80%) React
14 3,166 (20.73%) Java
15 3,158 (20.68%) ASP.NET
16 2,926 (19.16%) HTML
17 2,859 (18.72%) Python
18 2,840 (18.60%) Social Skills
19 2,832 (18.54%) MVC
20 2,806 (18.37%) Full Stack Development
21 2,726 (17.85%) TDD
22 2,707 (17.73%) Finance
23 2,592 (16.97%) CSS
24 2,562 (16.78%) Scrum
25 2,542 (16.65%) Microservices
26 2,474 (16.20%) .NET Framework
27 2,427 (15.89%) Test Automation
28 2,249 (14.73%) Docker
29 2,079 (13.61%) Git (software)
30 1,890 (12.38%) Degree

C#
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 420 (2.75%) CMS
2 370 (2.42%) Elasticsearch
3 350 (2.29%) SharePoint
4 309 (2.02%) Umbraco
5 303 (1.98%) IIS
6 239 (1.57%) Confluence
7 176 (1.15%) EPiServer
8 127 (0.83%) Sitecore CMS
9 122 (0.80%) Kentico
10 118 (0.77%) Apache Spark
11 70 (0.46%) Apache
11 70 (0.46%) BizTalk Server
12 69 (0.45%) SAS
13 58 (0.38%) Headless CMS
14 49 (0.32%) WordPress
15 45 (0.29%) nginx
16 35 (0.23%) Oracle Workflow
17 26 (0.17%) NServiceBus
18 24 (0.16%) Apache Airflow
19 23 (0.15%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 283 (1.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 194 (1.27%) Microsoft Office
3 43 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 31 (0.20%) MS Visio
5 27 (0.18%) Sketch
6 25 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
7 24 (0.16%) InVision
8 18 (0.12%) Simulink
9 15 (0.098%) Figma
10 13 (0.085%) Photoshop
11 10 (0.065%) Chatbot
12 8 (0.052%) Campfire
12 8 (0.052%) Microsoft Project
13 6 (0.039%) Adobe Illustrator
13 6 (0.039%) EngageOne
13 6 (0.039%) Windchill
14 5 (0.033%) Adobe Creative Suite
15 4 (0.026%) Maya
16 3 (0.020%) GNU Octave
16 3 (0.020%) MotionBuilder
Business Applications
1 239 (1.57%) Dynamics CRM
2 55 (0.36%) Sentinel
3 25 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
4 24 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
4 24 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
4 24 (0.16%) Magento
4 24 (0.16%) NetSuite
5 14 (0.092%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 11 (0.072%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 10 (0.065%) Summit
8 9 (0.059%) MetaTrader
8 9 (0.059%) Visualfiles
9 8 (0.052%) Distributed Ledger
9 8 (0.052%) RMDS
10 7 (0.046%) Maximo
10 7 (0.046%) R3 Corda
10 7 (0.046%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
10 7 (0.046%) SAP R/3
11 6 (0.039%) nopCommerce
11 6 (0.039%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 6,858 (44.91%) Azure
2 3,330 (21.81%) AWS
3 1,125 (7.37%) Serverless
4 1,011 (6.62%) GCP
5 940 (6.16%) SaaS
6 664 (4.35%) Power Platform
7 618 (4.05%) GitHub
8 410 (2.68%) Azure Service Bus
9 342 (2.24%) AWS Lambda
10 325 (2.13%) Azure Cosmos DB
11 314 (2.06%) PaaS
12 295 (1.93%) Dynamics 365
13 287 (1.88%) AWS CloudFormation
14 277 (1.81%) Azure Functions
15 253 (1.66%) OpenShift
16 247 (1.62%) Microsoft 365
17 227 (1.49%) Azure Logic Apps
18 226 (1.48%) Azure Data Factory
19 206 (1.35%) Amazon S3
20 202 (1.32%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 261 (1.71%) HTTP
2 120 (0.79%) Internet
3 100 (0.65%) TCP/IP
4 62 (0.41%) Firewall
5 60 (0.39%) DNS
6 50 (0.33%) Modbus
7 40 (0.26%) Broadband
8 34 (0.22%) RS-485
9 29 (0.19%) MQTT
9 29 (0.19%) RS-422
10 24 (0.16%) Network Security
11 23 (0.15%) Intranet
12 21 (0.14%) SMTP
13 20 (0.13%) SSH
14 19 (0.12%) FTP
14 19 (0.12%) SSL
14 19 (0.12%) Wireshark
15 17 (0.11%) Cisco IPT
16 16 (0.10%) VPN
17 14 (0.092%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,485 (29.37%) SQL Server
2 1,058 (6.93%) NoSQL
3 810 (5.30%) MongoDB
4 689 (4.51%) Relational Database
5 610 (3.99%) MySQL
6 586 (3.84%) PostgreSQL
7 576 (3.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 512 (3.35%) Power BI
9 341 (2.23%) Big Data
10 331 (2.17%) Redis
11 325 (2.13%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 299 (1.96%) Azure SQL Database
13 285 (1.87%) Data Warehouse
14 284 (1.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 264 (1.73%) Data Lake
16 189 (1.24%) RDBMS
17 146 (0.96%) Apache Cassandra
18 122 (0.80%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 107 (0.70%) Tableau
20 93 (0.61%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 2,079 (13.61%) Git (software)
2 1,060 (6.94%) Selenium
3 1,019 (6.67%) Visual Studio
4 791 (5.18%) Jenkins
5 678 (4.44%) Team Foundation Server
6 651 (4.26%) JIRA
7 582 (3.81%) SpecFlow
8 569 (3.73%) Octopus Deploy
9 505 (3.31%) TeamCity
10 457 (2.99%) NUnit
11 386 (2.53%) Postman
12 262 (1.72%) WebDriver
13 257 (1.68%) Cypress.io
14 217 (1.42%) Moq
15 190 (1.24%) JMeter
16 186 (1.22%) Subversion
17 182 (1.19%) GitLab
18 161 (1.05%) Cucumber
19 136 (0.89%) Visual Studio Team System
20 127 (0.83%) Bitbucket
General
1 2,840 (18.60%) Social Skills
2 2,707 (17.73%) Finance
3 836 (5.47%) Analytical Skills
4 547 (3.58%) Retail
5 545 (3.57%) Banking
6 485 (3.18%) Public Sector
7 406 (2.66%) Marketing
8 314 (2.06%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 294 (1.93%) Manufacturing
10 276 (1.81%) Law
11 260 (1.70%) Games
12 236 (1.55%) Front Office
13 192 (1.26%) Electronics
14 190 (1.24%) Organisational Skills
15 181 (1.19%) Legal
16 168 (1.10%) Presentation Skills
17 157 (1.03%) Advertising
18 153 (1.00%) Pharmaceutical
19 128 (0.84%) Publishing
20 118 (0.77%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 8,752 (57.31%) Developer
2 3,132 (20.51%) .NET Developer
3 2,895 (18.96%) C# Developer
4 2,231 (14.61%) Software Developer
5 2,169 (14.20%) Software Engineer
6 2,016 (13.20%) Senior Developer
7 1,328 (8.70%) C# .NET Developer
8 1,136 (7.44%) Full Stack Developer
9 736 (4.82%) Senior .NET Developer
10 683 (4.47%) C# Software Developer
11 597 (3.91%) Senior C# Developer
12 592 (3.88%) Senior Software Engineer
13 555 (3.63%) .NET Software Developer
14 514 (3.37%) Lead Developer
15 510 (3.34%) Senior Software Developer
16 467 (3.06%) Junior
17 462 (3.03%) Analyst
18 453 (2.97%) Architect
19 392 (2.57%) SQL Developer
19 392 (2.57%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 10,387 (68.02%) .NET
2 4,031 (26.40%) .NET Core
3 3,214 (21.05%) AngularJS
4 3,177 (20.80%) React
5 3,158 (20.68%) ASP.NET
6 2,926 (19.16%) HTML
7 2,592 (16.97%) CSS
8 2,474 (16.20%) .NET Framework
9 1,513 (9.91%) Node.js
10 1,495 (9.79%) REST
11 1,433 (9.38%) Web Services
12 1,404 (9.19%) ASP.NET Web API
13 1,169 (7.66%) ASP.NET MVC
14 1,167 (7.64%) Entity Framework
15 1,112 (7.28%) RESTful
16 1,106 (7.24%) jQuery
17 893 (5.85%) Vue.js
18 820 (5.37%) HTML5
19 748 (4.90%) XML
20 705 (4.62%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 897 (5.87%) Greenfield Project
2 793 (5.19%) User Experience
3 559 (3.66%) Mobile App
4 555 (3.63%) Self-Motivation
5 425 (2.78%) Enterprise Software
6 353 (2.31%) Cloud Native
7 351 (2.30%) Algorithms
8 235 (1.54%) Data Structures
9 220 (1.44%) Management Information System
9 220 (1.44%) Virtual Team
10 211 (1.38%) Legacy Systems
11 191 (1.25%) Equities
12 182 (1.19%) Hedge funds
13 175 (1.15%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 153 (1.00%) Derivative
15 124 (0.81%) Public Cloud
16 111 (0.73%) Client/Server
17 110 (0.72%) Fixed Income
18 105 (0.69%) N-Tier
19 103 (0.67%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1,168 (7.65%) Windows
2 843 (5.52%) Linux
3 353 (2.31%) Android
4 307 (2.01%) Apple iOS
5 208 (1.36%) Windows Server
6 193 (1.26%) Unix
7 78 (0.51%) Mac OS
8 47 (0.31%) VMS
9 20 (0.13%) Windows 10
10 18 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
11 17 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 13 (0.085%) Debian
12 13 (0.085%) Windows Server 2012
13 12 (0.079%) Ubuntu
14 11 (0.072%) CentOS
15 9 (0.059%) Solaris
16 8 (0.052%) Kali Linux
16 8 (0.052%) Windows Server 2008
16 8 (0.052%) Windows Server 2019
17 5 (0.033%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,491 (49.05%) Agile Software Development
2 4,218 (27.62%) DevOps
3 4,089 (26.78%) Software Engineering
4 2,832 (18.54%) MVC
5 2,806 (18.37%) Full Stack Development
6 2,726 (17.85%) TDD
7 2,562 (16.78%) Scrum
8 2,542 (16.65%) Microservices
9 2,427 (15.89%) Test Automation
10 1,709 (11.19%) Mentoring
11 1,687 (11.05%) Problem-Solving
12 1,562 (10.23%) SDLC
13 1,356 (8.88%) Computer Science
14 1,281 (8.39%) OO
15 1,262 (8.26%) Continuous Integration
16 1,210 (7.92%) Unit Testing
17 1,202 (7.87%) BDD
18 1,180 (7.73%) SOLID
19 983 (6.44%) Web Development
20 965 (6.32%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 6,308 (41.31%) SQL
2 6,199 (40.59%) JavaScript
3 3,166 (20.73%) Java
4 2,859 (18.72%) Python
5 1,810 (11.85%) TypeScript
6 1,561 (10.22%) C++
7 1,134 (7.43%) T-SQL
8 920 (6.02%) PowerShell
9 673 (4.41%) C
10 581 (3.80%) Go
11 526 (3.44%) Scala
12 524 (3.43%) VB.NET
13 481 (3.15%) PHP
14 461 (3.02%) Ruby
15 386 (2.53%) VB
16 342 (2.24%) Kotlin
17 326 (2.13%) Bash Shell
18 219 (1.43%) Perl
19 184 (1.20%) R
20 169 (1.11%) VBA
Qualifications
1 1,890 (12.38%) Degree
2 642 (4.20%) Security Cleared
3 604 (3.96%) Computer Science Degree
4 530 (3.47%) SC Cleared
5 171 (1.12%) Master's Degree
6 134 (0.88%) Microsoft Certification
7 114 (0.75%) ISTQB
8 92 (0.60%) ISEB
9 69 (0.45%) Numerate Degree
10 59 (0.39%) PhD
11 58 (0.38%) SANS
12 57 (0.37%) GCFE
13 53 (0.35%) DV Cleared
13 53 (0.35%) GCFA
13 53 (0.35%) GCIA
13 53 (0.35%) GCIH
14 45 (0.29%) HND
15 43 (0.28%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 38 (0.25%) AWS Certification
17 36 (0.24%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,422 (9.31%) QA
2 203 (1.33%) Accessibility
3 92 (0.60%) GDPR
4 88 (0.58%) Data Quality
5 81 (0.53%) SLA
6 60 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 40 (0.26%) PSD2
8 28 (0.18%) 21 CFR Part 11
9 24 (0.16%) PCI DSS
10 19 (0.12%) ISO 9001
11 17 (0.11%) Good Clinical Practice
12 15 (0.098%) GxP
13 12 (0.079%) Dodd-Frank
13 12 (0.079%) MiFID
14 11 (0.072%) EMIR
14 11 (0.072%) WCAG
15 10 (0.065%) GRC
15 10 (0.065%) NIST
15 10 (0.065%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 8 (0.052%) ISO 31000
System Software
1 2,249 (14.73%) Docker
2 135 (0.88%) Active Directory
3 86 (0.56%) VMware Infrastructure
4 42 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
5 33 (0.22%) Firmware
6 14 (0.092%) Hyper-V
7 11 (0.072%) VMware ESXi
8 10 (0.065%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 9 (0.059%) Virtual Servers
9 9 (0.059%) VirtualBox
10 8 (0.052%) Ceph
10 8 (0.052%) ISA Server
10 8 (0.052%) vSphere
11 7 (0.046%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 6 (0.039%) KVM
12 6 (0.039%) XenApp
13 3 (0.020%) Microsoft App-V
13 3 (0.020%) Snort
13 3 (0.020%) Squid
13 3 (0.020%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 1,847 (12.09%) Kubernetes
2 879 (5.76%) Terraform
3 371 (2.43%) Ansible
4 260 (1.70%) Grafana
5 195 (1.28%) Opscode Chef
6 169 (1.11%) Puppet
7 116 (0.76%) Prometheus
8 45 (0.29%) Kibana
9 42 (0.28%) Graphite
9 42 (0.28%) Opsgenie
10 40 (0.26%) ZABBIX
11 37 (0.24%) logstash
12 33 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
13 28 (0.18%) MIIS
14 22 (0.14%) Graylog
15 20 (0.13%) HAProxy
15 20 (0.13%) Pingdom
16 19 (0.12%) HP Fortify
17 16 (0.10%) HP Quality Center
17 16 (0.10%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 3,230 (21.15%) Microsoft
2 578 (3.78%) Google
3 572 (3.75%) Oracle
4 333 (2.18%) Xamarin
5 166 (1.09%) Salesforce.com
6 158 (1.03%) SAP
7 154 (1.01%) Sitecore
8 147 (0.96%) Databricks
9 116 (0.76%) VMware
10 106 (0.69%) New Relic
11 98 (0.64%) Red Hat
12 87 (0.57%) Samsung
13 65 (0.43%) ServiceNow
14 64 (0.42%) Palantir
15 55 (0.36%) Telerik
16 51 (0.33%) Atlassian
16 51 (0.33%) IBM
16 51 (0.33%) Splunk
17 48 (0.31%) HP
18 47 (0.31%) Blue Prism