Period
to 2 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Microservices skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Microservices over the 6 months to 2 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Microservices
UK
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 27 25 39
Rank change year-on-year -2 +14 +17
Permanent jobs citing Microservices 10,660 4,675 7,952
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 8.26% 8.40% 5.92%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 8.76% 9.04% 6.40%
Number of salaries quoted 6,402 3,987 6,602
10th Percentile £43,750 £42,300 £40,000
25th Percentile £53,500 £51,000 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% -3.57% +7.69%
75th Percentile £90,000 £83,750 £86,250
90th Percentile £110,000 £100,000 £100,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -

Microservices is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 121,729 51,713 124,343
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.36% 92.88% 92.59%
Number of salaries quoted 81,314 43,396 99,764
10th Percentile £33,000 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,000 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +1.94%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,750 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -

Microservices
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Microservices as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Microservices.

Salary trend for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Microservices over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Salary histogram for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Microservices within the UK over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 9,372 £71,000 +5.19% 1,677
London -3 5,690 £82,500 +6.45% 891
UK excluding London -7 3,965 £60,000 +4.35% 867
Work from Home +3 2,683 £67,500 +8.00% 396
South East -9 1,316 £60,000 - 188
North of England 0 998 £55,000 - 268
North West -9 564 £55,000 - 178
Midlands -19 533 £55,000 - 144
West Midlands -17 396 £60,000 +4.35% 84
South West -2 390 £60,000 +14.29% 85
Yorkshire +14 354 £60,000 +9.09% 55
Scotland -18 256 £62,500 - 61
East of England -12 240 £60,000 +4.35% 84
Wales +23 178 £50,000 +8.70% 24
East Midlands -39 135 £52,500 -4.55% 59
North East +3 81 £50,000 +5.26% 35
Northern Ireland -2 79 £75,000 +42.86% 15

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, IT jobs citing Microservices also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Microservices.

1 6,052 (56.77%) Agile Software Development
2 4,839 (45.39%) Java
3 4,647 (43.59%) AWS
4 4,076 (38.24%) DevOps
5 3,818 (35.82%) Docker
6 3,749 (35.17%) Azure
7 3,512 (32.95%) Software Engineering
8 3,495 (32.79%) Kubernetes
9 3,128 (29.34%) React
10 3,112 (29.19%) JavaScript
11 2,641 (24.77%) TDD
12 2,626 (24.63%) Finance
13 2,591 (24.31%) SQL
14 2,564 (24.05%) Python
15 2,560 (24.02%) .NET
16 2,542 (23.85%) C#
17 2,430 (22.80%) Spring
18 2,145 (20.12%) Node.js
19 2,101 (19.71%) Social Skills
20 2,087 (19.58%) Scrum
21 2,029 (19.03%) Full Stack Development
22 2,001 (18.77%) REST
23 1,996 (18.72%) Serverless
24 1,898 (17.80%) Test Automation
25 1,841 (17.27%) Jenkins
26 1,827 (17.14%) Git (software)
27 1,771 (16.61%) GCP
28 1,755 (16.46%) NoSQL
29 1,719 (16.13%) AngularJS
30 1,558 (14.62%) Continuous Integration

Microservices
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 505 (4.74%) Elasticsearch
2 439 (4.12%) Apache Spark
3 368 (3.45%) Confluence
4 333 (3.12%) Apache
5 193 (1.81%) CMS
6 140 (1.31%) GemFire
7 102 (0.96%) Cloud Foundry
8 83 (0.78%) nginx
9 76 (0.71%) Apache Solr
10 73 (0.68%) Tomcat
11 56 (0.53%) EPiServer
11 56 (0.53%) WordPress
12 46 (0.43%) Apache Airflow
13 42 (0.39%) SharePoint
14 36 (0.34%) OpenStack
15 35 (0.33%) IIS
16 34 (0.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 30 (0.28%) JBoss
18 29 (0.27%) Camunda
18 29 (0.27%) Drupal
Applications
1 36 (0.34%) Sketch
2 33 (0.31%) InVision
3 30 (0.28%) MS Visio
4 21 (0.20%) Photoshop
5 20 (0.19%) Figma
6 15 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
6 15 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
7 14 (0.13%) Chatbot
8 12 (0.11%) Microsoft Office
9 11 (0.10%) Microsoft Excel
10 10 (0.094%) GIMP
11 9 (0.084%) Microsoft Project
12 7 (0.066%) SOLIDWORKS
13 5 (0.047%) Fireworks
14 3 (0.028%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 3 (0.028%) Adobe XD
15 1 (0.009%) Adobe Premiere
15 1 (0.009%) Revit
Business Applications
1 67 (0.63%) Dynamics CRM
2 47 (0.44%) Payment Gateway
3 34 (0.32%) Shopify
4 25 (0.23%) Magento
5 16 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
6 14 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
7 13 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 11 (0.10%) R3 Corda
9 8 (0.075%) NetSuite
10 7 (0.066%) Oracle EBS
11 6 (0.056%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
12 4 (0.038%) Sentinel
13 3 (0.028%) Loan IQ
13 3 (0.028%) Oracle ERP
13 3 (0.028%) RMDS
13 3 (0.028%) SAP ERP
14 2 (0.019%) JDE OneWorld
14 2 (0.019%) Maximo
14 2 (0.019%) Remedy ITSM
15 1 (0.009%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 4,647 (43.59%) AWS
2 3,749 (35.17%) Azure
3 1,996 (18.72%) Serverless
4 1,771 (16.61%) GCP
5 982 (9.21%) GitHub
6 825 (7.74%) SaaS
7 735 (6.89%) AWS Lambda
8 458 (4.30%) PaaS
9 442 (4.15%) Amazon ECS
10 404 (3.79%) OpenShift
11 402 (3.77%) Amazon EC2
12 378 (3.55%) Cloud Computing
13 350 (3.28%) Amazon S3
14 285 (2.67%) AWS CloudFormation
15 276 (2.59%) Azure Service Bus
16 275 (2.58%) Amazon Kinesis
17 263 (2.47%) Amazon SQS
18 226 (2.12%) IaaS
19 164 (1.54%) CloudFront
20 162 (1.52%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 360 (3.38%) HTTP
2 130 (1.22%) DNS
3 120 (1.13%) Internet
4 85 (0.80%) Firewall
5 79 (0.74%) Broadband
6 56 (0.53%) TCP/IP
7 46 (0.43%) VPN
8 42 (0.39%) AMQP
9 37 (0.35%) SSL
10 24 (0.23%) MQTT
11 23 (0.22%) IPv6
11 23 (0.22%) Network Security
12 22 (0.21%) WAN
13 21 (0.20%) Bluetooth
13 21 (0.20%) SSH
13 21 (0.20%) Wireless
14 19 (0.18%) DHCP
14 19 (0.18%) HTTPS
15 18 (0.17%) Wi-Fi
16 17 (0.16%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,755 (16.46%) NoSQL
2 1,291 (12.11%) PostgreSQL
3 1,037 (9.73%) SQL Server
4 913 (8.56%) MySQL
5 911 (8.55%) MongoDB
6 902 (8.46%) Relational Database
7 782 (7.34%) Big Data
8 732 (6.87%) Redis
9 560 (5.25%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 304 (2.85%) Amazon Aurora
11 289 (2.71%) Amazon RDS
12 233 (2.19%) Hadoop
13 213 (2.00%) Amazon Athena
14 211 (1.98%) MariaDB
15 209 (1.96%) Data Lake
16 200 (1.88%) HBase
17 185 (1.74%) Apache Cassandra
18 173 (1.62%) RDBMS
19 165 (1.55%) Data Warehouse
20 155 (1.45%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 1,841 (17.27%) Jenkins
2 1,827 (17.14%) Git (software)
3 661 (6.20%) JIRA
4 534 (5.01%) JUnit
5 438 (4.11%) GitLab
6 428 (4.02%) Maven
7 362 (3.40%) Selenium
8 353 (3.31%) Cucumber
9 343 (3.22%) Mockito
10 340 (3.19%) TeamCity
11 327 (3.07%) Gradle
12 306 (2.87%) Cypress.io
13 299 (2.80%) Octopus Deploy
14 231 (2.17%) Artifactory
15 217 (2.04%) SonarQube
16 210 (1.97%) Sonatype Nexus
17 199 (1.87%) Bitbucket
17 199 (1.87%) Storybook
18 170 (1.59%) Protractor
19 167 (1.57%) Eclipse
General
1 2,626 (24.63%) Finance
2 2,101 (19.71%) Social Skills
3 988 (9.27%) Banking
4 609 (5.71%) Analytical Skills
5 588 (5.52%) Retail
6 507 (4.76%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 352 (3.30%) Law
8 320 (3.00%) Public Sector
9 301 (2.82%) Marketing
10 298 (2.80%) Games
11 211 (1.98%) Legal
12 185 (1.74%) Presentation Skills
13 164 (1.54%) Financial Institution
14 152 (1.43%) Telecoms
15 133 (1.25%) Advertising
16 117 (1.10%) Publishing
17 107 (1.00%) Automotive
18 100 (0.94%) Manufacturing
19 97 (0.91%) Front Office
20 92 (0.86%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 4,562 (42.80%) Developer
2 1,913 (17.95%) Software Engineer
3 1,588 (14.90%) Java Developer
4 1,282 (12.03%) Architect
5 1,232 (11.56%) Senior Developer
6 788 (7.39%) .NET Developer
7 663 (6.22%) Senior Software Engineer
8 641 (6.01%) Java Engineer
9 598 (5.61%) Full Stack Developer
10 545 (5.11%) Solutions Architect
11 530 (4.97%) Software Developer
12 483 (4.53%) Senior Java Developer
13 480 (4.50%) C# Developer
14 428 (4.02%) DevOps Engineer
15 369 (3.46%) Java Software Engineer
16 335 (3.14%) AWS Engineer
17 297 (2.79%) Lead Developer
18 283 (2.65%) Backend Developer
18 283 (2.65%) Python Developer
19 269 (2.52%) Principal Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,128 (29.34%) React
2 2,560 (24.02%) .NET
3 2,430 (22.80%) Spring
4 2,145 (20.12%) Node.js
5 2,001 (18.77%) REST
6 1,719 (16.13%) AngularJS
7 1,549 (14.53%) Kafka
8 1,544 (14.48%) Spring Boot
9 1,444 (13.55%) RESTful
10 1,432 (13.43%) Web Services
11 1,431 (13.42%) .NET Core
12 1,165 (10.93%) CSS
13 1,057 (9.92%) HTML
14 919 (8.62%) GraphQL
15 713 (6.69%) RabbitMQ
16 699 (6.56%) .NET Framework
17 555 (5.21%) JSON
18 526 (4.93%) Redux
19 520 (4.88%) ASP.NET
20 479 (4.49%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 959 (9.00%) Greenfield Project
2 749 (7.03%) User Experience
3 722 (6.77%) Cloud Native
4 415 (3.89%) Mobile App
5 402 (3.77%) Self-Motivation
6 394 (3.70%) Enterprise Software
7 350 (3.28%) Public Cloud
8 319 (2.99%) Virtual Team
9 309 (2.90%) Algorithms
10 235 (2.20%) Data Structures
11 228 (2.14%) Hedge funds
12 173 (1.62%) Linux Command Line
13 132 (1.24%) Management Information System
14 129 (1.21%) Pricing Data
15 115 (1.08%) Blog
16 108 (1.01%) Social Media
17 101 (0.95%) Derivative
18 95 (0.89%) Data Centre
19 94 (0.88%) Legacy Systems
20 89 (0.83%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 1,194 (11.20%) Linux
2 452 (4.24%) Unix
3 278 (2.61%) Android
4 274 (2.57%) Windows
5 227 (2.13%) Apple iOS
6 57 (0.53%) CentOS
7 52 (0.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 38 (0.36%) Windows Server
9 35 (0.33%) VMS
10 34 (0.32%) Mesosphere
11 18 (0.17%) Ubuntu
12 16 (0.15%) Embedded Linux
12 16 (0.15%) Mac OS
13 15 (0.14%) Debian
13 15 (0.14%) Mac OS X
14 6 (0.056%) Windows Server 2016
15 5 (0.047%) Windows Server 2019
15 5 (0.047%) zOS
16 4 (0.038%) Alpine Linux
16 4 (0.038%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,052 (56.77%) Agile Software Development
2 4,076 (38.24%) DevOps
3 3,512 (32.95%) Software Engineering
4 2,641 (24.77%) TDD
5 2,087 (19.58%) Scrum
6 2,029 (19.03%) Full Stack Development
7 1,898 (17.80%) Test Automation
8 1,558 (14.62%) Continuous Integration
9 1,376 (12.91%) BDD
10 1,267 (11.89%) Problem-Solving
11 1,195 (11.21%) Open Source
12 1,169 (10.97%) Mentoring
13 1,116 (10.47%) Fintech
14 1,100 (10.32%) Analytics
15 1,057 (9.92%) Computer Science
16 938 (8.80%) Event-Driven
17 937 (8.79%) OO
18 796 (7.47%) Continuous Delivery
19 788 (7.39%) Artificial Intelligence
20 772 (7.24%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 4,839 (45.39%) Java
2 3,112 (29.19%) JavaScript
3 2,591 (24.31%) SQL
4 2,564 (24.05%) Python
5 2,542 (23.85%) C#
6 1,488 (13.96%) TypeScript
7 746 (7.00%) Go
8 738 (6.92%) Java 8
9 561 (5.26%) PHP
10 505 (4.74%) Scala
11 450 (4.22%) C++
12 441 (4.14%) Kotlin
13 295 (2.77%) Ruby
14 287 (2.69%) Shell Script
15 266 (2.50%) Java 11
16 265 (2.49%) C
17 253 (2.37%) Groovy
18 240 (2.25%) PowerShell
19 223 (2.09%) Bash Shell
20 185 (1.74%) ES6
Qualifications
1 1,199 (11.25%) Degree
2 467 (4.38%) Computer Science Degree
3 394 (3.70%) Security Cleared
4 357 (3.35%) SC Cleared
5 160 (1.50%) Oracle Certification
6 159 (1.49%) OCP
7 144 (1.35%) AWS Certification
8 118 (1.11%) Master's Degree
9 60 (0.56%) PhD
10 37 (0.35%) TOGAF Certification
11 34 (0.32%) BPSS Clearance
12 27 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
13 23 (0.22%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 23 (0.22%) CESG Certified Professional
14 22 (0.21%) Numerate Degree
15 19 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
16 15 (0.14%) SAFe Agilist
16 15 (0.14%) SANS
17 13 (0.12%) DV Cleared
18 12 (0.11%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,026 (9.62%) QA
2 109 (1.02%) Data Quality
3 94 (0.88%) GDPR
4 79 (0.74%) Accessibility
5 59 (0.55%) SLA
6 37 (0.35%) PSD2
7 35 (0.33%) NIST
8 28 (0.26%) PCI DSS
9 25 (0.23%) WCAG
10 24 (0.23%) IASME
10 24 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 23 (0.22%) GxP
12 21 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 9 (0.084%) Cyber Essentials
14 8 (0.075%) HIPAA
15 6 (0.056%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 6 (0.056%) TickIT
16 5 (0.047%) Sarbanes-Oxley
17 4 (0.038%) IEC 62304
17 4 (0.038%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 3,818 (35.82%) Docker
2 151 (1.42%) VMware Infrastructure
3 143 (1.34%) HDFS
4 84 (0.79%) Active Directory
5 28 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 21 (0.20%) Postfix
7 19 (0.18%) Firmware
8 18 (0.17%) Hyper-V
9 16 (0.15%) ISA Server
10 14 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
11 12 (0.11%) vSphere
12 10 (0.094%) KVM
12 10 (0.094%) VMware ESXi
13 6 (0.056%) NFS
14 4 (0.038%) Varnish
15 3 (0.028%) Ceph
15 3 (0.028%) Virtual Desktop
15 3 (0.028%) VMware NSX
15 3 (0.028%) Xen
16 2 (0.019%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 3,495 (32.79%) Kubernetes
2 1,516 (14.22%) Terraform
3 863 (8.10%) Ansible
4 333 (3.12%) Grafana
5 327 (3.07%) Prometheus
6 289 (2.71%) Opscode Chef
7 262 (2.46%) Puppet
8 136 (1.28%) Kibana
9 102 (0.96%) Istio
9 102 (0.96%) logstash
10 78 (0.73%) Consul
11 59 (0.55%) Docker Swarm
11 59 (0.55%) Graphite
12 51 (0.48%) Single Sign-On
13 39 (0.37%) Opsgenie
14 34 (0.32%) Automic
14 34 (0.32%) Rancher
14 34 (0.32%) ZABBIX
15 33 (0.31%) Packer
16 31 (0.29%) Mesos
Vendors
1 1,001 (9.39%) Microsoft
2 953 (8.94%) Google
3 685 (6.43%) Oracle
4 229 (2.15%) VMware
5 172 (1.61%) Red Hat
6 159 (1.49%) Okta
7 131 (1.23%) SAP
8 120 (1.13%) Splunk
9 110 (1.03%) New Relic
10 108 (1.01%) IBM
11 107 (1.00%) Salesforce.com
12 83 (0.78%) Atlassian
13 73 (0.68%) Cognizant
14 71 (0.67%) MuleSoft
15 63 (0.59%) Samsung
16 53 (0.50%) Databricks
17 46 (0.43%) Apple
18 44 (0.41%) Adobe
19 41 (0.38%) Elastic Path
20 36 (0.34%) Zend