Period
to 2 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Full Stack Development skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Full Stack Development over the 6 months to 2 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Full Stack Development
UK
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 31 31 48
Rank change year-on-year 0 +17 +9
Permanent jobs citing Full Stack Development 9,838 4,129 6,942
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 7.63% 7.42% 5.17%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 8.08% 7.98% 5.58%
Number of salaries quoted 6,023 3,730 5,954
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,700 £32,500
25th Percentile £47,500 £43,750 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £85,000 £75,000 £70,000
90th Percentile £105,000 £92,500 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Full Stack Development is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 121,729 51,713 124,343
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.36% 92.88% 92.59%
Number of salaries quoted 81,314 43,396 99,764
10th Percentile £33,000 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,000 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +1.94%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,750 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -

Full Stack Development
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Full Stack Development as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Full Stack Development in the UK

Full Stack Development
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Full Stack Development.

Salary trend for Full Stack Development in the UK

Full Stack Development
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Full Stack Development over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Salary histogram for Full Stack Development in the UK

Full Stack Development
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Full Stack Development within the UK over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 8,739 £62,500 +13.64% 1,397
London +11 5,223 £80,000 +10.34% 607
UK excluding London -10 3,713 £50,000 - 870
Work from Home -3 2,689 £60,000 +9.09% 413
South East +3 1,502 £53,750 -2.27% 178
North of England -43 620 £50,000 - 251
Midlands -26 482 £50,000 +11.11% 145
South West +4 472 £50,000 +5.26% 117
North West -47 355 £50,000 - 143
West Midlands -21 326 £50,000 +1.01% 95
East of England -19 283 £55,000 +10.00% 90
Scotland -12 282 £50,000 - 53
Yorkshire -26 211 £45,000 +8.43% 74
East Midlands -30 154 £48,500 +21.25% 49
Wales -37 62 £50,000 +11.11% 22
North East -26 54 £35,000 -30.00% 34
Northern Ireland -39 28 £38,250 -15.00% 14

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, IT jobs citing Full Stack Development also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Full Stack Development.

1 6,158 (62.59%) JavaScript
2 5,406 (54.95%) React
3 4,645 (47.21%) Agile Software Development
4 3,334 (33.89%) AWS
5 3,271 (33.25%) Software Engineering
6 3,179 (32.31%) Node.js
7 2,970 (30.19%) TypeScript
8 2,820 (28.66%) AngularJS
9 2,806 (28.52%) C#
10 2,755 (28.00%) CSS
11 2,734 (27.79%) .NET
12 2,684 (27.28%) HTML
13 2,665 (27.09%) SQL
14 2,628 (26.71%) Azure
15 2,537 (25.79%) Java
16 2,375 (24.14%) Python
17 2,271 (23.08%) Docker
18 2,267 (23.04%) Finance
19 2,156 (21.92%) DevOps
20 2,029 (20.62%) Microservices
21 1,940 (19.72%) Git (software)
22 1,840 (18.70%) TDD
23 1,711 (17.39%) Kubernetes
24 1,542 (15.67%) Social Skills
25 1,448 (14.72%) Web Services
26 1,410 (14.33%) User Experience
27 1,349 (13.71%) SQL Server
28 1,347 (13.69%) Degree
29 1,319 (13.41%) Computer Science
30 1,284 (13.05%) Vue.js

Full Stack Development
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 404 (4.11%) Elasticsearch
2 396 (4.03%) Apache
3 375 (3.81%) CMS
4 295 (3.00%) WordPress
5 224 (2.28%) Apache Spark
6 204 (2.07%) Confluence
7 108 (1.10%) GemFire
8 73 (0.74%) SharePoint
9 64 (0.65%) Tomcat
10 62 (0.63%) Drupal
11 57 (0.58%) Umbraco
12 54 (0.55%) Cloud Foundry
13 48 (0.49%) nginx
14 39 (0.40%) Sitecore CMS
15 34 (0.35%) Apache Airflow
16 33 (0.34%) Ethereum
16 33 (0.34%) IIS
17 31 (0.32%) EPiServer
18 27 (0.27%) Apache Solr
19 24 (0.24%) Apache Pulsar
Applications
1 55 (0.56%) Figma
2 42 (0.43%) Sketch
3 38 (0.39%) InVision
3 38 (0.39%) Microsoft Office
4 33 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 31 (0.32%) Microsoft Excel
6 28 (0.28%) Adobe Illustrator
6 28 (0.28%) Photoshop
7 23 (0.23%) Adobe XD
8 18 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
9 15 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
10 11 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 9 (0.091%) MS Visio
12 7 (0.071%) Chatbot
13 5 (0.051%) Campfire
13 5 (0.051%) Fireworks
13 5 (0.051%) InfoPath
14 4 (0.041%) Marvel
15 2 (0.020%) Zeplin
16 1 (0.010%) Revit
Business Applications
1 75 (0.76%) Shopify
2 68 (0.69%) Magento
3 65 (0.66%) Payment Gateway
4 15 (0.15%) Summit
5 11 (0.11%) nopCommerce
6 9 (0.091%) Sage 200
7 8 (0.081%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 8 (0.081%) WebTrends
8 7 (0.071%) Sentinel
9 6 (0.061%) Dynamics CRM
9 6 (0.061%) SAP S/4HANA
10 5 (0.051%) Distributed Ledger
10 5 (0.051%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
10 5 (0.051%) RMDS
11 3 (0.030%) NetSuite
11 3 (0.030%) Oracle BPM
11 3 (0.030%) Oracle ERP
11 3 (0.030%) SAP ERP
11 3 (0.030%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
12 2 (0.020%) osCommerce
Cloud Services
1 3,334 (33.89%) AWS
2 2,628 (26.71%) Azure
3 1,262 (12.83%) GCP
4 1,205 (12.25%) Serverless
5 862 (8.76%) SaaS
6 797 (8.10%) GitHub
7 715 (7.27%) AWS Lambda
8 477 (4.85%) Amazon S3
9 310 (3.15%) Amazon SQS
10 264 (2.68%) Amazon EC2
11 225 (2.29%) Cloud Computing
12 196 (1.99%) PaaS
13 182 (1.85%) Amazon Kinesis
14 171 (1.74%) npm
15 164 (1.67%) Heroku
16 163 (1.66%) AWS CloudFormation
17 157 (1.60%) AWS Step Functions
18 108 (1.10%) OpenShift
19 102 (1.04%) Azure Cosmos DB
20 101 (1.03%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 182 (1.85%) Internet
2 139 (1.41%) HTTP
3 64 (0.65%) DNS
4 62 (0.63%) Firewall
5 40 (0.41%) TCP/IP
6 35 (0.36%) Broadband
6 35 (0.36%) MQTT
6 35 (0.36%) SSL
7 32 (0.33%) VPN
8 25 (0.25%) DHCP
9 23 (0.23%) Skype
10 19 (0.19%) IPsec
10 19 (0.19%) VoIP
11 18 (0.18%) SSH
12 17 (0.17%) IPv4
12 17 (0.17%) IPv6
13 14 (0.14%) BGP
14 13 (0.13%) VLAN
15 11 (0.11%) HTTPS
15 11 (0.11%) Modbus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,349 (13.71%) SQL Server
2 1,159 (11.78%) MySQL
3 1,035 (10.52%) NoSQL
4 1,018 (10.35%) PostgreSQL
5 769 (7.82%) MongoDB
6 662 (6.73%) Relational Database
7 541 (5.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 492 (5.00%) Redis
9 311 (3.16%) Amazon RDS
10 292 (2.97%) Big Data
11 163 (1.66%) RDBMS
12 160 (1.63%) Amazon Aurora
13 145 (1.47%) MariaDB
14 134 (1.36%) Blockchain
15 131 (1.33%) Apache Cassandra
16 127 (1.29%) HBase
17 99 (1.01%) Apache Ignite
18 73 (0.74%) Power BI
19 68 (0.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 67 (0.68%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 1,940 (19.72%) Git (software)
2 845 (8.59%) Jenkins
3 488 (4.96%) JIRA
4 430 (4.37%) Cypress.io
5 326 (3.31%) webpack
6 248 (2.52%) Team Foundation Server
7 222 (2.26%) JUnit
8 212 (2.15%) Storybook
9 210 (2.13%) Selenium
10 206 (2.09%) Visual Studio
11 197 (2.00%) Cucumber
12 190 (1.93%) GitLab
13 184 (1.87%) Octopus Deploy
14 175 (1.78%) Gradle
15 167 (1.70%) NUnit
16 165 (1.68%) Maven
17 161 (1.64%) Protractor
18 156 (1.59%) CircleCI
19 150 (1.52%) Mockito
20 146 (1.48%) Bitbucket
General
1 2,267 (23.04%) Finance
2 1,542 (15.67%) Social Skills
3 551 (5.60%) Banking
4 527 (5.36%) Front Office
5 513 (5.21%) Marketing
6 437 (4.44%) Analytical Skills
7 418 (4.25%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 378 (3.84%) Law
9 344 (3.50%) Retail
10 328 (3.33%) Games
11 172 (1.75%) Manufacturing
12 167 (1.70%) Public Sector
13 141 (1.43%) Telecoms
14 135 (1.37%) Legal
15 119 (1.21%) Organisational Skills
16 116 (1.18%) Publishing
17 109 (1.11%) Investment Banking
18 95 (0.97%) Pharmaceutical
19 93 (0.95%) Presentation Skills
20 89 (0.90%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 6,459 (65.65%) Developer
2 3,387 (34.43%) Full Stack Developer
3 1,792 (18.22%) Software Engineer
4 1,205 (12.25%) Senior Developer
5 953 (9.69%) .NET Developer
6 893 (9.08%) React Developer
7 709 (7.21%) Software Developer
8 682 (6.93%) Java Developer
9 645 (6.56%) C# Developer
10 594 (6.04%) Senior Software Engineer
11 570 (5.79%) Senior Full Stack Developer
12 514 (5.22%) JavaScript Developer
13 500 (5.08%) PHP Developer
14 492 (5.00%) Developer/Software Engineer
15 483 (4.91%) Python Developer
16 400 (4.07%) Lead Developer
17 346 (3.52%) C# .NET Developer
18 343 (3.49%) Python Engineer
19 311 (3.16%) Angular Developer
20 263 (2.67%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,406 (54.95%) React
2 3,179 (32.31%) Node.js
3 2,820 (28.66%) AngularJS
4 2,755 (28.00%) CSS
5 2,734 (27.79%) .NET
6 2,684 (27.28%) HTML
7 1,448 (14.72%) Web Services
8 1,284 (13.05%) Vue.js
9 1,234 (12.54%) .NET Core
10 1,113 (11.31%) REST
11 1,000 (10.16%) RESTful
12 911 (9.26%) ASP.NET
13 872 (8.86%) Spring
14 819 (8.32%) GraphQL
15 767 (7.80%) .NET Framework
16 741 (7.53%) jQuery
17 710 (7.22%) HTML5
18 633 (6.43%) Redux
19 632 (6.42%) Kafka
20 544 (5.53%) Laravel
Miscellaneous
1 1,410 (14.33%) User Experience
2 576 (5.85%) Greenfield Project
3 456 (4.64%) Mobile App
4 389 (3.95%) Algorithms
5 362 (3.68%) Self-Motivation
6 337 (3.43%) Equities
7 336 (3.42%) Hedge funds
8 312 (3.17%) Enterprise Software
9 307 (3.12%) Cloud Native
10 303 (3.08%) Data Structures
10 303 (3.08%) Derivative
11 258 (2.62%) Fixed Income
12 251 (2.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 220 (2.24%) Virtual Team
14 184 (1.87%) Linux Command Line
15 162 (1.65%) Blog
16 118 (1.20%) Legacy Code
17 98 (1.00%) Public Cloud
18 85 (0.86%) Renewable Energy
19 74 (0.75%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 774 (7.87%) Linux
2 286 (2.91%) Unix
3 283 (2.88%) Apple iOS
4 277 (2.82%) Android
5 271 (2.75%) Windows
6 46 (0.47%) Ubuntu
7 35 (0.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 30 (0.30%) Windows Server
9 26 (0.26%) VMS
10 11 (0.11%) Windows Server 2019
11 10 (0.10%) Fedora
11 10 (0.10%) Windows 10
12 9 (0.091%) Mesosphere
12 9 (0.091%) Windows Server 2012
13 4 (0.041%) Mac OS X
14 3 (0.030%) Mac OS
14 3 (0.030%) watchOS
15 2 (0.020%) Alpine Linux
15 2 (0.020%) Debian
16 1 (0.010%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,645 (47.21%) Agile Software Development
2 3,271 (33.25%) Software Engineering
3 2,156 (21.92%) DevOps
4 2,029 (20.62%) Microservices
5 1,840 (18.70%) TDD
6 1,319 (13.41%) Computer Science
7 1,275 (12.96%) Scrum
8 1,155 (11.74%) MVC
9 1,083 (11.01%) Problem-Solving
10 1,060 (10.77%) Web Development
11 1,026 (10.43%) Mentoring
12 941 (9.56%) Continuous Integration
13 939 (9.54%) Test Automation
14 932 (9.47%) OO
15 917 (9.32%) Analytics
16 891 (9.06%) Front End Development
17 796 (8.09%) Fintech
18 779 (7.92%) Unit Testing
19 695 (7.06%) BDD
20 668 (6.79%) Asset Management
Programming Languages
1 6,158 (62.59%) JavaScript
2 2,970 (30.19%) TypeScript
3 2,806 (28.52%) C#
4 2,665 (27.09%) SQL
5 2,537 (25.79%) Java
6 2,375 (24.14%) Python
7 1,241 (12.61%) PHP
8 469 (4.77%) ES6
9 466 (4.74%) Go
10 415 (4.22%) Kotlin
11 369 (3.75%) Ruby
12 308 (3.13%) C++
13 299 (3.04%) Scala
14 293 (2.98%) T-SQL
15 220 (2.24%) C
16 200 (2.03%) Java 8
17 170 (1.73%) PowerShell
18 159 (1.62%) Groovy
19 148 (1.50%) Clojure
20 147 (1.49%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 1,347 (13.69%) Degree
2 676 (6.87%) Computer Science Degree
3 146 (1.48%) Security Cleared
4 103 (1.05%) SC Cleared
5 102 (1.04%) Oracle Certification
6 101 (1.03%) OCP
7 63 (0.64%) HND
8 56 (0.57%) Master's Degree
9 46 (0.47%) Numerate Degree
10 33 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
11 30 (0.30%) AWS Certification
12 25 (0.25%) PhD
13 23 (0.23%) PMI Certification
14 18 (0.18%) APMP
15 17 (0.17%) BPSS Clearance
16 10 (0.10%) DBS Check
17 9 (0.091%) MBA
18 7 (0.071%) Sun Certification
19 5 (0.051%) MCPD
19 5 (0.051%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 651 (6.62%) QA
2 235 (2.39%) Accessibility
3 38 (0.39%) GDPR
4 27 (0.27%) Data Quality
5 26 (0.26%) SLA
6 20 (0.20%) WCAG
7 15 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 14 (0.14%) HIPAA
9 13 (0.13%) GAMP
10 9 (0.091%) 21 CFR Part 11
10 9 (0.091%) GxP
11 8 (0.081%) IEC 62304
11 8 (0.081%) ISO 13485
11 8 (0.081%) PCI DSS
12 7 (0.071%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 7 (0.071%) NIST
12 7 (0.071%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 6 (0.061%) PSD2
14 5 (0.051%) SEPA
15 3 (0.030%) DICOM
System Software
1 2,271 (23.08%) Docker
2 104 (1.06%) VMware Infrastructure
3 102 (1.04%) HDFS
4 48 (0.49%) Active Directory
5 27 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 15 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
7 12 (0.12%) Postfix
8 11 (0.11%) Varnish
9 10 (0.10%) VMware ESXi
9 10 (0.10%) vSphere
10 9 (0.091%) ISA Server
11 7 (0.071%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 7 (0.071%) Virtual Servers
12 6 (0.061%) Firmware
13 2 (0.020%) Ceph
13 2 (0.020%) LXC
14 1 (0.010%) Hyper-V
14 1 (0.010%) NFS
Systems Management
1 1,711 (17.39%) Kubernetes
2 946 (9.62%) Terraform
3 304 (3.09%) Ansible
4 154 (1.57%) Grafana
5 133 (1.35%) Opscode Chef
6 69 (0.70%) Kibana
7 67 (0.68%) Prometheus
8 64 (0.65%) Puppet
9 56 (0.57%) logstash
10 42 (0.43%) Opsgenie
11 26 (0.26%) HAProxy
12 23 (0.23%) Istio
13 22 (0.22%) Graphite
13 22 (0.22%) Graylog
13 22 (0.22%) ZABBIX
14 21 (0.21%) Rancher
15 20 (0.20%) MIIS
15 20 (0.20%) Pingdom
16 18 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
17 16 (0.16%) Bugsnag
Vendors
1 717 (7.29%) Microsoft
2 644 (6.55%) Google
3 260 (2.64%) Oracle
4 146 (1.48%) VMware
5 142 (1.44%) Okta
6 135 (1.37%) Xamarin
7 86 (0.87%) Salesforce.com
8 72 (0.73%) SAP
9 67 (0.68%) Adobe
9 67 (0.68%) Zend
10 64 (0.65%) New Relic
11 54 (0.55%) Apple
12 52 (0.53%) Facebook
13 48 (0.49%) Atlassian
14 47 (0.48%) Dell
15 44 (0.45%) Netlify
16 42 (0.43%) Sitecore
17 40 (0.41%) Red Hat
18 37 (0.38%) Bloomberg
19 35 (0.36%) Elastic Path