Period
to 19 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 19 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 535 429 418
Rank change year-on-year -106 -11 -24
Permanent jobs citing LESS 662 1,177 1,341
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.49% 0.71% 0.77%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.30% 1.79% 1.91%
Number of salaries quoted 565 882 1,169
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £73,750 £80,000 £67,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +11.76% +6.25% -

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 51,038 65,886 70,285
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 37.46% 39.98% 40.21%
Number of salaries quoted 41,906 54,491 58,135
UK median annual salary £55,000 £51,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.84% +2.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £29,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing LESS.

Salary trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing LESS over the 6 months to 19 October 2019.

Salary histogram for LESS in the UK

LESS
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -106 625 £50,000 +5.26% 156
UK excluding London -42 429 £47,500 +11.76% 110
London -123 218 £60,000 - 51
South East -51 166 £50,000 +11.11% 37
North of England -28 86 £42,500 +13.33% 34
South West +42 71 £50,000 +66.67% 11
North West +19 65 £45,000 - 22
East of England +64 52 £50,000 +17.65% 9
Midlands +20 32 £45,000 +28.57% 15
West Midlands +38 25 £50,000 +53.85% 10
Yorkshire -22 21 £32,500 -10.34% 9
Scotland -9 19 £46,250 +23.33% 2
East Midlands +9 7 £35,000 - 4
Wales +5 3 £35,000 -22.22% 3
Northern Ireland - 1 £31,500 -

For the 6 months to 19 October 2019, IT jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 634 (95.77%) CSS
2 604 (91.24%) JavaScript
3 572 (86.40%) HTML
4 565 (85.35%) Sass
5 347 (52.42%) AngularJS
6 338 (51.06%) Front End Development
7 313 (47.28%) Agile Software Development
8 302 (45.62%) HTML5
9 251 (37.92%) React
10 250 (37.76%) CSS3
11 210 (31.72%) Git (software)
12 208 (31.42%) jQuery
13 197 (29.76%) C#
14 190 (28.70%) webpack
15 189 (28.55%) User Experience
16 183 (27.64%) Web Development
17 173 (26.13%) .NET
18 166 (25.08%) TypeScript
19 164 (24.77%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 153 (23.11%) Node.js
21 145 (21.90%) Vue.js
22 142 (21.45%) MVC
23 128 (19.34%) npm
24 127 (19.18%) ES6
25 115 (17.37%) TDD
26 105 (15.86%) Redux
27 103 (15.56%) Scrum
28 100 (15.11%) MySQL
29 98 (14.80%) ASP.NET
30 96 (14.50%) SQL

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (4.98%) CMS
2 32 (4.83%) WordPress
3 19 (2.87%) IIS
4 11 (1.66%) nginx
5 7 (1.06%) Confluence
5 7 (1.06%) Sitecore CMS
6 6 (0.91%) Apache
7 5 (0.76%) Drupal
7 5 (0.76%) Elasticsearch
7 5 (0.76%) Umbraco
8 3 (0.45%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 3 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
9 2 (0.30%) EPiServer
10 1 (0.15%) Apache Spark
10 1 (0.15%) JBoss
10 1 (0.15%) Kentico
10 1 (0.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 1 (0.15%) SAS
Applications
1 57 (8.61%) Photoshop
2 34 (5.14%) Adobe Illustrator
3 31 (4.68%) Adobe XD
4 12 (1.81%) Sketch
5 11 (1.66%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 8 (1.21%) Zeplin
7 6 (0.91%) InDesign
8 4 (0.60%) GIMP
9 2 (0.30%) Figma
10 1 (0.15%) InVision
10 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Excel
10 1 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 19 (2.87%) Magento
2 3 (0.45%) SAP Business One
2 3 (0.45%) Shopify
3 2 (0.30%) R3 Corda
4 1 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
4 1 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.15%) Eloqua
4 1 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.15%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 128 (19.34%) npm
2 70 (10.57%) AWS
3 63 (9.52%) Azure
4 35 (5.29%) SaaS
5 27 (4.08%) GitHub
6 17 (2.57%) GCP
7 15 (2.27%) Serverless
8 9 (1.36%) Google Analytics
9 8 (1.21%) OpenShift
9 8 (1.21%) Yarn
10 7 (1.06%) Google Tag Manager
11 6 (0.91%) AWS Lambda
12 4 (0.60%) Trello
13 3 (0.45%) NuGet
14 2 (0.30%) Firebase
14 2 (0.30%) G Suite
14 2 (0.30%) Heroku
14 2 (0.30%) Slack
15 1 (0.15%) Amazon Kinesis
15 1 (0.15%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 13 (1.96%) HTTP
2 9 (1.36%) DNS
3 7 (1.06%) Internet
4 6 (0.91%) SSH
5 3 (0.45%) MQTT
6 2 (0.30%) Extranet
6 2 (0.30%) Intranet
7 1 (0.15%) Firewall
7 1 (0.15%) Reverse Proxy
7 1 (0.15%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 100 (15.11%) MySQL
2 74 (11.18%) SQL Server
3 39 (5.89%) NoSQL
3 39 (5.89%) Relational Database
4 32 (4.83%) MongoDB
5 13 (1.96%) PostgreSQL
6 11 (1.66%) MariaDB
7 7 (1.06%) Blockchain
8 5 (0.76%) Redis
9 3 (0.45%) RethinkDB
10 2 (0.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 2 (0.30%) SQL Server 2012
11 1 (0.15%) Azure SQL Database
11 1 (0.15%) CockroachDB
11 1 (0.15%) MS Access
11 1 (0.15%) Power BI
11 1 (0.15%) RDBMS
11 1 (0.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 1 (0.15%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 210 (31.72%) Git (software)
2 190 (28.70%) webpack
3 96 (14.50%) gulp
4 86 (12.99%) Grunt
5 60 (9.06%) Jasmine
6 43 (6.50%) Subversion
7 40 (6.04%) Jenkins
8 30 (4.53%) Team Foundation Server
9 29 (4.38%) Karma Test Runner
10 26 (3.93%) Selenium
11 24 (3.63%) Babel
12 20 (3.02%) Mocha
13 18 (2.72%) PostCSS
14 17 (2.57%) Bower
14 17 (2.57%) Visual Studio
15 16 (2.42%) Bitbucket
15 16 (2.42%) Oracle Forms
15 16 (2.42%) TeamCity
16 15 (2.27%) Octopus Deploy
17 13 (1.96%) Axure RP
General
1 77 (11.63%) Finance
2 57 (8.61%) Marketing
3 20 (3.02%) Retail
4 16 (2.42%) Advertising
4 16 (2.42%) Banking
5 15 (2.27%) Games
6 7 (1.06%) Telecoms
7 6 (0.91%) Corporate Banking
7 6 (0.91%) Front Office
8 5 (0.76%) Legal
9 4 (0.60%) Law
9 4 (0.60%) Manufacturing
10 3 (0.45%) Automotive
10 3 (0.45%) Back Office
10 3 (0.45%) Financial Institution
11 2 (0.30%) Public Sector
12 1 (0.15%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 610 (92.15%) Developer
2 308 (46.53%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 116 (17.52%) Senior Developer
4 76 (11.48%) Web Developer
5 70 (10.57%) .NET Developer
6 69 (10.42%) C# Developer
6 69 (10.42%) UI Developer
7 66 (9.97%) Senior Front-End Developer
8 65 (9.82%) Full Stack Developer
9 64 (9.67%) JavaScript Developer
10 61 (9.21%) C# .NET Developer
11 56 (8.46%) React Developer
12 50 (7.55%) Angular Developer
13 40 (6.04%) PHP Developer
14 36 (5.44%) Software Developer
15 33 (4.98%) HTML Developer
16 29 (4.38%) HTML CSS Developer
17 22 (3.32%) Lead Developer
18 20 (3.02%) Applications Developer
19 19 (2.87%) Senior Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 634 (95.77%) CSS
2 572 (86.40%) HTML
3 565 (85.35%) Sass
4 347 (52.42%) AngularJS
5 302 (45.62%) HTML5
6 251 (37.92%) React
7 250 (37.76%) CSS3
8 208 (31.42%) jQuery
9 173 (26.13%) .NET
10 164 (24.77%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 153 (23.11%) Node.js
12 145 (21.90%) Vue.js
13 105 (15.86%) Redux
14 98 (14.80%) ASP.NET
15 86 (12.99%) REST
15 86 (12.99%) Web Services
16 63 (9.52%) RESTful
17 60 (9.06%) Ajax
18 53 (8.01%) ASP.NET MVC
19 52 (7.85%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 189 (28.55%) User Experience
2 44 (6.65%) Mobile App
3 40 (6.04%) Self-Motivation
4 36 (5.44%) Greenfield Project
5 29 (4.38%) Analytical Skills
6 15 (2.27%) Social Media
7 13 (1.96%) Linux Command Line
8 12 (1.81%) W3C
9 11 (1.66%) Xbox
10 6 (0.91%) Animation
11 5 (0.76%) Social Network
12 4 (0.60%) Client/Server
12 4 (0.60%) NHS
13 3 (0.45%) Data Structures
13 3 (0.45%) Digital Media
13 3 (0.45%) Graphic Design
14 2 (0.30%) EPoS
15 1 (0.15%) Clustering
15 1 (0.15%) Life Science
15 1 (0.15%) Semantic Web
Operating Systems
1 42 (6.34%) Linux
2 23 (3.47%) Windows
3 6 (0.91%) Ubuntu
4 4 (0.60%) CentOS
5 2 (0.30%) Android
5 2 (0.30%) Debian
6 1 (0.15%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.15%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 338 (51.06%) Front End Development
2 313 (47.28%) Agile Software Development
3 183 (27.64%) Web Development
4 142 (21.45%) MVC
5 115 (17.37%) TDD
6 103 (15.56%) Scrum
7 92 (13.90%) Problem-Solving
8 87 (13.14%) DevOps
9 83 (12.54%) Responsive Web Design
10 73 (11.03%) Unit Testing
11 71 (10.73%) BDD
12 64 (9.67%) OO
13 63 (9.52%) E-Commerce
14 47 (7.10%) Software Engineering
15 45 (6.80%) Continuous Integration
16 41 (6.19%) Fintech
17 39 (5.89%) OOP
18 38 (5.74%) Continuous Improvement
19 37 (5.59%) Creative Problem-Solving
20 36 (5.44%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 604 (91.24%) JavaScript
2 197 (29.76%) C#
3 166 (25.08%) TypeScript
4 127 (19.18%) ES6
5 96 (14.50%) SQL
6 84 (12.69%) PHP
7 55 (8.31%) Python
8 42 (6.34%) Java
9 21 (3.17%) VB.NET
10 14 (2.11%) PHP 7
11 12 (1.81%) Bash Shell
12 11 (1.66%) ES7
12 11 (1.66%) Ruby
13 10 (1.51%) JSX
14 8 (1.21%) PowerShell
15 6 (0.91%) ES8
15 6 (0.91%) T-SQL
16 5 (0.76%) Go
17 4 (0.60%) C++
17 4 (0.60%) Perl
Qualifications
1 49 (7.40%) Degree
2 17 (2.57%) Computer Science Degree
3 5 (0.76%) Microsoft Certification
4 1 (0.15%) DBS Check
4 1 (0.15%) Novell Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 40 (6.04%) QA
2 14 (2.11%) WAI
3 10 (1.51%) WCAG
4 9 (1.36%) GDPR
System Software
1 48 (7.25%) Docker
2 1 (0.15%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 25 (3.78%) Kubernetes
2 4 (0.60%) cPanel
3 2 (0.30%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.15%) Ansible
4 1 (0.15%) Kibana
4 1 (0.15%) Terraform
Vendors
1 71 (10.73%) Microsoft
2 35 (5.29%) Oracle
3 30 (4.53%) Google
4 26 (3.93%) Adobe
5 8 (1.21%) Cypress Semiconductor
5 8 (1.21%) HubSpot
5 8 (1.21%) Sitecore
6 7 (1.06%) Zend
7 6 (0.91%) SAP
8 5 (0.76%) Xamarin
9 4 (0.60%) WooCommerce
10 3 (0.45%) Facebook
10 3 (0.45%) Sage
11 2 (0.30%) Mapbox
11 2 (0.30%) Salesforce.com
11 2 (0.30%) Spotify
12 1 (0.15%) Atlassian
12 1 (0.15%) LexisNexis
12 1 (0.15%) Optimizely
12 1 (0.15%) Twitter