The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 28 April 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK
3 months to
28 Apr 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 377 425 456
Rank change year-on-year +48 +31  
Permanent jobs citing LESS 680 736 654
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.78% 0.71% 0.59%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.91% 1.84% 1.55%
Number of salaries quoted 609 665 577
Median salary £43,500 £45,000 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -3.33% +12.50%  
90% offered a salary of more than £32,500 £30,000 £27,000
10% offered a salary of more than £65,000 £62,500 £57,500
UK excluding London median salary £37,500 £35,000 £35,000
% change year-on-year +7.14% -  

LESS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Software Library & Framework Skills
UK
Permanent job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 35615 39897 42122
As % of all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 40.79% 38.56% 37.96%
Number of salaries quoted 30273 34475 35791
Median salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000
90% offered a salary of more than £32,000 £31,000 £30,000
10% offered a salary of more than £70,000 £65,000 £67,500
UK excluding London median salary £40,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25%  

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing LESS as a proportion of all permanent or contract IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing LESS.

Salary trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing LESS over the 3 months to 28 April 2017.

Salary histogram for LESS in the UK

LESS
Top 30 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 28 April 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Last 3 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +30 638 £45,000 - 140
London -56 255 £55,000 +4.76% 50
South East +81 99 £40,000 - 20
Yorkshire +24 65 £37,500 +7.14% 13
West Midlands +50 51 £37,500 +25.00% 19
East Midlands +45 49 £37,500 - 6
South West +26 45 £42,500 +30.76% 7
Hampshire +53 44 £35,000 +27.27% 6
West Yorkshire +26 41 £37,500 +7.14% 9
East of England -3 41 £45,000 +50.00% 11
North West -15 37 £42,500 +13.33% 11
Manchester -9 31 £40,000 +6.66% 7
Bristol +10 29 £50,000 +53.84% 4
City of London -6 26 £53,750 +20.78% 7
Nottingham +26 24 £37,500 +25.00% 4
Nottinghamshire +23 24 £37,500 +25.00% 4
Leeds +13 22 £33,250 -5.00% 4
Scotland +20 21 £35,000 - 1
Birmingham +21 18 £35,000 +62.79% 7
Bedfordshire +36 17 £46,250 -2.63% 2
Oxfordshire +22 16 £45,000 +18.42% 4
Edinburgh +13 15 £37,500 +17.18%
Berkshire +39 14 £62,500 +31.57% 2
Wales +19 14 £38,250 - 2
Surrey +52 13 £36,500 - 3
Winchester +17 13 £35,000 +27.27% 4
Worcestershire +7 13 £37,500 -16.66% 2
Gloucestershire +20 12 £37,500 +7.14%
Huddersfield +13 12 £37,500 - 4
Cheltenham +23 11 £37,500 -16.66%

For the 6 months to 28 April 2017, IT jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 1265 (95.40%) CSS
2 1260 (95.02%) JavaScript
3 1179 (88.91%) HTML
4 1090 (82.20%) Sass
5 834 (62.90%) HTML5
6 810 (61.09%) AngularJS
7 677 (51.06%) Agile Software Development
8 644 (48.57%) CSS3
9 620 (46.76%) Front End Development
10 545 (41.10%) jQuery
11 477 (35.97%) Git (software)
12 429 (32.35%) MVC
13 418 (31.52%) React
14 399 (30.09%) Web Development
15 395 (29.79%) .NET
16 372 (28.05%) User Experience
17 371 (27.98%) C#
18 358 (27.00%) gulp
19 338 (25.49%) Node.js
20 332 (25.04%) Grunt
21 311 (23.45%) Twitter Bootstrap
21 311 (23.45%) TDD
22 271 (20.44%) ASP.NET
23 268 (20.21%) PHP
24 252 (19.00%) Scrum
25 219 (16.52%) OO
25 219 (16.52%) JSON
26 217 (16.37%) Web Services
27 210 (15.84%) Backbone.js
28 209 (15.76%) Responsive Web Design

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 124 (9.35%) CMS
2 97 (7.32%) WordPress
3 55 (4.15%) IIS
4 49 (3.70%) Drupal
5 37 (2.79%) Elasticsearch
6 26 (1.96%) Apache
7 25 (1.89%) Umbraco
8 21 (1.58%) nginx
9 19 (1.43%) NServiceBus
9 19 (1.43%) Tomcat
10 18 (1.36%) Apache Solr
11 16 (1.21%) Confluence
12 15 (1.13%) EPiServer
13 14 (1.06%) SharePoint
14 11 (0.83%) Hyperledger
15 10 (0.75%) ExpressionEngine
16 9 (0.68%) Sitecore CMS
17 8 (0.60%) Ethereum
17 8 (0.60%) Kentico
18 6 (0.45%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 105 (7.92%) Photoshop
2 26 (1.96%) Adobe Illustrator
3 22 (1.66%) InVision
4 15 (1.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 12 (0.90%) GIMP
6 6 (0.45%) Fireworks
7 3 (0.23%) HipChat
8 2 (0.15%) Microsoft Excel
9 1 (0.075%) InDesign
9 1 (0.075%) Moqups
Business Applications
1 58 (4.37%) Magento
2 10 (0.75%) Shopify
3 7 (0.53%) SAP Hybris
4 2 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.15%) Eloqua
4 2 (0.15%) WebTrends
5 1 (0.075%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.075%) Kissmetrics
5 1 (0.075%) OpenCart
5 1 (0.075%) RMDS
5 1 (0.075%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 105 (7.92%) Amazon AWS
2 97 (7.32%) GitHub
3 81 (6.11%) Microsoft Azure
4 49 (3.70%) SaaS
5 16 (1.21%) PaaS
6 12 (0.90%) Cloud Computing
6 12 (0.90%) Office 365
7 11 (0.83%) Google Analytics
8 6 (0.45%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
8 6 (0.45%) Cloudflare
8 6 (0.45%) Heroku
8 6 (0.45%) Sage Pay
9 4 (0.30%) Akamai
10 3 (0.23%) Adobe Analytics
10 3 (0.23%) Google Cloud Platform
10 3 (0.23%) Google Tag Manager
11 2 (0.15%) Amazon EC2
11 2 (0.15%) Amazon S3
12 1 (0.075%) Adobe Creative Cloud
12 1 (0.075%) AdWords
Communications & Networking
1 72 (5.43%) HTTP
2 24 (1.81%) Internet
3 12 (0.90%) Intranet
4 5 (0.38%) SSL
4 5 (0.38%) Wireshark
5 4 (0.30%) DNS
5 4 (0.30%) LDAP
6 2 (0.15%) Skype
7 1 (0.075%) Broadband
7 1 (0.075%) DVB
7 1 (0.075%) LAN
7 1 (0.075%) RFID
7 1 (0.075%) SSH
7 1 (0.075%) WAN
7 1 (0.075%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 204 (15.38%) SQL Server
2 145 (10.94%) MySQL
3 72 (5.43%) NoSQL
4 63 (4.75%) MongoDB
5 55 (4.15%) Redis
6 53 (4.00%) PostgreSQL
7 47 (3.54%) Relational Database
8 39 (2.94%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 38 (2.87%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 28 (2.11%) CouchDB
11 24 (1.81%) SQL Server 2005
12 23 (1.73%) Azure SQL Database
12 23 (1.73%) Blockchain
13 21 (1.58%) Couchbase
14 19 (1.43%) SQL Server 2012
15 16 (1.21%) Apache Cassandra
15 16 (1.21%) Event Store
15 16 (1.21%) RavenDB
16 15 (1.13%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 14 (1.06%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 477 (35.97%) Git (software)
2 358 (27.00%) gulp
3 332 (25.04%) Grunt
4 111 (8.37%) Jasmine
5 101 (7.62%) webpack
6 92 (6.94%) Bower
7 87 (6.56%) Subversion
8 82 (6.18%) Karma Test Runner
9 80 (6.03%) Selenium
9 80 (6.03%) Team Foundation Server
10 76 (5.73%) Visual Studio
11 72 (5.43%) Jenkins
12 54 (4.07%) JIRA
13 50 (3.77%) Mocha
14 44 (3.32%) PostCSS
15 40 (3.02%) TeamCity
16 37 (2.79%) Mercurial
17 27 (2.04%) QUnit
18 26 (1.96%) jspm
19 25 (1.89%) Maven
General
1 149 (11.24%) Finance
2 112 (8.45%) Marketing
3 68 (5.13%) Games
4 45 (3.39%) Banking
5 37 (2.79%) Retail
6 22 (1.66%) Telecoms
7 21 (1.58%) Law
7 21 (1.58%) Military
8 18 (1.36%) Advertising
9 17 (1.28%) Investment Banking
10 7 (0.53%) Arabic Language
11 5 (0.38%) Automotive
11 5 (0.38%) Front Office
11 5 (0.38%) Legal
11 5 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
12 4 (0.30%) Local Government
12 4 (0.30%) Mandarin Language
13 3 (0.23%) Publishing
14 2 (0.15%) Back Office
14 2 (0.15%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 1242 (93.67%) Developer
2 528 (39.82%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 344 (25.94%) JavaScript Developer
4 259 (19.53%) Senior Developer
5 241 (18.17%) HTML Developer
6 222 (16.74%) Web Developer
7 189 (14.25%) .NET Developer
8 185 (13.95%) HTML CSS Developer
9 152 (11.46%) C# Developer
10 138 (10.41%) Angular Developer
11 126 (9.50%) UI Developer
12 118 (8.90%) C# .NET Developer
13 99 (7.47%) Software Developer
14 93 (7.01%) Senior Front-End Developer
15 86 (6.49%) Full Stack Developer
16 85 (6.41%) PHP Developer
17 71 (5.35%) ASP.NET Developer
18 61 (4.60%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 61 (4.60%) Lead Developer
19 54 (4.07%) Senior Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1265 (95.40%) CSS
2 1179 (88.91%) HTML
3 1090 (82.20%) Sass
4 834 (62.90%) HTML5
5 810 (61.09%) AngularJS
6 644 (48.57%) CSS3
7 545 (41.10%) jQuery
8 418 (31.52%) React
9 395 (29.79%) .NET
10 338 (25.49%) Node.js
11 311 (23.45%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 271 (20.44%) ASP.NET
13 219 (16.52%) JSON
14 217 (16.37%) Web Services
15 210 (15.84%) Backbone.js
16 204 (15.38%) Ajax
17 195 (14.71%) REST
18 178 (13.42%) KnockoutJS
19 168 (12.67%) RESTful
20 167 (12.59%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 372 (28.05%) User Experience
2 146 (11.01%) Greenfield Project
3 78 (5.88%) Computer Science
4 75 (5.66%) Mobile App
5 54 (4.07%) Fintech
6 35 (2.64%) Analytical Skills
7 23 (1.73%) PMI
8 19 (1.43%) Blog
8 19 (1.43%) W3C
9 17 (1.28%) Linux Command Line
10 15 (1.13%) Enterprise Software
11 13 (0.98%) NHS
12 12 (0.90%) Client/Server
13 11 (0.83%) Algorithms
14 8 (0.60%) Online Games
15 7 (0.53%) Internet of Things
15 7 (0.53%) Social Media
15 7 (0.53%) Virtual Team
16 6 (0.45%) Bitcoin
16 6 (0.45%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 79 (5.96%) Linux
2 31 (2.34%) Android
3 27 (2.04%) Apple iOS
3 27 (2.04%) Windows
4 19 (1.43%) Windows Server
5 16 (1.21%) Windows Server 2012
6 8 (0.60%) CentOS
7 3 (0.23%) Unix
8 2 (0.15%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.075%) FreeBSD
9 1 (0.075%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 677 (51.06%) Agile Software Development
2 620 (46.76%) Front End Development
3 429 (32.35%) MVC
4 399 (30.09%) Web Development
5 311 (23.45%) TDD
6 252 (19.00%) Scrum
7 219 (16.52%) OO
8 209 (15.76%) Responsive Web Design
9 156 (11.76%) Unit Testing
10 154 (11.61%) E-Commerce
11 137 (10.33%) Software Engineering
12 129 (9.73%) Continuous Integration
13 107 (8.07%) Web Design
14 101 (7.62%) SOLID
14 101 (7.62%) Wireframes
15 100 (7.54%) SEO
16 95 (7.16%) BDD
17 82 (6.18%) DevOps
17 82 (6.18%) OOP
18 78 (5.88%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1260 (95.02%) JavaScript
2 371 (27.98%) C#
3 268 (20.21%) PHP
4 202 (15.23%) SQL
5 172 (12.97%) ES6
6 171 (12.90%) TypeScript
7 121 (9.13%) Java
8 59 (4.45%) Python
8 59 (4.45%) T-SQL
9 26 (1.96%) VB.NET
10 21 (1.58%) PowerShell
11 19 (1.43%) Go
12 17 (1.28%) Clojure
12 17 (1.28%) CoffeeScript
13 15 (1.13%) ECMAScript
14 13 (0.98%) Ruby
14 13 (0.98%) Scala
15 12 (0.90%) XPath
16 10 (0.75%) Bash Shell
17 9 (0.68%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 140 (10.56%) Degree
2 23 (1.73%) PMI Certification
3 20 (1.51%) Microsoft Certification
4 12 (0.90%) DBS Check
5 3 (0.23%) MBA
5 3 (0.23%) Security Cleared
6 2 (0.15%) ICAEW
7 1 (0.075%) PhD
7 1 (0.075%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (3.47%) QA
2 12 (0.90%) PCI DSS
3 4 (0.30%) WCAG
4 1 (0.075%) WAI
System Software
1 86 (6.49%) Docker
2 21 (1.58%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 21 (1.58%) Puppet
2 19 (1.43%) Opscode Chef
3 18 (1.36%) Ansible
4 13 (0.98%) Kubernetes
5 4 (0.30%) Docker Swarm
6 2 (0.15%) Graphite
6 2 (0.15%) Plesk
6 2 (0.15%) Salt
7 1 (0.075%) cPanel
7 1 (0.075%) Grafana
7 1 (0.075%) Kibana
7 1 (0.075%) logstash
7 1 (0.075%) MOM
7 1 (0.075%) Packer
7 1 (0.075%) StatsD
Vendors
1 167 (12.59%) Microsoft
2 57 (4.30%) Adobe
3 43 (3.24%) Zend
4 35 (2.64%) Xamarin
5 27 (2.04%) Google
6 20 (1.51%) Twitter
7 19 (1.43%) Oracle
8 12 (0.90%) Sitecore
9 10 (0.75%) hybris
10 9 (0.68%) SAP
11 8 (0.60%) Red Hat
12 7 (0.53%) BroadVision
12 7 (0.53%) PayPal
13 6 (0.45%) Facebook
14 5 (0.38%) TOWER Software
15 4 (0.30%) BT
15 4 (0.30%) Cognizant
15 4 (0.30%) Perforce
15 4 (0.30%) Remedy
15 4 (0.30%) Salesforce.com
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
D4 Digital Recruitment
Salary: £28000 - £38000 Per Annum HTML, JavaScript, CSS, AngularJS
Posted: 12 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Senitor Associates
Salary: £20000 - £30000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 11 hours ago
Guildford, Surrey
Oscar
Salary: £30000 - £35000 per annum
Posted: 11 hours ago
Sevenoaks, Kent
Oscar
Salary: £25000 - £35000 per annum
Posted: 11 hours ago
Midlands
Oscar
Salary: £30000 - £40000 per annum
Posted: 11 hours ago
Croydon, Surrey
Oscar
Salary: £40000 - £45000 per annum
Posted: 11 hours ago
Midlands
Oscar
Salary: £20000 - £30000 per annum
Posted: 11 hours ago
Cheadle, Cheshire
Oscar
Salary: £32500 - £42500 per annum + competitive benefits
Posted: 12 hours ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
D4 Digital Recruitment
Salary: £38000 - £45000 Per Annum Excellent benefits, healthcare, pension
Posted: 12 hours ago
London
Montash
Salary: £70000 - £85000 per annum + benefits
Posted: 11 hours ago
West London
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Salary: £425 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Dartford, Kent
Hiring Wizard
Posted: 12 hours ago
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
Austin Fraser
Salary: £30000 - £45000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: Yesterday
Norwich, Norfolk
Tec Partners
Salary: £25000.00 - £34000.00 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Intelletec
Salary: From £60,000 to £70,000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
South West London
Coded People
Salary: £35000 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
Central London / West End
Client Server
Salary: £65k to £80k + bonus + benefits
Posted: Yesterday
Ipswich, Suffolk
Cloudscope
Salary: From £40,000 to £50,000 per annum
Posted: 16 hours ago
Winchester, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Salary: £30000 - £40000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Computer People
Salary: £40000 - £45000 per annum
Posted: 11 hours ago
North London
Digitech Resourcing Ltd
Salary: From £70,000 to £80,000 per annum + Bens + Training
Posted: 2 days ago
Bristol, Avon
Sanderson
Salary: £35000 - £55000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: Yesterday
South West London
McGregor Boyall
Salary: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
Austin Fraser
Salary: £30000 - £45000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
Stevenage, Hertfordshire
Oscar
Salary: £50000 - £70000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 3 days ago
Wakefield, West Yorkshire
Greywood Associates Limited
Salary: £40000 - £45000 per annum + bens
Posted: 3 days ago
South West London
Coded People
Salary: £55000 - £60000 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Edgar Cowen
Salary: £30000 - £38000 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Oscar
Salary: £25000 - £40000 per annum + 25 days holiday, flexi, pension
Posted: 3 days ago
Harpenden, Hertfordshire
Oscar
Salary: £35000 - £45000 per annum + Additional benefits
Posted: 3 days ago