Period
to 21 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 21 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK
6 months to
21 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 419 384 413
Rank change year-on-year -35 +29 +85
Permanent jobs citing LESS 1,254 1,410 1,550
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.71% 0.80% 0.74%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.75% 2.03% 1.93%
Number of salaries quoted 1,077 1,238 1,389
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000
10th Percentile £27,500 £31,025 £27,500
90th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £66,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £38,750 £41,250 £35,000
% change year-on-year -6.06% +17.86% +0.00%

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 71,775 69,455 80,234
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.71% 39.49% 38.52%
Number of salaries quoted 60,587 59,844 68,823
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,000
90th Percentile £78,750 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing LESS.

Salary trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing LESS over the 6 months to 21 February 2018.

Salary histogram for LESS in the UK

LESS
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 6 months to 21 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -26 1,177 £45,000 - 234
UK excluding London -13 700 £38,750 -6.06% 141
London -36 534 £57,500 +4.55% 100
South East +15 253 £45,000 - 37
North of England +12 168 £37,500 -6.25% 39
North West +14 90 £40,000 - 25
Midlands -49 89 £32,500 -8.45% 26
East of England +2 77 £45,000 -10.00% 22
Yorkshire +2 74 £35,000 -12.50% 12
West Midlands -41 67 £31,500 -11.27% 19
South West +9 58 £35,000 -12.50% 10
Scotland -39 41 £36,000 -10.00% 4
East Midlands -32 22 £35,000 -3.45% 7
Wales -5 10 £37,500 -1.32% 3
Northern Ireland -10 6 - - 1
North East -24 4 £44,375 +67.45% 2

For the 6 months to 21 February 2018, IT jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 1,168 (93.14%) CSS
2 1,155 (92.11%) JavaScript
3 1,063 (84.77%) HTML
4 1,040 (82.93%) Sass
5 773 (61.64%) AngularJS
6 597 (47.61%) Front End Development
7 588 (46.89%) Agile Software Development
8 575 (45.85%) HTML5
9 519 (41.39%) CSS3
10 514 (40.99%) jQuery
11 479 (38.20%) React
12 458 (36.52%) Git (software)
13 392 (31.26%) User Experience
14 371 (29.59%) MVC
15 349 (27.83%) Web Development
16 327 (26.08%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 319 (25.44%) .NET
18 297 (23.68%) PHP
19 282 (22.49%) C#
20 254 (20.26%) TDD
21 245 (19.54%) SQL
22 242 (19.30%) Node.js
23 234 (18.66%) Responsive Web Design
24 213 (16.99%) gulp
25 203 (16.19%) ASP.NET
26 202 (16.11%) Scrum
27 201 (16.03%) SQL Server
28 182 (14.51%) Amazon AWS
29 180 (14.35%) Java
30 171 (13.64%) Grunt

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 143 (11.40%) CMS
2 111 (8.85%) WordPress
3 44 (3.51%) EPiServer
4 31 (2.47%) Umbraco
5 28 (2.23%) Apache
6 24 (1.91%) Sitecore CMS
7 22 (1.75%) Elasticsearch
8 21 (1.67%) Drupal
9 16 (1.28%) Confluence
10 9 (0.72%) IIS
11 7 (0.56%) ExpressionEngine
11 7 (0.56%) nginx
11 7 (0.56%) SharePoint
12 5 (0.40%) Hyperledger
12 5 (0.40%) NServiceBus
13 4 (0.32%) JBoss
13 4 (0.32%) MODX
13 4 (0.32%) Tomcat
13 4 (0.32%) WildFly
14 3 (0.24%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 83 (6.62%) Photoshop
2 35 (2.79%) Adobe Illustrator
3 11 (0.88%) GIMP
4 8 (0.64%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 4 (0.32%) InDesign
6 2 (0.16%) InVision
7 1 (0.080%) Adobe After Effects
7 1 (0.080%) Adobe Premiere
7 1 (0.080%) Final Cut Pro
7 1 (0.080%) Fireworks
7 1 (0.080%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 40 (3.19%) Magento
2 16 (1.28%) Eloqua
3 11 (0.88%) SAP Hybris
4 4 (0.32%) NetSuite
4 4 (0.32%) WebTrends
5 3 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
5 3 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.24%) Shopify
6 1 (0.080%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.080%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 182 (14.51%) Amazon AWS
2 140 (11.16%) Microsoft Azure
3 127 (10.13%) npm
4 87 (6.94%) SaaS
5 40 (3.19%) GitHub
6 20 (1.59%) Google Cloud Platform
7 19 (1.52%) PaaS
8 17 (1.36%) IBM Cloud
9 15 (1.20%) Adobe Creative Cloud
10 14 (1.12%) Bluemix
10 14 (1.12%) Heroku
10 14 (1.12%) IaaS
11 10 (0.80%) Serverless
12 5 (0.40%) MailChimp
12 5 (0.40%) Office 365
13 4 (0.32%) Firebase
13 4 (0.32%) Google Analytics
14 3 (0.24%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 3 (0.24%) SoftLayer
15 2 (0.16%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 30 (2.39%) HTTP
2 17 (1.36%) SMS
3 16 (1.28%) Internet
4 7 (0.56%) Intranet
5 5 (0.40%) Extranet
5 5 (0.40%) SSH
6 4 (0.32%) DNS
7 1 (0.080%) Skype
7 1 (0.080%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 201 (16.03%) SQL Server
2 153 (12.20%) MySQL
3 109 (8.69%) NoSQL
4 106 (8.45%) MongoDB
5 60 (4.78%) PostgreSQL
6 32 (2.55%) Couchbase
7 31 (2.47%) Big Data
8 30 (2.39%) Redis
8 30 (2.39%) Relational Database
9 26 (2.07%) Azure SQL Database
10 19 (1.52%) CouchDB
11 14 (1.12%) SQL Server 2012
12 13 (1.04%) Blockchain
12 13 (1.04%) Cosmos DB
13 10 (0.80%) Endeca
13 10 (0.80%) SQL Server 2008
14 6 (0.48%) Apache Cassandra
14 6 (0.48%) Ingres
15 5 (0.40%) RDBMS
16 4 (0.32%) phpMyAdmin
Development Applications
1 458 (36.52%) Git (software)
2 213 (16.99%) gulp
3 171 (13.64%) Grunt
4 132 (10.53%) webpack
5 114 (9.09%) Jasmine
6 92 (7.34%) Subversion
7 91 (7.26%) Selenium
8 77 (6.14%) Karma Test Runner
9 74 (5.90%) Bower
9 74 (5.90%) Protractor
10 71 (5.66%) Team Foundation Server
11 69 (5.50%) Mocha
12 64 (5.10%) Visual Studio
13 59 (4.70%) Jenkins
13 59 (4.70%) TeamCity
14 57 (4.55%) JIRA
15 42 (3.35%) Octopus Deploy
16 35 (2.79%) Sinon.JS
17 25 (1.99%) Bitbucket
18 17 (1.36%) PostCSS
General
1 152 (12.12%) Finance
2 146 (11.64%) Marketing
3 118 (9.41%) Advertising
4 43 (3.43%) Retail
5 38 (3.03%) Banking
6 34 (2.71%) Games
7 31 (2.47%) Legal
8 18 (1.44%) Automotive
9 14 (1.12%) Law
10 10 (0.80%) Investment Banking
10 10 (0.80%) Publishing
11 8 (0.64%) Financial Institution
12 7 (0.56%) Manufacturing
12 7 (0.56%) Telecoms
13 4 (0.32%) Arabic Language
13 4 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
14 3 (0.24%) Back Office
15 2 (0.16%) French Language
16 1 (0.080%) Prime Brokerage
16 1 (0.080%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 1,094 (87.24%) Developer
2 520 (41.47%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 269 (21.45%) JavaScript Developer
4 183 (14.59%) Web Developer
5 143 (11.40%) HTML Developer
6 142 (11.32%) Angular Developer
7 133 (10.61%) React Developer
7 133 (10.61%) Senior Developer
8 132 (10.53%) C# Developer
9 130 (10.37%) .NET Developer
10 124 (9.89%) HTML CSS Developer
11 104 (8.29%) Full Stack Developer
12 94 (7.50%) PHP Developer
13 87 (6.94%) C# .NET Developer
14 75 (5.98%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 72 (5.74%) Software Developer
16 71 (5.66%) Senior Front-End Developer
17 59 (4.70%) ASP.NET Developer
17 59 (4.70%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 55 (4.39%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,168 (93.14%) CSS
2 1,063 (84.77%) HTML
3 1,040 (82.93%) Sass
4 773 (61.64%) AngularJS
5 575 (45.85%) HTML5
6 519 (41.39%) CSS3
7 514 (40.99%) jQuery
8 479 (38.20%) React
9 327 (26.08%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 319 (25.44%) .NET
11 242 (19.30%) Node.js
12 203 (16.19%) ASP.NET
13 152 (12.12%) RESTful
14 150 (11.96%) REST
15 139 (11.08%) Backbone.js
16 138 (11.00%) Ajax
17 133 (10.61%) ASP.NET Web API
18 131 (10.45%) Redux
19 127 (10.13%) ASP.NET MVC
20 124 (9.89%) Ember.js
Miscellaneous
1 392 (31.26%) User Experience
2 114 (9.09%) Mobile App
3 87 (6.94%) Computer Science
4 82 (6.54%) Greenfield Project
5 61 (4.86%) Fintech
6 38 (3.03%) Cloud Native
7 31 (2.47%) W3C
8 30 (2.39%) Linux Command Line
9 22 (1.75%) Digital Media
10 19 (1.52%) N-Tier
11 17 (1.36%) Data Centre
12 15 (1.20%) Algorithms
12 15 (1.20%) Analytical Skills
13 13 (1.04%) Blog
14 11 (0.88%) Animation
14 11 (0.88%) Graphic Design
15 8 (0.64%) Social Media
16 7 (0.56%) RIA
17 6 (0.48%) Augmented Reality
17 6 (0.48%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 105 (8.37%) Linux
2 39 (3.11%) Unix
3 29 (2.31%) Android
4 28 (2.23%) Apple iOS
5 21 (1.67%) Windows
6 6 (0.48%) Ubuntu
7 2 (0.16%) DC/OS
7 2 (0.16%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.080%) Debian
8 1 (0.080%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 597 (47.61%) Front End Development
2 588 (46.89%) Agile Software Development
3 371 (29.59%) MVC
4 349 (27.83%) Web Development
5 254 (20.26%) TDD
6 234 (18.66%) Responsive Web Design
7 202 (16.11%) Scrum
8 170 (13.56%) Software Engineering
9 140 (11.16%) E-Commerce
10 134 (10.69%) SEO
11 127 (10.13%) Unit Testing
12 121 (9.65%) Analytics
13 120 (9.57%) BDD
14 117 (9.33%) Continuous Integration
15 108 (8.61%) OO
16 107 (8.53%) Test Automation
17 97 (7.74%) Web Design
18 96 (7.66%) OOP
19 95 (7.58%) Microservices
20 84 (6.70%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 1,155 (92.11%) JavaScript
2 297 (23.68%) PHP
3 282 (22.49%) C#
4 245 (19.54%) SQL
5 180 (14.35%) Java
6 151 (12.04%) ES6
7 110 (8.77%) TypeScript
8 88 (7.02%) Python
9 54 (4.31%) Ruby
10 37 (2.95%) T-SQL
11 28 (2.23%) Scala
12 24 (1.91%) ES7
13 18 (1.44%) C
14 14 (1.12%) PowerShell
15 10 (0.80%) Bash Shell
15 10 (0.80%) PL/SQL
16 5 (0.40%) Groovy
16 5 (0.40%) R
17 3 (0.24%) CoffeeScript
17 3 (0.24%) Go
Qualifications
1 144 (11.48%) Degree
2 28 (2.23%) Computer Science Degree
3 18 (1.44%) Master's Degree
4 17 (1.36%) Security Cleared
5 10 (0.80%) Microsoft Certification
6 7 (0.56%) SC Cleared
7 2 (0.16%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.080%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 55 (4.39%) QA
2 3 (0.24%) WCAG
System Software
1 79 (6.30%) Docker
2 2 (0.16%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.080%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.080%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1 (0.080%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 32 (2.55%) Puppet
2 20 (1.59%) Kubernetes
3 16 (1.28%) Opscode Chef
4 10 (0.80%) Ansible
5 2 (0.16%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
6 1 (0.080%) Plesk
Vendors
1 113 (9.01%) Google
2 93 (7.42%) Microsoft
3 48 (3.83%) Adobe
4 43 (3.43%) HP
5 25 (1.99%) Sitecore
6 24 (1.91%) Zend
7 17 (1.36%) Oracle
8 16 (1.28%) Marketo
9 15 (1.20%) Xamarin
10 14 (1.12%) IBM
11 12 (0.96%) SAP
12 11 (0.88%) Alias
12 11 (0.88%) hybris
13 10 (0.80%) BroadVision
14 9 (0.72%) Capita
15 6 (0.48%) Cypress Semiconductor
15 6 (0.48%) Dell
15 6 (0.48%) Twitter
16 5 (0.40%) Caplin
17 3 (0.24%) JD Edwards