Period
to 7 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 7 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK
6 months to
7 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 511 510 531
Rank change year-on-year -1 +21 -86
Permanent jobs citing LESS 331 601 767
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.44% 0.50% 0.52%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.06% 1.27% 1.30%
Number of salaries quoted 331 521 676
Median annual salary £52,500 £55,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.55% +22.22% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £75,000 £80,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £50,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year -2.00% +17.65% +6.25%

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 31,233 47,158 58,837
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.34% 38.84% 39.63%
Number of salaries quoted 25,687 39,112 48,794
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £34,500 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LESS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing LESS.

Salary trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing LESS over the 6 months to 7 March 2021.

Salary histogram for LESS in the UK

LESS
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 6 months to 7 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 302 £52,500 -4.55% 91
UK excluding London +8 197 £49,000 -2.00% 79
London +53 122 £65,000 -10.34% 24
Work from Home -91 57 £50,000 - 28
South West +48 53 £52,500 +16.67% 10
Midlands +41 43 £45,000 +28.57% 18
South East +39 43 £45,000 -14.29% 8
North of England +40 31 £55,000 +15.79% 26
East Midlands +40 27 £45,000 +28.57% 6
North West +42 17 £55,000 +0.92% 14
West Midlands +30 16 £50,000 +42.86% 12
Yorkshire +25 13 £55,000 +22.22% 10
Northern Ireland +26 12 £35,000 - 3
East of England +31 8 £47,500 +10.47% 5
Scotland +20 6 £42,500 +34.92% 7
Wales +31 1 £32,000 -14.67% 2
North East +2 1 £30,000 -41.75% 2

For the 6 months to 7 March 2021, IT jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 307 (92.75%) CSS
2 301 (90.94%) Sass
3 288 (87.01%) HTML
4 273 (82.48%) JavaScript
5 194 (58.61%) HTML5
6 184 (55.59%) AngularJS
7 163 (49.24%) React
8 158 (47.73%) Front End Development
9 130 (39.27%) Node.js
9 130 (39.27%) CSS3
9 130 (39.27%) Agile Software Development
10 129 (38.97%) User Experience
11 111 (33.53%) Git (software)
12 91 (27.49%) Vue.js
13 83 (25.08%) jQuery
14 81 (24.47%) PHP
14 81 (24.47%) TypeScript
15 69 (20.85%) C#
16 68 (20.54%) RESTful
17 64 (19.34%) TDD
18 62 (18.73%) SaaS
19 58 (17.52%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 57 (17.22%) webpack
20 57 (17.22%) .NET
21 56 (16.92%) Grunt
22 54 (16.31%) gulp
22 54 (16.31%) ES6
23 53 (16.01%) Web Development
24 49 (14.80%) Azure
25 46 (13.90%) AWS

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (11.78%) WordPress
2 33 (9.97%) CMS
3 24 (7.25%) Drupal
4 20 (6.04%) Elasticsearch
5 9 (2.72%) Confluence
6 4 (1.21%) Joomla!
7 3 (0.91%) IIS
8 2 (0.60%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 2 (0.60%) Apache
8 2 (0.60%) nginx
9 1 (0.30%) Apache Solr
9 1 (0.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 1 (0.30%) SharePoint
9 1 (0.30%) Sitecore CMS
9 1 (0.30%) Umbraco
Applications
1 24 (7.25%) Photoshop
2 16 (4.83%) Zeplin
3 4 (1.21%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 4 (1.21%) Figma
4 2 (0.60%) AutoCAD
4 2 (0.60%) GIMP
4 2 (0.60%) InVision
4 2 (0.60%) Revit
4 2 (0.60%) Sketch
5 1 (0.30%) Marvel
Business Applications
1 10 (3.02%) Magento
2 4 (1.21%) Shopify
3 3 (0.91%) nopCommerce
Cloud Services
1 62 (18.73%) SaaS
2 49 (14.80%) Azure
3 46 (13.90%) AWS
4 40 (12.08%) npm
5 15 (4.53%) GCP
6 14 (4.23%) GitHub
7 9 (2.72%) Serverless
8 6 (1.81%) Amazon Cognito
8 6 (1.81%) Amazon S3
8 6 (1.81%) CloudFront
9 4 (1.21%) Google Analytics
10 3 (0.91%) Azure Functions
11 2 (0.60%) Trello
12 1 (0.30%) Amazon EC2
12 1 (0.30%) AWS CloudFormation
12 1 (0.30%) BrowserStack
12 1 (0.30%) Heroku
12 1 (0.30%) Microsoft 365
12 1 (0.30%) PaaS
12 1 (0.30%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 22 (6.65%) HTTP
2 3 (0.91%) Network Security
3 1 (0.30%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 46 (13.90%) MySQL
2 29 (8.76%) SQL Server
3 27 (8.16%) NoSQL
3 27 (8.16%) Relational Database
4 11 (3.32%) MongoDB
5 10 (3.02%) SQL Server 2012
6 3 (0.91%) Redis
7 2 (0.60%) PostgreSQL
7 2 (0.60%) RDBMS
8 1 (0.30%) Azure SQL Database
8 1 (0.30%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 111 (33.53%) Git (software)
2 57 (17.22%) webpack
3 56 (16.92%) Grunt
4 54 (16.31%) gulp
5 26 (7.85%) Jenkins
6 15 (4.53%) JIRA
7 12 (3.63%) Jasmine
8 9 (2.72%) Bitbucket
8 9 (2.72%) Karma Test Runner
8 9 (2.72%) Mocha
9 8 (2.42%) GitLab
9 8 (2.42%) Protractor
10 7 (2.11%) Bower
11 6 (1.81%) Babel
11 6 (1.81%) Subversion
12 3 (0.91%) Hudson
12 3 (0.91%) NUnit
13 2 (0.60%) Cypress.io
13 2 (0.60%) Team Foundation Server
13 2 (0.60%) TeamCity
General
1 43 (12.99%) Finance
2 28 (8.46%) Marketing
3 20 (6.04%) Electronics
3 20 (6.04%) Games
3 20 (6.04%) Manufacturing
3 20 (6.04%) Public Sector
3 20 (6.04%) Publishing
3 20 (6.04%) Telecoms
4 10 (3.02%) Financial Institution
5 5 (1.51%) Digital Economy
6 4 (1.21%) Multimedia
6 4 (1.21%) Retail
7 2 (0.60%) Banking
8 1 (0.30%) Back Office
8 1 (0.30%) Law
Job Titles
1 266 (80.36%) Developer
2 132 (39.88%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 72 (21.75%) Senior Developer
4 55 (16.62%) Senior Front-End Developer
5 42 (12.69%) Full Stack Developer
6 41 (12.39%) JavaScript Developer
7 33 (9.97%) React Developer
8 29 (8.76%) Angular Developer
9 28 (8.46%) JavaScript Engineer
9 28 (8.46%) Software Engineer
10 26 (7.85%) PHP Developer
11 24 (7.25%) HTML CSS Developer
11 24 (7.25%) HTML Developer
12 22 (6.65%) Lead Developer
13 17 (5.14%) C# Software Engineer
14 16 (4.83%) Web Developer
15 15 (4.53%) .NET Developer
16 13 (3.93%) Drupal Developer
17 11 (3.32%) Senior React Developer
18 10 (3.02%) Azure Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 307 (92.75%) CSS
2 301 (90.94%) Sass
3 288 (87.01%) HTML
4 194 (58.61%) HTML5
5 184 (55.59%) AngularJS
6 163 (49.24%) React
7 130 (39.27%) CSS3
7 130 (39.27%) Node.js
8 91 (27.49%) Vue.js
9 83 (25.08%) jQuery
10 68 (20.54%) RESTful
11 58 (17.52%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 57 (17.22%) .NET
13 41 (12.39%) REST
14 39 (11.78%) Web Services
15 34 (10.27%) Redux
16 28 (8.46%) KnockoutJS
17 25 (7.55%) Laravel
18 22 (6.65%) WebSockets
19 21 (6.34%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 129 (38.97%) User Experience
2 18 (5.44%) Mobile App
3 17 (5.14%) Analytical Skills
3 17 (5.14%) Linux Command Line
4 9 (2.72%) Blog
5 8 (2.42%) Greenfield Project
5 8 (2.42%) Self-Motivation
6 6 (1.81%) Enterprise Software
7 5 (1.51%) Data Structures
8 4 (1.21%) e-Learning
8 4 (1.21%) W3C
9 3 (0.91%) Learning Management System
10 2 (0.60%) 3D Graphics
10 2 (0.60%) Algorithms
10 2 (0.60%) Graphic Design
11 1 (0.30%) Cloud Native
11 1 (0.30%) Data Centre
11 1 (0.30%) FMCG
11 1 (0.30%) NHS
11 1 (0.30%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 21 (6.34%) Linux
2 6 (1.81%) Unix
3 5 (1.51%) Android
3 5 (1.51%) Apple iOS
4 1 (0.30%) Windows
4 1 (0.30%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 158 (47.73%) Front End Development
2 130 (39.27%) Agile Software Development
3 64 (19.34%) TDD
4 53 (16.01%) Web Development
5 44 (13.29%) OO
5 44 (13.29%) Software Engineering
6 42 (12.69%) MVC
7 37 (11.18%) Analytics
7 37 (11.18%) Continuous Integration
8 32 (9.67%) Responsive Web Design
9 30 (9.06%) DevOps
9 30 (9.06%) Microservices
10 25 (7.55%) E-Commerce
11 24 (7.25%) BDD
11 24 (7.25%) Business Intelligence
12 23 (6.95%) Digital Marketing
13 22 (6.65%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
13 22 (6.65%) Fintech
14 20 (6.04%) BEM - Block Element Modifier
14 20 (6.04%) Mobile First
Programming Languages
1 273 (82.48%) JavaScript
2 81 (24.47%) PHP
2 81 (24.47%) TypeScript
3 69 (20.85%) C#
4 54 (16.31%) ES6
5 19 (5.74%) SQL
6 15 (4.53%) Java
6 15 (4.53%) Python
7 6 (1.81%) PHP 5
7 6 (1.81%) Scala
8 3 (0.91%) ES7
8 3 (0.91%) PowerShell
8 3 (0.91%) T-SQL
9 1 (0.30%) Apple Swift
9 1 (0.30%) Kotlin
9 1 (0.30%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 32 (9.67%) Degree
2 10 (3.02%) Computer Science Degree
3 2 (0.60%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (5.74%) QA
2 1 (0.30%) GDPR
System Software
1 46 (13.90%) Docker
2 1 (0.30%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 5 (1.51%) Kubernetes
2 2 (0.60%) Ansible
3 1 (0.30%) Packer
3 1 (0.30%) Terraform
Vendors
1 23 (6.95%) Microsoft
2 20 (6.04%) SAP
3 19 (5.74%) Google
4 11 (3.32%) Zend
5 9 (2.72%) Adobe
6 5 (1.51%) Cognizant
7 3 (0.91%) Oracle
8 2 (0.60%) Autodesk
8 2 (0.60%) Intel
9 1 (0.30%) Salesforce.com
9 1 (0.30%) Sitecore