Period
to 29 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 29 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK
6 months to
29 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 494 593 438
Rank change year-on-year +99 -155 -39
Permanent jobs citing LESS 451 601 1,199
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.50% 0.42% 0.70%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.26% 1.09% 1.72%
Number of salaries quoted 373 531 1,055
Median annual salary £57,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +15.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £32,500 £27,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £80,000 £70,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +17.65% +6.25% -

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 35,661 55,294 69,901
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.74% 38.44% 40.52%
Number of salaries quoted 29,271 45,267 58,441
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,500 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +7.14%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LESS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing LESS.

Salary trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing LESS over the 6 months to 29 May 2020.

Salary histogram for LESS in the UK

LESS
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 6 months to 29 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +118 435 £60,000 +20.00% 43
UK excluding London +68 228 £50,000 +17.65% 30
London +146 214 £72,500 +31.82% 15
South East +2 75 £60,000 +14.29% 4
North of England +118 51 £50,000 +33.33% 15
Work from Home +55 41 £53,500 +7.00% 5
East of England +100 36 £55,000 +10.00%
Midlands +85 36 £37,500 - 5
South West +77 23 £42,500 +21.43% 4
Yorkshire +103 22 £45,000 +20.00% 5
West Midlands +66 20 £55,000 +46.67% 5
North West +60 20 £55,000 +37.50% 8
East Midlands +66 16 £35,000 -6.67%
North East +20 9 £51,500 +47.14% 2
Scotland +45 4 £30,000 -29.41% 2
Wales -1 2 £40,000 +17.65%
Northern Ireland +24 1 - -

For the 6 months to 29 May 2020, IT jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 410 (90.91%) CSS
2 404 (89.58%) Sass
3 387 (85.81%) JavaScript
4 363 (80.49%) HTML
5 284 (62.97%) Agile Software Development
6 244 (54.10%) AngularJS
7 243 (53.88%) Front End Development
8 210 (46.56%) React
9 190 (42.13%) HTML5
10 180 (39.91%) CSS3
11 159 (35.25%) Git (software)
12 132 (29.27%) Node.js
12 132 (29.27%) User Experience
13 131 (29.05%) TypeScript
14 117 (25.94%) webpack
15 114 (25.28%) ES6
16 102 (22.62%) TDD
17 92 (20.40%) jQuery
17 92 (20.40%) Finance
18 87 (19.29%) Vue.js
19 80 (17.74%) Unit Testing
19 80 (17.74%) Web Development
20 76 (16.85%) .NET
20 76 (16.85%) DevOps
21 73 (16.19%) REST
22 72 (15.96%) Redux
23 71 (15.74%) npm
24 68 (15.08%) Jest
24 68 (15.08%) Twitter Bootstrap
25 67 (14.86%) PHP

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (8.65%) CMS
2 24 (5.32%) Confluence
3 21 (4.66%) SharePoint
4 8 (1.77%) WordPress
5 7 (1.55%) Elasticsearch
5 7 (1.55%) nginx
5 7 (1.55%) Sitecore CMS
6 4 (0.89%) Drupal
7 3 (0.67%) Apache
7 3 (0.67%) NServiceBus
8 2 (0.44%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 2 (0.44%) Umbraco
9 1 (0.22%) IIS
9 1 (0.22%) JBoss
9 1 (0.22%) Liferay
9 1 (0.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 1 (0.22%) Oracle Workflow
9 1 (0.22%) WebLogic
9 1 (0.22%) WildFly
Applications
1 38 (8.43%) Photoshop
2 32 (7.10%) Zeplin
3 31 (6.87%) InVision
3 31 (6.87%) Sketch
4 26 (5.76%) Adobe XD
5 12 (2.66%) Adobe Illustrator
6 6 (1.33%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 2 (0.44%) Figma
8 1 (0.22%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 7 (1.55%) Magento
2 2 (0.44%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 71 (15.74%) npm
2 66 (14.63%) AWS
3 37 (8.20%) Azure
4 23 (5.10%) GitHub
4 23 (5.10%) SaaS
5 22 (4.88%) Amazon SQS
6 20 (4.43%) Office 365
7 5 (1.11%) GCP
8 4 (0.89%) PaaS
8 4 (0.89%) Serverless
8 4 (0.89%) Yarn
9 3 (0.67%) OpenShift
10 2 (0.44%) Azure Active Directory
10 2 (0.44%) Google Tag Manager
11 1 (0.22%) Adobe Creative Cloud
11 1 (0.22%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 1 (0.22%) Amazon EC2
11 1 (0.22%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 1 (0.22%) AWS Lambda
11 1 (0.22%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 4 (0.89%) Internet
2 3 (0.67%) HTTP
3 2 (0.44%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.22%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 36 (7.98%) SQL Server
2 27 (5.99%) PostgreSQL
3 25 (5.54%) MySQL
3 25 (5.54%) Relational Database
4 22 (4.88%) Amazon RDS
5 12 (2.66%) MongoDB
6 7 (1.55%) NoSQL
7 4 (0.89%) Azure SQL Database
8 3 (0.67%) Blockchain
8 3 (0.67%) Couchbase
9 2 (0.44%) Cosmos DB
10 1 (0.22%) Data Mining
10 1 (0.22%) MariaDB
10 1 (0.22%) Microsoft Analysis Services
10 1 (0.22%) Power BI
10 1 (0.22%) PowerPivot
10 1 (0.22%) QlikView
10 1 (0.22%) Redis
10 1 (0.22%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 1 (0.22%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 159 (35.25%) Git (software)
2 117 (25.94%) webpack
3 59 (13.08%) Grunt
4 58 (12.86%) gulp
5 56 (12.42%) Jasmine
6 36 (7.98%) Balsamiq
7 34 (7.54%) Karma Test Runner
8 31 (6.87%) Jenkins
9 27 (5.99%) JIRA
10 25 (5.54%) Maven
11 24 (5.32%) Axure RP
12 16 (3.55%) JsTestDriver
12 16 (3.55%) Mocha
12 16 (3.55%) Protractor
13 15 (3.33%) Octopus Deploy
14 14 (3.10%) Team Foundation Server
14 14 (3.10%) TeamCity
15 13 (2.88%) Babel
16 11 (2.44%) Selenium
17 9 (2.00%) Subversion
General
1 92 (20.40%) Finance
2 42 (9.31%) Marketing
3 27 (5.99%) Games
4 26 (5.76%) Retail
5 17 (3.77%) Legal
6 12 (2.66%) Financial Institution
7 7 (1.55%) Automotive
8 6 (1.33%) Banking
9 4 (0.89%) Publishing
10 2 (0.44%) Law
11 1 (0.22%) Advertising
11 1 (0.22%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 374 (82.93%) Developer
2 235 (52.11%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 141 (31.26%) Senior Developer
4 100 (22.17%) Senior Front-End Developer
5 54 (11.97%) React Developer
6 46 (10.20%) Angular Developer
7 45 (9.98%) JavaScript Developer
8 34 (7.54%) Web Developer
9 33 (7.32%) UI Developer
10 25 (5.54%) Full Stack Developer
11 23 (5.10%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 22 (4.88%) Software Developer
13 20 (4.43%) Senior React Developer
14 19 (4.21%) Senior Software Developer
14 19 (4.21%) Technical Leader
15 17 (3.77%) .NET Developer
16 16 (3.55%) Designer
17 13 (2.88%) HTML Developer
18 11 (2.44%) C# Developer
18 11 (2.44%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 410 (90.91%) CSS
2 404 (89.58%) Sass
3 363 (80.49%) HTML
4 244 (54.10%) AngularJS
5 210 (46.56%) React
6 190 (42.13%) HTML5
7 180 (39.91%) CSS3
8 132 (29.27%) Node.js
9 92 (20.40%) jQuery
10 87 (19.29%) Vue.js
11 76 (16.85%) .NET
12 73 (16.19%) REST
13 72 (15.96%) Redux
14 68 (15.08%) Jest
14 68 (15.08%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 47 (10.42%) Angular 2
16 33 (7.32%) .NET Framework
16 33 (7.32%) RESTful
17 32 (7.10%) Enzyme
17 32 (7.10%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 132 (29.27%) User Experience
2 25 (5.54%) Greenfield Project
2 25 (5.54%) Self-Motivation
3 18 (3.99%) Analytical Skills
4 11 (2.44%) Contract for Difference
5 10 (2.22%) Mobile App
6 7 (1.55%) W3C
7 4 (0.89%) Animation
7 4 (0.89%) Data Centre
8 3 (0.67%) Linux Command Line
8 3 (0.67%) Vector Graphics
9 2 (0.44%) Algorithms
9 2 (0.44%) Data Structures
9 2 (0.44%) e-Learning
9 2 (0.44%) Enterprise Software
9 2 (0.44%) Motion Graphics
9 2 (0.44%) NHS
9 2 (0.44%) RIA
9 2 (0.44%) Social Network
9 2 (0.44%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 29 (6.43%) Linux
2 18 (3.99%) Mac OS X
3 4 (0.89%) Android
3 4 (0.89%) Apple iOS
4 2 (0.44%) Debian
4 2 (0.44%) Ubuntu
5 1 (0.22%) Unix
5 1 (0.22%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 284 (62.97%) Agile Software Development
2 243 (53.88%) Front End Development
3 102 (22.62%) TDD
4 80 (17.74%) Unit Testing
4 80 (17.74%) Web Development
5 76 (16.85%) DevOps
6 66 (14.63%) Scrum
7 58 (12.86%) MVC
8 50 (11.09%) Test Automation
9 47 (10.42%) Continuous Integration
10 46 (10.20%) BDD
11 43 (9.53%) Problem-Solving
12 42 (9.31%) Software Engineering
13 34 (7.54%) Fintech
13 34 (7.54%) Responsive Web Design
14 32 (7.10%) E-Commerce
15 30 (6.65%) Line Management
16 28 (6.21%) Coaching
16 28 (6.21%) Web Accessibility
16 28 (6.21%) Wireframes
Programming Languages
1 387 (85.81%) JavaScript
2 131 (29.05%) TypeScript
3 114 (25.28%) ES6
4 67 (14.86%) PHP
5 60 (13.30%) Java
6 51 (11.31%) C#
7 43 (9.53%) SQL
8 22 (4.88%) AspectJ
8 22 (4.88%) Java 8
9 18 (3.99%) Python
9 18 (3.99%) Ruby
10 8 (1.77%) ES7
11 6 (1.33%) Bash Shell
12 4 (0.89%) PHP 7
13 3 (0.67%) PHP 5
14 2 (0.44%) ES8
14 2 (0.44%) Go
14 2 (0.44%) Shell Script
14 2 (0.44%) T-SQL
14 2 (0.44%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 15 (3.33%) Degree
2 9 (2.00%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (7.32%) QA
2 1 (0.22%) WAI
2 1 (0.22%) WCAG
System Software
1 59 (13.08%) Docker
2 2 (0.44%) Active Directory
2 2 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 13 (2.88%) Mesos
2 11 (2.44%) Kubernetes
3 4 (0.89%) Kibana
4 1 (0.22%) Graylog
4 1 (0.22%) Puppet
4 1 (0.22%) Terraform
Vendors
1 35 (7.76%) Adobe
2 29 (6.43%) Microsoft
2 29 (6.43%) Oracle
3 23 (5.10%) Zend
4 13 (2.88%) Google
5 7 (1.55%) Sitecore
6 4 (0.89%) Netlify
7 3 (0.67%) Optimizely
8 2 (0.44%) Apple
9 1 (0.22%) Autodesk
9 1 (0.22%) HubSpot
9 1 (0.22%) New Relic
9 1 (0.22%) Remedy
9 1 (0.22%) Samsung
9 1 (0.22%) SAP
9 1 (0.22%) Sencha
9 1 (0.22%) Tableau