Period
to 30 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 30 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK
6 months to
30 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 424 531 440
Rank change year-on-year +107 -91 -24
Permanent jobs citing LESS 283 666 1,154
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.57% 0.49% 0.70%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.29% 1.29% 1.76%
Number of salaries quoted 253 611 933
Median annual salary £60,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +20.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £78,750 £73,750 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% +11.76% +6.25%

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 21,901 51,809 65,714
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.82% 37.80% 39.94%
Number of salaries quoted 18,689 42,715 54,240
Median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LESS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing LESS.

Salary trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing LESS over the 6 months to 30 October 2020.

Salary histogram for LESS in the UK

LESS
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 6 months to 30 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +103 267 £60,000 +20.00% 72
UK excluding London +103 166 £50,000 +5.26% 54
London +167 111 £65,000 +8.33% 23
Midlands +130 46 £42,500 +2.41% 16
South East +83 40 £55,000 +10.00% 10
East Midlands +104 26 £40,000 +10.34% 4
East of England +115 25 £65,000 +44.44% 5
North of England +105 24 £58,750 +30.56% 15
Work from Home -7 24 £50,000 -4.76% 21
West Midlands +103 20 £52,500 +5.00% 12
South West +76 18 £46,000 -8.00% 3
North West +80 15 £65,000 +43.65% 11
Yorkshire +108 7 £60,000 +60.00% 2
Northern Ireland +25 6 £35,000 +11.11% 1
Scotland +74 4 £46,250 +2.78% 3
Wales +51 3 £30,000 -20.00% 1
North East - 2 £32,500 - 2

For the 6 months to 30 October 2020, IT jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 268 (94.70%) CSS
2 247 (87.28%) Sass
3 239 (84.45%) HTML
4 232 (81.98%) JavaScript
5 178 (62.90%) AngularJS
6 162 (57.24%) HTML5
7 138 (48.76%) CSS3
8 129 (45.58%) Agile Software Development
9 118 (41.70%) Git (software)
10 98 (34.63%) Front End Development
11 79 (27.92%) Vue.js
12 78 (27.56%) TDD
13 73 (25.80%) PHP
13 73 (25.80%) Node.js
14 71 (25.09%) Software Engineering
14 71 (25.09%) React
15 68 (24.03%) User Experience
16 65 (22.97%) Azure
17 63 (22.26%) DevOps
18 58 (20.49%) MVC
18 58 (20.49%) TypeScript
19 57 (20.14%) Web Services
19 57 (20.14%) npm
20 55 (19.43%) webpack
20 55 (19.43%) AWS
21 54 (19.08%) jQuery
22 53 (18.73%) Grunt
23 52 (18.37%) RESTful
23 52 (18.37%) C#
24 51 (18.02%) Docker

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (9.89%) CMS
2 23 (8.13%) WordPress
3 19 (6.71%) Drupal
4 18 (6.36%) Elasticsearch
5 11 (3.89%) SharePoint
6 8 (2.83%) Confluence
6 8 (2.83%) IIS
7 2 (0.71%) EPiServer
7 2 (0.71%) Joomla!
8 1 (0.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 1 (0.35%) Apache
8 1 (0.35%) Apache Solr
8 1 (0.35%) nginx
8 1 (0.35%) Umbraco
Applications
1 26 (9.19%) Photoshop
2 6 (2.12%) Zeplin
3 5 (1.77%) InVision
3 5 (1.77%) Sketch
4 4 (1.41%) Adobe Illustrator
5 3 (1.06%) Moqups
6 1 (0.35%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 1 (0.35%) Figma
Business Applications
1 5 (1.77%) Magento
2 3 (1.06%) Shopify
3 2 (0.71%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 65 (22.97%) Azure
2 57 (20.14%) npm
3 55 (19.43%) AWS
4 25 (8.83%) SaaS
5 12 (4.24%) GCP
6 11 (3.89%) Office 365
7 6 (2.12%) Serverless
8 2 (0.71%) GitHub
8 2 (0.71%) Yarn
9 1 (0.35%) AWS Lambda
9 1 (0.35%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 1 (0.35%) FTP
1 1 (0.35%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (12.37%) Relational Database
2 32 (11.31%) MySQL
3 26 (9.19%) SQL Server
4 23 (8.13%) NoSQL
5 9 (3.18%) MongoDB
6 6 (2.12%) RDBMS
7 3 (1.06%) PostgreSQL
8 2 (0.71%) Blockchain
8 2 (0.71%) Redis
8 2 (0.71%) SQL Server 2012
9 1 (0.35%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 118 (41.70%) Git (software)
2 55 (19.43%) webpack
3 53 (18.73%) Grunt
4 48 (16.96%) Jenkins
5 29 (10.25%) gulp
6 16 (5.65%) Bower
7 15 (5.30%) Jasmine
8 13 (4.59%) Mocha
9 10 (3.53%) Babel
9 10 (3.53%) JIRA
9 10 (3.53%) Team Foundation Server
10 8 (2.83%) Protractor
11 7 (2.47%) Karma Test Runner
11 7 (2.47%) Oracle Forms
12 6 (2.12%) Subversion
13 3 (1.06%) PostCSS
14 2 (0.71%) GitLab
14 2 (0.71%) Hudson
15 1 (0.35%) Cucumber
15 1 (0.35%) Vagrant
General
1 35 (12.37%) Finance
2 27 (9.54%) Publishing
3 17 (6.01%) Marketing
4 14 (4.95%) Manufacturing
5 9 (3.18%) Games
6 8 (2.83%) Electronics
6 8 (2.83%) Financial Institution
6 8 (2.83%) Public Sector
6 8 (2.83%) Telecoms
7 4 (1.41%) Banking
8 2 (0.71%) Retail
Job Titles
1 202 (71.38%) Developer
2 87 (30.74%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 59 (20.85%) Senior Developer
4 51 (18.02%) Software Engineer
5 33 (11.66%) Angular Developer
6 32 (11.31%) PHP Developer
7 31 (10.95%) Senior Front-End Developer
8 28 (9.89%) JavaScript Developer
9 27 (9.54%) JavaScript Engineer
10 24 (8.48%) Backend Developer
11 21 (7.42%) Software Developer
12 20 (7.07%) C# Software Engineer
12 20 (7.07%) React Developer
13 18 (6.36%) .NET Developer
13 18 (6.36%) Web Developer
14 12 (4.24%) .NET Software Engineer
14 12 (4.24%) Senior Software Developer
15 11 (3.89%) Drupal Developer
16 9 (3.18%) Junior Developer
16 9 (3.18%) Lead Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 268 (94.70%) CSS
2 247 (87.28%) Sass
3 239 (84.45%) HTML
4 178 (62.90%) AngularJS
5 162 (57.24%) HTML5
6 138 (48.76%) CSS3
7 79 (27.92%) Vue.js
8 73 (25.80%) Node.js
9 71 (25.09%) React
10 57 (20.14%) Web Services
11 54 (19.08%) jQuery
12 52 (18.37%) RESTful
13 50 (17.67%) .NET
14 38 (13.43%) REST
15 37 (13.07%) Laravel
16 36 (12.72%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 35 (12.37%) ASP.NET
18 30 (10.60%) Vuetify.js
19 27 (9.54%) Angular 2
20 23 (8.13%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 68 (24.03%) User Experience
2 21 (7.42%) Analytical Skills
3 11 (3.89%) Greenfield Project
3 11 (3.89%) Mobile App
4 8 (2.83%) Data Structures
4 8 (2.83%) Self-Motivation
5 7 (2.47%) Enterprise Software
6 4 (1.41%) Social Network
6 4 (1.41%) W3C
7 3 (1.06%) e-Learning
7 3 (1.06%) Embedded Systems
8 2 (0.71%) Graphic Design
8 2 (0.71%) Learning Management System
9 1 (0.35%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 8 (2.83%) Linux
2 2 (0.71%) Windows
3 1 (0.35%) Android
3 1 (0.35%) Apple iOS
3 1 (0.35%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 129 (45.58%) Agile Software Development
2 98 (34.63%) Front End Development
3 78 (27.56%) TDD
4 71 (25.09%) Software Engineering
5 63 (22.26%) DevOps
6 58 (20.49%) MVC
7 48 (16.96%) Problem-Solving
8 45 (15.90%) Web Development
9 40 (14.13%) Responsive Web Design
10 34 (12.01%) Analytics
11 32 (11.31%) Unit Testing
12 29 (10.25%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
12 29 (10.25%) Software Delivery
13 25 (8.83%) Microservices
14 21 (7.42%) BDD
14 21 (7.42%) Scrum
15 19 (6.71%) OWASP
16 18 (6.36%) Continuous Integration
16 18 (6.36%) E-Commerce
17 17 (6.01%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 232 (81.98%) JavaScript
2 73 (25.80%) PHP
3 58 (20.49%) TypeScript
4 52 (18.37%) C#
5 41 (14.49%) ES6
6 28 (9.89%) SQL
7 7 (2.47%) Python
8 6 (2.12%) Java
9 4 (1.41%) ES7
9 4 (1.41%) ES8
10 3 (1.06%) PowerShell
11 2 (0.71%) T-SQL
12 1 (0.35%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 10 (3.53%) Degree
2 1 (0.35%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (3.89%) QA
2 5 (1.77%) GDPR
3 1 (0.35%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 51 (18.02%) Docker
Systems Management
1 2 (0.71%) Kubernetes
1 2 (0.71%) Terraform
2 1 (0.35%) Ansible
Vendors
1 28 (9.89%) Microsoft
2 14 (4.95%) Google
3 9 (3.18%) Adobe
3 9 (3.18%) SAP
4 7 (2.47%) Oracle
5 6 (2.12%) Autodesk
5 6 (2.12%) Zend
6 2 (0.71%) Intel
7 1 (0.35%) Apple
7 1 (0.35%) ATG
7 1 (0.35%) Demandware
7 1 (0.35%) hybris
7 1 (0.35%) Salesforce.com
7 1 (0.35%) WooCommerce