Period
to 20 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 20 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK
6 months to
20 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 417 386 420
Rank change year-on-year -31 +34 +143
Permanent jobs citing LESS 1310 1487 1607
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.73% 0.79% 0.73%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.81% 2.04% 1.93%
Number of salaries quoted 1140 1331 1375
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000
10th Percentile £27,500 £29,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £67,500 £70,000 £67,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £37,500 £40,000 £35,000
% change year-on-year -6.25% +14.29% +2.94%

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 72189 72861 83089
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.16% 38.95% 37.99%
Number of salaries quoted 60006 63236 71019
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +1.12%
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +1.19% +5.00% -

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing LESS.

Salary trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing LESS over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Salary histogram for LESS in the UK

LESS
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 6 months to 20 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -25 1219 £45,000 -5.26% 106
UK excluding London +26 780 £37,500 -6.25% 69
London -81 518 £55,000 - 38
South East -21 210 £45,000 - 24
North of England +23 170 £37,500 -2.60% 20
Midlands +43 149 £32,500 - 17
West Midlands +31 101 £31,500 -3.08% 10
North West +5 99 £40,000 +6.67% 8
South West +17 97 £45,000 +12.50% 3
East of England +41 82 £37,500 -25.00% 4
Yorkshire +12 66 £35,000 -17.65% 10
East Midlands +37 48 £40,000 +14.29% 7
Scotland -28 46 £40,000 +3.23% 1
Wales +21 29 £35,000 +3.70%
Northern Ireland -26 6 - -
North East -3 5 £40,938 +9.17% 2

For the 6 months to 20 November 2017, IT jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 1238 (94.50%) CSS
2 1211 (92.44%) JavaScript
3 1116 (85.19%) HTML
4 1016 (77.56%) Sass
5 814 (62.14%) AngularJS
6 703 (53.66%) HTML5
7 623 (47.56%) CSS3
8 613 (46.79%) Front End Development
9 595 (45.42%) Agile Software Development
10 589 (44.96%) jQuery
11 504 (38.47%) Git (software)
12 454 (34.66%) React
13 435 (33.21%) User Experience
14 426 (32.52%) MVC
15 381 (29.08%) .NET
16 356 (27.18%) Web Development
17 354 (27.02%) C#
18 300 (22.90%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 294 (22.44%) Node.js
20 271 (20.69%) TDD
21 268 (20.46%) PHP
22 259 (19.77%) ASP.NET
23 243 (18.55%) gulp
24 231 (17.63%) Responsive Web Design
24 231 (17.63%) SQL Server
25 222 (16.95%) Scrum
26 211 (16.11%) SQL
27 207 (15.80%) Grunt
28 171 (13.05%) OO
29 167 (12.75%) Amazon AWS

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 152 (11.60%) CMS
2 100 (7.63%) WordPress
3 36 (2.75%) EPiServer
4 34 (2.60%) Umbraco
5 32 (2.44%) Apache
6 29 (2.21%) IIS
7 26 (1.98%) Elasticsearch
8 22 (1.68%) Drupal
9 21 (1.60%) Confluence
9 21 (1.60%) Sitecore CMS
10 19 (1.45%) SharePoint
11 10 (0.76%) Hyperledger
12 9 (0.69%) ExpressionEngine
13 8 (0.61%) SharePoint 2013
14 7 (0.53%) Ethereum
15 6 (0.46%) Apache Solr
15 6 (0.46%) JBoss
15 6 (0.46%) nginx
15 6 (0.46%) Tomcat
15 6 (0.46%) WildFly
Applications
1 88 (6.72%) Photoshop
2 42 (3.21%) Adobe Illustrator
3 12 (0.92%) InVision
4 9 (0.69%) Moqups
5 8 (0.61%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 7 (0.53%) GIMP
7 3 (0.23%) HipChat
7 3 (0.23%) InDesign
7 3 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
7 3 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.076%) Adobe After Effects
8 1 (0.076%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.076%) Final Cut Pro
8 1 (0.076%) OmniGraffle
8 1 (0.076%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 17 (1.30%) Magento
2 14 (1.07%) Eloqua
3 13 (0.99%) SAP Hybris
4 5 (0.38%) WebTrends
5 4 (0.31%) Shopify
6 3 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
6 3 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
6 3 (0.23%) NetSuite
6 3 (0.23%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 167 (12.75%) Amazon AWS
2 137 (10.46%) Microsoft Azure
3 134 (10.23%) npm
4 70 (5.34%) SaaS
5 68 (5.19%) GitHub
6 29 (2.21%) IBM Cloud
7 26 (1.98%) Bluemix
7 26 (1.98%) PaaS
8 16 (1.22%) Adobe Creative Cloud
8 16 (1.22%) IaaS
9 14 (1.07%) Office 365
10 9 (0.69%) Heroku
11 7 (0.53%) Cloud Computing
12 6 (0.46%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
12 6 (0.46%) Google Analytics
13 5 (0.38%) Google Cloud Platform
14 4 (0.31%) Azure Active Directory
14 4 (0.31%) Serverless
15 3 (0.23%) SoftLayer
16 2 (0.15%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 42 (3.21%) HTTP
2 32 (2.44%) Internet
3 20 (1.53%) SMS
4 9 (0.69%) SSH
5 8 (0.61%) DNS
5 8 (0.61%) Intranet
6 3 (0.23%) Broadband
7 2 (0.15%) SSL
8 1 (0.076%) LDAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 231 (17.63%) SQL Server
2 158 (12.06%) MySQL
3 97 (7.40%) NoSQL
4 55 (4.20%) MongoDB
5 50 (3.82%) Relational Database
6 42 (3.21%) PostgreSQL
7 28 (2.14%) Redis
8 22 (1.68%) Couchbase
9 18 (1.37%) Azure SQL Database
9 18 (1.37%) CouchDB
9 18 (1.37%) SQL Server 2008
10 15 (1.15%) Big Data
11 13 (0.99%) SQL Server 2012
12 12 (0.92%) RDBMS
13 9 (0.69%) Blockchain
13 9 (0.69%) Endeca
14 8 (0.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 7 (0.53%) DocumentDB
16 6 (0.46%) Ingres
16 6 (0.46%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 504 (38.47%) Git (software)
2 243 (18.55%) gulp
3 207 (15.80%) Grunt
4 143 (10.92%) Jasmine
5 126 (9.62%) webpack
6 116 (8.85%) Subversion
7 104 (7.94%) JIRA
8 101 (7.71%) Visual Studio
9 86 (6.56%) Bower
10 85 (6.49%) Selenium
11 83 (6.34%) Karma Test Runner
12 69 (5.27%) Team Foundation Server
13 65 (4.96%) Mocha
14 52 (3.97%) Protractor
15 49 (3.74%) Jenkins
16 38 (2.90%) TeamCity
17 26 (1.98%) Bitbucket
17 26 (1.98%) Octopus Deploy
18 22 (1.68%) PostCSS
19 21 (1.60%) Sinon.JS
General
1 132 (10.08%) Finance
2 128 (9.77%) Marketing
3 64 (4.89%) Advertising
4 57 (4.35%) Retail
5 31 (2.37%) Legal
6 27 (2.06%) Automotive
7 24 (1.83%) Banking
8 20 (1.53%) Law
9 19 (1.45%) Games
10 10 (0.76%) Electronics
10 10 (0.76%) Telecoms
11 9 (0.69%) Back Office
11 9 (0.69%) Publishing
12 7 (0.53%) Investment Banking
13 6 (0.46%) Financial Institution
14 4 (0.31%) Manufacturing
15 3 (0.23%) Front Office
15 3 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
16 2 (0.15%) French Language
17 1 (0.076%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 1149 (87.71%) Developer
2 501 (38.24%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 253 (19.31%) JavaScript Developer
4 197 (15.04%) Web Developer
5 194 (14.81%) Senior Developer
6 173 (13.21%) .NET Developer
7 148 (11.30%) HTML Developer
8 131 (10.00%) C# Developer
9 127 (9.69%) HTML CSS Developer
10 120 (9.16%) Angular Developer
11 103 (7.86%) C# .NET Developer
12 102 (7.79%) Full Stack Developer
13 98 (7.48%) PHP Developer
14 85 (6.49%) Senior Front-End Developer
15 78 (5.95%) ASP.NET Developer
16 70 (5.34%) Software Developer
17 68 (5.19%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 62 (4.73%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 62 (4.73%) Lead Developer
19 61 (4.66%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1238 (94.50%) CSS
2 1116 (85.19%) HTML
3 1016 (77.56%) Sass
4 814 (62.14%) AngularJS
5 703 (53.66%) HTML5
6 623 (47.56%) CSS3
7 589 (44.96%) jQuery
8 454 (34.66%) React
9 381 (29.08%) .NET
10 300 (22.90%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 294 (22.44%) Node.js
12 259 (19.77%) ASP.NET
13 165 (12.60%) ASP.NET Web API
13 165 (12.60%) REST
14 163 (12.44%) Ajax
15 158 (12.06%) Web Services
16 155 (11.83%) RESTful
17 133 (10.15%) ASP.NET MVC
18 129 (9.85%) Backbone.js
19 120 (9.16%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 435 (33.21%) User Experience
2 123 (9.39%) Mobile App
3 115 (8.78%) Greenfield Project
4 87 (6.64%) Computer Science
5 54 (4.12%) Fintech
6 23 (1.76%) W3C
7 22 (1.68%) Linux Command Line
8 20 (1.53%) Analytical Skills
9 19 (1.45%) Cloud Native
10 17 (1.30%) Digital Media
11 16 (1.22%) Algorithms
11 16 (1.22%) Blog
12 15 (1.15%) Social Media
13 14 (1.07%) Enterprise Software
13 14 (1.07%) Graphic Design
14 9 (0.69%) Animation
14 9 (0.69%) Arduino
14 9 (0.69%) N-Tier
15 8 (0.61%) Data Centre
16 7 (0.53%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 103 (7.86%) Linux
2 72 (5.50%) Android
2 72 (5.50%) Apple iOS
3 40 (3.05%) Windows
4 36 (2.75%) Unix
5 4 (0.31%) Mac OS X
6 3 (0.23%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.15%) DC/OS
7 2 (0.15%) Ubuntu
7 2 (0.15%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.076%) Debian
8 1 (0.076%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 613 (46.79%) Front End Development
2 595 (45.42%) Agile Software Development
3 426 (32.52%) MVC
4 356 (27.18%) Web Development
5 271 (20.69%) TDD
6 231 (17.63%) Responsive Web Design
7 222 (16.95%) Scrum
8 171 (13.05%) OO
9 167 (12.75%) Unit Testing
10 144 (10.99%) Software Engineering
11 143 (10.92%) E-Commerce
12 132 (10.08%) OOP
13 121 (9.24%) SEO
14 117 (8.93%) BDD
15 115 (8.78%) Test Automation
16 97 (7.40%) Web Design
17 95 (7.25%) Continuous Integration
18 86 (6.56%) Analytics
19 80 (6.11%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
20 79 (6.03%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 1211 (92.44%) JavaScript
2 354 (27.02%) C#
3 268 (20.46%) PHP
4 211 (16.11%) SQL
5 162 (12.37%) ES6
6 135 (10.31%) TypeScript
7 134 (10.23%) Java
8 55 (4.20%) Python
9 38 (2.90%) Ruby
10 33 (2.52%) C
10 33 (2.52%) T-SQL
11 26 (1.98%) ECMAScript
12 18 (1.37%) PowerShell
12 18 (1.37%) Scala
13 15 (1.15%) PHP 7
14 14 (1.07%) VB.NET
15 10 (0.76%) Bash Shell
16 9 (0.69%) XPath
17 7 (0.53%) Groovy
18 4 (0.31%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 147 (11.22%) Degree
2 55 (4.20%) Computer Science Degree
3 12 (0.92%) Microsoft Certification
4 9 (0.69%) Master's Degree
5 8 (0.61%) MCSD
6 4 (0.31%) Security Cleared
7 3 (0.23%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 64 (4.89%) QA
2 6 (0.46%) WCAG
3 4 (0.31%) WAI
System Software
1 86 (6.56%) Docker
2 5 (0.38%) Varnish
3 4 (0.31%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.076%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.076%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 25 (1.91%) Kubernetes
2 18 (1.37%) Puppet
3 10 (0.76%) Ansible
4 6 (0.46%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
5 5 (0.38%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.076%) Plesk
Vendors
1 137 (10.46%) Microsoft
2 87 (6.64%) Google
3 56 (4.27%) Adobe
4 35 (2.67%) Xamarin
5 30 (2.29%) HP
6 26 (1.98%) IBM
6 26 (1.98%) Sitecore
7 22 (1.68%) Facebook
8 20 (1.53%) Oracle
9 19 (1.45%) SAP
10 17 (1.30%) Twitter
11 16 (1.22%) hybris
12 14 (1.07%) Marketo
12 14 (1.07%) Zend
13 11 (0.84%) Xero
14 9 (0.69%) BroadVision
15 8 (0.61%) Atlassian
16 7 (0.53%) Capita
16 7 (0.53%) Dell
17 6 (0.46%) GoCardless