The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 26 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

3 months to
26 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK
Rank 369 433 447
Rank change year-on-year +64 +14  
Permanent jobs citing LESS 651 694 665
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.78% 0.67% 0.62%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.94% 1.75% 1.66%
Number of salaries quoted 577 615 568
Median salary £45,000 £45,000 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +12.50%  
90% offered a salary of more than £34,300 £30,000 £26,000
10% offered a salary of more than £65,000 £62,250 £57,500
UK excluding London median salary £40,000 £35,000 £35,000
% change year-on-year +14.28% -  

LESS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Software Library & Framework Skills
UK
Permanent job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 33569 39639 40144
As % of all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 39.99% 38.34% 37.72%
Number of salaries quoted 28635 34132 34071
Median salary £45,000 £45,000 £44,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +2.27%  
90% offered a salary of more than £31,500 £30,500 £30,000
10% offered a salary of more than £70,000 £65,000 £67,500
UK excluding London median salary £40,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25%  

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing LESS as a proportion of all permanent or contract IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing LESS.

Salary trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing LESS over the 3 months to 26 March 2017.

Salary histogram for LESS in the UK

LESS
Top 30 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 3 months to 26 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Last 3 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +59 619 £45,000 - 142
London +4 270 £55,000 - 54
South East +69 96 £45,000 +18.42% 23
Yorkshire +1 55 £37,500 +7.14% 14
South West +41 43 £45,000 +38.46% 4
East of England -2 43 £45,000 +48.76% 8
West Midlands +61 42 £37,500 +25.00% 12
North West -6 40 £42,500 +13.33% 17
West Yorkshire +14 39 £37,500 +7.14% 11
Hampshire +61 38 £35,000 +7.69% 7
Manchester +1 34 £40,000 +6.66% 10
East Midlands +30 33 £36,250 -29.26% 4
City of London +34 31 £51,250 +13.88% 11
Bristol +25 28 £52,500 +61.53% 2
Leeds -1 21 £35,000 - 9
Bedfordshire +35 18 £46,875 -1.31% 3
Surrey +33 16 £43,750 +19.86% 3
Scotland +29 16 £36,250 +8.20% 5
Oxfordshire +14 16 £45,000 +18.42% 4
Birmingham +27 14 £35,000 +2.94% 5
Berkshire +39 13 £62,500 +31.57% 1
Nottinghamshire +23 13 £37,500 +7.14% 3
Nottingham +20 13 £37,500 +7.14% 3
South Wales +22 12 £34,500 - 1
Wales +16 12 £34,500 - 2
Edinburgh +14 12 £37,500 +17.18% 4
Huddersfield - 12 £37,500 - 1
Coventry - 12 £40,000 - 2
Gloucestershire +16 11 £37,500 +7.14% 1
Winchester +21 10 £35,000 +27.27% 3

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 26 March 2017, IT jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 1299 (95.16%) JavaScript
2 1287 (94.29%) CSS
3 1219 (89.30%) HTML
4 1112 (81.47%) Sass
5 871 (63.81%) HTML5
6 837 (61.32%) AngularJS
7 704 (51.58%) Agile Software Development
8 673 (49.30%) CSS3
9 666 (48.79%) Front End Development
10 586 (42.93%) jQuery
11 470 (34.43%) Git (software)
12 460 (33.70%) MVC
13 421 (30.84%) React
14 413 (30.26%) .NET
15 409 (29.96%) Web Development
16 392 (28.72%) C#
17 371 (27.18%) gulp
18 360 (26.37%) User Experience
19 354 (25.93%) Node.js
20 334 (24.47%) Grunt
21 329 (24.10%) Twitter Bootstrap
21 329 (24.10%) TDD
22 295 (21.61%) ASP.NET
23 263 (19.27%) PHP
24 258 (18.90%) Scrum
25 256 (18.75%) OO
26 236 (17.29%) Web Services
27 235 (17.22%) JSON
28 230 (16.85%) REST
29 228 (16.70%) Responsive Web Design

LESS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 128 (9.38%) CMS
2 99 (7.25%) WordPress
3 62 (4.54%) IIS
4 51 (3.74%) Drupal
5 41 (3.00%) Elasticsearch
6 28 (2.05%) Umbraco
7 27 (1.98%) Apache
8 25 (1.83%) NServiceBus
9 18 (1.32%) SharePoint
10 16 (1.17%) nginx
11 15 (1.10%) Apache Solr
11 15 (1.10%) EPiServer
12 14 (1.03%) Tomcat
13 12 (0.88%) Kentico
13 12 (0.88%) Sitecore CMS
14 10 (0.73%) ExpressionEngine
15 6 (0.44%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 6 (0.44%) concrete5
15 6 (0.44%) Confluence
16 5 (0.37%) GlassFish
Applications
1 124 (9.08%) Photoshop
2 49 (3.59%) MS Excel
3 39 (2.86%) Adobe Illustrator
4 19 (1.39%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 17 (1.25%) InVision
6 11 (0.81%) GIMP
7 6 (0.44%) Fireworks
8 5 (0.37%) HipChat
9 2 (0.15%) MS Office
10 1 (0.073%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 55 (4.03%) Magento
2 14 (1.03%) Shopify
3 2 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.15%) WebTrends
4 1 (0.073%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.073%) Kissmetrics
4 1 (0.073%) OpenCart
4 1 (0.073%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 94 (6.89%) Amazon AWS
2 80 (5.86%) Microsoft Azure
3 75 (5.49%) GitHub
4 52 (3.81%) SaaS
5 13 (0.95%) Office 365
6 9 (0.66%) PaaS
7 7 (0.51%) Google Analytics
8 6 (0.44%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
8 6 (0.44%) Cloud Computing
8 6 (0.44%) Heroku
8 6 (0.44%) Sage Pay
9 4 (0.29%) Akamai
10 3 (0.22%) Adobe Analytics
10 3 (0.22%) Amazon S3
10 3 (0.22%) Google Tag Manager
11 2 (0.15%) Amazon EC2
11 2 (0.15%) Google Cloud Platform
12 1 (0.073%) Azure Machine Learning
12 1 (0.073%) Force.com
12 1 (0.073%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 78 (5.71%) HTTP
2 28 (2.05%) Internet
3 12 (0.88%) Intranet
4 7 (0.51%) Wireshark
5 5 (0.37%) LDAP
5 5 (0.37%) SSL
6 4 (0.29%) DNS
6 4 (0.29%) HTTPS
6 4 (0.29%) SSH
7 2 (0.15%) Skype
8 1 (0.073%) DVB
8 1 (0.073%) LAN
8 1 (0.073%) RFID
8 1 (0.073%) WAN
8 1 (0.073%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 226 (16.56%) SQL Server
2 139 (10.18%) MySQL
3 73 (5.35%) MongoDB
4 64 (4.69%) NoSQL
5 62 (4.54%) Redis
6 58 (4.25%) Relational Database
7 53 (3.88%) PostgreSQL
8 36 (2.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 35 (2.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 34 (2.49%) CouchDB
11 31 (2.27%) Azure SQL Database
12 27 (1.98%) Apache Cassandra
13 23 (1.68%) Couchbase
13 23 (1.68%) RavenDB
14 22 (1.61%) Event Store
14 22 (1.61%) SQL Server 2005
15 19 (1.39%) SQL Server 2012
16 16 (1.17%) Blockchain
17 15 (1.10%) SQL Server 2014
17 15 (1.10%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 470 (34.43%) Git (software)
2 371 (27.18%) gulp
3 334 (24.47%) Grunt
4 138 (10.11%) Jasmine
5 101 (7.40%) Subversion
6 99 (7.25%) Bower
7 91 (6.67%) webpack
8 86 (6.30%) Team Foundation Server
9 83 (6.08%) Karma Test Runner
10 82 (6.01%) Jenkins
11 72 (5.27%) Visual Studio
12 62 (4.54%) Selenium
13 57 (4.18%) Mocha
14 55 (4.03%) TeamCity
15 48 (3.52%) JIRA
16 38 (2.78%) Mercurial
17 33 (2.42%) QUnit
18 29 (2.12%) jspm
18 29 (2.12%) JSUnit
19 21 (1.54%) Maven
General
1 159 (11.65%) Finance
2 96 (7.03%) Marketing
3 66 (4.84%) Games
4 48 (3.52%) Banking
5 45 (3.30%) Retail
6 22 (1.61%) Law
6 22 (1.61%) Military
7 19 (1.39%) Investment Banking
8 18 (1.32%) Advertising
8 18 (1.32%) Telecoms
9 10 (0.73%) Legal
10 7 (0.51%) Front Office
11 6 (0.44%) Arabic Language
12 4 (0.29%) Mandarin Language
12 4 (0.29%) Publishing
13 3 (0.22%) Automotive
14 2 (0.15%) Back Office
15 1 (0.073%) Avionics
15 1 (0.073%) Financial Institution
15 1 (0.073%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1280 (93.77%) Developer
2 572 (41.90%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 371 (27.18%) JavaScript Developer
4 261 (19.12%) Senior Developer
5 260 (19.05%) HTML Developer
6 224 (16.41%) Web Developer
7 197 (14.43%) HTML CSS Developer
8 186 (13.63%) .NET Developer
9 157 (11.50%) Angular Developer
10 155 (11.36%) C# Developer
11 129 (9.45%) UI Developer
12 120 (8.79%) C# .NET Developer
13 95 (6.96%) Senior Front-End Developer
13 95 (6.96%) Software Developer
14 88 (6.45%) PHP Developer
15 74 (5.42%) Full Stack Developer
16 71 (5.20%) Lead Developer
17 70 (5.13%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 61 (4.47%) ASP.NET Developer
19 57 (4.18%) Agile Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1287 (94.29%) CSS
2 1219 (89.30%) HTML
3 1112 (81.47%) Sass
4 871 (63.81%) HTML5
5 837 (61.32%) AngularJS
6 673 (49.30%) CSS3
7 586 (42.93%) jQuery
8 421 (30.84%) React
9 413 (30.26%) .NET
10 354 (25.93%) Node.js
11 329 (24.10%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 295 (21.61%) ASP.NET
13 236 (17.29%) Web Services
14 235 (17.22%) JSON
15 230 (16.85%) REST
16 223 (16.34%) Ajax
17 209 (15.31%) Backbone.js
18 205 (15.02%) KnockoutJS
19 179 (13.11%) ASP.NET Web API
20 171 (12.53%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 360 (26.37%) User Experience
2 85 (6.23%) Computer Science
3 81 (5.93%) Mobile App
4 45 (3.30%) Fintech
5 28 (2.05%) Analytical Skills
6 26 (1.90%) Blog
7 24 (1.76%) PMI
8 19 (1.39%) W3C
9 17 (1.25%) Client/Server
10 15 (1.10%) Algorithms
11 14 (1.03%) Linux Command Line
12 12 (0.88%) Enterprise Software
13 9 (0.66%) NHS
14 8 (0.59%) Bitcoin
14 8 (0.59%) Social Media
14 8 (0.59%) Virtual Team
15 7 (0.51%) Graphic Design
16 6 (0.44%) Internet of Things
16 6 (0.44%) Online Games
16 6 (0.44%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 67 (4.91%) Linux
2 35 (2.56%) Android
2 35 (2.56%) Windows
3 31 (2.27%) Apple iOS
4 26 (1.90%) Windows Server
5 22 (1.61%) Windows Server 2012
6 8 (0.59%) CentOS
7 5 (0.37%) Unix
8 2 (0.15%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.073%) FreeBSD
9 1 (0.073%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.073%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 704 (51.58%) Agile Software Development
2 666 (48.79%) Front End Development
3 460 (33.70%) MVC
4 409 (29.96%) Web Development
5 329 (24.10%) TDD
6 258 (18.90%) Scrum
7 256 (18.75%) OO
8 228 (16.70%) Responsive Web Design
9 180 (13.19%) Unit Testing
10 169 (12.38%) E-Commerce
11 146 (10.70%) Software Engineering
12 131 (9.60%) SOLID
13 127 (9.30%) Continuous Integration
14 110 (8.06%) Web Design
15 109 (7.99%) BDD
16 107 (7.84%) Wireframes
17 93 (6.81%) SEO
18 90 (6.59%) OOP
19 89 (6.52%) DevOps
19 89 (6.52%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 1299 (95.16%) JavaScript
2 392 (28.72%) C#
3 263 (19.27%) PHP
4 199 (14.58%) SQL
5 174 (12.75%) TypeScript
6 159 (11.65%) ES6
7 106 (7.77%) Java
8 75 (5.49%) Python
9 67 (4.91%) T-SQL
10 38 (2.78%) VB.NET
11 32 (2.34%) PowerShell
12 28 (2.05%) Go
13 20 (1.47%) CoffeeScript
14 18 (1.32%) Scala
15 12 (0.88%) Ruby
15 12 (0.88%) XPath
16 11 (0.81%) R
17 9 (0.66%) Clojure
18 8 (0.59%) ECMAScript
18 8 (0.59%) Perl
Qualifications
1 150 (10.99%) Degree
2 24 (1.76%) PMI Certification
3 23 (1.68%) Microsoft Certification
4 6 (0.44%) DBS Check
5 4 (0.29%) Security Cleared
6 3 (0.22%) ICAEW
6 3 (0.22%) MBA
7 1 (0.073%) MCSD
7 1 (0.073%) PhD
7 1 (0.073%) SC Cleared
7 1 (0.073%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 48 (3.52%) QA
2 12 (0.88%) PCI DSS
3 5 (0.37%) WCAG
4 1 (0.073%) SLA
4 1 (0.073%) WAI
System Software
1 98 (7.18%) Docker
2 21 (1.54%) Varnish
3 1 (0.073%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.073%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 27 (1.98%) Puppet
2 23 (1.68%) Opscode Chef
3 16 (1.17%) Ansible
4 6 (0.44%) Kubernetes
5 4 (0.29%) Docker Swarm
6 2 (0.15%) Plesk
7 1 (0.073%) cPanel
7 1 (0.073%) Grafana
7 1 (0.073%) Kibana
7 1 (0.073%) logstash
7 1 (0.073%) MOM
7 1 (0.073%) Packer
7 1 (0.073%) StatsD
Vendors
1 181 (13.26%) Microsoft
2 64 (4.69%) Adobe
3 43 (3.15%) Zend
4 26 (1.90%) Xamarin
5 24 (1.76%) Twitter
6 21 (1.54%) Google
7 14 (1.03%) Sitecore
8 13 (0.95%) Oracle
9 8 (0.59%) Red Hat
10 7 (0.51%) Facebook
10 7 (0.51%) PayPal
11 5 (0.37%) Perforce
11 5 (0.37%) TOWER Software
12 4 (0.29%) BT
12 4 (0.29%) Cognizant
12 4 (0.29%) Remedy
12 4 (0.29%) Sencha
13 3 (0.22%) Alterian
13 3 (0.22%) hybris
14 2 (0.15%) MEDITECH
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Recruit 4 Talent
Salary: £35000 - £40000 Per Annum £35,000 - £40,000 + bonus + flexitime + bene
Posted: 2 days ago
Croydon, Surrey
Oscar
Salary: £40000 - £45000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Guildford, Surrey
Oscar
Salary: £30000 - £35000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Sevenoaks, Kent
Oscar
Salary: £25000 - £35000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Midlands
Oscar
Salary: £30000 - £40000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Stevenage, Hertfordshire
Oscar
Salary: £50000 - £70000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: Yesterday
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Oscar
Salary: £25000 - £40000 per annum + 25 days holiday, flexi, pension
Posted: Yesterday
Harpenden, Hertfordshire
Oscar
Salary: £35000 - £45000 per annum + Additional benefits
Posted: Yesterday
Midlands
Oscar
Salary: £20000 - £30000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Wembley, Middlesex
Oscar
Posted: Yesterday
Ashford, Kent
Kalpa Resource
Salary: From £30,000 to £30,000 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
Swansea, West Glamorgan
CPS Group UK
Salary: £40000 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
onezeero.
Salary: £40000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Talent Point Ltd
Salary: £50000.00 - £60000.00 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Oscar
Salary: £40000 - £50000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: Yesterday
London
Opilio Recruitment
Salary: From £30,000 to £42,000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Wakefield, West Yorkshire
Greywood Associates Limited
Salary: £40000 - £45000 per annum + bens
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Talent Point Ltd
Salary: £50000.00 - £60000.00 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Midlands
Oscar
Salary: £25000 - £35000 per annum + and additional benefits
Posted: 4 days ago
Midlands
Oscar
Salary: £25000 - £38000 per annum + Bonus, free parking, subsidized computers
Posted: Yesterday
North London
blu digital
Salary: From £30,000 to £40,000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Pixel Hires
Salary: From £40,000 to £50,000 per annum + comprehensive benefits!
Posted: 3 days ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Applause IT Innovation
Salary: £30000 - £38000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Recruit 4 Talent
Salary: £40000 - £50000 Per Annum bonus, benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Morgan Mckinley
Salary: £35000 - £50000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: Yesterday
Wigan, Lancashire
Robert Walters
Salary: £35000 - £45000 per annum
Posted: 4 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Digital Gurus
Salary: £27000 - £32000 per annum
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Talent Point Ltd
Salary: £50000.00 - £60000.00 per annum
Posted: 4 days ago
Oxford, Oxfordshire
Haybrook IT Resourcing Ltd
Salary: Competitive Salary + Excellent benefits
Posted: 3 days ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Austin Fraser
Salary: £25000 - £55000 per annum + Excellent Benefits
Posted: 3 days ago