Period
to 17 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 17 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK
6 months to
17 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 419 393 439
Rank change year-on-year -26 +46 +42
Permanent jobs citing LESS 1,261 1,413 1,456
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.72% 0.80% 0.72%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.77% 1.96% 1.84%
Number of salaries quoted 1,027 1,254 1,310
UK median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £68,750 £66,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £40,000 £37,500
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 71,411 72,214 79,272
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.61% 40.66% 38.99%
Number of salaries quoted 59,472 60,657 68,576
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing LESS.

Salary trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing LESS over the 6 months to 17 July 2018.

Salary histogram for LESS in the UK

LESS
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 6 months to 17 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -34 1,177 £50,000 +11.11% 203
UK excluding London -78 636 £40,000 - 140
London +35 594 £60,000 +4.35% 70
South East +62 277 £45,000 - 45
North of England -38 161 £38,500 +2.67% 51
North West +28 111 £40,000 -5.88% 32
Midlands -87 63 £35,000 -6.67% 15
Scotland -13 51 £36,000 +2.86% 4
East of England -17 46 £50,000 +11.11% 10
Yorkshire -51 45 £37,500 - 16
West Midlands -47 37 £35,000 -6.67% 11
South West -45 35 £38,500 -9.41% 12
East Midlands -53 26 £35,000 -12.50% 4
North East -17 5 £33,750 +31.07% 3
Wales -33 3 £50,000 +33.33% 3
Northern Ireland - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 17 July 2018, IT jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 1,139 (90.33%) CSS
2 1,137 (90.17%) JavaScript
3 1,079 (85.57%) Sass
4 1,025 (81.28%) HTML
5 797 (63.20%) AngularJS
6 628 (49.80%) Agile Software Development
7 582 (46.15%) HTML5
8 573 (45.44%) Front End Development
9 510 (40.44%) Git (software)
10 493 (39.10%) React
11 484 (38.38%) CSS3
12 482 (38.22%) jQuery
13 384 (30.45%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 382 (30.29%) User Experience
15 357 (28.31%) Web Development
16 345 (27.36%) MVC
17 330 (26.17%) .NET
18 322 (25.54%) gulp
19 320 (25.38%) Node.js
20 315 (24.98%) TDD
21 278 (22.05%) SQL
22 268 (21.25%) C#
23 264 (20.94%) PHP
24 244 (19.35%) webpack
25 224 (17.76%) npm
26 218 (17.29%) SQL Server
27 206 (16.34%) Software Engineering
28 205 (16.26%) Responsive Web Design
29 203 (16.10%) Grunt
30 197 (15.62%) ASP.NET

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 193 (15.31%) CMS
2 92 (7.30%) EPiServer
3 83 (6.58%) WordPress
4 70 (5.55%) Sitecore CMS
5 42 (3.33%) Drupal
6 37 (2.93%) Umbraco
7 36 (2.85%) Apache
8 23 (1.82%) Confluence
8 23 (1.82%) Elasticsearch
9 17 (1.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 14 (1.11%) IIS
11 12 (0.95%) SharePoint
11 12 (0.95%) WebSphere
11 12 (0.95%) WebSphere Application Server
12 11 (0.87%) Ethereum
12 11 (0.87%) NServiceBus
13 8 (0.63%) Tomcat
14 7 (0.56%) JBoss
15 6 (0.48%) Mongoose
16 5 (0.40%) Kentico
Applications
1 75 (5.95%) Photoshop
2 24 (1.90%) Adobe Illustrator
3 19 (1.51%) OmniGraffle
4 12 (0.95%) GIMP
5 11 (0.87%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 2 (0.16%) Fireworks
7 1 (0.079%) InVision
Business Applications
1 55 (4.36%) Magento
2 49 (3.89%) Eloqua
3 13 (1.03%) Adobe Campaign
4 8 (0.63%) SAP Hybris
4 8 (0.63%) Unica
5 7 (0.56%) Shopify
6 4 (0.32%) Distributed Ledger
7 1 (0.079%) Endur
Cloud Services
1 224 (17.76%) npm
2 183 (14.51%) Microsoft Azure
3 172 (13.64%) Amazon AWS
4 44 (3.49%) SaaS
5 39 (3.09%) GitHub
6 32 (2.54%) Google Cloud Platform
7 28 (2.22%) Yarn
8 19 (1.51%) Adobe Analytics
9 16 (1.27%) Serverless
10 14 (1.11%) PaaS
11 12 (0.95%) Heroku
12 9 (0.71%) IaaS
13 8 (0.63%) BrowserStack
13 8 (0.63%) IBM Cloud
14 6 (0.48%) Amazon EC2
14 6 (0.48%) Amazon S3
15 5 (0.40%) Firebase
15 5 (0.40%) Google Analytics
16 4 (0.32%) AWS Lambda
16 4 (0.32%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 35 (2.78%) HTTP
2 8 (0.63%) Internet
2 8 (0.63%) SSH
3 4 (0.32%) Intranet
3 4 (0.32%) SMS
3 4 (0.32%) SSL
4 2 (0.16%) FIX Connectivity
5 1 (0.079%) Extranet
5 1 (0.079%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 218 (17.29%) SQL Server
2 145 (11.50%) MongoDB
3 131 (10.39%) MySQL
4 130 (10.31%) NoSQL
5 42 (3.33%) Couchbase
6 41 (3.25%) CouchDB
7 33 (2.62%) Blockchain
8 28 (2.22%) PostgreSQL
9 26 (2.06%) Redis
10 25 (1.98%) Big Data
11 15 (1.19%) SQL Server 2012
12 11 (0.87%) Cosmos DB
13 10 (0.79%) Apache Cassandra
13 10 (0.79%) Hadoop
14 9 (0.71%) Relational Database
15 6 (0.48%) Data Mining
16 5 (0.40%) SQL Server 2008
16 5 (0.40%) SQLite
17 4 (0.32%) DB2
17 4 (0.32%) Endeca
Development Applications
1 510 (40.44%) Git (software)
2 322 (25.54%) gulp
3 244 (19.35%) webpack
4 203 (16.10%) Grunt
5 142 (11.26%) Visual Studio
6 125 (9.91%) Karma Test Runner
7 124 (9.83%) Mocha
8 121 (9.60%) Selenium
9 114 (9.04%) Team Foundation Server
10 104 (8.25%) TeamCity
11 103 (8.17%) Protractor
12 101 (8.01%) Jasmine
13 87 (6.90%) Bower
14 75 (5.95%) Sinon.JS
15 71 (5.63%) Octopus Deploy
16 65 (5.15%) Subversion
17 60 (4.76%) JIRA
18 57 (4.52%) Jenkins
19 32 (2.54%) Bitbucket
20 23 (1.82%) Axure RP
General
1 175 (13.88%) Finance
2 145 (11.50%) Marketing
3 102 (8.09%) Advertising
4 73 (5.79%) Retail
5 54 (4.28%) Banking
6 48 (3.81%) Games
7 22 (1.74%) Legal
8 21 (1.67%) Law
9 16 (1.27%) Automotive
10 12 (0.95%) Investment Banking
11 9 (0.71%) Pharmaceutical
12 6 (0.48%) Financial Institution
12 6 (0.48%) Telecoms
13 4 (0.32%) Manufacturing
14 2 (0.16%) Arabic Language
14 2 (0.16%) Billing
14 2 (0.16%) Publishing
15 1 (0.079%) Local Government
15 1 (0.079%) Music Industry
15 1 (0.079%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 1,110 (88.03%) Developer
2 491 (38.94%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 237 (18.79%) JavaScript Developer
4 168 (13.32%) .NET Developer
5 152 (12.05%) Senior Developer
6 143 (11.34%) Angular Developer
7 130 (10.31%) Full Stack Developer
8 118 (9.36%) Web Developer
9 117 (9.28%) React Developer
10 99 (7.85%) C# Developer
11 85 (6.74%) Lead Developer
12 71 (5.63%) Senior Front-End Developer
13 70 (5.55%) PHP Developer
14 69 (5.47%) C# .NET Developer
15 68 (5.39%) HTML Developer
16 65 (5.15%) UI Developer
17 60 (4.76%) HTML CSS Developer
18 54 (4.28%) Software Developer
19 42 (3.33%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
20 40 (3.17%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,139 (90.33%) CSS
2 1,079 (85.57%) Sass
3 1,025 (81.28%) HTML
4 797 (63.20%) AngularJS
5 582 (46.15%) HTML5
6 493 (39.10%) React
7 484 (38.38%) CSS3
8 482 (38.22%) jQuery
9 384 (30.45%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 330 (26.17%) .NET
11 320 (25.38%) Node.js
12 197 (15.62%) ASP.NET
13 196 (15.54%) RESTful
14 186 (14.75%) Vue (Vue.js)
15 177 (14.04%) REST
16 164 (13.01%) Redux
17 161 (12.77%) Angular 2
18 158 (12.53%) Backbone.js
19 126 (9.99%) JSON
20 120 (9.52%) Ember.js
Miscellaneous
1 382 (30.29%) User Experience
2 89 (7.06%) Computer Science
3 72 (5.71%) Self-Motivation
4 62 (4.92%) Fintech
5 53 (4.20%) Mobile App
6 49 (3.89%) Greenfield Project
7 46 (3.65%) Cloud Native
8 30 (2.38%) Linux Command Line
9 25 (1.98%) W3C
10 23 (1.82%) Enterprise Software
11 17 (1.35%) iPad
12 15 (1.19%) Analytical Skills
12 15 (1.19%) Management Information System
13 14 (1.11%) Data Structures
14 12 (0.95%) N-Tier
15 11 (0.87%) Hedge funds
16 9 (0.71%) Robotics
17 8 (0.63%) Online Banking
18 6 (0.48%) Equities
18 6 (0.48%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 81 (6.42%) Linux
2 27 (2.14%) Windows
3 23 (1.82%) Apple iOS
4 21 (1.67%) Android
5 19 (1.51%) Unix
6 5 (0.40%) Ubuntu
7 4 (0.32%) Windows Server
8 2 (0.16%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.079%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 628 (49.80%) Agile Software Development
2 573 (45.44%) Front End Development
3 357 (28.31%) Web Development
4 345 (27.36%) MVC
5 315 (24.98%) TDD
6 206 (16.34%) Software Engineering
7 205 (16.26%) Responsive Web Design
8 169 (13.40%) BDD
9 157 (12.45%) Scrum
10 156 (12.37%) Continuous Integration
11 151 (11.97%) Problem-Solving
12 147 (11.66%) DevOps
13 138 (10.94%) Analytics
14 131 (10.39%) SEO
15 123 (9.75%) Unit Testing
16 120 (9.52%) E-Commerce
17 119 (9.44%) Microservices
18 118 (9.36%) Test Automation
19 94 (7.45%) Web Application Development
20 88 (6.98%) OO
Programming Languages
1 1,137 (90.17%) JavaScript
2 278 (22.05%) SQL
3 268 (21.25%) C#
4 264 (20.94%) PHP
5 177 (14.04%) Java
6 176 (13.96%) ES6
7 157 (12.45%) TypeScript
8 64 (5.08%) Python
9 49 (3.89%) T-SQL
10 30 (2.38%) Ruby
11 20 (1.59%) PL/SQL
12 17 (1.35%) Java 8
13 14 (1.11%) Bash Shell
14 13 (1.03%) Scala
15 11 (0.87%) ES7
16 10 (0.79%) PowerShell
16 10 (0.79%) R
17 9 (0.71%) Java 9
18 8 (0.63%) VB
19 7 (0.56%) ES8
Qualifications
1 177 (14.04%) Degree
2 42 (3.33%) SAFe Agilist
3 31 (2.46%) Computer Science Degree
4 27 (2.14%) Security Cleared
5 10 (0.79%) Microsoft Certification
6 7 (0.56%) Master's Degree
7 5 (0.40%) Numerate Degree
8 3 (0.24%) SC Cleared
9 2 (0.16%) A+ Certification
10 1 (0.079%) DV Cleared
10 1 (0.079%) ICAEW
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 57 (4.52%) QA
2 3 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 2 (0.16%) PCI DSS
3 2 (0.16%) WAI
4 1 (0.079%) SLA
System Software
1 75 (5.95%) Docker
2 2 (0.16%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 31 (2.46%) Opscode Chef
1 31 (2.46%) Puppet
2 18 (1.43%) Kubernetes
3 5 (0.40%) Ansible
4 1 (0.079%) Packer
4 1 (0.079%) Proxmox
4 1 (0.079%) Terraform
Vendors
1 78 (6.19%) Microsoft
2 72 (5.71%) Sitecore
3 62 (4.92%) Google
4 54 (4.28%) Adobe
5 46 (3.65%) Oracle
6 42 (3.33%) Marketo
7 30 (2.38%) Zend
8 26 (2.06%) Alias
9 20 (1.59%) Xamarin
10 18 (1.43%) hybris
11 14 (1.11%) Demandware
12 13 (1.03%) Cadence
13 12 (0.95%) ATG
13 12 (0.95%) Atlassian
14 9 (0.71%) Cypress Semiconductor
15 8 (0.63%) Aprimo
15 8 (0.63%) IBM
15 8 (0.63%) SAP
16 6 (0.48%) Telerik
17 5 (0.40%) Omniture