Period
to 17 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 17 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK
6 months to
17 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 397 407 475
Rank change year-on-year +10 +68 +95
Permanent jobs citing LESS 1371 1475 1284
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.78% 0.75% 0.59%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.92% 1.92% 1.56%
Number of salaries quoted 1210 1325 1108
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000
10th Percentile £27,500 £28,100 £26,250
90th Percentile £67,500 £67,500 £65,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £37,500 £38,000 £35,000
% change year-on-year -1.32% +8.57% -

LESS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Software Library & Framework Skills
UK
Permanent job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 71294 76687 82216
As % of all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 40.50% 38.74% 37.84%
Number of salaries quoted 59363 66550 70110
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.56% +3.45%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% -

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing LESS.

Salary trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing LESS over the 6 months to 17 August 2017.

Salary histogram for LESS in the UK

LESS
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 6 months to 17 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +19 1274 £45,000 - 106
UK excluding London +99 842 £37,500 -1.32% 74
London -79 512 £57,500 +9.52% 40
North of England +25 217 £37,500 -6.25% 27
Midlands +135 196 £37,500 +25.00% 12
South East +75 194 £45,000 +12.50% 16
West Midlands +91 114 £35,000 +27.27% 11
Yorkshire +32 108 £37,500 -16.67% 11
North West +11 107 £42,500 +13.33% 16
South West +5 90 £42,500 +6.25% 6
East Midlands +88 82 £40,000 +14.29% 1
East of England +6 72 £45,000 +38.46% 5
Scotland +8 47 £40,000 - 6
Wales +41 37 £37,500 +19.05% 2
North East +15 2 £32,000 -14.67%

For the 6 months to 17 August 2017, IT jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 1315 (95.92%) CSS
2 1270 (92.63%) JavaScript
3 1175 (85.70%) HTML
4 1052 (76.73%) Sass
5 859 (62.65%) AngularJS
6 817 (59.59%) HTML5
7 654 (47.70%) CSS3
8 623 (45.44%) Agile Software Development
9 593 (43.25%) jQuery
10 592 (43.18%) Front End Development
11 546 (39.82%) Git (software)
12 472 (34.43%) MVC
13 432 (31.51%) User Experience
14 423 (30.85%) React
15 414 (30.20%) .NET
16 392 (28.59%) C#
17 373 (27.21%) Web Development
18 322 (23.49%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 321 (23.41%) Node.js
20 299 (21.81%) gulp
21 295 (21.52%) PHP
22 289 (21.08%) ASP.NET
23 288 (21.01%) TDD
24 257 (18.75%) Scrum
25 245 (17.87%) Grunt
26 237 (17.29%) SQL Server
27 225 (16.41%) Responsive Web Design
28 220 (16.05%) SQL
29 214 (15.61%) Web Services
30 191 (13.93%) Backbone.js

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 152 (11.09%) CMS
2 93 (6.78%) WordPress
3 39 (2.84%) Apache
4 38 (2.77%) Confluence
5 34 (2.48%) Drupal
5 34 (2.48%) EPiServer
5 34 (2.48%) IIS
6 31 (2.26%) Elasticsearch
7 29 (2.12%) Umbraco
8 24 (1.75%) Hyperledger
9 23 (1.68%) Sitecore CMS
10 19 (1.39%) nginx
10 19 (1.39%) Tomcat
11 18 (1.31%) Ethereum
12 17 (1.24%) Apache Solr
12 17 (1.24%) SharePoint
13 7 (0.51%) Kentico
13 7 (0.51%) SharePoint 2013
14 6 (0.44%) Jetty
14 6 (0.44%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 87 (6.35%) Photoshop
2 26 (1.90%) InVision
3 24 (1.75%) Adobe Illustrator
4 11 (0.80%) Moqups
5 7 (0.51%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 6 (0.44%) Fireworks
6 6 (0.44%) GIMP
7 3 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
7 3 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 2 (0.15%) HipChat
9 1 (0.073%) OmniGraffle
9 1 (0.073%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 38 (2.77%) Magento
2 19 (1.39%) Eloqua
2 19 (1.39%) SAP Hybris
3 3 (0.22%) WebTrends
4 2 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.15%) Shopify
5 1 (0.073%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 143 (10.43%) Amazon AWS
2 124 (9.04%) Microsoft Azure
3 121 (8.83%) GitHub
4 48 (3.50%) SaaS
5 32 (2.33%) PaaS
6 25 (1.82%) Bluemix
6 25 (1.82%) IBM Cloud
7 18 (1.31%) Cloud Computing
8 16 (1.17%) Google Analytics
9 15 (1.09%) Office 365
10 13 (0.95%) IaaS
11 12 (0.88%) Cloudflare
12 7 (0.51%) Adobe Creative Cloud
12 7 (0.51%) Google Cloud Platform
13 6 (0.44%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 3 (0.22%) Adobe Analytics
15 2 (0.15%) Azure Active Directory
16 1 (0.073%) AdWords
16 1 (0.073%) Azure Machine Learning
16 1 (0.073%) Google Tag Manager
Communications & Networking
1 50 (3.65%) HTTP
2 33 (2.41%) Internet
3 9 (0.66%) DNS
4 7 (0.51%) Intranet
4 7 (0.51%) SSL
5 6 (0.44%) SSH
6 4 (0.29%) Broadband
6 4 (0.29%) SMS
7 2 (0.15%) Skype
8 1 (0.073%) LDAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 237 (17.29%) SQL Server
2 154 (11.23%) MySQL
3 104 (7.59%) NoSQL
4 58 (4.23%) MongoDB
5 39 (2.84%) Relational Database
6 29 (2.12%) Couchbase
6 29 (2.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 28 (2.04%) PostgreSQL
7 28 (2.04%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 26 (1.90%) Blockchain
8 26 (1.90%) Redis
9 25 (1.82%) SQL Server 2005
10 18 (1.31%) SQL Server 2008
11 16 (1.17%) Endeca
12 15 (1.09%) CouchDB
12 15 (1.09%) SQL Server 2012
13 11 (0.80%) RDBMS
14 9 (0.66%) Big Data
15 7 (0.51%) Azure SQL Database
16 6 (0.44%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 546 (39.82%) Git (software)
2 299 (21.81%) gulp
3 245 (17.87%) Grunt
4 128 (9.34%) Visual Studio
5 123 (8.97%) Jasmine
6 120 (8.75%) Selenium
7 119 (8.68%) webpack
8 111 (8.10%) JIRA
9 102 (7.44%) Subversion
10 101 (7.37%) Karma Test Runner
11 86 (6.27%) Bower
12 69 (5.03%) Team Foundation Server
13 62 (4.52%) Mocha
14 48 (3.50%) Jenkins
15 42 (3.06%) Protractor
16 35 (2.55%) Babel
16 35 (2.55%) TeamCity
17 26 (1.90%) Maven
18 25 (1.82%) Mercurial
18 25 (1.82%) PostCSS
General
1 129 (9.41%) Marketing
2 117 (8.53%) Finance
3 68 (4.96%) Games
4 54 (3.94%) Retail
5 38 (2.77%) Advertising
6 28 (2.04%) Law
7 24 (1.75%) Legal
8 23 (1.68%) Banking
9 17 (1.24%) Telecoms
10 16 (1.17%) Automotive
11 12 (0.88%) Electronics
12 6 (0.44%) Back Office
12 6 (0.44%) Financial Institution
12 6 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
13 5 (0.36%) Avionics
13 5 (0.36%) Military
14 4 (0.29%) Local Government
15 3 (0.22%) Front Office
15 3 (0.22%) Publishing
16 2 (0.15%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 1267 (92.41%) Developer
2 509 (37.13%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 294 (21.44%) JavaScript Developer
4 281 (20.50%) Senior Developer
5 214 (15.61%) .NET Developer
6 191 (13.93%) Web Developer
7 169 (12.33%) HTML Developer
8 153 (11.16%) HTML CSS Developer
9 139 (10.14%) C# Developer
10 107 (7.80%) C# .NET Developer
11 105 (7.66%) Full Stack Developer
12 104 (7.59%) Angular Developer
12 104 (7.59%) Senior Front-End Developer
13 102 (7.44%) PHP Developer
14 97 (7.08%) ASP.NET Developer
15 84 (6.13%) UI Developer
16 83 (6.05%) Software Developer
17 66 (4.81%) Lead Developer
18 60 (4.38%) C# ASP.NET Developer
19 58 (4.23%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1315 (95.92%) CSS
2 1175 (85.70%) HTML
3 1052 (76.73%) Sass
4 859 (62.65%) AngularJS
5 817 (59.59%) HTML5
6 654 (47.70%) CSS3
7 593 (43.25%) jQuery
8 423 (30.85%) React
9 414 (30.20%) .NET
10 322 (23.49%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 321 (23.41%) Node.js
12 289 (21.08%) ASP.NET
13 214 (15.61%) Web Services
14 191 (13.93%) Backbone.js
15 183 (13.35%) REST
16 181 (13.20%) Ajax
17 180 (13.13%) RESTful
18 179 (13.06%) ASP.NET Web API
19 159 (11.60%) ASP.NET MVC
20 157 (11.45%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 432 (31.51%) User Experience
2 151 (11.01%) Greenfield Project
3 91 (6.64%) Computer Science
4 79 (5.76%) Mobile App
5 52 (3.79%) Fintech
6 28 (2.04%) Enterprise Software
7 27 (1.97%) W3C
8 26 (1.90%) Analytical Skills
9 19 (1.39%) Cloud Native
10 14 (1.02%) Linux Command Line
10 14 (1.02%) NHS
11 12 (0.88%) Social Media
12 11 (0.80%) Arduino
12 11 (0.80%) Graphic Design
13 9 (0.66%) Digital Media
13 9 (0.66%) Online Games
13 9 (0.66%) Streaming Video
14 8 (0.58%) Semantic Web
15 7 (0.51%) Over-the-Top Content
15 7 (0.51%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 85 (6.20%) Linux
2 84 (6.13%) Apple iOS
3 83 (6.05%) Android
4 35 (2.55%) Windows
5 10 (0.73%) Unix
6 5 (0.36%) Windows Server
7 4 (0.29%) Mac OS X
8 2 (0.15%) Mac OS
8 2 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 623 (45.44%) Agile Software Development
2 592 (43.18%) Front End Development
3 472 (34.43%) MVC
4 373 (27.21%) Web Development
5 288 (21.01%) TDD
6 257 (18.75%) Scrum
7 225 (16.41%) Responsive Web Design
8 180 (13.13%) OO
9 155 (11.31%) Unit Testing
10 136 (9.92%) E-Commerce
10 136 (9.92%) Software Engineering
11 130 (9.48%) OOP
12 122 (8.90%) SEO
13 116 (8.46%) Continuous Integration
14 102 (7.44%) Web Design
15 101 (7.37%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
15 101 (7.37%) Test Automation
16 99 (7.22%) BDD
17 82 (5.98%) Analytics
18 79 (5.76%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1270 (92.63%) JavaScript
2 392 (28.59%) C#
3 295 (21.52%) PHP
4 220 (16.05%) SQL
5 188 (13.71%) ES6
6 185 (13.49%) TypeScript
7 140 (10.21%) Java
8 41 (2.99%) ECMAScript
9 36 (2.63%) Python
10 35 (2.55%) T-SQL
11 18 (1.31%) Clojure
12 17 (1.24%) PHP 7
13 15 (1.09%) Ruby
14 14 (1.02%) C
14 14 (1.02%) XPath
15 13 (0.95%) Groovy
15 13 (0.95%) VB.NET
16 10 (0.73%) PowerShell
17 8 (0.58%) CoffeeScript
17 8 (0.58%) XAML
Qualifications
1 168 (12.25%) Degree
2 64 (4.67%) Computer Science Degree
3 15 (1.09%) Microsoft Certification
4 12 (0.88%) DBS Check
5 7 (0.51%) MCSD
6 3 (0.22%) PMI Certification
7 1 (0.073%) ICAEW
7 1 (0.073%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 66 (4.81%) QA
2 7 (0.51%) WCAG
3 5 (0.36%) WAI
4 2 (0.15%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 81 (5.91%) Docker
2 11 (0.80%) Varnish
3 2 (0.15%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.073%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 26 (1.90%) Kubernetes
2 17 (1.24%) Ansible
3 8 (0.58%) Puppet
4 7 (0.51%) Opscode Chef
5 4 (0.29%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
6 3 (0.22%) Graphite
6 3 (0.22%) Salt
7 2 (0.15%) Plesk
8 1 (0.073%) Grafana
8 1 (0.073%) Kibana
8 1 (0.073%) logstash
8 1 (0.073%) MOM
8 1 (0.073%) StatsD
Vendors
1 154 (11.23%) Microsoft
2 56 (4.08%) Xamarin
3 52 (3.79%) Google
4 44 (3.21%) Adobe
5 35 (2.55%) Zend
6 31 (2.26%) Sitecore
7 25 (1.82%) IBM
7 25 (1.82%) SAP
8 24 (1.75%) hybris
9 23 (1.68%) Oracle
10 21 (1.53%) Facebook
11 19 (1.39%) Marketo
12 16 (1.17%) BroadVision
13 15 (1.09%) Twitter
14 7 (0.51%) Atlassian
14 7 (0.51%) Salesforce.com
15 6 (0.44%) Dell
15 6 (0.44%) HP
16 5 (0.36%) PayPal
17 4 (0.29%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud