Period
to 23 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 23 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 399 391 435
Rank change year-on-year -8 +44 +129
Permanent jobs citing LESS 1356 1494 1508
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.77% 0.79% 0.69%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.92% 2.03% 1.82%
Number of salaries quoted 1182 1339 1298
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000
10th Percentile £27,500 £28,950 £27,500
90th Percentile £67,500 £68,750 £66,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £40,000 £35,000
% change year-on-year - +14.29% +2.94%

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 70534 73771 82924
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.18% 38.90% 37.91%
Number of salaries quoted 58404 63963 70921
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% -

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing LESS.

Salary trend for LESS in the UK

LESS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing LESS over the 6 months to 23 October 2017.

Salary histogram for LESS in the UK

LESS
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 1252 £45,000 -2.17% 66
UK excluding London +52 822 £40,000 - 42
London -73 517 £55,000 - 26
South East +16 206 £45,000 - 10
North of England +22 184 £39,500 +3.95% 15
Midlands +72 174 £35,000 +7.69% 7
West Midlands +45 113 £31,500 -3.08% 5
North West +36 105 £42,000 +12.00% 5
South West +15 97 £45,000 +12.50% 4
East of England +40 79 £43,750 -2.78% 4
Yorkshire +23 75 £36,000 -20.00% 8
East Midlands +57 61 £40,000 +14.29% 2
Scotland -23 49 £40,000 - 1
Wales +28 36 £36,250 +11.54% 1
Northern Ireland -18 6 - -
North East +17 4 £32,500 -31.58% 2

For the 6 months to 23 October 2017, IT jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for LESS.

1 1288 (94.99%) CSS
2 1246 (91.89%) JavaScript
3 1158 (85.40%) HTML
4 1028 (75.81%) Sass
5 839 (61.87%) AngularJS
6 760 (56.05%) HTML5
7 658 (48.53%) CSS3
8 630 (46.46%) Front End Development
9 604 (44.54%) jQuery
10 602 (44.40%) Agile Software Development
11 540 (39.82%) Git (software)
12 468 (34.51%) React
13 462 (34.07%) User Experience
14 445 (32.82%) MVC
15 410 (30.24%) .NET
16 368 (27.14%) C#
17 358 (26.40%) Web Development
18 321 (23.67%) Node.js
19 311 (22.94%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 271 (19.99%) ASP.NET
21 270 (19.91%) TDD
22 267 (19.69%) PHP
23 255 (18.81%) gulp
24 247 (18.22%) SQL Server
25 235 (17.33%) Scrum
25 235 (17.33%) Responsive Web Design
26 218 (16.08%) Grunt
27 210 (15.49%) SQL
28 189 (13.94%) REST
29 184 (13.57%) OO

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 156 (11.50%) CMS
2 100 (7.37%) WordPress
3 39 (2.88%) EPiServer
4 33 (2.43%) IIS
5 31 (2.29%) Confluence
5 31 (2.29%) Umbraco
6 29 (2.14%) Elasticsearch
7 27 (1.99%) Apache
8 24 (1.77%) Drupal
9 23 (1.70%) Sitecore CMS
10 19 (1.40%) SharePoint
11 16 (1.18%) Hyperledger
12 14 (1.03%) nginx
13 11 (0.81%) Ethereum
14 10 (0.74%) ExpressionEngine
15 9 (0.66%) Apache Solr
16 8 (0.59%) SharePoint 2013
17 7 (0.52%) JBoss
17 7 (0.52%) Tomcat
18 6 (0.44%) WildFly
Applications
1 100 (7.37%) Photoshop
2 41 (3.02%) Adobe Illustrator
3 17 (1.25%) InVision
4 11 (0.81%) Moqups
5 9 (0.66%) GIMP
6 7 (0.52%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 3 (0.22%) HipChat
7 3 (0.22%) InDesign
7 3 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
7 3 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 2 (0.15%) Fireworks
9 1 (0.074%) OmniGraffle
9 1 (0.074%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 24 (1.77%) Magento
2 18 (1.33%) Eloqua
2 18 (1.33%) SAP Hybris
3 5 (0.37%) WebTrends
4 4 (0.29%) Shopify
5 3 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
5 3 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.22%) NetSuite
5 3 (0.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 155 (11.43%) Amazon AWS
2 139 (10.25%) Microsoft Azure
3 131 (9.66%) npm
4 86 (6.34%) GitHub
5 54 (3.98%) SaaS
6 32 (2.36%) IBM Cloud
7 31 (2.29%) PaaS
8 29 (2.14%) Bluemix
9 16 (1.18%) IaaS
10 15 (1.11%) Adobe Creative Cloud
11 14 (1.03%) Office 365
12 12 (0.88%) Cloud Computing
13 8 (0.59%) Cloudflare
13 8 (0.59%) Google Analytics
14 6 (0.44%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
15 5 (0.37%) Azure Active Directory
16 4 (0.29%) Google Cloud Platform
16 4 (0.29%) Serverless
17 3 (0.22%) Heroku
17 3 (0.22%) SoftLayer
Communications & Networking
1 47 (3.47%) HTTP
2 39 (2.88%) Internet
3 17 (1.25%) SMS
4 10 (0.74%) DNS
5 9 (0.66%) SSH
6 8 (0.59%) Intranet
7 4 (0.29%) SSL
8 3 (0.22%) Broadband
9 1 (0.074%) LDAP
9 1 (0.074%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 247 (18.22%) SQL Server
2 149 (10.99%) MySQL
3 103 (7.60%) NoSQL
4 55 (4.06%) MongoDB
5 48 (3.54%) Relational Database
6 29 (2.14%) PostgreSQL
7 27 (1.99%) Couchbase
7 27 (1.99%) Redis
8 20 (1.47%) SQL Server 2008
9 19 (1.40%) CouchDB
10 17 (1.25%) Blockchain
11 16 (1.18%) SQL Server 2012
12 15 (1.11%) Azure SQL Database
12 15 (1.11%) Endeca
13 12 (0.88%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 11 (0.81%) Big Data
14 11 (0.81%) RDBMS
15 10 (0.74%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 8 (0.59%) SQL Server 2005
17 7 (0.52%) DocumentDB
Development Applications
1 540 (39.82%) Git (software)
2 255 (18.81%) gulp
3 218 (16.08%) Grunt
4 150 (11.06%) Jasmine
5 123 (9.07%) webpack
6 122 (9.00%) Subversion
7 121 (8.92%) Visual Studio
8 114 (8.41%) JIRA
9 96 (7.08%) Karma Test Runner
10 94 (6.93%) Bower
11 93 (6.86%) Selenium
12 71 (5.24%) Team Foundation Server
13 62 (4.57%) Mocha
14 52 (3.83%) Protractor
15 40 (2.95%) Jenkins
16 36 (2.65%) TeamCity
17 28 (2.06%) Babel
18 25 (1.84%) Octopus Deploy
19 22 (1.62%) NUnit
19 22 (1.62%) Sinon.JS
General
1 130 (9.59%) Marketing
2 127 (9.37%) Finance
3 64 (4.72%) Retail
4 56 (4.13%) Advertising
5 34 (2.51%) Legal
6 28 (2.06%) Games
7 24 (1.77%) Banking
8 23 (1.70%) Automotive
9 20 (1.47%) Law
10 14 (1.03%) Telecoms
11 12 (0.88%) Electronics
12 9 (0.66%) Back Office
13 8 (0.59%) Financial Institution
14 6 (0.44%) Publishing
15 5 (0.37%) Investment Banking
16 3 (0.22%) Avionics
16 3 (0.22%) Front Office
16 3 (0.22%) Military
16 3 (0.22%) Pharmaceutical
17 2 (0.15%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 1213 (89.45%) Developer
2 519 (38.27%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 263 (19.40%) JavaScript Developer
4 232 (17.11%) Senior Developer
5 188 (13.86%) .NET Developer
6 182 (13.42%) Web Developer
7 165 (12.17%) HTML Developer
8 145 (10.69%) HTML CSS Developer
9 128 (9.44%) C# Developer
10 110 (8.11%) Angular Developer
11 101 (7.45%) C# .NET Developer
12 100 (7.37%) Full Stack Developer
13 99 (7.30%) PHP Developer
14 95 (7.01%) Senior Front-End Developer
15 82 (6.05%) ASP.NET Developer
16 69 (5.09%) Software Developer
17 65 (4.79%) Lead Developer
17 65 (4.79%) Node.js Developer
18 64 (4.72%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 64 (4.72%) UI Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1288 (94.99%) CSS
2 1158 (85.40%) HTML
3 1028 (75.81%) Sass
4 839 (61.87%) AngularJS
5 760 (56.05%) HTML5
6 658 (48.53%) CSS3
7 604 (44.54%) jQuery
8 468 (34.51%) React
9 410 (30.24%) .NET
10 321 (23.67%) Node.js
11 311 (22.94%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 271 (19.99%) ASP.NET
13 189 (13.94%) REST
14 182 (13.42%) Web Services
15 170 (12.54%) Ajax
16 165 (12.17%) ASP.NET Web API
17 162 (11.95%) RESTful
18 153 (11.28%) Backbone.js
19 136 (10.03%) ASP.NET MVC
19 136 (10.03%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 462 (34.07%) User Experience
2 131 (9.66%) Greenfield Project
3 111 (8.19%) Mobile App
4 82 (6.05%) Computer Science
5 57 (4.20%) Fintech
6 21 (1.55%) W3C
7 19 (1.40%) Analytical Skills
7 19 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
8 18 (1.33%) Cloud Native
9 17 (1.25%) Social Media
10 16 (1.18%) Graphic Design
11 15 (1.11%) Linux Command Line
12 14 (1.03%) Blog
12 14 (1.03%) Digital Media
13 11 (0.81%) Arduino
14 10 (0.74%) Algorithms
15 9 (0.66%) Animation
15 9 (0.66%) NHS
15 9 (0.66%) Streaming Video
16 7 (0.52%) Over-the-Top Content
Operating Systems
1 85 (6.27%) Apple iOS
1 85 (6.27%) Linux
2 84 (6.19%) Android
3 38 (2.80%) Windows
4 23 (1.70%) Unix
5 4 (0.29%) Mac OS X
6 3 (0.22%) Mac OS
6 3 (0.22%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.15%) Ubuntu
7 2 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
8 1 (0.074%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 630 (46.46%) Front End Development
2 602 (44.40%) Agile Software Development
3 445 (32.82%) MVC
4 358 (26.40%) Web Development
5 270 (19.91%) TDD
6 235 (17.33%) Responsive Web Design
6 235 (17.33%) Scrum
7 184 (13.57%) OO
8 180 (13.27%) Unit Testing
9 153 (11.28%) E-Commerce
10 148 (10.91%) Software Engineering
11 138 (10.18%) OOP
12 128 (9.44%) SEO
13 120 (8.85%) Test Automation
14 109 (8.04%) Continuous Integration
15 106 (7.82%) BDD
16 102 (7.52%) Web Design
17 94 (6.93%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
18 81 (5.97%) Mentoring
19 80 (5.90%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 1246 (91.89%) JavaScript
2 368 (27.14%) C#
3 267 (19.69%) PHP
4 210 (15.49%) SQL
5 178 (13.13%) ES6
6 156 (11.50%) TypeScript
7 130 (9.59%) Java
8 46 (3.39%) Python
9 35 (2.58%) T-SQL
10 34 (2.51%) ECMAScript
11 33 (2.43%) Ruby
12 32 (2.36%) C
13 18 (1.33%) PowerShell
14 17 (1.25%) PHP 7
15 14 (1.03%) VB.NET
15 14 (1.03%) XPath
16 12 (0.88%) Scala
17 11 (0.81%) Bash Shell
18 7 (0.52%) Clojure
19 6 (0.44%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 156 (11.50%) Degree
2 60 (4.42%) Computer Science Degree
3 11 (0.81%) Microsoft Certification
4 8 (0.59%) MCSD
5 5 (0.37%) Master's Degree
6 3 (0.22%) Security Cleared
7 2 (0.15%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 74 (5.46%) QA
2 6 (0.44%) WCAG
3 5 (0.37%) WAI
System Software
1 86 (6.34%) Docker
2 8 (0.59%) Varnish
3 5 (0.37%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.074%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.074%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.074%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 27 (1.99%) Kubernetes
2 12 (0.88%) Puppet
3 8 (0.59%) Ansible
4 6 (0.44%) Opscode Chef
4 6 (0.44%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
5 2 (0.15%) Graphite
5 2 (0.15%) Salt
Vendors
1 148 (10.91%) Microsoft
2 61 (4.50%) Adobe
3 59 (4.35%) Google
4 44 (3.24%) Xamarin
5 30 (2.21%) Sitecore
6 29 (2.14%) IBM
7 24 (1.77%) Facebook
7 24 (1.77%) SAP
8 22 (1.62%) Oracle
9 21 (1.55%) hybris
10 18 (1.33%) Marketo
11 17 (1.25%) Zend
12 16 (1.18%) Twitter
13 15 (1.11%) BroadVision
13 15 (1.11%) Xero
14 14 (1.03%) HP
15 8 (0.59%) Atlassian
15 8 (0.59%) Dell
16 6 (0.44%) GoCardless
16 6 (0.44%) PayPal