Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Functional Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Functional Testing over the 6 months to 10 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Functional Testing
UK
6 months to
10 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 337 410 457
Rank change year-on-year +73 +47 -24
Permanent jobs citing Functional Testing 1,834 870 359
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.08% 0.76% 0.56%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.13% 0.81% 0.60%
Number of salaries quoted 516 518 296
10th Percentile £33,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,500 £37,500 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £50,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% +11.11% -
75th Percentile £75,000 £62,500 £65,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £74,375 £71,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% +12.50% -5.88%

Functional Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 162,861 107,406 59,927
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 95.78% 94.05% 93.06%
Number of salaries quoted 83,795 73,009 48,582
10th Percentile £34,000 £32,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,965 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Functional Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Functional Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Functional Testing.

Salary trend for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Functional Testing over the 6 months to 10 August 2022.

Salary histogram for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 10 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +55 1,583 £57,500 +9.52% 93
London +29 822 £70,000 +9.38% 38
UK excluding London +52 801 £50,000 +11.11% 63
Work from Home -27 569 £53,000 +6.00% 44
South East +67 399 £55,000 +15.79% 12
North of England +4 151 £45,000 +5.88% 17
East of England -6 90 £69,000 +112.31% 6
Midlands -14 79 £42,000 -16.00% 10
Yorkshire +27 77 £45,000 -5.26%
North West -36 71 £43,000 +1.18% 7
East Midlands +17 47 £38,500 -23.00% 3
South West -75 39 £45,000 -5.26% 10
Scotland -17 36 £57,500 +43.75% 6
West Midlands -51 32 £42,500 -15.00% 7
Northern Ireland +8 21 £65,000 +62.50% 1
Wales -16 3 £55,000 +14.58% 1
North East -20 3 £40,000 -11.11% 10

For the 6 months to 10 August 2022, IT jobs citing Functional Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Functional Testing.

1 955 (52.07%) Agile
2 842 (45.91%) Test Automation
3 718 (39.15%) Software Testing
4 706 (38.50%) Software Engineering
5 645 (35.17%) Degree
6 564 (30.75%) Social Skills
7 543 (29.61%) Unit Testing
8 484 (26.39%) JavaScript
9 475 (25.90%) Java
10 472 (25.74%) Linux
11 467 (25.46%) QA
12 464 (25.30%) DevOps
13 460 (25.08%) CI/CD
14 452 (24.65%) Git (software)
15 412 (22.46%) Inclusion and Diversity
16 402 (21.92%) Selenium
17 394 (21.48%) Finance
18 388 (21.16%) HTTP
19 385 (20.99%) Non-Functional Testing
20 383 (20.88%) C++
21 379 (20.67%) C
22 374 (20.39%) BDD
23 367 (20.01%) SQL
24 364 (19.85%) Protocol Buffers
25 359 (19.57%) AWS
26 349 (19.03%) TCP/IP
26 349 (19.03%) JIRA
27 342 (18.65%) Mentoring
28 332 (18.10%) Project Planning
29 329 (17.94%) Digital Signal Processing

Functional Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 144 (7.85%) Confluence
2 56 (3.05%) CMS
3 32 (1.74%) Ethereum
3 32 (1.74%) SharePoint
4 20 (1.09%) Oracle Workflow
5 19 (1.04%) Camunda
6 7 (0.38%) Apache Spark
7 6 (0.33%) Sitecore CMS
8 5 (0.27%) Drupal
8 5 (0.27%) WebLogic
9 4 (0.22%) Moodle
10 2 (0.11%) Anypoint
10 2 (0.11%) Apache
10 2 (0.11%) Hyperledger
10 2 (0.11%) MS Exchange
10 2 (0.11%) Mule
10 2 (0.11%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 2 (0.11%) Umbraco
10 2 (0.11%) WordPress
11 1 (0.055%) Appian
Applications
1 41 (2.24%) Microsoft Office
2 40 (2.18%) Microsoft Excel
3 19 (1.04%) MS Visio
3 19 (1.04%) Sketch
4 7 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
6 4 (0.22%) AutoCAD
6 4 (0.22%) Revit
7 1 (0.055%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 21 (1.15%) SAP Retail
2 19 (1.04%) Oracle BPM
3 15 (0.82%) SAP MDG
4 5 (0.27%) Carpe Diem
5 4 (0.22%) Distributed Ledger
5 4 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
5 4 (0.22%) NetSuite
5 4 (0.22%) R3 Corda
5 4 (0.22%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 3 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
7 2 (0.11%) Fidessa
7 2 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 1 (0.055%) Adobe Campaign
8 1 (0.055%) Oracle Applications
8 1 (0.055%) Oracle ERP
8 1 (0.055%) Oracle SCM
8 1 (0.055%) Payment Gateway
8 1 (0.055%) SAP CRM
8 1 (0.055%) SAP MM
8 1 (0.055%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 359 (19.57%) AWS
2 300 (16.36%) Azure
3 180 (9.81%) Azure DevOps
4 139 (7.58%) Cloud Computing
5 135 (7.36%) Serverless
6 115 (6.27%) OpenShift
7 109 (5.94%) GitHub
8 106 (5.78%) SaaS
9 82 (4.47%) Salesforce Commerce Cloud
10 64 (3.49%) GCP
11 59 (3.22%) AWS Lambda
12 55 (3.00%) Amazon EKS
13 47 (2.56%) Azure AKS
14 38 (2.07%) PaaS
15 33 (1.80%) Salesforce Service Cloud
16 30 (1.64%) Amazon EC2
16 30 (1.64%) BrowserStack
17 25 (1.36%) Sauce Labs
18 19 (1.04%) Azure Data Factory
18 19 (1.04%) Google Play
Communications & Networking
1 388 (21.16%) HTTP
2 349 (19.03%) TCP/IP
3 37 (2.02%) Broadband
4 30 (1.64%) Internet
5 10 (0.55%) VPN
6 9 (0.49%) DNS
7 8 (0.44%) Asterisk PBX
7 8 (0.44%) Firewall
7 8 (0.44%) ISDN
7 8 (0.44%) PBX
7 8 (0.44%) RTP
7 8 (0.44%) SS7
7 8 (0.44%) VoIP
8 7 (0.38%) HTTPS
8 7 (0.38%) SSH
9 6 (0.33%) SSL
10 5 (0.27%) WebEx
11 4 (0.22%) AMQP
12 3 (0.16%) Wireshark
13 2 (0.11%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 135 (7.36%) MongoDB
2 90 (4.91%) PostgreSQL
3 89 (4.85%) SQL Server
4 74 (4.03%) Relational Database
5 70 (3.82%) NoSQL
6 64 (3.49%) MySQL
7 57 (3.11%) Elasticsearch
8 53 (2.89%) Big Data
9 42 (2.29%) Hadoop
10 36 (1.96%) Apache Cassandra
11 35 (1.91%) ArangoDB
11 35 (1.91%) HBase
12 21 (1.15%) Data Warehouse
13 19 (1.04%) Redis
14 16 (0.87%) RDBMS
15 14 (0.76%) Oracle Database
16 11 (0.60%) DB2
16 11 (0.60%) Geospatial Data
17 7 (0.38%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 6 (0.33%) SAP HANA
Development Applications
1 452 (24.65%) Git (software)
2 402 (21.92%) Selenium
3 349 (19.03%) JIRA
4 282 (15.38%) Jenkins
5 193 (10.52%) Mocha
6 187 (10.20%) Cucumber
7 186 (10.14%) Postman
8 136 (7.42%) Cypress.io
9 116 (6.32%) WebDriver
10 103 (5.62%) Maven
11 86 (4.69%) Team Foundation Server
12 67 (3.65%) SpecFlow
13 66 (3.60%) SonarQube
14 60 (3.27%) webpack
15 59 (3.22%) TestRail
16 57 (3.11%) Appium
17 54 (2.94%) JMeter
18 51 (2.78%) SoapUI
19 48 (2.62%) JUnit
20 46 (2.51%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 564 (30.75%) Social Skills
2 412 (22.46%) Inclusion and Diversity
3 394 (21.48%) Finance
4 163 (8.89%) Analytical Skills
5 159 (8.67%) Electronics
6 144 (7.85%) Banking
7 88 (4.80%) Retail
8 86 (4.69%) Games
9 59 (3.22%) Marketing
10 51 (2.78%) Telecoms
11 44 (2.40%) Organisational Skills
12 30 (1.64%) Financial Institution
13 28 (1.53%) Presentation Skills
14 27 (1.47%) Public Sector
15 26 (1.42%) Law
16 25 (1.36%) Documentation Skills
17 24 (1.31%) Legal
18 21 (1.15%) Retail Banking
19 19 (1.04%) Italian Language
20 17 (0.93%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 458 (24.97%) Software Engineer
2 360 (19.63%) Developer
3 335 (18.27%) Embedded Engineer
3 335 (18.27%) Embedded Software Engineer
4 188 (10.25%) Analyst
5 173 (9.43%) Junior
6 156 (8.51%) Junior Embedded Engineer
6 156 (8.51%) Junior Software Engineer
7 152 (8.29%) Senior Developer
8 151 (8.23%) Test Engineer
9 136 (7.42%) QA Engineer
10 132 (7.20%) Tester
11 85 (4.63%) Test Analyst
12 79 (4.31%) Automation Tester
13 74 (4.03%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 73 (3.98%) Test Automation Engineer
15 67 (3.65%) Test Leader
16 62 (3.38%) Architect
17 61 (3.33%) Java Engineer
17 61 (3.33%) Quality Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 364 (19.85%) Protocol Buffers
2 264 (14.39%) Node.js
3 223 (12.16%) React
4 186 (10.14%) Web Services
5 183 (9.98%) REST
6 176 (9.60%) HTML
7 175 (9.54%) CSS
8 165 (9.00%) AngularJS
9 132 (7.20%) Chai
10 126 (6.87%) .NET
10 126 (6.87%) JSON
11 118 (6.43%) RESTful
12 108 (5.89%) Spring Boot
13 104 (5.67%) GraphQL
14 103 (5.62%) Spring
15 101 (5.51%) Kafka
16 89 (4.85%) Sass
17 88 (4.80%) HTML5
18 82 (4.47%) SOAP
19 79 (4.31%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 154 (8.40%) User Experience
2 152 (8.29%) Mobile App
3 138 (7.52%) Self-Motivation
4 82 (4.47%) Social Media
5 68 (3.71%) Cloud Native
6 66 (3.60%) Public Cloud
7 60 (3.27%) Wiki
8 53 (2.89%) Blockchain
9 52 (2.84%) Social Network
10 41 (2.24%) Enterprise Software
11 38 (2.07%) Blog
12 31 (1.69%) Virtual Team
13 30 (1.64%) Hackathon
14 26 (1.42%) Spread Betting
14 26 (1.42%) Web3
15 21 (1.15%) Analytical Mindset
15 21 (1.15%) Derivative
16 19 (1.04%) Graphic Design
16 19 (1.04%) W3C
17 18 (0.98%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 472 (25.74%) Linux
2 77 (4.20%) Android
3 65 (3.54%) Unix
4 64 (3.49%) Apple iOS
5 58 (3.16%) Windows
6 30 (1.64%) Mac OS X
7 13 (0.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 11 (0.60%) Windows 7
8 11 (0.60%) Windows Server
9 10 (0.55%) Windows Server 2012
10 4 (0.22%) VMS
11 1 (0.055%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.055%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 955 (52.07%) Agile
2 842 (45.91%) Test Automation
3 718 (39.15%) Software Testing
4 706 (38.50%) Software Engineering
5 543 (29.61%) Unit Testing
6 464 (25.30%) DevOps
7 460 (25.08%) CI/CD
8 385 (20.99%) Non-Functional Testing
9 374 (20.39%) BDD
10 342 (18.65%) Mentoring
11 332 (18.10%) Project Planning
12 329 (17.94%) Digital Signal Processing
12 329 (17.94%) Signal Processing
13 295 (16.09%) Scrum
14 271 (14.78%) TDD
15 269 (14.67%) SDLC
16 265 (14.45%) Continuous Integration
17 261 (14.23%) Microservices
18 260 (14.18%) Test Strategy
19 252 (13.74%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 484 (26.39%) JavaScript
2 475 (25.90%) Java
3 383 (20.88%) C++
4 379 (20.67%) C
5 367 (20.01%) SQL
6 295 (16.09%) Python
7 205 (11.18%) C#
8 178 (9.71%) TypeScript
9 75 (4.09%) Bash
10 54 (2.94%) Go
11 50 (2.73%) Ruby
12 43 (2.34%) Kotlin
13 41 (2.24%) ES6
14 37 (2.02%) PowerShell
15 36 (1.96%) Elm
15 36 (1.96%) Rust
16 32 (1.74%) PHP
17 19 (1.04%) Haskell
18 16 (0.87%) XPath
19 13 (0.71%) Solidity
Qualifications
1 645 (35.17%) Degree
2 164 (8.94%) ISTQB
3 88 (4.80%) Master's Degree
4 82 (4.47%) Computer Science Degree
5 79 (4.31%) ISEB
6 55 (3.00%) Security Cleared
7 53 (2.89%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 34 (1.85%) SC Cleared
9 21 (1.15%) ISEB Practitioner
10 19 (1.04%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 15 (0.82%) PMI Certification
12 8 (0.44%) IIBA
13 5 (0.27%) BPSS Clearance
13 5 (0.27%) Postgraduate
14 4 (0.22%) PMP
15 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Certification
16 1 (0.055%) ACCA
16 1 (0.055%) Cisco Certification
16 1 (0.055%) CISM
16 1 (0.055%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 467 (25.46%) QA
2 81 (4.42%) Accessibility
3 27 (1.47%) Data Quality
4 11 (0.60%) GDPR
5 10 (0.55%) WCAG
6 9 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 6 (0.33%) ISO 9001
8 5 (0.27%) PMO
9 2 (0.11%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.055%) IEC 62304
10 1 (0.055%) IFRS
10 1 (0.055%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.055%) ISO 15022
10 1 (0.055%) ISO 20022
10 1 (0.055%) NIST
10 1 (0.055%) Solvency II
System Software
1 292 (15.92%) Docker
2 35 (1.91%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 8 (0.44%) Kamailio
3 8 (0.44%) OpenSIPS
4 6 (0.33%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.22%) Active Directory
6 2 (0.11%) Firmware
6 2 (0.11%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.11%) KVM
6 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Virtual Server
6 2 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 188 (10.25%) Kubernetes
2 60 (3.27%) Terraform
3 48 (2.62%) Ansible
4 30 (1.64%) Istio
5 13 (0.71%) HP Quality Center
6 7 (0.38%) Puppet
7 6 (0.33%) HP ALM
8 2 (0.11%) CloudHub
8 2 (0.11%) Grafana
8 2 (0.11%) Opscode Chef
9 1 (0.055%) Kibana
9 1 (0.055%) McAfee ePO
9 1 (0.055%) SCCM
9 1 (0.055%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 105 (5.73%) Microsoft
2 98 (5.34%) Salesforce.com
3 90 (4.91%) Oracle
4 75 (4.09%) Google
5 52 (2.84%) Splunk
6 46 (2.51%) Confluent
7 45 (2.45%) FIS
7 45 (2.45%) SAP
8 37 (2.02%) Cisco
9 28 (1.53%) Apple
10 26 (1.42%) Atlassian
11 15 (0.82%) Syncsort
12 12 (0.65%) Red Hat
13 11 (0.60%) Dynatrace
13 11 (0.60%) Hitachi
13 11 (0.60%) HP
13 11 (0.60%) LexisNexis
14 10 (0.55%) Facebook
14 10 (0.55%) ServiceNow
15 9 (0.49%) Sun