Period
to 13 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Functional Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Functional Testing over the 6 months to 13 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Functional Testing
UK
6 months to
13 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 425 427 391
Rank change year-on-year +2 -36 -78
Permanent jobs citing Functional Testing 1,112 1,306 1,479
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.70% 0.73% 0.80%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.76% 0.79% 0.88%
Number of salaries quoted 874 950 1,187
UK median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,225 £27,500
90th Percentile £75,250 £70,000 £67,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,220 £38,500
% change year-on-year +0.66% +9.66% -

Functional Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 146,225 165,096 168,704
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.56% 91.88% 91.26%
Number of salaries quoted 115,831 131,154 139,968
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £29,650 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £43,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% -

Functional Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Functional Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Functional Testing.

Salary trend for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Functional Testing over the 6 months to 13 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 13 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 996 £50,000 +11.11% 192
UK excluding London +7 646 £42,500 +0.66% 144
London +31 443 £62,500 +4.17% 59
South East -18 179 £45,000 +5.88% 31
North of England +19 168 £37,500 -11.76% 42
Yorkshire +71 98 £37,500 -3.23% 16
South West +6 73 £49,000 +8.89% 26
Midlands -23 70 £45,000 - 17
Scotland +37 69 £44,250 -15.71% 9
North West -42 65 £40,000 -11.11% 24
East of England +42 64 £37,500 - 17
East Midlands -11 40 £52,500 +5.00% 5
West Midlands -12 29 £45,000 +8.43% 12
Wales -12 17 £35,000 +2.94% 2
Northern Ireland -4 7 £40,000 +11.11%
North East -3 6 £62,500 +56.25% 2

For the 6 months to 13 December 2018, IT jobs citing Functional Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Functional Testing.

1 730 (65.65%) Test Automation
2 678 (60.97%) Agile Software Development
3 466 (41.91%) Selenium
4 444 (39.93%) QA
5 380 (34.17%) Java
6 361 (32.46%) Non-Functional Testing
7 314 (28.24%) C#
8 287 (25.81%) SQL
9 242 (21.76%) Scrum
10 237 (21.31%) JavaScript
11 236 (21.22%) JIRA
12 226 (20.32%) Finance
13 223 (20.05%) BDD
14 217 (19.51%) Software Testing
15 197 (17.72%) Cucumber
16 194 (17.45%) Test Scripting
17 191 (17.18%) Continuous Integration
18 190 (17.09%) Test Strategy
19 173 (15.56%) ISTQB
20 172 (15.47%) Regression Testing
21 167 (15.02%) TDD
22 164 (14.75%) WebDriver
23 163 (14.66%) Jenkins
24 159 (14.30%) Performance Testing
25 151 (13.58%) SDLC
26 142 (12.77%) Degree
27 133 (11.96%) HTML
28 129 (11.60%) User Acceptance Testing
29 126 (11.33%) Manual Testing
30 125 (11.24%) Scenario Testing

Functional Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 104 (9.35%) Confluence
2 24 (2.16%) SharePoint
3 11 (0.99%) CMS
4 6 (0.54%) Elasticsearch
4 6 (0.54%) Tomcat
5 4 (0.36%) Apache
5 4 (0.36%) nginx
5 4 (0.36%) WebSphere
6 3 (0.27%) Drupal
6 3 (0.27%) IIS
6 3 (0.27%) Oracle Workflow
7 2 (0.18%) JBoss
7 2 (0.18%) Oracle Coherence
7 2 (0.18%) SAS
7 2 (0.18%) WebLogic
7 2 (0.18%) WordPress
8 1 (0.090%) Apache Spark
8 1 (0.090%) Tornado
8 1 (0.090%) uWSGI
8 1 (0.090%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 21 (1.89%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (1.62%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.45%) Fireworks
3 5 (0.45%) Photoshop
4 4 (0.36%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.090%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.090%) OrCAD
6 1 (0.090%) SOLIDWORKS
6 1 (0.090%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 15 (1.35%) Oracle EBS
2 10 (0.90%) Misys Midas
3 7 (0.63%) Magento
4 6 (0.54%) Demantra
4 6 (0.54%) Oracle ASCP
4 6 (0.54%) Oracle ERP
4 6 (0.54%) Oracle SCM
5 5 (0.45%) Oracle 11i
6 4 (0.36%) Oracle EBS R12
6 4 (0.36%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 3 (0.27%) BusinessWorks
7 3 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
7 3 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
8 2 (0.18%) Global One
8 2 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
8 2 (0.18%) Oracle General Ledger
8 2 (0.18%) Oracle iProcurement
8 2 (0.18%) SAP CRM
8 2 (0.18%) SAP IS-U
8 2 (0.18%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 71 (6.38%) Amazon AWS
2 45 (4.05%) Microsoft Azure
3 24 (2.16%) GitHub
4 21 (1.89%) Serverless
5 17 (1.53%) Office 365
6 15 (1.35%) G Suite
7 14 (1.26%) Google Cloud Platform
8 13 (1.17%) BlazeMeter
9 12 (1.08%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 12 (1.08%) BrowserStack
10 11 (0.99%) AWS Lambda
10 11 (0.99%) SaaS
11 9 (0.81%) npm
12 8 (0.72%) Amazon S3
13 6 (0.54%) Dynamics 365
13 6 (0.54%) Google Analytics
14 5 (0.45%) Amazon SQS
15 4 (0.36%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 4 (0.36%) Amazon Kinesis
15 4 (0.36%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 15 (1.35%) HTTP
2 11 (0.99%) Internet
3 6 (0.54%) SSL
4 4 (0.36%) Broadband
4 4 (0.36%) Ethernet
4 4 (0.36%) Intrusion Detection
4 4 (0.36%) OpenVPN
5 3 (0.27%) ATM
5 3 (0.27%) DNS
5 3 (0.27%) IPsec
5 3 (0.27%) IPv4
5 3 (0.27%) IPv6
5 3 (0.27%) Network Security
5 3 (0.27%) SNMP
5 3 (0.27%) SSH
5 3 (0.27%) VLAN
5 3 (0.27%) Wi-Fi
6 2 (0.18%) FTP
6 2 (0.18%) Intranet
6 2 (0.18%) PPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 97 (8.72%) SQL Server
2 68 (6.12%) MySQL
3 50 (4.50%) Relational Database
4 40 (3.60%) PostgreSQL
5 37 (3.33%) MongoDB
6 24 (2.16%) Blockchain
7 20 (1.80%) NoSQL
8 19 (1.71%) Big Data
9 15 (1.35%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 13 (1.17%) Oracle Database
10 13 (1.17%) SQL Server 2008
11 11 (0.99%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 11 (0.99%) RDBMS
11 11 (0.99%) SQL Server 2016
12 10 (0.90%) Oracle Reports
13 9 (0.81%) Data Warehouse
13 9 (0.81%) MS Access
13 9 (0.81%) Oracle Database 10g
13 9 (0.81%) SQL Server 2005
14 8 (0.72%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 466 (41.91%) Selenium
2 236 (21.22%) JIRA
3 197 (17.72%) Cucumber
4 164 (14.75%) WebDriver
5 163 (14.66%) Jenkins
6 116 (10.43%) Git (software)
6 116 (10.43%) SoapUI
7 107 (9.62%) JMeter
8 91 (8.18%) SpecFlow
9 87 (7.82%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 72 (6.47%) Team Foundation Server
11 63 (5.67%) Appium
12 59 (5.31%) Visual Studio
13 58 (5.22%) JUnit
14 57 (5.13%) HP UFT
15 50 (4.50%) JBehave
16 44 (3.96%) Zephyr
17 39 (3.51%) Maven
18 31 (2.79%) NUnit
19 30 (2.70%) Calabash
General
1 226 (20.32%) Finance
2 64 (5.76%) Banking
3 47 (4.23%) Retail
4 30 (2.70%) Marketing
5 23 (2.07%) Law
6 20 (1.80%) Games
7 17 (1.53%) Manufacturing
8 14 (1.26%) Investment Banking
9 12 (1.08%) General Ledger
10 11 (0.99%) Electronics
11 10 (0.90%) Retail Banking
12 9 (0.81%) Telecoms
13 7 (0.63%) Automotive
13 7 (0.63%) Financial Institution
13 7 (0.63%) Front Office
14 6 (0.54%) Billing
15 5 (0.45%) Military
16 3 (0.27%) Advertising
16 3 (0.27%) Aerospace
16 3 (0.27%) Legal
Job Titles
1 317 (28.51%) Analyst
2 238 (21.40%) Test Analyst
3 202 (18.17%) Tester
4 194 (17.45%) Developer
5 122 (10.97%) Automation Tester
6 105 (9.44%) Test Engineer
7 100 (8.99%) QA Engineer
8 72 (6.47%) Test Automation Engineer
9 67 (6.03%) Test Leader
10 56 (5.04%) Software Tester
11 53 (4.77%) Senior Analyst
12 52 (4.68%) Automation Test Analyst
12 52 (4.68%) Developer in Test
13 49 (4.41%) QA Tester
14 47 (4.23%) Test Manager
15 44 (3.96%) Consultant
16 43 (3.87%) Software Developer
17 41 (3.69%) QA Analyst
17 41 (3.69%) QA Automation Tester
18 39 (3.51%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 133 (11.96%) HTML
2 112 (10.07%) .NET
2 112 (10.07%) Web Services
3 107 (9.62%) CSS
4 92 (8.27%) SOAP
5 84 (7.55%) Gherkin
6 83 (7.46%) RESTful
7 77 (6.92%) XML
8 69 (6.21%) AngularJS
9 60 (5.40%) REST
10 56 (5.04%) JSON
11 54 (4.86%) HTML5
12 52 (4.68%) Node.js
13 39 (3.51%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 35 (3.15%) React
15 34 (3.06%) Behat
16 32 (2.88%) Spring
17 22 (1.98%) jQuery
18 21 (1.89%) Sass
19 18 (1.62%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 94 (8.45%) Analytical Skills
2 87 (7.82%) User Experience
3 54 (4.86%) Self-Motivation
4 52 (4.68%) Mobile App
5 40 (3.60%) Fintech
6 39 (3.51%) Management Information System
7 17 (1.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 17 (1.53%) Virtual Team
8 16 (1.44%) Linux Command Line
9 15 (1.35%) Bitcoin
10 12 (1.08%) Data Structures
11 10 (0.90%) Algorithms
11 10 (0.90%) Analytical Mindset
11 10 (0.90%) Hedge funds
11 10 (0.90%) NHS
11 10 (0.90%) SWIFT
12 9 (0.81%) Clustering
12 9 (0.81%) Greenfield Project
13 8 (0.72%) Online Games
13 8 (0.72%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 81 (7.28%) Linux
2 71 (6.38%) Windows
3 24 (2.16%) Unix
4 19 (1.71%) Apple iOS
5 17 (1.53%) Android
6 6 (0.54%) Mac OS X
6 6 (0.54%) VMS
7 5 (0.45%) Windows Server
8 3 (0.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
9 2 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.090%) AIX
10 1 (0.090%) CentOS
10 1 (0.090%) Embedded Linux
10 1 (0.090%) VxWorks
10 1 (0.090%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 730 (65.65%) Test Automation
2 678 (60.97%) Agile Software Development
3 361 (32.46%) Non-Functional Testing
4 242 (21.76%) Scrum
5 223 (20.05%) BDD
6 217 (19.51%) Software Testing
7 194 (17.45%) Test Scripting
8 191 (17.18%) Continuous Integration
9 190 (17.09%) Test Strategy
10 172 (15.47%) Regression Testing
11 167 (15.02%) TDD
12 159 (14.30%) Performance Testing
13 151 (13.58%) SDLC
14 129 (11.60%) User Acceptance Testing
15 126 (11.33%) Manual Testing
16 125 (11.24%) Scenario Testing
17 123 (11.06%) Test Management
18 122 (10.97%) Waterfall
19 120 (10.79%) Problem-Solving
20 113 (10.16%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 380 (34.17%) Java
2 314 (28.24%) C#
3 287 (25.81%) SQL
4 237 (21.31%) JavaScript
5 117 (10.52%) Python
6 51 (4.59%) Ruby
7 39 (3.51%) C
8 33 (2.97%) C++
9 31 (2.79%) Groovy
10 23 (2.07%) PowerShell
11 22 (1.98%) PHP
12 21 (1.89%) PL/SQL
13 20 (1.80%) ES6
14 16 (1.44%) TypeScript
15 13 (1.17%) Java 8
15 13 (1.17%) T-SQL
16 11 (0.99%) Bash Shell
17 10 (0.90%) Perl
18 8 (0.72%) Objective-C
18 8 (0.72%) VB
Qualifications
1 173 (15.56%) ISTQB
2 142 (12.77%) Degree
3 98 (8.81%) ISEB
4 67 (6.03%) Security Cleared
5 56 (5.04%) SC Cleared
6 52 (4.68%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 30 (2.70%) Computer Science Degree
8 24 (2.16%) DV Cleared
9 11 (0.99%) Numerate Degree
10 8 (0.72%) Master's Degree
11 7 (0.63%) MCSA
11 7 (0.63%) MCSE
11 7 (0.63%) Microsoft Certification
12 6 (0.54%) CEH
12 6 (0.54%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 4 (0.36%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
14 2 (0.18%) HNC
14 2 (0.18%) ICAEW
14 2 (0.18%) ITIL Certification
14 2 (0.18%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 444 (39.93%) QA
2 15 (1.35%) SLA
3 10 (0.90%) ISO 20022
3 10 (0.90%) ISO 8583
4 5 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (0.45%) SEPA
5 2 (0.18%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.18%) GDPR
6 1 (0.090%) GAAP
6 1 (0.090%) MiFID
6 1 (0.090%) MISRA
6 1 (0.090%) MISRA C
6 1 (0.090%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 26 (2.34%) Docker
2 9 (0.81%) Active Directory
3 7 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (0.54%) Hyper-V
4 6 (0.54%) Oracle Clusterware
4 6 (0.54%) Oracle RAC
5 5 (0.45%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.36%) Squid
7 1 (0.090%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.090%) Firmware
7 1 (0.090%) HDFS
7 1 (0.090%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 35 (3.15%) HP Quality Center
2 28 (2.52%) HP ALM
3 7 (0.63%) Ansible
3 7 (0.63%) Kubernetes
4 4 (0.36%) Terraform
5 2 (0.18%) HP Fortify
5 2 (0.18%) Opscode Chef
5 2 (0.18%) Puppet
5 2 (0.18%) SCCM
5 2 (0.18%) Thomson Reuters DACS
6 1 (0.090%) Capistrano
6 1 (0.090%) Consul
6 1 (0.090%) Docker Swarm
6 1 (0.090%) Kibana
6 1 (0.090%) logstash
6 1 (0.090%) Nagios
6 1 (0.090%) Oozie
6 1 (0.090%) Packer
6 1 (0.090%) SCOM
6 1 (0.090%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 95 (8.54%) Oracle
2 94 (8.45%) Microsoft
3 52 (4.68%) HP
4 46 (4.14%) Google
5 39 (3.51%) SAP
6 18 (1.62%) TIBCO
7 17 (1.53%) IBM
8 14 (1.26%) WorldPay
9 10 (0.90%) Cognizant
9 10 (0.90%) FIS
10 9 (0.81%) Atlassian
10 9 (0.81%) Xamarin
11 8 (0.72%) AppDynamics
11 8 (0.72%) Dynatrace
11 8 (0.72%) New Relic
12 7 (0.63%) VMware
13 5 (0.45%) Salesforce.com
13 5 (0.45%) Sitecore
14 4 (0.36%) Apple
14 4 (0.36%) Cisco