Period
to 16 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Functional Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Functional Testing over the 6 months to 16 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Functional Testing
UK
6 months to
16 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 450 374 338
Rank change year-on-year -76 -36 -25
Permanent jobs citing Functional Testing 1,173 1,482 1,949
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.67% 0.83% 0.96%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.73% 0.92% 1.06%
Number of salaries quoted 947 1,096 1,531
UK median annual salary £47,500 £43,875 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.26% -2.50% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,750 £29,250
90th Percentile £71,550 £72,250 £66,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £38,891
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.85% -2.77%

Functional Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 159,594 161,008 183,098
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 90.68% 90.69% 90.02%
Number of salaries quoted 127,542 129,851 152,298
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% -
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +1.19%

Functional Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Functional Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Functional Testing.

Salary trend for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Functional Testing over the 6 months to 16 July 2018.

Salary histogram for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 16 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -61 1,082 £47,500 +7.95% 161
UK excluding London -52 727 £42,500 +6.25% 119
London -50 427 £56,500 -1.74% 58
South East -4 256 £45,000 +20.00% 27
North of England -33 195 £42,500 - 30
Yorkshire -1 100 £50,000 +17.65% 9
North West -19 86 £35,500 -21.11% 19
South West -44 75 £40,000 +2.56% 12
East of England -13 64 £42,500 -5.56% 16
Midlands -52 63 £42,500 +6.25% 18
Scotland -25 50 £40,500 -22.86% 13
West Midlands -26 35 £40,000 - 11
East Midlands -18 28 £50,000 +33.33% 7
Wales +5 22 £31,500 -3.08% 3
North East -24 9 £32,500 -7.14% 2
Isle of Man -2 1 £37,500 -
Northern Ireland -2 1 £31,000 -7.46%

For the 6 months to 16 July 2018, IT jobs citing Functional Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Functional Testing.

1 770 (65.64%) Test Automation
2 703 (59.93%) Agile Software Development
3 472 (40.24%) QA
4 400 (34.10%) Selenium
5 384 (32.74%) Java
6 356 (30.35%) Non-Functional Testing
7 306 (26.09%) Finance
8 281 (23.96%) SQL
9 263 (22.42%) C#
10 243 (20.72%) Scrum
11 240 (20.46%) JavaScript
12 237 (20.20%) Test Strategy
13 232 (19.78%) Regression Testing
14 227 (19.35%) BDD
15 219 (18.67%) TDD
16 195 (16.62%) User Acceptance Testing
17 194 (16.54%) Test Scripting
18 193 (16.45%) JIRA
19 189 (16.11%) Performance Testing
20 180 (15.35%) Cucumber
20 180 (15.35%) WebDriver
21 171 (14.58%) SDLC
22 159 (13.55%) Continuous Integration
22 159 (13.55%) Problem-Solving
23 152 (12.96%) Software Testing
24 151 (12.87%) Waterfall
25 150 (12.79%) Degree
26 149 (12.70%) Jenkins
27 148 (12.62%) Python
28 142 (12.11%) ISTQB

Functional Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 65 (5.54%) Confluence
2 16 (1.36%) Tomcat
3 12 (1.02%) SAS
4 8 (0.68%) Apache Spark
4 8 (0.68%) CMS
4 8 (0.68%) JBoss
5 6 (0.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 6 (0.51%) SharePoint
6 5 (0.43%) Apache
6 5 (0.43%) IIS
6 5 (0.43%) WildFly
7 4 (0.34%) BizTalk Server
7 4 (0.34%) SharePoint Server
8 3 (0.26%) CICS
8 3 (0.26%) MQSeries
8 3 (0.26%) Oracle Workflow
8 3 (0.26%) Umbraco
9 2 (0.17%) Elasticsearch
9 2 (0.17%) SharePoint 2013
9 2 (0.17%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 28 (2.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (1.11%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.60%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (0.43%) Fireworks
4 5 (0.43%) OrCAD
4 5 (0.43%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.085%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 7 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
1 7 (0.60%) Oracle EBS
2 6 (0.51%) SAP IS-U
3 5 (0.43%) Demantra
3 5 (0.43%) Oracle ASCP
3 5 (0.43%) SAP CRM
4 4 (0.34%) Endur
4 4 (0.34%) Findur
5 3 (0.26%) SAP HCM
5 3 (0.26%) SAP HR
6 2 (0.17%) BusinessWorks
6 2 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
6 2 (0.17%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 2 (0.17%) TIBCO iProcess
7 1 (0.085%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.085%) Oracle Cash Management
7 1 (0.085%) Oracle Payables
7 1 (0.085%) Oracle Receivables
7 1 (0.085%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 82 (6.99%) Amazon AWS
2 26 (2.22%) Microsoft Azure
3 24 (2.05%) GitHub
4 18 (1.53%) BrowserStack
5 14 (1.19%) BlazeMeter
6 11 (0.94%) npm
7 10 (0.85%) SaaS
8 8 (0.68%) Google Analytics
9 7 (0.60%) Cloud Computing
10 6 (0.51%) Serverless
11 5 (0.43%) Google Cloud Platform
11 5 (0.43%) OpenShift
12 4 (0.34%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 4 (0.34%) AWS Lambda
13 3 (0.26%) Amazon S3
13 3 (0.26%) Dynamics 365
13 3 (0.26%) SuccessFactors
14 2 (0.17%) CloudFront
14 2 (0.17%) PaaS
14 2 (0.17%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 20 (1.71%) Internet
2 18 (1.53%) HTTP
3 13 (1.11%) Ethernet
3 13 (1.11%) IPsec
3 13 (1.11%) IPv4
3 13 (1.11%) IPv6
3 13 (1.11%) SNMP
3 13 (1.11%) SSH
3 13 (1.11%) SSL
3 13 (1.11%) VLAN
3 13 (1.11%) Wi-Fi
4 7 (0.60%) LAN
4 7 (0.60%) Network Security
4 7 (0.60%) WAN
5 5 (0.43%) Broadband
6 4 (0.34%) ATM
6 4 (0.34%) SMS
7 3 (0.26%) TCP/IP
7 3 (0.26%) VoIP
8 2 (0.17%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 87 (7.42%) SQL Server
2 62 (5.29%) MySQL
3 47 (4.01%) PostgreSQL
4 41 (3.50%) Big Data
5 38 (3.24%) Data Warehouse
6 36 (3.07%) Relational Database
7 34 (2.90%) Blockchain
8 16 (1.36%) Oracle Database
9 14 (1.19%) Crystal Reports
9 14 (1.19%) MongoDB
10 12 (1.02%) Apache Cassandra
11 10 (0.85%) DB2
11 10 (0.85%) NoSQL
11 10 (0.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 9 (0.77%) Hadoop
12 9 (0.77%) Power BI
12 9 (0.77%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 8 (0.68%) SQL Server 2008
13 8 (0.68%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 7 (0.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 400 (34.10%) Selenium
2 193 (16.45%) JIRA
3 180 (15.35%) Cucumber
3 180 (15.35%) WebDriver
4 149 (12.70%) Jenkins
5 136 (11.59%) Git (software)
6 96 (8.18%) SpecFlow
7 71 (6.05%) JMeter
8 70 (5.97%) SoapUI
9 69 (5.88%) Team Foundation Server
10 64 (5.46%) Maven
11 63 (5.37%) HP UFT
12 55 (4.69%) Visual Studio
13 47 (4.01%) Appium
14 43 (3.67%) Protractor
15 42 (3.58%) Gatling
16 35 (2.98%) JBehave
17 34 (2.90%) JUnit
17 34 (2.90%) TeamCity
18 31 (2.64%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 306 (26.09%) Finance
2 98 (8.35%) Banking
3 58 (4.94%) Retail
4 28 (2.39%) Investment Banking
5 23 (1.96%) Marketing
6 18 (1.53%) Law
7 13 (1.11%) Electronics
7 13 (1.11%) Telecoms
8 12 (1.02%) Front Office
8 12 (1.02%) Legal
8 12 (1.02%) Manufacturing
9 11 (0.94%) Advertising
9 11 (0.94%) Automotive
10 10 (0.85%) Games
11 9 (0.77%) Financial Institution
12 6 (0.51%) Back Office
12 6 (0.51%) Billing
12 6 (0.51%) Polish Language
13 5 (0.43%) Japanese Language
14 4 (0.34%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 320 (27.28%) Analyst
2 225 (19.18%) Test Analyst
3 216 (18.41%) Developer
4 189 (16.11%) Tester
5 121 (10.32%) Test Engineer
6 91 (7.76%) Automation Tester
7 86 (7.33%) QA Analyst
8 85 (7.25%) Test Manager
9 82 (6.99%) Test Leader
10 81 (6.91%) QA Engineer
11 72 (6.14%) Automation Test Analyst
12 70 (5.97%) Senior Analyst
13 66 (5.63%) Java Developer
14 63 (5.37%) Test Automation Engineer
15 62 (5.29%) QA Tester
16 61 (5.20%) Developer in Test
17 52 (4.43%) Software Developer
18 50 (4.26%) Senior Test Analyst
19 44 (3.75%) QA Automation Analyst
19 44 (3.75%) QA Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 139 (11.85%) Web Services
2 112 (9.55%) HTML
3 110 (9.38%) .NET
4 103 (8.78%) AngularJS
5 101 (8.61%) CSS
6 94 (8.01%) RESTful
7 54 (4.60%) React
8 49 (4.18%) XML
9 45 (3.84%) Gherkin
10 40 (3.41%) Spring
11 38 (3.24%) SOAP
12 37 (3.15%) REST
13 35 (2.98%) JSON
14 34 (2.90%) Sass
15 28 (2.39%) Node.js
16 26 (2.22%) Hibernate
16 26 (2.22%) jQuery
16 26 (2.22%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 21 (1.79%) Django
17 21 (1.79%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 96 (8.18%) Mobile App
2 93 (7.93%) Analytical Skills
3 86 (7.33%) User Experience
4 74 (6.31%) Computer Science
5 41 (3.50%) Self-Motivation
6 36 (3.07%) Virtual Team
7 32 (2.73%) Fintech
8 20 (1.71%) Bitcoin
8 20 (1.71%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 18 (1.53%) Greenfield Project
10 17 (1.45%) Algorithms
11 16 (1.36%) Linux Command Line
12 15 (1.28%) Enterprise Software
13 14 (1.19%) Data Structures
13 14 (1.19%) Mainframe
14 13 (1.11%) Management Information System
15 12 (1.02%) Client/Server
16 8 (0.68%) NHS
17 7 (0.60%) Fixed Income
17 7 (0.60%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 86 (7.33%) Linux
1 86 (7.33%) Windows
2 42 (3.58%) Unix
3 29 (2.47%) Android
4 22 (1.88%) Apple iOS
5 6 (0.51%) Mac OS X
6 4 (0.34%) Embedded Linux
6 4 (0.34%) VMS
6 4 (0.34%) VxWorks
7 3 (0.26%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.085%) CentOS
8 1 (0.085%) Solaris
8 1 (0.085%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.085%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.085%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 770 (65.64%) Test Automation
2 703 (59.93%) Agile Software Development
3 356 (30.35%) Non-Functional Testing
4 243 (20.72%) Scrum
5 237 (20.20%) Test Strategy
6 232 (19.78%) Regression Testing
7 227 (19.35%) BDD
8 219 (18.67%) TDD
9 195 (16.62%) User Acceptance Testing
10 194 (16.54%) Test Scripting
11 189 (16.11%) Performance Testing
12 171 (14.58%) SDLC
13 159 (13.55%) Continuous Integration
13 159 (13.55%) Problem-Solving
14 152 (12.96%) Software Testing
15 151 (12.87%) Waterfall
16 127 (10.83%) Integration Testing
17 119 (10.14%) Manual Testing
18 105 (8.95%) Acceptance Criteria
19 100 (8.53%) System Integration Testing
Programming Languages
1 384 (32.74%) Java
2 281 (23.96%) SQL
3 263 (22.42%) C#
4 240 (20.46%) JavaScript
5 148 (12.62%) Python
6 79 (6.73%) C++
7 48 (4.09%) Ruby
8 47 (4.01%) C
9 35 (2.98%) T-SQL
10 32 (2.73%) PHP
11 29 (2.47%) Scala
12 26 (2.22%) Go
13 24 (2.05%) PL/SQL
14 22 (1.88%) Groovy
14 22 (1.88%) Shell Script
15 20 (1.71%) Objective-C
16 19 (1.62%) Apple Swift
17 14 (1.19%) ES6
18 13 (1.11%) Java 8
18 13 (1.11%) Perl
Qualifications
1 150 (12.79%) Degree
2 142 (12.11%) ISTQB
3 110 (9.38%) ISEB
4 49 (4.18%) Computer Science Degree
5 46 (3.92%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 38 (3.24%) Security Cleared
7 20 (1.71%) SC Cleared
8 10 (0.85%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 8 (0.68%) Master's Degree
10 6 (0.51%) ISEB Practitioner
11 5 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
12 4 (0.34%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
12 4 (0.34%) Six Sigma Black Belt
12 4 (0.34%) Six Sigma Green Belt
12 4 (0.34%) Six Sigma Yellow Belt
13 3 (0.26%) ITIL Certification
13 3 (0.26%) Oracle Certification
14 2 (0.17%) CEH
14 2 (0.17%) MCSA
14 2 (0.17%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 472 (40.24%) QA
2 23 (1.96%) GDPR
3 11 (0.94%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 9 (0.77%) SLA
5 6 (0.51%) ISO 9001
6 4 (0.34%) Data Quality
6 4 (0.34%) ECSS
6 4 (0.34%) MISRA
6 4 (0.34%) MISRA C
6 4 (0.34%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.34%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.17%) Dodd-Frank
7 2 (0.17%) EMIR
7 2 (0.17%) MiFID
7 2 (0.17%) PMO
8 1 (0.085%) GCP
8 1 (0.085%) ISO 9000
8 1 (0.085%) WCAG
System Software
1 50 (4.26%) Docker
2 6 (0.51%) Virtual Machines
3 4 (0.34%) Firmware
3 4 (0.34%) Hyper-V
4 3 (0.26%) HDFS
5 2 (0.17%) Apache Flume
5 2 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.085%) Active Directory
6 1 (0.085%) KVM
6 1 (0.085%) Microsoft App-V
6 1 (0.085%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 48 (4.09%) HP Quality Center
2 20 (1.71%) HP ALM
3 11 (0.94%) Ansible
4 10 (0.85%) Puppet
5 9 (0.77%) HP Fortify
6 4 (0.34%) Kubernetes
6 4 (0.34%) Opscode Chef
7 3 (0.26%) Marathon
8 2 (0.17%) Oozie
9 1 (0.085%) Capistrano
9 1 (0.085%) Nagios
9 1 (0.085%) OpenView
9 1 (0.085%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
9 1 (0.085%) Terraform
9 1 (0.085%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 99 (8.44%) Oracle
2 95 (8.10%) Microsoft
3 78 (6.65%) HP
4 51 (4.35%) SAP
5 19 (1.62%) EMC
6 17 (1.45%) Google
7 16 (1.36%) Capita
7 16 (1.36%) TIBCO
8 15 (1.28%) Xamarin
9 12 (1.02%) IBM
9 12 (1.02%) Perforce
10 10 (0.85%) Cisco
10 10 (0.85%) Juniper
10 10 (0.85%) Salesforce.com
11 8 (0.68%) Atlassian
12 7 (0.60%) Cognizant
13 6 (0.51%) WorldPay
14 5 (0.43%) FIS
14 5 (0.43%) Sitecore
15 4 (0.34%) Dynatrace