Period
to 28 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 28 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
28 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 61 72 84
Rank change year-on-year +11 +12 -4
Permanent jobs citing REST 2,451 5,190 5,900
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.45% 3.83% 3.64%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.18% 10.03% 9.16%
Number of salaries quoted 2,348 4,366 4,879
Median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% - +3.77%
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £33,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £49,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% -3.06% +8.89%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 24,086 51,745 64,426
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.76% 38.22% 39.77%
Number of salaries quoted 20,701 42,718 53,225
Median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £91,250 £87,500 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing REST.

Salary trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 28 November 2020.

Salary histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 28 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +12 2,288 £60,000 +4.35% 539
UK excluding London +19 1,307 £50,000 +5.26% 337
London +4 1,023 £70,000 - 239
Work from Home +32 452 £57,500 +8.80% 136
South East +15 390 £55,000 +10.00% 71
North of England +18 326 £50,000 +10.50% 110
Midlands +79 237 £50,000 +5.26% 56
North West +15 189 £50,500 +10.99% 54
West Midlands +69 165 £55,000 +10.00% 36
South West +9 160 £50,000 +11.11% 35
Yorkshire +44 110 £47,500 - 45
East of England +58 109 £55,000 +4.76% 28
East Midlands +52 72 £42,500 +4.94% 20
Scotland -24 52 £52,500 +23.53% 22
North East -1 27 £47,500 +18.75% 11
Northern Ireland +3 21 £47,500 -2.56% 8
Wales -5 15 £48,000 +20.00% 7
Isle of Man - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 28 November 2020, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 1,277 (52.10%) JavaScript
2 1,212 (49.45%) Agile Software Development
3 800 (32.64%) .NET
4 783 (31.95%) SQL
5 779 (31.78%) C#
6 731 (29.82%) CSS
7 714 (29.13%) HTML
8 700 (28.56%) AngularJS
9 684 (27.91%) Java
10 651 (26.56%) Microservices
11 606 (24.72%) Web Services
11 606 (24.72%) Azure
12 590 (24.07%) AWS
13 572 (23.34%) SOAP
14 564 (23.01%) React
15 560 (22.85%) Git (software)
16 553 (22.56%) TDD
17 507 (20.69%) DevOps
18 485 (19.79%) Docker
19 473 (19.30%) SQL Server
20 464 (18.93%) Software Engineering
21 451 (18.40%) Scrum
22 439 (17.91%) Node.js
23 436 (17.79%) Test Automation
24 435 (17.75%) MVC
25 418 (17.05%) Finance
26 401 (16.36%) Python
27 390 (15.91%) JSON
28 379 (15.46%) Spring
29 377 (15.38%) .NET Core

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 87 (3.55%) CMS
2 73 (2.98%) Confluence
3 67 (2.73%) Elasticsearch
4 65 (2.65%) Tomcat
5 39 (1.59%) Apache
6 36 (1.47%) IIS
6 36 (1.47%) WordPress
7 27 (1.10%) SharePoint
8 26 (1.06%) Umbraco
9 25 (1.02%) Apache Spark
9 25 (1.02%) JBoss
10 16 (0.65%) Drupal
11 15 (0.61%) OpenStack
12 14 (0.57%) Moodle
13 13 (0.53%) Headless CMS
13 13 (0.53%) Red Hat Fuse
14 12 (0.49%) EPiServer
14 12 (0.49%) WebSphere
15 11 (0.45%) Mule
15 11 (0.45%) nginx
Applications
1 21 (0.86%) Figma
2 19 (0.78%) Microsoft Excel
3 15 (0.61%) Photoshop
4 8 (0.33%) Adobe XD
4 8 (0.33%) Sketch
4 8 (0.33%) Zeplin
5 7 (0.29%) Chatbot
6 6 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
7 5 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
7 5 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 5 (0.20%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.041%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.041%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 40 (1.63%) Dynamics CRM
2 34 (1.39%) Magento
3 21 (0.86%) Shopify
4 14 (0.57%) Siebel CRM
5 12 (0.49%) Oracle BPM
6 8 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
6 8 (0.33%) SAP S/4HANA
7 7 (0.29%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 5 (0.20%) NetSuite
8 5 (0.20%) Oracle ERP
8 5 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 4 (0.16%) Elite 3E
9 4 (0.16%) Social Studio
10 3 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
10 3 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
10 3 (0.12%) Eikon
10 3 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
11 2 (0.082%) Dynamics NAV
11 2 (0.082%) Maximo
11 2 (0.082%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 606 (24.72%) Azure
2 590 (24.07%) AWS
3 184 (7.51%) SaaS
4 161 (6.57%) Serverless
5 158 (6.45%) GCP
6 102 (4.16%) AWS Lambda
7 90 (3.67%) GitHub
8 72 (2.94%) npm
9 61 (2.49%) Amazon EC2
10 58 (2.37%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
11 57 (2.33%) Cloud Computing
12 45 (1.84%) Power Platform
12 45 (1.84%) Salesforce Service Cloud
13 40 (1.63%) Amazon ECS
14 39 (1.59%) Amazon EKS
14 39 (1.59%) OpenShift
15 38 (1.55%) PaaS
16 30 (1.22%) Dynamics 365
17 25 (1.02%) IaaS
18 24 (0.98%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 141 (5.75%) HTTP
2 24 (0.98%) Internet
3 17 (0.69%) TCP/IP
4 15 (0.61%) AMQP
5 14 (0.57%) Skype
6 11 (0.45%) RTP
6 11 (0.45%) Unified Communications
7 9 (0.37%) FTP
8 8 (0.33%) Firewall
8 8 (0.33%) SSL
9 6 (0.24%) DNS
10 5 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
11 4 (0.16%) DHCP
12 3 (0.12%) Bluetooth
12 3 (0.12%) IPv6
12 3 (0.12%) SMPP
12 3 (0.12%) SSH
12 3 (0.12%) VLAN
12 3 (0.12%) Wireless
12 3 (0.12%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 473 (19.30%) SQL Server
2 259 (10.57%) MySQL
3 257 (10.49%) NoSQL
4 250 (10.20%) MongoDB
5 190 (7.75%) PostgreSQL
6 134 (5.47%) Relational Database
7 85 (3.47%) Redis
8 64 (2.61%) Big Data
9 53 (2.16%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 51 (2.08%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 45 (1.84%) SQL Server 2012
12 44 (1.80%) Data Warehouse
12 44 (1.80%) Power BI
13 34 (1.39%) Amazon RDS
14 32 (1.31%) Hadoop
15 29 (1.18%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 27 (1.10%) Apache Cassandra
16 27 (1.10%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 22 (0.90%) Blockchain
18 18 (0.73%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 560 (22.85%) Git (software)
2 236 (9.63%) Jenkins
3 199 (8.12%) JIRA
4 157 (6.41%) JUnit
5 95 (3.88%) Selenium
6 94 (3.84%) webpack
7 90 (3.67%) Maven
8 82 (3.35%) TeamCity
9 72 (2.94%) Mockito
9 72 (2.94%) Team Foundation Server
10 64 (2.61%) NUnit
11 59 (2.41%) Visual Studio
12 57 (2.33%) Subversion
13 55 (2.24%) Cucumber
14 52 (2.12%) Bitbucket
15 41 (1.67%) SonarQube
16 39 (1.59%) gulp
17 38 (1.55%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 37 (1.51%) Eclipse
19 35 (1.43%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 418 (17.05%) Finance
2 157 (6.41%) Marketing
3 88 (3.59%) Banking
4 83 (3.39%) Public Sector
5 64 (2.61%) Telecoms
6 53 (2.16%) Manufacturing
7 47 (1.92%) Electronics
7 47 (1.92%) Retail
8 38 (1.55%) Games
9 31 (1.26%) Law
10 30 (1.22%) Legal
11 20 (0.82%) Advertising
12 14 (0.57%) Front Office
13 13 (0.53%) Local Government
14 11 (0.45%) Financial Institution
15 10 (0.41%) Investment Banking
16 8 (0.33%) Automotive
17 6 (0.24%) Back Office
17 6 (0.24%) Publishing
18 5 (0.20%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 1,647 (67.20%) Developer
2 356 (14.52%) Senior Developer
3 306 (12.48%) .NET Developer
4 304 (12.40%) Java Developer
5 233 (9.51%) C# Developer
6 208 (8.49%) Full Stack Developer
7 186 (7.59%) Software Developer
8 181 (7.38%) Software Engineer
9 162 (6.61%) C# .NET Developer
10 131 (5.34%) Architect
11 124 (5.06%) Lead Developer
12 117 (4.77%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 115 (4.69%) PHP Developer
14 107 (4.37%) React Developer
15 106 (4.32%) Salesforce Developer
16 104 (4.24%) JavaScript Developer
17 98 (4.00%) Senior Software Engineer
18 96 (3.92%) Python Developer
19 81 (3.30%) Senior Java Developer
20 75 (3.06%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 800 (32.64%) .NET
2 731 (29.82%) CSS
3 714 (29.13%) HTML
4 700 (28.56%) AngularJS
5 606 (24.72%) Web Services
6 572 (23.34%) SOAP
7 564 (23.01%) React
8 439 (17.91%) Node.js
9 390 (15.91%) JSON
10 379 (15.46%) Spring
11 377 (15.38%) .NET Core
12 302 (12.32%) ASP.NET
13 278 (11.34%) HTML5
14 271 (11.06%) XML
15 265 (10.81%) .NET Framework
16 241 (9.83%) jQuery
17 233 (9.51%) ASP.NET Web API
18 184 (7.51%) RESTful
19 176 (7.18%) Vue.js
20 174 (7.10%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 211 (8.61%) User Experience
2 147 (6.00%) Mobile App
3 139 (5.67%) Greenfield Project
4 115 (4.69%) Analytical Skills
5 78 (3.18%) Algorithms
6 63 (2.57%) Data Structures
7 58 (2.37%) Self-Motivation
8 54 (2.20%) Cloud Native
8 54 (2.20%) Management Information System
9 46 (1.88%) Blog
10 45 (1.84%) Enterprise Software
11 26 (1.06%) Linux Command Line
12 22 (0.90%) Social Media
13 21 (0.86%) Market Risk
14 17 (0.69%) Hedge funds
14 17 (0.69%) Private Cloud
14 17 (0.69%) Public Cloud
15 13 (0.53%) Fixed Income
15 13 (0.53%) PKI
15 13 (0.53%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 226 (9.22%) Linux
2 164 (6.69%) Windows
3 97 (3.96%) Android
4 73 (2.98%) Apple iOS
5 44 (1.80%) Unix
6 17 (0.69%) CentOS
7 14 (0.57%) Ubuntu
8 13 (0.53%) Windows Server
9 10 (0.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 10 (0.41%) VMS
10 8 (0.33%) Amazon Linux
10 8 (0.33%) Mac OS X
11 5 (0.20%) Fedora
12 3 (0.12%) Solaris
12 3 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
13 2 (0.082%) AIX
14 1 (0.041%) Data ONTAP
14 1 (0.041%) Debian
14 1 (0.041%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,212 (49.45%) Agile Software Development
2 651 (26.56%) Microservices
3 553 (22.56%) TDD
4 507 (20.69%) DevOps
5 464 (18.93%) Software Engineering
6 451 (18.40%) Scrum
7 436 (17.79%) Test Automation
8 435 (17.75%) MVC
9 335 (13.67%) Unit Testing
10 297 (12.12%) BDD
11 290 (11.83%) Continuous Integration
12 243 (9.91%) Fintech
13 241 (9.83%) OO
14 218 (8.89%) Problem-Solving
15 196 (8.00%) Web Development
16 193 (7.87%) Front End Development
17 189 (7.71%) Mentoring
18 175 (7.14%) Open Source
19 174 (7.10%) OOP
20 173 (7.06%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,277 (52.10%) JavaScript
2 783 (31.95%) SQL
3 779 (31.78%) C#
4 684 (27.91%) Java
5 401 (16.36%) Python
6 259 (10.57%) PHP
7 232 (9.47%) TypeScript
8 142 (5.79%) Java 8
9 116 (4.73%) C++
10 104 (4.24%) Apex Code
11 97 (3.96%) Go
12 80 (3.26%) T-SQL
13 76 (3.10%) PowerShell
14 62 (2.53%) ES6
15 54 (2.20%) SOQL
16 40 (1.63%) Scala
17 33 (1.35%) C
18 31 (1.26%) VB.NET
19 29 (1.18%) Bash Shell
20 25 (1.02%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 303 (12.36%) Degree
2 102 (4.16%) Security Cleared
3 92 (3.75%) SC Cleared
4 77 (3.14%) Computer Science Degree
5 24 (0.98%) ISTQB
5 24 (0.98%) PhD
6 23 (0.94%) ISEB
7 14 (0.57%) Master's Degree
8 13 (0.53%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 9 (0.37%) DV Cleared
10 8 (0.33%) Microsoft Certification
11 7 (0.29%) TOGAF Certification
12 6 (0.24%) Oracle Certification
13 2 (0.082%) HND
13 2 (0.082%) MCPD
13 2 (0.082%) SANS
14 1 (0.041%) AWS Certification
14 1 (0.041%) BPSS Clearance
14 1 (0.041%) DBS Check
14 1 (0.041%) ISEB Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 120 (4.90%) QA
2 24 (0.98%) GDPR
3 10 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 9 (0.37%) ISO 9001
5 6 (0.24%) PSD2
6 3 (0.12%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.082%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.041%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.041%) HL7
8 1 (0.041%) ISO 13485
8 1 (0.041%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 1 (0.041%) MiFID
System Software
1 485 (19.79%) Docker
2 22 (0.90%) VMware Infrastructure
3 21 (0.86%) vSphere
4 18 (0.73%) Active Directory
5 8 (0.33%) NFS
6 7 (0.29%) Postfix
6 7 (0.29%) Varnish
7 5 (0.20%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.12%) zsh
9 2 (0.082%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.041%) Firmware
10 1 (0.041%) HDFS
10 1 (0.041%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 1 (0.041%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 304 (12.40%) Kubernetes
2 91 (3.71%) Terraform
3 62 (2.53%) Ansible
4 19 (0.78%) Puppet
5 14 (0.57%) Opscode Chef
6 10 (0.41%) Kibana
6 10 (0.41%) Single Sign-On
7 9 (0.37%) NetIQ Identity Manager
8 8 (0.33%) logstash
8 8 (0.33%) MIIS
9 4 (0.16%) Grafana
9 4 (0.16%) vRealize
10 3 (0.12%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
10 3 (0.12%) cPanel
10 3 (0.12%) ITRS Geneos
10 3 (0.12%) Plesk
11 2 (0.082%) Docker Swarm
11 2 (0.082%) Prometheus
11 2 (0.082%) Sysdig
12 1 (0.041%) Consul
Vendors
1 285 (11.63%) Microsoft
2 136 (5.55%) Salesforce.com
3 133 (5.43%) Google
4 108 (4.41%) Oracle
5 62 (2.53%) VMware
6 57 (2.33%) SAP
7 36 (1.47%) Xamarin
8 29 (1.18%) Red Hat
8 29 (1.18%) Zend
9 28 (1.14%) IBM
10 27 (1.10%) Atlassian
11 18 (0.73%) Adobe
12 17 (0.69%) MuleSoft
13 16 (0.65%) Splunk
13 16 (0.65%) TIBCO
14 14 (0.57%) Siebel
15 13 (0.53%) Pardot
16 12 (0.49%) ServiceNow
16 12 (0.49%) WSO2
17 10 (0.41%) NetIQ