Period
to 14 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 14 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
14 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 60 70 88
Rank change year-on-year +10 +18 -2
Permanent jobs citing REST 4,100 3,903 5,052
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.53% 4.01% 3.50%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.28% 10.15% 9.08%
Number of salaries quoted 2,818 3,106 3,963
10th Percentile £36,250 £36,250 £33,750
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - -
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,000 £48,500
% change year-on-year +4.17% -1.03% +2.11%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 36,341 38,441 55,652
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.15% 39.47% 38.53%
Number of salaries quoted 27,845 31,872 45,868
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £91,250 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing REST.

Salary trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Salary histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 14 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +11 3,692 £60,000 +9.09% 735
London +6 1,968 £70,000 - 331
UK excluding London 0 1,842 £50,000 +4.17% 443
Work from Home -13 918 £57,500 +4.55% 220
South East +8 591 £52,500 +5.00% 113
North of England -37 341 £50,000 +11.11% 131
Midlands +19 278 £50,000 - 62
South West +8 257 £50,000 +5.26% 60
West Midlands +20 216 £50,000 - 39
East of England +39 195 £57,500 +4.55% 36
North West -29 166 £50,000 - 67
Yorkshire -14 149 £52,500 +16.67% 47
Scotland -34 119 £50,000 +11.11% 21
East Midlands +8 61 £47,500 +11.76% 23
Wales +9 41 £45,000 +14.89% 17
Northern Ireland +15 36 £45,000 -10.00% 3
North East -29 27 £35,000 -22.22% 17

For the 6 months to 14 May 2021, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 2,042 (49.80%) JavaScript
2 1,972 (48.10%) Agile Software Development
3 1,271 (31.00%) SQL
4 1,248 (30.44%) Java
5 1,212 (29.56%) C#
6 1,169 (28.51%) AWS
7 1,130 (27.56%) Microservices
8 1,100 (26.83%) React
9 1,094 (26.68%) .NET
10 1,070 (26.10%) CSS
11 1,046 (25.51%) HTML
12 1,029 (25.10%) Azure
13 1,026 (25.02%) Git (software)
14 997 (24.32%) AngularJS
15 992 (24.20%) Software Engineering
16 966 (23.56%) Docker
17 940 (22.93%) DevOps
18 855 (20.85%) Web Services
19 833 (20.32%) Social Skills
20 801 (19.54%) TDD
21 795 (19.39%) SOAP
21 795 (19.39%) Node.js
22 786 (19.17%) Python
23 728 (17.76%) SQL Server
24 707 (17.24%) Test Automation
25 689 (16.80%) Scrum
26 663 (16.17%) Finance
27 660 (16.10%) TypeScript
28 633 (15.44%) Kubernetes
29 575 (14.02%) MVC

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 150 (3.66%) Confluence
2 117 (2.85%) Tomcat
3 114 (2.78%) CMS
4 94 (2.29%) Elasticsearch
5 90 (2.20%) Apache
6 74 (1.80%) Apache Spark
7 68 (1.66%) IIS
8 60 (1.46%) JBoss
9 51 (1.24%) SharePoint
10 45 (1.10%) OpenStack
11 43 (1.05%) nginx
12 39 (0.95%) Umbraco
13 29 (0.71%) WordPress
14 28 (0.68%) WebSphere
15 26 (0.63%) BizTalk Server
15 26 (0.63%) Red Hat Fuse
16 24 (0.59%) Apache Airflow
16 24 (0.59%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 24 (0.59%) WebLogic
17 22 (0.54%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 43 (1.05%) Figma
2 28 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
3 27 (0.66%) Microsoft Excel
4 23 (0.56%) Sketch
5 17 (0.41%) Adobe XD
6 12 (0.29%) Zeplin
7 11 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 7 (0.17%) Photoshop
9 4 (0.098%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 4 (0.098%) Adobe Illustrator
9 4 (0.098%) Fireworks
9 4 (0.098%) InVision
9 4 (0.098%) Spreadsheet
10 2 (0.049%) AutoCAD
11 1 (0.024%) MadCap Flare
Business Applications
1 28 (0.68%) Dynamics CRM
2 23 (0.56%) Payment Gateway
3 17 (0.41%) Shopify
4 13 (0.32%) Elite 3E
5 12 (0.29%) Magento
6 8 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
7 7 (0.17%) NetSuite
7 7 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
8 6 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 5 (0.12%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 5 (0.12%) SAP Business One
10 4 (0.098%) Dynamics AX
10 4 (0.098%) Oracle EBS
10 4 (0.098%) SAP Hybris
11 3 (0.073%) SAP Oil and Gas
11 3 (0.073%) SAP S/4HANA
12 2 (0.049%) Dynamics NAV
12 2 (0.049%) Maximo
12 2 (0.049%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 2 (0.049%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 1,169 (28.51%) AWS
2 1,029 (25.10%) Azure
3 369 (9.00%) GCP
4 368 (8.98%) Serverless
5 362 (8.83%) SaaS
6 269 (6.56%) GitHub
7 189 (4.61%) AWS Lambda
8 129 (3.15%) Power Platform
9 116 (2.83%) Amazon EC2
10 105 (2.56%) Cloud Computing
11 97 (2.37%) PaaS
12 93 (2.27%) npm
13 91 (2.22%) Amazon S3
14 75 (1.83%) IaaS
15 59 (1.44%) Amazon ECS
15 59 (1.44%) Amazon SQS
16 58 (1.41%) Dynamics 365
17 54 (1.32%) Amazon EKS
17 54 (1.32%) Power Automate
18 53 (1.29%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 314 (7.66%) HTTP
2 53 (1.29%) Internet
3 47 (1.15%) Firewall
4 41 (1.00%) AMQP
5 31 (0.76%) TCP/IP
6 25 (0.61%) Network Security
7 24 (0.59%) SSL
8 22 (0.54%) DNS
8 22 (0.54%) FTP
9 15 (0.37%) Broadband
10 12 (0.29%) RTP
10 12 (0.29%) SMTP
10 12 (0.29%) SSH
11 10 (0.24%) 5G
11 10 (0.24%) MPLS
11 10 (0.24%) VPN
12 8 (0.20%) WAN
13 7 (0.17%) BGP
13 7 (0.17%) RTSP
13 7 (0.17%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 728 (17.76%) SQL Server
2 476 (11.61%) NoSQL
3 462 (11.27%) MongoDB
4 428 (10.44%) MySQL
5 386 (9.41%) PostgreSQL
6 345 (8.41%) Relational Database
7 180 (4.39%) Redis
8 138 (3.37%) Big Data
9 114 (2.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 89 (2.17%) Power BI
11 87 (2.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 82 (2.00%) Hadoop
13 80 (1.95%) Data Warehouse
14 67 (1.63%) Amazon RDS
15 63 (1.54%) RDBMS
16 62 (1.51%) MariaDB
16 62 (1.51%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 49 (1.20%) Apache Hive
18 43 (1.05%) Apache Cassandra
19 34 (0.83%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1,026 (25.02%) Git (software)
2 496 (12.10%) Jenkins
3 331 (8.07%) JIRA
4 229 (5.59%) Selenium
5 198 (4.83%) Maven
6 182 (4.44%) Cucumber
6 182 (4.44%) JUnit
7 150 (3.66%) Cypress.io
7 150 (3.66%) Visual Studio
8 145 (3.54%) webpack
9 120 (2.93%) TeamCity
10 109 (2.66%) GitLab
11 95 (2.32%) Postman
12 88 (2.15%) Mockito
13 85 (2.07%) Gradle
14 76 (1.85%) Team Foundation Server
15 73 (1.78%) CircleCI
16 72 (1.76%) gulp
16 72 (1.76%) Octopus Deploy
17 63 (1.54%) WebDriver
General
1 833 (20.32%) Social Skills
2 663 (16.17%) Finance
3 250 (6.10%) Marketing
4 248 (6.05%) Analytical Skills
5 219 (5.34%) Games
6 180 (4.39%) Banking
7 179 (4.37%) Retail
8 148 (3.61%) Public Sector
9 111 (2.71%) Telecoms
10 80 (1.95%) Law
11 66 (1.61%) Presentation Skills
12 65 (1.59%) Manufacturing
13 63 (1.54%) Legal
14 61 (1.49%) Back Office
15 58 (1.41%) Electronics
16 52 (1.27%) Automotive
17 46 (1.12%) Financial Institution
18 44 (1.07%) Advertising
19 40 (0.98%) Publishing
20 33 (0.80%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 2,559 (62.41%) Developer
2 601 (14.66%) Senior Developer
3 431 (10.51%) Java Developer
4 422 (10.29%) Software Engineer
5 409 (9.98%) Full Stack Developer
6 401 (9.78%) .NET Developer
7 258 (6.29%) Software Developer
8 256 (6.24%) C# Developer
9 214 (5.22%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 209 (5.10%) PHP Developer
11 200 (4.88%) JavaScript Developer
12 180 (4.39%) Architect
13 173 (4.22%) React Developer
14 168 (4.10%) Senior Software Engineer
15 167 (4.07%) Lead Developer
16 163 (3.98%) C# .NET Developer
17 162 (3.95%) Backend Developer
18 142 (3.46%) Java Engineer
19 140 (3.41%) Python Developer
20 109 (2.66%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,100 (26.83%) React
2 1,094 (26.68%) .NET
3 1,070 (26.10%) CSS
4 1,046 (25.51%) HTML
5 997 (24.32%) AngularJS
6 855 (20.85%) Web Services
7 795 (19.39%) Node.js
7 795 (19.39%) SOAP
8 575 (14.02%) Spring
9 507 (12.37%) JSON
10 429 (10.46%) RESTful
11 426 (10.39%) .NET Core
12 417 (10.17%) Vue.js
13 396 (9.66%) XML
14 395 (9.63%) ASP.NET
15 365 (8.90%) jQuery
16 362 (8.83%) .NET Framework
17 351 (8.56%) GraphQL
18 329 (8.02%) HTML5
19 322 (7.85%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 451 (11.00%) User Experience
2 243 (5.93%) Mobile App
3 185 (4.51%) Greenfield Project
3 185 (4.51%) Self-Motivation
4 121 (2.95%) Enterprise Software
5 93 (2.27%) Data Structures
6 83 (2.02%) Management Information System
7 74 (1.80%) Blog
8 73 (1.78%) Client/Server
9 71 (1.73%) Algorithms
10 68 (1.66%) Cloud Native
11 47 (1.15%) Virtual Team
12 45 (1.10%) Hedge funds
13 44 (1.07%) Linux Command Line
14 40 (0.98%) NHS
15 39 (0.95%) iPad
16 38 (0.93%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 37 (0.90%) Data Centre
18 34 (0.83%) Public Cloud
19 32 (0.78%) Web 2.0
Operating Systems
1 501 (12.22%) Linux
2 191 (4.66%) Android
3 188 (4.59%) Windows
4 170 (4.15%) Apple iOS
5 140 (3.41%) Unix
6 49 (1.20%) Ubuntu
7 22 (0.54%) Windows Server
8 11 (0.27%) CentOS
8 11 (0.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 6 (0.15%) tvOS
10 5 (0.12%) Mac OS X
10 5 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
10 5 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
11 4 (0.098%) Debian
12 3 (0.073%) Solaris
13 2 (0.049%) AIX
13 2 (0.049%) Embedded Linux
13 2 (0.049%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.049%) Windows 10
14 1 (0.024%) Data ONTAP
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,972 (48.10%) Agile Software Development
2 1,130 (27.56%) Microservices
3 992 (24.20%) Software Engineering
4 940 (22.93%) DevOps
5 801 (19.54%) TDD
6 707 (17.24%) Test Automation
7 689 (16.80%) Scrum
8 575 (14.02%) MVC
9 511 (12.46%) Problem-Solving
10 487 (11.88%) Fintech
11 477 (11.63%) Continuous Integration
12 413 (10.07%) Front End Development
13 406 (9.90%) Mentoring
14 400 (9.76%) OO
15 396 (9.66%) Computer Science
16 386 (9.41%) BDD
17 348 (8.49%) Unit Testing
18 342 (8.34%) SDLC
19 325 (7.93%) OOP
20 320 (7.80%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 2,042 (49.80%) JavaScript
2 1,271 (31.00%) SQL
3 1,248 (30.44%) Java
4 1,212 (29.56%) C#
5 786 (19.17%) Python
6 660 (16.10%) TypeScript
7 401 (9.78%) PHP
8 211 (5.15%) Java 8
9 201 (4.90%) Go
10 164 (4.00%) T-SQL
11 132 (3.22%) C++
12 114 (2.78%) Kotlin
13 98 (2.39%) Apex Code
14 95 (2.32%) Scala
15 92 (2.24%) ES6
16 84 (2.05%) C
17 82 (2.00%) PowerShell
18 78 (1.90%) Bash Shell
19 55 (1.34%) PL/SQL
20 50 (1.22%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 574 (14.00%) Degree
2 207 (5.05%) Computer Science Degree
3 133 (3.24%) Security Cleared
4 96 (2.34%) SC Cleared
5 42 (1.02%) ISTQB
6 36 (0.88%) PhD
7 35 (0.85%) Master's Degree
8 29 (0.71%) ISEB
9 20 (0.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 19 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
11 16 (0.39%) BPSS Clearance
12 13 (0.32%) DBS Check
13 12 (0.29%) AWS Certification
13 12 (0.29%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 11 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
15 10 (0.24%) DV Cleared
16 7 (0.17%) HNC
16 7 (0.17%) HND
17 4 (0.098%) OCP
17 4 (0.098%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 366 (8.93%) QA
2 30 (0.73%) Data Quality
3 22 (0.54%) GRC
4 18 (0.44%) PCI DSS
5 15 (0.37%) WCAG
6 14 (0.34%) SLA
7 12 (0.29%) GDPR
8 10 (0.24%) HL7
8 10 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 4 (0.098%) NCSC
9 4 (0.098%) NIST
9 4 (0.098%) WAI
10 3 (0.073%) ISO 9001
10 3 (0.073%) PMO
10 3 (0.073%) PSD2
11 2 (0.049%) Government Security Classifications
12 1 (0.024%) Cyber Essentials
12 1 (0.024%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 1 (0.024%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 1 (0.024%) SEPA
System Software
1 966 (23.56%) Docker
2 36 (0.88%) VMware Infrastructure
3 27 (0.66%) Active Directory
4 16 (0.39%) vSphere
5 15 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
6 12 (0.29%) KVM
7 11 (0.27%) Hyper-V
8 8 (0.20%) Postfix
9 4 (0.098%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 4 (0.098%) Ceph
9 4 (0.098%) Firmware
9 4 (0.098%) Oracle RAC
10 3 (0.073%) HDFS
11 1 (0.024%) LXC
11 1 (0.024%) NFS
11 1 (0.024%) SRDF
11 1 (0.024%) Terminal Services
11 1 (0.024%) Virtual Desktop
11 1 (0.024%) VirtualBox
11 1 (0.024%) Xen
Systems Management
1 633 (15.44%) Kubernetes
2 212 (5.17%) Terraform
3 156 (3.80%) Ansible
4 76 (1.85%) Puppet
5 49 (1.20%) Opscode Chef
6 38 (0.93%) Grafana
7 29 (0.71%) Prometheus
8 17 (0.41%) Docker Swarm
8 17 (0.41%) Kibana
9 15 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
10 12 (0.29%) vRealize
10 12 (0.29%) ZABBIX
11 10 (0.24%) HAProxy
12 8 (0.20%) FlexNet
12 8 (0.20%) Packer
12 8 (0.20%) Rundeck
12 8 (0.20%) Salt
12 8 (0.20%) vCenter Server
13 7 (0.17%) Rancher
14 6 (0.15%) Consul
Vendors
1 456 (11.12%) Microsoft
2 281 (6.85%) Google
3 250 (6.10%) Oracle
4 142 (3.46%) Salesforce.com
5 67 (1.63%) IBM
6 64 (1.56%) SAP
7 60 (1.46%) VMware
8 58 (1.41%) Zend
9 46 (1.12%) Adobe
10 45 (1.10%) Atlassian
11 44 (1.07%) Samsung
12 39 (0.95%) Red Hat
13 34 (0.83%) ServiceNow
14 26 (0.63%) Yahoo!
15 22 (0.54%) Apple
16 19 (0.46%) Dell
16 19 (0.46%) Intapp
17 18 (0.44%) MuleSoft
17 18 (0.44%) Xamarin
18 15 (0.37%) Pega