Period
to 16 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 16 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
16 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 85 83 84
Rank change year-on-year -2 +1 +36
Permanent jobs citing REST 4,989 6,184 5,854
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.47% 3.60% 3.40%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.08% 8.88% 8.38%
Number of salaries quoted 3,932 4,924 4,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% -
10th Percentile £34,000 £33,750 £32,500
90th Percentile £86,250 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +3.16% +5.56% -

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 54,921 69,664 69,863
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.25% 40.54% 40.63%
Number of salaries quoted 45,096 58,328 59,163
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,000
% change year-on-year - +7.14% +2.44%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing REST.

Salary trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 16 June 2019.

Salary histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 16 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 4,671 £57,500 +4.55% 276
UK excluding London -8 2,592 £49,000 +3.16% 156
London -2 2,282 £70,000 +7.69% 132
South East -11 974 £52,500 - 41
North of England -22 534 £47,500 +5.56% 51
South West -10 334 £45,000 -3.23% 15
North West -15 314 £51,750 +15.00% 25
Midlands +6 277 £45,000 -5.26% 17
East of England +26 238 £50,000 -9.09% 20
Yorkshire +21 196 £45,000 - 21
Scotland -14 166 £50,000 +11.11% 8
West Midlands -8 140 £50,000 +5.26% 11
East Midlands +29 137 £41,000 -13.68% 6
Northern Ireland +6 37 £41,500 +27.69% 2
Wales -33 32 £40,000 - 2
North East -8 24 £45,000 -1.10% 5

For the 6 months to 16 June 2019, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 2,761 (55.34%) Agile Software Development
2 2,283 (45.76%) JavaScript
3 1,962 (39.33%) Java
4 1,648 (33.03%) C#
5 1,609 (32.25%) .NET
6 1,526 (30.59%) HTML
7 1,481 (29.69%) SQL
8 1,470 (29.46%) CSS
9 1,456 (29.18%) SOAP
10 1,426 (28.58%) Web Services
11 1,230 (24.65%) TDD
12 1,163 (23.31%) Git (software)
13 1,151 (23.07%) MVC
14 1,109 (22.23%) AngularJS
15 1,068 (21.41%) Microservices
16 1,031 (20.67%) SQL Server
17 1,006 (20.16%) Amazon AWS
18 1,001 (20.06%) Test Automation
19 972 (19.48%) Scrum
20 959 (19.22%) JSON
21 930 (18.64%) Microsoft Azure
22 925 (18.54%) Spring
23 890 (17.84%) Continuous Integration
24 878 (17.60%) DevOps
25 864 (17.32%) Finance
26 839 (16.82%) Software Engineering
27 824 (16.52%) ASP.NET
28 783 (15.69%) React
29 774 (15.51%) OO
30 762 (15.27%) Degree

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 200 (4.01%) Confluence
2 163 (3.27%) Elasticsearch
3 142 (2.85%) IIS
4 125 (2.51%) Tomcat
5 119 (2.39%) Apache Spark
6 116 (2.33%) Apache
7 100 (2.00%) CMS
8 84 (1.68%) SharePoint
9 78 (1.56%) JBoss
10 61 (1.22%) WebSphere
11 56 (1.12%) WordPress
12 55 (1.10%) Apache Solr
13 45 (0.90%) Mule
14 43 (0.86%) BizTalk Server
15 40 (0.80%) Cloud Foundry
15 40 (0.80%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 33 (0.66%) WebLogic
17 31 (0.62%) Mule ESB
18 30 (0.60%) OpenStack
19 27 (0.54%) Umbraco
Applications
1 32 (0.64%) Chatbot
2 30 (0.60%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (0.22%) Photoshop
4 9 (0.18%) Microsoft Excel
5 7 (0.14%) Sketch
6 6 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
7 5 (0.10%) Weka
8 4 (0.080%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 2 (0.040%) Adobe Premiere
9 2 (0.040%) GNU Octave
9 2 (0.040%) MS Visio
9 2 (0.040%) Zeplin
10 1 (0.020%) Adobe After Effects
10 1 (0.020%) Fireworks
10 1 (0.020%) InVision
10 1 (0.020%) Marvel
10 1 (0.020%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 77 (1.54%) Magento
2 73 (1.46%) Dynamics CRM
3 28 (0.56%) thinkFolio
4 16 (0.32%) SAP Hybris
5 15 (0.30%) Payment Gateway
6 12 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
6 12 (0.24%) Temenos T24
7 10 (0.20%) SAP Business ByDesign
7 10 (0.20%) SAP S/4HANA
8 9 (0.18%) SAP ERP
9 8 (0.16%) Fredhopper
10 7 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
11 6 (0.12%) Odoo
12 4 (0.080%) BusinessWorks
12 4 (0.080%) Distributed Ledger
13 3 (0.060%) NetSuite
13 3 (0.060%) Salesforce.com CRM
14 2 (0.040%) Oracle Retail
14 2 (0.040%) ReMetrica
14 2 (0.040%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 1,006 (20.16%) Amazon AWS
2 930 (18.64%) Microsoft Azure
3 278 (5.57%) SaaS
4 245 (4.91%) GitHub
5 184 (3.69%) Google Cloud Platform
6 173 (3.47%) Serverless
7 125 (2.51%) PaaS
8 117 (2.35%) Amazon EC2
9 97 (1.94%) Amazon S3
10 71 (1.42%) AWS Lambda
11 69 (1.38%) AWS CloudFormation
12 68 (1.36%) OpenShift
13 66 (1.32%) npm
14 65 (1.30%) IaaS
15 48 (0.96%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 48 (0.96%) Slack
16 47 (0.94%) Cloud Computing
16 47 (0.94%) Power Platform
17 46 (0.92%) Azure Functions
18 39 (0.78%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 287 (5.75%) HTTP
2 106 (2.12%) Internet
3 61 (1.22%) HTTPS
4 59 (1.18%) TCP/IP
5 52 (1.04%) SSL
6 51 (1.02%) Firewall
7 32 (0.64%) DNS
8 28 (0.56%) VPN
9 23 (0.46%) Broadband
10 19 (0.38%) Bluetooth
11 18 (0.36%) Reverse Proxy
11 18 (0.36%) SSH
12 15 (0.30%) AMQP
13 13 (0.26%) SMTP
14 12 (0.24%) FTP
15 11 (0.22%) Intranet
15 11 (0.22%) Wi-Fi
16 9 (0.18%) IPv6
16 9 (0.18%) Wireless
17 8 (0.16%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,031 (20.67%) SQL Server
2 577 (11.57%) MySQL
3 533 (10.68%) NoSQL
4 362 (7.26%) MongoDB
5 341 (6.84%) Relational Database
6 294 (5.89%) PostgreSQL
7 226 (4.53%) Big Data
8 128 (2.57%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 125 (2.51%) Redis
10 117 (2.35%) Hadoop
11 101 (2.02%) Apache Cassandra
12 98 (1.96%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 95 (1.90%) Amazon RDS
14 91 (1.82%) RDBMS
15 75 (1.50%) Azure SQL Database
16 74 (1.48%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 68 (1.36%) SQL Server 2012
18 61 (1.22%) CouchDB
19 53 (1.06%) Data Warehouse
20 40 (0.80%) HBase
Development Applications
1 1,163 (23.31%) Git (software)
2 634 (12.71%) Jenkins
3 513 (10.28%) JIRA
4 383 (7.68%) Selenium
5 356 (7.14%) Maven
6 311 (6.23%) JUnit
7 279 (5.59%) Cucumber
8 236 (4.73%) TeamCity
9 224 (4.49%) Visual Studio
10 183 (3.67%) Team Foundation Server
11 176 (3.53%) Subversion
12 156 (3.13%) NUnit
13 126 (2.53%) Gradle
14 123 (2.47%) SoapUI
15 118 (2.37%) SpecFlow
16 115 (2.31%) Mockito
17 109 (2.18%) Bitbucket
18 105 (2.10%) Ant
18 105 (2.10%) webpack
19 102 (2.04%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 864 (17.32%) Finance
2 284 (5.69%) Retail
3 255 (5.11%) Banking
4 226 (4.53%) Games
5 192 (3.85%) Marketing
6 151 (3.03%) Telecoms
7 86 (1.72%) Manufacturing
8 68 (1.36%) Law
9 54 (1.08%) Advertising
10 52 (1.04%) Electronics
11 49 (0.98%) Legal
12 41 (0.82%) Financial Institution
13 31 (0.62%) Billing
14 28 (0.56%) Publishing
15 25 (0.50%) Front Office
16 19 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
17 18 (0.36%) Back Office
18 17 (0.34%) Automotive
19 16 (0.32%) Investment Banking
20 14 (0.28%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 3,361 (67.37%) Developer
2 897 (17.98%) Java Developer
3 723 (14.49%) Senior Developer
4 692 (13.87%) .NET Developer
5 489 (9.80%) C# Developer
6 418 (8.38%) Software Developer
7 349 (7.00%) Software Engineer
8 346 (6.94%) Full Stack Developer
9 325 (6.51%) C# .NET Developer
10 275 (5.51%) Architect
11 199 (3.99%) PHP Developer
12 196 (3.93%) JavaScript Developer
13 180 (3.61%) Lead Developer
14 165 (3.31%) Senior .NET Developer
15 161 (3.23%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 159 (3.19%) Senior Java Developer
17 157 (3.15%) Python Developer
18 154 (3.09%) Java Engineer
19 139 (2.79%) Analyst
20 137 (2.75%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,609 (32.25%) .NET
2 1,526 (30.59%) HTML
3 1,470 (29.46%) CSS
4 1,456 (29.18%) SOAP
5 1,426 (28.58%) Web Services
6 1,109 (22.23%) AngularJS
7 959 (19.22%) JSON
8 925 (18.54%) Spring
9 824 (16.52%) ASP.NET
10 783 (15.69%) React
11 740 (14.83%) XML
12 671 (13.45%) Node.js
13 569 (11.41%) jQuery
14 566 (11.34%) HTML5
15 520 (10.42%) ASP.NET Web API
16 426 (8.54%) .NET Framework
17 386 (7.74%) RESTful
18 351 (7.04%) WCF
19 349 (7.00%) Ajax
20 345 (6.92%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 376 (7.54%) User Experience
2 296 (5.93%) Mobile App
3 250 (5.01%) Greenfield Project
4 228 (4.57%) Analytical Skills
5 225 (4.51%) Enterprise Software
6 167 (3.35%) Algorithms
7 164 (3.29%) Self-Motivation
8 108 (2.16%) Data Structures
9 79 (1.58%) Cloud Native
9 79 (1.58%) Virtual Team
10 77 (1.54%) Management Information System
11 61 (1.22%) Linux Command Line
11 61 (1.22%) Public Cloud
12 56 (1.12%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 53 (1.06%) Fixed Income
14 43 (0.86%) Equities
15 37 (0.74%) Social Media
16 36 (0.72%) iPad
17 35 (0.70%) Blog
17 35 (0.70%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 561 (11.24%) Linux
2 353 (7.08%) Windows
3 232 (4.65%) Android
4 228 (4.57%) Apple iOS
5 118 (2.37%) Unix
6 41 (0.82%) Windows Server
7 25 (0.50%) Mac OS X
8 23 (0.46%) CentOS
9 20 (0.40%) Ubuntu
10 8 (0.16%) Mac OS
11 7 (0.14%) Fedora
11 7 (0.14%) Solaris
12 6 (0.12%) AIX
12 6 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 6 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
13 4 (0.080%) Windows 10
13 4 (0.080%) Windows Server 2008
13 4 (0.080%) zOS
14 2 (0.040%) VMS
15 1 (0.020%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,761 (55.34%) Agile Software Development
2 1,230 (24.65%) TDD
3 1,151 (23.07%) MVC
4 1,068 (21.41%) Microservices
5 1,001 (20.06%) Test Automation
6 972 (19.48%) Scrum
7 890 (17.84%) Continuous Integration
8 878 (17.60%) DevOps
9 839 (16.82%) Software Engineering
10 774 (15.51%) OO
11 605 (12.13%) BDD
12 551 (11.04%) Computer Science
13 546 (10.94%) Problem-Solving
14 519 (10.40%) Web Development
15 450 (9.02%) Unit Testing
16 418 (8.38%) Mentoring
17 399 (8.00%) SDLC
18 382 (7.66%) OOP
19 379 (7.60%) Kanban
20 364 (7.30%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 2,283 (45.76%) JavaScript
2 1,962 (39.33%) Java
3 1,648 (33.03%) C#
4 1,481 (29.69%) SQL
5 733 (14.69%) Python
6 444 (8.90%) PHP
7 378 (7.58%) Java 8
8 226 (4.53%) TypeScript
9 217 (4.35%) T-SQL
10 201 (4.03%) Scala
11 184 (3.69%) Ruby
12 181 (3.63%) PowerShell
13 180 (3.61%) C++
14 174 (3.49%) ES6
15 142 (2.85%) C
16 112 (2.24%) Kotlin
17 111 (2.22%) Go
18 107 (2.14%) VB.NET
19 92 (1.84%) Groovy
20 78 (1.56%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 762 (15.27%) Degree
2 249 (4.99%) Computer Science Degree
3 117 (2.35%) Security Cleared
4 65 (1.30%) ISTQB
5 58 (1.16%) SC Cleared
6 51 (1.02%) ISEB
7 45 (0.90%) Microsoft Certification
7 45 (0.90%) Numerate Degree
8 28 (0.56%) Cisco Certification
8 28 (0.56%) CISSP
9 27 (0.54%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 26 (0.52%) ITIL Certification
11 25 (0.50%) CCNA
11 25 (0.50%) CompTIA Security+
11 25 (0.50%) MCSE
12 24 (0.48%) GIAC
12 24 (0.48%) Linux+ Certification
12 24 (0.48%) Network+ Certification
12 24 (0.48%) SANS
12 24 (0.48%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 447 (8.96%) QA
2 51 (1.02%) GDPR
3 35 (0.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 24 (0.48%) SLA
5 11 (0.22%) NCSC
6 8 (0.16%) GAMP
7 7 (0.14%) ISO 9001
7 7 (0.14%) PCI DSS
7 7 (0.14%) PMO
8 5 (0.10%) ISO 8583
9 4 (0.080%) Data Quality
9 4 (0.080%) MiFID
10 3 (0.060%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 3 (0.060%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 3 (0.060%) PSD2
11 2 (0.040%) WCAG
12 1 (0.020%) BS7666
12 1 (0.020%) HIPAA
12 1 (0.020%) HL7
12 1 (0.020%) TickIT
System Software
1 744 (14.91%) Docker
2 98 (1.96%) Active Directory
3 42 (0.84%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
4 16 (0.32%) vSphere
5 14 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 13 (0.26%) Hyper-V
7 12 (0.24%) HDFS
8 9 (0.18%) Varnish
9 7 (0.14%) Firmware
10 6 (0.12%) oVirt
10 6 (0.12%) RHEV
11 3 (0.060%) VMware ESXi
12 2 (0.040%) Apache Flume
12 2 (0.040%) Cronacle
12 2 (0.040%) Oracle RAC
12 2 (0.040%) Squid
13 1 (0.020%) VMware NSX
13 1 (0.020%) Xen
Systems Management
1 495 (9.92%) Kubernetes
2 162 (3.25%) Ansible
3 100 (2.00%) Puppet
4 98 (1.96%) Opscode Chef
5 80 (1.60%) Terraform
6 39 (0.78%) Grafana
7 37 (0.74%) Prometheus
8 35 (0.70%) Single Sign-On
9 28 (0.56%) Rancher
10 23 (0.46%) Mesos
11 21 (0.42%) Kibana
12 13 (0.26%) HP Quality Center
13 9 (0.18%) Tivoli
14 8 (0.16%) vCenter Server
15 7 (0.14%) Salt
15 7 (0.14%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
16 6 (0.12%) CloudHub
16 6 (0.12%) Marathon
16 6 (0.12%) SQL Sentry
17 5 (0.10%) CA Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 582 (11.67%) Microsoft
2 357 (7.16%) Oracle
3 221 (4.43%) Google
4 132 (2.65%) Salesforce.com
5 110 (2.20%) SAP
6 73 (1.46%) IBM
7 69 (1.38%) Xamarin
8 64 (1.28%) MuleSoft
9 63 (1.26%) Zend
10 56 (1.12%) Atlassian
11 54 (1.08%) ServiceNow
12 46 (0.92%) Splunk
13 42 (0.84%) VMware
14 38 (0.76%) Apple
15 35 (0.70%) AppDynamics
16 33 (0.66%) Tableau
17 32 (0.64%) Sitecore
18 29 (0.58%) Adobe
18 29 (0.58%) Red Hat
19 28 (0.56%) Charles River