Period
to 22 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 22 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 56 78 82
Rank change year-on-year +22 +4 +2
Permanent jobs citing REST 2,268 5,015 6,148
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.55% 3.60% 3.69%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.41% 9.65% 9.22%
Number of salaries quoted 2,128 4,186 5,071
Median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £34,000
90th Percentile £88,750 £86,250 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% -5.00% +11.11%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 21,783 51,951 66,648
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.74% 37.34% 40.02%
Number of salaries quoted 18,344 42,547 55,228
Median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing REST.

Salary trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 22 September 2020.

Salary histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +21 2,127 £60,000 +4.35% 542
UK excluding London +23 1,152 £50,000 +5.26% 346
London +12 1,036 £70,000 - 227
Work from Home +64 372 £62,500 +13.64% 114
South East +20 364 £55,000 +7.84% 69
North of England +39 311 £51,000 +12.09% 104
Midlands +105 185 £50,000 +4.17% 70
North West +18 171 £55,000 +16.71% 66
South West +18 137 £47,750 +6.11% 45
West Midlands +117 133 £52,500 +5.00% 35
Yorkshire +78 116 £47,500 +3.83% 25
East of England +36 69 £50,000 -4.76% 24
East Midlands +43 50 £40,750 -0.61% 35
Scotland +3 50 £55,000 +22.22% 19
Wales +15 25 £40,000 -5.88% 9
North East +15 24 £50,000 +17.65% 13
Northern Ireland -7 16 £60,000 +41.18% 5

For the 6 months to 22 September 2020, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 1,141 (50.31%) Agile Software Development
2 1,134 (50.00%) JavaScript
3 708 (31.22%) .NET
4 688 (30.34%) HTML
5 682 (30.07%) Java
6 674 (29.72%) SQL
7 669 (29.50%) CSS
8 667 (29.41%) C#
9 601 (26.50%) AngularJS
10 596 (26.28%) Microservices
11 590 (26.01%) AWS
12 576 (25.40%) Web Services
13 534 (23.54%) React
14 524 (23.10%) Azure
15 510 (22.49%) TDD
16 506 (22.31%) SOAP
17 495 (21.83%) Git (software)
18 487 (21.47%) Docker
19 469 (20.68%) Software Engineering
20 455 (20.06%) DevOps
21 444 (19.58%) SQL Server
22 408 (17.99%) Scrum
23 398 (17.55%) MVC
24 393 (17.33%) Node.js
25 379 (16.71%) Finance
26 378 (16.67%) JSON
27 365 (16.09%) Python
28 347 (15.30%) Spring
29 335 (14.77%) .NET Core
30 316 (13.93%) Test Automation

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 79 (3.48%) CMS
2 74 (3.26%) Elasticsearch
3 72 (3.17%) Tomcat
4 71 (3.13%) Confluence
5 43 (1.90%) IIS
6 39 (1.72%) Apache
7 27 (1.19%) SharePoint
8 26 (1.15%) Apache Spark
9 22 (0.97%) WebSphere
10 21 (0.93%) EPiServer
11 20 (0.88%) JBoss
12 19 (0.84%) WordPress
13 17 (0.75%) GlassFish
14 16 (0.71%) Umbraco
15 15 (0.66%) Moodle
16 14 (0.62%) Headless CMS
17 11 (0.49%) Drupal
18 7 (0.31%) nginx
18 7 (0.31%) SharePoint 2010
18 7 (0.31%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 32 (1.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (0.35%) Figma
2 8 (0.35%) Zeplin
3 6 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.26%) Photoshop
3 6 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
4 4 (0.18%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.088%) Chatbot
5 2 (0.088%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.044%) Adobe Illustrator
Business Applications
1 36 (1.59%) Dynamics CRM
2 32 (1.41%) Magento
3 13 (0.57%) SAP S/4HANA
4 11 (0.49%) Shopify
5 9 (0.40%) Siebel CRM
6 8 (0.35%) Distributed Ledger
6 8 (0.35%) Maximo
7 7 (0.31%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 6 (0.26%) Oracle BPM
9 5 (0.22%) Adobe Campaign
10 4 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
10 4 (0.18%) Eikon
10 4 (0.18%) Elite 3E
11 3 (0.13%) NetSuite
11 3 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
11 3 (0.13%) R3 Corda
11 3 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
11 3 (0.13%) Social Studio
12 2 (0.088%) JDE EnterpriseOne
12 2 (0.088%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 590 (26.01%) AWS
2 524 (23.10%) Azure
3 181 (7.98%) SaaS
4 126 (5.56%) Serverless
5 119 (5.25%) GCP
6 86 (3.79%) GitHub
7 73 (3.22%) Cloud Computing
8 71 (3.13%) AWS Lambda
9 67 (2.95%) Amazon EC2
10 64 (2.82%) npm
11 44 (1.94%) Power Platform
12 38 (1.68%) PaaS
13 31 (1.37%) Dynamics 365
13 31 (1.37%) OpenShift
14 28 (1.23%) IaaS
15 26 (1.15%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
16 25 (1.10%) Amazon ECS
17 24 (1.06%) Amazon EKS
17 24 (1.06%) NuGet
18 20 (0.88%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 150 (6.61%) HTTP
2 21 (0.93%) TCP/IP
3 17 (0.75%) Skype
4 16 (0.71%) Internet
5 14 (0.62%) FTP
6 13 (0.57%) VoIP
7 11 (0.49%) AMQP
7 11 (0.49%) SSL
8 10 (0.44%) Firewall
8 10 (0.44%) Unified Communications
8 10 (0.44%) WAN
9 7 (0.31%) Cisco ISE
9 7 (0.31%) IPsec
9 7 (0.31%) MPLS
9 7 (0.31%) Network Security
9 7 (0.31%) RTP
9 7 (0.31%) VPN
9 7 (0.31%) WebEx
9 7 (0.31%) WLAN
10 6 (0.26%) DNS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 444 (19.58%) SQL Server
2 259 (11.42%) NoSQL
3 227 (10.01%) MySQL
4 223 (9.83%) MongoDB
5 172 (7.58%) PostgreSQL
6 103 (4.54%) Relational Database
7 81 (3.57%) Redis
8 60 (2.65%) Big Data
9 56 (2.47%) Data Warehouse
10 51 (2.25%) Amazon RDS
11 49 (2.16%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 46 (2.03%) SQL Server 2012
13 45 (1.98%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 44 (1.94%) Power BI
15 34 (1.50%) Hadoop
16 29 (1.28%) Apache Cassandra
16 29 (1.28%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 27 (1.19%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 19 (0.84%) MariaDB
19 18 (0.79%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 495 (21.83%) Git (software)
2 214 (9.44%) Jenkins
3 180 (7.94%) JIRA
4 151 (6.66%) JUnit
5 109 (4.81%) webpack
6 87 (3.84%) Maven
7 86 (3.79%) Mockito
8 81 (3.57%) Selenium
9 76 (3.35%) Visual Studio
10 72 (3.17%) Team Foundation Server
11 65 (2.87%) NUnit
12 59 (2.60%) TeamCity
13 54 (2.38%) Subversion
14 51 (2.25%) Bitbucket
15 43 (1.90%) MSTest
16 42 (1.85%) Moq
17 39 (1.72%) SonarQube
18 38 (1.68%) Eclipse
19 33 (1.46%) gulp
19 33 (1.46%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 379 (16.71%) Finance
2 120 (5.29%) Marketing
3 79 (3.48%) Banking
4 64 (2.82%) Retail
5 38 (1.68%) Public Sector
6 35 (1.54%) Telecoms
7 28 (1.23%) Law
8 26 (1.15%) Advertising
9 25 (1.10%) Games
10 24 (1.06%) Legal
11 22 (0.97%) Manufacturing
12 20 (0.88%) Front Office
13 17 (0.75%) Investment Banking
14 14 (0.62%) Electronics
15 12 (0.53%) Back Office
16 9 (0.40%) Local Government
17 7 (0.31%) Automotive
18 5 (0.22%) Financial Institution
18 5 (0.22%) Music Industry
18 5 (0.22%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,515 (66.80%) Developer
2 335 (14.77%) Java Developer
3 325 (14.33%) Senior Developer
4 262 (11.55%) .NET Developer
5 217 (9.57%) C# Developer
6 182 (8.02%) Software Engineer
7 172 (7.58%) Full Stack Developer
8 156 (6.88%) C# .NET Developer
9 143 (6.31%) Software Developer
10 123 (5.42%) Architect
11 116 (5.11%) PHP Developer
12 108 (4.76%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 107 (4.72%) React Developer
14 98 (4.32%) JavaScript Developer
15 95 (4.19%) Senior Java Developer
16 91 (4.01%) Lead Developer
17 78 (3.44%) Senior Software Engineer
18 76 (3.35%) Python Developer
19 67 (2.95%) Salesforce Developer
20 59 (2.60%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 708 (31.22%) .NET
2 688 (30.34%) HTML
3 669 (29.50%) CSS
4 601 (26.50%) AngularJS
5 576 (25.40%) Web Services
6 534 (23.54%) React
7 506 (22.31%) SOAP
8 393 (17.33%) Node.js
9 378 (16.67%) JSON
10 347 (15.30%) Spring
11 335 (14.77%) .NET Core
12 289 (12.74%) ASP.NET
13 267 (11.77%) ASP.NET Web API
14 265 (11.68%) XML
15 248 (10.93%) HTML5
16 243 (10.71%) .NET Framework
17 226 (9.96%) jQuery
18 177 (7.80%) Redux
19 175 (7.72%) RESTful
20 171 (7.54%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 173 (7.63%) User Experience
2 159 (7.01%) Greenfield Project
3 139 (6.13%) Analytical Skills
4 137 (6.04%) Mobile App
5 85 (3.75%) Algorithms
6 62 (2.73%) Data Structures
7 59 (2.60%) Self-Motivation
8 50 (2.20%) Management Information System
9 46 (2.03%) Enterprise Software
10 43 (1.90%) Cloud Native
11 40 (1.76%) Blog
12 25 (1.10%) Market Risk
13 24 (1.06%) Social Media
14 22 (0.97%) Linux Command Line
15 19 (0.84%) Marketing Technology
16 15 (0.66%) e-Learning
16 15 (0.66%) Hedge funds
16 15 (0.66%) PKI
16 15 (0.66%) SCORM
17 14 (0.62%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 188 (8.29%) Linux
2 166 (7.32%) Windows
3 90 (3.97%) Android
4 67 (2.95%) Apple iOS
5 37 (1.63%) Unix
6 17 (0.75%) Windows Server
7 15 (0.66%) VMS
8 13 (0.57%) CentOS
9 10 (0.44%) Ubuntu
10 8 (0.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 6 (0.26%) Amazon Linux
12 5 (0.22%) Fedora
13 4 (0.18%) Mac OS X
14 2 (0.088%) Debian
15 1 (0.044%) Data ONTAP
15 1 (0.044%) MVS
15 1 (0.044%) Solaris
15 1 (0.044%) Windows 10
15 1 (0.044%) Windows Embedded Compact
15 1 (0.044%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,141 (50.31%) Agile Software Development
2 596 (26.28%) Microservices
3 510 (22.49%) TDD
4 469 (20.68%) Software Engineering
5 455 (20.06%) DevOps
6 408 (17.99%) Scrum
7 398 (17.55%) MVC
8 316 (13.93%) Test Automation
9 297 (13.10%) Unit Testing
10 290 (12.79%) Continuous Integration
11 262 (11.55%) BDD
12 246 (10.85%) OO
13 216 (9.52%) Web Development
14 207 (9.13%) Problem-Solving
15 203 (8.95%) Fintech
16 179 (7.89%) Front End Development
17 157 (6.92%) OOP
17 157 (6.92%) Open Source
18 154 (6.79%) E-Commerce
19 150 (6.61%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,134 (50.00%) JavaScript
2 682 (30.07%) Java
3 674 (29.72%) SQL
4 667 (29.41%) C#
5 365 (16.09%) Python
6 254 (11.20%) PHP
7 210 (9.26%) TypeScript
8 142 (6.26%) Java 8
9 106 (4.67%) C++
10 89 (3.92%) Go
11 86 (3.79%) PowerShell
12 77 (3.40%) T-SQL
13 72 (3.17%) Apex Code
14 64 (2.82%) ES6
15 41 (1.81%) SOQL
16 40 (1.76%) C
17 39 (1.72%) Kotlin
18 37 (1.63%) Scala
19 28 (1.23%) Apple Swift
20 27 (1.19%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 253 (11.16%) Degree
2 115 (5.07%) Security Cleared
3 102 (4.50%) SC Cleared
4 89 (3.92%) Computer Science Degree
5 15 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
6 14 (0.62%) ISEB
6 14 (0.62%) ISTQB
6 14 (0.62%) PhD
7 11 (0.49%) TOGAF Certification
8 8 (0.35%) Master's Degree
9 7 (0.31%) DV Cleared
9 7 (0.31%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 6 (0.26%) CCNP
10 6 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
10 6 (0.26%) MCPD
11 4 (0.18%) Oracle Certification
12 3 (0.13%) AWS Certification
13 2 (0.088%) CEH
13 2 (0.088%) GWAPT
13 2 (0.088%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 93 (4.10%) QA
2 18 (0.79%) GDPR
3 9 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 8 (0.35%) ISO 9001
5 5 (0.22%) PCI DSS
5 5 (0.22%) PSD2
6 3 (0.13%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.13%) MiFID
7 1 (0.044%) Basel III
7 1 (0.044%) Government Security Classifications
7 1 (0.044%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 1 (0.044%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 1 (0.044%) NCSC
System Software
1 487 (21.47%) Docker
2 31 (1.37%) vSphere
3 26 (1.15%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (0.84%) Active Directory
5 13 (0.57%) NFS
6 9 (0.40%) Postfix
7 6 (0.26%) Varnish
8 3 (0.13%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.13%) Microsoft Virtual Server
8 3 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
8 3 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
8 3 (0.13%) zsh
9 1 (0.044%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 302 (13.32%) Kubernetes
2 90 (3.97%) Terraform
3 57 (2.51%) Ansible
4 22 (0.97%) Opscode Chef
5 21 (0.93%) Puppet
6 17 (0.75%) Kibana
7 14 (0.62%) logstash
8 12 (0.53%) NetIQ Identity Manager
9 11 (0.49%) Grafana
10 8 (0.35%) vRealize
11 7 (0.31%) Prometheus
12 4 (0.18%) MIIS
12 4 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.13%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
13 3 (0.13%) cPanel
13 3 (0.13%) Plesk
13 3 (0.13%) ZABBIX
14 2 (0.088%) Nagios
14 2 (0.088%) Rancher
15 1 (0.044%) Control-M
Vendors
1 292 (12.87%) Microsoft
2 92 (4.06%) Oracle
3 87 (3.84%) Salesforce.com
4 81 (3.57%) Google
5 52 (2.29%) VMware
6 38 (1.68%) Zend
7 31 (1.37%) SAP
8 30 (1.32%) IBM
9 22 (0.97%) Xamarin
10 21 (0.93%) Atlassian
10 21 (0.93%) Pardot
10 21 (0.93%) Red Hat
11 18 (0.79%) TIBCO
12 17 (0.75%) Apple
13 15 (0.66%) NetIQ
14 14 (0.62%) ServiceNow
14 14 (0.62%) Splunk
15 10 (0.44%) MuleSoft
15 10 (0.44%) Tealium
16 9 (0.40%) hybris