Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 52 59 78
Rank change year-on-year +7 +19 +7
Permanent jobs citing REST 6,789 2,247 5,119
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 5.34% 4.53% 3.74%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.29% 10.29% 9.89%
Number of salaries quoted 3,592 1,807 4,098
10th Percentile £38,275 £37,000 £35,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% -
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -5.00%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 51,083 21,841 51,735
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.18% 44.00% 37.76%
Number of salaries quoted 32,464 18,771 43,025
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +5.31%
75th Percentile £79,563 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £93,750 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing REST.

Salary trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Salary histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 5,958 £62,500 +4.17% 911
London +15 3,590 £70,000 - 447
UK excluding London -15 2,535 £52,500 +5.00% 510
Work from Home -8 1,587 £62,500 +4.17% 225
South East -8 808 £52,500 -4.55% 113
North of England -28 535 £50,000 -4.76% 173
Midlands -13 460 £50,000 - 88
West Midlands -2 326 £50,000 -9.09% 50
South West +6 323 £55,000 +15.79% 40
North West -37 262 £50,000 -9.09% 96
Yorkshire -20 229 £50,000 +5.26% 60
Scotland -11 139 £60,000 +20.00% 35
East of England -44 136 £65,000 +23.81% 44
East Midlands -18 133 £50,000 +19.05% 38
Wales +15 114 £50,000 +11.11% 13
North East -10 46 £45,345 -9.31% 17
Northern Ireland -34 26 £40,000 -15.79% 6

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 3,491 (51.42%) Agile Software Development
2 3,065 (45.15%) JavaScript
3 2,365 (34.84%) Java
4 2,087 (30.74%) Microservices
5 2,054 (30.25%) React
6 1,975 (29.09%) AWS
7 1,880 (27.69%) SQL
8 1,759 (25.91%) Docker
9 1,745 (25.70%) Git (software)
10 1,674 (24.66%) HTML
11 1,627 (23.97%) Software Engineering
12 1,614 (23.77%) C#
13 1,582 (23.30%) CSS
14 1,507 (22.20%) Social Skills
15 1,497 (22.05%) Python
16 1,487 (21.90%) AngularJS
17 1,473 (21.70%) Azure
18 1,458 (21.48%) TDD
19 1,453 (21.40%) .NET
20 1,438 (21.18%) Web Services
21 1,333 (19.63%) Node.js
22 1,303 (19.19%) Finance
23 1,270 (18.71%) DevOps
24 1,259 (18.54%) TypeScript
25 1,222 (18.00%) Test Automation
26 1,217 (17.93%) Scrum
27 1,206 (17.76%) SOAP
28 1,202 (17.71%) Full Stack Development
29 1,167 (17.19%) Kubernetes
30 1,165 (17.16%) Problem-Solving

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 272 (4.01%) CMS
2 264 (3.89%) Elasticsearch
3 254 (3.74%) Confluence
4 166 (2.45%) Apache
5 146 (2.15%) Tomcat
6 111 (1.63%) Apache Spark
7 93 (1.37%) nginx
8 83 (1.22%) Umbraco
9 81 (1.19%) IIS
10 80 (1.18%) WordPress
11 74 (1.09%) SharePoint
12 63 (0.93%) Apache Airflow
13 50 (0.74%) Cloud Foundry
14 41 (0.60%) JBoss
15 33 (0.49%) Mule
16 32 (0.47%) Anypoint
17 30 (0.44%) Headless CMS
18 28 (0.41%) Mule ESB
19 27 (0.40%) WebSphere
20 26 (0.38%) OpenStack
Applications
1 45 (0.66%) Figma
2 36 (0.53%) Microsoft Office
3 20 (0.29%) Microsoft Excel
3 20 (0.29%) MS Visio
4 19 (0.28%) Adobe XD
5 15 (0.22%) Photoshop
6 13 (0.19%) Sketch
6 13 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
7 11 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
8 9 (0.13%) Chatbot
9 7 (0.10%) Zeplin
10 6 (0.088%) InVision
11 5 (0.074%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 5 (0.074%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 1 (0.015%) Doxygen
12 1 (0.015%) MadCap Flare
12 1 (0.015%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 57 (0.84%) Dynamics CRM
2 52 (0.77%) Payment Gateway
3 27 (0.40%) SAP Business One
4 26 (0.38%) Distributed Ledger
5 23 (0.34%) Shopify
6 15 (0.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 13 (0.19%) Magento
8 12 (0.18%) NetSuite
9 11 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
10 10 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
11 9 (0.13%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
12 6 (0.088%) Oracle BPM
12 6 (0.088%) SAP S/4HANA
13 5 (0.074%) Elite 3E
13 5 (0.074%) R3 Corda
14 4 (0.059%) Maximo
15 3 (0.044%) Dynamics NAV
15 3 (0.044%) Remedy ITSM
15 3 (0.044%) SAP Hybris
15 3 (0.044%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 1,975 (29.09%) AWS
2 1,473 (21.70%) Azure
3 830 (12.23%) Serverless
4 693 (10.21%) GitHub
5 577 (8.50%) GCP
6 527 (7.76%) SaaS
7 305 (4.49%) AWS Lambda
8 274 (4.04%) Amazon S3
9 272 (4.01%) Amazon EC2
10 235 (3.46%) npm
11 162 (2.39%) Power Platform
12 151 (2.22%) Cloud Computing
13 135 (1.99%) Amazon Kinesis
14 133 (1.96%) iPaaS
15 128 (1.89%) Amazon SQS
16 126 (1.86%) AWS CloudFormation
17 112 (1.65%) OpenShift
18 106 (1.56%) Amazon Cognito
18 106 (1.56%) Slack
19 102 (1.50%) GitHub Actions
Communications & Networking
1 605 (8.91%) HTTP
2 116 (1.71%) Internet
3 103 (1.52%) Broadband
4 76 (1.12%) TCP/IP
5 68 (1.00%) SSL
6 42 (0.62%) DNS
7 40 (0.59%) Bluetooth
8 37 (0.54%) Firewall
9 36 (0.53%) DVB
10 26 (0.38%) MQTT
10 26 (0.38%) SMTP
11 25 (0.37%) SMS
12 22 (0.32%) Network Security
13 21 (0.31%) AMQP
14 16 (0.24%) VPN
14 16 (0.24%) WebEx
15 14 (0.21%) 5G
16 13 (0.19%) SSH
17 10 (0.15%) FTP
17 10 (0.15%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 876 (12.90%) SQL Server
2 826 (12.17%) MySQL
3 803 (11.83%) PostgreSQL
4 802 (11.81%) NoSQL
5 629 (9.26%) MongoDB
6 589 (8.68%) Relational Database
7 369 (5.44%) Big Data
8 347 (5.11%) Redis
9 302 (4.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 195 (2.87%) Amazon RDS
11 157 (2.31%) Hadoop
12 143 (2.11%) MariaDB
13 130 (1.91%) Power BI
14 113 (1.66%) RDBMS
15 105 (1.55%) Data Warehouse
16 93 (1.37%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 90 (1.33%) Oracle Database
18 89 (1.31%) Apache Cassandra
19 81 (1.19%) HBase
20 79 (1.16%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 1,745 (25.70%) Git (software)
2 1,083 (15.95%) Jenkins
3 585 (8.62%) JIRA
4 518 (7.63%) Selenium
5 338 (4.98%) Maven
6 303 (4.46%) Cucumber
7 302 (4.45%) Postman
8 300 (4.42%) GitLab
8 300 (4.42%) webpack
9 285 (4.20%) JUnit
10 284 (4.18%) Cypress.io
11 249 (3.67%) TeamCity
12 198 (2.92%) Bitbucket
13 175 (2.58%) Visual Studio
14 146 (2.15%) Octopus Deploy
15 137 (2.02%) Mockito
16 133 (1.96%) JMeter
17 130 (1.91%) SpecFlow
18 122 (1.80%) WebDriver
19 117 (1.72%) Mocha
General
1 1,507 (22.20%) Social Skills
2 1,303 (19.19%) Finance
3 485 (7.14%) Analytical Skills
4 394 (5.80%) Banking
5 348 (5.13%) Games
6 326 (4.80%) Retail
7 316 (4.65%) Marketing
8 211 (3.11%) Law
9 173 (2.55%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 161 (2.37%) Legal
11 125 (1.84%) Telecoms
12 119 (1.75%) Public Sector
13 114 (1.68%) Presentation Skills
14 90 (1.33%) Back Office
15 85 (1.25%) Financial Institution
16 70 (1.03%) Advertising
17 67 (0.99%) Organisational Skills
18 61 (0.90%) Manufacturing
19 49 (0.72%) Documentation Skills
19 49 (0.72%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 3,857 (56.81%) Developer
2 955 (14.07%) Senior Developer
3 779 (11.47%) Java Developer
4 776 (11.43%) Software Engineer
5 483 (7.11%) Full Stack Developer
6 468 (6.89%) .NET Developer
7 407 (5.99%) Software Developer
8 399 (5.88%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 315 (4.64%) Senior Software Engineer
10 314 (4.63%) Architect
11 246 (3.62%) Backend Developer
12 238 (3.51%) Java Engineer
12 238 (3.51%) JavaScript Developer
13 237 (3.49%) PHP Developer
14 228 (3.36%) C# Developer
15 201 (2.96%) Lead Developer
16 198 (2.92%) React Developer
17 185 (2.72%) Senior Java Developer
18 157 (2.31%) Python Developer
19 150 (2.21%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,054 (30.25%) React
2 1,674 (24.66%) HTML
3 1,582 (23.30%) CSS
4 1,487 (21.90%) AngularJS
5 1,453 (21.40%) .NET
6 1,438 (21.18%) Web Services
7 1,333 (19.63%) Node.js
8 1,206 (17.76%) SOAP
9 1,126 (16.59%) Spring
10 967 (14.24%) GraphQL
11 883 (13.01%) JSON
12 794 (11.70%) RESTful
13 694 (10.22%) XML
14 645 (9.50%) Spring Boot
15 594 (8.75%) HTML5
16 556 (8.19%) ASP.NET
17 552 (8.13%) .NET Framework
18 522 (7.69%) Vue.js
19 510 (7.51%) .NET Core
20 506 (7.45%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 802 (11.81%) User Experience
2 418 (6.16%) Greenfield Project
3 394 (5.80%) Mobile App
4 362 (5.33%) Self-Motivation
5 208 (3.06%) Algorithms
6 196 (2.89%) Virtual Team
7 156 (2.30%) Enterprise Software
8 149 (2.19%) Data Structures
9 125 (1.84%) Management Information System
10 120 (1.77%) Blog
11 108 (1.59%) Social Media
12 103 (1.52%) Client/Server
13 96 (1.41%) Cloud Native
14 81 (1.19%) Public Cloud
15 65 (0.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 58 (0.85%) Video\Live Streaming
17 54 (0.80%) Life Science
18 53 (0.78%) Linux Command Line
19 51 (0.75%) Legacy Applications
20 48 (0.71%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 859 (12.65%) Linux
2 359 (5.29%) Windows
3 347 (5.11%) Android
4 305 (4.49%) Apple iOS
5 245 (3.61%) Unix
6 42 (0.62%) Windows Server
7 34 (0.50%) Mesosphere
8 33 (0.49%) Ubuntu
9 22 (0.32%) Mac OS X
10 21 (0.31%) Mac OS
11 14 (0.21%) CentOS
12 11 (0.16%) Embedded Linux
13 8 (0.12%) Solaris
14 5 (0.074%) Windows Server 2008
15 4 (0.059%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 3 (0.044%) tvOS
16 3 (0.044%) VMS
17 2 (0.029%) Alpine Linux
17 2 (0.029%) Debian
17 2 (0.029%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,491 (51.42%) Agile Software Development
2 2,087 (30.74%) Microservices
3 1,627 (23.97%) Software Engineering
4 1,458 (21.48%) TDD
5 1,270 (18.71%) DevOps
6 1,222 (18.00%) Test Automation
7 1,217 (17.93%) Scrum
8 1,202 (17.71%) Full Stack Development
9 1,165 (17.16%) Problem-Solving
10 1,089 (16.04%) Continuous Integration
11 779 (11.47%) Front End Development
12 736 (10.84%) BDD
13 728 (10.72%) Mentoring
14 697 (10.27%) MVC
15 687 (10.12%) Unit Testing
16 680 (10.02%) OO
17 676 (9.96%) Open Source
18 660 (9.72%) Computer Science
19 652 (9.60%) Analytics
20 594 (8.75%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 3,065 (45.15%) JavaScript
2 2,365 (34.84%) Java
3 1,880 (27.69%) SQL
4 1,614 (23.77%) C#
5 1,497 (22.05%) Python
6 1,259 (18.54%) TypeScript
7 597 (8.79%) PHP
8 483 (7.11%) Java 8
9 400 (5.89%) Go
10 253 (3.73%) ES6
11 239 (3.52%) C++
12 226 (3.33%) Kotlin
13 202 (2.98%) PowerShell
14 176 (2.59%) C
15 163 (2.40%) Scala
16 142 (2.09%) Shell Script
17 139 (2.05%) T-SQL
18 136 (2.00%) Bash Shell
19 131 (1.93%) Java 11
20 122 (1.80%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 801 (11.80%) Degree
2 391 (5.76%) Security Cleared
3 360 (5.30%) SC Cleared
4 353 (5.20%) Computer Science Degree
5 52 (0.77%) Numerate Degree
6 39 (0.57%) Master's Degree
7 34 (0.50%) Microsoft Certification
8 27 (0.40%) ISTQB
9 26 (0.38%) AWS Certification
10 24 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
11 22 (0.32%) PhD
12 16 (0.24%) DBS Check
13 13 (0.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 11 (0.16%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 10 (0.15%) ISEB
15 10 (0.15%) ITIL Certification
16 7 (0.10%) PRINCE2 Certification
17 6 (0.088%) DV Cleared
18 4 (0.059%) OCP
18 4 (0.059%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 691 (10.18%) QA
2 207 (3.05%) Accessibility
3 51 (0.75%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 43 (0.63%) PCI DSS
5 40 (0.59%) GDPR
6 37 (0.54%) WCAG
7 29 (0.43%) Data Quality
8 25 (0.37%) GRC
9 21 (0.31%) PMO
10 17 (0.25%) GxP
10 17 (0.25%) SLA
11 15 (0.22%) 21 CFR Part 11
12 9 (0.13%) ISO 13485
13 8 (0.12%) HIPAA
14 7 (0.10%) COBIT
14 7 (0.10%) PA-DSS
15 6 (0.088%) HL7
15 6 (0.088%) ISO 15022
15 6 (0.088%) ISO 20022
16 4 (0.059%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 1,759 (25.91%) Docker
2 50 (0.74%) Active Directory
3 26 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (0.28%) Firmware
5 15 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
6 14 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 13 (0.19%) HDFS
8 12 (0.18%) Hyper-V
9 10 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
10 9 (0.13%) Postfix
11 7 (0.10%) vSphere
12 5 (0.074%) Ceph
13 2 (0.029%) Terminal Services
13 2 (0.029%) Varnish
13 2 (0.029%) Virtual Desktop
14 1 (0.015%) LXC
14 1 (0.015%) NFS
14 1 (0.015%) OpenDJ
14 1 (0.015%) SRDF
14 1 (0.015%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 1,167 (17.19%) Kubernetes
2 613 (9.03%) Terraform
3 277 (4.08%) Ansible
4 167 (2.46%) Opscode Chef
5 136 (2.00%) Prometheus
6 114 (1.68%) Puppet
7 100 (1.47%) Grafana
8 86 (1.27%) Kibana
9 65 (0.96%) logstash
10 45 (0.66%) Istio
10 45 (0.66%) Opsgenie
11 44 (0.65%) Docker Swarm
11 44 (0.65%) Single Sign-On
12 37 (0.54%) HAProxy
13 35 (0.52%) Automic
14 31 (0.46%) Consul
15 30 (0.44%) Graphite
15 30 (0.44%) Graylog
16 27 (0.40%) Hadoop YARN
17 20 (0.29%) MIIS
Vendors
1 806 (11.87%) Microsoft
2 390 (5.74%) Google
3 366 (5.39%) Oracle
4 235 (3.46%) Salesforce.com
5 163 (2.40%) MuleSoft
6 127 (1.87%) ServiceNow
7 108 (1.59%) Splunk
8 102 (1.50%) SAP
9 91 (1.34%) IBM
10 90 (1.33%) Dell
11 85 (1.25%) Atlassian
12 81 (1.19%) Zend
13 66 (0.97%) Samsung
14 64 (0.94%) VMware
15 63 (0.93%) Red Hat
16 56 (0.82%) Adobe
17 54 (0.80%) YouTube
18 46 (0.68%) Apple
18 46 (0.68%) Xamarin
19 40 (0.59%) Conga