Period
to 7 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 7 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
7 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 69 88 82
Rank change year-on-year +19 -6 +2
Permanent jobs citing REST 3,189 5,080 6,493
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.05% 3.46% 3.64%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.15% 9.10% 8.99%
Number of salaries quoted 2,894 4,334 5,393
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £34,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £86,250 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 31,413 55,804 72,254
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.93% 37.96% 40.46%
Number of salaries quoted 25,956 45,963 60,367
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £91,250 £86,250 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing REST.

Salary trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 7 July 2020.

Salary histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 7 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +17 2,964 £57,500 - 320
UK excluding London +20 1,611 £50,000 - 227
London +18 1,530 £70,000 - 115
South East +19 563 £50,000 -4.76% 51
North of England +41 366 £47,500 - 69
Work from Home +45 345 £57,500 +4.55% 51
North West +26 215 £50,000 - 41
South West +16 194 £47,500 +5.56% 31
Midlands +54 186 £50,000 +7.53% 34
West Midlands +92 135 £50,000 - 27
Scotland +40 123 £47,500 -5.00% 11
Yorkshire +56 121 £45,000 - 24
East of England +21 120 £52,500 - 22
East Midlands +2 49 £42,500 +3.66% 7
Wales +28 47 £40,782 +1.96% 10
North East +30 30 £45,000 - 4
Northern Ireland +3 19 £60,000 +42.86% 1
Channel Islands - 3 £67,500 -

For the 6 months to 7 July 2020, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 1,699 (53.28%) Agile Software Development
2 1,413 (44.31%) JavaScript
3 1,028 (32.24%) Java
4 981 (30.76%) CSS
5 970 (30.42%) HTML
6 948 (29.73%) .NET
7 941 (29.51%) C#
8 916 (28.72%) AWS
9 893 (28.00%) SQL
10 829 (26.00%) SOAP
11 824 (25.84%) Web Services
12 792 (24.84%) AngularJS
13 712 (22.33%) Microservices
14 704 (22.08%) TDD
15 693 (21.73%) Azure
16 691 (21.67%) React
17 666 (20.88%) Git (software)
18 628 (19.69%) Docker
19 607 (19.03%) Software Engineering
20 601 (18.85%) DevOps
21 588 (18.44%) SQL Server
22 574 (18.00%) Scrum
23 564 (17.69%) Finance
24 533 (16.71%) MVC
25 532 (16.68%) Python
26 498 (15.62%) JSON
27 484 (15.18%) Node.js
28 438 (13.73%) Test Automation
29 430 (13.48%) XML
30 419 (13.14%) Continuous Integration

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 127 (3.98%) Elasticsearch
2 118 (3.70%) Tomcat
3 108 (3.39%) Confluence
4 95 (2.98%) CMS
5 75 (2.35%) IIS
6 73 (2.29%) Apache
7 52 (1.63%) EPiServer
8 50 (1.57%) Apache Spark
9 46 (1.44%) WebSphere
10 34 (1.07%) SharePoint
11 31 (0.97%) WordPress
12 22 (0.69%) Umbraco
13 19 (0.60%) JBoss
13 19 (0.60%) Red Hat Fuse
14 16 (0.50%) BizTalk Server
14 16 (0.50%) Mule
15 15 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 13 (0.41%) Drupal
16 13 (0.41%) nginx
16 13 (0.41%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 49 (1.54%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 9 (0.28%) Adobe XD
3 9 (0.28%) InVision
3 9 (0.28%) Zeplin
4 8 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
5 7 (0.22%) Gliffy
5 7 (0.22%) MS Visio
6 6 (0.19%) Sketch
7 5 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.031%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.031%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 36 (1.13%) Magento
2 18 (0.56%) Dynamics CRM
3 12 (0.38%) Distributed Ledger
3 12 (0.38%) SAP S/4HANA
4 10 (0.31%) Dynamics AX
5 9 (0.28%) Shopify
6 8 (0.25%) Maximo
7 7 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
8 6 (0.19%) Oracle CRM
9 5 (0.16%) Adobe Campaign
9 5 (0.16%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 5 (0.16%) NetSuite
9 5 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
9 5 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
9 5 (0.16%) R3 Corda
10 4 (0.13%) Eikon
10 4 (0.13%) Oracle Cash Management
10 4 (0.13%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
10 4 (0.13%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
10 4 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 916 (28.72%) AWS
2 693 (21.73%) Azure
3 240 (7.53%) SaaS
4 170 (5.33%) Serverless
5 159 (4.99%) GCP
6 143 (4.48%) GitHub
7 102 (3.20%) AWS Lambda
8 83 (2.60%) Amazon EC2
9 76 (2.38%) Cloud Computing
10 74 (2.32%) npm
11 63 (1.98%) PaaS
12 54 (1.69%) AWS CloudFormation
13 50 (1.57%) Power Platform
14 39 (1.22%) IaaS
15 34 (1.07%) Amazon ECS
15 34 (1.07%) Amazon S3
15 34 (1.07%) Amazon SQS
16 32 (1.00%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
17 31 (0.97%) Dynamics 365
18 28 (0.88%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 223 (6.99%) HTTP
2 54 (1.69%) TCP/IP
3 50 (1.57%) Internet
4 35 (1.10%) DNS
5 31 (0.97%) VoIP
6 25 (0.78%) FTP
7 24 (0.75%) WAN
8 19 (0.60%) Firewall
9 18 (0.56%) SSH
9 18 (0.56%) SSL
10 17 (0.53%) RTP
11 15 (0.47%) IPsec
12 12 (0.38%) Network Security
12 12 (0.38%) VPN
13 11 (0.34%) Cisco ISE
13 11 (0.34%) MPLS
13 11 (0.34%) WLAN
14 9 (0.28%) BGP
14 9 (0.28%) OSPF
15 8 (0.25%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 588 (18.44%) SQL Server
2 366 (11.48%) MySQL
3 285 (8.94%) NoSQL
4 259 (8.12%) PostgreSQL
5 221 (6.93%) MongoDB
6 173 (5.42%) Relational Database
7 92 (2.88%) Redis
8 70 (2.20%) Big Data
9 66 (2.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 65 (2.04%) SQL Server 2012
11 60 (1.88%) Data Warehouse
12 56 (1.76%) Amazon RDS
13 55 (1.72%) Hadoop
13 55 (1.72%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 51 (1.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 47 (1.47%) Power BI
16 42 (1.32%) RDBMS
17 36 (1.13%) Apache Cassandra
18 29 (0.91%) GIS
19 28 (0.88%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 666 (20.88%) Git (software)
2 337 (10.57%) Jenkins
3 259 (8.12%) JIRA
4 199 (6.24%) Selenium
5 188 (5.90%) JUnit
6 169 (5.30%) Maven
7 158 (4.95%) Visual Studio
7 158 (4.95%) webpack
8 111 (3.48%) Cucumber
9 98 (3.07%) Bitbucket
10 94 (2.95%) NUnit
10 94 (2.95%) Team Foundation Server
11 74 (2.32%) Mockito
12 66 (2.07%) Jasmine
12 66 (2.07%) TeamCity
13 54 (1.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 54 (1.69%) Subversion
14 53 (1.66%) SonarQube
15 52 (1.63%) Octopus Deploy
16 50 (1.57%) MSTest
General
1 564 (17.69%) Finance
2 162 (5.08%) Banking
3 148 (4.64%) Marketing
4 114 (3.57%) Retail
5 49 (1.54%) Games
6 47 (1.47%) Telecoms
7 44 (1.38%) Law
8 42 (1.32%) Public Sector
9 38 (1.19%) Front Office
10 36 (1.13%) Investment Banking
11 30 (0.94%) Legal
12 29 (0.91%) Manufacturing
13 24 (0.75%) Advertising
14 20 (0.63%) Back Office
15 19 (0.60%) Financial Institution
16 16 (0.50%) Aerospace
16 16 (0.50%) Publishing
17 10 (0.31%) Automotive
18 8 (0.25%) Music Industry
19 6 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,134 (66.92%) Developer
2 493 (15.46%) Senior Developer
3 398 (12.48%) Java Developer
4 344 (10.79%) .NET Developer
5 299 (9.38%) C# Developer
6 272 (8.53%) Software Engineer
7 246 (7.71%) Full Stack Developer
8 240 (7.53%) Software Developer
9 199 (6.24%) C# .NET Developer
10 190 (5.96%) PHP Developer
11 189 (5.93%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 155 (4.86%) Architect
13 154 (4.83%) React Developer
14 123 (3.86%) JavaScript Developer
15 116 (3.64%) Senior Java Developer
16 109 (3.42%) Python Developer
17 98 (3.07%) Web Developer
18 95 (2.98%) Angular Developer
19 89 (2.79%) Lead Developer
20 86 (2.70%) Senior Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 981 (30.76%) CSS
2 970 (30.42%) HTML
3 948 (29.73%) .NET
4 829 (26.00%) SOAP
5 824 (25.84%) Web Services
6 792 (24.84%) AngularJS
7 691 (21.67%) React
8 498 (15.62%) JSON
9 484 (15.18%) Node.js
10 430 (13.48%) XML
11 411 (12.89%) Spring
12 390 (12.23%) .NET Core
13 362 (11.35%) ASP.NET
14 360 (11.29%) ASP.NET Web API
15 343 (10.76%) jQuery
16 333 (10.44%) HTML5
17 323 (10.13%) .NET Framework
18 248 (7.78%) Redux
19 238 (7.46%) Sass
20 212 (6.65%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 243 (7.62%) Greenfield Project
2 225 (7.06%) User Experience
3 184 (5.77%) Mobile App
4 183 (5.74%) Analytical Skills
5 116 (3.64%) Self-Motivation
6 86 (2.70%) Cloud Native
7 62 (1.94%) Data Structures
8 60 (1.88%) Enterprise Software
9 58 (1.82%) Public Cloud
10 57 (1.79%) Algorithms
11 49 (1.54%) Linux Command Line
12 32 (1.00%) Data Centre
13 25 (0.78%) Market Risk
14 23 (0.72%) Hedge funds
14 23 (0.72%) PKI
15 22 (0.69%) Blog
15 22 (0.69%) Virtual Team
16 21 (0.66%) Marketing Technology
17 19 (0.60%) N-Tier
18 18 (0.56%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 392 (12.29%) Linux
2 192 (6.02%) Windows
3 133 (4.17%) Android
4 126 (3.95%) Apple iOS
5 83 (2.60%) Unix
6 30 (0.94%) Ubuntu
7 28 (0.88%) Mac OS X
8 21 (0.66%) Windows Server
9 18 (0.56%) CentOS
10 13 (0.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 7 (0.22%) Mac OS
12 6 (0.19%) VMS
13 5 (0.16%) Fedora
14 4 (0.13%) Amazon Linux
15 3 (0.094%) Debian
15 3 (0.094%) Windows 10
15 3 (0.094%) Windows Server 2008
16 2 (0.063%) Windows 7
16 2 (0.063%) Windows Server 2016
17 1 (0.031%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,699 (53.28%) Agile Software Development
2 712 (22.33%) Microservices
3 704 (22.08%) TDD
4 607 (19.03%) Software Engineering
5 601 (18.85%) DevOps
6 574 (18.00%) Scrum
7 533 (16.71%) MVC
8 438 (13.73%) Test Automation
9 419 (13.14%) Continuous Integration
10 360 (11.29%) BDD
11 351 (11.01%) Problem-Solving
12 337 (10.57%) OO
13 325 (10.19%) Web Development
14 303 (9.50%) Fintech
15 288 (9.03%) Unit Testing
16 275 (8.62%) Front End Development
17 217 (6.80%) SDLC
18 214 (6.71%) Computer Science
18 214 (6.71%) OOP
19 210 (6.59%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,413 (44.31%) JavaScript
2 1,028 (32.24%) Java
3 941 (29.51%) C#
4 893 (28.00%) SQL
5 532 (16.68%) Python
6 375 (11.76%) PHP
7 269 (8.44%) TypeScript
8 194 (6.08%) Java 8
9 150 (4.70%) C++
10 111 (3.48%) T-SQL
11 107 (3.36%) Go
12 102 (3.20%) ES6
13 94 (2.95%) Ruby
14 93 (2.92%) C
14 93 (2.92%) Kotlin
15 92 (2.88%) PowerShell
16 74 (2.32%) Scala
17 71 (2.23%) Apple Swift
18 67 (2.10%) Bash Shell
19 56 (1.76%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 281 (8.81%) Degree
2 139 (4.36%) Computer Science Degree
3 99 (3.10%) Security Cleared
4 77 (2.41%) SC Cleared
5 27 (0.85%) ISTQB
6 24 (0.75%) ISEB
7 14 (0.44%) Microsoft Certification
8 13 (0.41%) Cisco Certification
9 12 (0.38%) CCNP
10 11 (0.34%) DV Cleared
11 9 (0.28%) CEH
11 9 (0.28%) GWAPT
11 9 (0.28%) HND
11 9 (0.28%) Master's Degree
11 9 (0.28%) OSCP
12 8 (0.25%) PhD
13 6 (0.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 6 (0.19%) MCPD
13 6 (0.19%) TOGAF Certification
14 5 (0.16%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 172 (5.39%) QA
2 29 (0.91%) GDPR
3 17 (0.53%) PCI DSS
4 13 (0.41%) Data Quality
5 12 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 7 (0.22%) Government Security Classifications
6 7 (0.22%) NCSC
7 6 (0.19%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 6 (0.19%) SLA
8 5 (0.16%) ISO 9001
9 3 (0.094%) MiFID
9 3 (0.094%) PMO
10 2 (0.063%) PSD2
11 1 (0.031%) Basel III
11 1 (0.031%) Dodd-Frank
11 1 (0.031%) EMIR
11 1 (0.031%) ISO 13485
11 1 (0.031%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 628 (19.69%) Docker
2 42 (1.32%) VMware Infrastructure
3 36 (1.13%) vSphere
4 26 (0.82%) Active Directory
5 12 (0.38%) NFS
6 10 (0.31%) Hyper-V
6 10 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
7 7 (0.22%) Xen
8 6 (0.19%) ACF2
8 6 (0.19%) Kamailio
8 6 (0.19%) Postfix
8 6 (0.19%) RACF
9 4 (0.13%) Varnish
10 2 (0.063%) Firmware
10 2 (0.063%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 2 (0.063%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.031%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 1 (0.031%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 363 (11.38%) Kubernetes
2 113 (3.54%) Terraform
3 65 (2.04%) Ansible
4 40 (1.25%) Kibana
5 30 (0.94%) Grafana
6 23 (0.72%) Puppet
7 20 (0.63%) Mesos
8 19 (0.60%) Opscode Chef
9 18 (0.56%) logstash
10 15 (0.47%) Prometheus
11 13 (0.41%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 11 (0.34%) Marathon
13 10 (0.31%) Single Sign-On
13 10 (0.31%) ZABBIX
14 9 (0.28%) Rancher
15 7 (0.22%) CloudHub
16 5 (0.16%) Nagios
16 5 (0.16%) Oracle Identity Management
16 5 (0.16%) vRealize
17 2 (0.063%) Icinga
Vendors
1 372 (11.67%) Microsoft
2 174 (5.46%) Oracle
3 122 (3.83%) Google
4 101 (3.17%) Salesforce.com
5 63 (1.98%) Zend
6 55 (1.72%) VMware
7 53 (1.66%) Atlassian
8 52 (1.63%) IBM
9 35 (1.10%) SAP
10 31 (0.97%) Apple
11 27 (0.85%) Adobe
12 25 (0.78%) Red Hat
13 23 (0.72%) Xamarin
14 21 (0.66%) Pardot
15 19 (0.60%) Dell
15 19 (0.60%) Sitecore
16 18 (0.56%) MuleSoft
16 18 (0.56%) webMethods
17 17 (0.53%) ServiceNow
18 16 (0.50%) NetIQ