Period
to 20 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 20 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 82 80 94
Rank change year-on-year -2 +14 +30
Permanent jobs citing REST 6,049 6,508 5,722
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.70% 3.73% 3.00%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.25% 9.29% 7.68%
Number of salaries quoted 4,786 5,150 4,969
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £33,750
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +4.65%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 65,364 70,091 74,527
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.98% 40.19% 39.03%
Number of salaries quoted 54,045 57,976 64,562
UK median annual salary £51,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing REST.

Salary trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 20 October 2018.

Salary histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 5,655 £55,000 +4.76% 1,001
UK excluding London -3 3,134 £50,000 +11.11% 588
London +4 2,806 £65,000 +8.33% 470
South East +18 1,162 £50,000 -0.99% 132
North of England -10 565 £45,000 +3.45% 161
South West -11 411 £47,500 +5.56% 79
Midlands -22 368 £47,500 +18.75% 71
North West -17 357 £45,000 - 77
East of England -9 338 £55,000 +15.79% 88
West Midlands -50 195 £50,000 +25.00% 33
Scotland +6 189 £51,250 +13.89% 39
Yorkshire -7 186 £45,000 +5.88% 62
East Midlands +29 173 £46,250 +8.82% 38
Wales +41 118 £44,000 +17.33% 8
North East -19 22 £45,000 -2.17% 22
Northern Ireland +17 14 £50,750 +84.55% 11

For the 6 months to 20 October 2018, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 3,347 (55.33%) Agile Software Development
2 2,904 (48.01%) JavaScript
3 2,736 (45.23%) Java
4 2,143 (35.43%) HTML
5 2,052 (33.92%) SQL
6 1,943 (32.12%) Web Services
7 1,915 (31.66%) CSS
8 1,853 (30.63%) C#
9 1,798 (29.72%) .NET
10 1,794 (29.66%) TDD
11 1,778 (29.39%) SOAP
12 1,473 (24.35%) AngularJS
13 1,417 (23.43%) Git (software)
14 1,399 (23.13%) Microservices
15 1,325 (21.90%) MVC
16 1,288 (21.29%) Spring
17 1,255 (20.75%) Scrum
18 1,212 (20.04%) Finance
18 1,212 (20.04%) SQL Server
19 1,203 (19.89%) JSON
20 1,181 (19.52%) Amazon AWS
21 1,107 (18.30%) DevOps
22 1,074 (17.76%) Test Automation
23 1,035 (17.11%) XML
24 1,022 (16.90%) Continuous Integration
25 993 (16.42%) Software Engineering
26 973 (16.09%) Microsoft Azure
27 915 (15.13%) ASP.NET
28 913 (15.09%) React
29 911 (15.06%) HTML5

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 317 (5.24%) Elasticsearch
2 299 (4.94%) Confluence
3 235 (3.88%) Tomcat
4 214 (3.54%) CMS
5 198 (3.27%) JBoss
6 160 (2.65%) IIS
7 153 (2.53%) Apache
8 149 (2.46%) SharePoint
9 140 (2.31%) Apache Spark
10 131 (2.17%) WebSphere
11 98 (1.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 82 (1.36%) nginx
13 81 (1.34%) Mule
14 80 (1.32%) WordPress
15 79 (1.31%) WebLogic
16 67 (1.11%) BizTalk Server
17 62 (1.02%) Apache Pig
18 51 (0.84%) Drupal
18 51 (0.84%) NServiceBus
19 43 (0.71%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 18 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
1 18 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
2 15 (0.25%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (0.25%) Photoshop
3 9 (0.15%) MS Visio
4 7 (0.12%) GNU Octave
5 6 (0.099%) Chatbot
6 5 (0.083%) Adobe Illustrator
6 5 (0.083%) Snapchat
6 5 (0.083%) Weka
7 4 (0.066%) InfoPath
7 4 (0.066%) Maya
7 4 (0.066%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 3 (0.050%) LibreOffice
8 3 (0.050%) Microsoft Project
9 2 (0.033%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.017%) 3ds Max
10 1 (0.017%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.017%) Fireworks
10 1 (0.017%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 36 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.36%) Magento
3 15 (0.25%) Markit EDM
4 13 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
5 11 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
6 9 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
7 7 (0.12%) SDL Web 8
8 6 (0.099%) R3 Corda
8 6 (0.099%) SAP SD
8 6 (0.099%) Shopify
9 5 (0.083%) BusinessWorks
9 5 (0.083%) Oracle Applications
9 5 (0.083%) SAP Business One
10 4 (0.066%) NetSuite
10 4 (0.066%) Scribe Insight
11 3 (0.050%) Exstream
11 3 (0.050%) MetaTrader
11 3 (0.050%) Oracle EBS
11 3 (0.050%) Workday HCM
12 2 (0.033%) Endur
Cloud Services
1 1,181 (19.52%) Amazon AWS
2 973 (16.09%) Microsoft Azure
3 330 (5.46%) SaaS
4 221 (3.65%) GitHub
5 178 (2.94%) Serverless
6 163 (2.69%) Google Cloud Platform
7 149 (2.46%) PaaS
8 122 (2.02%) npm
9 121 (2.00%) Cloud Computing
10 110 (1.82%) IaaS
11 93 (1.54%) Amazon EC2
12 69 (1.14%) AWS Lambda
13 66 (1.09%) Office 365
14 61 (1.01%) Amazon S3
15 50 (0.83%) AWS CloudFormation
16 42 (0.69%) Apigee
16 42 (0.69%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
17 41 (0.68%) Dynamics 365
18 37 (0.61%) OpenShift
19 34 (0.56%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 453 (7.49%) HTTP
2 185 (3.06%) Internet
3 129 (2.13%) SSL
4 127 (2.10%) TCP/IP
5 88 (1.45%) Firewall
6 60 (0.99%) DNS
7 28 (0.46%) IPv6
8 26 (0.43%) VPN
9 25 (0.41%) FTP
10 22 (0.36%) Intranet
11 21 (0.35%) VoIP
12 19 (0.31%) Bluetooth
12 19 (0.31%) HTTPS
13 17 (0.28%) IPv4
14 16 (0.26%) SMS
15 15 (0.25%) DHCP
15 15 (0.25%) Reverse Proxy
15 15 (0.25%) Unified Communications
15 15 (0.25%) Wireshark
16 14 (0.23%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,212 (20.04%) SQL Server
2 697 (11.52%) NoSQL
3 622 (10.28%) MySQL
4 544 (8.99%) MongoDB
5 382 (6.32%) Relational Database
6 344 (5.69%) Big Data
7 282 (4.66%) PostgreSQL
8 172 (2.84%) Hadoop
9 170 (2.81%) Redis
10 131 (2.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 128 (2.12%) Blockchain
12 108 (1.79%) Apache Cassandra
13 102 (1.69%) RDBMS
13 102 (1.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 98 (1.62%) Data Warehouse
15 83 (1.37%) Azure SQL Database
16 73 (1.21%) Apache Hive
17 63 (1.04%) MariaDB
18 62 (1.02%) DB2
19 60 (0.99%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 1,417 (23.43%) Git (software)
2 728 (12.04%) Jenkins
3 671 (11.09%) JIRA
4 528 (8.73%) Maven
5 483 (7.98%) JUnit
6 460 (7.60%) Selenium
7 336 (5.55%) Cucumber
8 296 (4.89%) webpack
9 295 (4.88%) Visual Studio
10 258 (4.27%) Subversion
11 231 (3.82%) Gradle
12 214 (3.54%) Team Foundation Server
13 205 (3.39%) Bitbucket
14 203 (3.36%) TeamCity
15 202 (3.34%) gulp
16 175 (2.89%) NUnit
17 166 (2.74%) Eclipse
18 163 (2.69%) Grunt
19 146 (2.41%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 137 (2.26%) Jasmine
General
1 1,212 (20.04%) Finance
2 499 (8.25%) Banking
3 363 (6.00%) Retail
4 229 (3.79%) Games
5 173 (2.86%) Marketing
6 123 (2.03%) Telecoms
7 120 (1.98%) Investment Banking
8 97 (1.60%) Advertising
9 88 (1.45%) Financial Institution
9 88 (1.45%) Manufacturing
10 78 (1.29%) Law
11 63 (1.04%) Electronics
11 63 (1.04%) Publishing
12 42 (0.69%) Legal
13 40 (0.66%) Front Office
14 29 (0.48%) Back Office
15 25 (0.41%) Automotive
15 25 (0.41%) Retail Finance
16 21 (0.35%) Retail Banking
17 16 (0.26%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 3,899 (64.46%) Developer
2 1,239 (20.48%) Java Developer
3 855 (14.13%) Senior Developer
4 677 (11.19%) .NET Developer
5 551 (9.11%) C# Developer
6 502 (8.30%) Software Engineer
7 445 (7.36%) Architect
8 374 (6.18%) Software Developer
9 362 (5.98%) Senior Java Developer
10 349 (5.77%) JavaScript Developer
11 343 (5.67%) C# .NET Developer
12 330 (5.46%) Full Stack Developer
13 309 (5.11%) Java Engineer
14 293 (4.84%) Lead Developer
15 292 (4.83%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 263 (4.35%) PHP Developer
17 202 (3.34%) Web Developer
18 192 (3.17%) Analyst
19 177 (2.93%) Java Software Engineer
20 173 (2.86%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,143 (35.43%) HTML
2 1,943 (32.12%) Web Services
3 1,915 (31.66%) CSS
4 1,798 (29.72%) .NET
5 1,778 (29.39%) SOAP
6 1,473 (24.35%) AngularJS
7 1,288 (21.29%) Spring
8 1,203 (19.89%) JSON
9 1,035 (17.11%) XML
10 915 (15.13%) ASP.NET
11 913 (15.09%) React
12 911 (15.06%) HTML5
13 882 (14.58%) Node.js
14 635 (10.50%) jQuery
15 627 (10.37%) ASP.NET Web API
16 535 (8.84%) RESTful
17 501 (8.28%) .NET Framework
18 497 (8.22%) CSS3
19 457 (7.55%) ASP.NET MVC
20 452 (7.47%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 486 (8.03%) User Experience
2 422 (6.98%) Computer Science
3 367 (6.07%) Fintech
4 358 (5.92%) Mobile App
5 348 (5.75%) Greenfield Project
6 328 (5.42%) Analytical Skills
7 231 (3.82%) Enterprise Software
8 218 (3.60%) Self-Motivation
9 103 (1.70%) Data Structures
10 85 (1.41%) Virtual Team
11 82 (1.36%) Algorithms
12 76 (1.26%) Management Information System
13 70 (1.16%) Social Media
14 62 (1.02%) Cyberthreat
15 59 (0.98%) Linux Command Line
16 48 (0.79%) Public Cloud
17 43 (0.71%) Cloud Native
18 36 (0.60%) Blog
19 34 (0.56%) Client/Server
19 34 (0.56%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 725 (11.99%) Linux
2 464 (7.67%) Windows
3 292 (4.83%) Android
4 269 (4.45%) Apple iOS
5 198 (3.27%) Unix
6 65 (1.07%) Windows Server
7 49 (0.81%) Mac OS X
8 38 (0.63%) CentOS
8 38 (0.63%) Ubuntu
9 19 (0.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 18 (0.30%) Windows 10
11 13 (0.21%) VMS
12 10 (0.17%) Debian
12 10 (0.17%) Mac OS
12 10 (0.17%) Solaris
13 9 (0.15%) Windows 7
14 8 (0.13%) FreeBSD
14 8 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
15 6 (0.099%) Windows 8
16 5 (0.083%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,347 (55.33%) Agile Software Development
2 1,794 (29.66%) TDD
3 1,399 (23.13%) Microservices
4 1,325 (21.90%) MVC
5 1,255 (20.75%) Scrum
6 1,107 (18.30%) DevOps
7 1,074 (17.76%) Test Automation
8 1,022 (16.90%) Continuous Integration
9 993 (16.42%) Software Engineering
10 857 (14.17%) BDD
11 795 (13.14%) OO
12 794 (13.13%) Problem-Solving
13 720 (11.90%) SOA
14 705 (11.65%) Web Development
15 571 (9.44%) Unit Testing
16 525 (8.68%) Open Source
17 506 (8.37%) SDLC
18 503 (8.32%) Front End Development
19 478 (7.90%) Continuous Delivery
20 388 (6.41%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 2,904 (48.01%) JavaScript
2 2,736 (45.23%) Java
3 2,052 (33.92%) SQL
4 1,853 (30.63%) C#
5 897 (14.83%) Python
6 600 (9.92%) Java 8
7 582 (9.62%) PHP
8 305 (5.04%) ES6
9 286 (4.73%) PowerShell
10 250 (4.13%) TypeScript
11 241 (3.98%) C++
12 238 (3.93%) Scala
13 234 (3.87%) Ruby
14 211 (3.49%) T-SQL
15 141 (2.33%) PL/SQL
16 140 (2.31%) Apex Code
17 139 (2.30%) Bash Shell
17 139 (2.30%) C
18 135 (2.23%) VB.NET
19 112 (1.85%) Perl
Qualifications
1 688 (11.37%) Degree
2 201 (3.32%) Computer Science Degree
3 148 (2.45%) Security Cleared
4 69 (1.14%) Microsoft Certification
5 66 (1.09%) SC Cleared
6 58 (0.96%) CISSP
7 55 (0.91%) DV Cleared
8 52 (0.86%) SANS
9 45 (0.74%) MCSE
10 44 (0.73%) CCNA
10 44 (0.73%) Cisco Certification
10 44 (0.73%) ISTQB
11 43 (0.71%) CompTIA Security+
11 43 (0.71%) GIAC
11 43 (0.71%) Linux+ Certification
11 43 (0.71%) Network+ Certification
11 43 (0.71%) SSCP
12 37 (0.61%) ISEB
13 27 (0.45%) PhD
14 21 (0.35%) MCPD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 517 (8.55%) QA
2 32 (0.53%) GDPR
3 22 (0.36%) Data Quality
4 18 (0.30%) PCI DSS
5 15 (0.25%) SLA
5 15 (0.25%) WCAG
6 14 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 6 (0.099%) HL7
7 6 (0.099%) PMO
8 5 (0.083%) MiFID
8 5 (0.083%) PA-DSS
9 4 (0.066%) COBIT
10 3 (0.050%) ISO 20022
10 3 (0.050%) ISO 9001
11 2 (0.033%) ISO/IEC 27005
11 2 (0.033%) Web Application Security Consortium
12 1 (0.017%) OASIS TOSCA
12 1 (0.017%) PSD2
12 1 (0.017%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 818 (13.52%) Docker
2 110 (1.82%) Active Directory
3 52 (0.86%) VMware Infrastructure
4 50 (0.83%) vSphere
5 36 (0.60%) Hyper-V
6 32 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
7 20 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 20 (0.33%) HDFS
8 17 (0.28%) Varnish
9 14 (0.23%) Firmware
10 5 (0.083%) VirtualBox
11 4 (0.066%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.050%) Oracle RAC
13 2 (0.033%) ACF2
13 2 (0.033%) KVM
13 2 (0.033%) oVirt
13 2 (0.033%) RACF
13 2 (0.033%) RHEV
13 2 (0.033%) VMware NSX
14 1 (0.017%) GridGain
Systems Management
1 266 (4.40%) Kubernetes
2 226 (3.74%) Ansible
3 190 (3.14%) Puppet
4 132 (2.18%) Opscode Chef
5 97 (1.60%) Terraform
6 54 (0.89%) Salt
7 29 (0.48%) Kibana
8 26 (0.43%) logstash
9 21 (0.35%) Docker Swarm
10 16 (0.26%) Mesos
11 13 (0.21%) Packer
12 12 (0.20%) Automic
12 12 (0.20%) Rancher
12 12 (0.20%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
13 11 (0.18%) Grafana
13 11 (0.18%) HP Quality Center
13 11 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
14 10 (0.17%) CloudHub
14 10 (0.17%) Consul
14 10 (0.17%) WebSphere Cast Iron
Vendors
1 725 (11.99%) Microsoft
2 537 (8.88%) Oracle
3 249 (4.12%) Google
4 243 (4.02%) Salesforce.com
5 127 (2.10%) IBM
6 87 (1.44%) Atlassian
7 83 (1.37%) Xamarin
8 81 (1.34%) SAP
9 77 (1.27%) MuleSoft
10 75 (1.24%) Splunk
11 74 (1.22%) VMware
12 65 (1.07%) Sitecore
13 61 (1.01%) Adobe
14 57 (0.94%) TIBCO
15 53 (0.88%) Apple
16 52 (0.86%) Red Hat
17 48 (0.79%) New Relic
18 47 (0.78%) ServiceNow
19 36 (0.60%) Tableau
20 34 (0.56%) Foundry