Period
to 25 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 25 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
25 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 65 69 84
Rank change year-on-year +4 +15 -1
Permanent jobs citing REST 3,146 4,929 5,386
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.25% 3.99% 3.58%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.22% 10.27% 9.02%
Number of salaries quoted 3,060 4,229 4,561
Median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% - -
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,200 £33,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.53% - +2.15%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 30,783 48,013 59,740
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.55% 38.88% 39.73%
Number of salaries quoted 25,640 39,834 49,565
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £34,685 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing REST.

Salary trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 25 February 2021.

Salary histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 25 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 2,867 £60,000 +9.09% 757
UK excluding London +6 1,657 £52,500 +10.53% 432
London -6 1,296 £70,000 +3.70% 358
Work from Home -13 650 £57,500 +4.55% 207
South East +9 506 £57,500 +15.00% 117
North of England -22 325 £50,000 +11.11% 110
Midlands +56 319 £50,000 - 67
West Midlands +54 240 £55,000 +10.00% 48
North West -11 195 £50,000 +11.11% 62
South West -1 192 £50,000 +11.11% 56
East of England +55 185 £65,000 +18.18% 46
Yorkshire -12 104 £47,500 -1.04% 39
Scotland -22 92 £50,000 +11.11% 23
East Midlands +40 79 £43,750 +2.94% 19
Northern Ireland +17 30 £45,000 -10.00% 7
North East -24 26 £40,000 -3.03% 9
Wales +4 25 £50,000 +28.21% 8
Isle of Man - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 25 February 2021, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 1,547 (49.17%) JavaScript
2 1,517 (48.22%) Agile Software Development
3 952 (30.26%) C#
4 922 (29.31%) Java
5 919 (29.21%) SQL
6 898 (28.54%) .NET
7 881 (28.00%) AWS
8 868 (27.59%) Microservices
9 842 (26.76%) Azure
10 835 (26.54%) AngularJS
11 814 (25.87%) CSS
12 794 (25.24%) HTML
13 762 (24.22%) DevOps
14 754 (23.97%) React
15 691 (21.96%) TDD
16 685 (21.77%) SOAP
17 678 (21.55%) Docker
18 677 (21.52%) Git (software)
19 671 (21.33%) Web Services
20 608 (19.33%) Software Engineering
21 591 (18.79%) SQL Server
22 587 (18.66%) Test Automation
23 583 (18.53%) Node.js
24 575 (18.28%) Python
25 525 (16.69%) Scrum
26 524 (16.66%) MVC
27 516 (16.40%) Finance
28 444 (14.11%) Spring
29 426 (13.54%) Kubernetes
29 426 (13.54%) .NET Core

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 118 (3.75%) Confluence
2 99 (3.15%) CMS
3 84 (2.67%) Elasticsearch
4 67 (2.13%) Tomcat
5 59 (1.88%) Apache Spark
6 53 (1.68%) Apache
7 44 (1.40%) JBoss
7 44 (1.40%) WordPress
8 40 (1.27%) IIS
9 39 (1.24%) OpenStack
9 39 (1.24%) Umbraco
10 33 (1.05%) SharePoint
11 29 (0.92%) Red Hat Fuse
12 23 (0.73%) WebSphere
13 18 (0.57%) Mule
14 17 (0.54%) WebLogic
15 16 (0.51%) Drupal
15 16 (0.51%) Mule ESB
16 15 (0.48%) Apache Solr
16 15 (0.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 40 (1.27%) Figma
2 23 (0.73%) Adobe XD
3 21 (0.67%) Microsoft Office
4 17 (0.54%) Sketch
5 16 (0.51%) Photoshop
6 15 (0.48%) Microsoft Excel
7 11 (0.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 8 (0.25%) Zeplin
9 5 (0.16%) Chatbot
9 5 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
10 4 (0.13%) InVision
11 2 (0.064%) AutoCAD
12 1 (0.032%) Microsoft Project
12 1 (0.032%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 19 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
2 18 (0.57%) Shopify
3 17 (0.54%) Magento
4 14 (0.45%) Siebel CRM
5 11 (0.35%) Elite 3E
6 10 (0.32%) Oracle BPM
7 9 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
8 8 (0.25%) NetSuite
9 6 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 5 (0.16%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
10 5 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
11 4 (0.13%) Maximo
11 4 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
11 4 (0.13%) SAP Business One
11 4 (0.13%) Social Studio
12 3 (0.095%) Oracle EBS
12 3 (0.095%) SAP Hybris
13 2 (0.064%) SAP CRM
13 2 (0.064%) SAP ERP
13 2 (0.064%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 881 (28.00%) AWS
2 842 (26.76%) Azure
3 288 (9.15%) GCP
4 282 (8.96%) SaaS
5 264 (8.39%) Serverless
6 158 (5.02%) AWS Lambda
7 106 (3.37%) GitHub
8 76 (2.42%) Cloud Computing
9 75 (2.38%) Amazon EC2
10 70 (2.23%) PaaS
11 68 (2.16%) Power Platform
12 67 (2.13%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
13 58 (1.84%) Salesforce Service Cloud
14 57 (1.81%) npm
15 53 (1.68%) Amazon ECS
16 51 (1.62%) IaaS
17 50 (1.59%) Amazon S3
18 48 (1.53%) Amazon EKS
19 38 (1.21%) Amazon SQS
20 31 (0.99%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 194 (6.17%) HTTP
2 48 (1.53%) Internet
3 25 (0.79%) AMQP
4 22 (0.70%) Firewall
5 21 (0.67%) TCP/IP
6 16 (0.51%) SSL
7 14 (0.45%) Skype
8 13 (0.41%) FTP
9 12 (0.38%) RTP
10 11 (0.35%) Unified Communications
11 9 (0.29%) DNS
12 6 (0.19%) DHCP
12 6 (0.19%) SMTP
13 5 (0.16%) MQTT
13 5 (0.16%) SSH
14 4 (0.13%) 4G
14 4 (0.13%) 5G
14 4 (0.13%) RTSP
14 4 (0.13%) Wi-Fi
14 4 (0.13%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 591 (18.79%) SQL Server
2 384 (12.21%) MongoDB
3 342 (10.87%) MySQL
4 336 (10.68%) NoSQL
5 252 (8.01%) PostgreSQL
6 211 (6.71%) Relational Database
7 115 (3.66%) Redis
8 90 (2.86%) Big Data
9 68 (2.16%) Hadoop
10 65 (2.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 62 (1.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 56 (1.78%) Data Warehouse
13 50 (1.59%) SQL Server 2012
14 49 (1.56%) Power BI
15 46 (1.46%) Amazon RDS
16 44 (1.40%) Apache Hive
17 40 (1.27%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 36 (1.14%) Apache Cassandra
19 35 (1.11%) Blockchain
20 32 (1.02%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 677 (21.52%) Git (software)
2 330 (10.49%) Jenkins
3 249 (7.91%) JIRA
4 162 (5.15%) Selenium
5 151 (4.80%) JUnit
6 142 (4.51%) Maven
7 121 (3.85%) Cucumber
8 91 (2.89%) TeamCity
9 89 (2.83%) webpack
10 86 (2.73%) Visual Studio
11 78 (2.48%) Team Foundation Server
12 66 (2.10%) Gradle
13 63 (2.00%) Mockito
14 61 (1.94%) NUnit
15 57 (1.81%) gulp
16 53 (1.68%) Octopus Deploy
17 51 (1.62%) GitLab
17 51 (1.62%) Postman
18 50 (1.59%) Subversion
19 45 (1.43%) WebDriver
General
1 516 (16.40%) Finance
2 187 (5.94%) Marketing
3 136 (4.32%) Public Sector
4 127 (4.04%) Banking
5 102 (3.24%) Telecoms
6 79 (2.51%) Games
7 73 (2.32%) Retail
8 68 (2.16%) Electronics
9 66 (2.10%) Manufacturing
10 48 (1.53%) Law
11 41 (1.30%) Legal
12 39 (1.24%) Automotive
13 28 (0.89%) Advertising
14 22 (0.70%) Back Office
15 19 (0.60%) Financial Institution
16 12 (0.38%) Publishing
17 11 (0.35%) Local Government
18 8 (0.25%) Front Office
19 7 (0.22%) Investment Banking
20 5 (0.16%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 2,082 (66.18%) Developer
2 451 (14.34%) Senior Developer
3 362 (11.51%) .NET Developer
4 351 (11.16%) Java Developer
5 331 (10.52%) Full Stack Developer
6 226 (7.18%) Software Engineer
7 225 (7.15%) C# Developer
8 197 (6.26%) Software Developer
9 188 (5.98%) Architect
10 169 (5.37%) PHP Developer
11 165 (5.24%) Lead Developer
12 158 (5.02%) C# .NET Developer
13 147 (4.67%) Python Developer
14 145 (4.61%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 143 (4.55%) JavaScript Developer
16 128 (4.07%) React Developer
17 124 (3.94%) Backend Developer
18 115 (3.66%) Salesforce Developer
19 103 (3.27%) Angular Developer
20 102 (3.24%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 898 (28.54%) .NET
2 835 (26.54%) AngularJS
3 814 (25.87%) CSS
4 794 (25.24%) HTML
5 754 (23.97%) React
6 685 (21.77%) SOAP
7 671 (21.33%) Web Services
8 583 (18.53%) Node.js
9 444 (14.11%) Spring
10 426 (13.54%) .NET Core
11 400 (12.71%) JSON
12 322 (10.24%) ASP.NET
13 311 (9.89%) .NET Framework
14 303 (9.63%) XML
15 289 (9.19%) jQuery
16 268 (8.52%) HTML5
16 268 (8.52%) Vue.js
17 236 (7.50%) Kafka
18 218 (6.93%) Spring Boot
19 211 (6.71%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 293 (9.31%) User Experience
2 173 (5.50%) Analytical Skills
3 163 (5.18%) Mobile App
4 160 (5.09%) Greenfield Project
5 90 (2.86%) Self-Motivation
6 84 (2.67%) Enterprise Software
7 67 (2.13%) Data Structures
8 55 (1.75%) Blog
8 55 (1.75%) Management Information System
9 50 (1.59%) Algorithms
9 50 (1.59%) Cloud Native
10 33 (1.05%) Client/Server
11 28 (0.89%) Linux Command Line
12 24 (0.76%) Hedge funds
12 24 (0.76%) Public Cloud
13 23 (0.73%) NHS
13 23 (0.73%) Virtual Team
14 22 (0.70%) Bitcoin
15 21 (0.67%) N-Tier
16 18 (0.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 318 (10.11%) Linux
2 174 (5.53%) Windows
3 106 (3.37%) Android
4 95 (3.02%) Apple iOS
5 83 (2.64%) Unix
6 36 (1.14%) Ubuntu
7 14 (0.45%) Windows Server
8 9 (0.29%) CentOS
9 6 (0.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 5 (0.16%) Mac OS X
10 5 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
10 5 (0.16%) Windows Server 2016
11 4 (0.13%) Debian
11 4 (0.13%) Solaris
12 3 (0.095%) AIX
12 3 (0.095%) Amazon Linux
13 2 (0.064%) Embedded Linux
13 2 (0.064%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.064%) VMS
14 1 (0.032%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,517 (48.22%) Agile Software Development
2 868 (27.59%) Microservices
3 762 (24.22%) DevOps
4 691 (21.96%) TDD
5 608 (19.33%) Software Engineering
6 587 (18.66%) Test Automation
7 525 (16.69%) Scrum
8 524 (16.66%) MVC
9 409 (13.00%) Fintech
10 355 (11.28%) BDD
11 323 (10.27%) Problem-Solving
12 314 (9.98%) Continuous Integration
13 306 (9.73%) Unit Testing
14 278 (8.84%) OO
15 271 (8.61%) Mentoring
16 248 (7.88%) Front End Development
17 234 (7.44%) SDLC
18 227 (7.22%) Open Source
19 215 (6.83%) Computer Science
20 214 (6.80%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 1,547 (49.17%) JavaScript
2 952 (30.26%) C#
3 922 (29.31%) Java
4 919 (29.21%) SQL
5 575 (18.28%) Python
6 323 (10.27%) TypeScript
7 312 (9.92%) PHP
8 179 (5.69%) Java 8
9 133 (4.23%) Go
10 125 (3.97%) T-SQL
11 107 (3.40%) C++
12 106 (3.37%) Apex Code
13 73 (2.32%) PowerShell
14 64 (2.03%) ES6
15 61 (1.94%) Kotlin
16 59 (1.88%) Scala
17 58 (1.84%) SOQL
18 46 (1.46%) C
19 37 (1.18%) Bash Shell
20 36 (1.14%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 394 (12.52%) Degree
2 105 (3.34%) Computer Science Degree
3 103 (3.27%) Security Cleared
4 78 (2.48%) SC Cleared
5 37 (1.18%) ISTQB
6 36 (1.14%) ISEB
7 30 (0.95%) PhD
8 26 (0.83%) Master's Degree
9 21 (0.67%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 12 (0.38%) DV Cleared
11 11 (0.35%) DBS Check
12 8 (0.25%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 8 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
12 8 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
12 8 (0.25%) Oracle Certification
13 4 (0.13%) BPSS Clearance
13 4 (0.13%) OCP
13 4 (0.13%) TOGAF Certification
14 3 (0.095%) AWS Certification
14 3 (0.095%) MCPD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 235 (7.47%) QA
2 21 (0.67%) GDPR
3 14 (0.45%) Data Quality
4 10 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 10 (0.32%) SLA
5 9 (0.29%) HL7
6 5 (0.16%) ISO 9001
7 4 (0.13%) PCI DSS
7 4 (0.13%) PSD2
8 2 (0.064%) Government Security Classifications
8 2 (0.064%) NCSC
8 2 (0.064%) NIST
8 2 (0.064%) PMO
9 1 (0.032%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.032%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 1 (0.032%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.032%) ISO 13485
9 1 (0.032%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 678 (21.55%) Docker
2 24 (0.76%) VMware Infrastructure
3 23 (0.73%) Active Directory
4 8 (0.25%) Hyper-V
4 8 (0.25%) Postfix
4 8 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (0.22%) KVM
6 6 (0.19%) vSphere
7 4 (0.13%) Varnish
8 3 (0.095%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (0.032%) Firmware
9 1 (0.032%) HDFS
9 1 (0.032%) Terminal Services
9 1 (0.032%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 426 (13.54%) Kubernetes
2 134 (4.26%) Terraform
3 106 (3.37%) Ansible
4 56 (1.78%) Puppet
5 22 (0.70%) Single Sign-On
6 20 (0.64%) Opscode Chef
7 17 (0.54%) Kibana
8 15 (0.48%) Grafana
9 12 (0.38%) ZABBIX
10 11 (0.35%) Prometheus
11 9 (0.29%) MIIS
12 7 (0.22%) Rancher
12 7 (0.22%) Salt
13 5 (0.16%) logstash
14 4 (0.13%) Consul
14 4 (0.13%) Docker Swarm
14 4 (0.13%) FlexNet
14 4 (0.13%) Packer
15 3 (0.095%) ITRS Geneos
15 3 (0.095%) vRealize
Vendors
1 322 (10.24%) Microsoft
2 243 (7.72%) Google
3 170 (5.40%) Oracle
4 157 (4.99%) Salesforce.com
5 70 (2.23%) SAP
6 59 (1.88%) IBM
7 51 (1.62%) VMware
8 40 (1.27%) Adobe
9 38 (1.21%) Zend
10 31 (0.99%) Red Hat
11 30 (0.95%) Atlassian
12 25 (0.79%) ServiceNow
13 23 (0.73%) MuleSoft
13 23 (0.73%) Twitter
13 23 (0.73%) Xamarin
14 16 (0.51%) WSO2
15 15 (0.48%) Pega
16 14 (0.45%) Siebel
17 12 (0.38%) Informatica
18 11 (0.35%) Apple