Period
to 14 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 14 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
14 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 81 82 108
Rank change year-on-year +1 +26 +21
Permanent jobs citing REST 6,204 6,308 5,662
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.66% 3.56% 2.85%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.04% 8.76% 7.31%
Number of salaries quoted 4,898 4,960 4,898
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £34,250 £32,500 £33,750
90th Percentile £80,000 £76,250 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 68,647 71,988 77,406
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.48% 40.64% 38.96%
Number of salaries quoted 56,950 59,881 67,119
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,982 £28,750
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing REST.

Salary trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Salary histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 14 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 5,824 £55,000 +4.76% 955
UK excluding London -2 3,274 £50,000 +11.11% 603
London +6 2,833 £65,000 +8.33% 413
South East +30 1,241 £52,500 +5.00% 156
North of England -6 638 £45,000 +5.88% 128
North West +2 414 £45,000 +5.26% 79
South West -10 412 £47,500 +5.56% 83
Midlands -32 351 £47,500 +18.75% 92
East of England +9 338 £55,000 +10.00% 83
West Midlands -55 205 £52,500 +31.25% 51
Scotland +17 195 £47,500 +6.74% 32
Yorkshire -13 189 £45,000 +5.88% 43
East Midlands +12 146 £45,000 +5.88% 41
Wales +30 116 £40,000 -11.11% 21
North East -32 36 £47,500 +18.75% 6
Northern Ireland -1 11 £40,000 +17.65% 8

For the 6 months to 14 August 2018, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 3,441 (55.46%) Agile Software Development
2 2,977 (47.99%) JavaScript
3 2,919 (47.05%) Java
4 2,170 (34.98%) HTML
5 2,111 (34.03%) Web Services
6 2,050 (33.04%) SQL
7 1,958 (31.56%) CSS
8 1,838 (29.63%) C#
9 1,832 (29.53%) SOAP
10 1,779 (28.68%) TDD
11 1,731 (27.90%) .NET
12 1,497 (24.13%) AngularJS
13 1,495 (24.10%) Git (software)
14 1,424 (22.95%) MVC
15 1,362 (21.95%) Microservices
16 1,318 (21.24%) Spring
17 1,255 (20.23%) JSON
18 1,227 (19.78%) Scrum
19 1,211 (19.52%) Amazon AWS
20 1,182 (19.05%) Finance
21 1,169 (18.84%) SQL Server
22 1,126 (18.15%) DevOps
23 1,108 (17.86%) Continuous Integration
24 1,081 (17.42%) Test Automation
25 1,061 (17.10%) Software Engineering
26 1,054 (16.99%) XML
27 962 (15.51%) HTML5
28 955 (15.39%) ASP.NET
29 929 (14.97%) Microsoft Azure
30 919 (14.81%) Node.js

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 334 (5.38%) Tomcat
2 310 (5.00%) Elasticsearch
3 291 (4.69%) Confluence
4 242 (3.90%) JBoss
5 207 (3.34%) CMS
6 196 (3.16%) Apache
7 169 (2.72%) SharePoint
8 166 (2.68%) IIS
9 161 (2.60%) WebSphere
10 138 (2.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 135 (2.18%) Apache Spark
12 116 (1.87%) WebLogic
13 80 (1.29%) Mule
14 79 (1.27%) nginx
15 75 (1.21%) Drupal
16 69 (1.11%) BizTalk Server
17 67 (1.08%) SharePoint 2013
18 64 (1.03%) WordPress
19 59 (0.95%) Apache Pig
20 57 (0.92%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 19 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
2 18 (0.29%) Microsoft Excel
3 15 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (0.24%) MS Visio
4 14 (0.23%) Photoshop
5 9 (0.15%) InfoPath
6 8 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 7 (0.11%) GNU Octave
8 5 (0.081%) Adobe Illustrator
9 4 (0.064%) Chatbot
9 4 (0.064%) Maya
9 4 (0.064%) Microsoft Project
10 3 (0.048%) Adobe Premiere
10 3 (0.048%) LibreOffice
10 3 (0.048%) Weka
11 1 (0.016%) 3ds Max
11 1 (0.016%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.016%) Fireworks
11 1 (0.016%) GIMP
11 1 (0.016%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 38 (0.61%) Magento
2 17 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
3 16 (0.26%) Dynamics AX
4 15 (0.24%) Markit EDM
5 11 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
5 11 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 9 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
6 9 (0.15%) MetaTrader
6 9 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
7 8 (0.13%) SDL Web 8
8 6 (0.097%) Oracle Applications
8 6 (0.097%) R3 Corda
9 5 (0.081%) SAP Business One
10 4 (0.064%) BusinessWorks
10 4 (0.064%) Maximo
10 4 (0.064%) NetSuite
10 4 (0.064%) SAP Hybris
10 4 (0.064%) SAP SD
11 3 (0.048%) Exstream
11 3 (0.048%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 1,211 (19.52%) Amazon AWS
2 929 (14.97%) Microsoft Azure
3 339 (5.46%) SaaS
4 183 (2.95%) GitHub
5 164 (2.64%) Serverless
6 159 (2.56%) Google Cloud Platform
7 144 (2.32%) npm
8 136 (2.19%) Cloud Computing
9 131 (2.11%) PaaS
10 124 (2.00%) Amazon EC2
11 109 (1.76%) IaaS
12 85 (1.37%) Amazon S3
13 82 (1.32%) AWS Lambda
14 73 (1.18%) AWS CloudFormation
15 45 (0.73%) Slack
16 43 (0.69%) Amazon ElastiCache
17 42 (0.68%) Amazon SQS
18 38 (0.61%) Office 365
19 37 (0.60%) Route 53
19 37 (0.60%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 506 (8.16%) HTTP
2 215 (3.47%) Internet
3 141 (2.27%) SSL
4 128 (2.06%) TCP/IP
5 74 (1.19%) Firewall
6 65 (1.05%) DNS
7 40 (0.64%) FTP
8 39 (0.63%) IPv6
9 31 (0.50%) IPv4
10 27 (0.44%) Bluetooth
10 27 (0.44%) Intranet
10 27 (0.44%) SMS
11 23 (0.37%) VPN
12 20 (0.32%) Unified Communications
13 19 (0.31%) Wireshark
14 18 (0.29%) DHCP
15 17 (0.27%) AMQP
15 17 (0.27%) HTTPS
16 14 (0.23%) Kerberos
16 14 (0.23%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,169 (18.84%) SQL Server
2 759 (12.23%) NoSQL
3 639 (10.30%) MySQL
4 566 (9.12%) MongoDB
5 438 (7.06%) Relational Database
6 352 (5.67%) Big Data
7 275 (4.43%) PostgreSQL
8 184 (2.97%) Hadoop
9 176 (2.84%) Redis
10 147 (2.37%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 141 (2.27%) RDBMS
12 134 (2.16%) Apache Cassandra
13 122 (1.97%) Blockchain
14 108 (1.74%) Data Warehouse
15 98 (1.58%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 93 (1.50%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 75 (1.21%) SQL Server 2012
18 73 (1.18%) Apache Hive
19 72 (1.16%) SQL Server Analysis Services
20 69 (1.11%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 1,495 (24.10%) Git (software)
2 721 (11.62%) Jenkins
3 693 (11.17%) JIRA
4 539 (8.69%) Maven
5 490 (7.90%) JUnit
6 458 (7.38%) Selenium
7 302 (4.87%) Cucumber
8 286 (4.61%) Subversion
9 285 (4.59%) Visual Studio
10 258 (4.16%) Team Foundation Server
11 249 (4.01%) webpack
12 248 (4.00%) Gradle
13 231 (3.72%) gulp
14 204 (3.29%) Bitbucket
15 200 (3.22%) TeamCity
16 178 (2.87%) Eclipse
16 178 (2.87%) Grunt
17 174 (2.80%) Jasmine
18 149 (2.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 146 (2.35%) NUnit
General
1 1,182 (19.05%) Finance
2 521 (8.40%) Banking
3 411 (6.62%) Retail
4 252 (4.06%) Games
5 176 (2.84%) Marketing
6 149 (2.40%) Telecoms
7 134 (2.16%) Investment Banking
8 105 (1.69%) Manufacturing
9 104 (1.68%) Financial Institution
10 103 (1.66%) Advertising
11 82 (1.32%) Electronics
12 78 (1.26%) Law
13 56 (0.90%) Publishing
14 41 (0.66%) Legal
15 26 (0.42%) Front Office
16 20 (0.32%) Retail Finance
17 17 (0.27%) Automotive
18 14 (0.23%) Multimedia
19 10 (0.16%) Back Office
20 8 (0.13%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 3,955 (63.75%) Developer
2 1,247 (20.10%) Java Developer
3 909 (14.65%) Senior Developer
4 652 (10.51%) .NET Developer
5 607 (9.78%) C# Developer
6 518 (8.35%) Software Engineer
7 447 (7.21%) Architect
8 395 (6.37%) JavaScript Developer
9 374 (6.03%) C# .NET Developer
10 367 (5.92%) Senior Java Developer
11 359 (5.79%) Software Developer
12 335 (5.40%) Java Engineer
13 309 (4.98%) Lead Developer
14 307 (4.95%) Full Stack Developer
15 271 (4.37%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 244 (3.93%) PHP Developer
17 208 (3.35%) Web Developer
18 193 (3.11%) Analyst
19 177 (2.85%) Java Software Engineer
19 177 (2.85%) Senior C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,170 (34.98%) HTML
2 2,111 (34.03%) Web Services
3 1,958 (31.56%) CSS
4 1,832 (29.53%) SOAP
5 1,731 (27.90%) .NET
6 1,497 (24.13%) AngularJS
7 1,318 (21.24%) Spring
8 1,255 (20.23%) JSON
9 1,054 (16.99%) XML
10 962 (15.51%) HTML5
11 955 (15.39%) ASP.NET
12 919 (14.81%) Node.js
13 893 (14.39%) React
14 654 (10.54%) jQuery
15 596 (9.61%) ASP.NET Web API
16 535 (8.62%) .NET Framework
17 515 (8.30%) Hibernate
18 509 (8.20%) CSS3
19 497 (8.01%) RESTful
20 494 (7.96%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 546 (8.80%) User Experience
2 454 (7.32%) Computer Science
3 376 (6.06%) Analytical Skills
4 359 (5.79%) Mobile App
5 352 (5.67%) Fintech
6 321 (5.17%) Greenfield Project
7 308 (4.96%) Enterprise Software
8 235 (3.79%) Self-Motivation
9 106 (1.71%) Data Structures
10 101 (1.63%) Algorithms
11 84 (1.35%) Virtual Team
12 80 (1.29%) Linux Command Line
13 73 (1.18%) Management Information System
14 72 (1.16%) Cyberthreat
15 55 (0.89%) Public Cloud
16 48 (0.77%) Social Media
17 39 (0.63%) Online Games
18 38 (0.61%) Cloud Native
19 36 (0.58%) Smartphone
20 32 (0.52%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 806 (12.99%) Linux
2 467 (7.53%) Windows
3 300 (4.84%) Android
4 251 (4.05%) Apple iOS
5 215 (3.47%) Unix
6 81 (1.31%) Windows Server
7 43 (0.69%) Mac OS X
8 40 (0.64%) Ubuntu
9 36 (0.58%) CentOS
10 33 (0.53%) Solaris
11 31 (0.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 21 (0.34%) FreeBSD
13 13 (0.21%) Debian
13 13 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
14 9 (0.15%) VMS
15 8 (0.13%) Amazon Linux
15 8 (0.13%) Windows Mobile
16 7 (0.11%) AIX
17 6 (0.097%) HPUX
18 4 (0.064%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,441 (55.46%) Agile Software Development
2 1,779 (28.68%) TDD
3 1,424 (22.95%) MVC
4 1,362 (21.95%) Microservices
5 1,227 (19.78%) Scrum
6 1,126 (18.15%) DevOps
7 1,108 (17.86%) Continuous Integration
8 1,081 (17.42%) Test Automation
9 1,061 (17.10%) Software Engineering
10 881 (14.20%) BDD
11 829 (13.36%) OO
12 767 (12.36%) Problem-Solving
13 759 (12.23%) SOA
14 758 (12.22%) Web Development
15 608 (9.80%) Unit Testing
16 516 (8.32%) SDLC
17 488 (7.87%) Open Source
18 430 (6.93%) Front End Development
19 402 (6.48%) E-Commerce
20 388 (6.25%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 2,977 (47.99%) JavaScript
2 2,919 (47.05%) Java
3 2,050 (33.04%) SQL
4 1,838 (29.63%) C#
5 901 (14.52%) Python
6 634 (10.22%) Java 8
7 621 (10.01%) PHP
8 309 (4.98%) PowerShell
9 272 (4.38%) Ruby
10 248 (4.00%) ES6
11 246 (3.97%) C++
12 244 (3.93%) Scala
12 244 (3.93%) TypeScript
13 222 (3.58%) T-SQL
14 173 (2.79%) Apex Code
15 164 (2.64%) PL/SQL
16 156 (2.51%) Bash Shell
17 148 (2.39%) C
18 128 (2.06%) Perl
19 112 (1.81%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 722 (11.64%) Degree
2 218 (3.51%) Computer Science Degree
3 160 (2.58%) Security Cleared
4 80 (1.29%) Microsoft Certification
5 77 (1.24%) SC Cleared
6 50 (0.81%) DV Cleared
7 45 (0.73%) CISSP
7 45 (0.73%) ISEB
7 45 (0.73%) SANS
8 41 (0.66%) CCNA
8 41 (0.66%) Cisco Certification
9 40 (0.64%) ISTQB
9 40 (0.64%) MCSE
10 39 (0.63%) CompTIA Security+
10 39 (0.63%) GIAC
10 39 (0.63%) Linux+ Certification
10 39 (0.63%) Network+ Certification
10 39 (0.63%) SSCP
11 38 (0.61%) PhD
12 32 (0.52%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 517 (8.33%) QA
2 39 (0.63%) GCP
3 27 (0.44%) PCI DSS
4 22 (0.35%) GDPR
5 20 (0.32%) Data Quality
5 20 (0.32%) WCAG
6 17 (0.27%) PSD2
6 17 (0.27%) SLA
7 6 (0.097%) ISO 9001
7 6 (0.097%) PMO
8 5 (0.081%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 5 (0.081%) PA-DSS
8 5 (0.081%) Web Application Security Consortium
9 4 (0.064%) COBIT
9 4 (0.064%) MiFID
10 3 (0.048%) ISO 20022
11 2 (0.032%) Solvency II
12 1 (0.016%) Disclosure Scotland
12 1 (0.016%) ISO 8583
12 1 (0.016%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 778 (12.54%) Docker
2 86 (1.39%) Active Directory
3 53 (0.85%) vSphere
4 45 (0.73%) VMware Infrastructure
5 29 (0.47%) Hyper-V
6 21 (0.34%) HDFS
7 19 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
8 13 (0.21%) Varnish
9 11 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
10 10 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 9 (0.15%) iptables
12 7 (0.11%) VMware Server
13 6 (0.097%) Apache Flume
14 5 (0.081%) Firmware
15 4 (0.064%) ACF2
15 4 (0.064%) RACF
16 3 (0.048%) Oracle RAC
17 2 (0.032%) KVM
17 2 (0.032%) oVirt
17 2 (0.032%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 254 (4.09%) Ansible
2 224 (3.61%) Kubernetes
3 196 (3.16%) Puppet
4 173 (2.79%) Opscode Chef
5 116 (1.87%) Terraform
6 48 (0.77%) Salt
7 45 (0.73%) Kibana
8 37 (0.60%) logstash
9 32 (0.52%) Single Sign-On
10 21 (0.34%) Icinga
11 19 (0.31%) Packer
12 13 (0.21%) Docker Swarm
12 13 (0.21%) Mesos
13 12 (0.19%) Nagios
14 11 (0.18%) Graphite
14 11 (0.18%) Rancher
15 10 (0.16%) Consul
16 9 (0.15%) Perfmon
17 8 (0.13%) HP ALM
17 8 (0.13%) Oozie
Vendors
1 685 (11.04%) Microsoft
2 542 (8.74%) Oracle
3 303 (4.88%) Google
4 275 (4.43%) Salesforce.com
5 172 (2.77%) IBM
6 118 (1.90%) SAP
7 100 (1.61%) Atlassian
8 78 (1.26%) Capita
9 71 (1.14%) Splunk
9 71 (1.14%) VMware
10 69 (1.11%) TIBCO
11 61 (0.98%) MuleSoft
11 61 (0.98%) Xamarin
12 60 (0.97%) Sitecore
13 59 (0.95%) Apple
14 58 (0.93%) ServiceNow
15 54 (0.87%) AppDynamics
16 52 (0.84%) Adobe
17 48 (0.77%) Zend
18 44 (0.71%) New Relic