Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 61 69 70
Rank change year-on-year +8 +1 +17
Permanent jobs citing REST 5,879 2,729 5,049
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.59% 4.31% 4.01%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.95% 10.16% 10.49%
Number of salaries quoted 3,152 2,192 3,959
10th Percentile £41,250 £36,250 £35,000
25th Percentile £51,250 £45,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% -
75th Percentile £82,500 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £50,525 £47,500
% change year-on-year +13.81% +6.37% -4.04%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 49,181 26,871 48,148
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.40% 42.46% 38.26%
Number of salaries quoted 30,350 23,073 39,856
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £81,250 £73,750 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £54,100 £50,000 £45,591
% change year-on-year +8.20% +9.67% +1.31%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing REST.

Salary trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Salary histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +6 5,047 £65,000 +8.33% 777
London +12 3,088 £72,500 +3.57% 386
UK excluding London -23 2,073 £57,500 +13.81% 442
Work from Home +1 1,425 £67,500 +22.73% 190
South East -20 631 £59,000 +7.27% 89
North of England -45 459 £55,000 +10.00% 127
Midlands -27 384 £55,000 +10.00% 75
North West -35 262 £57,500 +4.55% 81
West Midlands -34 256 £55,000 +4.76% 43
South West +2 242 £60,000 +20.00% 48
Yorkshire -30 177 £50,000 +11.11% 35
Scotland 0 153 £65,000 +30.00% 51
East of England -72 145 £65,000 +8.33% 38
East Midlands -14 128 £52,500 +25.00% 32
Wales -24 48 £60,000 +20.00% 12
North East -37 21 £45,000 +2.86% 11
Northern Ireland -42 14 £37,500 -16.67% 2

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 3,006 (51.13%) Agile Software Development
2 2,555 (43.46%) JavaScript
3 2,086 (35.48%) Java
4 1,760 (29.94%) Microservices
5 1,752 (29.80%) React
6 1,712 (29.12%) AWS
7 1,558 (26.50%) SQL
8 1,465 (24.92%) Git (software)
9 1,454 (24.73%) HTML
10 1,450 (24.66%) Docker
11 1,427 (24.27%) Software Engineering
12 1,422 (24.19%) CI/CD
13 1,383 (23.52%) CSS
14 1,365 (23.22%) Azure
15 1,352 (23.00%) C#
16 1,350 (22.96%) DevOps
17 1,263 (21.48%) Python
18 1,224 (20.82%) Finance
19 1,170 (19.90%) Node.js
20 1,130 (19.22%) TDD
21 1,126 (19.15%) .NET
22 1,098 (18.68%) AngularJS
23 1,071 (18.22%) Web Services
24 1,065 (18.12%) Test Automation
25 1,064 (18.10%) Social Skills
26 1,042 (17.72%) Kubernetes
27 1,041 (17.71%) Spring
28 1,039 (17.67%) SOAP
29 1,030 (17.52%) Scrum
30 1,023 (17.40%) Full Stack Development

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 228 (3.88%) CMS
2 215 (3.66%) Elasticsearch
3 212 (3.61%) Confluence
4 152 (2.59%) Apache
5 98 (1.67%) SharePoint
6 92 (1.56%) Apache Spark
7 86 (1.46%) Tomcat
8 80 (1.36%) nginx
9 74 (1.26%) WordPress
10 71 (1.21%) IIS
11 65 (1.11%) Umbraco
12 51 (0.87%) Mule
13 50 (0.85%) Anypoint
14 40 (0.68%) Apache Airflow
14 40 (0.68%) Mule ESB
15 38 (0.65%) JBoss
16 36 (0.61%) Jetty
17 32 (0.54%) OpenStack
18 29 (0.49%) Headless CMS
19 28 (0.48%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 33 (0.56%) Adobe XD
1 33 (0.56%) Microsoft Office
2 20 (0.34%) Microsoft Excel
3 17 (0.29%) Sketch
4 16 (0.27%) Chatbot
5 14 (0.24%) InVision
6 13 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
7 11 (0.19%) MS Visio
7 11 (0.19%) OmniGraffle
8 9 (0.15%) Photoshop
9 4 (0.068%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 3 (0.051%) Adobe Illustrator
10 3 (0.051%) Microsoft Project
11 2 (0.034%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 2 (0.034%) Zeplin
12 1 (0.017%) Doxygen
12 1 (0.017%) MadCap Flare
Business Applications
1 48 (0.82%) Dynamics CRM
2 40 (0.68%) Shopify
3 36 (0.61%) Magento
4 32 (0.54%) Payment Gateway
5 23 (0.39%) SAP Business One
6 13 (0.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 8 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
7 8 (0.14%) NetSuite
7 8 (0.14%) R3 Corda
8 7 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
8 7 (0.12%) Maximo
9 6 (0.10%) Adobe Campaign
10 5 (0.085%) Elite 3E
11 4 (0.068%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
11 4 (0.068%) Oracle ERP
11 4 (0.068%) SAP S/4HANA
12 3 (0.051%) Remedy ITSM
12 3 (0.051%) SAP Hybris
13 2 (0.034%) Oracle Assets
13 2 (0.034%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 1,712 (29.12%) AWS
2 1,365 (23.22%) Azure
3 641 (10.90%) Serverless
4 638 (10.85%) GCP
5 533 (9.07%) SaaS
6 513 (8.73%) GitHub
7 212 (3.61%) AWS Lambda
8 211 (3.59%) Amazon S3
9 206 (3.50%) npm
10 184 (3.13%) Cloud Computing
11 170 (2.89%) OpenShift
12 156 (2.65%) Amazon EC2
13 139 (2.36%) Power Platform
14 128 (2.18%) iPaaS
15 110 (1.87%) PaaS
16 99 (1.68%) Amazon SQS
17 87 (1.48%) GitHub Actions
17 87 (1.48%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
18 81 (1.38%) Amazon ECS
19 76 (1.29%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 421 (7.16%) HTTP
2 96 (1.63%) Internet
3 91 (1.55%) Broadband
4 49 (0.83%) TCP/IP
5 42 (0.71%) SSL
6 38 (0.65%) Bluetooth
7 31 (0.53%) 5G
8 29 (0.49%) DNS
8 29 (0.49%) MQTT
9 23 (0.39%) SSH
10 22 (0.37%) DVB
11 20 (0.34%) Firewall
12 18 (0.31%) VoIP
13 17 (0.29%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
13 17 (0.29%) Wi-Fi
14 16 (0.27%) FTP
15 13 (0.22%) HTTPS
16 11 (0.19%) NFC
16 11 (0.19%) ZigBee
17 10 (0.17%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 746 (12.69%) PostgreSQL
2 733 (12.47%) MySQL
3 732 (12.45%) SQL Server
4 698 (11.87%) NoSQL
5 578 (9.83%) Relational Database
6 486 (8.27%) MongoDB
7 388 (6.60%) Redis
8 183 (3.11%) Big Data
9 179 (3.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 134 (2.28%) RDBMS
11 131 (2.23%) Amazon RDS
12 110 (1.87%) Power BI
13 109 (1.85%) Hadoop
14 107 (1.82%) Blockchain
15 95 (1.62%) Apache Cassandra
15 95 (1.62%) Data Warehouse
16 76 (1.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 74 (1.26%) Amazon Aurora
18 65 (1.11%) MariaDB
19 57 (0.97%) HBase
Development Applications
1 1,465 (24.92%) Git (software)
2 904 (15.38%) Jenkins
3 484 (8.23%) JIRA
4 480 (8.16%) Selenium
5 329 (5.60%) Cucumber
6 325 (5.53%) Postman
7 297 (5.05%) JUnit
8 275 (4.68%) webpack
9 260 (4.42%) GitLab
10 254 (4.32%) Maven
11 229 (3.90%) Cypress.io
12 205 (3.49%) TeamCity
13 191 (3.25%) Bitbucket
14 152 (2.59%) Mockito
15 137 (2.33%) SpecFlow
16 126 (2.14%) JMeter
17 111 (1.89%) Visual Studio
18 110 (1.87%) Subversion
19 109 (1.85%) Team Foundation Server
20 108 (1.84%) Gradle
General
1 1,224 (20.82%) Finance
2 1,064 (18.10%) Social Skills
3 541 (9.20%) Analytical Skills
4 351 (5.97%) Marketing
5 319 (5.43%) Banking
6 318 (5.41%) Retail
7 260 (4.42%) Games
8 205 (3.49%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 125 (2.13%) Law
10 109 (1.85%) Public Sector
11 84 (1.43%) Publishing
12 76 (1.29%) Presentation Skills
12 76 (1.29%) Telecoms
13 72 (1.22%) Manufacturing
14 68 (1.16%) Advertising
14 68 (1.16%) Financial Institution
15 55 (0.94%) Legal
15 55 (0.94%) Pharmaceutical
16 47 (0.80%) Organisational Skills
17 46 (0.78%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 3,306 (56.23%) Developer
2 884 (15.04%) Senior Developer
3 751 (12.77%) Software Engineer
4 633 (10.77%) Java Developer
5 384 (6.53%) Full Stack Developer
6 343 (5.83%) Software Developer
7 338 (5.75%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 325 (5.53%) .NET Developer
9 306 (5.20%) Senior Software Engineer
10 283 (4.81%) Architect
11 227 (3.86%) Lead Developer
12 218 (3.71%) React Developer
13 215 (3.66%) Java Engineer
14 193 (3.28%) Backend Developer
15 179 (3.04%) Senior Java Developer
16 171 (2.91%) JavaScript Developer
16 171 (2.91%) PHP Developer
17 163 (2.77%) C# Developer
18 154 (2.62%) Analyst
19 145 (2.47%) QA Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,752 (29.80%) React
2 1,454 (24.73%) HTML
3 1,383 (23.52%) CSS
4 1,170 (19.90%) Node.js
5 1,126 (19.15%) .NET
6 1,098 (18.68%) AngularJS
7 1,071 (18.22%) Web Services
8 1,041 (17.71%) Spring
9 1,039 (17.67%) SOAP
10 819 (13.93%) JSON
11 732 (12.45%) GraphQL
12 689 (11.72%) Spring Boot
13 617 (10.49%) XML
14 616 (10.48%) HTML5
15 524 (8.91%) RESTful
16 478 (8.13%) .NET Framework
17 451 (7.67%) ASP.NET
17 451 (7.67%) Redux
18 446 (7.59%) jQuery
19 433 (7.37%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 761 (12.94%) User Experience
2 420 (7.14%) Greenfield Project
3 371 (6.31%) Mobile App
4 357 (6.07%) Self-Motivation
5 234 (3.98%) Virtual Team
6 190 (3.23%) Algorithms
7 165 (2.81%) Data Structures
8 146 (2.48%) Cloud Native
9 142 (2.42%) Enterprise Software
10 137 (2.33%) Management Information System
11 128 (2.18%) Social Media
12 123 (2.09%) Blog
13 116 (1.97%) Public Cloud
14 99 (1.68%) Linux Command Line
15 68 (1.16%) Client/Server
16 51 (0.87%) iPad
17 48 (0.82%) Over-the-Top Content
18 42 (0.71%) Legacy Systems
18 42 (0.71%) Life Science
18 42 (0.71%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 708 (12.04%) Linux
2 306 (5.20%) Android
3 285 (4.85%) Apple iOS
4 275 (4.68%) Windows
5 249 (4.24%) Unix
6 57 (0.97%) Windows Server
7 35 (0.60%) Mac OS
8 26 (0.44%) Ubuntu
9 15 (0.26%) Mesosphere
10 14 (0.24%) Embedded Linux
11 11 (0.19%) Mac OS X
12 10 (0.17%) Debian
13 8 (0.14%) CentOS
14 6 (0.10%) VMS
15 3 (0.051%) Fedora
15 3 (0.051%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 3 (0.051%) tvOS
16 2 (0.034%) Solaris
16 2 (0.034%) Windows Server 2008
17 1 (0.017%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,006 (51.13%) Agile Software Development
2 1,760 (29.94%) Microservices
3 1,427 (24.27%) Software Engineering
4 1,422 (24.19%) CI/CD
5 1,350 (22.96%) DevOps
6 1,130 (19.22%) TDD
7 1,065 (18.12%) Test Automation
8 1,030 (17.52%) Scrum
9 1,023 (17.40%) Full Stack Development
10 937 (15.94%) Problem-Solving
11 870 (14.80%) Continuous Integration
12 635 (10.80%) OO
13 628 (10.68%) Mentoring
14 626 (10.65%) BDD
15 596 (10.14%) MVC
16 591 (10.05%) Unit Testing
17 576 (9.80%) Computer Science
18 573 (9.75%) Front End Development
19 525 (8.93%) Web Development
20 473 (8.05%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 2,555 (43.46%) JavaScript
2 2,086 (35.48%) Java
3 1,558 (26.50%) SQL
4 1,352 (23.00%) C#
5 1,263 (21.48%) Python
6 995 (16.92%) TypeScript
7 578 (9.83%) PHP
8 302 (5.14%) Java 8
9 292 (4.97%) Go
10 288 (4.90%) ES6
11 239 (4.07%) C++
12 232 (3.95%) Kotlin
13 198 (3.37%) PowerShell
14 156 (2.65%) C
15 144 (2.45%) Java 11
16 133 (2.26%) Shell Script
17 129 (2.19%) Apex Code
18 126 (2.14%) Ruby
19 120 (2.04%) T-SQL
20 107 (1.82%) Perl
Qualifications
1 732 (12.45%) Degree
2 337 (5.73%) Computer Science Degree
3 257 (4.37%) Security Cleared
4 221 (3.76%) SC Cleared
5 42 (0.71%) Master's Degree
6 41 (0.70%) Microsoft Certification
7 32 (0.54%) Numerate Degree
8 26 (0.44%) ISTQB
9 13 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
9 13 (0.22%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 13 (0.22%) PhD
10 12 (0.20%) DV Cleared
10 12 (0.20%) ISEB
11 11 (0.19%) AWS Certification
11 11 (0.19%) ITIL Certification
12 9 (0.15%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
13 8 (0.14%) OCP
13 8 (0.14%) Oracle Certification
14 7 (0.12%) PRINCE2 Certification
15 6 (0.10%) MCPD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 740 (12.59%) QA
2 163 (2.77%) Accessibility
3 40 (0.68%) Data Quality
4 24 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 17 (0.29%) GDPR
5 17 (0.29%) SLA
6 16 (0.27%) PCI DSS
7 13 (0.22%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 13 (0.22%) GxP
8 12 (0.20%) WCAG
9 11 (0.19%) GRC
10 10 (0.17%) SEPA
11 7 (0.12%) COBIT
12 5 (0.085%) FATCA
12 5 (0.085%) SNOMED CT
13 4 (0.068%) DICOM
14 3 (0.051%) HIPAA
14 3 (0.051%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 3 (0.051%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 2 (0.034%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 1,450 (24.66%) Docker
2 58 (0.99%) Active Directory
3 34 (0.58%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (0.27%) VMware ESXi
5 14 (0.24%) Varnish
6 10 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 10 (0.17%) HDFS
6 10 (0.17%) Postfix
7 9 (0.15%) Hyper-V
7 9 (0.15%) KVM
7 9 (0.15%) Xen
8 7 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
9 5 (0.085%) vSphere
10 4 (0.068%) Firmware
10 4 (0.068%) vCloud
11 2 (0.034%) GridGain
11 2 (0.034%) NFS
12 1 (0.017%) NDS
12 1 (0.017%) OpenAM
12 1 (0.017%) OpenIDM
Systems Management
1 1,042 (17.72%) Kubernetes
2 368 (6.26%) Terraform
3 251 (4.27%) Ansible
4 144 (2.45%) Prometheus
5 121 (2.06%) Opscode Chef
6 117 (1.99%) Grafana
7 81 (1.38%) Kibana
7 81 (1.38%) Puppet
8 69 (1.17%) logstash
9 40 (0.68%) Single Sign-On
10 36 (0.61%) Istio
11 28 (0.48%) Hadoop YARN
12 26 (0.44%) Opsgenie
13 25 (0.43%) MIIS
14 21 (0.36%) Docker Swarm
15 19 (0.32%) Rancher
16 18 (0.31%) HAProxy
16 18 (0.31%) ZABBIX
17 17 (0.29%) Consul
18 16 (0.27%) Automic
Vendors
1 666 (11.33%) Microsoft
2 403 (6.85%) Google
3 368 (6.26%) Oracle
4 236 (4.01%) Salesforce.com
5 175 (2.98%) MuleSoft
6 123 (2.09%) ServiceNow
7 121 (2.06%) SAP
8 87 (1.48%) Dell
9 78 (1.33%) IBM
10 75 (1.28%) Red Hat
11 74 (1.26%) Splunk
12 55 (0.94%) Atlassian
13 52 (0.88%) VMware
14 51 (0.87%) Adobe
15 44 (0.75%) Apple
16 40 (0.68%) New Relic
16 40 (0.68%) Zend
17 38 (0.65%) Spotify
18 33 (0.56%) LexisNexis
19 31 (0.53%) PayPal