Period
to 22 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 22 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
22 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 83 83 121
Rank change year-on-year 0 +38 +24
Permanent jobs citing REST 6,263 5,895 5,432
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.61% 3.41% 2.70%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 8.84% 8.38% 6.96%
Number of salaries quoted 4,987 4,777 4,701
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 70,861 70,360 78,082
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.83% 40.70% 38.85%
Number of salaries quoted 59,170 59,526 67,461
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,750 £28,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing REST.

Salary trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 22 June 2018.

Salary histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 22 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 5,874 £55,000 +4.76% 974
UK excluding London +1 3,310 £47,500 +5.56% 588
London +7 2,863 £65,000 +8.33% 443
South East +18 1,238 £52,500 +5.00% 164
North of England +1 676 £45,000 +5.88% 142
North West +20 459 £45,000 +5.88% 89
South West -20 410 £47,500 +5.56% 71
Midlands -32 349 £47,500 +18.75% 81
East of England +14 331 £55,000 +10.00% 73
Scotland +28 221 £45,000 - 28
West Midlands -50 207 £47,500 +18.75% 56
Yorkshire -46 168 £45,000 +5.88% 46
East Midlands +27 142 £47,500 +11.76% 25
Wales +7 106 £40,000 -11.64% 19
North East -21 50 £46,750 +23.03% 7
Northern Ireland +6 6 £32,500 -13.33% 10

For the 6 months to 22 June 2018, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 3,541 (56.54%) Agile Software Development
2 3,037 (48.49%) JavaScript
3 2,949 (47.09%) Java
4 2,161 (34.50%) HTML
5 2,134 (34.07%) Web Services
6 2,076 (33.15%) SQL
7 1,955 (31.22%) CSS
8 1,839 (29.36%) SOAP
9 1,829 (29.20%) C#
10 1,782 (28.45%) TDD
11 1,720 (27.46%) .NET
12 1,523 (24.32%) MVC
13 1,517 (24.22%) AngularJS
14 1,512 (24.14%) Git (software)
15 1,359 (21.70%) Microservices
16 1,349 (21.54%) Spring
17 1,279 (20.42%) JSON
18 1,245 (19.88%) Scrum
19 1,234 (19.70%) Amazon AWS
20 1,220 (19.48%) SQL Server
21 1,189 (18.98%) Finance
22 1,157 (18.47%) Continuous Integration
23 1,124 (17.95%) Software Engineering
24 1,064 (16.99%) DevOps
25 1,060 (16.92%) Test Automation
26 1,045 (16.69%) XML
27 966 (15.42%) ASP.NET
28 933 (14.90%) HTML5
29 921 (14.71%) OO
30 911 (14.55%) Microsoft Azure

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 363 (5.80%) Tomcat
2 296 (4.73%) Elasticsearch
3 292 (4.66%) Confluence
4 261 (4.17%) JBoss
5 209 (3.34%) Apache
6 208 (3.32%) SharePoint
7 184 (2.94%) CMS
8 173 (2.76%) WebSphere
9 141 (2.25%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 139 (2.22%) IIS
11 132 (2.11%) Apache Spark
12 104 (1.66%) WebLogic
13 95 (1.52%) SharePoint 2013
14 94 (1.50%) Mule
15 78 (1.25%) Drupal
16 70 (1.12%) nginx
17 66 (1.05%) Umbraco
18 60 (0.96%) BizTalk Server
19 59 (0.94%) Cloud Foundry
20 50 (0.80%) WordPress
Applications
1 18 (0.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
3 14 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
4 13 (0.21%) InfoPath
4 13 (0.21%) MS Visio
4 13 (0.21%) Photoshop
5 11 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 8 (0.13%) GNU Octave
7 6 (0.096%) Microsoft Project
8 5 (0.080%) Adobe Illustrator
8 5 (0.080%) Weka
9 4 (0.064%) Chatbot
10 2 (0.032%) Adobe Premiere
10 2 (0.032%) AutoCAD
10 2 (0.032%) LibreOffice
10 2 (0.032%) Revit
11 1 (0.016%) 3ds Max
11 1 (0.016%) Fireworks
11 1 (0.016%) GIMP
11 1 (0.016%) Maya
Business Applications
1 41 (0.65%) Magento
2 29 (0.46%) Dynamics CRM
3 19 (0.30%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 15 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
4 15 (0.24%) MetaTrader
5 13 (0.21%) NetSuite
5 13 (0.21%) Remedy ITSM
6 11 (0.18%) Markit EDM
7 8 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
8 7 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
8 7 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
8 7 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
9 6 (0.096%) Oracle Applications
10 5 (0.080%) SDL Web 8
11 4 (0.064%) Maximo
11 4 (0.064%) SAP Hybris
12 3 (0.048%) Elite 3E
12 3 (0.048%) Ripple
12 3 (0.048%) SAP Business One
13 2 (0.032%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 1,234 (19.70%) Amazon AWS
2 911 (14.55%) Microsoft Azure
3 367 (5.86%) SaaS
4 200 (3.19%) GitHub
5 170 (2.71%) Serverless
6 158 (2.52%) Cloud Computing
6 158 (2.52%) npm
7 155 (2.47%) PaaS
8 152 (2.43%) Google Cloud Platform
9 115 (1.84%) IaaS
10 102 (1.63%) Amazon EC2
11 87 (1.39%) AWS Lambda
12 72 (1.15%) AWS CloudFormation
13 65 (1.04%) Slack
14 61 (0.97%) Amazon S3
15 52 (0.83%) Force.com
15 52 (0.83%) Office 365
16 49 (0.78%) Amazon SQS
17 38 (0.61%) OpenShift
18 36 (0.57%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 524 (8.37%) HTTP
2 231 (3.69%) Internet
3 116 (1.85%) SSL
4 103 (1.64%) TCP/IP
5 60 (0.96%) DNS
6 47 (0.75%) Firewall
7 44 (0.70%) FTP
8 43 (0.69%) Intranet
9 29 (0.46%) IPv6
9 29 (0.46%) SMS
10 28 (0.45%) IPv4
11 22 (0.35%) Bluetooth
12 20 (0.32%) DHCP
12 20 (0.32%) SMPP
12 20 (0.32%) SSH
13 19 (0.30%) Wireshark
14 18 (0.29%) Kerberos
14 18 (0.29%) VPN
15 17 (0.27%) Network Security
16 16 (0.26%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,220 (19.48%) SQL Server
2 779 (12.44%) NoSQL
3 690 (11.02%) MySQL
4 626 (10.00%) MongoDB
5 467 (7.46%) Relational Database
6 331 (5.29%) Big Data
7 270 (4.31%) PostgreSQL
8 173 (2.76%) Hadoop
9 166 (2.65%) Redis
10 164 (2.62%) RDBMS
11 148 (2.36%) Apache Cassandra
12 138 (2.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 122 (1.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 108 (1.72%) Data Warehouse
15 93 (1.48%) Blockchain
16 92 (1.47%) Neo4j
17 88 (1.41%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 83 (1.33%) SQL Server 2012
19 81 (1.29%) SQL Server Analysis Services
20 68 (1.09%) HBase
Development Applications
1 1,512 (24.14%) Git (software)
2 742 (11.85%) Jenkins
3 673 (10.75%) JIRA
4 588 (9.39%) Maven
5 466 (7.44%) JUnit
6 457 (7.30%) Selenium
7 331 (5.29%) Subversion
8 314 (5.01%) Visual Studio
9 309 (4.93%) Team Foundation Server
10 297 (4.74%) Cucumber
11 217 (3.46%) Gradle
12 198 (3.16%) gulp
13 194 (3.10%) webpack
14 192 (3.07%) Jasmine
15 166 (2.65%) Eclipse
16 160 (2.55%) Bitbucket
17 155 (2.47%) TeamCity
18 151 (2.41%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 147 (2.35%) Grunt
20 145 (2.32%) Mocha
General
1 1,189 (18.98%) Finance
2 493 (7.87%) Banking
3 423 (6.75%) Retail
4 243 (3.88%) Games
5 222 (3.54%) Marketing
6 191 (3.05%) Telecoms
7 155 (2.47%) Advertising
8 130 (2.08%) Investment Banking
9 122 (1.95%) Financial Institution
10 93 (1.48%) Manufacturing
11 83 (1.33%) Electronics
12 71 (1.13%) Law
13 58 (0.93%) Publishing
14 45 (0.72%) Legal
15 23 (0.37%) Automotive
16 21 (0.34%) Front Office
17 12 (0.19%) Multimedia
18 11 (0.18%) Military
19 10 (0.16%) Back Office
19 10 (0.16%) Billing
Job Titles
1 4,006 (63.96%) Developer
2 1,248 (19.93%) Java Developer
3 918 (14.66%) Senior Developer
4 655 (10.46%) .NET Developer
5 641 (10.23%) C# Developer
6 490 (7.82%) Software Engineer
7 453 (7.23%) Architect
8 400 (6.39%) JavaScript Developer
9 397 (6.34%) Software Developer
10 387 (6.18%) C# .NET Developer
11 354 (5.65%) Senior Java Developer
12 325 (5.19%) Lead Developer
13 304 (4.85%) Java Engineer
14 271 (4.33%) PHP Developer
15 268 (4.28%) Full Stack Developer
16 267 (4.26%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 221 (3.53%) Web Developer
18 182 (2.91%) Angular Developer
19 175 (2.79%) Senior C# Developer
20 162 (2.59%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,161 (34.50%) HTML
2 2,134 (34.07%) Web Services
3 1,955 (31.22%) CSS
4 1,839 (29.36%) SOAP
5 1,720 (27.46%) .NET
6 1,517 (24.22%) AngularJS
7 1,349 (21.54%) Spring
8 1,279 (20.42%) JSON
9 1,045 (16.69%) XML
10 966 (15.42%) ASP.NET
11 933 (14.90%) HTML5
12 902 (14.40%) Node.js
13 832 (13.28%) React
14 733 (11.70%) jQuery
15 584 (9.32%) Hibernate
16 543 (8.67%) ASP.NET Web API
17 532 (8.49%) ASP.NET MVC
18 499 (7.97%) .NET Framework
19 489 (7.81%) CSS3
20 482 (7.70%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 570 (9.10%) User Experience
2 543 (8.67%) Computer Science
3 406 (6.48%) Mobile App
4 378 (6.04%) Analytical Skills
5 373 (5.96%) Enterprise Software
6 332 (5.30%) Fintech
7 330 (5.27%) Greenfield Project
8 246 (3.93%) Self-Motivation
9 115 (1.84%) Algorithms
10 114 (1.82%) Data Structures
11 106 (1.69%) Linux Command Line
12 80 (1.28%) Management Information System
13 78 (1.25%) Virtual Team
14 69 (1.10%) Cyberthreat
15 60 (0.96%) Public Cloud
16 39 (0.62%) Data Centre
17 37 (0.59%) Internet of Things
17 37 (0.59%) Social Media
18 33 (0.53%) Hedge funds
19 32 (0.51%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 867 (13.84%) Linux
2 452 (7.22%) Windows
3 285 (4.55%) Android
4 277 (4.42%) Unix
5 233 (3.72%) Apple iOS
6 77 (1.23%) Windows Server
7 48 (0.77%) Solaris
8 40 (0.64%) CentOS
9 35 (0.56%) Ubuntu
10 33 (0.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 25 (0.40%) Mac OS X
12 20 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
13 18 (0.29%) FreeBSD
14 16 (0.26%) Debian
15 12 (0.19%) Windows Mobile
16 11 (0.18%) HPUX
17 8 (0.13%) Amazon Linux
18 7 (0.11%) AIX
19 6 (0.096%) VMS
20 4 (0.064%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,541 (56.54%) Agile Software Development
2 1,782 (28.45%) TDD
3 1,523 (24.32%) MVC
4 1,359 (21.70%) Microservices
5 1,245 (19.88%) Scrum
6 1,157 (18.47%) Continuous Integration
7 1,124 (17.95%) Software Engineering
8 1,064 (16.99%) DevOps
9 1,060 (16.92%) Test Automation
10 921 (14.71%) OO
11 882 (14.08%) BDD
12 785 (12.53%) Web Development
13 751 (11.99%) SOA
14 726 (11.59%) Problem-Solving
15 638 (10.19%) Unit Testing
16 563 (8.99%) SDLC
17 456 (7.28%) Open Source
18 450 (7.19%) E-Commerce
19 426 (6.80%) Front End Development
20 403 (6.43%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 3,037 (48.49%) JavaScript
2 2,949 (47.09%) Java
3 2,076 (33.15%) SQL
4 1,829 (29.20%) C#
5 888 (14.18%) Python
6 664 (10.60%) PHP
7 583 (9.31%) Java 8
8 296 (4.73%) PowerShell
9 288 (4.60%) Ruby
10 276 (4.41%) TypeScript
11 268 (4.28%) Scala
12 254 (4.06%) T-SQL
13 248 (3.96%) ES6
14 192 (3.07%) C++
15 173 (2.76%) Apex Code
16 157 (2.51%) PL/SQL
17 124 (1.98%) Perl
18 122 (1.95%) Bash Shell
18 122 (1.95%) C
19 117 (1.87%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 797 (12.73%) Degree
2 241 (3.85%) Computer Science Degree
3 164 (2.62%) Security Cleared
4 82 (1.31%) SC Cleared
5 69 (1.10%) Microsoft Certification
6 46 (0.73%) ISEB
7 38 (0.61%) PhD
8 36 (0.57%) Master's Degree
9 34 (0.54%) ISTQB
10 32 (0.51%) MCPD
11 30 (0.48%) AWS Certification
12 26 (0.42%) Postgraduate
12 26 (0.42%) SANS
13 25 (0.40%) DV Cleared
14 20 (0.32%) CCNA
14 20 (0.32%) Cisco Certification
14 20 (0.32%) CISSP
14 20 (0.32%) Numerate Degree
15 19 (0.30%) ITIL Certification
15 19 (0.30%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 510 (8.14%) QA
2 41 (0.65%) GCP
3 39 (0.62%) PCI DSS
4 35 (0.56%) PSD2
5 30 (0.48%) GDPR
6 27 (0.43%) WCAG
7 24 (0.38%) Data Quality
8 14 (0.22%) SLA
9 13 (0.21%) MiFID
10 9 (0.14%) PMO
11 8 (0.13%) ISO 9001
12 7 (0.11%) Web Application Security Consortium
13 6 (0.096%) ISO/IEC 27001
14 4 (0.064%) ISO 20022
14 4 (0.064%) PA-DSS
15 2 (0.032%) COBIT
15 2 (0.032%) ISO 8583
15 2 (0.032%) Solvency II
16 1 (0.016%) Disclosure Scotland
16 1 (0.016%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 709 (11.32%) Docker
2 86 (1.37%) Active Directory
3 47 (0.75%) VMware Infrastructure
4 33 (0.53%) vSphere
5 26 (0.42%) HDFS
6 24 (0.38%) Hyper-V
7 19 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
8 11 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
9 9 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 9 (0.14%) iptables
10 8 (0.13%) Apache Flume
11 7 (0.11%) VirtualBox
11 7 (0.11%) VMware Server
12 6 (0.096%) Varnish
13 5 (0.080%) KVM
14 3 (0.048%) ACF2
14 3 (0.048%) Oracle RAC
14 3 (0.048%) oVirt
14 3 (0.048%) RACF
14 3 (0.048%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 247 (3.94%) Ansible
2 208 (3.32%) Puppet
3 205 (3.27%) Kubernetes
4 190 (3.03%) Opscode Chef
5 100 (1.60%) Terraform
6 52 (0.83%) Kibana
6 52 (0.83%) Single Sign-On
7 33 (0.53%) logstash
8 32 (0.51%) Salt
9 18 (0.29%) Icinga
9 18 (0.29%) Packer
10 15 (0.24%) Perfmon
11 14 (0.22%) Docker Swarm
11 14 (0.22%) Nagios
12 12 (0.19%) Consul
13 10 (0.16%) OpenView
14 9 (0.14%) Graphite
14 9 (0.14%) Hadoop YARN
14 9 (0.14%) Mesos
14 9 (0.14%) Oozie
Vendors
1 737 (11.77%) Microsoft
2 562 (8.97%) Oracle
3 319 (5.09%) Google
4 288 (4.60%) Salesforce.com
5 180 (2.87%) IBM
6 128 (2.04%) SAP
7 88 (1.41%) Atlassian
8 85 (1.36%) TIBCO
9 83 (1.33%) Splunk
10 80 (1.28%) Apple
11 66 (1.05%) VMware
12 64 (1.02%) ServiceNow
13 62 (0.99%) Zend
14 61 (0.97%) AppDynamics
15 59 (0.94%) Capita
16 56 (0.89%) MuleSoft
17 46 (0.73%) Cognizant
18 44 (0.70%) Adobe
18 44 (0.70%) New Relic
19 43 (0.69%) BEA