Period
to 9 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 9 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
9 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 82 80 94
Rank change year-on-year -2 +14 +19
Permanent jobs citing REST 5,791 6,494 5,767
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.64% 3.64% 3.09%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.21% 9.08% 7.89%
Number of salaries quoted 4,532 5,239 5,006
UK median annual salary £55,000 £53,867 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.10% +2.60% +5.00%
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £33,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £78,750 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +8.89% - -

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 62,901 71,530 73,122
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.58% 40.08% 39.19%
Number of salaries quoted 51,792 59,555 63,322
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing REST.

Salary trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 9 December 2018.

Salary histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 9 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 5,426 £55,000 - 1,012
UK excluding London +1 2,991 £49,000 +8.89% 622
London +1 2,671 £65,000 +8.33% 463
South East +24 1,047 £50,000 -0.99% 158
North of England -13 546 £45,000 +2.27% 151
South West +7 460 £46,250 +8.19% 69
Midlands -6 378 £47,500 +18.75% 98
North West -24 321 £45,000 - 74
East of England -9 311 £55,000 +10.00% 74
West Midlands -32 195 £50,000 +25.00% 60
Yorkshire +15 191 £45,000 +5.88% 59
East Midlands +37 183 £45,000 +8.43% 38
Scotland -8 155 £48,750 +1.56% 38
Wales +30 93 £50,000 +33.33% 24
North East -4 36 £47,500 +11.76% 18
Northern Ireland +8 26 £40,000 +23.08% 11

For the 6 months to 9 December 2018, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 3,211 (55.45%) Agile Software Development
2 2,733 (47.19%) JavaScript
3 2,587 (44.67%) Java
4 1,990 (34.36%) HTML
5 1,895 (32.72%) SQL
6 1,823 (31.48%) Web Services
7 1,747 (30.17%) CSS
8 1,685 (29.10%) C#
9 1,676 (28.94%) SOAP
10 1,661 (28.68%) .NET
11 1,625 (28.06%) TDD
12 1,427 (24.64%) AngularJS
13 1,380 (23.83%) Microservices
14 1,345 (23.23%) Git (software)
15 1,231 (21.26%) MVC
16 1,213 (20.95%) Scrum
17 1,202 (20.76%) Finance
18 1,192 (20.58%) JSON
19 1,191 (20.57%) Spring
20 1,127 (19.46%) Amazon AWS
21 1,103 (19.05%) SQL Server
22 1,073 (18.53%) Test Automation
23 1,066 (18.41%) DevOps
24 1,059 (18.29%) Continuous Integration
25 996 (17.20%) XML
26 929 (16.04%) Software Engineering
27 927 (16.01%) Microsoft Azure
28 868 (14.99%) React
29 849 (14.66%) Python
30 845 (14.59%) Node.js

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 304 (5.25%) Elasticsearch
2 294 (5.08%) Confluence
3 207 (3.57%) CMS
4 196 (3.38%) Tomcat
5 181 (3.13%) JBoss
6 165 (2.85%) IIS
7 146 (2.52%) Apache
8 135 (2.33%) Apache Spark
9 114 (1.97%) WebSphere
10 112 (1.93%) SharePoint
11 83 (1.43%) WordPress
12 76 (1.31%) Mule
13 73 (1.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 73 (1.26%) WebLogic
14 69 (1.19%) nginx
15 52 (0.90%) BizTalk Server
16 43 (0.74%) Apache Pig
17 41 (0.71%) Drupal
18 37 (0.64%) Jetty
18 37 (0.64%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 48 (0.83%) Chatbot
2 16 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (0.26%) Microsoft Excel
4 13 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
5 12 (0.21%) MS Visio
6 10 (0.17%) Weka
7 9 (0.16%) Photoshop
8 4 (0.069%) GNU Octave
8 4 (0.069%) Snapchat
9 3 (0.052%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 3 (0.052%) Maya
10 2 (0.035%) LibreOffice
11 1 (0.017%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.017%) Adobe Premiere
11 1 (0.017%) Fireworks
11 1 (0.017%) HipChat
11 1 (0.017%) InfoPath
11 1 (0.017%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 1 (0.017%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 59 (1.02%) Dynamics CRM
2 25 (0.43%) Magento
3 19 (0.33%) thinkFolio
4 11 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
5 10 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
6 9 (0.16%) Markit EDM
6 9 (0.16%) NetSuite
7 8 (0.14%) Shopify
8 7 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
8 7 (0.12%) SAP Business One
9 6 (0.10%) BusinessWorks
9 6 (0.10%) SAP SD
10 5 (0.086%) SDL Web 8
11 4 (0.069%) Infor LN
11 4 (0.069%) Oracle Applications
11 4 (0.069%) R3 Corda
11 4 (0.069%) Scribe Insight
11 4 (0.069%) TIBCO BusinessEvents
11 4 (0.069%) Workday HCM
12 3 (0.052%) Exstream
Cloud Services
1 1,127 (19.46%) Amazon AWS
2 927 (16.01%) Microsoft Azure
3 296 (5.11%) SaaS
4 220 (3.80%) GitHub
5 167 (2.88%) Google Cloud Platform
6 165 (2.85%) Serverless
7 155 (2.68%) PaaS
8 119 (2.05%) npm
9 103 (1.78%) IaaS
10 96 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
11 82 (1.42%) Office 365
12 73 (1.26%) Amazon EC2
13 58 (1.00%) AWS Lambda
14 53 (0.92%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
15 52 (0.90%) Amazon S3
16 45 (0.78%) Apigee
17 43 (0.74%) Dynamics 365
18 42 (0.73%) OpenShift
19 36 (0.62%) Azure Data Factory
20 35 (0.60%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 440 (7.60%) HTTP
2 164 (2.83%) Internet
3 107 (1.85%) TCP/IP
4 96 (1.66%) SSL
5 75 (1.30%) Firewall
6 51 (0.88%) DNS
7 30 (0.52%) VPN
8 28 (0.48%) Reverse Proxy
9 25 (0.43%) Bluetooth
10 20 (0.35%) IPv6
11 19 (0.33%) VoIP
12 17 (0.29%) HTTPS
12 17 (0.29%) Intranet
13 14 (0.24%) SAN
13 14 (0.24%) SMS
14 13 (0.22%) AMQP
14 13 (0.22%) FTP
14 13 (0.22%) NFC
15 12 (0.21%) BIG-IP
15 12 (0.21%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,103 (19.05%) SQL Server
2 628 (10.84%) NoSQL
3 595 (10.27%) MySQL
4 489 (8.44%) MongoDB
5 395 (6.82%) Relational Database
6 315 (5.44%) Big Data
7 295 (5.09%) PostgreSQL
8 174 (3.00%) Hadoop
8 174 (3.00%) Redis
9 118 (2.04%) Apache Cassandra
10 116 (2.00%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 105 (1.81%) Blockchain
12 100 (1.73%) Azure SQL Database
13 99 (1.71%) RDBMS
13 99 (1.71%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 79 (1.36%) Data Warehouse
15 76 (1.31%) Oracle Database
16 64 (1.11%) Apache Hive
17 52 (0.90%) SQL Server 2012
18 51 (0.88%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 1,345 (23.23%) Git (software)
2 727 (12.55%) Jenkins
3 618 (10.67%) JIRA
4 516 (8.91%) Maven
5 449 (7.75%) Selenium
6 444 (7.67%) JUnit
7 352 (6.08%) Cucumber
8 289 (4.99%) webpack
9 266 (4.59%) Visual Studio
10 264 (4.56%) Subversion
11 222 (3.83%) Gradle
12 209 (3.61%) gulp
13 205 (3.54%) TeamCity
14 172 (2.97%) Bitbucket
15 171 (2.95%) NUnit
16 162 (2.80%) Grunt
17 158 (2.73%) Team Foundation Server
18 150 (2.59%) Eclipse
19 127 (2.19%) Mockito
19 127 (2.19%) Protractor
General
1 1,202 (20.76%) Finance
2 479 (8.27%) Banking
3 355 (6.13%) Retail
4 204 (3.52%) Games
5 162 (2.80%) Marketing
6 99 (1.71%) Telecoms
7 97 (1.68%) Advertising
8 75 (1.30%) Investment Banking
9 74 (1.28%) Law
10 67 (1.16%) Manufacturing
11 51 (0.88%) Publishing
12 46 (0.79%) Electronics
13 42 (0.73%) Back Office
14 41 (0.71%) Financial Institution
15 35 (0.60%) Front Office
16 31 (0.54%) Legal
17 27 (0.47%) Retail Finance
18 23 (0.40%) Automotive
19 19 (0.33%) Retail Banking
20 12 (0.21%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 3,778 (65.24%) Developer
2 1,245 (21.50%) Java Developer
3 761 (13.14%) Senior Developer
4 633 (10.93%) .NET Developer
5 493 (8.51%) C# Developer
6 434 (7.49%) Software Engineer
7 420 (7.25%) Architect
8 377 (6.51%) Software Developer
9 339 (5.85%) Full Stack Developer
10 325 (5.61%) Senior Java Developer
11 301 (5.20%) C# .NET Developer
12 300 (5.18%) JavaScript Developer
13 274 (4.73%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 268 (4.63%) PHP Developer
15 259 (4.47%) Java Engineer
16 246 (4.25%) Lead Developer
17 217 (3.75%) Web Developer
18 189 (3.26%) Analyst
19 169 (2.92%) Python Developer
20 161 (2.78%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,990 (34.36%) HTML
2 1,823 (31.48%) Web Services
3 1,747 (30.17%) CSS
4 1,676 (28.94%) SOAP
5 1,661 (28.68%) .NET
6 1,427 (24.64%) AngularJS
7 1,192 (20.58%) JSON
8 1,191 (20.57%) Spring
9 996 (17.20%) XML
10 868 (14.99%) React
11 845 (14.59%) Node.js
12 818 (14.13%) HTML5
13 812 (14.02%) ASP.NET
14 607 (10.48%) ASP.NET Web API
15 602 (10.40%) jQuery
16 537 (9.27%) RESTful
17 434 (7.49%) CSS3
18 431 (7.44%) .NET Framework
19 412 (7.11%) Hibernate
20 393 (6.79%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 448 (7.74%) User Experience
2 375 (6.48%) Greenfield Project
3 365 (6.30%) Mobile App
4 362 (6.25%) Fintech
5 272 (4.70%) Analytical Skills
6 206 (3.56%) Self-Motivation
7 187 (3.23%) Enterprise Software
8 117 (2.02%) Algorithms
9 97 (1.68%) Data Structures
10 92 (1.59%) Management Information System
11 65 (1.12%) Virtual Team
12 63 (1.09%) Social Media
13 62 (1.07%) Linux Command Line
14 55 (0.95%) Cloud Native
15 54 (0.93%) Client/Server
16 50 (0.86%) Fixed Income
17 44 (0.76%) Public Cloud
18 38 (0.66%) Derivative
19 34 (0.59%) DataPower
20 33 (0.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 678 (11.71%) Linux
2 424 (7.32%) Windows
3 280 (4.84%) Android
4 267 (4.61%) Apple iOS
5 187 (3.23%) Unix
6 52 (0.90%) Windows Server
7 38 (0.66%) Mac OS X
8 37 (0.64%) CentOS
9 36 (0.62%) Ubuntu
10 22 (0.38%) Windows 10
11 18 (0.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 11 (0.19%) Mac OS
12 11 (0.19%) Solaris
13 10 (0.17%) VMS
13 10 (0.17%) Windows 7
14 7 (0.12%) Debian
15 6 (0.10%) Windows 8
16 5 (0.086%) Windows Server 2012
17 4 (0.069%) FreeBSD
18 2 (0.035%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,211 (55.45%) Agile Software Development
2 1,625 (28.06%) TDD
3 1,380 (23.83%) Microservices
4 1,231 (21.26%) MVC
5 1,213 (20.95%) Scrum
6 1,073 (18.53%) Test Automation
7 1,066 (18.41%) DevOps
8 1,059 (18.29%) Continuous Integration
9 929 (16.04%) Software Engineering
10 743 (12.83%) Problem-Solving
11 741 (12.80%) BDD
12 730 (12.61%) OO
13 664 (11.47%) Web Development
14 619 (10.69%) SOA
15 506 (8.74%) Open Source
16 502 (8.67%) Unit Testing
17 489 (8.44%) SDLC
18 469 (8.10%) Front End Development
19 465 (8.03%) Continuous Delivery
20 431 (7.44%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 2,733 (47.19%) JavaScript
2 2,587 (44.67%) Java
3 1,895 (32.72%) SQL
4 1,685 (29.10%) C#
5 849 (14.66%) Python
6 531 (9.17%) PHP
7 515 (8.89%) Java 8
8 285 (4.92%) ES6
9 238 (4.11%) PowerShell
10 232 (4.01%) TypeScript
11 230 (3.97%) Scala
12 213 (3.68%) C++
13 203 (3.51%) Ruby
14 186 (3.21%) T-SQL
15 133 (2.30%) PL/SQL
16 128 (2.21%) C
17 119 (2.05%) Bash Shell
18 117 (2.02%) VB.NET
19 109 (1.88%) Apex Code
20 95 (1.64%) Perl
Qualifications
1 667 (11.52%) Degree
2 221 (3.82%) Computer Science Degree
3 145 (2.50%) Security Cleared
4 70 (1.21%) SC Cleared
5 52 (0.90%) CISSP
6 46 (0.79%) Microsoft Certification
7 42 (0.73%) DV Cleared
8 40 (0.69%) ISTQB
8 40 (0.69%) SANS
9 32 (0.55%) Cisco Certification
9 32 (0.55%) CompTIA Security+
9 32 (0.55%) MCSE
10 30 (0.52%) CCNA
10 30 (0.52%) GIAC
10 30 (0.52%) Linux+ Certification
10 30 (0.52%) Network+ Certification
10 30 (0.52%) SSCP
11 28 (0.48%) ISEB
12 22 (0.38%) Master's Degree
13 17 (0.29%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 518 (8.94%) QA
2 44 (0.76%) GDPR
3 33 (0.57%) Data Quality
4 26 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 18 (0.31%) SLA
6 14 (0.24%) WCAG
7 9 (0.16%) HL7
7 9 (0.16%) ISO 9001
7 9 (0.16%) PMO
8 8 (0.14%) PCI DSS
9 6 (0.10%) MiFID
10 4 (0.069%) ISO/IEC 27005
11 3 (0.052%) SNOMED CT
12 2 (0.035%) COBIT
12 2 (0.035%) GAMP
12 2 (0.035%) PA-DSS
12 2 (0.035%) Web Application Security Consortium
13 1 (0.017%) ISO 20022
13 1 (0.017%) PSD2
System Software
1 821 (14.18%) Docker
2 114 (1.97%) Active Directory
3 47 (0.81%) VMware Infrastructure
4 43 (0.74%) vSphere
5 31 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
6 30 (0.52%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 30 (0.52%) HDFS
7 29 (0.50%) Hyper-V
8 18 (0.31%) Varnish
9 15 (0.26%) Firmware
10 6 (0.10%) Oracle RAC
10 6 (0.10%) VirtualBox
11 5 (0.086%) VMware ESXi
12 4 (0.069%) Squid
13 2 (0.035%) ACF2
13 2 (0.035%) RACF
13 2 (0.035%) VMware NSX
14 1 (0.017%) Apache Flume
14 1 (0.017%) GridGain
14 1 (0.017%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 291 (5.03%) Kubernetes
2 196 (3.38%) Ansible
3 158 (2.73%) Puppet
4 98 (1.69%) Opscode Chef
5 97 (1.68%) Terraform
6 37 (0.64%) Salt
7 30 (0.52%) Kibana
8 21 (0.36%) Mesos
9 20 (0.35%) Grafana
10 18 (0.31%) Docker Swarm
10 18 (0.31%) logstash
11 16 (0.28%) HP Quality Center
12 13 (0.22%) CloudHub
13 12 (0.21%) Rancher
14 11 (0.19%) Microsoft Intune
14 11 (0.19%) Packer
15 10 (0.17%) Automic
15 10 (0.17%) WebSphere Cast Iron
15 10 (0.17%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
16 8 (0.14%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 632 (10.91%) Microsoft
2 525 (9.07%) Oracle
3 201 (3.47%) Google
3 201 (3.47%) Salesforce.com
4 116 (2.00%) IBM
5 89 (1.54%) MuleSoft
6 83 (1.43%) Splunk
7 82 (1.42%) Xamarin
8 77 (1.33%) Atlassian
9 74 (1.28%) SAP
10 66 (1.14%) Tableau
11 60 (1.04%) VMware
12 59 (1.02%) Sitecore
13 55 (0.95%) Red Hat
14 48 (0.83%) Adobe
15 47 (0.81%) TIBCO
16 45 (0.78%) Apple
17 39 (0.67%) New Relic
18 37 (0.64%) Jitterbit
19 36 (0.62%) ServiceNow