Period
to 14 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 14 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
14 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 71 83 81
Rank change year-on-year +12 -2 +13
Permanent jobs citing REST 5,187 5,988 6,660
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.78% 3.66% 3.68%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.97% 9.19% 9.17%
Number of salaries quoted 4,162 4,714 5,356
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £32,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £48,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -1.04% +6.67% -

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 52,015 65,146 72,604
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 37.94% 39.83% 40.17%
Number of salaries quoted 42,976 53,856 60,307
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £29,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £83,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing REST.

Salary trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

Salary histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 14 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +10 4,815 £57,500 +4.55% 875
UK excluding London +5 2,676 £47,500 -1.04% 550
London +10 2,422 £70,000 +7.69% 389
South East +1 973 £50,000 - 143
North of England +47 596 £45,500 +1.11% 158
North West +32 378 £45,250 +0.56% 73
South West -20 350 £45,000 -5.26% 48
Midlands -18 264 £48,000 -2.04% 89
East of England -13 203 £50,000 -9.09% 49
Scotland +29 190 £40,500 -19.00% 43
Yorkshire +12 174 £47,500 +5.56% 61
West Midlands +3 158 £50,000 - 69
East Midlands -33 106 £40,000 -11.11% 20
Wales -21 66 £40,000 -9.09% 14
North East +33 45 £40,000 -13.51% 24
Northern Ireland +16 39 £45,000 +8.43% 6

For the 6 months to 14 November 2019, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 2,789 (53.77%) Agile Software Development
2 2,387 (46.02%) JavaScript
3 1,846 (35.59%) C#
4 1,752 (33.78%) Java
5 1,749 (33.72%) .NET
6 1,604 (30.92%) CSS
7 1,575 (30.36%) HTML
8 1,488 (28.69%) SQL
9 1,449 (27.94%) SOAP
10 1,420 (27.38%) Web Services
11 1,297 (25.00%) Git (software)
12 1,183 (22.81%) SQL Server
13 1,157 (22.31%) AWS
14 1,147 (22.11%) MVC
15 1,126 (21.71%) TDD
16 1,090 (21.01%) Microservices
17 1,083 (20.88%) AngularJS
18 1,054 (20.32%) Azure
19 1,045 (20.15%) Scrum
20 1,031 (19.88%) JSON
21 1,004 (19.36%) DevOps
22 952 (18.35%) Test Automation
23 936 (18.05%) Software Engineering
24 932 (17.97%) Finance
25 927 (17.87%) Docker
26 862 (16.62%) ASP.NET
27 852 (16.43%) Continuous Integration
28 812 (15.65%) Spring
29 805 (15.52%) XML
30 790 (15.23%) React

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 185 (3.57%) Apache Spark
2 166 (3.20%) Confluence
3 154 (2.97%) Tomcat
4 153 (2.95%) Elasticsearch
5 127 (2.45%) Apache
6 118 (2.27%) CMS
7 86 (1.66%) IIS
7 86 (1.66%) JBoss
8 74 (1.43%) SharePoint
9 57 (1.10%) nginx
10 52 (1.00%) Mule
11 51 (0.98%) OpenStack
12 49 (0.94%) WebSphere
13 42 (0.81%) Cloud Foundry
14 40 (0.77%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 39 (0.75%) WebLogic
16 33 (0.64%) BizTalk Server
17 32 (0.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 32 (0.62%) Umbraco
18 31 (0.60%) Anypoint
Applications
1 37 (0.71%) MS Visio
2 23 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
3 20 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 14 (0.27%) Microsoft Excel
4 14 (0.27%) Photoshop
5 8 (0.15%) Adobe Premiere
6 6 (0.12%) Chatbot
7 5 (0.096%) Zeplin
8 4 (0.077%) GNU Octave
9 2 (0.039%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.039%) InDesign
9 2 (0.039%) Microsoft Project
9 2 (0.039%) Sketch
9 2 (0.039%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.019%) Adobe XD
10 1 (0.019%) Figma
10 1 (0.019%) Gliffy
10 1 (0.019%) InfoPath
10 1 (0.019%) InVision
10 1 (0.019%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 69 (1.33%) Dynamics CRM
2 32 (0.62%) NetSuite
3 30 (0.58%) SAP Hybris
4 24 (0.46%) Magento
5 14 (0.27%) Distributed Ledger
6 9 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
6 9 (0.17%) SAP Business One
7 8 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
8 7 (0.13%) SAP Business ByDesign
9 6 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
9 6 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
10 5 (0.096%) Oracle Applications
10 5 (0.096%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
11 4 (0.077%) BusinessWorks
11 4 (0.077%) Elite 3E
11 4 (0.077%) HFM
11 4 (0.077%) Oracle FAH
11 4 (0.077%) Visualfiles
12 3 (0.058%) OpenText MBPM
12 3 (0.058%) StreamServe
Cloud Services
1 1,157 (22.31%) AWS
2 1,054 (20.32%) Azure
3 297 (5.73%) SaaS
4 278 (5.36%) GCP
5 219 (4.22%) Serverless
6 185 (3.57%) GitHub
7 132 (2.54%) AWS Lambda
8 98 (1.89%) Amazon EC2
9 79 (1.52%) PaaS
10 75 (1.45%) Power Platform
11 71 (1.37%) OpenShift
12 70 (1.35%) Cloud Computing
13 64 (1.23%) npm
14 53 (1.02%) AWS CloudFormation
14 53 (1.02%) Salesforce Service Cloud
15 48 (0.93%) Amazon S3
16 47 (0.91%) IaaS
17 38 (0.73%) Boomi
18 37 (0.71%) Amazon SQS
19 35 (0.67%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 320 (6.17%) HTTP
2 141 (2.72%) Internet
3 97 (1.87%) TCP/IP
4 92 (1.77%) HTTPS
5 76 (1.47%) Firewall
6 46 (0.89%) SSL
7 34 (0.66%) SSH
8 32 (0.62%) DNS
9 16 (0.31%) X.509
10 15 (0.29%) AMQP
11 11 (0.21%) Skype
11 11 (0.21%) SMS
11 11 (0.21%) VoIP
11 11 (0.21%) VPN
12 10 (0.19%) FTP
12 10 (0.19%) Intranet
12 10 (0.19%) Network Security
13 9 (0.17%) Bluetooth
14 7 (0.13%) Kerberos
14 7 (0.13%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,183 (22.81%) SQL Server
2 590 (11.37%) MySQL
3 399 (7.69%) NoSQL
4 311 (6.00%) PostgreSQL
5 290 (5.59%) MongoDB
6 243 (4.68%) Relational Database
7 216 (4.16%) Big Data
8 188 (3.62%) Redis
9 132 (2.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 101 (1.95%) SQL Server 2012
11 91 (1.75%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 87 (1.68%) Amazon RDS
13 78 (1.50%) Azure SQL Database
14 74 (1.43%) RDBMS
15 73 (1.41%) Power BI
16 71 (1.37%) Hadoop
17 57 (1.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 54 (1.04%) Apache Cassandra
19 53 (1.02%) Data Warehouse
20 52 (1.00%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1,297 (25.00%) Git (software)
2 567 (10.93%) Jenkins
3 517 (9.97%) JIRA
4 418 (8.06%) Selenium
5 333 (6.42%) JUnit
6 319 (6.15%) Maven
7 257 (4.95%) Visual Studio
8 253 (4.88%) Team Foundation Server
9 249 (4.80%) Cucumber
10 211 (4.07%) Bitbucket
11 184 (3.55%) TeamCity
12 173 (3.34%) Subversion
13 162 (3.12%) NUnit
14 146 (2.81%) WebDriver
15 140 (2.70%) SpecFlow
16 115 (2.22%) Octopus Deploy
17 109 (2.10%) webpack
18 107 (2.06%) SoapUI
19 104 (2.01%) Visual Studio Team System
20 101 (1.95%) Mockito
General
1 932 (17.97%) Finance
2 268 (5.17%) Retail
3 263 (5.07%) Marketing
4 214 (4.13%) Banking
5 192 (3.70%) Games
6 106 (2.04%) Telecoms
7 102 (1.97%) Public Sector
8 85 (1.64%) Manufacturing
9 63 (1.21%) Electronics
10 62 (1.20%) Advertising
11 51 (0.98%) Law
12 40 (0.77%) Publishing
13 39 (0.75%) Legal
14 33 (0.64%) Automotive
15 30 (0.58%) Financial Institution
16 25 (0.48%) Billing
17 24 (0.46%) Investment Banking
18 20 (0.39%) Front Office
19 15 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
19 15 (0.29%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 3,366 (64.89%) Developer
2 834 (16.08%) Senior Developer
3 695 (13.40%) Java Developer
4 654 (12.61%) .NET Developer
5 540 (10.41%) C# Developer
6 414 (7.98%) Software Engineer
7 389 (7.50%) Software Developer
8 298 (5.75%) C# .NET Developer
9 286 (5.51%) Full Stack Developer
10 252 (4.86%) PHP Developer
11 242 (4.67%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 219 (4.22%) Architect
13 201 (3.88%) Senior .NET Developer
13 201 (3.88%) Senior Java Developer
14 191 (3.68%) Analyst
15 177 (3.41%) Python Developer
16 171 (3.30%) Lead Developer
17 162 (3.12%) Angular Developer
18 157 (3.03%) React Developer
19 148 (2.85%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,749 (33.72%) .NET
2 1,604 (30.92%) CSS
3 1,575 (30.36%) HTML
4 1,449 (27.94%) SOAP
5 1,420 (27.38%) Web Services
6 1,083 (20.88%) AngularJS
7 1,031 (19.88%) JSON
8 862 (16.62%) ASP.NET
9 812 (15.65%) Spring
10 805 (15.52%) XML
11 790 (15.23%) React
12 631 (12.17%) jQuery
13 562 (10.83%) HTML5
14 559 (10.78%) Node.js
15 473 (9.12%) ASP.NET Web API
16 462 (8.91%) .NET Core
17 386 (7.44%) WCF
18 360 (6.94%) ASP.NET MVC
19 357 (6.88%) .NET Framework
20 337 (6.50%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 448 (8.64%) User Experience
2 385 (7.42%) Mobile App
3 305 (5.88%) Greenfield Project
4 238 (4.59%) Analytical Skills
5 189 (3.64%) Self-Motivation
6 173 (3.34%) Enterprise Software
7 154 (2.97%) Algorithms
8 141 (2.72%) Data Structures
9 100 (1.93%) Cloud Native
10 82 (1.58%) Virtual Team
11 76 (1.47%) Management Information System
12 54 (1.04%) Linux Command Line
13 50 (0.96%) iPad
14 48 (0.93%) Online Gambling
15 42 (0.81%) Public Cloud
16 40 (0.77%) Social Media
17 34 (0.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 28 (0.54%) Data Centre
19 26 (0.50%) PMI
20 25 (0.48%) Cybercrime
Operating Systems
1 548 (10.56%) Linux
2 340 (6.55%) Windows
3 314 (6.05%) Android
4 259 (4.99%) Apple iOS
5 143 (2.76%) Unix
6 34 (0.66%) Windows Server
7 27 (0.52%) CentOS
8 26 (0.50%) Mac OS X
9 25 (0.48%) Ubuntu
10 16 (0.31%) Mac OS
11 12 (0.23%) Fedora
12 10 (0.19%) Windows Mobile
13 9 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 9 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
14 8 (0.15%) Windows 7
14 8 (0.15%) Windows 8
15 4 (0.077%) Debian
16 3 (0.058%) Windows Server 2008
17 2 (0.039%) Embedded Linux
18 1 (0.019%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,789 (53.77%) Agile Software Development
2 1,147 (22.11%) MVC
3 1,126 (21.71%) TDD
4 1,090 (21.01%) Microservices
5 1,045 (20.15%) Scrum
6 1,004 (19.36%) DevOps
7 952 (18.35%) Test Automation
8 936 (18.05%) Software Engineering
9 852 (16.43%) Continuous Integration
10 753 (14.52%) OO
11 668 (12.88%) BDD
12 620 (11.95%) Computer Science
13 611 (11.78%) Web Development
14 589 (11.36%) Problem-Solving
15 526 (10.14%) Mentoring
16 510 (9.83%) Unit Testing
17 410 (7.90%) OOP
18 408 (7.87%) Kanban
19 398 (7.67%) Front End Development
20 396 (7.63%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 2,387 (46.02%) JavaScript
2 1,846 (35.59%) C#
3 1,752 (33.78%) Java
4 1,488 (28.69%) SQL
5 728 (14.04%) Python
6 385 (7.42%) PHP
7 362 (6.98%) Java 8
8 315 (6.07%) TypeScript
9 200 (3.86%) T-SQL
10 198 (3.82%) Go
11 189 (3.64%) PowerShell
12 175 (3.37%) ES6
13 169 (3.26%) C++
14 143 (2.76%) Scala
15 139 (2.68%) Ruby
16 137 (2.64%) C
17 134 (2.58%) Kotlin
18 123 (2.37%) VB.NET
19 97 (1.87%) Apple Swift
20 94 (1.81%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 708 (13.65%) Degree
2 340 (6.55%) Computer Science Degree
3 76 (1.47%) Security Cleared
4 74 (1.43%) ISTQB
5 69 (1.33%) Microsoft Certification
6 42 (0.81%) CISSP
7 41 (0.79%) CCNA
7 41 (0.79%) Cisco Certification
8 40 (0.77%) CompTIA Security+
8 40 (0.77%) GIAC
8 40 (0.77%) Linux+ Certification
8 40 (0.77%) MCSE
8 40 (0.77%) Network+ Certification
8 40 (0.77%) SANS
8 40 (0.77%) SSCP
9 33 (0.64%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 29 (0.56%) SC Cleared
11 28 (0.54%) ISEB
11 28 (0.54%) PMI Certification
12 25 (0.48%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 492 (9.49%) QA
2 44 (0.85%) GDPR
3 39 (0.75%) Data Quality
4 26 (0.50%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 17 (0.33%) PCI DSS
6 7 (0.13%) PSD2
7 5 (0.096%) SLA
7 5 (0.096%) Solvency II
8 2 (0.039%) PA-DSS
8 2 (0.039%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 2 (0.039%) WCAG
9 1 (0.019%) BS7666
9 1 (0.019%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 1 (0.019%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.019%) RMADS
9 1 (0.019%) WAI
System Software
1 927 (17.87%) Docker
2 73 (1.41%) Active Directory
3 34 (0.66%) VMware Infrastructure
4 25 (0.48%) Varnish
5 8 (0.15%) Cronacle
5 8 (0.15%) Hyper-V
5 8 (0.15%) vSphere
6 7 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
7 4 (0.077%) HDFS
8 2 (0.039%) ACF2
8 2 (0.039%) IAG
8 2 (0.039%) NFS
8 2 (0.039%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.039%) oVirt
8 2 (0.039%) RACF
8 2 (0.039%) RHEV
9 1 (0.019%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 1 (0.019%) Firmware
9 1 (0.019%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.019%) Xen
Systems Management
1 642 (12.38%) Kubernetes
2 101 (1.95%) Ansible
3 94 (1.81%) Terraform
4 88 (1.70%) Puppet
5 69 (1.33%) Opscode Chef
6 41 (0.79%) Kibana
6 41 (0.79%) Mesos
7 38 (0.73%) Grafana
8 35 (0.67%) Rancher
9 24 (0.46%) Salt
10 23 (0.44%) Prometheus
11 20 (0.39%) Automic
12 17 (0.33%) Single Sign-On
13 11 (0.21%) Marathon
14 9 (0.17%) HP Quality Center
15 8 (0.15%) Control-M
16 7 (0.13%) Docker Swarm
17 6 (0.12%) ITRS Geneos
17 6 (0.12%) SQL Sentry
18 5 (0.096%) Failover Clustering
Vendors
1 646 (12.45%) Microsoft
2 289 (5.57%) Oracle
3 255 (4.92%) Google
4 207 (3.99%) Salesforce.com
5 154 (2.97%) SAP
6 126 (2.43%) MuleSoft
7 93 (1.79%) Zend
8 85 (1.64%) Atlassian
9 81 (1.56%) IBM
10 74 (1.43%) Adobe
11 62 (1.20%) Xamarin
12 61 (1.18%) Splunk
13 47 (0.91%) Tableau
14 43 (0.83%) TIBCO
15 40 (0.77%) hybris
16 37 (0.71%) WorldPay
17 35 (0.67%) Apple
18 34 (0.66%) Dell
18 34 (0.66%) Sage
18 34 (0.66%) VMware