Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 25 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
25 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 62 53 72
Rank change year-on-year -9 +19 +17
Permanent jobs citing REST 8,938 5,402 3,258
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 5.07% 5.17% 4.06%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.54% 12.73% 10.31%
Number of salaries quoted 3,219 3,181 2,632
10th Percentile £40,000 £36,250 £36,750
25th Percentile £50,000 £45,000 £43,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% -
75th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +3.09%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 71,265 42,427 31,588
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.42% 40.59% 39.40%
Number of salaries quoted 30,076 29,513 26,241
10th Percentile £38,000 £35,000 £33,750
25th Percentile £47,500 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.04% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £82,500 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing REST.

Salary trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 25 June 2022.

Salary histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 25 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -12 7,280 £67,000 +11.67% 625
London -7 5,142 £75,000 +7.14% 321
Work from Home -18 3,912 £62,500 +8.70% 352
UK excluding London -42 2,261 £55,000 +10.00% 343
South East -41 696 £60,000 +14.29% 74
North of England -31 490 £55,000 +10.00% 100
Midlands -27 388 £55,000 +10.00% 64
North West -29 269 £57,500 +15.00% 55
South West -36 261 £55,000 +10.00% 31
West Midlands -41 232 £55,000 +10.00% 39
East of England -49 199 £50,000 -13.04% 32
Yorkshire -45 177 £55,000 +4.76% 29
East Midlands +9 156 £55,000 +15.79% 24
Scotland -41 144 £60,000 +26.32% 17
Wales -44 58 £45,000 - 17
North East -18 44 £25,000 -28.57% 16
Northern Ireland -30 31 £40,500 -10.00% 8

For the 6 months to 25 June 2022, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 4,926 (55.11%) Agile
2 3,887 (43.49%) JavaScript
3 3,207 (35.88%) Java
4 3,039 (34.00%) AWS
5 2,919 (32.66%) Microservices
6 2,861 (32.01%) React
7 2,832 (31.68%) Software Engineering
8 2,706 (30.28%) Git (software)
9 2,675 (29.93%) SQL
10 2,579 (28.85%) CI/CD
11 2,513 (28.12%) Docker
12 2,244 (25.11%) Finance
13 2,202 (24.64%) Python
14 2,163 (24.20%) DevOps
15 2,144 (23.99%) HTML
16 2,094 (23.43%) Test Automation
17 2,085 (23.33%) CSS
18 2,009 (22.48%) Social Skills
19 1,869 (20.91%) Node.js
20 1,858 (20.79%) Kubernetes
21 1,839 (20.58%) TypeScript
22 1,826 (20.43%) Scrum
23 1,823 (20.40%) TDD
24 1,814 (20.30%) C#
25 1,812 (20.27%) Azure
26 1,632 (18.26%) Full Stack Development
27 1,623 (18.16%) Spring
28 1,602 (17.92%) .NET
29 1,568 (17.54%) Problem-Solving
30 1,522 (17.03%) AngularJS

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 418 (4.68%) Elasticsearch
2 287 (3.21%) Confluence
3 268 (3.00%) CMS
4 181 (2.03%) Apache
5 142 (1.59%) Apache Spark
6 129 (1.44%) IIS
7 127 (1.42%) nginx
8 88 (0.98%) SharePoint
9 81 (0.91%) Jetty
10 78 (0.87%) Headless CMS
11 74 (0.83%) WordPress
12 65 (0.73%) Apache Airflow
13 55 (0.62%) OpenStack
14 50 (0.56%) Tomcat
15 49 (0.55%) Cloud Foundry
16 42 (0.47%) Tornado
17 39 (0.44%) Umbraco
18 33 (0.37%) Drupal
19 32 (0.36%) Mule
20 29 (0.32%) JBoss
Applications
1 59 (0.66%) Microsoft Office
2 47 (0.53%) Sketch
3 36 (0.40%) Chatbot
4 33 (0.37%) Adobe XD
5 32 (0.36%) Photoshop
6 30 (0.34%) Microsoft Excel
7 29 (0.32%) InVision
8 23 (0.26%) OmniGraffle
9 17 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
10 13 (0.15%) Maya
11 7 (0.078%) Adobe Illustrator
11 7 (0.078%) InDesign
12 5 (0.056%) FileZilla
12 5 (0.056%) MS Visio
13 4 (0.045%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 4 (0.045%) Microsoft PowerPoint
14 2 (0.022%) GIMP
14 2 (0.022%) MadCap Flare
14 2 (0.022%) Pixelmator
15 1 (0.011%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 53 (0.59%) Dynamics CRM
2 49 (0.55%) Shopify
3 47 (0.53%) Payment Gateway
4 38 (0.43%) Magento
5 26 (0.29%) Distributed Ledger
6 22 (0.25%) R3 Corda
7 15 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
8 14 (0.16%) SAP ERP
9 13 (0.15%) Maximo
9 13 (0.15%) SAP MDG
10 9 (0.10%) Eloqua
10 9 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
11 7 (0.078%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
12 4 (0.045%) NetSuite
12 4 (0.045%) Oracle BPM
12 4 (0.045%) Oracle ERP
13 3 (0.034%) SAP Business One
13 3 (0.034%) Social Studio
14 2 (0.022%) Cloudability
14 2 (0.022%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 3,039 (34.00%) AWS
2 1,812 (20.27%) Azure
3 1,110 (12.42%) Serverless
4 1,095 (12.25%) GCP
5 773 (8.65%) GitHub
6 757 (8.47%) SaaS
7 512 (5.73%) AWS Lambda
8 435 (4.87%) Amazon S3
9 282 (3.16%) npm
10 257 (2.88%) Amazon SQS
11 248 (2.77%) Cloud Computing
12 226 (2.53%) Amazon ECS
12 226 (2.53%) PaaS
13 222 (2.48%) Amazon EC2
14 213 (2.38%) Power Platform
15 185 (2.07%) AWS CloudFormation
16 184 (2.06%) OpenShift
17 168 (1.88%) Slack
18 150 (1.68%) Firebase
19 131 (1.47%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 765 (8.56%) HTTP
2 227 (2.54%) Internet
3 96 (1.07%) Broadband
4 76 (0.85%) TCP/IP
5 54 (0.60%) VoIP
6 46 (0.51%) MQTT
7 43 (0.48%) WebEx
8 41 (0.46%) DNS
9 38 (0.43%) PPP
10 36 (0.40%) NFC
11 34 (0.38%) HTTPS
12 31 (0.35%) SSL
13 25 (0.28%) Network Security
14 24 (0.27%) SSH
15 23 (0.26%) 5G
16 22 (0.25%) AMQP
17 18 (0.20%) Bluetooth
17 18 (0.20%) FTP
17 18 (0.20%) VPN
18 17 (0.19%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,427 (15.97%) PostgreSQL
2 1,190 (13.31%) NoSQL
3 1,061 (11.87%) MySQL
4 1,021 (11.42%) Relational Database
5 897 (10.04%) SQL Server
6 744 (8.32%) Redis
7 723 (8.09%) MongoDB
8 487 (5.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 328 (3.67%) Big Data
10 233 (2.61%) Amazon RDS
11 206 (2.30%) RDBMS
12 178 (1.99%) Amazon Aurora
13 175 (1.96%) Hadoop
14 153 (1.71%) Apache Cassandra
15 151 (1.69%) Power BI
16 133 (1.49%) BigQuery
17 104 (1.16%) Hazelcast
18 102 (1.14%) Amazon Athena
19 101 (1.13%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 97 (1.09%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 2,706 (30.28%) Git (software)
2 1,433 (16.03%) Jenkins
3 794 (8.88%) JIRA
4 704 (7.88%) Selenium
5 503 (5.63%) JUnit
6 480 (5.37%) webpack
7 477 (5.34%) Maven
8 469 (5.25%) Cucumber
9 462 (5.17%) Postman
10 453 (5.07%) Cypress.io
11 387 (4.33%) GitLab
12 349 (3.90%) Bitbucket
13 333 (3.73%) TeamCity
14 267 (2.99%) Gradle
15 259 (2.90%) SpecFlow
16 258 (2.89%) JMeter
17 256 (2.86%) Mockito
18 215 (2.41%) Mocha
19 197 (2.20%) Octopus Deploy
20 183 (2.05%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 2,244 (25.11%) Finance
2 2,009 (22.48%) Social Skills
3 913 (10.21%) Analytical Skills
4 681 (7.62%) Banking
5 604 (6.76%) Retail
6 559 (6.25%) Games
7 500 (5.59%) Marketing
8 411 (4.60%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 278 (3.11%) Law
10 265 (2.96%) Public Sector
11 263 (2.94%) Legal
12 221 (2.47%) Organisational Skills
13 213 (2.38%) Publishing
14 175 (1.96%) Financial Institution
15 172 (1.92%) Telecoms
16 163 (1.82%) Manufacturing
17 161 (1.80%) Advertising
18 110 (1.23%) Tech for Good
19 109 (1.22%) Pharmaceutical
20 101 (1.13%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 4,440 (49.68%) Developer
2 1,719 (19.23%) Software Engineer
3 1,217 (13.62%) Senior Developer
4 789 (8.83%) Java Developer
5 609 (6.81%) Full Stack Developer
6 605 (6.77%) Senior Software Engineer
7 603 (6.75%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 447 (5.00%) Software Developer
9 434 (4.86%) Backend Developer
10 386 (4.32%) React Developer
11 384 (4.30%) Java Engineer
12 363 (4.06%) .NET Developer
13 314 (3.51%) Architect
14 311 (3.48%) Lead Developer
15 288 (3.22%) QA Engineer
16 262 (2.93%) Senior Java Developer
17 238 (2.66%) Test Engineer
18 224 (2.51%) Senior Front-End Developer
19 219 (2.45%) DevOps Engineer
20 209 (2.34%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,861 (32.01%) React
2 2,144 (23.99%) HTML
3 2,085 (23.33%) CSS
4 1,869 (20.91%) Node.js
5 1,623 (18.16%) Spring
6 1,602 (17.92%) .NET
7 1,522 (17.03%) AngularJS
8 1,446 (16.18%) Web Services
9 1,307 (14.62%) JSON
10 1,265 (14.15%) GraphQL
11 1,163 (13.01%) RESTful
12 1,086 (12.15%) SOAP
13 1,013 (11.33%) Spring Boot
14 965 (10.80%) HTML5
15 894 (10.00%) Kafka
16 821 (9.19%) Redux
17 724 (8.10%) Sass
18 644 (7.21%) .NET Core
19 626 (7.00%) XML
20 592 (6.62%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 1,319 (14.76%) User Experience
2 858 (9.60%) Mobile App
3 470 (5.26%) Greenfield Project
4 452 (5.06%) Self-Motivation
5 424 (4.74%) Algorithms
6 362 (4.05%) Data Structures
7 354 (3.96%) Cloud Native
8 348 (3.89%) Enterprise Software
9 294 (3.29%) Virtual Team
10 196 (2.19%) Blockchain
11 193 (2.16%) Social Media
12 181 (2.03%) Management Information System
13 157 (1.76%) Linux Command Line
14 136 (1.52%) Blog
15 119 (1.33%) Public Cloud
16 81 (0.91%) Client/Server
16 81 (0.91%) PlayStation
16 81 (0.91%) Renewable Energy
16 81 (0.91%) Social Network
16 81 (0.91%) Sports Betting
Operating Systems
1 1,074 (12.02%) Linux
2 799 (8.94%) Android
3 733 (8.20%) Apple iOS
4 498 (5.57%) Windows
5 337 (3.77%) Unix
6 91 (1.02%) Mac OS
7 74 (0.83%) Ubuntu
8 57 (0.64%) Mesosphere
9 56 (0.63%) Windows Server
10 49 (0.55%) Mac OS X
11 22 (0.25%) tvOS
12 17 (0.19%) Embedded Linux
13 13 (0.15%) Debian
14 12 (0.13%) CentOS
15 10 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 8 (0.090%) VMS
17 3 (0.034%) Alpine Linux
18 2 (0.022%) CoreOS
18 2 (0.022%) FreeBSD
18 2 (0.022%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,926 (55.11%) Agile
2 2,919 (32.66%) Microservices
3 2,832 (31.68%) Software Engineering
4 2,579 (28.85%) CI/CD
5 2,163 (24.20%) DevOps
6 2,094 (23.43%) Test Automation
7 1,826 (20.43%) Scrum
8 1,823 (20.40%) TDD
9 1,632 (18.26%) Full Stack Development
10 1,568 (17.54%) Problem-Solving
11 1,405 (15.72%) Continuous Integration
12 1,129 (12.63%) BDD
13 1,108 (12.40%) OO
14 1,097 (12.27%) Front End Development
15 1,075 (12.03%) Mentoring
16 1,027 (11.49%) Unit Testing
17 1,020 (11.41%) Computer Science
18 858 (9.60%) SDLC
19 838 (9.38%) OOP
20 793 (8.87%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 3,887 (43.49%) JavaScript
2 3,207 (35.88%) Java
3 2,675 (29.93%) SQL
4 2,202 (24.64%) Python
5 1,839 (20.58%) TypeScript
6 1,814 (20.30%) C#
7 715 (8.00%) PHP
8 527 (5.90%) ES6
9 516 (5.77%) Kotlin
10 432 (4.83%) Go
11 284 (3.18%) C++
12 278 (3.11%) PowerShell
13 269 (3.01%) Apple Swift
14 256 (2.86%) Ruby
15 245 (2.74%) Scala
16 215 (2.41%) C
17 210 (2.35%) T-SQL
18 197 (2.20%) Bash
19 163 (1.82%) Shell Script
20 159 (1.78%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 1,363 (15.25%) Degree
2 645 (7.22%) Computer Science Degree
3 189 (2.11%) Master's Degree
4 108 (1.21%) Security Cleared
5 89 (1.00%) SC Cleared
6 86 (0.96%) ISTQB
7 83 (0.93%) Numerate Degree
8 39 (0.44%) ITIL Certification
9 36 (0.40%) AWS Certification
10 35 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
11 29 (0.32%) ISEB
11 29 (0.32%) PMI Certification
12 26 (0.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 16 (0.18%) CCNP
13 16 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
14 14 (0.16%) MCPD
15 13 (0.15%) Postgraduate
16 11 (0.12%) CCA
16 11 (0.12%) DV Cleared
16 11 (0.12%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,304 (14.59%) QA
2 336 (3.76%) Accessibility
3 141 (1.58%) Data Quality
4 65 (0.73%) GRC
5 57 (0.64%) GDPR
6 45 (0.50%) WCAG
7 34 (0.38%) SLA
8 22 (0.25%) FATCA
9 18 (0.20%) WAI
10 17 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 12 (0.13%) SEPA
12 9 (0.10%) HL7
12 9 (0.10%) PCI DSS
13 7 (0.078%) 21 CFR Part 11
14 5 (0.056%) GxP
14 5 (0.056%) JTAG
15 4 (0.045%) HMG Security Policy Framework
15 4 (0.045%) SNOMED CT
16 3 (0.034%) NIST
17 2 (0.022%) SOC 2
System Software
1 2,513 (28.12%) Docker
2 83 (0.93%) Active Directory
3 30 (0.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 27 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 23 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
6 22 (0.25%) VMware ESXi
7 17 (0.19%) KVM
7 17 (0.19%) Xen
8 5 (0.056%) Firmware
8 5 (0.056%) Shibboleth
8 5 (0.056%) Varnish
9 4 (0.045%) vCloud
10 3 (0.034%) etcd
10 3 (0.034%) Postfix
11 2 (0.022%) vSphere
12 1 (0.011%) GridGain
12 1 (0.011%) Hyper-V
12 1 (0.011%) ISA Server
12 1 (0.011%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 1 (0.011%) NFS
Systems Management
1 1,858 (20.79%) Kubernetes
2 668 (7.47%) Terraform
3 353 (3.95%) Ansible
4 235 (2.63%) Grafana
5 231 (2.58%) Prometheus
6 208 (2.33%) Opscode Chef
7 192 (2.15%) Puppet
8 108 (1.21%) logstash
9 102 (1.14%) Kibana
10 66 (0.74%) Consul
11 58 (0.65%) Single Sign-On
12 57 (0.64%) Automic
12 57 (0.64%) Docker Swarm
13 46 (0.51%) Istio
14 36 (0.40%) MIIS
15 34 (0.38%) Opsgenie
16 30 (0.34%) ZABBIX
17 28 (0.31%) HAProxy
17 28 (0.31%) Pingdom
18 27 (0.30%) Rancher
Vendors
1 929 (10.39%) Microsoft
2 828 (9.26%) Google
3 529 (5.92%) Oracle
4 207 (2.32%) Salesforce.com
5 146 (1.63%) Apple
5 146 (1.63%) Splunk
6 135 (1.51%) SAP
7 116 (1.30%) Atlassian
8 94 (1.05%) Adobe
9 89 (1.00%) Samsung
10 77 (0.86%) New Relic
11 72 (0.81%) IBM
12 65 (0.73%) PayPal
13 63 (0.70%) AppDynamics
14 58 (0.65%) Sun
14 58 (0.65%) VMware
15 56 (0.63%) ServiceNow
16 53 (0.59%) Sony
17 51 (0.57%) MuleSoft
17 51 (0.57%) Red Hat