Period
to 18 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 18 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
18 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 80 82 83
Rank change year-on-year +2 +1 +23
Permanent jobs citing REST 5,086 6,179 6,381
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.59% 3.68% 3.62%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.61% 9.20% 8.97%
Number of salaries quoted 4,009 4,880 5,014
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £34,250 £32,500
90th Percentile £86,250 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -5.00% +11.11% -

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 52,929 67,154 71,103
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 37.38% 40.03% 40.31%
Number of salaries quoted 43,379 55,683 58,825
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £32,250 £31,250 £29,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing REST.

Salary trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Salary histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 18 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 4,711 £57,500 - 842
UK excluding London -1 2,623 £47,500 -5.00% 537
London +6 2,365 £70,000 +7.69% 370
South East -12 967 £51,000 -2.86% 145
North of England +19 613 £45,500 +1.11% 138
North West +17 384 £47,125 +4.72% 71
South West -16 334 £45,000 -5.26% 60
Midlands -34 223 £48,931 +3.01% 73
Scotland +12 198 £45,000 -10.00% 42
Yorkshire +2 194 £46,750 +3.89% 52
East of England -8 193 £50,000 -9.09% 56
East Midlands -11 114 £41,000 -8.89% 29
West Midlands -41 109 £50,000 - 44
Wales -37 55 £42,500 +3.03% 20
Northern Ireland +17 44 £42,500 +2.41% 3
North East +34 36 £42,500 -10.53% 15

For the 6 months to 18 September 2019, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 2,791 (54.88%) Agile Software Development
2 2,303 (45.28%) JavaScript
3 1,846 (36.30%) Java
4 1,730 (34.01%) C#
5 1,627 (31.99%) .NET
6 1,521 (29.91%) HTML
7 1,504 (29.57%) CSS
8 1,480 (29.10%) SOAP
9 1,443 (28.37%) SQL
10 1,350 (26.54%) Web Services
11 1,302 (25.60%) Git (software)
12 1,239 (24.36%) TDD
13 1,098 (21.59%) MVC
13 1,098 (21.59%) AWS
14 1,092 (21.47%) SQL Server
15 1,090 (21.43%) Microservices
16 1,057 (20.78%) AngularJS
17 1,021 (20.07%) Scrum
18 1,000 (19.66%) JSON
19 972 (19.11%) Azure
19 972 (19.11%) Test Automation
20 959 (18.86%) DevOps
21 903 (17.75%) Spring
22 881 (17.32%) Software Engineering
23 868 (17.07%) Continuous Integration
24 857 (16.85%) Finance
25 836 (16.44%) Docker
26 791 (15.55%) ASP.NET
27 790 (15.53%) OO
28 780 (15.34%) React

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 173 (3.40%) Confluence
2 161 (3.17%) Apache Spark
3 145 (2.85%) Elasticsearch
4 141 (2.77%) Apache
5 125 (2.46%) Tomcat
6 112 (2.20%) CMS
7 87 (1.71%) IIS
8 80 (1.57%) JBoss
9 72 (1.42%) SharePoint
10 54 (1.06%) Apache Solr
10 54 (1.06%) WebSphere
11 45 (0.88%) OpenStack
12 44 (0.87%) BizTalk Server
13 42 (0.83%) nginx
14 41 (0.81%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 41 (0.81%) Cloud Foundry
15 40 (0.79%) WordPress
16 38 (0.75%) Mule
16 38 (0.75%) Umbraco
17 35 (0.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 19 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
2 18 (0.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 18 (0.35%) MS Visio
3 15 (0.29%) Photoshop
4 10 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
5 8 (0.16%) Adobe Premiere
6 4 (0.079%) GNU Octave
6 4 (0.079%) Zeplin
7 3 (0.059%) Adobe Illustrator
7 3 (0.059%) Chatbot
7 3 (0.059%) Sketch
8 2 (0.039%) InDesign
8 2 (0.039%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.020%) Adobe After Effects
9 1 (0.020%) Fireworks
9 1 (0.020%) InVision
9 1 (0.020%) Marvel
9 1 (0.020%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.020%) SPSS
9 1 (0.020%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 62 (1.22%) Dynamics CRM
2 49 (0.96%) Magento
3 30 (0.59%) SAP Hybris
4 28 (0.55%) NetSuite
5 14 (0.28%) Oracle BPM
5 14 (0.28%) Payment Gateway
6 10 (0.20%) SAP Business ByDesign
6 10 (0.20%) SAP Business One
7 8 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
8 7 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
9 6 (0.12%) Fredhopper
9 6 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 4 (0.079%) OpenText MBPM
10 4 (0.079%) StreamServe
11 3 (0.059%) Dynamics AX
11 3 (0.059%) Remedy ITSM
12 2 (0.039%) Oracle Applications
12 2 (0.039%) SAP CRM
12 2 (0.039%) SAP ERP
12 2 (0.039%) SAP FI
Cloud Services
1 1,098 (21.59%) AWS
2 972 (19.11%) Azure
3 323 (6.35%) SaaS
4 253 (4.97%) GCP
5 220 (4.33%) Serverless
6 174 (3.42%) GitHub
7 118 (2.32%) AWS Lambda
8 110 (2.16%) Amazon EC2
9 96 (1.89%) PaaS
10 87 (1.71%) OpenShift
11 75 (1.47%) AWS CloudFormation
12 68 (1.34%) Power Platform
13 61 (1.20%) Amazon S3
14 59 (1.16%) IaaS
15 58 (1.14%) Cloud Computing
16 51 (1.00%) npm
17 49 (0.96%) Azure Functions
18 45 (0.88%) Dynamics 365
19 39 (0.77%) Amazon SQS
20 36 (0.71%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 303 (5.96%) HTTP
2 137 (2.69%) Internet
3 106 (2.08%) HTTPS
4 89 (1.75%) TCP/IP
5 77 (1.51%) Firewall
6 50 (0.98%) SSL
7 34 (0.67%) DNS
8 29 (0.57%) SSH
9 23 (0.45%) VPN
10 20 (0.39%) Broadband
11 18 (0.35%) AMQP
12 16 (0.31%) Reverse Proxy
13 13 (0.26%) Skype
14 11 (0.22%) Bluetooth
15 10 (0.20%) SMTP
16 8 (0.16%) Intranet
16 8 (0.16%) Kerberos
16 8 (0.16%) X.509
17 7 (0.14%) FTP
17 7 (0.14%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,092 (21.47%) SQL Server
2 620 (12.19%) MySQL
3 434 (8.53%) NoSQL
4 334 (6.57%) MongoDB
5 320 (6.29%) PostgreSQL
6 252 (4.95%) Relational Database
7 222 (4.36%) Big Data
8 183 (3.60%) Redis
9 124 (2.44%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 96 (1.89%) RDBMS
11 92 (1.81%) Amazon RDS
12 81 (1.59%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 80 (1.57%) Hadoop
14 79 (1.55%) SQL Server 2012
15 67 (1.32%) Azure SQL Database
15 67 (1.32%) Power BI
16 64 (1.26%) Apache Cassandra
17 57 (1.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 46 (0.90%) Blockchain
19 44 (0.87%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1,302 (25.60%) Git (software)
2 598 (11.76%) Jenkins
3 526 (10.34%) JIRA
4 403 (7.92%) Selenium
5 333 (6.55%) JUnit
6 317 (6.23%) Maven
7 258 (5.07%) Cucumber
8 242 (4.76%) Visual Studio
9 231 (4.54%) Team Foundation Server
10 219 (4.31%) TeamCity
11 177 (3.48%) Subversion
12 176 (3.46%) Bitbucket
13 154 (3.03%) NUnit
14 143 (2.81%) SpecFlow
15 125 (2.46%) Mockito
16 124 (2.44%) Visual Studio Team System
17 114 (2.24%) WebDriver
18 101 (1.99%) webpack
19 100 (1.97%) Octopus Deploy
20 98 (1.93%) SoapUI
General
1 857 (16.85%) Finance
2 282 (5.54%) Retail
3 235 (4.62%) Marketing
4 211 (4.15%) Games
5 210 (4.13%) Banking
6 129 (2.54%) Telecoms
7 81 (1.59%) Public Sector
8 71 (1.40%) Manufacturing
9 60 (1.18%) Law
10 56 (1.10%) Advertising
11 46 (0.90%) Electronics
12 42 (0.83%) Publishing
13 38 (0.75%) Legal
14 37 (0.73%) Financial Institution
15 30 (0.59%) Front Office
16 23 (0.45%) Billing
17 20 (0.39%) Automotive
18 17 (0.33%) Investment Banking
19 15 (0.29%) Back Office
20 12 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 3,358 (66.02%) Developer
2 807 (15.87%) Senior Developer
3 775 (15.24%) Java Developer
4 648 (12.74%) .NET Developer
5 518 (10.18%) C# Developer
6 382 (7.51%) Software Developer
7 376 (7.39%) Software Engineer
8 303 (5.96%) Full Stack Developer
9 291 (5.72%) C# .NET Developer
10 241 (4.74%) Architect
11 238 (4.68%) PHP Developer
12 204 (4.01%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 191 (3.76%) Senior Java Developer
14 183 (3.60%) Senior .NET Developer
15 182 (3.58%) Lead Developer
16 168 (3.30%) Python Developer
17 152 (2.99%) Senior C# Developer
18 148 (2.91%) JavaScript Developer
19 140 (2.75%) React Developer
20 139 (2.73%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,627 (31.99%) .NET
2 1,521 (29.91%) HTML
3 1,504 (29.57%) CSS
4 1,480 (29.10%) SOAP
5 1,350 (26.54%) Web Services
6 1,057 (20.78%) AngularJS
7 1,000 (19.66%) JSON
8 903 (17.75%) Spring
9 791 (15.55%) ASP.NET
10 780 (15.34%) React
11 767 (15.08%) XML
12 614 (12.07%) jQuery
13 598 (11.76%) Node.js
14 569 (11.19%) HTML5
15 447 (8.79%) ASP.NET Web API
16 411 (8.08%) .NET Core
17 391 (7.69%) WCF
18 358 (7.04%) Spring Boot
19 345 (6.78%) .NET Framework
20 330 (6.49%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 452 (8.89%) User Experience
2 378 (7.43%) Mobile App
3 252 (4.95%) Greenfield Project
4 212 (4.17%) Analytical Skills
5 211 (4.15%) Enterprise Software
6 189 (3.72%) Self-Motivation
7 148 (2.91%) Algorithms
8 129 (2.54%) Data Structures
9 89 (1.75%) Cloud Native
10 82 (1.61%) Virtual Team
11 61 (1.20%) Public Cloud
12 60 (1.18%) Management Information System
13 54 (1.06%) Linux Command Line
14 52 (1.02%) iPad
15 50 (0.98%) Online Gambling
16 46 (0.90%) Social Media
17 36 (0.71%) Hedge funds
18 35 (0.69%) Client/Server
19 34 (0.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
20 33 (0.65%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 578 (11.36%) Linux
2 310 (6.10%) Windows
3 291 (5.72%) Android
4 261 (5.13%) Apple iOS
5 123 (2.42%) Unix
6 36 (0.71%) Windows Server
7 28 (0.55%) CentOS
8 25 (0.49%) Ubuntu
9 20 (0.39%) Mac OS X
10 12 (0.24%) Fedora
10 12 (0.24%) Mac OS
11 10 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 7 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
13 5 (0.098%) AIX
13 5 (0.098%) Solaris
13 5 (0.098%) Windows 7
13 5 (0.098%) Windows 8
14 4 (0.079%) Windows Server 2008
15 2 (0.039%) Embedded Linux
15 2 (0.039%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,791 (54.88%) Agile Software Development
2 1,239 (24.36%) TDD
3 1,098 (21.59%) MVC
4 1,090 (21.43%) Microservices
5 1,021 (20.07%) Scrum
6 972 (19.11%) Test Automation
7 959 (18.86%) DevOps
8 881 (17.32%) Software Engineering
9 868 (17.07%) Continuous Integration
10 790 (15.53%) OO
11 716 (14.08%) BDD
12 627 (12.33%) Problem-Solving
13 599 (11.78%) Computer Science
14 554 (10.89%) Web Development
15 515 (10.13%) Unit Testing
16 497 (9.77%) Mentoring
17 457 (8.99%) Kanban
18 422 (8.30%) OOP
19 375 (7.37%) E-Commerce
20 362 (7.12%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 2,303 (45.28%) JavaScript
2 1,846 (36.30%) Java
3 1,730 (34.01%) C#
4 1,443 (28.37%) SQL
5 745 (14.65%) Python
6 411 (8.08%) PHP
7 369 (7.26%) Java 8
8 281 (5.52%) TypeScript
9 211 (4.15%) T-SQL
10 183 (3.60%) PowerShell
11 181 (3.56%) C++
12 173 (3.40%) Go
13 167 (3.28%) ES6
14 147 (2.89%) Ruby
15 139 (2.73%) Scala
16 133 (2.62%) Kotlin
17 121 (2.38%) C
18 119 (2.34%) VB.NET
19 92 (1.81%) Groovy
20 91 (1.79%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 746 (14.67%) Degree
2 317 (6.23%) Computer Science Degree
3 90 (1.77%) ISTQB
3 90 (1.77%) Security Cleared
4 63 (1.24%) Microsoft Certification
5 42 (0.83%) Cisco Certification
5 42 (0.83%) CISSP
6 41 (0.81%) ISEB
7 40 (0.79%) CCNA
8 38 (0.75%) CompTIA Security+
8 38 (0.75%) GIAC
8 38 (0.75%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 38 (0.75%) Linux+ Certification
8 38 (0.75%) MCSE
8 38 (0.75%) Network+ Certification
8 38 (0.75%) SANS
8 38 (0.75%) SSCP
9 32 (0.63%) SC Cleared
10 25 (0.49%) DV Cleared
11 18 (0.35%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 457 (8.99%) QA
2 47 (0.92%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 40 (0.79%) GDPR
4 30 (0.59%) Data Quality
5 13 (0.26%) PCI DSS
6 6 (0.12%) SLA
7 5 (0.098%) ISO 8583
7 5 (0.098%) NCSC
8 3 (0.059%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 2 (0.039%) ISO/IEC 27005
9 2 (0.039%) PSD2
9 2 (0.039%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.020%) BS7666
10 1 (0.020%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.020%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 1 (0.020%) WAI
System Software
1 836 (16.44%) Docker
2 77 (1.51%) Active Directory
3 34 (0.67%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (0.37%) Varnish
5 14 (0.28%) vSphere
6 8 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 8 (0.16%) Cronacle
7 4 (0.079%) HDFS
7 4 (0.079%) oVirt
7 4 (0.079%) RHEV
8 3 (0.059%) Hyper-V
9 2 (0.039%) IAG
10 1 (0.020%) Ceph
10 1 (0.020%) Firmware
10 1 (0.020%) Lustre
10 1 (0.020%) NFS
Systems Management
1 605 (11.90%) Kubernetes
2 115 (2.26%) Ansible
3 81 (1.59%) Opscode Chef
4 79 (1.55%) Puppet
5 75 (1.47%) Terraform
6 43 (0.85%) Grafana
7 39 (0.77%) Prometheus
8 37 (0.73%) Kibana
9 35 (0.69%) Rancher
10 25 (0.49%) Mesos
10 25 (0.49%) Single Sign-On
11 18 (0.35%) Salt
12 11 (0.22%) HP Quality Center
13 8 (0.16%) Automic
13 8 (0.16%) Control-M
14 7 (0.14%) Docker Swarm
15 6 (0.12%) CA Single Sign-On
15 6 (0.12%) SQL Sentry
15 6 (0.12%) Tivoli
16 5 (0.098%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 608 (11.95%) Microsoft
2 314 (6.17%) Oracle
3 252 (4.95%) Google
4 173 (3.40%) Salesforce.com
5 139 (2.73%) SAP
6 104 (2.04%) MuleSoft
7 87 (1.71%) Zend
8 78 (1.53%) IBM
9 69 (1.36%) Xamarin
10 64 (1.26%) Atlassian
11 62 (1.22%) Adobe
12 56 (1.10%) Splunk
13 42 (0.83%) Apple
13 42 (0.83%) hybris
14 35 (0.69%) Sage
15 34 (0.67%) VMware
16 32 (0.63%) ServiceNow
16 32 (0.63%) Sitecore
16 32 (0.63%) Tableau
17 31 (0.61%) WorldPay