Period
to 25 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 25 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
25 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 69 84 82
Rank change year-on-year +15 -2 +10
Permanent jobs citing REST 5,009 5,478 6,272
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.01% 3.61% 3.60%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.32% 9.12% 8.90%
Number of salaries quoted 3,920 4,286 5,079
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £32,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £48,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -1.04% +6.67% -

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 48,550 60,052 70,439
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.87% 39.57% 40.45%
Number of salaries quoted 39,841 49,176 59,232
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing REST.

Salary trend for REST in the UK

REST
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 25 January 2020.

Salary histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 25 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +16 4,664 £55,000 - 887
UK excluding London +12 2,505 £47,500 -1.04% 555
London +22 2,427 £70,000 +7.69% 398
South East +6 861 £50,000 - 141
North of England +34 589 £45,000 -5.26% 160
North West +51 332 £45,000 -7.22% 86
South West -19 306 £45,000 - 52
Midlands +1 294 £49,362 +12.19% 85
West Midlands +23 202 £50,000 +13.64% 43
East of England +15 190 £52,500 - 51
Scotland +38 187 £42,500 -15.00% 45
Yorkshire +25 184 £47,500 +5.56% 55
East Midlands -35 92 £40,000 -2.44% 42
North East +37 73 £40,000 -11.11% 19
Wales -12 56 £40,000 -9.09% 20
Northern Ireland +8 31 £50,000 +25.00% 1

For the 6 months to 25 January 2020, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 2,721 (54.32%) Agile Software Development
2 2,262 (45.16%) JavaScript
3 1,767 (35.28%) C#
4 1,676 (33.46%) .NET
5 1,648 (32.90%) Java
6 1,596 (31.86%) CSS
7 1,562 (31.18%) HTML
8 1,480 (29.55%) SQL
9 1,385 (27.65%) SOAP
10 1,381 (27.57%) Web Services
11 1,202 (24.00%) AWS
12 1,168 (23.32%) Git (software)
13 1,086 (21.68%) TDD
14 1,059 (21.14%) SQL Server
15 1,048 (20.92%) Finance
16 1,029 (20.54%) MVC
17 1,008 (20.12%) Microservices
18 997 (19.90%) Scrum
19 991 (19.78%) AngularJS
20 982 (19.60%) Azure
21 968 (19.33%) DevOps
22 952 (19.01%) Software Engineering
23 936 (18.69%) JSON
24 934 (18.65%) Docker
25 867 (17.31%) Test Automation
26 823 (16.43%) Continuous Integration
27 815 (16.27%) XML
28 791 (15.79%) ASP.NET
29 764 (15.25%) React
30 714 (14.25%) Python

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 173 (3.45%) Elasticsearch
2 165 (3.29%) Confluence
3 149 (2.97%) Tomcat
4 146 (2.91%) Apache Spark
5 120 (2.40%) CMS
6 115 (2.30%) Apache
7 90 (1.80%) IIS
8 69 (1.38%) SharePoint
9 67 (1.34%) JBoss
10 65 (1.30%) nginx
11 55 (1.10%) EPiServer
12 50 (1.00%) WebSphere
13 47 (0.94%) Mule
14 37 (0.74%) WebLogic
15 33 (0.66%) OpenStack
16 32 (0.64%) Cloud Foundry
16 32 (0.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 31 (0.62%) Sitecore CMS
18 30 (0.60%) Anypoint
19 26 (0.52%) WordPress
Applications
1 39 (0.78%) MS Visio
2 25 (0.50%) Microsoft Excel
3 23 (0.46%) Microsoft Office
4 16 (0.32%) Adobe XD
4 16 (0.32%) InVision
4 16 (0.32%) Zeplin
5 12 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 9 (0.18%) Chatbot
7 8 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
8 5 (0.100%) Photoshop
9 3 (0.060%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.040%) Adobe Premiere
10 2 (0.040%) Gliffy
10 2 (0.040%) Microsoft Project
10 2 (0.040%) Sketch
11 1 (0.020%) Figma
11 1 (0.020%) GNU Octave
11 1 (0.020%) InDesign
11 1 (0.020%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 49 (0.98%) Dynamics CRM
2 24 (0.48%) Magento
3 20 (0.40%) SAP Hybris
4 19 (0.38%) NetSuite
5 16 (0.32%) Distributed Ledger
6 10 (0.20%) HFM
6 10 (0.20%) Oracle FAH
7 8 (0.16%) Adobe Campaign
7 8 (0.16%) Elite 3E
8 7 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
8 7 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
8 7 (0.14%) SAP Business One
9 6 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
10 5 (0.100%) BusinessWorks
10 5 (0.100%) Eloqua
10 5 (0.100%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 5 (0.100%) Visualfiles
11 4 (0.080%) Dynamics AX
11 4 (0.080%) Oracle CRM
11 4 (0.080%) SAP Business ByDesign
Cloud Services
1 1,202 (24.00%) AWS
2 982 (19.60%) Azure
3 320 (6.39%) SaaS
4 258 (5.15%) GitHub
5 204 (4.07%) GCP
6 190 (3.79%) Serverless
7 124 (2.48%) AWS Lambda
8 98 (1.96%) PaaS
9 95 (1.90%) npm
10 81 (1.62%) Amazon EC2
11 76 (1.52%) Power Platform
12 65 (1.30%) Cloud Computing
13 54 (1.08%) Salesforce Service Cloud
14 52 (1.04%) AWS CloudFormation
15 46 (0.92%) Amazon SQS
16 42 (0.84%) Amazon S3
17 41 (0.82%) IaaS
18 39 (0.78%) Boomi
19 36 (0.72%) Amazon ECS
19 36 (0.72%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 302 (6.03%) HTTP
2 122 (2.44%) Internet
3 68 (1.36%) TCP/IP
4 47 (0.94%) HTTPS
4 47 (0.94%) SSL
5 46 (0.92%) Firewall
6 36 (0.72%) DNS
7 25 (0.50%) SSH
8 22 (0.44%) VoIP
9 19 (0.38%) X.509
10 18 (0.36%) SMS
11 16 (0.32%) Network Security
12 13 (0.26%) FTP
13 12 (0.24%) Skype
14 11 (0.22%) AMQP
14 11 (0.22%) Intranet
15 9 (0.18%) RTP
16 8 (0.16%) VPN
17 6 (0.12%) DSL
18 5 (0.100%) GPON
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,059 (21.14%) SQL Server
2 521 (10.40%) MySQL
3 351 (7.01%) NoSQL
3 351 (7.01%) PostgreSQL
4 245 (4.89%) Relational Database
5 206 (4.11%) MongoDB
6 188 (3.75%) Redis
7 172 (3.43%) Big Data
8 115 (2.30%) SQL Server 2012
9 111 (2.22%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 100 (2.00%) Amazon RDS
11 98 (1.96%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 75 (1.50%) Azure SQL Database
12 75 (1.50%) Power BI
13 71 (1.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 70 (1.40%) Hadoop
15 63 (1.26%) RDBMS
16 61 (1.22%) Oracle Database
17 57 (1.14%) Data Warehouse
18 36 (0.72%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1,168 (23.32%) Git (software)
2 552 (11.02%) Jenkins
3 469 (9.36%) JIRA
4 377 (7.53%) Selenium
5 306 (6.11%) Maven
6 303 (6.05%) JUnit
7 243 (4.85%) Visual Studio
8 212 (4.23%) Cucumber
9 202 (4.03%) Team Foundation Server
10 200 (3.99%) Bitbucket
11 150 (2.99%) webpack
12 133 (2.66%) Subversion
13 128 (2.56%) NUnit
14 127 (2.54%) WebDriver
15 122 (2.44%) Postman
16 117 (2.34%) TeamCity
17 111 (2.22%) SoapUI
18 106 (2.12%) Octopus Deploy
19 103 (2.06%) Jasmine
20 96 (1.92%) SpecFlow
General
1 1,048 (20.92%) Finance
2 277 (5.53%) Marketing
3 235 (4.69%) Banking
4 208 (4.15%) Retail
5 125 (2.50%) Games
6 109 (2.18%) Public Sector
7 97 (1.94%) Telecoms
8 78 (1.56%) Manufacturing
9 53 (1.06%) Advertising
9 53 (1.06%) Electronics
10 51 (1.02%) Legal
11 50 (1.00%) Law
12 42 (0.84%) Financial Institution
13 32 (0.64%) Publishing
14 31 (0.62%) Automotive
15 23 (0.46%) Investment Banking
16 20 (0.40%) Billing
17 17 (0.34%) Aerospace
18 16 (0.32%) Retail Banking
19 14 (0.28%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 3,205 (63.98%) Developer
2 795 (15.87%) Senior Developer
3 637 (12.72%) Java Developer
4 585 (11.68%) .NET Developer
5 469 (9.36%) C# Developer
6 448 (8.94%) Software Engineer
7 379 (7.57%) Software Developer
8 285 (5.69%) Full Stack Developer
9 272 (5.43%) C# .NET Developer
10 266 (5.31%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 253 (5.05%) PHP Developer
12 199 (3.97%) Architect
13 191 (3.81%) Senior Java Developer
14 180 (3.59%) JavaScript Developer
15 170 (3.39%) Analyst
15 170 (3.39%) Angular Developer
16 166 (3.31%) Senior .NET Developer
17 162 (3.23%) Python Developer
17 162 (3.23%) React Developer
18 160 (3.19%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,676 (33.46%) .NET
2 1,596 (31.86%) CSS
3 1,562 (31.18%) HTML
4 1,385 (27.65%) SOAP
5 1,381 (27.57%) Web Services
6 991 (19.78%) AngularJS
7 936 (18.69%) JSON
8 815 (16.27%) XML
9 791 (15.79%) ASP.NET
10 764 (15.25%) React
11 706 (14.09%) Spring
12 557 (11.12%) jQuery
13 526 (10.50%) HTML5
14 524 (10.46%) Node.js
15 441 (8.80%) ASP.NET Web API
16 416 (8.31%) .NET Core
17 373 (7.45%) RESTful
18 369 (7.37%) .NET Framework
19 350 (6.99%) ASP.NET MVC
20 305 (6.09%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 368 (7.35%) User Experience
2 331 (6.61%) Mobile App
3 289 (5.77%) Greenfield Project
4 260 (5.19%) Analytical Skills
5 191 (3.81%) Self-Motivation
6 166 (3.31%) Enterprise Software
7 141 (2.81%) Data Structures
8 130 (2.60%) Algorithms
9 98 (1.96%) Cloud Native
10 61 (1.22%) Management Information System
10 61 (1.22%) Virtual Team
11 57 (1.14%) Linux Command Line
12 48 (0.96%) Public Cloud
13 43 (0.86%) iPad
14 40 (0.80%) Online Gambling
15 39 (0.78%) Data Centre
16 33 (0.66%) Social Media
17 25 (0.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 23 (0.46%) PMI
18 23 (0.46%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 567 (11.32%) Linux
2 309 (6.17%) Windows
3 280 (5.59%) Android
4 238 (4.75%) Apple iOS
5 134 (2.68%) Unix
6 73 (1.46%) Mac OS X
7 37 (0.74%) Windows Server
8 36 (0.72%) CentOS
9 23 (0.46%) Ubuntu
10 18 (0.36%) Fedora
11 12 (0.24%) Windows Mobile
11 12 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
12 9 (0.18%) Mac OS
12 9 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 8 (0.16%) Windows 7
13 8 (0.16%) Windows 8
14 4 (0.080%) Debian
15 3 (0.060%) AIX
15 3 (0.060%) Solaris
16 2 (0.040%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,721 (54.32%) Agile Software Development
2 1,086 (21.68%) TDD
3 1,029 (20.54%) MVC
4 1,008 (20.12%) Microservices
5 997 (19.90%) Scrum
6 968 (19.33%) DevOps
7 952 (19.01%) Software Engineering
8 867 (17.31%) Test Automation
9 823 (16.43%) Continuous Integration
10 707 (14.11%) OO
11 583 (11.64%) Web Development
12 573 (11.44%) BDD
13 560 (11.18%) Problem-Solving
14 524 (10.46%) Computer Science
15 479 (9.56%) Mentoring
16 458 (9.14%) Fintech
17 415 (8.29%) OOP
18 414 (8.27%) Front End Development
19 412 (8.23%) Unit Testing
20 349 (6.97%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,262 (45.16%) JavaScript
2 1,767 (35.28%) C#
3 1,648 (32.90%) Java
4 1,480 (29.55%) SQL
5 714 (14.25%) Python
6 400 (7.99%) PHP
7 371 (7.41%) Java 8
8 334 (6.67%) TypeScript
9 179 (3.57%) T-SQL
10 175 (3.49%) ES6
11 165 (3.29%) Ruby
12 163 (3.25%) C++
13 152 (3.03%) C
14 151 (3.01%) Go
14 151 (3.01%) Kotlin
15 145 (2.89%) PowerShell
16 121 (2.42%) Apple Swift
17 119 (2.38%) VB.NET
18 116 (2.32%) Scala
19 99 (1.98%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 579 (11.56%) Degree
2 294 (5.87%) Computer Science Degree
3 72 (1.44%) Security Cleared
4 67 (1.34%) ISTQB
5 39 (0.78%) SC Cleared
6 36 (0.72%) Microsoft Certification
6 36 (0.72%) PMI Certification
7 35 (0.70%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 25 (0.50%) ISEB
9 18 (0.36%) Cisco Certification
10 16 (0.32%) CCNA
10 16 (0.32%) CISSP
11 15 (0.30%) CompTIA Security+
11 15 (0.30%) GIAC
11 15 (0.30%) Linux+ Certification
11 15 (0.30%) Master's Degree
11 15 (0.30%) MCSE
11 15 (0.30%) Network+ Certification
11 15 (0.30%) SANS
11 15 (0.30%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 467 (9.32%) QA
2 38 (0.76%) GDPR
3 37 (0.74%) Data Quality
4 14 (0.28%) PCI DSS
5 8 (0.16%) PSD2
6 7 (0.14%) SLA
7 5 (0.100%) Solvency II
8 4 (0.080%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.080%) WCAG
9 3 (0.060%) Government Security Classifications
9 3 (0.060%) NCSC
9 3 (0.060%) PMO
10 2 (0.040%) PA-DSS
10 2 (0.040%) RMADS
11 1 (0.020%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.020%) WAI
System Software
1 934 (18.65%) Docker
2 68 (1.36%) Active Directory
3 33 (0.66%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (0.26%) Varnish
5 11 (0.22%) ACF2
5 11 (0.22%) RACF
5 11 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
5 11 (0.22%) vSphere
6 9 (0.18%) Hyper-V
7 6 (0.12%) IAG
7 6 (0.12%) Postfix
8 4 (0.080%) Cronacle
8 4 (0.080%) KVM
9 2 (0.040%) Firmware
9 2 (0.040%) LXC
9 2 (0.040%) NFS
9 2 (0.040%) Oracle RAC
9 2 (0.040%) Xen
10 1 (0.020%) Lustre
10 1 (0.020%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 558 (11.14%) Kubernetes
2 123 (2.46%) Terraform
3 92 (1.84%) Ansible
4 87 (1.74%) Mesos
4 87 (1.74%) Puppet
5 63 (1.26%) Opscode Chef
6 39 (0.78%) Grafana
6 39 (0.78%) Marathon
7 35 (0.70%) Kibana
8 29 (0.58%) Rancher
8 29 (0.58%) Single Sign-On
9 20 (0.40%) Automic
9 20 (0.40%) Salt
10 14 (0.28%) Prometheus
11 12 (0.24%) Oracle Identity Management
12 10 (0.20%) Packer
13 8 (0.16%) Tivoli
14 7 (0.14%) ZABBIX
15 6 (0.12%) ITRS Geneos
15 6 (0.12%) Nagios
Vendors
1 568 (11.34%) Microsoft
2 326 (6.51%) Oracle
3 217 (4.33%) Salesforce.com
4 211 (4.21%) Google
5 129 (2.58%) SAP
6 116 (2.32%) MuleSoft
7 104 (2.08%) IBM
8 93 (1.86%) Atlassian
9 81 (1.62%) Zend
10 76 (1.52%) Adobe
11 60 (1.20%) Xamarin
12 43 (0.86%) TIBCO
13 42 (0.84%) Splunk
13 42 (0.84%) Tableau
14 38 (0.76%) Dell
15 37 (0.74%) Sitecore
16 35 (0.70%) VMware
17 34 (0.68%) Apple
18 31 (0.62%) WorldPay
19 30 (0.60%) Sage