Period
to 18 July 2018

The median contractor rate for a Penetration Tester was £500 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 18 July 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Penetration Tester
UK
6 months to
18 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 844 809 794
Rank change year-on-year -35 -15 +88
Contract jobs requiring a Penetration Tester 47 31 110
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.045% 0.033% 0.100%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.048% 0.034% 0.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 35 22 74
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £317 £410 £425
90th Percentile £675 £610 £685
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £513 £500
% change year-on-year +2.44% +2.50% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
UK median hourly rate £62.50 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 98,167 90,219 104,724
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.86% 94.95% 95.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 64,297 58,469 68,118
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £269 £263 £255
90th Percentile £638 £619 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +3.13% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3,167 2,926 3,153
UK median hourly rate £18.50 £18.70 £19.44
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.06% -3.79% +11.06%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.75 £10.38
90th Percentile £48.75 £50.00 £47.39
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.77 £19.00
% change year-on-year -1.52% -6.47% +11.76%

Penetration Tester
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Penetration Tester in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Penetration Tester in the UK

Penetration Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Penetration Tester.

Contractor daily rate trend for Penetration Tester in the UK

Penetration Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Penetration Tester over the 6 months to 18 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Penetration Tester in the UK

Penetration Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Penetration Tester.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Penetration Tester in the UK

Penetration Tester
Top 6 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Penetration Tester within the UK over the 6 months to 18 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -27 45 £488 -2.50% 41
London -13 39 £475 -5.00% 21
UK excluding London -27 7 £525 +2.44% 19
East of England - 5 £525 - 1
South East -26 1 - - 11
Wales - 1 - -

Penetration Tester Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 18 July 2018, Penetration Tester contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Penetration Tester in the job title.

1 36 (76.60%) Penetration Testing
2 19 (40.43%) Amazon AWS
3 14 (29.79%) Security Testing
3 14 (29.79%) Nessus
4 13 (27.66%) Java
5 12 (25.53%) SDLC
6 11 (23.40%) Kubernetes
6 11 (23.40%) Cybersecurity
6 11 (23.40%) Docker
6 11 (23.40%) CREST Certified
6 11 (23.40%) Microsoft Azure
6 11 (23.40%) Reverse Engineering
6 11 (23.40%) Ethical Hacking
7 10 (21.28%) Open Source
7 10 (21.28%) Android
7 10 (21.28%) Hadoop
7 10 (21.28%) Apple iOS
7 10 (21.28%) Burp Suite
8 9 (19.15%) Fintech
8 9 (19.15%) CESG
9 8 (17.02%) Banking
9 8 (17.02%) Technical Architecture
9 8 (17.02%) CHECK Team Member
9 8 (17.02%) Public Cloud
9 8 (17.02%) OSCP
9 8 (17.02%) IaaS
10 6 (12.77%) Information Security
10 6 (12.77%) Security Cleared
10 6 (12.77%) SC Cleared
11 5 (10.64%) Security Operations

Penetration Tester Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Cloud Services
1 19 (40.43%) Amazon AWS
2 11 (23.40%) Microsoft Azure
3 8 (17.02%) IaaS
4 1 (2.13%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 3 (6.38%) Firewall
2 1 (2.13%) DHCP
2 1 (2.13%) DMZ
2 1 (2.13%) DNS
2 1 (2.13%) Internet
2 1 (2.13%) Intrusion Detection
2 1 (2.13%) LAN
2 1 (2.13%) Network Security
2 1 (2.13%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 10 (21.28%) Hadoop
2 1 (2.13%) MySQL
2 1 (2.13%) NonStop SQL
2 1 (2.13%) Oracle Reports
2 1 (2.13%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 10 (21.28%) Burp Suite
2 2 (4.26%) Metasploit
3 1 (2.13%) sqlmap
General
1 8 (17.02%) Banking
2 5 (10.64%) Finance
3 4 (8.51%) Law
4 1 (2.13%) Automotive
4 1 (2.13%) Telecoms
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1 (2.13%) .NET
1 1 (2.13%) HTML
1 1 (2.13%) HTML5
1 1 (2.13%) jQuery
1 1 (2.13%) Middleware
1 1 (2.13%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 9 (19.15%) CESG
1 9 (19.15%) Fintech
2 8 (17.02%) Public Cloud
3 4 (8.51%) Data Centre
3 4 (8.51%) Mobile App
4 2 (4.26%) Cyber Defence
5 1 (2.13%) Cloud Native
5 1 (2.13%) Cyberattack
Operating Systems
1 10 (21.28%) Android
1 10 (21.28%) Apple iOS
2 4 (8.51%) Unix
2 4 (8.51%) Windows
3 2 (4.26%) Linux
4 1 (2.13%) CentOS
4 1 (2.13%) FreeBSD
4 1 (2.13%) OpenBSD
4 1 (2.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 1 (2.13%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 36 (76.60%) Penetration Testing
2 14 (29.79%) Security Testing
3 12 (25.53%) SDLC
4 11 (23.40%) Cybersecurity
4 11 (23.40%) Ethical Hacking
4 11 (23.40%) Reverse Engineering
5 10 (21.28%) Open Source
6 8 (17.02%) Technical Architecture
7 6 (12.77%) Information Security
8 5 (10.64%) Agile Software Development
8 5 (10.64%) Forensic Analysis
8 5 (10.64%) OWASP
8 5 (10.64%) Security Operations
8 5 (10.64%) Stakeholder Management
9 4 (8.51%) Continuous Integration
9 4 (8.51%) Programme Delivery
9 4 (8.51%) Threat Management
10 3 (6.38%) Threat Modelling
10 3 (6.38%) Vulnerability Assessment
11 2 (4.26%) Vulnerability Scanning
Programming Languages
1 13 (27.66%) Java
2 5 (10.64%) C++
2 5 (10.64%) Python
3 4 (8.51%) Ruby
4 3 (6.38%) C
4 3 (6.38%) Perl
5 2 (4.26%) Bash Shell
5 2 (4.26%) C#
5 2 (4.26%) PHP
6 1 (2.13%) JavaScript
6 1 (2.13%) PowerShell
6 1 (2.13%) SQL
6 1 (2.13%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 11 (23.40%) CREST Certified
2 8 (17.02%) CHECK Team Member
2 8 (17.02%) OSCP
3 6 (12.77%) SC Cleared
3 6 (12.77%) Security Cleared
4 3 (6.38%) CEH
4 3 (6.38%) SANS
5 2 (4.26%) CHECK Team Leader
5 2 (4.26%) Degree
6 1 (2.13%) CCSAM
6 1 (2.13%) CCSAS
6 1 (2.13%) CISSP
6 1 (2.13%) DV Cleared
6 1 (2.13%) GIAC
6 1 (2.13%) GPEN
6 1 (2.13%) GWAPT
6 1 (2.13%) Tigerscheme
System Software
1 11 (23.40%) Docker
2 1 (2.13%) KVM
2 1 (2.13%) QEMU
2 1 (2.13%) Virtual Machines
2 1 (2.13%) VirtualBox
2 1 (2.13%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 14 (29.79%) Nessus
2 11 (23.40%) Kubernetes
3 3 (6.38%) Nmap
Vendors
1 5 (10.64%) Qualys
2 1 (2.13%) AlienVault
2 1 (2.13%) Google
2 1 (2.13%) LogRhythm
2 1 (2.13%) McAfee
2 1 (2.13%) Oracle
2 1 (2.13%) ServiceNow
2 1 (2.13%) VMware