Period
to 19 April 2018

The median contractor rate for a Penetration Tester was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 19 April 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Penetration Tester
UK
6 months to
19 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 827 765 810
Rank change year-on-year -62 +45 +10
Contract jobs requiring a Penetration Tester 50 63 83
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.049% 0.068% 0.078%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.052% 0.072% 0.082%
Number of daily rates quoted 33 37 57
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.53% -2.56% +5.41%
10th Percentile £336 £365 £384
90th Percentile £675 £618 £554
UK excluding London median daily rate £550 £450 £500
% change year-on-year +22.22% -10.00% +8.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 1
UK median hourly rate £62.50 - £42.50
10th Percentile £61.25 - £41.25
90th Percentile £63.75 - £43.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £42.50

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 96,001 87,918 101,505
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.95% 94.87% 95.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 63,167 57,151 65,412
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £263 £258 £251
90th Percentile £632 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £385
% change year-on-year +2.50% +3.90% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,952 3,021 3,351
UK median hourly rate £18.50 £18.75 £19.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.33% -3.85% +15.73%
10th Percentile £10.88 £10.75 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.54 £48.75 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £18.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year -2.78% -5.26% +15.15%

Penetration Tester
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Penetration Tester in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Penetration Tester in the UK

Penetration Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Penetration Tester.

Contractor daily rate trend for Penetration Tester in the UK

Penetration Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Penetration Tester over the 6 months to 19 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Penetration Tester in the UK

Penetration Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Penetration Tester.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Penetration Tester in the UK

Penetration Tester
Top 9 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Penetration Tester within the UK over the 6 months to 19 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -62 46 £538 +13.16% 21
London -30 34 £500 - 9
UK excluding London -37 16 £550 +22.22% 12
East of England - 8 £525 - 2
Wales -9 3 £500 -16.67%
South East -41 3 £550 +25.00% 2
Midlands +5 1 £550 +15.79% 2
West Midlands -13 1 £550 +15.79% 2
Scotland - 1 £401 -

Penetration Tester Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 19 April 2018, Penetration Tester contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Penetration Tester in the job title.

1 33 (66.00%) Penetration Testing
2 16 (32.00%) Amazon AWS
3 15 (30.00%) Nessus
4 13 (26.00%) Security Testing
5 12 (24.00%) SDLC
5 12 (24.00%) CREST Certified
6 11 (22.00%) Cybersecurity
6 11 (22.00%) Open Source
7 10 (20.00%) Burp Suite
7 10 (20.00%) Agile Software Development
7 10 (20.00%) CHECK Team Member
8 9 (18.00%) Ethical Hacking
8 9 (18.00%) Docker
8 9 (18.00%) Kubernetes
8 9 (18.00%) Hadoop
8 9 (18.00%) Microsoft Azure
9 8 (16.00%) CESG
9 8 (16.00%) Java
10 7 (14.00%) Information Security
10 7 (14.00%) Continuous Integration
10 7 (14.00%) Android
10 7 (14.00%) Reverse Engineering
10 7 (14.00%) Apple iOS
11 6 (12.00%) IaaS
11 6 (12.00%) Public Cloud
11 6 (12.00%) Qualys
11 6 (12.00%) Banking
11 6 (12.00%) Technical Architecture
11 6 (12.00%) Security Operations
11 6 (12.00%) Threat Management

Penetration Tester Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1 (2.00%) nginx
Cloud Services
1 16 (32.00%) Amazon AWS
2 9 (18.00%) Microsoft Azure
3 6 (12.00%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 4 (8.00%) Firewall
2 2 (4.00%) Network Security
3 1 (2.00%) DHCP
3 1 (2.00%) DMZ
3 1 (2.00%) DNS
3 1 (2.00%) Intrusion Detection
3 1 (2.00%) LAN
3 1 (2.00%) VoIP
3 1 (2.00%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 9 (18.00%) Hadoop
2 2 (4.00%) PostgreSQL
3 1 (2.00%) MongoDB
3 1 (2.00%) MySQL
3 1 (2.00%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 10 (20.00%) Burp Suite
2 3 (6.00%) JIRA
2 3 (6.00%) MSTest
2 3 (6.00%) Team Foundation Server
3 2 (4.00%) Metasploit
4 1 (2.00%) CircleCI
4 1 (2.00%) Jenkins
4 1 (2.00%) sqlmap
4 1 (2.00%) Travis CI
General
1 6 (12.00%) Banking
2 5 (10.00%) Law
3 2 (4.00%) Finance
4 1 (2.00%) Games
4 1 (2.00%) Telecoms
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3 (6.00%) XML
2 1 (2.00%) HTML
2 1 (2.00%) HTML5
2 1 (2.00%) jQuery
2 1 (2.00%) Middleware
2 1 (2.00%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 8 (16.00%) CESG
2 6 (12.00%) Fintech
2 6 (12.00%) Public Cloud
3 5 (10.00%) Data Centre
3 5 (10.00%) Mobile App
4 2 (4.00%) Client/Server
5 1 (2.00%) Computer Science
Operating Systems
1 7 (14.00%) Android
1 7 (14.00%) Apple iOS
2 4 (8.00%) Windows
3 3 (6.00%) Unix
4 2 (4.00%) Linux
5 1 (2.00%) CentOS
5 1 (2.00%) FreeBSD
5 1 (2.00%) OpenBSD
5 1 (2.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1 (2.00%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 33 (66.00%) Penetration Testing
2 13 (26.00%) Security Testing
3 12 (24.00%) SDLC
4 11 (22.00%) Cybersecurity
4 11 (22.00%) Open Source
5 10 (20.00%) Agile Software Development
6 9 (18.00%) Ethical Hacking
7 7 (14.00%) Continuous Integration
7 7 (14.00%) Information Security
7 7 (14.00%) Reverse Engineering
8 6 (12.00%) Security Operations
8 6 (12.00%) Technical Architecture
8 6 (12.00%) Threat Management
9 5 (10.00%) Forensic Analysis
9 5 (10.00%) OWASP
9 5 (10.00%) Programme Delivery
9 5 (10.00%) Stakeholder Management
10 3 (6.00%) Fuzz Testing
10 3 (6.00%) Validation
10 3 (6.00%) Vulnerability Scanning
Programming Languages
1 8 (16.00%) Java
2 4 (8.00%) SQL
3 3 (6.00%) Python
4 2 (4.00%) C++
4 2 (4.00%) PHP
4 2 (4.00%) Ruby
5 1 (2.00%) Bash Shell
5 1 (2.00%) C#
5 1 (2.00%) JavaScript
5 1 (2.00%) Perl
5 1 (2.00%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 12 (24.00%) CREST Certified
2 10 (20.00%) CHECK Team Member
3 4 (8.00%) CISSP
3 4 (8.00%) OSCP
3 4 (8.00%) SC Cleared
3 4 (8.00%) Security Cleared
4 3 (6.00%) CEH
4 3 (6.00%) CHECK Team Leader
4 3 (6.00%) GPEN
4 3 (6.00%) ISEB
4 3 (6.00%) ISTQB
4 3 (6.00%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
4 3 (6.00%) SANS
5 2 (4.00%) CCSAM
5 2 (4.00%) Degree
5 2 (4.00%) GIAC
5 2 (4.00%) OSCE
6 1 (2.00%) CCSAS
6 1 (2.00%) GWAPT
6 1 (2.00%) Tigerscheme
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (4.00%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 9 (18.00%) Docker
2 1 (2.00%) KVM
2 1 (2.00%) QEMU
2 1 (2.00%) Virtual Machines
2 1 (2.00%) VirtualBox
2 1 (2.00%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 15 (30.00%) Nessus
2 9 (18.00%) Kubernetes
3 2 (4.00%) HP Quality Center
3 2 (4.00%) Nmap
Vendors
1 6 (12.00%) Qualys
2 1 (2.00%) AlienVault
2 1 (2.00%) LogRhythm
2 1 (2.00%) McAfee
2 1 (2.00%) Oracle
2 1 (2.00%) VMware