Period
to 15 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Secure Coding skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Secure Coding over the 6 months to 15 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Secure Code Development
UK
6 months to
15 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 725 790 729
Rank change year-on-year +65 -61 +112
Contract jobs citing Secure Coding 153 105 178
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.15% 0.10% 0.17%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.17% 0.12% 0.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 125 67 110
UK median daily rate £450 £488 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -7.69% +8.33% -10.89%
10th Percentile £317 £346 £348
90th Percentile £675 £695 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £365 £450 £435
% change year-on-year -18.99% +3.45% -3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 4
UK median hourly rate - - £40.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £40.00

Secure Coding is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 89,966 88,328 90,655
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.36% 85.73% 85.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 59,547 58,692 59,765
UK median daily rate £460 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.22% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £300 £276 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,344 2,127 2,494
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £23.14 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.93% +2.84% +2.27%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.50 £49.75 £48.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.25 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -11.46% +6.67% -

Secure Coding
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Secure Coding as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Secure Coding in the UK

Secure Coding
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Secure Coding.

Contractor daily rate trend for Secure Coding in the UK

Secure Coding
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Secure Coding over the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Secure Coding in the UK

Secure Coding
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Secure Coding.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Secure Coding in the UK

Secure Coding
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Secure Coding within the UK over the 6 months to 15 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +53 142 £450 -7.69% 48
UK excluding London +12 82 £365 -18.99% 39
London +28 62 £550 +5.01% 12
North of England -6 35 £375 -18.92% 14
North West -9 29 £375 -16.67% 4
South East -10 20 £320 -23.81% 12
Midlands +6 14 £365 +8.02% 3
East Midlands +19 12 £365 - 1
East of England -11 7 £525 +7.14% 2
North East -5 4 £300 -48.72%
Wales - 3 - - 2
Yorkshire -5 2 £575 +9.52% 10
Scotland -12 2 - - 1
West Midlands -22 2 £650 +92.59% 2
South West -22 2 £340 -20.93% 5

For the 6 months to 15 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Secure Coding also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Secure Coding.

1 71 (46.41%) Java
2 69 (45.10%) JavaScript
3 68 (44.44%) Git (software)
4 58 (37.91%) Continuous Integration
5 56 (36.60%) Agile Software Development
6 52 (33.99%) HTML
7 47 (30.72%) CSS
7 47 (30.72%) Jenkins
8 46 (30.07%) Test Automation
9 45 (29.41%) TDD
10 40 (26.14%) JIRA
11 38 (24.84%) Cryptography
12 37 (24.18%) Unit Testing
12 37 (24.18%) AngularJS
13 36 (23.53%) HTML5
13 36 (23.53%) Android
14 35 (22.88%) Android Development
14 35 (22.88%) C
15 34 (22.22%) CSS3
16 33 (21.57%) C++
17 31 (20.26%) SQL
18 30 (19.61%) Linux
18 30 (19.61%) Confluence
19 29 (18.95%) Gradle
20 28 (18.30%) BDD
20 28 (18.30%) .NET
21 27 (17.65%) Ionic Framework
22 26 (16.99%) Android SDK
22 26 (16.99%) Android NDK
22 26 (16.99%) Windows

Secure Coding
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (19.61%) Confluence
2 10 (6.54%) IIS
3 9 (5.88%) SharePoint
4 6 (3.92%) Drupal
5 5 (3.27%) Apache
6 3 (1.96%) CICS
6 3 (1.96%) CMS
6 3 (1.96%) Jetty
6 3 (1.96%) WebLogic
6 3 (1.96%) WildFly
7 2 (1.31%) WordPress
8 1 (0.65%) OpenStack
8 1 (0.65%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 1 (0.65%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.65%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (0.65%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 17 (11.11%) Microsoft Azure
2 16 (10.46%) Amazon AWS
3 8 (5.23%) Cloud Computing
4 6 (3.92%) GitHub
4 6 (3.92%) Office 365
5 3 (1.96%) npm
6 2 (1.31%) Google Play
6 2 (1.31%) IaaS
6 2 (1.31%) SaaS
7 1 (0.65%) Azure Active Directory
7 1 (0.65%) Google Cloud Platform
7 1 (0.65%) Heroku
7 1 (0.65%) Trello
7 1 (0.65%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 19 (12.42%) Firewall
2 8 (5.23%) LAN
2 8 (5.23%) WAN
3 7 (4.58%) Internet
3 7 (4.58%) NAS
3 7 (4.58%) SAN
3 7 (4.58%) TCP/IP
4 6 (3.92%) HTTPS
5 4 (2.61%) HTTP
5 4 (2.61%) Intrusion Detection
6 3 (1.96%) IPsec
6 3 (1.96%) Network Security
7 2 (1.31%) 3GPP
7 2 (1.31%) Bluetooth
7 2 (1.31%) Wireless
7 2 (1.31%) ZigBee
8 1 (0.65%) 3G
8 1 (0.65%) BIG-IP
8 1 (0.65%) SSL
8 1 (0.65%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 25 (16.34%) SQL Server
2 15 (9.80%) MySQL
3 10 (6.54%) PostgreSQL
4 6 (3.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 5 (3.27%) Relational Database
6 4 (2.61%) SQL Server 2014
7 3 (1.96%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 2 (1.31%) Big Data
8 2 (1.31%) Couchbase
8 2 (1.31%) SQLite
9 1 (0.65%) Crystal Reports
9 1 (0.65%) Data Warehouse
9 1 (0.65%) EDRMS
9 1 (0.65%) Hadoop
9 1 (0.65%) NoSQL
9 1 (0.65%) RDBMS
9 1 (0.65%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 68 (44.44%) Git (software)
2 47 (30.72%) Jenkins
3 40 (26.14%) JIRA
4 29 (18.95%) Gradle
5 8 (5.23%) Selenium
6 7 (4.58%) GitLab
6 7 (4.58%) Maven
6 7 (4.58%) Visual Studio
7 6 (3.92%) Subversion
8 5 (3.27%) Bitbucket
8 5 (3.27%) Octopus Deploy
8 5 (3.27%) Team Foundation Server
9 4 (2.61%) CircleCI
9 4 (2.61%) Grunt
9 4 (2.61%) IDA Disassembler
9 4 (2.61%) TeamCity
9 4 (2.61%) WinDbg
10 3 (1.96%) Gatling
10 3 (1.96%) ReSharper
10 3 (1.96%) Spock
General
1 25 (16.34%) Finance
2 22 (14.38%) Banking
3 4 (2.61%) Telecoms
4 3 (1.96%) Retail
5 1 (0.65%) French Language
5 1 (0.65%) Legal
5 1 (0.65%) Marketing
5 1 (0.65%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 96 (62.75%) Developer
2 33 (21.57%) Android Developer
3 14 (9.15%) Java Developer
4 13 (8.50%) .NET Developer
4 13 (8.50%) Lead Developer
5 9 (5.88%) C# .NET Developer
5 9 (5.88%) C# Developer
6 6 (3.92%) Consultant
6 6 (3.92%) E-Commerce Developer
6 6 (3.92%) Full Stack Developer
6 6 (3.92%) iOS Developer
6 6 (3.92%) Software Developer
6 6 (3.92%) Software Engineer
7 5 (3.27%) Analyst
7 5 (3.27%) Cloud Developer
7 5 (3.27%) Head of Software Development
7 5 (3.27%) Java Engineer
7 5 (3.27%) Lead Java Developer
7 5 (3.27%) PHP Developer
7 5 (3.27%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 52 (33.99%) HTML
2 47 (30.72%) CSS
3 37 (24.18%) AngularJS
4 36 (23.53%) HTML5
5 34 (22.22%) CSS3
6 28 (18.30%) .NET
7 27 (17.65%) Ionic Framework
8 26 (16.99%) Android NDK
8 26 (16.99%) Android SDK
9 22 (14.38%) Web Services
10 19 (12.42%) REST
11 15 (9.80%) RESTful
12 14 (9.15%) ASP.NET
12 14 (9.15%) Spring
13 13 (8.50%) .NET Framework
13 13 (8.50%) ASP.NET Web API
13 13 (8.50%) Node.js
14 12 (7.84%) jQuery
15 11 (7.19%) React
15 11 (7.19%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 14 (9.15%) Analytical Skills
2 11 (7.19%) Mainframe
2 11 (7.19%) User Experience
3 10 (6.54%) Data Centre
3 10 (6.54%) Greenfield Project
4 7 (4.58%) Clustering
4 7 (4.58%) Management Information System
4 7 (4.58%) Private Cloud
5 6 (3.92%) Computer Science
6 4 (2.61%) Algorithms
6 4 (2.61%) Smart Meter
7 3 (1.96%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
7 3 (1.96%) IBM Mainframe
7 3 (1.96%) Linux Command Line
8 2 (1.31%) Self-Motivation
8 2 (1.31%) Smart Energy
9 1 (0.65%) Cloud Native
9 1 (0.65%) Data Structures
9 1 (0.65%) Enterprise Storage
9 1 (0.65%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 36 (23.53%) Android
2 30 (19.61%) Linux
3 26 (16.99%) Windows
4 13 (8.50%) Windows Server
5 10 (6.54%) Apple iOS
6 8 (5.23%) Unix
7 4 (2.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (1.31%) Debian
8 2 (1.31%) Windows Server 2003
8 2 (1.31%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.65%) CentOS
9 1 (0.65%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 58 (37.91%) Continuous Integration
2 56 (36.60%) Agile Software Development
3 46 (30.07%) Test Automation
4 45 (29.41%) TDD
5 38 (24.84%) Cryptography
6 37 (24.18%) Unit Testing
7 35 (22.88%) Android Development
8 28 (18.30%) BDD
9 26 (16.99%) Penetration Testing
10 25 (16.34%) Information Security
11 22 (14.38%) Microservices
12 21 (13.73%) Software Engineering
13 20 (13.07%) Open Source
14 17 (11.11%) OO
15 16 (10.46%) Migration
16 15 (9.80%) Continuous Delivery
17 14 (9.15%) DevOps
17 14 (9.15%) MVC
17 14 (9.15%) SDLC
18 12 (7.84%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 71 (46.41%) Java
2 69 (45.10%) JavaScript
3 35 (22.88%) C
4 33 (21.57%) C++
5 31 (20.26%) SQL
6 23 (15.03%) C#
7 15 (9.80%) PHP
8 9 (5.88%) Bash Shell
8 9 (5.88%) Python
8 9 (5.88%) Scala
9 8 (5.23%) PowerShell
10 6 (3.92%) Ruby
11 5 (3.27%) ES6
11 5 (3.27%) Java 8
11 5 (3.27%) Shell Script
12 4 (2.61%) Apple Swift
12 4 (2.61%) Perl
12 4 (2.61%) T-SQL
13 3 (1.96%) VB.NET
14 2 (1.31%) Embedded C
Qualifications
1 18 (11.76%) Security Cleared
2 15 (9.80%) Degree
3 13 (8.50%) SC Cleared
4 10 (6.54%) Cisco Certification
5 9 (5.88%) CISSP
6 5 (3.27%) CEH
7 3 (1.96%) (ISC)2 CCSP
7 3 (1.96%) CCSP
7 3 (1.96%) CESG Certified Professional
7 3 (1.96%) CHFI
7 3 (1.96%) CISA
8 2 (1.31%) CCNP
8 2 (1.31%) Computer Science Degree
8 2 (1.31%) GCIA
8 2 (1.31%) GCIH
8 2 (1.31%) GIAC
8 2 (1.31%) GSEC
9 1 (0.65%) CCSAM
9 1 (0.65%) CCSAS
9 1 (0.65%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (5.88%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 8 (5.23%) QA
3 3 (1.96%) GDPR
3 3 (1.96%) PSD2
4 2 (1.31%) MISRA
5 1 (0.65%) COBIT
5 1 (0.65%) HIPAA
5 1 (0.65%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 1 (0.65%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 15 (9.80%) Docker
2 14 (9.15%) Active Directory
3 8 (5.23%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (2.61%) Microsoft App-V
4 4 (2.61%) VMware NSX
5 2 (1.31%) Firmware
6 1 (0.65%) OpenAM
6 1 (0.65%) OpenDJ
6 1 (0.65%) Shibboleth
6 1 (0.65%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 14 (9.15%) Kubernetes
2 7 (4.58%) Microsoft Clustering
2 7 (4.58%) vRealize
2 7 (4.58%) vRealize Orchestrator
3 5 (3.27%) Ansible
3 5 (3.27%) Puppet
4 3 (1.96%) HP Fortify
4 3 (1.96%) Terraform
5 1 (0.65%) CA Single Sign-On
5 1 (0.65%) Nessus
5 1 (0.65%) Nmap
5 1 (0.65%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (0.65%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 25 (16.34%) Microsoft
2 16 (10.46%) VMware
3 7 (4.58%) Citrix
3 7 (4.58%) Google
4 6 (3.92%) Apple
4 6 (3.92%) Cisco
5 3 (1.96%) CyberArk
5 3 (1.96%) Cypress Semiconductor
5 3 (1.96%) IBM
6 2 (1.31%) Red Hat
6 2 (1.31%) Xamarin
6 2 (1.31%) Zend
7 1 (0.65%) CheckPoint
7 1 (0.65%) F5
7 1 (0.65%) Forcepoint
7 1 (0.65%) HP
7 1 (0.65%) Intel
7 1 (0.65%) Oracle
7 1 (0.65%) ServiceNow
7 1 (0.65%) Sophos