The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ethical Hacking skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ethical Hacking over the 3 months to 29 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ethical Hacking
UK
3 months to
29 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 581 584 610
Rank change year-on-year +3 +26  
Contract jobs citing Ethical Hacking 24 64 15
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.053% 0.12% 0.028%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.064% 0.14% 0.035%
Number of daily rates quoted 17 40 10
Median daily rate £438 £450 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.77% -12.19%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £265 £400 £394
10% offered a daily rate of more than £543 £525 £610
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £425 £459
% change year-on-year -17.64% -7.35%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 0
Median hourly rate £35.00 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 - -

Ethical Hacking is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Contract Process & Methodology Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 37580 44576 42623
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 83.08% 82.82% 79.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 24839 29287 26403
Median daily rate £450 £430 £418
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.77% +2.87%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £396
% change year-on-year +2.50% +1.01%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 953 1111 1229
Median hourly rate £35.00 £37.50 £28.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.66% +32.74%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £13.00 £13.00 £12.10
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £53.00 £55.00 £49.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.75 £38.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year -7.14% +28.33%  

Ethical Hacking
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing Ethical Hacking as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

Job vacancy trend for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ethical Hacking.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking over the 3 months to 29 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking within the UK over the 3 months to 29 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 23 £436 -3.05% 25
Essex - 10 £265 -
East of England - 10 £265 - 3
South East +8 7 £463 +8.82% 5
London +21 5 £500 -4.76% 7
Hampshire - 4 £450 - 1
City of London -3 2 £488 -2.50% 3
Buckinghamshire -14 2 - -
Basildon - 2 - -
Milton Keynes -9 1 - -
Brentwood - 1 - -
Thames Valley - 1 £570 -
Coventry - 1 - -
Glasgow - 1 £500 -
Scotland - 1 £500 -
West Midlands - 1 - - 3

For the 6 months to 29 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Ethical Hacking also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Ethical Hacking.

1 42 (45.16%) Penetration Testing
2 40 (43.01%) Cybersecurity
3 39 (41.94%) CEH
4 37 (39.78%) CISSP
5 35 (37.63%) Linux
6 27 (29.03%) Information Security
6 27 (29.03%) CREST Certified
7 25 (26.88%) Security Cleared
8 23 (24.73%) Windows
9 22 (23.66%) SC Cleared
10 21 (22.58%) OWASP
10 21 (22.58%) Degree
11 19 (20.43%) Python
11 19 (20.43%) SANS
12 18 (19.35%) Security Architecture
13 17 (18.28%) Information Assurance
14 16 (17.20%) Security Testing
15 15 (16.13%) Unix
16 14 (15.05%) Java
16 14 (15.05%) Firewall
16 14 (15.05%) VMware
16 14 (15.05%) VMware Infrastructure
16 14 (15.05%) Network Packet Analysis
17 13 (13.98%) Social Engineering
17 13 (13.98%) Forensic Analysis
17 13 (13.98%) Vulnerability Management
17 13 (13.98%) VMware ESX
17 13 (13.98%) Finance
17 13 (13.98%) Cryptography
18 12 (12.90%) ISO/IEC 27001

Ethical Hacking
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 2 (2.15%) MS Exchange
2 1 (1.08%) JBoss
2 1 (1.08%) nginx
2 1 (1.08%) SharePoint
Applications
1 2 (2.15%) MS Excel
Business Applications
1 2 (2.15%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 11 (11.83%) Amazon AWS
2 3 (3.23%) PaaS
3 1 (1.08%) Amazon EC2
3 1 (1.08%) Amazon ELB
3 1 (1.08%) AWS CloudFormation
3 1 (1.08%) Microsoft Azure
3 1 (1.08%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 14 (15.05%) Firewall
2 11 (11.83%) Intrusion Detection
3 9 (9.68%) Network Security
4 6 (6.45%) DNS
4 6 (6.45%) FTP
5 5 (5.38%) HTTP
5 5 (5.38%) SMTP
5 5 (5.38%) Wireshark
6 4 (4.30%) VPN
7 3 (3.23%) TCP/IP
8 2 (2.15%) DHCP
8 2 (2.15%) Internet
8 2 (2.15%) Wireless
9 1 (1.08%) Cisco ASA
9 1 (1.08%) Cisco IOS
9 1 (1.08%) HTTPS
9 1 (1.08%) IPsec
9 1 (1.08%) SAN
9 1 (1.08%) SSH
9 1 (1.08%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1 (1.08%) Amazon RDS
1 1 (1.08%) MongoDB
1 1 (1.08%) MySQL
1 1 (1.08%) PostgreSQL
1 1 (1.08%) Relational Database
1 1 (1.08%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 9 (9.68%) Metasploit
2 3 (3.23%) Jenkins
2 3 (3.23%) JIRA
2 3 (3.23%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 13 (13.98%) Finance
2 4 (4.30%) Banking
3 3 (3.23%) Financial Institution
3 3 (3.23%) Retail
3 3 (3.23%) Telecoms
4 2 (2.15%) Electronics
4 2 (2.15%) Manufacturing
4 2 (2.15%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 28 (30.11%) Tester
2 27 (29.03%) Penetration Tester
3 21 (22.58%) Consultant
4 19 (20.43%) Security Consultant
5 18 (19.35%) Analyst
6 17 (18.28%) Security Analyst
7 14 (15.05%) Cybersecurity Analyst
7 14 (15.05%) Cybersecurity Consultant
8 12 (12.90%) Security Specialist
9 10 (10.75%) Ethical Hacker
10 9 (9.68%) SOC Analyst
11 8 (8.60%) Security Engineer
12 7 (7.53%) Incident Analyst
13 6 (6.45%) Architect
13 6 (6.45%) Security Architect
14 5 (5.38%) Linux Engineer
15 4 (4.30%) CISSP Consultant
16 3 (3.23%) Cybersecurity Engineer
16 3 (3.23%) Security Operations Specialist
16 3 (3.23%) Security Penetration Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3 (3.23%) OAuth
1 3 (3.23%) Web Services
2 1 (1.08%) .NET
2 1 (1.08%) AngularJS
2 1 (1.08%) CGI
2 1 (1.08%) Django
2 1 (1.08%) Elastic Stack
2 1 (1.08%) Ruby on Rails
2 1 (1.08%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 10 (10.75%) Computer Science
1 10 (10.75%) Data Centre
1 10 (10.75%) PKI
2 8 (8.60%) Algorithms
2 8 (8.60%) Mobile App
3 6 (6.45%) Management Information System
4 4 (4.30%) CESG
5 3 (3.23%) Cyberthreat
6 1 (1.08%) Analytical Skills
6 1 (1.08%) Client/Server
6 1 (1.08%) Contactless
6 1 (1.08%) Cyber Attack
6 1 (1.08%) Cyber Defence
6 1 (1.08%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
6 1 (1.08%) Embedded Systems
6 1 (1.08%) EMV
6 1 (1.08%) Mobile Banking
6 1 (1.08%) Mobile Payment
6 1 (1.08%) Security Operations Centre
Operating Systems
1 35 (37.63%) Linux
2 23 (24.73%) Windows
3 15 (16.13%) Unix
4 6 (6.45%) CentOS
5 4 (4.30%) Ubuntu
6 3 (3.23%) Kali Linux
6 3 (3.23%) Mac OS X
7 1 (1.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (1.08%) Windows Server
7 1 (1.08%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 42 (45.16%) Penetration Testing
2 40 (43.01%) Cybersecurity
3 27 (29.03%) Information Security
4 21 (22.58%) OWASP
5 18 (19.35%) Security Architecture
6 17 (18.28%) Information Assurance
7 16 (17.20%) Security Testing
8 14 (15.05%) Network Packet Analysis
9 13 (13.98%) Cryptography
9 13 (13.98%) Forensic Analysis
9 13 (13.98%) Social Engineering
9 13 (13.98%) Vulnerability Management
10 12 (12.90%) Continuous Integration
10 12 (12.90%) Digital Forensics
11 11 (11.83%) Agile Software Development
11 11 (11.83%) Secure Coding
12 10 (10.75%) Database Security
12 10 (10.75%) Fuzz Testing
12 10 (10.75%) Static Code Analysis
13 9 (9.68%) Kalman Filter
Programming Languages
1 19 (20.43%) Python
2 14 (15.05%) Java
3 7 (7.53%) Perl
4 6 (6.45%) C
5 5 (5.38%) PowerShell
5 5 (5.38%) SQL
6 3 (3.23%) C++
6 3 (3.23%) Ruby
7 2 (2.15%) Bash Shell
7 2 (2.15%) C#
7 2 (2.15%) PHP
8 1 (1.08%) Apple Swift
8 1 (1.08%) Objective-C
8 1 (1.08%) Shell Script
8 1 (1.08%) VB
Qualifications
1 39 (41.94%) CEH
2 37 (39.78%) CISSP
3 27 (29.03%) CREST Certified
4 25 (26.88%) Security Cleared
5 22 (23.66%) SC Cleared
6 21 (22.58%) Degree
7 19 (20.43%) SANS
8 11 (11.83%) GIAC
9 7 (7.53%) CISM
10 6 (6.45%) OSCP
11 5 (5.38%) CHECK Team Leader
12 4 (4.30%) AWS Certification
12 4 (4.30%) RHCT
13 3 (3.23%) CHECK Team Member
14 2 (2.15%) CCNA
14 2 (2.15%) Cisco Certification
14 2 (2.15%) GCIH
14 2 (2.15%) Tigerscheme
15 1 (1.08%) CCSE
15 1 (1.08%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (12.90%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 11 (11.83%) PCI DSS
3 6 (6.45%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (1.08%) RMADS
System Software
1 14 (15.05%) VMware Infrastructure
2 13 (13.98%) VMware ESX
3 3 (3.23%) Active Directory
4 1 (1.08%) Sendmail
4 1 (1.08%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 6 (6.45%) Nmap
2 5 (5.38%) Nessus
2 5 (5.38%) Puppet
3 1 (1.08%) Ansible
3 1 (1.08%) CSIRT
3 1 (1.08%) McAfee ePO
3 1 (1.08%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 14 (15.05%) VMware
2 6 (6.45%) Red Hat
3 5 (5.38%) Cisco
4 4 (4.30%) Microsoft
5 2 (2.15%) CheckPoint
5 2 (2.15%) Citrix
5 2 (2.15%) Intel Security
5 2 (2.15%) Palo Alto
5 2 (2.15%) SAP
6 1 (1.08%) Acunetix
6 1 (1.08%) Arqiva
6 1 (1.08%) Juniper
6 1 (1.08%) Oracle
6 1 (1.08%) Qualys
6 1 (1.08%) SaltStack
6 1 (1.08%) Splunk
6 1 (1.08%) WatchGuard