Period
to 19 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Manual Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Manual Testing over the 6 months to 19 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Manual Testing
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 465 486 418
Rank change year-on-year +21 -68 +48
Contract jobs citing Manual Testing 457 469 598
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.46% 0.44% 0.52%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.54% 0.53% 0.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 305 330 393
UK median daily rate £375 £325 £300
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +15.38% +8.33% -
10th Percentile £239 £206 £206
90th Percentile £488 £475 £438
UK excluding London median daily rate £320 £302 £290
% change year-on-year +5.87% +4.22% +0.87%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 5 10
UK median hourly rate £25.50 £32.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.54% -13.33% +5.63%
10th Percentile £10.33 £29.20 £23.88
90th Percentile £44.25 £134.60 £38.98
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.50 £32.25 £37.50
% change year-on-year -20.93% -14.00% +25.00%

Manual Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 83989 89204 93076
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.50% 83.84% 81.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 55776 58980 60310
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £625 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +1.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1976 2336 2701
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £23.72 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.42% +7.80% +12.82%
10th Percentile £11.61 £11.37 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £48.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £24.50 £22.50
% change year-on-year +2.04% +8.89% +12.50%

Manual Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Manual Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Manual Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Manual Testing over the 6 months to 19 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Manual Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Manual Testing over the 6 months to 19 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Manual Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +30 425 £375 +15.38% 130
UK excluding London +34 258 £320 +5.87% 100
London +17 198 £411 +9.47% 35
North of England +86 67 £313 -0.79% 32
Midlands +35 48 £343 +3.40% 10
South East +9 47 £325 - 29
South West +7 41 £324 +7.92% 14
Yorkshire +59 40 £270 -15.63% 15
Scotland +19 29 £320 +23.08% 3
West Midlands +23 26 £338 - 1
North West +18 26 £325 +10.17% 17
East of England -18 26 £319 +14.35% 10
East Midlands +14 22 £348 +10.76% 9
North East +63 1 £325 -16.67%
Wales -1 1 - - 2

For the 6 months to 19 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Manual Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Manual Testing.

1 273 (59.74%) Test Automation
2 244 (53.39%) Agile Software Development
3 127 (27.79%) QA
4 121 (26.48%) Test Scripting
5 111 (24.29%) Java
6 110 (24.07%) JIRA
7 108 (23.63%) Selenium
8 101 (22.10%) SQL
9 100 (21.88%) Finance
9 100 (21.88%) Scrum
10 98 (21.44%) User Acceptance Testing
11 92 (20.13%) BDD
12 80 (17.51%) Cucumber
13 77 (16.85%) Functional Testing
14 69 (15.10%) User Stories
14 69 (15.10%) Banking
15 65 (14.22%) Test Strategy
16 64 (14.00%) ISEB
17 56 (12.25%) Exploratory Testing
18 55 (12.04%) Scenario Testing
19 53 (11.60%) E-Commerce
19 53 (11.60%) TDD
20 52 (11.38%) ISTQB
21 50 (10.94%) Web Services
22 49 (10.72%) Regression Testing
23 48 (10.50%) HP Quality Center
24 47 (10.28%) Mobile App
25 46 (10.07%) Defect Management
26 45 (9.85%) Gherkin
26 45 (9.85%) C#

Manual Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (5.91%) Confluence
2 23 (5.03%) Tomcat
3 8 (1.75%) Elasticsearch
4 7 (1.53%) CMS
5 3 (0.66%) IIS
5 3 (0.66%) SharePoint
6 2 (0.44%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 1 (0.22%) Apache
7 1 (0.22%) Apache Spark
7 1 (0.22%) BizTalk Server
7 1 (0.22%) Documentum
7 1 (0.22%) SAS
7 1 (0.22%) Sitecore CMS
7 1 (0.22%) Umbraco
Applications
1 11 (2.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (1.97%) InDesign
3 4 (0.88%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.88%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.44%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.22%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 4 (0.88%) Dynamics CRM
1 4 (0.88%) Markit EDM
2 3 (0.66%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.22%) Dynamics NAV
3 1 (0.22%) Magento
3 1 (0.22%) Maximo
3 1 (0.22%) Minerva
3 1 (0.22%) Oracle ERP
3 1 (0.22%) Retail-J
3 1 (0.22%) SAP CO
3 1 (0.22%) SAP FI
3 1 (0.22%) SAP FI/CO
3 1 (0.22%) SAP MM
3 1 (0.22%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (0.22%) Sonata
3 1 (0.22%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 18 (3.94%) OpenDNS
2 10 (2.19%) Amazon AWS
3 9 (1.97%) Adobe Creative Cloud
3 9 (1.97%) BrowserStack
3 9 (1.97%) GitHub
4 6 (1.31%) Microsoft Azure
5 5 (1.09%) Cloud Computing
5 5 (1.09%) SaaS
6 2 (0.44%) npm
6 2 (0.44%) OpenShift
7 1 (0.22%) Dynamics 365
7 1 (0.22%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
7 1 (0.22%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 18 (3.94%) DNS
2 6 (1.31%) Internet
2 6 (1.31%) SMS
3 3 (0.66%) HTTP
3 3 (0.66%) PuTTY
3 3 (0.66%) WinSCP
4 1 (0.22%) Diameter Protocol
4 1 (0.22%) GPRS
4 1 (0.22%) GSM
4 1 (0.22%) LAN
4 1 (0.22%) LTE
4 1 (0.22%) PSTN
4 1 (0.22%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.22%) UMTS
4 1 (0.22%) VoIP
4 1 (0.22%) VoLTE
4 1 (0.22%) WAAS
4 1 (0.22%) WAN
4 1 (0.22%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (4.16%) SQL Server
2 18 (3.94%) Maltego
3 15 (3.28%) Data Warehouse
4 9 (1.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 8 (1.75%) Big Data
6 7 (1.53%) MongoDB
6 7 (1.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 6 (1.31%) Relational Database
7 6 (1.31%) SQL Server 2012
8 5 (1.09%) Hadoop
8 5 (1.09%) Redis
9 4 (0.88%) Blockchain
9 4 (0.88%) MySQL
10 3 (0.66%) Oracle Database
10 3 (0.66%) RDBMS
11 2 (0.44%) Data Mart
11 2 (0.44%) NoSQL
12 1 (0.22%) Apache Cassandra
12 1 (0.22%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
12 1 (0.22%) PowerCenter
Development Applications
1 110 (24.07%) JIRA
2 108 (23.63%) Selenium
3 80 (17.51%) Cucumber
4 43 (9.41%) Jenkins
5 41 (8.97%) WebDriver
6 35 (7.66%) SoapUI
7 30 (6.56%) JMeter
8 29 (6.35%) Git (software)
9 28 (6.13%) Appium
10 25 (5.47%) Calabash
11 21 (4.60%) Team Foundation Server
12 18 (3.94%) HP UFT
12 18 (3.94%) Visual Studio
13 16 (3.50%) Xcode
13 16 (3.50%) Zephyr
14 14 (3.06%) SpecFlow
15 13 (2.84%) TestRail
16 12 (2.63%) Ant
17 11 (2.41%) Maven
17 11 (2.41%) NUnit
General
1 100 (21.88%) Finance
2 69 (15.10%) Banking
3 31 (6.78%) Retail
4 21 (4.60%) Investment Banking
5 13 (2.84%) Retail Banking
6 8 (1.75%) Telecoms
7 7 (1.53%) Financial Institution
7 7 (1.53%) Private Banking
8 6 (1.31%) Back Office
8 6 (1.31%) Marketing
9 5 (1.09%) Advertising
9 5 (1.09%) Corporate Banking
10 4 (0.88%) Front Office
10 4 (0.88%) Games
11 3 (0.66%) Automotive
11 3 (0.66%) Electronics
11 3 (0.66%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.44%) Law
12 2 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
12 2 (0.44%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 190 (41.58%) Analyst
2 157 (34.35%) Test Analyst
3 132 (28.88%) Tester
4 41 (8.97%) Manual Tester
5 37 (8.10%) Developer
5 37 (8.10%) Manual Test Analyst
6 35 (7.66%) Test Leader
7 33 (7.22%) Automation Tester
8 30 (6.56%) Test Engineer
9 27 (5.91%) QA Engineer
10 24 (5.25%) Automation Test Analyst
10 24 (5.25%) QA Tester
11 23 (5.03%) Developer in Test
12 20 (4.38%) Agile Test Analyst
13 18 (3.94%) Software Tester
14 16 (3.50%) QA Leader
15 15 (3.28%) Test Automation Engineer
16 14 (3.06%) Digital Analyst
16 14 (3.06%) Senior Tester
17 13 (2.84%) QA Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 50 (10.94%) Web Services
2 45 (9.85%) Gherkin
3 39 (8.53%) RESTful
4 35 (7.66%) SOAP
5 33 (7.22%) JSON
6 30 (6.56%) REST
7 26 (5.69%) XML
8 22 (4.81%) HTML
9 21 (4.60%) .NET
10 20 (4.38%) Elastic Stack
11 19 (4.16%) CSS
12 12 (2.63%) Node.js
12 12 (2.63%) Velocity
13 8 (1.75%) AngularJS
14 6 (1.31%) Spring
15 5 (1.09%) HTML5
16 4 (0.88%) jQuery
16 4 (0.88%) Kafka
17 3 (0.66%) .NET Framework
17 3 (0.66%) FIX Protocol
Miscellaneous
1 47 (10.28%) Mobile App
2 37 (8.10%) Analytical Skills
3 19 (4.16%) Management Information System
4 18 (3.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 11 (2.41%) Derivative
5 11 (2.41%) Linux Command Line
5 11 (2.41%) Video on Demand
6 9 (1.97%) Computer Science
7 7 (1.53%) Cyberthreat
8 5 (1.09%) Fixed Income
8 5 (1.09%) User Experience
9 4 (0.88%) Data Centre
9 4 (0.88%) EPoS
9 4 (0.88%) Fintech
10 3 (0.66%) AS400
10 3 (0.66%) Client/Server
10 3 (0.66%) Credit Risk
10 3 (0.66%) Enterprise Software
10 3 (0.66%) iSeries
11 2 (0.44%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 22 (4.81%) Windows
2 20 (4.38%) Linux
3 18 (3.94%) Unix
4 14 (3.06%) Android
4 14 (3.06%) Apple iOS
5 3 (0.66%) Mac OS X
5 3 (0.66%) Windows 10
5 3 (0.66%) Windows Server 2003
5 3 (0.66%) Windows Server 2008
6 1 (0.22%) Kali Linux
6 1 (0.22%) Ubuntu
6 1 (0.22%) Windows Server
6 1 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 273 (59.74%) Test Automation
2 244 (53.39%) Agile Software Development
3 121 (26.48%) Test Scripting
4 100 (21.88%) Scrum
5 98 (21.44%) User Acceptance Testing
6 92 (20.13%) BDD
7 77 (16.85%) Functional Testing
8 69 (15.10%) User Stories
9 65 (14.22%) Test Strategy
10 56 (12.25%) Exploratory Testing
11 55 (12.04%) Scenario Testing
12 53 (11.60%) E-Commerce
12 53 (11.60%) TDD
13 49 (10.72%) Regression Testing
14 46 (10.07%) Defect Management
15 43 (9.41%) Integration Testing
16 42 (9.19%) SDLC
17 41 (8.97%) Software Testing
18 40 (8.75%) Kanban
19 38 (8.32%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 111 (24.29%) Java
2 101 (22.10%) SQL
3 45 (9.85%) C#
4 42 (9.19%) JavaScript
5 33 (7.22%) Ruby
6 29 (6.35%) Python
7 19 (4.16%) Apple Swift
8 13 (2.84%) Shell Script
9 9 (1.97%) PHP
9 9 (1.97%) T-SQL
10 8 (1.75%) Scala
11 7 (1.53%) C++
12 6 (1.31%) PowerShell
13 5 (1.09%) Groovy
14 3 (0.66%) ABAP
14 3 (0.66%) Bash Shell
14 3 (0.66%) Perl
14 3 (0.66%) VB
15 1 (0.22%) C
15 1 (0.22%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 64 (14.00%) ISEB
2 52 (11.38%) ISTQB
3 28 (6.13%) Degree
4 15 (3.28%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 13 (2.84%) Security Cleared
6 11 (2.41%) SC Cleared
7 5 (1.09%) Computer Science Degree
8 3 (0.66%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.22%) ISEB Practitioner
9 1 (0.22%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 127 (27.79%) QA
2 25 (5.47%) MiFID
3 11 (2.41%) EMIR
4 10 (2.19%) Dodd-Frank
5 5 (1.09%) GAMP
6 4 (0.88%) GxP
6 4 (0.88%) WCAG
7 3 (0.66%) WAI
8 2 (0.44%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.22%) 21 CFR Part 11
9 1 (0.22%) Data Quality
9 1 (0.22%) GMP
9 1 (0.22%) PSD2
System Software
1 6 (1.31%) Active Directory
2 5 (1.09%) Docker
3 3 (0.66%) Virtual Desktop
4 1 (0.22%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 48 (10.50%) HP Quality Center
2 7 (1.53%) Kibana
3 2 (0.44%) Forefront Identity Manager
3 2 (0.44%) SCCM
4 1 (0.22%) CA Service Virtualization
4 1 (0.22%) Grafana
4 1 (0.22%) HAProxy
4 1 (0.22%) HockeyApp
4 1 (0.22%) logstash
4 1 (0.22%) Marathon
4 1 (0.22%) Mesos
4 1 (0.22%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.22%) Puppet
4 1 (0.22%) Terraform
Vendors
1 40 (8.75%) HP
2 36 (7.88%) Microsoft
3 24 (5.25%) hybris
4 17 (3.72%) OpenText
5 11 (2.41%) Adobe
6 10 (2.19%) Xamarin
7 7 (1.53%) IBM
7 7 (1.53%) SAP
8 6 (1.31%) ATG
8 6 (1.31%) Atlassian
8 6 (1.31%) Oracle
8 6 (1.31%) Salesforce.com
9 4 (0.88%) Tableau
10 3 (0.66%) Google
10 3 (0.66%) Guidewire
10 3 (0.66%) Intel
10 3 (0.66%) ION Trading
10 3 (0.66%) VMware
11 2 (0.44%) Informatica
11 2 (0.44%) Sun