Period
to 22 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Manual Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Manual Testing over the 6 months to 22 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Manual Testing
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 485 478 498
Rank change year-on-year -7 +20 -45
Contract jobs citing Manual Testing 447 429 460
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.44% 0.43% 0.43%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.51% 0.51% 0.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 302 278 329
UK median daily rate £398 £350 £325
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +13.57% +7.69% +8.33%
10th Percentile £263 £225 £211
90th Percentile £538 £462 £475
UK excluding London median daily rate £363 £313 £300
% change year-on-year +16.00% +4.17% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 2 3
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £28.00 £28.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -25.02% - -23.81%
10th Percentile £14.00 £13.95 £14.60
90th Percentile £43.75 £41.65 £161.60
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.80 £28.00 £20.25
% change year-on-year -25.72% +38.27% -44.90%

Manual Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 87,843 84,482 91,456
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.18% 85.59% 85.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,002 55,697 60,469
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +5.59%
10th Percentile £300 £278 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,428 2,091 2,390
UK median hourly rate £20.50 £24.00 £22.84
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.58% +5.10% +3.80%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £23.75 £23.50
% change year-on-year -15.79% +1.06% +6.82%

Manual Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Manual Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Manual Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Manual Testing over the 6 months to 22 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Manual Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Manual Testing over the 6 months to 22 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Manual Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 396 £400 +14.29% 193
UK excluding London -8 279 £363 +16.00% 164
London -36 164 £450 +12.50% 42
South East +32 86 £395 +26.40% 31
North of England -25 68 £350 +16.67% 54
Yorkshire -18 37 £310 +14.81% 22
South West -14 36 £423 +30.00% 20
Scotland -15 33 £363 +13.28% 9
North West -24 26 £425 +33.33% 28
Midlands -36 23 £363 +7.41% 26
East of England -8 19 £325 +1.96% 22
West Midlands -35 18 £350 +3.70% 15
Northern Ireland - 11 £264 - 2
East Midlands -4 5 £395 +22.01% 11
North East -10 5 £425 +17.24% 4
Wales -25 3 £325 +4.84% 2

For the 6 months to 22 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Manual Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Manual Testing.

1 319 (71.36%) Test Automation
2 265 (59.28%) Agile Software Development
3 186 (41.61%) QA
4 172 (38.48%) Selenium
5 113 (25.28%) Java
6 112 (25.06%) SQL
7 106 (23.71%) Scrum
8 85 (19.02%) Test Scripting
8 85 (19.02%) BDD
9 84 (18.79%) Finance
10 77 (17.23%) Test Strategy
11 73 (16.33%) User Acceptance Testing
12 68 (15.21%) JIRA
13 63 (14.09%) C#
14 60 (13.42%) JavaScript
15 59 (13.20%) Continuous Integration
16 56 (12.53%) Cucumber
17 55 (12.30%) Jenkins
17 55 (12.30%) API Testing
17 55 (12.30%) Regression Testing
18 54 (12.08%) ISTQB
19 53 (11.86%) ISEB
20 52 (11.63%) WebDriver
20 52 (11.63%) Integration Testing
21 48 (10.74%) Software Testing
22 46 (10.29%) Microsoft
23 45 (10.07%) .NET
24 41 (9.17%) Banking
25 39 (8.72%) TDD
25 39 (8.72%) User Stories

Manual Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (4.03%) CMS
2 13 (2.91%) Confluence
3 10 (2.24%) Tomcat
4 5 (1.12%) Apache
4 5 (1.12%) Oracle Service Bus
5 4 (0.89%) Anypoint
5 4 (0.89%) Jetty
6 3 (0.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 3 (0.67%) Mule
7 2 (0.45%) Elasticsearch
7 2 (0.45%) Mule ESB
7 2 (0.45%) SharePoint
7 2 (0.45%) Sitecore CMS
8 1 (0.22%) Alfresco
8 1 (0.22%) Apache Spark
8 1 (0.22%) CoreMedia CMS
8 1 (0.22%) Drupal
8 1 (0.22%) Ethereum
8 1 (0.22%) WebSphere
Applications
1 8 (1.79%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.45%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.22%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.22%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 3 (0.67%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.22%) Adobe Campaign
2 1 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (0.22%) Elite 3E
2 1 (0.22%) FastStats
2 1 (0.22%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 15 (3.36%) Amazon AWS
2 11 (2.46%) Microsoft Azure
3 4 (0.89%) IaaS
3 4 (0.89%) PaaS
3 4 (0.89%) SaaS
3 4 (0.89%) Sauce Labs
4 3 (0.67%) Amazon EC2
4 3 (0.67%) Amazon EMR
4 3 (0.67%) Amazon S3
4 3 (0.67%) AWS Lambda
4 3 (0.67%) Dynamics 365
4 3 (0.67%) GitHub
4 3 (0.67%) Serverless
5 2 (0.45%) BrowserStack
5 2 (0.45%) OpenDNS
6 1 (0.22%) Office 365
6 1 (0.22%) Oracle CX
6 1 (0.22%) TestFlight
6 1 (0.22%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 19 (4.25%) HTTP
2 5 (1.12%) HTTPS
3 4 (0.89%) DNS
4 2 (0.45%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.22%) Skype
5 1 (0.22%) VoIP
5 1 (0.22%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 17 (3.80%) Big Data
2 15 (3.36%) MongoDB
2 15 (3.36%) SQL Server
3 9 (2.01%) Data Warehouse
4 8 (1.79%) Oracle Reports
4 8 (1.79%) Relational Database
5 5 (1.12%) Hadoop
6 4 (0.89%) MySQL
6 4 (0.89%) Oracle Database
7 3 (0.67%) Apache Hive
7 3 (0.67%) Azkaban
7 3 (0.67%) Blockchain
7 3 (0.67%) Presto
8 2 (0.45%) Hazelcast
8 2 (0.45%) Maltego
8 2 (0.45%) NoSQL
8 2 (0.45%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 2 (0.45%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 1 (0.22%) Data Mart
9 1 (0.22%) Informix
Development Applications
1 172 (38.48%) Selenium
2 68 (15.21%) JIRA
3 56 (12.53%) Cucumber
4 55 (12.30%) Jenkins
5 52 (11.63%) WebDriver
6 36 (8.05%) SoapUI
7 33 (7.38%) Git (software)
8 32 (7.16%) SpecFlow
9 25 (5.59%) JMeter
10 18 (4.03%) Team Foundation Server
11 15 (3.36%) Visual Studio
12 14 (3.13%) Visual Studio Team System
13 13 (2.91%) Fiddler
13 13 (2.91%) HP UFT
14 12 (2.68%) JUnit
15 11 (2.46%) Appium
16 10 (2.24%) TestRail
17 9 (2.01%) Maven
17 9 (2.01%) NUnit
17 9 (2.01%) Protractor
General
1 84 (18.79%) Finance
2 41 (9.17%) Banking
3 16 (3.58%) Retail
4 10 (2.24%) Pharmaceutical
4 10 (2.24%) Telecoms
5 9 (2.01%) Manufacturing
6 7 (1.57%) Games
7 5 (1.12%) Electronics
7 5 (1.12%) Investment Banking
7 5 (1.12%) Marketing
7 5 (1.12%) Retail Banking
8 4 (0.89%) Back Office
8 4 (0.89%) Law
8 4 (0.89%) Legal
9 3 (0.67%) Private Banking
10 2 (0.45%) Billing
10 2 (0.45%) Front Office
11 1 (0.22%) Advertising
11 1 (0.22%) Greek Language
11 1 (0.22%) Mandarin Language
Job Titles
1 134 (29.98%) Analyst
2 126 (28.19%) Tester
3 122 (27.29%) Test Analyst
4 59 (13.20%) Test Engineer
5 54 (12.08%) Automation Tester
6 35 (7.83%) QA Engineer
7 28 (6.26%) Test Leader
8 26 (5.82%) Developer
8 26 (5.82%) QA Tester
9 24 (5.37%) Manual Tester
9 24 (5.37%) QA Analyst
10 20 (4.47%) Test Manager
11 19 (4.25%) Automation Test Analyst
12 18 (4.03%) Test Automation Engineer
13 17 (3.80%) QA Test Analyst
14 16 (3.58%) Manual Test Analyst
15 14 (3.13%) Agile Test Analyst
15 14 (3.13%) Consultant
16 13 (2.91%) Agile Tester
17 12 (2.68%) QA Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 45 (10.07%) .NET
2 38 (8.50%) REST
2 38 (8.50%) Web Services
3 31 (6.94%) RESTful
4 29 (6.49%) Gherkin
5 24 (5.37%) HTML
6 23 (5.15%) SOAP
7 20 (4.47%) CSS
8 13 (2.91%) Node.js
9 12 (2.68%) XML
10 11 (2.46%) HTML5
10 11 (2.46%) jQuery
11 10 (2.24%) .NET Framework
11 10 (2.24%) AngularJS
11 10 (2.24%) CSS3
12 6 (1.34%) ActiveMQ
12 6 (1.34%) Elastic Stack
12 6 (1.34%) JSON
13 5 (1.12%) Spring
13 5 (1.12%) WebdriverIO
Miscellaneous
1 33 (7.38%) Analytical Skills
2 29 (6.49%) Mobile App
3 16 (3.58%) Computer Science
4 14 (3.13%) User Experience
5 13 (2.91%) Enterprise Software
6 11 (2.46%) Greenfield Project
7 10 (2.24%) Management Information System
8 8 (1.79%) Cyberthreat
9 7 (1.57%) Fixed Income
10 6 (1.34%) Fintech
11 4 (0.89%) Data Centre
11 4 (0.89%) Self-Motivation
12 3 (0.67%) Mainframe
12 3 (0.67%) Over-the-Top Content
12 3 (0.67%) Robotics
12 3 (0.67%) Smart Meter
12 3 (0.67%) Video on Demand
12 3 (0.67%) Virtual Team
13 2 (0.45%) Derivative
13 2 (0.45%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 22 (4.92%) Apple iOS
2 18 (4.03%) Linux
3 15 (3.36%) Android
4 12 (2.68%) Windows
5 11 (2.46%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 319 (71.36%) Test Automation
2 265 (59.28%) Agile Software Development
3 106 (23.71%) Scrum
4 85 (19.02%) BDD
4 85 (19.02%) Test Scripting
5 77 (17.23%) Test Strategy
6 73 (16.33%) User Acceptance Testing
7 59 (13.20%) Continuous Integration
8 55 (12.30%) API Testing
8 55 (12.30%) Regression Testing
9 52 (11.63%) Integration Testing
10 48 (10.74%) Software Testing
11 39 (8.72%) TDD
11 39 (8.72%) User Stories
12 35 (7.83%) Scenario Testing
12 35 (7.83%) SDLC
13 32 (7.16%) Test Management
14 31 (6.94%) Exploratory Testing
14 31 (6.94%) Functional Testing
15 30 (6.71%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 113 (25.28%) Java
2 112 (25.06%) SQL
3 63 (14.09%) C#
4 60 (13.42%) JavaScript
5 33 (7.38%) Python
6 13 (2.91%) Ruby
6 13 (2.91%) T-SQL
7 12 (2.68%) Groovy
7 12 (2.68%) PL/SQL
8 9 (2.01%) C++
9 8 (1.79%) C
10 6 (1.34%) Apple Swift
11 5 (1.12%) Perl
12 4 (0.89%) Shell Script
13 3 (0.67%) Bash Shell
13 3 (0.67%) PHP
14 2 (0.45%) Java 8
14 2 (0.45%) PowerShell
14 2 (0.45%) VBScript
15 1 (0.22%) VB
Qualifications
1 54 (12.08%) ISTQB
2 53 (11.86%) ISEB
3 25 (5.59%) Security Cleared
4 23 (5.15%) SC Cleared
5 21 (4.70%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 19 (4.25%) Degree
7 7 (1.57%) Computer Science Degree
8 5 (1.12%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.45%) BPSS Clearance
9 2 (0.45%) ISEB Practitioner
9 2 (0.45%) Master's Degree
9 2 (0.45%) PMI Certification
9 2 (0.45%) PMP
10 1 (0.22%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.22%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 186 (41.61%) QA
2 7 (1.57%) 21 CFR Part 11
2 7 (1.57%) GMP
3 3 (0.67%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.45%) GDPR
4 2 (0.45%) GxP
5 1 (0.22%) PMO
System Software
1 6 (1.34%) Docker
2 1 (0.22%) Firmware
2 1 (0.22%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 9 (2.01%) HP ALM
1 9 (2.01%) HP Quality Center
2 3 (0.67%) Puppet
3 1 (0.22%) HAProxy
3 1 (0.22%) Kibana
3 1 (0.22%) Opscode Chef
3 1 (0.22%) Rancher
3 1 (0.22%) Terraform
Vendors
1 46 (10.29%) Microsoft
2 21 (4.70%) Oracle
3 10 (2.24%) HP
3 10 (2.24%) MuleSoft
4 6 (1.34%) Apple
4 6 (1.34%) Atlassian
5 4 (0.89%) Adobe
5 4 (0.89%) IBM
5 4 (0.89%) SAP
5 4 (0.89%) Veracode
6 3 (0.67%) Apigee
6 3 (0.67%) CA Agile Central
6 3 (0.67%) Cypress Semiconductor
7 2 (0.45%) Blue Prism
7 2 (0.45%) Murex
7 2 (0.45%) Sitecore
8 1 (0.22%) CA
8 1 (0.22%) Calypso
8 1 (0.22%) Informatica
8 1 (0.22%) Salesforce.com