Period
to 25 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Manual Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Manual Testing over the 6 months to 25 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Manual Testing
UK
6 months to
25 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 460 398 410
Rank change year-on-year -62 +12 +62
Contract jobs citing Manual Testing 451 565 582
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.45% 0.59% 0.54%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.53% 0.71% 0.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 297 387 387
UK median daily rate £360 £330 £320
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.09% +3.13% +6.67%
10th Percentile £250 £220 £215
90th Percentile £546 £475 £450
UK excluding London median daily rate £320 £314 £300
% change year-on-year +1.99% +4.58% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 6 10
UK median hourly rate £13.50 £32.25 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -58.14% -14.00% +66.67%
10th Percentile £12.00 £22.88 £16.25
90th Percentile £82.25 £38.88 £62.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £13.50 £32.25 £37.50
% change year-on-year -58.14% -14.00% +66.67%

Manual Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 84,764 79,812 89,407
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.78% 83.84% 82.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,572 52,927 58,164
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £288 £265 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +3.13% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,044 2,187 2,615
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £25.00 £24.85
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.00% +0.60% +22.14%
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.37 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.67 £50.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.56 £25.00 £26.00
% change year-on-year -1.76% -3.85% +20.93%

Manual Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Manual Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Manual Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Manual Testing over the 6 months to 25 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Manual Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Manual Testing over the 6 months to 25 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Manual Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 25 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -75 408 £375 +9.49% 186
UK excluding London -60 276 £320 +1.99% 145
London -32 175 £414 +10.33% 50
South East +7 81 £375 +5.93% 25
Midlands +17 60 £300 -14.29% 23
North of England -18 53 £285 -5.00% 44
West Midlands +17 36 £263 -26.32% 15
Yorkshire -14 35 £270 -8.47% 25
Scotland -18 25 £350 +16.67% 4
East Midlands -1 24 £308 -1.20% 8
East of England -37 21 £305 +0.33% 33
South West -25 18 £350 +7.69% 11
North West -7 17 £301 -12.36% 17
Northern Ireland -8 13 £263 +0.57% 1
Wales 0 5 £325 +71.05% 4
North East +46 1 £300 +9.09% 2

For the 6 months to 25 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Manual Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Manual Testing.

1 294 (65.19%) Test Automation
2 233 (51.66%) Agile Software Development
3 139 (30.82%) SQL
4 130 (28.82%) QA
5 125 (27.72%) Test Scripting
6 122 (27.05%) Finance
7 115 (25.50%) Selenium
8 107 (23.73%) Scrum
9 91 (20.18%) Java
10 83 (18.40%) User Acceptance Testing
11 82 (18.18%) JIRA
12 76 (16.85%) Test Strategy
13 69 (15.30%) BDD
14 68 (15.08%) Banking
15 66 (14.63%) Functional Testing
16 64 (14.19%) Regression Testing
17 60 (13.30%) SDLC
18 56 (12.42%) Scenario Testing
19 54 (11.97%) Cucumber
20 53 (11.75%) C#
20 53 (11.75%) TDD
20 53 (11.75%) ISTQB
21 52 (11.53%) Software Testing
21 52 (11.53%) User Stories
22 51 (11.31%) System Integration Testing
23 47 (10.42%) Exploratory Testing
24 46 (10.20%) Web Services
25 45 (9.98%) Degree
26 44 (9.76%) Integration Testing
27 43 (9.53%) Continuous Integration

Manual Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (5.76%) Confluence
2 9 (2.00%) Tomcat
3 7 (1.55%) CMS
4 6 (1.33%) Elasticsearch
4 6 (1.33%) SharePoint
5 4 (0.89%) SharePoint 2010
6 3 (0.67%) IIS
6 3 (0.67%) SharePoint 2013
7 2 (0.44%) Documentum
7 2 (0.44%) Sitecore CMS
7 2 (0.44%) WebSphere
8 1 (0.22%) Apache
8 1 (0.22%) Apache Spark
8 1 (0.22%) OpenStack
Applications
1 17 (3.77%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (2.44%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.67%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 5 (1.11%) ION MarketView
1 5 (1.11%) Oracle EBS
2 3 (0.67%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.44%) Maximo
3 2 (0.44%) Oracle EBS R12
3 2 (0.44%) Oracle ERP
3 2 (0.44%) Oracle Financials
3 2 (0.44%) Oracle General Ledger
3 2 (0.44%) Oracle Payables
3 2 (0.44%) Oracle Receivables
3 2 (0.44%) SAP CO
3 2 (0.44%) SAP FI
3 2 (0.44%) SAP FI/CO
3 2 (0.44%) SAP MM
3 2 (0.44%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.22%) FastStats
4 1 (0.22%) Oracle Assets
4 1 (0.22%) Oracle Internet Expenses
4 1 (0.22%) Oracle iProcurement
4 1 (0.22%) Sonata
Cloud Services
1 11 (2.44%) Microsoft Azure
2 7 (1.55%) Cloud Computing
2 7 (1.55%) IaaS
2 7 (1.55%) npm
2 7 (1.55%) PaaS
3 4 (0.89%) Amazon AWS
4 3 (0.67%) BrowserStack
4 3 (0.67%) OpenDNS
5 2 (0.44%) Dynamics 365
5 2 (0.44%) Sauce Labs
6 1 (0.22%) Amazon EC2
6 1 (0.22%) BlazeMeter
6 1 (0.22%) GitHub
6 1 (0.22%) SaaS
6 1 (0.22%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 7 (1.55%) DNS
1 7 (1.55%) Internet
2 6 (1.33%) TCP/IP
3 5 (1.11%) SMS
4 4 (0.89%) DHCP
5 2 (0.44%) HTTP
5 2 (0.44%) Wireless
6 1 (0.22%) 3G
6 1 (0.22%) 4G
6 1 (0.22%) Firewall
6 1 (0.22%) ICMP
6 1 (0.22%) LTE
6 1 (0.22%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (5.10%) SQL Server
2 15 (3.33%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 12 (2.66%) Relational Database
4 10 (2.22%) MongoDB
5 9 (2.00%) Data Warehouse
6 8 (1.77%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 7 (1.55%) NoSQL
7 7 (1.55%) SQL Server 2012
8 6 (1.33%) Redis
9 5 (1.11%) Blockchain
10 4 (0.89%) Big Data
10 4 (0.89%) Hadoop
11 3 (0.67%) Maltego
12 2 (0.44%) DB2
12 2 (0.44%) MySQL
12 2 (0.44%) PostgreSQL
13 1 (0.22%) GIS
13 1 (0.22%) Oracle Database
13 1 (0.22%) Oracle Reports
13 1 (0.22%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 115 (25.50%) Selenium
2 82 (18.18%) JIRA
3 54 (11.97%) Cucumber
4 40 (8.87%) WebDriver
5 34 (7.54%) Team Foundation Server
6 31 (6.87%) Jenkins
7 30 (6.65%) SoapUI
8 28 (6.21%) Visual Studio
9 24 (5.32%) Appium
10 23 (5.10%) Git (software)
11 22 (4.88%) Calabash
12 18 (3.99%) Xcode
13 16 (3.55%) JMeter
14 14 (3.10%) NUnit
15 11 (2.44%) JUnit
16 10 (2.22%) Eclipse
17 9 (2.00%) SpecFlow
17 9 (2.00%) Visual Studio Team System
18 8 (1.77%) HP UFT
19 7 (1.55%) NuGet
General
1 122 (27.05%) Finance
2 68 (15.08%) Banking
3 31 (6.87%) Retail
4 14 (3.10%) Investment Banking
5 10 (2.22%) Marketing
6 9 (2.00%) Back Office
6 9 (2.00%) Retail Banking
6 9 (2.00%) Telecoms
7 8 (1.77%) Front Office
7 8 (1.77%) Law
8 7 (1.55%) Financial Institution
9 6 (1.33%) Corporate Banking
9 6 (1.33%) Manufacturing
10 5 (1.11%) Automotive
10 5 (1.11%) Games
11 3 (0.67%) Electronics
11 3 (0.67%) Private Banking
11 3 (0.67%) Spanish Language
12 2 (0.44%) Advertising
12 2 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 202 (44.79%) Analyst
2 186 (41.24%) Test Analyst
3 126 (27.94%) Tester
4 50 (11.09%) Manual Test Analyst
5 45 (9.98%) Manual Tester
6 34 (7.54%) Automation Test Analyst
7 33 (7.32%) Automation Tester
7 33 (7.32%) QA Engineer
7 33 (7.32%) Test Engineer
8 30 (6.65%) QA Tester
9 29 (6.43%) Developer
10 24 (5.32%) Software Analyst
11 23 (5.10%) Software Test Analyst
11 23 (5.10%) Test Leader
12 22 (4.88%) Developer in Test
13 21 (4.66%) QA Analyst
13 21 (4.66%) Software Tester
14 19 (4.21%) QA Test Analyst
15 17 (3.77%) Test Automation Engineer
16 16 (3.55%) Banking Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 46 (10.20%) Web Services
2 42 (9.31%) Gherkin
3 37 (8.20%) .NET
4 33 (7.32%) REST
5 32 (7.10%) JSON
5 32 (7.10%) RESTful
6 30 (6.65%) SOAP
7 28 (6.21%) XML
8 12 (2.66%) AngularJS
8 12 (2.66%) CSS
8 12 (2.66%) Velocity
9 11 (2.44%) HTML
10 9 (2.00%) .NET Framework
11 8 (1.77%) jQuery
12 6 (1.33%) Ajax
12 6 (1.33%) Elastic Stack
13 5 (1.11%) IBM Integration Bus
13 5 (1.11%) Middleware
14 4 (0.89%) Node.js
14 4 (0.89%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 39 (8.65%) Mobile App
2 25 (5.54%) Analytical Skills
3 18 (3.99%) Computer Science
4 15 (3.33%) Management Information System
5 14 (3.10%) Enterprise Software
5 14 (3.10%) Linux Command Line
6 11 (2.44%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 11 (2.44%) Video on Demand
7 10 (2.22%) Video\Live Streaming
8 9 (2.00%) Derivative
8 9 (2.00%) Fixed Income
8 9 (2.00%) User Experience
9 8 (1.77%) Mainframe
10 6 (1.33%) Fintech
11 5 (1.11%) Equities
11 5 (1.11%) Reference Data
12 4 (0.89%) Digital Media
13 3 (0.67%) Client/Server
13 3 (0.67%) Cyberthreat
13 3 (0.67%) EPoS
Operating Systems
1 27 (5.99%) Unix
1 27 (5.99%) Windows
2 26 (5.76%) Linux
3 20 (4.43%) Android
4 19 (4.21%) Apple iOS
5 4 (0.89%) Mac OS X
6 3 (0.67%) Windows Server 2003
6 3 (0.67%) Windows Server 2008
7 1 (0.22%) CentOS
7 1 (0.22%) Windows 10
7 1 (0.22%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 294 (65.19%) Test Automation
2 233 (51.66%) Agile Software Development
3 125 (27.72%) Test Scripting
4 107 (23.73%) Scrum
5 83 (18.40%) User Acceptance Testing
6 76 (16.85%) Test Strategy
7 69 (15.30%) BDD
8 66 (14.63%) Functional Testing
9 64 (14.19%) Regression Testing
10 60 (13.30%) SDLC
11 56 (12.42%) Scenario Testing
12 53 (11.75%) TDD
13 52 (11.53%) Software Testing
13 52 (11.53%) User Stories
14 51 (11.31%) System Integration Testing
15 47 (10.42%) Exploratory Testing
16 44 (9.76%) Integration Testing
17 43 (9.53%) Continuous Integration
18 36 (7.98%) Kanban
19 35 (7.76%) Acceptance Criteria
Programming Languages
1 139 (30.82%) SQL
2 91 (20.18%) Java
3 53 (11.75%) C#
4 34 (7.54%) Python
5 29 (6.43%) T-SQL
6 28 (6.21%) Ruby
7 27 (5.99%) JavaScript
8 21 (4.66%) Apple Swift
9 17 (3.77%) PowerShell
9 17 (3.77%) Shell Script
10 6 (1.33%) Bash Shell
11 5 (1.11%) PHP
12 4 (0.89%) Perl
12 4 (0.89%) Scala
12 4 (0.89%) VB
12 4 (0.89%) VBScript
13 3 (0.67%) ABAP
13 3 (0.67%) C
13 3 (0.67%) C++
13 3 (0.67%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 53 (11.75%) ISTQB
2 45 (9.98%) Degree
3 35 (7.76%) ISEB
4 19 (4.21%) Security Cleared
5 17 (3.77%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 15 (3.33%) SC Cleared
7 8 (1.77%) Computer Science Degree
8 6 (1.33%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 130 (28.82%) QA
2 22 (4.88%) MiFID
3 6 (1.33%) EMIR
4 5 (1.11%) Dodd-Frank
5 3 (0.67%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.67%) GAMP
5 3 (0.67%) PMO
6 2 (0.44%) 21 CFR Part 11
6 2 (0.44%) GMP
6 2 (0.44%) GxP
6 2 (0.44%) WCAG
7 1 (0.22%) GDPR
7 1 (0.22%) WAI
System Software
1 11 (2.44%) Docker
2 10 (2.22%) Virtual Servers
3 8 (1.77%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (1.55%) Microsoft Virtual Server
5 6 (1.33%) Active Directory
6 1 (0.22%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 29 (6.43%) HP Quality Center
2 14 (3.10%) HP ALM
3 11 (2.44%) Opscode Chef
3 11 (2.44%) Puppet
4 3 (0.67%) Kibana
5 1 (0.22%) Ansible
5 1 (0.22%) CA Service Virtualization
5 1 (0.22%) Hadoop YARN
5 1 (0.22%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 39 (8.65%) Microsoft
2 19 (4.21%) HP
3 16 (3.55%) Oracle
4 11 (2.44%) SAP
4 11 (2.44%) VMware
5 10 (2.22%) Xamarin
6 7 (1.55%) IBM
7 5 (1.11%) Atlassian
7 5 (1.11%) ION Trading
8 4 (0.89%) Tableau
9 3 (0.67%) Concur
10 2 (0.44%) Fidessa
10 2 (0.44%) JDA
10 2 (0.44%) PeopleSoft
10 2 (0.44%) RedPrairie
10 2 (0.44%) Salesforce.com
10 2 (0.44%) Sitecore
10 2 (0.44%) TOWER Software
11 1 (0.22%) Charles River
11 1 (0.22%) webMethods