Period
to 22 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Manual Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Manual Testing over the 6 months to 22 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Manual Testing
UK
6 months to
22 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 497 448 492
Rank change year-on-year -49 +44 -19
Contract jobs citing Manual Testing 408 428 441
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.41% 0.47% 0.41%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.48% 0.55% 0.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 272 290 316
UK median daily rate £375 £325 £320
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +15.38% +1.56% +6.67%
10th Percentile £256 £219 £216
90th Percentile £549 £488 £478
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £311 £300
% change year-on-year +12.45% +3.75% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 5 5
UK median hourly rate £21.11 £18.50 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.08% -43.08% -15.58%
10th Percentile £12.75 £12.30 £11.25
90th Percentile £45.50 £36.20 £194.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.00 £18.50 £22.50
% change year-on-year -18.92% -17.78% -41.56%

Manual Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 85,849 77,433 89,750
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.65% 84.78% 84.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,597 50,637 59,106
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,337 2,076 2,273
UK median hourly rate £21.73 £25.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.08% - +19.05%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.50 £12.00
90th Percentile £50.00 £52.50 £50.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £27.00
% change year-on-year -20.00% -7.41% +25.29%

Manual Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Manual Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Manual Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Manual Testing over the 6 months to 22 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Manual Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Manual Testing over the 6 months to 22 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Manual Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 22 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -61 353 £395 +17.04% 187
UK excluding London -43 279 £350 +12.45% 167
London -40 128 £450 +18.58% 39
South East -11 68 £398 +23.16% 38
North of England -37 60 £300 - 42
Midlands -9 47 £338 +1.89% 29
Yorkshire -23 40 £285 -3.39% 18
Scotland -37 36 £320 -8.57% 10
West Midlands -19 31 £300 -7.69% 19
South West -15 28 £375 +16.28% 23
East of England -1 22 £300 +9.09% 16
North West -28 18 £350 +16.67% 20
East Midlands -13 16 £398 +13.57% 10
Wales -10 10 £325 +71.05% 6
Northern Ireland +18 8 £263 - 3
North East 0 2 £313 -3.85% 4

For the 6 months to 22 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Manual Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Manual Testing.

1 270 (66.18%) Test Automation
2 229 (56.13%) Agile Software Development
3 149 (36.52%) Selenium
4 141 (34.56%) QA
5 111 (27.21%) SQL
6 93 (22.79%) Test Scripting
7 91 (22.30%) Java
8 86 (21.08%) Scrum
9 83 (20.34%) Finance
10 76 (18.63%) JIRA
11 71 (17.40%) BDD
12 69 (16.91%) Test Strategy
13 64 (15.69%) C#
14 63 (15.44%) User Acceptance Testing
15 60 (14.71%) ISTQB
16 56 (13.73%) Regression Testing
17 45 (11.03%) Integration Testing
17 45 (11.03%) Scenario Testing
18 44 (10.78%) TDD
19 43 (10.54%) Cucumber
19 43 (10.54%) Functional Testing
20 42 (10.29%) Software Testing
21 41 (10.05%) ISEB
22 39 (9.56%) Banking
22 39 (9.56%) SoapUI
22 39 (9.56%) API Testing
22 39 (9.56%) WebDriver
23 36 (8.82%) System Integration Testing
24 34 (8.33%) SDLC
25 33 (8.09%) User Stories

Manual Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (3.68%) Confluence
2 14 (3.43%) CMS
3 9 (2.21%) Tomcat
4 6 (1.47%) SharePoint
5 4 (0.98%) SharePoint 2010
5 4 (0.98%) Sitecore CMS
6 3 (0.74%) Anypoint
6 3 (0.74%) Apache
6 3 (0.74%) SharePoint 2013
7 2 (0.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 2 (0.49%) Elasticsearch
7 2 (0.49%) Mule
7 2 (0.49%) WebSphere
8 1 (0.25%) Apache Spark
8 1 (0.25%) Documentum
8 1 (0.25%) Mule ESB
8 1 (0.25%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 12 (2.94%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.25%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.25%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 3 (0.74%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.49%) Adobe Campaign
2 2 (0.49%) FastStats
2 2 (0.49%) HFM
2 2 (0.49%) Oracle EBS
2 2 (0.49%) Oracle Financials
2 2 (0.49%) Payment Gateway
2 2 (0.49%) Unica
3 1 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.25%) Hyperion Planning
3 1 (0.25%) Maximo
3 1 (0.25%) Oracle EBS R12
3 1 (0.25%) Oracle General Ledger
3 1 (0.25%) Oracle Payables
3 1 (0.25%) Oracle Receivables
3 1 (0.25%) SAP CO
3 1 (0.25%) SAP FI
3 1 (0.25%) SAP FI/CO
3 1 (0.25%) SAP MM
3 1 (0.25%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 7 (1.72%) Microsoft Azure
2 6 (1.47%) Sauce Labs
3 5 (1.23%) Amazon AWS
3 5 (1.23%) BrowserStack
4 4 (0.98%) OpenDNS
4 4 (0.98%) SaaS
5 2 (0.49%) BlazeMeter
5 2 (0.49%) Dynamics 365
5 2 (0.49%) GitHub
5 2 (0.49%) Slack
6 1 (0.25%) Office 365
6 1 (0.25%) Oracle CX
6 1 (0.25%) TestFlight
Communications & Networking
1 8 (1.96%) HTTP
2 5 (1.23%) TCP/IP
3 4 (0.98%) DNS
4 2 (0.49%) Internet
4 2 (0.49%) SMS
4 2 (0.49%) Wireless
5 1 (0.25%) Broadband
5 1 (0.25%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (3.68%) SQL Server
2 12 (2.94%) MongoDB
3 8 (1.96%) Relational Database
4 7 (1.72%) Big Data
4 7 (1.72%) Data Warehouse
4 7 (1.72%) NoSQL
5 6 (1.47%) MySQL
6 5 (1.23%) Blockchain
7 4 (0.98%) Data Mining
7 4 (0.98%) Maltego
7 4 (0.98%) Oracle Database
8 2 (0.49%) DB2
8 2 (0.49%) Hadoop
8 2 (0.49%) Redis
8 2 (0.49%) SQL Server 2012
9 1 (0.25%) Data Mart
9 1 (0.25%) Oracle BI EE
9 1 (0.25%) Oracle Database 11g
9 1 (0.25%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 1 (0.25%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 149 (36.52%) Selenium
2 76 (18.63%) JIRA
3 43 (10.54%) Cucumber
4 39 (9.56%) SoapUI
4 39 (9.56%) WebDriver
5 32 (7.84%) Jenkins
6 20 (4.90%) JMeter
6 20 (4.90%) Team Foundation Server
7 18 (4.41%) SpecFlow
8 17 (4.17%) Git (software)
9 16 (3.92%) Visual Studio
10 11 (2.70%) Gatling
11 7 (1.72%) Appium
11 7 (1.72%) Protractor
12 6 (1.47%) HP UFT
13 5 (1.23%) Maven
13 5 (1.23%) NUnit
13 5 (1.23%) SilkTest
13 5 (1.23%) TestPartner
13 5 (1.23%) Xcode
General
1 83 (20.34%) Finance
2 39 (9.56%) Banking
3 30 (7.35%) Retail
4 9 (2.21%) Investment Banking
5 6 (1.47%) Pharmaceutical
6 5 (1.23%) Back Office
6 5 (1.23%) Billing
6 5 (1.23%) Games
6 5 (1.23%) Manufacturing
6 5 (1.23%) Marketing
6 5 (1.23%) Telecoms
7 4 (0.98%) Law
8 3 (0.74%) Corporate Banking
8 3 (0.74%) Retail Banking
8 3 (0.74%) Spanish Language
9 2 (0.49%) Front Office
9 2 (0.49%) Legal
10 1 (0.25%) Advertising
10 1 (0.25%) Electronics
10 1 (0.25%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 166 (40.69%) Analyst
2 155 (37.99%) Test Analyst
3 100 (24.51%) Tester
4 45 (11.03%) Test Engineer
5 37 (9.07%) Manual Test Analyst
6 36 (8.82%) Automation Tester
7 32 (7.84%) QA Engineer
8 28 (6.86%) Automation Test Analyst
9 27 (6.62%) Manual Tester
10 23 (5.64%) QA Tester
11 21 (5.15%) Developer
12 18 (4.41%) QA Analyst
12 18 (4.41%) Software Analyst
12 18 (4.41%) Test Automation Engineer
13 17 (4.17%) Software Test Analyst
13 17 (4.17%) Test Leader
14 16 (3.92%) Test Manager
15 15 (3.68%) QA Test Analyst
16 13 (3.19%) Software Tester
17 12 (2.94%) Software Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 30 (7.35%) .NET
2 28 (6.86%) REST
2 28 (6.86%) SOAP
3 23 (5.64%) Gherkin
4 21 (5.15%) Web Services
5 14 (3.43%) RESTful
5 14 (3.43%) XML
6 13 (3.19%) JSON
7 9 (2.21%) Elastic Stack
7 9 (2.21%) HTML
8 7 (1.72%) CSS
9 6 (1.47%) .NET Framework
10 5 (1.23%) HTML5
10 5 (1.23%) Node.js
11 4 (0.98%) AngularJS
11 4 (0.98%) ASP.NET
11 4 (0.98%) Middleware
11 4 (0.98%) Unity (Game Engine)
12 3 (0.74%) CSS3
12 3 (0.74%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 28 (6.86%) Analytical Skills
2 20 (4.90%) Mobile App
3 15 (3.68%) Computer Science
4 14 (3.43%) User Experience
5 13 (3.19%) Enterprise Software
6 12 (2.94%) Management Information System
7 9 (2.21%) Cyberthreat
7 9 (2.21%) Greenfield Project
8 8 (1.96%) Fintech
9 6 (1.47%) Linux Command Line
10 5 (1.23%) Fixed Income
10 5 (1.23%) Video on Demand
11 4 (0.98%) AS400
11 4 (0.98%) Reference Data
11 4 (0.98%) Self-Motivation
11 4 (0.98%) Virtual Team
12 3 (0.74%) Mainframe
12 3 (0.74%) Robotics
12 3 (0.74%) Smart Meter
12 3 (0.74%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 24 (5.88%) Linux
2 23 (5.64%) Android
2 23 (5.64%) Apple iOS
3 13 (3.19%) Unix
3 13 (3.19%) Windows
4 1 (0.25%) CentOS
4 1 (0.25%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 270 (66.18%) Test Automation
2 229 (56.13%) Agile Software Development
3 93 (22.79%) Test Scripting
4 86 (21.08%) Scrum
5 71 (17.40%) BDD
6 69 (16.91%) Test Strategy
7 63 (15.44%) User Acceptance Testing
8 56 (13.73%) Regression Testing
9 45 (11.03%) Integration Testing
9 45 (11.03%) Scenario Testing
10 44 (10.78%) TDD
11 43 (10.54%) Functional Testing
12 42 (10.29%) Software Testing
13 39 (9.56%) API Testing
14 36 (8.82%) System Integration Testing
15 34 (8.33%) SDLC
16 33 (8.09%) Continuous Integration
16 33 (8.09%) Exploratory Testing
16 33 (8.09%) User Stories
17 31 (7.60%) Waterfall
Programming Languages
1 111 (27.21%) SQL
2 91 (22.30%) Java
3 64 (15.69%) C#
4 30 (7.35%) JavaScript
5 24 (5.88%) Python
6 20 (4.90%) T-SQL
7 16 (3.92%) Ruby
8 10 (2.45%) C++
9 6 (1.47%) C
9 6 (1.47%) PL/SQL
9 6 (1.47%) VBScript
10 4 (0.98%) Apple Swift
10 4 (0.98%) Perl
10 4 (0.98%) PowerShell
10 4 (0.98%) R
10 4 (0.98%) Shell Script
11 3 (0.74%) Bash Shell
11 3 (0.74%) Groovy
12 2 (0.49%) Go
12 2 (0.49%) PHP
Qualifications
1 60 (14.71%) ISTQB
2 41 (10.05%) ISEB
3 26 (6.37%) Degree
4 23 (5.64%) Security Cleared
5 19 (4.66%) SC Cleared
6 14 (3.43%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 8 (1.96%) Computer Science Degree
8 4 (0.98%) DV Cleared
9 3 (0.74%) Master's Degree
10 2 (0.49%) PMI Certification
10 2 (0.49%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 141 (34.56%) QA
2 4 (0.98%) 21 CFR Part 11
2 4 (0.98%) GMP
3 3 (0.74%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.49%) GDPR
5 1 (0.25%) PMO
System Software
1 4 (0.98%) Docker
2 2 (0.49%) Virtual Servers
3 1 (0.25%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.25%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 14 (3.43%) HP Quality Center
2 6 (1.47%) HP ALM
3 4 (0.98%) Puppet
4 2 (0.49%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (0.25%) CA Service Virtualization
5 1 (0.25%) Hadoop YARN
5 1 (0.25%) Kibana
Vendors
1 32 (7.84%) Microsoft
2 15 (3.68%) Oracle
3 8 (1.96%) MuleSoft
4 7 (1.72%) HP
5 6 (1.47%) CA Agile Central
6 5 (1.23%) IBM
6 5 (1.23%) SAP
7 4 (0.98%) Adobe
7 4 (0.98%) Capita
7 4 (0.98%) Sitecore
8 3 (0.74%) Atlassian
8 3 (0.74%) Murex
8 3 (0.74%) Xamarin
9 2 (0.49%) Apigee
9 2 (0.49%) Apteco
9 2 (0.49%) Blue Prism
9 2 (0.49%) Cypress Semiconductor
9 2 (0.49%) Hyperion
9 2 (0.49%) Veracode
10 1 (0.25%) Samsung