Period
to 23 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Manual Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Manual Testing over the 6 months to 23 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Manual Testing
UK
6 months to
23 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 459 464 403
Rank change year-on-year +5 -61 +78
Contract jobs citing Manual Testing 490 496 630
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.48% 0.47% 0.55%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.56% 0.56% 0.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 329 340 408
UK median daily rate £350 £325 £310
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.69% +4.84% +2.48%
10th Percentile £243 £212 £210
90th Percentile £494 £475 £438
UK excluding London median daily rate £313 £310 £295
% change year-on-year +0.81% +5.08% +1.72%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 6 10
UK median hourly rate £13.50 £32.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -58.46% -13.33% +72.41%
10th Percentile £10.75 £29.50 £23.88
90th Percentile £36.85 £119.50 £41.65
UK excluding London median hourly rate £13.50 £32.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year -58.46% -13.33% +72.41%

Manual Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 87085 88317 92969
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.46% 83.90% 81.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 58028 58368 60222
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £631 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £385
% change year-on-year - +3.90% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2061 2366 2748
UK median hourly rate £23.75 £23.89 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.58% +6.17% +18.42%
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.25 £11.28
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £24.00 £23.75
% change year-on-year - +1.05% +18.75%

Manual Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Manual Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Manual Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Manual Testing over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Manual Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Manual Testing over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Manual Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 23 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 447 £375 +11.11% 112
UK excluding London +36 284 £313 +0.81% 88
London -20 205 £411 +9.47% 31
North of England +50 64 £270 -14.29% 24
South East +4 61 £350 +3.70% 23
Midlands +35 51 £305 -9.63% 11
South West -8 40 £348 +24.11% 11
Yorkshire +32 39 £268 -10.67% 12
Scotland -9 30 £320 +16.36% 5
West Midlands +30 29 £303 -13.57% 5
East of England -14 28 £338 +25.58% 12
North West +10 25 £306 -5.77% 11
East Midlands +5 21 £325 +4.84% 6
Northern Ireland - 10 £263 -
Wales +12 1 - - 2

For the 6 months to 23 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Manual Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Manual Testing.

1 296 (60.41%) Test Automation
2 256 (52.24%) Agile Software Development
3 137 (27.96%) QA
4 132 (26.94%) SQL
5 130 (26.53%) Test Scripting
6 120 (24.49%) Selenium
7 116 (23.67%) Java
8 112 (22.86%) Scrum
9 109 (22.24%) Finance
10 104 (21.22%) User Acceptance Testing
11 102 (20.82%) JIRA
12 94 (19.18%) BDD
13 84 (17.14%) Cucumber
14 82 (16.73%) Banking
15 81 (16.53%) Test Strategy
16 79 (16.12%) User Stories
17 76 (15.51%) Functional Testing
18 59 (12.04%) TDD
19 58 (11.84%) Regression Testing
19 58 (11.84%) Scenario Testing
20 57 (11.63%) Exploratory Testing
20 57 (11.63%) ISEB
21 53 (10.82%) C#
21 53 (10.82%) Web Services
21 53 (10.82%) Mobile App
22 52 (10.61%) ISTQB
23 50 (10.20%) E-Commerce
24 49 (10.00%) Gherkin
25 48 (9.80%) WebDriver
26 46 (9.39%) HP Quality Center

Manual Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (5.51%) Confluence
2 18 (3.67%) Tomcat
3 5 (1.02%) Elasticsearch
4 3 (0.61%) CMS
4 3 (0.61%) IIS
5 2 (0.41%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 2 (0.41%) SharePoint
6 1 (0.20%) Apache
6 1 (0.20%) Apache Spark
6 1 (0.20%) BizTalk Server
6 1 (0.20%) Documentum
6 1 (0.20%) SAS
Applications
1 12 (2.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (2.04%) Microsoft Office
3 9 (1.84%) InDesign
4 4 (0.82%) Spreadsheet
5 3 (0.61%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.20%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 5 (1.02%) ION MarketView
2 4 (0.82%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.82%) Markit EDM
3 3 (0.61%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.41%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.20%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.20%) Magento
5 1 (0.20%) Maximo
5 1 (0.20%) Minerva
5 1 (0.20%) Oracle EBS R12
5 1 (0.20%) Oracle General Ledger
5 1 (0.20%) Oracle iProcurement
5 1 (0.20%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.20%) Retail-J
5 1 (0.20%) SAP CO
5 1 (0.20%) SAP FI
5 1 (0.20%) SAP FI/CO
5 1 (0.20%) SAP MM
5 1 (0.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.20%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 14 (2.86%) OpenDNS
2 10 (2.04%) Amazon AWS
3 9 (1.84%) Adobe Creative Cloud
4 8 (1.63%) BrowserStack
5 7 (1.43%) GitHub
6 6 (1.22%) Microsoft Azure
7 5 (1.02%) Cloud Computing
8 4 (0.82%) SaaS
9 1 (0.20%) Dynamics 365
9 1 (0.20%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
9 1 (0.20%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 15 (3.06%) DNS
2 8 (1.63%) Internet
3 6 (1.22%) SMS
4 3 (0.61%) HTTP
4 3 (0.61%) PuTTY
4 3 (0.61%) WinSCP
5 2 (0.41%) LTE
5 2 (0.41%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.20%) 3G
6 1 (0.20%) 4G
6 1 (0.20%) DHCP
6 1 (0.20%) GPRS
6 1 (0.20%) GSM
6 1 (0.20%) ICMP
6 1 (0.20%) LAN
6 1 (0.20%) Network Security
6 1 (0.20%) UMTS
6 1 (0.20%) VoIP
6 1 (0.20%) WAAS
6 1 (0.20%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (3.88%) SQL Server
2 16 (3.27%) Data Warehouse
3 14 (2.86%) Maltego
3 14 (2.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 11 (2.24%) MongoDB
5 9 (1.84%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 7 (1.43%) SQL Server 2012
7 6 (1.22%) Big Data
8 5 (1.02%) Redis
8 5 (1.02%) Relational Database
9 4 (0.82%) Blockchain
9 4 (0.82%) MySQL
10 3 (0.61%) Hadoop
10 3 (0.61%) Oracle Database
11 2 (0.41%) Data Mart
11 2 (0.41%) NoSQL
11 2 (0.41%) RDBMS
12 1 (0.20%) Apache Cassandra
12 1 (0.20%) Oracle Reports
12 1 (0.20%) PowerCenter
Development Applications
1 120 (24.49%) Selenium
2 102 (20.82%) JIRA
3 84 (17.14%) Cucumber
4 48 (9.80%) WebDriver
5 41 (8.37%) Jenkins
6 34 (6.94%) SoapUI
7 32 (6.53%) Appium
8 28 (5.71%) JMeter
9 27 (5.51%) Calabash
10 26 (5.31%) Git (software)
11 21 (4.29%) Team Foundation Server
11 21 (4.29%) Visual Studio
12 19 (3.88%) Xcode
13 14 (2.86%) HP UFT
13 14 (2.86%) NUnit
13 14 (2.86%) TestRail
14 13 (2.65%) SpecFlow
15 12 (2.45%) JUnit
16 11 (2.24%) Ant
16 11 (2.24%) Zephyr
General
1 109 (22.24%) Finance
2 82 (16.73%) Banking
3 23 (4.69%) Investment Banking
4 20 (4.08%) Retail
5 15 (3.06%) Retail Banking
6 10 (2.04%) Financial Institution
7 9 (1.84%) Private Banking
8 7 (1.43%) Telecoms
9 5 (1.02%) Front Office
9 5 (1.02%) Games
10 4 (0.82%) Advertising
10 4 (0.82%) Back Office
10 4 (0.82%) Manufacturing
10 4 (0.82%) Marketing
11 3 (0.61%) Automotive
11 3 (0.61%) Corporate Banking
11 3 (0.61%) Electronics
11 3 (0.61%) Law
12 2 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
13 1 (0.20%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 203 (41.43%) Analyst
2 173 (35.31%) Test Analyst
3 137 (27.96%) Tester
4 44 (8.98%) Manual Tester
5 42 (8.57%) Developer
6 39 (7.96%) Manual Test Analyst
7 36 (7.35%) Test Leader
8 35 (7.14%) Automation Tester
9 30 (6.12%) Automation Test Analyst
9 30 (6.12%) QA Engineer
10 29 (5.92%) Developer in Test
10 29 (5.92%) Test Engineer
11 24 (4.90%) QA Tester
12 18 (3.67%) Agile Test Analyst
13 14 (2.86%) Banking Analyst
13 14 (2.86%) Business Analyst
13 14 (2.86%) QA Leader
13 14 (2.86%) Senior Tester
13 14 (2.86%) Test Automation Engineer
14 13 (2.65%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 53 (10.82%) Web Services
2 49 (10.00%) Gherkin
3 40 (8.16%) RESTful
4 39 (7.96%) JSON
5 34 (6.94%) REST
6 32 (6.53%) SOAP
7 31 (6.33%) XML
8 25 (5.10%) .NET
9 23 (4.69%) HTML
10 22 (4.49%) CSS
11 16 (3.27%) Elastic Stack
11 16 (3.27%) Velocity
12 13 (2.65%) AngularJS
13 8 (1.63%) Node.js
14 6 (1.22%) Ajax
14 6 (1.22%) jQuery
14 6 (1.22%) Spring
15 4 (0.82%) Kafka
16 3 (0.61%) FIX Protocol
16 3 (0.61%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 53 (10.82%) Mobile App
2 30 (6.12%) Analytical Skills
3 20 (4.08%) Management Information System
4 19 (3.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 18 (3.67%) Computer Science
6 12 (2.45%) Derivative
6 12 (2.45%) Linux Command Line
6 12 (2.45%) Video on Demand
7 11 (2.24%) Enterprise Software
7 11 (2.24%) Video\Live Streaming
8 9 (1.84%) Fixed Income
9 6 (1.22%) Cyberthreat
10 5 (1.02%) Equities
10 5 (1.02%) User Experience
11 4 (0.82%) Data Centre
11 4 (0.82%) EPoS
11 4 (0.82%) Fintech
12 3 (0.61%) Client/Server
12 3 (0.61%) Credit Risk
12 3 (0.61%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 25 (5.10%) Unix
2 23 (4.69%) Windows
3 18 (3.67%) Linux
4 14 (2.86%) Apple iOS
5 13 (2.65%) Android
6 4 (0.82%) Mac OS X
7 3 (0.61%) Windows 10
7 3 (0.61%) Windows Server 2003
7 3 (0.61%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.20%) Kali Linux
8 1 (0.20%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.20%) Windows 7
8 1 (0.20%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 296 (60.41%) Test Automation
2 256 (52.24%) Agile Software Development
3 130 (26.53%) Test Scripting
4 112 (22.86%) Scrum
5 104 (21.22%) User Acceptance Testing
6 94 (19.18%) BDD
7 81 (16.53%) Test Strategy
8 79 (16.12%) User Stories
9 76 (15.51%) Functional Testing
10 59 (12.04%) TDD
11 58 (11.84%) Regression Testing
11 58 (11.84%) Scenario Testing
12 57 (11.63%) Exploratory Testing
13 50 (10.20%) E-Commerce
14 46 (9.39%) Software Testing
15 45 (9.18%) Integration Testing
15 45 (9.18%) SDLC
16 44 (8.98%) Kanban
17 39 (7.96%) Acceptance Criteria
18 38 (7.76%) Defect Management
Programming Languages
1 132 (26.94%) SQL
2 116 (23.67%) Java
3 53 (10.82%) C#
4 42 (8.57%) JavaScript
5 37 (7.55%) Python
6 34 (6.94%) Ruby
7 21 (4.29%) Apple Swift
8 18 (3.67%) T-SQL
9 15 (3.06%) Shell Script
10 8 (1.63%) PHP
11 7 (1.43%) Scala
12 6 (1.22%) C++
12 6 (1.22%) PowerShell
13 5 (1.02%) Groovy
13 5 (1.02%) Perl
14 4 (0.82%) VB
15 3 (0.61%) ABAP
15 3 (0.61%) Bash Shell
16 2 (0.41%) VBScript
17 1 (0.20%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 57 (11.63%) ISEB
2 52 (10.61%) ISTQB
3 42 (8.57%) Degree
4 21 (4.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 14 (2.86%) Security Cleared
6 12 (2.45%) SC Cleared
7 10 (2.04%) Computer Science Degree
8 5 (1.02%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.20%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.20%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 137 (27.96%) QA
2 24 (4.90%) MiFID
3 11 (2.24%) EMIR
4 10 (2.04%) Dodd-Frank
5 5 (1.02%) GAMP
5 5 (1.02%) GxP
6 4 (0.82%) WCAG
7 3 (0.61%) WAI
8 2 (0.41%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.20%) 21 CFR Part 11
9 1 (0.20%) Data Quality
9 1 (0.20%) GDPR
9 1 (0.20%) GMP
9 1 (0.20%) PMO
9 1 (0.20%) PSD2
System Software
1 6 (1.22%) Active Directory
2 5 (1.02%) Docker
3 3 (0.61%) Virtual Desktop
4 1 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 46 (9.39%) HP Quality Center
2 4 (0.82%) Kibana
3 2 (0.41%) Forefront Identity Manager
3 2 (0.41%) SCCM
4 1 (0.20%) Grafana
4 1 (0.20%) HAProxy
4 1 (0.20%) logstash
4 1 (0.20%) Marathon
4 1 (0.20%) Mesos
4 1 (0.20%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.20%) Puppet
4 1 (0.20%) Terraform
Vendors
1 38 (7.76%) HP
2 36 (7.35%) Microsoft
3 24 (4.90%) hybris
4 16 (3.27%) OpenText
5 11 (2.24%) Adobe
5 11 (2.24%) Xamarin
6 9 (1.84%) Oracle
7 7 (1.43%) Salesforce.com
7 7 (1.43%) SAP
8 6 (1.22%) ATG
8 6 (1.22%) Atlassian
9 5 (1.02%) IBM
9 5 (1.02%) ION Trading
10 4 (0.82%) Tableau
11 3 (0.61%) Concur
11 3 (0.61%) Google
11 3 (0.61%) Guidewire
11 3 (0.61%) Intel
11 3 (0.61%) VMware
12 2 (0.41%) TOWER Software