Period
to 28 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Internet skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Internet over the 6 months to 28 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Internet
UK
6 months to
28 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 278 205 211
Rank change year-on-year -73 +6 -12
Contract jobs citing Internet 312 1,080 1,394
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.85% 1.32% 1.34%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 6.58% 9.66% 10.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 243 638 804
Median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £211 £202 £190
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £425 £413
% change year-on-year -1.29% +3.03% +13.79%
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 73 91
Median hourly rate £35.00 £17.50 £15.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +100.00% +11.46% +0.06%
10th Percentile £16.30 £12.00 £12.00
90th Percentile £36.30 £82.50 £27.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.00 £17.50 £15.30
% change year-on-year +71.43% +14.38% +13.33%

Internet is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 4,745 11,181 13,480
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.96% 13.62% 12.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,716 6,669 8,126
Median daily rate £435 £415 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.82% -2.35% +6.25%
10th Percentile £213 £190 £200
90th Percentile £606 £600 £608
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £400
Number of hourly rates quoted 270 650 638
Median hourly rate £35.00 £23.75 £19.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +47.37% +20.25% +5.61%
10th Percentile £14.85 £13.24 £12.25
90th Percentile £61.03 £52.50 £47.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £22.50 £18.50
% change year-on-year +55.56% +21.62% +2.78%

Internet
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Internet as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Internet.

Daily rate trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Internet over the 6 months to 28 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Internet.

Hourly rate trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Internet over the 6 months to 28 November 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Internet in the UK

Internet
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Internet within the UK over the 6 months to 28 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -58 272 £475 +5.56% 229
London +1 147 £495 +4.21% 71
UK excluding London -58 137 £420 -1.29% 169
Work from Home -120 53 £475 +5.56% 37
South East +10 37 £456 -2.41% 52
North of England +50 27 £475 +17.21% 43
East of England +36 21 £338 -15.63% 10
South West +46 17 £414 -8.00% 25
Scotland +18 17 £190 -57.78% 8
Midlands -3 15 £335 -11.26% 28
North West +39 11 £470 +12.57% 19
West Midlands +15 11 £335 +3.08% 14
North East +42 8 £500 +36.52% 4
Yorkshire +31 8 £600 +56.76% 20
East Midlands +7 3 £339 -16.36% 14
Northern Ireland - 2 £363 - 1
Wales +23 1 £333 -24.43% 2

For the 6 months to 28 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Internet also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Internet.

1 88 (28.21%) Firewall
2 82 (26.28%) Windows
3 65 (20.83%) Agile Software Development
4 64 (20.51%) Microsoft
5 59 (18.91%) LAN
6 56 (17.95%) WAN
7 55 (17.63%) Security Cleared
8 54 (17.31%) Linux
9 53 (16.99%) Cisco
10 51 (16.35%) VPN
10 51 (16.35%) Azure
11 45 (14.42%) Finance
11 45 (14.42%) SC Cleared
11 45 (14.42%) Network Security
12 43 (13.78%) TCP/IP
13 42 (13.46%) DevOps
13 42 (13.46%) Public Sector
14 41 (13.14%) DNS
14 41 (13.14%) Active Directory
15 36 (11.54%) Wireless
15 36 (11.54%) Java
15 36 (11.54%) AWS
16 34 (10.90%) PKI
17 30 (9.62%) Telecoms
18 29 (9.29%) Intranet
18 29 (9.29%) PaaS
18 29 (9.29%) Office 365
18 29 (9.29%) Data Centre
19 27 (8.65%) SIEM
20 26 (8.33%) DMZ

Internet
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (7.37%) SharePoint
2 14 (4.49%) IIS
3 12 (3.85%) Confluence
4 7 (2.24%) Apache
4 7 (2.24%) MS Exchange
5 5 (1.60%) CMS
6 4 (1.28%) Skype for Business
7 3 (0.96%) Exchange Server 2013
7 3 (0.96%) SharePoint Server
8 2 (0.64%) BizTalk Server
8 2 (0.64%) Drupal
8 2 (0.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 1 (0.32%) ArcGIS
9 1 (0.32%) Exchange Server 2003
9 1 (0.32%) NetWeaver
9 1 (0.32%) nginx
9 1 (0.32%) SAP Portal
9 1 (0.32%) SAS
9 1 (0.32%) Tomcat
9 1 (0.32%) WebLogic
Applications
1 18 (5.77%) Microsoft Office
2 12 (3.85%) Microsoft Project
3 10 (3.21%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.96%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.64%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.32%) Acrobat
6 1 (0.32%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.32%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.32%) ScreenFlow
6 1 (0.32%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 5 (1.60%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.96%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.64%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.32%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.32%) Dynamics GP
4 1 (0.32%) Infor M3
4 1 (0.32%) Oracle Assets
4 1 (0.32%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.32%) Oracle EBS R12
4 1 (0.32%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 51 (16.35%) Azure
2 36 (11.54%) AWS
3 29 (9.29%) Office 365
3 29 (9.29%) PaaS
4 20 (6.41%) IaaS
5 18 (5.77%) Cloud Computing
6 17 (5.45%) SaaS
7 10 (3.21%) Amazon EC2
8 7 (2.24%) GCP
8 7 (2.24%) Power Platform
8 7 (2.24%) Serverless
9 6 (1.92%) OneDrive
10 5 (1.60%) AWS Lambda
11 4 (1.28%) Azure Active Directory
11 4 (1.28%) Dynamics 365
11 4 (1.28%) GitHub
11 4 (1.28%) NuGet
11 4 (1.28%) PowerApps
11 4 (1.28%) Slack
12 3 (0.96%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 88 (28.21%) Firewall
2 59 (18.91%) LAN
3 56 (17.95%) WAN
4 51 (16.35%) VPN
5 45 (14.42%) Network Security
6 43 (13.78%) TCP/IP
7 41 (13.14%) DNS
8 36 (11.54%) Wireless
9 29 (9.29%) Intranet
10 26 (8.33%) DMZ
11 24 (7.69%) Ethernet
12 22 (7.05%) OSPF
13 21 (6.73%) DHCP
13 21 (6.73%) SNMP
14 18 (5.77%) VoIP
15 15 (4.81%) BGP
15 15 (4.81%) SSL
15 15 (4.81%) TACACS
16 14 (4.49%) MPLS
17 12 (3.85%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 20 (6.41%) SQL Server
2 9 (2.88%) MySQL
3 7 (2.24%) Big Data
3 7 (2.24%) MongoDB
4 6 (1.92%) NoSQL
5 4 (1.28%) Apache Cassandra
5 4 (1.28%) Power BI
5 4 (1.28%) Relational Database
5 4 (1.28%) SQL Server 2008
5 4 (1.28%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 3 (0.96%) Data Warehouse
6 3 (0.96%) PostgreSQL
6 3 (0.96%) PowerCenter
6 3 (0.96%) SQL Server Analysis Services
7 2 (0.64%) BigQuery
7 2 (0.64%) Data Lake
7 2 (0.64%) Oracle Database 11g
7 2 (0.64%) Presto
7 2 (0.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 2 (0.64%) Triplestore
Development Applications
1 17 (5.45%) JIRA
2 13 (4.17%) Sonatype Nexus
3 10 (3.21%) Bitbucket
3 10 (3.21%) Jenkins
4 9 (2.88%) Git (software)
5 8 (2.56%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 8 (2.56%) Cucumber
5 8 (2.56%) SonarQube
6 7 (2.24%) Maven
7 6 (1.92%) Selenium
8 5 (1.60%) Visual Studio
9 4 (1.28%) FishEye
9 4 (1.28%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
10 3 (0.96%) Gradle
10 3 (0.96%) Hudson
10 3 (0.96%) JUnit
11 2 (0.64%) Ant
11 2 (0.64%) IBM UrbanCode
11 2 (0.64%) JMeter
11 2 (0.64%) TestDirector
General
1 45 (14.42%) Finance
2 42 (13.46%) Public Sector
3 30 (9.62%) Telecoms
4 26 (8.33%) Banking
5 10 (3.21%) Marketing
6 9 (2.88%) Manufacturing
7 8 (2.56%) Electronics
8 5 (1.60%) Investment Banking
9 4 (1.28%) Multimedia
10 3 (0.96%) Financial Institution
11 2 (0.64%) Law
11 2 (0.64%) Legal
11 2 (0.64%) Local Government
11 2 (0.64%) Police
11 2 (0.64%) Retail
12 1 (0.32%) Digital Economy
12 1 (0.32%) General Ledger
12 1 (0.32%) Publishing
12 1 (0.32%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 40 (12.82%) Architect
2 36 (11.54%) Developer
3 28 (8.97%) Analyst
4 23 (7.37%) Network Engineer
5 19 (6.09%) Security Specialist
6 18 (5.77%) Support Engineer
7 17 (5.45%) Security Architect
8 15 (4.81%) IT Engineer
9 14 (4.49%) 2nd Line Engineer
9 14 (4.49%) IT Support
10 13 (4.17%) 2nd Line Support
10 13 (4.17%) Java Developer
11 12 (3.85%) 2nd Line Support Engineer
11 12 (3.85%) Desktop Support
11 12 (3.85%) IT Support Engineer
12 11 (3.53%) Azure Specialist
12 11 (3.53%) Consultant
12 11 (3.53%) Desktop Engineer
12 11 (3.53%) Desktop Support Engineer
13 10 (3.21%) 2nd Line Desktop Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 23 (7.37%) .NET
2 16 (5.13%) HTML
2 16 (5.13%) Web Services
3 15 (4.81%) JSON
3 15 (4.81%) Spring
4 14 (4.49%) CSS
5 13 (4.17%) React
6 11 (3.53%) Kafka
6 11 (3.53%) Node.js
6 11 (3.53%) RESTful
7 8 (2.56%) REST
8 7 (2.24%) 802.1X
8 7 (2.24%) ASP.NET
9 6 (1.92%) XML
10 5 (1.60%) .NET Framework
10 5 (1.60%) Gherkin
10 5 (1.60%) Middleware
10 5 (1.60%) OAuth
10 5 (1.60%) SAML
11 4 (1.28%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 34 (10.90%) PKI
2 29 (9.29%) Data Centre
3 25 (8.01%) Internet of Things
4 19 (6.09%) Analytical Skills
4 19 (6.09%) Management Information System
5 14 (4.49%) Public Cloud
6 13 (4.17%) Self-Motivation
7 11 (3.53%) User Experience
8 10 (3.21%) Video Conferencing
9 8 (2.56%) Algorithms
9 8 (2.56%) Online Banking
9 8 (2.56%) Replication
10 6 (1.92%) Client/Server
10 6 (1.92%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 6 (1.92%) Security Operations Centre
11 5 (1.60%) Cloud Native
11 5 (1.60%) Linux Command Line
11 5 (1.60%) Mobile App
12 4 (1.28%) CCTV
12 4 (1.28%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 82 (26.28%) Windows
2 54 (17.31%) Linux
3 24 (7.69%) Unix
4 17 (5.45%) Windows Server
5 13 (4.17%) Windows 7
6 9 (2.88%) Windows Server 2012
7 7 (2.24%) Windows 10
8 6 (1.92%) Apple iOS
9 5 (1.60%) Android
9 5 (1.60%) Windows Server 2008
10 4 (1.28%) Windows Server 2016
11 3 (0.96%) Solaris
11 3 (0.96%) Windows Server 2003
12 2 (0.64%) CentOS
12 2 (0.64%) HPUX
12 2 (0.64%) SUSE
12 2 (0.64%) Windows 2000
13 1 (0.32%) Amazon Linux
13 1 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 1 (0.32%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 65 (20.83%) Agile Software Development
2 42 (13.46%) DevOps
3 27 (8.65%) SIEM
4 25 (8.01%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 24 (7.69%) Migration
6 21 (6.73%) Project Management
7 20 (6.41%) Cybersecurity
7 20 (6.41%) Scrum
8 19 (6.09%) ITIL
9 18 (5.77%) Change Management
9 18 (5.77%) Security Architecture
10 17 (5.45%) Information Security
11 16 (5.13%) Network Management
11 16 (5.13%) Open Source
11 16 (5.13%) Problem-Solving
12 15 (4.81%) Analytics
12 15 (4.81%) Microservices
12 15 (4.81%) Network Virtualisation
12 15 (4.81%) Security Operations
13 14 (4.49%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 36 (11.54%) Java
2 23 (7.37%) C
2 23 (7.37%) JavaScript
3 21 (6.73%) SQL
4 20 (6.41%) Python
5 16 (5.13%) Bash Shell
5 16 (5.13%) C#
6 12 (3.85%) Java 8
7 10 (3.21%) Shell Script
8 8 (2.56%) PowerShell
9 5 (1.60%) PHP
9 5 (1.60%) VB.NET
10 4 (1.28%) Ruby
11 3 (0.96%) TypeScript
12 2 (0.64%) C++
12 2 (0.64%) Go
12 2 (0.64%) Groovy
12 2 (0.64%) T-SQL
13 1 (0.32%) ABAP
13 1 (0.32%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 55 (17.63%) Security Cleared
2 45 (14.42%) SC Cleared
3 22 (7.05%) Cisco Certification
4 20 (6.41%) Degree
5 16 (5.13%) CISSP
6 11 (3.53%) CCNP
7 10 (3.21%) CCNA
8 9 (2.88%) ECDL
9 8 (2.56%) BC Cleared
9 8 (2.56%) BPSS Clearance
9 8 (2.56%) DV Cleared
10 5 (1.60%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 5 (1.60%) CCDP
10 5 (1.60%) CCIP
10 5 (1.60%) CCSP
10 5 (1.60%) CISA
11 4 (1.28%) Computer Science Degree
12 3 (0.96%) ISEB
12 3 (0.96%) Master's Degree
12 3 (0.96%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (4.81%) QA
2 14 (4.49%) NIST
3 10 (3.21%) NCSC
4 6 (1.92%) SLA
5 5 (1.60%) Data Quality
5 5 (1.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 4 (1.28%) GDPR
7 3 (0.96%) ISO 20022
7 3 (0.96%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 3 (0.96%) PSD2
7 3 (0.96%) TARGET2
8 2 (0.64%) COBIT
8 2 (0.64%) HIPAA
9 1 (0.32%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.32%) NIST 800
9 1 (0.32%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.32%) PMO
System Software
1 41 (13.14%) Active Directory
2 12 (3.85%) Virtual Machines
3 9 (2.88%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (2.56%) Docker
4 8 (2.56%) vSphere
5 5 (1.60%) Hyper-V
6 4 (1.28%) Squid
6 4 (1.28%) Virtual Servers
7 3 (0.96%) ProxySG
7 3 (0.96%) VirtualBox
7 3 (0.96%) VMware NSX
8 2 (0.64%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.32%) iptables
9 1 (0.32%) LXC
9 1 (0.32%) Terminal Services
9 1 (0.32%) VMware Server
9 1 (0.32%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 23 (7.37%) Kubernetes
2 15 (4.81%) Terraform
3 12 (3.85%) Ansible
4 8 (2.56%) SCCM
5 5 (1.60%) Single Sign-On
6 4 (1.28%) MaaS360
7 3 (0.96%) Opscode Chef
7 3 (0.96%) Puppet
7 3 (0.96%) Rundeck
7 3 (0.96%) ZABBIX
8 2 (0.64%) CASB
8 2 (0.64%) Microsoft Intune
8 2 (0.64%) Nagios
8 2 (0.64%) Nessus
8 2 (0.64%) OPNET
8 2 (0.64%) Oracle Identity Manager
8 2 (0.64%) QRadar
8 2 (0.64%) SCOM
8 2 (0.64%) WSUS
9 1 (0.32%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 64 (20.51%) Microsoft
2 53 (16.99%) Cisco
3 19 (6.09%) Oracle
3 19 (6.09%) VMware
4 16 (5.13%) Palo Alto
5 14 (4.49%) Splunk
6 13 (4.17%) Juniper
7 11 (3.53%) Fortinet
7 11 (3.53%) SAP
8 8 (2.56%) Atlassian
9 7 (2.24%) Apple
9 7 (2.24%) CheckPoint
9 7 (2.24%) Citrix
9 7 (2.24%) Google
9 7 (2.24%) Red Hat
10 6 (1.92%) LogRhythm
10 6 (1.92%) Veeam
10 6 (1.92%) Veracode
11 5 (1.60%) Blue Coat
11 5 (1.60%) Forcepoint