Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Internet skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Internet over the 6 months to 17 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Internet
UK
6 months to
17 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 298 286 216
Rank change year-on-year -12 -70 +22
Contract jobs citing Internet 773 493 617
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.88% 0.86% 1.24%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 8.06% 7.63% 9.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 546 328 355
10th Percentile £250 £219 £120
25th Percentile £400 £355 £285
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £450 £425
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% +5.88% -3.41%
75th Percentile £601 £538 £525
90th Percentile £725 £628 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £406 £400
% change year-on-year +10.77% +1.56% -5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 27 47
10th Percentile £13.72 £10.72 £12.00
25th Percentile £16.48 £12.38 £13.44
Median hourly rate £28.38 £15.50 £16.00
Median % change year-on-year +83.06% -3.13% +22.61%
75th Percentile £44.63 £24.38 £21.88
90th Percentile £61.45 £37.25 £45.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.80 £13.00 £16.00
% change year-on-year +36.94% -18.75% +28.00%

Internet is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 9,586 6,463 6,800
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.96% 11.33% 13.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,261 4,167 4,151
10th Percentile £233 £225 £178
25th Percentile £388 £350 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £425
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -
75th Percentile £613 £538 £525
90th Percentile £700 £625 £615
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +12.50% - -3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 370 291 391
10th Percentile £15.25 £12.94 £13.38
25th Percentile £17.00 £15.48 £16.25
Median hourly rate £28.41 £25.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% +11.11% +20.00%
75th Percentile £51.00 £50.00 £46.88
90th Percentile £66.00 £63.00 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.50 £23.21 £19.50
% change year-on-year -7.37% +19.03% +11.43%

Internet
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Internet as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Internet.

Daily rate trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Internet over the 6 months to 17 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Internet.

Hourly rate trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Internet over the 6 months to 17 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Internet in the UK

Internet
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Internet within the UK over the 6 months to 17 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -4 631 £525 +16.67% 311
Work from Home +7 405 £525 +16.67% 135
London +11 363 £545 +14.74% 103
UK excluding London -30 269 £450 +10.77% 226
South East -29 77 £475 +11.76% 41
Midlands -20 47 £325 -21.21% 44
South West -27 47 £481 +20.31% 21
North of England -55 35 £415 -2.10% 68
East of England -12 29 £550 +51.72% 32
West Midlands -28 27 £413 -5.71% 25
Wales - 25 £375 - 6
Yorkshire -32 19 £378 -11.18% 15
East Midlands -6 18 £294 -21.67% 19
Scotland -30 18 £525 +31.25% 11
North West -44 15 £431 +64.29% 45
North East -15 1 £525 +98.11% 8

For the 6 months to 17 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Internet also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Internet.

1 232 (30.01%) Social Skills
2 185 (23.93%) Firewall
3 176 (22.77%) Azure
4 151 (19.53%) Agile
4 151 (19.53%) Microsoft
5 139 (17.98%) WAN
6 128 (16.56%) Windows
7 125 (16.17%) JavaScript
8 122 (15.78%) LAN
9 121 (15.65%) AWS
10 117 (15.14%) SQL
11 116 (15.01%) Data Centre
12 114 (14.75%) Finance
13 112 (14.49%) Cisco
14 111 (14.36%) Python
15 106 (13.71%) DNS
16 105 (13.58%) Linux
17 96 (12.42%) Kubernetes
18 95 (12.29%) DevOps
19 92 (11.90%) Active Directory
20 89 (11.51%) Java
20 89 (11.51%) Cisco Certification
20 89 (11.51%) Microsoft 365
21 87 (11.25%) CI/CD
22 86 (11.13%) Git (software)
22 86 (11.13%) ITIL
23 83 (10.74%) Problem-Solving
24 82 (10.61%) Migration
25 78 (10.09%) Wireless
25 78 (10.09%) Ansible

Internet
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (5.17%) Confluence
2 35 (4.53%) SharePoint
3 32 (4.14%) CMS
4 25 (3.23%) Elasticsearch
5 20 (2.59%) Apache
6 19 (2.46%) IIS
6 19 (2.46%) Skype for Business
7 11 (1.42%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 11 (1.42%) nginx
8 10 (1.29%) MS Exchange
9 8 (1.03%) Tomcat
9 8 (1.03%) WebSphere
10 7 (0.91%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
11 5 (0.65%) Headless CMS
11 5 (0.65%) JBoss
11 5 (0.65%) WordPress
12 4 (0.52%) Apache Spark
12 4 (0.52%) OpenStack
13 3 (0.39%) Apache Solr
13 3 (0.39%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 68 (8.80%) Microsoft Office
2 29 (3.75%) Microsoft Excel
3 23 (2.98%) Microsoft Project
4 14 (1.81%) MS Visio
5 12 (1.55%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 7 (0.91%) Acrobat
7 6 (0.78%) Sketch
8 5 (0.65%) Spreadsheet
9 2 (0.26%) Adobe XD
9 2 (0.26%) InVision
10 1 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.13%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.13%) Pixate
Business Applications
1 12 (1.55%) Payment Gateway
1 12 (1.55%) Shopify
2 5 (0.65%) Remedy ITSM
3 3 (0.39%) Maximo
3 3 (0.39%) Sentinel
4 2 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.26%) Magento
4 2 (0.26%) SAP CRM
4 2 (0.26%) WebTrends
5 1 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.13%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 1 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
5 1 (0.13%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.13%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.13%) RMDS
5 1 (0.13%) SAP HR
5 1 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.13%) SnowdropKCS
5 1 (0.13%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 176 (22.77%) Azure
2 121 (15.65%) AWS
3 89 (11.51%) Microsoft 365
4 69 (8.93%) SaaS
5 58 (7.50%) GitHub
6 57 (7.37%) PaaS
7 40 (5.17%) GCP
8 37 (4.79%) Azure Monitor
9 20 (2.59%) Azure Active Directory
9 20 (2.59%) IaaS
10 17 (2.20%) npm
11 15 (1.94%) Power Platform
12 14 (1.81%) Akamai
12 14 (1.81%) Amazon EKS
12 14 (1.81%) Azure Sentinel
13 13 (1.68%) Amazon Cognito
14 12 (1.55%) Slack
15 11 (1.42%) Amazon EC2
15 11 (1.42%) Amazon S3
15 11 (1.42%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 185 (23.93%) Firewall
2 139 (17.98%) WAN
3 122 (15.78%) LAN
4 106 (13.71%) DNS
5 78 (10.09%) Wireless
6 67 (8.67%) Network Security
7 59 (7.63%) MPLS
8 55 (7.12%) VPN
9 52 (6.73%) Wi-Fi
10 51 (6.60%) TCP/IP
11 47 (6.08%) OSPF
12 44 (5.69%) BGP
13 43 (5.56%) SD-WAN
14 42 (5.43%) Intranet
15 38 (4.92%) DHCP
16 35 (4.53%) IPsec
17 30 (3.88%) IPv6
17 30 (3.88%) SSL
18 29 (3.75%) VoIP
19 27 (3.49%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 25 (3.23%) Relational Database
1 25 (3.23%) SQL Server
2 22 (2.85%) MySQL
3 18 (2.33%) Oracle Database
4 17 (2.20%) MongoDB
5 16 (2.07%) Data Warehouse
6 13 (1.68%) Big Data
7 10 (1.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 9 (1.16%) Power BI
9 8 (1.03%) NoSQL
9 8 (1.03%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 6 (0.78%) Redis
10 6 (0.78%) SAP HANA
11 5 (0.65%) Amazon RDS
12 4 (0.52%) Amazon Redshift
12 4 (0.52%) Apache Cassandra
12 4 (0.52%) BigQuery
13 3 (0.39%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 3 (0.39%) Hadoop
13 3 (0.39%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 86 (11.13%) Git (software)
2 62 (8.02%) JIRA
3 40 (5.17%) GitLab
4 31 (4.01%) Jenkins
5 22 (2.85%) JUnit
5 22 (2.85%) Mockito
6 16 (2.07%) Gradle
6 16 (2.07%) Sonatype Nexus
7 15 (1.94%) Team Foundation Server
7 15 (1.94%) webpack
8 13 (1.68%) SonarQube
9 8 (1.03%) Maven
10 7 (0.91%) IntelliJ
10 7 (0.91%) Visual Studio Code
11 6 (0.78%) PyCharm
12 4 (0.52%) TeamCity
13 3 (0.39%) Axure RP
13 3 (0.39%) Bitbucket
13 3 (0.39%) Grunt
13 3 (0.39%) JMeter
General
1 232 (30.01%) Social Skills
2 114 (14.75%) Finance
3 73 (9.44%) Analytical Skills
4 69 (8.93%) Telecoms
5 64 (8.28%) Public Sector
6 30 (3.88%) Banking
7 27 (3.49%) Influencing Skills
7 27 (3.49%) Legal
8 22 (2.85%) Marketing
9 20 (2.59%) Presentation Skills
10 19 (2.46%) Retail
11 17 (2.20%) Organisational Skills
12 14 (1.81%) Documentation Skills
13 11 (1.42%) French Language
14 10 (1.29%) Billing
15 9 (1.16%) Law
16 7 (0.91%) Digital Economy
16 7 (0.91%) Investment Banking
16 7 (0.91%) Manufacturing
17 6 (0.78%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 109 (14.10%) Developer
2 85 (11.00%) Architect
3 79 (10.22%) Network Engineer
4 55 (7.12%) Project Manager
5 40 (5.17%) Consultant
6 38 (4.92%) Analyst
7 31 (4.01%) Support Engineer
8 26 (3.36%) Solutions Architect
9 24 (3.10%) Designer
9 24 (3.10%) Desktop Support
10 23 (2.98%) Service Manager
11 20 (2.59%) Desktop Engineer
12 19 (2.46%) Security Architect
13 17 (2.20%) Azure Developer
13 17 (2.20%) DevOps Engineer
13 17 (2.20%) Service Desk Manager
14 16 (2.07%) Desktop Support Engineer
14 16 (2.07%) Network Architect
14 16 (2.07%) Telecoms Manager
15 15 (1.94%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 54 (6.99%) REST
2 51 (6.60%) HTML
3 48 (6.21%) CSS
4 44 (5.69%) Node.js
5 41 (5.30%) React
6 31 (4.01%) .NET
7 28 (3.62%) HTML5
7 28 (3.62%) RESTful
8 24 (3.10%) jQuery
8 24 (3.10%) JSON
9 23 (2.98%) Spring
10 22 (2.85%) CSS3
11 17 (2.20%) AngularJS
12 16 (2.07%) 802.1X
12 16 (2.07%) Behat
12 16 (2.07%) Gherkin
12 16 (2.07%) POSIX
12 16 (2.07%) pytest
13 14 (1.81%) .NET Framework
13 14 (1.81%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 116 (15.01%) Data Centre
2 66 (8.54%) Public Cloud
3 45 (5.82%) IoT
4 39 (5.05%) Hybrid Cloud
5 36 (4.66%) Management Information System
6 34 (4.40%) Private Cloud
6 34 (4.40%) Video Conferencing
7 28 (3.62%) User Experience
8 26 (3.36%) Self-Motivation
9 25 (3.23%) Mobile App
10 21 (2.72%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 21 (2.72%) Virtual Team
11 17 (2.20%) Cloud Native
12 16 (2.07%) Clustering
12 16 (2.07%) Data Structures
13 12 (1.55%) Algorithms
14 11 (1.42%) Client/Server
14 11 (1.42%) Cyberthreat
15 10 (1.29%) Linux Command Line
15 10 (1.29%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 128 (16.56%) Windows
2 105 (13.58%) Linux
3 36 (4.66%) Unix
4 32 (4.14%) Windows 10
5 20 (2.59%) Windows Server
6 15 (1.94%) Windows 7
7 11 (1.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 10 (1.29%) Android
9 9 (1.16%) Windows Server 2016
10 6 (0.78%) Solaris
10 6 (0.78%) VMS
10 6 (0.78%) Windows 8
10 6 (0.78%) Windows Server 2012
10 6 (0.78%) Windows Server 2019
11 5 (0.65%) Apple iOS
11 5 (0.65%) CentOS
11 5 (0.65%) Mac OS X
12 4 (0.52%) Windows Server 2008
13 3 (0.39%) Mac OS
14 2 (0.26%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 151 (19.53%) Agile
2 95 (12.29%) DevOps
3 87 (11.25%) CI/CD
4 86 (11.13%) ITIL
5 83 (10.74%) Problem-Solving
6 82 (10.61%) Migration
7 73 (9.44%) Project Management
8 55 (7.12%) Analytics
8 55 (7.12%) Service Management
9 52 (6.73%) Cybersecurity
9 52 (6.73%) Load Balancing
10 46 (5.95%) Configuration Management
11 42 (5.43%) Microservices
12 37 (4.79%) Test Automation
13 36 (4.66%) Information Security
13 36 (4.66%) Project Delivery
14 35 (4.53%) Change Management
14 35 (4.53%) Infrastructure Automation
14 35 (4.53%) Stakeholder Management
15 34 (4.40%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 125 (16.17%) JavaScript
2 117 (15.14%) SQL
3 111 (14.36%) Python
4 89 (11.51%) Java
5 69 (8.93%) PowerShell
6 41 (5.30%) Bash
7 32 (4.14%) PHP
8 28 (3.62%) C#
9 26 (3.36%) Go
9 26 (3.36%) Ruby
10 23 (2.98%) TypeScript
11 18 (2.33%) C
12 16 (2.07%) Shell Script
13 15 (1.94%) Perl
14 13 (1.68%) T-SQL
15 12 (1.55%) VBA
16 10 (1.29%) PL/SQL
16 10 (1.29%) VB
16 10 (1.29%) VB.NET
17 8 (1.03%) C++
Qualifications
1 89 (11.51%) Cisco Certification
2 72 (9.31%) Security Cleared
3 66 (8.54%) SC Cleared
4 57 (7.37%) CCNA
5 52 (6.73%) CCNP
6 45 (5.82%) Degree
7 20 (2.59%) CISSP
8 18 (2.33%) CCIE
8 18 (2.33%) ITIL Certification
9 15 (1.94%) PMI Certification
9 15 (1.94%) PMP
10 13 (1.68%) CCDP
11 12 (1.55%) Computer Science Degree
12 9 (1.16%) DV Cleared
12 9 (1.16%) Microsoft Certification
13 8 (1.03%) CTC Cleared
13 8 (1.03%) ISACA
13 8 (1.03%) MCSE
14 7 (0.91%) CISM
14 7 (0.91%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (6.47%) QA
2 26 (3.36%) SLA
3 20 (2.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 20 (2.59%) PCI DSS
4 19 (2.46%) Accessibility
5 13 (1.68%) NIST
6 10 (1.29%) GDPR
7 9 (1.16%) Cyber Essentials
8 6 (0.78%) COBIT
8 6 (0.78%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 5 (0.65%) Data Quality
9 5 (0.65%) PMO
10 4 (0.52%) ISO 9001
10 4 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 2 (0.26%) GRC
11 2 (0.26%) NCSC
12 1 (0.13%) HITRUST
12 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 1 (0.13%) NIST 800
12 1 (0.13%) PMBOK
System Software
1 92 (11.90%) Active Directory
2 76 (9.83%) Docker
3 57 (7.37%) VMware Infrastructure
4 25 (3.23%) Virtual Machines
5 13 (1.68%) KVM
6 10 (1.29%) Virtual Desktop
7 8 (1.03%) vSphere
8 5 (0.65%) NFS
9 4 (0.52%) Hyper-V
9 4 (0.52%) Tivoli Directory Server
9 4 (0.52%) VMware ESXi
10 3 (0.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 3 (0.39%) etcd
11 2 (0.26%) BitLocker
11 2 (0.26%) Veritas Volume Manager
11 2 (0.26%) VMware NSX
12 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 1 (0.13%) Varnish
12 1 (0.13%) XenApp
12 1 (0.13%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 96 (12.42%) Kubernetes
2 78 (10.09%) Ansible
3 72 (9.31%) Terraform
4 28 (3.62%) SCCM
5 23 (2.98%) Puppet
6 19 (2.46%) logstash
7 17 (2.20%) Consul
7 17 (2.20%) Kibana
7 17 (2.20%) Prometheus
8 11 (1.42%) Opscode Chef
8 11 (1.42%) ThinApp
9 10 (1.29%) Single Sign-On
10 8 (1.03%) FortiGate
11 7 (0.91%) Microsoft Intune
11 7 (0.91%) Packer
12 6 (0.78%) Opsgenie
12 6 (0.78%) vCenter Server
13 5 (0.65%) Active Directory Federation Services
13 5 (0.65%) Tivoli
13 5 (0.65%) WSUS
Vendors
1 151 (19.53%) Microsoft
2 112 (14.49%) Cisco
3 68 (8.80%) Oracle
4 61 (7.89%) VMware
5 55 (7.12%) Google
6 40 (5.17%) Citrix
7 38 (4.92%) Palo Alto
8 33 (4.27%) F5
9 31 (4.01%) Juniper
10 30 (3.88%) Zscaler
11 27 (3.49%) Adobe
11 27 (3.49%) SAP
12 26 (3.36%) Aruba
13 25 (3.23%) Fortinet
14 22 (2.85%) ServiceNow
15 20 (2.59%) Infoblox
16 16 (2.07%) Red Hat
16 16 (2.07%) Splunk
17 15 (1.94%) Bloomberg
17 15 (1.94%) Reuters