Period
to 20 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Internet skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Internet over the 6 months to 20 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Internet
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 316 284 214
Rank change year-on-year -32 -70 +19
Contract jobs citing Internet 691 282 1,129
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.82% 0.90% 1.34%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 7.32% 6.75% 10.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 464 206 654
10th Percentile £250 £183 £200
25th Percentile £363 £315 £325
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £469 £465 £450
Median % change year-on-year +0.81% +3.33% +5.88%
75th Percentile £584 £550 £538
90th Percentile £663 £638 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £388 £425
% change year-on-year +9.68% -8.82% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 15 65
10th Percentile " £13.85 £12.00
25th Percentile £12.25 £17.63 £12.75
Median hourly rate £14.50 £20.00 £16.50
Median % change year-on-year -27.50% +21.21% +7.84%
75th Percentile £21.25 £29.38 £25.68
90th Percentile £30.50 £35.85 £82.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £13.00 £19.50 £16.00
% change year-on-year -33.33% +21.88% +4.58%

Internet is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 9,444 4,177 11,204
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.19% 13.26% 13.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,109 2,620 6,923
10th Percentile £213 £210 £193
25th Percentile £363 £325 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £445 £425
Median % change year-on-year +6.74% +4.71% -
75th Percentile £581 £538 £525
90th Percentile £675 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 405 182 592
10th Percentile £12.00 £14.00 £13.50
25th Percentile £14.25 £17.31 £16.25
Median hourly rate £22.00 £32.00 £25.84
Median % change year-on-year -31.25% +23.84% +38.18%
75th Percentile £48.75 £46.40 £46.10
90th Percentile £65.00 £54.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £30.50 £23.50
% change year-on-year -34.43% +29.79% +27.03%

Internet
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Internet as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Internet.

Daily rate trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Internet over the 6 months to 20 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Internet.

Hourly rate trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Internet over the 6 months to 20 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Internet in the UK

Internet
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Internet within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -30 574 £450 -5.26% 424
UK excluding London -23 304 £425 +9.68% 312
London -85 285 £525 +6.06% 142
Work from Home -110 174 £500 +6.38% 71
South East -48 75 £450 - 69
South West -2 64 £400 -3.21% 28
North of England -44 63 £400 -11.11% 81
Scotland -49 46 £400 +124.72% 16
North West -25 40 £425 -4.49% 37
Midlands -51 38 £450 +34.33% 67
West Midlands -52 21 £494 +47.39% 44
East of England -47 18 £350 +15.51% 37
East Midlands -17 16 £413 +32.00% 23
North East -4 13 £360 -32.84% 10
Yorkshire -42 11 £361 -12.42% 34
Wales -26 2 - - 11

For the 6 months to 20 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Internet also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Internet.

1 174 (25.18%) Agile Software Development
2 161 (23.30%) Azure
3 142 (20.55%) Microsoft
3 142 (20.55%) Social Skills
4 138 (19.97%) Windows
5 129 (18.67%) AWS
6 112 (16.21%) Firewall
6 112 (16.21%) Finance
7 108 (15.63%) JavaScript
8 102 (14.76%) WAN
9 94 (13.60%) LAN
9 94 (13.60%) Cisco
9 94 (13.60%) SQL
10 91 (13.17%) Python
11 89 (12.88%) DevOps
12 80 (11.58%) Linux
12 80 (11.58%) HTML
13 79 (11.43%) Problem-Solving
14 78 (11.29%) Active Directory
15 76 (11.00%) Security Cleared
16 73 (10.56%) Public Sector
17 72 (10.42%) CSS
17 72 (10.42%) Telecoms
18 70 (10.13%) Microsoft 365
18 70 (10.13%) Data Centre
19 69 (9.99%) Migration
19 69 (9.99%) Java
20 68 (9.84%) VMware
20 68 (9.84%) Git (software)
21 67 (9.70%) DNS

Internet
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (6.95%) SharePoint
2 26 (3.76%) CMS
3 24 (3.47%) IIS
4 19 (2.75%) Apache
4 19 (2.75%) MS Exchange
5 15 (2.17%) Skype for Business
6 12 (1.74%) SharePoint Server
7 11 (1.59%) Tomcat
8 10 (1.45%) nginx
8 10 (1.45%) WordPress
9 9 (1.30%) SharePoint 2010
10 8 (1.16%) Confluence
11 7 (1.01%) Elasticsearch
11 7 (1.01%) Headless CMS
11 7 (1.01%) OpenStack
12 6 (0.87%) WebSphere
12 6 (0.87%) WebSphere Application Server
13 4 (0.58%) Apache Spark
13 4 (0.58%) WebLogic
14 3 (0.43%) IBM Domino
Applications
1 50 (7.24%) Microsoft Office
2 28 (4.05%) Microsoft Excel
3 17 (2.46%) MS Visio
4 9 (1.30%) Microsoft Project
4 9 (1.30%) Sketch
5 8 (1.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 8 (1.16%) InVision
6 5 (0.72%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 4 (0.58%) Spreadsheet
8 2 (0.29%) InfoPath
9 1 (0.14%) Adobe XD
9 1 (0.14%) GIMP
9 1 (0.14%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 19 (2.75%) Magento
2 7 (1.01%) Sentinel
3 3 (0.43%) Adobe Campaign
3 3 (0.43%) Shopify
4 2 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.29%) RMDS
4 2 (0.29%) SAP CRM
4 2 (0.29%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.14%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 1 (0.14%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.14%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.14%) SAP IS-U
5 1 (0.14%) Sprinklr
5 1 (0.14%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 161 (23.30%) Azure
2 129 (18.67%) AWS
3 70 (10.13%) Microsoft 365
4 44 (6.37%) SaaS
5 40 (5.79%) PaaS
6 33 (4.78%) IaaS
7 29 (4.20%) Serverless
8 22 (3.18%) GCP
9 20 (2.89%) GitHub
10 19 (2.75%) Azure Active Directory
11 18 (2.60%) AWS Lambda
12 13 (1.88%) AWS CloudFormation
13 11 (1.59%) Amazon EKS
14 10 (1.45%) Amazon S3
15 9 (1.30%) Adobe Analytics
15 9 (1.30%) Cloud Computing
16 8 (1.16%) Azure App Service
16 8 (1.16%) Azure Sentinel
16 8 (1.16%) Azure Storage
17 7 (1.01%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 112 (16.21%) Firewall
2 102 (14.76%) WAN
3 94 (13.60%) LAN
4 67 (9.70%) DNS
5 59 (8.54%) VPN
6 47 (6.80%) Wireless
7 46 (6.66%) HTTP
8 45 (6.51%) TCP/IP
9 38 (5.50%) Wi-Fi
10 37 (5.35%) BGP
10 37 (5.35%) MPLS
11 34 (4.92%) Intranet
12 33 (4.78%) OSPF
13 30 (4.34%) Network Security
14 26 (3.76%) DHCP
15 25 (3.62%) SD-WAN
15 25 (3.62%) SSL
16 24 (3.47%) SAN
16 24 (3.47%) VoIP
17 23 (3.33%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (6.22%) SQL Server
2 20 (2.89%) MongoDB
2 20 (2.89%) NoSQL
3 17 (2.46%) Oracle Database
4 16 (2.32%) Relational Database
5 13 (1.88%) MySQL
6 11 (1.59%) PostgreSQL
7 8 (1.16%) Amazon RDS
8 7 (1.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 7 (1.01%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 6 (0.87%) Big Data
9 6 (0.87%) RDBMS
9 6 (0.87%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 5 (0.72%) Data Lake
10 5 (0.72%) Data Warehouse
11 4 (0.58%) Blockchain
11 4 (0.58%) Hadoop
11 4 (0.58%) Power BI
11 4 (0.58%) QGIS
11 4 (0.58%) Redis
Development Applications
1 68 (9.84%) Git (software)
2 40 (5.79%) Jenkins
3 34 (4.92%) JIRA
4 14 (2.03%) Bitbucket
5 13 (1.88%) TeamCity
6 12 (1.74%) Subversion
7 11 (1.59%) GitLab
8 8 (1.16%) Grunt
8 8 (1.16%) gulp
8 8 (1.16%) Team Foundation Server
9 7 (1.01%) Jasmine
9 7 (1.01%) Karma Test Runner
9 7 (1.01%) SonarQube
9 7 (1.01%) Sonatype Nexus
9 7 (1.01%) webpack
10 5 (0.72%) Cypress.io
10 5 (0.72%) Gradle
10 5 (0.72%) Maven
11 4 (0.58%) Eclipse
11 4 (0.58%) Mocha
General
1 142 (20.55%) Social Skills
2 112 (16.21%) Finance
3 73 (10.56%) Public Sector
4 72 (10.42%) Telecoms
5 54 (7.81%) Analytical Skills
6 53 (7.67%) Banking
7 27 (3.91%) Marketing
8 23 (3.33%) Presentation Skills
9 18 (2.60%) Legal
10 10 (1.45%) Organisational Skills
11 8 (1.16%) Manufacturing
12 7 (1.01%) Billing
12 7 (1.01%) Local Government
12 7 (1.01%) Retail
13 6 (0.87%) Documentation Skills
13 6 (0.87%) Publishing
13 6 (0.87%) Spanish Language
14 5 (0.72%) Automotive
14 5 (0.72%) French Language
14 5 (0.72%) Law
Job Titles
1 117 (16.93%) Developer
2 82 (11.87%) Architect
3 68 (9.84%) Network Engineer
4 47 (6.80%) Analyst
5 35 (5.07%) Senior Developer
6 27 (3.91%) Security Architect
7 26 (3.76%) Consultant
8 23 (3.33%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 20 (2.89%) Project Manager
10 18 (2.60%) Designer
10 18 (2.60%) Security Engineer
10 18 (2.60%) Support Engineer
11 17 (2.46%) Azure Architect
12 15 (2.17%) Angular Developer
12 15 (2.17%) Cloud Architect
12 15 (2.17%) DevOps Engineer
12 15 (2.17%) IT Analyst
13 14 (2.03%) Administrator
13 14 (2.03%) Cloud Engineer
13 14 (2.03%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 80 (11.58%) HTML
2 72 (10.42%) CSS
3 48 (6.95%) JSON
4 47 (6.80%) Web Services
5 43 (6.22%) HTML5
6 42 (6.08%) Node.js
7 41 (5.93%) React
8 38 (5.50%) REST
9 34 (4.92%) AngularJS
10 33 (4.78%) .NET
11 27 (3.91%) Ajax
12 25 (3.62%) RESTful
13 19 (2.75%) jQuery
14 17 (2.46%) CSS3
14 17 (2.46%) OpenID
14 17 (2.46%) Redux
15 16 (2.32%) CakePHP
15 16 (2.32%) OAuth
16 12 (1.74%) Kafka
16 12 (1.74%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 70 (10.13%) Data Centre
2 41 (5.93%) User Experience
3 33 (4.78%) Management Information System
4 32 (4.63%) Public Cloud
5 28 (4.05%) Internet of Things
6 24 (3.47%) Mobile App
7 20 (2.89%) Online Banking
8 19 (2.75%) Hybrid Cloud
8 19 (2.75%) Self-Motivation
9 17 (2.46%) Cloud Native
9 17 (2.46%) PKI
10 16 (2.32%) Algorithms
10 16 (2.32%) Video Conferencing
11 15 (2.17%) Private Cloud
12 13 (1.88%) Data Protection Act
12 13 (1.88%) iPad
13 12 (1.74%) Enterprise Software
13 12 (1.74%) iPhone
14 11 (1.59%) Linux Command Line
14 11 (1.59%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 138 (19.97%) Windows
2 80 (11.58%) Linux
3 48 (6.95%) Windows Server
4 28 (4.05%) Windows 10
5 22 (3.18%) Unix
6 21 (3.04%) Apple iOS
7 20 (2.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 15 (2.17%) Android
9 12 (1.74%) Mac OS X
10 11 (1.59%) Windows Server 2019
11 9 (1.30%) Windows Server 2016
12 7 (1.01%) Ubuntu
13 6 (0.87%) Mac OS
14 5 (0.72%) CentOS
15 4 (0.58%) Windows 7
15 4 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
16 3 (0.43%) Windows XP
17 2 (0.29%) OS/400
17 2 (0.29%) Solaris
17 2 (0.29%) Windows 2000
Processes & Methodologies
1 174 (25.18%) Agile Software Development
2 89 (12.88%) DevOps
3 79 (11.43%) Problem-Solving
4 69 (9.99%) Migration
5 58 (8.39%) ITIL
6 46 (6.66%) Microservices
7 41 (5.93%) Cybersecurity
8 39 (5.64%) Load Balancing
8 39 (5.64%) Scrum
9 38 (5.50%) E-Commerce
10 36 (5.21%) Security Architecture
11 35 (5.07%) Project Management
12 34 (4.92%) Analytics
13 32 (4.63%) Test Automation
14 31 (4.49%) Disaster Recovery
14 31 (4.49%) Open Source
14 31 (4.49%) Risk Management
15 30 (4.34%) Project Delivery
16 28 (4.05%) Continuous Integration
16 28 (4.05%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 108 (15.63%) JavaScript
2 94 (13.60%) SQL
3 91 (13.17%) Python
4 69 (9.99%) Java
5 53 (7.67%) PowerShell
6 42 (6.08%) TypeScript
7 31 (4.49%) Bash Shell
8 30 (4.34%) C#
9 29 (4.20%) PHP
10 21 (3.04%) ES6
11 20 (2.89%) C
12 17 (2.46%) ES7
13 16 (2.32%) Perl
14 15 (2.17%) Ruby
15 13 (1.88%) T-SQL
16 12 (1.74%) Go
16 12 (1.74%) PL/SQL
17 11 (1.59%) C++
17 11 (1.59%) VB.NET
18 9 (1.30%) VB
Qualifications
1 76 (11.00%) Security Cleared
2 63 (9.12%) SC Cleared
3 53 (7.67%) Cisco Certification
4 49 (7.09%) Degree
5 38 (5.50%) CCNP
6 24 (3.47%) CCNA
7 14 (2.03%) DV Cleared
7 14 (2.03%) Microsoft Certification
8 10 (1.45%) CCDP
8 10 (1.45%) MCSE
9 9 (1.30%) BPSS Clearance
10 8 (1.16%) CISSP
11 7 (1.01%) CCIE
12 6 (0.87%) MCSA
13 5 (0.72%) CISM
13 5 (0.72%) TOGAF Certification
14 4 (0.58%) BC Cleared
14 4 (0.58%) CCIP
14 4 (0.58%) Computer Science Degree
14 4 (0.58%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (5.07%) SLA
2 31 (4.49%) QA
3 20 (2.89%) Accessibility
4 17 (2.46%) GDPR
5 11 (1.59%) NIST
6 10 (1.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 8 (1.16%) PMO
8 7 (1.01%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 6 (0.87%) NCSC
9 6 (0.87%) PCI DSS
10 5 (0.72%) FedRAMP
11 4 (0.58%) Disclosure Scotland
11 4 (0.58%) HIPAA
12 3 (0.43%) COBIT
13 2 (0.29%) Data Quality
13 2 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 1 (0.14%) ISO 20022
14 1 (0.14%) NIST 800
14 1 (0.14%) PSD2
14 1 (0.14%) TARGET2
System Software
1 78 (11.29%) Active Directory
2 39 (5.64%) VMware Infrastructure
3 28 (4.05%) Docker
4 17 (2.46%) Hyper-V
5 8 (1.16%) Virtual Machines
6 7 (1.01%) KVM
6 7 (1.01%) VMware NSX
7 6 (0.87%) vCloud
8 5 (0.72%) Virtual Desktop
9 4 (0.58%) NFS
10 2 (0.29%) LXC
10 2 (0.29%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.29%) Terminal Services
10 2 (0.29%) VMware Workstation
11 1 (0.14%) OpenDJ
11 1 (0.14%) ProxySG
11 1 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
11 1 (0.14%) vSphere
11 1 (0.14%) Xen
11 1 (0.14%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 61 (8.83%) Terraform
2 48 (6.95%) Kubernetes
3 41 (5.93%) Ansible
4 16 (2.32%) SCCM
5 11 (1.59%) FortiGate
6 9 (1.30%) Microsoft Intune
7 7 (1.01%) Cisco CUCM
7 7 (1.01%) Grafana
7 7 (1.01%) Host Intrusion Detection System
7 7 (1.01%) Network Intrusion Detection System
8 6 (0.87%) Opscode Chef
8 6 (0.87%) QRadar
8 6 (0.87%) Rancher
8 6 (0.87%) vRealize
8 6 (0.87%) ZABBIX
9 5 (0.72%) Kibana
9 5 (0.72%) Puppet
9 5 (0.72%) Single Sign-On
10 4 (0.58%) Iperf
10 4 (0.58%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 142 (20.55%) Microsoft
2 94 (13.60%) Cisco
3 68 (9.84%) VMware
4 41 (5.93%) Oracle
5 38 (5.50%) Citrix
6 30 (4.34%) Juniper
7 25 (3.62%) Adobe
8 20 (2.89%) Palo Alto
9 19 (2.75%) F5
10 18 (2.60%) Red Hat
11 16 (2.32%) Dell
11 16 (2.32%) HP
12 15 (2.17%) Apple
13 14 (2.03%) Aruba
13 14 (2.03%) NetApp
14 13 (1.88%) Ruckus Wireless
14 13 (1.88%) SAP
15 12 (1.74%) Splunk
16 11 (1.59%) Polycom
17 10 (1.45%) 3PAR