Period
to 8 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Internet skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Internet over the 6 months to 8 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Internet
UK
6 months to
8 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 215 228 217
Rank change year-on-year +13 -11 -33
Contract jobs citing Internet 501 1,163 1,326
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.20% 1.23% 1.27%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 8.93% 9.78% 9.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 313 644 775
Median daily rate £450 £450 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +12.50% -0.06%
10th Percentile £163 £200 £186
90th Percentile £638 £650 £635
UK excluding London median daily rate £401 £425 £375
% change year-on-year -5.65% +13.33% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 35 83 94
Median hourly rate £19.00 £13.25 £14.68
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +43.40% -9.71% -14.48%
10th Percentile £12.86 £12.00 £11.33
90th Percentile £35.00 £28.50 £41.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.00 £12.50 £13.54
% change year-on-year +52.00% -7.65% -15.41%

Internet is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 5,612 11,893 13,815
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.48% 12.63% 13.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,210 7,310 8,497
Median daily rate £425 £425 £425
10th Percentile £190 £200 £203
90th Percentile £625 £610 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £403 £390
% change year-on-year +1.86% +3.21% +0.65%
Number of hourly rates quoted 324 581 757
Median hourly rate £32.50 £21.50 £19.52
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +51.16% +10.14% -1.25%
10th Percentile £14.00 £12.00 £12.17
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £47.50
Median hourly rate £20.75 £20.00 £19.50
% change year-on-year +3.75% +2.56% +2.63%

Internet
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Internet as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Internet.

Daily rate trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Internet over the 6 months to 8 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Internet.

Hourly rate trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Internet over the 6 months to 8 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Internet in the UK

Internet
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Internet within the UK over the 6 months to 8 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +20 423 £465 +3.33% 177
UK excluding London +8 252 £401 -5.65% 147
London +42 219 £485 -2.51% 45
South East +42 87 £450 +6.82% 32
Scotland +26 43 £419 -6.94% 7
Work from Home +9 39 £380 -10.59% 19
East of England +44 36 £400 -5.88% 12
North of England +50 35 £500 +23.08% 39
Midlands +25 29 £343 -8.67% 31
West Midlands +45 25 £370 -6.03% 24
Yorkshire +47 14 £450 -5.26% 19
North West +33 13 £475 +26.67% 15
South West +22 11 £375 -6.25% 18
Wales +17 10 £155 -63.53% 4
North East +34 8 £572 +37.83% 5
East Midlands +8 4 £195 -37.10% 7
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 4

For the 6 months to 8 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Internet also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Internet.

1 164 (32.73%) Windows
2 118 (23.55%) Firewall
3 104 (20.76%) WAN
4 102 (20.36%) VPN
5 94 (18.76%) Cisco
6 89 (17.76%) Azure
7 88 (17.56%) Microsoft
8 87 (17.37%) Linux
9 86 (17.17%) Active Directory
10 80 (15.97%) Security Cleared
11 76 (15.17%) LAN
12 74 (14.77%) TCP/IP
13 73 (14.57%) DNS
14 69 (13.77%) SC Cleared
15 66 (13.17%) Agile Software Development
16 63 (12.57%) Wireless
17 62 (12.38%) Telecoms
18 56 (11.18%) DevOps
18 56 (11.18%) Problem-Solving
19 54 (10.78%) AWS
20 53 (10.58%) Data Centre
20 53 (10.58%) Microsoft Office
21 51 (10.18%) Java
22 50 (9.98%) Cisco Certification
22 50 (9.98%) Finance
23 48 (9.58%) Project Management
23 48 (9.58%) Python
24 47 (9.38%) BGP
25 44 (8.78%) OSPF
25 44 (8.78%) Cybersecurity

Internet
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (6.99%) SharePoint
2 32 (6.39%) MS Exchange
3 25 (4.99%) IIS
4 18 (3.59%) Confluence
5 13 (2.59%) SharePoint 2010
6 11 (2.20%) Exchange Server 2003
7 10 (2.00%) Exchange Server 2007
7 10 (2.00%) SharePoint 2013
8 8 (1.60%) Apache
8 8 (1.60%) CMS
8 8 (1.60%) Skype for Business
9 6 (1.20%) Tomcat
10 5 (1.00%) Apache Spark
10 5 (1.00%) Exchange Server 2013
11 3 (0.60%) Elasticsearch
11 3 (0.60%) WebLogic
12 2 (0.40%) BizTalk Server
12 2 (0.40%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
12 2 (0.40%) SAS
12 2 (0.40%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 53 (10.58%) Microsoft Office
2 20 (3.99%) Microsoft Excel
3 14 (2.79%) MS Visio
4 13 (2.59%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 13 (2.59%) Microsoft Project
5 10 (2.00%) Acrobat
6 9 (1.80%) Spreadsheet
7 5 (1.00%) Sketch
8 3 (0.60%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 3 (0.60%) InVision
9 2 (0.40%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
10 1 (0.20%) InDesign
10 1 (0.20%) Maya
Business Applications
1 12 (2.40%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (2.00%) Remedy ITSM
3 4 (0.80%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 2 (0.40%) Magento
4 2 (0.40%) Shopify
5 1 (0.20%) assyst
5 1 (0.20%) Oracle EBS R12
5 1 (0.20%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.20%) Traffica
Cloud Services
1 89 (17.76%) Azure
2 54 (10.78%) AWS
3 41 (8.18%) Office 365
4 28 (5.59%) Cloud Computing
5 22 (4.39%) PaaS
6 13 (2.59%) IaaS
6 13 (2.59%) Power Platform
6 13 (2.59%) SaaS
7 11 (2.20%) GCP
8 10 (2.00%) AWS CloudFormation
9 9 (1.80%) GitHub
10 4 (0.80%) Akamai
10 4 (0.80%) NuGet
10 4 (0.80%) Serverless
11 3 (0.60%) Azure Active Directory
11 3 (0.60%) PowerApps
12 2 (0.40%) Amazon S3
12 2 (0.40%) OpenShift
12 2 (0.40%) Route 53
12 2 (0.40%) Sage Pay
Communications & Networking
1 118 (23.55%) Firewall
2 104 (20.76%) WAN
3 102 (20.36%) VPN
4 76 (15.17%) LAN
5 74 (14.77%) TCP/IP
6 73 (14.57%) DNS
7 63 (12.57%) Wireless
8 47 (9.38%) BGP
9 44 (8.78%) Network Security
9 44 (8.78%) OSPF
10 40 (7.98%) DMZ
11 39 (7.78%) MPLS
12 34 (6.79%) SNMP
13 33 (6.59%) Intranet
14 30 (5.99%) SSL
15 28 (5.59%) IPsec
15 28 (5.59%) VoIP
16 27 (5.39%) TACACS
17 26 (5.19%) Ethernet
18 24 (4.79%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (5.59%) SQL Server
2 13 (2.59%) SQL Server Reporting Services
3 12 (2.40%) Big Data
4 11 (2.20%) MySQL
4 11 (2.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 10 (2.00%) Power BI
6 8 (1.60%) MongoDB
6 8 (1.60%) PostgreSQL
6 8 (1.60%) Relational Database
7 7 (1.40%) NoSQL
8 5 (1.00%) SAP HANA
8 5 (1.00%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 4 (0.80%) Data Warehouse
10 3 (0.60%) Apache Cassandra
10 3 (0.60%) Electronic Patient Records
10 3 (0.60%) Microsoft Analysis Services
10 3 (0.60%) Oracle Database
10 3 (0.60%) SQL Server 2008
10 3 (0.60%) SQL Server 2019
11 2 (0.40%) Triplestore
Development Applications
1 19 (3.79%) JIRA
2 12 (2.40%) Sonatype Nexus
3 10 (2.00%) Git (software)
3 10 (2.00%) Jenkins
4 9 (1.80%) SonarQube
5 7 (1.40%) Bitbucket
5 7 (1.40%) Selenium
6 4 (0.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 4 (0.80%) FishEye
6 4 (0.80%) JUnit
7 3 (0.60%) Hudson
7 3 (0.60%) IBM UrbanCode
7 3 (0.60%) Subversion
7 3 (0.60%) Visual Studio
8 2 (0.40%) Cucumber
8 2 (0.40%) Gradle
8 2 (0.40%) Grunt
8 2 (0.40%) Mockito
8 2 (0.40%) SoapUI
8 2 (0.40%) WebDriver
General
1 62 (12.38%) Telecoms
2 50 (9.98%) Finance
3 41 (8.18%) Public Sector
4 18 (3.59%) Banking
5 13 (2.59%) Marketing
6 7 (1.40%) Automotive
7 5 (1.00%) Legal
7 5 (1.00%) Retail
8 4 (0.80%) Electronics
8 4 (0.80%) Games
8 4 (0.80%) Manufacturing
9 3 (0.60%) Publishing
10 2 (0.40%) Back Office
10 2 (0.40%) Law
11 1 (0.20%) Advertising
11 1 (0.20%) Aerospace
11 1 (0.20%) Investment Banking
11 1 (0.20%) Military
11 1 (0.20%) Multimedia
11 1 (0.20%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 60 (11.98%) Analyst
2 51 (10.18%) Network Engineer
3 47 (9.38%) Architect
4 38 (7.58%) Developer
5 26 (5.19%) Consultant
6 23 (4.59%) Security Engineer
7 19 (3.79%) Service Analyst
7 19 (3.79%) Service Desk Analyst
8 18 (3.59%) Security Analyst
9 17 (3.39%) Security Architect
10 15 (2.99%) IT Analyst
10 15 (2.99%) Security Specialist
10 15 (2.99%) Solutions Architect
11 14 (2.79%) 1st Line Support
11 14 (2.79%) Administrator
12 13 (2.59%) Desktop Support
12 13 (2.59%) Support Engineer
13 12 (2.40%) Cloud Engineer
13 12 (2.40%) IT Support
14 11 (2.20%) IT Security Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 42 (8.38%) .NET
2 26 (5.19%) HTML
3 24 (4.79%) CSS
3 24 (4.79%) Web Services
4 15 (2.99%) Node.js
5 13 (2.59%) XML
6 11 (2.20%) 802.1X
6 11 (2.20%) RESTful
7 10 (2.00%) ASP.NET
7 10 (2.00%) LDAP
8 9 (1.80%) .NET Framework
8 9 (1.80%) Flask
8 9 (1.80%) jQuery
8 9 (1.80%) React
9 8 (1.60%) AngularJS
9 8 (1.60%) REST
10 7 (1.40%) .NET Core
11 6 (1.20%) Entity Framework
11 6 (1.20%) SciPy
12 5 (1.00%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 53 (10.58%) Data Centre
2 42 (8.38%) Analytical Skills
3 39 (7.78%) Management Information System
4 36 (7.19%) PKI
5 31 (6.19%) Self-Motivation
6 24 (4.79%) Internet of Things
7 22 (4.39%) User Experience
8 20 (3.99%) Driving Licence
9 13 (2.59%) Blackberry
10 12 (2.40%) Video Conferencing
11 10 (2.00%) CCTV
11 10 (2.00%) Social Media
12 9 (1.80%) Algorithms
12 9 (1.80%) PDA
12 9 (1.80%) Security Operations Centre
12 9 (1.80%) Virtual Team
13 8 (1.60%) Replication
14 7 (1.40%) CESG
14 7 (1.40%) Client/Server
14 7 (1.40%) Media Streaming
Operating Systems
1 164 (32.73%) Windows
2 87 (17.37%) Linux
3 31 (6.19%) Unix
4 26 (5.19%) Windows Server
5 23 (4.59%) Windows XP
6 22 (4.39%) Windows 7
7 19 (3.79%) Windows 10
7 19 (3.79%) Windows Server 2008
8 17 (3.39%) Android
9 12 (2.40%) Apple iOS
9 12 (2.40%) Windows 2000
10 11 (2.20%) Windows Vista
11 10 (2.00%) Windows Server 2003
12 9 (1.80%) Windows Server 2016
13 6 (1.20%) Solaris
13 6 (1.20%) Windows Server 2012
13 6 (1.20%) Windows Server 2019
14 4 (0.80%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 2 (0.40%) Mac OS
15 2 (0.40%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 66 (13.17%) Agile Software Development
2 56 (11.18%) DevOps
2 56 (11.18%) Problem-Solving
3 48 (9.58%) Project Management
4 44 (8.78%) Cybersecurity
5 43 (8.58%) Information Security
5 43 (8.58%) ITIL
6 40 (7.98%) Migration
7 32 (6.39%) Change Management
7 32 (6.39%) SIEM
8 30 (5.99%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 27 (5.39%) Scrum
9 27 (5.39%) Service Delivery
10 26 (5.19%) Analytics
10 26 (5.19%) Security Architecture
11 24 (4.79%) Security Operations
12 22 (4.39%) Incident Management
13 20 (3.99%) Open Source
14 19 (3.79%) Computer Science
14 19 (3.79%) Network Management
Programming Languages
1 51 (10.18%) Java
2 48 (9.58%) Python
3 30 (5.99%) JavaScript
4 28 (5.59%) SQL
5 26 (5.19%) C
6 24 (4.79%) PowerShell
7 23 (4.59%) Bash Shell
8 18 (3.59%) Shell Script
9 17 (3.39%) C#
10 10 (2.00%) PHP
11 8 (1.60%) Embedded C
11 8 (1.60%) Ruby
12 6 (1.20%) C++
12 6 (1.20%) Go
12 6 (1.20%) Scala
13 5 (1.00%) Perl
14 4 (0.80%) TypeScript
15 3 (0.60%) PL/SQL
15 3 (0.60%) T-SQL
16 2 (0.40%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 80 (15.97%) Security Cleared
2 69 (13.77%) SC Cleared
3 50 (9.98%) Cisco Certification
4 43 (8.58%) CCNP
5 37 (7.39%) Degree
6 34 (6.79%) CISSP
7 26 (5.19%) CCNA
8 24 (4.79%) BC Cleared
9 23 (4.59%) BPSS Clearance
10 16 (3.19%) GIAC
11 15 (2.99%) CCDP
12 14 (2.79%) CISM
12 14 (2.79%) CREST Certified
13 12 (2.40%) CCIP
13 12 (2.40%) CISA
14 9 (1.80%) Computer Science Degree
14 9 (1.80%) DV Cleared
15 8 (1.60%) CCIE
15 8 (1.60%) CEH
16 5 (1.00%) CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (3.79%) QA
2 18 (3.59%) SLA
3 13 (2.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 12 (2.40%) PCI DSS
5 6 (1.20%) GDPR
5 6 (1.20%) NIST
5 6 (1.20%) PMO
6 4 (0.80%) P3O
7 3 (0.60%) AICPA
7 3 (0.60%) COBIT
7 3 (0.60%) HL7
7 3 (0.60%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 2 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 2 (0.40%) NCSC
9 1 (0.20%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.20%) WAI
9 1 (0.20%) WCAG
System Software
1 86 (17.17%) Active Directory
2 23 (4.59%) VMware Infrastructure
3 19 (3.79%) Virtual Machines
4 11 (2.20%) BitLocker
5 10 (2.00%) Docker
6 9 (1.80%) VMware ESXi
7 6 (1.20%) VMware NSX
8 5 (1.00%) Hyper-V
9 4 (0.80%) Snort
9 4 (0.80%) Squid
9 4 (0.80%) Virtual Servers
9 4 (0.80%) vSphere
10 3 (0.60%) IAG
11 2 (0.40%) NFS
11 2 (0.40%) RACF
11 2 (0.40%) UAG
11 2 (0.40%) Virtual Desktop
12 1 (0.20%) Forefront TMG
12 1 (0.20%) Microsoft App-V
12 1 (0.20%) ProxySG
Systems Management
1 16 (3.19%) Ansible
1 16 (3.19%) Kubernetes
2 15 (2.99%) Terraform
3 14 (2.79%) EnCase
3 14 (2.79%) FTK
4 11 (2.20%) OpenView
4 11 (2.20%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
5 10 (2.00%) FortiGate
5 10 (2.00%) OVSD
5 10 (2.00%) ServiceCenter
6 8 (1.60%) SCCM
7 7 (1.40%) Opscode Chef
7 7 (1.40%) Puppet
8 6 (1.20%) Microsoft Intune
8 6 (1.20%) SCDPM
8 6 (1.20%) vCenter Server
9 4 (0.80%) HP ALM
9 4 (0.80%) HP Quality Center
9 4 (0.80%) Network Intrusion Detection System
10 3 (0.60%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 94 (18.76%) Cisco
2 88 (17.56%) Microsoft
3 39 (7.78%) Juniper
4 36 (7.19%) HP
5 34 (6.79%) VMware
6 24 (4.79%) Oracle
7 22 (4.39%) F5
8 20 (3.99%) Palo Alto
9 15 (2.99%) Adobe
10 14 (2.79%) Cellebrite
11 12 (2.40%) Citrix
11 12 (2.40%) CyberArk
11 12 (2.40%) Fortinet
11 12 (2.40%) Remedy
12 11 (2.20%) Alcatel-Lucent
13 10 (2.00%) Apple
13 10 (2.00%) Bomgar
13 10 (2.00%) CheckPoint
13 10 (2.00%) Peregrine
14 9 (1.80%) Veeam