Period
to 10 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Internet skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Internet over the 6 months to 10 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Internet
UK
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 201 200 169
Rank change year-on-year -1 -31 -20
Contract jobs citing Internet 1,423 1,411 1,657
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.35% 1.38% 1.61%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.52% 10.19% 10.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 806 846 1,085
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - -
10th Percentile £189 £170 £200
90th Percentile £588 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £409 £350 £375
% change year-on-year +16.79% -6.67% -1.32%
Number of hourly rates quoted 92 117 122
UK median hourly rate £15.70 £13.50 £19.62
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.30% -31.18% +13.20%
10th Percentile £12.00 £10.65 £10.20
90th Percentile £27.25 £39.25 £44.98
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.30 £13.45 £19.74
% change year-on-year +13.73% -31.84% +16.10%

Internet is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 13,532 13,851 15,463
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.88% 13.52% 15.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,179 8,515 9,422
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +3.23%
10th Percentile £200 £180 £213
90th Percentile £613 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +1.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 650 705 790
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £18.75 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% -16.67% +7.48%
10th Percentile £12.25 £11.00 £11.72
90th Percentile £47.50 £45.70 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.06 £18.50 £24.40
% change year-on-year -2.39% -24.18% +19.02%

Internet
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Internet as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Internet.

Contractor daily rate trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Internet over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Internet.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Internet over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Internet in the UK

Internet
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Internet within the UK over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -12 1,321 £425 +6.25% 509
UK excluding London +8 850 £409 +16.79% 364
London -35 534 £445 -1.11% 178
South East +7 319 £438 +25.00% 84
North of England +28 157 £413 -2.94% 102
East of England +15 124 £360 +20.00% 53
Midlands -17 108 £423 +12.67% 56
North West +5 80 £378 +7.86% 58
West Midlands -8 74 £425 +13.33% 40
South West -19 68 £400 +14.29% 36
Yorkshire +10 55 £424 -10.79% 31
Scotland -35 54 £400 +10.34% 16
East Midlands -14 34 £338 -6.90% 16
North East +1 22 £363 -28.04% 13
Wales -11 21 £441 +144.72% 12
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Internet also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Internet.

1 382 (26.84%) Windows
2 328 (23.05%) Microsoft
3 301 (21.15%) Agile Software Development
4 265 (18.62%) Firewall
5 217 (15.25%) Finance
6 202 (14.20%) Active Directory
6 202 (14.20%) WAN
7 199 (13.98%) Cisco
8 198 (13.91%) Security Cleared
9 193 (13.56%) ITIL
9 193 (13.56%) HTML
10 191 (13.42%) SQL
11 190 (13.35%) TCP/IP
12 182 (12.79%) JavaScript
13 178 (12.51%) Problem-Solving
14 176 (12.37%) Linux
15 163 (11.45%) Microsoft Office
16 162 (11.38%) LAN
17 161 (11.31%) DNS
18 154 (10.82%) Data Protection
19 148 (10.40%) VPN
20 145 (10.19%) Python
21 143 (10.05%) Java
22 134 (9.42%) SC Cleared
23 128 (9.00%) CSS
24 127 (8.92%) Wireless
25 125 (8.78%) Scrum
25 125 (8.78%) Windows Server
26 122 (8.57%) Analytical Skills
27 121 (8.50%) Microsoft Azure

Internet
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 90 (6.32%) IIS
2 71 (4.99%) SharePoint
3 56 (3.94%) Apache
4 51 (3.58%) Confluence
5 44 (3.09%) MS Exchange
6 32 (2.25%) CMS
7 27 (1.90%) Apache Spark
8 22 (1.55%) NServiceBus
9 18 (1.26%) Skype for Business
10 16 (1.12%) nginx
11 15 (1.05%) SharePoint Server
12 14 (0.98%) Tomcat
13 11 (0.77%) Exchange Server 2010
13 11 (0.77%) SharePoint 2013
14 8 (0.56%) JBoss
14 8 (0.56%) OpenStack
15 7 (0.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 7 (0.49%) Elasticsearch
15 7 (0.49%) Exchange Server 2013
15 7 (0.49%) WordPress
Applications
1 163 (11.45%) Microsoft Office
2 37 (2.60%) Microsoft Excel
3 23 (1.62%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 18 (1.26%) MS Visio
4 18 (1.26%) Photoshop
5 10 (0.70%) Fireworks
5 10 (0.70%) Spreadsheet
6 4 (0.28%) Adobe Illustrator
6 4 (0.28%) InfoPath
6 4 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.21%) Acrobat
7 3 (0.21%) Autodesk Inventor
7 3 (0.21%) MicroStation
8 2 (0.14%) Adobe Captivate
8 2 (0.14%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.14%) HipChat
8 2 (0.14%) InVision
9 1 (0.070%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 1 (0.070%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 30 (2.11%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.28%) SAP ERP
2 4 (0.28%) SAP Hybris
3 3 (0.21%) LatentZero
4 2 (0.14%) assyst
4 2 (0.14%) IntelliMatch
4 2 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.14%) SAP FI-GL
4 2 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.070%) Actimize
5 1 (0.070%) Adobe Campaign
5 1 (0.070%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.070%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.070%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.070%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.070%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.070%) SAP PP
5 1 (0.070%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 121 (8.50%) Microsoft Azure
2 112 (7.87%) Amazon AWS
3 87 (6.11%) Office 365
4 30 (2.11%) Cloud Computing
5 26 (1.83%) Google Cloud Platform
6 24 (1.69%) SaaS
7 21 (1.48%) IaaS
8 19 (1.34%) OpenShift
9 17 (1.19%) GitHub
10 15 (1.05%) PaaS
11 14 (0.98%) Azure Active Directory
12 11 (0.77%) Akamai
13 8 (0.56%) Sauce Labs
14 7 (0.49%) Datadog
14 7 (0.49%) G Suite
15 6 (0.42%) Amazon EC2
15 6 (0.42%) Dynamics 365
16 5 (0.35%) Google Analytics
17 4 (0.28%) Firebase
17 4 (0.28%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 265 (18.62%) Firewall
2 202 (14.20%) WAN
3 190 (13.35%) TCP/IP
4 162 (11.38%) LAN
5 161 (11.31%) DNS
6 148 (10.40%) VPN
7 127 (8.92%) Wireless
8 120 (8.43%) Intranet
9 100 (7.03%) HTTP
10 79 (5.55%) BGP
11 73 (5.13%) MPLS
12 70 (4.92%) DHCP
13 65 (4.57%) Network Security
13 65 (4.57%) OSPF
14 62 (4.36%) SSL
15 49 (3.44%) VoIP
16 42 (2.95%) Cisco ASA
17 40 (2.81%) Wi-Fi
18 38 (2.67%) SSH
19 36 (2.53%) EIGRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 100 (7.03%) SQL Server
2 46 (3.23%) Big Data
3 44 (3.09%) Relational Database
4 32 (2.25%) Hadoop
5 29 (2.04%) MySQL
6 22 (1.55%) MongoDB
7 21 (1.48%) Apache Hive
8 19 (1.34%) Oracle Database
9 18 (1.26%) Flink
10 17 (1.19%) Impala
10 17 (1.19%) Pentaho
10 17 (1.19%) PostgreSQL
11 15 (1.05%) Apache Cassandra
12 14 (0.98%) RDBMS
13 11 (0.77%) SQL Server 2008
14 10 (0.70%) Data Mining
14 10 (0.70%) SQL Server 2016
15 9 (0.63%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 7 (0.49%) Power BI
17 6 (0.42%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 87 (6.11%) Jenkins
1 87 (6.11%) JIRA
2 83 (5.83%) Git (software)
3 55 (3.87%) Selenium
4 39 (2.74%) Visual Studio
5 36 (2.53%) Team Foundation Server
6 27 (1.90%) Maven
7 25 (1.76%) Bitbucket
7 25 (1.76%) WebDriver
8 24 (1.69%) Cucumber
9 19 (1.34%) SoapUI
10 18 (1.26%) JMeter
11 17 (1.19%) LoadRunner
12 15 (1.05%) Subversion
13 12 (0.84%) Appium
13 12 (0.84%) gulp
13 12 (0.84%) JUnit
13 12 (0.84%) TeamCity
14 11 (0.77%) Hudson
15 10 (0.70%) Mockito
General
1 217 (15.25%) Finance
2 110 (7.73%) Law
3 109 (7.66%) Telecoms
4 75 (5.27%) Banking
5 38 (2.67%) Retail
6 34 (2.39%) Legal
7 22 (1.55%) Marketing
8 18 (1.26%) Manufacturing
9 17 (1.19%) Financial Institution
10 15 (1.05%) Publishing
11 9 (0.63%) Advertising
11 9 (0.63%) Electronics
11 9 (0.63%) Games
11 9 (0.63%) Military
12 8 (0.56%) Automotive
12 8 (0.56%) Billing
12 8 (0.56%) Investment Banking
13 7 (0.49%) Multimedia
14 6 (0.42%) Back Office
14 6 (0.42%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 246 (17.29%) Developer
2 219 (15.39%) Analyst
3 143 (10.05%) Architect
4 102 (7.17%) Network Engineer
5 85 (5.97%) Service Analyst
6 83 (5.83%) Service Desk Analyst
7 55 (3.87%) Support Engineer
8 49 (3.44%) Project Manager
9 44 (3.09%) Consultant
10 42 (2.95%) Designer
11 40 (2.81%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 38 (2.67%) Administrator
12 38 (2.67%) Desktop Support
12 38 (2.67%) DevOps Engineer
12 38 (2.67%) Support Analyst
13 37 (2.60%) .NET Developer
13 37 (2.60%) Business Analyst
14 33 (2.32%) Security Engineer
14 33 (2.32%) Senior Network Engineer
15 29 (2.04%) Infrastructure Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 193 (13.56%) HTML
2 128 (9.00%) CSS
3 102 (7.17%) Web Services
4 92 (6.47%) .NET
5 62 (4.36%) XML
6 61 (4.29%) React
7 50 (3.51%) AngularJS
7 50 (3.51%) jQuery
7 50 (3.51%) REST
8 47 (3.30%) HTML5
9 44 (3.09%) ASP.NET
10 37 (2.60%) RESTful
11 35 (2.46%) CSS3
12 33 (2.32%) Sass
13 31 (2.18%) .NET Framework
14 30 (2.11%) JSON
15 28 (1.97%) Ajax
16 25 (1.76%) Spring
17 24 (1.69%) Node.js
18 22 (1.55%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 122 (8.57%) Analytical Skills
2 84 (5.90%) Data Centre
3 73 (5.13%) Internet of Things
4 71 (4.99%) User Experience
5 57 (4.01%) Self-Motivation
6 46 (3.23%) Management Information System
7 44 (3.09%) Client/Server
8 41 (2.88%) Mobile App
9 31 (2.18%) PKI
10 28 (1.97%) RIA
11 27 (1.90%) iPhone
12 26 (1.83%) Video Conferencing
13 20 (1.41%) NHS
13 20 (1.41%) Online Banking
14 19 (1.34%) iPad
14 19 (1.34%) Replication
15 18 (1.26%) Linux Command Line
16 17 (1.19%) Public Cloud
16 17 (1.19%) Virtual Team
17 16 (1.12%) Blackberry
Operating Systems
1 382 (26.84%) Windows
2 176 (12.37%) Linux
3 125 (8.78%) Windows Server
4 112 (7.87%) Windows 7
5 102 (7.17%) Windows 10
6 101 (7.10%) Unix
7 57 (4.01%) Apple iOS
8 41 (2.88%) Android
9 38 (2.67%) Windows Server 2012
10 32 (2.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 32 (2.25%) Windows XP
11 30 (2.11%) Windows Server 2008
12 22 (1.55%) Windows Server 2003
13 21 (1.48%) Solaris
14 20 (1.41%) Windows 8
15 18 (1.26%) Mac OS X
16 16 (1.12%) Windows Vista
17 15 (1.05%) Ubuntu
18 14 (0.98%) Windows 2000
19 13 (0.91%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 301 (21.15%) Agile Software Development
2 193 (13.56%) ITIL
3 178 (12.51%) Problem-Solving
4 154 (10.82%) Data Protection
5 125 (8.78%) Scrum
6 119 (8.36%) Migration
7 96 (6.75%) TDD
8 94 (6.61%) DevOps
9 92 (6.47%) Continuous Integration
10 87 (6.11%) Test Automation
11 80 (5.62%) Kalman Filter
12 74 (5.20%) Web Development
13 69 (4.85%) Analytics
14 66 (4.64%) SDLC
15 65 (4.57%) Project Management
16 61 (4.29%) E-Commerce
16 61 (4.29%) Information Security
17 60 (4.22%) Computer Science
18 59 (4.15%) Software Engineering
19 57 (4.01%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 191 (13.42%) SQL
2 182 (12.79%) JavaScript
3 145 (10.19%) Python
4 143 (10.05%) Java
5 94 (6.61%) C#
6 73 (5.13%) PowerShell
7 61 (4.29%) Perl
8 38 (2.67%) C
9 36 (2.53%) Bash Shell
10 32 (2.25%) Ruby
11 31 (2.18%) PHP
12 27 (1.90%) Shell Script
13 22 (1.55%) C++
13 22 (1.55%) ES6
14 20 (1.41%) T-SQL
15 16 (1.12%) VBScript
16 13 (0.91%) TypeScript
17 12 (0.84%) Groovy
18 11 (0.77%) Scala
19 8 (0.56%) Go
Qualifications
1 198 (13.91%) Security Cleared
2 134 (9.42%) SC Cleared
3 109 (7.66%) Cisco Certification
4 102 (7.17%) Degree
5 87 (6.11%) Microsoft Certification
6 83 (5.83%) CCNP
7 75 (5.27%) MCSE
8 57 (4.01%) CCNA
9 45 (3.16%) DV Cleared
10 36 (2.53%) MCSA
11 31 (2.18%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 27 (1.90%) ISTQB
12 27 (1.90%) MCP
13 26 (1.83%) ISEB
14 24 (1.69%) CCIE
14 24 (1.69%) CISSP
15 23 (1.62%) Computer Science Degree
16 21 (1.48%) BPSS Clearance
17 18 (1.26%) HNC
18 15 (1.05%) Check Point Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 105 (7.38%) GDPR
2 68 (4.78%) QA
3 40 (2.81%) SLA
4 15 (1.05%) Data Quality
4 15 (1.05%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 14 (0.98%) WCAG
6 13 (0.91%) PCI DSS
7 9 (0.63%) Disclosure Scotland
8 7 (0.49%) Government Security Classifications
9 4 (0.28%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 4 (0.28%) PMO
9 4 (0.28%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 3 (0.21%) COBIT
10 3 (0.21%) ISO 9001
10 3 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 3 (0.21%) TickIT
11 2 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials
11 2 (0.14%) Section 508
12 1 (0.070%) HIPAA
12 1 (0.070%) PSD2
System Software
1 202 (14.20%) Active Directory
2 92 (6.47%) Docker
3 63 (4.43%) VMware Infrastructure
4 24 (1.69%) Hyper-V
5 23 (1.62%) ProxySG
6 18 (1.26%) Microsoft App-V
7 15 (1.05%) vSphere
8 14 (0.98%) Virtual Machines
9 13 (0.91%) KVM
9 13 (0.91%) Virtual Desktop
10 12 (0.84%) XenApp
10 12 (0.84%) XenDesktop
11 11 (0.77%) VirtualBox
12 10 (0.70%) Virtual Servers
13 7 (0.49%) iptables
13 7 (0.49%) VMware ESXi
13 7 (0.49%) VMware Workstation
14 5 (0.35%) Firmware
15 4 (0.28%) ISA Server
15 4 (0.28%) LXC
Systems Management
1 94 (6.61%) SCCM
2 50 (3.51%) Kubernetes
3 49 (3.44%) Ansible
4 41 (2.88%) Opscode Chef
5 38 (2.67%) Puppet
6 17 (1.19%) Cisco Prime
6 17 (1.19%) Terraform
7 13 (0.91%) AirWatch
8 12 (0.84%) McAfee ePO
8 12 (0.84%) OpenView
8 12 (0.84%) WSUS
9 10 (0.70%) SCOM
9 10 (0.70%) vCenter Server
10 9 (0.63%) OVSD
11 8 (0.56%) NetBackup
11 8 (0.56%) Netcool
12 7 (0.49%) Salt
12 7 (0.49%) Suricata
12 7 (0.49%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
12 7 (0.49%) WMI
Vendors
1 328 (23.05%) Microsoft
2 199 (13.98%) Cisco
3 92 (6.47%) Citrix
4 90 (6.32%) Oracle
5 85 (5.97%) VMware
6 81 (5.69%) CheckPoint
7 74 (5.20%) Juniper
8 64 (4.50%) F5
9 59 (4.15%) Blue Coat
10 52 (3.65%) McAfee
11 49 (3.44%) HP
12 39 (2.74%) Adobe
13 37 (2.60%) Google
13 37 (2.60%) Splunk
14 36 (2.53%) Apple
14 36 (2.53%) Palo Alto
15 34 (2.39%) Aruba
16 33 (2.32%) Red Hat
17 32 (2.25%) IBM
18 30 (2.11%) Avaya