Period
to 25 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Internet skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Internet over the 6 months to 25 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Internet
UK
6 months to
25 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 297 215 218
Rank change year-on-year -82 +3 -7
Contract jobs citing Internet 391 861 1,303
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.82% 1.26% 1.33%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 6.99% 9.38% 10.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 346 504 793
Median daily rate £440 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.53% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £210 £147 £200
90th Percentile £589 £579 £593
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £423
% change year-on-year +3.31% -5.33% +20.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 73 106
Median hourly rate £19.50 £19.00 £15.30
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +24.18% +22.40%
10th Percentile £10.29 £13.28 £12.00
90th Percentile £55.60 £76.60 £27.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.00 £16.50 £15.00
% change year-on-year +15.15% +10.00% +20.00%

Internet is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 5,591 9,182 12,524
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.79% 13.44% 12.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,534 5,671 7,747
Median daily rate £440 £413 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.67% -2.94% +5.59%
10th Percentile £210 £180 £200
90th Percentile £613 £600 £608
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £400
Number of hourly rates quoted 278 506 557
Median hourly rate £32.50 £20.30 £17.90
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +60.08% +13.42% -5.79%
10th Percentile £12.99 £13.38 £12.00
90th Percentile £61.08 £51.75 £48.75
Median hourly rate £26.50 £19.50 £17.09
% change year-on-year +35.90% +14.14% -13.10%

Internet
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Internet as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Internet.

Daily rate trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Internet over the 6 months to 25 February 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Internet.

Hourly rate trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Internet over the 6 months to 25 February 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Internet in the UK

Internet
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Internet within the UK over the 6 months to 25 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -54 335 £450 +4.35% 269
UK excluding London -42 184 £413 +3.31% 187
London -32 162 £475 +5.56% 87
Work from Home -145 100 £450 +8.43% 53
South East +26 71 £425 +1.49% 44
South West +67 30 £375 -16.67% 31
North of England +14 25 £425 +3.03% 51
Midlands +5 24 £360 +4.73% 32
Scotland -6 19 £328 -11.19% 4
West Midlands -2 14 £340 -6.21% 20
Yorkshire +32 13 £425 -5.56% 16
East of England -9 13 £413 +3.13% 20
East Midlands +17 9 £365 +21.67% 12
North West +11 8 £220 -46.34% 28
North East +29 4 £300 +59.87% 7
Northern Ireland +6 2 £363 - 3

For the 6 months to 25 February 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Internet also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Internet.

1 113 (28.90%) Firewall
2 94 (24.04%) Agile Software Development
3 91 (23.27%) Cisco
4 86 (21.99%) Windows
5 81 (20.72%) Microsoft
6 78 (19.95%) WAN
6 78 (19.95%) Azure
7 74 (18.93%) Security Cleared
8 68 (17.39%) VPN
9 62 (15.86%) SC Cleared
10 59 (15.09%) Finance
11 57 (14.58%) Network Security
12 56 (14.32%) Active Directory
13 53 (13.55%) DNS
13 53 (13.55%) AWS
14 50 (12.79%) Telecoms
15 49 (12.53%) LAN
16 48 (12.28%) Microsoft 365
17 44 (11.25%) Linux
17 44 (11.25%) Wireless
18 43 (11.00%) SIEM
19 42 (10.74%) Python
20 41 (10.49%) TCP/IP
21 39 (9.97%) Migration
22 38 (9.72%) Intranet
23 37 (9.46%) PaaS
23 37 (9.46%) Data Centre
24 35 (8.95%) DevOps
24 35 (8.95%) Cisco Certification
24 35 (8.95%) ITIL

Internet
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (7.67%) SharePoint
2 14 (3.58%) IIS
3 11 (2.81%) MS Exchange
4 9 (2.30%) Confluence
4 9 (2.30%) Elasticsearch
4 9 (2.30%) Skype for Business
5 5 (1.28%) Apache
5 5 (1.28%) CMS
6 4 (1.02%) ArcGIS
6 4 (1.02%) OpenStack
7 2 (0.51%) Drupal
7 2 (0.51%) Exchange Server 2013
7 2 (0.51%) nginx
7 2 (0.51%) SharePoint Server
7 2 (0.51%) Tomcat
8 1 (0.26%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
8 1 (0.26%) EPiServer
8 1 (0.26%) NetWeaver
8 1 (0.26%) SAP Portal
8 1 (0.26%) SAS
Applications
1 29 (7.42%) Microsoft Office
2 18 (4.60%) Microsoft Excel
3 8 (2.05%) MS Visio
4 6 (1.53%) Microsoft Project
5 4 (1.02%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (1.02%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.51%) Acrobat
7 1 (0.26%) Adobe Captivate
7 1 (0.26%) ScreenFlow
Business Applications
1 4 (1.02%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.51%) Infor M3
2 2 (0.51%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.26%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.26%) Dynamics GP
3 1 (0.26%) Oracle Assets
3 1 (0.26%) SAP CRM
3 1 (0.26%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 78 (19.95%) Azure
2 53 (13.55%) AWS
3 48 (12.28%) Microsoft 365
4 37 (9.46%) PaaS
5 28 (7.16%) SaaS
6 24 (6.14%) IaaS
7 16 (4.09%) Cloud Computing
8 12 (3.07%) Amazon EC2
9 10 (2.56%) GCP
10 7 (1.79%) OneDrive
11 5 (1.28%) AWS Lambda
11 5 (1.28%) Serverless
12 4 (1.02%) Azure Active Directory
12 4 (1.02%) Dynamics 365
12 4 (1.02%) Power Platform
12 4 (1.02%) PowerApps
13 3 (0.77%) Azure Functions
13 3 (0.77%) GitHub
14 2 (0.51%) Akamai
14 2 (0.51%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 113 (28.90%) Firewall
2 78 (19.95%) WAN
3 68 (17.39%) VPN
4 57 (14.58%) Network Security
5 53 (13.55%) DNS
6 49 (12.53%) LAN
7 44 (11.25%) Wireless
8 41 (10.49%) TCP/IP
9 38 (9.72%) Intranet
10 31 (7.93%) VoIP
11 29 (7.42%) DHCP
12 24 (6.14%) MPLS
13 21 (5.37%) DMZ
14 20 (5.12%) VLAN
15 18 (4.60%) BGP
15 18 (4.60%) OSPF
16 16 (4.09%) SSL
17 15 (3.84%) Skype
17 15 (3.84%) Wi-Fi
18 14 (3.58%) 4G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (4.60%) SQL Server
2 9 (2.30%) PostgreSQL
3 6 (1.53%) NoSQL
4 5 (1.28%) Big Data
4 5 (1.28%) MySQL
5 4 (1.02%) MongoDB
5 4 (1.02%) SQL Server 2008
6 3 (0.77%) Apache Cassandra
6 3 (0.77%) PowerCenter
6 3 (0.77%) QlikView
7 2 (0.51%) Amazon RDS
7 2 (0.51%) BigQuery
7 2 (0.51%) GIS
7 2 (0.51%) Hadoop
7 2 (0.51%) Presto
7 2 (0.51%) Redis
7 2 (0.51%) Relational Database
7 2 (0.51%) SQL Server 2019
7 2 (0.51%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 2 (0.51%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 20 (5.12%) JIRA
2 19 (4.86%) Git (software)
3 10 (2.56%) Visual Studio
4 8 (2.05%) Cucumber
4 8 (2.05%) IntelliJ
4 8 (2.05%) JUnit
4 8 (2.05%) PyCharm
4 8 (2.05%) Visual Studio Code
5 7 (1.79%) Cypress.io
5 7 (1.79%) Gatling
5 7 (1.79%) LoadRunner
5 7 (1.79%) Team Foundation Server
6 6 (1.53%) webpack
7 4 (1.02%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 4 (1.02%) Bitbucket
7 4 (1.02%) Jenkins
7 4 (1.02%) Maven
8 3 (0.77%) Hudson
8 3 (0.77%) Selenium
9 2 (0.51%) NWDS
General
1 59 (15.09%) Finance
2 50 (12.79%) Telecoms
3 32 (8.18%) Public Sector
4 21 (5.37%) Banking
5 11 (2.81%) Manufacturing
5 11 (2.81%) Marketing
6 10 (2.56%) Retail
7 6 (1.53%) Electronics
7 6 (1.53%) Legal
8 4 (1.02%) Advertising
8 4 (1.02%) Multimedia
9 3 (0.77%) Digital Economy
9 3 (0.77%) Investment Banking
9 3 (0.77%) Publishing
10 2 (0.51%) Automotive
10 2 (0.51%) Financial Institution
10 2 (0.51%) German Language
10 2 (0.51%) Police
10 2 (0.51%) Retail Banking
11 1 (0.26%) Law
Job Titles
1 51 (13.04%) Analyst
2 50 (12.79%) Developer
3 48 (12.28%) Architect
4 33 (8.44%) Network Engineer
5 16 (4.09%) Consultant
6 15 (3.84%) Project Manager
6 15 (3.84%) Security Engineer
7 14 (3.58%) Java Developer
7 14 (3.58%) Support Engineer
8 13 (3.32%) Cloud Engineer
8 13 (3.32%) Security Specialist
8 13 (3.32%) Senior Analyst
9 11 (2.81%) Administrator
9 11 (2.81%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 11 (2.81%) Junior
10 10 (2.56%) 3rd Line Support
10 10 (2.56%) Azure Engineer
10 10 (2.56%) IT Engineer
10 10 (2.56%) Security Architect
10 10 (2.56%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21 (5.37%) REST
2 20 (5.12%) JSON
2 20 (5.12%) Kafka
3 18 (4.60%) HTML
3 18 (4.60%) Web Services
4 15 (3.84%) React
4 15 (3.84%) Spring
5 14 (3.58%) CSS
6 13 (3.32%) Elastic Stack
7 12 (3.07%) Node.js
8 11 (2.81%) XML
9 10 (2.56%) RESTful
10 9 (2.30%) HTML5
10 9 (2.30%) SOAP
11 8 (2.05%) AngularJS
11 8 (2.05%) CSS3
12 7 (1.79%) .NET
12 7 (1.79%) Redux
12 7 (1.79%) Vue.js
13 6 (1.53%) 802.1X
Miscellaneous
1 37 (9.46%) Data Centre
2 32 (8.18%) Internet of Things
3 28 (7.16%) Analytical Skills
3 28 (7.16%) Public Cloud
4 27 (6.91%) PKI
4 27 (6.91%) Self-Motivation
5 26 (6.65%) Management Information System
6 21 (5.37%) Security Operations Centre
6 21 (5.37%) User Experience
7 14 (3.58%) Hybrid Cloud
8 12 (3.07%) Video Conferencing
9 10 (2.56%) Replication
10 9 (2.30%) Online Banking
10 9 (2.30%) Virtual Team
11 8 (2.05%) Cloud Native
11 8 (2.05%) Mobile App
11 8 (2.05%) Private Cloud
12 7 (1.79%) CCTV
12 7 (1.79%) CESG
12 7 (1.79%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 86 (21.99%) Windows
2 44 (11.25%) Linux
3 23 (5.88%) Windows Server
4 18 (4.60%) Windows 10
5 16 (4.09%) Unix
5 16 (4.09%) Windows 7
6 10 (2.56%) Android
7 9 (2.30%) Windows Server 2008
8 8 (2.05%) Apple iOS
9 7 (1.79%) Windows Server 2012
10 6 (1.53%) Solaris
10 6 (1.53%) Windows Server 2016
11 5 (1.28%) Windows Server 2003
12 4 (1.02%) CentOS
12 4 (1.02%) Mac OS
12 4 (1.02%) Windows Server 2019
13 2 (0.51%) Windows 2000
13 2 (0.51%) Windows 8
14 1 (0.26%) Windows NT
14 1 (0.26%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 94 (24.04%) Agile Software Development
2 43 (11.00%) SIEM
3 39 (9.97%) Migration
4 35 (8.95%) DevOps
4 35 (8.95%) ITIL
5 33 (8.44%) Cybersecurity
6 30 (7.67%) Problem-Solving
7 28 (7.16%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 27 (6.91%) Security Operations
9 26 (6.65%) Change Management
10 24 (6.14%) Microservices
11 23 (5.88%) Project Management
12 22 (5.63%) Service Management
13 21 (5.37%) Project Delivery
14 20 (5.12%) OWASP
15 19 (4.86%) Test Automation
16 18 (4.60%) SDLC
16 18 (4.60%) Security Architecture
17 17 (4.35%) Continuous Improvement
17 17 (4.35%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 42 (10.74%) Python
2 33 (8.44%) JavaScript
3 28 (7.16%) Java
4 26 (6.65%) SQL
5 23 (5.88%) PowerShell
6 17 (4.35%) Bash Shell
7 15 (3.84%) C
8 13 (3.32%) Java 8
9 12 (3.07%) Ruby
10 10 (2.56%) C#
10 10 (2.56%) C++
11 8 (2.05%) Go
12 5 (1.28%) Perl
12 5 (1.28%) PHP
13 4 (1.02%) VBA
14 3 (0.77%) T-SQL
14 3 (0.77%) TypeScript
15 2 (0.51%) ABAP
15 2 (0.51%) Apple Swift
15 2 (0.51%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 74 (18.93%) Security Cleared
2 62 (15.86%) SC Cleared
3 35 (8.95%) Cisco Certification
4 25 (6.39%) Degree
5 22 (5.63%) CCNP
6 18 (4.60%) CCNA
7 10 (2.56%) MCSE
7 10 (2.56%) Microsoft Certification
8 9 (2.30%) CCDP
8 9 (2.30%) CISSP
9 8 (2.05%) BPSS Clearance
9 8 (2.05%) MCSA
10 7 (1.79%) BC Cleared
11 6 (1.53%) CCIE
11 6 (1.53%) DV Cleared
11 6 (1.53%) ISEB
12 5 (1.28%) CISA
12 5 (1.28%) ITIL Certification
12 5 (1.28%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
13 4 (1.02%) CREST Certified
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (8.44%) NIST
2 28 (7.16%) NCSC
3 16 (4.09%) QA
4 11 (2.81%) SLA
5 9 (2.30%) Data Quality
6 8 (2.05%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 6 (1.53%) GDPR
8 5 (1.28%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 5 (1.28%) PCI DSS
9 4 (1.02%) HIPAA
9 4 (1.02%) ISO 20022
9 4 (1.02%) PSD2
9 4 (1.02%) TARGET2
10 3 (0.77%) ISO 9001
11 2 (0.51%) COBIT
11 2 (0.51%) Government Security Classifications
11 2 (0.51%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 2 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 2 (0.51%) PMO
12 1 (0.26%) NIST 800
System Software
1 56 (14.32%) Active Directory
2 21 (5.37%) VMware Infrastructure
3 17 (4.35%) Docker
4 12 (3.07%) Hyper-V
5 8 (2.05%) Virtual Machines
6 7 (1.79%) vSphere
7 5 (1.28%) ProxySG
8 4 (1.02%) Snort
8 4 (1.02%) Virtual Servers
9 3 (0.77%) Virtual Desktop
9 3 (0.77%) VirtualBox
9 3 (0.77%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.51%) VMware NSX
10 2 (0.51%) XenApp
11 1 (0.26%) Ceph
11 1 (0.26%) KVM
11 1 (0.26%) LXC
11 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 1 (0.26%) VMware Server
11 1 (0.26%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 23 (5.88%) Kubernetes
2 18 (4.60%) Terraform
3 14 (3.58%) Ansible
4 13 (3.32%) SCCM
5 8 (2.05%) Consul
6 7 (1.79%) Kibana
6 7 (1.79%) logstash
6 7 (1.79%) Puppet
7 6 (1.53%) Opscode Chef
8 5 (1.28%) Single Sign-On
9 4 (1.02%) MaaS360
9 4 (1.02%) Norton AntiVirus
9 4 (1.02%) Suricata
9 4 (1.02%) Trend Micro Deep Security
10 3 (0.77%) Cisco CUCM
10 3 (0.77%) HP ALM
10 3 (0.77%) HP Quality Center
10 3 (0.77%) Rundeck
11 2 (0.51%) Microsoft Intune
11 2 (0.51%) QRadar
Vendors
1 91 (23.27%) Cisco
2 81 (20.72%) Microsoft
3 32 (8.18%) VMware
4 31 (7.93%) Palo Alto
5 29 (7.42%) Fortinet
6 26 (6.65%) Splunk
7 21 (5.37%) LogRhythm
8 17 (4.35%) Juniper
9 16 (4.09%) Citrix
9 16 (4.09%) Google
10 14 (3.58%) CheckPoint
10 14 (3.58%) Meraki
11 11 (2.81%) Apple
11 11 (2.81%) Oracle
12 10 (2.56%) Adobe
12 10 (2.56%) SAP
13 9 (2.30%) Avaya
13 9 (2.30%) Red Hat
14 8 (2.05%) F5
14 8 (2.05%) Veeam