Period
to 14 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Internet skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Internet over the 6 months to 14 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Internet
UK
6 months to
14 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 290 213 230
Rank change year-on-year -77 +17 -18
Contract jobs citing Internet 491 621 1,144
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.86% 1.23% 1.25%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 7.55% 9.03% 10.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 328 355 654
10th Percentile £219 £120 £205
25th Percentile £356 £285 £319
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £425 £440
Median % change year-on-year +5.88% -3.41% +10.00%
75th Percentile £538 £525 £525
90th Percentile £625 £588 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £425
% change year-on-year +3.13% -5.88% +13.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 48 79
10th Percentile £9.56 £12.00 "
25th Percentile £12.25 £13.38 £12.00
Median hourly rate £14.00 £16.00 £13.50
Median % change year-on-year -12.50% +18.52% -0.13%
75th Percentile £24.00 £20.94 £17.75
90th Percentile £37.25 £44.88 £26.04
UK excluding London median hourly rate £13.00 £16.00 £12.50
% change year-on-year -18.75% +28.00% -7.41%

Internet is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 6,506 6,877 11,420
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.38% 13.64% 12.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,183 4,203 7,187
10th Percentile £225 £178 £202
25th Percentile £350 £313 £325
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £425 £425
Median % change year-on-year +5.88% - +2.41%
75th Percentile £538 £525 £538
90th Percentile £625 £613 £610
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £413
% change year-on-year - -3.03% +6.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 296 394 525
10th Percentile £12.93 £13.38 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.50 £16.25 £14.43
Median hourly rate £27.00 £22.19 £18.75
Median % change year-on-year +21.69% +18.33% +0.27%
75th Percentile £50.00 £46.94 £43.75
90th Percentile £63.50 £53.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £19.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +23.08% +11.43% -4.76%

Internet
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Internet as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Internet.

Daily rate trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Internet over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Internet.

Hourly rate trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Internet over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Internet in the UK

Internet
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Internet within the UK over the 6 months to 14 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -47 395 £450 - 286
UK excluding London -28 233 £413 +3.13% 217
London -76 182 £475 - 83
Work from Home -157 144 £450 +9.09% 66
South East -10 73 £428 +6.88% 54
South West +63 42 £400 -5.88% 23
North of England +22 41 £424 -0.26% 52
Scotland -46 36 £400 +21.21% 11
Midlands -4 27 £413 +96.43% 52
North West -2 17 £263 -36.36% 28
Yorkshire +32 16 £425 -5.56% 14
West Midlands -13 15 £438 +25.00% 26
East of England -6 13 £375 -6.25% 22
East Midlands +16 10 £375 +92.31% 25
North East +24 8 £265 +120.83% 10
Isle of Man - 1 £413 -

For the 6 months to 14 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Internet also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Internet.

1 122 (24.85%) Firewall
2 110 (22.40%) Microsoft
3 108 (22.00%) Agile Software Development
4 107 (21.79%) Windows
4 107 (21.79%) Social Skills
5 102 (20.77%) Cisco
6 93 (18.94%) WAN
7 87 (17.72%) Azure
8 78 (15.89%) Finance
9 70 (14.26%) Telecoms
9 70 (14.26%) Security Cleared
10 68 (13.85%) DNS
11 67 (13.65%) Active Directory
12 66 (13.44%) AWS
13 62 (12.63%) SC Cleared
14 60 (12.22%) TCP/IP
15 59 (12.02%) LAN
15 59 (12.02%) Microsoft 365
15 59 (12.02%) Problem-Solving
16 58 (11.81%) VPN
17 52 (10.59%) Linux
18 49 (9.98%) JavaScript
18 49 (9.98%) Network Security
19 48 (9.78%) Microsoft Office
20 47 (9.57%) Python
21 46 (9.37%) Analytical Skills
22 44 (8.96%) ITIL
23 43 (8.76%) Degree
24 42 (8.55%) Internet of Things
24 42 (8.55%) Cybersecurity

Internet
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (5.30%) SharePoint
2 13 (2.65%) IIS
3 12 (2.44%) CMS
3 12 (2.44%) Skype for Business
4 10 (2.04%) Elasticsearch
5 9 (1.83%) MS Exchange
6 8 (1.63%) Apache
7 7 (1.43%) Confluence
7 7 (1.43%) OpenStack
8 4 (0.81%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
8 4 (0.81%) WordPress
9 3 (0.61%) ArcGIS
9 3 (0.61%) NetWeaver
9 3 (0.61%) Tomcat
10 2 (0.41%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 2 (0.41%) Apache Spark
10 2 (0.41%) Exchange Server 2010
10 2 (0.41%) Headless CMS
10 2 (0.41%) MTS
10 2 (0.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 48 (9.78%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (3.87%) Microsoft Excel
3 16 (3.26%) MS Visio
4 6 (1.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (1.02%) Microsoft Project
6 3 (0.61%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 3 (0.61%) InVision
6 3 (0.61%) Sketch
7 2 (0.41%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.20%) Acrobat
8 1 (0.20%) Adobe Captivate
Business Applications
1 6 (1.22%) Magento
2 5 (1.02%) SAP CRM
3 3 (0.61%) Distributed Ledger
4 2 (0.41%) Finacle
5 1 (0.20%) Infor M3
5 1 (0.20%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 87 (17.72%) Azure
2 66 (13.44%) AWS
3 59 (12.02%) Microsoft 365
4 33 (6.72%) SaaS
5 32 (6.52%) PaaS
6 21 (4.28%) IaaS
7 15 (3.05%) GCP
8 14 (2.85%) Cloud Computing
9 12 (2.44%) Amazon EC2
10 11 (2.24%) Serverless
11 9 (1.83%) Amazon S3
12 8 (1.63%) AWS Lambda
13 7 (1.43%) Amazon EKS
14 6 (1.22%) CloudFront
14 6 (1.22%) GitHub
15 5 (1.02%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 5 (1.02%) AWS CloudFormation
15 5 (1.02%) Route 53
16 4 (0.81%) AWS Direct Connect
16 4 (0.81%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 122 (24.85%) Firewall
2 93 (18.94%) WAN
3 68 (13.85%) DNS
4 60 (12.22%) TCP/IP
5 59 (12.02%) LAN
6 58 (11.81%) VPN
7 49 (9.98%) Network Security
8 41 (8.35%) Wireless
9 38 (7.74%) Intranet
10 36 (7.33%) VoIP
11 31 (6.31%) DHCP
11 31 (6.31%) MPLS
11 31 (6.31%) SD-WAN
12 27 (5.50%) HTTP
13 19 (3.87%) BGP
13 19 (3.87%) Ethernet
13 19 (3.87%) Unified Communications
14 18 (3.67%) 4G
14 18 (3.67%) OSPF
14 18 (3.67%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (4.89%) SQL Server
2 8 (1.63%) PostgreSQL
3 6 (1.22%) Amazon RDS
3 6 (1.22%) Big Data
3 6 (1.22%) MySQL
3 6 (1.22%) Oracle Database
4 5 (1.02%) NoSQL
4 5 (1.02%) Redis
5 4 (0.81%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 4 (0.81%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 3 (0.61%) Hadoop
6 3 (0.61%) QlikView
6 3 (0.61%) Relational Database
7 2 (0.41%) Jackrabbit
7 2 (0.41%) MongoDB
7 2 (0.41%) Power BI
7 2 (0.41%) QGIS
7 2 (0.41%) SQL Server 2019
8 1 (0.20%) Spatial Data
8 1 (0.20%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 30 (6.11%) Git (software)
2 27 (5.50%) JIRA
3 13 (2.65%) Cypress.io
4 11 (2.24%) Team Foundation Server
4 11 (2.24%) Visual Studio
5 10 (2.04%) IntelliJ
5 10 (2.04%) PyCharm
5 10 (2.04%) Visual Studio Code
6 9 (1.83%) JUnit
6 9 (1.83%) webpack
7 8 (1.63%) Gatling
7 8 (1.63%) LoadRunner
8 7 (1.43%) Jenkins
9 5 (1.02%) Cucumber
10 4 (0.81%) Jasmine
10 4 (0.81%) Karma Test Runner
10 4 (0.81%) Sonatype Nexus
10 4 (0.81%) Subversion
11 3 (0.61%) gulp
11 3 (0.61%) Storybook
General
1 107 (21.79%) Social Skills
2 78 (15.89%) Finance
3 70 (14.26%) Telecoms
4 46 (9.37%) Analytical Skills
5 37 (7.54%) Public Sector
6 20 (4.07%) Banking
7 17 (3.46%) Presentation Skills
8 16 (3.26%) Organisational Skills
9 13 (2.65%) Marketing
10 11 (2.24%) Influencing Skills
11 10 (2.04%) Manufacturing
12 9 (1.83%) Retail
13 8 (1.63%) Legal
14 5 (1.02%) Advertising
14 5 (1.02%) Billing
14 5 (1.02%) Local Government
14 5 (1.02%) Retail Banking
15 3 (0.61%) Documentation Skills
15 3 (0.61%) Electronics
15 3 (0.61%) German Language
Job Titles
1 68 (13.85%) Developer
2 64 (13.03%) Architect
3 58 (11.81%) Analyst
4 34 (6.92%) Network Engineer
5 26 (5.30%) Security Engineer
6 20 (4.07%) Consultant
6 20 (4.07%) Security Architect
7 18 (3.67%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 17 (3.46%) Cloud Engineer
9 16 (3.26%) Solutions Architect
10 15 (3.05%) Support Engineer
11 14 (2.85%) Lead Architect
11 14 (2.85%) Project Manager
12 13 (2.65%) Senior Developer
13 12 (2.44%) Administrator
13 12 (2.44%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 12 (2.44%) Security Specialist
14 11 (2.24%) Senior Analyst
14 11 (2.24%) Software Engineer
15 10 (2.04%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 33 (6.72%) HTML
2 30 (6.11%) CSS
3 27 (5.50%) Web Services
4 24 (4.89%) REST
5 22 (4.48%) React
6 21 (4.28%) Node.js
7 19 (3.87%) JSON
8 16 (3.26%) AngularJS
9 15 (3.05%) HTML5
9 15 (3.05%) Kafka
9 15 (3.05%) RESTful
10 13 (2.65%) .NET
10 13 (2.65%) Elastic Stack
11 11 (2.24%) CSS3
11 11 (2.24%) SOAP
11 11 (2.24%) Spring
11 11 (2.24%) XML
12 10 (2.04%) Redux
13 9 (1.83%) Vue.js
14 8 (1.63%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 42 (8.55%) Internet of Things
2 38 (7.74%) Data Centre
2 38 (7.74%) Self-Motivation
3 31 (6.31%) Management Information System
3 31 (6.31%) User Experience
4 29 (5.91%) Public Cloud
5 18 (3.67%) Hybrid Cloud
6 17 (3.46%) PKI
6 17 (3.46%) Video Conferencing
7 15 (3.05%) Security Operations Centre
7 15 (3.05%) Virtual Team
8 10 (2.04%) Private Cloud
9 9 (1.83%) Algorithms
9 9 (1.83%) Cloud Native
9 9 (1.83%) Mobile App
9 9 (1.83%) Tandem
10 7 (1.43%) CESG
10 7 (1.43%) Fat Client
10 7 (1.43%) Online Banking
10 7 (1.43%) Thin Client
Operating Systems
1 107 (21.79%) Windows
2 52 (10.59%) Linux
3 34 (6.92%) Unix
4 26 (5.30%) Windows 10
5 21 (4.28%) Windows Server
6 13 (2.65%) Android
6 13 (2.65%) Apple iOS
7 8 (1.63%) Windows 7
7 8 (1.63%) Windows Server 2016
8 7 (1.43%) Mac OS X
8 7 (1.43%) Solaris
8 7 (1.43%) Windows Server 2012
9 6 (1.22%) Windows Server 2019
10 5 (1.02%) Mac OS
10 5 (1.02%) Windows Server 2008
11 3 (0.61%) Windows Server 2003
12 2 (0.41%) CentOS
12 2 (0.41%) Windows 2000
12 2 (0.41%) Windows XP
12 2 (0.41%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 108 (22.00%) Agile Software Development
2 59 (12.02%) Problem-Solving
3 44 (8.96%) ITIL
4 42 (8.55%) Cybersecurity
5 40 (8.15%) SIEM
6 39 (7.94%) Migration
7 36 (7.33%) DevOps
8 35 (7.13%) Test Automation
9 33 (6.72%) Project Management
10 32 (6.52%) Continuous Improvement
11 31 (6.31%) Security Architecture
12 29 (5.91%) OWASP
12 29 (5.91%) Risk Management
13 26 (5.30%) Information Security
13 26 (5.30%) TOGAF
14 25 (5.09%) Change Management
14 25 (5.09%) Project Delivery
15 24 (4.89%) Penetration Testing
16 23 (4.68%) Capacity Planning
16 23 (4.68%) Infrastructure Engineering
Programming Languages
1 49 (9.98%) JavaScript
2 47 (9.57%) Python
3 38 (7.74%) PowerShell
4 28 (5.70%) Java
5 24 (4.89%) SQL
6 17 (3.46%) Bash Shell
7 15 (3.05%) C
8 14 (2.85%) Ruby
9 11 (2.24%) C++
9 11 (2.24%) TypeScript
10 10 (2.04%) Go
11 9 (1.83%) ES6
11 9 (1.83%) Perl
12 8 (1.63%) PHP
13 7 (1.43%) C#
14 6 (1.22%) ES7
15 5 (1.02%) Java 8
16 4 (0.81%) PL/SQL
16 4 (0.81%) VB.NET
16 4 (0.81%) VBA
Qualifications
1 70 (14.26%) Security Cleared
2 62 (12.63%) SC Cleared
3 43 (8.76%) Degree
4 42 (8.55%) Cisco Certification
5 30 (6.11%) CISSP
6 27 (5.50%) CCNP
7 22 (4.48%) CCNA
8 21 (4.28%) CISM
9 15 (3.05%) CISA
10 11 (2.24%) CCDP
11 10 (2.04%) CREST Certified
11 10 (2.04%) ISEB
11 10 (2.04%) TOGAF Certification
12 9 (1.83%) DV Cleared
12 9 (1.83%) MCSE
12 9 (1.83%) Microsoft Certification
13 8 (1.63%) BPSS Clearance
13 8 (1.63%) GCIH
13 8 (1.63%) MCSA
14 7 (1.43%) GCFA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (5.91%) NIST
2 22 (4.48%) NCSC
3 20 (4.07%) QA
4 16 (3.26%) SLA
5 12 (2.44%) PCI DSS
6 11 (2.24%) GDPR
6 11 (2.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 6 (1.22%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 5 (1.02%) HIPAA
9 4 (0.81%) Data Quality
9 4 (0.81%) ISO 9001
10 3 (0.61%) Disclosure Scotland
10 3 (0.61%) ISO 20022
10 3 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 3 (0.61%) PSD2
10 3 (0.61%) TARGET2
11 2 (0.41%) GRC
11 2 (0.41%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 2 (0.41%) SEPA
11 2 (0.41%) SOC 2
System Software
1 67 (13.65%) Active Directory
2 28 (5.70%) Docker
2 28 (5.70%) VMware Infrastructure
3 12 (2.44%) Hyper-V
3 12 (2.44%) Virtual Machines
4 8 (1.63%) BitLocker
5 5 (1.02%) Snort
6 4 (0.81%) ProxySG
6 4 (0.81%) Virtual Desktop
6 4 (0.81%) VMware ESXi
6 4 (0.81%) vSphere
7 3 (0.61%) Virtual Servers
7 3 (0.61%) XenApp
8 2 (0.41%) Kamailio
8 2 (0.41%) KVM
8 2 (0.41%) NFS
8 2 (0.41%) XenDesktop
9 1 (0.20%) Firmware
9 1 (0.20%) Terminal Services
9 1 (0.20%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 24 (4.89%) Kubernetes
2 22 (4.48%) Ansible
3 19 (3.87%) Terraform
4 15 (3.05%) SCCM
5 10 (2.04%) Consul
6 9 (1.83%) Cisco CUCM
6 9 (1.83%) Kibana
7 8 (1.63%) EnCase
7 8 (1.63%) FTK
7 8 (1.63%) HP ALM
7 8 (1.63%) logstash
8 7 (1.43%) Opscode Chef
8 7 (1.43%) Puppet
9 6 (1.22%) HP Quality Center
10 4 (0.81%) Control-M
10 4 (0.81%) Norton AntiVirus
10 4 (0.81%) Single Sign-On
10 4 (0.81%) Suricata
10 4 (0.81%) Trend Micro Deep Security
11 3 (0.61%) FortiGate
Vendors
1 110 (22.40%) Microsoft
2 102 (20.77%) Cisco
3 38 (7.74%) VMware
4 26 (5.30%) Fortinet
5 22 (4.48%) CheckPoint
5 22 (4.48%) Palo Alto
6 21 (4.28%) Oracle
7 19 (3.87%) Citrix
8 18 (3.67%) Google
9 17 (3.46%) Splunk
10 16 (3.26%) Juniper
11 15 (3.05%) Adobe
11 15 (3.05%) LogRhythm
11 15 (3.05%) Meraki
12 12 (2.44%) HP
13 11 (2.24%) Red Hat
14 10 (2.04%) Avaya
15 9 (1.83%) EMC
15 9 (1.83%) F5
15 9 (1.83%) SAP