Period
to 30 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Internet skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Internet over the 6 months to 30 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Internet
UK
6 months to
30 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 295 234 227
Rank change year-on-year -61 -7 +3
Contract jobs citing Internet 630 407 1,173
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.87% 1.11% 1.28%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 7.67% 8.36% 9.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 412 261 651
10th Percentile £253 £165 £200
25th Percentile £362 £315 £325
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £450 £450
75th Percentile £553 £550 £550
90th Percentile £675 £625 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £425
% change year-on-year +2.50% -5.88% +8.97%
Number of hourly rates quoted 31 22 68
10th Percentile " £12.09 "
25th Percentile £12.25 £15.25 £12.00
Median hourly rate £15.00 £19.50 £13.50
Median % change year-on-year -23.08% +44.44% -11.76%
75th Percentile £24.38 £27.90 £18.75
90th Percentile £35.00 £34.28 £25.30
UK excluding London median hourly rate £13.00 £19.50 £12.00
% change year-on-year -33.33% +62.50% -19.19%

Internet is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 8,214 4,871 11,764
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.36% 13.33% 12.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,243 3,006 7,341
10th Percentile £244 £200 £200
25th Percentile £360 £318 £315
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £438 £425
Median % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% -
75th Percentile £550 £538 £538
90th Percentile £650 £638 £610
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +1.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 378 246 566
10th Percentile £12.00 £14.39 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.00 £17.26 £15.27
Median hourly rate £22.50 £30.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -25.00% +33.33% +17.86%
75th Percentile £48.75 £46.36 £44.99
90th Percentile £64.65 £53.13 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £21.88 £21.33
% change year-on-year -8.57% +2.58% +12.24%

Internet
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Internet as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Internet.

Daily rate trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Internet over the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Internet.

Hourly rate trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Internet over the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Internet in the UK

Internet
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Internet within the UK over the 6 months to 30 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -60 504 £450 -5.26% 420
UK excluding London -2 275 £410 +2.50% 330
London -77 257 £498 +1.53% 118
Work from Home -133 185 £475 +5.56% 73
South West +40 61 £400 - 55
North of England -9 59 £400 -11.11% 87
South East -53 59 £450 - 75
Scotland -27 53 £400 +21.21% 19
North West -16 36 £400 - 49
Midlands -50 27 £425 +26.87% 51
East of England -24 16 £350 -14.11% 28
West Midlands -40 16 £450 +28.57% 30
Yorkshire -21 13 £425 -5.56% 25
North East -8 10 £260 -54.55% 13
East Midlands -12 10 £388 +98.72% 21
Wales -12 1 - - 12
Isle of Man - 1 £413 -

For the 6 months to 30 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Internet also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Internet.

1 141 (22.38%) Social Skills
2 140 (22.22%) Agile Software Development
3 139 (22.06%) Windows
3 139 (22.06%) Microsoft
4 127 (20.16%) Azure
5 120 (19.05%) Firewall
6 107 (16.98%) AWS
7 105 (16.67%) Finance
8 104 (16.51%) WAN
9 99 (15.71%) Cisco
10 89 (14.13%) Problem-Solving
11 84 (13.33%) Python
12 83 (13.17%) Telecoms
13 82 (13.02%) JavaScript
13 82 (13.02%) LAN
14 79 (12.54%) Active Directory
15 75 (11.90%) Linux
16 74 (11.75%) DNS
17 68 (10.79%) DevOps
18 65 (10.32%) Microsoft 365
19 61 (9.68%) Data Centre
20 60 (9.52%) Java
21 59 (9.37%) HTML
21 59 (9.37%) Security Cleared
21 59 (9.37%) Analytical Skills
22 56 (8.89%) Microsoft Office
22 56 (8.89%) TCP/IP
23 53 (8.41%) Wireless
23 53 (8.41%) VMware
23 53 (8.41%) Degree

Internet
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (5.24%) SharePoint
2 23 (3.65%) CMS
3 17 (2.70%) Skype for Business
4 16 (2.54%) MS Exchange
5 14 (2.22%) Apache
5 14 (2.22%) IIS
6 10 (1.59%) WordPress
7 9 (1.43%) Confluence
8 8 (1.27%) Elasticsearch
9 7 (1.11%) Tomcat
10 5 (0.79%) Apache Spark
10 5 (0.79%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
10 5 (0.79%) Headless CMS
10 5 (0.79%) WebSphere
10 5 (0.79%) WebSphere Application Server
11 4 (0.63%) OpenStack
12 3 (0.48%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 3 (0.48%) NetWeaver
12 3 (0.48%) nginx
12 3 (0.48%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 56 (8.89%) Microsoft Office
2 24 (3.81%) Microsoft Excel
3 23 (3.65%) MS Visio
4 10 (1.59%) Microsoft Project
5 8 (1.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 7 (1.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 7 (1.11%) InVision
6 7 (1.11%) Sketch
7 4 (0.63%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.16%) Acrobat
Business Applications
1 16 (2.54%) Magento
2 4 (0.63%) Distributed Ledger
2 4 (0.63%) SAP CRM
3 3 (0.48%) Shopify
4 2 (0.32%) Finacle
4 2 (0.32%) Oracle Cash Management
4 2 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.32%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.16%) Infor M3
5 1 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.16%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.16%) RMDS
5 1 (0.16%) Sentinel
5 1 (0.16%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 127 (20.16%) Azure
2 107 (16.98%) AWS
3 65 (10.32%) Microsoft 365
4 32 (5.08%) PaaS
4 32 (5.08%) SaaS
5 29 (4.60%) GCP
6 27 (4.29%) IaaS
7 23 (3.65%) Serverless
8 18 (2.86%) AWS Lambda
9 14 (2.22%) Amazon EKS
10 11 (1.75%) Amazon EC2
10 11 (1.75%) Amazon S3
10 11 (1.75%) Azure Active Directory
10 11 (1.75%) Cloud Computing
11 10 (1.59%) AWS CloudFormation
11 10 (1.59%) GitHub
12 7 (1.11%) Power Platform
13 6 (0.95%) CloudFront
14 5 (0.79%) Adobe Analytics
14 5 (0.79%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 120 (19.05%) Firewall
2 104 (16.51%) WAN
3 82 (13.02%) LAN
4 74 (11.75%) DNS
5 56 (8.89%) TCP/IP
6 53 (8.41%) Wireless
7 50 (7.94%) VPN
8 39 (6.19%) HTTP
9 36 (5.71%) MPLS
10 34 (5.40%) VoIP
11 32 (5.08%) Intranet
11 32 (5.08%) Wi-Fi
12 29 (4.60%) DHCP
12 29 (4.60%) Network Security
12 29 (4.60%) Unified Communications
13 28 (4.44%) BGP
14 25 (3.97%) Ethernet
15 22 (3.49%) OSPF
16 21 (3.33%) SD-WAN
17 20 (3.17%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (6.67%) SQL Server
2 14 (2.22%) MySQL
3 12 (1.90%) MongoDB
4 10 (1.59%) Amazon RDS
4 10 (1.59%) Big Data
4 10 (1.59%) Oracle Database
5 9 (1.43%) Redis
6 8 (1.27%) NoSQL
7 7 (1.11%) Relational Database
8 6 (0.95%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 6 (0.95%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 5 (0.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 5 (0.79%) Data Warehouse
9 5 (0.79%) Hadoop
9 5 (0.79%) Power BI
9 5 (0.79%) QGIS
10 4 (0.63%) Blockchain
10 4 (0.63%) PostgreSQL
11 3 (0.48%) Metadata
12 2 (0.32%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 52 (8.25%) Git (software)
2 41 (6.51%) JIRA
3 27 (4.29%) Jenkins
4 9 (1.43%) Bitbucket
4 9 (1.43%) Cypress.io
4 9 (1.43%) Subversion
4 9 (1.43%) Team Foundation Server
5 7 (1.11%) Grunt
5 7 (1.11%) gulp
6 6 (0.95%) Cucumber
6 6 (0.95%) IntelliJ
6 6 (0.95%) Sonatype Nexus
6 6 (0.95%) webpack
7 5 (0.79%) Gradle
7 5 (0.79%) Jasmine
7 5 (0.79%) Karma Test Runner
7 5 (0.79%) Visual Studio
8 4 (0.63%) Eclipse
8 4 (0.63%) Visual Studio Code
9 3 (0.48%) SonarQube
General
1 141 (22.38%) Social Skills
2 105 (16.67%) Finance
3 83 (13.17%) Telecoms
4 59 (9.37%) Analytical Skills
5 50 (7.94%) Public Sector
6 40 (6.35%) Banking
7 20 (3.17%) Presentation Skills
8 19 (3.02%) Marketing
9 13 (2.06%) Organisational Skills
10 10 (1.59%) Manufacturing
11 9 (1.43%) Influencing Skills
12 8 (1.27%) Retail
13 7 (1.11%) Billing
14 6 (0.95%) Documentation Skills
14 6 (0.95%) Legal
14 6 (0.95%) Local Government
14 6 (0.95%) Retail Banking
15 5 (0.79%) Advertising
15 5 (0.79%) Publishing
15 5 (0.79%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 100 (15.87%) Developer
2 77 (12.22%) Architect
3 53 (8.41%) Analyst
4 49 (7.78%) Network Engineer
5 28 (4.44%) Security Architect
6 26 (4.13%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 25 (3.97%) Senior Developer
8 22 (3.49%) Consultant
8 22 (3.49%) Security Engineer
9 18 (2.86%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 16 (2.54%) Administrator
10 16 (2.54%) Lead Architect
10 16 (2.54%) Project Manager
10 16 (2.54%) Solutions Architect
11 15 (2.38%) Business Analyst
11 15 (2.38%) Cloud Engineer
12 14 (2.22%) Software Engineer
13 13 (2.06%) Support Engineer
14 12 (1.90%) Java Developer
14 12 (1.90%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 59 (9.37%) HTML
2 51 (8.10%) CSS
3 42 (6.67%) Web Services
4 40 (6.35%) JSON
5 38 (6.03%) Node.js
6 33 (5.24%) React
7 30 (4.76%) HTML5
7 30 (4.76%) REST
8 29 (4.60%) AngularJS
9 21 (3.33%) Ajax
10 19 (3.02%) RESTful
10 19 (3.02%) SOAP
11 16 (2.54%) .NET
12 15 (2.38%) CSS3
13 14 (2.22%) Redux
14 13 (2.06%) CakePHP
14 13 (2.06%) jQuery
14 13 (2.06%) Spring
15 12 (1.90%) XML
16 11 (1.75%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 61 (9.68%) Data Centre
2 43 (6.83%) Internet of Things
3 42 (6.67%) Management Information System
4 38 (6.03%) User Experience
5 31 (4.92%) Public Cloud
6 29 (4.60%) Self-Motivation
7 22 (3.49%) Video Conferencing
8 17 (2.70%) Hybrid Cloud
9 16 (2.54%) Mobile App
9 16 (2.54%) PKI
10 15 (2.38%) Cloud Native
10 15 (2.38%) Online Banking
11 13 (2.06%) Algorithms
11 13 (2.06%) iPad
12 12 (1.90%) iPhone
13 11 (1.75%) Virtual Team
14 10 (1.59%) RIA
14 10 (1.59%) Social Media
15 9 (1.43%) Tandem
16 8 (1.27%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 139 (22.06%) Windows
2 75 (11.90%) Linux
3 39 (6.19%) Unix
4 34 (5.40%) Windows Server
5 27 (4.29%) Windows 10
6 22 (3.49%) Apple iOS
7 14 (2.22%) Android
8 13 (2.06%) Mac OS X
8 13 (2.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 11 (1.75%) Windows Server 2019
10 9 (1.43%) Windows Server 2016
11 7 (1.11%) Solaris
11 7 (1.11%) Windows Server 2012
12 6 (0.95%) Windows 7
13 5 (0.79%) Ubuntu
14 4 (0.63%) CentOS
15 3 (0.48%) Mac OS
15 3 (0.48%) Windows XP
15 3 (0.48%) zOS
16 2 (0.32%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 140 (22.22%) Agile Software Development
2 89 (14.13%) Problem-Solving
3 68 (10.79%) DevOps
4 50 (7.94%) ITIL
5 47 (7.46%) Migration
6 46 (7.30%) Cybersecurity
7 42 (6.67%) Project Management
8 41 (6.51%) Risk Management
9 38 (6.03%) Continuous Improvement
9 38 (6.03%) Security Architecture
10 37 (5.87%) Test Automation
11 31 (4.92%) Capacity Planning
11 31 (4.92%) Disaster Recovery
11 31 (4.92%) Information Security
11 31 (4.92%) Microservices
11 31 (4.92%) Penetration Testing
12 30 (4.76%) E-Commerce
13 28 (4.44%) Infrastructure Engineering
13 28 (4.44%) Scrum
14 27 (4.29%) TOGAF
Programming Languages
1 84 (13.33%) Python
2 82 (13.02%) JavaScript
3 60 (9.52%) Java
4 50 (7.94%) SQL
5 43 (6.83%) PowerShell
6 32 (5.08%) TypeScript
7 25 (3.97%) Bash Shell
8 24 (3.81%) C
8 24 (3.81%) PHP
9 20 (3.17%) ES6
10 13 (2.06%) C++
10 13 (2.06%) ES7
10 13 (2.06%) Perl
11 12 (1.90%) Ruby
12 10 (1.59%) C#
12 10 (1.59%) Go
13 9 (1.43%) Kotlin
14 5 (0.79%) PL/SQL
14 5 (0.79%) T-SQL
14 5 (0.79%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 59 (9.37%) Security Cleared
2 53 (8.41%) Degree
3 52 (8.25%) Cisco Certification
3 52 (8.25%) SC Cleared
4 36 (5.71%) CCNP
5 29 (4.60%) CISSP
6 26 (4.13%) CCNA
7 21 (3.33%) CISM
8 15 (2.38%) CISA
9 12 (1.90%) CCDP
9 12 (1.90%) DV Cleared
10 10 (1.59%) CREST Certified
10 10 (1.59%) TOGAF Certification
11 9 (1.43%) Microsoft Certification
12 8 (1.27%) BPSS Clearance
12 8 (1.27%) CCIE
12 8 (1.27%) Computer Science Degree
12 8 (1.27%) ISEB
13 7 (1.11%) GCIH
13 7 (1.11%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (4.76%) SLA
2 25 (3.97%) QA
3 16 (2.54%) GDPR
4 15 (2.38%) PCI DSS
5 14 (2.22%) Accessibility
5 14 (2.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 12 (1.90%) NIST
7 7 (1.11%) HIPAA
8 6 (0.95%) Disclosure Scotland
8 6 (0.95%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 6 (0.95%) PMO
9 5 (0.79%) NCSC
9 5 (0.79%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 4 (0.63%) Data Quality
10 4 (0.63%) ISO 20022
10 4 (0.63%) ISO 9001
10 4 (0.63%) PSD2
10 4 (0.63%) TARGET2
11 3 (0.48%) FedRAMP
11 3 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 79 (12.54%) Active Directory
2 35 (5.56%) VMware Infrastructure
3 26 (4.13%) Docker
4 14 (2.22%) Hyper-V
4 14 (2.22%) Virtual Machines
5 8 (1.27%) BitLocker
6 4 (0.63%) NFS
7 3 (0.48%) KVM
7 3 (0.48%) Virtual Desktop
7 3 (0.48%) VMware NSX
7 3 (0.48%) VMware Workstation
8 2 (0.32%) Kamailio
8 2 (0.32%) Snort
8 2 (0.32%) vCloud
8 2 (0.32%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.32%) vSphere
8 2 (0.32%) XenApp
9 1 (0.16%) Firmware
9 1 (0.16%) Microsoft App-V
9 1 (0.16%) ProxySG
Systems Management
1 47 (7.46%) Terraform
2 36 (5.71%) Ansible
3 32 (5.08%) Kubernetes
4 15 (2.38%) SCCM
5 13 (2.06%) Cisco CUCM
6 9 (1.43%) FortiGate
7 8 (1.27%) EnCase
7 8 (1.27%) FTK
7 8 (1.27%) Grafana
7 8 (1.27%) HP ALM
7 8 (1.27%) Microsoft Intune
8 7 (1.11%) Kibana
9 6 (0.95%) HP Quality Center
10 5 (0.79%) Iperf
11 4 (0.63%) Control-M
11 4 (0.63%) Single Sign-On
12 3 (0.48%) CASB
12 3 (0.48%) Opscode Chef
12 3 (0.48%) Puppet
12 3 (0.48%) vRealize
Vendors
1 139 (22.06%) Microsoft
2 99 (15.71%) Cisco
3 53 (8.41%) VMware
4 36 (5.71%) Oracle
5 30 (4.76%) Citrix
6 21 (3.33%) Juniper
7 20 (3.17%) HP
8 19 (3.02%) Adobe
8 19 (3.02%) CheckPoint
9 18 (2.86%) Palo Alto
10 16 (2.54%) Red Hat
11 15 (2.38%) F5
11 15 (2.38%) Fortinet
12 14 (2.22%) Dell
13 13 (2.06%) Meraki
14 12 (1.90%) Google
14 12 (1.90%) NetApp
14 12 (1.90%) SAP
15 11 (1.75%) Apple
15 11 (1.75%) Ruckus Wireless