Period
to 19 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Internet skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Internet over the 6 months to 19 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Internet
UK
6 months to
19 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 222 223 183
Rank change year-on-year +1 -40 -23
Contract jobs citing Internet 1,158 1,297 1,375
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.24% 1.25% 1.44%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 9.78% 9.45% 10.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 629 727 789
UK median daily rate £450 £401 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +12.36% +0.13% -
10th Percentile £193 £181 £180
90th Percentile £650 £625 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £375 £370
% change year-on-year +13.33% +1.35% -1.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 75 91 115
UK median hourly rate £13.25 £15.00 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.67% -14.29% -10.76%
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.00 £11.28
90th Percentile £24.05 £42.50 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £12.50 £13.85 £16.09
% change year-on-year -9.75% -13.92% -15.56%

Internet is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 11,842 13,726 12,983
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.71% 13.27% 13.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,284 8,436 7,810
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £200 £201 £205
90th Percentile £606 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £395 £385
% change year-on-year +1.27% +2.60% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 569 765 765
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £19.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% +2.56% -22.00%
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.20 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.70 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.50 £20.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year +7.50% +5.26% -24.00%

Internet
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Internet as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Internet.

Contractor daily rate trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Internet over the 6 months to 19 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Internet.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Internet over the 6 months to 19 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Internet in the UK

Internet
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Internet within the UK over the 6 months to 19 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -17 1,013 £450 +8.04% 630
UK excluding London +5 669 £425 +13.33% 502
London -4 457 £500 +11.11% 176
South East +18 223 £413 +3.13% 124
Midlands +24 105 £378 +16.15% 97
North of England -18 98 £400 +6.67% 112
Scotland +74 89 £450 +20.00% 28
South West -20 67 £375 +3.45% 56
East of England -22 56 £425 -5.56% 65
West Midlands -15 54 £450 +40.63% 59
East Midlands +47 51 £310 -13.29% 38
North West -14 47 £375 - 69
Yorkshire +9 43 £428 +14.00% 30
Wales +11 32 £425 +30.77% 15
North East +9 8 £415 +18.15% 13

For the 6 months to 19 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Internet also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Internet.

1 264 (22.80%) Microsoft
2 260 (22.45%) Windows
3 245 (21.16%) Agile Software Development
4 199 (17.18%) Firewall
5 173 (14.94%) SQL
6 156 (13.47%) Linux
7 154 (13.30%) Finance
8 153 (13.21%) WAN
9 152 (13.13%) Cisco
10 151 (13.04%) Java
10 151 (13.04%) Active Directory
11 150 (12.95%) Python
12 144 (12.44%) Microsoft Azure
13 142 (12.26%) DNS
14 140 (12.09%) Amazon AWS
15 139 (12.00%) DevOps
16 135 (11.66%) LAN
17 129 (11.14%) Security Cleared
18 125 (10.79%) TCP/IP
18 125 (10.79%) VPN
19 121 (10.45%) Degree
20 115 (9.93%) Microsoft Office
21 110 (9.50%) ITIL
22 107 (9.24%) MPLS
22 107 (9.24%) Data Centre
23 105 (9.07%) Telecoms
24 102 (8.81%) SC Cleared
25 101 (8.72%) Cisco Certification
26 100 (8.64%) Migration
27 99 (8.55%) Office 365

Internet
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 97 (8.38%) IIS
2 96 (8.29%) SharePoint
3 38 (3.28%) MS Exchange
4 32 (2.76%) Confluence
5 30 (2.59%) SharePoint Server
6 28 (2.42%) Apache
7 25 (2.16%) Skype for Business
8 14 (1.21%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
8 14 (1.21%) CMS
9 13 (1.12%) OpenStack
9 13 (1.12%) Tomcat
10 12 (1.04%) nginx
10 12 (1.04%) WebSphere
11 11 (0.95%) Apache Spark
11 11 (0.95%) BizTalk Server
12 9 (0.78%) Elasticsearch
12 9 (0.78%) SAS
13 7 (0.60%) IBM Domino
13 7 (0.60%) IBM Notes
13 7 (0.60%) JBoss
Applications
1 115 (9.93%) Microsoft Office
2 52 (4.49%) Microsoft Excel
3 31 (2.68%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 29 (2.50%) MS Visio
5 12 (1.04%) Microsoft Project
6 8 (0.69%) Acrobat
7 7 (0.60%) SPSS
7 7 (0.60%) Stata
8 4 (0.35%) Photoshop
8 4 (0.35%) Sketch
9 3 (0.26%) Adobe Illustrator
9 3 (0.26%) InVision
10 2 (0.17%) Adobe Captivate
10 2 (0.17%) FrameMaker
10 2 (0.17%) Lectora
11 1 (0.086%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.086%) Blender
11 1 (0.086%) Maya
11 1 (0.086%) Spreadsheet
11 1 (0.086%) ZBrush
Business Applications
1 19 (1.64%) Remedy ITSM
2 17 (1.47%) Dynamics NAV
3 14 (1.21%) SAP ERP
3 14 (1.21%) SAP Hybris
4 11 (0.95%) Dynamics CRM
5 5 (0.43%) WebTrends
6 4 (0.35%) Eikon
6 4 (0.35%) Oracle EBS
6 4 (0.35%) Relativity
7 3 (0.26%) Remedy AR System
7 3 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 3 (0.26%) SAP HCM
7 3 (0.26%) SAP S/4HANA
8 2 (0.17%) assyst
8 2 (0.17%) BigMachines
8 2 (0.17%) Fredhopper
8 2 (0.17%) Markit EDM
8 2 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
8 2 (0.17%) Primavera
9 1 (0.086%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 144 (12.44%) Microsoft Azure
2 140 (12.09%) Amazon AWS
3 99 (8.55%) Office 365
4 35 (3.02%) Cloud Computing
5 33 (2.85%) Google Cloud Platform
6 32 (2.76%) SaaS
7 25 (2.16%) Azure Active Directory
8 24 (2.07%) IaaS
9 23 (1.99%) GitHub
10 22 (1.90%) PaaS
11 15 (1.30%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 14 (1.21%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 11 (0.95%) Serverless
14 10 (0.86%) Amazon EC2
15 9 (0.78%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 9 (0.78%) AWS CloudFormation
15 9 (0.78%) Azure Stack
16 8 (0.69%) Google Analytics
16 8 (0.69%) OneDrive
17 7 (0.60%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 199 (17.18%) Firewall
2 153 (13.21%) WAN
3 142 (12.26%) DNS
4 135 (11.66%) LAN
5 125 (10.79%) TCP/IP
5 125 (10.79%) VPN
6 107 (9.24%) MPLS
7 85 (7.34%) Intranet
8 73 (6.30%) BGP
9 69 (5.96%) OSPF
10 63 (5.44%) DHCP
10 63 (5.44%) Wireless
11 58 (5.01%) Ethernet
12 57 (4.92%) Network Security
13 55 (4.75%) Wi-Fi
14 54 (4.66%) HTTP
15 36 (3.11%) SMTP
16 35 (3.02%) IPsec
17 33 (2.85%) EIGRP
18 29 (2.50%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 75 (6.48%) SQL Server
2 72 (6.22%) MySQL
3 36 (3.11%) Relational Database
4 28 (2.42%) Amazon RDS
5 26 (2.25%) RDBMS
6 24 (2.07%) Data Mining
7 23 (1.99%) PostgreSQL
8 19 (1.64%) Apache Cassandra
9 17 (1.47%) Hadoop
10 15 (1.30%) Big Data
10 15 (1.30%) NoSQL
10 15 (1.30%) Oracle Database
11 14 (1.21%) Redis
11 14 (1.21%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 13 (1.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 12 (1.04%) MongoDB
14 11 (0.95%) Pentaho
15 9 (0.78%) Apache Hive
16 8 (0.69%) Data Warehouse
16 8 (0.69%) Impala
Development Applications
1 72 (6.22%) Git (software)
2 66 (5.70%) Jenkins
3 59 (5.09%) JIRA
4 27 (2.33%) Selenium
5 25 (2.16%) Maven
6 23 (1.99%) Team Foundation Server
7 20 (1.73%) Sonatype Nexus
8 16 (1.38%) Mockito
9 14 (1.21%) Visual Studio
10 13 (1.12%) Gradle
10 13 (1.12%) JUnit
10 13 (1.12%) SoapUI
10 13 (1.12%) Subversion
11 12 (1.04%) JMeter
11 12 (1.04%) LoadRunner
12 11 (0.95%) Cucumber
13 10 (0.86%) Bitbucket
13 10 (0.86%) Hudson
14 7 (0.60%) EasyMock
14 7 (0.60%) Rational DOORS
General
1 154 (13.30%) Finance
2 105 (9.07%) Telecoms
3 44 (3.80%) Banking
4 39 (3.37%) Law
5 28 (2.42%) Retail
6 25 (2.16%) Legal
7 22 (1.90%) Marketing
8 13 (1.12%) Back Office
9 11 (0.95%) Military
10 9 (0.78%) Billing
10 9 (0.78%) Games
10 9 (0.78%) German Language
10 9 (0.78%) Multimedia
11 8 (0.69%) French Language
12 6 (0.52%) Advertising
12 6 (0.52%) Retail Banking
13 5 (0.43%) Online Betting
14 4 (0.35%) Financial Institution
14 4 (0.35%) Investment Banking
15 3 (0.26%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 147 (12.69%) Architect
2 140 (12.09%) Developer
3 125 (10.79%) Analyst
4 104 (8.98%) Network Engineer
5 61 (5.27%) Consultant
6 55 (4.75%) Support Engineer
7 43 (3.71%) 2nd Line Support
8 40 (3.45%) Desktop Support
9 38 (3.28%) DevOps Engineer
9 38 (3.28%) Java Developer
9 38 (3.28%) Security Architect
10 32 (2.76%) Full Stack Developer
10 32 (2.76%) Solutions Architect
11 30 (2.59%) Senior Network Engineer
12 28 (2.42%) Operations Technician
12 28 (2.42%) Security Engineer
13 27 (2.33%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 25 (2.16%) Administrator
14 25 (2.16%) Support Analyst
15 24 (2.07%) Network Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 75 (6.48%) .NET
2 73 (6.30%) Web Services
3 64 (5.53%) HTML
4 50 (4.32%) Spring
5 37 (3.20%) XML
6 35 (3.02%) ASP.NET
7 34 (2.94%) Node.js
8 33 (2.85%) CSS
9 29 (2.50%) Middleware
10 28 (2.42%) J2EE
11 26 (2.25%) LDAP
11 26 (2.25%) React
12 25 (2.16%) AngularJS
13 23 (1.99%) .NET Framework
14 22 (1.90%) Ruby on Rails
15 21 (1.81%) JSON
15 21 (1.81%) REST
16 19 (1.64%) Kafka
17 16 (1.38%) 802.1X
17 16 (1.38%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 107 (9.24%) Data Centre
2 71 (6.13%) Analytical Skills
3 61 (5.27%) Self-Motivation
4 53 (4.58%) Internet of Things
5 40 (3.45%) Management Information System
6 35 (3.02%) Public Cloud
7 32 (2.76%) User Experience
8 30 (2.59%) Greenfield Project
9 25 (2.16%) Client/Server
10 24 (2.07%) Video Conferencing
11 20 (1.73%) Cloud Native
11 20 (1.73%) Mobile App
12 18 (1.55%) Enterprise Software
13 13 (1.12%) Blackberry
13 13 (1.12%) Clustering
13 13 (1.12%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
13 13 (1.12%) NHS
13 13 (1.12%) PKI
13 13 (1.12%) Replication
14 12 (1.04%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 260 (22.45%) Windows
2 156 (13.47%) Linux
3 75 (6.48%) Windows 10
4 68 (5.87%) Unix
5 54 (4.66%) Windows 7
6 49 (4.23%) Windows Server
7 37 (3.20%) Windows Server 2003
8 30 (2.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 28 (2.42%) Apple iOS
10 26 (2.25%) Android
11 20 (1.73%) Windows Server 2008
12 16 (1.38%) Windows Server 2012
13 15 (1.30%) Solaris
14 14 (1.21%) Ubuntu
15 12 (1.04%) Windows XP
16 11 (0.95%) SUSE
17 10 (0.86%) Mac OS X
18 7 (0.60%) Mac OS
18 7 (0.60%) Windows 8
19 6 (0.52%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 245 (21.16%) Agile Software Development
2 139 (12.00%) DevOps
3 110 (9.50%) ITIL
4 100 (8.64%) Migration
5 95 (8.20%) Problem-Solving
6 89 (7.69%) Information Security
7 84 (7.25%) Scrum
8 69 (5.96%) Analytics
9 65 (5.61%) TDD
10 64 (5.53%) Continuous Improvement
10 64 (5.53%) Test Automation
11 62 (5.35%) Data Protection
12 60 (5.18%) Project Management
13 59 (5.09%) Cybersecurity
14 55 (4.75%) Software Engineering
15 53 (4.58%) Service Delivery
16 52 (4.49%) Security Operations
17 51 (4.40%) Computer Science
17 51 (4.40%) Kalman Filter
18 48 (4.15%) Network Design
Programming Languages
1 173 (14.94%) SQL
2 151 (13.04%) Java
3 150 (12.95%) Python
4 69 (5.96%) JavaScript
5 55 (4.75%) Bash Shell
6 51 (4.40%) PowerShell
7 42 (3.63%) Ruby
8 39 (3.37%) Perl
9 37 (3.20%) C
10 36 (3.11%) C#
11 32 (2.76%) PHP
12 27 (2.33%) C++
13 22 (1.90%) T-SQL
14 20 (1.73%) Go
14 20 (1.73%) Scala
15 18 (1.55%) Shell Script
16 9 (0.78%) Java 8
16 9 (0.78%) R
16 9 (0.78%) VB.NET
17 8 (0.69%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 129 (11.14%) Security Cleared
2 121 (10.45%) Degree
3 102 (8.81%) SC Cleared
4 101 (8.72%) Cisco Certification
5 60 (5.18%) CCNP
6 53 (4.58%) CCIE
7 44 (3.80%) DV Cleared
8 43 (3.71%) CISSP
9 42 (3.63%) CCNA
10 35 (3.02%) Microsoft Certification
11 23 (1.99%) CEH
12 19 (1.64%) BPSS Clearance
13 17 (1.47%) MCSE
14 16 (1.38%) CCDP
14 16 (1.38%) JNCIE
14 16 (1.38%) JNCIP
15 15 (1.30%) CISM
16 14 (1.21%) BC Cleared
16 14 (1.21%) Computer Science Degree
17 13 (1.12%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 48 (4.15%) GDPR
2 42 (3.63%) QA
3 34 (2.94%) SLA
4 30 (2.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 19 (1.64%) NIST
6 15 (1.30%) PCI DSS
7 9 (0.78%) RMADS
8 7 (0.60%) Cyber Essentials
8 7 (0.60%) Data Quality
8 7 (0.60%) PSD2
9 6 (0.52%) ISO 9001
9 6 (0.52%) PMO
9 6 (0.52%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 4 (0.35%) COBIT
10 4 (0.35%) NCSC
11 3 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 3 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 3 (0.26%) SEPA
12 2 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
12 2 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 151 (13.04%) Active Directory
2 62 (5.35%) Docker
3 44 (3.80%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (1.21%) Hyper-V
5 7 (0.60%) ProxySG
5 7 (0.60%) XenApp
6 6 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (0.52%) VMware ESXi
7 5 (0.43%) oVirt
7 5 (0.43%) Terminal Services
7 5 (0.43%) Virtual Servers
7 5 (0.43%) VMware NSX
7 5 (0.43%) vSphere
8 4 (0.35%) BitLocker
8 4 (0.35%) Firmware
8 4 (0.35%) IAG
8 4 (0.35%) Sendmail
8 4 (0.35%) Tivoli Directory Server
9 3 (0.26%) Shibboleth
9 3 (0.26%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 67 (5.79%) SCCM
2 58 (5.01%) Kubernetes
3 33 (2.85%) Ansible
4 29 (2.50%) McAfee ePO
5 27 (2.33%) Opscode Chef
6 25 (2.16%) Puppet
7 23 (1.99%) Terraform
8 19 (1.64%) Microsoft Intune
9 15 (1.30%) AirWatch
10 12 (1.04%) Host Intrusion Detection System
11 10 (0.86%) Single Sign-On
11 10 (0.86%) Tivoli
12 9 (0.78%) SCOM
13 8 (0.69%) Cisco Prime
13 8 (0.69%) Control-M
13 8 (0.69%) HAProxy
14 7 (0.60%) QRadar
14 7 (0.60%) Rundeck
14 7 (0.60%) Suricata
15 6 (0.52%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 264 (22.80%) Microsoft
2 152 (13.13%) Cisco
3 73 (6.30%) VMware
4 69 (5.96%) Oracle
5 57 (4.92%) Google
6 56 (4.84%) Juniper
7 42 (3.63%) F5
8 40 (3.45%) Citrix
9 39 (3.37%) McAfee
10 37 (3.20%) CheckPoint
11 36 (3.11%) Splunk
12 35 (3.02%) Red Hat
13 30 (2.59%) Adobe
13 30 (2.59%) HP
14 27 (2.33%) Palo Alto
14 27 (2.33%) SAP
15 25 (2.16%) IBM
16 24 (2.07%) ServiceNow
17 23 (1.99%) Zscaler
18 22 (1.90%) Tableau