Period
to 28 October 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Algorithms in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Algorithms over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Algorithms
UK > England
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 159 186 209
Rank change year-on-year +27 +23 +1
Permanent jobs citing Algorithms 2,553 855 2,169
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.29% 1.88% 1.71%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 5.58% 5.29% 4.82%
Number of salaries quoted 1,061 739 1,574
10th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £36,250
25th Percentile £50,000 £46,250 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £68,500 £62,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.60% -3.85% +8.33%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £105,750 £108,750
UK median annual salary £67,500 £60,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +12.50% -4.00% +4.17%

Algorithms is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 45,734 16,176 45,002
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 41.01% 35.50% 35.54%
Number of salaries quoted 27,726 13,466 34,896
10th Percentile £32,500 £33,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £43,000 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £59,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +0.84% +8.18% +3.77%
75th Percentile £82,500 £78,750 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £100,000 £92,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £54,500
% change year-on-year +4.35% +5.50% +3.81%

Algorithms
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Algorithms as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Algorithms in England

Algorithms
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Algorithms in England.

Salary trend for Algorithms in England

Algorithms
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Algorithms in England over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Algorithms in England

Algorithms
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Algorithms within the England region over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +27 1,450 £80,000 - 228
South East -25 368 £57,000 +3.64% 71
North of England -86 195 £57,500 +15.00% 46
East of England +16 176 £47,500 -32.14% 41
South West -5 148 £62,500 +19.05% 19
Midlands -8 140 £62,500 +8.70% 28
Yorkshire -74 130 £60,000 +20.00% 15
West Midlands -10 108 £68,750 +30.95% 15
North West -58 60 £56,250 +2.27% 24
East Midlands -47 32 £45,000 -40.00% 12
North East -43 5 £42,500 -5.56% 7
Algorithms
UK

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT jobs citing Algorithms also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Algorithms.

1 1,258 (49.28%) Python
2 1,023 (40.07%) Software Engineering
3 866 (33.92%) Machine Learning
4 859 (33.65%) Degree
5 854 (33.45%) Data Structures
6 827 (32.39%) Java
7 784 (30.71%) Agile Software Development
8 767 (30.04%) Social Skills
9 731 (28.63%) Computer Science
10 687 (26.91%) SQL
11 639 (25.03%) Data Science
12 584 (22.88%) AWS
13 555 (21.74%) C++
14 522 (20.45%) Artificial Intelligence
14 522 (20.45%) Docker
15 506 (19.82%) Finance
16 499 (19.55%) JavaScript
17 466 (18.25%) Git (software)
18 465 (18.21%) Mathematics
19 459 (17.98%) Kubernetes
20 440 (17.23%) Problem-Solving
21 438 (17.16%) Analytics
22 399 (15.63%) Analytical Skills
23 385 (15.08%) React
24 382 (14.96%) OO
25 381 (14.92%) DevOps
26 344 (13.47%) C
27 335 (13.12%) Full Stack Development
28 323 (12.65%) TDD
29 310 (12.14%) Microservices

Algorithms
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 208 (8.15%) Apache Spark
2 119 (4.66%) Elasticsearch
3 69 (2.70%) Jupyter
4 38 (1.49%) Apache Airflow
5 35 (1.37%) Confluence
6 25 (0.98%) Apache
7 24 (0.94%) WordPress
8 21 (0.82%) SAS
9 20 (0.78%) CMS
9 20 (0.78%) Gunicorn
10 17 (0.67%) Tomcat
11 9 (0.35%) nginx
12 8 (0.31%) JBoss
13 7 (0.27%) Ethereum
13 7 (0.27%) Headless CMS
13 7 (0.27%) WebSphere
14 6 (0.24%) Apache Pig
14 6 (0.24%) IBM HTTP Server
15 5 (0.20%) Tornado
16 4 (0.16%) Mule
Applications
1 158 (6.19%) Simulink
2 43 (1.68%) Stateflow
3 27 (1.06%) Microsoft Excel
4 18 (0.71%) Microsoft Office
5 10 (0.39%) Chatbot
5 10 (0.39%) MS Visio
5 10 (0.39%) Photoshop
6 8 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 7 (0.27%) Adobe XD
8 6 (0.24%) Adobe Illustrator
8 6 (0.24%) Figma
8 6 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
9 4 (0.16%) Adobe Premiere
9 4 (0.16%) SPSS
10 3 (0.12%) GNU Octave
10 3 (0.12%) InVision
10 3 (0.12%) Sketch
11 2 (0.078%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 1 (0.039%) CPLEX
12 1 (0.039%) Weka
Business Applications
1 11 (0.43%) Distributed Ledger
2 10 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.39%) R3 Corda
3 6 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
3 6 (0.24%) Shopify
4 4 (0.16%) MetaTrader
4 4 (0.16%) Summit
5 3 (0.12%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.039%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 1 (0.039%) SAP R/3
Cloud Services
1 584 (22.88%) AWS
2 307 (12.03%) Azure
3 268 (10.50%) GCP
4 139 (5.44%) Serverless
5 114 (4.47%) GitHub
6 84 (3.29%) OpenShift
7 77 (3.02%) Amazon SQS
8 62 (2.43%) Power Platform
9 56 (2.19%) SaaS
10 53 (2.08%) Amazon S3
11 38 (1.49%) Cloud Computing
12 33 (1.29%) Amazon SageMaker
13 32 (1.25%) Firebase
14 31 (1.21%) AWS CloudFormation
14 31 (1.21%) AWS Lambda
14 31 (1.21%) npm
15 29 (1.14%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 27 (1.06%) Amazon ECS
17 26 (1.02%) Cloud Functions
17 26 (1.02%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 87 (3.41%) HTTP
2 71 (2.78%) Kerberos
3 63 (2.47%) Wireless
4 55 (2.15%) MIMO
5 35 (1.37%) Wi-Fi
6 34 (1.33%) TCP/IP
7 33 (1.29%) 5G
8 31 (1.21%) DVB
9 29 (1.14%) 3G
10 27 (1.06%) Internet
11 26 (1.02%) LTE
12 24 (0.94%) WiMAX
13 11 (0.43%) SSH
14 10 (0.39%) MQTT
15 8 (0.31%) Multicast
16 7 (0.27%) Ethernet
17 6 (0.24%) Broadband
18 5 (0.20%) 4G
18 5 (0.20%) Firewall
19 4 (0.16%) Software-Defined Radio
Database & Business Intelligence
1 242 (9.48%) NoSQL
2 182 (7.13%) Big Data
3 161 (6.31%) Relational Database
4 136 (5.33%) PostgreSQL
5 127 (4.97%) Hadoop
6 122 (4.78%) MongoDB
7 102 (4.00%) Data Mining
8 94 (3.68%) SQL Server
9 93 (3.64%) Data Warehouse
10 91 (3.56%) MySQL
11 59 (2.31%) Redis
12 58 (2.27%) Power BI
13 54 (2.12%) Apache Cassandra
14 47 (1.84%) Tableau
15 45 (1.76%) Data Lake
16 44 (1.72%) RDBMS
17 39 (1.53%) Apache Hive
18 37 (1.45%) BigQuery
19 25 (0.98%) Blockchain
20 24 (0.94%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 466 (18.25%) Git (software)
2 224 (8.77%) Jenkins
3 115 (4.50%) GitLab
4 113 (4.43%) Maven
5 110 (4.31%) JIRA
6 83 (3.25%) Subversion
7 70 (2.74%) Mercurial
8 57 (2.23%) Octopus Deploy
9 47 (1.84%) TeamCity
10 42 (1.65%) webpack
11 40 (1.57%) Cypress.io
12 38 (1.49%) Postman
12 38 (1.49%) Selenium
13 37 (1.45%) Bitbucket
14 35 (1.37%) JMeter
15 31 (1.21%) Team Foundation Server
16 26 (1.02%) Appium
17 25 (0.98%) SonarQube
17 25 (0.98%) WebDriver
18 21 (0.82%) JUnit
General
1 767 (30.04%) Social Skills
2 506 (19.82%) Finance
3 399 (15.63%) Analytical Skills
4 206 (8.07%) Retail
5 173 (6.78%) Games
6 162 (6.35%) Marketing
7 127 (4.97%) Electronics
8 114 (4.47%) Banking
9 96 (3.76%) Automotive
10 86 (3.37%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 81 (3.17%) Manufacturing
12 76 (2.98%) Law
13 75 (2.94%) Front Office
14 71 (2.78%) Pharmaceutical
15 59 (2.31%) Presentation Skills
16 57 (2.23%) Advertising
17 56 (2.19%) Telecoms
18 54 (2.12%) Aerospace
18 54 (2.12%) Public Sector
19 46 (1.80%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 640 (25.07%) Developer
2 559 (21.90%) Software Engineer
3 244 (9.56%) Data Scientist
4 207 (8.11%) Senior Software Engineer
5 163 (6.38%) Java Developer
6 121 (4.74%) Java Engineer
7 115 (4.50%) Senior Developer
8 111 (4.35%) Data Engineer
9 101 (3.96%) Java Software Engineer
10 100 (3.92%) Full Stack Developer
11 97 (3.80%) Systems Engineer
12 95 (3.72%) Machine Learning Engineer
13 92 (3.60%) Backend Developer
14 87 (3.41%) Software Developer
15 82 (3.21%) Python Developer
16 73 (2.86%) Analyst
17 71 (2.78%) Python Engineer
18 63 (2.47%) Programmer
19 58 (2.27%) Senior Data Scientist
20 47 (1.84%) Lead Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 385 (15.08%) React
2 226 (8.85%) Web Services
3 210 (8.23%) .NET
4 197 (7.72%) Node.js
5 191 (7.48%) RESTful
6 183 (7.17%) REST
7 175 (6.85%) Pandas
8 173 (6.78%) TensorFlow
9 172 (6.74%) HTML
10 157 (6.15%) AngularJS
11 156 (6.11%) Spring
12 148 (5.80%) CSS
13 144 (5.64%) Kafka
14 139 (5.44%) scikit-learn
15 128 (5.01%) Spring Boot
16 121 (4.74%) PyTorch
17 116 (4.54%) NumPy
18 87 (3.41%) Keras
19 83 (3.25%) Swing
20 82 (3.21%) Flask
Miscellaneous
1 854 (33.45%) Data Structures
2 170 (6.66%) User Experience
3 149 (5.84%) Self-Motivation
4 92 (3.60%) Robotics
5 86 (3.37%) Virtual Team
6 84 (3.29%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
7 76 (2.98%) Life Science
8 67 (2.62%) Greenfield Project
9 59 (2.31%) Embedded Systems
10 53 (2.08%) Enterprise Software
11 46 (1.80%) Derivative
11 46 (1.80%) Hedge funds
12 45 (1.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 42 (1.65%) Augmented Reality
14 40 (1.57%) Mobile App
15 36 (1.41%) Blog
16 35 (1.37%) Cloud Native
17 34 (1.33%) Fixed Income
18 30 (1.18%) Social Media
19 26 (1.02%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 303 (11.87%) Linux
2 120 (4.70%) Unix
3 71 (2.78%) Windows
4 67 (2.62%) Apple iOS
5 65 (2.55%) Android
6 26 (1.02%) Mac OS
7 14 (0.55%) Embedded Linux
8 9 (0.35%) Mesosphere
9 8 (0.31%) Solaris
10 6 (0.24%) Robot Operating System
11 4 (0.16%) DC/OS
11 4 (0.16%) watchOS
12 3 (0.12%) FreeRTOS
12 3 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 3 (0.12%) SafeRTOS
13 1 (0.039%) CentOS
13 1 (0.039%) Mac OS X
13 1 (0.039%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,023 (40.07%) Software Engineering
2 866 (33.92%) Machine Learning
3 784 (30.71%) Agile Software Development
4 731 (28.63%) Computer Science
5 639 (25.03%) Data Science
6 522 (20.45%) Artificial Intelligence
7 465 (18.21%) Mathematics
8 440 (17.23%) Problem-Solving
9 438 (17.16%) Analytics
10 382 (14.96%) OO
11 381 (14.92%) DevOps
12 335 (13.12%) Full Stack Development
13 323 (12.65%) TDD
14 310 (12.14%) Microservices
15 291 (11.40%) Continuous Integration
16 238 (9.32%) Statistics
16 238 (9.32%) Test Automation
17 221 (8.66%) Natural Language Processing
18 214 (8.38%) OOP
19 200 (7.83%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 1,258 (49.28%) Python
2 827 (32.39%) Java
3 687 (26.91%) SQL
4 555 (21.74%) C++
5 499 (19.55%) JavaScript
6 344 (13.47%) C
7 286 (11.20%) C#
8 259 (10.14%) MATLAB
9 188 (7.36%) Go
10 175 (6.85%) TypeScript
11 155 (6.07%) Java 8
12 126 (4.94%) R
13 101 (3.96%) PHP
14 99 (3.88%) Bash Shell
15 97 (3.80%) Scala
16 61 (2.39%) Kotlin
17 55 (2.15%) ES6
18 50 (1.96%) Ruby
19 48 (1.88%) PowerShell
20 43 (1.68%) Rust
Qualifications
1 859 (33.65%) Degree
2 242 (9.48%) Computer Science Degree
2 242 (9.48%) PhD
3 88 (3.45%) Master's Degree
4 62 (2.43%) HND
5 41 (1.61%) Numerate Degree
6 35 (1.37%) Microsoft Certification
7 33 (1.29%) Security Cleared
8 9 (0.35%) AWS Certification
8 9 (0.35%) Postgraduate
9 8 (0.31%) MCSA
10 7 (0.27%) SC Cleared
11 2 (0.078%) CFA
11 2 (0.078%) TOGAF Certification
12 1 (0.039%) BC Cleared
12 1 (0.039%) DBS Check
12 1 (0.039%) DV Cleared
12 1 (0.039%) PMI Certification
12 1 (0.039%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 109 (4.27%) QA
2 38 (1.49%) Accessibility
3 36 (1.41%) Data Quality
4 22 (0.86%) GRC
5 16 (0.63%) GxP
5 16 (0.63%) ISO 9001
6 12 (0.47%) GDPR
7 10 (0.39%) ISO 26262
8 7 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 7 (0.27%) MISRA
9 5 (0.20%) Actionable Recommendations
9 5 (0.20%) Cyber Essentials
9 5 (0.20%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 5 (0.20%) GLP
9 5 (0.20%) GMP
9 5 (0.20%) Good Clinical Practice
9 5 (0.20%) NIST
10 3 (0.12%) IEC 62304
10 3 (0.12%) ISO 13485
11 2 (0.078%) WCAG
System Software
1 522 (20.45%) Docker
2 47 (1.84%) Firmware
3 27 (1.06%) Active Directory
4 11 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 11 (0.43%) etcd
5 3 (0.12%) HDFS
5 3 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.078%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.039%) NFS
Systems Management
1 459 (17.98%) Kubernetes
2 125 (4.90%) Terraform
3 115 (4.50%) Ansible
4 47 (1.84%) Prometheus
5 46 (1.80%) Grafana
6 40 (1.57%) Opscode Chef
7 34 (1.33%) Puppet
8 31 (1.21%) Kibana
8 31 (1.21%) logstash
9 16 (0.63%) Kubeflow
10 11 (0.43%) Consul
11 9 (0.35%) Automic
12 8 (0.31%) Istio
13 6 (0.24%) Mesos
14 5 (0.20%) Opsview
15 4 (0.16%) Apache Brooklyn
15 4 (0.16%) HAProxy
15 4 (0.16%) Marathon
15 4 (0.16%) Pingdom
15 4 (0.16%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 199 (7.79%) Google
2 118 (4.62%) Microsoft
3 97 (3.80%) Oracle
4 36 (1.41%) Facebook
5 31 (1.21%) YouTube
6 29 (1.14%) SAP
7 26 (1.02%) Gemalto
8 24 (0.94%) Xilinx
9 23 (0.90%) Alibaba
10 21 (0.82%) Atlassian
10 21 (0.82%) Instagram
10 21 (0.82%) MathWorks
10 21 (0.82%) OpenAI
10 21 (0.82%) Samsung
11 20 (0.78%) IBM
12 19 (0.74%) Databricks
13 17 (0.67%) Greenplum
14 16 (0.63%) Adobe
14 16 (0.63%) Altera
14 16 (0.63%) Apple