Period
to 23 April 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Algorithms in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Algorithms over the 6 months to 23 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Algorithms
UK
6 months to
23 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 304 299 285
Rank change year-on-year -5 -14 +30
Contract jobs citing Algorithms 427 445 907
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.79% 0.79% 0.95%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.34% 2.43% 2.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 249 249 564
10th Percentile £381 £358 £375
25th Percentile £438 £413 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £550
75th Percentile £641 £658 £638
90th Percentile £738 £750 £750
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £430 £450
% change year-on-year +10.47% -4.44% +3.21%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 17 15
10th Percentile £26.93 £22.37 £9.65
25th Percentile £28.80 £33.25 £13.20
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.50 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year -2.30% +2.35% +3.03%
75th Percentile £53.75 £47.50 £50.75
90th Percentile £59.75 £57.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £43.50 £30.69
% change year-on-year +9.20% +41.76% +1.09%

Algorithms is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 18,255 18,347 31,045
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.74% 32.66% 32.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,227 11,794 20,492
10th Percentile £270 £225 £275
25th Percentile £381 £363 £369
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £488 £466 £475
Median % change year-on-year +4.61% -1.89% +5.56%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £575
90th Percentile £691 £675 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 740 836 997
10th Percentile £12.02 £12.68 £11.75
25th Percentile £16.00 £16.25 £14.05
Median hourly rate £25.00 £22.50 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +9.76% -
75th Percentile £46.00 £44.75 £43.00
90th Percentile £58.00 £53.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.49 £20.50 £18.75
% change year-on-year +14.56% +9.33% -3.85%

Algorithms
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Algorithms as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Algorithms in the UK

Algorithms
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Algorithms.

Daily rate trend for Algorithms in the UK

Algorithms
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Algorithms over the 6 months to 23 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Algorithms in the UK

Algorithms
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Algorithms.

Hourly rate trend for Algorithms in the UK

Algorithms
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Algorithms over the 6 months to 23 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Algorithms in the UK

Algorithms
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Algorithms within the UK over the 6 months to 23 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +23 389 £574 +4.36% 341
London +9 276 £600 +2.13% 173
UK excluding London +25 100 £475 +10.47% 186
Work from Home -184 85 £500 -2.44% 78
South East +58 52 £494 +9.72% 65
Midlands +32 16 £475 +2.70% 30
East of England +32 15 £613 +64.43% 28
West Midlands +26 11 £414 -10.54% 17
Scotland +6 7 £425 +28.79% 13
East Midlands +22 5 £475 +35.71% 13
South West +30 4 £438 +1.74% 21
North West +18 4 £588 +30.56% 11
North of England +18 4 £588 +42.42% 24
Wales +11 2 £329 +9.58% 4

For the 6 months to 23 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Algorithms also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Algorithms.

1 185 (43.33%) Python
2 159 (37.24%) Data Structures
3 153 (35.83%) Agile Software Development
4 127 (29.74%) Machine Learning
5 119 (27.87%) SQL
6 112 (26.23%) Azure
6 112 (26.23%) Data Science
7 111 (26.00%) AWS
8 110 (25.76%) Analytical Skills
9 106 (24.82%) Computer Science
10 104 (24.36%) Java
10 104 (24.36%) Finance
11 101 (23.65%) C++
12 99 (23.19%) Problem-Solving
13 94 (22.01%) Linux
14 83 (19.44%) Software Engineering
15 71 (16.63%) Mathematics
16 64 (14.99%) Analytics
16 64 (14.99%) Apache Spark
17 63 (14.75%) Degree
17 63 (14.75%) Artificial Intelligence
18 58 (13.58%) TDD
19 56 (13.11%) DevOps
20 55 (12.88%) C#
21 52 (12.18%) .NET
22 48 (11.24%) HTML
22 48 (11.24%) Git (software)
22 48 (11.24%) Test Automation
23 47 (11.01%) OO
24 46 (10.77%) Scala

Algorithms
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 64 (14.99%) Apache Spark
2 23 (5.39%) Apache Airflow
3 17 (3.98%) Apache
4 12 (2.81%) Elasticsearch
5 8 (1.87%) DNN
6 7 (1.64%) Confluence
6 7 (1.64%) Jupyter
6 7 (1.64%) Tomcat
7 5 (1.17%) Apache Qpid
8 4 (0.94%) IIS
8 4 (0.94%) SAS
8 4 (0.94%) SharePoint
9 3 (0.70%) SharePoint 2013
10 2 (0.47%) CMS
10 2 (0.47%) nginx
11 1 (0.23%) Apache Pig
11 1 (0.23%) Apache Solr
11 1 (0.23%) JBoss
11 1 (0.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 1 (0.23%) WordPress
Applications
1 10 (2.34%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (1.64%) Simulink
3 6 (1.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (1.17%) Stateflow
5 2 (0.47%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.23%) Doxygen
Business Applications
1 2 (0.47%) SAP IS-U
2 1 (0.23%) SAP CRM
2 1 (0.23%) SAP ERP
2 1 (0.23%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 112 (26.23%) Azure
2 111 (26.00%) AWS
3 31 (7.26%) GitHub
4 27 (6.32%) GCP
5 26 (6.09%) Serverless
6 22 (5.15%) AWS CloudFormation
7 14 (3.28%) Heroku
8 13 (3.04%) Amazon S3
9 12 (2.81%) Azure Functions
10 11 (2.58%) Amazon EMR
10 11 (2.58%) Amazon Kinesis
11 8 (1.87%) Azure Data Factory
12 7 (1.64%) Amazon SageMaker
12 7 (1.64%) Azure Machine Learning
13 6 (1.41%) AWS Lambda
14 5 (1.17%) IaaS
14 5 (1.17%) PaaS
14 5 (1.17%) Power Platform
15 4 (0.94%) Azure Synapse Analytics
15 4 (0.94%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 15 (3.51%) HTTP
2 9 (2.11%) SSL
2 9 (2.11%) TCP/IP
3 6 (1.41%) Internet
3 6 (1.41%) Wireless
4 5 (1.17%) DNS
4 5 (1.17%) SSH
5 4 (0.94%) Firewall
6 3 (0.70%) BIG-IP
7 2 (0.47%) Broadband
7 2 (0.47%) ICMP
7 2 (0.47%) Wireshark
8 1 (0.23%) 3GPP
8 1 (0.23%) 4G
8 1 (0.23%) LTE
8 1 (0.23%) MIMO
8 1 (0.23%) Network Security
8 1 (0.23%) Radio Access Network
8 1 (0.23%) VPN
8 1 (0.23%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (10.07%) Big Data
2 40 (9.37%) SQL Server
3 38 (8.90%) NoSQL
4 31 (7.26%) Data Warehouse
5 29 (6.79%) Data Lake
6 22 (5.15%) Data Mining
7 17 (3.98%) Hadoop
8 15 (3.51%) Redis
9 14 (3.28%) PostgreSQL
10 13 (3.04%) Apache Hive
10 13 (3.04%) Parquet
11 12 (2.81%) Amazon Athena
12 11 (2.58%) Snowflake Schema
13 10 (2.34%) Impala
13 10 (2.34%) MySQL
13 10 (2.34%) Relational Database
14 9 (2.11%) MongoDB
15 8 (1.87%) Hazelcast
16 7 (1.64%) Apache Cassandra
16 7 (1.64%) HBase
Development Applications
1 48 (11.24%) Git (software)
2 35 (8.20%) JIRA
3 21 (4.92%) Jenkins
4 18 (4.22%) JUnit
5 17 (3.98%) webpack
6 15 (3.51%) GitLab
7 14 (3.28%) git-flow
8 13 (3.04%) Gradle
9 12 (2.81%) Maven
10 9 (2.11%) CMake
10 9 (2.11%) Jasmine
11 8 (1.87%) Karma Test Runner
11 8 (1.87%) NUnit
11 8 (1.87%) TeamCity
12 6 (1.41%) Bitbucket
12 6 (1.41%) IntelliJ
12 6 (1.41%) MLflow
12 6 (1.41%) Subversion
13 5 (1.17%) Mockito
13 5 (1.17%) Moq
General
1 104 (24.36%) Finance
2 44 (10.30%) Banking
3 33 (7.73%) Front Office
4 24 (5.62%) Retail
5 22 (5.15%) Investment Banking
6 18 (4.22%) Marketing
7 15 (3.51%) Public Sector
8 14 (3.28%) Telecoms
9 7 (1.64%) Games
9 7 (1.64%) Manufacturing
10 5 (1.17%) Pharmaceutical
11 4 (0.94%) Law
11 4 (0.94%) Private Banking
12 3 (0.70%) Financial Institution
12 3 (0.70%) Local Government
13 2 (0.47%) Electronics
14 1 (0.23%) Back Office
14 1 (0.23%) German Language
14 1 (0.23%) Legal
14 1 (0.23%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 189 (44.26%) Developer
2 62 (14.52%) Data Scientist
3 51 (11.94%) Java Developer
4 34 (7.96%) Senior Developer
5 32 (7.49%) Data Engineer
6 31 (7.26%) C# Developer
7 26 (6.09%) Quantitative Developer
8 25 (5.85%) Senior Data Scientist
9 24 (5.62%) C++ Developer
9 24 (5.62%) Python Developer
10 22 (5.15%) Software Engineer
11 20 (4.68%) C# Quant Developer
12 19 (4.45%) Python Engineer
13 18 (4.22%) Consultant
14 17 (3.98%) Full Stack Developer
14 17 (3.98%) React Developer
15 16 (3.75%) Senior Java Developer
16 13 (3.04%) .NET Developer
17 12 (2.81%) Architect
18 11 (2.58%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 52 (12.18%) .NET
2 48 (11.24%) HTML
3 44 (10.30%) Kafka
4 36 (8.43%) .NET Core
4 36 (8.43%) Web Services
5 33 (7.73%) React
6 31 (7.26%) TensorFlow
7 28 (6.56%) PyTorch
8 27 (6.32%) CSS
8 27 (6.32%) GraphQL
9 26 (6.09%) REST
10 25 (5.85%) NumPy
10 25 (5.85%) Spring
11 24 (5.62%) AngularJS
11 24 (5.62%) RESTful
12 20 (4.68%) FIX Protocol
12 20 (4.68%) Keras
12 20 (4.68%) Node.js
12 20 (4.68%) Pandas
13 18 (4.22%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 159 (37.24%) Data Structures
2 110 (25.76%) Analytical Skills
3 37 (8.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 30 (7.03%) User Experience
5 27 (6.32%) Enterprise Software
6 23 (5.39%) Fixed Income
7 21 (4.92%) Self-Motivation
8 20 (4.68%) Hedge funds
9 13 (3.04%) PKI
10 12 (2.81%) CUDA
11 11 (2.58%) Cloud Native
12 10 (2.34%) Derivative
13 9 (2.11%) Analytical Mindset
13 9 (2.11%) Management Information System
13 9 (2.11%) Social Media
14 8 (1.87%) Greenfield Project
15 7 (1.64%) Augmented Reality
15 7 (1.64%) Equities
15 7 (1.64%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
16 6 (1.41%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 94 (22.01%) Linux
2 23 (5.39%) Unix
2 23 (5.39%) Windows
3 17 (3.98%) Android
4 8 (1.87%) Apple iOS
5 4 (0.94%) Mac OS
6 3 (0.70%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.23%) AIX
7 1 (0.23%) CentOS
7 1 (0.23%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 153 (35.83%) Agile Software Development
2 127 (29.74%) Machine Learning
3 112 (26.23%) Data Science
4 106 (24.82%) Computer Science
5 99 (23.19%) Problem-Solving
6 83 (19.44%) Software Engineering
7 71 (16.63%) Mathematics
8 64 (14.99%) Analytics
9 63 (14.75%) Artificial Intelligence
10 58 (13.58%) TDD
11 56 (13.11%) DevOps
12 48 (11.24%) Test Automation
13 47 (11.01%) OO
14 41 (9.60%) Data Analysis
15 40 (9.37%) Low Latency
15 40 (9.37%) Multithreading
16 39 (9.13%) Scrum
17 37 (8.67%) Data Modelling
17 37 (8.67%) OOD
17 37 (8.67%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 185 (43.33%) Python
2 119 (27.87%) SQL
3 104 (24.36%) Java
4 101 (23.65%) C++
5 55 (12.88%) C#
6 46 (10.77%) Scala
7 43 (10.07%) JavaScript
8 39 (9.13%) R
9 28 (6.56%) TypeScript
10 26 (6.09%) Java 8
11 20 (4.68%) C
12 19 (4.45%) Bash Shell
13 16 (3.75%) ES6
13 16 (3.75%) Go
14 14 (3.28%) PowerShell
15 12 (2.81%) PL/SQL
16 10 (2.34%) MATLAB
17 8 (1.87%) Haskell
18 6 (1.41%) Rust
18 6 (1.41%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 63 (14.75%) Degree
2 26 (6.09%) Master's Degree
3 24 (5.62%) Security Cleared
4 20 (4.68%) SC Cleared
5 18 (4.22%) PhD
6 16 (3.75%) Computer Science Degree
7 6 (1.41%) Numerate Degree
8 4 (0.94%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.47%) AWS Certification
9 2 (0.47%) MCTS
9 2 (0.47%) Microsoft Certification
10 1 (0.23%) BPSS Clearance
10 1 (0.23%) CISSP
10 1 (0.23%) ISEB
10 1 (0.23%) ISTQB
10 1 (0.23%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.23%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (6.09%) QA
2 14 (3.28%) Data Quality
3 2 (0.47%) Dodd-Frank
3 2 (0.47%) MiFID
4 1 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.23%) GDPR
4 1 (0.23%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.23%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 35 (8.20%) Docker
2 4 (0.94%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.23%) Ceph
3 1 (0.23%) Firmware
3 1 (0.23%) IAG
Systems Management
1 42 (9.84%) Kubernetes
2 34 (7.96%) Terraform
3 3 (0.70%) Ansible
3 3 (0.70%) Kibana
3 3 (0.70%) Opscode Chef
4 2 (0.47%) Iperf
4 2 (0.47%) Istio
4 2 (0.47%) linkerd
5 1 (0.23%) CASB
5 1 (0.23%) Hadoop YARN
5 1 (0.23%) HP ALM
5 1 (0.23%) Puppet
5 1 (0.23%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 34 (7.96%) Oracle
2 23 (5.39%) Microsoft
3 18 (4.22%) Google
4 13 (3.04%) Databricks
5 9 (2.11%) Salesforce.com
6 7 (1.64%) Sage
7 5 (1.17%) CA
7 5 (1.17%) SAP
8 4 (0.94%) Atlassian
8 4 (0.94%) Cisco
8 4 (0.94%) Intel
8 4 (0.94%) ION Trading
8 4 (0.94%) Xilinx
9 3 (0.70%) Alteryx
9 3 (0.70%) F5
9 3 (0.70%) IBM
9 3 (0.70%) Kofax
9 3 (0.70%) SnapLogic
10 2 (0.47%) Mapbox
10 2 (0.47%) Solace