Period
to 19 September 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Algorithms in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Algorithms over the 6 months to 19 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Algorithms
UK
6 months to
19 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 303 285 335
Rank change year-on-year -18 +50 -31
Contract jobs citing Algorithms 670 248 715
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.85% 0.84% 0.80%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.87% 2.67% 2.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 359 149 489
10th Percentile £400 £322 £400
25th Percentile £491 £385 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £613 £500 £538
Median % change year-on-year +22.50% -6.98% +2.38%
75th Percentile £738 £650 £638
90th Percentile £803 £750 £710
UK excluding London median daily rate £492 £430 £450
% change year-on-year +14.42% -4.44% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 9 27
10th Percentile £25.50 £37.49 £9.50
25th Percentile £34.33 £37.75 £9.65
Median hourly rate £47.50 £46.50 £43.00
Median % change year-on-year +2.15% +8.14% +91.11%
75th Percentile £53.38 £50.00 £50.00
90th Percentile £55.69 £52.56 £52.87
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £48.75 £9.80
% change year-on-year -7.69% +397.45% -47.73%

Algorithms is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 23,347 9,279 25,695
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.75% 31.40% 28.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,210 6,225 16,844
10th Percentile £306 £269 £275
25th Percentile £413 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £513 £495 £475
Median % change year-on-year +3.54% +4.21% -
75th Percentile £625 £613 £575
90th Percentile £713 £725 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 680 329 870
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.47 £11.63
25th Percentile £15.04 £17.25 £14.25
Median hourly rate £25.00 £27.00 £20.86
Median % change year-on-year -7.41% +29.47% -0.69%
75th Percentile £49.52 £46.00 £47.25
90th Percentile £65.00 £57.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.20 £23.70 £19.11
% change year-on-year -10.55% +24.05% -4.48%

Algorithms
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Algorithms as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Algorithms in the UK

Algorithms
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Algorithms.

Daily rate trend for Algorithms in the UK

Algorithms
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Algorithms over the 6 months to 19 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Algorithms in the UK

Algorithms
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Algorithms.

Hourly rate trend for Algorithms in the UK

Algorithms
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Algorithms over the 6 months to 19 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Algorithms in the UK

Algorithms
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Algorithms within the UK over the 6 months to 19 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 605 £625 +23.76% 406
London -3 462 £650 +13.04% 212
UK excluding London -79 133 £492 +14.42% 213
Work from Home -151 125 £550 +10.00% 102
South East -45 58 £500 +5.26% 54
South West -22 28 £490 +7.69% 24
East of England -42 16 £638 +37.84% 44
Midlands -66 11 £450 -21.74% 29
West Midlands -53 10 £425 - 15
Scotland -65 9 £475 +11.76% 11
North of England -76 7 £448 +19.33% 42
North West -56 5 £436 +16.33% 29
Wales -21 4 £515 +261.40% 4
East Midlands -40 1 £475 -17.39% 13
Yorkshire - 1 - - 9
North East - 1 £600 - 4

For the 6 months to 19 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Algorithms also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Algorithms.

1 286 (42.69%) Python
2 240 (35.82%) Java
3 223 (33.28%) Data Structures
4 222 (33.13%) Agile Software Development
5 201 (30.00%) SQL
6 183 (27.31%) Machine Learning
7 181 (27.01%) Finance
8 175 (26.12%) Data Science
9 169 (25.22%) Analytical Skills
10 158 (23.58%) Social Skills
11 152 (22.69%) Analytics
11 152 (22.69%) Linux
12 147 (21.94%) AWS
13 145 (21.64%) Problem-Solving
14 135 (20.15%) Software Engineering
15 132 (19.70%) Degree
16 122 (18.21%) Mathematics
17 120 (17.91%) Computer Science
18 118 (17.61%) Azure
19 108 (16.12%) Banking
20 104 (15.52%) Test Automation
21 99 (14.78%) Multithreading
21 99 (14.78%) Scala
22 97 (14.48%) JavaScript
23 95 (14.18%) Artificial Intelligence
24 93 (13.88%) Scrum
25 92 (13.73%) Docker
26 90 (13.43%) C++
27 89 (13.28%) Git (software)
27 89 (13.28%) R

Algorithms
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 59 (8.81%) Apache Spark
2 21 (3.13%) Jupyter
3 18 (2.69%) Tomcat
4 16 (2.39%) Apache
5 15 (2.24%) Elasticsearch
6 13 (1.94%) Oracle Workflow
7 10 (1.49%) GemFire
8 9 (1.34%) Confluence
8 9 (1.34%) SAS
9 7 (1.04%) Apache Airflow
10 5 (0.75%) nginx
10 5 (0.75%) OpenStack
11 4 (0.60%) CMS
12 3 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 2 (0.30%) Apache Pig
13 2 (0.30%) Apache Qpid
13 2 (0.30%) IIS
13 2 (0.30%) JBoss
14 1 (0.15%) ArcGIS
14 1 (0.15%) SharePoint
Applications
1 24 (3.58%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (3.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 13 (1.94%) Simulink
4 12 (1.79%) Stateflow
5 9 (1.34%) Microsoft Office
6 3 (0.45%) CPLEX
7 1 (0.15%) SPSS
7 1 (0.15%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 2 (0.30%) SAP R/3
2 1 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
2 1 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.15%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
2 1 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 1 (0.15%) Towers Watson Igloo
2 1 (0.15%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 147 (21.94%) AWS
2 118 (17.61%) Azure
3 42 (6.27%) GCP
4 33 (4.93%) Serverless
5 31 (4.63%) GitHub
6 20 (2.99%) Azure Data Factory
7 17 (2.54%) Azure Functions
7 17 (2.54%) Power Platform
8 14 (2.09%) OpenShift
9 13 (1.94%) AWS CloudFormation
10 12 (1.79%) Azure Machine Learning
11 10 (1.49%) SaaS
12 9 (1.34%) Amazon S3
12 9 (1.34%) AWS Lambda
13 7 (1.04%) Google Analytics
13 7 (1.04%) Heroku
14 6 (0.90%) GitHub Actions
15 5 (0.75%) WhatsApp
16 4 (0.60%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 4 (0.60%) Google Data Studio
Communications & Networking
1 37 (5.52%) TCP/IP
2 30 (4.48%) SSL
3 14 (2.09%) HTTP
3 14 (2.09%) Internet
4 13 (1.94%) FIX Connectivity
5 11 (1.64%) DNS
6 8 (1.19%) Bluetooth
6 8 (1.19%) MQTT
7 7 (1.04%) WAN
8 6 (0.90%) 5G
8 6 (0.90%) Firewall
8 6 (0.90%) Kerberos
8 6 (0.90%) Wireless
9 5 (0.75%) DHCP
9 5 (0.75%) ICMP
9 5 (0.75%) IPv4
9 5 (0.75%) IPv6
9 5 (0.75%) VPN
9 5 (0.75%) Wireshark
9 5 (0.75%) Z-Wave
Database & Business Intelligence
1 66 (9.85%) NoSQL
2 52 (7.76%) SQL Server
3 48 (7.16%) Big Data
4 45 (6.72%) Redis
5 37 (5.52%) Data Warehouse
6 36 (5.37%) Relational Database
7 31 (4.63%) MongoDB
8 30 (4.48%) Hazelcast
9 26 (3.88%) Data Mining
10 23 (3.43%) Apache Hive
11 22 (3.28%) Apache Cassandra
12 21 (3.13%) Hadoop
13 20 (2.99%) Metadata
14 19 (2.84%) Data Lake
15 18 (2.69%) Tableau
16 17 (2.54%) Power BI
17 16 (2.39%) QlikView
18 11 (1.64%) Impala
18 11 (1.64%) PostgreSQL
18 11 (1.64%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 89 (13.28%) Git (software)
2 61 (9.10%) Jenkins
3 44 (6.57%) Maven
4 39 (5.82%) JUnit
5 33 (4.93%) JIRA
6 20 (2.99%) webpack
7 17 (2.54%) Gradle
8 16 (2.39%) Mockito
9 12 (1.79%) Cucumber
10 10 (1.49%) JMeter
10 10 (1.49%) TestNG
11 9 (1.34%) MLflow
11 9 (1.34%) Selenium
12 8 (1.19%) EasyMock
12 8 (1.19%) git-flow
12 8 (1.19%) Jasmine
12 8 (1.19%) TeamCity
13 7 (1.04%) GitLab
13 7 (1.04%) IntelliJ
14 6 (0.90%) gulp
General
1 181 (27.01%) Finance
2 169 (25.22%) Analytical Skills
3 158 (23.58%) Social Skills
4 108 (16.12%) Banking
5 82 (12.24%) Front Office
6 64 (9.55%) Investment Banking
7 43 (6.42%) Public Sector
8 41 (6.12%) Presentation Skills
9 40 (5.97%) Marketing
10 16 (2.39%) Retail
11 15 (2.24%) Telecoms
12 12 (1.79%) Back Office
13 11 (1.64%) Electronics
14 10 (1.49%) Financial Institution
14 10 (1.49%) Manufacturing
15 8 (1.19%) Law
16 7 (1.04%) Aerospace
16 7 (1.04%) Organisational Skills
17 4 (0.60%) Legal
17 4 (0.60%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 291 (43.43%) Developer
2 139 (20.75%) Java Developer
3 106 (15.82%) Data Scientist
4 72 (10.75%) Senior Developer
5 57 (8.51%) Senior Java Developer
6 56 (8.36%) Data Engineer
7 33 (4.93%) Software Engineer
8 28 (4.18%) Architect
9 25 (3.73%) Full Stack Developer
10 24 (3.58%) Front Office Developer
11 23 (3.43%) Analyst
11 23 (3.43%) Quantitative Developer
11 23 (3.43%) Scala Developer
12 19 (2.84%) Python Developer
13 18 (2.69%) C++ Developer
14 17 (2.54%) Consultant
14 17 (2.54%) Machine Learning Engineer
15 16 (2.39%) Electronic Trading Developer
15 16 (2.39%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
16 15 (2.24%) Senior Data Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 73 (10.90%) Spring
2 68 (10.15%) Kafka
3 67 (10.00%) RESTful
4 64 (9.55%) HTML
5 55 (8.21%) Spring Boot
6 51 (7.61%) CSS
7 46 (6.87%) React
7 46 (6.87%) REST
8 39 (5.82%) AngularJS
9 33 (4.93%) GraphQL
10 31 (4.63%) Node.js
10 31 (4.63%) Pandas
11 30 (4.48%) FIX Protocol
11 30 (4.48%) Memcached
12 27 (4.03%) .NET
12 27 (4.03%) TensorFlow
13 25 (3.73%) Web Services
14 24 (3.58%) NumPy
14 24 (3.58%) scikit-learn
15 21 (3.13%) PyTorch
Miscellaneous
1 223 (33.28%) Data Structures
2 73 (10.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 62 (9.25%) Fixed Income
4 50 (7.46%) Derivative
5 26 (3.88%) User Experience
6 24 (3.58%) Social Media
7 23 (3.43%) Equities
8 19 (2.84%) Enterprise Software
8 19 (2.84%) Management Information System
9 16 (2.39%) Self-Motivation
10 14 (2.09%) Clustering
11 10 (1.49%) Data Protection Act
11 10 (1.49%) Tandem
12 9 (1.34%) Cloud Native
12 9 (1.34%) Hedge funds
12 9 (1.34%) N-Tier
13 8 (1.19%) PKI
14 7 (1.04%) Greenfield Project
14 7 (1.04%) Public Cloud
15 5 (0.75%) Linked Data
Operating Systems
1 152 (22.69%) Linux
2 50 (7.46%) Unix
3 22 (3.28%) Windows
4 12 (1.79%) Android
5 11 (1.64%) Apple iOS
6 6 (0.90%) Embedded Linux
7 3 (0.45%) VMS
8 1 (0.15%) CentOS
8 1 (0.15%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.15%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 222 (33.13%) Agile Software Development
2 183 (27.31%) Machine Learning
3 175 (26.12%) Data Science
4 152 (22.69%) Analytics
5 145 (21.64%) Problem-Solving
6 135 (20.15%) Software Engineering
7 122 (18.21%) Mathematics
8 120 (17.91%) Computer Science
9 104 (15.52%) Test Automation
10 99 (14.78%) Multithreading
11 95 (14.18%) Artificial Intelligence
12 93 (13.88%) Scrum
13 85 (12.69%) Visualisation
14 83 (12.39%) OO
15 76 (11.34%) DevOps
15 76 (11.34%) Statistics
16 71 (10.60%) Microservices
17 69 (10.30%) API Design
17 69 (10.30%) TDD
18 68 (10.15%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 286 (42.69%) Python
2 240 (35.82%) Java
3 201 (30.00%) SQL
4 99 (14.78%) Scala
5 97 (14.48%) JavaScript
6 90 (13.43%) C++
7 89 (13.28%) R
8 84 (12.54%) Java 8
9 41 (6.12%) TypeScript
10 36 (5.37%) PL/SQL
11 31 (4.63%) C#
12 30 (4.48%) Haskell
13 25 (3.73%) C
14 23 (3.43%) Go
15 22 (3.28%) MATLAB
16 20 (2.99%) VBA
17 14 (2.09%) Bash Shell
18 13 (1.94%) ES6
19 12 (1.79%) Java 11
20 10 (1.49%) Java 9
Qualifications
1 132 (19.70%) Degree
2 48 (7.16%) Security Cleared
3 40 (5.97%) SC Cleared
4 31 (4.63%) PhD
5 27 (4.03%) Master's Degree
6 24 (3.58%) Computer Science Degree
7 16 (2.39%) Numerate Degree
8 5 (0.75%) Cisco Certification
8 5 (0.75%) DBS Check
9 4 (0.60%) AWS Certification
9 4 (0.60%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.60%) CCNA
10 3 (0.45%) TOGAF Certification
11 2 (0.30%) BC Cleared
11 2 (0.30%) ISEB
12 1 (0.15%) CCNP
12 1 (0.15%) CCVP
12 1 (0.15%) HNC
12 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
12 1 (0.15%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (4.33%) QA
2 28 (4.18%) Data Quality
3 18 (2.69%) Accessibility
4 3 (0.45%) GDPR
4 3 (0.45%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.30%) SNOMED CT
6 1 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.15%) PMO
6 1 (0.15%) SLA
6 1 (0.15%) WCAG
System Software
1 92 (13.73%) Docker
2 4 (0.60%) iptables
2 4 (0.60%) KVM
2 4 (0.60%) Xen
3 3 (0.45%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.15%) Firmware
4 1 (0.15%) HDFS
4 1 (0.15%) IAG
4 1 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 74 (11.04%) Kubernetes
2 35 (5.22%) Terraform
3 17 (2.54%) Ansible
4 13 (1.94%) Kibana
5 9 (1.34%) Graphite
5 9 (1.34%) logstash
6 7 (1.04%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (1.04%) Puppet
7 6 (0.90%) Kubeflow
8 5 (0.75%) Iperf
8 5 (0.75%) Istio
9 4 (0.60%) Mesos
9 4 (0.60%) Packer
10 3 (0.45%) Opsgenie
11 2 (0.30%) Grafana
11 2 (0.30%) HP ALM
12 1 (0.15%) Hadoop YARN
12 1 (0.15%) linkerd
12 1 (0.15%) Oozie
12 1 (0.15%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 82 (12.24%) Oracle
2 28 (4.18%) Google
3 25 (3.73%) Salesforce.com
4 24 (3.58%) Microsoft
5 22 (3.28%) Alteryx
6 15 (2.24%) Databricks
7 14 (2.09%) ION Trading
8 9 (1.34%) New Relic
9 7 (1.04%) Apple
9 7 (1.04%) SAP
10 6 (0.90%) Cisco
10 6 (0.90%) Facebook
10 6 (0.90%) Splunk
11 5 (0.75%) Adobe
11 5 (0.75%) Dynatrace
11 5 (0.75%) PagerDuty
11 5 (0.75%) TOWER Software
11 5 (0.75%) YouTube
12 4 (0.60%) MathWorks
12 4 (0.60%) StreamSets