Period
to 6 December 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Algorithms in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Algorithms over the 6 months to 6 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Algorithms
UK
6 months to
6 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 313 296 342
Rank change year-on-year -17 +46 +63
Contract jobs citing Algorithms 653 921 775
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.80% 0.88% 0.75%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.58% 2.72% 2.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 442 551 543
UK median daily rate £538 £550 £538
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.27% +2.33% +6.44%
10th Percentile £371 £381 £350
90th Percentile £710 £713 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £410
% change year-on-year +2.86% +6.71% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 15 18
UK median hourly rate £19.18 £38.29 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -49.90% -7.75% +1.84%
10th Percentile £9.50 £8.00 £12.95
90th Percentile £44.75 £51.25 £54.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £34.50 £38.29 £40.00
% change year-on-year -9.89% -4.29% -1.84%

Algorithms is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 25,354 33,802 34,508
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.11% 32.24% 33.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,068 22,091 22,749
UK median daily rate £463 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.63% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £256 £275 £260
90th Percentile £669 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,057 1,071 1,035
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £20.00 £20.21
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.50% -1.04% +1.05%
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.00 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £49.23 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.63 £19.00 £19.66
% change year-on-year +19.08% -3.36% -1.70%

Algorithms
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Algorithms as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Algorithms in the UK

Algorithms
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Algorithms.

Contractor daily rate trend for Algorithms in the UK

Algorithms
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Algorithms over the 6 months to 6 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Algorithms in the UK

Algorithms
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Algorithms.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Algorithms in the UK

Algorithms
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Algorithms over the 6 months to 6 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Algorithms in the UK

Algorithms
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Algorithms within the UK over the 6 months to 6 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 632 £546 -0.68% 468
London -22 418 £550 - 250
UK excluding London +47 231 £450 +2.86% 240
South East +32 94 £450 -6.25% 80
East of England +59 58 £600 - 53
North of England +27 28 £400 -9.60% 29
South West -2 20 £425 -15.00% 25
North West +13 17 £375 - 17
Midlands +42 13 £300 -31.43% 32
Yorkshire +33 11 £450 -5.26% 8
Scotland +8 10 £325 - 19
East Midlands +33 7 £275 -27.63% 18
West Midlands +28 6 £463 +5.71% 14
Wales - 6 £313 -
Northern Ireland +2 2 £433 - 3

For the 6 months to 6 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Algorithms also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Algorithms.

1 324 (49.62%) Python
2 267 (40.89%) Data Science
3 234 (35.83%) Machine Learning
4 217 (33.23%) Agile Software Development
5 191 (29.25%) Java
6 189 (28.94%) Computer Science
7 184 (28.18%) SQL
8 152 (23.28%) Data Structures
9 146 (22.36%) Analytics
10 135 (20.67%) Mathematics
11 130 (19.91%) Software Engineering
12 126 (19.30%) Degree
13 125 (19.14%) AWS
14 124 (18.99%) Analytical Skills
15 123 (18.84%) Problem-Solving
16 122 (18.68%) Finance
17 120 (18.38%) Artificial Intelligence
18 115 (17.61%) OO
19 110 (16.85%) TDD
20 109 (16.69%) Hadoop
20 109 (16.69%) Big Data
21 99 (15.16%) Apache Spark
22 91 (13.94%) Docker
22 91 (13.94%) JavaScript
23 90 (13.78%) PhD
24 89 (13.63%) R
25 88 (13.48%) Microservices
26 87 (13.32%) Git (software)
27 85 (13.02%) Visualisation
28 83 (12.71%) C++

Algorithms
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 99 (15.16%) Apache Spark
2 38 (5.82%) Elasticsearch
3 28 (4.29%) Apache
4 21 (3.22%) Jupyter
5 9 (1.38%) Apache Airflow
5 9 (1.38%) SAS
6 7 (1.07%) SharePoint
7 5 (0.77%) Confluence
7 5 (0.77%) DNN
8 4 (0.61%) Kinematics
9 3 (0.46%) Hyperledger
9 3 (0.46%) IIS
9 3 (0.46%) OpenStack
10 2 (0.31%) Apache Pig
10 2 (0.31%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.31%) Ethereum
10 2 (0.31%) Tomcat
11 1 (0.15%) Camunda
11 1 (0.15%) Drupal
11 1 (0.15%) GeoServer
Applications
1 23 (3.52%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (1.23%) Simulink
3 7 (1.07%) SPSS
4 2 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.31%) Stata
5 1 (0.15%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 9 (1.38%) FINCAD Analytics
2 5 (0.77%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.31%) R3 Corda
4 1 (0.15%) Cognos Business Intelligence
4 1 (0.15%) SAP CRM
4 1 (0.15%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.15%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 125 (19.14%) AWS
2 71 (10.87%) Azure
3 49 (7.50%) GCP
4 36 (5.51%) Power Platform
5 21 (3.22%) Serverless
6 18 (2.76%) Amazon S3
7 16 (2.45%) AWS Lambda
7 16 (2.45%) GitHub
8 13 (1.99%) Amazon SQS
9 12 (1.84%) Cloud Computing
10 10 (1.53%) Heroku
11 9 (1.38%) AWS Step Functions
12 8 (1.23%) AWS CloudFormation
13 7 (1.07%) Amazon Kinesis
13 7 (1.07%) Amazon SageMaker
14 5 (0.77%) Amazon EC2
14 5 (0.77%) Amazon ECS
14 5 (0.77%) OpenShift
15 4 (0.61%) Amazon EMR
15 4 (0.61%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 6 (0.92%) Ethernet
1 6 (0.92%) TCP/IP
1 6 (0.92%) Wi-Fi
2 5 (0.77%) HTTP
2 5 (0.77%) Internet
2 5 (0.77%) RS-485
3 4 (0.61%) Kerberos
3 4 (0.61%) LAN
3 4 (0.61%) MIMO
3 4 (0.61%) RS-422
4 3 (0.46%) DHCP
4 3 (0.46%) Firewall
4 3 (0.46%) VPN
5 2 (0.31%) Intrusion Detection
5 2 (0.31%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
5 2 (0.31%) WAN
5 2 (0.31%) Wireless
6 1 (0.15%) FIX Connectivity
6 1 (0.15%) OFDM
6 1 (0.15%) Software-Defined Radio
Database & Business Intelligence
1 109 (16.69%) Big Data
1 109 (16.69%) Hadoop
2 72 (11.03%) NoSQL
3 58 (8.88%) PostgreSQL
4 40 (6.13%) SQL Server
5 36 (5.51%) Power BI
6 35 (5.36%) Relational Database
7 29 (4.44%) MongoDB
8 25 (3.83%) Apache Hive
9 23 (3.52%) Amazon Redshift
9 23 (3.52%) Data Mining
9 23 (3.52%) Data Warehouse
10 18 (2.76%) MySQL
10 18 (2.76%) Redis
11 17 (2.60%) Neo4j
12 15 (2.30%) RDBMS
13 13 (1.99%) Impala
14 12 (1.84%) Amazon Aurora
14 12 (1.84%) Data Lake
15 11 (1.68%) KDB
Development Applications
1 87 (13.32%) Git (software)
2 44 (6.74%) Jenkins
3 21 (3.22%) JIRA
3 21 (3.22%) JUnit
3 21 (3.22%) webpack
4 13 (1.99%) Subversion
5 12 (1.84%) Maven
6 11 (1.68%) Mercurial
7 10 (1.53%) TestNG
8 9 (1.38%) Bitbucket
8 9 (1.38%) Visual Studio Team System
9 8 (1.23%) Cucumber
9 8 (1.23%) Rational DOORS
9 8 (1.23%) TeamCity
10 7 (1.07%) Team Foundation Server
11 5 (0.77%) Mockito
11 5 (0.77%) Selenium
12 4 (0.61%) CircleCI
12 4 (0.61%) Grunt
12 4 (0.61%) Visual Studio
General
1 122 (18.68%) Finance
2 52 (7.96%) Banking
3 39 (5.97%) Front Office
4 32 (4.90%) Marketing
5 25 (3.83%) Investment Banking
6 21 (3.22%) Legal
7 15 (2.30%) Retail
8 10 (1.53%) Manufacturing
9 9 (1.38%) Games
9 9 (1.38%) Law
9 9 (1.38%) Publishing
10 8 (1.23%) Financial Institution
11 7 (1.07%) Advertising
12 6 (0.92%) Pharmaceutical
12 6 (0.92%) Public Sector
13 5 (0.77%) Telecoms
14 4 (0.61%) Automotive
14 4 (0.61%) Electronics
14 4 (0.61%) Multimedia
15 2 (0.31%) Military
Job Titles
1 261 (39.97%) Developer
2 156 (23.89%) Data Scientist
3 70 (10.72%) Java Developer
3 70 (10.72%) Senior Developer
4 58 (8.88%) Python Developer
5 48 (7.35%) Data Engineer
6 43 (6.58%) Software Engineer
7 41 (6.28%) Analyst
8 29 (4.44%) Machine Learning Scientist
8 29 (4.44%) React Developer
9 28 (4.29%) Data Analyst
9 28 (4.29%) Senior Data Scientist
10 25 (3.83%) JavaScript Developer
11 21 (3.22%) .NET Developer
12 20 (3.06%) Digital Developer
12 20 (3.06%) Senior Software Engineer
13 18 (2.76%) Senior Java Developer
14 17 (2.60%) Architect
15 16 (2.45%) C# Developer
16 14 (2.14%) Senior React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 72 (11.03%) REST
2 68 (10.41%) Natural Language Processing
3 59 (9.04%) Pandas
4 54 (8.27%) Kafka
5 52 (7.96%) NumPy
5 52 (7.96%) SciPy
6 51 (7.81%) RESTful
7 47 (7.20%) Node.js
8 44 (6.74%) React
9 42 (6.43%) .NET
10 39 (5.97%) Spring
11 37 (5.67%) scikit-learn
12 35 (5.36%) Web Services
13 33 (5.05%) AngularJS
13 33 (5.05%) Spring Boot
13 33 (5.05%) TensorFlow
14 30 (4.59%) D3.js
14 30 (4.59%) Redux
15 29 (4.44%) CSS
16 24 (3.68%) HTML
Miscellaneous
1 152 (23.28%) Data Structures
2 124 (18.99%) Analytical Skills
3 52 (7.96%) User Experience
4 28 (4.29%) Self-Motivation
5 23 (3.52%) Fixed Income
6 19 (2.91%) Derivative
7 17 (2.60%) Equities
7 17 (2.60%) Greenfield Project
7 17 (2.60%) Hedge funds
8 16 (2.45%) Clustering
9 14 (2.14%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
9 14 (2.14%) VHDL
10 10 (1.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 10 (1.53%) Mobile App
11 8 (1.23%) Linux Command Line
11 8 (1.23%) NHS
11 8 (1.23%) Video on Demand
11 8 (1.23%) Video\Live Streaming
12 7 (1.07%) Cloud Native
12 7 (1.07%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 78 (11.94%) Linux
2 21 (3.22%) Unix
2 21 (3.22%) Windows
3 13 (1.99%) Android
3 13 (1.99%) Apple iOS
4 6 (0.92%) Embedded Linux
4 6 (0.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 5 (0.77%) CentOS
6 3 (0.46%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.15%) CoreOS
7 1 (0.15%) Windows 10
7 1 (0.15%) Windows 8
7 1 (0.15%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
7 1 (0.15%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 267 (40.89%) Data Science
2 234 (35.83%) Machine Learning
3 217 (33.23%) Agile Software Development
4 189 (28.94%) Computer Science
5 146 (22.36%) Analytics
6 135 (20.67%) Mathematics
7 130 (19.91%) Software Engineering
8 123 (18.84%) Problem-Solving
9 120 (18.38%) Artificial Intelligence
10 115 (17.61%) OO
11 110 (16.85%) TDD
12 88 (13.48%) Microservices
13 85 (13.02%) Visualisation
14 80 (12.25%) DevOps
14 80 (12.25%) Statistics
15 75 (11.49%) Test Automation
16 74 (11.33%) Deep Learning
17 60 (9.19%) Data Analysis
18 58 (8.88%) Continuous Integration
19 54 (8.27%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 324 (49.62%) Python
2 191 (29.25%) Java
3 184 (28.18%) SQL
4 91 (13.94%) JavaScript
5 89 (13.63%) R
6 83 (12.71%) C++
7 63 (9.65%) C#
8 57 (8.73%) C
9 53 (8.12%) Scala
10 44 (6.74%) Java 8
11 25 (3.83%) TypeScript
12 23 (3.52%) MATLAB
13 17 (2.60%) Embedded C
14 11 (1.68%) ES6
15 10 (1.53%) Apple Swift
16 9 (1.38%) Embedded C++
16 9 (1.38%) Go
16 9 (1.38%) Groovy
17 8 (1.23%) Ruby
18 7 (1.07%) PHP
Qualifications
1 126 (19.30%) Degree
2 90 (13.78%) PhD
3 68 (10.41%) Security Cleared
4 38 (5.82%) SC Cleared
5 29 (4.44%) Computer Science Degree
6 25 (3.83%) Master's Degree
7 24 (3.68%) DV Cleared
8 19 (2.91%) Numerate Degree
9 5 (0.77%) BPSS Clearance
10 3 (0.46%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.15%) CISM
11 1 (0.15%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (4.13%) QA
2 23 (3.52%) Data Quality
3 6 (0.92%) GxP
4 5 (0.77%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 2 (0.31%) GDPR
5 2 (0.31%) ISO 13485
5 2 (0.31%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.15%) COBIT
6 1 (0.15%) DO-254
6 1 (0.15%) EMIR
6 1 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.15%) JSP 440
6 1 (0.15%) MiFID
6 1 (0.15%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 91 (13.94%) Docker
2 12 (1.84%) HDFS
3 11 (1.68%) Firmware
4 2 (0.31%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.31%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.15%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.15%) VirtualBox
5 1 (0.15%) vSphere
5 1 (0.15%) Xen
Systems Management
1 46 (7.04%) Kubernetes
2 20 (3.06%) Terraform
3 12 (1.84%) Hadoop YARN
4 11 (1.68%) Ansible
5 5 (0.77%) Puppet
6 4 (0.61%) Opscode Chef
7 3 (0.46%) Kibana
7 3 (0.46%) Kubeflow
7 3 (0.46%) WSUS
8 2 (0.31%) HP Quality Center
8 2 (0.31%) Oozie
8 2 (0.31%) Salt
9 1 (0.15%) HAProxy
9 1 (0.15%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 35 (5.36%) Tableau
2 34 (5.21%) Google
3 31 (4.75%) Oracle
4 29 (4.44%) Microsoft
5 9 (1.38%) Bloomberg
6 8 (1.23%) Cloudera
7 7 (1.07%) Databricks
7 7 (1.07%) SAP
8 6 (0.92%) Hortonworks
9 4 (0.61%) Alteryx
9 4 (0.61%) Facebook
9 4 (0.61%) RapidMiner
9 4 (0.61%) Red Hat
9 4 (0.61%) Salesforce.com
9 4 (0.61%) Teradata
9 4 (0.61%) Zend
10 3 (0.46%) Ab Initio
10 3 (0.46%) Demandware
10 3 (0.46%) VMware
10 3 (0.46%) Xilinx