Period
to 6 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 6 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
England > London
6 months to
6 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 161 138 113
Rank change year-on-year -23 -25 +30
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 302 876 1,160
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.71% 2.11% 2.48%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.92% 2.37% 2.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 226 648 871
Median daily rate £538 £525 £503
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.38% +4.48% +0.50%
10th Percentile £380 £400 £368
90th Percentile £738 £675 £650
England median daily rate £500 £488 £475
% change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 2
Median hourly rate £42.50 £56.00 £150.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -24.11% -62.67% +228.77%
10th Percentile £41.25 £55.50 £135.00
90th Percentile £43.75 £56.50 £165.00
England median hourly rate £42.50 £44.00 £49.50
% change year-on-year -3.41% -11.11% +17.86%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 15,726 36,888 41,448
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 88.82% 88.84% 88.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,727 26,373 30,028
Median daily rate £525 £520 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.96% +4.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £331 £340 £325
90th Percentile £713 £688 £675
England median daily rate £480 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +1.05% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 267 432 570
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.50 £24.09
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +42.86% +1.70% -2.49%
10th Percentile £16.05 £12.75 £14.00
90th Percentile £55.40 £53.75 £52.63
Median hourly rate £32.50 £25.00 £22.00
% change year-on-year +30.00% +13.64% -12.00%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in London

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing in London.

Daily rate trend for Unit Testing in London

Unit Testing
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Unit Testing in London over the 6 months to 6 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in London

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing in London.

Hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in London

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the London region over the 6 months to 6 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +14 44 £525 +5.00% 7
East London +54 17 £550 -4.35% 4
West London +19 7 £543 +8.50% 2
South London +20 6 £525 +19.39% 2
Unit Testing
England

For the 6 months to 6 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 145 (48.01%) Agile Software Development
2 107 (35.43%) C#
3 106 (35.10%) SQL
4 103 (34.11%) JavaScript
5 101 (33.44%) Git (software)
6 93 (30.79%) Java
7 90 (29.80%) .NET
8 87 (28.81%) SQL Server
9 82 (27.15%) TDD
10 72 (23.84%) Scrum
11 69 (22.85%) HTML
12 64 (21.19%) Oracle
13 63 (20.86%) Microsoft
14 62 (20.53%) Web Services
14 62 (20.53%) Continuous Integration
15 60 (19.87%) Finance
16 58 (19.21%) AngularJS
17 57 (18.87%) REST
17 57 (18.87%) DevOps
18 54 (17.88%) CSS
19 49 (16.23%) Banking
19 49 (16.23%) Software Engineering
19 49 (16.23%) Test Automation
20 48 (15.89%) Azure
20 48 (15.89%) Windows
20 48 (15.89%) User Experience
21 46 (15.23%) Security Cleared
22 43 (14.24%) OO
23 42 (13.91%) Jenkins
24 41 (13.58%) SOAP

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (8.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
2 16 (5.30%) Apache
3 13 (4.30%) Tomcat
4 11 (3.64%) WebLogic
5 7 (2.32%) Confluence
6 5 (1.66%) Appian
6 5 (1.66%) Elasticsearch
6 5 (1.66%) WebSphere
7 3 (0.99%) Apache Spark
7 3 (0.99%) Mule
8 2 (0.66%) Cloud Foundry
8 2 (0.66%) Drupal
8 2 (0.66%) IIS
8 2 (0.66%) K2 blackpearl
8 2 (0.66%) Mule ESB
8 2 (0.66%) NServiceBus
8 2 (0.66%) SAS
8 2 (0.66%) SharePoint
8 2 (0.66%) SharePoint 2013
9 1 (0.33%) CMS
Applications
1 13 (4.30%) Photoshop
2 10 (3.31%) Acrobat
2 10 (3.31%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.66%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.66%) Sketch
4 1 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.33%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 15 (4.97%) Oracle ERP
2 4 (1.32%) Dynamics AX
2 4 (1.32%) Magento
3 3 (0.99%) Shopify
4 2 (0.66%) Oracle Cash Management
4 2 (0.66%) Oracle Payables
4 2 (0.66%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.33%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.33%) Oracle Applications
5 1 (0.33%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.33%) SunGard Martini
5 1 (0.33%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 48 (15.89%) Azure
2 32 (10.60%) AWS
3 20 (6.62%) SaaS
4 14 (4.64%) PaaS
5 13 (4.30%) GitHub
6 12 (3.97%) Serverless
7 8 (2.65%) npm
8 6 (1.99%) AWS Lambda
8 6 (1.99%) GCP
8 6 (1.99%) OpenShift
8 6 (1.99%) Yarn
9 5 (1.66%) Amazon S3
9 5 (1.66%) Amazon SQS
9 5 (1.66%) AWS Step Functions
9 5 (1.66%) Dynamics 365
9 5 (1.66%) Firebase
10 4 (1.32%) Azure Stack
11 2 (0.66%) Amazon Alexa
11 2 (0.66%) Amazon ECS
11 2 (0.66%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 13 (4.30%) HTTP
2 7 (2.32%) Firewall
3 4 (1.32%) TCP/IP
4 3 (0.99%) AMQP
4 3 (0.99%) DHCP
4 3 (0.99%) DOCSIS
4 3 (0.99%) MQTT
4 3 (0.99%) SNMP
5 2 (0.66%) Intranet
6 1 (0.33%) DNS
6 1 (0.33%) Internet
6 1 (0.33%) Reverse Proxy
6 1 (0.33%) SSH
6 1 (0.33%) SSL
6 1 (0.33%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 87 (28.81%) SQL Server
2 22 (7.28%) Relational Database
3 16 (5.30%) NoSQL
4 14 (4.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 10 (3.31%) Oracle Database
5 10 (3.31%) RDBMS
6 9 (2.98%) MongoDB
6 9 (2.98%) Oracle Database 11g
7 8 (2.65%) Apache Cassandra
7 8 (2.65%) MySQL
8 7 (2.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 6 (1.99%) Data Warehouse
9 6 (1.99%) Oracle ODI
10 4 (1.32%) Redis
11 3 (0.99%) Aerospike
11 3 (0.99%) CouchDB
11 3 (0.99%) Hadoop
11 3 (0.99%) KDB
12 2 (0.66%) Power BI
12 2 (0.66%) SQL Server 2017
Development Applications
1 101 (33.44%) Git (software)
2 42 (13.91%) Jenkins
3 40 (13.25%) TeamCity
4 33 (10.93%) Visual Studio
5 30 (9.93%) Subversion
6 29 (9.60%) JIRA
7 16 (5.30%) Team Foundation Server
8 15 (4.97%) Moq
9 14 (4.64%) Postman
10 13 (4.30%) Octopus Deploy
11 12 (3.97%) SoapUI
12 9 (2.98%) Cucumber
12 9 (2.98%) GitLab
12 9 (2.98%) gulp
12 9 (2.98%) Selenium
12 9 (2.98%) SonarQube
13 8 (2.65%) Jasmine
13 8 (2.65%) Maven
13 8 (2.65%) Mockito
13 8 (2.65%) NUnit
General
1 60 (19.87%) Finance
2 49 (16.23%) Banking
3 40 (13.25%) Front Office
4 25 (8.28%) Investment Banking
5 8 (2.65%) Public Sector
5 8 (2.65%) Retail
6 5 (1.66%) Games
7 4 (1.32%) Back Office
8 3 (0.99%) Retail Banking
9 2 (0.66%) Corporate Banking
9 2 (0.66%) General Ledger
9 2 (0.66%) Private Banking
9 2 (0.66%) Telecoms
10 1 (0.33%) Billing
10 1 (0.33%) Electronics
10 1 (0.33%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.33%) French Language
10 1 (0.33%) Law
10 1 (0.33%) Legal
10 1 (0.33%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 223 (73.84%) Developer
2 48 (15.89%) C# Developer
3 42 (13.91%) Java Developer
4 36 (11.92%) .NET Developer
5 27 (8.94%) Angular Developer
6 24 (7.95%) UI Developer
7 21 (6.95%) SQL Developer
8 20 (6.62%) Senior Developer
9 17 (5.63%) C# WPF Developer
9 17 (5.63%) Electronic Trading Developer
9 17 (5.63%) Front Office Developer
9 17 (5.63%) WPF Developer
10 15 (4.97%) C# Developer - Electronic Trading
10 15 (4.97%) Full Stack Developer
10 15 (4.97%) React Developer
10 15 (4.97%) Software Engineer
11 13 (4.30%) Agile Developer
11 13 (4.30%) Agile Java Developer
11 13 (4.30%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 13 (4.30%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 90 (29.80%) .NET
2 69 (22.85%) HTML
3 62 (20.53%) Web Services
4 58 (19.21%) AngularJS
5 57 (18.87%) REST
6 54 (17.88%) CSS
7 41 (13.58%) SOAP
8 38 (12.58%) React
9 36 (11.92%) HTML5
9 36 (11.92%) WPF
10 33 (10.93%) Node.js
11 29 (9.60%) Spring
12 28 (9.27%) JSON
13 25 (8.28%) RESTful
14 24 (7.95%) XML
15 23 (7.62%) ASP.NET
15 23 (7.62%) CSS3
16 17 (5.63%) .NET Core
16 17 (5.63%) .NET Framework
17 16 (5.30%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 48 (15.89%) User Experience
2 27 (8.94%) Fixed Income
3 13 (4.30%) Enterprise Software
4 10 (3.31%) Analytical Skills
4 10 (3.31%) Data Structures
4 10 (3.31%) Reinsurance
5 9 (2.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 8 (2.65%) Cloud Native
7 7 (2.32%) W3C
8 6 (1.99%) Greenfield Project
9 5 (1.66%) Private Cloud
10 4 (1.32%) Animation
10 4 (1.32%) Data Centre
10 4 (1.32%) Hedge funds
10 4 (1.32%) Hybrid Cloud
10 4 (1.32%) Mobile App
10 4 (1.32%) Virtual Team
11 3 (0.99%) Algorithms
11 3 (0.99%) Management Information System
11 3 (0.99%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 48 (15.89%) Windows
2 32 (10.60%) Linux
3 12 (3.97%) Apple iOS
4 11 (3.64%) Android
5 8 (2.65%) Windows Server
6 7 (2.32%) Windows 10
7 6 (1.99%) Unix
8 4 (1.32%) VMS
9 2 (0.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.66%) tvOS
10 1 (0.33%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.33%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 145 (48.01%) Agile Software Development
2 82 (27.15%) TDD
3 72 (23.84%) Scrum
4 62 (20.53%) Continuous Integration
5 57 (18.87%) DevOps
6 49 (16.23%) Software Engineering
6 49 (16.23%) Test Automation
7 43 (14.24%) OO
8 39 (12.91%) Electronic Trading
9 37 (12.25%) Microservices
10 34 (11.26%) SOA
11 29 (9.60%) BDD
12 25 (8.28%) Computer Science
12 25 (8.28%) ERP
12 25 (8.28%) Problem-Solving
13 22 (7.28%) Analytics
13 22 (7.28%) Integration Testing
13 22 (7.28%) Multithreading
13 22 (7.28%) MVC
14 20 (6.62%) OOD
Programming Languages
1 107 (35.43%) C#
2 106 (35.10%) SQL
3 103 (34.11%) JavaScript
4 93 (30.79%) Java
5 31 (10.26%) T-SQL
6 30 (9.93%) C++
7 26 (8.61%) Python
8 21 (6.95%) PowerShell
9 19 (6.29%) TypeScript
10 15 (4.97%) PL/SQL
11 11 (3.64%) ES6
12 10 (3.31%) Apple Swift
13 9 (2.98%) C
13 9 (2.98%) Kotlin
14 8 (2.65%) Java 8
14 8 (2.65%) PHP
15 3 (0.99%) Objective-C
15 3 (0.99%) PHP 7
15 3 (0.99%) Scala
16 2 (0.66%) BrightScript
Qualifications
1 46 (15.23%) Security Cleared
2 36 (11.92%) SC Cleared
3 34 (11.26%) Degree
4 18 (5.96%) Computer Science Degree
5 15 (4.97%) DV Cleared
6 7 (2.32%) Master's Degree
7 3 (0.99%) CCNA
7 3 (0.99%) CCNP
7 3 (0.99%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.33%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.33%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (9.60%) QA
2 8 (2.65%) Solvency II
3 6 (1.99%) WCAG
4 2 (0.66%) GDPR
4 2 (0.66%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.33%) DICOM
5 1 (0.33%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.33%) HL7
5 1 (0.33%) MiFID
System Software
1 31 (10.26%) Docker
2 7 (2.32%) Active Directory
3 6 (1.99%) Microsoft App-V
3 6 (1.99%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 20 (6.62%) Kubernetes
2 7 (2.32%) Ansible
3 6 (1.99%) SCCM
3 6 (1.99%) WSUS
4 5 (1.66%) Terraform
5 1 (0.33%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 64 (21.19%) Oracle
2 63 (20.86%) Microsoft
3 14 (4.64%) DevExpress
3 14 (4.64%) RedGate
4 11 (3.64%) Adobe
5 8 (2.65%) Google
6 7 (2.32%) IBM
7 6 (1.99%) Citrix
7 6 (1.99%) TIBCO
8 4 (1.32%) hybris
8 4 (1.32%) Informatica
9 3 (0.99%) Cisco
9 3 (0.99%) Gemalto
9 3 (0.99%) Juniper
9 3 (0.99%) Nokia
9 3 (0.99%) Splunk
9 3 (0.99%) Zend
10 2 (0.66%) DocuSign
10 2 (0.66%) MuleSoft
10 2 (0.66%) Roku