Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 22 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
England > London
6 months to
22 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 164 126 163
Rank change year-on-year -38 +37 -16
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 680 537 342
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.76% 2.20% 1.72%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.93% 2.42% 1.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 497 379 261
10th Percentile £413 £413 £385
25th Percentile £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £591 £550 £535
Median % change year-on-year +7.36% +2.80% +1.90%
75th Percentile £700 £638 £613
90th Percentile £788 £750 £675
England median daily rate £550 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +3.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 0
10th Percentile - - -
25th Percentile £62.50 - -
Median hourly rate £65.00 £66.50 -
Median % change year-on-year -2.26% - -
75th Percentile £67.50 - -
90th Percentile - - -
England median hourly rate £62.88 £50.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +25.75% +11.11% -

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 35,321 22,171 17,793
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 91.48% 90.92% 89.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,804 15,908 12,800
10th Percentile £400 £350 £325
25th Percentile £475 £425 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - +1.45%
75th Percentile £688 £625 £615
90th Percentile £775 £713 £700
England median daily rate £540 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +8.00% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 412 235 225
10th Percentile £17.25 £15.33 £13.60
25th Percentile £23.91 £21.25 £18.50
Median hourly rate £36.46 £32.50 £26.50
Median % change year-on-year +12.17% +22.64% +20.45%
75th Percentile £51.00 £51.91 £47.12
90th Percentile £67.50 £66.50 £59.00
England median hourly rate £26.99 £24.50 £21.57
% change year-on-year +10.16% +13.58% -4.13%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in London

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing in London.

Daily rate trend for Unit Testing in London

Unit Testing
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Unit Testing in London over the 6 months to 22 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in London

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing in London.

Hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in London

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the London region over the 6 months to 22 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London +8 81 £545 -0.91% 44
West London -22 9 £625 +8.70% 9
South London -9 4 £675 +35.00% 2
Unit Testing
England

For the 6 months to 22 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 329 (48.38%) Agile
2 245 (36.03%) Git (software)
3 199 (29.26%) JavaScript
4 195 (28.68%) SQL
5 193 (28.38%) C#
6 179 (26.32%) DevOps
7 177 (26.03%) .NET
8 171 (25.15%) Java
9 163 (23.97%) Social Skills
10 159 (23.38%) CI/CD
10 159 (23.38%) TDD
11 151 (22.21%) Azure
12 145 (21.32%) HTML
12 145 (21.32%) React
13 135 (19.85%) Python
14 130 (19.12%) Banking
15 129 (18.97%) AWS
16 128 (18.82%) JIRA
17 126 (18.53%) CSS
17 126 (18.53%) Microservices
18 121 (17.79%) Finance
18 121 (17.79%) Scrum
19 120 (17.65%) Test Automation
20 115 (16.91%) TypeScript
21 113 (16.62%) Jenkins
22 105 (15.44%) Docker
23 99 (14.56%) Oracle
24 98 (14.41%) AngularJS
25 97 (14.26%) REST
26 96 (14.12%) Continuous Integration

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (6.32%) Confluence
2 11 (1.62%) Apache Spark
2 11 (1.62%) nginx
2 11 (1.62%) Traefik
3 9 (1.32%) Apache
4 7 (1.03%) IIS
5 6 (0.88%) CMS
6 5 (0.74%) Elasticsearch
6 5 (0.74%) Ethereum
6 5 (0.74%) JBoss
6 5 (0.74%) Tomcat
7 4 (0.59%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 4 (0.59%) Sitecore CMS
7 4 (0.59%) WebSphere
8 3 (0.44%) BizTalk Server
8 3 (0.44%) Camunda
8 3 (0.44%) SharePoint
9 2 (0.29%) IBM HTTP Server
9 2 (0.29%) Oracle Coherence
9 2 (0.29%) WebLogic
Applications
1 7 (1.03%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 3 (0.44%) Photoshop
3 2 (0.29%) Sketch
4 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.15%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 11 (1.62%) SunGard Martini
2 8 (1.18%) SAP Retail
2 8 (1.18%) SAP S/4HANA
3 7 (1.03%) Magento
3 7 (1.03%) Shopify
4 6 (0.88%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.44%) Advent Geneva
6 2 (0.29%) Global One
6 2 (0.29%) Oracle Assets
6 2 (0.29%) Oracle FAH
6 2 (0.29%) Oracle General Ledger
6 2 (0.29%) Oracle Payables
6 2 (0.29%) Oracle Receivables
6 2 (0.29%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 2 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.29%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.29%) SAP FI
6 2 (0.29%) SAP MDG
7 1 (0.15%) SAP CAR
7 1 (0.15%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 151 (22.21%) Azure
2 129 (18.97%) AWS
3 62 (9.12%) GitHub
4 41 (6.03%) Serverless
5 38 (5.59%) GCP
6 28 (4.12%) npm
7 23 (3.38%) Amazon EC2
7 23 (3.38%) AWS Lambda
7 23 (3.38%) Azure Service Bus
8 22 (3.24%) AWS CloudFormation
9 21 (3.09%) Amazon S3
10 20 (2.94%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 19 (2.79%) OpenShift
12 18 (2.65%) Power Platform
13 17 (2.50%) NuGet
14 14 (2.06%) Azure Functions
15 13 (1.91%) Amazon SQS
16 11 (1.62%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 10 (1.47%) Azure Data Factory
17 10 (1.47%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 23 (3.38%) TCP/IP
2 21 (3.09%) HTTP
3 11 (1.62%) DNS
4 5 (0.74%) Internet
5 4 (0.59%) Bluetooth
5 4 (0.59%) Kerberos
6 1 (0.15%) ATM
6 1 (0.15%) DSL
6 1 (0.15%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.15%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 92 (13.53%) SQL Server
2 54 (7.94%) MongoDB
3 37 (5.44%) NoSQL
4 33 (4.85%) Relational Database
5 29 (4.26%) Oracle Database
6 22 (3.24%) Data Warehouse
7 17 (2.50%) PostgreSQL
7 17 (2.50%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 16 (2.35%) Amazon Athena
8 16 (2.35%) Power BI
9 15 (2.21%) MySQL
10 13 (1.91%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 13 (1.91%) Oracle Database 12c
11 11 (1.62%) Tableau
12 10 (1.47%) Hazelcast
13 9 (1.32%) Amazon Redshift
13 9 (1.32%) Big Data
13 9 (1.32%) Oracle Reports
14 8 (1.18%) Apache Cassandra
15 7 (1.03%) Redis
Development Applications
1 245 (36.03%) Git (software)
2 128 (18.82%) JIRA
3 113 (16.62%) Jenkins
4 51 (7.50%) TeamCity
5 47 (6.91%) Visual Studio
6 46 (6.76%) JUnit
7 37 (5.44%) Maven
8 36 (5.29%) Subversion
9 31 (4.56%) webpack
10 29 (4.26%) Bitbucket
10 29 (4.26%) Visual Studio Team System
11 25 (3.68%) GitLab
11 25 (3.68%) Jasmine
11 25 (3.68%) MSTest
12 22 (3.24%) Mocha
12 22 (3.24%) Mockito
12 22 (3.24%) Team Foundation Server
13 19 (2.79%) Cypress.io
13 19 (2.79%) NUnit
14 17 (2.50%) MSBuild
General
1 163 (23.97%) Social Skills
2 130 (19.12%) Banking
3 121 (17.79%) Finance
4 84 (12.35%) Analytical Skills
5 74 (10.88%) Investment Banking
6 59 (8.68%) Front Office
7 25 (3.68%) Public Sector
8 22 (3.24%) Retail
9 17 (2.50%) Back Office
10 13 (1.91%) Publishing
11 11 (1.62%) Legal
12 8 (1.18%) Presentation Skills
13 7 (1.03%) Documentation Skills
14 6 (0.88%) Games
15 5 (0.74%) Financial Institution
15 5 (0.74%) Pharmaceutical
16 4 (0.59%) Marketing
16 4 (0.59%) Retail Banking
17 3 (0.44%) Law
17 3 (0.44%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 468 (68.82%) Developer
2 86 (12.65%) C# Developer
3 79 (11.62%) Senior Developer
4 74 (10.88%) Java Developer
5 61 (8.97%) .NET Developer
6 54 (7.94%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 39 (5.74%) DevOps Engineer
8 38 (5.59%) C++ Developer
9 37 (5.44%) Software Engineer
10 35 (5.15%) React Developer
11 33 (4.85%) C# .NET Developer
12 28 (4.12%) C# Developer - Investment Banking
13 26 (3.82%) JavaScript Developer
14 25 (3.68%) Full Stack Developer
15 23 (3.38%) Angular Developer
16 22 (3.24%) Consultant
17 20 (2.94%) Data Engineer
17 20 (2.94%) Lead Developer
18 19 (2.79%) Azure Engineer
18 19 (2.79%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 177 (26.03%) .NET
2 145 (21.32%) HTML
2 145 (21.32%) React
3 126 (18.53%) CSS
4 98 (14.41%) AngularJS
5 97 (14.26%) REST
6 94 (13.82%) Spring
7 85 (12.50%) Node.js
8 79 (11.62%) .NET Framework
9 72 (10.59%) RESTful
10 69 (10.15%) Web Services
11 64 (9.41%) HTML5
12 51 (7.50%) Spring Boot
13 49 (7.21%) Redux
14 45 (6.62%) Jest
15 44 (6.47%) Kafka
16 42 (6.18%) JSON
17 41 (6.03%) WCF
18 39 (5.74%) .NET Core
19 38 (5.59%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 61 (8.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 32 (4.71%) User Experience
3 21 (3.09%) Data Structures
3 21 (3.09%) Legacy Systems
4 19 (2.79%) Enterprise Software
4 19 (2.79%) Public Cloud
5 18 (2.65%) Cloud Native
5 18 (2.65%) Greenfield Project
5 18 (2.65%) Mobile App
6 14 (2.06%) Algorithms
7 12 (1.76%) Blockchain
8 11 (1.62%) Clustering
8 11 (1.62%) PKI
9 9 (1.32%) N-Tier
10 8 (1.18%) Mainframe
11 7 (1.03%) Self-Motivation
12 6 (0.88%) Fixed Income
12 6 (0.88%) Virtual Team
12 6 (0.88%) W3C
13 5 (0.74%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 66 (9.71%) Linux
2 49 (7.21%) Windows
3 48 (7.06%) Unix
4 28 (4.12%) Android
5 21 (3.09%) Apple iOS
6 17 (2.50%) Windows Server
7 12 (1.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 11 (1.62%) CentOS
9 2 (0.29%) AIX
10 1 (0.15%) HPUX
10 1 (0.15%) Solaris
10 1 (0.15%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 329 (48.38%) Agile
2 179 (26.32%) DevOps
3 159 (23.38%) CI/CD
3 159 (23.38%) TDD
4 126 (18.53%) Microservices
5 121 (17.79%) Scrum
6 120 (17.65%) Test Automation
7 96 (14.12%) Continuous Integration
8 87 (12.79%) Software Engineering
9 70 (10.29%) Problem-Solving
10 69 (10.15%) Front End Development
11 59 (8.68%) OO
12 56 (8.24%) Analytics
13 54 (7.94%) Full Stack Development
14 51 (7.50%) BDD
15 49 (7.21%) Integration Testing
16 45 (6.62%) Test Strategy
17 39 (5.74%) Pair Programming
18 38 (5.59%) Clean Code
19 37 (5.44%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 199 (29.26%) JavaScript
2 195 (28.68%) SQL
3 193 (28.38%) C#
4 171 (25.15%) Java
5 135 (19.85%) Python
6 115 (16.91%) TypeScript
7 82 (12.06%) C++
8 42 (6.18%) ES6
9 33 (4.85%) PowerShell
10 29 (4.26%) T-SQL
11 26 (3.82%) PL/SQL
12 24 (3.53%) C
12 24 (3.53%) Go
13 23 (3.38%) Ruby
14 20 (2.94%) Kotlin
15 17 (2.50%) Bash
16 15 (2.21%) Scala
17 14 (2.06%) PHP
18 11 (1.62%) Apple Swift
19 10 (1.47%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 49 (7.21%) Degree
2 28 (4.12%) Security Cleared
3 25 (3.68%) SC Cleared
4 12 (1.76%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (0.88%) BPSS Clearance
6 4 (0.59%) ISTQB
7 3 (0.44%) Master's Degree
8 2 (0.29%) MBA
8 2 (0.29%) MCAD
8 2 (0.29%) Microsoft Certification
8 2 (0.29%) PhD
9 1 (0.15%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.15%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 55 (8.09%) QA
2 51 (7.50%) Accessibility
3 12 (1.76%) NCSC
4 10 (1.47%) WCAG
5 6 (0.88%) Data Quality
6 4 (0.59%) GDPR
7 3 (0.44%) ISO 20022
7 3 (0.44%) SLA
8 2 (0.29%) Solvency II
9 1 (0.15%) DICOM
9 1 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.15%) FATCA
9 1 (0.15%) HL7
9 1 (0.15%) PMO
System Software
1 105 (15.44%) Docker
2 11 (1.62%) VMware Infrastructure
3 5 (0.74%) Oracle RAC
3 5 (0.74%) VirtualBox
4 4 (0.59%) LXC
4 4 (0.59%) Virtual Desktop
5 2 (0.29%) GridGain
5 2 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.15%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.15%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 61 (8.97%) Kubernetes
2 43 (6.32%) Terraform
3 39 (5.74%) Ansible
4 23 (3.38%) Puppet
5 19 (2.79%) Prometheus
6 12 (1.76%) BladeLogic
6 12 (1.76%) Graphite
6 12 (1.76%) Istio
6 12 (1.76%) Packer
7 11 (1.62%) Consul
7 11 (1.62%) Docker Swarm
7 11 (1.62%) Grafana
7 11 (1.62%) HAProxy
7 11 (1.62%) linkerd
7 11 (1.62%) Podman
7 11 (1.62%) ZABBIX
8 6 (0.88%) Opscode Chef
9 3 (0.44%) Kibana
10 2 (0.29%) Active Directory Federation Services
10 2 (0.29%) Control-M
Vendors
1 99 (14.56%) Oracle
2 79 (11.62%) Microsoft
3 30 (4.41%) TIBCO
4 23 (3.38%) Google
5 17 (2.50%) SAP
6 14 (2.06%) Citrix
6 14 (2.06%) Splunk
7 13 (1.91%) Salesforce.com
8 12 (1.76%) Apple
8 12 (1.76%) VMware
9 11 (1.62%) FIS
9 11 (1.62%) IBM
9 11 (1.62%) PagerDuty
9 11 (1.62%) SunGard
10 10 (1.47%) Databricks
11 7 (1.03%) Atlassian
11 7 (1.03%) hybris
12 6 (0.88%) Adobe
12 6 (0.88%) MuleSoft
13 5 (0.74%) Alteryx