Period
to 23 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 23 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
England > London
6 months to
23 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 148 125 128
Rank change year-on-year -23 +3 +21
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 507 959 999
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 1.81% 2.19% 2.13%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.07% 2.47% 2.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 368 683 770
London median daily rate £525 £500 £505
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% -0.99% +6.32%
10th Percentile £400 £378 £375
90th Percentile £675 £675 £657
England median daily rate £475 £475 £463
% change year-on-year - +2.70% +8.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 0
London median hourly rate £63.33 £35.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +80.94% - -
England median hourly rate £46.00 £45.00 £43.75
% change year-on-year +2.22% +2.86% +8.02%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 24,494 38,815 41,372
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 87.43% 88.81% 88.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,346 27,777 30,135
London median daily rate £513 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £321 £325 £313
90th Percentile £694 £675 £675
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 350 437 490
London median hourly rate £27.25 £24.95 £23.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.22% +5.05% -5.00%
10th Percentile £13.50 £12.65 £13.98
90th Percentile £53.28 £48.75 £53.53
England median hourly rate £23.00 £23.86 £24.00
% change year-on-year -3.59% -0.59% -2.04%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in London

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in London

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in London over the 6 months to 23 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in London

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in London

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the London region over the 6 months to 23 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -3 109 £550 +12.82% 65
East London +65 25 £550 -4.10% 23
West London +4 21 £535 +15.68% 35
South London +22 11 £450 -2.70% 4
Unit Testing
England

For the 6 months to 23 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 277 (54.64%) Agile Software Development
2 197 (38.86%) Java
3 188 (37.08%) TDD
4 173 (34.12%) JavaScript
5 144 (28.40%) C#
6 133 (26.23%) SQL
7 125 (24.65%) Test Automation
8 120 (23.67%) Git (software)
9 119 (23.47%) .NET
10 118 (23.27%) AngularJS
11 117 (23.08%) Scrum
12 110 (21.70%) Continuous Integration
13 100 (19.72%) Finance
14 99 (19.53%) HTML
15 90 (17.75%) CSS
16 89 (17.55%) DevOps
17 88 (17.36%) Spring
18 87 (17.16%) Web Services
18 87 (17.16%) Jenkins
19 83 (16.37%) Microservices
19 83 (16.37%) React
20 82 (16.17%) Azure
21 80 (15.78%) BDD
22 71 (14.00%) REST
23 67 (13.21%) Python
24 65 (12.82%) MVC
25 63 (12.43%) Software Engineering
25 63 (12.43%) Node.js
26 61 (12.03%) Microsoft
27 60 (11.83%) Maven

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (3.55%) Apache Spark
2 15 (2.96%) Apache
3 13 (2.56%) WebSphere
4 12 (2.37%) Confluence
4 12 (2.37%) SAS
5 10 (1.97%) CMS
5 10 (1.97%) IIS
6 8 (1.58%) Cloud Foundry
6 8 (1.58%) Elasticsearch
6 8 (1.58%) NServiceBus
6 8 (1.58%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 8 (1.58%) Tomcat
7 6 (1.18%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 6 (1.18%) Jetty
8 5 (0.99%) Mule
9 4 (0.79%) Mule ESB
10 3 (0.59%) Anypoint
11 2 (0.39%) SharePoint
12 1 (0.20%) WebLogic
12 1 (0.20%) WordPress
Applications
1 10 (1.97%) Photoshop
2 9 (1.78%) Sketch
3 4 (0.79%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.59%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.39%) Microsoft Excel
6 1 (0.20%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 10 (1.97%) Magento
2 9 (1.78%) Shopify
3 7 (1.38%) Dynamics AX
4 3 (0.59%) FINCAD Analytics
5 2 (0.39%) Oracle Cash Management
5 2 (0.39%) Oracle Payables
5 2 (0.39%) Oracle Receivables
6 1 (0.20%) JDE EnterpriseOne
6 1 (0.20%) Loan IQ
6 1 (0.20%) SAP CO
6 1 (0.20%) SAP FI
6 1 (0.20%) SAP FI/CO
6 1 (0.20%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 82 (16.17%) Azure
2 57 (11.24%) AWS
3 15 (2.96%) GitHub
4 13 (2.56%) Dynamics 365
5 12 (2.37%) Cloud Computing
6 10 (1.97%) Amazon EKS
6 10 (1.97%) Power Platform
6 10 (1.97%) Serverless
7 8 (1.58%) IaaS
7 8 (1.58%) SaaS
8 7 (1.38%) GCP
9 6 (1.18%) iPaaS
9 6 (1.18%) Office 365
9 6 (1.18%) PaaS
10 5 (0.99%) npm
11 4 (0.79%) Google Analytics
12 3 (0.59%) Amazon S3
12 3 (0.59%) Amazon SQS
12 3 (0.59%) Google Play
12 3 (0.59%) iTunes
Communications & Networking
1 17 (3.35%) TCP/IP
2 15 (2.96%) HTTP
3 11 (2.17%) Internet
4 5 (0.99%) Firewall
5 4 (0.79%) DNS
6 2 (0.39%) AMQP
6 2 (0.39%) DHCP
6 2 (0.39%) DOCSIS
6 2 (0.39%) MQTT
6 2 (0.39%) SNMP
6 2 (0.39%) Wireless
7 1 (0.20%) SSH
7 1 (0.20%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 58 (11.44%) SQL Server
2 44 (8.68%) NoSQL
3 22 (4.34%) MySQL
4 21 (4.14%) KDB
5 19 (3.75%) Hadoop
6 18 (3.55%) MongoDB
7 17 (3.35%) Relational Database
8 15 (2.96%) Amazon Redshift
8 15 (2.96%) Apache Cassandra
8 15 (2.96%) Kdb+
8 15 (2.96%) PostgreSQL
9 12 (2.37%) Amazon Athena
9 12 (2.37%) Data Warehouse
10 11 (2.17%) Azure SQL Database
11 10 (1.97%) Cosmos DB
11 10 (1.97%) Neo4j
11 10 (1.97%) Power BI
11 10 (1.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 9 (1.78%) SAS Enterprise Guide
13 8 (1.58%) Big Data
Development Applications
1 120 (23.67%) Git (software)
2 87 (17.16%) Jenkins
3 60 (11.83%) Maven
4 58 (11.44%) TeamCity
5 39 (7.69%) JIRA
6 32 (6.31%) JUnit
7 24 (4.73%) Bitbucket
7 24 (4.73%) Octopus Deploy
8 23 (4.54%) Selenium
8 23 (4.54%) Visual Studio
9 21 (4.14%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 21 (4.14%) SonarQube
9 21 (4.14%) Subversion
10 19 (3.75%) Cucumber
11 18 (3.55%) Mockito
12 16 (3.16%) gulp
13 15 (2.96%) Moq
14 13 (2.56%) webpack
15 12 (2.37%) Vagrant
16 11 (2.17%) Grunt
General
1 100 (19.72%) Finance
2 51 (10.06%) Banking
3 47 (9.27%) Front Office
4 19 (3.75%) Investment Banking
5 13 (2.56%) Retail
6 11 (2.17%) Law
7 10 (1.97%) Back Office
7 10 (1.97%) Games
8 9 (1.78%) Marketing
9 6 (1.18%) Public Sector
10 5 (0.99%) Retail Banking
11 4 (0.79%) Publishing
12 3 (0.59%) Telecoms
13 2 (0.39%) Advertising
13 2 (0.39%) General Ledger
13 2 (0.39%) Local Government
13 2 (0.39%) Manufacturing
14 1 (0.20%) Brand Awareness
14 1 (0.20%) International Banking
14 1 (0.20%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 395 (77.91%) Developer
2 95 (18.74%) Java Developer
3 57 (11.24%) Senior Developer
4 49 (9.66%) C# Developer
5 48 (9.47%) Angular Developer
6 47 (9.27%) .NET Developer
7 42 (8.28%) React Developer
8 32 (6.31%) Agile Developer
8 32 (6.31%) Agile Java Developer
9 31 (6.11%) Full Stack Developer
10 25 (4.93%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 21 (4.14%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
12 20 (3.94%) Senior Java Developer
12 20 (3.94%) UI Developer
13 19 (3.75%) AWS Developer
14 17 (3.35%) Analyst
14 17 (3.35%) iOS Developer
14 17 (3.35%) JavaScript Developer
15 16 (3.16%) Android Developer
15 16 (3.16%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 119 (23.47%) .NET
2 118 (23.27%) AngularJS
3 99 (19.53%) HTML
4 90 (17.75%) CSS
5 88 (17.36%) Spring
6 87 (17.16%) Web Services
7 83 (16.37%) React
8 71 (14.00%) REST
9 63 (12.43%) Node.js
10 55 (10.85%) RESTful
11 53 (10.45%) ASP.NET Web API
12 52 (10.26%) .NET Core
13 47 (9.27%) SOAP
14 44 (8.68%) JSON
15 39 (7.69%) HTML5
16 37 (7.30%) XML
17 32 (6.31%) .NET Framework
18 31 (6.11%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 30 (5.92%) Angular 2
20 29 (5.72%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 46 (9.07%) User Experience
2 27 (5.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 25 (4.93%) Greenfield Project
4 23 (4.54%) Fixed Income
5 22 (4.34%) Analytical Skills
6 21 (4.14%) Enterprise Software
7 15 (2.96%) Data Structures
8 12 (2.37%) Self-Motivation
9 11 (2.17%) Hedge funds
9 11 (2.17%) Mobile App
10 10 (1.97%) W3C
11 9 (1.78%) Algorithms
11 9 (1.78%) Management Information System
11 9 (1.78%) Virtual Team
12 7 (1.38%) Blog
12 7 (1.38%) iPad
12 7 (1.38%) Mobile Banking
13 5 (0.99%) Derivative
13 5 (0.99%) Reinsurance
13 5 (0.99%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 39 (7.69%) Apple iOS
2 35 (6.90%) Android
3 26 (5.13%) Linux
4 21 (4.14%) Unix
5 16 (3.16%) Windows
6 4 (0.79%) Mac OS X
6 4 (0.79%) Mac OS X Server
7 3 (0.59%) CentOS
7 3 (0.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.39%) tvOS
8 2 (0.39%) Windows 10
8 2 (0.39%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 277 (54.64%) Agile Software Development
2 188 (37.08%) TDD
3 125 (24.65%) Test Automation
4 117 (23.08%) Scrum
5 110 (21.70%) Continuous Integration
6 89 (17.55%) DevOps
7 83 (16.37%) Microservices
8 80 (15.78%) BDD
9 65 (12.82%) MVC
10 63 (12.43%) Software Engineering
11 55 (10.85%) OO
12 52 (10.26%) Analytics
13 44 (8.68%) Problem-Solving
14 43 (8.48%) Multithreading
15 39 (7.69%) E-Commerce
15 39 (7.69%) Integration Testing
15 39 (7.69%) SDLC
16 38 (7.50%) Front End Development
17 32 (6.31%) Business Intelligence
18 30 (5.92%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 197 (38.86%) Java
2 173 (34.12%) JavaScript
3 144 (28.40%) C#
4 133 (26.23%) SQL
5 67 (13.21%) Python
6 42 (8.28%) TypeScript
7 31 (6.11%) C++
8 29 (5.72%) Java 8
9 26 (5.13%) Scala
10 19 (3.75%) T-SQL
11 16 (3.16%) Apple Swift
11 16 (3.16%) PHP
12 15 (2.96%) Kotlin
13 14 (2.76%) ES6
14 12 (2.37%) PHP 7
15 10 (1.97%) Bash Shell
15 10 (1.97%) PowerShell
16 9 (1.78%) C
16 9 (1.78%) Groovy
16 9 (1.78%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 37 (7.30%) Degree
2 36 (7.10%) Security Cleared
3 30 (5.92%) SC Cleared
4 12 (2.37%) Master's Degree
5 10 (1.97%) Computer Science Degree
6 5 (0.99%) CTC Cleared
7 4 (0.79%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.20%) CCNA
8 1 (0.20%) CCNP
8 1 (0.20%) CHECK Team Member
8 1 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.20%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (8.68%) QA
2 3 (0.59%) WCAG
3 2 (0.39%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 2 (0.39%) SLA
4 1 (0.20%) DICOM
4 1 (0.20%) GDPR
4 1 (0.20%) HL7
4 1 (0.20%) MiFID
4 1 (0.20%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.20%) Solvency II
System Software
1 49 (9.66%) Docker
2 10 (1.97%) VirtualBox
3 5 (0.99%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.79%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.39%) Microsoft App-V
5 2 (0.39%) Virtual Desktop
5 2 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.20%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
6 1 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 22 (4.34%) Kubernetes
2 21 (4.14%) Terraform
3 19 (3.75%) Ansible
4 9 (1.78%) Docker Swarm
5 4 (0.79%) Jamf Pro
6 3 (0.59%) Rundeck
7 2 (0.39%) HP ALM
7 2 (0.39%) SCCM
7 2 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
7 2 (0.39%) WSUS
8 1 (0.20%) Microsoft Intune
8 1 (0.20%) Norton AntiVirus
8 1 (0.20%) Puppet
8 1 (0.20%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
8 1 (0.20%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 61 (12.03%) Microsoft
2 44 (8.68%) Oracle
3 27 (5.33%) IBM
4 15 (2.96%) Google
5 14 (2.76%) Apple
5 14 (2.76%) MuleSoft
6 12 (2.37%) Hortonworks
7 11 (2.17%) Cloudera
7 11 (2.17%) Informatica
8 10 (1.97%) Palantir
9 9 (1.78%) Atlassian
9 9 (1.78%) Charles River
9 9 (1.78%) Datactics
9 9 (1.78%) hybris
9 9 (1.78%) Talend
10 8 (1.58%) DevExpress
10 8 (1.58%) RedGate
11 7 (1.38%) Salesforce.com
11 7 (1.38%) Sitecore
11 7 (1.38%) Xamarin