Period
to 17 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 17 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
England > London
6 months to
17 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 130 132 115
Rank change year-on-year +2 -17 +30
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 967 899 969
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 2.07% 1.98% 2.05%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.37% 2.30% 2.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 761 690 720
London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +4.65%
10th Percentile £363 £325 £325
90th Percentile £638 £588 £623
England median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 1 0
London median hourly rate £32.50 £40.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.75% - -
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 40725 39072 39570
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 86.97% 86.26% 83.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 29617 28032 28294
London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.86%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £288
90th Percentile £669 £644 £638
England median daily rate £450 £425 £420
% change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 381 402 477
London median hourly rate £22.50 £21.89 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.79% +9.45% +11.11%
10th Percentile £13.31 £12.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.26 £50.00
England median hourly rate £24.00 £24.03 £22.50
% change year-on-year -0.12% +6.80% +18.42%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in London

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in London

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in London over the 6 months to 17 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in London

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in London

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the London region over the 6 months to 17 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -5 177 £475 - 25
South London +7 32 £400 +20.30% 2
West London -16 23 £475 +26.67% 11
East London -4 14 £563 +60.71% 4
North London -13 2 - - 1
Unit Testing
England

For the 6 months to 17 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 508 (52.53%) Agile Software Development
2 381 (39.40%) TDD
3 345 (35.68%) JavaScript
4 330 (34.13%) Java
5 313 (32.37%) C#
6 274 (28.34%) .NET
7 255 (26.37%) HTML
8 250 (25.85%) SQL
9 223 (23.06%) Finance
10 218 (22.54%) Continuous Integration
11 216 (22.34%) Web Services
12 213 (22.03%) Test Automation
13 206 (21.30%) Git (software)
13 206 (21.30%) BDD
13 206 (21.30%) Scrum
14 199 (20.58%) MVC
15 198 (20.48%) REST
16 194 (20.06%) Banking
17 185 (19.13%) CSS
18 184 (19.03%) SQL Server
19 179 (18.51%) AngularJS
20 176 (18.20%) OO
21 146 (15.10%) RESTful
22 143 (14.79%) HTML5
23 138 (14.27%) Jenkins
24 127 (13.13%) Amazon AWS
25 123 (12.72%) Python
26 119 (12.31%) Node.js
27 118 (12.20%) Software Engineering
28 117 (12.10%) ASP.NET

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (4.03%) CMS
2 35 (3.62%) Confluence
3 34 (3.52%) Apache
4 30 (3.10%) Elasticsearch
5 29 (3.00%) Apache Spark
6 25 (2.59%) SharePoint
7 22 (2.28%) JBoss
8 21 (2.17%) Apache Solr
8 21 (2.17%) Tomcat
9 14 (1.45%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 14 (1.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 12 (1.24%) Umbraco
11 11 (1.14%) Drupal
12 8 (0.83%) EPiServer
13 7 (0.72%) WebLogic
14 5 (0.52%) IIS
14 5 (0.52%) Jetty
15 4 (0.41%) DataSynapse
15 4 (0.41%) nginx
15 4 (0.41%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 21 (2.17%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.93%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.31%) Adobe Illustrator
3 3 (0.31%) InVision
3 3 (0.31%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.21%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.10%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 22 (2.28%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.62%) BusinessWorks
3 5 (0.52%) Kondor
4 4 (0.41%) Adobe Campaign
5 3 (0.31%) SunGard Martini
5 3 (0.31%) Temenos T24
6 2 (0.21%) Endur
6 2 (0.21%) Markit EDM
7 1 (0.10%) HFM
7 1 (0.10%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.10%) Oracle EBS R12
7 1 (0.10%) Oracle ERP
7 1 (0.10%) Oracle Payables
7 1 (0.10%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 1 (0.10%) Oracle Receivables
7 1 (0.10%) PeopleSoft CRM
7 1 (0.10%) SAP CO
7 1 (0.10%) SAP FI
7 1 (0.10%) SAP FI/CO
7 1 (0.10%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 127 (13.13%) Amazon AWS
2 78 (8.07%) Microsoft Azure
3 29 (3.00%) npm
4 16 (1.65%) Serverless
5 14 (1.45%) Cloud Computing
5 14 (1.45%) GitHub
6 10 (1.03%) Office 365
6 10 (1.03%) OpenShift
7 9 (0.93%) Yarn
8 8 (0.83%) G Suite
9 6 (0.62%) Amazon EC2
9 6 (0.62%) Amazon S3
10 5 (0.52%) SaaS
11 4 (0.41%) Firebase
12 3 (0.31%) Amazon SQS
12 3 (0.31%) AWS Lambda
12 3 (0.31%) Dynamics 365
13 2 (0.21%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 2 (0.21%) CloudFront
13 2 (0.21%) TestFlight
Communications & Networking
1 55 (5.69%) HTTP
2 28 (2.90%) TCP/IP
3 25 (2.59%) Internet
4 14 (1.45%) FTP
5 10 (1.03%) SSL
6 8 (0.83%) Kerberos
7 5 (0.52%) Firewall
8 4 (0.41%) LDAP
9 3 (0.31%) Skype
9 3 (0.31%) SMS
10 2 (0.21%) Intranet
11 1 (0.10%) Bluetooth
11 1 (0.10%) CTI
11 1 (0.10%) DNS
11 1 (0.10%) Extranet
11 1 (0.10%) FIX Connectivity
11 1 (0.10%) ICMP
11 1 (0.10%) snoop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 184 (19.03%) SQL Server
2 77 (7.96%) NoSQL
3 65 (6.72%) Relational Database
4 53 (5.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 52 (5.38%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 51 (5.27%) Big Data
7 49 (5.07%) MongoDB
8 36 (3.72%) Data Warehouse
9 34 (3.52%) MySQL
10 33 (3.41%) Hadoop
11 28 (2.90%) SQL Server 2008
12 26 (2.69%) RDBMS
13 23 (2.38%) SQL Server 2016
14 22 (2.28%) Apache Cassandra
15 21 (2.17%) SQL Server 2014
16 20 (2.07%) PostgreSQL
17 19 (1.96%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 15 (1.55%) DocumentDB
19 14 (1.45%) DataStax
19 14 (1.45%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 206 (21.30%) Git (software)
2 138 (14.27%) Jenkins
3 110 (11.38%) JUnit
4 86 (8.89%) TeamCity
5 85 (8.79%) JIRA
6 77 (7.96%) Maven
7 63 (6.51%) Mockito
8 60 (6.20%) NUnit
9 55 (5.69%) Selenium
10 53 (5.48%) Mocha
11 52 (5.38%) Octopus Deploy
12 50 (5.17%) Subversion
13 48 (4.96%) Cucumber
14 40 (4.14%) webpack
15 37 (3.83%) Jasmine
16 32 (3.31%) gulp
17 31 (3.21%) Gradle
18 30 (3.10%) Visual Studio
19 28 (2.90%) Xcode
20 27 (2.79%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 223 (23.06%) Finance
2 194 (20.06%) Banking
3 91 (9.41%) Front Office
4 62 (6.41%) Investment Banking
5 28 (2.90%) Publishing
6 24 (2.48%) Back Office
7 21 (2.17%) Marketing
8 18 (1.86%) Games
9 15 (1.55%) Financial Institution
9 15 (1.55%) Law
9 15 (1.55%) Retail
10 9 (0.93%) Retail Banking
11 7 (0.72%) Advertising
12 4 (0.41%) Telecoms
13 3 (0.31%) International Banking
14 2 (0.21%) Digital Economy
14 2 (0.21%) Legal
15 1 (0.10%) Electronics
15 1 (0.10%) Manufacturing
15 1 (0.10%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 825 (85.32%) Developer
2 160 (16.55%) Java Developer
3 141 (14.58%) Senior Developer
4 120 (12.41%) C# Developer
5 113 (11.69%) .NET Developer
6 80 (8.27%) JavaScript Developer
7 59 (6.10%) SQL Developer
8 58 (6.00%) iOS Developer
9 55 (5.69%) Full Stack Developer
10 50 (5.17%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 42 (4.34%) Python Developer
12 37 (3.83%) C++ Developer
13 36 (3.72%) HTML Developer
14 33 (3.41%) Senior .NET Developer
14 33 (3.41%) Senior Java Developer
14 33 (3.41%) Senior Python Developer
15 32 (3.31%) C# .NET Developer
15 32 (3.31%) Scala Developer
16 30 (3.10%) Angular Developer
17 29 (3.00%) Agile Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 274 (28.34%) .NET
2 255 (26.37%) HTML
3 216 (22.34%) Web Services
4 198 (20.48%) REST
5 185 (19.13%) CSS
6 179 (18.51%) AngularJS
7 146 (15.10%) RESTful
8 143 (14.79%) HTML5
9 119 (12.31%) Node.js
10 117 (12.10%) ASP.NET
11 105 (10.86%) Spring
12 100 (10.34%) ASP.NET Web API
13 94 (9.72%) React
14 90 (9.31%) XML
15 84 (8.69%) JSON
16 79 (8.17%) ASP.NET MVC
17 77 (7.96%) CSS3
17 77 (7.96%) SOAP
18 71 (7.34%) .NET Framework
19 70 (7.24%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 96 (9.93%) User Experience
2 69 (7.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 59 (6.10%) Derivative
4 54 (5.58%) Greenfield Project
5 48 (4.96%) Analytical Skills
6 47 (4.86%) Computer Science
7 46 (4.76%) Fintech
7 46 (4.76%) Fixed Income
8 39 (4.03%) Mobile App
9 28 (2.90%) Data Structures
10 27 (2.79%) Enterprise Software
11 21 (2.17%) Equities
12 20 (2.07%) Algorithms
12 20 (2.07%) iPad
12 20 (2.07%) iPhone
13 17 (1.76%) Hedge funds
14 10 (1.03%) N-Tier
15 7 (0.72%) Equity Derivative
15 7 (0.72%) Management Information System
15 7 (0.72%) RIA
Operating Systems
1 104 (10.75%) Linux
2 73 (7.55%) Apple iOS
3 55 (5.69%) Unix
4 37 (3.83%) Android
5 31 (3.21%) Windows
6 10 (1.03%) Mac OS
7 6 (0.62%) Solaris
8 3 (0.31%) CentOS
8 3 (0.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (0.31%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.31%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.21%) SUSE
10 1 (0.10%) Fedora
10 1 (0.10%) Windows Embedded Compact
Processes & Methodologies
1 508 (52.53%) Agile Software Development
2 381 (39.40%) TDD
3 218 (22.54%) Continuous Integration
4 213 (22.03%) Test Automation
5 206 (21.30%) BDD
5 206 (21.30%) Scrum
6 199 (20.58%) MVC
7 176 (18.20%) OO
8 118 (12.20%) Software Engineering
9 89 (9.20%) DevOps
10 84 (8.69%) SOLID
11 82 (8.48%) E-Commerce
12 78 (8.07%) Front End Development
13 77 (7.96%) SDLC
14 71 (7.34%) Web Development
15 64 (6.62%) Multithreading
15 64 (6.62%) Pair Programming
16 63 (6.51%) Low Latency
17 62 (6.41%) iOS Development
18 61 (6.31%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 345 (35.68%) JavaScript
2 330 (34.13%) Java
3 313 (32.37%) C#
4 250 (25.85%) SQL
5 123 (12.72%) Python
6 87 (9.00%) T-SQL
7 85 (8.79%) C++
8 68 (7.03%) ES6
9 65 (6.72%) Scala
10 58 (6.00%) Objective-C
11 54 (5.58%) Apple Swift
12 52 (5.38%) TypeScript
13 38 (3.93%) PL/SQL
14 36 (3.72%) VBA
15 31 (3.21%) Ruby
16 25 (2.59%) PHP
17 20 (2.07%) Perl
18 18 (1.86%) PowerShell
19 16 (1.65%) Bash Shell
19 16 (1.65%) Go
Qualifications
1 56 (5.79%) Degree
2 32 (3.31%) Computer Science Degree
3 29 (3.00%) Security Cleared
4 25 (2.59%) SC Cleared
5 20 (2.07%) Master's Degree
6 6 (0.62%) Microsoft Certification
6 6 (0.62%) PhD
7 4 (0.41%) BPSS Clearance
7 4 (0.41%) MCITP
7 4 (0.41%) MCTS
7 4 (0.41%) Siebel Certification
8 3 (0.31%) AWS Certification
8 3 (0.31%) ISEB
8 3 (0.31%) Sun Certification
9 2 (0.21%) ISTQB
10 1 (0.10%) A+ Certification
10 1 (0.10%) CGEIT
10 1 (0.10%) CISA
10 1 (0.10%) CISM
10 1 (0.10%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 89 (9.20%) QA
2 21 (2.17%) MiFID
3 10 (1.03%) WAI
4 9 (0.93%) WCAG
5 3 (0.31%) EMIR
5 3 (0.31%) GAAP
5 3 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.10%) COBIT
6 1 (0.10%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.10%) DICOM
System Software
1 59 (6.10%) Docker
2 12 (1.24%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.83%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 8 (0.83%) HDFS
4 4 (0.41%) Platform Symphony
5 1 (0.10%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.10%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 25 (2.59%) Puppet
2 23 (2.38%) Terraform
3 22 (2.28%) Ansible
4 19 (1.96%) Kubernetes
5 18 (1.86%) Opscode Chef
6 14 (1.45%) Oozie
7 5 (0.52%) Hadoop YARN
8 4 (0.41%) Oracle Identity Management
8 4 (0.41%) Oracle Identity Manager
9 3 (0.31%) Ambari
9 3 (0.31%) Prometheus
10 2 (0.21%) HP Quality Center
10 2 (0.21%) Icinga
10 2 (0.21%) Nagios
11 1 (0.10%) BladeLogic
11 1 (0.10%) Business Desktop Deployment
11 1 (0.10%) HockeyApp
11 1 (0.10%) Kibana
11 1 (0.10%) Rancher
Vendors
1 108 (11.17%) Microsoft
2 62 (6.41%) Oracle
3 29 (3.00%) Apple
4 19 (1.96%) Sybase
5 17 (1.76%) Adobe
6 16 (1.65%) TIBCO
7 15 (1.55%) Google
8 12 (1.24%) Charles River
8 12 (1.24%) Solace
9 10 (1.03%) Bloomberg
9 10 (1.03%) Coverity
10 9 (0.93%) DevExpress
10 9 (0.93%) Reuters
11 8 (0.83%) CA Agile Central
11 8 (0.83%) Hortonworks
11 8 (0.83%) Red Hat
11 8 (0.83%) Sitecore
12 7 (0.72%) FXall
12 7 (0.72%) IBM
13 6 (0.62%) SAP