Period
to 10 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 10 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
England > London
6 months to
10 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 61 51 35
Rank change year-on-year -10 -16 +4
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 591 1,899 2,771
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.88% 4.72% 6.01%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.37% 5.33% 6.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 443 1,306 2,115
Median daily rate £545 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.91% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £413 £413 £407
90th Percentile £713 £700 £675
England median daily rate £520 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +4.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 6 3
Median hourly rate £49.25 £35.00 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +40.71% +9.38% -20.00%
10th Percentile £35.00 £20.25 £19.20
90th Percentile £65.45 £51.88 £33.00
England median hourly rate £40.75 £35.00 £38.75
% change year-on-year +16.43% -9.68% -18.42%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 13,538 35,654 40,798
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 88.96% 88.57% 88.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,120 25,559 29,563
Median daily rate £525 £520 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.96% +4.00% +1.52%
10th Percentile £325 £338 £325
90th Percentile £713 £688 £675
England median daily rate £488 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +2.63% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 230 422 528
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.50 £24.04
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +42.86% +1.91% +3.40%
10th Percentile £17.48 £12.50 £14.00
90th Percentile £55.10 £56.50 £54.01
Median hourly rate £35.00 £25.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year +40.00% +16.28% -9.47%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in London.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in London over the 6 months to 10 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in London.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Integration in London over the 6 months to 10 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the London region over the 6 months to 10 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +18 126 £525 -4.55% 46
South London -17 28 £499 -5.00% 2
West London -6 21 £560 +12.00% 19
East London +3 17 £475 -13.64% 6
Continuous Integration
England

For the 6 months to 10 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 361 (61.08%) Agile Software Development
2 247 (41.79%) Java
3 229 (38.75%) DevOps
4 208 (35.19%) Jenkins
5 202 (34.18%) Git (software)
6 179 (30.29%) Docker
7 177 (29.95%) TDD
8 174 (29.44%) JavaScript
9 170 (28.76%) Test Automation
10 165 (27.92%) Azure
11 154 (26.06%) AWS
11 154 (26.06%) Python
11 154 (26.06%) Microservices
12 153 (25.89%) Kubernetes
13 145 (24.53%) Finance
14 140 (23.69%) SQL
15 137 (23.18%) Continuous Delivery
16 130 (22.00%) Scrum
17 101 (17.09%) HTML
18 99 (16.75%) Terraform
19 96 (16.24%) Linux
20 95 (16.07%) C#
21 89 (15.06%) Spring
21 89 (15.06%) Ansible
22 88 (14.89%) RESTful
22 88 (14.89%) .NET
23 87 (14.72%) Microsoft
24 86 (14.55%) AngularJS
25 85 (14.38%) BDD
25 85 (14.38%) CSS

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (6.43%) Confluence
2 34 (5.75%) Apache Spark
3 24 (4.06%) Elasticsearch
4 14 (2.37%) Tomcat
5 13 (2.20%) IIS
6 12 (2.03%) SharePoint
7 11 (1.86%) JBoss
8 10 (1.69%) Apache
8 10 (1.69%) nginx
8 10 (1.69%) WebSphere
9 9 (1.52%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 7 (1.18%) WebSphere Application Server
11 6 (1.02%) OpenStack
11 6 (1.02%) Red Hat Fuse
12 5 (0.85%) Tornado
12 5 (0.85%) WebLogic
13 4 (0.68%) GlassFish
14 3 (0.51%) Apache Airflow
14 3 (0.51%) JCAPS
14 3 (0.51%) SAS
Applications
1 3 (0.51%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.34%) Figma
3 1 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
3 1 (0.17%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.17%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 2 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
1 2 (0.34%) Magento
2 1 (0.17%) Maximo
2 1 (0.17%) SAP Business ByDesign
2 1 (0.17%) Shopify
2 1 (0.17%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 165 (27.92%) Azure
2 154 (26.06%) AWS
3 71 (12.01%) GCP
4 68 (11.51%) GitHub
5 38 (6.43%) Serverless
6 30 (5.08%) Amazon EC2
6 30 (5.08%) IaaS
7 27 (4.57%) AWS CloudFormation
8 26 (4.40%) Amazon S3
8 26 (4.40%) SaaS
9 25 (4.23%) PaaS
10 23 (3.89%) AWS Lambda
11 16 (2.71%) OpenShift
12 15 (2.54%) Cloud Computing
13 14 (2.37%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 13 (2.20%) Amazon ECS
15 12 (2.03%) Amazon EKS
15 12 (2.03%) AWS Step Functions
16 10 (1.69%) Amazon EMR
16 10 (1.69%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 31 (5.25%) SSL
2 26 (4.40%) HTTPS
3 23 (3.89%) HTTP
4 18 (3.05%) DNS
4 18 (3.05%) Firewall
5 14 (2.37%) TCP/IP
6 7 (1.18%) Skype
6 7 (1.18%) VPN
7 6 (1.02%) Kerberos
8 5 (0.85%) DHCP
9 4 (0.68%) FTP
9 4 (0.68%) RTMP
10 3 (0.51%) Internet
10 3 (0.51%) Reverse Proxy
10 3 (0.51%) SSH
11 2 (0.34%) Intrusion Detection
11 2 (0.34%) LAN
11 2 (0.34%) Multicast
11 2 (0.34%) WAN
12 1 (0.17%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 64 (10.83%) SQL Server
2 60 (10.15%) NoSQL
3 32 (5.41%) Relational Database
4 29 (4.91%) Big Data
5 28 (4.74%) PostgreSQL
6 18 (3.05%) MongoDB
6 18 (3.05%) MySQL
7 16 (2.71%) Data Warehouse
8 13 (2.20%) Redis
9 12 (2.03%) RDBMS
10 11 (1.86%) Hadoop
11 10 (1.69%) MariaDB
12 9 (1.52%) Amazon RDS
12 9 (1.52%) Cosmos DB
13 8 (1.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 7 (1.18%) Apache Hive
14 7 (1.18%) Azure SQL Database
14 7 (1.18%) Data Lake
14 7 (1.18%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 6 (1.02%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 208 (35.19%) Jenkins
2 202 (34.18%) Git (software)
3 78 (13.20%) JIRA
4 60 (10.15%) TeamCity
5 48 (8.12%) JUnit
6 44 (7.45%) Maven
7 39 (6.60%) Cucumber
8 38 (6.43%) Selenium
9 35 (5.92%) Subversion
10 26 (4.40%) Visual Studio
11 22 (3.72%) git-flow
12 21 (3.55%) GitLab
13 20 (3.38%) Jasmine
14 18 (3.05%) Hudson
15 17 (2.88%) Sonatype Nexus
16 16 (2.71%) Cypress.io
16 16 (2.71%) Gradle
17 15 (2.54%) Ant
18 14 (2.37%) JMeter
19 13 (2.20%) Android Studio
General
1 145 (24.53%) Finance
2 70 (11.84%) Banking
3 46 (7.78%) Front Office
4 26 (4.40%) Investment Banking
5 24 (4.06%) Public Sector
6 10 (1.69%) Back Office
7 7 (1.18%) Financial Institution
7 7 (1.18%) Legal
8 6 (1.02%) Law
8 6 (1.02%) Marketing
9 5 (0.85%) Manufacturing
9 5 (0.85%) Retail Banking
10 4 (0.68%) Advertising
10 4 (0.68%) Billing
10 4 (0.68%) Games
10 4 (0.68%) Retail
11 3 (0.51%) Pharmaceutical
11 3 (0.51%) Police
11 3 (0.51%) Publishing
11 3 (0.51%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 290 (49.07%) Developer
2 81 (13.71%) Java Developer
3 77 (13.03%) DevOps Engineer
4 36 (6.09%) Architect
4 36 (6.09%) C# Developer
5 34 (5.75%) Data Engineer
6 30 (5.08%) Senior Developer
7 29 (4.91%) Full Stack Developer
8 28 (4.74%) AWS Engineer
9 27 (4.57%) Android Developer
9 27 (4.57%) React Developer
9 27 (4.57%) UI Developer
10 25 (4.23%) .NET Developer
10 25 (4.23%) Azure Engineer
10 25 (4.23%) JavaScript Developer
11 22 (3.72%) Python Developer
12 21 (3.55%) Cloud Engineer
13 20 (3.38%) AWS DevOps
14 19 (3.21%) C# .NET Developer
14 19 (3.21%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 101 (17.09%) HTML
2 89 (15.06%) Spring
3 88 (14.89%) .NET
3 88 (14.89%) RESTful
4 86 (14.55%) AngularJS
5 85 (14.38%) CSS
6 70 (11.84%) REST
7 68 (11.51%) Web Services
8 67 (11.34%) React
9 59 (9.98%) Node.js
10 46 (7.78%) Kafka
11 43 (7.28%) HTML5
12 34 (5.75%) Jest
13 33 (5.58%) Redux
14 31 (5.25%) Spring Boot
15 30 (5.08%) JSON
16 28 (4.74%) XML
17 27 (4.57%) .NET Framework
18 26 (4.40%) Sass
19 25 (4.23%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 58 (9.81%) User Experience
2 34 (5.75%) Fixed Income
3 30 (5.08%) Analytical Skills
4 24 (4.06%) Virtual Team
5 23 (3.89%) Mobile App
6 20 (3.38%) Cloud Native
7 19 (3.21%) Linux Command Line
8 17 (2.88%) Enterprise Software
9 16 (2.71%) Management Information System
10 15 (2.54%) Greenfield Project
11 14 (2.37%) Self-Motivation
12 13 (2.20%) Credit Risk
12 13 (2.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 10 (1.69%) Mobile Payment
14 9 (1.52%) Algorithms
15 8 (1.35%) Data Structures
15 8 (1.35%) Video on Demand
16 7 (1.18%) Hedge funds
16 7 (1.18%) Public Cloud
17 6 (1.02%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 96 (16.24%) Linux
2 53 (8.97%) Windows
3 41 (6.94%) Android
4 38 (6.43%) Unix
5 14 (2.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 13 (2.20%) CentOS
7 12 (2.03%) Apple iOS
7 12 (2.03%) Windows Server
8 7 (1.18%) Mac OS
9 6 (1.02%) Ubuntu
10 5 (0.85%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
11 4 (0.68%) VMS
12 3 (0.51%) Solaris
12 3 (0.51%) tvOS
12 3 (0.51%) Windows Server 2016
13 2 (0.34%) Windows Server 2008
13 2 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.34%) Windows Server 2019
14 1 (0.17%) Mac OS X
14 1 (0.17%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 361 (61.08%) Agile Software Development
2 229 (38.75%) DevOps
3 177 (29.95%) TDD
4 170 (28.76%) Test Automation
5 154 (26.06%) Microservices
6 137 (23.18%) Continuous Delivery
7 130 (22.00%) Scrum
8 85 (14.38%) BDD
9 82 (13.87%) SDLC
10 70 (11.84%) Open Source
11 63 (10.66%) Problem-Solving
12 62 (10.49%) Software Engineering
13 60 (10.15%) Analytics
14 58 (9.81%) Infrastructure as Code
15 57 (9.64%) Continuous Deployment
16 53 (8.97%) Configuration Management
17 51 (8.63%) Computer Science
18 49 (8.29%) Unit Testing
19 47 (7.95%) Kanban
20 42 (7.11%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 247 (41.79%) Java
2 174 (29.44%) JavaScript
3 154 (26.06%) Python
4 140 (23.69%) SQL
5 95 (16.07%) C#
6 61 (10.32%) TypeScript
7 47 (7.95%) Scala
8 45 (7.61%) Bash Shell
9 38 (6.43%) PowerShell
10 37 (6.26%) Java 8
11 35 (5.92%) Kotlin
12 29 (4.91%) C++
13 27 (4.57%) Ruby
14 25 (4.23%) Groovy
15 21 (3.55%) ES6
16 18 (3.05%) C
17 14 (2.37%) Shell Script
18 13 (2.20%) Go
19 12 (2.03%) Perl
20 10 (1.69%) R
Qualifications
1 79 (13.37%) Security Cleared
2 67 (11.34%) SC Cleared
3 32 (5.41%) Degree
4 13 (2.20%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (1.18%) AWS Certification
5 7 (1.18%) DV Cleared
5 7 (1.18%) ISTQB
5 7 (1.18%) Microsoft Certification
6 6 (1.02%) ISEB
7 5 (0.85%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.34%) CISA
8 2 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
8 2 (0.34%) CISM
8 2 (0.34%) CISSP
8 2 (0.34%) CSSLP
8 2 (0.34%) DBS Check
8 2 (0.34%) ITIL Certification
9 1 (0.17%) ISSAP
9 1 (0.17%) ISSMP
9 1 (0.17%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 67 (11.34%) QA
2 2 (0.34%) MiFID
3 1 (0.17%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.17%) FedRAMP
3 1 (0.17%) HIPAA
3 1 (0.17%) NIST
3 1 (0.17%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.17%) PMO
3 1 (0.17%) SLA
3 1 (0.17%) WCAG
System Software
1 179 (30.29%) Docker
2 17 (2.88%) Active Directory
3 12 (2.03%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (1.18%) VMware ESXi
5 5 (0.85%) vSphere
6 3 (0.51%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 2 (0.34%) Postfix
8 1 (0.17%) HDFS
8 1 (0.17%) LXC
8 1 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
8 1 (0.17%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 153 (25.89%) Kubernetes
2 99 (16.75%) Terraform
3 89 (15.06%) Ansible
4 41 (6.94%) Puppet
5 38 (6.43%) Opscode Chef
6 20 (3.38%) Prometheus
7 16 (2.71%) Kibana
7 16 (2.71%) Zipkin
8 11 (1.86%) logstash
9 10 (1.69%) Salt
10 9 (1.52%) Packer
11 6 (1.02%) Grafana
12 5 (0.85%) Kubeflow
13 4 (0.68%) ZABBIX
14 3 (0.51%) Consul
14 3 (0.51%) Docker Swarm
14 3 (0.51%) Pacemaker
14 3 (0.51%) Single Sign-On
15 2 (0.34%) HP ALM
15 2 (0.34%) Istio
Vendors
1 87 (14.72%) Microsoft
2 47 (7.95%) Oracle
3 43 (7.28%) Google
4 20 (3.38%) Red Hat
5 17 (2.88%) Atlassian
6 16 (2.71%) SaltStack
7 15 (2.54%) Databricks
8 14 (2.37%) VMware
9 12 (2.03%) Salesforce.com
10 11 (1.86%) Cloudera
11 10 (1.69%) Bloomberg
11 10 (1.69%) Hortonworks
12 8 (1.35%) DevExpress
12 8 (1.35%) RedGate
12 8 (1.35%) SAP
13 7 (1.18%) HP
13 7 (1.18%) Informatica
13 7 (1.18%) NetApp
14 6 (1.02%) IBM
15 5 (0.85%) Cisco