Period
to 21 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 21 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
England > London
6 months to
21 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 49 36 34
Rank change year-on-year -13 -2 +2
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 1,722 2,793 2,760
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 4.83% 6.01% 5.86%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.51% 6.81% 6.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,222 2,049 2,105
London median daily rate £550 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% - +4.95%
10th Percentile £413 £406 £406
90th Percentile £725 £675 £650
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +3.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 3 5
London median hourly rate £72.50 £35.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +107.14% - -26.32%
10th Percentile £16.50 £20.00 £29.25
90th Percentile £78.75 £35.00 £41.50
England median hourly rate £48.50 £36.25 £47.50
% change year-on-year +33.79% -23.68% +26.67%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 31,255 40,986 41,643
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 87.74% 88.25% 88.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,405 29,577 30,212
London median daily rate £513 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £688 £675 £669
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 406 477 397
London median hourly rate £24.12 £23.50 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.64% +4.44% +3.38%
10th Percentile £12.44 £13.24 £13.34
90th Percentile £53.75 £55.57 £50.00
England median hourly rate £23.69 £22.00 £23.14
% change year-on-year +7.67% -4.93% +0.61%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in London over the 6 months to 21 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in London over the 6 months to 21 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the London region over the 6 months to 21 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -8 313 £550 +4.76% 138
South London -5 112 £525 - 21
West London 0 94 £525 - 53
East London +26 46 £575 +4.55% 19
North London +4 3 £575 +27.78% 6
Continuous Integration
England

For the 6 months to 21 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 1,100 (63.88%) Agile Software Development
2 677 (39.31%) TDD
3 613 (35.60%) DevOps
4 559 (32.46%) Java
5 547 (31.77%) Jenkins
6 520 (30.20%) JavaScript
7 471 (27.35%) Git (software)
8 466 (27.06%) Test Automation
9 464 (26.95%) Python
10 459 (26.66%) AWS
11 434 (25.20%) Scrum
12 378 (21.95%) Finance
13 364 (21.14%) Linux
14 351 (20.38%) Azure
15 340 (19.74%) Docker
16 316 (18.35%) C#
17 306 (17.77%) HTML
18 302 (17.54%) CSS
19 301 (17.48%) Microservices
20 300 (17.42%) Kubernetes
21 290 (16.84%) Continuous Delivery
22 273 (15.85%) SQL
23 266 (15.45%) BDD
24 257 (14.92%) React
25 248 (14.40%) AngularJS
25 248 (14.40%) Microsoft
26 246 (14.29%) Web Services
27 243 (14.11%) .NET
28 241 (14.00%) Kanban
29 227 (13.18%) Terraform

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 65 (3.77%) Elasticsearch
2 58 (3.37%) Apache Spark
3 51 (2.96%) Confluence
4 43 (2.50%) IIS
5 32 (1.86%) Apache
6 31 (1.80%) Tomcat
7 22 (1.28%) nginx
8 21 (1.22%) WebSphere
9 18 (1.05%) CMS
9 18 (1.05%) SharePoint
10 16 (0.93%) Jupyter
10 16 (0.93%) OpenStack
11 14 (0.81%) Cloud Foundry
12 11 (0.64%) SAS
13 10 (0.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 9 (0.52%) JBoss
15 8 (0.46%) Mattermost
15 8 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 7 (0.41%) Jetty
16 7 (0.41%) Umbraco
Applications
1 22 (1.28%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (1.10%) Sketch
3 11 (0.64%) Photoshop
4 8 (0.46%) Zeplin
5 5 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
6 3 (0.17%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.058%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.058%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 15 (0.87%) Magento
2 12 (0.70%) Dynamics CRM
3 11 (0.64%) BusinessWorks
4 10 (0.58%) Shopify
5 7 (0.41%) thinkFolio
6 5 (0.29%) Remedy ITSM
7 3 (0.17%) FINCAD Analytics
7 3 (0.17%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 1 (0.058%) Actimize
8 1 (0.058%) Oracle BPM
8 1 (0.058%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 459 (26.66%) AWS
2 351 (20.38%) Azure
3 145 (8.42%) GitHub
4 105 (6.10%) GCP
5 84 (4.88%) Serverless
6 63 (3.66%) Amazon EC2
6 63 (3.66%) AWS Lambda
7 57 (3.31%) PaaS
8 46 (2.67%) Amazon S3
8 46 (2.67%) AWS CloudFormation
9 43 (2.50%) Datadog
10 39 (2.26%) IaaS
11 36 (2.09%) npm
12 34 (1.97%) Amazon SQS
13 33 (1.92%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 32 (1.86%) Cloud Computing
15 31 (1.80%) OpenShift
16 29 (1.68%) SaaS
17 26 (1.51%) Power Platform
18 23 (1.34%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 77 (4.47%) HTTP
2 47 (2.73%) TCP/IP
3 41 (2.38%) VPN
4 32 (1.86%) Internet
5 30 (1.74%) Firewall
6 27 (1.57%) DNS
7 22 (1.28%) SSL
8 15 (0.87%) VLAN
9 8 (0.46%) DHCP
10 7 (0.41%) Reverse Proxy
11 6 (0.35%) Kerberos
11 6 (0.35%) LAN
11 6 (0.35%) SSH
11 6 (0.35%) WAN
11 6 (0.35%) Wireshark
12 5 (0.29%) HTTPS
13 4 (0.23%) AMQP
13 4 (0.23%) IPsec
14 3 (0.17%) Multicast
14 3 (0.17%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 208 (12.08%) SQL Server
2 130 (7.55%) Big Data
3 118 (6.85%) Relational Database
4 90 (5.23%) PostgreSQL
5 89 (5.17%) NoSQL
6 57 (3.31%) MySQL
7 55 (3.19%) Amazon Redshift
8 53 (3.08%) Hadoop
9 46 (2.67%) MongoDB
10 40 (2.32%) Amazon RDS
11 39 (2.26%) Data Warehouse
12 38 (2.21%) Apache Cassandra
13 35 (2.03%) Redis
14 33 (1.92%) RDBMS
15 29 (1.68%) Flink
16 28 (1.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 28 (1.63%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 26 (1.51%) Power BI
18 25 (1.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 25 (1.45%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 547 (31.77%) Jenkins
2 471 (27.35%) Git (software)
3 198 (11.50%) JIRA
4 119 (6.91%) TeamCity
5 113 (6.56%) Selenium
6 91 (5.28%) JUnit
7 89 (5.17%) Maven
8 79 (4.59%) Cucumber
9 69 (4.01%) Mockito
10 57 (3.31%) Visual Studio Team System
11 53 (3.08%) Sonatype Nexus
11 53 (3.08%) Subversion
12 52 (3.02%) Team Foundation Server
13 50 (2.90%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 49 (2.85%) Bitbucket
15 48 (2.79%) GitLab
16 46 (2.67%) gulp
17 45 (2.61%) Visual Studio
18 43 (2.50%) SonarQube
18 43 (2.50%) webpack
General
1 378 (21.95%) Finance
2 185 (10.74%) Banking
3 75 (4.36%) Front Office
4 72 (4.18%) Public Sector
5 46 (2.67%) Investment Banking
6 39 (2.26%) Marketing
7 38 (2.21%) Retail
8 36 (2.09%) Games
9 29 (1.68%) Legal
10 25 (1.45%) Law
11 17 (0.99%) Back Office
12 14 (0.81%) Military
12 14 (0.81%) Telecoms
13 12 (0.70%) Financial Institution
14 10 (0.58%) Publishing
15 8 (0.46%) Advertising
16 7 (0.41%) Electronics
16 7 (0.41%) Manufacturing
17 6 (0.35%) Retail Banking
18 5 (0.29%) Billing
Job Titles
1 909 (52.79%) Developer
2 237 (13.76%) DevOps Engineer
3 164 (9.52%) Java Developer
4 138 (8.01%) C# Developer
5 132 (7.67%) Senior Developer
6 107 (6.21%) Architect
7 105 (6.10%) Full Stack Developer
8 101 (5.87%) Python Developer
9 97 (5.63%) React Developer
10 79 (4.59%) AWS Engineer
11 77 (4.47%) Cloud Engineer
12 71 (4.12%) JavaScript Developer
13 65 (3.77%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 61 (3.54%) Angular Developer
15 59 (3.43%) Software Engineer
16 57 (3.31%) iOS Developer
17 55 (3.19%) .NET Developer
17 55 (3.19%) AWS DevOps
18 50 (2.90%) Senior DevOps
18 50 (2.90%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 306 (17.77%) HTML
2 302 (17.54%) CSS
3 257 (14.92%) React
4 248 (14.40%) AngularJS
5 246 (14.29%) Web Services
6 243 (14.11%) .NET
7 185 (10.74%) RESTful
8 174 (10.10%) REST
9 144 (8.36%) Spring
10 143 (8.30%) Node.js
11 140 (8.13%) Kafka
12 112 (6.50%) JSON
13 108 (6.27%) Vue.js
14 75 (4.36%) HTML5
15 73 (4.24%) Redux
16 69 (4.01%) SOAP
17 66 (3.83%) Sass
18 61 (3.54%) Spring Boot
19 58 (3.37%) jQuery
20 54 (3.14%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 181 (10.51%) Analytical Skills
2 132 (7.67%) User Experience
3 95 (5.52%) Mobile App
4 78 (4.53%) Greenfield Project
5 67 (3.89%) Hedge funds
6 66 (3.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 61 (3.54%) Equities
8 52 (3.02%) Linux Command Line
9 50 (2.90%) Public Cloud
10 40 (2.32%) Data Structures
11 36 (2.09%) Algorithms
11 36 (2.09%) Video on Demand
12 33 (1.92%) Fixed Income
13 32 (1.86%) Enterprise Software
14 31 (1.80%) Video\Live Streaming
15 30 (1.74%) Animation
15 30 (1.74%) Data Centre
15 30 (1.74%) Derivative
16 24 (1.39%) Cloud Native
17 20 (1.16%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 364 (21.14%) Linux
2 142 (8.25%) Unix
3 121 (7.03%) Windows
4 98 (5.69%) Apple iOS
5 89 (5.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 86 (4.99%) Android
7 37 (2.15%) Windows Server
8 31 (1.80%) CentOS
9 24 (1.39%) tvOS
10 17 (0.99%) Mac OS
11 16 (0.93%) Debian
12 11 (0.64%) Ubuntu
13 9 (0.52%) Mac OS X
14 6 (0.35%) Solaris
15 3 (0.17%) DC/OS
15 3 (0.17%) Mesosphere
15 3 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,100 (63.88%) Agile Software Development
2 677 (39.31%) TDD
3 613 (35.60%) DevOps
4 466 (27.06%) Test Automation
5 434 (25.20%) Scrum
6 301 (17.48%) Microservices
7 290 (16.84%) Continuous Delivery
8 266 (15.45%) BDD
9 241 (14.00%) Kanban
10 205 (11.90%) OO
11 197 (11.44%) Continuous Deployment
12 191 (11.09%) Software Engineering
13 185 (10.74%) Problem-Solving
14 153 (8.89%) Unit Testing
15 146 (8.48%) Infrastructure as Code
16 138 (8.01%) Front End Development
17 134 (7.78%) Pair Programming
18 123 (7.14%) OOP
19 122 (7.08%) Configuration Management
20 115 (6.68%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 559 (32.46%) Java
2 520 (30.20%) JavaScript
3 464 (26.95%) Python
4 316 (18.35%) C#
5 273 (15.85%) SQL
6 163 (9.47%) Ruby
7 123 (7.14%) Bash Shell
8 86 (4.99%) Scala
9 73 (4.24%) TypeScript
10 69 (4.01%) PowerShell
11 63 (3.66%) Shell Script
12 62 (3.60%) Java 8
13 61 (3.54%) Go
14 56 (3.25%) C++
15 49 (2.85%) C
16 48 (2.79%) Apple Swift
17 45 (2.61%) Perl
18 41 (2.38%) Groovy
19 34 (1.97%) Kotlin
19 34 (1.97%) PHP
Qualifications
1 218 (12.66%) Security Cleared
2 164 (9.52%) SC Cleared
3 118 (6.85%) Degree
4 30 (1.74%) DV Cleared
5 27 (1.57%) Computer Science Degree
6 23 (1.34%) AWS Certification
7 18 (1.05%) Master's Degree
8 16 (0.93%) BPSS Clearance
9 13 (0.75%) CISSP
9 13 (0.75%) DBS Check
9 13 (0.75%) IISP
10 9 (0.52%) ISTQB
11 8 (0.46%) ISEB
12 7 (0.41%) RHCE
13 6 (0.35%) CTC Cleared
14 5 (0.29%) Microsoft Certification
15 3 (0.17%) CHECK Team Member
16 2 (0.12%) MCSA
16 2 (0.12%) MCTS
16 2 (0.12%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 120 (6.97%) QA
2 13 (0.75%) MiFID
2 13 (0.75%) PCI DSS
3 11 (0.64%) PMO
4 6 (0.35%) WCAG
5 4 (0.23%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.17%) GDPR
7 2 (0.12%) HL7
7 2 (0.12%) PSD2
8 1 (0.058%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.058%) ISO 8583
8 1 (0.058%) NCSC
8 1 (0.058%) SLA
System Software
1 340 (19.74%) Docker
2 44 (2.56%) Active Directory
3 36 (2.09%) VMware Infrastructure
4 25 (1.45%) Virtual Machines
5 19 (1.10%) vSphere
6 17 (0.99%) HDFS
7 11 (0.64%) VirtualBox
8 4 (0.23%) Hyper-V
8 4 (0.23%) Postfix
9 1 (0.058%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 1 (0.058%) Corosync
9 1 (0.058%) etcd
9 1 (0.058%) KVM
9 1 (0.058%) NFS
9 1 (0.058%) OpenAM
9 1 (0.058%) OpenDJ
9 1 (0.058%) OpenIDM
9 1 (0.058%) SRDF
9 1 (0.058%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.058%) Xen
Systems Management
1 300 (17.42%) Kubernetes
2 227 (13.18%) Terraform
3 203 (11.79%) Ansible
4 104 (6.04%) Opscode Chef
5 100 (5.81%) Puppet
6 32 (1.86%) Packer
7 27 (1.57%) Kibana
8 22 (1.28%) Grafana
9 21 (1.22%) Consul
9 21 (1.22%) Docker Swarm
10 18 (1.05%) ZABBIX
11 17 (0.99%) logstash
11 17 (0.99%) Prometheus
12 16 (0.93%) Control-M
13 15 (0.87%) Salt
14 14 (0.81%) Hadoop YARN
15 13 (0.75%) CASB
16 12 (0.70%) Nagios
17 11 (0.64%) Graphite
18 7 (0.41%) Suricata
Vendors
1 248 (14.40%) Microsoft
2 118 (6.85%) Google
3 90 (5.23%) Oracle
4 67 (3.89%) Red Hat
5 44 (2.56%) VMware
6 40 (2.32%) Apple
7 34 (1.97%) IBM
7 34 (1.97%) Remedy
7 34 (1.97%) Salesforce.com
8 30 (1.74%) Tableau
9 27 (1.57%) Splunk
10 26 (1.51%) Sitecore
11 25 (1.45%) Cloudera
12 24 (1.39%) Atlassian
13 23 (1.34%) SAP
13 23 (1.34%) ServiceNow
14 22 (1.28%) Greenplum
14 22 (1.28%) Hortonworks
15 21 (1.22%) TIBCO
16 19 (1.10%) Cisco