Period
to 1 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 1 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
England > London
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 67 62 52
Rank change year-on-year -5 -10 -14
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 1,108 623 1,915
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.68% 3.95% 4.76%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.04% 4.40% 5.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 765 461 1,328
10th Percentile £431 £413 £411
25th Percentile £500 £475 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £588 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +6.82% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £669 £638 £625
90th Percentile £750 £705 £700
England median daily rate £550 £525 £513
% change year-on-year +4.76% +2.44% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 2 4
10th Percentile £38.55 £61.76 £10.55
25th Percentile £41.25 £61.77 £11.00
Median hourly rate £56.25 £63.60 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -11.55% +210.22% -35.94%
75th Percentile £68.09 £65.46 £39.50
90th Percentile £68.25 £65.51 £57.05
England median hourly rate £48.25 £52.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year -8.10% +5.00% +14.94%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 27,406 14,150 35,946
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 90.99% 89.82% 89.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,570 10,156 26,142
10th Percentile £363 £325 £338
25th Percentile £450 £425 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £525 £520
Median % change year-on-year +2.86% +0.96% +4.00%
75th Percentile £640 £625 £600
90th Percentile £725 £713 £688
England median daily rate £500 £488 £475
% change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 275 167 388
10th Percentile £15.29 £14.80 £12.02
25th Percentile £20.71 £20.50 £15.19
Median hourly rate £32.85 £35.93 £22.00
Median % change year-on-year -8.56% +63.30% +2.33%
75th Percentile £51.00 £47.75 £40.19
90th Percentile £66.20 £61.10 £53.00
England median hourly rate £22.50 £25.00 £22.79
% change year-on-year -10.00% +9.70% +13.95%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in London.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in London over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in London.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Integration in London over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the London region over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +5 173 £613 +16.67% 123
West London +26 51 £590 +8.26% 37
South London +5 11 £538 +8.04% 10
East London -7 9 £500 +5.26% 24
North London - 1 - - 4
Continuous Integration
England

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 734 (66.25%) Agile Software Development
2 464 (41.88%) TDD
3 447 (40.34%) Java
4 427 (38.54%) DevOps
5 362 (32.67%) Jenkins
6 296 (26.71%) JavaScript
7 292 (26.35%) SQL
8 287 (25.90%) Test Automation
9 279 (25.18%) Azure
10 278 (25.09%) Scrum
11 275 (24.82%) Git (software)
12 273 (24.64%) Python
13 258 (23.29%) Microservices
14 257 (23.19%) Finance
15 247 (22.29%) AWS
16 245 (22.11%) Social Skills
17 235 (21.21%) Docker
18 228 (20.58%) Continuous Delivery
19 214 (19.31%) C#
20 207 (18.68%) Kubernetes
21 206 (18.59%) Banking
22 199 (17.96%) Software Engineering
23 197 (17.78%) .NET
23 197 (17.78%) React
24 196 (17.69%) Linux
25 190 (17.15%) AngularJS
26 189 (17.06%) HTML
27 187 (16.88%) RESTful
28 181 (16.34%) BDD
29 175 (15.79%) TypeScript

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 84 (7.58%) Confluence
2 45 (4.06%) SharePoint
2 45 (4.06%) Tomcat
3 42 (3.79%) Apache
4 35 (3.16%) WebSphere
5 34 (3.07%) CMS
6 30 (2.71%) Apache Spark
6 30 (2.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 21 (1.90%) Oracle Coherence
8 19 (1.71%) Jetty
9 16 (1.44%) Elasticsearch
10 14 (1.26%) nginx
11 13 (1.17%) Cloud Foundry
12 11 (0.99%) WebSphere Application Server
13 10 (0.90%) Apache Airflow
13 10 (0.90%) WebLogic
14 9 (0.81%) JBoss
15 8 (0.72%) Headless CMS
15 8 (0.72%) IIS
15 8 (0.72%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 13 (1.17%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (0.72%) Photoshop
3 6 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.18%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.18%) Sketch
5 1 (0.090%) Figma
5 1 (0.090%) Mingle
5 1 (0.090%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.090%) S-PLUS
5 1 (0.090%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 5 (0.45%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 4 (0.36%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.36%) ION MarketView
3 3 (0.27%) Magento
3 3 (0.27%) Shopify
4 2 (0.18%) Adobe Campaign
4 2 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.18%) Summit
5 1 (0.090%) Aligne
5 1 (0.090%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.090%) Endur
5 1 (0.090%) IBM Planning Analytics
5 1 (0.090%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
5 1 (0.090%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 279 (25.18%) Azure
2 247 (22.29%) AWS
3 116 (10.47%) GCP
4 103 (9.30%) GitHub
5 57 (5.14%) PaaS
6 56 (5.05%) Serverless
7 44 (3.97%) AWS CloudFormation
8 42 (3.79%) Power Platform
8 42 (3.79%) SaaS
9 36 (3.25%) IaaS
10 34 (3.07%) Azure Active Directory
11 28 (2.53%) AWS Lambda
12 23 (2.08%) Amazon S3
13 22 (1.99%) Amazon ECS
14 21 (1.90%) Amazon EC2
15 20 (1.81%) OpenShift
16 18 (1.62%) npm
17 12 (1.08%) Slack
18 10 (0.90%) Amazon Kinesis
18 10 (0.90%) Google Compute Engine
Communications & Networking
1 22 (1.99%) HTTP
2 19 (1.71%) DNS
3 14 (1.26%) TCP/IP
4 13 (1.17%) Firewall
5 12 (1.08%) NAS
5 12 (1.08%) RTMP
5 12 (1.08%) SAN
6 11 (0.99%) Cisco Nexus
6 11 (0.99%) FCoE
6 11 (0.99%) Fibre Channel
6 11 (0.99%) iSCSI
6 11 (0.99%) LAN
6 11 (0.99%) Multicast
6 11 (0.99%) SSL
6 11 (0.99%) WAN
7 9 (0.81%) VPN
8 8 (0.72%) FTP
9 7 (0.63%) Network Security
10 6 (0.54%) DHCP
10 6 (0.54%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 129 (11.64%) SQL Server
2 95 (8.57%) Relational Database
3 83 (7.49%) NoSQL
4 64 (5.78%) MongoDB
5 47 (4.24%) Big Data
6 42 (3.79%) Oracle Database
7 41 (3.70%) PostgreSQL
8 32 (2.89%) Power BI
9 29 (2.62%) Redis
10 23 (2.08%) BigQuery
10 23 (2.08%) Hadoop
11 22 (1.99%) Apache Cassandra
11 22 (1.99%) MySQL
12 21 (1.90%) Oracle Database 12c
13 20 (1.81%) Oracle Database 11g
14 19 (1.71%) Data Warehouse
14 19 (1.71%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 18 (1.62%) RDBMS
16 14 (1.26%) Data Lake
17 11 (0.99%) Microsoft Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 362 (32.67%) Jenkins
2 275 (24.82%) Git (software)
3 169 (15.25%) JIRA
4 120 (10.83%) Maven
5 93 (8.39%) TeamCity
6 64 (5.78%) GitLab
7 54 (4.87%) Cucumber
8 53 (4.78%) Visual Studio
9 50 (4.51%) Selenium
10 40 (3.61%) JUnit
11 37 (3.34%) Gatling
11 37 (3.34%) Gradle
12 36 (3.25%) Octopus Deploy
12 36 (3.25%) Sonatype Nexus
13 35 (3.16%) Mockito
14 34 (3.07%) Bitbucket
15 29 (2.62%) Jasmine
16 25 (2.26%) SonarQube
17 24 (2.17%) IntelliJ
18 18 (1.62%) Cypress.io
General
1 257 (23.19%) Finance
2 245 (22.11%) Social Skills
3 206 (18.59%) Banking
4 102 (9.21%) Investment Banking
5 80 (7.22%) Front Office
6 51 (4.60%) Analytical Skills
7 49 (4.42%) Public Sector
8 34 (3.07%) Retail
9 26 (2.35%) Marketing
10 24 (2.17%) Presentation Skills
11 20 (1.81%) Games
12 18 (1.62%) Retail Banking
12 18 (1.62%) Telecoms
13 13 (1.17%) Manufacturing
14 12 (1.08%) Back Office
15 10 (0.90%) Documentation Skills
15 10 (0.90%) Electronics
16 8 (0.72%) Organisational Skills
17 6 (0.54%) Private Banking
18 5 (0.45%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 588 (53.07%) Developer
2 126 (11.37%) Java Developer
3 110 (9.93%) DevOps Engineer
4 104 (9.39%) Senior Developer
5 70 (6.32%) Full Stack Developer
6 68 (6.14%) C# Developer
7 67 (6.05%) Architect
8 57 (5.14%) .NET Developer
8 57 (5.14%) JavaScript Developer
9 53 (4.78%) React Developer
10 46 (4.15%) Python Developer
11 41 (3.70%) Azure Engineer
11 41 (3.70%) Java Engineer
12 40 (3.61%) Scala Developer
13 36 (3.25%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 35 (3.16%) Technical Leader
15 33 (2.98%) Azure DevOps Engineer
15 33 (2.98%) Software Engineer
16 32 (2.89%) Android Developer
17 31 (2.80%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 197 (17.78%) .NET
1 197 (17.78%) React
2 190 (17.15%) AngularJS
3 189 (17.06%) HTML
4 187 (16.88%) RESTful
5 169 (15.25%) Spring
6 141 (12.73%) REST
7 140 (12.64%) CSS
8 123 (11.10%) Web Services
9 111 (10.02%) Node.js
10 106 (9.57%) HTML5
11 90 (8.12%) Spring Boot
12 86 (7.76%) Kafka
13 80 (7.22%) Redux
14 59 (5.32%) JSON
15 53 (4.78%) Hibernate
16 49 (4.42%) .NET Framework
16 49 (4.42%) Middleware
17 47 (4.24%) ASP.NET
18 40 (3.61%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 71 (6.41%) User Experience
2 46 (4.15%) Greenfield Project
3 45 (4.06%) Enterprise Software
4 44 (3.97%) Management Information System
5 42 (3.79%) Mobile App
6 41 (3.70%) Cloud Native
7 40 (3.61%) Derivative
8 35 (3.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 33 (2.98%) Data Structures
9 33 (2.98%) Fixed Income
10 28 (2.53%) Public Cloud
11 27 (2.44%) Interest Rate Derivative
12 26 (2.35%) Algorithms
13 22 (1.99%) Clustering
13 22 (1.99%) Data Protection Act
14 21 (1.90%) iPhone
15 20 (1.81%) Self-Motivation
16 17 (1.53%) Legacy Systems
17 16 (1.44%) N-Tier
18 15 (1.35%) Legacy Applications
Operating Systems
1 196 (17.69%) Linux
2 73 (6.59%) Unix
3 64 (5.78%) Android
4 60 (5.42%) Apple iOS
5 42 (3.79%) Windows
6 16 (1.44%) Solaris
7 14 (1.26%) Windows Server
7 14 (1.26%) Windows Server 2016
8 13 (1.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 11 (0.99%) CentOS
10 10 (0.90%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.36%) OpenWrt
11 4 (0.36%) tvOS
12 3 (0.27%) zOS
13 2 (0.18%) Windows Server 2019
14 1 (0.090%) Mac OS
14 1 (0.090%) Oracle Linux
14 1 (0.090%) SUSE
14 1 (0.090%) VMS
14 1 (0.090%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 734 (66.25%) Agile Software Development
2 464 (41.88%) TDD
3 427 (38.54%) DevOps
4 287 (25.90%) Test Automation
5 278 (25.09%) Scrum
6 258 (23.29%) Microservices
7 228 (20.58%) Continuous Delivery
8 199 (17.96%) Software Engineering
9 181 (16.34%) BDD
10 138 (12.45%) Full Stack Development
11 136 (12.27%) Unit Testing
12 130 (11.73%) Problem-Solving
13 125 (11.28%) Pair Programming
14 117 (10.56%) Continuous Improvement
15 113 (10.20%) OO
16 112 (10.11%) Continuous Deployment
17 104 (9.39%) High Availability
18 98 (8.84%) Configuration Management
18 98 (8.84%) Open Source
19 95 (8.57%) Infrastructure as Code
Programming Languages
1 447 (40.34%) Java
2 296 (26.71%) JavaScript
3 292 (26.35%) SQL
4 273 (24.64%) Python
5 214 (19.31%) C#
6 175 (15.79%) TypeScript
7 86 (7.76%) Scala
8 83 (7.49%) Bash Shell
9 72 (6.50%) PowerShell
10 58 (5.23%) Java 8
11 55 (4.96%) C++
12 46 (4.15%) Kotlin
13 41 (3.70%) Ruby
14 39 (3.52%) Go
15 32 (2.89%) Apple Swift
15 32 (2.89%) C
16 23 (2.08%) ES6
17 21 (1.90%) PL/SQL
18 16 (1.44%) Shell Script
19 15 (1.35%) PHP
Qualifications
1 74 (6.68%) Security Cleared
2 57 (5.14%) Degree
3 49 (4.42%) SC Cleared
4 21 (1.90%) AWS Certification
5 19 (1.71%) Numerate Degree
6 18 (1.62%) DV Cleared
7 10 (0.90%) Computer Science Degree
8 6 (0.54%) ISTQB
8 6 (0.54%) Master's Degree
9 5 (0.45%) BPSS Clearance
10 4 (0.36%) PMI Certification
11 2 (0.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 2 (0.18%) Postgraduate
12 1 (0.090%) ISEB
12 1 (0.090%) Microsoft Certification
12 1 (0.090%) PhD
12 1 (0.090%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 83 (7.49%) QA
2 30 (2.71%) Accessibility
3 7 (0.63%) PCI DSS
4 4 (0.36%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.36%) PMO
5 3 (0.27%) GDPR
6 2 (0.18%) MiFID
6 2 (0.18%) SLA
6 2 (0.18%) WCAG
7 1 (0.090%) COBIT
7 1 (0.090%) Dodd-Frank
7 1 (0.090%) EMIR
7 1 (0.090%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.090%) JTAG
7 1 (0.090%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.090%) SOC 1
7 1 (0.090%) SOC 2
7 1 (0.090%) Solvency II
System Software
1 235 (21.21%) Docker
2 40 (3.61%) Active Directory
3 29 (2.62%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (1.53%) Xen
5 13 (1.17%) NFS
6 11 (0.99%) Hyper-V
6 11 (0.99%) KVM
6 11 (0.99%) SRDF
7 6 (0.54%) Oracle RAC
8 5 (0.45%) HDFS
9 4 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
10 2 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 2 (0.18%) Platform Symphony
11 1 (0.090%) OpenAM
11 1 (0.090%) Veritas File System
11 1 (0.090%) Veritas Volume Manager
11 1 (0.090%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.090%) VirtualBox
11 1 (0.090%) VMware ESXi
11 1 (0.090%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 207 (18.68%) Kubernetes
2 138 (12.45%) Terraform
3 130 (11.73%) Ansible
4 72 (6.50%) Puppet
5 42 (3.79%) Opscode Chef
6 38 (3.43%) Prometheus
7 37 (3.34%) Grafana
8 13 (1.17%) ITRS Geneos
9 12 (1.08%) HP Quality Center
10 9 (0.81%) Docker Swarm
10 9 (0.81%) Packer
11 8 (0.72%) Rancher
12 6 (0.54%) Bosun
12 6 (0.54%) Hadoop YARN
12 6 (0.54%) Kibana
12 6 (0.54%) VictorOps
12 6 (0.54%) Zipkin
13 5 (0.45%) Mesos
13 5 (0.45%) vRealize
13 5 (0.45%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 158 (14.26%) Oracle
2 132 (11.91%) Microsoft
3 85 (7.67%) Google
4 30 (2.71%) VMware
5 24 (2.17%) IBM
6 20 (1.81%) Splunk
7 19 (1.71%) Salesforce.com
8 15 (1.35%) Databricks
9 13 (1.17%) Cisco
9 13 (1.17%) HP
9 13 (1.17%) SAP
10 12 (1.08%) EMC
10 12 (1.08%) Red Hat
11 11 (0.99%) NetApp
12 9 (0.81%) DevExpress
12 9 (0.81%) RedGate
13 8 (0.72%) Cloudera
13 8 (0.72%) ESRI
13 8 (0.72%) ION Trading
13 8 (0.72%) Telerik