Period
to 1 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 1 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
England > London
6 months to
1 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 68 55 40
Rank change year-on-year -13 -15 -7
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 682 1,235 2,528
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.46% 4.44% 5.77%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.88% 5.05% 6.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 610 941 1,831
Median daily rate £530 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.64% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £400 £409 £413
90th Percentile £688 £700 £688
England median daily rate £500 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 21 0
Median hourly rate £68.00 £72.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.21% - -
England median hourly rate £45.00 £72.50 £60.00
% change year-on-year -37.93% +20.83% +20.00%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 17,565 24,447 38,934
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 89.10% 87.83% 88.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,545 17,766 28,271
Median daily rate £505 £515 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.94% +0.49% +2.50%
10th Percentile £325 £320 £325
90th Percentile £700 £695 £675
England median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 178 299 388
Median hourly rate £35.00 £25.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +40.00% +11.11% +2.27%
10th Percentile £17.93 £12.44 £12.50
90th Percentile £66.50 £53.95 £47.33
Median hourly rate £26.00 £21.00 £22.11
% change year-on-year +23.81% -5.01% -1.74%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in London.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in London over the 6 months to 1 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in London.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Integration in London over the 6 months to 1 March 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the London region over the 6 months to 1 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +6 112 £588 +6.82% 88
West London +24 25 £530 +0.95% 34
South London 0 16 £520 -0.95% 10
East London +9 11 £315 -41.40% 9
Continuous Integration
England

For the 6 months to 1 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 443 (64.96%) Agile Software Development
2 337 (49.41%) Java
3 247 (36.22%) Jenkins
4 237 (34.75%) DevOps
5 221 (32.40%) Microservices
6 214 (31.38%) JavaScript
7 213 (31.23%) TDD
8 193 (28.30%) Test Automation
9 178 (26.10%) AWS
10 174 (25.51%) Spring
11 172 (25.22%) Python
12 167 (24.49%) Git (software)
12 167 (24.49%) Azure
13 166 (24.34%) Finance
13 166 (24.34%) Scrum
14 164 (24.05%) Continuous Delivery
15 142 (20.82%) Docker
16 138 (20.23%) Linux
17 136 (19.94%) SQL
18 131 (19.21%) Kubernetes
19 125 (18.33%) REST
20 116 (17.01%) Software Engineering
21 113 (16.57%) RESTful
22 111 (16.28%) HTML
23 109 (15.98%) AngularJS
24 103 (15.10%) React
25 99 (14.52%) C#
25 99 (14.52%) Banking
26 95 (13.93%) Security Cleared
27 94 (13.78%) .NET

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (6.30%) Confluence
2 39 (5.72%) Red Hat Fuse
3 35 (5.13%) WebSphere
4 33 (4.84%) Apache
5 30 (4.40%) Tomcat
6 27 (3.96%) JBoss
7 25 (3.67%) SharePoint
8 22 (3.23%) Apache Spark
9 13 (1.91%) Elasticsearch
10 11 (1.61%) Cloud Foundry
11 10 (1.47%) Apache ServiceMix
11 10 (1.47%) BizTalk Server
11 10 (1.47%) Camunda
12 9 (1.32%) Jetty
12 9 (1.32%) WebLogic
13 8 (1.17%) CMS
13 8 (1.17%) WebSphere Application Server
14 7 (1.03%) nginx
15 6 (0.88%) IIS
16 5 (0.73%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 6 (0.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.29%) Sketch
2 2 (0.29%) Zeplin
3 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.15%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (0.44%) Dynamics CRM
1 3 (0.44%) Magento
1 3 (0.44%) Shopify
2 1 (0.15%) Maximo
2 1 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 1 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
2 1 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
2 1 (0.15%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 178 (26.10%) AWS
2 167 (24.49%) Azure
3 58 (8.50%) GitHub
4 55 (8.06%) PaaS
5 43 (6.30%) Serverless
6 41 (6.01%) GCP
7 34 (4.99%) SaaS
8 29 (4.25%) IaaS
8 29 (4.25%) Power Platform
9 27 (3.96%) AWS CloudFormation
10 25 (3.67%) Azure Active Directory
11 24 (3.52%) Amazon ECS
12 23 (3.37%) AWS Lambda
13 18 (2.64%) Amazon S3
14 15 (2.20%) Boomi
14 15 (2.20%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 14 (2.05%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 14 (2.05%) Amazon Kinesis
15 14 (2.05%) Cloud Computing
16 11 (1.61%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 25 (3.67%) HTTP
2 11 (1.61%) Multicast
3 10 (1.47%) Firewall
4 8 (1.17%) DECT
4 8 (1.17%) Reverse Proxy
4 8 (1.17%) TCP/IP
4 8 (1.17%) Wi-Fi
5 7 (1.03%) HTTPS
5 7 (1.03%) IPv4
5 7 (1.03%) IPv6
5 7 (1.03%) PPP
5 7 (1.03%) SSL
5 7 (1.03%) UPnP
6 6 (0.88%) DNS
7 5 (0.73%) Broadband
8 4 (0.59%) LAN
8 4 (0.59%) SAN
8 4 (0.59%) SNMP
8 4 (0.59%) VPN
8 4 (0.59%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 69 (10.12%) Relational Database
2 54 (7.92%) SQL Server
3 35 (5.13%) PostgreSQL
4 33 (4.84%) NoSQL
5 27 (3.96%) RDBMS
6 25 (3.67%) Redis
7 23 (3.37%) MongoDB
7 23 (3.37%) Power BI
8 22 (3.23%) Hadoop
9 19 (2.79%) Azure SQL Database
10 18 (2.64%) MySQL
11 16 (2.35%) Big Data
11 16 (2.35%) Data Warehouse
12 13 (1.91%) Apache Cassandra
12 13 (1.91%) Apache Hive
13 12 (1.76%) SQLite
14 11 (1.61%) Oracle Database
15 10 (1.47%) Data Lake
16 9 (1.32%) Oracle Database 11g
16 9 (1.32%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 247 (36.22%) Jenkins
2 167 (24.49%) Git (software)
3 89 (13.05%) JIRA
4 60 (8.80%) Maven
5 54 (7.92%) JUnit
6 41 (6.01%) GitLab
7 36 (5.28%) Selenium
8 33 (4.84%) Cucumber
9 31 (4.55%) Gradle
9 31 (4.55%) Mockito
9 31 (4.55%) TeamCity
10 26 (3.81%) Visual Studio
11 25 (3.67%) Ant
12 23 (3.37%) Octopus Deploy
12 23 (3.37%) SonarQube
13 19 (2.79%) JMeter
13 19 (2.79%) Team Foundation Server
14 16 (2.35%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 14 (2.05%) Bitbucket
15 14 (2.05%) git-flow
General
1 166 (24.34%) Finance
2 99 (14.52%) Banking
3 37 (5.43%) Public Sector
4 20 (2.93%) Investment Banking
5 18 (2.64%) Retail
6 17 (2.49%) Front Office
7 13 (1.91%) Telecoms
8 11 (1.61%) Games
9 8 (1.17%) Back Office
9 8 (1.17%) Billing
9 8 (1.17%) Marketing
10 7 (1.03%) Manufacturing
11 6 (0.88%) Advertising
11 6 (0.88%) Electronics
12 5 (0.73%) Legal
12 5 (0.73%) Retail Banking
13 4 (0.59%) Local Government
14 3 (0.44%) Law
15 2 (0.29%) Automotive
15 2 (0.29%) Military
Job Titles
1 368 (53.96%) Developer
2 126 (18.48%) Java Developer
3 68 (9.97%) Senior Developer
4 62 (9.09%) Architect
5 58 (8.50%) DevOps Engineer
6 42 (6.16%) Full Stack Developer
7 38 (5.57%) AWS Developer
8 28 (4.11%) .NET Developer
9 25 (3.67%) Senior Java Developer
10 24 (3.52%) Solutions Architect
11 23 (3.37%) Data Engineer
11 23 (3.37%) React Developer
12 22 (3.23%) AWS Engineer
13 21 (3.08%) Angular Developer
14 20 (2.93%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 19 (2.79%) C# Developer
15 19 (2.79%) Consultant
15 19 (2.79%) SC Cleared Java Developer
15 19 (2.79%) Software Engineer
15 19 (2.79%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 174 (25.51%) Spring
2 125 (18.33%) REST
3 113 (16.57%) RESTful
4 111 (16.28%) HTML
5 109 (15.98%) AngularJS
6 103 (15.10%) React
7 94 (13.78%) .NET
8 90 (13.20%) Spring Boot
9 78 (11.44%) CSS
10 76 (11.14%) HTML5
11 74 (10.85%) Node.js
12 69 (10.12%) Web Services
13 65 (9.53%) JSON
14 56 (8.21%) jQuery
14 56 (8.21%) XML
15 55 (8.06%) Kafka
16 50 (7.33%) Hibernate
17 44 (6.45%) Apache Camel
18 43 (6.30%) JMS
19 38 (5.57%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 66 (9.68%) Enterprise Software
2 55 (8.06%) Analytical Skills
3 39 (5.72%) Clustering
4 33 (4.84%) Data Structures
4 33 (4.84%) Greenfield Project
5 32 (4.69%) Mobile App
5 32 (4.69%) User Experience
6 26 (3.81%) Self-Motivation
7 21 (3.08%) Public Cloud
8 20 (2.93%) Algorithms
9 16 (2.35%) Credit Risk
10 15 (2.20%) Cloud Native
10 15 (2.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 14 (2.05%) N-Tier
12 12 (1.76%) Equities
12 12 (1.76%) Linux Command Line
12 12 (1.76%) Management Information System
13 11 (1.61%) Embedded Systems
13 11 (1.61%) Fixed Income
14 10 (1.47%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 138 (20.23%) Linux
2 48 (7.04%) Windows
3 40 (5.87%) Android
4 36 (5.28%) Unix
5 20 (2.93%) Apple iOS
6 18 (2.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 9 (1.32%) CentOS
7 9 (1.32%) OpenWrt
8 7 (1.03%) Ubuntu
9 6 (0.88%) Solaris
10 5 (0.73%) Windows Server
11 4 (0.59%) Windows Server 2016
12 3 (0.44%) Mac OS
12 3 (0.44%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.29%) Embedded Linux
13 2 (0.29%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.29%) tvOS
14 1 (0.15%) Android TV
14 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
14 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 443 (64.96%) Agile Software Development
2 237 (34.75%) DevOps
3 221 (32.40%) Microservices
4 213 (31.23%) TDD
5 193 (28.30%) Test Automation
6 166 (24.34%) Scrum
7 164 (24.05%) Continuous Delivery
8 116 (17.01%) Software Engineering
9 89 (13.05%) BDD
10 88 (12.90%) Unit Testing
11 86 (12.61%) Continuous Deployment
12 84 (12.32%) Open Source
13 82 (12.02%) OO
14 76 (11.14%) SDLC
15 75 (11.00%) Problem-Solving
16 67 (9.82%) Infrastructure as Code
17 66 (9.68%) Deployment Automation
17 66 (9.68%) Web Development
18 65 (9.53%) Configuration Management
18 65 (9.53%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 337 (49.41%) Java
2 214 (31.38%) JavaScript
3 172 (25.22%) Python
4 136 (19.94%) SQL
5 99 (14.52%) C#
6 81 (11.88%) Java 8
7 62 (9.09%) PowerShell
8 61 (8.94%) TypeScript
9 52 (7.62%) Kotlin
10 44 (6.45%) Scala
11 43 (6.30%) Bash Shell
12 37 (5.43%) Ruby
13 32 (4.69%) Go
14 28 (4.11%) Shell Script
15 27 (3.96%) C++
16 23 (3.37%) C
16 23 (3.37%) ES6
17 18 (2.64%) PL/SQL
18 14 (2.05%) Perl
19 11 (1.61%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 95 (13.93%) Security Cleared
2 81 (11.88%) SC Cleared
3 39 (5.72%) Degree
4 20 (2.93%) Computer Science Degree
5 15 (2.20%) AWS Certification
6 13 (1.91%) Master's Degree
7 11 (1.61%) DV Cleared
8 4 (0.59%) PhD
9 2 (0.29%) CCNA
9 2 (0.29%) CCNP
9 2 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
9 2 (0.29%) RHCE
9 2 (0.29%) RHCSA
9 2 (0.29%) RHCVA
10 1 (0.15%) ISEB
10 1 (0.15%) ISTQB
10 1 (0.15%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 1 (0.15%) MCSE
10 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
10 1 (0.15%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (6.89%) QA
2 8 (1.17%) JTAG
3 6 (0.88%) MiFID
4 3 (0.44%) WCAG
System Software
1 142 (20.82%) Docker
2 23 (3.37%) Active Directory
3 13 (1.91%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (1.61%) HDFS
5 6 (0.88%) Xen
6 4 (0.59%) Hyper-V
6 4 (0.59%) KVM
6 4 (0.59%) NFS
6 4 (0.59%) Oracle RAC
6 4 (0.59%) SRDF
7 3 (0.44%) Varnish
7 3 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.44%) vSphere
8 2 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.29%) etcd
9 1 (0.15%) Ceph
9 1 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 131 (19.21%) Kubernetes
2 91 (13.34%) Terraform
3 73 (10.70%) Ansible
4 43 (6.30%) Puppet
5 35 (5.13%) Prometheus
6 30 (4.40%) Grafana
7 28 (4.11%) Opscode Chef
8 10 (1.47%) Kibana
9 8 (1.17%) Hadoop YARN
9 8 (1.17%) Zipkin
10 6 (0.88%) Consul
10 6 (0.88%) Salt
11 5 (0.73%) Packer
11 5 (0.73%) Rundeck
12 4 (0.59%) Rancher
13 3 (0.44%) HP Quality Center
13 3 (0.44%) Istio
13 3 (0.44%) vRealize Orchestrator
13 3 (0.44%) ZABBIX
14 2 (0.29%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 79 (11.58%) Oracle
2 71 (10.41%) Microsoft
3 28 (4.11%) Red Hat
4 27 (3.96%) Atlassian
5 22 (3.23%) Google
6 18 (2.64%) Dell
6 18 (2.64%) MuleSoft
6 18 (2.64%) Splunk
7 17 (2.49%) Salesforce.com
7 17 (2.49%) Talend
8 14 (2.05%) SAP
8 14 (2.05%) VMware
9 13 (1.91%) Axway
9 13 (1.91%) webMethods
10 12 (1.76%) HP
11 10 (1.47%) Fiorano
11 10 (1.47%) Jitterbit
11 10 (1.47%) TIBCO
12 9 (1.32%) AppDynamics
13 8 (1.17%) New Relic