Period
to 29 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 29 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
England > London
6 months to
29 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 75 48 36
Rank change year-on-year -27 -12 -2
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 518 1,699 2,768
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.26% 4.86% 5.97%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.71% 5.53% 6.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 415 1,211 2,040
Median daily rate £525 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% +4.76% -
10th Percentile £400 £413 £409
90th Percentile £700 £723 £675
England median daily rate £500 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 24 3
Median hourly rate £35.00 £72.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -51.72% +107.14% -
England median hourly rate £35.00 £58.75 £36.25
% change year-on-year -40.43% +62.07% -23.68%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 13,966 30,715 41,009
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 88.00% 87.95% 88.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,421 21,960 29,578
Median daily rate £500 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.44% +2.50% -
10th Percentile £319 £325 £325
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
England median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 198 405 480
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.50 £23.86
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +42.86% +2.69% +6.03%
10th Percentile £18.70 £12.44 £13.29
90th Percentile £58.00 £53.75 £54.71
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.00 £22.00
% change year-on-year +45.83% +9.09% -4.35%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in London.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in London over the 6 months to 29 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in London.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the London region over the 6 months to 29 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -1 92 £525 -7.49% 93
South London -9 24 £516 -1.67% 8
West London +3 19 £548 +4.29% 25
East London +7 6 £225 -60.87% 7
Continuous Integration
England

For the 6 months to 29 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 344 (66.41%) Agile Software Development
2 248 (47.88%) Java
3 201 (38.80%) Jenkins
4 177 (34.17%) DevOps
5 159 (30.69%) Python
6 154 (29.73%) TDD
7 153 (29.54%) Git (software)
8 151 (29.15%) Test Automation
9 148 (28.57%) JavaScript
10 147 (28.38%) Microservices
11 143 (27.61%) Continuous Delivery
11 143 (27.61%) Finance
12 135 (26.06%) AWS
13 131 (25.29%) Scrum
14 122 (23.55%) Linux
15 118 (22.78%) Spring
16 106 (20.46%) Docker
17 104 (20.08%) Azure
18 96 (18.53%) HTML
18 96 (18.53%) Banking
19 92 (17.76%) Kubernetes
20 91 (17.57%) REST
21 90 (17.37%) SQL
22 87 (16.80%) AngularJS
23 85 (16.41%) Terraform
24 77 (14.86%) Ansible
25 76 (14.67%) CSS
26 75 (14.48%) JIRA
27 71 (13.71%) BDD
28 68 (13.13%) RESTful

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 46 (8.88%) Confluence
2 30 (5.79%) Red Hat Fuse
3 26 (5.02%) Apache
4 21 (4.05%) WebSphere
5 19 (3.67%) Apache Spark
6 18 (3.47%) JBoss
7 17 (3.28%) Tomcat
8 11 (2.12%) OpenStack
9 10 (1.93%) Apache ServiceMix
9 10 (1.93%) BizTalk Server
9 10 (1.93%) Elasticsearch
10 9 (1.74%) nginx
10 9 (1.74%) SharePoint
11 6 (1.16%) Cloud Foundry
11 6 (1.16%) SAS
11 6 (1.16%) WebLogic
12 5 (0.97%) CMS
13 4 (0.77%) IIS
13 4 (0.77%) Tornado
14 3 (0.58%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 8 (1.54%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.39%) Sketch
2 2 (0.39%) Zeplin
3 1 (0.19%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (0.58%) Magento
1 3 (0.58%) Shopify
2 1 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.19%) Markit EDM
2 1 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 1 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
2 1 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
2 1 (0.19%) Temenos T24
2 1 (0.19%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 135 (26.06%) AWS
2 104 (20.08%) Azure
3 47 (9.07%) GitHub
4 45 (8.69%) PaaS
5 35 (6.76%) GCP
6 29 (5.60%) SaaS
7 28 (5.41%) Serverless
8 27 (5.21%) IaaS
9 25 (4.83%) Amazon ECS
10 24 (4.63%) AWS CloudFormation
11 21 (4.05%) Amazon S3
12 20 (3.86%) Cloud Computing
13 19 (3.67%) Amazon EC2
13 19 (3.67%) AWS Lambda
14 17 (3.28%) Amazon Kinesis
15 16 (3.09%) Amazon ElastiCache
16 15 (2.90%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 14 (2.70%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 13 (2.51%) AWS Step Functions
19 11 (2.12%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 34 (6.56%) HTTP
2 14 (2.70%) TCP/IP
3 11 (2.12%) Firewall
3 11 (2.12%) SSL
4 10 (1.93%) DNS
5 8 (1.54%) Reverse Proxy
6 7 (1.35%) Kerberos
7 5 (0.97%) HTTPS
7 5 (0.97%) Internet
8 4 (0.77%) SNMP
8 4 (0.77%) VLAN
9 3 (0.58%) DHCP
9 3 (0.58%) VPN
10 2 (0.39%) AMQP
10 2 (0.39%) FTP
10 2 (0.39%) IPsec
11 1 (0.19%) DVB
11 1 (0.19%) SSH
11 1 (0.19%) UPnP
11 1 (0.19%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 46 (8.88%) Relational Database
2 44 (8.49%) SQL Server
3 31 (5.98%) NoSQL
4 27 (5.21%) PostgreSQL
5 22 (4.25%) MySQL
6 21 (4.05%) RDBMS
6 21 (4.05%) Redis
7 19 (3.67%) Data Warehouse
8 17 (3.28%) Big Data
9 14 (2.70%) Hadoop
10 13 (2.51%) Apache Hive
10 13 (2.51%) MongoDB
10 13 (2.51%) Oracle Database
11 11 (2.12%) Amazon Aurora
11 11 (2.12%) Amazon RDS
12 10 (1.93%) Apache Cassandra
12 10 (1.93%) Oracle Database 11g
12 10 (1.93%) Oracle Database 12c
13 9 (1.74%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 7 (1.35%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 201 (38.80%) Jenkins
2 153 (29.54%) Git (software)
3 75 (14.48%) JIRA
4 42 (8.11%) JUnit
5 40 (7.72%) TeamCity
6 39 (7.53%) Maven
7 32 (6.18%) Cucumber
8 30 (5.79%) GitLab
9 28 (5.41%) Selenium
10 22 (4.25%) JMeter
11 21 (4.05%) Gradle
12 19 (3.67%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 19 (3.67%) SonarQube
13 17 (3.28%) Mockito
14 15 (2.90%) Ant
15 14 (2.70%) Subversion
16 13 (2.51%) Cypress.io
16 13 (2.51%) Jasmine
17 12 (2.32%) MSBuild
18 10 (1.93%) Bitbucket
General
1 143 (27.61%) Finance
2 96 (18.53%) Banking
3 32 (6.18%) Public Sector
4 27 (5.21%) Investment Banking
5 18 (3.47%) Front Office
6 12 (2.32%) Back Office
7 9 (1.74%) Games
8 7 (1.35%) Retail Banking
9 6 (1.16%) Advertising
9 6 (1.16%) Legal
9 6 (1.16%) Retail
9 6 (1.16%) Social Housing
10 5 (0.97%) Billing
10 5 (0.97%) Telecoms
11 4 (0.77%) Local Government
11 4 (0.77%) Manufacturing
11 4 (0.77%) Marketing
12 3 (0.58%) Electronics
12 3 (0.58%) Law
13 2 (0.39%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 250 (48.26%) Developer
2 86 (16.60%) Java Developer
3 52 (10.04%) DevOps Engineer
4 41 (7.92%) Architect
4 41 (7.92%) Full Stack Developer
5 34 (6.56%) Senior Developer
6 25 (4.83%) .NET Developer
7 21 (4.05%) Data Engineer
7 21 (4.05%) Java Engineer
7 21 (4.05%) Tester
8 20 (3.86%) Angular Developer
8 20 (3.86%) Python Developer
9 18 (3.47%) AWS Developer
9 18 (3.47%) C# .NET Developer
9 18 (3.47%) C# Developer
10 17 (3.28%) AWS Engineer
11 16 (3.09%) React Developer
12 15 (2.90%) AWS DevOps
12 15 (2.90%) Consultant
13 14 (2.70%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 118 (22.78%) Spring
2 96 (18.53%) HTML
3 91 (17.57%) REST
4 87 (16.80%) AngularJS
5 76 (14.67%) CSS
6 68 (13.13%) RESTful
7 62 (11.97%) .NET
8 60 (11.58%) Spring Boot
9 53 (10.23%) React
9 53 (10.23%) Web Services
10 51 (9.85%) HTML5
11 50 (9.65%) Kafka
12 45 (8.69%) Node.js
13 44 (8.49%) JSON
14 37 (7.14%) jQuery
15 36 (6.95%) XML
16 34 (6.56%) Apache Camel
17 32 (6.18%) Middleware
18 27 (5.21%) Hibernate
18 27 (5.21%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 49 (9.46%) Enterprise Software
2 40 (7.72%) Analytical Skills
3 34 (6.56%) User Experience
4 25 (4.83%) Clustering
5 22 (4.25%) Mobile App
6 20 (3.86%) Data Structures
7 16 (3.09%) Credit Risk
8 14 (2.70%) Fixed Income
8 14 (2.70%) Self-Motivation
9 11 (2.12%) Public Cloud
10 9 (1.74%) Derivative
10 9 (1.74%) Management Information System
11 8 (1.54%) Blog
11 8 (1.54%) Cloud Native
11 8 (1.54%) Data Centre
11 8 (1.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 8 (1.54%) Mobile Payment
12 6 (1.16%) Algorithms
12 6 (1.16%) Hedge funds
12 6 (1.16%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 122 (23.55%) Linux
2 32 (6.18%) Unix
2 32 (6.18%) Windows
3 23 (4.44%) Android
4 22 (4.25%) CentOS
5 20 (3.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 14 (2.70%) Ubuntu
7 13 (2.51%) Apple iOS
8 8 (1.54%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
8 8 (1.54%) Windows Server
8 8 (1.54%) Windows Server 2016
9 5 (0.97%) Mac OS
10 4 (0.77%) Solaris
10 4 (0.77%) tvOS
10 4 (0.77%) Windows 10
11 3 (0.58%) Fedora
11 3 (0.58%) Windows Server 2008
11 3 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
11 3 (0.58%) Windows Server 2019
12 2 (0.39%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 344 (66.41%) Agile Software Development
2 177 (34.17%) DevOps
3 154 (29.73%) TDD
4 151 (29.15%) Test Automation
5 147 (28.38%) Microservices
6 143 (27.61%) Continuous Delivery
7 131 (25.29%) Scrum
8 71 (13.71%) BDD
9 62 (11.97%) Open Source
10 59 (11.39%) Problem-Solving
11 55 (10.62%) Software Engineering
12 54 (10.42%) Unit Testing
13 53 (10.23%) Infrastructure as Code
13 53 (10.23%) OO
14 52 (10.04%) Kanban
15 51 (9.85%) Continuous Deployment
16 48 (9.27%) Analytics
16 48 (9.27%) Configuration Management
17 44 (8.49%) SDLC
18 42 (8.11%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 248 (47.88%) Java
2 159 (30.69%) Python
3 148 (28.57%) JavaScript
4 90 (17.37%) SQL
5 61 (11.78%) C#
6 45 (8.69%) Java 8
7 38 (7.34%) Scala
8 33 (6.37%) PowerShell
9 32 (6.18%) TypeScript
10 30 (5.79%) Bash Shell
11 27 (5.21%) Kotlin
11 27 (5.21%) Ruby
12 24 (4.63%) Go
13 21 (4.05%) C++
14 14 (2.70%) Perl
14 14 (2.70%) Shell Script
15 13 (2.51%) Groovy
16 10 (1.93%) C
16 10 (1.93%) PL/SQL
17 9 (1.74%) R
Qualifications
1 63 (12.16%) Security Cleared
2 54 (10.42%) SC Cleared
3 28 (5.41%) Degree
4 18 (3.47%) Computer Science Degree
5 13 (2.51%) AWS Certification
6 6 (1.16%) Master's Degree
7 5 (0.97%) DV Cleared
7 5 (0.97%) ISEB
8 4 (0.77%) PhD
9 3 (0.58%) BPSS Clearance
10 2 (0.39%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.19%) CCNA
11 1 (0.19%) CCNP
11 1 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
11 1 (0.19%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.19%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
11 1 (0.19%) MCSE
11 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 52 (10.04%) QA
2 4 (0.77%) MiFID
3 1 (0.19%) JTAG
3 1 (0.19%) WCAG
System Software
1 106 (20.46%) Docker
2 18 (3.47%) VMware Infrastructure
3 14 (2.70%) Active Directory
4 11 (2.12%) VMware ESXi
5 8 (1.54%) HDFS
6 4 (0.77%) vSphere
7 3 (0.58%) Varnish
8 2 (0.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.39%) etcd
8 2 (0.39%) Postfix
8 2 (0.39%) Xen
9 1 (0.19%) Ceph
9 1 (0.19%) LXC
9 1 (0.19%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 1 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 92 (17.76%) Kubernetes
2 85 (16.41%) Terraform
3 77 (14.86%) Ansible
4 47 (9.07%) Puppet
5 36 (6.95%) Opscode Chef
6 23 (4.44%) Grafana
7 22 (4.25%) Prometheus
8 13 (2.51%) Kibana
9 10 (1.93%) Packer
10 9 (1.74%) Salt
11 8 (1.54%) Consul
12 5 (0.97%) Hadoop YARN
12 5 (0.97%) Rundeck
13 4 (0.77%) logstash
13 4 (0.77%) Red Hat Satellite
13 4 (0.77%) ZABBIX
13 4 (0.77%) Zipkin
14 3 (0.58%) HP Quality Center
14 3 (0.58%) Microsoft Clustering
14 3 (0.58%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 61 (11.78%) Oracle
2 43 (8.30%) Microsoft
3 41 (7.92%) Red Hat
4 25 (4.83%) Atlassian
5 24 (4.63%) Google
6 21 (4.05%) Dell
7 19 (3.67%) VMware
8 17 (3.28%) Talend
9 15 (2.90%) Bloomberg
9 15 (2.90%) Splunk
10 14 (2.70%) Axway
10 14 (2.70%) MuleSoft
10 14 (2.70%) Salesforce.com
11 11 (2.12%) SaltStack
12 10 (1.93%) Databricks
12 10 (1.93%) Fiorano
12 10 (1.93%) Jitterbit
12 10 (1.93%) TIBCO
12 10 (1.93%) webMethods
13 9 (1.74%) HP