Period
to 22 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 22 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
England > London
6 months to
22 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 44 33 42
Rank change year-on-year -11 +9 +6
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 2,228 2,792 1,952
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 5.28% 6.05% 4.87%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.96% 6.88% 5.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,546 2,122 1,451
London median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £413 £412 £375
90th Percentile £688 £650 £638
England median daily rate £513 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 3 2
London median hourly rate £35.00 £32.00 £43.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.38% -26.86% -12.50%
10th Percentile £25.50 £31.00 £39.50
90th Percentile £48.50 £34.60 £48.00
England median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -30.00% +17.65% -12.37%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 37,371 40,585 34,890
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 88.61% 87.88% 86.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 26,673 29,304 25,079
London median daily rate £513 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £325 £315 £313
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
England median daily rate £475 £463 £445
% change year-on-year +2.70% +3.93% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 423 566 390
London median hourly rate £29.00 £24.50 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.37% -2.00% +19.05%
10th Percentile £12.75 £14.00 £12.73
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.49 £53.81
England median hourly rate £24.96 £22.50 £25.00
% change year-on-year +10.93% -10.00% +7.11%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in London over the 6 months to 22 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in London over the 6 months to 22 April 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the London region over the 6 months to 22 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -15 417 £550 +4.76% 32
South London +1 143 £525 - 2
West London -31 87 £525 - 10
East London -11 85 £600 +14.29%
North London -11 1 - - 3
Continuous Integration
England

For the 6 months to 22 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 1,429 (64.14%) Agile Software Development
2 921 (41.34%) Java
3 912 (40.93%) DevOps
4 898 (40.31%) Jenkins
5 825 (37.03%) TDD
6 755 (33.89%) Amazon AWS
7 655 (29.40%) Test Automation
8 643 (28.86%) Git (software)
9 587 (26.35%) Scrum
10 552 (24.78%) Linux
11 510 (22.89%) JavaScript
12 493 (22.13%) Finance
13 471 (21.14%) Continuous Delivery
14 470 (21.10%) Microsoft Azure
15 468 (21.01%) Docker
16 465 (20.87%) Microservices
17 464 (20.83%) Python
18 435 (19.52%) Ansible
19 419 (18.81%) Kubernetes
20 405 (18.18%) SQL
21 382 (17.15%) BDD
22 365 (16.38%) C#
23 353 (15.84%) Puppet
24 351 (15.75%) Web Services
25 348 (15.62%) .NET
26 329 (14.77%) REST
27 319 (14.32%) Continuous Deployment
28 310 (13.91%) Kanban
28 310 (13.91%) Configuration Management
29 302 (13.55%) AngularJS

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 143 (6.42%) Tomcat
2 121 (5.43%) Apache
3 118 (5.30%) WebSphere
4 108 (4.85%) Confluence
5 107 (4.80%) Elasticsearch
6 85 (3.82%) WebLogic
7 73 (3.28%) OpenStack
8 71 (3.19%) nginx
9 59 (2.65%) IIS
10 45 (2.02%) Apache Spark
10 45 (2.02%) JBoss
10 45 (2.02%) Jetty
11 41 (1.84%) Cloud Foundry
12 29 (1.30%) Mongrel
13 21 (0.94%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 17 (0.76%) GlassFish
14 17 (0.76%) SharePoint
15 15 (0.67%) CMS
16 13 (0.58%) WebSphere Application Server
17 12 (0.54%) Drupal
Applications
1 37 (1.66%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
3 3 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.045%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.045%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.045%) GIMP
4 1 (0.045%) InVision
4 1 (0.045%) iWork
4 1 (0.045%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.045%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.045%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 7 (0.31%) Sentinel
2 6 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.27%) Unit4 Business World
3 4 (0.18%) Summit
4 3 (0.13%) BusinessWorks
5 2 (0.090%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.045%) Actimize
6 1 (0.045%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.045%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.045%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 755 (33.89%) Amazon AWS
2 470 (21.10%) Microsoft Azure
3 185 (8.30%) Google Cloud Platform
4 177 (7.94%) Amazon EC2
5 147 (6.60%) GitHub
6 113 (5.07%) Serverless
7 96 (4.31%) Amazon S3
7 96 (4.31%) AWS Lambda
8 89 (3.99%) AWS CloudFormation
9 86 (3.86%) OpenShift
10 80 (3.59%) PaaS
11 64 (2.87%) SaaS
12 63 (2.83%) Amazon SQS
13 58 (2.60%) IaaS
14 52 (2.33%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 46 (2.06%) Google App Engine
16 44 (1.97%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 41 (1.84%) Cloud Computing
18 39 (1.75%) Datadog
19 32 (1.44%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 164 (7.36%) HTTP
2 103 (4.62%) TCP/IP
3 83 (3.73%) DNS
4 80 (3.59%) SSL
5 76 (3.41%) FTP
6 64 (2.87%) DHCP
6 64 (2.87%) IPsec
7 33 (1.48%) Internet
8 15 (0.67%) Firewall
9 12 (0.54%) Kerberos
9 12 (0.54%) VPN
10 9 (0.40%) Network Security
11 8 (0.36%) DSL
12 7 (0.31%) Unified Communications
13 5 (0.22%) HTTPS
13 5 (0.22%) Reverse Proxy
14 3 (0.13%) Broadband
14 3 (0.13%) Intranet
15 2 (0.090%) PuTTY
15 2 (0.090%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 237 (10.64%) NoSQL
2 231 (10.37%) SQL Server
3 192 (8.62%) Relational Database
4 173 (7.76%) PostgreSQL
5 160 (7.18%) MySQL
6 159 (7.14%) MongoDB
7 155 (6.96%) Big Data
8 92 (4.13%) Amazon RDS
9 77 (3.46%) Amazon Redshift
10 61 (2.74%) RDBMS
11 58 (2.60%) Hadoop
12 54 (2.42%) Apache Cassandra
13 44 (1.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 38 (1.71%) SQL Server 2005
14 38 (1.71%) SQL Server 2012
15 36 (1.62%) BigQuery
16 34 (1.53%) Data Warehouse
17 32 (1.44%) SQL Server 2008
18 30 (1.35%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 29 (1.30%) Redis
Development Applications
1 898 (40.31%) Jenkins
2 643 (28.86%) Git (software)
3 231 (10.37%) Maven
4 230 (10.32%) JIRA
5 202 (9.07%) TeamCity
6 185 (8.30%) Selenium
7 161 (7.23%) Cucumber
8 157 (7.05%) JUnit
9 112 (5.03%) Mockito
10 109 (4.89%) Subversion
11 105 (4.71%) Team Foundation Server
12 100 (4.49%) GitLab
13 89 (3.99%) Bitbucket
13 89 (3.99%) SonarQube
14 85 (3.82%) Octopus Deploy
14 85 (3.82%) Travis CI
15 81 (3.64%) Sonatype Nexus
16 78 (3.50%) Visual Studio
17 77 (3.46%) NUnit
17 77 (3.46%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 493 (22.13%) Finance
2 259 (11.62%) Banking
3 83 (3.73%) Front Office
4 82 (3.68%) Retail
5 73 (3.28%) Financial Institution
6 62 (2.78%) Investment Banking
7 50 (2.24%) Games
8 48 (2.15%) Telecoms
9 46 (2.06%) Marketing
10 40 (1.80%) Manufacturing
11 36 (1.62%) Electronics
12 26 (1.17%) Legal
13 20 (0.90%) Back Office
13 20 (0.90%) Law
14 18 (0.81%) Publishing
15 11 (0.49%) Billing
16 10 (0.45%) Advertising
17 9 (0.40%) Online Betting
18 8 (0.36%) Retail Banking
19 6 (0.27%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 1,060 (47.58%) Developer
2 364 (16.34%) DevOps Engineer
3 332 (14.90%) Java Developer
4 192 (8.62%) Architect
5 150 (6.73%) Senior Developer
6 143 (6.42%) C# Developer
7 109 (4.89%) Full Stack Developer
8 103 (4.62%) Tester
9 98 (4.40%) .NET Developer
10 94 (4.22%) Angular Developer
11 85 (3.82%) React Developer
12 79 (3.55%) AWS Architect
13 77 (3.46%) AWS Developer
13 77 (3.46%) JavaScript Developer
14 74 (3.32%) AWS Engineer
15 63 (2.83%) Technical Architect
16 61 (2.74%) Senior Java Developer
17 60 (2.69%) Automation Tester
17 60 (2.69%) Senior DevOps
18 57 (2.56%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 351 (15.75%) Web Services
2 348 (15.62%) .NET
3 329 (14.77%) REST
4 302 (13.55%) AngularJS
5 278 (12.48%) RESTful
6 271 (12.16%) Spring
7 265 (11.89%) HTML
8 250 (11.22%) Node.js
9 248 (11.13%) CSS
10 224 (10.05%) JSON
11 193 (8.66%) React
12 166 (7.45%) SOAP
13 149 (6.69%) J2EE
14 133 (5.97%) HTML5
15 132 (5.92%) Kafka
16 124 (5.57%) XML
17 105 (4.71%) Spring Boot
18 82 (3.68%) jQuery
19 79 (3.55%) Elastic Stack
20 78 (3.50%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 202 (9.07%) Analytical Skills
2 137 (6.15%) Greenfield Project
3 109 (4.89%) User Experience
4 86 (3.86%) Mobile App
5 79 (3.55%) Fintech
6 75 (3.37%) Fixed Income
7 72 (3.23%) Hedge funds
8 64 (2.87%) Data Structures
9 54 (2.42%) Derivative
10 50 (2.24%) Algorithms
11 47 (2.11%) Public Cloud
12 42 (1.89%) Linux Command Line
13 40 (1.80%) Enterprise Software
14 37 (1.66%) Self-Motivation
15 31 (1.39%) Cloud Native
15 31 (1.39%) OTC Derivatives
16 28 (1.26%) Video on Demand
17 24 (1.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 23 (1.03%) Management Information System
19 22 (0.99%) Thin Client
Operating Systems
1 552 (24.78%) Linux
2 172 (7.72%) Windows
3 159 (7.14%) Unix
4 78 (3.50%) Android
5 72 (3.23%) Apple iOS
6 48 (2.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 39 (1.75%) Windows Server
8 36 (1.62%) Ubuntu
9 24 (1.08%) Mac OS X
10 20 (0.90%) CentOS
11 10 (0.45%) Windows Server 2008
12 7 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
13 5 (0.22%) CoreOS
13 5 (0.22%) Mesosphere
14 4 (0.18%) Debian
14 4 (0.18%) Mac OS
14 4 (0.18%) tvOS
15 2 (0.090%) Amazon Linux
15 2 (0.090%) Fedora
15 2 (0.090%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,429 (64.14%) Agile Software Development
2 912 (40.93%) DevOps
3 825 (37.03%) TDD
4 655 (29.40%) Test Automation
5 587 (26.35%) Scrum
6 471 (21.14%) Continuous Delivery
7 465 (20.87%) Microservices
8 382 (17.15%) BDD
9 319 (14.32%) Continuous Deployment
10 310 (13.91%) Configuration Management
10 310 (13.91%) Kanban
11 280 (12.57%) Open Source
12 231 (10.37%) Software Engineering
13 224 (10.05%) Deployment Automation
14 216 (9.69%) OO
15 215 (9.65%) Unit Testing
16 192 (8.62%) Pair Programming
17 176 (7.90%) Migration
18 174 (7.81%) Problem-Solving
19 167 (7.50%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 921 (41.34%) Java
2 510 (22.89%) JavaScript
3 464 (20.83%) Python
4 405 (18.18%) SQL
5 365 (16.38%) C#
6 183 (8.21%) Bash Shell
7 176 (7.90%) Ruby
8 131 (5.88%) Scala
9 120 (5.39%) PowerShell
10 98 (4.40%) Java 8
11 85 (3.82%) TypeScript
12 78 (3.50%) Shell Script
13 73 (3.28%) PHP
14 67 (3.01%) Go
14 67 (3.01%) Groovy
15 66 (2.96%) C++
16 65 (2.92%) Perl
17 36 (1.62%) Kotlin
17 36 (1.62%) T-SQL
18 35 (1.57%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 194 (8.71%) Security Cleared
2 151 (6.78%) SC Cleared
3 131 (5.88%) Degree
4 48 (2.15%) BPSS Clearance
5 28 (1.26%) Computer Science Degree
6 26 (1.17%) Numerate Degree
7 23 (1.03%) CTC Cleared
8 14 (0.63%) AWS Certification
9 10 (0.45%) DBS Check
9 10 (0.45%) Sun Certification
10 8 (0.36%) ISTQB
11 7 (0.31%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 7 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
11 7 (0.31%) CISSP
11 7 (0.31%) Master's Degree
11 7 (0.31%) MCSE
11 7 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
11 7 (0.31%) OCPJP
12 6 (0.27%) ISEB
12 6 (0.27%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 180 (8.08%) QA
2 42 (1.89%) Data Quality
3 17 (0.76%) Disclosure Scotland
4 10 (0.45%) GDPR
5 8 (0.36%) SEPA
6 6 (0.27%) SLA
7 5 (0.22%) PSD2
8 4 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.18%) Solvency II
9 3 (0.13%) MiFID
9 3 (0.13%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.045%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.045%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 468 (21.01%) Docker
2 101 (4.53%) VMware Infrastructure
3 69 (3.10%) Virtual Machines
4 46 (2.06%) vSphere
5 35 (1.57%) Xen
6 28 (1.26%) Active Directory
7 26 (1.17%) HDFS
8 21 (0.94%) vCloud
9 6 (0.27%) KVM
9 6 (0.27%) VirtualBox
10 5 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 5 (0.22%) Hyper-V
10 5 (0.22%) OpenAM
10 5 (0.22%) OpenDJ
11 3 (0.13%) etcd
11 3 (0.13%) Firmware
11 3 (0.13%) flannel
11 3 (0.13%) Squid
12 2 (0.090%) Ceph
12 2 (0.090%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 435 (19.52%) Ansible
2 419 (18.81%) Kubernetes
3 353 (15.84%) Puppet
4 252 (11.31%) Terraform
5 248 (11.13%) Opscode Chef
6 62 (2.78%) Kibana
7 48 (2.15%) logstash
8 29 (1.30%) Packer
9 28 (1.26%) Nagios
10 25 (1.12%) Control-M
11 24 (1.08%) Mesos
12 22 (0.99%) Docker Swarm
13 21 (0.94%) Grafana
14 18 (0.81%) Single Sign-On
15 15 (0.67%) Consul
15 15 (0.67%) Rancher
16 14 (0.63%) rkt
17 13 (0.58%) HAProxy
17 13 (0.58%) ZABBIX
18 11 (0.49%) Marathon
Vendors
1 212 (9.52%) Microsoft
2 201 (9.02%) Google
3 181 (8.12%) Oracle
4 114 (5.12%) VMware
5 77 (3.46%) Splunk
6 51 (2.29%) New Relic
7 46 (2.06%) SAP
8 42 (1.89%) IBM
9 41 (1.84%) Atlassian
10 40 (1.80%) Greenplum
10 40 (1.80%) Red Hat
11 34 (1.53%) AppDynamics
12 31 (1.39%) Telerik
13 29 (1.30%) HP
14 25 (1.12%) Dynatrace
14 25 (1.12%) Salesforce.com
15 24 (1.08%) Cadence
16 23 (1.03%) ServiceNow
17 21 (0.94%) Hortonworks
18 15 (0.67%) SaltStack