Period
to 20 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 20 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
England > London
6 months to
20 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 36 35 37
Rank change year-on-year -1 +2 +12
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 2,783 2,730 2,422
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 6.00% 5.85% 5.43%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.85% 6.64% 6.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,042 2,078 1,830
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £406 £406 £375
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
England median daily rate £500 £500 £485
% change year-on-year - +3.09% +7.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 5 2
London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £47.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -26.32% -
England median hourly rate £36.25 £47.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year -23.68% +26.67% -1.32%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 40,632 41,092 38,885
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 87.62% 88.04% 87.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,322 29,817 27,868
London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £675 £669 £638
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 473 390 413
London median hourly rate £23.50 £22.50 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.44% +2.27% +10.00%
10th Percentile £13.31 £13.31 £12.25
90th Percentile £55.69 £50.20 £50.11
England median hourly rate £22.00 £23.50 £23.00
% change year-on-year -6.38% +2.17% +4.55%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in London over the 6 months to 20 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in London over the 6 months to 20 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the London region over the 6 months to 20 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +2 498 £525 +5.00% 176
South London +2 241 £525 - 22
West London -10 133 £525 - 96
East London -16 46 £550 -4.35% 27
North London -1 3 £450 +50.00% 4
Continuous Integration
England

For the 6 months to 20 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 1,940 (69.71%) Agile Software Development
2 1,167 (41.93%) Java
3 1,137 (40.86%) TDD
4 1,126 (40.46%) Jenkins
5 927 (33.31%) DevOps
6 827 (29.72%) Amazon AWS
7 815 (29.28%) Git (software)
8 795 (28.57%) Test Automation
8 795 (28.57%) Scrum
9 731 (26.27%) JavaScript
10 614 (22.06%) Docker
11 608 (21.85%) Finance
11 608 (21.85%) BDD
12 590 (21.20%) Python
13 549 (19.73%) Continuous Delivery
14 547 (19.66%) SQL
15 544 (19.55%) Linux
16 505 (18.15%) Ansible
17 500 (17.97%) Microservices
18 479 (17.21%) C#
19 441 (15.85%) Microsoft Azure
20 437 (15.70%) Puppet
21 427 (15.34%) Web Services
22 406 (14.59%) Kanban
23 401 (14.41%) .NET
24 397 (14.27%) REST
25 383 (13.76%) Spring
26 374 (13.44%) CSS
27 362 (13.01%) Kubernetes
28 361 (12.97%) JIRA

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 179 (6.43%) Confluence
2 159 (5.71%) Tomcat
3 152 (5.46%) Elasticsearch
4 147 (5.28%) WebSphere
5 131 (4.71%) Apache
6 111 (3.99%) OpenStack
7 103 (3.70%) WebLogic
8 87 (3.13%) Apache Spark
9 63 (2.26%) CMS
9 63 (2.26%) IIS
10 37 (1.33%) Cloud Foundry
11 35 (1.26%) nginx
12 30 (1.08%) JBoss
13 26 (0.93%) Drupal
14 21 (0.75%) Jetty
15 20 (0.72%) Apache Solr
16 14 (0.50%) Mongrel
16 14 (0.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 14 (0.50%) WordPress
17 13 (0.47%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 89 (3.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 41 (1.47%) MS Visio
3 18 (0.65%) Spreadsheet
4 12 (0.43%) Photoshop
5 6 (0.22%) Fireworks
6 5 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
6 5 (0.18%) Chatbot
6 5 (0.18%) InVision
7 2 (0.072%) GIMP
8 1 (0.036%) HipChat
8 1 (0.036%) Microsoft Office
8 1 (0.036%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.036%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 6 (0.22%) Oracle EBS R12
1 6 (0.22%) Oracle FAH
2 5 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
2 5 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.18%) thinkFolio
3 4 (0.14%) ION MarketView
3 4 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
4 3 (0.11%) Sentinel
5 2 (0.072%) Bloomberg AIM
5 2 (0.072%) Dynamics NAV
5 2 (0.072%) Eagle PACE
5 2 (0.072%) Global One
5 2 (0.072%) LatentZero
5 2 (0.072%) Magento
5 2 (0.072%) Oracle Cash Management
5 2 (0.072%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.072%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.072%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.072%) Summit
6 1 (0.036%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 827 (29.72%) Amazon AWS
2 441 (15.85%) Microsoft Azure
3 188 (6.76%) GitHub
4 147 (5.28%) Google Cloud Platform
5 140 (5.03%) Amazon EC2
6 93 (3.34%) Amazon S3
7 91 (3.27%) PaaS
8 83 (2.98%) AWS CloudFormation
9 67 (2.41%) SaaS
10 61 (2.19%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 59 (2.12%) Serverless
12 55 (1.98%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 52 (1.87%) IaaS
14 42 (1.51%) AWS Lambda
15 40 (1.44%) Datadog
16 39 (1.40%) npm
17 38 (1.37%) OpenShift
18 35 (1.26%) Cloud Computing
19 24 (0.86%) Heroku
20 20 (0.72%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 149 (5.35%) HTTP
2 59 (2.12%) DNS
3 49 (1.76%) Firewall
4 44 (1.58%) TCP/IP
5 37 (1.33%) Internet
6 31 (1.11%) SSL
7 22 (0.79%) Kerberos
8 19 (0.68%) DHCP
9 15 (0.54%) FTP
9 15 (0.54%) HTTPS
10 14 (0.50%) IPsec
10 14 (0.50%) VPN
11 10 (0.36%) OpenLDAP
11 10 (0.36%) SSH
12 9 (0.32%) OpenVPN
12 9 (0.32%) Reverse Proxy
12 9 (0.32%) Software-Defined Networking
13 6 (0.22%) Network Security
14 4 (0.14%) AMQP
15 3 (0.11%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 307 (11.03%) NoSQL
2 290 (10.42%) SQL Server
3 253 (9.09%) PostgreSQL
4 197 (7.08%) MySQL
5 182 (6.54%) Relational Database
6 150 (5.39%) Big Data
7 143 (5.14%) MongoDB
8 128 (4.60%) Hadoop
9 79 (2.84%) Apache Hive
10 74 (2.66%) RDBMS
11 63 (2.26%) Apache Cassandra
12 61 (2.19%) Data Warehouse
13 60 (2.16%) Impala
14 53 (1.90%) Sqoop
15 44 (1.58%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 43 (1.55%) Amazon RDS
17 29 (1.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 29 (1.04%) Amazon Redshift
17 29 (1.04%) Data Lake
18 26 (0.93%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 1,126 (40.46%) Jenkins
2 815 (29.28%) Git (software)
3 361 (12.97%) JIRA
4 316 (11.35%) Maven
5 299 (10.74%) TeamCity
6 256 (9.20%) Selenium
7 199 (7.15%) Cucumber
8 188 (6.76%) JUnit
9 138 (4.96%) NUnit
10 127 (4.56%) Subversion
11 113 (4.06%) MSTest
12 102 (3.67%) GitLab
13 100 (3.59%) Mockito
14 95 (3.41%) Gradle
15 94 (3.38%) Octopus Deploy
16 90 (3.23%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 88 (3.16%) Sonatype Nexus
18 86 (3.09%) Team Foundation Server
19 85 (3.05%) Bitbucket
19 85 (3.05%) JMeter
General
1 608 (21.85%) Finance
2 351 (12.61%) Banking
3 165 (5.93%) Front Office
4 121 (4.35%) Retail
5 106 (3.81%) Investment Banking
6 61 (2.19%) Games
7 41 (1.47%) Financial Institution
8 40 (1.44%) Marketing
9 29 (1.04%) Back Office
10 26 (0.93%) Advertising
11 22 (0.79%) Publishing
12 19 (0.68%) Telecoms
13 17 (0.61%) Electronics
14 16 (0.57%) Law
15 15 (0.54%) Manufacturing
15 15 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
16 13 (0.47%) Legal
16 13 (0.47%) Retail Banking
17 7 (0.25%) Online Betting
18 6 (0.22%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 1,517 (54.51%) Developer
2 513 (18.43%) Java Developer
3 404 (14.52%) DevOps Engineer
4 263 (9.45%) Senior Developer
5 219 (7.87%) C# Developer
6 146 (5.25%) React Developer
7 136 (4.89%) .NET Developer
8 122 (4.38%) Architect
8 122 (4.38%) Full Stack Developer
9 114 (4.10%) Senior Java Developer
10 102 (3.67%) Java Engineer
11 99 (3.56%) Platform Engineer
12 98 (3.52%) AWS Engineer
13 97 (3.49%) JavaScript Developer
14 91 (3.27%) Python Developer
15 87 (3.13%) Tester
16 85 (3.05%) AWS DevOps
17 84 (3.02%) Agile Developer
18 77 (2.77%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 77 (2.77%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 427 (15.34%) Web Services
2 401 (14.41%) .NET
3 397 (14.27%) REST
4 383 (13.76%) Spring
5 374 (13.44%) CSS
6 349 (12.54%) RESTful
7 344 (12.36%) HTML
8 328 (11.79%) AngularJS
8 328 (11.79%) Node.js
9 310 (11.14%) React
10 227 (8.16%) Spring Boot
11 214 (7.69%) JSON
12 194 (6.97%) HTML5
13 170 (6.11%) Kafka
14 137 (4.92%) Redux
15 124 (4.46%) SOAP
16 121 (4.35%) XML
17 108 (3.88%) Sass
18 106 (3.81%) CSS3
19 105 (3.77%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 203 (7.29%) User Experience
2 179 (6.43%) Analytical Skills
3 165 (5.93%) Greenfield Project
4 128 (4.60%) Mobile App
5 105 (3.77%) Fixed Income
6 98 (3.52%) Computer Science
7 89 (3.20%) Hedge funds
8 80 (2.87%) Fintech
9 76 (2.73%) Algorithms
10 61 (2.19%) Wiki
11 59 (2.12%) Data Structures
12 52 (1.87%) Public Cloud
13 51 (1.83%) Derivative
14 50 (1.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 49 (1.76%) Enterprise Software
16 43 (1.55%) Equities
16 43 (1.55%) Virtual Team
17 42 (1.51%) Linux Command Line
18 40 (1.44%) Self-Motivation
19 29 (1.04%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 544 (19.55%) Linux
2 289 (10.38%) Unix
3 267 (9.59%) Windows
4 125 (4.49%) Apple iOS
5 89 (3.20%) Android
6 88 (3.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 75 (2.69%) Windows Server
8 69 (2.48%) CentOS
9 54 (1.94%) Ubuntu
10 20 (0.72%) Windows Server 2008
11 16 (0.57%) Mac OS
12 14 (0.50%) Debian
12 14 (0.50%) Solaris
13 13 (0.47%) Fedora
14 10 (0.36%) CoreOS
14 10 (0.36%) Mac OS X
15 9 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
16 6 (0.22%) DC/OS
17 5 (0.18%) VMS
18 4 (0.14%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,940 (69.71%) Agile Software Development
2 1,137 (40.86%) TDD
3 927 (33.31%) DevOps
4 795 (28.57%) Scrum
4 795 (28.57%) Test Automation
5 608 (21.85%) BDD
6 549 (19.73%) Continuous Delivery
7 500 (17.97%) Microservices
8 406 (14.59%) Kanban
9 318 (11.43%) Software Engineering
10 315 (11.32%) OO
11 308 (11.07%) Continuous Deployment
12 302 (10.85%) Open Source
13 297 (10.67%) Configuration Management
14 267 (9.59%) Pair Programming
15 247 (8.88%) Problem-Solving
16 224 (8.05%) Unit Testing
17 194 (6.97%) SDLC
18 190 (6.83%) Front End Development
19 187 (6.72%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 1,167 (41.93%) Java
2 731 (26.27%) JavaScript
3 590 (21.20%) Python
4 547 (19.66%) SQL
5 479 (17.21%) C#
6 249 (8.95%) Bash Shell
7 178 (6.40%) Ruby
8 166 (5.96%) Java 8
8 166 (5.96%) PowerShell
9 158 (5.68%) Scala
10 134 (4.81%) Shell Script
11 99 (3.56%) TypeScript
12 83 (2.98%) Go
12 83 (2.98%) Perl
13 81 (2.91%) Groovy
13 81 (2.91%) PHP
14 75 (2.69%) C++
15 68 (2.44%) ES6
16 65 (2.34%) Korn
17 60 (2.16%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 184 (6.61%) Security Cleared
2 136 (4.89%) SC Cleared
3 129 (4.64%) Degree
4 42 (1.51%) Computer Science Degree
5 39 (1.40%) BPSS Clearance
6 24 (0.86%) ISTQB
7 23 (0.83%) AWS Certification
8 20 (0.72%) Numerate Degree
9 15 (0.54%) CISSP
9 15 (0.54%) ISEB
9 15 (0.54%) PhD
10 13 (0.47%) CISM
11 10 (0.36%) DV Cleared
11 10 (0.36%) Master's Degree
12 9 (0.32%) RHCE
13 8 (0.29%) CISA
13 8 (0.29%) CTC Cleared
14 7 (0.25%) CSSLP
15 6 (0.22%) CCNA
15 6 (0.22%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 227 (8.16%) QA
2 11 (0.40%) SLA
3 10 (0.36%) GDPR
4 9 (0.32%) Data Quality
4 9 (0.32%) PCI DSS
5 7 (0.25%) MiFID
6 6 (0.22%) PMO
7 5 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
9 3 (0.11%) WCAG
10 2 (0.072%) PSD2
10 2 (0.072%) WAI
11 1 (0.036%) HIPAA
11 1 (0.036%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.036%) Solvency II
System Software
1 614 (22.06%) Docker
2 100 (3.59%) VMware Infrastructure
3 63 (2.26%) HDFS
4 52 (1.87%) vSphere
5 45 (1.62%) Virtual Machines
6 38 (1.37%) Active Directory
7 26 (0.93%) Hyper-V
7 26 (0.93%) VirtualBox
8 16 (0.57%) vCloud
9 12 (0.43%) OpenAM
10 10 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 10 (0.36%) Squid
11 9 (0.32%) Postfix
12 8 (0.29%) etcd
13 7 (0.25%) flannel
13 7 (0.25%) OpenDJ
13 7 (0.25%) Xen
14 6 (0.22%) Ceph
15 5 (0.18%) SkyDNS
15 5 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 505 (18.15%) Ansible
2 437 (15.70%) Puppet
3 362 (13.01%) Kubernetes
4 344 (12.36%) Opscode Chef
5 284 (10.20%) Terraform
6 83 (2.98%) Kibana
7 76 (2.73%) logstash
8 65 (2.34%) Packer
9 60 (2.16%) Mesos
10 49 (1.76%) Hadoop YARN
11 42 (1.51%) Salt
12 37 (1.33%) Nagios
13 35 (1.26%) Docker Swarm
14 34 (1.22%) Marathon
15 28 (1.01%) Grafana
15 28 (1.01%) Rancher
16 26 (0.93%) Prometheus
17 21 (0.75%) Consul
18 18 (0.65%) ITRS Geneos
19 16 (0.57%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 314 (11.28%) Oracle
2 188 (6.76%) Google
3 187 (6.72%) Microsoft
4 126 (4.53%) VMware
5 86 (3.09%) Splunk
6 76 (2.73%) Red Hat
7 65 (2.34%) Cloudera
8 57 (2.05%) Atlassian
9 48 (1.72%) New Relic
10 40 (1.44%) AppDynamics
11 29 (1.04%) Apple
11 29 (1.04%) Tableau
12 24 (0.86%) SaltStack
12 24 (0.86%) SAP
13 22 (0.79%) Dynatrace
13 22 (0.79%) Salesforce.com
14 19 (0.68%) Charles River
14 19 (0.68%) IBM
15 18 (0.65%) Adobe
16 17 (0.61%) Citrix