Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 17 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
England > London
6 months to
17 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 82 67 60
Rank change year-on-year -15 -7 -12
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 1,177 881 883
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.05% 3.71% 4.30%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.34% 4.08% 4.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 833 612 665
10th Percentile £463 £408 £413
25th Percentile £525 £475 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £638 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +15.91% - -
75th Percentile £744 £638 £638
90th Percentile £849 £730 £705
England median daily rate £600 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +14.29% - +0.96%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 5 5
10th Percentile £51.38 £49.25 £51.55
25th Percentile £53.44 - £61.75
Median hourly rate £56.25 £68.00 £63.69
Median % change year-on-year -17.28% +6.77% +453.83%
75th Percentile £74.16 - £78.75
90th Percentile £75.39 £68.22 -
England median hourly rate £65.00 £45.00 £56.75
% change year-on-year +44.44% -20.70% +13.50%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 35,285 21,588 18,361
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 91.55% 90.81% 89.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,763 15,483 13,230
10th Percentile £400 £350 £325
25th Percentile £475 £425 £414
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - +0.96%
75th Percentile £688 £625 £613
90th Percentile £775 £700 £700
England median daily rate £540 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +8.00% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 412 227 236
10th Percentile £17.28 £15.46 £13.50
25th Percentile £23.91 £21.25 £18.50
Median hourly rate £37.50 £32.85 £26.50
Median % change year-on-year +14.16% +23.96% +18.34%
75th Percentile £51.75 £52.50 £47.25
90th Percentile £68.75 £66.50 £61.13
England median hourly rate £27.50 £25.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year +10.00% +16.28% -4.44%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in London.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in London over the 6 months to 17 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in London.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Integration in London over the 6 months to 17 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the London region over the 6 months to 17 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -16 169 £675 +11.34% 61
West London -27 20 £650 +18.18% 11
South London -12 7 £513 +24.24% 5
East London -15 2 £580 +17.17% 13
Continuous Integration
England

For the 6 months to 17 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 762 (64.74%) Agile
2 531 (45.11%) CI/CD
3 478 (40.61%) DevOps
4 409 (34.75%) Java
5 405 (34.41%) TDD
6 344 (29.23%) Jenkins
7 339 (28.80%) AWS
8 328 (27.87%) Azure
8 328 (27.87%) Test Automation
8 328 (27.87%) Microservices
9 325 (27.61%) Finance
10 318 (27.02%) SQL
11 291 (24.72%) JavaScript
12 269 (22.85%) Python
13 263 (22.34%) Git (software)
14 261 (22.18%) Social Skills
15 259 (22.01%) Docker
16 258 (21.92%) C#
17 254 (21.58%) Scrum
18 245 (20.82%) Kubernetes
19 237 (20.14%) Continuous Delivery
20 223 (18.95%) .NET
21 207 (17.59%) React
22 195 (16.57%) Banking
23 192 (16.31%) Linux
24 191 (16.23%) Terraform
25 188 (15.97%) REST
26 182 (15.46%) CSS
27 169 (14.36%) JIRA
28 156 (13.25%) Software Engineering

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 92 (7.82%) Confluence
2 37 (3.14%) Oracle Coherence
3 30 (2.55%) Apache
3 30 (2.55%) Apache Spark
4 26 (2.21%) Cloud Foundry
5 25 (2.12%) Elasticsearch
6 24 (2.04%) nginx
7 23 (1.95%) IIS
8 20 (1.70%) BizTalk Server
9 16 (1.36%) OpenStack
10 15 (1.27%) Apache Airflow
10 15 (1.27%) CMS
10 15 (1.27%) Tomcat
11 12 (1.02%) Sitefinity
11 12 (1.02%) Traefik
12 8 (0.68%) SharePoint
13 6 (0.51%) Jetty
14 5 (0.42%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 5 (0.42%) WebLogic
15 4 (0.34%) SAS
Applications
1 11 (0.93%) Microsoft Project
2 7 (0.59%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.34%) Photoshop
4 3 (0.25%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.17%) Sketch
6 1 (0.085%) Adobe XD
6 1 (0.085%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.085%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 14 (1.19%) Shopify
2 7 (0.59%) Magento
2 7 (0.59%) Payment Gateway
3 5 (0.42%) HiPortfolio
4 3 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.25%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 2 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.17%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
6 1 (0.085%) ION MarketView
6 1 (0.085%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.085%) Primavera
6 1 (0.085%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.085%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.085%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 1 (0.085%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 339 (28.80%) AWS
2 328 (27.87%) Azure
3 132 (11.21%) GitHub
4 111 (9.43%) GCP
5 108 (9.18%) Serverless
6 88 (7.48%) PaaS
7 68 (5.78%) IaaS
8 61 (5.18%) OpenShift
9 60 (5.10%) AWS Lambda
10 57 (4.84%) SaaS
11 52 (4.42%) AWS CloudFormation
12 40 (3.40%) Amazon EC2
12 40 (3.40%) Amazon S3
13 38 (3.23%) GitHub Actions
14 33 (2.80%) Power Platform
15 31 (2.63%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 28 (2.38%) Amazon ECS
16 28 (2.38%) BrowserStack
16 28 (2.38%) Sauce Labs
17 24 (2.04%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 38 (3.23%) HTTP
2 30 (2.55%) RTMP
3 19 (1.61%) TCP/IP
4 18 (1.53%) DNS
5 15 (1.27%) Firewall
6 14 (1.19%) HTTPS
6 14 (1.19%) Internet
7 12 (1.02%) VPN
8 4 (0.34%) SSL
9 3 (0.25%) Network Security
9 3 (0.25%) VLAN
9 3 (0.25%) WAN
10 2 (0.17%) Kerberos
11 1 (0.085%) Bluetooth
11 1 (0.085%) Broadband
11 1 (0.085%) PuTTY
11 1 (0.085%) SSH
11 1 (0.085%) Telnet
11 1 (0.085%) Wi-Fi
11 1 (0.085%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 151 (12.83%) Relational Database
2 107 (9.09%) NoSQL
3 85 (7.22%) SQL Server
4 83 (7.05%) MongoDB
5 58 (4.93%) PostgreSQL
6 42 (3.57%) MySQL
7 41 (3.48%) Oracle Database
8 35 (2.97%) Big Data
9 29 (2.46%) Azure SQL Database
10 27 (2.29%) Amazon RDS
11 25 (2.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 25 (2.12%) Apache Cassandra
12 24 (2.04%) Oracle Database 12c
13 23 (1.95%) Oracle Database 11g
14 21 (1.78%) Data Lake
15 19 (1.61%) RDBMS
16 15 (1.27%) HBase
17 14 (1.19%) Delta Lake
18 12 (1.02%) Power BI
18 12 (1.02%) Redis
Development Applications
1 344 (29.23%) Jenkins
2 263 (22.34%) Git (software)
3 169 (14.36%) JIRA
4 102 (8.67%) GitLab
5 91 (7.73%) TeamCity
6 78 (6.63%) Selenium
7 70 (5.95%) Maven
8 59 (5.01%) Sonatype Nexus
9 55 (4.67%) Bitbucket
10 44 (3.74%) Cucumber
10 44 (3.74%) JMeter
10 44 (3.74%) JUnit
10 44 (3.74%) SonarQube
11 41 (3.48%) Cypress.io
11 41 (3.48%) Gradle
12 38 (3.23%) Artifactory
12 38 (3.23%) SpecFlow
13 36 (3.06%) Visual Studio
14 35 (2.97%) Postman
15 31 (2.63%) Protractor
General
1 325 (27.61%) Finance
2 261 (22.18%) Social Skills
3 195 (16.57%) Banking
4 107 (9.09%) Front Office
5 89 (7.56%) Investment Banking
6 74 (6.29%) Analytical Skills
7 69 (5.86%) Public Sector
8 39 (3.31%) Retail
9 29 (2.46%) Marketing
10 27 (2.29%) Influencing Skills
11 22 (1.87%) Legal
11 22 (1.87%) Manufacturing
12 19 (1.61%) Games
12 19 (1.61%) Presentation Skills
13 18 (1.53%) Telecoms
14 16 (1.36%) Financial Institution
15 14 (1.19%) Electronics
15 14 (1.19%) Law
16 10 (0.85%) Documentation Skills
17 9 (0.76%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 548 (46.56%) Developer
2 160 (13.59%) Java Developer
3 121 (10.28%) Senior Developer
4 115 (9.77%) DevOps Engineer
5 77 (6.54%) Architect
6 65 (5.52%) Full Stack Developer
7 61 (5.18%) Java Engineer
8 56 (4.76%) JavaScript Developer
9 51 (4.33%) React Developer
10 47 (3.99%) .NET Developer
11 46 (3.91%) Software Engineer
12 45 (3.82%) C# Developer
12 45 (3.82%) Python Developer
13 41 (3.48%) UI Developer
14 37 (3.14%) AWS Engineer
15 36 (3.06%) Scrum Master
16 35 (2.97%) Azure Engineer
16 35 (2.97%) Lead Developer
17 31 (2.63%) QA Engineer
18 30 (2.55%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 223 (18.95%) .NET
2 207 (17.59%) React
3 188 (15.97%) REST
4 182 (15.46%) CSS
5 149 (12.66%) HTML
6 137 (11.64%) AngularJS
7 134 (11.38%) Spring
8 124 (10.54%) Kafka
9 117 (9.94%) RESTful
10 97 (8.24%) Spring Boot
11 95 (8.07%) Node.js
12 93 (7.90%) Web Services
13 62 (5.27%) ASP.NET
13 62 (5.27%) HTML5
14 56 (4.76%) Redux
15 55 (4.67%) JSON
16 53 (4.50%) Reactive Extensions
17 49 (4.16%) .NET Core
18 44 (3.74%) .NET Framework
19 42 (3.57%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 79 (6.71%) User Experience
2 49 (4.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 42 (3.57%) Cloud Native
4 31 (2.63%) Enterprise Software
5 27 (2.29%) Public Cloud
6 24 (2.04%) Greenfield Project
6 24 (2.04%) Self-Motivation
7 22 (1.87%) Algorithms
7 22 (1.87%) Management Information System
8 21 (1.78%) Fixed Income
8 21 (1.78%) Virtual Team
9 17 (1.44%) Data Protection Act
9 17 (1.44%) Data Structures
10 15 (1.27%) Derivative
10 15 (1.27%) iPad
11 13 (1.10%) Clustering
11 13 (1.10%) Linux Command Line
12 12 (1.02%) Mobile App
12 12 (1.02%) PKI
13 11 (0.93%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 192 (16.31%) Linux
2 74 (6.29%) Windows
3 62 (5.27%) Unix
4 40 (3.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 28 (2.38%) Apple iOS
6 24 (2.04%) CentOS
7 22 (1.87%) Android
8 21 (1.78%) Windows Server
9 13 (1.10%) Ubuntu
9 13 (1.10%) Windows Server 2019
10 10 (0.85%) Windows Server 2012
11 8 (0.68%) Windows Server 2008
11 8 (0.68%) Windows Server 2016
12 6 (0.51%) Mac OS X
13 5 (0.42%) CoreOS
14 4 (0.34%) Mac OS
15 3 (0.25%) VxWorks
16 2 (0.17%) Alpine Linux
16 2 (0.17%) Amazon Linux
17 1 (0.085%) DC/OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 762 (64.74%) Agile
2 531 (45.11%) CI/CD
3 478 (40.61%) DevOps
4 405 (34.41%) TDD
5 328 (27.87%) Microservices
5 328 (27.87%) Test Automation
6 254 (21.58%) Scrum
7 237 (20.14%) Continuous Delivery
8 156 (13.25%) Software Engineering
9 147 (12.49%) Continuous Improvement
10 143 (12.15%) BDD
11 135 (11.47%) SDLC
12 117 (9.94%) Problem-Solving
13 115 (9.77%) Continuous Deployment
14 111 (9.43%) Analytics
15 107 (9.09%) Full Stack Development
15 107 (9.09%) OO
16 103 (8.75%) Infrastructure as Code
17 98 (8.33%) Kanban
17 98 (8.33%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 409 (34.75%) Java
2 318 (27.02%) SQL
3 291 (24.72%) JavaScript
4 269 (22.85%) Python
5 258 (21.92%) C#
6 132 (11.21%) TypeScript
7 77 (6.54%) Bash
8 68 (5.78%) PowerShell
9 64 (5.44%) C++
10 59 (5.01%) Scala
11 46 (3.91%) Go
12 38 (3.23%) Ruby
13 33 (2.80%) Kotlin
14 29 (2.46%) XAML
15 22 (1.87%) Perl
15 22 (1.87%) PL/SQL
15 22 (1.87%) Shell Script
16 21 (1.78%) T-SQL
17 20 (1.70%) ES6
18 19 (1.61%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 112 (9.52%) Security Cleared
2 94 (7.99%) SC Cleared
3 73 (6.20%) Degree
4 26 (2.21%) AWS Certification
5 21 (1.78%) Numerate Degree
6 20 (1.70%) Computer Science Degree
7 12 (1.02%) Microsoft Certification
8 9 (0.76%) MCSE
9 8 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
9 8 (0.68%) Master's Degree
10 5 (0.42%) CFA
11 4 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
11 4 (0.34%) ISTQB
12 3 (0.25%) CISSP
12 3 (0.25%) DV Cleared
13 2 (0.17%) CCA
13 2 (0.17%) CCNA
13 2 (0.17%) ITIL Certification
13 2 (0.17%) MCAD
13 2 (0.17%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 99 (8.41%) QA
2 30 (2.55%) Accessibility
3 12 (1.02%) Data Quality
4 11 (0.93%) NCSC
5 10 (0.85%) GDPR
6 6 (0.51%) SLA
7 4 (0.34%) GRC
7 4 (0.34%) WCAG
8 2 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.085%) DICOM
9 1 (0.085%) HL7
System Software
1 259 (22.01%) Docker
2 24 (2.04%) Active Directory
3 23 (1.95%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (1.27%) Virtual Machines
5 11 (0.93%) HDFS
6 10 (0.85%) Ceph
7 4 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 3 (0.25%) Postfix
9 2 (0.17%) GridGain
9 2 (0.17%) Platform Symphony
9 2 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.17%) vSphere
10 1 (0.085%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.085%) Hyper-V
10 1 (0.085%) Virtual Desktop
10 1 (0.085%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 245 (20.82%) Kubernetes
2 191 (16.23%) Terraform
3 139 (11.81%) Ansible
4 80 (6.80%) Puppet
5 52 (4.42%) Prometheus
6 41 (3.48%) Opscode Chef
7 36 (3.06%) Istio
7 36 (3.06%) ITRS Geneos
8 35 (2.97%) Grafana
9 27 (2.29%) Docker Swarm
10 22 (1.87%) Packer
11 20 (1.70%) Consul
12 16 (1.36%) Kibana
13 15 (1.27%) ZABBIX
14 13 (1.10%) HAProxy
15 12 (1.02%) Graphite
15 12 (1.02%) Podman
16 11 (0.93%) linkerd
17 7 (0.59%) Mesos
17 7 (0.59%) Rancher
Vendors
1 150 (12.74%) Microsoft
2 125 (10.62%) Oracle
3 96 (8.16%) Google
4 76 (6.46%) Splunk
5 42 (3.57%) IBM
6 28 (2.38%) Salesforce.com
7 27 (2.29%) SAP
8 26 (2.21%) AppDynamics
9 25 (2.12%) VMware
10 22 (1.87%) Confluent
11 20 (1.70%) Databricks
12 15 (1.27%) Pega
13 14 (1.19%) PagerDuty
13 14 (1.19%) Red Hat
13 14 (1.19%) Sitecore
13 14 (1.19%) TIBCO
14 13 (1.10%) Atlassian
14 13 (1.10%) ION Trading
15 12 (1.02%) Adobe
16 11 (0.93%) ServiceNow