Period
to 17 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 17 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
England > London
6 months to
17 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 50 36 39
Rank change year-on-year -14 +3 +1
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 1,889 2,750 2,241
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 4.72% 5.99% 5.24%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.32% 6.79% 5.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,280 2,060 1,644
London median daily rate £550 £525 £505
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +3.96% +1.00%
10th Percentile £413 £406 £375
90th Percentile £700 £675 £625
England median daily rate £503 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +0.50% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 3 3
London median hourly rate £35.00 £32.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.38% -20.00% -27.27%
10th Percentile £20.25 £19.20 £37.75
90th Percentile £51.88 £33.00 £42.25
England median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year -12.50% -15.79% +26.67%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 35,490 40,502 37,627
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 88.69% 88.28% 88.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,452 29,284 26,912
London median daily rate £520 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.00% +0.10% +8.00%
10th Percentile £338 £325 £313
90th Percentile £688 £675 £656
England median daily rate £475 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 413 530 382
London median hourly rate £24.00 £23.25 £23.88
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.23% -2.62% +12.78%
10th Percentile £12.50 £14.00 £13.00
90th Percentile £57.30 £54.66 £50.00
England median hourly rate £25.00 £21.50 £24.00
% change year-on-year +16.28% -10.42% +2.13%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in London over the 6 months to 17 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in London over the 6 months to 17 August 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the London region over the 6 months to 17 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -19 326 £550 +4.27% 143
South London -4 127 £525 - 20
West London -12 105 £500 -4.76% 63
East London +8 63 £550 +10.00% 25
North London -1 5 £575 +27.78% 6
Continuous Integration
England

For the 6 months to 17 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 1,257 (66.54%) Agile Software Development
2 808 (42.77%) DevOps
3 738 (39.07%) TDD
4 709 (37.53%) Java
5 655 (34.67%) Jenkins
6 587 (31.07%) Amazon AWS
7 566 (29.96%) Test Automation
8 544 (28.80%) Git (software)
9 541 (28.64%) JavaScript
10 497 (26.31%) Python
11 470 (24.88%) Scrum
12 468 (24.78%) Linux
13 426 (22.55%) Finance
14 402 (21.28%) Microservices
15 400 (21.18%) Docker
16 391 (20.70%) Kubernetes
17 383 (20.28%) Microsoft Azure
18 365 (19.32%) Continuous Delivery
19 338 (17.89%) SQL
20 320 (16.94%) C#
21 318 (16.83%) BDD
22 313 (16.57%) Web Services
23 299 (15.83%) Ansible
24 294 (15.56%) HTML
25 281 (14.88%) Continuous Deployment
26 276 (14.61%) AngularJS
27 272 (14.40%) Kanban
28 265 (14.03%) CSS
28 265 (14.03%) Terraform
29 254 (13.45%) .NET

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 88 (4.66%) Elasticsearch
2 81 (4.29%) Apache
3 52 (2.75%) Tomcat
4 51 (2.70%) Confluence
5 45 (2.38%) IIS
6 41 (2.17%) nginx
7 37 (1.96%) Apache Spark
8 29 (1.54%) OpenStack
8 29 (1.54%) WebSphere
9 23 (1.22%) SharePoint
10 21 (1.11%) WordPress
11 18 (0.95%) Cloud Foundry
11 18 (0.95%) JBoss
12 16 (0.85%) Jetty
13 14 (0.74%) WebLogic
14 10 (0.53%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 8 (0.42%) JCAPS
16 7 (0.37%) Apache Airflow
17 6 (0.32%) Jupyter
17 6 (0.32%) Mongrel
Applications
1 14 (0.74%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (0.69%) Sketch
3 10 (0.53%) Microsoft Office
4 8 (0.42%) Zeplin
5 6 (0.32%) Photoshop
6 3 (0.16%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.053%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.053%) GIMP
8 1 (0.053%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.053%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 10 (0.53%) BusinessWorks
2 6 (0.32%) Magento
3 5 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.26%) Remedy ITSM
4 4 (0.21%) Shopify
4 4 (0.21%) Summit
5 3 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 2 (0.11%) Actimize
7 1 (0.053%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.053%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 587 (31.07%) Amazon AWS
2 383 (20.28%) Microsoft Azure
3 145 (7.68%) GitHub
4 122 (6.46%) Serverless
5 121 (6.41%) Amazon EC2
6 118 (6.25%) Google Cloud Platform
7 106 (5.61%) Amazon S3
8 103 (5.45%) AWS Lambda
9 82 (4.34%) Amazon SQS
10 81 (4.29%) AWS CloudFormation
11 76 (4.02%) PaaS
12 65 (3.44%) OpenShift
13 62 (3.28%) SaaS
14 57 (3.02%) IaaS
15 53 (2.81%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
16 52 (2.75%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 41 (2.17%) Datadog
18 39 (2.06%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 37 (1.96%) Azure Active Directory
20 33 (1.75%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 108 (5.72%) HTTP
2 62 (3.28%) TCP/IP
3 50 (2.65%) DNS
4 40 (2.12%) SSL
5 38 (2.01%) FTP
6 36 (1.91%) VPN
7 34 (1.80%) DHCP
8 32 (1.69%) IPsec
9 25 (1.32%) Internet
10 22 (1.16%) Firewall
11 15 (0.79%) VLAN
12 7 (0.37%) Network Security
13 5 (0.26%) Kerberos
13 5 (0.26%) Reverse Proxy
14 4 (0.21%) HTTPS
14 4 (0.21%) RTMP
15 3 (0.16%) AMQP
15 3 (0.16%) LAN
15 3 (0.16%) PuTTY
15 3 (0.16%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 210 (11.12%) SQL Server
2 151 (7.99%) Relational Database
3 147 (7.78%) PostgreSQL
4 144 (7.62%) Big Data
5 122 (6.46%) NoSQL
6 109 (5.77%) MongoDB
7 99 (5.24%) Amazon Redshift
8 97 (5.13%) MySQL
9 92 (4.87%) Amazon RDS
10 58 (3.07%) RDBMS
11 44 (2.33%) Data Warehouse
12 40 (2.12%) Azure SQL Database
13 35 (1.85%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 35 (1.85%) Apache Cassandra
13 35 (1.85%) Hadoop
14 27 (1.43%) Power BI
14 27 (1.43%) Redis
15 26 (1.38%) SQL Server 2012
16 23 (1.22%) BigQuery
17 21 (1.11%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 655 (34.67%) Jenkins
2 544 (28.80%) Git (software)
3 187 (9.90%) JIRA
4 151 (7.99%) TeamCity
5 118 (6.25%) Selenium
6 108 (5.72%) Maven
7 93 (4.92%) Bitbucket
8 91 (4.82%) JUnit
9 83 (4.39%) Cucumber
10 82 (4.34%) GitLab
11 75 (3.97%) Subversion
12 67 (3.55%) Mockito
13 64 (3.39%) Team Foundation Server
13 64 (3.39%) Travis CI
14 60 (3.18%) Sonatype Nexus
15 59 (3.12%) Visual Studio Team System
16 54 (2.86%) Visual Studio
17 53 (2.81%) Artifactory
18 45 (2.38%) WebDriver
19 41 (2.17%) Jasmine
General
1 426 (22.55%) Finance
2 229 (12.12%) Banking
3 68 (3.60%) Front Office
4 54 (2.86%) Retail
5 52 (2.75%) Investment Banking
6 48 (2.54%) Financial Institution
7 46 (2.44%) Games
8 44 (2.33%) Marketing
9 41 (2.17%) Legal
10 31 (1.64%) Law
11 26 (1.38%) Telecoms
12 19 (1.01%) Electronics
12 19 (1.01%) Manufacturing
13 14 (0.74%) Publishing
14 10 (0.53%) Back Office
14 10 (0.53%) Retail Banking
15 9 (0.48%) Advertising
16 6 (0.32%) Online Betting
17 5 (0.26%) Billing
17 5 (0.26%) Military
Job Titles
1 960 (50.82%) Developer
2 319 (16.89%) DevOps Engineer
3 219 (11.59%) Java Developer
4 130 (6.88%) Architect
5 120 (6.35%) Senior Developer
6 118 (6.25%) C# Developer
6 118 (6.25%) JavaScript Developer
7 106 (5.61%) Angular Developer
8 102 (5.40%) Python Developer
9 97 (5.13%) AWS Engineer
10 88 (4.66%) Full Stack Developer
11 86 (4.55%) React Developer
12 84 (4.45%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 81 (4.29%) .NET Developer
14 79 (4.18%) Cloud Engineer
15 73 (3.86%) Tester
16 66 (3.49%) AWS Developer
17 58 (3.07%) UI Developer
18 57 (3.02%) AWS DevOps
19 52 (2.75%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 313 (16.57%) Web Services
2 294 (15.56%) HTML
3 276 (14.61%) AngularJS
4 265 (14.03%) CSS
5 254 (13.45%) .NET
6 237 (12.55%) RESTful
7 235 (12.44%) REST
8 213 (11.28%) React
9 179 (9.48%) Node.js
10 166 (8.79%) Spring
11 145 (7.68%) JSON
12 133 (7.04%) Kafka
13 116 (6.14%) SOAP
14 110 (5.82%) HTML5
15 101 (5.35%) J2EE
16 96 (5.08%) XML
17 83 (4.39%) Redux
18 76 (4.02%) ASP.NET Web API
19 67 (3.55%) Spring Boot
20 66 (3.49%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 167 (8.84%) Analytical Skills
2 119 (6.30%) User Experience
3 98 (5.19%) Greenfield Project
4 85 (4.50%) Mobile App
5 57 (3.02%) Data Structures
6 51 (2.70%) Linux Command Line
7 50 (2.65%) Hedge funds
8 45 (2.38%) Algorithms
8 45 (2.38%) Enterprise Software
9 41 (2.17%) Derivative
10 40 (2.12%) Video on Demand
11 37 (1.96%) Fixed Income
11 37 (1.96%) Public Cloud
12 36 (1.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 34 (1.80%) Equities
14 33 (1.75%) Animation
14 33 (1.75%) Video\Live Streaming
15 24 (1.27%) Data Centre
16 23 (1.22%) Hybrid Cloud
17 22 (1.16%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 468 (24.78%) Linux
2 144 (7.62%) Windows
3 126 (6.67%) Unix
4 90 (4.76%) Android
5 84 (4.45%) Apple iOS
6 68 (3.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 40 (2.12%) Windows Server
8 28 (1.48%) CentOS
9 23 (1.22%) Mac OS X
10 19 (1.01%) tvOS
11 15 (0.79%) Ubuntu
12 13 (0.69%) Mac OS
13 5 (0.26%) Debian
13 5 (0.26%) Mesosphere
14 4 (0.21%) Fedora
15 3 (0.16%) Solaris
16 2 (0.11%) CoreOS
17 1 (0.053%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,257 (66.54%) Agile Software Development
2 808 (42.77%) DevOps
3 738 (39.07%) TDD
4 566 (29.96%) Test Automation
5 470 (24.88%) Scrum
6 402 (21.28%) Microservices
7 365 (19.32%) Continuous Delivery
8 318 (16.83%) BDD
9 281 (14.88%) Continuous Deployment
10 272 (14.40%) Kanban
11 217 (11.49%) Open Source
12 207 (10.96%) Software Engineering
13 178 (9.42%) OO
14 169 (8.95%) Configuration Management
15 168 (8.89%) Mentoring
16 163 (8.63%) Unit Testing
17 162 (8.58%) Deployment Automation
18 161 (8.52%) Continuous Improvement
18 161 (8.52%) Problem-Solving
19 152 (8.05%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 709 (37.53%) Java
2 541 (28.64%) JavaScript
3 497 (26.31%) Python
4 338 (17.89%) SQL
5 320 (16.94%) C#
6 188 (9.95%) Ruby
7 174 (9.21%) Bash Shell
8 116 (6.14%) PowerShell
9 108 (5.72%) TypeScript
10 105 (5.56%) Scala
11 103 (5.45%) Java 8
12 77 (4.08%) PHP
13 71 (3.76%) Shell Script
14 60 (3.18%) Go
15 57 (3.02%) Perl
16 43 (2.28%) Groovy
17 41 (2.17%) Kotlin
18 34 (1.80%) C++
18 34 (1.80%) PL/SQL
19 32 (1.69%) ES6
Qualifications
1 228 (12.07%) Security Cleared
2 171 (9.05%) SC Cleared
3 98 (5.19%) Degree
4 25 (1.32%) BPSS Clearance
5 24 (1.27%) AWS Certification
6 23 (1.22%) Computer Science Degree
6 23 (1.22%) CTC Cleared
7 15 (0.79%) CISSP
8 13 (0.69%) IISP
9 12 (0.64%) DBS Check
9 12 (0.64%) DV Cleared
9 12 (0.64%) Master's Degree
10 9 (0.48%) ISTQB
11 8 (0.42%) ISEB
12 7 (0.37%) RHCE
13 4 (0.21%) CHECK Team Member
13 4 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
13 4 (0.21%) PhD
14 3 (0.16%) Sun Certification
15 2 (0.11%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 141 (7.46%) QA
2 29 (1.54%) Data Quality
3 14 (0.74%) PCI DSS
4 10 (0.53%) PMO
5 8 (0.42%) SLA
6 6 (0.32%) Disclosure Scotland
7 5 (0.26%) PSD2
8 4 (0.21%) GDPR
9 2 (0.11%) HL7
9 2 (0.11%) SEPA
10 1 (0.053%) NCSC
10 1 (0.053%) NIST
10 1 (0.053%) WCAG
System Software
1 400 (21.18%) Docker
2 74 (3.92%) Active Directory
3 55 (2.91%) Virtual Machines
4 36 (1.91%) VMware Infrastructure
5 23 (1.22%) vSphere
6 12 (0.64%) HDFS
7 8 (0.42%) Xen
8 6 (0.32%) vCloud
9 4 (0.21%) KVM
10 3 (0.16%) VirtualBox
11 2 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 2 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
11 2 (0.11%) Squid
12 1 (0.053%) Ceph
12 1 (0.053%) OpenAM
12 1 (0.053%) OpenDJ
12 1 (0.053%) OpenIDM
12 1 (0.053%) Virtual Servers
12 1 (0.053%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 391 (20.70%) Kubernetes
2 299 (15.83%) Ansible
3 265 (14.03%) Terraform
4 176 (9.32%) Puppet
5 156 (8.26%) Opscode Chef
6 30 (1.59%) Consul
7 29 (1.54%) Control-M
7 29 (1.54%) Kibana
8 26 (1.38%) logstash
9 22 (1.16%) Packer
9 22 (1.16%) ZABBIX
10 18 (0.95%) Grafana
10 18 (0.95%) Nagios
11 15 (0.79%) Graphite
12 14 (0.74%) Salt
13 13 (0.69%) CASB
14 8 (0.42%) Hadoop YARN
15 7 (0.37%) Docker Swarm
15 7 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
15 7 (0.37%) Suricata
Vendors
1 207 (10.96%) Microsoft
2 123 (6.51%) Google
3 119 (6.30%) Oracle
4 67 (3.55%) Red Hat
5 43 (2.28%) Greenplum
5 43 (2.28%) VMware
6 42 (2.22%) Salesforce.com
7 36 (1.91%) SAP
8 35 (1.85%) IBM
9 34 (1.80%) Splunk
10 30 (1.59%) Cadence
11 28 (1.48%) Tableau
12 26 (1.38%) ServiceNow
13 25 (1.32%) BMC
14 23 (1.22%) Apple
15 20 (1.06%) Atlassian
16 18 (0.95%) SaltStack
16 18 (0.95%) TIBCO
17 14 (0.74%) Telerik
18 13 (0.69%) Perforce