Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 23 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Object-Oriented (OO)
England > London
6 months to
23 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 117 153 110
Rank change year-on-year +36 -43 -15
Contract jobs citing OO 863 451 479
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.25% 1.86% 2.41%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.46% 2.04% 2.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 657 291 328
10th Percentile £428 £406 £363
25th Percentile £519 £463 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £650 £588 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.64% +17.50% -8.26%
75th Percentile £775 £699 £602
90th Percentile £850 £775 £677
England median daily rate £600 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +20.00% +5.26% -5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 0
10th Percentile £44.98 - -
25th Percentile £46.44 - -
Median hourly rate £51.25 - -
75th Percentile £57.44 - -
90th Percentile £59.73 - -
England median hourly rate £55.00 £47.50 £46.25
% change year-on-year +15.79% +2.70% +0.54%

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 35,029 22,087 17,793
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 91.52% 90.98% 89.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,608 15,826 12,801
10th Percentile £400 £350 £325
25th Percentile £475 £425 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - +0.96%
75th Percentile £688 £625 £615
90th Percentile £775 £713 £700
England median daily rate £545 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +9.00% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 406 231 225
10th Percentile £17.00 £15.00 £13.60
25th Percentile £23.91 £21.13 £18.50
Median hourly rate £35.50 £32.50 £26.50
Median % change year-on-year +9.23% +22.64% +20.45%
75th Percentile £50.00 £51.56 £47.12
90th Percentile £67.50 £66.50 £59.00
England median hourly rate £26.98 £24.47 £21.57
% change year-on-year +10.26% +13.44% -4.13%

OO
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing OO as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for OO in London

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing OO in London.

Daily rate trend for OO in London

OO
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing OO in London over the 6 months to 23 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for OO in London

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing OO in London.

Hourly rate trend for OO in London

OO
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the London region over the 6 months to 23 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London +15 107 £625 +6.93% 46
South London +3 26 £625 +66.67% 8
East London +1 9 £400 -38.46% 10
West London -7 9 £475 -20.83% 7
OO
England

For the 6 months to 23 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for OO.

1 439 (50.87%) Agile
2 347 (40.21%) Java
3 310 (35.92%) Finance
4 278 (32.21%) C#
5 273 (31.63%) SQL
6 264 (30.59%) Python
7 238 (27.58%) OOP
8 233 (27.00%) JavaScript
9 221 (25.61%) .NET
10 217 (25.14%) Social Skills
11 216 (25.03%) DevOps
12 210 (24.33%) TDD
13 198 (22.94%) Git (software)
14 197 (22.83%) CI/CD
15 194 (22.48%) Azure
16 192 (22.25%) OOD
17 183 (21.21%) Banking
18 170 (19.70%) Scrum
19 169 (19.58%) Test Automation
20 166 (19.24%) AWS
21 162 (18.77%) Microservices
22 157 (18.19%) Front Office
22 157 (18.19%) HTML
23 154 (17.84%) SQL Server
24 144 (16.69%) React
25 143 (16.57%) REST
26 142 (16.45%) Software Engineering
27 126 (14.60%) CSS
28 122 (14.14%) Analytics
29 121 (14.02%) Multithreading

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 50 (5.79%) Elasticsearch
2 42 (4.87%) Apache
3 39 (4.52%) Apache Spark
4 23 (2.67%) JBoss
5 21 (2.43%) Apache Airflow
6 20 (2.32%) Confluence
7 19 (2.20%) Mule
7 19 (2.20%) Red Hat Fuse
8 14 (1.62%) WebSphere
9 13 (1.51%) SharePoint
9 13 (1.51%) Tomcat
10 11 (1.27%) Luigi
11 8 (0.93%) DataSynapse
12 6 (0.70%) BizTalk Server
13 5 (0.58%) nginx
14 4 (0.46%) CMS
14 4 (0.46%) Ethereum
14 4 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 3 (0.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 3 (0.35%) WebLogic
Applications
1 26 (3.01%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.12%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.12%) InVision
3 1 (0.12%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.12%) Sketch
3 1 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.12%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 3 (0.35%) SAP S/4HANA
1 3 (0.35%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 2 (0.23%) Magento
2 2 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
2 2 (0.23%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.12%) RMDS
3 1 (0.12%) SAP Bank Analyzer
3 1 (0.12%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.12%) SAP SD
3 1 (0.12%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 194 (22.48%) Azure
2 166 (19.24%) AWS
3 50 (5.79%) Serverless
4 44 (5.10%) GCP
5 43 (4.98%) GitHub
6 40 (4.63%) PaaS
7 38 (4.40%) SaaS
8 28 (3.24%) AWS Lambda
9 19 (2.20%) Amazon SQS
10 16 (1.85%) IaaS
10 16 (1.85%) Microsoft 365
11 15 (1.74%) NuGet
12 14 (1.62%) Amazon ECS
12 14 (1.62%) Azure Monitor
13 13 (1.51%) AWS CloudFormation
13 13 (1.51%) Datadog
14 12 (1.39%) Amazon S3
14 12 (1.39%) Azure Functions
15 11 (1.27%) AWS Fargate
15 11 (1.27%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 18 (2.09%) Internet
2 11 (1.27%) HTTP
2 11 (1.27%) Multicast
3 10 (1.16%) TCP/IP
4 4 (0.46%) FIX Connectivity
5 3 (0.35%) SSL
6 2 (0.23%) SSH
7 1 (0.12%) ATM
7 1 (0.12%) DNS
7 1 (0.12%) Firewall
7 1 (0.12%) FTP
7 1 (0.12%) SMTP
7 1 (0.12%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 154 (17.84%) SQL Server
2 88 (10.20%) Relational Database
3 86 (9.97%) NoSQL
4 56 (6.49%) MySQL
5 40 (4.63%) PostgreSQL
6 38 (4.40%) Big Data
7 29 (3.36%) MongoDB
8 28 (3.24%) Hadoop
9 25 (2.90%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 22 (2.55%) Data Warehouse
11 19 (2.20%) Amazon RDS
12 17 (1.97%) Apache Cassandra
13 16 (1.85%) Metadata
13 16 (1.85%) RDBMS
14 14 (1.62%) Apache Ignite
15 12 (1.39%) Redis
16 11 (1.27%) Oracle Database
17 10 (1.16%) Azure SQL Database
17 10 (1.16%) ObjectStore
18 9 (1.04%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 198 (22.94%) Git (software)
2 74 (8.57%) Jenkins
3 65 (7.53%) JIRA
4 55 (6.37%) TeamCity
5 50 (5.79%) Maven
6 40 (4.63%) Subversion
7 39 (4.52%) GitLab
8 35 (4.06%) JUnit
9 29 (3.36%) Grunt
9 29 (3.36%) gulp
10 28 (3.24%) Cucumber
11 26 (3.01%) Visual Studio
11 26 (3.01%) webpack
12 21 (2.43%) Selenium
13 20 (2.32%) git-flow
13 20 (2.32%) Gradle
14 19 (2.20%) jMock
15 16 (1.85%) Eclipse
15 16 (1.85%) NUnit
16 15 (1.74%) Bitbucket
General
1 310 (35.92%) Finance
2 217 (25.14%) Social Skills
3 183 (21.21%) Banking
4 157 (18.19%) Front Office
5 117 (13.56%) Analytical Skills
6 94 (10.89%) Investment Banking
7 17 (1.97%) Presentation Skills
8 13 (1.51%) Financial Institution
8 13 (1.51%) Law
8 13 (1.51%) Legal
9 10 (1.16%) Back Office
9 10 (1.16%) Organisational Skills
10 8 (0.93%) Games
10 8 (0.93%) Marketing
11 7 (0.81%) Retail
12 6 (0.70%) Public Sector
13 5 (0.58%) Publishing
14 4 (0.46%) Influencing Skills
15 3 (0.35%) Manufacturing
15 3 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 564 (65.35%) Developer
2 156 (18.08%) Java Developer
3 118 (13.67%) Senior Developer
4 73 (8.46%) .NET Developer
5 67 (7.76%) Python Developer
6 62 (7.18%) C# Developer
7 55 (6.37%) Senior Java Developer
8 51 (5.91%) Architect
9 49 (5.68%) React Developer
10 48 (5.56%) Front Office Developer
11 41 (4.75%) C++ Developer
12 37 (4.29%) Data Engineer
13 35 (4.06%) JavaScript Developer
14 33 (3.82%) Scala Developer
15 30 (3.48%) Software Engineer
16 25 (2.90%) Backend Developer
17 23 (2.67%) PHP Developer
18 22 (2.55%) Full Stack Developer
19 21 (2.43%) C# .NET Developer
19 21 (2.43%) Integration Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 221 (25.61%) .NET
2 157 (18.19%) HTML
3 144 (16.69%) React
4 143 (16.57%) REST
5 126 (14.60%) CSS
6 99 (11.47%) Spring
7 96 (11.12%) RESTful
8 95 (11.01%) HTML5
9 94 (10.89%) AngularJS
10 93 (10.78%) Web Services
11 77 (8.92%) Node.js
12 69 (8.00%) XML
13 68 (7.88%) Kafka
14 67 (7.76%) ASP.NET
15 62 (7.18%) JSON
16 58 (6.72%) .NET Framework
17 57 (6.60%) Spring Boot
18 49 (5.68%) .NET Core
19 47 (5.45%) Middleware
19 47 (5.45%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 116 (13.44%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 90 (10.43%) Algorithms
3 88 (10.20%) Data Structures
4 79 (9.15%) Derivative
5 55 (6.37%) User Experience
6 41 (4.75%) Enterprise Software
7 40 (4.63%) Fixed Income
8 32 (3.71%) Greenfield Project
9 23 (2.67%) Equities
10 20 (2.32%) Public Cloud
11 18 (2.09%) Management Information System
12 15 (1.74%) Cloud Native
13 14 (1.62%) Credit Derivative
14 13 (1.51%) Client/Server
14 13 (1.51%) Wiki
15 10 (1.16%) Hybrid Cloud
15 10 (1.16%) Mobile App
15 10 (1.16%) Private Cloud
15 10 (1.16%) Renewable Energy
16 9 (1.04%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 81 (9.39%) Linux
2 65 (7.53%) Windows
3 52 (6.03%) Unix
4 9 (1.04%) Android
5 7 (0.81%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.12%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 439 (50.87%) Agile
2 238 (27.58%) OOP
3 216 (25.03%) DevOps
4 210 (24.33%) TDD
5 197 (22.83%) CI/CD
6 192 (22.25%) OOD
7 170 (19.70%) Scrum
8 169 (19.58%) Test Automation
9 162 (18.77%) Microservices
10 142 (16.45%) Software Engineering
11 122 (14.14%) Analytics
12 121 (14.02%) Multithreading
13 109 (12.63%) Problem-Solving
14 104 (12.05%) Continuous Integration
15 102 (11.82%) BDD
16 80 (9.27%) Computer Science
17 79 (9.15%) SOA
18 75 (8.69%) SOLID
19 71 (8.23%) Web Development
20 64 (7.42%) Electronic Trading
Programming Languages
1 347 (40.21%) Java
2 278 (32.21%) C#
3 273 (31.63%) SQL
4 264 (30.59%) Python
5 233 (27.00%) JavaScript
6 107 (12.40%) C++
7 104 (12.05%) TypeScript
8 78 (9.04%) Scala
9 36 (4.17%) PHP
10 32 (3.71%) ES6
11 29 (3.36%) Shell Script
12 26 (3.01%) Apex Code
12 26 (3.01%) R
13 21 (2.43%) PL/SQL
13 21 (2.43%) VB.NET
14 19 (2.20%) Go
15 18 (2.09%) C
16 17 (1.97%) PowerShell
16 17 (1.97%) VBA
17 15 (1.74%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 87 (10.08%) Degree
2 32 (3.71%) Computer Science Degree
3 16 (1.85%) Numerate Degree
4 14 (1.62%) PhD
5 13 (1.51%) Security Cleared
6 12 (1.39%) SC Cleared
7 7 (0.81%) Master's Degree
8 3 (0.35%) CFA
9 2 (0.23%) AWS Certification
9 2 (0.23%) MBA
10 1 (0.12%) BPSS Clearance
10 1 (0.12%) CISSP
10 1 (0.12%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 1 (0.12%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (4.29%) QA
2 13 (1.51%) Accessibility
3 9 (1.04%) Data Quality
4 7 (0.81%) GDPR
5 3 (0.35%) SLA
6 1 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.12%) NIST
6 1 (0.12%) NIST 800
6 1 (0.12%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 100 (11.59%) Docker
2 9 (1.04%) HDFS
3 8 (0.93%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (0.23%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 70 (8.11%) Kubernetes
2 56 (6.49%) Terraform
3 31 (3.59%) Ansible
4 15 (1.74%) Prometheus
5 11 (1.27%) ITRS Geneos
6 10 (1.16%) logstash
7 9 (1.04%) Kubeflow
8 6 (0.70%) Opscode Chef
9 5 (0.58%) Puppet
10 4 (0.46%) Grafana
11 2 (0.23%) MIIS
12 1 (0.12%) Docker Swarm
12 1 (0.12%) Fortio
12 1 (0.12%) Istio
12 1 (0.12%) Kiali
12 1 (0.12%) Kibana
12 1 (0.12%) Nagios
12 1 (0.12%) Oracle RMAN
12 1 (0.12%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 88 (10.20%) Microsoft
2 79 (9.15%) Oracle
3 36 (4.17%) Salesforce.com
4 34 (3.94%) Databricks
5 28 (3.24%) TIBCO
6 19 (2.20%) Sybase
7 17 (1.97%) ION Trading
8 16 (1.85%) Google
8 16 (1.85%) SAP
9 15 (1.74%) Zend
10 9 (1.04%) StreamSets
11 8 (0.93%) Talend
12 7 (0.81%) Adobe
12 7 (0.81%) Demandware
12 7 (0.81%) MuleSoft
13 4 (0.46%) GUPTA
14 3 (0.35%) Alteryx
14 3 (0.35%) Apple
14 3 (0.35%) VMware
14 3 (0.35%) webMethods