Period
to 4 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 4 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Object-Oriented (OO)
England > London
6 months to
4 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 136 115 103
Rank change year-on-year -21 -12 -30
Contract jobs citing OO 796 384 892
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.11% 2.36% 2.54%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.31% 2.66% 2.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 579 258 694
10th Percentile £413 £400 £403
25th Percentile £475 £463 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £625 £550 £555
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% -0.90% +0.91%
75th Percentile £739 £650 £650
90th Percentile £850 £729 £725
England median daily rate £550 £488 £500
% change year-on-year +12.82% -2.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 2 0
Median hourly rate £60.00 £44.25 -
Median % change year-on-year +35.59% - -
England median hourly rate £48.27 £46.50 £46.25
% change year-on-year +3.80% +0.54% +10.78%

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 34,406 14,420 31,061
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 91.23% 88.77% 88.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,990 10,421 22,671
10th Percentile £375 £319 £325
25th Percentile £463 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £513
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -2.44% +2.50%
75th Percentile £663 £613 £600
90th Percentile £750 £700 £688
England median daily rate £525 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.53% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 318 133 372
10th Percentile £17.18 £16.15 £12.44
25th Percentile £21.50 £22.50 £16.08
Median hourly rate £37.50 £32.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year +17.19% +42.22% +7.14%
75th Percentile £54.22 £45.75 £44.06
90th Percentile £70.00 £58.60 £53.75
England median hourly rate £24.08 £27.00 £22.00
% change year-on-year -10.81% +22.73% +9.15%

OO
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing OO as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for OO in London

OO
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing OO in London.

Daily rate trend for OO in London

OO
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing OO in London over the 6 months to 4 December 2021.

Daily rate histogram for OO in London

OO
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing OO in London.

Hourly rate trend for OO in London

OO
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing OO in London over the 6 months to 4 December 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for OO in London

OO
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the London region over the 6 months to 4 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -48 70 £525 -19.23% 87
West London -3 25 £485 -0.51% 21
South London -12 8 £700 +33.33% 3
OO
England

For the 6 months to 4 December 2021, IT contractor jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for OO.

1 437 (54.90%) Agile Software Development
2 299 (37.56%) Java
3 275 (34.55%) SQL
4 258 (32.41%) Python
5 236 (29.65%) OOP
5 236 (29.65%) Social Skills
6 215 (27.01%) OOD
7 214 (26.88%) Git (software)
8 213 (26.76%) Finance
9 207 (26.01%) C#
10 193 (24.25%) JavaScript
11 184 (23.12%) Banking
12 179 (22.49%) TDD
13 174 (21.86%) Azure
14 173 (21.73%) Scrum
15 166 (20.85%) .NET
16 162 (20.35%) Software Engineering
17 155 (19.47%) DevOps
18 147 (18.47%) Test Automation
19 146 (18.34%) AWS
20 143 (17.96%) Microservices
21 142 (17.84%) HTML
22 133 (16.71%) SQL Server
23 132 (16.58%) Problem-Solving
24 130 (16.33%) React
25 127 (15.95%) Analytical Skills
26 122 (15.33%) Continuous Integration
27 120 (15.08%) C++
28 118 (14.82%) RESTful
29 115 (14.45%) Multithreading

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (4.90%) Apache Spark
2 35 (4.40%) Apache
3 25 (3.14%) Elasticsearch
4 23 (2.89%) WebSphere
5 21 (2.64%) Apache Airflow
5 21 (2.64%) JBoss
5 21 (2.64%) Luigi
6 17 (2.14%) Red Hat Fuse
7 16 (2.01%) Mule
8 15 (1.88%) DataSynapse
9 13 (1.63%) Confluence
10 6 (0.75%) Cloud Foundry
10 6 (0.75%) Moodle
10 6 (0.75%) Tomcat
11 5 (0.63%) CMS
12 4 (0.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 4 (0.50%) SharePoint
12 4 (0.50%) Umbraco
13 3 (0.38%) Ethereum
13 3 (0.38%) WebLogic
Applications
1 16 (2.01%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.13%) Adobe XD
3 1 (0.13%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.13%) InVision
3 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.13%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.13%) Sketch
3 1 (0.13%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 4 (0.50%) ION MarketView
1 4 (0.50%) SAP Hybris
1 4 (0.50%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 2 (0.25%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 1 (0.13%) BusinessWorks
3 1 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.13%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
3 1 (0.13%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 174 (21.86%) Azure
2 146 (18.34%) AWS
3 68 (8.54%) Serverless
4 40 (5.03%) GCP
5 37 (4.65%) Azure Cosmos DB
5 37 (4.65%) SaaS
6 32 (4.02%) GitHub
7 30 (3.77%) AWS Lambda
8 29 (3.64%) Azure Functions
9 28 (3.52%) PaaS
10 23 (2.89%) AWS CloudFormation
11 19 (2.39%) Amazon ECS
12 16 (2.01%) Power Platform
13 15 (1.88%) Amazon S3
14 14 (1.76%) Amazon EC2
15 13 (1.63%) AWS Fargate
15 13 (1.63%) Snowflake
16 10 (1.26%) Azure Data Factory
16 10 (1.26%) Azure Service Bus
16 10 (1.26%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 10 (1.26%) HTTP
2 9 (1.13%) Firewall
2 9 (1.13%) Multicast
3 6 (0.75%) Internet
4 5 (0.63%) VPN
5 3 (0.38%) DNS
6 2 (0.25%) Reverse Proxy
6 2 (0.25%) SSH
6 2 (0.25%) TCP/IP
7 1 (0.13%) FTP
7 1 (0.13%) RFID
7 1 (0.13%) SMTP
7 1 (0.13%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 133 (16.71%) SQL Server
2 96 (12.06%) Relational Database
3 89 (11.18%) NoSQL
4 66 (8.29%) MySQL
5 48 (6.03%) Big Data
6 39 (4.90%) PostgreSQL
7 37 (4.65%) Apache Cassandra
8 36 (4.52%) Hadoop
9 32 (4.02%) MongoDB
10 30 (3.77%) Data Warehouse
11 24 (3.02%) Amazon RDS
11 24 (3.02%) Redis
12 23 (2.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 23 (2.89%) Spark SQL
13 21 (2.64%) Apache Ignite
13 21 (2.64%) Azkaban
14 20 (2.51%) Oracle Database
15 15 (1.88%) Power BI
16 13 (1.63%) Azure SQL Database
16 13 (1.63%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 214 (26.88%) Git (software)
2 79 (9.92%) Maven
3 72 (9.05%) JIRA
4 70 (8.79%) Jenkins
5 63 (7.91%) Subversion
6 37 (4.65%) JUnit
6 37 (4.65%) Visual Studio
7 32 (4.02%) TeamCity
8 24 (3.02%) GitLab
9 23 (2.89%) webpack
10 17 (2.14%) jMock
11 14 (1.76%) gulp
11 14 (1.76%) Selenium
12 13 (1.63%) Locust
13 12 (1.51%) JMeter
13 12 (1.51%) Mockito
14 11 (1.38%) Bitbucket
14 11 (1.38%) Cucumber
14 11 (1.38%) SpecFlow
14 11 (1.38%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 236 (29.65%) Social Skills
2 213 (26.76%) Finance
3 184 (23.12%) Banking
4 127 (15.95%) Analytical Skills
5 99 (12.44%) Front Office
6 83 (10.43%) Investment Banking
7 57 (7.16%) Presentation Skills
8 20 (2.51%) Documentation Skills
9 18 (2.26%) Marketing
10 17 (2.14%) Financial Institution
11 15 (1.88%) Retail
12 12 (1.51%) Public Sector
13 10 (1.26%) Games
14 8 (1.01%) Organisational Skills
15 5 (0.63%) Law
15 5 (0.63%) Telecoms
16 4 (0.50%) Retail Banking
17 3 (0.38%) Advertising
17 3 (0.38%) Manufacturing
17 3 (0.38%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 528 (66.33%) Developer
2 145 (18.22%) Java Developer
3 86 (10.80%) Senior Developer
4 79 (9.92%) C# Developer
5 69 (8.67%) Python Developer
6 56 (7.04%) Full Stack Developer
7 52 (6.53%) Data Engineer
8 46 (5.78%) .NET Developer
9 44 (5.53%) C++ Developer
9 44 (5.53%) Senior Java Developer
10 41 (5.15%) Architect
11 36 (4.52%) Front Office Developer
12 33 (4.15%) PHP Developer
13 28 (3.52%) Core Java Developer
13 28 (3.52%) React Developer
13 28 (3.52%) Scala Developer
14 24 (3.02%) JavaScript Developer
15 20 (2.51%) Software Engineer
16 19 (2.39%) Java Engineer
17 18 (2.26%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 166 (20.85%) .NET
2 142 (17.84%) HTML
3 130 (16.33%) React
4 118 (14.82%) RESTful
5 115 (14.45%) REST
6 105 (13.19%) CSS
7 104 (13.07%) AngularJS
8 95 (11.93%) Spring
9 82 (10.30%) Web Services
10 78 (9.80%) Kafka
11 75 (9.42%) HTML5
12 61 (7.66%) Node.js
13 57 (7.16%) XML
14 53 (6.66%) Spring Boot
15 52 (6.53%) .NET Framework
16 42 (5.28%) JSON
17 36 (4.52%) Hibernate
18 35 (4.40%) .NET Core
19 34 (4.27%) Redux
20 31 (3.89%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 88 (11.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 74 (9.30%) Algorithms
3 71 (8.92%) Data Structures
4 62 (7.79%) Derivative
5 55 (6.91%) User Experience
6 43 (5.40%) Enterprise Software
7 27 (3.39%) Fixed Income
8 25 (3.14%) Self-Motivation
9 24 (3.02%) Cloud Native
10 23 (2.89%) Greenfield Project
11 20 (2.51%) Credit Derivative
12 17 (2.14%) Wiki
13 14 (1.76%) Data Protection Act
14 13 (1.63%) Equities
14 13 (1.63%) Mobile App
15 12 (1.51%) Virtual Team
16 11 (1.38%) iPad
16 11 (1.38%) iPhone
17 10 (1.26%) Client/Server
17 10 (1.26%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 96 (12.06%) Linux
2 59 (7.41%) Windows
3 40 (5.03%) Unix
4 19 (2.39%) Apple iOS
5 12 (1.51%) Android
6 2 (0.25%) AIX
6 2 (0.25%) HPUX
6 2 (0.25%) OpenVMS
6 2 (0.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 2 (0.25%) Solaris
6 2 (0.25%) Windows Server 2016
7 1 (0.13%) VMS
7 1 (0.13%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
7 1 (0.13%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 437 (54.90%) Agile Software Development
2 236 (29.65%) OOP
3 215 (27.01%) OOD
4 179 (22.49%) TDD
5 173 (21.73%) Scrum
6 162 (20.35%) Software Engineering
7 155 (19.47%) DevOps
8 147 (18.47%) Test Automation
9 143 (17.96%) Microservices
10 132 (16.58%) Problem-Solving
11 122 (15.33%) Continuous Integration
12 115 (14.45%) Multithreading
13 105 (13.19%) Analytics
14 100 (12.56%) Full Stack Development
15 99 (12.44%) BDD
16 73 (9.17%) SOLID
17 68 (8.54%) Computer Science
18 63 (7.91%) Web Development
19 61 (7.66%) SDLC
20 54 (6.78%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 299 (37.56%) Java
2 275 (34.55%) SQL
3 258 (32.41%) Python
4 207 (26.01%) C#
5 193 (24.25%) JavaScript
6 120 (15.08%) C++
7 113 (14.20%) TypeScript
8 79 (9.92%) Scala
9 51 (6.41%) Java 8
10 47 (5.90%) PHP
11 27 (3.39%) C
11 27 (3.39%) Go
12 26 (3.27%) ES6
13 22 (2.76%) Kotlin
14 21 (2.64%) Groovy
14 21 (2.64%) PL/SQL
15 20 (2.51%) R
16 18 (2.26%) Apple Swift
16 18 (2.26%) T-SQL
17 12 (1.51%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 75 (9.42%) Degree
2 29 (3.64%) Computer Science Degree
3 16 (2.01%) Numerate Degree
4 14 (1.76%) Security Cleared
5 11 (1.38%) SC Cleared
6 9 (1.13%) Master's Degree
7 5 (0.63%) CISSP
8 2 (0.25%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.25%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
9 1 (0.13%) PhD
9 1 (0.13%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (3.14%) Accessibility
2 14 (1.76%) QA
3 5 (0.63%) ISO 20022
3 5 (0.63%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 5 (0.63%) NIST
3 5 (0.63%) NIST 800
4 3 (0.38%) ISO 15022
5 2 (0.25%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.13%) EMIR
6 1 (0.13%) GDPR
6 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 1 (0.13%) MiFID
System Software
1 94 (11.81%) Docker
2 4 (0.50%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 2 (0.25%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.25%) HDFS
4 1 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.13%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 70 (8.79%) Kubernetes
2 41 (5.15%) Terraform
3 24 (3.02%) Ansible
4 13 (1.63%) Prometheus
5 11 (1.38%) Grafana
6 9 (1.13%) ITRS Geneos
7 4 (0.50%) Docker Swarm
7 4 (0.50%) Opscode Chef
8 3 (0.38%) Packer
8 3 (0.38%) Puppet
9 2 (0.25%) logstash
10 1 (0.13%) Hadoop YARN
10 1 (0.13%) HP ALM
10 1 (0.13%) HP Operations Orchestration
10 1 (0.13%) Istio
10 1 (0.13%) Kibana
10 1 (0.13%) Nagios
10 1 (0.13%) Rancher
10 1 (0.13%) Single Sign-On
10 1 (0.13%) vRealize
Vendors
1 93 (11.68%) Oracle
2 65 (8.17%) Microsoft
3 43 (5.40%) Databricks
4 23 (2.89%) Sybase
5 21 (2.64%) Google
6 15 (1.88%) ION Trading
7 14 (1.76%) Telerik
8 12 (1.51%) IBM
8 12 (1.51%) Salesforce.com
8 12 (1.51%) SAP
8 12 (1.51%) TIBCO
9 11 (1.38%) ESRI
9 11 (1.38%) Zend
10 8 (1.01%) Murex
11 7 (0.88%) StreamSets
11 7 (0.88%) Talend
12 6 (0.75%) Atlassian
12 6 (0.75%) HP
13 5 (0.63%) Adobe
13 5 (0.63%) VMware