Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
UK > England
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 95 200 277
Rank change year-on-year +105 +77 +139
Permanent jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 3,391 1,134 1,649
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.40% 1.74% 1.23%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.63% 1.88% 1.33%
Number of salaries quoted 2,252 951 1,204
10th Percentile £42,500 £43,750 £42,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £71,500 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year -2.10% +2.14% +12.00%
75th Percentile £87,500 £86,250 £83,750
90th Percentile £97,500 £98,750 £95,000
UK median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £67,500
% change year-on-year - +3.70% +12.50%

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 93,417 60,224 124,118
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 93.66% 92.50% 92.43%
Number of salaries quoted 64,448 49,282 99,844
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £76,250 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £93,750 £91,250 £87,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England.

Salary trend for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the England region over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +61 1,742 £80,000 +3.23% 372
North of England +151 665 £60,000 +9.09% 105
South East +96 370 £65,000 -7.14% 66
Yorkshire +101 312 £60,000 +9.09% 32
North West +102 298 £60,000 +2.13% 69
South West +71 256 £57,500 +11.45% 35
Midlands +67 252 £65,000 +18.18% 71
West Midlands +58 196 £65,000 +8.33% 53
North East +32 55 £55,000 +22.22% 4
East Midlands -8 55 £65,000 +44.44% 18
East of England -51 42 £57,500 -4.17% 19
Infrastructure as Code
UK

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 2,627 (77.47%) DevOps
2 2,384 (70.30%) Terraform
3 2,247 (66.26%) AWS
4 1,752 (51.67%) Kubernetes
5 1,700 (50.13%) Docker
6 1,694 (49.96%) Azure
7 1,357 (40.02%) Agile Software Development
8 1,328 (39.16%) Python
9 1,023 (30.17%) Linux
10 996 (29.37%) Ansible
11 936 (27.60%) Jenkins
12 688 (20.29%) Puppet
13 658 (19.40%) AWS CloudFormation
14 641 (18.90%) PowerShell
15 637 (18.79%) Java
16 611 (18.02%) Bash Shell
17 610 (17.99%) Serverless
18 592 (17.46%) GCP
19 588 (17.34%) Windows
20 584 (17.22%) Configuration Management
21 583 (17.19%) Software Engineering
22 581 (17.13%) Microservices
23 558 (16.46%) Microsoft
24 510 (15.04%) Problem-Solving
25 509 (15.01%) Finance
26 503 (14.83%) JavaScript
27 471 (13.89%) Git (software)
28 468 (13.80%) SQL
29 467 (13.77%) Continuous Integration
30 465 (13.71%) Opscode Chef

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 144 (4.25%) Confluence
2 95 (2.80%) Elasticsearch
3 78 (2.30%) Apache Airflow
4 64 (1.89%) Apache
5 40 (1.18%) Cloud Foundry
6 29 (0.86%) IIS
7 28 (0.83%) Apache Spark
8 27 (0.80%) nginx
9 19 (0.56%) MS Exchange
10 16 (0.47%) Tomcat
11 14 (0.41%) OpenStack
12 12 (0.35%) Apache Pulsar
13 6 (0.18%) BizTalk Server
13 6 (0.18%) Luigi
13 6 (0.18%) Traefik
14 5 (0.15%) CloudStack
14 5 (0.15%) NServiceBus
14 5 (0.15%) SharePoint
15 4 (0.12%) GemFire
15 4 (0.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 5 (0.15%) Adobe XD
1 5 (0.15%) Chatbot
1 5 (0.15%) Figma
1 5 (0.15%) Sketch
2 2 (0.059%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.029%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 16 (0.47%) Sentinel
2 11 (0.32%) R3 Corda
3 3 (0.088%) Distributed Ledger
3 3 (0.088%) Infor M3
3 3 (0.088%) Oracle EBS
3 3 (0.088%) Oracle ERP
3 3 (0.088%) PeopleSoft HCM
4 2 (0.059%) Oracle CRM
5 1 (0.029%) Dynamics GP
Cloud Services
1 2,247 (66.26%) AWS
2 1,694 (49.96%) Azure
3 658 (19.40%) AWS CloudFormation
4 610 (17.99%) Serverless
5 592 (17.46%) GCP
6 427 (12.59%) PaaS
7 307 (9.05%) IaaS
8 300 (8.85%) AWS Lambda
9 293 (8.64%) Amazon ECS
10 286 (8.43%) SaaS
11 248 (7.31%) Amazon EKS
12 199 (5.87%) Azure Active Directory
13 160 (4.72%) Pulumi
14 159 (4.69%) GitHub
15 136 (4.01%) Amazon S3
16 113 (3.33%) Amazon EC2
17 109 (3.21%) Cloud Computing
18 108 (3.18%) Datadog
19 96 (2.83%) Azure Cosmos DB
20 92 (2.71%) Azure Key Vault
Communications & Networking
1 233 (6.87%) Firewall
2 135 (3.98%) TCP/IP
3 110 (3.24%) VPN
4 100 (2.95%) Network Security
5 92 (2.71%) IPv4
6 81 (2.39%) VLAN
7 75 (2.21%) DNS
7 75 (2.21%) OSPF
8 67 (1.98%) HTTP
9 33 (0.97%) WAN
10 27 (0.80%) LAN
11 20 (0.59%) SAN
12 16 (0.47%) Broadband
12 16 (0.47%) Internet
13 15 (0.44%) DHCP
14 14 (0.41%) SD-WAN
15 12 (0.35%) BGP
15 12 (0.35%) WebEx
15 12 (0.35%) Wi-Fi
16 9 (0.27%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 282 (8.32%) PostgreSQL
2 222 (6.55%) MySQL
3 183 (5.40%) MongoDB
4 151 (4.45%) NoSQL
5 138 (4.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 130 (3.83%) Big Data
7 119 (3.51%) SQL Server
8 117 (3.45%) Redis
9 93 (2.74%) Amazon RDS
10 87 (2.57%) Azure SQL Database
11 85 (2.51%) MariaDB
12 68 (2.01%) Relational Database
13 49 (1.45%) BigQuery
14 43 (1.27%) Data Lake
15 41 (1.21%) Data Warehouse
16 40 (1.18%) Metadata
17 33 (0.97%) Hadoop
18 29 (0.86%) Power BI
19 28 (0.83%) Apache Cassandra
20 24 (0.71%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 936 (27.60%) Jenkins
2 471 (13.89%) Git (software)
3 335 (9.88%) GitLab
4 284 (8.38%) JIRA
5 163 (4.81%) TeamCity
6 139 (4.10%) CircleCI
7 122 (3.60%) Octopus Deploy
8 92 (2.71%) Artifactory
9 81 (2.39%) Bitbucket
9 81 (2.39%) Team Foundation Server
10 78 (2.30%) Subversion
11 70 (2.06%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 68 (2.01%) Cypress.io
13 65 (1.92%) Travis CI
14 44 (1.30%) Selenium
15 35 (1.03%) git-flow
15 35 (1.03%) JMeter
16 34 (1.00%) Sonatype Nexus
17 30 (0.88%) Cucumber
18 25 (0.74%) Postman
General
1 509 (15.01%) Finance
2 365 (10.76%) Social Skills
3 142 (4.19%) Public Sector
4 130 (3.83%) Retail
5 112 (3.30%) Banking
6 93 (2.74%) Analytical Skills
7 87 (2.57%) Games
8 64 (1.89%) Marketing
9 58 (1.71%) Legal
10 52 (1.53%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 47 (1.39%) Presentation Skills
12 41 (1.21%) Organisational Skills
13 36 (1.06%) Local Government
14 35 (1.03%) Financial Institution
14 35 (1.03%) Telecoms
15 33 (0.97%) Law
16 24 (0.71%) Manufacturing
17 20 (0.59%) Electronics
18 18 (0.53%) Advertising
19 17 (0.50%) Wearables
Job Titles
1 1,354 (39.93%) DevOps Engineer
2 457 (13.48%) AWS Engineer
3 393 (11.59%) Cloud Engineer
4 356 (10.50%) Azure Engineer
5 330 (9.73%) Senior DevOps
6 328 (9.67%) Senior DevOps Engineer
7 318 (9.38%) Developer
8 309 (9.11%) AWS DevOps
9 300 (8.85%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 292 (8.61%) Platform Engineer
11 204 (6.02%) Architect
12 203 (5.99%) Software Engineer
13 161 (4.75%) Azure DevOps Engineer
14 158 (4.66%) Site Reliability Engineer
15 136 (4.01%) Site Engineer
16 130 (3.83%) Infrastructure Engineer
17 121 (3.57%) Azure DevOps
18 96 (2.83%) Kubernetes Engineer
19 92 (2.71%) Security Engineer
20 82 (2.42%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 365 (10.76%) React
2 330 (9.73%) Node.js
3 319 (9.41%) Web Services
4 305 (8.99%) .NET
5 169 (4.98%) Kafka
6 143 (4.22%) REST
7 142 (4.19%) .NET Core
8 140 (4.13%) GraphQL
9 126 (3.72%) AngularJS
10 122 (3.60%) Elastic Stack
11 108 (3.18%) CSS
12 103 (3.04%) OAuth
13 100 (2.95%) OAuth2
14 74 (2.18%) HTML
15 68 (2.01%) RESTful
16 54 (1.59%) Redux
17 50 (1.47%) Spring
18 47 (1.39%) Middleware
18 47 (1.39%) Vue.js
19 46 (1.36%) Ruby on Rails
Miscellaneous
1 263 (7.76%) Public Cloud
2 214 (6.31%) Greenfield Project
3 193 (5.69%) Cloud Native
4 117 (3.45%) Linux Command Line
5 102 (3.01%) Hybrid Cloud
6 83 (2.45%) Data Centre
7 79 (2.33%) User Experience
8 65 (1.92%) Enterprise Cloud
9 64 (1.89%) Blog
10 58 (1.71%) Private Cloud
11 56 (1.65%) Legacy Systems
12 52 (1.53%) NHS
13 39 (1.15%) Hedge funds
14 34 (1.00%) Self-Motivation
15 26 (0.77%) Algorithms
15 26 (0.77%) PKI
16 25 (0.74%) Data Protection Act
16 25 (0.74%) Mobile App
16 25 (0.74%) Renewable Energy
17 23 (0.68%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 1,023 (30.17%) Linux
2 588 (17.34%) Windows
3 184 (5.43%) Windows Server
4 165 (4.87%) Unix
5 93 (2.74%) CentOS
6 78 (2.30%) Ubuntu
7 65 (1.92%) Windows Server 2016
8 46 (1.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 24 (0.71%) Windows Server 2012
10 20 (0.59%) Android
11 17 (0.50%) Apple iOS
11 17 (0.50%) Windows Server 2019
12 14 (0.41%) Mesosphere
13 12 (0.35%) VMS
14 10 (0.29%) Amazon Linux
14 10 (0.29%) Data ONTAP
15 7 (0.21%) Windows 10
16 6 (0.18%) Debian
17 4 (0.12%) SUSE
18 3 (0.088%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,627 (77.47%) DevOps
2 1,357 (40.02%) Agile Software Development
3 584 (17.22%) Configuration Management
4 583 (17.19%) Software Engineering
5 581 (17.13%) Microservices
6 510 (15.04%) Problem-Solving
7 467 (13.77%) Continuous Integration
8 435 (12.83%) Site Reliability Engineering
9 330 (9.73%) Scrum
10 315 (9.29%) Test Automation
11 302 (8.91%) Analytics
12 291 (8.58%) TDD
13 285 (8.40%) SDLC
14 255 (7.52%) Deployment Automation
15 253 (7.46%) Mentoring
16 252 (7.43%) Machine Learning
17 250 (7.37%) Infrastructure Engineering
18 244 (7.20%) Fintech
19 243 (7.17%) Migration
20 240 (7.08%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 1,328 (39.16%) Python
2 641 (18.90%) PowerShell
3 637 (18.79%) Java
4 611 (18.02%) Bash Shell
5 503 (14.83%) JavaScript
6 468 (13.80%) SQL
7 441 (13.01%) Go
8 425 (12.53%) C#
9 349 (10.29%) Ruby
10 275 (8.11%) TypeScript
11 139 (4.10%) PHP
12 110 (3.24%) Groovy
13 82 (2.42%) Perl
14 66 (1.95%) ES6
15 61 (1.80%) Scala
16 60 (1.77%) C++
17 56 (1.65%) C
18 47 (1.39%) Rust
19 46 (1.36%) T-SQL
20 42 (1.24%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 354 (10.44%) Security Cleared
2 305 (8.99%) SC Cleared
3 162 (4.78%) Degree
4 138 (4.07%) AWS Certification
5 41 (1.21%) Computer Science Degree
6 32 (0.94%) RHCE
7 28 (0.83%) GIAC
8 26 (0.77%) DV Cleared
8 26 (0.77%) Microsoft Certification
9 13 (0.38%) Cisco Certification
9 13 (0.38%) ITIL Certification
10 12 (0.35%) CCNA
11 10 (0.29%) TOGAF Certification
12 8 (0.24%) CISSP
12 8 (0.24%) RHCSA
13 7 (0.21%) Oracle Certification
14 4 (0.12%) CISA
14 4 (0.12%) MCSA
14 4 (0.12%) OCP
14 4 (0.12%) VCAP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 88 (2.60%) QA
2 71 (2.09%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 45 (1.33%) GDPR
4 28 (0.83%) SLA
5 15 (0.44%) NIST
6 10 (0.29%) PCI DSS
7 9 (0.27%) PSD2
8 8 (0.24%) Data Quality
9 6 (0.18%) Accessibility
10 5 (0.15%) COBIT
11 4 (0.12%) SOC 2
12 3 (0.088%) ISO 9001
13 2 (0.059%) Cyber Essentials
14 1 (0.029%) HIPAA
14 1 (0.029%) PMO
14 1 (0.029%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1,700 (50.13%) Docker
2 210 (6.19%) VMware Infrastructure
3 181 (5.34%) Active Directory
4 85 (2.51%) VMware ESXi
5 69 (2.03%) Virtual Machines
6 28 (0.83%) vSphere
7 21 (0.62%) Hyper-V
8 19 (0.56%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 11 (0.32%) etcd
10 9 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
11 8 (0.24%) NFS
11 8 (0.24%) Virtual Desktop
12 7 (0.21%) HDFS
12 7 (0.21%) VMware NSX
13 3 (0.088%) LXC
14 2 (0.059%) OpenAM
14 2 (0.059%) Xen
15 1 (0.029%) StorNext
15 1 (0.029%) XenApp
15 1 (0.029%) Xsan
Systems Management
1 2,384 (70.30%) Terraform
2 1,752 (51.67%) Kubernetes
3 996 (29.37%) Ansible
4 688 (20.29%) Puppet
5 465 (13.71%) Opscode Chef
6 354 (10.44%) Prometheus
7 313 (9.23%) Grafana
8 69 (2.03%) Packer
9 53 (1.56%) Consul
10 40 (1.18%) Kibana
10 40 (1.18%) Rancher
11 39 (1.15%) SCCM
12 29 (0.86%) CFEngine
13 26 (0.77%) Nagios
14 21 (0.62%) Single Sign-On
15 20 (0.59%) Salt
16 19 (0.56%) Mesos
17 18 (0.53%) Microsoft Intune
18 17 (0.50%) logstash
19 14 (0.41%) Failover Clustering
Vendors
1 558 (16.46%) Microsoft
2 281 (8.29%) Google
3 235 (6.93%) VMware
4 197 (5.81%) Oracle
5 136 (4.01%) SaltStack
6 113 (3.33%) Splunk
7 96 (2.83%) EnterpriseDB
8 87 (2.57%) Red Hat
9 86 (2.54%) New Relic
10 56 (1.65%) Cisco
11 41 (1.21%) Atlassian
12 24 (0.71%) IBM
13 21 (0.62%) Meraki
14 20 (0.59%) NetApp
15 19 (0.56%) SAP
16 15 (0.44%) AppDynamics
16 15 (0.44%) CheckPoint
16 15 (0.44%) Citrix
16 15 (0.44%) LexisNexis
17 14 (0.41%) Dynatrace