Period
to 18 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 18 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
UK > England
6 months to
18 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 96 155 258
Rank change year-on-year +59 +103 +144
Permanent jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 3,714 965 1,688
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.37% 2.19% 1.33%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.58% 2.35% 1.44%
Number of salaries quoted 2,579 808 1,233
10th Percentile £47,000 £42,500 £43,350
25th Percentile £55,000 £52,500 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £67,500 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.41% -3.57% +7.69%
75th Percentile £88,750 £82,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £92,875 £97,500
UK median annual salary £72,500 £65,000 £70,000
% change year-on-year +11.54% -7.14% +7.69%

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 103,860 41,045 117,513
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 94.33% 93.21% 92.63%
Number of salaries quoted 69,788 34,543 94,623
10th Percentile £32,996 £33,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £91,250 £87,500
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England.

Salary trend for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England over the 6 months to 18 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the England region over the 6 months to 18 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +32 1,967 £80,000 +9.97% 322
North of England +74 697 £60,000 +3.45% 119
South East +41 383 £66,000 +10.00% 73
North West +56 330 £60,000 +2.56% 60
Midlands +52 314 £65,000 +4.00% 51
Yorkshire +38 301 £60,000 - 45
West Midlands +13 228 £67,500 +3.85% 32
South West +15 212 £60,000 +14.29% 39
East Midlands -4 86 £55,000 +15.79% 19
North East +14 68 £55,000 +10.00% 14
East of England -85 51 £57,500 -23.33% 27
Infrastructure as Code
UK

For the 6 months to 18 October 2021, IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 2,785 (74.99%) DevOps
2 2,681 (72.19%) Terraform
3 2,524 (67.96%) AWS
4 1,959 (52.75%) Azure
5 1,907 (51.35%) Kubernetes
6 1,759 (47.36%) Docker
7 1,506 (40.55%) Agile Software Development
8 1,442 (38.83%) Python
9 1,058 (28.49%) Ansible
10 1,049 (28.24%) Jenkins
11 1,014 (27.30%) Linux
12 795 (21.41%) GCP
13 772 (20.79%) AWS CloudFormation
14 734 (19.76%) Java
15 694 (18.69%) Software Engineering
16 691 (18.61%) Puppet
17 667 (17.96%) Microservices
18 666 (17.93%) PowerShell
19 652 (17.56%) Configuration Management
20 644 (17.34%) Serverless
21 631 (16.99%) Bash Shell
22 618 (16.64%) Problem-Solving
23 567 (15.27%) SQL
24 558 (15.02%) Go
25 557 (15.00%) JavaScript
26 556 (14.97%) Windows
27 551 (14.84%) Finance
28 550 (14.81%) Opscode Chef
29 505 (13.60%) Microsoft
30 498 (13.41%) C#

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 106 (2.85%) Confluence
2 86 (2.32%) Elasticsearch
3 77 (2.07%) Apache Airflow
4 67 (1.80%) Apache
5 43 (1.16%) Apache Spark
6 29 (0.78%) nginx
7 27 (0.73%) IIS
8 25 (0.67%) Cloud Foundry
9 19 (0.51%) OpenStack
10 18 (0.48%) MS Exchange
11 12 (0.32%) Apache Pulsar
12 9 (0.24%) Tomcat
13 7 (0.19%) Traefik
14 6 (0.16%) Luigi
14 6 (0.16%) SharePoint
15 4 (0.11%) BizTalk Server
15 4 (0.11%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 4 (0.11%) SAS
16 3 (0.081%) Exchange Server 2013
16 3 (0.081%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 9 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.13%) Adobe XD
2 5 (0.13%) Chatbot
2 5 (0.13%) Figma
2 5 (0.13%) Sketch
3 4 (0.11%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.081%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.027%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 14 (0.38%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.081%) Summit
3 2 (0.054%) Oracle CRM
3 2 (0.054%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.027%) Dynamics GP
4 1 (0.027%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.027%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.027%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.027%) PeopleSoft HCM
Cloud Services
1 2,524 (67.96%) AWS
2 1,959 (52.75%) Azure
3 795 (21.41%) GCP
4 772 (20.79%) AWS CloudFormation
5 644 (17.34%) Serverless
6 443 (11.93%) PaaS
7 323 (8.70%) IaaS
8 322 (8.67%) Amazon ECS
8 322 (8.67%) SaaS
9 297 (8.00%) AWS Lambda
10 221 (5.95%) Amazon EKS
11 184 (4.95%) Azure Active Directory
12 180 (4.85%) GitHub
13 166 (4.47%) Amazon S3
14 163 (4.39%) Pulumi
15 137 (3.69%) Amazon EC2
16 127 (3.42%) Cloud Computing
17 104 (2.80%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 104 (2.80%) Azure Cosmos DB
18 101 (2.72%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 195 (5.25%) Firewall
2 129 (3.47%) TCP/IP
3 106 (2.85%) Network Security
4 104 (2.80%) VPN
5 85 (2.29%) DNS
6 68 (1.83%) HTTP
7 53 (1.43%) OSPF
8 42 (1.13%) IPv4
8 42 (1.13%) VLAN
9 31 (0.83%) WAN
10 30 (0.81%) SAN
11 28 (0.75%) LAN
12 26 (0.70%) BGP
13 20 (0.54%) Broadband
14 19 (0.51%) WebEx
15 18 (0.48%) DHCP
15 18 (0.48%) Internet
16 16 (0.43%) IPsec
17 13 (0.35%) NAS
18 12 (0.32%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 281 (7.57%) PostgreSQL
2 244 (6.57%) MySQL
3 187 (5.04%) NoSQL
4 164 (4.42%) MongoDB
5 154 (4.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 116 (3.12%) SQL Server
7 115 (3.10%) Big Data
8 101 (2.72%) Redis
9 97 (2.61%) Azure SQL Database
10 95 (2.56%) Amazon RDS
11 79 (2.13%) Relational Database
12 72 (1.94%) MariaDB
13 69 (1.86%) Data Warehouse
14 67 (1.80%) Data Lake
15 54 (1.45%) BigQuery
16 49 (1.32%) Power BI
17 43 (1.16%) Amazon Athena
18 38 (1.02%) Hadoop
19 35 (0.94%) Metadata
20 30 (0.81%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 1,049 (28.24%) Jenkins
2 473 (12.74%) Git (software)
3 375 (10.10%) GitLab
4 256 (6.89%) JIRA
5 197 (5.30%) TeamCity
6 159 (4.28%) CircleCI
7 127 (3.42%) Octopus Deploy
8 94 (2.53%) Artifactory
9 86 (2.32%) Bitbucket
10 84 (2.26%) Team Foundation Server
11 69 (1.86%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 68 (1.83%) Selenium
13 66 (1.78%) Travis CI
14 62 (1.67%) Cypress.io
15 43 (1.16%) JMeter
16 41 (1.10%) Sonatype Nexus
17 37 (1.00%) SonarQube
18 33 (0.89%) Subversion
19 32 (0.86%) SpecFlow
19 32 (0.86%) Spinnaker
General
1 551 (14.84%) Finance
2 454 (12.22%) Social Skills
3 172 (4.63%) Retail
4 124 (3.34%) Banking
5 117 (3.15%) Analytical Skills
6 100 (2.69%) Public Sector
7 93 (2.50%) Games
8 84 (2.26%) Marketing
9 63 (1.70%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 50 (1.35%) Legal
11 48 (1.29%) Organisational Skills
12 47 (1.27%) Publishing
13 39 (1.05%) Manufacturing
14 38 (1.02%) Law
14 38 (1.02%) Presentation Skills
15 36 (0.97%) Telecoms
16 33 (0.89%) Automotive
17 29 (0.78%) Financial Institution
18 26 (0.70%) Local Government
19 25 (0.67%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,477 (39.77%) DevOps Engineer
2 465 (12.52%) AWS Engineer
3 453 (12.20%) Cloud Engineer
4 389 (10.47%) Developer
5 352 (9.48%) Azure Engineer
6 339 (9.13%) Senior DevOps
7 337 (9.07%) Senior DevOps Engineer
8 299 (8.05%) Platform Engineer
9 295 (7.94%) AWS DevOps
10 292 (7.86%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 255 (6.87%) Software Engineer
12 202 (5.44%) Architect
13 193 (5.20%) Site Reliability Engineer
14 172 (4.63%) Site Engineer
15 159 (4.28%) Azure DevOps Engineer
16 121 (3.26%) Azure DevOps
16 121 (3.26%) Senior Developer
17 120 (3.23%) Security Engineer
18 118 (3.18%) Infrastructure Engineer
19 116 (3.12%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 423 (11.39%) React
2 363 (9.77%) .NET
3 354 (9.53%) Node.js
4 342 (9.21%) Web Services
5 224 (6.03%) Kafka
6 217 (5.84%) ARM Templates
7 170 (4.58%) GraphQL
8 150 (4.04%) .NET Core
9 149 (4.01%) REST
10 125 (3.37%) Elastic Stack
11 121 (3.26%) AngularJS
12 107 (2.88%) OAuth
13 104 (2.80%) OAuth2
14 101 (2.72%) HTML
15 98 (2.64%) CSS
16 76 (2.05%) Redux
16 76 (2.05%) Spring
17 64 (1.72%) Vue.js
18 61 (1.64%) React Native
18 61 (1.64%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 287 (7.73%) Public Cloud
2 231 (6.22%) Greenfield Project
3 221 (5.95%) Cloud Native
4 96 (2.58%) User Experience
5 95 (2.56%) Linux Command Line
6 93 (2.50%) Hybrid Cloud
7 84 (2.26%) Data Centre
8 72 (1.94%) Enterprise Cloud
9 68 (1.83%) Private Cloud
10 55 (1.48%) Blog
11 45 (1.21%) Legacy Systems
11 45 (1.21%) Self-Motivation
12 42 (1.13%) Mobile App
13 36 (0.97%) NHS
13 36 (0.97%) Renewable Energy
14 35 (0.94%) Data Protection Act
15 30 (0.81%) Hedge funds
16 29 (0.78%) Management Information System
17 27 (0.73%) Algorithms
18 23 (0.62%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 1,014 (27.30%) Linux
2 556 (14.97%) Windows
3 158 (4.25%) Unix
4 106 (2.85%) Windows Server
5 59 (1.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 55 (1.48%) CentOS
7 41 (1.10%) Android
7 41 (1.10%) Apple iOS
8 40 (1.08%) Ubuntu
9 25 (0.67%) Mesosphere
10 19 (0.51%) Windows Server 2016
11 17 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
12 11 (0.30%) Data ONTAP
12 11 (0.30%) Debian
13 9 (0.24%) VMS
13 9 (0.24%) Windows Server 2019
14 6 (0.16%) Windows 10
15 5 (0.13%) Amazon Linux
15 5 (0.13%) Solaris
15 5 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,785 (74.99%) DevOps
2 1,506 (40.55%) Agile Software Development
3 694 (18.69%) Software Engineering
4 667 (17.96%) Microservices
5 652 (17.56%) Configuration Management
6 618 (16.64%) Problem-Solving
7 413 (11.12%) Site Reliability Engineering
8 409 (11.01%) Continuous Integration
9 398 (10.72%) Test Automation
10 381 (10.26%) Analytics
11 325 (8.75%) Scrum
12 303 (8.16%) Deployment Automation
13 297 (8.00%) TDD
14 290 (7.81%) Mentoring
15 281 (7.57%) SDLC
16 259 (6.97%) Migration
17 256 (6.89%) Full Stack Development
17 256 (6.89%) Open Source
18 249 (6.70%) Infrastructure Engineering
19 237 (6.38%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 1,442 (38.83%) Python
2 734 (19.76%) Java
3 666 (17.93%) PowerShell
4 631 (16.99%) Bash Shell
5 567 (15.27%) SQL
6 558 (15.02%) Go
7 557 (15.00%) JavaScript
8 498 (13.41%) C#
9 364 (9.80%) Ruby
10 322 (8.67%) TypeScript
11 132 (3.55%) PHP
12 101 (2.72%) Scala
13 91 (2.45%) Groovy
14 84 (2.26%) Perl
15 79 (2.13%) C
16 62 (1.67%) C++
17 59 (1.59%) Kotlin
17 59 (1.59%) Rust
18 52 (1.40%) ES6
19 48 (1.29%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 360 (9.69%) Security Cleared
2 318 (8.56%) SC Cleared
3 170 (4.58%) Degree
4 167 (4.50%) AWS Certification
5 52 (1.40%) Computer Science Degree
6 25 (0.67%) Microsoft Certification
7 23 (0.62%) Cisco Certification
8 22 (0.59%) RHCE
9 15 (0.40%) DV Cleared
9 15 (0.40%) GIAC
10 14 (0.38%) CCNA
11 8 (0.22%) RHCSA
11 8 (0.22%) VCAP
12 7 (0.19%) MCSA
13 6 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
13 6 (0.16%) TOGAF Certification
14 5 (0.13%) CISSP
15 4 (0.11%) ITIL Certification
16 3 (0.081%) (ISC)2 CCSP
16 3 (0.081%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 126 (3.39%) QA
2 64 (1.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 37 (1.00%) GDPR
3 37 (1.00%) SLA
4 15 (0.40%) PSD2
5 13 (0.35%) Data Quality
5 13 (0.35%) NIST
6 11 (0.30%) PCI DSS
7 7 (0.19%) Accessibility
8 5 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 4 (0.11%) Cyber Essentials
10 3 (0.081%) IASME
10 3 (0.081%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 2 (0.054%) COBIT
11 2 (0.054%) DICOM
11 2 (0.054%) NCSC
11 2 (0.054%) SOC 2
12 1 (0.027%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 1 (0.027%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 1 (0.027%) PMO
System Software
1 1,759 (47.36%) Docker
2 162 (4.36%) Active Directory
3 144 (3.88%) VMware Infrastructure
4 61 (1.64%) Virtual Machines
5 48 (1.29%) VMware ESXi
6 26 (0.70%) vSphere
7 25 (0.67%) Hyper-V
8 18 (0.48%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 14 (0.38%) NFS
10 11 (0.30%) etcd
11 7 (0.19%) VMware NSX
12 6 (0.16%) Virtual Desktop
12 6 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
13 5 (0.13%) LXC
14 3 (0.081%) Terminal Services
15 2 (0.054%) StorNext
15 2 (0.054%) Xen
15 2 (0.054%) Xsan
16 1 (0.027%) HDFS
16 1 (0.027%) zsh
Systems Management
1 2,681 (72.19%) Terraform
2 1,907 (51.35%) Kubernetes
3 1,058 (28.49%) Ansible
4 691 (18.61%) Puppet
5 550 (14.81%) Opscode Chef
6 359 (9.67%) Prometheus
7 313 (8.43%) Grafana
8 53 (1.43%) Kibana
9 52 (1.40%) Consul
10 49 (1.32%) Istio
11 46 (1.24%) Packer
12 32 (0.86%) Rancher
13 30 (0.81%) logstash
14 28 (0.75%) CFEngine
15 27 (0.73%) SCCM
16 26 (0.70%) Salt
17 25 (0.67%) Automic
18 23 (0.62%) Mesos
19 22 (0.59%) Nagios
20 21 (0.57%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 505 (13.60%) Microsoft
2 341 (9.18%) Google
3 202 (5.44%) Oracle
4 165 (4.44%) VMware
5 140 (3.77%) SaltStack
6 120 (3.23%) Splunk
7 90 (2.42%) New Relic
8 85 (2.29%) EnterpriseDB
9 84 (2.26%) Red Hat
10 53 (1.43%) Cisco
11 47 (1.27%) Atlassian
12 25 (0.67%) Palo Alto
13 22 (0.59%) CheckPoint
13 22 (0.59%) LexisNexis
14 21 (0.57%) SAP
15 20 (0.54%) ServiceNow
16 19 (0.51%) IBM
17 18 (0.48%) Apple
18 17 (0.46%) AppDynamics
19 16 (0.43%) Databricks