Period
to 23 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 23 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
UK > England
6 months to
23 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 263 396 600
Rank change year-on-year +133 +204 +434
Permanent jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 1,682 1,239 702
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 1.28% 0.79% 0.42%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.38% 0.86% 0.46%
Number of salaries quoted 1,218 972 515
England median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% - +8.33%
10th Percentile £42,175 £41,250 £46,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £67,500 £64,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +5.47% -1.54% +8.33%

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 121,487 144,485 152,805
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.20% 91.82% 92.28%
Number of salaries quoted 96,298 115,918 122,163
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,281 £28,250
90th Percentile £86,500 £82,500 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England.

Salary trend for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England over the 6 months to 23 August 2019.

Salary histogram for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the England region over the 6 months to 23 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +140 1,038 £75,000 +7.14% 180
South East +93 210 £65,000 +18.18% 41
North of England -25 162 £53,400 +6.80% 28
North West +21 96 £60,000 +23.71% 19
Midlands +85 85 £62,500 +25.00% 15
East of England +59 84 £55,000 -8.33% 11
South West +37 74 £50,000 -9.09% 18
West Midlands +48 59 £65,279 +24.34% 14
Yorkshire -23 59 £48,750 -2.50% 8
East Midlands +36 25 £56,000 +21.08% 1
North East -4 11 £42,000 -13.40% 1
Infrastructure as Code
UK

For the 6 months to 23 August 2019, IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 1,286 (76.46%) DevOps
2 1,157 (68.79%) AWS
3 1,045 (62.13%) Terraform
4 865 (51.43%) Docker
5 851 (50.59%) Ansible
6 805 (47.86%) Python
7 737 (43.82%) Linux
8 734 (43.64%) Azure
9 681 (40.49%) Kubernetes
10 670 (39.83%) Agile Software Development
11 550 (32.70%) Puppet
12 525 (31.21%) Jenkins
13 477 (28.36%) Opscode Chef
14 448 (26.63%) Windows
15 425 (25.27%) Java
16 387 (23.01%) AWS CloudFormation
17 384 (22.83%) Bash Shell
18 373 (22.18%) Configuration Management
19 372 (22.12%) Continuous Integration
20 355 (21.11%) PowerShell
21 344 (20.45%) GCP
22 322 (19.14%) Microsoft
23 311 (18.49%) Git (software)
23 311 (18.49%) Continuous Delivery
24 306 (18.19%) Finance
25 282 (16.77%) Software Engineering
26 274 (16.29%) Ruby
27 252 (14.98%) Public Cloud
27 252 (14.98%) Microservices
28 223 (13.26%) Go

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (5.59%) Elasticsearch
2 72 (4.28%) IIS
3 65 (3.86%) Apache
4 57 (3.39%) Confluence
5 50 (2.97%) Apache Spark
6 47 (2.79%) Tomcat
7 36 (2.14%) nginx
8 30 (1.78%) OpenStack
8 30 (1.78%) SAS
8 30 (1.78%) SharePoint
9 28 (1.66%) Cloud Foundry
10 23 (1.37%) JBoss
11 15 (0.89%) WebLogic
12 13 (0.77%) CloudStack
13 11 (0.65%) SharePoint 2013
14 10 (0.59%) WebSphere
15 7 (0.42%) MS Exchange
15 7 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 6 (0.36%) Apache Airflow
16 6 (0.36%) Apache TomEE
Applications
1 8 (0.48%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.12%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.059%) Adobe Premiere
3 1 (0.059%) HipChat
3 1 (0.059%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 36 (2.14%) Payment Gateway
2 5 (0.30%) NetSuite
3 4 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
4 3 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.12%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.059%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.059%) Revive Adserver
Cloud Services
1 1,157 (68.79%) AWS
2 734 (43.64%) Azure
3 387 (23.01%) AWS CloudFormation
4 344 (20.45%) GCP
5 221 (13.14%) Serverless
6 218 (12.96%) PaaS
7 175 (10.40%) IaaS
8 152 (9.04%) AWS Lambda
9 131 (7.79%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 128 (7.61%) GitHub
11 115 (6.84%) SaaS
12 107 (6.36%) Amazon S3
13 104 (6.18%) Amazon EC2
14 88 (5.23%) Amazon ECS
15 73 (4.34%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 71 (4.22%) Office 365
17 67 (3.98%) OpenShift
18 50 (2.97%) Cloud Computing
19 47 (2.79%) Datadog
20 41 (2.44%) Azure Stack
Communications & Networking
1 109 (6.48%) DNS
2 98 (5.83%) Firewall
3 68 (4.04%) VPN
4 51 (3.03%) TCP/IP
5 41 (2.44%) DHCP
6 34 (2.02%) Internet
7 31 (1.84%) Network Security
8 25 (1.49%) WAN
9 23 (1.37%) HTTP
10 21 (1.25%) SAN
11 15 (0.89%) BIG-IP
11 15 (0.89%) LAN
11 15 (0.89%) VLAN
12 12 (0.71%) Broadband
13 11 (0.65%) Cisco Nexus
13 11 (0.65%) FabricPath
14 10 (0.59%) SMTP
15 8 (0.48%) Cisco ASA
16 7 (0.42%) Ethernet
16 7 (0.42%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 86 (5.11%) SQL Server
2 85 (5.05%) MySQL
3 70 (4.16%) Amazon RDS
4 68 (4.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 68 (4.04%) Big Data
5 64 (3.80%) PostgreSQL
6 57 (3.39%) Hadoop
7 54 (3.21%) MongoDB
8 47 (2.79%) NoSQL
9 40 (2.38%) Azure SQL Database
9 40 (2.38%) Power BI
10 33 (1.96%) Blockchain
11 28 (1.66%) Apache Cassandra
12 24 (1.43%) Relational Database
13 22 (1.31%) Amazon Redshift
13 22 (1.31%) Data Lake
14 21 (1.25%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 20 (1.19%) Data Warehouse
15 20 (1.19%) Pentaho
16 14 (0.83%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 525 (31.21%) Jenkins
2 311 (18.49%) Git (software)
3 143 (8.50%) TeamCity
4 141 (8.38%) Octopus Deploy
5 129 (7.67%) JIRA
6 110 (6.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 80 (4.76%) Team Foundation Server
8 76 (4.52%) Bitbucket
9 73 (4.34%) GitLab
10 72 (4.28%) IBM UrbanCode
11 62 (3.69%) Visual Studio Team System
12 54 (3.21%) Travis CI
13 48 (2.85%) Subversion
14 47 (2.79%) Vagrant
15 46 (2.73%) Maven
16 43 (2.56%) GoCD
17 41 (2.44%) CircleCI
18 38 (2.26%) Sonatype Nexus
19 35 (2.08%) SonarQube
20 31 (1.84%) Artifactory
General
1 306 (18.19%) Finance
2 137 (8.15%) Banking
3 101 (6.00%) Retail
4 51 (3.03%) Public Sector
5 44 (2.62%) Telecoms
6 42 (2.50%) Electronics
7 41 (2.44%) Law
8 40 (2.38%) Marketing
9 31 (1.84%) Back Office
10 28 (1.66%) Games
11 24 (1.43%) Manufacturing
12 17 (1.01%) Advertising
13 15 (0.89%) Publishing
14 12 (0.71%) Front Office
15 11 (0.65%) Investment Banking
16 8 (0.48%) Retail Banking
17 6 (0.36%) Financial Institution
17 6 (0.36%) Legal
18 1 (0.059%) Military
18 1 (0.059%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 661 (39.30%) DevOps Engineer
2 302 (17.95%) Cloud Engineer
3 252 (14.98%) AWS Engineer
4 198 (11.77%) Senior DevOps
5 181 (10.76%) AWS DevOps
6 163 (9.69%) Senior DevOps Engineer
7 157 (9.33%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 140 (8.32%) Developer
9 130 (7.73%) Consultant
10 115 (6.84%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 102 (6.06%) Platform Engineer
12 100 (5.95%) Architect
13 93 (5.53%) Azure Engineer
14 79 (4.70%) DevOps Consultant
15 71 (4.22%) Lead DevOps
16 64 (3.80%) Software Engineer
17 62 (3.69%) Azure DevOps
18 55 (3.27%) Site Reliability Engineer
19 54 (3.21%) Kubernetes Engineer
20 48 (2.85%) Linux/Unix DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 130 (7.73%) Node.js
2 118 (7.02%) Web Services
3 114 (6.78%) .NET
3 114 (6.78%) Elastic Stack
4 109 (6.48%) Kafka
5 89 (5.29%) JSON
6 39 (2.32%) Spring
7 33 (1.96%) RabbitMQ
7 33 (1.96%) React
8 28 (1.66%) XML
9 27 (1.61%) AngularJS
9 27 (1.61%) Spring Boot
10 22 (1.31%) .NET Core
10 22 (1.31%) AWS Amplify
10 22 (1.31%) GraphQL
10 22 (1.31%) REST
11 20 (1.19%) LAMP
12 19 (1.13%) HTML
13 18 (1.07%) CSS
13 18 (1.07%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 252 (14.98%) Public Cloud
2 112 (6.66%) Hybrid Cloud
3 93 (5.53%) Data Centre
4 88 (5.23%) Analytical Skills
5 75 (4.46%) Self-Motivation
6 70 (4.16%) Cloud Native
7 69 (4.10%) Enterprise Software
7 69 (4.10%) Greenfield Project
8 53 (3.15%) User Experience
9 47 (2.79%) Mobile App
10 43 (2.56%) Algorithms
10 43 (2.56%) Private Cloud
11 39 (2.32%) Linux Command Line
12 34 (2.02%) Data Structures
13 31 (1.84%) Management Information System
14 27 (1.61%) PlayStation
15 20 (1.19%) Virtual Team
16 19 (1.13%) Infotainment
16 19 (1.13%) Mobile Banking
17 17 (1.01%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 737 (43.82%) Linux
2 448 (26.63%) Windows
3 151 (8.98%) Windows Server
4 137 (8.15%) Unix
5 74 (4.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 68 (4.04%) Ubuntu
7 64 (3.80%) CentOS
8 32 (1.90%) Windows Server 2012
9 28 (1.66%) Apple iOS
9 28 (1.66%) Mesosphere
10 24 (1.43%) Windows Server 2008
11 20 (1.19%) Android
12 12 (0.71%) Windows 10
13 11 (0.65%) Debian
13 11 (0.65%) SUSE
14 10 (0.59%) Fedora
15 9 (0.54%) Amazon Linux
16 8 (0.48%) Windows 8
17 7 (0.42%) Windows 7
18 5 (0.30%) DC/OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,286 (76.46%) DevOps
2 670 (39.83%) Agile Software Development
3 373 (22.18%) Configuration Management
4 372 (22.12%) Continuous Integration
5 311 (18.49%) Continuous Delivery
6 282 (16.77%) Software Engineering
7 252 (14.98%) Microservices
8 210 (12.49%) Test Automation
9 197 (11.71%) Problem-Solving
10 191 (11.36%) Migration
11 186 (11.06%) Open Source
12 167 (9.93%) TDD
13 165 (9.81%) Scrum
14 162 (9.63%) Mentoring
15 158 (9.39%) Fintech
16 152 (9.04%) Infrastructure Engineering
17 151 (8.98%) Continuous Deployment
18 145 (8.62%) Deployment Automation
19 141 (8.38%) Site Reliability Engineering
20 123 (7.31%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 805 (47.86%) Python
2 425 (25.27%) Java
3 384 (22.83%) Bash Shell
4 355 (21.11%) PowerShell
5 274 (16.29%) Ruby
6 223 (13.26%) Go
7 208 (12.37%) SQL
8 166 (9.87%) JavaScript
9 99 (5.89%) C#
10 60 (3.57%) Perl
11 56 (3.33%) PHP
12 51 (3.03%) Shell Script
13 50 (2.97%) C++
14 49 (2.91%) Groovy
14 49 (2.91%) Scala
15 25 (1.49%) T-SQL
15 25 (1.49%) TypeScript
16 18 (1.07%) Kotlin
17 17 (1.01%) VB.NET
18 15 (0.89%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 138 (8.20%) Degree
2 44 (2.62%) AWS Certification
3 40 (2.38%) Microsoft Certification
4 25 (1.49%) Computer Science Degree
5 20 (1.19%) Security Cleared
6 18 (1.07%) Cisco Certification
7 15 (0.89%) Network+ Certification
8 14 (0.83%) Master's Degree
8 14 (0.83%) PhD
8 14 (0.83%) RHCE
9 13 (0.77%) CCNA
9 13 (0.77%) MCSE
10 10 (0.59%) MCSA
11 8 (0.48%) RHCSA
12 7 (0.42%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 6 (0.36%) SC Cleared
14 5 (0.30%) DV Cleared
14 5 (0.30%) MCTS
14 5 (0.30%) OCPJP
15 4 (0.24%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (4.64%) QA
2 29 (1.72%) SLA
3 10 (0.59%) PCI DSS
4 4 (0.24%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.24%) GDPR
5 3 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.12%) ISO 9001
6 2 (0.12%) NCSC
6 2 (0.12%) PSD2
7 1 (0.059%) COBIT
7 1 (0.059%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.059%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 865 (51.43%) Docker
2 189 (11.24%) Active Directory
3 96 (5.71%) VMware Infrastructure
4 69 (4.10%) Hyper-V
5 38 (2.26%) Virtual Machines
6 29 (1.72%) XenApp
7 19 (1.13%) vSphere
8 18 (1.07%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 14 (0.83%) KVM
9 14 (0.83%) VMware ESXi
10 13 (0.77%) etcd
11 12 (0.71%) VMware NSX
12 10 (0.59%) Microsoft App-V
12 10 (0.59%) vCloud
13 9 (0.54%) LXC
13 9 (0.54%) Squid
14 7 (0.42%) Virtual Desktop
15 6 (0.36%) VMware Workstation
16 5 (0.30%) Virtual Servers
16 5 (0.30%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 1,045 (62.13%) Terraform
2 851 (50.59%) Ansible
3 681 (40.49%) Kubernetes
4 550 (32.70%) Puppet
5 477 (28.36%) Opscode Chef
6 110 (6.54%) Prometheus
7 98 (5.83%) Consul
8 90 (5.35%) Packer
9 67 (3.98%) Grafana
10 54 (3.21%) Salt
11 48 (2.85%) Docker Swarm
12 45 (2.68%) Rancher
13 41 (2.44%) Kibana
14 36 (2.14%) SCCM
15 29 (1.72%) Rundeck
16 28 (1.66%) Automic
17 27 (1.61%) Nagios
18 24 (1.43%) Graphite
19 23 (1.37%) logstash
20 21 (1.25%) SCOM
Vendors
1 322 (19.14%) Microsoft
2 174 (10.34%) Google
3 127 (7.55%) VMware
4 118 (7.02%) Splunk
5 84 (4.99%) Oracle
6 65 (3.86%) Red Hat
7 56 (3.33%) New Relic
8 54 (3.21%) Atlassian
8 54 (3.21%) Citrix
9 44 (2.62%) AppDynamics
10 43 (2.56%) IBM
11 39 (2.32%) ServiceNow
12 36 (2.14%) Spotify
12 36 (2.14%) WorldPay
13 34 (2.02%) Cisco
14 27 (1.61%) Dynatrace
14 27 (1.61%) SAP
15 26 (1.55%) Delphix
15 26 (1.55%) RedGate
16 23 (1.37%) Cloudera