Period
to 29 November 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 29 November 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Perl
UK > England
6 months to
29 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 434 322 336
Rank change year-on-year -112 +14 -87
Permanent jobs citing Perl 788 452 1,198
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.70% 0.91% 0.96%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.30% 1.55% 1.78%
Number of salaries quoted 427 349 891
10th Percentile £39,000 £37,500 £35,000
25th Percentile £46,250 £45,250 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £70,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £83,750 £85,000
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% -

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 60,405 29,190 67,345
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 53.70% 58.99% 53.86%
Number of salaries quoted 40,972 25,406 56,602
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £31,250
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £39,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +9.52% -
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £98,750 £90,000 £87,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in England

Perl
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Perl in England.

Salary trend for Perl in England

Perl
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 29 November 2021.

Salary histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the England region over the 6 months to 29 November 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -121 383 £74,250 +10.00% 54
South East -24 183 £48,750 -11.36% 28
North of England -94 66 £47,500 -17.39% 22
Midlands -126 52 £48,000 -12.73% 9
East of England -99 51 £43,750 -12.50% 13
West Midlands -125 43 £47,500 -13.64% 4
North West -92 40 £47,500 -19.15% 14
South West -70 35 £45,000 -10.00% 13
North East -21 17 £62,500 +6.38%
East Midlands -55 11 £48,000 -26.15% 5
Yorkshire -90 10 £55,000 +15.79% 8
Perl
UK

For the 6 months to 29 November 2021, IT jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Perl.

1 701 (88.96%) Python
2 461 (58.50%) Linux
3 326 (41.37%) AWS
4 310 (39.34%) DevOps
5 305 (38.71%) Java
6 291 (36.93%) Agile Software Development
7 286 (36.29%) JavaScript
8 228 (28.93%) Unix
9 227 (28.81%) Azure
10 223 (28.30%) Bash Shell
11 220 (27.92%) Degree
12 216 (27.41%) Ansible
13 209 (26.52%) Social Skills
14 207 (26.27%) Finance
15 205 (26.02%) C#
16 190 (24.11%) Ruby
17 187 (23.73%) Windows
18 186 (23.60%) C++
19 165 (20.94%) Jenkins
20 163 (20.69%) PowerShell
21 162 (20.56%) Oracle
22 160 (20.30%) Problem-Solving
23 157 (19.92%) SQL
24 148 (18.78%) Computer Science
25 141 (17.89%) Shell Script
26 137 (17.39%) PHP
26 137 (17.39%) Analytical Skills
27 133 (16.88%) Serverless
28 131 (16.62%) C
29 130 (16.50%) Continuous Integration

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (5.71%) Elasticsearch
2 35 (4.44%) Apache
3 21 (2.66%) Confluence
3 21 (2.66%) Tomcat
4 18 (2.28%) OpenStack
5 17 (2.16%) nginx
6 16 (2.03%) WebLogic
7 15 (1.90%) IIS
8 10 (1.27%) SharePoint
9 8 (1.02%) Oracle HTTP Server
9 8 (1.02%) WebSphere
10 7 (0.89%) OpenEdge
11 6 (0.76%) Apache Spark
12 5 (0.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 5 (0.63%) SAS
13 4 (0.51%) Jupyter
14 3 (0.38%) Drupal
14 3 (0.38%) Facebook Platform
14 3 (0.38%) JBoss
14 3 (0.38%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 9 (1.14%) Simulink
1 9 (1.14%) Stateflow
2 7 (0.89%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.38%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.13%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 53 (6.73%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.38%) FastStats
3 2 (0.25%) FastStats PeopleStage
3 2 (0.25%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
4 1 (0.13%) Minerva
4 1 (0.13%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 326 (41.37%) AWS
2 227 (28.81%) Azure
3 133 (16.88%) Serverless
4 91 (11.55%) SaaS
5 81 (10.28%) OpenShift
6 76 (9.64%) Cloud Computing
7 70 (8.88%) Amazon S3
8 68 (8.63%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 63 (7.99%) IaaS
10 62 (7.87%) CloudFront
11 59 (7.49%) AWS Lambda
12 55 (6.98%) Azure Sentinel
13 53 (6.73%) Amazon GuardDuty
13 53 (6.73%) AWS CloudFormation
13 53 (6.73%) AWS CloudTrail
13 53 (6.73%) Azure Logic Apps
13 53 (6.73%) PaaS
14 38 (4.82%) GCP
15 34 (4.31%) Amazon EC2
15 34 (4.31%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 78 (9.90%) DNS
2 73 (9.26%) Firewall
3 58 (7.36%) HTTP
4 48 (6.09%) TCP/IP
5 28 (3.55%) VPN
6 19 (2.41%) SMTP
7 18 (2.28%) BGP
8 17 (2.16%) OSPF
9 16 (2.03%) DHCP
10 15 (1.90%) SSL
11 12 (1.52%) Internet
12 11 (1.40%) FIX Connectivity
12 11 (1.40%) Junos
12 11 (1.40%) LAN
12 11 (1.40%) WAN
13 9 (1.14%) FTP
13 9 (1.14%) HSRP
13 9 (1.14%) SAN
13 9 (1.14%) VRRP
14 8 (1.02%) Sourcefire
Database & Business Intelligence
1 122 (15.48%) PostgreSQL
2 100 (12.69%) MySQL
3 50 (6.35%) SQL Server
4 49 (6.22%) Relational Database
5 38 (4.82%) Metadata
6 33 (4.19%) NoSQL
7 31 (3.93%) MongoDB
8 30 (3.81%) Big Data
9 18 (2.28%) Amazon RDS
9 18 (2.28%) Hadoop
9 18 (2.28%) Tableau
10 17 (2.16%) Data Mining
11 14 (1.78%) Apache Cassandra
11 14 (1.78%) Data Warehouse
11 14 (1.78%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 12 (1.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 11 (1.40%) Power BI
13 11 (1.40%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 10 (1.27%) MariaDB
15 9 (1.14%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 165 (20.94%) Jenkins
2 78 (9.90%) Git (software)
3 51 (6.47%) JIRA
4 44 (5.58%) GitLab
5 39 (4.95%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 23 (2.92%) CircleCI
7 19 (2.41%) Selenium
8 17 (2.16%) Vagrant
9 14 (1.78%) Subversion
10 13 (1.65%) Cucumber
11 12 (1.52%) Bitbucket
12 9 (1.14%) ClearCase
12 9 (1.14%) Plastic SCM
13 8 (1.02%) Maven
14 7 (0.89%) Browser DevTools
14 7 (0.89%) Gradle
14 7 (0.89%) JMeter
14 7 (0.89%) LoadRunner
14 7 (0.89%) TeamCity
15 6 (0.76%) SoapUI
General
1 209 (26.52%) Social Skills
2 207 (26.27%) Finance
3 137 (17.39%) Analytical Skills
4 61 (7.74%) Banking
5 34 (4.31%) Telecoms
6 27 (3.43%) Investment Banking
7 23 (2.92%) Front Office
8 22 (2.79%) Law
9 21 (2.66%) Games
10 20 (2.54%) Pharmaceutical
10 20 (2.54%) Presentation Skills
11 15 (1.90%) Documentation Skills
12 14 (1.78%) Marketing
13 13 (1.65%) Public Sector
14 11 (1.40%) Electronics
14 11 (1.40%) Organisational Skills
14 11 (1.40%) Retail
15 9 (1.14%) Automotive
16 8 (1.02%) Legal
17 7 (0.89%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 189 (23.98%) Developer
2 116 (14.72%) Analyst
3 102 (12.94%) DevOps Engineer
4 68 (8.63%) Analyst Developer
4 68 (8.63%) Pricing Analyst
4 68 (8.63%) Pricing Developer
5 67 (8.50%) Software Engineer
6 54 (6.85%) Security Engineer
7 52 (6.60%) Cybersecurity Engineer
8 47 (5.96%) Platform Engineer
8 47 (5.96%) Software Developer
9 42 (5.33%) AWS Engineer
10 41 (5.20%) Salesforce Developer
11 39 (4.95%) AWS DevOps
11 39 (4.95%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 38 (4.82%) Administrator
13 37 (4.70%) Systems Administrator
14 36 (4.57%) Support Engineer
15 33 (4.19%) Junior
15 33 (4.19%) Linux Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 94 (11.93%) REST
2 86 (10.91%) React
3 84 (10.66%) AngularJS
4 77 (9.77%) Spring
5 73 (9.26%) .NET
6 71 (9.01%) Java EE
6 71 (9.01%) Spring Boot
7 68 (8.63%) JSON
8 66 (8.38%) XML
9 32 (4.06%) HTML
10 31 (3.93%) FIX Protocol
11 30 (3.81%) Kafka
11 30 (3.81%) LAMP
12 29 (3.68%) Web Services
13 26 (3.30%) GraphQL
14 19 (2.41%) Node.js
15 18 (2.28%) Apache Avro
16 17 (2.16%) CSS
17 15 (1.90%) ASP.NET
17 15 (1.90%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 111 (14.09%) Management Information System
2 86 (10.91%) Self-Motivation
3 84 (10.66%) Virtual Team
4 75 (9.52%) User Experience
5 45 (5.71%) Public Cloud
6 42 (5.33%) Linux Command Line
7 40 (5.08%) Equities
8 30 (3.81%) Algorithms
9 29 (3.68%) Data Centre
10 16 (2.03%) Data Structures
11 15 (1.90%) Enterprise Software
12 13 (1.65%) Fixed Income
13 12 (1.52%) PKI
14 11 (1.40%) Greenfield Project
14 11 (1.40%) Life Science
15 10 (1.27%) Cyberthreat
15 10 (1.27%) Derivative
15 10 (1.27%) Hybrid Cloud
15 10 (1.27%) Replication
15 10 (1.27%) Security Operations Centre
Operating Systems
1 461 (58.50%) Linux
2 228 (28.93%) Unix
3 187 (23.73%) Windows
4 73 (9.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 62 (7.87%) CentOS
6 55 (6.98%) Mac OS
7 26 (3.30%) Ubuntu
8 25 (3.17%) Windows Server
9 21 (2.66%) Solaris
10 13 (1.65%) SUSE
11 9 (1.14%) Windows Server 2008
11 9 (1.14%) Windows Server 2016
12 8 (1.02%) Android
12 8 (1.02%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 6 (0.76%) Debian
13 6 (0.76%) Mac OS X
13 6 (0.76%) Oracle Linux
13 6 (0.76%) VMS
14 5 (0.63%) Check Point GAiA
14 5 (0.63%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 310 (39.34%) DevOps
2 291 (36.93%) Agile Software Development
3 160 (20.30%) Problem-Solving
4 148 (18.78%) Computer Science
5 130 (16.50%) Continuous Integration
6 124 (15.74%) Risk Management
7 119 (15.10%) Configuration Management
8 118 (14.97%) Mentoring
9 115 (14.59%) Analytics
10 113 (14.34%) Microservices
11 97 (12.31%) Continuous Improvement
12 93 (11.80%) Mathematics
13 92 (11.68%) Scrum
14 87 (11.04%) Cybersecurity
15 85 (10.79%) Software Engineering
16 81 (10.28%) Data Modelling
17 80 (10.15%) Data Analytics
18 79 (10.03%) SIEM
19 78 (9.90%) Infrastructure as Code
20 76 (9.64%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 701 (88.96%) Python
2 305 (38.71%) Java
3 286 (36.29%) JavaScript
4 223 (28.30%) Bash Shell
5 205 (26.02%) C#
6 190 (24.11%) Ruby
7 186 (23.60%) C++
8 163 (20.69%) PowerShell
9 157 (19.92%) SQL
10 141 (17.89%) Shell Script
11 137 (17.39%) PHP
12 131 (16.62%) C
13 75 (9.52%) R
14 62 (7.87%) VB
15 55 (6.98%) MATLAB
16 51 (6.47%) VB.NET
17 50 (6.35%) Scala
18 46 (5.84%) Kotlin
18 46 (5.84%) Objective-C
19 45 (5.71%) Pascal
Qualifications
1 220 (27.92%) Degree
2 57 (7.23%) Security Cleared
3 53 (6.73%) GCFA
3 53 (6.73%) GCIA
3 53 (6.73%) GCIH
3 53 (6.73%) SANS
4 52 (6.60%) GCFE
5 49 (6.22%) SC Cleared
6 34 (4.31%) Computer Science Degree
7 19 (2.41%) Master's Degree
8 10 (1.27%) PMI Certification
9 9 (1.14%) PhD
10 7 (0.89%) OSCP
11 6 (0.76%) CREST Certified
12 5 (0.63%) Cisco Certification
12 5 (0.63%) DV Cleared
13 4 (0.51%) DBS Check
13 4 (0.51%) Microsoft Certification
14 3 (0.38%) Numerate Degree
15 2 (0.25%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (2.92%) Data Quality
1 23 (2.92%) QA
2 12 (1.52%) PCI DSS
3 10 (1.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 9 (1.14%) ISO 26262
4 9 (1.14%) MISRA
4 9 (1.14%) SLA
5 7 (0.89%) GDPR
5 7 (0.89%) MiFID
6 5 (0.63%) HIPAA
7 2 (0.25%) Cyber Essentials
7 2 (0.25%) NIST
7 2 (0.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.13%) GRC
8 1 (0.13%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.13%) NCSC
System Software
1 113 (14.34%) Docker
2 31 (3.93%) VMware Infrastructure
3 22 (2.79%) Active Directory
4 17 (2.16%) Virtual Machines
5 12 (1.52%) iptables
6 10 (1.27%) NFS
6 10 (1.27%) vSphere
7 8 (1.02%) Hyper-V
8 7 (0.89%) Postfix
8 7 (0.89%) Samba
9 6 (0.76%) Microsoft App-V
9 6 (0.76%) XenApp
10 5 (0.63%) HDFS
11 4 (0.51%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 4 (0.51%) LXC
12 3 (0.38%) Ceph
12 3 (0.38%) NDS
12 3 (0.38%) VMware ESXi
13 2 (0.25%) Firmware
13 2 (0.25%) KVM
Systems Management
1 216 (27.41%) Ansible
2 129 (16.37%) Terraform
3 108 (13.71%) Kubernetes
4 101 (12.82%) Puppet
5 74 (9.39%) Opscode Chef
6 28 (3.55%) CFEngine
7 26 (3.30%) Nagios
8 20 (2.54%) Salt
9 17 (2.16%) SCCM
10 13 (1.65%) Grafana
11 12 (1.52%) HAProxy
12 10 (1.27%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
12 10 (1.27%) Computer Incident Response Team
12 10 (1.27%) SCOM
12 10 (1.27%) SCOrch
13 7 (0.89%) FortiGate
13 7 (0.89%) Prometheus
13 7 (0.89%) ZABBIX
14 6 (0.76%) EdgeSight
14 6 (0.76%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 162 (20.56%) Oracle
2 125 (15.86%) Red Hat
3 49 (6.22%) Microsoft
4 47 (5.96%) Salesforce.com
4 47 (5.96%) Splunk
5 41 (5.20%) VMware
6 27 (3.43%) IBM
7 26 (3.30%) Cisco
8 25 (3.17%) F5
9 24 (3.05%) Google
10 23 (2.92%) Sybase
11 17 (2.16%) Palo Alto
12 16 (2.03%) HP
13 15 (1.90%) Citrix
13 15 (1.90%) SAP
14 14 (1.78%) Juniper
15 13 (1.65%) SaltStack
16 11 (1.40%) Bloomberg
17 10 (1.27%) Reuters
18 9 (1.14%) Lauterbach