Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Perl
UK > England
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 380 380 257
Rank change year-on-year 0 -123 -18
Permanent jobs citing Perl 562 830 1,865
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.76% 0.79% 1.35%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.37% 1.45% 2.47%
Number of salaries quoted 410 664 1,457
10th Percentile £38,750 £35,675 £36,250
25th Percentile £47,500 £46,250 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £73,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £96,250 £88,750
UK median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £57,500
% change year-on-year +8.70% - +4.55%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 41,086 57,163 75,377
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.56% 54.44% 54.63%
Number of salaries quoted 33,736 48,072 63,097
10th Percentile £34,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in England

Perl
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Perl in England.

Salary trend for Perl in England

Perl
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the England region over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +24 295 £75,000 +7.14% 39
Midlands +62 67 £60,000 +20.00% 9
West Midlands +56 64 £60,000 +16.40% 7
South East -34 64 £51,250 -6.82% 15
South West +36 59 £50,000 +11.11% 3
North of England +9 43 £55,000 +12.82% 25
North West +36 35 £55,000 -2.16% 13
East of England +39 23 £46,250 +2.78% 12
Yorkshire -31 6 £55,000 +37.50% 8
North East +16 2 £58,750 -17.90% 4
East Midlands +11 2 - - 2
Perl
UK

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Perl.

1 449 (79.89%) Python
2 339 (60.32%) Linux
3 214 (38.08%) Bash Shell
4 183 (32.56%) Java
5 169 (30.07%) SQL
6 163 (29.00%) DevOps
7 150 (26.69%) Unix
8 141 (25.09%) Windows
9 138 (24.56%) Agile Software Development
10 135 (24.02%) Ansible
11 122 (21.71%) AWS
12 116 (20.64%) Jenkins
13 113 (20.11%) Finance
14 111 (19.75%) Puppet
15 109 (19.40%) Problem-Solving
16 103 (18.33%) Oracle
17 101 (17.97%) Azure
18 96 (17.08%) Docker
19 94 (16.73%) Configuration Management
20 93 (16.55%) Degree
21 90 (16.01%) Ruby
22 89 (15.84%) PowerShell
23 87 (15.48%) Shell Script
24 82 (14.59%) Analytical Skills
25 79 (14.06%) Kubernetes
26 78 (13.88%) Opscode Chef
26 78 (13.88%) C#
27 75 (13.35%) Analytics
28 74 (13.17%) Web Services
29 72 (12.81%) JIRA

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (6.94%) Confluence
2 35 (6.23%) Apache
3 26 (4.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 18 (3.20%) nginx
5 17 (3.02%) Tomcat
6 15 (2.67%) Apache Spark
7 14 (2.49%) IIS
8 11 (1.96%) ejabberd
8 11 (1.96%) MTS
9 10 (1.78%) WebLogic
10 9 (1.60%) JBoss
10 9 (1.60%) SAS
11 8 (1.42%) Apache Pig
11 8 (1.42%) SharePoint
12 6 (1.07%) Elasticsearch
13 5 (0.89%) OpenStack
14 4 (0.71%) Drupal
15 2 (0.36%) WebSphere
16 1 (0.18%) MS Exchange
16 1 (0.18%) Mule
Applications
1 11 (1.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (1.42%) SPSS
3 7 (1.25%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (1.07%) Gephi
5 5 (0.89%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.71%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 4 (0.71%) Adobe Illustrator
6 4 (0.71%) Fireworks
6 4 (0.71%) Photoshop
6 4 (0.71%) Sketch
7 2 (0.36%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 14 (2.49%) Summit
2 7 (1.25%) Remedy ITSM
3 5 (0.89%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 3 (0.53%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 122 (21.71%) AWS
2 101 (17.97%) Azure
3 55 (9.79%) IaaS
4 54 (9.61%) PaaS
5 38 (6.76%) GCP
6 34 (6.05%) SaaS
7 12 (2.14%) Azure Active Directory
8 11 (1.96%) AWS CloudFormation
9 10 (1.78%) Power Platform
10 7 (1.25%) Cloud Computing
10 7 (1.25%) Microsoft 365
11 6 (1.07%) Amazon ECS
11 6 (1.07%) Azure Data Factory
11 6 (1.07%) GitHub
12 4 (0.71%) Amazon EC2
12 4 (0.71%) Datadog
12 4 (0.71%) Yarn
13 3 (0.53%) Amazon ELB
13 3 (0.53%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
13 3 (0.53%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 61 (10.85%) Firewall
2 55 (9.79%) DNS
3 53 (9.43%) Internet
4 37 (6.58%) TCP/IP
5 29 (5.16%) SSL
6 28 (4.98%) HTTP
7 25 (4.45%) DHCP
8 23 (4.09%) SSH
8 23 (4.09%) VPN
9 17 (3.02%) SMTP
9 17 (3.02%) SNMP
10 16 (2.85%) Ethernet
10 16 (2.85%) LAN
11 15 (2.67%) Diameter Protocol
12 14 (2.49%) BGP
13 13 (2.31%) FTP
13 13 (2.31%) SAN
14 11 (1.96%) Asterisk PBX
14 11 (1.96%) PBX
15 9 (1.60%) IMAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 66 (11.74%) SQL Server
2 61 (10.85%) MySQL
3 45 (8.01%) Big Data
4 40 (7.12%) Relational Database
5 35 (6.23%) PostgreSQL
6 30 (5.34%) MongoDB
7 28 (4.98%) Hadoop
8 23 (4.09%) Data Warehouse
9 22 (3.91%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 22 (3.91%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 19 (3.38%) Oracle Database
11 18 (3.20%) NoSQL
12 17 (3.02%) Data Mining
13 16 (2.85%) Apache Cassandra
13 16 (2.85%) DB2
14 14 (2.49%) Oracle Exadata
15 11 (1.96%) QlikView
15 11 (1.96%) Tableau
16 10 (1.78%) Power BI
16 10 (1.78%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 116 (20.64%) Jenkins
2 72 (12.81%) JIRA
3 70 (12.46%) Git (software)
4 35 (6.23%) GitLab
5 29 (5.16%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 25 (4.45%) Bitbucket
7 22 (3.91%) Subversion
8 20 (3.56%) Selenium
9 14 (2.49%) Artifactory
10 9 (1.60%) Gerrit
11 8 (1.42%) git-flow
11 8 (1.42%) JMeter
11 8 (1.42%) Maven
11 8 (1.42%) Vagrant
12 7 (1.25%) Ant
12 7 (1.25%) Cucumber
13 6 (1.07%) Bitbucket Server
13 6 (1.07%) SonarQube
13 6 (1.07%) Zephyr
14 5 (0.89%) SoapUI
General
1 113 (20.11%) Finance
2 57 (10.14%) Banking
3 27 (4.80%) Legal
4 24 (4.27%) Front Office
5 19 (3.38%) Back Office
5 19 (3.38%) Games
5 19 (3.38%) Investment Banking
6 16 (2.85%) Publishing
6 16 (2.85%) Retail
7 14 (2.49%) Law
8 11 (1.96%) Public Sector
9 9 (1.60%) Automotive
10 8 (1.42%) Telecoms
11 7 (1.25%) Advertising
11 7 (1.25%) Financial Institution
12 6 (1.07%) Aerospace
13 4 (0.71%) Billing
13 4 (0.71%) Local Government
14 3 (0.53%) Electronics
15 2 (0.36%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 81 (14.41%) Developer
2 65 (11.57%) DevOps Engineer
3 46 (8.19%) Applications Support
4 43 (7.65%) Cloud Engineer
5 42 (7.47%) Analyst
6 39 (6.94%) Platform Engineer
7 37 (6.58%) AWS Engineer
8 36 (6.41%) Linux Engineer
9 33 (5.87%) Administrator
10 29 (5.16%) AWS DevOps
10 29 (5.16%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 28 (4.98%) Security Engineer
11 28 (4.98%) Systems Engineer
12 27 (4.80%) Software Engineer
13 25 (4.45%) Support Analyst
14 24 (4.27%) Applications Support Analyst
15 23 (4.09%) Architect
16 22 (3.91%) Linux Administrator
17 20 (3.56%) Java Developer
18 19 (3.38%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 74 (13.17%) Web Services
2 41 (7.30%) .NET
3 35 (6.23%) Elastic Stack
3 35 (6.23%) XML
4 33 (5.87%) HTML
4 33 (5.87%) Node.js
5 32 (5.69%) REST
6 27 (4.80%) AngularJS
6 27 (4.80%) FIX Protocol
6 27 (4.80%) React
6 27 (4.80%) SOAP
7 26 (4.63%) JSON
7 26 (4.63%) LDAP
8 24 (4.27%) GraphQL
9 23 (4.09%) .NET Framework
10 19 (3.38%) .NET Core
10 19 (3.38%) Next.js
11 18 (3.20%) Kafka
11 18 (3.20%) Middleware
12 16 (2.85%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 82 (14.59%) Analytical Skills
2 42 (7.47%) Management Information System
3 28 (4.98%) Public Cloud
4 27 (4.80%) Clustering
4 27 (4.80%) Data Centre
4 27 (4.80%) Enterprise Software
4 27 (4.80%) Linux Command Line
5 18 (3.20%) PKI
6 15 (2.67%) SWIFT
6 15 (2.67%) Virtual Team
7 14 (2.49%) Derivative
8 13 (2.31%) Equities
8 13 (2.31%) Security Operations Centre
9 11 (1.96%) Self-Motivation
10 10 (1.78%) Cloud Native
11 9 (1.60%) Algorithms
11 9 (1.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 9 (1.60%) Replication
12 8 (1.42%) Eurex
12 8 (1.42%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 339 (60.32%) Linux
2 150 (26.69%) Unix
3 141 (25.09%) Windows
4 60 (10.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 58 (10.32%) CentOS
6 37 (6.58%) Debian
7 32 (5.69%) Solaris
8 29 (5.16%) Windows Server
9 28 (4.98%) Ubuntu
10 9 (1.60%) Windows Server 2012
10 9 (1.60%) Windows Server 2016
11 5 (0.89%) AIX
11 5 (0.89%) VMS
12 4 (0.71%) Fedora
12 4 (0.71%) Mac OS
12 4 (0.71%) Windows 10
12 4 (0.71%) Windows 7
13 2 (0.36%) Windows Server 2008
14 1 (0.18%) Check Point GAiA
14 1 (0.18%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 163 (29.00%) DevOps
2 138 (24.56%) Agile Software Development
3 109 (19.40%) Problem-Solving
4 94 (16.73%) Configuration Management
5 75 (13.35%) Analytics
6 68 (12.10%) Software Engineering
7 67 (11.92%) Computer Science
8 57 (10.14%) Open Source
9 55 (9.79%) Cybersecurity
10 51 (9.07%) Scrum
11 49 (8.72%) Infrastructure as Code
12 46 (8.19%) Continuous Integration
13 45 (8.01%) Site Reliability Engineering
14 41 (7.30%) Microservices
15 39 (6.94%) Load Balancing
16 37 (6.58%) High Availability
17 35 (6.23%) Test Automation
18 34 (6.05%) Coaching
18 34 (6.05%) Infrastructure Engineering
19 33 (5.87%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 449 (79.89%) Python
2 214 (38.08%) Bash Shell
3 183 (32.56%) Java
4 169 (30.07%) SQL
5 90 (16.01%) Ruby
6 89 (15.84%) PowerShell
7 87 (15.48%) Shell Script
8 78 (13.88%) C#
9 71 (12.63%) JavaScript
10 70 (12.46%) C++
11 63 (11.21%) C
12 60 (10.68%) Go
13 50 (8.90%) PHP
14 20 (3.56%) TypeScript
15 15 (2.67%) Korn
15 15 (2.67%) VB
16 14 (2.49%) PL/SQL
17 13 (2.31%) Groovy
18 11 (1.96%) T-SQL
19 10 (1.78%) Scala
Qualifications
1 93 (16.55%) Degree
2 70 (12.46%) Security Cleared
3 51 (9.07%) SC Cleared
4 25 (4.45%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (1.96%) DV Cleared
5 11 (1.96%) GIAC
6 9 (1.60%) Cisco Certification
7 8 (1.42%) Microsoft Certification
8 7 (1.25%) CCNA
8 7 (1.25%) MCSE
9 6 (1.07%) CEH
9 6 (1.07%) CISSP
9 6 (1.07%) CompTIA Security+
9 6 (1.07%) ISTQB
9 6 (1.07%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 6 (1.07%) Linux+ Certification
9 6 (1.07%) Network+ Certification
9 6 (1.07%) SANS
9 6 (1.07%) SSCP
10 5 (0.89%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (2.49%) QA
2 9 (1.60%) MiFID
3 6 (1.07%) ISO 26262
3 6 (1.07%) SLA
4 5 (0.89%) PMO
5 4 (0.71%) GDPR
5 4 (0.71%) WAI
5 4 (0.71%) WCAG
6 3 (0.53%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.18%) NIST
System Software
1 96 (17.08%) Docker
2 51 (9.07%) Active Directory
3 48 (8.54%) KVM
4 41 (7.30%) VMware Infrastructure
5 18 (3.20%) Xen
6 17 (3.02%) Oracle RAC
7 16 (2.85%) Firmware
8 14 (2.49%) Postfix
9 13 (2.31%) Hyper-V
10 12 (2.14%) iptables
10 12 (2.14%) QEMU
11 11 (1.96%) Kamailio
12 10 (1.78%) BitLocker
12 10 (1.78%) Samba
13 6 (1.07%) Apache Flume
13 6 (1.07%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 6 (1.07%) HDFS
14 5 (0.89%) Btrfs
14 5 (0.89%) Ceph
14 5 (0.89%) DRBD
Systems Management
1 135 (24.02%) Ansible
2 111 (19.75%) Puppet
3 79 (14.06%) Kubernetes
4 78 (13.88%) Opscode Chef
5 61 (10.85%) Terraform
6 41 (7.30%) CFEngine
7 19 (3.38%) Demisto
8 15 (2.67%) Nagios
8 15 (2.67%) Oracle RMAN
8 15 (2.67%) SCCM
9 14 (2.49%) HAProxy
9 14 (2.49%) ZABBIX
10 13 (2.31%) Galera Cluster
11 10 (1.78%) Norton AntiVirus
12 8 (1.42%) ITRS Geneos
12 8 (1.42%) Red Hat Satellite
13 7 (1.25%) Grafana
13 7 (1.25%) Prometheus
13 7 (1.25%) SCOM
14 6 (1.07%) CSIRT
Vendors
1 103 (18.33%) Oracle
2 70 (12.46%) Microsoft
3 64 (11.39%) Red Hat
4 52 (9.25%) VMware
5 40 (7.12%) ServiceNow
6 37 (6.58%) Google
7 35 (6.23%) Splunk
8 27 (4.80%) IBM
9 26 (4.63%) Cisco
10 25 (4.45%) HP
11 19 (3.38%) ArcSight
12 17 (3.02%) TOWER Software
13 16 (2.85%) Sybase
14 15 (2.67%) Atlassian
15 13 (2.31%) Databricks
15 13 (2.31%) Juniper
16 12 (2.14%) GENBAND
16 12 (2.14%) Mitel
16 12 (2.14%) Percona
16 12 (2.14%) SonicWALL