Period
to 27 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 27 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Perl
UK > England
6 months to
27 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 356 361 256
Rank change year-on-year +5 -105 -31
Permanent jobs citing Perl 474 973 1,922
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.81% 0.84% 1.38%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.39% 1.56% 2.51%
Number of salaries quoted 409 805 1,663
Median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% - +4.55%
10th Percentile £40,000 £35,000 £37,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - -

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 34,110 62,506 76,500
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 58.03% 54.15% 54.92%
Number of salaries quoted 29,113 52,459 64,540
Median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in England

Perl
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Perl in England.

Salary trend for Perl in England

Perl
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 27 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the England region over the 6 months to 27 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +17 226 £70,000 +12.00% 46
Midlands +124 77 £52,500 +5.00% 16
West Midlands +97 75 £52,500 +5.00% 11
South East -3 53 £48,750 -11.36% 18
North of England +54 48 £55,000 +10.00% 14
North West +74 40 £55,000 -5.98% 5
South West +23 36 £42,500 -10.53% 7
East of England +62 24 £45,000 - 14
Yorkshire +11 6 £47,500 +11.76% 6
North East +13 2 £55,000 -19.45% 3
East Midlands +53 1 - - 5
Perl
UK

For the 6 months to 27 January 2021, IT jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Perl.

1 402 (84.81%) Python
2 264 (55.70%) Linux
3 174 (36.71%) Java
4 164 (34.60%) Bash Shell
5 152 (32.07%) DevOps
6 147 (31.01%) Unix
7 133 (28.06%) Windows
8 125 (26.37%) SQL
9 124 (26.16%) Ansible
10 105 (22.15%) Problem-Solving
11 103 (21.73%) Jenkins
12 95 (20.04%) Agile Software Development
12 95 (20.04%) PowerShell
13 93 (19.62%) Ruby
14 85 (17.93%) Finance
15 84 (17.72%) C++
16 83 (17.51%) Shell Script
16 83 (17.51%) Puppet
17 80 (16.88%) Azure
18 77 (16.24%) AWS
18 77 (16.24%) Git (software)
19 76 (16.03%) Degree
19 76 (16.03%) Oracle
20 75 (15.82%) C#
21 71 (14.98%) Analytical Skills
22 67 (14.14%) Configuration Management
23 64 (13.50%) TCP/IP
24 62 (13.08%) Docker
25 61 (12.87%) Analytics
25 61 (12.87%) Microsoft

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (8.86%) Confluence
2 22 (4.64%) Apache
3 12 (2.53%) MTS
4 11 (2.32%) WebLogic
5 9 (1.90%) SAS
6 7 (1.48%) nginx
6 7 (1.48%) WebSphere
7 6 (1.27%) Apache Spark
7 6 (1.27%) OpenStack
8 5 (1.05%) Apache Pig
8 5 (1.05%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 5 (1.05%) Tomcat
9 4 (0.84%) Elasticsearch
9 4 (0.84%) IIS
10 3 (0.63%) JBoss
11 2 (0.42%) ejabberd
12 1 (0.21%) MS Exchange
12 1 (0.21%) Oracle Service Bus
12 1 (0.21%) SharePoint
12 1 (0.21%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 11 (2.32%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (1.90%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (1.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 6 (1.27%) MS Visio
5 5 (1.05%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 9 (1.90%) Summit
2 1 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
2 1 (0.21%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 1 (0.21%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 80 (16.88%) Azure
2 77 (16.24%) AWS
3 37 (7.81%) PaaS
4 34 (7.17%) IaaS
5 21 (4.43%) GCP
6 17 (3.59%) SaaS
7 13 (2.74%) Azure Active Directory
8 8 (1.69%) Amazon ECS
9 6 (1.27%) GitHub
10 5 (1.05%) Serverless
11 4 (0.84%) Amazon EC2
11 4 (0.84%) AWS CloudFormation
11 4 (0.84%) G Suite
11 4 (0.84%) Power Platform
12 3 (0.63%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 3 (0.63%) Amazon SQS
12 3 (0.63%) AWS Lambda
12 3 (0.63%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
13 2 (0.42%) Amazon EKS
13 2 (0.42%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 64 (13.50%) TCP/IP
2 41 (8.65%) DNS
3 35 (7.38%) Firewall
4 30 (6.33%) Internet
5 24 (5.06%) HTTP
6 22 (4.64%) SSL
7 19 (4.01%) DHCP
7 19 (4.01%) SMTP
8 17 (3.59%) SSH
9 16 (3.38%) FTP
10 14 (2.95%) Ethernet
10 14 (2.95%) VPN
11 12 (2.53%) IMAP
12 11 (2.32%) BGP
12 11 (2.32%) SNMP
13 9 (1.90%) LAN
13 9 (1.90%) OSPF
13 9 (1.90%) SAN
14 6 (1.27%) RFID
14 6 (1.27%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 39 (8.23%) SQL Server
2 31 (6.54%) Big Data
3 30 (6.33%) MySQL
3 30 (6.33%) PostgreSQL
4 27 (5.70%) MongoDB
5 24 (5.06%) Relational Database
6 17 (3.59%) Hadoop
7 16 (3.38%) DB2
7 16 (3.38%) NoSQL
8 15 (3.16%) Data Mining
9 10 (2.11%) Data Warehouse
9 10 (2.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 10 (2.11%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 9 (1.90%) CouchDB
10 9 (1.90%) Redis
11 8 (1.69%) QlikView
11 8 (1.69%) Tableau
12 7 (1.48%) Apache Accumulo
12 7 (1.48%) Apache Cassandra
12 7 (1.48%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 103 (21.73%) Jenkins
2 77 (16.24%) Git (software)
3 58 (12.24%) JIRA
4 25 (5.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 24 (5.06%) GitLab
5 24 (5.06%) Subversion
6 22 (4.64%) Selenium
7 20 (4.22%) Bitbucket
8 17 (3.59%) Artifactory
9 14 (2.95%) Maven
10 12 (2.53%) Gerrit
10 12 (2.53%) TeamCity
11 10 (2.11%) Ant
12 8 (1.69%) NUnit
12 8 (1.69%) SonarQube
12 8 (1.69%) TestNG
12 8 (1.69%) WebDriver
13 7 (1.48%) Team Foundation Server
14 5 (1.05%) JMeter
14 5 (1.05%) Zephyr
General
1 85 (17.93%) Finance
2 39 (8.23%) Banking
3 25 (5.27%) Front Office
3 25 (5.27%) Legal
4 24 (5.06%) Retail
5 17 (3.59%) Publishing
6 15 (3.16%) Games
7 11 (2.32%) Law
8 7 (1.48%) Financial Institution
8 7 (1.48%) Telecoms
9 6 (1.27%) Aerospace
9 6 (1.27%) Back Office
10 5 (1.05%) Investment Banking
11 4 (0.84%) Automotive
11 4 (0.84%) Billing
11 4 (0.84%) Public Sector
12 3 (0.63%) Advertising
13 2 (0.42%) Electronics
13 2 (0.42%) Police
14 1 (0.21%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 79 (16.67%) Developer
2 66 (13.92%) DevOps Engineer
3 51 (10.76%) Linux Engineer
4 48 (10.13%) Platform Engineer
5 29 (6.12%) AWS Engineer
6 27 (5.70%) Cloud Engineer
6 27 (5.70%) Systems Engineer
7 22 (4.64%) Analyst
7 22 (4.64%) Azure Engineer
7 22 (4.64%) Consultant
8 21 (4.43%) Administrator
8 21 (4.43%) Applications Support
8 21 (4.43%) Security Engineer
9 20 (4.22%) AWS DevOps
9 20 (4.22%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 19 (4.01%) Software Developer
11 18 (3.80%) Systems Administrator
12 17 (3.59%) Java Developer
12 17 (3.59%) Test Engineer
12 17 (3.59%) Unix Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 35 (7.38%) React
2 34 (7.17%) .NET
3 32 (6.75%) Web Services
4 29 (6.12%) XML
5 28 (5.91%) AngularJS
5 28 (5.91%) Node.js
6 23 (4.85%) HTML
6 23 (4.85%) LDAP
7 20 (4.22%) .NET Framework
8 17 (3.59%) Elastic Stack
9 16 (3.38%) Java EE
10 15 (3.16%) GraphQL
10 15 (3.16%) JSON
10 15 (3.16%) Kafka
10 15 (3.16%) Middleware
11 14 (2.95%) .NET Core
11 14 (2.95%) Next.js
11 14 (2.95%) YAML
12 13 (2.74%) CSS
12 13 (2.74%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 71 (14.98%) Analytical Skills
2 50 (10.55%) Management Information System
3 23 (4.85%) PKI
4 21 (4.43%) SWIFT
5 17 (3.59%) Public Cloud
6 16 (3.38%) Data Centre
6 16 (3.38%) Linux Command Line
7 15 (3.16%) Security Operations Centre
8 14 (2.95%) Virtual Team
9 12 (2.53%) Self-Motivation
10 11 (2.32%) Enterprise Software
11 10 (2.11%) Cloud Native
12 9 (1.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 9 (1.90%) Hedge funds
13 8 (1.69%) Algorithms
13 8 (1.69%) Derivative
13 8 (1.69%) Replication
13 8 (1.69%) Verilog
14 7 (1.48%) Clustering
15 6 (1.27%) VLSI
Operating Systems
1 264 (55.70%) Linux
2 147 (31.01%) Unix
3 133 (28.06%) Windows
4 47 (9.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 46 (9.70%) CentOS
6 26 (5.49%) Debian
6 26 (5.49%) Windows Server
7 25 (5.27%) Solaris
8 22 (4.64%) Ubuntu
9 12 (2.53%) Windows Server 2012
10 10 (2.11%) Windows Server 2016
11 6 (1.27%) VMS
12 5 (1.05%) AIX
12 5 (1.05%) Windows 10
12 5 (1.05%) Windows 7
13 4 (0.84%) Fedora
13 4 (0.84%) Windows Server 2008
14 3 (0.63%) Data ONTAP
14 3 (0.63%) Mac OS
14 3 (0.63%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 152 (32.07%) DevOps
2 105 (22.15%) Problem-Solving
3 95 (20.04%) Agile Software Development
4 67 (14.14%) Configuration Management
5 61 (12.87%) Analytics
6 56 (11.81%) Cybersecurity
7 50 (10.55%) Computer Science
8 48 (10.13%) Software Engineering
9 46 (9.70%) Open Source
10 44 (9.28%) Site Reliability Engineering
11 42 (8.86%) Security Operations
12 40 (8.44%) Information Security
13 38 (8.02%) Test Automation
14 37 (7.81%) Infrastructure as Code
14 37 (7.81%) Scrum
15 34 (7.17%) Continuous Integration
16 29 (6.12%) Capacity Planning
16 29 (6.12%) Change Management
16 29 (6.12%) Secure Coding
17 27 (5.70%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 402 (84.81%) Python
2 174 (36.71%) Java
3 164 (34.60%) Bash Shell
4 125 (26.37%) SQL
5 95 (20.04%) PowerShell
6 93 (19.62%) Ruby
7 84 (17.72%) C++
8 83 (17.51%) Shell Script
9 75 (15.82%) C#
10 61 (12.87%) JavaScript
11 52 (10.97%) Go
12 43 (9.07%) C
13 34 (7.17%) PHP
14 29 (6.12%) PL/SQL
15 15 (3.16%) TypeScript
16 13 (2.74%) Groovy
17 10 (2.11%) VB
18 9 (1.90%) AWK
18 9 (1.90%) VB.NET
19 8 (1.69%) sed
Qualifications
1 76 (16.03%) Degree
2 39 (8.23%) Security Cleared
3 24 (5.06%) SC Cleared
4 18 (3.80%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (1.27%) DV Cleared
5 6 (1.27%) ISTQB
5 6 (1.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 6 (1.27%) Master's Degree
6 5 (1.05%) AWS Certification
6 5 (1.05%) DBS Check
6 5 (1.05%) GCIH
6 5 (1.05%) GIAC
7 4 (0.84%) GCFA
7 4 (0.84%) GCFE
7 4 (0.84%) GREM
7 4 (0.84%) Numerate Degree
7 4 (0.84%) RHCE
8 3 (0.63%) RHCSA
9 2 (0.42%) GPEN
9 2 (0.42%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (3.16%) QA
2 13 (2.74%) GDPR
3 12 (2.53%) PMO
4 7 (1.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 7 (1.48%) NIST
5 5 (1.05%) SLA
6 4 (0.84%) ISO 26262
7 3 (0.63%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.42%) COBIT
9 1 (0.21%) DO-254
9 1 (0.21%) EMIR
9 1 (0.21%) IEC 61508
9 1 (0.21%) MiFID
System Software
1 62 (13.08%) Docker
2 52 (10.97%) VMware Infrastructure
3 50 (10.55%) Active Directory
4 22 (4.64%) KVM
5 19 (4.01%) Firmware
6 14 (2.95%) Xen
7 13 (2.74%) BitLocker
8 12 (2.53%) Hyper-V
9 10 (2.11%) RHEV
9 10 (2.11%) Samba
10 7 (1.48%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 7 (1.48%) VMware ESXi
11 6 (1.27%) NFS
12 5 (1.05%) Btrfs
12 5 (1.05%) Ceph
12 5 (1.05%) DRBD
12 5 (1.05%) Postfix
13 4 (0.84%) Oracle RAC
14 3 (0.63%) Sendmail
14 3 (0.63%) Veritas Volume Manager
Systems Management
1 124 (26.16%) Ansible
2 83 (17.51%) Puppet
3 53 (11.18%) Terraform
4 51 (10.76%) Kubernetes
5 38 (8.02%) Opscode Chef
6 27 (5.70%) SCCM
7 17 (3.59%) Norton AntiVirus
8 16 (3.38%) CFEngine
9 12 (2.53%) Nagios
10 11 (2.32%) SCOM
11 9 (1.90%) ITRS Geneos
12 8 (1.69%) Grafana
13 6 (1.27%) Check_MK
13 6 (1.27%) HAProxy
13 6 (1.27%) SCOrch
14 5 (1.05%) Consul
14 5 (1.05%) CSIRT
14 5 (1.05%) HP Quality Center
14 5 (1.05%) Oracle ZFS
14 5 (1.05%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 76 (16.03%) Oracle
2 61 (12.87%) Microsoft
3 59 (12.45%) VMware
4 42 (8.86%) Red Hat
5 36 (7.59%) IBM
6 26 (5.49%) Google
7 25 (5.27%) ServiceNow
8 19 (4.01%) Symantec
9 18 (3.80%) Atlassian
10 17 (3.59%) FireEye
10 17 (3.59%) McAfee
10 17 (3.59%) Tanium
10 17 (3.59%) TOWER Software
11 16 (3.38%) Cisco
12 11 (2.32%) TIBCO
13 9 (1.90%) Splunk
14 8 (1.69%) CrowdStrike
14 8 (1.69%) Sybase
15 6 (1.27%) Apple
15 6 (1.27%) HP