Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Perl
UK > England
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 455 345 266
Rank change year-on-year -110 -79 -38
Permanent jobs citing Perl 632 536 1,729
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.63% 0.84% 1.30%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.14% 1.50% 2.41%
Number of salaries quoted 429 418 1,133
10th Percentile £41,250 £36,250 £36,250
25th Percentile £50,000 £43,750 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £60,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% - +14.29%
75th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £96,625 £88,750
UK median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £58,100
% change year-on-year +8.70% -1.03% +10.67%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 55,577 35,767 71,720
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.61% 56.31% 53.89%
Number of salaries quoted 38,489 30,084 59,800
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,000 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £86,250
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in England

Perl
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Perl in England.

Salary trend for Perl in England

Perl
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Perl in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Perl in England

Perl
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the England region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -37 385 £72,500 +3.57% 71
South East -93 86 £52,250 +4.50% 23
Midlands -88 50 £60,000 +20.00% 18
North of England -64 43 £57,500 +0.12% 24
South West -72 43 £52,500 +10.53% 13
West Midlands -62 37 £60,000 +9.09% 16
North West -48 31 £57,500 -6.07% 17
East of England -58 29 £45,000 -10.00% 18
East Midlands -51 15 £61,250 +44.12% 2
Yorkshire -77 9 £57,500 +1.77% 5
North East - 5 £62,500 - 2
Perl
UK

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Perl.

1 508 (80.38%) Python
2 382 (60.44%) Linux
3 249 (39.40%) Bash Shell
4 203 (32.12%) Java
5 187 (29.59%) Unix
6 183 (28.96%) SQL
7 175 (27.69%) AWS
8 170 (26.90%) DevOps
9 161 (25.47%) Agile Software Development
10 154 (24.37%) Windows
10 154 (24.37%) Finance
11 151 (23.89%) Social Skills
12 148 (23.42%) Docker
13 140 (22.15%) MySQL
14 137 (21.68%) Ansible
15 130 (20.57%) Kubernetes
16 124 (19.62%) Oracle
16 124 (19.62%) JavaScript
17 121 (19.15%) Azure
18 114 (18.04%) Puppet
19 102 (16.14%) Terraform
20 100 (15.82%) Jenkins
20 100 (15.82%) Ruby
21 94 (14.87%) PowerShell
22 93 (14.72%) Web Services
22 93 (14.72%) Configuration Management
23 92 (14.56%) Shell Script
24 91 (14.40%) PHP
25 90 (14.24%) Degree
26 88 (13.92%) Git (software)

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (8.70%) Apache
2 44 (6.96%) Elasticsearch
3 33 (5.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 31 (4.91%) Tomcat
5 28 (4.43%) IIS
6 24 (3.80%) nginx
7 21 (3.32%) SharePoint
8 20 (3.16%) Confluence
9 15 (2.37%) WebLogic
10 13 (2.06%) Apache Spark
11 11 (1.74%) ejabberd
12 10 (1.58%) JBoss
13 9 (1.42%) OpenStack
14 6 (0.95%) Drupal
14 6 (0.95%) Jupyter
14 6 (0.95%) OpenEdge
15 5 (0.79%) MTS
15 5 (0.79%) Oracle HTTP Server
16 2 (0.32%) CMS
16 2 (0.32%) SAS
Applications
1 10 (1.58%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.95%) Gephi
3 4 (0.63%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 4 (0.63%) Adobe Illustrator
3 4 (0.63%) Fireworks
3 4 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.63%) Photoshop
3 4 (0.63%) Sketch
4 3 (0.47%) SPSS
5 2 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 7 (1.11%) Remedy ITSM
2 5 (0.79%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 4 (0.63%) Summit
4 2 (0.32%) FastStats
4 2 (0.32%) FastStats PeopleStage
4 2 (0.32%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.16%) Minerva
5 1 (0.16%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.16%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 175 (27.69%) AWS
2 121 (19.15%) Azure
3 79 (12.50%) PaaS
4 75 (11.87%) IaaS
5 68 (10.76%) SaaS
6 57 (9.02%) GCP
7 42 (6.65%) AWS CloudFormation
8 34 (5.38%) GitHub
9 19 (3.01%) Microsoft 365
10 15 (2.37%) Amazon EC2
11 12 (1.90%) Amazon EKS
11 12 (1.90%) Azure Active Directory
11 12 (1.90%) OpenShift
12 11 (1.74%) AWS CodePipeline
12 11 (1.74%) Azure Pipelines
13 10 (1.58%) AWS CodeCommit
13 10 (1.58%) OneDrive
13 10 (1.58%) Power Platform
14 9 (1.42%) WhatsApp
15 8 (1.27%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 81 (12.82%) Firewall
2 66 (10.44%) DNS
3 51 (8.07%) HTTP
4 48 (7.59%) TCP/IP
5 43 (6.80%) Internet
6 34 (5.38%) VPN
7 31 (4.91%) LAN
8 22 (3.48%) BGP
8 22 (3.48%) SNMP
9 21 (3.32%) SSL
10 18 (2.85%) DHCP
10 18 (2.85%) SMTP
10 18 (2.85%) WAN
11 15 (2.37%) Diameter Protocol
12 12 (1.90%) Asterisk PBX
12 12 (1.90%) FIX Connectivity
12 12 (1.90%) PBX
12 12 (1.90%) SSH
13 11 (1.74%) Ethernet
13 11 (1.74%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 140 (22.15%) MySQL
2 87 (13.77%) PostgreSQL
3 83 (13.13%) SQL Server
4 49 (7.75%) NoSQL
5 44 (6.96%) MongoDB
6 40 (6.33%) Relational Database
7 32 (5.06%) Big Data
8 26 (4.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 26 (4.11%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 23 (3.64%) Data Warehouse
9 23 (3.64%) Oracle Database
10 19 (3.01%) Apache Cassandra
11 17 (2.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 17 (2.69%) Hadoop
12 13 (2.06%) RDBMS
13 12 (1.90%) MariaDB
13 12 (1.90%) Oracle Exadata
14 10 (1.58%) Apache Hive
14 10 (1.58%) Power BI
14 10 (1.58%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 100 (15.82%) Jenkins
2 88 (13.92%) Git (software)
3 64 (10.13%) JIRA
4 54 (8.54%) GitLab
5 32 (5.06%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 23 (3.64%) CircleCI
7 21 (3.32%) Vagrant
8 14 (2.22%) Bitbucket
8 14 (2.22%) Selenium
9 13 (2.06%) Subversion
10 10 (1.58%) Visual Studio
11 9 (1.42%) Cucumber
11 9 (1.42%) JMeter
12 8 (1.27%) git-flow
13 6 (0.95%) Bitbucket Server
14 5 (0.79%) Browser DevTools
14 5 (0.79%) Gradle
14 5 (0.79%) JUnit
14 5 (0.79%) Maven
14 5 (0.79%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 154 (24.37%) Finance
2 151 (23.89%) Social Skills
3 79 (12.50%) Analytical Skills
4 67 (10.60%) Banking
5 44 (6.96%) Front Office
6 35 (5.54%) Games
7 31 (4.91%) Investment Banking
8 27 (4.27%) Law
9 21 (3.32%) Back Office
9 21 (3.32%) Telecoms
10 19 (3.01%) Legal
11 18 (2.85%) Public Sector
12 17 (2.69%) Organisational Skills
12 17 (2.69%) Retail
13 15 (2.37%) Electronics
14 12 (1.90%) Marketing
15 11 (1.74%) Documentation Skills
16 10 (1.58%) Advertising
17 8 (1.27%) Automotive
17 8 (1.27%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 92 (14.56%) Developer
2 79 (12.50%) DevOps Engineer
3 63 (9.97%) Applications Support
4 49 (7.75%) Analyst
5 41 (6.49%) Cloud Engineer
5 41 (6.49%) Software Engineer
6 36 (5.70%) AWS Engineer
7 35 (5.54%) Administrator
7 35 (5.54%) Platform Engineer
8 33 (5.22%) Support Analyst
9 32 (5.06%) Support Engineer
10 30 (4.75%) AWS DevOps
10 30 (4.75%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 28 (4.43%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 26 (4.11%) Applications Support Analyst
12 26 (4.11%) Java Developer
12 26 (4.11%) Systems Engineer
13 25 (3.96%) Consultant
13 25 (3.96%) Linux Administrator
14 23 (3.64%) Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 93 (14.72%) Web Services
2 50 (7.91%) REST
3 48 (7.59%) .NET
4 46 (7.28%) GraphQL
4 46 (7.28%) HTML
5 45 (7.12%) LAMP
6 42 (6.65%) FIX Protocol
7 40 (6.33%) Node.js
8 35 (5.54%) XML
9 34 (5.38%) React
10 32 (5.06%) Elastic Stack
11 31 (4.91%) AngularJS
12 24 (3.80%) .NET Core
13 23 (3.64%) SOAP
14 22 (3.48%) JSON
14 22 (3.48%) LAPP Stack
15 21 (3.32%) CSS
16 20 (3.16%) Django
17 17 (2.69%) Middleware
18 15 (2.37%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 57 (9.02%) Public Cloud
2 56 (8.86%) Data Centre
3 32 (5.06%) Enterprise Software
3 32 (5.06%) Linux Command Line
4 31 (4.91%) Equities
5 24 (3.80%) Virtual Team
6 23 (3.64%) Derivative
7 22 (3.48%) Clustering
8 20 (3.16%) Greenfield Project
9 19 (3.01%) Management Information System
10 18 (2.85%) Algorithms
10 18 (2.85%) PKI
11 14 (2.22%) Private Cloud
12 13 (2.06%) Data Structures
12 13 (2.06%) Fixed Income
13 11 (1.74%) Eurex
14 10 (1.58%) Self-Motivation
15 9 (1.42%) Replication
16 8 (1.27%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
16 8 (1.27%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 382 (60.44%) Linux
2 187 (29.59%) Unix
3 154 (24.37%) Windows
4 52 (8.23%) CentOS
4 52 (8.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 33 (5.22%) Solaris
6 31 (4.91%) Windows Server
7 25 (3.96%) Ubuntu
8 20 (3.16%) Debian
9 7 (1.11%) SUSE
9 7 (1.11%) VMS
9 7 (1.11%) Windows Server 2016
10 5 (0.79%) Check Point GAiA
10 5 (0.79%) FreeBSD
10 5 (0.79%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
10 5 (0.79%) Windows 10
10 5 (0.79%) Windows 7
10 5 (0.79%) Windows Server 2008
11 4 (0.63%) AIX
12 3 (0.47%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 170 (26.90%) DevOps
2 161 (25.47%) Agile Software Development
3 93 (14.72%) Configuration Management
4 85 (13.45%) Software Engineering
5 83 (13.13%) Infrastructure as Code
6 78 (12.34%) Continuous Integration
7 70 (11.08%) Problem-Solving
8 56 (8.86%) Computer Science
9 55 (8.70%) High Availability
9 55 (8.70%) Microservices
10 51 (8.07%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 49 (7.75%) Scrum
12 48 (7.59%) Load Balancing
13 45 (7.12%) ITIL
14 41 (6.49%) Open Source
15 38 (6.01%) SOA
16 37 (5.85%) Analytics
17 36 (5.70%) SIEM
18 35 (5.54%) Test Automation
19 34 (5.38%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 508 (80.38%) Python
2 249 (39.40%) Bash Shell
3 203 (32.12%) Java
4 183 (28.96%) SQL
5 124 (19.62%) JavaScript
6 100 (15.82%) Ruby
7 94 (14.87%) PowerShell
8 92 (14.56%) Shell Script
9 91 (14.40%) PHP
10 75 (11.87%) C
11 72 (11.39%) C++
12 68 (10.76%) C#
12 68 (10.76%) Go
13 20 (3.16%) Korn
14 16 (2.53%) TypeScript
14 16 (2.53%) VBA
15 15 (2.37%) Groovy
15 15 (2.37%) Scala
15 15 (2.37%) VB
15 15 (2.37%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 90 (14.24%) Degree
2 69 (10.92%) Security Cleared
3 54 (8.54%) SC Cleared
4 28 (4.43%) Computer Science Degree
5 18 (2.85%) Cisco Certification
6 13 (2.06%) Microsoft Certification
7 12 (1.90%) CCNA
7 12 (1.90%) Master's Degree
8 10 (1.58%) DV Cleared
9 7 (1.11%) SANS
10 6 (0.95%) CEH
10 6 (0.95%) CISSP
10 6 (0.95%) CompTIA Security+
10 6 (0.95%) DBS Check
10 6 (0.95%) GIAC
10 6 (0.95%) Linux+ Certification
10 6 (0.95%) MCSA
10 6 (0.95%) MCSE
10 6 (0.95%) Network+ Certification
10 6 (0.95%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (3.48%) MiFID
1 22 (3.48%) QA
2 11 (1.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 7 (1.11%) PCI DSS
4 6 (0.95%) SLA
5 5 (0.79%) GDPR
6 4 (0.63%) Accessibility
6 4 (0.63%) HIPAA
6 4 (0.63%) WAI
6 4 (0.63%) WCAG
7 3 (0.47%) ISO 26262
8 2 (0.32%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.32%) NIST
8 2 (0.32%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.16%) GRC
9 1 (0.16%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.16%) NCSC
System Software
1 148 (23.42%) Docker
2 39 (6.17%) VMware Infrastructure
3 33 (5.22%) Active Directory
4 30 (4.75%) KVM
5 23 (3.64%) iptables
6 17 (2.69%) Postfix
7 13 (2.06%) QEMU
8 12 (1.90%) Oracle RAC
9 11 (1.74%) Kamailio
10 8 (1.27%) NFS
11 7 (1.11%) HDFS
11 7 (1.11%) Virtual Machines
12 6 (0.95%) Apache Flume
12 6 (0.95%) LXC
12 6 (0.95%) Samba
13 5 (0.79%) Firmware
14 4 (0.63%) vSphere
14 4 (0.63%) Xen
15 3 (0.47%) Hyper-V
15 3 (0.47%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 137 (21.68%) Ansible
2 130 (20.57%) Kubernetes
3 114 (18.04%) Puppet
4 102 (16.14%) Terraform
5 79 (12.50%) Opscode Chef
6 42 (6.65%) CFEngine
7 24 (3.80%) SCCM
8 21 (3.32%) Nagios
9 19 (3.01%) ZABBIX
10 15 (2.37%) Demisto
11 14 (2.22%) Galera Cluster
11 14 (2.22%) HAProxy
12 13 (2.06%) Grafana
12 13 (2.06%) Oracle RMAN
13 9 (1.42%) Icinga
13 9 (1.42%) Red Hat Satellite
14 8 (1.27%) Kibana
14 8 (1.27%) Prometheus
14 8 (1.27%) Rundeck
14 8 (1.27%) SCOM
Vendors
1 124 (19.62%) Oracle
2 71 (11.23%) Microsoft
3 61 (9.65%) Red Hat
4 47 (7.44%) Splunk
4 47 (7.44%) VMware
5 43 (6.80%) Cisco
6 38 (6.01%) Google
7 28 (4.43%) ServiceNow
8 27 (4.27%) HP
9 24 (3.80%) IBM
10 23 (3.64%) Juniper
11 17 (2.69%) Percona
12 15 (2.37%) ArcSight
12 15 (2.37%) Bloomberg
12 15 (2.37%) Sybase
13 14 (2.22%) SAP
14 13 (2.06%) GENBAND
14 13 (2.06%) Mitel
14 13 (2.06%) SonicWALL
15 11 (1.74%) Trayport