Period
to 28 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 28 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

C
UK > England
6 months to
28 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 130 124 88
Rank change year-on-year -6 -36 +9
Permanent jobs citing C 2,929 1,164 4,360
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.70% 2.63% 3.38%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.96% 4.45% 6.33%
Number of salaries quoted 1,578 995 3,220
10th Percentile £34,990 £35,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £57,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +15.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £77,500 £65,000
90th Percentile £88,750 £109,500 £77,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 59,071 26,147 68,879
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 54.53% 59.15% 53.46%
Number of salaries quoted 39,984 22,413 57,255
10th Percentile £35,750 £35,000 £31,250
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +9.52% +5.00%
75th Percentile £78,750 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £87,500
UK median annual salary £58,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +5.45% +4.76% +5.00%

C
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing C as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for C in England

C
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing C in England.

Salary trend for C in England

C
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing C in England over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Salary histogram for C in England

C
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing C within the England region over the 6 months to 28 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 1,045 £65,000 -15.86% 195
South East -22 565 £55,000 +0.96% 174
North of England -7 369 £55,000 +4.76% 226
South West -24 345 £52,500 +5.00% 99
Midlands +20 273 £50,000 +5.26% 112
East of England +20 267 £50,000 -13.04% 141
North West -9 196 £50,500 +3.59% 117
West Midlands +7 182 £48,750 +8.33% 57
Yorkshire -23 149 £60,250 +11.06% 80
East Midlands -6 91 £50,000 - 54
North East -13 24 £57,500 +33.72% 29
C
UK

For the 6 months to 28 September 2021, IT jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for C.

1 1,254 (42.81%) C++
2 978 (33.39%) Software Engineering
3 968 (33.05%) Agile Software Development
4 926 (31.61%) Social Skills
5 888 (30.32%) Python
6 789 (26.94%) Degree
7 706 (24.10%) Linux
8 614 (20.96%) Java
9 563 (19.22%) Computer Science
10 551 (18.81%) Problem-Solving
11 520 (17.75%) Finance
12 451 (15.40%) C#
13 427 (14.58%) SQL
14 405 (13.83%) DevOps
15 390 (13.32%) JavaScript
16 363 (12.39%) AWS
17 353 (12.05%) Mathematics
18 336 (11.47%) Analytical Skills
19 324 (11.06%) TDD
20 315 (10.75%) Continuous Integration
21 301 (10.28%) Azure
22 295 (10.07%) Algorithms
23 278 (9.49%) Test Automation
24 277 (9.46%) Analytics
25 268 (9.15%) Self-Motivation
26 259 (8.84%) Mentoring
27 252 (8.60%) Docker
28 247 (8.43%) Security Cleared
29 246 (8.40%) Scrum
30 234 (7.99%) OO

C
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 101 (3.45%) Confluence
2 38 (1.30%) SharePoint
3 34 (1.16%) Apache Spark
4 26 (0.89%) Apache
5 24 (0.82%) SAS
5 24 (0.82%) Tomcat
6 22 (0.75%) IIS
7 20 (0.68%) Elasticsearch
8 16 (0.55%) WebSphere
9 14 (0.48%) Tornado
10 12 (0.41%) MS Exchange
11 11 (0.38%) nginx
11 11 (0.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 11 (0.38%) WebLogic
12 9 (0.31%) JBoss
13 8 (0.27%) Oracle HTTP Server
14 7 (0.24%) CICS
14 7 (0.24%) CMS
14 7 (0.24%) OpenStack
15 6 (0.20%) OpenROAD
Applications
1 89 (3.04%) Microsoft Office
2 87 (2.97%) Simulink
3 81 (2.77%) Microsoft Excel
4 34 (1.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 9 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
6 8 (0.27%) AutoCAD
7 6 (0.20%) Figma
7 6 (0.20%) MS Visio
8 4 (0.14%) Chatbot
8 4 (0.14%) Photoshop
9 3 (0.10%) EngageOne
10 2 (0.068%) OrCAD
10 2 (0.068%) Spreadsheet
11 1 (0.034%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.034%) GIMP
11 1 (0.034%) InDesign
11 1 (0.034%) Inkscape
11 1 (0.034%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 20 (0.68%) Dynamics NAV
2 18 (0.61%) SAP S/4HANA
3 10 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
4 8 (0.27%) Adobe Campaign
4 8 (0.27%) SAP SD
5 6 (0.20%) NetSuite
6 5 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
6 5 (0.17%) SAP CRM
7 4 (0.14%) Dynamics GP
7 4 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
7 4 (0.14%) SAP MDG
8 3 (0.10%) Dynamics AX
8 3 (0.10%) Oracle ERP
8 3 (0.10%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 3 (0.10%) SAP FI
8 3 (0.10%) SAP R/3
8 3 (0.10%) Sentinel
8 3 (0.10%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 2 (0.068%) Oracle Payroll
9 2 (0.068%) Primavera
Cloud Services
1 363 (12.39%) AWS
2 301 (10.28%) Azure
3 186 (6.35%) GCP
4 106 (3.62%) SaaS
5 79 (2.70%) GitHub
6 71 (2.42%) Serverless
7 53 (1.81%) Cloud Computing
8 51 (1.74%) Microsoft 365
8 51 (1.74%) OpenShift
9 40 (1.37%) PaaS
10 30 (1.02%) IaaS
11 25 (0.85%) Power Platform
12 18 (0.61%) Dynamics 365
13 17 (0.58%) Slack
14 16 (0.55%) AWS Lambda
15 15 (0.51%) Amazon S3
16 14 (0.48%) Amazon EKS
16 14 (0.48%) AWS CloudFormation
17 13 (0.44%) Heroku
17 13 (0.44%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 199 (6.79%) TCP/IP
2 145 (4.95%) Ethernet
3 142 (4.85%) HTTP
4 131 (4.47%) Broadband
5 126 (4.30%) Wireless
6 122 (4.17%) Wi-Fi
7 79 (2.70%) Firewall
8 67 (2.29%) Internet
9 66 (2.25%) Modbus
10 64 (2.19%) MQTT
11 63 (2.15%) DVB
12 59 (2.01%) Bluetooth
13 55 (1.88%) RS-422
14 54 (1.84%) Wireshark
15 40 (1.37%) RS-485
16 39 (1.33%) HTTPS
17 35 (1.19%) 802.11
17 35 (1.19%) MIMO
18 31 (1.06%) DNS
18 31 (1.06%) STUN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 213 (7.27%) PostgreSQL
2 114 (3.89%) NoSQL
3 104 (3.55%) Relational Database
4 94 (3.21%) SQL Server
5 86 (2.94%) MySQL
6 84 (2.87%) Big Data
7 51 (1.74%) MongoDB
8 45 (1.54%) Redis
9 35 (1.19%) Tableau
10 34 (1.16%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 29 (0.99%) RDBMS
12 27 (0.92%) Data Lake
12 27 (0.92%) Oracle Database
13 25 (0.85%) Data Warehouse
14 22 (0.75%) Data Mining
14 22 (0.75%) Power BI
15 20 (0.68%) Hadoop
16 18 (0.61%) SQLite
17 17 (0.58%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 17 (0.58%) SAP HANA
Development Applications
1 212 (7.24%) Git (software)
2 203 (6.93%) Jenkins
3 167 (5.70%) JIRA
4 118 (4.03%) GitLab
5 67 (2.29%) Subversion
6 48 (1.64%) Eclipse
7 43 (1.47%) Selenium
8 41 (1.40%) GCC
9 39 (1.33%) Rational DOORS
10 38 (1.30%) Rational Rhapsody
11 37 (1.26%) TeamCity
12 35 (1.19%) Octopus Deploy
13 32 (1.09%) Visual Studio
14 31 (1.06%) Cucumber
15 29 (0.99%) JMeter
16 28 (0.96%) GNU Toolchain
17 27 (0.92%) Rational Team Concert
18 21 (0.72%) Maven
19 20 (0.68%) Bitbucket
20 19 (0.65%) Cypress.io
General
1 926 (31.61%) Social Skills
2 520 (17.75%) Finance
3 336 (11.47%) Analytical Skills
4 211 (7.20%) Electronics
5 176 (6.01%) Marketing
6 156 (5.33%) Retail
7 143 (4.88%) Games
8 131 (4.47%) Manufacturing
9 115 (3.93%) Telecoms
10 108 (3.69%) Legal
11 104 (3.55%) Banking
12 100 (3.41%) Law
13 90 (3.07%) Public Sector
14 83 (2.83%) Inclusion and Diversity
15 59 (2.01%) Aerospace
16 54 (1.84%) Automotive
17 53 (1.81%) Influencing Skills
18 50 (1.71%) Organisational Skills
19 49 (1.67%) Presentation Skills
20 43 (1.47%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 669 (22.84%) Software Engineer
2 519 (17.72%) Developer
3 307 (10.48%) Embedded Engineer
4 219 (7.48%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 186 (6.35%) Senior Software Engineer
6 182 (6.21%) Analyst
7 135 (4.61%) Software Developer
8 119 (4.06%) C++ Software Engineer
9 116 (3.96%) Architect
10 110 (3.76%) Consultant
11 101 (3.45%) Senior Developer
12 98 (3.35%) Embedded C++ Engineer
13 93 (3.18%) Linux Engineer
14 88 (3.00%) C Software Engineer
15 81 (2.77%) C/C++ Software Engineer
16 74 (2.53%) Project Manager
17 73 (2.49%) Embedded Linux Engineer
18 72 (2.46%) Embedded C++ Software Engineer
19 71 (2.42%) Embedded C Engineer
19 71 (2.42%) Embedded C/C++ Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 226 (7.72%) .NET
2 209 (7.14%) React
3 197 (6.73%) HTML
4 153 (5.22%) REST
5 139 (4.75%) Node.js
6 124 (4.23%) CSS
7 104 (3.55%) AngularJS
8 94 (3.21%) Middleware
9 91 (3.11%) Spring
10 89 (3.04%) Kafka
11 85 (2.90%) .NET Core
12 73 (2.49%) HTML5
13 69 (2.36%) JSON
13 69 (2.36%) RESTful
14 63 (2.15%) Web Services
15 57 (1.95%) Java EE
15 57 (1.95%) XML
16 53 (1.81%) ASP.NET
17 48 (1.64%) RabbitMQ
18 41 (1.40%) 802.1X
Miscellaneous
1 295 (10.07%) Algorithms
2 268 (9.15%) Self-Motivation
3 142 (4.85%) Management Information System
4 134 (4.57%) Data Structures
5 133 (4.54%) User Experience
6 101 (3.45%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
7 94 (3.21%) Embedded Systems
8 69 (2.36%) Greenfield Project
9 66 (2.25%) Virtual Team
10 64 (2.19%) Device Driver
10 64 (2.19%) Social Media
11 58 (1.98%) Mobile App
12 56 (1.91%) Cyberattack
12 56 (1.91%) Data Centre
13 49 (1.67%) Renewable Energy
14 44 (1.50%) Public Cloud
15 42 (1.43%) VHDL
16 37 (1.26%) Life Science
17 32 (1.09%) Robotics
18 30 (1.02%) STB
Operating Systems
1 706 (24.10%) Linux
2 229 (7.82%) Windows
3 181 (6.18%) Unix
4 117 (3.99%) Android
5 83 (2.83%) Embedded Linux
6 74 (2.53%) Apple iOS
7 56 (1.91%) CentOS
8 46 (1.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 24 (0.82%) Mac OS X
10 17 (0.58%) Debian
11 14 (0.48%) Windows Server
12 13 (0.44%) FreeRTOS
12 13 (0.44%) Windows Server 2008
13 12 (0.41%) Windows 10
13 12 (0.41%) Windows Server 2016
14 10 (0.34%) VxWorks
15 8 (0.27%) AIX
15 8 (0.27%) HPUX
15 8 (0.27%) SUSE
15 8 (0.27%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 978 (33.39%) Software Engineering
2 968 (33.05%) Agile Software Development
3 563 (19.22%) Computer Science
4 551 (18.81%) Problem-Solving
5 405 (13.83%) DevOps
6 353 (12.05%) Mathematics
7 324 (11.06%) TDD
8 315 (10.75%) Continuous Integration
9 278 (9.49%) Test Automation
10 277 (9.46%) Analytics
11 259 (8.84%) Mentoring
12 246 (8.40%) Scrum
13 234 (7.99%) OO
14 233 (7.95%) Software Testing
15 221 (7.55%) Artificial Intelligence
16 219 (7.48%) Microservices
17 202 (6.90%) SDLC
18 197 (6.73%) Project Management
19 177 (6.04%) Machine Learning
20 176 (6.01%) Line Management
Programming Languages
1 1,254 (42.81%) C++
2 888 (30.32%) Python
3 614 (20.96%) Java
4 451 (15.40%) C#
5 427 (14.58%) SQL
6 390 (13.32%) JavaScript
7 173 (5.91%) Embedded C
8 170 (5.80%) Go
9 160 (5.46%) MATLAB
10 134 (4.57%) TypeScript
11 126 (4.30%) Bash Shell
12 114 (3.89%) Embedded C++
13 93 (3.18%) Perl
13 93 (3.18%) Ruby
14 80 (2.73%) R
15 75 (2.56%) PHP
16 73 (2.49%) Shell Script
17 56 (1.91%) Scala
18 49 (1.67%) Assembly Language
18 49 (1.67%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 789 (26.94%) Degree
2 247 (8.43%) Security Cleared
3 201 (6.86%) Computer Science Degree
4 183 (6.25%) SC Cleared
5 85 (2.90%) DV Cleared
6 83 (2.83%) PhD
7 71 (2.42%) Master's Degree
8 56 (1.91%) HND
9 41 (1.40%) HNC
10 27 (0.92%) CISSP
11 21 (0.72%) Cisco Certification
12 18 (0.61%) CISM
13 17 (0.58%) PMI Certification
14 13 (0.44%) CREST Certified
14 13 (0.44%) DBS Check
15 10 (0.34%) CCNP
15 10 (0.34%) CEH
16 9 (0.31%) CCNA
17 8 (0.27%) CISA
17 8 (0.27%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 149 (5.09%) QA
2 106 (3.62%) MISRA
3 46 (1.57%) Def Stans
4 42 (1.43%) MISRA C
5 37 (1.26%) ECSS
6 31 (1.06%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 27 (0.92%) SLA
8 22 (0.75%) GDPR
9 19 (0.65%) PSD2
10 18 (0.61%) ISO 9001
10 18 (0.61%) PMO
11 16 (0.55%) PCI DSS
12 15 (0.51%) Cyber Essentials
13 12 (0.41%) NIST
14 11 (0.38%) Accessibility
14 11 (0.38%) Data Quality
15 10 (0.34%) DO-178B
15 10 (0.34%) IEC 61508
15 10 (0.34%) ISO 26262
16 9 (0.31%) Good Clinical Practice
System Software
1 252 (8.60%) Docker
2 225 (7.68%) Firmware
3 42 (1.43%) Active Directory
4 40 (1.37%) VMware Infrastructure
5 13 (0.44%) Hyper-V
6 7 (0.24%) vSphere
7 6 (0.20%) VirtualBox
8 5 (0.17%) iptables
8 5 (0.17%) NFS
8 5 (0.17%) Snort
8 5 (0.17%) Squid
8 5 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
9 4 (0.14%) Kamailio
9 4 (0.14%) KVM
9 4 (0.14%) Postfix
9 4 (0.14%) QEMU
9 4 (0.14%) Terminal Services
9 4 (0.14%) Virtual Machines
10 2 (0.068%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 2 (0.068%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 190 (6.49%) Kubernetes
2 147 (5.02%) Ansible
3 77 (2.63%) Terraform
4 36 (1.23%) Kibana
5 34 (1.16%) Puppet
6 31 (1.06%) Graylog
7 24 (0.82%) Opscode Chef
8 18 (0.61%) BMC PATROL
8 18 (0.61%) SCCM
9 13 (0.44%) Prometheus
10 12 (0.41%) Bugsnag
10 12 (0.41%) Nagios
11 11 (0.38%) Packer
12 9 (0.31%) HP Quality Center
12 9 (0.31%) Nessus
13 8 (0.27%) Grafana
13 8 (0.27%) vCenter Server
14 7 (0.24%) Consul
15 6 (0.20%) Nexpose
15 6 (0.20%) QRadar
Vendors
1 208 (7.10%) Microsoft
2 177 (6.04%) Oracle
3 131 (4.47%) Google
4 128 (4.37%) Instagram
5 78 (2.66%) Red Hat
6 77 (2.63%) IBM
7 73 (2.49%) SAP
8 61 (2.08%) VMware
9 49 (1.67%) Splunk
10 43 (1.47%) Cisco
11 41 (1.40%) EMC
12 40 (1.37%) Salesforce.com
13 37 (1.26%) Samsung
14 32 (1.09%) Spotify
15 29 (0.99%) YouTube
16 27 (0.92%) HP
17 20 (0.68%) Workday
18 18 (0.61%) Adobe
19 16 (0.55%) Xilinx
20 15 (0.51%) Atlassian