Period
to 22 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 22 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

C
UK > England
6 months to
22 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 86 98 97
Rank change year-on-year +12 -1 -1
Permanent jobs citing C 4,276 4,800 5,454
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 3.42% 3.17% 3.23%
As % of the Programming Languages category 6.35% 5.72% 5.83%
Number of salaries quoted 3,283 3,695 4,371
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £29,250
90th Percentile £77,500 £85,000 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,500
% change year-on-year - +3.09% +2.11%

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 67,314 83,956 93,512
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 53.89% 55.37% 55.35%
Number of salaries quoted 56,054 70,422 77,607
England median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £29,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,700
% change year-on-year +5.00% +0.60% +4.63%

C
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing C as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for C in England

C
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing C in England.

Salary trend for C in England

C
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing C in England over the 6 months to 22 November 2019.

Salary histogram for C in England

C
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing C within the England region over the 6 months to 22 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -6 1,136 £60,000 -7.69% 205
South East +9 1,083 £50,000 - 302
South West +1 862 £50,000 +8.70% 157
East of England +28 439 £50,000 -4.76% 235
North of England +20 422 £45,000 - 199
North West +81 317 £45,000 - 92
Midlands -8 305 £42,500 -5.56% 147
West Midlands -12 196 £47,500 +5.56% 81
East Midlands +1 106 £37,500 -11.76% 66
Yorkshire -40 96 £47,500 +5.56% 81
North East -12 9 £45,000 -5.26% 26
C
UK

For the 6 months to 22 November 2019, IT jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for C.

1 1,744 (40.79%) C++
2 1,499 (35.06%) Software Engineering
3 1,227 (28.70%) Degree
4 1,185 (27.71%) Python
5 1,165 (27.25%) Agile Software Development
6 1,089 (25.47%) Linux
7 901 (21.07%) Java
8 711 (16.63%) Finance
9 666 (15.58%) Problem-Solving
10 630 (14.73%) C#
11 541 (12.65%) SQL
12 537 (12.56%) Windows
13 498 (11.65%) Computer Science
13 498 (11.65%) Analytical Skills
14 465 (10.87%) Security Cleared
15 447 (10.45%) Git (software)
16 441 (10.31%) Scrum
17 435 (10.17%) JavaScript
18 432 (10.10%) DevOps
19 428 (10.01%) Cybersecurity
20 401 (9.38%) Electronics
21 392 (9.17%) Project Management
22 389 (9.10%) Microsoft
23 387 (9.05%) AWS
24 375 (8.77%) Firmware
25 361 (8.44%) Embedded C
26 360 (8.42%) Mathematics
27 343 (8.02%) .NET
28 336 (7.86%) JIRA
29 330 (7.72%) Mentoring

C
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 141 (3.30%) Apache Spark
2 93 (2.17%) Confluence
3 83 (1.94%) Apache
4 68 (1.59%) Elasticsearch
5 60 (1.40%) SharePoint
6 57 (1.33%) OpenStack
7 45 (1.05%) SAS
8 42 (0.98%) IIS
9 40 (0.94%) JBoss
10 31 (0.72%) Tomcat
11 26 (0.61%) nginx
12 23 (0.54%) SharePoint 2013
13 16 (0.37%) MS Exchange
14 14 (0.33%) Apache Airflow
15 12 (0.28%) CMS
15 12 (0.28%) WebSphere
16 11 (0.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 9 (0.21%) Jetty
17 9 (0.21%) WordPress
18 8 (0.19%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 146 (3.41%) Microsoft Office
2 105 (2.46%) Microsoft Excel
3 43 (1.01%) Simulink
4 42 (0.98%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 38 (0.89%) MS Visio
6 32 (0.75%) Spreadsheet
7 23 (0.54%) Microsoft Project
8 13 (0.30%) Stateflow
9 12 (0.28%) Sketch
10 7 (0.16%) Photoshop
11 5 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 5 (0.12%) Doxygen
11 5 (0.12%) InDesign
12 4 (0.094%) AutoCAD
12 4 (0.094%) OrCAD
12 4 (0.094%) ProjectWise
13 3 (0.070%) Adobe Illustrator
13 3 (0.070%) SketchUp
13 3 (0.070%) TargetLink
14 2 (0.047%) EPLAN
Business Applications
1 33 (0.77%) Dynamics NAV
2 30 (0.70%) SAP CRM
3 29 (0.68%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 14 (0.33%) Dynamics AX
5 9 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 7 (0.16%) Magento
6 7 (0.16%) Oracle HRMS
6 7 (0.16%) Primavera
6 7 (0.16%) Teamcenter
7 6 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
7 6 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
7 6 (0.14%) Workday HCM
8 5 (0.12%) NetSuite
8 5 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 5 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
9 4 (0.094%) Maximo
9 4 (0.094%) Oracle ERP
10 3 (0.070%) Payment Gateway
10 3 (0.070%) SAP ERP
10 3 (0.070%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 387 (9.05%) AWS
2 301 (7.04%) Azure
3 135 (3.16%) GCP
4 99 (2.32%) Office 365
5 65 (1.52%) SaaS
6 52 (1.22%) OpenShift
7 51 (1.19%) Power Platform
8 41 (0.96%) Cloud Computing
9 29 (0.68%) AWS CloudFormation
10 27 (0.63%) Dynamics 365
10 27 (0.63%) Serverless
11 26 (0.61%) Amazon S3
11 26 (0.61%) GitHub
12 25 (0.58%) Amazon EC2
12 25 (0.58%) Amazon EKS
13 20 (0.47%) AWS Lambda
14 17 (0.40%) Azure Active Directory
15 16 (0.37%) PaaS
15 16 (0.37%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 15 (0.35%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 218 (5.10%) TCP/IP
2 169 (3.95%) Internet
3 151 (3.53%) Firewall
4 140 (3.27%) Wireless
5 136 (3.18%) DNS
6 72 (1.68%) DHCP
7 62 (1.45%) Ethernet
8 61 (1.43%) Bluetooth
8 61 (1.43%) RS-232
9 59 (1.38%) Network Security
10 53 (1.24%) RS-485
11 46 (1.08%) VPN
12 41 (0.96%) HTTPS
13 40 (0.94%) HTTP
14 37 (0.87%) BGP
15 36 (0.84%) LAN
16 35 (0.82%) Wi-Fi
17 34 (0.80%) DMZ
18 32 (0.75%) LTE
19 31 (0.72%) Software-Defined Radio
Database & Business Intelligence
1 297 (6.95%) Big Data
2 147 (3.44%) SQL Server
3 141 (3.30%) Hadoop
4 112 (2.62%) MySQL
5 106 (2.48%) Relational Database
6 100 (2.34%) PostgreSQL
7 71 (1.66%) Apache Hive
8 67 (1.57%) NoSQL
9 58 (1.36%) MongoDB
10 47 (1.10%) Redis
11 46 (1.08%) Power BI
12 44 (1.03%) Impala
13 37 (0.87%) RDBMS
14 35 (0.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 33 (0.77%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 31 (0.72%) Data Warehouse
17 28 (0.65%) Neo4j
18 27 (0.63%) GIS
19 24 (0.56%) Oracle Database
20 22 (0.51%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 447 (10.45%) Git (software)
2 336 (7.86%) JIRA
3 228 (5.33%) Jenkins
4 133 (3.11%) Bitbucket
5 110 (2.57%) Visual Studio
6 94 (2.20%) git-flow
7 88 (2.06%) Subversion
8 81 (1.89%) Maven
9 77 (1.80%) Bitbucket Server
10 74 (1.73%) Selenium
11 72 (1.68%) JUnit
12 68 (1.59%) Cucumber
13 60 (1.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 44 (1.03%) TeamCity
15 40 (0.94%) Rational DOORS
16 38 (0.89%) Ant
16 38 (0.89%) Eclipse
17 34 (0.80%) Team Foundation Server
18 33 (0.77%) JMeter
19 30 (0.70%) SoapUI
General
1 711 (16.63%) Finance
2 401 (9.38%) Electronics
3 238 (5.57%) Telecoms
4 209 (4.89%) Automotive
5 188 (4.40%) Banking
6 157 (3.67%) Marketing
7 149 (3.48%) Games
8 140 (3.27%) Manufacturing
9 131 (3.06%) Retail
10 128 (2.99%) Aerospace
10 128 (2.99%) Military
11 127 (2.97%) Public Sector
12 73 (1.71%) Legal
13 48 (1.12%) Advertising
14 45 (1.05%) Law
15 26 (0.61%) Local Government
16 25 (0.58%) Financial Institution
16 25 (0.58%) Pharmaceutical
17 24 (0.56%) Avionics
17 24 (0.56%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,021 (23.88%) Software Engineer
2 658 (15.39%) Developer
3 508 (11.88%) Embedded Engineer
4 413 (9.66%) Consultant
5 402 (9.40%) Embedded Software Engineer
6 294 (6.88%) Senior Software Engineer
7 246 (5.75%) Architect
8 236 (5.52%) Analyst
9 232 (5.43%) Software Developer
10 216 (5.05%) C++ Software Engineer
11 164 (3.84%) Systems Engineer
12 144 (3.37%) C Software Engineer
13 121 (2.83%) Firmware Engineer
14 115 (2.69%) Senior Embedded Software Engineer
15 114 (2.67%) C/C++ Software Engineer
15 114 (2.67%) Junior
16 107 (2.50%) Embedded C Engineer
17 101 (2.36%) Senior Developer
18 99 (2.32%) Embedded C Software Engineer
19 96 (2.25%) Embedded C++ Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 343 (8.02%) .NET
2 185 (4.33%) HTML
3 167 (3.91%) CSS
4 166 (3.88%) Node.js
4 166 (3.88%) Web Services
5 162 (3.79%) AngularJS
6 158 (3.70%) Kafka
7 150 (3.51%) Spring
8 133 (3.11%) REST
9 129 (3.02%) React
10 108 (2.53%) ASP.NET
11 95 (2.22%) XML
12 91 (2.13%) Middleware
13 74 (1.73%) JSON
14 70 (1.64%) Java EE
14 70 (1.64%) Vulkan
15 69 (1.61%) RESTful
16 61 (1.43%) Vue.js
17 60 (1.40%) Elastic Stack
18 54 (1.26%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 498 (11.65%) Analytical Skills
2 316 (7.39%) Algorithms
3 261 (6.10%) Embedded Systems
4 255 (5.96%) Management Information System
5 197 (4.61%) Self-Motivation
6 129 (3.02%) User Experience
7 106 (2.48%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
8 104 (2.43%) Smartphone
9 84 (1.96%) Robotics
10 77 (1.80%) Greenfield Project
11 71 (1.66%) Mobile App
12 69 (1.61%) Virtual Team
13 65 (1.52%) Device Driver
14 61 (1.43%) VHDL
15 60 (1.40%) Data Centre
16 54 (1.26%) Public Cloud
17 53 (1.24%) Verilog
18 49 (1.15%) Internet of Things
19 47 (1.10%) Cyber Kill Chain
20 44 (1.03%) Analytical Mindset
Operating Systems
1 1,089 (25.47%) Linux
2 537 (12.56%) Windows
3 258 (6.03%) Unix
4 223 (5.22%) Android
5 114 (2.67%) Apple iOS
6 108 (2.53%) Windows Server
7 79 (1.85%) Embedded Linux
8 73 (1.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 70 (1.64%) CentOS
10 63 (1.47%) Windows 10
11 41 (0.96%) Solaris
12 39 (0.91%) Ubuntu
13 37 (0.87%) FreeRTOS
14 34 (0.80%) Tizen
15 26 (0.61%) AIX
15 26 (0.61%) Windows 7
16 24 (0.56%) VxWorks
17 19 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
18 18 (0.42%) Mac OS
19 14 (0.33%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,499 (35.06%) Software Engineering
2 1,165 (27.25%) Agile Software Development
3 666 (15.58%) Problem-Solving
4 498 (11.65%) Computer Science
5 441 (10.31%) Scrum
6 432 (10.10%) DevOps
7 428 (10.01%) Cybersecurity
8 392 (9.17%) Project Management
9 360 (8.42%) Mathematics
10 330 (7.72%) Mentoring
11 321 (7.51%) SDLC
12 313 (7.32%) Test Automation
13 287 (6.71%) ITIL
14 286 (6.69%) Analytics
15 283 (6.62%) Continuous Integration
16 263 (6.15%) Open Source
17 243 (5.68%) Machine Learning
17 243 (5.68%) OO
18 236 (5.52%) Artificial Intelligence
18 236 (5.52%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 1,744 (40.79%) C++
2 1,185 (27.71%) Python
3 901 (21.07%) Java
4 630 (14.73%) C#
5 541 (12.65%) SQL
6 435 (10.17%) JavaScript
7 361 (8.44%) Embedded C
8 193 (4.51%) Bash Shell
9 184 (4.30%) R
10 160 (3.74%) Perl
11 158 (3.70%) PowerShell
12 149 (3.48%) Go
13 148 (3.46%) MATLAB
14 119 (2.78%) PHP
15 110 (2.57%) Embedded C++
16 108 (2.53%) Scala
17 88 (2.06%) Ruby
18 82 (1.92%) Assembly Language
19 68 (1.59%) Ada
20 64 (1.50%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 1,227 (28.70%) Degree
2 465 (10.87%) Security Cleared
3 302 (7.06%) SC Cleared
4 280 (6.55%) DV Cleared
5 193 (4.51%) Computer Science Degree
6 112 (2.62%) Cisco Certification
7 94 (2.20%) CCNA
8 90 (2.10%) Microsoft Certification
9 86 (2.01%) CISSP
10 70 (1.64%) PhD
11 51 (1.19%) DBS Check
12 45 (1.05%) CompTIA Security+
13 42 (0.98%) PMI Certification
13 42 (0.98%) SANS
14 41 (0.96%) MCSE
15 40 (0.94%) CCNP
15 40 (0.94%) GIAC
15 40 (0.94%) Linux+ Certification
15 40 (0.94%) Network+ Certification
15 40 (0.94%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 135 (3.16%) QA
2 97 (2.27%) SLA
3 57 (1.33%) PMO
4 41 (0.96%) GDPR
5 37 (0.87%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 31 (0.72%) JSP 440
7 30 (0.70%) MISRA
8 29 (0.68%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 22 (0.51%) IEC 61508
9 22 (0.51%) ISO 26262
9 22 (0.51%) JTAG
10 18 (0.42%) Basel II
10 18 (0.42%) NIST
11 17 (0.40%) IFRS
11 17 (0.40%) IFRS 9
11 17 (0.40%) MISRA C
12 15 (0.35%) COBIT
13 14 (0.33%) Def Stans
13 14 (0.33%) HMG Infosec
14 13 (0.30%) IEC 61131
System Software
1 375 (8.77%) Firmware
2 228 (5.33%) Docker
3 146 (3.41%) Active Directory
4 107 (2.50%) VMware Infrastructure
5 43 (1.01%) Apache Flume
6 42 (0.98%) NFS
7 32 (0.75%) VMware ESXi
7 32 (0.75%) vSphere
8 29 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
9 25 (0.58%) Hyper-V
10 14 (0.33%) HDFS
10 14 (0.33%) VirtualBox
11 12 (0.28%) VMware NSX
12 10 (0.23%) BitLocker
12 10 (0.23%) Virtual Desktop
13 9 (0.21%) Samba
13 9 (0.21%) Xen
14 7 (0.16%) Microsoft App-V
15 5 (0.12%) LXC
16 4 (0.094%) etcd
Systems Management
1 136 (3.18%) Kubernetes
2 123 (2.88%) Ansible
3 66 (1.54%) Puppet
4 52 (1.22%) Opscode Chef
5 50 (1.17%) Terraform
6 44 (1.03%) Oozie
7 34 (0.80%) SCCM
8 27 (0.63%) SCOM
9 19 (0.44%) Cisco CUCM
10 18 (0.42%) Nagios
10 18 (0.42%) PowerCLI
10 18 (0.42%) vCenter Server
11 16 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
12 11 (0.26%) Docker Swarm
12 11 (0.26%) Microsoft Intune
12 11 (0.26%) ZABBIX
13 9 (0.21%) HP Quality Center
13 9 (0.21%) OpenNMS
13 9 (0.21%) SELinux
14 8 (0.19%) Norton AntiVirus
Vendors
1 389 (9.10%) Microsoft
2 205 (4.79%) Google
3 172 (4.02%) Oracle
4 151 (3.53%) VMware
5 121 (2.83%) Cisco
6 112 (2.62%) Splunk
7 111 (2.60%) SAP
8 88 (2.06%) Atlassian
9 67 (1.57%) Apple
10 66 (1.54%) Red Hat
11 58 (1.36%) QNX
12 49 (1.15%) Salesforce.com
13 48 (1.12%) ServiceNow
14 45 (1.05%) Citrix
15 44 (1.03%) Juniper
16 42 (0.98%) Adobe
17 41 (0.96%) Tableau
18 36 (0.84%) HP
19 32 (0.75%) Freescale
19 32 (0.75%) NetApp