Period
to 27 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 27 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

C
UK > England
6 months to
27 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 118 86 96
Rank change year-on-year -32 +10 +5
Permanent jobs citing C 1,161 4,390 5,075
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.65% 3.39% 3.27%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.48% 6.33% 5.86%
Number of salaries quoted 1,041 3,309 3,943
Median annual salary £56,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +12.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £35,000 £31,250 £31,050
90th Percentile £105,000 £77,500 £83,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 25,894 69,325 86,584
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 59.11% 53.47% 55.87%
Number of salaries quoted 21,972 57,130 72,479
Median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% +1.01%
10th Percentile £35,000 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £82,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

C
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing C as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for C in England

C
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing C in England.

Salary trend for C in England

C
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing C in England over the 6 months to 27 September 2020.

Salary histogram for C in England

C
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing C within the England region over the 6 months to 27 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 380 £75,000 +25.00% 136
South East -8 289 £54,000 +8.00% 148
South West -19 197 £50,000 - 91
North of England +13 151 £50,000 +11.11% 107
North West -33 83 £50,000 +11.11% 53
East of England -15 76 £56,250 +12.50% 71
Yorkshire +95 63 £53,000 +11.58% 36
Midlands -41 56 £47,500 +5.56% 67
West Midlands -36 40 £45,000 -5.26% 55
East Midlands +1 16 £50,000 +33.33% 12
North East +18 5 £43,000 -4.44% 18
C
UK

For the 6 months to 27 September 2020, IT jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for C.

1 512 (44.10%) C++
2 386 (33.25%) Software Engineering
3 374 (32.21%) Python
4 298 (25.67%) Java
4 298 (25.67%) Linux
5 283 (24.38%) Agile Software Development
6 277 (23.86%) Degree
7 247 (21.27%) Finance
8 176 (15.16%) AWS
9 158 (13.61%) Security Cleared
10 155 (13.35%) Computer Science
11 142 (12.23%) Azure
12 139 (11.97%) JavaScript
13 133 (11.46%) Scrum
14 132 (11.37%) SQL
15 131 (11.28%) C#
16 122 (10.51%) Windows
16 122 (10.51%) Problem-Solving
17 115 (9.91%) DV Cleared
18 108 (9.30%) DevOps
19 106 (9.13%) Git (software)
20 102 (8.79%) Microsoft
21 101 (8.70%) Electronics
22 100 (8.61%) Embedded C
23 93 (8.01%) Web Services
24 92 (7.92%) Docker
25 90 (7.75%) Test Automation
26 89 (7.67%) Open Source
27 85 (7.32%) Algorithms
28 84 (7.24%) Project Management

C
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (4.48%) Confluence
2 23 (1.98%) Apache
3 18 (1.55%) Elasticsearch
4 13 (1.12%) Apache Spark
5 9 (0.78%) IIS
5 9 (0.78%) SAS
5 9 (0.78%) SharePoint
6 8 (0.69%) MS Exchange
7 7 (0.60%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 7 (0.60%) WebLogic
8 6 (0.52%) nginx
8 6 (0.52%) Tomcat
9 5 (0.43%) JBoss
9 5 (0.43%) OpenStack
9 5 (0.43%) WebSphere
10 3 (0.26%) Exchange Server 2010
10 3 (0.26%) Skype for Business
11 2 (0.17%) IBM Notes
11 2 (0.17%) SharePoint 2010
11 2 (0.17%) Umbraco
Applications
1 58 (5.00%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (0.86%) MS Visio
3 9 (0.78%) Simulink
4 8 (0.69%) Microsoft Excel
5 5 (0.43%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (0.43%) TargetLink
6 3 (0.26%) Fusion 360
6 3 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.17%) S-PLUS
7 2 (0.17%) Windchill
8 1 (0.086%) 3ds Max
8 1 (0.086%) Abaqus
8 1 (0.086%) Acrobat
8 1 (0.086%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.086%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.086%) InDesign
8 1 (0.086%) LightWave 3D
8 1 (0.086%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.086%) Revit
8 1 (0.086%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 6 (0.52%) Dynamics NAV
2 4 (0.34%) Oracle BPM
3 3 (0.26%) Oracle Applications
3 3 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 3 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
3 3 (0.26%) SAP S/4HANA
3 3 (0.26%) SAP SD
4 2 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.17%) JDE EnterpriseOne
4 2 (0.17%) JDE OneWorld
4 2 (0.17%) Oracle Cash Management
4 2 (0.17%) SAP CRM
4 2 (0.17%) Teamcenter
5 1 (0.086%) Endur
5 1 (0.086%) Magento
5 1 (0.086%) Primavera
5 1 (0.086%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.086%) SAP CO
5 1 (0.086%) SAP FI
5 1 (0.086%) SAP GTS
Cloud Services
1 176 (15.16%) AWS
2 142 (12.23%) Azure
3 82 (7.06%) GCP
4 35 (3.01%) Office 365
5 24 (2.07%) Cloud Computing
5 24 (2.07%) Serverless
6 16 (1.38%) SaaS
7 14 (1.21%) AWS Lambda
7 14 (1.21%) Power Platform
8 10 (0.86%) AWS CloudFormation
8 10 (0.86%) PowerApps
9 9 (0.78%) Azure Data Factory
9 9 (0.78%) GitHub
9 9 (0.78%) IaaS
10 8 (0.69%) Azure Active Directory
11 6 (0.52%) Trello
12 5 (0.43%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
12 5 (0.43%) OneDrive
12 5 (0.43%) PaaS
13 4 (0.34%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 43 (3.70%) Wireless
2 38 (3.27%) TCP/IP
3 36 (3.10%) Internet
4 31 (2.67%) Skype
5 26 (2.24%) Ethernet
6 24 (2.07%) 5G
6 24 (2.07%) Wi-Fi
7 23 (1.98%) Firewall
8 20 (1.72%) Network Security
9 18 (1.55%) 4G
10 16 (1.38%) Bluetooth
11 14 (1.21%) DNS
12 13 (1.12%) RS-232
13 12 (1.03%) RS-485
14 11 (0.95%) DHCP
14 11 (0.95%) H.323
14 11 (0.95%) SSL
15 10 (0.86%) WAN
16 9 (0.78%) 3G
17 8 (0.69%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 61 (5.25%) MySQL
2 48 (4.13%) Big Data
3 36 (3.10%) SQL Server
4 31 (2.67%) NoSQL
5 29 (2.50%) BusinessObjects
6 27 (2.33%) Data Warehouse
7 22 (1.89%) PostgreSQL
8 21 (1.81%) MongoDB
8 21 (1.81%) Relational Database
9 17 (1.46%) KDB
10 15 (1.29%) Hadoop
10 15 (1.29%) Kdb+
11 14 (1.21%) Power BI
12 13 (1.12%) Redis
13 10 (0.86%) Snowflake Schema
14 9 (0.78%) Data Lake
15 8 (0.69%) Apache Cassandra
16 6 (0.52%) Apache Hive
16 6 (0.52%) Data Mining
16 6 (0.52%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 106 (9.13%) Git (software)
2 83 (7.15%) Jenkins
3 75 (6.46%) JIRA
4 29 (2.50%) Visual Studio
5 23 (1.98%) Subversion
6 22 (1.89%) Selenium
7 18 (1.55%) Eclipse
8 15 (1.29%) GitLab
9 13 (1.12%) Maven
10 12 (1.03%) GCC
11 11 (0.95%) JUnit
12 9 (0.78%) Ant
13 7 (0.60%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 7 (0.60%) Bitbucket
13 7 (0.60%) Cucumber
13 7 (0.60%) Mockito
14 6 (0.52%) IDA Disassembler
15 5 (0.43%) Rational DOORS
15 5 (0.43%) Redmine
15 5 (0.43%) WinDbg
General
1 247 (21.27%) Finance
2 101 (8.70%) Electronics
3 71 (6.12%) Telecoms
4 64 (5.51%) Manufacturing
5 42 (3.62%) Banking
5 42 (3.62%) Games
6 31 (2.67%) Marketing
7 26 (2.24%) Automotive
8 24 (2.07%) Aerospace
8 24 (2.07%) Public Sector
9 23 (1.98%) Police
10 19 (1.64%) Retail
11 17 (1.46%) Military
12 16 (1.38%) Law
13 14 (1.21%) Advertising
14 11 (0.95%) Back Office
15 6 (0.52%) Front Office
16 5 (0.43%) German Language
17 4 (0.34%) Norwegian Language
17 4 (0.34%) Polish Language
Job Titles
1 291 (25.06%) Software Engineer
2 190 (16.37%) Developer
3 144 (12.40%) Embedded Engineer
4 132 (11.37%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 86 (7.41%) Senior Software Engineer
6 80 (6.89%) Architect
7 67 (5.77%) C++ Software Engineer
8 41 (3.53%) C Software Engineer
9 37 (3.19%) Python Developer
10 35 (3.01%) C/C++ Software Engineer
10 35 (3.01%) Lead Developer
11 33 (2.84%) Analyst
11 33 (2.84%) Support Engineer
12 31 (2.67%) Consultant
13 30 (2.58%) Senior Developer
13 30 (2.58%) Senior Embedded Software Engineer
13 30 (2.58%) Solutions Architect
14 28 (2.41%) Development Manager
14 28 (2.41%) Embedded C++ Engineer
15 27 (2.33%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 93 (8.01%) Web Services
2 81 (6.98%) .NET
3 68 (5.86%) HTML
4 52 (4.48%) CSS
5 50 (4.31%) React
6 39 (3.36%) Node.js
7 30 (2.58%) REST
7 30 (2.58%) RESTful
8 28 (2.41%) JSON
8 28 (2.41%) Spring
9 24 (2.07%) AngularJS
10 23 (1.98%) Kafka
11 22 (1.89%) XML
12 20 (1.72%) .NET Framework
13 19 (1.64%) Apache NiFi
14 18 (1.55%) jQuery
14 18 (1.55%) WebRTC
15 17 (1.46%) HTML5
15 17 (1.46%) Sass
16 16 (1.38%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 85 (7.32%) Algorithms
2 77 (6.63%) Greenfield Project
3 75 (6.46%) Analytical Skills
4 67 (5.77%) Embedded Systems
5 59 (5.08%) Mobile App
6 57 (4.91%) Hedge funds
7 46 (3.96%) Management Information System
8 43 (3.70%) Self-Motivation
9 41 (3.53%) Derivative
10 39 (3.36%) Credit Derivative
10 39 (3.36%) Fixed Income
11 32 (2.76%) User Experience
12 30 (2.58%) Device Driver
13 24 (2.07%) Internet of Things
14 23 (1.98%) Data Structures
15 19 (1.64%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
16 18 (1.55%) Linux Command Line
17 16 (1.38%) Video Conferencing
18 15 (1.29%) Data Centre
18 15 (1.29%) SIMD
Operating Systems
1 298 (25.67%) Linux
2 122 (10.51%) Windows
3 66 (5.68%) Unix
4 48 (4.13%) Android
5 41 (3.53%) CentOS
6 28 (2.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 24 (2.07%) Embedded Linux
8 23 (1.98%) Windows Server
9 22 (1.89%) Apple iOS
10 20 (1.72%) Windows 10
11 16 (1.38%) Ubuntu
11 16 (1.38%) Windows 7
12 10 (0.86%) VxWorks
13 9 (0.78%) Debian
14 7 (0.60%) Amazon Linux
14 7 (0.60%) Windows Server 2012
14 7 (0.60%) Windows Server 2016
15 5 (0.43%) Mac OS
15 5 (0.43%) Mac OS X
16 4 (0.34%) Nucleus RTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 386 (33.25%) Software Engineering
2 283 (24.38%) Agile Software Development
3 155 (13.35%) Computer Science
4 133 (11.46%) Scrum
5 122 (10.51%) Problem-Solving
6 108 (9.30%) DevOps
7 90 (7.75%) Test Automation
8 89 (7.67%) Open Source
9 84 (7.24%) Mathematics
9 84 (7.24%) Project Management
10 79 (6.80%) Cybersecurity
11 77 (6.63%) Mentoring
12 70 (6.03%) Migration
13 67 (5.77%) Validation
14 65 (5.60%) OO
15 63 (5.43%) Analytics
15 63 (5.43%) Machine Learning
16 62 (5.34%) TDD
17 60 (5.17%) SDLC
18 57 (4.91%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 512 (44.10%) C++
2 374 (32.21%) Python
3 298 (25.67%) Java
4 139 (11.97%) JavaScript
5 132 (11.37%) SQL
6 131 (11.28%) C#
7 100 (8.61%) Embedded C
8 73 (6.29%) Go
9 62 (5.34%) R
10 48 (4.13%) PHP
11 39 (3.36%) Bash Shell
12 38 (3.27%) Embedded C++
13 31 (2.67%) PowerShell
14 30 (2.58%) Assembly Language
14 30 (2.58%) MATLAB
15 27 (2.33%) Ruby
16 22 (1.89%) Perl
17 21 (1.81%) Scala
18 20 (1.72%) Shell Script
19 11 (0.95%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 277 (23.86%) Degree
2 158 (13.61%) Security Cleared
3 115 (9.91%) DV Cleared
4 55 (4.74%) Computer Science Degree
5 51 (4.39%) SC Cleared
6 45 (3.88%) PhD
7 13 (1.12%) CISSP
8 12 (1.03%) Cisco Certification
9 11 (0.95%) Master's Degree
10 10 (0.86%) CISM
11 8 (0.69%) CCNA
11 8 (0.69%) ITIL Certification
12 7 (0.60%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 6 (0.52%) HND
13 6 (0.52%) MBA
14 5 (0.43%) CCIE
14 5 (0.43%) CCSP
14 5 (0.43%) CFA
14 5 (0.43%) JNCIA
15 4 (0.34%) CSSLP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (3.53%) QA
2 19 (1.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 13 (1.12%) GDPR
3 13 (1.12%) MISRA
3 13 (1.12%) SLA
4 10 (0.86%) ISO 26262
5 9 (0.78%) ISO 9001
5 9 (0.78%) PMO
6 8 (0.69%) MISRA C
7 7 (0.60%) IEC 61508
8 5 (0.43%) DO-178B
8 5 (0.43%) NIST
9 4 (0.34%) Actionable Recommendations
9 4 (0.34%) JTAG
10 3 (0.26%) Def Stans
10 3 (0.26%) ISO 13485
10 3 (0.26%) ISO 14001
11 2 (0.17%) ISO 9000
11 2 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 1 (0.086%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 92 (7.92%) Docker
2 71 (6.12%) Firmware
3 41 (3.53%) Active Directory
4 34 (2.93%) VMware Infrastructure
5 8 (0.69%) Hyper-V
5 8 (0.69%) KVM
6 7 (0.60%) LXC
7 5 (0.43%) vSphere
8 4 (0.34%) Ceph
8 4 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
8 4 (0.34%) Xen
9 3 (0.26%) Microsoft App-V
9 3 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.17%) iptables
10 2 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.086%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 1 (0.086%) BIND 9
11 1 (0.086%) NFS
11 1 (0.086%) PowerHA
11 1 (0.086%) zsh
Systems Management
1 60 (5.17%) Ansible
2 57 (4.91%) Kubernetes
3 33 (2.84%) Terraform
4 16 (1.38%) Puppet
5 11 (0.95%) Opscode Chef
5 11 (0.95%) SCCM
6 10 (0.86%) SCOM
7 5 (0.43%) Microsoft Intune
8 4 (0.34%) Mesos
8 4 (0.34%) Proxmox
8 4 (0.34%) Single Sign-On
8 4 (0.34%) Zipkin
9 3 (0.26%) McAfee ePO
9 3 (0.26%) Salt
9 3 (0.26%) SCOrch
9 3 (0.26%) SELinux
9 3 (0.26%) vRealize
10 2 (0.17%) HP Quality Center
10 2 (0.17%) SolarWinds Orion
10 2 (0.17%) WSUS
Vendors
1 102 (8.79%) Microsoft
2 70 (6.03%) Google
3 52 (4.48%) SAP
4 50 (4.31%) VMware
5 46 (3.96%) Oracle
6 31 (2.67%) Red Hat
7 29 (2.50%) Cisco
8 12 (1.03%) EMC
8 12 (1.03%) IBM
9 11 (0.95%) Citrix
10 10 (0.86%) Intel
10 10 (0.86%) ServiceNow
11 9 (0.78%) Salesforce.com
12 7 (0.60%) Guidewire
12 7 (0.60%) NVIDIA
12 7 (0.60%) SolarWinds
12 7 (0.60%) Xamarin
13 6 (0.52%) Apple
13 6 (0.52%) Tableau
13 6 (0.52%) Xilinx