Period
to 22 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 22 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

C
UK > England
6 months to
22 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 110 119 93
Rank change year-on-year +9 -26 +5
Permanent jobs citing C 3,350 1,596 3,852
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.01% 2.79% 3.30%
As % of the Programming Languages category 5.62% 4.80% 6.10%
Number of salaries quoted 1,619 1,218 3,073
10th Percentile £36,250 £37,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £43,750 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +9.52% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £75,000 £65,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £51,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +12.75% +2.00%

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 59,629 33,261 63,167
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 53.50% 58.16% 54.16%
Number of salaries quoted 39,485 28,694 53,015
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,000
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £82,500 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £90,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -

C
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing C as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for C in England

C
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing C in England.

Salary trend for C in England

C
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing C in England over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Salary histogram for C in England

C
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing C within the England region over the 6 months to 22 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -34 1,072 £75,000 +7.14% 200
South East +37 883 £55,000 +4.76% 190
East of England +37 447 £52,500 +5.00% 119
North of England -28 320 £55,000 +10.00% 171
South West -25 291 £52,500 - 117
Midlands -33 243 £50,000 - 119
North West -5 161 £52,000 +15.56% 71
West Midlands -14 157 £55,000 +19.57% 68
Yorkshire -26 145 £63,750 +15.91% 61
East Midlands -46 87 £47,500 -5.00% 51
North East -27 14 £57,500 +27.78% 39
C
UK

For the 6 months to 22 January 2022, IT jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for C.

1 1,524 (45.49%) C++
2 1,259 (37.58%) Agile Software Development
3 1,239 (36.99%) Software Engineering
4 1,192 (35.58%) Python
5 1,028 (30.69%) Social Skills
6 954 (28.48%) Degree
7 809 (24.15%) Linux
8 761 (22.72%) Java
9 703 (20.99%) C#
10 640 (19.10%) Problem-Solving
11 616 (18.39%) Computer Science
12 592 (17.67%) Finance
13 559 (16.69%) DevOps
14 520 (15.52%) JavaScript
15 515 (15.37%) SQL
16 502 (14.99%) Azure
17 466 (13.91%) AWS
18 441 (13.16%) Analytical Skills
19 421 (12.57%) Algorithms
20 414 (12.36%) Test Automation
21 412 (12.30%) CI/CD
22 389 (11.61%) Mathematics
23 382 (11.40%) Mentoring
24 367 (10.96%) Analytics
24 367 (10.96%) Risk Management
25 342 (10.21%) Microsoft
26 340 (10.15%) TDD
27 334 (9.97%) Scrum
28 320 (9.55%) Continuous Integration
29 318 (9.49%) Software Testing

C
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 103 (3.07%) Confluence
2 49 (1.46%) Apache
3 37 (1.10%) Apache Spark
3 37 (1.10%) SharePoint
4 22 (0.66%) CMS
5 14 (0.42%) IIS
6 12 (0.36%) SAS
7 11 (0.33%) nginx
8 9 (0.27%) Apache Pulsar
8 9 (0.27%) JBoss
9 7 (0.21%) OpenROAD
10 6 (0.18%) ArcGIS
10 6 (0.18%) Ethereum
10 6 (0.18%) IBM HTTP Server
10 6 (0.18%) MS Exchange
10 6 (0.18%) Tomcat
10 6 (0.18%) WinCC
11 5 (0.15%) CICS
11 5 (0.15%) OpenStack
11 5 (0.15%) WebLogic
Applications
1 166 (4.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 96 (2.87%) Microsoft Office
3 78 (2.33%) Simulink
4 48 (1.43%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 17 (0.51%) SOLIDWORKS
6 12 (0.36%) AutoCAD
6 12 (0.36%) Stateflow
7 10 (0.30%) Revit
8 9 (0.27%) Windchill
9 7 (0.21%) Chatbot
9 7 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
9 7 (0.21%) MS Visio
10 6 (0.18%) InDesign
11 3 (0.090%) OmniGraffle
11 3 (0.090%) Photoshop
11 3 (0.090%) Spreadsheet
12 1 (0.030%) Adobe XD
12 1 (0.030%) Autodesk Inventor
12 1 (0.030%) PTC Creo
12 1 (0.030%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 18 (0.54%) SAP S/4HANA
2 15 (0.45%) Dynamics NAV
3 12 (0.36%) SAP SD
3 12 (0.36%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 8 (0.24%) Adobe Campaign
4 8 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 7 (0.21%) Magento
5 7 (0.21%) SAP MDG
5 7 (0.21%) Shopify
6 6 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
7 5 (0.15%) NetSuite
7 5 (0.15%) SAP CRM
8 4 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
9 3 (0.090%) Maximo
9 3 (0.090%) SAP MDM
9 3 (0.090%) Teamcenter
10 2 (0.060%) Infor M3
10 2 (0.060%) Oracle Financials
10 2 (0.060%) Primavera
10 2 (0.060%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 502 (14.99%) Azure
2 466 (13.91%) AWS
3 219 (6.54%) Serverless
4 178 (5.31%) GCP
5 139 (4.15%) SaaS
6 90 (2.69%) Cloud Computing
7 88 (2.63%) OpenShift
8 67 (2.00%) GitHub
9 64 (1.91%) Microsoft 365
10 48 (1.43%) Power Platform
11 44 (1.31%) PaaS
12 22 (0.66%) AWS Lambda
12 22 (0.66%) IaaS
13 20 (0.60%) Amazon S3
14 16 (0.48%) Heroku
15 15 (0.45%) Amazon EC2
15 15 (0.45%) Slack
16 14 (0.42%) AWS IoT
16 14 (0.42%) Firebase
17 12 (0.36%) Azure Sentinel
Communications & Networking
1 195 (5.82%) TCP/IP
2 104 (3.10%) Wireless
3 87 (2.60%) HTTP
3 87 (2.60%) Wi-Fi
4 79 (2.36%) Ethernet
5 72 (2.15%) Broadband
6 68 (2.03%) VoIP
7 58 (1.73%) Internet
8 52 (1.55%) Modbus
9 50 (1.49%) Bluetooth
10 48 (1.43%) DVB
10 48 (1.43%) Firewall
10 48 (1.43%) MQTT
11 34 (1.01%) RS-485
12 33 (0.99%) HTTPS
13 29 (0.87%) DNS
14 27 (0.81%) RS-422
15 26 (0.78%) MIMO
16 25 (0.75%) Profibus
16 25 (0.75%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 167 (4.99%) PostgreSQL
2 145 (4.33%) SQL Server
3 95 (2.84%) MySQL
4 82 (2.45%) Relational Database
5 77 (2.30%) Big Data
5 77 (2.30%) NoSQL
6 60 (1.79%) MongoDB
7 52 (1.55%) Tableau
8 48 (1.43%) Power BI
9 40 (1.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 33 (0.99%) Hadoop
11 32 (0.96%) Oracle Database
12 28 (0.84%) Data Warehouse
12 28 (0.84%) Redis
13 27 (0.81%) Data Lake
14 24 (0.72%) GIS
15 21 (0.63%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 20 (0.60%) Data Mining
17 19 (0.57%) Blockchain
17 19 (0.57%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 273 (8.15%) Jenkins
2 233 (6.96%) JIRA
3 206 (6.15%) Git (software)
4 81 (2.42%) Visual Studio
5 61 (1.82%) Selenium
6 46 (1.37%) Subversion
7 41 (1.22%) GitLab
8 40 (1.19%) Bitbucket
9 36 (1.07%) JMeter
10 28 (0.84%) Postman
10 28 (0.84%) Rational Rhapsody
11 27 (0.81%) NeoLoad
12 26 (0.78%) Team Foundation Server
13 23 (0.69%) GNU Toolchain
14 22 (0.66%) CircleCI
14 22 (0.66%) CMake
14 22 (0.66%) Cucumber
14 22 (0.66%) LoadRunner
14 22 (0.66%) SpecFlow
15 20 (0.60%) GCC
General
1 1,028 (30.69%) Social Skills
2 592 (17.67%) Finance
3 441 (13.16%) Analytical Skills
4 246 (7.34%) Electronics
5 188 (5.61%) Marketing
6 137 (4.09%) Public Sector
7 133 (3.97%) Retail
8 129 (3.85%) Influencing Skills
9 119 (3.55%) Telecoms
10 116 (3.46%) Automotive
11 113 (3.37%) Banking
12 99 (2.96%) Presentation Skills
13 95 (2.84%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 93 (2.78%) Manufacturing
15 90 (2.69%) Games
16 88 (2.63%) Aerospace
17 70 (2.09%) Legal
18 66 (1.97%) Front Office
19 48 (1.43%) Law
20 47 (1.40%) Military
Job Titles
1 854 (25.49%) Software Engineer
2 547 (16.33%) Developer
3 356 (10.63%) Embedded Engineer
4 298 (8.90%) Senior Software Engineer
5 256 (7.64%) Analyst
6 250 (7.46%) Embedded Software Engineer
7 168 (5.01%) Architect
8 136 (4.06%) C++ Software Engineer
9 122 (3.64%) Software Developer
10 91 (2.72%) Junior
11 90 (2.69%) Senior Developer
12 76 (2.27%) Consultant
12 76 (2.27%) Pricing Analyst
13 73 (2.18%) Analyst Developer
14 72 (2.15%) Pricing Developer
14 72 (2.15%) Principal Engineer
15 71 (2.12%) C Software Engineer
15 71 (2.12%) Electronics Engineer
16 69 (2.06%) Technical Leader
17 65 (1.94%) Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 289 (8.63%) React
2 218 (6.51%) HTML
3 170 (5.07%) .NET
4 164 (4.90%) AngularJS
5 157 (4.69%) Node.js
6 155 (4.63%) REST
7 151 (4.51%) CSS
8 112 (3.34%) HTML5
9 105 (3.13%) Velocity
10 95 (2.84%) Spring
11 86 (2.57%) Java EE
12 78 (2.33%) Spring Boot
13 74 (2.21%) CSS3
14 73 (2.18%) Yocto
15 71 (2.12%) JSON
16 69 (2.06%) WPF
17 67 (2.00%) Middleware
18 64 (1.91%) TensorFlow
18 64 (1.91%) Vue.js
19 63 (1.88%) PyTorch
Miscellaneous
1 421 (12.57%) Algorithms
2 239 (7.13%) User Experience
3 236 (7.04%) Self-Motivation
4 219 (6.54%) Data Structures
5 165 (4.93%) Management Information System
6 156 (4.66%) Embedded Systems
7 155 (4.63%) Mobile App
8 107 (3.19%) Virtual Team
9 105 (3.13%) FPGA
10 86 (2.57%) Social Media
11 72 (2.15%) Device Driver
12 68 (2.03%) Client/Server
12 68 (2.03%) NHS
12 68 (2.03%) Renewable Energy
13 62 (1.85%) Derivative
14 51 (1.52%) Fixed Income
15 50 (1.49%) Equities
16 48 (1.43%) Robotics
17 47 (1.40%) Life Science
18 42 (1.25%) VHDL
Operating Systems
1 809 (24.15%) Linux
2 255 (7.61%) Windows
3 162 (4.84%) Unix
4 134 (4.00%) Android
5 96 (2.87%) Embedded Linux
6 59 (1.76%) CentOS
7 41 (1.22%) Apple iOS
8 34 (1.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 23 (0.69%) FreeRTOS
9 23 (0.69%) OpenWrt
10 21 (0.63%) Windows Server
11 20 (0.60%) Windows 10
12 18 (0.54%) ThreadX
13 17 (0.51%) VxWorks
14 15 (0.45%) VMS
14 15 (0.45%) Windows Embedded Compact
15 10 (0.30%) Debian
15 10 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
16 9 (0.27%) Robot Operating System
17 8 (0.24%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,259 (37.58%) Agile Software Development
2 1,239 (36.99%) Software Engineering
3 640 (19.10%) Problem-Solving
4 616 (18.39%) Computer Science
5 559 (16.69%) DevOps
6 414 (12.36%) Test Automation
7 412 (12.30%) CI/CD
8 389 (11.61%) Mathematics
9 382 (11.40%) Mentoring
10 367 (10.96%) Analytics
10 367 (10.96%) Risk Management
11 340 (10.15%) TDD
12 334 (9.97%) Scrum
13 320 (9.55%) Continuous Integration
14 318 (9.49%) Software Testing
15 275 (8.21%) OO
16 243 (7.25%) Data Science
17 241 (7.19%) Project Management
18 233 (6.96%) Validation
19 228 (6.81%) Full Stack Development
Programming Languages
1 1,524 (45.49%) C++
2 1,192 (35.58%) Python
3 761 (22.72%) Java
4 703 (20.99%) C#
5 520 (15.52%) JavaScript
6 515 (15.37%) SQL
7 234 (6.99%) Embedded C
8 203 (6.06%) Go
9 175 (5.22%) MATLAB
10 134 (4.00%) TypeScript
11 125 (3.73%) R
12 122 (3.64%) Perl
13 109 (3.25%) Bash
14 108 (3.22%) Shell Script
15 96 (2.87%) Embedded C++
16 90 (2.69%) PHP
17 65 (1.94%) Ruby
18 62 (1.85%) Objective-C
19 61 (1.82%) Assembly Language
20 46 (1.37%) Ada
Qualifications
1 954 (28.48%) Degree
2 230 (6.87%) Security Cleared
3 222 (6.63%) Computer Science Degree
4 172 (5.13%) SC Cleared
5 102 (3.04%) PhD
6 83 (2.48%) Master's Degree
7 75 (2.24%) HND
8 66 (1.97%) DBS Check
9 62 (1.85%) DV Cleared
10 46 (1.37%) CISSP
11 36 (1.07%) CISM
12 27 (0.81%) ISTQB
13 26 (0.78%) HNC
14 22 (0.66%) PMI Certification
15 18 (0.54%) Microsoft Certification
16 17 (0.51%) CRISC
17 15 (0.45%) CESG Certified Professional
18 13 (0.39%) Cisco Certification
19 11 (0.33%) BPSS Clearance
20 10 (0.30%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 235 (7.01%) QA
2 74 (2.21%) MISRA
3 68 (2.03%) Accessibility
4 47 (1.40%) Def Stans
5 39 (1.16%) ISO 26262
6 32 (0.96%) ISO 9001
7 28 (0.84%) IEC 61508
8 24 (0.72%) SLA
9 21 (0.63%) GDPR
9 21 (0.63%) PMO
10 20 (0.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 19 (0.57%) DO-178B
11 19 (0.57%) IEC 62304
11 19 (0.57%) NIST
12 16 (0.48%) Good Clinical Practice
13 13 (0.39%) PCI DSS
14 10 (0.30%) Data Quality
14 10 (0.30%) ISO 13485
15 7 (0.21%) JSP 440
16 5 (0.15%) NCSC
System Software
1 296 (8.84%) Firmware
2 175 (5.22%) Docker
3 48 (1.43%) Active Directory
4 44 (1.31%) VMware Infrastructure
5 28 (0.84%) Virtual Machines
6 9 (0.27%) vSphere
7 8 (0.24%) Hyper-V
8 6 (0.18%) Kamailio
8 6 (0.18%) NFS
8 6 (0.18%) OpenSIPS
8 6 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
9 5 (0.15%) LXC
10 4 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 4 (0.12%) VirtualBox
10 4 (0.12%) VMware NSX
10 4 (0.12%) Xen
10 4 (0.12%) XenApp
11 3 (0.090%) Ceph
11 3 (0.090%) Terminal Services
12 2 (0.060%) Samba
Systems Management
1 182 (5.43%) Ansible
2 171 (5.10%) Kubernetes
3 101 (3.01%) Terraform
4 63 (1.88%) Puppet
5 51 (1.52%) Opscode Chef
6 50 (1.49%) BMC PATROL
7 17 (0.51%) Kibana
8 14 (0.42%) Grafana
8 14 (0.42%) Graylog
9 9 (0.27%) Nessus
9 9 (0.27%) SCCM
10 8 (0.24%) HP Quality Center
10 8 (0.24%) Nagios
10 8 (0.24%) PTC Integrity
11 7 (0.21%) vCenter Server
12 5 (0.15%) Nexpose
12 5 (0.15%) Packer
12 5 (0.15%) SCOM
13 4 (0.12%) Control-M
13 4 (0.12%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 342 (10.21%) Microsoft
2 170 (5.07%) Oracle
3 105 (3.13%) Red Hat
4 78 (2.33%) IBM
5 77 (2.30%) Google
6 69 (2.06%) SAP
7 65 (1.94%) VMware
8 49 (1.46%) NEC
8 49 (1.46%) Northgate
9 45 (1.34%) EMC
10 41 (1.22%) Cisco
10 41 (1.22%) Salesforce.com
11 39 (1.16%) BISAM
12 29 (0.87%) Workday
13 27 (0.81%) Siemens
14 24 (0.72%) HP
14 24 (0.72%) YouTube
15 23 (0.69%) Spotify
16 21 (0.63%) Splunk
17 19 (0.57%) Atlassian