Period
to 7 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 7 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

C
UK > England
6 months to
7 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 109 85 94
Rank change year-on-year -24 +9 +7
Permanent jobs citing C 2,091 4,746 5,621
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.88% 3.49% 3.37%
As % of the Programming Languages category 5.19% 6.46% 5.98%
Number of salaries quoted 1,740 3,409 4,368
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £30,000
90th Percentile £87,625 £80,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 40,277 73,444 94,057
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.53% 54.02% 56.31%
Number of salaries quoted 33,609 60,605 78,881
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £31,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £86,250 £80,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

C
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing C as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for C in England

C
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing C in England.

Salary trend for C in England

C
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing C in England over the 6 months to 7 July 2020.

Salary histogram for C in England

C
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing C within the England region over the 6 months to 7 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -34 614 £65,000 +4.42% 81
South East -7 534 £52,500 +10.53% 114
South West -11 364 £47,500 -5.00% 70
North of England +18 262 £50,000 +11.11% 84
North West +15 172 £50,000 +5.82% 46
East of England +3 166 £55,000 +10.00% 74
Midlands -29 138 £47,500 +11.76% 45
West Midlands -9 114 £50,000 +11.11% 32
Yorkshire +45 85 £55,000 +22.22% 34
East Midlands -28 24 £47,500 +26.67% 13
North East 0 5 £43,250 -11.28% 4
C
UK

For the 6 months to 7 July 2020, IT jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for C.

1 1,003 (47.97%) C++
2 730 (34.91%) Software Engineering
3 636 (30.42%) Python
4 572 (27.36%) Linux
5 541 (25.87%) Java
6 527 (25.20%) Degree
7 507 (24.25%) Agile Software Development
8 402 (19.23%) C#
9 313 (14.97%) Finance
10 308 (14.73%) Problem-Solving
11 281 (13.44%) JavaScript
12 277 (13.25%) Windows
13 260 (12.43%) Security Cleared
13 260 (12.43%) Git (software)
14 243 (11.62%) SQL
15 234 (11.19%) Computer Science
16 230 (11.00%) .NET
17 223 (10.66%) DevOps
18 222 (10.62%) AWS
19 215 (10.28%) Analytical Skills
20 200 (9.56%) Embedded C
21 182 (8.70%) Docker
22 181 (8.66%) Test Automation
23 177 (8.46%) Scrum
23 177 (8.46%) Microsoft
24 174 (8.32%) Firmware
24 174 (8.32%) Mathematics
25 173 (8.27%) Project Management
26 166 (7.94%) Electronics
26 166 (7.94%) Jenkins

C
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 84 (4.02%) Confluence
2 37 (1.77%) Apache
3 31 (1.48%) Elasticsearch
4 24 (1.15%) Apache Spark
5 23 (1.10%) SharePoint
6 22 (1.05%) SAS
7 20 (0.96%) CMS
8 18 (0.86%) WebSphere
9 17 (0.81%) ArcGIS
10 16 (0.77%) IIS
11 14 (0.67%) JBoss
11 14 (0.67%) Tomcat
12 13 (0.62%) CICS
13 12 (0.57%) OpenStack
14 11 (0.53%) nginx
15 10 (0.48%) Jupyter
16 8 (0.38%) MS Exchange
17 7 (0.33%) GeoServer
17 7 (0.33%) Oracle Spatial
18 6 (0.29%) WebLogic
Applications
1 80 (3.83%) Microsoft Office
2 36 (1.72%) Microsoft Excel
3 28 (1.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 14 (0.67%) Simulink
5 10 (0.48%) SPSS
6 9 (0.43%) Spreadsheet
7 7 (0.33%) MS Visio
7 7 (0.33%) S-PLUS
7 7 (0.33%) TargetLink
8 4 (0.19%) OrCAD
8 4 (0.19%) Sketch
9 3 (0.14%) Photoshop
10 2 (0.096%) Abaqus
10 2 (0.096%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.096%) Adobe XD
10 2 (0.096%) AutoCAD
10 2 (0.096%) Gephi
10 2 (0.096%) InVision
10 2 (0.096%) SOLIDWORKS
11 1 (0.048%) MODO
Business Applications
1 15 (0.72%) SAP CRM
2 13 (0.62%) SAP S/4HANA
3 12 (0.57%) SAP SD
4 10 (0.48%) Dynamics NAV
5 9 (0.43%) SAP GTS
6 8 (0.38%) Workday HCM
7 7 (0.33%) Magento
8 6 (0.29%) Oracle Applications
9 5 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
10 4 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
10 4 (0.19%) Infor M3
10 4 (0.19%) Northgate Housing
11 2 (0.096%) Oracle CRM On Demand
11 2 (0.096%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 2 (0.096%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
12 1 (0.048%) Endur
12 1 (0.048%) Primavera
12 1 (0.048%) SAP FI
12 1 (0.048%) SAP IBP
12 1 (0.048%) SAP MM
Cloud Services
1 222 (10.62%) AWS
2 157 (7.51%) Azure
3 70 (3.35%) GCP
4 48 (2.30%) Office 365
5 35 (1.67%) SaaS
6 34 (1.63%) GitHub
6 34 (1.63%) Serverless
7 25 (1.20%) Cloud Computing
8 23 (1.10%) AWS Lambda
9 21 (1.00%) Power Platform
10 16 (0.77%) OpenShift
10 16 (0.77%) PaaS
11 15 (0.72%) Amazon ECS
12 14 (0.67%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 14 (0.67%) Amazon S3
12 14 (0.67%) AWS CloudFormation
13 13 (0.62%) Amazon EC2
13 13 (0.62%) IaaS
14 12 (0.57%) BlazeMeter
15 10 (0.48%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 108 (5.16%) Wireless
2 94 (4.50%) TCP/IP
3 89 (4.26%) Internet
4 62 (2.97%) Bluetooth
5 48 (2.30%) Firewall
6 37 (1.77%) Ethernet
7 35 (1.67%) Skype
8 31 (1.48%) VPN
9 28 (1.34%) MQTT
10 27 (1.29%) 5G
10 27 (1.29%) LTE
11 25 (1.20%) Wi-Fi
12 22 (1.05%) H.323
13 21 (1.00%) DHCP
14 20 (0.96%) Network Security
15 18 (0.86%) 3GPP
15 18 (0.86%) ZigBee
16 17 (0.81%) DNS
16 17 (0.81%) HTTP
16 17 (0.81%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 106 (5.07%) MySQL
2 88 (4.21%) Big Data
3 69 (3.30%) Relational Database
4 60 (2.87%) SQL Server
5 48 (2.30%) MongoDB
5 48 (2.30%) NoSQL
6 47 (2.25%) PostgreSQL
7 38 (1.82%) Hadoop
8 33 (1.58%) Data Warehouse
9 30 (1.43%) Redis
10 29 (1.39%) BusinessObjects
11 26 (1.24%) Oracle Database
12 21 (1.00%) Power BI
13 18 (0.86%) Data Lake
14 16 (0.77%) DB2
15 15 (0.72%) RDBMS
16 14 (0.67%) KDB
17 13 (0.62%) SAP HANA
18 12 (0.57%) Kdb+
18 12 (0.57%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 260 (12.43%) Git (software)
2 166 (7.94%) Jenkins
3 163 (7.80%) JIRA
4 51 (2.44%) Visual Studio
5 49 (2.34%) Subversion
6 48 (2.30%) Selenium
7 36 (1.72%) Eclipse
8 35 (1.67%) Maven
9 27 (1.29%) Cucumber
9 27 (1.29%) SoapUI
10 25 (1.20%) JMeter
11 21 (1.00%) JUnit
12 20 (0.96%) LoadRunner
13 19 (0.91%) Bitbucket
14 17 (0.81%) eggPlant
14 17 (0.81%) GitLab
15 16 (0.77%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 16 (0.77%) Rational DOORS
16 15 (0.72%) Postman
17 14 (0.67%) Appium
General
1 313 (14.97%) Finance
2 166 (7.94%) Electronics
3 123 (5.88%) Telecoms
4 112 (5.36%) Manufacturing
5 96 (4.59%) Retail
6 90 (4.30%) Marketing
7 66 (3.16%) Banking
8 65 (3.11%) Automotive
9 61 (2.92%) Public Sector
10 60 (2.87%) Games
11 59 (2.82%) Aerospace
12 57 (2.73%) Military
13 34 (1.63%) Legal
14 32 (1.53%) Law
15 28 (1.34%) Advertising
16 22 (1.05%) Local Government
17 12 (0.57%) Back Office
18 11 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
18 11 (0.53%) Police
19 8 (0.38%) Billing
Job Titles
1 507 (24.25%) Software Engineer
2 388 (18.56%) Developer
3 243 (11.62%) Embedded Engineer
4 199 (9.52%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 159 (7.60%) Senior Software Engineer
6 107 (5.12%) C++ Software Engineer
7 99 (4.73%) Architect
8 93 (4.45%) Consultant
8 93 (4.45%) Software Developer
9 75 (3.59%) Analyst
10 71 (3.40%) C Software Engineer
11 60 (2.87%) C# Developer
12 59 (2.82%) C++ Developer
13 58 (2.77%) .NET Developer
13 58 (2.77%) Senior Developer
14 52 (2.49%) Junior
15 51 (2.44%) C/C++ Software Engineer
16 49 (2.34%) Embedded C Engineer
17 46 (2.20%) Data Scientist
17 46 (2.20%) Firmware Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 230 (11.00%) .NET
2 129 (6.17%) HTML
3 94 (4.50%) CSS
4 91 (4.35%) Web Services
5 84 (4.02%) REST
6 72 (3.44%) Node.js
6 72 (3.44%) React
7 71 (3.40%) AngularJS
8 58 (2.77%) JSON
9 54 (2.58%) RESTful
10 53 (2.53%) XML
11 52 (2.49%) HTML5
12 44 (2.10%) .NET Core
12 44 (2.10%) Spring
13 41 (1.96%) .NET Framework
13 41 (1.96%) ASP.NET
14 38 (1.82%) Kafka
14 38 (1.82%) Middleware
15 35 (1.67%) WinForms
16 32 (1.53%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 215 (10.28%) Analytical Skills
2 147 (7.03%) Algorithms
3 118 (5.64%) Embedded Systems
4 92 (4.40%) Self-Motivation
5 84 (4.02%) User Experience
6 73 (3.49%) Mobile App
7 68 (3.25%) Management Information System
8 63 (3.01%) Greenfield Project
9 54 (2.58%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
10 47 (2.25%) Linux Command Line
11 42 (2.01%) Internet of Things
12 34 (1.63%) Robotics
13 33 (1.58%) Device Driver
14 32 (1.53%) Data Structures
15 31 (1.48%) Public Cloud
16 30 (1.43%) VHDL
17 28 (1.34%) PKI
18 27 (1.29%) Video Conferencing
19 24 (1.15%) Hedge funds
20 22 (1.05%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 572 (27.36%) Linux
2 277 (13.25%) Windows
3 142 (6.79%) Unix
4 91 (4.35%) Android
5 69 (3.30%) Apple iOS
6 63 (3.01%) Embedded Linux
7 51 (2.44%) CentOS
8 41 (1.96%) Windows Server
9 32 (1.53%) Ubuntu
10 31 (1.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 21 (1.00%) Windows 10
12 11 (0.53%) VxWorks
13 10 (0.48%) Debian
13 10 (0.48%) Mac OS
13 10 (0.48%) Solaris
13 10 (0.48%) Windows Server 2012
14 9 (0.43%) Fedora
14 9 (0.43%) Mac OS X
14 9 (0.43%) Windows 7
14 9 (0.43%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 730 (34.91%) Software Engineering
2 507 (24.25%) Agile Software Development
3 308 (14.73%) Problem-Solving
4 234 (11.19%) Computer Science
5 223 (10.66%) DevOps
6 181 (8.66%) Test Automation
7 177 (8.46%) Scrum
8 174 (8.32%) Mathematics
9 173 (8.27%) Project Management
10 157 (7.51%) Mentoring
11 155 (7.41%) Cybersecurity
12 154 (7.36%) Analytics
13 151 (7.22%) SDLC
14 125 (5.98%) Continuous Integration
15 121 (5.79%) OO
16 111 (5.31%) Machine Learning
17 100 (4.78%) Data Science
18 96 (4.59%) Open Source
19 94 (4.50%) Continuous Improvement
20 92 (4.40%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 1,003 (47.97%) C++
2 636 (30.42%) Python
3 541 (25.87%) Java
4 402 (19.23%) C#
5 281 (13.44%) JavaScript
6 243 (11.62%) SQL
7 200 (9.56%) Embedded C
8 112 (5.36%) Go
9 110 (5.26%) PHP
10 102 (4.88%) Bash Shell
11 63 (3.01%) Ruby
12 62 (2.97%) Perl
12 62 (2.97%) PowerShell
13 59 (2.82%) Assembly Language
14 58 (2.77%) Embedded C++
15 49 (2.34%) R
16 47 (2.25%) VB.NET
17 45 (2.15%) Scala
18 43 (2.06%) MATLAB
19 37 (1.77%) VB
Qualifications
1 527 (25.20%) Degree
2 260 (12.43%) Security Cleared
3 139 (6.65%) DV Cleared
4 126 (6.03%) SC Cleared
5 102 (4.88%) Computer Science Degree
6 38 (1.82%) PhD
7 31 (1.48%) CISSP
7 31 (1.48%) HND
8 26 (1.24%) Chartered Engineer
9 23 (1.10%) HNC
9 23 (1.10%) Microsoft Certification
10 21 (1.00%) Cisco Certification
11 19 (0.91%) SANS
12 18 (0.86%) CCNA
13 17 (0.81%) Numerate Degree
14 15 (0.72%) ISTQB
15 14 (0.67%) CISM
16 13 (0.62%) MCSE
17 12 (0.57%) CEH
18 11 (0.53%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 65 (3.11%) QA
2 21 (1.00%) Def Stans
2 21 (1.00%) GDPR
2 21 (1.00%) IEC 61508
2 21 (1.00%) MISRA
3 20 (0.96%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 17 (0.81%) SLA
5 14 (0.67%) Actionable Recommendations
6 13 (0.62%) ISO 9001
6 13 (0.62%) MISRA C
7 10 (0.48%) HAZOP
7 10 (0.48%) ISO 26262
8 8 (0.38%) PMO
9 7 (0.33%) DICOM
10 6 (0.29%) DO-178B
10 6 (0.29%) IEC 62304
10 6 (0.29%) ISO 13485
11 5 (0.24%) Data Quality
12 4 (0.19%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 4 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 182 (8.70%) Docker
2 174 (8.32%) Firmware
3 47 (2.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 41 (1.96%) Active Directory
5 14 (0.67%) VMware ESXi
6 10 (0.48%) VirtualBox
7 9 (0.43%) NFS
8 8 (0.38%) vSphere
8 8 (0.38%) Xen
9 7 (0.33%) LXC
9 7 (0.33%) Samba
10 5 (0.24%) ACF2
10 5 (0.24%) Hyper-V
10 5 (0.24%) KVM
10 5 (0.24%) RACF
10 5 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
11 4 (0.19%) OpenAM
11 4 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
12 3 (0.14%) Microsoft App-V
13 2 (0.096%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 82 (3.92%) Kubernetes
2 70 (3.35%) Ansible
3 34 (1.63%) Terraform
4 32 (1.53%) Puppet
5 17 (0.81%) Opscode Chef
6 12 (0.57%) Cisco CUCM
6 12 (0.57%) vCenter Server
7 11 (0.53%) Kibana
7 11 (0.53%) SCCM
8 10 (0.48%) HP Quality Center
8 10 (0.48%) Nagios
9 9 (0.43%) SELinux
10 8 (0.38%) BMC PATROL
10 8 (0.38%) Microsoft Intune
10 8 (0.38%) Rancher
11 7 (0.33%) Docker Swarm
11 7 (0.33%) OpenNMS
11 7 (0.33%) QRadar
11 7 (0.33%) SCOM
11 7 (0.33%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 177 (8.46%) Microsoft
2 79 (3.78%) Oracle
3 69 (3.30%) SAP
4 61 (2.92%) VMware
5 59 (2.82%) Google
6 45 (2.15%) Cisco
6 45 (2.15%) Red Hat
7 26 (1.24%) Atlassian
7 26 (1.24%) IBM
8 24 (1.15%) EMC
9 23 (1.10%) HP
10 20 (0.96%) Tableau
11 19 (0.91%) Xamarin
12 17 (0.81%) Apple
12 17 (0.81%) Intel
13 15 (0.72%) NetApp
13 15 (0.72%) SolarWinds
14 14 (0.67%) Splunk
14 14 (0.67%) Workday
15 13 (0.62%) Polycom