Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

C
UK > England
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 95 120 115
Rank change year-on-year +25 -5 -27
Permanent jobs citing C 5,187 2,721 2,092
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.42% 2.85% 2.87%
As % of the Programming Languages category 6.43% 5.12% 5.18%
Number of salaries quoted 1,616 1,545 1,674
10th Percentile £32,500 £33,750 £33,750
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £40,338
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £59,250 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.73% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £80,000 £72,500 £67,500
90th Percentile £94,375 £85,450 £86,175
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 80,682 53,159 40,407
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 53.16% 55.59% 55.50%
Number of salaries quoted 39,896 38,041 34,039
10th Percentile £37,491 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £42,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £101,250 £93,750 £91,250
UK median annual salary £62,500 £56,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +11.61% +1.82% +4.76%

C
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing C as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for C in England

C
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing C in England.

Salary trend for C in England

C
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing C in England over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Salary histogram for C in England

C
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing C within the England region over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -17 1,929 £73,999 +19.35% 126
South East +78 1,445 £55,000 - 132
East of England +8 528 £55,000 +10.00% 103
Midlands +30 501 £46,000 -3.16% 101
South West -8 402 £50,000 -4.76% 75
West Midlands +45 369 £46,000 +5.75% 61
North of England -83 306 £50,000 -9.09% 144
Yorkshire -39 172 £52,500 -19.23% 45
East Midlands -15 133 £43,750 -12.50% 40
North West -118 120 £47,500 -5.00% 75
North East -22 16 £50,000 +58.73% 24
C
UK

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for C.

1 2,310 (44.53%) C++
2 2,262 (43.61%) Software Engineering
3 2,095 (40.39%) Degree
4 2,003 (38.62%) Agile
5 1,919 (37.00%) Python
6 1,436 (27.68%) Social Skills
7 1,423 (27.43%) Linux
8 1,224 (23.60%) Java
9 1,054 (20.32%) Computer Science
10 1,040 (20.05%) Software Testing
11 1,017 (19.61%) Finance
12 884 (17.04%) Problem-Solving
13 835 (16.10%) C#
14 820 (15.81%) JavaScript
15 768 (14.81%) AWS
16 696 (13.42%) DevOps
17 670 (12.92%) Electronics
18 648 (12.49%) Analytical Skills
19 647 (12.47%) CI/CD
20 639 (12.32%) Algorithms
21 629 (12.13%) Mathematics
22 619 (11.93%) Inclusion and Diversity
23 610 (11.76%) Continuous Integration
24 603 (11.63%) SQL
25 586 (11.30%) TDD
26 580 (11.18%) Marketing
27 567 (10.93%) React
28 548 (10.56%) Computer Science Degree
29 529 (10.20%) Test Automation
30 524 (10.10%) Microsoft

C
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 96 (1.85%) Confluence
2 64 (1.23%) CMS
3 54 (1.04%) Apache
4 45 (0.87%) Apache Airflow
5 43 (0.83%) SharePoint
6 25 (0.48%) Apache Spark
6 25 (0.48%) Tornado
7 18 (0.35%) MS Exchange
8 17 (0.33%) Apache Pulsar
9 16 (0.31%) WebLogic
10 15 (0.29%) Jupyter
11 14 (0.27%) SAS
12 11 (0.21%) Apache Solr
13 9 (0.17%) ArcGIS
13 9 (0.17%) nginx
14 8 (0.15%) Drupal
15 7 (0.13%) Cloud Foundry
16 6 (0.12%) Ethereum
17 5 (0.096%) IIS
17 5 (0.096%) WordPress
Applications
1 231 (4.45%) Microsoft Office
2 201 (3.88%) Microsoft Excel
3 153 (2.95%) Simulink
4 138 (2.66%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 31 (0.60%) CANalyzer
6 29 (0.56%) Microsoft Project
7 21 (0.40%) SOLIDWORKS
7 21 (0.40%) Stateflow
8 18 (0.35%) TargetLink
9 17 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
10 15 (0.29%) AutoCAD
11 14 (0.27%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 12 (0.23%) MS Visio
13 10 (0.19%) Revit
14 9 (0.17%) Adobe After Effects
14 9 (0.17%) Zemax
15 8 (0.15%) CATIA
16 7 (0.13%) Adobe Premiere
17 5 (0.096%) UXPin
18 4 (0.077%) Autodesk Inventor
Business Applications
1 26 (0.50%) SAP HR
2 21 (0.40%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 19 (0.37%) SAP S/4HANA
4 17 (0.33%) Teamcenter
5 12 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
5 12 (0.23%) Shopify
6 10 (0.19%) SAP MDG
6 10 (0.19%) Summit
7 8 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
7 8 (0.15%) Primavera
8 6 (0.12%) Maximo
8 6 (0.12%) NetSuite
9 5 (0.096%) Dynamics CRM
9 5 (0.096%) Remedy ITSM
10 3 (0.058%) VisionPLUS
11 2 (0.039%) Dynamics AX
11 2 (0.039%) SAP ERP
11 2 (0.039%) SAP GRC
11 2 (0.039%) SAP R/3
11 2 (0.039%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 768 (14.81%) AWS
2 420 (8.10%) Azure
2 420 (8.10%) GCP
3 352 (6.79%) Serverless
4 173 (3.34%) GitHub
5 132 (2.54%) SaaS
6 117 (2.26%) Power Platform
7 98 (1.89%) Microsoft 365
8 65 (1.25%) Slack
9 62 (1.20%) AWS Lambda
10 60 (1.16%) Heroku
11 58 (1.12%) Cloud Computing
12 56 (1.08%) OpenShift
13 52 (1.00%) Azure DevOps
13 52 (1.00%) PaaS
14 51 (0.98%) GitHub Actions
15 39 (0.75%) Amazon S3
15 39 (0.75%) Google Analytics
16 34 (0.66%) Amazon EC2
17 30 (0.58%) Firebase
Communications & Networking
1 475 (9.16%) TCP/IP
2 393 (7.58%) HTTP
3 194 (3.74%) Wireless
4 91 (1.75%) Internet
5 81 (1.56%) Wi-Fi
6 59 (1.14%) Broadband
7 54 (1.04%) Modbus
8 52 (1.00%) WAN
9 44 (0.85%) DNS
9 44 (0.85%) Firewall
10 41 (0.79%) IPv4
10 41 (0.79%) IPv6
11 40 (0.77%) RS-485
12 38 (0.73%) Bluetooth
12 38 (0.73%) Ethernet
13 37 (0.71%) VoIP
14 36 (0.69%) 5G
14 36 (0.69%) LAN
15 33 (0.64%) VPN
16 31 (0.60%) MIMO
Database & Business Intelligence
1 256 (4.94%) PostgreSQL
2 169 (3.26%) NoSQL
3 166 (3.20%) Relational Database
4 163 (3.14%) MongoDB
5 112 (2.16%) Power BI
6 108 (2.08%) SQL Server
7 94 (1.81%) MySQL
8 74 (1.43%) Big Data
9 54 (1.04%) Data Warehouse
9 54 (1.04%) Redis
10 39 (0.75%) Data Lake
11 37 (0.71%) DynamoDB
12 33 (0.64%) Hadoop
12 33 (0.64%) Tableau
13 27 (0.52%) BigQuery
13 27 (0.52%) Looker
14 26 (0.50%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 25 (0.48%) Data Mining
15 25 (0.48%) Power Query
16 24 (0.46%) HBase
Development Applications
1 459 (8.85%) Jenkins
2 451 (8.69%) Git (software)
3 436 (8.41%) JIRA
4 106 (2.04%) GitLab
5 89 (1.72%) Visual Studio
6 71 (1.37%) Rational DOORS
7 65 (1.25%) Gerrit
8 56 (1.08%) Rational Rhapsody
9 55 (1.06%) Selenium
10 52 (1.00%) GCC
11 49 (0.94%) Polyspace
12 38 (0.73%) GDB
13 34 (0.66%) LabVIEW
14 32 (0.62%) JMeter
15 31 (0.60%) CMake
15 31 (0.60%) TeamCity
16 28 (0.54%) Grunt
16 28 (0.54%) SonarQube
16 28 (0.54%) Xcode
17 25 (0.48%) Burp Suite
General
1 1,436 (27.68%) Social Skills
2 1,017 (19.61%) Finance
3 670 (12.92%) Electronics
4 648 (12.49%) Analytical Skills
5 619 (11.93%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 580 (11.18%) Marketing
7 405 (7.81%) Automotive
8 383 (7.38%) Legal
9 288 (5.55%) Aviation
10 272 (5.24%) Games
11 245 (4.72%) Banking
12 219 (4.22%) Manufacturing
13 211 (4.07%) Telecoms
14 193 (3.72%) Retail
15 153 (2.95%) Public Sector
16 145 (2.80%) Presentation Skills
17 137 (2.64%) Influencing Skills
18 122 (2.35%) Aerospace
19 110 (2.12%) Law
20 71 (1.37%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,670 (32.20%) Software Engineer
2 716 (13.80%) Embedded Engineer
3 679 (13.09%) Developer
4 625 (12.05%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 356 (6.86%) Analyst
6 321 (6.19%) Graduate
7 289 (5.57%) Senior Software Engineer
8 244 (4.70%) Junior
8 244 (4.70%) Software Developer
9 209 (4.03%) Junior Software Engineer
10 203 (3.91%) Principal Engineer
11 184 (3.55%) Junior Embedded Engineer
12 167 (3.22%) Graduate Software Engineer
13 166 (3.20%) Systems Engineer
14 151 (2.91%) Senior Developer
15 140 (2.70%) C++ Software Engineer
16 135 (2.60%) Principal Software Engineer
17 122 (2.35%) Architect
18 112 (2.16%) Data Analyst
19 93 (1.79%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 567 (10.93%) React
2 430 (8.29%) HTML
3 361 (6.96%) CSS
4 352 (6.79%) AngularJS
5 335 (6.46%) Protocol Buffers
6 302 (5.82%) Node.js
7 301 (5.80%) HTML5
8 251 (4.84%) CSS3
9 245 (4.72%) Vue.js
10 234 (4.51%) WPF
11 218 (4.20%) WinForms
12 204 (3.93%) REST
13 200 (3.86%) .NET
14 125 (2.41%) Kafka
15 118 (2.27%) RESTful
16 84 (1.62%) JSON
17 76 (1.47%) Web Services
18 72 (1.39%) Qt
19 71 (1.37%) Spring
20 70 (1.35%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 639 (12.32%) Algorithms
2 335 (6.46%) Data Structures
3 260 (5.01%) Self-Motivation
4 236 (4.55%) Embedded Systems
5 215 (4.14%) User Experience
6 174 (3.35%) Management Information System
7 171 (3.30%) IoT
8 154 (2.97%) Mobile App
9 120 (2.31%) FPGA
10 118 (2.27%) Social Media
11 108 (2.08%) Blog
12 96 (1.85%) ARM Cortex
13 94 (1.81%) Driving Licence
14 92 (1.77%) Data Centre
15 87 (1.68%) Virtual Team
16 83 (1.60%) Enterprise Software
17 73 (1.41%) Robotics
18 72 (1.39%) VHDL
19 69 (1.33%) Cyberattack
20 64 (1.23%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 1,423 (27.43%) Linux
2 350 (6.75%) Windows
3 285 (5.49%) Unix
4 171 (3.30%) Android
5 128 (2.47%) Embedded Linux
6 114 (2.20%) Apple iOS
7 43 (0.83%) Windows Server
8 38 (0.73%) FreeRTOS
9 30 (0.58%) Mac OS
10 29 (0.56%) CentOS
11 23 (0.44%) Windows 10
12 21 (0.40%) OpenWrt
12 21 (0.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 17 (0.33%) VxWorks
14 14 (0.27%) Kali Linux
15 13 (0.25%) ThreadX
15 13 (0.25%) Windows Server 2016
16 11 (0.21%) VMS
17 9 (0.17%) Windows Server 2019
18 6 (0.12%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,262 (43.61%) Software Engineering
2 2,003 (38.62%) Agile
3 1,054 (20.32%) Computer Science
4 1,040 (20.05%) Software Testing
5 884 (17.04%) Problem-Solving
6 696 (13.42%) DevOps
7 647 (12.47%) CI/CD
8 629 (12.13%) Mathematics
9 610 (11.76%) Continuous Integration
10 586 (11.30%) TDD
11 529 (10.20%) Test Automation
12 522 (10.06%) Analytics
12 522 (10.06%) Project Management
13 520 (10.03%) Artificial Intelligence
14 508 (9.79%) Data Science
15 474 (9.14%) Continuous Improvement
16 472 (9.10%) Unit Testing
17 436 (8.41%) Mentoring
18 433 (8.35%) Signal Processing
19 395 (7.62%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 2,310 (44.53%) C++
2 1,919 (37.00%) Python
3 1,224 (23.60%) Java
4 835 (16.10%) C#
5 820 (15.81%) JavaScript
6 603 (11.63%) SQL
7 299 (5.76%) Objective-C
8 278 (5.36%) MATLAB
9 267 (5.15%) Go
10 232 (4.47%) Embedded C
11 204 (3.93%) TypeScript
12 147 (2.83%) R
13 145 (2.80%) Bash
14 134 (2.58%) Ruby
15 127 (2.45%) Perl
16 92 (1.77%) Embedded C++
17 89 (1.72%) Shell Script
18 88 (1.70%) Apple Swift
19 86 (1.66%) Rust
20 71 (1.37%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 2,095 (40.39%) Degree
2 548 (10.56%) Computer Science Degree
3 268 (5.17%) Security Cleared
4 172 (3.32%) SC Cleared
5 168 (3.24%) PhD
6 108 (2.08%) Master's Degree
7 74 (1.43%) PMI Certification
8 42 (0.81%) ISTQB
9 35 (0.67%) DV Cleared
10 29 (0.56%) Numerate Degree
11 28 (0.54%) MBA
12 25 (0.48%) OSCP
13 24 (0.46%) HND
14 21 (0.40%) CISSP
15 20 (0.39%) DBS Check
15 20 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
15 20 (0.39%) PgMP
15 20 (0.39%) Six Sigma Black Belt
16 18 (0.35%) CISM
16 18 (0.35%) Six Sigma Green Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 343 (6.61%) QA
2 257 (4.95%) Accessibility
3 125 (2.41%) MISRA
4 84 (1.62%) Automotive SPICE
5 80 (1.54%) SLA
6 68 (1.31%) ISO 26262
7 58 (1.12%) PMO
8 42 (0.81%) Data Quality
9 29 (0.56%) AUTOSAR
10 28 (0.54%) GDPR
11 27 (0.52%) Def Stans
12 26 (0.50%) IEC 61508
13 23 (0.44%) ISO 9001
14 19 (0.37%) DO-178B
14 19 (0.37%) MISRA C
14 19 (0.37%) PCI DSS
15 16 (0.31%) JTAG
16 15 (0.29%) NEBOSH
17 13 (0.25%) IEC 62304
18 12 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials
System Software
1 313 (6.03%) Firmware
2 292 (5.63%) Docker
3 75 (1.45%) Active Directory
4 45 (0.87%) Virtual Machines
4 45 (0.87%) VMware Infrastructure
5 22 (0.42%) Hyper-V
6 12 (0.23%) Kamailio
6 12 (0.23%) OpenSIPS
7 11 (0.21%) LXC
8 8 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 6 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
9 6 (0.12%) zsh
10 4 (0.077%) Ceph
10 4 (0.077%) Lustre
10 4 (0.077%) Xen
11 3 (0.058%) vSphere
12 2 (0.039%) NFS
12 2 (0.039%) Slurm Workload Manager
13 1 (0.019%) VMware Workstation
13 1 (0.019%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 275 (5.30%) Kubernetes
2 137 (2.64%) Terraform
3 97 (1.87%) Ansible
4 24 (0.46%) Puppet
5 18 (0.35%) Microsoft Intune
6 17 (0.33%) Grafana
7 16 (0.31%) SCCM
8 13 (0.25%) Opscode Chef
8 13 (0.25%) WSUS
9 11 (0.21%) Kustomize
10 9 (0.17%) FortiGate
11 8 (0.15%) Proxmox
12 6 (0.12%) HP Quality Center
12 6 (0.12%) Nagios
13 5 (0.096%) BMC PATROL
13 5 (0.096%) Packer
14 4 (0.077%) Forefront Identity Manager
14 4 (0.077%) SCOM
14 4 (0.077%) systemd
14 4 (0.077%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 524 (10.10%) Microsoft
2 235 (4.53%) Google
3 147 (2.83%) Oracle
4 114 (2.20%) SAP
5 80 (1.54%) Facebook
6 77 (1.48%) IBM
7 72 (1.39%) Workday
8 69 (1.33%) Salesforce.com
9 63 (1.21%) VMware
10 51 (0.98%) AppDynamics
11 49 (0.94%) CrowdStrike
11 49 (0.94%) Okta
12 44 (0.85%) Splunk
13 43 (0.83%) Adobe
14 41 (0.79%) Red Hat
15 37 (0.71%) New Relic
16 31 (0.60%) Apple
16 31 (0.60%) TikTok
17 29 (0.56%) Refinitiv
18 28 (0.54%) Dataiku