Period
to 29 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 29 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

C
UK > England
6 months to
29 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 94 89 98
Rank change year-on-year -5 +9 -1
Permanent jobs citing C 3,469 4,699 5,445
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.17% 3.39% 3.30%
As % of the Programming Languages category 5.84% 6.19% 5.87%
Number of salaries quoted 2,877 3,544 4,326
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £29,075 £30,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £84,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 59,451 75,897 92,773
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 54.30% 54.80% 56.27%
Number of salaries quoted 49,445 63,132 78,755
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £53,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +0.95% +5.00% +5.26%

C
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing C as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for C in England

C
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing C in England.

Salary trend for C in England

C
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing C in England over the 6 months to 29 March 2020.

Salary histogram for C in England

C
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing C within the England region over the 6 months to 29 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -12 1,020 £60,000 -4.00% 197
South East -1 979 £52,500 +10.53% 235
South West +4 600 £45,000 - 137
East of England +25 326 £50,000 - 148
North of England -13 293 £55,000 +22.22% 147
Midlands -41 230 £50,000 +20.48% 129
North West +23 196 £52,500 +10.53% 88
West Midlands -15 184 £50,000 +20.48% 92
Yorkshire -20 93 £55,000 +22.22% 43
East Midlands -62 46 £47,500 +15.85% 36
North East -21 4 £43,250 -17.62% 16
C
UK

For the 6 months to 29 March 2020, IT jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for C.

1 1,499 (43.21%) C++
2 1,173 (33.81%) Software Engineering
3 955 (27.53%) Python
4 900 (25.94%) Degree
5 854 (24.62%) Java
6 845 (24.36%) Linux
7 813 (23.44%) Agile Software Development
8 723 (20.84%) C#
9 554 (15.97%) Problem-Solving
10 525 (15.13%) Finance
11 513 (14.79%) Windows
12 454 (13.09%) SQL
13 449 (12.94%) JavaScript
14 413 (11.91%) Security Cleared
15 387 (11.16%) .NET
16 380 (10.95%) Git (software)
17 379 (10.93%) Embedded C
18 373 (10.75%) Analytical Skills
19 368 (10.61%) Computer Science
20 346 (9.97%) AWS
21 341 (9.83%) DevOps
22 337 (9.71%) Project Management
23 319 (9.20%) Microsoft
24 304 (8.76%) Mathematics
25 302 (8.71%) Electronics
26 288 (8.30%) Firmware
27 273 (7.87%) Algorithms
28 272 (7.84%) Test Automation
28 272 (7.84%) Scrum
29 270 (7.78%) Docker

C
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 88 (2.54%) Confluence
2 63 (1.82%) Elasticsearch
3 60 (1.73%) Apache Spark
4 51 (1.47%) SharePoint
5 50 (1.44%) Apache
6 33 (0.95%) IIS
7 32 (0.92%) WebSphere
8 31 (0.89%) SAS
9 30 (0.86%) Tomcat
10 27 (0.78%) ArcGIS
11 24 (0.69%) CMS
12 23 (0.66%) JBoss
13 22 (0.63%) CICS
13 22 (0.63%) OpenStack
14 15 (0.43%) nginx
14 15 (0.43%) SharePoint 2013
15 12 (0.35%) Oracle Spatial
16 11 (0.32%) GeoServer
16 11 (0.32%) Jupyter
16 11 (0.32%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 132 (3.81%) Microsoft Office
2 81 (2.33%) Microsoft Excel
3 61 (1.76%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 28 (0.81%) Spreadsheet
5 21 (0.61%) MS Visio
6 20 (0.58%) Simulink
7 17 (0.49%) SPSS
8 13 (0.37%) Microsoft Project
9 11 (0.32%) OrCAD
9 11 (0.32%) Sketch
10 6 (0.17%) Adobe XD
11 5 (0.14%) S-PLUS
12 4 (0.12%) ProjectWise
13 3 (0.086%) Abaqus
13 3 (0.086%) AutoCAD
13 3 (0.086%) InVision
13 3 (0.086%) Mathcad
13 3 (0.086%) Photoshop
13 3 (0.086%) SOLIDWORKS
14 2 (0.058%) Marvel
Business Applications
1 29 (0.84%) SAP CRM
2 22 (0.63%) Dynamics NAV
3 15 (0.43%) Dynamics AX
4 11 (0.32%) SAP S/4HANA
5 10 (0.29%) Primavera
5 10 (0.29%) Workday HCM
6 9 (0.26%) Magento
6 9 (0.26%) SAP SD
7 8 (0.23%) SAP GTS
8 7 (0.20%) Oracle Applications
9 6 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
10 5 (0.14%) Oracle HRMS
10 5 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 5 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
11 4 (0.12%) Infor M3
11 4 (0.12%) NetSuite
11 4 (0.12%) Northgate Housing
12 2 (0.058%) GoldMine
12 2 (0.058%) Oracle BRM
12 2 (0.058%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 346 (9.97%) AWS
2 260 (7.49%) Azure
3 89 (2.57%) GCP
4 72 (2.08%) Office 365
5 68 (1.96%) SaaS
6 51 (1.47%) GitHub
7 36 (1.04%) OpenShift
8 35 (1.01%) Serverless
9 34 (0.98%) Amazon EC2
10 33 (0.95%) AWS CloudFormation
10 33 (0.95%) Power Platform
11 29 (0.84%) Amazon EKS
11 29 (0.84%) Cloud Computing
12 27 (0.78%) Amazon ECS
13 25 (0.72%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 24 (0.69%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 23 (0.66%) Amazon S3
16 22 (0.63%) AWS Lambda
17 19 (0.55%) AWS Fargate
17 19 (0.55%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 175 (5.04%) Wireless
2 173 (4.99%) TCP/IP
3 128 (3.69%) Internet
4 89 (2.57%) Bluetooth
5 78 (2.25%) Firewall
6 62 (1.79%) DNS
7 53 (1.53%) Ethernet
8 52 (1.50%) LTE
9 50 (1.44%) VPN
10 46 (1.33%) DHCP
11 35 (1.01%) LAN
12 34 (0.98%) HTTP
12 34 (0.98%) Wi-Fi
13 33 (0.95%) MQTT
14 30 (0.86%) WAN
15 27 (0.78%) Network Security
15 27 (0.78%) Software-Defined Radio
16 23 (0.66%) 3GPP
16 23 (0.66%) RS-232
17 22 (0.63%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 142 (4.09%) Big Data
2 123 (3.55%) MySQL
3 111 (3.20%) Relational Database
4 107 (3.08%) SQL Server
5 82 (2.36%) Hadoop
6 77 (2.22%) NoSQL
6 77 (2.22%) Redis
7 72 (2.08%) MongoDB
8 68 (1.96%) PostgreSQL
9 39 (1.12%) DB2
10 34 (0.98%) Oracle Database
11 28 (0.81%) Power BI
12 25 (0.72%) QlikView
13 23 (0.66%) BusinessObjects
14 22 (0.63%) Neo4j
14 22 (0.63%) RDBMS
14 22 (0.63%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 21 (0.61%) Azure SQL Database
15 21 (0.61%) Data Warehouse
15 21 (0.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 380 (10.95%) Git (software)
2 251 (7.24%) JIRA
3 216 (6.23%) Jenkins
4 98 (2.83%) Visual Studio
5 71 (2.05%) Subversion
6 69 (1.99%) Maven
7 65 (1.87%) Selenium
8 57 (1.64%) Eclipse
9 52 (1.50%) Bitbucket
10 41 (1.18%) Cucumber
11 40 (1.15%) JUnit
12 38 (1.10%) JMeter
12 38 (1.10%) Xcode
13 37 (1.07%) git-flow
14 35 (1.01%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 32 (0.92%) SoapUI
16 28 (0.81%) LoadRunner
17 27 (0.78%) Rational DOORS
17 27 (0.78%) TeamCity
18 24 (0.69%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 525 (15.13%) Finance
2 302 (8.71%) Electronics
3 198 (5.71%) Telecoms
4 173 (4.99%) Manufacturing
5 152 (4.38%) Retail
6 140 (4.04%) Marketing
7 130 (3.75%) Automotive
8 121 (3.49%) Aerospace
9 111 (3.20%) Banking
10 104 (3.00%) Public Sector
11 90 (2.59%) Military
12 66 (1.90%) Games
12 66 (1.90%) Legal
13 52 (1.50%) Law
14 37 (1.07%) Advertising
15 34 (0.98%) Pharmaceutical
16 22 (0.63%) Local Government
17 14 (0.40%) Billing
18 13 (0.37%) Police
19 12 (0.35%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 809 (23.32%) Software Engineer
2 686 (19.78%) Developer
3 372 (10.72%) Embedded Engineer
4 300 (8.65%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 248 (7.15%) Senior Software Engineer
6 218 (6.28%) Consultant
7 217 (6.26%) Software Developer
8 160 (4.61%) C++ Software Engineer
9 159 (4.58%) Analyst
10 151 (4.35%) Architect
11 125 (3.60%) Senior Developer
12 117 (3.37%) Firmware Engineer
13 110 (3.17%) Systems Engineer
14 104 (3.00%) C Software Engineer
15 101 (2.91%) Graduate
16 98 (2.83%) C# Developer
16 98 (2.83%) Junior
17 96 (2.77%) .NET Developer
18 82 (2.36%) C++ Developer
19 80 (2.31%) Embedded C Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 387 (11.16%) .NET
2 193 (5.56%) HTML
3 148 (4.27%) REST
4 146 (4.21%) CSS
5 136 (3.92%) AngularJS
6 133 (3.83%) Node.js
7 121 (3.49%) Web Services
8 105 (3.03%) React
9 81 (2.33%) ASP.NET
9 81 (2.33%) JSON
10 79 (2.28%) XML
11 77 (2.22%) HTML5
12 74 (2.13%) Spring
13 70 (2.02%) Middleware
14 68 (1.96%) Kafka
15 64 (1.84%) RESTful
16 60 (1.73%) .NET Framework
17 58 (1.67%) .NET Core
18 50 (1.44%) Qt
19 49 (1.41%) WinForms
Miscellaneous
1 373 (10.75%) Analytical Skills
2 273 (7.87%) Algorithms
3 195 (5.62%) Self-Motivation
4 177 (5.10%) Embedded Systems
5 172 (4.96%) User Experience
6 149 (4.30%) Management Information System
7 106 (3.06%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
8 70 (2.02%) Greenfield Project
9 64 (1.84%) Mobile App
10 63 (1.82%) Robotics
11 59 (1.70%) VHDL
12 53 (1.53%) Linux Command Line
13 45 (1.30%) Public Cloud
14 43 (1.24%) Verilog
15 42 (1.21%) Virtual Team
16 40 (1.15%) CAN bus
16 40 (1.15%) Device Driver
17 39 (1.12%) Internet of Things
18 37 (1.07%) Data Structures
19 32 (0.92%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 845 (24.36%) Linux
2 513 (14.79%) Windows
3 208 (6.00%) Unix
4 133 (3.83%) Android
5 110 (3.17%) Apple iOS
6 88 (2.54%) Windows Server
7 86 (2.48%) Embedded Linux
8 59 (1.70%) Windows 10
9 53 (1.53%) Ubuntu
10 52 (1.50%) CentOS
11 39 (1.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 37 (1.07%) Mac OS
13 26 (0.75%) FreeRTOS
13 26 (0.75%) tvOS
14 21 (0.61%) Solaris
15 19 (0.55%) Fedora
15 19 (0.55%) VxWorks
16 13 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
17 12 (0.35%) Debian
18 11 (0.32%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,173 (33.81%) Software Engineering
2 813 (23.44%) Agile Software Development
3 554 (15.97%) Problem-Solving
4 368 (10.61%) Computer Science
5 341 (9.83%) DevOps
6 337 (9.71%) Project Management
7 304 (8.76%) Mathematics
8 272 (7.84%) Scrum
8 272 (7.84%) Test Automation
9 255 (7.35%) Cybersecurity
10 248 (7.15%) Analytics
11 246 (7.09%) Mentoring
12 245 (7.06%) SDLC
13 194 (5.59%) Continuous Integration
14 180 (5.19%) Machine Learning
15 177 (5.10%) ITIL
16 163 (4.70%) OO
17 158 (4.55%) Open Source
18 152 (4.38%) Data Science
19 147 (4.24%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 1,499 (43.21%) C++
2 955 (27.53%) Python
3 854 (24.62%) Java
4 723 (20.84%) C#
5 454 (13.09%) SQL
6 449 (12.94%) JavaScript
7 379 (10.93%) Embedded C
8 183 (5.28%) Bash Shell
9 171 (4.93%) Go
10 142 (4.09%) PHP
11 124 (3.57%) PowerShell
12 106 (3.06%) Embedded C++
13 105 (3.03%) Perl
14 92 (2.65%) MATLAB
15 79 (2.28%) Assembly Language
16 78 (2.25%) Ruby
17 72 (2.08%) Ada
18 69 (1.99%) R
19 65 (1.87%) VB
20 64 (1.84%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 900 (25.94%) Degree
2 413 (11.91%) Security Cleared
3 245 (7.06%) SC Cleared
4 199 (5.74%) DV Cleared
5 145 (4.18%) Computer Science Degree
6 80 (2.31%) Microsoft Certification
7 63 (1.82%) Chartered Engineer
8 62 (1.79%) CISSP
9 57 (1.64%) Cisco Certification
10 56 (1.61%) PhD
11 47 (1.35%) HND
12 44 (1.27%) CCNA
13 39 (1.12%) ISTQB
14 38 (1.10%) SANS
15 31 (0.89%) MCSE
15 31 (0.89%) Numerate Degree
16 29 (0.84%) HNC
16 29 (0.84%) PMI Certification
16 29 (0.84%) PMP
17 27 (0.78%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 100 (2.88%) QA
2 40 (1.15%) IEC 61508
3 32 (0.92%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 30 (0.86%) Def Stans
4 30 (0.86%) HAZOP
4 30 (0.86%) SLA
5 25 (0.72%) GDPR
5 25 (0.72%) PMO
6 24 (0.69%) MISRA
7 23 (0.66%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 18 (0.52%) JSP 440
9 16 (0.46%) DICOM
10 13 (0.37%) Data Quality
11 10 (0.29%) Actionable Recommendations
11 10 (0.29%) MISRA C
12 9 (0.26%) CESG Infosec
12 9 (0.26%) ISO 9001
13 8 (0.23%) NIST
14 7 (0.20%) COBIT
14 7 (0.20%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 288 (8.30%) Firmware
2 270 (7.78%) Docker
3 82 (2.36%) VMware Infrastructure
4 77 (2.22%) Active Directory
5 31 (0.89%) VMware ESXi
6 25 (0.72%) vSphere
7 21 (0.61%) NFS
8 20 (0.58%) VirtualBox
9 17 (0.49%) Xen
10 16 (0.46%) Samba
11 14 (0.40%) ACF2
11 14 (0.40%) RACF
12 13 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
13 10 (0.29%) BitLocker
13 10 (0.29%) Virtual Desktop
14 9 (0.26%) Hyper-V
15 5 (0.14%) Apache Flume
15 5 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 4 (0.12%) Kamailio
16 4 (0.12%) LXC
Systems Management
1 117 (3.37%) Kubernetes
2 106 (3.06%) Ansible
3 70 (2.02%) Puppet
4 50 (1.44%) Terraform
5 42 (1.21%) Opscode Chef
6 28 (0.81%) SCCM
7 27 (0.78%) vCenter Server
8 24 (0.69%) SCOM
9 23 (0.66%) Nagios
10 22 (0.63%) BMC PATROL
11 21 (0.61%) Microsoft Intune
12 18 (0.52%) SELinux
12 18 (0.52%) ZABBIX
13 17 (0.49%) Docker Swarm
14 16 (0.46%) OpenNMS
15 13 (0.37%) PowerCLI
16 12 (0.35%) Kibana
17 11 (0.32%) Cisco CUCM
18 10 (0.29%) HP Quality Center
18 10 (0.29%) Salt
Vendors
1 319 (9.20%) Microsoft
2 143 (4.12%) Oracle
3 102 (2.94%) VMware
4 85 (2.45%) SAP
5 79 (2.28%) Google
6 73 (2.10%) Cisco
7 63 (1.82%) Red Hat
8 60 (1.73%) Apple
9 51 (1.47%) Atlassian
10 39 (1.12%) Splunk
11 35 (1.01%) Dell
11 35 (1.01%) EMC
11 35 (1.01%) IBM
12 34 (0.98%) Salesforce.com
13 33 (0.95%) HP
13 33 (0.95%) NetApp
14 30 (0.86%) Tableau
15 29 (0.84%) Xamarin
16 23 (0.66%) Renesas
17 22 (0.63%) hybris