Period
to 31 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 31 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK > England
6 months to
31 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 82 106 132
Rank change year-on-year +24 +26 +58
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 3,820 1,881 3,559
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.80% 3.00% 2.68%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.04% 3.23% 2.89%
Number of salaries quoted 2,050 1,644 2,717
10th Percentile £37,500 £40,000 £35,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £46,750 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £65,000
75th Percentile £87,500 £87,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £105,000 £105,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year - +4.00% +4.17%

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 94,493 58,146 123,145
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 93.95% 92.87% 92.67%
Number of salaries quoted 65,203 47,617 99,123
10th Percentile £32,750 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £76,250 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £93,750 £91,250 £87,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in England

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Artificial Intelligence in England.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in England

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Artificial Intelligence in England over the 6 months to 31 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in England

Artificial Intelligence
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the England region over the 6 months to 31 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +22 2,491 £75,000 - 257
South East -24 470 £52,500 -4.55% 62
South West +11 220 £51,000 +2.00% 47
North of England +2 209 £55,000 +4.76% 72
East of England +22 194 £40,000 -27.27% 47
Midlands -24 159 £57,500 +4.55% 34
North West +19 152 £55,000 +10.00% 45
West Midlands -26 125 £57,500 +9.52% 27
Yorkshire -50 51 £55,000 -2.22% 21
East Midlands -41 33 £60,000 +26.32% 7
North East -28 6 £45,000 -16.28% 6
Artificial Intelligence
UK

For the 6 months to 31 July 2021, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 1,739 (45.52%) Machine Learning
2 1,671 (43.74%) Python
3 1,475 (38.61%) Agile Software Development
4 1,320 (34.55%) AWS
5 1,235 (32.33%) Data Science
6 1,225 (32.07%) Software Engineering
7 1,117 (29.24%) Analytics
8 951 (24.90%) Docker
9 948 (24.82%) SQL
10 936 (24.50%) JavaScript
11 912 (23.87%) Azure
12 836 (21.88%) Big Data
13 815 (21.34%) Kubernetes
14 807 (21.13%) Finance
15 767 (20.08%) DevOps
16 755 (19.76%) GCP
17 754 (19.74%) React
18 746 (19.53%) Java
19 734 (19.21%) Social Skills
20 668 (17.49%) Degree
21 645 (16.88%) Microservices
22 568 (14.87%) Computer Science
23 542 (14.19%) Full Stack Development
24 494 (12.93%) User Experience
25 466 (12.20%) Node.js
26 459 (12.02%) C#
27 437 (11.44%) Scrum
28 434 (11.36%) Algorithms
29 425 (11.13%) Test Automation
30 421 (11.02%) Problem-Solving

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 280 (7.33%) Apache Spark
2 219 (5.73%) Elasticsearch
3 110 (2.88%) Confluence
4 85 (2.23%) Apache
5 80 (2.09%) Apache Airflow
6 44 (1.15%) CMS
7 38 (0.99%) SAS
8 28 (0.73%) SharePoint
9 19 (0.50%) IBM Domino
9 19 (0.50%) Tomcat
10 17 (0.45%) Gunicorn
10 17 (0.45%) nginx
11 12 (0.31%) WordPress
12 10 (0.26%) Drupal
13 8 (0.21%) IIS
13 8 (0.21%) OpenStack
14 7 (0.18%) Apache Solr
14 7 (0.18%) Jupyter
15 6 (0.16%) Sitecore CMS
15 6 (0.16%) Tornado
Applications
1 72 (1.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 63 (1.65%) Chatbot
3 34 (0.89%) Microsoft Office
4 28 (0.73%) Campfire
5 25 (0.65%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 16 (0.42%) Figma
7 14 (0.37%) MS Visio
7 14 (0.37%) Photoshop
8 13 (0.34%) Simulink
9 12 (0.31%) Adobe Illustrator
9 12 (0.31%) SOLIDWORKS
10 10 (0.26%) Sketch
11 6 (0.16%) Adobe XD
12 5 (0.13%) Fireworks
12 5 (0.13%) Stateflow
13 4 (0.10%) GIMP
13 4 (0.10%) Inkscape
13 4 (0.10%) SPSS
14 3 (0.079%) GNU Octave
14 3 (0.079%) Quicktime
Business Applications
1 10 (0.26%) Primavera
2 9 (0.24%) HFM
2 9 (0.24%) Hyperion Planning
3 5 (0.13%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
3 5 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 4 (0.10%) Adobe Campaign
4 4 (0.10%) FINCAD Analytics
4 4 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
4 4 (0.10%) Summit
5 3 (0.079%) Distributed Ledger
5 3 (0.079%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.079%) Remedy ITSM
6 2 (0.052%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.052%) Workfront
7 1 (0.026%) Maximo
7 1 (0.026%) Oracle BRM
7 1 (0.026%) Remedy AR System
7 1 (0.026%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 1,320 (34.55%) AWS
2 912 (23.87%) Azure
3 755 (19.76%) GCP
4 353 (9.24%) Serverless
5 245 (6.41%) SaaS
6 201 (5.26%) Power Platform
7 160 (4.19%) AWS Lambda
8 106 (2.77%) Amazon EC2
9 104 (2.72%) Snowflake
10 93 (2.43%) Amazon S3
11 90 (2.36%) Amazon ECS
11 90 (2.36%) GitHub
12 86 (2.25%) PaaS
13 80 (2.09%) Amazon EMR
14 73 (1.91%) IBM Cloud
15 72 (1.88%) Cloud Computing
16 46 (1.20%) npm
17 44 (1.15%) Amazon SQS
18 43 (1.13%) Cloud Functions
19 37 (0.97%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 96 (2.51%) Broadband
2 61 (1.60%) Internet
3 42 (1.10%) HTTP
4 33 (0.86%) 5G
5 32 (0.84%) Firewall
6 18 (0.47%) Network Security
7 14 (0.37%) 4G
8 13 (0.34%) SSH
9 7 (0.18%) DNS
9 7 (0.18%) SSL
9 7 (0.18%) TCP/IP
9 7 (0.18%) WAN
10 6 (0.16%) LAN
10 6 (0.16%) MQTT
10 6 (0.16%) Wireless
11 5 (0.13%) VPN
12 4 (0.10%) DSL
12 4 (0.10%) MPLS
13 3 (0.079%) BGP
13 3 (0.079%) RFID
Database & Business Intelligence
1 836 (21.88%) Big Data
2 365 (9.55%) NoSQL
3 314 (8.22%) PostgreSQL
4 220 (5.76%) Hadoop
5 210 (5.50%) MongoDB
6 182 (4.76%) Power BI
7 180 (4.71%) Relational Database
8 162 (4.24%) Data Warehouse
9 151 (3.95%) Tableau
10 150 (3.93%) SQL Server
11 131 (3.43%) Amazon Athena
11 131 (3.43%) MySQL
12 120 (3.14%) Amazon Redshift
13 117 (3.06%) Redis
14 115 (3.01%) Neo4j
15 110 (2.88%) Data Lake
16 94 (2.46%) GIS
17 79 (2.07%) BigQuery
18 76 (1.99%) Electronic Patient Records
19 75 (1.96%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 350 (9.16%) Git (software)
2 283 (7.41%) Jenkins
3 230 (6.02%) JIRA
4 96 (2.51%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 93 (2.43%) Vagrant
6 76 (1.99%) Cypress.io
7 58 (1.52%) webpack
8 48 (1.26%) Bitbucket
9 46 (1.20%) CircleCI
10 35 (0.92%) GitLab
11 31 (0.81%) Babel
11 31 (0.81%) Hudson
12 30 (0.79%) Jasmine
13 29 (0.76%) Gradle
13 29 (0.76%) Visual Studio
14 28 (0.73%) gulp
15 25 (0.65%) Maven
16 24 (0.63%) Mocha
17 22 (0.58%) Appium
17 22 (0.58%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 807 (21.13%) Finance
2 734 (19.21%) Social Skills
3 298 (7.80%) Analytical Skills
4 248 (6.49%) Banking
5 215 (5.63%) Games
6 207 (5.42%) Retail
7 206 (5.39%) Marketing
8 166 (4.35%) Legal
9 143 (3.74%) Presentation Skills
10 137 (3.59%) Law
10 137 (3.59%) Telecoms
11 107 (2.80%) Manufacturing
12 104 (2.72%) Public Sector
13 81 (2.12%) Pharmaceutical
14 70 (1.83%) Influencing Skills
15 58 (1.52%) Front Office
15 58 (1.52%) Investment Banking
16 54 (1.41%) Electronics
17 48 (1.26%) Financial Institution
18 43 (1.13%) Inclusion and Diversity
Job Titles
1 1,075 (28.14%) Developer
2 478 (12.51%) Software Engineer
3 311 (8.14%) Architect
4 284 (7.43%) Data Engineer
5 226 (5.92%) Full Stack Developer
6 223 (5.84%) Senior Developer
7 168 (4.40%) Consultant
8 153 (4.01%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 150 (3.93%) Data Scientist
10 137 (3.59%) Senior Software Engineer
11 132 (3.46%) AWS Engineer
12 120 (3.14%) Python Engineer
13 110 (2.88%) JavaScript Developer
14 108 (2.83%) DevOps Engineer
15 106 (2.77%) Analyst
16 104 (2.72%) Java Developer
16 104 (2.72%) Lead Developer
17 100 (2.62%) Data Architect
17 100 (2.62%) React Developer
18 96 (2.51%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 754 (19.74%) React
2 466 (12.20%) Node.js
3 389 (10.18%) HTML
4 388 (10.16%) CSS
5 380 (9.95%) AngularJS
6 374 (9.79%) .NET
7 330 (8.64%) REST
8 263 (6.88%) Kafka
9 234 (6.13%) Vue.js
10 215 (5.63%) Web Services
11 205 (5.37%) TensorFlow
12 174 (4.55%) HTML5
12 174 (4.55%) Redux
12 174 (4.55%) RESTful
13 162 (4.24%) GraphQL
14 153 (4.01%) PyTorch
15 149 (3.90%) Django
16 145 (3.80%) .NET Core
17 119 (3.12%) NumPy
18 97 (2.54%) scikit-learn
Miscellaneous
1 494 (12.93%) User Experience
2 434 (11.36%) Algorithms
3 153 (4.01%) Hedge funds
4 140 (3.66%) Robotics
5 138 (3.61%) Cloud Native
6 124 (3.25%) Data Structures
7 115 (3.01%) Hybrid Cloud
8 109 (2.85%) Social Media
9 102 (2.67%) Self-Motivation
10 97 (2.54%) Cyberattack
11 93 (2.43%) Greenfield Project
12 81 (2.12%) Mobile App
13 80 (2.09%) Public Cloud
14 72 (1.88%) Pricing Data
15 65 (1.70%) Virtual Team
16 56 (1.47%) Blog
17 55 (1.44%) NHS
18 54 (1.41%) Data Centre
18 54 (1.41%) Fixed Income
18 54 (1.41%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 350 (9.16%) Linux
2 95 (2.49%) Android
3 79 (2.07%) Apple iOS
4 66 (1.73%) Unix
5 65 (1.70%) Windows
6 50 (1.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 43 (1.13%) CentOS
8 18 (0.47%) Embedded Linux
9 12 (0.31%) Ubuntu
10 7 (0.18%) SUSE
11 6 (0.16%) Mesosphere
11 6 (0.16%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.079%) Debian
12 3 (0.079%) Windows 7
12 3 (0.079%) Windows Server
13 2 (0.052%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.052%) Solaris
14 1 (0.026%) Mac OS X
14 1 (0.026%) VMS
14 1 (0.026%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,739 (45.52%) Machine Learning
2 1,475 (38.61%) Agile Software Development
3 1,235 (32.33%) Data Science
4 1,225 (32.07%) Software Engineering
5 1,117 (29.24%) Analytics
6 767 (20.08%) DevOps
7 645 (16.88%) Microservices
8 568 (14.87%) Computer Science
9 542 (14.19%) Full Stack Development
10 437 (11.44%) Scrum
11 425 (11.13%) Test Automation
12 421 (11.02%) Problem-Solving
13 410 (10.73%) Continuous Integration
14 393 (10.29%) Visualisation
15 386 (10.10%) Mentoring
16 341 (8.93%) Data Engineering
17 329 (8.61%) Business Intelligence
18 327 (8.56%) Open Source
19 316 (8.27%) Mathematics
20 304 (7.96%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 1,671 (43.74%) Python
2 948 (24.82%) SQL
3 936 (24.50%) JavaScript
4 746 (19.53%) Java
5 459 (12.02%) C#
6 410 (10.73%) TypeScript
7 324 (8.48%) C++
8 258 (6.75%) Go
9 214 (5.60%) C
10 181 (4.74%) Scala
11 135 (3.53%) R
12 92 (2.41%) ES6
13 84 (2.20%) Bash Shell
14 77 (2.02%) Ruby
15 69 (1.81%) PHP
16 59 (1.54%) Kotlin
16 59 (1.54%) Shell Script
17 48 (1.26%) MATLAB
18 45 (1.18%) PowerShell
19 31 (0.81%) Cython
Qualifications
1 668 (17.49%) Degree
2 246 (6.44%) Computer Science Degree
3 173 (4.53%) PhD
4 146 (3.82%) Security Cleared
5 66 (1.73%) SC Cleared
6 63 (1.65%) Master's Degree
7 36 (0.94%) AWS Certification
8 32 (0.84%) DV Cleared
9 29 (0.76%) BPSS Clearance
10 24 (0.63%) Numerate Degree
11 14 (0.37%) DBS Check
12 13 (0.34%) MBA
12 13 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
13 10 (0.26%) ACCA
14 9 (0.24%) CIMA
14 9 (0.24%) CISSP
14 9 (0.24%) MCSA
14 9 (0.24%) Postgraduate
15 4 (0.10%) Cisco Certification
15 4 (0.10%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 215 (5.63%) QA
2 97 (2.54%) GDPR
3 66 (1.73%) Data Quality
4 41 (1.07%) Accessibility
5 25 (0.65%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 24 (0.63%) WCAG
7 20 (0.52%) GRC
8 14 (0.37%) PMO
9 12 (0.31%) GxP
10 9 (0.24%) Good Clinical Practice
10 9 (0.24%) SLA
11 8 (0.21%) ISO 13485
12 7 (0.18%) HIPAA
12 7 (0.18%) IEC 62304
12 7 (0.18%) ISO 9001
12 7 (0.18%) WAI
13 6 (0.16%) CDISC
14 5 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
14 5 (0.13%) EMIR
14 5 (0.13%) MiFID
System Software
1 951 (24.90%) Docker
2 74 (1.94%) VirtualBox
3 18 (0.47%) Firmware
4 16 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
5 15 (0.39%) VMware Infrastructure
6 7 (0.18%) Active Directory
6 7 (0.18%) Ceph
7 6 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 3 (0.079%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.079%) KVM
8 3 (0.079%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.052%) HDFS
9 2 (0.052%) iptables
9 2 (0.052%) Postfix
9 2 (0.052%) Sendmail
10 1 (0.026%) Slurm Workload Manager
10 1 (0.026%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 815 (21.34%) Kubernetes
2 333 (8.72%) Terraform
3 273 (7.15%) Ansible
4 103 (2.70%) Docker Swarm
5 82 (2.15%) Prometheus
6 73 (1.91%) Puppet
7 64 (1.68%) Grafana
8 60 (1.57%) Opscode Chef
9 26 (0.68%) Consul
9 26 (0.68%) Packer
10 19 (0.50%) Salt
11 18 (0.47%) Graphite
11 18 (0.47%) Nagios
11 18 (0.47%) Opsview
11 18 (0.47%) ZABBIX
12 16 (0.42%) Kubeflow
13 15 (0.39%) Kibana
14 12 (0.31%) Kustomize
15 11 (0.29%) Mesos
16 10 (0.26%) Istio
Vendors
1 366 (9.58%) Google
2 223 (5.84%) Microsoft
3 94 (2.46%) IBM
4 92 (2.41%) Cloudera
5 77 (2.02%) Hortonworks
5 77 (2.02%) Oracle
6 73 (1.91%) Talend
7 71 (1.86%) Databricks
8 68 (1.78%) Informatica
9 54 (1.41%) Red Hat
10 45 (1.18%) Instagram
11 44 (1.15%) SAP
12 43 (1.13%) Yahoo!
13 36 (0.94%) Facebook
14 35 (0.92%) Salesforce.com
15 29 (0.76%) Dell
16 26 (0.68%) YouTube
17 21 (0.55%) VMware
18 20 (0.52%) Adobe
19 19 (0.50%) Cognos