Period
to 21 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 21 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 405 700 1066
Rank change year-on-year +295 +366 +31
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 1,188 500 191
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.74% 0.30% 0.098%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.82% 0.34% 0.11%
Number of salaries quoted 995 474 178
England median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +14.29% +5.00%
10th Percentile £31,250 £32,500 £22,500
90th Percentile £95,750 £90,000 £81,250
UK median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +14.29% +5.00%

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 144,613 148,767 174,099
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 89.84% 89.55% 88.88%
Number of salaries quoted 117,251 123,892 145,802
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,500 £28,000
90th Percentile £81,250 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in England

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence in England.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in England

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence in England over the 6 months to 21 January 2018.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in England

Artificial Intelligence
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the England region over the 6 months to 21 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +145 664 £65,000 +4.00% 100
East of England +148 195 £57,500 -20.69% 42
South East +114 141 £60,000 +41.18% 33
North of England +93 98 £50,000 -4.76% 17
North West +62 78 £50,000 -9.09% 17
South West +45 53 £48,750 +30.00% 4
Midlands +49 36 £33,750 -20.59% 14
West Midlands +17 27 £30,000 -29.41% 10
Yorkshire +39 15 £50,000 -4.76%
East Midlands +33 8 £45,000 +100.00% 3
North East -8 5 £40,000 -
Artificial Intelligence
UK

For the 6 months to 21 January 2018, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the England region with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 828 (69.70%) Machine Learning
2 608 (51.18%) Python
3 448 (37.71%) Java
4 335 (28.20%) C++
5 324 (27.27%) Software Engineering
6 320 (26.94%) Agile Software Development
7 290 (24.41%) Big Data
8 277 (23.32%) PhD
9 275 (23.15%) Algorithms
10 267 (22.47%) Finance
11 255 (21.46%) Natural Language Processing
12 253 (21.30%) Computer Science
13 250 (21.04%) JavaScript
14 244 (20.54%) C#
15 236 (19.87%) Degree
16 223 (18.77%) Analytics
17 220 (18.52%) Deep Learning
18 214 (18.01%) Mathematics
19 191 (16.08%) Apache Spark
20 172 (14.48%) SQL
21 150 (12.63%) R
22 147 (12.37%) Amazon AWS
23 144 (12.12%) Linux
24 143 (12.04%) C
24 143 (12.04%) Microsoft
25 140 (11.78%) Legal
26 134 (11.28%) TDD
27 133 (11.20%) Physics
28 130 (10.94%) Neural Network
29 128 (10.77%) Ruby

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 191 (16.08%) Apache Spark
2 32 (2.69%) Elasticsearch
3 28 (2.36%) Apache
4 22 (1.85%) DNN
5 18 (1.52%) SAS
6 17 (1.43%) Apache Pig
7 15 (1.26%) MS Exchange
8 13 (1.09%) SharePoint
9 11 (0.93%) GeoServer
10 10 (0.84%) Apache Solr
11 5 (0.42%) SharePoint 2013
11 5 (0.42%) Skype for Business
11 5 (0.42%) Tomcat
12 4 (0.34%) EPiServer
12 4 (0.34%) Ethereum
13 3 (0.25%) FileNet
13 3 (0.25%) Hyperledger
13 3 (0.25%) Predix
14 2 (0.17%) Marvel
14 2 (0.17%) Mongoose
Applications
1 22 (1.85%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (0.67%) Photoshop
3 7 (0.59%) Adobe Illustrator
3 7 (0.59%) GNU Octave
3 7 (0.59%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (0.59%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (0.42%) Chatbot
4 5 (0.42%) SPSS
5 3 (0.25%) InVision
6 2 (0.17%) OmniGraffle
6 2 (0.17%) Stata
7 1 (0.084%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.084%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.084%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 4 (0.34%) Remedy ITSM
2 3 (0.25%) Distributed Ledger
2 3 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.17%) HFM
3 2 (0.17%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 2 (0.17%) Relativity
3 2 (0.17%) Ringtail
3 2 (0.17%) SAP BPC
3 2 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
3 2 (0.17%) Veritas eDiscovery
4 1 (0.084%) Capstone
4 1 (0.084%) Cognos Business Intelligence
4 1 (0.084%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.084%) Magento
4 1 (0.084%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.084%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 147 (12.37%) Amazon AWS
2 66 (5.56%) Microsoft Azure
3 28 (2.36%) GitHub
4 22 (1.85%) Google Cloud Platform
5 21 (1.77%) SaaS
6 18 (1.52%) Cloud Computing
7 17 (1.43%) PaaS
8 12 (1.01%) IaaS
9 11 (0.93%) IBM Blueworks
10 10 (0.84%) Azure Machine Learning
11 7 (0.59%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
12 6 (0.51%) Adobe Creative Cloud
12 6 (0.51%) Amazon EC2
13 5 (0.42%) Amazon S3
14 4 (0.34%) Bluemix
14 4 (0.34%) IBM Cloud
15 3 (0.25%) Amazon ELB
15 3 (0.25%) AWS CloudFormation
15 3 (0.25%) Heroku
15 3 (0.25%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 21 (1.77%) Network Security
2 19 (1.60%) TCP/IP
3 16 (1.35%) Internet
4 10 (0.84%) SMTP
5 7 (0.59%) Firewall
5 7 (0.59%) Skype
5 7 (0.59%) VPN
6 5 (0.42%) Intranet
7 3 (0.25%) Intrusion Detection
8 2 (0.17%) HTTP
8 2 (0.17%) Wireless
9 1 (0.084%) DHCP
9 1 (0.084%) DNS
9 1 (0.084%) OpenVPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 290 (24.41%) Big Data
2 118 (9.93%) Hadoop
3 113 (9.51%) MongoDB
4 82 (6.90%) NoSQL
5 81 (6.82%) PostgreSQL
6 61 (5.13%) Apache Cassandra
7 39 (3.28%) Apache Hive
8 38 (3.20%) Relational Database
9 37 (3.11%) SQL Server
10 29 (2.44%) MySQL
11 27 (2.27%) Data Mining
12 21 (1.77%) Amazon Redshift
13 20 (1.68%) Neo4j
14 19 (1.60%) Data Warehouse
15 18 (1.52%) RDBMS
16 16 (1.35%) Blockchain
16 16 (1.35%) Text Mining
17 15 (1.26%) Flink
17 15 (1.26%) QlikView
18 12 (1.01%) Mahout
Development Applications
1 55 (4.63%) Git (software)
2 43 (3.62%) Jenkins
3 38 (3.20%) Selenium
4 33 (2.78%) Cucumber
5 26 (2.19%) WebDriver
6 13 (1.09%) SpecFlow
7 12 (1.01%) JIRA
8 8 (0.67%) Balsamiq Mockups
9 7 (0.59%) Subversion
10 4 (0.34%) Axure RP
10 4 (0.34%) GoCD
10 4 (0.34%) Mercurial
10 4 (0.34%) TeamCity
11 3 (0.25%) Bitbucket
11 3 (0.25%) Dreamweaver
11 3 (0.25%) Selenium IDE
11 3 (0.25%) Team Foundation Server
12 2 (0.17%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 2 (0.17%) JUnit
12 2 (0.17%) Maven
General
1 267 (22.47%) Finance
2 140 (11.78%) Legal
3 100 (8.42%) Banking
4 74 (6.23%) Retail
5 50 (4.21%) Marketing
6 38 (3.20%) Games
7 26 (2.19%) Law
8 23 (1.94%) Telecoms
9 21 (1.77%) Investment Banking
10 19 (1.60%) Retail Banking
11 18 (1.52%) Back Office
12 16 (1.35%) Aerospace
13 15 (1.26%) Financial Institution
14 11 (0.93%) Electronics
14 11 (0.93%) Front Office
14 11 (0.93%) Manufacturing
15 9 (0.76%) Automotive
16 7 (0.59%) Publishing
17 3 (0.25%) Billing
17 3 (0.25%) Cantonese Language
Job Titles
1 287 (24.16%) Developer
2 164 (13.80%) Software Engineer
3 113 (9.51%) Data Scientist
4 110 (9.26%) Software Developer
5 81 (6.82%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 76 (6.40%) Consultant
7 62 (5.22%) Machine Learning Scientist
8 60 (5.05%) Architect
9 55 (4.63%) Java Developer
10 48 (4.04%) Machine Learning Developer
11 46 (3.87%) Graduate
12 44 (3.70%) Developer/Software Engineer
13 42 (3.54%) C++ Developer
13 42 (3.54%) DevOps Engineer
14 40 (3.37%) C++ Software Engineer
15 38 (3.20%) Junior
16 37 (3.11%) Analyst
17 35 (2.95%) .NET Developer
18 32 (2.69%) C++ Software Developer
19 30 (2.53%) Artificial Intelligence Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 255 (21.46%) Natural Language Processing
2 104 (8.75%) Node.js
3 103 (8.67%) HTML
4 99 (8.33%) .NET
5 97 (8.16%) TensorFlow
6 92 (7.74%) CSS
7 86 (7.24%) AngularJS
8 72 (6.06%) React
9 44 (3.70%) Theano
10 38 (3.20%) J2EE
10 38 (3.20%) jQuery
10 38 (3.20%) Kafka
11 33 (2.78%) HTML5
12 32 (2.69%) RabbitMQ
13 31 (2.61%) ASP.NET
13 31 (2.61%) Backbone.js
13 31 (2.61%) Django
13 31 (2.61%) RESTful
14 30 (2.53%) Spring
14 30 (2.53%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 275 (23.15%) Algorithms
2 253 (21.30%) Computer Science
3 123 (10.35%) Analytical Skills
4 121 (10.19%) Robotics
5 98 (8.25%) Greenfield Project
6 86 (7.24%) Cyberthreat
7 78 (6.57%) User Experience
8 50 (4.21%) Fintech
9 49 (4.12%) Smart City
10 37 (3.11%) Tandem
11 35 (2.95%) Mobile App
12 33 (2.78%) Enterprise Software
13 24 (2.02%) Management Information System
14 19 (1.60%) Client/Server
15 17 (1.43%) Data Structures
16 16 (1.35%) Clustering
17 12 (1.01%) Internet of Things
18 10 (0.84%) 3D Graphics
19 8 (0.67%) Linux Command Line
20 7 (0.59%) Cyber Defence
Operating Systems
1 144 (12.12%) Linux
2 31 (2.61%) Windows
3 29 (2.44%) Android
4 17 (1.43%) Apple iOS
5 15 (1.26%) Unix
6 11 (0.93%) Robot Operating System
7 5 (0.42%) Windows 10
7 5 (0.42%) Windows 7
8 2 (0.17%) Solaris
8 2 (0.17%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.084%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 828 (69.70%) Machine Learning
2 324 (27.27%) Software Engineering
3 320 (26.94%) Agile Software Development
4 223 (18.77%) Analytics
5 220 (18.52%) Deep Learning
6 214 (18.01%) Mathematics
7 134 (11.28%) TDD
8 133 (11.20%) Physics
9 130 (10.94%) Neural Network
10 110 (9.26%) DevOps
11 108 (9.09%) Cybersecurity
12 96 (8.08%) Statistics
13 93 (7.83%) Open Source
14 92 (7.74%) Computer Vision
14 92 (7.74%) Information Security
15 91 (7.66%) Reinforcement Learning
16 87 (7.32%) Distributed Algorithms
17 86 (7.24%) Multithreading
18 85 (7.15%) Data Protection
18 85 (7.15%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 608 (51.18%) Python
2 448 (37.71%) Java
3 335 (28.20%) C++
4 250 (21.04%) JavaScript
5 244 (20.54%) C#
6 172 (14.48%) SQL
7 150 (12.63%) R
8 143 (12.04%) C
9 128 (10.77%) Ruby
10 89 (7.49%) MATLAB
11 81 (6.82%) Scala
12 39 (3.28%) Go
13 35 (2.95%) Julia
14 25 (2.10%) Shell Script
15 20 (1.68%) PowerShell
16 17 (1.43%) PHP
17 15 (1.26%) Bash Shell
17 15 (1.26%) Perl
17 15 (1.26%) VB.NET
18 9 (0.76%) Elixir
Qualifications
1 277 (23.32%) PhD
2 236 (19.87%) Degree
3 67 (5.64%) Computer Science Degree
4 36 (3.03%) Master's Degree
5 18 (1.52%) Security Cleared
6 11 (0.93%) Six Sigma Black Belt
7 10 (0.84%) DV Cleared
7 10 (0.84%) Numerate Degree
8 9 (0.76%) CEH
8 9 (0.76%) CISSP
8 9 (0.76%) GCIH
8 9 (0.76%) OSCP
8 9 (0.76%) SANS
9 7 (0.59%) PMP
10 6 (0.51%) GIAC
10 6 (0.51%) Six Sigma Master Black Belt
11 4 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
12 3 (0.25%) CISM
12 3 (0.25%) CSSLP
12 3 (0.25%) MAPM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 55 (4.63%) QA
2 15 (1.26%) ECSS
3 9 (0.76%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.34%) GCP
5 3 (0.25%) GDPR
5 3 (0.25%) GPG13
5 3 (0.25%) HIPAA
5 3 (0.25%) IFRS
5 3 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.25%) Solvency II
6 1 (0.084%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.084%) EMIR
6 1 (0.084%) FATCA
6 1 (0.084%) IFRS 9
6 1 (0.084%) MiFID
6 1 (0.084%) PMO
6 1 (0.084%) SLA
System Software
1 104 (8.75%) Docker
2 10 (0.84%) HDFS
3 6 (0.51%) Snort
4 2 (0.17%) Apache Flume
4 2 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.084%) NFS
Systems Management
1 57 (4.80%) Kubernetes
2 26 (2.19%) Ansible
2 26 (2.19%) Terraform
3 20 (1.68%) Puppet
4 7 (0.59%) Marathon
5 6 (0.51%) Suricata
6 5 (0.42%) Packer
7 4 (0.34%) Graylog
7 4 (0.34%) Hadoop YARN
7 4 (0.34%) Kibana
8 3 (0.25%) Fluentd
8 3 (0.25%) QRadar
8 3 (0.25%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
9 2 (0.17%) EnCase
9 2 (0.17%) FTK
9 2 (0.17%) Netcool
9 2 (0.17%) Opscode Chef
9 2 (0.17%) Rancher
9 2 (0.17%) Tivoli
10 1 (0.084%) linkerd
Vendors
1 143 (12.04%) Microsoft
2 50 (4.21%) Google
3 47 (3.96%) IBM
4 36 (3.03%) Tableau
5 27 (2.27%) Oracle
6 20 (1.68%) VMware
7 18 (1.52%) Adobe
8 17 (1.43%) Blue Prism
8 17 (1.43%) SAP
9 9 (0.76%) Twitter
10 8 (0.67%) Pega
10 8 (0.67%) webMethods
11 6 (0.51%) FireEye
11 6 (0.51%) Fortinet
11 6 (0.51%) Palo Alto
11 6 (0.51%) Sophos
11 6 (0.51%) Sourcefire
11 6 (0.51%) Splunk
11 6 (0.51%) TippingPoint
12 5 (0.42%) Facebook