Period
to 4 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 4 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK > England
6 months to
4 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 102 130 196
Rank change year-on-year +28 +66 +212
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 2,194 3,693 3,011
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.02% 2.72% 1.81%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.27% 2.95% 1.97%
Number of salaries quoted 2,026 2,897 2,714
Median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +8.33% -
10th Percentile £40,000 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £110,000 £105,000 £100,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year - +8.33% -

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 67,171 125,195 153,041
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.35% 92.18% 92.16%
Number of salaries quoted 54,088 99,347 123,869
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,000 £30,000 £29,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +3.09%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in England

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Artificial Intelligence in England.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in England

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Artificial Intelligence in England over the 6 months to 4 July 2020.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in England

Artificial Intelligence
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the England region over the 6 months to 4 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +12 1,319 £75,000 +3.45% 107
South East +35 394 £55,000 +3.77% 44
North of England +17 143 £52,500 +7.69% 30
South West -9 130 £55,000 +4.76% 15
East of England +38 109 £55,000 -6.38% 31
Midlands +48 93 £55,000 +22.22% 13
North West -8 83 £52,500 +10.53% 9
West Midlands +66 80 £57,500 +27.78% 10
Yorkshire +61 50 £52,500 +7.14% 10
East Midlands +23 20 £55,000 +4.76% 3
North East +26 10 £53,750 +19.44% 11
Artificial Intelligence
UK

For the 6 months to 4 July 2020, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 1,079 (49.18%) Machine Learning
2 858 (39.11%) Python
3 822 (37.47%) Agile Software Development
4 660 (30.08%) AWS
5 628 (28.62%) JavaScript
6 561 (25.57%) Software Engineering
7 523 (23.84%) Java
8 507 (23.11%) Analytics
9 505 (23.02%) SQL
10 492 (22.42%) Finance
10 492 (22.42%) Data Science
11 487 (22.20%) Azure
12 443 (20.19%) Docker
13 435 (19.83%) C#
14 411 (18.73%) Degree
15 403 (18.37%) Big Data
16 373 (17.00%) DevOps
17 323 (14.72%) .NET
18 318 (14.49%) Microservices
19 293 (13.35%) Kubernetes
20 280 (12.76%) React
21 270 (12.31%) Computer Science
22 256 (11.67%) Web Services
23 242 (11.03%) Scrum
24 235 (10.71%) HTML
25 231 (10.53%) CSS
26 229 (10.44%) GCP
27 220 (10.03%) AngularJS
28 219 (9.98%) NoSQL
28 219 (9.98%) Linux

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 182 (8.30%) Apache Spark
2 58 (2.64%) Elasticsearch
3 50 (2.28%) Apache
4 31 (1.41%) Confluence
5 28 (1.28%) Apache Airflow
6 23 (1.05%) SAS
7 18 (0.82%) WebSphere
8 17 (0.77%) SharePoint
9 13 (0.59%) CMS
10 12 (0.55%) Jupyter
11 8 (0.36%) Umbraco
11 8 (0.36%) WordPress
12 7 (0.32%) Camunda
12 7 (0.32%) JBoss
12 7 (0.32%) Tomcat
13 6 (0.27%) Apache Solr
13 6 (0.27%) nginx
13 6 (0.27%) OpenStack
14 5 (0.23%) Luigi
14 5 (0.23%) WildFly
Applications
1 59 (2.69%) Chatbot
2 23 (1.05%) Microsoft Excel
3 16 (0.73%) Microsoft Office
4 12 (0.55%) Sketch
5 9 (0.41%) S-PLUS
6 6 (0.27%) InVision
6 6 (0.27%) SPSS
7 5 (0.23%) Photoshop
8 4 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 4 (0.18%) MS Visio
9 3 (0.14%) Adobe XD
9 3 (0.14%) Blender
10 2 (0.091%) GNU Octave
10 2 (0.091%) Stata
11 1 (0.046%) Adobe After Effects
11 1 (0.046%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.046%) EViews
Business Applications
1 55 (2.51%) FINCAD Analytics
2 10 (0.46%) SAP S/4HANA
3 8 (0.36%) Dynamics CRM
4 7 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
4 7 (0.32%) SAP WM
5 5 (0.23%) SAP PP
5 5 (0.23%) SAP SCM
6 3 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
6 3 (0.14%) Tesseract
7 2 (0.091%) Maximo
7 2 (0.091%) SAP BPC
7 2 (0.091%) SAP IBP
8 1 (0.046%) FastStats
8 1 (0.046%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.046%) SAP LE
Cloud Services
1 660 (30.08%) AWS
2 487 (22.20%) Azure
3 229 (10.44%) GCP
4 124 (5.65%) Power Platform
5 112 (5.10%) SaaS
6 74 (3.37%) Serverless
7 69 (3.14%) PaaS
8 55 (2.51%) Cloud Computing
9 49 (2.23%) Office 365
10 41 (1.87%) OpenShift
11 37 (1.69%) IBM Cloud
12 36 (1.64%) GitHub
12 36 (1.64%) IaaS
13 34 (1.55%) Amazon S3
14 33 (1.50%) Amazon SQS
15 32 (1.46%) AWS Lambda
16 31 (1.41%) Amazon EMR
17 25 (1.14%) AWS CloudFormation
18 22 (1.00%) Slack
19 21 (0.96%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 32 (1.46%) Firewall
2 31 (1.41%) Internet
3 17 (0.77%) MPLS
3 17 (0.77%) Wireless
4 16 (0.73%) Network Security
4 16 (0.73%) TCP/IP
5 14 (0.64%) WAN
6 11 (0.50%) LAN
6 11 (0.50%) Wi-Fi
7 10 (0.46%) BGP
8 7 (0.32%) RFID
8 7 (0.32%) Skype
9 6 (0.27%) MQTT
9 6 (0.27%) VLAN
10 5 (0.23%) DNS
10 5 (0.23%) HTTP
10 5 (0.23%) Reverse Proxy
11 4 (0.18%) DSL
11 4 (0.18%) Software-Defined Networking
11 4 (0.18%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 403 (18.37%) Big Data
2 219 (9.98%) NoSQL
3 182 (8.30%) SQL Server
4 168 (7.66%) Hadoop
5 154 (7.02%) MongoDB
6 119 (5.42%) Power BI
7 116 (5.29%) PostgreSQL
8 114 (5.20%) MySQL
9 101 (4.60%) Data Warehouse
10 92 (4.19%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 91 (4.15%) Amazon Athena
12 86 (3.92%) Redis
13 80 (3.65%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 69 (3.14%) Apache Cassandra
15 66 (3.01%) Relational Database
16 63 (2.87%) Amazon Redshift
17 62 (2.83%) Blockchain
18 58 (2.64%) Microsoft Analysis Services
19 47 (2.14%) Data Lake
19 47 (2.14%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 138 (6.29%) Git (software)
2 129 (5.88%) Jenkins
3 66 (3.01%) JIRA
4 62 (2.83%) TeamCity
5 51 (2.32%) Octopus Deploy
6 44 (2.01%) Mocha
7 42 (1.91%) MSBuild
8 38 (1.73%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 37 (1.69%) CircleCI
10 34 (1.55%) Vagrant
11 33 (1.50%) GitLab
12 31 (1.41%) Cucumber
12 31 (1.41%) Maven
13 27 (1.23%) JUnit
14 25 (1.14%) Selenium
14 25 (1.14%) Team Foundation Server
15 17 (0.77%) Visual Studio
15 17 (0.77%) webpack
16 16 (0.73%) Cypress.io
17 15 (0.68%) PowerDesigner
General
1 492 (22.42%) Finance
2 165 (7.52%) Banking
3 156 (7.11%) Front Office
4 133 (6.06%) Retail
5 93 (4.24%) Marketing
6 62 (2.83%) Legal
7 61 (2.78%) Manufacturing
8 46 (2.10%) Law
9 42 (1.91%) Public Sector
10 41 (1.87%) Games
11 38 (1.73%) Aerospace
12 34 (1.55%) Telecoms
13 32 (1.46%) Military
14 27 (1.23%) Pharmaceutical
15 25 (1.14%) Automotive
16 19 (0.87%) Investment Banking
17 17 (0.77%) Back Office
18 15 (0.68%) Advertising
19 12 (0.55%) Electronics
19 12 (0.55%) Police
Job Titles
1 698 (31.81%) Developer
2 227 (10.35%) Software Engineer
3 173 (7.89%) Architect
4 155 (7.06%) Java Developer
5 149 (6.79%) .NET Developer
6 132 (6.02%) Data Engineer
7 126 (5.74%) Data Scientist
8 120 (5.47%) Senior Developer
9 109 (4.97%) Analyst
10 79 (3.60%) Consultant
11 75 (3.42%) Python Developer
12 73 (3.33%) DevOps Engineer
13 65 (2.96%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 62 (2.83%) Python Engineer
15 59 (2.69%) Data Architect
15 59 (2.69%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 56 (2.55%) Software Developer
17 55 (2.51%) C# Developer
18 54 (2.46%) Full Stack Developer
19 53 (2.42%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 323 (14.72%) .NET
2 280 (12.76%) React
3 256 (11.67%) Web Services
4 235 (10.71%) HTML
5 231 (10.53%) CSS
6 220 (10.03%) AngularJS
7 170 (7.75%) Natural Language Processing
8 168 (7.66%) .NET Core
9 161 (7.34%) Node.js
10 129 (5.88%) TensorFlow
11 119 (5.42%) Kafka
12 114 (5.20%) ASP.NET
13 77 (3.51%) Redux
13 77 (3.51%) REST
14 76 (3.46%) .NET Framework
15 74 (3.37%) RESTful
16 70 (3.19%) Spring
17 65 (2.96%) Django
17 65 (2.96%) J2EE
18 64 (2.92%) scikit-learn
Miscellaneous
1 199 (9.07%) Algorithms
2 181 (8.25%) Analytical Skills
3 116 (5.29%) User Experience
4 92 (4.19%) Hedge funds
5 82 (3.74%) Fixed Income
6 78 (3.56%) Greenfield Project
7 76 (3.46%) Derivative
8 71 (3.24%) Robotics
9 51 (2.32%) Blog
9 51 (2.32%) Management Information System
10 49 (2.23%) Data Structures
11 43 (1.96%) Self-Motivation
12 42 (1.91%) Mobile App
13 39 (1.78%) Cloud Native
14 31 (1.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 30 (1.37%) Enterprise Software
16 29 (1.32%) Acoustics
17 27 (1.23%) Life Science
18 24 (1.09%) Linux Command Line
18 24 (1.09%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 219 (9.98%) Linux
2 83 (3.78%) Windows
3 65 (2.96%) Android
4 55 (2.51%) Unix
5 47 (2.14%) Apple iOS
6 15 (0.68%) Windows Server
7 6 (0.27%) Solaris
8 5 (0.23%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.18%) Ubuntu
9 4 (0.18%) Windows Server 2016
9 4 (0.18%) Windows Server 2019
10 3 (0.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 1 (0.046%) Debian
11 1 (0.046%) Robot Operating System
11 1 (0.046%) Windows 7
11 1 (0.046%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,079 (49.18%) Machine Learning
2 822 (37.47%) Agile Software Development
3 561 (25.57%) Software Engineering
4 507 (23.11%) Analytics
5 492 (22.42%) Data Science
6 373 (17.00%) DevOps
7 318 (14.49%) Microservices
8 270 (12.31%) Computer Science
9 242 (11.03%) Scrum
10 207 (9.43%) Data Analytics
11 192 (8.75%) Deep Learning
12 186 (8.48%) Fintech
13 178 (8.11%) Mathematics
14 173 (7.89%) Problem-Solving
15 167 (7.61%) Mentoring
16 159 (7.25%) Business Intelligence
17 151 (6.88%) TDD
18 149 (6.79%) Asset Management
19 132 (6.02%) Test Automation
20 125 (5.70%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 858 (39.11%) Python
2 628 (28.62%) JavaScript
3 523 (23.84%) Java
4 505 (23.02%) SQL
5 435 (19.83%) C#
6 203 (9.25%) C++
7 152 (6.93%) Scala
8 138 (6.29%) R
9 103 (4.69%) Kotlin
10 79 (3.60%) Go
10 79 (3.60%) TypeScript
11 78 (3.56%) C
12 68 (3.10%) PHP
13 66 (3.01%) F#
14 60 (2.73%) ES6
15 37 (1.69%) Java 8
15 37 (1.69%) MATLAB
15 37 (1.69%) PowerShell
16 32 (1.46%) Bash Shell
17 28 (1.28%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 411 (18.73%) Degree
2 128 (5.83%) Security Cleared
3 112 (5.10%) Computer Science Degree
4 98 (4.47%) PhD
5 68 (3.10%) SC Cleared
6 64 (2.92%) DV Cleared
7 45 (2.05%) Master's Degree
8 28 (1.28%) AWS Certification
9 24 (1.09%) Numerate Degree
10 17 (0.77%) CCNP
10 17 (0.77%) Cisco Certification
11 12 (0.55%) CCDP
11 12 (0.55%) MBA
12 11 (0.50%) Postgraduate
13 9 (0.41%) CCNA
14 8 (0.36%) CCIE
14 8 (0.36%) ITIL Certification
15 6 (0.27%) CISSP
15 6 (0.27%) PRINCE2 Certification
16 5 (0.23%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 110 (5.01%) QA
2 50 (2.28%) Data Quality
3 25 (1.14%) GDPR
4 18 (0.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 16 (0.73%) NIST
6 14 (0.64%) NCSC
6 14 (0.64%) NIST 800
7 5 (0.23%) WCAG
8 4 (0.18%) HIPAA
9 3 (0.14%) GxP
9 3 (0.14%) ISO 13485
9 3 (0.14%) PMO
9 3 (0.14%) SLA
10 2 (0.091%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.091%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.046%) Actionable Recommendations
11 1 (0.046%) COBIT
11 1 (0.046%) HL7
11 1 (0.046%) PSD2
System Software
1 443 (20.19%) Docker
2 41 (1.87%) Active Directory
3 35 (1.60%) VirtualBox
4 13 (0.59%) Hyper-V
5 11 (0.50%) VMware Infrastructure
6 7 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 6 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
8 5 (0.23%) vSphere
9 4 (0.18%) Firmware
10 3 (0.14%) Apache Flume
10 3 (0.14%) HDFS
11 2 (0.091%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 293 (13.35%) Kubernetes
2 159 (7.25%) Terraform
3 105 (4.79%) Ansible
4 42 (1.91%) Docker Swarm
5 24 (1.09%) Puppet
6 22 (1.00%) Opscode Chef
7 17 (0.77%) Kibana
8 16 (0.73%) Marathon
8 16 (0.73%) Mesos
9 15 (0.68%) Grafana
10 6 (0.27%) Pingdom
11 5 (0.23%) Istio
11 5 (0.23%) Kubeflow
11 5 (0.23%) Salt
12 3 (0.14%) Prometheus
13 2 (0.091%) Hadoop YARN
13 2 (0.091%) MIIS
13 2 (0.091%) Oozie
13 2 (0.091%) Packer
13 2 (0.091%) Rancher
Vendors
1 189 (8.61%) Microsoft
2 134 (6.11%) Google
3 81 (3.69%) Tableau
4 59 (2.69%) Bloomberg
5 52 (2.37%) Oracle
6 49 (2.23%) IBM
7 46 (2.10%) Cloudera
8 40 (1.82%) Informatica
9 36 (1.64%) Hortonworks
10 33 (1.50%) Cisco
11 26 (1.19%) Databricks
12 25 (1.14%) Talend
13 22 (1.00%) Blue Prism
13 22 (1.00%) SAP
14 20 (0.91%) Splunk
15 18 (0.82%) Salesforce.com
15 18 (0.82%) UiPath
16 17 (0.77%) VMware
17 16 (0.73%) Automation Anywhere
17 16 (0.73%) NVIDIA