Period
to 16 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 16 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 9 8 8
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 +5
Permanent jobs citing Java 17,407 23,721 26,857
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 13.85% 15.63% 15.89%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.70% 28.24% 28.73%
Number of salaries quoted 14,277 19,191 20,710
England median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £102,500 £93,750 £87,500
UK median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 67,732 83,989 93,486
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 53.88% 55.36% 55.32%
Number of salaries quoted 56,282 70,483 77,531
England median annual salary £52,500 £52,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.96% +4.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £29,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% +2.04% +3.16%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java in England.

Salary trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Salary histogram for Java in England

Java
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 9,520 £75,000 +7.14% 1,397
South East -4 3,018 £55,000 +4.76% 357
North of England 0 2,007 £50,000 +7.53% 444
South West -5 1,199 £47,500 -5.00% 227
North West -1 1,153 £52,500 +5.00% 217
Midlands -8 896 £48,400 -3.20% 206
Yorkshire -3 742 £48,000 +6.67% 187
East of England -8 741 £55,000 +4.76% 167
East Midlands -4 449 £50,000 -4.76% 82
West Midlands -20 439 £46,000 -3.16% 124
North East -9 112 £51,819 +15.15% 40
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 8,685 (49.89%) Agile Software Development
2 4,897 (28.13%) Python
3 4,628 (26.59%) JavaScript
4 4,560 (26.20%) Software Engineering
5 4,451 (25.57%) AWS
6 4,157 (23.88%) SQL
7 4,068 (23.37%) Finance
8 3,853 (22.13%) Spring
9 3,709 (21.31%) Microservices
10 3,523 (20.24%) C#
11 3,352 (19.26%) DevOps
12 3,126 (17.96%) Docker
13 3,104 (17.83%) TDD
14 2,872 (16.50%) Test Automation
15 2,689 (15.45%) Linux
16 2,587 (14.86%) Scrum
17 2,440 (14.02%) Web Services
18 2,411 (13.85%) Git (software)
19 2,344 (13.47%) Jenkins
20 2,256 (12.96%) Degree
21 2,223 (12.77%) C++
22 2,206 (12.67%) Kubernetes
23 2,018 (11.59%) Continuous Integration
24 2,008 (11.54%) AngularJS
25 1,985 (11.40%) HTML
26 1,961 (11.27%) Azure
27 1,936 (11.12%) .NET
28 1,921 (11.04%) Java 8
29 1,888 (10.85%) Computer Science
30 1,865 (10.71%) Oracle

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 810 (4.65%) Apache Spark
2 678 (3.89%) Tomcat
3 670 (3.85%) Confluence
4 459 (2.64%) Apache
5 416 (2.39%) Elasticsearch
6 319 (1.83%) JBoss
7 290 (1.67%) WebSphere
8 167 (0.96%) CMS
9 163 (0.94%) WebLogic
10 160 (0.92%) IIS
11 122 (0.70%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 121 (0.70%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 111 (0.64%) Oracle Workflow
14 106 (0.61%) nginx
15 95 (0.55%) Cloud Foundry
16 83 (0.48%) SAS
17 82 (0.47%) Apache Solr
17 82 (0.47%) SharePoint
18 69 (0.40%) Mule
19 67 (0.38%) OpenStack
Applications
1 88 (0.51%) Microsoft Excel
2 78 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
3 56 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 52 (0.30%) MS Visio
5 27 (0.16%) Photoshop
6 22 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
7 19 (0.11%) Chatbot
8 14 (0.080%) Simulink
9 12 (0.069%) Adobe Premiere
10 11 (0.063%) Adobe Illustrator
11 10 (0.057%) EngageOne
12 9 (0.052%) Microsoft Project
13 8 (0.046%) SPSS
14 7 (0.040%) Stateflow
14 7 (0.040%) Zeplin
15 6 (0.034%) InDesign
16 5 (0.029%) Maya
16 5 (0.029%) Sketch
17 4 (0.023%) FileZilla
18 3 (0.017%) ZBrush
Business Applications
1 111 (0.64%) Payment Gateway
2 88 (0.51%) thinkFolio
3 71 (0.41%) Dynamics CRM
4 51 (0.29%) FINCAD Analytics
5 47 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
6 44 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
6 44 (0.25%) Markit EDM
7 42 (0.24%) Magento
8 39 (0.22%) Distributed Ledger
9 37 (0.21%) Front Arena
10 29 (0.17%) LatentZero
11 26 (0.15%) R3 Corda
12 22 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
13 21 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
14 19 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
15 17 (0.098%) SDL Web 8
16 13 (0.075%) PolarLake
17 11 (0.063%) ION MarketView
17 11 (0.063%) Oracle EBS R12
17 11 (0.063%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 4,451 (25.57%) AWS
2 1,961 (11.27%) Azure
3 1,173 (6.74%) GCP
4 750 (4.31%) SaaS
5 626 (3.60%) Serverless
6 535 (3.07%) GitHub
7 470 (2.70%) Amazon EC2
8 462 (2.65%) Amazon S3
9 431 (2.48%) AWS Lambda
10 328 (1.88%) OpenShift
11 282 (1.62%) AWS CloudFormation
12 264 (1.52%) Amazon ECS
13 237 (1.36%) PaaS
14 219 (1.26%) Amazon SQS
15 213 (1.22%) Cloud Computing
16 154 (0.88%) Power Platform
17 133 (0.76%) IaaS
18 73 (0.42%) Boomi
18 73 (0.42%) Slack
19 71 (0.41%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 279 (1.60%) HTTP
2 265 (1.52%) Internet
3 175 (1.01%) Firewall
4 171 (0.98%) TCP/IP
5 79 (0.45%) SSL
6 70 (0.40%) DNS
7 46 (0.26%) VPN
8 36 (0.21%) Broadband
9 35 (0.20%) Wireshark
10 34 (0.20%) HTTPS
10 34 (0.20%) Wireless
11 32 (0.18%) SSH
12 29 (0.17%) Network Security
13 27 (0.16%) SAN
14 26 (0.15%) Bluetooth
14 26 (0.15%) Ethernet
14 26 (0.15%) FTP
15 25 (0.14%) AMQP
15 25 (0.14%) VoIP
16 20 (0.11%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,297 (7.45%) Big Data
2 1,195 (6.87%) SQL Server
3 1,147 (6.59%) NoSQL
4 1,115 (6.41%) MySQL
5 1,003 (5.76%) PostgreSQL
6 978 (5.62%) Relational Database
7 785 (4.51%) Hadoop
8 743 (4.27%) MongoDB
9 392 (2.25%) RDBMS
10 388 (2.23%) Apache Cassandra
11 342 (1.96%) Amazon RDS
12 308 (1.77%) Apache Hive
13 297 (1.71%) Redis
14 288 (1.65%) Data Warehouse
15 269 (1.55%) Oracle Database
16 254 (1.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 248 (1.42%) Blockchain
18 222 (1.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 187 (1.07%) Amazon Redshift
20 173 (0.99%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 2,411 (13.85%) Git (software)
2 2,344 (13.47%) Jenkins
3 1,585 (9.11%) Selenium
4 1,448 (8.32%) JIRA
5 1,333 (7.66%) Maven
6 1,085 (6.23%) Cucumber
7 962 (5.53%) JUnit
8 568 (3.26%) WebDriver
9 499 (2.87%) Gradle
10 472 (2.71%) Subversion
11 428 (2.46%) TeamCity
12 418 (2.40%) Bitbucket
13 352 (2.02%) Eclipse
14 340 (1.95%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 312 (1.79%) JMeter
16 266 (1.53%) GitLab
17 256 (1.47%) Team Foundation Server
18 250 (1.44%) SpecFlow
19 249 (1.43%) Mockito
20 235 (1.35%) Ant
General
1 4,068 (23.37%) Finance
2 1,545 (8.88%) Banking
3 1,050 (6.03%) Front Office
4 898 (5.16%) Retail
5 497 (2.86%) Marketing
6 454 (2.61%) Public Sector
7 394 (2.26%) Games
8 382 (2.19%) Telecoms
9 340 (1.95%) Investment Banking
10 258 (1.48%) Manufacturing
11 205 (1.18%) Law
12 200 (1.15%) Electronics
13 173 (0.99%) Advertising
14 166 (0.95%) Financial Institution
15 164 (0.94%) Back Office
16 139 (0.80%) Automotive
17 91 (0.52%) Legal
18 87 (0.50%) Aerospace
19 79 (0.45%) German Language
20 73 (0.42%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 8,875 (50.99%) Developer
2 5,448 (31.30%) Java Developer
3 2,218 (12.74%) Senior Developer
4 2,108 (12.11%) Software Engineer
5 1,544 (8.87%) Senior Java Developer
6 1,390 (7.99%) Java Engineer
7 973 (5.59%) Software Developer
8 873 (5.02%) Java Software Engineer
9 867 (4.98%) Architect
10 793 (4.56%) DevOps Engineer
11 609 (3.50%) Junior
12 591 (3.40%) Analyst
13 575 (3.30%) Senior Software Engineer
14 513 (2.95%) Java Software Developer
15 502 (2.88%) Lead Developer
16 501 (2.88%) Test Engineer
17 467 (2.68%) Graduate
18 456 (2.62%) AWS Engineer
19 450 (2.59%) Junior Developer
20 430 (2.47%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,853 (22.13%) Spring
2 2,440 (14.02%) Web Services
3 2,008 (11.54%) AngularJS
4 1,985 (11.40%) HTML
5 1,936 (11.12%) .NET
6 1,714 (9.85%) Spring Boot
7 1,695 (9.74%) CSS
8 1,585 (9.11%) REST
9 1,550 (8.90%) React
10 1,538 (8.84%) RESTful
11 1,421 (8.16%) Node.js
12 1,234 (7.09%) J2EE
13 1,165 (6.69%) Hibernate
14 1,033 (5.93%) XML
15 979 (5.62%) Kafka
16 786 (4.52%) JSON
17 767 (4.41%) SOAP
18 635 (3.65%) HTML5
19 584 (3.35%) jQuery
20 452 (2.60%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 1,113 (6.39%) Greenfield Project
2 959 (5.51%) Analytical Skills
3 716 (4.11%) Fixed Income
4 652 (3.75%) User Experience
5 638 (3.67%) Mobile App
6 634 (3.64%) Algorithms
7 617 (3.54%) Derivative
8 568 (3.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 546 (3.14%) Equities
10 544 (3.13%) Enterprise Software
11 412 (2.37%) Hedge funds
12 404 (2.32%) Self-Motivation
13 380 (2.18%) Data Structures
14 311 (1.79%) Public Cloud
15 250 (1.44%) Cloud Native
16 194 (1.11%) Linux Command Line
17 193 (1.11%) Management Information System
18 173 (0.99%) Client/Server
19 158 (0.91%) Virtual Team
20 157 (0.90%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 2,689 (15.45%) Linux
2 1,052 (6.04%) Unix
3 988 (5.68%) Android
4 937 (5.38%) Windows
5 599 (3.44%) Apple iOS
6 168 (0.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 164 (0.94%) CentOS
8 119 (0.68%) Windows Server
9 76 (0.44%) Ubuntu
10 45 (0.26%) Mac OS
11 40 (0.23%) Debian
12 38 (0.22%) Mac OS X
13 35 (0.20%) Mesosphere
14 31 (0.18%) Embedded Linux
15 29 (0.17%) AIX
16 22 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
16 22 (0.13%) zOS
17 21 (0.12%) Windows 7
18 20 (0.11%) MVS
18 20 (0.11%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 8,685 (49.89%) Agile Software Development
2 4,560 (26.20%) Software Engineering
3 3,709 (21.31%) Microservices
4 3,352 (19.26%) DevOps
5 3,104 (17.83%) TDD
6 2,872 (16.50%) Test Automation
7 2,587 (14.86%) Scrum
8 2,018 (11.59%) Continuous Integration
9 1,888 (10.85%) Computer Science
10 1,748 (10.04%) BDD
11 1,687 (9.69%) Mentoring
12 1,638 (9.41%) Problem-Solving
13 1,612 (9.26%) OO
14 1,326 (7.62%) Fintech
15 1,251 (7.19%) SDLC
16 1,233 (7.08%) Analytics
17 1,138 (6.54%) Open Source
18 982 (5.64%) Machine Learning
19 968 (5.56%) E-Commerce
20 921 (5.29%) Asset Management
Programming Languages
1 4,897 (28.13%) Python
2 4,628 (26.59%) JavaScript
3 4,157 (23.88%) SQL
4 3,523 (20.24%) C#
5 2,223 (12.77%) C++
6 1,921 (11.04%) Java 8
7 1,292 (7.42%) Scala
8 944 (5.42%) Ruby
9 902 (5.18%) C
10 878 (5.04%) PHP
11 842 (4.84%) Go
12 839 (4.82%) Kotlin
13 595 (3.42%) Bash Shell
14 513 (2.95%) R
15 471 (2.71%) TypeScript
16 382 (2.19%) PowerShell
17 346 (1.99%) Objective-C
18 328 (1.88%) Perl
19 320 (1.84%) Shell Script
20 313 (1.80%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 2,256 (12.96%) Degree
2 814 (4.68%) Computer Science Degree
3 783 (4.50%) Security Cleared
4 380 (2.18%) SC Cleared
5 280 (1.61%) DV Cleared
6 197 (1.13%) ISTQB
7 138 (0.79%) PhD
8 132 (0.76%) Master's Degree
9 116 (0.67%) ISEB
10 69 (0.40%) CISSP
10 69 (0.40%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 55 (0.32%) Numerate Degree
12 46 (0.26%) AWS Certification
13 38 (0.22%) CISM
14 34 (0.20%) CISA
15 27 (0.16%) Postgraduate
16 25 (0.14%) PMI Certification
17 24 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
18 23 (0.13%) Oracle Certification
19 21 (0.12%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,388 (7.97%) QA
2 93 (0.53%) Data Quality
3 69 (0.40%) GDPR
4 49 (0.28%) SLA
5 22 (0.13%) PSD2
6 20 (0.11%) PCI DSS
7 18 (0.10%) IFRS
7 18 (0.10%) IFRS 9
8 17 (0.098%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 15 (0.086%) HMG Infosec
9 15 (0.086%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 15 (0.086%) JSP 440
10 12 (0.069%) Basel II
11 11 (0.063%) ISO 9001
12 10 (0.057%) COBIT
13 9 (0.052%) Def Stans
13 9 (0.052%) IEC 61131
14 8 (0.046%) PMO
15 7 (0.040%) Cyber Essentials
15 7 (0.040%) PA-DSS
System Software
1 3,126 (17.96%) Docker
2 131 (0.75%) Active Directory
3 79 (0.45%) Virtual Machines
4 71 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
5 67 (0.38%) HDFS
6 49 (0.28%) Firmware
7 38 (0.22%) vSphere
8 37 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 34 (0.20%) Oracle RAC
10 33 (0.19%) vCloud
11 20 (0.11%) Apache Flume
12 19 (0.11%) Forefront TMG
13 18 (0.10%) Hyper-V
14 11 (0.063%) Job Entry Subsystem
15 9 (0.052%) NFS
16 7 (0.040%) OpenSSH
17 5 (0.029%) etcd
17 5 (0.029%) LXC
17 5 (0.029%) OpenIDM
17 5 (0.029%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 2,206 (12.67%) Kubernetes
2 1,030 (5.92%) Ansible
3 974 (5.60%) Terraform
4 768 (4.41%) Puppet
5 661 (3.80%) Opscode Chef
6 131 (0.75%) Mesos
7 130 (0.75%) Prometheus
8 121 (0.70%) Salt
9 118 (0.68%) Kibana
10 102 (0.59%) Grafana
11 94 (0.54%) Docker Swarm
12 88 (0.51%) Marathon
13 86 (0.49%) Consul
14 77 (0.44%) Rancher
15 75 (0.43%) Hadoop YARN
15 75 (0.43%) Packer
16 65 (0.37%) Istio
17 62 (0.36%) Nagios
18 56 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
19 54 (0.31%) Automic
Vendors
1 1,865 (10.71%) Oracle
2 949 (5.45%) Microsoft
3 853 (4.90%) Google
4 387 (2.22%) SAP
5 352 (2.02%) Salesforce.com
6 300 (1.72%) WorldPay
7 266 (1.53%) IBM
8 251 (1.44%) Splunk
9 225 (1.29%) Atlassian
10 192 (1.10%) Adobe
11 191 (1.10%) Red Hat
12 162 (0.93%) MuleSoft
13 145 (0.83%) Bloomberg
13 145 (0.83%) Tableau
14 143 (0.82%) VMware
15 123 (0.71%) Sybase
16 119 (0.68%) Informatica
16 119 (0.68%) Sage
17 118 (0.68%) TIBCO
18 100 (0.57%) HP