Period
to 21 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 21 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
21 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 10 8 9
Rank change year-on-year -2 +1 +1
Permanent jobs citing Java 15,996 21,819 25,428
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 13.99% 15.53% 15.41%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.86% 28.27% 27.57%
Number of salaries quoted 13,118 17,731 20,900
England median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% -
10th Percentile £36,960 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £108,750 £93,750 £88,750
UK median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 61,864 77,187 92,227
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 54.12% 54.94% 55.88%
Number of salaries quoted 51,519 64,436 78,104
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £78,750
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +0.96% +4.00% +5.26%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java in England.

Salary trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 21 February 2020.

Salary histogram for Java in England

Java
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 21 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 8,986 £75,000 +7.14% 1,480
South East -7 2,667 £55,000 +4.76% 403
North of England -2 1,777 £50,000 +1.54% 419
South West -3 1,047 £50,000 - 262
North West -1 948 £52,500 - 203
Midlands -5 868 £50,000 - 274
Yorkshire 0 738 £50,000 +11.11% 178
East of England -6 626 £52,500 -4.55% 206
West Midlands -8 442 £49,362 +9.69% 173
East Midlands -7 424 £55,000 +4.76% 101
North East -27 91 £42,176 -6.28% 38
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 21 February 2020, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 7,793 (48.72%) Agile Software Development
2 4,598 (28.74%) Python
3 4,489 (28.06%) JavaScript
4 4,350 (27.19%) AWS
5 4,228 (26.43%) Software Engineering
6 3,910 (24.44%) Finance
7 3,843 (24.02%) SQL
8 3,449 (21.56%) Spring
9 3,350 (20.94%) C#
10 3,343 (20.90%) Microservices
11 3,137 (19.61%) DevOps
12 2,942 (18.39%) Docker
13 2,818 (17.62%) TDD
14 2,619 (16.37%) Test Automation
15 2,405 (15.04%) Linux
16 2,356 (14.73%) Web Services
17 2,266 (14.17%) Scrum
18 2,190 (13.69%) Git (software)
19 2,184 (13.65%) C++
20 2,144 (13.40%) Jenkins
21 2,111 (13.20%) Kubernetes
22 2,079 (13.00%) Degree
23 2,004 (12.53%) Azure
24 1,902 (11.89%) AngularJS
25 1,808 (11.30%) HTML
26 1,776 (11.10%) Java 8
27 1,771 (11.07%) Continuous Integration
28 1,768 (11.05%) Computer Science
29 1,748 (10.93%) .NET
30 1,662 (10.39%) Oracle

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 715 (4.47%) Apache Spark
2 549 (3.43%) Tomcat
3 473 (2.96%) Confluence
4 423 (2.64%) Apache
5 413 (2.58%) Elasticsearch
6 247 (1.54%) WebSphere
7 238 (1.49%) JBoss
8 160 (1.00%) CMS
9 127 (0.79%) IIS
10 126 (0.79%) WebLogic
11 119 (0.74%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 95 (0.59%) nginx
13 86 (0.54%) Apache Airflow
14 78 (0.49%) Cloud Foundry
15 77 (0.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 76 (0.48%) SAS
17 74 (0.46%) Oracle Workflow
18 62 (0.39%) OpenStack
19 61 (0.38%) Apache Solr
19 61 (0.38%) SharePoint
Applications
1 73 (0.46%) Microsoft Office
2 66 (0.41%) MS Visio
3 65 (0.41%) Microsoft Excel
4 37 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
5 26 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 17 (0.11%) Photoshop
7 14 (0.088%) Chatbot
8 6 (0.038%) Simulink
8 6 (0.038%) Stateflow
9 5 (0.031%) Sketch
10 4 (0.025%) Adobe Illustrator
10 4 (0.025%) SPSS
11 3 (0.019%) Microsoft Project
12 2 (0.013%) Acrobat
12 2 (0.013%) Adobe XD
12 2 (0.013%) InVision
12 2 (0.013%) Maya
12 2 (0.013%) Weka
13 1 (0.006%) 3ds Max
13 1 (0.006%) ZBrush
Business Applications
1 114 (0.71%) FINCAD Analytics
2 79 (0.49%) Payment Gateway
3 52 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
4 45 (0.28%) thinkFolio
5 37 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
6 30 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
6 30 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
7 28 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
8 27 (0.17%) LatentZero
8 27 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
9 26 (0.16%) Magento
10 19 (0.12%) R3 Corda
11 18 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 17 (0.11%) SAP CRM
13 15 (0.094%) Oracle ERP
14 13 (0.081%) Adobe Campaign
14 13 (0.081%) Documaker
15 9 (0.056%) SAP S/4HANA
16 8 (0.050%) Oracle EBS R12
17 7 (0.044%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 4,350 (27.19%) AWS
2 2,004 (12.53%) Azure
3 1,198 (7.49%) GCP
4 631 (3.94%) SaaS
5 540 (3.38%) Serverless
6 454 (2.84%) GitHub
7 435 (2.72%) Amazon S3
8 418 (2.61%) Amazon EC2
9 341 (2.13%) AWS Lambda
10 330 (2.06%) OpenShift
11 243 (1.52%) Amazon ECS
12 238 (1.49%) Amazon SQS
13 215 (1.34%) AWS CloudFormation
14 199 (1.24%) PaaS
15 149 (0.93%) Cloud Computing
16 127 (0.79%) Power Platform
17 126 (0.79%) IaaS
18 80 (0.50%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 78 (0.49%) Amazon EMR
20 66 (0.41%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 249 (1.56%) Internet
2 246 (1.54%) HTTP
3 211 (1.32%) TCP/IP
4 178 (1.11%) Firewall
5 114 (0.71%) DNS
6 81 (0.51%) SSL
7 63 (0.39%) Wireshark
8 41 (0.26%) VPN
9 33 (0.21%) FTP
10 32 (0.20%) Wireless
11 30 (0.19%) SSH
11 30 (0.19%) VoIP
12 28 (0.18%) DHCP
13 24 (0.15%) Software-Defined Networking
14 22 (0.14%) Network Security
14 22 (0.14%) X.509
15 20 (0.13%) Broadband
16 18 (0.11%) SAN
17 17 (0.11%) Ethernet
17 17 (0.11%) Tactical Data Link
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,240 (7.75%) NoSQL
2 1,145 (7.16%) Big Data
3 1,053 (6.58%) PostgreSQL
4 1,037 (6.48%) MySQL
5 1,025 (6.41%) SQL Server
6 911 (5.70%) Relational Database
7 702 (4.39%) Hadoop
8 652 (4.08%) MongoDB
9 344 (2.15%) Apache Cassandra
10 320 (2.00%) Amazon RDS
11 313 (1.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 302 (1.89%) RDBMS
13 294 (1.84%) Redis
14 286 (1.79%) Data Warehouse
15 254 (1.59%) Amazon Redshift
16 237 (1.48%) Apache Hive
17 185 (1.16%) Oracle Database
18 178 (1.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 168 (1.05%) DB2
20 162 (1.01%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 2,190 (13.69%) Git (software)
2 2,144 (13.40%) Jenkins
3 1,341 (8.38%) Selenium
4 1,228 (7.68%) Maven
5 1,191 (7.45%) JIRA
6 917 (5.73%) Cucumber
7 862 (5.39%) JUnit
8 493 (3.08%) WebDriver
9 405 (2.53%) Subversion
10 397 (2.48%) Gradle
11 339 (2.12%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 335 (2.09%) TeamCity
13 321 (2.01%) Eclipse
14 301 (1.88%) Bitbucket
15 249 (1.56%) JMeter
16 242 (1.51%) Team Foundation Server
17 239 (1.49%) GitLab
18 220 (1.38%) Postman
19 216 (1.35%) Mockito
19 216 (1.35%) SoapUI
General
1 3,910 (24.44%) Finance
2 1,637 (10.23%) Banking
3 1,003 (6.27%) Front Office
4 712 (4.45%) Retail
5 430 (2.69%) Marketing
6 428 (2.68%) Public Sector
7 349 (2.18%) Games
8 322 (2.01%) Investment Banking
9 295 (1.84%) Telecoms
10 203 (1.27%) Manufacturing
11 197 (1.23%) Financial Institution
12 191 (1.19%) Law
13 169 (1.06%) Electronics
14 148 (0.93%) Back Office
15 127 (0.79%) Legal
16 115 (0.72%) Automotive
17 107 (0.67%) Advertising
18 80 (0.50%) Aerospace
19 79 (0.49%) Billing
20 60 (0.38%) Military
Job Titles
1 8,031 (50.21%) Developer
2 5,034 (31.47%) Java Developer
3 2,117 (13.23%) Senior Developer
4 1,974 (12.34%) Software Engineer
5 1,510 (9.44%) Senior Java Developer
6 1,305 (8.16%) Java Engineer
7 882 (5.51%) Software Developer
8 871 (5.45%) Java Software Engineer
9 825 (5.16%) Architect
10 626 (3.91%) DevOps Engineer
10 626 (3.91%) Senior Software Engineer
11 538 (3.36%) Analyst
12 516 (3.23%) Lead Developer
13 500 (3.13%) Junior
14 444 (2.78%) Full Stack Developer
15 419 (2.62%) Graduate
16 411 (2.57%) AWS Developer
17 402 (2.51%) AWS Engineer
18 401 (2.51%) Python Developer
19 400 (2.50%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,449 (21.56%) Spring
2 2,356 (14.73%) Web Services
3 1,902 (11.89%) AngularJS
4 1,808 (11.30%) HTML
5 1,748 (10.93%) .NET
6 1,650 (10.32%) React
7 1,612 (10.08%) Spring Boot
8 1,611 (10.07%) Node.js
9 1,563 (9.77%) CSS
10 1,550 (9.69%) RESTful
11 1,500 (9.38%) REST
12 1,120 (7.00%) J2EE
13 1,065 (6.66%) Hibernate
14 998 (6.24%) Kafka
15 860 (5.38%) XML
16 713 (4.46%) SOAP
17 614 (3.84%) HTML5
18 602 (3.76%) JSON
19 439 (2.74%) jQuery
20 362 (2.26%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 1,021 (6.38%) Greenfield Project
2 893 (5.58%) Analytical Skills
3 711 (4.44%) Fixed Income
4 688 (4.30%) Derivative
5 638 (3.99%) Mobile App
6 601 (3.76%) Hedge funds
7 584 (3.65%) User Experience
8 551 (3.44%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 547 (3.42%) Equities
10 518 (3.24%) Algorithms
11 470 (2.94%) Enterprise Software
12 389 (2.43%) Self-Motivation
13 369 (2.31%) Data Structures
14 333 (2.08%) Public Cloud
15 243 (1.52%) Cloud Native
16 190 (1.19%) Equity Derivative
17 168 (1.05%) Blog
18 158 (0.99%) Linux Command Line
19 142 (0.89%) Management Information System
20 139 (0.87%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 2,405 (15.04%) Linux
2 977 (6.11%) Android
3 933 (5.83%) Unix
4 910 (5.69%) Windows
5 652 (4.08%) Apple iOS
6 149 (0.93%) Mac OS X
7 139 (0.87%) CentOS
8 115 (0.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 110 (0.69%) Windows Server
10 50 (0.31%) Mac OS
10 50 (0.31%) Ubuntu
11 40 (0.25%) Embedded Linux
12 39 (0.24%) Debian
13 27 (0.17%) tvOS
13 27 (0.17%) Windows 7
14 25 (0.16%) Solaris
15 23 (0.14%) Kali Linux
16 20 (0.13%) Mesosphere
17 19 (0.12%) zOS
18 18 (0.11%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,793 (48.72%) Agile Software Development
2 4,228 (26.43%) Software Engineering
3 3,343 (20.90%) Microservices
4 3,137 (19.61%) DevOps
5 2,818 (17.62%) TDD
6 2,619 (16.37%) Test Automation
7 2,266 (14.17%) Scrum
8 1,771 (11.07%) Continuous Integration
9 1,768 (11.05%) Computer Science
10 1,641 (10.26%) OO
11 1,595 (9.97%) Problem-Solving
12 1,593 (9.96%) BDD
13 1,463 (9.15%) Mentoring
14 1,273 (7.96%) Analytics
15 1,264 (7.90%) Fintech
16 1,144 (7.15%) Open Source
17 1,002 (6.26%) SDLC
18 973 (6.08%) Machine Learning
19 896 (5.60%) Continuous Delivery
20 888 (5.55%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 4,598 (28.74%) Python
2 4,489 (28.06%) JavaScript
3 3,843 (24.02%) SQL
4 3,350 (20.94%) C#
5 2,184 (13.65%) C++
6 1,776 (11.10%) Java 8
7 1,164 (7.28%) Scala
8 968 (6.05%) Ruby
9 931 (5.82%) Kotlin
10 857 (5.36%) C
11 836 (5.23%) PHP
12 744 (4.65%) Go
13 525 (3.28%) TypeScript
14 524 (3.28%) Bash Shell
15 450 (2.81%) R
16 320 (2.00%) PL/SQL
17 314 (1.96%) PowerShell
18 309 (1.93%) Objective-C
19 287 (1.79%) Perl
20 270 (1.69%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 2,079 (13.00%) Degree
2 786 (4.91%) Computer Science Degree
3 742 (4.64%) Security Cleared
4 386 (2.41%) SC Cleared
5 265 (1.66%) DV Cleared
6 194 (1.21%) ISTQB
7 135 (0.84%) ISEB
8 120 (0.75%) Master's Degree
9 102 (0.64%) PhD
10 67 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
11 63 (0.39%) AWS Certification
12 43 (0.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 33 (0.21%) Postgraduate
14 30 (0.19%) PMI Certification
15 27 (0.17%) Oracle Certification
16 26 (0.16%) CISSP
17 23 (0.14%) HND
18 22 (0.14%) CISM
19 18 (0.11%) PMP
20 17 (0.11%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,243 (7.77%) QA
2 76 (0.48%) Data Quality
3 38 (0.24%) GDPR
4 36 (0.23%) SLA
5 30 (0.19%) PCI DSS
6 12 (0.075%) PMO
7 10 (0.063%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 8 (0.050%) IFRS
8 8 (0.050%) IFRS 9
8 8 (0.050%) PSD2
9 7 (0.044%) Basel II
9 7 (0.044%) ISO 15022
9 7 (0.044%) ISO 20022
9 7 (0.044%) NCSC
9 7 (0.044%) PA-DSS
10 6 (0.038%) EMIR
10 6 (0.038%) Government Security Classifications
11 5 (0.031%) IEC 61131
11 5 (0.031%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 5 (0.031%) Solvency II
System Software
1 2,942 (18.39%) Docker
2 124 (0.78%) Active Directory
3 86 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
4 60 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
5 58 (0.36%) Firmware
6 56 (0.35%) HDFS
7 53 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 27 (0.17%) vSphere
9 22 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
10 20 (0.13%) Hyper-V
10 20 (0.13%) vCloud
11 17 (0.11%) Postfix
12 14 (0.088%) Apache Flume
13 13 (0.081%) ACF2
13 13 (0.081%) RACF
14 8 (0.050%) NFS
14 8 (0.050%) VirtualBox
15 7 (0.044%) Forefront TMG
15 7 (0.044%) IAG
16 6 (0.038%) OpenIDM
Systems Management
1 2,111 (13.20%) Kubernetes
2 956 (5.98%) Ansible
3 853 (5.33%) Terraform
4 600 (3.75%) Puppet
5 527 (3.29%) Opscode Chef
6 140 (0.88%) Salt
7 109 (0.68%) Grafana
8 103 (0.64%) Prometheus
9 93 (0.58%) Mesos
10 92 (0.58%) Kibana
11 81 (0.51%) Docker Swarm
12 75 (0.47%) Packer
13 70 (0.44%) Rancher
14 65 (0.41%) Consul
15 61 (0.38%) Istio
16 54 (0.34%) Single Sign-On
17 52 (0.33%) Marathon
18 50 (0.31%) Nagios
19 46 (0.29%) Oozie
20 40 (0.25%) Automic
Vendors
1 1,662 (10.39%) Oracle
2 760 (4.75%) Google
3 727 (4.54%) Microsoft
4 364 (2.28%) SAP
5 260 (1.63%) Salesforce.com
6 245 (1.53%) WorldPay
7 225 (1.41%) IBM
8 194 (1.21%) Atlassian
9 183 (1.14%) Splunk
10 172 (1.08%) Adobe
11 158 (0.99%) Red Hat
12 149 (0.93%) MuleSoft
13 140 (0.88%) Bloomberg
13 140 (0.88%) Tableau
14 137 (0.86%) FIS
15 120 (0.75%) Informatica
16 116 (0.73%) VMware
17 92 (0.58%) TIBCO
18 89 (0.56%) Talend
19 88 (0.55%) Sybase