Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 20 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
20 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 13 13 10
Rank change year-on-year 0 -3 -1
Permanent jobs citing Java 19,580 10,504 12,221
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 14.29% 13.03% 14.07%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.39% 23.60% 25.64%
Number of salaries quoted 8,851 8,057 10,151
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
25th Percentile £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +11.54% - +8.33%
75th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £117,500 £105,000 £110,000
UK median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% - +8.33%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 74,197 44,515 47,661
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 54.17% 55.21% 54.89%
Number of salaries quoted 39,407 34,969 40,057
10th Percentile £37,500 £34,266 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £83,750 £76,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £92,500 £90,000
UK median annual salary £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +13.64% - +4.76%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Salary trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Java in England

Java
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 20 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -1 12,614 £85,000 +6.25% 1,081
North of England +4 2,110 £55,000 - 335
South East -2 1,974 £60,000 +4.35% 219
North West +10 1,107 £60,000 +9.09% 206
Midlands +9 1,032 £57,500 +15.00% 169
South West -9 986 £55,000 +4.76% 138
Yorkshire 0 883 £55,000 - 98
West Midlands +11 650 £57,500 +4.55% 108
East of England -10 478 £55,000 -12.00% 113
East Midlands +11 369 £54,255 +8.51% 60
North East -12 124 £50,000 - 32
South Coast - 3 - -
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 20 May 2022, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 10,694 (54.62%) Agile
2 8,034 (41.03%) Python
3 7,731 (39.48%) AWS
4 7,290 (37.23%) Software Engineering
5 6,788 (34.67%) JavaScript
6 5,853 (29.89%) Finance
7 5,642 (28.82%) CI/CD
8 5,525 (28.22%) Kubernetes
9 5,460 (27.89%) Microservices
10 5,377 (27.46%) Docker
11 5,341 (27.28%) DevOps
12 4,772 (24.37%) Spring
13 4,754 (24.28%) Azure
14 4,657 (23.78%) SQL
15 4,550 (23.24%) TDD
16 3,992 (20.39%) React
17 3,950 (20.17%) Test Automation
18 3,888 (19.86%) C#
19 3,817 (19.49%) Git (software)
20 3,738 (19.09%) Social Skills
21 3,684 (18.82%) GCP
22 3,459 (17.67%) Jenkins
23 3,362 (17.17%) Mentoring
24 3,116 (15.91%) Scrum
25 3,025 (15.45%) Kafka
26 2,959 (15.11%) Spring Boot
27 2,753 (14.06%) Problem-Solving
28 2,666 (13.62%) HTML
29 2,643 (13.50%) Full Stack Development
30 2,629 (13.43%) Linux

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,050 (5.36%) Apache Spark
2 730 (3.73%) Elasticsearch
3 681 (3.48%) Apache
4 521 (2.66%) Confluence
5 329 (1.68%) Apache Airflow
6 325 (1.66%) CMS
7 254 (1.30%) Tomcat
8 220 (1.12%) Apache Solr
9 165 (0.84%) nginx
10 140 (0.72%) Cloud Foundry
11 127 (0.65%) WebSphere
12 105 (0.54%) JBoss
13 99 (0.51%) IIS
14 86 (0.44%) Jetty
15 83 (0.42%) SharePoint
16 81 (0.41%) Headless CMS
17 76 (0.39%) OpenStack
18 72 (0.37%) WebLogic
19 64 (0.33%) Apache Pulsar
20 53 (0.27%) SAS
Applications
1 84 (0.43%) Microsoft Excel
2 81 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
3 43 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 34 (0.17%) Chatbot
4 34 (0.17%) MS Visio
5 33 (0.17%) Sketch
6 21 (0.11%) InVision
7 18 (0.092%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 15 (0.077%) CATIA
9 11 (0.056%) Photoshop
10 8 (0.041%) Maple
11 6 (0.031%) Simulink
11 6 (0.031%) Spreadsheet
12 5 (0.026%) Microsoft Project
13 4 (0.020%) Adobe After Effects
14 3 (0.015%) LaTeX
15 2 (0.010%) FileZilla
15 2 (0.010%) Pipeline Pilot
16 1 (0.005%) PTC Creo
16 1 (0.005%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 119 (0.61%) Distributed Ledger
2 88 (0.45%) R3 Corda
3 80 (0.41%) Payment Gateway
4 66 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
5 46 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
6 25 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
7 22 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
8 17 (0.087%) Magento
9 15 (0.077%) SAP Hybris
10 14 (0.072%) Shopify
11 13 (0.066%) Oracle EBS
12 12 (0.061%) NetSuite
12 12 (0.061%) thinkFolio
13 11 (0.056%) Ripple
13 11 (0.056%) Ripple XRP
14 10 (0.051%) Oracle Cash Management
14 10 (0.051%) Oracle Receivables
14 10 (0.051%) Temenos T24
15 9 (0.046%) Oracle General Ledger
15 9 (0.046%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 7,731 (39.48%) AWS
2 4,754 (24.28%) Azure
3 3,684 (18.82%) GCP
4 2,282 (11.65%) Serverless
5 1,147 (5.86%) GitHub
6 988 (5.05%) AWS Lambda
7 849 (4.34%) OpenShift
8 806 (4.12%) SaaS
9 591 (3.02%) Amazon S3
10 564 (2.88%) Cloud Computing
11 557 (2.84%) AWS CloudFormation
12 469 (2.40%) Amazon EC2
13 442 (2.26%) PaaS
14 378 (1.93%) Cloud Functions
15 310 (1.58%) Amazon ECS
16 290 (1.48%) Amazon Kinesis
17 249 (1.27%) Power Platform
18 235 (1.20%) Amazon EKS
19 224 (1.14%) npm
20 206 (1.05%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 576 (2.94%) HTTP
2 471 (2.41%) Internet
3 222 (1.13%) Firewall
4 213 (1.09%) Broadband
5 166 (0.85%) TCP/IP
6 125 (0.64%) Network Security
7 123 (0.63%) DNS
7 123 (0.63%) VoIP
8 96 (0.49%) SSL
9 76 (0.39%) SSH
10 75 (0.38%) MQTT
11 67 (0.34%) AMQP
12 61 (0.31%) VPN
13 59 (0.30%) HTTPS
14 58 (0.30%) Kerberos
15 55 (0.28%) Cisco IPT
15 55 (0.28%) FTP
16 39 (0.20%) PPP
17 36 (0.18%) SNA
18 34 (0.17%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,295 (11.72%) NoSQL
2 2,234 (11.41%) PostgreSQL
3 1,728 (8.83%) MySQL
4 1,712 (8.74%) MongoDB
5 1,610 (8.22%) Big Data
6 1,588 (8.11%) Relational Database
7 1,073 (5.48%) SQL Server
8 768 (3.92%) Redis
9 766 (3.91%) Hadoop
10 724 (3.70%) Apache Cassandra
11 563 (2.88%) BigQuery
12 504 (2.57%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 451 (2.30%) Flink
14 427 (2.18%) Data Warehouse
15 388 (1.98%) Data Lake
16 361 (1.84%) RDBMS
17 305 (1.56%) Amazon Aurora
18 280 (1.43%) Amazon Redshift
19 278 (1.42%) Amazon RDS
20 231 (1.18%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 3,817 (19.49%) Git (software)
2 3,459 (17.67%) Jenkins
3 1,682 (8.59%) JIRA
4 1,570 (8.02%) Maven
5 1,290 (6.59%) JUnit
6 1,227 (6.27%) Selenium
7 1,080 (5.52%) Gradle
8 917 (4.68%) Cucumber
9 640 (3.27%) GitLab
10 606 (3.09%) Mockito
11 501 (2.56%) Postman
12 479 (2.45%) Subversion
13 446 (2.28%) Bitbucket
14 409 (2.09%) JMeter
15 394 (2.01%) Cypress.io
16 338 (1.73%) TeamCity
17 331 (1.69%) CircleCI
18 314 (1.60%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 286 (1.46%) Ant
20 285 (1.46%) Appium
General
1 5,853 (29.89%) Finance
2 3,738 (19.09%) Social Skills
3 1,877 (9.59%) Banking
4 1,480 (7.56%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 1,228 (6.27%) Analytical Skills
6 1,076 (5.50%) Retail
7 1,075 (5.49%) Games
8 954 (4.87%) Manufacturing
9 659 (3.37%) Public Sector
10 630 (3.22%) Marketing
11 549 (2.80%) Front Office
12 466 (2.38%) Law
13 415 (2.12%) Telecoms
14 355 (1.81%) Financial Institution
15 280 (1.43%) Advertising
16 266 (1.36%) Legal
17 262 (1.34%) Automotive
18 207 (1.06%) Investment Banking
19 166 (0.85%) Presentation Skills
20 145 (0.74%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 7,105 (36.29%) Developer
2 4,285 (21.88%) Software Engineer
3 3,677 (18.78%) Java Developer
4 2,118 (10.82%) Java Engineer
5 1,922 (9.82%) Senior Developer
6 1,474 (7.53%) Senior Software Engineer
7 1,210 (6.18%) Software Developer
8 1,208 (6.17%) Senior Java Developer
9 968 (4.94%) Java Software Engineer
10 944 (4.82%) Data Engineer
11 838 (4.28%) DevOps Engineer
12 806 (4.12%) Senior Java Engineer
13 784 (4.00%) Architect
14 617 (3.15%) Full Stack Developer
15 559 (2.85%) Principal Engineer
16 553 (2.82%) Cloud Engineer
17 511 (2.61%) Technical Leader
18 483 (2.47%) AWS Engineer
19 453 (2.31%) Lead Developer
20 437 (2.23%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,772 (24.37%) Spring
2 3,992 (20.39%) React
3 3,025 (15.45%) Kafka
4 2,959 (15.11%) Spring Boot
5 2,666 (13.62%) HTML
6 2,564 (13.09%) REST
7 2,561 (13.08%) Node.js
8 2,440 (12.46%) CSS
9 2,355 (12.03%) AngularJS
10 2,321 (11.85%) .NET
11 2,222 (11.35%) RESTful
12 1,357 (6.93%) Web Services
13 1,262 (6.45%) HTML5
14 1,150 (5.87%) JSON
15 931 (4.75%) Hibernate
16 892 (4.56%) CSS3
17 874 (4.46%) Vue.js
18 782 (3.99%) XML
19 644 (3.29%) GraphQL
20 628 (3.21%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 1,691 (8.64%) Data Structures
2 1,581 (8.07%) Algorithms
3 1,110 (5.67%) Cloud Native
4 1,075 (5.49%) User Experience
5 943 (4.82%) Mobile App
6 811 (4.14%) Life Science
7 714 (3.65%) Greenfield Project
8 577 (2.95%) Self-Motivation
9 556 (2.84%) Enterprise Software
10 513 (2.62%) Public Cloud
11 446 (2.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 430 (2.20%) Hedge funds
13 429 (2.19%) Social Media
14 428 (2.19%) Derivative
15 422 (2.16%) Fixed Income
16 391 (2.00%) Equities
17 380 (1.94%) Linux Command Line
18 376 (1.92%) Blog
19 363 (1.85%) Blockchain
20 308 (1.57%) Cyberattack
Operating Systems
1 2,629 (13.43%) Linux
2 1,129 (5.77%) Android
3 1,090 (5.57%) Unix
4 811 (4.14%) Windows
5 691 (3.53%) Apple iOS
6 99 (0.51%) CentOS
7 96 (0.49%) Mesosphere
8 87 (0.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 80 (0.41%) Ubuntu
10 70 (0.36%) Mac OS
11 62 (0.32%) Mac OS X
12 58 (0.30%) Windows Server
13 51 (0.26%) Embedded Linux
14 41 (0.21%) Debian
15 36 (0.18%) VMS
16 24 (0.12%) AIX
17 9 (0.046%) Solaris
17 9 (0.046%) Windows 10
18 8 (0.041%) Kali Linux
19 7 (0.036%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,694 (54.62%) Agile
2 7,290 (37.23%) Software Engineering
3 5,642 (28.82%) CI/CD
4 5,460 (27.89%) Microservices
5 5,341 (27.28%) DevOps
6 4,550 (23.24%) TDD
7 3,950 (20.17%) Test Automation
8 3,362 (17.17%) Mentoring
9 3,116 (15.91%) Scrum
10 2,753 (14.06%) Problem-Solving
11 2,643 (13.50%) Full Stack Development
12 2,619 (13.38%) Continuous Integration
13 2,250 (11.49%) BDD
14 2,216 (11.32%) OO
15 2,159 (11.03%) Computer Science
16 1,963 (10.03%) Analytics
17 1,845 (9.42%) SDLC
18 1,787 (9.13%) Coaching
19 1,586 (8.10%) Open Source
20 1,583 (8.08%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 8,034 (41.03%) Python
2 6,788 (34.67%) JavaScript
3 4,657 (23.78%) SQL
4 3,888 (19.86%) C#
5 2,141 (10.93%) C++
6 1,998 (10.20%) Kotlin
7 1,919 (9.80%) Go
8 1,796 (9.17%) TypeScript
9 1,656 (8.46%) Scala
10 1,163 (5.94%) Ruby
11 1,015 (5.18%) C
12 860 (4.39%) Bash
13 793 (4.05%) PHP
14 749 (3.83%) PowerShell
15 656 (3.35%) Shell Script
16 477 (2.44%) Perl
17 469 (2.40%) Groovy
18 366 (1.87%) Objective-C
19 266 (1.36%) ES6
20 252 (1.29%) R
Qualifications
1 2,550 (13.02%) Degree
2 1,130 (5.77%) Computer Science Degree
3 888 (4.54%) Security Cleared
4 561 (2.87%) SC Cleared
5 423 (2.16%) Oracle Certification
6 417 (2.13%) OCP
7 394 (2.01%) OCA
8 393 (2.01%) CIW
9 270 (1.38%) Master's Degree
10 174 (0.89%) ISTQB
11 173 (0.88%) PhD
12 95 (0.49%) Numerate Degree
13 83 (0.42%) AWS Certification
13 83 (0.42%) DV Cleared
14 78 (0.40%) CISSP
15 75 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 74 (0.38%) PMI Certification
17 61 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
18 58 (0.30%) (ISC)2 CCSP
19 56 (0.29%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,932 (9.87%) QA
2 397 (2.03%) Accessibility
3 149 (0.76%) Data Quality
4 90 (0.46%) SLA
5 86 (0.44%) GDPR
6 76 (0.39%) PCI DSS
7 29 (0.15%) PMO
8 28 (0.14%) MiFID
9 27 (0.14%) EMIR
10 26 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 19 (0.097%) MISRA
11 19 (0.097%) SOC 2
12 14 (0.072%) NIST
13 13 (0.066%) ISO 13485
14 12 (0.061%) IEC 62304
15 9 (0.046%) CDISC
15 9 (0.046%) PSD2
16 7 (0.036%) IEC 61131
16 7 (0.036%) ISO 9001
16 7 (0.036%) WCAG
System Software
1 5,377 (27.46%) Docker
2 197 (1.01%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 177 (0.90%) Virtual Machines
4 138 (0.70%) VMware Infrastructure
5 86 (0.44%) Apache Flume
6 85 (0.43%) Active Directory
7 44 (0.22%) HDFS
8 38 (0.19%) Firmware
9 22 (0.11%) Hyper-V
10 16 (0.082%) Kamailio
10 16 (0.082%) OpenSIPS
11 14 (0.072%) Virtual Servers
12 12 (0.061%) KVM
12 12 (0.061%) Postfix
13 11 (0.056%) LXC
14 10 (0.051%) ISA Server
15 9 (0.046%) Citrix Hypervisor
16 8 (0.041%) vSphere
17 6 (0.031%) GridGain
17 6 (0.031%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 5,525 (28.22%) Kubernetes
2 1,916 (9.79%) Terraform
3 1,291 (6.59%) Ansible
4 622 (3.18%) Puppet
5 493 (2.52%) Opscode Chef
6 436 (2.23%) Prometheus
7 312 (1.59%) Grafana
8 174 (0.89%) Kibana
9 155 (0.79%) Istio
10 116 (0.59%) Docker Swarm
11 100 (0.51%) Consul
12 96 (0.49%) Automic
13 84 (0.43%) Oozie
14 73 (0.37%) logstash
15 63 (0.32%) Rancher
16 54 (0.28%) Packer
17 52 (0.27%) Single Sign-On
18 49 (0.25%) HP Quality Center
19 31 (0.16%) Hadoop YARN
20 29 (0.15%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 1,991 (10.17%) Google
2 1,713 (8.75%) Microsoft
3 1,678 (8.57%) Oracle
4 366 (1.87%) Twitter
5 289 (1.48%) Databricks
6 287 (1.47%) Splunk
7 273 (1.39%) Salesforce.com
8 195 (1.00%) SAP
9 176 (0.90%) IBM
10 174 (0.89%) Red Hat
11 171 (0.87%) VMware
12 126 (0.64%) Atlassian
13 119 (0.61%) AppDynamics
14 102 (0.52%) New Relic
15 96 (0.49%) MuleSoft
15 96 (0.49%) Snapchat
16 95 (0.49%) Facebook
17 92 (0.47%) LexisNexis
18 88 (0.45%) Cloudera
19 87 (0.44%) Apple