Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 12 10 8
Rank change year-on-year -2 -2 +1
Permanent jobs citing Java 9,985 14,613 21,277
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 13.50% 13.92% 15.42%
As % of the Programming Languages category 24.30% 25.56% 28.23%
Number of salaries quoted 8,134 12,140 17,179
10th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £33,750
25th Percentile £50,000 £46,338 £43,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year - +8.33% +9.09%
75th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £78,750
90th Percentile £102,500 £110,000 £95,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +9.09%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 41,086 57,163 75,377
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.56% 54.44% 54.63%
Number of salaries quoted 33,736 48,072 63,097
10th Percentile £34,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Salary trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Java in England

Java
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 5,392 £77,500 +3.33% 1,041
South East -2 1,386 £57,500 +4.55% 261
North of England -3 1,193 £55,000 +10.00% 368
South West +3 940 £52,000 +4.00% 155
Yorkshire -2 570 £55,000 +10.00% 140
Midlands -4 562 £50,000 - 158
North West -5 471 £55,000 +4.76% 181
West Midlands +2 350 £55,000 +15.79% 125
East of England +8 343 £60,000 +14.29% 104
East Midlands -10 208 £50,000 -4.76% 32
North East +21 152 £50,000 +11.11% 47
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 4,852 (48.59%) Agile Software Development
2 3,439 (34.44%) Python
3 3,172 (31.77%) AWS
4 3,110 (31.15%) JavaScript
5 2,737 (27.41%) Software Engineering
6 2,501 (25.05%) Docker
7 2,480 (24.84%) SQL
8 2,458 (24.62%) DevOps
9 2,422 (24.26%) Microservices
10 2,179 (21.82%) Spring
11 2,065 (20.68%) Finance
12 2,011 (20.14%) Kubernetes
13 1,784 (17.87%) TDD
14 1,721 (17.24%) C#
15 1,667 (16.70%) Azure
16 1,521 (15.23%) Test Automation
17 1,484 (14.86%) Scrum
18 1,482 (14.84%) Jenkins
19 1,348 (13.50%) Linux
20 1,247 (12.49%) Git (software)
21 1,243 (12.45%) Spring Boot
22 1,223 (12.25%) HTML
23 1,220 (12.22%) React
24 1,163 (11.65%) Degree
25 1,138 (11.40%) AngularJS
26 1,087 (10.89%) GCP
27 1,082 (10.84%) CSS
28 1,079 (10.81%) Web Services
29 1,068 (10.70%) Kafka
30 1,050 (10.52%) Node.js

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 387 (3.88%) Confluence
2 383 (3.84%) Apache Spark
3 377 (3.78%) Elasticsearch
4 311 (3.11%) Apache
5 192 (1.92%) Tomcat
6 110 (1.10%) JBoss
7 93 (0.93%) nginx
8 88 (0.88%) CMS
9 79 (0.79%) WebSphere
10 78 (0.78%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 72 (0.72%) SAS
12 57 (0.57%) Red Hat Fuse
13 48 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
14 47 (0.47%) Mule
15 46 (0.46%) Apache Airflow
16 41 (0.41%) WebLogic
17 36 (0.36%) Apache Solr
18 33 (0.33%) IIS
19 29 (0.29%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 29 (0.29%) OpenStack
Applications
1 73 (0.73%) Microsoft Office
2 48 (0.48%) Sketch
3 37 (0.37%) InVision
4 33 (0.33%) Microsoft Excel
5 27 (0.27%) Adobe XD
6 21 (0.21%) Figma
7 20 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
8 8 (0.080%) MS Visio
8 8 (0.080%) Photoshop
8 8 (0.080%) Simulink
8 8 (0.080%) SPSS
8 8 (0.080%) Zeplin
9 7 (0.070%) Adobe Illustrator
9 7 (0.070%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 4 (0.040%) Microsoft Project
11 2 (0.020%) 3ds Max
11 2 (0.020%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 2 (0.020%) Maya
11 2 (0.020%) PrintSoft PReS
11 2 (0.020%) ZBrush
Business Applications
1 22 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
2 15 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.15%) Shopify
3 14 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
4 12 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
5 11 (0.11%) R3 Corda
5 11 (0.11%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 9 (0.090%) Oracle ERP
6 9 (0.090%) PeopleSoft HCM
7 8 (0.080%) Oracle BPM
8 7 (0.070%) SAP Hybris
9 6 (0.060%) SAP Business One
10 5 (0.050%) Magento
10 5 (0.050%) SAP CRM
11 4 (0.040%) Distributed Ledger
11 4 (0.040%) FINCAD Analytics
11 4 (0.040%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
11 4 (0.040%) NetSuite
11 4 (0.040%) Temenos T24
12 3 (0.030%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 3,172 (31.77%) AWS
2 1,667 (16.70%) Azure
3 1,087 (10.89%) GCP
4 547 (5.48%) SaaS
5 504 (5.05%) Serverless
6 308 (3.08%) AWS Lambda
7 288 (2.88%) Amazon EC2
8 275 (2.75%) AWS CloudFormation
9 231 (2.31%) GitHub
10 228 (2.28%) PaaS
11 177 (1.77%) Amazon ECS
12 159 (1.59%) Amazon S3
13 146 (1.46%) Cloud Computing
14 135 (1.35%) IaaS
15 132 (1.32%) OpenShift
16 119 (1.19%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 91 (0.91%) Amazon EKS
18 87 (0.87%) Amazon Kinesis
19 85 (0.85%) Amazon SQS
20 84 (0.84%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 188 (1.88%) HTTP
2 141 (1.41%) Internet
3 72 (0.72%) TCP/IP
4 65 (0.65%) Firewall
5 47 (0.47%) DNS
6 24 (0.24%) AMQP
7 23 (0.23%) FTP
8 19 (0.19%) HTTPS
8 19 (0.19%) Wireless
9 18 (0.18%) SSH
9 18 (0.18%) SSL
10 17 (0.17%) Network Security
11 16 (0.16%) 5G
11 16 (0.16%) SMTP
12 15 (0.15%) IMAP
13 14 (0.14%) VPN
14 11 (0.11%) Bluetooth
14 11 (0.11%) Broadband
14 11 (0.11%) LAN
14 11 (0.11%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 854 (8.55%) PostgreSQL
2 845 (8.46%) NoSQL
3 695 (6.96%) MySQL
4 668 (6.69%) Big Data
5 586 (5.87%) Relational Database
6 570 (5.71%) SQL Server
7 551 (5.52%) MongoDB
8 395 (3.96%) Hadoop
9 273 (2.73%) Redis
10 219 (2.19%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 207 (2.07%) Apache Cassandra
12 162 (1.62%) RDBMS
13 150 (1.50%) Data Warehouse
14 109 (1.09%) Amazon Redshift
15 108 (1.08%) Amazon RDS
16 107 (1.07%) BigQuery
17 103 (1.03%) Blockchain
18 99 (0.99%) Oracle Database
19 97 (0.97%) Apache Hive
20 86 (0.86%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 1,482 (14.84%) Jenkins
2 1,247 (12.49%) Git (software)
3 768 (7.69%) JIRA
4 730 (7.31%) Selenium
5 615 (6.16%) Maven
6 551 (5.52%) Cucumber
7 462 (4.63%) JUnit
8 270 (2.70%) Gradle
9 264 (2.64%) GitLab
10 232 (2.32%) WebDriver
11 184 (1.84%) JMeter
12 171 (1.71%) Mockito
13 154 (1.54%) Appium
14 153 (1.53%) IntelliJ
14 153 (1.53%) Subversion
15 151 (1.51%) Bitbucket
16 145 (1.45%) Postman
17 142 (1.42%) SonarQube
18 132 (1.32%) Artifactory
19 131 (1.31%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 2,065 (20.68%) Finance
2 908 (9.09%) Banking
3 423 (4.24%) Front Office
4 418 (4.19%) Public Sector
5 343 (3.44%) Games
6 294 (2.94%) Retail
7 269 (2.69%) Marketing
8 202 (2.02%) Investment Banking
9 166 (1.66%) Law
10 140 (1.40%) Telecoms
11 128 (1.28%) Electronics
12 122 (1.22%) Manufacturing
13 81 (0.81%) Advertising
13 81 (0.81%) Multimedia
14 80 (0.80%) Legal
15 74 (0.74%) Financial Institution
16 62 (0.62%) Back Office
17 51 (0.51%) Publishing
18 47 (0.47%) Billing
19 45 (0.45%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 4,634 (46.41%) Developer
2 2,626 (26.30%) Java Developer
3 1,474 (14.76%) Software Engineer
4 1,024 (10.26%) Senior Developer
5 921 (9.22%) Java Engineer
6 681 (6.82%) Senior Java Developer
7 501 (5.02%) Java Software Engineer
8 479 (4.80%) Architect
9 443 (4.44%) DevOps Engineer
10 428 (4.29%) Full Stack Developer
11 417 (4.18%) Software Developer
12 352 (3.53%) Senior Software Engineer
13 341 (3.42%) Lead Developer
14 309 (3.09%) Tester
15 299 (2.99%) AWS Engineer
16 284 (2.84%) Data Engineer
17 265 (2.65%) Python Engineer
18 245 (2.45%) Python Developer
19 231 (2.31%) JavaScript Developer
20 224 (2.24%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,179 (21.82%) Spring
2 1,243 (12.45%) Spring Boot
3 1,223 (12.25%) HTML
4 1,220 (12.22%) React
5 1,138 (11.40%) AngularJS
6 1,082 (10.84%) CSS
7 1,079 (10.81%) Web Services
8 1,068 (10.70%) Kafka
9 1,050 (10.52%) Node.js
10 965 (9.66%) REST
11 850 (8.51%) RESTful
12 731 (7.32%) .NET
13 581 (5.82%) Hibernate
14 508 (5.09%) HTML5
15 379 (3.80%) SOAP
16 356 (3.57%) XML
17 354 (3.55%) JSON
18 349 (3.50%) Vue.js
19 275 (2.75%) RabbitMQ
20 267 (2.67%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 603 (6.04%) Analytical Skills
2 557 (5.58%) Greenfield Project
3 415 (4.16%) Mobile App
4 407 (4.08%) Algorithms
4 407 (4.08%) Data Structures
5 387 (3.88%) User Experience
6 314 (3.14%) Fixed Income
7 297 (2.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 272 (2.72%) Equities
9 267 (2.67%) Enterprise Software
10 243 (2.43%) Derivative
10 243 (2.43%) Self-Motivation
11 230 (2.30%) Hedge funds
12 207 (2.07%) Cloud Native
13 154 (1.54%) NHS
14 132 (1.32%) Virtual Team
15 120 (1.20%) Linux Command Line
16 101 (1.01%) Data Centre
17 96 (0.96%) Public Cloud
18 89 (0.89%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 1,348 (13.50%) Linux
2 542 (5.43%) Android
3 440 (4.41%) Windows
4 431 (4.32%) Unix
5 286 (2.86%) Apple iOS
6 128 (1.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 97 (0.97%) CentOS
8 60 (0.60%) Ubuntu
9 31 (0.31%) Windows Server
10 22 (0.22%) Solaris
11 16 (0.16%) Embedded Linux
12 10 (0.10%) CoreOS
12 10 (0.10%) zOS
13 9 (0.090%) Mac OS
13 9 (0.090%) Windows Server 2016
14 5 (0.050%) AIX
14 5 (0.050%) Mac OS X
15 4 (0.040%) VMS
16 3 (0.030%) Oracle Linux
16 3 (0.030%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,852 (48.59%) Agile Software Development
2 2,737 (27.41%) Software Engineering
3 2,458 (24.62%) DevOps
4 2,422 (24.26%) Microservices
5 1,784 (17.87%) TDD
6 1,521 (15.23%) Test Automation
7 1,484 (14.86%) Scrum
8 1,026 (10.28%) OO
9 964 (9.65%) BDD
10 957 (9.58%) Fintech
11 939 (9.40%) Continuous Integration
12 935 (9.36%) Problem-Solving
13 930 (9.31%) Computer Science
14 812 (8.13%) Analytics
15 783 (7.84%) Mentoring
16 632 (6.33%) Open Source
17 631 (6.32%) Software Testing
18 603 (6.04%) SDLC
19 562 (5.63%) OOP
20 494 (4.95%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 3,439 (34.44%) Python
2 3,110 (31.15%) JavaScript
3 2,480 (24.84%) SQL
4 1,721 (17.24%) C#
5 1,047 (10.49%) C++
6 933 (9.34%) Java 8
7 807 (8.08%) Go
8 790 (7.91%) TypeScript
9 756 (7.57%) Scala
10 717 (7.18%) Kotlin
11 476 (4.77%) Ruby
12 437 (4.38%) C
13 417 (4.18%) PHP
14 357 (3.58%) Bash Shell
15 227 (2.27%) Groovy
16 213 (2.13%) PowerShell
17 183 (1.83%) Perl
18 168 (1.68%) PL/SQL
19 159 (1.59%) R
20 148 (1.48%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 1,163 (11.65%) Degree
2 584 (5.85%) Security Cleared
3 458 (4.59%) SC Cleared
4 410 (4.11%) Computer Science Degree
5 117 (1.17%) DV Cleared
6 107 (1.07%) ISTQB
6 107 (1.07%) Oracle Certification
7 106 (1.06%) Numerate Degree
8 97 (0.97%) OCP
9 80 (0.80%) Master's Degree
10 79 (0.79%) CIW
10 79 (0.79%) OCA
11 68 (0.68%) PhD
12 53 (0.53%) ISEB
13 36 (0.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 25 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
15 23 (0.23%) SANS
16 22 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
16 22 (0.22%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
17 17 (0.17%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 701 (7.02%) QA
2 46 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 43 (0.43%) Data Quality
4 36 (0.36%) SLA
5 35 (0.35%) NIST
6 33 (0.33%) GDPR
7 26 (0.26%) WCAG
8 18 (0.18%) MiFID
9 14 (0.14%) PCI DSS
9 14 (0.14%) SOC 2
10 13 (0.13%) GRC
10 13 (0.13%) NCSC
11 12 (0.12%) EMIR
12 10 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 10 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27005
12 10 (0.10%) SOC 1
13 9 (0.090%) Dodd-Frank
14 5 (0.050%) Good Clinical Practice
14 5 (0.050%) PMO
15 4 (0.040%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 2,501 (25.05%) Docker
2 87 (0.87%) VMware Infrastructure
3 73 (0.73%) Active Directory
4 49 (0.49%) HDFS
5 29 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
6 25 (0.25%) Firmware
7 23 (0.23%) KVM
8 20 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 13 (0.13%) Hyper-V
9 13 (0.13%) NDS
9 13 (0.13%) NetIQ eDirectory
10 10 (0.10%) BitLocker
11 9 (0.090%) Postfix
12 8 (0.080%) Apache Flume
13 7 (0.070%) vSphere
14 5 (0.050%) Virtual Servers
14 5 (0.050%) Xen
15 3 (0.030%) OpenAM
15 3 (0.030%) OpenDJ
15 3 (0.030%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 2,011 (20.14%) Kubernetes
2 857 (8.58%) Terraform
3 737 (7.38%) Ansible
4 318 (3.18%) Puppet
5 268 (2.68%) Opscode Chef
6 173 (1.73%) Prometheus
7 143 (1.43%) Grafana
8 48 (0.48%) Packer
9 47 (0.47%) Docker Swarm
9 47 (0.47%) ZABBIX
10 40 (0.40%) Nagios
11 38 (0.38%) HP Quality Center
12 37 (0.37%) Kibana
13 33 (0.33%) Graphite
13 33 (0.33%) Istio
14 31 (0.31%) Consul
15 21 (0.21%) Fortio
15 21 (0.21%) Kiali
16 20 (0.20%) logstash
17 19 (0.19%) Demisto
Vendors
1 923 (9.24%) Oracle
2 543 (5.44%) Microsoft
3 503 (5.04%) Google
4 203 (2.03%) IBM
5 187 (1.87%) Red Hat
6 156 (1.56%) SAP
7 124 (1.24%) MuleSoft
8 118 (1.18%) Splunk
9 112 (1.12%) VMware
10 102 (1.02%) Sybase
11 99 (0.99%) Atlassian
12 94 (0.94%) Salesforce.com
13 90 (0.90%) New Relic
14 79 (0.79%) Apple
15 76 (0.76%) Adobe
15 76 (0.76%) Talend
16 58 (0.58%) TIBCO
17 55 (0.55%) ServiceNow
18 54 (0.54%) SaltStack
19 53 (0.53%) AppDynamics