Period
to 31 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 31 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
31 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 12 9 8
Rank change year-on-year -3 -1 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 6,652 17,480 24,001
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 14.58% 13.84% 15.69%
As % of the Programming Languages category 24.56% 25.71% 28.20%
Number of salaries quoted 6,603 15,271 19,932
Median annual salary £65,000 £63,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.17% +9.57% +4.55%
10th Percentile £41,250 £36,250 £32,500
90th Percentile £110,000 £100,000 £92,500
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £57,500
% change year-on-year +4.00% +8.70% +4.55%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 27,081 67,984 85,125
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 59.34% 53.81% 55.64%
Number of salaries quoted 23,227 56,494 71,256
Median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £91,250 £87,500 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +1.01%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Salary trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 31 October 2020.

Salary histogram for Java in England

Java
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 31 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 3,797 £75,000 - 827
South East 0 1,006 £60,000 +9.09% 208
North of England -4 844 £52,500 +5.00% 237
South West -1 489 £50,000 +1.01% 104
Yorkshire +4 438 £52,500 +10.53% 81
North West -12 301 £52,500 - 122
Midlands -16 246 £52,500 +6.36% 132
East of England -2 193 £55,000 - 76
West Midlands +1 162 £52,500 +10.53% 90
North East +10 104 £49,000 +3.16% 34
East Midlands -24 79 £52,500 +5.00% 42
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 31 October 2020, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 3,071 (46.17%) Agile Software Development
2 2,359 (35.46%) Python
3 2,096 (31.51%) JavaScript
4 2,082 (31.30%) AWS
5 1,671 (25.12%) Software Engineering
6 1,670 (25.11%) SQL
7 1,596 (23.99%) Finance
8 1,498 (22.52%) DevOps
9 1,490 (22.40%) Microservices
10 1,388 (20.87%) Spring
11 1,350 (20.29%) Docker
12 1,126 (16.93%) Azure
13 1,104 (16.60%) Kubernetes
14 1,099 (16.52%) TDD
15 1,074 (16.15%) C#
16 1,041 (15.65%) Web Services
17 1,006 (15.12%) Test Automation
18 952 (14.31%) AngularJS
19 905 (13.60%) Scrum
20 902 (13.56%) React
21 878 (13.20%) Linux
22 844 (12.69%) Jenkins
23 810 (12.18%) Git (software)
24 806 (12.12%) Degree
25 736 (11.06%) Node.js
26 709 (10.66%) Spring Boot
27 689 (10.36%) Continuous Integration
28 683 (10.27%) NoSQL
29 675 (10.15%) C++
30 653 (9.82%) GCP

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 277 (4.16%) Apache Spark
2 264 (3.97%) Apache
3 256 (3.85%) Elasticsearch
4 243 (3.65%) Confluence
5 168 (2.53%) Tomcat
6 104 (1.56%) WebSphere
7 68 (1.02%) SAS
8 58 (0.87%) Cloud Foundry
9 56 (0.84%) WebLogic
10 53 (0.80%) JBoss
11 46 (0.69%) nginx
12 38 (0.57%) CMS
13 32 (0.48%) IIS
14 29 (0.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 29 (0.44%) Oracle Workflow
15 28 (0.42%) Mule
16 19 (0.29%) Red Hat Fuse
17 18 (0.27%) Apache Airflow
18 15 (0.23%) BizTalk Server
18 15 (0.23%) SharePoint
Applications
1 15 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (0.14%) MS Visio
4 8 (0.12%) Chatbot
4 8 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (0.12%) Sketch
5 7 (0.11%) Adobe XD
5 7 (0.11%) Figma
5 7 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
6 3 (0.045%) Maya
6 3 (0.045%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.030%) Blender
7 2 (0.030%) S-PLUS
8 1 (0.015%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 1 (0.015%) Simulink
8 1 (0.015%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 47 (0.71%) Distributed Ledger
2 45 (0.68%) R3 Corda
3 33 (0.50%) Remedy ITSM
4 25 (0.38%) Payment Gateway
5 23 (0.35%) SAP Hybris
6 15 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
6 15 (0.23%) SAP GTS
7 12 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
8 9 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
9 8 (0.12%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 8 (0.12%) Magento
9 8 (0.12%) Sentinel
10 7 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
11 6 (0.090%) Oracle EBS
12 4 (0.060%) FINCAD Analytics
12 4 (0.060%) Front Arena
12 4 (0.060%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 3 (0.045%) Oracle Cash Management
13 3 (0.045%) Temenos T24
14 2 (0.030%) SAP FI-CA
Cloud Services
1 2,082 (31.30%) AWS
2 1,126 (16.93%) Azure
3 653 (9.82%) GCP
4 348 (5.23%) Serverless
5 334 (5.02%) SaaS
6 276 (4.15%) AWS Lambda
7 221 (3.32%) Amazon EC2
8 159 (2.39%) GitHub
9 151 (2.27%) PaaS
10 150 (2.25%) Amazon S3
11 119 (1.79%) IaaS
12 117 (1.76%) OpenShift
13 108 (1.62%) Amazon ECS
14 98 (1.47%) AWS CloudFormation
15 77 (1.16%) Power Platform
16 75 (1.13%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 69 (1.04%) Apigee
18 65 (0.98%) Cloud Computing
19 53 (0.80%) Amazon SQS
20 48 (0.72%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 132 (1.98%) HTTP
2 67 (1.01%) Internet
3 65 (0.98%) TCP/IP
4 62 (0.93%) Firewall
5 56 (0.84%) DNS
6 31 (0.47%) FTP
7 25 (0.38%) VPN
8 24 (0.36%) HTTPS
9 23 (0.35%) SSH
10 19 (0.29%) AMQP
11 17 (0.26%) SMTP
12 14 (0.21%) Bluetooth
13 13 (0.20%) Kerberos
13 13 (0.20%) Wireless
14 12 (0.18%) SSL
15 11 (0.17%) Broadband
15 11 (0.17%) IMAP
16 10 (0.15%) 5G
16 10 (0.15%) Network Security
17 9 (0.14%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 683 (10.27%) NoSQL
2 541 (8.13%) Big Data
3 520 (7.82%) PostgreSQL
4 437 (6.57%) MySQL
5 422 (6.34%) SQL Server
6 349 (5.25%) MongoDB
7 302 (4.54%) Hadoop
8 286 (4.30%) Relational Database
9 185 (2.78%) Apache Cassandra
10 174 (2.62%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 158 (2.38%) Data Warehouse
12 133 (2.00%) Amazon Redshift
13 132 (1.98%) Redis
14 119 (1.79%) Blockchain
15 113 (1.70%) Apache Hive
16 96 (1.44%) Oracle Database
17 77 (1.16%) RDBMS
18 72 (1.08%) Power BI
19 66 (0.99%) BusinessObjects
20 63 (0.95%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 844 (12.69%) Jenkins
2 810 (12.18%) Git (software)
3 544 (8.18%) Selenium
4 526 (7.91%) JIRA
5 363 (5.46%) Cucumber
6 352 (5.29%) Maven
7 344 (5.17%) JUnit
8 166 (2.50%) GitLab
9 163 (2.45%) Subversion
10 153 (2.30%) WebDriver
11 144 (2.16%) Mockito
12 134 (2.01%) Gradle
13 119 (1.79%) Appium
14 104 (1.56%) Artifactory
15 103 (1.55%) SoapUI
16 99 (1.49%) Bitbucket
17 90 (1.35%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 82 (1.23%) Mercurial
19 81 (1.22%) TeamCity
20 77 (1.16%) JMeter
General
1 1,596 (23.99%) Finance
2 586 (8.81%) Banking
3 479 (7.20%) Front Office
4 201 (3.02%) Public Sector
5 176 (2.65%) Investment Banking
6 163 (2.45%) Retail
7 128 (1.92%) Games
8 117 (1.76%) Marketing
9 103 (1.55%) Telecoms
10 86 (1.29%) Law
11 83 (1.25%) Back Office
12 74 (1.11%) Advertising
13 73 (1.10%) Manufacturing
14 45 (0.68%) Electronics
15 36 (0.54%) Financial Institution
16 28 (0.42%) Publishing
17 26 (0.39%) Legal
17 26 (0.39%) Retail Banking
18 16 (0.24%) Italian Language
19 14 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 3,254 (48.92%) Developer
2 1,777 (26.71%) Java Developer
3 928 (13.95%) Software Engineer
4 628 (9.44%) Senior Developer
5 579 (8.70%) Java Engineer
6 466 (7.01%) Architect
7 409 (6.15%) Senior Java Developer
8 324 (4.87%) Python Developer
9 310 (4.66%) Java Software Engineer
10 306 (4.60%) DevOps Engineer
11 292 (4.39%) Lead Developer
12 290 (4.36%) Full Stack Developer
13 285 (4.28%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 284 (4.27%) Python Engineer
15 247 (3.71%) Software Developer
16 203 (3.05%) Data Engineer
17 200 (3.01%) AWS Engineer
18 193 (2.90%) Python Software Engineer
19 185 (2.78%) Tester
20 180 (2.71%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,388 (20.87%) Spring
2 1,041 (15.65%) Web Services
3 952 (14.31%) AngularJS
4 902 (13.56%) React
5 736 (11.06%) Node.js
6 709 (10.66%) Spring Boot
7 640 (9.62%) .NET
8 598 (8.99%) REST
9 593 (8.91%) Kafka
10 586 (8.81%) HTML
11 558 (8.39%) RESTful
12 537 (8.07%) CSS
13 386 (5.80%) Vue.js
14 312 (4.69%) Hibernate
15 273 (4.10%) XML
16 272 (4.09%) SOAP
17 259 (3.89%) J2EE
18 242 (3.64%) JSON
19 209 (3.14%) RabbitMQ
20 174 (2.62%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 453 (6.81%) Fixed Income
2 440 (6.61%) Hedge funds
3 386 (5.80%) Greenfield Project
4 382 (5.74%) Derivative
5 326 (4.90%) Analytical Skills
6 304 (4.57%) Algorithms
7 296 (4.45%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 283 (4.25%) Equities
9 280 (4.21%) Mobile App
10 198 (2.98%) Data Structures
11 166 (2.50%) Self-Motivation
12 157 (2.36%) User Experience
13 144 (2.16%) Cloud Native
14 138 (2.07%) Public Cloud
15 118 (1.77%) Enterprise Software
16 96 (1.44%) Management Information System
17 78 (1.17%) Virtual Team
18 75 (1.13%) Credit Derivative
19 54 (0.81%) NHS
20 52 (0.78%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 878 (13.20%) Linux
2 402 (6.04%) Android
3 331 (4.98%) Unix
4 271 (4.07%) Windows
5 246 (3.70%) Apple iOS
6 69 (1.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 64 (0.96%) CentOS
8 32 (0.48%) Ubuntu
9 29 (0.44%) Windows Server
10 22 (0.33%) AIX
11 16 (0.24%) CoreOS
12 15 (0.23%) Mac OS
13 14 (0.21%) VMS
14 11 (0.17%) zOS
15 9 (0.14%) Mac OS X
16 6 (0.090%) Solaris
17 4 (0.060%) Debian
17 4 (0.060%) Mesosphere
18 3 (0.045%) Data ONTAP
18 3 (0.045%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,071 (46.17%) Agile Software Development
2 1,671 (25.12%) Software Engineering
3 1,498 (22.52%) DevOps
4 1,490 (22.40%) Microservices
5 1,099 (16.52%) TDD
6 1,006 (15.12%) Test Automation
7 905 (13.60%) Scrum
8 689 (10.36%) Continuous Integration
9 628 (9.44%) Computer Science
10 615 (9.25%) BDD
11 601 (9.03%) OO
12 583 (8.76%) Fintech
13 506 (7.61%) Asset Management
13 506 (7.61%) Mentoring
14 492 (7.40%) Problem-Solving
15 476 (7.16%) Open Source
16 466 (7.01%) Analytics
17 399 (6.00%) SDLC
18 360 (5.41%) Machine Learning
19 329 (4.95%) Investment Management
Programming Languages
1 2,359 (35.46%) Python
2 2,096 (31.51%) JavaScript
3 1,670 (25.11%) SQL
4 1,074 (16.15%) C#
5 675 (10.15%) C++
6 613 (9.22%) Kotlin
7 585 (8.79%) Java 8
8 493 (7.41%) Scala
9 468 (7.04%) Go
10 389 (5.85%) TypeScript
11 342 (5.14%) Ruby
12 298 (4.48%) C
13 274 (4.12%) PHP
14 202 (3.04%) Bash Shell
15 193 (2.90%) R
16 160 (2.41%) Shell Script
17 151 (2.27%) Perl
18 145 (2.18%) PowerShell
19 139 (2.09%) Apple Swift
20 111 (1.67%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 806 (12.12%) Degree
2 437 (6.57%) Security Cleared
3 307 (4.62%) SC Cleared
4 270 (4.06%) Computer Science Degree
5 139 (2.09%) DV Cleared
6 96 (1.44%) ISTQB
7 73 (1.10%) Master's Degree
8 71 (1.07%) ISEB
9 66 (0.99%) Numerate Degree
10 59 (0.89%) PhD
11 57 (0.86%) Sun Certification
12 30 (0.45%) BPSS Clearance
13 21 (0.32%) ISEB Practitioner
14 20 (0.30%) AWS Certification
15 16 (0.24%) HND
15 16 (0.24%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 16 (0.24%) TOGAF Certification
16 15 (0.23%) CISSP
17 14 (0.21%) CFA
17 14 (0.21%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 412 (6.19%) QA
2 50 (0.75%) NIST
3 41 (0.62%) SLA
4 38 (0.57%) GDPR
5 27 (0.41%) Data Quality
6 19 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 17 (0.26%) COBIT
8 8 (0.12%) MiFID
9 7 (0.11%) PCI DSS
9 7 (0.11%) PMO
10 5 (0.075%) EMIR
11 4 (0.060%) Dodd-Frank
11 4 (0.060%) NCSC
11 4 (0.060%) PSD2
12 3 (0.045%) ISO 13485
12 3 (0.045%) ISO 20022
12 3 (0.045%) ISO 9001
12 3 (0.045%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 3 (0.045%) TARGET2
12 3 (0.045%) WCAG
System Software
1 1,350 (20.29%) Docker
2 69 (1.04%) VMware Infrastructure
3 68 (1.02%) HDFS
4 60 (0.90%) Active Directory
5 23 (0.35%) vSphere
6 17 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 14 (0.21%) Hyper-V
7 14 (0.21%) NFS
8 13 (0.20%) Postfix
8 13 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
9 12 (0.18%) Firmware
9 12 (0.18%) XenApp
10 9 (0.14%) VirtualBox
11 8 (0.12%) NDS
11 8 (0.12%) NetIQ eDirectory
12 6 (0.090%) BitLocker
12 6 (0.090%) GlusterFS
13 4 (0.060%) LXC
14 3 (0.045%) Apache Flume
14 3 (0.045%) GPFS
Systems Management
1 1,104 (16.60%) Kubernetes
2 578 (8.69%) Terraform
3 466 (7.01%) Ansible
4 218 (3.28%) Puppet
5 177 (2.66%) Opscode Chef
6 99 (1.49%) Grafana
7 55 (0.83%) Prometheus
8 50 (0.75%) Istio
9 41 (0.62%) Kibana
10 38 (0.57%) ZABBIX
11 27 (0.41%) Single Sign-On
12 24 (0.36%) Nagios
13 22 (0.33%) logstash
14 20 (0.30%) Packer
15 19 (0.29%) HP Quality Center
16 18 (0.27%) Data Guard
16 18 (0.27%) Docker Swarm
16 18 (0.27%) Oracle RMAN
17 17 (0.26%) NetIQ Identity Manager
17 17 (0.26%) Opsview
Vendors
1 489 (7.35%) Oracle
2 403 (6.06%) Google
3 246 (3.70%) Microsoft
4 144 (2.16%) SAP
5 120 (1.80%) IBM
6 111 (1.67%) Salesforce.com
7 110 (1.65%) Splunk
8 96 (1.44%) ServiceNow
9 91 (1.37%) Red Hat
10 80 (1.20%) MuleSoft
11 77 (1.16%) VMware
12 69 (1.04%) Talend
13 60 (0.90%) Atlassian
13 60 (0.90%) Informatica
14 57 (0.86%) New Relic
15 55 (0.83%) Cloudera
16 40 (0.60%) Remedy
17 38 (0.57%) Adobe
18 36 (0.54%) Xamarin
19 35 (0.53%) HP