Period
to 21 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 21 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
21 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 8 9 9
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 +4
Permanent jobs citing Java 21,120 25,325 24,514
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 15.34% 15.24% 15.19%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.17% 27.03% 27.80%
Number of salaries quoted 16,983 20,888 20,813
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 74,977 93,705 88,169
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 54.47% 56.38% 54.63%
Number of salaries quoted 61,967 79,206 76,054
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +3.26%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java in England.

Salary trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 21 April 2019.

Salary histogram for Java in England

Java
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 21 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 10,924 £70,000 +7.69% 1,302
South East +5 3,988 £52,500 +5.00% 335
North of England -2 2,374 £49,242 +3.67% 319
Midlands -2 1,390 £47,500 +5.56% 179
South West 0 1,379 £50,000 +5.26% 147
North West -3 1,251 £52,500 +10.53% 175
East of England -4 1,063 £55,000 +10.00% 148
Yorkshire 0 890 £45,000 -5.26% 112
East Midlands +3 722 £50,000 +5.26% 64
West Midlands -5 672 £45,000 - 115
North East +1 229 £45,000 +1.12% 32
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 21 April 2019, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 10,574 (50.07%) Agile Software Development
2 5,893 (27.90%) Python
3 5,776 (27.35%) Software Engineering
4 5,662 (26.81%) JavaScript
5 5,364 (25.40%) SQL
6 4,713 (22.32%) Spring
7 4,602 (21.79%) Finance
8 4,422 (20.94%) C#
9 4,366 (20.67%) Amazon AWS
10 3,917 (18.55%) TDD
11 3,816 (18.07%) DevOps
12 3,688 (17.46%) Linux
13 3,577 (16.94%) Test Automation
14 3,487 (16.51%) Microservices
15 3,329 (15.76%) Degree
16 3,294 (15.60%) C++
17 3,133 (14.83%) Scrum
18 3,132 (14.83%) Docker
19 2,907 (13.76%) HTML
20 2,853 (13.51%) Continuous Integration
21 2,731 (12.93%) Git (software)
22 2,711 (12.84%) Jenkins
23 2,626 (12.43%) Web Services
24 2,554 (12.09%) Computer Science
25 2,529 (11.97%) AngularJS
26 2,411 (11.42%) .NET
27 2,367 (11.21%) Oracle
28 2,268 (10.74%) OO
29 2,246 (10.63%) Java 8
30 2,238 (10.60%) CSS

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,199 (5.68%) Apache Spark
2 936 (4.43%) Apache
3 931 (4.41%) Tomcat
4 833 (3.94%) Elasticsearch
5 642 (3.04%) Confluence
6 475 (2.25%) JBoss
7 368 (1.74%) WebSphere
8 279 (1.32%) WebLogic
9 213 (1.01%) Apache Pig
10 207 (0.98%) Apache Solr
11 199 (0.94%) IIS
12 164 (0.78%) CMS
13 134 (0.63%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 134 (0.63%) Oracle Workflow
14 130 (0.62%) SharePoint
15 128 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 119 (0.56%) SAS
17 96 (0.45%) nginx
18 79 (0.37%) Jetty
19 76 (0.36%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 130 (0.62%) Microsoft Office
2 113 (0.54%) Microsoft Excel
3 44 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 32 (0.15%) Chatbot
5 20 (0.095%) Microsoft Project
5 20 (0.095%) Photoshop
6 17 (0.080%) Adobe Illustrator
6 17 (0.080%) Fireworks
7 16 (0.076%) Weka
8 11 (0.052%) Maple
8 11 (0.052%) MS Visio
9 9 (0.043%) Spreadsheet
10 8 (0.038%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 8 (0.038%) SOLIDWORKS
11 7 (0.033%) Acrobat
11 7 (0.033%) InDesign
11 7 (0.033%) SPSS
12 6 (0.028%) HipChat
12 6 (0.028%) InVision
13 4 (0.019%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 146 (0.69%) thinkFolio
2 83 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
3 60 (0.28%) Payment Gateway
4 48 (0.23%) Magento
5 47 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
6 45 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
7 43 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
8 42 (0.20%) Front Arena
8 42 (0.20%) Markit EDM
9 40 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 38 (0.18%) Oracle Applications
11 36 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
12 28 (0.13%) R3 Corda
12 28 (0.13%) Summit
12 28 (0.13%) Temenos T24
13 27 (0.13%) Oracle EBS R12
14 23 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
14 23 (0.11%) SDL Web 8
15 21 (0.099%) SAP ERP
16 16 (0.076%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 4,366 (20.67%) Amazon AWS
2 2,071 (9.81%) Microsoft Azure
3 1,078 (5.10%) Google Cloud Platform
4 822 (3.89%) SaaS
5 601 (2.85%) GitHub
6 482 (2.28%) Serverless
7 428 (2.03%) Cloud Computing
8 332 (1.57%) Amazon EC2
9 330 (1.56%) AWS Lambda
10 309 (1.46%) PaaS
11 305 (1.44%) Amazon S3
12 292 (1.38%) OpenShift
13 245 (1.16%) AWS CloudFormation
14 154 (0.73%) IaaS
15 136 (0.64%) npm
16 134 (0.63%) Amazon SQS
17 128 (0.61%) IBM Cloud
18 122 (0.58%) Amazon EMR
19 103 (0.49%) Office 365
20 96 (0.45%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 458 (2.17%) HTTP
2 402 (1.90%) Internet
3 265 (1.25%) TCP/IP
4 212 (1.00%) Firewall
5 188 (0.89%) DNS
6 103 (0.49%) SSL
7 99 (0.47%) Wireless
8 88 (0.42%) Network Security
9 63 (0.30%) Bluetooth
10 54 (0.26%) Broadband
11 52 (0.25%) AMQP
12 50 (0.24%) VPN
13 45 (0.21%) Modbus
14 44 (0.21%) RS-485
15 42 (0.20%) VoIP
16 41 (0.19%) DHCP
17 39 (0.18%) SSH
18 36 (0.17%) FTP
19 31 (0.15%) LAN
19 31 (0.15%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,943 (9.20%) NoSQL
2 1,927 (9.12%) Big Data
3 1,559 (7.38%) SQL Server
4 1,420 (6.72%) MySQL
5 1,391 (6.59%) Hadoop
6 1,239 (5.87%) MongoDB
7 1,161 (5.50%) Relational Database
8 1,097 (5.19%) PostgreSQL
9 809 (3.83%) Apache Cassandra
10 524 (2.48%) Apache Hive
11 489 (2.32%) HBase
12 466 (2.21%) RDBMS
13 436 (2.06%) Amazon Redshift
14 384 (1.82%) Redis
15 359 (1.70%) Oracle Database
16 358 (1.70%) Data Warehouse
17 312 (1.48%) Blockchain
18 247 (1.17%) Impala
19 227 (1.07%) Amazon RDS
20 217 (1.03%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 2,731 (12.93%) Git (software)
2 2,711 (12.84%) Jenkins
3 1,908 (9.03%) Selenium
4 1,769 (8.38%) JIRA
4 1,769 (8.38%) Maven
5 1,385 (6.56%) Cucumber
6 1,147 (5.43%) JUnit
7 738 (3.49%) Gradle
8 656 (3.11%) Subversion
9 632 (2.99%) WebDriver
10 412 (1.95%) SoapUI
11 398 (1.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 390 (1.85%) TeamCity
13 377 (1.79%) Eclipse
14 374 (1.77%) JMeter
15 352 (1.67%) Mockito
16 332 (1.57%) Bitbucket
17 289 (1.37%) Team Foundation Server
18 273 (1.29%) Visual Studio
19 269 (1.27%) Ant
General
1 4,602 (21.79%) Finance
2 1,960 (9.28%) Banking
3 853 (4.04%) Retail
4 681 (3.22%) Front Office
5 668 (3.16%) Games
6 617 (2.92%) Marketing
7 559 (2.65%) Telecoms
8 376 (1.78%) Investment Banking
9 364 (1.72%) Law
10 357 (1.69%) Manufacturing
11 243 (1.15%) Electronics
12 229 (1.08%) Military
13 225 (1.07%) Advertising
14 186 (0.88%) Back Office
15 177 (0.84%) Financial Institution
15 177 (0.84%) Publishing
16 163 (0.77%) Legal
17 138 (0.65%) Automotive
18 112 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
19 94 (0.45%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 10,385 (49.17%) Developer
2 6,574 (31.13%) Java Developer
3 2,534 (12.00%) Software Engineer
4 2,102 (9.95%) Senior Developer
5 1,608 (7.61%) Java Engineer
6 1,500 (7.10%) Senior Java Developer
7 1,404 (6.65%) Architect
8 1,184 (5.61%) Software Developer
9 985 (4.66%) Java Software Engineer
10 869 (4.11%) Analyst
11 777 (3.68%) Junior
12 714 (3.38%) Graduate
13 699 (3.31%) Test Engineer
14 685 (3.24%) DevOps Engineer
15 649 (3.07%) Data Engineer
16 626 (2.96%) Lead Developer
17 624 (2.95%) Senior Software Engineer
18 598 (2.83%) Tester
19 540 (2.56%) Junior Developer
20 532 (2.52%) Graduate Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,713 (22.32%) Spring
2 2,907 (13.76%) HTML
3 2,626 (12.43%) Web Services
4 2,529 (11.97%) AngularJS
5 2,411 (11.42%) .NET
6 2,238 (10.60%) CSS
7 2,055 (9.73%) REST
8 2,053 (9.72%) RESTful
9 1,973 (9.34%) Node.js
10 1,715 (8.12%) Spring Boot
11 1,688 (7.99%) React
12 1,474 (6.98%) Hibernate
13 1,372 (6.50%) Kafka
14 1,306 (6.18%) XML
15 1,234 (5.84%) J2EE
16 1,037 (4.91%) JSON
17 980 (4.64%) HTML5
18 899 (4.26%) SOAP
19 697 (3.30%) jQuery
20 666 (3.15%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 1,606 (7.60%) Fintech
2 1,345 (6.37%) Analytical Skills
3 1,301 (6.16%) Greenfield Project
4 938 (4.44%) Algorithms
5 822 (3.89%) User Experience
6 693 (3.28%) Mobile App
7 574 (2.72%) Derivative
8 557 (2.64%) Enterprise Software
9 544 (2.58%) Fixed Income
10 527 (2.50%) Self-Motivation
11 494 (2.34%) Data Structures
12 488 (2.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 405 (1.92%) Equities
14 393 (1.86%) Hedge funds
15 296 (1.40%) Public Cloud
16 243 (1.15%) Management Information System
17 240 (1.14%) Cloud Native
18 209 (0.99%) Linux Command Line
19 205 (0.97%) Virtual Team
20 179 (0.85%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 3,688 (17.46%) Linux
2 1,350 (6.39%) Windows
3 1,288 (6.10%) Unix
4 1,122 (5.31%) Android
5 749 (3.55%) Apple iOS
6 286 (1.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 233 (1.10%) Windows Server
8 161 (0.76%) Ubuntu
9 160 (0.76%) CentOS
10 72 (0.34%) Solaris
11 67 (0.32%) Mac OS
12 57 (0.27%) Windows 10
13 53 (0.25%) AIX
14 52 (0.25%) Debian
15 51 (0.24%) Fedora
16 46 (0.22%) FreeRTOS
17 43 (0.20%) Mesosphere
18 42 (0.20%) SUSE
19 40 (0.19%) Mac OS X
20 33 (0.16%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,574 (50.07%) Agile Software Development
2 5,776 (27.35%) Software Engineering
3 3,917 (18.55%) TDD
4 3,816 (18.07%) DevOps
5 3,577 (16.94%) Test Automation
6 3,487 (16.51%) Microservices
7 3,133 (14.83%) Scrum
8 2,853 (13.51%) Continuous Integration
9 2,554 (12.09%) Computer Science
10 2,268 (10.74%) OO
11 2,156 (10.21%) BDD
12 1,940 (9.19%) Problem-Solving
13 1,749 (8.28%) Mentoring
14 1,686 (7.98%) Open Source
15 1,634 (7.74%) Analytics
16 1,621 (7.68%) SDLC
17 1,443 (6.83%) Machine Learning
18 1,154 (5.46%) Continuous Delivery
19 1,129 (5.35%) Mathematics
20 1,123 (5.32%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 5,893 (27.90%) Python
2 5,662 (26.81%) JavaScript
3 5,364 (25.40%) SQL
4 4,422 (20.94%) C#
5 3,294 (15.60%) C++
6 2,246 (10.63%) Java 8
7 1,836 (8.69%) Scala
8 1,418 (6.71%) C
9 1,297 (6.14%) Ruby
10 1,092 (5.17%) PHP
11 838 (3.97%) Go
12 742 (3.51%) Bash Shell
13 633 (3.00%) Perl
14 580 (2.75%) Kotlin
15 521 (2.47%) PL/SQL
16 513 (2.43%) TypeScript
17 468 (2.22%) R
18 445 (2.11%) PowerShell
19 379 (1.79%) Objective-C
20 345 (1.63%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 3,329 (15.76%) Degree
2 1,045 (4.95%) Security Cleared
3 1,043 (4.94%) Computer Science Degree
4 583 (2.76%) SC Cleared
5 383 (1.81%) PhD
6 378 (1.79%) DV Cleared
7 288 (1.36%) ISTQB
8 188 (0.89%) ISEB
9 177 (0.84%) Numerate Degree
10 126 (0.60%) Master's Degree
11 88 (0.42%) AWS Certification
12 84 (0.40%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 70 (0.33%) CISSP
14 65 (0.31%) BPSS Clearance
15 63 (0.30%) Microsoft Certification
16 44 (0.21%) TOGAF Certification
17 42 (0.20%) CEH
17 42 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
18 36 (0.17%) DBS Check
18 36 (0.17%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,009 (9.51%) QA
2 184 (0.87%) GDPR
3 135 (0.64%) SLA
4 101 (0.48%) Data Quality
5 87 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 50 (0.24%) PSD2
7 48 (0.23%) MiFID
8 43 (0.20%) HIPAA
9 37 (0.18%) PCI DSS
10 32 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials
11 27 (0.13%) HL7
12 23 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 23 (0.11%) WAI
13 20 (0.095%) PMO
14 17 (0.080%) IFRS
15 12 (0.057%) ISO 9001
16 11 (0.052%) COBIT
16 11 (0.052%) GAMP
17 10 (0.047%) PA-DSS
17 10 (0.047%) SAS 70
System Software
1 3,132 (14.83%) Docker
2 292 (1.38%) Active Directory
3 171 (0.81%) Apache Flume
4 165 (0.78%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 158 (0.75%) HDFS
6 142 (0.67%) VMware Infrastructure
7 118 (0.56%) Firmware
8 83 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
9 62 (0.29%) Hyper-V
10 60 (0.28%) vSphere
11 52 (0.25%) Oracle RAC
12 44 (0.21%) VirtualBox
13 24 (0.11%) etcd
14 22 (0.10%) XenApp
15 17 (0.080%) Varnish
16 16 (0.076%) Squid
17 14 (0.066%) Virtual Servers
18 8 (0.038%) GridGain
18 8 (0.038%) NFS
19 7 (0.033%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 1,692 (8.01%) Kubernetes
2 1,282 (6.07%) Ansible
3 894 (4.23%) Puppet
4 819 (3.88%) Terraform
5 739 (3.50%) Opscode Chef
6 240 (1.14%) Oozie
7 182 (0.86%) Prometheus
8 162 (0.77%) Hadoop YARN
9 158 (0.75%) Salt
10 126 (0.60%) Kibana
11 110 (0.52%) Consul
12 108 (0.51%) Grafana
13 103 (0.49%) Packer
14 98 (0.46%) Mesos
15 85 (0.40%) HP Quality Center
16 69 (0.33%) Ambari
16 69 (0.33%) logstash
17 62 (0.29%) Marathon
17 62 (0.29%) Nagios
18 58 (0.27%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 2,367 (11.21%) Oracle
2 1,229 (5.82%) Microsoft
3 889 (4.21%) Google
4 437 (2.07%) SAP
5 435 (2.06%) IBM
6 344 (1.63%) Red Hat
7 308 (1.46%) Cloudera
8 304 (1.44%) Tableau
9 297 (1.41%) Salesforce.com
10 267 (1.26%) Splunk
11 246 (1.16%) WorldPay
12 221 (1.05%) Atlassian
13 209 (0.99%) Adobe
14 203 (0.96%) VMware
15 186 (0.88%) Hortonworks
16 179 (0.85%) Bloomberg
17 171 (0.81%) Reuters
18 143 (0.68%) Talend
19 127 (0.60%) MuleSoft
20 122 (0.58%) TIBCO