Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 18 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
18 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 13 13 10
Rank change year-on-year 0 -3 -1
Permanent jobs citing Java 19,351 10,485 12,357
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 14.30% 13.13% 14.04%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.36% 23.70% 25.62%
Number of salaries quoted 8,769 8,077 10,271
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
25th Percentile £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +11.54% - +8.33%
75th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £117,500 £105,000 £110,000
UK median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% - +8.33%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 73,424 44,240 48,225
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 54.26% 55.42% 54.81%
Number of salaries quoted 39,144 34,835 40,552
10th Percentile £37,389 £34,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £83,750 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £92,500 £90,000
UK median annual salary £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +13.64% - +4.76%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Salary trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 18 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Java in England

Java
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 18 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -1 12,445 £85,000 +6.25% 1,029
North of England +3 2,096 £55,666 +1.21% 282
South East -2 1,957 £60,000 +4.35% 171
North West +10 1,102 £60,000 +9.09% 168
Midlands +8 1,026 £57,500 +15.00% 162
South West -8 972 £55,000 +4.76% 102
Yorkshire 0 874 £55,000 - 84
West Midlands +10 646 £57,500 +4.55% 96
East of England -11 472 £55,000 -8.33% 110
East Midlands +9 368 £54,255 +8.51% 65
North East -12 124 £50,000 - 31
South Coast - 3 - -
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 18 May 2022, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 10,551 (54.52%) Agile
2 7,921 (40.93%) Python
3 7,620 (39.38%) AWS
4 7,178 (37.09%) Software Engineering
5 6,716 (34.71%) JavaScript
6 5,765 (29.79%) Finance
7 5,554 (28.70%) CI/CD
8 5,466 (28.25%) Kubernetes
9 5,408 (27.95%) Microservices
10 5,323 (27.51%) Docker
11 5,284 (27.31%) DevOps
12 4,729 (24.44%) Spring
13 4,692 (24.25%) Azure
14 4,615 (23.85%) SQL
15 4,495 (23.23%) TDD
16 3,934 (20.33%) React
17 3,897 (20.14%) Test Automation
18 3,846 (19.87%) C#
19 3,785 (19.56%) Git (software)
20 3,689 (19.06%) Social Skills
21 3,621 (18.71%) GCP
22 3,406 (17.60%) Jenkins
23 3,319 (17.15%) Mentoring
24 3,083 (15.93%) Scrum
25 2,983 (15.42%) Kafka
26 2,940 (15.19%) Spring Boot
27 2,707 (13.99%) Problem-Solving
28 2,635 (13.62%) HTML
29 2,616 (13.52%) Full Stack Development
30 2,589 (13.38%) Linux

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,039 (5.37%) Apache Spark
2 718 (3.71%) Elasticsearch
3 676 (3.49%) Apache
4 517 (2.67%) Confluence
5 323 (1.67%) CMS
6 319 (1.65%) Apache Airflow
7 252 (1.30%) Tomcat
8 210 (1.09%) Apache Solr
9 165 (0.85%) nginx
10 139 (0.72%) Cloud Foundry
11 126 (0.65%) WebSphere
12 105 (0.54%) JBoss
13 98 (0.51%) IIS
14 85 (0.44%) Jetty
15 82 (0.42%) SharePoint
16 81 (0.42%) Headless CMS
17 76 (0.39%) OpenStack
18 72 (0.37%) WebLogic
19 60 (0.31%) Apache Pulsar
20 53 (0.27%) SAS
Applications
1 85 (0.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 79 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
3 44 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 34 (0.18%) Chatbot
4 34 (0.18%) MS Visio
5 32 (0.17%) Sketch
6 20 (0.10%) InVision
7 17 (0.088%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 15 (0.078%) CATIA
9 11 (0.057%) Photoshop
10 8 (0.041%) Maple
11 6 (0.031%) Simulink
11 6 (0.031%) Spreadsheet
12 5 (0.026%) Microsoft Project
13 4 (0.021%) Adobe After Effects
14 3 (0.016%) LaTeX
15 2 (0.010%) FileZilla
15 2 (0.010%) Pipeline Pilot
16 1 (0.005%) PTC Creo
16 1 (0.005%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 119 (0.61%) Distributed Ledger
2 86 (0.44%) R3 Corda
3 79 (0.41%) Payment Gateway
4 65 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
5 45 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
6 24 (0.12%) Oracle Payables
7 22 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
8 17 (0.088%) Magento
9 15 (0.078%) SAP Hybris
10 14 (0.072%) Shopify
11 13 (0.067%) Oracle EBS
12 12 (0.062%) thinkFolio
13 11 (0.057%) NetSuite
13 11 (0.057%) Ripple
13 11 (0.057%) Ripple XRP
14 10 (0.052%) Oracle Cash Management
14 10 (0.052%) Oracle Receivables
14 10 (0.052%) Temenos T24
15 9 (0.047%) Oracle EBS R12
15 9 (0.047%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 7,620 (39.38%) AWS
2 4,692 (24.25%) Azure
3 3,621 (18.71%) GCP
4 2,246 (11.61%) Serverless
5 1,134 (5.86%) GitHub
6 972 (5.02%) AWS Lambda
7 846 (4.37%) OpenShift
8 796 (4.11%) SaaS
9 575 (2.97%) Amazon S3
10 559 (2.89%) Cloud Computing
11 541 (2.80%) AWS CloudFormation
12 460 (2.38%) Amazon EC2
13 438 (2.26%) PaaS
14 378 (1.95%) Cloud Functions
15 303 (1.57%) Amazon ECS
16 282 (1.46%) Amazon Kinesis
17 246 (1.27%) Power Platform
18 231 (1.19%) Amazon EKS
19 224 (1.16%) npm
20 200 (1.03%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 566 (2.92%) HTTP
2 466 (2.41%) Internet
3 215 (1.11%) Firewall
4 210 (1.09%) Broadband
5 164 (0.85%) TCP/IP
6 123 (0.64%) VoIP
7 121 (0.63%) DNS
8 118 (0.61%) Network Security
9 94 (0.49%) SSL
10 77 (0.40%) SSH
11 71 (0.37%) MQTT
12 62 (0.32%) AMQP
13 60 (0.31%) VPN
14 58 (0.30%) HTTPS
14 58 (0.30%) Kerberos
15 56 (0.29%) Cisco IPT
15 56 (0.29%) FTP
16 39 (0.20%) PPP
17 36 (0.19%) SNA
18 33 (0.17%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,272 (11.74%) NoSQL
2 2,207 (11.41%) PostgreSQL
3 1,714 (8.86%) MySQL
4 1,690 (8.73%) MongoDB
5 1,592 (8.23%) Big Data
6 1,585 (8.19%) Relational Database
7 1,065 (5.50%) SQL Server
8 756 (3.91%) Hadoop
8 756 (3.91%) Redis
9 715 (3.69%) Apache Cassandra
10 554 (2.86%) BigQuery
11 490 (2.53%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 447 (2.31%) Flink
13 423 (2.19%) Data Warehouse
14 383 (1.98%) Data Lake
15 362 (1.87%) RDBMS
16 299 (1.55%) Amazon Aurora
17 274 (1.42%) Amazon RDS
18 273 (1.41%) Amazon Redshift
19 228 (1.18%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 3,785 (19.56%) Git (software)
2 3,406 (17.60%) Jenkins
3 1,651 (8.53%) JIRA
4 1,547 (7.99%) Maven
5 1,273 (6.58%) JUnit
6 1,216 (6.28%) Selenium
7 1,069 (5.52%) Gradle
8 908 (4.69%) Cucumber
9 631 (3.26%) GitLab
10 599 (3.10%) Mockito
11 495 (2.56%) Postman
12 478 (2.47%) Subversion
13 440 (2.27%) Bitbucket
14 399 (2.06%) JMeter
15 390 (2.02%) Cypress.io
16 331 (1.71%) TeamCity
17 328 (1.70%) CircleCI
18 310 (1.60%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 284 (1.47%) Ant
20 279 (1.44%) Appium
General
1 5,765 (29.79%) Finance
2 3,689 (19.06%) Social Skills
3 1,851 (9.57%) Banking
4 1,456 (7.52%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 1,206 (6.23%) Analytical Skills
6 1,065 (5.50%) Retail
7 1,059 (5.47%) Games
8 944 (4.88%) Manufacturing
9 650 (3.36%) Public Sector
10 616 (3.18%) Marketing
11 532 (2.75%) Front Office
12 461 (2.38%) Law
13 405 (2.09%) Telecoms
14 348 (1.80%) Financial Institution
15 276 (1.43%) Advertising
16 258 (1.33%) Automotive
16 258 (1.33%) Legal
17 206 (1.06%) Investment Banking
18 163 (0.84%) Presentation Skills
19 137 (0.71%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 7,036 (36.36%) Developer
2 4,227 (21.84%) Software Engineer
3 3,630 (18.76%) Java Developer
4 2,090 (10.80%) Java Engineer
5 1,895 (9.79%) Senior Developer
6 1,460 (7.54%) Senior Software Engineer
7 1,211 (6.26%) Software Developer
8 1,184 (6.12%) Senior Java Developer
9 947 (4.89%) Java Software Engineer
10 935 (4.83%) Data Engineer
11 826 (4.27%) DevOps Engineer
12 797 (4.12%) Senior Java Engineer
13 778 (4.02%) Architect
14 619 (3.20%) Full Stack Developer
15 557 (2.88%) Principal Engineer
16 552 (2.85%) Cloud Engineer
17 507 (2.62%) Technical Leader
18 467 (2.41%) AWS Engineer
19 450 (2.33%) Lead Developer
20 424 (2.19%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,729 (24.44%) Spring
2 3,934 (20.33%) React
3 2,983 (15.42%) Kafka
4 2,940 (15.19%) Spring Boot
5 2,635 (13.62%) HTML
6 2,546 (13.16%) Node.js
7 2,522 (13.03%) REST
8 2,415 (12.48%) CSS
9 2,331 (12.05%) AngularJS
10 2,306 (11.92%) .NET
11 2,208 (11.41%) RESTful
12 1,337 (6.91%) Web Services
13 1,247 (6.44%) HTML5
14 1,140 (5.89%) JSON
15 923 (4.77%) Hibernate
16 878 (4.54%) CSS3
17 856 (4.42%) Vue.js
18 779 (4.03%) XML
19 635 (3.28%) GraphQL
20 629 (3.25%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 1,666 (8.61%) Data Structures
2 1,550 (8.01%) Algorithms
3 1,097 (5.67%) Cloud Native
4 1,063 (5.49%) User Experience
5 929 (4.80%) Mobile App
6 808 (4.18%) Life Science
7 710 (3.67%) Greenfield Project
8 568 (2.94%) Self-Motivation
9 550 (2.84%) Enterprise Software
10 511 (2.64%) Public Cloud
11 430 (2.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 420 (2.17%) Social Media
13 419 (2.17%) Derivative
14 415 (2.14%) Hedge funds
15 409 (2.11%) Fixed Income
16 382 (1.97%) Equities
17 375 (1.94%) Linux Command Line
18 369 (1.91%) Blog
19 359 (1.86%) Blockchain
20 302 (1.56%) Cyberattack
Operating Systems
1 2,589 (13.38%) Linux
2 1,107 (5.72%) Android
3 1,076 (5.56%) Unix
4 798 (4.12%) Windows
5 678 (3.50%) Apple iOS
6 98 (0.51%) CentOS
7 91 (0.47%) Mesosphere
8 85 (0.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 79 (0.41%) Ubuntu
10 68 (0.35%) Mac OS
11 62 (0.32%) Mac OS X
12 58 (0.30%) Windows Server
13 51 (0.26%) Embedded Linux
14 40 (0.21%) Debian
15 36 (0.19%) VMS
16 24 (0.12%) AIX
17 9 (0.047%) Windows 10
18 8 (0.041%) Solaris
19 7 (0.036%) Kali Linux
19 7 (0.036%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,551 (54.52%) Agile
2 7,178 (37.09%) Software Engineering
3 5,554 (28.70%) CI/CD
4 5,408 (27.95%) Microservices
5 5,284 (27.31%) DevOps
6 4,495 (23.23%) TDD
7 3,897 (20.14%) Test Automation
8 3,319 (17.15%) Mentoring
9 3,083 (15.93%) Scrum
10 2,707 (13.99%) Problem-Solving
11 2,616 (13.52%) Full Stack Development
12 2,570 (13.28%) Continuous Integration
13 2,225 (11.50%) BDD
14 2,188 (11.31%) OO
15 2,121 (10.96%) Computer Science
16 1,930 (9.97%) Analytics
17 1,819 (9.40%) SDLC
18 1,773 (9.16%) Coaching
19 1,572 (8.12%) OOP
20 1,563 (8.08%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 7,921 (40.93%) Python
2 6,716 (34.71%) JavaScript
3 4,615 (23.85%) SQL
4 3,846 (19.87%) C#
5 2,094 (10.82%) C++
6 1,970 (10.18%) Kotlin
7 1,898 (9.81%) Go
8 1,766 (9.13%) TypeScript
9 1,647 (8.51%) Scala
10 1,159 (5.99%) Ruby
11 985 (5.09%) C
12 846 (4.37%) Bash
13 788 (4.07%) PHP
14 744 (3.84%) PowerShell
15 649 (3.35%) Shell Script
16 470 (2.43%) Perl
17 459 (2.37%) Groovy
18 348 (1.80%) Objective-C
19 264 (1.36%) ES6
20 245 (1.27%) R
Qualifications
1 2,513 (12.99%) Degree
2 1,108 (5.73%) Computer Science Degree
3 883 (4.56%) Security Cleared
4 563 (2.91%) SC Cleared
5 423 (2.19%) Oracle Certification
6 417 (2.15%) OCP
7 394 (2.04%) OCA
8 393 (2.03%) CIW
9 266 (1.37%) Master's Degree
10 170 (0.88%) ISTQB
11 169 (0.87%) PhD
12 95 (0.49%) Numerate Degree
13 83 (0.43%) DV Cleared
14 82 (0.42%) AWS Certification
15 79 (0.41%) CISSP
16 74 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 74 (0.38%) PMI Certification
17 62 (0.32%) Cisco Certification
18 59 (0.30%) (ISC)2 CCSP
19 55 (0.28%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,912 (9.88%) QA
2 379 (1.96%) Accessibility
3 150 (0.78%) Data Quality
4 89 (0.46%) SLA
5 84 (0.43%) GDPR
6 76 (0.39%) PCI DSS
7 29 (0.15%) PMO
8 28 (0.14%) MiFID
9 27 (0.14%) EMIR
9 27 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 19 (0.098%) MISRA
10 19 (0.098%) SOC 2
11 14 (0.072%) NIST
12 13 (0.067%) ISO 13485
13 12 (0.062%) IEC 62304
14 9 (0.047%) CDISC
14 9 (0.047%) PSD2
15 7 (0.036%) IEC 61131
15 7 (0.036%) ISO 9001
15 7 (0.036%) WCAG
System Software
1 5,323 (27.51%) Docker
2 195 (1.01%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 167 (0.86%) Virtual Machines
4 137 (0.71%) VMware Infrastructure
5 82 (0.42%) Active Directory
5 82 (0.42%) Apache Flume
6 44 (0.23%) HDFS
7 38 (0.20%) Firmware
8 22 (0.11%) Hyper-V
9 16 (0.083%) Kamailio
9 16 (0.083%) OpenSIPS
10 14 (0.072%) Virtual Servers
11 13 (0.067%) KVM
12 11 (0.057%) LXC
12 11 (0.057%) Postfix
13 10 (0.052%) ISA Server
14 9 (0.047%) Citrix Hypervisor
15 7 (0.036%) vSphere
16 6 (0.031%) GridGain
16 6 (0.031%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 5,466 (28.25%) Kubernetes
2 1,884 (9.74%) Terraform
3 1,267 (6.55%) Ansible
4 609 (3.15%) Puppet
5 480 (2.48%) Opscode Chef
6 428 (2.21%) Prometheus
7 304 (1.57%) Grafana
8 168 (0.87%) Kibana
9 153 (0.79%) Istio
10 115 (0.59%) Docker Swarm
11 97 (0.50%) Consul
12 91 (0.47%) Automic
13 80 (0.41%) Oozie
14 71 (0.37%) logstash
15 62 (0.32%) Rancher
16 55 (0.28%) Packer
17 49 (0.25%) Single Sign-On
18 47 (0.24%) HP Quality Center
19 30 (0.16%) Hadoop YARN
20 29 (0.15%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 1,972 (10.19%) Google
2 1,699 (8.78%) Microsoft
3 1,662 (8.59%) Oracle
4 360 (1.86%) Twitter
5 288 (1.49%) Databricks
6 281 (1.45%) Splunk
7 272 (1.41%) Salesforce.com
8 187 (0.97%) SAP
9 177 (0.91%) IBM
10 172 (0.89%) Red Hat
11 170 (0.88%) VMware
12 125 (0.65%) Atlassian
13 115 (0.59%) AppDynamics
14 99 (0.51%) New Relic
15 96 (0.50%) MuleSoft
15 96 (0.50%) Snapchat
16 94 (0.49%) Facebook
17 92 (0.48%) LexisNexis
18 85 (0.44%) Apple
19 83 (0.43%) Adobe