Period
to 8 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 8 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
8 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 10 8 8
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 8,447 18,805 24,964
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 14.10% 14.25% 15.64%
As % of the Programming Languages category 24.95% 26.47% 27.89%
Number of salaries quoted 7,720 16,234 20,629
Median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +8.70% +4.55%
10th Percentile £38,750 £35,000 £33,750
90th Percentile £110,000 £97,500 £92,500
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 33,858 71,054 89,497
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 56.52% 53.84% 56.08%
Number of salaries quoted 28,151 58,731 74,801
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £86,250 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Salary trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 8 August 2020.

Salary histogram for Java in England

Java
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 8 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 4,816 £75,000 +3.45% 567
South East -4 1,325 £60,000 +9.09% 137
North of England -4 1,013 £50,000 - 200
South West +5 613 £50,000 - 94
Yorkshire +9 514 £50,000 +11.11% 73
North West -8 430 £52,500 - 110
Midlands -5 392 £50,000 +5.26% 75
East of England -10 252 £50,000 -9.09% 54
West Midlands +7 238 £47,500 +5.56% 38
East Midlands -5 149 £50,000 +5.26% 36
North East -3 70 £45,000 -5.26% 17
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 8 August 2020, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 3,969 (46.99%) Agile Software Development
2 2,862 (33.88%) Python
3 2,515 (29.77%) JavaScript
4 2,401 (28.42%) AWS
5 2,266 (26.83%) Software Engineering
6 2,026 (23.98%) Finance
7 2,009 (23.78%) DevOps
8 1,914 (22.66%) SQL
9 1,773 (20.99%) Docker
10 1,766 (20.91%) Microservices
11 1,763 (20.87%) Spring
12 1,566 (18.54%) C#
13 1,387 (16.42%) TDD
14 1,364 (16.15%) Kubernetes
15 1,319 (15.62%) Web Services
16 1,294 (15.32%) Azure
17 1,247 (14.76%) Test Automation
18 1,234 (14.61%) Linux
19 1,142 (13.52%) Jenkins
20 1,126 (13.33%) Scrum
21 1,108 (13.12%) AngularJS
22 1,097 (12.99%) Git (software)
23 1,081 (12.80%) React
24 1,078 (12.76%) Degree
25 1,044 (12.36%) C++
26 965 (11.42%) Node.js
27 919 (10.88%) Spring Boot
28 911 (10.78%) OO
29 908 (10.75%) Banking
30 890 (10.54%) Computer Science

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 363 (4.30%) Apache
2 350 (4.14%) Apache Spark
3 307 (3.63%) Confluence
4 278 (3.29%) Tomcat
5 254 (3.01%) Elasticsearch
6 132 (1.56%) WebSphere
7 79 (0.94%) CMS
8 75 (0.89%) JBoss
9 68 (0.81%) SAS
10 58 (0.69%) WebLogic
11 54 (0.64%) nginx
12 51 (0.60%) Cloud Foundry
13 46 (0.54%) IIS
14 45 (0.53%) SharePoint
15 41 (0.49%) Apache Airflow
16 37 (0.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 35 (0.41%) Apache Solr
18 31 (0.37%) Oracle Workflow
19 29 (0.34%) Luigi
20 27 (0.32%) OpenStack
Applications
1 28 (0.33%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (0.18%) Chatbot
3 15 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
4 10 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 7 (0.083%) S-PLUS
6 6 (0.071%) MS Visio
7 5 (0.059%) Photoshop
8 3 (0.036%) Sketch
9 2 (0.024%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.024%) Maya
9 2 (0.024%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.012%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.012%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.012%) AutoCAD
10 1 (0.012%) Blender
10 1 (0.012%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 60 (0.71%) R3 Corda
2 50 (0.59%) Distributed Ledger
3 41 (0.49%) FINCAD Analytics
4 36 (0.43%) Remedy ITSM
5 23 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
6 18 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
7 15 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
7 15 (0.18%) SAP GTS
8 14 (0.17%) Magento
9 13 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
10 11 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
11 10 (0.12%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
12 9 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
13 8 (0.095%) Oracle BPM
14 7 (0.083%) Oracle EBS
15 6 (0.071%) Temenos T24
16 5 (0.059%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
17 4 (0.047%) Front Arena
17 4 (0.047%) SAP CRM
17 4 (0.047%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 2,401 (28.42%) AWS
2 1,294 (15.32%) Azure
3 779 (9.22%) GCP
4 393 (4.65%) SaaS
5 376 (4.45%) Serverless
6 250 (2.96%) AWS Lambda
7 231 (2.73%) GitHub
8 193 (2.28%) Amazon EC2
9 191 (2.26%) OpenShift
10 156 (1.85%) PaaS
11 130 (1.54%) Amazon ECS
12 127 (1.50%) AWS CloudFormation
13 120 (1.42%) Amazon S3
14 105 (1.24%) Power Platform
15 97 (1.15%) IaaS
16 90 (1.07%) Cloud Computing
17 78 (0.92%) Amazon SQS
18 77 (0.91%) Apigee
19 56 (0.66%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 43 (0.51%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 173 (2.05%) HTTP
2 117 (1.39%) Internet
3 112 (1.33%) Firewall
4 107 (1.27%) TCP/IP
5 52 (0.62%) DNS
6 48 (0.57%) FTP
7 28 (0.33%) Wireshark
8 25 (0.30%) SSL
9 23 (0.27%) Network Security
9 23 (0.27%) VPN
10 21 (0.25%) Skype
11 20 (0.24%) Broadband
12 18 (0.21%) SSH
13 17 (0.20%) AMQP
13 17 (0.20%) Bluetooth
14 16 (0.19%) MQTT
15 12 (0.14%) WebEx
16 11 (0.13%) Kerberos
17 10 (0.12%) Wireless
18 9 (0.11%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 830 (9.83%) NoSQL
2 604 (7.15%) SQL Server
3 598 (7.08%) Big Data
4 578 (6.84%) MySQL
5 568 (6.72%) PostgreSQL
6 452 (5.35%) MongoDB
7 438 (5.19%) Hadoop
8 394 (4.66%) Relational Database
9 255 (3.02%) Apache Cassandra
10 210 (2.49%) Data Warehouse
11 184 (2.18%) Amazon Redshift
12 170 (2.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 158 (1.87%) Redis
14 149 (1.76%) Blockchain
15 141 (1.67%) RDBMS
16 128 (1.52%) Oracle Database
17 124 (1.47%) Apache Hive
18 100 (1.18%) Power BI
19 93 (1.10%) HBase
20 84 (0.99%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 1,142 (13.52%) Jenkins
2 1,097 (12.99%) Git (software)
3 658 (7.79%) JIRA
4 641 (7.59%) Selenium
5 594 (7.03%) Maven
6 442 (5.23%) Cucumber
7 427 (5.06%) JUnit
8 205 (2.43%) GitLab
9 180 (2.13%) Subversion
10 175 (2.07%) Gradle
11 166 (1.97%) WebDriver
12 144 (1.70%) Eclipse
13 140 (1.66%) Bitbucket
14 136 (1.61%) Mockito
15 133 (1.57%) SoapUI
16 125 (1.48%) Artifactory
17 119 (1.41%) JMeter
18 112 (1.33%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 111 (1.31%) Sonatype Nexus
20 108 (1.28%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 2,026 (23.98%) Finance
2 908 (10.75%) Banking
3 508 (6.01%) Front Office
4 331 (3.92%) Retail
5 264 (3.13%) Investment Banking
6 232 (2.75%) Games
7 198 (2.34%) Public Sector
8 172 (2.04%) Marketing
9 134 (1.59%) Back Office
10 122 (1.44%) Law
11 81 (0.96%) Manufacturing
12 80 (0.95%) Telecoms
13 78 (0.92%) Advertising
14 71 (0.84%) Financial Institution
15 49 (0.58%) Electronics
16 45 (0.53%) Legal
17 44 (0.52%) Publishing
18 31 (0.37%) Aerospace
19 25 (0.30%) Retail Banking
20 24 (0.28%) Billing
Job Titles
1 4,132 (48.92%) Developer
2 2,464 (29.17%) Java Developer
3 1,064 (12.60%) Software Engineer
4 898 (10.63%) Senior Developer
5 699 (8.28%) Java Engineer
6 632 (7.48%) Senior Java Developer
7 530 (6.27%) Architect
8 397 (4.70%) Java Software Engineer
9 368 (4.36%) DevOps Engineer
10 352 (4.17%) Software Developer
11 328 (3.88%) AWS Engineer
12 293 (3.47%) Full Stack Developer
13 280 (3.31%) AWS Developer
14 277 (3.28%) Python Developer
15 251 (2.97%) Data Engineer
16 247 (2.92%) Python Engineer
17 245 (2.90%) Analyst
18 241 (2.85%) Junior
19 238 (2.82%) Lead Developer
20 223 (2.64%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,763 (20.87%) Spring
2 1,319 (15.62%) Web Services
3 1,108 (13.12%) AngularJS
4 1,081 (12.80%) React
5 965 (11.42%) Node.js
6 919 (10.88%) Spring Boot
7 842 (9.97%) .NET
8 839 (9.93%) HTML
9 800 (9.47%) REST
10 720 (8.52%) RESTful
11 684 (8.10%) CSS
12 591 (7.00%) Kafka
13 449 (5.32%) Hibernate
14 424 (5.02%) XML
15 366 (4.33%) J2EE
16 344 (4.07%) Vue.js
17 342 (4.05%) SOAP
18 297 (3.52%) JSON
19 283 (3.35%) HTML5
20 215 (2.55%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 520 (6.16%) Greenfield Project
2 466 (5.52%) Hedge funds
3 441 (5.22%) Analytical Skills
4 408 (4.83%) Derivative
5 393 (4.65%) Fixed Income
6 345 (4.08%) Algorithms
7 328 (3.88%) Mobile App
8 296 (3.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 274 (3.24%) User Experience
10 248 (2.94%) Data Structures
10 248 (2.94%) Equities
11 234 (2.77%) Self-Motivation
12 184 (2.18%) Enterprise Software
13 168 (1.99%) Public Cloud
14 160 (1.89%) Cloud Native
15 93 (1.10%) Management Information System
16 75 (0.89%) Linux Command Line
17 72 (0.85%) Virtual Team
18 52 (0.62%) Data Centre
19 49 (0.58%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 1,234 (14.61%) Linux
2 530 (6.27%) Android
3 462 (5.47%) Unix
4 435 (5.15%) Windows
5 332 (3.93%) Apple iOS
6 74 (0.88%) CentOS
7 67 (0.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 50 (0.59%) Ubuntu
9 41 (0.49%) Windows Server
10 34 (0.40%) Mac OS X
11 27 (0.32%) Mac OS
12 25 (0.30%) AIX
12 25 (0.30%) Debian
13 14 (0.17%) CoreOS
14 12 (0.14%) Solaris
14 12 (0.14%) VMS
15 7 (0.083%) Embedded Linux
15 7 (0.083%) zOS
16 6 (0.071%) Windows 7
17 5 (0.059%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,969 (46.99%) Agile Software Development
2 2,266 (26.83%) Software Engineering
3 2,009 (23.78%) DevOps
4 1,766 (20.91%) Microservices
5 1,387 (16.42%) TDD
6 1,247 (14.76%) Test Automation
7 1,126 (13.33%) Scrum
8 911 (10.78%) OO
9 890 (10.54%) Computer Science
10 864 (10.23%) Continuous Integration
11 824 (9.75%) Fintech
12 806 (9.54%) BDD
13 797 (9.44%) Problem-Solving
14 709 (8.39%) Mentoring
15 608 (7.20%) Analytics
16 585 (6.93%) Asset Management
17 568 (6.72%) SDLC
18 534 (6.32%) Open Source
19 465 (5.50%) Machine Learning
20 425 (5.03%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 2,862 (33.88%) Python
2 2,515 (29.77%) JavaScript
3 1,914 (22.66%) SQL
4 1,566 (18.54%) C#
5 1,044 (12.36%) C++
6 808 (9.57%) Java 8
7 662 (7.84%) Scala
8 628 (7.43%) Kotlin
9 513 (6.07%) Go
10 478 (5.66%) Ruby
11 451 (5.34%) C
12 439 (5.20%) PHP
13 308 (3.65%) TypeScript
14 262 (3.10%) Bash Shell
15 229 (2.71%) R
16 166 (1.97%) Objective-C
17 158 (1.87%) PowerShell
18 157 (1.86%) Perl
19 150 (1.78%) Shell Script
20 148 (1.75%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 1,078 (12.76%) Degree
2 494 (5.85%) Security Cleared
3 445 (5.27%) Computer Science Degree
4 276 (3.27%) SC Cleared
5 200 (2.37%) DV Cleared
6 107 (1.27%) ISTQB
7 100 (1.18%) Master's Degree
8 72 (0.85%) ISEB
9 64 (0.76%) PhD
10 61 (0.72%) Numerate Degree
11 45 (0.53%) AWS Certification
12 40 (0.47%) Sun Certification
13 21 (0.25%) HND
14 18 (0.21%) CISSP
15 17 (0.20%) TOGAF Certification
16 16 (0.19%) BPSS Clearance
16 16 (0.19%) ITIL Certification
17 15 (0.18%) CISM
17 15 (0.18%) PMI Certification
18 12 (0.14%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 584 (6.91%) QA
2 42 (0.50%) GDPR
3 41 (0.49%) SLA
4 38 (0.45%) Data Quality
4 38 (0.45%) NIST
5 24 (0.28%) COBIT
6 17 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 12 (0.14%) PCI DSS
8 6 (0.071%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 4 (0.047%) COSO
9 4 (0.047%) Government Security Classifications
9 4 (0.047%) MiFID
9 4 (0.047%) NCSC
10 3 (0.036%) GxP
11 2 (0.024%) Basel II
11 2 (0.024%) Basel III
11 2 (0.024%) PMO
11 2 (0.024%) PSD2
12 1 (0.012%) ITGC
12 1 (0.012%) MISRA C
System Software
1 1,773 (20.99%) Docker
2 78 (0.92%) VMware Infrastructure
3 67 (0.79%) HDFS
4 63 (0.75%) Active Directory
5 48 (0.57%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 44 (0.52%) vSphere
7 30 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
8 20 (0.24%) Hyper-V
9 16 (0.19%) Firmware
9 16 (0.19%) NFS
10 11 (0.13%) VirtualBox
11 9 (0.11%) Postfix
12 8 (0.095%) GlusterFS
13 7 (0.083%) XenApp
14 6 (0.071%) NDS
14 6 (0.071%) NetIQ eDirectory
15 5 (0.059%) Apache Flume
16 4 (0.047%) GPFS
16 4 (0.047%) Slurm Workload Manager
16 4 (0.047%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 1,364 (16.15%) Kubernetes
2 587 (6.95%) Terraform
3 522 (6.18%) Ansible
4 272 (3.22%) Puppet
5 206 (2.44%) Opscode Chef
6 81 (0.96%) Grafana
7 75 (0.89%) Prometheus
8 57 (0.67%) Kibana
9 48 (0.57%) Istio
10 45 (0.53%) Packer
11 42 (0.50%) Salt
12 32 (0.38%) Nagios
13 30 (0.36%) ZABBIX
14 29 (0.34%) HP Quality Center
15 27 (0.32%) Consul
15 27 (0.32%) logstash
16 24 (0.28%) Docker Swarm
17 22 (0.26%) Opsview
18 21 (0.25%) Hadoop YARN
19 20 (0.24%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 814 (9.64%) Oracle
2 527 (6.24%) Google
3 297 (3.52%) Microsoft
4 190 (2.25%) SAP
5 114 (1.35%) IBM
6 102 (1.21%) Salesforce.com
7 101 (1.20%) Red Hat
8 90 (1.07%) Atlassian
9 87 (1.03%) VMware
10 81 (0.96%) Talend
11 79 (0.94%) ServiceNow
12 77 (0.91%) Splunk
13 74 (0.88%) MuleSoft
14 67 (0.79%) HP
15 65 (0.77%) Tableau
16 64 (0.76%) Informatica
17 47 (0.56%) Remedy
18 46 (0.54%) Adobe
18 46 (0.54%) Bloomberg
19 42 (0.50%) TIBCO