Period
to 24 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 24 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
24 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 13 13 10
Rank change year-on-year 0 -3 -1
Permanent jobs citing Java 14,562 6,535 17,487
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 13.20% 14.57% 13.85%
As % of the Programming Languages category 24.31% 24.55% 25.84%
Number of salaries quoted 8,953 5,589 14,376
10th Percentile £41,550 £41,250 £35,000
25th Percentile £51,250 £50,000 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +8.00% +8.70%
75th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £82,500
90th Percentile £112,500 £115,000 £102,125
UK median annual salary £68,000 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +4.62% +4.00% +8.70%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 59,906 26,624 67,676
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 54.29% 59.36% 53.61%
Number of salaries quoted 40,246 23,008 56,597
10th Percentile £36,000 £34,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £44,250 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +9.52% +5.00%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £92,500 £87,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Salary trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Java in England

Java
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 24 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 8,497 £82,500 +6.45% 1,379
South East -5 1,964 £60,000 - 278
North of England +3 1,756 £55,000 +4.76% 442
South West -6 836 £55,000 +10.00% 169
Yorkshire -2 824 £55,000 +4.76% 139
North West +10 813 £55,000 +4.76% 246
Midlands +15 781 £55,000 +4.76% 243
West Midlands +15 549 £55,000 +4.76% 173
East of England -7 410 £57,500 +4.55% 121
East Midlands +9 230 £50,000 -0.99% 68
North East -9 121 £50,000 +5.26% 57
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 24 October 2021, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 7,790 (53.50%) Agile Software Development
2 5,286 (36.30%) AWS
3 5,216 (35.82%) Software Engineering
4 5,084 (34.91%) Python
5 4,452 (30.57%) JavaScript
6 4,367 (29.99%) Microservices
7 4,187 (28.75%) DevOps
8 3,929 (26.98%) Spring
9 3,832 (26.32%) Docker
10 3,791 (26.03%) Finance
11 3,571 (24.52%) SQL
12 3,397 (23.33%) Kubernetes
13 3,104 (21.32%) Social Skills
14 2,960 (20.33%) Azure
15 2,902 (19.93%) React
16 2,836 (19.48%) TDD
17 2,786 (19.13%) Jenkins
18 2,695 (18.51%) Test Automation
19 2,489 (17.09%) Git (software)
20 2,463 (16.91%) C#
21 2,222 (15.26%) Scrum
22 2,212 (15.19%) Degree
23 2,156 (14.81%) Spring Boot
24 2,150 (14.76%) Full Stack Development
25 2,134 (14.65%) AngularJS
26 2,066 (14.19%) Kafka
27 2,046 (14.05%) Linux
28 2,043 (14.03%) REST
29 2,022 (13.89%) Node.js
30 2,000 (13.73%) GCP

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 867 (5.95%) Apache Spark
2 663 (4.55%) Apache
3 575 (3.95%) Elasticsearch
4 515 (3.54%) Confluence
5 265 (1.82%) Tomcat
6 220 (1.51%) GemFire
7 174 (1.19%) CMS
8 161 (1.11%) Apache Airflow
9 145 (1.00%) nginx
10 139 (0.95%) Cloud Foundry
11 98 (0.67%) JBoss
12 68 (0.47%) Apache Solr
13 67 (0.46%) WebLogic
14 60 (0.41%) WebSphere
15 59 (0.41%) SharePoint
16 55 (0.38%) IIS
16 55 (0.38%) SAS
17 50 (0.34%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 47 (0.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 41 (0.28%) OpenStack
Applications
1 64 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
2 59 (0.41%) Microsoft Excel
3 46 (0.32%) Sketch
4 35 (0.24%) InVision
5 27 (0.19%) Photoshop
6 21 (0.14%) Figma
6 21 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
7 19 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
8 15 (0.10%) Adobe XD
8 15 (0.10%) Chatbot
9 11 (0.076%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 8 (0.055%) MS Visio
11 7 (0.048%) Siemens NX
12 6 (0.041%) Microsoft Project
13 5 (0.034%) Fireworks
13 5 (0.034%) GIMP
14 3 (0.021%) Simulink
15 2 (0.014%) 3ds Max
15 2 (0.014%) Maya
15 2 (0.014%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 84 (0.58%) Distributed Ledger
2 53 (0.36%) R3 Corda
3 32 (0.22%) Shopify
4 31 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
5 30 (0.21%) Magento
6 29 (0.20%) SAP Business One
7 17 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
8 16 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
9 14 (0.096%) Summit
10 13 (0.089%) Oracle BPM
11 11 (0.076%) NetSuite
12 9 (0.062%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
13 8 (0.055%) Teamcenter
14 7 (0.048%) SAP S/4HANA
15 6 (0.041%) Bloomberg TOMS
15 6 (0.041%) ION MarketView
16 5 (0.034%) Oracle Applications
16 5 (0.034%) osCommerce
16 5 (0.034%) Unit4 Business World
17 4 (0.027%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 5,286 (36.30%) AWS
2 2,960 (20.33%) Azure
3 2,000 (13.73%) GCP
4 1,560 (10.71%) Serverless
5 1,080 (7.42%) GitHub
6 705 (4.84%) AWS Lambda
7 591 (4.06%) SaaS
8 555 (3.81%) Amazon EC2
9 531 (3.65%) OpenShift
10 444 (3.05%) AWS CloudFormation
11 394 (2.71%) Amazon ECS
11 394 (2.71%) Amazon S3
12 362 (2.49%) PaaS
13 323 (2.22%) Amazon Kinesis
14 310 (2.13%) Cloud Computing
15 243 (1.67%) Amazon EKS
16 194 (1.33%) Amazon SQS
17 182 (1.25%) Power Platform
18 156 (1.07%) Datadog
19 140 (0.96%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 519 (3.56%) HTTP
2 173 (1.19%) Internet
3 118 (0.81%) Firewall
4 112 (0.77%) Broadband
5 99 (0.68%) TCP/IP
6 80 (0.55%) DNS
7 70 (0.48%) AMQP
8 65 (0.45%) SSH
9 64 (0.44%) Kerberos
10 59 (0.41%) SSL
11 50 (0.34%) Network Security
12 45 (0.31%) VPN
13 38 (0.26%) FTP
14 34 (0.23%) Cisco IPT
15 30 (0.21%) Calico
16 29 (0.20%) HTTPS
17 19 (0.13%) IPv4
17 19 (0.13%) SMTP
18 17 (0.12%) WebEx
19 16 (0.11%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,658 (11.39%) NoSQL
2 1,418 (9.74%) PostgreSQL
3 1,246 (8.56%) Big Data
4 1,220 (8.38%) Relational Database
5 1,065 (7.31%) MySQL
6 1,034 (7.10%) MongoDB
7 750 (5.15%) Redis
8 675 (4.64%) SQL Server
9 583 (4.00%) Hadoop
10 538 (3.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 363 (2.49%) Apache Cassandra
12 324 (2.22%) MariaDB
13 323 (2.22%) Data Warehouse
14 300 (2.06%) Amazon Aurora
15 297 (2.04%) HBase
16 275 (1.89%) RDBMS
17 250 (1.72%) Amazon Athena
18 231 (1.59%) Amazon RDS
19 227 (1.56%) Blockchain
20 219 (1.50%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 2,786 (19.13%) Jenkins
2 2,489 (17.09%) Git (software)
3 1,074 (7.38%) JIRA
4 974 (6.69%) Selenium
5 944 (6.48%) JUnit
6 886 (6.08%) Cucumber
7 856 (5.88%) Maven
8 643 (4.42%) Gradle
9 492 (3.38%) GitLab
10 446 (3.06%) Mockito
11 433 (2.97%) Cypress.io
12 397 (2.73%) Postman
13 353 (2.42%) IntelliJ
14 342 (2.35%) Sonatype Nexus
15 338 (2.32%) Eclipse
16 324 (2.22%) JMeter
17 317 (2.18%) Bitbucket
18 309 (2.12%) Artifactory
19 305 (2.09%) SonarQube
20 304 (2.09%) Protractor
General
1 3,791 (26.03%) Finance
2 3,104 (21.32%) Social Skills
3 1,499 (10.29%) Banking
4 787 (5.40%) Analytical Skills
5 625 (4.29%) Retail
6 615 (4.22%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 572 (3.93%) Front Office
8 512 (3.52%) Law
9 452 (3.10%) Games
10 381 (2.62%) Marketing
11 377 (2.59%) Public Sector
12 281 (1.93%) Presentation Skills
13 274 (1.88%) Investment Banking
14 236 (1.62%) Telecoms
15 191 (1.31%) Manufacturing
16 173 (1.19%) Advertising
17 158 (1.09%) Legal
18 154 (1.06%) Financial Institution
19 124 (0.85%) Electronics
20 123 (0.84%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 6,261 (43.00%) Developer
2 3,513 (24.12%) Java Developer
3 3,041 (20.88%) Software Engineer
4 1,468 (10.08%) Senior Developer
5 1,299 (8.92%) Java Engineer
6 976 (6.70%) Senior Java Developer
7 910 (6.25%) Senior Software Engineer
8 780 (5.36%) Java Software Engineer
9 740 (5.08%) Architect
10 689 (4.73%) Software Developer
11 609 (4.18%) DevOps Engineer
12 552 (3.79%) Data Engineer
13 524 (3.60%) Lead Developer
14 506 (3.47%) Full Stack Developer
15 440 (3.02%) Senior Java Engineer
16 438 (3.01%) Developer/Software Engineer
17 412 (2.83%) AWS Engineer
18 405 (2.78%) Python Engineer
19 356 (2.44%) Python Developer
20 347 (2.38%) Principal Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,929 (26.98%) Spring
2 2,902 (19.93%) React
3 2,156 (14.81%) Spring Boot
4 2,134 (14.65%) AngularJS
5 2,066 (14.19%) Kafka
6 2,043 (14.03%) REST
7 2,022 (13.89%) Node.js
8 1,913 (13.14%) Web Services
9 1,543 (10.60%) RESTful
10 1,487 (10.21%) CSS
11 1,451 (9.96%) HTML
12 1,277 (8.77%) .NET
13 842 (5.78%) JSON
14 776 (5.33%) Hibernate
15 708 (4.86%) XML
16 694 (4.77%) RabbitMQ
16 694 (4.77%) Vue.js
17 595 (4.09%) GraphQL
18 512 (3.52%) HTML5
19 507 (3.48%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 890 (6.11%) User Experience
2 798 (5.48%) Algorithms
3 767 (5.27%) Greenfield Project
4 572 (3.93%) Mobile App
5 557 (3.83%) Data Structures
6 547 (3.76%) Cloud Native
7 512 (3.52%) Self-Motivation
8 495 (3.40%) Hedge funds
9 442 (3.04%) Derivative
10 388 (2.66%) Enterprise Software
11 385 (2.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 362 (2.49%) Fixed Income
13 346 (2.38%) Equities
14 327 (2.25%) Linux Command Line
15 276 (1.90%) Virtual Team
16 214 (1.47%) Public Cloud
17 183 (1.26%) Management Information System
18 161 (1.11%) Pricing Data
19 150 (1.03%) Blog
20 147 (1.01%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 2,046 (14.05%) Linux
2 912 (6.26%) Unix
3 813 (5.58%) Android
4 618 (4.24%) Windows
5 481 (3.30%) Apple iOS
6 171 (1.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 110 (0.76%) CentOS
8 64 (0.44%) Windows Server
9 53 (0.36%) Ubuntu
10 44 (0.30%) Mac OS X
10 44 (0.30%) Mesosphere
11 38 (0.26%) Debian
12 36 (0.25%) Mac OS
13 16 (0.11%) Windows 10
14 15 (0.10%) VMS
15 13 (0.089%) Windows Server 2016
16 11 (0.076%) Solaris
17 9 (0.062%) AIX
17 9 (0.062%) SUSE
17 9 (0.062%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,790 (53.50%) Agile Software Development
2 5,216 (35.82%) Software Engineering
3 4,367 (29.99%) Microservices
4 4,187 (28.75%) DevOps
5 2,836 (19.48%) TDD
6 2,695 (18.51%) Test Automation
7 2,222 (15.26%) Scrum
8 2,150 (14.76%) Full Stack Development
9 1,993 (13.69%) Problem-Solving
10 1,988 (13.65%) Continuous Integration
11 1,882 (12.92%) Computer Science
12 1,652 (11.34%) Mentoring
13 1,644 (11.29%) OO
14 1,511 (10.38%) Analytics
15 1,468 (10.08%) BDD
16 1,430 (9.82%) Open Source
17 1,275 (8.76%) Fintech
18 1,198 (8.23%) SDLC
19 941 (6.46%) OOP
20 848 (5.82%) Coaching
Programming Languages
1 5,084 (34.91%) Python
2 4,452 (30.57%) JavaScript
3 3,571 (24.52%) SQL
4 2,463 (16.91%) C#
5 1,522 (10.45%) Kotlin
6 1,471 (10.10%) C++
7 1,422 (9.77%) Scala
8 1,347 (9.25%) TypeScript
9 1,319 (9.06%) Java 8
10 1,287 (8.84%) Go
11 671 (4.61%) C
12 668 (4.59%) PHP
13 641 (4.40%) Ruby
14 582 (4.00%) Groovy
15 532 (3.65%) Bash Shell
16 469 (3.22%) Shell Script
17 411 (2.82%) Java 11
18 310 (2.13%) PowerShell
19 280 (1.92%) Perl
20 238 (1.63%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 2,212 (15.19%) Degree
2 784 (5.38%) Security Cleared
3 777 (5.34%) Computer Science Degree
4 641 (4.40%) SC Cleared
5 210 (1.44%) OCP
5 210 (1.44%) Oracle Certification
6 197 (1.35%) Master's Degree
7 104 (0.71%) ISTQB
8 96 (0.66%) AWS Certification
9 92 (0.63%) PhD
10 84 (0.58%) DV Cleared
10 84 (0.58%) Numerate Degree
11 62 (0.43%) HND
12 46 (0.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 42 (0.29%) CISSP
14 40 (0.27%) Cisco Certification
15 35 (0.24%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 35 (0.24%) DBS Check
16 24 (0.16%) ISEB
17 21 (0.14%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,464 (10.05%) QA
2 136 (0.93%) Accessibility
3 130 (0.89%) Data Quality
4 112 (0.77%) SLA
5 79 (0.54%) GDPR
6 43 (0.30%) WCAG
7 31 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 26 (0.18%) MiFID
9 25 (0.17%) PMO
10 23 (0.16%) GRC
10 23 (0.16%) PCI DSS
10 23 (0.16%) PSD2
11 21 (0.14%) EMIR
12 12 (0.082%) NIST
13 11 (0.076%) HIPAA
13 11 (0.076%) HL7
14 10 (0.069%) ISO 13485
14 10 (0.069%) ISO 20022
15 8 (0.055%) CDISC
15 8 (0.055%) ISO 15022
System Software
1 3,832 (26.32%) Docker
2 241 (1.65%) VMware Infrastructure
3 229 (1.57%) HDFS
4 101 (0.69%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 72 (0.49%) Virtual Machines
6 37 (0.25%) Active Directory
7 24 (0.16%) Postfix
8 23 (0.16%) Hyper-V
9 21 (0.14%) KVM
9 21 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
10 20 (0.14%) Firmware
11 12 (0.082%) Virtual Servers
12 11 (0.076%) etcd
12 11 (0.076%) ISA Server
13 10 (0.069%) vSphere
14 9 (0.062%) NDS
14 9 (0.062%) NetIQ eDirectory
14 9 (0.062%) Varnish
15 7 (0.048%) Ceph
16 5 (0.034%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 3,397 (23.33%) Kubernetes
2 1,846 (12.68%) Terraform
3 1,442 (9.90%) Ansible
4 482 (3.31%) Opscode Chef
5 444 (3.05%) Puppet
6 409 (2.81%) Prometheus
7 373 (2.56%) Grafana
8 132 (0.91%) Kibana
9 80 (0.55%) logstash
10 72 (0.49%) Istio
11 68 (0.47%) Graphite
12 66 (0.45%) Consul
13 60 (0.41%) Docker Swarm
14 50 (0.34%) Mesos
15 43 (0.30%) Automic
15 43 (0.30%) Nagios
16 32 (0.22%) Salt
17 31 (0.21%) Packer
18 30 (0.21%) HP Quality Center
19 29 (0.20%) Rancher
Vendors
1 1,290 (8.86%) Oracle
2 907 (6.23%) Google
3 609 (4.18%) Microsoft
4 332 (2.28%) VMware
5 239 (1.64%) Red Hat
6 219 (1.50%) Okta
6 219 (1.50%) Splunk
7 201 (1.38%) IBM
8 199 (1.37%) SAP
9 186 (1.28%) Atlassian
10 182 (1.25%) Salesforce.com
11 129 (0.89%) Databricks
12 114 (0.78%) Sybase
13 106 (0.73%) Adobe
14 100 (0.69%) New Relic
15 99 (0.68%) Cognizant
16 77 (0.53%) Talend
17 64 (0.44%) Facebook
18 61 (0.42%) MuleSoft
19 60 (0.41%) SaltStack