Period
to 24 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 24 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
24 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 9 10 13
Rank change year-on-year +1 +3 +1
Permanent jobs citing Java 25,220 24,410 28,537
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 15.38% 14.73% 14.38%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.49% 27.40% 27.36%
Number of salaries quoted 20,805 20,799 24,685
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £88,750 £86,250 £83,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,000
% change year-on-year - +5.77% +4.00%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 91,741 89,082 104,283
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.96% 53.75% 52.53%
Number of salaries quoted 77,780 76,859 90,543
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +2.22%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,250
90th Percentile £78,750 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java in England.

Salary trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 24 February 2018.

Salary histogram for Java in England

Java
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 24 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 12,286 £65,000 - 1,818
South East +2 4,144 £50,000 +3.09% 561
North of England +3 3,415 £47,500 - 566
East of England +1 2,008 £50,000 +5.26% 338
North West +5 1,912 £47,500 - 318
Midlands +2 1,775 £45,000 - 255
South West -6 1,548 £47,500 +5.56% 250
Yorkshire +1 1,248 £50,000 +5.26% 203
West Midlands +1 896 £45,000 - 143
East Midlands +3 879 £46,000 +2.22% 112
North East -1 251 £40,000 +6.67% 45
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 24 February 2018, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 12,365 (49.03%) Agile Software Development
2 7,674 (30.43%) JavaScript
3 6,561 (26.02%) SQL
4 5,938 (23.54%) Python
5 5,924 (23.49%) Finance
6 5,783 (22.93%) Spring
7 5,637 (22.35%) Software Engineering
8 5,324 (21.11%) TDD
9 4,942 (19.60%) HTML
10 4,782 (18.96%) Linux
11 4,501 (17.85%) C#
12 4,453 (17.66%) Degree
13 4,052 (16.07%) Test Automation
14 4,045 (16.04%) Scrum
15 4,042 (16.03%) Amazon AWS
16 3,847 (15.25%) Web Services
17 3,781 (14.99%) CSS
18 3,466 (13.74%) DevOps
19 3,431 (13.60%) C++
20 3,345 (13.26%) AngularJS
21 3,283 (13.02%) Continuous Integration
22 3,236 (12.83%) OO
23 3,134 (12.43%) Oracle
24 3,068 (12.16%) Computer Science
25 3,047 (12.08%) Git (software)
26 3,008 (11.93%) BDD
27 2,968 (11.77%) Jenkins
28 2,927 (11.61%) REST
29 2,879 (11.42%) Microservices
30 2,875 (11.40%) .NET

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,431 (5.67%) Tomcat
2 1,178 (4.67%) Apache Spark
3 1,066 (4.23%) Apache
4 823 (3.26%) JBoss
5 817 (3.24%) Elasticsearch
6 653 (2.59%) Confluence
7 587 (2.33%) WebSphere
8 335 (1.33%) WebLogic
9 300 (1.19%) CMS
10 275 (1.09%) nginx
11 261 (1.03%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 256 (1.02%) Apache Solr
13 232 (0.92%) OpenStack
14 174 (0.69%) IIS
15 171 (0.68%) Apache Pig
16 164 (0.65%) SAS
17 155 (0.61%) Jetty
18 153 (0.61%) SharePoint
19 126 (0.50%) Mule
20 107 (0.42%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 154 (0.61%) Microsoft Excel
2 145 (0.57%) Microsoft Office
3 83 (0.33%) Photoshop
4 59 (0.23%) MS Visio
5 54 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 53 (0.21%) SPSS
7 22 (0.087%) Adobe Illustrator
8 21 (0.083%) Microsoft Project
9 14 (0.056%) Weka
10 12 (0.048%) Mathematica
11 10 (0.040%) Spreadsheet
12 9 (0.036%) GNU Octave
12 9 (0.036%) HipChat
13 7 (0.028%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 7 (0.028%) SOLIDWORKS
14 5 (0.020%) Chatbot
15 4 (0.016%) CPLEX
15 4 (0.016%) Simulink
16 3 (0.012%) Doxygen
16 3 (0.012%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 142 (0.56%) SAP Hybris
2 90 (0.36%) Magento
3 80 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
4 53 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
5 38 (0.15%) BusinessWare
5 38 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
6 30 (0.12%) NetSuite
7 28 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
7 28 (0.11%) SAP ERP
8 27 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
9 20 (0.079%) BusinessWorks
9 20 (0.079%) Dynamics AX
9 20 (0.079%) Oracle Applications
9 20 (0.079%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 19 (0.075%) Ripple
11 18 (0.071%) ION MarketView
11 18 (0.071%) Remedy ITSM
12 15 (0.059%) MetaTrader
13 13 (0.052%) SAP S/4HANA
14 11 (0.044%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 4,042 (16.03%) Amazon AWS
2 1,335 (5.29%) Microsoft Azure
3 860 (3.41%) SaaS
4 554 (2.20%) GitHub
5 443 (1.76%) Google Cloud Platform
6 368 (1.46%) PaaS
7 348 (1.38%) Amazon EC2
8 328 (1.30%) Cloud Computing
9 281 (1.11%) OpenShift
10 258 (1.02%) IaaS
11 246 (0.98%) AWS CloudFormation
12 223 (0.88%) Amazon S3
13 185 (0.73%) Serverless
14 116 (0.46%) AWS Lambda
15 115 (0.46%) npm
16 98 (0.39%) Amazon Kinesis
17 88 (0.35%) Amazon EMR
18 80 (0.32%) Google Play
19 76 (0.30%) Slack
20 74 (0.29%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 691 (2.74%) HTTP
2 567 (2.25%) Internet
3 334 (1.32%) TCP/IP
4 283 (1.12%) Firewall
5 185 (0.73%) DNS
5 185 (0.73%) SSL
6 168 (0.67%) VPN
7 131 (0.52%) FTP
8 117 (0.46%) Wireless
9 82 (0.33%) SMS
10 69 (0.27%) SNMP
11 63 (0.25%) AMQP
12 58 (0.23%) DHCP
13 55 (0.22%) Broadband
13 55 (0.22%) WAN
14 47 (0.19%) Network Security
15 46 (0.18%) Wi-Fi
16 43 (0.17%) Ethernet
16 43 (0.17%) SMTP
17 41 (0.16%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,331 (9.24%) NoSQL
2 2,294 (9.10%) Big Data
3 2,217 (8.79%) MySQL
4 1,660 (6.58%) SQL Server
5 1,602 (6.35%) Relational Database
6 1,521 (6.03%) Hadoop
7 1,382 (5.48%) MongoDB
8 1,019 (4.04%) PostgreSQL
9 906 (3.59%) Apache Cassandra
10 618 (2.45%) RDBMS
11 513 (2.03%) Oracle Database
12 396 (1.57%) Apache Hive
13 390 (1.55%) HBase
14 389 (1.54%) Blockchain
15 374 (1.48%) Data Warehouse
16 373 (1.48%) Redis
17 264 (1.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 211 (0.84%) DB2
19 170 (0.67%) Neo4j
20 149 (0.59%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 3,047 (12.08%) Git (software)
2 2,968 (11.77%) Jenkins
3 2,342 (9.29%) Selenium
4 2,139 (8.48%) Maven
5 1,824 (7.23%) JIRA
6 1,659 (6.58%) JUnit
7 1,658 (6.57%) Cucumber
8 1,104 (4.38%) Subversion
9 922 (3.66%) WebDriver
10 819 (3.25%) Gradle
11 584 (2.32%) Eclipse
12 565 (2.24%) TeamCity
13 551 (2.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 437 (1.73%) SoapUI
15 420 (1.67%) JMeter
16 382 (1.51%) Mockito
17 355 (1.41%) Ant
18 306 (1.21%) Bitbucket
19 299 (1.19%) Visual Studio
20 283 (1.12%) IntelliJ
General
1 5,924 (23.49%) Finance
2 2,583 (10.24%) Banking
3 1,287 (5.10%) Retail
4 1,228 (4.87%) Advertising
5 1,106 (4.39%) Investment Banking
6 785 (3.11%) Front Office
7 755 (2.99%) Games
8 665 (2.64%) Marketing
9 534 (2.12%) Retail Banking
9 534 (2.12%) Telecoms
10 355 (1.41%) Electronics
11 327 (1.30%) Financial Institution
12 282 (1.12%) Manufacturing
13 209 (0.83%) Law
14 200 (0.79%) Publishing
15 171 (0.68%) Back Office
16 165 (0.65%) Legal
17 155 (0.61%) Automotive
18 70 (0.28%) Pharmaceutical
19 65 (0.26%) Online Betting
Job Titles
1 13,394 (53.11%) Developer
2 8,310 (32.95%) Java Developer
3 2,635 (10.45%) Senior Developer
4 2,613 (10.36%) Software Engineer
5 2,130 (8.45%) Java Engineer
6 1,902 (7.54%) Senior Java Developer
7 1,486 (5.89%) Software Developer
8 1,424 (5.65%) Architect
9 1,245 (4.94%) Java Software Engineer
10 994 (3.94%) Analyst
11 952 (3.77%) Graduate
12 867 (3.44%) DevOps Engineer
13 836 (3.31%) Junior
14 795 (3.15%) Lead Developer
15 772 (3.06%) Java Software Developer
16 742 (2.94%) Tester
17 704 (2.79%) JavaScript Developer
18 680 (2.70%) Senior Software Engineer
19 654 (2.59%) Graduate Developer
20 639 (2.53%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,783 (22.93%) Spring
2 4,942 (19.60%) HTML
3 3,847 (15.25%) Web Services
4 3,781 (14.99%) CSS
5 3,345 (13.26%) AngularJS
6 2,927 (11.61%) REST
7 2,875 (11.40%) .NET
8 2,632 (10.44%) Hibernate
9 2,349 (9.31%) J2EE
9 2,349 (9.31%) RESTful
10 2,182 (8.65%) XML
11 2,060 (8.17%) Node.js
12 1,816 (7.20%) React
13 1,795 (7.12%) HTML5
14 1,514 (6.00%) SOAP
15 1,437 (5.70%) Java EE
16 1,379 (5.47%) jQuery
17 1,254 (4.97%) JSON
18 1,121 (4.44%) Spring Boot
19 875 (3.47%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 3,068 (12.16%) Computer Science
2 1,711 (6.78%) Analytical Skills
3 1,633 (6.48%) Fintech
4 1,483 (5.88%) Greenfield Project
5 1,151 (4.56%) User Experience
6 1,024 (4.06%) Algorithms
7 972 (3.85%) Mobile App
8 934 (3.70%) Enterprise Software
9 500 (1.98%) Data Structures
10 479 (1.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 423 (1.68%) Equities
12 350 (1.39%) Derivative
13 329 (1.30%) Fixed Income
14 280 (1.11%) Hedge funds
15 253 (1.00%) Management Information System
16 237 (0.94%) Client/Server
17 224 (0.89%) Linux Command Line
18 202 (0.80%) Public Cloud
19 181 (0.72%) Virtual Team
20 172 (0.68%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 4,782 (18.96%) Linux
2 1,970 (7.81%) Unix
3 1,737 (6.89%) Windows
4 1,355 (5.37%) Android
5 809 (3.21%) Apple iOS
6 316 (1.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 301 (1.19%) Windows Server
8 222 (0.88%) CentOS
9 199 (0.79%) Solaris
10 160 (0.63%) AIX
11 138 (0.55%) Ubuntu
12 95 (0.38%) Mac OS
13 89 (0.35%) Mac OS X
14 77 (0.31%) Debian
15 51 (0.20%) HPUX
16 45 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
17 44 (0.17%) CoreOS
18 43 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
19 35 (0.14%) Embedded Linux
20 28 (0.11%) Nucleus RTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 12,365 (49.03%) Agile Software Development
2 5,637 (22.35%) Software Engineering
3 5,324 (21.11%) TDD
4 4,052 (16.07%) Test Automation
5 4,045 (16.04%) Scrum
6 3,466 (13.74%) DevOps
7 3,283 (13.02%) Continuous Integration
8 3,236 (12.83%) OO
9 3,008 (11.93%) BDD
10 2,879 (11.42%) Microservices
11 2,410 (9.56%) SDLC
12 2,071 (8.21%) Open Source
13 1,966 (7.80%) MVC
14 1,823 (7.23%) Mentoring
15 1,756 (6.96%) E-Commerce
16 1,570 (6.23%) Web Development
17 1,453 (5.76%) Multithreading
18 1,398 (5.54%) Analytics
19 1,382 (5.48%) Machine Learning
20 1,380 (5.47%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 7,674 (30.43%) JavaScript
2 6,561 (26.02%) SQL
3 5,938 (23.54%) Python
4 4,501 (17.85%) C#
5 3,431 (13.60%) C++
6 2,752 (10.91%) PHP
7 2,328 (9.23%) Scala
8 1,933 (7.66%) Ruby
9 1,425 (5.65%) C
10 966 (3.83%) Perl
11 752 (2.98%) Go
12 750 (2.97%) Bash Shell
13 698 (2.77%) Shell Script
14 619 (2.45%) Groovy
15 578 (2.29%) PL/SQL
16 548 (2.17%) R
17 447 (1.77%) PowerShell
18 351 (1.39%) Objective-C
19 308 (1.22%) T-SQL
20 260 (1.03%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 4,453 (17.66%) Degree
2 1,379 (5.47%) Computer Science Degree
3 834 (3.31%) Security Cleared
4 468 (1.86%) PhD
5 442 (1.75%) SC Cleared
6 270 (1.07%) ISTQB
7 262 (1.04%) Master's Degree
8 204 (0.81%) Numerate Degree
9 199 (0.79%) DV Cleared
10 145 (0.57%) ISEB
11 129 (0.51%) Sun Certification
12 74 (0.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 65 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
14 64 (0.25%) CISSP
15 55 (0.22%) Oracle Certification
16 54 (0.21%) SANS
17 51 (0.20%) AWS Certification
17 51 (0.20%) PMI Certification
18 40 (0.16%) RHCE
19 34 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,295 (9.10%) QA
2 116 (0.46%) GCP
2 116 (0.46%) SLA
3 82 (0.33%) Data Quality
4 58 (0.23%) PCI DSS
5 49 (0.19%) GDPR
6 47 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 36 (0.14%) PMO
8 31 (0.12%) MiFID
8 31 (0.12%) PSD2
9 23 (0.091%) COBIT
10 22 (0.087%) SEPA
11 19 (0.075%) HL7
12 15 (0.059%) WCAG
13 12 (0.048%) MISRA
14 11 (0.044%) Web Application Security Consortium
15 10 (0.040%) IFRS
15 10 (0.040%) IFRS 9
16 9 (0.036%) Disclosure Scotland
16 9 (0.036%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 2,362 (9.37%) Docker
2 265 (1.05%) VMware Infrastructure
3 162 (0.64%) HDFS
4 150 (0.59%) Active Directory
5 132 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
6 94 (0.37%) Apache Flume
7 61 (0.24%) vSphere
8 52 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 52 (0.21%) Hyper-V
9 50 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
10 39 (0.15%) KVM
11 32 (0.13%) VirtualBox
12 22 (0.087%) Oracle RAC
13 18 (0.071%) Firmware
14 17 (0.067%) NFS
15 13 (0.052%) VMware NSX
16 11 (0.044%) Xen
17 10 (0.040%) GridGain
17 10 (0.040%) Samba
18 9 (0.036%) OpenAM
Systems Management
1 1,224 (4.85%) Puppet
2 1,134 (4.50%) Ansible
3 945 (3.75%) Opscode Chef
4 884 (3.51%) Kubernetes
5 469 (1.86%) Terraform
6 163 (0.65%) Nagios
7 119 (0.47%) Salt
8 117 (0.46%) Kibana
9 116 (0.46%) Packer
10 103 (0.41%) Docker Swarm
11 91 (0.36%) Mesos
12 82 (0.33%) Single Sign-On
13 80 (0.32%) Hadoop YARN
14 79 (0.31%) HockeyApp
15 69 (0.27%) logstash
16 49 (0.19%) Prometheus
16 49 (0.19%) ZABBIX
17 48 (0.19%) HP ALM
18 46 (0.18%) Oozie
19 44 (0.17%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 3,134 (12.43%) Oracle
2 1,101 (4.37%) Microsoft
3 963 (3.82%) Google
4 529 (2.10%) SAP
5 440 (1.74%) IBM
6 400 (1.59%) VMware
7 397 (1.57%) Red Hat
8 387 (1.53%) Salesforce.com
9 272 (1.08%) Splunk
10 255 (1.01%) hybris
11 246 (0.98%) TIBCO
12 222 (0.88%) Sybase
13 214 (0.85%) Atlassian
14 200 (0.79%) WorldPay
15 189 (0.75%) Capita
16 172 (0.68%) Tableau
17 163 (0.65%) Adobe
18 162 (0.64%) Cloudera
19 160 (0.63%) Apple
19 160 (0.63%) HP