Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 13 11 9
Rank change year-on-year -2 -2 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 13,502 8,940 18,990
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 13.51% 14.07% 14.27%
As % of the Programming Languages category 24.29% 25.00% 26.48%
Number of salaries quoted 8,721 7,493 15,479
10th Percentile £41,250 £38,750 £35,000
25th Percentile £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.85% +4.00% +8.70%
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £81,250
90th Percentile £110,000 £110,000 £97,500
UK median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year - +8.33% +9.09%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 55,577 35,767 71,720
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.61% 56.31% 53.89%
Number of salaries quoted 38,489 30,084 59,800
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,000 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £86,250
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Salary trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Java in England

Java
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 7,710 £80,000 +3.23% 1,324
South East -2 1,893 £57,500 -4.17% 264
North of England +2 1,593 £55,000 +10.00% 424
South West -4 995 £52,500 +5.00% 144
Yorkshire 0 791 £55,000 +10.00% 134
Midlands +1 678 £52,500 +5.00% 201
North West +2 649 £55,000 +10.00% 242
West Midlands -1 438 £55,000 +15.79% 150
East of England +5 390 £60,000 +20.00% 113
East Midlands -6 235 £50,000 - 50
North East +6 153 £50,000 +11.11% 48
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 7,059 (52.28%) Agile Software Development
2 4,718 (34.94%) Python
3 4,715 (34.92%) AWS
4 4,608 (34.13%) Software Engineering
5 4,206 (31.15%) JavaScript
6 3,967 (29.38%) Microservices
7 3,517 (26.05%) Docker
8 3,491 (25.86%) Spring
9 3,444 (25.51%) DevOps
10 3,425 (25.37%) SQL
11 3,396 (25.15%) Finance
12 3,059 (22.66%) Kubernetes
13 2,695 (19.96%) Social Skills
14 2,656 (19.67%) TDD
15 2,632 (19.49%) React
16 2,431 (18.00%) Jenkins
17 2,419 (17.92%) Azure
18 2,238 (16.58%) Test Automation
19 2,149 (15.92%) Git (software)
19 2,149 (15.92%) C#
20 2,072 (15.35%) Linux
21 2,027 (15.01%) Scrum
22 1,912 (14.16%) Full Stack Development
23 1,911 (14.15%) AngularJS
24 1,897 (14.05%) Degree
25 1,877 (13.90%) REST
26 1,798 (13.32%) Node.js
27 1,797 (13.31%) Kafka
28 1,781 (13.19%) Spring Boot
29 1,723 (12.76%) Problem-Solving

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 775 (5.74%) Apache Spark
2 591 (4.38%) Elasticsearch
3 579 (4.29%) Apache
4 477 (3.53%) Confluence
5 278 (2.06%) Tomcat
6 211 (1.56%) GemFire
7 151 (1.12%) CMS
8 150 (1.11%) nginx
9 131 (0.97%) Cloud Foundry
10 124 (0.92%) Apache Airflow
11 86 (0.64%) JBoss
12 69 (0.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 65 (0.48%) Apache Solr
14 63 (0.47%) WebSphere
15 52 (0.39%) SAS
16 49 (0.36%) SharePoint
17 44 (0.33%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 41 (0.30%) WebLogic
19 40 (0.30%) IIS
20 35 (0.26%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 81 (0.60%) Microsoft Office
2 65 (0.48%) Microsoft Excel
3 48 (0.36%) Sketch
4 45 (0.33%) InVision
5 24 (0.18%) Photoshop
6 23 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
7 18 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
8 14 (0.10%) Figma
8 14 (0.10%) MS Visio
9 12 (0.089%) Adobe XD
9 12 (0.089%) Microsoft Project
10 11 (0.081%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 8 (0.059%) Chatbot
12 7 (0.052%) Siemens NX
12 7 (0.052%) Simulink
13 6 (0.044%) 3ds Max
13 6 (0.044%) Maya
13 6 (0.044%) ZBrush
14 5 (0.037%) Fireworks
15 4 (0.030%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 65 (0.48%) Distributed Ledger
2 42 (0.31%) R3 Corda
3 27 (0.20%) Shopify
4 25 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
5 23 (0.17%) Magento
5 23 (0.17%) SAP Business One
6 17 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
7 16 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
8 15 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
9 11 (0.081%) Summit
10 9 (0.067%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
10 9 (0.067%) Oracle BPM
11 8 (0.059%) Oracle ERP
11 8 (0.059%) PeopleSoft HCM
11 8 (0.059%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
12 7 (0.052%) Teamcenter
13 6 (0.044%) Bloomberg TOMS
13 6 (0.044%) ION MarketView
13 6 (0.044%) NetSuite
14 4 (0.030%) Dynamics AX
Cloud Services
1 4,715 (34.92%) AWS
2 2,419 (17.92%) Azure
3 1,719 (12.73%) GCP
4 1,159 (8.58%) Serverless
5 785 (5.81%) GitHub
6 647 (4.79%) SaaS
7 586 (4.34%) AWS Lambda
8 508 (3.76%) Amazon EC2
9 399 (2.96%) AWS CloudFormation
10 386 (2.86%) PaaS
11 316 (2.34%) Amazon ECS
12 314 (2.33%) Amazon S3
13 275 (2.04%) OpenShift
14 270 (2.00%) Amazon Kinesis
15 239 (1.77%) Cloud Computing
16 170 (1.26%) IaaS
17 152 (1.13%) Amazon EKS
18 147 (1.09%) Amazon SQS
19 144 (1.07%) Datadog
20 134 (0.99%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 458 (3.39%) HTTP
2 206 (1.53%) Internet
3 88 (0.65%) Firewall
4 86 (0.64%) Broadband
5 81 (0.60%) AMQP
6 61 (0.45%) TCP/IP
7 60 (0.44%) SSH
8 52 (0.39%) DNS
8 52 (0.39%) SSL
9 45 (0.33%) VPN
10 39 (0.29%) Network Security
11 30 (0.22%) Calico
12 26 (0.19%) FTP
13 20 (0.15%) LAN
14 19 (0.14%) WAN
15 17 (0.13%) IPsec
16 16 (0.12%) IPv4
16 16 (0.12%) SAN
16 16 (0.12%) SMTP
17 15 (0.11%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,496 (11.08%) NoSQL
2 1,394 (10.32%) PostgreSQL
3 1,161 (8.60%) Big Data
4 1,144 (8.47%) Relational Database
5 997 (7.38%) MySQL
6 935 (6.92%) MongoDB
7 708 (5.24%) Redis
8 671 (4.97%) SQL Server
9 563 (4.17%) Hadoop
10 502 (3.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 312 (2.31%) MariaDB
12 306 (2.27%) Apache Cassandra
13 290 (2.15%) RDBMS
14 262 (1.94%) HBase
15 250 (1.85%) Data Warehouse
16 245 (1.81%) Amazon Aurora
17 209 (1.55%) Amazon RDS
18 195 (1.44%) Oracle Database
19 157 (1.16%) Blockchain
20 138 (1.02%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 2,431 (18.00%) Jenkins
2 2,149 (15.92%) Git (software)
3 1,061 (7.86%) JIRA
4 879 (6.51%) Selenium
5 875 (6.48%) JUnit
6 862 (6.38%) Maven
7 842 (6.24%) Cucumber
8 618 (4.58%) Gradle
9 435 (3.22%) Mockito
10 434 (3.21%) GitLab
11 361 (2.67%) IntelliJ
12 343 (2.54%) Eclipse
13 334 (2.47%) Cypress.io
14 302 (2.24%) Sonatype Nexus
15 300 (2.22%) JMeter
16 299 (2.21%) Postman
17 298 (2.21%) SonarQube
18 274 (2.03%) Protractor
19 263 (1.95%) Artifactory
20 250 (1.85%) Bitbucket
General
1 3,396 (25.15%) Finance
2 2,695 (19.96%) Social Skills
3 1,504 (11.14%) Banking
4 770 (5.70%) Analytical Skills
5 578 (4.28%) Front Office
6 577 (4.27%) Retail
7 493 (3.65%) Law
8 486 (3.60%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 484 (3.58%) Games
10 400 (2.96%) Public Sector
11 383 (2.84%) Marketing
12 275 (2.04%) Investment Banking
13 256 (1.90%) Presentation Skills
14 185 (1.37%) Manufacturing
15 158 (1.17%) Telecoms
16 150 (1.11%) Legal
17 133 (0.99%) Advertising
18 132 (0.98%) Financial Institution
19 119 (0.88%) Electronics
20 117 (0.87%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 5,965 (44.18%) Developer
2 3,319 (24.58%) Java Developer
3 2,583 (19.13%) Software Engineer
4 1,239 (9.18%) Java Engineer
4 1,239 (9.18%) Senior Developer
5 829 (6.14%) Senior Java Developer
6 717 (5.31%) Senior Software Engineer
7 686 (5.08%) Java Software Engineer
8 669 (4.95%) Architect
9 552 (4.09%) Software Developer
10 549 (4.07%) Full Stack Developer
11 533 (3.95%) DevOps Engineer
12 489 (3.62%) Lead Developer
13 395 (2.93%) Senior Java Engineer
14 389 (2.88%) AWS Engineer
15 382 (2.83%) Data Engineer
16 350 (2.59%) Python Engineer
17 326 (2.41%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 309 (2.29%) Python Developer
19 289 (2.14%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,491 (25.86%) Spring
2 2,632 (19.49%) React
3 1,911 (14.15%) AngularJS
4 1,877 (13.90%) REST
5 1,798 (13.32%) Node.js
6 1,797 (13.31%) Kafka
7 1,781 (13.19%) Spring Boot
8 1,710 (12.66%) Web Services
9 1,527 (11.31%) CSS
10 1,523 (11.28%) HTML
11 1,421 (10.52%) RESTful
12 1,075 (7.96%) .NET
13 784 (5.81%) Hibernate
14 705 (5.22%) JSON
15 650 (4.81%) RabbitMQ
16 591 (4.38%) HTML5
17 585 (4.33%) GraphQL
18 583 (4.32%) XML
19 560 (4.15%) Vue.js
20 511 (3.78%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 751 (5.56%) User Experience
2 666 (4.93%) Greenfield Project
3 658 (4.87%) Algorithms
4 566 (4.19%) Mobile App
5 561 (4.15%) Data Structures
6 422 (3.13%) Hedge funds
7 419 (3.10%) Derivative
8 404 (2.99%) Fixed Income
9 389 (2.88%) Self-Motivation
10 369 (2.73%) Equities
11 368 (2.73%) Cloud Native
12 363 (2.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 341 (2.53%) Enterprise Software
14 305 (2.26%) Linux Command Line
15 233 (1.73%) Virtual Team
16 197 (1.46%) NHS
17 165 (1.22%) Legacy Systems
18 164 (1.21%) Public Cloud
19 151 (1.12%) Blog
20 141 (1.04%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 2,072 (15.35%) Linux
2 792 (5.87%) Unix
3 757 (5.61%) Android
4 611 (4.53%) Windows
5 416 (3.08%) Apple iOS
6 184 (1.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 116 (0.86%) CentOS
8 88 (0.65%) Ubuntu
9 45 (0.33%) Windows Server
10 44 (0.33%) Mac OS X
11 29 (0.21%) Mesosphere
12 23 (0.17%) Debian
13 22 (0.16%) Solaris
14 19 (0.14%) Mac OS
15 17 (0.13%) Windows Server 2016
16 15 (0.11%) Embedded Linux
17 13 (0.096%) Windows 10
18 11 (0.081%) Windows Server 2008
19 8 (0.059%) Windows Server 2012
20 6 (0.044%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,059 (52.28%) Agile Software Development
2 4,608 (34.13%) Software Engineering
3 3,967 (29.38%) Microservices
4 3,444 (25.51%) DevOps
5 2,656 (19.67%) TDD
6 2,238 (16.58%) Test Automation
7 2,027 (15.01%) Scrum
8 1,912 (14.16%) Full Stack Development
9 1,723 (12.76%) Problem-Solving
10 1,658 (12.28%) Computer Science
11 1,629 (12.06%) Continuous Integration
12 1,544 (11.44%) OO
13 1,449 (10.73%) BDD
14 1,393 (10.32%) Mentoring
15 1,281 (9.49%) Open Source
16 1,256 (9.30%) Analytics
17 1,229 (9.10%) Fintech
18 997 (7.38%) SDLC
19 844 (6.25%) OOP
20 837 (6.20%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 4,718 (34.94%) Python
2 4,206 (31.15%) JavaScript
3 3,425 (25.37%) SQL
4 2,149 (15.92%) C#
5 1,376 (10.19%) C++
6 1,301 (9.64%) TypeScript
7 1,275 (9.44%) Java 8
8 1,274 (9.44%) Kotlin
9 1,189 (8.81%) Scala
10 1,080 (8.00%) Go
11 591 (4.38%) PHP
12 588 (4.35%) Ruby
13 586 (4.34%) C
14 502 (3.72%) Groovy
15 480 (3.56%) Bash Shell
16 388 (2.87%) Shell Script
17 383 (2.84%) Java 11
18 248 (1.84%) PowerShell
19 203 (1.50%) Perl
20 196 (1.45%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 1,897 (14.05%) Degree
2 829 (6.14%) Security Cleared
3 750 (5.55%) Computer Science Degree
4 697 (5.16%) SC Cleared
5 261 (1.93%) Oracle Certification
6 252 (1.87%) OCP
7 178 (1.32%) Master's Degree
8 121 (0.90%) ISTQB
9 113 (0.84%) Numerate Degree
10 109 (0.81%) DV Cleared
11 105 (0.78%) PhD
12 61 (0.45%) AWS Certification
13 60 (0.44%) CIW
13 60 (0.44%) OCA
14 37 (0.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 30 (0.22%) ISEB
16 29 (0.21%) SANS
17 20 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
18 19 (0.14%) HND
19 17 (0.13%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,192 (8.83%) QA
2 123 (0.91%) Accessibility
3 119 (0.88%) Data Quality
4 105 (0.78%) SLA
5 77 (0.57%) GDPR
6 44 (0.33%) WCAG
7 38 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 29 (0.21%) MiFID
9 25 (0.19%) EMIR
10 24 (0.18%) GRC
10 24 (0.18%) PCI DSS
11 21 (0.16%) PMO
12 17 (0.13%) NIST
13 13 (0.096%) HIPAA
13 13 (0.096%) ISO 20022
14 12 (0.089%) SOC 2
15 10 (0.074%) HL7
15 10 (0.074%) PSD2
16 8 (0.059%) CDISC
16 8 (0.059%) ISO 15022
System Software
1 3,517 (26.05%) Docker
2 224 (1.66%) VMware Infrastructure
3 208 (1.54%) HDFS
4 82 (0.61%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 72 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
6 58 (0.43%) Active Directory
7 27 (0.20%) NDS
7 27 (0.20%) NetIQ eDirectory
8 25 (0.19%) KVM
9 24 (0.18%) Hyper-V
10 19 (0.14%) Postfix
11 16 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
12 14 (0.10%) Virtual Servers
13 12 (0.089%) Firmware
13 12 (0.089%) vSphere
14 11 (0.081%) etcd
14 11 (0.081%) ISA Server
15 10 (0.074%) Apache Flume
16 7 (0.052%) Ceph
16 7 (0.052%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 3,059 (22.66%) Kubernetes
2 1,493 (11.06%) Terraform
3 1,247 (9.24%) Ansible
4 481 (3.56%) Opscode Chef
5 445 (3.30%) Puppet
6 343 (2.54%) Prometheus
7 326 (2.41%) Grafana
8 116 (0.86%) Kibana
9 68 (0.50%) Docker Swarm
10 66 (0.49%) logstash
11 58 (0.43%) Graphite
12 52 (0.39%) Consul
13 50 (0.37%) Istio
14 43 (0.32%) HP Quality Center
15 35 (0.26%) Mesos
16 32 (0.24%) ZABBIX
17 31 (0.23%) Nagios
18 29 (0.21%) Automic
19 28 (0.21%) Packer
20 27 (0.20%) NetIQ Identity Manager
Vendors
1 1,352 (10.01%) Oracle
2 753 (5.58%) Google
3 636 (4.71%) Microsoft
4 307 (2.27%) VMware
5 231 (1.71%) Red Hat
6 218 (1.61%) IBM
7 216 (1.60%) Splunk
8 198 (1.47%) Okta
9 183 (1.36%) SAP
10 167 (1.24%) Atlassian
11 163 (1.21%) Sybase
12 129 (0.96%) Salesforce.com
13 113 (0.84%) New Relic
14 80 (0.59%) Adobe
15 68 (0.50%) SaltStack
16 63 (0.47%) AppDynamics
17 59 (0.44%) Apple
18 57 (0.42%) Instagram
19 55 (0.41%) Bloomberg
20 52 (0.39%) MuleSoft