Period
to 24 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 24 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 12 9 8
Rank change year-on-year -3 -1 +1
Permanent jobs citing Java 8,237 16,367 21,882
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 14.38% 14.08% 15.51%
As % of the Programming Languages category 24.73% 26.00% 28.25%
Number of salaries quoted 8,275 14,472 18,892
Median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +8.33% +9.09%
10th Percentile £41,250 £36,250 £33,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £110,000 £93,750
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +9.09%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 33,311 62,945 77,456
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 58.14% 54.15% 54.91%
Number of salaries quoted 28,435 52,842 65,367
Median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Salary trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 24 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Java in England

Java
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 24 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 4,551 £75,000 - 876
South East +1 1,201 £60,000 +14.29% 236
North of England -4 990 £52,500 +5.00% 307
South West +5 705 £50,000 - 116
Yorkshire +4 503 £52,500 +5.00% 96
Midlands -6 408 £52,500 +5.00% 128
North West -11 358 £55,000 +4.76% 169
West Midlands +10 268 £52,500 +8.47% 86
East of England -1 262 £57,500 +4.55% 90
East Midlands -14 138 £50,000 -0.50% 41
North East +12 128 £50,000 +18.34% 42
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 24 January 2021, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 3,971 (48.21%) Agile Software Development
2 2,854 (34.65%) Python
3 2,598 (31.54%) JavaScript
4 2,548 (30.93%) AWS
5 2,086 (25.32%) SQL
6 2,035 (24.71%) Software Engineering
7 1,955 (23.73%) DevOps
8 1,850 (22.46%) Microservices
9 1,841 (22.35%) Docker
10 1,823 (22.13%) Spring
11 1,774 (21.54%) Finance
12 1,495 (18.15%) Kubernetes
13 1,468 (17.82%) TDD
14 1,382 (16.78%) Azure
15 1,358 (16.49%) C#
16 1,305 (15.84%) Test Automation
17 1,240 (15.05%) Scrum
18 1,129 (13.71%) Jenkins
19 1,068 (12.97%) AngularJS
20 1,032 (12.53%) Spring Boot
21 1,008 (12.24%) Linux
22 1,003 (12.18%) React
23 969 (11.76%) Git (software)
24 963 (11.69%) Web Services
25 898 (10.90%) Degree
26 896 (10.88%) Node.js
27 872 (10.59%) GCP
28 848 (10.30%) Continuous Integration
29 844 (10.25%) HTML
30 842 (10.22%) Kafka

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 336 (4.08%) Elasticsearch
2 323 (3.92%) Apache Spark
3 282 (3.42%) Apache
4 278 (3.38%) Confluence
5 146 (1.77%) Tomcat
6 99 (1.20%) WebSphere
7 88 (1.07%) JBoss
8 73 (0.89%) SAS
9 71 (0.86%) CMS
10 60 (0.73%) nginx
11 58 (0.70%) Cloud Foundry
12 52 (0.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 51 (0.62%) WebLogic
14 45 (0.55%) Red Hat Fuse
15 43 (0.52%) Mule
16 29 (0.35%) Apache Airflow
17 28 (0.34%) IIS
18 22 (0.27%) Apache Solr
18 22 (0.27%) OpenStack
19 20 (0.24%) Apache ServiceMix
Applications
1 37 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
2 35 (0.42%) Sketch
3 29 (0.35%) Adobe XD
4 22 (0.27%) Figma
5 18 (0.22%) Microsoft Excel
6 16 (0.19%) InVision
7 14 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
8 10 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 10 (0.12%) MS Visio
9 5 (0.061%) Chatbot
9 5 (0.061%) SPSS
9 5 (0.061%) Zeplin
10 4 (0.049%) Simulink
11 3 (0.036%) Adobe Illustrator
11 3 (0.036%) Maya
11 3 (0.036%) Photoshop
12 2 (0.024%) Blender
12 2 (0.024%) Microsoft Project
13 1 (0.012%) Quicktime
Business Applications
1 29 (0.35%) Payment Gateway
2 20 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
3 16 (0.19%) Remedy ITSM
4 15 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
5 14 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
6 9 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
7 8 (0.097%) R3 Corda
7 8 (0.097%) SAP GTS
7 8 (0.097%) Sentinel
7 8 (0.097%) Shopify
8 7 (0.085%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 6 (0.073%) Magento
10 5 (0.061%) Distributed Ledger
10 5 (0.061%) FINCAD Analytics
10 5 (0.061%) Oracle ERP
10 5 (0.061%) SAP CRM
11 4 (0.049%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 4 (0.049%) Temenos T24
12 3 (0.036%) PeopleSoft HCM
12 3 (0.036%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 2,548 (30.93%) AWS
2 1,382 (16.78%) Azure
3 872 (10.59%) GCP
4 403 (4.89%) SaaS
5 387 (4.70%) Serverless
6 261 (3.17%) AWS Lambda
7 224 (2.72%) Amazon EC2
8 178 (2.16%) GitHub
9 171 (2.08%) PaaS
10 161 (1.95%) Amazon S3
11 150 (1.82%) AWS CloudFormation
12 123 (1.49%) IaaS
13 119 (1.44%) Amazon ECS
14 115 (1.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 106 (1.29%) OpenShift
16 101 (1.23%) Cloud Computing
17 82 (1.00%) Apigee
18 77 (0.93%) Datadog
19 76 (0.92%) Power Platform
20 72 (0.87%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 148 (1.80%) HTTP
2 80 (0.97%) TCP/IP
3 77 (0.93%) Internet
4 57 (0.69%) DNS
5 53 (0.64%) Firewall
6 32 (0.39%) HTTPS
7 24 (0.29%) FTP
8 21 (0.25%) Wireless
9 19 (0.23%) SMTP
10 18 (0.22%) VPN
11 17 (0.21%) SSH
12 16 (0.19%) AMQP
13 13 (0.16%) IMAP
13 13 (0.16%) SSL
14 12 (0.15%) Network Security
15 11 (0.13%) Bluetooth
16 10 (0.12%) DHCP
17 9 (0.11%) Broadband
17 9 (0.11%) DAB
18 8 (0.097%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 723 (8.78%) NoSQL
2 650 (7.89%) PostgreSQL
3 601 (7.30%) Big Data
4 535 (6.50%) MySQL
5 459 (5.57%) SQL Server
6 441 (5.35%) MongoDB
7 398 (4.83%) Relational Database
8 345 (4.19%) Hadoop
9 191 (2.32%) Redis
10 178 (2.16%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 161 (1.95%) Apache Cassandra
12 128 (1.55%) Data Warehouse
13 114 (1.38%) Apache Hive
14 111 (1.35%) Blockchain
15 109 (1.32%) Amazon Redshift
16 79 (0.96%) Oracle Database
17 73 (0.89%) BigQuery
17 73 (0.89%) Power BI
18 71 (0.86%) RDBMS
19 66 (0.80%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 1,129 (13.71%) Jenkins
2 969 (11.76%) Git (software)
3 681 (8.27%) Selenium
4 596 (7.24%) JIRA
5 461 (5.60%) Cucumber
6 417 (5.06%) Maven
7 379 (4.60%) JUnit
8 210 (2.55%) WebDriver
9 198 (2.40%) GitLab
10 185 (2.25%) Gradle
11 171 (2.08%) Appium
12 156 (1.89%) Subversion
13 145 (1.76%) Mockito
14 129 (1.57%) JMeter
15 109 (1.32%) Mercurial
16 107 (1.30%) IntelliJ
17 106 (1.29%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 104 (1.26%) Artifactory
19 102 (1.24%) Bitbucket
20 94 (1.14%) TeamCity
General
1 1,774 (21.54%) Finance
2 712 (8.64%) Banking
3 468 (5.68%) Front Office
4 331 (4.02%) Public Sector
5 216 (2.62%) Games
6 201 (2.44%) Retail
7 172 (2.09%) Marketing
8 171 (2.08%) Investment Banking
9 148 (1.80%) Telecoms
10 113 (1.37%) Law
11 89 (1.08%) Electronics
12 78 (0.95%) Manufacturing
13 67 (0.81%) Advertising
14 56 (0.68%) Back Office
15 45 (0.55%) Legal
16 39 (0.47%) Billing
16 39 (0.47%) Publishing
17 35 (0.42%) Financial Institution
18 33 (0.40%) Multimedia
19 32 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 4,000 (48.56%) Developer
2 2,210 (26.83%) Java Developer
3 1,142 (13.86%) Software Engineer
4 866 (10.51%) Senior Developer
5 756 (9.18%) Java Engineer
6 550 (6.68%) Senior Java Developer
7 449 (5.45%) Architect
8 391 (4.75%) Java Software Engineer
9 370 (4.49%) Full Stack Developer
10 366 (4.44%) Lead Developer
11 365 (4.43%) DevOps Engineer
12 345 (4.19%) Software Developer
13 315 (3.82%) Python Developer
14 289 (3.51%) Python Engineer
15 257 (3.12%) Developer/Software Engineer
16 246 (2.99%) Data Engineer
17 239 (2.90%) Tester
18 235 (2.85%) Senior Software Engineer
19 224 (2.72%) JavaScript Developer
20 208 (2.53%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,823 (22.13%) Spring
2 1,068 (12.97%) AngularJS
3 1,032 (12.53%) Spring Boot
4 1,003 (12.18%) React
5 963 (11.69%) Web Services
6 896 (10.88%) Node.js
7 844 (10.25%) HTML
8 842 (10.22%) Kafka
9 767 (9.31%) CSS
10 719 (8.73%) REST
11 672 (8.16%) .NET
12 663 (8.05%) RESTful
13 440 (5.34%) Hibernate
14 405 (4.92%) Vue.js
15 292 (3.54%) JSON
16 283 (3.44%) HTML5
17 269 (3.27%) XML
18 268 (3.25%) SOAP
19 258 (3.13%) RabbitMQ
20 254 (3.08%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 479 (5.82%) Greenfield Project
2 475 (5.77%) Analytical Skills
3 438 (5.32%) Fixed Income
4 365 (4.43%) Mobile App
5 354 (4.30%) Algorithms
6 349 (4.24%) Derivative
7 337 (4.09%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 331 (4.02%) Hedge funds
9 295 (3.58%) Equities
10 260 (3.16%) User Experience
11 258 (3.13%) Data Structures
12 202 (2.45%) Enterprise Software
13 201 (2.44%) Self-Motivation
14 179 (2.17%) Cloud Native
15 109 (1.32%) Management Information System
15 109 (1.32%) Virtual Team
16 93 (1.13%) Public Cloud
17 73 (0.89%) NHS
18 65 (0.79%) Credit Derivative
19 62 (0.75%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 1,008 (12.24%) Linux
2 477 (5.79%) Android
3 343 (4.16%) Unix
3 343 (4.16%) Windows
4 262 (3.18%) Apple iOS
5 89 (1.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 76 (0.92%) CentOS
7 33 (0.40%) Ubuntu
8 30 (0.36%) Windows Server
9 15 (0.18%) CoreOS
9 15 (0.18%) zOS
10 10 (0.12%) Mac OS
10 10 (0.12%) VMS
11 9 (0.11%) Mac OS X
11 9 (0.11%) Solaris
12 6 (0.073%) AIX
13 5 (0.061%) Windows Server 2016
14 4 (0.049%) Debian
14 4 (0.049%) Embedded Linux
15 3 (0.036%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,971 (48.21%) Agile Software Development
2 2,035 (24.71%) Software Engineering
3 1,955 (23.73%) DevOps
4 1,850 (22.46%) Microservices
5 1,468 (17.82%) TDD
6 1,305 (15.84%) Test Automation
7 1,240 (15.05%) Scrum
8 848 (10.30%) Continuous Integration
9 809 (9.82%) BDD
10 735 (8.92%) OO
11 703 (8.53%) Fintech
12 674 (8.18%) Computer Science
13 637 (7.73%) Problem-Solving
14 631 (7.66%) Analytics
15 551 (6.69%) Mentoring
16 540 (6.56%) Open Source
17 493 (5.99%) SDLC
18 454 (5.51%) Machine Learning
19 398 (4.83%) Asset Management
20 364 (4.42%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 2,854 (34.65%) Python
2 2,598 (31.54%) JavaScript
3 2,086 (25.32%) SQL
4 1,358 (16.49%) C#
5 805 (9.77%) C++
6 725 (8.80%) Java 8
7 672 (8.16%) Kotlin
8 647 (7.85%) Go
9 572 (6.94%) Scala
10 564 (6.85%) TypeScript
11 386 (4.69%) Ruby
12 369 (4.48%) C
13 323 (3.92%) PHP
14 280 (3.40%) Bash Shell
15 184 (2.23%) PowerShell
16 175 (2.12%) R
17 170 (2.06%) Perl
18 141 (1.71%) Shell Script
19 129 (1.57%) Apple Swift
20 121 (1.47%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 898 (10.90%) Degree
2 517 (6.28%) Security Cleared
3 399 (4.84%) SC Cleared
4 262 (3.18%) Computer Science Degree
5 121 (1.47%) DV Cleared
6 102 (1.24%) ISTQB
7 98 (1.19%) Numerate Degree
8 69 (0.84%) ISEB
8 69 (0.84%) PhD
9 57 (0.69%) Master's Degree
10 31 (0.38%) Sun Certification
11 29 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
12 21 (0.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 16 (0.19%) CFA
13 16 (0.19%) Oracle Certification
14 15 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
15 14 (0.17%) CISSP
15 14 (0.17%) HND
16 12 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
17 11 (0.13%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 539 (6.54%) QA
2 48 (0.58%) NIST
3 37 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 32 (0.39%) SLA
5 31 (0.38%) GDPR
6 24 (0.29%) Data Quality
7 16 (0.19%) MiFID
8 15 (0.18%) WCAG
9 13 (0.16%) NCSC
10 12 (0.15%) EMIR
11 11 (0.13%) PCI DSS
12 10 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
13 9 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 9 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 9 (0.11%) PMO
14 8 (0.097%) COBIT
15 6 (0.073%) ISO 9001
16 5 (0.061%) ISO 13485
17 3 (0.036%) IEC 62304
17 3 (0.036%) PSD2
System Software
1 1,841 (22.35%) Docker
2 72 (0.87%) Active Directory
3 69 (0.84%) VMware Infrastructure
4 53 (0.64%) HDFS
5 23 (0.28%) Firmware
6 21 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 19 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
8 15 (0.18%) Hyper-V
9 13 (0.16%) BitLocker
10 12 (0.15%) Postfix
11 7 (0.085%) XenApp
12 5 (0.061%) vSphere
13 4 (0.049%) KVM
13 4 (0.049%) LXC
13 4 (0.049%) NDS
13 4 (0.049%) NetIQ eDirectory
13 4 (0.049%) NFS
13 4 (0.049%) VirtualBox
14 3 (0.036%) Apache Flume
14 3 (0.036%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,495 (18.15%) Kubernetes
2 730 (8.86%) Terraform
3 635 (7.71%) Ansible
4 296 (3.59%) Puppet
5 238 (2.89%) Opscode Chef
6 126 (1.53%) Grafana
7 105 (1.27%) Prometheus
8 64 (0.78%) ZABBIX
9 41 (0.50%) Istio
10 36 (0.44%) Packer
11 32 (0.39%) Graphite
12 29 (0.35%) HP Quality Center
12 29 (0.35%) Kibana
13 28 (0.34%) Docker Swarm
14 26 (0.32%) Nagios
14 26 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
15 23 (0.28%) Fortio
15 23 (0.28%) Kiali
16 20 (0.24%) Consul
17 17 (0.21%) Norton AntiVirus
Vendors
1 567 (6.88%) Oracle
2 465 (5.65%) Google
3 324 (3.93%) Microsoft
4 181 (2.20%) IBM
5 144 (1.75%) SAP
6 136 (1.65%) Red Hat
7 130 (1.58%) MuleSoft
8 110 (1.34%) Splunk
9 100 (1.21%) Salesforce.com
10 86 (1.04%) VMware
11 85 (1.03%) Talend
12 83 (1.01%) Atlassian
13 80 (0.97%) New Relic
13 80 (0.97%) ServiceNow
14 72 (0.87%) Adobe
15 60 (0.73%) Apple
15 60 (0.73%) TIBCO
16 59 (0.72%) Informatica
17 57 (0.69%) Dell
18 55 (0.67%) Cloudera