Period
to 20 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 20 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
20 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 8 8 8
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +5
Permanent jobs citing Java 18,546 24,619 26,270
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 14.16% 15.60% 15.89%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.31% 27.83% 28.60%
Number of salaries quoted 14,986 19,621 20,411
England median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £100,000 £92,500 £86,250
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 70,501 88,457 91,848
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 53.81% 56.04% 55.55%
Number of salaries quoted 58,191 73,935 76,682
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £29,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java in England.

Salary trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 20 August 2019.

Salary histogram for Java in England

Java
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 20 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 9,849 £75,000 +11.11% 1,538
South East +1 3,362 £55,000 +4.76% 478
North of England -1 2,196 £50,000 +5.26% 455
North West -2 1,256 £52,500 +7.14% 263
South West -5 1,244 £50,000 +5.26% 223
Midlands -5 1,027 £47,500 -1.04% 245
East of England -2 813 £55,000 +4.76% 211
Yorkshire -11 788 £45,000 - 141
East Midlands +1 536 £47,500 -5.00% 103
West Midlands -17 484 £45,000 -5.26% 141
North East -5 150 £47,500 - 52
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 20 August 2019, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 9,386 (50.61%) Agile Software Development
2 5,161 (27.83%) Python
3 4,963 (26.76%) JavaScript
4 4,917 (26.51%) Software Engineering
5 4,665 (25.15%) SQL
6 4,439 (23.94%) Amazon AWS
7 4,194 (22.61%) Spring
8 4,130 (22.27%) Finance
9 3,700 (19.95%) DevOps
10 3,689 (19.89%) C#
11 3,452 (18.61%) Microservices
12 3,334 (17.98%) Docker
13 3,279 (17.68%) TDD
14 3,101 (16.72%) Test Automation
15 3,026 (16.32%) Linux
16 2,793 (15.06%) Scrum
17 2,598 (14.01%) Git (software)
18 2,544 (13.72%) C++
19 2,493 (13.44%) Degree
20 2,490 (13.43%) Jenkins
21 2,401 (12.95%) Web Services
22 2,339 (12.61%) HTML
23 2,274 (12.26%) Continuous Integration
24 2,272 (12.25%) AngularJS
25 2,148 (11.58%) Oracle
26 2,135 (11.51%) .NET
27 2,108 (11.37%) Kubernetes
28 2,042 (11.01%) Java 8
29 1,981 (10.68%) Microsoft Azure
30 1,969 (10.62%) BDD

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,019 (5.49%) Apache Spark
2 736 (3.97%) Tomcat
3 686 (3.70%) Confluence
4 597 (3.22%) Apache
5 572 (3.08%) Elasticsearch
6 373 (2.01%) JBoss
7 304 (1.64%) WebSphere
8 191 (1.03%) WebLogic
9 184 (0.99%) CMS
10 181 (0.98%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 151 (0.81%) IIS
12 145 (0.78%) Oracle Workflow
13 144 (0.78%) Apache Solr
14 125 (0.67%) Apache Pig
15 123 (0.66%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 115 (0.62%) SharePoint
17 113 (0.61%) SAS
18 97 (0.52%) nginx
19 94 (0.51%) BizTalk Server
20 82 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 111 (0.60%) Microsoft Excel
2 91 (0.49%) Microsoft Office
3 55 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 28 (0.15%) Photoshop
5 20 (0.11%) Chatbot
6 14 (0.075%) Adobe Illustrator
6 14 (0.075%) EngageOne
6 14 (0.075%) Simulink
7 13 (0.070%) Spreadsheet
8 12 (0.065%) Adobe Premiere
8 12 (0.065%) SPSS
9 11 (0.059%) Microsoft Project
10 10 (0.054%) MS Visio
11 8 (0.043%) Fireworks
12 7 (0.038%) Zeplin
13 6 (0.032%) Sketch
14 5 (0.027%) InDesign
14 5 (0.027%) Maya
15 4 (0.022%) Acrobat
15 4 (0.022%) Weka
Business Applications
1 90 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
1 90 (0.49%) Payment Gateway
2 76 (0.41%) thinkFolio
3 66 (0.36%) Dynamics AX
4 63 (0.34%) Markit EDM
5 61 (0.33%) Magento
6 57 (0.31%) Front Arena
6 57 (0.31%) SAP Hybris
7 46 (0.25%) Oracle EBS
8 33 (0.18%) Oracle Applications
9 32 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 29 (0.16%) Oracle EBS R12
10 29 (0.16%) SDL Web 8
11 27 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
12 25 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
13 23 (0.12%) Summit
14 22 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
15 16 (0.086%) Remedy ITSM
16 15 (0.081%) R3 Corda
17 14 (0.075%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 4,439 (23.94%) Amazon AWS
2 1,981 (10.68%) Microsoft Azure
3 1,142 (6.16%) Google Cloud Platform
4 853 (4.60%) SaaS
5 595 (3.21%) Serverless
6 548 (2.95%) GitHub
7 406 (2.19%) Amazon EC2
8 388 (2.09%) AWS Lambda
9 364 (1.96%) Amazon S3
10 359 (1.94%) OpenShift
11 324 (1.75%) Cloud Computing
12 295 (1.59%) PaaS
13 274 (1.48%) AWS CloudFormation
14 194 (1.05%) Power Platform
15 193 (1.04%) Amazon ECS
16 172 (0.93%) Amazon SQS
17 156 (0.84%) IaaS
18 103 (0.56%) npm
19 90 (0.49%) Office 365
20 87 (0.47%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 340 (1.83%) HTTP
2 260 (1.40%) Internet
3 209 (1.13%) Firewall
4 204 (1.10%) TCP/IP
5 98 (0.53%) DNS
6 94 (0.51%) Broadband
7 66 (0.36%) SSL
8 58 (0.31%) SSH
9 53 (0.29%) Bluetooth
10 51 (0.27%) Network Security
11 49 (0.26%) VPN
12 45 (0.24%) Wireless
13 37 (0.20%) VoIP
14 36 (0.19%) WAN
15 35 (0.19%) Ethernet
15 35 (0.19%) FTP
16 33 (0.18%) HTTPS
17 29 (0.16%) SAN
18 22 (0.12%) DHCP
19 21 (0.11%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,539 (8.30%) Big Data
2 1,380 (7.44%) NoSQL
3 1,318 (7.11%) SQL Server
4 1,165 (6.28%) MySQL
5 1,103 (5.95%) Hadoop
6 985 (5.31%) Relational Database
7 954 (5.14%) PostgreSQL
8 939 (5.06%) MongoDB
9 506 (2.73%) Apache Cassandra
10 429 (2.31%) RDBMS
11 392 (2.11%) Apache Hive
12 340 (1.83%) Data Warehouse
13 333 (1.80%) Oracle Database
14 323 (1.74%) Redis
15 298 (1.61%) HBase
16 281 (1.52%) Amazon RDS
17 279 (1.50%) Blockchain
18 278 (1.50%) Amazon Redshift
19 205 (1.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 193 (1.04%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 2,598 (14.01%) Git (software)
2 2,490 (13.43%) Jenkins
3 1,720 (9.27%) Selenium
4 1,619 (8.73%) JIRA
5 1,477 (7.96%) Maven
6 1,208 (6.51%) Cucumber
7 1,000 (5.39%) JUnit
8 570 (3.07%) WebDriver
9 516 (2.78%) Subversion
10 509 (2.74%) Gradle
11 426 (2.30%) Bitbucket
11 426 (2.30%) TeamCity
12 365 (1.97%) JMeter
13 356 (1.92%) Eclipse
14 354 (1.91%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 311 (1.68%) SoapUI
16 301 (1.62%) Mockito
17 255 (1.37%) GitLab
18 254 (1.37%) Team Foundation Server
19 237 (1.28%) Appium
General
1 4,130 (22.27%) Finance
2 1,554 (8.38%) Banking
3 996 (5.37%) Retail
4 822 (4.43%) Front Office
5 520 (2.80%) Games
6 494 (2.66%) Marketing
7 486 (2.62%) Public Sector
8 435 (2.35%) Telecoms
9 317 (1.71%) Investment Banking
10 294 (1.59%) Law
11 272 (1.47%) Manufacturing
12 198 (1.07%) Electronics
13 187 (1.01%) Advertising
14 174 (0.94%) Back Office
15 170 (0.92%) Financial Institution
16 101 (0.54%) Legal
17 97 (0.52%) Aerospace
17 97 (0.52%) Automotive
18 92 (0.50%) Publishing
19 75 (0.40%) Military
Job Titles
1 9,110 (49.12%) Developer
2 5,631 (30.36%) Java Developer
3 2,126 (11.46%) Software Engineer
4 1,958 (10.56%) Senior Developer
5 1,358 (7.32%) Senior Java Developer
6 1,351 (7.28%) Java Engineer
7 1,159 (6.25%) Architect
8 1,002 (5.40%) Software Developer
9 851 (4.59%) DevOps Engineer
10 777 (4.19%) Java Software Engineer
11 673 (3.63%) Analyst
12 648 (3.49%) Junior
13 579 (3.12%) Test Engineer
14 515 (2.78%) Lead Developer
15 497 (2.68%) Data Engineer
16 491 (2.65%) Senior Software Engineer
17 490 (2.64%) AWS Engineer
18 486 (2.62%) Solutions Architect
19 478 (2.58%) Consultant
20 461 (2.49%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,194 (22.61%) Spring
2 2,401 (12.95%) Web Services
3 2,339 (12.61%) HTML
4 2,272 (12.25%) AngularJS
5 2,135 (11.51%) .NET
6 1,859 (10.02%) CSS
7 1,762 (9.50%) Spring Boot
8 1,655 (8.92%) REST
9 1,643 (8.86%) RESTful
10 1,638 (8.83%) React
11 1,611 (8.69%) Node.js
12 1,250 (6.74%) Hibernate
13 1,172 (6.32%) Kafka
14 1,156 (6.23%) XML
15 1,147 (6.18%) J2EE
16 883 (4.76%) JSON
17 808 (4.36%) SOAP
18 777 (4.19%) HTML5
19 590 (3.18%) jQuery
20 532 (2.87%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 1,198 (6.46%) Analytical Skills
2 1,180 (6.36%) Greenfield Project
3 760 (4.10%) User Experience
4 724 (3.90%) Algorithms
5 654 (3.53%) Mobile App
6 597 (3.22%) Fixed Income
7 563 (3.04%) Derivative
8 546 (2.94%) Enterprise Software
9 454 (2.45%) Self-Motivation
10 440 (2.37%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 413 (2.23%) Data Structures
12 368 (1.98%) Equities
13 339 (1.83%) Hedge funds
14 332 (1.79%) Public Cloud
15 231 (1.25%) Cloud Native
15 231 (1.25%) Linux Command Line
15 231 (1.25%) Management Information System
16 180 (0.97%) Client/Server
16 180 (0.97%) Virtual Team
17 137 (0.74%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 3,026 (16.32%) Linux
2 1,126 (6.07%) Unix
3 1,040 (5.61%) Windows
4 948 (5.11%) Android
5 561 (3.02%) Apple iOS
6 202 (1.09%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 164 (0.88%) CentOS
8 129 (0.70%) Windows Server
9 119 (0.64%) Ubuntu
10 60 (0.32%) Mac OS
11 48 (0.26%) Windows 10
12 46 (0.25%) Debian
13 45 (0.24%) AIX
14 34 (0.18%) SUSE
15 30 (0.16%) Fedora
15 30 (0.16%) MVS
16 27 (0.15%) Mesosphere
17 25 (0.13%) Windows 7
18 23 (0.12%) Mac OS X
19 22 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 9,386 (50.61%) Agile Software Development
2 4,917 (26.51%) Software Engineering
3 3,700 (19.95%) DevOps
4 3,452 (18.61%) Microservices
5 3,279 (17.68%) TDD
6 3,101 (16.72%) Test Automation
7 2,793 (15.06%) Scrum
8 2,274 (12.26%) Continuous Integration
9 1,969 (10.62%) BDD
10 1,937 (10.44%) Computer Science
11 1,813 (9.78%) Mentoring
12 1,776 (9.58%) OO
13 1,650 (8.90%) Problem-Solving
14 1,509 (8.14%) SDLC
15 1,490 (8.03%) Fintech
16 1,355 (7.31%) Open Source
17 1,340 (7.23%) Analytics
18 1,086 (5.86%) Machine Learning
19 1,038 (5.60%) E-Commerce
20 1,023 (5.52%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 5,161 (27.83%) Python
2 4,963 (26.76%) JavaScript
3 4,665 (25.15%) SQL
4 3,689 (19.89%) C#
5 2,544 (13.72%) C++
6 2,042 (11.01%) Java 8
7 1,545 (8.33%) Scala
8 1,035 (5.58%) Ruby
9 1,023 (5.52%) C
10 942 (5.08%) PHP
11 803 (4.33%) Go
12 715 (3.86%) Kotlin
13 650 (3.50%) Bash Shell
14 481 (2.59%) TypeScript
15 429 (2.31%) Perl
16 417 (2.25%) PL/SQL
17 405 (2.18%) R
18 380 (2.05%) PowerShell
19 341 (1.84%) Objective-C
20 328 (1.77%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 2,493 (13.44%) Degree
2 1,036 (5.59%) Security Cleared
3 847 (4.57%) Computer Science Degree
4 523 (2.82%) SC Cleared
5 398 (2.15%) DV Cleared
6 258 (1.39%) ISTQB
7 202 (1.09%) PhD
8 152 (0.82%) ISEB
9 110 (0.59%) Master's Degree
10 86 (0.46%) CISSP
11 83 (0.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 83 (0.45%) Numerate Degree
12 68 (0.37%) AWS Certification
13 48 (0.26%) CEH
14 46 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
15 37 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
16 34 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
17 31 (0.17%) CISM
18 30 (0.16%) TOGAF Certification
19 29 (0.16%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,556 (8.39%) QA
2 106 (0.57%) GDPR
3 91 (0.49%) SLA
4 74 (0.40%) Data Quality
5 34 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 28 (0.15%) COBIT
7 26 (0.14%) HMG Infosec
7 26 (0.14%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 26 (0.14%) JSP 440
8 25 (0.13%) PSD2
9 20 (0.11%) HIPAA
9 20 (0.11%) WAI
10 16 (0.086%) IFRS
10 16 (0.086%) IFRS 9
11 15 (0.081%) ISO 9001
12 14 (0.075%) MiFID
12 14 (0.075%) PCI DSS
13 13 (0.070%) NIST
14 12 (0.065%) EMIR
15 11 (0.059%) Cyber Essentials
System Software
1 3,334 (17.98%) Docker
2 173 (0.93%) Active Directory
3 130 (0.70%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 109 (0.59%) VMware Infrastructure
5 85 (0.46%) Virtual Machines
6 77 (0.42%) HDFS
7 69 (0.37%) Apache Flume
8 61 (0.33%) Oracle RAC
9 59 (0.32%) vSphere
10 50 (0.27%) Firmware
11 35 (0.19%) Hyper-V
12 20 (0.11%) etcd
13 19 (0.10%) vCloud
14 17 (0.092%) VirtualBox
14 17 (0.092%) XenApp
15 16 (0.086%) Forefront TMG
16 10 (0.054%) Squid
17 9 (0.049%) GridGain
17 9 (0.049%) NFS
18 8 (0.043%) Job Entry Subsystem
Systems Management
1 2,108 (11.37%) Kubernetes
2 1,198 (6.46%) Ansible
3 1,008 (5.44%) Terraform
4 828 (4.46%) Puppet
5 687 (3.70%) Opscode Chef
6 162 (0.87%) Prometheus
7 132 (0.71%) Mesos
8 124 (0.67%) Hadoop YARN
9 117 (0.63%) Oozie
10 109 (0.59%) Packer
11 107 (0.58%) Kibana
12 106 (0.57%) Salt
13 105 (0.57%) Grafana
14 104 (0.56%) HP Quality Center
15 102 (0.55%) Consul
16 91 (0.49%) Marathon
17 82 (0.44%) Docker Swarm
18 65 (0.35%) Nagios
19 61 (0.33%) SCCM
20 60 (0.32%) Nessus
Vendors
1 2,148 (11.58%) Oracle
2 1,065 (5.74%) Microsoft
3 871 (4.70%) Google
4 407 (2.19%) SAP
5 374 (2.02%) Salesforce.com
6 354 (1.91%) IBM
7 270 (1.46%) Splunk
8 257 (1.39%) Atlassian
9 231 (1.25%) Red Hat
10 220 (1.19%) Tableau
11 213 (1.15%) Cloudera
12 209 (1.13%) WorldPay
13 183 (0.99%) Bloomberg
14 180 (0.97%) Adobe
15 162 (0.87%) Reuters
16 159 (0.86%) VMware
17 147 (0.79%) MuleSoft
18 138 (0.74%) HP
19 123 (0.66%) Talend
20 121 (0.65%) TIBCO