Period
to 3 June 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 3 June 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
3 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 9 8 9
Rank change year-on-year -1 +1 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 11,416 19,792 24,916
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 14.15% 15.00% 15.47%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.68% 27.59% 27.52%
Number of salaries quoted 10,168 16,844 20,780
Median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% -
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £33,750
90th Percentile £106,250 £95,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% +1.85%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 44,452 71,732 90,548
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.12% 54.35% 56.23%
Number of salaries quoted 36,936 59,032 75,782
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.77% +4.00% +5.26%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Salary trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 3 June 2020.

Salary histogram for Java in England

Java
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 3 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 6,496 £75,000 +7.14% 456
South East -6 1,885 £57,500 +4.55% 112
North of England -2 1,293 £50,000 - 136
South West +3 770 £50,000 - 94
Yorkshire +2 632 £50,000 +11.11% 42
Midlands -2 598 £50,000 - 55
North West -4 597 £52,500 - 78
East of England -12 356 £50,000 -9.09% 70
West Midlands 0 328 £50,000 +5.26% 30
East Midlands -5 267 £50,000 - 24
North East -24 65 £45,000 - 16
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 3 June 2020, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 5,532 (48.46%) Agile Software Development
2 3,537 (30.98%) Python
3 3,346 (29.31%) JavaScript
4 3,107 (27.22%) AWS
5 3,076 (26.94%) Software Engineering
6 2,766 (24.23%) Finance
7 2,653 (23.24%) SQL
8 2,515 (22.03%) DevOps
9 2,487 (21.79%) Spring
10 2,344 (20.53%) Microservices
11 2,339 (20.49%) Docker
12 2,182 (19.11%) C#
13 2,006 (17.57%) TDD
14 1,839 (16.11%) Test Automation
15 1,707 (14.95%) Kubernetes
16 1,684 (14.75%) Linux
17 1,629 (14.27%) Web Services
18 1,565 (13.71%) Scrum
19 1,538 (13.47%) Jenkins
20 1,511 (13.24%) Azure
21 1,502 (13.16%) C++
22 1,501 (13.15%) Git (software)
23 1,494 (13.09%) AngularJS
24 1,457 (12.76%) Degree
25 1,401 (12.27%) React
26 1,316 (11.53%) Node.js
27 1,291 (11.31%) Banking
28 1,287 (11.27%) HTML
29 1,244 (10.90%) Spring Boot
30 1,241 (10.87%) OO

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 484 (4.24%) Apache Spark
2 411 (3.60%) Apache
3 347 (3.04%) Tomcat
4 342 (3.00%) Confluence
5 328 (2.87%) Elasticsearch
6 179 (1.57%) WebSphere
7 134 (1.17%) CMS
8 105 (0.92%) JBoss
9 71 (0.62%) SAS
10 70 (0.61%) Apache Airflow
11 67 (0.59%) nginx
11 67 (0.59%) WebLogic
12 66 (0.58%) IIS
13 59 (0.52%) SharePoint
14 55 (0.48%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 55 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
15 53 (0.46%) Apache Solr
16 50 (0.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 40 (0.35%) Luigi
18 38 (0.33%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 50 (0.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 40 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
3 25 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
4 19 (0.17%) MS Visio
5 15 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 12 (0.11%) Chatbot
6 12 (0.11%) Photoshop
7 5 (0.044%) S-PLUS
8 3 (0.026%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.026%) Microsoft Project
8 3 (0.026%) Sketch
9 1 (0.009%) Adobe Premiere
9 1 (0.009%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.009%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 88 (0.77%) FINCAD Analytics
2 37 (0.32%) R3 Corda
3 35 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
4 32 (0.28%) Distributed Ledger
5 24 (0.21%) Magento
5 24 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
5 24 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
6 20 (0.18%) Remedy ITSM
7 19 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
7 19 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
8 16 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
9 14 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 14 (0.12%) SAP CRM
10 13 (0.11%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
11 10 (0.088%) SAP GTS
12 8 (0.070%) SAP S/4HANA
13 7 (0.061%) Oracle Payables
14 6 (0.053%) Oracle BPM
15 5 (0.044%) NetSuite
15 5 (0.044%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 3,107 (27.22%) AWS
2 1,511 (13.24%) Azure
3 918 (8.04%) GCP
4 466 (4.08%) SaaS
5 428 (3.75%) Serverless
6 306 (2.68%) GitHub
7 263 (2.30%) OpenShift
8 258 (2.26%) AWS Lambda
9 235 (2.06%) Amazon EC2
10 193 (1.69%) Amazon S3
11 158 (1.38%) PaaS
12 156 (1.37%) Amazon SQS
13 153 (1.34%) Amazon ECS
14 125 (1.09%) AWS CloudFormation
15 123 (1.08%) Cloud Computing
16 107 (0.94%) Power Platform
17 90 (0.79%) IaaS
18 61 (0.53%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 58 (0.51%) Amazon Kinesis
20 57 (0.50%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 203 (1.78%) HTTP
2 167 (1.46%) Internet
3 155 (1.36%) TCP/IP
4 135 (1.18%) Firewall
5 62 (0.54%) DNS
6 52 (0.46%) Wireshark
7 49 (0.43%) FTP
8 37 (0.32%) SSL
9 26 (0.23%) VPN
10 24 (0.21%) Network Security
11 23 (0.20%) SSH
12 21 (0.18%) MQTT
12 21 (0.18%) VoIP
13 19 (0.17%) Skype
14 18 (0.16%) Broadband
15 15 (0.13%) DHCP
16 14 (0.12%) Bluetooth
16 14 (0.12%) Tactical Data Link
17 13 (0.11%) DAB
17 13 (0.11%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,038 (9.09%) NoSQL
2 801 (7.02%) PostgreSQL
3 739 (6.47%) MySQL
4 738 (6.46%) Big Data
5 729 (6.39%) SQL Server
6 633 (5.54%) Relational Database
7 562 (4.92%) Hadoop
8 555 (4.86%) MongoDB
9 299 (2.62%) Apache Cassandra
10 252 (2.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 252 (2.21%) Data Warehouse
11 243 (2.13%) Amazon Redshift
12 234 (2.05%) Redis
13 210 (1.84%) RDBMS
14 152 (1.33%) Amazon RDS
15 150 (1.31%) Oracle Database
16 146 (1.28%) Blockchain
17 141 (1.24%) DB2
18 138 (1.21%) Apache Hive
19 122 (1.07%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 1,538 (13.47%) Jenkins
2 1,501 (13.15%) Git (software)
3 902 (7.90%) Selenium
4 821 (7.19%) Maven
5 814 (7.13%) JIRA
6 661 (5.79%) Cucumber
7 590 (5.17%) JUnit
8 269 (2.36%) WebDriver
9 232 (2.03%) Subversion
10 212 (1.86%) Gradle
11 209 (1.83%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 204 (1.79%) Eclipse
13 197 (1.73%) GitLab
14 193 (1.69%) JMeter
15 180 (1.58%) Bitbucket
16 170 (1.49%) TeamCity
17 169 (1.48%) SoapUI
18 150 (1.31%) Artifactory
19 146 (1.28%) Mockito
20 139 (1.22%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 2,766 (24.23%) Finance
2 1,291 (11.31%) Banking
3 655 (5.74%) Front Office
4 497 (4.35%) Retail
5 318 (2.79%) Investment Banking
6 312 (2.73%) Games
7 283 (2.48%) Public Sector
8 263 (2.30%) Marketing
9 156 (1.37%) Back Office
10 147 (1.29%) Telecoms
11 143 (1.25%) Financial Institution
12 138 (1.21%) Law
13 108 (0.95%) Manufacturing
14 87 (0.76%) Electronics
14 87 (0.76%) Legal
15 77 (0.67%) Advertising
16 56 (0.49%) Aerospace
17 48 (0.42%) Publishing
18 43 (0.38%) Automotive
19 40 (0.35%) Billing
Job Titles
1 5,620 (49.23%) Developer
2 3,578 (31.34%) Java Developer
3 1,410 (12.35%) Software Engineer
4 1,328 (11.63%) Senior Developer
5 975 (8.54%) Senior Java Developer
6 953 (8.35%) Java Engineer
7 661 (5.79%) Architect
8 567 (4.97%) Java Software Engineer
9 532 (4.66%) Software Developer
10 422 (3.70%) DevOps Engineer
11 376 (3.29%) Lead Developer
12 374 (3.28%) Analyst
13 364 (3.19%) AWS Engineer
14 359 (3.14%) AWS Developer
15 357 (3.13%) Junior
16 355 (3.11%) Senior Software Engineer
17 348 (3.05%) Full Stack Developer
18 333 (2.92%) Data Engineer
19 313 (2.74%) Test Engineer
20 297 (2.60%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,487 (21.79%) Spring
2 1,629 (14.27%) Web Services
3 1,494 (13.09%) AngularJS
4 1,401 (12.27%) React
5 1,316 (11.53%) Node.js
6 1,287 (11.27%) HTML
7 1,244 (10.90%) Spring Boot
8 1,136 (9.95%) .NET
9 1,093 (9.57%) CSS
10 1,075 (9.42%) REST
11 1,063 (9.31%) RESTful
12 815 (7.14%) Kafka
13 694 (6.08%) Hibernate
14 607 (5.32%) J2EE
15 551 (4.83%) XML
16 458 (4.01%) SOAP
17 457 (4.00%) HTML5
18 362 (3.17%) JSON
19 347 (3.04%) Vue.js
20 270 (2.37%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 704 (6.17%) Greenfield Project
2 642 (5.62%) Analytical Skills
3 540 (4.73%) Hedge funds
4 523 (4.58%) Derivative
5 470 (4.12%) Fixed Income
6 444 (3.89%) Mobile App
7 432 (3.78%) User Experience
8 396 (3.47%) Algorithms
9 363 (3.18%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 308 (2.70%) Self-Motivation
11 303 (2.65%) Equities
12 297 (2.60%) Data Structures
12 297 (2.60%) Enterprise Software
13 236 (2.07%) Public Cloud
14 169 (1.48%) Cloud Native
15 130 (1.14%) Linux Command Line
16 111 (0.97%) Management Information System
17 108 (0.95%) Blog
18 87 (0.76%) Equity Derivative
19 84 (0.74%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,684 (14.75%) Linux
2 658 (5.76%) Android
3 645 (5.65%) Unix
4 582 (5.10%) Windows
5 447 (3.92%) Apple iOS
6 116 (1.02%) Mac OS X
7 95 (0.83%) CentOS
8 63 (0.55%) Windows Server
9 61 (0.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 54 (0.47%) Ubuntu
11 39 (0.34%) Mac OS
12 37 (0.32%) Debian
13 23 (0.20%) Solaris
14 18 (0.16%) Embedded Linux
15 15 (0.13%) VMS
16 12 (0.11%) AIX
16 12 (0.11%) Kali Linux
16 12 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
17 11 (0.096%) CoreOS
18 10 (0.088%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,532 (48.46%) Agile Software Development
2 3,076 (26.94%) Software Engineering
3 2,515 (22.03%) DevOps
4 2,344 (20.53%) Microservices
5 2,006 (17.57%) TDD
6 1,839 (16.11%) Test Automation
7 1,565 (13.71%) Scrum
8 1,241 (10.87%) OO
9 1,210 (10.60%) Computer Science
10 1,194 (10.46%) Continuous Integration
11 1,165 (10.20%) Problem-Solving
12 1,157 (10.13%) BDD
13 1,080 (9.46%) Fintech
14 987 (8.65%) Mentoring
15 886 (7.76%) Analytics
16 784 (6.87%) Open Source
17 735 (6.44%) SDLC
18 679 (5.95%) Machine Learning
19 650 (5.69%) Asset Management
20 635 (5.56%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 3,537 (30.98%) Python
2 3,346 (29.31%) JavaScript
3 2,653 (23.24%) SQL
4 2,182 (19.11%) C#
5 1,502 (13.16%) C++
6 1,238 (10.84%) Java 8
7 895 (7.84%) Scala
8 785 (6.88%) Kotlin
9 666 (5.83%) Ruby
10 616 (5.40%) Go
11 610 (5.34%) C
12 596 (5.22%) PHP
13 440 (3.85%) TypeScript
14 349 (3.06%) Bash Shell
15 266 (2.33%) R
16 244 (2.14%) PL/SQL
17 222 (1.94%) Objective-C
18 203 (1.78%) Perl
19 198 (1.73%) Apple Swift
20 197 (1.73%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 1,457 (12.76%) Degree
2 618 (5.41%) Computer Science Degree
3 612 (5.36%) Security Cleared
4 336 (2.94%) SC Cleared
5 219 (1.92%) DV Cleared
6 157 (1.38%) ISTQB
7 122 (1.07%) Master's Degree
8 103 (0.90%) ISEB
9 74 (0.65%) PhD
10 66 (0.58%) Numerate Degree
11 63 (0.55%) AWS Certification
12 33 (0.29%) HND
13 20 (0.18%) ITIL Certification
13 20 (0.18%) Sun Certification
14 19 (0.17%) PMI Certification
14 19 (0.17%) SANS
15 14 (0.12%) CISSP
15 14 (0.12%) CREST Certified
15 14 (0.12%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 13 (0.11%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 878 (7.69%) QA
2 41 (0.36%) Data Quality
2 41 (0.36%) GDPR
3 36 (0.32%) SLA
4 18 (0.16%) COBIT
5 16 (0.14%) PCI DSS
6 14 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 12 (0.11%) NIST
8 8 (0.070%) Government Security Classifications
8 8 (0.070%) NCSC
9 7 (0.061%) ISO 15022
9 7 (0.061%) ISO 20022
10 6 (0.053%) PMO
10 6 (0.053%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 5 (0.044%) SEPA
12 4 (0.035%) COSO
12 4 (0.035%) EMIR
13 3 (0.026%) GxP
13 3 (0.026%) MiFID
14 2 (0.018%) Basel III
System Software
1 2,339 (20.49%) Docker
2 74 (0.65%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 74 (0.65%) VMware Infrastructure
3 66 (0.58%) Active Directory
4 59 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
5 57 (0.50%) HDFS
6 40 (0.35%) vSphere
7 31 (0.27%) Firmware
8 17 (0.15%) Hyper-V
9 14 (0.12%) Apache Flume
9 14 (0.12%) Postfix
10 10 (0.088%) ACF2
10 10 (0.088%) RACF
11 8 (0.070%) NFS
12 6 (0.053%) VirtualBox
13 5 (0.044%) GlusterFS
13 5 (0.044%) vCloud
13 5 (0.044%) Virtual Servers
14 4 (0.035%) GPFS
14 4 (0.035%) Slurm Workload Manager
Systems Management
1 1,707 (14.95%) Kubernetes
2 685 (6.00%) Ansible
3 680 (5.96%) Terraform
4 334 (2.93%) Puppet
5 263 (2.30%) Opscode Chef
6 83 (0.73%) Salt
7 81 (0.71%) Prometheus
8 79 (0.69%) Grafana
9 67 (0.59%) Kibana
10 59 (0.52%) Packer
11 46 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
12 43 (0.38%) Mesos
13 40 (0.35%) Istio
14 38 (0.33%) HP Quality Center
15 36 (0.32%) Nagios
16 33 (0.29%) Consul
17 28 (0.25%) ZABBIX
18 25 (0.22%) Marathon
19 24 (0.21%) Rancher
20 23 (0.20%) logstash
Vendors
1 1,210 (10.60%) Oracle
2 605 (5.30%) Google
3 386 (3.38%) Microsoft
4 242 (2.12%) SAP
5 149 (1.31%) IBM
6 146 (1.28%) Atlassian
7 144 (1.26%) Salesforce.com
8 116 (1.02%) Red Hat
9 104 (0.91%) Tableau
10 102 (0.89%) Bloomberg
11 91 (0.80%) Informatica
11 91 (0.80%) VMware
12 88 (0.77%) MuleSoft
13 84 (0.74%) HP
13 84 (0.74%) Talend
14 83 (0.73%) Splunk
15 71 (0.62%) Adobe
16 58 (0.51%) FIS
16 58 (0.51%) WorldPay
17 57 (0.50%) ServiceNow