Period
to 23 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 23 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
23 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 9 9 13
Rank change year-on-year 0 +4 +1
Permanent jobs citing Java 25,303 24,499 27,257
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 15.25% 15.19% 14.26%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.05% 27.80% 27.20%
Number of salaries quoted 20,858 20,797 23,737
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 93,553 88,131 100,194
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 56.37% 54.63% 52.42%
Number of salaries quoted 79,076 76,020 87,385
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +2.22%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java in England.

Salary trend for Java in England

Java
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 23 April 2018.

Salary histogram for Java in England

Java
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 23 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 12,183 £65,000 - 1,648
South East +2 4,219 £50,000 +5.26% 582
North of England +1 3,576 £47,500 - 522
East of England 0 1,997 £50,000 +11.11% 261
North West +4 1,979 £47,500 - 253
Midlands +2 1,692 £45,000 - 224
South West -8 1,578 £47,500 +5.56% 264
Yorkshire 0 1,292 £47,500 - 209
West Midlands +2 879 £45,000 - 133
East Midlands +3 813 £47,500 +5.56% 90
North East +1 306 £44,500 +18.67% 60
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 23 April 2018, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 12,573 (49.69%) Agile Software Development
2 7,704 (30.45%) JavaScript
3 6,598 (26.08%) SQL
4 6,089 (24.06%) Python
5 5,875 (23.22%) Software Engineering
6 5,800 (22.92%) Spring
7 5,759 (22.76%) Finance
8 5,485 (21.68%) TDD
9 4,857 (19.20%) HTML
10 4,709 (18.61%) C#
11 4,664 (18.43%) Linux
12 4,436 (17.53%) Degree
13 4,311 (17.04%) Amazon AWS
14 4,214 (16.65%) Scrum
15 4,141 (16.37%) Test Automation
16 4,140 (16.36%) Web Services
17 3,801 (15.02%) CSS
18 3,794 (14.99%) DevOps
19 3,509 (13.87%) AngularJS
20 3,466 (13.70%) Continuous Integration
21 3,396 (13.42%) C++
22 3,227 (12.75%) Microservices
23 3,196 (12.63%) OO
24 3,155 (12.47%) Oracle
25 3,147 (12.44%) Git (software)
26 3,083 (12.18%) Jenkins
27 3,038 (12.01%) Computer Science
28 2,959 (11.69%) BDD
29 2,955 (11.68%) .NET
30 2,867 (11.33%) PHP

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,523 (6.02%) Tomcat
2 1,214 (4.80%) Apache Spark
3 1,140 (4.51%) Apache
4 881 (3.48%) JBoss
5 827 (3.27%) Elasticsearch
6 724 (2.86%) Confluence
7 568 (2.24%) WebSphere
8 381 (1.51%) WebLogic
9 339 (1.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 336 (1.33%) CMS
11 277 (1.09%) nginx
12 259 (1.02%) Apache Solr
13 222 (0.88%) IIS
14 183 (0.72%) SAS
15 181 (0.72%) Apache Pig
16 166 (0.66%) OpenStack
17 162 (0.64%) Mule
18 147 (0.58%) Jetty
19 127 (0.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
20 124 (0.49%) SharePoint
Applications
1 146 (0.58%) Microsoft Excel
2 118 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
3 92 (0.36%) Photoshop
4 52 (0.21%) SPSS
5 50 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 49 (0.19%) MS Visio
7 27 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
8 25 (0.099%) Adobe Illustrator
9 14 (0.055%) Mathematica
10 13 (0.051%) Chatbot
10 13 (0.051%) Spreadsheet
11 12 (0.047%) HipChat
11 12 (0.047%) Weka
12 10 (0.040%) GNU Octave
13 5 (0.020%) SOLIDWORKS
14 4 (0.016%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 4 (0.016%) FreeHand
15 3 (0.012%) Blender
15 3 (0.012%) S-PLUS
16 2 (0.008%) 3ds Max
Business Applications
1 130 (0.51%) SAP Hybris
2 84 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
3 83 (0.33%) Magento
4 76 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
5 36 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
6 34 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 31 (0.12%) Ripple
7 31 (0.12%) SAP ERP
8 30 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
8 30 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
9 28 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
10 27 (0.11%) BusinessWare
11 24 (0.095%) NetSuite
12 23 (0.091%) thinkFolio
13 20 (0.079%) Dynamics AX
13 20 (0.079%) MetaTrader
14 18 (0.071%) Oracle ERP
14 18 (0.071%) Oracle Payables
14 18 (0.071%) Oracle Receivables
15 16 (0.063%) ION MarketView
Cloud Services
1 4,311 (17.04%) Amazon AWS
2 1,491 (5.89%) Microsoft Azure
3 825 (3.26%) SaaS
4 655 (2.59%) GitHub
5 509 (2.01%) Google Cloud Platform
6 377 (1.49%) Amazon EC2
7 366 (1.45%) Cloud Computing
8 353 (1.40%) PaaS
9 288 (1.14%) OpenShift
10 260 (1.03%) AWS CloudFormation
11 257 (1.02%) IaaS
12 244 (0.96%) Amazon S3
13 200 (0.79%) Serverless
14 123 (0.49%) AWS Lambda
15 121 (0.48%) Slack
16 99 (0.39%) Amazon EMR
17 96 (0.38%) Amazon Kinesis
18 91 (0.36%) npm
19 86 (0.34%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
20 79 (0.31%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 689 (2.72%) HTTP
2 556 (2.20%) Internet
3 355 (1.40%) TCP/IP
4 240 (0.95%) Firewall
5 222 (0.88%) DNS
6 205 (0.81%) SSL
7 164 (0.65%) VPN
8 111 (0.44%) FTP
9 108 (0.43%) Wireless
10 93 (0.37%) SMS
11 71 (0.28%) AMQP
12 57 (0.23%) DHCP
13 51 (0.20%) Network Security
14 49 (0.19%) SSH
15 46 (0.18%) SNMP
16 43 (0.17%) Wi-Fi
17 40 (0.16%) Bluetooth
17 40 (0.16%) SAN
17 40 (0.16%) SMTP
18 39 (0.15%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,448 (9.67%) Big Data
2 2,351 (9.29%) NoSQL
3 2,237 (8.84%) MySQL
4 1,722 (6.81%) SQL Server
5 1,577 (6.23%) Relational Database
6 1,573 (6.22%) Hadoop
7 1,439 (5.69%) MongoDB
8 1,080 (4.27%) PostgreSQL
9 957 (3.78%) Apache Cassandra
10 602 (2.38%) RDBMS
11 504 (1.99%) Oracle Database
12 470 (1.86%) Blockchain
13 469 (1.85%) Apache Hive
14 394 (1.56%) Data Warehouse
15 383 (1.51%) HBase
16 376 (1.49%) Redis
17 257 (1.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 221 (0.87%) DB2
19 178 (0.70%) Neo4j
20 177 (0.70%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 3,147 (12.44%) Git (software)
2 3,083 (12.18%) Jenkins
3 2,419 (9.56%) Selenium
4 2,205 (8.71%) Maven
5 1,930 (7.63%) JIRA
6 1,713 (6.77%) JUnit
7 1,668 (6.59%) Cucumber
8 1,055 (4.17%) Subversion
9 888 (3.51%) WebDriver
10 875 (3.46%) Gradle
11 580 (2.29%) Eclipse
12 562 (2.22%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 517 (2.04%) TeamCity
14 455 (1.80%) SoapUI
15 439 (1.73%) JMeter
16 381 (1.51%) Mockito
17 376 (1.49%) Ant
18 363 (1.43%) Bitbucket
19 305 (1.21%) Visual Studio
20 298 (1.18%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 5,759 (22.76%) Finance
2 2,249 (8.89%) Banking
3 1,397 (5.52%) Retail
4 1,364 (5.39%) Advertising
5 853 (3.37%) Games
6 705 (2.79%) Front Office
6 705 (2.79%) Investment Banking
7 674 (2.66%) Marketing
8 583 (2.30%) Telecoms
9 362 (1.43%) Electronics
10 337 (1.33%) Financial Institution
11 328 (1.30%) Manufacturing
12 265 (1.05%) Law
13 202 (0.80%) Publishing
14 173 (0.68%) Back Office
15 157 (0.62%) Legal
16 150 (0.59%) Automotive
17 118 (0.47%) Retail Banking
18 78 (0.31%) French Language
19 68 (0.27%) German Language
Job Titles
1 13,449 (53.15%) Developer
2 8,341 (32.96%) Java Developer
3 2,612 (10.32%) Software Engineer
4 2,605 (10.30%) Senior Developer
5 2,169 (8.57%) Java Engineer
6 1,868 (7.38%) Senior Java Developer
7 1,608 (6.35%) Software Developer
8 1,458 (5.76%) Architect
9 1,250 (4.94%) Java Software Engineer
10 1,045 (4.13%) Analyst
11 908 (3.59%) Graduate
12 874 (3.45%) DevOps Engineer
13 864 (3.41%) Lead Developer
14 807 (3.19%) Junior
15 780 (3.08%) Java Software Developer
16 732 (2.89%) Tester
17 696 (2.75%) JavaScript Developer
18 663 (2.62%) Senior Software Engineer
19 649 (2.56%) Consultant
20 630 (2.49%) Lead Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,800 (22.92%) Spring
2 4,857 (19.20%) HTML
3 4,140 (16.36%) Web Services
4 3,801 (15.02%) CSS
5 3,509 (13.87%) AngularJS
6 2,955 (11.68%) .NET
7 2,845 (11.24%) REST
8 2,519 (9.96%) RESTful
9 2,504 (9.90%) Hibernate
10 2,323 (9.18%) J2EE
11 2,190 (8.66%) XML
12 2,020 (7.98%) Node.js
13 1,969 (7.78%) React
14 1,705 (6.74%) HTML5
15 1,485 (5.87%) Java EE
16 1,409 (5.57%) SOAP
17 1,375 (5.43%) jQuery
18 1,243 (4.91%) Spring Boot
19 1,230 (4.86%) JSON
20 1,018 (4.02%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 3,038 (12.01%) Computer Science
2 1,728 (6.83%) Fintech
3 1,666 (6.58%) Analytical Skills
4 1,526 (6.03%) Greenfield Project
5 1,150 (4.54%) User Experience
6 1,084 (4.28%) Algorithms
7 955 (3.77%) Mobile App
8 918 (3.63%) Enterprise Software
9 837 (3.31%) Self-Motivation
10 538 (2.13%) Data Structures
11 412 (1.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 343 (1.36%) Equities
13 318 (1.26%) Fixed Income
14 314 (1.24%) Hedge funds
15 284 (1.12%) Derivative
16 278 (1.10%) Management Information System
17 235 (0.93%) Linux Command Line
18 212 (0.84%) Public Cloud
19 201 (0.79%) Virtual Team
20 163 (0.64%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 4,664 (18.43%) Linux
2 1,803 (7.13%) Unix
3 1,731 (6.84%) Windows
4 1,279 (5.05%) Android
5 769 (3.04%) Apple iOS
6 296 (1.17%) Windows Server
7 285 (1.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 196 (0.77%) Solaris
9 195 (0.77%) CentOS
10 160 (0.63%) AIX
11 117 (0.46%) Mac OS
12 103 (0.41%) Ubuntu
13 89 (0.35%) Mac OS X
14 86 (0.34%) Debian
15 66 (0.26%) HPUX
16 45 (0.18%) CoreOS
17 38 (0.15%) Nucleus RTOS
18 37 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
19 36 (0.14%) Windows Phone
20 35 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 12,573 (49.69%) Agile Software Development
2 5,875 (23.22%) Software Engineering
3 5,485 (21.68%) TDD
4 4,214 (16.65%) Scrum
5 4,141 (16.37%) Test Automation
6 3,794 (14.99%) DevOps
7 3,466 (13.70%) Continuous Integration
8 3,227 (12.75%) Microservices
9 3,196 (12.63%) OO
10 2,959 (11.69%) BDD
11 2,668 (10.54%) Problem-Solving
12 2,290 (9.05%) SDLC
13 2,072 (8.19%) Open Source
14 1,981 (7.83%) MVC
15 1,842 (7.28%) Mentoring
16 1,800 (7.11%) E-Commerce
17 1,669 (6.60%) Web Development
18 1,603 (6.34%) Machine Learning
19 1,565 (6.19%) Analytics
20 1,494 (5.90%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 7,704 (30.45%) JavaScript
2 6,598 (26.08%) SQL
3 6,089 (24.06%) Python
4 4,709 (18.61%) C#
5 3,396 (13.42%) C++
6 2,867 (11.33%) PHP
7 2,565 (10.14%) Java 8
8 2,481 (9.81%) Scala
9 1,934 (7.64%) Ruby
10 1,435 (5.67%) C
11 980 (3.87%) Perl
12 774 (3.06%) Bash Shell
13 747 (2.95%) Go
14 665 (2.63%) Shell Script
15 648 (2.56%) Groovy
16 584 (2.31%) PL/SQL
17 576 (2.28%) R
18 449 (1.77%) PowerShell
19 349 (1.38%) Kotlin
20 333 (1.32%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 4,436 (17.53%) Degree
2 1,423 (5.62%) Computer Science Degree
3 789 (3.12%) Security Cleared
4 532 (2.10%) PhD
5 396 (1.57%) SC Cleared
6 315 (1.24%) Master's Degree
7 243 (0.96%) ISTQB
8 218 (0.86%) Numerate Degree
9 212 (0.84%) DV Cleared
10 156 (0.62%) ISEB
11 101 (0.40%) Sun Certification
12 79 (0.31%) AWS Certification
13 73 (0.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 60 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
15 59 (0.23%) CISSP
16 51 (0.20%) PMI Certification
17 46 (0.18%) Oracle Certification
18 44 (0.17%) TOGAF Certification
19 43 (0.17%) SANS
20 40 (0.16%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,205 (8.71%) QA
2 120 (0.47%) GCP
3 104 (0.41%) SLA
4 102 (0.40%) Data Quality
5 68 (0.27%) PCI DSS
6 53 (0.21%) GDPR
7 40 (0.16%) PMO
8 38 (0.15%) PSD2
9 36 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 32 (0.13%) MiFID
11 16 (0.063%) SEPA
12 13 (0.051%) ISO 9001
12 13 (0.051%) WCAG
13 12 (0.047%) COBIT
13 12 (0.047%) MISRA
13 12 (0.047%) Web Application Security Consortium
14 11 (0.043%) HL7
15 9 (0.036%) EMIR
15 9 (0.036%) PA-DSS
16 8 (0.032%) Dodd-Frank
System Software
1 2,609 (10.31%) Docker
2 240 (0.95%) VMware Infrastructure
3 189 (0.75%) HDFS
4 150 (0.59%) Active Directory
5 129 (0.51%) Virtual Machines
6 114 (0.45%) Apache Flume
7 62 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 54 (0.21%) vSphere
9 40 (0.16%) Hyper-V
10 31 (0.12%) KVM
10 31 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
11 30 (0.12%) VirtualBox
12 28 (0.11%) Xen
13 24 (0.095%) Oracle RAC
14 22 (0.087%) Firmware
15 11 (0.043%) NFS
16 10 (0.040%) GridGain
16 10 (0.040%) iptables
16 10 (0.040%) LXC
16 10 (0.040%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 1,209 (4.78%) Ansible
2 1,178 (4.66%) Puppet
3 1,066 (4.21%) Kubernetes
4 925 (3.66%) Opscode Chef
5 636 (2.51%) Terraform
6 186 (0.74%) Nagios
7 126 (0.50%) Kibana
8 121 (0.48%) Salt
9 111 (0.44%) Packer
10 104 (0.41%) Docker Swarm
11 102 (0.40%) Mesos
12 96 (0.38%) HockeyApp
13 93 (0.37%) Hadoop YARN
14 90 (0.36%) logstash
15 86 (0.34%) Single Sign-On
16 77 (0.30%) Prometheus
17 51 (0.20%) Graphite
18 50 (0.20%) Consul
19 49 (0.19%) ZABBIX
20 48 (0.19%) Oozie
Vendors
1 3,155 (12.47%) Oracle
2 1,105 (4.37%) Microsoft
3 1,004 (3.97%) Google
4 540 (2.13%) SAP
5 483 (1.91%) Salesforce.com
6 392 (1.55%) IBM
7 386 (1.53%) VMware
8 348 (1.38%) Red Hat
9 320 (1.26%) Splunk
10 294 (1.16%) WorldPay
11 287 (1.13%) Atlassian
12 262 (1.04%) hybris
13 238 (0.94%) Capita
14 226 (0.89%) TIBCO
15 221 (0.87%) Sybase
16 208 (0.82%) Tableau
17 201 (0.79%) Cloudera
18 186 (0.74%) AppDynamics
19 184 (0.73%) Adobe
20 152 (0.60%) MuleSoft