Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK > England
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 22 23 38
Rank change year-on-year +1 +15 +37
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 15,170 8,924 4,402
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 10.10% 9.41% 6.05%
As % of the Systems Management category 56.82% 53.57% 41.50%
Number of salaries quoted 6,439 6,057 3,731
10th Percentile £46,250 £43,750 £45,000
25th Percentile £57,500 £53,750 £53,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £77,500 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.71% - -
75th Percentile £93,750 £88,750 £87,500
90th Percentile £110,000 £101,250 £106,250
UK median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
% change year-on-year +7.14% - +3.70%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 26,700 16,658 10,607
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 17.78% 17.57% 14.58%
Number of salaries quoted 12,682 11,423 8,639
10th Percentile £37,500 £37,500 £35,250
25th Percentile £47,500 £47,500 £46,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £87,500 £83,750 £81,250
90th Percentile £102,500 £97,500 £95,000
UK median annual salary £68,500 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +5.38% +4.00% +6.84%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Salary trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the England region over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London 0 10,440 £85,000 +6.25% 567
North of England -6 1,491 £67,350 +12.25% 133
South East -9 1,358 £70,000 +12.00% 85
North West -2 849 £67,634 +12.72% 75
South West +4 701 £67,350 +22.45% 76
Midlands +15 548 £70,000 +16.67% 73
Yorkshire -17 501 £62,500 +8.70% 48
West Midlands -1 385 £70,000 +12.00% 45
East of England -7 308 £70,000 +16.67% 43
East Midlands +16 161 £70,000 +21.74% 28
North East +4 142 £62,500 +27.55% 10
Kubernetes
UK

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 10,601 (69.88%) Docker
2 8,245 (54.35%) AWS
3 7,927 (52.25%) Agile
4 7,001 (46.15%) DevOps
5 6,282 (41.41%) CI/CD
6 6,183 (40.76%) Python
7 5,823 (38.38%) Java
8 5,585 (36.82%) Azure
9 5,279 (34.80%) Software Engineering
10 5,102 (33.63%) Microservices
11 4,912 (32.38%) Terraform
12 4,365 (28.77%) Finance
13 4,059 (26.76%) GCP
14 3,818 (25.17%) JavaScript
15 3,611 (23.80%) React
16 3,553 (23.42%) Jenkins
17 3,345 (22.05%) Linux
18 3,291 (21.69%) SQL
19 3,287 (21.67%) Git (software)
20 2,978 (19.63%) Kafka
21 2,975 (19.61%) Ansible
22 2,906 (19.16%) Infrastructure as Code
23 2,900 (19.12%) TDD
24 2,652 (17.48%) Go
25 2,578 (16.99%) Social Skills
26 2,515 (16.58%) PostgreSQL
27 2,451 (16.16%) Node.js
28 2,392 (15.77%) Test Automation
29 2,389 (15.75%) Mentoring
30 2,132 (14.05%) NoSQL

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 701 (4.62%) Apache Spark
2 545 (3.59%) Apache
3 421 (2.78%) Apache Airflow
4 418 (2.76%) Confluence
5 206 (1.36%) nginx
6 196 (1.29%) OpenStack
7 176 (1.16%) Apache Solr
7 176 (1.16%) IIS
8 167 (1.10%) Tomcat
9 133 (0.88%) Cloud Foundry
10 128 (0.84%) JBoss
11 94 (0.62%) CMS
12 79 (0.52%) Tornado
13 77 (0.51%) Apache Pulsar
14 73 (0.48%) Jupyter
15 49 (0.32%) Drupal
16 42 (0.28%) Jetty
17 37 (0.24%) BizTalk Server
18 33 (0.22%) WebSphere
19 32 (0.21%) WebLogic
Applications
1 42 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
2 26 (0.17%) Chatbot
2 26 (0.17%) MS Visio
3 22 (0.15%) Sketch
4 17 (0.11%) Microsoft Excel
5 14 (0.092%) Photoshop
6 11 (0.073%) Campfire
7 10 (0.066%) Adobe XD
8 7 (0.046%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 6 (0.040%) InVision
10 5 (0.033%) CPLEX
10 5 (0.033%) Spreadsheet
11 1 (0.007%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.007%) LaTeX
Business Applications
1 49 (0.32%) Distributed Ledger
2 43 (0.28%) R3 Corda
3 42 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
4 26 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
5 24 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
6 22 (0.15%) Shopify
7 15 (0.099%) Oracle ERP
8 6 (0.040%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 2 (0.013%) Cloudability
9 2 (0.013%) Magento
9 2 (0.013%) NetSuite
10 1 (0.007%) Aligne
10 1 (0.007%) assyst
10 1 (0.007%) Dynamics GP
10 1 (0.007%) Maximo
10 1 (0.007%) Odoo
10 1 (0.007%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
10 1 (0.007%) RMDS
10 1 (0.007%) SAP Hybris
10 1 (0.007%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 8,245 (54.35%) AWS
2 5,585 (36.82%) Azure
3 4,059 (26.76%) GCP
4 2,041 (13.45%) Serverless
5 1,467 (9.67%) GitHub
6 1,407 (9.27%) SaaS
7 1,220 (8.04%) Azure DevOps
8 1,164 (7.67%) AWS CloudFormation
9 1,061 (6.99%) AWS Lambda
10 1,019 (6.72%) OpenShift
11 691 (4.56%) Amazon S3
12 690 (4.55%) PaaS
13 627 (4.13%) Cloud Computing
14 619 (4.08%) Amazon ECS
15 603 (3.97%) Amazon EC2
16 571 (3.76%) Amazon EKS
17 494 (3.26%) IaaS
18 474 (3.12%) Google Kubernetes Engine
19 470 (3.10%) Cloud Functions
20 469 (3.09%) Azure AKS
Communications & Networking
1 573 (3.78%) Firewall
2 518 (3.41%) Internet
3 370 (2.44%) HTTP
4 294 (1.94%) DNS
5 195 (1.29%) VPN
6 193 (1.27%) Broadband
7 165 (1.09%) Network Security
8 155 (1.02%) TCP/IP
9 94 (0.62%) DHCP
10 88 (0.58%) Kerberos
11 84 (0.55%) LAN
11 84 (0.55%) MQTT
12 78 (0.51%) PPP
13 77 (0.51%) Software-Defined Networking
14 76 (0.50%) WAN
15 72 (0.47%) AMQP
16 56 (0.37%) SSH
16 56 (0.37%) SSL
17 53 (0.35%) Skype
18 51 (0.34%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,515 (16.58%) PostgreSQL
2 2,132 (14.05%) NoSQL
3 1,403 (9.25%) MongoDB
4 1,336 (8.81%) MySQL
5 1,258 (8.29%) Relational Database
6 1,088 (7.17%) Big Data
7 1,070 (7.05%) Redis
8 987 (6.51%) SQL Server
9 910 (6.00%) Elasticsearch
10 570 (3.76%) BigQuery
11 566 (3.73%) Apache Cassandra
12 433 (2.85%) DynamoDB
13 362 (2.39%) Hadoop
14 339 (2.23%) Amazon RDS
15 332 (2.19%) Flink
16 324 (2.14%) Amazon Aurora
17 267 (1.76%) Data Warehouse
18 242 (1.60%) RDBMS
19 241 (1.59%) Amazon Redshift
20 185 (1.22%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 3,553 (23.42%) Jenkins
2 3,287 (21.67%) Git (software)
3 1,049 (6.91%) JIRA
4 1,023 (6.74%) GitLab
5 863 (5.69%) Maven
6 532 (3.51%) Gradle
7 496 (3.27%) TeamCity
8 493 (3.25%) CircleCI
9 417 (2.75%) Cypress.io
10 414 (2.73%) Octopus Deploy
11 395 (2.60%) Selenium
12 370 (2.44%) Subversion
13 362 (2.39%) JUnit
14 343 (2.26%) webpack
15 335 (2.21%) Bitbucket
16 287 (1.89%) Travis CI
17 280 (1.85%) SonarQube
18 253 (1.67%) Cucumber
19 241 (1.59%) Team Foundation Server
20 232 (1.53%) Artifactory
General
1 4,365 (28.77%) Finance
2 2,578 (16.99%) Social Skills
3 1,391 (9.17%) Banking
4 1,299 (8.56%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 1,184 (7.80%) Retail
6 1,086 (7.16%) Games
7 792 (5.22%) Analytical Skills
8 610 (4.02%) Manufacturing
9 557 (3.67%) Marketing
10 518 (3.41%) Public Sector
11 415 (2.74%) Legal
12 331 (2.18%) Telecoms
13 327 (2.16%) Law
14 216 (1.42%) Presentation Skills
15 185 (1.22%) Financial Institution
16 182 (1.20%) Advertising
17 169 (1.11%) Organisational Skills
18 144 (0.95%) Back Office
19 125 (0.82%) Tech for Good
20 119 (0.78%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 4,209 (27.75%) Developer
2 2,813 (18.54%) DevOps Engineer
3 2,701 (17.80%) Software Engineer
4 1,220 (8.04%) Senior Developer
5 1,040 (6.86%) Java Developer
6 1,036 (6.83%) Senior Software Engineer
7 1,016 (6.70%) Cloud Engineer
8 909 (5.99%) Java Engineer
9 862 (5.68%) Senior DevOps
10 795 (5.24%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 686 (4.52%) Full Stack Developer
12 613 (4.04%) Architect
13 527 (3.47%) Data Engineer
14 501 (3.30%) Senior Java Engineer
15 494 (3.26%) AWS Engineer
16 458 (3.02%) Senior Java Developer
17 420 (2.77%) Software Developer
18 382 (2.52%) Site Reliability Engineer
19 335 (2.21%) C# Developer
20 334 (2.20%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,611 (23.80%) React
2 2,978 (19.63%) Kafka
3 2,451 (16.16%) Node.js
4 2,124 (14.00%) Spring
5 1,952 (12.87%) .NET
6 1,662 (10.96%) Spring Boot
7 1,646 (10.85%) RESTful
8 1,583 (10.44%) REST
9 1,220 (8.04%) CSS
10 1,128 (7.44%) AngularJS
11 977 (6.44%) GraphQL
12 972 (6.41%) .NET Core
13 971 (6.40%) HTML
14 934 (6.16%) RabbitMQ
15 612 (4.03%) ASP.NET
16 611 (4.03%) Redux
17 604 (3.98%) Vue.js
18 600 (3.96%) Elastic Stack
19 562 (3.70%) Web Services
20 544 (3.59%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 1,340 (8.83%) Cloud Native
2 1,106 (7.29%) Algorithms
3 887 (5.85%) Greenfield Project
4 803 (5.29%) User Experience
5 783 (5.16%) Data Structures
6 742 (4.89%) Public Cloud
7 523 (3.45%) Linux Command Line
8 499 (3.29%) Virtual Team
9 483 (3.18%) Life Science
10 452 (2.98%) Mobile App
11 451 (2.97%) Blog
12 396 (2.61%) Self-Motivation
13 349 (2.30%) Social Media
14 344 (2.27%) Sports Betting
15 300 (1.98%) Enterprise Software
16 258 (1.70%) Data Centre
17 245 (1.62%) Hackathon
18 230 (1.52%) Private Cloud
19 229 (1.51%) Social Network
20 211 (1.39%) Blockchain
Operating Systems
1 3,345 (22.05%) Linux
2 1,082 (7.13%) Windows
3 881 (5.81%) Unix
4 275 (1.81%) Windows Server
5 196 (1.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 174 (1.15%) Android
7 155 (1.02%) CentOS
8 141 (0.93%) Mesosphere
9 123 (0.81%) Apple iOS
10 105 (0.69%) Ubuntu
10 105 (0.69%) VMS
11 40 (0.26%) Mac OS
12 32 (0.21%) Windows 10
13 27 (0.18%) AIX
14 24 (0.16%) Debian
15 19 (0.13%) CoreOS
16 17 (0.11%) Mac OS X
17 16 (0.11%) Oracle Linux
18 14 (0.092%) Alpine Linux
19 11 (0.073%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,927 (52.25%) Agile
2 7,001 (46.15%) DevOps
3 6,282 (41.41%) CI/CD
4 5,279 (34.80%) Software Engineering
5 5,102 (33.63%) Microservices
6 2,906 (19.16%) Infrastructure as Code
7 2,900 (19.12%) TDD
8 2,392 (15.77%) Test Automation
9 2,389 (15.75%) Mentoring
10 2,118 (13.96%) Full Stack Development
11 2,051 (13.52%) Scrum
12 1,938 (12.78%) Problem-Solving
13 1,603 (10.57%) Coaching
14 1,547 (10.20%) Continuous Integration
15 1,438 (9.48%) Open Source
16 1,391 (9.17%) BDD
17 1,381 (9.10%) Machine Learning
18 1,370 (9.03%) Configuration Management
19 1,364 (8.99%) Data Science
20 1,329 (8.76%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 6,183 (40.76%) Python
2 5,823 (38.38%) Java
3 3,818 (25.17%) JavaScript
4 3,291 (21.69%) SQL
5 2,652 (17.48%) Go
6 1,980 (13.05%) C#
7 1,841 (12.14%) TypeScript
8 1,671 (11.02%) Bash
9 1,351 (8.91%) PowerShell
10 1,176 (7.75%) Ruby
11 959 (6.32%) Scala
12 912 (6.01%) Kotlin
13 716 (4.72%) PHP
14 546 (3.60%) Shell Script
15 505 (3.33%) Groovy
16 434 (2.86%) Rust
17 404 (2.66%) C++
18 340 (2.24%) Perl
19 310 (2.04%) T-SQL
20 297 (1.96%) ES6
Qualifications
1 1,173 (7.73%) Degree
2 539 (3.55%) Security Cleared
3 476 (3.14%) Computer Science Degree
4 367 (2.42%) SC Cleared
5 223 (1.47%) AWS Certification
6 114 (0.75%) Master's Degree
7 112 (0.74%) Microsoft Certification
8 101 (0.67%) OCP
8 101 (0.67%) Oracle Certification
9 63 (0.42%) CISSP
9 63 (0.42%) DV Cleared
10 38 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
11 28 (0.18%) PMI Certification
12 27 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
13 23 (0.15%) CISM
14 21 (0.14%) PhD
14 21 (0.14%) TOGAF Certification
15 20 (0.13%) BPSS Clearance
16 19 (0.13%) ITIL Certification
17 18 (0.12%) CRISC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 829 (5.46%) QA
2 138 (0.91%) SLA
3 127 (0.84%) Accessibility
3 127 (0.84%) Data Quality
4 119 (0.78%) GDPR
5 105 (0.69%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 70 (0.46%) PCI DSS
7 41 (0.27%) SOC 2
8 33 (0.22%) GxP
9 27 (0.18%) Cyber Essentials
10 22 (0.15%) HIPAA
11 21 (0.14%) SOC 1
12 18 (0.12%) NIST
13 16 (0.11%) GRC
14 15 (0.099%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 13 (0.086%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
16 10 (0.066%) PMO
17 9 (0.059%) ISO 9001
18 7 (0.046%) PSD2
19 5 (0.033%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 10,601 (69.88%) Docker
2 332 (2.19%) Virtual Machines
3 240 (1.58%) VMware Infrastructure
4 161 (1.06%) Active Directory
5 145 (0.96%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 65 (0.43%) vSphere
7 62 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
8 61 (0.40%) KVM
9 57 (0.38%) Virtual Servers
10 51 (0.34%) Hyper-V
11 44 (0.29%) Apache Flume
12 34 (0.22%) LXC
13 23 (0.15%) Xen
14 22 (0.15%) ISA Server
15 21 (0.14%) Ceph
15 21 (0.14%) NFS
16 18 (0.12%) Citrix Hypervisor
17 17 (0.11%) zsh
18 13 (0.086%) Virtual Desktop
19 12 (0.079%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 4,912 (32.38%) Terraform
2 2,975 (19.61%) Ansible
3 1,304 (8.60%) Puppet
4 1,116 (7.36%) Opscode Chef
5 1,082 (7.13%) Prometheus
6 829 (5.46%) Grafana
7 405 (2.67%) Istio
8 233 (1.54%) Kibana
9 216 (1.42%) Docker Swarm
10 212 (1.40%) Consul
11 165 (1.09%) Rancher
12 147 (0.97%) logstash
13 141 (0.93%) Automic
14 135 (0.89%) Argo
14 135 (0.89%) Packer
15 103 (0.68%) HAProxy
16 84 (0.55%) ZABBIX
17 65 (0.43%) Mesos
18 62 (0.41%) Graphite
18 62 (0.41%) Kiali
Vendors
1 1,889 (12.45%) Google
2 1,216 (8.02%) Microsoft
3 633 (4.17%) Oracle
4 523 (3.45%) Splunk
5 360 (2.37%) Twitter
6 310 (2.04%) VMware
7 283 (1.87%) Red Hat
8 144 (0.95%) Zopa
9 129 (0.85%) SAP
10 118 (0.78%) AppDynamics
11 113 (0.74%) Atlassian
12 106 (0.70%) Cisco
13 103 (0.68%) New Relic
14 102 (0.67%) Databricks
15 101 (0.67%) TrueLayer
16 95 (0.63%) IBM
17 94 (0.62%) Facebook
18 93 (0.61%) Spotify
19 92 (0.61%) BT
20 91 (0.60%) Salesforce.com