Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK > England
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 21 35 71
Rank change year-on-year +14 +36 +104
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 9,616 4,060 5,446
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 9.62% 6.39% 4.09%
As % of the Systems Management category 54.18% 41.95% 31.06%
Number of salaries quoted 6,274 3,473 4,457
10th Percentile £43,750 £43,750 £42,500
25th Percentile £53,750 £52,500 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £70,000
75th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £105,000 £105,000 £100,000
UK median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £70,000

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 17,747 9,679 17,536
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 17.76% 15.24% 13.18%
Number of salaries quoted 11,817 7,954 13,602
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,750 £32,952
25th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +9.09%
75th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £77,500
90th Percentile £98,750 £95,000 £91,250
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £58,627
% change year-on-year +8.33% +2.34% +6.59%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Salary trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the England region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +9 5,824 £80,000 +3.23% 915
North of England +27 1,233 £60,000 +14.29% 245
South East +40 1,175 £65,000 +13.04% 175
Yorkshire +22 624 £57,500 +9.52% 91
North West +16 512 £60,000 +9.09% 133
South West +24 509 £55,000 +3.29% 99
Midlands +36 413 £60,000 +9.09% 145
West Midlands +37 319 £62,500 +13.64% 107
East of England +25 184 £60,000 +20.00% 83
North East +44 99 £49,000 -2.00% 21
East Midlands +5 94 £57,500 +15.00% 38
Kubernetes
UK

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 7,138 (74.23%) Docker
2 5,167 (53.73%) AWS
3 4,832 (50.25%) DevOps
4 4,414 (45.90%) Agile Software Development
5 3,783 (39.34%) Azure
6 3,561 (37.03%) Terraform
7 3,520 (36.61%) Python
8 3,059 (31.81%) Java
9 3,046 (31.68%) Microservices
10 2,933 (30.50%) Software Engineering
11 2,489 (25.88%) JavaScript
12 2,295 (23.87%) GCP
12 2,295 (23.87%) React
13 2,205 (22.93%) Finance
14 2,121 (22.06%) Linux
15 2,093 (21.77%) Jenkins
16 1,961 (20.39%) SQL
17 1,772 (18.43%) Git (software)
18 1,767 (18.38%) Infrastructure as Code
19 1,745 (18.15%) Ansible
20 1,662 (17.28%) C#
21 1,545 (16.07%) Node.js
22 1,473 (15.32%) Social Skills
23 1,462 (15.20%) Go
24 1,425 (14.82%) TDD
25 1,399 (14.55%) .NET
26 1,391 (14.47%) Kafka
27 1,350 (14.04%) TypeScript
28 1,339 (13.92%) PostgreSQL
29 1,298 (13.50%) Full Stack Development

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 646 (6.72%) Elasticsearch
2 515 (5.36%) Apache Spark
3 296 (3.08%) Apache
4 229 (2.38%) Confluence
5 189 (1.97%) Apache Airflow
6 130 (1.35%) Cloud Foundry
7 117 (1.22%) nginx
8 84 (0.87%) OpenStack
9 71 (0.74%) Tomcat
10 54 (0.56%) Apache Solr
11 51 (0.53%) CMS
12 43 (0.45%) IIS
13 42 (0.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 42 (0.44%) Tornado
14 35 (0.36%) GemFire
15 32 (0.33%) Drupal
16 28 (0.29%) Apache Pulsar
17 26 (0.27%) JBoss
18 25 (0.26%) SharePoint
19 19 (0.20%) WordPress
Applications
1 34 (0.35%) Sketch
2 28 (0.29%) InVision
3 22 (0.23%) Adobe Illustrator
3 22 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
3 22 (0.23%) Photoshop
4 17 (0.18%) GIMP
5 16 (0.17%) Figma
6 12 (0.12%) SOLIDWORKS
6 12 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
7 7 (0.073%) Microsoft Excel
7 7 (0.073%) MS Visio
8 6 (0.062%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 5 (0.052%) Chatbot
9 5 (0.052%) Fireworks
9 5 (0.052%) Zeplin
10 1 (0.010%) Revit
Business Applications
1 33 (0.34%) Distributed Ledger
2 32 (0.33%) Magento
3 27 (0.28%) R3 Corda
4 19 (0.20%) Sentinel
5 17 (0.18%) Shopify
6 16 (0.17%) MetaTrader
7 13 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
8 10 (0.10%) Primavera
9 9 (0.094%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
10 5 (0.052%) SDL Web 8
10 5 (0.052%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
11 4 (0.042%) Infor M3
12 1 (0.010%) NetSuite
12 1 (0.010%) Oracle Applications
12 1 (0.010%) Oracle EBS
12 1 (0.010%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 5,167 (53.73%) AWS
2 3,783 (39.34%) Azure
3 2,295 (23.87%) GCP
4 1,138 (11.83%) Serverless
5 834 (8.67%) SaaS
6 768 (7.99%) AWS CloudFormation
7 726 (7.55%) PaaS
8 602 (6.26%) GitHub
9 551 (5.73%) AWS Lambda
10 499 (5.19%) Amazon EKS
11 463 (4.81%) IaaS
12 412 (4.28%) Amazon S3
13 398 (4.14%) OpenShift
14 313 (3.25%) Amazon ECS
15 272 (2.83%) Cloud Computing
16 264 (2.75%) Amazon SQS
17 233 (2.42%) Amazon EC2
18 190 (1.98%) Datadog
19 171 (1.78%) Pulumi
20 154 (1.60%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 334 (3.47%) HTTP
2 251 (2.61%) Firewall
3 169 (1.76%) Internet
4 134 (1.39%) TCP/IP
5 131 (1.36%) DNS
6 106 (1.10%) VPN
7 58 (0.60%) Broadband
8 57 (0.59%) SSL
9 48 (0.50%) Network Security
10 43 (0.45%) WAN
11 41 (0.43%) SSH
12 34 (0.35%) SMTP
13 32 (0.33%) LAN
14 30 (0.31%) Calico
15 26 (0.27%) Cisco Nexus
16 24 (0.25%) DHCP
16 24 (0.25%) SAN
17 22 (0.23%) Skype
18 21 (0.22%) 5G
19 20 (0.21%) DMZ
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,339 (13.92%) PostgreSQL
2 1,232 (12.81%) NoSQL
3 919 (9.56%) MongoDB
4 789 (8.21%) MySQL
5 748 (7.78%) Big Data
6 561 (5.83%) Redis
7 521 (5.42%) Relational Database
8 505 (5.25%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 491 (5.11%) SQL Server
10 382 (3.97%) Hadoop
11 309 (3.21%) Amazon RDS
12 227 (2.36%) Apache Cassandra
13 221 (2.30%) Azure SQL Database
14 195 (2.03%) BigQuery
15 186 (1.93%) Amazon Redshift
16 155 (1.61%) Blockchain
17 135 (1.40%) Amazon Aurora
18 132 (1.37%) Amazon Athena
19 116 (1.21%) Neo4j
20 113 (1.18%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 2,093 (21.77%) Jenkins
2 1,772 (18.43%) Git (software)
3 782 (8.13%) GitLab
4 574 (5.97%) JIRA
5 338 (3.51%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 338 (3.51%) Selenium
6 307 (3.19%) Maven
7 274 (2.85%) TeamCity
8 258 (2.68%) CircleCI
9 231 (2.40%) Gradle
10 211 (2.19%) Cypress.io
11 205 (2.13%) JUnit
12 202 (2.10%) webpack
13 178 (1.85%) Octopus Deploy
14 175 (1.82%) Bitbucket
15 159 (1.65%) SonarQube
16 157 (1.63%) Artifactory
17 149 (1.55%) Team Foundation Server
18 144 (1.50%) Cucumber
19 136 (1.41%) Vagrant
General
1 2,205 (22.93%) Finance
2 1,473 (15.32%) Social Skills
3 626 (6.51%) Banking
4 440 (4.58%) Retail
5 347 (3.61%) Public Sector
6 331 (3.44%) Games
7 313 (3.25%) Analytical Skills
8 247 (2.57%) Marketing
9 223 (2.32%) Front Office
10 202 (2.10%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 157 (1.63%) Law
12 155 (1.61%) Manufacturing
12 155 (1.61%) Presentation Skills
13 134 (1.39%) Telecoms
14 129 (1.34%) Legal
15 98 (1.02%) Advertising
16 93 (0.97%) Financial Institution
17 86 (0.89%) Influencing Skills
18 85 (0.88%) Billing
19 74 (0.77%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 2,657 (27.63%) Developer
2 2,092 (21.76%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,237 (12.86%) Software Engineer
4 797 (8.29%) Senior Developer
5 726 (7.55%) AWS Engineer
6 610 (6.34%) Architect
7 580 (6.03%) Java Developer
8 546 (5.68%) Senior DevOps
9 535 (5.56%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 520 (5.41%) AWS DevOps
11 498 (5.18%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 498 (5.18%) Cloud Engineer
12 439 (4.57%) Azure Engineer
13 421 (4.38%) Platform Engineer
14 400 (4.16%) Senior Software Engineer
15 381 (3.96%) Java Engineer
16 357 (3.71%) Full Stack Developer
17 303 (3.15%) React Developer
18 291 (3.03%) Azure DevOps Engineer
19 286 (2.97%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,295 (23.87%) React
2 1,545 (16.07%) Node.js
3 1,399 (14.55%) .NET
4 1,391 (14.47%) Kafka
5 1,138 (11.83%) AngularJS
6 1,040 (10.82%) Spring
7 985 (10.24%) REST
8 841 (8.75%) .NET Core
9 813 (8.45%) Web Services
10 708 (7.36%) GraphQL
11 692 (7.20%) Spring Boot
12 677 (7.04%) RESTful
13 668 (6.95%) CSS
14 631 (6.56%) HTML
15 537 (5.58%) Vue.js
16 513 (5.33%) RabbitMQ
17 317 (3.30%) Redux
18 311 (3.23%) Elastic Stack
19 307 (3.19%) .NET Framework
20 280 (2.91%) gRPC
Miscellaneous
1 612 (6.36%) Cloud Native
2 489 (5.09%) Greenfield Project
3 471 (4.90%) User Experience
4 422 (4.39%) Public Cloud
5 348 (3.62%) Algorithms
6 256 (2.66%) Hybrid Cloud
7 239 (2.49%) Data Centre
8 228 (2.37%) Mobile App
9 219 (2.28%) Self-Motivation
10 199 (2.07%) Linux Command Line
11 186 (1.93%) Blog
12 182 (1.89%) Enterprise Software
13 161 (1.67%) Hedge funds
14 150 (1.56%) Data Structures
15 149 (1.55%) Virtual Team
16 118 (1.23%) Equities
17 106 (1.10%) Legacy Systems
18 92 (0.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 82 (0.85%) NHS
20 81 (0.84%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 2,121 (22.06%) Linux
2 535 (5.56%) Windows
3 284 (2.95%) Unix
4 164 (1.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 115 (1.20%) Android
5 115 (1.20%) CentOS
6 104 (1.08%) Ubuntu
7 92 (0.96%) Windows Server
8 86 (0.89%) Apple iOS
9 50 (0.52%) VMS
10 37 (0.38%) Windows Server 2016
11 34 (0.35%) Mesosphere
12 28 (0.29%) Debian
13 22 (0.23%) Windows Server 2019
14 17 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
15 13 (0.14%) SUSE
16 10 (0.10%) CoreOS
17 9 (0.094%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
18 8 (0.083%) Windows Server 2008
19 7 (0.073%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,832 (50.25%) DevOps
2 4,414 (45.90%) Agile Software Development
3 3,046 (31.68%) Microservices
4 2,933 (30.50%) Software Engineering
5 1,767 (18.38%) Infrastructure as Code
6 1,425 (14.82%) TDD
7 1,298 (13.50%) Full Stack Development
8 1,127 (11.72%) Mentoring
9 1,111 (11.55%) Scrum
10 1,094 (11.38%) Test Automation
11 1,052 (10.94%) Continuous Integration
12 995 (10.35%) Problem-Solving
13 929 (9.66%) Fintech
14 839 (8.73%) Analytics
15 838 (8.71%) Configuration Management
16 812 (8.44%) Artificial Intelligence
17 789 (8.21%) Open Source
18 742 (7.72%) Machine Learning
19 694 (7.22%) Computer Science
20 645 (6.71%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 3,520 (36.61%) Python
2 3,059 (31.81%) Java
3 2,489 (25.88%) JavaScript
4 1,961 (20.39%) SQL
5 1,662 (17.28%) C#
6 1,462 (15.20%) Go
7 1,350 (14.04%) TypeScript
8 985 (10.24%) Bash Shell
9 775 (8.06%) PowerShell
10 770 (8.01%) Ruby
11 584 (6.07%) Scala
12 522 (5.43%) Kotlin
13 458 (4.76%) PHP
14 390 (4.06%) C++
15 242 (2.52%) Java 8
16 199 (2.07%) ES6
17 186 (1.93%) C
18 182 (1.89%) Shell Script
19 176 (1.83%) Groovy
20 152 (1.58%) Rust
Qualifications
1 812 (8.44%) Degree
2 545 (5.67%) Security Cleared
3 436 (4.53%) SC Cleared
4 415 (4.32%) Computer Science Degree
5 144 (1.50%) AWS Certification
6 141 (1.47%) Master's Degree
7 76 (0.79%) OCP
7 76 (0.79%) Oracle Certification
8 50 (0.52%) Cisco Certification
9 34 (0.35%) DV Cleared
10 33 (0.34%) PhD
11 24 (0.25%) SANS
12 22 (0.23%) CISSP
13 20 (0.21%) RHCE
14 19 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
15 16 (0.17%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
16 15 (0.16%) ISTQB
16 15 (0.16%) RHCSA
16 15 (0.16%) TOGAF Certification
17 14 (0.15%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 461 (4.79%) QA
2 143 (1.49%) GDPR
3 72 (0.75%) Accessibility
4 49 (0.51%) Data Quality
4 49 (0.51%) PSD2
4 49 (0.51%) SLA
5 42 (0.44%) PCI DSS
6 21 (0.22%) WCAG
7 18 (0.19%) GRC
7 18 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 10 (0.10%) GxP
9 8 (0.083%) NIST
10 4 (0.042%) 21 CFR Part 11
10 4 (0.042%) SOC 2
11 3 (0.031%) Cyber Essentials
11 3 (0.031%) SOC 1
12 2 (0.021%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 2 (0.021%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 1 (0.010%) HIPAA
13 1 (0.010%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 7,138 (74.23%) Docker
2 214 (2.23%) Active Directory
3 157 (1.63%) VMware Infrastructure
4 137 (1.42%) Virtual Machines
5 80 (0.83%) VirtualBox
6 41 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 37 (0.38%) Hyper-V
8 35 (0.36%) KVM
9 26 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
10 25 (0.26%) ISA Server
10 25 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
11 17 (0.18%) vSphere
12 15 (0.16%) Ceph
12 15 (0.16%) LXC
13 14 (0.15%) HDFS
14 13 (0.14%) Xen
15 10 (0.10%) NFS
16 9 (0.094%) XenApp
17 8 (0.083%) Virtual Desktop
17 8 (0.083%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 3,561 (37.03%) Terraform
2 1,745 (18.15%) Ansible
3 1,062 (11.04%) Puppet
4 824 (8.57%) Opscode Chef
5 697 (7.25%) Prometheus
6 575 (5.98%) Grafana
7 236 (2.45%) Istio
8 231 (2.40%) Docker Swarm
9 139 (1.45%) Consul
10 137 (1.42%) Packer
11 118 (1.23%) Graphite
12 107 (1.11%) Kibana
13 102 (1.06%) Nagios
14 79 (0.82%) Rancher
15 69 (0.72%) Salt
15 69 (0.72%) ZABBIX
16 46 (0.48%) Mesos
17 45 (0.47%) logstash
18 44 (0.46%) CFEngine
19 41 (0.43%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 925 (9.62%) Google
2 679 (7.06%) Microsoft
3 505 (5.25%) Oracle
4 256 (2.66%) Red Hat
5 251 (2.61%) VMware
6 232 (2.41%) Splunk
7 221 (2.30%) IBM
8 142 (1.48%) SaltStack
9 115 (1.20%) New Relic
10 109 (1.13%) Atlassian
11 104 (1.08%) SAP
12 89 (0.93%) Cloudera
13 87 (0.90%) Hortonworks
14 71 (0.74%) Talend
15 67 (0.70%) Informatica
16 48 (0.50%) PagerDuty
17 43 (0.45%) Cisco
18 42 (0.44%) Dynatrace
19 40 (0.42%) Adobe
20 31 (0.32%) Databricks