Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK > England
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 24 47 95
Rank change year-on-year +23 +48 +127
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 6,357 5,431 4,574
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 8.60% 5.17% 3.32%
As % of the Systems Management category 51.22% 38.88% 27.33%
Number of salaries quoted 5,154 4,481 3,760
10th Percentile £42,500 £43,674 £42,500
25th Percentile £52,500 £52,500 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year - +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £87,500 £87,500 £83,750
90th Percentile £100,000 £102,500 £96,250
UK median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,500
% change year-on-year - +6.87% +0.77%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 12,412 13,970 16,734
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 16.78% 13.31% 12.13%
Number of salaries quoted 10,040 11,086 13,227
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,750 £33,000
25th Percentile £46,750 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% - +9.09%
75th Percentile £81,250 £80,000 £76,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Salary trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the England region over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +17 3,609 £80,000 +3.23% 728
North of England +43 876 £57,500 +4.55% 213
South East +64 870 £60,000 +4.35% 144
South West +38 441 £52,500 +1.76% 75
Yorkshire +33 437 £57,500 +4.55% 77
North West +35 392 £60,000 +5.07% 113
Midlands +55 270 £60,000 +9.09% 95
West Midlands +51 194 £62,500 +13.64% 71
East of England +42 134 £65,000 +18.18% 48
East Midlands +30 75 £57,500 +9.52% 24
North East +55 49 £47,500 -5.00% 23
Kubernetes
UK

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 4,820 (75.82%) Docker
2 3,563 (56.05%) DevOps
3 3,398 (53.45%) AWS
4 2,828 (44.49%) Agile Software Development
5 2,533 (39.85%) Terraform
6 2,505 (39.41%) Azure
7 2,418 (38.04%) Python
8 2,011 (31.63%) Java
9 1,919 (30.19%) Microservices
10 1,724 (27.12%) Software Engineering
11 1,563 (24.59%) JavaScript
12 1,520 (23.91%) Linux
13 1,452 (22.84%) GCP
14 1,415 (22.26%) Jenkins
15 1,362 (21.43%) Finance
16 1,321 (20.78%) Ansible
17 1,229 (19.33%) SQL
18 1,104 (17.37%) Infrastructure as Code
19 1,103 (17.35%) C#
20 1,066 (16.77%) Git (software)
21 1,000 (15.73%) TDD
22 956 (15.04%) React
23 940 (14.79%) Go
24 927 (14.58%) Node.js
25 873 (13.73%) .NET
26 833 (13.10%) Scrum
27 818 (12.87%) Kafka
28 816 (12.84%) Puppet
29 752 (11.83%) Continuous Integration
30 740 (11.64%) PostgreSQL

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 339 (5.33%) Apache Spark
2 317 (4.99%) Elasticsearch
3 152 (2.39%) Apache
4 141 (2.22%) Confluence
5 104 (1.64%) Apache Airflow
6 69 (1.09%) OpenStack
7 64 (1.01%) Cloud Foundry
8 49 (0.77%) nginx
9 46 (0.72%) Tomcat
10 39 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 30 (0.47%) IIS
12 24 (0.38%) CMS
13 19 (0.30%) Apache Solr
14 18 (0.28%) WebSphere
15 16 (0.25%) JBoss
16 15 (0.24%) WordPress
17 14 (0.22%) Drupal
17 14 (0.22%) WebLogic
18 12 (0.19%) SharePoint
18 12 (0.19%) Tornado
Applications
1 30 (0.47%) InVision
2 26 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
3 24 (0.38%) Sketch
4 7 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
5 5 (0.079%) Microsoft Excel
5 5 (0.079%) Zeplin
6 4 (0.063%) Chatbot
7 3 (0.047%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 2 (0.031%) Adobe Illustrator
8 2 (0.031%) Figma
8 2 (0.031%) GIMP
8 2 (0.031%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.031%) SOLIDWORKS
9 1 (0.016%) Revit
Business Applications
1 24 (0.38%) R3 Corda
2 16 (0.25%) Magento
3 14 (0.22%) Distributed Ledger
4 11 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
5 9 (0.14%) Sentinel
6 6 (0.094%) Payment Gateway
7 5 (0.079%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 4 (0.063%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 4 (0.063%) Infor M3
8 4 (0.063%) Oracle EBS
8 4 (0.063%) SAP Hybris
9 3 (0.047%) Shopify
10 2 (0.031%) NetSuite
11 1 (0.016%) MetaTrader
Cloud Services
1 3,398 (53.45%) AWS
2 2,505 (39.41%) Azure
3 1,452 (22.84%) GCP
4 546 (8.59%) Serverless
5 531 (8.35%) SaaS
6 514 (8.09%) AWS CloudFormation
7 493 (7.76%) PaaS
8 400 (6.29%) Amazon EKS
9 350 (5.51%) IaaS
10 275 (4.33%) GitHub
11 266 (4.18%) Amazon ECS
12 263 (4.14%) OpenShift
13 256 (4.03%) AWS Lambda
14 212 (3.33%) Amazon S3
15 170 (2.67%) Datadog
16 153 (2.41%) Amazon EC2
17 144 (2.27%) Pulumi
18 137 (2.16%) Cloud Computing
19 114 (1.79%) IBM Cloud
20 113 (1.78%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 163 (2.56%) Firewall
2 110 (1.73%) Internet
3 105 (1.65%) DNS
3 105 (1.65%) TCP/IP
4 102 (1.60%) HTTP
5 52 (0.82%) Network Security
6 49 (0.77%) VPN
7 35 (0.55%) DHCP
8 34 (0.53%) WAN
9 24 (0.38%) SAN
10 20 (0.31%) DMZ
11 19 (0.30%) LAN
12 17 (0.27%) HTTPS
12 17 (0.27%) NAS
13 16 (0.25%) SSL
14 14 (0.22%) 5G
14 14 (0.22%) FTP
15 13 (0.20%) BGP
15 13 (0.20%) SMTP
15 13 (0.20%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 740 (11.64%) PostgreSQL
2 561 (8.82%) NoSQL
3 556 (8.75%) MongoDB
4 427 (6.72%) MySQL
5 408 (6.42%) Big Data
6 384 (6.04%) SQL Server
7 271 (4.26%) Relational Database
8 256 (4.03%) Hadoop
9 235 (3.70%) Redis
10 190 (2.99%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 183 (2.88%) Azure SQL Database
12 136 (2.14%) Amazon RDS
13 117 (1.84%) Amazon Redshift
14 110 (1.73%) Apache Cassandra
15 102 (1.60%) Cosmos DB
16 100 (1.57%) BigQuery
17 94 (1.48%) Blockchain
18 87 (1.37%) MariaDB
19 84 (1.32%) Apache Hive
20 79 (1.24%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1,415 (22.26%) Jenkins
2 1,066 (16.77%) Git (software)
3 557 (8.76%) GitLab
4 296 (4.66%) JIRA
5 220 (3.46%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 202 (3.18%) Maven
7 194 (3.05%) Selenium
8 177 (2.78%) TeamCity
9 160 (2.52%) Gradle
10 138 (2.17%) Bitbucket
11 128 (2.01%) CircleCI
12 110 (1.73%) Artifactory
13 105 (1.65%) Cucumber
14 101 (1.59%) Vagrant
15 91 (1.43%) Team Foundation Server
16 90 (1.42%) JUnit
17 78 (1.23%) Octopus Deploy
18 73 (1.15%) Cypress.io
18 73 (1.15%) SonarQube
19 71 (1.12%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 1,362 (21.43%) Finance
2 472 (7.42%) Banking
3 268 (4.22%) Public Sector
4 226 (3.56%) Games
5 171 (2.69%) Retail
6 131 (2.06%) Marketing
7 116 (1.82%) Telecoms
8 97 (1.53%) Law
9 84 (1.32%) Front Office
10 78 (1.23%) Manufacturing
11 70 (1.10%) Electronics
12 65 (1.02%) Legal
13 40 (0.63%) Billing
14 39 (0.61%) Advertising
15 34 (0.53%) Investment Banking
16 29 (0.46%) Financial Institution
17 26 (0.41%) Back Office
18 24 (0.38%) Online Betting
19 21 (0.33%) Automotive
20 14 (0.22%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,910 (30.05%) Developer
2 1,670 (26.27%) DevOps Engineer
3 678 (10.67%) AWS Engineer
4 622 (9.78%) Software Engineer
5 536 (8.43%) Java Developer
6 517 (8.13%) Senior Developer
7 494 (7.77%) AWS DevOps
8 449 (7.06%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 440 (6.92%) Senior DevOps
10 411 (6.47%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 401 (6.31%) Cloud Engineer
12 394 (6.20%) Architect
13 334 (5.25%) Azure Engineer
14 289 (4.55%) Full Stack Developer
15 278 (4.37%) Platform Engineer
16 262 (4.12%) Java Engineer
17 241 (3.79%) Kubernetes Engineer
18 238 (3.74%) Azure DevOps Engineer
19 229 (3.60%) Software Developer
20 201 (3.16%) Site Reliability Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 956 (15.04%) React
2 927 (14.58%) Node.js
3 873 (13.73%) .NET
4 818 (12.87%) Kafka
5 715 (11.25%) AngularJS
6 609 (9.58%) Spring
7 531 (8.35%) .NET Core
8 516 (8.12%) Spring Boot
9 477 (7.50%) REST
10 436 (6.86%) Web Services
11 400 (6.29%) Vue.js
12 378 (5.95%) CSS
13 352 (5.54%) HTML
14 315 (4.96%) RESTful
15 280 (4.40%) GraphQL
16 265 (4.17%) RabbitMQ
17 229 (3.60%) .NET Framework
18 174 (2.74%) Elastic Stack
19 164 (2.58%) HTML5
20 162 (2.55%) gRPC
Miscellaneous
1 362 (5.69%) Cloud Native
2 349 (5.49%) Greenfield Project
3 269 (4.23%) Public Cloud
4 187 (2.94%) Algorithms
5 181 (2.85%) Analytical Skills
6 171 (2.69%) Data Centre
7 165 (2.60%) Hybrid Cloud
8 147 (2.31%) Hedge funds
9 145 (2.28%) Linux Command Line
10 121 (1.90%) User Experience
11 119 (1.87%) Self-Motivation
12 111 (1.75%) Data Structures
13 104 (1.64%) Enterprise Software
14 87 (1.37%) Mobile App
15 82 (1.29%) Blog
16 73 (1.15%) Enterprise Cloud
17 65 (1.02%) Equities
18 51 (0.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 50 (0.79%) Private Cloud
20 43 (0.68%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,520 (23.91%) Linux
2 382 (6.01%) Windows
3 227 (3.57%) Unix
4 142 (2.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 113 (1.78%) CentOS
6 82 (1.29%) Windows Server
7 77 (1.21%) Ubuntu
8 71 (1.12%) Android
9 53 (0.83%) Apple iOS
10 29 (0.46%) Windows Server 2016
11 19 (0.30%) Debian
11 19 (0.30%) Windows Server 2019
12 17 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
13 15 (0.24%) VMS
14 13 (0.20%) Alpine Linux
15 11 (0.17%) CoreOS
16 10 (0.16%) zOS
17 5 (0.079%) Fedora
18 4 (0.063%) Windows Server 2008
19 3 (0.047%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,563 (56.05%) DevOps
2 2,828 (44.49%) Agile Software Development
3 1,919 (30.19%) Microservices
4 1,724 (27.12%) Software Engineering
5 1,104 (17.37%) Infrastructure as Code
6 1,000 (15.73%) TDD
7 833 (13.10%) Scrum
8 752 (11.83%) Continuous Integration
9 735 (11.56%) Fintech
10 677 (10.65%) Mentoring
11 607 (9.55%) Configuration Management
12 553 (8.70%) Problem-Solving
12 553 (8.70%) Test Automation
13 487 (7.66%) Machine Learning
14 478 (7.52%) Analytics
15 439 (6.91%) Site Reliability Engineering
16 397 (6.25%) Artificial Intelligence
17 381 (5.99%) Computer Science
18 370 (5.82%) Open Source
19 366 (5.76%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 2,418 (38.04%) Python
2 2,011 (31.63%) Java
3 1,563 (24.59%) JavaScript
4 1,229 (19.33%) SQL
5 1,103 (17.35%) C#
6 940 (14.79%) Go
7 682 (10.73%) TypeScript
8 613 (9.64%) Bash Shell
9 565 (8.89%) Ruby
10 468 (7.36%) PowerShell
11 333 (5.24%) Scala
12 292 (4.59%) PHP
13 238 (3.74%) Kotlin
14 228 (3.59%) C++
15 211 (3.32%) Java 8
16 154 (2.42%) Groovy
17 125 (1.97%) ES6
18 110 (1.73%) Shell Script
19 79 (1.24%) Perl
20 70 (1.10%) C
Qualifications
1 455 (7.16%) Degree
2 429 (6.75%) Security Cleared
3 353 (5.55%) SC Cleared
4 197 (3.10%) Computer Science Degree
5 141 (2.22%) AWS Certification
6 60 (0.94%) Master's Degree
7 50 (0.79%) Cisco Certification
8 40 (0.63%) DV Cleared
9 31 (0.49%) PhD
10 28 (0.44%) RHCE
11 26 (0.41%) CCNP
12 22 (0.35%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 22 (0.35%) SANS
13 21 (0.33%) ISTQB
13 21 (0.33%) RHCSA
14 20 (0.31%) OCP
14 20 (0.31%) Oracle Certification
15 18 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
16 17 (0.27%) ISEB
16 17 (0.27%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 193 (3.04%) QA
2 48 (0.76%) GDPR
3 34 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 29 (0.46%) NIST
5 26 (0.41%) Data Quality
6 21 (0.33%) PCI DSS
6 21 (0.33%) SLA
7 19 (0.30%) WCAG
8 17 (0.27%) GRC
9 13 (0.20%) SOC 2
10 12 (0.19%) HIPAA
11 10 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 10 (0.16%) SOC 1
12 9 (0.14%) ISO 9001
13 8 (0.13%) PSD2
14 5 (0.079%) Dodd-Frank
14 5 (0.079%) EMIR
14 5 (0.079%) MiFID
15 2 (0.031%) ISO 22301
16 1 (0.016%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 4,820 (75.82%) Docker
2 177 (2.78%) Active Directory
3 141 (2.22%) VMware Infrastructure
4 105 (1.65%) Virtual Machines
5 59 (0.93%) VirtualBox
6 36 (0.57%) KVM
7 26 (0.41%) Virtual Servers
8 25 (0.39%) Hyper-V
8 25 (0.39%) vSphere
9 22 (0.35%) XenApp
10 17 (0.27%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 17 (0.27%) XenDesktop
11 15 (0.24%) Xen
12 14 (0.22%) HDFS
13 11 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
14 9 (0.14%) LXC
15 7 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 7 (0.11%) Firmware
15 7 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
16 6 (0.094%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 2,533 (39.85%) Terraform
2 1,321 (20.78%) Ansible
3 816 (12.84%) Puppet
4 584 (9.19%) Opscode Chef
5 380 (5.98%) Prometheus
6 315 (4.96%) Grafana
7 160 (2.52%) Istio
8 128 (2.01%) Docker Swarm
9 117 (1.84%) Packer
10 82 (1.29%) Nagios
11 80 (1.26%) Consul
12 54 (0.85%) Graphite
13 43 (0.68%) CFEngine
14 41 (0.64%) Kibana
15 38 (0.60%) ZABBIX
16 35 (0.55%) Salt
17 31 (0.49%) HAProxy
17 31 (0.49%) SCCM
18 30 (0.47%) Opsview
19 28 (0.44%) Rancher
Vendors
1 674 (10.60%) Google
2 447 (7.03%) Microsoft
3 321 (5.05%) Oracle
4 236 (3.71%) VMware
5 213 (3.35%) Red Hat
6 188 (2.96%) IBM
7 136 (2.14%) SaltStack
8 126 (1.98%) Splunk
9 106 (1.67%) SAP
10 94 (1.48%) New Relic
11 83 (1.31%) Atlassian
12 59 (0.93%) Cisco
13 58 (0.91%) Cloudera
13 58 (0.91%) Hortonworks
14 50 (0.79%) Talend
15 48 (0.76%) Informatica
15 48 (0.76%) PagerDuty
16 37 (0.58%) Databricks
17 36 (0.57%) Dynatrace
18 29 (0.46%) Citrix