Period
to 19 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 19 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
UK > England
6 months to
19 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 105 164 312
Rank change year-on-year +59 +148 +161
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 4,253 3,558 1,777
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 3.04% 2.18% 1.06%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.31% 2.38% 1.17%
Number of salaries quoted 3,499 3,048 1,568
England median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% -4.00%
10th Percentile £38,733 £35,000 £35,000
90th Percentile £101,250 £97,500 £92,500
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% - -4.00%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 128,420 149,627 152,475
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.69% 91.81% 91.33%
Number of salaries quoted 102,342 121,370 127,073
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £28,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England over the 6 months to 19 January 2019.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the England region over the 6 months to 19 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +46 2,649 £72,500 +11.54% 396
South East +93 588 £55,000 - 106
East of England +11 381 £57,500 - 105
South West +47 273 £52,500 +5.00% 50
North of England -5 212 £49,337 -3.26% 51
Midlands +35 144 £46,250 +8.82% 41
North West -70 110 £45,000 -10.00% 31
East Midlands +42 81 £47,500 +11.76% 22
Yorkshire +67 77 £50,000 -9.09% 14
West Midlands +22 63 £42,500 +6.25% 19
North East +38 25 £49,337 -50.66% 6
Machine Learning
UK

For the 6 months to 19 January 2019, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 2,399 (56.41%) Python
2 1,930 (45.38%) Artificial Intelligence
3 1,502 (35.32%) Data Science
4 1,330 (31.27%) Java
5 1,224 (28.78%) Analytics
6 1,190 (27.98%) Big Data
7 1,144 (26.90%) Agile Software Development
8 1,104 (25.96%) SQL
9 973 (22.88%) Software Engineering
10 919 (21.61%) Algorithms
11 891 (20.95%) Amazon AWS
12 862 (20.27%) C++
13 826 (19.42%) Finance
14 799 (18.79%) Degree
15 790 (18.58%) Mathematics
16 729 (17.14%) R
17 728 (17.12%) Apache Spark
18 720 (16.93%) Computer Science
19 713 (16.76%) Hadoop
20 705 (16.58%) Deep Learning
21 676 (15.89%) JavaScript
22 666 (15.66%) Linux
23 651 (15.31%) Microsoft Azure
24 609 (14.32%) PhD
25 586 (13.78%) C#
26 571 (13.43%) Natural Language Processing
27 567 (13.33%) DevOps
28 545 (12.81%) Statistics
29 539 (12.67%) Visualisation
30 502 (11.80%) NoSQL

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 728 (17.12%) Apache Spark
2 195 (4.58%) Apache
3 147 (3.46%) Elasticsearch
4 143 (3.36%) SAS
5 90 (2.12%) Apache Pig
6 38 (0.89%) Tomcat
7 37 (0.87%) Apache Solr
8 29 (0.68%) CMS
9 21 (0.49%) Jupyter
10 20 (0.47%) GlassFish
11 18 (0.42%) Confluence
11 18 (0.42%) SharePoint
12 17 (0.40%) Apache Airflow
13 14 (0.33%) Ethereum
13 14 (0.33%) MS Exchange
13 14 (0.33%) OpenStack
14 13 (0.31%) Hyperledger
15 9 (0.21%) IIS
16 7 (0.16%) Luigi
17 6 (0.14%) Kinematics
Applications
1 69 (1.62%) Chatbot
2 50 (1.18%) Microsoft Excel
3 39 (0.92%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 35 (0.82%) GNU Octave
5 32 (0.75%) SPSS
6 29 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
7 24 (0.56%) Adobe Illustrator
8 23 (0.54%) Photoshop
9 12 (0.28%) Snapchat
10 11 (0.26%) Stata
11 9 (0.21%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 5 (0.12%) RoboHelp
13 3 (0.071%) CPLEX
14 2 (0.047%) Microsoft Project
14 2 (0.047%) MS Visio
14 2 (0.047%) Simulink
14 2 (0.047%) S-PLUS
14 2 (0.047%) Weka
15 1 (0.024%) Maya
15 1 (0.024%) MotionBuilder
Business Applications
1 22 (0.52%) Distributed Ledger
2 8 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
3 6 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.094%) Dynamics NAV
4 4 (0.094%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.047%) FastStats
5 2 (0.047%) Magento
5 2 (0.047%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.024%) BigMachines
6 1 (0.024%) SAP IBP
6 1 (0.024%) SAP MDG
6 1 (0.024%) SAP MDM
6 1 (0.024%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 891 (20.95%) Amazon AWS
2 651 (15.31%) Microsoft Azure
3 356 (8.37%) Google Cloud Platform
4 117 (2.75%) Cloud Computing
5 114 (2.68%) GitHub
6 100 (2.35%) SaaS
6 100 (2.35%) Serverless
7 73 (1.72%) PaaS
8 64 (1.50%) AWS Lambda
9 63 (1.48%) Amazon S3
10 58 (1.36%) Azure Machine Learning
11 46 (1.08%) Amazon EC2
12 41 (0.96%) Amazon SQS
13 35 (0.82%) Data Lake Analytics
14 34 (0.80%) AWS CloudFormation
14 34 (0.80%) Azure Data Factory
15 27 (0.63%) Google Analytics
16 26 (0.61%) Amazon EMR
17 24 (0.56%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
18 23 (0.54%) Amazon SageMaker
Communications & Networking
1 56 (1.32%) Internet
2 49 (1.15%) HTTP
3 27 (0.63%) WebEx
4 22 (0.52%) Firewall
5 16 (0.38%) Skype
6 13 (0.31%) VPN
7 12 (0.28%) Software-Defined Networking
8 10 (0.24%) Broadband
8 10 (0.24%) SAN
8 10 (0.24%) WAN
9 9 (0.21%) Network Security
9 9 (0.21%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
10 7 (0.16%) Sourcefire
11 6 (0.14%) BGP
11 6 (0.14%) MPLS
11 6 (0.14%) MQTT
11 6 (0.14%) PPP
12 5 (0.12%) DNS
12 5 (0.12%) Wi-Fi
12 5 (0.12%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,190 (27.98%) Big Data
2 713 (16.76%) Hadoop
3 502 (11.80%) NoSQL
4 304 (7.15%) Apache Hive
5 266 (6.25%) Data Warehouse
6 231 (5.43%) MongoDB
7 219 (5.15%) Data Mining
8 216 (5.08%) Relational Database
9 213 (5.01%) Apache Cassandra
10 195 (4.58%) SQL Server
11 185 (4.35%) HBase
12 181 (4.26%) PostgreSQL
13 169 (3.97%) Power BI
14 154 (3.62%) MySQL
15 138 (3.24%) Data Lake
16 125 (2.94%) Blockchain
17 113 (2.66%) QlikView
18 90 (2.12%) Amazon Redshift
19 83 (1.95%) RDBMS
20 79 (1.86%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 427 (10.04%) Git (software)
2 189 (4.44%) Jenkins
3 93 (2.19%) Maven
4 83 (1.95%) Selenium
5 79 (1.86%) Visual Studio
6 72 (1.69%) Subversion
7 67 (1.58%) JIRA
8 63 (1.48%) Gradle
9 52 (1.22%) JUnit
10 34 (0.80%) SoapUI
11 33 (0.78%) Cucumber
12 28 (0.66%) Ant
13 26 (0.61%) JMeter
13 26 (0.61%) webpack
14 25 (0.59%) Bitbucket
14 25 (0.59%) CircleCI
14 25 (0.59%) Eclipse
15 24 (0.56%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 24 (0.56%) git-flow
16 23 (0.54%) GitLab
General
1 826 (19.42%) Finance
2 325 (7.64%) Banking
3 245 (5.76%) Retail
4 235 (5.53%) Marketing
5 214 (5.03%) Law
6 152 (3.57%) Games
7 139 (3.27%) Military
8 101 (2.37%) Publishing
9 84 (1.98%) Telecoms
10 75 (1.76%) Manufacturing
11 67 (1.58%) Electronics
11 67 (1.58%) Investment Banking
12 60 (1.41%) Advertising
13 51 (1.20%) Pharmaceutical
14 33 (0.78%) Financial Institution
14 33 (0.78%) Retail Banking
15 28 (0.66%) Legal
16 20 (0.47%) Automotive
17 16 (0.38%) Front Office
17 16 (0.38%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 1,077 (25.32%) Developer
2 733 (17.23%) Data Scientist
3 361 (8.49%) Software Engineer
4 311 (7.31%) Data Engineer
5 267 (6.28%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 243 (5.71%) Python Developer
7 235 (5.53%) Senior Developer
8 233 (5.48%) Architect
9 215 (5.06%) Java Developer
10 214 (5.03%) Senior Data Scientist
11 199 (4.68%) Python Engineer
12 189 (4.44%) Consultant
13 173 (4.07%) Analyst
14 153 (3.60%) Software Developer
15 128 (3.01%) Big Data Engineer
16 127 (2.99%) Machine Learning Developer
17 123 (2.89%) Full Stack Developer
18 119 (2.80%) Machine Learning Researcher
19 118 (2.77%) Graduate
20 116 (2.73%) Machine Learning Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 571 (13.43%) Natural Language Processing
2 406 (9.55%) TensorFlow
3 310 (7.29%) React
4 305 (7.17%) HTML
5 294 (6.91%) Kafka
6 277 (6.51%) CSS
7 269 (6.32%) Node.js
8 266 (6.25%) AngularJS
9 249 (5.85%) .NET
10 169 (3.97%) Spring
11 166 (3.90%) Web Services
12 157 (3.69%) scikit-learn
13 156 (3.67%) REST
13 156 (3.67%) RESTful
14 138 (3.24%) Pandas
15 130 (3.06%) NumPy
16 128 (3.01%) Django
16 128 (3.01%) JSON
17 111 (2.61%) HTML5
18 110 (2.59%) Keras
Miscellaneous
1 919 (21.61%) Algorithms
2 461 (10.84%) Analytical Skills
3 299 (7.03%) Fintech
4 195 (4.58%) Robotics
5 183 (4.30%) Greenfield Project
6 171 (4.02%) Data Structures
7 148 (3.48%) User Experience
8 100 (2.35%) Self-Motivation
9 78 (1.83%) Social Media
10 74 (1.74%) Mobile App
11 67 (1.58%) Hedge funds
12 64 (1.50%) Virtual Team
13 52 (1.22%) Management Information System
14 49 (1.15%) Enterprise Software
15 44 (1.03%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 44 (1.03%) Life Science
16 39 (0.92%) Equities
17 36 (0.85%) Cloud Native
18 32 (0.75%) Internet of Things
19 30 (0.71%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 666 (15.66%) Linux
2 164 (3.86%) Unix
3 146 (3.43%) Windows
4 100 (2.35%) Android
5 68 (1.60%) Apple iOS
6 19 (0.45%) Embedded Linux
7 16 (0.38%) Ubuntu
8 13 (0.31%) CentOS
9 12 (0.28%) Robot Operating System
10 10 (0.24%) Windows Server
11 9 (0.21%) Mac OS
12 5 (0.12%) Debian
13 4 (0.094%) Fedora
14 2 (0.047%) CoreOS
14 2 (0.047%) DC/OS
14 2 (0.047%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 1 (0.024%) AIX
15 1 (0.024%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,930 (45.38%) Artificial Intelligence
2 1,502 (35.32%) Data Science
3 1,224 (28.78%) Analytics
4 1,144 (26.90%) Agile Software Development
5 973 (22.88%) Software Engineering
6 790 (18.58%) Mathematics
7 720 (16.93%) Computer Science
8 705 (16.58%) Deep Learning
9 567 (13.33%) DevOps
10 545 (12.81%) Statistics
11 539 (12.67%) Visualisation
12 430 (10.11%) Neural Network
13 407 (9.57%) Business Intelligence
14 387 (9.10%) Data Analysis
15 375 (8.82%) Data Analytics
16 360 (8.46%) Problem-Solving
17 320 (7.52%) Data Visualisation
18 314 (7.38%) Microservices
19 311 (7.31%) Physics
20 306 (7.19%) Computer Vision
Programming Languages
1 2,399 (56.41%) Python
2 1,330 (31.27%) Java
3 1,104 (25.96%) SQL
4 862 (20.27%) C++
5 729 (17.14%) R
6 676 (15.89%) JavaScript
7 586 (13.78%) C#
8 464 (10.91%) C
9 426 (10.02%) Scala
10 225 (5.29%) MATLAB
11 182 (4.28%) Go
12 121 (2.85%) Java 8
13 107 (2.52%) Ruby
14 104 (2.45%) Bash Shell
15 78 (1.83%) ES6
16 71 (1.67%) Shell Script
17 67 (1.58%) TypeScript
18 64 (1.50%) PHP
19 49 (1.15%) Apple Swift
20 48 (1.13%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 799 (18.79%) Degree
2 609 (14.32%) PhD
3 178 (4.19%) Computer Science Degree
4 112 (2.63%) MPhil
5 89 (2.09%) Master's Degree
6 82 (1.93%) Numerate Degree
7 61 (1.43%) Security Cleared
8 46 (1.08%) SC Cleared
9 36 (0.85%) Microsoft Certification
10 27 (0.63%) DV Cleared
11 21 (0.49%) Postgraduate
12 14 (0.33%) BPSS Clearance
12 14 (0.33%) TOGAF Certification
13 13 (0.31%) CISSP
14 10 (0.24%) MBA
15 9 (0.21%) CEH
16 8 (0.19%) GCIH
16 8 (0.19%) MCSA
16 8 (0.19%) PMI Certification
16 8 (0.19%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 147 (3.46%) QA
2 112 (2.63%) Data Quality
3 30 (0.71%) GDPR
4 13 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 10 (0.24%) PCI DSS
5 10 (0.24%) PMO
6 9 (0.21%) Actionable Recommendations
7 6 (0.14%) COBIT
7 6 (0.14%) Solvency II
8 3 (0.071%) GPG13
8 3 (0.071%) IFRS
8 3 (0.071%) MiFID
8 3 (0.071%) SLA
9 2 (0.047%) COSO
10 1 (0.024%) Basel III
10 1 (0.024%) EMIR
10 1 (0.024%) SEPA
System Software
1 468 (11.00%) Docker
2 104 (2.45%) HDFS
3 60 (1.41%) Apache Flume
4 34 (0.80%) Active Directory
5 32 (0.75%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 23 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
7 22 (0.52%) VirtualBox
7 22 (0.52%) VMware Infrastructure
8 12 (0.28%) Lustre
9 10 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
10 9 (0.21%) Xen
11 8 (0.19%) Snort
12 7 (0.16%) Oracle RAC
13 3 (0.071%) Firmware
13 3 (0.071%) GlusterFS
14 2 (0.047%) etcd
15 1 (0.024%) Ceph
15 1 (0.024%) KVM
15 1 (0.024%) LXC
15 1 (0.024%) QEMU
Systems Management
1 288 (6.77%) Kubernetes
2 127 (2.99%) Ansible
2 127 (2.99%) Terraform
3 89 (2.09%) Opscode Chef
4 85 (2.00%) Puppet
5 82 (1.93%) Oozie
6 32 (0.75%) Docker Swarm
7 28 (0.66%) Mesos
7 28 (0.66%) Prometheus
8 27 (0.63%) Hadoop YARN
9 24 (0.56%) Nagios
10 18 (0.42%) Packer
11 14 (0.33%) Consul
12 11 (0.26%) Ambari
12 11 (0.26%) Kibana
13 9 (0.21%) Grafana
13 9 (0.21%) logstash
13 9 (0.21%) Salt
13 9 (0.21%) vCenter Server
14 8 (0.19%) Graphite
Vendors
1 330 (7.76%) Google
2 282 (6.63%) Microsoft
3 262 (6.16%) Tableau
4 155 (3.64%) Oracle
5 141 (3.32%) Cloudera
6 78 (1.83%) Hortonworks
7 75 (1.76%) SAP
8 59 (1.39%) IBM
9 57 (1.34%) Splunk
10 35 (0.82%) Adobe
10 35 (0.82%) Databricks
11 28 (0.66%) MapR
12 27 (0.63%) Cisco
13 25 (0.59%) Talend
14 24 (0.56%) Apple
15 23 (0.54%) VMware
16 22 (0.52%) Alteryx
16 22 (0.52%) Informatica
17 21 (0.49%) Blue Prism
17 21 (0.49%) Facebook