Period
to 26 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 26 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
UK > England
6 months to
26 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 116 201 307
Rank change year-on-year +85 +106 +258
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 4,302 3,020 1,920
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.75% 1.81% 1.06%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.02% 1.98% 1.16%
Number of salaries quoted 3,525 2,530 1,730
England median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% -
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £36,250
90th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £95,000
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +4.17% - -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 142,232 152,761 165,364
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.08% 91.55% 90.91%
Number of salaries quoted 114,059 121,282 139,464
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,500 £27,750
90th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £78,750
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
% change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England over the 6 months to 26 September 2018.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the England region over the 6 months to 26 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +67 2,561 £70,000 +7.69% 379
South East +150 651 £52,500 -4.55% 93
East of England +28 465 £60,000 +20.00% 88
South West +110 290 £52,500 +5.00% 37
North of England -25 208 £47,500 -7.77% 42
North West -44 157 £50,000 -2.91% 22
Midlands +21 119 £47,500 +18.75% 35
West Midlands +22 67 £47,500 +18.75% 22
East Midlands +1 52 £52,500 +31.25% 13
Yorkshire +47 44 £45,000 -23.40% 12
North East -18 7 £45,000 +28.57% 8
Machine Learning
UK

For the 6 months to 26 September 2018, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 2,328 (54.11%) Python
2 1,707 (39.68%) Artificial Intelligence
3 1,567 (36.42%) Data Science
4 1,387 (32.24%) Java
5 1,248 (29.01%) Big Data
6 1,236 (28.73%) Analytics
7 1,149 (26.71%) SQL
8 1,095 (25.45%) Agile Software Development
9 987 (22.94%) Algorithms
10 924 (21.48%) C++
11 909 (21.13%) Computer Science
12 875 (20.34%) Degree
13 869 (20.20%) Software Engineering
14 860 (19.99%) Finance
15 797 (18.53%) Mathematics
16 760 (17.67%) PhD
17 759 (17.64%) Amazon AWS
18 756 (17.57%) R
19 747 (17.36%) Deep Learning
20 718 (16.69%) Apache Spark
21 693 (16.11%) JavaScript
22 688 (15.99%) Hadoop
23 666 (15.48%) Linux
24 634 (14.74%) Natural Language Processing
25 597 (13.88%) C#
26 560 (13.02%) Microsoft Azure
27 519 (12.06%) NoSQL
28 514 (11.95%) Statistics
29 488 (11.34%) Visualisation
30 483 (11.23%) DevOps

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 718 (16.69%) Apache Spark
2 170 (3.95%) Elasticsearch
3 163 (3.79%) Apache
4 136 (3.16%) SAS
5 47 (1.09%) Apache Pig
6 36 (0.84%) Tomcat
7 30 (0.70%) Apache Solr
8 27 (0.63%) SharePoint
9 26 (0.60%) Confluence
10 24 (0.56%) JBoss
11 22 (0.51%) CMS
11 22 (0.51%) Ethereum
12 21 (0.49%) Hyperledger
12 21 (0.49%) Jupyter
13 20 (0.46%) WordPress
14 12 (0.28%) GlassFish
14 12 (0.28%) OpenStack
15 11 (0.26%) IIS
16 8 (0.19%) Apache Airflow
16 8 (0.19%) nginx
Applications
1 71 (1.65%) Microsoft Excel
2 56 (1.30%) Chatbot
3 37 (0.86%) GNU Octave
4 31 (0.72%) SPSS
5 28 (0.65%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 25 (0.58%) Microsoft Office
7 19 (0.44%) MS Visio
8 16 (0.37%) Adobe Illustrator
8 16 (0.37%) Photoshop
9 8 (0.19%) RoboHelp
10 6 (0.14%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 6 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
11 4 (0.093%) Stata
12 2 (0.046%) CPLEX
12 2 (0.046%) SOLIDWORKS
13 1 (0.023%) Maya
13 1 (0.023%) Mingle
13 1 (0.023%) MotionBuilder
13 1 (0.023%) Spreadsheet
13 1 (0.023%) Weka
Business Applications
1 11 (0.26%) Distributed Ledger
2 7 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.16%) Ripple
3 5 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
4 4 (0.093%) Dynamics NAV
4 4 (0.093%) Oracle Receivables
4 4 (0.093%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
4 4 (0.093%) SAP Retail
5 2 (0.046%) JDE OneWorld
5 2 (0.046%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.046%) SAP MDG
5 2 (0.046%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.023%) Actimize
6 1 (0.023%) Magento
6 1 (0.023%) Oracle AML
6 1 (0.023%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 759 (17.64%) Amazon AWS
2 560 (13.02%) Microsoft Azure
3 190 (4.42%) Google Cloud Platform
4 126 (2.93%) Cloud Computing
5 112 (2.60%) SaaS
6 105 (2.44%) GitHub
7 100 (2.32%) Azure Data Factory
8 96 (2.23%) Serverless
9 81 (1.88%) PaaS
10 77 (1.79%) Amazon S3
11 69 (1.60%) Azure Machine Learning
12 52 (1.21%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
13 46 (1.07%) Amazon EC2
14 42 (0.98%) IaaS
15 38 (0.88%) AWS Lambda
16 33 (0.77%) Google Analytics
17 30 (0.70%) Amazon EMR
18 29 (0.67%) Amazon Kinesis
19 26 (0.60%) Office 365
20 24 (0.56%) Data Lake Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 76 (1.77%) HTTP
2 64 (1.49%) Internet
3 23 (0.53%) Sourcefire
4 22 (0.51%) Firewall
5 20 (0.46%) WebEx
6 16 (0.37%) Network Security
6 16 (0.37%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
7 12 (0.28%) Bluetooth
7 12 (0.28%) DNS
8 10 (0.23%) NFC
8 10 (0.23%) Skype
8 10 (0.23%) SMS
9 9 (0.21%) Wi-Fi
10 8 (0.19%) Intranet
10 8 (0.19%) Software-Defined Networking
11 6 (0.14%) DAB
11 6 (0.14%) LAN
11 6 (0.14%) VPN
11 6 (0.14%) WAN
12 5 (0.12%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,248 (29.01%) Big Data
2 688 (15.99%) Hadoop
3 519 (12.06%) NoSQL
4 299 (6.95%) MongoDB
5 253 (5.88%) Data Warehouse
6 247 (5.74%) Apache Hive
7 237 (5.51%) Power BI
8 232 (5.39%) Apache Cassandra
9 221 (5.14%) PostgreSQL
10 219 (5.09%) SQL Server
11 196 (4.56%) Relational Database
12 184 (4.28%) Blockchain
13 182 (4.23%) Data Mining
14 168 (3.91%) Data Lake
15 143 (3.32%) MySQL
16 113 (2.63%) Azure SQL Database
17 110 (2.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 108 (2.51%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 103 (2.39%) HBase
20 91 (2.12%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 448 (10.41%) Git (software)
2 228 (5.30%) Jenkins
3 93 (2.16%) Maven
4 89 (2.07%) Visual Studio
5 75 (1.74%) Selenium
6 73 (1.70%) JUnit
7 65 (1.51%) Subversion
8 61 (1.42%) JIRA
9 57 (1.32%) Cucumber
10 53 (1.23%) Gradle
11 49 (1.14%) TeamCity
12 33 (0.77%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 28 (0.65%) SoapUI
14 25 (0.58%) Mockito
15 23 (0.53%) gulp
15 23 (0.53%) Vagrant
16 21 (0.49%) CircleCI
16 21 (0.49%) GitLab
17 18 (0.42%) Octopus Deploy
18 16 (0.37%) Eclipse
General
1 860 (19.99%) Finance
2 305 (7.09%) Banking
3 273 (6.35%) Marketing
4 251 (5.83%) Retail
5 148 (3.44%) Games
6 137 (3.18%) Advertising
7 116 (2.70%) Telecoms
8 112 (2.60%) Electronics
9 104 (2.42%) Investment Banking
10 100 (2.32%) Financial Institution
11 83 (1.93%) Law
12 81 (1.88%) Manufacturing
13 78 (1.81%) Publishing
14 66 (1.53%) Front Office
15 34 (0.79%) Retail Banking
16 27 (0.63%) Pharmaceutical
17 23 (0.53%) Automotive
18 18 (0.42%) Legal
19 14 (0.33%) Back Office
20 13 (0.30%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 1,192 (27.71%) Developer
2 784 (18.22%) Data Scientist
3 355 (8.25%) Software Engineer
4 278 (6.46%) Java Developer
5 258 (6.00%) Data Engineer
6 247 (5.74%) Senior Data Scientist
7 226 (5.25%) Python Developer
8 224 (5.21%) Machine Learning Engineer
9 213 (4.95%) Architect
10 208 (4.83%) Consultant
11 205 (4.77%) Senior Developer
12 170 (3.95%) Graduate
13 165 (3.84%) Software Developer
14 162 (3.77%) Python Engineer
15 147 (3.42%) Analyst
16 144 (3.35%) Machine Learning Scientist
17 120 (2.79%) Machine Learning Researcher
18 111 (2.58%) Full Stack Developer
19 107 (2.49%) Machine Learning Developer
20 106 (2.46%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 634 (14.74%) Natural Language Processing
2 456 (10.60%) TensorFlow
3 328 (7.62%) AngularJS
4 312 (7.25%) HTML
5 302 (7.02%) CSS
6 300 (6.97%) Node.js
7 294 (6.83%) React
8 265 (6.16%) .NET
9 263 (6.11%) RESTful
10 257 (5.97%) Kafka
11 249 (5.79%) Web Services
12 162 (3.77%) REST
13 142 (3.30%) NumPy
14 141 (3.28%) Keras
15 140 (3.25%) Pandas
16 138 (3.21%) Spring
17 137 (3.18%) scikit-learn
18 131 (3.05%) HTML5
19 116 (2.70%) Django
20 99 (2.30%) SciPy
Miscellaneous
1 987 (22.94%) Algorithms
2 909 (21.13%) Computer Science
3 450 (10.46%) Analytical Skills
4 339 (7.88%) Fintech
5 234 (5.44%) Greenfield Project
6 201 (4.67%) User Experience
7 190 (4.42%) Data Structures
8 165 (3.84%) Robotics
9 112 (2.60%) Self-Motivation
10 77 (1.79%) Hedge funds
11 68 (1.58%) Cyberthreat
12 65 (1.51%) Social Media
13 64 (1.49%) Enterprise Software
14 56 (1.30%) Mobile App
15 46 (1.07%) Life Science
16 45 (1.05%) Equities
17 40 (0.93%) Management Information System
17 40 (0.93%) Virtual Team
18 38 (0.88%) Smart City
19 34 (0.79%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 666 (15.48%) Linux
2 129 (3.00%) Windows
3 109 (2.53%) Unix
4 74 (1.72%) Android
5 69 (1.60%) Apple iOS
6 16 (0.37%) Ubuntu
7 12 (0.28%) Robot Operating System
8 11 (0.26%) CentOS
9 8 (0.19%) Embedded Linux
10 7 (0.16%) Mac OS
10 7 (0.16%) Windows Server
11 5 (0.12%) Debian
11 5 (0.12%) Mac OS X
12 4 (0.093%) CoreOS
12 4 (0.093%) Windows 10
13 3 (0.070%) Fedora
13 3 (0.070%) Solaris
14 2 (0.046%) AIX
14 2 (0.046%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 2 (0.046%) VyOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,707 (39.68%) Artificial Intelligence
2 1,567 (36.42%) Data Science
3 1,236 (28.73%) Analytics
4 1,095 (25.45%) Agile Software Development
5 869 (20.20%) Software Engineering
6 797 (18.53%) Mathematics
7 747 (17.36%) Deep Learning
8 514 (11.95%) Statistics
9 488 (11.34%) Visualisation
10 483 (11.23%) DevOps
11 452 (10.51%) Business Intelligence
12 440 (10.23%) Data Analytics
13 434 (10.09%) TDD
14 423 (9.83%) Problem-Solving
15 397 (9.23%) Neural Network
16 361 (8.39%) Microservices
17 335 (7.79%) Data Analysis
18 317 (7.37%) Data Visualisation
18 317 (7.37%) Physics
19 315 (7.32%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 2,328 (54.11%) Python
2 1,387 (32.24%) Java
3 1,149 (26.71%) SQL
4 924 (21.48%) C++
5 756 (17.57%) R
6 693 (16.11%) JavaScript
7 597 (13.88%) C#
8 461 (10.72%) C
9 459 (10.67%) Scala
10 227 (5.28%) MATLAB
11 142 (3.30%) Ruby
12 138 (3.21%) Go
13 100 (2.32%) Shell Script
14 92 (2.14%) PHP
15 91 (2.12%) Bash Shell
16 77 (1.79%) Java 8
17 70 (1.63%) ES6
18 53 (1.23%) Perl
18 53 (1.23%) TypeScript
19 52 (1.21%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 875 (20.34%) Degree
2 760 (17.67%) PhD
3 235 (5.46%) Computer Science Degree
4 135 (3.14%) MPhil
5 99 (2.30%) Master's Degree
6 98 (2.28%) Numerate Degree
7 72 (1.67%) Security Cleared
8 47 (1.09%) SC Cleared
9 32 (0.74%) CISSP
10 30 (0.70%) Microsoft Certification
11 25 (0.58%) DV Cleared
11 25 (0.58%) GCIH
12 24 (0.56%) CEH
13 23 (0.53%) OSCP
14 11 (0.26%) AWS Certification
14 11 (0.26%) TOGAF Certification
15 8 (0.19%) MBA
16 6 (0.14%) MCSA
16 6 (0.14%) MCSE
17 5 (0.12%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 154 (3.58%) QA
2 44 (1.02%) Data Quality
3 30 (0.70%) GDPR
4 25 (0.58%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 11 (0.26%) GPG13
6 8 (0.19%) PCI DSS
7 7 (0.16%) Actionable Recommendations
8 5 (0.12%) PMO
8 5 (0.12%) SLA
9 4 (0.093%) Solvency II
10 2 (0.046%) COBIT
10 2 (0.046%) COSO
11 1 (0.023%) DICOM
11 1 (0.023%) HL7
System Software
1 448 (10.41%) Docker
2 134 (3.11%) HDFS
3 62 (1.44%) Apache Flume
4 38 (0.88%) Virtual Machines
5 23 (0.53%) Snort
6 21 (0.49%) Active Directory
7 20 (0.46%) VMware Infrastructure
8 19 (0.44%) VirtualBox
9 8 (0.19%) Lustre
10 4 (0.093%) Hyper-V
11 2 (0.046%) GlusterFS
11 2 (0.046%) iptables
11 2 (0.046%) LXC
11 2 (0.046%) XenApp
11 2 (0.046%) XenDesktop
12 1 (0.023%) Ceph
12 1 (0.023%) Firmware
12 1 (0.023%) KVM
12 1 (0.023%) QEMU
12 1 (0.023%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 228 (5.30%) Kubernetes
2 121 (2.81%) Ansible
3 96 (2.23%) Puppet
4 86 (2.00%) Opscode Chef
5 74 (1.72%) Terraform
6 43 (1.00%) Hadoop YARN
7 37 (0.86%) Docker Swarm
8 36 (0.84%) Mesos
9 30 (0.70%) Prometheus
10 23 (0.53%) Suricata
11 19 (0.44%) Kibana
12 17 (0.40%) Oozie
13 15 (0.35%) Grafana
14 11 (0.26%) QRadar
15 9 (0.21%) Salt
16 8 (0.19%) logstash
16 8 (0.19%) Rancher
17 7 (0.16%) Packer
18 3 (0.070%) EMC NetWorker
18 3 (0.070%) Marathon
Vendors
1 319 (7.42%) Microsoft
2 296 (6.88%) Google
3 274 (6.37%) Tableau
4 147 (3.42%) Oracle
5 91 (2.12%) Cloudera
6 85 (1.98%) SAP
7 75 (1.74%) Hortonworks
8 42 (0.98%) Facebook
9 39 (0.91%) Databricks
9 39 (0.91%) MapR
10 36 (0.84%) Sybase
11 34 (0.79%) Splunk
12 31 (0.72%) IBM
13 30 (0.70%) Adobe
14 27 (0.63%) Cisco
15 26 (0.60%) Apple
16 25 (0.58%) VMware
17 23 (0.53%) TippingPoint
18 21 (0.49%) Twitter
19 20 (0.46%) HP