Period
to 29 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 29 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
UK > England
6 months to
29 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 94 96 119
Rank change year-on-year +2 +23 +116
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 2,707 4,374 4,521
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.27% 3.28% 2.80%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.55% 3.56% 3.03%
Number of salaries quoted 2,320 3,503 3,983
Median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.85% +4.00% -
10th Percentile £38,750 £37,500 £37,500
90th Percentile £115,000 £100,000 £97,500
UK median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year - +4.00% +4.17%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 76,329 122,799 149,034
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.33% 92.22% 92.28%
Number of salaries quoted 61,097 97,032 120,751
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £31,500 £30,000 £29,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Machine Learning in England.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Machine Learning in England over the 6 months to 29 May 2020.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the England region over the 6 months to 29 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 1,667 £77,500 +6.90% 113
South East +43 420 £60,000 +14.29% 32
North of England +36 197 £52,500 -4.55% 19
South West -9 180 £52,500 +5.00% 15
East of England -14 138 £52,824 -15.48% 28
North West +26 136 £52,500 -4.55% 15
Midlands +56 108 £55,000 +4.27% 19
West Midlands +76 78 £55,000 - 15
Yorkshire +57 41 £53,750 -10.42% 2
East Midlands +30 37 £55,000 +15.79% 4
North East +10 20 £48,250 -2.20% 2
Machine Learning
UK

For the 6 months to 29 May 2020, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 1,380 (50.98%) Python
2 1,252 (46.25%) Artificial Intelligence
3 978 (36.13%) Data Science
4 867 (32.03%) Agile Software Development
5 864 (31.92%) AWS
6 814 (30.07%) SQL
7 812 (30.00%) Analytics
8 694 (25.64%) Java
9 648 (23.94%) JavaScript
10 640 (23.64%) Software Engineering
11 623 (23.01%) Big Data
12 601 (22.20%) Azure
13 600 (22.16%) Finance
14 553 (20.43%) Degree
15 533 (19.69%) Docker
16 483 (17.84%) C#
17 422 (15.59%) DevOps
18 414 (15.29%) Microservices
19 411 (15.18%) Computer Science
20 389 (14.37%) R
21 383 (14.15%) React
22 372 (13.74%) .NET
23 371 (13.71%) Algorithms
24 367 (13.56%) Kubernetes
25 351 (12.97%) Apache Spark
26 314 (11.60%) Web Services
27 313 (11.56%) Deep Learning
28 307 (11.34%) Analytical Skills
29 304 (11.23%) Business Intelligence
30 302 (11.16%) GCP

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 351 (12.97%) Apache Spark
2 151 (5.58%) Elasticsearch
3 94 (3.47%) Apache
4 53 (1.96%) Jupyter
5 51 (1.88%) SAS
6 50 (1.85%) Apache Airflow
7 23 (0.85%) OpenStack
8 22 (0.81%) Confluence
9 21 (0.78%) Apache Solr
10 19 (0.70%) SharePoint
11 17 (0.63%) ArcGIS
12 14 (0.52%) Cloud Foundry
12 14 (0.52%) WebSphere
13 13 (0.48%) nginx
14 12 (0.44%) CMS
15 11 (0.41%) Luigi
15 11 (0.41%) Tornado
16 10 (0.37%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 9 (0.33%) Apache Pig
18 8 (0.30%) IBM Domino
Applications
1 40 (1.48%) Microsoft Excel
2 36 (1.33%) Chatbot
3 35 (1.29%) SPSS
4 14 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
5 6 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 5 (0.18%) Figma
6 5 (0.18%) S-PLUS
7 3 (0.11%) Gephi
8 2 (0.074%) EViews
8 2 (0.074%) InVision
8 2 (0.074%) Sketch
8 2 (0.074%) Stata
8 2 (0.074%) Weka
9 1 (0.037%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 1 (0.037%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.037%) MS Visio
9 1 (0.037%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 38 (1.40%) Eagle PACE
1 38 (1.40%) Markit EDM
1 38 (1.40%) PolarLake
2 9 (0.33%) Distributed Ledger
3 7 (0.26%) FastStats
4 6 (0.22%) SAP ERP
5 5 (0.18%) SAP CRM
5 5 (0.18%) SAP IS-U
6 4 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
6 4 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
6 4 (0.15%) Tesseract
7 3 (0.11%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 2 (0.074%) Elite 3E
8 2 (0.074%) Maximo
8 2 (0.074%) SAP BPC
9 1 (0.037%) Oracle EBS R12
9 1 (0.037%) Oracle Payables
9 1 (0.037%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 1 (0.037%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 864 (31.92%) AWS
2 601 (22.20%) Azure
3 302 (11.16%) GCP
4 193 (7.13%) SaaS
5 168 (6.21%) Power Platform
6 95 (3.51%) Serverless
7 84 (3.10%) Cloud Computing
8 57 (2.11%) Amazon ECS
9 56 (2.07%) Amazon S3
9 56 (2.07%) Slack
10 49 (1.81%) PaaS
11 48 (1.77%) Amazon SQS
12 46 (1.70%) AWS CloudFormation
13 44 (1.63%) Dropbox
14 41 (1.51%) AWS Lambda
15 40 (1.48%) Azure Machine Learning
15 40 (1.48%) OpenShift
16 29 (1.07%) Amazon Kinesis
17 28 (1.03%) Azure Data Factory
17 28 (1.03%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 68 (2.51%) Internet
2 21 (0.78%) Firewall
3 10 (0.37%) DMZ
3 10 (0.37%) HTTP
3 10 (0.37%) Network Security
4 8 (0.30%) Software-Defined Networking
4 8 (0.30%) TCP/IP
5 7 (0.26%) MQTT
6 5 (0.18%) Wireshark
7 4 (0.15%) DNS
8 3 (0.11%) Bluetooth
8 3 (0.11%) Reverse Proxy
8 3 (0.11%) Skype
8 3 (0.11%) SSL
8 3 (0.11%) Unified Communications
8 3 (0.11%) WAN
9 2 (0.074%) Ethernet
9 2 (0.074%) HTTPS
9 2 (0.074%) VPN
9 2 (0.074%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 623 (23.01%) Big Data
2 301 (11.12%) Hadoop
3 285 (10.53%) NoSQL
4 261 (9.64%) SQL Server
5 232 (8.57%) MongoDB
6 204 (7.54%) MySQL
7 168 (6.21%) Data Warehouse
7 168 (6.21%) PostgreSQL
7 168 (6.21%) Redis
8 161 (5.95%) Power BI
9 124 (4.58%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 122 (4.51%) Relational Database
11 101 (3.73%) Apache Cassandra
11 101 (3.73%) Data Lake
12 100 (3.69%) Amazon Redshift
13 97 (3.58%) Data Mining
14 90 (3.32%) Microsoft Analysis Services
15 77 (2.84%) Apache Hive
16 56 (2.07%) Neo4j
17 54 (1.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 214 (7.91%) Git (software)
2 144 (5.32%) Jenkins
3 87 (3.21%) JIRA
4 71 (2.62%) TeamCity
5 67 (2.48%) Octopus Deploy
6 58 (2.14%) MSBuild
6 58 (2.14%) Selenium
7 50 (1.85%) Maven
8 48 (1.77%) JUnit
9 39 (1.44%) Cucumber
10 36 (1.33%) Mocha
11 32 (1.18%) CircleCI
12 30 (1.11%) GitLab
13 25 (0.92%) Team Foundation Server
14 21 (0.78%) Visual Studio
15 20 (0.74%) Vagrant
16 19 (0.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 19 (0.70%) Visual Studio Team System
16 19 (0.70%) webpack
17 13 (0.48%) WebDriver
General
1 600 (22.16%) Finance
2 220 (8.13%) Front Office
3 151 (5.58%) Banking
4 141 (5.21%) Marketing
5 127 (4.69%) Retail
6 75 (2.77%) Law
7 74 (2.73%) Back Office
8 64 (2.36%) Legal
9 53 (1.96%) Games
10 43 (1.59%) Investment Banking
11 35 (1.29%) Public Sector
11 35 (1.29%) Telecoms
12 34 (1.26%) Advertising
13 30 (1.11%) Aerospace
14 27 (1.00%) Electronics
14 27 (1.00%) Pharmaceutical
15 20 (0.74%) Financial Institution
16 19 (0.70%) Manufacturing
17 17 (0.63%) Automotive
18 16 (0.59%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 788 (29.11%) Developer
2 355 (13.11%) Data Scientist
3 271 (10.01%) Software Engineer
4 245 (9.05%) Data Engineer
5 191 (7.06%) Architect
6 164 (6.06%) Java Developer
7 162 (5.98%) .NET Developer
8 157 (5.80%) Analyst
9 137 (5.06%) Senior Developer
10 113 (4.17%) Senior Data Scientist
11 103 (3.80%) Machine Learning Engineer
12 99 (3.66%) Full Stack Developer
13 94 (3.47%) Python Engineer
14 86 (3.18%) C# Developer
15 83 (3.07%) Software Developer
16 78 (2.88%) Solutions Architect
17 72 (2.66%) Python Developer
18 71 (2.62%) React Developer
19 70 (2.59%) Senior Software Engineer
20 68 (2.51%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 383 (14.15%) React
2 372 (13.74%) .NET
3 314 (11.60%) Web Services
4 294 (10.86%) Natural Language Processing
5 289 (10.68%) AngularJS
6 213 (7.87%) Node.js
7 205 (7.57%) HTML
8 196 (7.24%) Kafka
9 194 (7.17%) CSS
10 193 (7.13%) .NET Core
11 184 (6.80%) TensorFlow
12 145 (5.36%) scikit-learn
13 143 (5.28%) ASP.NET
14 138 (5.10%) Pandas
15 131 (4.84%) Spring
16 108 (3.99%) NumPy
17 95 (3.51%) Redux
18 91 (3.36%) .NET Framework
19 90 (3.32%) RESTful
20 86 (3.18%) PyTorch
Miscellaneous
1 371 (13.71%) Algorithms
2 307 (11.34%) Analytical Skills
3 179 (6.61%) User Experience
4 142 (5.25%) Greenfield Project
5 138 (5.10%) Hedge funds
6 104 (3.84%) Equities
7 99 (3.66%) Fixed Income
8 91 (3.36%) Derivative
9 62 (2.29%) Reference Data
10 56 (2.07%) Cloud Native
11 55 (2.03%) Data Structures
12 51 (1.88%) Blog
13 48 (1.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 45 (1.66%) Robotics
15 44 (1.63%) Mobile App
16 41 (1.51%) Management Information System
17 29 (1.07%) Internet of Things
18 27 (1.00%) Augmented Reality
19 26 (0.96%) Enterprise Software
20 25 (0.92%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 246 (9.09%) Linux
2 89 (3.29%) Windows
3 42 (1.55%) Unix
4 22 (0.81%) Android
5 13 (0.48%) Apple iOS
5 13 (0.48%) CentOS
6 9 (0.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 9 (0.33%) Windows 7
7 7 (0.26%) VMS
8 5 (0.18%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.11%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.074%) Mac OS X
10 2 (0.074%) Solaris
10 2 (0.074%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.037%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.037%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,252 (46.25%) Artificial Intelligence
2 978 (36.13%) Data Science
3 867 (32.03%) Agile Software Development
4 812 (30.00%) Analytics
5 640 (23.64%) Software Engineering
6 422 (15.59%) DevOps
7 414 (15.29%) Microservices
8 411 (15.18%) Computer Science
9 313 (11.56%) Deep Learning
10 304 (11.23%) Business Intelligence
11 282 (10.42%) Data Analytics
12 272 (10.05%) Scrum
13 267 (9.86%) Visualisation
14 265 (9.79%) Mathematics
15 249 (9.20%) Mentoring
16 230 (8.50%) Problem-Solving
17 228 (8.42%) Statistics
18 217 (8.02%) Data Analysis
19 201 (7.43%) Fintech
20 200 (7.39%) Asset Management
Programming Languages
1 1,380 (50.98%) Python
2 814 (30.07%) SQL
3 694 (25.64%) Java
4 648 (23.94%) JavaScript
5 483 (17.84%) C#
6 389 (14.37%) R
7 263 (9.72%) C++
8 236 (8.72%) Scala
9 138 (5.10%) Go
10 137 (5.06%) C
11 106 (3.92%) TypeScript
12 98 (3.62%) F#
13 77 (2.84%) Java 8
14 69 (2.55%) MATLAB
15 65 (2.40%) Bash Shell
16 47 (1.74%) PHP
17 46 (1.70%) Kotlin
18 43 (1.59%) Ruby
19 42 (1.55%) Perl
20 41 (1.51%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 553 (20.43%) Degree
2 199 (7.35%) PhD
3 154 (5.69%) Security Cleared
4 138 (5.10%) Computer Science Degree
5 103 (3.80%) DV Cleared
6 78 (2.88%) SC Cleared
7 47 (1.74%) Master's Degree
8 36 (1.33%) Numerate Degree
9 15 (0.55%) TOGAF Certification
10 8 (0.30%) ISTQB
10 8 (0.30%) Postgraduate
11 7 (0.26%) AWS Certification
12 6 (0.22%) ITIL Certification
12 6 (0.22%) MBA
13 5 (0.18%) ISEB
14 4 (0.15%) CISSP
15 3 (0.11%) Microsoft Certification
16 2 (0.074%) CCNA
16 2 (0.074%) Cisco Certification
16 2 (0.074%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 106 (3.92%) QA
2 73 (2.70%) Data Quality
3 22 (0.81%) GDPR
4 20 (0.74%) NIST
5 18 (0.66%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 15 (0.55%) Actionable Recommendations
7 10 (0.37%) NCSC
7 10 (0.37%) NIST 800
8 9 (0.33%) SLA
9 2 (0.074%) IEC 62304
9 2 (0.074%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.037%) COBIT
10 1 (0.037%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.037%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.037%) SEPA
System Software
1 533 (19.69%) Docker
2 28 (1.03%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 24 (0.89%) Active Directory
4 18 (0.66%) VMware Infrastructure
5 16 (0.59%) HDFS
6 14 (0.52%) VirtualBox
7 12 (0.44%) Apache Flume
8 9 (0.33%) Microsoft App-V
9 7 (0.26%) Hyper-V
10 5 (0.18%) vSphere
11 4 (0.15%) Firmware
12 3 (0.11%) IAG
13 2 (0.074%) vCloud
13 2 (0.074%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 367 (13.56%) Kubernetes
2 196 (7.24%) Terraform
3 133 (4.91%) Ansible
4 70 (2.59%) Puppet
5 46 (1.70%) Opscode Chef
6 30 (1.11%) Docker Swarm
7 24 (0.89%) Istio
8 20 (0.74%) Kubeflow
8 20 (0.74%) Salt
9 19 (0.70%) Prometheus
10 18 (0.66%) Kibana
11 12 (0.44%) Grafana
11 12 (0.44%) Mesos
11 12 (0.44%) Oozie
11 12 (0.44%) SCCM
12 11 (0.41%) Packer
13 9 (0.33%) Netcool
14 8 (0.30%) Opsview
15 7 (0.26%) Hadoop YARN
16 6 (0.22%) linkerd
Vendors
1 209 (7.72%) Microsoft
2 169 (6.24%) Google
3 124 (4.58%) Tableau
4 92 (3.40%) Oracle
5 62 (2.29%) Bloomberg
6 54 (1.99%) Databricks
7 49 (1.81%) Splunk
8 44 (1.63%) CrowdStrike
9 39 (1.44%) Reuters
10 26 (0.96%) IBM
11 25 (0.92%) SAP
12 23 (0.85%) Refinitiv
13 20 (0.74%) Xamarin
14 19 (0.70%) Facebook
15 18 (0.66%) Informatica
15 18 (0.66%) Salesforce.com
15 18 (0.66%) VMware
16 17 (0.63%) Cloudera
16 17 (0.63%) Teradata
17 16 (0.59%) Alteryx