Period
to 14 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 14 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
UK > England
6 months to
14 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 117 179 308
Rank change year-on-year +62 +129 +226
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 4,243 3,330 1,868
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.79% 1.96% 1.04%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.06% 2.15% 1.15%
Number of salaries quoted 3,519 2,781 1,699
England median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% - -3.23%
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,750 £33,750
90th Percentile £101,250 £95,000 £93,750
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% - -2.04%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 138,813 155,093 162,880
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.16% 91.49% 90.93%
Number of salaries quoted 111,478 123,539 136,768
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,500 £28,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
% change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the England region over the 6 months to 14 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +50 2,560 £72,500 +11.54% 467
South East +131 622 £55,000 - 95
East of England +19 410 £60,000 +20.00% 85
South West +72 311 £52,500 - 45
North of England -24 202 £47,500 -9.52% 54
North West -57 144 £48,750 -7.14% 25
Midlands +20 131 £47,500 +18.75% 34
West Midlands +22 72 £42,500 +6.25% 19
East Midlands +17 59 £50,000 +17.65% 15
Yorkshire +33 49 £45,000 -25.00% 11
North East +1 9 £45,000 +28.57% 18
Machine Learning
UK

For the 6 months to 14 November 2018, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 2,360 (55.62%) Python
2 1,815 (42.78%) Artificial Intelligence
3 1,483 (34.95%) Data Science
4 1,293 (30.47%) Java
5 1,177 (27.74%) Analytics
6 1,162 (27.39%) Big Data
7 1,098 (25.88%) Agile Software Development
8 1,091 (25.71%) SQL
9 969 (22.84%) Algorithms
10 935 (22.04%) C++
11 915 (21.56%) Software Engineering
12 870 (20.50%) Finance
13 835 (19.68%) Degree
14 811 (19.11%) Mathematics
15 806 (19.00%) Amazon AWS
16 792 (18.67%) Computer Science
17 764 (18.01%) Deep Learning
18 754 (17.77%) R
19 695 (16.38%) Apache Spark
20 685 (16.14%) Hadoop
20 685 (16.14%) JavaScript
21 682 (16.07%) PhD
22 666 (15.70%) Linux
23 618 (14.57%) C#
24 598 (14.09%) Microsoft Azure
25 595 (14.02%) Natural Language Processing
26 565 (13.32%) Statistics
27 515 (12.14%) Visualisation
28 499 (11.76%) DevOps
29 494 (11.64%) NoSQL

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 695 (16.38%) Apache Spark
2 174 (4.10%) Apache
3 146 (3.44%) Elasticsearch
4 141 (3.32%) SAS
5 66 (1.56%) Apache Pig
6 35 (0.82%) Tomcat
7 30 (0.71%) Apache Solr
8 26 (0.61%) CMS
8 26 (0.61%) Confluence
9 21 (0.49%) Hyperledger
9 21 (0.49%) Jupyter
9 21 (0.49%) SharePoint
10 16 (0.38%) OpenStack
10 16 (0.38%) WordPress
11 14 (0.33%) GlassFish
12 12 (0.28%) MS Exchange
13 11 (0.26%) IIS
14 10 (0.24%) Ethereum
15 9 (0.21%) Apache Airflow
16 7 (0.16%) IPython
Applications
1 65 (1.53%) Chatbot
2 41 (0.97%) GNU Octave
2 41 (0.97%) Microsoft Excel
3 36 (0.85%) SPSS
4 28 (0.66%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 26 (0.61%) Adobe Illustrator
5 26 (0.61%) Photoshop
6 23 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
7 13 (0.31%) MS Visio
8 12 (0.28%) Snapchat
9 9 (0.21%) Stata
10 8 (0.19%) RoboHelp
11 7 (0.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 5 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
13 2 (0.047%) Simulink
14 1 (0.024%) CPLEX
14 1 (0.024%) Maya
14 1 (0.024%) MotionBuilder
14 1 (0.024%) Spreadsheet
14 1 (0.024%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 14 (0.33%) Distributed Ledger
2 7 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
3 5 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
4 2 (0.047%) JDE OneWorld
4 2 (0.047%) Magento
4 2 (0.047%) SAP MDG
4 2 (0.047%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.024%) Ripple
5 1 (0.024%) SAP IBP
5 1 (0.024%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 806 (19.00%) Amazon AWS
2 598 (14.09%) Microsoft Azure
3 271 (6.39%) Google Cloud Platform
4 133 (3.13%) Cloud Computing
5 108 (2.55%) SaaS
6 94 (2.22%) GitHub
7 83 (1.96%) PaaS
8 77 (1.81%) Serverless
9 60 (1.41%) Azure Machine Learning
10 56 (1.32%) Azure Data Factory
11 48 (1.13%) Amazon S3
12 44 (1.04%) Amazon EC2
13 37 (0.87%) AWS Lambda
14 32 (0.75%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
15 31 (0.73%) Google Analytics
16 30 (0.71%) Data Lake Analytics
17 26 (0.61%) Amazon SageMaker
18 25 (0.59%) Amazon EMR
19 22 (0.52%) Amazon Kinesis
19 22 (0.52%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 60 (1.41%) Internet
2 58 (1.37%) HTTP
3 24 (0.57%) WebEx
4 16 (0.38%) Firewall
5 15 (0.35%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
6 13 (0.31%) Software-Defined Networking
7 10 (0.24%) Bluetooth
7 10 (0.24%) NFC
7 10 (0.24%) SAN
7 10 (0.24%) Sourcefire
8 9 (0.21%) DNS
8 9 (0.21%) VPN
9 8 (0.19%) Network Security
9 8 (0.19%) Skype
10 7 (0.16%) Wi-Fi
11 6 (0.14%) SMS
12 5 (0.12%) Cisco IOS
12 5 (0.12%) Intranet
12 5 (0.12%) Intrusion Detection
12 5 (0.12%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,162 (27.39%) Big Data
2 685 (16.14%) Hadoop
3 494 (11.64%) NoSQL
4 263 (6.20%) Apache Hive
5 261 (6.15%) Data Warehouse
6 251 (5.92%) MongoDB
7 227 (5.35%) Apache Cassandra
8 203 (4.78%) Relational Database
9 202 (4.76%) PostgreSQL
10 192 (4.53%) Data Mining
11 190 (4.48%) SQL Server
12 180 (4.24%) Power BI
13 159 (3.75%) Blockchain
14 140 (3.30%) MySQL
15 137 (3.23%) Data Lake
16 124 (2.92%) HBase
17 100 (2.36%) QlikView
18 87 (2.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 86 (2.03%) Amazon Redshift
20 84 (1.98%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 438 (10.32%) Git (software)
2 193 (4.55%) Jenkins
3 78 (1.84%) Visual Studio
4 77 (1.81%) JIRA
5 74 (1.74%) Selenium
6 71 (1.67%) Subversion
7 67 (1.58%) Maven
8 55 (1.30%) JUnit
9 47 (1.11%) Gradle
10 37 (0.87%) Cucumber
10 37 (0.87%) SoapUI
11 35 (0.82%) TeamCity
12 30 (0.71%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 27 (0.64%) Bitbucket
14 22 (0.52%) JMeter
15 20 (0.47%) CircleCI
15 20 (0.47%) Visual Studio Team System
16 19 (0.45%) Balsamiq Mockups
16 19 (0.45%) webpack
17 18 (0.42%) Vagrant
General
1 870 (20.50%) Finance
2 316 (7.45%) Banking
3 256 (6.03%) Marketing
4 248 (5.84%) Retail
5 156 (3.68%) Games
6 144 (3.39%) Law
7 98 (2.31%) Telecoms
8 97 (2.29%) Publishing
9 95 (2.24%) Electronics
10 85 (2.00%) Advertising
11 84 (1.98%) Manufacturing
12 81 (1.91%) Investment Banking
13 61 (1.44%) Financial Institution
14 55 (1.30%) Military
15 36 (0.85%) Front Office
16 35 (0.82%) Retail Banking
17 27 (0.64%) Pharmaceutical
18 25 (0.59%) Automotive
19 15 (0.35%) Aerospace
20 13 (0.31%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1,152 (27.15%) Developer
2 741 (17.46%) Data Scientist
3 359 (8.46%) Software Engineer
4 268 (6.32%) Data Engineer
5 245 (5.77%) Python Developer
6 243 (5.73%) Senior Data Scientist
7 234 (5.51%) Machine Learning Engineer
8 227 (5.35%) Java Developer
9 226 (5.33%) Senior Developer
10 208 (4.90%) Architect
11 188 (4.43%) Consultant
12 173 (4.08%) Python Engineer
13 157 (3.70%) Analyst
14 150 (3.54%) Software Developer
15 141 (3.32%) Machine Learning Scientist
16 139 (3.28%) Graduate
17 131 (3.09%) Machine Learning Researcher
18 118 (2.78%) Machine Learning Developer
19 104 (2.45%) Big Data Engineer
19 104 (2.45%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 595 (14.02%) Natural Language Processing
2 451 (10.63%) TensorFlow
3 301 (7.09%) AngularJS
4 300 (7.07%) HTML
5 289 (6.81%) Node.js
6 288 (6.79%) CSS
7 287 (6.76%) React
8 257 (6.06%) .NET
9 247 (5.82%) Kafka
10 212 (5.00%) RESTful
11 183 (4.31%) Web Services
12 167 (3.94%) REST
13 138 (3.25%) scikit-learn
13 138 (3.25%) Spring
14 135 (3.18%) NumPy
15 132 (3.11%) Pandas
16 129 (3.04%) Keras
17 116 (2.73%) HTML5
18 109 (2.57%) Django
19 101 (2.38%) SciPy
Miscellaneous
1 969 (22.84%) Algorithms
2 792 (18.67%) Computer Science
3 444 (10.46%) Analytical Skills
4 343 (8.08%) Fintech
5 203 (4.78%) Greenfield Project
6 197 (4.64%) Robotics
6 197 (4.64%) User Experience
7 169 (3.98%) Data Structures
8 98 (2.31%) Self-Motivation
9 82 (1.93%) Mobile App
10 80 (1.89%) Social Media
11 78 (1.84%) Hedge funds
12 59 (1.39%) Enterprise Software
13 56 (1.32%) Virtual Team
14 52 (1.23%) Life Science
15 49 (1.15%) Equities
16 47 (1.11%) Management Information System
17 40 (0.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 37 (0.87%) NHS
18 37 (0.87%) Smart City
Operating Systems
1 666 (15.70%) Linux
2 139 (3.28%) Windows
3 115 (2.71%) Unix
4 96 (2.26%) Android
5 70 (1.65%) Apple iOS
6 20 (0.47%) Ubuntu
7 19 (0.45%) Embedded Linux
8 14 (0.33%) Robot Operating System
9 12 (0.28%) Windows Server
10 9 (0.21%) CentOS
10 9 (0.21%) Mac OS
11 6 (0.14%) Debian
12 4 (0.094%) Fedora
12 4 (0.094%) Mac OS X
13 3 (0.071%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 3 (0.071%) Windows 10
14 2 (0.047%) AIX
14 2 (0.047%) CoreOS
14 2 (0.047%) DC/OS
15 1 (0.024%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,815 (42.78%) Artificial Intelligence
2 1,483 (34.95%) Data Science
3 1,177 (27.74%) Analytics
4 1,098 (25.88%) Agile Software Development
5 915 (21.56%) Software Engineering
6 811 (19.11%) Mathematics
7 764 (18.01%) Deep Learning
8 565 (13.32%) Statistics
9 515 (12.14%) Visualisation
10 499 (11.76%) DevOps
11 428 (10.09%) Business Intelligence
12 425 (10.02%) Neural Network
13 392 (9.24%) Data Analytics
14 379 (8.93%) Problem-Solving
15 366 (8.63%) TDD
16 338 (7.97%) Data Analysis
17 327 (7.71%) Microservices
18 326 (7.68%) Data Visualisation
19 320 (7.54%) Computer Vision
20 319 (7.52%) Physics
Programming Languages
1 2,360 (55.62%) Python
2 1,293 (30.47%) Java
3 1,091 (25.71%) SQL
4 935 (22.04%) C++
5 754 (17.77%) R
6 685 (16.14%) JavaScript
7 618 (14.57%) C#
8 477 (11.24%) C
9 424 (9.99%) Scala
10 190 (4.48%) MATLAB
11 157 (3.70%) Go
12 130 (3.06%) Ruby
13 98 (2.31%) Bash Shell
14 94 (2.22%) Java 8
15 83 (1.96%) PHP
16 73 (1.72%) ES6
17 69 (1.63%) Shell Script
18 54 (1.27%) TypeScript
19 40 (0.94%) Perl
19 40 (0.94%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 835 (19.68%) Degree
2 682 (16.07%) PhD
3 210 (4.95%) Computer Science Degree
4 142 (3.35%) MPhil
5 107 (2.52%) Master's Degree
6 97 (2.29%) Numerate Degree
7 67 (1.58%) Security Cleared
8 47 (1.11%) SC Cleared
9 40 (0.94%) Microsoft Certification
10 28 (0.66%) DV Cleared
11 19 (0.45%) CISSP
12 13 (0.31%) GCIH
13 11 (0.26%) CEH
14 10 (0.24%) OSCP
14 10 (0.24%) Postgraduate
14 10 (0.24%) TOGAF Certification
15 9 (0.21%) AWS Certification
16 8 (0.19%) MBA
16 8 (0.19%) MCSA
16 8 (0.19%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 153 (3.61%) QA
2 66 (1.56%) Data Quality
3 24 (0.57%) GDPR
4 16 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 10 (0.24%) Actionable Recommendations
5 10 (0.24%) PMO
6 7 (0.16%) PCI DSS
7 6 (0.14%) COBIT
8 4 (0.094%) SLA
8 4 (0.094%) Solvency II
9 3 (0.071%) GPG13
10 2 (0.047%) COSO
System Software
1 453 (10.68%) Docker
2 101 (2.38%) HDFS
3 45 (1.06%) Apache Flume
4 31 (0.73%) Active Directory
4 31 (0.73%) VMware Infrastructure
5 27 (0.64%) VirtualBox
6 22 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
7 13 (0.31%) Lustre
8 11 (0.26%) Snort
9 9 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
10 8 (0.19%) Xen
11 6 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
12 5 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 3 (0.071%) GlusterFS
14 2 (0.047%) XenApp
14 2 (0.047%) XenDesktop
15 1 (0.024%) Ceph
15 1 (0.024%) Hyper-V
15 1 (0.024%) KVM
15 1 (0.024%) QEMU
Systems Management
1 252 (5.94%) Kubernetes
2 140 (3.30%) Ansible
3 102 (2.40%) Terraform
4 100 (2.36%) Puppet
5 80 (1.89%) Opscode Chef
6 37 (0.87%) Docker Swarm
7 34 (0.80%) Mesos
8 30 (0.71%) Hadoop YARN
9 29 (0.68%) Oozie
10 22 (0.52%) Prometheus
11 17 (0.40%) Kibana
12 14 (0.33%) Nagios
13 13 (0.31%) Salt
14 12 (0.28%) logstash
15 11 (0.26%) Grafana
15 11 (0.26%) Packer
16 10 (0.24%) Suricata
17 8 (0.19%) vCenter Server
18 7 (0.16%) Graphite
18 7 (0.16%) Rancher
Vendors
1 315 (7.42%) Google
2 275 (6.48%) Microsoft
3 268 (6.32%) Tableau
4 131 (3.09%) Oracle
5 97 (2.29%) Cloudera
6 88 (2.07%) SAP
7 72 (1.70%) Hortonworks
8 43 (1.01%) MapR
9 40 (0.94%) Databricks
10 39 (0.92%) Facebook
11 38 (0.90%) Splunk
12 37 (0.87%) Adobe
13 36 (0.85%) IBM
14 35 (0.82%) VMware
15 31 (0.73%) Apple
16 25 (0.59%) Cisco
17 23 (0.54%) Blue Prism
18 22 (0.52%) Cognos
19 21 (0.49%) Sybase
20 17 (0.40%) Salesforce.com