Period
to 24 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 24 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 94 114 219
Rank change year-on-year +20 +105 +119
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 4,383 4,566 2,607
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 3.29% 2.81% 1.60%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.58% 3.06% 1.74%
Number of salaries quoted 3,320 3,812 2,193
England median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £35,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £97,500 £97,500
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £62,500
% change year-on-year +4.00% - +4.17%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 122,552 149,417 149,555
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.98% 91.92% 91.73%
Number of salaries quoted 96,959 120,869 122,739
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,500 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the England region over the 6 months to 24 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +22 2,670 £72,500 +3.57% 204
South East -26 543 £52,500 -4.55% 46
South West +53 371 £50,000 -4.76% 36
North of England +47 335 £55,000 +10.00% 30
East of England -4 317 £60,000 +4.35% 61
North West +19 226 £52,500 +5.00% 20
Midlands +34 142 £54,000 +20.00% 12
Yorkshire +59 89 £60,000 +20.00% 10
West Midlands +9 77 £55,000 +22.22% 8
East Midlands +44 65 £50,000 - 4
North East +25 20 £47,169 -30.12%
Machine Learning
UK

For the 6 months to 24 June 2019, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 2,272 (51.84%) Python
2 2,063 (47.07%) Artificial Intelligence
3 1,707 (38.95%) Data Science
4 1,433 (32.69%) Agile Software Development
5 1,329 (30.32%) Analytics
6 1,283 (29.27%) Java
7 1,201 (27.40%) SQL
8 1,119 (25.53%) Big Data
9 1,075 (24.53%) Amazon AWS
10 1,016 (23.18%) Software Engineering
11 911 (20.78%) Degree
12 854 (19.48%) Algorithms
13 825 (18.82%) Finance
14 782 (17.84%) Microsoft Azure
15 715 (16.31%) DevOps
16 713 (16.27%) R
17 702 (16.02%) Mathematics
18 699 (15.95%) Computer Science
19 676 (15.42%) Apache Spark
20 656 (14.97%) Analytical Skills
21 639 (14.58%) Hadoop
22 594 (13.55%) JavaScript
23 589 (13.44%) C#
24 582 (13.28%) C++
25 559 (12.75%) Visualisation
26 555 (12.66%) Docker
27 493 (11.25%) PhD
28 477 (10.88%) Deep Learning
29 475 (10.84%) Linux
30 473 (10.79%) Business Intelligence

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 676 (15.42%) Apache Spark
2 227 (5.18%) Elasticsearch
3 152 (3.47%) Apache
4 145 (3.31%) Apache Pig
5 115 (2.62%) SAS
6 46 (1.05%) Jupyter
7 42 (0.96%) SharePoint
8 35 (0.80%) Confluence
9 31 (0.71%) Apache Solr
10 30 (0.68%) WebSphere
11 29 (0.66%) CMS
12 27 (0.62%) Hyperledger
13 23 (0.52%) Tomcat
14 20 (0.46%) Tornado
15 17 (0.39%) Ethereum
16 15 (0.34%) Apache Airflow
17 14 (0.32%) nginx
18 11 (0.25%) JBoss
18 11 (0.25%) Skype for Business
19 10 (0.23%) IIS
Applications
1 79 (1.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 57 (1.30%) Chatbot
3 44 (1.00%) SPSS
4 28 (0.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 13 (0.30%) Stata
6 12 (0.27%) GNU Octave
7 10 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
8 8 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
8 8 (0.18%) MS Visio
9 7 (0.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 7 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
10 5 (0.11%) Weka
11 4 (0.091%) Gephi
12 3 (0.068%) Sketch
12 3 (0.068%) S-PLUS
13 2 (0.046%) Adobe Illustrator
13 2 (0.046%) CPLEX
13 2 (0.046%) LaTeX
13 2 (0.046%) Mathematica
13 2 (0.046%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 30 (0.68%) Summit
2 13 (0.30%) Distributed Ledger
3 7 (0.16%) MultiChain
3 7 (0.16%) Quorum
4 6 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
5 5 (0.11%) SAP FI-GL
6 4 (0.091%) Remedy ITSM
7 3 (0.068%) Cognos Business Intelligence
8 2 (0.046%) Dynamics CRM
8 2 (0.046%) PolarLake
8 2 (0.046%) SAP MDG
8 2 (0.046%) SAP MDM
8 2 (0.046%) SAP S/4HANA
9 1 (0.023%) Cognos TM1
9 1 (0.023%) Dynamics NAV
9 1 (0.023%) FastStats
9 1 (0.023%) HFM
9 1 (0.023%) WebTrends
9 1 (0.023%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 1,075 (24.53%) Amazon AWS
2 782 (17.84%) Microsoft Azure
3 473 (10.79%) Google Cloud Platform
4 184 (4.20%) Serverless
5 175 (3.99%) Power Platform
6 157 (3.58%) Cloud Computing
7 149 (3.40%) SaaS
8 113 (2.58%) AWS Lambda
9 112 (2.56%) Amazon S3
10 96 (2.19%) Azure Machine Learning
11 83 (1.89%) GitHub
12 81 (1.85%) Amazon SQS
13 74 (1.69%) Amazon EC2
14 64 (1.46%) Amazon ECS
15 57 (1.30%) PaaS
16 48 (1.10%) Amazon EMR
17 45 (1.03%) Azure Data Factory
18 39 (0.89%) AWS CloudFormation
19 38 (0.87%) Amazon Kinesis
20 36 (0.82%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 76 (1.73%) Broadband
2 38 (0.87%) Internet
3 37 (0.84%) HTTP
4 26 (0.59%) Firewall
5 23 (0.52%) Skype
6 18 (0.41%) VPN
7 16 (0.37%) Wireless
8 13 (0.30%) WAN
9 12 (0.27%) Cisco ASA
10 11 (0.25%) DNS
10 11 (0.25%) Remote Desktop
10 11 (0.25%) TCP/IP
11 10 (0.23%) Network Security
12 8 (0.18%) LAN
12 8 (0.18%) MPLS
13 7 (0.16%) Intranet
13 7 (0.16%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
14 6 (0.14%) SSL
14 6 (0.14%) VoIP
14 6 (0.14%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,119 (25.53%) Big Data
2 639 (14.58%) Hadoop
3 396 (9.03%) NoSQL
4 270 (6.16%) Data Warehouse
5 257 (5.86%) Apache Hive
6 245 (5.59%) SQL Server
7 227 (5.18%) MongoDB
8 209 (4.77%) Data Mining
9 174 (3.97%) Power BI
9 174 (3.97%) Relational Database
10 169 (3.86%) PostgreSQL
11 166 (3.79%) MySQL
12 151 (3.45%) HBase
13 149 (3.40%) Apache Cassandra
13 149 (3.40%) Data Lake
14 144 (3.29%) Blockchain
15 102 (2.33%) Sqoop
16 101 (2.30%) Amazon Redshift
17 91 (2.08%) QlikView
18 86 (1.96%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 387 (8.83%) Git (software)
2 283 (6.46%) Jenkins
3 158 (3.60%) Maven
4 114 (2.60%) JIRA
5 90 (2.05%) Selenium
6 61 (1.39%) Subversion
7 56 (1.28%) Gradle
8 55 (1.25%) JUnit
9 45 (1.03%) Eclipse
10 44 (1.00%) Ant
11 41 (0.94%) webpack
12 40 (0.91%) GitLab
13 31 (0.71%) git-flow
14 29 (0.66%) Bitbucket
15 28 (0.64%) Grunt
15 28 (0.64%) TeamCity
16 26 (0.59%) Visual Studio
17 24 (0.55%) CircleCI
18 23 (0.52%) Cucumber
19 22 (0.50%) Jasmine
General
1 825 (18.82%) Finance
2 306 (6.98%) Marketing
3 287 (6.55%) Banking
4 281 (6.41%) Retail
5 265 (6.05%) Law
6 103 (2.35%) Games
7 80 (1.83%) Pharmaceutical
8 72 (1.64%) Legal
9 66 (1.51%) Front Office
9 66 (1.51%) Telecoms
10 53 (1.21%) Advertising
11 52 (1.19%) Electronics
12 51 (1.16%) Manufacturing
12 51 (1.16%) Military
13 32 (0.73%) Automotive
14 31 (0.71%) Financial Institution
15 29 (0.66%) Investment Banking
15 29 (0.66%) Publishing
16 20 (0.46%) Billing
17 18 (0.41%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,122 (25.60%) Developer
2 812 (18.53%) Data Scientist
3 401 (9.15%) Software Engineer
4 393 (8.97%) Data Engineer
5 324 (7.39%) Architect
6 251 (5.73%) Analyst
7 239 (5.45%) Java Developer
8 231 (5.27%) Senior Developer
9 228 (5.20%) Senior Data Scientist
10 225 (5.13%) Python Engineer
11 214 (4.88%) Python Developer
12 208 (4.75%) Machine Learning Engineer
13 167 (3.81%) Consultant
14 155 (3.54%) DevOps Engineer
15 152 (3.47%) Big Data Engineer
16 134 (3.06%) Machine Learning Developer
17 130 (2.97%) Data Architect
18 125 (2.85%) Software Developer
19 123 (2.81%) .NET Developer
20 121 (2.76%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 458 (10.45%) Natural Language Processing
2 400 (9.13%) React
3 373 (8.51%) Kafka
4 335 (7.64%) TensorFlow
5 329 (7.51%) AngularJS
6 323 (7.37%) Node.js
7 320 (7.30%) .NET
8 311 (7.10%) HTML
9 264 (6.02%) CSS
10 255 (5.82%) scikit-learn
11 249 (5.68%) Web Services
12 240 (5.48%) RESTful
13 208 (4.75%) Spring
14 202 (4.61%) Pandas
15 168 (3.83%) NumPy
16 163 (3.72%) Keras
17 146 (3.33%) JSON
18 139 (3.17%) REST
19 98 (2.24%) .NET Framework
20 94 (2.14%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 854 (19.48%) Algorithms
2 656 (14.97%) Analytical Skills
3 247 (5.64%) User Experience
4 226 (5.16%) Data Structures
5 184 (4.20%) Greenfield Project
6 181 (4.13%) Robotics
7 87 (1.98%) Self-Motivation
8 70 (1.60%) Management Information System
9 60 (1.37%) Mobile App
10 52 (1.19%) Enterprise Software
10 52 (1.19%) Social Media
11 51 (1.16%) Virtual Team
12 44 (1.00%) Cloud Native
13 40 (0.91%) Public Cloud
14 38 (0.87%) Social Network
15 31 (0.71%) Blog
15 31 (0.71%) Life Science
16 30 (0.68%) Augmented Reality
17 28 (0.64%) Analytical Mindset
18 25 (0.57%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 475 (10.84%) Linux
2 142 (3.24%) Unix
3 102 (2.33%) Windows
4 80 (1.83%) Android
5 62 (1.41%) Apple iOS
6 31 (0.71%) CentOS
6 31 (0.71%) Ubuntu
7 7 (0.16%) Windows Server
8 4 (0.091%) CoreOS
8 4 (0.091%) Mac OS X
8 4 (0.091%) VxWorks
9 2 (0.046%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.023%) Debian
10 1 (0.023%) Embedded Linux
10 1 (0.023%) Robot Operating System
10 1 (0.023%) VMS
10 1 (0.023%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,063 (47.07%) Artificial Intelligence
2 1,707 (38.95%) Data Science
3 1,433 (32.69%) Agile Software Development
4 1,329 (30.32%) Analytics
5 1,016 (23.18%) Software Engineering
6 715 (16.31%) DevOps
7 702 (16.02%) Mathematics
8 699 (15.95%) Computer Science
9 559 (12.75%) Visualisation
10 477 (10.88%) Deep Learning
11 473 (10.79%) Business Intelligence
12 443 (10.11%) Problem-Solving
13 380 (8.67%) Statistics
14 376 (8.58%) Microservices
15 369 (8.42%) Data Analysis
16 357 (8.15%) Data Analytics
17 321 (7.32%) Data Modelling
18 320 (7.30%) Mentoring
19 303 (6.91%) Fintech
20 302 (6.89%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 2,272 (51.84%) Python
2 1,283 (29.27%) Java
3 1,201 (27.40%) SQL
4 713 (16.27%) R
5 594 (13.55%) JavaScript
6 589 (13.44%) C#
7 582 (13.28%) C++
8 444 (10.13%) Scala
9 303 (6.91%) C
10 240 (5.48%) MATLAB
11 194 (4.43%) PHP
12 157 (3.58%) TypeScript
13 131 (2.99%) Java 8
14 126 (2.87%) Bash Shell
15 124 (2.83%) ES6
16 118 (2.69%) Go
17 70 (1.60%) Ruby
18 62 (1.41%) VBA
19 50 (1.14%) Perl
20 49 (1.12%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 911 (20.78%) Degree
2 493 (11.25%) PhD
3 180 (4.11%) Computer Science Degree
4 124 (2.83%) Security Cleared
5 75 (1.71%) SC Cleared
6 73 (1.67%) Numerate Degree
7 71 (1.62%) DV Cleared
8 65 (1.48%) Master's Degree
9 57 (1.30%) Microsoft Certification
10 40 (0.91%) BPSS Clearance
11 22 (0.50%) AWS Certification
12 19 (0.43%) Postgraduate
13 17 (0.39%) DBS Check
14 16 (0.37%) MCSA
15 11 (0.25%) CCENT
16 8 (0.18%) MBA
17 7 (0.16%) MCP
18 6 (0.14%) A+ Certification
19 4 (0.091%) CCNP
19 4 (0.091%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 161 (3.67%) QA
2 104 (2.37%) Data Quality
3 37 (0.84%) GDPR
4 14 (0.32%) SLA
5 12 (0.27%) Actionable Recommendations
6 9 (0.21%) PCI DSS
7 6 (0.14%) IFRS
7 6 (0.14%) Solvency II
8 5 (0.11%) PMO
9 4 (0.091%) MiFID
9 4 (0.091%) NIST
10 2 (0.046%) EMIR
10 2 (0.046%) ISO 9001
11 1 (0.023%) Basel III
11 1 (0.023%) Cyber Essentials
11 1 (0.023%) Dodd-Frank
11 1 (0.023%) IEC 62304
11 1 (0.023%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 555 (12.66%) Docker
2 86 (1.96%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 54 (1.23%) Apache Flume
4 51 (1.16%) HDFS
5 20 (0.46%) Active Directory
6 15 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
7 13 (0.30%) XenApp
8 11 (0.25%) XenDesktop
9 7 (0.16%) etcd
10 6 (0.14%) Firmware
10 6 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
11 5 (0.11%) VirtualBox
12 2 (0.046%) vCloud
12 2 (0.046%) VMware ESXi
13 1 (0.023%) Cronacle
13 1 (0.023%) Xen
Systems Management
1 347 (7.92%) Kubernetes
2 184 (4.20%) Terraform
3 128 (2.92%) Oozie
4 114 (2.60%) Ansible
5 93 (2.12%) Opscode Chef
6 79 (1.80%) Puppet
7 25 (0.57%) Docker Swarm
7 25 (0.57%) Nagios
8 23 (0.52%) Ambari
9 21 (0.48%) Consul
10 16 (0.37%) Prometheus
11 12 (0.27%) FortiGate
11 12 (0.27%) Hadoop YARN
11 12 (0.27%) Kibana
11 12 (0.27%) Microsoft Intune
12 11 (0.25%) HP Data Protector
12 11 (0.25%) NetBackup
13 10 (0.23%) Istio
13 10 (0.23%) Mesos
13 10 (0.23%) Salt
Vendors
1 309 (7.05%) Microsoft
2 295 (6.73%) Google
3 233 (5.32%) Tableau
4 162 (3.70%) Cloudera
5 156 (3.56%) Oracle
6 86 (1.96%) Splunk
7 70 (1.60%) Blue Prism
7 70 (1.60%) IBM
8 53 (1.21%) Informatica
9 52 (1.19%) Databricks
10 48 (1.10%) UiPath
11 45 (1.03%) Automation Anywhere
12 43 (0.98%) SAP
13 34 (0.78%) Hortonworks
14 32 (0.73%) Cognizant
15 31 (0.71%) WorldPay
16 30 (0.68%) Cisco
17 25 (0.57%) Intel
18 23 (0.52%) Alteryx
19 21 (0.48%) Talend