Period
to 18 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 18 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
UK > England
6 months to
18 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 114 210 334
Rank change year-on-year +96 +124 +287
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 4,661 2,817 1,906
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.86% 1.69% 1.00%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.15% 1.86% 1.11%
Number of salaries quoted 3,848 2,374 1,740
England median annual salary £62,500 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.17% -
10th Percentile £36,425 £35,000 £37,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £97,125 £95,000
UK median annual salary £62,500 £62,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year - +4.17% +3.45%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 147,882 151,544 172,380
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 90.67% 90.70% 90.03%
Number of salaries quoted 119,051 122,950 145,105
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000
10th Percentile £29,625 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,039 £47,500
% change year-on-year +1.96% +3.24% -

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England over the 6 months to 18 July 2018.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the England region over the 6 months to 18 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +76 2,674 £70,000 +3.70% 331
South East +164 757 £55,000 - 82
East of England +42 562 £60,000 +20.00% 76
South West +116 276 £52,500 +5.00% 54
North of England -16 251 £50,000 -4.76% 39
North West -11 206 £50,000 -2.91% 27
Midlands +42 133 £46,250 +15.63% 26
West Midlands +58 93 £46,250 +15.63% 12
East Midlands -2 40 £47,500 +18.75% 14
Yorkshire +28 35 £47,500 -15.56% 9
North East -22 10 £55,500 +58.57% 3
Machine Learning
UK

For the 6 months to 18 July 2018, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 2,536 (54.41%) Python
2 1,825 (39.15%) Data Science
3 1,762 (37.80%) Artificial Intelligence
4 1,584 (33.98%) Java
5 1,458 (31.28%) Big Data
6 1,316 (28.23%) Analytics
7 1,253 (26.88%) SQL
8 1,240 (26.60%) Agile Software Development
9 1,135 (24.35%) Algorithms
10 1,074 (23.04%) Computer Science
11 1,039 (22.29%) C++
12 1,018 (21.84%) Degree
13 942 (20.21%) Software Engineering
14 928 (19.91%) Mathematics
15 876 (18.79%) Amazon AWS
16 849 (18.21%) Finance
17 838 (17.98%) Apache Spark
18 834 (17.89%) PhD
19 808 (17.34%) R
20 740 (15.88%) Hadoop
21 715 (15.34%) Natural Language Processing
22 712 (15.28%) JavaScript
23 696 (14.93%) Deep Learning
24 658 (14.12%) Linux
25 619 (13.28%) Scala
26 594 (12.74%) C#
27 572 (12.27%) NoSQL
28 553 (11.86%) Microsoft Azure
29 531 (11.39%) Statistics
30 523 (11.22%) TDD

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 838 (17.98%) Apache Spark
2 204 (4.38%) Elasticsearch
3 158 (3.39%) SAS
4 138 (2.96%) Apache
5 58 (1.24%) Apache Solr
6 48 (1.03%) Apache Pig
7 44 (0.94%) JBoss
7 44 (0.94%) Tomcat
8 42 (0.90%) Confluence
9 36 (0.77%) Ethereum
10 28 (0.60%) Hyperledger
11 24 (0.51%) Jupyter
11 24 (0.51%) SharePoint
12 23 (0.49%) CMS
13 20 (0.43%) WordPress
14 13 (0.28%) nginx
15 11 (0.24%) Apache Airflow
16 8 (0.17%) WildFly
17 7 (0.15%) IIS
18 6 (0.13%) IPython
Applications
1 73 (1.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 57 (1.22%) Chatbot
3 46 (0.99%) SPSS
4 27 (0.58%) GNU Octave
5 24 (0.51%) MS Visio
6 22 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
7 17 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 10 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
8 10 (0.21%) Weka
9 9 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
9 9 (0.19%) Photoshop
9 9 (0.19%) Stata
10 2 (0.043%) Mathematica
10 2 (0.043%) RoboHelp
10 2 (0.043%) Simulink
10 2 (0.043%) SOLIDWORKS
11 1 (0.021%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.021%) AutoCAD
11 1 (0.021%) CPLEX
11 1 (0.021%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 20 (0.43%) Distributed Ledger
2 15 (0.32%) Ripple
3 10 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
4 8 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
4 8 (0.17%) R3 Corda
5 4 (0.086%) Oracle EBS
5 4 (0.086%) Oracle EBS R12
5 4 (0.086%) Oracle Payroll
5 4 (0.086%) Oracle Receivables
5 4 (0.086%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
5 4 (0.086%) SAP Retail
6 2 (0.043%) Dynamics NAV
6 2 (0.043%) JDE OneWorld
6 2 (0.043%) Magento
6 2 (0.043%) Ripple XRP
6 2 (0.043%) SAP InfiniteInsight
6 2 (0.043%) SAP MDG
6 2 (0.043%) Unica
7 1 (0.021%) Actimize
7 1 (0.021%) Oracle AML
Cloud Services
1 876 (18.79%) Amazon AWS
2 553 (11.86%) Microsoft Azure
3 157 (3.37%) Google Cloud Platform
4 138 (2.96%) Azure Data Factory
5 131 (2.81%) Serverless
6 114 (2.45%) Cloud Computing
7 98 (2.10%) GitHub
8 93 (2.00%) SaaS
9 84 (1.80%) IaaS
10 83 (1.78%) Amazon S3
11 76 (1.63%) Azure Machine Learning
12 75 (1.61%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
13 73 (1.57%) PaaS
14 52 (1.12%) Amazon EC2
15 43 (0.92%) Amazon EMR
15 43 (0.92%) AWS Lambda
16 35 (0.75%) Amazon Kinesis
17 26 (0.56%) Office 365
18 17 (0.36%) Google Analytics
18 17 (0.36%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 83 (1.78%) Internet
2 80 (1.72%) HTTP
3 20 (0.43%) Firewall
3 20 (0.43%) Sourcefire
4 14 (0.30%) DNS
5 13 (0.28%) Bluetooth
6 12 (0.26%) DAB
6 12 (0.26%) Network Security
6 12 (0.26%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
7 11 (0.24%) NFC
7 11 (0.24%) Skype
8 10 (0.21%) Intranet
8 10 (0.21%) SMS
8 10 (0.21%) TCP/IP
9 9 (0.19%) Wi-Fi
10 7 (0.15%) FTP
11 6 (0.13%) SMTP
12 5 (0.11%) Broadband
12 5 (0.11%) DHCP
12 5 (0.11%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,458 (31.28%) Big Data
2 740 (15.88%) Hadoop
3 572 (12.27%) NoSQL
4 315 (6.76%) MongoDB
5 252 (5.41%) Apache Cassandra
5 252 (5.41%) Apache Hive
6 248 (5.32%) Power BI
7 243 (5.21%) PostgreSQL
8 241 (5.17%) Data Warehouse
9 226 (4.85%) SQL Server
10 223 (4.78%) Blockchain
11 222 (4.76%) Data Mining
12 217 (4.66%) Relational Database
13 210 (4.51%) Data Lake
14 160 (3.43%) MySQL
15 144 (3.09%) Azure SQL Database
16 115 (2.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 110 (2.36%) HBase
18 100 (2.15%) Amazon Redshift
19 97 (2.08%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 444 (9.53%) Git (software)
2 224 (4.81%) Jenkins
3 117 (2.51%) Maven
4 101 (2.17%) Visual Studio
5 85 (1.82%) JUnit
6 78 (1.67%) Selenium
7 70 (1.50%) JIRA
8 66 (1.42%) TeamCity
9 62 (1.33%) Gradle
10 53 (1.14%) Subversion
11 48 (1.03%) Cucumber
12 33 (0.71%) Mockito
13 28 (0.60%) Octopus Deploy
14 25 (0.54%) CircleCI
15 24 (0.51%) NUnit
16 23 (0.49%) gulp
17 21 (0.45%) Eclipse
18 20 (0.43%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 18 (0.39%) RStudio
20 17 (0.36%) Artifactory
General
1 849 (18.21%) Finance
2 308 (6.61%) Marketing
3 294 (6.31%) Banking
4 261 (5.60%) Retail
5 160 (3.43%) Advertising
6 137 (2.94%) Games
7 121 (2.60%) Electronics
8 119 (2.55%) Telecoms
9 95 (2.04%) Investment Banking
10 92 (1.97%) Financial Institution
11 78 (1.67%) Law
11 78 (1.67%) Manufacturing
12 76 (1.63%) Front Office
13 43 (0.92%) Publishing
14 39 (0.84%) Retail Banking
15 28 (0.60%) Legal
16 18 (0.39%) Automotive
16 18 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
17 16 (0.34%) Aerospace
18 15 (0.32%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,274 (27.33%) Developer
2 857 (18.39%) Data Scientist
3 408 (8.75%) Software Engineer
4 366 (7.85%) Java Developer
5 283 (6.07%) Data Engineer
6 270 (5.79%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 247 (5.30%) Senior Data Scientist
8 246 (5.28%) Architect
9 215 (4.61%) Python Developer
10 203 (4.36%) Senior Developer
11 201 (4.31%) Consultant
12 187 (4.01%) Python Engineer
13 186 (3.99%) Graduate
14 177 (3.80%) Software Developer
15 170 (3.65%) Analyst
16 160 (3.43%) Machine Learning Scientist
17 121 (2.60%) Machine Learning Developer
18 119 (2.55%) Big Data Engineer
18 119 (2.55%) C++ Software Engineer
19 117 (2.51%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 715 (15.34%) Natural Language Processing
2 453 (9.72%) TensorFlow
3 365 (7.83%) Web Services
4 363 (7.79%) AngularJS
5 357 (7.66%) React
6 344 (7.38%) RESTful
7 334 (7.17%) HTML
8 320 (6.87%) CSS
9 311 (6.67%) Node.js
10 308 (6.61%) Kafka
11 299 (6.41%) .NET
12 173 (3.71%) scikit-learn
13 166 (3.56%) NumPy
14 162 (3.48%) Pandas
15 158 (3.39%) REST
16 156 (3.35%) Keras
17 143 (3.07%) Django
18 134 (2.87%) Spring
19 127 (2.72%) SciPy
20 124 (2.66%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 1,135 (24.35%) Algorithms
2 1,074 (23.04%) Computer Science
3 465 (9.98%) Analytical Skills
4 348 (7.47%) Fintech
5 265 (5.69%) Greenfield Project
6 213 (4.57%) Data Structures
7 209 (4.48%) User Experience
8 119 (2.55%) Robotics
9 94 (2.02%) Mobile App
10 86 (1.85%) Self-Motivation
11 77 (1.65%) Hedge funds
12 76 (1.63%) Cyberthreat
13 63 (1.35%) Social Media
14 59 (1.27%) Enterprise Software
15 58 (1.24%) Equities
16 44 (0.94%) Management Information System
17 42 (0.90%) Life Science
18 35 (0.75%) Linux Command Line
19 34 (0.73%) Smart City
20 32 (0.69%) CUDA
Operating Systems
1 658 (14.12%) Linux
2 99 (2.12%) Windows
3 90 (1.93%) Unix
4 63 (1.35%) Android
5 57 (1.22%) Apple iOS
6 17 (0.36%) Ubuntu
7 12 (0.26%) CentOS
8 10 (0.21%) Mac OS X
9 9 (0.19%) Robot Operating System
9 9 (0.19%) Solaris
10 7 (0.15%) Debian
10 7 (0.15%) Mac OS
11 4 (0.086%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 4 (0.086%) Windows 10
11 4 (0.086%) Windows Server
12 3 (0.064%) CoreOS
12 3 (0.064%) VMS
12 3 (0.064%) Windows Server 2008
13 2 (0.043%) AIX
13 2 (0.043%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,825 (39.15%) Data Science
2 1,762 (37.80%) Artificial Intelligence
3 1,316 (28.23%) Analytics
4 1,240 (26.60%) Agile Software Development
5 942 (20.21%) Software Engineering
6 928 (19.91%) Mathematics
7 696 (14.93%) Deep Learning
8 531 (11.39%) Statistics
9 523 (11.22%) TDD
10 500 (10.73%) Business Intelligence
11 490 (10.51%) DevOps
12 489 (10.49%) Data Analytics
13 459 (9.85%) Problem-Solving
14 449 (9.63%) Visualisation
15 409 (8.77%) Microservices
16 403 (8.65%) Neural Network
17 374 (8.02%) Scrum
18 334 (7.17%) Data Analysis
19 333 (7.14%) Physics
20 321 (6.89%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 2,536 (54.41%) Python
2 1,584 (33.98%) Java
3 1,253 (26.88%) SQL
4 1,039 (22.29%) C++
5 808 (17.34%) R
6 712 (15.28%) JavaScript
7 619 (13.28%) Scala
8 594 (12.74%) C#
9 473 (10.15%) C
10 319 (6.84%) MATLAB
11 170 (3.65%) Ruby
12 167 (3.58%) Go
13 114 (2.45%) Shell Script
14 95 (2.04%) PHP
15 88 (1.89%) Bash Shell
16 86 (1.85%) Java 8
17 69 (1.48%) U-SQL
18 59 (1.27%) TypeScript
19 57 (1.22%) ES6
20 55 (1.18%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 1,018 (21.84%) Degree
2 834 (17.89%) PhD
3 296 (6.35%) Computer Science Degree
4 120 (2.57%) Numerate Degree
5 103 (2.21%) Master's Degree
6 61 (1.31%) Security Cleared
7 40 (0.86%) CISSP
8 28 (0.60%) SC Cleared
9 22 (0.47%) CEH
9 22 (0.47%) GCIH
10 21 (0.45%) Microsoft Certification
11 20 (0.43%) OSCP
12 17 (0.36%) DV Cleared
12 17 (0.36%) SANS
13 16 (0.34%) AWS Certification
14 14 (0.30%) CISM
14 14 (0.30%) CSSLP
15 11 (0.24%) TOGAF Certification
16 6 (0.13%) CCNA
16 6 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 149 (3.20%) QA
2 64 (1.37%) GCP
3 41 (0.88%) GDPR
4 37 (0.79%) Data Quality
5 20 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 14 (0.30%) HIPAA
7 8 (0.17%) GPG13
8 6 (0.13%) PCI DSS
9 5 (0.11%) Actionable Recommendations
10 4 (0.086%) SEPA
11 3 (0.064%) SLA
12 2 (0.043%) COBIT
12 2 (0.043%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 1 (0.021%) DICOM
13 1 (0.021%) Dodd-Frank
13 1 (0.021%) EMIR
13 1 (0.021%) HL7
13 1 (0.021%) Solvency II
13 1 (0.021%) Val IT
System Software
1 461 (9.89%) Docker
2 156 (3.35%) HDFS
3 85 (1.82%) Apache Flume
4 69 (1.48%) Virtual Machines
5 24 (0.51%) VMware Infrastructure
6 21 (0.45%) Snort
7 12 (0.26%) Active Directory
7 12 (0.26%) LXC
8 11 (0.24%) VirtualBox
9 9 (0.19%) Firmware
10 7 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 5 (0.11%) Xen
12 4 (0.086%) Hyper-V
13 2 (0.043%) iptables
13 2 (0.043%) XenApp
13 2 (0.043%) XenDesktop
14 1 (0.021%) Lustre
Systems Management
1 220 (4.72%) Kubernetes
2 122 (2.62%) Ansible
3 100 (2.15%) Puppet
4 82 (1.76%) Opscode Chef
5 68 (1.46%) Hadoop YARN
6 47 (1.01%) Terraform
7 40 (0.86%) Mesos
8 29 (0.62%) Prometheus
9 28 (0.60%) Docker Swarm
10 20 (0.43%) Kibana
10 20 (0.43%) Suricata
11 19 (0.41%) Grafana
11 19 (0.41%) Oozie
12 12 (0.26%) logstash
13 11 (0.24%) Marathon
14 9 (0.19%) QRadar
14 9 (0.19%) Salt
15 7 (0.15%) Packer
16 6 (0.13%) Graphite
17 5 (0.11%) Rancher
Vendors
1 360 (7.72%) Microsoft
2 261 (5.60%) Tableau
3 254 (5.45%) Google
4 153 (3.28%) Oracle
5 114 (2.45%) Cloudera
6 95 (2.04%) Hortonworks
7 89 (1.91%) SAP
8 50 (1.07%) Facebook
9 46 (0.99%) IBM
10 36 (0.77%) MapR
10 36 (0.77%) Splunk
11 31 (0.67%) Sybase
12 28 (0.60%) VMware
13 26 (0.56%) Twitter
14 25 (0.54%) Capita
14 25 (0.54%) Talend
15 23 (0.49%) Databricks
16 21 (0.45%) Salesforce.com
17 20 (0.43%) Cisco
17 20 (0.43%) WorldPay