Period
to 22 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 22 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
UK > England
6 months to
22 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 175 308 522
Rank change year-on-year +133 +214 +169
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 3357 1864 1071
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 1.98% 1.04% 0.53%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.21% 1.16% 0.59%
Number of salaries quoted 2812 1700 887
England median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - -4.00% +13.64%
10th Percentile £33,750 £33,750 £37,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £93,750 £94,250
UK median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year - -4.00% +13.64%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 152153 160470 180138
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 89.91% 89.39% 88.75%
Number of salaries quoted 121055 134622 149914
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £28,750 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% +5.56%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the England region over the 6 months to 22 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +82 2007 £65,000 -3.70% 210
East of England +182 442 £50,000 -16.67% 58
South East +121 330 £55,000 +10.00% 38
North of England +54 271 £52,500 +5.00% 26
North West +50 227 £52,500 +5.00% 23
South West +89 176 £52,500 +2.44% 18
Midlands +111 130 £40,000 +14.29% 11
West Midlands +52 77 £40,000 +73.91% 5
East Midlands +66 52 £41,250 +43.48% 6
Yorkshire +29 40 £60,000 +39.53% 2
North East -1 4 £31,250 -34.21% 1
Machine Learning
UK

For the 6 months to 22 November 2017, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the England region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 2055 (61.22%) Python
2 1199 (35.72%) Java
3 956 (28.48%) Big Data
4 953 (28.39%) Algorithms
5 927 (27.61%) Analytics
6 885 (26.36%) Agile Software Development
7 840 (25.02%) Degree
8 831 (24.75%) SQL
9 824 (24.55%) Computer Science
10 810 (24.13%) Finance
11 789 (23.50%) C++
12 783 (23.32%) Artificial Intelligence
13 770 (22.94%) Mathematics
14 758 (22.58%) Apache Spark
15 729 (21.72%) PhD
16 695 (20.70%) Software Engineering
17 689 (20.52%) R
18 632 (18.83%) Amazon AWS
19 595 (17.72%) Hadoop
20 500 (14.89%) Natural Language Processing
21 489 (14.57%) Scala
22 478 (14.24%) Statistics
23 465 (13.85%) JavaScript
24 450 (13.40%) C#
25 434 (12.93%) Analytical Skills
26 416 (12.39%) Deep Learning
27 413 (12.30%) Linux
28 387 (11.53%) Physics
29 379 (11.29%) DevOps
30 366 (10.90%) Business Intelligence

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 758 (22.58%) Apache Spark
2 184 (5.48%) SAS
3 166 (4.94%) Elasticsearch
4 137 (4.08%) Apache
5 57 (1.70%) Apache Pig
6 47 (1.40%) Ethereum
7 43 (1.28%) Apache Solr
8 32 (0.95%) Hyperledger
9 23 (0.69%) Tomcat
10 22 (0.66%) eris
11 20 (0.60%) DNN
12 19 (0.57%) WebSphere
13 16 (0.48%) Apache Airflow
14 15 (0.45%) MS Exchange
14 15 (0.45%) nginx
15 13 (0.39%) OpenStack
15 13 (0.39%) SharePoint
16 9 (0.27%) Jupyter
16 9 (0.27%) WebLogic
17 7 (0.21%) GeoServer
Applications
1 75 (2.23%) SPSS
2 54 (1.61%) Microsoft Excel
3 33 (0.98%) Chatbot
4 25 (0.74%) Microsoft Office
5 11 (0.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 7 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
6 7 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
7 6 (0.18%) GNU Octave
7 6 (0.18%) S-PLUS
7 6 (0.18%) Stata
8 4 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.12%) CPLEX
8 4 (0.12%) Photoshop
8 4 (0.12%) Weka
9 1 (0.030%) HipChat
9 1 (0.030%) Mathematica
9 1 (0.030%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 14 (0.42%) WebTrends
2 12 (0.36%) Revive Adserver
3 4 (0.12%) Oracle Receivables
4 3 (0.089%) Oracle AML
5 2 (0.060%) Actimize
5 2 (0.060%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.060%) FastStats
5 2 (0.060%) R3 Corda
6 1 (0.030%) Capstone
6 1 (0.030%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.030%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.030%) SAP InfiniteInsight
Cloud Services
1 632 (18.83%) Amazon AWS
2 335 (9.98%) Microsoft Azure
3 159 (4.74%) Google Cloud Platform
4 104 (3.10%) SaaS
5 95 (2.83%) Cloud Computing
6 91 (2.71%) Azure Machine Learning
7 74 (2.20%) GitHub
8 44 (1.31%) Amazon S3
9 38 (1.13%) Azure Data Factory
10 37 (1.10%) Amazon EC2
11 34 (1.01%) PaaS
12 33 (0.98%) Google Analytics
13 32 (0.95%) Amazon Kinesis
14 30 (0.89%) Amazon EMR
15 29 (0.86%) Serverless
16 19 (0.57%) AWS Lambda
17 17 (0.51%) AWS CloudFormation
17 17 (0.51%) IaaS
18 15 (0.45%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 14 (0.42%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 39 (1.16%) Internet
2 28 (0.83%) HTTP
3 27 (0.80%) Network Security
3 27 (0.80%) TCP/IP
4 26 (0.77%) Ethernet
4 26 (0.77%) InfiniBand
5 22 (0.66%) SMS
6 14 (0.42%) Skype
7 12 (0.36%) SMTP
8 11 (0.33%) Firewall
8 11 (0.33%) Intrusion Detection
9 6 (0.18%) OpenVPN
10 5 (0.15%) DNS
10 5 (0.15%) Wireless
11 4 (0.12%) DAB
11 4 (0.12%) RFID
11 4 (0.12%) Wi-Fi
11 4 (0.12%) ZigBee
12 3 (0.089%) DHCP
13 2 (0.060%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 956 (28.48%) Big Data
2 595 (17.72%) Hadoop
3 352 (10.49%) NoSQL
4 270 (8.04%) Data Mining
5 239 (7.12%) MongoDB
6 221 (6.58%) PostgreSQL
7 198 (5.90%) Apache Cassandra
8 190 (5.66%) Relational Database
9 185 (5.51%) SQL Server
10 164 (4.89%) Data Warehouse
11 163 (4.86%) Apache Hive
12 107 (3.19%) Amazon Redshift
12 107 (3.19%) MySQL
13 103 (3.07%) Power BI
14 93 (2.77%) Blockchain
15 85 (2.53%) RDBMS
16 71 (2.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 67 (2.00%) QlikView
18 64 (1.91%) HBase
19 60 (1.79%) Text Mining
Development Applications
1 228 (6.79%) Git (software)
2 106 (3.16%) Jenkins
3 51 (1.52%) Selenium
4 46 (1.37%) JIRA
5 39 (1.16%) JUnit
6 38 (1.13%) Visual Studio
7 35 (1.04%) Cucumber
8 30 (0.89%) Maven
9 28 (0.83%) Subversion
9 28 (0.83%) TeamCity
10 21 (0.63%) gulp
10 21 (0.63%) Talend Open Studio
10 21 (0.63%) webpack
11 15 (0.45%) GitLab
11 15 (0.45%) LabVIEW
12 14 (0.42%) Vagrant
13 11 (0.33%) FogBugz
14 10 (0.30%) CircleCI
14 10 (0.30%) Octopus Deploy
14 10 (0.30%) Travis CI
General
1 810 (24.13%) Finance
2 303 (9.03%) Marketing
3 165 (4.92%) Banking
4 159 (4.74%) Electronics
5 156 (4.65%) Retail
5 156 (4.65%) Telecoms
6 128 (3.81%) Games
7 120 (3.57%) Manufacturing
8 108 (3.22%) Legal
9 68 (2.03%) Advertising
10 55 (1.64%) Financial Institution
11 54 (1.61%) Publishing
12 42 (1.25%) Law
13 34 (1.01%) Automotive
14 33 (0.98%) Investment Banking
15 28 (0.83%) Retail Banking
16 21 (0.63%) Front Office
17 12 (0.36%) Pharmaceutical
18 6 (0.18%) French Language
18 6 (0.18%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 852 (25.38%) Developer
2 688 (20.49%) Data Scientist
3 330 (9.83%) Software Engineer
4 228 (6.79%) Machine Learning Engineer
5 179 (5.33%) Software Developer
6 172 (5.12%) Python Developer
7 171 (5.09%) Data Engineer
8 170 (5.06%) Analyst
9 151 (4.50%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 149 (4.44%) Graduate
11 148 (4.41%) Architect
12 146 (4.35%) Java Developer
13 129 (3.84%) Senior Developer
14 121 (3.60%) Machine Learning Developer
15 120 (3.57%) Senior Data Scientist
16 111 (3.31%) C++ Developer
17 107 (3.19%) DevOps Engineer
18 100 (2.98%) Consultant
19 98 (2.92%) Full Stack Developer
20 88 (2.62%) C++ Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 500 (14.89%) Natural Language Processing
2 282 (8.40%) TensorFlow
3 274 (8.16%) Node.js
4 231 (6.88%) AngularJS
5 230 (6.85%) .NET
6 219 (6.52%) React
7 203 (6.05%) HTML
8 194 (5.78%) CSS
9 189 (5.63%) Kafka
10 164 (4.89%) Web Services
11 119 (3.54%) RESTful
11 119 (3.54%) scikit-learn
12 105 (3.13%) REST
13 80 (2.38%) HTML5
14 79 (2.35%) Spring
15 78 (2.32%) Django
16 76 (2.26%) NumPy
17 75 (2.23%) Theano
18 72 (2.14%) RabbitMQ
19 71 (2.11%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 953 (28.39%) Algorithms
2 824 (24.55%) Computer Science
3 434 (12.93%) Analytical Skills
4 223 (6.64%) Fintech
5 162 (4.83%) Greenfield Project
6 133 (3.96%) User Experience
7 104 (3.10%) Robotics
8 91 (2.71%) Cyberthreat
9 74 (2.20%) Mobile App
10 69 (2.06%) Public Cloud
11 66 (1.97%) Enterprise Software
12 59 (1.76%) Data Structures
13 55 (1.64%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
14 51 (1.52%) Hedge funds
15 49 (1.46%) Smart City
16 44 (1.31%) Client/Server
17 39 (1.16%) Clustering
18 37 (1.10%) Linux Command Line
18 37 (1.10%) Management Information System
19 29 (0.86%) 3D Graphics
Operating Systems
1 413 (12.30%) Linux
2 112 (3.34%) Windows
3 104 (3.10%) Unix
4 68 (2.03%) Android
5 60 (1.79%) Apple iOS
6 19 (0.57%) Embedded Linux
7 16 (0.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 13 (0.39%) CentOS
9 12 (0.36%) Ubuntu
10 8 (0.24%) Debian
11 7 (0.21%) Mac OS
12 3 (0.089%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 927 (27.61%) Analytics
2 885 (26.36%) Agile Software Development
3 783 (23.32%) Artificial Intelligence
4 770 (22.94%) Mathematics
5 695 (20.70%) Software Engineering
6 478 (14.24%) Statistics
7 416 (12.39%) Deep Learning
8 387 (11.53%) Physics
9 379 (11.29%) DevOps
10 366 (10.90%) Business Intelligence
11 332 (9.89%) Visualisation
12 288 (8.58%) Neural Network
13 277 (8.25%) Open Source
14 275 (8.19%) Data Analytics
15 268 (7.98%) Scrum
16 249 (7.42%) Computer Vision
17 242 (7.21%) TDD
18 235 (7.00%) Data Analysis
19 233 (6.94%) Data Visualisation
20 214 (6.37%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 2055 (61.22%) Python
2 1199 (35.72%) Java
3 831 (24.75%) SQL
4 789 (23.50%) C++
5 689 (20.52%) R
6 489 (14.57%) Scala
7 465 (13.85%) JavaScript
8 450 (13.40%) C#
9 335 (9.98%) MATLAB
10 319 (9.50%) C
11 241 (7.18%) Ruby
12 140 (4.17%) Go
13 110 (3.28%) Shell Script
14 85 (2.53%) Julia
15 78 (2.32%) Bash Shell
15 78 (2.32%) PHP
16 58 (1.73%) Perl
17 30 (0.89%) Solidity
18 28 (0.83%) Clojure
19 25 (0.74%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 840 (25.02%) Degree
2 729 (21.72%) PhD
3 253 (7.54%) Computer Science Degree
4 114 (3.40%) Master's Degree
5 69 (2.06%) Security Cleared
6 66 (1.97%) Numerate Degree
7 19 (0.57%) DV Cleared
8 15 (0.45%) Postgraduate
9 13 (0.39%) SC Cleared
10 9 (0.27%) CEH
10 9 (0.27%) GCIH
10 9 (0.27%) OSCP
11 7 (0.21%) CISSP
11 7 (0.21%) PMP
12 6 (0.18%) GIAC
12 6 (0.18%) SANS
13 4 (0.12%) SAS Certification
14 3 (0.089%) MBA
14 3 (0.089%) Microsoft Certification
14 3 (0.089%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 54 (1.61%) Data Quality
1 54 (1.61%) QA
2 11 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 10 (0.30%) GCP
4 6 (0.18%) Actionable Recommendations
5 4 (0.12%) GDPR
6 3 (0.089%) GPG13
7 1 (0.030%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.030%) IFRS
7 1 (0.030%) IFRS 9
7 1 (0.030%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.030%) PMO
7 1 (0.030%) Solvency II
System Software
1 324 (9.65%) Docker
2 28 (0.83%) HDFS
3 24 (0.71%) Apache Flume
4 12 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 11 (0.33%) VMware Infrastructure
6 8 (0.24%) Varnish
7 7 (0.21%) Hyper-V
7 7 (0.21%) Snort
8 5 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
9 4 (0.12%) Active Directory
9 4 (0.12%) Firmware
10 3 (0.089%) KVM
11 2 (0.060%) NFS
11 2 (0.060%) VirtualBox
11 2 (0.060%) Xen
12 1 (0.030%) Gluster
12 1 (0.030%) iptables
12 1 (0.030%) LXC
Systems Management
1 172 (5.12%) Kubernetes
2 135 (4.02%) Ansible
3 93 (2.77%) Puppet
4 86 (2.56%) Opscode Chef
5 55 (1.64%) Mesos
6 48 (1.43%) Terraform
7 19 (0.57%) Hadoop YARN
8 12 (0.36%) Packer
9 11 (0.33%) Salt
10 7 (0.21%) Grafana
10 7 (0.21%) Graylog
11 6 (0.18%) Suricata
12 5 (0.15%) Kibana
12 5 (0.15%) Munin
12 5 (0.15%) Oozie
12 5 (0.15%) Rancher
12 5 (0.15%) ZABBIX
13 4 (0.12%) Docker Swarm
13 4 (0.12%) Marathon
14 3 (0.089%) rkt
Vendors
1 302 (9.00%) Google
2 241 (7.18%) Microsoft
3 195 (5.81%) Tableau
4 142 (4.23%) SAP
5 72 (2.14%) Oracle
6 53 (1.58%) IBM
7 47 (1.40%) Cloudera
7 47 (1.40%) Twitter
8 29 (0.86%) VMware
9 27 (0.80%) Adobe
10 24 (0.71%) Facebook
11 23 (0.69%) Cognos
11 23 (0.69%) Teradata
12 22 (0.66%) Hortonworks
12 22 (0.66%) Informatica
13 21 (0.63%) Salesforce.com
13 21 (0.63%) Talend
14 17 (0.51%) Alteryx
15 15 (0.45%) Adthena
16 14 (0.42%) MapR