Period
to 22 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 22 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
UK > England
6 months to
22 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 105 119 202
Rank change year-on-year +14 +83 +111
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 3,882 4,283 3,058
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 3.07% 2.79% 1.87%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.33% 3.04% 2.02%
Number of salaries quoted 3,048 3,515 2,565
England median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £38,750 £37,500 £33,750
90th Percentile £105,000 £100,000 £95,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 116,507 141,060 151,062
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.13% 91.84% 92.33%
Number of salaries quoted 92,691 113,227 120,016
England median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.00% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,255 £28,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in England over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in England

Machine Learning
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the England region over the 6 months to 22 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +18 2,416 £75,000 +3.45% 332
South East -5 543 £55,000 +4.76% 111
South West +20 350 £50,000 -4.76% 43
North of England +83 292 £52,500 +7.69% 61
North West +56 173 £52,500 +5.00% 38
East of England -77 141 £60,000 - 57
Midlands +51 130 £50,000 +5.26% 39
Yorkshire +59 98 £52,500 +16.67% 10
West Midlands +34 67 £50,000 +5.26% 29
East Midlands +31 63 £50,000 -4.76% 9
North East +36 22 £39,087 -13.14% 13
Machine Learning
UK

For the 6 months to 22 October 2019, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 2,051 (52.83%) Python
2 1,739 (44.80%) Artificial Intelligence
3 1,557 (40.11%) Data Science
4 1,194 (30.76%) Agile Software Development
5 1,166 (30.04%) Analytics
6 1,148 (29.57%) AWS
7 1,087 (28.00%) SQL
8 1,076 (27.72%) Big Data
9 992 (25.55%) Java
10 783 (20.17%) Software Engineering
11 769 (19.81%) Degree
12 736 (18.96%) Finance
13 723 (18.62%) Azure
14 684 (17.62%) R
15 665 (17.13%) Algorithms
16 657 (16.92%) DevOps
17 624 (16.07%) Computer Science
18 619 (15.95%) JavaScript
19 607 (15.64%) Apache Spark
20 572 (14.73%) Mathematics
21 569 (14.66%) Analytical Skills
22 548 (14.12%) Docker
23 520 (13.40%) C#
24 471 (12.13%) Deep Learning
25 458 (11.80%) Hadoop
26 453 (11.67%) C++
27 440 (11.33%) GCP
28 432 (11.13%) Visualisation
29 424 (10.92%) Statistics
30 419 (10.79%) Linux

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 607 (15.64%) Apache Spark
2 187 (4.82%) Elasticsearch
3 134 (3.45%) Apache
4 90 (2.32%) SAS
5 62 (1.60%) WebSphere
6 59 (1.52%) Jupyter
7 51 (1.31%) Apache Pig
8 46 (1.18%) CMS
9 43 (1.11%) Apache Airflow
10 31 (0.80%) Apache Solr
10 31 (0.80%) Confluence
10 31 (0.80%) Tornado
11 28 (0.72%) Luigi
12 24 (0.62%) SharePoint
13 17 (0.44%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 13 (0.33%) Ethereum
14 13 (0.33%) nginx
15 10 (0.26%) Hyperledger
16 9 (0.23%) OpenStack
17 5 (0.13%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 48 (1.24%) Microsoft Excel
2 34 (0.88%) Chatbot
3 29 (0.75%) SPSS
4 13 (0.33%) Stata
5 11 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 9 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
7 7 (0.18%) Gephi
7 7 (0.18%) MS Visio
7 7 (0.18%) Sketch
8 6 (0.15%) Simulink
8 6 (0.15%) Stateflow
9 5 (0.13%) InVision
10 4 (0.10%) Adobe Illustrator
10 4 (0.10%) Photoshop
11 3 (0.077%) Microsoft Office
11 3 (0.077%) Weka
12 2 (0.052%) Mathematica
12 2 (0.052%) Spreadsheet
13 1 (0.026%) Adobe Premiere
13 1 (0.026%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 29 (0.75%) PolarLake
2 26 (0.67%) Eagle PACE
2 26 (0.67%) Markit EDM
3 10 (0.26%) FINCAD Analytics
4 7 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
5 5 (0.13%) MultiChain
5 5 (0.13%) Quorum
6 2 (0.052%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.052%) SAP FI-GL
6 2 (0.052%) Summit
7 1 (0.026%) Distributed Ledger
7 1 (0.026%) SAP GTS
7 1 (0.026%) Siebel CRM
7 1 (0.026%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 1 (0.026%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 1,148 (29.57%) AWS
2 723 (18.62%) Azure
3 440 (11.33%) GCP
4 155 (3.99%) Power Platform
5 139 (3.58%) SaaS
6 137 (3.53%) Serverless
7 102 (2.63%) Azure Machine Learning
7 102 (2.63%) Cloud Computing
8 87 (2.24%) Amazon S3
9 76 (1.96%) AWS Lambda
10 64 (1.65%) Azure Data Factory
11 59 (1.52%) PaaS
12 52 (1.34%) Amazon ECS
12 52 (1.34%) AWS CloudFormation
13 50 (1.29%) Amazon SQS
14 49 (1.26%) Amazon EC2
14 49 (1.26%) Amazon Kinesis
15 45 (1.16%) Amazon EMR
16 39 (1.00%) GitHub
17 31 (0.80%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 46 (1.18%) Internet
2 28 (0.72%) HTTP
3 22 (0.57%) Wireless
4 17 (0.44%) DNS
5 14 (0.36%) VPN
6 13 (0.33%) Firewall
6 13 (0.33%) TCP/IP
7 12 (0.31%) SSL
7 12 (0.31%) Wi-Fi
8 11 (0.28%) Bluetooth
9 10 (0.26%) Ethernet
10 8 (0.21%) HTTPS
10 8 (0.21%) MPLS
10 8 (0.21%) Software-Defined Networking
10 8 (0.21%) VoIP
11 7 (0.18%) Network Security
12 6 (0.15%) MQTT
12 6 (0.15%) Wireshark
13 5 (0.13%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
13 5 (0.13%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,076 (27.72%) Big Data
2 458 (11.80%) Hadoop
3 370 (9.53%) NoSQL
4 235 (6.05%) SQL Server
5 206 (5.31%) PostgreSQL
6 202 (5.20%) Data Warehouse
7 186 (4.79%) Data Mining
8 185 (4.77%) Apache Hive
9 159 (4.10%) MongoDB
10 155 (3.99%) Power BI
11 150 (3.86%) MySQL
12 146 (3.76%) Relational Database
13 144 (3.71%) Data Lake
14 115 (2.96%) Amazon Redshift
15 90 (2.32%) BigQuery
16 89 (2.29%) Redis
17 87 (2.24%) Blockchain
18 81 (2.09%) Apache Cassandra
19 79 (2.04%) Cosmos DB
20 71 (1.83%) Impala
Development Applications
1 373 (9.61%) Git (software)
2 215 (5.54%) Jenkins
3 154 (3.97%) JIRA
4 93 (2.40%) Selenium
5 64 (1.65%) Maven
6 58 (1.49%) Bitbucket
7 44 (1.13%) Bitbucket Server
8 42 (1.08%) git-flow
9 38 (0.98%) Cucumber
9 38 (0.98%) JUnit
10 31 (0.80%) Visual Studio
11 29 (0.75%) Subversion
12 26 (0.67%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 26 (0.67%) GitLab
12 26 (0.67%) Hudson
12 26 (0.67%) TeamCity
13 22 (0.57%) webpack
14 21 (0.54%) CruiseControl
15 19 (0.49%) Appium
15 19 (0.49%) CircleCI
General
1 736 (18.96%) Finance
2 283 (7.29%) Banking
3 262 (6.75%) Marketing
4 220 (5.67%) Retail
5 154 (3.97%) Front Office
6 118 (3.04%) Games
7 96 (2.47%) Law
8 87 (2.24%) Telecoms
9 79 (2.04%) Public Sector
10 71 (1.83%) Manufacturing
11 66 (1.70%) Electronics
12 54 (1.39%) Legal
13 45 (1.16%) Advertising
14 42 (1.08%) Pharmaceutical
15 38 (0.98%) Financial Institution
16 37 (0.95%) Automotive
17 36 (0.93%) Publishing
18 31 (0.80%) Back Office
19 25 (0.64%) Billing
20 19 (0.49%) Military
Job Titles
1 990 (25.50%) Developer
2 736 (18.96%) Data Scientist
3 363 (9.35%) Software Engineer
4 300 (7.73%) Data Engineer
5 266 (6.85%) Architect
6 265 (6.83%) Java Developer
7 263 (6.77%) Senior Data Scientist
8 201 (5.18%) Senior Developer
9 200 (5.15%) Python Engineer
10 195 (5.02%) Python Developer
11 192 (4.95%) Machine Learning Engineer
12 172 (4.43%) DevOps Engineer
13 164 (4.22%) Analyst
14 151 (3.89%) Consultant
15 112 (2.89%) AWS Engineer
16 111 (2.86%) Java Engineer
17 109 (2.81%) .NET Developer
18 104 (2.68%) Software Developer
19 97 (2.50%) Junior
20 96 (2.47%) Machine Learning Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 387 (9.97%) Web Services
2 377 (9.71%) Natural Language Processing
3 371 (9.56%) TensorFlow
4 338 (8.71%) .NET
5 337 (8.68%) React
6 285 (7.34%) HTML
7 275 (7.08%) Node.js
8 262 (6.75%) Kafka
9 247 (6.36%) scikit-learn
10 237 (6.11%) CSS
11 233 (6.00%) AngularJS
12 220 (5.67%) Pandas
13 181 (4.66%) Spring
14 173 (4.46%) RESTful
15 171 (4.40%) NumPy
16 159 (4.10%) Keras
17 136 (3.50%) REST
18 116 (2.99%) .NET Core
19 112 (2.89%) HTML5
20 108 (2.78%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 665 (17.13%) Algorithms
2 569 (14.66%) Analytical Skills
3 207 (5.33%) User Experience
4 206 (5.31%) Greenfield Project
5 149 (3.84%) Robotics
6 113 (2.91%) Data Structures
7 70 (1.80%) Equities
7 70 (1.80%) Management Information System
8 69 (1.78%) Social Network
9 64 (1.65%) Social Media
10 63 (1.62%) Hedge funds
11 54 (1.39%) Derivative
12 50 (1.29%) Cloud Native
13 49 (1.26%) Mobile App
14 48 (1.24%) Analytical Mindset
14 48 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
14 48 (1.24%) Fixed Income
14 48 (1.24%) Virtual Team
15 43 (1.11%) Cyber Kill Chain
15 43 (1.11%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 419 (10.79%) Linux
2 121 (3.12%) Unix
3 94 (2.42%) Windows
4 82 (2.11%) Android
5 51 (1.31%) Apple iOS
6 27 (0.70%) Ubuntu
7 18 (0.46%) CentOS
8 6 (0.15%) Windows Server
9 5 (0.13%) Debian
9 5 (0.13%) VxWorks
10 2 (0.052%) Robot Operating System
11 1 (0.026%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.026%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 1 (0.026%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.026%) Windows 7
11 1 (0.026%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,739 (44.80%) Artificial Intelligence
2 1,557 (40.11%) Data Science
3 1,194 (30.76%) Agile Software Development
4 1,166 (30.04%) Analytics
5 783 (20.17%) Software Engineering
6 657 (16.92%) DevOps
7 624 (16.07%) Computer Science
8 572 (14.73%) Mathematics
9 471 (12.13%) Deep Learning
10 432 (11.13%) Visualisation
11 424 (10.92%) Statistics
12 406 (10.46%) Microservices
13 401 (10.33%) Data Analytics
14 399 (10.28%) Business Intelligence
15 346 (8.91%) Problem-Solving
16 333 (8.58%) Mentoring
17 310 (7.99%) Scrum
18 304 (7.83%) Data Analysis
19 283 (7.29%) TDD
20 260 (6.70%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 2,051 (52.83%) Python
2 1,087 (28.00%) SQL
3 992 (25.55%) Java
4 684 (17.62%) R
5 619 (15.95%) JavaScript
6 520 (13.40%) C#
7 453 (11.67%) C++
8 348 (8.96%) Scala
9 229 (5.90%) C
10 162 (4.17%) TypeScript
11 143 (3.68%) Bash Shell
12 127 (3.27%) MATLAB
13 117 (3.01%) Go
14 113 (2.91%) Java 8
15 99 (2.55%) PHP
16 71 (1.83%) Perl
17 50 (1.29%) Ruby
18 47 (1.21%) ES6
19 45 (1.16%) PowerShell
20 43 (1.11%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 769 (19.81%) Degree
2 365 (9.40%) PhD
3 171 (4.40%) Computer Science Degree
4 159 (4.10%) Security Cleared
5 111 (2.86%) Master's Degree
6 95 (2.45%) DV Cleared
7 74 (1.91%) SC Cleared
8 63 (1.62%) Numerate Degree
9 31 (0.80%) Microsoft Certification
10 23 (0.59%) AWS Certification
11 11 (0.28%) DBS Check
11 11 (0.28%) MBA
12 6 (0.15%) MCSA
13 5 (0.13%) CGEIT
13 5 (0.13%) ISEB
13 5 (0.13%) MCP
14 3 (0.077%) Postgraduate
15 2 (0.052%) CISM
15 2 (0.052%) CISMP
15 2 (0.052%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 179 (4.61%) QA
2 97 (2.50%) Data Quality
3 16 (0.41%) Actionable Recommendations
4 14 (0.36%) SLA
5 13 (0.33%) GDPR
5 13 (0.33%) PCI DSS
6 11 (0.28%) PMO
7 5 (0.13%) NIST
8 3 (0.077%) ISO 26262
8 3 (0.077%) MISRA
9 2 (0.052%) IFRS
9 2 (0.052%) IFRS 9
9 2 (0.052%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 1 (0.026%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 548 (14.12%) Docker
2 59 (1.52%) Apache Flume
3 43 (1.11%) HDFS
4 27 (0.70%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 23 (0.59%) Firmware
6 16 (0.41%) IAG
7 15 (0.39%) VirtualBox
8 11 (0.28%) Active Directory
9 5 (0.13%) Cronacle
10 4 (0.10%) Virtual Machines
11 3 (0.077%) VMware Infrastructure
11 3 (0.077%) XenApp
11 3 (0.077%) XenDesktop
12 1 (0.026%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 392 (10.10%) Kubernetes
2 222 (5.72%) Terraform
3 148 (3.81%) Ansible
4 94 (2.42%) Oozie
5 70 (1.80%) Puppet
6 63 (1.62%) Opscode Chef
7 37 (0.95%) Istio
8 27 (0.70%) Docker Swarm
9 24 (0.62%) Hadoop YARN
9 24 (0.62%) Kibana
10 20 (0.52%) Consul
11 14 (0.36%) Salt
12 13 (0.33%) Packer
13 9 (0.23%) linkerd
14 5 (0.13%) BMC PATROL
14 5 (0.13%) Control-M
14 5 (0.13%) Kubeflow
14 5 (0.13%) Single Sign-On
14 5 (0.13%) Tivoli
15 4 (0.10%) Nagios
Vendors
1 325 (8.37%) Google
2 303 (7.81%) Microsoft
3 165 (4.25%) Tableau
4 108 (2.78%) Splunk
5 103 (2.65%) Oracle
6 81 (2.09%) Cloudera
7 76 (1.96%) Informatica
8 73 (1.88%) Databricks
9 51 (1.31%) Bloomberg
10 45 (1.16%) WorldPay
11 35 (0.90%) Hortonworks
12 33 (0.85%) SAP
13 32 (0.82%) Adobe
14 25 (0.64%) Apple
14 25 (0.64%) Blue Prism
15 24 (0.62%) Alteryx
15 24 (0.62%) UiPath
16 23 (0.59%) Facebook
17 22 (0.57%) Salesforce.com
18 20 (0.52%) IBM