Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 27 24 23
Rank change year-on-year -3 -1 -4
Permanent jobs citing Linux 9,363 5,364 10,829
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 8.46% 9.40% 9.31%
As % of the Operating Systems category 45.16% 46.01% 41.24%
Number of salaries quoted 5,632 4,324 8,531
10th Percentile £35,000 £35,000 £31,250
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - -
75th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £86,250 £88,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 20,733 11,659 26,259
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 18.73% 20.44% 22.57%
Number of salaries quoted 14,259 9,671 21,472
10th Percentile £26,250 £27,500 £25,000
25th Percentile £35,000 £36,250 £32,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year - +11.11% -5.26%
75th Percentile £70,000 £66,250 £65,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £80,500 £80,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -5.26%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Linux in England.

Salary trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -15 3,679 £72,500 +3.57% 732
South East +2 1,710 £55,000 +10.00% 290
North of England +3 1,651 £50,750 +3.57% 264
South West 0 886 £47,500 - 159
Midlands -6 749 £50,000 - 158
North West -2 745 £52,500 +7.14% 134
Yorkshire +5 696 £52,500 +5.00% 87
East of England -5 548 £55,000 +2.33% 195
West Midlands -20 392 £50,000 -4.76% 107
East Midlands +12 356 £47,500 - 51
North East +12 212 £47,500 -7.32% 43
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 3,392 (36.23%) AWS
2 3,225 (34.44%) Python
3 3,079 (32.88%) DevOps
4 2,816 (30.08%) Agile Software Development
5 2,670 (28.52%) Windows
6 2,494 (26.64%) Azure
7 2,327 (24.85%) Docker
8 2,039 (21.78%) Kubernetes
9 1,920 (20.51%) Software Engineering
10 1,919 (20.50%) CI/CD
11 1,826 (19.50%) Java
12 1,779 (19.00%) Terraform
13 1,719 (18.36%) SQL
14 1,688 (18.03%) Ansible
15 1,667 (17.80%) Git (software)
16 1,662 (17.75%) Finance
17 1,636 (17.47%) Social Skills
18 1,590 (16.98%) JavaScript
19 1,495 (15.97%) Jenkins
20 1,478 (15.79%) Unix
21 1,375 (14.69%) Problem-Solving
22 1,320 (14.10%) Degree
23 1,248 (13.33%) Microsoft
24 1,225 (13.08%) C++
25 1,201 (12.83%) Bash
26 1,091 (11.65%) Cisco
27 1,063 (11.35%) VMware
28 1,055 (11.27%) Infrastructure as Code
29 1,028 (10.98%) Computer Science
30 1,007 (10.76%) MySQL

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 552 (5.90%) Apache
2 318 (3.40%) Confluence
3 264 (2.82%) Elasticsearch
4 236 (2.52%) nginx
5 208 (2.22%) IIS
6 191 (2.04%) Tomcat
7 180 (1.92%) Apache Spark
8 144 (1.54%) SharePoint
9 136 (1.45%) JBoss
10 131 (1.40%) OpenStack
11 126 (1.35%) WebLogic
12 108 (1.15%) GeoServer
13 104 (1.11%) MS Exchange
14 91 (0.97%) WordPress
15 77 (0.82%) CMS
16 63 (0.67%) WebSphere
17 53 (0.57%) GemFire
18 42 (0.45%) Jetty
19 33 (0.35%) Apache Airflow
19 33 (0.35%) Jupyter
Applications
1 138 (1.47%) Microsoft Office
2 52 (0.56%) MS Visio
3 31 (0.33%) Microsoft Excel
4 24 (0.26%) Simulink
5 20 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 15 (0.16%) InVision
6 15 (0.16%) Sketch
7 11 (0.12%) OmniGraffle
8 10 (0.11%) Revit
8 10 (0.11%) SOLIDWORKS
9 7 (0.075%) Microsoft Project
10 6 (0.064%) Spreadsheet
11 3 (0.032%) Adobe XD
11 3 (0.032%) Campfire
11 3 (0.032%) Photoshop
12 2 (0.021%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 2 (0.021%) Adobe Illustrator
12 2 (0.021%) Zeplin
13 1 (0.011%) Weka
13 1 (0.011%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 71 (0.76%) Sentinel
2 41 (0.44%) Magento
3 40 (0.43%) Oracle Applications
4 38 (0.41%) Payment Gateway
5 31 (0.33%) Oracle EBS R12
6 28 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
7 19 (0.20%) Temenos T24
8 13 (0.14%) Shopify
9 10 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
9 10 (0.11%) R3 Corda
10 8 (0.085%) Oracle EBS
11 7 (0.075%) SAP Business One
11 7 (0.075%) Workfront
12 5 (0.053%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 4 (0.043%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
13 4 (0.043%) WebTrends
14 3 (0.032%) HiPortfolio
14 3 (0.032%) MultiFonds
14 3 (0.032%) SimCorp Dimension
14 3 (0.032%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 3,392 (36.23%) AWS
2 2,494 (26.64%) Azure
3 960 (10.25%) GCP
4 536 (5.72%) Microsoft 365
5 534 (5.70%) SaaS
6 518 (5.53%) Serverless
7 515 (5.50%) AWS CloudFormation
8 475 (5.07%) GitHub
9 394 (4.21%) PaaS
10 336 (3.59%) Amazon EC2
11 332 (3.55%) Amazon S3
12 325 (3.47%) OpenShift
13 317 (3.39%) IaaS
14 296 (3.16%) AWS Lambda
15 242 (2.58%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 234 (2.50%) Cloud Computing
17 179 (1.91%) Amazon EKS
18 151 (1.61%) Amazon ECS
19 149 (1.59%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 141 (1.51%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 786 (8.39%) Wireless
2 690 (7.37%) Firewall
3 542 (5.79%) DNS
4 491 (5.24%) TCP/IP
5 450 (4.81%) HTTP
6 325 (3.47%) VPN
7 262 (2.80%) WAN
8 260 (2.78%) LAN
9 258 (2.76%) DHCP
10 235 (2.51%) Network Security
11 233 (2.49%) SAN
12 191 (2.04%) Internet
13 175 (1.87%) SSL
14 165 (1.76%) Wi-Fi
15 151 (1.61%) Broadband
16 133 (1.42%) BGP
17 119 (1.27%) VoIP
18 107 (1.14%) OSPF
19 87 (0.93%) HTTPS
19 87 (0.93%) IPv6
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,007 (10.76%) MySQL
2 804 (8.59%) PostgreSQL
3 570 (6.09%) SQL Server
4 451 (4.82%) NoSQL
5 399 (4.26%) Relational Database
6 365 (3.90%) MongoDB
7 316 (3.37%) Redis
8 296 (3.16%) Big Data
9 223 (2.38%) Oracle Database
10 187 (2.00%) MariaDB
11 180 (1.92%) Amazon RDS
12 130 (1.39%) RDBMS
13 125 (1.34%) Hadoop
14 119 (1.27%) GIS
15 115 (1.23%) QGIS
16 110 (1.17%) Data Warehouse
17 102 (1.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 99 (1.06%) HBase
19 84 (0.90%) InfluxDB
20 83 (0.89%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1,667 (17.80%) Git (software)
2 1,495 (15.97%) Jenkins
3 826 (8.82%) JIRA
4 405 (4.33%) GitLab
5 252 (2.69%) Bitbucket
6 247 (2.64%) Maven
7 186 (1.99%) Gradle
8 185 (1.98%) TeamCity
9 170 (1.82%) Subversion
10 145 (1.55%) JUnit
11 129 (1.38%) Cucumber
12 122 (1.30%) Selenium
13 107 (1.14%) Octopus Deploy
14 106 (1.13%) Sonatype Nexus
15 105 (1.12%) webpack
16 99 (1.06%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 91 (0.97%) SonarQube
18 88 (0.94%) Eclipse
19 83 (0.89%) JMeter
20 81 (0.87%) Artifactory
General
1 1,662 (17.75%) Finance
2 1,636 (17.47%) Social Skills
3 609 (6.50%) Analytical Skills
4 403 (4.30%) Banking
5 355 (3.79%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 297 (3.17%) Retail
7 255 (2.72%) Telecoms
8 252 (2.69%) Law
9 232 (2.48%) Marketing
10 207 (2.21%) Public Sector
11 206 (2.20%) Organisational Skills
12 202 (2.16%) Games
13 168 (1.79%) Presentation Skills
14 139 (1.48%) Electronics
15 100 (1.07%) Investment Banking
16 93 (0.99%) Automotive
17 88 (0.94%) Manufacturing
18 87 (0.93%) Front Office
19 83 (0.89%) Documentation Skills
20 81 (0.87%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,798 (19.20%) Developer
2 1,338 (14.29%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,086 (11.60%) Software Engineer
4 661 (7.06%) IT Technician
5 659 (7.04%) Trainee
6 657 (7.02%) Network Technician
6 657 (7.02%) Trainee IT Technician
6 657 (7.02%) Trainee Technician
7 446 (4.76%) AWS Engineer
7 446 (4.76%) Cloud Engineer
8 434 (4.64%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 424 (4.53%) Analyst
10 410 (4.38%) Architect
11 397 (4.24%) Senior Developer
12 372 (3.97%) Linux Engineer
13 366 (3.91%) Administrator
14 325 (3.47%) PHP Developer
15 316 (3.37%) Senior Software Engineer
16 295 (3.15%) Java Developer
17 289 (3.09%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 878 (9.38%) CSS
2 818 (8.74%) React
3 791 (8.45%) HTML
4 665 (7.10%) REST
5 624 (6.66%) Node.js
6 574 (6.13%) Spring
7 527 (5.63%) Kafka
8 462 (4.93%) AngularJS
9 456 (4.87%) .NET
10 439 (4.69%) JSON
11 346 (3.70%) Web Services
12 344 (3.67%) RESTful
13 334 (3.57%) XML
14 330 (3.52%) LAMP
15 329 (3.51%) Spring Boot
16 295 (3.15%) HTML5
17 290 (3.10%) Elastic Stack
18 263 (2.81%) Middleware
19 249 (2.66%) RabbitMQ
20 242 (2.58%) Laravel
Miscellaneous
1 482 (5.15%) Data Centre
2 432 (4.61%) Linux Command Line
3 415 (4.43%) Self-Motivation
4 379 (4.05%) User Experience
5 331 (3.54%) Public Cloud
6 303 (3.24%) Management Information System
7 300 (3.20%) Algorithms
8 205 (2.19%) Virtual Team
9 198 (2.11%) Enterprise Software
10 193 (2.06%) Greenfield Project
11 184 (1.97%) Data Structures
12 182 (1.94%) Embedded Systems
13 166 (1.77%) Cloud Native
14 157 (1.68%) Clustering
15 151 (1.61%) PKI
16 144 (1.54%) Mobile App
17 128 (1.37%) Hybrid Cloud
18 121 (1.29%) Equities
19 99 (1.06%) Private Cloud
20 97 (1.04%) Device Driver
Operating Systems
1 2,670 (28.52%) Windows
2 1,478 (15.79%) Unix
3 672 (7.18%) Windows Server
4 621 (6.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 502 (5.36%) Ubuntu
6 493 (5.27%) CentOS
7 262 (2.80%) Android
8 208 (2.22%) Mac OS
9 180 (1.92%) Windows Server 2016
10 172 (1.84%) Windows 10
11 165 (1.76%) Debian
12 164 (1.75%) Embedded Linux
13 161 (1.72%) Apple iOS
14 142 (1.52%) Windows Server 2012
15 141 (1.51%) Windows Server 2019
16 93 (0.99%) Solaris
17 87 (0.93%) AIX
18 58 (0.62%) Windows Server 2008
19 53 (0.57%) Mac OS X
20 44 (0.47%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,079 (32.88%) DevOps
2 2,816 (30.08%) Agile Software Development
3 1,920 (20.51%) Software Engineering
4 1,919 (20.50%) CI/CD
5 1,375 (14.69%) Problem-Solving
6 1,055 (11.27%) Infrastructure as Code
7 1,028 (10.98%) Computer Science
8 879 (9.39%) Microservices
9 819 (8.75%) Scrum
10 788 (8.42%) Configuration Management
11 780 (8.33%) Test Automation
12 764 (8.16%) Mentoring
13 754 (8.05%) Continuous Integration
14 637 (6.80%) TDD
15 629 (6.72%) Analytics
15 629 (6.72%) Full Stack Development
16 624 (6.66%) Infrastructure Engineering
17 599 (6.40%) OO
18 584 (6.24%) Open Source
19 554 (5.92%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 3,225 (34.44%) Python
2 1,826 (19.50%) Java
3 1,719 (18.36%) SQL
4 1,590 (16.98%) JavaScript
5 1,225 (13.08%) C++
6 1,201 (12.83%) Bash
7 973 (10.39%) PowerShell
8 804 (8.59%) C
9 793 (8.47%) PHP
10 727 (7.76%) C#
11 615 (6.57%) Shell Script
12 494 (5.28%) Go
13 476 (5.08%) Perl
14 416 (4.44%) Ruby
15 357 (3.81%) TypeScript
16 176 (1.88%) Groovy
17 153 (1.63%) Scala
18 129 (1.38%) Kotlin
19 122 (1.30%) T-SQL
20 111 (1.19%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 1,320 (14.10%) Degree
2 838 (8.95%) Cisco Certification
3 785 (8.38%) CCNA
4 735 (7.85%) Security Cleared
5 678 (7.24%) Network+ Certification
6 663 (7.08%) Linux+ Certification
7 662 (7.07%) A+ Certification
8 531 (5.67%) SC Cleared
9 408 (4.36%) Computer Science Degree
10 241 (2.57%) Microsoft Certification
11 189 (2.02%) AWS Certification
12 146 (1.56%) MCSE
13 137 (1.46%) DV Cleared
14 79 (0.84%) MCP
15 77 (0.82%) CCNP
16 75 (0.80%) MCSA
17 74 (0.79%) Master's Degree
18 73 (0.78%) SANS
19 67 (0.72%) Oracle Certification
20 66 (0.70%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 400 (4.27%) QA
2 210 (2.24%) SLA
3 130 (1.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 100 (1.07%) PCI DSS
5 81 (0.87%) GDPR
6 47 (0.50%) Accessibility
7 45 (0.48%) NIST
8 28 (0.30%) Def Stans
8 28 (0.30%) MISRA
9 26 (0.28%) Data Quality
10 24 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials
11 19 (0.20%) HIPAA
12 16 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 16 (0.17%) NCSC
13 14 (0.15%) COBIT
14 13 (0.14%) PSD2
15 12 (0.13%) ISO 9001
15 12 (0.13%) NIST 800
16 9 (0.096%) PMO
17 8 (0.085%) IFRS
System Software
1 2,327 (24.85%) Docker
2 742 (7.92%) VMware Infrastructure
3 673 (7.19%) Active Directory
4 287 (3.07%) Hyper-V
5 230 (2.46%) Firmware
6 174 (1.86%) Virtual Machines
7 159 (1.70%) vSphere
8 145 (1.55%) VMware ESXi
9 64 (0.68%) HDFS
10 62 (0.66%) KVM
11 59 (0.63%) Virtual Servers
12 47 (0.50%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 44 (0.47%) Oracle RAC
14 39 (0.42%) NFS
14 39 (0.42%) Virtual Desktop
15 37 (0.40%) iptables
16 28 (0.30%) LXC
17 27 (0.29%) VMware NSX
17 27 (0.29%) XenApp
18 22 (0.23%) Xen
Systems Management
1 2,039 (21.78%) Kubernetes
2 1,779 (19.00%) Terraform
3 1,688 (18.03%) Ansible
4 844 (9.01%) Puppet
5 591 (6.31%) Opscode Chef
6 300 (3.20%) Grafana
7 288 (3.08%) Prometheus
8 147 (1.57%) SCCM
9 112 (1.20%) Nagios
10 110 (1.17%) Kibana
11 109 (1.16%) Packer
12 79 (0.84%) Istio
13 76 (0.81%) Consul
14 74 (0.79%) Icinga
15 68 (0.73%) Rancher
16 63 (0.67%) Data Guard
17 59 (0.63%) logstash
18 51 (0.54%) ZABBIX
19 47 (0.50%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
20 46 (0.49%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 1,248 (13.33%) Microsoft
2 1,091 (11.65%) Cisco
3 1,063 (11.35%) VMware
4 863 (9.22%) Oracle
5 778 (8.31%) Red Hat
6 400 (4.27%) Google
7 234 (2.50%) Splunk
8 208 (2.22%) IBM
9 148 (1.58%) Citrix
10 131 (1.40%) ServiceNow
11 129 (1.38%) Apple
12 126 (1.35%) HP
13 125 (1.34%) Zend
14 118 (1.26%) Juniper
14 118 (1.26%) SaltStack
15 115 (1.23%) Atlassian
16 94 (1.00%) SolarWinds
17 83 (0.89%) SAP
18 82 (0.88%) Fortinet
19 81 (0.87%) EMC