Period
to 19 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 19 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
19 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 16 16 16
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Linux 16,524 18,776 20,265
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 10.47% 11.28% 10.91%
As % of the Operating Systems category 45.41% 45.21% 42.73%
Number of salaries quoted 13,231 15,420 17,364
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £75,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 36,389 41,530 47,423
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 23.06% 24.94% 25.52%
Number of salaries quoted 29,420 34,038 40,823
England median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - +2.27%
10th Percentile £25,500 £25,500 £24,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +4.65%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Linux in England.

Salary trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 19 August 2018.

Salary histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 19 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 7,357 £65,000 +8.33% 966
South East 0 3,491 £48,500 +7.78% 494
North of England -5 2,019 £45,000 +8.24% 378
East of England +5 1,393 £52,500 +11.94% 348
South West +3 1,351 £44,500 +4.71% 256
North West 0 1,111 £45,000 +12.50% 204
Midlands -1 906 £42,500 +6.25% 177
Yorkshire -5 772 £45,000 +5.88% 146
West Midlands -2 604 £45,000 +12.50% 100
East Midlands -4 299 £42,500 +13.33% 77
North East +7 137 £42,500 +10.39% 28
South Coast - 2 - -
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 19 August 2018, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 5,732 (34.69%) Windows
2 5,619 (34.01%) Python
3 4,807 (29.09%) Amazon AWS
4 4,765 (28.84%) DevOps
5 4,660 (28.20%) Agile Software Development
6 4,328 (26.19%) Java
7 3,926 (23.76%) SQL
8 3,344 (20.24%) Unix
9 3,080 (18.64%) Finance
10 3,034 (18.36%) Git (software)
11 2,988 (18.08%) Docker
12 2,830 (17.13%) Puppet
13 2,822 (17.08%) JavaScript
14 2,794 (16.91%) Ansible
15 2,586 (15.65%) Microsoft Azure
16 2,523 (15.27%) Jenkins
17 2,492 (15.08%) MySQL
18 2,491 (15.08%) Bash Shell
19 2,441 (14.77%) Software Engineering
20 2,401 (14.53%) Degree
21 2,321 (14.05%) VMware
22 2,194 (13.28%) C++
23 2,055 (12.44%) Problem-Solving
24 2,008 (12.15%) Opscode Chef
25 1,990 (12.04%) Microsoft
26 1,989 (12.04%) Continuous Integration
27 1,941 (11.75%) Oracle
28 1,825 (11.04%) HTML
29 1,736 (10.51%) Red Hat
30 1,731 (10.48%) PHP

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,507 (9.12%) Apache
2 781 (4.73%) Tomcat
3 590 (3.57%) Confluence
4 580 (3.51%) Elasticsearch
5 498 (3.01%) IIS
6 445 (2.69%) nginx
7 421 (2.55%) OpenStack
8 398 (2.41%) JBoss
9 393 (2.38%) Apache Spark
10 297 (1.80%) MS Exchange
11 275 (1.66%) CMS
12 262 (1.59%) WebLogic
13 233 (1.41%) WebSphere
14 203 (1.23%) SharePoint
15 171 (1.03%) WordPress
16 140 (0.85%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 124 (0.75%) Skype for Business
18 120 (0.73%) Ethereum
19 93 (0.56%) Drupal
20 87 (0.53%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 295 (1.79%) Microsoft Office
2 141 (0.85%) Microsoft Excel
3 95 (0.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 58 (0.35%) MS Visio
5 33 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
6 22 (0.13%) Photoshop
7 19 (0.11%) Simulink
8 10 (0.061%) Spreadsheet
9 9 (0.054%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 9 (0.054%) Adobe Illustrator
9 9 (0.054%) HipChat
10 8 (0.048%) RoboHelp
11 7 (0.042%) Stateflow
11 7 (0.042%) TargetLink
12 5 (0.030%) SPSS
13 4 (0.024%) GIMP
13 4 (0.024%) Stata
14 3 (0.018%) Maya
14 3 (0.018%) NUKE
14 3 (0.018%) Weka
Business Applications
1 90 (0.54%) Magento
2 77 (0.47%) Distributed Ledger
3 35 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
4 30 (0.18%) Remedy ITSM
5 25 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
6 19 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
7 17 (0.10%) Documaker
7 17 (0.10%) Relativity
8 16 (0.097%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 14 (0.085%) Concordance
9 14 (0.085%) MetaTrader
10 13 (0.079%) Oracle BPM
11 11 (0.067%) Oracle Applications
11 11 (0.067%) Oracle EBS R12
12 8 (0.048%) ION MarketView
12 8 (0.048%) NetSuite
12 8 (0.048%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
12 8 (0.048%) Unit4 Business World
13 7 (0.042%) SAP Hybris
13 7 (0.042%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 4,807 (29.09%) Amazon AWS
2 2,586 (15.65%) Microsoft Azure
3 811 (4.91%) SaaS
4 710 (4.30%) Google Cloud Platform
5 659 (3.99%) AWS CloudFormation
6 650 (3.93%) Amazon EC2
7 564 (3.41%) GitHub
8 561 (3.40%) Office 365
9 508 (3.07%) Amazon S3
10 365 (2.21%) IaaS
11 358 (2.17%) Cloud Computing
12 295 (1.79%) Serverless
13 292 (1.77%) PaaS
14 264 (1.60%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 228 (1.38%) AWS Lambda
16 167 (1.01%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 156 (0.94%) Amazon ELB
18 154 (0.93%) Azure Active Directory
19 145 (0.88%) OpenShift
20 137 (0.83%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 1,504 (9.10%) Firewall
2 1,251 (7.57%) TCP/IP
3 1,043 (6.31%) DNS
4 589 (3.56%) SAN
5 576 (3.49%) VPN
6 551 (3.33%) Internet
7 544 (3.29%) HTTP
8 461 (2.79%) WAN
9 459 (2.78%) LAN
10 424 (2.57%) DHCP
11 417 (2.52%) Network Security
12 335 (2.03%) SSL
13 258 (1.56%) VLAN
14 241 (1.46%) VoIP
15 211 (1.28%) NAS
15 211 (1.28%) Wireless
16 189 (1.14%) Cisco ASA
17 182 (1.10%) Intrusion Detection
18 172 (1.04%) SSH
19 162 (0.98%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,492 (15.08%) MySQL
2 1,614 (9.77%) SQL Server
3 1,098 (6.64%) PostgreSQL
4 1,052 (6.37%) NoSQL
5 948 (5.74%) Big Data
6 933 (5.65%) Relational Database
7 896 (5.42%) MongoDB
8 626 (3.79%) Oracle Database
9 575 (3.48%) Hadoop
10 420 (2.54%) Redis
11 414 (2.51%) Amazon RDS
12 406 (2.46%) RDBMS
13 343 (2.08%) Blockchain
14 322 (1.95%) Apache Cassandra
15 257 (1.56%) Data Warehouse
16 243 (1.47%) Apache Hive
17 204 (1.23%) DB2
18 178 (1.08%) Oracle Database 11g
19 176 (1.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 155 (0.94%) HBase
Development Applications
1 3,034 (18.36%) Git (software)
2 2,523 (15.27%) Jenkins
3 1,368 (8.28%) JIRA
4 734 (4.44%) Subversion
5 590 (3.57%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 581 (3.52%) Maven
7 542 (3.28%) TeamCity
8 473 (2.86%) Selenium
9 412 (2.49%) JUnit
10 340 (2.06%) Octopus Deploy
11 308 (1.86%) Bitbucket
12 306 (1.85%) Vagrant
13 248 (1.50%) Cucumber
14 226 (1.37%) Eclipse
15 213 (1.29%) GitLab
16 200 (1.21%) Gradle
17 193 (1.17%) Team Foundation Server
18 171 (1.03%) Visual Studio
19 148 (0.90%) Sonatype Nexus
20 142 (0.86%) GoCD
General
1 3,080 (18.64%) Finance
2 1,146 (6.94%) Banking
3 667 (4.04%) Retail
4 507 (3.07%) Telecoms
5 462 (2.80%) Marketing
6 412 (2.49%) Investment Banking
7 346 (2.09%) Games
8 300 (1.82%) Financial Institution
9 297 (1.80%) Electronics
10 260 (1.57%) Advertising
11 242 (1.46%) Front Office
12 207 (1.25%) Law
13 179 (1.08%) Manufacturing
14 151 (0.91%) Legal
15 148 (0.90%) Automotive
16 115 (0.70%) Back Office
17 102 (0.62%) Publishing
18 84 (0.51%) French Language
19 74 (0.45%) German Language
20 58 (0.35%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 4,010 (24.27%) Developer
2 2,472 (14.96%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,458 (8.82%) Linux Engineer
4 1,172 (7.09%) Software Engineer
5 1,131 (6.84%) Administrator
6 1,120 (6.78%) Java Developer
7 980 (5.93%) Analyst
8 778 (4.71%) Senior Developer
9 763 (4.62%) Systems Administrator
10 739 (4.47%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 653 (3.95%) PHP Developer
12 652 (3.95%) Support Engineer
13 635 (3.84%) Linux/Unix DevOps
14 629 (3.81%) Software Developer
15 618 (3.74%) Cloud Engineer
16 603 (3.65%) AWS Engineer
17 601 (3.64%) Architect
18 593 (3.59%) Systems Engineer
19 592 (3.58%) Linux Administrator
20 532 (3.22%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,825 (11.04%) HTML
2 1,534 (9.28%) CSS
3 1,454 (8.80%) Web Services
4 947 (5.73%) .NET
5 934 (5.65%) Node.js
6 897 (5.43%) LAMP
7 857 (5.19%) Spring
8 766 (4.64%) REST
9 747 (4.52%) AngularJS
10 684 (4.14%) jQuery
11 626 (3.79%) XML
12 575 (3.48%) RESTful
13 560 (3.39%) HTML5
14 501 (3.03%) React
15 493 (2.98%) JSON
16 483 (2.92%) Middleware
17 450 (2.72%) Kafka
18 401 (2.43%) SOAP
19 400 (2.42%) Elastic Stack
20 383 (2.32%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 1,508 (9.13%) Computer Science
2 1,061 (6.42%) Analytical Skills
3 837 (5.07%) Linux Command Line
4 800 (4.84%) Data Centre
5 773 (4.68%) Fintech
6 577 (3.49%) Self-Motivation
7 431 (2.61%) Management Information System
8 417 (2.52%) Public Cloud
9 405 (2.45%) Algorithms
10 394 (2.38%) User Experience
11 390 (2.36%) Enterprise Software
12 335 (2.03%) Greenfield Project
13 312 (1.89%) Private Cloud
14 283 (1.71%) Mobile App
15 229 (1.39%) Replication
16 220 (1.33%) Equities
17 217 (1.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 212 (1.28%) Clustering
19 207 (1.25%) Hedge funds
20 200 (1.21%) Cyberthreat
Operating Systems
1 5,732 (34.69%) Windows
2 3,344 (20.24%) Unix
3 1,463 (8.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 1,454 (8.80%) Windows Server
5 1,038 (6.28%) CentOS
6 751 (4.54%) Ubuntu
7 453 (2.74%) Windows Server 2012
8 432 (2.61%) Solaris
9 425 (2.57%) Windows Server 2008
10 408 (2.47%) Android
11 376 (2.28%) Debian
12 308 (1.86%) Mac OS X
13 284 (1.72%) Apple iOS
14 252 (1.53%) AIX
15 236 (1.43%) Windows 10
16 218 (1.32%) Embedded Linux
17 199 (1.20%) Mac OS
18 189 (1.14%) Windows 7
19 117 (0.71%) VMS
20 113 (0.68%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,765 (28.84%) DevOps
2 4,660 (28.20%) Agile Software Development
3 2,441 (14.77%) Software Engineering
4 2,055 (12.44%) Problem-Solving
5 1,989 (12.04%) Continuous Integration
6 1,684 (10.19%) Configuration Management
7 1,531 (9.27%) Test Automation
8 1,413 (8.55%) Scrum
9 1,349 (8.16%) Open Source
10 1,336 (8.09%) ITIL
11 1,291 (7.81%) TDD
12 1,143 (6.92%) Infrastructure Engineering
13 968 (5.86%) Microservices
14 911 (5.51%) OO
15 841 (5.09%) SDLC
16 813 (4.92%) Analytics
17 794 (4.81%) MVC
18 763 (4.62%) Mentoring
19 741 (4.48%) Continuous Delivery
20 714 (4.32%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 5,619 (34.01%) Python
2 4,328 (26.19%) Java
3 3,926 (23.76%) SQL
4 2,822 (17.08%) JavaScript
5 2,491 (15.08%) Bash Shell
6 2,194 (13.28%) C++
7 1,731 (10.48%) PHP
8 1,586 (9.60%) Ruby
9 1,503 (9.10%) Perl
10 1,434 (8.68%) PowerShell
11 1,409 (8.53%) C
12 1,226 (7.42%) C#
13 1,068 (6.46%) Shell Script
14 550 (3.33%) Go
15 375 (2.27%) Java 8
16 374 (2.26%) Scala
17 329 (1.99%) PL/SQL
18 250 (1.51%) ES6
19 211 (1.28%) Groovy
20 191 (1.16%) Korn
Qualifications
1 2,401 (14.53%) Degree
2 757 (4.58%) Security Cleared
3 673 (4.07%) Computer Science Degree
4 539 (3.26%) Cisco Certification
5 471 (2.85%) CISSP
6 411 (2.49%) CCNA
7 378 (2.29%) Microsoft Certification
8 360 (2.18%) SC Cleared
9 349 (2.11%) DV Cleared
10 271 (1.64%) MCSE
11 218 (1.32%) AWS Certification
12 206 (1.25%) CCNP
13 172 (1.04%) Master's Degree
14 148 (0.90%) CISM
15 140 (0.85%) CompTIA Security+
16 138 (0.84%) RHCE
17 136 (0.82%) Numerate Degree
18 130 (0.79%) MCSA
19 128 (0.77%) GIAC
20 126 (0.76%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 720 (4.36%) QA
2 331 (2.00%) SLA
3 330 (2.00%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 306 (1.85%) GCP
5 186 (1.13%) PCI DSS
6 147 (0.89%) GDPR
7 92 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 45 (0.27%) Data Quality
9 41 (0.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 30 (0.18%) ISO 9001
11 27 (0.16%) PMO
12 24 (0.15%) MISRA
13 19 (0.11%) MiFID
13 19 (0.11%) MISRA C
14 18 (0.11%) Cyber Essentials
15 16 (0.097%) COBIT
15 16 (0.097%) ISO/IEC 20000
16 15 (0.091%) ECSS
17 12 (0.073%) ISO 22301
18 11 (0.067%) GPG13
System Software
1 2,988 (18.08%) Docker
2 1,593 (9.64%) Active Directory
3 1,483 (8.97%) VMware Infrastructure
4 614 (3.72%) Hyper-V
5 437 (2.64%) Virtual Machines
6 411 (2.49%) vSphere
7 343 (2.08%) VMware ESXi
8 167 (1.01%) KVM
9 164 (0.99%) HDFS
10 146 (0.88%) Oracle RAC
11 125 (0.76%) Firmware
12 124 (0.75%) Xen
13 112 (0.68%) VirtualBox
14 96 (0.58%) XenApp
15 91 (0.55%) Virtual Servers
16 86 (0.52%) Apache Flume
16 86 (0.52%) NFS
17 79 (0.48%) iptables
17 79 (0.48%) Virtual Desktop
18 65 (0.39%) Samba
Systems Management
1 2,830 (17.13%) Puppet
2 2,794 (16.91%) Ansible
3 2,008 (12.15%) Opscode Chef
4 1,576 (9.54%) Kubernetes
5 1,186 (7.18%) Terraform
6 475 (2.87%) Nagios
7 374 (2.26%) Salt
8 236 (1.43%) ZABBIX
9 228 (1.38%) Docker Swarm
10 194 (1.17%) SCCM
11 186 (1.13%) Kibana
12 172 (1.04%) Packer
13 140 (0.85%) logstash
14 129 (0.78%) Grafana
15 128 (0.77%) vCenter Server
16 127 (0.77%) Prometheus
17 119 (0.72%) HAProxy
18 117 (0.71%) Graphite
19 115 (0.70%) SCOM
20 109 (0.66%) Rancher
Vendors
1 2,321 (14.05%) VMware
2 1,990 (12.04%) Microsoft
3 1,941 (11.75%) Oracle
4 1,736 (10.51%) Red Hat
5 997 (6.03%) Cisco
6 778 (4.71%) Google
7 482 (2.92%) Splunk
8 437 (2.64%) Citrix
9 393 (2.38%) IBM
10 391 (2.37%) HP
11 289 (1.75%) Atlassian
12 285 (1.72%) New Relic
13 241 (1.46%) SAP
14 223 (1.35%) EMC
14 223 (1.35%) Sybase
15 219 (1.33%) NetApp
16 204 (1.23%) WorldPay
17 200 (1.21%) ServiceNow
18 197 (1.19%) Juniper
19 193 (1.17%) SaltStack