Period
to 19 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 19 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
19 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 22 18 16
Rank change year-on-year -4 -2 0
Permanent jobs citing Linux 10,701 14,754 17,412
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 9.30% 10.53% 10.68%
As % of the Operating Systems category 41.28% 45.11% 43.64%
Number of salaries quoted 8,310 11,986 14,105
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 25,926 32,710 39,898
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 22.53% 23.35% 24.48%
Number of salaries quoted 20,914 26,363 32,774
England median annual salary £45,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £25,000 £25,750 £25,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £78,750 £75,000
UK median annual salary £45,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +1.88%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Linux in England.

Salary trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 19 January 2020.

Salary histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 19 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -7 4,432 £67,500 +3.85% 792
South East -3 2,358 £47,500 -1.04% 483
North of England -7 1,239 £47,500 +5.56% 396
South West -1 1,095 £45,000 +5.88% 280
Midlands +4 818 £45,000 +4.05% 225
North West -7 743 £50,000 +11.11% 231
East of England +3 736 £47,500 -8.65% 307
West Midlands +7 565 £45,000 +4.05% 140
Yorkshire -7 406 £50,000 +8.70% 110
East Midlands -9 251 £45,000 - 85
North East -8 90 £37,500 -16.67% 55
South Coast +1 2 £67,500 +12.50%
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 19 January 2020, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 3,883 (36.29%) Windows
2 3,617 (33.80%) Python
3 3,173 (29.65%) AWS
4 3,017 (28.19%) DevOps
5 2,947 (27.54%) Agile Software Development
6 2,436 (22.76%) Java
7 2,353 (21.99%) Docker
8 2,241 (20.94%) SQL
9 2,020 (18.88%) Unix
10 2,001 (18.70%) Finance
11 1,980 (18.50%) Azure
12 1,824 (17.05%) Ansible
13 1,755 (16.40%) Software Engineering
14 1,751 (16.36%) Git (software)
15 1,683 (15.73%) Kubernetes
16 1,648 (15.40%) JavaScript
17 1,534 (14.34%) Bash Shell
18 1,451 (13.56%) Microsoft
19 1,399 (13.07%) Jenkins
20 1,395 (13.04%) Puppet
21 1,358 (12.69%) VMware
22 1,337 (12.49%) Problem-Solving
23 1,317 (12.31%) MySQL
24 1,307 (12.21%) Degree
25 1,293 (12.08%) C++
26 1,152 (10.77%) Terraform
27 1,110 (10.37%) Firewall
28 1,107 (10.34%) PHP
29 1,084 (10.13%) Oracle
30 1,081 (10.10%) Windows Server

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 662 (6.19%) Apache
2 353 (3.30%) IIS
3 321 (3.00%) Tomcat
4 316 (2.95%) Elasticsearch
5 302 (2.82%) Apache Spark
6 260 (2.43%) nginx
7 244 (2.28%) Confluence
8 179 (1.67%) MS Exchange
9 167 (1.56%) OpenStack
10 148 (1.38%) SharePoint
11 136 (1.27%) JBoss
12 87 (0.81%) WordPress
13 83 (0.78%) WebSphere
14 79 (0.74%) WebLogic
15 68 (0.64%) CMS
16 50 (0.47%) Drupal
17 48 (0.45%) Apache Solr
18 44 (0.41%) Exchange Server 2010
19 42 (0.39%) Apache Airflow
20 36 (0.34%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 208 (1.94%) Microsoft Office
2 74 (0.69%) Microsoft Excel
3 49 (0.46%) MS Visio
4 33 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 26 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
6 11 (0.10%) Photoshop
6 11 (0.10%) Simulink
7 9 (0.084%) Microsoft Project
7 9 (0.084%) Sketch
8 8 (0.075%) NUKE
9 7 (0.065%) Maya
10 4 (0.037%) Chatbot
11 3 (0.028%) Acrobat
11 3 (0.028%) Adobe Illustrator
11 3 (0.028%) HipChat
11 3 (0.028%) InDesign
11 3 (0.028%) PlantUML
11 3 (0.028%) Windchill
12 2 (0.019%) 3ds Max
12 2 (0.019%) LightWave 3D
Business Applications
1 34 (0.32%) Oracle EBS
2 28 (0.26%) Magento
3 25 (0.23%) Oracle ERP
4 19 (0.18%) Oracle Applications
5 17 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
6 14 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
7 13 (0.12%) Documaker
8 12 (0.11%) Salerio
9 11 (0.10%) Oracle EBS R12
9 11 (0.10%) SAP CRM
10 10 (0.093%) CiviCRM
10 10 (0.093%) GoldMine
10 10 (0.093%) R3 Corda
10 10 (0.093%) SAP S/4HANA
11 9 (0.084%) BusinessWorks
11 9 (0.084%) Shopify
12 8 (0.075%) Eikon
12 8 (0.075%) Remedy ITSM
13 7 (0.065%) Salesforce.com CRM
14 6 (0.056%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 3,173 (29.65%) AWS
2 1,980 (18.50%) Azure
3 831 (7.77%) GCP
4 490 (4.58%) Office 365
5 485 (4.53%) SaaS
6 354 (3.31%) AWS CloudFormation
7 341 (3.19%) IaaS
8 314 (2.93%) GitHub
9 308 (2.88%) PaaS
10 267 (2.50%) Amazon EC2
11 234 (2.19%) Amazon S3
12 230 (2.15%) Cloud Computing
13 223 (2.08%) Serverless
14 186 (1.74%) OpenShift
15 179 (1.67%) AWS Lambda
16 128 (1.20%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 109 (1.02%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 100 (0.93%) Amazon ECS
19 96 (0.90%) Azure Active Directory
20 76 (0.71%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 1,110 (10.37%) Firewall
2 845 (7.90%) TCP/IP
3 666 (6.22%) DNS
4 395 (3.69%) VPN
5 392 (3.66%) WAN
6 376 (3.51%) LAN
7 351 (3.28%) DHCP
8 350 (3.27%) Internet
9 284 (2.65%) SAN
10 257 (2.40%) HTTP
11 218 (2.04%) Network Security
12 190 (1.78%) Wireless
13 152 (1.42%) BGP
14 151 (1.41%) VLAN
15 147 (1.37%) SSL
16 144 (1.35%) OSPF
17 136 (1.27%) VoIP
18 109 (1.02%) MPLS
19 105 (0.98%) Wireshark
20 96 (0.90%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,317 (12.31%) MySQL
2 965 (9.02%) SQL Server
3 637 (5.95%) PostgreSQL
4 515 (4.81%) Big Data
5 502 (4.69%) NoSQL
6 411 (3.84%) Relational Database
7 409 (3.82%) MongoDB
8 308 (2.88%) Hadoop
9 256 (2.39%) Oracle Database
10 242 (2.26%) Amazon RDS
11 192 (1.79%) Redis
12 157 (1.47%) Apache Hive
13 156 (1.46%) Data Warehouse
14 144 (1.35%) RDBMS
15 143 (1.34%) Apache Cassandra
16 107 (1.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 106 (0.99%) MariaDB
18 89 (0.83%) Blockchain
19 65 (0.61%) DB2
20 59 (0.55%) SAP HANA
Development Applications
1 1,751 (16.36%) Git (software)
2 1,399 (13.07%) Jenkins
3 771 (7.20%) JIRA
4 256 (2.39%) Subversion
5 229 (2.14%) GitLab
6 217 (2.03%) Bitbucket
7 216 (2.02%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 209 (1.95%) Selenium
9 201 (1.88%) Maven
10 195 (1.82%) TeamCity
11 142 (1.33%) Octopus Deploy
12 129 (1.21%) JUnit
13 118 (1.10%) Cucumber
14 108 (1.01%) JMeter
15 103 (0.96%) Sonatype Nexus
15 103 (0.96%) Vagrant
16 95 (0.89%) Artifactory
17 92 (0.86%) Visual Studio
18 91 (0.85%) Team Foundation Server
19 77 (0.72%) Gradle
General
1 2,001 (18.70%) Finance
2 473 (4.42%) Banking
3 426 (3.98%) Retail
4 419 (3.92%) Public Sector
5 408 (3.81%) Telecoms
6 316 (2.95%) Marketing
7 255 (2.38%) Electronics
8 218 (2.04%) Games
9 196 (1.83%) Manufacturing
10 155 (1.45%) Automotive
11 138 (1.29%) Front Office
12 115 (1.07%) Aerospace
13 97 (0.91%) Advertising
14 91 (0.85%) Law
15 90 (0.84%) Military
16 86 (0.80%) Legal
17 78 (0.73%) Financial Institution
18 76 (0.71%) Back Office
19 62 (0.58%) Investment Banking
20 47 (0.44%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,190 (20.47%) Developer
2 1,500 (14.02%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,056 (9.87%) Software Engineer
4 655 (6.12%) Analyst
5 575 (5.37%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 562 (5.25%) Linux Engineer
7 520 (4.86%) Administrator
7 520 (4.86%) Support Engineer
8 475 (4.44%) Senior Developer
9 470 (4.39%) PHP Developer
10 467 (4.36%) Java Developer
11 425 (3.97%) Architect
12 377 (3.52%) AWS Engineer
13 355 (3.32%) Cloud Engineer
14 334 (3.12%) Systems Administrator
15 333 (3.11%) Junior
16 332 (3.10%) Software Developer
17 326 (3.05%) Consultant
18 307 (2.87%) Senior DevOps
19 293 (2.74%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 900 (8.41%) HTML
2 834 (7.79%) CSS
3 745 (6.96%) Web Services
4 575 (5.37%) Node.js
5 524 (4.90%) .NET
6 517 (4.83%) REST
7 467 (4.36%) Spring
8 463 (4.33%) LAMP
9 420 (3.92%) Kafka
10 408 (3.81%) AngularJS
11 395 (3.69%) RESTful
12 394 (3.68%) React
13 359 (3.35%) Elastic Stack
14 321 (3.00%) jQuery
15 316 (2.95%) XML
16 309 (2.89%) Laravel
17 292 (2.73%) HTML5
18 277 (2.59%) JSON
19 244 (2.28%) Middleware
20 233 (2.18%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 837 (7.82%) Analytical Skills
2 645 (6.03%) Data Centre
3 453 (4.23%) Linux Command Line
4 448 (4.19%) Public Cloud
5 388 (3.63%) Self-Motivation
6 387 (3.62%) Management Information System
7 315 (2.94%) Greenfield Project
8 271 (2.53%) User Experience
9 255 (2.38%) Algorithms
10 202 (1.89%) Mobile App
11 175 (1.64%) Hedge funds
12 171 (1.60%) Enterprise Software
13 170 (1.59%) Replication
14 162 (1.51%) Private Cloud
15 158 (1.48%) Clustering
16 138 (1.29%) Embedded Systems
17 130 (1.21%) Data Structures
18 127 (1.19%) Hybrid Cloud
19 120 (1.12%) Fixed Income
20 113 (1.06%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 3,883 (36.29%) Windows
2 2,020 (18.88%) Unix
3 1,081 (10.10%) Windows Server
4 729 (6.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 639 (5.97%) CentOS
6 393 (3.67%) Ubuntu
7 319 (2.98%) Windows Server 2012
8 286 (2.67%) Android
9 235 (2.20%) Apple iOS
10 213 (1.99%) Windows Server 2008
11 201 (1.88%) Debian
12 197 (1.84%) Solaris
13 183 (1.71%) Windows 10
14 176 (1.64%) Windows 7
15 173 (1.62%) Mac OS X
16 148 (1.38%) Mac OS
17 140 (1.31%) Embedded Linux
18 95 (0.89%) AIX
19 76 (0.71%) Windows 8
20 70 (0.65%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,017 (28.19%) DevOps
2 2,947 (27.54%) Agile Software Development
3 1,755 (16.40%) Software Engineering
4 1,337 (12.49%) Problem-Solving
5 951 (8.89%) Configuration Management
6 923 (8.63%) Continuous Integration
7 913 (8.53%) Test Automation
8 896 (8.37%) Computer Science
9 842 (7.87%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 808 (7.55%) ITIL
11 785 (7.34%) Open Source
12 769 (7.19%) Scrum
13 743 (6.94%) Microservices
14 739 (6.91%) OO
15 714 (6.67%) TDD
16 693 (6.48%) Cybersecurity
17 660 (6.17%) Mentoring
18 625 (5.84%) Fintech
19 583 (5.45%) Infrastructure as Code
20 560 (5.23%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 3,617 (33.80%) Python
2 2,436 (22.76%) Java
3 2,241 (20.94%) SQL
4 1,648 (15.40%) JavaScript
5 1,534 (14.34%) Bash Shell
6 1,293 (12.08%) C++
7 1,107 (10.34%) PHP
8 1,013 (9.47%) PowerShell
9 937 (8.76%) C
10 825 (7.71%) C#
11 768 (7.18%) Ruby
12 612 (5.72%) Perl
13 520 (4.86%) Shell Script
14 489 (4.57%) Go
15 195 (1.82%) PL/SQL
16 191 (1.78%) Java 8
17 189 (1.77%) Scala
18 112 (1.05%) TypeScript
19 104 (0.97%) PHP 7
20 93 (0.87%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1,307 (12.21%) Degree
2 692 (6.47%) Security Cleared
3 431 (4.03%) Computer Science Degree
4 429 (4.01%) SC Cleared
5 335 (3.13%) Cisco Certification
6 266 (2.49%) Microsoft Certification
7 255 (2.38%) CCNA
8 224 (2.09%) DV Cleared
9 186 (1.74%) CISSP
10 184 (1.72%) CCNP
11 177 (1.65%) MCSE
12 119 (1.11%) AWS Certification
13 107 (1.00%) RHCE
14 84 (0.78%) MCP
15 82 (0.77%) MCSA
16 75 (0.70%) CISM
17 73 (0.68%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
18 70 (0.65%) GIAC
19 66 (0.62%) Master's Degree
20 62 (0.58%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 614 (5.74%) QA
2 298 (2.78%) SLA
3 200 (1.87%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 92 (0.86%) GDPR
5 79 (0.74%) PCI DSS
6 49 (0.46%) Data Quality
7 43 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 39 (0.36%) NIST
9 27 (0.25%) Cyber Essentials
10 20 (0.19%) ISO 9001
11 15 (0.14%) IFRS
12 13 (0.12%) NCSC
13 9 (0.084%) PSD2
14 8 (0.075%) HIPAA
15 7 (0.065%) ISO 22301
15 7 (0.065%) ISO 26262
16 6 (0.056%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
16 6 (0.056%) HMG Infosec
16 6 (0.056%) HMG Security Policy Framework
16 6 (0.056%) JSP 440
System Software
1 2,353 (21.99%) Docker
2 940 (8.78%) Active Directory
3 815 (7.62%) VMware Infrastructure
4 318 (2.97%) Hyper-V
5 239 (2.23%) VMware ESXi
6 224 (2.09%) vSphere
7 200 (1.87%) Virtual Machines
8 128 (1.20%) XenApp
9 113 (1.06%) Firmware
10 83 (0.78%) NFS
11 73 (0.68%) Virtual Servers
12 71 (0.66%) HDFS
13 62 (0.58%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 61 (0.57%) Xen
15 60 (0.56%) KVM
16 54 (0.50%) XenDesktop
17 42 (0.39%) Apache Flume
18 41 (0.38%) VirtualBox
19 37 (0.35%) VMware NSX
20 33 (0.31%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 1,824 (17.05%) Ansible
2 1,683 (15.73%) Kubernetes
3 1,395 (13.04%) Puppet
4 1,152 (10.77%) Terraform
5 910 (8.50%) Opscode Chef
6 250 (2.34%) SCCM
7 244 (2.28%) Nagios
8 187 (1.75%) Grafana
9 183 (1.71%) Packer
10 160 (1.50%) Prometheus
11 146 (1.36%) Salt
12 144 (1.35%) SCOM
13 134 (1.25%) Docker Swarm
14 131 (1.22%) ZABBIX
15 118 (1.10%) Consul
16 101 (0.94%) Kibana
17 98 (0.92%) Mesos
18 94 (0.88%) Nessus
19 85 (0.79%) WSUS
20 76 (0.71%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 1,451 (13.56%) Microsoft
2 1,358 (12.69%) VMware
3 1,084 (10.13%) Oracle
4 903 (8.44%) Red Hat
5 641 (5.99%) Cisco
6 531 (4.96%) Google
7 325 (3.04%) Citrix
8 321 (3.00%) Splunk
9 265 (2.48%) IBM
10 245 (2.29%) HP
11 229 (2.14%) SAP
12 213 (1.99%) Atlassian
13 178 (1.66%) Juniper
14 160 (1.50%) NetApp
15 150 (1.40%) WorldPay
16 135 (1.26%) Zend
17 127 (1.19%) Dell
18 126 (1.18%) ServiceNow
19 124 (1.16%) SolarWinds
20 110 (1.03%) EMC