Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 31 26 23
Rank change year-on-year -5 -3 -4
Permanent jobs citing Linux 12,941 8,750 6,813
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 8.53% 9.15% 9.36%
As % of the Operating Systems category 46.58% 48.95% 43.95%
Number of salaries quoted 6,003 6,014 5,558
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,784 £55,000
% change year-on-year +7.56% +1.43% +4.76%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 27,782 17,877 15,501
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 18.30% 18.70% 21.29%
Number of salaries quoted 15,092 13,169 12,855
10th Percentile £26,250 £27,500 £27,250
25th Percentile £35,500 £36,750 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £71,250 £68,750 £66,500
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Linux in England.

Salary trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -7 6,213 £75,000 - 465
South East +4 2,396 £52,500 +5.00% 225
North of England -8 1,587 £52,500 +5.00% 191
South West -2 1,164 £55,000 +15.79% 129
Midlands -14 769 £52,500 +10.53% 134
North West -14 751 £52,500 +5.00% 90
East of England -3 693 £57,000 +8.57% 156
Yorkshire -2 642 £52,500 +5.00% 72
West Midlands -18 451 £52,500 +5.00% 87
East Midlands -7 317 £55,000 +22.22% 47
North East -5 197 £40,000 -20.00% 29
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 5,157 (39.85%) Python
2 4,863 (37.58%) AWS
3 4,176 (32.27%) Agile
4 4,001 (30.92%) DevOps
5 3,748 (28.96%) Windows
6 3,545 (27.39%) Docker
7 3,383 (26.14%) Software Engineering
8 3,382 (26.13%) Kubernetes
9 3,265 (25.23%) Azure
10 3,029 (23.41%) Finance
11 2,991 (23.11%) Java
12 2,946 (22.76%) SQL
13 2,940 (22.72%) CI/CD
14 2,804 (21.67%) Social Skills
15 2,570 (19.86%) Git (software)
16 2,455 (18.97%) Degree
17 2,403 (18.57%) Terraform
18 2,274 (17.57%) Ansible
19 2,057 (15.90%) C++
20 2,040 (15.76%) Unix
21 2,036 (15.73%) Jenkins
22 2,032 (15.70%) JavaScript
23 1,945 (15.03%) Problem-Solving
24 1,827 (14.12%) Computer Science
25 1,823 (14.09%) Bash
26 1,660 (12.83%) GCP
27 1,586 (12.26%) Infrastructure as Code
28 1,475 (11.40%) Test Automation
29 1,423 (11.00%) C
30 1,391 (10.75%) MySQL

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 733 (5.66%) Apache
2 419 (3.24%) Confluence
3 376 (2.91%) Tomcat
4 335 (2.59%) IIS
5 285 (2.20%) Apache Spark
6 251 (1.94%) nginx
7 225 (1.74%) OpenStack
8 217 (1.68%) JBoss
9 198 (1.53%) SharePoint
10 162 (1.25%) WebLogic
11 114 (0.88%) WordPress
12 99 (0.77%) GeoServer
13 98 (0.76%) Apache Airflow
14 88 (0.68%) WebSphere
15 84 (0.65%) Jetty
15 84 (0.65%) MS Exchange
16 66 (0.51%) Tornado
17 63 (0.49%) Apache Solr
18 56 (0.43%) CMS
19 52 (0.40%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 228 (1.76%) Microsoft Office
2 95 (0.73%) Microsoft Excel
3 61 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 50 (0.39%) MS Visio
5 24 (0.19%) InVision
5 24 (0.19%) Sketch
5 24 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
6 22 (0.17%) OmniGraffle
7 10 (0.077%) Campfire
7 10 (0.077%) Revit
7 10 (0.077%) Simulink
7 10 (0.077%) SOLIDWORKS
8 9 (0.070%) Maple
9 8 (0.062%) Maya
10 7 (0.054%) EngageOne
11 5 (0.039%) Houdini
11 5 (0.039%) Microsoft Project
11 5 (0.039%) NUKE
12 3 (0.023%) Abaqus
12 3 (0.023%) Blender
Business Applications
1 53 (0.41%) Temenos T24
2 52 (0.40%) Payment Gateway
3 46 (0.36%) Dynamics CRM
4 32 (0.25%) Magento
5 30 (0.23%) Fidessa
6 29 (0.22%) Oracle EBS R12
7 22 (0.17%) WebTrends
8 20 (0.15%) R3 Corda
9 19 (0.15%) Oracle Payables
10 16 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
11 13 (0.10%) Ripple
11 13 (0.10%) Ripple XRP
12 11 (0.085%) Dynamics AX
12 11 (0.085%) Summit
13 8 (0.062%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
14 7 (0.054%) MetaTrader
15 6 (0.046%) Oracle Financials
16 5 (0.039%) Distributed Ledger
17 4 (0.031%) Oracle Utilities
17 4 (0.031%) Sage X3
Cloud Services
1 4,863 (37.58%) AWS
2 3,265 (25.23%) Azure
3 1,660 (12.83%) GCP
4 833 (6.44%) Serverless
5 792 (6.12%) GitHub
6 719 (5.56%) SaaS
7 710 (5.49%) AWS CloudFormation
8 579 (4.47%) Microsoft 365
9 538 (4.16%) Amazon EC2
10 537 (4.15%) Azure DevOps
11 508 (3.93%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 504 (3.89%) AWS Lambda
13 502 (3.88%) OpenShift
14 449 (3.47%) Amazon S3
15 435 (3.36%) Cloud Computing
16 333 (2.57%) PaaS
17 324 (2.50%) IaaS
18 308 (2.38%) Amazon ECS
19 213 (1.65%) Amazon EKS
20 209 (1.62%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 1,100 (8.50%) Firewall
2 971 (7.50%) TCP/IP
3 866 (6.69%) HTTP
4 715 (5.53%) DNS
5 659 (5.09%) Wireless
6 439 (3.39%) VPN
7 418 (3.23%) Internet
8 362 (2.80%) DHCP
9 350 (2.70%) Network Security
10 277 (2.14%) WAN
11 244 (1.89%) SAN
12 242 (1.87%) LAN
13 219 (1.69%) SSL
14 157 (1.21%) Broadband
15 118 (0.91%) VoIP
16 113 (0.87%) VLAN
17 110 (0.85%) Wi-Fi
18 105 (0.81%) BGP
19 95 (0.73%) MQTT
20 89 (0.69%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,391 (10.75%) MySQL
2 1,288 (9.95%) PostgreSQL
3 745 (5.76%) SQL Server
4 677 (5.23%) Relational Database
5 586 (4.53%) NoSQL
6 568 (4.39%) Elasticsearch
7 517 (4.00%) MongoDB
8 469 (3.62%) Big Data
9 447 (3.45%) Redis
10 333 (2.57%) Oracle Database
11 326 (2.52%) Hadoop
12 242 (1.87%) Amazon RDS
13 236 (1.82%) Data Warehouse
14 208 (1.61%) DynamoDB
15 180 (1.39%) Apache Cassandra
16 178 (1.38%) BigQuery
17 174 (1.34%) RDBMS
18 147 (1.14%) Tableau
19 139 (1.07%) InfluxDB
20 138 (1.07%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 2,570 (19.86%) Git (software)
2 2,036 (15.73%) Jenkins
3 1,107 (8.55%) JIRA
4 678 (5.24%) GitLab
5 365 (2.82%) Bitbucket
6 346 (2.67%) Maven
7 328 (2.53%) TeamCity
8 271 (2.09%) JUnit
9 250 (1.93%) Travis CI
10 246 (1.90%) Octopus Deploy
11 243 (1.88%) Subversion
12 212 (1.64%) Selenium
13 170 (1.31%) Cucumber
14 158 (1.22%) Gradle
15 154 (1.19%) CircleCI
16 144 (1.11%) Team Foundation Server
17 140 (1.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 138 (1.07%) IBM UrbanCode
19 127 (0.98%) Mockito
20 120 (0.93%) webpack
General
1 3,029 (23.41%) Finance
2 2,804 (21.67%) Social Skills
3 1,091 (8.43%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 1,005 (7.77%) Analytical Skills
5 669 (5.17%) Banking
6 596 (4.61%) Games
7 523 (4.04%) Electronics
8 478 (3.69%) Retail
9 470 (3.63%) Telecoms
10 397 (3.07%) Marketing
11 373 (2.88%) Law
12 358 (2.77%) Public Sector
13 278 (2.15%) Manufacturing
14 244 (1.89%) Legal
15 200 (1.55%) Organisational Skills
16 174 (1.34%) Back Office
17 170 (1.31%) Advertising
18 161 (1.24%) Automotive
19 155 (1.20%) Financial Institution
20 149 (1.15%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 2,481 (19.17%) Developer
2 2,101 (16.24%) Software Engineer
3 1,835 (14.18%) DevOps Engineer
4 612 (4.73%) Embedded Engineer
5 585 (4.52%) Analyst
6 572 (4.42%) Senior DevOps
7 568 (4.39%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 560 (4.33%) Senior Developer
9 555 (4.29%) Embedded Software Engineer
10 551 (4.26%) Cloud Engineer
11 541 (4.18%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 508 (3.93%) Architect
13 453 (3.50%) Trainee
14 447 (3.45%) IT Technician
15 439 (3.39%) Software Developer
16 434 (3.35%) Java Developer
17 431 (3.33%) Network Technician
17 431 (3.33%) Trainee IT Technician
17 431 (3.33%) Trainee Technician
18 425 (3.28%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,027 (7.94%) CSS
2 1,007 (7.78%) React
3 999 (7.72%) HTML
4 892 (6.89%) REST
5 867 (6.70%) Kafka
6 771 (5.96%) .NET
7 745 (5.76%) Node.js
8 736 (5.69%) Spring
9 617 (4.77%) Web Services
10 614 (4.74%) Elastic Stack
11 578 (4.47%) RESTful
12 544 (4.20%) AngularJS
13 427 (3.30%) LAMP
14 426 (3.29%) Protocol Buffers
15 392 (3.03%) JSON
16 385 (2.98%) HTML5
17 384 (2.97%) XML
18 371 (2.87%) Vue.js
19 369 (2.85%) Laravel
20 367 (2.84%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 716 (5.53%) Linux Command Line
2 634 (4.90%) Algorithms
3 623 (4.81%) Public Cloud
4 591 (4.57%) Self-Motivation
5 580 (4.48%) User Experience
6 470 (3.63%) Data Centre
7 398 (3.08%) Management Information System
8 389 (3.01%) Cloud Native
9 377 (2.91%) Data Structures
10 300 (2.32%) IoT
11 254 (1.96%) Virtual Team
12 252 (1.95%) Cyberattack
13 234 (1.81%) Embedded Systems
14 226 (1.75%) Mobile App
15 211 (1.63%) Social Media
16 190 (1.47%) Sports Betting
17 189 (1.46%) Equities
18 179 (1.38%) Cyber Defence
19 174 (1.34%) Derivative
20 171 (1.32%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 3,748 (28.96%) Windows
2 2,040 (15.76%) Unix
3 854 (6.60%) Windows Server
4 758 (5.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 703 (5.43%) Ubuntu
6 573 (4.43%) CentOS
7 353 (2.73%) Android
8 261 (2.02%) Apple iOS
8 261 (2.02%) Embedded Linux
9 197 (1.52%) Solaris
9 197 (1.52%) Windows 10
10 191 (1.48%) Mac OS
11 176 (1.36%) Windows Server 2016
12 170 (1.31%) Debian
12 170 (1.31%) Windows Server 2012
13 129 (1.00%) Mac OS X
14 125 (0.97%) Mesosphere
15 124 (0.96%) Windows Server 2019
16 78 (0.60%) AIX
17 75 (0.58%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,176 (32.27%) Agile
2 4,001 (30.92%) DevOps
3 3,383 (26.14%) Software Engineering
4 2,940 (22.72%) CI/CD
5 1,945 (15.03%) Problem-Solving
6 1,827 (14.12%) Computer Science
7 1,586 (12.26%) Infrastructure as Code
8 1,475 (11.40%) Test Automation
9 1,367 (10.56%) Mentoring
10 1,344 (10.39%) Microservices
11 1,193 (9.22%) TDD
12 1,184 (9.15%) Continuous Integration
13 1,170 (9.04%) Configuration Management
14 1,061 (8.20%) Open Source
15 1,044 (8.07%) Scrum
16 1,038 (8.02%) Software Testing
17 933 (7.21%) Analytics
18 893 (6.90%) Full Stack Development
19 870 (6.72%) Infrastructure Engineering
20 846 (6.54%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 5,157 (39.85%) Python
2 2,991 (23.11%) Java
3 2,946 (22.76%) SQL
4 2,057 (15.90%) C++
5 2,032 (15.70%) JavaScript
6 1,823 (14.09%) Bash
7 1,423 (11.00%) C
8 1,240 (9.58%) PowerShell
9 1,120 (8.65%) C#
10 962 (7.43%) Go
11 875 (6.76%) Shell Script
12 846 (6.54%) PHP
13 629 (4.86%) Ruby
14 627 (4.85%) Perl
15 500 (3.86%) TypeScript
16 340 (2.63%) Scala
17 250 (1.93%) T-SQL
18 233 (1.80%) Groovy
19 208 (1.61%) Rust
20 191 (1.48%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 2,455 (18.97%) Degree
2 1,005 (7.77%) Security Cleared
3 848 (6.55%) Computer Science Degree
4 676 (5.22%) Cisco Certification
5 655 (5.06%) SC Cleared
6 620 (4.79%) CCNA
7 450 (3.48%) Network+ Certification
8 439 (3.39%) A+ Certification
9 434 (3.35%) Linux+ Certification
10 200 (1.55%) DV Cleared
11 165 (1.28%) Master's Degree
12 159 (1.23%) Microsoft Certification
13 152 (1.17%) AWS Certification
14 131 (1.01%) CISSP
14 131 (1.01%) PhD
15 87 (0.67%) MCSE
16 83 (0.64%) ISTQB
17 74 (0.57%) CCNP
18 63 (0.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
19 59 (0.46%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 732 (5.66%) QA
2 242 (1.87%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 227 (1.75%) SLA
4 156 (1.21%) PCI DSS
5 146 (1.13%) GDPR
6 118 (0.91%) Accessibility
7 58 (0.45%) Data Quality
8 49 (0.38%) SOC 2
9 48 (0.37%) MISRA
10 47 (0.36%) NIST
11 41 (0.32%) Cyber Essentials
12 38 (0.29%) Def Stans
13 37 (0.29%) ISO 13485
14 34 (0.26%) IEC 62304
14 34 (0.26%) PMO
15 30 (0.23%) ISO 9001
16 26 (0.20%) NCSC
17 23 (0.18%) SOC 1
18 22 (0.17%) HIPAA
19 21 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 3,545 (27.39%) Docker
2 750 (5.80%) Active Directory
3 746 (5.76%) VMware Infrastructure
4 323 (2.50%) Virtual Machines
5 240 (1.85%) Firmware
6 175 (1.35%) vSphere
7 164 (1.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 162 (1.25%) VMware ESXi
9 157 (1.21%) Hyper-V
10 96 (0.74%) Oracle RAC
11 83 (0.64%) LXC
12 72 (0.56%) KVM
13 52 (0.40%) Virtual Servers
14 46 (0.36%) NFS
15 35 (0.27%) Xen
16 27 (0.21%) iptables
17 26 (0.20%) Virtual Desktop
18 24 (0.19%) Citrix Hypervisor
18 24 (0.19%) HDFS
18 24 (0.19%) zsh
Systems Management
1 3,382 (26.13%) Kubernetes
2 2,403 (18.57%) Terraform
3 2,274 (17.57%) Ansible
4 1,039 (8.03%) Puppet
5 710 (5.49%) Opscode Chef
6 696 (5.38%) Prometheus
7 516 (3.99%) Grafana
8 216 (1.67%) Kibana
9 200 (1.55%) Consul
10 138 (1.07%) logstash
11 125 (0.97%) Automic
12 123 (0.95%) Packer
13 118 (0.91%) Istio
14 111 (0.86%) Nagios
15 107 (0.83%) Microsoft Intune
16 104 (0.80%) SCCM
17 102 (0.79%) vCenter Server
18 96 (0.74%) ZABBIX
19 83 (0.64%) Data Guard
20 73 (0.56%) Rancher
Vendors
1 1,390 (10.74%) Microsoft
2 1,246 (9.63%) Oracle
3 1,087 (8.40%) VMware
4 917 (7.09%) Red Hat
5 900 (6.95%) Cisco
6 833 (6.44%) Google
7 587 (4.54%) Splunk
8 195 (1.51%) IBM
9 193 (1.49%) Citrix
10 158 (1.22%) HP
11 154 (1.19%) Sun
12 149 (1.15%) Atlassian
13 143 (1.11%) Zend
14 136 (1.05%) Juniper
15 134 (1.04%) SAP
16 117 (0.90%) SolarWinds
17 115 (0.89%) AppDynamics
18 113 (0.87%) ServiceNow
19 112 (0.87%) SaltStack
20 99 (0.77%) F5