Period
to 2 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 2 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
2 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 21 18 16
Rank change year-on-year -3 -2 0
Permanent jobs citing Linux 6,788 14,084 17,440
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 9.33% 10.44% 10.58%
As % of the Operating Systems category 43.90% 45.39% 45.23%
Number of salaries quoted 5,837 11,682 14,571
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £86,250 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,000
% change year-on-year - +5.77% +4.00%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 15,464 31,029 38,561
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 21.25% 22.99% 23.38%
Number of salaries quoted 12,652 24,782 31,428
Median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £27,138 £25,750 £25,750
90th Percentile £81,250 £80,000 £76,325
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +2.22%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Linux in England.

Salary trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 2 July 2020.

Salary histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 2 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -6 2,919 £67,500 +3.85% 338
South East -1 1,423 £50,000 - 153
North of England -5 812 £50,000 +11.11% 156
South West -2 681 £45,000 - 126
Midlands +8 543 £47,500 +7.95% 78
North West +5 479 £50,000 +13.64% 91
East of England -7 406 £50,000 - 110
West Midlands +9 380 £47,500 +11.76% 54
Yorkshire -12 274 £50,000 +5.26% 49
East Midlands +3 156 £45,000 -2.70% 24
North East -16 59 £40,000 -15.79% 16
South Coast -1 1 - -
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 2 July 2020, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 2,400 (35.36%) Windows
2 2,360 (34.77%) Python
3 2,008 (29.58%) AWS
4 1,976 (29.11%) DevOps
5 1,769 (26.06%) Agile Software Development
6 1,608 (23.69%) Docker
7 1,509 (22.23%) Java
8 1,460 (21.51%) SQL
9 1,317 (19.40%) Azure
10 1,226 (18.06%) JavaScript
11 1,222 (18.00%) Finance
12 1,199 (17.66%) Git (software)
13 1,191 (17.55%) Unix
14 1,165 (17.16%) Kubernetes
15 1,144 (16.85%) Ansible
16 1,038 (15.29%) Bash Shell
17 1,014 (14.94%) Software Engineering
18 952 (14.02%) VMware
19 918 (13.52%) Microsoft
20 899 (13.24%) Terraform
21 889 (13.10%) Jenkins
22 852 (12.55%) MySQL
23 829 (12.21%) Problem-Solving
24 815 (12.01%) C++
25 789 (11.62%) PHP
26 726 (10.70%) PowerShell
27 725 (10.68%) Degree
28 671 (9.89%) Oracle
29 670 (9.87%) HTML
30 664 (9.78%) SQL Server

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 444 (6.54%) Apache
2 237 (3.49%) Confluence
3 218 (3.21%) Elasticsearch
4 204 (3.01%) Tomcat
5 132 (1.94%) IIS
6 130 (1.92%) OpenStack
7 129 (1.90%) Apache Spark
8 123 (1.81%) nginx
9 76 (1.12%) WebSphere
10 64 (0.94%) MS Exchange
11 58 (0.85%) WebLogic
12 54 (0.80%) SharePoint
13 49 (0.72%) JBoss
14 44 (0.65%) CMS
15 43 (0.63%) WordPress
16 39 (0.57%) Apache Solr
17 35 (0.52%) Cloud Foundry
18 29 (0.43%) SAS
19 26 (0.38%) Drupal
19 26 (0.38%) WildFly
Applications
1 91 (1.34%) Microsoft Office
2 76 (1.12%) Microsoft Excel
3 37 (0.55%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 26 (0.38%) MS Visio
5 10 (0.15%) Photoshop
6 7 (0.10%) Gliffy
7 4 (0.059%) Adobe Illustrator
7 4 (0.059%) Adobe XD
7 4 (0.059%) Spreadsheet
8 3 (0.044%) Adobe Premiere
8 3 (0.044%) Simulink
8 3 (0.044%) Windchill
9 2 (0.029%) Chatbot
9 2 (0.029%) Gephi
10 1 (0.015%) Abaqus
10 1 (0.015%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.015%) Avid Media Composer
10 1 (0.015%) Final Cut Pro
10 1 (0.015%) OrCAD
10 1 (0.015%) Siemens NX
Business Applications
1 40 (0.59%) Magento
2 18 (0.27%) Salerio
3 15 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
3 15 (0.22%) Remedy ITSM
4 10 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
4 10 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
5 7 (0.10%) SAP ERP
6 6 (0.088%) OpenCart
6 6 (0.088%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 6 (0.088%) SAP CRM
6 6 (0.088%) Sentinel
7 5 (0.074%) Dynamics NAV
7 5 (0.074%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 4 (0.059%) Dynamics AX
8 4 (0.059%) Eikon
8 4 (0.059%) Markit EDM
8 4 (0.059%) Oracle EBS
8 4 (0.059%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
9 3 (0.044%) Oracle EBS R12
10 2 (0.029%) Rolfe and Nolan
Cloud Services
1 2,008 (29.58%) AWS
2 1,317 (19.40%) Azure
3 523 (7.70%) GCP
4 352 (5.19%) SaaS
5 313 (4.61%) Office 365
6 218 (3.21%) PaaS
7 205 (3.02%) AWS CloudFormation
8 197 (2.90%) IaaS
9 196 (2.89%) Amazon EC2
10 194 (2.86%) Serverless
11 192 (2.83%) GitHub
12 141 (2.08%) Amazon S3
13 129 (1.90%) AWS Lambda
14 127 (1.87%) OpenShift
15 115 (1.69%) Cloud Computing
16 91 (1.34%) Azure Active Directory
17 79 (1.16%) Amazon ECS
17 79 (1.16%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 77 (1.13%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 56 (0.82%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 640 (9.43%) Firewall
2 493 (7.26%) TCP/IP
3 370 (5.45%) DNS
4 247 (3.64%) SAN
5 220 (3.24%) VPN
6 206 (3.03%) Network Security
7 200 (2.95%) Internet
8 198 (2.92%) HTTP
9 196 (2.89%) WAN
10 186 (2.74%) DHCP
11 184 (2.71%) LAN
12 126 (1.86%) Wireless
13 121 (1.78%) VoIP
14 104 (1.53%) Wireshark
15 95 (1.40%) SSL
16 84 (1.24%) VLAN
17 77 (1.13%) MPLS
18 72 (1.06%) OSPF
19 70 (1.03%) Wi-Fi
20 69 (1.02%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 852 (12.55%) MySQL
2 664 (9.78%) SQL Server
3 423 (6.23%) NoSQL
4 348 (5.13%) PostgreSQL
5 328 (4.83%) MongoDB
6 272 (4.01%) Relational Database
7 259 (3.82%) Big Data
8 169 (2.49%) Redis
9 165 (2.43%) Hadoop
10 152 (2.24%) Amazon RDS
11 145 (2.14%) Oracle Database
12 114 (1.68%) RDBMS
13 102 (1.50%) Apache Cassandra
14 75 (1.10%) MariaDB
15 58 (0.85%) Data Warehouse
16 52 (0.77%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 52 (0.77%) Blockchain
17 47 (0.69%) Oracle Reports
18 41 (0.60%) DB2
19 40 (0.59%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 1,199 (17.66%) Git (software)
2 889 (13.10%) Jenkins
3 501 (7.38%) JIRA
4 186 (2.74%) GitLab
5 165 (2.43%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 136 (2.00%) Bitbucket
7 135 (1.99%) Selenium
8 122 (1.80%) Maven
9 116 (1.71%) Subversion
10 104 (1.53%) Sonatype Nexus
11 98 (1.44%) TeamCity
12 68 (1.00%) Vagrant
13 67 (0.99%) Artifactory
14 53 (0.78%) JUnit
15 46 (0.68%) Cucumber
15 46 (0.68%) Gradle
15 46 (0.68%) Visual Studio
16 44 (0.65%) PHPUnit
17 43 (0.63%) Octopus Deploy
17 43 (0.63%) SonarQube
General
1 1,222 (18.00%) Finance
2 287 (4.23%) Retail
3 221 (3.26%) Banking
4 191 (2.81%) Telecoms
5 141 (2.08%) Public Sector
6 122 (1.80%) Games
7 119 (1.75%) Marketing
8 107 (1.58%) Front Office
9 106 (1.56%) Law
10 87 (1.28%) Electronics
11 86 (1.27%) Legal
12 84 (1.24%) Manufacturing
13 77 (1.13%) Back Office
14 66 (0.97%) Aerospace
15 65 (0.96%) Automotive
15 65 (0.96%) Financial Institution
16 46 (0.68%) Advertising
17 44 (0.65%) Military
18 40 (0.59%) Investment Banking
19 16 (0.24%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,595 (23.50%) Developer
2 963 (14.19%) DevOps Engineer
3 558 (8.22%) Software Engineer
4 418 (6.16%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 395 (5.82%) Linux Engineer
6 378 (5.57%) Senior Developer
7 354 (5.22%) Analyst
8 328 (4.83%) Administrator
9 322 (4.74%) Java Developer
10 316 (4.66%) PHP Developer
11 268 (3.95%) Architect
12 262 (3.86%) AWS Engineer
13 253 (3.73%) Support Engineer
14 244 (3.59%) Cloud Engineer
15 222 (3.27%) Software Developer
16 208 (3.06%) Systems Administrator
17 192 (2.83%) Applications Support
18 187 (2.75%) Junior
19 179 (2.64%) Platform Engineer
20 178 (2.62%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 670 (9.87%) HTML
2 574 (8.46%) CSS
3 453 (6.67%) Web Services
4 426 (6.28%) Node.js
5 424 (6.25%) .NET
6 380 (5.60%) REST
7 281 (4.14%) RESTful
8 276 (4.07%) React
9 272 (4.01%) LAMP
10 265 (3.90%) jQuery
11 257 (3.79%) AngularJS
11 257 (3.79%) Spring
12 242 (3.57%) Kafka
13 225 (3.31%) XML
14 205 (3.02%) Elastic Stack
15 204 (3.01%) HTML5
16 198 (2.92%) SOAP
17 181 (2.67%) Middleware
18 175 (2.58%) Laravel
19 151 (2.22%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 492 (7.25%) Analytical Skills
2 412 (6.07%) Data Centre
3 317 (4.67%) Public Cloud
4 259 (3.82%) Linux Command Line
5 221 (3.26%) Self-Motivation
6 194 (2.86%) User Experience
7 166 (2.45%) Management Information System
8 163 (2.40%) Mobile App
9 150 (2.21%) Greenfield Project
10 134 (1.97%) Algorithms
11 101 (1.49%) Private Cloud
12 100 (1.47%) Data Structures
13 97 (1.43%) Cloud Native
14 85 (1.25%) PKI
15 81 (1.19%) Clustering
15 81 (1.19%) Hedge funds
16 79 (1.16%) Derivative
17 75 (1.10%) Enterprise Software
18 73 (1.08%) Fixed Income
18 73 (1.08%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 2,400 (35.36%) Windows
2 1,191 (17.55%) Unix
3 663 (9.77%) Windows Server
4 521 (7.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 448 (6.60%) CentOS
6 307 (4.52%) Ubuntu
7 215 (3.17%) Android
8 184 (2.71%) Apple iOS
9 165 (2.43%) Windows Server 2012
10 156 (2.30%) Solaris
11 136 (2.00%) Windows Server 2016
12 131 (1.93%) Debian
13 106 (1.56%) Mac OS
14 101 (1.49%) Windows 10
15 100 (1.47%) Windows Server 2008
16 97 (1.43%) Mac OS X
17 90 (1.33%) AIX
18 86 (1.27%) Embedded Linux
18 86 (1.27%) Windows 7
19 52 (0.77%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,976 (29.11%) DevOps
2 1,769 (26.06%) Agile Software Development
3 1,014 (14.94%) Software Engineering
4 829 (12.21%) Problem-Solving
5 593 (8.74%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 566 (8.34%) Configuration Management
6 566 (8.34%) Continuous Integration
7 536 (7.90%) Test Automation
8 503 (7.41%) Microservices
9 496 (7.31%) Open Source
10 460 (6.78%) Mentoring
11 450 (6.63%) Computer Science
12 441 (6.50%) ITIL
13 426 (6.28%) OO
13 426 (6.28%) TDD
14 413 (6.08%) Scrum
15 398 (5.86%) Infrastructure as Code
16 347 (5.11%) Fintech
17 343 (5.05%) Cybersecurity
18 301 (4.43%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,360 (34.77%) Python
2 1,509 (22.23%) Java
3 1,460 (21.51%) SQL
4 1,226 (18.06%) JavaScript
5 1,038 (15.29%) Bash Shell
6 815 (12.01%) C++
7 789 (11.62%) PHP
8 726 (10.70%) PowerShell
9 571 (8.41%) C#
10 565 (8.32%) C
11 397 (5.85%) Ruby
12 375 (5.52%) Perl
13 353 (5.20%) Go
14 272 (4.01%) Shell Script
15 158 (2.33%) PL/SQL
16 144 (2.12%) Java 8
17 143 (2.11%) Scala
18 117 (1.72%) Groovy
19 106 (1.56%) R
20 70 (1.03%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 725 (10.68%) Degree
2 499 (7.35%) Security Cleared
3 278 (4.10%) SC Cleared
4 239 (3.52%) Computer Science Degree
5 209 (3.08%) Cisco Certification
6 188 (2.77%) DV Cleared
7 132 (1.94%) CCNA
8 130 (1.92%) Microsoft Certification
9 105 (1.55%) CISSP
10 88 (1.30%) MCSE
11 82 (1.21%) CCNP
12 77 (1.13%) MCSA
13 71 (1.05%) AWS Certification
14 65 (0.96%) CISM
15 59 (0.87%) RHCE
15 59 (0.87%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
16 52 (0.77%) Master's Degree
17 48 (0.71%) CISA
18 41 (0.60%) ITIL Certification
19 36 (0.53%) CREST Certified
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 251 (3.70%) QA
2 160 (2.36%) SLA
3 144 (2.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 118 (1.74%) GDPR
5 64 (0.94%) PCI DSS
6 42 (0.62%) NIST
7 32 (0.47%) ISO 9001
8 30 (0.44%) Cyber Essentials
9 21 (0.31%) NCSC
10 17 (0.25%) NIST 800
11 14 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 8 (0.12%) COBIT
13 7 (0.10%) Government Security Classifications
13 7 (0.10%) HIPAA
13 7 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 6 (0.088%) Data Quality
15 5 (0.074%) AICPA
15 5 (0.074%) ISO 22301
16 4 (0.059%) BS25999
16 4 (0.059%) FINRA
System Software
1 1,608 (23.69%) Docker
2 646 (9.52%) VMware Infrastructure
3 556 (8.19%) Active Directory
4 235 (3.46%) Hyper-V
5 171 (2.52%) vSphere
6 124 (1.83%) VMware ESXi
7 118 (1.74%) Virtual Machines
8 60 (0.88%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 56 (0.82%) KVM
10 53 (0.78%) Virtual Servers
11 52 (0.77%) Firmware
12 39 (0.57%) XenApp
13 34 (0.50%) Xen
14 32 (0.47%) VirtualBox
15 30 (0.44%) NFS
16 24 (0.35%) LXC
16 24 (0.35%) vCloud
17 21 (0.31%) XenDesktop
18 19 (0.28%) Samba
19 17 (0.25%) Kamailio
Systems Management
1 1,165 (17.16%) Kubernetes
2 1,144 (16.85%) Ansible
3 899 (13.24%) Terraform
4 664 (9.78%) Puppet
5 418 (6.16%) Opscode Chef
6 134 (1.97%) Grafana
7 115 (1.69%) Prometheus
8 112 (1.65%) Nagios
9 110 (1.62%) SCCM
10 102 (1.50%) Packer
11 69 (1.02%) Docker Swarm
12 66 (0.97%) Salt
13 65 (0.96%) WSUS
14 61 (0.90%) Nessus
15 57 (0.84%) SCOM
16 56 (0.82%) ZABBIX
17 49 (0.72%) Mesos
18 45 (0.66%) Kibana
19 43 (0.63%) Graphite
20 37 (0.55%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 952 (14.02%) VMware
2 918 (13.52%) Microsoft
3 671 (9.89%) Oracle
4 620 (9.13%) Red Hat
5 403 (5.94%) Cisco
6 315 (4.64%) Google
7 217 (3.20%) HP
8 184 (2.71%) Splunk
9 153 (2.25%) IBM
10 142 (2.09%) Atlassian
11 111 (1.64%) Citrix
12 109 (1.61%) Juniper
13 102 (1.50%) SAP
14 100 (1.47%) Dell
15 80 (1.18%) NetApp
15 80 (1.18%) Sun
15 80 (1.18%) Zend
16 79 (1.16%) ServiceNow
17 73 (1.08%) F5
18 65 (0.96%) SolarWinds