Period
to 26 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 26 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
26 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 19 22 17
Rank change year-on-year +3 -5 -1
Permanent jobs citing Linux 4,825 12,012 15,740
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 9.61% 9.57% 10.51%
As % of the Operating Systems category 45.37% 41.88% 45.23%
Number of salaries quoted 4,618 9,872 13,384
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
10th Percentile £35,000 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £53,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% -1.87% +7.00%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 10,634 28,679 34,800
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 21.18% 22.86% 23.23%
Number of salaries quoted 8,898 23,078 28,290
Median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £27,629 £25,000 £25,500
90th Percentile £81,250 £80,000 £78,750
UK median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +5.56%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Linux in England.

Salary trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 26 November 2020.

Salary histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 26 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 1,994 £70,000 +3.70% 450
South East -1 881 £50,000 +5.26% 221
North of England -1 688 £48,500 +2.11% 273
South West -2 565 £47,500 +5.56% 148
Midlands +2 376 £50,000 +11.11% 126
North West +1 360 £49,000 +3.16% 169
West Midlands +1 270 £52,500 +16.67% 82
East of England 0 270 £54,000 +8.00% 164
Yorkshire -1 267 £47,500 -1.04% 70
East Midlands -1 104 £47,500 +5.56% 42
North East -1 61 £50,000 +33.33% 34
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 26 November 2020, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 1,806 (37.43%) Python
2 1,721 (35.67%) AWS
3 1,705 (35.34%) DevOps
4 1,424 (29.51%) Windows
5 1,299 (26.92%) Agile Software Development
6 1,250 (25.91%) Docker
7 1,019 (21.12%) Terraform
8 985 (20.41%) Kubernetes
9 972 (20.15%) Azure
10 950 (19.69%) Ansible
11 937 (19.42%) Java
12 932 (19.32%) SQL
13 896 (18.57%) Git (software)
14 815 (16.89%) Finance
15 755 (15.65%) JavaScript
16 736 (15.25%) Unix
17 728 (15.09%) Puppet
18 697 (14.45%) Jenkins
19 687 (14.24%) Bash Shell
20 686 (14.22%) Software Engineering
21 665 (13.78%) VMware
22 615 (12.75%) Microsoft
23 553 (11.46%) MySQL
24 538 (11.15%) C++
25 532 (11.03%) Degree
26 515 (10.67%) Problem-Solving
27 479 (9.93%) PHP
28 470 (9.74%) Configuration Management
29 463 (9.60%) PowerShell
30 457 (9.47%) HTML

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 249 (5.16%) Apache
2 197 (4.08%) Confluence
3 168 (3.48%) Elasticsearch
4 78 (1.62%) Apache Spark
5 76 (1.58%) nginx
6 67 (1.39%) IIS
7 55 (1.14%) MS Exchange
8 54 (1.12%) Tomcat
9 51 (1.06%) SharePoint
9 51 (1.06%) Skype for Business
10 43 (0.89%) OpenStack
11 40 (0.83%) WebLogic
12 33 (0.68%) Cloud Foundry
12 33 (0.68%) WordPress
13 29 (0.60%) CMS
13 29 (0.60%) WebSphere
14 22 (0.46%) JBoss
15 16 (0.33%) Exchange Server 2013
15 16 (0.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 16 (0.33%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 87 (1.80%) Microsoft Office
2 35 (0.73%) MS Visio
3 34 (0.70%) Microsoft Excel
4 8 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
4 8 (0.17%) Photoshop
5 5 (0.10%) Simulink
6 4 (0.083%) Adobe Illustrator
6 4 (0.083%) Fireworks
6 4 (0.083%) Inkscape
6 4 (0.083%) OrCAD
7 3 (0.062%) Adobe XD
8 2 (0.041%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.021%) Abaqus
9 1 (0.021%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.021%) SOLIDWORKS
9 1 (0.021%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 20 (0.41%) Magento
2 13 (0.27%) Sentinel
3 10 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
4 9 (0.19%) OpenCart
5 7 (0.15%) Shopify
6 6 (0.12%) FLEXCUBE
6 6 (0.12%) Remedy ITSM
6 6 (0.12%) Workfront
7 5 (0.10%) Dynamics CRM
7 5 (0.10%) JDE OneWorld
7 5 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
8 4 (0.083%) Oracle EBS
8 4 (0.083%) Quorum
9 3 (0.062%) Oracle 11i
9 3 (0.062%) Oracle EBS R12
9 3 (0.062%) Oracle ERP
9 3 (0.062%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 3 (0.062%) SAP Business One
10 1 (0.021%) Odoo
10 1 (0.021%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 1,721 (35.67%) AWS
2 972 (20.15%) Azure
3 348 (7.21%) GCP
4 266 (5.51%) AWS CloudFormation
5 217 (4.50%) Office 365
6 203 (4.21%) SaaS
7 182 (3.77%) GitHub
8 173 (3.59%) Serverless
9 159 (3.30%) Amazon EC2
10 156 (3.23%) IaaS
11 146 (3.03%) PaaS
12 132 (2.74%) AWS Lambda
13 113 (2.34%) Amazon S3
14 99 (2.05%) Azure Active Directory
15 92 (1.91%) Cloud Computing
16 91 (1.89%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 90 (1.87%) OpenShift
18 77 (1.60%) Amazon EKS
19 70 (1.45%) Route 53
20 61 (1.26%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 422 (8.75%) Firewall
2 356 (7.38%) TCP/IP
3 291 (6.03%) DNS
4 175 (3.63%) VPN
5 174 (3.61%) HTTP
6 170 (3.52%) WAN
7 158 (3.27%) DHCP
8 156 (3.23%) LAN
9 146 (3.03%) Network Security
10 131 (2.72%) Internet
11 114 (2.36%) SAN
12 112 (2.32%) Wireless
13 94 (1.95%) Wi-Fi
14 89 (1.84%) BGP
15 85 (1.76%) OSPF
16 84 (1.74%) SSL
17 78 (1.62%) SNMP
18 70 (1.45%) VoIP
19 69 (1.43%) SSH
20 62 (1.28%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 553 (11.46%) MySQL
2 377 (7.81%) SQL Server
3 331 (6.86%) PostgreSQL
4 267 (5.53%) NoSQL
5 204 (4.23%) MongoDB
6 168 (3.48%) Relational Database
7 141 (2.92%) Big Data
8 112 (2.32%) Amazon RDS
9 106 (2.20%) Redis
10 103 (2.13%) Oracle Database
11 84 (1.74%) Apache Cassandra
12 67 (1.39%) Hadoop
13 61 (1.26%) MariaDB
14 54 (1.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 50 (1.04%) RDBMS
16 49 (1.02%) Data Warehouse
17 39 (0.81%) Blockchain
18 35 (0.73%) Oracle Reports
19 34 (0.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 29 (0.60%) CouchDB
Development Applications
1 896 (18.57%) Git (software)
2 697 (14.45%) Jenkins
3 406 (8.41%) JIRA
4 282 (5.84%) GitLab
5 123 (2.55%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 121 (2.51%) Bitbucket
7 118 (2.45%) TeamCity
8 117 (2.42%) Selenium
9 85 (1.76%) Maven
10 81 (1.68%) Subversion
11 64 (1.33%) Octopus Deploy
12 50 (1.04%) JUnit
13 46 (0.95%) Sonatype Nexus
14 45 (0.93%) Artifactory
15 39 (0.81%) Oracle APEX
16 34 (0.70%) Team Foundation Server
17 33 (0.68%) Visual Studio Team System
18 31 (0.64%) Gerrit
18 31 (0.64%) Travis CI
19 30 (0.62%) Gradle
General
1 815 (16.89%) Finance
2 200 (4.15%) Public Sector
3 177 (3.67%) Telecoms
4 157 (3.25%) Banking
5 140 (2.90%) Law
6 136 (2.82%) Electronics
7 133 (2.76%) Marketing
8 118 (2.45%) Games
9 109 (2.26%) Retail
10 92 (1.91%) Front Office
10 92 (1.91%) Manufacturing
11 61 (1.26%) Back Office
12 52 (1.08%) Advertising
12 52 (1.08%) Financial Institution
13 47 (0.97%) Legal
14 29 (0.60%) Automotive
14 29 (0.60%) Investment Banking
15 26 (0.54%) Military
16 24 (0.50%) Aerospace
17 19 (0.39%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,033 (21.41%) DevOps Engineer
2 1,010 (20.93%) Developer
3 439 (9.10%) Linux Engineer
4 413 (8.56%) AWS Engineer
5 345 (7.15%) Software Engineer
6 332 (6.88%) AWS DevOps
7 316 (6.55%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 256 (5.31%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 231 (4.79%) Administrator
10 214 (4.44%) Senior Developer
11 207 (4.29%) PHP Developer
12 196 (4.06%) Senior DevOps
13 190 (3.94%) Cloud Engineer
14 187 (3.88%) Python Developer
15 181 (3.75%) Senior DevOps Engineer
16 174 (3.61%) Systems Administrator
17 165 (3.42%) Java Developer
18 164 (3.40%) Python Engineer
19 163 (3.38%) Analyst
20 161 (3.34%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 457 (9.47%) HTML
2 387 (8.02%) CSS
3 292 (6.05%) Node.js
4 236 (4.89%) .NET
5 235 (4.87%) Web Services
6 219 (4.54%) REST
7 188 (3.90%) Kafka
8 182 (3.77%) jQuery
9 179 (3.71%) React
10 158 (3.27%) Elastic Stack
11 148 (3.07%) AngularJS
12 147 (3.05%) RESTful
13 142 (2.94%) Spring
14 138 (2.86%) JSON
15 134 (2.78%) LAMP
16 133 (2.76%) HTML5
17 124 (2.57%) XML
18 119 (2.47%) Vue.js
19 114 (2.36%) Laravel
20 110 (2.28%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 326 (6.76%) Analytical Skills
2 253 (5.24%) Data Centre
3 191 (3.96%) Public Cloud
4 159 (3.30%) Self-Motivation
5 145 (3.01%) Linux Command Line
6 135 (2.80%) Greenfield Project
7 133 (2.76%) Management Information System
8 119 (2.47%) Algorithms
9 91 (1.89%) Hedge funds
10 80 (1.66%) Mobile App
11 73 (1.51%) Fixed Income
12 72 (1.49%) Cloud Native
13 67 (1.39%) PKI
14 65 (1.35%) Clustering
15 64 (1.33%) Equities
16 57 (1.18%) Replication
17 54 (1.12%) Data Structures
18 46 (0.95%) Embedded Systems
19 40 (0.83%) User Experience
20 39 (0.81%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1,424 (29.51%) Windows
2 736 (15.25%) Unix
3 420 (8.70%) CentOS
4 417 (8.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 374 (7.75%) Windows Server
6 252 (5.22%) Ubuntu
7 94 (1.95%) Debian
8 90 (1.87%) Solaris
9 88 (1.82%) Windows Server 2012
10 75 (1.55%) Windows Server 2016
11 71 (1.47%) Android
12 62 (1.28%) Mac OS X
13 59 (1.22%) Mac OS
14 51 (1.06%) Windows 10
15 49 (1.02%) AIX
16 47 (0.97%) Apple iOS
17 36 (0.75%) Windows 7
18 32 (0.66%) Oracle Linux
18 32 (0.66%) Windows Server 2008
19 28 (0.58%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,705 (35.34%) DevOps
2 1,299 (26.92%) Agile Software Development
3 686 (14.22%) Software Engineering
4 515 (10.67%) Problem-Solving
5 470 (9.74%) Configuration Management
6 435 (9.02%) Infrastructure as Code
7 428 (8.87%) Continuous Integration
8 381 (7.90%) Computer Science
9 377 (7.81%) Test Automation
10 374 (7.75%) Scrum
11 367 (7.61%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 335 (6.94%) Microservices
13 307 (6.36%) Open Source
14 293 (6.07%) TDD
15 278 (5.76%) Cybersecurity
16 270 (5.60%) OO
17 238 (4.93%) Fintech
18 236 (4.89%) ITIL
18 236 (4.89%) Mentoring
19 230 (4.77%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 1,806 (37.43%) Python
2 937 (19.42%) Java
3 932 (19.32%) SQL
4 755 (15.65%) JavaScript
5 687 (14.24%) Bash Shell
6 538 (11.15%) C++
7 479 (9.93%) PHP
8 463 (9.60%) PowerShell
9 348 (7.21%) C
10 316 (6.55%) Go
11 302 (6.26%) C#
12 271 (5.62%) Ruby
13 254 (5.26%) Shell Script
14 252 (5.22%) Perl
15 119 (2.47%) PL/SQL
16 89 (1.84%) TypeScript
17 76 (1.58%) T-SQL
18 72 (1.49%) Scala
19 70 (1.45%) Java 8
20 61 (1.26%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 532 (11.03%) Degree
2 390 (8.08%) Security Cleared
3 283 (5.87%) SC Cleared
4 195 (4.04%) Computer Science Degree
5 171 (3.54%) Cisco Certification
6 127 (2.63%) AWS Certification
7 117 (2.42%) Microsoft Certification
8 105 (2.18%) CCNA
9 88 (1.82%) DV Cleared
10 79 (1.64%) CCNP
11 72 (1.49%) MCSE
12 69 (1.43%) MCSA
13 45 (0.93%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 44 (0.91%) CISSP
15 43 (0.89%) Master's Degree
16 35 (0.73%) CCIE
16 35 (0.73%) PhD
17 32 (0.66%) RHCE
18 24 (0.50%) CREST Certified
18 24 (0.50%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 230 (4.77%) QA
2 111 (2.30%) SLA
3 97 (2.01%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 79 (1.64%) GDPR
5 52 (1.08%) NIST
6 36 (0.75%) PCI DSS
7 26 (0.54%) ISO 9001
8 15 (0.31%) Cyber Essentials
9 14 (0.29%) NIST 800
10 12 (0.25%) COBIT
11 9 (0.19%) PMO
12 8 (0.17%) HIPAA
13 6 (0.12%) NCSC
14 5 (0.10%) Dodd-Frank
14 5 (0.10%) EMIR
14 5 (0.10%) MiFID
15 3 (0.062%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 3 (0.062%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
15 3 (0.062%) JTAG
15 3 (0.062%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1,250 (25.91%) Docker
2 441 (9.14%) VMware Infrastructure
3 419 (8.68%) Active Directory
4 183 (3.79%) Hyper-V
5 111 (2.30%) vSphere
6 73 (1.51%) VMware ESXi
7 68 (1.41%) Virtual Machines
8 60 (1.24%) Firmware
9 41 (0.85%) Virtual Servers
10 35 (0.73%) KVM
11 33 (0.68%) Xen
12 30 (0.62%) VirtualBox
13 20 (0.41%) Oracle RAC
14 19 (0.39%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 18 (0.37%) LXC
16 15 (0.31%) Kamailio
16 15 (0.31%) NFS
17 14 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 14 (0.29%) Ceph
18 13 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 1,019 (21.12%) Terraform
2 985 (20.41%) Kubernetes
3 950 (19.69%) Ansible
4 728 (15.09%) Puppet
5 393 (8.15%) Opscode Chef
6 146 (3.03%) Grafana
7 124 (2.57%) Prometheus
8 116 (2.40%) Nagios
9 88 (1.82%) SCCM
10 66 (1.37%) ZABBIX
11 57 (1.18%) Graphite
12 47 (0.97%) Kibana
13 46 (0.95%) SCOM
14 44 (0.91%) WSUS
15 42 (0.87%) Data Guard
16 39 (0.81%) Oracle RMAN
17 37 (0.77%) Packer
18 32 (0.66%) logstash
18 32 (0.66%) Red Hat Satellite
19 29 (0.60%) Rancher
Vendors
1 665 (13.78%) VMware
2 615 (12.75%) Microsoft
3 438 (9.08%) Red Hat
4 393 (8.15%) Oracle
5 256 (5.31%) Cisco
6 230 (4.77%) Google
7 132 (2.74%) Splunk
8 116 (2.40%) SAP
9 106 (2.20%) Atlassian
10 90 (1.87%) HP
11 87 (1.80%) IBM
12 68 (1.41%) Citrix
13 54 (1.12%) Dell
14 52 (1.08%) Juniper
15 50 (1.04%) Veeam
16 49 (1.02%) Palo Alto
17 48 (0.99%) EMC
18 47 (0.97%) Zend
19 46 (0.95%) SaltStack
20 43 (0.89%) SolarWinds