Period
to 13 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 13 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
13 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 17 16 16
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Linux 15,578 18,195 19,521
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 10.50% 10.81% 11.19%
As % of the Operating Systems category 45.11% 43.88% 45.12%
Number of salaries quoted 12,602 14,635 16,436
England median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +1.01%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 34,531 41,467 43,264
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 23.27% 24.64% 24.79%
Number of salaries quoted 27,918 33,719 36,888
England median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - -
10th Percentile £25,750 £25,000 £25,000
90th Percentile £78,750 £75,000 £73,500
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +2.27%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Linux in England.

Salary trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 13 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 13 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 6,874 £65,000 +8.33% 1,001
South East 0 3,305 £49,000 +8.89% 461
North of England +3 1,994 £45,000 - 391
South West +5 1,306 £42,500 - 284
North West +7 1,140 £47,500 +5.56% 209
East of England -1 1,120 £52,500 +5.00% 297
Midlands +4 942 £42,500 +6.25% 207
Yorkshire -4 701 £45,000 +2.27% 148
West Midlands +2 580 £42,500 +6.25% 109
East Midlands +6 357 £43,150 +7.88% 96
North East +1 151 £45,000 +5.88% 34
South Coast - 4 - -
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 13 December 2018, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 5,732 (36.80%) Windows
2 5,506 (35.34%) Python
3 4,469 (28.69%) Amazon AWS
4 4,452 (28.58%) DevOps
5 4,308 (27.65%) Agile Software Development
6 4,088 (26.24%) Java
7 3,784 (24.29%) SQL
8 3,127 (20.07%) Unix
9 2,997 (19.24%) Docker
10 2,970 (19.07%) Finance
11 2,764 (17.74%) Git (software)
12 2,723 (17.48%) Ansible
13 2,582 (16.57%) Microsoft Azure
14 2,475 (15.89%) Bash Shell
15 2,469 (15.85%) Puppet
16 2,463 (15.81%) JavaScript
17 2,424 (15.56%) Jenkins
18 2,301 (14.77%) Software Engineering
19 2,276 (14.61%) Degree
20 2,199 (14.12%) MySQL
21 2,198 (14.11%) VMware
22 2,193 (14.08%) Microsoft
23 2,069 (13.28%) C++
24 1,787 (11.47%) Oracle
24 1,787 (11.47%) Continuous Integration
25 1,758 (11.29%) Kubernetes
26 1,722 (11.05%) Opscode Chef
27 1,711 (10.98%) Red Hat
28 1,685 (10.82%) PHP
29 1,668 (10.71%) HTML

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,270 (8.15%) Apache
2 631 (4.05%) Elasticsearch
3 581 (3.73%) Tomcat
4 549 (3.52%) Confluence
5 510 (3.27%) IIS
6 417 (2.68%) nginx
7 343 (2.20%) Apache Spark
8 316 (2.03%) OpenStack
9 301 (1.93%) MS Exchange
10 290 (1.86%) JBoss
11 241 (1.55%) SharePoint
12 205 (1.32%) WebLogic
12 205 (1.32%) WebSphere
13 193 (1.24%) CMS
14 165 (1.06%) WordPress
15 116 (0.74%) Apache Solr
16 91 (0.58%) Skype for Business
17 82 (0.53%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 79 (0.51%) Drupal
19 63 (0.40%) Exchange Server 2010
Applications
1 296 (1.90%) Microsoft Office
2 167 (1.07%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 105 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
4 66 (0.42%) MS Visio
5 47 (0.30%) Photoshop
6 31 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
7 22 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
8 14 (0.090%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 12 (0.077%) Weka
10 9 (0.058%) RoboHelp
10 9 (0.058%) Spreadsheet
11 8 (0.051%) HipChat
11 8 (0.051%) Simulink
12 3 (0.019%) Adobe Premiere
12 3 (0.019%) AutoCAD
12 3 (0.019%) Chatbot
12 3 (0.019%) GIMP
13 2 (0.013%) CATIA
13 2 (0.013%) Inkscape
13 2 (0.013%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 82 (0.53%) Magento
2 50 (0.32%) Distributed Ledger
3 39 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
4 36 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
5 35 (0.22%) Remedy ITSM
6 32 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
7 31 (0.20%) Oracle Applications
8 13 (0.083%) Relativity
9 12 (0.077%) Oracle BPM
10 11 (0.071%) Odoo
10 11 (0.071%) Oracle Retail
11 9 (0.058%) Concordance
11 9 (0.058%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 8 (0.051%) ION MarketView
13 6 (0.039%) Oracle Cash Management
13 6 (0.039%) Salerio
13 6 (0.039%) SAP Hybris
14 5 (0.032%) CiviCRM
14 5 (0.032%) Global One
14 5 (0.032%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 4,469 (28.69%) Amazon AWS
2 2,582 (16.57%) Microsoft Azure
3 891 (5.72%) Google Cloud Platform
4 671 (4.31%) SaaS
5 598 (3.84%) AWS CloudFormation
6 554 (3.56%) GitHub
7 518 (3.33%) Office 365
8 514 (3.30%) Amazon EC2
9 419 (2.69%) Cloud Computing
10 412 (2.64%) Amazon S3
11 308 (1.98%) PaaS
12 290 (1.86%) IaaS
13 250 (1.60%) Serverless
14 239 (1.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 201 (1.29%) AWS Lambda
16 195 (1.25%) Azure Active Directory
17 168 (1.08%) OpenShift
18 154 (0.99%) Amazon SQS
19 148 (0.95%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 95 (0.61%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 1,497 (9.61%) Firewall
2 1,079 (6.93%) TCP/IP
3 915 (5.87%) DNS
4 523 (3.36%) VPN
5 521 (3.34%) Internet
6 469 (3.01%) SAN
7 466 (2.99%) WAN
8 464 (2.98%) Network Security
9 462 (2.97%) LAN
10 426 (2.73%) DHCP
11 403 (2.59%) HTTP
12 275 (1.77%) VoIP
13 264 (1.69%) SSL
14 252 (1.62%) Wi-Fi
15 250 (1.60%) Wireless
16 237 (1.52%) VLAN
17 167 (1.07%) BGP
18 165 (1.06%) Intrusion Detection
19 145 (0.93%) SSH
20 131 (0.84%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,199 (14.12%) MySQL
2 1,530 (9.82%) SQL Server
3 955 (6.13%) PostgreSQL
4 908 (5.83%) Relational Database
5 907 (5.82%) NoSQL
6 823 (5.28%) Big Data
7 738 (4.74%) MongoDB
8 524 (3.36%) Oracle Database
9 500 (3.21%) Hadoop
10 388 (2.49%) Amazon RDS
11 347 (2.23%) RDBMS
12 321 (2.06%) Redis
13 308 (1.98%) Apache Cassandra
14 257 (1.65%) Data Warehouse
15 230 (1.48%) Apache Hive
16 213 (1.37%) Blockchain
17 191 (1.23%) MariaDB
18 178 (1.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 167 (1.07%) Oracle Database 11g
20 165 (1.06%) DB2
Development Applications
1 2,764 (17.74%) Git (software)
2 2,424 (15.56%) Jenkins
3 1,284 (8.24%) JIRA
4 654 (4.20%) Maven
5 615 (3.95%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 612 (3.93%) Subversion
7 572 (3.67%) TeamCity
8 426 (2.73%) Octopus Deploy
9 402 (2.58%) Selenium
10 314 (2.02%) JUnit
11 307 (1.97%) Bitbucket
12 246 (1.58%) GitLab
13 245 (1.57%) Vagrant
14 228 (1.46%) Visual Studio
15 220 (1.41%) Gradle
16 208 (1.34%) Team Foundation Server
17 199 (1.28%) Cucumber
18 181 (1.16%) Eclipse
19 171 (1.10%) Sonatype Nexus
20 135 (0.87%) Travis CI
General
1 2,970 (19.07%) Finance
2 923 (5.93%) Banking
3 551 (3.54%) Retail
4 501 (3.22%) Telecoms
5 430 (2.76%) Marketing
6 341 (2.19%) Games
7 296 (1.90%) Electronics
8 278 (1.78%) Investment Banking
9 254 (1.63%) Legal
10 250 (1.60%) Manufacturing
11 239 (1.53%) Front Office
12 190 (1.22%) Law
13 184 (1.18%) Advertising
14 149 (0.96%) Automotive
15 147 (0.94%) Financial Institution
16 124 (0.80%) Back Office
17 90 (0.58%) Publishing
18 67 (0.43%) Aerospace
19 66 (0.42%) French Language
20 60 (0.39%) German Language
Job Titles
1 3,461 (22.22%) Developer
2 2,335 (14.99%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,305 (8.38%) Linux Engineer
4 1,226 (7.87%) Software Engineer
5 1,142 (7.33%) Administrator
6 1,124 (7.22%) Analyst
7 1,056 (6.78%) Java Developer
8 786 (5.05%) Systems Administrator
9 720 (4.62%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 664 (4.26%) Support Engineer
11 636 (4.08%) Senior Developer
12 595 (3.82%) PHP Developer
13 569 (3.65%) AWS Engineer
14 567 (3.64%) Linux Administrator
15 558 (3.58%) Linux/Unix DevOps
16 557 (3.58%) Architect
17 517 (3.32%) Linux Systems Administrator
18 504 (3.24%) Support Analyst
19 502 (3.22%) Software Developer
20 493 (3.16%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,668 (10.71%) HTML
2 1,363 (8.75%) CSS
3 1,289 (8.27%) Web Services
4 934 (6.00%) Spring
5 847 (5.44%) Node.js
6 825 (5.30%) .NET
7 799 (5.13%) LAMP
8 731 (4.69%) AngularJS
9 665 (4.27%) jQuery
10 638 (4.10%) REST
11 591 (3.79%) XML
12 590 (3.79%) RESTful
13 556 (3.57%) HTML5
14 514 (3.30%) React
15 494 (3.17%) JSON
16 482 (3.09%) Elastic Stack
17 427 (2.74%) Kafka
18 415 (2.66%) Middleware
19 404 (2.59%) SOAP
20 335 (2.15%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 995 (6.39%) Analytical Skills
2 749 (4.81%) Linux Command Line
3 744 (4.78%) Data Centre
4 702 (4.51%) Fintech
5 556 (3.57%) Management Information System
6 474 (3.04%) Self-Motivation
7 414 (2.66%) Public Cloud
8 359 (2.30%) Greenfield Project
9 318 (2.04%) Enterprise Software
10 310 (1.99%) Algorithms
11 302 (1.94%) User Experience
12 280 (1.80%) Private Cloud
13 279 (1.79%) Hedge funds
14 258 (1.66%) Mobile App
15 254 (1.63%) Clustering
16 206 (1.32%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 205 (1.32%) Replication
18 190 (1.22%) Equities
19 183 (1.17%) Data Structures
20 182 (1.17%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 5,732 (36.80%) Windows
2 3,127 (20.07%) Unix
3 1,472 (9.45%) Windows Server
4 1,457 (9.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1,071 (6.88%) CentOS
6 800 (5.14%) Ubuntu
7 491 (3.15%) Windows Server 2012
8 434 (2.79%) Windows Server 2008
9 417 (2.68%) Android
10 411 (2.64%) Solaris
11 371 (2.38%) Apple iOS
12 368 (2.36%) Debian
13 349 (2.24%) Windows 10
14 279 (1.79%) Windows 7
15 274 (1.76%) AIX
16 227 (1.46%) Mac OS X
17 213 (1.37%) Embedded Linux
18 180 (1.16%) Windows Server 2003
19 136 (0.87%) Mac OS
20 123 (0.79%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,452 (28.58%) DevOps
2 4,308 (27.65%) Agile Software Development
3 2,301 (14.77%) Software Engineering
4 1,787 (11.47%) Continuous Integration
5 1,638 (10.51%) Problem-Solving
6 1,564 (10.04%) Configuration Management
7 1,400 (8.99%) Computer Science
8 1,379 (8.85%) Test Automation
9 1,347 (8.65%) Open Source
10 1,220 (7.83%) ITIL
11 1,218 (7.82%) Scrum
12 1,082 (6.95%) Infrastructure Engineering
13 999 (6.41%) TDD
14 943 (6.05%) Microservices
15 899 (5.77%) Cybersecurity
16 893 (5.73%) Information Security
17 856 (5.49%) OO
18 832 (5.34%) Mentoring
19 709 (4.55%) Analytics
20 698 (4.48%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 5,506 (35.34%) Python
2 4,088 (26.24%) Java
3 3,784 (24.29%) SQL
4 2,475 (15.89%) Bash Shell
5 2,463 (15.81%) JavaScript
6 2,069 (13.28%) C++
7 1,685 (10.82%) PHP
8 1,423 (9.13%) PowerShell
9 1,367 (8.78%) Ruby
10 1,305 (8.38%) Perl
11 1,241 (7.97%) C#
12 1,186 (7.61%) C
13 951 (6.10%) Shell Script
14 613 (3.94%) Go
15 299 (1.92%) PL/SQL
16 280 (1.80%) Java 8
17 277 (1.78%) Scala
18 183 (1.17%) Korn
19 156 (1.00%) ES6
20 155 (0.99%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 2,276 (14.61%) Degree
2 728 (4.67%) Security Cleared
3 642 (4.12%) CISSP
4 603 (3.87%) Computer Science Degree
5 502 (3.22%) Cisco Certification
6 424 (2.72%) SC Cleared
7 390 (2.50%) Microsoft Certification
8 345 (2.21%) CCNA
9 266 (1.71%) DV Cleared
10 254 (1.63%) MCSE
11 235 (1.51%) SANS
12 202 (1.30%) RHCE
13 193 (1.24%) AWS Certification
14 177 (1.14%) CISM
15 159 (1.02%) CEH
16 148 (0.95%) CompTIA Security+
16 148 (0.95%) GIAC
17 147 (0.94%) MCSA
18 138 (0.89%) CCNP
19 134 (0.86%) CREST Certified
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 590 (3.79%) QA
2 566 (3.63%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 314 (2.02%) SLA
4 305 (1.96%) GDPR
5 238 (1.53%) PCI DSS
6 95 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 52 (0.33%) Data Quality
8 48 (0.31%) Cyber Essentials
9 35 (0.22%) MiFID
10 34 (0.22%) ISO 9001
10 34 (0.22%) PMO
10 34 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 29 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 25 (0.16%) COBIT
13 20 (0.13%) PSD2
14 19 (0.12%) ISO 22301
15 17 (0.11%) FISMA
16 13 (0.083%) JTAG
17 10 (0.064%) HL7
18 9 (0.058%) ECSS
System Software
1 2,997 (19.24%) Docker
2 1,577 (10.12%) Active Directory
3 1,441 (9.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 534 (3.43%) Hyper-V
5 385 (2.47%) Virtual Machines
6 377 (2.42%) VMware ESXi
7 347 (2.23%) vSphere
8 133 (0.85%) Firmware
9 129 (0.83%) KVM
10 124 (0.80%) NFS
11 118 (0.76%) HDFS
12 110 (0.71%) XenApp
13 92 (0.59%) Xen
14 90 (0.58%) Virtual Servers
14 90 (0.58%) VirtualBox
15 89 (0.57%) Oracle RAC
16 86 (0.55%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 76 (0.49%) VMware NSX
18 64 (0.41%) LXC
19 63 (0.40%) iptables
Systems Management
1 2,723 (17.48%) Ansible
2 2,469 (15.85%) Puppet
3 1,758 (11.29%) Kubernetes
4 1,722 (11.05%) Opscode Chef
5 1,237 (7.94%) Terraform
6 411 (2.64%) Salt
7 391 (2.51%) Nagios
8 252 (1.62%) ZABBIX
9 250 (1.60%) Docker Swarm
10 229 (1.47%) Packer
11 227 (1.46%) Prometheus
12 218 (1.40%) SCCM
13 179 (1.15%) Grafana
14 175 (1.12%) Kibana
15 144 (0.92%) vCenter Server
16 139 (0.89%) HAProxy
17 137 (0.88%) Graphite
18 134 (0.86%) logstash
19 129 (0.83%) Consul
20 97 (0.62%) Mesos
Vendors
1 2,198 (14.11%) VMware
2 2,193 (14.08%) Microsoft
3 1,787 (11.47%) Oracle
4 1,711 (10.98%) Red Hat
5 985 (6.32%) Cisco
6 793 (5.09%) Google
7 439 (2.82%) Citrix
8 374 (2.40%) Splunk
9 361 (2.32%) HP
10 358 (2.30%) IBM
11 286 (1.84%) Atlassian
12 283 (1.82%) NetApp
13 253 (1.62%) New Relic
14 252 (1.62%) EMC
15 198 (1.27%) SAP
16 194 (1.25%) SolarWinds
17 192 (1.23%) Juniper
17 192 (1.23%) Sybase
18 169 (1.08%) ServiceNow
19 159 (1.02%) Dell