Period
to 23 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 23 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
23 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 19 16 16
Rank change year-on-year -3 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Linux 13,834 17,164 18,724
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 10.34% 10.61% 11.21%
As % of the Operating Systems category 45.21% 45.62% 45.33%
Number of salaries quoted 10,729 13,722 15,513
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £31,953 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +4.17%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 30,602 37,621 41,306
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 22.87% 23.25% 24.72%
Number of salaries quoted 24,370 30,512 34,136
England median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
10th Percentile £25,750 £25,750 £25,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £46,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year -2.11% +5.56% -

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Linux in England.

Salary trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 23 July 2019.

Salary histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 23 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 5,657 £65,000 - 871
South East -1 3,042 £50,000 +5.26% 484
North of England +1 1,871 £45,000 - 383
South West +4 1,410 £45,000 +4.65% 304
East of England +2 934 £50,000 -4.76% 320
Midlands +5 883 £42,500 -5.56% 243
North West -4 869 £42,500 -5.56% 200
Yorkshire +6 861 £47,500 +5.56% 126
West Midlands +5 595 £42,500 -5.56% 147
East Midlands +2 288 £45,000 - 96
North East +13 146 £45,024 +12.56% 57
South Coast - 7 £60,000 -
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 23 July 2019, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 5,110 (36.94%) Python
2 4,774 (34.51%) Windows
3 4,347 (31.42%) Amazon AWS
4 4,057 (29.33%) DevOps
5 3,797 (27.45%) Agile Software Development
6 3,224 (23.30%) Java
7 3,093 (22.36%) Docker
8 2,942 (21.27%) Unix
9 2,928 (21.17%) SQL
10 2,537 (18.34%) Ansible
11 2,462 (17.80%) Microsoft Azure
12 2,459 (17.78%) Bash Shell
13 2,268 (16.39%) Git (software)
14 2,261 (16.34%) Finance
15 2,093 (15.13%) Puppet
16 2,083 (15.06%) Software Engineering
17 2,041 (14.75%) JavaScript
18 2,004 (14.49%) Jenkins
19 1,987 (14.36%) Kubernetes
20 1,885 (13.63%) Degree
21 1,861 (13.45%) VMware
22 1,807 (13.06%) Microsoft
23 1,774 (12.82%) MySQL
24 1,771 (12.80%) Firewall
25 1,759 (12.72%) C++
26 1,574 (11.38%) Problem-Solving
27 1,511 (10.92%) Terraform
28 1,477 (10.68%) Cisco
29 1,424 (10.29%) Opscode Chef
30 1,384 (10.00%) Oracle

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 910 (6.58%) Apache
2 504 (3.64%) Elasticsearch
3 443 (3.20%) Tomcat
4 385 (2.78%) Apache Spark
5 370 (2.67%) Confluence
6 355 (2.57%) nginx
7 349 (2.52%) IIS
8 277 (2.00%) SharePoint
9 259 (1.87%) MS Exchange
10 247 (1.79%) OpenStack
11 231 (1.67%) JBoss
12 165 (1.19%) WebLogic
13 133 (0.96%) WebSphere
14 128 (0.93%) WordPress
15 89 (0.64%) Exchange Server 2013
16 78 (0.56%) Exchange Server 2010
17 72 (0.52%) CMS
18 64 (0.46%) Apache Solr
19 62 (0.45%) Drupal
20 49 (0.35%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 271 (1.96%) Microsoft Office
2 69 (0.50%) Microsoft Excel
3 47 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 37 (0.27%) Microsoft Project
5 27 (0.20%) MS Visio
6 22 (0.16%) Photoshop
7 14 (0.10%) Chatbot
8 12 (0.087%) Fireworks
9 11 (0.080%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 9 (0.065%) Sketch
11 8 (0.058%) Maya
11 8 (0.058%) Simulink
12 7 (0.051%) CATIA
12 7 (0.051%) GNU Octave
12 7 (0.051%) Maple
13 6 (0.043%) Adobe Illustrator
13 6 (0.043%) CINEMA 4D
13 6 (0.043%) MODO
13 6 (0.043%) NUKE
14 4 (0.029%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 58 (0.42%) Magento
2 32 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
2 32 (0.23%) Oracle Applications
3 28 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 24 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
5 22 (0.16%) Oracle EBS R12
6 21 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
6 21 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
7 16 (0.12%) Remedy ITSM
8 14 (0.10%) SAP ERP
9 13 (0.094%) SAP Hybris
10 11 (0.080%) Distributed Ledger
10 11 (0.080%) Odoo
10 11 (0.080%) SAP S/4HANA
11 9 (0.065%) NetSuite
11 9 (0.065%) Oracle BPM
11 9 (0.065%) R3 Corda
11 9 (0.065%) SAP Business One
11 9 (0.065%) Teamcenter
12 8 (0.058%) Dynamics AX
Cloud Services
1 4,347 (31.42%) Amazon AWS
2 2,462 (17.80%) Microsoft Azure
3 1,175 (8.49%) Google Cloud Platform
4 678 (4.90%) SaaS
5 607 (4.39%) Office 365
6 526 (3.80%) AWS CloudFormation
7 432 (3.12%) Amazon EC2
8 389 (2.81%) Serverless
9 378 (2.73%) IaaS
10 368 (2.66%) GitHub
11 342 (2.47%) Amazon S3
12 334 (2.41%) Cloud Computing
13 308 (2.23%) PaaS
14 305 (2.20%) AWS Lambda
15 212 (1.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 205 (1.48%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 199 (1.44%) OpenShift
18 172 (1.24%) Amazon ECS
19 149 (1.08%) Amazon SQS
20 133 (0.96%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 1,771 (12.80%) Firewall
2 1,188 (8.59%) DNS
3 929 (6.72%) TCP/IP
4 868 (6.27%) WAN
5 821 (5.93%) VPN
6 715 (5.17%) Network Security
7 510 (3.69%) SAN
8 500 (3.61%) Cisco ASA
9 499 (3.61%) OSPF
10 481 (3.48%) LAN
11 478 (3.46%) BGP
12 457 (3.30%) Cisco Nexus
13 448 (3.24%) MPLS
13 448 (3.24%) SMTP
14 428 (3.09%) DHCP
15 412 (2.98%) IPsec
16 400 (2.89%) NetScaler
17 391 (2.83%) Internet
18 379 (2.74%) Broadband
19 366 (2.65%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,774 (12.82%) MySQL
2 1,249 (9.03%) SQL Server
3 766 (5.54%) PostgreSQL
4 663 (4.79%) Big Data
5 636 (4.60%) NoSQL
6 605 (4.37%) MongoDB
7 569 (4.11%) Relational Database
8 388 (2.80%) Hadoop
9 334 (2.41%) Oracle Database
10 332 (2.40%) Amazon RDS
11 282 (2.04%) Redis
12 220 (1.59%) Apache Cassandra
13 193 (1.40%) RDBMS
14 148 (1.07%) Apache Hive
15 130 (0.94%) MariaDB
16 113 (0.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 111 (0.80%) SQL Server 2012
18 100 (0.72%) Data Warehouse
19 97 (0.70%) DB2
20 84 (0.61%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 2,268 (16.39%) Git (software)
2 2,004 (14.49%) Jenkins
3 996 (7.20%) JIRA
4 450 (3.25%) Subversion
5 430 (3.11%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 386 (2.79%) Maven
7 364 (2.63%) TeamCity
8 355 (2.57%) Selenium
9 302 (2.18%) Bitbucket
10 284 (2.05%) Octopus Deploy
11 237 (1.71%) GitLab
12 203 (1.47%) Cucumber
12 203 (1.47%) JUnit
13 176 (1.27%) Visual Studio
14 175 (1.26%) Vagrant
15 170 (1.23%) Team Foundation Server
16 151 (1.09%) Travis CI
17 142 (1.03%) Gradle
18 132 (0.95%) Sonatype Nexus
19 131 (0.95%) JMeter
General
1 2,261 (16.34%) Finance
2 649 (4.69%) Banking
3 509 (3.68%) Retail
4 459 (3.32%) Telecoms
5 329 (2.38%) Marketing
6 271 (1.96%) Games
7 241 (1.74%) Electronics
8 216 (1.56%) Manufacturing
9 214 (1.55%) Front Office
10 140 (1.01%) Law
11 135 (0.98%) Automotive
12 124 (0.90%) Legal
13 106 (0.77%) Financial Institution
14 105 (0.76%) Back Office
15 97 (0.70%) Investment Banking
16 76 (0.55%) Advertising
17 70 (0.51%) Aerospace
18 55 (0.40%) Publishing
19 38 (0.27%) Military
20 36 (0.26%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,941 (21.26%) Developer
2 2,016 (14.57%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,178 (8.52%) Linux Engineer
4 1,141 (8.25%) Software Engineer
5 872 (6.30%) Analyst
6 796 (5.75%) Administrator
7 754 (5.45%) Java Developer
8 687 (4.97%) AWS Engineer
9 682 (4.93%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 669 (4.84%) Cloud Engineer
11 635 (4.59%) Network Engineer
12 625 (4.52%) Support Engineer
13 590 (4.26%) Systems Administrator
14 523 (3.78%) PHP Developer
15 512 (3.70%) AWS DevOps
16 509 (3.68%) Architect
17 502 (3.63%) Security Engineer
18 492 (3.56%) Linux/Unix DevOps
19 490 (3.54%) Senior Developer
20 445 (3.22%) AWS DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,169 (8.45%) HTML
2 1,092 (7.89%) Web Services
3 1,064 (7.69%) CSS
4 868 (6.27%) .NET
5 846 (6.12%) Node.js
6 658 (4.76%) Spring
7 614 (4.44%) AngularJS
8 589 (4.26%) LAMP
9 586 (4.24%) RESTful
10 523 (3.78%) React
11 509 (3.68%) Elastic Stack
11 509 (3.68%) REST
12 482 (3.48%) XML
13 466 (3.37%) Kafka
14 456 (3.30%) jQuery
15 428 (3.09%) JSON
16 351 (2.54%) SOAP
17 349 (2.52%) HTML5
18 280 (2.02%) Laravel
18 280 (2.02%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 904 (6.53%) Analytical Skills
2 729 (5.27%) Data Centre
3 668 (4.83%) Management Information System
4 606 (4.38%) Linux Command Line
5 599 (4.33%) Public Cloud
6 453 (3.27%) Self-Motivation
7 338 (2.44%) Algorithms
8 260 (1.88%) User Experience
9 258 (1.86%) Enterprise Software
10 255 (1.84%) Greenfield Project
11 249 (1.80%) Hybrid Cloud
12 234 (1.69%) Replication
13 220 (1.59%) Mobile App
14 211 (1.53%) Clustering
15 186 (1.34%) Private Cloud
16 170 (1.23%) Hedge funds
17 164 (1.19%) Virtual Team
18 160 (1.16%) Data Structures
19 142 (1.03%) Embedded Systems
20 140 (1.01%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 4,774 (34.51%) Windows
2 2,942 (21.27%) Unix
3 1,352 (9.77%) Windows Server
4 1,022 (7.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 986 (7.13%) CentOS
6 781 (5.65%) Ubuntu
7 470 (3.40%) Windows Server 2012
8 436 (3.15%) Debian
9 381 (2.75%) Android
10 307 (2.22%) Windows Server 2008
11 286 (2.07%) Windows 10
12 263 (1.90%) Apple iOS
13 239 (1.73%) Windows 7
14 228 (1.65%) Mac OS
15 219 (1.58%) Solaris
16 204 (1.47%) AIX
17 127 (0.92%) Embedded Linux
18 94 (0.68%) SUSE
19 93 (0.67%) Mac OS X
20 89 (0.64%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,057 (29.33%) DevOps
2 3,797 (27.45%) Agile Software Development
3 2,083 (15.06%) Software Engineering
4 1,574 (11.38%) Problem-Solving
5 1,345 (9.72%) Continuous Integration
6 1,335 (9.65%) Configuration Management
7 1,149 (8.31%) Open Source
8 1,137 (8.22%) Computer Science
9 1,085 (7.84%) ITIL
10 1,066 (7.71%) Test Automation
11 996 (7.20%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 926 (6.69%) Cybersecurity
13 920 (6.65%) Scrum
14 896 (6.48%) Microservices
15 830 (6.00%) TDD
16 742 (5.36%) Infrastructure as Code
16 742 (5.36%) OO
17 739 (5.34%) Mentoring
18 686 (4.96%) Analytics
19 659 (4.76%) Service Delivery
Programming Languages
1 5,110 (36.94%) Python
2 3,224 (23.30%) Java
3 2,928 (21.17%) SQL
4 2,459 (17.78%) Bash Shell
5 2,041 (14.75%) JavaScript
6 1,759 (12.72%) C++
7 1,314 (9.50%) PHP
8 1,261 (9.12%) PowerShell
9 1,240 (8.96%) Perl
10 1,134 (8.20%) C
11 1,090 (7.88%) Ruby
12 1,089 (7.87%) C#
13 661 (4.78%) Shell Script
14 526 (3.80%) Go
15 303 (2.19%) Scala
16 219 (1.58%) Java 8
17 202 (1.46%) PL/SQL
18 169 (1.22%) TypeScript
19 134 (0.97%) Groovy
20 127 (0.92%) R
Qualifications
1 1,885 (13.63%) Degree
2 1,145 (8.28%) Security Cleared
3 869 (6.28%) Cisco Certification
4 656 (4.74%) CCNA
5 572 (4.13%) SC Cleared
6 558 (4.03%) CCNP
7 553 (4.00%) Computer Science Degree
8 419 (3.03%) DV Cleared
9 315 (2.28%) Microsoft Certification
10 237 (1.71%) CISSP
11 206 (1.49%) MCSE
12 190 (1.37%) AWS Certification
13 151 (1.09%) RHCE
14 116 (0.84%) MCSA
15 88 (0.64%) Master's Degree
16 87 (0.63%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
17 85 (0.61%) CISM
18 82 (0.59%) CISA
19 80 (0.58%) GIAC
20 74 (0.53%) CEH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 723 (5.23%) QA
2 592 (4.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 362 (2.62%) ISO 9001
4 309 (2.23%) SLA
5 131 (0.95%) GDPR
6 112 (0.81%) PCI DSS
7 57 (0.41%) NIST
8 52 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 35 (0.25%) HL7
10 27 (0.20%) COBIT
11 25 (0.18%) HMG Infosec
12 24 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 22 (0.16%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 22 (0.16%) JSP 440
14 21 (0.15%) Data Quality
14 21 (0.15%) ISO 22301
15 17 (0.12%) NCSC
15 17 (0.12%) PSD2
16 15 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
17 12 (0.087%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 3,093 (22.36%) Docker
2 1,196 (8.65%) Active Directory
3 1,179 (8.52%) VMware Infrastructure
4 548 (3.96%) Hyper-V
5 300 (2.17%) Virtual Machines
6 275 (1.99%) vSphere
7 253 (1.83%) VMware ESXi
8 142 (1.03%) XenApp
9 133 (0.96%) KVM
10 118 (0.85%) Firmware
11 115 (0.83%) XenDesktop
12 99 (0.72%) Oracle RAC
13 94 (0.68%) Virtual Servers
14 93 (0.67%) NFS
15 91 (0.66%) Microsoft App-V
16 81 (0.59%) VMware NSX
17 62 (0.45%) Xen
18 60 (0.43%) VirtualBox
19 57 (0.41%) HDFS
20 56 (0.40%) iptables
Systems Management
1 2,537 (18.34%) Ansible
2 2,093 (15.13%) Puppet
3 1,987 (14.36%) Kubernetes
4 1,511 (10.92%) Terraform
5 1,424 (10.29%) Opscode Chef
6 724 (5.23%) Nagios
7 385 (2.78%) FortiGate
8 333 (2.41%) SCCM
9 277 (2.00%) Prometheus
10 250 (1.81%) Packer
11 241 (1.74%) Salt
12 215 (1.55%) Grafana
13 191 (1.38%) Docker Swarm
14 179 (1.29%) SCOM
15 171 (1.24%) Consul
16 149 (1.08%) Kibana
17 131 (0.95%) ZABBIX
18 110 (0.80%) Nessus
19 101 (0.73%) logstash
20 97 (0.70%) WSUS
Vendors
1 1,861 (13.45%) VMware
2 1,807 (13.06%) Microsoft
3 1,477 (10.68%) Cisco
4 1,384 (10.00%) Oracle
5 1,275 (9.22%) Red Hat
6 786 (5.68%) Google
7 448 (3.24%) Citrix
8 423 (3.06%) Fortinet
9 413 (2.99%) IBM
10 400 (2.89%) Palo Alto
11 370 (2.67%) Splunk
12 347 (2.51%) HP
13 270 (1.95%) Juniper
14 268 (1.94%) SAP
15 246 (1.78%) Atlassian
16 218 (1.58%) Dell
17 197 (1.42%) NetApp
18 186 (1.34%) CheckPoint
19 173 (1.25%) SolarWinds
20 164 (1.19%) EMC