Period
to 20 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 20 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
20 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 19 16 16
Rank change year-on-year -3 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Linux 14,502 17,825 17,836
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 10.51% 10.81% 11.00%
As % of the Operating Systems category 45.13% 44.80% 45.43%
Number of salaries quoted 11,697 14,573 14,866
England median annual salary £53,350 £51,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.61% +2.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,500 £30,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £81,250 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 32,133 39,790 39,259
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 23.29% 24.14% 24.21%
Number of salaries quoted 25,857 32,994 33,182
England median annual salary £47,500 £46,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.15% +3.33% -
10th Percentile £26,000 £25,500 £25,000
90th Percentile £78,750 £76,250 £73,750
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £43,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +3.45% -

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Linux in England.

Salary trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 20 March 2019.

Salary histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 20 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 6,301 £65,000 +4.00% 1,088
South East -3 3,038 £48,250 +7.22% 573
North of England 0 1,733 £46,903 +4.23% 442
South West +3 1,387 £44,500 +4.71% 313
East of England -2 1,088 £50,000 -4.76% 352
North West 0 975 £45,000 - 212
Midlands 0 928 £44,000 -2.22% 243
Yorkshire +1 629 £47,500 +5.56% 175
West Midlands +2 539 £43,375 -3.61% 155
East Midlands +8 388 £47,500 +3.26% 87
North East +13 133 £48,463 +29.23% 55
South Coast - 2 £60,000 -
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 20 March 2019, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 5,231 (36.07%) Windows
2 5,213 (35.95%) Python
3 4,368 (30.12%) Amazon AWS
4 4,120 (28.41%) DevOps
5 3,978 (27.43%) Agile Software Development
6 3,761 (25.93%) Java
7 3,479 (23.99%) SQL
8 2,953 (20.36%) Docker
9 2,800 (19.31%) Unix
10 2,610 (18.00%) Ansible
11 2,527 (17.43%) Git (software)
12 2,477 (17.08%) Finance
13 2,395 (16.51%) Microsoft Azure
14 2,257 (15.56%) Software Engineering
15 2,253 (15.54%) Jenkins
16 2,208 (15.23%) Bash Shell
17 2,194 (15.13%) Degree
18 2,171 (14.97%) Puppet
18 2,171 (14.97%) JavaScript
19 2,117 (14.60%) Microsoft
20 1,985 (13.69%) C++
21 1,956 (13.49%) VMware
22 1,908 (13.16%) MySQL
23 1,819 (12.54%) Kubernetes
24 1,724 (11.89%) Oracle
25 1,665 (11.48%) Continuous Integration
26 1,533 (10.57%) Problem-Solving
27 1,490 (10.27%) Configuration Management
28 1,453 (10.02%) Firewall
29 1,447 (9.98%) Red Hat

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,232 (8.50%) Apache
2 568 (3.92%) Elasticsearch
3 534 (3.68%) Tomcat
4 513 (3.54%) IIS
5 478 (3.30%) Confluence
6 413 (2.85%) nginx
7 369 (2.54%) Apache Spark
8 288 (1.99%) SharePoint
9 275 (1.90%) MS Exchange
10 195 (1.34%) JBoss
11 189 (1.30%) OpenStack
12 173 (1.19%) WebSphere
13 149 (1.03%) WebLogic
14 147 (1.01%) WordPress
15 123 (0.85%) CMS
16 96 (0.66%) Apache Solr
17 81 (0.56%) Exchange Server 2010
18 61 (0.42%) Drupal
18 61 (0.42%) Skype for Business
19 54 (0.37%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 255 (1.76%) Microsoft Office
2 117 (0.81%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 101 (0.70%) Microsoft Excel
4 48 (0.33%) MS Visio
5 39 (0.27%) Photoshop
6 21 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
7 17 (0.12%) Weka
8 12 (0.083%) Adobe Illustrator
8 12 (0.083%) Fireworks
9 11 (0.076%) Maple
10 7 (0.048%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 5 (0.034%) CATIA
11 5 (0.034%) HipChat
11 5 (0.034%) Spreadsheet
12 4 (0.028%) Chatbot
12 4 (0.028%) Simulink
13 3 (0.021%) Adobe Premiere
13 3 (0.021%) LaTeX
13 3 (0.021%) Stateflow
13 3 (0.021%) TargetLink
Business Applications
1 77 (0.53%) Magento
2 48 (0.33%) Oracle Applications
3 35 (0.24%) Remedy ITSM
4 34 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
5 32 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
6 27 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
7 21 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
7 21 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 18 (0.12%) Odoo
9 11 (0.076%) Markit EDM
9 11 (0.076%) Oracle EBS R12
9 11 (0.076%) SAP Business One
9 11 (0.076%) thinkFolio
10 10 (0.069%) SAP S/4HANA
11 9 (0.062%) R3 Corda
12 8 (0.055%) Eagle PACE
12 8 (0.055%) Front Arena
12 8 (0.055%) SAP Hybris
13 7 (0.048%) Oracle ERP
14 6 (0.041%) Salerio
Cloud Services
1 4,368 (30.12%) Amazon AWS
2 2,395 (16.51%) Microsoft Azure
3 964 (6.65%) Google Cloud Platform
4 652 (4.50%) SaaS
5 568 (3.92%) AWS CloudFormation
6 544 (3.75%) Office 365
7 484 (3.34%) GitHub
8 466 (3.21%) Amazon EC2
9 409 (2.82%) Cloud Computing
10 406 (2.80%) Amazon S3
11 331 (2.28%) IaaS
12 324 (2.23%) PaaS
13 288 (1.99%) Serverless
14 281 (1.94%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 253 (1.74%) AWS Lambda
16 197 (1.36%) Azure Active Directory
17 193 (1.33%) Amazon SQS
18 172 (1.19%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 137 (0.94%) OpenShift
20 112 (0.77%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 1,453 (10.02%) Firewall
2 870 (6.00%) TCP/IP
3 865 (5.96%) DNS
4 504 (3.48%) VPN
5 482 (3.32%) WAN
6 431 (2.97%) LAN
7 430 (2.97%) Internet
8 428 (2.95%) SAN
9 415 (2.86%) Network Security
10 401 (2.77%) DHCP
11 349 (2.41%) HTTP
12 258 (1.78%) VoIP
13 239 (1.65%) VLAN
13 239 (1.65%) Wireless
14 228 (1.57%) SSL
15 206 (1.42%) Wi-Fi
16 171 (1.18%) Cisco ASA
17 140 (0.97%) BGP
18 136 (0.94%) OSPF
19 133 (0.92%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,908 (13.16%) MySQL
2 1,382 (9.53%) SQL Server
3 909 (6.27%) PostgreSQL
4 823 (5.68%) NoSQL
5 746 (5.14%) Relational Database
6 718 (4.95%) Big Data
7 700 (4.83%) MongoDB
8 499 (3.44%) Hadoop
9 441 (3.04%) Oracle Database
10 378 (2.61%) Amazon RDS
11 324 (2.23%) Redis
12 267 (1.84%) Apache Cassandra
13 242 (1.67%) RDBMS
14 205 (1.41%) Data Warehouse
15 184 (1.27%) Apache Hive
16 176 (1.21%) MariaDB
17 145 (1.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 125 (0.86%) Oracle Database 11g
19 116 (0.80%) HBase
20 111 (0.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 2,527 (17.43%) Git (software)
2 2,253 (15.54%) Jenkins
3 1,060 (7.31%) JIRA
4 591 (4.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 588 (4.05%) Maven
6 548 (3.78%) TeamCity
7 514 (3.54%) Subversion
8 416 (2.87%) Octopus Deploy
9 387 (2.67%) Selenium
10 276 (1.90%) Bitbucket
11 268 (1.85%) GitLab
12 258 (1.78%) Gradle
12 258 (1.78%) JUnit
13 232 (1.60%) Visual Studio
14 225 (1.55%) Vagrant
15 216 (1.49%) Team Foundation Server
16 190 (1.31%) Cucumber
17 141 (0.97%) Sonatype Nexus
17 141 (0.97%) Travis CI
18 133 (0.92%) gulp
General
1 2,477 (17.08%) Finance
2 740 (5.10%) Banking
3 468 (3.23%) Retail
4 417 (2.88%) Telecoms
5 370 (2.55%) Marketing
6 327 (2.25%) Games
7 276 (1.90%) Electronics
8 257 (1.77%) Front Office
9 227 (1.57%) Manufacturing
10 202 (1.39%) Legal
11 168 (1.16%) Law
12 142 (0.98%) Investment Banking
13 122 (0.84%) Back Office
14 118 (0.81%) Automotive
15 96 (0.66%) Financial Institution
16 85 (0.59%) Advertising
17 79 (0.54%) Publishing
18 73 (0.50%) Military
19 60 (0.41%) Aerospace
20 49 (0.34%) German Language
Job Titles
1 3,167 (21.84%) Developer
2 2,123 (14.64%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,309 (9.03%) Software Engineer
4 1,219 (8.41%) Linux Engineer
5 1,005 (6.93%) Analyst
6 941 (6.49%) Administrator
7 923 (6.36%) Java Developer
8 658 (4.54%) Support Engineer
9 655 (4.52%) Systems Administrator
10 632 (4.36%) AWS Engineer
10 632 (4.36%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 545 (3.76%) Senior Developer
12 542 (3.74%) PHP Developer
13 538 (3.71%) Cloud Engineer
14 499 (3.44%) Linux/Unix DevOps
15 493 (3.40%) AWS DevOps
16 475 (3.28%) Software Developer
17 473 (3.26%) Architect
18 453 (3.12%) Applications Support
19 440 (3.03%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,418 (9.78%) HTML
2 1,286 (8.87%) Web Services
3 1,164 (8.03%) CSS
4 896 (6.18%) Spring
5 876 (6.04%) Node.js
6 813 (5.61%) .NET
7 756 (5.21%) LAMP
8 694 (4.79%) AngularJS
9 687 (4.74%) RESTful
10 562 (3.88%) jQuery
11 559 (3.85%) React
12 548 (3.78%) XML
13 538 (3.71%) REST
14 516 (3.56%) Elastic Stack
15 494 (3.41%) JSON
16 463 (3.19%) HTML5
17 461 (3.18%) Kafka
18 369 (2.54%) SOAP
19 287 (1.98%) Middleware
20 266 (1.83%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 842 (5.81%) Analytical Skills
2 690 (4.76%) Linux Command Line
3 684 (4.72%) Data Centre
4 603 (4.16%) Fintech
5 502 (3.46%) Public Cloud
6 464 (3.20%) Self-Motivation
7 415 (2.86%) Management Information System
8 359 (2.48%) Algorithms
9 323 (2.23%) Greenfield Project
10 318 (2.19%) User Experience
11 270 (1.86%) Mobile App
12 253 (1.74%) Enterprise Software
13 245 (1.69%) Clustering
14 240 (1.65%) Hedge funds
15 212 (1.46%) Data Structures
16 210 (1.45%) Private Cloud
17 206 (1.42%) Hybrid Cloud
18 186 (1.28%) Replication
19 184 (1.27%) Embedded Systems
20 181 (1.25%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 5,231 (36.07%) Windows
2 2,800 (19.31%) Unix
3 1,376 (9.49%) Windows Server
4 1,237 (8.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1,024 (7.06%) CentOS
6 856 (5.90%) Ubuntu
7 475 (3.28%) Android
7 475 (3.28%) Windows Server 2012
8 406 (2.80%) Windows Server 2008
9 383 (2.64%) Debian
10 367 (2.53%) Apple iOS
11 313 (2.16%) Windows 10
12 299 (2.06%) Solaris
13 242 (1.67%) Windows 7
14 234 (1.61%) AIX
15 214 (1.48%) Embedded Linux
16 163 (1.12%) Mac OS
17 148 (1.02%) Mac OS X
18 146 (1.01%) Windows Server 2003
19 122 (0.84%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,120 (28.41%) DevOps
2 3,978 (27.43%) Agile Software Development
3 2,257 (15.56%) Software Engineering
4 1,665 (11.48%) Continuous Integration
5 1,533 (10.57%) Problem-Solving
6 1,490 (10.27%) Configuration Management
7 1,348 (9.30%) Open Source
8 1,336 (9.21%) Computer Science
9 1,222 (8.43%) Test Automation
10 1,128 (7.78%) ITIL
11 982 (6.77%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 927 (6.39%) Microservices
13 920 (6.34%) TDD
14 895 (6.17%) Scrum
15 849 (5.85%) Cybersecurity
16 818 (5.64%) OO
17 790 (5.45%) Mentoring
18 783 (5.40%) Analytics
19 674 (4.65%) MVC
20 666 (4.59%) Information Security
Programming Languages
1 5,213 (35.95%) Python
2 3,761 (25.93%) Java
3 3,479 (23.99%) SQL
4 2,208 (15.23%) Bash Shell
5 2,171 (14.97%) JavaScript
6 1,985 (13.69%) C++
7 1,433 (9.88%) PHP
8 1,311 (9.04%) PowerShell
9 1,243 (8.57%) C#
10 1,171 (8.07%) C
11 1,158 (7.99%) Ruby
12 1,122 (7.74%) Perl
13 822 (5.67%) Shell Script
14 542 (3.74%) Go
15 286 (1.97%) Scala
16 281 (1.94%) PL/SQL
17 219 (1.51%) Java 8
18 158 (1.09%) TypeScript
19 147 (1.01%) Groovy
20 141 (0.97%) Embedded C
Qualifications
1 2,194 (15.13%) Degree
2 909 (6.27%) Security Cleared
3 619 (4.27%) Computer Science Degree
4 530 (3.65%) SC Cleared
5 468 (3.23%) Cisco Certification
6 358 (2.47%) CISSP
7 351 (2.42%) Microsoft Certification
8 320 (2.21%) DV Cleared
9 313 (2.16%) CCNA
10 220 (1.52%) MCSE
11 174 (1.20%) AWS Certification
12 154 (1.06%) CCNP
12 154 (1.06%) RHCE
13 153 (1.06%) SANS
14 132 (0.91%) MCSA
15 123 (0.85%) CISM
16 117 (0.81%) CREST Certified
17 113 (0.78%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
18 106 (0.73%) Master's Degree
19 100 (0.69%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 630 (4.34%) QA
2 412 (2.84%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 339 (2.34%) SLA
4 250 (1.72%) GDPR
5 163 (1.12%) PCI DSS
6 54 (0.37%) ISO 9001
7 52 (0.36%) HL7
8 43 (0.30%) Data Quality
9 34 (0.23%) PSD2
10 29 (0.20%) Cyber Essentials
11 26 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 24 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 24 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 24 (0.17%) MiFID
13 16 (0.11%) JTAG
14 14 (0.097%) ISO 22301
15 12 (0.083%) ISO 9000
16 11 (0.076%) PMO
17 7 (0.048%) SEPA
18 6 (0.041%) JSP 440
System Software
1 2,953 (20.36%) Docker
2 1,425 (9.83%) Active Directory
3 1,256 (8.66%) VMware Infrastructure
4 518 (3.57%) Hyper-V
5 340 (2.34%) Virtual Machines
6 299 (2.06%) vSphere
7 295 (2.03%) VMware ESXi
8 163 (1.12%) Firmware
9 126 (0.87%) NFS
10 119 (0.82%) Virtual Servers
11 111 (0.77%) XenApp
12 106 (0.73%) KVM
13 96 (0.66%) HDFS
13 96 (0.66%) Oracle RAC
14 93 (0.64%) VMware NSX
15 90 (0.62%) VirtualBox
16 64 (0.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 62 (0.43%) iptables
18 60 (0.41%) Xen
19 59 (0.41%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 2,610 (18.00%) Ansible
2 2,171 (14.97%) Puppet
3 1,819 (12.54%) Kubernetes
4 1,399 (9.65%) Opscode Chef
5 1,312 (9.05%) Terraform
6 351 (2.42%) Nagios
7 343 (2.37%) Salt
8 278 (1.92%) Prometheus
9 244 (1.68%) Packer
10 215 (1.48%) SCCM
11 188 (1.30%) Docker Swarm
12 181 (1.25%) Consul
13 165 (1.14%) Grafana
14 138 (0.95%) ZABBIX
15 132 (0.91%) Kibana
16 112 (0.77%) Graphite
17 111 (0.77%) logstash
17 111 (0.77%) vCenter Server
18 106 (0.73%) HAProxy
19 86 (0.59%) SCOM
Vendors
1 2,117 (14.60%) Microsoft
2 1,956 (13.49%) VMware
3 1,724 (11.89%) Oracle
4 1,447 (9.98%) Red Hat
5 1,013 (6.99%) Cisco
6 777 (5.36%) Google
7 420 (2.90%) Citrix
8 363 (2.50%) IBM
9 350 (2.41%) HP
10 323 (2.23%) Splunk
11 305 (2.10%) Atlassian
12 225 (1.55%) EMC
13 220 (1.52%) Juniper
14 217 (1.50%) NetApp
15 211 (1.45%) New Relic
16 197 (1.36%) SAP
17 186 (1.28%) SolarWinds
18 174 (1.20%) CheckPoint
19 169 (1.17%) Dell
20 153 (1.06%) Symantec