Period
to 20 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 20 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
20 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 20 20 16
Rank change year-on-year 0 -4 0
Permanent jobs citing Linux 4,451 13,044 16,217
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 9.85% 9.99% 10.40%
As % of the Operating Systems category 46.08% 43.53% 45.11%
Number of salaries quoted 3,986 10,635 13,654
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £54,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +1.85% +8.00%
10th Percentile £34,000 £31,750 £31,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 9,659 29,964 35,948
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 21.39% 22.96% 23.04%
Number of salaries quoted 7,983 23,854 29,196
Median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £29,000 £25,500 £25,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +5.56%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Linux in England.

Salary trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 20 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 20 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 1,891 £67,500 - 425
South East -3 834 £50,000 - 163
North of England -2 611 £49,000 +8.83% 186
South West +3 479 £46,000 +2.22% 136
North West +4 347 £49,000 +8.89% 125
Midlands 0 320 £52,500 +23.53% 86
East of England -2 278 £50,000 - 119
Yorkshire -7 218 £45,540 -5.13% 52
West Midlands -2 214 £55,000 +29.41% 60
East Midlands +5 103 £47,500 +5.56% 26
North East -9 46 £50,000 +11.11% 9
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 20 September 2020, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 1,663 (37.36%) Python
2 1,473 (33.09%) AWS
3 1,463 (32.87%) Windows
4 1,409 (31.66%) DevOps
5 1,195 (26.85%) Agile Software Development
6 1,051 (23.61%) Docker
7 938 (21.07%) Azure
8 898 (20.18%) Java
9 877 (19.70%) SQL
10 813 (18.27%) Ansible
11 809 (18.18%) Git (software)
12 806 (18.11%) Kubernetes
13 802 (18.02%) JavaScript
14 784 (17.61%) Terraform
15 751 (16.87%) Finance
16 720 (16.18%) Unix
17 685 (15.39%) Bash Shell
18 662 (14.87%) Microsoft
19 656 (14.74%) VMware
20 635 (14.27%) Jenkins
21 622 (13.97%) Software Engineering
22 586 (13.17%) MySQL
23 530 (11.91%) Puppet
24 511 (11.48%) PowerShell
25 501 (11.26%) PHP
26 487 (10.94%) C++
27 458 (10.29%) Degree
28 456 (10.24%) Problem-Solving
29 450 (10.11%) HTML
30 441 (9.91%) VMware Infrastructure

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 265 (5.95%) Apache
2 175 (3.93%) Confluence
3 141 (3.17%) Elasticsearch
4 85 (1.91%) Tomcat
5 75 (1.69%) nginx
6 67 (1.51%) IIS
7 66 (1.48%) Apache Spark
8 63 (1.42%) OpenStack
9 49 (1.10%) SharePoint
10 44 (0.99%) MS Exchange
11 42 (0.94%) WebSphere
12 41 (0.92%) WebLogic
13 40 (0.90%) Cloud Foundry
14 38 (0.85%) Skype for Business
15 21 (0.47%) WordPress
16 20 (0.45%) JBoss
17 17 (0.38%) CMS
18 16 (0.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 14 (0.31%) IBM Transformation Extender
20 12 (0.27%) Drupal
Applications
1 76 (1.71%) Microsoft Office
2 39 (0.88%) Microsoft Excel
3 32 (0.72%) MS Visio
4 8 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (0.11%) Photoshop
6 3 (0.067%) Adobe Illustrator
6 3 (0.067%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.045%) Adobe Premiere
7 2 (0.045%) Fireworks
7 2 (0.045%) Inkscape
7 2 (0.045%) Windchill
8 1 (0.022%) Abaqus
8 1 (0.022%) Adobe XD
8 1 (0.022%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.022%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 19 (0.43%) Magento
2 14 (0.31%) Sentinel
3 11 (0.25%) Remedy ITSM
4 9 (0.20%) Oracle Applications
5 7 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
5 7 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
6 6 (0.13%) FLEXCUBE
7 5 (0.11%) Salerio
8 4 (0.090%) Oracle BPM
8 4 (0.090%) Oracle EBS
8 4 (0.090%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 3 (0.067%) Oracle EBS R12
9 3 (0.067%) Oracle ERP
10 2 (0.045%) Markit EDM
10 2 (0.045%) SAP HR
10 2 (0.045%) Shopify
10 2 (0.045%) thinkFolio
10 2 (0.045%) Workfront
11 1 (0.022%) Faxination
11 1 (0.022%) OpenCart
Cloud Services
1 1,473 (33.09%) AWS
2 938 (21.07%) Azure
3 343 (7.71%) GCP
4 236 (5.30%) SaaS
5 217 (4.88%) Office 365
6 161 (3.62%) AWS CloudFormation
7 155 (3.48%) Serverless
8 146 (3.28%) IaaS
9 144 (3.24%) PaaS
10 140 (3.15%) GitHub
11 129 (2.90%) Amazon EC2
12 107 (2.40%) AWS Lambda
13 101 (2.27%) Amazon S3
14 99 (2.22%) Cloud Computing
15 95 (2.13%) OpenShift
16 77 (1.73%) Azure Active Directory
17 61 (1.37%) Route 53
18 57 (1.28%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 52 (1.17%) Datadog
20 40 (0.90%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 382 (8.58%) Firewall
2 335 (7.53%) TCP/IP
3 264 (5.93%) DNS
4 157 (3.53%) Network Security
5 146 (3.28%) VPN
6 137 (3.08%) SAN
7 133 (2.99%) DHCP
8 127 (2.85%) HTTP
9 124 (2.79%) WAN
10 123 (2.76%) LAN
11 107 (2.40%) Internet
12 103 (2.31%) Wireless
13 89 (2.00%) OSPF
14 79 (1.77%) BGP
15 78 (1.75%) SSL
16 75 (1.69%) VoIP
17 70 (1.57%) SNMP
18 66 (1.48%) Wireshark
19 64 (1.44%) Wi-Fi
20 55 (1.24%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 586 (13.17%) MySQL
2 418 (9.39%) SQL Server
3 283 (6.36%) NoSQL
4 262 (5.89%) PostgreSQL
5 205 (4.61%) MongoDB
6 159 (3.57%) Big Data
7 151 (3.39%) Relational Database
8 98 (2.20%) Amazon RDS
9 91 (2.04%) Hadoop
10 89 (2.00%) Oracle Database
11 81 (1.82%) Redis
12 72 (1.62%) Apache Cassandra
13 62 (1.39%) RDBMS
14 56 (1.26%) MariaDB
15 43 (0.97%) Oracle Reports
16 37 (0.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 37 (0.83%) Data Warehouse
17 30 (0.67%) Oracle Database 11g
18 29 (0.65%) CouchDB
19 25 (0.56%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 809 (18.18%) Git (software)
2 635 (14.27%) Jenkins
3 357 (8.02%) JIRA
4 214 (4.81%) GitLab
5 115 (2.58%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 93 (2.09%) Selenium
7 90 (2.02%) Bitbucket
8 85 (1.91%) TeamCity
9 80 (1.80%) Subversion
10 65 (1.46%) Sonatype Nexus
11 61 (1.37%) Maven
12 46 (1.03%) Octopus Deploy
13 43 (0.97%) Artifactory
14 41 (0.92%) Vagrant
15 40 (0.90%) Oracle APEX
16 37 (0.83%) Team Foundation Server
17 34 (0.76%) JUnit
18 32 (0.72%) CircleCI
19 29 (0.65%) Locust
20 27 (0.61%) PHPUnit
General
1 751 (16.87%) Finance
2 152 (3.41%) Telecoms
3 141 (3.17%) Banking
4 139 (3.12%) Public Sector
5 129 (2.90%) Law
6 123 (2.76%) Retail
7 80 (1.80%) Games
8 78 (1.75%) Electronics
9 75 (1.69%) Front Office
10 68 (1.53%) Marketing
11 60 (1.35%) Legal
12 51 (1.15%) Manufacturing
13 49 (1.10%) Back Office
14 38 (0.85%) Financial Institution
15 36 (0.81%) Advertising
16 25 (0.56%) Aerospace
16 25 (0.56%) Automotive
17 22 (0.49%) Investment Banking
18 17 (0.38%) Military
19 13 (0.29%) Digital Economy
Job Titles
1 964 (21.66%) Developer
2 765 (17.19%) DevOps Engineer
3 347 (7.80%) Linux Engineer
4 331 (7.44%) Software Engineer
5 297 (6.67%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 240 (5.39%) Administrator
7 230 (5.17%) AWS Engineer
8 215 (4.83%) Senior Developer
9 195 (4.38%) Analyst
10 191 (4.29%) PHP Developer
11 181 (4.07%) Java Developer
12 179 (4.02%) Cloud Engineer
13 165 (3.71%) AWS DevOps
14 162 (3.64%) Systems Administrator
15 155 (3.48%) Python Engineer
16 152 (3.41%) Support Engineer
17 147 (3.30%) AWS DevOps Engineer
18 141 (3.17%) Full Stack Developer
18 141 (3.17%) Python Developer
19 130 (2.92%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 450 (10.11%) HTML
2 391 (8.78%) CSS
3 261 (5.86%) Web Services
4 255 (5.73%) .NET
5 248 (5.57%) Node.js
6 207 (4.65%) jQuery
7 186 (4.18%) React
8 168 (3.77%) LAMP
9 167 (3.75%) REST
10 155 (3.48%) RESTful
11 148 (3.33%) Elastic Stack
12 147 (3.30%) Kafka
13 143 (3.21%) XML
14 142 (3.19%) Spring
15 135 (3.03%) AngularJS
16 133 (2.99%) Vue.js
17 120 (2.70%) JSON
18 112 (2.52%) Laravel
19 107 (2.40%) SOAP
20 102 (2.29%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 288 (6.47%) Analytical Skills
2 264 (5.93%) Data Centre
3 216 (4.85%) Public Cloud
4 137 (3.08%) Linux Command Line
4 137 (3.08%) Self-Motivation
5 117 (2.63%) Algorithms
6 116 (2.61%) Greenfield Project
7 102 (2.29%) Management Information System
8 99 (2.22%) Mobile App
9 76 (1.71%) Cloud Native
10 69 (1.55%) Hedge funds
10 69 (1.55%) User Experience
11 67 (1.51%) Private Cloud
12 66 (1.48%) PKI
13 59 (1.33%) Fixed Income
14 56 (1.26%) Data Structures
15 53 (1.19%) Clustering
16 47 (1.06%) Cyberthreat
17 46 (1.03%) Embedded Systems
18 44 (0.99%) Cybercrime
Operating Systems
1 1,463 (32.87%) Windows
2 720 (16.18%) Unix
3 413 (9.28%) Windows Server
4 383 (8.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 352 (7.91%) CentOS
6 226 (5.08%) Ubuntu
7 113 (2.54%) Solaris
8 102 (2.29%) Debian
9 97 (2.18%) Windows Server 2012
10 77 (1.73%) Windows Server 2016
11 74 (1.66%) Android
12 66 (1.48%) Mac OS
13 63 (1.42%) AIX
14 62 (1.39%) Mac OS X
15 55 (1.24%) Windows Server 2008
16 52 (1.17%) Windows 10
17 44 (0.99%) Apple iOS
18 40 (0.90%) Windows 7
19 34 (0.76%) Oracle Linux
20 32 (0.72%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,409 (31.66%) DevOps
2 1,195 (26.85%) Agile Software Development
3 622 (13.97%) Software Engineering
4 456 (10.24%) Problem-Solving
5 401 (9.01%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 376 (8.45%) Configuration Management
7 350 (7.86%) Continuous Integration
8 342 (7.68%) Test Automation
9 336 (7.55%) Infrastructure as Code
9 336 (7.55%) Open Source
10 311 (6.99%) Computer Science
11 307 (6.90%) Microservices
12 282 (6.34%) ITIL
13 281 (6.31%) Mentoring
14 279 (6.27%) Scrum
15 275 (6.18%) OO
16 240 (5.39%) TDD
17 237 (5.32%) High Availability
18 235 (5.28%) Cybersecurity
19 209 (4.70%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 1,663 (37.36%) Python
2 898 (20.18%) Java
3 877 (19.70%) SQL
4 802 (18.02%) JavaScript
5 685 (15.39%) Bash Shell
6 511 (11.48%) PowerShell
7 501 (11.26%) PHP
8 487 (10.94%) C++
9 318 (7.14%) C
10 301 (6.76%) C#
11 282 (6.34%) Ruby
12 260 (5.84%) Go
13 232 (5.21%) Perl
14 207 (4.65%) Shell Script
15 98 (2.20%) PL/SQL
16 97 (2.18%) Scala
17 92 (2.07%) Groovy
18 69 (1.55%) Java 8
18 69 (1.55%) TypeScript
19 64 (1.44%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 458 (10.29%) Degree
2 358 (8.04%) Security Cleared
3 235 (5.28%) SC Cleared
4 178 (4.00%) Computer Science Degree
5 160 (3.59%) Cisco Certification
6 115 (2.58%) DV Cleared
7 107 (2.40%) CCNA
8 99 (2.22%) Microsoft Certification
9 88 (1.98%) AWS Certification
10 72 (1.62%) CCNP
11 65 (1.46%) MCSA
12 59 (1.33%) CISSP
13 58 (1.30%) MCSE
14 55 (1.24%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 49 (1.10%) Master's Degree
16 42 (0.94%) CISM
16 42 (0.94%) RHCE
17 30 (0.67%) CCIE
18 29 (0.65%) CISA
19 26 (0.58%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 172 (3.86%) QA
2 127 (2.85%) SLA
3 99 (2.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 97 (2.18%) GDPR
5 50 (1.12%) NIST
6 31 (0.70%) ISO 9001
7 29 (0.65%) PCI DSS
8 20 (0.45%) NIST 800
9 15 (0.34%) Cyber Essentials
10 14 (0.31%) COBIT
10 14 (0.31%) NCSC
11 12 (0.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 7 (0.16%) PMO
13 6 (0.13%) HIPAA
14 4 (0.090%) AICPA
14 4 (0.090%) JTAG
15 3 (0.067%) FINRA
15 3 (0.067%) HL7
16 2 (0.045%) Data Quality
16 2 (0.045%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 1,051 (23.61%) Docker
2 441 (9.91%) VMware Infrastructure
3 420 (9.44%) Active Directory
4 191 (4.29%) Hyper-V
5 125 (2.81%) vSphere
6 77 (1.73%) VMware ESXi
7 65 (1.46%) Virtual Machines
8 45 (1.01%) Firmware
9 37 (0.83%) Virtual Servers
10 35 (0.79%) KVM
11 22 (0.49%) VirtualBox
12 21 (0.47%) Xen
13 19 (0.43%) NFS
14 17 (0.38%) LXC
14 17 (0.38%) vCloud
15 16 (0.36%) XenApp
16 15 (0.34%) Virtual Desktop
17 14 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 14 (0.31%) Oracle RAC
18 13 (0.29%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 813 (18.27%) Ansible
2 806 (18.11%) Kubernetes
3 784 (17.61%) Terraform
4 530 (11.91%) Puppet
5 268 (6.02%) Opscode Chef
6 136 (3.06%) Grafana
7 107 (2.40%) Prometheus
8 95 (2.13%) SCCM
9 83 (1.86%) Nagios
10 51 (1.15%) WSUS
11 50 (1.12%) SCOM
12 48 (1.08%) Packer
13 46 (1.03%) Graphite
14 43 (0.97%) Oracle RMAN
15 40 (0.90%) ZABBIX
16 36 (0.81%) Nessus
17 35 (0.79%) Docker Swarm
18 34 (0.76%) Red Hat Satellite
19 33 (0.74%) Data Guard
20 32 (0.72%) Kibana
Vendors
1 662 (14.87%) Microsoft
2 656 (14.74%) VMware
3 416 (9.35%) Red Hat
4 415 (9.32%) Oracle
5 263 (5.91%) Cisco
6 212 (4.76%) Google
7 160 (3.59%) Splunk
8 121 (2.72%) HP
9 94 (2.11%) IBM
10 86 (1.93%) SAP
11 76 (1.71%) Atlassian
12 70 (1.57%) Juniper
13 69 (1.55%) Citrix
14 64 (1.44%) Zend
15 59 (1.33%) Dell
16 51 (1.15%) SolarWinds
17 48 (1.08%) EMC
18 42 (0.94%) Palo Alto
19 41 (0.92%) Sun
20 40 (0.90%) Veeam