Period
to 16 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 16 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
16 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 16 16 16
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Linux 16,015 18,224 19,762
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 10.44% 11.07% 11.00%
As % of the Operating Systems category 45.46% 44.27% 43.95%
Number of salaries quoted 12,956 14,684 16,853
England median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,650
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £76,250
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 35,228 41,167 44,963
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 22.96% 25.02% 25.02%
Number of salaries quoted 28,615 33,354 38,531
England median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - +1.12%
10th Percentile £25,000 £25,000 £25,000
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +4.65%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Linux in England.

Salary trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 16 October 2018.

Salary histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 16 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 7,125 £65,000 +8.33% 1,127
South East 0 3,470 £48,500 +7.78% 530
North of England -1 1,998 £45,000 +5.88% 438
South West +3 1,337 £42,500 - 307
East of England +3 1,187 £52,500 +10.53% 307
North West +4 1,132 £46,250 +8.82% 245
Midlands -1 883 £42,500 +6.25% 230
Yorkshire -8 722 £45,000 +5.88% 139
West Midlands +2 577 £42,500 +6.25% 142
East Midlands -2 302 £40,000 +14.29% 88
North East +9 143 £45,000 +12.50% 54
South Coast - 4 - -
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 16 October 2018, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 5,802 (36.23%) Windows
2 5,493 (34.30%) Python
3 4,494 (28.06%) Amazon AWS
4 4,465 (27.88%) DevOps
5 4,403 (27.49%) Agile Software Development
6 4,185 (26.13%) Java
7 3,913 (24.43%) SQL
8 3,292 (20.56%) Unix
9 3,179 (19.85%) Finance
10 2,940 (18.36%) Docker
11 2,813 (17.56%) Git (software)
12 2,717 (16.97%) Ansible
13 2,662 (16.62%) Puppet
14 2,650 (16.55%) JavaScript
15 2,538 (15.85%) Microsoft Azure
16 2,432 (15.19%) Bash Shell
17 2,410 (15.05%) Jenkins
18 2,372 (14.81%) Software Engineering
19 2,348 (14.66%) Degree
20 2,325 (14.52%) MySQL
21 2,252 (14.06%) VMware
22 2,127 (13.28%) C++
23 2,068 (12.91%) Microsoft
24 1,897 (11.85%) Problem-Solving
25 1,865 (11.65%) Opscode Chef
26 1,846 (11.53%) Oracle
27 1,784 (11.14%) Red Hat
28 1,759 (10.98%) HTML
29 1,741 (10.87%) Continuous Integration
30 1,724 (10.76%) PHP

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,349 (8.42%) Apache
2 666 (4.16%) Tomcat
3 579 (3.62%) Confluence
4 569 (3.55%) Elasticsearch
5 501 (3.13%) IIS
6 402 (2.51%) nginx
7 382 (2.39%) OpenStack
8 363 (2.27%) JBoss
9 350 (2.19%) Apache Spark
10 305 (1.90%) MS Exchange
11 254 (1.59%) WebLogic
12 238 (1.49%) CMS
13 217 (1.35%) SharePoint
14 212 (1.32%) WebSphere
15 167 (1.04%) WordPress
16 119 (0.74%) Skype for Business
17 101 (0.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 99 (0.62%) Apache Solr
19 85 (0.53%) Drupal
20 77 (0.48%) Ethereum
Applications
1 320 (2.00%) Microsoft Office
2 148 (0.92%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 122 (0.76%) Microsoft Excel
4 71 (0.44%) MS Visio
5 41 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
6 35 (0.22%) Photoshop
7 20 (0.12%) Simulink
8 17 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
9 11 (0.069%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 9 (0.056%) HipChat
10 9 (0.056%) RoboHelp
11 8 (0.050%) Spreadsheet
12 7 (0.044%) Stateflow
12 7 (0.044%) TargetLink
13 4 (0.025%) Stata
13 4 (0.025%) Weka
14 3 (0.019%) GIMP
15 2 (0.012%) Adobe Premiere
15 2 (0.012%) Inkscape
15 2 (0.012%) Maya
Business Applications
1 80 (0.50%) Magento
2 52 (0.32%) Distributed Ledger
3 34 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
4 27 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
5 23 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
5 23 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
6 22 (0.14%) Relativity
7 18 (0.11%) Concordance
8 17 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
9 13 (0.081%) Oracle Applications
10 11 (0.069%) Documaker
11 9 (0.056%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 9 (0.056%) SAP Hybris
12 8 (0.050%) ION MarketView
12 8 (0.050%) NetSuite
13 7 (0.044%) Oracle EBS R12
13 7 (0.044%) SAP S/4HANA
14 6 (0.037%) MetaTrader
14 6 (0.037%) Oracle Retail
15 5 (0.031%) CiviCRM
Cloud Services
1 4,494 (28.06%) Amazon AWS
2 2,538 (15.85%) Microsoft Azure
3 787 (4.91%) Google Cloud Platform
4 717 (4.48%) SaaS
5 621 (3.88%) AWS CloudFormation
6 574 (3.58%) Amazon EC2
7 562 (3.51%) GitHub
8 556 (3.47%) Office 365
9 443 (2.77%) Amazon S3
10 392 (2.45%) Cloud Computing
11 309 (1.93%) IaaS
12 298 (1.86%) PaaS
13 251 (1.57%) Serverless
14 218 (1.36%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 190 (1.19%) AWS Lambda
16 177 (1.11%) Azure Active Directory
17 161 (1.01%) OpenShift
18 150 (0.94%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 137 (0.86%) Amazon SQS
20 108 (0.67%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 1,505 (9.40%) Firewall
2 1,188 (7.42%) TCP/IP
3 956 (5.97%) DNS
4 562 (3.51%) Internet
5 552 (3.45%) VPN
6 542 (3.38%) SAN
7 490 (3.06%) LAN
8 484 (3.02%) HTTP
9 479 (2.99%) WAN
10 436 (2.72%) Network Security
11 433 (2.70%) DHCP
12 313 (1.95%) SSL
13 281 (1.75%) VoIP
14 256 (1.60%) VLAN
14 256 (1.60%) Wireless
15 240 (1.50%) Wi-Fi
16 195 (1.22%) Intrusion Detection
17 184 (1.15%) BGP
18 177 (1.11%) SSH
19 159 (0.99%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,325 (14.52%) MySQL
2 1,615 (10.08%) SQL Server
3 991 (6.19%) PostgreSQL
4 941 (5.88%) Big Data
5 934 (5.83%) NoSQL
6 923 (5.76%) Relational Database
7 773 (4.83%) MongoDB
8 572 (3.57%) Oracle Database
9 514 (3.21%) Hadoop
10 403 (2.52%) Amazon RDS
11 364 (2.27%) RDBMS
12 332 (2.07%) Redis
13 302 (1.89%) Apache Cassandra
14 266 (1.66%) Blockchain
15 251 (1.57%) Data Warehouse
16 231 (1.44%) Apache Hive
17 207 (1.29%) DB2
18 181 (1.13%) Oracle Database 11g
19 180 (1.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 164 (1.02%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 2,813 (17.56%) Git (software)
2 2,410 (15.05%) Jenkins
3 1,327 (8.29%) JIRA
4 688 (4.30%) Subversion
5 614 (3.83%) Maven
6 605 (3.78%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 548 (3.42%) TeamCity
8 441 (2.75%) Selenium
9 379 (2.37%) Octopus Deploy
10 361 (2.25%) JUnit
11 310 (1.94%) Bitbucket
12 274 (1.71%) Vagrant
13 226 (1.41%) GitLab
14 223 (1.39%) Cucumber
15 219 (1.37%) Eclipse
16 200 (1.25%) Visual Studio
17 199 (1.24%) Team Foundation Server
18 196 (1.22%) Gradle
19 170 (1.06%) Sonatype Nexus
20 132 (0.82%) Travis CI
General
1 3,179 (19.85%) Finance
2 1,057 (6.60%) Banking
3 600 (3.75%) Retail
4 519 (3.24%) Telecoms
5 463 (2.89%) Marketing
6 373 (2.33%) Investment Banking
7 352 (2.20%) Games
8 319 (1.99%) Electronics
9 271 (1.69%) Financial Institution
10 228 (1.42%) Front Office
11 223 (1.39%) Advertising
12 211 (1.32%) Law
13 205 (1.28%) Legal
14 202 (1.26%) Manufacturing
15 155 (0.97%) Automotive
16 115 (0.72%) Back Office
17 99 (0.62%) Publishing
18 78 (0.49%) French Language
19 61 (0.38%) German Language
20 60 (0.37%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 3,716 (23.20%) Developer
2 2,387 (14.90%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,329 (8.30%) Linux Engineer
4 1,161 (7.25%) Software Engineer
5 1,157 (7.22%) Administrator
6 1,092 (6.82%) Analyst
7 1,091 (6.81%) Java Developer
8 777 (4.85%) Systems Administrator
9 755 (4.71%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 712 (4.45%) Senior Developer
11 666 (4.16%) Support Engineer
12 614 (3.83%) Architect
13 599 (3.74%) PHP Developer
14 589 (3.68%) Linux/Unix DevOps
15 585 (3.65%) Linux Administrator
16 564 (3.52%) AWS Engineer
17 558 (3.48%) Software Developer
18 547 (3.42%) Systems Engineer
19 540 (3.37%) Cloud Engineer
20 521 (3.25%) Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,759 (10.98%) HTML
2 1,470 (9.18%) CSS
3 1,325 (8.27%) Web Services
4 895 (5.59%) .NET
5 889 (5.55%) Spring
6 846 (5.28%) Node.js
7 823 (5.14%) LAMP
8 737 (4.60%) AngularJS
9 684 (4.27%) REST
10 645 (4.03%) jQuery
11 644 (4.02%) XML
12 560 (3.50%) HTML5
13 557 (3.48%) RESTful
14 526 (3.28%) React
15 480 (3.00%) JSON
16 429 (2.68%) Middleware
17 424 (2.65%) Elastic Stack
18 420 (2.62%) SOAP
19 409 (2.55%) Kafka
20 348 (2.17%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 1,427 (8.91%) Computer Science
2 1,037 (6.48%) Analytical Skills
3 818 (5.11%) Linux Command Line
4 762 (4.76%) Fintech
5 758 (4.73%) Data Centre
6 523 (3.27%) Self-Motivation
7 521 (3.25%) Management Information System
8 393 (2.45%) Public Cloud
9 383 (2.39%) Enterprise Software
10 351 (2.19%) Greenfield Project
11 329 (2.05%) Algorithms
12 326 (2.04%) User Experience
13 304 (1.90%) Private Cloud
14 262 (1.64%) Mobile App
15 261 (1.63%) Hedge funds
16 234 (1.46%) Replication
17 232 (1.45%) Clustering
18 225 (1.40%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 207 (1.29%) Equities
20 194 (1.21%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 5,802 (36.23%) Windows
2 3,292 (20.56%) Unix
3 1,533 (9.57%) Windows Server
4 1,495 (9.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1,081 (6.75%) CentOS
6 789 (4.93%) Ubuntu
7 508 (3.17%) Windows Server 2012
8 453 (2.83%) Windows Server 2008
9 416 (2.60%) Android
10 413 (2.58%) Solaris
11 383 (2.39%) Debian
12 332 (2.07%) Apple iOS
13 301 (1.88%) Windows 10
14 287 (1.79%) Mac OS X
15 257 (1.60%) AIX
16 247 (1.54%) Windows 7
17 189 (1.18%) Embedded Linux
18 161 (1.01%) Mac OS
19 141 (0.88%) Windows Server 2003
20 123 (0.77%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,465 (27.88%) DevOps
2 4,403 (27.49%) Agile Software Development
3 2,372 (14.81%) Software Engineering
4 1,897 (11.85%) Problem-Solving
5 1,741 (10.87%) Continuous Integration
6 1,579 (9.86%) Configuration Management
7 1,418 (8.85%) Test Automation
8 1,342 (8.38%) Open Source
9 1,329 (8.30%) Scrum
10 1,242 (7.76%) ITIL
11 1,133 (7.07%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 1,122 (7.01%) TDD
13 943 (5.89%) Microservices
14 863 (5.39%) OO
15 793 (4.95%) Cybersecurity
16 781 (4.88%) Mentoring
17 773 (4.83%) SDLC
18 745 (4.65%) Analytics
19 733 (4.58%) Information Security
20 702 (4.38%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 5,493 (34.30%) Python
2 4,185 (26.13%) Java
3 3,913 (24.43%) SQL
4 2,650 (16.55%) JavaScript
5 2,432 (15.19%) Bash Shell
6 2,127 (13.28%) C++
7 1,724 (10.76%) PHP
8 1,435 (8.96%) Perl
9 1,425 (8.90%) Ruby
10 1,389 (8.67%) PowerShell
11 1,297 (8.10%) C
12 1,183 (7.39%) C#
13 1,007 (6.29%) Shell Script
14 569 (3.55%) Go
15 332 (2.07%) Java 8
16 330 (2.06%) PL/SQL
17 313 (1.95%) Scala
18 198 (1.24%) ES6
19 197 (1.23%) Korn
20 176 (1.10%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 2,348 (14.66%) Degree
2 792 (4.95%) Security Cleared
3 666 (4.16%) Computer Science Degree
4 590 (3.68%) CISSP
5 539 (3.37%) Cisco Certification
6 401 (2.50%) SC Cleared
7 393 (2.45%) CCNA
8 372 (2.32%) Microsoft Certification
9 357 (2.23%) DV Cleared
10 253 (1.58%) MCSE
11 192 (1.20%) SANS
12 182 (1.14%) CCNP
13 181 (1.13%) AWS Certification
14 164 (1.02%) RHCE
15 163 (1.02%) GIAC
16 160 (1.00%) CompTIA Security+
17 155 (0.97%) Master's Degree
18 149 (0.93%) CISM
19 132 (0.82%) CEH
20 130 (0.81%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 673 (4.20%) QA
2 476 (2.97%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 328 (2.05%) SLA
4 224 (1.40%) GDPR
5 221 (1.38%) PCI DSS
6 99 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 47 (0.29%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 41 (0.26%) Data Quality
9 39 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials
10 34 (0.21%) PMO
11 31 (0.19%) ISO 9001
12 30 (0.19%) MiFID
13 27 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 25 (0.16%) COBIT
15 23 (0.14%) MISRA
16 20 (0.12%) ISO 22301
17 19 (0.12%) MISRA C
18 17 (0.11%) FISMA
19 15 (0.094%) ECSS
20 13 (0.081%) GPG13
System Software
1 2,940 (18.36%) Docker
2 1,619 (10.11%) Active Directory
3 1,493 (9.32%) VMware Infrastructure
4 583 (3.64%) Hyper-V
5 418 (2.61%) Virtual Machines
6 389 (2.43%) vSphere
7 384 (2.40%) VMware ESXi
8 158 (0.99%) KVM
9 132 (0.82%) HDFS
10 115 (0.72%) Xen
11 111 (0.69%) VirtualBox
12 110 (0.69%) Firmware
13 109 (0.68%) NFS
14 106 (0.66%) Oracle RAC
15 94 (0.59%) XenApp
16 83 (0.52%) iptables
17 81 (0.51%) Virtual Servers
18 72 (0.45%) Apache ZooKeeper
19 69 (0.43%) Snort
20 64 (0.40%) Samba
Systems Management
1 2,717 (16.97%) Ansible
2 2,662 (16.62%) Puppet
3 1,865 (11.65%) Opscode Chef
4 1,626 (10.15%) Kubernetes
5 1,142 (7.13%) Terraform
6 416 (2.60%) Nagios
7 399 (2.49%) Salt
8 258 (1.61%) ZABBIX
9 244 (1.52%) Docker Swarm
10 205 (1.28%) SCCM
11 184 (1.15%) Packer
12 164 (1.02%) Kibana
13 149 (0.93%) Prometheus
14 145 (0.91%) vCenter Server
15 139 (0.87%) Grafana
16 119 (0.74%) logstash
17 117 (0.73%) Graphite
17 117 (0.73%) HAProxy
18 108 (0.67%) SCOM
19 104 (0.65%) Rancher
Vendors
1 2,252 (14.06%) VMware
2 2,068 (12.91%) Microsoft
3 1,846 (11.53%) Oracle
4 1,784 (11.14%) Red Hat
5 1,031 (6.44%) Cisco
6 784 (4.90%) Google
7 426 (2.66%) Citrix
8 389 (2.43%) Splunk
9 382 (2.39%) HP
10 368 (2.30%) IBM
11 290 (1.81%) Atlassian
12 266 (1.66%) New Relic
13 260 (1.62%) NetApp
14 241 (1.50%) EMC
15 235 (1.47%) Sybase
16 226 (1.41%) SAP
17 204 (1.27%) Juniper
18 195 (1.22%) ServiceNow
19 189 (1.18%) SolarWinds
20 182 (1.14%) SaltStack