Period
to 20 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 20 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
20 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 16 16 16
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Linux 17,096 17,944 20,571
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 10.60% 11.06% 10.88%
As % of the Operating Systems category 45.23% 45.03% 41.90%
Number of salaries quoted 13,734 15,038 17,544
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +2.04% +3.16%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £76,250
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 37,801 39,849 49,099
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 23.44% 24.56% 25.96%
Number of salaries quoted 30,828 33,386 41,997
England median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £25,750 £25,000 £25,000
90th Percentile £76,250 £73,750 £72,500
UK median annual salary £46,000 £44,500 £44,000
% change year-on-year +3.37% +1.14% +3.53%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Linux in England.

Salary trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 20 June 2018.

Salary histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 20 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 7,338 £65,000 +8.33% 1,046
South East 0 3,565 £47,500 +5.56% 541
North of England -1 2,082 £45,000 +12.50% 375
East of England +6 1,630 £52,500 +16.67% 297
South West +5 1,436 £42,500 +3.66% 247
North West +1 1,204 £45,000 +12.50% 214
Midlands -1 1,048 £45,000 +12.50% 210
Yorkshire -9 757 £45,000 +5.88% 130
West Midlands -3 662 £45,000 +12.50% 148
East Midlands +2 385 £45,000 +12.50% 61
North East +8 122 £37,500 +7.14% 31
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 20 June 2018, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 5,799 (33.92%) Windows
2 5,589 (32.69%) Python
3 4,896 (28.64%) Agile Software Development
4 4,824 (28.22%) Amazon AWS
5 4,815 (28.16%) DevOps
6 4,477 (26.19%) Java
7 4,001 (23.40%) SQL
8 3,461 (20.24%) Unix
9 3,174 (18.57%) Git (software)
10 3,014 (17.63%) JavaScript
11 3,002 (17.56%) Finance
12 2,840 (16.61%) Docker
13 2,817 (16.48%) Puppet
14 2,735 (16.00%) MySQL
15 2,708 (15.84%) Ansible
16 2,559 (14.97%) Software Engineering
17 2,557 (14.96%) Jenkins
18 2,532 (14.81%) Degree
19 2,440 (14.27%) Microsoft Azure
20 2,407 (14.08%) Bash Shell
21 2,340 (13.69%) VMware
22 2,306 (13.49%) C++
23 2,146 (12.55%) Continuous Integration
24 2,136 (12.49%) Problem-Solving
25 2,124 (12.42%) Oracle
26 2,049 (11.99%) Opscode Chef
27 1,993 (11.66%) PHP
27 1,993 (11.66%) Microsoft
28 1,988 (11.63%) HTML
29 1,745 (10.21%) CSS

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,651 (9.66%) Apache
2 844 (4.94%) Tomcat
3 591 (3.46%) Elasticsearch
4 570 (3.33%) Confluence
5 504 (2.95%) nginx
6 482 (2.82%) IIS
7 412 (2.41%) OpenStack
8 410 (2.40%) Apache Spark
9 374 (2.19%) JBoss
10 306 (1.79%) CMS
11 281 (1.64%) MS Exchange
12 262 (1.53%) WebLogic
13 253 (1.48%) WebSphere
14 224 (1.31%) WordPress
15 177 (1.04%) SharePoint
16 165 (0.97%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 118 (0.69%) Ethereum
18 113 (0.66%) Apache Solr
19 108 (0.63%) Drupal
20 96 (0.56%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 293 (1.71%) Microsoft Office
2 143 (0.84%) Microsoft Excel
3 66 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 61 (0.36%) MS Visio
5 52 (0.30%) Photoshop
6 21 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 20 (0.12%) Simulink
8 19 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
9 12 (0.070%) SPSS
10 10 (0.058%) Spreadsheet
11 9 (0.053%) Chatbot
11 9 (0.053%) Weka
12 8 (0.047%) Adobe Illustrator
12 8 (0.047%) HipChat
12 8 (0.047%) Stata
13 6 (0.035%) GIMP
13 6 (0.035%) Maya
13 6 (0.035%) Stateflow
13 6 (0.035%) TargetLink
14 5 (0.029%) NUKE
Business Applications
1 115 (0.67%) Magento
2 75 (0.44%) Distributed Ledger
3 43 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
4 32 (0.19%) Remedy ITSM
5 27 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
6 23 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
7 21 (0.12%) MetaTrader
8 17 (0.099%) Documaker
9 16 (0.094%) Oracle Applications
10 13 (0.076%) Oracle EBS R12
10 13 (0.076%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 12 (0.070%) BusinessWorks
11 12 (0.070%) SAP Hybris
12 10 (0.058%) Concordance
12 10 (0.058%) Relativity
13 9 (0.053%) Oracle BPM
13 9 (0.053%) Rolfe and Nolan
14 8 (0.047%) NetSuite
14 8 (0.047%) Shopify
15 7 (0.041%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 4,824 (28.22%) Amazon AWS
2 2,440 (14.27%) Microsoft Azure
3 858 (5.02%) SaaS
4 658 (3.85%) Amazon EC2
5 651 (3.81%) AWS CloudFormation
6 576 (3.37%) Google Cloud Platform
7 520 (3.04%) GitHub
8 516 (3.02%) Office 365
9 486 (2.84%) Amazon S3
10 436 (2.55%) IaaS
11 371 (2.17%) Cloud Computing
12 339 (1.98%) PaaS
13 260 (1.52%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 240 (1.40%) Serverless
15 184 (1.08%) AWS Lambda
16 179 (1.05%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 159 (0.93%) OpenShift
18 154 (0.90%) Amazon ELB
19 125 (0.73%) Amazon SQS
20 122 (0.71%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 1,498 (8.76%) Firewall
2 1,330 (7.78%) TCP/IP
3 1,140 (6.67%) DNS
4 597 (3.49%) SAN
5 593 (3.47%) HTTP
6 588 (3.44%) Internet
7 577 (3.38%) VPN
8 520 (3.04%) DHCP
9 480 (2.81%) WAN
10 460 (2.69%) Network Security
11 455 (2.66%) LAN
12 341 (1.99%) SSL
13 275 (1.61%) VoIP
14 242 (1.42%) VLAN
15 238 (1.39%) Wireless
16 214 (1.25%) NAS
17 209 (1.22%) Cisco ASA
18 189 (1.11%) SSH
19 168 (0.98%) SMTP
20 164 (0.96%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,735 (16.00%) MySQL
2 1,595 (9.33%) SQL Server
3 1,155 (6.76%) PostgreSQL
4 1,113 (6.51%) NoSQL
5 996 (5.83%) MongoDB
6 911 (5.33%) Big Data
7 885 (5.18%) Relational Database
8 673 (3.94%) Oracle Database
9 606 (3.54%) Hadoop
10 443 (2.59%) Redis
11 422 (2.47%) RDBMS
12 380 (2.22%) Amazon RDS
13 338 (1.98%) Apache Cassandra
14 310 (1.81%) Blockchain
15 284 (1.66%) Data Warehouse
16 205 (1.20%) DB2
17 202 (1.18%) Apache Hive
18 175 (1.02%) HBase
19 172 (1.01%) Oracle Database 11g
20 165 (0.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 3,174 (18.57%) Git (software)
2 2,557 (14.96%) Jenkins
3 1,345 (7.87%) JIRA
4 803 (4.70%) Subversion
5 563 (3.29%) Maven
6 561 (3.28%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 534 (3.12%) TeamCity
8 500 (2.92%) Selenium
9 411 (2.40%) JUnit
10 343 (2.01%) Vagrant
11 283 (1.66%) Octopus Deploy
12 273 (1.60%) Cucumber
13 267 (1.56%) Bitbucket
14 227 (1.33%) Eclipse
15 221 (1.29%) Gradle
16 204 (1.19%) Team Foundation Server
17 195 (1.14%) GitLab
18 177 (1.04%) Visual Studio
19 167 (0.98%) Ant
20 151 (0.88%) GoCD
General
1 3,002 (17.56%) Finance
2 1,095 (6.41%) Banking
3 723 (4.23%) Retail
4 546 (3.19%) Telecoms
5 506 (2.96%) Marketing
6 392 (2.29%) Games
7 354 (2.07%) Investment Banking
8 293 (1.71%) Advertising
9 283 (1.66%) Financial Institution
10 281 (1.64%) Electronics
11 275 (1.61%) Front Office
12 197 (1.15%) Law
13 190 (1.11%) Manufacturing
14 153 (0.89%) Legal
15 138 (0.81%) Back Office
16 133 (0.78%) Automotive
17 125 (0.73%) Publishing
18 81 (0.47%) French Language
19 78 (0.46%) Billing
20 69 (0.40%) German Language
Job Titles
1 4,354 (25.47%) Developer
2 2,488 (14.55%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,545 (9.04%) Linux Engineer
4 1,263 (7.39%) Software Engineer
5 1,168 (6.83%) Java Developer
6 1,053 (6.16%) Administrator
7 983 (5.75%) Analyst
8 845 (4.94%) Senior Developer
9 814 (4.76%) PHP Developer
10 693 (4.05%) Cloud Engineer
11 690 (4.04%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 690 (4.04%) Systems Administrator
12 684 (4.00%) Linux/Unix DevOps
13 666 (3.90%) AWS Engineer
14 655 (3.83%) Software Developer
14 655 (3.83%) Support Engineer
15 638 (3.73%) Systems Engineer
16 615 (3.60%) Architect
17 580 (3.39%) AWS DevOps
18 555 (3.25%) Linux DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,988 (11.63%) HTML
2 1,745 (10.21%) CSS
3 1,658 (9.70%) Web Services
4 1,009 (5.90%) .NET
5 971 (5.68%) LAMP
6 934 (5.46%) Node.js
7 851 (4.98%) Spring
8 850 (4.97%) AngularJS
9 833 (4.87%) jQuery
10 826 (4.83%) REST
11 692 (4.05%) XML
12 671 (3.92%) RESTful
13 591 (3.46%) HTML5
14 535 (3.13%) Middleware
15 526 (3.08%) JSON
16 510 (2.98%) React
17 470 (2.75%) Kafka
18 444 (2.60%) SOAP
19 374 (2.19%) Hibernate
20 370 (2.16%) Laravel
Miscellaneous
1 1,632 (9.55%) Computer Science
2 1,101 (6.44%) Analytical Skills
3 882 (5.16%) Linux Command Line
4 780 (4.56%) Data Centre
5 756 (4.42%) Fintech
6 584 (3.42%) Self-Motivation
7 496 (2.90%) User Experience
8 470 (2.75%) Algorithms
9 467 (2.73%) Public Cloud
10 419 (2.45%) Management Information System
11 352 (2.06%) Enterprise Software
12 332 (1.94%) Mobile App
13 320 (1.87%) Greenfield Project
14 292 (1.71%) Private Cloud
15 252 (1.47%) Replication
16 240 (1.40%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 230 (1.35%) Clustering
18 224 (1.31%) Equities
19 213 (1.25%) Hedge funds
20 193 (1.13%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 5,799 (33.92%) Windows
2 3,461 (20.24%) Unix
3 1,420 (8.31%) Windows Server
4 1,387 (8.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1,052 (6.15%) CentOS
6 708 (4.14%) Ubuntu
7 472 (2.76%) Solaris
8 446 (2.61%) Android
9 435 (2.54%) Windows Server 2012
10 419 (2.45%) Debian
11 417 (2.44%) Windows Server 2008
12 306 (1.79%) Mac OS X
13 272 (1.59%) Apple iOS
14 251 (1.47%) Embedded Linux
15 243 (1.42%) AIX
16 230 (1.35%) Mac OS
17 194 (1.13%) Windows 10
18 166 (0.97%) Windows 7
19 121 (0.71%) HPUX
20 113 (0.66%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,896 (28.64%) Agile Software Development
2 4,815 (28.16%) DevOps
3 2,559 (14.97%) Software Engineering
4 2,146 (12.55%) Continuous Integration
5 2,136 (12.49%) Problem-Solving
6 1,677 (9.81%) Configuration Management
7 1,561 (9.13%) Test Automation
8 1,554 (9.09%) TDD
9 1,533 (8.97%) Scrum
10 1,407 (8.23%) ITIL
11 1,364 (7.98%) Open Source
12 1,117 (6.53%) OO
13 1,001 (5.86%) Microservices
14 958 (5.60%) MVC
15 871 (5.09%) SDLC
16 846 (4.95%) Analytics
17 790 (4.62%) Web Development
18 786 (4.60%) Mentoring
19 763 (4.46%) E-Commerce
20 752 (4.40%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 5,589 (32.69%) Python
2 4,477 (26.19%) Java
3 4,001 (23.40%) SQL
4 3,014 (17.63%) JavaScript
5 2,407 (14.08%) Bash Shell
6 2,306 (13.49%) C++
7 1,993 (11.66%) PHP
8 1,621 (9.48%) Ruby
9 1,537 (8.99%) C
10 1,533 (8.97%) Perl
11 1,390 (8.13%) PowerShell
12 1,252 (7.32%) C#
13 1,048 (6.13%) Shell Script
14 466 (2.73%) Go
15 398 (2.33%) Scala
16 375 (2.19%) Java 8
17 303 (1.77%) PL/SQL
18 219 (1.28%) ES6
19 209 (1.22%) Groovy
20 184 (1.08%) Embedded C
Qualifications
1 2,532 (14.81%) Degree
2 750 (4.39%) Security Cleared
3 717 (4.19%) Computer Science Degree
4 543 (3.18%) Cisco Certification
5 414 (2.42%) Microsoft Certification
6 407 (2.38%) CCNA
7 355 (2.08%) SC Cleared
8 320 (1.87%) CISSP
9 313 (1.83%) DV Cleared
10 290 (1.70%) MCSE
11 212 (1.24%) CCNP
12 202 (1.18%) AWS Certification
13 158 (0.92%) Master's Degree
14 150 (0.88%) MCSA
15 135 (0.79%) Numerate Degree
15 135 (0.79%) PhD
16 127 (0.74%) RHCE
17 126 (0.74%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
18 120 (0.70%) CISM
19 116 (0.68%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 746 (4.36%) QA
2 348 (2.04%) SLA
3 267 (1.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 224 (1.31%) GCP
5 191 (1.12%) PCI DSS
6 102 (0.60%) GDPR
7 63 (0.37%) Data Quality
8 49 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 40 (0.23%) ISO 9001
10 39 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 34 (0.20%) PMO
12 22 (0.13%) MISRA
12 22 (0.13%) PSD2
13 18 (0.11%) MISRA C
14 17 (0.099%) Cyber Essentials
15 16 (0.094%) HIPAA
16 15 (0.088%) MiFID
17 14 (0.082%) COBIT
18 10 (0.058%) Disclosure Scotland
19 9 (0.053%) SEPA
System Software
1 2,840 (16.61%) Docker
2 1,466 (8.58%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1,463 (8.56%) Active Directory
4 615 (3.60%) Hyper-V
5 396 (2.32%) Virtual Machines
6 391 (2.29%) vSphere
7 316 (1.85%) VMware ESXi
8 162 (0.95%) KVM
9 160 (0.94%) HDFS
10 141 (0.82%) Xen
11 138 (0.81%) Oracle RAC
12 135 (0.79%) VirtualBox
13 132 (0.77%) Firmware
14 104 (0.61%) XenApp
15 102 (0.60%) Apache Flume
16 90 (0.53%) Virtual Servers
17 81 (0.47%) iptables
17 81 (0.47%) NFS
18 73 (0.43%) VMware NSX
19 66 (0.39%) LXC
Systems Management
1 2,817 (16.48%) Puppet
2 2,708 (15.84%) Ansible
3 2,049 (11.99%) Opscode Chef
4 1,417 (8.29%) Kubernetes
5 1,154 (6.75%) Terraform
6 499 (2.92%) Nagios
7 312 (1.82%) Salt
8 206 (1.20%) Kibana
9 195 (1.14%) Packer
10 194 (1.13%) Docker Swarm
11 178 (1.04%) ZABBIX
12 162 (0.95%) SCCM
13 149 (0.87%) logstash
14 126 (0.74%) vCenter Server
15 125 (0.73%) HAProxy
15 125 (0.73%) SCOM
16 104 (0.61%) Graphite
17 100 (0.58%) Grafana
17 100 (0.58%) Rancher
18 97 (0.57%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 2,340 (13.69%) VMware
2 2,124 (12.42%) Oracle
3 1,993 (11.66%) Microsoft
4 1,662 (9.72%) Red Hat
5 979 (5.73%) Cisco
6 736 (4.31%) Google
7 513 (3.00%) Splunk
8 436 (2.55%) Citrix
9 427 (2.50%) HP
10 418 (2.45%) IBM
11 278 (1.63%) New Relic
12 275 (1.61%) Atlassian
13 262 (1.53%) SAP
14 242 (1.42%) WorldPay
15 229 (1.34%) NetApp
16 218 (1.28%) Sybase
17 203 (1.19%) Juniper
18 196 (1.15%) Apple
19 189 (1.11%) EMC
20 187 (1.09%) SaltStack