Period
to 17 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 17 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
17 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 20 16 16
Rank change year-on-year -4 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Linux 12,546 15,970 18,215
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 9.90% 10.42% 11.09%
As % of the Operating Systems category 43.01% 45.42% 44.30%
Number of salaries quoted 9,669 12,922 14,672
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 29,171 35,162 41,117
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 23.01% 22.95% 25.02%
Number of salaries quoted 23,337 28,559 33,306
England median annual salary £45,839 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -3.50% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £25,250 £25,000 £25,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £45,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% -

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Linux in England.

Salary trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2019.

Salary histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 17 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 5,111 £67,500 +3.85% 859
South East -2 2,730 £47,500 -2.06% 503
North of England -2 1,645 £45,100 +0.22% 385
South West +3 1,299 £45,000 +5.88% 291
Midlands +6 879 £42,500 - 214
North West -6 862 £45,000 -4.06% 210
East of England +2 859 £47,500 -9.52% 324
Yorkshire +3 671 £48,000 +6.67% 123
West Midlands +5 590 £42,500 - 132
East Midlands +5 287 £45,000 +10.43% 80
North East -1 113 £45,024 +0.05% 52
South Coast +1 4 £60,000 -
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 17 October 2019, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 4,504 (35.90%) Python
2 4,328 (34.50%) Windows
3 3,855 (30.73%) AWS
4 3,611 (28.78%) DevOps
5 3,500 (27.90%) Agile Software Development
6 2,789 (22.23%) Java
7 2,737 (21.82%) Docker
8 2,556 (20.37%) Unix
9 2,547 (20.30%) SQL
10 2,394 (19.08%) Azure
11 2,194 (17.49%) Ansible
12 2,164 (17.25%) Finance
13 2,111 (16.83%) Bash Shell
14 1,994 (15.89%) Git (software)
15 1,914 (15.26%) Kubernetes
16 1,857 (14.80%) Software Engineering
17 1,807 (14.40%) JavaScript
18 1,759 (14.02%) Puppet
19 1,693 (13.49%) Microsoft
20 1,676 (13.36%) Degree
20 1,676 (13.36%) Jenkins
21 1,649 (13.14%) VMware
22 1,563 (12.46%) Problem-Solving
23 1,513 (12.06%) Firewall
24 1,511 (12.04%) MySQL
25 1,503 (11.98%) C++
26 1,449 (11.55%) Terraform
27 1,244 (9.92%) Opscode Chef
28 1,200 (9.56%) Windows Server
29 1,195 (9.52%) PHP

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 751 (5.99%) Apache
2 449 (3.58%) Elasticsearch
3 396 (3.16%) Apache Spark
4 355 (2.83%) Tomcat
5 346 (2.76%) nginx
6 302 (2.41%) Confluence
7 293 (2.34%) IIS
8 250 (1.99%) MS Exchange
9 241 (1.92%) SharePoint
10 233 (1.86%) OpenStack
11 173 (1.38%) JBoss
12 108 (0.86%) WordPress
13 101 (0.81%) WebSphere
14 89 (0.71%) WebLogic
15 76 (0.61%) CMS
16 67 (0.53%) Exchange Server 2013
17 65 (0.52%) Apache Solr
18 64 (0.51%) Drupal
19 62 (0.49%) Exchange Server 2010
20 42 (0.33%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 279 (2.22%) Microsoft Office
2 51 (0.41%) Microsoft Excel
3 43 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 39 (0.31%) MS Visio
5 29 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
6 17 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
7 14 (0.11%) Chatbot
7 14 (0.11%) Photoshop
8 11 (0.088%) NUKE
9 10 (0.080%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 10 (0.080%) Maya
10 8 (0.064%) Sketch
11 7 (0.056%) Simulink
12 6 (0.048%) CINEMA 4D
12 6 (0.048%) GNU Octave
12 6 (0.048%) MODO
13 5 (0.040%) Adobe Illustrator
13 5 (0.040%) CATIA
14 4 (0.032%) InfoPath
15 2 (0.016%) Adobe After Effects
Business Applications
1 35 (0.28%) Oracle EBS
2 33 (0.26%) Magento
3 32 (0.26%) Oracle ERP
4 25 (0.20%) Oracle Applications
4 25 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
5 22 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
6 16 (0.13%) Oracle EBS R12
7 14 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 11 (0.088%) Distributed Ledger
8 11 (0.088%) SAP S/4HANA
8 11 (0.088%) Shopify
9 10 (0.080%) R3 Corda
10 9 (0.072%) SAP ERP
10 9 (0.072%) Teamcenter
11 8 (0.064%) BusinessWorks
11 8 (0.064%) CiviCRM
11 8 (0.064%) Dynamics AX
12 7 (0.056%) Odoo
12 7 (0.056%) Q-Pulse
12 7 (0.056%) Sage CRM
Cloud Services
1 3,855 (30.73%) AWS
2 2,394 (19.08%) Azure
3 1,171 (9.33%) GCP
4 605 (4.82%) Office 365
5 549 (4.38%) SaaS
6 444 (3.54%) AWS CloudFormation
7 377 (3.00%) Amazon EC2
8 360 (2.87%) GitHub
8 360 (2.87%) IaaS
9 327 (2.61%) Serverless
10 302 (2.41%) PaaS
11 297 (2.37%) Amazon S3
12 295 (2.35%) Cloud Computing
13 250 (1.99%) AWS Lambda
14 184 (1.47%) OpenShift
15 154 (1.23%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 148 (1.18%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 131 (1.04%) Amazon ECS
18 112 (0.89%) Amazon SQS
18 112 (0.89%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 1,513 (12.06%) Firewall
2 994 (7.92%) DNS
3 909 (7.25%) TCP/IP
4 746 (5.95%) WAN
5 672 (5.36%) VPN
6 539 (4.30%) Network Security
7 483 (3.85%) LAN
8 429 (3.42%) DHCP
9 393 (3.13%) OSPF
10 390 (3.11%) SAN
11 368 (2.93%) BGP
12 355 (2.83%) Internet
13 347 (2.77%) Cisco Nexus
14 341 (2.72%) MPLS
15 337 (2.69%) Cisco ASA
16 320 (2.55%) SMTP
17 311 (2.48%) HTTP
18 308 (2.45%) IPsec
19 286 (2.28%) NetScaler
20 276 (2.20%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,511 (12.04%) MySQL
2 1,103 (8.79%) SQL Server
3 711 (5.67%) PostgreSQL
4 669 (5.33%) Big Data
5 589 (4.69%) NoSQL
6 502 (4.00%) MongoDB
7 494 (3.94%) Relational Database
8 334 (2.66%) Hadoop
9 282 (2.25%) Amazon RDS
10 281 (2.24%) Oracle Database
11 209 (1.67%) Apache Hive
12 206 (1.64%) Apache Cassandra
13 201 (1.60%) Redis
14 163 (1.30%) RDBMS
15 145 (1.16%) Data Warehouse
16 138 (1.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 123 (0.98%) MariaDB
18 96 (0.77%) DB2
19 95 (0.76%) Blockchain
20 73 (0.58%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 1,994 (15.89%) Git (software)
2 1,676 (13.36%) Jenkins
3 907 (7.23%) JIRA
4 382 (3.04%) Subversion
5 322 (2.57%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 292 (2.33%) Bitbucket
7 287 (2.29%) Maven
8 286 (2.28%) TeamCity
9 280 (2.23%) Selenium
10 232 (1.85%) Octopus Deploy
11 220 (1.75%) GitLab
12 187 (1.49%) JUnit
13 181 (1.44%) Cucumber
14 150 (1.20%) Team Foundation Server
15 140 (1.12%) Visual Studio
16 134 (1.07%) Vagrant
17 130 (1.04%) Travis CI
18 125 (1.00%) Sonatype Nexus
19 120 (0.96%) JMeter
20 101 (0.81%) git-flow
General
1 2,164 (17.25%) Finance
2 584 (4.65%) Banking
3 541 (4.31%) Telecoms
4 469 (3.74%) Public Sector
5 463 (3.69%) Retail
6 341 (2.72%) Marketing
7 278 (2.22%) Games
8 262 (2.09%) Manufacturing
9 258 (2.06%) Electronics
10 176 (1.40%) Automotive
11 155 (1.24%) Front Office
12 120 (0.96%) Law
13 99 (0.79%) Advertising
14 97 (0.77%) Investment Banking
15 92 (0.73%) Aerospace
16 79 (0.63%) Legal
17 73 (0.58%) Back Office
18 65 (0.52%) Financial Institution
18 65 (0.52%) Military
19 47 (0.37%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 2,622 (20.90%) Developer
2 1,847 (14.72%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,028 (8.19%) Software Engineer
4 863 (6.88%) Linux Engineer
5 764 (6.09%) Analyst
6 682 (5.44%) Administrator
7 630 (5.02%) Java Developer
8 587 (4.68%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 583 (4.65%) Support Engineer
10 556 (4.43%) Architect
11 523 (4.17%) AWS Engineer
11 523 (4.17%) Cloud Engineer
12 499 (3.98%) PHP Developer
13 490 (3.91%) Network Engineer
14 487 (3.88%) Senior Developer
15 469 (3.74%) Systems Administrator
16 421 (3.36%) Senior DevOps
17 420 (3.35%) Consultant
18 411 (3.28%) Security Engineer
19 390 (3.11%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 940 (7.49%) Web Services
2 938 (7.48%) HTML
3 893 (7.12%) CSS
4 733 (5.84%) .NET
5 693 (5.52%) Node.js
6 575 (4.58%) Spring
7 533 (4.25%) AngularJS
8 507 (4.04%) Kafka
9 502 (4.00%) LAMP
10 475 (3.79%) REST
11 466 (3.71%) Elastic Stack
12 443 (3.53%) RESTful
13 442 (3.52%) React
14 405 (3.23%) JSON
15 364 (2.90%) XML
16 360 (2.87%) jQuery
17 313 (2.49%) SOAP
18 303 (2.42%) Laravel
19 284 (2.26%) HTML5
20 246 (1.96%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 917 (7.31%) Analytical Skills
2 709 (5.65%) Data Centre
3 640 (5.10%) Management Information System
4 558 (4.45%) Public Cloud
5 484 (3.86%) Linux Command Line
6 421 (3.36%) Self-Motivation
7 319 (2.54%) Algorithms
8 308 (2.45%) Greenfield Project
9 257 (2.05%) User Experience
10 246 (1.96%) Replication
11 221 (1.76%) Clustering
12 201 (1.60%) Enterprise Software
13 200 (1.59%) Private Cloud
14 188 (1.50%) Mobile App
15 186 (1.48%) Hedge funds
16 178 (1.42%) Embedded Systems
17 174 (1.39%) Hybrid Cloud
18 166 (1.32%) Virtual Team
19 146 (1.16%) Data Structures
19 146 (1.16%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 4,328 (34.50%) Windows
2 2,556 (20.37%) Unix
3 1,200 (9.56%) Windows Server
4 877 (6.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 858 (6.84%) CentOS
6 584 (4.65%) Ubuntu
7 410 (3.27%) Windows Server 2012
8 310 (2.47%) Debian
9 301 (2.40%) Android
10 269 (2.14%) Windows 10
11 268 (2.14%) Windows Server 2008
12 243 (1.94%) Solaris
13 242 (1.93%) Windows 7
14 216 (1.72%) Mac OS
15 205 (1.63%) Apple iOS
16 164 (1.31%) AIX
17 119 (0.95%) Embedded Linux
18 97 (0.77%) Windows 8
19 90 (0.72%) SUSE
20 73 (0.58%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,611 (28.78%) DevOps
2 3,500 (27.90%) Agile Software Development
3 1,857 (14.80%) Software Engineering
4 1,563 (12.46%) Problem-Solving
5 1,163 (9.27%) Continuous Integration
6 1,127 (8.98%) Configuration Management
7 1,098 (8.75%) Computer Science
8 1,041 (8.30%) ITIL
9 983 (7.84%) Test Automation
10 951 (7.58%) Scrum
11 894 (7.13%) Cybersecurity
12 888 (7.08%) Open Source
13 862 (6.87%) Infrastructure Engineering
14 835 (6.66%) Microservices
15 746 (5.95%) TDD
16 744 (5.93%) OO
17 737 (5.87%) Mentoring
18 718 (5.72%) Infrastructure as Code
19 636 (5.07%) Fintech
20 634 (5.05%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 4,504 (35.90%) Python
2 2,789 (22.23%) Java
3 2,547 (20.30%) SQL
4 2,111 (16.83%) Bash Shell
5 1,807 (14.40%) JavaScript
6 1,503 (11.98%) C++
7 1,195 (9.52%) PHP
8 1,137 (9.06%) PowerShell
9 1,101 (8.78%) C
10 954 (7.60%) Perl
11 932 (7.43%) Ruby
12 921 (7.34%) C#
13 588 (4.69%) Shell Script
14 524 (4.18%) Go
15 265 (2.11%) Scala
16 197 (1.57%) Java 8
17 179 (1.43%) PL/SQL
18 156 (1.24%) TypeScript
19 132 (1.05%) R
20 105 (0.84%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 1,676 (13.36%) Degree
2 848 (6.76%) Security Cleared
3 726 (5.79%) Cisco Certification
4 582 (4.64%) CCNA
5 521 (4.15%) Computer Science Degree
6 472 (3.76%) CCNP
7 464 (3.70%) SC Cleared
8 338 (2.69%) Microsoft Certification
9 264 (2.10%) DV Cleared
10 232 (1.85%) CISSP
11 217 (1.73%) MCSE
12 154 (1.23%) AWS Certification
13 124 (0.99%) RHCE
14 99 (0.79%) MCSA
15 98 (0.78%) MCP
16 94 (0.75%) Master's Degree
17 90 (0.72%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
18 80 (0.64%) GIAC
19 79 (0.63%) CISM
20 74 (0.59%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 705 (5.62%) QA
2 459 (3.66%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 315 (2.51%) SLA
4 263 (2.10%) ISO 9001
5 103 (0.82%) PCI DSS
6 89 (0.71%) GDPR
7 56 (0.45%) NIST
8 55 (0.44%) Data Quality
9 53 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 22 (0.18%) HMG Infosec
11 21 (0.17%) COBIT
12 20 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials
13 19 (0.15%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 19 (0.15%) JSP 440
14 18 (0.14%) PSD2
15 15 (0.12%) IFRS
16 14 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
17 13 (0.10%) HIPAA
17 13 (0.10%) MiFID
18 12 (0.096%) ISO 26262
System Software
1 2,737 (21.82%) Docker
2 1,105 (8.81%) Active Directory
3 989 (7.88%) VMware Infrastructure
4 433 (3.45%) Hyper-V
5 239 (1.90%) VMware ESXi
6 228 (1.82%) vSphere
7 216 (1.72%) Virtual Machines
8 135 (1.08%) XenApp
9 125 (1.00%) Firmware
10 91 (0.73%) XenDesktop
11 86 (0.69%) KVM
12 82 (0.65%) HDFS
13 81 (0.65%) Microsoft App-V
14 80 (0.64%) NFS
15 67 (0.53%) Xen
16 58 (0.46%) Apache Flume
17 55 (0.44%) Virtual Servers
18 52 (0.41%) VMware NSX
19 49 (0.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
19 49 (0.39%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 2,194 (17.49%) Ansible
2 1,914 (15.26%) Kubernetes
3 1,759 (14.02%) Puppet
4 1,449 (11.55%) Terraform
5 1,244 (9.92%) Opscode Chef
6 568 (4.53%) Nagios
7 361 (2.88%) SCCM
8 280 (2.23%) FortiGate
9 253 (2.02%) Prometheus
10 215 (1.71%) Grafana
11 209 (1.67%) Packer
12 184 (1.47%) SCOM
13 180 (1.43%) Salt
14 171 (1.36%) Consul
15 160 (1.28%) Docker Swarm
15 160 (1.28%) Kibana
16 155 (1.24%) ZABBIX
17 116 (0.92%) Nessus
18 100 (0.80%) Graphite
19 97 (0.77%) logstash
Vendors
1 1,693 (13.49%) Microsoft
2 1,649 (13.14%) VMware
3 1,190 (9.49%) Oracle
4 1,172 (9.34%) Cisco
5 1,068 (8.51%) Red Hat
6 746 (5.95%) Google
7 442 (3.52%) Citrix
8 432 (3.44%) Splunk
9 423 (3.37%) IBM
10 346 (2.76%) Palo Alto
11 310 (2.47%) HP
12 308 (2.45%) Fortinet
13 275 (2.19%) SAP
14 199 (1.59%) Dell
15 187 (1.49%) Atlassian
16 182 (1.45%) Juniper
17 168 (1.34%) NetApp
18 160 (1.28%) SolarWinds
19 151 (1.20%) Zend
20 148 (1.18%) ServiceNow