Period
to 5 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 5 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
5 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 22 19 16
Rank change year-on-year -3 -3 0
Permanent jobs citing Linux 9,693 14,489 17,883
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 9.02% 10.47% 10.78%
As % of the Operating Systems category 41.76% 44.90% 44.89%
Number of salaries quoted 8,129 12,274 15,147
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £31,750 £32,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £81,250
UK median annual salary £54,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +2.86% +5.00% -

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 23,210 32,271 39,834
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 21.60% 23.33% 24.01%
Number of salaries quoted 18,771 25,890 32,916
Median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £47,500
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,000 £25,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £78,750 £76,250
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.27%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Linux in England.

Salary trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 5 April 2020.

Salary histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 5 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -8 4,070 £67,500 +3.85% 615
South East +1 2,177 £47,500 -5.00% 342
North of England -4 1,151 £50,000 +7.53% 243
South West -2 936 £45,000 - 173
Midlands +1 736 £46,250 +5.11% 155
North West 0 664 £50,000 +11.11% 125
East of England -3 606 £50,000 - 230
West Midlands +5 498 £47,500 +9.83% 84
Yorkshire -4 400 £50,000 +5.26% 76
East Midlands -8 234 £45,000 - 71
North East -7 87 £37,000 -17.78% 42
South Coast 0 3 £67,500 +12.50%
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 5 April 2020, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 3,588 (37.02%) Windows
2 3,197 (32.98%) Python
3 2,865 (29.56%) AWS
4 2,733 (28.20%) DevOps
5 2,633 (27.16%) Agile Software Development
6 2,260 (23.32%) Docker
7 2,253 (23.24%) Java
8 2,117 (21.84%) SQL
9 1,826 (18.84%) Azure
10 1,818 (18.76%) Finance
11 1,778 (18.34%) Unix
12 1,730 (17.85%) Git (software)
13 1,656 (17.08%) JavaScript
14 1,618 (16.69%) Kubernetes
15 1,588 (16.38%) Ansible
16 1,549 (15.98%) Software Engineering
17 1,438 (14.84%) Bash Shell
18 1,285 (13.26%) Microsoft
19 1,248 (12.88%) VMware
20 1,215 (12.53%) MySQL
21 1,213 (12.51%) Jenkins
22 1,209 (12.47%) Problem-Solving
23 1,139 (11.75%) C++
24 1,095 (11.30%) PHP
25 1,090 (11.25%) Terraform
26 1,086 (11.20%) Puppet
27 1,080 (11.14%) Degree
28 1,006 (10.38%) Windows Server
29 1,001 (10.33%) Firewall
30 942 (9.72%) PowerShell

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 604 (6.23%) Apache
2 307 (3.17%) Tomcat
3 280 (2.89%) Confluence
4 270 (2.79%) IIS
5 269 (2.78%) Elasticsearch
6 225 (2.32%) Apache Spark
7 193 (1.99%) nginx
8 165 (1.70%) OpenStack
9 115 (1.19%) MS Exchange
10 110 (1.13%) JBoss
10 110 (1.13%) SharePoint
11 94 (0.97%) WebLogic
12 80 (0.83%) WebSphere
13 78 (0.80%) WordPress
14 68 (0.70%) CMS
15 59 (0.61%) Apache Solr
16 43 (0.44%) Drupal
17 40 (0.41%) SAS
18 32 (0.33%) Cloud Foundry
19 27 (0.28%) WildFly
Applications
1 166 (1.71%) Microsoft Office
2 100 (1.03%) Microsoft Excel
3 51 (0.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 44 (0.45%) MS Visio
5 17 (0.18%) Photoshop
6 15 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
7 13 (0.13%) Simulink
8 8 (0.083%) Gliffy
9 7 (0.072%) Adobe Illustrator
10 5 (0.052%) Maya
11 4 (0.041%) Adobe XD
12 3 (0.031%) Acrobat
12 3 (0.031%) InDesign
12 3 (0.031%) NUKE
12 3 (0.031%) Windchill
13 2 (0.021%) 3ds Max
13 2 (0.021%) Adobe Premiere
13 2 (0.021%) Final Cut Pro
13 2 (0.021%) Gephi
13 2 (0.021%) Houdini
Business Applications
1 50 (0.52%) Magento
2 25 (0.26%) Salerio
3 22 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
4 16 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
5 15 (0.15%) SAP CRM
6 13 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
7 11 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
8 10 (0.10%) Documaker
9 8 (0.083%) GoldMine
9 8 (0.083%) Markit EDM
9 8 (0.083%) Payment Gateway
9 8 (0.083%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 7 (0.072%) Dynamics AX
10 7 (0.072%) SAP ERP
11 6 (0.062%) R3 Corda
12 5 (0.052%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
12 5 (0.052%) OpenCart
12 5 (0.052%) Oracle BPM
12 5 (0.052%) Oracle EBS R12
12 5 (0.052%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 2,865 (29.56%) AWS
2 1,826 (18.84%) Azure
3 724 (7.47%) GCP
4 481 (4.96%) SaaS
5 460 (4.75%) Office 365
6 307 (3.17%) AWS CloudFormation
7 302 (3.12%) IaaS
8 298 (3.07%) PaaS
9 268 (2.76%) GitHub
10 234 (2.41%) Amazon EC2
10 234 (2.41%) Serverless
11 203 (2.09%) Amazon S3
12 184 (1.90%) OpenShift
13 170 (1.75%) AWS Lambda
14 157 (1.62%) Cloud Computing
15 138 (1.42%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 116 (1.20%) Amazon ECS
17 114 (1.18%) Azure Active Directory
18 113 (1.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 68 (0.70%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 1,001 (10.33%) Firewall
2 744 (7.68%) TCP/IP
3 565 (5.83%) DNS
4 350 (3.61%) VPN
5 329 (3.39%) Internet
6 327 (3.37%) WAN
7 314 (3.24%) SAN
8 308 (3.18%) LAN
9 282 (2.91%) DHCP
10 273 (2.82%) HTTP
11 240 (2.48%) Network Security
12 167 (1.72%) Wireless
13 157 (1.62%) VLAN
14 155 (1.60%) SSL
15 152 (1.57%) VoIP
16 130 (1.34%) BGP
17 129 (1.33%) Wireshark
18 115 (1.19%) MPLS
18 115 (1.19%) OSPF
19 110 (1.13%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,215 (12.53%) MySQL
2 902 (9.31%) SQL Server
3 537 (5.54%) PostgreSQL
4 527 (5.44%) NoSQL
5 405 (4.18%) MongoDB
6 398 (4.11%) Relational Database
7 375 (3.87%) Big Data
8 260 (2.68%) Hadoop
9 228 (2.35%) Redis
10 218 (2.25%) Oracle Database
11 214 (2.21%) Amazon RDS
12 164 (1.69%) RDBMS
13 119 (1.23%) Apache Cassandra
14 97 (1.00%) MariaDB
15 96 (0.99%) Data Warehouse
16 82 (0.85%) Blockchain
17 71 (0.73%) Apache Hive
18 69 (0.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 58 (0.60%) SQL Server 2012
20 55 (0.57%) DB2
Development Applications
1 1,730 (17.85%) Git (software)
2 1,213 (12.51%) Jenkins
3 743 (7.67%) JIRA
4 230 (2.37%) GitLab
5 198 (2.04%) Bitbucket
6 188 (1.94%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 187 (1.93%) Maven
8 181 (1.87%) Selenium
9 175 (1.81%) Subversion
10 138 (1.42%) TeamCity
11 100 (1.03%) Sonatype Nexus
12 92 (0.95%) JUnit
13 87 (0.90%) JMeter
13 87 (0.90%) Vagrant
14 85 (0.88%) Artifactory
15 82 (0.85%) Visual Studio
16 78 (0.80%) Cucumber
16 78 (0.80%) Octopus Deploy
17 69 (0.71%) Gradle
18 65 (0.67%) SonarQube
General
1 1,818 (18.76%) Finance
2 431 (4.45%) Retail
3 378 (3.90%) Banking
4 330 (3.40%) Public Sector
5 297 (3.06%) Telecoms
6 245 (2.53%) Marketing
7 186 (1.92%) Electronics
8 173 (1.78%) Games
9 152 (1.57%) Manufacturing
10 137 (1.41%) Front Office
11 112 (1.16%) Aerospace
12 109 (1.12%) Legal
13 106 (1.09%) Automotive
14 97 (1.00%) Financial Institution
15 85 (0.88%) Law
16 77 (0.79%) Back Office
17 76 (0.78%) Military
18 60 (0.62%) Advertising
19 46 (0.47%) Investment Banking
20 45 (0.46%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,186 (22.55%) Developer
2 1,305 (13.46%) DevOps Engineer
3 924 (9.53%) Software Engineer
4 587 (6.06%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 564 (5.82%) Analyst
6 518 (5.34%) Senior Developer
7 512 (5.28%) Linux Engineer
8 470 (4.85%) Java Developer
9 464 (4.79%) PHP Developer
10 420 (4.33%) Administrator
11 415 (4.28%) Support Engineer
12 370 (3.82%) Architect
13 360 (3.71%) AWS Engineer
14 348 (3.59%) Cloud Engineer
15 327 (3.37%) Software Developer
16 321 (3.31%) Junior
17 276 (2.85%) Systems Administrator
18 261 (2.69%) Senior Software Engineer
19 258 (2.66%) Applications Support
20 250 (2.58%) IT Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 904 (9.33%) HTML
2 810 (8.36%) CSS
3 625 (6.45%) Web Services
4 601 (6.20%) Node.js
5 551 (5.68%) REST
6 537 (5.54%) .NET
7 429 (4.43%) Spring
8 410 (4.23%) RESTful
9 400 (4.13%) LAMP
10 390 (4.02%) AngularJS
11 388 (4.00%) React
12 352 (3.63%) Kafka
13 346 (3.57%) jQuery
14 315 (3.25%) HTML5
15 299 (3.08%) XML
16 290 (2.99%) Elastic Stack
17 277 (2.86%) Laravel
18 269 (2.78%) Middleware
19 251 (2.59%) SOAP
20 219 (2.26%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 757 (7.81%) Analytical Skills
2 592 (6.11%) Data Centre
3 437 (4.51%) Linux Command Line
4 413 (4.26%) Public Cloud
5 339 (3.50%) Self-Motivation
6 305 (3.15%) Management Information System
7 293 (3.02%) User Experience
8 240 (2.48%) Greenfield Project
9 212 (2.19%) Mobile App
10 175 (1.81%) Algorithms
11 154 (1.59%) Enterprise Software
12 113 (1.17%) Clustering
12 113 (1.17%) Data Structures
13 111 (1.15%) Hybrid Cloud
13 111 (1.15%) Private Cloud
14 109 (1.12%) Hedge funds
15 104 (1.07%) Replication
16 101 (1.04%) Cloud Native
17 96 (0.99%) PKI
18 94 (0.97%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 3,588 (37.02%) Windows
2 1,778 (18.34%) Unix
3 1,006 (10.38%) Windows Server
4 689 (7.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 580 (5.98%) CentOS
6 399 (4.12%) Ubuntu
7 308 (3.18%) Android
8 281 (2.90%) Apple iOS
9 268 (2.76%) Windows Server 2012
10 225 (2.32%) Windows Server 2016
11 201 (2.07%) Mac OS X
12 182 (1.88%) Debian
13 170 (1.75%) Solaris
14 160 (1.65%) Windows 10
15 155 (1.60%) Windows Server 2008
16 149 (1.54%) Windows 7
17 134 (1.38%) Embedded Linux
18 111 (1.15%) Mac OS
19 91 (0.94%) AIX
20 57 (0.59%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,733 (28.20%) DevOps
2 2,633 (27.16%) Agile Software Development
3 1,549 (15.98%) Software Engineering
4 1,209 (12.47%) Problem-Solving
5 862 (8.89%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 845 (8.72%) Configuration Management
7 822 (8.48%) Test Automation
8 787 (8.12%) Continuous Integration
9 736 (7.59%) Microservices
10 715 (7.38%) Open Source
11 681 (7.03%) Computer Science
12 675 (6.96%) TDD
13 664 (6.85%) Mentoring
14 657 (6.78%) OO
15 645 (6.65%) Scrum
16 639 (6.59%) ITIL
17 555 (5.73%) Fintech
18 535 (5.52%) Cybersecurity
19 500 (5.16%) Infrastructure as Code
20 466 (4.81%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 3,197 (32.98%) Python
2 2,253 (23.24%) Java
3 2,117 (21.84%) SQL
4 1,656 (17.08%) JavaScript
5 1,438 (14.84%) Bash Shell
6 1,139 (11.75%) C++
7 1,095 (11.30%) PHP
8 942 (9.72%) PowerShell
9 847 (8.74%) C#
10 823 (8.49%) C
11 618 (6.38%) Ruby
12 560 (5.78%) Perl
13 457 (4.71%) Go
14 415 (4.28%) Shell Script
15 214 (2.21%) PL/SQL
16 208 (2.15%) Java 8
17 174 (1.80%) Scala
18 110 (1.13%) PHP 7
19 105 (1.08%) TypeScript
20 89 (0.92%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 1,080 (11.14%) Degree
2 657 (6.78%) Security Cleared
3 376 (3.88%) SC Cleared
4 335 (3.46%) Computer Science Degree
5 302 (3.12%) Cisco Certification
6 237 (2.45%) DV Cleared
7 202 (2.08%) Microsoft Certification
8 193 (1.99%) CCNA
9 183 (1.89%) CISSP
10 148 (1.53%) MCSE
11 136 (1.40%) CCNP
12 94 (0.97%) AWS Certification
13 93 (0.96%) CISM
14 89 (0.92%) MCSA
15 77 (0.79%) RHCE
16 60 (0.62%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
17 58 (0.60%) GIAC
18 57 (0.59%) CISA
19 54 (0.56%) ITIL Certification
20 51 (0.53%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 438 (4.52%) QA
2 204 (2.10%) SLA
3 189 (1.95%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 131 (1.35%) GDPR
5 103 (1.06%) PCI DSS
6 28 (0.29%) Cyber Essentials
7 27 (0.28%) NIST
8 24 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 18 (0.19%) ISO 9001
10 16 (0.17%) Data Quality
11 14 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 13 (0.13%) NCSC
13 9 (0.093%) ISO 22301
14 8 (0.083%) Government Security Classifications
15 7 (0.072%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 7 (0.072%) HIPAA
16 5 (0.052%) COBIT
16 5 (0.052%) NIST 800
17 4 (0.041%) BS25999
18 3 (0.031%) JTAG
System Software
1 2,260 (23.32%) Docker
2 814 (8.40%) Active Directory
3 791 (8.16%) VMware Infrastructure
4 286 (2.95%) Hyper-V
5 227 (2.34%) vSphere
6 208 (2.15%) VMware ESXi
7 204 (2.10%) Virtual Machines
8 100 (1.03%) XenApp
9 91 (0.94%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 84 (0.87%) Firmware
11 78 (0.80%) Virtual Servers
12 61 (0.63%) KVM
13 59 (0.61%) NFS
14 50 (0.52%) Xen
15 39 (0.40%) VirtualBox
16 37 (0.38%) XenDesktop
17 33 (0.34%) Apache Flume
17 33 (0.34%) HDFS
17 33 (0.34%) LXC
18 31 (0.32%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 1,618 (16.69%) Kubernetes
2 1,588 (16.38%) Ansible
3 1,090 (11.25%) Terraform
4 1,086 (11.20%) Puppet
5 690 (7.12%) Opscode Chef
6 184 (1.90%) Nagios
7 183 (1.89%) SCCM
8 181 (1.87%) Grafana
9 172 (1.77%) Packer
10 137 (1.41%) Salt
11 130 (1.34%) Prometheus
12 113 (1.17%) Docker Swarm
13 107 (1.10%) ZABBIX
14 102 (1.05%) SCOM
15 96 (0.99%) Mesos
16 94 (0.97%) Nessus
17 79 (0.82%) WSUS
18 68 (0.70%) Consul
19 62 (0.64%) Red Hat Satellite
20 59 (0.61%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 1,285 (13.26%) Microsoft
2 1,248 (12.88%) VMware
3 938 (9.68%) Oracle
4 848 (8.75%) Red Hat
5 576 (5.94%) Cisco
6 429 (4.43%) Google
7 278 (2.87%) HP
8 229 (2.36%) Atlassian
9 222 (2.29%) Splunk
10 216 (2.23%) Citrix
11 204 (2.10%) IBM
12 171 (1.76%) Juniper
13 169 (1.74%) SAP
14 150 (1.55%) NetApp
15 134 (1.38%) Dell
16 122 (1.26%) Zend
17 104 (1.07%) F5
18 102 (1.05%) ServiceNow
19 100 (1.03%) Veeam
20 99 (1.02%) Sun