Period
to 25 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 25 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > England
6 months to
25 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 16 16 16
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Linux 17,691 17,712 21,104
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 10.68% 11.05% 10.96%
As % of the Operating Systems category 44.89% 45.42% 41.83%
Number of salaries quoted 14,377 14,876 17,964
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,250
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +3.63% +1.58%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 39,408 38,993 50,448
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 23.80% 24.33% 26.20%
Number of salaries quoted 32,438 33,046 43,021
England median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £44,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% +1.12% +4.71%
10th Percentile £25,750 £25,000 £25,000
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £43,500
% change year-on-year - +3.45% +2.35%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Linux in England.

Salary trend for Linux in England

Linux
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in England over the 6 months to 25 April 2018.

Salary histogram for Linux in England

Linux
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 25 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 7,398 £62,500 +4.17% 1,143
South East 0 3,852 £45,500 +1.11% 539
North of England +1 2,134 £45,000 +12.50% 379
East of England +5 1,812 £52,500 +11.70% 285
South West +6 1,362 £42,500 +6.25% 241
North West 0 1,179 £45,000 +12.50% 200
Midlands -1 1,116 £45,000 +12.50% 201
Yorkshire -2 816 £45,000 +5.88% 134
West Midlands -4 693 £45,000 +12.50% 137
East Midlands -1 422 £47,500 +18.75% 64
North East +5 141 £37,500 +7.14% 45
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 25 April 2018, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 5,860 (33.12%) Windows
2 5,809 (32.84%) Python
3 5,154 (29.13%) Agile Software Development
4 5,004 (28.29%) DevOps
5 4,819 (27.24%) Amazon AWS
6 4,638 (26.22%) Java
7 3,985 (22.53%) SQL
8 3,616 (20.44%) Unix
9 3,207 (18.13%) JavaScript
10 3,117 (17.62%) Git (software)
11 3,045 (17.21%) MySQL
12 2,930 (16.56%) Finance
13 2,861 (16.17%) Puppet
14 2,821 (15.95%) Docker
15 2,727 (15.41%) Software Engineering
16 2,707 (15.30%) Ansible
17 2,606 (14.73%) Bash Shell
18 2,595 (14.67%) Degree
19 2,562 (14.48%) Jenkins
20 2,447 (13.83%) C++
21 2,403 (13.58%) VMware
22 2,284 (12.91%) PHP
23 2,273 (12.85%) Microsoft Azure
24 2,202 (12.45%) HTML
25 2,185 (12.35%) Continuous Integration
26 2,180 (12.32%) Opscode Chef
27 2,172 (12.28%) Oracle
28 2,095 (11.84%) Problem-Solving
29 1,980 (11.19%) CSS
30 1,957 (11.06%) Microsoft

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,736 (9.81%) Apache
2 862 (4.87%) Tomcat
3 660 (3.73%) Elasticsearch
4 593 (3.35%) nginx
5 501 (2.83%) Confluence
6 484 (2.74%) OpenStack
7 455 (2.57%) Apache Spark
8 438 (2.48%) IIS
9 339 (1.92%) JBoss
10 291 (1.64%) CMS
11 280 (1.58%) WebSphere
12 243 (1.37%) MS Exchange
13 241 (1.36%) WebLogic
14 220 (1.24%) WordPress
15 164 (0.93%) SharePoint
16 159 (0.90%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 139 (0.79%) Apache Solr
18 128 (0.72%) Drupal
19 107 (0.60%) Ethereum
20 86 (0.49%) SAS
Applications
1 286 (1.62%) Microsoft Office
2 129 (0.73%) Microsoft Excel
3 65 (0.37%) Photoshop
4 60 (0.34%) MS Visio
5 40 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 34 (0.19%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 21 (0.12%) SPSS
8 14 (0.079%) Simulink
9 13 (0.073%) Microsoft Project
9 13 (0.073%) Spreadsheet
10 11 (0.062%) Adobe Illustrator
10 11 (0.062%) Weka
11 10 (0.057%) GIMP
12 9 (0.051%) Chatbot
13 8 (0.045%) HipChat
14 7 (0.040%) Maya
15 5 (0.028%) NUKE
16 4 (0.023%) EPLAN
16 4 (0.023%) Houdini
16 4 (0.023%) Stata
Business Applications
1 126 (0.71%) Magento
2 75 (0.42%) Distributed Ledger
3 50 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
4 34 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
5 32 (0.18%) Remedy ITSM
6 24 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
7 23 (0.13%) MetaTrader
7 23 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
8 16 (0.090%) BusinessWorks
8 16 (0.090%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 15 (0.085%) Unit4 Business World
10 14 (0.079%) Oracle EBS R12
11 12 (0.068%) iTrent
11 12 (0.068%) SAP Hybris
12 11 (0.062%) JDE EnterpriseOne
13 10 (0.057%) SAP R/3
14 9 (0.051%) RMDS
15 8 (0.045%) Documaker
15 8 (0.045%) NetSuite
15 8 (0.045%) TIBCO iProcess
Cloud Services
1 4,819 (27.24%) Amazon AWS
2 2,273 (12.85%) Microsoft Azure
3 922 (5.21%) SaaS
4 637 (3.60%) Amazon EC2
5 602 (3.40%) AWS CloudFormation
6 537 (3.04%) Google Cloud Platform
7 451 (2.55%) GitHub
8 450 (2.54%) Office 365
9 448 (2.53%) Amazon S3
10 447 (2.53%) IaaS
11 396 (2.24%) Cloud Computing
12 368 (2.08%) PaaS
13 226 (1.28%) Serverless
14 206 (1.16%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 174 (0.98%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 172 (0.97%) OpenShift
17 159 (0.90%) AWS Lambda
18 157 (0.89%) Amazon ELB
19 111 (0.63%) Route 53
20 101 (0.57%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 1,574 (8.90%) Firewall
2 1,507 (8.52%) TCP/IP
3 1,195 (6.75%) DNS
4 634 (3.58%) Internet
5 605 (3.42%) VPN
6 602 (3.40%) HTTP
7 560 (3.17%) DHCP
8 547 (3.09%) SAN
9 508 (2.87%) WAN
10 453 (2.56%) Network Security
11 423 (2.39%) LAN
12 356 (2.01%) SSL
13 271 (1.53%) VoIP
14 252 (1.42%) Wireless
15 245 (1.38%) VLAN
16 218 (1.23%) NAS
17 189 (1.07%) Cisco ASA
18 176 (0.99%) SMTP
19 169 (0.96%) SSH
20 157 (0.89%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,045 (17.21%) MySQL
2 1,568 (8.86%) SQL Server
3 1,192 (6.74%) PostgreSQL
4 1,113 (6.29%) NoSQL
5 1,053 (5.95%) MongoDB
6 883 (4.99%) Relational Database
7 816 (4.61%) Big Data
8 652 (3.69%) Oracle Database
9 624 (3.53%) Hadoop
10 440 (2.49%) RDBMS
11 436 (2.46%) Redis
12 362 (2.05%) Apache Cassandra
13 318 (1.80%) Amazon RDS
14 281 (1.59%) Blockchain
15 273 (1.54%) Data Warehouse
16 210 (1.19%) Apache Hive
17 194 (1.10%) HBase
18 187 (1.06%) DB2
18 187 (1.06%) Oracle Database 12c
19 159 (0.90%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 3,117 (17.62%) Git (software)
2 2,562 (14.48%) Jenkins
3 1,313 (7.42%) JIRA
4 847 (4.79%) Subversion
5 530 (3.00%) Maven
6 487 (2.75%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 468 (2.65%) Selenium
8 464 (2.62%) TeamCity
9 356 (2.01%) JUnit
10 351 (1.98%) Vagrant
11 269 (1.52%) Cucumber
12 254 (1.44%) Bitbucket
13 209 (1.18%) Gradle
14 203 (1.15%) Octopus Deploy
15 202 (1.14%) Eclipse
16 178 (1.01%) Team Foundation Server
17 174 (0.98%) GitLab
18 169 (0.96%) Visual Studio
19 164 (0.93%) Ant
20 141 (0.80%) PHPUnit
General
1 2,930 (16.56%) Finance
2 998 (5.64%) Banking
3 722 (4.08%) Retail
4 668 (3.78%) Telecoms
5 484 (2.74%) Marketing
6 464 (2.62%) Games
7 335 (1.89%) Advertising
8 296 (1.67%) Front Office
9 245 (1.38%) Electronics
10 237 (1.34%) Investment Banking
11 195 (1.10%) Manufacturing
12 185 (1.05%) Financial Institution
13 172 (0.97%) Law
14 171 (0.97%) Legal
15 166 (0.94%) Back Office
16 141 (0.80%) Publishing
17 134 (0.76%) Automotive
18 95 (0.54%) French Language
19 91 (0.51%) Billing
20 78 (0.44%) German Language
Job Titles
1 4,449 (25.15%) Developer
2 2,551 (14.42%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,689 (9.55%) Linux Engineer
4 1,440 (8.14%) Software Engineer
5 1,146 (6.48%) Java Developer
6 1,093 (6.18%) Administrator
7 1,003 (5.67%) Analyst
8 988 (5.58%) PHP Developer
9 858 (4.85%) Senior Developer
10 757 (4.28%) Linux/Unix DevOps
11 750 (4.24%) Systems Administrator
12 703 (3.97%) Cloud Engineer
12 703 (3.97%) Support Engineer
13 682 (3.86%) AWS Engineer
14 680 (3.84%) Systems Engineer
15 634 (3.58%) Linux Administrator
16 633 (3.58%) Infrastructure Engineer
16 633 (3.58%) Software Developer
17 615 (3.48%) AWS DevOps
18 612 (3.46%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,202 (12.45%) HTML
2 1,980 (11.19%) CSS
3 1,753 (9.91%) Web Services
4 1,079 (6.10%) LAMP
5 1,006 (5.69%) Node.js
6 985 (5.57%) .NET
7 977 (5.52%) jQuery
8 913 (5.16%) AngularJS
9 831 (4.70%) REST
10 794 (4.49%) Spring
11 715 (4.04%) XML
12 697 (3.94%) RESTful
13 685 (3.87%) HTML5
14 553 (3.13%) Middleware
15 505 (2.85%) JSON
16 498 (2.81%) React
17 489 (2.76%) SOAP
18 459 (2.59%) Kafka
19 409 (2.31%) Laravel
20 386 (2.18%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 1,748 (9.88%) Computer Science
2 1,160 (6.56%) Analytical Skills
3 853 (4.82%) Data Centre
4 851 (4.81%) Linux Command Line
5 722 (4.08%) Fintech
6 582 (3.29%) Self-Motivation
7 509 (2.88%) Public Cloud
8 506 (2.86%) User Experience
9 501 (2.83%) Algorithms
10 420 (2.37%) Management Information System
11 367 (2.07%) Mobile App
12 329 (1.86%) Greenfield Project
13 319 (1.80%) Enterprise Software
14 293 (1.66%) Private Cloud
15 270 (1.53%) Replication
16 238 (1.35%) Clustering
17 227 (1.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 222 (1.25%) Equities
19 205 (1.16%) Data Structures
20 204 (1.15%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 5,860 (33.12%) Windows
2 3,616 (20.44%) Unix
3 1,384 (7.82%) Windows Server
4 1,370 (7.74%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1,114 (6.30%) CentOS
6 736 (4.16%) Ubuntu
7 501 (2.83%) Solaris
8 457 (2.58%) Debian
9 428 (2.42%) Windows Server 2012
10 415 (2.35%) Windows Server 2008
11 413 (2.33%) Android
12 272 (1.54%) Mac OS X
13 264 (1.49%) Apple iOS
14 263 (1.49%) Embedded Linux
15 260 (1.47%) AIX
16 213 (1.20%) Mac OS
17 189 (1.07%) Windows 10
18 181 (1.02%) Windows 7
19 115 (0.65%) HPUX
20 103 (0.58%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,154 (29.13%) Agile Software Development
2 5,004 (28.29%) DevOps
3 2,727 (15.41%) Software Engineering
4 2,185 (12.35%) Continuous Integration
5 2,095 (11.84%) Problem-Solving
6 1,764 (9.97%) Configuration Management
7 1,610 (9.10%) TDD
8 1,605 (9.07%) Scrum
9 1,497 (8.46%) Test Automation
10 1,452 (8.21%) ITIL
11 1,440 (8.14%) Open Source
12 1,345 (7.60%) OO
13 1,056 (5.97%) MVC
14 1,006 (5.69%) Microservices
15 925 (5.23%) Web Development
16 898 (5.08%) E-Commerce
17 844 (4.77%) Analytics
18 840 (4.75%) SDLC
19 799 (4.52%) Mentoring
20 787 (4.45%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 5,809 (32.84%) Python
2 4,638 (26.22%) Java
3 3,985 (22.53%) SQL
4 3,207 (18.13%) JavaScript
5 2,606 (14.73%) Bash Shell
6 2,447 (13.83%) C++
7 2,284 (12.91%) PHP
8 1,736 (9.81%) Ruby
9 1,624 (9.18%) C
10 1,583 (8.95%) Perl
11 1,335 (7.55%) PowerShell
12 1,326 (7.50%) C#
13 1,085 (6.13%) Shell Script
14 437 (2.47%) Scala
15 435 (2.46%) Go
16 335 (1.89%) Java 8
17 296 (1.67%) PL/SQL
18 209 (1.18%) Embedded C++
19 208 (1.18%) Embedded C
20 194 (1.10%) ES6
Qualifications
1 2,595 (14.67%) Degree
2 725 (4.10%) Computer Science Degree
3 715 (4.04%) Security Cleared
4 546 (3.09%) Cisco Certification
5 408 (2.31%) CCNA
6 405 (2.29%) Microsoft Certification
7 369 (2.09%) SC Cleared
8 335 (1.89%) CISSP
9 282 (1.59%) MCSE
10 243 (1.37%) DV Cleared
11 204 (1.15%) CCNP
12 182 (1.03%) AWS Certification
13 170 (0.96%) MCSA
14 164 (0.93%) RHCE
15 153 (0.86%) CISM
16 152 (0.86%) PhD
17 150 (0.85%) Master's Degree
18 133 (0.75%) Numerate Degree
19 120 (0.68%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
20 106 (0.60%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 755 (4.27%) QA
2 367 (2.07%) SLA
3 307 (1.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 217 (1.23%) PCI DSS
5 177 (1.00%) GCP
6 72 (0.41%) GDPR
7 64 (0.36%) Data Quality
8 49 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 40 (0.23%) ISO 9001
9 40 (0.23%) PMO
10 32 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 28 (0.16%) COBIT
12 23 (0.13%) GPG13
12 23 (0.13%) HIPAA
13 22 (0.12%) PSD2
14 19 (0.11%) Cyber Essentials
15 10 (0.057%) MiFID
15 10 (0.057%) SEPA
16 9 (0.051%) ISO 14001
16 9 (0.051%) Solvency II
System Software
1 2,821 (15.95%) Docker
2 1,447 (8.18%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1,247 (7.05%) Active Directory
4 591 (3.34%) Hyper-V
5 364 (2.06%) vSphere
6 358 (2.02%) Virtual Machines
7 288 (1.63%) VMware ESXi
8 160 (0.90%) HDFS
9 154 (0.87%) KVM
10 143 (0.81%) Xen
11 127 (0.72%) Firmware
12 117 (0.66%) NFS
13 107 (0.60%) Oracle RAC
14 104 (0.59%) VirtualBox
15 100 (0.57%) Apache Flume
16 99 (0.56%) iptables
17 94 (0.53%) XenApp
18 89 (0.50%) VMware NSX
19 84 (0.47%) Samba
20 83 (0.47%) LXC
Systems Management
1 2,861 (16.17%) Puppet
2 2,707 (15.30%) Ansible
3 2,180 (12.32%) Opscode Chef
4 1,395 (7.89%) Kubernetes
5 1,155 (6.53%) Terraform
6 571 (3.23%) Nagios
7 312 (1.76%) Salt
8 235 (1.33%) Packer
9 222 (1.25%) Kibana
10 198 (1.12%) Docker Swarm
11 165 (0.93%) ZABBIX
12 156 (0.88%) SCCM
13 153 (0.86%) HAProxy
14 150 (0.85%) logstash
15 135 (0.76%) vCenter Server
16 115 (0.65%) Grafana
17 110 (0.62%) Nessus
18 109 (0.62%) SCOM
19 106 (0.60%) Prometheus
20 103 (0.58%) Graphite
Vendors
1 2,403 (13.58%) VMware
2 2,172 (12.28%) Oracle
3 1,957 (11.06%) Microsoft
4 1,650 (9.33%) Red Hat
5 1,006 (5.69%) Cisco
6 807 (4.56%) Google
7 475 (2.68%) Splunk
8 453 (2.56%) HP
9 406 (2.29%) Citrix
10 385 (2.18%) IBM
11 259 (1.46%) NetApp
12 258 (1.46%) Atlassian
13 243 (1.37%) Juniper
14 242 (1.37%) SAP
15 241 (1.36%) Zend
16 219 (1.24%) WorldPay
17 218 (1.23%) Apple
18 215 (1.22%) New Relic
19 199 (1.12%) Sybase
20 195 (1.10%) SaltStack