Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CI/CD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CI/CD over the 6 months to 27 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CI/CD
UK > England
6 months to
27 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 16 18 29
Rank change year-on-year +2 +11 +35
Permanent jobs citing CI/CD 17,496 8,497 6,011
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 12.56% 10.29% 7.17%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 13.20% 10.99% 7.71%
Number of salaries quoted 7,307 6,494 4,909
10th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £42,500
25th Percentile £57,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +3.85% -
75th Percentile £92,500 £85,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £107,500 £100,000 £100,000
UK median annual salary £72,500 £65,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +11.54% - +4.00%

CI/CD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 132,507 77,309 77,970
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 95.09% 93.64% 93.01%
Number of salaries quoted 72,921 57,977 63,193
10th Percentile £34,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,000 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £92,500 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

CI/CD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing CI/CD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for CI/CD in England

CI/CD
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CI/CD in England.

Salary trend for CI/CD in England

CI/CD
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing CI/CD in England over the 6 months to 27 May 2022.

Salary histogram for CI/CD in England

CI/CD
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CI/CD within the England region over the 6 months to 27 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +1 11,813 £82,500 +6.45% 701
South East +1 1,914 £67,500 +12.50% 150
North of England +9 1,661 £62,500 +8.70% 238
North West +7 961 £62,500 +8.70% 139
South West -2 762 £60,000 +17.65% 75
Yorkshire +11 595 £62,500 +4.17% 73
Midlands -7 577 £65,000 +8.33% 101
East of England +2 532 £65,000 - 78
West Midlands -15 371 £65,000 +4.00% 60
East Midlands +11 203 £62,500 +21.95% 41
North East +7 105 £52,500 +5.00% 26
South Coast - 3 - -
CI/CD
UK

For the 6 months to 27 May 2022, IT jobs citing CI/CD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for CI/CD.

1 10,411 (59.51%) Agile
2 9,287 (53.08%) AWS
3 8,732 (49.91%) DevOps
4 6,878 (39.31%) Azure
5 6,866 (39.24%) Python
6 6,458 (36.91%) Docker
7 6,065 (34.67%) Kubernetes
8 5,855 (33.46%) Java
9 5,588 (31.94%) Software Engineering
10 5,368 (30.68%) JavaScript
11 4,782 (27.33%) Finance
12 4,695 (26.83%) Jenkins
13 4,527 (25.87%) Microservices
14 4,493 (25.68%) Git (software)
15 4,414 (25.23%) React
15 4,414 (25.23%) Terraform
16 4,324 (24.71%) TDD
17 4,312 (24.65%) Test Automation
18 4,133 (23.62%) SQL
19 3,974 (22.71%) GCP
20 3,526 (20.15%) Social Skills
21 3,362 (19.22%) C#
22 3,176 (18.15%) Continuous Integration
23 3,169 (18.11%) Full Stack Development
24 3,137 (17.93%) Scrum
25 3,126 (17.87%) Node.js
26 3,111 (17.78%) Infrastructure as Code
27 3,022 (17.27%) .NET
28 2,884 (16.48%) Linux
29 2,825 (16.15%) Serverless

CI/CD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 917 (5.24%) Elasticsearch
2 674 (3.85%) Apache Spark
3 610 (3.49%) Confluence
4 429 (2.45%) Apache Airflow
5 404 (2.31%) Apache
6 310 (1.77%) CMS
7 266 (1.52%) IIS
8 233 (1.33%) nginx
9 161 (0.92%) Tomcat
10 145 (0.83%) JBoss
11 127 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
12 89 (0.51%) Headless CMS
13 88 (0.50%) BizTalk Server
14 79 (0.45%) Jupyter
15 78 (0.45%) WordPress
16 62 (0.35%) OpenStack
17 54 (0.31%) SharePoint
18 46 (0.26%) Apache Pulsar
19 45 (0.26%) Drupal
19 45 (0.26%) WebLogic
Applications
1 48 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
2 37 (0.21%) Chatbot
3 21 (0.12%) Microsoft Excel
4 18 (0.10%) Photoshop
4 18 (0.10%) Sketch
5 16 (0.091%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 15 (0.086%) Spreadsheet
7 7 (0.040%) InVision
8 6 (0.034%) Adobe Illustrator
8 6 (0.034%) Microsoft Project
9 3 (0.017%) Adobe XD
9 3 (0.017%) MS Visio
10 2 (0.011%) FileZilla
11 1 (0.006%) Adobe Premiere
11 1 (0.006%) CPLEX
Business Applications
1 104 (0.59%) Payment Gateway
2 83 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
3 30 (0.17%) Oracle EBS R12
4 26 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
5 23 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
6 18 (0.10%) Shopify
7 16 (0.091%) Magento
7 16 (0.091%) Summit
8 14 (0.080%) R3 Corda
9 12 (0.069%) SAP Hybris
10 8 (0.046%) Sentinel
10 8 (0.046%) Temenos T24
11 6 (0.034%) Dynamics NAV
12 5 (0.029%) Adobe Campaign
12 5 (0.029%) Oracle Financials
13 4 (0.023%) NetSuite
13 4 (0.023%) Oracle EBS
13 4 (0.023%) SAP MDM
14 3 (0.017%) Distributed Ledger
15 2 (0.011%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 9,287 (53.08%) AWS
2 6,878 (39.31%) Azure
3 3,974 (22.71%) GCP
4 2,825 (16.15%) Serverless
5 1,922 (10.99%) GitHub
6 1,417 (8.10%) AWS Lambda
7 1,179 (6.74%) SaaS
8 1,142 (6.53%) AWS CloudFormation
9 935 (5.34%) Amazon S3
10 875 (5.00%) OpenShift
11 752 (4.30%) PaaS
12 736 (4.21%) Amazon ECS
13 663 (3.79%) Cloud Computing
14 573 (3.28%) GitHub Actions
15 539 (3.08%) Amazon EC2
16 537 (3.07%) Amazon Kinesis
17 495 (2.83%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 482 (2.75%) IaaS
19 436 (2.49%) Amazon SQS
20 400 (2.29%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 464 (2.65%) Internet
2 416 (2.38%) Firewall
3 415 (2.37%) HTTP
4 259 (1.48%) DNS
5 189 (1.08%) Broadband
6 179 (1.02%) TCP/IP
7 165 (0.94%) VPN
8 112 (0.64%) Network Security
9 72 (0.41%) DHCP
10 57 (0.33%) Reverse Proxy
11 56 (0.32%) LAN
12 53 (0.30%) SSL
13 50 (0.29%) MQTT
14 44 (0.25%) FTP
15 41 (0.23%) AMQP
16 38 (0.22%) HTTPS
16 38 (0.22%) SNA
16 38 (0.22%) VLAN
16 38 (0.22%) WAN
17 33 (0.19%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,344 (13.40%) NoSQL
2 2,305 (13.17%) PostgreSQL
3 1,624 (9.28%) SQL Server
4 1,569 (8.97%) MySQL
5 1,292 (7.38%) Relational Database
6 1,187 (6.78%) MongoDB
7 1,029 (5.88%) Big Data
8 738 (4.22%) Redis
9 678 (3.88%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 642 (3.67%) Data Warehouse
11 581 (3.32%) Apache Cassandra
12 543 (3.10%) Data Lake
13 452 (2.58%) Amazon RDS
14 396 (2.26%) Hadoop
15 344 (1.97%) Power BI
16 342 (1.95%) BigQuery
17 319 (1.82%) Amazon Redshift
18 314 (1.79%) Amazon Aurora
19 309 (1.77%) RDBMS
20 294 (1.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 4,695 (26.83%) Jenkins
2 4,493 (25.68%) Git (software)
3 1,774 (10.14%) JIRA
4 1,304 (7.45%) GitLab
5 904 (5.17%) Selenium
6 793 (4.53%) TeamCity
7 743 (4.25%) Maven
8 642 (3.67%) CircleCI
9 633 (3.62%) Octopus Deploy
10 600 (3.43%) Cypress.io
11 528 (3.02%) JUnit
12 511 (2.92%) Gradle
13 503 (2.87%) Cucumber
14 491 (2.81%) Bitbucket
15 450 (2.57%) webpack
16 407 (2.33%) Postman
16 407 (2.33%) Subversion
17 274 (1.57%) Travis CI
18 270 (1.54%) Team Foundation Server
19 264 (1.51%) Artifactory
General
1 4,782 (27.33%) Finance
2 3,526 (20.15%) Social Skills
3 1,411 (8.06%) Banking
4 1,271 (7.26%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 1,210 (6.92%) Retail
6 1,155 (6.60%) Analytical Skills
7 830 (4.74%) Games
8 687 (3.93%) Marketing
9 636 (3.64%) Manufacturing
10 502 (2.87%) Public Sector
11 398 (2.27%) Law
12 315 (1.80%) Front Office
13 288 (1.65%) Legal
14 281 (1.61%) Telecoms
15 251 (1.43%) Financial Institution
16 246 (1.41%) Organisational Skills
17 225 (1.29%) Advertising
18 211 (1.21%) Publishing
19 200 (1.14%) Presentation Skills
20 193 (1.10%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 4,930 (28.18%) Developer
2 3,056 (17.47%) Software Engineer
3 2,747 (15.70%) DevOps Engineer
4 1,556 (8.89%) Senior Developer
5 1,103 (6.30%) Senior Software Engineer
6 927 (5.30%) Data Engineer
7 916 (5.24%) Java Developer
8 865 (4.94%) Senior DevOps
9 808 (4.62%) Architect
10 801 (4.58%) Cloud Engineer
11 789 (4.51%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 750 (4.29%) Full Stack Developer
13 723 (4.13%) Java Engineer
14 633 (3.62%) AWS Engineer
15 614 (3.51%) .NET Developer
16 588 (3.36%) Software Developer
17 481 (2.75%) Lead Developer
18 465 (2.66%) Principal Engineer
19 455 (2.60%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
20 428 (2.45%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,414 (25.23%) React
2 3,126 (17.87%) Node.js
3 3,022 (17.27%) .NET
4 2,125 (12.15%) CSS
5 2,097 (11.99%) REST
6 2,058 (11.76%) Kafka
7 1,891 (10.81%) HTML
8 1,882 (10.76%) AngularJS
9 1,797 (10.27%) RESTful
10 1,677 (9.59%) Spring
11 1,237 (7.07%) .NET Core
12 1,219 (6.97%) Spring Boot
13 1,087 (6.21%) Vue.js
14 1,069 (6.11%) GraphQL
15 956 (5.46%) ASP.NET
16 811 (4.64%) Web Services
17 720 (4.12%) HTML5
18 681 (3.89%) Jest
19 586 (3.35%) Elastic Stack
20 576 (3.29%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 1,475 (8.43%) User Experience
2 1,458 (8.33%) Cloud Native
3 1,026 (5.86%) Algorithms
4 935 (5.34%) Self-Motivation
5 881 (5.04%) Public Cloud
6 860 (4.92%) Data Structures
7 813 (4.65%) Greenfield Project
8 764 (4.37%) Mobile App
9 525 (3.00%) Life Science
10 521 (2.98%) Linux Command Line
11 476 (2.72%) Enterprise Software
12 295 (1.69%) Blog
13 279 (1.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 271 (1.55%) Hedge funds
15 263 (1.50%) Social Media
16 239 (1.37%) Private Cloud
17 230 (1.31%) Fixed Income
18 228 (1.30%) Equities
19 216 (1.23%) Data Centre
19 216 (1.23%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2,884 (16.48%) Linux
2 1,255 (7.17%) Windows
3 880 (5.03%) Unix
4 648 (3.70%) Android
5 550 (3.14%) Apple iOS
6 284 (1.62%) Windows Server
7 133 (0.76%) Mesosphere
8 128 (0.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 119 (0.68%) VMS
10 117 (0.67%) CentOS
11 90 (0.51%) Ubuntu
12 34 (0.19%) Kali Linux
13 32 (0.18%) Mac OS
14 31 (0.18%) AIX
15 17 (0.097%) Alpine Linux
15 17 (0.097%) Oracle Linux
15 17 (0.097%) Windows 10
16 16 (0.091%) Debian
17 15 (0.086%) Mac OS X
18 13 (0.074%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,411 (59.51%) Agile
2 8,732 (49.91%) DevOps
3 5,588 (31.94%) Software Engineering
4 4,527 (25.87%) Microservices
5 4,324 (24.71%) TDD
6 4,312 (24.65%) Test Automation
7 3,176 (18.15%) Continuous Integration
8 3,169 (18.11%) Full Stack Development
9 3,137 (17.93%) Scrum
10 3,111 (17.78%) Infrastructure as Code
11 2,806 (16.04%) Mentoring
12 2,382 (13.61%) Problem-Solving
13 2,180 (12.46%) BDD
14 2,155 (12.32%) Continuous Delivery
15 2,006 (11.47%) Analytics
16 1,884 (10.77%) SDLC
17 1,758 (10.05%) Computer Science
18 1,684 (9.63%) Coaching
19 1,545 (8.83%) Fintech
20 1,438 (8.22%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 6,866 (39.24%) Python
2 5,855 (33.46%) Java
3 5,368 (30.68%) JavaScript
4 4,133 (23.62%) SQL
5 3,362 (19.22%) C#
6 2,746 (15.70%) TypeScript
7 1,509 (8.62%) PowerShell
8 1,503 (8.59%) Go
9 1,479 (8.45%) Bash
10 1,108 (6.33%) Ruby
11 909 (5.20%) PHP
12 818 (4.68%) Scala
13 768 (4.39%) Kotlin
14 751 (4.29%) C++
15 568 (3.25%) Shell Script
16 561 (3.21%) C
17 451 (2.58%) Groovy
18 389 (2.22%) Perl
19 378 (2.16%) ES6
20 298 (1.70%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 2,079 (11.88%) Degree
2 1,047 (5.98%) Computer Science Degree
3 419 (2.39%) Security Cleared
4 295 (1.69%) SC Cleared
5 194 (1.11%) Master's Degree
6 151 (0.86%) AWS Certification
7 95 (0.54%) Microsoft Certification
8 94 (0.54%) ISTQB
9 57 (0.33%) Oracle Certification
10 54 (0.31%) ISEB
11 53 (0.30%) OCP
12 52 (0.30%) DV Cleared
13 44 (0.25%) CISSP
14 42 (0.24%) PMI Certification
15 31 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
16 29 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
16 29 (0.17%) PhD
17 27 (0.15%) Cisco Certification
18 24 (0.14%) OSCP
19 20 (0.11%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,951 (11.15%) QA
2 436 (2.49%) Accessibility
3 231 (1.32%) Data Quality
4 163 (0.93%) GDPR
5 122 (0.70%) PCI DSS
6 119 (0.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 42 (0.24%) NIST
8 40 (0.23%) SLA
9 39 (0.22%) SOC 2
10 31 (0.18%) HIPAA
11 29 (0.17%) Cyber Essentials
12 22 (0.13%) ISO 9001
13 17 (0.097%) GRC
14 16 (0.091%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
14 16 (0.091%) ISO 13485
15 14 (0.080%) SEPA
15 14 (0.080%) SOC 1
15 14 (0.080%) WCAG
16 11 (0.063%) IEC 62304
16 11 (0.063%) PMO
System Software
1 6,458 (36.91%) Docker
2 212 (1.21%) Virtual Machines
3 185 (1.06%) Active Directory
3 185 (1.06%) VMware Infrastructure
4 115 (0.66%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 49 (0.28%) Apache Flume
6 38 (0.22%) Hyper-V
6 38 (0.22%) KVM
7 31 (0.18%) Oracle RAC
7 31 (0.18%) vSphere
8 25 (0.14%) ISA Server
9 21 (0.12%) LXC
10 20 (0.11%) HDFS
10 20 (0.11%) zsh
11 17 (0.097%) Virtual Servers
12 14 (0.080%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 13 (0.074%) VMware ESXi
14 12 (0.069%) Varnish
15 11 (0.063%) NFS
16 10 (0.057%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 6,065 (34.67%) Kubernetes
2 4,414 (25.23%) Terraform
3 2,469 (14.11%) Ansible
4 1,018 (5.82%) Puppet
5 922 (5.27%) Opscode Chef
6 646 (3.69%) Prometheus
7 517 (2.95%) Grafana
8 239 (1.37%) Kibana
9 215 (1.23%) Istio
10 204 (1.17%) Docker Swarm
11 176 (1.01%) Consul
12 160 (0.91%) Rancher
13 141 (0.81%) logstash
14 133 (0.76%) Automic
15 89 (0.51%) Packer
16 81 (0.46%) HAProxy
17 75 (0.43%) Single Sign-On
18 74 (0.42%) ZABBIX
19 54 (0.31%) Oozie
20 53 (0.30%) Graylog
Vendors
1 1,928 (11.02%) Microsoft
2 1,712 (9.79%) Google
3 687 (3.93%) Oracle
4 527 (3.01%) Splunk
5 325 (1.86%) Databricks
6 269 (1.54%) Salesforce.com
7 268 (1.53%) VMware
8 204 (1.17%) Red Hat
9 150 (0.86%) Atlassian
10 134 (0.77%) New Relic
11 125 (0.71%) SAP
12 109 (0.62%) AppDynamics
13 108 (0.62%) IBM
13 108 (0.62%) ServiceNow
14 105 (0.60%) Apple
15 100 (0.57%) MuleSoft
16 88 (0.50%) Cisco
17 85 (0.49%) Dell
18 82 (0.47%) Samsung
19 76 (0.43%) Facebook