Python
UK

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 22 February 2024 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

6 months to
22 Feb 2024
Same period 2023 Same period 2022
Rank 15 13 13
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 -1
Contract jobs citing Python 4,133 7,555 9,138
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 9.29% 11.29% 10.20%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.61% 30.96% 27.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,922 5,327 6,582
10th Percentile £400 £425 £416
25th Percentile £463 £500 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £600 £575
Median % change year-on-year -8.33% +4.35% +12.75%
75th Percentile £675 £700 £675
90th Percentile £788 £806 £750
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £550 £513
% change year-on-year -4.55% +7.32% +13.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 107 136 96
10th Percentile £24.32 £22.16 £24.79
25th Percentile £40.63 £47.19 £31.25
Median hourly rate £60.00 £65.00 £48.58
Median % change year-on-year -7.69% +33.80% +38.80%
75th Percentile £70.00 £70.30 £58.91
90th Percentile £76.53 £75.00 £65.39
UK excluding London median hourly rate £60.00 £65.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year -7.69% +36.84% +37.52%

All Programming Languages
UK

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 13,073 24,406 33,567
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.37% 36.48% 37.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,259 17,499 24,497
10th Percentile £350 £400 £375
25th Percentile £425 £463 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £532 £563 £543
Median % change year-on-year -5.42% +3.69% +14.21%
75th Percentile £650 £680 £650
90th Percentile £750 £775 £738
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £510 £475
% change year-on-year -1.96% +7.37% +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 496 496 453
10th Percentile £35.25 £27.50 £20.75
25th Percentile £46.25 £48.49 £35.00
Median hourly rate £60.00 £64.63 £49.00
Median % change year-on-year -7.16% +31.89% +13.95%
75th Percentile £69.62 £68.75 £60.00
90th Percentile £76.53 £75.00 £71.67
UK excluding London median hourly rate £62.50 £65.00 £48.50
% change year-on-year -3.85% +34.02% +14.12%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python.

Daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 22 February 2024.

Daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python.

Hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 22 February 2024.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 22 February 2024. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -1 3,526 £560 -6.67% 2,679
London -1 2,241 £575 -8.00% 1,356
Work from Home 0 1,691 £553 -3.91% 1,470
UK excluding London -2 1,416 £525 -4.55% 1,449
North of England 0 358 £500 -9.09% 343
South East -10 299 £530 -3.64% 328
Scotland 0 287 £525 +5.00% 129
South West 0 219 £600 +9.09% 208
North West -4 198 £500 -9.09% 198
Yorkshire +9 133 £500 -16.67% 114
Midlands +18 130 £500 -4.76% 178
East of England -4 116 £450 -12.20% 215
West Midlands +7 74 £475 -13.64% 113
East Midlands +27 56 £513 +2.50% 64
North East +14 28 £415 -36.15% 33
Northern Ireland -4 14 £435 -27.50% 35
Wales -4 12 £525 -8.70% 40

Python
Co-occurring Skills and Capabilities by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same employment type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 181 (4.38%) Apache
1 181 (4.38%) Apache Airflow
2 148 (3.58%) Apache Spark
2 148 (3.58%) Confluence
3 48 (1.16%) nginx
4 44 (1.06%) SAS
5 42 (1.02%) OpenStack
6 26 (0.63%) Jupyter
7 23 (0.56%) SharePoint
8 18 (0.44%) BizTalk Server
9 14 (0.34%) IIS
9 14 (0.34%) Tomcat
10 11 (0.27%) Microsoft Exchange
11 10 (0.24%) Luigi
12 9 (0.22%) ArcGIS
13 7 (0.17%) Cloud Foundry
13 7 (0.17%) CMS
14 6 (0.15%) Apache Solr
14 6 (0.15%) Oracle Workflow
14 6 (0.15%) Tornado
Applications
1 124 (3.00%) Chatbot
2 96 (2.32%) Microsoft Excel
3 40 (0.97%) Microsoft Office
4 17 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 13 (0.31%) Simulink
6 10 (0.24%) MS Visio
7 9 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
7 9 (0.22%) SPSS
8 5 (0.12%) Sketch
9 4 (0.097%) Stata
10 2 (0.048%) Trello
11 1 (0.024%) GNU Octave
11 1 (0.024%) Mathcad
11 1 (0.024%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 15 (0.36%) Distributed Ledger
2 11 (0.27%) Maximo
3 10 (0.24%) ION MarketView
4 9 (0.22%) Odoo
4 9 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
5 8 (0.19%) Aladdin
6 6 (0.15%) NEC Housing
6 6 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 5 (0.12%) Endur
8 4 (0.097%) Dynamics CRM
8 4 (0.097%) SAP S/4HANA
9 3 (0.073%) Payment Gateway
9 3 (0.073%) Primavera
9 3 (0.073%) Remedy ITSM
9 3 (0.073%) Shopify
10 2 (0.048%) Aareon QL
10 2 (0.048%) IntelliMatch
10 2 (0.048%) SAP BPC
10 2 (0.048%) SAP Hybris
10 2 (0.048%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 1,479 (35.79%) AWS
2 1,048 (25.36%) Azure
3 399 (9.65%) GCP
4 388 (9.39%) Serverless
5 284 (6.87%) AWS Lambda
6 274 (6.63%) Amazon S3
7 255 (6.17%) Power Platform
8 220 (5.32%) GitHub
9 210 (5.08%) Azure DevOps
10 171 (4.14%) AWS CloudFormation
11 135 (3.27%) Amazon EC2
12 134 (3.24%) Azure Data Factory
13 130 (3.15%) OpenShift
14 98 (2.37%) Snowflake
15 97 (2.35%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 93 (2.25%) Amazon EKS
17 91 (2.20%) dbt
18 85 (2.06%) SaaS
19 80 (1.94%) Azure Synapse Analytics
19 80 (1.94%) GitHub Actions
Communications & Networking
1 150 (3.63%) Firewall
2 129 (3.12%) DNS
3 114 (2.76%) TCP/IP
4 81 (1.96%) SAN
5 73 (1.77%) Network Security
6 68 (1.65%) BGP
7 59 (1.43%) HTTP
8 57 (1.38%) VPN
9 54 (1.31%) DHCP
10 50 (1.21%) MPLS
11 49 (1.19%) Internet
12 43 (1.04%) VLAN
13 39 (0.94%) SSL
14 36 (0.87%) LAN
15 35 (0.85%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
15 35 (0.85%) NAS
16 34 (0.82%) OSPF
17 30 (0.73%) Radio Access Network
17 30 (0.73%) Wireless
18 29 (0.70%) IPv4
Database & Business Intelligence
1 248 (6.00%) Power BI
2 233 (5.64%) PostgreSQL
3 231 (5.59%) Big Data
4 223 (5.40%) Data Warehouse
5 178 (4.31%) SQL Server
6 169 (4.09%) Tableau
7 166 (4.02%) NoSQL
8 142 (3.44%) Relational Database
9 140 (3.39%) Data Lake
10 127 (3.07%) MongoDB
11 121 (2.93%) Amazon RDS
12 112 (2.71%) MySQL
13 99 (2.40%) Amazon Redshift
14 87 (2.11%) Hadoop
15 77 (1.86%) Amazon Athena
16 75 (1.81%) DynamoDB
17 73 (1.77%) Azure SQL Database
18 71 (1.72%) Elasticsearch
19 70 (1.69%) BigQuery
20 57 (1.38%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 534 (12.92%) Git
2 422 (10.21%) Jenkins
3 259 (6.27%) JIRA
4 185 (4.48%) GitLab
5 99 (2.40%) Bitbucket
6 71 (1.72%) Selenium
7 66 (1.60%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 57 (1.38%) Cypress.io
9 49 (1.19%) Artifactory
10 39 (0.94%) TeamCity
11 35 (0.85%) Maven
12 32 (0.77%) JUnit
12 32 (0.77%) Sonatype Nexus
13 31 (0.75%) JMeter
14 29 (0.70%) Gradle
14 29 (0.70%) Postman
14 29 (0.70%) Robot Framework
15 28 (0.68%) Cucumber
16 23 (0.56%) Subversion
17 20 (0.48%) SonarQube
General
1 910 (22.02%) Finance
2 798 (19.31%) Social Skills
3 421 (10.19%) Banking
4 395 (9.56%) Analytical Skills
5 295 (7.14%) Public Sector
6 283 (6.85%) Front Office
7 169 (4.09%) Investment Banking
8 71 (1.72%) Marketing
9 68 (1.65%) Telecoms
10 57 (1.38%) Presentation Skills
11 56 (1.35%) Back Office
12 49 (1.19%) Pharmaceutical
13 45 (1.09%) Retail
14 43 (1.04%) Manufacturing
15 36 (0.87%) Electronics
16 34 (0.82%) Financial Institution
17 30 (0.73%) Organisational Skills
18 27 (0.65%) Inclusion and Diversity
19 24 (0.58%) Legal
20 22 (0.53%) Law
Job Titles
1 1,169 (28.28%) Developer
2 472 (11.42%) Data Engineer
3 453 (10.96%) Python Developer
4 422 (10.21%) Senior
5 354 (8.57%) DevOps Engineer
6 307 (7.43%) Analyst
7 271 (6.56%) Python Engineer
8 245 (5.93%) Software Developer
9 234 (5.66%) AWS Engineer
10 222 (5.37%) Software Engineer
11 184 (4.45%) Architect
12 183 (4.43%) Lead
13 163 (3.94%) Azure Engineer
14 162 (3.92%) Full Stack Developer
15 150 (3.63%) Cloud Engineer
16 141 (3.41%) Data Analyst
17 124 (3.00%) Data Scientist
18 107 (2.59%) Platform Engineer
19 103 (2.49%) Linux Engineer
20 99 (2.40%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 256 (6.19%) React
2 253 (6.12%) HTML
3 226 (5.47%) Kafka
4 200 (4.84%) REST
5 187 (4.52%) Pandas
6 184 (4.45%) .NET
7 158 (3.82%) PySpark
8 138 (3.34%) RESTful
9 137 (3.31%) NumPy
10 135 (3.27%) Node.js
11 123 (2.98%) JSON
12 113 (2.73%) Django
13 110 (2.66%) CSS
14 95 (2.30%) AngularJS
15 84 (2.03%) TensorFlow
16 83 (2.01%) Flask
17 79 (1.91%) AWS CDK
18 77 (1.86%) FastAPI
18 77 (1.86%) gRPC
19 76 (1.84%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 167 (4.04%) Algorithms
2 150 (3.63%) Derivative
3 109 (2.64%) Cloud Native
4 105 (2.54%) Fixed Income
5 92 (2.23%) Hedge funds
6 86 (2.08%) Distributed Systems
7 79 (1.91%) Product Ownership
8 78 (1.89%) Data Protection Act
8 78 (1.89%) Public Cloud
9 77 (1.86%) Data Structures
10 75 (1.81%) Data Centre
11 72 (1.74%) Management Information System
12 68 (1.65%) Greenfield Project
13 63 (1.52%) Equities
14 62 (1.50%) Linux Command Line
15 56 (1.35%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 51 (1.23%) Legacy Systems
17 41 (0.99%) Onboarding
18 37 (0.90%) Self-Motivation
19 35 (0.85%) IoT
Operating Systems
1 832 (20.13%) Linux
2 382 (9.24%) Windows
3 261 (6.32%) Unix
4 172 (4.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 136 (3.29%) Windows Server
6 55 (1.33%) Ubuntu
7 47 (1.14%) Debian
8 40 (0.97%) CentOS
9 26 (0.63%) Android
10 22 (0.53%) Windows Server 2019
11 20 (0.48%) Apple iOS
12 19 (0.46%) Solaris
12 19 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
12 19 (0.46%) Windows Server 2016
13 15 (0.36%) AIX
13 15 (0.36%) VMS
14 14 (0.34%) Embedded Linux
15 13 (0.31%) Oracle Linux
16 11 (0.27%) Mac OS
17 9 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,029 (24.90%) DevOps
2 1,005 (24.32%) Agile
3 892 (21.58%) CI/CD
4 666 (16.11%) Software Engineering
5 566 (13.69%) Problem-Solving
6 498 (12.05%) Analytics
7 402 (9.73%) Infrastructure as Code
8 386 (9.34%) Artificial Intelligence
9 376 (9.10%) Test Automation
10 361 (8.73%) Machine Learning
11 360 (8.71%) ETL
12 355 (8.59%) Data Modelling
13 339 (8.20%) Data Science
14 319 (7.72%) Computer Science
15 315 (7.62%) Data Pipeline
16 311 (7.52%) Business Intelligence
16 311 (7.52%) Containerisation
17 257 (6.22%) Data Engineering
17 257 (6.22%) Visualisation
18 245 (5.93%) Full Stack Development
Programming Languages
1 1,416 (34.26%) SQL
2 843 (20.40%) Java
3 598 (14.47%) JavaScript
4 478 (11.57%) C#
5 441 (10.67%) Bash
6 428 (10.36%) PowerShell
7 265 (6.41%) C++
8 252 (6.10%) Go
9 222 (5.37%) Perl
10 198 (4.79%) TypeScript
11 179 (4.33%) R
12 144 (3.48%) Shell Script
13 138 (3.34%) C
13 138 (3.34%) Scala
14 136 (3.29%) Ruby
15 59 (1.43%) T-SQL
16 57 (1.38%) PL/SQL
17 41 (0.99%) VBA
18 40 (0.97%) Groovy
18 40 (0.97%) Rust
Qualifications
1 662 (16.02%) Security Cleared
2 521 (12.61%) Degree
3 505 (12.22%) SC Cleared
4 181 (4.38%) Computer Science Degree
5 159 (3.85%) DV Cleared
6 110 (2.66%) Master's Degree
7 79 (1.91%) AWS Certification
8 55 (1.33%) Azure Certification
9 52 (1.26%) Cisco Certification
10 45 (1.09%) PhD
11 43 (1.04%) CCNP
12 38 (0.92%) AWS Certified Solutions Architect
13 30 (0.73%) BPSS Clearance
14 24 (0.58%) CCNA
15 22 (0.53%) Numerate Degree
16 20 (0.48%) AWS Certified DevOps Engineer
16 20 (0.48%) CISSP
17 18 (0.44%) AWS Certified Developer
18 13 (0.31%) OSCP
19 11 (0.27%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 173 (4.19%) Data Quality
2 166 (4.02%) QA
3 38 (0.92%) Accessibility
4 32 (0.77%) GDPR
5 25 (0.60%) NIST
6 20 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 13 (0.31%) SLA
8 12 (0.29%) GxP
9 11 (0.27%) PCI DSS
10 9 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
10 9 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 7 (0.17%) JTAG
12 6 (0.15%) Good Clinical Practice
12 6 (0.15%) MiFID
12 6 (0.15%) NCSC
12 6 (0.15%) WCAG
13 4 (0.097%) ISO 9001
13 4 (0.097%) ISO/IEC 12207
13 4 (0.097%) PMO
14 3 (0.073%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 536 (12.97%) Docker
2 137 (3.31%) VMware Infrastructure
3 108 (2.61%) Active Directory
4 42 (1.02%) Virtual Machines
5 39 (0.94%) vSphere
6 27 (0.65%) VMware NSX
7 26 (0.63%) NFS
7 26 (0.63%) VMware ESXi
8 23 (0.56%) Firmware
8 23 (0.56%) Hyper-V
9 16 (0.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 16 (0.39%) Virtual Desktop
10 14 (0.34%) KVM
11 9 (0.22%) Time Sharing Option
12 8 (0.19%) OpenAM
13 7 (0.17%) Ceph
13 7 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
14 6 (0.15%) HDFS
15 4 (0.097%) GPFS
15 4 (0.097%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 699 (16.91%) Kubernetes
2 644 (15.58%) Terraform
3 462 (11.18%) Ansible
4 171 (4.14%) Grafana
5 133 (3.22%) Prometheus
6 125 (3.02%) Puppet
7 87 (2.11%) Progress Chef
8 72 (1.74%) Packer
9 44 (1.06%) Kibana
10 42 (1.02%) Consul
11 40 (0.97%) ZABBIX
12 39 (0.94%) Nagios
13 37 (0.90%) ITRS Geneos
14 25 (0.60%) PowerCLI
15 24 (0.58%) Single Sign-On
16 22 (0.53%) Argo
17 21 (0.51%) SCCM
18 20 (0.48%) vRealize
19 18 (0.44%) logstash
20 17 (0.41%) Graylog
Vendors
1 344 (8.32%) Microsoft
2 240 (5.81%) Databricks
3 219 (5.30%) VMware
4 189 (4.57%) Oracle
5 174 (4.21%) Google
6 158 (3.82%) Red Hat
7 125 (3.02%) Splunk
8 121 (2.93%) PayPal
9 93 (2.25%) Cisco
10 83 (2.01%) SAP
11 66 (1.60%) IBM
12 65 (1.57%) Atlassian
13 55 (1.33%) F5
13 55 (1.33%) ServiceNow
14 54 (1.31%) Dell
14 54 (1.31%) HP
15 49 (1.19%) Dynatrace
16 48 (1.16%) Salesforce
17 42 (1.02%) Informatica
18 39 (0.94%) Bloomberg