Period
to 18 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 18 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
18 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 79 101 89
Rank change year-on-year +22 -12 -7
Permanent jobs citing Spring 4,886 1,541 4,680
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.90% 3.22% 3.41%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.65% 7.32% 9.10%
Number of salaries quoted 2,549 1,298 3,920
10th Percentile £42,500 £38,750 £35,000
25th Percentile £48,750 £47,500 £43,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £62,500 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +8.00% +8.70% -
75th Percentile £86,250 £76,250 £75,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 50,626 21,045 51,443
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.41% 43.92% 37.47%
Number of salaries quoted 32,406 18,044 42,608
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £54,903
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.73% +8.72%
75th Percentile £78,750 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Salary trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 18 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 18 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +14 4,133 £70,000 +7.69% 604
London +24 2,341 £80,000 +10.34% 328
UK excluding London +4 2,216 £55,000 - 343
Work from Home -20 884 £65,000 +13.04% 151
South East -7 678 £65,000 - 59
North of England +20 508 £55,000 +10.00% 96
North West +42 293 £55,000 - 60
Scotland +27 268 £55,000 +10.00% 39
Midlands +1 251 £52,500 +23.53% 61
South West -22 233 £52,675 +5.35% 40
West Midlands -13 177 £52,500 +10.53% 49
Yorkshire -50 157 £55,000 +10.00% 26
Wales +18 155 £50,000 +17.65% 25
East Midlands -37 73 £52,500 +31.25% 11
Northern Ireland -7 68 £68,750 +37.50% 5
North East +6 59 £50,000 +15.61% 10
East of England -88 56 £57,500 - 18

For the 6 months to 18 October 2021, IT jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 4,675 (95.68%) Java
2 3,080 (63.04%) Agile Software Development
3 2,455 (50.25%) Microservices
4 2,287 (46.81%) Spring Boot
5 1,745 (35.71%) Docker
6 1,720 (35.20%) TDD
7 1,687 (34.53%) AWS
8 1,620 (33.16%) Software Engineering
9 1,476 (30.21%) SQL
10 1,463 (29.94%) DevOps
11 1,411 (28.88%) Jenkins
12 1,387 (28.39%) AngularJS
13 1,380 (28.24%) JavaScript
14 1,369 (28.02%) Kubernetes
15 1,323 (27.08%) Scrum
16 1,320 (27.02%) Finance
17 1,241 (25.40%) React
18 1,186 (24.27%) Git (software)
19 1,109 (22.70%) Hibernate
20 1,108 (22.68%) REST
21 1,077 (22.04%) Kafka
22 1,026 (21.00%) Node.js
23 1,019 (20.86%) Java 8
24 1,017 (20.81%) Azure
25 1,016 (20.79%) Social Skills
26 969 (19.83%) BDD
27 967 (19.79%) Continuous Integration
28 914 (18.71%) RESTful
29 910 (18.62%) Full Stack Development
30 863 (17.66%) NoSQL

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 378 (7.74%) Apache Spark
2 374 (7.65%) Apache
3 223 (4.56%) Elasticsearch
4 217 (4.44%) GemFire
5 200 (4.09%) Tomcat
6 143 (2.93%) Confluence
7 113 (2.31%) Cloud Foundry
8 101 (2.07%) nginx
9 53 (1.08%) JBoss
10 45 (0.92%) WebSphere
11 42 (0.86%) Mule
12 34 (0.70%) Apache Solr
13 32 (0.65%) IIS
14 31 (0.63%) CMS
15 25 (0.51%) Apache Pulsar
16 21 (0.43%) Mule ESB
17 20 (0.41%) MQSeries
18 19 (0.39%) Anypoint
18 19 (0.39%) OpenStack
19 18 (0.37%) Camunda
Applications
1 31 (0.63%) InVision
1 31 (0.63%) Sketch
2 10 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
2 10 (0.20%) Adobe XD
2 10 (0.20%) Photoshop
3 5 (0.10%) Figma
4 4 (0.082%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.041%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.041%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.020%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 19 (0.39%) Oracle BPM
2 11 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
3 10 (0.20%) R3 Corda
4 8 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
5 7 (0.14%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
6 5 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
6 5 (0.10%) Visualfiles
7 3 (0.061%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 2 (0.041%) Dynamics CRM
8 2 (0.041%) Magento
8 2 (0.041%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
8 2 (0.041%) Temenos T24
9 1 (0.020%) Oracle EBS
9 1 (0.020%) Oracle EBS R12
9 1 (0.020%) SAP CRM
9 1 (0.020%) SAP S/4HANA
9 1 (0.020%) Shopify
9 1 (0.020%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 1,687 (34.53%) AWS
2 1,017 (20.81%) Azure
3 636 (13.02%) GCP
4 605 (12.38%) GitHub
5 408 (8.35%) Serverless
6 301 (6.16%) OpenShift
7 215 (4.40%) Amazon Kinesis
8 194 (3.97%) SaaS
9 149 (3.05%) Amazon EC2
10 128 (2.62%) AWS Lambda
11 127 (2.60%) Cloud Computing
12 113 (2.31%) PaaS
13 87 (1.78%) Amazon S3
14 56 (1.15%) npm
15 49 (1.00%) Amazon EKS
16 45 (0.92%) Amazon ECS
17 43 (0.88%) Amazon SQS
18 42 (0.86%) Datadog
19 36 (0.74%) IaaS
19 36 (0.74%) Twilio
Communications & Networking
1 176 (3.60%) HTTP
2 70 (1.43%) AMQP
3 61 (1.25%) Internet
4 44 (0.90%) SSL
5 31 (0.63%) Calico
6 24 (0.49%) Firewall
7 21 (0.43%) SMS
8 13 (0.27%) Broadband
9 9 (0.18%) SMTP
10 8 (0.16%) Reverse Proxy
10 8 (0.16%) SSH
10 8 (0.16%) WPA
11 7 (0.14%) TCP/IP
12 6 (0.12%) RIP
12 6 (0.12%) SWIFTNet
13 4 (0.082%) Intelligent Network
14 3 (0.061%) DNS
14 3 (0.061%) Unified Communications
15 2 (0.041%) HTTPS
15 2 (0.041%) SMPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 863 (17.66%) NoSQL
2 799 (16.35%) Relational Database
3 716 (14.65%) PostgreSQL
4 595 (12.18%) MongoDB
5 501 (10.25%) Big Data
6 436 (8.92%) Redis
7 423 (8.66%) MySQL
8 253 (5.18%) HBase
9 248 (5.08%) MariaDB
10 221 (4.52%) SQL Server
11 185 (3.79%) RDBMS
12 184 (3.77%) Hadoop
13 182 (3.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 181 (3.70%) Apache Cassandra
15 89 (1.82%) Amazon RDS
16 85 (1.74%) Oracle Database
17 79 (1.62%) Hazelcast
18 75 (1.53%) Blockchain
19 71 (1.45%) DB2
20 45 (0.92%) Apache Accumulo
Development Applications
1 1,411 (28.88%) Jenkins
2 1,186 (24.27%) Git (software)
3 650 (13.30%) JUnit
4 636 (13.02%) Maven
5 448 (9.17%) Gradle
6 392 (8.02%) Mockito
7 377 (7.72%) Cucumber
8 294 (6.02%) JIRA
9 280 (5.73%) Protractor
10 279 (5.71%) IntelliJ
11 272 (5.57%) Sonatype Nexus
12 269 (5.51%) Eclipse
13 233 (4.77%) Cypress.io
14 218 (4.46%) Storybook
15 180 (3.68%) Artifactory
16 179 (3.66%) SonarQube
17 162 (3.32%) Selenium
18 149 (3.05%) GitLab
19 125 (2.56%) Subversion
20 85 (1.74%) webpack
General
1 1,320 (27.02%) Finance
2 1,016 (20.79%) Social Skills
3 594 (12.16%) Banking
4 406 (8.31%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 375 (7.67%) Law
6 374 (7.65%) Public Sector
7 237 (4.85%) Analytical Skills
8 178 (3.64%) Retail
9 157 (3.21%) Games
10 111 (2.27%) Telecoms
11 103 (2.11%) Investment Banking
12 98 (2.01%) Financial Institution
13 91 (1.86%) Advertising
14 90 (1.84%) Presentation Skills
15 86 (1.76%) Back Office
15 86 (1.76%) Front Office
16 62 (1.27%) Legal
17 54 (1.11%) Marketing
18 49 (1.00%) Documentation Skills
19 47 (0.96%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 2,888 (59.11%) Developer
2 2,062 (42.20%) Java Developer
3 940 (19.24%) Software Engineer
4 857 (17.54%) Senior Developer
5 609 (12.46%) Senior Java Developer
6 595 (12.18%) Java Engineer
7 314 (6.43%) Software Developer
8 294 (6.02%) Java Software Engineer
9 276 (5.65%) Senior Software Engineer
10 249 (5.10%) Lead Developer
11 231 (4.73%) Architect
12 230 (4.71%) Senior Java Engineer
13 226 (4.63%) Full Stack Developer
14 181 (3.70%) Principal Engineer
15 161 (3.30%) Backend Developer
16 148 (3.03%) Lead Java Developer
17 145 (2.97%) Senior Software Developer
18 142 (2.91%) Principal Software Engineer
19 118 (2.42%) Technical Leader
20 112 (2.29%) Senior Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,287 (46.81%) Spring Boot
2 1,387 (28.39%) AngularJS
3 1,241 (25.40%) React
4 1,109 (22.70%) Hibernate
5 1,108 (22.68%) REST
6 1,077 (22.04%) Kafka
7 1,026 (21.00%) Node.js
8 914 (18.71%) RESTful
9 797 (16.31%) CSS
10 702 (14.37%) Web Services
11 607 (12.42%) HTML
12 535 (10.95%) RabbitMQ
13 477 (9.76%) JSON
14 465 (9.52%) .NET
15 353 (7.22%) Redux
16 350 (7.16%) Middleware
17 342 (7.00%) GraphQL
18 297 (6.08%) Java EE
19 286 (5.85%) XML
20 268 (5.49%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 366 (7.49%) User Experience
2 327 (6.69%) Greenfield Project
3 238 (4.87%) Self-Motivation
4 222 (4.54%) Linux Command Line
5 170 (3.48%) Data Structures
6 166 (3.40%) Algorithms
7 162 (3.32%) Virtual Team
8 158 (3.23%) Enterprise Software
9 157 (3.21%) Cloud Native
10 139 (2.84%) Mobile App
11 109 (2.23%) Public Cloud
12 86 (1.76%) Derivative
13 66 (1.35%) Management Information System
14 51 (1.04%) Online Games
15 46 (0.94%) SWIFT
16 37 (0.76%) NHS
17 35 (0.72%) Data Centre
17 35 (0.72%) Fixed Income
18 33 (0.68%) iPad
19 32 (0.65%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 805 (16.48%) Linux
2 481 (9.84%) Unix
3 102 (2.09%) Windows
4 57 (1.17%) Android
5 56 (1.15%) Apple iOS
6 24 (0.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 19 (0.39%) Mac OS X
8 13 (0.27%) Mac OS
9 9 (0.18%) Ubuntu
10 8 (0.16%) CentOS
11 5 (0.10%) VMS
11 5 (0.10%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.020%) Alpine Linux
12 1 (0.020%) Amazon Linux
12 1 (0.020%) CoreOS
12 1 (0.020%) Debian
12 1 (0.020%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,080 (63.04%) Agile Software Development
2 2,455 (50.25%) Microservices
3 1,720 (35.20%) TDD
4 1,620 (33.16%) Software Engineering
5 1,463 (29.94%) DevOps
6 1,323 (27.08%) Scrum
7 969 (19.83%) BDD
8 967 (19.79%) Continuous Integration
9 910 (18.62%) Full Stack Development
10 810 (16.58%) Open Source
11 798 (16.33%) Problem-Solving
12 686 (14.04%) Computer Science
13 638 (13.06%) OO
14 606 (12.40%) Mentoring
15 588 (12.03%) Test Automation
16 513 (10.50%) Fintech
17 490 (10.03%) Coaching
18 386 (7.90%) Multithreading
19 369 (7.55%) Continuous Delivery
20 355 (7.27%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 4,675 (95.68%) Java
2 1,476 (30.21%) SQL
3 1,380 (28.24%) JavaScript
4 1,019 (20.86%) Java 8
5 822 (16.82%) Python
6 521 (10.66%) C#
7 461 (9.44%) TypeScript
8 361 (7.39%) Kotlin
9 324 (6.63%) Java 11
10 278 (5.69%) Shell Script
11 267 (5.46%) Groovy
12 217 (4.44%) Scala
13 122 (2.50%) C++
14 117 (2.39%) Go
15 103 (2.11%) C
16 98 (2.01%) ES6
17 82 (1.68%) Bash Shell
18 71 (1.45%) PHP
19 66 (1.35%) PL/SQL
20 48 (0.98%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 722 (14.78%) Degree
2 542 (11.09%) Security Cleared
3 513 (10.50%) SC Cleared
4 250 (5.12%) Computer Science Degree
5 212 (4.34%) Oracle Certification
6 210 (4.30%) OCP
7 71 (1.45%) Master's Degree
8 24 (0.49%) DBS Check
9 23 (0.47%) AWS Certification
10 18 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
11 17 (0.35%) Numerate Degree
11 17 (0.35%) SANS
12 14 (0.29%) SAFe Agilist
13 12 (0.25%) HND
13 12 (0.25%) MCSD
14 11 (0.23%) HNC
15 10 (0.20%) DV Cleared
16 7 (0.14%) BPSS Clearance
16 7 (0.14%) PhD
17 5 (0.10%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 284 (5.81%) QA
2 54 (1.11%) SLA
3 35 (0.72%) Accessibility
4 25 (0.51%) MiFID
5 23 (0.47%) EMIR
6 19 (0.39%) WCAG
7 16 (0.33%) GDPR
8 10 (0.20%) NCSC
9 7 (0.14%) Data Quality
9 7 (0.14%) ISO 20022
9 7 (0.14%) PCI DSS
10 6 (0.12%) ISO 15022
11 4 (0.082%) HIPAA
11 4 (0.082%) ISO 13485
12 3 (0.061%) CDISC
12 3 (0.061%) Good Clinical Practice
12 3 (0.061%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 3 (0.061%) IEC 62304
12 3 (0.061%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 2 (0.041%) PSD2
System Software
1 1,745 (35.71%) Docker
2 194 (3.97%) HDFS
3 147 (3.01%) VMware Infrastructure
4 53 (1.08%) Virtual Machines
5 37 (0.76%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 24 (0.49%) Postfix
7 11 (0.23%) ISA Server
8 7 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
9 4 (0.082%) KVM
9 4 (0.082%) vSphere
10 2 (0.041%) Active Directory
10 2 (0.041%) Firmware
10 2 (0.041%) NDS
10 2 (0.041%) NetIQ eDirectory
11 1 (0.020%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.020%) Varnish
11 1 (0.020%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 1,369 (28.02%) Kubernetes
2 723 (14.80%) Terraform
3 664 (13.59%) Ansible
4 161 (3.30%) Opscode Chef
5 114 (2.33%) Grafana
6 103 (2.11%) Puppet
7 69 (1.41%) Kibana
8 66 (1.35%) Prometheus
9 47 (0.96%) Single Sign-On
10 43 (0.88%) Istio
11 28 (0.57%) logstash
12 25 (0.51%) Hadoop YARN
13 22 (0.45%) HAProxy
14 21 (0.43%) Docker Swarm
15 17 (0.35%) Consul
15 17 (0.35%) Mesos
16 14 (0.29%) Packer
16 14 (0.29%) Rancher
17 13 (0.27%) linkerd
18 9 (0.18%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 664 (13.59%) Oracle
2 220 (4.50%) Google
3 217 (4.44%) Okta
4 215 (4.40%) VMware
5 205 (4.20%) Microsoft
6 94 (1.92%) Red Hat
7 76 (1.56%) Splunk
8 72 (1.47%) IBM
9 65 (1.33%) Atlassian
10 56 (1.15%) MuleSoft
11 51 (1.04%) Sybase
12 50 (1.02%) SAP
13 32 (0.65%) Solace
13 32 (0.65%) TIBCO
14 31 (0.63%) Adobe
15 29 (0.59%) Guidewire
15 29 (0.59%) LexisNexis
16 26 (0.53%) Talend
17 25 (0.51%) BT
18 24 (0.49%) Bloomberg