Period
to 2 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 2 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
2 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 94 92 76
Rank change year-on-year -2 -16 +6
Permanent jobs citing Spring 2,481 3,914 5,743
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.29% 3.23% 3.82%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.94% 8.32% 9.62%
Number of salaries quoted 2,544 3,483 5,077
Median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £34,000
90th Percentile £88,750 £92,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 31,255 47,051 59,715
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.46% 38.80% 39.72%
Number of salaries quoted 25,807 38,980 49,561
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £34,500 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Salary trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 2 March 2021.

Salary histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 2 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 2,222 £62,500 - 452
UK excluding London +6 1,262 £55,000 +4.76% 291
London +5 1,126 £72,500 -3.33% 220
Work from Home -1 528 £60,000 -14.29% 130
South East +2 320 £62,500 +4.17% 63
South West +38 259 £51,625 +3.25% 29
North of England -13 259 £50,000 -4.76% 84
Midlands +13 152 £50,000 - 40
Scotland +10 142 £52,500 +5.00% 43
North West -11 108 £51,250 -6.82% 39
West Midlands +30 94 £52,500 - 28
Yorkshire -44 85 £47,500 -5.00% 32
East of England +1 84 £67,500 +17.39% 14
North East +64 66 £50,000 +2.56% 13
East Midlands -13 58 £47,500 - 12
Wales +4 34 £45,000 - 12
Northern Ireland -3 16 £40,000 -27.27% 6

For the 6 months to 2 March 2021, IT jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 2,304 (92.87%) Java
2 1,395 (56.23%) Agile Software Development
3 1,140 (45.95%) Spring Boot
4 1,078 (43.45%) Microservices
5 781 (31.48%) Docker
6 772 (31.12%) JavaScript
7 767 (30.91%) AWS
8 726 (29.26%) TDD
9 652 (26.28%) SQL
10 619 (24.95%) Software Engineering
11 601 (24.22%) Java 8
12 599 (24.14%) Kubernetes
13 586 (23.62%) DevOps
14 562 (22.65%) AngularJS
15 558 (22.49%) Hibernate
16 534 (21.52%) Git (software)
17 528 (21.28%) Finance
18 492 (19.83%) Scrum
19 457 (18.42%) REST
20 450 (18.14%) Jenkins
21 411 (16.57%) Maven
22 410 (16.53%) HTML
23 403 (16.24%) RESTful
24 401 (16.16%) Kafka
25 386 (15.56%) Web Services
26 382 (15.40%) BDD
27 365 (14.71%) CSS
28 363 (14.63%) PostgreSQL
29 362 (14.59%) React
30 347 (13.99%) Azure

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 172 (6.93%) Elasticsearch
2 157 (6.33%) Tomcat
3 96 (3.87%) Confluence
4 90 (3.63%) Apache
5 71 (2.86%) Apache Spark
6 52 (2.10%) WebSphere
7 48 (1.93%) JBoss
8 27 (1.09%) WebLogic
9 24 (0.97%) Apache Solr
9 24 (0.97%) Cloud Foundry
10 22 (0.89%) Mule
11 21 (0.85%) Red Hat Fuse
12 18 (0.73%) Mule ESB
12 18 (0.73%) OpenStack
13 17 (0.69%) nginx
14 16 (0.64%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 16 (0.64%) CMS
15 15 (0.60%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 13 (0.52%) Tornado
17 10 (0.40%) IIS
Applications
1 16 (0.64%) InVision
1 16 (0.64%) Sketch
2 9 (0.36%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
3 4 (0.16%) Adobe XD
3 4 (0.16%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 10 (0.40%) Oracle BPM
1 10 (0.40%) R3 Corda
2 9 (0.36%) Payment Gateway
3 5 (0.20%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 3 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
4 3 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.081%) Maximo
5 2 (0.081%) SAP CRM
5 2 (0.081%) SAP ERP
5 2 (0.081%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.040%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 767 (30.91%) AWS
2 347 (13.99%) Azure
3 250 (10.08%) GCP
4 186 (7.50%) SaaS
5 100 (4.03%) GitHub
6 77 (3.10%) Serverless
7 72 (2.90%) OpenShift
8 70 (2.82%) Amazon EC2
9 67 (2.70%) PaaS
10 53 (2.14%) Cloud Computing
11 44 (1.77%) Amazon ECS
12 38 (1.53%) Amazon EKS
13 31 (1.25%) AWS Lambda
14 30 (1.21%) IaaS
15 26 (1.05%) Amazon SQS
16 25 (1.01%) AWS CloudFormation
17 24 (0.97%) Stackdriver
18 20 (0.81%) IBM Cloud
19 17 (0.69%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 17 (0.69%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 39 (1.57%) HTTP
2 17 (0.69%) AMQP
3 16 (0.64%) Internet
4 11 (0.44%) TCP/IP
5 7 (0.28%) SSL
6 3 (0.12%) Network Security
6 3 (0.12%) SMPP
7 2 (0.081%) Firewall
7 2 (0.081%) SMS
7 2 (0.081%) Software-Defined Networking
7 2 (0.081%) VPN
8 1 (0.040%) 5G
8 1 (0.040%) ATM
8 1 (0.040%) CDMA
8 1 (0.040%) DNS
8 1 (0.040%) FTP
8 1 (0.040%) GPON
8 1 (0.040%) GSM
8 1 (0.040%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.040%) UMTS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 363 (14.63%) PostgreSQL
2 282 (11.37%) MongoDB
3 275 (11.08%) NoSQL
4 237 (9.55%) MySQL
5 224 (9.03%) Relational Database
6 126 (5.08%) SQL Server
7 98 (3.95%) Big Data
8 78 (3.14%) Redis
9 72 (2.90%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 61 (2.46%) Hadoop
11 53 (2.14%) RDBMS
12 48 (1.93%) Hazelcast
13 44 (1.77%) Apache Cassandra
14 36 (1.45%) Oracle Database
15 32 (1.29%) Couchbase
16 30 (1.21%) Blockchain
17 21 (0.85%) Amazon RDS
18 15 (0.60%) DB2
18 15 (0.60%) HBase
19 10 (0.40%) GIS
Development Applications
1 534 (21.52%) Git (software)
2 450 (18.14%) Jenkins
3 411 (16.57%) Maven
4 303 (12.21%) JUnit
5 224 (9.03%) JIRA
6 154 (6.21%) Gradle
7 130 (5.24%) Mockito
8 106 (4.27%) Cucumber
9 82 (3.31%) Selenium
10 67 (2.70%) IntelliJ
11 66 (2.66%) SonarQube
12 62 (2.50%) Bitbucket
12 62 (2.50%) Subversion
13 51 (2.06%) Eclipse
14 37 (1.49%) GitLab
15 35 (1.41%) Ant
16 30 (1.21%) Artifactory
17 27 (1.09%) gulp
18 26 (1.05%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 26 (1.05%) Cypress.io
General
1 528 (21.28%) Finance
2 226 (9.11%) Banking
3 175 (7.05%) Public Sector
4 109 (4.39%) Retail
5 97 (3.91%) Games
6 62 (2.50%) Marketing
7 47 (1.89%) Front Office
8 46 (1.85%) Investment Banking
9 40 (1.61%) Electronics
10 39 (1.57%) Financial Institution
10 39 (1.57%) Telecoms
11 38 (1.53%) Back Office
12 37 (1.49%) Manufacturing
13 34 (1.37%) Law
14 23 (0.93%) Online Betting
15 21 (0.85%) Advertising
16 19 (0.77%) Billing
17 17 (0.69%) Private Banking
18 12 (0.48%) Legal
19 9 (0.36%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,729 (69.69%) Developer
2 1,310 (52.80%) Java Developer
3 490 (19.75%) Senior Developer
4 357 (14.39%) Senior Java Developer
5 342 (13.78%) Java Engineer
6 305 (12.29%) Software Engineer
7 212 (8.54%) Full Stack Developer
8 161 (6.49%) Java Software Engineer
9 158 (6.37%) Lead Developer
10 123 (4.96%) Lead Java Developer
11 103 (4.15%) Senior Software Engineer
12 95 (3.83%) Software Developer
13 92 (3.71%) Angular Developer
14 89 (3.59%) Senior Java Engineer
15 77 (3.10%) Architect
16 76 (3.06%) Backend Developer
17 59 (2.38%) React Developer
18 51 (2.06%) Junior
19 50 (2.02%) JavaScript Developer
20 49 (1.98%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,140 (45.95%) Spring Boot
2 562 (22.65%) AngularJS
3 558 (22.49%) Hibernate
4 457 (18.42%) REST
5 410 (16.53%) HTML
6 403 (16.24%) RESTful
7 401 (16.16%) Kafka
8 386 (15.56%) Web Services
9 365 (14.71%) CSS
10 362 (14.59%) React
11 340 (13.70%) Node.js
12 176 (7.09%) J2EE
13 164 (6.61%) HTML5
14 162 (6.53%) SOAP
15 156 (6.29%) JPA
16 150 (6.05%) RabbitMQ
17 148 (5.97%) JSON
18 138 (5.56%) XML
19 135 (5.44%) .NET
20 134 (5.40%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 164 (6.61%) Greenfield Project
2 121 (4.88%) Analytical Skills
3 116 (4.68%) User Experience
4 88 (3.55%) Enterprise Software
5 84 (3.39%) Mobile App
6 82 (3.31%) Algorithms
7 80 (3.22%) Data Structures
8 75 (3.02%) Cloud Native
8 75 (3.02%) Self-Motivation
9 54 (2.18%) NHS
10 33 (1.33%) Online Games
11 28 (1.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 27 (1.09%) iPad
12 27 (1.09%) N-Tier
13 25 (1.01%) Media Streaming
13 25 (1.01%) Public Cloud
14 24 (0.97%) Blog
14 24 (0.97%) Social Network
15 22 (0.89%) Bitcoin
15 22 (0.89%) Over-the-Top Content
Operating Systems
1 253 (10.20%) Linux
2 77 (3.10%) Unix
3 47 (1.89%) Windows
4 38 (1.53%) Android
5 28 (1.13%) Apple iOS
6 26 (1.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 12 (0.48%) CentOS
7 12 (0.48%) Ubuntu
8 8 (0.32%) Windows Server
9 6 (0.24%) Solaris
10 3 (0.12%) Debian
11 2 (0.081%) Fedora
11 2 (0.081%) Mac OS
11 2 (0.081%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,395 (56.23%) Agile Software Development
2 1,078 (43.45%) Microservices
3 726 (29.26%) TDD
4 619 (24.95%) Software Engineering
5 586 (23.62%) DevOps
6 492 (19.83%) Scrum
7 382 (15.40%) BDD
8 337 (13.58%) Continuous Integration
9 291 (11.73%) Fintech
10 258 (10.40%) Test Automation
11 224 (9.03%) MVC
12 219 (8.83%) OO
13 218 (8.79%) Mentoring
14 173 (6.97%) Problem-Solving
15 165 (6.65%) Multithreading
16 162 (6.53%) SDLC
17 161 (6.49%) Unit Testing
18 145 (5.84%) Computer Science
19 135 (5.44%) Kanban
20 130 (5.24%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 2,304 (92.87%) Java
2 772 (31.12%) JavaScript
3 652 (26.28%) SQL
4 601 (24.22%) Java 8
5 277 (11.16%) Python
6 249 (10.04%) TypeScript
7 200 (8.06%) Kotlin
8 175 (7.05%) C#
9 164 (6.61%) Scala
10 57 (2.30%) PHP
11 56 (2.26%) Groovy
12 52 (2.10%) Shell Script
13 42 (1.69%) PL/SQL
14 40 (1.61%) Bash Shell
15 39 (1.57%) C
16 37 (1.49%) Go
17 31 (1.25%) Ruby
18 30 (1.21%) ES6
19 25 (1.01%) XPath
20 23 (0.93%) C++
Qualifications
1 207 (8.34%) Security Cleared
2 190 (7.66%) SC Cleared
3 171 (6.89%) Degree
4 60 (2.42%) Computer Science Degree
5 25 (1.01%) DV Cleared
6 20 (0.81%) Master's Degree
7 16 (0.64%) SANS
8 12 (0.48%) HND
9 10 (0.40%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 9 (0.36%) MCSD
10 9 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
11 5 (0.20%) HNC
11 5 (0.20%) PhD
12 4 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
12 4 (0.16%) OCP
12 4 (0.16%) Oracle Certification
13 3 (0.12%) DBS Check
14 2 (0.081%) AWS Certification
14 2 (0.081%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 110 (4.43%) QA
2 26 (1.05%) WCAG
3 12 (0.48%) SLA
4 7 (0.28%) GDPR
4 7 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.12%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.081%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.081%) MiFID
6 2 (0.081%) NCSC
7 1 (0.040%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.040%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 781 (31.48%) Docker
2 14 (0.56%) VMware Infrastructure
3 10 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
4 9 (0.36%) Postfix
5 8 (0.32%) Hyper-V
6 6 (0.24%) HDFS
6 6 (0.24%) vSphere
7 4 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 1 (0.040%) KVM
Systems Management
1 599 (24.14%) Kubernetes
2 120 (4.84%) Ansible
3 115 (4.64%) Terraform
4 54 (2.18%) Puppet
5 36 (1.45%) Grafana
6 35 (1.41%) Opscode Chef
7 16 (0.64%) Prometheus
8 15 (0.60%) Kibana
9 12 (0.48%) Docker Swarm
10 7 (0.28%) Rancher
11 6 (0.24%) ITRS Geneos
12 4 (0.16%) Hadoop YARN
12 4 (0.16%) Nagios
13 3 (0.12%) Control-M
13 3 (0.12%) logstash
13 3 (0.12%) vRealize
13 3 (0.12%) Zipkin
14 2 (0.081%) CloudHub
14 2 (0.081%) HAProxy
14 2 (0.081%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 248 (10.00%) Oracle
2 168 (6.77%) Google
3 91 (3.67%) Microsoft
4 68 (2.74%) IBM
5 60 (2.42%) Red Hat
6 54 (2.18%) Splunk
7 48 (1.93%) SAP
8 37 (1.49%) ServiceNow
9 30 (1.21%) Solace
10 29 (1.17%) MuleSoft
11 28 (1.13%) Adobe
12 25 (1.01%) Atlassian
13 19 (0.77%) Guidewire
14 14 (0.56%) VMware
15 13 (0.52%) AppDynamics
15 13 (0.52%) TIBCO
15 13 (0.52%) WSO2
16 12 (0.48%) Apple
16 12 (0.48%) Databricks
16 12 (0.48%) Salesforce.com