Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 94 94 91
Rank change year-on-year 0 -3 -12
Permanent jobs citing Spring 4,310 2,170 4,176
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.37% 3.43% 3.32%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 8.76% 8.08% 8.67%
Number of salaries quoted 2,315 1,862 3,431
10th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £36,250
25th Percentile £51,250 £47,500 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +12.00% +4.17% +4.35%
75th Percentile £90,000 £77,500 £78,750
90th Percentile £102,500 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 49,181 26,871 48,148
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.40% 42.46% 38.26%
Number of salaries quoted 30,350 23,073 39,856
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £81,250 £73,750 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £54,100 £50,000 £45,591
% change year-on-year +8.20% +9.67% +1.31%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Salary trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -6 3,674 £70,000 +7.69% 566
London +4 2,152 £82,500 +11.49% 322
UK excluding London -25 1,786 £57,500 +4.55% 306
Work from Home -19 931 £75,000 +30.43% 142
North of England +23 533 £57,500 +16.75% 77
South East -66 393 £70,000 +12.00% 46
North West +59 338 £57,500 +9.52% 45
South West -25 234 £50,000 -3.85% 38
Scotland -5 219 £55,000 - 57
Midlands -30 214 £55,000 +10.00% 50
West Midlands -22 155 £60,000 +9.09% 39
Yorkshire -31 149 £60,000 +26.32% 19
Wales -4 89 £52,225 +16.06% 4
East of England -84 76 £57,500 -7.63% 26
East Midlands -49 59 £52,500 +10.53% 11
North East -22 47 £50,000 +11.11% 13
Northern Ireland -17 29 £57,500 +85.48% 8

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 4,160 (96.52%) Java
2 2,579 (59.84%) Agile Software Development
3 2,360 (54.76%) Spring Boot
4 2,135 (49.54%) Microservices
5 1,629 (37.80%) Docker
6 1,623 (37.66%) AWS
7 1,511 (35.06%) Software Engineering
8 1,411 (32.74%) Kubernetes
9 1,353 (31.39%) CI/CD
10 1,335 (30.97%) TDD
11 1,294 (30.02%) JavaScript
12 1,235 (28.65%) DevOps
13 1,144 (26.54%) SQL
14 1,076 (24.97%) Git (software)
15 1,071 (24.85%) React
16 1,058 (24.55%) Jenkins
17 1,041 (24.15%) REST
18 1,014 (23.53%) Kafka
19 1,002 (23.25%) Finance
20 998 (23.16%) AngularJS
21 974 (22.60%) Azure
22 966 (22.41%) Scrum
23 864 (20.05%) Continuous Integration
24 824 (19.12%) Social Skills
25 799 (18.54%) Java 8
26 756 (17.54%) Problem-Solving
27 748 (17.35%) Hibernate
28 730 (16.94%) Node.js
29 723 (16.77%) NoSQL
30 714 (16.57%) Full Stack Development

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 275 (6.38%) Elasticsearch
2 212 (4.92%) Apache
3 176 (4.08%) Confluence
4 162 (3.76%) Apache Spark
5 158 (3.67%) Tomcat
6 90 (2.09%) nginx
7 80 (1.86%) Apache Solr
8 79 (1.83%) JBoss
9 68 (1.58%) GemFire
10 67 (1.55%) Cloud Foundry
11 63 (1.46%) CMS
12 61 (1.42%) Mule
13 41 (0.95%) Anypoint
14 40 (0.93%) Mule ESB
15 32 (0.74%) IIS
16 30 (0.70%) WebLogic
17 29 (0.67%) WebSphere
18 20 (0.46%) OpenStack
19 19 (0.44%) Camunda
20 18 (0.42%) Jetty
Applications
1 20 (0.46%) InVision
1 20 (0.46%) Sketch
2 13 (0.30%) Chatbot
3 7 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.046%) Adobe Illustrator
4 2 (0.046%) Adobe XD
4 2 (0.046%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.023%) InDesign
5 1 (0.023%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.023%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 21 (0.49%) Oracle BPM
2 16 (0.37%) Payment Gateway
3 6 (0.14%) Magento
4 4 (0.093%) Distributed Ledger
5 3 (0.070%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 3 (0.070%) R3 Corda
5 3 (0.070%) SAP Hybris
5 3 (0.070%) Visualfiles
6 2 (0.046%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.023%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.023%) Oracle EBS R12
7 1 (0.023%) Shopify
7 1 (0.023%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 1,623 (37.66%) AWS
2 974 (22.60%) Azure
3 643 (14.92%) GCP
4 416 (9.65%) Serverless
5 340 (7.89%) GitHub
6 329 (7.63%) OpenShift
7 212 (4.92%) Cloud Computing
8 194 (4.50%) AWS Lambda
9 146 (3.39%) SaaS
10 113 (2.62%) Amazon EC2
11 105 (2.44%) npm
12 78 (1.81%) PaaS
13 74 (1.72%) Amazon Kinesis
14 67 (1.55%) Amazon ECS
15 59 (1.37%) Datadog
16 58 (1.35%) Amazon S3
17 56 (1.30%) Amazon EKS
18 45 (1.04%) Apigee
19 42 (0.97%) Amazon SQS
20 36 (0.84%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 135 (3.13%) HTTP
2 44 (1.02%) Internet
3 32 (0.74%) Broadband
4 22 (0.51%) Firewall
5 17 (0.39%) SSL
6 16 (0.37%) AMQP
6 16 (0.37%) Calico
7 14 (0.32%) TCP/IP
8 11 (0.26%) WPA
9 10 (0.23%) SMS
10 8 (0.19%) Reverse Proxy
11 7 (0.16%) Intranet
12 6 (0.14%) RIP
13 5 (0.12%) 5G
14 4 (0.093%) DNS
14 4 (0.093%) Unified Communications
14 4 (0.093%) VoIP
15 3 (0.070%) BIG-IP
15 3 (0.070%) NetScaler
15 3 (0.070%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 723 (16.77%) NoSQL
2 677 (15.71%) PostgreSQL
3 627 (14.55%) Relational Database
4 507 (11.76%) MySQL
5 459 (10.65%) MongoDB
6 333 (7.73%) Redis
7 275 (6.38%) Big Data
8 211 (4.90%) SQL Server
9 195 (4.52%) Apache Cassandra
10 194 (4.50%) RDBMS
11 138 (3.20%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 118 (2.74%) Hadoop
13 97 (2.25%) Blockchain
14 87 (2.02%) HBase
15 84 (1.95%) MariaDB
16 76 (1.76%) Hazelcast
17 60 (1.39%) Amazon Aurora
18 48 (1.11%) Couchbase
19 47 (1.09%) Amazon RDS
20 46 (1.07%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1,076 (24.97%) Git (software)
2 1,058 (24.55%) Jenkins
3 596 (13.83%) Maven
4 543 (12.60%) JUnit
5 299 (6.94%) JIRA
6 294 (6.82%) Gradle
7 260 (6.03%) Mockito
8 241 (5.59%) Cucumber
9 226 (5.24%) GitLab
10 165 (3.83%) Selenium
11 135 (3.13%) Subversion
12 126 (2.92%) Eclipse
13 125 (2.90%) IntelliJ
14 118 (2.74%) Sonatype Nexus
15 108 (2.51%) Protractor
16 94 (2.18%) SonarQube
17 92 (2.13%) Bitbucket
18 91 (2.11%) Cypress.io
19 85 (1.97%) Artifactory
20 83 (1.93%) Storybook
General
1 1,002 (23.25%) Finance
2 824 (19.12%) Social Skills
3 383 (8.89%) Banking
4 287 (6.66%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 282 (6.54%) Analytical Skills
6 249 (5.78%) Public Sector
7 200 (4.64%) Retail
8 189 (4.39%) Games
9 164 (3.81%) Law
10 92 (2.13%) Marketing
11 79 (1.83%) Financial Institution
12 73 (1.69%) Telecoms
13 63 (1.46%) Manufacturing
14 60 (1.39%) Advertising
15 59 (1.37%) Investment Banking
16 55 (1.28%) Presentation Skills
17 48 (1.11%) Publishing
18 43 (1.00%) Front Office
19 40 (0.93%) Legal
20 37 (0.86%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 2,568 (59.58%) Developer
2 1,916 (44.45%) Java Developer
3 853 (19.79%) Software Engineer
4 800 (18.56%) Senior Developer
5 667 (15.48%) Senior Java Developer
6 634 (14.71%) Java Engineer
7 375 (8.70%) Java Software Engineer
8 271 (6.29%) Senior Software Engineer
9 227 (5.27%) Senior Java Engineer
9 227 (5.27%) Software Developer
10 202 (4.69%) Architect
11 185 (4.29%) Lead Developer
12 179 (4.15%) Full Stack Developer
13 135 (3.13%) Senior Java Software Engineer
14 131 (3.04%) Technical Leader
15 114 (2.65%) Backend Developer
16 106 (2.46%) Lead Java Developer
17 95 (2.20%) Analyst
18 87 (2.02%) Technical Architect
19 86 (2.00%) Principal Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,360 (54.76%) Spring Boot
2 1,071 (24.85%) React
3 1,041 (24.15%) REST
4 1,014 (23.53%) Kafka
5 998 (23.16%) AngularJS
6 748 (17.35%) Hibernate
7 730 (16.94%) Node.js
8 704 (16.33%) RESTful
9 658 (15.27%) CSS
10 626 (14.52%) HTML
11 544 (12.62%) Web Services
12 348 (8.07%) RabbitMQ
13 335 (7.77%) JSON
14 332 (7.70%) XML
15 319 (7.40%) HTML5
16 292 (6.77%) Java EE
17 262 (6.08%) Spring MVC
18 261 (6.06%) J2EE
19 258 (5.99%) GraphQL
20 253 (5.87%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 287 (6.66%) Greenfield Project
2 269 (6.24%) User Experience
3 226 (5.24%) Self-Motivation
4 189 (4.39%) Enterprise Software
5 178 (4.13%) Cloud Native
6 170 (3.94%) Virtual Team
7 159 (3.69%) Algorithms
8 147 (3.41%) Data Structures
9 129 (2.99%) Public Cloud
10 121 (2.81%) Mobile App
11 97 (2.25%) Linux Command Line
11 97 (2.25%) Management Information System
11 97 (2.25%) Social Media
12 45 (1.04%) Social Network
13 44 (1.02%) iPad
14 32 (0.74%) Legacy Code
14 32 (0.74%) NHS
15 31 (0.72%) Data Centre
15 31 (0.72%) Online Games
16 30 (0.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 668 (15.50%) Linux
2 360 (8.35%) Unix
3 96 (2.23%) Windows
4 75 (1.74%) Android
5 67 (1.55%) Apple iOS
6 16 (0.37%) Windows Server
7 14 (0.32%) Mac OS
8 13 (0.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 10 (0.23%) Mac OS X
9 10 (0.23%) Ubuntu
10 7 (0.16%) CentOS
11 5 (0.12%) VMS
12 3 (0.070%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 2 (0.046%) Debian
14 1 (0.023%) Alpine Linux
14 1 (0.023%) Amazon Linux
14 1 (0.023%) CoreOS
14 1 (0.023%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,579 (59.84%) Agile Software Development
2 2,135 (49.54%) Microservices
3 1,511 (35.06%) Software Engineering
4 1,353 (31.39%) CI/CD
5 1,335 (30.97%) TDD
6 1,235 (28.65%) DevOps
7 966 (22.41%) Scrum
8 864 (20.05%) Continuous Integration
9 756 (17.54%) Problem-Solving
10 714 (16.57%) Full Stack Development
11 660 (15.31%) BDD
12 610 (14.15%) Computer Science
13 606 (14.06%) Test Automation
14 548 (12.71%) Mentoring
15 512 (11.88%) Open Source
16 495 (11.48%) OO
17 394 (9.14%) Continuous Delivery
18 381 (8.84%) Fintech
19 367 (8.52%) SDLC
20 363 (8.42%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 4,160 (96.52%) Java
2 1,294 (30.02%) JavaScript
3 1,144 (26.54%) SQL
4 799 (18.54%) Java 8
5 568 (13.18%) Python
6 407 (9.44%) TypeScript
7 350 (8.12%) Java 11
8 325 (7.54%) Kotlin
9 307 (7.12%) C#
10 194 (4.50%) Shell Script
11 163 (3.78%) Groovy
12 159 (3.69%) Go
13 148 (3.43%) C++
14 142 (3.29%) Scala
15 122 (2.83%) ES6
16 97 (2.25%) C
17 92 (2.13%) Bash
18 89 (2.06%) Perl
19 65 (1.51%) PHP
20 62 (1.44%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 707 (16.40%) Degree
2 277 (6.43%) Computer Science Degree
3 270 (6.26%) Security Cleared
4 231 (5.36%) SC Cleared
5 74 (1.72%) Oracle Certification
6 70 (1.62%) OCP
7 55 (1.28%) Master's Degree
8 34 (0.79%) DBS Check
9 25 (0.58%) DV Cleared
9 25 (0.58%) HND
10 20 (0.46%) PMI Certification
11 16 (0.37%) AWS Certification
11 16 (0.37%) SANS
12 15 (0.35%) HNC
13 12 (0.28%) SAFe Agilist
14 11 (0.26%) Numerate Degree
15 10 (0.23%) BPSS Clearance
16 5 (0.12%) ISTQB
16 5 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
17 4 (0.093%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 354 (8.21%) QA
2 28 (0.65%) Accessibility
3 17 (0.39%) SLA
4 16 (0.37%) MiFID
4 16 (0.37%) WCAG
5 14 (0.32%) EMIR
5 14 (0.32%) ISO 13485
6 13 (0.30%) IEC 62304
7 8 (0.19%) PCI DSS
8 6 (0.14%) GDPR
9 5 (0.12%) NCSC
9 5 (0.12%) SNOMED CT
10 2 (0.046%) COREP
10 2 (0.046%) ISO 9001
10 2 (0.046%) PMO
11 1 (0.023%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 1 (0.023%) ISO 8583
11 1 (0.023%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 1 (0.023%) PSD2
System Software
1 1,629 (37.80%) Docker
2 62 (1.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 61 (1.42%) VMware Infrastructure
4 58 (1.35%) HDFS
5 26 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
6 16 (0.37%) Postfix
7 14 (0.32%) KVM
8 5 (0.12%) Hyper-V
9 4 (0.093%) Firmware
9 4 (0.093%) ISA Server
9 4 (0.093%) vSphere
10 2 (0.046%) GridGain
11 1 (0.023%) Varnish
11 1 (0.023%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 1,411 (32.74%) Kubernetes
2 509 (11.81%) Terraform
3 419 (9.72%) Ansible
4 100 (2.32%) Prometheus
5 95 (2.20%) Opscode Chef
6 75 (1.74%) Kibana
7 69 (1.60%) Grafana
8 65 (1.51%) Puppet
9 54 (1.25%) Istio
10 38 (0.88%) logstash
11 34 (0.79%) Consul
12 30 (0.70%) Single Sign-On
13 28 (0.65%) Hadoop YARN
14 24 (0.56%) Docker Swarm
14 24 (0.56%) Packer
15 13 (0.30%) linkerd
16 11 (0.26%) Mesos
17 4 (0.093%) Kubeflow
18 3 (0.070%) Cisco UCCE
18 3 (0.070%) Rancher
Vendors
1 549 (12.74%) Oracle
2 206 (4.78%) Google
3 198 (4.59%) Microsoft
4 116 (2.69%) Red Hat
5 85 (1.97%) VMware
6 71 (1.65%) MuleSoft
7 60 (1.39%) Atlassian
7 60 (1.39%) Okta
8 52 (1.21%) LexisNexis
9 51 (1.18%) IBM
10 48 (1.11%) Twitter
11 46 (1.07%) SAP
12 36 (0.84%) Splunk
13 23 (0.53%) Adobe
14 22 (0.51%) Bloomberg
14 22 (0.51%) Sybase
15 21 (0.49%) Confluent
15 21 (0.49%) Solace
16 20 (0.46%) Guidewire
17 19 (0.44%) TIBCO