Period
to 10 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 10 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 75 81 96
Rank change year-on-year +6 +15 -12
Permanent jobs citing Spring 6,134 6,495 5,594
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.83% 3.64% 3.03%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.69% 9.07% 7.73%
Number of salaries quoted 5,047 5,059 4,832
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £35,000
90th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £49,500 £49,500
% change year-on-year +1.01% - +10.00%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 63,325 71,585 72,403
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.55% 40.10% 39.16%
Number of salaries quoted 52,111 59,621 62,684
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Spring.

Salary trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 5,655 £57,500 +4.55% 993
UK excluding London +14 3,400 £50,000 +1.01% 603
London 0 2,629 £67,500 +8.00% 477
South East +17 1,037 £55,000 +8.91% 162
North of England +6 762 £47,500 -5.00% 162
Midlands +60 570 £45,000 -5.26% 97
North West -15 395 £52,500 +5.00% 83
South West -10 374 £50,000 +5.26% 60
East of England -14 322 £55,000 +10.00% 35
Yorkshire +33 321 £45,000 -10.00% 66
East Midlands +78 285 £41,500 -15.74% 41
West Midlands +33 283 £45,000 -2.70% 55
Scotland -14 264 £50,000 +4.17% 57
Wales +32 98 £42,500 - 26
North East +5 48 £45,000 +12.50% 13
Northern Ireland -4 37 £34,000 -12.82% 5

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, IT jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 5,804 (94.62%) Java
2 3,778 (61.59%) Agile Software Development
3 2,067 (33.70%) JavaScript
4 1,966 (32.05%) SQL
5 1,953 (31.84%) Hibernate
6 1,868 (30.45%) TDD
7 1,861 (30.34%) Java 8
8 1,859 (30.31%) Microservices
9 1,802 (29.38%) Spring Boot
10 1,645 (26.82%) HTML
11 1,514 (24.68%) Software Engineering
12 1,384 (22.56%) Finance
13 1,380 (22.50%) Web Services
14 1,337 (21.80%) CSS
15 1,300 (21.19%) AngularJS
16 1,253 (20.43%) Maven
17 1,227 (20.00%) Scrum
18 1,226 (19.99%) Docker
19 1,205 (19.64%) Amazon AWS
20 1,202 (19.60%) Git (software)
21 1,197 (19.51%) REST
22 1,183 (19.29%) MVC
23 1,088 (17.74%) DevOps
24 1,083 (17.66%) Jenkins
25 1,032 (16.82%) Linux
26 1,021 (16.64%) Oracle
26 1,021 (16.64%) RESTful
27 915 (14.92%) Continuous Integration
28 902 (14.70%) JUnit
29 847 (13.81%) Degree

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 471 (7.68%) Tomcat
2 455 (7.42%) Apache
3 355 (5.79%) Elasticsearch
4 290 (4.73%) JBoss
5 211 (3.44%) Confluence
6 207 (3.37%) WebSphere
7 184 (3.00%) WebLogic
8 139 (2.27%) Cloud Foundry
9 130 (2.12%) Apache Spark
10 98 (1.60%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 93 (1.52%) CMS
12 92 (1.50%) Apache Solr
13 55 (0.90%) Mule
14 49 (0.80%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 47 (0.77%) WildFly
15 47 (0.77%) WordPress
16 41 (0.67%) Anypoint
17 39 (0.64%) Jetty
18 29 (0.47%) OpenStack
19 27 (0.44%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 11 (0.18%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 10 (0.16%) Weka
3 8 (0.13%) Chatbot
4 5 (0.082%) Microsoft Office
5 4 (0.065%) Adobe Illustrator
5 4 (0.065%) Photoshop
6 3 (0.049%) EngageOne
7 2 (0.033%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 2 (0.033%) InDesign
7 2 (0.033%) Snapchat
8 1 (0.016%) HipChat
8 1 (0.016%) InVision
8 1 (0.016%) Maple
8 1 (0.016%) S-PLUS
8 1 (0.016%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 44 (0.72%) Payment Gateway
2 42 (0.68%) SAP Hybris
3 20 (0.33%) Magento
4 16 (0.26%) SDL Web 8
5 10 (0.16%) SAP ERP
6 6 (0.098%) Distributed Ledger
6 6 (0.098%) Dynamics AX
6 6 (0.098%) R3 Corda
7 5 (0.082%) Changepoint
7 5 (0.082%) Dynamics CRM
8 4 (0.065%) Ripple
9 3 (0.049%) Adobe Campaign
9 3 (0.049%) Dynamics NAV
9 3 (0.049%) Eloqua
9 3 (0.049%) Oracle Applications
9 3 (0.049%) Staffware
10 2 (0.033%) ION MarketView
10 2 (0.033%) Oracle BPM
10 2 (0.033%) Unica
11 1 (0.016%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 1,205 (19.64%) Amazon AWS
2 381 (6.21%) Microsoft Azure
3 208 (3.39%) Google Cloud Platform
4 201 (3.28%) OpenShift
5 187 (3.05%) GitHub
6 150 (2.45%) PaaS
7 138 (2.25%) SaaS
8 111 (1.81%) Cloud Computing
9 109 (1.78%) Serverless
10 94 (1.53%) IBM Cloud
11 72 (1.17%) Amazon EC2
12 64 (1.04%) IaaS
13 46 (0.75%) Amazon S3
14 39 (0.64%) AWS CloudFormation
15 38 (0.62%) npm
16 34 (0.55%) AWS Lambda
17 27 (0.44%) Slack
18 24 (0.39%) Amazon ElastiCache
19 22 (0.36%) Apigee
20 21 (0.34%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 183 (2.98%) HTTP
2 131 (2.14%) Internet
3 56 (0.91%) TCP/IP
4 36 (0.59%) SSL
5 32 (0.52%) Modbus
5 32 (0.52%) RS-485
6 25 (0.41%) Firewall
7 23 (0.37%) AMQP
8 22 (0.36%) DNS
9 21 (0.34%) FTP
10 17 (0.28%) SMS
11 14 (0.23%) HTTPS
12 8 (0.13%) DHCP
13 7 (0.11%) Unified Communications
14 6 (0.098%) ATM
14 6 (0.098%) Intranet
14 6 (0.098%) VoIP
15 4 (0.065%) SNMP
15 4 (0.065%) WebEx
16 3 (0.049%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 729 (11.88%) NoSQL
2 727 (11.85%) MySQL
3 620 (10.11%) Relational Database
4 595 (9.70%) MongoDB
5 545 (8.88%) PostgreSQL
6 471 (7.68%) SQL Server
7 359 (5.85%) Big Data
8 313 (5.10%) RDBMS
9 303 (4.94%) Apache Cassandra
10 255 (4.16%) Hadoop
11 115 (1.87%) Redis
12 83 (1.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 83 (1.35%) Blockchain
13 80 (1.30%) Oracle Database
14 70 (1.14%) Amazon RDS
15 66 (1.08%) Apache Hive
16 55 (0.90%) Neo4j
17 51 (0.83%) HBase
18 49 (0.80%) Hazelcast
19 45 (0.73%) DB2
Development Applications
1 1,253 (20.43%) Maven
2 1,202 (19.60%) Git (software)
3 1,083 (17.66%) Jenkins
4 902 (14.70%) JUnit
5 523 (8.53%) Gradle
6 457 (7.45%) JIRA
7 370 (6.03%) Subversion
8 330 (5.38%) Cucumber
9 289 (4.71%) Eclipse
10 261 (4.25%) Selenium
11 243 (3.96%) Mockito
12 176 (2.87%) Bitbucket
13 169 (2.76%) Ant
14 154 (2.51%) IntelliJ
15 121 (1.97%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 112 (1.83%) Visual Studio
17 107 (1.74%) Sonatype Nexus
18 96 (1.57%) EasyMock
19 85 (1.39%) SonarQube
19 85 (1.39%) TeamCity
General
1 1,384 (22.56%) Finance
2 557 (9.08%) Banking
3 315 (5.14%) Retail
4 235 (3.83%) Marketing
5 195 (3.18%) Games
6 183 (2.98%) Advertising
7 170 (2.77%) Investment Banking
8 133 (2.17%) Manufacturing
9 127 (2.07%) Telecoms
10 120 (1.96%) Financial Institution
11 95 (1.55%) Electronics
12 89 (1.45%) Front Office
13 75 (1.22%) Law
14 58 (0.95%) Back Office
15 55 (0.90%) Automotive
16 44 (0.72%) Publishing
17 26 (0.42%) Retail Banking
18 25 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
19 17 (0.28%) Billing
20 12 (0.20%) Legal
Job Titles
1 4,517 (73.64%) Developer
2 3,866 (63.03%) Java Developer
3 1,133 (18.47%) Senior Developer
4 1,014 (16.53%) Senior Java Developer
5 668 (10.89%) Software Engineer
6 579 (9.44%) Java Engineer
7 355 (5.79%) Java Software Engineer
8 331 (5.40%) Architect
9 316 (5.15%) Software Developer
10 281 (4.58%) Lead Developer
11 230 (3.75%) Lead Java Developer
12 199 (3.24%) Full Stack Developer
13 193 (3.15%) Java Software Developer
14 166 (2.71%) AWS Developer
15 161 (2.62%) Senior Software Engineer
16 150 (2.45%) Agile Developer
16 150 (2.45%) Senior Java Engineer
17 146 (2.38%) Agile Java Developer
18 120 (1.96%) Java Developer - Fintech
18 120 (1.96%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,953 (31.84%) Hibernate
2 1,802 (29.38%) Spring Boot
3 1,645 (26.82%) HTML
4 1,380 (22.50%) Web Services
5 1,337 (21.80%) CSS
6 1,300 (21.19%) AngularJS
7 1,197 (19.51%) REST
8 1,021 (16.64%) RESTful
9 786 (12.81%) J2EE
10 700 (11.41%) Java EE
11 689 (11.23%) HTML5
12 674 (10.99%) Spring MVC
13 669 (10.91%) React
14 655 (10.68%) XML
15 651 (10.61%) Node.js
16 611 (9.96%) SOAP
17 466 (7.60%) jQuery
18 461 (7.52%) JSON
19 392 (6.39%) JPA
20 374 (6.10%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 606 (9.88%) Greenfield Project
2 504 (8.22%) Fintech
3 321 (5.23%) Enterprise Software
4 261 (4.25%) Analytical Skills
5 204 (3.33%) User Experience
6 168 (2.74%) Self-Motivation
7 137 (2.23%) Mobile App
8 129 (2.10%) Algorithms
9 118 (1.92%) Cloud Native
10 99 (1.61%) Data Structures
11 82 (1.34%) Derivative
12 64 (1.04%) Hybrid Cloud
12 64 (1.04%) Wiki
13 56 (0.91%) Virtual Team
14 55 (0.90%) Public Cloud
15 42 (0.68%) Fixed Income
15 42 (0.68%) Hedge funds
16 39 (0.64%) Cyberthreat
17 38 (0.62%) Blog
18 34 (0.55%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 1,032 (16.82%) Linux
2 265 (4.32%) Unix
3 213 (3.47%) Windows
4 183 (2.98%) Android
5 138 (2.25%) Apple iOS
6 73 (1.19%) CentOS
7 70 (1.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 43 (0.70%) Ubuntu
9 32 (0.52%) FreeRTOS
10 19 (0.31%) openSUSE
11 18 (0.29%) Mac OS
12 17 (0.28%) Windows Server
13 16 (0.26%) Solaris
14 13 (0.21%) Windows Phone
15 7 (0.11%) DC/OS
15 7 (0.11%) Mesosphere
16 5 (0.082%) CoreOS
17 3 (0.049%) Debian
17 3 (0.049%) MVS
18 2 (0.033%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,778 (61.59%) Agile Software Development
2 1,868 (30.45%) TDD
3 1,859 (30.31%) Microservices
4 1,514 (24.68%) Software Engineering
5 1,227 (20.00%) Scrum
6 1,183 (19.29%) MVC
7 1,088 (17.74%) DevOps
8 915 (14.92%) Continuous Integration
9 810 (13.21%) OO
10 760 (12.39%) BDD
11 610 (9.94%) Problem-Solving
12 591 (9.63%) Web Development
13 588 (9.59%) Open Source
14 561 (9.15%) Test Automation
15 536 (8.74%) Computer Science
16 527 (8.59%) SDLC
17 433 (7.06%) Mentoring
18 431 (7.03%) Unit Testing
19 428 (6.98%) SOA
20 410 (6.68%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 5,804 (94.62%) Java
2 2,067 (33.70%) JavaScript
3 1,966 (32.05%) SQL
4 1,861 (30.34%) Java 8
5 676 (11.02%) Python
6 478 (7.79%) C#
7 392 (6.39%) Scala
8 338 (5.51%) PHP
9 322 (5.25%) C++
10 233 (3.80%) PL/SQL
11 184 (3.00%) Groovy
12 174 (2.84%) TypeScript
13 156 (2.54%) C
14 139 (2.27%) Ruby
15 129 (2.10%) T-SQL
16 121 (1.97%) Kotlin
17 112 (1.83%) Java 9
18 107 (1.74%) Go
19 92 (1.50%) Shell Script
20 73 (1.19%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 847 (13.81%) Degree
2 332 (5.41%) Computer Science Degree
3 204 (3.33%) Security Cleared
4 115 (1.87%) SC Cleared
5 66 (1.08%) DV Cleared
6 58 (0.95%) Master's Degree
7 28 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
8 15 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
9 13 (0.21%) BPSS Clearance
9 13 (0.21%) DBS Check
10 11 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
11 10 (0.16%) ISEB
11 10 (0.16%) ISTQB
12 9 (0.15%) Oracle Certification
13 8 (0.13%) OCPJP
13 8 (0.13%) PhD
14 7 (0.11%) Cisco Certification
14 7 (0.11%) OCP
15 6 (0.098%) CCNA
15 6 (0.098%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 315 (5.14%) QA
2 45 (0.73%) GDPR
3 18 (0.29%) PSD2
4 13 (0.21%) PMO
5 8 (0.13%) Data Quality
5 8 (0.13%) PCI DSS
5 8 (0.13%) SLA
6 6 (0.098%) IFRS
7 5 (0.082%) ISO 9001
7 5 (0.082%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 4 (0.065%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.065%) MiFID
9 3 (0.049%) DICOM
10 2 (0.033%) ISO 20022
10 2 (0.033%) Web Application Security Consortium
11 1 (0.016%) EMIR
11 1 (0.016%) HL7
11 1 (0.016%) ISO 8583
11 1 (0.016%) SEPA
11 1 (0.016%) WAI
System Software
1 1,226 (19.99%) Docker
2 56 (0.91%) Firmware
3 45 (0.73%) HDFS
4 36 (0.59%) VMware Infrastructure
5 30 (0.49%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 23 (0.37%) GridGain
7 14 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
8 13 (0.21%) Oracle RAC
9 11 (0.18%) Active Directory
10 10 (0.16%) Hyper-V
11 6 (0.098%) vSphere
12 5 (0.082%) etcd
12 5 (0.082%) VirtualBox
13 3 (0.049%) Virtual Servers
14 2 (0.033%) Apache Flume
15 1 (0.016%) Shibboleth
15 1 (0.016%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 497 (8.10%) Kubernetes
2 306 (4.99%) Ansible
3 231 (3.77%) Puppet
4 144 (2.35%) Terraform
5 124 (2.02%) Opscode Chef
6 54 (0.88%) Docker Swarm
7 44 (0.72%) Kibana
8 36 (0.59%) Salt
9 28 (0.46%) logstash
10 27 (0.44%) Prometheus
11 18 (0.29%) Rancher
12 14 (0.23%) Hadoop YARN
12 14 (0.23%) Packer
13 13 (0.21%) CloudHub
14 10 (0.16%) Nagios
15 9 (0.15%) Grafana
16 7 (0.11%) Control-M
16 7 (0.11%) HP Quality Center
16 7 (0.11%) Marathon
17 6 (0.098%) Consul
Vendors
1 1,021 (16.64%) Oracle
2 303 (4.94%) Microsoft
3 230 (3.75%) Google
4 206 (3.36%) Red Hat
5 182 (2.97%) IBM
5 182 (2.97%) SAP
6 103 (1.68%) Splunk
7 101 (1.65%) Sybase
8 66 (1.08%) hybris
9 63 (1.03%) MuleSoft
10 61 (0.99%) AppDynamics
11 59 (0.96%) VMware
12 55 (0.90%) Adobe
13 50 (0.82%) Salesforce.com
14 49 (0.80%) Atlassian
14 49 (0.80%) WorldPay
15 38 (0.62%) Cognizant
16 30 (0.49%) TIBCO
17 29 (0.47%) Solace
18 27 (0.44%) New Relic