Period
to 7 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 7 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
7 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 89 77 85
Rank change year-on-year -12 +8 0
Permanent jobs citing Spring 3,820 5,607 6,425
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.31% 3.76% 3.60%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 8.42% 9.57% 8.86%
Number of salaries quoted 3,424 4,946 5,480
Median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%
10th Percentile £38,750 £33,750 £35,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £82,875 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +2.56%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 45,365 58,560 72,551
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.34% 39.25% 40.68%
Number of salaries quoted 37,312 47,994 61,338
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £79,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £43,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +3.45% +2.35%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Salary trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 7 April 2020.

Salary histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 7 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -12 3,513 £62,500 +4.17% 462
London +10 1,905 £75,000 +7.14% 219
UK excluding London -34 1,871 £52,500 +5.00% 269
South East -40 610 £60,000 - 72
North of England -27 415 £52,500 +10.53% 64
Work from Home -22 277 £65,000 +8.33% 37
South West -4 224 £50,000 - 33
Midlands -64 220 £50,000 +17.65% 42
Yorkshire -14 203 £50,000 +11.11% 24
North West -32 201 £55,000 - 27
Scotland +6 160 £50,000 - 13
East of England +11 153 £57,500 -4.17% 30
West Midlands -38 113 £50,000 +17.65% 26
East Midlands -53 107 £50,000 +20.48% 16
Wales -1 79 £44,379 +21.59% 9
Northern Ireland +20 32 £47,750 +33.57% 6
North East -29 11 £45,000 -5.26% 13

For the 6 months to 7 April 2020, IT jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 3,563 (93.27%) Java
2 2,176 (56.96%) Agile Software Development
3 1,605 (42.02%) Spring Boot
4 1,404 (36.75%) Microservices
5 1,181 (30.92%) TDD
6 1,141 (29.87%) JavaScript
7 1,076 (28.17%) Java 8
8 1,025 (26.83%) SQL
9 1,020 (26.70%) Software Engineering
10 1,012 (26.49%) Docker
11 954 (24.97%) AWS
12 945 (24.74%) Hibernate
13 819 (21.44%) AngularJS
14 795 (20.81%) Finance
15 783 (20.50%) DevOps
16 781 (20.45%) RESTful
17 742 (19.42%) Git (software)
18 724 (18.95%) Web Services
19 703 (18.40%) Maven
20 699 (18.30%) Scrum
21 678 (17.75%) React
22 669 (17.51%) Jenkins
23 650 (17.02%) Kubernetes
24 587 (15.37%) HTML
24 587 (15.37%) Oracle
25 586 (15.34%) REST
26 561 (14.69%) BDD
27 555 (14.53%) CSS
28 545 (14.27%) Continuous Integration
29 502 (13.14%) MVC

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 295 (7.72%) Tomcat
2 176 (4.61%) Apache
3 144 (3.77%) Elasticsearch
4 111 (2.91%) Confluence
5 109 (2.85%) Apache Spark
6 106 (2.77%) JBoss
7 104 (2.72%) WebSphere
8 58 (1.52%) Cloud Foundry
9 54 (1.41%) CMS
9 54 (1.41%) WebLogic
10 52 (1.36%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 25 (0.65%) Apache Solr
11 25 (0.65%) IIS
11 25 (0.65%) Mule
12 23 (0.60%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 21 (0.55%) Oracle Workflow
14 20 (0.52%) OpenStack
15 19 (0.50%) EPiServer
16 18 (0.47%) Jetty
16 18 (0.47%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 6 (0.16%) Chatbot
1 6 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
2 3 (0.079%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.052%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.052%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.026%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 16 (0.42%) SAP Hybris
2 15 (0.39%) Payment Gateway
3 10 (0.26%) Adobe Campaign
4 7 (0.18%) Magento
5 5 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.052%) GoldMine
6 2 (0.052%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.026%) BusinessWorks
7 1 (0.026%) Ripple
Cloud Services
1 954 (24.97%) AWS
2 292 (7.64%) Azure
3 166 (4.35%) GCP
4 152 (3.98%) SaaS
5 142 (3.72%) OpenShift
6 110 (2.88%) Amazon EC2
7 105 (2.75%) Serverless
8 104 (2.72%) GitHub
9 102 (2.67%) Amazon S3
10 84 (2.20%) Amazon SQS
11 63 (1.65%) AWS Lambda
12 60 (1.57%) PaaS
13 24 (0.63%) AWS CloudFormation
14 22 (0.58%) Amazon ECS
15 21 (0.55%) Slack
16 20 (0.52%) IaaS
17 19 (0.50%) Cloud Computing
18 18 (0.47%) Boomi
19 16 (0.42%) IBM Cloud
20 13 (0.34%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 83 (2.17%) Internet
2 75 (1.96%) HTTP
3 19 (0.50%) TCP/IP
4 12 (0.31%) Firewall
5 11 (0.29%) SSL
6 10 (0.26%) DNS
6 10 (0.26%) FTP
7 7 (0.18%) DHCP
8 6 (0.16%) HTTPS
9 5 (0.13%) AMQP
9 5 (0.13%) DSL
9 5 (0.13%) SMTP
10 4 (0.10%) Intranet
10 4 (0.10%) Reverse Proxy
11 3 (0.079%) Broadband
12 2 (0.052%) CDMA
12 2 (0.052%) GSM
12 2 (0.052%) Kerberos
12 2 (0.052%) OpenLDAP
12 2 (0.052%) UMTS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 393 (10.29%) NoSQL
2 367 (9.61%) Relational Database
3 345 (9.03%) SQL Server
4 328 (8.59%) PostgreSQL
5 282 (7.38%) MySQL
6 214 (5.60%) MongoDB
7 155 (4.06%) Big Data
8 145 (3.80%) RDBMS
9 98 (2.57%) Apache Cassandra
10 97 (2.54%) Amazon RDS
11 93 (2.43%) Hadoop
12 80 (2.09%) Redis
13 69 (1.81%) Oracle Database
14 41 (1.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 35 (0.92%) SQL Server 2012
16 32 (0.84%) DB2
17 31 (0.81%) Blockchain
18 26 (0.68%) MariaDB
19 19 (0.50%) Amazon Aurora
20 17 (0.45%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 742 (19.42%) Git (software)
2 703 (18.40%) Maven
3 669 (17.51%) Jenkins
4 475 (12.43%) JUnit
5 310 (8.12%) JIRA
6 194 (5.08%) Gradle
7 192 (5.03%) Cucumber
8 186 (4.87%) Selenium
9 145 (3.80%) Subversion
10 133 (3.48%) Mockito
11 97 (2.54%) Eclipse
12 87 (2.28%) SonarQube
13 82 (2.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 72 (1.88%) Ant
15 69 (1.81%) Bitbucket
16 46 (1.20%) Visual Studio
17 42 (1.10%) DbUnit
18 41 (1.07%) GitLab
18 41 (1.07%) Sonatype Nexus
19 39 (1.02%) IntelliJ
General
1 795 (20.81%) Finance
2 363 (9.50%) Banking
3 151 (3.95%) Retail
4 135 (3.53%) Games
5 132 (3.46%) Public Sector
6 85 (2.23%) Marketing
7 80 (2.09%) Front Office
8 73 (1.91%) Financial Institution
9 65 (1.70%) Back Office
10 45 (1.18%) Telecoms
11 42 (1.10%) Investment Banking
12 29 (0.76%) Advertising
13 24 (0.63%) Law
14 19 (0.50%) Manufacturing
15 15 (0.39%) Electronics
16 10 (0.26%) Automotive
17 9 (0.24%) Retail Banking
18 7 (0.18%) Aerospace
18 7 (0.18%) Online Betting
18 7 (0.18%) Police
Job Titles
1 2,749 (71.96%) Developer
2 2,287 (59.87%) Java Developer
3 863 (22.59%) Senior Developer
4 772 (20.21%) Senior Java Developer
5 511 (13.38%) Software Engineer
6 461 (12.07%) Java Engineer
7 340 (8.90%) Java Software Engineer
8 229 (5.99%) Senior Software Engineer
9 214 (5.60%) Software Developer
10 200 (5.24%) Senior Java Engineer
11 179 (4.69%) Lead Developer
12 165 (4.32%) Full Stack Developer
13 159 (4.16%) Lead Java Developer
14 148 (3.87%) Senior Java Software Engineer
15 138 (3.61%) Junior
16 129 (3.38%) AWS Developer
17 116 (3.04%) Junior Developer
18 114 (2.98%) Architect
19 101 (2.64%) Java Software Developer
20 92 (2.41%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,605 (42.02%) Spring Boot
2 945 (24.74%) Hibernate
3 819 (21.44%) AngularJS
4 781 (20.45%) RESTful
5 724 (18.95%) Web Services
6 678 (17.75%) React
7 587 (15.37%) HTML
8 586 (15.34%) REST
9 555 (14.53%) CSS
10 458 (11.99%) Node.js
11 310 (8.12%) Kafka
12 290 (7.59%) XML
13 268 (7.02%) J2EE
14 267 (6.99%) .NET
15 255 (6.68%) JPA
16 245 (6.41%) HTML5
17 240 (6.28%) SOAP
18 211 (5.52%) Java EE
19 203 (5.31%) jQuery
20 181 (4.74%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 348 (9.11%) Greenfield Project
2 147 (3.85%) Analytical Skills
3 116 (3.04%) Enterprise Software
4 108 (2.83%) User Experience
5 88 (2.30%) Mobile App
6 81 (2.12%) Cloud Native
7 76 (1.99%) Self-Motivation
8 60 (1.57%) iPad
9 55 (1.44%) Public Cloud
10 52 (1.36%) Data Structures
11 43 (1.13%) Fixed Income
12 35 (0.92%) Algorithms
12 35 (0.92%) Derivative
13 31 (0.81%) Online Games
14 28 (0.73%) N-Tier
15 26 (0.68%) Equities
15 26 (0.68%) Hybrid Cloud
16 22 (0.58%) Client/Server
17 18 (0.47%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 17 (0.45%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 445 (11.65%) Linux
2 162 (4.24%) Unix
3 136 (3.56%) Android
4 127 (3.32%) Apple iOS
5 112 (2.93%) Windows
6 59 (1.54%) CentOS
7 56 (1.47%) Mac OS X
8 21 (0.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 21 (0.55%) Windows Server
9 13 (0.34%) Windows Server 2016
10 11 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
11 9 (0.24%) Ubuntu
12 5 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
13 4 (0.10%) Embedded Linux
14 3 (0.079%) Windows Server 2003
15 2 (0.052%) Amazon Linux
15 2 (0.052%) Solaris
15 2 (0.052%) SUSE
15 2 (0.052%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 1 (0.026%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,176 (56.96%) Agile Software Development
2 1,404 (36.75%) Microservices
3 1,181 (30.92%) TDD
4 1,020 (26.70%) Software Engineering
5 783 (20.50%) DevOps
6 699 (18.30%) Scrum
7 561 (14.69%) BDD
8 545 (14.27%) Continuous Integration
9 502 (13.14%) MVC
10 421 (11.02%) Fintech
11 408 (10.68%) Test Automation
12 381 (9.97%) OO
13 331 (8.66%) Problem-Solving
14 305 (7.98%) Mentoring
15 290 (7.59%) Continuous Delivery
16 273 (7.15%) Computer Science
17 260 (6.81%) Kanban
18 258 (6.75%) Multithreading
19 257 (6.73%) Pair Programming
20 232 (6.07%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 3,563 (93.27%) Java
2 1,141 (29.87%) JavaScript
3 1,076 (28.17%) Java 8
4 1,025 (26.83%) SQL
5 338 (8.85%) C#
6 332 (8.69%) Python
7 200 (5.24%) TypeScript
8 174 (4.55%) Kotlin
9 150 (3.93%) Scala
10 138 (3.61%) Ruby
11 118 (3.09%) PHP
12 67 (1.75%) C++
13 66 (1.73%) C
14 61 (1.60%) PL/SQL
15 59 (1.54%) T-SQL
16 50 (1.31%) Groovy
17 48 (1.26%) Go
18 41 (1.07%) Java 9
19 39 (1.02%) Apple Swift
20 33 (0.86%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 332 (8.69%) Degree
2 162 (4.24%) Security Cleared
3 154 (4.03%) Computer Science Degree
4 76 (1.99%) SC Cleared
5 50 (1.31%) DV Cleared
6 34 (0.89%) Numerate Degree
7 20 (0.52%) Microsoft Certification
8 14 (0.37%) Master's Degree
9 12 (0.31%) PhD
10 11 (0.29%) Sun Certification
11 9 (0.24%) Oracle Certification
12 8 (0.21%) CISSP
13 6 (0.16%) AWS Certification
13 6 (0.16%) CCNA
13 6 (0.16%) Cisco Certification
13 6 (0.16%) GIAC
13 6 (0.16%) Linux+ Certification
13 6 (0.16%) MCSE
13 6 (0.16%) Network+ Certification
13 6 (0.16%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 149 (3.90%) QA
2 13 (0.34%) SLA
3 9 (0.24%) PMO
4 8 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 7 (0.18%) ISO 15022
5 7 (0.18%) ISO 20022
6 6 (0.16%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 6 (0.16%) PCI DSS
7 4 (0.10%) ISO 9001
7 4 (0.10%) SEPA
8 2 (0.052%) PSD2
8 2 (0.052%) WAI
9 1 (0.026%) Data Quality
9 1 (0.026%) GDPR
9 1 (0.026%) WCAG
System Software
1 1,012 (26.49%) Docker
2 19 (0.50%) VMware Infrastructure
3 17 (0.45%) Postfix
4 15 (0.39%) vSphere
5 13 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 10 (0.26%) Active Directory
7 5 (0.13%) NFS
8 4 (0.10%) OpenAM
8 4 (0.10%) OpenDJ
8 4 (0.10%) OpenIDM
8 4 (0.10%) vCloud
9 3 (0.079%) ISA Server
9 3 (0.079%) KVM
10 2 (0.052%) OpenSSH
10 2 (0.052%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.052%) Samba
10 2 (0.052%) Virtual Machines
11 1 (0.026%) Cronacle
11 1 (0.026%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 650 (17.02%) Kubernetes
2 169 (4.42%) Terraform
3 144 (3.77%) Ansible
4 45 (1.18%) Puppet
5 44 (1.15%) Opscode Chef
6 40 (1.05%) Mesos
7 39 (1.02%) Marathon
8 38 (0.99%) Kibana
9 26 (0.68%) Istio
10 17 (0.45%) Grafana
10 17 (0.45%) logstash
11 13 (0.34%) Prometheus
12 12 (0.31%) Rancher
13 10 (0.26%) Docker Swarm
14 9 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
15 8 (0.21%) Knative
16 7 (0.18%) Salt
17 6 (0.16%) HP Quality Center
18 5 (0.13%) Control-M
18 5 (0.13%) Packer
Vendors
1 587 (15.37%) Oracle
2 149 (3.90%) Google
3 105 (2.75%) Microsoft
4 87 (2.28%) Atlassian
5 77 (2.02%) IBM
6 66 (1.73%) WorldPay
7 64 (1.68%) FIS
8 61 (1.60%) Red Hat
9 57 (1.49%) SAP
10 56 (1.47%) Adobe
11 52 (1.36%) Splunk
12 47 (1.23%) MuleSoft
13 44 (1.15%) Salesforce.com
14 35 (0.92%) TIBCO
15 27 (0.71%) Zend
16 23 (0.60%) Sybase
16 23 (0.60%) VMware
17 22 (0.58%) AppDynamics
17 22 (0.58%) hybris
18 19 (0.50%) Dell