Period
to 14 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 14 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
14 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 102 92 78
Rank change year-on-year -10 -14 +6
Permanent jobs citing Spring 2,856 3,202 5,379
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.16% 3.29% 3.72%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.86% 8.33% 9.67%
Number of salaries quoted 2,144 2,623 4,412
10th Percentile £40,000 £37,600 £33,500
25th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £78,750 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £91,000 £85,450
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 36,341 38,441 55,652
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.15% 39.47% 38.53%
Number of salaries quoted 27,845 31,872 45,868
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £91,250 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Salary trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 14 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -12 2,529 £64,000 +2.40% 513
UK excluding London -10 1,405 £52,500 - 340
London 0 1,333 £75,000 +3.45% 230
Work from Home +3 630 £62,500 -3.85% 138
South East -26 345 £57,500 -4.17% 88
North of England -24 299 £50,000 -4.76% 79
South West +18 274 £52,500 +5.00% 43
Scotland +10 181 £50,000 - 36
Midlands -14 180 £50,000 +8.70% 51
West Midlands +22 123 £55,000 +20.88% 39
North West -23 112 £52,500 -4.55% 43
North East +59 95 £50,000 +11.11% 9
Yorkshire -60 92 £47,500 -5.00% 27
East of England -12 82 £62,000 +15.35% 22
East Midlands -28 57 £47,500 - 12
Wales -21 28 £45,000 +3.79% 15
Northern Ireland -5 22 £40,000 -27.27% 6

For the 6 months to 14 May 2021, IT jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 2,663 (93.24%) Java
2 1,724 (60.36%) Agile Software Development
3 1,280 (44.82%) Microservices
3 1,280 (44.82%) Spring Boot
4 946 (33.12%) Docker
5 938 (32.84%) JavaScript
6 935 (32.74%) AWS
7 887 (31.06%) TDD
8 849 (29.73%) Software Engineering
9 788 (27.59%) SQL
10 751 (26.30%) Git (software)
11 737 (25.81%) Kubernetes
12 732 (25.63%) DevOps
13 705 (24.68%) Hibernate
14 669 (23.42%) Finance
15 665 (23.28%) Jenkins
16 650 (22.76%) Java 8
17 619 (21.67%) AngularJS
18 582 (20.38%) Scrum
19 575 (20.13%) REST
20 537 (18.80%) RESTful
21 530 (18.56%) Maven
22 515 (18.03%) React
23 506 (17.72%) Kafka
24 495 (17.33%) Web Services
25 479 (16.77%) HTML
26 474 (16.60%) Azure
27 454 (15.90%) Social Skills
28 452 (15.83%) CSS
29 445 (15.58%) PostgreSQL

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 194 (6.79%) Tomcat
2 169 (5.92%) Elasticsearch
3 139 (4.87%) Apache
4 121 (4.24%) Apache Spark
5 96 (3.36%) Confluence
6 57 (2.00%) JBoss
7 52 (1.82%) GemFire
8 44 (1.54%) nginx
9 42 (1.47%) WebSphere
10 29 (1.02%) Cloud Foundry
11 28 (0.98%) Apache Solr
12 21 (0.74%) Red Hat Fuse
13 18 (0.63%) CMS
13 18 (0.63%) Mule
13 18 (0.63%) WebLogic
14 17 (0.60%) Apache TomEE
15 16 (0.56%) Mule ESB
15 16 (0.56%) OpenStack
15 16 (0.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 14 (0.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 27 (0.95%) InVision
1 27 (0.95%) Sketch
2 12 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
3 4 (0.14%) Adobe XD
3 4 (0.14%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 10 (0.35%) Oracle BPM
1 10 (0.35%) R3 Corda
2 5 (0.18%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 4 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
4 3 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
4 3 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.070%) SAP CRM
5 2 (0.070%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.035%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.035%) Magento
6 1 (0.035%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.035%) SunGard Martini
6 1 (0.035%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 935 (32.74%) AWS
2 474 (16.60%) Azure
3 283 (9.91%) GCP
4 216 (7.56%) SaaS
5 160 (5.60%) GitHub
6 102 (3.57%) OpenShift
7 98 (3.43%) Serverless
8 86 (3.01%) Amazon EC2
9 77 (2.70%) PaaS
10 55 (1.93%) Amazon Kinesis
11 54 (1.89%) AWS Lambda
12 50 (1.75%) Cloud Computing
13 43 (1.51%) Amazon ECS
13 43 (1.51%) Amazon SQS
14 36 (1.26%) AWS CloudFormation
14 36 (1.26%) IaaS
15 34 (1.19%) Amazon EKS
16 32 (1.12%) npm
17 30 (1.05%) Amazon S3
18 16 (0.56%) Amazon ElastiCache
Communications & Networking
1 64 (2.24%) HTTP
2 34 (1.19%) AMQP
3 25 (0.88%) Internet
4 10 (0.35%) SSL
5 8 (0.28%) Calico
5 8 (0.28%) Firewall
6 7 (0.25%) SNMP
6 7 (0.25%) TCP/IP
7 5 (0.18%) Reverse Proxy
7 5 (0.18%) SSH
8 4 (0.14%) Intelligent Network
8 4 (0.14%) SMS
9 3 (0.11%) Broadband
10 2 (0.070%) FTP
10 2 (0.070%) HTTPS
10 2 (0.070%) VPN
11 1 (0.035%) BIG-IP
11 1 (0.035%) DNS
11 1 (0.035%) Network Security
11 1 (0.035%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 445 (15.58%) PostgreSQL
2 336 (11.76%) NoSQL
3 335 (11.73%) Relational Database
4 306 (10.71%) MongoDB
5 284 (9.94%) MySQL
6 128 (4.48%) SQL Server
7 126 (4.41%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 126 (4.41%) Redis
8 123 (4.31%) Big Data
9 83 (2.91%) RDBMS
10 79 (2.77%) Hadoop
11 60 (2.10%) MariaDB
12 57 (2.00%) HBase
13 52 (1.82%) Apache Cassandra
14 43 (1.51%) Hazelcast
15 38 (1.33%) Oracle Database
16 32 (1.12%) Couchbase
17 27 (0.95%) DB2
18 24 (0.84%) Amazon RDS
19 21 (0.74%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 751 (26.30%) Git (software)
2 665 (23.28%) Jenkins
3 530 (18.56%) Maven
4 397 (13.90%) JUnit
5 253 (8.86%) JIRA
6 214 (7.49%) Gradle
7 197 (6.90%) Cucumber
8 189 (6.62%) Mockito
9 121 (4.24%) Selenium
10 111 (3.89%) IntelliJ
11 109 (3.82%) SonarQube
12 102 (3.57%) Subversion
13 98 (3.43%) Eclipse
14 80 (2.80%) Cypress.io
15 77 (2.70%) GitLab
16 69 (2.42%) Protractor
17 63 (2.21%) Bitbucket
18 61 (2.14%) Sonatype Nexus
19 53 (1.86%) Artifactory
20 45 (1.58%) Storybook
General
1 669 (23.42%) Finance
2 454 (15.90%) Social Skills
3 303 (10.61%) Banking
4 148 (5.18%) Public Sector
5 139 (4.87%) Analytical Skills
5 139 (4.87%) Retail
6 124 (4.34%) Games
7 113 (3.96%) Law
8 73 (2.56%) Marketing
9 60 (2.10%) Back Office
10 56 (1.96%) Financial Institution
11 50 (1.75%) Investment Banking
12 48 (1.68%) Front Office
13 45 (1.58%) Presentation Skills
14 42 (1.47%) Electronics
14 42 (1.47%) Telecoms
15 29 (1.02%) Manufacturing
16 27 (0.95%) Advertising
17 24 (0.84%) Documentation Skills
18 22 (0.77%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,886 (66.04%) Developer
2 1,446 (50.63%) Java Developer
3 532 (18.63%) Senior Developer
4 460 (16.11%) Software Engineer
5 412 (14.43%) Java Engineer
6 411 (14.39%) Senior Java Developer
7 227 (7.95%) Java Software Engineer
8 216 (7.56%) Full Stack Developer
9 174 (6.09%) Lead Developer
10 143 (5.01%) Senior Software Engineer
11 129 (4.52%) Lead Java Developer
11 129 (4.52%) Senior Java Engineer
12 115 (4.03%) Software Developer
13 99 (3.47%) Angular Developer
14 86 (3.01%) Backend Developer
15 78 (2.73%) React Developer
16 73 (2.56%) Architect
17 65 (2.28%) Java Software Developer
18 64 (2.24%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 64 (2.24%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,280 (44.82%) Spring Boot
2 705 (24.68%) Hibernate
3 619 (21.67%) AngularJS
4 575 (20.13%) REST
5 537 (18.80%) RESTful
6 515 (18.03%) React
7 506 (17.72%) Kafka
8 495 (17.33%) Web Services
9 479 (16.77%) HTML
10 452 (15.83%) CSS
11 414 (14.50%) Node.js
12 212 (7.42%) HTML5
13 210 (7.35%) JSON
14 208 (7.28%) JPA
15 177 (6.20%) SOAP
16 172 (6.02%) RabbitMQ
17 159 (5.57%) J2EE
18 156 (5.46%) .NET
19 139 (4.87%) XML
20 130 (4.55%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 176 (6.16%) Greenfield Project
2 147 (5.15%) User Experience
3 121 (4.24%) Mobile App
4 118 (4.13%) Enterprise Software
5 115 (4.03%) Self-Motivation
6 103 (3.61%) Algorithms
7 101 (3.54%) Data Structures
8 65 (2.28%) Cloud Native
9 63 (2.21%) NHS
10 53 (1.86%) Linux Command Line
11 49 (1.72%) iPad
12 35 (1.23%) Derivative
12 35 (1.23%) Online Games
13 33 (1.16%) N-Tier
14 29 (1.02%) Virtual Team
15 26 (0.91%) Blog
16 24 (0.84%) Equities
17 23 (0.81%) Public Cloud
18 22 (0.77%) Private Cloud
19 19 (0.67%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 414 (14.50%) Linux
2 163 (5.71%) Unix
3 52 (1.82%) Android
4 42 (1.47%) Windows
5 39 (1.37%) Apple iOS
6 24 (0.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 18 (0.63%) Ubuntu
8 11 (0.39%) CentOS
9 6 (0.21%) Solaris
9 6 (0.21%) Windows Server
10 4 (0.14%) Mac OS X
11 2 (0.070%) Debian
11 2 (0.070%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,724 (60.36%) Agile Software Development
2 1,280 (44.82%) Microservices
3 887 (31.06%) TDD
4 849 (29.73%) Software Engineering
5 732 (25.63%) DevOps
6 582 (20.38%) Scrum
7 445 (15.58%) Continuous Integration
8 442 (15.48%) BDD
9 360 (12.61%) Fintech
10 328 (11.48%) Test Automation
11 323 (11.31%) OO
12 272 (9.52%) Mentoring
13 249 (8.72%) MVC
14 248 (8.68%) Problem-Solving
15 221 (7.74%) Computer Science
16 210 (7.35%) SDLC
17 200 (7.00%) Open Source
18 190 (6.65%) Multithreading
19 188 (6.58%) Continuous Delivery
20 174 (6.09%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 2,663 (93.24%) Java
2 938 (32.84%) JavaScript
3 788 (27.59%) SQL
4 650 (22.76%) Java 8
5 331 (11.59%) Python
6 320 (11.20%) TypeScript
7 246 (8.61%) Kotlin
8 211 (7.39%) C#
9 166 (5.81%) Scala
10 100 (3.50%) Groovy
11 74 (2.59%) Shell Script
12 65 (2.28%) ES6
13 64 (2.24%) PHP
14 58 (2.03%) C++
15 53 (1.86%) C
15 53 (1.86%) PL/SQL
16 52 (1.82%) Go
17 42 (1.47%) Bash Shell
18 33 (1.16%) ES7
19 27 (0.95%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 257 (9.00%) Degree
2 168 (5.88%) Security Cleared
3 156 (5.46%) SC Cleared
4 79 (2.77%) Computer Science Degree
5 48 (1.68%) OCP
5 48 (1.68%) Oracle Certification
6 27 (0.95%) SANS
7 22 (0.77%) Master's Degree
8 16 (0.56%) DV Cleared
8 16 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
9 14 (0.49%) MCSD
10 12 (0.42%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
11 11 (0.39%) AWS Certification
12 10 (0.35%) PhD
13 7 (0.25%) BPSS Clearance
13 7 (0.25%) HND
13 7 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
14 5 (0.18%) DBS Check
15 4 (0.14%) TOGAF Certification
16 2 (0.070%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 140 (4.90%) QA
2 36 (1.26%) SLA
2 36 (1.26%) WCAG
3 11 (0.39%) Data Quality
3 11 (0.39%) MiFID
4 9 (0.32%) EMIR
5 7 (0.25%) GDPR
5 7 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 7 (0.25%) PCI DSS
6 6 (0.21%) CDISC
6 6 (0.21%) Good Clinical Practice
7 5 (0.18%) ISO 20022
8 2 (0.070%) GRC
9 1 (0.035%) NCSC
System Software
1 946 (33.12%) Docker
2 46 (1.61%) VMware Infrastructure
3 38 (1.33%) HDFS
4 18 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
5 8 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 8 (0.28%) Postfix
6 6 (0.21%) Hyper-V
7 5 (0.18%) vSphere
8 4 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
9 3 (0.11%) Active Directory
9 3 (0.11%) OpenAM
9 3 (0.11%) OpenDJ
10 2 (0.070%) ISA Server
10 2 (0.070%) NDS
10 2 (0.070%) NetIQ eDirectory
11 1 (0.035%) KVM
Systems Management
1 737 (25.81%) Kubernetes
2 179 (6.27%) Ansible
3 115 (4.03%) Terraform
4 56 (1.96%) Opscode Chef
5 42 (1.47%) Puppet
6 25 (0.88%) Prometheus
7 24 (0.84%) Kibana
8 22 (0.77%) Grafana
9 11 (0.39%) Docker Swarm
10 6 (0.21%) HAProxy
11 5 (0.18%) HP Quality Center
11 5 (0.18%) Rancher
12 4 (0.14%) Istio
12 4 (0.14%) Salt
12 4 (0.14%) vRealize
13 3 (0.11%) Single Sign-On
14 2 (0.070%) CloudHub
14 2 (0.070%) Mesos
14 2 (0.070%) ZABBIX
14 2 (0.070%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 335 (11.73%) Oracle
2 155 (5.43%) Google
3 105 (3.68%) Microsoft
4 73 (2.56%) IBM
5 59 (2.07%) VMware
6 49 (1.72%) Red Hat
7 45 (1.58%) Okta
8 35 (1.23%) SAP
8 35 (1.23%) Splunk
9 29 (1.02%) Guidewire
10 26 (0.91%) Adobe
10 26 (0.91%) Atlassian
11 25 (0.88%) MuleSoft
12 22 (0.77%) Sybase
13 19 (0.67%) Solace
14 14 (0.49%) TIBCO
15 13 (0.46%) hybris
16 11 (0.39%) PayPal
17 10 (0.35%) AppDynamics
17 10 (0.35%) Facebook