Period
to 26 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 26 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
26 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 90 87 77
Rank change year-on-year -3 -10 +5
Permanent jobs citing Spring 1,861 4,512 6,217
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.39% 3.32% 3.86%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.75% 8.70% 9.69%
Number of salaries quoted 1,937 4,029 5,341
Median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £38,750 £35,000 £36,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £90,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +3.09%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 24,028 51,871 64,160
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.74% 38.20% 39.84%
Number of salaries quoted 20,649 42,841 53,018
Median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £92,000 £87,500 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Salary trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 26 November 2020.

Salary histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 26 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 1,710 £65,000 +8.33% 419
UK excluding London +8 1,010 £55,000 +10.00% 262
London +3 806 £72,500 - 212
Work from Home +3 353 £60,000 -14.29% 139
South East +14 343 £65,000 +18.18% 42
North of England -16 198 £47,500 -5.00% 94
South West +57 189 £51,593 +8.62% 31
Yorkshire -9 103 £47,500 - 50
Midlands -4 94 £47,500 +11.76% 26
Scotland +9 77 £53,250 +18.33% 46
North West -17 70 £53,125 -2.63% 34
East of England +26 60 £60,000 +4.35% 15
West Midlands +21 59 £48,500 +7.78% 19
East Midlands -11 35 £40,000 - 7
Wales -15 33 £45,000 +12.50% 4
North East +34 24 £41,500 -23.94% 10
Northern Ireland -2 17 £50,000 +17.65% 5

For the 6 months to 26 November 2020, IT jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,738 (93.39%) Java
2 986 (52.98%) Agile Software Development
3 832 (44.71%) Spring Boot
4 809 (43.47%) Microservices
5 617 (33.15%) JavaScript
6 554 (29.77%) TDD
7 529 (28.43%) AWS
8 498 (26.76%) Docker
9 491 (26.38%) SQL
10 467 (25.09%) Java 8
11 446 (23.97%) DevOps
12 423 (22.73%) AngularJS
13 419 (22.51%) Kubernetes
14 394 (21.17%) Software Engineering
15 380 (20.42%) REST
16 369 (19.83%) Hibernate
16 369 (19.83%) Git (software)
17 349 (18.75%) Scrum
18 346 (18.59%) Finance
19 324 (17.41%) RESTful
20 306 (16.44%) Jenkins
21 302 (16.23%) Continuous Integration
22 293 (15.74%) BDD
23 289 (15.53%) Maven
24 287 (15.42%) React
25 285 (15.31%) Web Services
26 284 (15.26%) Node.js
27 274 (14.72%) NoSQL
28 273 (14.67%) Kafka
28 273 (14.67%) JUnit

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 143 (7.68%) Tomcat
2 137 (7.36%) Elasticsearch
3 124 (6.66%) Apache
4 112 (6.02%) Apache Spark
5 66 (3.55%) Confluence
6 52 (2.79%) WebSphere
7 35 (1.88%) Cloud Foundry
8 32 (1.72%) WebLogic
9 31 (1.67%) JBoss
10 21 (1.13%) CMS
11 16 (0.86%) Red Hat Fuse
12 13 (0.70%) Mule
13 11 (0.59%) OpenStack
13 11 (0.59%) Tornado
14 9 (0.48%) Mule ESB
15 8 (0.43%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 8 (0.43%) SAS
16 7 (0.38%) GlassFish
16 7 (0.38%) IIS
17 6 (0.32%) Adobe Experience Manager
Business Applications
1 14 (0.75%) Oracle BPM
2 10 (0.54%) Payment Gateway
3 7 (0.38%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 4 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.21%) R3 Corda
5 3 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.11%) Maximo
6 2 (0.11%) Temenos T24
7 1 (0.054%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 529 (28.43%) AWS
2 247 (13.27%) Azure
3 183 (9.83%) GCP
4 125 (6.72%) GitHub
5 117 (6.29%) SaaS
6 62 (3.33%) Amazon EC2
7 56 (3.01%) Stackdriver
8 55 (2.96%) OpenShift
8 55 (2.96%) Serverless
9 54 (2.90%) PaaS
10 28 (1.50%) Amazon EKS
11 27 (1.45%) Cloud Computing
12 26 (1.40%) Amazon ECS
13 25 (1.34%) IBM Cloud
14 20 (1.07%) AWS Lambda
14 20 (1.07%) IaaS
15 19 (1.02%) npm
16 14 (0.75%) AWS CloudFormation
17 12 (0.64%) Amazon SQS
17 12 (0.64%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 28 (1.50%) HTTP
2 27 (1.45%) Internet
3 12 (0.64%) AMQP
4 8 (0.43%) SSH
4 8 (0.43%) TCP/IP
5 7 (0.38%) 5G
6 5 (0.27%) SSL
7 4 (0.21%) DNS
7 4 (0.21%) Firewall
7 4 (0.21%) Network Security
8 3 (0.16%) SMPP
9 2 (0.11%) HTTPS
9 2 (0.11%) Software-Defined Networking
10 1 (0.054%) ATM
10 1 (0.054%) CDMA
10 1 (0.054%) GPON
10 1 (0.054%) GSM
10 1 (0.054%) Intelligent Network
10 1 (0.054%) Kerberos
10 1 (0.054%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 274 (14.72%) NoSQL
2 260 (13.97%) PostgreSQL
3 179 (9.62%) MongoDB
4 150 (8.06%) Relational Database
5 141 (7.58%) MySQL
6 137 (7.36%) Big Data
7 118 (6.34%) SQL Server
8 73 (3.92%) Hadoop
9 55 (2.96%) Apache Cassandra
10 50 (2.69%) Redis
11 40 (2.15%) RDBMS
12 38 (2.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 26 (1.40%) Amazon RDS
14 25 (1.34%) Oracle Database
15 22 (1.18%) Hazelcast
16 21 (1.13%) Blockchain
17 19 (1.02%) Couchbase
18 16 (0.86%) HBase
19 14 (0.75%) Impala
20 13 (0.70%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 369 (19.83%) Git (software)
2 306 (16.44%) Jenkins
3 289 (15.53%) Maven
4 273 (14.67%) JUnit
5 161 (8.65%) JIRA
6 138 (7.42%) Mockito
7 110 (5.91%) Gradle
8 53 (2.85%) Eclipse
9 50 (2.69%) Cucumber
9 50 (2.69%) Subversion
10 44 (2.36%) SonarQube
11 41 (2.20%) IntelliJ
12 40 (2.15%) Bitbucket
13 39 (2.10%) Selenium
14 32 (1.72%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 31 (1.67%) jMock
16 28 (1.50%) DbUnit
17 25 (1.34%) Ant
18 23 (1.24%) GitLab
19 20 (1.07%) Protractor
General
1 346 (18.59%) Finance
2 164 (8.81%) Banking
3 157 (8.44%) Public Sector
4 65 (3.49%) Retail
5 50 (2.69%) Games
6 48 (2.58%) Investment Banking
7 35 (1.88%) Manufacturing
8 32 (1.72%) Telecoms
9 28 (1.50%) Front Office
10 26 (1.40%) Marketing
11 21 (1.13%) Advertising
12 16 (0.86%) Back Office
12 16 (0.86%) Electronics
12 16 (0.86%) Law
13 12 (0.64%) Financial Institution
14 11 (0.59%) Online Betting
14 11 (0.59%) Publishing
15 9 (0.48%) Legal
15 9 (0.48%) Private Banking
16 8 (0.43%) French Language
Job Titles
1 1,329 (71.41%) Developer
2 1,025 (55.08%) Java Developer
3 374 (20.10%) Senior Developer
4 276 (14.83%) Senior Java Developer
5 223 (11.98%) Java Engineer
6 161 (8.65%) Full Stack Developer
7 146 (7.85%) Software Engineer
8 129 (6.93%) Lead Developer
9 105 (5.64%) Lead Java Developer
10 95 (5.10%) Architect
10 95 (5.10%) Java Software Engineer
11 80 (4.30%) Software Developer
12 78 (4.19%) Senior Java Engineer
13 69 (3.71%) SC Cleared Java Developer
14 64 (3.44%) Senior Software Engineer
15 52 (2.79%) Senior Full Stack Developer
16 50 (2.69%) Angular Developer
16 50 (2.69%) Java Architect
17 43 (2.31%) Digital Developer
18 42 (2.26%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 832 (44.71%) Spring Boot
2 423 (22.73%) AngularJS
3 380 (20.42%) REST
4 369 (19.83%) Hibernate
5 324 (17.41%) RESTful
6 287 (15.42%) React
7 285 (15.31%) Web Services
8 284 (15.26%) Node.js
9 273 (14.67%) Kafka
10 248 (13.33%) HTML
11 234 (12.57%) CSS
12 164 (8.81%) J2EE
13 149 (8.01%) RabbitMQ
14 144 (7.74%) JMS
15 142 (7.63%) Apache Camel
16 138 (7.42%) SOAP
17 134 (7.20%) Java EE
18 118 (6.34%) Spring Integration
19 116 (6.23%) XML
20 94 (5.05%) Spring Cloud
Miscellaneous
1 89 (4.78%) Greenfield Project
2 82 (4.41%) Cloud Native
3 74 (3.98%) User Experience
4 67 (3.60%) Analytical Skills
5 53 (2.85%) Algorithms
6 45 (2.42%) Enterprise Software
7 42 (2.26%) Mobile App
8 41 (2.20%) Data Structures
9 38 (2.04%) NHS
10 37 (1.99%) Self-Motivation
11 35 (1.88%) Fixed Income
12 33 (1.77%) Market Risk
12 33 (1.77%) Public Cloud
13 26 (1.40%) Blog
14 21 (1.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 18 (0.97%) Private Cloud
15 18 (0.97%) Social Media
16 17 (0.91%) Credit Risk
17 14 (0.75%) Media Streaming
18 13 (0.70%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 153 (8.22%) Linux
2 53 (2.85%) Unix
3 40 (2.15%) Windows
4 35 (1.88%) Android
5 31 (1.67%) Apple iOS
6 14 (0.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 12 (0.64%) Ubuntu
8 11 (0.59%) CentOS
9 10 (0.54%) VMS
10 6 (0.32%) Windows Server
11 3 (0.16%) Solaris
12 2 (0.11%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.054%) Debian
13 1 (0.054%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 986 (52.98%) Agile Software Development
2 809 (43.47%) Microservices
3 554 (29.77%) TDD
4 446 (23.97%) DevOps
5 394 (21.17%) Software Engineering
6 349 (18.75%) Scrum
7 302 (16.23%) Continuous Integration
8 293 (15.74%) BDD
9 207 (11.12%) MVC
10 191 (10.26%) Test Automation
11 186 (9.99%) Fintech
12 146 (7.85%) Mentoring
12 146 (7.85%) OO
13 130 (6.99%) Open Source
14 128 (6.88%) Unit Testing
15 123 (6.61%) Multithreading
16 119 (6.39%) Computer Science
17 111 (5.96%) Kanban
17 111 (5.96%) Problem-Solving
18 109 (5.86%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,738 (93.39%) Java
2 617 (33.15%) JavaScript
3 491 (26.38%) SQL
4 467 (25.09%) Java 8
5 227 (12.20%) Python
6 143 (7.68%) TypeScript
7 127 (6.82%) Scala
8 102 (5.48%) Kotlin
9 86 (4.62%) C#
10 53 (2.85%) Shell Script
11 45 (2.42%) PHP
12 37 (1.99%) C
13 30 (1.61%) Bash Shell
14 26 (1.40%) Apple Swift
15 25 (1.34%) Ruby
16 24 (1.29%) XPath
17 20 (1.07%) C++
18 19 (1.02%) Go
19 17 (0.91%) Objective-C
19 17 (0.91%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 226 (12.14%) Security Cleared
2 204 (10.96%) SC Cleared
3 145 (7.79%) Degree
4 67 (3.60%) Computer Science Degree
5 42 (2.26%) DV Cleared
6 25 (1.34%) Master's Degree
7 9 (0.48%) HND
8 5 (0.27%) HNC
8 5 (0.27%) PhD
9 4 (0.21%) DBS Check
10 3 (0.16%) MCSD
10 3 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.11%) AWS Certification
12 1 (0.054%) CTC Cleared
12 1 (0.054%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 1 (0.054%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 82 (4.41%) QA
2 7 (0.38%) WCAG
3 2 (0.11%) GDPR
3 2 (0.11%) MiFID
3 2 (0.11%) NCSC
3 2 (0.11%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.054%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.054%) SLA
System Software
1 498 (26.76%) Docker
2 18 (0.97%) VMware Infrastructure
3 17 (0.91%) vSphere
4 11 (0.59%) Postfix
5 7 (0.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 7 (0.38%) HDFS
6 4 (0.21%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.054%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 419 (22.51%) Kubernetes
2 129 (6.93%) Terraform
3 102 (5.48%) Ansible
4 68 (3.65%) Grafana
5 41 (2.20%) Puppet
6 33 (1.77%) Opscode Chef
7 13 (0.70%) Prometheus
8 11 (0.59%) Kibana
9 10 (0.54%) logstash
10 9 (0.48%) NetIQ Identity Manager
11 7 (0.38%) ITRS Geneos
12 6 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
13 5 (0.27%) Hadoop YARN
14 4 (0.21%) Rancher
15 3 (0.16%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
15 3 (0.16%) Control-M
15 3 (0.16%) Nagios
15 3 (0.16%) vRealize
15 3 (0.16%) Zipkin
16 2 (0.11%) Istio
Vendors
1 155 (8.33%) Oracle
2 142 (7.63%) Google
3 84 (4.51%) Splunk
4 62 (3.33%) ServiceNow
5 53 (2.85%) IBM
6 52 (2.79%) Microsoft
7 51 (2.74%) Red Hat
8 40 (2.15%) SAP
9 27 (1.45%) Atlassian
10 24 (1.29%) Solace
11 19 (1.02%) MuleSoft
12 18 (0.97%) VMware
13 16 (0.86%) Databricks
14 14 (0.75%) Talend
15 11 (0.59%) TIBCO
15 11 (0.59%) WSO2
16 10 (0.54%) Adobe
16 10 (0.54%) NetIQ
16 10 (0.54%) Sybase
16 10 (0.54%) webMethods