Period
to 1 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 1 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 82 101 86
Rank change year-on-year +19 -15 -3
Permanent jobs citing Spring 4,345 2,128 5,011
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.85% 3.13% 3.50%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.40% 7.67% 9.32%
Number of salaries quoted 2,334 1,795 4,185
10th Percentile £41,250 £38,750 £33,500
25th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,796 £50,000
% change year-on-year +3.35% +1.59% -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 46,206 27,737 53,745
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.89% 40.80% 37.51%
Number of salaries quoted 30,515 23,129 44,727
10th Percentile £35,250 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,575 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.10% +5.72% -

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Salary trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Salary histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +18 3,709 £65,000 +4.00% 644
London +26 2,053 £77,500 +6.90% 327
UK excluding London +6 2,044 £52,500 +3.35% 373
Work from Home +6 816 £62,500 +8.70% 148
South East +11 642 £60,000 -4.00% 72
North of England -4 429 £50,000 - 119
Scotland +21 263 £50,000 - 41
South West -8 263 £52,500 +5.00% 36
Midlands -1 219 £50,000 +11.11% 46
North West +15 205 £54,000 -1.82% 76
West Midlands -12 143 £52,500 +16.67% 38
Yorkshire -55 134 £50,000 - 27
Wales +13 105 £45,000 +2.27% 16
North East +36 90 £50,000 +9.89% 16
East Midlands -7 75 £47,500 +18.75% 8
East of England -42 63 £60,000 +26.32% 36
Northern Ireland -4 62 £70,000 +40.00% 7

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, IT jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 4,122 (94.87%) Java
2 2,792 (64.26%) Agile Software Development
3 2,093 (48.17%) Microservices
4 1,898 (43.68%) Spring Boot
5 1,558 (35.86%) TDD
6 1,508 (34.71%) Docker
7 1,477 (33.99%) AWS
8 1,453 (33.44%) Software Engineering
9 1,352 (31.12%) SQL
10 1,264 (29.09%) Jenkins
11 1,253 (28.84%) DevOps
12 1,242 (28.58%) JavaScript
13 1,193 (27.46%) Git (software)
14 1,180 (27.16%) Finance
15 1,174 (27.02%) AngularJS
16 1,153 (26.54%) Kubernetes
17 1,145 (26.35%) Scrum
18 1,055 (24.28%) React
19 1,040 (23.94%) Hibernate
20 1,025 (23.59%) REST
21 964 (22.19%) Java 8
22 952 (21.91%) Kafka
23 885 (20.37%) BDD
24 884 (20.35%) Node.js
25 882 (20.30%) RESTful
26 876 (20.16%) Social Skills
27 848 (19.52%) Continuous Integration
28 821 (18.90%) Full Stack Development
29 814 (18.73%) Azure
30 756 (17.40%) Linux

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 356 (8.19%) Apache
2 347 (7.99%) Apache Spark
3 226 (5.20%) Tomcat
4 212 (4.88%) GemFire
5 211 (4.86%) Elasticsearch
6 130 (2.99%) Confluence
7 96 (2.21%) nginx
8 94 (2.16%) Cloud Foundry
9 52 (1.20%) JBoss
10 35 (0.81%) WebSphere
11 31 (0.71%) Apache Solr
12 28 (0.64%) IIS
13 26 (0.60%) Apache Pulsar
14 25 (0.58%) Apache TomEE
15 21 (0.48%) Mule
16 20 (0.46%) CMS
17 16 (0.37%) Red Hat Fuse
18 15 (0.35%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 13 (0.30%) WebLogic
20 12 (0.28%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 38 (0.87%) InVision
1 38 (0.87%) Sketch
2 10 (0.23%) Adobe Illustrator
2 10 (0.23%) Adobe XD
2 10 (0.23%) Photoshop
3 9 (0.21%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.046%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.046%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 15 (0.35%) Oracle BPM
2 11 (0.25%) R3 Corda
3 9 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
4 8 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
5 6 (0.14%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
6 5 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.069%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 3 (0.069%) Visualfiles
8 2 (0.046%) Magento
8 2 (0.046%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
8 2 (0.046%) SAP CRM
8 2 (0.046%) SAP S/4HANA
9 1 (0.023%) Dynamics CRM
9 1 (0.023%) Oracle EBS
9 1 (0.023%) SAP ERP
9 1 (0.023%) SunGard Martini
9 1 (0.023%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 1,477 (33.99%) AWS
2 814 (18.73%) Azure
3 520 (11.97%) GitHub
4 499 (11.48%) GCP
5 278 (6.40%) Serverless
6 237 (5.45%) SaaS
7 224 (5.16%) OpenShift
8 198 (4.56%) Amazon Kinesis
9 146 (3.36%) Amazon EC2
10 111 (2.55%) PaaS
11 86 (1.98%) AWS Lambda
12 79 (1.82%) Amazon S3
13 65 (1.50%) Cloud Computing
14 56 (1.29%) Amazon SQS
15 55 (1.27%) npm
16 48 (1.10%) Amazon EKS
17 45 (1.04%) IaaS
18 43 (0.99%) Amazon ECS
18 43 (0.99%) AWS CloudFormation
19 36 (0.83%) Twilio
Communications & Networking
1 159 (3.66%) HTTP
2 76 (1.75%) AMQP
3 53 (1.22%) Internet
4 32 (0.74%) Calico
5 30 (0.69%) SSL
6 18 (0.41%) SMS
7 11 (0.25%) Firewall
7 11 (0.25%) SSH
8 9 (0.21%) SMTP
9 7 (0.16%) Broadband
9 7 (0.16%) Reverse Proxy
9 7 (0.16%) SNMP
10 6 (0.14%) Intelligent Network
10 6 (0.14%) SWIFTNet
11 4 (0.092%) TCP/IP
12 2 (0.046%) 5G
12 2 (0.046%) DNS
12 2 (0.046%) Unified Communications
13 1 (0.023%) FTP
13 1 (0.023%) OpenLDAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 729 (16.78%) NoSQL
2 698 (16.06%) Relational Database
3 695 (16.00%) PostgreSQL
4 564 (12.98%) MongoDB
5 438 (10.08%) Big Data
6 394 (9.07%) MySQL
7 383 (8.81%) Redis
8 235 (5.41%) HBase
9 233 (5.36%) MariaDB
10 209 (4.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 168 (3.87%) SQL Server
12 153 (3.52%) Hadoop
13 151 (3.48%) RDBMS
14 139 (3.20%) Apache Cassandra
15 94 (2.16%) Oracle Database
16 84 (1.93%) Amazon RDS
17 68 (1.57%) Hazelcast
18 63 (1.45%) DB2
19 42 (0.97%) Blockchain
20 39 (0.90%) Apache Accumulo
Development Applications
1 1,264 (29.09%) Jenkins
2 1,193 (27.46%) Git (software)
3 701 (16.13%) Maven
4 643 (14.80%) JUnit
5 434 (9.99%) Gradle
6 381 (8.77%) Cucumber
7 380 (8.75%) Mockito
8 308 (7.09%) JIRA
9 273 (6.28%) IntelliJ
10 268 (6.17%) Eclipse
11 262 (6.03%) Protractor
12 240 (5.52%) Sonatype Nexus
13 229 (5.27%) Cypress.io
14 206 (4.74%) SonarQube
15 202 (4.65%) Storybook
16 167 (3.84%) Artifactory
17 161 (3.71%) Selenium
18 132 (3.04%) Subversion
19 120 (2.76%) GitLab
20 85 (1.96%) gulp
General
1 1,180 (27.16%) Finance
2 876 (20.16%) Social Skills
3 560 (12.89%) Banking
4 375 (8.63%) Law
5 327 (7.53%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 309 (7.11%) Public Sector
7 188 (4.33%) Analytical Skills
8 182 (4.19%) Retail
9 157 (3.61%) Games
10 96 (2.21%) Investment Banking
10 96 (2.21%) Telecoms
11 90 (2.07%) Back Office
12 88 (2.03%) Financial Institution
13 83 (1.91%) Front Office
14 81 (1.86%) Advertising
15 70 (1.61%) Presentation Skills
16 61 (1.40%) Documentation Skills
17 58 (1.33%) Marketing
18 57 (1.31%) Legal
19 43 (0.99%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 2,619 (60.28%) Developer
2 1,905 (43.84%) Java Developer
3 841 (19.36%) Software Engineer
4 710 (16.34%) Senior Developer
5 566 (13.03%) Java Engineer
6 509 (11.71%) Senior Java Developer
7 285 (6.56%) Java Software Engineer
8 254 (5.85%) Software Developer
9 248 (5.71%) Full Stack Developer
10 245 (5.64%) Senior Software Engineer
11 231 (5.32%) Lead Developer
12 209 (4.81%) Senior Java Engineer
13 161 (3.71%) Principal Engineer
14 153 (3.52%) Lead Java Developer
15 152 (3.50%) Architect
16 139 (3.20%) Backend Developer
17 127 (2.92%) Principal Software Engineer
18 105 (2.42%) Senior Software Developer
19 99 (2.28%) Senior Java Software Engineer
20 87 (2.00%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,898 (43.68%) Spring Boot
2 1,174 (27.02%) AngularJS
3 1,055 (24.28%) React
4 1,040 (23.94%) Hibernate
5 1,025 (23.59%) REST
6 952 (21.91%) Kafka
7 884 (20.35%) Node.js
8 882 (20.30%) RESTful
9 732 (16.85%) CSS
10 691 (15.90%) Web Services
11 593 (13.65%) HTML
12 465 (10.70%) RabbitMQ
13 432 (9.94%) JSON
14 365 (8.40%) .NET
15 318 (7.32%) Redux
16 298 (6.86%) GraphQL
17 278 (6.40%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 277 (6.38%) Middleware
19 249 (5.73%) SOAP
20 246 (5.66%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 312 (7.18%) User Experience
2 237 (5.45%) Greenfield Project
3 211 (4.86%) Linux Command Line
4 197 (4.53%) Self-Motivation
5 162 (3.73%) Mobile App
6 146 (3.36%) Data Structures
7 145 (3.34%) Algorithms
8 135 (3.11%) Enterprise Software
9 103 (2.37%) Cloud Native
10 93 (2.14%) Virtual Team
11 90 (2.07%) Derivative
12 65 (1.50%) Public Cloud
13 56 (1.29%) NHS
14 48 (1.10%) Online Games
15 45 (1.04%) iPad
16 38 (0.87%) SWIFT
17 35 (0.81%) Market Risk
18 32 (0.74%) Data Centre
18 32 (0.74%) Equity Derivative
18 32 (0.74%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 756 (17.40%) Linux
2 402 (9.25%) Unix
3 96 (2.21%) Windows
4 63 (1.45%) Android
5 54 (1.24%) Apple iOS
6 30 (0.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 20 (0.46%) Ubuntu
8 19 (0.44%) Mac OS X
9 11 (0.25%) CentOS
10 9 (0.21%) Mac OS
11 8 (0.18%) Windows Server
12 5 (0.12%) Solaris
13 1 (0.023%) Alpine Linux
13 1 (0.023%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,792 (64.26%) Agile Software Development
2 2,093 (48.17%) Microservices
3 1,558 (35.86%) TDD
4 1,453 (33.44%) Software Engineering
5 1,253 (28.84%) DevOps
6 1,145 (26.35%) Scrum
7 885 (20.37%) BDD
8 848 (19.52%) Continuous Integration
9 821 (18.90%) Full Stack Development
10 655 (15.07%) Open Source
11 592 (13.62%) OO
12 579 (13.33%) Problem-Solving
13 523 (12.04%) Computer Science
14 515 (11.85%) Test Automation
15 514 (11.83%) Mentoring
16 506 (11.65%) Fintech
17 410 (9.44%) Coaching
18 338 (7.78%) Multithreading
19 316 (7.27%) SDLC
20 311 (7.16%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 4,122 (94.87%) Java
2 1,352 (31.12%) SQL
3 1,242 (28.58%) JavaScript
4 964 (22.19%) Java 8
5 710 (16.34%) Python
6 466 (10.72%) TypeScript
7 398 (9.16%) C#
8 328 (7.55%) Kotlin
9 288 (6.63%) Java 11
10 236 (5.43%) Groovy
11 223 (5.13%) Shell Script
12 219 (5.04%) Scala
13 89 (2.05%) ES6
14 87 (2.00%) C++
15 85 (1.96%) Go
16 78 (1.80%) PL/SQL
17 74 (1.70%) PHP
18 70 (1.61%) Bash Shell
19 65 (1.50%) C
20 34 (0.78%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 573 (13.19%) Degree
2 474 (10.91%) Security Cleared
3 461 (10.61%) SC Cleared
4 203 (4.67%) Oracle Certification
5 201 (4.63%) OCP
6 175 (4.03%) Computer Science Degree
7 55 (1.27%) Master's Degree
8 25 (0.58%) AWS Certification
9 24 (0.55%) Microsoft Certification
9 24 (0.55%) SANS
10 20 (0.46%) MCSD
11 16 (0.37%) Numerate Degree
12 15 (0.35%) DV Cleared
13 11 (0.25%) PhD
14 10 (0.23%) DBS Check
15 9 (0.21%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
16 8 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
17 7 (0.16%) HND
18 5 (0.12%) TOGAF Certification
19 4 (0.092%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 229 (5.27%) QA
2 68 (1.57%) SLA
3 37 (0.85%) Accessibility
4 27 (0.62%) WCAG
5 24 (0.55%) EMIR
5 24 (0.55%) MiFID
6 15 (0.35%) GDPR
7 11 (0.25%) Data Quality
7 11 (0.25%) ISO 20022
8 8 (0.18%) PCI DSS
9 7 (0.16%) NCSC
10 6 (0.14%) CDISC
10 6 (0.14%) Good Clinical Practice
10 6 (0.14%) ISO 15022
11 4 (0.092%) HIPAA
11 4 (0.092%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 3 (0.069%) GRC
13 2 (0.046%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 1 (0.023%) ISO 8583
14 1 (0.023%) PSD2
System Software
1 1,508 (34.71%) Docker
2 180 (4.14%) HDFS
3 138 (3.18%) VMware Infrastructure
4 60 (1.38%) Virtual Machines
5 29 (0.67%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 19 (0.44%) Postfix
7 11 (0.25%) ISA Server
8 6 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
9 4 (0.092%) Virtual Servers
10 3 (0.069%) Active Directory
10 3 (0.069%) OpenAM
10 3 (0.069%) OpenDJ
10 3 (0.069%) vSphere
11 2 (0.046%) NDS
11 2 (0.046%) NetIQ eDirectory
12 1 (0.023%) KVM
Systems Management
1 1,153 (26.54%) Kubernetes
2 511 (11.76%) Ansible
3 464 (10.68%) Terraform
4 142 (3.27%) Opscode Chef
5 98 (2.26%) Grafana
6 87 (2.00%) Puppet
7 64 (1.47%) Kibana
8 54 (1.24%) Prometheus
9 28 (0.64%) Single Sign-On
10 23 (0.53%) HAProxy
11 20 (0.46%) Hadoop YARN
12 18 (0.41%) Istio
13 16 (0.37%) Docker Swarm
13 16 (0.37%) logstash
14 13 (0.30%) Mesos
15 11 (0.25%) Rancher
16 10 (0.23%) Salt
17 9 (0.21%) ZABBIX
18 8 (0.18%) Graphite
19 6 (0.14%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 582 (13.39%) Oracle
2 219 (5.04%) Google
3 203 (4.67%) Okta
3 203 (4.67%) VMware
4 159 (3.66%) Microsoft
5 80 (1.84%) IBM
6 70 (1.61%) Splunk
7 60 (1.38%) Atlassian
8 59 (1.36%) Red Hat
9 55 (1.27%) Sybase
10 42 (0.97%) SAP
11 34 (0.78%) Guidewire
12 30 (0.69%) MuleSoft
13 29 (0.67%) Adobe
14 28 (0.64%) TIBCO
15 24 (0.55%) PayPal
16 23 (0.53%) Solace
17 21 (0.48%) BT
18 20 (0.46%) Talend
19 18 (0.41%) Sony