Period
to 22 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 22 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 94 83 81
Rank change year-on-year -11 -2 +4
Permanent jobs citing Spring 1,625 4,806 6,259
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.26% 3.45% 3.76%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.46% 9.25% 9.39%
Number of salaries quoted 1,563 4,251 5,254
Median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £38,750 £33,750 £37,500
90th Percentile £87,250 £89,500 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 21,783 51,951 66,648
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.74% 37.34% 40.02%
Number of salaries quoted 18,344 42,547 55,228
Median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Salary trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 22 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -8 1,495 £65,000 +8.33% 322
UK excluding London -12 882 £55,000 +10.00% 190
London -7 716 £72,500 - 158
South East -8 301 £65,000 +13.04% 50
Work from Home +2 231 £61,500 -5.38% 71
North of England -1 203 £50,000 - 51
South West +35 133 £51,500 +8.42% 31
Yorkshire +29 106 £50,000 +11.11% 15
North West -8 81 £55,000 - 28
Midlands -13 75 £43,750 +2.94% 21
East of England +34 53 £47,500 -13.64% 9
Scotland +14 53 £47,500 +2.15% 13
West Midlands +8 47 £45,000 - 12
Wales -13 40 £42,500 +6.25% 8
East Midlands -15 28 £40,000 +3.90% 9
Northern Ireland -10 25 £50,000 +17.65% 7
North East +30 15 £45,250 -13.45% 8

For the 6 months to 22 September 2020, IT jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,513 (93.11%) Java
2 872 (53.66%) Agile Software Development
3 716 (44.06%) Spring Boot
4 675 (41.54%) Microservices
5 504 (31.02%) JavaScript
6 488 (30.03%) TDD
7 444 (27.32%) Java 8
8 439 (27.02%) SQL
9 419 (25.78%) AWS
10 406 (24.98%) Docker
11 393 (24.18%) DevOps
12 347 (21.35%) REST
13 346 (21.29%) Software Engineering
14 342 (21.05%) Git (software)
15 331 (20.37%) AngularJS
16 319 (19.63%) Kubernetes
17 314 (19.32%) Hibernate
18 311 (19.14%) RESTful
19 290 (17.85%) React
20 281 (17.29%) Continuous Integration
21 276 (16.98%) Web Services
22 274 (16.86%) NoSQL
23 267 (16.43%) Jenkins
23 267 (16.43%) Finance
24 265 (16.31%) Maven
25 242 (14.89%) Scrum
26 238 (14.65%) Node.js
27 228 (14.03%) JUnit
28 226 (13.91%) Security Cleared
29 225 (13.85%) BDD

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 132 (8.12%) Tomcat
2 124 (7.63%) Apache
3 120 (7.38%) Elasticsearch
4 103 (6.34%) Apache Spark
5 56 (3.45%) Confluence
6 38 (2.34%) WebSphere
7 26 (1.60%) Cloud Foundry
8 22 (1.35%) JBoss
9 21 (1.29%) WebLogic
10 20 (1.23%) CMS
11 12 (0.74%) IIS
12 10 (0.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 7 (0.43%) GlassFish
13 7 (0.43%) OpenStack
13 7 (0.43%) WildFly
14 6 (0.37%) SAS
15 5 (0.31%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 5 (0.31%) Red Hat Fuse
15 5 (0.31%) WebSphere Application Server
16 4 (0.25%) Jetty
Applications
1 4 (0.25%) AutoCAD
Business Applications
1 9 (0.55%) Oracle BPM
2 7 (0.43%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 5 (0.31%) Distributed Ledger
4 3 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
4 3 (0.18%) Temenos T24
5 2 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.12%) R3 Corda
6 1 (0.062%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.062%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.062%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 419 (25.78%) AWS
2 175 (10.77%) Azure
3 122 (7.51%) GCP
4 107 (6.58%) GitHub
5 75 (4.62%) SaaS
6 60 (3.69%) Amazon EC2
7 50 (3.08%) OpenShift
8 48 (2.95%) Stackdriver
9 36 (2.22%) Serverless
10 31 (1.91%) PaaS
11 22 (1.35%) npm
12 19 (1.17%) Amazon ECS
13 18 (1.11%) Amazon SQS
13 18 (1.11%) AWS CloudFormation
14 16 (0.98%) Amazon Kinesis
14 16 (0.98%) Cloud Computing
15 13 (0.80%) Amazon S3
15 13 (0.80%) AWS Lambda
15 13 (0.80%) Slack
16 12 (0.74%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 33 (2.03%) HTTP
1 33 (2.03%) Internet
2 13 (0.80%) AMQP
3 8 (0.49%) Skype
4 7 (0.43%) 5G
4 7 (0.43%) SSH
5 5 (0.31%) Firewall
6 4 (0.25%) DNS
6 4 (0.25%) Intranet
6 4 (0.25%) WebEx
7 3 (0.18%) Kerberos
7 3 (0.18%) SSL
7 3 (0.18%) TCP/IP
8 2 (0.12%) Network Security
8 2 (0.12%) Wireless
9 1 (0.062%) Extranet
9 1 (0.062%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.062%) Intelligent Network
9 1 (0.062%) MQTT
9 1 (0.062%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 274 (16.86%) NoSQL
2 188 (11.57%) PostgreSQL
3 122 (7.51%) Big Data
3 122 (7.51%) SQL Server
4 120 (7.38%) MongoDB
5 117 (7.20%) MySQL
6 115 (7.08%) Relational Database
7 72 (4.43%) Apache Cassandra
8 70 (4.31%) Hadoop
9 35 (2.15%) Redis
10 33 (2.03%) Amazon RDS
11 32 (1.97%) RDBMS
12 24 (1.48%) Oracle Database
13 22 (1.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 14 (0.86%) HBase
15 11 (0.68%) Couchbase
15 11 (0.68%) Impala
16 10 (0.62%) Oracle Database 12c
16 10 (0.62%) Text Mining
17 9 (0.55%) GIS
Development Applications
1 342 (21.05%) Git (software)
2 267 (16.43%) Jenkins
3 265 (16.31%) Maven
4 228 (14.03%) JUnit
5 126 (7.75%) Mockito
6 116 (7.14%) JIRA
7 97 (5.97%) Gradle
8 51 (3.14%) SonarQube
9 42 (2.58%) Subversion
10 41 (2.52%) jMock
11 39 (2.40%) Eclipse
12 38 (2.34%) Cucumber
12 38 (2.34%) DbUnit
13 35 (2.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 32 (1.97%) Selenium
15 31 (1.91%) Bitbucket
16 27 (1.66%) GitLab
17 24 (1.48%) Sonatype Nexus
18 22 (1.35%) IntelliJ
19 21 (1.29%) Ant
General
1 267 (16.43%) Finance
2 146 (8.98%) Banking
3 116 (7.14%) Public Sector
4 57 (3.51%) Investment Banking
5 50 (3.08%) Retail
6 30 (1.85%) Front Office
7 24 (1.48%) Games
8 17 (1.05%) Manufacturing
9 16 (0.98%) Advertising
10 14 (0.86%) Financial Institution
11 12 (0.74%) Back Office
11 12 (0.74%) Publishing
11 12 (0.74%) Telecoms
12 11 (0.68%) Law
12 11 (0.68%) Marketing
13 7 (0.43%) Police
14 6 (0.37%) Legal
14 6 (0.37%) Retail Banking
15 4 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
16 3 (0.18%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 1,199 (73.78%) Developer
2 974 (59.94%) Java Developer
3 313 (19.26%) Senior Developer
4 256 (15.75%) Senior Java Developer
5 169 (10.40%) Java Engineer
6 129 (7.94%) Software Engineer
7 104 (6.40%) Full Stack Developer
8 91 (5.60%) Lead Developer
9 89 (5.48%) Java Software Engineer
10 76 (4.68%) Lead Java Developer
11 71 (4.37%) Architect
12 68 (4.18%) Senior Java Engineer
13 63 (3.88%) SC Cleared Java Developer
14 61 (3.75%) Software Developer
15 56 (3.45%) Senior Software Engineer
16 42 (2.58%) Junior
17 39 (2.40%) Junior Developer
18 37 (2.28%) Java Architect
19 36 (2.22%) Digital Developer
19 36 (2.22%) Junior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 716 (44.06%) Spring Boot
2 347 (21.35%) REST
3 331 (20.37%) AngularJS
4 314 (19.32%) Hibernate
5 311 (19.14%) RESTful
6 290 (17.85%) React
7 276 (16.98%) Web Services
8 238 (14.65%) Node.js
9 200 (12.31%) HTML
10 193 (11.88%) CSS
11 178 (10.95%) Kafka
12 147 (9.05%) JMS
13 143 (8.80%) SOAP
14 134 (8.25%) J2EE
15 128 (7.88%) Apache Camel
16 126 (7.75%) RabbitMQ
17 114 (7.02%) XML
18 108 (6.65%) Spring Integration
19 107 (6.58%) Java EE
20 89 (5.48%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 82 (5.05%) Greenfield Project
2 59 (3.63%) Cloud Native
3 56 (3.45%) Analytical Skills
4 46 (2.83%) User Experience
5 38 (2.34%) Enterprise Software
6 29 (1.78%) Mobile App
7 28 (1.72%) Fixed Income
8 27 (1.66%) Algorithms
9 26 (1.60%) Market Risk
10 25 (1.54%) Social Media
11 22 (1.35%) Self-Motivation
12 21 (1.29%) Blog
12 21 (1.29%) NHS
13 20 (1.23%) Public Cloud
14 17 (1.05%) Data Structures
15 15 (0.92%) Life Science
16 13 (0.80%) Derivative
17 12 (0.74%) Private Cloud
18 11 (0.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 11 (0.68%) STB
Operating Systems
1 151 (9.29%) Linux
2 46 (2.83%) Unix
3 34 (2.09%) Android
3 34 (2.09%) Windows
4 32 (1.97%) Apple iOS
5 15 (0.92%) VMS
6 11 (0.68%) Ubuntu
7 9 (0.55%) CentOS
8 8 (0.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 4 (0.25%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.12%) Mac OS X
10 2 (0.12%) Solaris
10 2 (0.12%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.062%) AIX
11 1 (0.062%) Debian
11 1 (0.062%) Windows Embedded Compact
11 1 (0.062%) Windows Mobile
11 1 (0.062%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 872 (53.66%) Agile Software Development
2 675 (41.54%) Microservices
3 488 (30.03%) TDD
4 393 (24.18%) DevOps
5 346 (21.29%) Software Engineering
6 281 (17.29%) Continuous Integration
7 242 (14.89%) Scrum
8 225 (13.85%) BDD
9 210 (12.92%) MVC
10 169 (10.40%) Test Automation
11 146 (8.98%) OO
12 134 (8.25%) Open Source
13 118 (7.26%) Fintech
14 116 (7.14%) Mentoring
15 114 (7.02%) Computer Science
16 103 (6.34%) Problem-Solving
17 97 (5.97%) Multithreading
18 95 (5.85%) Unit Testing
19 93 (5.72%) Pair Programming
20 87 (5.35%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,513 (93.11%) Java
2 504 (31.02%) JavaScript
3 444 (27.32%) Java 8
4 439 (27.02%) SQL
5 165 (10.15%) Python
6 93 (5.72%) C#
6 93 (5.72%) TypeScript
7 83 (5.11%) Kotlin
8 79 (4.86%) Scala
9 44 (2.71%) Shell Script
10 37 (2.28%) PHP
11 29 (1.78%) C
12 22 (1.35%) Ruby
13 21 (1.29%) Apple Swift
14 20 (1.23%) Go
15 18 (1.11%) C++
15 18 (1.11%) PL/SQL
16 15 (0.92%) Bash Shell
17 14 (0.86%) Objective-C
18 13 (0.80%) R
Qualifications
1 226 (13.91%) Security Cleared
2 186 (11.45%) SC Cleared
3 135 (8.31%) Degree
4 75 (4.62%) Computer Science Degree
5 51 (3.14%) DV Cleared
6 20 (1.23%) Master's Degree
7 5 (0.31%) PhD
8 4 (0.25%) DBS Check
8 4 (0.25%) HNC
8 4 (0.25%) HND
8 4 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
8 4 (0.25%) Sun Certification
9 1 (0.062%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.062%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 65 (4.00%) QA
2 4 (0.25%) ISO 9001
3 3 (0.18%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.12%) GDPR
4 2 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.12%) MiFID
5 1 (0.062%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 1 (0.062%) NCSC
5 1 (0.062%) PSD2
5 1 (0.062%) SLA
System Software
1 406 (24.98%) Docker
2 27 (1.66%) vSphere
3 25 (1.54%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (0.74%) Postfix
5 11 (0.68%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 5 (0.31%) HDFS
7 3 (0.18%) Active Directory
7 3 (0.18%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 319 (19.63%) Kubernetes
2 116 (7.14%) Terraform
3 81 (4.98%) Ansible
4 54 (3.32%) Grafana
5 42 (2.58%) Puppet
6 33 (2.03%) Opscode Chef
7 12 (0.74%) NetIQ Identity Manager
8 10 (0.62%) Kibana
9 9 (0.55%) logstash
9 9 (0.55%) Prometheus
10 6 (0.37%) Istio
11 3 (0.18%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
11 3 (0.18%) vRealize
12 2 (0.12%) HP Fortify
12 2 (0.12%) Scalr
13 1 (0.062%) Graylog
13 1 (0.062%) Hadoop YARN
13 1 (0.062%) Mesos
13 1 (0.062%) Salt
13 1 (0.062%) StatsD
Vendors
1 157 (9.66%) Oracle
2 106 (6.52%) Google
3 64 (3.94%) Splunk
4 53 (3.26%) ServiceNow
5 39 (2.40%) Microsoft
6 35 (2.15%) IBM
7 29 (1.78%) Red Hat
8 27 (1.66%) Atlassian
9 26 (1.60%) VMware
10 18 (1.11%) SAP
11 15 (0.92%) MuleSoft
11 15 (0.92%) NetIQ
12 13 (0.80%) Apple
12 13 (0.80%) Solace
13 10 (0.62%) Talend
14 9 (0.55%) TIBCO
15 7 (0.43%) Ariba
15 7 (0.43%) Cloudera
15 7 (0.43%) Databricks
16 6 (0.37%) Dell