Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 25 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
25 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 84 87 97
Rank change year-on-year +3 +10 -14
Permanent jobs citing Spring 6,804 3,777 2,576
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.86% 3.61% 3.21%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.55% 8.90% 8.15%
Number of salaries quoted 2,170 2,231 2,141
10th Percentile £45,000 £41,250 £38,750
25th Percentile £53,750 £47,500 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £62,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +16.00% +4.17% +4.35%
75th Percentile £91,250 £80,000 £76,250
90th Percentile £110,000 £95,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +14.29% - +5.00%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 71,265 42,427 31,588
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.42% 40.59% 39.40%
Number of salaries quoted 30,076 29,513 26,241
10th Percentile £38,000 £35,000 £33,750
25th Percentile £47,500 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.04% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £82,500 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Salary trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 25 June 2022.

Salary histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 25 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +7 5,445 £75,000 +15.38% 442
London -6 3,587 £85,000 +13.33% 225
Work from Home -6 2,858 £70,000 +16.67% 229
UK excluding London -34 2,061 £60,000 +14.29% 241
North of England +20 629 £57,500 +15.00% 83
South East -77 430 £70,000 +16.67% 57
North West +37 388 £58,500 +9.35% 47
Midlands +10 351 £60,000 +20.00% 33
South West -8 300 £62,500 +19.05% 34
Scotland -26 267 £65,000 +30.00% 19
Yorkshire +18 221 £57,500 +15.00% 25
West Midlands +4 218 £60,000 +14.29% 26
East Midlands +8 119 £52,500 +10.53% 7
East of England -69 83 £60,000 -1.64% 6
Northern Ireland -42 33 £57,500 -11.54% 3
North East -80 20 £50,000 - 12
Wales -86 16 £50,000 +11.11% 6

For the 6 months to 25 June 2022, IT jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 6,527 (95.93%) Java
2 4,212 (61.90%) Agile
3 3,629 (53.34%) Spring Boot
4 3,371 (49.54%) AWS
5 3,294 (48.41%) Microservices
6 2,705 (39.76%) Docker
7 2,599 (38.20%) Software Engineering
8 2,559 (37.61%) Kubernetes
9 2,031 (29.85%) CI/CD
10 1,968 (28.92%) TDD
11 1,944 (28.57%) Finance
12 1,895 (27.85%) DevOps
13 1,888 (27.75%) Git (software)
14 1,863 (27.38%) Azure
15 1,833 (26.94%) Kafka
16 1,739 (25.56%) JavaScript
17 1,623 (23.85%) REST
18 1,594 (23.43%) SQL
19 1,543 (22.68%) Jenkins
20 1,517 (22.30%) GCP
21 1,513 (22.24%) React
22 1,448 (21.28%) Mentoring
23 1,382 (20.31%) Continuous Integration
24 1,377 (20.24%) RESTful
25 1,320 (19.40%) Scrum
26 1,233 (18.12%) Social Skills
27 1,232 (18.11%) PostgreSQL
28 1,216 (17.87%) Python
29 1,199 (17.62%) NoSQL
30 1,177 (17.30%) Maven

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 448 (6.58%) Elasticsearch
2 259 (3.81%) Confluence
3 180 (2.65%) Apache Solr
4 167 (2.45%) Apache
5 147 (2.16%) Tomcat
6 117 (1.72%) Apache Spark
7 107 (1.57%) CMS
8 99 (1.46%) nginx
9 65 (0.96%) JBoss
10 63 (0.93%) Cloud Foundry
11 54 (0.79%) SharePoint
12 48 (0.71%) WebSphere
13 44 (0.65%) Apache Airflow
14 37 (0.54%) IIS
15 35 (0.51%) Camunda
16 24 (0.35%) Oracle Workflow
16 24 (0.35%) WebLogic
17 22 (0.32%) Jupyter
18 21 (0.31%) Jetty
18 21 (0.31%) MQSeries
Applications
1 51 (0.75%) Microsoft Office
2 23 (0.34%) Chatbot
3 13 (0.19%) Microsoft Excel
4 9 (0.13%) Maple
5 2 (0.029%) InVision
5 2 (0.029%) Sketch
6 1 (0.015%) Adobe Premiere
6 1 (0.015%) CATIA
6 1 (0.015%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 53 (0.78%) Payment Gateway
2 47 (0.69%) Oracle BPM
3 19 (0.28%) Distributed Ledger
4 12 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
5 11 (0.16%) R3 Corda
6 10 (0.15%) Magento
7 8 (0.12%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
7 8 (0.12%) Shopify
8 6 (0.088%) Oracle ERP
9 4 (0.059%) Fidessa
10 1 (0.015%) ENOVIA
10 1 (0.015%) ION MarketView
10 1 (0.015%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 3,371 (49.54%) AWS
2 1,863 (27.38%) Azure
3 1,517 (22.30%) GCP
4 869 (12.77%) Serverless
5 544 (8.00%) GitHub
6 446 (6.55%) AWS Lambda
7 287 (4.22%) Cloud Computing
8 277 (4.07%) SaaS
9 239 (3.51%) OpenShift
10 230 (3.38%) PaaS
11 226 (3.32%) Amazon EC2
12 215 (3.16%) Amazon S3
13 185 (2.72%) Datadog
14 160 (2.35%) Amazon SQS
15 132 (1.94%) Amazon ECS
16 129 (1.90%) Amazon Kinesis
17 117 (1.72%) npm
18 115 (1.69%) Amazon EKS
19 114 (1.68%) Slack
20 87 (1.28%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 188 (2.76%) HTTP
2 161 (2.37%) Internet
3 118 (1.73%) PPP
4 64 (0.94%) TCP/IP
5 62 (0.91%) Broadband
6 35 (0.51%) Network Security
7 30 (0.44%) NFC
7 30 (0.44%) SMS
8 29 (0.43%) DNS
9 28 (0.41%) AMQP
10 26 (0.38%) Firewall
11 18 (0.26%) VPN
12 14 (0.21%) SSL
12 14 (0.21%) VoIP
13 12 (0.18%) Bluetooth
14 11 (0.16%) Calico
15 8 (0.12%) DHCP
15 8 (0.12%) FTP
15 8 (0.12%) Reverse Proxy
16 7 (0.10%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,232 (18.11%) PostgreSQL
2 1,199 (17.62%) NoSQL
3 1,073 (15.77%) Relational Database
4 906 (13.32%) MySQL
5 802 (11.79%) Big Data
6 761 (11.18%) MongoDB
7 644 (9.47%) Redis
8 348 (5.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 296 (4.35%) SQL Server
10 225 (3.31%) RDBMS
11 218 (3.20%) Apache Cassandra
12 199 (2.92%) Hadoop
13 192 (2.82%) Amazon Aurora
14 99 (1.46%) Hazelcast
15 95 (1.40%) Amazon RDS
16 86 (1.26%) DB2
17 85 (1.25%) Oracle Database
18 67 (0.98%) HBase
19 61 (0.90%) CockroachDB
20 60 (0.88%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 1,888 (27.75%) Git (software)
2 1,543 (22.68%) Jenkins
3 1,177 (17.30%) Maven
4 921 (13.54%) JUnit
5 756 (11.11%) Gradle
6 517 (7.60%) Mockito
7 487 (7.16%) JIRA
8 408 (6.00%) GitLab
9 309 (4.54%) Cucumber
10 241 (3.54%) Bitbucket
10 241 (3.54%) SonarQube
11 215 (3.16%) Selenium
12 129 (1.90%) Sonatype Nexus
13 118 (1.73%) CircleCI
14 115 (1.69%) webpack
15 114 (1.68%) Subversion
16 106 (1.56%) Artifactory
17 97 (1.43%) Mocha
18 96 (1.41%) IntelliJ
19 93 (1.37%) Eclipse
General
1 1,944 (28.57%) Finance
2 1,233 (18.12%) Social Skills
3 885 (13.01%) Banking
4 750 (11.02%) Games
5 531 (7.80%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 466 (6.85%) Retail
7 435 (6.39%) Analytical Skills
8 284 (4.17%) Law
9 274 (4.03%) Manufacturing
10 258 (3.79%) Marketing
11 253 (3.72%) Public Sector
12 155 (2.28%) Telecoms
13 144 (2.12%) Financial Institution
14 125 (1.84%) Legal
15 98 (1.44%) Retail Banking
16 91 (1.34%) Automotive
17 84 (1.23%) Advertising
18 70 (1.03%) Front Office
19 65 (0.96%) Investment Banking
20 58 (0.85%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 3,117 (45.81%) Developer
2 2,325 (34.17%) Java Developer
3 1,559 (22.91%) Software Engineer
4 1,246 (18.31%) Java Engineer
5 1,013 (14.89%) Senior Developer
6 851 (12.51%) Senior Java Developer
7 566 (8.32%) Senior Software Engineer
8 523 (7.69%) Java Software Engineer
9 366 (5.38%) Senior Java Engineer
10 329 (4.84%) Trainee
11 276 (4.06%) Principal Engineer
12 269 (3.95%) Full Stack Developer
13 235 (3.45%) Software Developer
14 187 (2.75%) Architect
14 187 (2.75%) Senior Java Software Engineer
15 186 (2.73%) Lead Developer
16 175 (2.57%) Backend Developer
17 130 (1.91%) Technical Leader
18 128 (1.88%) DevOps Engineer
18 128 (1.88%) Lead Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,629 (53.34%) Spring Boot
2 1,833 (26.94%) Kafka
3 1,623 (23.85%) REST
4 1,513 (22.24%) React
5 1,377 (20.24%) RESTful
6 1,083 (15.92%) Hibernate
7 1,062 (15.61%) AngularJS
8 950 (13.96%) Node.js
9 932 (13.70%) HTML
10 838 (12.32%) CSS
11 730 (10.73%) Web Services
12 520 (7.64%) RabbitMQ
13 493 (7.25%) JSON
14 445 (6.54%) GraphQL
15 419 (6.16%) HTML5
16 402 (5.91%) SOAP
17 396 (5.82%) JPA
18 393 (5.78%) .NET
19 356 (5.23%) Spring MVC
20 319 (4.69%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 603 (8.86%) Algorithms
2 376 (5.53%) User Experience
3 305 (4.48%) Cloud Native
4 252 (3.70%) Public Cloud
5 251 (3.69%) Mobile App
6 244 (3.59%) Greenfield Project
7 242 (3.56%) Enterprise Software
8 239 (3.51%) Data Structures
9 236 (3.47%) Social Media
10 232 (3.41%) Self-Motivation
11 222 (3.26%) Virtual Team
12 215 (3.16%) Life Science
13 140 (2.06%) Social Network
14 120 (1.76%) Cyberattack
15 99 (1.46%) Blockchain
16 86 (1.26%) PMI
17 83 (1.22%) Blog
18 79 (1.16%) Derivative
19 77 (1.13%) Video\Live Streaming
20 71 (1.04%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 919 (13.51%) Linux
2 353 (5.19%) Unix
3 270 (3.97%) Android
4 246 (3.62%) Windows
5 143 (2.10%) Apple iOS
6 59 (0.87%) Mac OS
7 57 (0.84%) Mac OS X
8 49 (0.72%) Ubuntu
9 29 (0.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 14 (0.21%) Windows Server
11 6 (0.088%) OpenVMS
12 5 (0.073%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.029%) CentOS
13 2 (0.029%) VMS
14 1 (0.015%) AIX
14 1 (0.015%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,212 (61.90%) Agile
2 3,294 (48.41%) Microservices
3 2,599 (38.20%) Software Engineering
4 2,031 (29.85%) CI/CD
5 1,968 (28.92%) TDD
6 1,895 (27.85%) DevOps
7 1,448 (21.28%) Mentoring
8 1,382 (20.31%) Continuous Integration
9 1,320 (19.40%) Scrum
10 1,099 (16.15%) Test Automation
11 1,028 (15.11%) Problem-Solving
12 1,025 (15.06%) Full Stack Development
13 876 (12.87%) BDD
14 802 (11.79%) OO
15 783 (11.51%) Analytics
16 745 (10.95%) SDLC
17 741 (10.89%) Machine Learning
18 728 (10.70%) Data Science
19 675 (9.92%) Computer Science
20 601 (8.83%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 6,527 (95.93%) Java
2 1,739 (25.56%) JavaScript
3 1,594 (23.43%) SQL
4 1,216 (17.87%) Python
5 758 (11.14%) TypeScript
6 691 (10.16%) Kotlin
7 397 (5.83%) C#
8 327 (4.81%) Scala
9 256 (3.76%) Go
10 214 (3.15%) ES6
11 171 (2.51%) Groovy
12 170 (2.50%) C++
13 162 (2.38%) Shell Script
14 121 (1.78%) Ruby
15 102 (1.50%) C
16 101 (1.48%) PHP
17 99 (1.46%) Bash
18 51 (0.75%) PowerShell
19 48 (0.71%) Perl
20 38 (0.56%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 854 (12.55%) Degree
2 352 (5.17%) Computer Science Degree
3 217 (3.19%) Security Cleared
4 169 (2.48%) SC Cleared
5 86 (1.26%) PMI Certification
6 78 (1.15%) Master's Degree
7 76 (1.12%) OCP
7 76 (1.12%) Oracle Certification
8 57 (0.84%) Numerate Degree
9 51 (0.75%) AWS Certification
10 47 (0.69%) DV Cleared
11 12 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
11 12 (0.18%) MCP
12 10 (0.15%) CTC Cleared
13 9 (0.13%) HND
13 9 (0.13%) PhD
14 5 (0.073%) DBS Check
14 5 (0.073%) Microsoft Certification
15 3 (0.044%) CFA
16 2 (0.029%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 997 (14.65%) QA
2 49 (0.72%) Data Quality
3 26 (0.38%) Accessibility
4 25 (0.37%) PCI DSS
5 22 (0.32%) EMIR
5 22 (0.32%) GDPR
5 22 (0.32%) MiFID
6 16 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 10 (0.15%) IEC 62304
7 10 (0.15%) ISO 13485
8 6 (0.088%) SLA
9 4 (0.059%) GLP
9 4 (0.059%) SNOMED CT
10 3 (0.044%) IFRS
10 3 (0.044%) IFRS 17
10 3 (0.044%) IFRS 9
10 3 (0.044%) PMO
10 3 (0.044%) Solvency II
10 3 (0.044%) WCAG
11 2 (0.029%) NIST
System Software
1 2,705 (39.76%) Docker
2 140 (2.06%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 25 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
4 10 (0.15%) Active Directory
5 9 (0.13%) GridGain
5 9 (0.13%) HDFS
5 9 (0.13%) ISA Server
6 4 (0.059%) etcd
6 4 (0.059%) VMware Infrastructure
7 3 (0.044%) Hyper-V
7 3 (0.044%) Postfix
8 2 (0.029%) Firmware
9 1 (0.015%) Citrix Hypervisor
Systems Management
1 2,559 (37.61%) Kubernetes
2 653 (9.60%) Terraform
3 336 (4.94%) Ansible
4 157 (2.31%) Prometheus
5 128 (1.88%) Grafana
6 126 (1.85%) Opscode Chef
7 89 (1.31%) Docker Swarm
8 87 (1.28%) Puppet
9 86 (1.26%) Istio
9 86 (1.26%) Kibana
10 39 (0.57%) Single Sign-On
11 31 (0.46%) Argo
12 22 (0.32%) Kubeflow
13 21 (0.31%) Hadoop YARN
14 19 (0.28%) Mesos
15 18 (0.26%) logstash
16 17 (0.25%) Consul
16 17 (0.25%) Panaseer
16 17 (0.25%) SCCM
17 15 (0.22%) Rancher
Vendors
1 819 (12.04%) Microsoft
2 559 (8.22%) Oracle
3 535 (7.86%) Google
4 119 (1.75%) Twitter
5 107 (1.57%) Splunk
6 98 (1.44%) Atlassian
7 94 (1.38%) Red Hat
8 80 (1.18%) Confluent
9 66 (0.97%) Checkmarx
10 63 (0.93%) LexisNexis
11 58 (0.85%) Cisco
12 55 (0.81%) SAP
13 54 (0.79%) New Relic
13 54 (0.79%) Salesforce.com
14 49 (0.72%) Xamarin
15 42 (0.62%) Elastic Path
15 42 (0.62%) Spotify
16 41 (0.60%) AppDynamics
16 41 (0.60%) Sun
17 39 (0.57%) IBM