Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 80 80 99
Rank change year-on-year 0 +19 -11
Permanent jobs citing Spring 6,260 6,413 5,800
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.70% 3.64% 2.94%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.15% 8.95% 7.55%
Number of salaries quoted 5,005 4,942 5,041
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - -
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,750 £35,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 68,389 71,636 76,825
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.47% 40.64% 38.98%
Number of salaries quoted 56,731 59,498 66,656
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Spring.

Salary trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Salary histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 5,741 £56,500 +7.62% 725
UK excluding London -2 3,383 £50,000 +5.26% 472
London +12 2,780 £67,500 +8.00% 324
South East +7 1,015 £52,500 +5.00% 134
North of England +1 828 £47,500 - 116
Midlands +44 444 £50,000 +8.70% 57
North West -6 396 £50,000 +5.26% 66
Yorkshire +12 385 £45,000 -5.26% 45
South West -30 345 £47,500 +5.56% 35
East of England -25 326 £50,000 +3.09% 59
Scotland +5 307 £52,500 +5.00% 52
West Midlands +55 265 £50,000 +5.26% 35
East Midlands +22 177 £52,250 +16.11% 22
Wales +4 103 £42,500 -6.12% 9
North East +2 49 £40,000 - 5
Northern Ireland -10 29 £40,000 -23.81% 10

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 6,097 (97.40%) Java
2 3,924 (62.68%) Agile Software Development
3 2,309 (36.88%) JavaScript
4 2,274 (36.33%) Hibernate
5 2,076 (33.16%) TDD
6 2,074 (33.13%) SQL
7 1,967 (31.42%) Java 8
8 1,792 (28.63%) Microservices
9 1,750 (27.96%) Software Engineering
10 1,677 (26.79%) HTML
11 1,646 (26.29%) Spring Boot
12 1,557 (24.87%) Web Services
13 1,506 (24.06%) Finance
14 1,386 (22.14%) Scrum
15 1,362 (21.76%) AngularJS
16 1,356 (21.66%) Maven
17 1,353 (21.61%) CSS
18 1,303 (20.81%) REST
19 1,253 (20.02%) Git (software)
20 1,192 (19.04%) Amazon AWS
21 1,178 (18.82%) Oracle
22 1,168 (18.66%) Docker
23 1,131 (18.07%) Jenkins
24 1,073 (17.14%) MVC
25 1,022 (16.33%) DevOps
26 1,008 (16.10%) JUnit
27 983 (15.70%) RESTful
28 982 (15.69%) NoSQL
29 928 (14.82%) Linux
30 924 (14.76%) J2EE

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 695 (11.10%) Tomcat
2 432 (6.90%) Apache
3 404 (6.45%) JBoss
4 346 (5.53%) Elasticsearch
5 241 (3.85%) WebLogic
6 215 (3.43%) WebSphere
7 197 (3.15%) Confluence
8 187 (2.99%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 158 (2.52%) Apache Spark
10 135 (2.16%) Cloud Foundry
11 122 (1.95%) CMS
12 103 (1.65%) Apache Solr
13 98 (1.57%) Mule
14 66 (1.05%) Jetty
15 56 (0.89%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 41 (0.65%) Mule ESB
17 38 (0.61%) WildFly
18 33 (0.53%) WordPress
19 27 (0.43%) IIS
20 25 (0.40%) Alfresco
Applications
1 12 (0.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.18%) Chatbot
3 7 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 7 (0.11%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.048%) Spreadsheet
4 3 (0.048%) Weka
5 2 (0.032%) EngageOne
6 1 (0.016%) Blender
6 1 (0.016%) HipChat
6 1 (0.016%) Microsoft Office
6 1 (0.016%) Mingle
6 1 (0.016%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 64 (1.02%) SAP Hybris
2 62 (0.99%) Payment Gateway
3 13 (0.21%) Adobe Campaign
3 13 (0.21%) Magento
4 12 (0.19%) SDL Web 8
5 11 (0.18%) R3 Corda
6 10 (0.16%) SAP ERP
7 9 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
7 9 (0.14%) Eloqua
8 8 (0.13%) Unica
9 6 (0.096%) Oracle BPM
10 5 (0.080%) Actimize
10 5 (0.080%) LatentZero
10 5 (0.080%) thinkFolio
11 4 (0.064%) SAP S/4HANA
12 3 (0.048%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 2 (0.032%) Dynamics AX
13 2 (0.032%) Dynamics CRM
13 2 (0.032%) Dynamics NAV
13 2 (0.032%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 1,192 (19.04%) Amazon AWS
2 302 (4.82%) Microsoft Azure
3 216 (3.45%) GitHub
4 182 (2.91%) Google Cloud Platform
5 160 (2.56%) OpenShift
6 152 (2.43%) PaaS
7 141 (2.25%) SaaS
8 116 (1.85%) Serverless
9 108 (1.73%) Cloud Computing
10 86 (1.37%) IaaS
11 84 (1.34%) IBM Cloud
12 82 (1.31%) Amazon EC2
13 46 (0.73%) Amazon S3
13 46 (0.73%) Slack
14 40 (0.64%) AWS CloudFormation
15 37 (0.59%) Amazon ElastiCache
16 36 (0.58%) npm
17 30 (0.48%) Amazon SQS
17 30 (0.48%) AWS Lambda
18 24 (0.38%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 145 (2.32%) HTTP
2 131 (2.09%) Internet
3 51 (0.81%) TCP/IP
4 36 (0.58%) AMQP
4 36 (0.58%) SMS
5 34 (0.54%) FTP
6 25 (0.40%) SSL
7 24 (0.38%) DNS
8 17 (0.27%) Firewall
9 13 (0.21%) SMPP
10 11 (0.18%) Intranet
11 8 (0.13%) HTTPS
12 6 (0.096%) Unified Communications
13 5 (0.080%) Network Security
13 5 (0.080%) PPP
13 5 (0.080%) SMTP
13 5 (0.080%) VoIP
13 5 (0.080%) Wi-Fi
13 5 (0.080%) Wireless
14 4 (0.064%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 982 (15.69%) NoSQL
2 862 (13.77%) MySQL
3 757 (12.09%) MongoDB
4 623 (9.95%) Relational Database
5 528 (8.43%) PostgreSQL
6 509 (8.13%) SQL Server
7 377 (6.02%) Big Data
8 373 (5.96%) Apache Cassandra
9 323 (5.16%) Hadoop
10 269 (4.30%) RDBMS
11 178 (2.84%) Redis
12 121 (1.93%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 115 (1.84%) Blockchain
13 115 (1.84%) DB2
14 110 (1.76%) Oracle Database
15 72 (1.15%) Neo4j
16 66 (1.05%) Hazelcast
17 53 (0.85%) Apache Hive
18 51 (0.81%) Riak
19 50 (0.80%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 1,356 (21.66%) Maven
2 1,253 (20.02%) Git (software)
3 1,131 (18.07%) Jenkins
4 1,008 (16.10%) JUnit
5 491 (7.84%) JIRA
6 448 (7.16%) Gradle
7 415 (6.63%) Subversion
8 379 (6.05%) Selenium
9 336 (5.37%) Cucumber
10 320 (5.11%) Eclipse
11 229 (3.66%) Mockito
12 171 (2.73%) Ant
13 161 (2.57%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 160 (2.56%) IntelliJ
15 147 (2.35%) Bitbucket
16 127 (2.03%) Sonatype Nexus
17 86 (1.37%) TeamCity
18 84 (1.34%) JMeter
19 81 (1.29%) Mocha
20 80 (1.28%) TestNG
General
1 1,506 (24.06%) Finance
2 646 (10.32%) Banking
3 331 (5.29%) Retail
4 289 (4.62%) Games
5 260 (4.15%) Investment Banking
6 223 (3.56%) Advertising
7 192 (3.07%) Financial Institution
8 137 (2.19%) Marketing
9 124 (1.98%) Front Office
10 112 (1.79%) Telecoms
11 63 (1.01%) Law
12 60 (0.96%) Electronics
13 59 (0.94%) Manufacturing
14 54 (0.86%) Back Office
15 50 (0.80%) Publishing
16 24 (0.38%) Retail Banking
17 22 (0.35%) Automotive
18 18 (0.29%) Military
19 15 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
20 14 (0.22%) Billing
Job Titles
1 4,548 (72.65%) Developer
2 4,065 (64.94%) Java Developer
3 1,270 (20.29%) Senior Developer
4 1,166 (18.63%) Senior Java Developer
5 758 (12.11%) Software Engineer
6 757 (12.09%) Java Engineer
7 489 (7.81%) Java Software Engineer
8 322 (5.14%) Architect
9 302 (4.82%) Lead Developer
9 302 (4.82%) Software Developer
10 274 (4.38%) Lead Java Developer
11 259 (4.14%) Java Software Developer
12 224 (3.58%) Senior Software Engineer
13 202 (3.23%) Senior Java Engineer
14 201 (3.21%) Full Stack Developer
15 176 (2.81%) AWS Developer
16 139 (2.22%) Junior
17 138 (2.20%) Technical Leader
18 137 (2.19%) Java Developer - Fintech
19 131 (2.09%) Senior Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,274 (36.33%) Hibernate
2 1,677 (26.79%) HTML
3 1,646 (26.29%) Spring Boot
4 1,557 (24.87%) Web Services
5 1,362 (21.76%) AngularJS
6 1,353 (21.61%) CSS
7 1,303 (20.81%) REST
8 983 (15.70%) RESTful
9 924 (14.76%) J2EE
10 892 (14.25%) Java EE
11 779 (12.44%) React
12 737 (11.77%) Node.js
13 713 (11.39%) XML
14 696 (11.12%) HTML5
15 619 (9.89%) SOAP
16 582 (9.30%) Spring MVC
17 507 (8.10%) jQuery
18 471 (7.52%) JSON
19 448 (7.16%) JMS
20 446 (7.12%) JPA
Miscellaneous
1 624 (9.97%) Greenfield Project
2 582 (9.30%) Computer Science
3 508 (8.12%) Fintech
4 392 (6.26%) Enterprise Software
5 367 (5.86%) Analytical Skills
6 177 (2.83%) Self-Motivation
7 168 (2.68%) Mobile App
8 163 (2.60%) User Experience
9 137 (2.19%) Cyberthreat
10 124 (1.98%) Algorithms
11 118 (1.88%) Cloud Native
12 110 (1.76%) Data Structures
13 87 (1.39%) Derivative
14 74 (1.18%) Public Cloud
15 69 (1.10%) Hedge funds
16 57 (0.91%) Online Games
17 52 (0.83%) Hybrid Cloud
18 51 (0.81%) Fixed Income
18 51 (0.81%) Linux Command Line
18 51 (0.81%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 928 (14.82%) Linux
2 279 (4.46%) Unix
3 152 (2.43%) Windows
4 125 (2.00%) Android
5 104 (1.66%) Apple iOS
6 70 (1.12%) CentOS
7 53 (0.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 30 (0.48%) Ubuntu
9 16 (0.26%) Mac OS
10 14 (0.22%) Windows Server
11 13 (0.21%) Solaris
12 12 (0.19%) openSUSE
13 9 (0.14%) Debian
14 8 (0.13%) Windows Phone
15 4 (0.064%) Mac OS X
16 3 (0.048%) DC/OS
16 3 (0.048%) FreeBSD
16 3 (0.048%) MVS
17 2 (0.032%) Fedora
17 2 (0.032%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,924 (62.68%) Agile Software Development
2 2,076 (33.16%) TDD
3 1,792 (28.63%) Microservices
4 1,750 (27.96%) Software Engineering
5 1,386 (22.14%) Scrum
6 1,073 (17.14%) MVC
7 1,022 (16.33%) DevOps
8 894 (14.28%) Continuous Integration
9 859 (13.72%) OO
10 793 (12.67%) BDD
11 702 (11.21%) Test Automation
12 673 (10.75%) Problem-Solving
13 645 (10.30%) SDLC
14 613 (9.79%) Open Source
15 588 (9.39%) Web Development
16 584 (9.33%) SOA
17 550 (8.79%) Mentoring
18 537 (8.58%) E-Commerce
19 457 (7.30%) Unit Testing
20 431 (6.88%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 6,097 (97.40%) Java
2 2,309 (36.88%) JavaScript
3 2,074 (33.13%) SQL
4 1,967 (31.42%) Java 8
5 727 (11.61%) Python
6 541 (8.64%) Scala
7 471 (7.52%) PHP
8 362 (5.78%) C#
9 256 (4.09%) PL/SQL
10 247 (3.95%) C++
11 230 (3.67%) Groovy
12 207 (3.31%) Ruby
13 156 (2.49%) C
14 153 (2.44%) Shell Script
15 143 (2.28%) Kotlin
16 130 (2.08%) Go
17 124 (1.98%) TypeScript
18 121 (1.93%) Java 9
19 102 (1.63%) Perl
20 101 (1.61%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 898 (14.35%) Degree
2 264 (4.22%) Computer Science Degree
3 154 (2.46%) Security Cleared
4 70 (1.12%) Master's Degree
5 68 (1.09%) SC Cleared
6 67 (1.07%) DV Cleared
7 39 (0.62%) Numerate Degree
8 28 (0.45%) PhD
9 11 (0.18%) AWS Certification
10 10 (0.16%) OCPJP
10 10 (0.16%) Sun Certification
11 9 (0.14%) ISEB
11 9 (0.14%) ISTQB
12 8 (0.13%) DBS Check
12 8 (0.13%) Oracle Certification
13 7 (0.11%) HND
14 6 (0.096%) Chartered Engineer
14 6 (0.096%) CITP
15 5 (0.080%) BPSS Clearance
16 4 (0.064%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 318 (5.08%) QA
2 51 (0.81%) GCP
3 32 (0.51%) PCI DSS
4 16 (0.26%) GDPR
5 11 (0.18%) SLA
6 9 (0.14%) ISO 9001
7 6 (0.096%) PMO
7 6 (0.096%) Web Application Security Consortium
8 5 (0.080%) Data Quality
9 4 (0.064%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 4 (0.064%) MiFID
9 4 (0.064%) PA-DSS
9 4 (0.064%) PSD2
10 3 (0.048%) ISO 20022
10 3 (0.048%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 2 (0.032%) SEPA
12 1 (0.016%) DICOM
12 1 (0.016%) HL7
System Software
1 1,168 (18.66%) Docker
2 31 (0.50%) HDFS
3 27 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 27 (0.43%) VMware Infrastructure
4 26 (0.42%) GridGain
5 19 (0.30%) Hyper-V
6 12 (0.19%) Active Directory
7 11 (0.18%) Apache Flume
8 7 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
9 3 (0.048%) LXC
9 3 (0.048%) Oracle RAC
10 1 (0.016%) Firmware
10 1 (0.016%) vCloud
10 1 (0.016%) VirtualBox
10 1 (0.016%) VMware Workstation
10 1 (0.016%) vSphere
10 1 (0.016%) Xen
Systems Management
1 401 (6.41%) Kubernetes
2 385 (6.15%) Ansible
3 292 (4.66%) Puppet
4 161 (2.57%) Opscode Chef
5 158 (2.52%) Terraform
6 39 (0.62%) Salt
7 33 (0.53%) Prometheus
8 31 (0.50%) Marathon
9 27 (0.43%) Nagios
10 26 (0.42%) Cobbler
11 24 (0.38%) Kibana
11 24 (0.38%) logstash
12 19 (0.30%) Docker Swarm
13 18 (0.29%) Rancher
14 12 (0.19%) ZABBIX
15 10 (0.16%) Mesos
16 8 (0.13%) Graphite
16 8 (0.13%) Packer
17 7 (0.11%) Tivoli
18 6 (0.096%) Consul
Vendors
1 1,178 (18.82%) Oracle
2 236 (3.77%) Google
3 189 (3.02%) IBM
4 184 (2.94%) Sybase
5 161 (2.57%) SAP
6 160 (2.56%) Red Hat
7 135 (2.16%) Microsoft
8 126 (2.01%) Splunk
9 120 (1.92%) hybris
10 87 (1.39%) AppDynamics
11 78 (1.25%) Capita
12 69 (1.10%) TIBCO
13 63 (1.01%) WorldPay
14 62 (0.99%) Atlassian
15 53 (0.85%) Adobe
16 48 (0.77%) Cognizant
17 46 (0.73%) Salesforce.com
18 40 (0.64%) VMware
19 26 (0.42%) Apple
19 26 (0.42%) BEA