Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
England > London
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 605 497 599
Rank change year-on-year -108 +102 +41
Permanent jobs citing SANS 82 76 157
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 0.18% 0.26% 0.27%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.02% 1.28% 1.31%
Number of salaries quoted 72 67 134
10th Percentile £57,500 £41,250 £41,250
25th Percentile £70,000 £44,686 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £85,000 £52,500 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year +61.90% -30.00% +15.38%
75th Percentile £90,313 £77,500 £90,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £106,375
England median annual salary £70,000 £55,000 £62,332
% change year-on-year +27.27% -11.76% +8.40%

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 8,060 5,929 12,020
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 17.89% 20.15% 20.87%
Number of salaries quoted 5,145 4,490 9,146
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £31,250
25th Percentile £48,750 £46,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +4.35%
75th Percentile £85,000 £80,938 £80,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £101,250 £96,250
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SANS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in London

SANS
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SANS in London.

Salary trend for SANS in London

SANS
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing SANS in London over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Salary histogram for SANS in London

SANS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the London region over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -8 7 £72,500 +45.00% 3
East London - 1 £50,000 - 1
South London - 1 £37,500 -
SANS
England

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for SANS.

1 43 (52.44%) Cybersecurity
2 41 (50.00%) CISSP
2 41 (50.00%) Social Skills
3 34 (41.46%) Information Security
4 31 (37.80%) OWASP
5 29 (35.37%) Finance
6 28 (34.15%) Agile Software Development
6 28 (34.15%) Test Automation
7 27 (32.93%) QA
7 27 (32.93%) Docker
8 26 (31.71%) HTML5
8 26 (31.71%) CSS3
8 26 (31.71%) HTML
8 26 (31.71%) JavaScript
8 26 (31.71%) CSS
8 26 (31.71%) User Experience
8 26 (31.71%) React
8 26 (31.71%) ES6
8 26 (31.71%) ES7
9 25 (30.49%) Sketch
9 25 (30.49%) InVision
9 25 (30.49%) PostCSS
9 25 (30.49%) Kotlin
9 25 (30.49%) Spring Boot
9 25 (30.49%) Microservices
9 25 (30.49%) GraphQL
9 25 (30.49%) Web Components
9 25 (30.49%) Puppeteer
9 25 (30.49%) Java 11
9 25 (30.49%) Java

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 2 (2.44%) Apache Spark
1 2 (2.44%) Confluence
Applications
1 25 (30.49%) InVision
1 25 (30.49%) Sketch
2 5 (6.10%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (6.10%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (6.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (2.44%) Gephi
Business Applications
1 1 (1.22%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 15 (18.29%) AWS
2 8 (9.76%) Microsoft 365
3 7 (8.54%) Azure
4 5 (6.10%) Akamai
4 5 (6.10%) Serverless
5 4 (4.88%) Azure Active Directory
6 2 (2.44%) GCP
7 1 (1.22%) Amazon EKS
7 1 (1.22%) Amazon GuardDuty
7 1 (1.22%) Azure Sentinel
7 1 (1.22%) OpenShift
7 1 (1.22%) PaaS
7 1 (1.22%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 16 (19.51%) Firewall
2 6 (7.32%) DNS
2 6 (7.32%) VPN
3 4 (4.88%) DHCP
3 4 (4.88%) Intrusion Detection
3 4 (4.88%) IPsec
3 4 (4.88%) SAN
4 3 (3.66%) HTTP
5 2 (2.44%) CHAP
5 2 (2.44%) Ethernet
5 2 (2.44%) Internet
5 2 (2.44%) MPLS
5 2 (2.44%) SSL
6 1 (1.22%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4 (4.88%) Big Data
2 2 (2.44%) Apache Hive
2 2 (2.44%) Blockchain
2 2 (2.44%) DB2
2 2 (2.44%) Impala
Development Applications
1 25 (30.49%) Cypress.io
1 25 (30.49%) PostCSS
1 25 (30.49%) Selenium
2 24 (29.27%) Git (software)
3 4 (4.88%) JIRA
4 2 (2.44%) Bitbucket
4 2 (2.44%) Bitbucket Server
4 2 (2.44%) git-flow
5 1 (1.22%) Burp Suite
5 1 (1.22%) IDA Disassembler
5 1 (1.22%) Metasploit
General
1 41 (50.00%) Social Skills
2 29 (35.37%) Finance
3 9 (10.98%) Legal
3 9 (10.98%) Presentation Skills
4 8 (9.76%) French Language
5 5 (6.10%) Analytical Skills
5 5 (6.10%) Banking
5 5 (6.10%) Public Speaking
6 2 (2.44%) Financial Institution
7 1 (1.22%) Influencing Skills
7 1 (1.22%) Marketing
7 1 (1.22%) Public Sector
7 1 (1.22%) Retail
7 1 (1.22%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 25 (30.49%) Developer
1 25 (30.49%) React Developer
2 13 (15.85%) Full Stack Developer
2 13 (15.85%) Security Engineer
3 12 (14.63%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 12 (14.63%) Java Developer
4 11 (13.41%) Senior Developer
4 11 (13.41%) Senior React Developer
5 10 (12.20%) Consultant
5 10 (12.20%) Senior Front-End Developer
6 6 (7.32%) Analyst
6 6 (7.32%) Information Security Consultant
6 6 (7.32%) IT Engineer
6 6 (7.32%) IT Security Engineer
6 6 (7.32%) Security Consultant
6 6 (7.32%) UI Developer
7 5 (6.10%) Penetration Tester
7 5 (6.10%) Security Architect
7 5 (6.10%) Security Manager
7 5 (6.10%) Senior Security Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 26 (31.71%) CSS
1 26 (31.71%) CSS3
1 26 (31.71%) HTML
1 26 (31.71%) HTML5
1 26 (31.71%) React
2 25 (30.49%) GraphQL
2 25 (30.49%) Puppeteer
2 25 (30.49%) Sass
2 25 (30.49%) Spring
2 25 (30.49%) Spring Boot
2 25 (30.49%) Twitter Bootstrap
2 25 (30.49%) Web Components
3 10 (12.20%) Node.js
4 4 (4.88%) AngularJS
5 3 (3.66%) SailPoint
6 2 (2.44%) Elastic Stack
6 2 (2.44%) Kafka
6 2 (2.44%) Middleware
7 1 (1.22%) SAML
7 1 (1.22%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 26 (31.71%) User Experience
2 7 (8.54%) Cyberthreat
2 7 (8.54%) Management Information System
2 7 (8.54%) Virtual Team
3 6 (7.32%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
4 4 (4.88%) PKI
4 4 (4.88%) Public Cloud
5 3 (3.66%) Cyber Defence
5 3 (3.66%) Cyber Kill Chain
6 2 (2.44%) Analytical Mindset
7 1 (1.22%) Blog
7 1 (1.22%) Cloud Native
7 1 (1.22%) Cyberattack
7 1 (1.22%) Data Centre
7 1 (1.22%) Data Protection Act
7 1 (1.22%) Enterprise Storage
7 1 (1.22%) Podcast
7 1 (1.22%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 17 (20.73%) Linux
2 14 (17.07%) Windows
3 12 (14.63%) Mac OS
4 7 (8.54%) Unix
5 3 (3.66%) Windows 10
5 3 (3.66%) Windows Server
5 3 (3.66%) Windows Server 2012
6 2 (2.44%) AIX
6 2 (2.44%) Kali Linux
7 1 (1.22%) Apple iOS
7 1 (1.22%) CentOS
7 1 (1.22%) Fedora
7 1 (1.22%) Mac OS X
7 1 (1.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (1.22%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 43 (52.44%) Cybersecurity
2 34 (41.46%) Information Security
3 31 (37.80%) OWASP
4 28 (34.15%) Agile Software Development
4 28 (34.15%) Test Automation
5 25 (30.49%) Microservices
6 23 (28.05%) Continuous Delivery
6 23 (28.05%) Continuous Integration
6 23 (28.05%) TDD
7 22 (26.83%) DevOps
7 22 (26.83%) Security Architecture
7 22 (26.83%) Software Engineering
8 18 (21.95%) SIEM
9 14 (17.07%) Security Monitoring
9 14 (17.07%) Vulnerability Management
10 12 (14.63%) Front End Development
11 11 (13.41%) Risk Management
11 11 (13.41%) Security Operations
12 10 (12.20%) Risk Assessment
12 10 (12.20%) Threat Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 26 (31.71%) ES6
1 26 (31.71%) ES7
1 26 (31.71%) JavaScript
2 25 (30.49%) Java
2 25 (30.49%) Java 11
2 25 (30.49%) Kotlin
2 25 (30.49%) Scala
2 25 (30.49%) TypeScript
3 12 (14.63%) Python
4 8 (9.76%) Go
5 4 (4.88%) Bash Shell
6 3 (3.66%) C
6 3 (3.66%) Perl
7 2 (2.44%) PowerShell
7 2 (2.44%) R
Qualifications
1 41 (50.00%) CISSP
2 23 (28.05%) CISM
3 20 (24.39%) CompTIA Security+
4 15 (18.29%) GIAC
5 14 (17.07%) CISA
6 10 (12.20%) Degree
7 9 (10.98%) Security Cleared
8 8 (9.76%) Computer Science Degree
8 8 (9.76%) DV Cleared
9 7 (8.54%) CEH
10 6 (7.32%) CESG Certified Professional
10 6 (7.32%) OSCE
10 6 (7.32%) PCI QSA
11 5 (6.10%) OSCP
12 4 (4.88%) Cisco Certification
12 4 (4.88%) CREST Certified
12 4 (4.88%) EC-Council LPT
12 4 (4.88%) GXPN
12 4 (4.88%) Microsoft Certification
12 4 (4.88%) OSWP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (32.93%) QA
2 25 (30.49%) WCAG
3 12 (14.63%) GDPR
4 10 (12.20%) NIST
5 7 (8.54%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 7 (8.54%) PCI DSS
6 6 (7.32%) NCSC
7 5 (6.10%) Government Security Classifications
7 5 (6.10%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 5 (6.10%) ISO/IEC 27005
7 5 (6.10%) JSP 440
7 5 (6.10%) NIST 800
7 5 (6.10%) PA-DSS
7 5 (6.10%) RMADS
8 3 (3.66%) COBIT
9 1 (1.22%) Actionable Recommendations
9 1 (1.22%) COSO
9 1 (1.22%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (1.22%) GLBA
9 1 (1.22%) HIPAA
System Software
1 27 (32.93%) Docker
2 4 (4.88%) Active Directory
3 2 (2.44%) Apache Flume
4 1 (1.22%) NFS
4 1 (1.22%) Samba
4 1 (1.22%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (1.22%) VirtualBox
4 1 (1.22%) VMware ESXi
4 1 (1.22%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (1.22%) Xen
Systems Management
1 24 (29.27%) Kubernetes
2 10 (12.20%) Kibana
3 9 (10.98%) QRadar
4 4 (4.88%) Computer Incident Response Team
4 4 (4.88%) Terraform
5 3 (3.66%) Active Directory Federation Services
5 3 (3.66%) CSIRT
6 2 (2.44%) Oozie
7 1 (1.22%) Ansible
7 1 (1.22%) Docker Swarm
7 1 (1.22%) EnCase
7 1 (1.22%) Nagios
7 1 (1.22%) Nessus
7 1 (1.22%) Nmap
7 1 (1.22%) OpenNMS
7 1 (1.22%) Puppet
7 1 (1.22%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (1.22%) vCenter Server
7 1 (1.22%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 19 (23.17%) Microsoft
2 11 (13.41%) Splunk
3 3 (3.66%) Citrix
3 3 (3.66%) CyberArk
3 3 (3.66%) ForgeRock
4 2 (2.44%) Atlassian
4 2 (2.44%) BT
4 2 (2.44%) Qualys
5 1 (1.22%) Alibaba
5 1 (1.22%) Cloudera
5 1 (1.22%) Dell
5 1 (1.22%) EMC
5 1 (1.22%) Google
5 1 (1.22%) Hortonworks
5 1 (1.22%) NetApp
5 1 (1.22%) Okta
5 1 (1.22%) Red Hat
5 1 (1.22%) SolarWinds
5 1 (1.22%) VMware