Period
to 19 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 19 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
England > London
6 months to
19 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 638 675 670
Rank change year-on-year +37 -5 +105
Permanent jobs citing SANS 163 178 187
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 0.24% 0.24% 0.25%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.11% 1.05% 1.02%
Number of salaries quoted 114 151 162
London median annual salary £65,000 £70,000 £66,250
Median salary % change year-on-year -7.14% +5.66% +1.92%
10th Percentile £40,000 £40,500 £43,750
90th Percentile £93,750 £95,000 £85,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £57,500 £57,500
% change year-on-year -4.35% - -4.17%

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 14,679 16,922 18,274
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 21.93% 22.64% 24.21%
Number of salaries quoted 11,007 12,594 15,171
London median annual salary £60,000 £55,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.11% +0.91% +1.85%
10th Percentile £31,000 £30,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £87,500
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +2.22%

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SANS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in London

SANS
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SANS in London.

Salary trend for SANS in London

SANS
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SANS in London over the 6 months to 19 November 2018.

Salary histogram for SANS in London

SANS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the London region over the 6 months to 19 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -7 18 £72,500 +3.57% 10
West London +20 3 £70,000 -30.00% 4
South London -3 1 £56,000 -10.40%
North London - 1 £85,000 -
SANS
England

For the 6 months to 19 November 2018, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for SANS.

1 114 (69.94%) Cybersecurity
2 101 (61.96%) CISSP
3 85 (52.15%) Information Security
4 71 (43.56%) Firewall
5 66 (40.49%) Penetration Testing
6 65 (39.88%) GIAC
7 63 (38.65%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 55 (33.74%) Linux
9 54 (33.13%) Windows
10 50 (30.67%) CISM
11 46 (28.22%) SIEM
12 44 (26.99%) TCP/IP
13 41 (25.15%) Intrusion Detection
14 40 (24.54%) Vulnerability Management
15 36 (22.09%) Problem-Solving
16 34 (20.86%) Security Cleared
17 32 (19.63%) CISA
17 32 (19.63%) C
17 32 (19.63%) OWASP
18 31 (19.02%) CEH
19 30 (18.40%) PowerShell
19 30 (18.40%) Python
19 30 (18.40%) Cisco Certification
19 30 (18.40%) Malware Analysis
20 29 (17.79%) Security Operations
21 28 (17.18%) Unix
21 28 (17.18%) C++
22 27 (16.56%) Threat Intelligence
23 25 (15.34%) Finance
23 25 (15.34%) Ethical Hacking

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 9 (5.52%) Apache Pig
2 1 (0.61%) CMS
2 1 (0.61%) Exchange Server 2013
2 1 (0.61%) IIS
2 1 (0.61%) MS Exchange
2 1 (0.61%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 2 (1.23%) Microsoft Office
Cloud Services
1 19 (11.66%) Amazon AWS
2 17 (10.43%) Google Cloud Platform
3 14 (8.59%) Microsoft Azure
4 13 (7.98%) Office 365
5 9 (5.52%) Mimecast
6 8 (4.91%) Serverless
7 3 (1.84%) SaaS
8 2 (1.23%) Google Drive
8 2 (1.23%) OpenDNS
9 1 (0.61%) IaaS
9 1 (0.61%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 71 (43.56%) Firewall
2 44 (26.99%) TCP/IP
3 41 (25.15%) Intrusion Detection
4 16 (9.82%) HTTP
4 16 (9.82%) SSL
5 14 (8.59%) Internet
6 13 (7.98%) Network Security
7 8 (4.91%) Wireless
8 7 (4.29%) FCoE
8 7 (4.29%) SNMP
8 7 (4.29%) Wireshark
9 5 (3.07%) DNS
10 4 (2.45%) Cisco Firepower
10 4 (2.45%) IPsec
10 4 (2.45%) Reverse Proxy
10 4 (2.45%) SMTP
11 3 (1.84%) Cisco IPT
11 3 (1.84%) VoIP
12 2 (1.23%) SAN
13 1 (0.61%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 13 (7.98%) Big Data
2 9 (5.52%) Apache Hive
2 9 (5.52%) Hadoop
3 8 (4.91%) MySQL
3 8 (4.91%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 15 (9.20%) JIRA
2 8 (4.91%) Atlassian Bamboo
2 8 (4.91%) Bitbucket
2 8 (4.91%) CodeSonar
2 8 (4.91%) Git (software)
2 8 (4.91%) git-flow
2 8 (4.91%) Robot Framework
2 8 (4.91%) Selenium
3 7 (4.29%) Metasploit
3 7 (4.29%) Redmine
4 1 (0.61%) AppScan
4 1 (0.61%) SonarQube
General
1 25 (15.34%) Finance
2 16 (9.82%) Legal
3 11 (6.75%) Retail
4 9 (5.52%) Banking
5 8 (4.91%) Games
5 8 (4.91%) Marketing
6 5 (3.07%) Local Government
7 4 (2.45%) Pharmaceutical
8 3 (1.84%) Telecoms
9 2 (1.23%) Electronics
9 2 (1.23%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 46 (28.22%) Analyst
2 41 (25.15%) Security Analyst
3 37 (22.70%) Cybersecurity Analyst
4 34 (20.86%) Security Engineer
5 20 (12.27%) Consultant
6 19 (11.66%) Security Consultant
6 19 (11.66%) Senior Analyst
7 15 (9.20%) Senior Security Analyst
8 14 (8.59%) Architect
9 13 (7.98%) Security Architect
10 12 (7.36%) Senior Cybersecurity Analyst
11 11 (6.75%) Java Engineer
11 11 (6.75%) Senior Security Engineer
12 9 (5.52%) Cybersecurity Consultant
13 8 (4.91%) Applications Engineer
13 8 (4.91%) Cybersecurity Engineer
13 8 (4.91%) Information Security Engineer
13 8 (4.91%) Penetration Tester
13 8 (4.91%) Software Engineer
13 8 (4.91%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13 (7.98%) .NET
2 12 (7.36%) Node.js
2 12 (7.36%) Regular Expression
2 12 (7.36%) SOAP
3 9 (5.52%) Java EE
3 9 (5.52%) Web Services
4 8 (4.91%) .NET Framework
4 8 (4.91%) ASP.NET
4 8 (4.91%) Django
4 8 (4.91%) LAMP
4 8 (4.91%) RabbitMQ
4 8 (4.91%) REST
4 8 (4.91%) Spring MVC
4 8 (4.91%) STL
Miscellaneous
1 24 (14.72%) Analytical Skills
2 22 (13.50%) Management Information System
3 19 (11.66%) Computer Science
4 12 (7.36%) Cyber Defence
5 11 (6.75%) Fintech
6 9 (5.52%) Cyber Kill Chain
6 9 (5.52%) Cyberthreat
7 7 (4.29%) Algorithms
8 6 (3.68%) Cybercrime
8 6 (3.68%) PKI
9 4 (2.45%) Cloud Native
9 4 (2.45%) Cyberattack
9 4 (2.45%) User Experience
10 3 (1.84%) Data Structures
11 2 (1.23%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 2 (1.23%) Internet of Things
11 2 (1.23%) Online Banking
11 2 (1.23%) Self-Motivation
12 1 (0.61%) Private Cloud
12 1 (0.61%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 55 (33.74%) Linux
2 54 (33.13%) Windows
3 28 (17.18%) Unix
4 12 (7.36%) Mac OS X
5 9 (5.52%) Android
5 9 (5.52%) Apple iOS
6 7 (4.29%) Kali Linux
7 5 (3.07%) Debian
7 5 (3.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 4 (2.45%) Solaris
9 1 (0.61%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 114 (69.94%) Cybersecurity
2 85 (52.15%) Information Security
3 66 (40.49%) Penetration Testing
4 46 (28.22%) SIEM
5 40 (24.54%) Vulnerability Management
6 36 (22.09%) Problem-Solving
7 32 (19.63%) OWASP
8 30 (18.40%) Malware Analysis
9 29 (17.79%) Security Operations
10 27 (16.56%) Threat Intelligence
11 25 (15.34%) Ethical Hacking
12 23 (14.11%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
13 21 (12.88%) Digital Forensics
13 21 (12.88%) Reverse Engineering
14 19 (11.66%) Analytics
14 19 (11.66%) Security Architecture
15 18 (11.04%) Risk Management
15 18 (11.04%) Stakeholder Management
15 18 (11.04%) Systems Engineering
15 18 (11.04%) Threat Detection
Programming Languages
1 32 (19.63%) C
2 30 (18.40%) PowerShell
2 30 (18.40%) Python
3 28 (17.18%) C++
4 24 (14.72%) Java
4 24 (14.72%) SQL
5 20 (12.27%) Bash Shell
5 20 (12.27%) C#
6 12 (7.36%) VB
7 11 (6.75%) Perl
8 8 (4.91%) JavaScript
8 8 (4.91%) Objective-C
8 8 (4.91%) PHP
9 7 (4.29%) Korn
9 7 (4.29%) Ruby
10 3 (1.84%) Go
11 2 (1.23%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 101 (61.96%) CISSP
2 65 (39.88%) GIAC
3 50 (30.67%) CISM
4 34 (20.86%) Security Cleared
5 32 (19.63%) CISA
6 31 (19.02%) CEH
7 30 (18.40%) Cisco Certification
8 25 (15.34%) GCIH
9 24 (14.72%) CCNA
9 24 (14.72%) GCIA
10 20 (12.27%) Network+ Certification
10 20 (12.27%) SSCP
11 19 (11.66%) CompTIA Security+
11 19 (11.66%) Degree
12 17 (10.43%) Microsoft Certification
12 17 (10.43%) SC Cleared
13 16 (9.82%) Linux+ Certification
13 16 (9.82%) MCSE
14 15 (9.20%) DV Cleared
15 13 (7.98%) CREST Certified
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 63 (38.65%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 20 (12.27%) GDPR
3 18 (11.04%) PCI DSS
4 10 (6.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 8 (4.91%) Cyber Essentials
6 4 (2.45%) FIPS 140-2
7 2 (1.23%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 2 (1.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.61%) COBIT
8 1 (0.61%) NIST 800
8 1 (0.61%) Web Application Security Consortium
System Software
1 12 (7.36%) Docker
2 9 (5.52%) vSphere
3 7 (4.29%) NFS
3 7 (4.29%) Samba
3 7 (4.29%) Snort
3 7 (4.29%) VMware ESXi
3 7 (4.29%) VMware NSX
4 2 (1.23%) Squid
5 1 (0.61%) Active Directory
5 1 (0.61%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 15 (9.20%) CSIRT
1 15 (9.20%) Puppet
2 12 (7.36%) Host Intrusion Detection System
3 11 (6.75%) Nessus
4 9 (5.52%) Norton AntiVirus
4 9 (5.52%) QRadar
5 8 (4.91%) Salt
6 7 (4.29%) Ansible
6 7 (4.29%) CASB
6 7 (4.29%) EnCase
6 7 (4.29%) FTK
6 7 (4.29%) Nagios
6 7 (4.29%) Nexpose
6 7 (4.29%) Suricata
6 7 (4.29%) vCenter Server
7 4 (2.45%) Kubernetes
7 4 (2.45%) Single Sign-On
8 2 (1.23%) AirWatch
8 2 (1.23%) Computer Incident Response Team
8 2 (1.23%) RSA Security Analytics
Vendors
1 22 (13.50%) Microsoft
2 19 (11.66%) Google
2 19 (11.66%) Symantec
3 18 (11.04%) Cisco
4 15 (9.20%) McAfee
4 15 (9.20%) Splunk
5 14 (8.59%) Forcepoint
6 12 (7.36%) Sun
7 11 (6.75%) Palo Alto
8 10 (6.13%) CyberArk
8 10 (6.13%) VMware
9 9 (5.52%) ArcSight
9 9 (5.52%) CheckPoint
9 9 (5.52%) LogRhythm
9 9 (5.52%) Qualys
10 7 (4.29%) Bomgar
10 7 (4.29%) FireEye
10 7 (4.29%) NetWitness
10 7 (4.29%) ServiceNow
10 7 (4.29%) Thycotic