Period
to 22 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 22 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
England > London
6 months to
22 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 585 659 690
Rank change year-on-year +74 +31 +1
Permanent jobs citing SANS 146 167 161
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 0.26% 0.24% 0.22%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.28% 1.06% 0.95%
Number of salaries quoted 127 120 136
London median annual salary £75,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +15.38% +4.00% -
10th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £42,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £105,000 £87,500
England median annual salary £65,000 £55,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +18.18% -8.33% +9.09%

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 11,437 15,811 16,951
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 20.43% 22.89% 22.93%
Number of salaries quoted 8,566 11,725 12,677
London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.09% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £30,150
90th Percentile £95,000 £93,750 £87,500
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £46,500
% change year-on-year - +7.53% -2.11%

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SANS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in London

SANS
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SANS in London.

Salary trend for SANS in London

SANS
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SANS in London over the 6 months to 22 August 2019.

Salary histogram for SANS in London

SANS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the London region over the 6 months to 22 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +34 26 £75,000 +3.45% 1
West London +18 3 £105,000 +50.00% 3
East London +30 1 £75,000 +18.11% 1
SANS
England

For the 6 months to 22 August 2019, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for SANS.

1 93 (63.70%) Cybersecurity
2 81 (55.48%) CISSP
3 67 (45.89%) Information Security
4 63 (43.15%) Security Operations
5 49 (33.56%) Finance
6 48 (32.88%) OWASP
6 48 (32.88%) SIEM
7 46 (31.51%) Penetration Testing
7 46 (31.51%) GIAC
8 45 (30.82%) Firewall
9 40 (27.40%) Degree
10 39 (26.71%) AWS
10 39 (26.71%) Cisco Certification
11 37 (25.34%) Azure
11 37 (25.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 36 (24.66%) Vulnerability Management
13 35 (23.97%) DevOps
13 35 (23.97%) Linux
14 31 (21.23%) CISM
15 30 (20.55%) Problem-Solving
16 29 (19.86%) Windows
17 28 (19.18%) Threat Intelligence
18 27 (18.49%) SDLC
18 27 (18.49%) CEH
19 26 (17.81%) Computer Science
19 26 (17.81%) CISA
19 26 (17.81%) NIST
20 25 (17.12%) Splunk
20 25 (17.12%) Security Testing
21 24 (16.44%) Qualys

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 9 (6.16%) Confluence
2 5 (3.42%) Apache Spark
2 5 (3.42%) Elasticsearch
2 5 (3.42%) OpenStack
3 2 (1.37%) Apache
3 2 (1.37%) IIS
4 1 (0.68%) nginx
Applications
1 2 (1.37%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (1.37%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 39 (26.71%) AWS
2 37 (25.34%) Azure
3 14 (9.59%) Office 365
4 8 (5.48%) IaaS
4 8 (5.48%) PaaS
4 8 (5.48%) SaaS
5 7 (4.79%) GCP
6 5 (3.42%) OpenShift
7 2 (1.37%) Akamai
7 2 (1.37%) Apigee
7 2 (1.37%) G Suite
8 1 (0.68%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 45 (30.82%) Firewall
2 19 (13.01%) Intrusion Detection
3 17 (11.64%) Internet
4 16 (10.96%) TCP/IP
5 13 (8.90%) VPN
6 11 (7.53%) VoIP
7 9 (6.16%) Network Security
8 7 (4.79%) HTTPS
9 5 (3.42%) DNS
10 4 (2.74%) Cisco ASA
10 4 (2.74%) SSL
11 3 (2.05%) Cisco Firepower
11 3 (2.05%) HTTP
11 3 (2.05%) SMTP
11 3 (2.05%) Wireless
11 3 (2.05%) Wireshark
12 2 (1.37%) BIG-IP
12 2 (1.37%) DHCP
12 2 (1.37%) IPsec
12 2 (1.37%) tcpdump
Database & Business Intelligence
1 6 (4.11%) Big Data
2 5 (3.42%) DB2
2 5 (3.42%) MongoDB
3 1 (0.68%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 14 (9.59%) Bitbucket
1 14 (9.59%) Git (software)
1 14 (9.59%) JIRA
2 7 (4.79%) Burp Suite
3 6 (4.11%) SonarQube
4 5 (3.42%) git-flow
5 3 (2.05%) Jenkins
6 2 (1.37%) Fiddler
7 1 (0.68%) JUnit
7 1 (0.68%) Subversion
General
1 49 (33.56%) Finance
2 14 (9.59%) Banking
3 10 (6.85%) Multimedia
4 9 (6.16%) Public Sector
5 8 (5.48%) Retail
6 6 (4.11%) Legal
7 5 (3.42%) Marketing
7 5 (3.42%) Telecoms
8 3 (2.05%) Games
9 2 (1.37%) Private Banking
9 2 (1.37%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.68%) Brand Awareness
10 1 (0.68%) Law
10 1 (0.68%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 34 (23.29%) Analyst
2 31 (21.23%) Security Analyst
3 29 (19.86%) Cybersecurity Analyst
4 25 (17.12%) Security Engineer
5 15 (10.27%) Security Manager
6 13 (8.90%) Tester
7 12 (8.22%) Information Security Engineer
8 11 (7.53%) IT Manager
8 11 (7.53%) Penetration Tester
9 10 (6.85%) Multimedia Analyst
10 9 (6.16%) Cloud Engineer
10 9 (6.16%) IT Security Manager
11 8 (5.48%) DevOps Engineer
11 8 (5.48%) Security Tester
12 7 (4.79%) Applications Tester
12 7 (4.79%) Architect
12 7 (4.79%) Security Architect
12 7 (4.79%) SOC Analyst
13 6 (4.11%) Developer
13 6 (4.11%) Security Penetration Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 15 (10.27%) .NET
2 14 (9.59%) Web Services
3 9 (6.16%) OAuth
3 9 (6.16%) SAML
3 9 (6.16%) XMPP
4 5 (3.42%) AngularJS
4 5 (3.42%) ASP.NET
4 5 (3.42%) GraphQL
4 5 (3.42%) Kafka
4 5 (3.42%) Node.js
4 5 (3.42%) React
4 5 (3.42%) REST
4 5 (3.42%) Spring
4 5 (3.42%) Spring MVC
4 5 (3.42%) Vue.js
5 2 (1.37%) .NET Core
5 2 (1.37%) HTML
6 1 (0.68%) Elastic Stack
6 1 (0.68%) JSON
6 1 (0.68%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 24 (16.44%) Security Operations Centre
2 23 (15.75%) Analytical Skills
3 9 (6.16%) Cyberthreat
4 8 (5.48%) Management Information System
5 6 (4.11%) Mobile App
6 5 (3.42%) CMDB
6 5 (3.42%) Cyber Kill Chain
6 5 (3.42%) Fat Client
6 5 (3.42%) Social Media
6 5 (3.42%) Thin Client
7 4 (2.74%) Life Science
8 3 (2.05%) Cyberattack
9 2 (1.37%) Cyber Defence
9 2 (1.37%) Cybercrime
9 2 (1.37%) Linux Command Line
9 2 (1.37%) Mobile Payment
9 2 (1.37%) PKI
9 2 (1.37%) Public Cloud
9 2 (1.37%) Renewable Energy
9 2 (1.37%) Smart Home
Operating Systems
1 35 (23.97%) Linux
2 29 (19.86%) Windows
3 14 (9.59%) Android
3 14 (9.59%) Apple iOS
4 10 (6.85%) Windows 10
5 8 (5.48%) Unix
6 2 (1.37%) CentOS
6 2 (1.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.68%) Debian
7 1 (0.68%) Fedora
7 1 (0.68%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.68%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.68%) Windows 7
7 1 (0.68%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 93 (63.70%) Cybersecurity
2 67 (45.89%) Information Security
3 63 (43.15%) Security Operations
4 48 (32.88%) OWASP
4 48 (32.88%) SIEM
5 46 (31.51%) Penetration Testing
6 36 (24.66%) Vulnerability Management
7 35 (23.97%) DevOps
8 30 (20.55%) Problem-Solving
9 28 (19.18%) Threat Intelligence
10 27 (18.49%) SDLC
11 26 (17.81%) Computer Science
12 25 (17.12%) Security Testing
13 23 (15.75%) Security Architecture
14 22 (15.07%) Fintech
15 21 (14.38%) Microservices
16 20 (13.70%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
17 18 (12.33%) Reverse Engineering
17 18 (12.33%) Software Engineering
18 17 (11.64%) Risk Management
Programming Languages
1 20 (13.70%) C++
1 20 (13.70%) Python
2 18 (12.33%) Bash Shell
2 18 (12.33%) PowerShell
3 15 (10.27%) Java
4 10 (6.85%) C#
5 9 (6.16%) C
5 9 (6.16%) Objective-C
5 9 (6.16%) Perl
6 6 (4.11%) SQL
7 4 (2.74%) Shell Script
8 2 (1.37%) JavaScript
8 2 (1.37%) PHP
9 1 (0.68%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 81 (55.48%) CISSP
2 46 (31.51%) GIAC
3 40 (27.40%) Degree
4 39 (26.71%) Cisco Certification
5 31 (21.23%) CISM
6 27 (18.49%) CEH
7 26 (17.81%) CISA
8 23 (15.75%) CCNA
9 18 (12.33%) Security Cleared
10 16 (10.96%) Computer Science Degree
11 15 (10.27%) OSCP
12 14 (9.59%) Network+ Certification
13 11 (7.53%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 11 (7.53%) CSSLP
14 10 (6.85%) CCNP
14 10 (6.85%) GCIA
14 10 (6.85%) GCIH
14 10 (6.85%) GPEN
14 10 (6.85%) GSEC
15 8 (5.48%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (25.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 26 (17.81%) NIST
3 23 (15.75%) PCI DSS
4 10 (6.85%) GDPR
5 3 (2.05%) COBIT
6 2 (1.37%) Cyber Essentials
6 2 (1.37%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 2 (1.37%) NCSC
System Software
1 17 (11.64%) Docker
2 8 (5.48%) Active Directory
3 2 (1.37%) Hyper-V
3 2 (1.37%) ProxySG
3 2 (1.37%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.68%) BitLocker
4 1 (0.68%) NFS
4 1 (0.68%) Samba
4 1 (0.68%) VirtualBox
4 1 (0.68%) VMware ESXi
4 1 (0.68%) Xen
Systems Management
1 13 (8.90%) Nessus
2 12 (8.22%) Ansible
2 12 (8.22%) QRadar
3 8 (5.48%) Kubernetes
4 7 (4.79%) CSIRT
5 6 (4.11%) Computer Incident Response Team
6 4 (2.74%) Norton AntiVirus
7 2 (1.37%) CASB
7 2 (1.37%) HAProxy
7 2 (1.37%) Microsoft Intune
7 2 (1.37%) SCCM
8 1 (0.68%) Cisco CUCM
8 1 (0.68%) Docker Swarm
8 1 (0.68%) Nagios
8 1 (0.68%) OpenNMS
8 1 (0.68%) Puppet
8 1 (0.68%) SELinux
8 1 (0.68%) vCenter Server
8 1 (0.68%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 25 (17.12%) Splunk
2 24 (16.44%) Qualys
3 15 (10.27%) Microsoft
4 13 (8.90%) Symantec
5 12 (8.22%) ArcSight
5 12 (8.22%) LogRhythm
6 11 (7.53%) Darktrace
7 10 (6.85%) Cisco
8 9 (6.16%) Atlassian
8 9 (6.16%) Google
8 9 (6.16%) McAfee
9 8 (5.48%) Palo Alto
10 7 (4.79%) IBM
11 5 (3.42%) Meraki
11 5 (3.42%) Oracle
11 5 (3.42%) Remedy
12 4 (2.74%) Juniper
13 3 (2.05%) Blue Coat
13 3 (2.05%) VMware
14 2 (1.37%) Zscaler