Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
England > London
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 626 412 639
Rank change year-on-year -214 +227 +38
Permanent jobs citing SANS 85 55 109
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 0.17% 0.28% 0.20%
As % of the Qualifications category 0.96% 1.38% 0.99%
Number of salaries quoted 68 48 96
10th Percentile £63,375 £42,125 £41,250
25th Percentile £70,000 £44,371 £49,375
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £85,000 £47,500 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year +78.95% -36.67% +9.09%
75th Percentile £91,875 £79,688 £90,000
90th Percentile £108,250 £95,000 £108,750
England median annual salary £75,000 £50,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +50.00% -20.00% +19.05%

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 8,851 4,000 11,008
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 17.34% 20.05% 20.13%
Number of salaries quoted 5,469 3,195 8,413
10th Percentile £37,500 £37,606 £31,250
25th Percentile £48,750 £48,750 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year - +8.33% -
75th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £78,750
90th Percentile £100,000 £105,000 £96,250
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SANS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in London

SANS
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SANS in London.

Salary trend for SANS in London

SANS
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing SANS in London over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Salary histogram for SANS in London

SANS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the London region over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -57 14 £87,500 +105.88% 9
West London -77 5 - - 2
South London - 1 £100,000 - 1
East London - 1 - - 1
SANS
England

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for SANS.

1 49 (57.65%) Information Security
2 46 (54.12%) Cybersecurity
3 41 (48.24%) Social Skills
4 40 (47.06%) CISSP
5 31 (36.47%) AWS
6 30 (35.29%) Finance
7 28 (32.94%) Security Architecture
8 25 (29.41%) Agile Software Development
9 24 (28.24%) OWASP
10 23 (27.06%) DevOps
10 23 (27.06%) JavaScript
10 23 (27.06%) Python
11 22 (25.88%) SIEM
11 22 (25.88%) Test Automation
12 21 (24.71%) Kubernetes
12 21 (24.71%) Linux
12 21 (24.71%) Risk Management
12 21 (24.71%) Degree
13 20 (23.53%) Microsoft
13 20 (23.53%) CompTIA Security+
14 19 (22.35%) GIAC
15 18 (21.18%) CISM
16 17 (20.00%) Windows
16 17 (20.00%) Continuous Delivery
16 17 (20.00%) Mac OS
16 17 (20.00%) QA
16 17 (20.00%) Continuous Integration
17 16 (18.82%) CSS3
17 16 (18.82%) HTML5
17 16 (18.82%) React

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Applications
1 15 (17.65%) InVision
1 15 (17.65%) Sketch
2 3 (3.53%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (3.53%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (3.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 7 (8.24%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 31 (36.47%) AWS
2 13 (15.29%) Serverless
3 12 (14.12%) Azure
4 9 (10.59%) SaaS
5 7 (8.24%) Amazon CloudWatch
5 7 (8.24%) Amazon GuardDuty
5 7 (8.24%) Amazon S3
5 7 (8.24%) AWS CloudTrail
5 7 (8.24%) AWS Lambda
5 7 (8.24%) Azure Logic Apps
5 7 (8.24%) Azure Sentinel
5 7 (8.24%) CloudFront
5 7 (8.24%) PaaS
6 6 (7.06%) Akamai
6 6 (7.06%) IaaS
7 4 (4.71%) Azure Active Directory
7 4 (4.71%) Microsoft 365
8 2 (2.35%) GCP
9 1 (1.18%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 12 (14.12%) Firewall
2 6 (7.06%) SAN
3 4 (4.71%) TCP/IP
4 3 (3.53%) DHCP
4 3 (3.53%) DNS
4 3 (3.53%) Intrusion Detection
5 2 (2.35%) HTTP
6 1 (1.18%) Internet
6 1 (1.18%) Network Security
6 1 (1.18%) SMTP
6 1 (1.18%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4 (4.71%) MySQL
1 4 (4.71%) SQL Server
2 2 (2.35%) Amazon Redshift
2 2 (2.35%) Relational Database
3 1 (1.18%) Big Data
3 1 (1.18%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 15 (17.65%) Cypress.io
1 15 (17.65%) Git (software)
1 15 (17.65%) PostCSS
1 15 (17.65%) Selenium
2 6 (7.06%) Burp Suite
3 2 (2.35%) AppScan
4 1 (1.18%) Eclipse
4 1 (1.18%) GitLab
4 1 (1.18%) Jenkins
4 1 (1.18%) SonarQube
General
1 41 (48.24%) Social Skills
2 30 (35.29%) Finance
3 13 (15.29%) Presentation Skills
4 10 (11.76%) French Language
5 7 (8.24%) Banking
6 4 (4.71%) Back Office
6 4 (4.71%) Legal
7 2 (2.35%) Law
7 2 (2.35%) Retail
7 2 (2.35%) Telecoms
8 1 (1.18%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 23 (27.06%) Security Engineer
2 15 (17.65%) Developer
2 15 (17.65%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
2 15 (17.65%) React Developer
3 13 (15.29%) Senior Developer
3 13 (15.29%) Senior Front-End Developer
3 13 (15.29%) Senior React Developer
4 12 (14.12%) Consultant
4 12 (14.12%) Security Manager
5 9 (10.59%) Information Manager
5 9 (10.59%) Information Security Manager
6 7 (8.24%) Cybersecurity Engineer
6 7 (8.24%) IT Engineer
6 7 (8.24%) IT Security Engineer
6 7 (8.24%) Security Specialist
6 7 (8.24%) Senior Manager
7 6 (7.06%) Broadcast Engineer
7 6 (7.06%) Information Security Specialist
7 6 (7.06%) Information Specialist
7 6 (7.06%) Senior Broadcast Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 16 (18.82%) CSS
1 16 (18.82%) CSS3
1 16 (18.82%) HTML
1 16 (18.82%) HTML5
1 16 (18.82%) React
2 15 (17.65%) GraphQL
2 15 (17.65%) Puppeteer
2 15 (17.65%) Sass
2 15 (17.65%) Spring
2 15 (17.65%) Spring Boot
2 15 (17.65%) Twitter Bootstrap
2 15 (17.65%) Web Components
3 14 (16.47%) Node.js
4 7 (8.24%) JSON
4 7 (8.24%) XML
5 3 (3.53%) SailPoint
5 3 (3.53%) SAML
6 2 (2.35%) OAuth
6 2 (2.35%) OpenID
7 1 (1.18%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 16 (18.82%) User Experience
2 15 (17.65%) Management Information System
3 7 (8.24%) Cyberthreat
3 7 (8.24%) Virtual Team
4 6 (7.06%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
5 3 (3.53%) Greenfield Project
6 2 (2.35%) Cyberattack
6 2 (2.35%) Data Protection Act
7 1 (1.18%) Blog
7 1 (1.18%) Cyber Defence
7 1 (1.18%) Cyber Kill Chain
7 1 (1.18%) Linux Command Line
7 1 (1.18%) PKI
7 1 (1.18%) Podcast
7 1 (1.18%) Public Cloud
7 1 (1.18%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 21 (24.71%) Linux
2 17 (20.00%) Mac OS
2 17 (20.00%) Windows
3 4 (4.71%) Windows Server
4 3 (3.53%) Windows 10
4 3 (3.53%) Windows Server 2012
5 2 (2.35%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 49 (57.65%) Information Security
2 46 (54.12%) Cybersecurity
3 28 (32.94%) Security Architecture
4 25 (29.41%) Agile Software Development
5 24 (28.24%) OWASP
6 23 (27.06%) DevOps
7 22 (25.88%) SIEM
7 22 (25.88%) Test Automation
8 21 (24.71%) Risk Management
9 17 (20.00%) Continuous Delivery
9 17 (20.00%) Continuous Integration
10 16 (18.82%) TDD
11 15 (17.65%) Front End Development
11 15 (17.65%) Microservices
11 15 (17.65%) Software Engineering
12 13 (15.29%) Actionable Insight
13 12 (14.12%) Analytics
13 12 (14.12%) Computer Science
13 12 (14.12%) Mentoring
14 11 (12.94%) Threat Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 23 (27.06%) JavaScript
1 23 (27.06%) Python
2 16 (18.82%) ES6
2 16 (18.82%) ES7
2 16 (18.82%) Java
3 15 (17.65%) Java 11
3 15 (17.65%) Kotlin
3 15 (17.65%) Scala
3 15 (17.65%) TypeScript
4 10 (11.76%) Go
5 9 (10.59%) PowerShell
6 8 (9.41%) C#
6 8 (9.41%) Perl
7 7 (8.24%) Ruby
7 7 (8.24%) VB
8 2 (2.35%) Bash Shell
8 2 (2.35%) C
9 1 (1.18%) C++
9 1 (1.18%) PHP
9 1 (1.18%) SQL
Qualifications
1 40 (47.06%) CISSP
2 21 (24.71%) Degree
3 20 (23.53%) CompTIA Security+
4 19 (22.35%) GIAC
5 18 (21.18%) CISM
6 14 (16.47%) CISA
6 14 (16.47%) GCIA
6 14 (16.47%) GCIH
7 9 (10.59%) Computer Science Degree
8 8 (9.41%) GCFA
9 7 (8.24%) GCFE
9 7 (8.24%) OSCP
10 6 (7.06%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 6 (7.06%) AWS Certification
10 6 (7.06%) CEH
10 6 (7.06%) Cisco Certification
10 6 (7.06%) GSEC
11 3 (3.53%) CREST Certified
11 3 (3.53%) ISACA
12 2 (2.35%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (20.00%) QA
2 15 (17.65%) WCAG
3 14 (16.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 9 (10.59%) NIST
5 8 (9.41%) GDPR
6 5 (5.88%) GRC
6 5 (5.88%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 5 (5.88%) PCI DSS
7 4 (4.71%) COBIT
7 4 (4.71%) SOC 1
7 4 (4.71%) SOC 2
7 4 (4.71%) SOC 3
8 2 (2.35%) Actionable Recommendations
8 2 (2.35%) COSO
8 2 (2.35%) Cyber Essentials
8 2 (2.35%) HIPAA
9 1 (1.18%) NCSC
9 1 (1.18%) NIST 800
9 1 (1.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 16 (18.82%) Docker
2 6 (7.06%) Firmware
3 4 (4.71%) Active Directory
4 1 (1.18%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 21 (24.71%) Kubernetes
2 11 (12.94%) QRadar
3 10 (11.76%) Kibana
4 5 (5.88%) Computer Incident Response Team
5 4 (4.71%) Nmap
6 3 (3.53%) Active Directory Federation Services
6 3 (3.53%) Single Sign-On
7 2 (2.35%) HP Fortify
7 2 (2.35%) Nessus
7 2 (2.35%) WebInspect
8 1 (1.18%) Ansible
8 1 (1.18%) Graylog
8 1 (1.18%) Opscode Chef
8 1 (1.18%) Puppet
8 1 (1.18%) Terraform
Vendors
1 20 (23.53%) Microsoft
2 13 (15.29%) Splunk
3 3 (3.53%) CyberArk
3 3 (3.53%) ForgeRock
3 3 (3.53%) Oracle
4 2 (2.35%) Cisco
5 1 (1.18%) Google
5 1 (1.18%) LexisNexis
5 1 (1.18%) Okta
5 1 (1.18%) Qualys
5 1 (1.18%) Veracode