Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 24 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
UK > England
6 months to
24 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 974 729 720
Rank change year-on-year -245 -9 +32
Permanent jobs citing SANS 168 130 166
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.12% 0.16% 0.19%
As % of the Qualifications category 0.50% 0.77% 0.90%
Number of salaries quoted 108 112 134
10th Percentile £48,900 £47,500 £45,750
25th Percentile £64,688 £57,500 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £82,500 £70,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +17.86% +16.67% -
75th Percentile £101,250 £85,000 £76,250
90th Percentile £122,500 £90,625 £95,000
UK median annual salary £77,500 £70,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +10.71% +16.67% -

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 33,383 16,844 18,483
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 24.22% 20.66% 21.60%
Number of salaries quoted 15,015 11,297 13,908
10th Percentile £30,875 £31,250 £29,000
25th Percentile £40,794 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £72,500 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £91,500 £86,250 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SANS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in England

SANS
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SANS in England.

Salary trend for SANS in England

SANS
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing SANS in England over the 6 months to 24 May 2022.

Salary histogram for SANS in England

SANS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the England region over the 6 months to 24 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -224 115 £85,000 - 12
South East -81 22 £66,750 -3.26% 6
Midlands -67 13 £80,000 +52.38%
West Midlands -56 12 £85,000 +21.43%
South West -32 7 £60,000 +26.32% 2
North of England -94 2 £100,000 +42.86% 1
Yorkshire -47 1 - - 1
North West -76 1 £100,000 +42.86%
East of England -85 1 - - 1
SANS
UK

For the 6 months to 24 May 2022, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SANS.

1 101 (60.12%) Information Security
1 101 (60.12%) Cybersecurity
2 86 (51.19%) CISSP
3 76 (45.24%) Azure
4 69 (41.07%) AWS
5 58 (34.52%) Finance
6 57 (33.93%) SIEM
7 55 (32.74%) GIAC
8 50 (29.76%) CISM
9 48 (28.57%) Degree
9 48 (28.57%) Threat Intelligence
10 46 (27.38%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
11 44 (26.19%) Risk Management
12 42 (25.00%) Security Architecture
13 40 (23.81%) OWASP
13 40 (23.81%) PowerShell
13 40 (23.81%) Windows
13 40 (23.81%) Python
14 38 (22.62%) Vulnerability Management
14 38 (22.62%) Cyberthreat
15 37 (22.02%) Firewall
16 35 (20.83%) Splunk
16 35 (20.83%) Security Operations
17 33 (19.64%) Red Team
17 33 (19.64%) Network Security
18 32 (19.05%) GCIH
19 31 (18.45%) Linux
20 30 (17.86%) ISO/IEC 27001
20 30 (17.86%) NIST
21 29 (17.26%) Management Information System

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 2 (1.19%) IIS
2 1 (0.60%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 11 (6.55%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 6 (3.57%) InVision
2 6 (3.57%) Sketch
3 1 (0.60%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.60%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 3 (1.79%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.60%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 76 (45.24%) Azure
2 69 (41.07%) AWS
3 25 (14.88%) PaaS
3 25 (14.88%) SaaS
4 24 (14.29%) Datadog
5 19 (11.31%) IaaS
6 17 (10.12%) GCP
7 14 (8.33%) Microsoft 365
8 13 (7.74%) Azure Active Directory
9 8 (4.76%) Azure Sentinel
10 5 (2.98%) Azure Functions
10 5 (2.98%) Serverless
11 3 (1.79%) Google Workspace
12 2 (1.19%) Azure Logic Apps
12 2 (1.19%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 37 (22.02%) Firewall
2 33 (19.64%) Network Security
3 10 (5.95%) TCP/IP
4 7 (4.17%) Intrusion Detection
5 4 (2.38%) HTTP
5 4 (2.38%) SSL
6 3 (1.79%) HTTPS
6 3 (1.79%) Internet
6 3 (1.79%) IPsec
6 3 (1.79%) Kerberos
6 3 (1.79%) LAN
6 3 (1.79%) NNTP
6 3 (1.79%) WAN
6 3 (1.79%) Wireless
6 3 (1.79%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2 (1.19%) Power BI
2 1 (0.60%) Apache Hive
2 1 (0.60%) Big Data
2 1 (0.60%) DB2
2 1 (0.60%) Hadoop
2 1 (0.60%) MySQL
2 1 (0.60%) NoSQL
2 1 (0.60%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 11 (6.55%) Burp Suite
2 7 (4.17%) Git (software)
2 7 (4.17%) Selenium
3 6 (3.57%) Cypress.io
3 6 (3.57%) PostCSS
4 3 (1.79%) TeamCity
5 1 (0.60%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 1 (0.60%) Bitbucket
5 1 (0.60%) Bitbucket Server
5 1 (0.60%) CodeSonar
5 1 (0.60%) git-flow
5 1 (0.60%) JIRA
5 1 (0.60%) Robot Framework
General
1 58 (34.52%) Finance
2 27 (16.07%) Legal
3 18 (10.71%) Social Skills
4 13 (7.74%) Marketing
5 11 (6.55%) Manufacturing
6 10 (5.95%) Telecoms
7 9 (5.36%) Retail
8 6 (3.57%) Games
8 6 (3.57%) Organisational Skills
9 5 (2.98%) Automotive
10 4 (2.38%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 4 (2.38%) Presentation Skills
11 2 (1.19%) Banking
11 2 (1.19%) Law
11 2 (1.19%) Military
12 1 (0.60%) Investment Banking
12 1 (0.60%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 50 (29.76%) Analyst
2 24 (14.29%) Financial Analyst
2 24 (14.29%) Incident Analyst
2 24 (14.29%) SIEM Analyst
2 24 (14.29%) Splunk Analyst
3 20 (11.90%) Consultant
3 20 (11.90%) Security Analyst
4 17 (10.12%) Security Engineer
5 16 (9.52%) Architect
5 16 (9.52%) Operations Analyst
5 16 (9.52%) Security Architect
5 16 (9.52%) Security Consultant
5 16 (9.52%) Security Operations Analyst
6 10 (5.95%) Developer
7 9 (5.36%) Cybersecurity Engineer
8 7 (4.17%) Cybersecurity Analyst
8 7 (4.17%) Senior Consultant
8 7 (4.17%) Senior Security Consultant
8 7 (4.17%) SOC Analyst
9 6 (3.57%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 11 (6.55%) .NET
2 9 (5.36%) ASP.NET
3 7 (4.17%) Node.js
4 6 (3.57%) CSS
4 6 (3.57%) CSS3
4 6 (3.57%) GraphQL
4 6 (3.57%) HTML
4 6 (3.57%) HTML5
4 6 (3.57%) Puppeteer
4 6 (3.57%) React
4 6 (3.57%) Sass
4 6 (3.57%) Spring
4 6 (3.57%) Spring Boot
4 6 (3.57%) Twitter Bootstrap
4 6 (3.57%) Web Components
5 5 (2.98%) J2EE
6 4 (2.38%) SAML
7 2 (1.19%) Regular Expression
8 1 (0.60%) RabbitMQ
8 1 (0.60%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 38 (22.62%) Cyberthreat
2 29 (17.26%) Management Information System
3 15 (8.93%) IoT
4 14 (8.33%) Data Centre
4 14 (8.33%) PKI
4 14 (8.33%) Security Operations Centre
5 13 (7.74%) Insider Threat
5 13 (7.74%) Self-Motivation
6 11 (6.55%) Linux Command Line
7 8 (4.76%) Cyber Defence
7 8 (4.76%) Mobile App
8 6 (3.57%) User Experience
9 5 (2.98%) Public Cloud
10 4 (2.38%) CSOC
11 3 (1.79%) Cyberattack
11 3 (1.79%) Data Protection Act
11 3 (1.79%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 3 (1.79%) Mainframe
11 3 (1.79%) SCADA
12 2 (1.19%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 40 (23.81%) Windows
2 31 (18.45%) Linux
3 11 (6.55%) Kali Linux
4 9 (5.36%) Unix
5 3 (1.79%) AIX
5 3 (1.79%) zOS
6 1 (0.60%) Android
6 1 (0.60%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.60%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 101 (60.12%) Cybersecurity
1 101 (60.12%) Information Security
2 57 (33.93%) SIEM
3 48 (28.57%) Threat Intelligence
4 46 (27.38%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
5 44 (26.19%) Risk Management
6 42 (25.00%) Security Architecture
7 40 (23.81%) OWASP
8 38 (22.62%) Vulnerability Management
9 35 (20.83%) Security Operations
10 33 (19.64%) Red Team
11 27 (16.07%) Application Security
12 25 (14.88%) Asset Management
13 24 (14.29%) Cyber Intelligence
13 24 (14.29%) Threat Modelling
14 22 (13.10%) Agile
15 21 (12.50%) DevOps
15 21 (12.50%) Incident Management
16 20 (11.90%) Use Case
16 20 (11.90%) Vulnerability Assessment
Programming Languages
1 40 (23.81%) PowerShell
1 40 (23.81%) Python
2 25 (14.88%) Bash
3 21 (12.50%) C#
4 13 (7.74%) Java
5 12 (7.14%) C
6 7 (4.17%) C++
6 7 (4.17%) JavaScript
6 7 (4.17%) SQL
7 6 (3.57%) ES6
7 6 (3.57%) ES7
7 6 (3.57%) Kotlin
7 6 (3.57%) Objective-C
7 6 (3.57%) Scala
7 6 (3.57%) TypeScript
8 1 (0.60%) PHP
8 1 (0.60%) Rust
Qualifications
1 86 (51.19%) CISSP
2 55 (32.74%) GIAC
3 50 (29.76%) CISM
4 48 (28.57%) Degree
5 32 (19.05%) GCIH
6 25 (14.88%) GCFA
6 25 (14.88%) GREM
7 22 (13.10%) OSCP
8 20 (11.90%) CEH
8 20 (11.90%) CISA
9 19 (11.31%) CREST Certified
10 16 (9.52%) Security Cleared
11 15 (8.93%) OSCE
11 15 (8.93%) SC Cleared
12 12 (7.14%) Cisco Certification
13 10 (5.95%) CompTIA Security+
14 9 (5.36%) GCIA
14 9 (5.36%) GPEN
15 7 (4.17%) GSEC
15 7 (4.17%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (17.86%) ISO/IEC 27001
1 30 (17.86%) NIST
2 24 (14.29%) GRC
3 16 (9.52%) Cyber Essentials
4 11 (6.55%) GDPR
4 11 (6.55%) PCI DSS
5 8 (4.76%) NCSC
5 8 (4.76%) QA
6 7 (4.17%) HIPAA
7 6 (3.57%) WCAG
8 5 (2.98%) COBIT
8 5 (2.98%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 4 (2.38%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 4 (2.38%) SOC 2
10 3 (1.79%) COSO
10 3 (1.79%) SLA
11 1 (0.60%) Actionable Recommendations
11 1 (0.60%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 1 (0.60%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 24 (14.29%) Active Directory
2 8 (4.76%) Docker
2 8 (4.76%) Firmware
3 1 (0.60%) OpenAM
3 1 (0.60%) OpenIDM
3 1 (0.60%) RACF
3 1 (0.60%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 15 (8.93%) Kubernetes
2 13 (7.74%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
3 4 (2.38%) CSIRT
3 4 (2.38%) Single Sign-On
4 3 (1.79%) Nessus
5 2 (1.19%) EnCase
6 1 (0.60%) CA Single Sign-On
6 1 (0.60%) Oracle Identity Management
6 1 (0.60%) Puppet
6 1 (0.60%) QRadar
6 1 (0.60%) Salt
Vendors
1 35 (20.83%) Splunk
2 24 (14.29%) McAfee
2 24 (14.29%) SolarWinds
2 24 (14.29%) Sun
3 23 (13.69%) Microsoft
4 6 (3.57%) AlienVault
5 5 (2.98%) Qualys
6 4 (2.38%) Google
7 3 (1.79%) Apple
7 3 (1.79%) Okta
8 2 (1.19%) Intel
8 2 (1.19%) Palo Alto
9 1 (0.60%) CA
9 1 (0.60%) CyberArk
9 1 (0.60%) F5
9 1 (0.60%) ForgeRock
9 1 (0.60%) Kenna
9 1 (0.60%) Oracle