Period
to 20 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 20 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
UK > England
6 months to
20 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 622 714 733
Rank change year-on-year +92 +19 +137
Permanent jobs citing SANS 520 470 441
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.37% 0.28% 0.27%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.51% 1.19% 1.05%
Number of salaries quoted 364 356 323
England median annual salary £55,000 £57,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.35% -4.17% -2.44%
10th Percentile £41,250 £39,750 £41,250
90th Percentile £86,250 £90,000 £86,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £57,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year -4.35% -4.17% -2.44%

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 34,412 39,484 42,150
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 24.47% 23.87% 25.56%
Number of salaries quoted 25,261 30,826 33,555
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £26,500 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £81,250 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SANS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in England

SANS
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SANS in England.

Salary trend for SANS in England

SANS
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SANS in England over the 6 months to 20 February 2019.

Salary histogram for SANS in England

SANS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the England region over the 6 months to 20 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North of England +155 167 £45,000 -18.18% 12
London -56 150 £65,000 -10.34% 20
North West +130 137 £45,000 -18.18% 7
South East +55 88 £56,500 +2.73% 6
East of England +74 57 £50,000 - 2
Yorkshire +56 29 £70,000 +68.67% 5
South West +9 26 £45,000 - 4
Midlands +43 24 £62,500 +4.17% 7
West Midlands +41 19 £65,000 +54.76% 5
East Midlands +17 3 £65,000 +8.33% 1
North East - 1 - -
SANS
UK

For the 6 months to 20 February 2019, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SANS.

1 389 (74.81%) CISSP
2 341 (65.58%) Information Security
3 310 (59.62%) Cybersecurity
4 241 (46.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 229 (44.04%) SIEM
6 218 (41.92%) Windows
7 211 (40.58%) Penetration Testing
8 202 (38.85%) Linux
9 187 (35.96%) Vulnerability Management
10 173 (33.27%) Microsoft
11 167 (32.12%) Management Information System
11 167 (32.12%) Finance
12 161 (30.96%) Network Security
13 160 (30.77%) GIAC
13 160 (30.77%) CISM
14 159 (30.58%) CREST Certified
15 151 (29.04%) Legal
16 150 (28.85%) Mentoring
17 147 (28.27%) VMware
18 142 (27.31%) Security Operations
19 141 (27.12%) Threat Analysis
20 140 (26.92%) Cisco
21 135 (25.96%) GDPR
22 132 (25.38%) OWASP
23 131 (25.19%) Firewall
24 130 (25.00%) SQL
25 128 (24.62%) CEH
26 127 (24.42%) Cyber Kill Chain
27 121 (23.27%) Data Protection
27 121 (23.27%) PCI DSS

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (5.38%) ExpressionEngine
1 28 (5.38%) WordPress
2 8 (1.54%) Apache Pig
3 4 (0.77%) Elasticsearch
Applications
1 100 (19.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 4 (0.77%) Microsoft Office
Cloud Services
1 66 (12.69%) Microsoft Azure
2 65 (12.50%) Amazon AWS
3 35 (6.73%) IaaS
4 32 (6.15%) SaaS
5 27 (5.19%) Google Cloud Platform
6 17 (3.27%) Office 365
7 13 (2.50%) Mimecast
8 7 (1.35%) PaaS
9 2 (0.38%) Cloud Computing
9 2 (0.38%) Google Drive
9 2 (0.38%) OpenDNS
Communications & Networking
1 161 (30.96%) Network Security
2 131 (25.19%) Firewall
3 100 (19.23%) Wi-Fi
4 80 (15.38%) Intrusion Detection
5 55 (10.58%) TCP/IP
6 39 (7.50%) Internet
7 26 (5.00%) Sourcefire
8 23 (4.42%) Wireshark
9 20 (3.85%) SNMP
10 19 (3.65%) HTTP
11 18 (3.46%) SSL
12 16 (3.08%) FCoE
13 9 (1.73%) WAN
14 8 (1.54%) MPLS
14 8 (1.54%) VPN
15 7 (1.35%) VLAN
16 6 (1.15%) DNS
17 5 (0.96%) LAN
17 5 (0.96%) Reverse Proxy
18 4 (0.77%) Cisco IPT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (5.38%) MongoDB
2 24 (4.62%) Big Data
3 12 (2.31%) Hadoop
4 8 (1.54%) Apache Hive
4 8 (1.54%) MySQL
4 8 (1.54%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 26 (5.00%) Metasploit
2 24 (4.62%) JIRA
3 16 (3.08%) Redmine
4 11 (2.12%) Burp Suite
5 8 (1.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 8 (1.54%) Bitbucket
5 8 (1.54%) CodeSonar
5 8 (1.54%) Git (software)
5 8 (1.54%) git-flow
5 8 (1.54%) Robot Framework
5 8 (1.54%) Selenium
6 2 (0.38%) AppScan
7 1 (0.19%) SonarQube
General
1 167 (32.12%) Finance
2 151 (29.04%) Legal
3 24 (4.62%) Publishing
4 21 (4.04%) Retail
5 20 (3.85%) Telecoms
6 17 (3.27%) Banking
7 16 (3.08%) Games
8 13 (2.50%) Marketing
9 8 (1.54%) Financial Institution
10 7 (1.35%) Electronics
10 7 (1.35%) Manufacturing
11 5 (0.96%) Front Office
11 5 (0.96%) Investment Banking
11 5 (0.96%) Law
12 2 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
13 1 (0.19%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 225 (43.27%) Analyst
2 167 (32.12%) Security Analyst
3 156 (30.00%) Senior Analyst
4 133 (25.58%) Senior Security Analyst
5 107 (20.58%) IT Analyst
6 105 (20.19%) IT Security Analyst
7 104 (20.00%) Senior IT Security Analyst
8 91 (17.50%) Security Engineer
9 58 (11.15%) Cybersecurity Analyst
10 42 (8.08%) Security Manager
11 37 (7.12%) Architect
11 37 (7.12%) SOC Analyst
12 34 (6.54%) Senior Cybersecurity Analyst
13 31 (5.96%) Security Architect
14 30 (5.77%) Consultant
15 29 (5.58%) Incident Manager
15 29 (5.58%) Security Incident Manager
16 25 (4.81%) Security Consultant
17 23 (4.42%) Malware Engineer
18 19 (3.65%) Penetration Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (7.69%) Node.js
2 21 (4.04%) .NET
3 16 (3.08%) Web Services
4 15 (2.88%) Regular Expression
5 13 (2.50%) REST
5 13 (2.50%) SOAP
6 10 (1.92%) Java EE
6 10 (1.92%) STL
7 9 (1.73%) LAMP
8 8 (1.54%) .NET Framework
8 8 (1.54%) ASP.NET
8 8 (1.54%) Django
8 8 (1.54%) RabbitMQ
8 8 (1.54%) Spring MVC
9 5 (0.96%) SailPoint
10 1 (0.19%) COM
10 1 (0.19%) ModSecurity
Miscellaneous
1 167 (32.12%) Management Information System
2 127 (24.42%) Cyber Kill Chain
3 79 (15.19%) Security Operations Centre
4 54 (10.38%) Analytical Skills
5 33 (6.35%) Self-Motivation
6 22 (4.23%) Cyberthreat
7 21 (4.04%) PKI
8 10 (1.92%) Cyberattack
9 9 (1.73%) Fintech
10 6 (1.15%) Algorithms
11 5 (0.96%) Cyber Defence
11 5 (0.96%) Cybercrime
11 5 (0.96%) Mobile Wallet
11 5 (0.96%) Public Cloud
11 5 (0.96%) User Experience
12 4 (0.77%) Data Centre
13 3 (0.58%) Enterprise Storage
13 3 (0.58%) Greenfield Project
13 3 (0.58%) Internet of Things
14 2 (0.38%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
Operating Systems
1 218 (41.92%) Windows
2 202 (38.85%) Linux
3 81 (15.58%) Unix
4 17 (3.27%) Kali Linux
5 14 (2.69%) Apple iOS
6 12 (2.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 9 (1.73%) Mac OS X
8 8 (1.54%) Android
8 8 (1.54%) Debian
9 5 (0.96%) CentOS
10 4 (0.77%) Fedora
10 4 (0.77%) Ubuntu
11 1 (0.19%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 341 (65.58%) Information Security
2 310 (59.62%) Cybersecurity
3 229 (44.04%) SIEM
4 211 (40.58%) Penetration Testing
5 187 (35.96%) Vulnerability Management
6 150 (28.85%) Mentoring
7 142 (27.31%) Security Operations
8 141 (27.12%) Threat Analysis
9 132 (25.38%) OWASP
10 121 (23.27%) Data Protection
11 111 (21.35%) Disaster Recovery
12 108 (20.77%) Business Continuity
13 106 (20.38%) Due Diligence
14 105 (20.19%) Risk Analysis
15 101 (19.42%) Web Development
16 100 (19.23%) Scenario Testing
17 79 (15.19%) Problem-Solving
18 69 (13.27%) Risk Management
19 66 (12.69%) IT Strategy
20 63 (12.12%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 130 (25.00%) SQL
2 56 (10.77%) C
3 44 (8.46%) Python
4 42 (8.08%) PowerShell
5 37 (7.12%) Bash Shell
6 34 (6.54%) C++
7 27 (5.19%) C#
8 26 (5.00%) Java
9 19 (3.65%) VB
10 18 (3.46%) Perl
11 13 (2.50%) PHP
12 12 (2.31%) Korn
13 10 (1.92%) Objective-C
14 8 (1.54%) JavaScript
14 8 (1.54%) Ruby
15 6 (1.15%) Go
16 5 (0.96%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 389 (74.81%) CISSP
2 160 (30.77%) CISM
2 160 (30.77%) GIAC
3 159 (30.58%) CREST Certified
4 128 (24.62%) CEH
5 106 (20.38%) Cisco Certification
6 104 (20.00%) SSCP
7 96 (18.46%) CISA
8 60 (11.54%) CCSP
9 59 (11.35%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 58 (11.15%) Degree
11 55 (10.58%) CompTIA Security+
12 50 (9.62%) Microsoft Certification
13 48 (9.23%) MCSE
13 48 (9.23%) Security Cleared
14 47 (9.04%) OSCP
15 41 (7.88%) CCNA
16 38 (7.31%) GCIA
17 37 (7.12%) GCIH
18 35 (6.73%) CSSLP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 241 (46.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 135 (25.96%) GDPR
3 121 (23.27%) PCI DSS
4 36 (6.92%) Cyber Essentials
5 9 (1.73%) COBIT
5 9 (1.73%) Web Application Security Consortium
6 8 (1.54%) ISO 9001
6 8 (1.54%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 7 (1.35%) HIPAA
8 4 (0.77%) FINRA
8 4 (0.77%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 3 (0.58%) GPG13
9 3 (0.58%) ISO 31000
10 2 (0.38%) FIPS 140-2
10 2 (0.38%) SLA
11 1 (0.19%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 1 (0.19%) NIST 800
11 1 (0.19%) PSD2
System Software
1 114 (21.92%) VMware Infrastructure
2 36 (6.92%) Snort
3 20 (3.85%) VMware ESXi
4 19 (3.65%) NFS
4 19 (3.65%) Samba
5 17 (3.27%) VMware NSX
6 14 (2.69%) Docker
7 11 (2.12%) Active Directory
8 8 (1.54%) vSphere
9 4 (0.77%) VirtualBox
9 4 (0.77%) Xen
10 2 (0.38%) Squid
Systems Management
1 47 (9.04%) Nessus
2 37 (7.12%) CSIRT
3 28 (5.38%) Puppet
4 22 (4.23%) Norton AntiVirus
5 21 (4.04%) Host Intrusion Detection System
6 20 (3.85%) Ansible
6 20 (3.85%) Nagios
6 20 (3.85%) QRadar
6 20 (3.85%) vCenter Server
7 15 (2.88%) RSA Security Analytics
8 13 (2.50%) Nmap
9 12 (2.31%) Computer Incident Response Team
10 11 (2.12%) CASB
11 10 (1.92%) Nexpose
12 9 (1.73%) EnCase
12 9 (1.73%) FTK
12 9 (1.73%) Suricata
13 8 (1.54%) Salt
14 6 (1.15%) Kubernetes
15 5 (0.96%) AirWatch
Vendors
1 173 (33.27%) Microsoft
2 147 (28.27%) VMware
3 140 (26.92%) Cisco
4 56 (10.77%) Symantec
5 41 (7.88%) Splunk
6 40 (7.69%) Qualys
7 31 (5.96%) Google
8 22 (4.23%) Forcepoint
8 22 (4.23%) Red Hat
9 21 (4.04%) LogRhythm
10 20 (3.85%) ArcSight
10 20 (3.85%) EMC
10 20 (3.85%) SolarWinds
11 19 (3.65%) NetApp
12 18 (3.46%) Palo Alto
13 16 (3.08%) McAfee
14 15 (2.88%) Sun
15 14 (2.69%) CyberArk
16 13 (2.50%) Meraki
17 12 (2.31%) Sophos