Period
to 9 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 9 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
UK > England
6 months to
9 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 724 749 707
Rank change year-on-year +25 -42 -5
Permanent jobs citing SANS 130 172 386
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.17% 0.19% 0.29%
As % of the Qualifications category 0.81% 0.86% 1.15%
Number of salaries quoted 113 139 290
10th Percentile £47,500 £48,500 £42,500
25th Percentile £57,500 £52,500 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +12.00% +4.17% +4.35%
75th Percentile £85,000 £78,750 £77,500
90th Percentile " £95,000 £95,000
UK median annual salary £70,000 £61,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +14.75% +1.67% +4.35%

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 16,148 19,897 33,677
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 20.61% 21.56% 24.98%
Number of salaries quoted 11,081 15,006 24,500
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,750 £26,500
25th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £68,750 £67,500
90th Percentile £86,250 £85,000 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +4.17%

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SANS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in England

SANS
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SANS in England.

Salary trend for SANS in England

SANS
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing SANS in England over the 6 months to 9 May 2021.

Salary histogram for SANS in England

SANS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the England region over the 6 months to 9 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +46 72 £82,500 +13.79% 7
Midlands 0 16 £61,250 +15.57% 1
North of England -3 14 £70,000 +14.75% 1
West Midlands -6 12 £71,000 +33.96%
South East +40 10 £74,500 +24.17% 5
East of England +22 8 £55,000 -
South West -30 8 £47,500 -13.64% 1
North West +24 6 £70,000 +16.67%
North East - 5 £60,000 -
East Midlands - 4 £52,500 - 1
Yorkshire -13 3 £70,000 +13.36% 1
SANS
UK

For the 6 months to 9 May 2021, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SANS.

1 84 (64.62%) CISSP
2 72 (55.38%) Cybersecurity
3 55 (42.31%) Information Security
4 49 (37.69%) Social Skills
5 39 (30.00%) CISM
6 38 (29.23%) Security Operations
7 37 (28.46%) Agile Software Development
8 35 (26.92%) OWASP
9 33 (25.38%) NIST
10 32 (24.62%) Finance
10 32 (24.62%) GIAC
11 31 (23.85%) Test Automation
11 31 (23.85%) SIEM
12 29 (22.31%) Git (software)
12 29 (22.31%) Docker
13 28 (21.54%) QA
14 27 (20.77%) Java
14 27 (20.77%) JavaScript
14 27 (20.77%) Firewall
15 26 (20.00%) HTML
15 26 (20.00%) CSS
15 26 (20.00%) WCAG
15 26 (20.00%) Selenium
15 26 (20.00%) Spring
15 26 (20.00%) Cypress.io
15 26 (20.00%) Scala
15 26 (20.00%) CSS3
15 26 (20.00%) HTML5
15 26 (20.00%) DevOps
15 26 (20.00%) User Experience

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (4.62%) Apache Spark
2 2 (1.54%) Confluence
Applications
1 26 (20.00%) InVision
1 26 (20.00%) Sketch
2 6 (4.62%) Gephi
3 4 (3.08%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (3.08%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (3.08%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 3 (2.31%) NetSuite
2 1 (0.77%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 18 (13.85%) AWS
2 9 (6.92%) Azure
3 5 (3.85%) Microsoft 365
4 3 (2.31%) Dynamics 365
4 3 (2.31%) Sumo Logic
5 2 (1.54%) Azure Sentinel
5 2 (1.54%) GCP
6 1 (0.77%) Akamai
6 1 (0.77%) Amazon EKS
6 1 (0.77%) Amazon GuardDuty
6 1 (0.77%) Azure Active Directory
6 1 (0.77%) OpenShift
6 1 (0.77%) PaaS
6 1 (0.77%) SaaS
6 1 (0.77%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 27 (20.77%) Firewall
2 12 (9.23%) VPN
3 9 (6.92%) HTTP
4 8 (6.15%) Intrusion Detection
5 7 (5.38%) DNS
6 6 (4.62%) Ethernet
6 6 (4.62%) MPLS
6 6 (4.62%) SAN
6 6 (4.62%) SSL
7 5 (3.85%) Internet
8 4 (3.08%) IPsec
9 3 (2.31%) TCP/IP
10 2 (1.54%) 802.11
10 2 (1.54%) CHAP
10 2 (1.54%) Network Security
10 2 (1.54%) SNMP
11 1 (0.77%) DHCP
11 1 (0.77%) DMARC
11 1 (0.77%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8 (6.15%) Big Data
2 6 (4.62%) Apache Hive
2 6 (4.62%) Impala
3 2 (1.54%) Blockchain
3 2 (1.54%) DB2
Development Applications
1 29 (22.31%) Git (software)
2 26 (20.00%) Cypress.io
2 26 (20.00%) PostCSS
2 26 (20.00%) Selenium
3 8 (6.15%) JIRA
4 6 (4.62%) Bitbucket
4 6 (4.62%) Bitbucket Server
4 6 (4.62%) git-flow
5 3 (2.31%) Burp Suite
5 3 (2.31%) Metasploit
6 1 (0.77%) IDA Disassembler
General
1 49 (37.69%) Social Skills
2 32 (24.62%) Finance
3 25 (19.23%) Analytical Skills
4 14 (10.77%) Legal
5 6 (4.62%) Banking
5 6 (4.62%) Public Speaking
6 4 (3.08%) Law
6 4 (3.08%) Marketing
6 4 (3.08%) Organisational Skills
7 3 (2.31%) Manufacturing
7 3 (2.31%) Presentation Skills
7 3 (2.31%) Public Sector
8 2 (1.54%) Financial Institution
8 2 (1.54%) French Language
8 2 (1.54%) Influencing Skills
9 1 (0.77%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 29 (22.31%) Analyst
2 26 (20.00%) Developer
2 26 (20.00%) React Developer
3 20 (15.38%) Full Stack Developer
4 18 (13.85%) Java Developer
5 13 (10.00%) Architect
5 13 (10.00%) Security Analyst
5 13 (10.00%) Security Architect
6 12 (9.23%) Security Manager
7 11 (8.46%) Information Officer
7 11 (8.46%) Information Security Officer
7 11 (8.46%) Security Officer
8 10 (7.69%) UI Developer
9 9 (6.92%) Security Engineer
10 8 (6.15%) Information Manager
10 8 (6.15%) Information Security Manager
10 8 (6.15%) SOC Analyst
11 7 (5.38%) Consultant
11 7 (5.38%) Senior Analyst
12 6 (4.62%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 26 (20.00%) CSS
1 26 (20.00%) CSS3
1 26 (20.00%) GraphQL
1 26 (20.00%) HTML
1 26 (20.00%) HTML5
1 26 (20.00%) Puppeteer
1 26 (20.00%) React
1 26 (20.00%) Sass
1 26 (20.00%) Spring
1 26 (20.00%) Spring Boot
1 26 (20.00%) Twitter Bootstrap
1 26 (20.00%) Web Components
2 6 (4.62%) Elastic Stack
2 6 (4.62%) Kafka
2 6 (4.62%) Middleware
3 5 (3.85%) AngularJS
3 5 (3.85%) Node.js
4 2 (1.54%) 802.1X
4 2 (1.54%) Web Services
5 1 (0.77%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 26 (20.00%) User Experience
2 11 (8.46%) Analytical Mindset
2 11 (8.46%) Cyber Kill Chain
2 11 (8.46%) Cyberthreat
2 11 (8.46%) Self-Motivation
3 6 (4.62%) Cyber Defence
3 6 (4.62%) Virtual Team
4 4 (3.08%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
4 4 (3.08%) Life Science
4 4 (3.08%) Management Information System
4 4 (3.08%) PKI
4 4 (3.08%) Public Cloud
5 3 (2.31%) Blog
6 2 (1.54%) Enterprise Storage
6 2 (1.54%) SCADA
6 2 (1.54%) Security Operations Centre
7 1 (0.77%) Cloud Native
7 1 (0.77%) Data Centre
7 1 (0.77%) FMCG
7 1 (0.77%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 20 (15.38%) Linux
2 13 (10.00%) Windows
3 8 (6.15%) Unix
4 6 (4.62%) Mac OS
5 4 (3.08%) Kali Linux
6 3 (2.31%) Mac OS X
7 2 (1.54%) AIX
7 2 (1.54%) CentOS
7 2 (1.54%) Fedora
7 2 (1.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (1.54%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.77%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 72 (55.38%) Cybersecurity
2 55 (42.31%) Information Security
3 38 (29.23%) Security Operations
4 37 (28.46%) Agile Software Development
5 35 (26.92%) OWASP
6 31 (23.85%) SIEM
6 31 (23.85%) Test Automation
7 26 (20.00%) DevOps
7 26 (20.00%) Microservices
8 25 (19.23%) Vulnerability Management
9 24 (18.46%) Security Architecture
10 23 (17.69%) Continuous Delivery
10 23 (17.69%) Continuous Integration
10 23 (17.69%) Software Engineering
10 23 (17.69%) TDD
11 22 (16.92%) Security Monitoring
12 19 (14.62%) Penetration Testing
13 18 (13.85%) SABSA
14 17 (13.08%) Threat Intelligence
15 16 (12.31%) TOGAF
Programming Languages
1 27 (20.77%) Java
1 27 (20.77%) JavaScript
2 26 (20.00%) ES6
2 26 (20.00%) ES7
2 26 (20.00%) Kotlin
2 26 (20.00%) Scala
2 26 (20.00%) TypeScript
3 19 (14.62%) Python
4 11 (8.46%) Bash Shell
5 9 (6.92%) PowerShell
6 8 (6.15%) C
7 7 (5.38%) Perl
8 6 (4.62%) R
9 3 (2.31%) Ruby
10 2 (1.54%) Go
10 2 (1.54%) Lua
11 1 (0.77%) C#
11 1 (0.77%) C++
11 1 (0.77%) PHP
11 1 (0.77%) SQL
Qualifications
1 84 (64.62%) CISSP
2 39 (30.00%) CISM
3 32 (24.62%) GIAC
4 24 (18.46%) Security Cleared
5 22 (16.92%) CompTIA Security+
6 16 (12.31%) CEH
7 15 (11.54%) Cisco Certification
7 15 (11.54%) DV Cleared
8 14 (10.77%) CISA
9 11 (8.46%) CRISC
9 11 (8.46%) Degree
9 11 (8.46%) OSCP
9 11 (8.46%) SSCP
10 10 (7.69%) CREST Certified
10 10 (7.69%) SC Cleared
11 9 (6.92%) CCNA
11 9 (6.92%) CESG Certified Professional
11 9 (6.92%) Microsoft Certification
12 8 (6.15%) MCSE
12 8 (6.15%) Network+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (25.38%) NIST
2 28 (21.54%) QA
3 26 (20.00%) WCAG
4 19 (14.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 11 (8.46%) GDPR
5 11 (8.46%) NCSC
6 9 (6.92%) PCI DSS
7 6 (4.62%) Government Security Classifications
7 6 (4.62%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 6 (4.62%) ISO/IEC 27005
7 6 (4.62%) JSP 440
7 6 (4.62%) NIST 800
7 6 (4.62%) PA-DSS
7 6 (4.62%) RMADS
8 4 (3.08%) SLA
9 2 (1.54%) COBIT
10 1 (0.77%) Cyber Essentials
10 1 (0.77%) GLBA
System Software
1 29 (22.31%) Docker
2 6 (4.62%) Apache Flume
3 2 (1.54%) Active Directory
3 2 (1.54%) NFS
3 2 (1.54%) Samba
3 2 (1.54%) VirtualBox
3 2 (1.54%) VMware ESXi
3 2 (1.54%) VMware Infrastructure
3 2 (1.54%) Xen
4 1 (0.77%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 26 (20.00%) Kubernetes
2 8 (6.15%) CSIRT
2 8 (6.15%) Kibana
3 6 (4.62%) Oozie
4 4 (3.08%) Terraform
5 3 (2.31%) Nessus
5 3 (2.31%) Nmap
5 3 (2.31%) QRadar
6 2 (1.54%) Ansible
6 2 (1.54%) Docker Swarm
6 2 (1.54%) Nagios
6 2 (1.54%) OpenNMS
6 2 (1.54%) Puppet
6 2 (1.54%) vCenter Server
6 2 (1.54%) ZABBIX
7 1 (0.77%) CASB
7 1 (0.77%) EnCase
7 1 (0.77%) Norton AntiVirus
7 1 (0.77%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 17 (13.08%) Splunk
2 13 (10.00%) Microsoft
3 6 (4.62%) BT
4 3 (2.31%) Citrix
4 3 (2.31%) Google
4 3 (2.31%) JD Edwards
4 3 (2.31%) LogRhythm
5 2 (1.54%) Atlassian
5 2 (1.54%) Cisco
5 2 (1.54%) Cloudera
5 2 (1.54%) Dell
5 2 (1.54%) EMC
5 2 (1.54%) Hortonworks
5 2 (1.54%) NetApp
5 2 (1.54%) Okta
5 2 (1.54%) Qualys
5 2 (1.54%) Red Hat
5 2 (1.54%) SolarWinds
5 2 (1.54%) VMware
6 1 (0.77%) Carbon Black