Period
to 2 June 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 2 June 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
UK > England
6 months to
2 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 687 708 719
Rank change year-on-year +21 +11 +59
Permanent jobs citing SANS 168 360 481
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.21% 0.27% 0.30%
As % of the Qualifications category 0.96% 1.09% 1.25%
Number of salaries quoted 150 275 402
Median annual salary £57,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.17% +4.35% -4.17%
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
90th Percentile £85,250 £95,000 £91,125
UK median annual salary £57,500 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year -4.17% +4.35% -4.17%

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 17,579 33,031 38,632
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 21.66% 24.87% 23.82%
Number of salaries quoted 12,873 23,653 29,296
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £29,000 £26,693 £26,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +1.01% +10.00%

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SANS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in England

SANS
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SANS in England.

Salary trend for SANS in England

SANS
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing SANS in England over the 6 months to 2 June 2020.

Salary histogram for SANS in England

SANS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the England region over the 6 months to 2 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +68 83 £57,500 -22.03% 6
South East +106 26 £57,500 +12.20%
North of England +65 21 £61,000 +1.67% 5
Midlands +82 20 £53,000 -11.67% 2
West Midlands +72 20 £53,000 -11.67% 2
East of England +72 16 £55,000 +22.22%
North West +59 11 £57,500 - 5
Yorkshire +65 10 £61,000 -23.75%
South West +65 7 £55,000 +12.82% 1
SANS
UK

For the 6 months to 2 June 2020, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SANS.

1 94 (55.95%) Cybersecurity
2 91 (54.17%) CISSP
2 91 (54.17%) Information Security
3 75 (44.64%) Firewall
4 67 (39.88%) Python
4 67 (39.88%) Security Operations
5 61 (36.31%) SIEM
6 51 (30.36%) Cisco Certification
7 49 (29.17%) Bash Shell
8 48 (28.57%) GIAC
9 46 (27.38%) Vulnerability Management
10 45 (26.79%) Linux
10 45 (26.79%) Degree
11 43 (25.60%) OWASP
11 43 (25.60%) Microsoft
12 42 (25.00%) Penetration Testing
12 42 (25.00%) Threat Intelligence
13 41 (24.40%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
14 38 (22.62%) AWS
14 38 (22.62%) CISM
15 37 (22.02%) Windows
15 37 (22.02%) ITIL
15 37 (22.02%) Agile Software Development
16 36 (21.43%) PowerShell
17 34 (20.24%) Finance
18 33 (19.64%) C
18 33 (19.64%) Azure
19 32 (19.05%) CEH
19 32 (19.05%) CCNA
20 31 (18.45%) Office 365

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 9 (5.36%) SharePoint
2 4 (2.38%) Apache Spark
3 2 (1.19%) Confluence
3 2 (1.19%) Elasticsearch
3 2 (1.19%) OpenStack
Applications
1 11 (6.55%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (2.38%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (1.19%) Gephi
Business Applications
1 2 (1.19%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 38 (22.62%) AWS
2 33 (19.64%) Azure
3 31 (18.45%) Office 365
4 7 (4.17%) GCP
4 7 (4.17%) Virtual Private Cloud
5 5 (2.98%) Akamai
5 5 (2.98%) Power Platform
5 5 (2.98%) PowerApps
6 4 (2.38%) Cloudflare
7 2 (1.19%) OpenShift
8 1 (0.60%) Amazon EC2
8 1 (0.60%) Amazon ELB
8 1 (0.60%) Amazon S3
8 1 (0.60%) AWS CloudFormation
8 1 (0.60%) AWS Lambda
8 1 (0.60%) Cloud Computing
8 1 (0.60%) IaaS
8 1 (0.60%) PaaS
8 1 (0.60%) SaaS
8 1 (0.60%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 75 (44.64%) Firewall
2 19 (11.31%) Internet
3 17 (10.12%) VPN
4 16 (9.52%) Intrusion Detection
4 16 (9.52%) Network Security
5 15 (8.93%) TCP/IP
6 8 (4.76%) IPsec
7 7 (4.17%) HTTP
7 7 (4.17%) SNMP
8 6 (3.57%) DNS
8 6 (3.57%) SAN
9 5 (2.98%) MPLS
10 4 (2.38%) 802.11
10 4 (2.38%) VLAN
10 4 (2.38%) Wireshark
11 3 (1.79%) LAN
11 3 (1.79%) tcpdump
11 3 (1.79%) WAN
12 2 (1.19%) DHCP
12 2 (1.19%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 20 (11.90%) Big Data
2 5 (2.98%) Power BI
3 2 (1.19%) Apache Hive
3 2 (1.19%) Impala
4 1 (0.60%) Amazon RDS
4 1 (0.60%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 7 (4.17%) Bitbucket
1 7 (4.17%) Git (software)
1 7 (4.17%) JIRA
2 6 (3.57%) Burp Suite
3 5 (2.98%) ReSharper
3 5 (2.98%) SonarQube
4 4 (2.38%) git-flow
4 4 (2.38%) Jenkins
4 4 (2.38%) Metasploit
5 3 (1.79%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 3 (1.79%) GitLab
5 3 (1.79%) Team Foundation Server
6 2 (1.19%) Bitbucket Server
General
1 34 (20.24%) Finance
2 27 (16.07%) Legal
3 22 (13.10%) Marketing
3 22 (13.10%) Public Sector
4 19 (11.31%) Manufacturing
5 16 (9.52%) Telecoms
6 14 (8.33%) Electronics
7 9 (5.36%) Retail
8 3 (1.79%) Banking
9 1 (0.60%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.60%) Games
Job Titles
1 34 (20.24%) Analyst
2 33 (19.64%) Security Engineer
3 19 (11.31%) Security Analyst
4 16 (9.52%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 15 (8.93%) Security Specialist
6 13 (7.74%) Penetration Tester
6 13 (7.74%) Tester
7 12 (7.14%) Platform Engineer
8 11 (6.55%) Security Manager
9 10 (5.95%) Cybersecurity Manager
9 10 (5.95%) Senior Analyst
10 8 (4.76%) Operations Engineer
10 8 (4.76%) Senior Security Engineer
11 7 (4.17%) Architect
11 7 (4.17%) Consultant
11 7 (4.17%) Operations Analyst
11 7 (4.17%) Security Architect
11 7 (4.17%) Security Operations Analyst
11 7 (4.17%) Security Penetration Tester
11 7 (4.17%) Security Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13 (7.74%) .NET
2 6 (3.57%) Web Services
3 5 (2.98%) .NET Core
3 5 (2.98%) .NET Framework
3 5 (2.98%) Kafka
4 4 (2.38%) 802.1X
5 3 (1.79%) React
6 2 (1.19%) AngularJS
6 2 (1.19%) ASP.NET
6 2 (1.19%) Elastic Stack
6 2 (1.19%) GraphQL
6 2 (1.19%) Node.js
6 2 (1.19%) REST
6 2 (1.19%) Spring
6 2 (1.19%) Spring MVC
6 2 (1.19%) Vue.js
7 1 (0.60%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 29 (17.26%) Analytical Skills
2 26 (15.48%) Management Information System
3 22 (13.10%) Public Cloud
4 20 (11.90%) Security Operations Centre
5 16 (9.52%) Enterprise Storage
6 15 (8.93%) Cyberthreat
7 9 (5.36%) PKI
8 8 (4.76%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 6 (3.57%) Cyberattack
9 6 (3.57%) Mobile App
10 5 (2.98%) Blog
10 5 (2.98%) Cloud Native
10 5 (2.98%) Cyber Defence
11 4 (2.38%) Cyber Kill Chain
11 4 (2.38%) SCADA
11 4 (2.38%) Self-Motivation
11 4 (2.38%) Social Media
12 3 (1.79%) Cybercrime
13 2 (1.19%) Analytical Mindset
13 2 (1.19%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 45 (26.79%) Linux
2 37 (22.02%) Windows
3 16 (9.52%) CentOS
3 16 (9.52%) Fedora
3 16 (9.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 16 (9.52%) Ubuntu
4 14 (8.33%) Unix
5 8 (4.76%) Mac OS
6 6 (3.57%) Kali Linux
7 5 (2.98%) Apple iOS
8 3 (1.79%) Android
8 3 (1.79%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.60%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 94 (55.95%) Cybersecurity
2 91 (54.17%) Information Security
3 67 (39.88%) Security Operations
4 61 (36.31%) SIEM
5 46 (27.38%) Vulnerability Management
6 43 (25.60%) OWASP
7 42 (25.00%) Penetration Testing
7 42 (25.00%) Threat Intelligence
8 41 (24.40%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
9 37 (22.02%) Agile Software Development
9 37 (22.02%) ITIL
10 31 (18.45%) SDLC
11 29 (17.26%) Security Testing
12 27 (16.07%) Service Management
13 24 (14.29%) Task Automation
14 23 (13.69%) Service Delivery
15 22 (13.10%) Configuration Management
15 22 (13.10%) DevSecOps
15 22 (13.10%) Security Monitoring
15 22 (13.10%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 67 (39.88%) Python
2 49 (29.17%) Bash Shell
3 36 (21.43%) PowerShell
4 33 (19.64%) C
5 19 (11.31%) Java
6 14 (8.33%) C#
7 10 (5.95%) C++
7 10 (5.95%) Perl
8 6 (3.57%) Go
9 5 (2.98%) JavaScript
9 5 (2.98%) Shell Script
10 4 (2.38%) Clojure
10 4 (2.38%) Lua
10 4 (2.38%) Ruby
10 4 (2.38%) Scala
11 3 (1.79%) SQL
12 2 (1.19%) R
13 1 (0.60%) PHP
Qualifications
1 91 (54.17%) CISSP
2 51 (30.36%) Cisco Certification
3 48 (28.57%) GIAC
4 45 (26.79%) Degree
5 38 (22.62%) CISM
6 32 (19.05%) CCNA
6 32 (19.05%) CEH
7 30 (17.86%) CREST Certified
7 30 (17.86%) Security Cleared
8 28 (16.67%) OSCP
9 22 (13.10%) CompTIA Security+
9 22 (13.10%) SSCP
10 21 (12.50%) CCNP
10 21 (12.50%) Network+ Certification
11 20 (11.90%) Linux+ Certification
11 20 (11.90%) MCSE
11 20 (11.90%) Microsoft Certification
12 19 (11.31%) DV Cleared
13 17 (10.12%) GPEN
14 14 (8.33%) GCIH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (16.67%) NIST
2 21 (12.50%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 15 (8.93%) COBIT
4 9 (5.36%) QA
5 7 (4.17%) PCI DSS
6 5 (2.98%) AICPA
6 5 (2.98%) ISO 14001
6 5 (2.98%) ISO 9001
7 4 (2.38%) Cyber Essentials
7 4 (2.38%) GDPR
7 4 (2.38%) NIST 800
7 4 (2.38%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 2 (1.19%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 2 (1.19%) NCSC
System Software
1 31 (18.45%) Docker
2 27 (16.07%) VMware Infrastructure
3 20 (11.90%) Active Directory
4 16 (9.52%) NFS
4 16 (9.52%) Samba
4 16 (9.52%) VirtualBox
4 16 (9.52%) VMware ESXi
4 16 (9.52%) Xen
5 2 (1.19%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 20 (11.90%) Ansible
1 20 (11.90%) Kubernetes
2 16 (9.52%) Docker Swarm
2 16 (9.52%) Nagios
2 16 (9.52%) OpenNMS
2 16 (9.52%) Puppet
2 16 (9.52%) QRadar
2 16 (9.52%) vCenter Server
2 16 (9.52%) ZABBIX
3 11 (6.55%) Terraform
4 8 (4.76%) Nessus
5 6 (3.57%) Nmap
6 3 (1.79%) CASB
6 3 (1.79%) CSIRT
6 3 (1.79%) Network Intrusion Detection System
7 2 (1.19%) Host Intrusion Detection System
7 2 (1.19%) Kibana
7 2 (1.19%) Oozie
8 1 (0.60%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
8 1 (0.60%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 43 (25.60%) Microsoft
2 27 (16.07%) VMware
3 25 (14.88%) Splunk
4 16 (9.52%) Cisco
4 16 (9.52%) Cloudera
4 16 (9.52%) Dell
4 16 (9.52%) EMC
4 16 (9.52%) Hortonworks
4 16 (9.52%) NetApp
4 16 (9.52%) Red Hat
4 16 (9.52%) SolarWinds
5 14 (8.33%) IBM
5 14 (8.33%) LogRhythm
5 14 (8.33%) SAP
6 13 (7.74%) CyberArk
7 11 (6.55%) ArcSight
8 10 (5.95%) BeyondTrust
8 10 (5.95%) Bomgar
8 10 (5.95%) NetWitness
8 10 (5.95%) Palo Alto