Period
to 15 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 15 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
UK > England
6 months to
15 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 617 847 756
Rank change year-on-year +230 -91 +171
Permanent jobs citing SANS 572 329 499
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.38% 0.19% 0.28%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.58% 0.80% 1.05%
Number of salaries quoted 372 245 419
England median annual salary £55,000 £57,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.35% - -4.17%
10th Percentile £38,300 £37,500 £40,000
90th Percentile £82,500 £88,750 £81,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £57,500 £57,500
% change year-on-year -4.35% - -4.17%

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 36,237 41,005 47,409
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 23.89% 24.23% 26.29%
Number of salaries quoted 26,993 31,725 38,316
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +2.22%
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SANS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in England

SANS
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SANS in England.

Salary trend for SANS in England

SANS
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SANS in England over the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

Salary histogram for SANS in England

SANS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the England region over the 6 months to 15 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +39 164 £65,000 -7.14% 28
East of England +132 133 £65,000 +39.78% 3
North of England +116 118 £45,000 -10.45% 7
North West +128 112 £45,000 -10.45% 4
South East +78 90 £56,500 -29.38% 3
South West +3 42 £45,000 - 4
Midlands +25 16 £45,500 +18.18% 2
West Midlands +36 8 £45,500 +18.18% 2
Yorkshire +22 6 £63,750 +34.21% 3
East Midlands +5 5 £39,000 -32.17%
SANS
UK

For the 6 months to 15 November 2018, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SANS.

1 442 (77.27%) CISSP
2 307 (53.67%) Cybersecurity
3 302 (52.80%) Information Security
4 258 (45.10%) SIEM
5 251 (43.88%) Windows
6 240 (41.96%) Microsoft
7 232 (40.56%) Penetration Testing
8 225 (39.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 219 (38.29%) Linux
10 218 (38.11%) GIAC
11 188 (32.87%) SSCP
12 179 (31.29%) CISM
12 179 (31.29%) Security Operations
13 171 (29.90%) Firewall
14 161 (28.15%) Cisco
15 155 (27.10%) Vulnerability Management
16 152 (26.57%) VMware
17 141 (24.65%) Cisco Certification
17 141 (24.65%) CompTIA Security+
18 138 (24.13%) Mentoring
19 129 (22.55%) Finance
20 128 (22.38%) Management Information System
21 127 (22.20%) CISA
22 122 (21.33%) Network Security
23 120 (20.98%) Cyber Kill Chain
24 116 (20.28%) PCI DSS
24 116 (20.28%) OWASP
24 116 (20.28%) CREST Certified
25 115 (20.10%) GDPR
26 111 (19.41%) Threat Analysis

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (6.82%) Apache Pig
2 9 (1.57%) ExpressionEngine
2 9 (1.57%) WordPress
3 1 (0.17%) CMS
3 1 (0.17%) Elasticsearch
3 1 (0.17%) Exchange Server 2013
3 1 (0.17%) IIS
3 1 (0.17%) MS Exchange
3 1 (0.17%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 81 (14.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 2 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
Cloud Services
1 43 (7.52%) Amazon AWS
2 28 (4.90%) Office 365
3 27 (4.72%) Microsoft Azure
4 24 (4.20%) Mimecast
5 18 (3.15%) Google Cloud Platform
6 14 (2.45%) SaaS
7 10 (1.75%) IaaS
8 8 (1.40%) Serverless
9 3 (0.52%) Cloud Computing
10 2 (0.35%) Google Drive
10 2 (0.35%) OpenDNS
11 1 (0.17%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 171 (29.90%) Firewall
2 122 (21.33%) Network Security
3 85 (14.86%) TCP/IP
4 83 (14.51%) Wi-Fi
5 79 (13.81%) Intrusion Detection
6 50 (8.74%) HTTP
6 50 (8.74%) SSL
7 30 (5.24%) Wireshark
8 28 (4.90%) Internet
9 17 (2.97%) DKIM
9 17 (2.97%) DMARC
10 16 (2.80%) FCoE
10 16 (2.80%) SNMP
11 11 (1.92%) Wireless
12 8 (1.40%) Cisco Firepower
12 8 (1.40%) DNS
12 8 (1.40%) Sourcefire
13 6 (1.05%) ATM
14 5 (0.87%) Broadband
14 5 (0.87%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (9.44%) Big Data
2 41 (7.17%) Hadoop
3 39 (6.82%) Apache Hive
4 38 (6.64%) MySQL
4 38 (6.64%) SQL Server
5 9 (1.57%) MongoDB
6 1 (0.17%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 54 (9.44%) JIRA
2 38 (6.64%) Atlassian Bamboo
2 38 (6.64%) Bitbucket
2 38 (6.64%) CodeSonar
2 38 (6.64%) Git (software)
2 38 (6.64%) git-flow
2 38 (6.64%) Robot Framework
2 38 (6.64%) Selenium
3 24 (4.20%) Metasploit
4 16 (2.80%) Redmine
5 6 (1.05%) Burp Suite
6 2 (0.35%) AppScan
7 1 (0.17%) SoapUI
7 1 (0.17%) SonarQube
General
1 129 (22.55%) Finance
2 110 (19.23%) Legal
3 75 (13.11%) Retail
4 18 (3.15%) Games
5 15 (2.62%) Banking
6 14 (2.45%) Marketing
7 8 (1.40%) Telecoms
8 7 (1.22%) Electronics
8 7 (1.22%) Manufacturing
9 6 (1.05%) Publishing
10 5 (0.87%) Investment Banking
10 5 (0.87%) Law
10 5 (0.87%) Local Government
11 4 (0.70%) Pharmaceutical
12 2 (0.35%) Aerospace
13 1 (0.17%) Automotive
13 1 (0.17%) Financial Institution
13 1 (0.17%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 230 (40.21%) Analyst
2 156 (27.27%) Security Analyst
3 130 (22.73%) Senior Analyst
4 112 (19.58%) Senior Security Analyst
5 90 (15.73%) IT Analyst
5 90 (15.73%) IT Security Analyst
6 89 (15.56%) Senior IT Security Analyst
7 88 (15.38%) Security Engineer
8 60 (10.49%) SOC Analyst
9 50 (8.74%) Security Manager
10 45 (7.87%) Architect
11 43 (7.52%) Cybersecurity Analyst
12 42 (7.34%) Security Architect
13 38 (6.64%) Java Engineer
13 38 (6.64%) Software Engineer
14 37 (6.47%) Consultant
15 33 (5.77%) C++ Software Engineer
15 33 (5.77%) Java Software Engineer
16 29 (5.07%) Security Consultant
17 28 (4.90%) Engineering Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 51 (8.92%) Node.js
2 48 (8.39%) .NET
3 43 (7.52%) LAMP
3 43 (7.52%) SOAP
4 42 (7.34%) Java EE
4 42 (7.34%) REST
5 41 (7.17%) STL
6 39 (6.82%) ASP.NET
7 38 (6.64%) .NET Framework
7 38 (6.64%) Django
7 38 (6.64%) RabbitMQ
7 38 (6.64%) Spring MVC
8 21 (3.67%) Web Services
9 12 (2.10%) Regular Expression
10 2 (0.35%) JSON
10 2 (0.35%) XML
11 1 (0.17%) Ajax
11 1 (0.17%) Elastic Stack
11 1 (0.17%) HTML
11 1 (0.17%) ModSecurity
Miscellaneous
1 128 (22.38%) Management Information System
2 120 (20.98%) Cyber Kill Chain
3 103 (18.01%) Security Operations Centre
4 61 (10.66%) Analytical Skills
5 36 (6.29%) PKI
6 33 (5.77%) Cyberthreat
7 32 (5.59%) Computer Science
8 28 (4.90%) Self-Motivation
9 18 (3.15%) Data Centre
10 13 (2.27%) Algorithms
11 12 (2.10%) Cyber Defence
12 11 (1.92%) Fintech
13 10 (1.75%) CESG
14 9 (1.57%) Cyberattack
15 8 (1.40%) Enterprise Storage
16 6 (1.05%) Cybercrime
17 4 (0.70%) Cloud Native
17 4 (0.70%) User Experience
18 3 (0.52%) Data Structures
19 2 (0.35%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
Operating Systems
1 251 (43.88%) Windows
2 219 (38.29%) Linux
3 86 (15.03%) Unix
4 42 (7.34%) Mac OS X
5 41 (7.17%) Android
5 41 (7.17%) Apple iOS
6 22 (3.85%) Kali Linux
7 16 (2.80%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 14 (2.45%) CentOS
9 8 (1.40%) Fedora
9 8 (1.40%) Ubuntu
10 5 (0.87%) Debian
10 5 (0.87%) Solaris
11 1 (0.17%) AIX
11 1 (0.17%) HPUX
11 1 (0.17%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.17%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 307 (53.67%) Cybersecurity
2 302 (52.80%) Information Security
3 258 (45.10%) SIEM
4 232 (40.56%) Penetration Testing
5 179 (31.29%) Security Operations
6 155 (27.10%) Vulnerability Management
7 138 (24.13%) Mentoring
8 116 (20.28%) OWASP
9 111 (19.41%) Threat Analysis
10 110 (19.23%) Due Diligence
11 98 (17.13%) Data Protection
12 90 (15.73%) Disaster Recovery
13 86 (15.03%) Business Continuity
14 84 (14.69%) Problem-Solving
14 84 (14.69%) Risk Analysis
14 84 (14.69%) Web Development
15 81 (14.16%) Risk Management
15 81 (14.16%) Scenario Testing
16 80 (13.99%) Reverse Engineering
17 74 (12.94%) Security Architecture
Programming Languages
1 110 (19.23%) SQL
2 88 (15.38%) Python
3 85 (14.86%) C
4 68 (11.89%) Bash Shell
5 67 (11.71%) PowerShell
6 65 (11.36%) Java
7 64 (11.19%) C++
8 55 (9.62%) C#
9 51 (8.92%) PHP
10 42 (7.34%) Objective-C
11 40 (6.99%) JavaScript
12 31 (5.42%) Perl
13 22 (3.85%) Ruby
14 15 (2.62%) Go
14 15 (2.62%) Korn
14 15 (2.62%) VB
15 6 (1.05%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 442 (77.27%) CISSP
2 218 (38.11%) GIAC
3 188 (32.87%) SSCP
4 179 (31.29%) CISM
5 141 (24.65%) Cisco Certification
5 141 (24.65%) CompTIA Security+
6 127 (22.20%) CISA
7 116 (20.28%) CREST Certified
8 107 (18.71%) Microsoft Certification
9 106 (18.53%) MCSE
10 102 (17.83%) CSSLP
11 96 (16.78%) Security Cleared
12 85 (14.86%) CEH
13 76 (13.29%) CCNA
14 71 (12.41%) Network+ Certification
15 66 (11.54%) DV Cleared
15 66 (11.54%) Linux+ Certification
16 57 (9.97%) (ISC)2 CCSP
17 56 (9.79%) CCSP
18 52 (9.09%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 225 (39.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 116 (20.28%) PCI DSS
3 115 (20.10%) GDPR
4 24 (4.20%) Cyber Essentials
5 14 (2.45%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 11 (1.92%) GPG13
7 9 (1.57%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 7 (1.22%) HIPAA
9 6 (1.05%) COBIT
10 4 (0.70%) FIPS 140-2
11 2 (0.35%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 2 (0.35%) SLA
11 2 (0.35%) Web Application Security Consortium
12 1 (0.17%) ISO 9001
12 1 (0.17%) NIST 800
System Software
1 106 (18.53%) VMware Infrastructure
2 50 (8.74%) Docker
3 39 (6.82%) vSphere
4 24 (4.20%) NFS
4 24 (4.20%) Samba
4 24 (4.20%) VMware ESXi
5 16 (2.80%) VMware NSX
6 13 (2.27%) Snort
7 8 (1.40%) VirtualBox
7 8 (1.40%) Xen
8 3 (0.52%) Active Directory
9 2 (0.35%) Squid
10 1 (0.17%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 62 (10.84%) Puppet
2 38 (6.64%) Salt
3 35 (6.12%) Nessus
4 25 (4.37%) RSA Security Analytics
5 24 (4.20%) Ansible
5 24 (4.20%) Nagios
5 24 (4.20%) vCenter Server
6 19 (3.32%) CSIRT
7 17 (2.97%) Host Intrusion Detection System
7 17 (2.97%) Norton AntiVirus
8 14 (2.45%) CASB
8 14 (2.45%) Nmap
9 12 (2.10%) Kubernetes
10 11 (1.92%) QRadar
11 8 (1.40%) Docker Swarm
11 8 (1.40%) Nexpose
11 8 (1.40%) OpenNMS
11 8 (1.40%) ZABBIX
12 7 (1.22%) EnCase
12 7 (1.22%) FTK
Vendors
1 240 (41.96%) Microsoft
2 161 (28.15%) Cisco
3 152 (26.57%) VMware
4 94 (16.43%) Symantec
5 52 (9.09%) Splunk
6 51 (8.92%) Red Hat
6 51 (8.92%) Sophos
7 34 (5.94%) Qualys
8 33 (5.77%) Forcepoint
9 25 (4.37%) EMC
10 24 (4.20%) NetApp
10 24 (4.20%) SolarWinds
11 23 (4.02%) McAfee
12 21 (3.67%) Google
13 17 (2.97%) LogRhythm
14 15 (2.62%) ArcSight
15 13 (2.27%) CheckPoint
16 12 (2.10%) CyberArk
16 12 (2.10%) Netsparker
17 11 (1.92%) Palo Alto