Period
to 15 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 15 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
UK > England
6 months to
15 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 706 816 839
Rank change year-on-year +110 +23 +222
Permanent jobs citing SANS 483 365 433
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.29% 0.22% 0.23%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.23% 0.88% 0.83%
Number of salaries quoted 343 272 365
England median annual salary £57,500 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.17% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £37,500 £37,050 £41,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £82,500 £82,500
UK median annual salary £57,500 £60,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year -4.17% - +9.09%

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 39,195 41,583 51,875
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 23.84% 24.72% 27.09%
Number of salaries quoted 29,336 32,512 42,260
England median annual salary £50,000 £45,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.89% -4.21% +5.56%
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £76,250
UK median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,500
% change year-on-year +11.11% -1.10% +1.11%

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SANS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in England

SANS
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SANS in England.

Salary trend for SANS in England

SANS
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SANS in England over the 6 months to 15 July 2018.

Salary histogram for SANS in England

SANS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the England region over the 6 months to 15 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +13 204 £70,000 +12.00% 14
South East +31 89 £55,000 - 5
East of England +64 72 £40,000 -15.79% 8
North of England +8 50 £57,500 -4.17% 3
Midlands +21 39 £61,250 +8.89% 7
North West +26 37 £55,000 +4.76% 3
South West -35 29 £45,000 +5.88% 4
West Midlands +19 18 £60,000 +14.29% 6
East Midlands +25 14 £70,000 -12.50% 1
Yorkshire +21 13 £77,500 +24.00%
SANS
UK

For the 6 months to 15 July 2018, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SANS.

1 371 (76.81%) CISSP
2 269 (55.69%) Cybersecurity
3 247 (51.14%) CISM
4 204 (42.24%) Information Security
5 199 (41.20%) GIAC
6 171 (35.40%) OWASP
7 155 (32.09%) Windows
8 151 (31.26%) Penetration Testing
9 146 (30.23%) CISA
9 146 (30.23%) SIEM
10 141 (29.19%) Security Operations
11 140 (28.99%) SSCP
12 134 (27.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 132 (27.33%) CSSLP
14 125 (25.88%) Microsoft
15 123 (25.47%) CompTIA Security+
16 122 (25.26%) Firewall
17 116 (24.02%) Security Architecture
18 111 (22.98%) Linux
19 106 (21.95%) CEH
20 91 (18.84%) Cisco Certification
21 81 (16.77%) Finance
22 75 (15.53%) Ethical Hacking
22 75 (15.53%) CCNA
23 72 (14.91%) Symantec
24 71 (14.70%) Management Information System
25 69 (14.29%) Unix
26 68 (14.08%) Python
27 64 (13.25%) Agile Software Development
28 63 (13.04%) Problem-Solving

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (6.00%) Apache Pig
2 8 (1.66%) IIS
3 5 (1.04%) Apache
4 3 (0.62%) JBoss
4 3 (0.62%) Tomcat
5 2 (0.41%) WebSphere
6 1 (0.21%) CMS
6 1 (0.21%) Exchange Server 2013
6 1 (0.21%) MS Exchange
6 1 (0.21%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 2 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Cloud Services
1 51 (10.56%) Amazon AWS
2 43 (8.90%) Microsoft Azure
3 31 (6.42%) Google Cloud Platform
4 24 (4.97%) Office 365
5 16 (3.31%) Mimecast
6 14 (2.90%) SaaS
7 13 (2.69%) Cloud Computing
8 6 (1.24%) Serverless
9 2 (0.41%) IaaS
10 1 (0.21%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 122 (25.26%) Firewall
2 57 (11.80%) TCP/IP
3 40 (8.28%) Intrusion Detection
4 35 (7.25%) Network Security
5 34 (7.04%) SSL
6 28 (5.80%) HTTP
7 16 (3.31%) DKIM
7 16 (3.31%) DMARC
8 14 (2.90%) Internet
8 14 (2.90%) Wireshark
9 13 (2.69%) SAN
10 10 (2.07%) SNMP
10 10 (2.07%) VPN
11 9 (1.86%) Cisco Firepower
11 9 (1.86%) FCoE
12 7 (1.45%) VoIP
12 7 (1.45%) Wireless
13 5 (1.04%) DNS
13 5 (1.04%) WAN
14 4 (0.83%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 50 (10.35%) Big Data
2 30 (6.21%) Hadoop
2 30 (6.21%) SQL Server
3 29 (6.00%) Apache Hive
4 28 (5.80%) MySQL
5 2 (0.41%) GIS
6 1 (0.21%) Maltego
6 1 (0.21%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 36 (7.45%) JIRA
2 33 (6.83%) Git (software)
3 27 (5.59%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 27 (5.59%) Bitbucket
3 27 (5.59%) CodeSonar
3 27 (5.59%) git-flow
3 27 (5.59%) Robot Framework
3 27 (5.59%) Selenium
4 9 (1.86%) Metasploit
4 9 (1.86%) Redmine
5 4 (0.83%) Burp Suite
6 3 (0.62%) Jenkins
6 3 (0.62%) SpecFlow
6 3 (0.62%) Team Foundation Server
7 2 (0.41%) AppScan
7 2 (0.41%) SoapUI
General
1 81 (16.77%) Finance
2 41 (8.49%) Retail
3 20 (4.14%) Banking
3 20 (4.14%) Games
4 19 (3.93%) Legal
5 6 (1.24%) Local Government
5 6 (1.24%) Retail Banking
5 6 (1.24%) Telecoms
6 4 (0.83%) Financial Institution
7 3 (0.62%) Investment Banking
8 2 (0.41%) Advertising
8 2 (0.41%) Aerospace
8 2 (0.41%) Marketing
8 2 (0.41%) Military
8 2 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
8 2 (0.41%) Private Banking
9 1 (0.21%) Automotive
9 1 (0.21%) Billing
9 1 (0.21%) Law
Job Titles
1 106 (21.95%) Analyst
2 86 (17.81%) Security Engineer
3 79 (16.36%) Security Analyst
4 61 (12.63%) Architect
5 59 (12.22%) Security Architect
6 57 (11.80%) Security Manager
7 28 (5.80%) Tester
8 27 (5.59%) Penetration Tester
8 27 (5.59%) Software Engineer
9 26 (5.38%) Operational Security Manager
9 26 (5.38%) Operations Manager
9 26 (5.38%) Security Operations Manager
10 24 (4.97%) Consultant
10 24 (4.97%) Information Analyst
11 23 (4.76%) C++ Software Engineer
11 23 (4.76%) Information Security Analyst
11 23 (4.76%) Java Engineer
11 23 (4.76%) Java Software Engineer
12 21 (4.35%) SOC Analyst
13 20 (4.14%) C# Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 33 (6.83%) .NET
1 33 (6.83%) REST
2 31 (6.42%) ASP.NET
2 31 (6.42%) Java EE
2 31 (6.42%) LAMP
3 29 (6.00%) STL
4 27 (5.59%) .NET Framework
4 27 (5.59%) Django
4 27 (5.59%) Node.js
4 27 (5.59%) RabbitMQ
4 27 (5.59%) SOAP
4 27 (5.59%) Spring MVC
5 12 (2.48%) Web Services
6 6 (1.24%) WCF
7 5 (1.04%) HTML
8 3 (0.62%) CSS
8 3 (0.62%) jQuery
8 3 (0.62%) JSON
8 3 (0.62%) LDAP
8 3 (0.62%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 71 (14.70%) Management Information System
2 57 (11.80%) Security Operations Centre
3 43 (8.90%) Analytical Skills
4 32 (6.63%) Computer Science
5 26 (5.38%) PKI
6 25 (5.18%) Cyber Kill Chain
7 23 (4.76%) Cyber Defence
8 17 (3.52%) Data Centre
9 15 (3.11%) Cyberthreat
10 14 (2.90%) Fintech
11 9 (1.86%) Algorithms
11 9 (1.86%) Self-Motivation
12 7 (1.45%) Data Structures
13 6 (1.24%) CESG
13 6 (1.24%) Cyberattack
14 5 (1.04%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
14 5 (1.04%) Enterprise Software
15 4 (0.83%) PMI
16 3 (0.62%) Cybercrime
16 3 (0.62%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 155 (32.09%) Windows
2 111 (22.98%) Linux
3 69 (14.29%) Unix
4 37 (7.66%) Android
5 35 (7.25%) Apple iOS
6 28 (5.80%) Mac OS X
7 14 (2.90%) Windows Server
8 12 (2.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 8 (1.66%) Kali Linux
10 7 (1.45%) CentOS
10 7 (1.45%) Windows 10
11 6 (1.24%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.62%) Fedora
12 3 (0.62%) Ubuntu
13 2 (0.41%) Solaris
13 2 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
14 1 (0.21%) AIX
14 1 (0.21%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 269 (55.69%) Cybersecurity
2 204 (42.24%) Information Security
3 171 (35.40%) OWASP
4 151 (31.26%) Penetration Testing
5 146 (30.23%) SIEM
6 141 (29.19%) Security Operations
7 116 (24.02%) Security Architecture
8 75 (15.53%) Ethical Hacking
9 64 (13.25%) Agile Software Development
10 63 (13.04%) Problem-Solving
11 59 (12.22%) Vulnerability Management
12 58 (12.01%) Risk Management
13 50 (10.35%) Test Automation
13 50 (10.35%) Use Case
14 47 (9.73%) Software Engineering
15 46 (9.52%) Continuous Improvement
15 46 (9.52%) Reverse Engineering
16 43 (8.90%) Stakeholder Management
17 42 (8.70%) Data Loss Prevention
17 42 (8.70%) Threat Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 68 (14.08%) Python
2 57 (11.80%) C
3 53 (10.97%) Java
4 50 (10.35%) C++
5 47 (9.73%) Bash Shell
5 47 (9.73%) C#
6 39 (8.07%) JavaScript
6 39 (8.07%) PowerShell
7 37 (7.66%) PHP
8 32 (6.63%) Objective-C
9 22 (4.55%) Perl
10 13 (2.69%) Ruby
11 11 (2.28%) Shell Script
11 11 (2.28%) SQL
12 9 (1.86%) Go
12 9 (1.86%) Korn
13 3 (0.62%) VB
Qualifications
1 371 (76.81%) CISSP
2 247 (51.14%) CISM
3 199 (41.20%) GIAC
4 146 (30.23%) CISA
5 140 (28.99%) SSCP
6 132 (27.33%) CSSLP
7 123 (25.47%) CompTIA Security+
8 106 (21.95%) CEH
9 91 (18.84%) Cisco Certification
10 75 (15.53%) CCNA
11 62 (12.84%) Security Cleared
12 58 (12.01%) MCSE
12 58 (12.01%) Microsoft Certification
13 49 (10.14%) Degree
14 45 (9.32%) Network+ Certification
15 43 (8.90%) Linux+ Certification
16 42 (8.70%) DV Cleared
17 29 (6.00%) CRISC
18 26 (5.38%) OSCP
19 25 (5.18%) GCIH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 134 (27.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 55 (11.39%) PCI DSS
3 37 (7.66%) GDPR
4 31 (6.42%) GCP
5 30 (6.21%) HIPAA
6 16 (3.31%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 13 (2.69%) COBIT
7 13 (2.69%) Cyber Essentials
8 10 (2.07%) ISAE 3402
9 4 (0.83%) COSO
9 4 (0.83%) GPG13
9 4 (0.83%) ISO 9001
9 4 (0.83%) Web Application Security Consortium
10 3 (0.62%) Actionable Recommendations
10 3 (0.62%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 3 (0.62%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 3 (0.62%) SLA
11 2 (0.41%) FIPS 140-2
11 2 (0.41%) PSD2
11 2 (0.41%) QA
System Software
1 32 (6.63%) Docker
2 28 (5.80%) vSphere
3 15 (3.11%) Active Directory
4 12 (2.48%) NFS
4 12 (2.48%) Samba
4 12 (2.48%) VMware ESXi
4 12 (2.48%) VMware Infrastructure
5 9 (1.86%) VMware NSX
6 4 (0.83%) Snort
7 3 (0.62%) VirtualBox
7 3 (0.62%) Xen
8 1 (0.21%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 42 (8.70%) Puppet
2 30 (6.21%) Nessus
3 27 (5.59%) Salt
4 18 (3.73%) Single Sign-On
5 17 (3.52%) RSA Security Analytics
6 12 (2.48%) Ansible
6 12 (2.48%) Nagios
6 12 (2.48%) vCenter Server
7 9 (1.86%) Nmap
8 7 (1.45%) QRadar
9 5 (1.04%) CASB
9 5 (1.04%) Kubernetes
9 5 (1.04%) Norton AntiVirus
10 3 (0.62%) Docker Swarm
10 3 (0.62%) OpenNMS
10 3 (0.62%) Opscode Chef
10 3 (0.62%) Red Hat Satellite
10 3 (0.62%) SCOM
10 3 (0.62%) WebInspect
10 3 (0.62%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 125 (25.88%) Microsoft
2 72 (14.91%) Symantec
3 54 (11.18%) Cisco
4 45 (9.32%) Sophos
5 34 (7.04%) Qualys
5 34 (7.04%) VMware
6 33 (6.83%) Splunk
7 29 (6.00%) Veracode
8 27 (5.59%) Red Hat
9 22 (4.55%) Rapid7
10 21 (4.35%) Forcepoint
11 16 (3.31%) McAfee
12 15 (3.11%) NetApp
13 14 (2.90%) Palo Alto
14 12 (2.48%) CheckPoint
14 12 (2.48%) EMC
14 12 (2.48%) SolarWinds
15 11 (2.28%) LogRhythm
16 10 (2.07%) Fortinet
17 9 (1.86%) ArcSight