Period
to 13 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 13 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
UK > England
6 months to
13 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 815 639 867
Rank change year-on-year -176 +228 -113
Permanent jobs citing SANS 222 560 322
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.17% 0.37% 0.19%
As % of the Qualifications category 0.76% 1.55% 0.79%
Number of salaries quoted 187 364 241
England median annual salary £62,163 £55,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +13.02% -4.35% -
10th Percentile £41,250 £38,400 £37,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £82,500 £88,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% -4.35% -

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 29,175 36,181 40,785
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 22.95% 23.86% 24.22%
Number of salaries quoted 21,631 26,977 31,552
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +3.26%
10th Percentile £27,500 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £82,500 £82,500 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SANS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in England

SANS
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SANS in England.

Salary trend for SANS in England

SANS
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SANS in England over the 6 months to 13 November 2019.

Salary histogram for SANS in England

SANS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the England region over the 6 months to 13 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +39 113 £72,500 +13.73% 12
South West -8 30 £55,000 +22.22% 1
North of England -51 29 £46,500 +3.33% 1
Yorkshire +26 23 £51,250 -19.61%
Midlands +48 22 £52,500 +15.38% 4
West Midlands +33 20 £52,500 +39.07% 4
South East -26 19 £60,000 +6.19% 3
East of England -56 9 £52,500 -19.23% 1
North West -54 6 £34,000 -24.44% 1
East Midlands +22 2 £85,000 +117.95%
SANS
UK

For the 6 months to 13 November 2019, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SANS.

1 169 (76.13%) Cybersecurity
2 143 (64.41%) CISSP
3 104 (46.85%) GIAC
4 99 (44.59%) Firewall
4 99 (44.59%) Information Security
5 96 (43.24%) Cisco Certification
6 81 (36.49%) Penetration Testing
7 77 (34.68%) Linux
8 76 (34.23%) Security Operations
9 71 (31.98%) AWS
10 69 (31.08%) CISM
11 68 (30.63%) Azure
12 67 (30.18%) CCNA
13 65 (29.28%) SIEM
14 63 (28.38%) TCP/IP
15 60 (27.03%) SSCP
15 60 (27.03%) Degree
15 60 (27.03%) CompTIA Security+
16 56 (25.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
17 52 (23.42%) Network+ Certification
18 50 (22.52%) Ethical Hacking
18 50 (22.52%) OWASP
19 49 (22.07%) Reverse Engineering
19 49 (22.07%) .NET
20 47 (21.17%) Software Engineering
21 46 (20.72%) HTTPS
21 46 (20.72%) Scrum
21 46 (20.72%) NIST
22 45 (20.27%) JIRA
22 45 (20.27%) Docker

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 41 (18.47%) Apache Spark
2 40 (18.02%) Elasticsearch
2 40 (18.02%) OpenStack
3 4 (1.80%) Confluence
4 1 (0.45%) SAS
Applications
1 3 (1.35%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.90%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 2 (0.90%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.45%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 71 (31.98%) AWS
2 68 (30.63%) Azure
3 43 (19.37%) GCP
4 40 (18.02%) OpenShift
5 7 (3.15%) Cloud Computing
6 6 (2.70%) Office 365
7 2 (0.90%) Akamai
7 2 (0.90%) Apigee
7 2 (0.90%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 99 (44.59%) Firewall
2 63 (28.38%) TCP/IP
3 46 (20.72%) HTTPS
4 27 (12.16%) Network Security
5 17 (7.66%) Intrusion Detection
6 13 (5.86%) SAN
7 11 (4.95%) VPN
8 10 (4.50%) tcpdump
8 10 (4.50%) Wireshark
9 9 (4.05%) Internet
10 8 (3.60%) Cisco ASA
10 8 (3.60%) LAN
10 8 (3.60%) WAN
11 6 (2.70%) BIG-IP
11 6 (2.70%) Cisco Firepower
12 5 (2.25%) DNS
12 5 (2.25%) HTTP
12 5 (2.25%) VoIP
13 3 (1.35%) SSL
14 2 (0.90%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (19.37%) Big Data
2 3 (1.35%) Blockchain
2 3 (1.35%) DB2
2 3 (1.35%) MongoDB
2 3 (1.35%) NoSQL
3 1 (0.45%) Apache Hive
3 1 (0.45%) Impala
3 1 (0.45%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 45 (20.27%) JIRA
2 44 (19.82%) Bitbucket
2 44 (19.82%) Git (software)
3 41 (18.47%) git-flow
4 7 (3.15%) Burp Suite
5 6 (2.70%) Fiddler
6 4 (1.80%) Metasploit
6 4 (1.80%) SonarQube
7 3 (1.35%) Jenkins
7 3 (1.35%) JUnit
7 3 (1.35%) Subversion
8 1 (0.45%) AppScan
8 1 (0.45%) Bitbucket Server
8 1 (0.45%) ReSharper
General
1 37 (16.67%) Finance
2 18 (8.11%) Public Sector
3 17 (7.66%) Games
4 12 (5.41%) Legal
5 11 (4.95%) Marketing
6 10 (4.50%) Banking
7 9 (4.05%) Multimedia
8 8 (3.60%) Law
9 5 (2.25%) Aerospace
9 5 (2.25%) Manufacturing
10 4 (1.80%) Brand Awareness
10 4 (1.80%) Retail
11 2 (0.90%) Automotive
11 2 (0.90%) Private Banking
11 2 (0.90%) Retail Banking
11 2 (0.90%) Telecoms
12 1 (0.45%) Financial Institution
12 1 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 59 (26.58%) Analyst
2 45 (20.27%) Consultant
3 38 (17.12%) Security Analyst
4 27 (12.16%) Cybersecurity Analyst
5 24 (10.81%) Security Engineer
6 20 (9.01%) Security Manager
7 16 (7.21%) Automation Test Lead
7 16 (7.21%) Test Automation Consultant
7 16 (7.21%) Test Automation Engineer
7 16 (7.21%) Test Consultant
7 16 (7.21%) Test Engineer
7 16 (7.21%) Test Leader
8 15 (6.76%) SOC Analyst
9 14 (6.31%) C++ Consultant
9 14 (6.31%) Software Consultant
10 13 (5.86%) Senior Analyst
10 13 (5.86%) Windows Consultant
11 11 (4.95%) Penetration Tester
11 11 (4.95%) Security Consultant
11 11 (4.95%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 49 (22.07%) .NET
2 41 (18.47%) Kafka
3 40 (18.02%) AngularJS
3 40 (18.02%) ASP.NET
3 40 (18.02%) GraphQL
3 40 (18.02%) Node.js
3 40 (18.02%) React
3 40 (18.02%) REST
3 40 (18.02%) Spring
3 40 (18.02%) Spring MVC
3 40 (18.02%) Vue.js
4 9 (4.05%) Web Services
5 6 (2.70%) CSS
5 6 (2.70%) HTML
6 3 (1.35%) .NET Core
6 3 (1.35%) JSON
6 3 (1.35%) OAuth
6 3 (1.35%) RESTful
6 3 (1.35%) SAML
6 3 (1.35%) XMPP
Miscellaneous
1 33 (14.86%) Analytical Skills
2 31 (13.96%) Cyberattack
3 29 (13.06%) Security Operations Centre
4 21 (9.46%) Cyberthreat
5 20 (9.01%) Management Information System
6 18 (8.11%) Cybercrime
7 7 (3.15%) Public Cloud
8 6 (2.70%) Cyber Kill Chain
8 6 (2.70%) Linux Command Line
8 6 (2.70%) Self-Motivation
9 5 (2.25%) PKI
10 4 (1.80%) Mobile App
11 3 (1.35%) CMDB
11 3 (1.35%) Mobile Payment
11 3 (1.35%) Renewable Energy
11 3 (1.35%) Smart Home
11 3 (1.35%) Social Media
11 3 (1.35%) User Experience
12 2 (0.90%) Life Science
12 2 (0.90%) PMI
Operating Systems
1 77 (34.68%) Linux
2 44 (19.82%) Android
2 44 (19.82%) Apple iOS
3 43 (19.37%) Windows
4 12 (5.41%) Unix
5 4 (1.80%) CentOS
6 3 (1.35%) Windows 10
7 2 (0.90%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.45%) Fedora
8 1 (0.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.45%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 169 (76.13%) Cybersecurity
2 99 (44.59%) Information Security
3 81 (36.49%) Penetration Testing
4 76 (34.23%) Security Operations
5 65 (29.28%) SIEM
6 50 (22.52%) Ethical Hacking
6 50 (22.52%) OWASP
7 49 (22.07%) Reverse Engineering
8 47 (21.17%) Software Engineering
9 46 (20.72%) Scrum
10 44 (19.82%) Kanban
10 44 (19.82%) Problem-Solving
11 41 (18.47%) Threat Intelligence
12 40 (18.02%) API Design
12 40 (18.02%) MVC
13 36 (16.22%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
14 34 (15.32%) Malware Analysis
15 31 (13.96%) Vulnerability Management
16 25 (11.26%) Security Architecture
16 25 (11.26%) Vulnerability Scanning
Programming Languages
1 44 (19.82%) C
2 29 (13.06%) C++
3 27 (12.16%) C#
4 15 (6.76%) Python
5 13 (5.86%) Java
6 11 (4.95%) Bash Shell
7 10 (4.50%) PowerShell
8 9 (4.05%) Perl
9 7 (3.15%) JavaScript
9 7 (3.15%) SQL
10 4 (1.80%) Objective-C
11 3 (1.35%) PL/SQL
12 2 (0.90%) Shell Script
13 1 (0.45%) Go
13 1 (0.45%) PHP
13 1 (0.45%) R
Qualifications
1 143 (64.41%) CISSP
2 104 (46.85%) GIAC
3 96 (43.24%) Cisco Certification
4 69 (31.08%) CISM
5 67 (30.18%) CCNA
6 60 (27.03%) CompTIA Security+
6 60 (27.03%) Degree
6 60 (27.03%) SSCP
7 52 (23.42%) Network+ Certification
8 43 (19.37%) Microsoft Certification
9 42 (18.92%) Linux+ Certification
9 42 (18.92%) MCSE
10 33 (14.86%) CCNP
11 32 (14.41%) CEH
11 32 (14.41%) CISA
12 30 (13.51%) Security Cleared
13 24 (10.81%) OSCP
14 17 (7.66%) GSEC
15 16 (7.21%) SC Cleared
16 15 (6.76%) CREST Certified
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 56 (25.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 46 (20.72%) NIST
3 26 (11.71%) PCI DSS
4 13 (5.86%) Cyber Essentials
4 13 (5.86%) GDPR
5 6 (2.70%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 4 (1.80%) COBIT
6 4 (1.80%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 3 (1.35%) NCSC
8 2 (0.90%) QA
9 1 (0.45%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 45 (20.27%) Docker
2 6 (2.70%) Active Directory
2 6 (2.70%) ProxySG
3 3 (1.35%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.90%) Hyper-V
4 2 (0.90%) NFS
4 2 (0.90%) VMware ESXi
5 1 (0.45%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.45%) Samba
5 1 (0.45%) Snort
5 1 (0.45%) VirtualBox
5 1 (0.45%) Xen
Systems Management
1 42 (18.92%) Kubernetes
2 17 (7.66%) Nessus
3 14 (6.31%) CSIRT
4 13 (5.86%) QRadar
5 5 (2.25%) Computer Incident Response Team
5 5 (2.25%) Nmap
6 4 (1.80%) Network Intrusion Detection System
7 3 (1.35%) HAProxy
8 2 (0.90%) CASB
8 2 (0.90%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
8 2 (0.90%) Host Intrusion Detection System
8 2 (0.90%) vCenter Server
9 1 (0.45%) Ansible
9 1 (0.45%) Cisco CUCM
9 1 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
9 1 (0.45%) Failover Clustering
9 1 (0.45%) Microsoft Intune
9 1 (0.45%) Oozie
9 1 (0.45%) Puppet
9 1 (0.45%) SCCM
Vendors
1 40 (18.02%) Google
2 26 (11.71%) Qualys
3 23 (10.36%) Cisco
4 19 (8.56%) Splunk
5 13 (5.86%) Microsoft
6 11 (4.95%) ArcSight
6 11 (4.95%) McAfee
7 10 (4.50%) Zscaler
8 9 (4.05%) Palo Alto
8 9 (4.05%) Symantec
9 8 (3.60%) Blue Coat
9 8 (3.60%) LogRhythm
9 8 (3.60%) Rapid7
10 7 (3.15%) F5
11 6 (2.70%) Darktrace
11 6 (2.70%) FireEye
11 6 (2.70%) Juniper
12 5 (2.25%) IBM
13 4 (1.80%) Red Hat
13 4 (1.80%) VMware