Period
to 20 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 20 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
UK > England
6 months to
20 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 651 892 794
Rank change year-on-year +241 -98 +184
Permanent jobs citing SANS 533 279 473
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.34% 0.17% 0.26%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.44% 0.69% 0.97%
Number of salaries quoted 363 210 413
England median annual salary £55,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.35% +4.55% -4.35%
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,700 £40,000
90th Percentile £87,000 £80,000 £81,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year -8.33% +9.09% -4.35%

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 37,003 40,561 48,815
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 23.72% 24.42% 26.51%
Number of salaries quoted 27,629 31,299 39,732
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.15% +3.33%
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £76,250
UK median annual salary £50,000 £46,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +8.70% +2.22% -

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SANS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in England

SANS
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SANS in England.

Salary trend for SANS in England

SANS
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SANS in England over the 6 months to 20 September 2018.

Salary histogram for SANS in England

SANS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the England region over the 6 months to 20 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +66 162 £61,750 -1.20% 9
East of England +127 128 £41,250 -13.16% 4
South East +58 86 £55,000 -31.25% 12
North of England +63 77 £45,000 -21.74% 7
North West +64 71 £45,000 -14.29% 6
South West -2 41 £45,000 +12.50% 4
Midlands +35 32 £62,500 +37.36% 4
East Midlands +20 15 £70,000 -30.00% 1
West Midlands +32 13 £52,750 +37.01% 3
Yorkshire +25 6 £78,750 +26.00% 1
SANS
UK

For the 6 months to 20 September 2018, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SANS.

1 428 (80.30%) CISSP
2 289 (54.22%) Cybersecurity
3 240 (45.03%) Information Security
4 227 (42.59%) SIEM
5 222 (41.65%) GIAC
6 213 (39.96%) CISM
7 208 (39.02%) Microsoft
8 206 (38.65%) Windows
9 199 (37.34%) SSCP
10 197 (36.96%) Penetration Testing
11 184 (34.52%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 179 (33.58%) Security Operations
13 166 (31.14%) Firewall
14 161 (30.21%) Linux
15 149 (27.95%) CompTIA Security+
16 140 (26.27%) Cisco Certification
17 139 (26.08%) CISA
18 138 (25.89%) CSSLP
19 130 (24.39%) OWASP
20 127 (23.83%) Cisco
21 116 (21.76%) MCSE
21 116 (21.76%) Microsoft Certification
22 113 (21.20%) VMware
23 107 (20.08%) Vulnerability Management
24 102 (19.14%) Security Cleared
25 98 (18.39%) Symantec
26 95 (17.82%) Finance
27 93 (17.45%) PCI DSS
28 90 (16.89%) Mentoring
29 89 (16.70%) Reverse Engineering

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (7.88%) Apache Pig
2 2 (0.38%) IIS
3 1 (0.19%) Apache
3 1 (0.19%) CMS
3 1 (0.19%) Exchange Server 2013
3 1 (0.19%) JBoss
3 1 (0.19%) MS Exchange
3 1 (0.19%) Skype for Business
3 1 (0.19%) Tomcat
Applications
1 42 (7.88%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Cloud Services
1 38 (7.13%) Amazon AWS
2 29 (5.44%) Microsoft Azure
3 24 (4.50%) Google Cloud Platform
4 21 (3.94%) Office 365
5 19 (3.56%) Mimecast
6 8 (1.50%) Serverless
7 7 (1.31%) SaaS
8 2 (0.38%) Cloud Computing
8 2 (0.38%) Google Drive
8 2 (0.38%) IaaS
9 1 (0.19%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 166 (31.14%) Firewall
2 78 (14.63%) Network Security
3 77 (14.45%) TCP/IP
4 62 (11.63%) Intrusion Detection
5 48 (9.01%) HTTP
5 48 (9.01%) SSL
6 44 (8.26%) Wi-Fi
7 32 (6.00%) Wireshark
8 21 (3.94%) DKIM
8 21 (3.94%) DMARC
9 16 (3.00%) Internet
10 15 (2.81%) FCoE
10 15 (2.81%) SNMP
11 11 (2.06%) Wireless
12 8 (1.50%) Cisco Firepower
12 8 (1.50%) SAN
13 7 (1.31%) VoIP
14 6 (1.13%) VPN
14 6 (1.13%) WAN
15 5 (0.94%) DNS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 56 (10.51%) Big Data
2 43 (8.07%) Hadoop
3 42 (7.88%) Apache Hive
4 40 (7.50%) MySQL
4 40 (7.50%) SQL Server
5 1 (0.19%) GIS
5 1 (0.19%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 55 (10.32%) JIRA
2 42 (7.88%) Git (software)
3 40 (7.50%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 40 (7.50%) Bitbucket
3 40 (7.50%) CodeSonar
3 40 (7.50%) git-flow
3 40 (7.50%) Robot Framework
3 40 (7.50%) Selenium
4 15 (2.81%) Redmine
5 8 (1.50%) Metasploit
6 2 (0.38%) AppScan
6 2 (0.38%) Burp Suite
6 2 (0.38%) Jenkins
6 2 (0.38%) SoapUI
6 2 (0.38%) SpecFlow
6 2 (0.38%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 95 (17.82%) Finance
2 86 (16.14%) Retail
3 53 (9.94%) Legal
4 24 (4.50%) Games
5 11 (2.06%) Banking
6 6 (1.13%) Telecoms
7 5 (0.94%) Investment Banking
7 5 (0.94%) Local Government
8 4 (0.75%) Marketing
9 3 (0.56%) Law
10 2 (0.38%) Aerospace
10 2 (0.38%) Financial Institution
10 2 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
11 1 (0.19%) Automotive
11 1 (0.19%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 187 (35.08%) Analyst
2 117 (21.95%) Security Analyst
3 74 (13.88%) Senior Analyst
4 73 (13.70%) Security Engineer
5 62 (11.63%) Senior Security Analyst
6 59 (11.07%) Architect
7 57 (10.69%) Security Architect
7 57 (10.69%) SOC Analyst
8 53 (9.94%) Security Manager
9 50 (9.38%) IT Analyst
9 50 (9.38%) IT Security Analyst
10 47 (8.82%) Senior IT Security Analyst
11 40 (7.50%) Software Engineer
12 36 (6.75%) C++ Software Engineer
12 36 (6.75%) Java Engineer
12 36 (6.75%) Java Software Engineer
13 34 (6.38%) SIEM Analyst
14 30 (5.63%) C# Software Engineer
15 28 (5.25%) Consultant
15 28 (5.25%) Engineering Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 46 (8.63%) Java EE
2 44 (8.26%) LAMP
2 44 (8.26%) Node.js
2 44 (8.26%) SOAP
2 44 (8.26%) STL
3 43 (8.07%) REST
4 42 (7.88%) .NET
4 42 (7.88%) ASP.NET
5 40 (7.50%) .NET Framework
5 40 (7.50%) Django
5 40 (7.50%) RabbitMQ
5 40 (7.50%) Spring MVC
6 13 (2.44%) Web Services
7 4 (0.75%) HTML
8 3 (0.56%) JSON
8 3 (0.56%) Regular Expression
8 3 (0.56%) XML
9 2 (0.38%) Gherkin
9 2 (0.38%) jQuery
9 2 (0.38%) SailPoint
Miscellaneous
1 89 (16.70%) Security Operations Centre
2 87 (16.32%) Management Information System
3 86 (16.14%) Cyber Kill Chain
4 67 (12.57%) Analytical Skills
5 40 (7.50%) PKI
6 29 (5.44%) Computer Science
6 29 (5.44%) Self-Motivation
7 28 (5.25%) Data Centre
8 26 (4.88%) Cyberthreat
9 14 (2.63%) Algorithms
9 14 (2.63%) Fintech
10 13 (2.44%) Cyber Defence
11 10 (1.88%) CESG
12 7 (1.31%) Data Structures
13 6 (1.13%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
13 6 (1.13%) Enterprise Storage
14 5 (0.94%) Cyberattack
15 4 (0.75%) Cloud Native
16 3 (0.56%) Cybercrime
16 3 (0.56%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 206 (38.65%) Windows
2 161 (30.21%) Linux
3 73 (13.70%) Unix
4 45 (8.44%) Android
4 45 (8.44%) Apple iOS
5 44 (8.26%) Mac OS X
6 12 (2.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 11 (2.06%) CentOS
8 8 (1.50%) Kali Linux
9 6 (1.13%) Fedora
9 6 (1.13%) Ubuntu
10 5 (0.94%) Solaris
11 2 (0.38%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.19%) AIX
12 1 (0.19%) HPUX
12 1 (0.19%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 289 (54.22%) Cybersecurity
2 240 (45.03%) Information Security
3 227 (42.59%) SIEM
4 197 (36.96%) Penetration Testing
5 179 (33.58%) Security Operations
6 130 (24.39%) OWASP
7 107 (20.08%) Vulnerability Management
8 90 (16.89%) Mentoring
9 89 (16.70%) Reverse Engineering
9 89 (16.70%) Security Architecture
10 83 (15.57%) Risk Management
11 76 (14.26%) Ethical Hacking
12 75 (14.07%) Data Loss Prevention
12 75 (14.07%) Due Diligence
13 72 (13.51%) Problem-Solving
14 69 (12.95%) Threat Intelligence
15 68 (12.76%) Software Engineering
16 67 (12.57%) Threat Analysis
17 61 (11.44%) User Stories
18 59 (11.07%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 81 (15.20%) Python
2 74 (13.88%) C
3 71 (13.32%) Bash Shell
4 60 (11.26%) Java
5 55 (10.32%) C++
6 53 (9.94%) SQL
7 51 (9.57%) C#
7 51 (9.57%) PowerShell
8 50 (9.38%) PHP
9 46 (8.63%) Objective-C
10 45 (8.44%) JavaScript
11 26 (4.88%) Perl
12 17 (3.19%) Ruby
13 15 (2.81%) Korn
14 13 (2.44%) Go
15 5 (0.94%) VB
16 4 (0.75%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 428 (80.30%) CISSP
2 222 (41.65%) GIAC
3 213 (39.96%) CISM
4 199 (37.34%) SSCP
5 149 (27.95%) CompTIA Security+
6 140 (26.27%) Cisco Certification
7 139 (26.08%) CISA
8 138 (25.89%) CSSLP
9 116 (21.76%) MCSE
9 116 (21.76%) Microsoft Certification
10 102 (19.14%) Security Cleared
11 87 (16.32%) CCNA
12 82 (15.38%) CEH
13 70 (13.13%) Network+ Certification
14 69 (12.95%) DV Cleared
15 67 (12.57%) Linux+ Certification
16 65 (12.20%) CREST Certified
17 57 (10.69%) CCNP
18 50 (9.38%) (ISC)2 CCSP
19 49 (9.19%) CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 184 (34.52%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 93 (17.45%) PCI DSS
3 78 (14.63%) GDPR
4 17 (3.19%) GCP
4 17 (3.19%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 16 (3.00%) Cyber Essentials
6 13 (2.44%) HIPAA
7 11 (2.06%) COBIT
7 11 (2.06%) GPG13
8 3 (0.56%) Actionable Recommendations
8 3 (0.56%) COSO
9 2 (0.38%) FIPS 140-2
9 2 (0.38%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 2 (0.38%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.38%) PSD2
9 2 (0.38%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 2 (0.38%) SLA
9 2 (0.38%) Web Application Security Consortium
10 1 (0.19%) ISO 31000
10 1 (0.19%) QA
System Software
1 70 (13.13%) VMware Infrastructure
2 52 (9.76%) Docker
3 41 (7.69%) vSphere
4 21 (3.94%) NFS
4 21 (3.94%) Samba
4 21 (3.94%) VMware ESXi
5 15 (2.81%) VMware NSX
6 6 (1.13%) Active Directory
6 6 (1.13%) VirtualBox
6 6 (1.13%) Xen
7 3 (0.56%) Snort
8 1 (0.19%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 62 (11.63%) Puppet
2 40 (7.50%) Salt
3 34 (6.38%) RSA Security Analytics
4 23 (4.32%) Nessus
5 21 (3.94%) Ansible
5 21 (3.94%) Nagios
5 21 (3.94%) vCenter Server
6 12 (2.25%) Kubernetes
6 12 (2.25%) Norton AntiVirus
7 10 (1.88%) Single Sign-On
8 9 (1.69%) CASB
9 8 (1.50%) Nmap
10 6 (1.13%) Docker Swarm
10 6 (1.13%) OpenNMS
10 6 (1.13%) ZABBIX
11 5 (0.94%) QRadar
12 4 (0.75%) Host Intrusion Detection System
12 4 (0.75%) McAfee ePO
12 4 (0.75%) Network Intrusion Detection System
13 2 (0.38%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 208 (39.02%) Microsoft
2 127 (23.83%) Cisco
3 113 (21.20%) VMware
4 98 (18.39%) Symantec
5 61 (11.44%) Red Hat
6 53 (9.94%) Sophos
7 51 (9.57%) Splunk
8 30 (5.63%) Qualys
9 25 (4.69%) Forcepoint
10 22 (4.13%) EMC
10 22 (4.13%) NetApp
11 21 (3.94%) Rapid7
11 21 (3.94%) SolarWinds
12 18 (3.38%) McAfee
13 12 (2.25%) CheckPoint
13 12 (2.25%) LogRhythm
13 12 (2.25%) Veracode
14 10 (1.88%) Google
15 9 (1.69%) Fortinet
15 9 (1.69%) Palo Alto