Period
to 28 November 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SANS qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 28 November 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SANS Institute
UK > England
6 months to
28 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 805 616 844
Rank change year-on-year -189 +228 -212
Permanent jobs citing SANS 187 85 209
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.17% 0.17% 0.17%
As % of the Qualifications category 0.79% 0.82% 0.74%
Number of salaries quoted 109 74 183
10th Percentile £42,250 £34,875 £41,250
25th Percentile £60,000 £46,250 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £56,250 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +33.33% -10.00% +13.64%
75th Percentile £95,000 £75,000 £86,875
90th Percentile £102,800 £95,000 £99,750
UK median annual salary £75,000 £56,250 £62,500
% change year-on-year +33.33% -10.00% +13.64%

SANS is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 23,774 10,375 28,391
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 21.26% 20.97% 22.70%
Number of salaries quoted 13,731 8,135 21,567
10th Percentile £30,985 £31,250 £27,500
25th Percentile £40,500 £41,250 £36,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £71,250 £67,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £82,700
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -

SANS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SANS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SANS in England

SANS
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SANS in England.

Salary trend for SANS in England

SANS
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing SANS in England over the 6 months to 28 November 2021.

Salary histogram for SANS in England

SANS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SANS within the England region over the 6 months to 28 November 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -204 88 £85,000 +78.95% 11
South East -120 37 £60,000 -11.11% 2
South West - 27 £42,500 - 3
Midlands -104 13 £65,000 -9.72% 3
West Midlands -93 10 £65,000 -3.70% 3
North of England -115 6 £70,000 +86.67% 3
East of England -109 5 - -
East Midlands -62 3 £52,500 -33.33%
Yorkshire -95 3 £70,000 - 2
North West -111 2 - -
North East - 1 £70,000 - 1
SANS
UK

For the 6 months to 28 November 2021, IT jobs citing SANS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SANS.

1 131 (70.05%) Cybersecurity
2 115 (61.50%) Information Security
3 102 (54.55%) AWS
4 89 (47.59%) SIEM
5 82 (43.85%) Degree
5 82 (43.85%) Risk Management
6 79 (42.25%) Azure
7 74 (39.57%) Agile Software Development
8 73 (39.04%) DevOps
9 72 (38.50%) Linux
10 71 (37.97%) Python
10 71 (37.97%) JavaScript
10 71 (37.97%) CISSP
11 70 (37.43%) Windows
12 61 (32.62%) GCIA
13 59 (31.55%) GCIH
14 58 (31.02%) Mentoring
14 58 (31.02%) Continuous Improvement
14 58 (31.02%) Analytics
15 57 (30.48%) Mac OS
15 57 (30.48%) PowerShell
15 57 (30.48%) C#
16 56 (29.95%) Identity Management
16 56 (29.95%) API Integration
17 55 (29.41%) Serverless
18 53 (28.34%) Azure Sentinel
18 53 (28.34%) GCFA
18 53 (28.34%) Perl
18 53 (28.34%) Ruby
19 52 (27.81%) JSON

SANS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (4.28%) IIS
Applications
1 14 (7.49%) InVision
1 14 (7.49%) Sketch
2 1 (0.53%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.53%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 52 (27.81%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.53%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 102 (54.55%) AWS
2 79 (42.25%) Azure
3 55 (29.41%) Serverless
4 53 (28.34%) Azure Sentinel
5 52 (27.81%) Amazon CloudWatch
5 52 (27.81%) Amazon GuardDuty
5 52 (27.81%) Amazon S3
5 52 (27.81%) AWS CloudTrail
5 52 (27.81%) AWS Lambda
5 52 (27.81%) Azure Logic Apps
5 52 (27.81%) CloudFront
6 18 (9.63%) SaaS
7 11 (5.88%) Microsoft 365
8 10 (5.35%) IaaS
9 9 (4.81%) PaaS
10 8 (4.28%) Cloud Computing
11 7 (3.74%) GCP
12 6 (3.21%) Google Workspace
13 3 (1.60%) Akamai
13 3 (1.60%) Sumo Logic
Communications & Networking
1 37 (19.79%) Firewall
2 18 (9.63%) Internet
3 14 (7.49%) Network Security
4 12 (6.42%) SAN
5 9 (4.81%) DNS
5 9 (4.81%) Intrusion Detection
5 9 (4.81%) TCP/IP
6 7 (3.74%) HTTP
6 7 (3.74%) VPN
7 5 (2.67%) SSL
8 4 (2.14%) HTTPS
8 4 (2.14%) IPsec
8 4 (2.14%) Kerberos
8 4 (2.14%) LAN
8 4 (2.14%) NNTP
8 4 (2.14%) WAN
8 4 (2.14%) Wireless
8 4 (2.14%) X.509
9 3 (1.60%) DHCP
10 1 (0.53%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5 (2.67%) MySQL
1 5 (2.67%) SQL Server
2 4 (2.14%) DB2
3 3 (1.60%) Amazon Redshift
4 2 (1.07%) Relational Database
5 1 (0.53%) Big Data
5 1 (0.53%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 14 (7.49%) Cypress.io
1 14 (7.49%) Git (software)
1 14 (7.49%) PostCSS
1 14 (7.49%) Selenium
2 8 (4.28%) Burp Suite
3 2 (1.07%) AppScan
4 1 (0.53%) Eclipse
4 1 (0.53%) GitLab
4 1 (0.53%) Jenkins
4 1 (0.53%) Metasploit
4 1 (0.53%) SonarQube
General
1 48 (25.67%) Social Skills
2 38 (20.32%) Finance
3 17 (9.09%) Presentation Skills
4 7 (3.74%) Banking
4 7 (3.74%) Retail
5 6 (3.21%) Analytical Skills
5 6 (3.21%) Games
5 6 (3.21%) Telecoms
6 5 (2.67%) French Language
7 4 (2.14%) Back Office
7 4 (2.14%) Law
8 2 (1.07%) Legal
9 1 (0.53%) Aerospace
9 1 (0.53%) Influencing Skills
9 1 (0.53%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 77 (41.18%) Security Engineer
2 59 (31.55%) Cybersecurity Engineer
3 27 (14.44%) Analyst
4 20 (10.70%) SOC Analyst
5 19 (10.16%) Consultant
6 15 (8.02%) Security Analyst
7 14 (7.49%) Developer
7 14 (7.49%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 14 (7.49%) React Developer
8 13 (6.95%) Security Manager
9 12 (6.42%) Security Consultant
9 12 (6.42%) Senior Developer
9 12 (6.42%) Senior Front-End Developer
9 12 (6.42%) Senior React Developer
10 11 (5.88%) Architect
10 11 (5.88%) Security Architect
11 9 (4.81%) Cybersecurity Consultant
11 9 (4.81%) Information Manager
11 9 (4.81%) Information Security Manager
11 9 (4.81%) Senior Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 52 (27.81%) JSON
1 52 (27.81%) XML
2 15 (8.02%) CSS
2 15 (8.02%) CSS3
2 15 (8.02%) HTML
2 15 (8.02%) HTML5
2 15 (8.02%) React
3 14 (7.49%) GraphQL
3 14 (7.49%) Puppeteer
3 14 (7.49%) Sass
3 14 (7.49%) Spring
3 14 (7.49%) Spring Boot
3 14 (7.49%) Twitter Bootstrap
3 14 (7.49%) Web Components
4 13 (6.95%) Node.js
5 7 (3.74%) SAML
6 4 (2.14%) LDAP
7 3 (1.60%) OAuth
7 3 (1.60%) OpenID
7 3 (1.60%) SailPoint
Miscellaneous
1 26 (13.90%) Management Information System
2 15 (8.02%) User Experience
3 12 (6.42%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
4 9 (4.81%) Cyberthreat
5 8 (4.28%) Cyber Kill Chain
5 8 (4.28%) Data Protection Act
6 7 (3.74%) Self-Motivation
7 6 (3.21%) PKI
8 4 (2.14%) Cyberattack
8 4 (2.14%) Greenfield Project
8 4 (2.14%) Mainframe
8 4 (2.14%) Virtual Team
9 3 (1.60%) Security Operations Centre
10 2 (1.07%) CESG
11 1 (0.53%) Blog
11 1 (0.53%) Cloud Native
11 1 (0.53%) Cyber Defence
11 1 (0.53%) Podcast
11 1 (0.53%) Public Cloud
11 1 (0.53%) SCADA
Operating Systems
1 72 (38.50%) Linux
2 70 (37.43%) Windows
3 57 (30.48%) Mac OS
4 4 (2.14%) AIX
4 4 (2.14%) Unix
4 4 (2.14%) Windows Server
4 4 (2.14%) zOS
5 3 (1.60%) Windows 10
5 3 (1.60%) Windows Server 2012
6 1 (0.53%) Kali Linux
6 1 (0.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 131 (70.05%) Cybersecurity
2 115 (61.50%) Information Security
3 89 (47.59%) SIEM
4 82 (43.85%) Risk Management
5 74 (39.57%) Agile Software Development
6 73 (39.04%) DevOps
7 58 (31.02%) Analytics
7 58 (31.02%) Continuous Improvement
7 58 (31.02%) Mentoring
8 56 (29.95%) API Integration
8 56 (29.95%) Identity Management
9 52 (27.81%) Data Analytics
9 52 (27.81%) Visualisation
10 42 (22.46%) Security Architecture
11 30 (16.04%) OWASP
12 26 (13.90%) Computer Science
13 23 (12.30%) Security Operations
13 23 (12.30%) Test Automation
14 21 (11.23%) Security Monitoring
15 20 (10.70%) Vulnerability Management
Programming Languages
1 71 (37.97%) JavaScript
1 71 (37.97%) Python
2 57 (30.48%) C#
2 57 (30.48%) PowerShell
3 53 (28.34%) Perl
3 53 (28.34%) Ruby
4 52 (27.81%) VB
5 20 (10.70%) Java
6 15 (8.02%) ES6
6 15 (8.02%) ES7
7 14 (7.49%) Java 11
7 14 (7.49%) Kotlin
7 14 (7.49%) Scala
7 14 (7.49%) TypeScript
8 9 (4.81%) C
8 9 (4.81%) Go
9 5 (2.67%) SQL
10 3 (1.60%) Bash Shell
11 1 (0.53%) C++
11 1 (0.53%) Lua
Qualifications
1 82 (43.85%) Degree
2 71 (37.97%) CISSP
3 61 (32.62%) GCIA
4 59 (31.55%) GCIH
5 53 (28.34%) GCFA
6 52 (27.81%) GCFE
7 44 (23.53%) CISM
8 29 (15.51%) GIAC
9 23 (12.30%) CEH
10 21 (11.23%) CompTIA Security+
11 18 (9.63%) CISA
12 15 (8.02%) OSCP
13 13 (6.95%) CREST Certified
13 13 (6.95%) SC Cleared
13 13 (6.95%) Security Cleared
14 11 (5.88%) Computer Science Degree
15 8 (4.28%) Cisco Certification
15 8 (4.28%) GSEC
15 8 (4.28%) IISP
16 7 (3.74%) GPEN
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (14.44%) NIST
2 25 (13.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 21 (11.23%) QA
4 17 (9.09%) GDPR
5 16 (8.56%) NCSC
5 16 (8.56%) PCI DSS
6 14 (7.49%) WCAG
7 9 (4.81%) GRC
7 9 (4.81%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 8 (4.28%) COBIT
8 8 (4.28%) SLA
9 6 (3.21%) Actionable Recommendations
9 6 (3.21%) COSO
9 6 (3.21%) Cyber Essentials
9 6 (3.21%) HIPAA
10 4 (2.14%) SOC 1
10 4 (2.14%) SOC 2
10 4 (2.14%) SOC 3
11 1 (0.53%) GPG13
11 1 (0.53%) NIST 800
System Software
1 15 (8.02%) Docker
2 9 (4.81%) Active Directory
2 9 (4.81%) Firmware
3 4 (2.14%) OpenAM
3 4 (2.14%) OpenIDM
3 4 (2.14%) RACF
4 1 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 23 (12.30%) Kubernetes
2 7 (3.74%) Single Sign-On
3 5 (2.67%) Kibana
3 5 (2.67%) Nmap
3 5 (2.67%) QRadar
4 4 (2.14%) CA Single Sign-On
4 4 (2.14%) Computer Incident Response Team
4 4 (2.14%) Oracle Identity Management
5 3 (1.60%) Active Directory Federation Services
5 3 (1.60%) Nessus
6 2 (1.07%) HP Fortify
6 2 (1.07%) WebInspect
7 1 (0.53%) Ansible
7 1 (0.53%) Graylog
7 1 (0.53%) Opscode Chef
7 1 (0.53%) Puppet
7 1 (0.53%) Terraform
Vendors
1 22 (11.76%) Microsoft
2 15 (8.02%) Splunk
3 8 (4.28%) Google
3 8 (4.28%) Oracle
4 7 (3.74%) CyberArk
4 7 (3.74%) ForgeRock
5 4 (2.14%) Apple
5 4 (2.14%) CA
5 4 (2.14%) LogRhythm
6 3 (1.60%) Cisco
7 2 (1.07%) Carbon Black
7 2 (1.07%) Palo Alto
7 2 (1.07%) Tanium
8 1 (0.53%) AlienVault
8 1 (0.53%) CrowdStrike
8 1 (0.53%) JD Edwards
8 1 (0.53%) LexisNexis
8 1 (0.53%) Qualys
8 1 (0.53%) Red Hat
8 1 (0.53%) Veracode