Period
to 20 September 2021

The median annual salary for a Junior was £40,000 in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Junior
England > London
6 months to
20 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 289 213 141
Rank change year-on-year -76 -72 +13
Permanent jobs requiring a Junior 606 329 1,362
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 1.24% 1.63% 2.44%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.39% 1.74% 2.56%
Number of salaries quoted 540 290 1,232
10th Percentile £25,000 £26,250 £24,000
25th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £27,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £40,000 £42,500 £35,000
Median % change year-on-year -5.88% +21.43% -
75th Percentile £50,000 £55,000 £48,750
90th Percentile £60,000 £65,000 £61,250
England median annual salary £35,000 £32,500 £30,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
London
Permanent vacancies in London with a recognized job title 43,569 18,899 53,239
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 89.36% 93.43% 95.26%
Number of salaries quoted 29,874 15,836 43,830
10th Percentile £40,263 £41,875 £35,000
25th Percentile £52,500 £52,500 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £69,500 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +0.72% +11.20% +4.17%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £81,250
90th Percentile £105,000 £106,250 £97,500
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £51,500
% change year-on-year - +6.80% +3.00%

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in London

Junior
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Junior in London.

Salary trend for Junior in London

Junior
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Junior in London over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Junior in London

Junior
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the London region over the 6 months to 20 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -16 138 £42,500 +1.80% 28
West London -53 11 £35,000 +20.69% 7
South London -25 3 £42,500 -19.05% 4
East London -16 2 - - 14
Junior
England

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 20 September 2021, Junior job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region featuring Junior in the job title.

1 152 (25.08%) Social Skills
2 147 (24.26%) Agile Software Development
3 138 (22.77%) Finance
3 138 (22.77%) SQL
4 136 (22.44%) C#
5 123 (20.30%) Python
6 115 (18.98%) JavaScript
7 107 (17.66%) Azure
8 104 (17.16%) AWS
9 102 (16.83%) DevOps
10 101 (16.67%) Java
11 99 (16.34%) Docker
12 96 (15.84%) .NET
13 91 (15.02%) Degree
14 84 (13.86%) Problem-Solving
15 79 (13.04%) Kubernetes
16 72 (11.88%) Windows
17 69 (11.39%) Software Engineering
18 67 (11.06%) Computer Science
19 65 (10.73%) HTML
20 62 (10.23%) Fintech
21 60 (9.90%) Full Stack Development
22 59 (9.74%) CSS
23 57 (9.41%) Linux
24 56 (9.24%) React
25 54 (8.91%) SQL Server
25 54 (8.91%) Git (software)
26 51 (8.42%) Analytics
27 50 (8.25%) Microsoft
28 48 (7.92%) AngularJS

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 13 (2.15%) CMS
2 10 (1.65%) Tomcat
2 10 (1.65%) WordPress
3 8 (1.32%) Elasticsearch
3 8 (1.32%) JBoss
3 8 (1.32%) WebSphere
4 7 (1.16%) Apache
4 7 (1.16%) Confluence
5 6 (0.99%) SharePoint
6 5 (0.83%) Apache Spark
6 5 (0.83%) MS Exchange
7 3 (0.50%) Mule
8 2 (0.33%) Umbraco
9 1 (0.17%) Appian
9 1 (0.17%) BizTalk Server
9 1 (0.17%) IIS
9 1 (0.17%) Moodle
9 1 (0.17%) Totara
Applications
1 23 (3.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (3.30%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (1.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 6 (0.99%) Sketch
5 4 (0.66%) Adobe Illustrator
6 3 (0.50%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 3 (0.50%) Adobe XD
6 3 (0.50%) InVision
6 3 (0.50%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.33%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.17%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.17%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.17%) Figma
8 1 (0.17%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 4 (0.66%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.33%) Shopify
3 1 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.17%) Elite 3E
3 1 (0.17%) Magento
3 1 (0.17%) Salerio
3 1 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
3 1 (0.17%) StreamServe
Cloud Services
1 107 (17.66%) Azure
2 104 (17.16%) AWS
3 38 (6.27%) GCP
4 37 (6.11%) SaaS
5 26 (4.29%) Power Platform
6 18 (2.97%) Microsoft 365
7 15 (2.48%) GitHub
8 14 (2.31%) AWS CloudFormation
9 13 (2.15%) Azure Data Factory
10 9 (1.49%) Azure Synapse Analytics
11 8 (1.32%) Amazon EC2
12 6 (0.99%) Amazon S3
12 6 (0.99%) Route 53
13 5 (0.83%) npm
13 5 (0.83%) PaaS
13 5 (0.83%) Serverless
14 4 (0.66%) Google Analytics
14 4 (0.66%) Slack
15 3 (0.50%) CloudFront
15 3 (0.50%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 22 (3.63%) DNS
2 19 (3.14%) TCP/IP
3 14 (2.31%) Internet
4 13 (2.15%) Firewall
5 12 (1.98%) DHCP
6 11 (1.82%) HTTP
7 9 (1.49%) LAN
7 9 (1.49%) WAN
8 7 (1.16%) VLAN
9 6 (0.99%) SMTP
9 6 (0.99%) SNMP
10 5 (0.83%) IP Telephony
10 5 (0.83%) VPN
11 3 (0.50%) VoIP
11 3 (0.50%) Wi-Fi
12 2 (0.33%) BGP
12 2 (0.33%) OSPF
12 2 (0.33%) Spanning Tree
12 2 (0.33%) Structured Cabling
12 2 (0.33%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (8.91%) SQL Server
2 31 (5.12%) MySQL
3 23 (3.80%) Power BI
4 21 (3.47%) Big Data
5 18 (2.97%) Tableau
6 16 (2.64%) PostgreSQL
7 14 (2.31%) Data Warehouse
7 14 (2.31%) Relational Database
8 10 (1.65%) Blockchain
8 10 (1.65%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 9 (1.49%) Looker
9 9 (1.49%) Microsoft Analysis Services
9 9 (1.49%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 8 (1.32%) Redis
11 7 (1.16%) Qlik Sense
12 5 (0.83%) BusinessObjects
12 5 (0.83%) Crystal Reports
12 5 (0.83%) Metadata
12 5 (0.83%) NoSQL
13 4 (0.66%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 54 (8.91%) Git (software)
2 44 (7.26%) Jenkins
3 28 (4.62%) JIRA
4 13 (2.15%) Octopus Deploy
5 11 (1.82%) Cucumber
5 11 (1.82%) Selenium
6 10 (1.65%) NUnit
6 10 (1.65%) Visual Studio
7 9 (1.49%) Postman
7 9 (1.49%) Team Foundation Server
8 8 (1.32%) Cypress.io
8 8 (1.32%) GitLab
8 8 (1.32%) Mercurial
8 8 (1.32%) Moq
8 8 (1.32%) Subversion
9 5 (0.83%) CMake
9 5 (0.83%) JMeter
9 5 (0.83%) Robot Framework
9 5 (0.83%) SoapUI
10 4 (0.66%) Maven
General
1 152 (25.08%) Social Skills
2 138 (22.77%) Finance
3 47 (7.76%) Analytical Skills
4 34 (5.61%) Marketing
5 28 (4.62%) Retail
6 22 (3.63%) Advertising
6 22 (3.63%) Banking
6 22 (3.63%) Law
7 21 (3.47%) Games
8 14 (2.31%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 14 (2.31%) Investment Banking
8 14 (2.31%) Presentation Skills
9 12 (1.98%) Financial Institution
9 12 (1.98%) Telecoms
10 11 (1.82%) Publishing
11 10 (1.65%) Organisational Skills
12 8 (1.32%) Legal
12 8 (1.32%) Military
13 7 (1.16%) Public Sector
14 6 (0.99%) Front Office
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 96 (15.84%) .NET
2 65 (10.73%) HTML
3 59 (9.74%) CSS
4 56 (9.24%) React
5 48 (7.92%) AngularJS
6 34 (5.61%) Node.js
7 29 (4.79%) Kafka
8 26 (4.29%) ASP.NET
9 25 (4.13%) HTML5
10 21 (3.47%) .NET Core
11 20 (3.30%) JSON
12 18 (2.97%) REST
12 18 (2.97%) Spring
13 17 (2.81%) XML
14 16 (2.64%) Django
15 15 (2.48%) Web Services
16 14 (2.31%) WPF
17 12 (1.98%) Ajax
18 11 (1.82%) .NET Framework
19 10 (1.65%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 31 (5.12%) Algorithms
2 27 (4.46%) Data Structures
3 20 (3.30%) Greenfield Project
4 19 (3.14%) Self-Motivation
5 18 (2.97%) Mobile App
5 18 (2.97%) Public Cloud
6 15 (2.48%) User Experience
7 13 (2.15%) Hedge funds
8 11 (1.82%) Video Conferencing
9 10 (1.65%) Linux Command Line
10 9 (1.49%) Equities
11 8 (1.32%) Internet of Things
11 8 (1.32%) Mobile Games
12 7 (1.16%) Clustering
12 7 (1.16%) Enterprise Software
12 7 (1.16%) Private Cloud
13 6 (0.99%) Cloud Native
13 6 (0.99%) Derivative
13 6 (0.99%) Smart Home
13 6 (0.99%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 72 (11.88%) Windows
2 57 (9.41%) Linux
3 20 (3.30%) Windows 10
4 18 (2.97%) Unix
4 18 (2.97%) Windows Server
5 9 (1.49%) Android
6 7 (1.16%) Debian
6 7 (1.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 7 (1.16%) Windows 7
7 4 (0.66%) Apple iOS
8 1 (0.17%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.17%) Solaris
8 1 (0.17%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.17%) Windows 2000
8 1 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
8 1 (0.17%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 147 (24.26%) Agile Software Development
2 102 (16.83%) DevOps
3 84 (13.86%) Problem-Solving
4 69 (11.39%) Software Engineering
5 67 (11.06%) Computer Science
6 62 (10.23%) Fintech
7 60 (9.90%) Full Stack Development
8 51 (8.42%) Analytics
9 45 (7.43%) SDLC
10 44 (7.26%) Microservices
11 41 (6.77%) Infrastructure as Code
12 38 (6.27%) Scrum
13 30 (4.95%) Data Science
13 30 (4.95%) Mathematics
13 30 (4.95%) Visualisation
14 28 (4.62%) Business Intelligence
14 28 (4.62%) Test Automation
14 28 (4.62%) Web Development
15 27 (4.46%) Data Visualisation
16 26 (4.29%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 138 (22.77%) SQL
2 136 (22.44%) C#
3 123 (20.30%) Python
4 115 (18.98%) JavaScript
5 101 (16.67%) Java
6 31 (5.12%) C++
7 26 (4.29%) PHP
8 24 (3.96%) Bash Shell
9 19 (3.14%) PowerShell
10 17 (2.81%) R
11 16 (2.64%) C
12 15 (2.48%) T-SQL
13 11 (1.82%) Perl
14 10 (1.65%) PL/SQL
14 10 (1.65%) TypeScript
15 9 (1.49%) Clojure
15 9 (1.49%) Haskell
15 9 (1.49%) Java 8
15 9 (1.49%) Kotlin
16 8 (1.32%) VBA
Qualifications
1 91 (15.02%) Degree
2 24 (3.96%) Computer Science Degree
3 11 (1.82%) CCNA
3 11 (1.82%) Cisco Certification
4 10 (1.65%) Security Cleared
5 8 (1.32%) Microsoft Certification
6 7 (1.16%) MCSA
7 6 (0.99%) ISTQB
8 5 (0.83%) SC Cleared
9 4 (0.66%) CISM
9 4 (0.66%) CISSP
10 3 (0.50%) Numerate Degree
11 2 (0.33%) DV Cleared
11 2 (0.33%) ISEB
11 2 (0.33%) Master's Degree
11 2 (0.33%) PhD
12 1 (0.17%) CCNP
12 1 (0.17%) CEH
12 1 (0.17%) ITIL Certification
12 1 (0.17%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (7.76%) QA
2 10 (1.65%) GDPR
3 9 (1.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 8 (1.32%) Cyber Essentials
5 7 (1.16%) Data Quality
5 7 (1.16%) NIST
6 4 (0.66%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 4 (0.66%) PMO
7 2 (0.33%) SLA
8 1 (0.17%) Accessibility
8 1 (0.17%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 99 (16.34%) Docker
2 22 (3.63%) Active Directory
3 9 (1.49%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.83%) vSphere
5 4 (0.66%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.17%) MetaFrame
6 1 (0.17%) Sendmail
6 1 (0.17%) Terminal Services
6 1 (0.17%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 79 (13.04%) Kubernetes
2 44 (7.26%) Terraform
3 31 (5.12%) Ansible
4 19 (3.14%) Opscode Chef
5 18 (2.97%) Puppet
6 9 (1.49%) Grafana
7 7 (1.16%) Nagios
8 6 (0.99%) Icinga
9 3 (0.50%) Microsoft Intune
10 2 (0.33%) Active Directory Federation Services
10 2 (0.33%) Backup Exec
10 2 (0.33%) Cisco CUCM
11 1 (0.17%) Cisco UCCX
11 1 (0.17%) Kibana
11 1 (0.17%) logstash
11 1 (0.17%) SCCM
11 1 (0.17%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 50 (8.25%) Microsoft
2 34 (5.61%) Google
3 22 (3.63%) Oracle
4 11 (1.82%) Databricks
4 11 (1.82%) ServiceNow
5 10 (1.65%) VMware
6 9 (1.49%) Salesforce.com
7 8 (1.32%) Adobe
7 8 (1.32%) HP
8 7 (1.16%) Cisco
8 7 (1.16%) Sybase
9 6 (0.99%) SolarWinds
10 5 (0.83%) Apple
10 5 (0.83%) Atlassian
10 5 (0.83%) Red Hat
10 5 (0.83%) SAP
10 5 (0.83%) WooCommerce
11 4 (0.66%) Facebook
11 4 (0.66%) Sage
11 4 (0.66%) Zend