Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
England > London
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 95 82 102
Rank change year-on-year -13 +20 +13
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 1,599 1,153 1,850
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 3.55% 3.92% 3.21%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.74% 4.18% 3.44%
Number of salaries quoted 1,163 865 1,394
10th Percentile £42,500 £45,000 £38,750
25th Percentile £55,000 £55,000 £49,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £70,000
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £87,500
90th Percentile £102,500 £95,000 £102,500
England median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +4.17% - -

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 42,783 27,567 53,747
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 94.98% 93.70% 93.32%
Number of salaries quoted 28,451 22,583 44,156
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £51,250 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £68,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.94% +4.62% +8.33%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £105,000 £97,500
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in London

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity in London.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in London

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity in London over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in London

Cybersecurity
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the London region over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -2 244 £62,500 -7.41% 69
West London +4 83 £71,250 +13.32% 42
South London -27 20 £44,524 -25.33% 3
East London +6 12 £72,500 +11.54% 39
North London +12 3 £41,000 -21.90% 2
Cybersecurity
England

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 434 (27.14%) Finance
2 416 (26.02%) Information Security
3 387 (24.20%) Azure
4 368 (23.01%) AWS
5 362 (22.64%) Social Skills
6 360 (22.51%) Agile Software Development
7 287 (17.95%) Python
8 273 (17.07%) Microsoft
9 257 (16.07%) DevOps
10 254 (15.88%) CISSP
11 222 (13.88%) SIEM
12 218 (13.63%) Firewall
13 212 (13.26%) Degree
14 208 (13.01%) ISO/IEC 27001
15 193 (12.07%) Windows
16 191 (11.94%) CISM
17 185 (11.57%) Linux
18 177 (11.07%) NIST
19 174 (10.88%) Risk Management
20 160 (10.01%) Stakeholder Management
21 159 (9.94%) Penetration Testing
22 158 (9.88%) Security Architecture
23 155 (9.69%) Security Operations
24 153 (9.57%) Problem-Solving
24 153 (9.57%) GDPR
24 153 (9.57%) Docker
25 150 (9.38%) Software Engineering
26 149 (9.32%) Vulnerability Management
27 147 (9.19%) SaaS
28 140 (8.76%) JavaScript

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (2.00%) Elasticsearch
2 28 (1.75%) Confluence
3 26 (1.63%) SharePoint
4 14 (0.88%) nginx
5 12 (0.75%) Apache Pulsar
6 11 (0.69%) Apache Spark
7 8 (0.50%) IIS
8 5 (0.31%) Apache
8 5 (0.31%) MS Exchange
9 2 (0.13%) Camunda
9 2 (0.13%) CMS
10 1 (0.063%) Appian
10 1 (0.063%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 1 (0.063%) WinCC
Applications
1 51 (3.19%) Microsoft Office
2 23 (1.44%) Microsoft Excel
3 20 (1.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.19%) Figma
5 2 (0.13%) Gephi
5 2 (0.13%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.063%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 10 (0.63%) Primavera
2 6 (0.38%) Sentinel
3 5 (0.31%) NetSuite
4 3 (0.19%) Shopify
5 2 (0.13%) SAP Business One
5 2 (0.13%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.063%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.063%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.063%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.063%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 387 (24.20%) Azure
2 368 (23.01%) AWS
3 147 (9.19%) SaaS
4 133 (8.32%) Microsoft 365
5 123 (7.69%) GCP
6 51 (3.19%) IaaS
7 48 (3.00%) Serverless
8 47 (2.94%) PaaS
9 44 (2.75%) Azure Active Directory
10 36 (2.25%) GitHub
11 30 (1.88%) Azure Sentinel
12 26 (1.63%) Mimecast
13 25 (1.56%) AWS Lambda
14 22 (1.38%) Heroku
15 15 (0.94%) Amazon EC2
15 15 (0.94%) Amazon Kinesis
16 14 (0.88%) Azure Key Vault
17 13 (0.81%) Amazon S3
17 13 (0.81%) OneDrive
17 13 (0.81%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 218 (13.63%) Firewall
2 114 (7.13%) Network Security
3 61 (3.81%) Internet
4 47 (2.94%) TCP/IP
5 42 (2.63%) DNS
6 38 (2.38%) Intrusion Detection
7 36 (2.25%) VPN
8 28 (1.75%) SAN
9 25 (1.56%) WAN
10 22 (1.38%) HTTP
11 20 (1.25%) DHCP
12 19 (1.19%) Wireless
13 15 (0.94%) LAN
13 15 (0.94%) NetScaler
13 15 (0.94%) Wireshark
14 13 (0.81%) Unified Communications
15 12 (0.75%) Wi-Fi
16 11 (0.69%) 5G
16 11 (0.69%) Cisco ASA
17 9 (0.56%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 75 (4.69%) Big Data
2 50 (3.13%) PostgreSQL
3 45 (2.81%) Relational Database
4 39 (2.44%) NoSQL
5 33 (2.06%) SQL Server
6 28 (1.75%) Redis
7 27 (1.69%) MongoDB
8 20 (1.25%) RDBMS
9 16 (1.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 16 (1.00%) Hadoop
10 14 (0.88%) MySQL
11 11 (0.69%) Blockchain
11 11 (0.69%) Oracle Database
11 11 (0.69%) SQL Server 2012
12 8 (0.50%) Data Mining
13 6 (0.38%) Apache Hive
14 5 (0.31%) BigQuery
14 5 (0.31%) Power BI
15 4 (0.25%) Metadata
15 4 (0.25%) Oracle ODI
Development Applications
1 60 (3.75%) Git (software)
2 56 (3.50%) Jenkins
3 50 (3.13%) JIRA
4 29 (1.81%) GitLab
5 18 (1.13%) Cypress.io
6 13 (0.81%) Postman
7 11 (0.69%) Metasploit
8 9 (0.56%) git-flow
8 9 (0.56%) Sonatype Nexus
8 9 (0.56%) webpack
9 8 (0.50%) Selenium
10 7 (0.44%) JMeter
10 7 (0.44%) Mocha
11 6 (0.38%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 6 (0.38%) CircleCI
12 5 (0.31%) Bitbucket
12 5 (0.31%) CMake
12 5 (0.31%) Maven
12 5 (0.31%) Robot Framework
13 4 (0.25%) Visual Studio
General
1 434 (27.14%) Finance
2 362 (22.64%) Social Skills
3 132 (8.26%) Public Sector
4 110 (6.88%) Telecoms
5 98 (6.13%) Analytical Skills
6 94 (5.88%) Manufacturing
7 93 (5.82%) Marketing
8 82 (5.13%) Banking
9 60 (3.75%) Legal
10 55 (3.44%) Electronics
10 55 (3.44%) Presentation Skills
11 53 (3.31%) Law
12 23 (1.44%) Retail
13 21 (1.31%) Influencing Skills
13 21 (1.31%) Multimedia
14 18 (1.13%) Inclusion and Diversity
15 17 (1.06%) Financial Institution
16 13 (0.81%) Games
17 10 (0.63%) Organisational Skills
18 9 (0.56%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 197 (12.32%) Analyst
2 192 (12.01%) Consultant
3 162 (10.13%) Security Engineer
4 150 (9.38%) Architect
5 143 (8.94%) Security Analyst
6 109 (6.82%) Security Consultant
7 99 (6.19%) Developer
8 92 (5.75%) Cybersecurity Engineer
8 92 (5.75%) Security Architect
9 86 (5.38%) Security Manager
10 78 (4.88%) Software Engineer
11 63 (3.94%) Cybersecurity Analyst
12 57 (3.56%) Cybersecurity Consultant
13 53 (3.31%) Cloud Engineer
14 51 (3.19%) Senior Consultant
15 49 (3.06%) Cloud Architect
16 47 (2.94%) DevOps Engineer
17 45 (2.81%) Azure Engineer
18 40 (2.50%) Cybersecurity Manager
18 40 (2.50%) Security Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 91 (5.69%) React
2 81 (5.07%) Django
3 70 (4.38%) Web Services
4 67 (4.19%) RESTful
5 60 (3.75%) .NET
6 57 (3.56%) Node.js
7 39 (2.44%) REST
8 32 (2.00%) CSS
9 30 (1.88%) HTML
10 29 (1.81%) AngularJS
11 28 (1.75%) OAuth
11 28 (1.75%) Vue.js
12 26 (1.63%) Kafka
13 25 (1.56%) Spring
14 22 (1.38%) GraphQL
15 19 (1.19%) WPF
16 17 (1.06%) OAuth2
16 17 (1.06%) Ruby on Rails
17 14 (0.88%) Middleware
17 14 (0.88%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 123 (7.69%) Management Information System
2 74 (4.63%) Cyberthreat
3 70 (4.38%) Cyberattack
4 59 (3.69%) Public Cloud
5 47 (2.94%) Cloud Native
5 47 (2.94%) User Experience
6 34 (2.13%) Cyber Kill Chain
7 33 (2.06%) Cyber Defence
8 32 (2.00%) Data Centre
8 32 (2.00%) Virtual Team
9 28 (1.75%) Hybrid Cloud
9 28 (1.75%) Internet of Things
10 27 (1.69%) Data Protection Act
11 26 (1.63%) Security Operations Centre
12 25 (1.56%) Self-Motivation
13 21 (1.31%) Mobile App
14 19 (1.19%) Linux Command Line
15 18 (1.13%) Enterprise Software
16 17 (1.06%) Greenfield Project
16 17 (1.06%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 193 (12.07%) Windows
2 185 (11.57%) Linux
3 41 (2.56%) Windows Server
4 40 (2.50%) Unix
5 23 (1.44%) Windows 10
6 19 (1.19%) Mac OS
7 15 (0.94%) Android
7 15 (0.94%) VMS
8 13 (0.81%) Apple iOS
9 11 (0.69%) Windows Server 2016
10 10 (0.63%) Kali Linux
11 9 (0.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 9 (0.56%) Ubuntu
12 5 (0.31%) CentOS
12 5 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
13 4 (0.25%) Mac OS X
13 4 (0.25%) Oracle Linux
13 4 (0.25%) Windows Server 2008
14 2 (0.13%) Windows Server 2019
15 1 (0.063%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 416 (26.02%) Information Security
2 360 (22.51%) Agile Software Development
3 257 (16.07%) DevOps
4 222 (13.88%) SIEM
5 174 (10.88%) Risk Management
6 160 (10.01%) Stakeholder Management
7 159 (9.94%) Penetration Testing
8 158 (9.88%) Security Architecture
9 155 (9.69%) Security Operations
10 153 (9.57%) Problem-Solving
11 150 (9.38%) Software Engineering
12 149 (9.32%) Vulnerability Management
13 132 (8.26%) Analytics
14 129 (8.07%) Identity Access Management
14 129 (8.07%) Project Management
15 116 (7.25%) Mentoring
16 107 (6.69%) Computer Science
17 102 (6.38%) Scrum
18 98 (6.13%) Test Automation
19 96 (6.00%) Presales
Programming Languages
1 287 (17.95%) Python
2 140 (8.76%) JavaScript
3 110 (6.88%) Java
4 82 (5.13%) SQL
5 62 (3.88%) Go
6 58 (3.63%) C#
7 56 (3.50%) PowerShell
7 56 (3.50%) TypeScript
8 52 (3.25%) C++
9 40 (2.50%) Ruby
10 34 (2.13%) C
11 33 (2.06%) Bash Shell
12 24 (1.50%) Perl
13 22 (1.38%) Rust
14 19 (1.19%) Scala
15 17 (1.06%) Kotlin
16 13 (0.81%) VB
17 12 (0.75%) PHP
18 10 (0.63%) ES6
19 9 (0.56%) VBA
Qualifications
1 254 (15.88%) CISSP
2 212 (13.26%) Degree
3 191 (11.94%) CISM
4 112 (7.00%) Security Cleared
5 72 (4.50%) SC Cleared
6 71 (4.44%) Cisco Certification
7 67 (4.19%) CISA
8 51 (3.19%) CEH
9 45 (2.81%) GIAC
10 43 (2.69%) SANS
11 41 (2.56%) CompTIA Security+
12 40 (2.50%) Computer Science Degree
13 38 (2.38%) DV Cleared
14 34 (2.13%) Microsoft Certification
14 34 (2.13%) SSCP
15 33 (2.06%) A+ Certification
15 33 (2.06%) OSCP
16 31 (1.94%) (ISC)2 CCSP
17 28 (1.75%) CCNA
18 25 (1.56%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 208 (13.01%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 177 (11.07%) NIST
3 153 (9.57%) GDPR
4 96 (6.00%) PCI DSS
5 78 (4.88%) Cyber Essentials
6 48 (3.00%) GRC
7 38 (2.38%) NCSC
8 35 (2.19%) QA
9 22 (1.38%) COBIT
10 17 (1.06%) SLA
11 13 (0.81%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 13 (0.81%) JSP 440
12 9 (0.56%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 8 (0.50%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 8 (0.50%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 8 (0.50%) NIST 800
14 7 (0.44%) ISO 9001
15 6 (0.38%) IEC 61508
15 6 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
15 6 (0.38%) SOC 2
System Software
1 153 (9.57%) Docker
2 113 (7.07%) Active Directory
3 41 (2.56%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (1.06%) vSphere
5 16 (1.00%) Hyper-V
6 15 (0.94%) Snort
7 14 (0.88%) VMware ESXi
8 10 (0.63%) Virtual Desktop
8 10 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
8 10 (0.63%) XenDesktop
9 7 (0.44%) Squid
10 5 (0.31%) VMware NSX
11 4 (0.25%) HDFS
11 4 (0.25%) vCloud
12 2 (0.13%) Apache Flume
12 2 (0.13%) BitLocker
13 1 (0.063%) Firmware
13 1 (0.063%) VMware Workstation
13 1 (0.063%) Xen
Systems Management
1 95 (5.94%) Kubernetes
2 74 (4.63%) Terraform
3 33 (2.06%) Ansible
4 28 (1.75%) Nessus
5 27 (1.69%) Single Sign-On
6 23 (1.44%) QRadar
7 21 (1.31%) Microsoft Intune
8 19 (1.19%) Grafana
9 12 (0.75%) Kibana
9 12 (0.75%) SCCM
10 10 (0.63%) AirWatch
10 10 (0.63%) Docker Swarm
11 9 (0.56%) CASB
11 9 (0.56%) Nexpose
12 8 (0.50%) Prometheus
12 8 (0.50%) Puppet
13 7 (0.44%) CSIRT
13 7 (0.44%) Suricata
14 6 (0.38%) PowerCLI
14 6 (0.38%) SCOM
Vendors
1 273 (17.07%) Microsoft
2 107 (6.69%) Cisco
3 90 (5.63%) Splunk
4 66 (4.13%) Google
5 65 (4.07%) SAP
6 57 (3.56%) Palo Alto
7 54 (3.38%) VMware
8 40 (2.50%) CyberArk
8 40 (2.50%) Oracle
9 30 (1.88%) Salesforce.com
10 25 (1.56%) Qualys
11 23 (1.44%) Forcepoint
12 22 (1.38%) Citrix
12 22 (1.38%) Meraki
13 21 (1.31%) CheckPoint
13 21 (1.31%) LogRhythm
13 21 (1.31%) Red Hat
14 20 (1.25%) CrowdStrike
15 19 (1.19%) 3PAR
15 19 (1.19%) ForgeRock