Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
England > London
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 98 66 91
Rank change year-on-year -32 +25 +26
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 1,757 880 1,917
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 3.44% 4.41% 3.51%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.60% 4.70% 3.75%
Number of salaries quoted 1,288 714 1,436
10th Percentile £41,425 £46,250 £37,500
25th Percentile £53,750 £51,375 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% -3.57% +7.69%
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £87,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £96,250 £102,500
England median annual salary £62,500 £62,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year - +4.17% -

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 48,755 18,736 51,167
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 95.53% 93.92% 93.59%
Number of salaries quoted 31,853 15,860 41,721
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £52,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,813 £82,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £105,125 £100,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in London

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity in London.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in London

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity in London over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in London

Cybersecurity
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the London region over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -9 246 £62,500 +4.17% 91
West London -4 112 £64,000 +6.67% 39
South London -7 36 £46,250 -27.45% 9
East London -21 10 £60,000 -17.24% 21
North London -16 5 £41,000 -36.92% 3
Cybersecurity
England

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 483 (27.49%) Azure
2 462 (26.29%) Social Skills
3 440 (25.04%) Information Security
4 421 (23.96%) AWS
5 404 (22.99%) Finance
6 361 (20.55%) Agile Software Development
7 322 (18.33%) Microsoft
8 318 (18.10%) Python
9 283 (16.11%) Risk Management
10 278 (15.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 267 (15.20%) DevOps
12 266 (15.14%) CISSP
13 249 (14.17%) SIEM
14 239 (13.60%) NIST
15 233 (13.26%) Degree
16 226 (12.86%) Firewall
17 225 (12.81%) Windows
18 195 (11.10%) Problem-Solving
19 185 (10.53%) Analytics
20 182 (10.36%) CISM
21 180 (10.24%) Security Architecture
22 178 (10.13%) Stakeholder Management
23 165 (9.39%) Microsoft 365
24 160 (9.11%) Computer Science
25 153 (8.71%) GDPR
26 149 (8.48%) Active Directory
27 148 (8.42%) Linux
28 145 (8.25%) SaaS
29 143 (8.14%) Software Engineering
29 143 (8.14%) GCP

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (1.94%) Elasticsearch
1 34 (1.94%) SharePoint
2 23 (1.31%) Confluence
3 17 (0.97%) IIS
4 15 (0.85%) Appian
5 14 (0.80%) MS Exchange
6 11 (0.63%) Apache Pulsar
7 5 (0.28%) Apache Spark
8 3 (0.17%) Apache
9 2 (0.11%) nginx
9 2 (0.11%) WinCC
10 1 (0.057%) Camunda
10 1 (0.057%) Cloud Foundry
10 1 (0.057%) CMS
10 1 (0.057%) Ethereum
10 1 (0.057%) OpenStack
10 1 (0.057%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 71 (4.04%) Microsoft Office
2 40 (2.28%) Microsoft Excel
3 31 (1.76%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (0.46%) MS Visio
5 7 (0.40%) Microsoft Project
6 4 (0.23%) Figma
Business Applications
1 19 (1.08%) Sentinel
2 8 (0.46%) Primavera
3 3 (0.17%) Shopify
4 2 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.11%) NetSuite
4 2 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
4 2 (0.11%) SAP Business One
4 2 (0.11%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.057%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.057%) SAP BPC
Cloud Services
1 483 (27.49%) Azure
2 421 (23.96%) AWS
3 165 (9.39%) Microsoft 365
4 145 (8.25%) SaaS
5 143 (8.14%) GCP
6 76 (4.33%) Serverless
7 71 (4.04%) PaaS
8 67 (3.81%) IaaS
9 64 (3.64%) Azure Active Directory
10 54 (3.07%) Power Platform
11 40 (2.28%) AWS Lambda
11 40 (2.28%) Azure Sentinel
12 30 (1.71%) GitHub
13 22 (1.25%) Amazon EC2
13 22 (1.25%) AWS CloudFormation
14 21 (1.20%) Mimecast
14 21 (1.20%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 20 (1.14%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 20 (1.14%) OneDrive
16 18 (1.02%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 226 (12.86%) Firewall
2 137 (7.80%) Network Security
3 75 (4.27%) TCP/IP
4 68 (3.87%) Internet
5 56 (3.19%) DNS
6 44 (2.50%) VPN
7 41 (2.33%) Intrusion Detection
7 41 (2.33%) WAN
8 37 (2.11%) DHCP
9 35 (1.99%) Broadband
10 24 (1.37%) BGP
11 23 (1.31%) SAN
12 22 (1.25%) LAN
13 21 (1.20%) Wi-Fi
14 20 (1.14%) VLAN
15 18 (1.02%) Wireshark
16 17 (0.97%) Wireless
17 16 (0.91%) HTTP
18 13 (0.74%) Unified Communications
19 11 (0.63%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 94 (5.35%) Big Data
2 49 (2.79%) NoSQL
3 46 (2.62%) PostgreSQL
4 44 (2.50%) SQL Server
5 35 (1.99%) Relational Database
6 32 (1.82%) MongoDB
7 21 (1.20%) Power BI
8 19 (1.08%) RDBMS
9 15 (0.85%) Redis
10 14 (0.80%) Apache Cassandra
10 14 (0.80%) Oracle Database
10 14 (0.80%) SQL Server 2012
11 12 (0.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 12 (0.68%) Data Lake
11 12 (0.68%) Tableau
12 11 (0.63%) MySQL
13 10 (0.57%) Apache Accumulo
14 9 (0.51%) BigQuery
15 8 (0.46%) Blockchain
15 8 (0.46%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 45 (2.56%) JIRA
2 41 (2.33%) Jenkins
3 38 (2.16%) Git (software)
4 31 (1.76%) GitLab
5 10 (0.57%) CircleCI
5 10 (0.57%) Postman
6 7 (0.40%) Cypress.io
6 7 (0.40%) git-flow
6 7 (0.40%) JMeter
7 6 (0.34%) IDA Disassembler
7 6 (0.34%) Metasploit
7 6 (0.34%) Terragrunt
8 5 (0.28%) Bitbucket
8 5 (0.28%) CMake
8 5 (0.28%) Robot Framework
8 5 (0.28%) Snyk
9 4 (0.23%) Mocha
9 4 (0.23%) PEAR
9 4 (0.23%) Selenium
9 4 (0.23%) webpack
General
1 462 (26.29%) Social Skills
2 404 (22.99%) Finance
3 133 (7.57%) Analytical Skills
4 125 (7.11%) Public Sector
5 115 (6.55%) Telecoms
6 101 (5.75%) Legal
7 98 (5.58%) Banking
8 78 (4.44%) Marketing
8 78 (4.44%) Presentation Skills
9 69 (3.93%) Law
10 56 (3.19%) Manufacturing
11 40 (2.28%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 40 (2.28%) Organisational Skills
12 33 (1.88%) Electronics
13 22 (1.25%) Military
14 18 (1.02%) Financial Institution
14 18 (1.02%) Influencing Skills
15 17 (0.97%) French Language
16 16 (0.91%) Spanish Language
17 15 (0.85%) Retail
Job Titles
1 207 (11.78%) Security Engineer
2 205 (11.67%) Consultant
3 182 (10.36%) Analyst
4 178 (10.13%) Architect
5 141 (8.03%) Security Consultant
6 119 (6.77%) Security Analyst
7 117 (6.66%) Cybersecurity Engineer
8 110 (6.26%) Developer
9 108 (6.15%) Security Manager
10 95 (5.41%) Cybersecurity Consultant
11 91 (5.18%) Security Architect
12 67 (3.81%) Software Engineer
13 62 (3.53%) Cybersecurity Manager
14 47 (2.68%) Cloud Engineer
15 46 (2.62%) Cybersecurity Analyst
16 45 (2.56%) Senior Consultant
17 40 (2.28%) Security Specialist
18 38 (2.16%) Senior Manager
19 37 (2.11%) IT Manager
20 36 (2.05%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 61 (3.47%) React
2 56 (3.19%) Node.js
3 54 (3.07%) RESTful
3 54 (3.07%) Web Services
4 50 (2.85%) Django
5 35 (1.99%) REST
6 31 (1.76%) .NET
7 30 (1.71%) Kafka
8 29 (1.65%) HTML
8 29 (1.65%) OAuth
9 27 (1.54%) JSON
10 23 (1.31%) GraphQL
11 20 (1.14%) Vue.js
12 19 (1.08%) AngularJS
13 18 (1.02%) CSS
14 15 (0.85%) Spring
15 14 (0.80%) Apache NiFi
16 13 (0.74%) Regular Expression
17 12 (0.68%) OAuth2
17 12 (0.68%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 138 (7.85%) Management Information System
2 112 (6.37%) Cyberthreat
3 89 (5.07%) Cyberattack
4 77 (4.38%) User Experience
5 64 (3.64%) Public Cloud
6 46 (2.62%) Cloud Native
7 37 (2.11%) Data Centre
7 37 (2.11%) Robotics
8 36 (2.05%) Data Protection Act
9 35 (1.99%) Cyber Defence
10 32 (1.82%) Hybrid Cloud
11 29 (1.65%) Virtual Team
12 28 (1.59%) Self-Motivation
13 27 (1.54%) Cyber Kill Chain
14 25 (1.42%) Security Operations Centre
15 22 (1.25%) NHS
16 20 (1.14%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
16 20 (1.14%) Enterprise Software
16 20 (1.14%) Linux Command Line
17 18 (1.02%) Algorithms
Operating Systems
1 225 (12.81%) Windows
2 148 (8.42%) Linux
3 63 (3.59%) Windows Server
4 46 (2.62%) Windows 10
5 35 (1.99%) Unix
6 33 (1.88%) Windows Server 2016
7 29 (1.65%) Mac OS
8 27 (1.54%) Mac OS X
8 27 (1.54%) Windows Server 2012
9 15 (0.85%) Android
9 15 (0.85%) Apple iOS
10 10 (0.57%) VMS
11 9 (0.51%) Kali Linux
12 8 (0.46%) Windows 7
13 6 (0.34%) Windows Server 2019
14 4 (0.23%) CentOS
15 3 (0.17%) Solaris
15 3 (0.17%) Ubuntu
16 2 (0.11%) OpenBSD
16 2 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 440 (25.04%) Information Security
2 361 (20.55%) Agile Software Development
3 283 (16.11%) Risk Management
4 267 (15.20%) DevOps
5 249 (14.17%) SIEM
6 195 (11.10%) Problem-Solving
7 185 (10.53%) Analytics
8 180 (10.24%) Security Architecture
9 178 (10.13%) Stakeholder Management
10 160 (9.11%) Computer Science
11 143 (8.14%) Software Engineering
12 140 (7.97%) Vulnerability Management
13 137 (7.80%) Project Management
14 136 (7.74%) Mentoring
15 130 (7.40%) Security Operations
16 129 (7.34%) Penetration Testing
17 123 (7.00%) Continuous Improvement
18 113 (6.43%) Artificial Intelligence
19 106 (6.03%) Business Development
20 101 (5.75%) Data Protection
Programming Languages
1 318 (18.10%) Python
2 128 (7.29%) Java
3 127 (7.23%) JavaScript
4 107 (6.09%) PowerShell
4 107 (6.09%) SQL
5 81 (4.61%) Go
6 61 (3.47%) C++
7 54 (3.07%) C#
8 46 (2.62%) TypeScript
9 45 (2.56%) Bash Shell
10 31 (1.76%) C
10 31 (1.76%) Ruby
11 26 (1.48%) Rust
12 24 (1.37%) Perl
13 18 (1.02%) Kotlin
14 16 (0.91%) VB
15 14 (0.80%) PHP
16 11 (0.63%) Shell Script
17 10 (0.57%) Scala
18 6 (0.34%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 266 (15.14%) CISSP
2 233 (13.26%) Degree
3 182 (10.36%) CISM
4 128 (7.29%) Security Cleared
5 90 (5.12%) Cisco Certification
6 84 (4.78%) CISA
7 79 (4.50%) SC Cleared
8 65 (3.70%) CEH
9 48 (2.73%) CCNA
10 47 (2.68%) Computer Science Degree
11 46 (2.62%) SANS
12 40 (2.28%) GIAC
13 37 (2.11%) Microsoft Certification
14 33 (1.88%) OSCP
15 30 (1.71%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 30 (1.71%) CompTIA Security+
16 29 (1.65%) CRISC
17 27 (1.54%) SSCP
18 26 (1.48%) CCNP
18 26 (1.48%) CREST Certified
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 278 (15.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 239 (13.60%) NIST
3 153 (8.71%) GDPR
4 92 (5.24%) Cyber Essentials
5 76 (4.33%) PCI DSS
6 67 (3.81%) GRC
7 51 (2.90%) NCSC
8 48 (2.73%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 44 (2.50%) QA
10 21 (1.20%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 20 (1.14%) COBIT
11 20 (1.14%) JSP 440
12 17 (0.97%) IASME
13 14 (0.80%) SLA
13 14 (0.80%) SOC 2
14 13 (0.74%) NIST 800
15 11 (0.63%) RMADS
16 10 (0.57%) ISO 22301
17 9 (0.51%) HIPAA
18 8 (0.46%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 149 (8.48%) Active Directory
2 124 (7.06%) Docker
3 59 (3.36%) VMware Infrastructure
4 35 (1.99%) Hyper-V
5 17 (0.97%) Firmware
6 14 (0.80%) Virtual Machines
7 10 (0.57%) vSphere
8 9 (0.51%) VMware ESXi
9 8 (0.46%) Microsoft App-V
9 8 (0.46%) Snort
9 8 (0.46%) XenApp
10 6 (0.34%) BitLocker
10 6 (0.34%) Virtual Desktop
11 5 (0.28%) vCloud
11 5 (0.28%) XenDesktop
12 4 (0.23%) HDFS
12 4 (0.23%) Squid
13 3 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
14 1 (0.057%) KVM
14 1 (0.057%) LXC
Systems Management
1 100 (5.69%) Terraform
2 91 (5.18%) Kubernetes
3 35 (1.99%) Ansible
4 30 (1.71%) Nessus
5 26 (1.48%) Microsoft Intune
6 25 (1.42%) QRadar
7 20 (1.14%) Single Sign-On
8 19 (1.08%) CASB
9 16 (0.91%) SCCM
10 11 (0.63%) Kibana
10 11 (0.63%) Nmap
10 11 (0.63%) SCOM
11 9 (0.51%) CSIRT
12 8 (0.46%) Docker Swarm
12 8 (0.46%) EdgeSight
12 8 (0.46%) Grafana
12 8 (0.46%) Nagios
12 8 (0.46%) SCOrch
12 8 (0.46%) SCVMM
13 7 (0.40%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 322 (18.33%) Microsoft
2 77 (4.38%) Cisco
2 77 (4.38%) Splunk
3 69 (3.93%) VMware
4 63 (3.59%) Google
5 55 (3.13%) Palo Alto
6 42 (2.39%) Salesforce.com
7 40 (2.28%) Oracle
8 39 (2.22%) SAP
9 34 (1.94%) CyberArk
10 28 (1.59%) Qualys
10 28 (1.59%) ServiceNow
11 26 (1.48%) MuleSoft
12 25 (1.42%) Meraki
13 19 (1.08%) CheckPoint
13 19 (1.08%) ForgeRock
14 18 (1.02%) Citrix
15 17 (0.97%) LogRhythm
16 16 (0.91%) Intel
17 15 (0.85%) HP