Period
to 12 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 12 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
England > London
6 months to
12 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 87 83 103
Rank change year-on-year -4 +20 +12
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 1,231 1,571 1,812
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 3.71% 3.84% 3.08%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.95% 4.09% 3.31%
Number of salaries quoted 879 1,175 1,321
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £41,250
25th Percentile £53,750 £53,750 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £70,000
75th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £88,750
90th Percentile £100,000 £95,950 £106,250
England median annual salary £62,500 £59,500 £57,500
% change year-on-year +5.04% +3.48% -

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 31,193 38,372 54,753
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 93.97% 93.90% 92.95%
Number of salaries quoted 23,925 31,232 44,684
10th Percentile £42,500 £38,000 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £66,750 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.87% +2.69% +8.33%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £81,250
90th Percentile £105,000 £102,500 £97,500
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in London

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity in London.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in London

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity in London over the 6 months to 12 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in London

Cybersecurity
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the London region over the 6 months to 12 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -4 220 £62,500 -7.41% 63
West London +11 50 £72,500 +11.54% 51
South London -9 21 £47,250 -10.00% 24
East London +24 15 £72,500 +11.54% 31
North London +23 5 £70,000 +27.27% 6
Cybersecurity
England

For the 6 months to 12 May 2021, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 336 (27.29%) Finance
2 326 (26.48%) Information Security
3 272 (22.10%) Agile Software Development
4 268 (21.77%) Social Skills
5 263 (21.36%) Azure
6 243 (19.74%) AWS
7 231 (18.77%) CISSP
8 200 (16.25%) Microsoft
9 185 (15.03%) DevOps
10 172 (13.97%) Firewall
11 167 (13.57%) SIEM
12 162 (13.16%) Linux
13 160 (13.00%) Python
13 160 (13.00%) ISO/IEC 27001
14 157 (12.75%) Degree
15 156 (12.67%) Security Operations
16 151 (12.27%) CISM
17 148 (12.02%) Penetration Testing
18 147 (11.94%) Windows
19 131 (10.64%) Vulnerability Management
19 131 (10.64%) NIST
20 119 (9.67%) Problem-Solving
21 118 (9.59%) Stakeholder Management
22 117 (9.50%) Security Architecture
23 116 (9.42%) Management Information System
24 109 (8.85%) Risk Management
25 108 (8.77%) Docker
26 106 (8.61%) Cisco
27 105 (8.53%) Identity Access Management
27 105 (8.53%) GDPR

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (2.19%) Confluence
2 26 (2.11%) Elasticsearch
3 15 (1.22%) nginx
4 14 (1.14%) SharePoint
5 9 (0.73%) Apache Spark
6 8 (0.65%) IIS
7 3 (0.24%) Apache
7 3 (0.24%) Apache Pulsar
7 3 (0.24%) Appian
7 3 (0.24%) Camunda
8 2 (0.16%) MS Exchange
8 2 (0.16%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 1 (0.081%) CMS
9 1 (0.081%) JBoss
9 1 (0.081%) OpenStack
9 1 (0.081%) Tomcat
9 1 (0.081%) WebLogic
9 1 (0.081%) WebSphere
Applications
1 22 (1.79%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (0.49%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.16%) Gephi
5 1 (0.081%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (0.49%) NetSuite
1 6 (0.49%) Primavera
2 5 (0.41%) Sentinel
3 4 (0.32%) SAP CRM
4 2 (0.16%) SAP Business One
4 2 (0.16%) SAP ERP
4 2 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.081%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 263 (21.36%) Azure
2 243 (19.74%) AWS
3 101 (8.20%) SaaS
4 99 (8.04%) Microsoft 365
5 80 (6.50%) GCP
6 34 (2.76%) IaaS
7 28 (2.27%) GitHub
8 23 (1.87%) Serverless
9 22 (1.79%) PaaS
10 21 (1.71%) Azure Active Directory
10 21 (1.71%) Azure Sentinel
11 18 (1.46%) Heroku
11 18 (1.46%) Mimecast
12 11 (0.89%) Amazon S3
12 11 (0.89%) Cloud Computing
13 10 (0.81%) npm
14 9 (0.73%) OneDrive
15 8 (0.65%) AWS Lambda
15 8 (0.65%) Stripe
16 7 (0.57%) Azure Key Vault
Communications & Networking
1 172 (13.97%) Firewall
2 89 (7.23%) Network Security
3 40 (3.25%) Intrusion Detection
4 39 (3.17%) Internet
5 36 (2.92%) DNS
6 33 (2.68%) VPN
7 27 (2.19%) TCP/IP
8 19 (1.54%) Wireless
9 17 (1.38%) DHCP
9 17 (1.38%) SAN
10 16 (1.30%) Cisco ASA
10 16 (1.30%) LAN
10 16 (1.30%) WAN
11 14 (1.14%) HTTP
12 13 (1.06%) NetScaler
13 10 (0.81%) Cisco Firepower
13 10 (0.81%) Unified Communications
14 9 (0.73%) 5G
15 8 (0.65%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
15 8 (0.65%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 56 (4.55%) Big Data
2 26 (2.11%) PostgreSQL
3 22 (1.79%) Redis
3 22 (1.79%) Relational Database
4 20 (1.62%) SQL Server
5 16 (1.30%) Hadoop
5 16 (1.30%) NoSQL
6 15 (1.22%) Blockchain
7 9 (0.73%) Data Warehouse
8 8 (0.65%) MongoDB
8 8 (0.65%) MySQL
8 8 (0.65%) RDBMS
9 7 (0.57%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 6 (0.49%) Tableau
11 5 (0.41%) Amazon RDS
12 4 (0.32%) FileMaker
13 3 (0.24%) Oracle ODI
13 3 (0.24%) Power BI
14 2 (0.16%) Impala
14 2 (0.16%) Qlik Sense
Development Applications
1 49 (3.98%) JIRA
2 42 (3.41%) Jenkins
3 41 (3.33%) Git (software)
4 14 (1.14%) Cypress.io
5 9 (0.73%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 9 (0.73%) webpack
6 8 (0.65%) Metasploit
6 8 (0.65%) Sonatype Nexus
7 6 (0.49%) GitLab
7 6 (0.49%) Octopus Deploy
7 6 (0.49%) Postman
7 6 (0.49%) Snyk
7 6 (0.49%) TeamCity
8 5 (0.41%) Maven
8 5 (0.41%) Selenium
8 5 (0.41%) Visual Studio
9 4 (0.32%) Mercurial
9 4 (0.32%) Mocha
9 4 (0.32%) Visual Studio Code
10 3 (0.24%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 336 (27.29%) Finance
2 268 (21.77%) Social Skills
3 88 (7.15%) Public Sector
4 83 (6.74%) Analytical Skills
5 74 (6.01%) Telecoms
6 73 (5.93%) Banking
7 66 (5.36%) Marketing
8 60 (4.87%) Manufacturing
9 50 (4.06%) Legal
10 49 (3.98%) Law
11 33 (2.68%) Electronics
11 33 (2.68%) Multimedia
12 23 (1.87%) Retail
13 21 (1.71%) Presentation Skills
14 18 (1.46%) Influencing Skills
15 11 (0.89%) Italian Language
15 11 (0.89%) Local Government
16 9 (0.73%) German Language
16 9 (0.73%) Organisational Skills
17 7 (0.57%) Public Speaking
Job Titles
1 184 (14.95%) Analyst
2 147 (11.94%) Consultant
3 139 (11.29%) Security Analyst
4 114 (9.26%) Architect
5 113 (9.18%) Security Engineer
6 75 (6.09%) Security Consultant
7 68 (5.52%) Security Architect
8 65 (5.28%) Cybersecurity Analyst
9 64 (5.20%) Cybersecurity Engineer
9 64 (5.20%) Security Manager
10 59 (4.79%) Developer
11 51 (4.14%) Trainee
12 46 (3.74%) Software Engineer
13 41 (3.33%) Senior Consultant
14 36 (2.92%) Cloud Architect
14 36 (2.92%) DevOps Engineer
14 36 (2.92%) Security Specialist
15 33 (2.68%) Solutions Architect
16 32 (2.60%) Cybersecurity Consultant
17 30 (2.44%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 59 (4.79%) React
2 56 (4.55%) .NET
3 49 (3.98%) Django
4 41 (3.33%) Web Services
5 35 (2.84%) RESTful
6 33 (2.68%) Node.js
7 30 (2.44%) CSS
8 25 (2.03%) AngularJS
9 23 (1.87%) Spring
10 22 (1.79%) HTML
10 22 (1.79%) REST
10 22 (1.79%) Vue.js
11 19 (1.54%) WPF
12 18 (1.46%) OAuth
13 17 (1.38%) Ruby on Rails
14 12 (0.97%) Apache NiFi
14 12 (0.97%) Kafka
14 12 (0.97%) RabbitMQ
15 10 (0.81%) HTML5
15 10 (0.81%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 116 (9.42%) Management Information System
2 68 (5.52%) Cyberthreat
3 46 (3.74%) Public Cloud
4 43 (3.49%) Cyberattack
5 29 (2.36%) Self-Motivation
6 25 (2.03%) Cyber Defence
7 23 (1.87%) Internet of Things
8 22 (1.79%) Cyber Kill Chain
8 22 (1.79%) Data Centre
9 21 (1.71%) Cloud Native
9 21 (1.71%) Security Operations Centre
10 19 (1.54%) Mobile App
11 17 (1.38%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 16 (1.30%) Hybrid Cloud
12 16 (1.30%) User Experience
12 16 (1.30%) Virtual Team
13 15 (1.22%) Greenfield Project
14 13 (1.06%) Enterprise Software
15 11 (0.89%) Cybercrime
15 11 (0.89%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 162 (13.16%) Linux
2 147 (11.94%) Windows
3 42 (3.41%) Windows Server
4 40 (3.25%) Unix
5 21 (1.71%) Android
6 15 (1.22%) VMS
7 13 (1.06%) Apple iOS
7 13 (1.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 11 (0.89%) Windows 10
9 9 (0.73%) CentOS
9 9 (0.73%) Ubuntu
9 9 (0.73%) Windows Server 2016
10 8 (0.65%) Mac OS
11 7 (0.57%) Kali Linux
11 7 (0.57%) Oracle Linux
12 5 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
13 4 (0.32%) Mac OS X
13 4 (0.32%) Windows Server 2019
14 3 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
15 1 (0.081%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 326 (26.48%) Information Security
2 272 (22.10%) Agile Software Development
3 185 (15.03%) DevOps
4 167 (13.57%) SIEM
5 156 (12.67%) Security Operations
6 148 (12.02%) Penetration Testing
7 131 (10.64%) Vulnerability Management
8 119 (9.67%) Problem-Solving
9 118 (9.59%) Stakeholder Management
10 117 (9.50%) Security Architecture
11 109 (8.85%) Risk Management
12 105 (8.53%) Identity Access Management
13 94 (7.64%) Analytics
13 94 (7.64%) Software Engineering
14 90 (7.31%) Project Management
15 83 (6.74%) Threat Intelligence
16 79 (6.42%) Scrum
17 78 (6.34%) Open Source
18 77 (6.26%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
19 75 (6.09%) OWASP
Programming Languages
1 160 (13.00%) Python
2 95 (7.72%) JavaScript
3 85 (6.90%) Java
4 57 (4.63%) SQL
5 46 (3.74%) C#
6 43 (3.49%) PowerShell
7 41 (3.33%) C
8 32 (2.60%) C++
8 32 (2.60%) TypeScript
9 31 (2.52%) Ruby
10 27 (2.19%) Go
11 26 (2.11%) Bash Shell
12 16 (1.30%) Scala
13 15 (1.22%) Perl
14 13 (1.06%) Kotlin
15 9 (0.73%) ES6
15 9 (0.73%) VB
15 9 (0.73%) VBA
16 5 (0.41%) Java 8
17 4 (0.32%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 231 (18.77%) CISSP
2 157 (12.75%) Degree
3 151 (12.27%) CISM
4 96 (7.80%) Security Cleared
5 78 (6.34%) Cisco Certification
6 66 (5.36%) SC Cleared
7 55 (4.47%) CISA
8 49 (3.98%) CEH
9 45 (3.66%) DV Cleared
10 43 (3.49%) A+ Certification
11 39 (3.17%) GIAC
12 36 (2.92%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 36 (2.92%) SANS
13 35 (2.84%) SSCP
14 33 (2.68%) Microsoft Certification
15 32 (2.60%) OSCP
16 29 (2.36%) CompTIA Security+
17 28 (2.27%) Computer Science Degree
18 24 (1.95%) CCNA
19 20 (1.62%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 160 (13.00%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 131 (10.64%) NIST
3 105 (8.53%) GDPR
4 74 (6.01%) PCI DSS
5 65 (5.28%) Cyber Essentials
6 40 (3.25%) GRC
7 25 (2.03%) NCSC
8 24 (1.95%) COBIT
9 14 (1.14%) QA
10 12 (0.97%) SLA
11 10 (0.81%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 9 (0.73%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 8 (0.65%) Government Security Classifications
13 8 (0.65%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 8 (0.65%) JSP 440
14 7 (0.57%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 7 (0.57%) NIST 800
15 6 (0.49%) ISO 9001
15 6 (0.49%) PA-DSS
15 6 (0.49%) RMADS
System Software
1 108 (8.77%) Docker
2 93 (7.55%) Active Directory
3 32 (2.60%) VMware Infrastructure
4 20 (1.62%) Hyper-V
5 12 (0.97%) vSphere
6 11 (0.89%) VMware ESXi
7 10 (0.81%) Snort
7 10 (0.81%) XenDesktop
8 7 (0.57%) Virtual Desktop
9 5 (0.41%) Squid
9 5 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
9 5 (0.41%) VMware NSX
10 4 (0.32%) vCloud
11 3 (0.24%) XenApp
12 2 (0.16%) Apache Flume
12 2 (0.16%) BitLocker
13 1 (0.081%) Shibboleth
13 1 (0.081%) Virtual Servers
13 1 (0.081%) VMware Workstation
13 1 (0.081%) Xen
Systems Management
1 62 (5.04%) Kubernetes
2 51 (4.14%) Terraform
3 28 (2.27%) Ansible
4 20 (1.62%) Nessus
5 19 (1.54%) Single Sign-On
6 17 (1.38%) Microsoft Intune
6 17 (1.38%) SCCM
7 15 (1.22%) Grafana
8 11 (0.89%) QRadar
9 10 (0.81%) CSIRT
9 10 (0.81%) Nagios
9 10 (0.81%) SCOM
10 9 (0.73%) CASB
11 8 (0.65%) Prometheus
11 8 (0.65%) Puppet
12 7 (0.57%) AirWatch
12 7 (0.57%) BladeLogic
12 7 (0.57%) Kibana
12 7 (0.57%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
13 6 (0.49%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 200 (16.25%) Microsoft
2 106 (8.61%) Cisco
3 65 (5.28%) Splunk
4 47 (3.82%) SAP
5 46 (3.74%) VMware
6 43 (3.49%) Google
7 42 (3.41%) Palo Alto
8 32 (2.60%) CyberArk
9 24 (1.95%) Citrix
10 22 (1.79%) Forcepoint
10 22 (1.79%) Red Hat
11 21 (1.71%) Oracle
12 20 (1.62%) CheckPoint
12 20 (1.62%) Salesforce.com
13 17 (1.38%) 3PAR
13 17 (1.38%) AlienVault
14 16 (1.30%) Qualys
14 16 (1.30%) Symantec
15 15 (1.22%) LogRhythm
15 15 (1.22%) Meraki