Period
to 5 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 5 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
England > London
6 months to
5 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 79 84 107
Rank change year-on-year +5 +23 +8
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 1,106 1,904 1,971
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 3.88% 3.74% 3.14%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.14% 4.00% 3.38%
Number of salaries quoted 899 1,500 1,470
Median annual salary £68,000 £70,000 £70,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -2.86% - +7.69%
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £40,000
90th Percentile £95,250 £102,500 £102,625
England median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% -

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 26,684 47,580 58,278
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 93.70% 93.51% 92.87%
Number of salaries quoted 21,734 38,549 47,767
Median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £42,500 £37,500 £35,750
90th Percentile £103,750 £100,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in London

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity in London.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in London

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity in London over the 6 months to 5 March 2021.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in London

Cybersecurity
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the London region over the 6 months to 5 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -2 206 £60,000 -14.29% 69
West London +45 44 £70,000 -3.45% 31
South London +32 27 £54,627 +4.05% 5
East London +26 17 £72,500 +20.83% 30
North London +35 8 £70,000 +36.59%
Cybersecurity
England

For the 6 months to 5 March 2021, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 333 (30.11%) Information Security
2 262 (23.69%) Finance
3 251 (22.69%) CISSP
4 201 (18.17%) Azure
5 188 (17.00%) SIEM
6 185 (16.73%) Agile Software Development
7 177 (16.00%) AWS
8 173 (15.64%) Security Operations
9 167 (15.10%) DevOps
9 167 (15.10%) Microsoft
10 159 (14.38%) Firewall
11 155 (14.01%) NIST
12 153 (13.83%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 152 (13.74%) CISM
14 149 (13.47%) Penetration Testing
15 140 (12.66%) Vulnerability Management
16 131 (11.84%) Linux
17 126 (11.39%) Windows
18 115 (10.40%) Management Information System
19 114 (10.31%) Degree
20 109 (9.86%) Security Architecture
21 108 (9.76%) Risk Management
22 106 (9.58%) Threat Intelligence
23 101 (9.13%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
24 99 (8.95%) Security Cleared
25 98 (8.86%) Problem-Solving
26 94 (8.50%) GDPR
27 93 (8.41%) Cisco Certification
28 91 (8.23%) Python
29 90 (8.14%) Identity Access Management

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 17 (1.54%) Elasticsearch
2 13 (1.18%) Confluence
3 8 (0.72%) Apache
3 8 (0.72%) Apache Spark
3 8 (0.72%) SharePoint
4 7 (0.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 5 (0.45%) IIS
5 5 (0.45%) Skype for Business
6 4 (0.36%) MS Exchange
6 4 (0.36%) nginx
7 3 (0.27%) Appian
7 3 (0.27%) Camunda
8 2 (0.18%) Ethereum
8 2 (0.18%) OpenStack
9 1 (0.090%) JBoss
9 1 (0.090%) Tomcat
9 1 (0.090%) TPMS
9 1 (0.090%) WebLogic
9 1 (0.090%) WebSphere
Applications
1 11 (0.99%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.18%) Gephi
3 1 (0.090%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 7 (0.63%) Sentinel
2 4 (0.36%) SAP CRM
3 3 (0.27%) NetSuite
4 2 (0.18%) Quorum
4 2 (0.18%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.090%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.090%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 201 (18.17%) Azure
2 177 (16.00%) AWS
3 76 (6.87%) SaaS
4 71 (6.42%) Microsoft 365
5 49 (4.43%) GCP
6 38 (3.44%) IaaS
7 28 (2.53%) PaaS
8 19 (1.72%) Azure Active Directory
9 17 (1.54%) Serverless
10 16 (1.45%) Mimecast
11 15 (1.36%) GitHub
12 13 (1.18%) Cloud Computing
13 11 (0.99%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 10 (0.90%) Amazon EC2
15 9 (0.81%) Amazon GuardDuty
16 8 (0.72%) Amazon ELB
16 8 (0.72%) Amazon S3
16 8 (0.72%) Azure Functions
16 8 (0.72%) Power Platform
16 8 (0.72%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 159 (14.38%) Firewall
2 64 (5.79%) Network Security
3 59 (5.33%) Intrusion Detection
4 34 (3.07%) VPN
5 25 (2.26%) DNS
6 24 (2.17%) TCP/IP
7 19 (1.72%) Internet
8 18 (1.63%) Wireless
9 16 (1.45%) DHCP
10 15 (1.36%) LAN
11 14 (1.27%) HTTP
12 12 (1.08%) WAN
13 10 (0.90%) IPsec
14 9 (0.81%) Cisco ASA
15 7 (0.63%) Cisco Firepower
16 6 (0.54%) DMARC
16 6 (0.54%) HTTPS
17 5 (0.45%) Intranet
17 5 (0.45%) Unified Communications
17 5 (0.45%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (3.98%) Big Data
2 17 (1.54%) Blockchain
3 16 (1.45%) SQL Server
4 15 (1.36%) NoSQL
5 13 (1.18%) Amazon RDS
6 11 (0.99%) Data Warehouse
7 9 (0.81%) Hadoop
7 9 (0.81%) PostgreSQL
7 9 (0.81%) Relational Database
8 8 (0.72%) MySQL
8 8 (0.72%) Tableau
9 7 (0.63%) Power BI
10 6 (0.54%) MongoDB
11 5 (0.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 5 (0.45%) Redis
12 3 (0.27%) GIS
12 3 (0.27%) HBase
12 3 (0.27%) Oracle ODI
12 3 (0.27%) Qlik Sense
13 2 (0.18%) DB2
Development Applications
1 30 (2.71%) Jenkins
2 28 (2.53%) JIRA
3 22 (1.99%) Git (software)
4 11 (0.99%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 10 (0.90%) TeamCity
6 8 (0.72%) Octopus Deploy
7 5 (0.45%) Team Foundation Server
7 5 (0.45%) Visual Studio Team System
8 4 (0.36%) Metasploit
8 4 (0.36%) Sonatype Nexus
9 3 (0.27%) Bitbucket
9 3 (0.27%) Burp Suite
9 3 (0.27%) Selenium
9 3 (0.27%) Snyk
9 3 (0.27%) Visual Studio
10 2 (0.18%) Bitbucket Server
10 2 (0.18%) CircleCI
10 2 (0.18%) HP UFT
10 2 (0.18%) JUnit
10 2 (0.18%) LoadRunner
General
1 262 (23.69%) Finance
2 81 (7.32%) Banking
3 51 (4.61%) Law
4 45 (4.07%) Legal
5 44 (3.98%) Marketing
6 41 (3.71%) Public Sector
6 41 (3.71%) Telecoms
7 33 (2.98%) Multimedia
8 29 (2.62%) Manufacturing
9 21 (1.90%) Retail
10 15 (1.36%) Local Government
11 11 (0.99%) Electronics
12 8 (0.72%) German Language
13 7 (0.63%) Billing
13 7 (0.63%) International Banking
13 7 (0.63%) Investment Banking
13 7 (0.63%) Pharmaceutical
14 6 (0.54%) Italian Language
15 5 (0.45%) Financial Institution
15 5 (0.45%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 191 (17.27%) Analyst
2 155 (14.01%) Security Analyst
3 138 (12.48%) Consultant
4 104 (9.40%) Security Engineer
5 87 (7.87%) Architect
6 79 (7.14%) Security Consultant
6 79 (7.14%) Security Manager
7 59 (5.33%) Cybersecurity Analyst
8 50 (4.52%) Developer
9 49 (4.43%) Trainee
10 48 (4.34%) Cybersecurity Engineer
10 48 (4.34%) Cybersecurity Manager
11 47 (4.25%) Information Analyst
11 47 (4.25%) Information Security Analyst
12 40 (3.62%) Security Architect
13 34 (3.07%) Cybersecurity Consultant
13 34 (3.07%) Security Specialist
14 29 (2.62%) Penetration Tester
14 29 (2.62%) Solutions Architect
14 29 (2.62%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 35 (3.16%) .NET
2 29 (2.62%) React
3 27 (2.44%) Node.js
4 21 (1.90%) Web Services
5 18 (1.63%) Spring
6 15 (1.36%) AngularJS
7 12 (1.08%) Django
7 12 (1.08%) Kafka
7 12 (1.08%) SailPoint
8 11 (0.99%) CSS
8 11 (0.99%) HTML
8 11 (0.99%) RESTful
8 11 (0.99%) Spring Boot
9 9 (0.81%) REST
10 7 (0.63%) ASP.NET
10 7 (0.63%) Vue.js
10 7 (0.63%) WPF
11 6 (0.54%) Apache NiFi
11 6 (0.54%) RabbitMQ
12 5 (0.45%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 115 (10.40%) Management Information System
2 81 (7.32%) Analytical Skills
3 67 (6.06%) Cyberthreat
4 40 (3.62%) Public Cloud
5 31 (2.80%) Cyber Kill Chain
5 31 (2.80%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
5 31 (2.80%) Security Operations Centre
6 30 (2.71%) Self-Motivation
7 22 (1.99%) Mobile App
8 21 (1.90%) Cyber Defence
9 20 (1.81%) Cyberattack
9 20 (1.81%) Data Protection Act
10 19 (1.72%) PKI
11 18 (1.63%) Internet of Things
12 17 (1.54%) Data Centre
12 17 (1.54%) Virtual Team
13 14 (1.27%) Cybercrime
14 13 (1.18%) Cloud Native
15 11 (0.99%) FMCG
16 10 (0.90%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 131 (11.84%) Linux
2 126 (11.39%) Windows
3 52 (4.70%) Unix
4 45 (4.07%) Windows Server
5 20 (1.81%) Android
6 15 (1.36%) Mac OS
7 12 (1.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 12 (1.08%) VMS
8 10 (0.90%) CentOS
8 10 (0.90%) Mac OS X
9 9 (0.81%) Windows Server 2012
10 8 (0.72%) Apple iOS
10 8 (0.72%) Ubuntu
10 8 (0.72%) Windows Server 2016
11 6 (0.54%) Kali Linux
11 6 (0.54%) Oracle Linux
12 5 (0.45%) Windows Server 2019
13 4 (0.36%) Windows 10
13 4 (0.36%) Windows Server 2008
14 2 (0.18%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 333 (30.11%) Information Security
2 188 (17.00%) SIEM
3 185 (16.73%) Agile Software Development
4 173 (15.64%) Security Operations
5 167 (15.10%) DevOps
6 149 (13.47%) Penetration Testing
7 140 (12.66%) Vulnerability Management
8 109 (9.86%) Security Architecture
9 108 (9.76%) Risk Management
10 106 (9.58%) Threat Intelligence
11 101 (9.13%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
12 98 (8.86%) Problem-Solving
13 90 (8.14%) Identity Access Management
14 83 (7.50%) Stakeholder Management
15 76 (6.87%) Risk Assessment
16 71 (6.42%) Analytics
17 66 (5.97%) Open Source
18 65 (5.88%) ITIL
18 65 (5.88%) OWASP
19 64 (5.79%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 91 (8.23%) Python
2 71 (6.42%) Java
3 55 (4.97%) C
3 55 (4.97%) SQL
4 50 (4.52%) JavaScript
5 34 (3.07%) PowerShell
6 28 (2.53%) C++
7 27 (2.44%) C#
8 14 (1.27%) Bash Shell
9 13 (1.18%) Kotlin
10 10 (0.90%) Ruby
11 8 (0.72%) Go
11 8 (0.72%) Java 8
12 6 (0.54%) VB
13 5 (0.45%) Scala
13 5 (0.45%) TypeScript
14 4 (0.36%) Bourne shell
14 4 (0.36%) PHP
15 3 (0.27%) Perl
15 3 (0.27%) R
Qualifications
1 251 (22.69%) CISSP
2 152 (13.74%) CISM
3 114 (10.31%) Degree
4 99 (8.95%) Security Cleared
5 93 (8.41%) Cisco Certification
6 69 (6.24%) SC Cleared
7 66 (5.97%) CISA
8 55 (4.97%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 50 (4.52%) CEH
10 43 (3.89%) A+ Certification
11 42 (3.80%) SANS
12 40 (3.62%) DV Cleared
13 34 (3.07%) CompTIA Security+
14 32 (2.89%) CCSP
14 32 (2.89%) GIAC
14 32 (2.89%) Microsoft Certification
15 28 (2.53%) OSCE
15 28 (2.53%) OSCP
16 27 (2.44%) SSCP
17 22 (1.99%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 155 (14.01%) NIST
2 153 (13.83%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 94 (8.50%) GDPR
4 55 (4.97%) Cyber Essentials
5 54 (4.88%) PCI DSS
6 26 (2.35%) COBIT
7 21 (1.90%) QA
8 16 (1.45%) NCSC
9 12 (1.08%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 10 (0.90%) NIST 800
11 9 (0.81%) Government Security Classifications
12 8 (0.72%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 7 (0.63%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 7 (0.63%) ISO/IEC 27005
14 6 (0.54%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 6 (0.54%) JSP 440
14 6 (0.54%) PA-DSS
14 6 (0.54%) RMADS
15 4 (0.36%) ISO 31000
15 4 (0.36%) SLA
System Software
1 88 (7.96%) Active Directory
2 75 (6.78%) Docker
3 21 (1.90%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (1.63%) Hyper-V
5 7 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (0.54%) VMware ESXi
7 5 (0.45%) XenApp
7 5 (0.45%) XenDesktop
8 4 (0.36%) Snort
9 2 (0.18%) Apache Flume
9 2 (0.18%) etcd
9 2 (0.18%) Squid
9 2 (0.18%) VMware NSX
9 2 (0.18%) vSphere
10 1 (0.090%) BitLocker
10 1 (0.090%) DFS Replication
10 1 (0.090%) Shibboleth
10 1 (0.090%) Virtual Desktop
10 1 (0.090%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (0.090%) Xen
Systems Management
1 47 (4.25%) Terraform
2 44 (3.98%) Kubernetes
3 27 (2.44%) SCCM
4 24 (2.17%) Ansible
5 20 (1.81%) Nessus
6 15 (1.36%) CSIRT
7 14 (1.27%) Puppet
8 13 (1.18%) CASB
8 13 (1.18%) SCOM
9 12 (1.08%) Single Sign-On
10 11 (0.99%) QRadar
11 10 (0.90%) Microsoft Intune
12 9 (0.81%) Nagios
13 7 (0.63%) Failover Clustering
14 6 (0.54%) BladeLogic
14 6 (0.54%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
14 6 (0.54%) Opscode Chef
15 5 (0.45%) Kibana
16 4 (0.36%) EMC NetWorker
16 4 (0.36%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 167 (15.10%) Microsoft
2 73 (6.60%) Cisco
3 46 (4.16%) VMware
4 38 (3.44%) Google
5 34 (3.07%) Splunk
6 30 (2.71%) Red Hat
7 27 (2.44%) Oracle
8 23 (2.08%) Palo Alto
9 22 (1.99%) CyberArk
9 22 (1.99%) SAP
10 17 (1.54%) CheckPoint
11 16 (1.45%) Citrix
11 16 (1.45%) Qualys
12 15 (1.36%) Symantec
13 12 (1.08%) Forcepoint
14 10 (0.90%) Alibaba
14 10 (0.90%) Salesforce.com
15 9 (0.81%) AlienVault
15 9 (0.81%) ForgeRock
15 9 (0.81%) LogRhythm