Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
England > London
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 304 243 256
Rank change year-on-year -61 +13 +6
Permanent jobs citing GDPR 1,025 622 428
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 1.34% 1.50% 1.30%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 8.12% 10.83% 10.64%
Number of salaries quoted 569 398 319
10th Percentile £37,288 £36,250 £41,250
25th Percentile £51,250 £46,250 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,305 £65,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year -7.22% +8.33% -4.00%
75th Percentile £81,250 £87,500 £80,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £105,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.55% - -

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 12,619 5,741 4,021
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 16.51% 13.84% 12.20%
Number of salaries quoted 5,521 3,700 3,125
10th Percentile £37,500 £40,000 £39,000
25th Percentile £50,000 £50,000 £49,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - - +8.33%
75th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £80,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £97,500
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year - - +10.00%

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in London

GDPR
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing GDPR in London.

Salary trend for GDPR in London

GDPR
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing GDPR in London over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Salary histogram for GDPR in London

GDPR
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the London region over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London +1 158 £62,500 -7.41% 31
West London -44 27 £45,000 -5.26% 10
South London -46 26 £32,500 -23.53% 4
East London -42 12 £65,000 -35.36% 6
GDPR
England

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for GDPR.

1 430 (41.95%) Social Skills
2 358 (34.93%) Finance
3 291 (28.39%) Data Protection
4 248 (24.20%) Azure
4 248 (24.20%) AWS
5 241 (23.51%) Information Security
6 237 (23.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 221 (21.56%) Agile
8 205 (20.00%) SQL
9 197 (19.22%) Cybersecurity
10 189 (18.44%) Microsoft
11 188 (18.34%) Analytics
12 186 (18.15%) Python
13 181 (17.66%) Degree
14 164 (16.00%) Data Privacy
15 158 (15.41%) Problem-Solving
16 153 (14.93%) Business Intelligence
17 148 (14.44%) Analytical Skills
18 140 (13.66%) Legal
19 139 (13.56%) Banking
20 137 (13.37%) Management Information System
21 135 (13.17%) Project Management
22 130 (12.68%) Power Platform
23 122 (11.90%) NIST
23 122 (11.90%) DevOps
24 119 (11.61%) Power BI
25 116 (11.32%) Self-Motivation
26 115 (11.22%) Docker
27 113 (11.02%) Data Management
28 111 (10.83%) PCI DSS

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 46 (4.49%) Apache Airflow
2 33 (3.22%) SharePoint
3 32 (3.12%) Apache
4 30 (2.93%) Apache Spark
5 24 (2.34%) Confluence
6 13 (1.27%) CMS
7 12 (1.17%) Tomcat
8 9 (0.88%) SAS
9 7 (0.68%) EPiServer
10 6 (0.59%) IIS
11 5 (0.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 3 (0.29%) Apache Pulsar
12 3 (0.29%) Captiva
12 3 (0.29%) FileNet
12 3 (0.29%) MS Exchange
12 3 (0.29%) WebSphere
13 2 (0.20%) nginx
13 2 (0.20%) Sitecore CMS
13 2 (0.20%) WordPress
14 1 (0.098%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 56 (5.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 45 (4.39%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (1.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (1.17%) MS Visio
5 9 (0.88%) AutoCAD
6 7 (0.68%) Spreadsheet
7 3 (0.29%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.098%) Adobe XD
9 1 (0.098%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 27 (2.63%) Payment Gateway
2 23 (2.24%) Dynamics CRM
3 15 (1.46%) Magento
4 6 (0.59%) Odoo
5 5 (0.49%) NetSuite
6 3 (0.29%) Shopify
7 2 (0.20%) Eloqua
7 2 (0.20%) Temenos T24
8 1 (0.098%) BigMachines
8 1 (0.098%) iTrent
8 1 (0.098%) Social Studio
8 1 (0.098%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 248 (24.20%) AWS
1 248 (24.20%) Azure
2 130 (12.68%) Power Platform
3 107 (10.44%) Serverless
4 101 (9.85%) Microsoft 365
5 92 (8.98%) GCP
6 66 (6.44%) SaaS
7 52 (5.07%) AWS CloudFormation
8 47 (4.59%) Amazon S3
9 43 (4.20%) Cloud Computing
9 43 (4.20%) Dynamics 365
10 40 (3.90%) Snowflake
11 37 (3.61%) Azure DevOps
12 36 (3.51%) Collibra
13 34 (3.32%) GitHub
14 28 (2.73%) Azure Active Directory
15 26 (2.54%) AWS Lambda
15 26 (2.54%) Azure Data Factory
16 24 (2.34%) PowerApps
17 22 (2.15%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 86 (8.39%) Firewall
2 49 (4.78%) Network Security
2 49 (4.78%) VPN
3 44 (4.29%) SSL
4 38 (3.71%) WAN
5 33 (3.22%) Internet
6 32 (3.12%) DNS
7 21 (2.05%) Intrusion Detection
8 19 (1.85%) LAN
9 16 (1.56%) SMS
10 14 (1.37%) Wireless
11 13 (1.27%) BGP
11 13 (1.27%) OSPF
12 11 (1.07%) Cisco ASA
12 11 (1.07%) Cisco Nexus
13 8 (0.78%) Intranet
13 8 (0.78%) SAN
13 8 (0.78%) Wi-Fi
14 7 (0.68%) Broadband
14 7 (0.68%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 119 (11.61%) Power BI
2 80 (7.80%) Data Warehouse
3 77 (7.51%) NoSQL
4 76 (7.41%) SQL Server
5 65 (6.34%) Big Data
6 57 (5.56%) Relational Database
7 46 (4.49%) Hadoop
8 45 (4.39%) MySQL
9 44 (4.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 41 (4.00%) Metadata
11 40 (3.90%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 39 (3.80%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 38 (3.71%) DynamoDB
14 37 (3.61%) Data Lake
15 30 (2.93%) PostgreSQL
16 29 (2.83%) Tableau
17 26 (2.54%) Elasticsearch
18 25 (2.44%) Crystal Reports
18 25 (2.44%) DTS
19 21 (2.05%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 47 (4.59%) Git (software)
2 37 (3.61%) JIRA
3 28 (2.73%) GitLab
4 21 (2.05%) Cypress.io
5 19 (1.85%) Jenkins
6 13 (1.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 13 (1.27%) SonarQube
7 11 (1.07%) Burp Suite
8 10 (0.98%) fastlane
9 9 (0.88%) Octopus Deploy
10 8 (0.78%) Bitbucket
10 8 (0.78%) CircleCI
10 8 (0.78%) git-flow
10 8 (0.78%) Storybook
10 8 (0.78%) webpack
11 6 (0.59%) Emacs
12 5 (0.49%) IBM UrbanCode
13 4 (0.39%) Postman
13 4 (0.39%) SpecFlow
13 4 (0.39%) WebDriver
General
1 430 (41.95%) Social Skills
2 358 (34.93%) Finance
3 148 (14.44%) Analytical Skills
4 140 (13.66%) Legal
5 139 (13.56%) Banking
6 105 (10.24%) Marketing
7 95 (9.27%) Retail
8 69 (6.73%) Law
9 56 (5.46%) Organisational Skills
10 48 (4.68%) Influencing Skills
11 46 (4.49%) Public Sector
12 44 (4.29%) Presentation Skills
13 43 (4.20%) Police
14 35 (3.41%) Inclusion and Diversity
15 30 (2.93%) Advertising
16 29 (2.83%) Games
17 28 (2.73%) Financial Institution
18 26 (2.54%) Local Government
19 22 (2.15%) Telecoms
20 19 (1.85%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 164 (16.00%) Analyst
2 142 (13.85%) Architect
3 64 (6.24%) Developer
3 64 (6.24%) Security Manager
4 60 (5.85%) Security Architect
5 58 (5.66%) Data Engineer
6 54 (5.27%) Data Analyst
7 46 (4.49%) Security Analyst
8 45 (4.39%) Security Engineer
9 40 (3.90%) Project Manager
10 38 (3.71%) Data Architect
10 38 (3.71%) Solutions Architect
11 36 (3.51%) IT Manager
12 35 (3.41%) Information Manager
13 33 (3.22%) Data Manager
13 33 (3.22%) Information Analyst
13 33 (3.22%) Information Security Analyst
13 33 (3.22%) Information Security Manager
14 31 (3.02%) Governance Analyst
15 30 (2.93%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 63 (6.15%) Node.js
2 50 (4.88%) Kafka
3 45 (4.39%) .NET
4 38 (3.71%) React
5 32 (3.12%) CSS
6 26 (2.54%) GraphQL
6 26 (2.54%) HTML
7 25 (2.44%) REST
8 24 (2.34%) OAuth
9 22 (2.15%) Apache Beam
9 22 (2.15%) ASP.NET Web API
9 22 (2.15%) Spring
10 21 (2.05%) OpenID
10 21 (2.05%) SAML
10 21 (2.05%) Spring Boot
11 17 (1.66%) Jest
11 17 (1.66%) OAuth2
11 17 (1.66%) Web Services
12 14 (1.37%) Apollo GraphQL
13 12 (1.17%) Mason
Miscellaneous
1 137 (13.37%) Management Information System
2 116 (11.32%) Self-Motivation
3 94 (9.17%) Data Protection Act
4 58 (5.66%) Data Centre
5 49 (4.78%) Cloud Native
6 41 (4.00%) Smart Meter
7 37 (3.61%) Mobile App
8 27 (2.63%) Hedge funds
8 27 (2.63%) NHS
9 26 (2.54%) User Experience
10 24 (2.34%) Data Structures
10 24 (2.34%) Social Media
11 23 (2.24%) Client/Server
12 20 (1.95%) Augmented Reality
13 15 (1.46%) Blog
13 15 (1.46%) Online Banking
13 15 (1.46%) Virtual Team
14 13 (1.27%) Linux Command Line
14 13 (1.27%) Public Cloud
14 13 (1.27%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 79 (7.71%) Windows
2 50 (4.88%) Linux
3 35 (3.41%) Windows Server
4 34 (3.32%) Unix
5 23 (2.24%) Windows 10
6 11 (1.07%) Kali Linux
7 8 (0.78%) Windows Server 2016
8 7 (0.68%) Android
8 7 (0.68%) Apple iOS
8 7 (0.68%) Windows Server 2019
9 6 (0.59%) VMS
9 6 (0.59%) Windows 7
10 3 (0.29%) Mac OS
10 3 (0.29%) Solaris
11 2 (0.20%) AIX
11 2 (0.20%) Mac OS X
11 2 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 2 (0.20%) zOS
12 1 (0.098%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 291 (28.39%) Data Protection
2 241 (23.51%) Information Security
3 221 (21.56%) Agile
4 197 (19.22%) Cybersecurity
5 188 (18.34%) Analytics
6 164 (16.00%) Data Privacy
7 158 (15.41%) Problem-Solving
8 153 (14.93%) Business Intelligence
9 135 (13.17%) Project Management
10 122 (11.90%) DevOps
11 113 (11.02%) Data Management
12 107 (10.44%) CI/CD
13 94 (9.17%) ETL
14 93 (9.07%) SIEM
15 90 (8.78%) Risk Management
16 86 (8.39%) Fintech
17 83 (8.10%) ITIL
18 81 (7.90%) Computer Science
18 81 (7.90%) Software Engineering
19 79 (7.71%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 205 (20.00%) SQL
2 186 (18.15%) Python
3 95 (9.27%) C#
4 79 (7.71%) Java
5 69 (6.73%) JavaScript
6 40 (3.90%) T-SQL
7 39 (3.80%) Scala
8 34 (3.32%) TypeScript
9 24 (2.34%) C++
9 24 (2.34%) PowerShell
9 24 (2.34%) Shell Script
10 16 (1.56%) PHP
11 13 (1.27%) Go
11 13 (1.27%) Perl
12 10 (0.98%) C
13 8 (0.78%) R
14 5 (0.49%) Kotlin
14 5 (0.49%) Ruby
15 4 (0.39%) Bash
16 3 (0.29%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 181 (17.66%) Degree
2 76 (7.41%) CISSP
3 50 (4.88%) CISM
4 48 (4.68%) CISA
5 33 (3.22%) Cisco Certification
6 27 (2.63%) AWS Certification
7 23 (2.24%) ICAEW
7 23 (2.24%) ISACA
8 22 (2.15%) CEH
9 19 (1.85%) Computer Science Degree
9 19 (1.85%) SC Cleared
9 19 (1.85%) Security Cleared
10 18 (1.76%) ITIL Certification
11 17 (1.66%) CompTIA Security+
12 16 (1.56%) GCIA
12 16 (1.56%) GCIH
12 16 (1.56%) Numerate Degree
13 15 (1.46%) Master's Degree
14 12 (1.17%) CRISC
14 12 (1.17%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 237 (23.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 122 (11.90%) NIST
3 111 (10.83%) PCI DSS
4 104 (10.15%) Cyber Essentials
5 83 (8.10%) Data Quality
6 64 (6.24%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 61 (5.95%) QA
8 48 (4.68%) HIPAA
9 26 (2.54%) GRC
9 26 (2.54%) SLA
10 19 (1.85%) SOC 2
11 17 (1.66%) Accessibility
11 17 (1.66%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 13 (1.27%) ISO 31000
12 13 (1.27%) PSD2
13 12 (1.17%) GxP
13 12 (1.17%) MiFID
14 11 (1.07%) ISO 22301
14 11 (1.07%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 11 (1.07%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 115 (11.22%) Docker
2 52 (5.07%) Active Directory
3 22 (2.15%) ProxySG
4 15 (1.46%) VMware Infrastructure
5 8 (0.78%) Virtual Desktop
6 7 (0.68%) vSphere
7 3 (0.29%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.098%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 93 (9.07%) Kubernetes
2 79 (7.71%) Terraform
3 35 (3.41%) Ansible
4 20 (1.95%) Single Sign-On
5 17 (1.66%) QRadar
6 16 (1.56%) Grafana
6 16 (1.56%) Prometheus
7 10 (0.98%) Graylog
8 7 (0.68%) Microsoft Intune
9 5 (0.49%) Istio
9 5 (0.49%) WSUS
10 3 (0.29%) BMC PATROL
10 3 (0.29%) Control-M
10 3 (0.29%) EMC NetWorker
10 3 (0.29%) HP SIM
10 3 (0.29%) NetBackup
10 3 (0.29%) Netcool
10 3 (0.29%) OpenView
10 3 (0.29%) Tivoli
10 3 (0.29%) Tivoli NetView
Vendors
1 189 (18.44%) Microsoft
2 78 (7.61%) Google
3 55 (5.37%) Oracle
4 34 (3.32%) Cisco
5 32 (3.12%) Informatica
6 31 (3.02%) Salesforce.com
7 29 (2.83%) IBM
8 23 (2.24%) Juniper
9 22 (2.15%) Blue Coat
10 21 (2.05%) VMware
11 20 (1.95%) Apple
12 15 (1.46%) Alteryx
12 15 (1.46%) Databricks
12 15 (1.46%) ServiceNow
13 14 (1.37%) Meraki
13 14 (1.37%) Samsung
14 11 (1.07%) Cloudera
14 11 (1.07%) F5
14 11 (1.07%) Funding Circle
14 11 (1.07%) Riverbed