Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
England > London
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 232 214 284
Rank change year-on-year -18 +70 -11
Permanent jobs citing GDPR 811 301 669
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 1.59% 1.51% 1.22%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 10.63% 12.62% 9.45%
Number of salaries quoted 539 248 559
10th Percentile £36,650 £45,750 £37,500
25th Percentile £47,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year - +8.33% -4.00%
75th Percentile £89,375 £82,500 £80,000
90th Percentile £105,000 £103,750 £90,000
England median annual salary £53,230 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year -3.22% - +3.77%

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 7,628 2,386 7,081
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 14.95% 11.96% 12.95%
Number of salaries quoted 4,828 1,957 5,539
10th Percentile £40,000 £41,250 £36,250
25th Percentile £50,000 £50,000 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year - +8.33% -
75th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £78,750
90th Percentile £101,250 £97,500 £92,500
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in London

GDPR
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing GDPR in London.

Salary trend for GDPR in London

GDPR
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing GDPR in London over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Salary histogram for GDPR in London

GDPR
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the London region over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +5 136 £72,500 +38.10% 50
West London -59 29 £60,000 -7.69% 11
South London -17 11 £42,500 -15.00% 8
East London -16 8 £95,000 +43.40% 8
North London -13 3 £54,000 +2.86% 4
GDPR
England

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for GDPR.

1 319 (39.33%) Data Protection
2 284 (35.02%) Finance
3 257 (31.69%) Azure
4 243 (29.96%) Social Skills
5 223 (27.50%) Microsoft
6 212 (26.14%) AWS
7 193 (23.80%) Information Security
8 189 (23.30%) Python
9 188 (23.18%) Agile Software Development
10 179 (22.07%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 170 (20.96%) Degree
12 161 (19.85%) GCP
13 154 (18.99%) Analytical Skills
14 153 (18.87%) Cybersecurity
15 151 (18.62%) Legal
16 149 (18.37%) Data Privacy
17 148 (18.25%) Business Intelligence
18 142 (17.51%) DevOps
19 134 (16.52%) Analytics
20 124 (15.29%) Management Information System
20 124 (15.29%) Problem-Solving
21 114 (14.06%) SQL
22 109 (13.44%) Kubernetes
23 100 (12.33%) Serverless
24 98 (12.08%) Data Science
25 96 (11.84%) PCI DSS
26 95 (11.71%) Risk Management
27 91 (11.22%) Data Management
28 85 (10.48%) Microsoft 365
29 83 (10.23%) QA

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (6.78%) SharePoint
2 48 (5.92%) Apache
3 45 (5.55%) Apache Airflow
4 32 (3.95%) Confluence
5 29 (3.58%) Apache Spark
6 23 (2.84%) Elasticsearch
7 14 (1.73%) CMS
7 14 (1.73%) MS Exchange
8 7 (0.86%) Skype for Business
9 4 (0.49%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
10 3 (0.37%) Exchange Server 2010
10 3 (0.37%) SAS
10 3 (0.37%) Sitecore CMS
11 2 (0.25%) IIS
11 2 (0.25%) Kentico
11 2 (0.25%) nginx
11 2 (0.25%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 2 (0.25%) Umbraco
12 1 (0.12%) Cloud Foundry
12 1 (0.12%) OpenStack
Applications
1 82 (10.11%) Microsoft Office
2 60 (7.40%) Microsoft Excel
3 30 (3.70%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (0.62%) Oracle Smart View
5 4 (0.49%) Figma
5 4 (0.49%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 26 (3.21%) Payment Gateway
2 13 (1.60%) IBM Planning Analytics
3 9 (1.11%) Oracle ERP
3 9 (1.11%) Oracle Receivables
4 8 (0.99%) Oracle Payables
5 6 (0.74%) Dynamics CRM
6 5 (0.62%) Magento
6 5 (0.62%) Oracle Cash Management
6 5 (0.62%) Oracle General Ledger
6 5 (0.62%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 5 (0.62%) SAP Business One
7 3 (0.37%) Oracle 11i
7 3 (0.37%) Oracle EBS
7 3 (0.37%) Oracle EBS R12
7 3 (0.37%) Workday HCM
8 2 (0.25%) Cloudability
9 1 (0.12%) NetSuite
9 1 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
9 1 (0.12%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 257 (31.69%) Azure
2 212 (26.14%) AWS
3 161 (19.85%) GCP
4 100 (12.33%) Serverless
5 85 (10.48%) Microsoft 365
6 76 (9.37%) Power Platform
7 31 (3.82%) SaaS
8 28 (3.45%) Azure Active Directory
8 28 (3.45%) Snowflake
9 26 (3.21%) Cloud Functions
10 25 (3.08%) GitHub
11 21 (2.59%) AWS Lambda
12 19 (2.34%) Google Workspace
13 18 (2.22%) PaaS
14 11 (1.36%) npm
15 10 (1.23%) IaaS
16 9 (1.11%) Azure Sentinel
17 8 (0.99%) Cloud Computing
18 7 (0.86%) Amazon S3
18 7 (0.86%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 44 (5.43%) Firewall
2 21 (2.59%) Network Security
3 19 (2.34%) DNS
4 15 (1.85%) VPN
4 15 (1.85%) Wireless
5 13 (1.60%) DHCP
5 13 (1.60%) LAN
5 13 (1.60%) Unified Communications
6 11 (1.36%) WAN
7 10 (1.23%) Broadband
7 10 (1.23%) SAN
8 9 (1.11%) VoIP
9 7 (0.86%) Cisco Nexus
10 6 (0.74%) TCP/IP
11 5 (0.62%) DMZ
11 5 (0.62%) HTTP
11 5 (0.62%) Intrusion Detection
11 5 (0.62%) Wireshark
12 4 (0.49%) Internet
12 4 (0.49%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 81 (9.99%) NoSQL
2 75 (9.25%) Power BI
3 74 (9.12%) SQL Server
4 73 (9.00%) Relational Database
5 68 (8.38%) Big Data
6 56 (6.91%) Data Warehouse
7 52 (6.41%) PostgreSQL
8 44 (5.43%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 43 (5.30%) MongoDB
10 33 (4.07%) Hadoop
10 33 (4.07%) Tableau
11 31 (3.82%) Metadata
12 30 (3.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 29 (3.58%) BigQuery
14 26 (3.21%) Data Mining
15 22 (2.71%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 18 (2.22%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 17 (2.10%) Data Lake
18 14 (1.73%) DB2
18 14 (1.73%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 76 (9.37%) Jenkins
2 64 (7.89%) JIRA
3 43 (5.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 43 (5.30%) SonarQube
4 25 (3.08%) Git (software)
5 11 (1.36%) webpack
6 8 (0.99%) Cypress.io
6 8 (0.99%) Visual Studio
7 7 (0.86%) CircleCI
7 7 (0.86%) Sonatype Nexus
8 5 (0.62%) TeamCity
9 4 (0.49%) Mocha
9 4 (0.49%) Octopus Deploy
9 4 (0.49%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
9 4 (0.49%) VSS/SourceSafe
10 3 (0.37%) Android Studio
10 3 (0.37%) Appium
10 3 (0.37%) git-flow
10 3 (0.37%) Moq
10 3 (0.37%) Subversion
General
1 284 (35.02%) Finance
2 243 (29.96%) Social Skills
3 154 (18.99%) Analytical Skills
4 151 (18.62%) Legal
5 83 (10.23%) Presentation Skills
6 77 (9.49%) Marketing
7 69 (8.51%) Influencing Skills
8 62 (7.64%) Retail
9 44 (5.43%) Banking
10 39 (4.81%) Games
11 38 (4.69%) Manufacturing
12 33 (4.07%) Public Sector
13 31 (3.82%) Law
14 29 (3.58%) Financial Institution
14 29 (3.58%) Telecoms
15 24 (2.96%) Digital Economy
16 23 (2.84%) Electronics
17 22 (2.71%) Advertising
17 22 (2.71%) Billing
18 20 (2.47%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 102 (12.58%) Analyst
2 87 (10.73%) Consultant
3 69 (8.51%) Developer
4 51 (6.29%) Architect
5 47 (5.80%) Data Engineer
6 45 (5.55%) Technical Leader
7 35 (4.32%) Senior Consultant
8 32 (3.95%) Data Analyst
8 32 (3.95%) Security Consultant
9 30 (3.70%) Data Manager
10 26 (3.21%) IT Manager
10 26 (3.21%) Scala Engineer
10 26 (3.21%) Security Architect
10 26 (3.21%) Software Developer
11 25 (3.08%) Information Officer
12 23 (2.84%) Security Officer
13 22 (2.71%) Information Security Officer
14 21 (2.59%) Risk Consultant
14 21 (2.59%) Senior Developer
15 19 (2.34%) Senior Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 64 (7.89%) Node.js
2 59 (7.27%) OAuth
3 54 (6.66%) OAuth2
4 46 (5.67%) OpenID
5 45 (5.55%) Apache Beam
6 31 (3.82%) COM
6 31 (3.82%) React
7 30 (3.70%) Kafka
8 26 (3.21%) Akka
9 23 (2.84%) HTML
10 20 (2.47%) .NET
11 19 (2.34%) AngularJS
11 19 (2.34%) CSS
12 18 (2.22%) React Native
13 15 (1.85%) jQuery
14 14 (1.73%) HTML5
14 14 (1.73%) JSON
15 13 (1.60%) REST
15 13 (1.60%) SAML
15 13 (1.60%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 124 (15.29%) Management Information System
2 53 (6.54%) Data Protection Act
3 40 (4.93%) Self-Motivation
4 36 (4.44%) Virtual Team
5 30 (3.70%) User Experience
6 27 (3.33%) Hedge funds
7 26 (3.21%) Cloud Native
7 26 (3.21%) Public Cloud
8 21 (2.59%) Mobile App
9 17 (2.10%) Data Structures
10 15 (1.85%) Analytical Mindset
10 15 (1.85%) Social Media
11 13 (1.60%) NHS
11 13 (1.60%) Smart Meter
12 12 (1.48%) Algorithms
13 11 (1.36%) Freedom of Information
14 10 (1.23%) Podcast
15 9 (1.11%) CCTV
15 9 (1.11%) Freedom of Information Act
16 8 (0.99%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 79 (9.74%) Windows
2 42 (5.18%) Windows 10
3 23 (2.84%) Windows Server
4 21 (2.59%) Mac OS
5 14 (1.73%) Linux
6 12 (1.48%) Apple iOS
6 12 (1.48%) Windows Server 2012
6 12 (1.48%) Windows Server 2019
7 11 (1.36%) Android
8 10 (1.23%) Windows 7
9 5 (0.62%) Windows Server 2008
10 4 (0.49%) CentOS
10 4 (0.49%) Unix
10 4 (0.49%) Windows Server 2016
11 3 (0.37%) Windows Server 2003
12 2 (0.25%) Mac OS X
12 2 (0.25%) Solaris
12 2 (0.25%) SUSE
12 2 (0.25%) Ubuntu
12 2 (0.25%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 319 (39.33%) Data Protection
2 193 (23.80%) Information Security
3 188 (23.18%) Agile Software Development
4 153 (18.87%) Cybersecurity
5 149 (18.37%) Data Privacy
6 148 (18.25%) Business Intelligence
7 142 (17.51%) DevOps
8 134 (16.52%) Analytics
9 124 (15.29%) Problem-Solving
10 98 (12.08%) Data Science
11 95 (11.71%) Risk Management
12 91 (11.22%) Data Management
13 80 (9.86%) Stakeholder Management
14 76 (9.37%) Data Governance
15 75 (9.25%) ETL
16 72 (8.88%) Coaching
17 71 (8.75%) Continuous Improvement
17 71 (8.75%) ITIL
17 71 (8.75%) Software Engineering
18 70 (8.63%) Enterprise Architecture
Programming Languages
1 189 (23.30%) Python
2 114 (14.06%) SQL
3 64 (7.89%) Java
3 64 (7.89%) JavaScript
4 62 (7.64%) C#
5 47 (5.80%) C++
6 30 (3.70%) Scala
7 27 (3.33%) PowerShell
8 24 (2.96%) TypeScript
9 16 (1.97%) VBA
10 11 (1.36%) ES6
10 11 (1.36%) T-SQL
11 9 (1.11%) C
12 8 (0.99%) R
13 7 (0.86%) Bash Shell
14 6 (0.74%) Google Apps Script
15 4 (0.49%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
15 4 (0.49%) Go
15 4 (0.49%) Kotlin
16 3 (0.37%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 170 (20.96%) Degree
2 69 (8.51%) CISSP
3 58 (7.15%) CISM
4 44 (5.43%) Master's Degree
5 41 (5.06%) Security Cleared
6 33 (4.07%) Cisco Certification
7 31 (3.82%) Computer Science Degree
8 27 (3.33%) CISA
9 17 (2.10%) CCNA
10 16 (1.97%) Microsoft Certification
11 13 (1.60%) Numerate Degree
11 13 (1.60%) SSCP
12 10 (1.23%) APMG
12 10 (1.23%) CCNP
13 9 (1.11%) AWS Certification
13 9 (1.11%) BPSS Clearance
13 9 (1.11%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
13 9 (1.11%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
13 9 (1.11%) Oracle Certification
13 9 (1.11%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 179 (22.07%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 96 (11.84%) PCI DSS
3 83 (10.23%) QA
4 82 (10.11%) NIST
5 43 (5.30%) Cyber Essentials
6 42 (5.18%) Data Quality
7 37 (4.56%) GRC
8 28 (3.45%) SLA
9 22 (2.71%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 20 (2.47%) HIPAA
11 18 (2.22%) ISO 22301
12 16 (1.97%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 16 (1.97%) SOC 2
13 14 (1.73%) COBIT
14 8 (0.99%) PSD2
15 7 (0.86%) NCSC
16 5 (0.62%) COSO
17 4 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
18 3 (0.37%) Actionable Recommendations
18 3 (0.37%) IFRS
System Software
1 76 (9.37%) Docker
2 73 (9.00%) Active Directory
3 12 (1.48%) VMware Infrastructure
4 10 (1.23%) vSphere
5 8 (0.99%) Hyper-V
6 4 (0.49%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 3 (0.37%) BitLocker
7 3 (0.37%) LXC
7 3 (0.37%) Microsoft App-V
7 3 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.37%) Virtual Servers
7 3 (0.37%) VMware ESXi
7 3 (0.37%) XenApp
7 3 (0.37%) XenDesktop
8 1 (0.12%) KVM
8 1 (0.12%) Xen
Systems Management
1 109 (13.44%) Kubernetes
2 33 (4.07%) Terraform
3 26 (3.21%) Grafana
3 26 (3.21%) Prometheus
4 25 (3.08%) Single Sign-On
5 11 (1.36%) Ansible
5 11 (1.36%) CASB
6 7 (0.86%) Jamf Pro
6 7 (0.86%) SCCM
7 6 (0.74%) McAfee ePO
7 6 (0.74%) NetBackup
8 5 (0.62%) QRadar
8 5 (0.62%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
9 4 (0.49%) Control-M
9 4 (0.49%) Kibana
9 4 (0.49%) Microsoft Intune
9 4 (0.49%) OfficeScan
9 4 (0.49%) SCOM
9 4 (0.49%) Trend Micro Deep Security
10 3 (0.37%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
Vendors
1 223 (27.50%) Microsoft
2 82 (10.11%) Google
3 70 (8.63%) Oracle
4 31 (3.82%) Salesforce.com
5 29 (3.58%) SAP
6 15 (1.85%) CyberArk
6 15 (1.85%) IBM
6 15 (1.85%) VMware
7 14 (1.73%) Apple
7 14 (1.73%) ServiceNow
8 13 (1.60%) Cisco
8 13 (1.60%) ForgeRock
8 13 (1.60%) GoldenSource
9 12 (1.48%) Cognizant
9 12 (1.48%) LexisNexis
9 12 (1.48%) Meraki
9 12 (1.48%) MicroStrategy
10 11 (1.36%) Citrix
11 10 (1.23%) HP
11 10 (1.23%) Okta