Period
to 23 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 23 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
England > London
6 months to
23 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 237 248 268
Rank change year-on-year +11 +20 -21
Permanent jobs citing GDPR 683 394 764
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 1.52% 1.33% 1.33%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 10.68% 10.91% 10.09%
Number of salaries quoted 435 298 593
10th Percentile £36,250 £42,500 £37,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £50,000 £46,713
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,875 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +6.78% -2.60% -3.85%
75th Percentile £88,750 £80,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £95,000 £97,500
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 6,396 3,610 7,571
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 14.22% 12.16% 13.14%
Number of salaries quoted 4,006 2,806 6,016
10th Percentile £40,000 £40,000 £37,500
25th Percentile £50,000 £48,063 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year - +8.33% -
75th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £78,750
90th Percentile £98,375 £97,500 £93,750
England median annual salary £55,000 £54,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +1.85% +8.00% -

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in London

GDPR
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing GDPR in London.

Salary trend for GDPR in London

GDPR
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing GDPR in London over the 6 months to 23 July 2021.

Salary histogram for GDPR in London

GDPR
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the London region over the 6 months to 23 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +45 130 £70,000 +10.24% 32
South London +10 22 £42,500 -10.53% 2
West London -28 20 £50,000 -23.08% 8
North London +15 3 £54,000 +6.88%
East London -6 2 £86,532 +44.22% 12
GDPR
England

For the 6 months to 23 July 2021, IT jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for GDPR.

1 246 (36.02%) Data Protection
2 243 (35.58%) Finance
3 235 (34.41%) Azure
4 199 (29.14%) Information Security
5 196 (28.70%) Social Skills
6 192 (28.11%) AWS
7 181 (26.50%) Business Intelligence
8 160 (23.43%) Python
9 153 (22.40%) Microsoft
10 152 (22.25%) Cybersecurity
11 146 (21.38%) Analytical Skills
12 140 (20.50%) Agile Software Development
13 139 (20.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 139 (20.35%) DevOps
14 136 (19.91%) Degree
15 131 (19.18%) GCP
16 127 (18.59%) Analytics
16 127 (18.59%) Problem-Solving
17 121 (17.72%) SQL
18 108 (15.81%) PCI DSS
18 108 (15.81%) Data Privacy
19 104 (15.23%) Kubernetes
20 100 (14.64%) Data Science
21 97 (14.20%) CISSP
22 95 (13.91%) Serverless
23 86 (12.59%) Management Information System
24 82 (12.01%) CISM
25 81 (11.86%) Google
26 78 (11.42%) Jenkins
27 77 (11.27%) Power BI

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (8.35%) Apache
2 54 (7.91%) Apache Airflow
3 36 (5.27%) SharePoint
4 25 (3.66%) Apache Spark
5 24 (3.51%) Confluence
5 24 (3.51%) Elasticsearch
6 7 (1.02%) MS Exchange
7 5 (0.73%) CMS
7 5 (0.73%) Exchange Server 2010
7 5 (0.73%) Skype for Business
8 2 (0.29%) IIS
8 2 (0.29%) Kentico
8 2 (0.29%) nginx
8 2 (0.29%) Sitecore CMS
9 1 (0.15%) Drupal
9 1 (0.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 1 (0.15%) SAS
9 1 (0.15%) WordPress
Applications
1 61 (8.93%) Microsoft Office
2 57 (8.35%) Microsoft Excel
3 15 (2.20%) Oracle Smart View
4 13 (1.90%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.29%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.15%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 31 (4.54%) Oracle ERP
2 22 (3.22%) Oracle Receivables
3 21 (3.07%) Oracle Payables
4 19 (2.78%) Payment Gateway
5 15 (2.20%) Oracle Cash Management
5 15 (2.20%) Oracle General Ledger
5 15 (2.20%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 9 (1.32%) SAP Business One
7 6 (0.88%) Dynamics CRM
7 6 (0.88%) Oracle 11i
7 6 (0.88%) Oracle EBS
7 6 (0.88%) Oracle EBS R12
8 2 (0.29%) Cloudability
8 2 (0.29%) Magento
9 1 (0.15%) Eloqua
9 1 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 235 (34.41%) Azure
2 192 (28.11%) AWS
3 131 (19.18%) GCP
4 95 (13.91%) Serverless
5 77 (11.27%) Power Platform
6 60 (8.78%) Microsoft 365
7 48 (7.03%) SaaS
8 33 (4.83%) Cloud Functions
9 27 (3.95%) Snowflake
10 23 (3.37%) AWS Lambda
10 23 (3.37%) GitHub
11 12 (1.76%) Google Workspace
11 12 (1.76%) PaaS
12 9 (1.32%) npm
13 8 (1.17%) Amazon S3
13 8 (1.17%) Azure Active Directory
14 6 (0.88%) Azure Sentinel
14 6 (0.88%) Google Analytics
14 6 (0.88%) Google Data Studio
15 5 (0.73%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 39 (5.71%) Firewall
2 17 (2.49%) Network Security
3 16 (2.34%) WAN
4 15 (2.20%) DNS
5 14 (2.05%) LAN
6 12 (1.76%) VPN
7 11 (1.61%) DHCP
8 10 (1.46%) Cisco Nexus
9 9 (1.32%) Wireless
10 7 (1.02%) SAN
11 6 (0.88%) TCP/IP
12 5 (0.73%) Fibre Channel
12 5 (0.73%) Intrusion Detection
12 5 (0.73%) VoIP
13 4 (0.59%) DMZ
14 3 (0.44%) Broadband
14 3 (0.44%) FTP
14 3 (0.44%) Internet
14 3 (0.44%) Intranet
14 3 (0.44%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 77 (11.27%) Power BI
2 72 (10.54%) Big Data
3 68 (9.96%) NoSQL
4 67 (9.81%) SQL Server
5 57 (8.35%) Relational Database
6 54 (7.91%) Data Warehouse
7 39 (5.71%) PostgreSQL
8 38 (5.56%) Data Mining
9 37 (5.42%) BigQuery
10 35 (5.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 35 (5.12%) Metadata
11 34 (4.98%) MongoDB
12 31 (4.54%) Hadoop
13 28 (4.10%) Tableau
14 27 (3.95%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 26 (3.81%) Oracle Reports
16 22 (3.22%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 19 (2.78%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 14 (2.05%) DB2
19 12 (1.76%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 78 (11.42%) Jenkins
2 38 (5.56%) JIRA
3 33 (4.83%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 33 (4.83%) SonarQube
4 22 (3.22%) Git (software)
5 10 (1.46%) Oracle Forms
5 10 (1.46%) Sonatype Nexus
6 9 (1.32%) webpack
7 8 (1.17%) Bitbucket
8 6 (0.88%) Visual Studio
9 4 (0.59%) CircleCI
9 4 (0.59%) Travis CI
10 3 (0.44%) Android Studio
10 3 (0.44%) Appium
10 3 (0.44%) git-flow
11 2 (0.29%) Fiddler
11 2 (0.29%) Postman
11 2 (0.29%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
11 2 (0.29%) Visual Studio Code
12 1 (0.15%) Browser DevTools
General
1 243 (35.58%) Finance
2 196 (28.70%) Social Skills
3 146 (21.38%) Analytical Skills
4 77 (11.27%) Legal
5 70 (10.25%) Marketing
6 63 (9.22%) Presentation Skills
7 56 (8.20%) Influencing Skills
8 49 (7.17%) Retail
9 48 (7.03%) Manufacturing
10 46 (6.73%) Public Sector
11 44 (6.44%) Telecoms
12 36 (5.27%) Electronics
13 31 (4.54%) Banking
14 26 (3.81%) Inclusion and Diversity
15 25 (3.66%) Financial Institution
15 25 (3.66%) Law
16 24 (3.51%) Games
17 17 (2.49%) Advertising
18 16 (2.34%) Organisational Skills
19 15 (2.20%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 97 (14.20%) Consultant
2 93 (13.62%) Analyst
3 44 (6.44%) Cloud Consultant
4 43 (6.30%) Developer
5 40 (5.86%) Data Engineer
6 36 (5.27%) Technical Leader
7 33 (4.83%) Scala Engineer
8 31 (4.54%) Security Engineer
8 31 (4.54%) Senior Consultant
9 30 (4.39%) Data Analyst
9 30 (4.39%) Security Consultant
10 29 (4.25%) Architect
11 28 (4.10%) Oracle Consultant
12 25 (3.66%) IT Manager
12 25 (3.66%) Security Specialist
13 24 (3.51%) Security Analyst
14 21 (3.07%) Functional Consultant
14 21 (3.07%) Oracle Functional Consultant
14 21 (3.07%) Senior Oracle Consultant
14 21 (3.07%) Senior Oracle Functional Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 53 (7.76%) Apache Beam
2 50 (7.32%) OAuth
3 48 (7.03%) Node.js
3 48 (7.03%) OAuth2
4 33 (4.83%) Akka
4 33 (4.83%) OpenID
5 29 (4.25%) Kafka
6 24 (3.51%) Web Services
7 22 (3.22%) AngularJS
8 21 (3.07%) COM
9 20 (2.93%) React
10 18 (2.64%) HTML
11 16 (2.34%) Middleware
12 15 (2.20%) Vue.js
13 14 (2.05%) CSS
14 13 (1.90%) .NET
15 11 (1.61%) jQuery
15 11 (1.61%) React Native
16 10 (1.46%) HTML5
16 10 (1.46%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 86 (12.59%) Management Information System
2 39 (5.71%) Self-Motivation
3 36 (5.27%) Data Protection Act
4 29 (4.25%) Public Cloud
5 25 (3.66%) Cloud Native
6 24 (3.51%) Virtual Team
7 23 (3.37%) Analytical Mindset
7 23 (3.37%) User Experience
8 21 (3.07%) Hedge funds
9 15 (2.20%) Data Structures
10 11 (1.61%) Algorithms
11 7 (1.02%) Cyberthreat
11 7 (1.02%) Mobile App
12 5 (0.73%) Cyberattack
12 5 (0.73%) EMC VNX
12 5 (0.73%) Freedom of Information
12 5 (0.73%) Greenfield Project
12 5 (0.73%) Reference Data
12 5 (0.73%) Security Operations Centre
12 5 (0.73%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 53 (7.76%) Windows
2 40 (5.86%) Windows 10
3 18 (2.64%) Windows Server 2012
4 17 (2.49%) Mac OS
5 14 (2.05%) Windows Server
5 14 (2.05%) Windows Server 2019
6 12 (1.76%) Linux
7 9 (1.32%) Windows 7
8 8 (1.17%) Windows Server 2016
9 6 (0.88%) Android
9 6 (0.88%) Windows Server 2008
10 5 (0.73%) Windows Server 2003
11 4 (0.59%) Windows XP
12 2 (0.29%) AIX
12 2 (0.29%) Apple iOS
12 2 (0.29%) Mac OS X
12 2 (0.29%) Unix
13 1 (0.15%) CentOS
13 1 (0.15%) Solaris
13 1 (0.15%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 246 (36.02%) Data Protection
2 199 (29.14%) Information Security
3 181 (26.50%) Business Intelligence
4 152 (22.25%) Cybersecurity
5 140 (20.50%) Agile Software Development
6 139 (20.35%) DevOps
7 127 (18.59%) Analytics
7 127 (18.59%) Problem-Solving
8 108 (15.81%) Data Privacy
9 100 (14.64%) Data Science
10 76 (11.13%) ETL
11 73 (10.69%) Software Engineering
12 71 (10.40%) Data Modelling
13 70 (10.25%) OWASP
13 70 (10.25%) Risk Management
14 66 (9.66%) Project Management
15 61 (8.93%) Visualisation
16 59 (8.64%) Data Management
17 54 (7.91%) Enterprise Architecture
18 53 (7.76%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 160 (23.43%) Python
2 121 (17.72%) SQL
3 62 (9.08%) Java
4 51 (7.47%) JavaScript
5 45 (6.59%) C#
6 40 (5.86%) C++
6 40 (5.86%) Scala
7 21 (3.07%) PowerShell
8 20 (2.93%) T-SQL
9 15 (2.20%) C
10 14 (2.05%) VBA
11 13 (1.90%) TypeScript
12 10 (1.46%) PL/SQL
13 9 (1.32%) ES6
14 7 (1.02%) Bash Shell
14 7 (1.02%) Go
15 6 (0.88%) Google Apps Script
15 6 (0.88%) R
16 4 (0.59%) Kotlin
16 4 (0.59%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 136 (19.91%) Degree
2 97 (14.20%) CISSP
3 82 (12.01%) CISM
4 57 (8.35%) Cisco Certification
5 55 (8.05%) Security Cleared
6 34 (4.98%) Master's Degree
6 34 (4.98%) SSCP
7 31 (4.54%) BPSS Clearance
7 31 (4.54%) Oracle Certification
8 28 (4.10%) CSSLP
9 25 (3.66%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 25 (3.66%) CISA
10 16 (2.34%) Computer Science Degree
11 12 (1.76%) CCNA
11 12 (1.76%) SANS
12 11 (1.61%) AWS Certification
12 11 (1.61%) CCNP
12 11 (1.61%) Numerate Degree
13 10 (1.46%) SC Cleared
14 9 (1.32%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 139 (20.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 108 (15.81%) PCI DSS
3 69 (10.10%) NIST
4 56 (8.20%) QA
5 33 (4.83%) Data Quality
6 29 (4.25%) Cyber Essentials
7 26 (3.81%) GRC
8 23 (3.37%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 16 (2.34%) HIPAA
10 13 (1.90%) COBIT
10 13 (1.90%) NCSC
11 11 (1.61%) ISO 22301
11 11 (1.61%) SLA
11 11 (1.61%) SOC 2
12 7 (1.02%) NIST 800
13 6 (0.88%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
13 6 (0.88%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 6 (0.88%) ISO/IEC 27005
14 5 (0.73%) Government Security Classifications
14 5 (0.73%) PA-DSS
System Software
1 71 (10.40%) Docker
2 43 (6.30%) Active Directory
3 13 (1.90%) Hyper-V
4 6 (0.88%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (0.73%) Microsoft App-V
5 5 (0.73%) vSphere
5 5 (0.73%) XenApp
5 5 (0.73%) XenDesktop
6 2 (0.29%) LXC
7 1 (0.15%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 104 (15.23%) Kubernetes
2 41 (6.00%) Terraform
3 37 (5.42%) Prometheus
4 33 (4.83%) Grafana
5 15 (2.20%) Single Sign-On
6 12 (1.76%) Ansible
7 10 (1.46%) CASB
8 5 (0.73%) Jamf Pro
8 5 (0.73%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
9 4 (0.59%) Consul
9 4 (0.59%) linkerd
10 3 (0.44%) Kibana
10 3 (0.44%) QRadar
11 2 (0.29%) Control-M
11 2 (0.29%) Puppet
12 1 (0.15%) Cisco CUCM
12 1 (0.15%) FortiGate
12 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Intune
12 1 (0.15%) Opscode Chef
12 1 (0.15%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 153 (22.40%) Microsoft
2 81 (11.86%) Google
3 71 (10.40%) Oracle
4 38 (5.56%) SAP
5 18 (2.64%) Cisco
6 16 (2.34%) Apple
6 16 (2.34%) CyberArk
7 15 (2.20%) ForgeRock
8 13 (1.90%) VMware
9 12 (1.76%) Atlassian
9 12 (1.76%) IBM
10 11 (1.61%) GoldenSource
11 10 (1.46%) Citrix
11 10 (1.46%) Salesforce.com
11 10 (1.46%) SonicWALL
12 9 (1.32%) HP
12 9 (1.32%) Splunk
13 8 (1.17%) Cognizant
13 8 (1.17%) MicroStrategy
14 7 (1.02%) Juniper