Period
to 1 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Apache Spark skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Apache Spark over the 6 months to 1 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Apache Spark
UK > England
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 178 188 161
Rank change year-on-year +10 -27 +21
Contract jobs citing Apache Spark 868 452 1,473
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.52% 1.40% 1.77%
As % of the Application Platforms category 11.49% 9.57% 11.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 546 291 1,074
10th Percentile £425 £413 £450
25th Percentile £500 £463 £510
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £533 £550
Median % change year-on-year +7.98% -3.18% -
75th Percentile £653 £650 £638
90th Percentile £714 £689 £700
UK median daily rate £575 £525 £550
% change year-on-year +9.52% -4.55% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 2 2
10th Percentile £15.53 " £21.59
25th Percentile £17.44 £9.75 £22.10
Median hourly rate £28.25 £10.50 £23.33
Median % change year-on-year +169.05% -54.98% +3.67%
75th Percentile £38.75 £11.25 £24.18
90th Percentile " " £24.46
UK median hourly rate £25.75 £10.50 £23.33
% change year-on-year +145.24% -54.98% -33.36%

Apache Spark is in the Application Platforms category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for application platform skills.

All Application Platform Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills 7,557 4,722 12,997
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 13.20% 14.63% 15.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,173 3,221 8,457
10th Percentile £300 £306 £267
25th Percentile £400 £400 £373
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £588 £569 £570
90th Percentile £675 £663 £638
UK median daily rate £496 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +4.39% +0.11% +5.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 141 100 261
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.61 £11.25
25th Percentile £16.23 £15.00 £12.75
Median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £19.50
Median % change year-on-year +12.50% +2.56% -2.50%
75th Percentile £56.00 £32.25 £34.51
90th Percentile £68.36 £54.35 £52.25
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £20.25
% change year-on-year +12.50% -1.23% +1.25%

Apache Spark
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Apache Spark as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Apache Spark in England

Apache Spark
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Apache Spark in England.

Daily rate trend for Apache Spark in England

Apache Spark
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Apache Spark in England over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Apache Spark in England

Apache Spark
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Apache Spark in England.

Hourly rate trend for Apache Spark in England

Apache Spark
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Apache Spark in England over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Apache Spark in England

Apache Spark
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Apache Spark within the England region over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 630 £598 +8.64% 133
South East -18 77 £545 +14.74% 18
North of England -3 64 £565 +18.95% 22
Yorkshire -6 24 £505 +6.32% 9
North East - 23 £620 - 2
South West -4 22 £504 -4.50% 8
Midlands -25 19 £450 -12.20% 13
North West -31 18 £635 +15.45% 11
East of England -25 13 £513 -19.61% 7
West Midlands -28 10 £450 -12.20% 10
East Midlands -13 6 £500 - 3
Apache Spark
UK

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Apache Spark also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Apache Spark.

1 453 (52.19%) Python
2 435 (50.12%) Big Data
3 415 (47.81%) SQL
4 410 (47.24%) Hadoop
5 354 (40.78%) Kafka
6 321 (36.98%) Azure
7 318 (36.64%) Scala
8 316 (36.41%) Java
9 295 (33.99%) Analytics
10 273 (31.45%) Apache Hive
11 256 (29.49%) Agile Software Development
12 251 (28.92%) AWS
13 226 (26.04%) DevOps
14 219 (25.23%) Finance
15 209 (24.08%) Data Pipeline
16 202 (23.27%) Kubernetes
17 197 (22.70%) Apache
18 187 (21.54%) Social Skills
19 172 (19.82%) Databricks
20 168 (19.35%) NoSQL
21 162 (18.66%) Docker
22 158 (18.20%) Data Engineering
23 153 (17.63%) Data Modelling
24 151 (17.40%) Data Warehouse
24 151 (17.40%) Data Science
25 147 (16.94%) Banking
26 143 (16.47%) GCP
27 139 (16.01%) Jenkins
28 137 (15.78%) ETL
29 136 (15.67%) Git (software)

Apache Spark
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 197 (22.70%) Apache
2 129 (14.86%) Apache Airflow
3 51 (5.88%) Elasticsearch
4 32 (3.69%) Confluence
5 28 (3.23%) Luigi
6 22 (2.53%) Oracle Coherence
7 18 (2.07%) Apache Pig
8 13 (1.50%) SharePoint
9 12 (1.38%) SAS
10 10 (1.15%) Tomcat
11 9 (1.04%) GemFire
12 6 (0.69%) Oracle Workflow
13 5 (0.58%) Apache Solr
13 5 (0.58%) Jupyter
13 5 (0.58%) Mule
14 4 (0.46%) Apache Pulsar
14 4 (0.46%) nginx
15 3 (0.35%) JBoss
16 2 (0.23%) Cloud Foundry
17 1 (0.12%) Apache Synapse
Applications
1 3 (0.35%) SPSS
2 2 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.12%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.12%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 8 (0.92%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 2 (0.23%) SAP R/3
2 2 (0.23%) SAP S/4HANA
3 1 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.12%) Oracle Cash Management
3 1 (0.12%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 1 (0.12%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 321 (36.98%) Azure
2 251 (28.92%) AWS
3 143 (16.47%) GCP
4 96 (11.06%) Serverless
5 78 (8.99%) Azure Data Factory
6 75 (8.64%) Azure Cosmos DB
7 69 (7.95%) Azure Functions
8 61 (7.03%) Amazon S3
9 50 (5.76%) Amazon EMR
10 43 (4.95%) GitHub
11 40 (4.61%) Power Platform
12 38 (4.38%) Amazon EC2
12 38 (4.38%) Azure Synapse Analytics
13 32 (3.69%) AWS Lambda
14 30 (3.46%) Azure Storage
15 29 (3.34%) Snowflake
16 24 (2.76%) Collibra
17 22 (2.53%) PaaS
18 21 (2.42%) Cloud Computing
19 20 (2.30%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 21 (2.42%) HTTP
2 14 (1.61%) Firewall
3 13 (1.50%) DNS
4 9 (1.04%) SSL
5 7 (0.81%) HTTPS
5 7 (0.81%) Kerberos
6 5 (0.58%) Cisco ASA
6 5 (0.58%) Internet
6 5 (0.58%) SIGTRAN
6 5 (0.58%) SMPP
6 5 (0.58%) SMS
6 5 (0.58%) SS7
6 5 (0.58%) Wireshark
7 4 (0.46%) FTP
8 2 (0.23%) Intranet
8 2 (0.23%) Network Security
9 1 (0.12%) PuTTY
9 1 (0.12%) SNMP
9 1 (0.12%) SSH
9 1 (0.12%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 435 (50.12%) Big Data
2 410 (47.24%) Hadoop
3 273 (31.45%) Apache Hive
4 168 (19.35%) NoSQL
5 151 (17.40%) Data Warehouse
6 117 (13.48%) Data Lake
7 110 (12.67%) HBase
8 109 (12.56%) Relational Database
9 98 (11.29%) MongoDB
10 85 (9.79%) PostgreSQL
11 70 (8.06%) BigQuery
12 65 (7.49%) SQL Server
13 64 (7.37%) Apache Cassandra
14 61 (7.03%) Metadata
15 55 (6.34%) Impala
16 54 (6.22%) Spark SQL
16 54 (6.22%) Tableau
17 45 (5.18%) RDBMS
18 43 (4.95%) Amazon Redshift
19 42 (4.84%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 139 (16.01%) Jenkins
2 136 (15.67%) Git (software)
3 52 (5.99%) JIRA
4 35 (4.03%) Maven
5 31 (3.57%) GitLab
6 24 (2.76%) TeamCity
7 23 (2.65%) Hudson
7 23 (2.65%) Sonatype Nexus
8 21 (2.42%) PowerDesigner
9 18 (2.07%) ERwin
9 18 (2.07%) Subversion
10 17 (1.96%) Artifactory
11 14 (1.61%) Bitbucket
11 14 (1.61%) IntelliJ
12 13 (1.50%) IBM UrbanCode
12 13 (1.50%) Visual Studio Team System
13 11 (1.27%) JUnit
14 10 (1.15%) Oracle APEX
15 9 (1.04%) Visual Studio
16 8 (0.92%) Mockito
General
1 219 (25.23%) Finance
2 187 (21.54%) Social Skills
3 147 (16.94%) Banking
4 117 (13.48%) Analytical Skills
5 43 (4.95%) Investment Banking
6 36 (4.15%) Front Office
7 33 (3.80%) Presentation Skills
8 27 (3.11%) Public Sector
9 24 (2.76%) Marketing
10 14 (1.61%) Financial Institution
11 11 (1.27%) Retail Banking
12 8 (0.92%) Documentation Skills
13 7 (0.81%) Games
13 7 (0.81%) Publishing
14 6 (0.69%) Back Office
14 6 (0.69%) Retail
15 5 (0.58%) French Language
16 4 (0.46%) Legal
17 3 (0.35%) Aerospace
17 3 (0.35%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 318 (36.64%) Data Engineer
2 209 (24.08%) Developer
3 88 (10.14%) Architect
4 75 (8.64%) Java Developer
5 73 (8.41%) Big Data Engineer
6 62 (7.14%) Azure Engineer
7 59 (6.80%) Scala Developer
8 57 (6.57%) Data Architect
9 54 (6.22%) Data Scientist
10 50 (5.76%) AWS Engineer
11 49 (5.65%) DevOps Engineer
12 36 (4.15%) Apache Spark Developer
13 35 (4.03%) Senior Data Engineer
13 35 (4.03%) Senior Developer
14 34 (3.92%) Scala Engineer
15 27 (3.11%) Big Data Developer
15 27 (3.11%) Hadoop Engineer
16 23 (2.65%) Azure Architect
16 23 (2.65%) Cloud Engineer
16 23 (2.65%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 354 (40.78%) Kafka
2 99 (11.41%) PySpark
3 75 (8.64%) Spark Streaming
4 65 (7.49%) Spring
5 45 (5.18%) Web Services
6 42 (4.84%) JSON
7 39 (4.49%) RESTful
8 30 (3.46%) Spring Boot
9 28 (3.23%) Apache Avro
10 23 (2.65%) Node.js
11 22 (2.53%) .NET
11 22 (2.53%) Pandas
12 20 (2.30%) Akka
13 19 (2.19%) TensorFlow
14 18 (2.07%) Apache NiFi
14 18 (2.07%) Velocity
15 17 (1.96%) Samza
16 16 (1.84%) NumPy
16 16 (1.84%) PyTorch
17 15 (1.73%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 64 (7.37%) Data Structures
2 61 (7.03%) Algorithms
3 41 (4.72%) Virtual Team
4 38 (4.38%) Market Risk
5 27 (3.11%) Grid Computing
6 24 (2.76%) Management Information System
7 22 (2.53%) Cloud Native
8 21 (2.42%) iPad
9 16 (1.84%) Linux Command Line
10 15 (1.73%) Legacy Applications
11 14 (1.61%) Legacy Systems
11 14 (1.61%) Self-Motivation
12 13 (1.50%) Data Centre
12 13 (1.50%) Greenfield Project
13 12 (1.38%) PKI
13 12 (1.38%) Public Cloud
14 11 (1.27%) Replication
15 10 (1.15%) Hedge funds
16 9 (1.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 9 (1.04%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 87 (10.02%) Linux
2 68 (7.83%) Unix
3 16 (1.84%) Windows
4 7 (0.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 5 (0.58%) Android
6 3 (0.35%) Debian
6 3 (0.35%) Ubuntu
6 3 (0.35%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 295 (33.99%) Analytics
2 256 (29.49%) Agile Software Development
3 226 (26.04%) DevOps
4 209 (24.08%) Data Pipeline
5 158 (18.20%) Data Engineering
6 153 (17.63%) Data Modelling
7 151 (17.40%) Data Science
8 137 (15.78%) ETL
9 126 (14.52%) Machine Learning
10 108 (12.44%) Business Intelligence
11 104 (11.98%) Scrum
12 95 (10.94%) Computer Science
13 94 (10.83%) Data Architecture
13 94 (10.83%) Microservices
14 83 (9.56%) Open Source
15 78 (8.99%) Software Engineering
16 76 (8.76%) TDD
17 75 (8.64%) Visualisation
18 69 (7.95%) Data Management
19 64 (7.37%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 453 (52.19%) Python
2 415 (47.81%) SQL
3 318 (36.64%) Scala
4 316 (36.41%) Java
5 64 (7.37%) R
6 35 (4.03%) C#
7 32 (3.69%) JavaScript
8 30 (3.46%) T-SQL
9 27 (3.11%) PL/SQL
10 26 (3.00%) Java 8
11 25 (2.88%) Groovy
12 24 (2.76%) C++
13 19 (2.19%) Bash Shell
13 19 (2.19%) Go
13 19 (2.19%) Shell Script
14 17 (1.96%) Kotlin
15 13 (1.50%) Perl
16 12 (1.38%) C
17 10 (1.15%) CQL
17 10 (1.15%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 88 (10.14%) Degree
2 56 (6.45%) Security Cleared
3 38 (4.38%) Computer Science Degree
4 36 (4.15%) SC Cleared
5 16 (1.84%) Numerate Degree
6 11 (1.27%) ISEB
7 10 (1.15%) PhD
8 8 (0.92%) BPSS Clearance
9 6 (0.69%) Master's Degree
10 3 (0.35%) AWS Certification
10 3 (0.35%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.12%) CBAP
11 1 (0.12%) CCA
11 1 (0.12%) PMI Certification
11 1 (0.12%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 57 (6.57%) Data Quality
2 35 (4.03%) QA
3 28 (3.23%) GDPR
4 8 (0.92%) IFRS
5 6 (0.69%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.35%) MiFID
7 2 (0.23%) COBIT
7 2 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.23%) NIST
7 2 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.23%) SLA
8 1 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.12%) EMIR
8 1 (0.12%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.12%) PSD2
8 1 (0.12%) TARGET2
System Software
1 162 (18.66%) Docker
2 110 (12.67%) HDFS
3 20 (2.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 10 (1.15%) Active Directory
5 8 (0.92%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 202 (23.27%) Kubernetes
2 122 (14.06%) Terraform
3 60 (6.91%) Ansible
4 58 (6.68%) Oozie
5 43 (4.95%) Hadoop YARN
6 25 (2.88%) Prometheus
7 23 (2.65%) Puppet
8 20 (2.30%) Grafana
9 15 (1.73%) Ambari
10 12 (1.38%) Kibana
10 12 (1.38%) Opscode Chef
11 11 (1.27%) Control-M
12 10 (1.15%) Single Sign-On
13 7 (0.81%) logstash
14 6 (0.69%) Active Directory Federation Services
14 6 (0.69%) Docker Swarm
15 5 (0.58%) FortiGate
15 5 (0.58%) Rancher
16 4 (0.46%) Istio
17 2 (0.23%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 172 (19.82%) Databricks
2 98 (11.29%) Oracle
3 88 (10.14%) Google
4 84 (9.68%) Cloudera
5 68 (7.83%) Microsoft
6 34 (3.92%) Informatica
7 30 (3.46%) Hortonworks
8 28 (3.23%) BiZZdesign
9 26 (3.00%) SAP
10 22 (2.53%) IBM
11 20 (2.30%) Confluent
12 17 (1.96%) Alteryx
13 16 (1.84%) Splunk
13 16 (1.84%) Teradata
14 14 (1.61%) Ab Initio
15 12 (1.38%) MapR
15 12 (1.38%) Salesforce.com
16 9 (1.04%) Adobe
16 9 (1.04%) Red Hat
17 8 (0.92%) StreamSets