Period
to 30 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Apache Spark skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Apache Spark over the 6 months to 30 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Apache Spark
UK > England
6 months to
30 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 218 177 170
Rank change year-on-year -41 -7 +27
Contract jobs citing Apache Spark 684 1,452 1,493
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.21% 1.63% 1.59%
As % of the Application Platforms category 8.54% 10.10% 9.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 502 1,041 1,071
Median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £413 £438 £413
90th Percentile £710 £713 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £550
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 7
Median hourly rate £52.50 £115.75 £30.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -54.64% +279.51% -69.50%
10th Percentile £51.25 £64.88 £19.34
90th Percentile £53.75 £164.83 £65.75
UK median hourly rate £52.50 £115.75 £30.50
% change year-on-year -54.64% +279.51% -69.50%

Apache Spark is in the Application Platforms category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for application platform skills.

All Application Platform Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills 8,009 14,371 15,420
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 14.17% 16.16% 16.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,149 9,385 10,277
Median daily rate £465 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.11% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £263 £293 £269
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £460 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -3.16% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 210 288 332
Median hourly rate £21.75 £18.73 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.15% -1.45% -2.56%
10th Percentile £11.61 £12.00 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.00 £48.75 £47.80
Median hourly rate £22.50 £18.73 £18.64
% change year-on-year +20.16% +0.48% -1.92%

Apache Spark
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Apache Spark as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Apache Spark in England

Apache Spark
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Apache Spark in England.

Daily rate trend for Apache Spark in England

Apache Spark
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Apache Spark in England over the 6 months to 30 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Apache Spark in England

Apache Spark
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Apache Spark in England.

Hourly rate trend for Apache Spark in England

Apache Spark
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Apache Spark within the England region over the 6 months to 30 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -20 459 £575 - 180
South East -28 94 £500 -4.76% 28
North of England -31 53 £538 +3.37% 10
South West +2 31 £550 - 8
Yorkshire -17 28 £475 -5.00% 1
East of England +27 24 £480 -7.16% 21
Midlands +62 22 £525 +13.51% 11
West Midlands +74 19 £525 +31.25% 6
North West +6 19 £550 -8.33% 9
North East +10 5 £650 +30.00%
East Midlands +15 3 £513 +7.89% 5
Apache Spark
UK

For the 6 months to 30 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Apache Spark also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Apache Spark.

1 447 (65.35%) Big Data
2 446 (65.20%) Python
3 366 (53.51%) Hadoop
4 273 (39.91%) SQL
5 268 (39.18%) AWS
6 253 (36.99%) Scala
6 253 (36.99%) Kafka
7 239 (34.94%) Java
7 239 (34.94%) Agile Software Development
8 205 (29.97%) Data Science
9 203 (29.68%) Analytics
10 182 (26.61%) Machine Learning
11 172 (25.15%) Apache Hive
12 165 (24.12%) Azure
13 163 (23.83%) NoSQL
14 138 (20.18%) Apache
15 136 (19.88%) ETL
16 135 (19.74%) Finance
17 126 (18.42%) GCP
18 123 (17.98%) Git (software)
19 117 (17.11%) Data Modelling
19 117 (17.11%) Kubernetes
20 115 (16.81%) DevOps
21 113 (16.52%) PySpark
22 105 (15.35%) Docker
23 103 (15.06%) HBase
23 103 (15.06%) Computer Science
24 99 (14.47%) Linux
25 96 (14.04%) Data Engineering
26 93 (13.60%) HDFS

Apache Spark
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 138 (20.18%) Apache
2 42 (6.14%) Apache Airflow
3 32 (4.68%) Jupyter
4 29 (4.24%) Elasticsearch
5 12 (1.75%) Apache Pig
6 11 (1.61%) Confluence
6 11 (1.61%) Luigi
7 10 (1.46%) OpenStack
7 10 (1.46%) SAS
7 10 (1.46%) Tomcat
8 8 (1.17%) nginx
9 6 (0.88%) Cloud Foundry
9 6 (0.88%) DNN
10 5 (0.73%) GemFire
10 5 (0.73%) WebSphere
11 4 (0.58%) Tornado
12 3 (0.44%) Jetty
12 3 (0.44%) Oracle Workflow
12 3 (0.44%) WebLogic
13 1 (0.15%) JBoss
Applications
1 4 (0.58%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.15%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 5 (0.73%) FINCAD Analytics
1 5 (0.73%) SAP CRM
1 5 (0.73%) SAP ERP
1 5 (0.73%) SAP IS-U
2 3 (0.44%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.29%) NetSuite
3 2 (0.29%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.15%) Shopify
4 1 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 268 (39.18%) AWS
2 165 (24.12%) Azure
3 126 (18.42%) GCP
4 62 (9.06%) Amazon Kinesis
5 59 (8.63%) Amazon S3
6 50 (7.31%) Serverless
7 45 (6.58%) AWS Lambda
8 44 (6.43%) Amazon EMR
9 27 (3.95%) GitHub
10 24 (3.51%) PaaS
11 23 (3.36%) Amazon EC2
11 23 (3.36%) Azure Machine Learning
11 23 (3.36%) Power Platform
12 19 (2.78%) OpenShift
13 18 (2.63%) Cloud Computing
14 15 (2.19%) Amazon SQS
15 14 (2.05%) AWS CloudFormation
16 13 (1.90%) Azure Data Factory
17 12 (1.75%) Amazon SageMaker
18 11 (1.61%) Amazon Glacier
Communications & Networking
1 21 (3.07%) Kerberos
2 15 (2.19%) SSL
3 12 (1.75%) DNS
4 10 (1.46%) HTTP
5 7 (1.02%) HTTPS
5 7 (1.02%) Internet
5 7 (1.02%) RTMP
6 6 (0.88%) Firewall
6 6 (0.88%) VPN
7 5 (0.73%) DSL
8 4 (0.58%) TCP/IP
9 2 (0.29%) 5G
10 1 (0.15%) MQTT
10 1 (0.15%) Skype
10 1 (0.15%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 447 (65.35%) Big Data
2 366 (53.51%) Hadoop
3 172 (25.15%) Apache Hive
4 163 (23.83%) NoSQL
5 103 (15.06%) HBase
6 71 (10.38%) Data Warehouse
6 71 (10.38%) MongoDB
7 70 (10.23%) Apache Cassandra
8 63 (9.21%) Amazon Redshift
9 62 (9.06%) Relational Database
10 60 (8.77%) Data Lake
11 53 (7.75%) Impala
12 51 (7.46%) Amazon Athena
12 51 (7.46%) PostgreSQL
13 48 (7.02%) SQL Server
14 44 (6.43%) Flink
15 35 (5.12%) Data Mining
16 34 (4.97%) BigQuery
17 30 (4.39%) Amazon RDS
18 23 (3.36%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 123 (17.98%) Git (software)
2 92 (13.45%) Jenkins
3 42 (6.14%) Maven
4 38 (5.56%) JIRA
5 31 (4.53%) Sonatype Nexus
6 17 (2.49%) IBM UrbanCode
7 16 (2.34%) Selenium
8 13 (1.90%) Cucumber
9 12 (1.75%) Artifactory
10 11 (1.61%) Visual Studio Team System
11 10 (1.46%) Gradle
11 10 (1.46%) JUnit
11 10 (1.46%) TeamCity
12 8 (1.17%) CircleCI
12 8 (1.17%) Mockito
12 8 (1.17%) Team Foundation Server
13 7 (1.02%) Bitbucket
13 7 (1.02%) ERwin
13 7 (1.02%) NUnit
14 6 (0.88%) IntelliJ
General
1 135 (19.74%) Finance
2 68 (9.94%) Banking
3 29 (4.24%) Front Office
3 29 (4.24%) Retail
4 22 (3.22%) Investment Banking
5 20 (2.92%) Telecoms
6 18 (2.63%) Marketing
7 17 (2.49%) Public Sector
8 10 (1.46%) Pharmaceutical
9 7 (1.02%) Games
9 7 (1.02%) Legal
9 7 (1.02%) Retail Banking
10 4 (0.58%) Manufacturing
11 2 (0.29%) Aerospace
11 2 (0.29%) Automotive
11 2 (0.29%) Financial Institution
12 1 (0.15%) Corporate Banking
12 1 (0.15%) Dutch Language
12 1 (0.15%) Electronics
12 1 (0.15%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 246 (35.96%) Data Engineer
2 136 (19.88%) Developer
3 111 (16.23%) Data Scientist
4 101 (14.77%) Big Data Engineer
5 77 (11.26%) Architect
6 57 (8.33%) Data Architect
7 52 (7.60%) AWS Engineer
8 46 (6.73%) DevOps Engineer
8 46 (6.73%) Java Developer
9 44 (6.43%) Senior Data Scientist
10 38 (5.56%) Python Engineer
11 32 (4.68%) Python Developer
12 27 (3.95%) Scala Developer
13 26 (3.80%) Big Data Developer
14 25 (3.65%) Hadoop Engineer
15 24 (3.51%) Platform Engineer
15 24 (3.51%) Senior Developer
16 23 (3.36%) Big Data Architect
17 22 (3.22%) Hadoop Developer
17 22 (3.22%) Senior Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 253 (36.99%) Kafka
2 113 (16.52%) PySpark
3 74 (10.82%) Pandas
3 74 (10.82%) TensorFlow
4 45 (6.58%) Spring
5 43 (6.29%) NumPy
5 43 (6.29%) Spark Streaming
6 41 (5.99%) scikit-learn
7 37 (5.41%) React
8 36 (5.26%) RESTful
9 33 (4.82%) Spring Boot
10 32 (4.68%) AngularJS
10 32 (4.68%) Natural Language Processing
11 28 (4.09%) MLlib
12 27 (3.95%) Keras
12 27 (3.95%) SciPy
12 27 (3.95%) Web Services
13 22 (3.22%) Apache Beam
14 19 (2.78%) .NET
15 18 (2.63%) Apache NiFi
Miscellaneous
1 86 (12.57%) Analytical Skills
2 80 (11.70%) Algorithms
3 39 (5.70%) Data Structures
4 26 (3.80%) Greenfield Project
5 19 (2.78%) Self-Motivation
6 17 (2.49%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 17 (2.49%) Management Information System
6 17 (2.49%) Public Cloud
7 16 (2.34%) User Experience
8 14 (2.05%) Credit Risk
9 10 (1.46%) Data Centre
9 10 (1.46%) Fixed Income
9 10 (1.46%) Hedge funds
9 10 (1.46%) Market Risk
9 10 (1.46%) Social Media
10 9 (1.32%) Lidar
11 8 (1.17%) Derivative
11 8 (1.17%) Linux Command Line
11 8 (1.17%) Smart City
12 7 (1.02%) Analytical Mindset
Operating Systems
1 99 (14.47%) Linux
2 27 (3.95%) Unix
3 19 (2.78%) Windows
4 9 (1.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 5 (0.73%) Ubuntu
6 4 (0.58%) Android
6 4 (0.58%) Apple iOS
7 3 (0.44%) Debian
8 2 (0.29%) CentOS
9 1 (0.15%) DC/OS
9 1 (0.15%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 239 (34.94%) Agile Software Development
2 205 (29.97%) Data Science
3 203 (29.68%) Analytics
4 182 (26.61%) Machine Learning
5 136 (19.88%) ETL
6 117 (17.11%) Data Modelling
7 115 (16.81%) DevOps
8 103 (15.06%) Computer Science
9 96 (14.04%) Data Engineering
10 86 (12.57%) Artificial Intelligence
10 86 (12.57%) Visualisation
11 75 (10.96%) Software Engineering
12 74 (10.82%) Business Intelligence
13 73 (10.67%) Use Case
14 70 (10.23%) Microservices
15 69 (10.09%) Scrum
15 69 (10.09%) TDD
16 65 (9.50%) Mathematics
17 64 (9.36%) Statistics
18 62 (9.06%) Deep Learning
Programming Languages
1 446 (65.20%) Python
2 273 (39.91%) SQL
3 253 (36.99%) Scala
4 239 (34.94%) Java
5 57 (8.33%) R
6 37 (5.41%) C#
7 35 (5.12%) JavaScript
8 32 (4.68%) Ruby
9 30 (4.39%) Go
10 29 (4.24%) Bash Shell
11 26 (3.80%) C
12 21 (3.07%) C++
13 15 (2.19%) Shell Script
14 14 (2.05%) Java 8
15 13 (1.90%) Perl
16 12 (1.75%) Kotlin
16 12 (1.75%) PL/SQL
17 11 (1.61%) PowerShell
17 11 (1.61%) T-SQL
18 10 (1.46%) PHP
Qualifications
1 84 (12.28%) Degree
2 32 (4.68%) PhD
3 27 (3.95%) Computer Science Degree
4 23 (3.36%) Master's Degree
5 15 (2.19%) Numerate Degree
6 14 (2.05%) Security Cleared
7 11 (1.61%) AWS Certification
8 8 (1.17%) SC Cleared
9 3 (0.44%) BPSS Clearance
9 3 (0.44%) Microsoft Certification
10 2 (0.29%) CCNA
10 2 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.29%) CISSP
10 2 (0.29%) CompTIA Security+
10 2 (0.29%) GIAC
10 2 (0.29%) Linux+ Certification
10 2 (0.29%) Network+ Certification
10 2 (0.29%) PMI Certification
10 2 (0.29%) SANS
10 2 (0.29%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (2.92%) Data Quality
2 13 (1.90%) QA
3 4 (0.58%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.29%) WCAG
5 1 (0.15%) GDPR
5 1 (0.15%) IFRS
5 1 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 105 (15.35%) Docker
2 93 (13.60%) HDFS
3 13 (1.90%) Active Directory
4 12 (1.75%) Apache Flume
5 2 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.15%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 117 (17.11%) Kubernetes
2 62 (9.06%) Hadoop YARN
3 59 (8.63%) Terraform
4 46 (6.73%) Ansible
5 19 (2.78%) Oozie
6 12 (1.75%) Puppet
7 10 (1.46%) Opscode Chef
8 9 (1.32%) Ambari
9 7 (1.02%) Kibana
10 6 (0.88%) Single Sign-On
11 4 (0.58%) logstash
12 3 (0.44%) Grafana
12 3 (0.44%) Graphite
13 2 (0.29%) Docker Swarm
13 2 (0.29%) Prometheus
14 1 (0.15%) Apache Brooklyn
14 1 (0.15%) Kubeflow
14 1 (0.15%) Marathon
14 1 (0.15%) Mesos
14 1 (0.15%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 79 (11.55%) Cloudera
2 70 (10.23%) Google
3 57 (8.33%) Oracle
4 56 (8.19%) Tableau
5 46 (6.73%) Hortonworks
6 39 (5.70%) Microsoft
7 38 (5.56%) Databricks
8 29 (4.24%) Informatica
9 26 (3.80%) SAP
10 23 (3.36%) MapR
11 21 (3.07%) Talend
12 17 (2.49%) IBM
13 13 (1.90%) Splunk
14 11 (1.61%) Confluent
15 10 (1.46%) IBM Sterling
16 8 (1.17%) Ab Initio
16 8 (1.17%) Palantir
17 7 (1.02%) Red Hat
17 7 (1.02%) Sybase
18 5 (0.73%) MicroStrategy