Period
to 24 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 24 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 368 519 362
Rank change year-on-year +151 -157 -12
Permanent jobs citing PhD 318 625 1,370
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.71% 0.50% 0.89%
As % of the Qualifications category 3.27% 2.13% 3.74%
Number of salaries quoted 304 469 1,220
Median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £61,252
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.85% +6.12% +11.37%
10th Percentile £40,000 £34,750 £32,500
90th Percentile £107,625 £110,000 £115,000
UK median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +3.85% +8.33% +9.09%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 9,739 29,390 36,621
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 21.73% 23.29% 23.88%
Number of salaries quoted 7,339 21,634 27,281
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £27,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £87,650 £82,500 £81,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in England

PhD
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing PhD in England.

Salary trend for PhD in England

PhD
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2020.

Salary histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the England region over the 6 months to 24 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +84 163 £72,500 -3.33% 51
South East +172 55 £61,250 +45.18% 29
East of England +142 46 £67,000 +48.89% 17
North of England +154 28 £90,000 +105.71% 6
North West +103 16 £90,000 +123.60% 6
Midlands +130 13 £60,000 +50.00% 10
Yorkshire +127 11 £41,250 -38.89%
South West +114 11 £50,000 +14.29% 8
East Midlands +102 9 £75,000 +71.43% 8
West Midlands +101 4 £58,750 +46.88% 2
North East - 1 £55,000 -
PhD
UK

For the 6 months to 24 October 2020, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for PhD.

1 176 (55.35%) Python
2 132 (41.51%) Machine Learning
3 128 (40.25%) Mathematics
4 116 (36.48%) Degree
5 101 (31.76%) Algorithms
6 100 (31.45%) Computer Science
7 98 (30.82%) Data Science
8 95 (29.87%) C++
9 94 (29.56%) Finance
10 82 (25.79%) SQL
11 80 (25.16%) Artificial Intelligence
12 68 (21.38%) Deep Learning
13 65 (20.44%) Agile Software Development
14 64 (20.13%) Physics
15 58 (18.24%) Java
15 58 (18.24%) TensorFlow
16 57 (17.92%) Software Engineering
17 55 (17.30%) Git (software)
18 49 (15.41%) Azure
19 48 (15.09%) Statistics
20 47 (14.78%) C
21 40 (12.58%) C#
22 39 (12.26%) DevOps
23 38 (11.95%) R
23 38 (11.95%) Master's Degree
24 37 (11.64%) Analytics
25 36 (11.32%) AWS
26 34 (10.69%) Docker
27 33 (10.38%) PyTorch
28 32 (10.06%) Visualisation

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (5.97%) Apache Spark
2 17 (5.35%) CMS
3 6 (1.89%) Jupyter
4 5 (1.57%) Apache
5 2 (0.63%) FileNet
5 2 (0.63%) SAS
6 1 (0.31%) IBM Domino
6 1 (0.31%) SharePoint
Applications
1 2 (0.63%) Simulink
1 2 (0.63%) S-PLUS
1 2 (0.63%) Stateflow
2 1 (0.31%) Maya
Business Applications
1 3 (0.94%) SAP S/4HANA
2 1 (0.31%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (0.31%) FINCAD Analytics
Cloud Services
1 49 (15.41%) Azure
2 36 (11.32%) AWS
3 30 (9.43%) GCP
4 4 (1.26%) GitHub
4 4 (1.26%) Power Platform
5 3 (0.94%) Amazon SQS
5 3 (0.94%) AWS Lambda
5 3 (0.94%) NuGet
5 3 (0.94%) SaaS
5 3 (0.94%) Serverless
6 2 (0.63%) Veeva
7 1 (0.31%) Amazon EC2
7 1 (0.31%) Amazon S3
7 1 (0.31%) Dynamics 365
7 1 (0.31%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 6 (1.89%) Internet
1 6 (1.89%) Wireless
2 5 (1.57%) Wi-Fi
3 4 (1.26%) Bluetooth
3 4 (1.26%) NAS
3 4 (1.26%) SNMP
4 2 (0.63%) Network Security
5 1 (0.31%) Cisco ASA
5 1 (0.31%) DVB
5 1 (0.31%) FTP
5 1 (0.31%) MIMO
5 1 (0.31%) RFID
Database & Business Intelligence
1 31 (9.75%) Big Data
2 22 (6.92%) Blockchain
2 22 (6.92%) NoSQL
3 20 (6.29%) MongoDB
4 18 (5.66%) SQL Server
5 17 (5.35%) Hadoop
6 16 (5.03%) PostgreSQL
7 13 (4.09%) Amazon Redshift
7 13 (4.09%) Tableau
8 12 (3.77%) Apache Hive
8 12 (3.77%) QlikView
9 8 (2.52%) Relational Database
10 5 (1.57%) Data Mining
10 5 (1.57%) MySQL
11 4 (1.26%) BigQuery
11 4 (1.26%) Data Warehouse
11 4 (1.26%) Power BI
12 3 (0.94%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 3 (0.94%) Amazon RDS
12 3 (0.94%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 55 (17.30%) Git (software)
2 14 (4.40%) Jenkins
3 11 (3.46%) TeamCity
4 8 (2.52%) GCC
4 8 (2.52%) Subversion
4 8 (2.52%) Travis CI
5 7 (2.20%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 6 (1.89%) IntelliJ
6 6 (1.89%) JUnit
6 6 (1.89%) Mockito
7 5 (1.57%) GitLab
8 3 (0.94%) Gradle
9 2 (0.63%) Octopus Deploy
9 2 (0.63%) Sonatype Nexus
9 2 (0.63%) Visual Studio
10 1 (0.31%) Eclipse
10 1 (0.31%) GoCD
10 1 (0.31%) PyCharm
10 1 (0.31%) RStudio
10 1 (0.31%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 94 (29.56%) Finance
2 30 (9.43%) Banking
3 12 (3.77%) Advertising
3 12 (3.77%) Games
3 12 (3.77%) Law
4 10 (3.14%) Front Office
5 9 (2.83%) Electronics
6 7 (2.20%) Aerospace
6 7 (2.20%) Manufacturing
7 5 (1.57%) Marketing
8 4 (1.26%) Dutch Language
8 4 (1.26%) French Language
8 4 (1.26%) German Language
8 4 (1.26%) Polish Language
9 3 (0.94%) Retail
10 2 (0.63%) Military
11 1 (0.31%) Automotive
11 1 (0.31%) Financial Institution
11 1 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
11 1 (0.31%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 63 (19.81%) Data Scientist
2 59 (18.55%) Developer
3 42 (13.21%) Software Engineer
4 30 (9.43%) Analyst
4 30 (9.43%) Machine Learning Engineer
5 23 (7.23%) Senior Data Scientist
6 22 (6.92%) Qualitative Analyst
6 22 (6.92%) Quantitative Analyst
7 21 (6.60%) Data Engineer
8 20 (6.29%) C++ Software Engineer
9 19 (5.97%) Senior Developer
10 17 (5.35%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 17 (5.35%) Quantitative Developer
11 16 (5.03%) .NET Developer
12 15 (4.72%) Analyst Developer
12 15 (4.72%) Quantitative Analyst Developer
13 12 (3.77%) Architect
14 11 (3.46%) Python Engineer
14 11 (3.46%) Senior Software Engineer
15 9 (2.83%) Graduate
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 58 (18.24%) TensorFlow
2 33 (10.38%) PyTorch
3 28 (8.81%) .NET
4 24 (7.55%) Keras
4 24 (7.55%) scikit-learn
5 23 (7.23%) Natural Language Processing
6 21 (6.60%) REST
7 16 (5.03%) OpenGL
8 14 (4.40%) Web Services
9 13 (4.09%) Pandas
9 13 (4.09%) Qt
10 12 (3.77%) Boost C++ Libraries
10 12 (3.77%) MFC
10 12 (3.77%) NumPy
10 12 (3.77%) WinForms
11 10 (3.14%) Kafka
11 10 (3.14%) Spring Boot
12 8 (2.52%) Akka.NET
12 8 (2.52%) Torch
12 8 (2.52%) Vulkan
Miscellaneous
1 101 (31.76%) Algorithms
2 27 (8.49%) Analytical Skills
3 23 (7.23%) Greenfield Project
4 14 (4.40%) Market Risk
5 13 (4.09%) CUDA
5 13 (4.09%) Equities
5 13 (4.09%) Management Information System
6 12 (3.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 11 (3.46%) Enterprise Software
7 11 (3.46%) User Experience
8 10 (3.14%) Derivative
8 10 (3.14%) Exotic Derivative
9 9 (2.83%) Self-Motivation
10 8 (2.52%) Blog
10 8 (2.52%) Data Structures
10 8 (2.52%) Renewable Energy
10 8 (2.52%) Robotics
10 8 (2.52%) Swaptions
11 6 (1.89%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
11 6 (1.89%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 26 (8.18%) Linux
2 15 (4.72%) Windows
3 6 (1.89%) Android
4 4 (1.26%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 132 (41.51%) Machine Learning
2 128 (40.25%) Mathematics
3 100 (31.45%) Computer Science
4 98 (30.82%) Data Science
5 80 (25.16%) Artificial Intelligence
6 68 (21.38%) Deep Learning
7 65 (20.44%) Agile Software Development
8 64 (20.13%) Physics
9 57 (17.92%) Software Engineering
10 48 (15.09%) Statistics
11 39 (12.26%) DevOps
12 37 (11.64%) Analytics
13 32 (10.06%) Visualisation
14 28 (8.81%) Data Visualisation
15 27 (8.49%) Statistical Analysis
16 26 (8.18%) Problem-Solving
17 25 (7.86%) Computer Vision
18 23 (7.23%) Microservices
19 21 (6.60%) Stochastic Calculus
20 18 (5.66%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 176 (55.35%) Python
2 95 (29.87%) C++
3 82 (25.79%) SQL
4 58 (18.24%) Java
5 47 (14.78%) C
6 40 (12.58%) C#
7 38 (11.95%) R
8 26 (8.18%) MATLAB
9 21 (6.60%) Scala
10 18 (5.66%) JavaScript
11 9 (2.83%) F#
12 8 (2.52%) Bash Shell
13 6 (1.89%) Go
14 5 (1.57%) Julia
15 4 (1.26%) Assembly Language
15 4 (1.26%) PHP
16 3 (0.94%) Java 8
16 3 (0.94%) Ruby
17 2 (0.63%) Rust
17 2 (0.63%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 116 (36.48%) Degree
2 38 (11.95%) Master's Degree
3 23 (7.23%) Computer Science Degree
4 9 (2.83%) Numerate Degree
5 6 (1.89%) Security Cleared
6 4 (1.26%) CFA
7 3 (0.94%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.63%) MPhil
9 1 (0.31%) HND
9 1 (0.31%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (3.46%) MiFID
2 10 (3.14%) Dodd-Frank
2 10 (3.14%) EMIR
3 4 (1.26%) QA
4 2 (0.63%) DICOM
5 1 (0.31%) COBIT
5 1 (0.31%) ISO 13485
5 1 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.31%) PMO
System Software
1 34 (10.69%) Docker
2 3 (0.94%) Firmware
3 2 (0.63%) VirtualBox
3 2 (0.63%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.31%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 22 (6.92%) Kubernetes
2 8 (2.52%) Istio
3 7 (2.20%) Ansible
4 4 (1.26%) Terraform
5 2 (0.63%) Nagios
5 2 (0.63%) Opscode Chef
5 2 (0.63%) Puppet
5 2 (0.63%) Single Sign-On
5 2 (0.63%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 10 (3.14%) Google
1 10 (3.14%) Oracle
2 6 (1.89%) Autodesk
3 5 (1.57%) IBM
3 5 (1.57%) SAP
4 3 (0.94%) Cadence
4 3 (0.94%) Databricks
5 2 (0.63%) Salesforce.com
5 2 (0.63%) Siebel
5 2 (0.63%) Sonatype
5 2 (0.63%) VMware
6 1 (0.31%) CheckPoint
6 1 (0.31%) Cisco
6 1 (0.31%) Intel
6 1 (0.31%) NVIDIA
6 1 (0.31%) Palo Alto
6 1 (0.31%) Pega
6 1 (0.31%) Perforce
6 1 (0.31%) Samsung
6 1 (0.31%) Sybase