Period
to 22 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 22 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

PhD
UK > England
6 months to
22 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 375 436 547
Rank change year-on-year +61 +111 +14
Permanent jobs citing PhD 1405 1233 985
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.83% 0.69% 0.49%
As % of the Qualifications category 3.47% 2.63% 1.78%
Number of salaries quoted 1214 1135 902
England median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +7.53%
10th Percentile £30,000 £30,000 £27,750
90th Percentile £92,500 £100,000 £97,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +7.53%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 40542 46966 55485
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 23.96% 26.16% 27.34%
Number of salaries quoted 31388 37952 44536
England median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - -
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,250 £26,000
90th Percentile £77,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +1.12%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in England

PhD
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PhD in England.

Salary trend for PhD in England

PhD
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Salary histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the England region over the 6 months to 22 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -74 559 £70,000 +12.00% 73
East of England +143 400 £45,000 +25.00% 59
South East +79 231 £47,500 - 23
South West +37 92 £55,000 +10.00% 8
Midlands +45 73 £35,000 -9.68% 4
North of England -34 55 £55,000 +37.50% 6
North West -47 41 £55,000 +37.50% 3
West Midlands +21 40 £40,000 +6.67% 2
East Midlands +29 33 £32,500 -9.72% 2
Yorkshire +18 11 £51,250 +36.67% 1
North East +9 3 £40,000 -5.88% 2
PhD
UK

For the 6 months to 22 November 2017, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the England region with a requirement for PhD.

1 838 (59.64%) Python
2 729 (51.89%) Machine Learning
3 668 (47.54%) Mathematics
4 609 (43.35%) Computer Science
5 585 (41.64%) Algorithms
6 581 (41.35%) C++
7 560 (39.86%) Degree
8 458 (32.60%) Java
9 422 (30.04%) Software Engineering
10 415 (29.54%) Physics
11 325 (23.13%) R
12 310 (22.06%) Finance
13 277 (19.72%) SQL
14 274 (19.50%) Artificial Intelligence
15 253 (18.01%) Statistics
15 253 (18.01%) Big Data
16 246 (17.51%) MATLAB
17 245 (17.44%) Analytics
18 228 (16.23%) Deep Learning
19 220 (15.66%) C#
20 210 (14.95%) Agile Software Development
21 209 (14.88%) C
22 196 (13.95%) Linux
23 167 (11.89%) Natural Language Processing
24 152 (10.82%) Apache Spark
25 151 (10.75%) JavaScript
26 147 (10.46%) Analytical Skills
27 146 (10.39%) Neural Network
28 138 (9.82%) Data Analysis
29 137 (9.75%) TensorFlow

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 152 (10.82%) Apache Spark
2 55 (3.91%) SAS
3 18 (1.28%) Apache
3 18 (1.28%) Elasticsearch
4 16 (1.14%) Apache Pig
5 15 (1.07%) DNN
6 10 (0.71%) Skype for Business
7 9 (0.64%) JBoss
7 9 (0.64%) Tomcat
8 8 (0.57%) Ethereum
8 8 (0.57%) Hyperledger
9 7 (0.50%) Apache Solr
10 6 (0.43%) OpenStack
11 5 (0.36%) Confluence
12 4 (0.28%) Luigi
12 4 (0.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 4 (0.28%) WebSphere
12 4 (0.28%) WebSphere Application Server
13 3 (0.21%) Jupyter
14 2 (0.14%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 33 (2.35%) SPSS
2 21 (1.49%) Microsoft Excel
3 16 (1.14%) Microsoft Office
4 13 (0.93%) Stata
5 9 (0.64%) Mathematica
6 6 (0.43%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 6 (0.43%) Zemax
7 5 (0.36%) GNU Octave
8 4 (0.28%) Maple
8 4 (0.28%) Photoshop
8 4 (0.28%) SOLIDWORKS
8 4 (0.28%) S-PLUS
9 3 (0.21%) Simulink
10 2 (0.14%) Abaqus
10 2 (0.14%) Chatbot
10 2 (0.14%) LaTeX
10 2 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
10 2 (0.14%) Weka
11 1 (0.071%) OrCAD
11 1 (0.071%) Siemens NX
Business Applications
1 1 (0.071%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 119 (8.47%) Amazon AWS
2 64 (4.56%) Microsoft Azure
3 50 (3.56%) GitHub
4 31 (2.21%) Cloud Computing
4 31 (2.21%) SaaS
5 16 (1.14%) Google Cloud Platform
6 11 (0.78%) G Suite
7 9 (0.64%) Azure Machine Learning
8 6 (0.43%) Google Compute Engine
9 5 (0.36%) OpenShift
10 3 (0.21%) Google Analytics
11 2 (0.14%) Amazon EC2
11 2 (0.14%) Amazon S3
12 1 (0.071%) Amazon EMR
12 1 (0.071%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
12 1 (0.071%) Heroku
12 1 (0.071%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 26 (1.85%) TCP/IP
2 15 (1.07%) Ethernet
3 12 (0.85%) SAN
4 11 (0.78%) ADSL
4 11 (0.78%) Cisco ASA
4 11 (0.78%) DHCP
4 11 (0.78%) DNS
4 11 (0.78%) DSL
4 11 (0.78%) Firewall
4 11 (0.78%) LAN
4 11 (0.78%) VoIP
4 11 (0.78%) VPN
5 10 (0.71%) Internet
5 10 (0.71%) Network Security
6 6 (0.43%) InfiniBand
7 3 (0.21%) 5G
8 2 (0.14%) 4G
8 2 (0.14%) HTTP
8 2 (0.14%) LTE
8 2 (0.14%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 253 (18.01%) Big Data
2 125 (8.90%) Hadoop
3 106 (7.54%) NoSQL
4 105 (7.47%) Data Mining
5 46 (3.27%) MongoDB
6 37 (2.63%) Apache Hive
7 36 (2.56%) Relational Database
8 32 (2.28%) SQL Server
9 26 (1.85%) Apache Cassandra
10 23 (1.64%) Data Warehouse
11 21 (1.49%) RDBMS
12 20 (1.42%) Blockchain
12 20 (1.42%) PostgreSQL
13 12 (0.85%) Flink
13 12 (0.85%) Text Mining
14 10 (0.71%) Amazon Redshift
14 10 (0.71%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 9 (0.64%) Neo4j
16 8 (0.57%) HBase
16 8 (0.57%) Redis
Development Applications
1 116 (8.26%) Git (software)
2 43 (3.06%) LabVIEW
3 42 (2.99%) Visual Studio
4 32 (2.28%) Jenkins
5 20 (1.42%) Mercurial
6 19 (1.35%) JUnit
7 18 (1.28%) Subversion
8 7 (0.50%) gulp
8 7 (0.50%) Maven
9 5 (0.36%) Ant
9 5 (0.36%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 5 (0.36%) Bower
9 5 (0.36%) Grunt
9 5 (0.36%) Travis CI
10 4 (0.28%) Axure RP
10 4 (0.28%) JIRA
10 4 (0.28%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
11 3 (0.21%) Gradle
12 2 (0.14%) Bitbucket
13 1 (0.071%) GitLab
General
1 310 (22.06%) Finance
2 116 (8.26%) Electronics
3 102 (7.26%) Marketing
4 95 (6.76%) Telecoms
5 73 (5.20%) Banking
6 70 (4.98%) Games
7 50 (3.56%) Manufacturing
8 34 (2.42%) Front Office
8 34 (2.42%) Retail
9 31 (2.21%) Financial Institution
10 23 (1.64%) Investment Banking
11 17 (1.21%) Publishing
12 11 (0.78%) Pharmaceutical
13 10 (0.71%) Automotive
14 9 (0.64%) Advertising
14 9 (0.64%) Legal
14 9 (0.64%) Retail Banking
15 4 (0.28%) Back Office
15 4 (0.28%) International Banking
16 3 (0.21%) Military
Job Titles
1 342 (24.34%) Data Scientist
2 301 (21.42%) Developer
3 246 (17.51%) Software Engineer
4 114 (8.11%) C++ Software Engineer
5 107 (7.62%) Graduate
6 87 (6.19%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 79 (5.62%) Machine Learning Researcher
7 79 (5.62%) Machine Learning Scientist
8 76 (5.41%) C++ Developer
8 76 (5.41%) Software Developer
9 75 (5.34%) Analyst
10 66 (4.70%) Research Engineer
11 60 (4.27%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 60 (4.27%) Python Developer
12 53 (3.77%) Senior Data Scientist
13 52 (3.70%) Graduate Developer
14 45 (3.20%) Java Developer
14 45 (3.20%) Senior Developer
15 37 (2.63%) C++ Software Developer
15 37 (2.63%) Computer Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 167 (11.89%) Natural Language Processing
2 137 (9.75%) TensorFlow
3 88 (6.26%) HTML
4 87 (6.19%) CSS
5 74 (5.27%) .NET
6 59 (4.20%) OpenGL
7 54 (3.84%) Qt
8 51 (3.63%) Node.js
9 50 (3.56%) HTML5
9 50 (3.56%) MFC
10 47 (3.35%) scikit-learn
11 46 (3.27%) Web Services
12 45 (3.20%) Theano
13 43 (3.06%) CSS3
14 40 (2.85%) RESTful
14 40 (2.85%) WinForms
15 39 (2.78%) AngularJS
16 38 (2.70%) NumPy
17 37 (2.63%) D3.js
17 37 (2.63%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 609 (43.35%) Computer Science
2 585 (41.64%) Algorithms
3 147 (10.46%) Analytical Skills
4 59 (4.20%) Fintech
5 46 (3.27%) Greenfield Project
6 45 (3.20%) Mobile App
7 43 (3.06%) Hedge funds
8 40 (2.85%) Acoustics
8 40 (2.85%) CUDA
8 40 (2.85%) Smart City
9 36 (2.56%) User Experience
10 31 (2.21%) Robotics
11 29 (2.06%) Data Structures
12 28 (1.99%) Java Card
13 21 (1.49%) Enterprise Software
13 21 (1.49%) Fixed Income
13 21 (1.49%) Social Media
14 19 (1.35%) Augmented Reality
15 17 (1.21%) Derivative
16 16 (1.14%) Optoelectronics
Operating Systems
1 196 (13.95%) Linux
2 103 (7.33%) Windows
3 40 (2.85%) Unix
4 19 (1.35%) Embedded Linux
5 13 (0.93%) Windows 10
5 13 (0.93%) Windows Server
6 11 (0.78%) Windows Server 2003
6 11 (0.78%) Windows XP
7 10 (0.71%) Android
8 4 (0.28%) Apple iOS
8 4 (0.28%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
9 3 (0.21%) Ubuntu
10 2 (0.14%) CentOS
10 2 (0.14%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 729 (51.89%) Machine Learning
2 668 (47.54%) Mathematics
3 422 (30.04%) Software Engineering
4 415 (29.54%) Physics
5 274 (19.50%) Artificial Intelligence
6 253 (18.01%) Statistics
7 245 (17.44%) Analytics
8 228 (16.23%) Deep Learning
9 210 (14.95%) Agile Software Development
10 146 (10.39%) Neural Network
11 138 (9.82%) Data Analysis
12 114 (8.11%) Computer Vision
13 110 (7.83%) Multithreading
14 109 (7.76%) OO
15 106 (7.54%) Bayesian Methods
16 80 (5.69%) Business Intelligence
17 78 (5.55%) Visualisation
18 75 (5.34%) Economics
19 74 (5.27%) Reinforcement Learning
20 73 (5.20%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 838 (59.64%) Python
2 581 (41.35%) C++
3 458 (32.60%) Java
4 325 (23.13%) R
5 277 (19.72%) SQL
6 246 (17.51%) MATLAB
7 220 (15.66%) C#
8 209 (14.88%) C
9 151 (10.75%) JavaScript
10 127 (9.04%) Scala
11 76 (5.41%) Julia
12 53 (3.77%) Ruby
13 33 (2.35%) Shell Script
14 26 (1.85%) Fortran
15 25 (1.78%) Perl
16 24 (1.71%) PHP
17 23 (1.64%) F#
18 21 (1.49%) Haskell
18 21 (1.49%) VBA
19 19 (1.35%) Go
Qualifications
1 560 (39.86%) Degree
2 80 (5.69%) Computer Science Degree
3 74 (5.27%) Master's Degree
4 44 (3.13%) Numerate Degree
5 24 (1.71%) Security Cleared
6 16 (1.14%) Postgraduate
7 11 (0.78%) SC Cleared
8 10 (0.71%) DV Cleared
9 5 (0.36%) PMI Certification
10 4 (0.28%) HND
11 3 (0.21%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 3 (0.21%) CFA
11 3 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
11 3 (0.21%) GIAC
12 2 (0.14%) MBA
13 1 (0.071%) CIMA
13 1 (0.071%) OSCP
13 1 (0.071%) PMP
13 1 (0.071%) RHCSA
13 1 (0.071%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (1.64%) QA
2 14 (1.00%) Data Quality
3 5 (0.36%) Actionable Recommendations
4 2 (0.14%) Dodd-Frank
4 2 (0.14%) EMIR
4 2 (0.14%) IFRS
4 2 (0.14%) IFRS 9
4 2 (0.14%) MiFID
5 1 (0.071%) ECSS
5 1 (0.071%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 25 (1.78%) Docker
2 11 (0.78%) Active Directory
3 10 (0.71%) XenServer
4 6 (0.43%) Ceph
4 6 (0.43%) GPFS
4 6 (0.43%) Slurm Workload Manager
5 4 (0.28%) Firmware
6 3 (0.21%) HDFS
7 2 (0.14%) Apache Flume
7 2 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 18 (1.28%) Ansible
2 13 (0.93%) Kubernetes
3 11 (0.78%) Backup Exec
4 10 (0.71%) XenMobile
5 7 (0.50%) Opscode Chef
5 7 (0.50%) Puppet
6 6 (0.43%) Grafana
6 6 (0.43%) Icinga
7 3 (0.21%) Hadoop YARN
8 1 (0.071%) Ambari
8 1 (0.071%) Docker Swarm
8 1 (0.071%) Ganglia
8 1 (0.071%) Nagios
8 1 (0.071%) Oozie
8 1 (0.071%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 57 (4.06%) Google
2 46 (3.27%) Microsoft
3 35 (2.49%) SAP
4 23 (1.64%) Tableau
5 19 (1.35%) Oracle
6 18 (1.28%) Twitter
7 11 (0.78%) Cisco
7 11 (0.78%) HP
7 11 (0.78%) Palo Alto
7 11 (0.78%) Veeam
8 10 (0.71%) Citrix
9 8 (0.57%) Facebook
9 8 (0.57%) IBM
9 8 (0.57%) Intel
10 7 (0.50%) Bloomberg
11 6 (0.43%) SaltStack
11 6 (0.43%) Teradata
12 5 (0.36%) webMethods
13 4 (0.28%) ANSYS
14 3 (0.21%) Cloudera