Period
to 6 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 6 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK > England
6 months to
6 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 441 451 331
Rank change year-on-year +10 -120 +19
Permanent jobs citing PhD 409 864 1,689
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.56% 0.63% 1.01%
As % of the Qualifications category 2.56% 2.58% 4.25%
Number of salaries quoted 302 685 1,463
Median annual salary £67,250 £62,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.60% +13.64% +4.76%
10th Percentile £37,625 £32,500 £30,000
90th Percentile £110,000 £97,500 £100,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% +4.76%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 15,947 33,506 39,777
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 21.88% 24.59% 23.81%
Number of salaries quoted 11,688 24,269 30,003
Median annual salary £52,635 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.27% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £30,000 £26,750 £26,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in England

PhD
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing PhD in England.

Salary trend for PhD in England

PhD
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 6 July 2020.

Salary histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the England region over the 6 months to 6 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +26 240 £75,000 +7.14% 53
East of England +46 53 £55,000 -12.00% 21
South East +25 52 £60,000 +41.18% 22
North of England +114 32 £42,500 -24.44% 6
Midlands +102 22 £57,500 +27.78% 4
North West +68 12 £40,000 -17.95% 3
Yorkshire +105 11 £45,000 -25.00% 3
West Midlands +84 11 £57,500 +35.29% 1
East Midlands +74 11 £50,000 -20.00% 3
North East +38 9 £31,880 +11.18%
South West +87 8 £60,000 - 5
PhD
UK

For the 6 months to 6 July 2020, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for PhD.

1 261 (63.81%) Python
2 193 (47.19%) Data Science
3 182 (44.50%) Mathematics
4 180 (44.01%) Machine Learning
5 157 (38.39%) Computer Science
6 134 (32.76%) Algorithms
7 123 (30.07%) C++
8 116 (28.36%) Degree
9 110 (26.89%) Analytics
10 101 (24.69%) Finance
11 98 (23.96%) Artificial Intelligence
12 85 (20.78%) Agile Software Development
13 83 (20.29%) Statistics
14 80 (19.56%) SQL
15 74 (18.09%) Physics
15 74 (18.09%) Software Engineering
16 64 (15.65%) Deep Learning
17 63 (15.40%) R
18 62 (15.16%) Java
19 58 (14.18%) Data Analysis
20 54 (13.20%) Azure
20 54 (13.20%) Analytical Skills
20 54 (13.20%) Problem-Solving
21 52 (12.71%) Big Data
22 51 (12.47%) TensorFlow
23 47 (11.49%) AWS
24 45 (11.00%) Visualisation
25 44 (10.76%) Natural Language Processing
26 42 (10.27%) SDLC
27 41 (10.02%) Pharmaceutical

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (7.09%) Apache Spark
2 18 (4.40%) CMS
3 13 (3.18%) Jupyter
4 4 (0.98%) Apache Airflow
5 3 (0.73%) Apache
5 3 (0.73%) SAS
6 2 (0.49%) JBoss
7 1 (0.24%) Apache Solr
7 1 (0.24%) Pachyderm
Applications
1 7 (1.71%) S-PLUS
2 3 (0.73%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.49%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.24%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.24%) Stata
Business Applications
1 2 (0.49%) SAP S/4HANA
2 1 (0.24%) SAP MDG
Cloud Services
1 54 (13.20%) Azure
2 47 (11.49%) AWS
3 36 (8.80%) GCP
4 27 (6.60%) PaaS
5 13 (3.18%) Power Platform
6 8 (1.96%) Cloud Computing
7 2 (0.49%) Amazon EC2
7 2 (0.49%) Amazon EMR
7 2 (0.49%) Amazon S3
7 2 (0.49%) Amazon SageMaker
7 2 (0.49%) AWS Data Pipeline
7 2 (0.49%) Google Sheets
7 2 (0.49%) Slack
8 1 (0.24%) AWS CodeDeploy
8 1 (0.24%) G Suite
8 1 (0.24%) Google App Engine
8 1 (0.24%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 11 (2.69%) Internet
2 2 (0.49%) DNS
2 2 (0.49%) Modbus
3 1 (0.24%) Broadband
3 1 (0.24%) NAS
3 1 (0.24%) Network Security
3 1 (0.24%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 52 (12.71%) Big Data
2 24 (5.87%) Hadoop
2 24 (5.87%) Relational Database
3 17 (4.16%) Blockchain
4 16 (3.91%) PostgreSQL
5 14 (3.42%) SQL Server
6 13 (3.18%) Power BI
7 12 (2.93%) BigQuery
7 12 (2.93%) Data Mining
7 12 (2.93%) NoSQL
8 11 (2.69%) Apache Hive
9 10 (2.44%) Amazon Redshift
10 9 (2.20%) Data Warehouse
11 8 (1.96%) MongoDB
12 7 (1.71%) QlikView
12 7 (1.71%) RDBMS
13 5 (1.22%) KDB
13 5 (1.22%) Kdb+
14 4 (0.98%) MySQL
15 3 (0.73%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 33 (8.07%) Git (software)
2 12 (2.93%) Subversion
3 10 (2.44%) Jenkins
4 7 (1.71%) Travis CI
5 6 (1.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 4 (0.98%) GitLab
6 4 (0.98%) LabVIEW
6 4 (0.98%) Visual Studio
7 3 (0.73%) Eclipse
7 3 (0.73%) Mercurial
7 3 (0.73%) Metasploit
7 3 (0.73%) PyCharm
7 3 (0.73%) RStudio
7 3 (0.73%) Snyk
7 3 (0.73%) SonarQube
7 3 (0.73%) Visual Studio Code
8 2 (0.49%) MLflow
9 1 (0.24%) GoCD
9 1 (0.24%) gulp
9 1 (0.24%) webpack
General
1 101 (24.69%) Finance
2 41 (10.02%) Pharmaceutical
3 20 (4.89%) Banking
3 20 (4.89%) Front Office
4 19 (4.65%) Marketing
5 15 (3.67%) Games
6 13 (3.18%) Electronics
7 12 (2.93%) Retail
8 10 (2.44%) Advertising
9 8 (1.96%) Law
10 7 (1.71%) Manufacturing
11 5 (1.22%) Automotive
12 4 (0.98%) Telecoms
13 3 (0.73%) Financial Institution
14 2 (0.49%) German Language
14 2 (0.49%) Military
14 2 (0.49%) Publishing
15 1 (0.24%) Aerospace
15 1 (0.24%) Legal
15 1 (0.24%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 97 (23.72%) Data Scientist
2 49 (11.98%) Analyst
2 49 (11.98%) Architect
3 48 (11.74%) Senior Data Scientist
4 45 (11.00%) Developer
4 45 (11.00%) Software Engineer
5 37 (9.05%) Qualitative Analyst
5 37 (9.05%) Quantitative Analyst
6 31 (7.58%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 27 (6.60%) Software Architect
8 20 (4.89%) Quantitative Developer
9 19 (4.65%) Data Engineer
10 18 (4.40%) Analyst Developer
10 18 (4.40%) Machine Learning Scientist
11 17 (4.16%) Quantitative Analyst Developer
12 16 (3.91%) C++ Software Engineer
13 14 (3.42%) Python Engineer
14 12 (2.93%) C++ Developer
14 12 (2.93%) Senior Software Engineer
15 9 (2.20%) Risk Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 51 (12.47%) TensorFlow
2 44 (10.76%) Natural Language Processing
3 33 (8.07%) PyTorch
4 32 (7.82%) scikit-learn
5 29 (7.09%) Keras
6 28 (6.85%) Pandas
7 25 (6.11%) NumPy
8 16 (3.91%) .NET
9 14 (3.42%) OpenCL
9 14 (3.42%) OpenGL ES
9 14 (3.42%) Vulkan
10 13 (3.18%) Qt
11 10 (2.44%) HTML
12 8 (1.96%) Boost C++ Libraries
12 8 (1.96%) MFC
12 8 (1.96%) Node.js
12 8 (1.96%) OpenGL
12 8 (1.96%) REST
12 8 (1.96%) Web Services
12 8 (1.96%) WinForms
Miscellaneous
1 134 (32.76%) Algorithms
2 54 (13.20%) Analytical Skills
3 25 (6.11%) Derivative
4 20 (4.89%) Market Risk
4 20 (4.89%) Robotics
5 18 (4.40%) Swaptions
6 17 (4.16%) Self-Motivation
7 15 (3.67%) Greenfield Project
8 12 (2.93%) CUDA
8 12 (2.93%) Hedge funds
9 11 (2.69%) Management Information System
10 10 (2.44%) Internet of Things
11 9 (2.20%) Credit Risk
11 9 (2.20%) User Experience
12 8 (1.96%) Equities
12 8 (1.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 7 (1.71%) Renewable Energy
14 6 (1.47%) PKI
15 5 (1.22%) Exotic Derivative
15 5 (1.22%) PMI
Operating Systems
1 22 (5.38%) Linux
2 8 (1.96%) Windows
3 5 (1.22%) Embedded Linux
3 5 (1.22%) VMS
4 3 (0.73%) Kali Linux
4 3 (0.73%) Robot Operating System
4 3 (0.73%) Unix
5 2 (0.49%) Debian
5 2 (0.49%) Fedora
5 2 (0.49%) Ubuntu
6 1 (0.24%) Android
6 1 (0.24%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 193 (47.19%) Data Science
2 182 (44.50%) Mathematics
3 180 (44.01%) Machine Learning
4 157 (38.39%) Computer Science
5 110 (26.89%) Analytics
6 98 (23.96%) Artificial Intelligence
7 85 (20.78%) Agile Software Development
8 83 (20.29%) Statistics
9 74 (18.09%) Physics
9 74 (18.09%) Software Engineering
10 64 (15.65%) Deep Learning
11 58 (14.18%) Data Analysis
12 54 (13.20%) Problem-Solving
13 45 (11.00%) Visualisation
14 42 (10.27%) SDLC
15 34 (8.31%) Data Analytics
16 33 (8.07%) Threat Modelling
17 31 (7.58%) Stochastic Calculus
18 28 (6.85%) Innovative Thinking
18 28 (6.85%) Software Architecture
Programming Languages
1 261 (63.81%) Python
2 123 (30.07%) C++
3 80 (19.56%) SQL
4 63 (15.40%) R
5 62 (15.16%) Java
6 39 (9.54%) C
7 30 (7.33%) C#
8 29 (7.09%) Scala
9 27 (6.60%) MATLAB
10 19 (4.65%) Go
10 19 (4.65%) JavaScript
11 11 (2.69%) Assembly Language
12 9 (2.20%) Julia
13 7 (1.71%) TypeScript
14 6 (1.47%) Rust
15 5 (1.22%) Bash Shell
16 4 (0.98%) PHP
17 2 (0.49%) Perl
17 2 (0.49%) Shell Script
17 2 (0.49%) VBA
Qualifications
1 116 (28.36%) Degree
2 34 (8.31%) Master's Degree
3 18 (4.40%) Computer Science Degree
4 10 (2.44%) Numerate Degree
5 5 (1.22%) PMI Certification
5 5 (1.22%) Security Cleared
6 4 (0.98%) CISSP
6 4 (0.98%) MBA
7 3 (0.73%) (ISC)2 CCSP
7 3 (0.73%) CEH
7 3 (0.73%) Cisco Certification
7 3 (0.73%) CSSLP
7 3 (0.73%) GWAPT
7 3 (0.73%) ISSAP
7 3 (0.73%) ISSEP
7 3 (0.73%) Postgraduate
8 2 (0.49%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.24%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.24%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.24%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (1.47%) MiFID
2 5 (1.22%) COBIT
2 5 (1.22%) Dodd-Frank
2 5 (1.22%) EMIR
2 5 (1.22%) NIST
3 4 (0.98%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 3 (0.73%) QA
5 2 (0.49%) Basel II
5 2 (0.49%) Basel III
6 1 (0.24%) Actionable Recommendations
6 1 (0.24%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.24%) ISO 13485
6 1 (0.24%) PMO
System Software
1 24 (5.87%) Docker
2 7 (1.71%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 25 (6.11%) Kubernetes
2 10 (2.44%) Terraform
3 6 (1.47%) Istio
4 3 (0.73%) Nessus
4 3 (0.73%) Nmap
4 3 (0.73%) Sysdig
5 1 (0.24%) Ansible
Vendors
1 18 (4.40%) Tableau
2 14 (3.42%) Oracle
3 13 (3.18%) Google
4 7 (1.71%) Alteryx
5 6 (1.47%) Autodesk
6 5 (1.22%) Microsoft
6 5 (1.22%) Sybase
7 4 (0.98%) Yahoo!
8 3 (0.73%) Databricks
8 3 (0.73%) Perforce
8 3 (0.73%) Qualys
8 3 (0.73%) Teradata
9 2 (0.49%) Foundry
9 2 (0.49%) MicroStrategy
9 2 (0.49%) Palantir
9 2 (0.49%) Salesforce.com
9 2 (0.49%) Samsung
9 2 (0.49%) SAP
10 1 (0.24%) Cadence
10 1 (0.24%) Intel