Period
to 24 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 24 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK > England
6 months to
24 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 431 310 334
Rank change year-on-year -121 +24 +108
Permanent jobs citing PhD 928 1,699 1,532
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.69% 1.05% 0.96%
As % of the Qualifications category 2.78% 4.44% 3.85%
Number of salaries quoted 688 1,433 1,319
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% - +3.77%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £28,654
90th Percentile £100,000 £100,000 £115,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 33,393 38,280 39,826
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 24.84% 23.71% 24.96%
Number of salaries quoted 23,967 29,130 31,452
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +11.11% -4.26%
10th Percentile £26,750 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.04% +8.89% -1.10%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in England

PhD
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PhD in England.

Salary trend for PhD in England

PhD
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 24 May 2019.

Salary histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the England region over the 6 months to 24 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -63 465 £70,000 - 34
South East -56 193 £45,000 -10.00% 22
East of England -83 124 £62,500 +78.57% 38
North of England +60 76 £53,750 +7.50% 4
North West +38 49 £45,000 -10.00% 1
Midlands -2 36 £45,000 -18.18% 3
South West -16 33 £60,000 +9.09% 3
West Midlands -19 33 £45,000 -18.18% 2
Yorkshire +9 21 £60,000 +50.00%
North East +23 6 £28,673 -57.52% 3
East Midlands +38 3 £62,500 +56.25% 1
PhD
UK

For the 6 months to 24 May 2019, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for PhD.

1 642 (69.18%) Python
2 540 (58.19%) Mathematics
3 505 (54.42%) Machine Learning
4 439 (47.31%) Data Science
5 391 (42.13%) C++
6 365 (39.33%) Algorithms
7 359 (38.69%) Computer Science
8 346 (37.28%) Degree
9 345 (37.18%) Java
10 302 (32.54%) R
11 292 (31.47%) Software Engineering
12 275 (29.63%) Analytics
13 273 (29.42%) Artificial Intelligence
14 261 (28.13%) MATLAB
15 252 (27.16%) Physics
16 218 (23.49%) Deep Learning
17 203 (21.88%) Data Analysis
18 197 (21.23%) Finance
18 197 (21.23%) C#
19 190 (20.47%) Statistics
20 161 (17.35%) Agile Software Development
21 159 (17.13%) SQL
22 155 (16.70%) Problem-Solving
23 152 (16.38%) Big Data
24 145 (15.63%) Analytical Skills
25 131 (14.12%) C
26 129 (13.90%) Natural Language Processing
27 116 (12.50%) Visualisation
27 116 (12.50%) TensorFlow
28 108 (11.64%) JavaScript

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 81 (8.73%) Apache Spark
2 39 (4.20%) SAS
3 16 (1.72%) Apache
4 14 (1.51%) Elasticsearch
5 10 (1.08%) Apache Pig
6 8 (0.86%) Ethereum
7 6 (0.65%) ArcGIS
7 6 (0.65%) GeoServer
7 6 (0.65%) nginx
8 5 (0.54%) DNN
8 5 (0.54%) Jupyter
9 3 (0.32%) OpenStack
10 1 (0.11%) Apache Solr
10 1 (0.11%) Exchange Server 2007
10 1 (0.11%) Luigi
10 1 (0.11%) MS Exchange
10 1 (0.11%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 19 (2.05%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (1.83%) GNU Octave
3 5 (0.54%) Chatbot
3 5 (0.54%) SPSS
3 5 (0.54%) Stata
4 3 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.32%) Simulink
4 3 (0.32%) S-PLUS
5 2 (0.22%) CPLEX
5 2 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.11%) Abaqus
6 1 (0.11%) Mathematica
6 1 (0.11%) NASTRAN
6 1 (0.11%) Weka
Business Applications
1 30 (3.23%) Summit
2 4 (0.43%) SAP S/4HANA
3 3 (0.32%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 96 (10.34%) Amazon AWS
2 46 (4.96%) GitHub
3 40 (4.31%) Microsoft Azure
4 38 (4.09%) Google Cloud Platform
5 16 (1.72%) Cloud Computing
6 14 (1.51%) Amazon S3
6 14 (1.51%) CloudFront
7 12 (1.29%) OpenShift
8 5 (0.54%) PaaS
9 3 (0.32%) Power Platform
9 3 (0.32%) SaaS
9 3 (0.32%) Slack
10 2 (0.22%) AWS CloudFormation
11 1 (0.11%) Dropbox
11 1 (0.11%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 15 (1.62%) Network Security
2 14 (1.51%) Skype
3 5 (0.54%) 5G
3 5 (0.54%) Radio Access Network
4 4 (0.43%) ATM
4 4 (0.43%) GSM
4 4 (0.43%) LTE
4 4 (0.43%) MIMO
4 4 (0.43%) UMTS
4 4 (0.43%) Wi-Fi
5 2 (0.22%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.11%) Cisco ASA
6 1 (0.11%) DHCP
6 1 (0.11%) DNS
6 1 (0.11%) Firewall
6 1 (0.11%) HTTP
6 1 (0.11%) SAN
6 1 (0.11%) VoIP
6 1 (0.11%) VPN
6 1 (0.11%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 152 (16.38%) Big Data
2 67 (7.22%) Hadoop
3 48 (5.17%) Data Mining
4 34 (3.66%) NoSQL
5 29 (3.13%) PostgreSQL
6 27 (2.91%) Neo4j
7 25 (2.69%) Relational Database
8 18 (1.94%) Apache Hive
9 16 (1.72%) Blockchain
10 14 (1.51%) Hazelcast
11 12 (1.29%) Apache Cassandra
11 12 (1.29%) QlikView
12 11 (1.19%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 11 (1.19%) MySQL
12 11 (1.19%) Redis
13 9 (0.97%) Text Mining
14 8 (0.86%) MongoDB
15 7 (0.75%) Amazon Redshift
15 7 (0.75%) SQL Server
15 7 (0.75%) VoltDB
Development Applications
1 63 (6.79%) Git (software)
2 30 (3.23%) Subversion
3 15 (1.62%) GitLab
4 14 (1.51%) CircleCI
4 14 (1.51%) IntelliJ
5 11 (1.19%) JIRA
6 10 (1.08%) Jenkins
7 6 (0.65%) Visual Studio
8 5 (0.54%) Team Foundation Server
9 4 (0.43%) Rational DOORS
10 3 (0.32%) Snyk
10 3 (0.32%) SonarQube
11 2 (0.22%) Artifactory
11 2 (0.22%) CMake
11 2 (0.22%) Cobertura
11 2 (0.22%) Gradle
11 2 (0.22%) Mercurial
12 1 (0.11%) Cucumber
12 1 (0.11%) Maven
12 1 (0.11%) Metasploit
General
1 197 (21.23%) Finance
2 90 (9.70%) Pharmaceutical
3 48 (5.17%) Banking
4 41 (4.42%) Games
5 34 (3.66%) Marketing
6 25 (2.69%) Retail
7 23 (2.48%) Advertising
8 21 (2.26%) Electronics
8 21 (2.26%) Telecoms
9 14 (1.51%) Legal
10 11 (1.19%) Back Office
11 8 (0.86%) Manufacturing
11 8 (0.86%) Publishing
12 7 (0.75%) Automotive
12 7 (0.75%) Law
12 7 (0.75%) Social Science
13 6 (0.65%) Aerospace
13 6 (0.65%) French Language
14 5 (0.54%) Spanish Language
15 4 (0.43%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 265 (28.56%) Data Scientist
2 161 (17.35%) Developer
3 114 (12.28%) Software Engineer
4 90 (9.70%) Graduate
5 68 (7.33%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 66 (7.11%) Software Developer
7 62 (6.68%) Analyst
8 55 (5.93%) Senior Data Scientist
9 44 (4.74%) Junior
10 37 (3.99%) Computer Engineer
10 37 (3.99%) Computer Vision Engineer
11 36 (3.88%) Research Engineer
12 35 (3.77%) Qualitative Analyst
12 35 (3.77%) Quantitative Analyst
13 32 (3.45%) Graduate Developer
14 31 (3.34%) Machine Learning Scientist
15 29 (3.13%) Java Engineer
16 28 (3.02%) Machine Learning Researcher
17 26 (2.80%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 24 (2.59%) Graduate Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 129 (13.90%) Natural Language Processing
2 116 (12.50%) TensorFlow
3 64 (6.90%) React
4 55 (5.93%) .NET
5 52 (5.60%) scikit-learn
6 51 (5.50%) AngularJS
7 48 (5.17%) Keras
8 38 (4.09%) HTML
8 38 (4.09%) NumPy
9 34 (3.66%) OpenCV
10 31 (3.34%) Node.js
11 30 (3.23%) J2EE
11 30 (3.23%) J2SE
11 30 (3.23%) Ruby on Rails
12 28 (3.02%) CSS
12 28 (3.02%) Pandas
13 26 (2.80%) Vue.js
14 24 (2.59%) Web Services
15 23 (2.48%) Caffe
15 23 (2.48%) SciPy
Miscellaneous
1 365 (39.33%) Algorithms
2 145 (15.63%) Analytical Skills
3 58 (6.25%) Fintech
4 39 (4.20%) Self-Motivation
5 34 (3.66%) Credit Risk
6 25 (2.69%) Hedge funds
7 24 (2.59%) Xbox
8 22 (2.37%) PMI
9 21 (2.26%) Robotics
10 19 (2.05%) Derivative
11 17 (1.83%) Virtual Team
12 16 (1.72%) Life Science
13 15 (1.62%) CUDA
13 15 (1.62%) Data Structures
14 14 (1.51%) Equities
14 14 (1.51%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 14 (1.51%) Greenfield Project
14 14 (1.51%) Linux Command Line
15 12 (1.29%) Public Cloud
16 11 (1.19%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 84 (9.05%) Linux
2 24 (2.59%) Unix
3 6 (0.65%) Android
4 4 (0.43%) Robot Operating System
4 4 (0.43%) Windows
5 3 (0.32%) Debian
5 3 (0.32%) Fedora
5 3 (0.32%) Kali Linux
5 3 (0.32%) Ubuntu
6 2 (0.22%) Solaris
7 1 (0.11%) Embedded Linux
7 1 (0.11%) FreeRTOS
7 1 (0.11%) VxWorks
7 1 (0.11%) Windows 10
7 1 (0.11%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2003
7 1 (0.11%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 540 (58.19%) Mathematics
2 505 (54.42%) Machine Learning
3 439 (47.31%) Data Science
4 359 (38.69%) Computer Science
5 292 (31.47%) Software Engineering
6 275 (29.63%) Analytics
7 273 (29.42%) Artificial Intelligence
8 252 (27.16%) Physics
9 218 (23.49%) Deep Learning
10 203 (21.88%) Data Analysis
11 190 (20.47%) Statistics
12 161 (17.35%) Agile Software Development
13 155 (16.70%) Problem-Solving
14 116 (12.50%) Visualisation
15 104 (11.21%) Computer Vision
16 103 (11.10%) Neural Network
17 94 (10.13%) Data Analytics
18 66 (7.11%) Mathematical Modelling
19 59 (6.36%) SDLC
20 54 (5.82%) Predictive Modelling
Programming Languages
1 642 (69.18%) Python
2 391 (42.13%) C++
3 345 (37.18%) Java
4 302 (32.54%) R
5 261 (28.13%) MATLAB
6 197 (21.23%) C#
7 159 (17.13%) SQL
8 131 (14.12%) C
9 108 (11.64%) JavaScript
10 67 (7.22%) Scala
11 40 (4.31%) Bash Shell
12 36 (3.88%) Go
12 36 (3.88%) Ruby
13 33 (3.56%) PHP
14 30 (3.23%) Bourne shell
14 30 (3.23%) Korn
15 24 (2.59%) Java 8
16 19 (2.05%) VBA
17 15 (1.62%) TypeScript
18 14 (1.51%) Perl
Qualifications
1 346 (37.28%) Degree
2 62 (6.68%) Master's Degree
3 46 (4.96%) Computer Science Degree
4 35 (3.77%) Numerate Degree
5 33 (3.56%) Security Cleared
6 29 (3.13%) Postgraduate
7 22 (2.37%) PMI Certification
8 17 (1.83%) SC Cleared
9 16 (1.72%) ISTQB
10 11 (1.19%) MPhil
11 10 (1.08%) CFA
12 6 (0.65%) DV Cleared
13 4 (0.43%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 3 (0.32%) A+ Certification
14 3 (0.32%) MBA
15 2 (0.22%) Chartered Engineer
15 2 (0.22%) PMP
16 1 (0.11%) CIMA
16 1 (0.11%) DBS Check
16 1 (0.11%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (2.48%) QA
2 9 (0.97%) Dodd-Frank
2 9 (0.97%) EMIR
2 9 (0.97%) IFRS
2 9 (0.97%) IFRS 9
2 9 (0.97%) MiFID
3 2 (0.22%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.11%) CDISC
4 1 (0.11%) CRD IV
4 1 (0.11%) DICOM
4 1 (0.11%) GDPR
System Software
1 18 (1.94%) Docker
2 2 (0.22%) Apache Flume
3 1 (0.11%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.11%) Citrix Hypervisor
3 1 (0.11%) Firmware
3 1 (0.11%) Hyper-V
3 1 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1 (0.11%) vSphere
3 1 (0.11%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 27 (2.91%) Kubernetes
2 14 (1.51%) Consul
2 14 (1.51%) Prometheus
2 14 (1.51%) Terraform
3 6 (0.65%) Ansible
4 4 (0.43%) HP Quality Center
4 4 (0.43%) Salt
4 4 (0.43%) ZABBIX
5 3 (0.32%) Nessus
5 3 (0.32%) Nmap
5 3 (0.32%) Sysdig
6 2 (0.22%) Mesos
6 2 (0.22%) Opscode Chef
6 2 (0.22%) Puppet
6 2 (0.22%) Rancher
7 1 (0.11%) Ambari
7 1 (0.11%) Oozie
Vendors
1 28 (3.02%) Tableau
2 25 (2.69%) Google
3 12 (1.29%) Microsoft
4 10 (1.08%) IBM
5 9 (0.97%) Oracle
6 6 (0.65%) ESRI
6 6 (0.65%) Hortonworks
6 6 (0.65%) Intel
6 6 (0.65%) Mapbox
6 6 (0.65%) Mapinfo
6 6 (0.65%) Perforce
7 5 (0.54%) SAP
7 5 (0.54%) Teradata
8 4 (0.43%) Cognizant
8 4 (0.43%) Dataiku
8 4 (0.43%) MathWorks
9 3 (0.32%) Databricks
9 3 (0.32%) Pega
9 3 (0.32%) Qualys
9 3 (0.32%) Rackspace