Period
to 22 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 22 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK > England
6 months to
22 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 527 354 350
Rank change year-on-year -173 -4 +83
Permanent jobs citing PhD 629 1,388 1,547
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.50% 0.90% 0.95%
As % of the Qualifications category 2.13% 3.79% 3.88%
Number of salaries quoted 462 1,204 1,277
England median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +13.64% +10.00%
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £29,450
90th Percentile £109,875 £115,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.00% +13.64% +10.00%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 29,525 36,642 39,854
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 23.35% 23.86% 24.36%
Number of salaries quoted 21,698 27,329 30,789
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +2.15%
10th Percentile £27,188 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £82,500 £81,250 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,000
% change year-on-year - +6.38% +4.44%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in England

PhD
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PhD in England.

Salary trend for PhD in England

PhD
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Salary histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the England region over the 6 months to 22 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -78 384 £75,000 - 78
South East -93 106 £42,189 -15.62% 29
East of England -94 53 £45,000 +9.76% 38
North of England +35 43 £43,750 -12.50% 11
North West +34 33 £40,250 -19.50% 4
South West -6 27 £42,500 -22.73% 13
Midlands +31 13 £40,000 -27.27% 7
Yorkshire +15 10 £67,500 +5.88% 4
West Midlands +20 8 £40,000 -27.27% 3
East Midlands +26 5 £50,000 +17.65% 4
PhD
UK

For the 6 months to 22 October 2019, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for PhD.

1 469 (74.56%) Python
2 365 (58.03%) Machine Learning
3 311 (49.44%) Mathematics
4 309 (49.13%) Data Science
5 278 (44.20%) Computer Science
6 257 (40.86%) Degree
7 229 (36.41%) Algorithms
8 226 (35.93%) C++
9 188 (29.89%) Statistics
10 183 (29.09%) R
11 181 (28.78%) Artificial Intelligence
12 178 (28.30%) Physics
13 166 (26.39%) SQL
14 155 (24.64%) Deep Learning
15 148 (23.53%) Java
16 146 (23.21%) Analytics
17 130 (20.67%) Software Engineering
18 121 (19.24%) TensorFlow
19 108 (17.17%) Finance
20 107 (17.01%) Agile Software Development
21 100 (15.90%) Analytical Skills
22 98 (15.58%) Apache Spark
23 95 (15.10%) Big Data
24 93 (14.79%) AWS
25 89 (14.15%) MATLAB
26 82 (13.04%) Master's Degree
27 78 (12.40%) Hadoop
28 71 (11.29%) C
29 66 (10.49%) Problem-Solving
30 64 (10.17%) Linux

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 98 (15.58%) Apache Spark
2 25 (3.97%) SAS
3 8 (1.27%) Apache
3 8 (1.27%) Apache Pig
4 6 (0.95%) Tornado
5 5 (0.79%) Elasticsearch
5 5 (0.79%) nginx
6 4 (0.64%) Ethereum
7 3 (0.48%) Apache Airflow
7 3 (0.48%) Jupyter
7 3 (0.48%) Luigi
8 2 (0.32%) CMS
8 2 (0.32%) Hyperledger
9 1 (0.16%) DNN
Applications
1 11 (1.75%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.95%) GNU Octave
3 5 (0.79%) Stata
4 4 (0.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.64%) SPSS
5 3 (0.48%) Microsoft Office
6 2 (0.32%) Mathematica
7 1 (0.16%) Simulink
7 1 (0.16%) Weka
Business Applications
1 3 (0.48%) SAP S/4HANA
2 2 (0.32%) SAP ERP
2 2 (0.32%) Summit
3 1 (0.16%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 93 (14.79%) AWS
2 52 (8.27%) Azure
3 38 (6.04%) GCP
4 9 (1.43%) Power Platform
5 6 (0.95%) PaaS
6 5 (0.79%) Cloud Computing
6 5 (0.79%) OpenShift
6 5 (0.79%) Slack
7 4 (0.64%) GitHub
8 2 (0.32%) Amazon EC2
8 2 (0.32%) Amazon ECS
8 2 (0.32%) Amazon S3
8 2 (0.32%) AWS CloudFormation
8 2 (0.32%) AWS Lambda
8 2 (0.32%) Google App Engine
8 2 (0.32%) Serverless
9 1 (0.16%) Dialogflow
9 1 (0.16%) Google Analytics
9 1 (0.16%) SaaS
9 1 (0.16%) Siri
Communications & Networking
1 12 (1.91%) Internet
2 10 (1.59%) Network Security
3 3 (0.48%) ATM
3 3 (0.48%) Reverse Proxy
4 2 (0.32%) 5G
4 2 (0.32%) GSM
4 2 (0.32%) LTE
4 2 (0.32%) MIMO
4 2 (0.32%) Radio Access Network
4 2 (0.32%) UMTS
4 2 (0.32%) Wi-Fi
4 2 (0.32%) Wireshark
5 1 (0.16%) Ethernet
5 1 (0.16%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.16%) VoIP
5 1 (0.16%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 95 (15.10%) Big Data
2 78 (12.40%) Hadoop
3 39 (6.20%) Relational Database
4 38 (6.04%) Data Mining
5 29 (4.61%) Apache Hive
6 22 (3.50%) NoSQL
7 17 (2.70%) SQL Server
8 16 (2.54%) Blockchain
8 16 (2.54%) MySQL
9 15 (2.38%) MongoDB
10 14 (2.23%) PostgreSQL
11 13 (2.07%) Data Warehouse
12 9 (1.43%) Power BI
12 9 (1.43%) QlikView
13 8 (1.27%) Neo4j
13 8 (1.27%) ObjectStore
14 7 (1.11%) Triplestore
15 6 (0.95%) Amazon Redshift
15 6 (0.95%) Data Lake
16 5 (0.79%) Qlik Sense
Development Applications
1 36 (5.72%) Git (software)
2 14 (2.23%) Jenkins
3 7 (1.11%) Subversion
3 7 (1.11%) Travis CI
4 6 (0.95%) JIRA
5 4 (0.64%) GitLab
6 3 (0.48%) Jasmine
6 3 (0.48%) Metasploit
6 3 (0.48%) Mocha
6 3 (0.48%) Rational DOORS
6 3 (0.48%) Snyk
6 3 (0.48%) SonarQube
7 2 (0.32%) Eclipse
7 2 (0.32%) Gradle
8 1 (0.16%) Codeception
8 1 (0.16%) Maven
8 1 (0.16%) Mercurial
8 1 (0.16%) PyCharm
8 1 (0.16%) Redmine
8 1 (0.16%) Visual Studio
General
1 108 (17.17%) Finance
2 50 (7.95%) Banking
3 43 (6.84%) Marketing
4 35 (5.56%) Retail
5 34 (5.41%) Electronics
6 30 (4.77%) Pharmaceutical
7 26 (4.13%) Manufacturing
8 22 (3.50%) Automotive
8 22 (3.50%) Games
8 22 (3.50%) Telecoms
9 14 (2.23%) Publishing
10 13 (2.07%) Financial Institution
10 13 (2.07%) Front Office
11 12 (1.91%) Advertising
12 10 (1.59%) Aerospace
13 9 (1.43%) Legal
13 9 (1.43%) Public Sector
14 6 (0.95%) Retail Banking
14 6 (0.95%) Social Science
15 5 (0.79%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 209 (33.23%) Data Scientist
2 82 (13.04%) Senior Data Scientist
3 58 (9.22%) Software Engineer
4 48 (7.63%) Developer
5 45 (7.15%) Analyst
6 40 (6.36%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 35 (5.56%) Graduate
8 31 (4.93%) Qualitative Analyst
8 31 (4.93%) Quantitative Analyst
9 27 (4.29%) Data Engineer
10 26 (4.13%) Junior
11 23 (3.66%) Architect
12 19 (3.02%) Research Engineer
13 17 (2.70%) Python Developer
14 15 (2.38%) Computer Engineer
14 15 (2.38%) Computer Vision Engineer
14 15 (2.38%) Machine Learning Scientist
15 14 (2.23%) Junior Data Scientist
16 13 (2.07%) Python Engineer
17 12 (1.91%) Kubernetes Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 121 (19.24%) TensorFlow
2 64 (10.17%) Natural Language Processing
3 58 (9.22%) NumPy
4 53 (8.43%) Pandas
5 45 (7.15%) scikit-learn
6 36 (5.72%) Keras
7 26 (4.13%) SciPy
8 25 (3.97%) Caffe
9 22 (3.50%) Web Services
10 19 (3.02%) Kafka
11 18 (2.86%) GraphQL
12 17 (2.70%) Torch
13 15 (2.38%) React
14 13 (2.07%) Flask
14 13 (2.07%) Node.js
15 11 (1.75%) Spring
16 10 (1.59%) D3.js
17 9 (1.43%) CSS
17 9 (1.43%) HTML
17 9 (1.43%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 229 (36.41%) Algorithms
2 100 (15.90%) Analytical Skills
3 31 (4.93%) Data Structures
4 29 (4.61%) Robotics
5 22 (3.50%) Credit Risk
5 22 (3.50%) Derivative
6 21 (3.34%) Life Science
7 17 (2.70%) Linux Command Line
8 16 (2.54%) Self-Motivation
9 15 (2.38%) Greenfield Project
10 14 (2.23%) Embedded Systems
10 14 (2.23%) Equities
10 14 (2.23%) Hedge funds
10 14 (2.23%) User Experience
11 13 (2.07%) Virtual Team
12 12 (1.91%) Digital Media
12 12 (1.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 12 (1.91%) Management Information System
12 12 (1.91%) Market Risk
13 11 (1.75%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 64 (10.17%) Linux
2 37 (5.88%) Unix
3 15 (2.38%) Android
4 5 (0.79%) VxWorks
5 4 (0.64%) Windows
6 3 (0.48%) Kali Linux
7 1 (0.16%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 365 (58.03%) Machine Learning
2 311 (49.44%) Mathematics
3 309 (49.13%) Data Science
4 278 (44.20%) Computer Science
5 188 (29.89%) Statistics
6 181 (28.78%) Artificial Intelligence
7 178 (28.30%) Physics
8 155 (24.64%) Deep Learning
9 146 (23.21%) Analytics
10 130 (20.67%) Software Engineering
11 107 (17.01%) Agile Software Development
12 66 (10.49%) Problem-Solving
13 62 (9.86%) Data Analysis
14 55 (8.74%) Open Source
15 53 (8.43%) Computer Vision
15 53 (8.43%) Visualisation
16 49 (7.79%) Validation
17 43 (6.84%) Data Analytics
18 41 (6.52%) Predictive Modelling
19 40 (6.36%) Statistical Modelling
Programming Languages
1 469 (74.56%) Python
2 226 (35.93%) C++
3 183 (29.09%) R
4 166 (26.39%) SQL
5 148 (23.53%) Java
6 89 (14.15%) MATLAB
7 71 (11.29%) C
8 54 (8.59%) Scala
9 46 (7.31%) JavaScript
10 40 (6.36%) C#
11 29 (4.61%) Go
12 19 (3.02%) TypeScript
13 9 (1.43%) Perl
14 8 (1.27%) Ruby
14 8 (1.27%) VBA
15 7 (1.11%) SPARQL
16 5 (0.79%) ES6
16 5 (0.79%) Lua
16 5 (0.79%) PHP
17 4 (0.64%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 257 (40.86%) Degree
2 82 (13.04%) Master's Degree
3 33 (5.25%) Numerate Degree
4 27 (4.29%) Computer Science Degree
5 17 (2.70%) Postgraduate
6 14 (2.23%) Security Cleared
7 11 (1.75%) DBS Check
8 10 (1.59%) SC Cleared
9 7 (1.11%) CFA
10 5 (0.79%) Chartered Engineer
11 3 (0.48%) DV Cleared
11 3 (0.48%) ISTQB
11 3 (0.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 2 (0.32%) PMI Certification
13 1 (0.16%) A+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (2.70%) Data Quality
2 12 (1.91%) QA
3 7 (1.11%) Dodd-Frank
3 7 (1.11%) EMIR
3 7 (1.11%) MiFID
4 6 (0.95%) IFRS
4 6 (0.95%) IFRS 9
5 2 (0.32%) PSD2
6 1 (0.16%) AQAP
6 1 (0.16%) CRD IV
6 1 (0.16%) ISO 14001
6 1 (0.16%) ISO 26262
6 1 (0.16%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.16%) TickIT
System Software
1 43 (6.84%) Docker
2 1 (0.16%) Apache Flume
2 1 (0.16%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 44 (7.00%) Kubernetes
2 17 (2.70%) Terraform
3 16 (2.54%) Consul
4 12 (1.91%) Ansible
5 7 (1.11%) Salt
6 3 (0.48%) HP Quality Center
6 3 (0.48%) Nessus
6 3 (0.48%) Nmap
6 3 (0.48%) Sysdig
6 3 (0.48%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 37 (5.88%) Google
2 26 (4.13%) Tableau
3 7 (1.11%) Databricks
4 6 (0.95%) Microsoft
4 6 (0.95%) Oracle
5 5 (0.79%) Alteryx
5 5 (0.79%) Facebook
5 5 (0.79%) Sybase
6 4 (0.64%) SAP
6 4 (0.64%) Xilinx
7 3 (0.48%) MathWorks
7 3 (0.48%) Perforce
7 3 (0.48%) Qualys
8 2 (0.32%) Dataiku
8 2 (0.32%) Dell
8 2 (0.32%) IBM
8 2 (0.32%) Netezza
8 2 (0.32%) NVIDIA
8 2 (0.32%) Rackspace
8 2 (0.32%) Twitter