Period
to 23 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 23 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK > England
6 months to
23 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 496 383 313
Rank change year-on-year -113 -70 +78
Permanent jobs citing PhD 602 1,138 1,736
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.53% 0.81% 1.05%
As % of the Qualifications category 2.45% 3.32% 4.40%
Number of salaries quoted 421 900 1,454
England median annual salary £72,500 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +20.83% +9.09% -
10th Percentile £37,500 £32,500 £31,000
90th Percentile £110,000 £107,500 £96,250
UK median annual salary £70,000 £58,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +20.69% +5.45% -

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 24,557 34,264 39,495
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 21.81% 24.52% 23.95%
Number of salaries quoted 18,285 25,155 30,876
England median annual salary £50,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £28,000 £26,750 £26,250
90th Percentile £83,750 £81,250 £80,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in England

PhD
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PhD in England.

Salary trend for PhD in England

PhD
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 23 February 2020.

Salary histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the England region over the 6 months to 23 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -37 376 £77,500 +6.90% 85
South East -94 81 £52,500 +10.53% 37
East of England -24 69 £50,000 -4.76% 54
North of England +24 33 £37,654 -16.32% 12
North West +31 25 £37,654 -16.32% 5
Midlands +29 23 £46,250 -26.00% 27
East Midlands +40 17 £50,000 -2.44% 14
South West +26 17 £41,250 -21.43% 13
Yorkshire +31 6 £38,750 -35.42% 4
West Midlands +13 6 £42,500 -34.62% 13
North East +4 2 £65,000 +62.50% 3
PhD
UK

For the 6 months to 23 February 2020, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for PhD.

1 417 (69.27%) Python
2 317 (52.66%) Data Science
3 295 (49.00%) Machine Learning
4 264 (43.85%) Mathematics
5 262 (43.52%) Computer Science
6 223 (37.04%) Degree
7 204 (33.89%) Algorithms
8 168 (27.91%) C++
9 165 (27.41%) Statistics
10 152 (25.25%) Artificial Intelligence
11 150 (24.92%) Analytics
12 143 (23.75%) Agile Software Development
12 143 (23.75%) Finance
13 137 (22.76%) R
14 131 (21.76%) SQL
15 129 (21.43%) Physics
16 122 (20.27%) Deep Learning
17 116 (19.27%) Software Engineering
18 101 (16.78%) Java
19 98 (16.28%) Big Data
20 95 (15.78%) Analytical Skills
21 94 (15.61%) AWS
21 94 (15.61%) TensorFlow
22 84 (13.95%) Data Analysis
23 76 (12.62%) Natural Language Processing
24 74 (12.29%) Azure
25 72 (11.96%) Apache Spark
25 72 (11.96%) Master's Degree
26 67 (11.13%) Problem-Solving
26 67 (11.13%) Linux

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 72 (11.96%) Apache Spark
2 8 (1.33%) Jupyter
3 7 (1.16%) CMS
4 6 (1.00%) SAS
5 5 (0.83%) Apache
5 5 (0.83%) Tornado
6 1 (0.17%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 1 (0.17%) Apache Pig
6 1 (0.17%) Headless CMS
6 1 (0.17%) Hyperledger
6 1 (0.17%) OpenStack
6 1 (0.17%) Pachyderm
Applications
1 3 (0.50%) Stata
2 2 (0.33%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.17%) GNU Octave
3 1 (0.17%) S-PLUS
3 1 (0.17%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 5 (0.83%) SAP ERP
1 5 (0.83%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 94 (15.61%) AWS
2 74 (12.29%) Azure
3 43 (7.14%) GCP
4 34 (5.65%) PaaS
5 6 (1.00%) Cloud Computing
5 6 (1.00%) Slack
6 4 (0.66%) Amazon SageMaker
6 4 (0.66%) Power Platform
7 3 (0.50%) Google Analytics
8 2 (0.33%) Dialogflow
8 2 (0.33%) Google Sheets
8 2 (0.33%) Serverless
9 1 (0.17%) Amazon EC2
9 1 (0.17%) Amazon ECS
9 1 (0.17%) Amazon S3
9 1 (0.17%) Apigee
9 1 (0.17%) AWS CloudFormation
9 1 (0.17%) AWS CodeDeploy
9 1 (0.17%) Boomi
9 1 (0.17%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 15 (2.49%) Internet
2 8 (1.33%) 5G
3 7 (1.16%) LTE
4 6 (1.00%) Ethernet
4 6 (1.00%) Wireless
4 6 (1.00%) Wireshark
5 5 (0.83%) 4G
5 5 (0.83%) DVB
6 4 (0.66%) Firewall
7 2 (0.33%) 3G
7 2 (0.33%) 3GPP
7 2 (0.33%) DNS
7 2 (0.33%) HSPA
7 2 (0.33%) Network Security
7 2 (0.33%) PPP
7 2 (0.33%) UMTS
8 1 (0.17%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 98 (16.28%) Big Data
2 51 (8.47%) Hadoop
3 44 (7.31%) PostgreSQL
4 37 (6.15%) Relational Database
5 24 (3.99%) NoSQL
6 23 (3.82%) SQL Server
7 21 (3.49%) Blockchain
8 16 (2.66%) Data Mining
9 13 (2.16%) MongoDB
10 11 (1.83%) Data Warehouse
11 10 (1.66%) Apache Hive
12 9 (1.50%) KDB
12 9 (1.50%) Kdb+
13 8 (1.33%) MySQL
14 6 (1.00%) Qlik Sense
15 5 (0.83%) BigQuery
16 4 (0.66%) Power BI
17 3 (0.50%) Amazon Redshift
17 3 (0.50%) ClickHouse
17 3 (0.50%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 25 (4.15%) Git (software)
2 13 (2.16%) Jenkins
3 11 (1.83%) GitLab
3 11 (1.83%) Metasploit
3 11 (1.83%) Snyk
3 11 (1.83%) SonarQube
4 8 (1.33%) JIRA
5 3 (0.50%) Eclipse
5 3 (0.50%) LabVIEW
5 3 (0.50%) Subversion
5 3 (0.50%) Travis CI
5 3 (0.50%) Visual Studio
6 2 (0.33%) JUnit
6 2 (0.33%) Mercurial
6 2 (0.33%) PyCharm
6 2 (0.33%) RStudio
6 2 (0.33%) Visual Studio Code
7 1 (0.17%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 1 (0.17%) Mockito
7 1 (0.17%) TeamCity
General
1 143 (23.75%) Finance
2 56 (9.30%) Pharmaceutical
3 33 (5.48%) Marketing
4 31 (5.15%) Retail
5 30 (4.98%) Banking
6 20 (3.32%) Front Office
7 19 (3.16%) Games
8 16 (2.66%) Automotive
9 13 (2.16%) Manufacturing
9 13 (2.16%) Publishing
10 12 (1.99%) Advertising
11 11 (1.83%) Electronics
12 10 (1.66%) Financial Institution
13 9 (1.50%) Retail Banking
14 8 (1.33%) Telecoms
15 7 (1.16%) Aerospace
15 7 (1.16%) Legal
16 6 (1.00%) Law
17 5 (0.83%) Military
17 5 (0.83%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 161 (26.74%) Data Scientist
2 68 (11.30%) Senior Data Scientist
3 60 (9.97%) Software Engineer
4 52 (8.64%) Machine Learning Engineer
5 51 (8.47%) Analyst
6 46 (7.64%) Developer
7 44 (7.31%) Architect
8 39 (6.48%) Python Engineer
9 36 (5.98%) Software Architect
10 33 (5.48%) Qualitative Analyst
10 33 (5.48%) Quantitative Analyst
11 31 (5.15%) Python Software Engineer
12 28 (4.65%) Graduate
13 15 (2.49%) Machine Learning Scientist
13 15 (2.49%) Research Engineer
14 14 (2.33%) Data Engineer
15 13 (2.16%) Junior
15 13 (2.16%) Python Developer
16 11 (1.83%) Java Developer
16 11 (1.83%) Quantitative Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 94 (15.61%) TensorFlow
2 76 (12.62%) Natural Language Processing
3 66 (10.96%) PyTorch
4 34 (5.65%) Pandas
5 32 (5.32%) Keras
6 29 (4.82%) NumPy
7 26 (4.32%) scikit-learn
8 23 (3.82%) Kafka
9 21 (3.49%) Django
10 20 (3.32%) Dask
11 17 (2.82%) Web Services
12 15 (2.49%) Spring
13 11 (1.83%) OAuth
13 11 (1.83%) OpenID
13 11 (1.83%) SAML
13 11 (1.83%) Spring Boot
14 10 (1.66%) Caffe
14 10 (1.66%) RESTful
14 10 (1.66%) RxJava
14 10 (1.66%) SciPy
Miscellaneous
1 204 (33.89%) Algorithms
2 95 (15.78%) Analytical Skills
3 32 (5.32%) Credit Risk
4 23 (3.82%) Derivative
4 23 (3.82%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
4 23 (3.82%) Robotics
5 21 (3.49%) Market Risk
6 18 (2.99%) Equities
6 18 (2.99%) Hedge funds
7 15 (2.49%) Data Structures
8 14 (2.33%) Renewable Energy
9 13 (2.16%) Self-Motivation
10 11 (1.83%) Embedded Systems
10 11 (1.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 11 (1.83%) Internet of Things
10 11 (1.83%) PKI
10 11 (1.83%) VHDL
11 10 (1.66%) Exotic Derivative
11 10 (1.66%) Life Science
11 10 (1.66%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 67 (11.13%) Linux
2 27 (4.49%) Unix
3 11 (1.83%) Kali Linux
4 7 (1.16%) VMS
5 5 (0.83%) Android
5 5 (0.83%) Windows
6 3 (0.50%) Embedded Linux
6 3 (0.50%) Robot Operating System
7 1 (0.17%) Debian
7 1 (0.17%) Fedora
7 1 (0.17%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 317 (52.66%) Data Science
2 295 (49.00%) Machine Learning
3 264 (43.85%) Mathematics
4 262 (43.52%) Computer Science
5 165 (27.41%) Statistics
6 152 (25.25%) Artificial Intelligence
7 150 (24.92%) Analytics
8 143 (23.75%) Agile Software Development
9 129 (21.43%) Physics
10 122 (20.27%) Deep Learning
11 116 (19.27%) Software Engineering
12 84 (13.95%) Data Analysis
13 67 (11.13%) Problem-Solving
14 58 (9.63%) SDLC
15 57 (9.47%) Visualisation
16 46 (7.64%) Innovative Thinking
16 46 (7.64%) Neural Network
16 46 (7.64%) Software Architecture
17 45 (7.48%) Threat Modelling
18 40 (6.64%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 417 (69.27%) Python
2 168 (27.91%) C++
3 137 (22.76%) R
4 131 (21.76%) SQL
5 101 (16.78%) Java
6 67 (11.13%) MATLAB
7 54 (8.97%) C
8 45 (7.48%) C#
9 40 (6.64%) JavaScript
10 37 (6.15%) Scala
11 31 (5.15%) Go
12 12 (1.99%) Rust
13 11 (1.83%) Julia
14 10 (1.66%) TypeScript
15 9 (1.50%) Perl
16 7 (1.16%) Ruby
17 5 (0.83%) SPARQL
18 4 (0.66%) Smalltalk
19 3 (0.50%) Bash Shell
19 3 (0.50%) PHP
Qualifications
1 223 (37.04%) Degree
2 72 (11.96%) Master's Degree
3 25 (4.15%) Computer Science Degree
4 22 (3.65%) Numerate Degree
5 8 (1.33%) MBA
5 8 (1.33%) Postgraduate
6 7 (1.16%) DBS Check
6 7 (1.16%) ISTQB
6 7 (1.16%) PMI Certification
7 6 (1.00%) Security Cleared
8 5 (0.83%) SC Cleared
9 3 (0.50%) CFA
10 1 (0.17%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.17%) Chartered Engineer
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (2.66%) QA
2 12 (1.99%) MiFID
3 11 (1.83%) Data Quality
3 11 (1.83%) EMIR
4 10 (1.66%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.17%) Actionable Recommendations
5 1 (0.17%) IFRS
5 1 (0.17%) IFRS 9
5 1 (0.17%) PMO
System Software
1 31 (5.15%) Docker
2 7 (1.16%) Firmware
3 2 (0.33%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.17%) Lustre
4 1 (0.17%) oVirt
Systems Management
1 40 (6.64%) Kubernetes
2 11 (1.83%) Nessus
2 11 (1.83%) Nmap
2 11 (1.83%) Sysdig
3 9 (1.50%) Terraform
4 6 (1.00%) Consul
4 6 (1.00%) Istio
5 2 (0.33%) Ansible
6 1 (0.17%) Grafana
6 1 (0.17%) Kibana
6 1 (0.17%) Knative
Vendors
1 58 (9.63%) Google
2 22 (3.65%) Oracle
3 20 (3.32%) Tableau
4 12 (1.99%) Sybase
5 11 (1.83%) Qualys
6 6 (1.00%) SAP
6 6 (1.00%) Xilinx
7 5 (0.83%) Databricks
7 5 (0.83%) Facebook
8 4 (0.66%) Alteryx
8 4 (0.66%) Microsoft
8 4 (0.66%) Sage
9 3 (0.50%) Salesforce.com
9 3 (0.50%) Teradata
9 3 (0.50%) YouTube
10 2 (0.33%) Foundry
10 2 (0.33%) MicroStrategy
10 2 (0.33%) Palantir
11 1 (0.17%) Hortonworks
11 1 (0.17%) Splunk