Period
to 9 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 9 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK > England
6 months to
9 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 491 408 298
Rank change year-on-year -83 -110 +59
Permanent jobs citing PhD 566 1,055 1,782
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.53% 0.76% 1.07%
As % of the Qualifications category 2.47% 3.09% 4.53%
Number of salaries quoted 404 824 1,556
Median annual salary £68,400 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +14.00% +9.09% -
10th Percentile £36,000 £32,500 £30,000
90th Percentile £113,750 £101,250 £100,000
UK median annual salary £67,500 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +12.50% +9.09% -

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 22,881 34,112 39,355
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 21.54% 24.69% 23.72%
Number of salaries quoted 16,922 24,774 30,391
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +3.09% +7.78%
10th Percentile £28,250 £26,750 £26,250
90th Percentile £83,750 £81,250 £80,000
UK median annual salary £50,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +1.00% +5.26% +5.56%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in England

PhD
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing PhD in England.

Salary trend for PhD in England

PhD
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Salary histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the England region over the 6 months to 9 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -23 337 £75,000 +7.14% 68
South East -59 75 £55,000 +15.79% 34
East of England -32 63 £57,500 -4.17% 60
North of England +26 46 £37,112 -17.53% 7
North West +42 32 £37,654 -16.32% 2
Midlands +50 30 £57,500 +31.43% 6
East Midlands +57 21 £50,000 -2.44% 3
South West +56 12 £41,250 -31.25% 14
West Midlands +39 9 £57,500 +31.43% 3
North East +3 9 £31,880 -20.30% 1
Yorkshire +43 5 £35,000 -41.67% 4
PhD
UK

For the 6 months to 9 April 2020, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for PhD.

1 361 (63.78%) Python
2 307 (54.24%) Data Science
3 257 (45.41%) Machine Learning
4 256 (45.23%) Mathematics
5 236 (41.70%) Computer Science
6 192 (33.92%) Degree
7 191 (33.75%) Algorithms
8 160 (28.27%) Analytics
9 154 (27.21%) Agile Software Development
10 150 (26.50%) C++
11 146 (25.80%) Artificial Intelligence
12 136 (24.03%) Finance
13 135 (23.85%) Statistics
14 108 (19.08%) SQL
15 105 (18.55%) Software Engineering
16 101 (17.84%) Physics
17 100 (17.67%) Deep Learning
17 100 (17.67%) Java
18 99 (17.49%) R
19 94 (16.61%) Data Analysis
20 92 (16.25%) Azure
21 84 (14.84%) Analytical Skills
22 82 (14.49%) AWS
23 79 (13.96%) SDLC
24 76 (13.43%) Natural Language Processing
25 75 (13.25%) Big Data
25 75 (13.25%) Pharmaceutical
26 70 (12.37%) TensorFlow
27 69 (12.19%) Problem-Solving
28 65 (11.48%) Master's Degree

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (9.54%) Apache Spark
2 13 (2.30%) CMS
3 10 (1.77%) Jupyter
4 5 (0.88%) Apache
4 5 (0.88%) Tornado
5 3 (0.53%) SAS
6 2 (0.35%) Apache Airflow
6 2 (0.35%) JBoss
7 1 (0.18%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 1 (0.18%) Apache Solr
7 1 (0.18%) Headless CMS
7 1 (0.18%) Hyperledger
7 1 (0.18%) OpenStack
7 1 (0.18%) Pachyderm
Applications
1 5 (0.88%) S-PLUS
2 3 (0.53%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.53%) Stata
3 2 (0.35%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.18%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.18%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 6 (1.06%) SAP S/4HANA
2 4 (0.71%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.18%) SAP MDG
Cloud Services
1 92 (16.25%) Azure
2 82 (14.49%) AWS
3 51 (9.01%) GCP
4 50 (8.83%) PaaS
5 11 (1.94%) Cloud Computing
5 11 (1.94%) Power Platform
6 4 (0.71%) Amazon SageMaker
7 3 (0.53%) Slack
8 2 (0.35%) Dialogflow
8 2 (0.35%) Google Analytics
8 2 (0.35%) Google Sheets
9 1 (0.18%) Apigee
9 1 (0.18%) AWS CodeDeploy
9 1 (0.18%) Boomi
9 1 (0.18%) G Suite
9 1 (0.18%) GitHub
9 1 (0.18%) SaaS
9 1 (0.18%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 16 (2.83%) Internet
2 8 (1.41%) 5G
3 7 (1.24%) LTE
4 6 (1.06%) Ethernet
4 6 (1.06%) Wireless
5 5 (0.88%) 4G
5 5 (0.88%) DVB
6 4 (0.71%) Firewall
6 4 (0.71%) Wireshark
7 2 (0.35%) 3G
7 2 (0.35%) 3GPP
7 2 (0.35%) DNS
7 2 (0.35%) HSPA
7 2 (0.35%) Modbus
7 2 (0.35%) PPP
7 2 (0.35%) UMTS
8 1 (0.18%) Broadband
8 1 (0.18%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 75 (13.25%) Big Data
2 42 (7.42%) PostgreSQL
3 37 (6.54%) Relational Database
4 33 (5.83%) Hadoop
5 25 (4.42%) NoSQL
6 23 (4.06%) Blockchain
7 22 (3.89%) SQL Server
8 18 (3.18%) Data Mining
9 12 (2.12%) BigQuery
9 12 (2.12%) MongoDB
10 11 (1.94%) Power BI
11 10 (1.77%) Data Warehouse
12 9 (1.59%) Amazon Redshift
12 9 (1.59%) KDB
12 9 (1.59%) Kdb+
13 8 (1.41%) Apache Hive
14 7 (1.24%) RDBMS
15 4 (0.71%) MySQL
15 4 (0.71%) QlikView
16 3 (0.53%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 25 (4.42%) Git (software)
2 11 (1.94%) Jenkins
3 9 (1.59%) GitLab
3 9 (1.59%) Metasploit
3 9 (1.59%) Snyk
3 9 (1.59%) SonarQube
4 8 (1.41%) JIRA
5 4 (0.71%) LabVIEW
5 4 (0.71%) Subversion
6 3 (0.53%) Eclipse
6 3 (0.53%) Visual Studio
7 2 (0.35%) JUnit
7 2 (0.35%) Mercurial
7 2 (0.35%) PyCharm
7 2 (0.35%) RStudio
7 2 (0.35%) Visual Studio Code
8 1 (0.18%) Mockito
8 1 (0.18%) Spock
8 1 (0.18%) Travis CI
8 1 (0.18%) webpack
General
1 136 (24.03%) Finance
2 75 (13.25%) Pharmaceutical
3 31 (5.48%) Marketing
4 29 (5.12%) Banking
4 29 (5.12%) Retail
5 17 (3.00%) Front Office
6 16 (2.83%) Automotive
7 15 (2.65%) Games
8 14 (2.47%) Electronics
9 11 (1.94%) Advertising
10 10 (1.77%) Telecoms
11 9 (1.59%) Financial Institution
12 8 (1.41%) Aerospace
12 8 (1.41%) Law
13 7 (1.24%) Manufacturing
13 7 (1.24%) Military
13 7 (1.24%) Retail Banking
14 4 (0.71%) Investment Banking
15 3 (0.53%) Legal
16 2 (0.35%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 139 (24.56%) Data Scientist
2 65 (11.48%) Architect
3 59 (10.42%) Senior Data Scientist
4 56 (9.89%) Software Engineer
5 52 (9.19%) Analyst
6 51 (9.01%) Software Architect
7 43 (7.60%) Developer
7 43 (7.60%) Machine Learning Engineer
8 35 (6.18%) Qualitative Analyst
8 35 (6.18%) Quantitative Analyst
9 33 (5.83%) Python Engineer
10 30 (5.30%) Python Software Engineer
11 21 (3.71%) Graduate
12 17 (3.00%) Machine Learning Scientist
13 16 (2.83%) Data Engineer
14 13 (2.30%) Research Engineer
15 12 (2.12%) Test Engineer
16 11 (1.94%) Project Manager
16 11 (1.94%) Quantitative Developer
17 10 (1.77%) Data Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 76 (13.43%) Natural Language Processing
2 70 (12.37%) TensorFlow
3 59 (10.42%) PyTorch
4 35 (6.18%) scikit-learn
5 34 (6.01%) Keras
6 33 (5.83%) Pandas
7 29 (5.12%) NumPy
8 24 (4.24%) Django
9 18 (3.18%) Dask
10 15 (2.65%) Kafka
11 14 (2.47%) .NET
12 13 (2.30%) Web Services
13 12 (2.12%) HTML
13 12 (2.12%) Spring
14 11 (1.94%) Spring Boot
15 10 (1.77%) PySpark
16 9 (1.59%) CSS
16 9 (1.59%) OAuth
16 9 (1.59%) PyMC3
16 9 (1.59%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 191 (33.75%) Algorithms
2 84 (14.84%) Analytical Skills
3 25 (4.42%) Credit Risk
4 22 (3.89%) Derivative
4 22 (3.89%) Self-Motivation
5 21 (3.71%) Hedge funds
6 20 (3.53%) Market Risk
6 20 (3.53%) Robotics
7 18 (3.18%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
8 13 (2.30%) Internet of Things
8 13 (2.30%) Renewable Energy
9 12 (2.12%) Management Information System
9 12 (2.12%) PKI
10 11 (1.94%) Embedded Systems
10 11 (1.94%) Greenfield Project
10 11 (1.94%) VHDL
11 10 (1.77%) Data Structures
11 10 (1.77%) Verilog
12 9 (1.59%) Equities
12 9 (1.59%) PMI
Operating Systems
1 48 (8.48%) Linux
2 11 (1.94%) Unix
3 9 (1.59%) Kali Linux
4 7 (1.24%) VMS
5 5 (0.88%) Embedded Linux
6 3 (0.53%) Android
6 3 (0.53%) Debian
6 3 (0.53%) Fedora
6 3 (0.53%) Robot Operating System
6 3 (0.53%) Ubuntu
6 3 (0.53%) Windows
7 1 (0.18%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 307 (54.24%) Data Science
2 257 (45.41%) Machine Learning
3 256 (45.23%) Mathematics
4 236 (41.70%) Computer Science
5 160 (28.27%) Analytics
6 154 (27.21%) Agile Software Development
7 146 (25.80%) Artificial Intelligence
8 135 (23.85%) Statistics
9 105 (18.55%) Software Engineering
10 101 (17.84%) Physics
11 100 (17.67%) Deep Learning
12 94 (16.61%) Data Analysis
13 79 (13.96%) SDLC
14 69 (12.19%) Problem-Solving
15 62 (10.95%) Innovative Thinking
15 62 (10.95%) Threat Modelling
16 58 (10.25%) Visualisation
17 55 (9.72%) Software Architecture
18 50 (8.83%) TOGAF
19 41 (7.24%) Neural Network
Programming Languages
1 361 (63.78%) Python
2 150 (26.50%) C++
3 108 (19.08%) SQL
4 100 (17.67%) Java
5 99 (17.49%) R
6 56 (9.89%) MATLAB
7 53 (9.36%) C
8 44 (7.77%) C#
9 41 (7.24%) JavaScript
10 33 (5.83%) Scala
11 29 (5.12%) Go
12 14 (2.47%) Julia
13 12 (2.12%) Rust
14 9 (1.59%) TypeScript
15 6 (1.06%) Bash Shell
15 6 (1.06%) SPARQL
16 5 (0.88%) Ruby
17 4 (0.71%) PHP
18 3 (0.53%) Assembly Language
18 3 (0.53%) Perl
Qualifications
1 192 (33.92%) Degree
2 65 (11.48%) Master's Degree
3 26 (4.59%) Computer Science Degree
4 17 (3.00%) Numerate Degree
5 9 (1.59%) PMI Certification
6 8 (1.41%) MBA
7 7 (1.24%) ISTQB
8 6 (1.06%) DBS Check
9 5 (0.88%) Postgraduate
10 4 (0.71%) CISSP
10 4 (0.71%) Security Cleared
11 3 (0.53%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 3 (0.53%) CEH
11 3 (0.53%) Cisco Certification
11 3 (0.53%) CSSLP
11 3 (0.53%) GWAPT
11 3 (0.53%) ISSAP
11 3 (0.53%) ISSEP
12 2 (0.35%) CFA
12 2 (0.35%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (1.77%) QA
2 8 (1.41%) MiFID
3 7 (1.24%) EMIR
4 6 (1.06%) Dodd-Frank
5 5 (0.88%) COBIT
5 5 (0.88%) NIST
6 3 (0.53%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.35%) Basel II
7 2 (0.35%) Basel III
8 1 (0.18%) Actionable Recommendations
8 1 (0.18%) PMO
System Software
1 27 (4.77%) Docker
2 8 (1.41%) Firmware
3 1 (0.18%) Apache Flume
3 1 (0.18%) Lustre
3 1 (0.18%) oVirt
Systems Management
1 33 (5.83%) Kubernetes
2 10 (1.77%) Terraform
3 9 (1.59%) Nessus
3 9 (1.59%) Nmap
3 9 (1.59%) Sysdig
4 6 (1.06%) Istio
5 3 (0.53%) Consul
6 2 (0.35%) Ansible
7 1 (0.18%) Grafana
7 1 (0.18%) Kibana
7 1 (0.18%) Knative
Vendors
1 48 (8.48%) Google
2 23 (4.06%) Tableau
3 21 (3.71%) Oracle
4 9 (1.59%) Qualys
4 9 (1.59%) Sybase
5 7 (1.24%) Alteryx
5 7 (1.24%) SAP
6 6 (1.06%) Microsoft
6 6 (1.06%) Xilinx
7 4 (0.71%) Sage
7 4 (0.71%) Yahoo!
8 3 (0.53%) Databricks
8 3 (0.53%) Salesforce.com
8 3 (0.53%) Teradata
9 2 (0.35%) Facebook
9 2 (0.35%) Foundry
9 2 (0.35%) MicroStrategy
9 2 (0.35%) Palantir
9 2 (0.35%) YouTube
10 1 (0.18%) Mellanox