Period
to 11 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 11 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK > England
6 months to
11 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 408 478 427
Rank change year-on-year +70 -51 -103
Permanent jobs citing PhD 524 504 987
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.67% 0.55% 0.73%
As % of the Qualifications category 3.25% 2.56% 2.91%
Number of salaries quoted 290 335 731
10th Percentile £39,133 £37,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £47,500 £52,500 £40,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £70,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year -7.14% +16.67% +9.09%
75th Percentile £86,250 £93,375 £82,500
90th Percentile £110,000 £112,500 £100,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £67,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year -3.70% +12.50% +9.09%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 16,144 19,726 33,900
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 20.62% 21.57% 24.97%
Number of salaries quoted 11,066 14,878 24,679
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,750 £26,500
25th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £69,000 £67,500
90th Percentile £86,250 £85,000 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +4.17%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in England

PhD
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing PhD in England.

Salary trend for PhD in England

PhD
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 11 May 2021.

Salary histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the England region over the 6 months to 11 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +12 232 £80,000 +6.67% 66
North of England +58 85 £70,000 +91.42% 30
East of England +44 75 £40,000 -33.33% 41
South West +29 65 £61,250 +47.59% 19
Yorkshire +42 62 £70,000 +40.00% 6
South East +22 50 £50,000 -16.67% 54
North West +28 23 £50,000 +30.60% 20
Midlands -18 12 £25,198 -56.18% 23
East Midlands -9 9 £25,198 -49.60% 14
West Midlands -6 3 - - 7
PhD
UK

For the 6 months to 11 May 2021, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for PhD.

1 324 (61.83%) Python
2 225 (42.94%) Machine Learning
3 195 (37.21%) Degree
4 186 (35.50%) Mathematics
5 182 (34.73%) Data Science
6 178 (33.97%) Algorithms
7 175 (33.40%) Computer Science
8 172 (32.82%) Social Skills
9 144 (27.48%) Artificial Intelligence
10 115 (21.95%) C++
10 115 (21.95%) Deep Learning
11 113 (21.56%) Software Engineering
12 101 (19.27%) Agile Software Development
13 100 (19.08%) Finance
14 99 (18.89%) Physics
15 93 (17.75%) TensorFlow
16 89 (16.98%) Analytics
17 88 (16.79%) Natural Language Processing
18 87 (16.60%) Statistics
19 86 (16.41%) SQL
20 80 (15.27%) Computer Vision
21 78 (14.89%) MATLAB
22 75 (14.31%) C
23 72 (13.74%) Java
23 72 (13.74%) Presentation Skills
24 70 (13.36%) PyTorch
25 69 (13.17%) R
26 68 (12.98%) Analytical Skills
26 68 (12.98%) Docker
26 68 (12.98%) Problem-Solving

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (4.01%) Apache Spark
2 17 (3.24%) SAS
3 15 (2.86%) CMS
4 12 (2.29%) Jupyter
5 7 (1.34%) Apache
6 6 (1.15%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 4 (0.76%) Elasticsearch
8 2 (0.38%) Apache Airflow
8 2 (0.38%) Apache Pig
8 2 (0.38%) Confluence
8 2 (0.38%) SugarCRM
9 1 (0.19%) OpenStack
Applications
1 35 (6.68%) Simulink
2 34 (6.49%) Stateflow
3 25 (4.77%) SOLIDWORKS
4 7 (1.34%) Microsoft Excel
5 6 (1.15%) Microsoft Office
6 5 (0.95%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 4 (0.76%) Zemax
Business Applications
1 15 (2.86%) SAP S/4HANA
2 9 (1.72%) FINCAD Analytics
3 3 (0.57%) Primavera
3 3 (0.57%) SAP BPC
3 3 (0.57%) SAP IBP
4 2 (0.38%) Summit
5 1 (0.19%) Oracle HRMS
Cloud Services
1 43 (8.21%) AWS
2 42 (8.02%) GCP
3 31 (5.92%) Azure
4 10 (1.91%) GitHub
5 7 (1.34%) Cloud Computing
6 5 (0.95%) Amazon S3
6 5 (0.95%) Serverless
7 3 (0.57%) Amazon SageMaker
7 3 (0.57%) AWS Lambda
7 3 (0.57%) SaaS
7 3 (0.57%) Slack
8 2 (0.38%) Amazon EC2
8 2 (0.38%) Amazon ECS
8 2 (0.38%) AWS Fargate
8 2 (0.38%) Cloud Functions
8 2 (0.38%) Firebase
8 2 (0.38%) Oracle CX
8 2 (0.38%) PaaS
8 2 (0.38%) Power Platform
9 1 (0.19%) Akamai
Communications & Networking
1 60 (11.45%) Wireless
2 32 (6.11%) DVB
2 32 (6.11%) MIMO
2 32 (6.11%) Wi-Fi
3 7 (1.34%) Internet
4 5 (0.95%) Network Security
5 4 (0.76%) NAS
6 2 (0.38%) GSM
6 2 (0.38%) Software-Defined Radio
7 1 (0.19%) 5G
7 1 (0.19%) Broadband
7 1 (0.19%) Ethernet
7 1 (0.19%) Firewall
7 1 (0.19%) TCP/IP
7 1 (0.19%) VSAT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 60 (11.45%) Big Data
2 23 (4.39%) PostgreSQL
3 22 (4.20%) Hadoop
4 21 (4.01%) Data Mining
5 19 (3.63%) NoSQL
6 16 (3.05%) Redis
7 14 (2.67%) Tableau
8 13 (2.48%) Data Warehouse
9 12 (2.29%) Relational Database
10 10 (1.91%) SQL Server
11 9 (1.72%) Electronic Patient Records
12 7 (1.34%) MongoDB
12 7 (1.34%) MySQL
13 6 (1.15%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
14 5 (0.95%) BigQuery
15 4 (0.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 4 (0.76%) Blockchain
15 4 (0.76%) Flink
16 3 (0.57%) Impala
16 3 (0.57%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 26 (4.96%) Git (software)
2 16 (3.05%) GitLab
3 10 (1.91%) Maven
4 7 (1.34%) webpack
5 6 (1.15%) gulp
6 5 (0.95%) JIRA
6 5 (0.95%) Subversion
7 4 (0.76%) Bitbucket
7 4 (0.76%) LabVIEW
8 3 (0.57%) Jenkins
8 3 (0.57%) Storybook
8 3 (0.57%) Travis CI
9 1 (0.19%) Babel
9 1 (0.19%) CircleCI
9 1 (0.19%) CMake
9 1 (0.19%) Cypress.io
9 1 (0.19%) MLflow
9 1 (0.19%) Rational DOORS
General
1 172 (32.82%) Social Skills
2 100 (19.08%) Finance
3 72 (13.74%) Presentation Skills
4 68 (12.98%) Analytical Skills
5 51 (9.73%) Telecoms
6 46 (8.78%) Manufacturing
7 36 (6.87%) Marketing
8 34 (6.49%) Games
9 33 (6.30%) Law
10 21 (4.01%) Pharmaceutical
10 21 (4.01%) Retail
11 19 (3.63%) Advertising
12 18 (3.44%) Electronics
13 16 (3.05%) Legal
14 13 (2.48%) Organisational Skills
15 12 (2.29%) Banking
16 9 (1.72%) Financial Institution
17 5 (0.95%) French Language
17 5 (0.95%) Influencing Skills
18 4 (0.76%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 104 (19.85%) Data Scientist
2 55 (10.50%) Developer
3 36 (6.87%) Algorithm Engineer
3 36 (6.87%) Software Engineer
4 32 (6.11%) DSP Algorithm Engineer
4 32 (6.11%) DSP Engineer
4 32 (6.11%) Senior Algorithm Engineer
4 32 (6.11%) Senior Data Scientist
4 32 (6.11%) Senior DSP Engineer
4 32 (6.11%) Wireless Engineer
5 30 (5.73%) Systems Engineer
6 27 (5.15%) Design Engineer
7 26 (4.96%) Consultant
8 25 (4.77%) Computer Engineer
8 25 (4.77%) Computer Vision Engineer
8 25 (4.77%) Mechanical Design Engineer
8 25 (4.77%) Mechanical Engineer
8 25 (4.77%) Radio Design Engineer
8 25 (4.77%) Radio Engineer
8 25 (4.77%) Telecoms Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 93 (17.75%) TensorFlow
2 70 (13.36%) PyTorch
3 45 (8.59%) NumPy
4 43 (8.21%) scikit-learn
5 36 (6.87%) REST
6 29 (5.53%) OpenCV
7 26 (4.96%) Keras
8 22 (4.20%) SciPy
9 21 (4.01%) Node.js
10 19 (3.63%) Pandas
10 19 (3.63%) React
11 17 (3.24%) Web Services
12 16 (3.05%) Django
12 16 (3.05%) Torch
13 15 (2.86%) AngularJS
13 15 (2.86%) Celery
14 13 (2.48%) CSS
15 12 (2.29%) Vue.js
16 10 (1.91%) .NET
17 9 (1.72%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 178 (33.97%) Algorithms
2 44 (8.40%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
3 34 (6.49%) Enterprise Software
4 29 (5.53%) Robotics
5 27 (5.15%) Life Science
6 25 (4.77%) ASTM
7 22 (4.20%) Blog
7 22 (4.20%) Hedge funds
7 22 (4.20%) User Experience
8 16 (3.05%) Cyberattack
9 15 (2.86%) Management Information System
10 14 (2.67%) Self-Motivation
11 11 (2.10%) Biotechnology
11 11 (2.10%) Equities
11 11 (2.10%) Greenfield Project
11 11 (2.10%) Virtual Team
12 10 (1.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 9 (1.72%) Exotic Derivative
13 9 (1.72%) Market Risk
14 8 (1.53%) Marketing Technology
Operating Systems
1 30 (5.73%) Linux
2 5 (0.95%) Android
2 5 (0.95%) Windows
3 4 (0.76%) Unix
3 4 (0.76%) VxWorks
4 1 (0.19%) Apple iOS
4 1 (0.19%) Windows Phone
4 1 (0.19%) Windows Phone 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 225 (42.94%) Machine Learning
2 186 (35.50%) Mathematics
3 182 (34.73%) Data Science
4 175 (33.40%) Computer Science
5 144 (27.48%) Artificial Intelligence
6 115 (21.95%) Deep Learning
7 113 (21.56%) Software Engineering
8 101 (19.27%) Agile Software Development
9 99 (18.89%) Physics
10 89 (16.98%) Analytics
11 88 (16.79%) Natural Language Processing
12 87 (16.60%) Statistics
13 80 (15.27%) Computer Vision
14 68 (12.98%) Problem-Solving
15 67 (12.79%) Neural Network
16 64 (12.21%) Signal Processing
17 51 (9.73%) Validation
18 47 (8.97%) Stakeholder Management
19 46 (8.78%) Collaborative Working
20 45 (8.59%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 324 (61.83%) Python
2 115 (21.95%) C++
3 86 (16.41%) SQL
4 78 (14.89%) MATLAB
5 75 (14.31%) C
6 72 (13.74%) Java
7 69 (13.17%) R
8 39 (7.44%) JavaScript
9 28 (5.34%) C#
10 20 (3.82%) Cython
11 16 (3.05%) TypeScript
12 15 (2.86%) Go
13 10 (1.91%) Java 8
14 8 (1.53%) Scala
15 7 (1.34%) Julia
16 4 (0.76%) Bash Shell
16 4 (0.76%) Ruby
16 4 (0.76%) Rust
17 3 (0.57%) ES6
17 3 (0.57%) PHP
Qualifications
1 195 (37.21%) Degree
2 57 (10.88%) Master's Degree
3 20 (3.82%) Computer Science Degree
4 19 (3.63%) Numerate Degree
5 18 (3.44%) Security Cleared
6 12 (2.29%) DV Cleared
7 9 (1.72%) Postgraduate
8 7 (1.34%) PMI Certification
9 6 (1.15%) DBS Check
9 6 (1.15%) SC Cleared
10 5 (0.95%) MPhil
10 5 (0.95%) PMP
11 2 (0.38%) Chartered Engineer
12 1 (0.19%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (2.10%) QA
2 9 (1.72%) Dodd-Frank
2 9 (1.72%) EMIR
2 9 (1.72%) MiFID
3 3 (0.57%) DICOM
4 2 (0.38%) Def Stans
4 2 (0.38%) GDPR
4 2 (0.38%) HAZOP
4 2 (0.38%) IEC 61508
4 2 (0.38%) IEC 62304
4 2 (0.38%) ISO 13485
4 2 (0.38%) ISO 26262
5 1 (0.19%) Data Quality
System Software
1 68 (12.98%) Docker
2 41 (7.82%) Firmware
3 1 (0.19%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 35 (6.68%) Kubernetes
2 20 (3.82%) Ansible
3 8 (1.53%) FlexNet
3 8 (1.53%) Terraform
4 3 (0.57%) Docker Swarm
5 1 (0.19%) AirWatch
5 1 (0.19%) HAProxy
5 1 (0.19%) Puppet
Vendors
1 33 (6.30%) ANSYS
1 33 (6.30%) IBM
2 23 (4.39%) SAP
3 19 (3.63%) Yahoo!
4 12 (2.29%) Google
5 8 (1.53%) Bloomberg
6 6 (1.15%) Adobe
6 6 (1.15%) Marketo
6 6 (1.15%) Oracle
6 6 (1.15%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
6 6 (1.15%) Salesforce.com
7 5 (0.95%) Microsoft
8 4 (0.76%) Sun
9 3 (0.57%) Ariba
9 3 (0.57%) Autodesk
10 2 (0.38%) Agilent
10 2 (0.38%) Canon
10 2 (0.38%) Databricks
10 2 (0.38%) Facebook
10 2 (0.38%) Instagram