The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 3 months to 27 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

COBOL
England / London
3 months to
27 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 409 394 390
Rank change year-on-year -15 -4  
Contract jobs citing COBOL 15 33 44
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.072% 0.15% 0.19%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.15% 0.35% 0.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 9 16 29
Median daily rate £450 £388 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +16.12% -8.82%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £278 £240 £318
10% offered a daily rate of more than £505 £550 £555
UK excluding London median daily rate £374 £381 £370
% change year-on-year -2.03% +3.04%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 1
Median hourly rate £31.00 - £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.00 £25.00 -
% change year-on-year +28.00% -  

COBOL is in the programming language skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for programming language skills.

Contract Programming Language Skills
London
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills 9962 9471 9705
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London 47.86% 43.49% 42.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 7355 7221 7107
Median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.55%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £350 £325 £310
10% offered a daily rate of more than £650 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.66% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 76 39 83
Median hourly rate £32.50 £40.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.75% +14.28%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £19.82 £14.95 £18.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.83 £113.00 £52.55
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £37.50 £37.00
% change year-on-year +13.33% +1.35%  

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in London citing COBOL as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Programming Languages category.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in London

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing COBOL in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for COBOL in London

COBOL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL in London over the 3 months to 27 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for COBOL in London

COBOL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for COBOL in London

COBOL
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the London region over the 3 months to 27 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London -3 2 - -
Romford - 1 - -
COBOL
England

For the 6 months to 27 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for COBOL.

1 12 (48.00%) Finance
2 10 (40.00%) DB2
2 10 (40.00%) Mainframe
3 9 (36.00%) Java
4 7 (28.00%) Agile Software Development
5 6 (24.00%) Banking
5 6 (24.00%) IBM
5 6 (24.00%) CICS
5 6 (24.00%) .NET
6 5 (20.00%) SQL
6 5 (20.00%) ITIL
6 5 (20.00%) IBM Mainframe
7 4 (16.00%) JCL
7 4 (16.00%) VSAM
7 4 (16.00%) Analytical Skills
8 3 (12.00%) Time Sharing Option
8 3 (12.00%) Defect Management
8 3 (12.00%) DevOps
8 3 (12.00%) Apple iOS
8 3 (12.00%) ITIL V3
8 3 (12.00%) Test Strategy
8 3 (12.00%) Capacity Management
8 3 (12.00%) Service Design
8 3 (12.00%) HP UFT
8 3 (12.00%) REXX
8 3 (12.00%) Toad
8 3 (12.00%) Python
8 3 (12.00%) Oracle
8 3 (12.00%) Unix
8 3 (12.00%) Windows

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (24.00%) CICS
2 1 (4.00%) Apache
2 1 (4.00%) Apache Pig
2 1 (4.00%) Tuxedo
2 1 (4.00%) WebLogic
Applications
1 2 (8.00%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (8.00%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (4.00%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 1 (4.00%) Dynamics AX
Communications & Networking
1 3 (12.00%) Network Security
2 2 (8.00%) SMS
3 1 (4.00%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 10 (40.00%) DB2
2 2 (8.00%) Big Data
2 2 (8.00%) RDBMS
2 2 (8.00%) Relational Database
3 1 (4.00%) Adabas
3 1 (4.00%) Apache Hive
3 1 (4.00%) Cloudera CDH
3 1 (4.00%) Hadoop
3 1 (4.00%) HBase
3 1 (4.00%) Impala
3 1 (4.00%) MS Access
3 1 (4.00%) SQLite
3 1 (4.00%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 3 (12.00%) HP UFT
1 3 (12.00%) Toad
2 1 (4.00%) Jenkins
2 1 (4.00%) PowerBuilder
2 1 (4.00%) Selenium
2 1 (4.00%) TeamCity
General
1 12 (48.00%) Finance
2 6 (24.00%) Banking
3 3 (12.00%) Telecoms
4 1 (4.00%) Danish Language
4 1 (4.00%) Retail
4 1 (4.00%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 7 (28.00%) Analyst
1 7 (28.00%) Developer
2 4 (16.00%) COBOL Developer
2 4 (16.00%) Consultant
2 4 (16.00%) Test Analyst
3 3 (12.00%) Architect
3 3 (12.00%) Mainframe Analyst
3 3 (12.00%) Mainframe Developer
3 3 (12.00%) Mainframe Test Analyst
3 3 (12.00%) Solutions Architect
4 2 (8.00%) DevOps Developer
4 2 (8.00%) Java Developer
4 2 (8.00%) Lead Security Consultant
4 2 (8.00%) Programmer
4 2 (8.00%) Security Consultant
4 2 (8.00%) Test Consultant
5 1 (4.00%) Administrator
5 1 (4.00%) Development Team Leader
5 1 (4.00%) Java Team Leader
5 1 (4.00%) Team Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6 (24.00%) .NET
2 3 (12.00%) .NET Framework
2 3 (12.00%) ISPF
3 2 (8.00%) ASP.NET
3 2 (8.00%) J2EE
3 2 (8.00%) Java EE
3 2 (8.00%) RESTful
4 1 (4.00%) CSS
4 1 (4.00%) CSS3
4 1 (4.00%) EJB
4 1 (4.00%) HTML
4 1 (4.00%) HTML5
4 1 (4.00%) JSP
4 1 (4.00%) PySpark
4 1 (4.00%) REST
4 1 (4.00%) scikit-learn
4 1 (4.00%) Servlets
4 1 (4.00%) SOAP
4 1 (4.00%) Spring Integration
4 1 (4.00%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 10 (40.00%) Mainframe
2 5 (20.00%) IBM Mainframe
3 4 (16.00%) Analytical Skills
3 4 (16.00%) VSAM
4 2 (8.00%) Blackberry
4 2 (8.00%) Computer Science
5 1 (4.00%) Client/Server
5 1 (4.00%) Data Centre
5 1 (4.00%) Management Information System
5 1 (4.00%) Mobile Banking
5 1 (4.00%) User Experience
5 1 (4.00%) VAX
Operating Systems
1 3 (12.00%) Android
1 3 (12.00%) Apple iOS
1 3 (12.00%) Unix
1 3 (12.00%) Windows
2 2 (8.00%) Linux
2 2 (8.00%) Mac OS X
3 1 (4.00%) VME
3 1 (4.00%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 7 (28.00%) Agile Software Development
2 5 (20.00%) ITIL
3 3 (12.00%) Capacity Management
3 3 (12.00%) Defect Management
3 3 (12.00%) DevOps
3 3 (12.00%) ITIL V3
3 3 (12.00%) Migration
3 3 (12.00%) Project Management
3 3 (12.00%) Scrum
3 3 (12.00%) Service Design
3 3 (12.00%) Test Strategy
4 2 (8.00%) Data Management
4 2 (8.00%) Database Security
4 2 (8.00%) ITSM
4 2 (8.00%) Penetration Testing
4 2 (8.00%) Reverse Engineering
4 2 (8.00%) Secure Coding
4 2 (8.00%) Software Testing
4 2 (8.00%) Source Code Analysis
4 2 (8.00%) Systems Analysis
Programming Languages
1 9 (36.00%) Java
2 5 (20.00%) SQL
3 4 (16.00%) JCL
4 3 (12.00%) JavaScript
4 3 (12.00%) Python
4 3 (12.00%) REXX
5 2 (8.00%) C
5 2 (8.00%) C++
5 2 (8.00%) Perl
5 2 (8.00%) PHP
5 2 (8.00%) Ruby
6 1 (4.00%) C#
6 1 (4.00%) PL/1
6 1 (4.00%) R
6 1 (4.00%) Scala
6 1 (4.00%) VB
Qualifications
1 1 (4.00%) CTC Cleared
1 1 (4.00%) Degree
1 1 (4.00%) SC Cleared
1 1 (4.00%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (4.00%) QA
System Software
1 3 (12.00%) Time Sharing Option
2 1 (4.00%) Apache Flume
2 1 (4.00%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 1 (4.00%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 1 (4.00%) Control-M
1 1 (4.00%) Hadoop YARN
1 1 (4.00%) Oozie
1 1 (4.00%) Puppet
Vendors
1 6 (24.00%) IBM
2 3 (12.00%) Oracle
3 2 (8.00%) Microsoft
3 2 (8.00%) Synopsys
4 1 (4.00%) Cloudera
4 1 (4.00%) HP
4 1 (4.00%) Informatica
4 1 (4.00%) JD Edwards
4 1 (4.00%) Palantir
4 1 (4.00%) SaltStack
4 1 (4.00%) ServiceNow
4 1 (4.00%) Solace