Period
to 31 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Front End Development skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Front End Development over the 6 months to 31 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Front End Development (Client-Side Development)
England > London
6 months to
31 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 111 81 67
Rank change year-on-year -30 -14 +1
Contract jobs citing Front End Development 726 498 1,558
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.40% 3.16% 3.88%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.63% 3.52% 4.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 581 388 1,199
10th Percentile £350 £350 £363
25th Percentile £413 £455 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £550 £500
Median % change year-on-year -9.09% +10.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £600 £625 £575
90th Percentile £675 £750 £625
England median daily rate £475 £500 £475
% change year-on-year -5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 2 3
10th Percentile £49.23 " £15.00
25th Percentile £59.69 £22.50 £22.13
Median hourly rate £68.00 £25.00 £37.00
Median % change year-on-year +172.00% -32.43% -
75th Percentile £72.50 £27.50 £45.00
90th Percentile £77.00 " £48.00
England median hourly rate £56.50 £25.00 £43.50
% change year-on-year +126.00% -42.53% +163.64%

Front End Development is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 27,554 14,141 35,942
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 91.00% 89.82% 89.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,675 10,149 26,150
10th Percentile £363 £325 £338
25th Percentile £450 £425 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £525 £520
Median % change year-on-year +2.86% +0.96% +4.00%
75th Percentile £639 £625 £600
90th Percentile £725 £713 £688
England median daily rate £500 £488 £475
% change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 280 167 387
10th Percentile £15.66 £14.80 £12.00
25th Percentile £20.75 £20.50 £15.02
Median hourly rate £33.18 £35.93 £22.00
Median % change year-on-year -7.65% +63.30% +2.33%
75th Percentile £51.50 £47.75 £40.00
90th Percentile £66.50 £61.10 £53.00
England median hourly rate £22.81 £25.00 £22.93
% change year-on-year -8.76% +9.03% +14.65%

Front End Development
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Front End Development as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Front End Development in London

Front End Development
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Front End Development in London.

Daily rate trend for Front End Development in London

Front End Development
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Front End Development in London over the 6 months to 31 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Front End Development in London

Front End Development
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Front End Development in London.

Hourly rate trend for Front End Development in London

Front End Development
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Front End Development in London over the 6 months to 31 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Front End Development in London

Front End Development
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Front End Development within the London region over the 6 months to 31 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +2 85 £500 -4.76% 139
West London -6 10 £615 +44.71% 37
North London +5 1 £375 -16.67% 7
East London -2 1 £590 +12.38% 38
South London -10 1 £500 -4.76% 7
Front End Development
England

For the 6 months to 31 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Front End Development also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Front End Development.

1 457 (62.95%) JavaScript
2 398 (54.82%) HTML
3 390 (53.72%) React
4 379 (52.20%) CSS
5 307 (42.29%) Agile Software Development
6 239 (32.92%) AngularJS
7 183 (25.21%) TypeScript
8 158 (21.76%) HTML5
9 157 (21.63%) User Experience
10 138 (19.01%) TDD
11 137 (18.87%) Node.js
12 134 (18.46%) Redux
13 124 (17.08%) Git (software)
14 116 (15.98%) DevOps
15 106 (14.60%) Finance
16 99 (13.64%) Full Stack Development
17 95 (13.09%) Test Automation
18 92 (12.67%) Azure
18 92 (12.67%) Software Engineering
19 91 (12.53%) Sass
20 90 (12.40%) Microservices
21 88 (12.12%) Java
21 88 (12.12%) SQL
22 85 (11.71%) CSS3
23 78 (10.74%) Banking
24 75 (10.33%) .NET
24 75 (10.33%) AWS
25 73 (10.06%) REST
25 73 (10.06%) Vue.js
26 70 (9.64%) Jest

Front End Development
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (5.51%) CMS
2 14 (1.93%) Adobe Experience Manager
3 12 (1.65%) Tomcat
4 10 (1.38%) Confluence
5 9 (1.24%) Elasticsearch
5 9 (1.24%) SharePoint
6 8 (1.10%) JBoss
7 7 (0.96%) Drupal
8 6 (0.83%) Apache Spark
8 6 (0.83%) Headless CMS
9 4 (0.55%) Umbraco
9 4 (0.55%) WordPress
10 3 (0.41%) Cloud Foundry
10 3 (0.41%) Mule
10 3 (0.41%) SharePoint 2013
11 2 (0.28%) Apache
11 2 (0.28%) EPiServer
11 2 (0.28%) nginx
11 2 (0.28%) Oracle Coherence
11 2 (0.28%) WebLogic
Applications
1 8 (1.10%) Photoshop
2 7 (0.96%) Adobe XD
3 6 (0.83%) Adobe Illustrator
4 5 (0.69%) Figma
4 5 (0.69%) Sketch
5 2 (0.28%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 2 (0.28%) GIMP
5 2 (0.28%) InVision
6 1 (0.14%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.14%) Flinto
6 1 (0.14%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 9 (1.24%) Shopify
2 8 (1.10%) Magento
3 2 (0.28%) SAP CRM
4 1 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.14%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 92 (12.67%) Azure
2 75 (10.33%) AWS
3 55 (7.58%) npm
4 28 (3.86%) Serverless
5 18 (2.48%) GCP
6 17 (2.34%) GitHub
7 13 (1.79%) SaaS
8 9 (1.24%) AWS Lambda
8 9 (1.24%) PaaS
9 8 (1.10%) IaaS
10 7 (0.96%) Azure Logic Apps
10 7 (0.96%) Azure Service Bus
11 6 (0.83%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 5 (0.69%) Heroku
12 5 (0.69%) Yarn
13 4 (0.55%) Amazon SQS
13 4 (0.55%) Azure Event Grid
13 4 (0.55%) OpenShift
14 3 (0.41%) AWS IoT
14 3 (0.41%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 11 (1.52%) HTTPS
2 7 (0.96%) Internet
3 5 (0.69%) HTTP
4 4 (0.55%) AMQP
5 3 (0.41%) Intranet
6 2 (0.28%) Broadband
7 1 (0.14%) Bluetooth
Database & Business Intelligence
1 36 (4.96%) SQL Server
2 24 (3.31%) Relational Database
3 19 (2.62%) MongoDB
4 18 (2.48%) MySQL
5 17 (2.34%) PostgreSQL
6 14 (1.93%) NoSQL
7 11 (1.52%) Big Data
8 9 (1.24%) Data Warehouse
9 8 (1.10%) Apache Hive
10 7 (0.96%) Tableau
11 6 (0.83%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
11 6 (0.83%) Parquet
11 6 (0.83%) RDBMS
12 5 (0.69%) Azure SQL Database
12 5 (0.69%) Redis
13 4 (0.55%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 4 (0.55%) Qlik Sense
14 3 (0.41%) Apache Cassandra
14 3 (0.41%) ArangoDB
14 3 (0.41%) Jackrabbit
Development Applications
1 124 (17.08%) Git (software)
2 68 (9.37%) Jenkins
3 54 (7.44%) webpack
4 42 (5.79%) Jasmine
5 41 (5.65%) Cypress.io
6 38 (5.23%) JIRA
7 31 (4.27%) Grunt
8 28 (3.86%) gulp
9 24 (3.31%) Maven
10 21 (2.89%) Cucumber
10 21 (2.89%) Karma Test Runner
11 20 (2.75%) Mocha
12 19 (2.62%) Storybook
13 18 (2.48%) Selenium
14 15 (2.07%) TeamCity
15 11 (1.52%) Subversion
16 10 (1.38%) Artifactory
16 10 (1.38%) Protractor
17 9 (1.24%) Babel
17 9 (1.24%) Bitbucket
General
1 106 (14.60%) Finance
2 78 (10.74%) Banking
3 69 (9.50%) Social Skills
4 51 (7.02%) Analytical Skills
5 33 (4.55%) Investment Banking
6 22 (3.03%) Public Sector
6 22 (3.03%) Telecoms
7 20 (2.75%) Front Office
8 19 (2.62%) Presentation Skills
9 14 (1.93%) Retail
10 13 (1.79%) Marketing
11 12 (1.65%) Manufacturing
12 9 (1.24%) Documentation Skills
13 8 (1.10%) Law
14 6 (0.83%) Games
14 6 (0.83%) Police
14 6 (0.83%) Publishing
15 4 (0.55%) Electronics
15 4 (0.55%) Influencing Skills
15 4 (0.55%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 626 (86.23%) Developer
2 353 (48.62%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 153 (21.07%) React Developer
4 117 (16.12%) Senior Developer
5 109 (15.01%) Angular Developer
6 79 (10.88%) Senior Front-End Developer
7 67 (9.23%) JavaScript Developer
8 47 (6.47%) Full Stack Developer
9 35 (4.82%) Senior React Developer
10 28 (3.86%) C# Developer
10 28 (3.86%) Designer
10 28 (3.86%) UI Developer
11 27 (3.72%) Java Developer
12 22 (3.03%) C# Developer - Investment Banking
13 21 (2.89%) SQL Developer
14 20 (2.75%) HTML Developer
15 19 (2.62%) .NET Developer
15 19 (2.62%) Oracle Developer
16 13 (1.79%) Electronic Trading Developer
16 13 (1.79%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 398 (54.82%) HTML
2 390 (53.72%) React
3 379 (52.20%) CSS
4 239 (32.92%) AngularJS
5 158 (21.76%) HTML5
6 137 (18.87%) Node.js
7 134 (18.46%) Redux
8 91 (12.53%) Sass
9 85 (11.71%) CSS3
10 75 (10.33%) .NET
11 73 (10.06%) REST
11 73 (10.06%) Vue.js
12 70 (9.64%) Jest
13 55 (7.58%) RESTful
14 50 (6.89%) Spring
15 48 (6.61%) JSON
16 40 (5.51%) GraphQL
17 39 (5.37%) jQuery
18 36 (4.96%) .NET Core
18 36 (4.96%) RxJS
Miscellaneous
1 157 (21.63%) User Experience
2 65 (8.95%) Greenfield Project
3 24 (3.31%) Mobile App
4 21 (2.89%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 14 (1.93%) Cloud Native
6 12 (1.65%) Enterprise Software
7 11 (1.52%) Fixed Income
8 10 (1.38%) Data Protection Act
9 9 (1.24%) Derivative
9 9 (1.24%) Wiki
10 8 (1.10%) Self-Motivation
11 7 (0.96%) Private Cloud
12 6 (0.83%) Algorithms
12 6 (0.83%) Data Structures
12 6 (0.83%) Legacy Applications
13 5 (0.69%) Market Risk
13 5 (0.69%) Media Streaming
14 4 (0.55%) Graphic Design
14 4 (0.55%) Reference Data
14 4 (0.55%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 48 (6.61%) Unix
2 42 (5.79%) Linux
3 13 (1.79%) Mac OS
4 12 (1.65%) Android
5 7 (0.96%) Apple iOS
6 6 (0.83%) Windows
7 3 (0.41%) Windows Server 2019
8 1 (0.14%) Debian
8 1 (0.14%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.14%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 307 (42.29%) Agile Software Development
2 138 (19.01%) TDD
3 116 (15.98%) DevOps
4 99 (13.64%) Full Stack Development
5 95 (13.09%) Test Automation
6 92 (12.67%) Software Engineering
7 90 (12.40%) Microservices
8 70 (9.64%) Continuous Integration
9 66 (9.09%) Scrum
10 60 (8.26%) BDD
10 60 (8.26%) Web Development
11 58 (7.99%) Unit Testing
12 45 (6.20%) Problem-Solving
13 39 (5.37%) OO
14 37 (5.10%) Test Strategy
15 34 (4.68%) Analytics
15 34 (4.68%) Continuous Improvement
16 31 (4.27%) E-Commerce
17 29 (3.99%) Responsive Web Design
18 26 (3.58%) Refactoring
Programming Languages
1 457 (62.95%) JavaScript
2 183 (25.21%) TypeScript
3 88 (12.12%) Java
3 88 (12.12%) SQL
4 67 (9.23%) C#
5 59 (8.13%) ES6
6 57 (7.85%) Python
7 28 (3.86%) PL/SQL
8 25 (3.44%) PHP
9 23 (3.17%) Bash Shell
10 18 (2.48%) Kotlin
11 14 (1.93%) Java 8
12 13 (1.79%) Go
13 10 (1.38%) Ruby
14 8 (1.10%) Scala
15 7 (0.96%) ES7
15 7 (0.96%) PowerShell
16 6 (0.83%) C++
17 5 (0.69%) T-SQL
18 4 (0.55%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 47 (6.47%) Degree
2 31 (4.27%) Security Cleared
3 27 (3.72%) SC Cleared
4 8 (1.10%) Numerate Degree
5 3 (0.41%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (0.41%) Master's Degree
6 2 (0.28%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.14%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 56 (7.71%) Accessibility
2 14 (1.93%) WCAG
3 13 (1.79%) QA
4 4 (0.55%) PMO
5 1 (0.14%) Actionable Recommendations
5 1 (0.14%) MiFID
5 1 (0.14%) Section 508
5 1 (0.14%) WAI
System Software
1 59 (8.13%) Docker
2 3 (0.41%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 2 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.14%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 28 (3.86%) Kubernetes
2 10 (1.38%) Kibana
3 9 (1.24%) Terraform
4 7 (0.96%) logstash
5 6 (0.83%) Ansible
5 6 (0.83%) Docker Swarm
5 6 (0.83%) Oozie
5 6 (0.83%) Single Sign-On
6 4 (0.55%) Grafana
7 3 (0.41%) Puppet
8 2 (0.28%) Opscode Chef
9 1 (0.14%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 35 (4.82%) Oracle
2 28 (3.86%) Adobe
3 20 (2.75%) Microsoft
4 15 (2.07%) Google
5 10 (1.38%) SAP
6 8 (1.10%) ESRI
6 8 (1.10%) Telerik
7 5 (0.69%) Salesforce.com
8 4 (0.55%) Optimizely
9 3 (0.41%) hybris
9 3 (0.41%) MuleSoft
9 3 (0.41%) Twitter
10 2 (0.28%) MEDITECH
10 2 (0.28%) Sitecore
10 2 (0.28%) VMware
11 1 (0.14%) Agilent
11 1 (0.14%) Apple
11 1 (0.14%) Atlassian
11 1 (0.14%) DevExpress
11 1 (0.14%) Elastic Path