Period
to 26 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Front End Development skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Front End Development over the 6 months to 26 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Front End Development (Client-Side Development)
England > London
6 months to
26 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 120 92 66
Rank change year-on-year -28 -26 -2
Contract jobs citing Front End Development 833 406 1,378
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.31% 2.84% 3.78%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.53% 3.19% 4.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 673 306 1,065
10th Percentile £363 £313 £363
25th Percentile £463 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £513
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -2.44% +2.50%
75th Percentile £660 £588 £575
90th Percentile £725 £650 £650
England median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 2 4
10th Percentile £67.36 " "
25th Percentile £68.35 £22.50 £25.00
Median hourly rate £70.00 £25.00 £30.75
Median % change year-on-year +180.00% -18.70% -7.52%
75th Percentile £75.05 £27.50 £42.31
90th Percentile £78.02 " £46.93
England median hourly rate £68.10 £25.00 £36.50
% change year-on-year +172.40% -31.51% +4.29%

Front End Development is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 32,956 12,738 32,402
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 91.35% 89.23% 88.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,840 9,178 23,737
10th Percentile £369 £320 £325
25th Percentile £463 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £505 £513
Median % change year-on-year +8.86% -1.41% +2.50%
75th Percentile £650 £615 £600
90th Percentile £738 £713 £688
England median daily rate £525 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.53% - +1.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 296 106 373
10th Percentile £15.37 £14.75 £12.04
25th Percentile £20.75 £20.00 £15.60
Median hourly rate £35.00 £34.33 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year +1.96% +52.57% +12.50%
75th Percentile £53.75 £42.75 £44.97
90th Percentile £67.25 £53.13 £52.90
England median hourly rate £24.29 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -2.86% +11.11% +12.50%

Front End Development
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Front End Development as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Front End Development in London

Front End Development
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Front End Development in London.

Daily rate trend for Front End Development in London

Front End Development
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Front End Development in London over the 6 months to 26 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Front End Development in London

Front End Development
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Front End Development in London.

Hourly rate trend for Front End Development in London

Front End Development
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Front End Development in London over the 6 months to 26 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Front End Development in London

Front End Development
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Front End Development within the London region over the 6 months to 26 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -26 87 £525 +5.00% 148
West London -7 16 £669 +67.25% 47
Front End Development
England

For the 6 months to 26 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Front End Development also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Front End Development.

1 558 (66.99%) JavaScript
2 500 (60.02%) React
3 411 (49.34%) HTML
4 395 (47.42%) CSS
5 342 (41.06%) Agile Software Development
6 250 (30.01%) AngularJS
7 249 (29.89%) TypeScript
8 192 (23.05%) User Experience
9 179 (21.49%) Node.js
10 175 (21.01%) Redux
11 168 (20.17%) HTML5
12 164 (19.69%) Full Stack Development
13 151 (18.13%) Finance
14 140 (16.81%) Social Skills
15 132 (15.85%) TDD
16 130 (15.61%) Git (software)
17 124 (14.89%) Test Automation
18 113 (13.57%) Azure
18 113 (13.57%) Banking
19 111 (13.33%) Sass
20 110 (13.21%) Java
21 109 (13.09%) AWS
22 101 (12.12%) C#
22 101 (12.12%) CSS3
23 100 (12.00%) Software Engineering
24 99 (11.88%) DevOps
25 94 (11.28%) Vue.js
26 89 (10.68%) Python
27 88 (10.56%) Web Development
27 88 (10.56%) Microservices

Front End Development
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (6.96%) CMS
2 18 (2.16%) Confluence
3 15 (1.80%) Elasticsearch
3 15 (1.80%) Tomcat
4 12 (1.44%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 12 (1.44%) Apache Spark
5 10 (1.20%) Headless CMS
6 7 (0.84%) JBoss
7 6 (0.72%) Drupal
8 5 (0.60%) SharePoint
9 4 (0.48%) Apache
9 4 (0.48%) Camunda
9 4 (0.48%) SharePoint 2013
10 3 (0.36%) Cloud Foundry
10 3 (0.36%) Moodle
10 3 (0.36%) Mule
10 3 (0.36%) Oracle Coherence
10 3 (0.36%) WordPress
11 2 (0.24%) WebLogic
12 1 (0.12%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 9 (1.08%) Photoshop
1 9 (1.08%) Sketch
2 7 (0.84%) Figma
3 6 (0.72%) Adobe XD
3 6 (0.72%) InVision
4 5 (0.60%) Adobe Illustrator
5 3 (0.36%) GIMP
6 2 (0.24%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.24%) Zeplin
7 1 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 1 (0.12%) Flinto
7 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 8 (0.96%) Shopify
2 6 (0.72%) Magento
3 3 (0.36%) Distributed Ledger
4 2 (0.24%) SAP CRM
5 1 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 113 (13.57%) Azure
2 109 (13.09%) AWS
3 81 (9.72%) npm
4 41 (4.92%) GCP
5 27 (3.24%) Yarn
6 23 (2.76%) GitHub
6 23 (2.76%) Serverless
7 14 (1.68%) SaaS
8 11 (1.32%) OpenShift
9 10 (1.20%) AWS Lambda
9 10 (1.20%) Azure Functions
9 10 (1.20%) IaaS
10 7 (0.84%) Amazon SQS
10 7 (0.84%) PaaS
11 6 (0.72%) AWS IoT
11 6 (0.72%) Azure Logic Apps
11 6 (0.72%) Firebase
12 5 (0.60%) Power Platform
12 5 (0.60%) PowerApps
13 4 (0.48%) Power Automate
Communications & Networking
1 9 (1.08%) HTTP
2 5 (0.60%) HTTPS
2 5 (0.60%) Internet
3 4 (0.48%) AMQP
3 4 (0.48%) Intranet
4 1 (0.12%) DNS
4 1 (0.12%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 60 (7.20%) SQL Server
2 30 (3.60%) Relational Database
3 19 (2.28%) PostgreSQL
4 18 (2.16%) MySQL
5 16 (1.92%) Big Data
6 15 (1.80%) MongoDB
7 12 (1.44%) Data Warehouse
8 11 (1.32%) NoSQL
9 10 (1.20%) Apache Hive
9 10 (1.20%) Tableau
10 8 (0.96%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
10 8 (0.96%) Parquet
11 4 (0.48%) Amazon RDS
11 4 (0.48%) Oracle Database
11 4 (0.48%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 4 (0.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 4 (0.48%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 2 (0.24%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 2 (0.24%) Apache Cassandra
12 2 (0.24%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 130 (15.61%) Git (software)
2 74 (8.88%) webpack
3 69 (8.28%) Jenkins
4 47 (5.64%) Jasmine
5 44 (5.28%) JIRA
6 41 (4.92%) Cypress.io
7 38 (4.56%) Grunt
8 36 (4.32%) Mocha
9 34 (4.08%) Storybook
10 31 (3.72%) Karma Test Runner
11 27 (3.24%) Selenium
12 25 (3.00%) Maven
13 24 (2.88%) gulp
14 21 (2.52%) Cucumber
15 17 (2.04%) Bitbucket
16 16 (1.92%) IntelliJ
17 15 (1.80%) Babel
18 11 (1.32%) GitLab
18 11 (1.32%) Subversion
19 10 (1.20%) TeamCity
General
1 151 (18.13%) Finance
2 140 (16.81%) Social Skills
3 113 (13.57%) Banking
4 49 (5.88%) Investment Banking
5 45 (5.40%) Front Office
6 43 (5.16%) Analytical Skills
7 22 (2.64%) Retail
8 16 (1.92%) Marketing
8 16 (1.92%) Presentation Skills
9 15 (1.80%) Public Sector
10 12 (1.44%) Games
10 12 (1.44%) Telecoms
11 11 (1.32%) Manufacturing
12 8 (0.96%) Documentation Skills
13 7 (0.84%) Publishing
14 6 (0.72%) Legal
15 5 (0.60%) Multimedia
16 4 (0.48%) Financial Institution
16 4 (0.48%) Organisational Skills
17 3 (0.36%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 727 (87.27%) Developer
2 392 (47.06%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 242 (29.05%) React Developer
4 133 (15.97%) Senior Developer
5 108 (12.97%) Angular Developer
6 103 (12.36%) JavaScript Developer
7 85 (10.20%) Senior Front-End Developer
8 76 (9.12%) Full Stack Developer
9 51 (6.12%) Senior React Developer
10 44 (5.28%) UI Developer
11 42 (5.04%) C# Developer
12 31 (3.72%) Lead Developer
13 30 (3.60%) Java Developer
14 27 (3.24%) Designer
15 26 (3.12%) .NET Developer
16 23 (2.76%) Software Engineer
17 20 (2.40%) Front Office Developer
17 20 (2.40%) HTML Developer
17 20 (2.40%) UX Designer
18 18 (2.16%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 500 (60.02%) React
2 411 (49.34%) HTML
3 395 (47.42%) CSS
4 250 (30.01%) AngularJS
5 179 (21.49%) Node.js
6 175 (21.01%) Redux
7 168 (20.17%) HTML5
8 111 (13.33%) Sass
9 101 (12.12%) CSS3
10 94 (11.28%) Vue.js
11 84 (10.08%) REST
12 79 (9.48%) .NET
13 74 (8.88%) Jest
14 73 (8.76%) RESTful
15 58 (6.96%) Web Services
16 48 (5.76%) Spring
17 41 (4.92%) GraphQL
17 41 (4.92%) JSON
18 36 (4.32%) Kafka
19 29 (3.48%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 192 (23.05%) User Experience
2 60 (7.20%) Greenfield Project
3 35 (4.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 33 (3.96%) Derivative
5 29 (3.48%) Equities
6 26 (3.12%) Fixed Income
6 26 (3.12%) Mobile App
7 23 (2.76%) Enterprise Software
8 21 (2.52%) Hedge funds
9 17 (2.04%) Data Protection Act
10 12 (1.44%) Credit Derivative
11 11 (1.32%) Cloud Native
11 11 (1.32%) Data Structures
12 10 (1.20%) Virtual Team
13 9 (1.08%) Algorithms
13 9 (1.08%) Legacy Applications
13 9 (1.08%) Market Risk
14 8 (0.96%) Self-Motivation
15 7 (0.84%) Private Cloud
16 5 (0.60%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 52 (6.24%) Unix
2 46 (5.52%) Linux
3 9 (1.08%) Android
3 9 (1.08%) Apple iOS
4 7 (0.84%) Mac OS
4 7 (0.84%) Windows
5 1 (0.12%) Debian
5 1 (0.12%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 342 (41.06%) Agile Software Development
2 164 (19.69%) Full Stack Development
3 132 (15.85%) TDD
4 124 (14.89%) Test Automation
5 100 (12.00%) Software Engineering
6 99 (11.88%) DevOps
7 88 (10.56%) Microservices
7 88 (10.56%) Web Development
8 79 (9.48%) Continuous Integration
9 76 (9.12%) Scrum
10 66 (7.92%) Problem-Solving
10 66 (7.92%) Unit Testing
11 60 (7.20%) BDD
12 53 (6.36%) Continuous Improvement
13 50 (6.00%) Analytics
14 46 (5.52%) E-Commerce
14 46 (5.52%) Responsive Web Design
15 35 (4.20%) Content Management
15 35 (4.20%) OO
16 34 (4.08%) Clean Code
Programming Languages
1 558 (66.99%) JavaScript
2 249 (29.89%) TypeScript
3 110 (13.21%) Java
4 101 (12.12%) C#
5 89 (10.68%) Python
6 84 (10.08%) SQL
7 72 (8.64%) ES6
8 33 (3.96%) Bash Shell
9 25 (3.00%) PHP
10 22 (2.64%) PL/SQL
11 18 (2.16%) Kotlin
12 17 (2.04%) Ruby
13 14 (1.68%) Java 8
14 10 (1.20%) Scala
15 7 (0.84%) Shell Script
16 6 (0.72%) Go
16 6 (0.72%) T-SQL
17 5 (0.60%) C
17 5 (0.60%) C++
18 4 (0.48%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 61 (7.32%) Degree
2 12 (1.44%) Security Cleared
3 10 (1.20%) SC Cleared
4 8 (0.96%) Numerate Degree
5 5 (0.60%) Computer Science Degree
6 2 (0.24%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.12%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.12%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 60 (7.20%) Accessibility
2 24 (2.88%) QA
3 15 (1.80%) WCAG
4 6 (0.72%) PMO
4 6 (0.72%) WAI
5 2 (0.24%) Actionable Recommendations
6 1 (0.12%) GDPR
6 1 (0.12%) Section 508
System Software
1 85 (10.20%) Docker
2 4 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.12%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 59 (7.08%) Kubernetes
2 28 (3.36%) Terraform
3 13 (1.56%) Kibana
3 13 (1.56%) logstash
4 8 (0.96%) Docker Swarm
4 8 (0.96%) Oozie
4 8 (0.96%) Single Sign-On
5 6 (0.72%) Ansible
5 6 (0.72%) Opscode Chef
6 3 (0.36%) Puppet
7 1 (0.12%) Grafana
7 1 (0.12%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 34 (4.08%) Oracle
2 25 (3.00%) Adobe
3 20 (2.40%) Microsoft
4 15 (1.80%) Google
5 8 (0.96%) ESRI
5 8 (0.96%) SAP
5 8 (0.96%) Telerik
6 4 (0.48%) Cadence
6 4 (0.48%) hybris
6 4 (0.48%) MuleSoft
6 4 (0.48%) Red Hat
6 4 (0.48%) Salesforce.com
6 4 (0.48%) VMware
7 2 (0.24%) HP
7 2 (0.24%) Netlify
7 2 (0.24%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
7 2 (0.24%) Sitecore
7 2 (0.24%) Splunk
8 1 (0.12%) IBM
8 1 (0.12%) Progress