Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
England > London
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 247 191 270
Rank change year-on-year -56 +79 -47
Contract jobs citing JUnit 304 215 401
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.02% 1.32% 0.99%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.28% 6.36% 4.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 225 146 271
10th Percentile £413 £400 £388
25th Percentile £463 £463 £444
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - -
75th Percentile £650 £600 £600
90th Percentile £728 £659 £650
England median daily rate £503 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +0.50% - +3.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 0
Median hourly rate £65.00 £57.50 -
Median % change year-on-year +13.04% - -
England median hourly rate £65.52 £57.75 £54.49
% change year-on-year +13.45% +5.99% +21.08%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 5,758 3,380 8,078
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 19.34% 20.82% 19.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,037 2,488 5,786
10th Percentile £399 £375 £363
25th Percentile £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £638 £625 £600
90th Percentile £713 £700 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £485
% change year-on-year - +3.09% +2.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 21 27
10th Percentile £29.33 £32.75 £20.45
25th Percentile £39.94 £45.25 £24.13
Median hourly rate £59.50 £51.00 £47.83
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% +6.63% +9.33%
75th Percentile £67.25 £63.75 £53.75
90th Percentile £68.94 £65.25 £55.90
England median hourly rate £50.00 £47.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit in London.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit in London over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit in London.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing JUnit in London over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the London region over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -22 37 £625 +19.05% 9
West London +7 10 £588 +4.44% 7
South London +9 7 £523 -0.48% 5
East London +5 4 £498 -7.44% 14
JUnit
England

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 263 (86.51%) Java
2 198 (65.13%) Agile Software Development
3 152 (50.00%) TDD
4 148 (48.68%) Spring
5 129 (42.43%) Jenkins
6 126 (41.45%) Mockito
7 120 (39.47%) Git (software)
8 94 (30.92%) REST
9 92 (30.26%) BDD
9 92 (30.26%) Microservices
10 91 (29.93%) Java 8
11 85 (27.96%) Docker
11 85 (27.96%) Test Automation
12 83 (27.30%) Maven
13 82 (26.97%) Unit Testing
13 82 (26.97%) RESTful
13 82 (26.97%) DevOps
14 79 (25.99%) Cucumber
15 77 (25.33%) Scrum
16 76 (25.00%) JavaScript
17 71 (23.36%) JIRA
18 69 (22.70%) AWS
19 68 (22.37%) Web Services
20 66 (21.71%) Hibernate
21 64 (21.05%) Banking
22 63 (20.72%) Kubernetes
22 63 (20.72%) Social Skills
23 62 (20.39%) Finance
24 61 (20.07%) Linux
25 60 (19.74%) Software Engineering

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (10.20%) Confluence
2 27 (8.88%) JBoss
3 25 (8.22%) Tomcat
4 20 (6.58%) Mule
5 18 (5.92%) Red Hat Fuse
6 16 (5.26%) WebSphere
7 14 (4.61%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 14 (4.61%) Jetty
8 11 (3.62%) Elasticsearch
9 6 (1.97%) Apache
9 6 (1.97%) Apache Spark
9 6 (1.97%) Cloud Foundry
10 5 (1.64%) FileNet
10 5 (1.64%) OpenStack
11 4 (1.32%) CMS
11 4 (1.32%) Jupyter
12 3 (0.99%) WebLogic
13 2 (0.66%) Anypoint
13 2 (0.66%) Mule ESB
13 2 (0.66%) nginx
Business Applications
1 5 (1.64%) Adobe Campaign
2 4 (1.32%) SAP Hybris
3 2 (0.66%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 69 (22.70%) AWS
2 56 (18.42%) GitHub
3 32 (10.53%) Azure
3 32 (10.53%) GCP
4 27 (8.88%) Serverless
5 20 (6.58%) AWS Lambda
6 15 (4.93%) OpenShift
7 12 (3.95%) Amazon S3
8 8 (2.63%) Amazon SQS
9 7 (2.30%) BlazeMeter
9 7 (2.30%) Trello
10 6 (1.97%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 6 (1.97%) Amazon ECS
11 5 (1.64%) Amazon EC2
11 5 (1.64%) Datadog
11 5 (1.64%) Slack
12 4 (1.32%) Amazon EKS
12 4 (1.32%) AWS CloudFormation
12 4 (1.32%) PaaS
13 3 (0.99%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 21 (6.91%) HTTP
2 10 (3.29%) HTTPS
3 7 (2.30%) DNS
4 5 (1.64%) 2G
4 5 (1.64%) DMARC
4 5 (1.64%) SMS
4 5 (1.64%) SMTP
5 2 (0.66%) DLNA
5 2 (0.66%) DSL
5 2 (0.66%) SWIFTNet
5 2 (0.66%) TCP/IP
5 2 (0.66%) UPnP
5 2 (0.66%) VPN
5 2 (0.66%) Wi-Fi
6 1 (0.33%) Internet
6 1 (0.33%) NFC
Database & Business Intelligence
1 38 (12.50%) NoSQL
2 37 (12.17%) SQL Server
3 35 (11.51%) Relational Database
4 33 (10.86%) MongoDB
5 20 (6.58%) MySQL
6 18 (5.92%) PostgreSQL
7 10 (3.29%) Hadoop
8 8 (2.63%) Apache Cassandra
8 8 (2.63%) Redis
9 7 (2.30%) Oracle Database
10 6 (1.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 5 (1.64%) CockroachDB
11 5 (1.64%) RDBMS
12 4 (1.32%) Big Data
13 3 (0.99%) Amazon Aurora
13 3 (0.99%) DB2
13 3 (0.99%) SQLPlus
14 2 (0.66%) Amazon RDS
14 2 (0.66%) BigQuery
14 2 (0.66%) Data Mart
Development Applications
1 129 (42.43%) Jenkins
2 126 (41.45%) Mockito
3 120 (39.47%) Git (software)
4 83 (27.30%) Maven
5 79 (25.99%) Cucumber
6 71 (23.36%) JIRA
7 40 (13.16%) Selenium
8 35 (11.51%) Gradle
9 27 (8.88%) Subversion
10 26 (8.55%) IntelliJ
11 22 (7.24%) jMock
12 21 (6.91%) JMeter
13 19 (6.25%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 19 (6.25%) TestNG
14 17 (5.59%) Eclipse
15 14 (4.61%) Bitbucket
15 14 (4.61%) git-flow
15 14 (4.61%) REST Assured
16 13 (4.28%) Calabash
16 13 (4.28%) GitLab
General
1 64 (21.05%) Banking
2 63 (20.72%) Social Skills
3 62 (20.39%) Finance
4 35 (11.51%) Analytical Skills
5 28 (9.21%) Front Office
6 23 (7.57%) Investment Banking
7 10 (3.29%) Presentation Skills
8 8 (2.63%) Marketing
8 8 (2.63%) Retail
9 5 (1.64%) Manufacturing
10 3 (0.99%) Legal
10 3 (0.99%) Telecoms
10 3 (0.99%) Wearables
11 2 (0.66%) Documentation Skills
11 2 (0.66%) Electronics
11 2 (0.66%) Games
11 2 (0.66%) Pharmaceutical
11 2 (0.66%) Public Sector
11 2 (0.66%) Retail Banking
12 1 (0.33%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 222 (73.03%) Developer
2 153 (50.33%) Java Developer
3 35 (11.51%) Senior Developer
4 30 (9.87%) Android Developer
4 30 (9.87%) Senior Java Developer
5 20 (6.58%) Full Stack Developer
6 18 (5.92%) Java Middleware Developer
6 18 (5.92%) Middleware Developer
6 18 (5.92%) Software Engineer
7 17 (5.59%) Tester
8 16 (5.26%) Integration Developer
9 13 (4.28%) Agile Developer
9 13 (4.28%) Agile Java Developer
9 13 (4.28%) AWS Developer
10 12 (3.95%) Front Office Developer
10 12 (3.95%) Java Engineer
11 11 (3.62%) JavaScript Developer
11 11 (3.62%) Low Latency Java Developer
12 10 (3.29%) DevOps Developer
12 10 (3.29%) QA Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 148 (48.68%) Spring
2 94 (30.92%) REST
3 82 (26.97%) RESTful
4 68 (22.37%) Web Services
5 66 (21.71%) Hibernate
6 59 (19.41%) XML
7 50 (16.45%) Spring Boot
8 47 (15.46%) JSON
9 39 (12.83%) React
10 38 (12.50%) HTML
11 30 (9.87%) AngularJS
12 28 (9.21%) WireMock
13 27 (8.88%) Node.js
14 26 (8.55%) Java EE
14 26 (8.55%) JMS
15 24 (7.89%) RxJava
15 24 (7.89%) SOAP
16 23 (7.57%) Dagger
17 21 (6.91%) CSS
17 21 (6.91%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 27 (8.88%) Algorithms
2 19 (6.25%) Fixed Income
3 18 (5.92%) Data Structures
4 17 (5.59%) Enterprise Software
5 14 (4.61%) Mobile App
5 14 (4.61%) User Experience
6 11 (3.62%) Animation
6 11 (3.62%) Greenfield Project
7 7 (2.30%) iPhone
7 7 (2.30%) Legacy Code
8 5 (1.64%) Cloud Native
8 5 (1.64%) Marketing Technology
8 5 (1.64%) Reference Data
9 4 (1.32%) Private Cloud
9 4 (1.32%) Social Media
10 2 (0.66%) Data Protection Act
10 2 (0.66%) Hybrid Cloud
10 2 (0.66%) Mobile Payment
10 2 (0.66%) Online Games
10 2 (0.66%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 61 (20.07%) Linux
2 42 (13.82%) Unix
3 37 (12.17%) Android
4 15 (4.93%) Windows
5 11 (3.62%) Apple iOS
6 4 (1.32%) Debian
6 4 (1.32%) VMS
7 2 (0.66%) Embedded Linux
7 2 (0.66%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.33%) CentOS
8 1 (0.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.33%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.33%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 198 (65.13%) Agile Software Development
2 152 (50.00%) TDD
3 92 (30.26%) BDD
3 92 (30.26%) Microservices
4 85 (27.96%) Test Automation
5 82 (26.97%) DevOps
5 82 (26.97%) Unit Testing
6 77 (25.33%) Scrum
7 60 (19.74%) Software Engineering
8 49 (16.12%) Pair Programming
9 44 (14.47%) Continuous Integration
9 44 (14.47%) MVC
10 43 (14.14%) OO
11 34 (11.18%) Continuous Delivery
12 33 (10.86%) Android Development
13 30 (9.87%) Problem-Solving
14 28 (9.21%) Multithreading
15 26 (8.55%) Kanban
16 24 (7.89%) SDLC
17 23 (7.57%) UML
Programming Languages
1 263 (86.51%) Java
2 91 (29.93%) Java 8
3 76 (25.00%) JavaScript
4 51 (16.78%) SQL
5 38 (12.50%) Python
6 34 (11.18%) Kotlin
7 28 (9.21%) Java 11
8 23 (7.57%) Scala
9 14 (4.61%) Java 9
10 13 (4.28%) TypeScript
11 11 (3.62%) Shell Script
12 10 (3.29%) C++
13 9 (2.96%) ES6
13 9 (2.96%) PL/SQL
14 7 (2.30%) Apple Swift
14 7 (2.30%) C#
14 7 (2.30%) Objective-C
15 6 (1.97%) PowerShell
16 5 (1.64%) Ruby
17 4 (1.32%) C
Qualifications
1 30 (9.87%) Security Cleared
2 22 (7.24%) SC Cleared
3 5 (1.64%) Degree
4 4 (1.32%) DV Cleared
5 3 (0.99%) BPSS Clearance
6 2 (0.66%) AWS Certification
6 2 (0.66%) Computer Science Degree
7 1 (0.33%) ISTQB
7 1 (0.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (7.89%) QA
2 14 (4.61%) Accessibility
3 5 (1.64%) Data Quality
3 5 (1.64%) GDPR
4 3 (0.99%) PMO
5 2 (0.66%) ISO 15022
5 2 (0.66%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 85 (27.96%) Docker
2 3 (0.99%) Varnish
3 2 (0.66%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.66%) HDFS
3 2 (0.66%) Virtual Machines
3 2 (0.66%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.33%) vCloud
4 1 (0.33%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 63 (20.72%) Kubernetes
2 20 (6.58%) Ansible
3 13 (4.28%) Terraform
4 7 (2.30%) Kibana
5 6 (1.97%) Grafana
5 6 (1.97%) Puppet
6 4 (1.32%) Opscode Chef
7 2 (0.66%) CloudHub
7 2 (0.66%) Hadoop YARN
7 2 (0.66%) Istio
7 2 (0.66%) Kustomize
7 2 (0.66%) Nagios
7 2 (0.66%) Oozie
7 2 (0.66%) Prometheus
7 2 (0.66%) ZABBIX
8 1 (0.33%) Graphite
8 1 (0.33%) HP ALM
8 1 (0.33%) logstash
8 1 (0.33%) Mesos
8 1 (0.33%) Rancher
Vendors
1 38 (12.50%) Oracle
2 22 (7.24%) Google
3 20 (6.58%) Adobe
4 18 (5.92%) Sybase
5 14 (4.61%) Microsoft
6 9 (2.96%) Murex
7 8 (2.63%) Atlassian
7 8 (2.63%) CA
8 7 (2.30%) CA Agile Central
8 7 (2.30%) hybris
9 6 (1.97%) New Relic
10 5 (1.64%) Splunk
11 4 (1.32%) IBM
11 4 (1.32%) MuleSoft
11 4 (1.32%) SAP
12 3 (0.99%) Perforce
12 3 (0.99%) Solace
13 2 (0.66%) NetCracker
13 2 (0.66%) Perfecto Mobile
13 2 (0.66%) VMware