Period
to 12 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 12 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
England > London
6 months to
12 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 253 204 216
Rank change year-on-year -49 +12 -23
Contract jobs citing JUnit 329 647 613
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.97% 1.38% 1.29%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.26% 5.96% 6.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 251 514 434
London median daily rate £525 £550 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% +10.00% -
10th Percentile £409 £413 £381
90th Percentile £638 £646 £625
England median daily rate £500 £500 £450
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 1 0
London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 -
England median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £62.50
% change year-on-year -17.65% -32.00% +73.61%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 6,256 10,863 9,562
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 18.39% 23.09% 20.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,472 8,101 7,274
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.82%
10th Percentile £375 £369 £350
90th Percentile £675 £663 £637
England median daily rate £475 £475 £463
% change year-on-year - +2.70% +8.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 21 21
London median hourly rate £48.85 £35.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +39.57% -6.67% +3.45%
10th Percentile £22.25 £30.00 £20.75
90th Percentile £78.75 £53.75 £47.83
England median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +1.18% - +3.66%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in London over the 6 months to 12 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the London region over the 6 months to 12 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South London +2 60 £525 -4.55% 4
Central London -36 44 £521 -3.02% 41
West London -3 19 £550 +10.00% 9
East London +41 15 £550 -21.43% 6
North London +11 2 £450 -
JUnit
England

For the 6 months to 12 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 304 (92.40%) Java
2 249 (75.68%) Agile Software Development
3 224 (68.09%) Spring
4 157 (47.72%) Maven
4 157 (47.72%) Git (software)
5 155 (47.11%) Mockito
6 154 (46.81%) TDD
7 141 (42.86%) Scrum
8 135 (41.03%) Jenkins
9 122 (37.08%) Microservices
10 117 (35.56%) Java 8
11 113 (34.35%) Spring Boot
12 105 (31.91%) REST
13 102 (31.00%) Web Services
14 94 (28.57%) Test Automation
14 94 (28.57%) Continuous Integration
15 89 (27.05%) SQL
16 84 (25.53%) RESTful
16 84 (25.53%) AngularJS
17 80 (24.32%) DevOps
18 74 (22.49%) AWS
19 73 (22.19%) BDD
20 71 (21.58%) Docker
21 69 (20.97%) JavaScript
22 66 (20.06%) Linux
22 66 (20.06%) Pair Programming
22 66 (20.06%) JIRA
22 66 (20.06%) Cucumber
23 65 (19.76%) SOAP
24 61 (18.54%) Banking

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 47 (14.29%) Confluence
2 42 (12.77%) Apache
3 22 (6.69%) JBoss
4 21 (6.38%) WebLogic
5 20 (6.08%) Tomcat
6 16 (4.86%) Elasticsearch
7 11 (3.34%) Jetty
8 7 (2.13%) Cloud Foundry
9 6 (1.82%) Apache Spark
9 6 (1.82%) Mule
10 5 (1.52%) Apache Solr
10 5 (1.52%) WebSphere
11 3 (0.91%) WildFly
12 2 (0.61%) nginx
13 1 (0.30%) Anypoint
13 1 (0.30%) Mule ESB
13 1 (0.30%) NServiceBus
13 1 (0.30%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 8 (2.43%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 8 (2.43%) Oracle AML
2 2 (0.61%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 74 (22.49%) AWS
2 42 (12.77%) Azure
3 27 (8.21%) GitHub
4 26 (7.90%) Amazon EC2
5 15 (4.56%) OpenShift
6 12 (3.65%) Amazon SQS
7 8 (2.43%) Amazon S3
8 7 (2.13%) Serverless
9 5 (1.52%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
9 5 (1.52%) AWS Lambda
9 5 (1.52%) GCP
9 5 (1.52%) npm
10 3 (0.91%) Google Analytics
11 2 (0.61%) PaaS
11 2 (0.61%) SaaS
12 1 (0.30%) Amazon Neptune
12 1 (0.30%) BrowserStack
12 1 (0.30%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 28 (8.51%) HTTP
2 25 (7.60%) TCP/IP
3 12 (3.65%) FTP
4 10 (3.04%) Internet
5 4 (1.22%) HTTPS
5 4 (1.22%) Kerberos
6 3 (0.91%) SSL
7 2 (0.61%) DHCP
7 2 (0.61%) Firewall
7 2 (0.61%) LAN
7 2 (0.61%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 52 (15.81%) NoSQL
2 40 (12.16%) MySQL
3 37 (11.25%) Relational Database
4 33 (10.03%) SQL Server
5 29 (8.81%) RDBMS
6 27 (8.21%) PostgreSQL
7 23 (6.99%) Oracle Database
8 20 (6.08%) Apache Cassandra
9 17 (5.17%) MongoDB
10 12 (3.65%) Oracle Database 12c
11 11 (3.34%) Big Data
11 11 (3.34%) BusinessObjects
12 10 (3.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 10 (3.04%) Amazon RDS
12 10 (3.04%) Redis
13 8 (2.43%) Couchbase
13 8 (2.43%) Oracle Database 10g
14 5 (1.52%) Hadoop
15 4 (1.22%) Flink
15 4 (1.22%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 157 (47.72%) Git (software)
1 157 (47.72%) Maven
2 155 (47.11%) Mockito
3 135 (41.03%) Jenkins
4 66 (20.06%) Cucumber
4 66 (20.06%) JIRA
5 58 (17.63%) Gradle
6 48 (14.59%) Selenium
7 46 (13.98%) SonarQube
8 35 (10.64%) jMock
9 30 (9.12%) DbUnit
10 28 (8.51%) Subversion
11 22 (6.69%) Artifactory
11 22 (6.69%) Eclipse
12 20 (6.08%) Ant
13 18 (5.47%) Bitbucket
14 17 (5.17%) IntelliJ
15 16 (4.86%) JMeter
15 16 (4.86%) TestNG
16 14 (4.26%) TeamCity
General
1 61 (18.54%) Banking
2 55 (16.72%) Finance
3 17 (5.17%) Public Sector
4 15 (4.56%) Front Office
5 14 (4.26%) Marketing
6 11 (3.34%) Investment Banking
7 6 (1.82%) Pharmaceutical
7 6 (1.82%) Retail
8 4 (1.22%) Manufacturing
8 4 (1.22%) Telecoms
9 3 (0.91%) Advertising
10 2 (0.61%) Automotive
10 2 (0.61%) Electronics
10 2 (0.61%) Legal
10 2 (0.61%) Police
11 1 (0.30%) Publishing
11 1 (0.30%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 283 (86.02%) Developer
2 202 (61.40%) Java Developer
3 40 (12.16%) Backend Developer
4 39 (11.85%) Senior Developer
5 36 (10.94%) Full Stack Developer
6 34 (10.33%) Senior Java Developer
7 29 (8.81%) Agile Developer
7 29 (8.81%) Agile Java Developer
8 24 (7.29%) SC Cleared Java Developer
9 18 (5.47%) AWS Developer
9 18 (5.47%) Java Engineer
10 15 (4.56%) Angular Developer
11 14 (4.26%) DevOps Developer
12 11 (3.34%) AWS DevOps
13 10 (3.04%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 9 (2.74%) AWS Engineer
14 9 (2.74%) Senior Agile Developer
14 9 (2.74%) Senior Agile Java Developer
15 8 (2.43%) DevOps Engineer
15 8 (2.43%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 224 (68.09%) Spring
2 113 (34.35%) Spring Boot
3 105 (31.91%) REST
4 102 (31.00%) Web Services
5 84 (25.53%) AngularJS
5 84 (25.53%) RESTful
6 65 (19.76%) SOAP
7 55 (16.72%) Kafka
8 49 (14.89%) Hibernate
9 47 (14.29%) React
10 43 (13.07%) Apache Camel
11 41 (12.46%) HTML
12 38 (11.55%) HTML5
12 38 (11.55%) J2EE
13 37 (11.25%) JPA
14 35 (10.64%) PowerMock
15 33 (10.03%) JSON
16 31 (9.42%) XML
17 29 (8.81%) CSS
18 25 (7.60%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 30 (9.12%) User Experience
2 25 (7.60%) Data Structures
3 19 (5.78%) Algorithms
4 17 (5.17%) Greenfield Project
5 13 (3.95%) Analytical Skills
6 9 (2.74%) Fixed Income
7 7 (2.13%) Linux Command Line
7 7 (2.13%) Mobile App
8 6 (1.82%) Enterprise Software
8 6 (1.82%) NHS
9 5 (1.52%) Equities
9 5 (1.52%) Mobile Banking
9 5 (1.52%) Mobile Payment
10 4 (1.22%) Cloud Native
10 4 (1.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 4 (1.22%) Self-Motivation
10 4 (1.22%) Virtual Team
11 2 (0.61%) Data Centre
12 1 (0.30%) Mainframe
12 1 (0.30%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 66 (20.06%) Linux
2 45 (13.68%) Unix
3 14 (4.26%) Android
4 12 (3.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 7 (2.13%) Windows
6 4 (1.22%) Apple iOS
6 4 (1.22%) Solaris
7 2 (0.61%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 249 (75.68%) Agile Software Development
2 154 (46.81%) TDD
3 141 (42.86%) Scrum
4 122 (37.08%) Microservices
5 94 (28.57%) Continuous Integration
5 94 (28.57%) Test Automation
6 80 (24.32%) DevOps
7 73 (22.19%) BDD
8 66 (20.06%) Pair Programming
9 58 (17.63%) Open Source
10 55 (16.72%) Kanban
11 48 (14.59%) OO
12 46 (13.98%) Unit Testing
13 33 (10.03%) Software Engineering
14 32 (9.73%) E-Commerce
15 29 (8.81%) Multithreading
16 26 (7.90%) OOP
17 23 (6.99%) API Development
17 23 (6.99%) Front End Development
17 23 (6.99%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 304 (92.40%) Java
2 117 (35.56%) Java 8
3 89 (27.05%) SQL
4 69 (20.97%) JavaScript
5 28 (8.51%) Kotlin
6 24 (7.29%) TypeScript
7 17 (5.17%) Python
8 15 (4.56%) C#
8 15 (4.56%) Scala
9 14 (4.26%) ES6
10 13 (3.95%) PL/SQL
11 12 (3.65%) Shell Script
12 10 (3.04%) Groovy
13 8 (2.43%) ES7
13 8 (2.43%) JPQL
14 7 (2.13%) Bash Shell
15 6 (1.82%) Go
15 6 (1.82%) T-SQL
16 3 (0.91%) Perl
16 3 (0.91%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 59 (17.93%) Security Cleared
2 48 (14.59%) SC Cleared
3 13 (3.95%) Degree
4 4 (1.22%) Computer Science Degree
4 4 (1.22%) DV Cleared
5 2 (0.61%) Master's Degree
6 1 (0.30%) DBS Check
6 1 (0.30%) ISEB
6 1 (0.30%) ISTQB
6 1 (0.30%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (2.13%) QA
2 4 (1.22%) WCAG
3 1 (0.30%) GDPR
3 1 (0.30%) ISO 20022
3 1 (0.30%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 71 (21.58%) Docker
2 19 (5.78%) VMware Infrastructure
2 19 (5.78%) vSphere
3 7 (2.13%) Postfix
4 2 (0.61%) Active Directory
5 1 (0.30%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 37 (11.25%) Kubernetes
2 15 (4.56%) Ansible
3 14 (4.26%) Terraform
4 13 (3.95%) Grafana
5 10 (3.04%) Kibana
6 8 (2.43%) Prometheus
7 6 (1.82%) Puppet
8 5 (1.52%) Opscode Chef
9 3 (0.91%) logstash
10 2 (0.61%) Istio
11 1 (0.30%) Apache Slider
11 1 (0.30%) NetIQ Identity Manager
11 1 (0.30%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 54 (16.41%) Oracle
2 23 (6.99%) Red Hat
3 19 (5.78%) VMware
4 15 (4.56%) Microsoft
5 12 (3.65%) Google
6 11 (3.34%) MuleSoft
7 9 (2.74%) Charles River
8 5 (1.52%) SAP
8 5 (1.52%) Splunk
9 4 (1.22%) Cognizant
9 4 (1.22%) webMethods
10 3 (0.91%) CA
10 3 (0.91%) CA Agile Central
11 2 (0.61%) Black Duck
11 2 (0.61%) Sybase
11 2 (0.61%) TIBCO
12 1 (0.30%) NetIQ
12 1 (0.30%) Salesforce.com
12 1 (0.30%) TOWER Software