Period
to 21 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 21 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
England > London
6 months to
21 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 242 211 225
Rank change year-on-year -31 +14 +3
Contract jobs citing JUnit 468 617 478
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 1.11% 1.34% 1.19%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.12% 6.54% 6.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 346 426 312
London median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - -
10th Percentile £400 £375 £351
90th Percentile £675 £613 £700
England median daily rate £505 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +6.32% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
London median hourly rate £35.00 - -
England median hourly rate £48.40 £45.00 £37.00
% change year-on-year +7.56% +21.62% -26.00%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 9,144 9,433 7,152
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 21.65% 20.42% 17.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,621 7,130 5,265
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £365 £360 £329
90th Percentile £675 £638 £625
England median daily rate £500 £475 £435
% change year-on-year +5.26% +9.20% +2.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 53 27 21
London median hourly rate £36.00 £45.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.00% +12.50% -8.05%
10th Percentile £23.60 £30.60 £19.82
90th Percentile £53.75 £165.00 £57.50
England median hourly rate £43.00 £43.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year - +4.88% -3.42%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in London over the 6 months to 21 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the London region over the 6 months to 21 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +6 91 £550 +22.22% 6
South London 0 68 £525 -4.55% 1
West London -8 33 £550 +2.80% 2
East London -25 10 £700 +7.69% 1
JUnit
England

For the 6 months to 21 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 430 (91.88%) Java
2 339 (72.44%) Agile Software Development
3 271 (57.91%) Spring
4 240 (51.28%) TDD
5 233 (49.79%) Git (software)
6 218 (46.58%) Jenkins
7 203 (43.38%) Maven
8 187 (39.96%) Mockito
9 176 (37.61%) RESTful
10 172 (36.75%) Scrum
11 157 (33.55%) Web Services
11 157 (33.55%) Continuous Integration
12 152 (32.48%) BDD
13 142 (30.34%) Test Automation
14 140 (29.91%) Microservices
15 135 (28.85%) Amazon AWS
16 127 (27.14%) REST
17 118 (25.21%) DevOps
18 117 (25.00%) Java 8
19 112 (23.93%) SQL
19 112 (23.93%) Finance
20 108 (23.08%) Docker
21 107 (22.86%) Cucumber
22 105 (22.44%) Open Source
23 102 (21.79%) JavaScript
23 102 (21.79%) Spring Boot
24 96 (20.51%) JIRA
25 94 (20.09%) Kanban
26 92 (19.66%) SOAP
27 91 (19.44%) J2EE

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 62 (13.25%) Confluence
2 58 (12.39%) Tomcat
3 48 (10.26%) Apache
4 45 (9.62%) WebSphere
5 41 (8.76%) Elasticsearch
6 33 (7.05%) nginx
7 29 (6.20%) WebLogic
8 25 (5.34%) JBoss
9 18 (3.85%) Cloud Foundry
10 16 (3.42%) WildFly
11 15 (3.21%) CMS
12 14 (2.99%) Jetty
12 14 (2.99%) WebSphere Application Server
13 13 (2.78%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 11 (2.35%) Apache Solr
14 11 (2.35%) GlassFish
15 10 (2.14%) Apache Spark
15 10 (2.14%) JCAPS
16 7 (1.50%) Mule
17 3 (0.64%) Alfresco
Applications
1 1 (0.21%) Adobe Illustrator
1 1 (0.21%) InVision
1 1 (0.21%) Photoshop
Cloud Services
1 135 (28.85%) Amazon AWS
2 62 (13.25%) Microsoft Azure
3 50 (10.68%) Amazon EC2
4 36 (7.69%) Google Cloud Platform
5 25 (5.34%) npm
6 21 (4.49%) GitHub
7 16 (3.42%) PaaS
8 10 (2.14%) OpenShift
9 7 (1.50%) Amazon S3
9 7 (1.50%) Amazon SQS
10 6 (1.28%) Amazon ElastiCache
10 6 (1.28%) Sauce Labs
11 5 (1.07%) Google Analytics
11 5 (1.07%) Slack
12 3 (0.64%) Tricentis Tosca
13 2 (0.43%) AWS CloudFormation
13 2 (0.43%) AWS Lambda
13 2 (0.43%) BrowserStack
13 2 (0.43%) Serverless
13 2 (0.43%) Stackdriver
Communications & Networking
1 58 (12.39%) HTTP
2 29 (6.20%) TCP/IP
3 12 (2.56%) Internet
4 10 (2.14%) FTP
5 8 (1.71%) SSL
6 4 (0.85%) AMQP
7 3 (0.64%) DNS
8 2 (0.43%) BIG-IP
8 2 (0.43%) HTTPS
8 2 (0.43%) Kerberos
9 1 (0.21%) SMTP
9 1 (0.21%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 76 (16.24%) Relational Database
2 73 (15.60%) NoSQL
3 55 (11.75%) MongoDB
4 42 (8.97%) SQL Server
5 37 (7.91%) Redis
6 35 (7.48%) MySQL
7 34 (7.26%) PostgreSQL
8 19 (4.06%) RDBMS
9 16 (3.42%) Hadoop
10 13 (2.78%) Big Data
10 13 (2.78%) Oracle Database
11 10 (2.14%) Apache Cassandra
12 9 (1.92%) Impala
13 8 (1.71%) BigQuery
14 7 (1.50%) Apache Kudu
15 6 (1.28%) Amazon Athena
15 6 (1.28%) InterSystems Cache
16 5 (1.07%) Bigtable
17 4 (0.85%) Hazelcast
17 4 (0.85%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 233 (49.79%) Git (software)
2 218 (46.58%) Jenkins
3 203 (43.38%) Maven
4 187 (39.96%) Mockito
5 107 (22.86%) Cucumber
6 96 (20.51%) JIRA
7 73 (15.60%) SonarQube
8 70 (14.96%) jMock
9 69 (14.74%) Selenium
10 53 (11.32%) Gradle
10 53 (11.32%) Subversion
11 48 (10.26%) DbUnit
12 43 (9.19%) TeamCity
13 33 (7.05%) Eclipse
14 30 (6.41%) TestNG
15 29 (6.20%) gulp
16 28 (5.98%) IntelliJ
17 23 (4.91%) Hudson
18 22 (4.70%) Ant
18 22 (4.70%) Jasmine
General
1 112 (23.93%) Finance
2 87 (18.59%) Banking
3 43 (9.19%) Investment Banking
4 30 (6.41%) Front Office
5 25 (5.34%) Retail
6 20 (4.27%) Games
7 16 (3.42%) Marketing
8 11 (2.35%) Back Office
9 6 (1.28%) Telecoms
9 6 (1.28%) Wholesale Banking
10 5 (1.07%) Advertising
11 4 (0.85%) Manufacturing
12 3 (0.64%) Pharmaceutical
13 2 (0.43%) Automotive
13 2 (0.43%) Electronics
13 2 (0.43%) Financial Institution
13 2 (0.43%) Publishing
14 1 (0.21%) French Language
14 1 (0.21%) International Banking
14 1 (0.21%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 357 (76.28%) Developer
2 269 (57.48%) Java Developer
3 58 (12.39%) Senior Developer
4 52 (11.11%) Senior Java Developer
5 32 (6.84%) Agile Developer
5 32 (6.84%) Full Stack Developer
6 27 (5.77%) DevOps Engineer
6 27 (5.77%) Scala Developer
7 23 (4.91%) Backend Developer
8 21 (4.49%) Java Engineer
9 19 (4.06%) Agile Java Developer
10 15 (3.21%) AWS Developer
10 15 (3.21%) Lead Developer
11 14 (2.99%) Kubernetes Engineer
12 12 (2.56%) Integration Developer
12 12 (2.56%) Senior Full Stack Developer
13 11 (2.35%) Lead Java Developer
13 11 (2.35%) Test Engineer
13 11 (2.35%) Tester
14 10 (2.14%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 271 (57.91%) Spring
2 176 (37.61%) RESTful
3 157 (33.55%) Web Services
4 127 (27.14%) REST
5 102 (21.79%) Spring Boot
6 92 (19.66%) SOAP
7 91 (19.44%) J2EE
8 89 (19.02%) Hibernate
9 73 (15.60%) XML
10 68 (14.53%) AngularJS
10 68 (14.53%) JSON
11 66 (14.10%) JMS
12 61 (13.03%) Apache Camel
13 57 (12.18%) Java EE
14 55 (11.75%) HTML
15 50 (10.68%) CSS
16 49 (10.47%) PowerMock
17 43 (9.19%) Node.js
17 43 (9.19%) Spring MVC
18 35 (7.48%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 45 (9.62%) Greenfield Project
2 31 (6.62%) Data Structures
3 27 (5.77%) Mobile App
4 26 (5.56%) Algorithms
4 26 (5.56%) Analytical Skills
5 20 (4.27%) Virtual Team
6 18 (3.85%) Enterprise Software
7 17 (3.63%) Fintech
8 13 (2.78%) User Experience
9 12 (2.56%) Fixed Income
10 11 (2.35%) Linux Command Line
10 11 (2.35%) NHS
11 9 (1.92%) FMCG
12 7 (1.50%) Analytical Mindset
13 6 (1.28%) Equities
13 6 (1.28%) Social Media
14 4 (0.85%) Self-Motivation
14 4 (0.85%) Wiki
15 3 (0.64%) Credit Derivative
15 3 (0.64%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 73 (15.60%) Linux
2 62 (13.25%) Unix
3 18 (3.85%) VMS
3 18 (3.85%) Windows
4 10 (2.14%) Android
5 9 (1.92%) Ubuntu
6 3 (0.64%) CentOS
7 1 (0.21%) Android TV
7 1 (0.21%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 339 (72.44%) Agile Software Development
2 240 (51.28%) TDD
3 172 (36.75%) Scrum
4 157 (33.55%) Continuous Integration
5 152 (32.48%) BDD
6 142 (30.34%) Test Automation
7 140 (29.91%) Microservices
8 118 (25.21%) DevOps
9 105 (22.44%) Open Source
10 94 (20.09%) Kanban
11 70 (14.96%) E-Commerce
12 66 (14.10%) Unit Testing
13 63 (13.46%) Problem-Solving
14 62 (13.25%) OO
15 56 (11.97%) Pair Programming
16 45 (9.62%) Virtual Infrastructure
17 42 (8.97%) Configuration Management
18 40 (8.55%) SDLC
19 39 (8.33%) Domain-Driven Design
20 38 (8.12%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 430 (91.88%) Java
2 117 (25.00%) Java 8
3 112 (23.93%) SQL
4 102 (21.79%) JavaScript
5 52 (11.11%) Scala
6 41 (8.76%) Groovy
6 41 (8.76%) Shell Script
7 39 (8.33%) Python
8 35 (7.48%) Ruby
9 34 (7.26%) C#
10 22 (4.70%) C++
11 13 (2.78%) Kotlin
11 13 (2.78%) PL/SQL
11 13 (2.78%) TypeScript
12 12 (2.56%) XPath
13 11 (2.35%) JPQL
14 9 (1.92%) ES6
15 8 (1.71%) Bash Shell
15 8 (1.71%) Perl
16 6 (1.28%) ES7
Qualifications
1 26 (5.56%) Degree
2 23 (4.91%) BPSS Clearance
3 20 (4.27%) Security Cleared
4 17 (3.63%) SC Cleared
5 8 (1.71%) Computer Science Degree
6 7 (1.50%) OCPJP
6 7 (1.50%) Sun Certification
7 5 (1.07%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.21%) BC Cleared
8 1 (0.21%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 58 (12.39%) QA
2 6 (1.28%) Disclosure Scotland
3 3 (0.64%) WCAG
4 1 (0.21%) Dodd-Frank
4 1 (0.21%) EMIR
4 1 (0.21%) GDPR
4 1 (0.21%) MiFID
4 1 (0.21%) PMO
System Software
1 108 (23.08%) Docker
2 45 (9.62%) VMware Infrastructure
2 45 (9.62%) vSphere
3 23 (4.91%) Virtual Machines
4 7 (1.50%) HDFS
5 4 (0.85%) Active Directory
6 2 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 67 (14.32%) Kubernetes
2 61 (13.03%) Ansible
3 38 (8.12%) Opscode Chef
3 38 (8.12%) Puppet
4 32 (6.84%) Kibana
5 24 (5.13%) Grafana
6 19 (4.06%) logstash
6 19 (4.06%) Prometheus
6 19 (4.06%) Terraform
7 16 (3.42%) Rancher
8 12 (2.56%) Control-M
9 3 (0.64%) CloudHub
9 3 (0.64%) HAProxy
10 2 (0.43%) Docker Swarm
11 1 (0.21%) Consul
11 1 (0.21%) HP Fortify
11 1 (0.21%) Icinga
11 1 (0.21%) Marathon
11 1 (0.21%) Mesos
11 1 (0.21%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 56 (11.97%) Oracle
2 49 (10.47%) VMware
3 46 (9.83%) Google
4 23 (4.91%) Sybase
5 19 (4.06%) Atlassian
6 17 (3.63%) Adobe
7 15 (3.21%) MuleSoft
8 12 (2.56%) AppDynamics
8 12 (2.56%) Splunk
9 11 (2.35%) IBM
10 10 (2.14%) Microsoft
11 9 (1.92%) Facebook
12 7 (1.50%) Black Duck
12 7 (1.50%) Sun
12 7 (1.50%) webMethods
13 6 (1.28%) Red Hat
14 5 (1.07%) Charles River
15 4 (0.85%) Murex
16 3 (0.64%) Altova
16 3 (0.64%) Perfecto Mobile