Period
to 22 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 22 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
England > London
6 months to
22 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 199 210 198
Rank change year-on-year +11 -12 +65
Contract jobs citing JUnit 618 583 601
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 1.34% 1.29% 1.36%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.95% 6.50% 7.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 474 405 401
London median daily rate £525 £513 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +5.13% +4.61%
10th Percentile £413 £375 £360
90th Percentile £632 £638 £640
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
London median hourly rate - £40.00 -
England median hourly rate £42.50 £62.50 £32.50
% change year-on-year -32.00% +92.31% -14.47%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 10,390 8,967 7,918
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 22.50% 19.90% 17.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,674 6,731 5,748
London median daily rate £510 £498 £453
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.51% +9.88% +4.08%
10th Percentile £363 £349 £313
90th Percentile £650 £625 £606
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 29 12
London median hourly rate £30.00 £35.00 £43.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.29% -19.08% +55.69%
10th Percentile £16.33 £20.56 £10.00
90th Percentile £69.58 £47.57 £57.35
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year - +3.66% +6.49%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in London over the 6 months to 22 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the London region over the 6 months to 22 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +37 119 £525 +10.53% 21
South London +11 115 £550 +10.00% 4
West London +27 49 £550 +4.76% 13
East London -24 6 £450 -28.00% 4
North London - 1 - -
JUnit
England

For the 6 months to 22 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 558 (90.29%) Java
2 413 (66.83%) Agile Software Development
3 324 (52.43%) Spring
4 314 (50.81%) Git (software)
5 295 (47.73%) Maven
6 291 (47.09%) Jenkins
7 284 (45.95%) TDD
8 263 (42.56%) Test Automation
9 262 (42.39%) Mockito
10 211 (34.14%) REST
11 209 (33.82%) RESTful
12 203 (32.85%) BDD
13 195 (31.55%) Continuous Integration
14 190 (30.74%) Java 8
15 174 (28.16%) Scrum
16 163 (26.38%) Microservices
17 161 (26.05%) JIRA
18 160 (25.89%) Hibernate
19 158 (25.57%) Web Services
20 148 (23.95%) Unix
21 135 (21.84%) Docker
22 134 (21.68%) DevOps
23 133 (21.52%) JavaScript
24 130 (21.04%) SQL
25 125 (20.23%) Cucumber
25 125 (20.23%) SonarQube
26 122 (19.74%) Confluence
26 122 (19.74%) OO
27 121 (19.58%) Relational Database
28 118 (19.09%) Finance

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 122 (19.74%) Confluence
2 57 (9.22%) WildFly
3 56 (9.06%) Apache
4 50 (8.09%) Tomcat
5 29 (4.69%) Elasticsearch
5 29 (4.69%) JBoss
6 19 (3.07%) Apache Spark
7 13 (2.10%) Mule
7 13 (2.10%) WebSphere
8 9 (1.46%) WebLogic
9 8 (1.29%) CMS
10 7 (1.13%) Alfresco
11 6 (0.97%) Cloud Foundry
12 5 (0.81%) Liferay
12 5 (0.81%) Magnolia
12 5 (0.81%) nginx
13 4 (0.65%) Apache Solr
13 4 (0.65%) Mule ESB
13 4 (0.65%) WebSphere Application Server
14 3 (0.49%) GlassFish
Applications
1 3 (0.49%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.16%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 2 (0.32%) Global One
1 2 (0.32%) ION MarketView
2 1 (0.16%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
2 1 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 115 (18.61%) Amazon AWS
2 48 (7.77%) Amazon EC2
3 21 (3.40%) GitHub
4 14 (2.27%) npm
5 12 (1.94%) Amazon CloudWatch
5 12 (1.94%) Microsoft Azure
5 12 (1.94%) Virtual Private Cloud
6 10 (1.62%) Amazon S3
7 8 (1.29%) Amazon ELB
7 8 (1.29%) AWS Lambda
7 8 (1.29%) Google Cloud Platform
8 7 (1.13%) Akamai
8 7 (1.13%) Sauce Labs
9 5 (0.81%) Apigee
9 5 (0.81%) BrowserStack
9 5 (0.81%) IaaS
9 5 (0.81%) PaaS
10 4 (0.65%) AWS CloudFormation
10 4 (0.65%) Google App Engine
10 4 (0.65%) Stackdriver
Communications & Networking
1 64 (10.36%) HTTP
2 25 (4.05%) TCP/IP
3 11 (1.78%) AMQP
3 11 (1.78%) OpenVPN
4 10 (1.62%) DNS
5 9 (1.46%) OpenLDAP
5 9 (1.46%) SSH
6 5 (0.81%) Internet
7 4 (0.65%) DOCSIS
7 4 (0.65%) FTP
7 4 (0.65%) SMTP
8 3 (0.49%) HTTPS
8 3 (0.49%) SSL
9 2 (0.32%) RTMP
9 2 (0.32%) SMS
10 1 (0.16%) BIG-IP
10 1 (0.16%) Firewall
10 1 (0.16%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 121 (19.58%) Relational Database
2 67 (10.84%) RDBMS
3 65 (10.52%) NoSQL
4 60 (9.71%) PostgreSQL
5 59 (9.55%) SQL Server
6 55 (8.90%) MongoDB
7 42 (6.80%) MySQL
8 27 (4.37%) Apache Cassandra
9 21 (3.40%) Redis
10 17 (2.75%) Big Data
11 16 (2.59%) Hadoop
12 14 (2.27%) Amazon RDS
13 12 (1.94%) Hazelcast
14 9 (1.46%) Couchbase
15 8 (1.29%) HBase
16 7 (1.13%) Apache Hive
17 6 (0.97%) BigQuery
17 6 (0.97%) OLTP
17 6 (0.97%) SQL Server 2008
17 6 (0.97%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 314 (50.81%) Git (software)
2 295 (47.73%) Maven
3 291 (47.09%) Jenkins
4 262 (42.39%) Mockito
5 161 (26.05%) JIRA
6 125 (20.23%) Cucumber
6 125 (20.23%) SonarQube
7 112 (18.12%) Selenium
8 86 (13.92%) Gradle
9 77 (12.46%) Subversion
10 74 (11.97%) jMock
11 66 (10.68%) Liquibase
12 64 (10.36%) Vagrant
13 59 (9.55%) Checkstyle
14 47 (7.61%) DbUnit
15 42 (6.80%) Hudson
16 39 (6.31%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 37 (5.99%) TeamCity
18 34 (5.50%) TestNG
19 32 (5.18%) WebDriver
General
1 118 (19.09%) Finance
2 108 (17.48%) Banking
3 46 (7.44%) Investment Banking
4 39 (6.31%) Front Office
5 27 (4.37%) Retail
6 8 (1.29%) Marketing
6 8 (1.29%) Telecoms
7 5 (0.81%) Financial Institution
7 5 (0.81%) Wholesale Banking
8 4 (0.65%) Advertising
9 3 (0.49%) Automotive
9 3 (0.49%) Back Office
9 3 (0.49%) Games
9 3 (0.49%) Legal
10 2 (0.32%) Publishing
10 2 (0.32%) Retail Banking
11 1 (0.16%) Electronics
11 1 (0.16%) Law
11 1 (0.16%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 465 (75.24%) Developer
2 364 (58.90%) Java Developer
3 51 (8.25%) SC Cleared Java Developer
4 49 (7.93%) Senior Developer
5 43 (6.96%) Agile Developer
6 35 (5.66%) Senior Java Developer
7 26 (4.21%) DevOps Engineer
7 26 (4.21%) Tester
8 23 (3.72%) Automation Tester
8 23 (3.72%) Full Stack Developer
9 22 (3.56%) Java Engineer
10 20 (3.24%) Developer in Test
10 20 (3.24%) Scala Developer
11 19 (3.07%) Angular Developer
11 19 (3.07%) Test Engineer
12 18 (2.91%) Lead Developer
13 17 (2.75%) Android Developer
13 17 (2.75%) Lead Java Developer
14 16 (2.59%) Agile Java Developer
14 16 (2.59%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 324 (52.43%) Spring
2 211 (34.14%) REST
3 209 (33.82%) RESTful
4 160 (25.89%) Hibernate
5 158 (25.57%) Web Services
6 113 (18.28%) JMS
7 101 (16.34%) Spring Boot
8 84 (13.59%) Java EE
9 80 (12.94%) J2EE
10 74 (11.97%) XML
11 73 (11.81%) SOAP
12 70 (11.33%) HTML
12 70 (11.33%) JAX-RS
13 69 (11.17%) Lambda Expressions
14 67 (10.84%) WireMock
15 66 (10.68%) AngularJS
16 60 (9.71%) JSON
17 59 (9.55%) CSS
17 59 (9.55%) Drools
18 47 (7.61%) Guice
Miscellaneous
1 66 (10.68%) Linux Command Line
2 51 (8.25%) Fixed Income
3 31 (5.02%) Computer Science
4 30 (4.85%) Greenfield Project
5 28 (4.53%) Fintech
6 27 (4.37%) Analytical Skills
6 27 (4.37%) User Experience
7 24 (3.88%) Mobile App
8 12 (1.94%) Equities
9 10 (1.62%) Algorithms
9 10 (1.62%) Data Structures
9 10 (1.62%) iPad
9 10 (1.62%) NHS
9 10 (1.62%) Self-Motivation
9 10 (1.62%) Virtual Team
10 9 (1.46%) N-Tier
11 8 (1.29%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 6 (0.97%) Derivative
12 6 (0.97%) Mobile Payment
13 5 (0.81%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 148 (23.95%) Unix
2 112 (18.12%) Linux
3 61 (9.87%) VMS
4 24 (3.88%) Android
5 14 (2.27%) Apple iOS
5 14 (2.27%) Windows
6 13 (2.10%) CentOS
6 13 (2.10%) Ubuntu
7 5 (0.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.16%) DC/OS
8 1 (0.16%) RancherOS
8 1 (0.16%) Solaris
8 1 (0.16%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 413 (66.83%) Agile Software Development
2 284 (45.95%) TDD
3 263 (42.56%) Test Automation
4 203 (32.85%) BDD
5 195 (31.55%) Continuous Integration
6 174 (28.16%) Scrum
7 163 (26.38%) Microservices
8 134 (21.68%) DevOps
9 122 (19.74%) OO
10 107 (17.31%) Kanban
11 99 (16.02%) Open Source
12 93 (15.05%) Dependency Injection
13 88 (14.24%) Domain-Driven Design
14 83 (13.43%) Unit Testing
15 73 (11.81%) E-Commerce
16 65 (10.52%) OOA/OOD
17 64 (10.36%) Pair Programming
18 63 (10.19%) CQRS
19 59 (9.55%) MVC
20 56 (9.06%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 558 (90.29%) Java
2 190 (30.74%) Java 8
3 133 (21.52%) JavaScript
4 130 (21.04%) SQL
5 61 (9.87%) JPQL
6 43 (6.96%) Scala
7 40 (6.47%) Groovy
8 38 (6.15%) Python
9 32 (5.18%) Shell Script
10 31 (5.02%) Ruby
11 22 (3.56%) Bash Shell
12 20 (3.24%) C#
12 20 (3.24%) Kotlin
13 14 (2.27%) XPath
14 9 (1.46%) C
14 9 (1.46%) TypeScript
15 7 (1.13%) C++
15 7 (1.13%) PL/SQL
16 4 (0.65%) Korn
16 4 (0.65%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 94 (15.21%) Security Cleared
2 89 (14.40%) SC Cleared
3 43 (6.96%) Degree
4 31 (5.02%) BPSS Clearance
5 23 (3.72%) Computer Science Degree
6 8 (1.29%) ISTQB
6 8 (1.29%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
7 6 (0.97%) ISEB
8 5 (0.81%) AWS Certification
8 5 (0.81%) ISEB Practitioner
9 3 (0.49%) CTC Cleared
9 3 (0.49%) OCPJP
9 3 (0.49%) Sun Certification
10 1 (0.16%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.16%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 57 (9.22%) QA
2 9 (1.46%) PMO
3 3 (0.49%) Disclosure Scotland
3 3 (0.49%) ISO 20022
4 2 (0.32%) GDPR
5 1 (0.16%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.16%) EMIR
5 1 (0.16%) MiFID
System Software
1 135 (21.84%) Docker
2 34 (5.50%) vSphere
3 32 (5.18%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (1.94%) Virtual Machines
5 11 (1.78%) HDFS
6 9 (1.46%) Postfix
6 9 (1.46%) Squid
6 9 (1.46%) vCloud
7 2 (0.32%) Active Directory
7 2 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 1 (0.16%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.16%) IAG
Systems Management
1 71 (11.49%) Kubernetes
2 52 (8.41%) Ansible
3 31 (5.02%) Puppet
4 26 (4.21%) Terraform
5 23 (3.72%) Kibana
6 22 (3.56%) Grafana
7 19 (3.07%) Opscode Chef
8 18 (2.91%) Prometheus
9 17 (2.75%) logstash
10 14 (2.27%) Rancher
11 9 (1.46%) Docker Swarm
11 9 (1.46%) ZABBIX
12 8 (1.29%) Rsyslog
12 8 (1.29%) Sysdig
13 7 (1.13%) Mesos
13 7 (1.13%) Oozie
13 7 (1.13%) Packer
14 6 (0.97%) HP Quality Center
15 5 (0.81%) Control-M
16 4 (0.65%) Red Hat Spacewalk
Vendors
1 44 (7.12%) VMware
2 40 (6.47%) Google
3 33 (5.34%) Oracle
4 27 (4.37%) Atlassian
5 24 (3.88%) Splunk
6 21 (3.40%) Sybase
7 14 (2.27%) MuleSoft
8 12 (1.94%) AppDynamics
8 12 (1.94%) Murex
9 11 (1.78%) Apple
10 10 (1.62%) IBM
11 9 (1.46%) Sonatype
12 8 (1.29%) Microsoft
13 7 (1.13%) HP
14 6 (0.97%) Red Hat
15 5 (0.81%) Dynatrace
16 4 (0.65%) TIBCO
17 3 (0.49%) Perforce
17 3 (0.49%) Reuters
17 3 (0.49%) Sun