Period
to 3 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 3 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
England > London
6 months to
3 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 200 241 196
Rank change year-on-year +41 -45 +26
Contract jobs citing JUnit 323 475 660
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.28% 1.12% 1.42%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.50% 5.08% 7.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 234 358 470
Median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% -
10th Percentile £354 £400 £381
90th Percentile £638 £658 £613
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 1 0
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 -
England median hourly rate £35.00 £46.70 £45.00
% change year-on-year -25.05% +3.78% +21.62%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 4,971 9,357 9,424
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 19.75% 22.00% 20.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,463 6,818 7,168
Median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £375 £370 £358
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +8.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 60 51 23
Median hourly rate £48.50 £36.00 £46.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +34.72% -22.58% +9.41%
10th Percentile £35.00 £23.25 £31.00
90th Percentile £78.75 £53.75 £165.00
Median hourly rate £42.00 £43.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -2.33% -4.44% +9.76%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit in London.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit in London over the 6 months to 3 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit in London.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing JUnit in London over the 6 months to 3 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the London region over the 6 months to 3 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +61 61 £500 -9.09% 16
South London 0 36 £513 -2.38% 4
West London +17 13 £550 - 7
East London +52 9 £475 -32.14% 6
North London - 2 £450 - 1
JUnit
England

For the 6 months to 3 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 291 (90.09%) Java
2 237 (73.37%) Agile Software Development
3 213 (65.94%) Spring
4 162 (50.15%) Maven
5 138 (42.72%) Mockito
6 135 (41.80%) Spring Boot
7 129 (39.94%) Git (software)
8 123 (38.08%) Scrum
9 119 (36.84%) Jenkins
10 117 (36.22%) Microservices
11 109 (33.75%) REST
11 109 (33.75%) TDD
12 108 (33.44%) Java 8
13 106 (32.82%) SQL
14 101 (31.27%) Gradle
15 97 (30.03%) RESTful
16 96 (29.72%) Web Services
17 94 (29.10%) Continuous Integration
18 91 (28.17%) Docker
19 87 (26.93%) DevOps
20 80 (24.77%) AngularJS
21 79 (24.46%) Open Source
22 72 (22.29%) Pair Programming
22 72 (22.29%) SOAP
23 71 (21.98%) Banking
24 67 (20.74%) Test Automation
25 64 (19.81%) Cucumber
26 61 (18.89%) BDD
27 60 (18.58%) Linux
28 56 (17.34%) Oracle

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (12.07%) Elasticsearch
2 34 (10.53%) WebLogic
3 22 (6.81%) Apache
3 22 (6.81%) Tomcat
4 20 (6.19%) Confluence
4 20 (6.19%) WebSphere
5 13 (4.02%) JBoss
6 11 (3.41%) Apache Spark
7 9 (2.79%) Cloud Foundry
8 7 (2.17%) Jetty
9 4 (1.24%) GlassFish
9 4 (1.24%) JCAPS
9 4 (1.24%) Mule
9 4 (1.24%) WebSphere Application Server
10 3 (0.93%) WildFly
11 2 (0.62%) nginx
12 1 (0.31%) Apache Airflow
12 1 (0.31%) Oracle Service Bus
12 1 (0.31%) SAS
Applications
1 8 (2.48%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 8 (2.48%) Oracle AML
2 3 (0.93%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 56 (17.34%) AWS
2 54 (16.72%) GitHub
3 43 (13.31%) Azure
4 20 (6.19%) Amazon EC2
5 8 (2.48%) Amazon SQS
6 6 (1.86%) OpenShift
7 5 (1.55%) Google Analytics
8 4 (1.24%) GCP
9 3 (0.93%) Amazon S3
10 2 (0.62%) AWS CloudFormation
10 2 (0.62%) AWS Lambda
10 2 (0.62%) Serverless
11 1 (0.31%) Amazon ECS
11 1 (0.31%) Amazon EKS
11 1 (0.31%) Amazon Kinesis
11 1 (0.31%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 1 (0.31%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 31 (9.60%) HTTP
2 20 (6.19%) TCP/IP
3 8 (2.48%) RTMP
4 7 (2.17%) Internet
4 7 (2.17%) SSL
5 6 (1.86%) FTP
6 3 (0.93%) DHCP
6 3 (0.93%) Firewall
6 3 (0.93%) LAN
6 3 (0.93%) WAN
7 2 (0.62%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.31%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 53 (16.41%) NoSQL
2 52 (16.10%) MySQL
3 31 (9.60%) Relational Database
4 26 (8.05%) SQL Server
5 23 (7.12%) MongoDB
6 20 (6.19%) Oracle Database
7 15 (4.64%) PostgreSQL
7 15 (4.64%) RDBMS
8 14 (4.33%) Amazon RDS
9 13 (4.02%) Big Data
9 13 (4.02%) Redis
10 12 (3.72%) Oracle Database 12c
11 11 (3.41%) BusinessObjects
12 10 (3.10%) Apache Cassandra
13 8 (2.48%) Oracle Database 10g
14 7 (2.17%) Couchbase
15 6 (1.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 4 (1.24%) Flink
16 4 (1.24%) SQL Server 2012
17 3 (0.93%) JasperReports
Development Applications
1 162 (50.15%) Maven
2 138 (42.72%) Mockito
3 129 (39.94%) Git (software)
4 119 (36.84%) Jenkins
5 101 (31.27%) Gradle
6 64 (19.81%) Cucumber
7 48 (14.86%) JIRA
7 48 (14.86%) Selenium
8 34 (10.53%) Subversion
9 33 (10.22%) Ant
10 27 (8.36%) Artifactory
11 23 (7.12%) SonarQube
12 22 (6.81%) Eclipse
13 21 (6.50%) git-flow
14 20 (6.19%) Bitbucket
15 19 (5.88%) GitLab
15 19 (5.88%) JMeter
16 16 (4.95%) jMock
17 14 (4.33%) DbUnit
17 14 (4.33%) Postman
General
1 71 (21.98%) Banking
2 47 (14.55%) Finance
3 26 (8.05%) Investment Banking
4 21 (6.50%) Public Sector
5 17 (5.26%) Front Office
5 17 (5.26%) Marketing
6 7 (2.17%) Retail
7 6 (1.86%) Pharmaceutical
8 4 (1.24%) Back Office
9 2 (0.62%) Advertising
9 2 (0.62%) Automotive
10 1 (0.31%) Electronics
10 1 (0.31%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.31%) Legal
10 1 (0.31%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.31%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.31%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 260 (80.50%) Developer
2 177 (54.80%) Java Developer
3 43 (13.31%) Backend Developer
4 30 (9.29%) Full Stack Developer
5 29 (8.98%) Senior Developer
6 25 (7.74%) Senior Java Developer
7 22 (6.81%) Android Developer
8 14 (4.33%) Agile Developer
8 14 (4.33%) Agile Java Developer
8 14 (4.33%) Angular Developer
8 14 (4.33%) C# Developer
8 14 (4.33%) Java Engineer
9 13 (4.02%) Analyst
9 13 (4.02%) SC Cleared Java Developer
10 10 (3.10%) Applications Developer
10 10 (3.10%) DevOps Developer
10 10 (3.10%) DevOps Engineer
10 10 (3.10%) Java Mobile Developer
10 10 (3.10%) Software Engineer
11 8 (2.48%) Java Applications Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 213 (65.94%) Spring
2 135 (41.80%) Spring Boot
3 109 (33.75%) REST
4 97 (30.03%) RESTful
5 96 (29.72%) Web Services
6 80 (24.77%) AngularJS
7 72 (22.29%) SOAP
8 54 (16.72%) Hibernate
9 45 (13.93%) HTML
10 43 (13.31%) J2EE
11 42 (13.00%) HTML5
11 42 (13.00%) XML
12 40 (12.38%) JPA
12 40 (12.38%) Kafka
13 36 (11.15%) Apache Camel
14 34 (10.53%) React
15 32 (9.91%) CSS
16 29 (8.98%) JSON
16 29 (8.98%) RxJava
17 23 (7.12%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 33 (10.22%) Mobile App
2 26 (8.05%) User Experience
3 22 (6.81%) Data Structures
4 19 (5.88%) Mobile Payment
5 16 (4.95%) Enterprise Software
6 15 (4.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 13 (4.02%) Fixed Income
8 9 (2.79%) Algorithms
9 8 (2.48%) Greenfield Project
10 6 (1.86%) Mobile Banking
11 4 (1.24%) Credit Risk
11 4 (1.24%) NHS
12 3 (0.93%) Analytical Skills
12 3 (0.93%) Derivative
12 3 (0.93%) Digital Wallet
12 3 (0.93%) Management Information System
12 3 (0.93%) Mobile Wallet
12 3 (0.93%) Virtual Team
13 2 (0.62%) Data Centre
14 1 (0.31%) Digital Media
Operating Systems
1 60 (18.58%) Linux
2 32 (9.91%) Android
3 23 (7.12%) Unix
4 12 (3.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 9 (2.79%) Windows
6 6 (1.86%) Apple iOS
7 3 (0.93%) Solaris
8 2 (0.62%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 237 (73.37%) Agile Software Development
2 123 (38.08%) Scrum
3 117 (36.22%) Microservices
4 109 (33.75%) TDD
5 94 (29.10%) Continuous Integration
6 87 (26.93%) DevOps
7 79 (24.46%) Open Source
8 72 (22.29%) Pair Programming
9 67 (20.74%) Test Automation
10 61 (18.89%) BDD
11 47 (14.55%) Kanban
12 44 (13.62%) Multithreading
13 39 (12.07%) SDLC
14 29 (8.98%) API Development
14 29 (8.98%) Unit Testing
15 27 (8.36%) OO
15 27 (8.36%) OOP
15 27 (8.36%) Software Engineering
16 24 (7.43%) Android Development
16 24 (7.43%) MVVM
Programming Languages
1 291 (90.09%) Java
2 108 (33.44%) Java 8
3 106 (32.82%) SQL
4 51 (15.79%) JavaScript
5 44 (13.62%) Kotlin
6 26 (8.05%) Groovy
7 25 (7.74%) C#
8 16 (4.95%) Python
9 15 (4.64%) PL/SQL
10 11 (3.41%) Scala
11 6 (1.86%) Bash Shell
11 6 (1.86%) Haskell
12 5 (1.55%) Shell Script
13 4 (1.24%) T-SQL
14 3 (0.93%) C
14 3 (0.93%) ES6
15 2 (0.62%) Perl
15 2 (0.62%) Ruby
15 2 (0.62%) TypeScript
16 1 (0.31%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 50 (15.48%) Security Cleared
2 42 (13.00%) SC Cleared
3 19 (5.88%) Degree
4 14 (4.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 4 (1.24%) ISEB
6 3 (0.93%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.31%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.31%) ITIL Certification
8 1 (0.31%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (5.26%) QA
2 4 (1.24%) WCAG
3 1 (0.31%) ISO 20022
3 1 (0.31%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 91 (28.17%) Docker
2 7 (2.17%) vSphere
3 6 (1.86%) Postfix
3 6 (1.86%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.93%) Active Directory
5 1 (0.31%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 30 (9.29%) Kubernetes
2 13 (4.02%) Ansible
3 10 (3.10%) Grafana
4 9 (2.79%) Kibana
5 8 (2.48%) Puppet
6 6 (1.86%) Terraform
7 4 (1.24%) Prometheus
8 3 (0.93%) Opscode Chef
9 1 (0.31%) Graphite
9 1 (0.31%) Hadoop YARN
9 1 (0.31%) logstash
9 1 (0.31%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 56 (17.34%) Oracle
2 15 (4.64%) Red Hat
3 13 (4.02%) Microsoft
4 10 (3.10%) Google
5 9 (2.79%) Charles River
6 7 (2.17%) VMware
7 6 (1.86%) IBM
7 6 (1.86%) MuleSoft
8 4 (1.24%) Atlassian
8 4 (1.24%) SAP
8 4 (1.24%) Splunk
8 4 (1.24%) webMethods
9 3 (0.93%) Apple
9 3 (0.93%) CA
9 3 (0.93%) CA Agile Central
9 3 (0.93%) Talend
9 3 (0.93%) TIBCO
10 1 (0.31%) AppDynamics
10 1 (0.31%) Hortonworks
10 1 (0.31%) Veracode