Period
to 12 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 12 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
England > London
6 months to
12 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 254 190 255
Rank change year-on-year -64 +65 -43
Contract jobs citing JUnit 231 279 444
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.98% 1.33% 1.09%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.21% 6.52% 5.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 154 202 309
10th Percentile £400 £363 £400
25th Percentile £450 £438 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £518 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year -1.38% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £625 £599 £625
90th Percentile £640 £638 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 2 0
Median hourly rate £66.50 £53.18 -
Median % change year-on-year +25.06% - -
England median hourly rate £65.54 £57.50 £48.40
% change year-on-year +13.98% +18.80% +7.56%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 4,438 4,278 8,753
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 18.83% 20.32% 21.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,123 3,121 6,323
10th Percentile £375 £375 £367
25th Percentile £450 £438 £431
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £525
75th Percentile £625 £613 £600
90th Percentile £688 £688 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 31 36
10th Percentile £37.05 £32.75 £21.75
25th Percentile £54.50 £44.63 £31.31
Median hourly rate £65.00 £50.00 £37.09
Median % change year-on-year +30.00% +34.83% -17.59%
75th Percentile £68.00 £63.75 £52.50
90th Percentile £68.36 £69.50 £56.00
England median hourly rate £47.50 £47.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit in London.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit in London over the 6 months to 12 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit in London.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the London region over the 6 months to 12 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +10 30 £600 +19.40% 11
West London +12 6 £594 +7.95% 4
East London +13 4 £498 -2.93% 5
South London +10 3 £475 -9.52% 1
JUnit
England

For the 6 months to 12 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 191 (82.68%) Java
2 134 (58.01%) Agile Software Development
3 110 (47.62%) TDD
4 101 (43.72%) Spring
5 95 (41.13%) Jenkins
6 87 (37.66%) Mockito
7 79 (34.20%) Git (software)
8 76 (32.90%) REST
9 70 (30.30%) Maven
10 69 (29.87%) Docker
11 68 (29.44%) Microservices
11 68 (29.44%) BDD
12 66 (28.57%) Cucumber
12 66 (28.57%) JIRA
13 65 (28.14%) Java 8
14 64 (27.71%) JavaScript
15 62 (26.84%) AWS
16 54 (23.38%) XML
17 53 (22.94%) Test Automation
18 52 (22.51%) RESTful
19 50 (21.65%) Kubernetes
19 50 (21.65%) Finance
19 50 (21.65%) Hibernate
20 49 (21.21%) Continuous Integration
20 49 (21.21%) DevOps
21 48 (20.78%) Banking
22 46 (19.91%) JSON
22 46 (19.91%) Social Skills
23 45 (19.48%) Continuous Delivery
24 44 (19.05%) Pair Programming

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (15.58%) Confluence
2 28 (12.12%) JBoss
3 19 (8.23%) Tomcat
4 17 (7.36%) Red Hat Fuse
5 16 (6.93%) Mule
6 15 (6.49%) WebSphere
7 9 (3.90%) Jetty
8 6 (2.60%) Apache
9 5 (2.16%) Elasticsearch
10 4 (1.73%) GlassFish
10 4 (1.73%) Oracle Coherence
10 4 (1.73%) WebLogic
10 4 (1.73%) WebSphere Application Server
11 3 (1.30%) Cloud Foundry
11 3 (1.30%) Jupyter
11 3 (1.30%) OpenStack
12 2 (0.87%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 2 (0.87%) Anypoint
12 2 (0.87%) Apache Spark
12 2 (0.87%) FileNet
Applications
1 2 (0.87%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 5 (2.16%) Adobe Campaign
2 2 (0.87%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 62 (26.84%) AWS
2 42 (18.18%) GitHub
3 32 (13.85%) Azure
4 21 (9.09%) GCP
5 15 (6.49%) AWS Lambda
5 15 (6.49%) Serverless
6 14 (6.06%) OpenShift
7 13 (5.63%) Amazon S3
8 10 (4.33%) Amazon SQS
9 7 (3.03%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 3 (1.30%) Amazon EC2
10 3 (1.30%) Amazon ECS
10 3 (1.30%) AWS CloudFormation
10 3 (1.30%) Cloud Computing
10 3 (1.30%) PaaS
11 2 (0.87%) Amazon EKS
11 2 (0.87%) Amazon ELB
11 2 (0.87%) IaaS
11 2 (0.87%) npm
11 2 (0.87%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 13 (5.63%) HTTP
2 11 (4.76%) HTTPS
3 7 (3.03%) DNS
4 5 (2.16%) DMARC
4 5 (2.16%) SMS
4 5 (2.16%) SMTP
5 2 (0.87%) DSL
5 2 (0.87%) SWIFTNet
5 2 (0.87%) VPN
6 1 (0.43%) 2G
6 1 (0.43%) FTP
6 1 (0.43%) Internet
6 1 (0.43%) NFC
Database & Business Intelligence
1 29 (12.55%) MongoDB
2 28 (12.12%) SQL Server
3 25 (10.82%) NoSQL
3 25 (10.82%) Relational Database
4 17 (7.36%) MySQL
4 17 (7.36%) PostgreSQL
5 5 (2.16%) CockroachDB
5 5 (2.16%) Redis
6 4 (1.73%) RDBMS
7 3 (1.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 3 (1.30%) Hadoop
7 3 (1.30%) SQLPlus
8 2 (0.87%) Amazon RDS
8 2 (0.87%) Oracle Database
8 2 (0.87%) PowerCenter
9 1 (0.43%) Apache Cassandra
9 1 (0.43%) Apache Hive
9 1 (0.43%) Big Data
9 1 (0.43%) Geospatial Data
9 1 (0.43%) GIS
Development Applications
1 95 (41.13%) Jenkins
2 87 (37.66%) Mockito
3 79 (34.20%) Git (software)
4 70 (30.30%) Maven
5 66 (28.57%) Cucumber
5 66 (28.57%) JIRA
6 40 (17.32%) Selenium
7 35 (15.15%) Gradle
8 22 (9.52%) Subversion
9 20 (8.66%) IntelliJ
10 18 (7.79%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 17 (7.36%) git-flow
11 17 (7.36%) jMock
12 16 (6.93%) SonarQube
13 15 (6.49%) GitLab
13 15 (6.49%) JMeter
14 14 (6.06%) Postman
15 13 (5.63%) Eclipse
16 11 (4.76%) Hudson
16 11 (4.76%) REST Assured
General
1 50 (21.65%) Finance
2 48 (20.78%) Banking
3 46 (19.91%) Social Skills
4 23 (9.96%) Analytical Skills
5 18 (7.79%) Investment Banking
6 12 (5.19%) Front Office
7 6 (2.60%) Public Sector
7 6 (2.60%) Wearables
8 5 (2.16%) Marketing
9 3 (1.30%) Presentation Skills
10 2 (0.87%) Advertising
10 2 (0.87%) Back Office
10 2 (0.87%) Manufacturing
10 2 (0.87%) Multimedia
10 2 (0.87%) Pharmaceutical
10 2 (0.87%) Retail
10 2 (0.87%) Retail Banking
11 1 (0.43%) Financial Institution
11 1 (0.43%) Law
11 1 (0.43%) Legal
Job Titles
1 162 (70.13%) Developer
2 107 (46.32%) Java Developer
3 30 (12.99%) Senior Developer
4 26 (11.26%) Senior Java Developer
5 22 (9.52%) Android Developer
6 15 (6.49%) Integration Developer
6 15 (6.49%) Java Middleware Developer
6 15 (6.49%) Middleware Developer
7 13 (5.63%) Full Stack Developer
8 12 (5.19%) Tester
9 11 (4.76%) Android Engineer
10 10 (4.33%) Senior Integration Developer
10 10 (4.33%) Senior Middleware Developer
10 10 (4.33%) Software Engineer
11 9 (3.90%) Automation Tester
11 9 (3.90%) AWS Developer
12 8 (3.46%) Agile Java Developer
12 8 (3.46%) Java Engineer
12 8 (3.46%) JavaScript Developer
12 8 (3.46%) SC Cleared Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 101 (43.72%) Spring
2 76 (32.90%) REST
3 54 (23.38%) XML
4 52 (22.51%) RESTful
5 50 (21.65%) Hibernate
6 46 (19.91%) JSON
7 44 (19.05%) Web Services
8 43 (18.61%) HTML
9 32 (13.85%) Spring Boot
10 31 (13.42%) JMS
11 27 (11.69%) RxJava
12 26 (11.26%) Node.js
12 26 (11.26%) SOAP
13 25 (10.82%) AngularJS
13 25 (10.82%) Java EE
14 22 (9.52%) CSS
14 22 (9.52%) Dagger
15 21 (9.09%) React
16 18 (7.79%) Middleware
17 17 (7.36%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 19 (8.23%) Algorithms
2 18 (7.79%) Mobile App
3 17 (7.36%) Fixed Income
4 16 (6.93%) Data Structures
5 14 (6.06%) User Experience
6 13 (5.63%) Enterprise Software
7 11 (4.76%) Animation
8 7 (3.03%) iPhone
9 6 (2.60%) Cloud Native
9 6 (2.60%) Self-Motivation
10 5 (2.16%) Greenfield Project
10 5 (2.16%) Marketing Technology
10 5 (2.16%) Mobile Payment
11 4 (1.73%) Clustering
11 4 (1.73%) Credit Risk
11 4 (1.73%) Reference Data
12 3 (1.30%) Hybrid Cloud
12 3 (1.30%) Private Cloud
13 2 (0.87%) SWIFT
13 2 (0.87%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 40 (17.32%) Linux
2 33 (14.29%) Android
2 33 (14.29%) Unix
3 11 (4.76%) Apple iOS
4 7 (3.03%) Windows
5 2 (0.87%) Debian
5 2 (0.87%) Ubuntu
5 2 (0.87%) VMS
6 1 (0.43%) CentOS
6 1 (0.43%) Windows Server 2008
6 1 (0.43%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 134 (58.01%) Agile Software Development
2 110 (47.62%) TDD
3 68 (29.44%) BDD
3 68 (29.44%) Microservices
4 53 (22.94%) Test Automation
5 49 (21.21%) Continuous Integration
5 49 (21.21%) DevOps
6 45 (19.48%) Continuous Delivery
7 44 (19.05%) Pair Programming
8 43 (18.61%) Scrum
9 39 (16.88%) Unit Testing
10 37 (16.02%) OO
11 34 (14.72%) Software Engineering
12 28 (12.12%) Android Development
13 26 (11.26%) MVC
13 26 (11.26%) SDLC
14 20 (8.66%) Build Automation
15 19 (8.23%) OOD
15 19 (8.23%) Open Source
16 18 (7.79%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 191 (82.68%) Java
2 65 (28.14%) Java 8
3 64 (27.71%) JavaScript
4 39 (16.88%) SQL
5 30 (12.99%) Kotlin
5 30 (12.99%) Python
6 19 (8.23%) Scala
7 12 (5.19%) Shell Script
8 11 (4.76%) PL/SQL
9 9 (3.90%) Java 9
9 9 (3.90%) TypeScript
10 8 (3.46%) C++
10 8 (3.46%) PowerShell
11 7 (3.03%) Apple Swift
11 7 (3.03%) Objective-C
12 6 (2.60%) ES6
13 4 (1.73%) Groovy
13 4 (1.73%) Ruby
13 4 (1.73%) XPath
14 3 (1.30%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 37 (16.02%) Security Cleared
2 30 (12.99%) SC Cleared
3 8 (3.46%) Degree
4 5 (2.16%) AWS Certification
4 5 (2.16%) Computer Science Degree
4 5 (2.16%) DV Cleared
5 2 (0.87%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.43%) ISTQB
6 1 (0.43%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (9.96%) QA
2 5 (2.16%) Data Quality
2 5 (2.16%) GDPR
3 2 (0.87%) ISO 15022
3 2 (0.87%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.43%) PMO
System Software
1 69 (29.87%) Docker
2 2 (0.87%) Active Directory
2 2 (0.87%) KVM
2 2 (0.87%) Virtual Machines
2 2 (0.87%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1 (0.43%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 50 (21.65%) Kubernetes
2 18 (7.79%) Ansible
3 12 (5.19%) Terraform
4 8 (3.46%) Grafana
5 6 (2.60%) Puppet
6 5 (2.16%) Prometheus
7 2 (0.87%) HP Fortify
7 2 (0.87%) Istio
7 2 (0.87%) Kibana
7 2 (0.87%) Kustomize
7 2 (0.87%) logstash
7 2 (0.87%) Nagios
7 2 (0.87%) Opscode Chef
7 2 (0.87%) ZABBIX
8 1 (0.43%) CloudHub
8 1 (0.43%) Consul
8 1 (0.43%) Graphite
8 1 (0.43%) HP ALM
8 1 (0.43%) Mesos
Vendors
1 21 (9.09%) Oracle
2 15 (6.49%) Sybase
3 13 (5.63%) Atlassian
4 12 (5.19%) Google
5 10 (4.33%) Murex
6 9 (3.90%) Adobe
7 8 (3.46%) Microsoft
8 4 (1.73%) CA
8 4 (1.73%) CA Agile Central
8 4 (1.73%) Splunk
8 4 (1.73%) webMethods
9 3 (1.30%) hybris
9 3 (1.30%) IBM
9 3 (1.30%) Red Hat
10 2 (0.87%) CheckPoint
10 2 (0.87%) Dell
10 2 (0.87%) Informatica
10 2 (0.87%) JDA
10 2 (0.87%) SAP
10 2 (0.87%) VMware