Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
England > London
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 322 255 183
Rank change year-on-year -67 -72 +89
Contract jobs citing JUnit 301 284 250
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.76% 1.03% 1.43%
As % of the Development Applications category 3.94% 5.35% 6.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 206 201 172
10th Percentile £420 £406 £363
25th Percentile £500 £463 £442
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £619 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +17.86% - -
75th Percentile £725 £640 £611
90th Percentile £788 £713 £663
England median daily rate £575 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +15.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 3 1
10th Percentile £36.75 £33.20 -
25th Percentile £37.50 £45.13 £53.75
Median hourly rate £39.50 £65.00 £57.50
Median % change year-on-year -39.23% +13.04% -
75th Percentile £42.00 £66.50 £61.25
90th Percentile £43.05 £67.40 -
England median hourly rate £70.00 £65.52 £57.75
% change year-on-year +6.84% +13.45% +5.99%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 7,632 5,309 3,712
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 19.27% 19.33% 21.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,501 3,690 2,734
10th Percentile £413 £388 £383
25th Percentile £500 £455 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £536 £525
Median % change year-on-year +11.89% +2.14% -
75th Percentile £700 £638 £625
90th Percentile £800 £713 £700
England median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 53 17 23
10th Percentile £16.43 £27.50 £32.55
25th Percentile £38.40 £37.50 £45.13
Median hourly rate £44.50 £59.00 £51.00
Median % change year-on-year -24.58% +15.69% +13.55%
75th Percentile £53.75 £68.00 £63.75
90th Percentile £74.90 £68.62 £64.95
England median hourly rate £52.50 £50.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit in London.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit in London over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit in London.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the London region over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -40 32 £700 +12.00% 16
East London -10 2 £483 -3.02% 2
South London -19 1 - -
JUnit
England

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 278 (92.36%) Java
2 159 (52.82%) Agile
3 145 (48.17%) Spring
4 121 (40.20%) Jenkins
5 118 (39.20%) TDD
6 113 (37.54%) Git (software)
7 103 (34.22%) REST
8 102 (33.89%) Maven
9 99 (32.89%) Mockito
10 98 (32.56%) Spring Boot
11 95 (31.56%) Microservices
12 94 (31.23%) Oracle
13 88 (29.24%) Docker
14 81 (26.91%) Hibernate
15 79 (26.25%) Cucumber
15 79 (26.25%) CI/CD
16 76 (25.25%) Test Automation
17 72 (23.92%) Linux
18 71 (23.59%) JavaScript
18 71 (23.59%) Finance
19 69 (22.92%) SQL
20 68 (22.59%) Gradle
21 67 (22.26%) DevOps
22 65 (21.59%) Scrum
23 64 (21.26%) BDD
24 60 (19.93%) Social Skills
25 57 (18.94%) Software Engineering
26 56 (18.60%) AWS
27 55 (18.27%) SQL Server
28 52 (17.28%) Relational Database

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (11.96%) JBoss
2 30 (9.97%) Confluence
3 19 (6.31%) Mule
4 18 (5.98%) Red Hat Fuse
5 7 (2.33%) Apache
6 5 (1.66%) Tomcat
6 5 (1.66%) WebSphere
7 4 (1.33%) OpenStack
8 3 (1.00%) Apache Spark
8 3 (1.00%) Jetty
9 2 (0.66%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 2 (0.66%) Anypoint
9 2 (0.66%) GlassFish
9 2 (0.66%) Oracle Coherence
10 1 (0.33%) Cloud Foundry
10 1 (0.33%) ColdFusion
10 1 (0.33%) Documentum
10 1 (0.33%) FileNet
10 1 (0.33%) nginx
10 1 (0.33%) WildFly
Applications
1 1 (0.33%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (0.33%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 56 (18.60%) AWS
2 44 (14.62%) Azure
3 39 (12.96%) GitHub
4 29 (9.63%) GCP
5 19 (6.31%) npm
6 14 (4.65%) Amazon EC2
6 14 (4.65%) AWS Lambda
6 14 (4.65%) Serverless
7 13 (4.32%) Amazon S3
8 11 (3.65%) Amazon SQS
8 11 (3.65%) GitHub Actions
8 11 (3.65%) OpenShift
9 8 (2.66%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 6 (1.99%) Apigee
10 6 (1.99%) AWS CodePipeline
10 6 (1.99%) Google Kubernetes Engine
11 3 (1.00%) Azure DevOps
11 3 (1.00%) Google Play
11 3 (1.00%) Slack
12 2 (0.66%) Google Pay
Communications & Networking
1 21 (6.98%) Internet
2 12 (3.99%) HTTP
3 4 (1.33%) HTTPS
4 2 (0.66%) FTP
5 1 (0.33%) 2G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 55 (18.27%) SQL Server
2 52 (17.28%) Relational Database
3 39 (12.96%) MongoDB
4 38 (12.62%) MySQL
5 30 (9.97%) PostgreSQL
6 22 (7.31%) Redis
7 14 (4.65%) SQLPlus
8 10 (3.32%) DynamoDB
8 10 (3.32%) Hazelcast
9 9 (2.99%) Amazon RDS
9 9 (2.99%) NoSQL
10 8 (2.66%) Big Data
11 7 (2.33%) Hadoop
11 7 (2.33%) RDBMS
12 5 (1.66%) Elasticsearch
12 5 (1.66%) Impala
12 5 (1.66%) Oracle Database
13 3 (1.00%) Apache Cassandra
13 3 (1.00%) Apache Hive
14 2 (0.66%) HSQLDB
Development Applications
1 121 (40.20%) Jenkins
2 113 (37.54%) Git (software)
3 102 (33.89%) Maven
4 99 (32.89%) Mockito
5 79 (26.25%) Cucumber
6 68 (22.59%) Gradle
7 46 (15.28%) JIRA
8 37 (12.29%) GitLab
9 34 (11.30%) Subversion
10 32 (10.63%) Selenium
11 30 (9.97%) IntelliJ
12 29 (9.63%) SonarQube
13 23 (7.64%) jMock
14 19 (6.31%) Android Studio
15 17 (5.65%) Bitbucket
16 16 (5.32%) Concordion
17 15 (4.98%) Postman
18 13 (4.32%) JBehave
18 13 (4.32%) JMeter
18 13 (4.32%) REST Assured
General
1 71 (23.59%) Finance
2 60 (19.93%) Social Skills
3 51 (16.94%) Front Office
4 48 (15.95%) Banking
5 36 (11.96%) Analytical Skills
6 27 (8.97%) Investment Banking
7 16 (5.32%) Public Sector
8 8 (2.66%) Financial Institution
9 7 (2.33%) Automotive
10 6 (1.99%) Retail
11 5 (1.66%) Legal
12 2 (0.66%) Games
12 2 (0.66%) Retail Banking
13 1 (0.33%) Back Office
13 1 (0.33%) Electronics
13 1 (0.33%) German Language
13 1 (0.33%) Law
13 1 (0.33%) Manufacturing
13 1 (0.33%) Marketing
13 1 (0.33%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 231 (76.74%) Developer
2 183 (60.80%) Java Developer
3 40 (13.29%) Senior Developer
4 33 (10.96%) Senior Java Developer
5 24 (7.97%) Front Office Developer
6 21 (6.98%) Integration Developer
7 18 (5.98%) Android Developer
8 17 (5.65%) Full Stack Developer
8 17 (5.65%) Java Middleware Developer
8 17 (5.65%) Middleware Developer
9 15 (4.98%) Agile Developer
10 14 (4.65%) Agile Java Developer
11 13 (4.32%) Java Engineer
12 10 (3.32%) Software Engineer
12 10 (3.32%) Test Engineer
13 9 (2.99%) DevOps Engineer
13 9 (2.99%) GCP Developer
13 9 (2.99%) Software Developer
14 7 (2.33%) DevOps Developer
14 7 (2.33%) Senior Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 145 (48.17%) Spring
2 103 (34.22%) REST
3 98 (32.56%) Spring Boot
4 81 (26.91%) Hibernate
5 50 (16.61%) Web Services
6 47 (15.61%) Kafka
7 46 (15.28%) JMS
8 41 (13.62%) JPA
9 38 (12.62%) JSON
10 37 (12.29%) J2EE
10 37 (12.29%) React
11 36 (11.96%) HTML
12 30 (9.97%) FIX Protocol
13 28 (9.30%) JSF
14 25 (8.31%) Gherkin
14 25 (8.31%) Node.js
15 24 (7.97%) HTML5
16 23 (7.64%) CSS
17 22 (7.31%) AngularJS
17 22 (7.31%) pytest
Miscellaneous
1 29 (9.63%) Algorithms
2 25 (8.31%) Fixed Income
3 16 (5.32%) Enterprise Software
4 14 (4.65%) Management Information System
4 14 (4.65%) Mobile App
5 10 (3.32%) Greenfield Project
6 9 (2.99%) Self-Motivation
7 6 (1.99%) Data Structures
8 5 (1.66%) Cloud Native
8 5 (1.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 5 (1.66%) User Experience
9 4 (1.33%) Credit Risk
10 3 (1.00%) Hedge funds
10 3 (1.00%) Legacy Applications
10 3 (1.00%) NHS
11 2 (0.66%) Data Protection Act
11 2 (0.66%) Legacy Code
11 2 (0.66%) Mobile Banking
11 2 (0.66%) Public Cloud
11 2 (0.66%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 72 (23.92%) Linux
2 28 (9.30%) Android
2 28 (9.30%) Unix
3 22 (7.31%) Windows
4 6 (1.99%) Apple iOS
5 2 (0.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 2 (0.66%) Windows Server
5 2 (0.66%) Windows Server 2016
6 1 (0.33%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 159 (52.82%) Agile
2 118 (39.20%) TDD
3 95 (31.56%) Microservices
4 79 (26.25%) CI/CD
5 76 (25.25%) Test Automation
6 67 (22.26%) DevOps
7 65 (21.59%) Scrum
8 64 (21.26%) BDD
9 57 (18.94%) Software Engineering
10 50 (16.61%) Event-Driven
11 47 (15.61%) Problem-Solving
12 46 (15.28%) Unit Testing
13 41 (13.62%) Multithreading
14 37 (12.29%) Continuous Integration
15 33 (10.96%) Full Stack Development
15 33 (10.96%) OO
16 31 (10.30%) Kanban
17 30 (9.97%) Event-Driven Programming
17 30 (9.97%) Integration Testing
18 27 (8.97%) Multithreaded Programming
Programming Languages
1 278 (92.36%) Java
2 71 (23.59%) JavaScript
3 69 (22.92%) SQL
4 39 (12.96%) Python
5 30 (9.97%) Kotlin
6 24 (7.97%) PL/SQL
7 19 (6.31%) TypeScript
8 12 (3.99%) Shell Script
9 8 (2.66%) Groovy
10 7 (2.33%) C#
10 7 (2.33%) PowerShell
11 6 (1.99%) ES6
11 6 (1.99%) PHP
11 6 (1.99%) Ruby
12 5 (1.66%) Go
12 5 (1.66%) Scala
13 3 (1.00%) C
13 3 (1.00%) C++
14 2 (0.66%) Bash
14 2 (0.66%) SPARQL
Qualifications
1 28 (9.30%) Degree
2 23 (7.64%) Security Cleared
3 21 (6.98%) SC Cleared
4 19 (6.31%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (1.00%) BPSS Clearance
6 2 (0.66%) DV Cleared
6 2 (0.66%) Master's Degree
6 2 (0.66%) MBA
6 2 (0.66%) Numerate Degree
6 2 (0.66%) OCPJP
6 2 (0.66%) PhD
6 2 (0.66%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (5.65%) QA
2 4 (1.33%) Accessibility
3 3 (1.00%) GDPR
4 1 (0.33%) FATCA
4 1 (0.33%) NCSC
System Software
1 88 (29.24%) Docker
2 5 (1.66%) VirtualBox
3 2 (0.66%) HDFS
3 2 (0.66%) Postfix
4 1 (0.33%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.33%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.33%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 52 (17.28%) Kubernetes
2 30 (9.97%) Ansible
3 19 (6.31%) Puppet
4 14 (4.65%) Kibana
5 12 (3.99%) Opscode Chef
6 8 (2.66%) Grafana
6 8 (2.66%) Terraform
7 4 (1.33%) Prometheus
8 2 (0.66%) Control-M
8 2 (0.66%) HP Fortify
8 2 (0.66%) ITRS Geneos
8 2 (0.66%) Nagios
9 1 (0.33%) CA Single Sign-On
9 1 (0.33%) Consul
9 1 (0.33%) HP ALM
9 1 (0.33%) Istio
9 1 (0.33%) Rancher
Vendors
1 94 (31.23%) Oracle
2 22 (7.31%) ION Trading
3 20 (6.64%) Sybase
4 16 (5.32%) Google
4 16 (5.32%) Microsoft
5 11 (3.65%) IBM
6 10 (3.32%) CA Agile Central
7 9 (2.99%) CA
8 7 (2.33%) AppDynamics
9 6 (1.99%) Confluent
10 5 (1.66%) ForgeRock
10 5 (1.66%) New Relic
11 4 (1.33%) Black Duck
11 4 (1.33%) Checkmarx
11 4 (1.33%) Splunk
12 3 (1.00%) Atlassian
12 3 (1.00%) Red Hat
13 2 (0.66%) Apple
13 2 (0.66%) Huawei
13 2 (0.66%) VMware