Period
to 17 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 17 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
England > London
6 months to
17 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 327 234 254
Rank change year-on-year -93 +20 -36
Contract jobs citing JUnit 261 165 309
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.70% 0.97% 1.02%
As % of the Development Applications category 3.62% 5.34% 5.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 193 103 236
10th Percentile £413 £380 £400
25th Percentile £475 £425 £430
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £500 £525
Median % change year-on-year +20.00% -4.76% -2.33%
75th Percentile £688 £588 £588
90th Percentile £775 £638 £632
England median daily rate £550 £475 £500
% change year-on-year +15.79% -5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 2
10th Percentile £58.60 " "
25th Percentile £64.75 " £44.43
Median hourly rate £80.00 £42.00 £48.85
Median % change year-on-year +90.48% -14.02% -
75th Percentile £85.00 " £53.28
90th Percentile " " "
England median hourly rate £65.50 £58.00 £48.85
% change year-on-year +12.93% +18.73% +8.56%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 7,216 3,088 5,642
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 19.48% 18.12% 18.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,223 2,206 4,122
10th Percentile £413 £350 £375
25th Percentile £490 £419 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £500 £525
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% -4.76% -
75th Percentile £675 £600 £600
90th Percentile £750 £660 £675
England median daily rate £550 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +15.79% - -2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 61 10 27
10th Percentile " £40.30 £18.32
25th Percentile £39.75 £52.13 £44.09
Median hourly rate £50.50 £55.00 £49.28
Median % change year-on-year -8.18% +11.62% +34.37%
75th Percentile £71.35 £67.63 £78.75
90th Percentile £80.50 £69.08 "
England median hourly rate £53.13 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +18.06% - +2.86%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit in London.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit in London over the 6 months to 17 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit in London.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing JUnit in London over the 6 months to 17 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the London region over the 6 months to 17 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
West London -7 20 £625 - 3
Central London -65 16 £488 -12.36% 20
South London -6 3 £480 -5.19% 3
East London -9 1 £500 - 10
JUnit
England

For the 6 months to 17 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 239 (91.57%) Java
2 168 (64.37%) Agile Software Development
3 139 (53.26%) Spring
4 123 (47.13%) Jenkins
5 117 (44.83%) Git (software)
6 108 (41.38%) TDD
7 101 (38.70%) Mockito
8 96 (36.78%) Microservices
9 95 (36.40%) REST
10 90 (34.48%) Test Automation
11 86 (32.95%) DevOps
12 84 (32.18%) Spring Boot
13 79 (30.27%) Scrum
14 78 (29.89%) Docker
15 76 (29.12%) Maven
15 76 (29.12%) Java 8
16 72 (27.59%) Web Services
17 69 (26.44%) Unit Testing
18 66 (25.29%) Linux
19 62 (23.75%) Finance
19 62 (23.75%) Software Engineering
20 56 (21.46%) SQL
20 56 (21.46%) Java 11
21 54 (20.69%) Social Skills
22 53 (20.31%) Cucumber
23 51 (19.54%) Azure
23 51 (19.54%) Kubernetes
23 51 (19.54%) JavaScript
23 51 (19.54%) Hibernate
24 50 (19.16%) BDD

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (11.49%) Confluence
2 19 (7.28%) Adobe Experience Manager
3 18 (6.90%) JBoss
4 17 (6.51%) CMS
5 16 (6.13%) Mule
6 14 (5.36%) Tomcat
7 13 (4.98%) Elasticsearch
7 13 (4.98%) Red Hat Fuse
8 8 (3.07%) Jetty
8 8 (3.07%) WebSphere
9 5 (1.92%) Apache Spark
9 5 (1.92%) OpenStack
10 4 (1.53%) Apache
10 4 (1.53%) Apache Pulsar
10 4 (1.53%) Headless CMS
10 4 (1.53%) Magnolia
11 3 (1.15%) Cloud Foundry
11 3 (1.15%) FileNet
11 3 (1.15%) Oracle Coherence
12 2 (0.77%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 1 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.38%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (1.15%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.38%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 51 (19.54%) Azure
2 49 (18.77%) AWS
3 45 (17.24%) GitHub
4 27 (10.34%) GCP
5 16 (6.13%) Sauce Labs
6 14 (5.36%) BrowserStack
7 10 (3.83%) OpenShift
8 9 (3.45%) Serverless
9 7 (2.68%) GitHub Actions
10 6 (2.30%) Azure Service Bus
11 5 (1.92%) Amazon SQS
11 5 (1.92%) AWS Lambda
11 5 (1.92%) BlazeMeter
11 5 (1.92%) Trello
12 4 (1.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 4 (1.53%) Collibra
12 4 (1.53%) dbt
12 4 (1.53%) SaaS
12 4 (1.53%) Slack
12 4 (1.53%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 28 (10.73%) HTTP
2 1 (0.38%) DNS
2 1 (0.38%) HTTPS
2 1 (0.38%) Internet
2 1 (0.38%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 38 (14.56%) MongoDB
2 29 (11.11%) PostgreSQL
3 28 (10.73%) NoSQL
3 28 (10.73%) Relational Database
4 25 (9.58%) MySQL
4 25 (9.58%) SQL Server
5 13 (4.98%) Redis
6 11 (4.21%) Apache Cassandra
6 11 (4.21%) Oracle Database
7 6 (2.30%) Neo4j
8 5 (1.92%) Amazon Redshift
8 5 (1.92%) Big Data
8 5 (1.92%) Hadoop
9 4 (1.53%) Amazon RDS
9 4 (1.53%) BigQuery
9 4 (1.53%) Cloudant
9 4 (1.53%) DB2
9 4 (1.53%) HBase
9 4 (1.53%) RDBMS
10 3 (1.15%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 123 (47.13%) Jenkins
2 117 (44.83%) Git (software)
3 101 (38.70%) Mockito
4 76 (29.12%) Maven
5 53 (20.31%) Cucumber
6 48 (18.39%) JIRA
7 38 (14.56%) Selenium
8 30 (11.49%) Bitbucket
9 26 (9.96%) Subversion
10 22 (8.43%) Gradle
10 22 (8.43%) jMock
10 22 (8.43%) TestNG
11 20 (7.66%) GitLab
12 18 (6.90%) JMeter
13 17 (6.51%) SonarQube
14 13 (4.98%) Postman
15 12 (4.60%) Appium
15 12 (4.60%) Gatling
15 12 (4.60%) SoapUI
15 12 (4.60%) WebDriver
General
1 62 (23.75%) Finance
2 54 (20.69%) Social Skills
3 33 (12.64%) Banking
4 24 (9.20%) Front Office
5 23 (8.81%) Investment Banking
6 18 (6.90%) Presentation Skills
7 17 (6.51%) Marketing
8 15 (5.75%) Retail
9 7 (2.68%) Analytical Skills
10 6 (2.30%) Electronics
11 5 (1.92%) Public Sector
12 4 (1.53%) Telecoms
13 3 (1.15%) Back Office
14 2 (0.77%) Automotive
15 1 (0.38%) Documentation Skills
15 1 (0.38%) Influencing Skills
15 1 (0.38%) Legal
15 1 (0.38%) Manufacturing
15 1 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 177 (67.82%) Developer
2 134 (51.34%) Java Developer
3 32 (12.26%) Senior Developer
4 24 (9.20%) Senior Java Developer
5 15 (5.75%) Architect
6 12 (4.60%) Integration Developer
7 11 (4.21%) Java Middleware Developer
7 11 (4.21%) Middleware Developer
7 11 (4.21%) Software Engineer
8 10 (3.83%) DevOps Engineer
8 10 (3.83%) Software Developer
9 8 (3.07%) Android Developer
9 8 (3.07%) Java Engineer
9 8 (3.07%) Test Engineer
10 7 (2.68%) Azure Developer
10 7 (2.68%) Backend Developer
10 7 (2.68%) Lead Architect
10 7 (2.68%) Tester
11 6 (2.30%) Automation Engineer
11 6 (2.30%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 139 (53.26%) Spring
2 95 (36.40%) REST
3 84 (32.18%) Spring Boot
4 72 (27.59%) Web Services
5 51 (19.54%) Hibernate
6 43 (16.48%) RESTful
7 41 (15.71%) Kafka
8 35 (13.41%) CSS
9 28 (10.73%) HTML
9 28 (10.73%) React
10 27 (10.34%) XML
11 25 (9.58%) Node.js
12 24 (9.20%) SOAP
13 22 (8.43%) JPA
14 21 (8.05%) AngularJS
14 21 (8.05%) JSON
15 20 (7.66%) Apache Camel
15 20 (7.66%) Middleware
16 19 (7.28%) Java EE
17 18 (6.90%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 18 (6.90%) Mobile App
2 13 (4.98%) Social Media
3 11 (4.21%) Algorithms
4 8 (3.07%) Enterprise Software
4 8 (3.07%) Greenfield Project
5 5 (1.92%) Data Structures
5 5 (1.92%) User Experience
6 4 (1.53%) Blog
6 4 (1.53%) Cloud Native
6 4 (1.53%) Credit Risk
6 4 (1.53%) iPad
6 4 (1.53%) Legacy Code
6 4 (1.53%) Legacy Systems
6 4 (1.53%) Management Information System
6 4 (1.53%) PKI
6 4 (1.53%) Public Cloud
7 3 (1.15%) Equities
7 3 (1.15%) Equity Derivative
7 3 (1.15%) Legacy Applications
7 3 (1.15%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 66 (25.29%) Linux
2 22 (8.43%) Windows
3 21 (8.05%) Unix
4 18 (6.90%) Android
5 14 (5.36%) Apple iOS
6 5 (1.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.77%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.77%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.38%) Debian
8 1 (0.38%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 168 (64.37%) Agile Software Development
2 108 (41.38%) TDD
3 96 (36.78%) Microservices
4 90 (34.48%) Test Automation
5 86 (32.95%) DevOps
6 79 (30.27%) Scrum
7 69 (26.44%) Unit Testing
8 62 (23.75%) Software Engineering
9 50 (19.16%) BDD
10 40 (15.33%) Continuous Integration
11 39 (14.94%) Multithreading
12 33 (12.64%) Pair Programming
13 31 (11.88%) OO
14 28 (10.73%) SDLC
15 23 (8.81%) Open Source
15 23 (8.81%) Problem-Solving
16 20 (7.66%) Kanban
16 20 (7.66%) Mentoring
16 20 (7.66%) SDET
17 19 (7.28%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 239 (91.57%) Java
2 76 (29.12%) Java 8
3 56 (21.46%) Java 11
3 56 (21.46%) SQL
4 51 (19.54%) JavaScript
5 23 (8.81%) Scala
6 19 (7.28%) Python
7 17 (6.51%) Shell Script
8 15 (5.75%) Kotlin
9 13 (4.98%) Groovy
10 9 (3.45%) C#
11 7 (2.68%) PL/SQL
12 6 (2.30%) Bash
13 5 (1.92%) Ruby
14 2 (0.77%) Apple Swift
14 2 (0.77%) C++
14 2 (0.77%) Go
14 2 (0.77%) Objective-C
14 2 (0.77%) TypeScript
15 1 (0.38%) C
Qualifications
1 24 (9.20%) Security Cleared
2 22 (8.43%) SC Cleared
3 14 (5.36%) Degree
4 11 (4.21%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (1.92%) ISTQB
5 5 (1.92%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 1 (0.38%) DV Cleared
6 1 (0.38%) ISEB
6 1 (0.38%) Master's Degree
6 1 (0.38%) Numerate Degree
6 1 (0.38%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (11.49%) Accessibility
2 28 (10.73%) QA
3 10 (3.83%) WCAG
System Software
1 78 (29.89%) Docker
2 3 (1.15%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.77%) Postfix
4 1 (0.38%) HDFS
4 1 (0.38%) Hyper-V
4 1 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 51 (19.54%) Kubernetes
2 18 (6.90%) Kibana
3 17 (6.51%) Terraform
4 15 (5.75%) Ansible
5 13 (4.98%) Grafana
6 7 (2.68%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (2.68%) Prometheus
6 7 (2.68%) Puppet
7 5 (1.92%) logstash
8 4 (1.53%) Marathon
8 4 (1.53%) Mesos
9 3 (1.15%) Nagios
9 3 (1.15%) ZABBIX
10 2 (0.77%) Graphite
11 1 (0.38%) Amdocs OSS
11 1 (0.38%) Hadoop YARN
11 1 (0.38%) HP ALM
11 1 (0.38%) Oozie
11 1 (0.38%) Rancher
Vendors
1 33 (12.64%) Oracle
2 19 (7.28%) Adobe
3 17 (6.51%) Google
4 14 (5.36%) Sybase
5 11 (4.21%) Perfecto Mobile
6 8 (3.07%) Microsoft
6 8 (3.07%) New Relic
7 6 (2.30%) MuleSoft
8 5 (1.92%) Murex
9 4 (1.53%) Atlassian
9 4 (1.53%) IBM
9 4 (1.53%) Teradata
10 3 (1.15%) Red Hat
10 3 (1.15%) Solace
11 2 (0.77%) AppDynamics
11 2 (0.77%) Dynatrace
11 2 (0.77%) Huawei
11 2 (0.77%) Sonatype
12 1 (0.38%) ION Trading
12 1 (0.38%) Splunk