Period
to 17 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
England > London
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 279 203 294
Rank change year-on-year -76 +91 -82
Contract jobs citing JUnit 327 163 313
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.93% 1.18% 0.85%
As % of the Development Applications category 4.78% 6.12% 4.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 258 105 223
10th Percentile £413 £378 £400
25th Percentile £476 £425 £431
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £500 £525
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% -4.76% -2.33%
75th Percentile £670 £573 £588
90th Percentile £740 £653 £638
England median daily rate £525 £475 £500
% change year-on-year +10.53% -5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 0
Median hourly rate £42.25 - -
England median hourly rate £65.50 - £49.34

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 6,843 2,663 6,855
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 19.42% 19.32% 18.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,875 1,919 4,980
10th Percentile £406 £363 £363
25th Percentile £475 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £520 £525
Median % change year-on-year +5.77% -0.95% +3.96%
75th Percentile £663 £600 £600
90th Percentile £725 £705 £675
England median daily rate £525 £495 £475
% change year-on-year +6.06% +4.21% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 4 17
10th Percentile £25.93 £27.33 £18.32
25th Percentile £41.81 £30.81 £31.25
Median hourly rate £59.50 £42.25 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +40.83% -15.50% +66.67%
75th Percentile £64.88 £54.25 £55.50
90th Percentile £80.38 £54.70 £60.50
England median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £46.50
% change year-on-year +11.11% -3.23% +9.41%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit in London.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit in London over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit in London.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing JUnit in London over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the London region over the 6 months to 17 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -46 34 £620 +22.47% 19
West London -8 12 £613 +4.26% 13
South London 0 6 £523 +4.50% 2
East London -8 4 £498 - 2
JUnit
England

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 295 (90.21%) Java
2 229 (70.03%) Agile Software Development
3 176 (53.82%) Spring
4 155 (47.40%) TDD
5 139 (42.51%) Mockito
6 138 (42.20%) Git (software)
7 135 (41.28%) Jenkins
8 121 (37.00%) Microservices
9 105 (32.11%) Java 8
10 103 (31.50%) Docker
11 101 (30.89%) REST
12 100 (30.58%) DevOps
12 100 (30.58%) Unit Testing
13 98 (29.97%) Scrum
14 95 (29.05%) Test Automation
15 92 (28.13%) Web Services
16 90 (27.52%) Maven
17 85 (25.99%) Spring Boot
18 78 (23.85%) BDD
19 74 (22.63%) Linux
20 73 (22.32%) Finance
21 71 (21.71%) Kubernetes
22 70 (21.41%) RESTful
23 68 (20.80%) AWS
23 68 (20.80%) JavaScript
23 68 (20.80%) Software Engineering
24 66 (20.18%) GitHub
25 64 (19.57%) JIRA
26 63 (19.27%) Cucumber
27 62 (18.96%) Social Skills

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (10.09%) Confluence
2 30 (9.17%) Adobe Experience Manager
3 25 (7.65%) JBoss
4 20 (6.12%) CMS
4 20 (6.12%) Mule
4 20 (6.12%) Tomcat
5 18 (5.50%) Red Hat Fuse
6 14 (4.28%) Elasticsearch
7 13 (3.98%) WebSphere
8 11 (3.36%) Jetty
9 8 (2.45%) Apache
9 8 (2.45%) OpenStack
10 7 (2.14%) FileNet
11 5 (1.53%) Apache Spark
12 4 (1.22%) Cloud Foundry
12 4 (1.22%) Headless CMS
12 4 (1.22%) Magnolia
13 3 (0.92%) WebLogic
14 2 (0.61%) Jupyter
14 2 (0.61%) Mule ESB
Business Applications
1 4 (1.22%) SAP Hybris
2 2 (0.61%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.31%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 68 (20.80%) AWS
2 66 (20.18%) GitHub
3 43 (13.15%) Azure
4 37 (11.31%) GCP
5 25 (7.65%) Serverless
6 18 (5.50%) OpenShift
7 14 (4.28%) AWS Lambda
8 11 (3.36%) Sauce Labs
9 10 (3.06%) BlazeMeter
9 10 (3.06%) BrowserStack
9 10 (3.06%) GitHub Actions
9 10 (3.06%) Trello
10 9 (2.75%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 6 (1.83%) Amazon ECS
11 6 (1.83%) Amazon EKS
11 6 (1.83%) Amazon S3
11 6 (1.83%) Azure Service Bus
11 6 (1.83%) SaaS
11 6 (1.83%) Slack
12 5 (1.53%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 26 (7.95%) HTTP
2 8 (2.45%) HTTPS
3 5 (1.53%) 2G
4 2 (0.61%) DLNA
4 2 (0.61%) DSL
4 2 (0.61%) TCP/IP
4 2 (0.61%) UPnP
4 2 (0.61%) Wi-Fi
5 1 (0.31%) DNS
5 1 (0.31%) Internet
5 1 (0.31%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (13.15%) NoSQL
2 42 (12.84%) MongoDB
3 39 (11.93%) Relational Database
4 35 (10.70%) SQL Server
5 26 (7.95%) MySQL
6 18 (5.50%) PostgreSQL
7 14 (4.28%) Hadoop
8 13 (3.98%) Apache Cassandra
9 12 (3.67%) Oracle Database
10 11 (3.36%) Redis
11 5 (1.53%) Big Data
11 5 (1.53%) DB2
11 5 (1.53%) RDBMS
12 4 (1.22%) Amazon Aurora
12 4 (1.22%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 3 (0.92%) Cloudant
13 3 (0.92%) Data Mart
14 2 (0.61%) Amazon RDS
14 2 (0.61%) BigQuery
15 1 (0.31%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 139 (42.51%) Mockito
2 138 (42.20%) Git (software)
3 135 (41.28%) Jenkins
4 90 (27.52%) Maven
5 64 (19.57%) JIRA
6 63 (19.27%) Cucumber
7 35 (10.70%) Selenium
8 29 (8.87%) Gradle
8 29 (8.87%) Subversion
9 26 (7.95%) TestNG
10 25 (7.65%) Bitbucket
11 23 (7.03%) jMock
12 22 (6.73%) GitLab
13 21 (6.42%) JMeter
14 18 (5.50%) IntelliJ
15 16 (4.89%) TeamCity
16 15 (4.59%) WebDriver
17 14 (4.28%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 12 (3.67%) EasyMock
18 12 (3.67%) Eclipse
General
1 73 (22.32%) Finance
2 62 (18.96%) Social Skills
3 54 (16.51%) Banking
4 31 (9.48%) Front Office
5 26 (7.95%) Analytical Skills
6 25 (7.65%) Investment Banking
7 20 (6.12%) Presentation Skills
8 17 (5.20%) Retail
9 15 (4.59%) Marketing
10 5 (1.53%) Manufacturing
11 4 (1.22%) Back Office
11 4 (1.22%) Legal
11 4 (1.22%) Telecoms
12 3 (0.92%) Public Sector
13 2 (0.61%) Documentation Skills
13 2 (0.61%) Electronics
13 2 (0.61%) Games
14 1 (0.31%) Advertising
14 1 (0.31%) Automotive
14 1 (0.31%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 239 (73.09%) Developer
2 170 (51.99%) Java Developer
3 41 (12.54%) Senior Developer
4 33 (10.09%) Senior Java Developer
5 26 (7.95%) Android Developer
6 18 (5.50%) Java Middleware Developer
6 18 (5.50%) Middleware Developer
7 16 (4.89%) Integration Developer
7 16 (4.89%) Software Engineer
8 14 (4.28%) Software Developer
9 13 (3.98%) Java Engineer
10 12 (3.67%) Full Stack Developer
10 12 (3.67%) Tester
11 11 (3.36%) Agile Developer
11 11 (3.36%) Agile Java Developer
11 11 (3.36%) Architect
12 10 (3.06%) Front Office Developer
13 9 (2.75%) AWS Developer
13 9 (2.75%) Java Software Developer
13 9 (2.75%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 176 (53.82%) Spring
2 101 (30.89%) REST
3 92 (28.13%) Web Services
4 85 (25.99%) Spring Boot
5 70 (21.41%) RESTful
6 60 (18.35%) Hibernate
7 59 (18.04%) XML
8 42 (12.84%) React
9 38 (11.62%) JSON
9 38 (11.62%) Kafka
10 35 (10.70%) CSS
11 30 (9.17%) HTML
11 30 (9.17%) Java EE
12 29 (8.87%) WireMock
13 26 (7.95%) Node.js
13 26 (7.95%) SOAP
14 25 (7.65%) Middleware
15 23 (7.03%) Apache Camel
15 23 (7.03%) Swagger
16 22 (6.73%) AngularJS
Miscellaneous
1 25 (7.65%) Algorithms
2 22 (6.73%) Mobile App
3 16 (4.89%) Fixed Income
3 16 (4.89%) Social Media
4 14 (4.28%) Data Structures
4 14 (4.28%) Greenfield Project
5 13 (3.98%) Enterprise Software
6 10 (3.06%) Legacy Code
7 7 (2.14%) User Experience
8 5 (1.53%) Animation
8 5 (1.53%) Private Cloud
9 4 (1.22%) Reference Data
10 3 (0.92%) Cloud Native
10 3 (0.92%) Hedge funds
10 3 (0.92%) iPhone
10 3 (0.92%) Management Information System
10 3 (0.92%) PKI
10 3 (0.92%) Public Cloud
10 3 (0.92%) Virtual Team
11 2 (0.61%) Legacy Applications
Operating Systems
1 74 (22.63%) Linux
2 37 (11.31%) Android
3 35 (10.70%) Unix
4 17 (5.20%) Windows
5 11 (3.36%) Apple iOS
6 5 (1.53%) Debian
6 5 (1.53%) VMS
7 4 (1.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.61%) Embedded Linux
8 2 (0.61%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.31%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 229 (70.03%) Agile Software Development
2 155 (47.40%) TDD
3 121 (37.00%) Microservices
4 100 (30.58%) DevOps
4 100 (30.58%) Unit Testing
5 98 (29.97%) Scrum
6 95 (29.05%) Test Automation
7 78 (23.85%) BDD
8 68 (20.80%) Software Engineering
9 42 (12.84%) MVC
9 42 (12.84%) OO
10 41 (12.54%) Pair Programming
11 39 (11.93%) Problem-Solving
11 39 (11.93%) SDLC
12 35 (10.70%) Multithreading
13 30 (9.17%) Continuous Delivery
13 30 (9.17%) Continuous Integration
13 30 (9.17%) Kanban
14 29 (8.87%) Event-Driven
15 27 (8.26%) Android Development
Programming Languages
1 295 (90.21%) Java
2 105 (32.11%) Java 8
3 68 (20.80%) JavaScript
4 60 (18.35%) Java 11
5 56 (17.13%) SQL
6 33 (10.09%) Python
7 30 (9.17%) Kotlin
8 27 (8.26%) Scala
9 12 (3.67%) Shell Script
10 11 (3.36%) C#
11 10 (3.06%) Java 9
12 8 (2.45%) Groovy
12 8 (2.45%) PL/SQL
12 8 (2.45%) TypeScript
13 6 (1.83%) Ruby
14 5 (1.53%) C++
14 5 (1.53%) ES6
15 3 (0.92%) Apple Swift
15 3 (0.92%) Objective-C
15 3 (0.92%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 22 (6.73%) Security Cleared
2 19 (5.81%) SC Cleared
3 8 (2.45%) Degree
4 4 (1.22%) Computer Science Degree
4 4 (1.22%) ISTQB
4 4 (1.22%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 1 (0.31%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (0.31%) Master's Degree
5 1 (0.31%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (10.40%) Accessibility
2 24 (7.34%) QA
3 6 (1.83%) WCAG
4 3 (0.92%) PMO
System Software
1 103 (31.50%) Docker
2 3 (0.92%) Active Directory
2 3 (0.92%) HDFS
2 3 (0.92%) Varnish
3 2 (0.61%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.31%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.31%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 71 (21.71%) Kubernetes
2 16 (4.89%) Ansible
2 16 (4.89%) Kibana
3 11 (3.36%) Terraform
4 10 (3.06%) Grafana
5 5 (1.53%) Mesos
6 4 (1.22%) Marathon
6 4 (1.22%) Opscode Chef
6 4 (1.22%) Prometheus
6 4 (1.22%) Puppet
7 3 (0.92%) Hadoop YARN
7 3 (0.92%) Oozie
8 2 (0.61%) CloudHub
8 2 (0.61%) Graphite
8 2 (0.61%) Istio
8 2 (0.61%) Kustomize
8 2 (0.61%) logstash
8 2 (0.61%) Rancher
9 1 (0.31%) Amdocs OSS
9 1 (0.31%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 38 (11.62%) Oracle
2 31 (9.48%) Adobe
3 23 (7.03%) Google
4 18 (5.50%) Sybase
5 13 (3.98%) New Relic
6 10 (3.06%) Microsoft
7 9 (2.75%) Murex
8 7 (2.14%) CA
8 7 (2.14%) hybris
8 7 (2.14%) MuleSoft
8 7 (2.14%) Perfecto Mobile
9 6 (1.83%) Atlassian
9 6 (1.83%) CA Agile Central
9 6 (1.83%) IBM
10 4 (1.22%) SAP
10 4 (1.22%) Solace
10 4 (1.22%) Splunk
11 3 (0.92%) NetCracker
11 3 (0.92%) Perforce
11 3 (0.92%) Red Hat