Period
to 17 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 17 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
England > London
6 months to
17 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 272 212 220
Rank change year-on-year -60 +8 -22
Contract jobs citing JUnit 370 605 513
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.92% 1.32% 1.20%
As % of the Development Applications category 4.78% 5.99% 6.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 246 443 342
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £363 £401 £363
90th Percentile £650 £625 £674
England median daily rate £495 £489 £450
% change year-on-year +1.28% +8.61% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 1
London median hourly rate £35.00 - £40.00
England median hourly rate £40.84 £45.00 £41.50
% change year-on-year -9.26% +8.43% +9.93%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 7,748 10,106 8,206
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 19.36% 22.03% 19.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,482 7,515 6,086
London median daily rate £520 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £339
90th Percentile £675 £648 £625
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 35 25 33
London median hourly rate £44.92 £45.00 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.19% +38.46% -25.29%
10th Percentile £20.05 £17.00 £21.22
90th Percentile £58.60 £165.00 £53.90
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £41.25
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% -2.83%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in London over the 6 months to 17 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the London region over the 6 months to 17 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -22 61 £531 +1.19% 31
South London -6 54 £475 -13.64% 2
West London -14 18 £575 +6.48% 18
East London +12 11 £475 +5.56% 7
North London -3 1 £525 -
JUnit
England

For the 6 months to 17 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 333 (90.00%) Java
2 257 (69.46%) Agile Software Development
3 208 (56.22%) Spring
4 174 (47.03%) TDD
5 173 (46.76%) Git (software)
6 159 (42.97%) Jenkins
7 150 (40.54%) Scrum
8 136 (36.76%) Mockito
9 134 (36.22%) Maven
10 126 (34.05%) RESTful
11 124 (33.51%) Microservices
12 116 (31.35%) DevOps
12 116 (31.35%) Web Services
13 113 (30.54%) Java 8
14 112 (30.27%) Test Automation
15 108 (29.19%) JavaScript
16 105 (28.38%) SQL
17 97 (26.22%) Finance
18 94 (25.41%) Amazon AWS
19 91 (24.59%) Continuous Integration
20 90 (24.32%) Docker
21 85 (22.97%) BDD
22 84 (22.70%) Spring Boot
23 82 (22.16%) AngularJS
24 80 (21.62%) Linux
25 79 (21.35%) REST
26 73 (19.73%) Cucumber
27 63 (17.03%) JIRA
28 62 (16.76%) SOAP
28 62 (16.76%) Kubernetes

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (11.62%) Tomcat
2 38 (10.27%) Apache
3 35 (9.46%) Confluence
4 31 (8.38%) WebSphere
5 28 (7.57%) JBoss
6 25 (6.76%) Elasticsearch
7 18 (4.86%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 18 (4.86%) CMS
8 17 (4.59%) nginx
9 15 (4.05%) Jetty
9 15 (4.05%) WebLogic
10 9 (2.43%) WebSphere Application Server
11 7 (1.89%) Apache Solr
12 6 (1.62%) Apache Spark
12 6 (1.62%) Cloud Foundry
12 6 (1.62%) GlassFish
12 6 (1.62%) JCAPS
13 3 (0.81%) Anypoint
13 3 (0.81%) Mule
14 2 (0.54%) Appian
Business Applications
1 2 (0.54%) Magento
1 2 (0.54%) SAP Hybris
2 1 (0.27%) Fredhopper
2 1 (0.27%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 94 (25.41%) Amazon AWS
2 61 (16.49%) Microsoft Azure
3 31 (8.38%) Amazon EC2
4 20 (5.41%) Google Cloud Platform
4 20 (5.41%) npm
5 18 (4.86%) OpenShift
6 15 (4.05%) GitHub
7 11 (2.97%) Amazon SQS
7 11 (2.97%) Serverless
8 10 (2.70%) Amazon S3
8 10 (2.70%) PaaS
9 9 (2.43%) Sauce Labs
10 8 (2.16%) AWS Lambda
11 6 (1.62%) Amazon ElastiCache
12 5 (1.35%) Amazon EKS
12 5 (1.35%) Slack
13 4 (1.08%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 4 (1.08%) Amazon ELB
14 3 (0.81%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 3 (0.81%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 30 (8.11%) HTTP
2 22 (5.95%) TCP/IP
3 18 (4.86%) FTP
4 8 (2.16%) Internet
5 3 (0.81%) SSL
6 2 (0.54%) SSH
7 1 (0.27%) BIG-IP
7 1 (0.27%) DNS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (11.62%) NoSQL
2 42 (11.35%) Relational Database
3 30 (8.11%) PostgreSQL
3 30 (8.11%) SQL Server
4 27 (7.30%) MongoDB
4 27 (7.30%) MySQL
5 20 (5.41%) RDBMS
6 16 (4.32%) Oracle Database
7 13 (3.51%) Redis
8 12 (3.24%) Apache Cassandra
9 11 (2.97%) Big Data
10 7 (1.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 6 (1.62%) Amazon Athena
11 6 (1.62%) Hadoop
11 6 (1.62%) HBase
12 5 (1.35%) Apache Hive
12 5 (1.35%) BigQuery
12 5 (1.35%) Bigtable
12 5 (1.35%) DB2
13 4 (1.08%) InterSystems Cache
Development Applications
1 173 (46.76%) Git (software)
2 159 (42.97%) Jenkins
3 136 (36.76%) Mockito
4 134 (36.22%) Maven
5 73 (19.73%) Cucumber
6 63 (17.03%) JIRA
7 54 (14.59%) Selenium
8 52 (14.05%) SonarQube
9 44 (11.89%) jMock
10 39 (10.54%) Gradle
11 31 (8.38%) TeamCity
12 28 (7.57%) DbUnit
12 28 (7.57%) Subversion
13 22 (5.95%) TestNG
14 21 (5.68%) Jasmine
14 21 (5.68%) WebDriver
15 18 (4.86%) Mercurial
16 16 (4.32%) Ant
16 16 (4.32%) Sonatype Nexus
17 15 (4.05%) Eclipse
General
1 97 (26.22%) Finance
2 52 (14.05%) Banking
3 19 (5.14%) Marketing
4 17 (4.59%) Investment Banking
4 17 (4.59%) Retail
5 13 (3.51%) Games
6 9 (2.43%) Front Office
7 7 (1.89%) Legal
8 6 (1.62%) Back Office
9 5 (1.35%) Advertising
9 5 (1.35%) Telecoms
10 4 (1.08%) Manufacturing
11 3 (0.81%) Pharmaceutical
12 2 (0.54%) Financial Institution
13 1 (0.27%) Automotive
13 1 (0.27%) Electronics
13 1 (0.27%) Publishing
13 1 (0.27%) Retail Banking
13 1 (0.27%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 275 (74.32%) Developer
2 198 (53.51%) Java Developer
3 43 (11.62%) Senior Developer
4 38 (10.27%) Senior Java Developer
5 37 (10.00%) Backend Developer
6 33 (8.92%) Full Stack Developer
7 24 (6.49%) Agile Developer
8 22 (5.95%) Agile Java Developer
9 18 (4.86%) DevOps Engineer
10 14 (3.78%) Java Engineer
11 13 (3.51%) Software Developer
12 12 (3.24%) Kubernetes Engineer
13 11 (2.97%) Analyst
14 10 (2.70%) Test Engineer
15 9 (2.43%) Angular Developer
15 9 (2.43%) J2EE Developer
15 9 (2.43%) Java Software Developer
15 9 (2.43%) Java/J2EE Developer
16 8 (2.16%) Developer in Test
16 8 (2.16%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 208 (56.22%) Spring
2 126 (34.05%) RESTful
3 116 (31.35%) Web Services
4 84 (22.70%) Spring Boot
5 82 (22.16%) AngularJS
6 79 (21.35%) REST
7 62 (16.76%) SOAP
8 56 (15.14%) Hibernate
9 54 (14.59%) HTML
10 53 (14.32%) J2EE
11 52 (14.05%) XML
12 51 (13.78%) CSS
13 49 (13.24%) React
14 44 (11.89%) JSON
15 43 (11.62%) jQuery
16 39 (10.54%) Node.js
17 38 (10.27%) JMS
18 36 (9.73%) HTML5
19 35 (9.46%) Apache Camel
20 30 (8.11%) PowerMock
Miscellaneous
1 28 (7.57%) Analytical Skills
2 24 (6.49%) Mobile App
3 23 (6.22%) Greenfield Project
4 22 (5.95%) User Experience
5 21 (5.68%) Algorithms
5 21 (5.68%) Data Structures
6 19 (5.14%) Enterprise Software
7 17 (4.59%) Virtual Team
8 10 (2.70%) Equities
8 10 (2.70%) Social Media
9 7 (1.89%) Linux Command Line
10 6 (1.62%) Cloud Native
10 6 (1.62%) NHS
10 6 (1.62%) Self-Motivation
11 5 (1.35%) Data Protection Act
12 4 (1.08%) Online Games
13 3 (0.81%) FMCG
13 3 (0.81%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 2 (0.54%) Derivative
14 2 (0.54%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 80 (21.62%) Linux
2 50 (13.51%) Unix
3 10 (2.70%) Android
4 9 (2.43%) Windows
5 3 (0.81%) Ubuntu
6 2 (0.54%) Apple iOS
6 2 (0.54%) CentOS
6 2 (0.54%) Mac OS
6 2 (0.54%) Solaris
7 1 (0.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.27%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 257 (69.46%) Agile Software Development
2 174 (47.03%) TDD
3 150 (40.54%) Scrum
4 124 (33.51%) Microservices
5 116 (31.35%) DevOps
6 112 (30.27%) Test Automation
7 91 (24.59%) Continuous Integration
8 85 (22.97%) BDD
9 60 (16.22%) OO
10 53 (14.32%) Open Source
11 51 (13.78%) Kanban
12 49 (13.24%) Pair Programming
13 47 (12.70%) Unit Testing
14 45 (12.16%) E-Commerce
15 38 (10.27%) Problem-Solving
16 27 (7.30%) Domain-Driven Design
16 27 (7.30%) Mentoring
17 26 (7.03%) SDLC
18 24 (6.49%) Computer Science
19 22 (5.95%) Virtual Infrastructure
Programming Languages
1 333 (90.00%) Java
2 113 (30.54%) Java 8
3 108 (29.19%) JavaScript
4 105 (28.38%) SQL
5 38 (10.27%) Python
6 37 (10.00%) TypeScript
7 34 (9.19%) Scala
8 31 (8.38%) Shell Script
9 23 (6.22%) C#
10 18 (4.86%) ES6
11 17 (4.59%) Kotlin
12 16 (4.32%) Ruby
13 15 (4.05%) Groovy
14 11 (2.97%) C++
14 11 (2.97%) ES7
15 10 (2.70%) Perl
16 8 (2.16%) Ada
16 8 (2.16%) JPQL
17 7 (1.89%) T-SQL
18 6 (1.62%) Go
Qualifications
1 33 (8.92%) Security Cleared
2 26 (7.03%) SC Cleared
3 14 (3.78%) Degree
4 7 (1.89%) BPSS Clearance
5 5 (1.35%) DV Cleared
6 4 (1.08%) DBS Check
7 3 (0.81%) Computer Science Degree
8 1 (0.27%) ISEB
8 1 (0.27%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 1 (0.27%) OCPJP
8 1 (0.27%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 52 (14.05%) QA
2 3 (0.81%) Data Quality
3 2 (0.54%) Disclosure Scotland
3 2 (0.54%) GDPR
3 2 (0.54%) WCAG
System Software
1 90 (24.32%) Docker
2 23 (6.22%) vSphere
3 22 (5.95%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (3.51%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.81%) HDFS
6 2 (0.54%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 62 (16.76%) Kubernetes
2 26 (7.03%) Ansible
3 20 (5.41%) Grafana
3 20 (5.41%) Opscode Chef
4 19 (5.14%) Puppet
4 19 (5.14%) Terraform
5 15 (4.05%) Kibana
6 11 (2.97%) Prometheus
7 6 (1.62%) logstash
8 5 (1.35%) Control-M
9 2 (0.54%) Rancher
10 1 (0.27%) Apache Slider
10 1 (0.27%) Consul
10 1 (0.27%) HAProxy
10 1 (0.27%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 41 (11.08%) Oracle
2 25 (6.76%) VMware
3 23 (6.22%) Google
4 20 (5.41%) Red Hat
5 18 (4.86%) Adobe
6 17 (4.59%) MuleSoft
7 12 (3.24%) Microsoft
8 10 (2.70%) Black Duck
8 10 (2.70%) Sybase
9 9 (2.43%) IBM
10 8 (2.16%) Perfecto Mobile
11 4 (1.08%) Altova
11 4 (1.08%) hybris
11 4 (1.08%) SAP
12 3 (0.81%) Facebook
12 3 (0.81%) Salesforce.com
12 3 (0.81%) webMethods
13 2 (0.54%) ATG
13 2 (0.54%) CA
13 2 (0.54%) TOWER Software