Period
to 27 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 27 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
England > London
6 months to
27 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 240 220 232
Rank change year-on-year -20 +12 -32
Contract jobs citing JUnit 190 315 537
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.97% 1.12% 1.22%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.28% 5.88% 5.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 134 241 418
Median daily rate £500 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £400 £375 £413
90th Percentile £638 £638 £650
England median daily rate £475 £500 £500
% change year-on-year -5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 3 0
Median hourly rate £42.00 £48.85 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.02% - -
England median hourly rate £58.00 £52.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +11.54% +15.56% -28.00%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 3,597 5,361 9,951
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 18.34% 19.05% 22.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,524 3,906 7,384
Median daily rate £500 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £360 £375 £370
90th Percentile £666 £675 £675
England median daily rate £475 £488 £500
% change year-on-year -2.56% -2.50% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 33 28
Median hourly rate £62.75 £55.00 £36.67
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.09% +49.99% -11.46%
10th Percentile £42.95 £34.43 £28.50
90th Percentile £68.36 £78.75 £53.75
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £44.25
% change year-on-year -5.26% +7.34% -1.67%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit in London.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit in London over the 6 months to 27 February 2021.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit in London.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the London region over the 6 months to 27 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +52 28 £575 +21.05% 14
West London +30 5 £613 +11.36% 5
South London +6 2 - - 3
East London +21 1 - - 3
JUnit
England

For the 6 months to 27 February 2021, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 162 (85.26%) Java
2 117 (61.58%) Agile Software Development
3 96 (50.53%) Spring
4 86 (45.26%) Jenkins
5 78 (41.05%) TDD
6 76 (40.00%) Git (software)
7 74 (38.95%) Mockito
8 70 (36.84%) JIRA
9 69 (36.32%) Microservices
10 68 (35.79%) Maven
11 58 (30.53%) REST
12 57 (30.00%) XML
13 55 (28.95%) Continuous Integration
14 54 (28.42%) BDD
15 53 (27.89%) Cucumber
15 53 (27.89%) Docker
15 53 (27.89%) Web Services
16 51 (26.84%) RESTful
17 48 (25.26%) AWS
18 46 (24.21%) Confluence
18 46 (24.21%) Continuous Delivery
19 45 (23.68%) JSON
20 44 (23.16%) Test Automation
21 43 (22.63%) JavaScript
21 43 (22.63%) Java 8
22 41 (21.58%) Scrum
22 41 (21.58%) Kubernetes
23 39 (20.53%) Kotlin
23 39 (20.53%) Finance
24 38 (20.00%) SOAP

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 46 (24.21%) Confluence
2 37 (19.47%) JBoss
3 30 (15.79%) WebSphere
4 26 (13.68%) Red Hat Fuse
5 17 (8.95%) Mule
6 12 (6.32%) Tomcat
6 12 (6.32%) WebLogic
7 10 (5.26%) Apache ServiceMix
7 10 (5.26%) BizTalk Server
8 7 (3.68%) Jetty
9 6 (3.16%) Cloud Foundry
10 5 (2.63%) Apache
10 5 (2.63%) Elasticsearch
11 4 (2.11%) GlassFish
11 4 (2.11%) Oracle Coherence
11 4 (2.11%) WebSphere Application Server
12 3 (1.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 2 (1.05%) Anypoint
13 2 (1.05%) CMS
13 2 (1.05%) Jupyter
Applications
1 2 (1.05%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 1 (0.53%) Adobe Campaign
Cloud Services
1 48 (25.26%) AWS
2 36 (18.95%) GitHub
3 28 (14.74%) Azure
4 13 (6.84%) GCP
5 12 (6.32%) Apigee
5 12 (6.32%) OpenShift
6 11 (5.79%) Boomi
7 9 (4.74%) Amazon S3
7 9 (4.74%) Amazon SQS
8 8 (4.21%) Serverless
9 7 (3.68%) AWS Lambda
9 7 (3.68%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 6 (3.16%) PaaS
11 5 (2.63%) Slack
12 4 (2.11%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 4 (2.11%) IaaS
13 3 (1.58%) Cloud Computing
13 3 (1.58%) Firebase
13 3 (1.58%) SaaS
14 2 (1.05%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 30 (15.79%) HTTP
2 11 (5.79%) HTTPS
3 2 (1.05%) DNS
4 1 (0.53%) AMQP
4 1 (0.53%) DMARC
4 1 (0.53%) FTP
4 1 (0.53%) Internet
4 1 (0.53%) Kerberos
4 1 (0.53%) SMS
4 1 (0.53%) SMTP
4 1 (0.53%) SWIFTNet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (14.74%) MongoDB
2 24 (12.63%) NoSQL
3 22 (11.58%) Relational Database
4 19 (10.00%) SQL Server
5 17 (8.95%) MySQL
6 10 (5.26%) PostgreSQL
7 3 (1.58%) Apache Cassandra
7 3 (1.58%) SQLPlus
8 2 (1.05%) Apache Hive
8 2 (1.05%) Cloud Spanner
8 2 (1.05%) Oracle Database
8 2 (1.05%) PowerCenter
8 2 (1.05%) Redis
9 1 (0.53%) BigQuery
9 1 (0.53%) CockroachDB
9 1 (0.53%) Cosmos DB
9 1 (0.53%) Geospatial Data
9 1 (0.53%) GIS
9 1 (0.53%) RDBMS
9 1 (0.53%) Semantic Layer
Development Applications
1 86 (45.26%) Jenkins
2 76 (40.00%) Git (software)
3 74 (38.95%) Mockito
4 70 (36.84%) JIRA
5 68 (35.79%) Maven
6 53 (27.89%) Cucumber
7 35 (18.42%) Selenium
8 25 (13.16%) Gradle
9 24 (12.63%) SonarQube
10 22 (11.58%) JMeter
10 22 (11.58%) Subversion
11 18 (9.47%) IntelliJ
12 17 (8.95%) git-flow
13 16 (8.42%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 16 (8.42%) jMock
13 16 (8.42%) Postman
14 13 (6.84%) Ant
15 12 (6.32%) FishEye
15 12 (6.32%) GitLab
15 12 (6.32%) Hudson
General
1 39 (20.53%) Finance
2 33 (17.37%) Banking
3 16 (8.42%) Investment Banking
4 12 (6.32%) Public Sector
5 4 (2.11%) Advertising
5 4 (2.11%) Front Office
6 2 (1.05%) Back Office
6 2 (1.05%) Games
6 2 (1.05%) Multimedia
6 2 (1.05%) Pharmaceutical
6 2 (1.05%) Retail
6 2 (1.05%) Retail Banking
7 1 (0.53%) Financial Institution
7 1 (0.53%) Law
7 1 (0.53%) Legal
7 1 (0.53%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 117 (61.58%) Developer
2 83 (43.68%) Java Developer
3 23 (12.11%) Senior Developer
4 18 (9.47%) Senior Java Developer
5 14 (7.37%) Android Engineer
5 14 (7.37%) Integration Developer
5 14 (7.37%) Java Middleware Developer
5 14 (7.37%) Middleware Developer
6 13 (6.84%) SC Cleared Java Developer
7 12 (6.32%) Android Developer
8 11 (5.79%) Automation Tester
8 11 (5.79%) Senior Integration Developer
8 11 (5.79%) Senior Middleware Developer
8 11 (5.79%) Software Engineer
8 11 (5.79%) Tester
9 9 (4.74%) Java Engineer
10 7 (3.68%) Full Stack Developer
11 5 (2.63%) Agile Developer
11 5 (2.63%) Agile Java Developer
11 5 (2.63%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 96 (50.53%) Spring
2 58 (30.53%) REST
3 57 (30.00%) XML
4 53 (27.89%) Web Services
5 51 (26.84%) RESTful
6 45 (23.68%) JSON
7 38 (20.00%) SOAP
7 38 (20.00%) Spring Boot
8 37 (19.47%) Hibernate
9 33 (17.37%) HTML
10 31 (16.32%) RxJava
11 29 (15.26%) JMS
12 26 (13.68%) Apache Camel
12 26 (13.68%) Middleware
13 24 (12.63%) CSS
13 24 (12.63%) Java EE
14 22 (11.58%) Node.js
15 20 (10.53%) AngularJS
16 19 (10.00%) Dagger
17 17 (8.95%) Material Design
Miscellaneous
1 25 (13.16%) Mobile App
2 16 (8.42%) Data Structures
2 16 (8.42%) Enterprise Software
2 16 (8.42%) User Experience
3 12 (6.32%) Fixed Income
3 12 (6.32%) Mobile Payment
4 10 (5.26%) Analytical Skills
5 7 (3.68%) Algorithms
5 7 (3.68%) Self-Motivation
6 4 (2.11%) Cloud Native
6 4 (2.11%) Clustering
6 4 (2.11%) Credit Risk
7 3 (1.58%) Greenfield Project
7 3 (1.58%) W3C
8 2 (1.05%) Reference Data
8 2 (1.05%) Replication
9 1 (0.53%) Media Streaming
9 1 (0.53%) Mobile Games
9 1 (0.53%) Online Games
9 1 (0.53%) RIA
Operating Systems
1 31 (16.32%) Unix
2 29 (15.26%) Android
3 28 (14.74%) Linux
4 6 (3.16%) Windows
5 2 (1.05%) Apple iOS
5 2 (1.05%) CentOS
5 2 (1.05%) Mac OS X
6 1 (0.53%) Fedora
6 1 (0.53%) Solaris
6 1 (0.53%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 117 (61.58%) Agile Software Development
2 78 (41.05%) TDD
3 69 (36.32%) Microservices
4 55 (28.95%) Continuous Integration
5 54 (28.42%) BDD
6 46 (24.21%) Continuous Delivery
7 44 (23.16%) Test Automation
8 41 (21.58%) Scrum
9 38 (20.00%) Unit Testing
10 37 (19.47%) DevOps
11 34 (17.89%) Pair Programming
12 32 (16.84%) SDLC
13 29 (15.26%) OO
14 24 (12.63%) Android Development
14 24 (12.63%) Software Engineering
15 22 (11.58%) Open Source
16 20 (10.53%) Build Automation
17 19 (10.00%) API Development
18 17 (8.95%) Mentoring
19 16 (8.42%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 162 (85.26%) Java
2 43 (22.63%) Java 8
2 43 (22.63%) JavaScript
3 39 (20.53%) Kotlin
4 31 (16.32%) SQL
5 20 (10.53%) Python
6 12 (6.32%) Scala
7 9 (4.74%) PL/SQL
8 7 (3.68%) Shell Script
9 6 (3.16%) C#
10 5 (2.63%) PowerShell
11 4 (2.11%) Go
11 4 (2.11%) XPath
12 3 (1.58%) Bash Shell
12 3 (1.58%) Groovy
12 3 (1.58%) TypeScript
13 2 (1.05%) Apple Swift
13 2 (1.05%) ES6
14 1 (0.53%) Korn
14 1 (0.53%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 38 (20.00%) Security Cleared
2 31 (16.32%) SC Cleared
3 10 (5.26%) Degree
4 9 (4.74%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (2.63%) AWS Certification
6 4 (2.11%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.53%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.53%) ISTQB
7 1 (0.53%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (8.95%) QA
2 1 (0.53%) Data Quality
2 1 (0.53%) GDPR
2 1 (0.53%) ISO 15022
2 1 (0.53%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 53 (27.89%) Docker
2 2 (1.05%) KVM
3 1 (0.53%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.53%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 41 (21.58%) Kubernetes
2 12 (6.32%) Ansible
3 7 (3.68%) Terraform
4 6 (3.16%) Grafana
4 6 (3.16%) Prometheus
5 5 (2.63%) Puppet
6 3 (1.58%) HP ALM
7 2 (1.05%) HP Fortify
7 2 (1.05%) Opscode Chef
8 1 (0.53%) CloudHub
8 1 (0.53%) Consul
8 1 (0.53%) Kibana
8 1 (0.53%) logstash
Vendors
1 23 (12.11%) Atlassian
2 17 (8.95%) Oracle
3 15 (7.89%) Sybase
4 13 (6.84%) Red Hat
4 13 (6.84%) webMethods
5 12 (6.32%) Murex
6 11 (5.79%) Dell
6 11 (5.79%) MuleSoft
7 10 (5.26%) Axway
7 10 (5.26%) Fiorano
7 10 (5.26%) Jitterbit
7 10 (5.26%) Talend
7 10 (5.26%) TIBCO
8 7 (3.68%) Google
9 6 (3.16%) Adobe
9 6 (3.16%) Microsoft
9 6 (3.16%) Splunk
10 4 (2.11%) CheckPoint
11 3 (1.58%) HP
12 2 (1.05%) Informatica