The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 3 months to 28 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
England / London
3 months to
28 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 188 199 231
Rank change year-on-year +11 +32  
Contract jobs citing JUnit 244 267 190
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 1.25% 1.20% 0.88%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.84% 7.56% 6.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 163 184 141
Median daily rate £513 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £350 £391 £325
10% offered a daily rate of more than £675 £634 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +13.33% -  
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £38.50 £38.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +1.31% -15.55%  

JUnit is in the development application skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

Contract Development Application Skills
London
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 3566 3534 3081
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London 18.29% 15.84% 14.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 2613 2580 2182
Median daily rate £475 £475 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.76%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £350 £350 £315
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £563
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £363
% change year-on-year +6.66% +3.44%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 9 7
Median hourly rate £42.50 £50.00 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.00% +19.04%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £32.50 £39.70 £20.31
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £153.00 £50.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.29 £37.50
% change year-on-year +0.49% +12.77%  

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in London

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in London citing JUnit as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Development Applications category.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in London over the 3 months to 28 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the London region over the 3 months to 28 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +2 38 £550 +4.76% 25
Canary Wharf - 4 £575 -
Croydon -1 3 - -
JUnit
England

For the 6 months to 28 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 425 (86.38%) Java
2 347 (70.53%) Agile Software Development
3 246 (50.00%) TDD
4 229 (46.54%) Spring
5 226 (45.93%) Git (software)
6 194 (39.43%) Maven
7 193 (39.23%) Linux
8 190 (38.62%) Mockito
9 188 (38.21%) Jenkins
10 186 (37.80%) Scrum
11 167 (33.94%) SQL
12 160 (32.52%) Web Services
13 154 (31.30%) BDD
13 154 (31.30%) Continuous Integration
14 149 (30.28%) JIRA
15 146 (29.67%) REST
16 141 (28.66%) Finance
17 139 (28.25%) Cucumber
18 133 (27.03%) Selenium
19 124 (25.20%) JavaScript
20 122 (24.80%) Unix
21 118 (23.98%) Banking
22 116 (23.58%) Docker
23 111 (22.56%) SOAP
24 109 (22.15%) Oracle
25 106 (21.54%) JSON
26 105 (21.34%) DevOps
27 100 (20.33%) Shell Script
28 99 (20.12%) Hibernate
29 95 (19.31%) HTML

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 78 (15.85%) Confluence
2 76 (15.45%) Tomcat
3 53 (10.77%) Apache
4 41 (8.33%) Elasticsearch
5 34 (6.91%) WebSphere
6 21 (4.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 20 (4.07%) Apache Spark
8 16 (3.25%) nginx
9 14 (2.85%) CMS
9 14 (2.85%) Oracle Workflow
10 11 (2.24%) JBoss
11 10 (2.03%) Apache Pig
12 8 (1.63%) Mule
13 6 (1.22%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 6 (1.22%) Jetty
13 6 (1.22%) MQSeries
13 6 (1.22%) WebLogic
14 5 (1.02%) Commerce Server
15 3 (0.61%) Cloud Foundry
15 3 (0.61%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 19 (3.86%) HipChat
2 4 (0.81%) MS Excel
3 3 (0.61%) MS Office
4 2 (0.41%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 18 (3.66%) ION MarketView
1 18 (3.66%) RMDS
2 15 (3.05%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.41%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.20%) BondVision
4 1 (0.20%) Loan IQ
4 1 (0.20%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 78 (15.85%) Amazon AWS
2 19 (3.86%) Microsoft Azure
3 15 (3.05%) Amazon EC2
4 12 (2.44%) Amazon S3
4 12 (2.44%) Cloud Computing
5 11 (2.24%) GitHub
5 11 (2.24%) PaaS
6 10 (2.03%) Amazon SQS
6 10 (2.03%) AWS CloudFormation
7 9 (1.83%) OpenShift
8 8 (1.63%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
8 8 (1.63%) Basecamp
9 7 (1.42%) AWS Lambda
10 5 (1.02%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 5 (1.02%) Slack
11 4 (0.81%) Amazon ELB
11 4 (0.81%) Google Play
11 4 (0.81%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 2 (0.41%) IaaS
12 2 (0.41%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 34 (6.91%) HTTP
2 27 (5.49%) DNS
3 26 (5.28%) OpenLDAP
3 26 (5.28%) OpenVPN
3 26 (5.28%) SSH
4 14 (2.85%) Reverse Proxy
5 13 (2.64%) IPsec
5 13 (2.64%) VPN
6 11 (2.24%) Internet
7 4 (0.81%) FTP
8 3 (0.61%) Intranet
8 3 (0.61%) LDAP
9 2 (0.41%) AMQP
9 2 (0.41%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.41%) SNMP
9 2 (0.41%) TCP/IP
10 1 (0.20%) HTTPS
10 1 (0.20%) SMTP
10 1 (0.20%) SSL
10 1 (0.20%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 63 (12.80%) Relational Database
2 51 (10.37%) Big Data
3 46 (9.35%) MongoDB
4 44 (8.94%) MySQL
5 42 (8.54%) Hadoop
6 40 (8.13%) PostgreSQL
7 34 (6.91%) NoSQL
8 30 (6.10%) DB2
8 30 (6.10%) SQL Server
9 28 (5.69%) Oracle Database
10 23 (4.67%) RDBMS
11 17 (3.46%) Oracle Database 11g
12 15 (3.05%) Endeca
13 13 (2.64%) Apache Cassandra
14 11 (2.24%) Redis
15 10 (2.03%) Apache Hive
16 6 (1.22%) Blockchain
16 6 (1.22%) Jackrabbit
16 6 (1.22%) KDB
17 4 (0.81%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 226 (45.93%) Git (software)
2 194 (39.43%) Maven
3 190 (38.62%) Mockito
4 188 (38.21%) Jenkins
5 149 (30.28%) JIRA
6 139 (28.25%) Cucumber
7 133 (27.03%) Selenium
8 69 (14.02%) Ant
9 66 (13.41%) Gradle
10 61 (12.40%) Subversion
11 58 (11.79%) TeamCity
12 56 (11.38%) Spock
13 40 (8.13%) WebDriver
14 38 (7.72%) Sonatype Nexus
15 37 (7.52%) SonarQube
16 35 (7.11%) JBehave
17 32 (6.50%) SoapUI
18 27 (5.49%) Liquibase
19 24 (4.88%) Eclipse
19 24 (4.88%) TestNG
General
1 141 (28.66%) Finance
2 118 (23.98%) Banking
3 37 (7.52%) Front Office
4 27 (5.49%) Retail
5 24 (4.88%) Investment Banking
6 10 (2.03%) Marketing
7 8 (1.63%) Publishing
8 7 (1.42%) Financial Institution
8 7 (1.42%) Retail Banking
8 7 (1.42%) Telecoms
9 6 (1.22%) Advertising
9 6 (1.22%) Back Office
10 5 (1.02%) Aerospace
11 4 (0.81%) Games
12 2 (0.41%) Electronics
12 2 (0.41%) Manufacturing
13 1 (0.20%) Automotive
13 1 (0.20%) Legal
Job Titles
1 316 (64.23%) Developer
2 219 (44.51%) Java Developer
3 80 (16.26%) Senior Developer
4 44 (8.94%) Senior Java Developer
5 36 (7.32%) DevOps Engineer
6 22 (4.47%) Java Engineer
7 21 (4.27%) Scala Developer
8 20 (4.07%) Electronic Trading Developer
9 19 (3.86%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
9 19 (3.86%) Tester
10 18 (3.66%) Automation Tester
11 17 (3.46%) Agile Developer
12 15 (3.05%) Agile Java Developer
12 15 (3.05%) C# Developer
12 15 (3.05%) C# GUI Developer
12 15 (3.05%) GUI Developer
12 15 (3.05%) Software Engineer
13 14 (2.85%) Consultant
14 13 (2.64%) Java GUI Developer
14 13 (2.64%) WinForms Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 229 (46.54%) Spring
2 160 (32.52%) Web Services
3 146 (29.67%) REST
4 111 (22.56%) SOAP
5 106 (21.54%) JSON
6 99 (20.12%) Hibernate
7 95 (19.31%) HTML
7 95 (19.31%) RESTful
8 91 (18.50%) XML
9 89 (18.09%) AngularJS
9 89 (18.09%) JMS
10 83 (16.87%) CSS
11 75 (15.24%) J2EE
12 68 (13.82%) HTML5
13 67 (13.62%) jQuery
14 66 (13.41%) Node.js
15 53 (10.77%) Gherkin
16 49 (9.96%) JDBC
17 48 (9.76%) CSS3
18 46 (9.35%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 50 (10.16%) Analytical Skills
2 41 (8.33%) Fixed Income
3 34 (6.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 26 (5.28%) User Experience
5 23 (4.67%) Computer Science
6 18 (3.66%) Enterprise Software
7 17 (3.46%) Data Structures
8 16 (3.25%) iPad
9 15 (3.05%) Social Media
10 12 (2.44%) Derivative
10 12 (2.44%) Linux Command Line
11 11 (2.24%) Equities
11 11 (2.24%) Mobile App
12 9 (1.83%) Equity Derivative
13 5 (1.02%) Grid Computing
13 5 (1.02%) Reference Data
13 5 (1.02%) Virtual Team
14 4 (0.81%) Fintech
14 4 (0.81%) Wiki
15 3 (0.61%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 193 (39.23%) Linux
2 122 (24.80%) Unix
3 25 (5.08%) CentOS
4 15 (3.05%) Android
5 13 (2.64%) RancherOS
5 13 (2.64%) VyOS
6 12 (2.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 12 (2.44%) Windows
7 10 (2.03%) Apple iOS
8 9 (1.83%) Solaris
9 6 (1.22%) HPUX
10 2 (0.41%) Mac OS X
10 2 (0.41%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.20%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 347 (70.53%) Agile Software Development
2 246 (50.00%) TDD
3 186 (37.80%) Scrum
4 154 (31.30%) BDD
4 154 (31.30%) Continuous Integration
5 105 (21.34%) DevOps
6 90 (18.29%) Microservices
7 74 (15.04%) Continuous Delivery
8 65 (13.21%) Unit Testing
9 61 (12.40%) Kanban
10 60 (12.20%) OO
11 59 (11.99%) Multithreading
12 56 (11.38%) Open Source
13 55 (11.18%) Software Engineering
14 49 (9.96%) Electronic Trading
14 49 (9.96%) MVC
15 48 (9.76%) E-Commerce
16 45 (9.15%) Automated Testing
17 44 (8.94%) Mentoring
18 43 (8.74%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 425 (86.38%) Java
2 167 (33.94%) SQL
3 124 (25.20%) JavaScript
4 100 (20.33%) Shell Script
5 41 (8.33%) Ruby
5 41 (8.33%) Scala
6 37 (7.52%) Korn
6 37 (7.52%) Python
7 34 (6.91%) C#
8 29 (5.89%) PL/SQL
9 26 (5.28%) XPath
10 25 (5.08%) Bash Shell
11 22 (4.47%) Perl
12 20 (4.07%) Groovy
13 17 (3.46%) PHP
14 7 (1.42%) ES6
15 6 (1.22%) ECMAScript
15 6 (1.22%) Go
15 6 (1.22%) Objective-C
16 5 (1.02%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 41 (8.33%) Degree
2 36 (7.32%) Security Cleared
3 35 (7.11%) SC Cleared
4 6 (1.22%) DV Cleared
5 4 (0.81%) BPSS Clearance
5 4 (0.81%) CTC Cleared
6 3 (0.61%) Oracle Certification
7 2 (0.41%) Sun Certification
8 1 (0.20%) Brainbench
8 1 (0.20%) ISEB
8 1 (0.20%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.20%) OCMJD
8 1 (0.20%) OCPJWCD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (8.33%) QA
2 17 (3.46%) FATCA
2 17 (3.46%) MiFID
3 15 (3.05%) EMIR
4 14 (2.85%) Dodd-Frank
5 7 (1.42%) SDET
6 3 (0.61%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 116 (23.58%) Docker
2 26 (5.28%) Postfix
2 26 (5.28%) Squid
2 26 (5.28%) vCloud
3 11 (2.24%) Virtual Machines
4 3 (0.61%) Apache Flume
5 2 (0.41%) HDFS
5 2 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.20%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 73 (14.84%) Ansible
2 52 (10.57%) Puppet
3 39 (7.93%) Kibana
4 38 (7.72%) Kubernetes
5 36 (7.32%) logstash
6 31 (6.30%) Terraform
7 28 (5.69%) ZABBIX
8 26 (5.28%) Docker Swarm
8 26 (5.28%) Rancher
9 19 (3.86%) Opscode Chef
10 17 (3.46%) Consul
11 15 (3.05%) Grafana
11 15 (3.05%) Packer
12 13 (2.64%) HAProxy
13 8 (1.63%) Oozie
13 8 (1.63%) rkt
14 5 (1.02%) HP Quality Center
14 5 (1.02%) Rsyslog
14 5 (1.02%) Sysdig
15 4 (0.81%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 109 (22.15%) Oracle
2 38 (7.72%) Solace
2 38 (7.72%) TIBCO
3 37 (7.52%) ION Trading
4 28 (5.69%) VMware
5 27 (5.49%) Sonatype
6 26 (5.28%) Atlassian
6 26 (5.28%) MuleSoft
7 22 (4.47%) AppDynamics
7 22 (4.47%) ATG
8 20 (4.07%) Sybase
9 19 (3.86%) Reuters
10 18 (3.66%) Google
11 16 (3.25%) IBM
12 15 (3.05%) Perforce
12 15 (3.05%) Splunk
13 14 (2.85%) Red Hat
14 13 (2.64%) Vyatta
15 12 (2.44%) Microsoft
16 11 (2.24%) Syncfusion
London
Staffworx Ltd
Rate: excellent rates, 6-12 months initial contract, long term program
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
Bridge Noble
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
City, London
Lawrence Harvey Enterprise
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
City of London
Pearson Frank
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Staffworx Ltd
Rate: excellent rates, 6 months initial contract
Posted: 16 hours ago
City, London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £600 - £700 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City of London
Pearson Frank
Rate: £350 - £550 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
West End
Capita Defence & Security Resourcing
Posted: 16 hours ago
City of London
Pearson Frank
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: 2 days ago