Period
to 22 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 22 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
England > London
6 months to
22 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 213 221 202
Rank change year-on-year +8 -19 +84
Contract jobs citing JUnit 594 502 593
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 1.29% 1.19% 1.30%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.02% 6.37% 7.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 426 333 425
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £397 £363 £363
90th Percentile £625 £700 £625
England median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +9.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
London median hourly rate - £40.00 -
England median hourly rate £45.00 £41.50 £38.00
% change year-on-year +8.43% +9.21% +1.33%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 9,861 7,877 7,713
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 21.38% 18.66% 16.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,370 5,810 5,675
London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £363 £325 £313
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
England median daily rate £475 £445 £425
% change year-on-year +6.74% +4.71% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 31 35 17
London median hourly rate £45.00 £37.50 £43.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.00% -13.79% +56.59%
10th Percentile £17.00 £21.14 £10.00
90th Percentile £165.00 £56.25 £51.03
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £42.50

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in London over the 6 months to 22 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in London

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the London region over the 6 months to 22 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 111 £525 +5.79% 49
South London +6 82 £550 +18.92% 8
West London +7 50 £540 +8.00% 10
East London -19 6 £338 -46.00% 3
North London - 3 - - 1
JUnit
England

For the 6 months to 22 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 543 (91.41%) Java
2 401 (67.51%) Agile Software Development
3 338 (56.90%) Spring
4 296 (49.83%) Git (software)
5 276 (46.46%) TDD
6 265 (44.61%) Jenkins
7 254 (42.76%) Test Automation
8 249 (41.92%) Maven
9 245 (41.25%) Mockito
10 234 (39.39%) RESTful
11 232 (39.06%) REST
12 182 (30.64%) Continuous Integration
13 170 (28.62%) BDD
13 170 (28.62%) Scrum
13 170 (28.62%) Microservices
14 166 (27.95%) Web Services
15 156 (26.26%) Java 8
16 155 (26.09%) JIRA
17 153 (25.76%) Unix
18 139 (23.40%) SQL
19 138 (23.23%) Hibernate
20 137 (23.06%) OO
21 135 (22.73%) JavaScript
22 131 (22.05%) Confluence
23 130 (21.89%) Linux
24 128 (21.55%) DevOps
25 124 (20.88%) Docker
25 124 (20.88%) Relational Database
26 119 (20.03%) Cucumber
27 115 (19.36%) Open Source

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 131 (22.05%) Confluence
2 96 (16.16%) Tomcat
3 77 (12.96%) Apache
4 38 (6.40%) JBoss
5 37 (6.23%) WildFly
6 35 (5.89%) Elasticsearch
7 25 (4.21%) WebSphere
8 22 (3.70%) WebLogic
9 17 (2.86%) Apache Spark
10 14 (2.36%) CMS
11 13 (2.19%) nginx
11 13 (2.19%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 9 (1.52%) Jetty
13 8 (1.35%) Liferay
14 7 (1.18%) Mule
15 6 (1.01%) Alfresco
15 6 (1.01%) Apache Solr
15 6 (1.01%) Cloud Foundry
16 5 (0.84%) Magnolia
16 5 (0.84%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 2 (0.34%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.17%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 8 (1.35%) Payment Gateway
2 2 (0.34%) Magento
3 1 (0.17%) Global One
3 1 (0.17%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.17%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
Cloud Services
1 114 (19.19%) Amazon AWS
2 24 (4.04%) npm
3 21 (3.54%) GitHub
4 20 (3.37%) Amazon EC2
5 15 (2.53%) Microsoft Azure
6 13 (2.19%) Google Cloud Platform
7 8 (1.35%) AWS Lambda
8 7 (1.18%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 7 (1.18%) Sauce Labs
9 6 (1.01%) Akamai
9 6 (1.01%) Amazon S3
9 6 (1.01%) BrowserStack
10 5 (0.84%) Google Play
10 5 (0.84%) IaaS
10 5 (0.84%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 4 (0.67%) Yarn
12 3 (0.51%) Amazon ELB
12 3 (0.51%) AWS CloudFormation
12 3 (0.51%) Runscope
12 3 (0.51%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 65 (10.94%) HTTP
2 26 (4.38%) TCP/IP
3 9 (1.52%) AMQP
4 7 (1.18%) SMTP
5 6 (1.01%) Internet
6 4 (0.67%) DNS
6 4 (0.67%) DOCSIS
6 4 (0.67%) OpenLDAP
6 4 (0.67%) OpenVPN
6 4 (0.67%) SSH
7 3 (0.51%) FTP
7 3 (0.51%) SMS
8 2 (0.34%) Broadband
8 2 (0.34%) HTTPS
8 2 (0.34%) RTMP
8 2 (0.34%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 124 (20.88%) Relational Database
2 88 (14.81%) NoSQL
3 72 (12.12%) RDBMS
4 66 (11.11%) MongoDB
5 57 (9.60%) MySQL
5 57 (9.60%) PostgreSQL
6 41 (6.90%) SQL Server
7 32 (5.39%) Apache Cassandra
8 23 (3.87%) Hadoop
8 23 (3.87%) Redis
9 19 (3.20%) Big Data
10 11 (1.85%) Hazelcast
11 9 (1.52%) BigQuery
11 9 (1.52%) Bigtable
11 9 (1.52%) Oracle Database
12 8 (1.35%) Endeca
13 7 (1.18%) HBase
14 6 (1.01%) Couchbase
14 6 (1.01%) Oracle Database 11g
15 5 (0.84%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 296 (49.83%) Git (software)
2 265 (44.61%) Jenkins
3 249 (41.92%) Maven
4 245 (41.25%) Mockito
5 155 (26.09%) JIRA
6 119 (20.03%) Cucumber
7 110 (18.52%) Selenium
8 101 (17.00%) Gradle
9 85 (14.31%) SonarQube
10 78 (13.13%) Subversion
11 55 (9.26%) Liquibase
12 53 (8.92%) Checkstyle
13 51 (8.59%) TestNG
14 44 (7.41%) jMock
15 42 (7.07%) IntelliJ
16 39 (6.57%) Hudson
16 39 (6.57%) Vagrant
17 38 (6.40%) WebDriver
18 36 (6.06%) SoapUI
19 32 (5.39%) JMeter
General
1 110 (18.52%) Finance
2 93 (15.66%) Banking
3 38 (6.40%) Investment Banking
4 23 (3.87%) Front Office
5 20 (3.37%) Retail
6 10 (1.68%) Marketing
6 10 (1.68%) Telecoms
7 6 (1.01%) Financial Institution
8 5 (0.84%) Automotive
8 5 (0.84%) Games
9 4 (0.67%) Back Office
10 3 (0.51%) Advertising
10 3 (0.51%) Legal
11 1 (0.17%) Electronics
11 1 (0.17%) Law
11 1 (0.17%) Manufacturing
11 1 (0.17%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 448 (75.42%) Developer
2 320 (53.87%) Java Developer
3 65 (10.94%) Senior Developer
4 54 (9.09%) Senior Java Developer
5 47 (7.91%) Agile Developer
6 30 (5.05%) Tester
7 29 (4.88%) SC Cleared Java Developer
8 27 (4.55%) Automation Tester
9 26 (4.38%) DevOps Engineer
10 25 (4.21%) Java Engineer
11 24 (4.04%) Scala Developer
12 22 (3.70%) Android Developer
13 19 (3.20%) Agile Java Developer
14 16 (2.69%) Cloud Developer
14 16 (2.69%) Software Developer
15 15 (2.53%) Oracle Developer
16 14 (2.36%) Developer in Test
16 14 (2.36%) Full Stack Developer
16 14 (2.36%) Web Developer
17 13 (2.19%) E-Commerce Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 338 (56.90%) Spring
2 234 (39.39%) RESTful
3 232 (39.06%) REST
4 166 (27.95%) Web Services
5 138 (23.23%) Hibernate
6 112 (18.86%) JMS
7 98 (16.50%) XML
8 93 (15.66%) SOAP
9 75 (12.63%) HTML
10 74 (12.46%) J2EE
10 74 (12.46%) JSON
11 70 (11.78%) Java EE
12 67 (11.28%) Spring Boot
13 63 (10.61%) JAX-RS
14 58 (9.76%) CSS
14 58 (9.76%) WireMock
15 53 (8.92%) Drools
16 52 (8.75%) Spring MVC
17 51 (8.59%) HTML5
17 51 (8.59%) Lambda Expressions
Miscellaneous
1 55 (9.26%) Linux Command Line
2 46 (7.74%) Fixed Income
3 43 (7.24%) Mobile App
4 40 (6.73%) Greenfield Project
5 32 (5.39%) Computer Science
6 25 (4.21%) Fintech
6 25 (4.21%) User Experience
7 23 (3.87%) Analytical Skills
8 20 (3.37%) Enterprise Software
9 19 (3.20%) Data Structures
10 16 (2.69%) Algorithms
11 12 (2.02%) iPad
12 11 (1.85%) Derivative
13 10 (1.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 10 (1.68%) Mobile Payment
14 9 (1.52%) Social Media
15 8 (1.35%) FMCG
16 7 (1.18%) Equities
17 6 (1.01%) N-Tier
17 6 (1.01%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 153 (25.76%) Unix
2 130 (21.89%) Linux
3 39 (6.57%) VMS
4 30 (5.05%) Android
5 18 (3.03%) Ubuntu
6 17 (2.86%) CentOS
7 16 (2.69%) Windows
8 10 (1.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 8 (1.35%) Apple iOS
10 6 (1.01%) Solaris
11 5 (0.84%) HPUX
12 2 (0.34%) Windows 2000
12 2 (0.34%) Windows Vista
13 1 (0.17%) DC/OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 401 (67.51%) Agile Software Development
2 276 (46.46%) TDD
3 254 (42.76%) Test Automation
4 182 (30.64%) Continuous Integration
5 170 (28.62%) BDD
5 170 (28.62%) Microservices
5 170 (28.62%) Scrum
6 137 (23.06%) OO
7 128 (21.55%) DevOps
8 115 (19.36%) Open Source
9 89 (14.98%) Dependency Injection
10 87 (14.65%) Kanban
11 80 (13.47%) MVC
12 77 (12.96%) Domain-Driven Design
12 77 (12.96%) Pair Programming
13 68 (11.45%) Unit Testing
14 66 (11.11%) Software Engineering
15 65 (10.94%) E-Commerce
16 56 (9.43%) SDLC
17 52 (8.75%) OOA/OOD
Programming Languages
1 543 (91.41%) Java
2 156 (26.26%) Java 8
3 139 (23.40%) SQL
4 135 (22.73%) JavaScript
5 67 (11.28%) Scala
6 53 (8.92%) Groovy
7 51 (8.59%) JPQL
8 43 (7.24%) Python
8 43 (7.24%) Shell Script
9 39 (6.57%) Ruby
10 24 (4.04%) Kotlin
11 20 (3.37%) Bash Shell
12 19 (3.20%) XPath
13 11 (1.85%) C#
13 11 (1.85%) PL/SQL
14 9 (1.52%) C
14 9 (1.52%) PHP
14 9 (1.52%) XQuery
15 7 (1.18%) ES6
15 7 (1.18%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 76 (12.79%) Security Cleared
2 64 (10.77%) SC Cleared
3 41 (6.90%) Degree
4 38 (6.40%) BPSS Clearance
5 26 (4.38%) Computer Science Degree
6 8 (1.35%) ISEB
7 6 (1.01%) DV Cleared
8 4 (0.67%) ISTQB
8 4 (0.67%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.51%) AWS Certification
9 3 (0.51%) ISEB Practitioner
9 3 (0.51%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 3 (0.51%) OCPJP
9 3 (0.51%) Sun Certification
10 1 (0.17%) CTC Cleared
10 1 (0.17%) PMI Certification
10 1 (0.17%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 43 (7.24%) QA
2 9 (1.52%) GCP
3 7 (1.18%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.51%) PMO
5 2 (0.34%) Dodd-Frank
5 2 (0.34%) EMIR
5 2 (0.34%) GDPR
6 1 (0.17%) MiFID
System Software
1 124 (20.88%) Docker
2 15 (2.53%) Virtual Machines
3 14 (2.36%) HDFS
4 12 (2.02%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (2.02%) vSphere
5 4 (0.67%) Apache Flume
5 4 (0.67%) Postfix
5 4 (0.67%) Squid
5 4 (0.67%) vCloud
6 2 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.17%) ACF2
7 1 (0.17%) Active Directory
7 1 (0.17%) RACF
Systems Management
1 61 (10.27%) Kubernetes
2 48 (8.08%) Ansible
3 39 (6.57%) Puppet
4 30 (5.05%) Opscode Chef
5 28 (4.71%) Grafana
6 27 (4.55%) Kibana
7 22 (3.70%) Prometheus
8 21 (3.54%) Terraform
9 17 (2.86%) logstash
10 10 (1.68%) Rancher
11 7 (1.18%) Mesos
11 7 (1.18%) Packer
12 6 (1.01%) Oozie
13 5 (0.84%) Hadoop YARN
14 4 (0.67%) Control-M
14 4 (0.67%) Docker Swarm
14 4 (0.67%) ZABBIX
15 3 (0.51%) Business Desktop Deployment
15 3 (0.51%) HP Quality Center
15 3 (0.51%) Red Hat Spacewalk
Vendors
1 57 (9.60%) Oracle
2 44 (7.41%) Google
3 26 (4.38%) Atlassian
4 19 (3.20%) VMware
5 17 (2.86%) Sybase
6 16 (2.69%) MuleSoft
6 16 (2.69%) Splunk
7 15 (2.53%) IBM
8 13 (2.19%) AppDynamics
8 13 (2.19%) Red Hat
9 10 (1.68%) Murex
10 8 (1.35%) ATG
11 7 (1.18%) Microsoft
12 5 (0.84%) Cloudera
12 5 (0.84%) Hortonworks
12 5 (0.84%) MapR
13 4 (0.67%) Apple
13 4 (0.67%) CA Agile Central
13 4 (0.67%) HP
13 4 (0.67%) Sonatype