Period
to 2 December 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Legacy Systems in contract job vacancies advertised in London. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Legacy Systems over the 6 months to 2 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Legacy System
England > London
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 289 220 326
Rank change year-on-year -69 +106 -26
Contract jobs citing Legacy Systems 328 170 237
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.86% 1.05% 0.68%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.59% 2.89% 2.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 228 128 177
10th Percentile £443 £371 £328
25th Percentile £513 £484 £416
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £600 £550
Median % change year-on-year +0.04% +9.09% -
75th Percentile £750 £653 £625
90th Percentile £800 £800 £713
England median daily rate £550 £550 £500
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 2
Median hourly rate - - £28.00
England median hourly rate £36.25 £24.00 £30.73
% change year-on-year +51.04% -21.89% -1.67%

Legacy Systems is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 12,640 5,873 10,780
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 33.26% 36.31% 31.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,358 4,241 7,692
10th Percentile £363 £313 £308
25th Percentile £475 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - -
75th Percentile £688 £650 £625
90th Percentile £775 £750 £710
England median daily rate £525 £488 £475
% change year-on-year +7.69% +2.63% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 146 78 139
10th Percentile £16.58 £12.76 £12.44
25th Percentile £22.32 £22.50 £15.80
Median hourly rate £35.00 £30.62 £21.50
Median % change year-on-year +14.30% +42.42% -1.19%
75th Percentile £53.50 £39.39 £39.18
90th Percentile £67.25 £48.05 £52.50
England median hourly rate £24.06 £27.50 £20.50
% change year-on-year -12.51% +34.15% +2.50%

Legacy Systems
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Legacy Systems as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Legacy Systems in London

Legacy Systems
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Legacy Systems in London.

Daily rate trend for Legacy Systems in London

Legacy Systems
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Legacy Systems in London over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Legacy Systems in London

Legacy Systems
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Legacy Systems in London.

Hourly rate trend for Legacy Systems in London

Legacy Systems
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Legacy Systems within the London region over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -36 57 £600 -5.84% 8
South London +4 5 £434 +2.06%
East London -15 3 £487 +2.53%
West London -24 2 £405 - 5
Legacy Systems
England

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Legacy Systems also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Legacy Systems.

1 144 (43.90%) Agile Software Development
2 111 (33.84%) Migration
3 98 (29.88%) Finance
4 82 (25.00%) AWS
5 76 (23.17%) SQL
6 74 (22.56%) Azure
7 69 (21.04%) Microservices
8 61 (18.60%) Java
9 60 (18.29%) Oracle
10 57 (17.38%) Social Skills
11 50 (15.24%) C#
12 47 (14.33%) .NET
13 46 (14.02%) Banking
14 42 (12.80%) Data Migration
14 42 (12.80%) Kubernetes
15 39 (11.89%) DevOps
15 39 (11.89%) Python
16 37 (11.28%) C++
17 34 (10.37%) Stakeholder Management
17 34 (10.37%) SDLC
18 33 (10.06%) Serverless
19 32 (9.76%) Microsoft
19 32 (9.76%) Software Engineering
19 32 (9.76%) Continuous Improvement
19 32 (9.76%) Data Engineering
19 32 (9.76%) Cloud Native
20 31 (9.45%) PL/SQL
20 31 (9.45%) SAP
21 29 (8.84%) MongoDB
21 29 (8.84%) Problem-Solving

Legacy Systems
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (7.32%) BizTalk Server
2 18 (5.49%) SharePoint
3 8 (2.44%) Confluence
4 5 (1.52%) Apache
4 5 (1.52%) Skype for Business
5 4 (1.22%) Apache Spark
6 3 (0.91%) Documentum
6 3 (0.91%) Elasticsearch
6 3 (0.91%) IBM Domino
6 3 (0.91%) MS Exchange
6 3 (0.91%) OpenStack
7 2 (0.61%) CMS
7 2 (0.61%) GemFire
7 2 (0.61%) Hyperledger
7 2 (0.61%) IIS
7 2 (0.61%) JBoss
7 2 (0.61%) Red Hat Fuse
7 2 (0.61%) SharePoint 2013
8 1 (0.30%) Apache ServiceMix
8 1 (0.30%) IBM HTTP Server
Applications
1 16 (4.88%) Spreadsheet
2 10 (3.05%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (2.74%) Microsoft Project
4 3 (0.91%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.91%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.91%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 9 (2.74%) Orchestrade
1 9 (2.74%) SAP S/4HANA
2 5 (1.52%) Oracle ERP
3 4 (1.22%) SAP HCM
4 2 (0.61%) Dynamics AX
4 2 (0.61%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.61%) Maximo
4 2 (0.61%) PeopleSoft HCM
4 2 (0.61%) Primavera
4 2 (0.61%) Workday HCM
5 1 (0.30%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.30%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.30%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.30%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 1 (0.30%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.30%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
5 1 (0.30%) SAP CO
5 1 (0.30%) SAP FI
5 1 (0.30%) SAP HR
5 1 (0.30%) SAP Retail
Cloud Services
1 82 (25.00%) AWS
2 74 (22.56%) Azure
3 33 (10.06%) Serverless
4 28 (8.54%) AWS Lambda
4 28 (8.54%) Azure Cosmos DB
5 27 (8.23%) Azure Functions
6 26 (7.93%) Azure Logic Apps
7 24 (7.32%) Azure Storage
8 20 (6.10%) SaaS
9 16 (4.88%) GCP
10 13 (3.96%) Power Platform
11 11 (3.35%) Microsoft 365
12 10 (3.05%) Azure Data Factory
13 9 (2.74%) Dynamics 365
14 8 (2.44%) PaaS
15 7 (2.13%) Cloud Computing
15 7 (2.13%) GitHub
16 6 (1.83%) OpenShift
17 5 (1.52%) Amazon EKS
17 5 (1.52%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 5 (1.52%) Skype
2 4 (1.22%) Internet
2 4 (1.22%) Unified Communications
3 3 (0.91%) DNS
3 3 (0.91%) Firewall
3 3 (0.91%) PBX
3 3 (0.91%) PSTN
4 2 (0.61%) SNMP
5 1 (0.30%) BIG-IP
5 1 (0.30%) DHCP
5 1 (0.30%) HTTP
5 1 (0.30%) Intranet
5 1 (0.30%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 29 (8.84%) MongoDB
2 25 (7.62%) Azure SQL Database
3 14 (4.27%) SQL Server
4 13 (3.96%) Data Warehouse
4 13 (3.96%) Hadoop
4 13 (3.96%) Relational Database
5 10 (3.05%) Big Data
5 10 (3.05%) Power BI
6 9 (2.74%) PostgreSQL
7 8 (2.44%) RDBMS
8 7 (2.13%) Data Lake
8 7 (2.13%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 6 (1.83%) SAP HANA
10 5 (1.52%) Blockchain
10 5 (1.52%) NoSQL
11 4 (1.22%) Redis
11 4 (1.22%) SAP BW
12 3 (0.91%) MySQL
13 2 (0.61%) SQL Server 2008
13 2 (0.61%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 16 (4.88%) Git (software)
2 13 (3.96%) JIRA
3 12 (3.66%) Jenkins
4 8 (2.44%) Bitbucket
5 7 (2.13%) GitLab
6 4 (1.22%) JUnit
6 4 (1.22%) LSMW
6 4 (1.22%) Sonatype Nexus
7 3 (0.91%) Artifactory
7 3 (0.91%) Cucumber
7 3 (0.91%) Cypress.io
7 3 (0.91%) Gatling
7 3 (0.91%) Hudson
7 3 (0.91%) IBM UrbanCode
7 3 (0.91%) JMeter
7 3 (0.91%) Octopus Deploy
7 3 (0.91%) TeamCity
7 3 (0.91%) WebDriver
8 2 (0.61%) Pa11y
8 2 (0.61%) REST Assured
General
1 98 (29.88%) Finance
2 57 (17.38%) Social Skills
3 46 (14.02%) Banking
4 28 (8.54%) Front Office
5 18 (5.49%) Retail
6 16 (4.88%) Analytical Skills
7 15 (4.57%) Public Sector
8 11 (3.35%) Investment Banking
9 10 (3.05%) Influencing Skills
10 9 (2.74%) Marketing
11 8 (2.44%) French Language
11 8 (2.44%) Law
11 8 (2.44%) Legal
12 7 (2.13%) Back Office
12 7 (2.13%) Organisational Skills
13 6 (1.83%) Retail Banking
14 5 (1.52%) Financial Institution
14 5 (1.52%) Presentation Skills
15 3 (0.91%) Manufacturing
16 2 (0.61%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 83 (25.30%) Developer
2 56 (17.07%) Architect
3 33 (10.06%) Analyst
4 27 (8.23%) C# Developer
5 23 (7.01%) Java Developer
6 22 (6.71%) Project Manager
7 21 (6.40%) Consultant
8 20 (6.10%) Azure Developer
8 20 (6.10%) Solutions Architect
9 19 (5.79%) Business Analyst
10 18 (5.49%) Senior Developer
11 16 (4.88%) Energy Trading Developer
11 16 (4.88%) Technical Architect
12 13 (3.96%) Data Architect
12 13 (3.96%) Electronic Trading Consultant
12 13 (3.96%) Java Consultant
12 13 (3.96%) Pricing Consultant
12 13 (3.96%) Programme Manager
13 11 (3.35%) Technical Leader
14 10 (3.05%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 47 (14.33%) .NET
2 23 (7.01%) .NET Core
3 18 (5.49%) Kafka
4 17 (5.18%) Web Services
5 13 (3.96%) HTML
6 12 (3.66%) Spring
7 9 (2.74%) React
7 9 (2.74%) Spring Boot
8 7 (2.13%) REST
9 6 (1.83%) .NET Framework
9 6 (1.83%) HTML5
10 5 (1.52%) AngularJS
10 5 (1.52%) Apache NiFi
11 4 (1.22%) CSS
11 4 (1.22%) RESTful
11 4 (1.22%) XML
12 3 (0.91%) ADO
12 3 (0.91%) Ajax
12 3 (0.91%) jQuery
12 3 (0.91%) Struts
Miscellaneous
1 32 (9.76%) Cloud Native
2 26 (7.93%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 17 (5.18%) Fixed Income
4 10 (3.05%) Greenfield Project
4 10 (3.05%) User Experience
5 9 (2.74%) Data Structures
6 8 (2.44%) Derivative
6 8 (2.44%) Legacy Applications
6 8 (2.44%) Virtual Team
7 7 (2.13%) Management Information System
8 6 (1.83%) Reference Data
9 5 (1.52%) Data Protection Act
9 5 (1.52%) Renewable Energy
10 4 (1.22%) Mainframe
10 4 (1.22%) Market Risk
11 3 (0.91%) Client/Server
11 3 (0.91%) Enterprise Software
11 3 (0.91%) Reinsurance
11 3 (0.91%) Robotics
12 2 (0.61%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 28 (8.54%) Windows
2 17 (5.18%) Linux
3 5 (1.52%) Unix
3 5 (1.52%) Windows Server
4 3 (0.91%) Ubuntu
5 2 (0.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 2 (0.61%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 144 (43.90%) Agile Software Development
2 111 (33.84%) Migration
3 69 (21.04%) Microservices
4 42 (12.80%) Data Migration
5 39 (11.89%) DevOps
6 34 (10.37%) SDLC
6 34 (10.37%) Stakeholder Management
7 32 (9.76%) Continuous Improvement
7 32 (9.76%) Data Engineering
7 32 (9.76%) Software Engineering
8 29 (8.84%) Problem-Solving
9 26 (7.93%) Data Development
10 25 (7.62%) Full Stack Development
11 23 (7.01%) ETL
12 22 (6.71%) Project Management
12 22 (6.71%) Test Automation
13 20 (6.10%) ERP
13 20 (6.10%) User Acceptance Testing
14 19 (5.79%) Analytics
15 18 (5.49%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 76 (23.17%) SQL
2 61 (18.60%) Java
3 50 (15.24%) C#
4 39 (11.89%) Python
5 37 (11.28%) C++
6 31 (9.45%) PL/SQL
7 27 (8.23%) T-SQL
8 23 (7.01%) Go
9 15 (4.57%) JavaScript
10 11 (3.35%) Java 8
11 7 (2.13%) C
12 3 (0.91%) Java 11
12 3 (0.91%) PowerShell
13 2 (0.61%) Scala
13 2 (0.61%) Tcl
13 2 (0.61%) VBA
14 1 (0.30%) COBOL
14 1 (0.30%) JCL
14 1 (0.30%) PHP
14 1 (0.30%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 20 (6.10%) Security Cleared
2 19 (5.79%) Degree
3 14 (4.27%) SC Cleared
4 6 (1.83%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (0.91%) PMI Certification
5 3 (0.91%) PMP
6 2 (0.61%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.30%) CCA
7 1 (0.30%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (5.79%) QA
2 9 (2.74%) Data Quality
3 8 (2.44%) MiFID
4 5 (1.52%) Accessibility
4 5 (1.52%) PMO
5 3 (0.91%) GDPR
6 2 (0.61%) COBIT
6 2 (0.61%) GRC
6 2 (0.61%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.30%) NIST
7 1 (0.30%) SOC 2
System Software
1 18 (5.49%) Docker
2 4 (1.22%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.30%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 42 (12.80%) Kubernetes
2 9 (2.74%) Ansible
3 8 (2.44%) Terraform
4 5 (1.52%) Nagios
4 5 (1.52%) Puppet
5 2 (0.61%) Grafana
5 2 (0.61%) Kibana
5 2 (0.61%) Single Sign-On
6 1 (0.30%) CA Service Virtualization
6 1 (0.30%) CA Single Sign-On
6 1 (0.30%) Consul
6 1 (0.30%) Istio
6 1 (0.30%) logstash
6 1 (0.30%) Packer
6 1 (0.30%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 60 (18.29%) Oracle
2 32 (9.76%) Microsoft
3 31 (9.45%) SAP
4 25 (7.62%) MuleSoft
5 16 (4.88%) Salesforce.com
6 10 (3.05%) Google
7 8 (2.44%) hybris
8 6 (1.83%) Workday
9 5 (1.52%) Databricks
10 4 (1.22%) Cloudera
10 4 (1.22%) ServiceNow
10 4 (1.22%) Splunk
11 3 (0.91%) Alteryx
11 3 (0.91%) AppDynamics
11 3 (0.91%) Hyperion
11 3 (0.91%) IBM
11 3 (0.91%) New Relic
11 3 (0.91%) Sybase
11 3 (0.91%) Xerox
12 2 (0.61%) PeopleSoft