Period
to 27 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 27 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
England > London
6 months to
27 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 257 213 200
Rank change year-on-year -44 -13 -61
Contract jobs citing CSS3 388 205 414
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.03% 1.14% 1.39%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.19% 3.16% 3.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 323 151 301
10th Percentile £389 £350 £325
25th Percentile £461 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £475 £463
Median % change year-on-year +26.32% +2.70% -2.63%
75th Percentile £700 £550 £538
90th Percentile £750 £575 £625
England median daily rate £530 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +17.78% +5.88% -5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 5
10th Percentile £63.48 - -
25th Percentile £64.02 - £47.50
Median hourly rate £66.08 - £50.00
75th Percentile £68.67 - £52.50
90th Percentile £69.53 - -
England median hourly rate £67.80 £25.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year +165.88% -49.00% +5.26%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,149 6,478 10,598
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 32.31% 36.13% 35.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,366 4,845 7,939
10th Percentile £413 £360 £375
25th Percentile £500 £425 £440
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% - -
75th Percentile £695 £613 £613
90th Percentile £775 £700 £700
England median daily rate £550 £488 £500
% change year-on-year +12.82% -2.50% +1.01%
Number of hourly rates quoted 65 28 52
10th Percentile £20.89 £23.88 £25.68
25th Percentile £35.00 £32.03 £36.70
Median hourly rate £55.00 £45.00 £48.34
Median % change year-on-year +22.22% -6.91% +20.85%
75th Percentile £71.00 £54.25 £53.83
90th Percentile £80.50 £62.65 £78.75
England median hourly rate £49.75 £45.00 £46.40
% change year-on-year +10.56% -3.02% +10.68%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS3 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing CSS3 in London.

Daily rate trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing CSS3 in London over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing CSS3 in London.

Hourly rate trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the London region over the 6 months to 27 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -53 41 £475 -13.64% 37
West London -20 3 £500 - 9
CSS3
England

For the 6 months to 27 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 388 (100.00%) CSS
2 371 (95.62%) HTML
3 364 (93.81%) JavaScript
4 346 (89.18%) HTML5
5 216 (55.67%) React
6 176 (45.36%) Agile Software Development
7 165 (42.53%) TypeScript
8 142 (36.60%) CI/CD
9 138 (35.57%) DevOps
10 130 (33.51%) AngularJS
11 127 (32.73%) Azure
12 126 (32.47%) Full Stack Development
13 120 (30.93%) Front End Development
14 115 (29.64%) Sass
15 112 (28.87%) Git (software)
16 110 (28.35%) Node.js
17 109 (28.09%) AWS
18 108 (27.84%) Python
19 82 (21.13%) Java
20 78 (20.10%) User Experience
21 76 (19.59%) Social Skills
22 73 (18.81%) Finance
23 72 (18.56%) ES6
24 71 (18.30%) Software Engineering
25 69 (17.78%) REST
25 69 (17.78%) Problem-Solving
26 68 (17.53%) Accessibility
27 64 (16.49%) TDD
27 64 (16.49%) Web Services
28 63 (16.24%) LESS

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (6.44%) CMS
2 14 (3.61%) Adobe Experience Manager
3 11 (2.84%) Confluence
4 6 (1.55%) Sitecore CMS
5 5 (1.29%) WordPress
6 4 (1.03%) Drupal
6 4 (1.03%) Headless CMS
7 3 (0.77%) Apache
7 3 (0.77%) Apache Spark
8 2 (0.52%) Cloud Foundry
8 2 (0.52%) Joomla!
9 1 (0.26%) Elasticsearch
9 1 (0.26%) nginx
9 1 (0.26%) SharePoint
Applications
1 8 (2.06%) Sketch
2 3 (0.77%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 2 (0.52%) Adobe XD
3 2 (0.52%) InVision
3 2 (0.52%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.26%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.26%) GIMP
4 1 (0.26%) OmniGraffle
4 1 (0.26%) UXPin
4 1 (0.26%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 20 (5.15%) Shopify
2 8 (2.06%) Payment Gateway
3 5 (1.29%) Magento
4 1 (0.26%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 127 (32.73%) Azure
2 109 (28.09%) AWS
3 47 (12.11%) GitHub
4 36 (9.28%) npm
5 8 (2.06%) Cloud Computing
5 8 (2.06%) IaaS
6 6 (1.55%) Figma
6 6 (1.55%) GCP
6 6 (1.55%) GitHub Actions
7 5 (1.29%) SaaS
7 5 (1.29%) Yarn
8 4 (1.03%) Amazon S3
8 4 (1.03%) AWS CloudFormation
9 2 (0.52%) Adobe Creative Cloud
9 2 (0.52%) AWS Lambda
9 2 (0.52%) Google Analytics
9 2 (0.52%) Serverless
10 1 (0.26%) Akamai
10 1 (0.26%) Azure Functions
10 1 (0.26%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 14 (3.61%) Internet
2 10 (2.58%) HTTP
3 9 (2.32%) DNS
4 8 (2.06%) DMZ
4 8 (2.06%) Firewall
5 7 (1.80%) Broadband
6 1 (0.26%) Intranet
6 1 (0.26%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 36 (9.28%) SQL Server
2 20 (5.15%) MySQL
3 10 (2.58%) PostgreSQL
4 8 (2.06%) NoSQL
4 8 (2.06%) Relational Database
5 7 (1.80%) MongoDB
6 6 (1.55%) Data Warehouse
7 4 (1.03%) MariaDB
8 3 (0.77%) Amazon RDS
8 3 (0.77%) Apache Cassandra
8 3 (0.77%) CouchDB
9 2 (0.52%) Redis
10 1 (0.26%) Azure SQL Database
10 1 (0.26%) Couchbase
10 1 (0.26%) RDBMS
10 1 (0.26%) Riak
10 1 (0.26%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 1 (0.26%) Sybase ASE
10 1 (0.26%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 112 (28.87%) Git (software)
2 51 (13.14%) webpack
3 48 (12.37%) Jenkins
4 22 (5.67%) Grunt
4 22 (5.67%) JIRA
5 17 (4.38%) gulp
6 15 (3.87%) JUnit
6 15 (3.87%) TeamCity
7 13 (3.35%) GitLab
8 12 (3.09%) Jasmine
8 12 (3.09%) Mockito
9 10 (2.58%) Bitbucket
9 10 (2.58%) Cucumber
10 9 (2.32%) ESLint
10 9 (2.32%) Maven
10 9 (2.32%) Mocha
10 9 (2.32%) Octopus Deploy
10 9 (2.32%) Storybook
11 8 (2.06%) Cypress.io
12 7 (1.80%) Bower
General
1 76 (19.59%) Social Skills
2 73 (18.81%) Finance
3 44 (11.34%) Banking
4 28 (7.22%) Analytical Skills
5 24 (6.19%) Presentation Skills
6 19 (4.90%) Marketing
7 17 (4.38%) Investment Banking
8 13 (3.35%) Front Office
9 11 (2.84%) Publishing
9 11 (2.84%) Retail
10 7 (1.80%) Games
11 4 (1.03%) Public Sector
12 3 (0.77%) Financial Institution
12 3 (0.77%) Law
12 3 (0.77%) Legal
12 3 (0.77%) Multimedia
13 2 (0.52%) Advertising
13 2 (0.52%) Automotive
13 2 (0.52%) Telecoms
14 1 (0.26%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 310 (79.90%) Developer
2 85 (21.91%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 52 (13.40%) Full Stack Developer
4 43 (11.08%) JavaScript Developer
5 39 (10.05%) Senior Developer
6 38 (9.79%) React Developer
7 32 (8.25%) Python Developer
8 30 (7.73%) PHP Developer
9 19 (4.90%) UI Developer
10 18 (4.64%) Angular Developer
10 18 (4.64%) Senior Front-End Developer
11 16 (4.12%) Software Engineer
12 15 (3.87%) Python Engineer
13 14 (3.61%) Lead Developer
13 14 (3.61%) Software Developer
14 13 (3.35%) Azure Engineer
14 13 (3.35%) Backend Developer
14 13 (3.35%) Principal Developer
15 10 (2.58%) AWS Engineer
15 10 (2.58%) Senior Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 388 (100.00%) CSS
2 371 (95.62%) HTML
3 346 (89.18%) HTML5
4 216 (55.67%) React
5 130 (33.51%) AngularJS
6 115 (29.64%) Sass
7 110 (28.35%) Node.js
8 69 (17.78%) REST
9 64 (16.49%) Web Services
10 63 (16.24%) LESS
11 57 (14.69%) .NET
12 56 (14.43%) Redux
13 53 (13.66%) RESTful
14 44 (11.34%) Vue.js
15 41 (10.57%) Django
15 41 (10.57%) JSON
16 40 (10.31%) Flask
17 39 (10.05%) jQuery
18 32 (8.25%) .NET Framework
18 32 (8.25%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 78 (20.10%) User Experience
2 23 (5.93%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 22 (5.67%) Greenfield Project
4 21 (5.41%) Enterprise Software
5 18 (4.64%) Mobile App
6 14 (3.61%) Derivative
7 11 (2.84%) Data Structures
7 11 (2.84%) Public Cloud
7 11 (2.84%) Social Media
8 10 (2.58%) Equities
9 8 (2.06%) Renewable Energy
10 7 (1.80%) Management Information System
11 6 (1.55%) Algorithms
11 6 (1.55%) Cloud Native
11 6 (1.55%) W3C
12 5 (1.29%) Market Risk
12 5 (1.29%) Virtual Team
13 4 (1.03%) Analytical Mindset
13 4 (1.03%) Legacy Applications
14 3 (0.77%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 27 (6.96%) Linux
2 6 (1.55%) Unix
3 5 (1.29%) Windows
4 3 (0.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 3 (0.77%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 176 (45.36%) Agile Software Development
2 142 (36.60%) CI/CD
3 138 (35.57%) DevOps
4 126 (32.47%) Full Stack Development
5 120 (30.93%) Front End Development
6 71 (18.30%) Software Engineering
7 69 (17.78%) Problem-Solving
8 64 (16.49%) TDD
9 55 (14.18%) MVC
10 54 (13.92%) Scrum
11 53 (13.66%) Multithreading
12 48 (12.37%) Web Development
13 46 (11.86%) Microservices
14 43 (11.08%) UX Design
15 42 (10.82%) OO
15 42 (10.82%) Test Automation
16 40 (10.31%) Mentoring
17 36 (9.28%) Responsive Web Design
17 36 (9.28%) Unit Testing
18 31 (7.99%) Data Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 364 (93.81%) JavaScript
2 165 (42.53%) TypeScript
3 108 (27.84%) Python
4 82 (21.13%) Java
5 72 (18.56%) ES6
6 57 (14.69%) PHP
7 53 (13.66%) C#
8 45 (11.60%) SQL
9 15 (3.87%) Ruby
10 13 (3.35%) Java 11
11 12 (3.09%) Java 8
12 11 (2.84%) Scala
13 6 (1.55%) Kotlin
14 4 (1.03%) ActionScript
14 4 (1.03%) PowerShell
14 4 (1.03%) R
15 1 (0.26%) Bash
15 1 (0.26%) ES7
15 1 (0.26%) PHP 5
15 1 (0.26%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 18 (4.64%) Degree
2 9 (2.32%) Computer Science Degree
2 9 (2.32%) Security Cleared
3 7 (1.80%) SC Cleared
4 4 (1.03%) Master's Degree
5 2 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.26%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 68 (17.53%) Accessibility
2 14 (3.61%) QA
3 8 (2.06%) PCI DSS
4 5 (1.29%) WCAG
5 3 (0.77%) GDPR
System Software
1 59 (15.21%) Docker
2 4 (1.03%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 37 (9.54%) Kubernetes
2 13 (3.35%) Terraform
3 4 (1.03%) Ansible
4 3 (0.77%) Kubeflow
5 1 (0.26%) Kibana
5 1 (0.26%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (0.26%) Puppet
Vendors
1 21 (5.41%) Adobe
2 19 (4.90%) Microsoft
3 8 (2.06%) PayPal
3 8 (2.06%) WorldPay
4 6 (1.55%) Sitecore
4 6 (1.55%) Zend
5 5 (1.29%) hybris
6 4 (1.03%) Oracle
7 3 (0.77%) Google
8 1 (0.26%) SaltStack
8 1 (0.26%) Splunk
8 1 (0.26%) Sybase
8 1 (0.26%) Twitter
8 1 (0.26%) Xamarin