Period
to 17 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 17 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
England > London
6 months to
17 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 125 93 57
Rank change year-on-year -32 -36 +3
Contract jobs citing CSS3 1,064 1,326 1,707
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 2.27% 2.81% 3.87%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 5.80% 7.61% 11.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 775 1,105 1,312
London median daily rate £475 £463 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +4.94%
10th Percentile £325 £319 £318
90th Percentile £600 £613 £600
England median daily rate £440 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +3.53% - +13.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 7
London median hourly rate £47.50 - £46.00
10th Percentile £24.45 - £32.72
90th Percentile £52.75 - £47.90
England median hourly rate £36.00 £37.97 £46.00
% change year-on-year -5.19% -17.46% +108.55%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,338 17,426 15,446
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 39.19% 36.90% 34.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,863 13,354 11,489
London median daily rate £525 £500 £473
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.82% +5.00%
10th Percentile £374 £350 £323
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
England median daily rate £480 £471 £425
% change year-on-year +2.02% +10.71% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 81 100 74
London median hourly rate £36.00 £29.00 £42.13
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +24.14% -31.16% +13.85%
10th Percentile £24.11 £19.00 £19.23
90th Percentile £57.50 £47.83 £57.32
England median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.75% - +6.67%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3 in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in London over the 6 months to 17 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in London over the 6 months to 17 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the London region over the 6 months to 17 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -44 185 £500 +11.11% 81
West London -18 62 £425 -5.56% 60
South London +3 48 £450 +15.38% 5
East London -33 7 £425 -22.73% 22
North London -6 5 £403 -8.00% 3
CSS3
England

For the 6 months to 17 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 1,064 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,023 (96.15%) HTML
3 973 (91.45%) HTML5
4 900 (84.59%) JavaScript
5 594 (55.83%) Agile Software Development
6 470 (44.17%) AngularJS
7 457 (42.95%) Front End Development
8 431 (40.51%) React
9 387 (36.37%) Node.js
10 319 (29.98%) TDD
11 310 (29.14%) Sass
12 308 (28.95%) Git (software)
13 219 (20.58%) jQuery
14 216 (20.30%) Java
15 209 (19.64%) User Experience
16 203 (19.08%) ES6
16 203 (19.08%) Redux
17 165 (15.51%) OO
18 162 (15.23%) BDD
19 158 (14.85%) Web Development
20 157 (14.76%) Scrum
21 153 (14.38%) Finance
22 152 (14.29%) TypeScript
23 151 (14.19%) Responsive Web Design
24 147 (13.82%) MVC
24 147 (13.82%) Twitter Bootstrap
25 136 (12.78%) DevOps
26 132 (12.41%) REST
27 129 (12.12%) RESTful
28 124 (11.65%) Test Automation

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (5.73%) CMS
2 32 (3.01%) Confluence
3 26 (2.44%) WordPress
4 19 (1.79%) WebSphere
5 15 (1.41%) Commerce Server
6 14 (1.32%) Drupal
7 11 (1.03%) CoreMedia CMS
7 11 (1.03%) Tomcat
8 8 (0.75%) Cloud Foundry
8 8 (0.75%) Elasticsearch
8 8 (0.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 7 (0.66%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 7 (0.66%) Apache
10 6 (0.56%) Marvel
11 5 (0.47%) SharePoint
12 4 (0.38%) Tornado
13 3 (0.28%) EPiServer
13 3 (0.28%) Sitecore CMS
13 3 (0.28%) WebLogic
14 2 (0.19%) IIS
Applications
1 59 (5.55%) Photoshop
2 19 (1.79%) Microsoft Excel
3 14 (1.32%) Adobe Illustrator
4 11 (1.03%) InVision
5 8 (0.75%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 8 (0.75%) Fireworks
6 4 (0.38%) InDesign
7 3 (0.28%) Chatbot
7 3 (0.28%) OmniGraffle
8 2 (0.19%) GIMP
9 1 (0.094%) SketchUp
9 1 (0.094%) UserZoom
9 1 (0.094%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 4 (0.38%) Payment Gateway
2 3 (0.28%) Unica
3 2 (0.19%) Adobe Campaign
3 2 (0.19%) Magento
3 2 (0.19%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.094%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.094%) SDL Web 8
4 1 (0.094%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 64 (6.02%) Amazon AWS
2 53 (4.98%) Microsoft Azure
3 43 (4.04%) npm
4 37 (3.48%) GitHub
5 26 (2.44%) Serverless
6 25 (2.35%) Google Cloud Platform
7 20 (1.88%) OpenShift
8 18 (1.69%) AWS Lambda
9 16 (1.50%) SaaS
10 8 (0.75%) Amazon EC2
11 7 (0.66%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 7 (0.66%) Basecamp
11 7 (0.66%) PaaS
12 6 (0.56%) Amazon SQS
13 5 (0.47%) AWS CloudFormation
13 5 (0.47%) Yarn
14 4 (0.38%) Amazon Kinesis
14 4 (0.38%) Amazon S3
14 4 (0.38%) Datadog
14 4 (0.38%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 35 (3.29%) HTTP
2 19 (1.79%) Internet
3 4 (0.38%) TCP/IP
4 3 (0.28%) Firewall
4 3 (0.28%) IMAP
4 3 (0.28%) Intranet
4 3 (0.28%) SMTP
4 3 (0.28%) SNMP
4 3 (0.28%) SSH
4 3 (0.28%) SSL
5 2 (0.19%) Ethernet
5 2 (0.19%) Kerberos
5 2 (0.19%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 93 (8.74%) Relational Database
2 91 (8.55%) MySQL
3 75 (7.05%) NoSQL
4 60 (5.64%) SQL Server
5 44 (4.14%) MongoDB
6 39 (3.67%) RDBMS
7 29 (2.73%) PostgreSQL
8 27 (2.54%) Apache Cassandra
9 19 (1.79%) Redis
10 12 (1.13%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 9 (0.85%) Azure SQL Database
12 8 (0.75%) Cosmos DB
12 8 (0.75%) SQL Server 2014
13 6 (0.56%) Blockchain
13 6 (0.56%) Hadoop
13 6 (0.56%) Hazelcast
13 6 (0.56%) Oracle Database
14 5 (0.47%) Big Data
15 4 (0.38%) InfluxDB
16 3 (0.28%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 308 (28.95%) Git (software)
2 116 (10.90%) webpack
3 108 (10.15%) gulp
4 105 (9.87%) Jenkins
5 87 (8.18%) Jasmine
6 80 (7.52%) Grunt
7 79 (7.42%) JIRA
8 64 (6.02%) Karma Test Runner
9 58 (5.45%) Selenium
10 56 (5.26%) Mocha
11 33 (3.10%) Subversion
12 31 (2.91%) Protractor
13 28 (2.63%) Maven
13 28 (2.63%) Visual Studio
14 25 (2.35%) Gradle
15 23 (2.16%) JUnit
16 22 (2.07%) Babel
17 21 (1.97%) Vagrant
18 20 (1.88%) Hudson
19 19 (1.79%) Cucumber
General
1 153 (14.38%) Finance
2 94 (8.83%) Retail
3 77 (7.24%) Banking
4 30 (2.82%) Marketing
5 23 (2.16%) Games
6 21 (1.97%) Publishing
7 14 (1.32%) Investment Banking
8 12 (1.13%) Advertising
9 10 (0.94%) Front Office
10 9 (0.85%) Legal
11 8 (0.75%) Telecoms
12 5 (0.47%) Electronics
13 4 (0.38%) Law
13 4 (0.38%) Manufacturing
13 4 (0.38%) Multimedia
14 2 (0.19%) Back Office
14 2 (0.19%) Interactive Media
14 2 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
15 1 (0.094%) Dutch Language
15 1 (0.094%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 934 (87.78%) Developer
2 352 (33.08%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 238 (22.37%) React Developer
4 176 (16.54%) JavaScript Developer
5 127 (11.94%) Angular Developer
6 112 (10.53%) Full Stack Developer
7 78 (7.33%) Senior Developer
8 73 (6.86%) Java Developer
9 71 (6.67%) Node.js Developer
10 67 (6.30%) UI Developer
11 57 (5.36%) HTML Developer
12 51 (4.79%) Web Developer
13 43 (4.04%) HTML CSS Developer
14 42 (3.95%) .NET Developer
15 39 (3.67%) Lead Developer
16 33 (3.10%) Designer
17 30 (2.82%) Senior Front-End Developer
18 20 (1.88%) Senior React Developer
19 19 (1.79%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 19 (1.79%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,064 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,023 (96.15%) HTML
3 973 (91.45%) HTML5
4 470 (44.17%) AngularJS
5 431 (40.51%) React
6 387 (36.37%) Node.js
7 310 (29.14%) Sass
8 219 (20.58%) jQuery
9 203 (19.08%) Redux
10 147 (13.82%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 132 (12.41%) REST
12 129 (12.12%) RESTful
13 99 (9.30%) Spring
14 92 (8.65%) Express
15 89 (8.36%) JSON
16 88 (8.27%) LESS
17 83 (7.80%) Web Services
18 82 (7.71%) React Native
19 81 (7.61%) .NET
19 81 (7.61%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 209 (19.64%) User Experience
2 89 (8.36%) Greenfield Project
3 71 (6.67%) Analytical Skills
4 69 (6.48%) Mobile App
5 58 (5.45%) Fintech
6 22 (2.07%) W3C
7 21 (1.97%) Data Structures
8 18 (1.69%) Clustering
8 18 (1.69%) Fat Client
8 18 (1.69%) Thin Client
9 17 (1.60%) Algorithms
10 12 (1.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 11 (1.03%) Self-Motivation
12 10 (0.94%) Video\Live Streaming
13 9 (0.85%) Enterprise Software
14 7 (0.66%) Digital Media
14 7 (0.66%) Robotics
14 7 (0.66%) Tandem
14 7 (0.66%) Video on Demand
15 6 (0.56%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 48 (4.51%) Apple iOS
2 42 (3.95%) Unix
3 40 (3.76%) Linux
4 33 (3.10%) Android
5 17 (1.60%) VMS
5 17 (1.60%) Windows
6 2 (0.19%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 594 (55.83%) Agile Software Development
2 457 (42.95%) Front End Development
3 319 (29.98%) TDD
4 165 (15.51%) OO
5 162 (15.23%) BDD
6 158 (14.85%) Web Development
7 157 (14.76%) Scrum
8 151 (14.19%) Responsive Web Design
9 147 (13.82%) MVC
10 136 (12.78%) DevOps
11 124 (11.65%) Test Automation
12 118 (11.09%) Microservices
13 113 (10.62%) E-Commerce
14 111 (10.43%) Continuous Integration
15 100 (9.40%) Unit Testing
16 76 (7.14%) Open Source
17 75 (7.05%) OOP
18 66 (6.20%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
18 66 (6.20%) Software Engineering
19 60 (5.64%) Web Design
Programming Languages
1 900 (84.59%) JavaScript
2 216 (20.30%) Java
3 203 (19.08%) ES6
4 152 (14.29%) TypeScript
5 78 (7.33%) SQL
6 60 (5.64%) PHP
7 57 (5.36%) C#
8 55 (5.17%) Java 8
8 55 (5.17%) Python
9 29 (2.73%) ES7
10 23 (2.16%) Scala
11 18 (1.69%) Go
12 10 (0.94%) Apple Swift
13 9 (0.85%) Ruby
14 8 (0.75%) C
14 8 (0.75%) Objective-C
14 8 (0.75%) T-SQL
15 6 (0.56%) PHP 5
15 6 (0.56%) PL/SQL
15 6 (0.56%) XPath
Qualifications
1 89 (8.36%) Degree
2 36 (3.38%) Security Cleared
3 25 (2.35%) SC Cleared
4 21 (1.97%) Numerate Degree
5 14 (1.32%) Computer Science Degree
6 8 (0.75%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.19%) Sun Certification
8 1 (0.094%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (3.01%) QA
2 12 (1.13%) WCAG
3 4 (0.38%) SLA
4 3 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.19%) GDPR
System Software
1 88 (8.27%) Docker
2 2 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 1 (0.094%) HDFS
3 1 (0.094%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 36 (3.38%) Kubernetes
2 33 (3.10%) Ansible
3 15 (1.41%) Puppet
4 9 (0.85%) Opscode Chef
4 9 (0.85%) Terraform
5 6 (0.56%) Capistrano
6 5 (0.47%) Grafana
6 5 (0.47%) Graphite
7 4 (0.38%) Consul
7 4 (0.38%) Kibana
7 4 (0.38%) logstash
7 4 (0.38%) ZABBIX
8 2 (0.19%) Docker Swarm
9 1 (0.094%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 66 (6.20%) Oracle
2 56 (5.26%) Adobe
3 54 (5.08%) Microsoft
4 33 (3.10%) Google
5 28 (2.63%) Salesforce.com
6 13 (1.22%) hybris
7 7 (0.66%) Splunk
8 6 (0.56%) Atlassian
8 6 (0.56%) Veracode
9 5 (0.47%) IBM
10 4 (0.38%) Demandware
10 4 (0.38%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
10 4 (0.38%) SaltStack
10 4 (0.38%) ServiceNow
10 4 (0.38%) Sitecore
11 3 (0.28%) DevExpress
12 2 (0.19%) Cadence
12 2 (0.19%) Rackspace
12 2 (0.19%) Red Hat
12 2 (0.19%) Solace