Period
to 21 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 21 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
England > London
6 months to
21 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 108 86 51
Rank change year-on-year -22 -35 +10
Contract jobs citing CSS3 1,148 1,393 1,868
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 2.51% 3.09% 4.19%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.38% 8.34% 12.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 828 1,134 1,465
London median daily rate £475 £463 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £318 £313
90th Percentile £588 £600 £588
England median daily rate £425 £425 £413
% change year-on-year - +3.03% +10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 2 6
London median hourly rate £45.00 £15.25 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +195.08% -64.53% +95.45%
10th Percentile £23.70 £13.98 £31.53
90th Percentile £48.50 £15.93 £48.25
England median hourly rate £42.50 £33.44 £43.00
% change year-on-year +27.09% -22.23% +98.71%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,005 16,711 15,413
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 39.36% 37.09% 34.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,546 12,696 11,541
London median daily rate £525 £500 £455
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +9.89% +1.11%
10th Percentile £375 £350 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +4.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 79 86 69
London median hourly rate £43.50 £30.19 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +44.11% -28.98% +21.43%
10th Percentile £19.93 £18.25 £19.00
90th Percentile £72.12 £49.38 £82.20
England median hourly rate £41.69 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +4.22% +6.67% +1.24%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3 in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in London over the 6 months to 21 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in London over the 6 months to 21 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the London region over the 6 months to 21 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -21 203 £450 - 80
South London +6 70 £425 -5.56% 4
West London -2 59 £438 -2.78% 49
East London -16 11 £425 -17.07% 18
North London -1 6 £403 -8.00% 6
CSS3
England

For the 6 months to 21 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 1,148 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,114 (97.04%) HTML
3 1,046 (91.11%) HTML5
4 1,006 (87.63%) JavaScript
5 629 (54.79%) Agile Software Development
6 519 (45.21%) Front End Development
7 507 (44.16%) AngularJS
8 436 (37.98%) React
9 372 (32.40%) Node.js
10 367 (31.97%) Sass
11 342 (29.79%) TDD
12 322 (28.05%) Git (software)
13 256 (22.30%) User Experience
14 247 (21.52%) jQuery
15 231 (20.12%) Redux
16 204 (17.77%) ES6
17 201 (17.51%) Java
18 184 (16.03%) Scrum
19 172 (14.98%) OO
20 171 (14.90%) Web Development
21 165 (14.37%) MVC
22 163 (14.20%) Finance
23 155 (13.50%) BDD
24 149 (12.98%) Responsive Web Design
25 147 (12.80%) Twitter Bootstrap
26 146 (12.72%) TypeScript
27 136 (11.85%) gulp
28 133 (11.59%) E-Commerce
29 132 (11.50%) Test Automation
30 130 (11.32%) webpack

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (6.10%) CMS
2 41 (3.57%) Confluence
3 40 (3.48%) WordPress
4 20 (1.74%) Tomcat
4 20 (1.74%) WebSphere
5 15 (1.31%) Commerce Server
5 15 (1.31%) Drupal
6 10 (0.87%) Cloud Foundry
6 10 (0.87%) CoreMedia CMS
6 10 (0.87%) Sitecore CMS
7 9 (0.78%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 9 (0.78%) Apache
8 8 (0.70%) IIS
8 8 (0.70%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 8 (0.70%) Umbraco
9 7 (0.61%) SharePoint
10 6 (0.52%) Marvel
11 4 (0.35%) Alfresco
11 4 (0.35%) Apache Spark
11 4 (0.35%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 69 (6.01%) Photoshop
2 14 (1.22%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 10 (0.87%) Adobe Illustrator
3 10 (0.87%) InVision
4 8 (0.70%) Fireworks
5 6 (0.52%) OmniGraffle
6 5 (0.44%) InDesign
7 3 (0.26%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.17%) Microsoft Excel
9 1 (0.087%) GIMP
9 1 (0.087%) Microsoft Office
9 1 (0.087%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.087%) MS Visio
9 1 (0.087%) SketchUp
9 1 (0.087%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 4 (0.35%) Payment Gateway
2 3 (0.26%) Unica
3 2 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
3 2 (0.17%) Magento
4 1 (0.087%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.087%) LatentZero
4 1 (0.087%) Minerva
4 1 (0.087%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.087%) Tesseract
4 1 (0.087%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 83 (7.23%) Amazon AWS
2 75 (6.53%) npm
3 61 (5.31%) Microsoft Azure
4 33 (2.87%) GitHub
5 24 (2.09%) Serverless
6 20 (1.74%) Google Cloud Platform
7 14 (1.22%) Amazon EC2
7 14 (1.22%) AWS Lambda
7 14 (1.22%) SaaS
8 8 (0.70%) Basecamp
9 7 (0.61%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
9 7 (0.61%) BrowserStack
10 6 (0.52%) Amazon SQS
10 6 (0.52%) Heroku
10 6 (0.52%) OpenShift
10 6 (0.52%) PaaS
11 5 (0.44%) NuGet
11 5 (0.44%) Trello
12 4 (0.35%) Amazon S3
13 3 (0.26%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 45 (3.92%) HTTP
2 18 (1.57%) Internet
3 4 (0.35%) Intranet
3 4 (0.35%) SMS
3 4 (0.35%) SSL
4 2 (0.17%) Ethernet
4 2 (0.17%) FTP
4 2 (0.17%) VoIP
5 1 (0.087%) DSL
5 1 (0.087%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 79 (6.88%) MySQL
2 66 (5.75%) NoSQL
3 64 (5.57%) Relational Database
4 55 (4.79%) SQL Server
5 39 (3.40%) MongoDB
6 31 (2.70%) RDBMS
7 24 (2.09%) PostgreSQL
8 21 (1.83%) Apache Cassandra
9 13 (1.13%) Redis
10 12 (1.05%) SQL Server 2012
11 11 (0.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 11 (0.96%) Big Data
12 10 (0.87%) SQL Server 2014
13 8 (0.70%) SQL Server 2008
14 7 (0.61%) Oracle Database
15 6 (0.52%) Blockchain
15 6 (0.52%) Cosmos DB
16 5 (0.44%) Azure SQL Database
17 4 (0.35%) Data Mining
18 3 (0.26%) Jackrabbit
Development Applications
1 322 (28.05%) Git (software)
2 136 (11.85%) gulp
3 130 (11.32%) webpack
4 105 (9.15%) Grunt
4 105 (9.15%) Jasmine
5 80 (6.97%) JIRA
6 79 (6.88%) Karma Test Runner
7 74 (6.45%) Jenkins
8 59 (5.14%) Mocha
9 58 (5.05%) Selenium
10 44 (3.83%) Subversion
11 38 (3.31%) Babel
12 37 (3.22%) Visual Studio
13 32 (2.79%) Protractor
14 31 (2.70%) Maven
15 25 (2.18%) TeamCity
16 22 (1.92%) JUnit
17 20 (1.74%) Gradle
18 19 (1.66%) Sinon.JS
18 19 (1.66%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 163 (14.20%) Finance
2 124 (10.80%) Retail
3 85 (7.40%) Banking
4 36 (3.14%) Marketing
5 21 (1.83%) Games
6 19 (1.66%) Investment Banking
7 17 (1.48%) Advertising
8 15 (1.31%) Legal
9 13 (1.13%) Publishing
10 7 (0.61%) Law
10 7 (0.61%) Telecoms
11 6 (0.52%) Music Industry
12 4 (0.35%) Electronics
12 4 (0.35%) Front Office
12 4 (0.35%) Manufacturing
12 4 (0.35%) Multimedia
13 2 (0.17%) Automotive
13 2 (0.17%) Corporate Banking
13 2 (0.17%) Private Banking
13 2 (0.17%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,015 (88.41%) Developer
2 442 (38.50%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 238 (20.73%) React Developer
4 186 (16.20%) JavaScript Developer
5 138 (12.02%) Angular Developer
6 103 (8.97%) Senior Developer
7 88 (7.67%) Full Stack Developer
8 86 (7.49%) UI Developer
9 71 (6.18%) HTML Developer
10 67 (5.84%) Java Developer
11 65 (5.66%) HTML CSS Developer
12 60 (5.23%) .NET Developer
13 59 (5.14%) Node.js Developer
14 49 (4.27%) Web Developer
15 43 (3.75%) Lead Developer
16 42 (3.66%) Senior Front-End Developer
17 37 (3.22%) C# Developer
18 35 (3.05%) Designer
19 31 (2.70%) C# .NET Developer
20 26 (2.26%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,148 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,114 (97.04%) HTML
3 1,046 (91.11%) HTML5
4 507 (44.16%) AngularJS
5 436 (37.98%) React
6 372 (32.40%) Node.js
7 367 (31.97%) Sass
8 247 (21.52%) jQuery
9 231 (20.12%) Redux
10 147 (12.80%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 126 (10.98%) REST
12 109 (9.49%) RESTful
13 101 (8.80%) LESS
14 100 (8.71%) Angular 2
14 100 (8.71%) JSON
15 95 (8.28%) .NET
16 89 (7.75%) Web Services
17 87 (7.58%) React Native
18 86 (7.49%) Express
18 86 (7.49%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 256 (22.30%) User Experience
2 112 (9.76%) Greenfield Project
3 68 (5.92%) Mobile App
4 51 (4.44%) Fintech
5 41 (3.57%) Analytical Skills
6 35 (3.05%) W3C
7 30 (2.61%) Computer Science
8 20 (1.74%) Data Structures
9 17 (1.48%) Algorithms
10 8 (0.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 8 (0.70%) Tandem
10 8 (0.70%) Video on Demand
10 8 (0.70%) Video\Live Streaming
11 7 (0.61%) Enterprise Software
11 7 (0.61%) iPad
11 7 (0.61%) Linux Command Line
11 7 (0.61%) Robotics
11 7 (0.61%) Self-Motivation
11 7 (0.61%) Social Media
12 6 (0.52%) Minimum Viable Product
Operating Systems
1 52 (4.53%) Apple iOS
2 36 (3.14%) Linux
3 35 (3.05%) Android
3 35 (3.05%) Unix
4 11 (0.96%) VMS
5 8 (0.70%) Windows
6 2 (0.17%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 629 (54.79%) Agile Software Development
2 519 (45.21%) Front End Development
3 342 (29.79%) TDD
4 184 (16.03%) Scrum
5 172 (14.98%) OO
6 171 (14.90%) Web Development
7 165 (14.37%) MVC
8 155 (13.50%) BDD
9 149 (12.98%) Responsive Web Design
10 133 (11.59%) E-Commerce
11 132 (11.50%) Test Automation
12 126 (10.98%) DevOps
13 123 (10.71%) Unit Testing
14 103 (8.97%) Continuous Integration
15 99 (8.62%) Microservices
16 77 (6.71%) Open Source
17 76 (6.62%) OOP
18 70 (6.10%) Software Engineering
19 65 (5.66%) Web Design
20 63 (5.49%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
Programming Languages
1 1,006 (87.63%) JavaScript
2 204 (17.77%) ES6
3 201 (17.51%) Java
4 146 (12.72%) TypeScript
5 102 (8.89%) SQL
6 94 (8.19%) C#
7 63 (5.49%) Python
8 49 (4.27%) PHP
9 38 (3.31%) Java 8
10 29 (2.53%) ES7
11 23 (2.00%) Scala
12 16 (1.39%) Go
12 16 (1.39%) Ruby
13 14 (1.22%) Apple Swift
14 8 (0.70%) Objective-C
14 8 (0.70%) T-SQL
15 7 (0.61%) C
15 7 (0.61%) C++
16 6 (0.52%) Kotlin
16 6 (0.52%) XPath
Qualifications
1 69 (6.01%) Degree
2 60 (5.23%) Security Cleared
3 52 (4.53%) SC Cleared
4 12 (1.05%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (0.70%) BPSS Clearance
6 2 (0.17%) Sun Certification
7 1 (0.087%) DBS Check
7 1 (0.087%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (3.83%) QA
2 9 (0.78%) SLA
2 9 (0.78%) WCAG
3 7 (0.61%) GDPR
4 3 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.17%) PMO
System Software
1 100 (8.71%) Docker
2 1 (0.087%) HDFS
2 1 (0.087%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 30 (2.61%) Kubernetes
2 12 (1.05%) Ansible
3 10 (0.87%) Puppet
4 6 (0.52%) Docker Swarm
4 6 (0.52%) Opscode Chef
5 5 (0.44%) Capistrano
6 2 (0.17%) Mesos
6 2 (0.17%) Terraform
7 1 (0.087%) Grafana
7 1 (0.087%) Graphite
7 1 (0.087%) Hadoop YARN
7 1 (0.087%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
7 1 (0.087%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 73 (6.36%) Adobe
2 52 (4.53%) Oracle
3 44 (3.83%) Microsoft
4 29 (2.53%) Salesforce.com
5 27 (2.35%) Google
6 23 (2.00%) hybris
7 11 (0.96%) Sitecore
8 8 (0.70%) Splunk
9 6 (0.52%) Atlassian
10 5 (0.44%) IBM
10 5 (0.44%) SAP
11 4 (0.35%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
12 3 (0.26%) Apple
12 3 (0.26%) Demandware
13 2 (0.17%) DevExpress
13 2 (0.17%) Red Hat
13 2 (0.17%) Solace
13 2 (0.17%) Veracode
13 2 (0.17%) Zend
14 1 (0.087%) Hotjar