Period
to 15 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 15 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
England > London
6 months to
15 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 100 86 53
Rank change year-on-year -14 -33 +16
Contract jobs citing CSS3 1,238 1,332 1,776
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 2.72% 3.13% 3.91%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.05% 8.57% 11.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 942 1,029 1,426
London median daily rate £475 £458 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.83% +7.65% +8.97%
10th Percentile £319 £313 £313
90th Percentile £600 £588 £575
England median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 5 1
London median hourly rate £45.00 £16.00 £29.55
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +181.25% -45.85% +33.97%
10th Percentile £42.50 £14.65 £25.56
90th Percentile £49.25 £88.50 £33.55
England median hourly rate £43.75 £40.00 £12.50
% change year-on-year +9.38% +220.00% -37.50%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 17,558 15,546 15,039
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 38.58% 36.48% 33.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,354 11,545 11,335
London median daily rate £513 £500 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +8.11% +2.78%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 101 102 57
London median hourly rate £43.50 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.75% - -
10th Percentile £20.37 £19.03 £18.72
90th Percentile £77.50 £52.95 £57.13
England median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £36.50
% change year-on-year +3.83% +9.59% -1.35%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3 in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in London over the 6 months to 15 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the London region over the 6 months to 15 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +21 275 £450 -5.26% 96
South London +13 84 £450 -10.00% 7
West London -2 58 £500 +25.00% 63
East London -17 14 £465 -2.11% 23
North London -2 3 £403 -5.29% 2
CSS3
England

For the 6 months to 15 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 1,238 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,197 (96.69%) HTML
3 1,136 (91.76%) HTML5
4 1,087 (87.80%) JavaScript
5 639 (51.62%) Agile Software Development
6 540 (43.62%) Front End Development
7 525 (42.41%) AngularJS
8 511 (41.28%) React
9 418 (33.76%) Node.js
10 382 (30.86%) TDD
11 375 (30.29%) Sass
12 364 (29.40%) Git (software)
13 273 (22.05%) Redux
14 270 (21.81%) User Experience
15 268 (21.65%) jQuery
16 251 (20.27%) ES6
17 201 (16.24%) Web Development
18 189 (15.27%) MVC
19 188 (15.19%) Scrum
20 185 (14.94%) OO
21 175 (14.14%) BDD
21 175 (14.14%) webpack
22 169 (13.65%) Responsive Web Design
23 167 (13.49%) gulp
24 162 (13.09%) Finance
25 159 (12.84%) Java
25 159 (12.84%) Unit Testing
26 157 (12.68%) Twitter Bootstrap
27 151 (12.20%) LESS
27 151 (12.20%) Greenfield Project

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 63 (5.09%) CMS
2 46 (3.72%) Confluence
3 41 (3.31%) WordPress
4 19 (1.53%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 15 (1.21%) Tomcat
6 12 (0.97%) Apache
7 11 (0.89%) Drupal
8 10 (0.81%) Sitecore CMS
9 9 (0.73%) SharePoint
9 9 (0.73%) Umbraco
9 9 (0.73%) WebSphere
10 8 (0.65%) IIS
11 7 (0.57%) Commerce Server
12 6 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
13 5 (0.40%) Marvel
14 4 (0.32%) Apache Spark
14 4 (0.32%) CoreMedia CMS
14 4 (0.32%) Liferay
14 4 (0.32%) nginx
15 3 (0.24%) Alfresco
Applications
1 65 (5.25%) Photoshop
2 23 (1.86%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 14 (1.13%) OmniGraffle
4 13 (1.05%) InVision
5 9 (0.73%) Adobe Illustrator
5 9 (0.73%) Microsoft Office
6 7 (0.57%) Fireworks
7 6 (0.48%) Microsoft Excel
7 6 (0.48%) Microsoft Project
7 6 (0.48%) MS Visio
8 5 (0.40%) InDesign
9 1 (0.081%) Adobe After Effects
9 1 (0.081%) Adobe Premiere
9 1 (0.081%) Lectora
9 1 (0.081%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 1 (0.081%) SketchUp
9 1 (0.081%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 9 (0.73%) Payment Gateway
2 5 (0.40%) Magento
3 3 (0.24%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 2 (0.16%) Adobe Campaign
4 2 (0.16%) Unica
5 1 (0.081%) LatentZero
5 1 (0.081%) Minerva
5 1 (0.081%) R3 Corda
5 1 (0.081%) SDL Web 8
5 1 (0.081%) Tesseract
5 1 (0.081%) thinkFolio
5 1 (0.081%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 120 (9.69%) Amazon AWS
2 92 (7.43%) npm
3 66 (5.33%) Microsoft Azure
4 26 (2.10%) GitHub
5 23 (1.86%) SaaS
6 17 (1.37%) Serverless
7 16 (1.29%) Amazon EC2
8 14 (1.13%) Google Cloud Platform
9 10 (0.81%) AWS Lambda
9 10 (0.81%) BrowserStack
10 8 (0.65%) Amazon S3
11 7 (0.57%) Basecamp
11 7 (0.57%) Google Analytics
11 7 (0.57%) IaaS
11 7 (0.57%) Route 53
12 6 (0.48%) Heroku
12 6 (0.48%) OpenShift
13 5 (0.40%) AWS CloudFormation
14 4 (0.32%) NuGet
14 4 (0.32%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 42 (3.39%) HTTP
2 19 (1.53%) Internet
3 7 (0.57%) SMS
4 5 (0.40%) Wi-Fi
5 3 (0.24%) DSL
6 2 (0.16%) FTP
6 2 (0.16%) Intranet
7 1 (0.081%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.081%) Reverse Proxy
7 1 (0.081%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 83 (6.70%) MySQL
2 60 (4.85%) SQL Server
3 48 (3.88%) NoSQL
4 44 (3.55%) Relational Database
5 32 (2.58%) MongoDB
6 16 (1.29%) PostgreSQL
7 15 (1.21%) Apache Cassandra
7 15 (1.21%) RDBMS
8 13 (1.05%) SQL Server 2012
8 13 (1.05%) SQL Server 2014
9 12 (0.97%) Big Data
10 10 (0.81%) Blockchain
11 9 (0.73%) Redis
11 9 (0.73%) SQL Server 2008
12 4 (0.32%) Data Mining
13 3 (0.24%) Azure SQL Database
13 3 (0.24%) CouchDB
13 3 (0.24%) Data Warehouse
13 3 (0.24%) Jackrabbit
13 3 (0.24%) SAP HANA
Development Applications
1 364 (29.40%) Git (software)
2 175 (14.14%) webpack
3 167 (13.49%) gulp
4 113 (9.13%) Grunt
5 110 (8.89%) Jasmine
6 86 (6.95%) Jenkins
7 85 (6.87%) Selenium
8 77 (6.22%) JIRA
9 72 (5.82%) Karma Test Runner
10 62 (5.01%) Mocha
11 56 (4.52%) Subversion
12 48 (3.88%) Visual Studio
13 42 (3.39%) Babel
14 36 (2.91%) Protractor
15 33 (2.67%) Maven
16 30 (2.42%) Cucumber
17 22 (1.78%) Axure RP
17 22 (1.78%) TeamCity
18 21 (1.70%) Visual Studio Team System
19 20 (1.62%) git-flow
General
1 162 (13.09%) Finance
2 116 (9.37%) Retail
3 89 (7.19%) Banking
4 35 (2.83%) Marketing
5 26 (2.10%) Investment Banking
6 19 (1.53%) Games
7 17 (1.37%) Publishing
8 12 (0.97%) Advertising
9 10 (0.81%) Legal
10 9 (0.73%) Law
11 7 (0.57%) Telecoms
12 6 (0.48%) Music Industry
13 4 (0.32%) Back Office
13 4 (0.32%) Front Office
14 3 (0.24%) Multimedia
14 3 (0.24%) Retail Banking
15 2 (0.16%) Automotive
15 2 (0.16%) Corporate Banking
15 2 (0.16%) Interactive Media
15 2 (0.16%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 1,082 (87.40%) Developer
2 466 (37.64%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 258 (20.84%) React Developer
4 229 (18.50%) JavaScript Developer
5 172 (13.89%) Angular Developer
6 118 (9.53%) UI Developer
7 110 (8.89%) Senior Developer
8 103 (8.32%) HTML Developer
9 101 (8.16%) Full Stack Developer
10 91 (7.35%) HTML CSS Developer
11 68 (5.49%) Node.js Developer
12 64 (5.17%) Web Developer
13 62 (5.01%) .NET Developer
14 49 (3.96%) Java Developer
15 44 (3.55%) Senior Front-End Developer
16 40 (3.23%) C# Developer
17 37 (2.99%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 34 (2.75%) Designer
19 33 (2.67%) Lead Developer
20 32 (2.58%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,238 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,197 (96.69%) HTML
3 1,136 (91.76%) HTML5
4 525 (42.41%) AngularJS
5 511 (41.28%) React
6 418 (33.76%) Node.js
7 375 (30.29%) Sass
8 273 (22.05%) Redux
9 268 (21.65%) jQuery
10 157 (12.68%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 151 (12.20%) LESS
12 138 (11.15%) REST
13 131 (10.58%) JSON
14 122 (9.85%) RESTful
15 109 (8.80%) Angular 2
16 101 (8.16%) Web Services
17 97 (7.84%) .NET
18 89 (7.19%) Express
19 78 (6.30%) Ajax
19 78 (6.30%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 270 (21.81%) User Experience
2 151 (12.20%) Greenfield Project
3 71 (5.74%) Mobile App
4 51 (4.12%) Fintech
5 35 (2.83%) W3C
6 25 (2.02%) Analytical Skills
7 22 (1.78%) Computer Science
8 20 (1.62%) Data Structures
9 10 (0.81%) Algorithms
9 10 (0.81%) Linux Command Line
9 10 (0.81%) Virtual Team
10 7 (0.57%) Video on Demand
10 7 (0.57%) Video\Live Streaming
11 6 (0.48%) Enterprise Software
11 6 (0.48%) iPhone
11 6 (0.48%) Marketing Technology
11 6 (0.48%) Self-Motivation
11 6 (0.48%) Smartphone
11 6 (0.48%) Social Media
12 5 (0.40%) Mobile Banking
Operating Systems
1 57 (4.60%) Apple iOS
2 53 (4.28%) Linux
3 46 (3.72%) Android
4 20 (1.62%) Unix
5 5 (0.40%) Windows
6 3 (0.24%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 639 (51.62%) Agile Software Development
2 540 (43.62%) Front End Development
3 382 (30.86%) TDD
4 201 (16.24%) Web Development
5 189 (15.27%) MVC
6 188 (15.19%) Scrum
7 185 (14.94%) OO
8 175 (14.14%) BDD
9 169 (13.65%) Responsive Web Design
10 159 (12.84%) Unit Testing
11 144 (11.63%) E-Commerce
12 137 (11.07%) DevOps
13 121 (9.77%) Test Automation
14 117 (9.45%) Continuous Integration
15 105 (8.48%) Microservices
16 90 (7.27%) Open Source
17 77 (6.22%) Wireframes
18 71 (5.74%) OOP
19 61 (4.93%) Web Design
20 59 (4.77%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 1,087 (87.80%) JavaScript
2 251 (20.27%) ES6
3 159 (12.84%) Java
4 139 (11.23%) TypeScript
5 105 (8.48%) SQL
6 100 (8.08%) C#
7 50 (4.04%) PHP
8 45 (3.63%) ES7
8 45 (3.63%) Python
9 34 (2.75%) Scala
10 25 (2.02%) Java 8
10 25 (2.02%) Ruby
11 20 (1.62%) Go
12 12 (0.97%) T-SQL
13 7 (0.57%) Apple Swift
14 6 (0.48%) C++
14 6 (0.48%) Groovy
14 6 (0.48%) XPath
15 5 (0.40%) Kotlin
16 4 (0.32%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 53 (4.28%) Security Cleared
2 49 (3.96%) Degree
3 45 (3.63%) SC Cleared
4 6 (0.48%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (0.24%) BPSS Clearance
6 2 (0.16%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.081%) DBS Check
7 1 (0.081%) MCSD
7 1 (0.081%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.081%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (4.04%) QA
2 12 (0.97%) WCAG
3 9 (0.73%) SLA
4 7 (0.57%) GDPR
5 5 (0.40%) GCP
6 2 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.16%) PMO
7 1 (0.081%) Section 508
System Software
1 113 (9.13%) Docker
2 1 (0.081%) Firmware
2 1 (0.081%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 34 (2.75%) Kubernetes
2 22 (1.78%) Puppet
3 11 (0.89%) Ansible
4 8 (0.65%) Terraform
5 7 (0.57%) Opscode Chef
6 6 (0.48%) Docker Swarm
7 4 (0.32%) Capistrano
8 2 (0.16%) Mesos
8 2 (0.16%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
9 1 (0.081%) Grafana
9 1 (0.081%) Graphite
9 1 (0.081%) Hadoop YARN
9 1 (0.081%) Kibana
9 1 (0.081%) Nagios
9 1 (0.081%) Rancher
9 1 (0.081%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 90 (7.27%) Adobe
2 48 (3.88%) Microsoft
3 39 (3.15%) Salesforce.com
4 24 (1.94%) Oracle
5 23 (1.86%) Google
6 13 (1.05%) SAP
7 12 (0.97%) Sitecore
8 11 (0.89%) Capita
9 10 (0.81%) hybris
10 7 (0.57%) Atlassian
11 4 (0.32%) IBM
11 4 (0.32%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
12 3 (0.24%) Apple
12 3 (0.24%) Zend
13 2 (0.16%) ATG
13 2 (0.16%) MuleSoft
13 2 (0.16%) Perforce
13 2 (0.16%) Rackspace
13 2 (0.16%) ServiceNow
13 2 (0.16%) Splunk