Period
to 17 December 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 17 December 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
England > London
6 months to
17 Dec 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 91 56 59
Rank change year-on-year -35 +3 +3
Contract jobs citing CSS3 1326 1707 1660
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 2.81% 3.87% 3.60%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.64% 11.18% 11.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 1105 1312 1357
London median daily rate £463 £425 £405
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +4.94% +3.85%
10th Percentile £319 £318 £275
90th Percentile £613 £600 £550
England median daily rate £425 £425 £375
% change year-on-year - +13.33% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 7 14
London median hourly rate - £46.00 £22.12
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +108.00% -49.45%
England median hourly rate £37.97 £46.00 £22.06
% change year-on-year -17.46% +108.55% -19.79%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 17365 15273 14949
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.77% 34.60% 32.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 13314 11397 11163
London median daily rate £500 £471 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.27% +4.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £350 £321 £310
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
England median daily rate £475 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +11.76% +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 99 73 92
London median hourly rate £29.00 £42.25 £37.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -31.36% +11.92% +7.86%
10th Percentile £19.00 £19.23 £14.25
90th Percentile £47.83 £57.38 £54.75
England median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3 in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in London over the 6 months to 17 December 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the London region over the 6 months to 17 December 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -45 232 £450 - 48
West London +8 91 £450 +12.50% 19
South London -28 33 £390 -8.24% 4
East London -12 7 £550 +29.41% 4
North London -16 4 £438 +20.69% 4
CSS3
England

For the 6 months to 17 December 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 1326 (100.00%) CSS
2 1275 (96.15%) HTML
3 1234 (93.06%) HTML5
4 1151 (86.80%) JavaScript
5 642 (48.42%) Agile Software Development
6 564 (42.53%) AngularJS
7 519 (39.14%) Front End Development
8 488 (36.80%) React
9 446 (33.63%) Node.js
10 445 (33.56%) TDD
11 404 (30.47%) Git (software)
12 351 (26.47%) jQuery
13 330 (24.89%) Sass
14 255 (19.23%) OO
15 253 (19.08%) User Experience
16 248 (18.70%) BDD
17 247 (18.63%) ES6
18 232 (17.50%) Java
19 218 (16.44%) Finance
19 218 (16.44%) Redux
20 217 (16.37%) Twitter Bootstrap
21 212 (15.99%) RESTful
22 206 (15.54%) Web Services
23 188 (14.18%) MVC
24 182 (13.73%) Scrum
25 172 (12.97%) REST
26 169 (12.75%) Responsive Web Design
27 165 (12.44%) Web Development
28 154 (11.61%) Continuous Integration
29 149 (11.24%) LESS

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 62 (4.68%) CMS
2 49 (3.70%) Confluence
3 34 (2.56%) Drupal
4 33 (2.49%) WordPress
5 29 (2.19%) Apache
6 24 (1.81%) JBoss
7 23 (1.73%) Elasticsearch
8 19 (1.43%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 19 (1.43%) nginx
9 18 (1.36%) Apache Solr
10 13 (0.98%) Tomcat
10 13 (0.98%) WebSphere
11 12 (0.90%) SharePoint
12 10 (0.75%) uWSGI
13 8 (0.60%) EPiServer
14 6 (0.45%) IIS
15 5 (0.38%) Apache Spark
15 5 (0.38%) Mule
15 5 (0.38%) Sitecore CMS
15 5 (0.38%) Umbraco
Applications
1 73 (5.51%) Photoshop
2 22 (1.66%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 20 (1.51%) Adobe Illustrator
4 16 (1.21%) InVision
5 13 (0.98%) OmniGraffle
6 9 (0.68%) MS Visio
7 8 (0.60%) Microsoft Office
8 6 (0.45%) GIMP
9 5 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
9 5 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 4 (0.30%) UXPin
11 1 (0.075%) Fireworks
11 1 (0.075%) InDesign
11 1 (0.075%) InfoPath
11 1 (0.075%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 11 (0.83%) Magento
2 4 (0.30%) Oracle BPM
3 3 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
4 2 (0.15%) Shopify
4 2 (0.15%) Unica
5 1 (0.075%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.075%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.075%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.075%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 84 (6.33%) Amazon AWS
2 77 (5.81%) npm
3 42 (3.17%) Microsoft Azure
4 36 (2.71%) GitHub
5 30 (2.26%) Serverless
6 24 (1.81%) SaaS
7 14 (1.06%) Trello
8 12 (0.90%) Google Analytics
9 8 (0.60%) Amazon EC2
9 8 (0.60%) Amazon S3
9 8 (0.60%) PaaS
10 7 (0.53%) Cloud Computing
10 7 (0.53%) Office 365
10 7 (0.53%) OpenShift
11 6 (0.45%) Google Cloud Platform
12 5 (0.38%) Google Tag Manager
13 4 (0.30%) Adobe Creative Cloud
13 4 (0.30%) AWS Lambda
13 4 (0.30%) IaaS
14 3 (0.23%) CloudBees
Communications & Networking
1 24 (1.81%) Internet
2 10 (0.75%) SMS
3 9 (0.68%) Intranet
4 7 (0.53%) HTTP
5 4 (0.30%) Skype
6 3 (0.23%) ATM
7 2 (0.15%) Ethernet
7 2 (0.15%) NFC
7 2 (0.15%) SSH
7 2 (0.15%) TCP/IP
7 2 (0.15%) Unified Communications
7 2 (0.15%) VPLS
8 1 (0.075%) DNS
8 1 (0.075%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.075%) Kerberos
8 1 (0.075%) Network Security
8 1 (0.075%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 83 (6.26%) MySQL
2 60 (4.52%) MongoDB
3 56 (4.22%) SQL Server
4 38 (2.87%) PostgreSQL
5 36 (2.71%) NoSQL
6 31 (2.34%) Big Data
7 23 (1.73%) Relational Database
8 21 (1.58%) Hadoop
9 17 (1.28%) Redis
10 13 (0.98%) HBase
11 10 (0.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 9 (0.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 7 (0.53%) SQL Server 2014
14 6 (0.45%) Azure SQL Database
14 6 (0.45%) RDBMS
15 5 (0.38%) Aerospike
15 5 (0.38%) Qlik Sense
15 5 (0.38%) QlikView
16 4 (0.30%) Apache Cassandra
16 4 (0.30%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 404 (30.47%) Git (software)
2 145 (10.94%) Jenkins
3 136 (10.26%) gulp
4 128 (9.65%) Jasmine
5 124 (9.35%) webpack
6 120 (9.05%) Grunt
7 107 (8.07%) JIRA
8 70 (5.28%) Selenium
9 68 (5.13%) Mocha
10 66 (4.98%) Cucumber
11 65 (4.90%) Karma Test Runner
12 63 (4.75%) Subversion
13 48 (3.62%) Babel
13 48 (3.62%) Maven
14 32 (2.41%) Bitbucket
14 32 (2.41%) JUnit
15 27 (2.04%) Mockito
15 27 (2.04%) TeamCity
16 26 (1.96%) Axure RP
17 21 (1.58%) Sinon.JS
General
1 218 (16.44%) Finance
2 100 (7.54%) Banking
3 82 (6.18%) Marketing
4 49 (3.70%) Telecoms
5 40 (3.02%) Retail
6 32 (2.41%) Games
7 24 (1.81%) Publishing
8 15 (1.13%) Advertising
8 15 (1.13%) Retail Banking
9 14 (1.06%) Investment Banking
10 10 (0.75%) Front Office
11 9 (0.68%) Financial Institution
12 7 (0.53%) Law
12 7 (0.53%) Manufacturing
13 6 (0.45%) Automotive
13 6 (0.45%) Electronics
13 6 (0.45%) Multimedia
14 5 (0.38%) Back Office
15 4 (0.30%) International Banking
15 4 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1147 (86.50%) Developer
2 442 (33.33%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 307 (23.15%) JavaScript Developer
4 164 (12.37%) Angular Developer
5 149 (11.24%) Senior Developer
6 124 (9.35%) HTML Developer
7 118 (8.90%) UI Developer
8 104 (7.84%) Full Stack Developer
9 101 (7.62%) Java Developer
10 91 (6.86%) HTML CSS Developer
11 87 (6.56%) Node.js Developer
12 51 (3.85%) .NET Developer
13 50 (3.77%) Designer
13 50 (3.77%) Senior Front-End Developer
14 40 (3.02%) Senior JavaScript Developer
15 37 (2.79%) PHP Developer
16 35 (2.64%) Agile Developer
17 34 (2.56%) Web Developer
18 33 (2.49%) UX Designer
19 27 (2.04%) Drupal Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1326 (100.00%) CSS
2 1275 (96.15%) HTML
3 1234 (93.06%) HTML5
4 564 (42.53%) AngularJS
5 488 (36.80%) React
6 446 (33.63%) Node.js
7 351 (26.47%) jQuery
8 330 (24.89%) Sass
9 218 (16.44%) Redux
10 217 (16.37%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 212 (15.99%) RESTful
12 206 (15.54%) Web Services
13 172 (12.97%) REST
14 149 (11.24%) LESS
15 141 (10.63%) JSON
16 124 (9.35%) .NET
17 106 (7.99%) Angular 2
18 100 (7.54%) Spring
19 92 (6.94%) Ajax
20 78 (5.88%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 253 (19.08%) User Experience
2 116 (8.75%) Greenfield Project
3 67 (5.05%) Mobile App
4 51 (3.85%) Fintech
5 47 (3.54%) Analytical Skills
6 28 (2.11%) W3C
7 25 (1.89%) Computer Science
8 21 (1.58%) Video\Live Streaming
8 21 (1.58%) Virtual Team
9 17 (1.28%) Social Media
9 17 (1.28%) Video on Demand
10 15 (1.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 13 (0.98%) Data Structures
12 11 (0.83%) Client/Server
13 10 (0.75%) Derivative
13 10 (0.75%) e-Learning
13 10 (0.75%) STB
14 9 (0.68%) Linux Command Line
15 8 (0.60%) Animation
16 7 (0.53%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 89 (6.71%) Linux
2 40 (3.02%) Apple iOS
3 31 (2.34%) Android
4 24 (1.81%) Unix
5 15 (1.13%) Windows
6 6 (0.45%) Windows Server
7 4 (0.30%) Mac OS X
8 3 (0.23%) Mac OS
8 3 (0.23%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.15%) VMS
10 1 (0.075%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.075%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 642 (48.42%) Agile Software Development
2 519 (39.14%) Front End Development
3 445 (33.56%) TDD
4 255 (19.23%) OO
5 248 (18.70%) BDD
6 188 (14.18%) MVC
7 182 (13.73%) Scrum
8 169 (12.75%) Responsive Web Design
9 165 (12.44%) Web Development
10 154 (11.61%) Continuous Integration
11 117 (8.82%) E-Commerce
12 116 (8.75%) Test Automation
13 86 (6.49%) DevOps
14 84 (6.33%) Unit Testing
15 82 (6.18%) Continuous Delivery
16 81 (6.11%) Pair Programming
17 80 (6.03%) High Availability
18 77 (5.81%) Microservices
19 76 (5.73%) OOP
19 76 (5.73%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 1151 (86.80%) JavaScript
2 247 (18.63%) ES6
3 232 (17.50%) Java
4 101 (7.62%) C#
5 96 (7.24%) PHP
6 92 (6.94%) SQL
7 85 (6.41%) TypeScript
8 65 (4.90%) Python
9 60 (4.52%) Scala
10 34 (2.56%) Ruby
11 27 (2.04%) ECMAScript
12 22 (1.66%) Groovy
13 18 (1.36%) T-SQL
14 14 (1.06%) Apple Swift
15 12 (0.90%) Objective-C
16 10 (0.75%) Clojure
16 10 (0.75%) PL/SQL
17 9 (0.68%) C++
17 9 (0.68%) Shell Script
18 8 (0.60%) C
Qualifications
1 46 (3.47%) Degree
2 36 (2.71%) Security Cleared
3 27 (2.04%) SC Cleared
4 3 (0.23%) BPSS Clearance
5 2 (0.15%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (0.15%) Master's Degree
6 1 (0.075%) CISA
6 1 (0.075%) CISM
6 1 (0.075%) CISSP
6 1 (0.075%) DBS Check
6 1 (0.075%) ISEB
6 1 (0.075%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (2.04%) QA
2 20 (1.51%) WCAG
3 3 (0.23%) WAI
4 1 (0.075%) FedRAMP
4 1 (0.075%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 122 (9.20%) Docker
2 2 (0.15%) Active Directory
2 2 (0.15%) HDFS
2 2 (0.15%) Varnish
3 1 (0.075%) Apache Flume
3 1 (0.075%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 1 (0.075%) VirtualBox
3 1 (0.075%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 27 (2.04%) Kubernetes
2 23 (1.73%) Puppet
3 13 (0.98%) Ansible
4 10 (0.75%) Terraform
5 5 (0.38%) Kibana
5 5 (0.38%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.075%) logstash
6 1 (0.075%) Nagios
6 1 (0.075%) Salt
6 1 (0.075%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
6 1 (0.075%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 67 (5.05%) Adobe
2 38 (2.87%) Microsoft
3 37 (2.79%) Oracle
4 33 (2.49%) Google
5 12 (0.90%) Atlassian
5 12 (0.90%) Zend
6 11 (0.83%) IBM
7 10 (0.75%) Salesforce.com
8 9 (0.68%) Cisco
9 8 (0.60%) SAP
9 8 (0.60%) Splunk
9 8 (0.60%) VMware
10 7 (0.53%) ATG
10 7 (0.53%) Demandware
10 7 (0.53%) MuleSoft
10 7 (0.53%) Solace
11 6 (0.45%) Apple
11 6 (0.45%) Capita
11 6 (0.45%) hybris
11 6 (0.45%) Sitecore