Period
to 17 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 17 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
England > London
6 months to
17 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 82 50 59
Rank change year-on-year -32 +9 +8
Contract jobs citing CSS3 1378 1875 1583
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 3.06% 4.19% 3.40%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 8.32% 12.28% 10.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 1118 1480 1239
London median daily rate £461 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.53% +6.25% +1.59%
10th Percentile £314 £313 £275
90th Percentile £600 £588 £550
England median daily rate £425 £413 £375
% change year-on-year +3.03% +10.00% +1.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 6 14
London median hourly rate £15.25 £43.00 £21.82
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -64.53% +97.07% -41.81%
10th Percentile £13.98 £31.53 £19.46
90th Percentile £15.93 £48.25 £24.23
England median hourly rate £33.44 £43.00 £21.64
% change year-on-year -22.23% +98.71% -21.31%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 16560 15272 14833
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.82% 34.10% 31.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 12563 11474 10980
London median daily rate £500 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £350 £313 £306
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
England median daily rate £450 £425 £405
% change year-on-year +5.88% +4.94% +1.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 89 67 98
London median hourly rate £30.75 £42.50 £35.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -27.65% +18.88% +2.14%
10th Percentile £18.40 £19.00 £13.50
90th Percentile £50.00 £83.65 £54.38
England median hourly rate £40.00 £37.25 £37.45
% change year-on-year +7.38% -0.53% +10.15%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3 in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in London over the 6 months to 17 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the London region over the 6 months to 17 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -41 224 £450 +5.26% 61
West London -3 52 £450 +12.50% 29
South London -8 37 £450 +5.88% 9
East London -14 10 £513 +20.59% 8
North London -12 5 £450 +24.14% 4
CSS3
England

For the 6 months to 17 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 1378 (100.00%) CSS
2 1318 (95.65%) HTML
3 1265 (91.80%) HTML5
4 1217 (88.32%) JavaScript
5 640 (46.44%) Agile Software Development
6 612 (44.41%) AngularJS
7 545 (39.55%) Front End Development
8 525 (38.10%) React
9 492 (35.70%) Node.js
10 462 (33.53%) TDD
11 416 (30.19%) Git (software)
12 374 (27.14%) Sass
13 371 (26.92%) jQuery
14 303 (21.99%) OO
15 285 (20.68%) User Experience
16 273 (19.81%) ES6
17 253 (18.36%) Java
18 239 (17.34%) Finance
19 234 (16.98%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 220 (15.97%) Scrum
21 219 (15.89%) BDD
22 211 (15.31%) Redux
23 208 (15.09%) Responsive Web Design
24 204 (14.80%) MVC
25 197 (14.30%) REST
26 194 (14.08%) LESS
27 187 (13.57%) gulp
27 187 (13.57%) Web Development
28 182 (13.21%) Web Services
29 180 (13.06%) RESTful

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 65 (4.72%) Confluence
2 64 (4.64%) CMS
3 35 (2.54%) Drupal
3 35 (2.54%) WordPress
4 33 (2.39%) JBoss
5 31 (2.25%) Elasticsearch
6 26 (1.89%) Apache
7 24 (1.74%) nginx
8 22 (1.60%) Tomcat
8 22 (1.60%) WebSphere
9 18 (1.31%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 16 (1.16%) SharePoint
11 15 (1.09%) Apache Solr
11 15 (1.09%) EPiServer
12 10 (0.73%) IIS
13 9 (0.65%) uWSGI
14 8 (0.58%) Sitecore CMS
15 6 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
15 6 (0.44%) Mule
16 5 (0.36%) WebLogic
Applications
1 80 (5.81%) Photoshop
2 25 (1.81%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 20 (1.45%) Adobe Illustrator
4 17 (1.23%) OmniGraffle
5 11 (0.80%) MS Visio
6 10 (0.73%) Microsoft Office
7 7 (0.51%) GIMP
8 5 (0.36%) InVision
9 4 (0.29%) Microsoft Excel
10 3 (0.22%) UXPin
11 2 (0.15%) InDesign
11 2 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 1 (0.073%) InfoPath
12 1 (0.073%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 17 (1.23%) Magento
2 4 (0.29%) Eloqua
2 4 (0.29%) Oracle BPM
3 3 (0.22%) SDL Web 8
4 2 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
4 2 (0.15%) Unica
5 1 (0.073%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.073%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.073%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.073%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 96 (6.97%) Amazon AWS
2 93 (6.75%) npm
3 46 (3.34%) GitHub
3 46 (3.34%) Microsoft Azure
4 23 (1.67%) Serverless
5 20 (1.45%) SaaS
6 19 (1.38%) Cloud Computing
7 13 (0.94%) Trello
8 11 (0.80%) Google Analytics
8 11 (0.80%) Yarn
9 8 (0.58%) Amazon S3
10 7 (0.51%) Adobe Creative Cloud
10 7 (0.51%) Office 365
11 6 (0.44%) Amazon EC2
11 6 (0.44%) Google Cloud Platform
12 5 (0.36%) Bluemix
12 5 (0.36%) IBM Cloud
13 4 (0.29%) CloudBees
13 4 (0.29%) IaaS
13 4 (0.29%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 31 (2.25%) Internet
2 19 (1.38%) HTTP
3 10 (0.73%) SMS
4 6 (0.44%) Intranet
5 4 (0.29%) DNS
6 3 (0.22%) ATM
6 3 (0.22%) Network Security
6 3 (0.22%) TCP/IP
7 2 (0.15%) Ethernet
7 2 (0.15%) NFC
7 2 (0.15%) SSH
7 2 (0.15%) SSL
7 2 (0.15%) Unified Communications
7 2 (0.15%) VPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 75 (5.44%) MySQL
2 64 (4.64%) MongoDB
3 54 (3.92%) NoSQL
4 51 (3.70%) SQL Server
5 38 (2.76%) PostgreSQL
6 35 (2.54%) Big Data
7 25 (1.81%) Hadoop
8 23 (1.67%) Relational Database
9 19 (1.38%) HBase
10 11 (0.80%) RDBMS
11 9 (0.65%) Redis
11 9 (0.65%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 7 (0.51%) MS Access
13 5 (0.36%) Aerospike
13 5 (0.36%) Couchbase
13 5 (0.36%) Qlik Sense
13 5 (0.36%) QlikView
14 4 (0.29%) Blockchain
14 4 (0.29%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 3 (0.22%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 416 (30.19%) Git (software)
2 187 (13.57%) gulp
3 172 (12.48%) Jasmine
4 167 (12.12%) Grunt
5 129 (9.36%) JIRA
6 126 (9.14%) Jenkins
7 116 (8.42%) webpack
8 87 (6.31%) Karma Test Runner
9 84 (6.10%) Mocha
10 82 (5.95%) Subversion
11 71 (5.15%) Selenium
12 65 (4.72%) Cucumber
13 46 (3.34%) Maven
14 42 (3.05%) Babel
15 38 (2.76%) Bower
16 37 (2.69%) Bitbucket
16 37 (2.69%) TeamCity
17 30 (2.18%) Axure RP
18 27 (1.96%) JUnit
19 26 (1.89%) Mockito
General
1 239 (17.34%) Finance
2 110 (7.98%) Banking
3 96 (6.97%) Marketing
4 57 (4.14%) Retail
5 36 (2.61%) Games
6 33 (2.39%) Investment Banking
7 31 (2.25%) Telecoms
8 24 (1.74%) Publishing
9 21 (1.52%) Front Office
10 19 (1.38%) Advertising
11 9 (0.65%) Retail Banking
12 8 (0.58%) Automotive
13 7 (0.51%) Electronics
13 7 (0.51%) Financial Institution
13 7 (0.51%) Manufacturing
14 6 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
15 5 (0.36%) Legal
16 4 (0.29%) Interactive Media
16 4 (0.29%) Law
17 3 (0.22%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 1188 (86.21%) Developer
2 452 (32.80%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 323 (23.44%) JavaScript Developer
4 177 (12.84%) Angular Developer
5 140 (10.16%) Senior Developer
6 136 (9.87%) UI Developer
7 131 (9.51%) HTML Developer
8 107 (7.76%) Java Developer
9 101 (7.33%) Full Stack Developer
10 98 (7.11%) Node.js Developer
11 88 (6.39%) HTML CSS Developer
12 60 (4.35%) Designer
13 45 (3.27%) Senior Front-End Developer
14 37 (2.69%) UX Designer
15 32 (2.32%) Senior Java Developer
16 31 (2.25%) UX Developer
17 30 (2.18%) .NET Developer
17 30 (2.18%) Senior JavaScript Developer
17 30 (2.18%) Web Developer
18 28 (2.03%) Drupal Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1378 (100.00%) CSS
2 1318 (95.65%) HTML
3 1265 (91.80%) HTML5
4 612 (44.41%) AngularJS
5 525 (38.10%) React
6 492 (35.70%) Node.js
7 374 (27.14%) Sass
8 371 (26.92%) jQuery
9 234 (16.98%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 211 (15.31%) Redux
11 197 (14.30%) REST
12 194 (14.08%) LESS
13 182 (13.21%) Web Services
14 180 (13.06%) RESTful
15 155 (11.25%) JSON
16 129 (9.36%) .NET
17 116 (8.42%) Ajax
17 116 (8.42%) Angular 2
18 100 (7.26%) Spring
19 87 (6.31%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 285 (20.68%) User Experience
2 112 (8.13%) Greenfield Project
3 71 (5.15%) Mobile App
4 65 (4.72%) Analytical Skills
5 55 (3.99%) Fintech
6 30 (2.18%) W3C
7 26 (1.89%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 25 (1.81%) Computer Science
9 15 (1.09%) Equities
10 14 (1.02%) Video on Demand
11 13 (0.94%) Fixed Income
12 12 (0.87%) Derivative
12 12 (0.87%) Digital Media
12 12 (0.87%) Social Media
12 12 (0.87%) Virtual Team
13 11 (0.80%) Client/Server
14 10 (0.73%) Data Structures
15 9 (0.65%) STB
16 8 (0.58%) Management Information System
16 8 (0.58%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 83 (6.02%) Linux
2 43 (3.12%) Apple iOS
3 33 (2.39%) Android
4 28 (2.03%) Unix
5 12 (0.87%) Windows
6 6 (0.44%) Mac OS X
7 4 (0.29%) Mac OS
7 4 (0.29%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 640 (46.44%) Agile Software Development
2 545 (39.55%) Front End Development
3 462 (33.53%) TDD
4 303 (21.99%) OO
5 220 (15.97%) Scrum
6 219 (15.89%) BDD
7 208 (15.09%) Responsive Web Design
8 204 (14.80%) MVC
9 187 (13.57%) Web Development
10 126 (9.14%) Continuous Integration
11 125 (9.07%) E-Commerce
12 124 (9.00%) Test Automation
13 89 (6.46%) OOP
14 87 (6.31%) DevOps
15 78 (5.66%) Unit Testing
16 76 (5.52%) Microservices
17 67 (4.86%) Continuous Improvement
17 67 (4.86%) Wireframes
18 64 (4.64%) Open Source
19 63 (4.57%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 1217 (88.32%) JavaScript
2 273 (19.81%) ES6
3 253 (18.36%) Java
4 95 (6.89%) C#
5 88 (6.39%) TypeScript
6 80 (5.81%) PHP
7 78 (5.66%) Python
8 74 (5.37%) SQL
9 52 (3.77%) Scala
10 44 (3.19%) Ruby
11 32 (2.32%) ECMAScript
12 24 (1.74%) Groovy
13 20 (1.45%) Shell Script
14 19 (1.38%) C++
15 16 (1.16%) Clojure
16 14 (1.02%) Apple Swift
16 14 (1.02%) Objective-C
17 11 (0.80%) PL/SQL
18 10 (0.73%) GraphQL
19 9 (0.65%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 55 (3.99%) Degree
2 47 (3.41%) Security Cleared
3 39 (2.83%) SC Cleared
4 3 (0.22%) CISA
4 3 (0.22%) CISM
4 3 (0.22%) CISSP
4 3 (0.22%) Master's Degree
5 1 (0.073%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (0.073%) CTC Cleared
5 1 (0.073%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.073%) ISEB
5 1 (0.073%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (1.89%) QA
2 16 (1.16%) WCAG
3 5 (0.36%) WAI
4 3 (0.22%) FedRAMP
4 3 (0.22%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.15%) COBIT
5 2 (0.15%) FATCA
System Software
1 102 (7.40%) Docker
2 4 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 3 (0.22%) Apache Flume
4 2 (0.15%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.15%) HDFS
4 2 (0.15%) UAG
4 2 (0.15%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 25 (1.81%) Kubernetes
1 25 (1.81%) Puppet
2 15 (1.09%) Ansible
3 8 (0.58%) Terraform
4 7 (0.51%) Kibana
5 6 (0.44%) Opscode Chef
6 3 (0.22%) cPanel
6 3 (0.22%) logstash
7 2 (0.15%) Nagios
8 1 (0.073%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 89 (6.46%) Adobe
2 45 (3.27%) Google
3 36 (2.61%) Microsoft
3 36 (2.61%) Oracle
4 13 (0.94%) IBM
5 12 (0.87%) Atlassian
6 11 (0.80%) SAP
6 11 (0.80%) Zend
7 9 (0.65%) Salesforce.com
7 9 (0.65%) Sitecore
7 9 (0.65%) Solace
8 7 (0.51%) VMware
9 6 (0.44%) Demandware
10 5 (0.36%) ATG
10 5 (0.36%) hybris
10 5 (0.36%) MuleSoft
10 5 (0.36%) Tealium
11 4 (0.29%) Apple
11 4 (0.29%) Cisco
11 4 (0.29%) F5