Period
to 24 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 24 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
England > London
6 months to
24 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 153 103 86
Rank change year-on-year -50 -17 -32
Contract jobs citing CSS3 720 1,237 1,350
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 1.82% 2.70% 3.14%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 4.99% 6.96% 8.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 546 938 1,050
London median daily rate £500 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +8.82%
10th Percentile £344 £319 £313
90th Percentile £625 £600 £600
England median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 5 5
London median hourly rate £115.00 £45.00 £16.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +155.56% +181.25% -65.22%
10th Percentile £50.75 £42.50 £14.65
90th Percentile £122.50 £49.50 £88.50
England median hourly rate £51.25 £45.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +13.89% +20.00% +72.41%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 14,428 17,764 15,713
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.47% 38.80% 36.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,762 13,460 11,702
London median daily rate £525 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +2.50% +8.34%
10th Percentile £375 £368 £350
90th Percentile £681 £675 £650
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 75 99 106
London median hourly rate £47.50 £43.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.20% +8.75% -
10th Percentile £16.75 £20.14 £18.25
90th Percentile £102.70 £73.50 £52.25
England median hourly rate £45.00 £41.53 £40.00
% change year-on-year +8.36% +3.83% +6.67%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3 in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in London over the 6 months to 24 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in London over the 6 months to 24 August 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the London region over the 6 months to 24 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -55 136 £510 +13.33% 52
South London +8 60 £425 -5.56% 9
West London -20 21 £455 -9.00% 42
East London +8 8 £475 +2.15% 24
North London -2 6 £375 -6.83% 4
CSS3
England

For the 6 months to 24 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 720 (100.00%) CSS
2 714 (99.17%) HTML
3 688 (95.56%) HTML5
4 583 (80.97%) JavaScript
5 408 (56.67%) Agile Software Development
6 348 (48.33%) AngularJS
7 337 (46.81%) Front End Development
8 288 (40.00%) React
9 212 (29.44%) Node.js
10 209 (29.03%) Git (software)
11 205 (28.47%) TDD
12 180 (25.00%) Sass
13 166 (23.06%) Java
14 165 (22.92%) ES6
15 163 (22.64%) TypeScript
16 162 (22.50%) Redux
17 145 (20.14%) User Experience
18 143 (19.86%) Scrum
19 124 (17.22%) RESTful
20 118 (16.39%) jQuery
21 112 (15.56%) Web Development
22 111 (15.42%) BDD
23 110 (15.28%) .NET
24 109 (15.14%) Test Automation
25 106 (14.72%) Azure
26 103 (14.31%) Spring
27 98 (13.61%) Twitter Bootstrap
28 97 (13.47%) DevOps
29 96 (13.33%) C#
30 95 (13.19%) MVC

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (7.50%) CMS
2 37 (5.14%) Apache
3 32 (4.44%) Apache Solr
4 30 (4.17%) Confluence
5 29 (4.03%) Elasticsearch
6 23 (3.19%) WordPress
7 22 (3.06%) Drupal
7 22 (3.06%) Magnolia
8 19 (2.64%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 11 (1.53%) nginx
10 10 (1.39%) JBoss
11 8 (1.11%) IIS
12 7 (0.97%) SharePoint
13 6 (0.83%) Tomcat
14 4 (0.56%) Umbraco
15 3 (0.42%) Apache Spark
15 3 (0.42%) WebSphere
16 2 (0.28%) Commerce Server
16 2 (0.28%) Jetty
16 2 (0.28%) WildFly
Applications
1 41 (5.69%) Photoshop
2 22 (3.06%) Adobe Illustrator
3 7 (0.97%) Sketch
4 6 (0.83%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 5 (0.69%) InVision
6 4 (0.56%) Zeplin
7 3 (0.42%) Adobe XD
7 3 (0.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.14%) Marvel
8 1 (0.14%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 9 (1.25%) Magento
2 3 (0.42%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.42%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.14%) Dynamics NAV
3 1 (0.14%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.14%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 106 (14.72%) Azure
2 50 (6.94%) npm
3 48 (6.67%) AWS
4 41 (5.69%) GitHub
5 22 (3.06%) SaaS
6 19 (2.64%) Serverless
7 18 (2.50%) PaaS
8 17 (2.36%) Amazon EC2
8 17 (2.36%) Amazon SQS
9 14 (1.94%) Amazon ECS
9 14 (1.94%) Amazon S3
9 14 (1.94%) AWS Lambda
9 14 (1.94%) Google Analytics
10 12 (1.67%) Azure Active Directory
11 10 (1.39%) Power Platform
12 9 (1.25%) Dynamics 365
12 9 (1.25%) Microsoft Flow
12 9 (1.25%) Yarn
13 8 (1.11%) GCP
13 8 (1.11%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 13 (1.81%) HTTP
2 5 (0.69%) Reverse Proxy
3 2 (0.28%) Internet
3 2 (0.28%) Intranet
3 2 (0.28%) SSH
4 1 (0.14%) HTTPS
4 1 (0.14%) POP3
4 1 (0.14%) Skype
4 1 (0.14%) SMTP
4 1 (0.14%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 59 (8.19%) SQL Server
2 56 (7.78%) MySQL
3 45 (6.25%) NoSQL
4 37 (5.14%) MongoDB
5 18 (2.50%) Relational Database
6 17 (2.36%) PostgreSQL
7 14 (1.94%) Azure SQL Database
8 13 (1.81%) Apache Cassandra
9 12 (1.67%) Redis
10 10 (1.39%) Big Data
11 9 (1.25%) HBase
12 7 (0.97%) Hadoop
12 7 (0.97%) SQL Server 2014
13 5 (0.69%) Amazon RDS
14 3 (0.42%) Apache Hive
14 3 (0.42%) Blockchain
14 3 (0.42%) Cosmos DB
14 3 (0.42%) Impala
14 3 (0.42%) SQL Server 2016
15 2 (0.28%) phpMyAdmin
Development Applications
1 209 (29.03%) Git (software)
2 87 (12.08%) Jenkins
3 79 (10.97%) webpack
4 73 (10.14%) Grunt
5 72 (10.00%) gulp
6 70 (9.72%) Jasmine
7 66 (9.17%) Maven
8 53 (7.36%) Karma Test Runner
9 46 (6.39%) JIRA
9 46 (6.39%) Selenium
10 35 (4.86%) Cucumber
11 31 (4.31%) Gradle
12 27 (3.75%) Subversion
12 27 (3.75%) Visual Studio
13 26 (3.61%) SonarQube
14 24 (3.33%) Mocha
15 21 (2.92%) Babel
16 20 (2.78%) Bitbucket
17 18 (2.50%) NUnit
18 17 (2.36%) EasyMock
General
1 95 (13.19%) Finance
2 51 (7.08%) Marketing
3 44 (6.11%) Retail
4 26 (3.61%) Banking
5 19 (2.64%) Public Sector
6 14 (1.94%) Front Office
7 13 (1.81%) Games
8 9 (1.25%) Legal
8 9 (1.25%) Publishing
9 7 (0.97%) Multimedia
10 6 (0.83%) Telecoms
11 4 (0.56%) Advertising
11 4 (0.56%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.28%) Aerospace
12 2 (0.28%) Investment Banking
12 2 (0.28%) Law
13 1 (0.14%) Electronics
13 1 (0.14%) French Language
13 1 (0.14%) Music Industry
13 1 (0.14%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 647 (89.86%) Developer
2 225 (31.25%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 165 (22.92%) React Developer
4 116 (16.11%) JavaScript Developer
5 105 (14.58%) Angular Developer
6 98 (13.61%) Full Stack Developer
7 50 (6.94%) .NET Developer
7 50 (6.94%) Senior Developer
8 49 (6.81%) Java Developer
9 37 (5.14%) Web Developer
10 33 (4.58%) HTML Developer
11 29 (4.03%) UI Developer
12 23 (3.19%) HTML CSS Developer
13 19 (2.64%) C# Developer
13 19 (2.64%) Senior Java Developer
14 18 (2.50%) Architect
15 16 (2.22%) Node.js Developer
16 15 (2.08%) Applications Developer
17 14 (1.94%) PHP Developer
18 13 (1.81%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 720 (100.00%) CSS
2 714 (99.17%) HTML
3 688 (95.56%) HTML5
4 348 (48.33%) AngularJS
5 288 (40.00%) React
6 212 (29.44%) Node.js
7 180 (25.00%) Sass
8 162 (22.50%) Redux
9 124 (17.22%) RESTful
10 118 (16.39%) jQuery
11 110 (15.28%) .NET
12 103 (14.31%) Spring
13 98 (13.61%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 91 (12.64%) Web Services
15 87 (12.08%) REST
16 83 (11.53%) Spring Boot
17 75 (10.42%) Angular 2
18 74 (10.28%) JSON
19 57 (7.92%) LESS
20 55 (7.64%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 145 (20.14%) User Experience
2 90 (12.50%) Mobile App
3 54 (7.50%) Analytical Skills
4 51 (7.08%) Greenfield Project
5 26 (3.61%) Social Media
6 19 (2.64%) Virtual Team
7 13 (1.81%) Enterprise Software
8 8 (1.11%) Self-Motivation
9 7 (0.97%) Data Protection Act
9 7 (0.97%) Digital Media
9 7 (0.97%) Graphic Design
9 7 (0.97%) Management Information System
9 7 (0.97%) Music Streaming
9 7 (0.97%) W3C
10 6 (0.83%) Algorithms
10 6 (0.83%) e-Learning
10 6 (0.83%) Hedge funds
11 5 (0.69%) Animation
12 4 (0.56%) iPad
12 4 (0.56%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 70 (9.72%) Linux
2 14 (1.94%) Ubuntu
3 12 (1.67%) Windows
4 10 (1.39%) Unix
5 9 (1.25%) VMS
6 8 (1.11%) Android
6 8 (1.11%) Apple iOS
7 2 (0.28%) Solaris
7 2 (0.28%) tvOS
8 1 (0.14%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 408 (56.67%) Agile Software Development
2 337 (46.81%) Front End Development
3 205 (28.47%) TDD
4 143 (19.86%) Scrum
5 112 (15.56%) Web Development
6 111 (15.42%) BDD
7 109 (15.14%) Test Automation
8 97 (13.47%) DevOps
9 95 (13.19%) MVC
10 90 (12.50%) Microservices
11 84 (11.67%) OO
11 84 (11.67%) Responsive Web Design
12 60 (8.33%) E-Commerce
13 52 (7.22%) Analytics
13 52 (7.22%) Unit Testing
14 51 (7.08%) Continuous Integration
15 46 (6.39%) SDLC
16 35 (4.86%) Kanban
17 32 (4.44%) Content Management
17 32 (4.44%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 583 (80.97%) JavaScript
2 166 (23.06%) Java
3 165 (22.92%) ES6
4 163 (22.64%) TypeScript
5 96 (13.33%) C#
6 82 (11.39%) SQL
7 50 (6.94%) Java 8
8 47 (6.53%) PHP
9 25 (3.47%) ES7
10 21 (2.92%) PowerShell
11 20 (2.78%) Python
12 19 (2.64%) Ruby
13 11 (1.53%) Scala
14 7 (0.97%) Perl
15 6 (0.83%) Java 9
16 4 (0.56%) Bash Shell
16 4 (0.56%) T-SQL
17 3 (0.42%) Apple Swift
17 3 (0.42%) Korn
18 2 (0.28%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 44 (6.11%) Security Cleared
2 37 (5.14%) SC Cleared
3 35 (4.86%) Degree
4 7 (0.97%) BPSS Clearance
5 5 (0.69%) Computer Science Degree
6 4 (0.56%) DBS Check
7 2 (0.28%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.14%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.14%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (4.31%) QA
2 11 (1.53%) WCAG
3 4 (0.56%) GDPR
System Software
1 66 (9.17%) Docker
2 12 (1.67%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.14%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 27 (3.75%) Kubernetes
2 12 (1.67%) Puppet
3 7 (0.97%) Terraform
4 5 (0.69%) Hadoop YARN
5 2 (0.28%) Ansible
5 2 (0.28%) Nagios
5 2 (0.28%) Packer
5 2 (0.28%) Prometheus
6 1 (0.14%) Docker Swarm
6 1 (0.14%) Grafana
6 1 (0.14%) Graphite
6 1 (0.14%) Kibana
6 1 (0.14%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.14%) Tivoli
6 1 (0.14%) Tivoli NetView
6 1 (0.14%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 56 (7.78%) Adobe
2 26 (3.61%) Google
2 26 (3.61%) Microsoft
3 16 (2.22%) Atlassian
4 13 (1.81%) Oracle
5 8 (1.11%) HubSpot
6 6 (0.83%) Cypress Semiconductor
6 6 (0.83%) Optimizely
7 5 (0.69%) Perforce
7 5 (0.69%) Sybase
8 4 (0.56%) Salesforce.com
9 3 (0.42%) MuleSoft
9 3 (0.42%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
9 3 (0.42%) Sitecore
9 3 (0.42%) Splunk
10 2 (0.28%) hybris
10 2 (0.28%) ServiceNow
10 2 (0.28%) Sony
10 2 (0.28%) Zend
11 1 (0.14%) FatWire