Period
to 25 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 25 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
England > London
6 months to
25 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 265 221 167
Rank change year-on-year -44 -54 -61
Contract jobs citing CSS3 331 137 651
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.98% 1.02% 1.68%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.84% 2.68% 4.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 252 100 489
10th Percentile £375 £363 £325
25th Percentile £425 £425 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £510 £488
Median % change year-on-year -1.96% +4.62% +5.41%
75th Percentile £650 £550 £556
90th Percentile £713 £575 £625
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 8
10th Percentile £67.03 " £47.50
25th Percentile £67.53 " £49.38
Median hourly rate £69.20 £21.50 £115.00
Median % change year-on-year +221.86% -81.30% +155.56%
75th Percentile £70.08 " £122.50
90th Percentile £70.09 " "
England median hourly rate £56.50 £21.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year +162.79% -57.00% +11.11%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 11,665 5,111 14,030
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 34.51% 38.14% 36.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,757 3,770 10,564
10th Percentile £400 £363 £375
25th Percentile £469 £425 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +0.96%
75th Percentile £660 £630 £613
90th Percentile £725 £713 £688
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 47 23 60
10th Percentile £21.11 £21.70 £16.03
25th Percentile £35.00 £24.25 £33.81
Median hourly rate £49.00 £34.95 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +40.20% -30.10% +14.61%
75th Percentile £66.38 £46.38 £53.50
90th Percentile £72.80 £53.28 £69.18
England median hourly rate £49.00 £43.75 £46.50
% change year-on-year +12.00% -5.91% +10.71%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS3 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing CSS3 in London.

Daily rate trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing CSS3 in London over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing CSS3 in London.

Hourly rate trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the London region over the 6 months to 25 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -31 53 £450 -18.18% 55
West London -15 2 £500 +17.65% 22
South London -29 1 - -
CSS3
England

For the 6 months to 25 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 331 (100.00%) CSS
2 302 (91.24%) HTML
3 291 (87.92%) HTML5
4 289 (87.31%) JavaScript
5 164 (49.55%) React
6 157 (47.43%) Agile Software Development
7 144 (43.50%) AngularJS
8 120 (36.25%) DevOps
9 104 (31.42%) Azure
10 103 (31.12%) Git (software)
11 101 (30.51%) Sass
11 101 (30.51%) TypeScript
11 101 (30.51%) Full Stack Development
12 95 (28.70%) Front End Development
13 90 (27.19%) Node.js
14 88 (26.59%) Python
15 83 (25.08%) AWS
16 77 (23.26%) Docker
17 76 (22.96%) Problem-Solving
18 74 (22.36%) Web Services
19 73 (22.05%) Java
20 72 (21.75%) TDD
21 68 (20.54%) Accessibility
22 64 (19.34%) Finance
23 60 (18.13%) Scrum
23 60 (18.13%) Web Development
24 59 (17.82%) Social Skills
25 51 (15.41%) Redux
25 51 (15.41%) MVC
26 48 (14.50%) .NET

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (7.55%) CMS
2 23 (6.95%) Adobe Experience Manager
3 18 (5.44%) Confluence
4 13 (3.93%) Apache
5 8 (2.42%) Drupal
6 7 (2.11%) nginx
7 4 (1.21%) Apache Spark
7 4 (1.21%) IIS
7 4 (1.21%) WordPress
8 3 (0.91%) SharePoint
9 2 (0.60%) Apache Solr
9 2 (0.60%) Cloud Foundry
9 2 (0.60%) Jupyter
9 2 (0.60%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.30%) IBM Domino
10 1 (0.30%) JBoss
10 1 (0.30%) Jetty
10 1 (0.30%) Magnolia
10 1 (0.30%) Sitecore CMS
10 1 (0.30%) WebSphere
Applications
1 6 (1.81%) Photoshop
2 3 (0.91%) GIMP
3 2 (0.60%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 2 (0.60%) Adobe XD
3 2 (0.60%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.30%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.30%) Figma
4 1 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.30%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 4 (1.21%) Magento
2 3 (0.91%) Shopify
3 1 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.30%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 104 (31.42%) Azure
2 83 (25.08%) AWS
3 45 (13.60%) GitHub
4 34 (10.27%) npm
5 9 (2.72%) Cloud Computing
6 8 (2.42%) GitHub Actions
7 5 (1.51%) AWS CloudFormation
8 4 (1.21%) Serverless
9 3 (0.91%) Adobe Creative Cloud
9 3 (0.91%) Amazon S3
10 2 (0.60%) IaaS
10 2 (0.60%) Salesforce Service Cloud
10 2 (0.60%) Yarn
11 1 (0.30%) AWS CodePipeline
11 1 (0.30%) AWS Lambda
11 1 (0.30%) Dynamics 365
11 1 (0.30%) Firebase
11 1 (0.30%) GCP
11 1 (0.30%) OpenShift
11 1 (0.30%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 7 (2.11%) HTTP
2 4 (1.21%) DNS
3 3 (0.91%) Kerberos
4 2 (0.60%) Internet
5 1 (0.30%) X.500
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (9.67%) SQL Server
2 20 (6.04%) MySQL
3 9 (2.72%) PostgreSQL
4 7 (2.11%) NoSQL
5 5 (1.51%) MongoDB
5 5 (1.51%) RDBMS
5 5 (1.51%) Redis
5 5 (1.51%) Relational Database
5 5 (1.51%) Riak
6 4 (1.21%) Big Data
6 4 (1.21%) Data Warehouse
6 4 (1.21%) Spotfire
7 3 (0.91%) Amazon RDS
7 3 (0.91%) MariaDB
7 3 (0.91%) Sybase ASE
8 2 (0.60%) Tableau
9 1 (0.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 1 (0.30%) Apache Cassandra
9 1 (0.30%) Azure SQL Database
9 1 (0.30%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 103 (31.12%) Git (software)
2 40 (12.08%) Jenkins
3 30 (9.06%) webpack
4 23 (6.95%) JIRA
5 19 (5.74%) Jasmine
6 17 (5.14%) Grunt
6 17 (5.14%) gulp
7 16 (4.83%) JUnit
7 16 (4.83%) Mockito
8 15 (4.53%) Karma Test Runner
9 14 (4.23%) Cypress.io
10 13 (3.93%) Bitbucket
11 12 (3.63%) Bower
12 11 (3.32%) Maven
12 11 (3.32%) Mocha
12 11 (3.32%) Protractor
13 10 (3.02%) Cucumber
14 9 (2.72%) Babel
15 8 (2.42%) Subversion
16 7 (2.11%) Selenium
General
1 64 (19.34%) Finance
2 59 (17.82%) Social Skills
3 27 (8.16%) Analytical Skills
4 24 (7.25%) Presentation Skills
5 23 (6.95%) Banking
6 20 (6.04%) Marketing
7 11 (3.32%) Retail
8 7 (2.11%) Manufacturing
8 7 (2.11%) Public Sector
8 7 (2.11%) Publishing
8 7 (2.11%) Telecoms
9 4 (1.21%) Advertising
9 4 (1.21%) Aerospace
9 4 (1.21%) Front Office
9 4 (1.21%) Games
9 4 (1.21%) Investment Banking
10 3 (0.91%) Multimedia
11 2 (0.60%) Automotive
11 2 (0.60%) Retail Banking
12 1 (0.30%) Law
Job Titles
1 241 (72.81%) Developer
2 50 (15.11%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 40 (12.08%) Full Stack Developer
4 36 (10.88%) Angular Developer
5 35 (10.57%) React Developer
6 32 (9.67%) Python Developer
7 31 (9.37%) Senior Developer
8 25 (7.55%) Backend Developer
8 25 (7.55%) PHP Developer
9 20 (6.04%) UI Developer
10 17 (5.14%) JavaScript Developer
11 12 (3.63%) Python Engineer
11 12 (3.63%) Software Developer
12 11 (3.32%) .NET Developer
12 11 (3.32%) Java Developer
12 11 (3.32%) Senior Front-End Developer
13 10 (3.02%) JavaScript Engineer
13 10 (3.02%) Lead Developer
14 9 (2.72%) Data Engineer
14 9 (2.72%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 331 (100.00%) CSS
2 302 (91.24%) HTML
3 291 (87.92%) HTML5
4 164 (49.55%) React
5 144 (43.50%) AngularJS
6 101 (30.51%) Sass
7 90 (27.19%) Node.js
8 74 (22.36%) Web Services
9 51 (15.41%) Redux
10 48 (14.50%) .NET
10 48 (14.50%) Vue.js
11 46 (13.90%) RESTful
12 40 (12.08%) LESS
13 36 (10.88%) REST
14 35 (10.57%) Vuetify.js
15 34 (10.27%) jQuery
16 33 (9.97%) Laravel
16 33 (9.97%) Spring
17 29 (8.76%) Flask
17 29 (8.76%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 44 (13.29%) User Experience
2 22 (6.65%) Enterprise Software
3 18 (5.44%) Mobile App
4 15 (4.53%) Social Media
5 9 (2.72%) Data Structures
5 9 (2.72%) Market Risk
6 8 (2.42%) Algorithms
7 7 (2.11%) W3C
8 5 (1.51%) Greenfield Project
8 5 (1.51%) Public Cloud
9 4 (1.21%) Hedge funds
9 4 (1.21%) N-Tier
10 3 (0.91%) 3D Graphics
11 2 (0.60%) Cloud Native
11 2 (0.60%) Credit Risk
11 2 (0.60%) Linux Command Line
11 2 (0.60%) SCORM
11 2 (0.60%) Tandem
11 2 (0.60%) Vector Graphics
11 2 (0.60%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 25 (7.55%) Linux
2 8 (2.42%) Windows
3 5 (1.51%) Unix
4 3 (0.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 3 (0.91%) Windows Server
5 2 (0.60%) Windows Server 2019
6 1 (0.30%) Android
6 1 (0.30%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 157 (47.43%) Agile Software Development
2 120 (36.25%) DevOps
3 101 (30.51%) Full Stack Development
4 95 (28.70%) Front End Development
5 76 (22.96%) Problem-Solving
6 72 (21.75%) TDD
7 60 (18.13%) Scrum
7 60 (18.13%) Web Development
8 51 (15.41%) MVC
9 45 (13.60%) Software Engineering
10 38 (11.48%) Microservices
10 38 (11.48%) Unit Testing
11 32 (9.67%) Data Protection
11 32 (9.67%) Multithreading
12 31 (9.37%) Event-Driven
13 30 (9.06%) DevSecOps
13 30 (9.06%) Test Automation
14 28 (8.46%) Event-Driven Programming
15 27 (8.16%) Site Reliability Engineering
16 26 (7.85%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 289 (87.31%) JavaScript
2 101 (30.51%) TypeScript
3 88 (26.59%) Python
4 73 (22.05%) Java
5 47 (14.20%) ES6
6 46 (13.90%) PHP
7 37 (11.18%) C#
8 36 (10.88%) SQL
9 19 (5.74%) Java 8
10 16 (4.83%) Java 11
11 15 (4.53%) Kotlin
12 11 (3.32%) Scala
13 8 (2.42%) R
14 4 (1.21%) PowerShell
15 3 (0.91%) Apex Code
15 3 (0.91%) Bash Shell
15 3 (0.91%) C
15 3 (0.91%) MATLAB
15 3 (0.91%) Shell Script
16 2 (0.60%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 21 (6.34%) Degree
2 13 (3.93%) Security Cleared
3 6 (1.81%) Master's Degree
4 5 (1.51%) Computer Science Degree
4 5 (1.51%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.30%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (0.30%) ISEB
5 1 (0.30%) ISEB Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 68 (20.54%) Accessibility
2 11 (3.32%) WCAG
3 10 (3.02%) QA
4 5 (1.51%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.30%) HL7
5 1 (0.30%) Section 508
5 1 (0.30%) WAI
System Software
1 77 (23.26%) Docker
2 6 (1.81%) Active Directory
3 4 (1.21%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 24 (7.25%) Kubernetes
2 9 (2.72%) Ansible
3 7 (2.11%) Terraform
4 3 (0.91%) Kubeflow
4 3 (0.91%) Opscode Chef
4 3 (0.91%) Puppet
5 1 (0.30%) Hadoop YARN
5 1 (0.30%) HP Fortify
5 1 (0.30%) Nagios
Vendors
1 30 (9.06%) Adobe
2 18 (5.44%) Oracle
3 12 (3.63%) Microsoft
4 4 (1.21%) Salesforce.com
4 4 (1.21%) Sybase
5 3 (0.91%) Atlassian
5 3 (0.91%) hybris
5 3 (0.91%) SaltStack
6 2 (0.60%) DevExpress
6 2 (0.60%) Google
6 2 (0.60%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
6 2 (0.60%) Splunk
6 2 (0.60%) Tealium
7 1 (0.30%) Facebook
7 1 (0.30%) Sitecore
7 1 (0.30%) Twitter
7 1 (0.30%) WorldPay
7 1 (0.30%) Xamarin
7 1 (0.30%) Xerox
7 1 (0.30%) Zend