The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 3 months to 26 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
26 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
CSS 3
England / London
Rank 78 62 69
Rank change year-on-year -16 +7  
Contract jobs citing CSS3 596 758 634
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 3.10% 3.42% 2.99%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 8.90% 10.76% 9.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 440 611 480
Median daily rate £425 £425 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +9.67%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £320 £295
10% offered a daily rate of more than £538 £550 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £361 £338 £325
% change year-on-year +7.03% +3.84%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 0 3
Median hourly rate £26.00 - £27.37
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.30 - £21.47
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £91.00 - £28.67
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £9.00 £27.50
% change year-on-year +344.44% -67.27%  

CSS3 is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
London
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 6698 7045 6400
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London 34.80% 31.82% 30.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 4986 5272 4632
Median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.55% +5.88%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £340 £325 £313
10% offered a daily rate of more than £613 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £350
% change year-on-year +3.44% +3.57%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 50 29 27
Median hourly rate £47.00 £50.00 £27.37
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.00% +82.68%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.01 £22.00 £20.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £100.00 £55.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £38.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.55%  

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in London

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in London citing CSS3 as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3 in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in London over the 3 months to 26 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in London over the 3 months to 26 March 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the London region over the 3 months to 26 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London -3 78 £441 +10.31% 56
Canary Wharf - 5 £375 -
Hammersmith +2 2 - -
Twickenham -4 2 £295 +96.66%
Bromley +3 1 £450 +38.46%
Croydon -1 1 £600 +60.00% 1
Kingston Upon Thames -6 1 £325 -31.57% 2
Feltham - 1 - -
CSS3
England

CSS3
Top 30 Related IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 26 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 1335 (100.00%) CSS
2 1270 (95.13%) HTML
3 1233 (92.36%) HTML5
4 1131 (84.72%) JavaScript
5 657 (49.21%) AngularJS
6 646 (48.39%) Agile Software Development
7 479 (35.88%) Front End Development
8 439 (32.88%) React
9 409 (30.64%) jQuery
10 403 (30.19%) TDD
11 362 (27.12%) Node.js
12 327 (24.49%) Sass
13 316 (23.67%) Java
14 313 (23.45%) Git (software)
15 268 (20.07%) Finance
16 258 (19.33%) OO
17 256 (19.18%) User Experience
18 248 (18.58%) Web Development
19 231 (17.30%) BDD
20 228 (17.08%) Scrum
21 198 (14.83%) MVC
21 198 (14.83%) REST
22 188 (14.08%) Banking
23 170 (12.73%) Responsive Web Design
24 169 (12.66%) LESS
25 166 (12.43%) Twitter Bootstrap
26 164 (12.28%) JSON
27 161 (12.06%) Jasmine
28 136 (10.19%) Web Services
28 136 (10.19%) Ajax

CSS3
Top Related IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (4.12%) Confluence
2 50 (3.75%) CMS
3 30 (2.25%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 29 (2.17%) SharePoint
5 28 (2.10%) WordPress
6 21 (1.57%) Drupal
7 18 (1.35%) Apache
8 15 (1.12%) Elasticsearch
9 14 (1.05%) JBoss
10 12 (0.90%) WebSphere
11 11 (0.82%) nginx
12 9 (0.67%) Tomcat
12 9 (0.67%) uWSGI
13 8 (0.60%) Cloud Foundry
14 7 (0.52%) Apache Spark
14 7 (0.52%) EPiServer
15 6 (0.45%) Apache Solr
15 6 (0.45%) Umbraco
16 5 (0.37%) IIS
16 5 (0.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 55 (4.12%) Photoshop
2 20 (1.50%) OmniGraffle
3 13 (0.97%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 11 (0.82%) MS Excel
5 10 (0.75%) Adobe Illustrator
6 7 (0.52%) InVision
7 6 (0.45%) MS Visio
8 5 (0.37%) GIMP
9 4 (0.30%) UXPin
10 3 (0.22%) InDesign
11 2 (0.15%) MS PowerPoint
11 2 (0.15%) MS Project
12 1 (0.075%) Fireworks
12 1 (0.075%) MS Office
Business Applications
1 17 (1.27%) Magento
2 4 (0.30%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 2 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.075%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.075%) Radian6
4 1 (0.075%) SDL Web 8
4 1 (0.075%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 55 (4.12%) GitHub
2 51 (3.82%) Amazon AWS
3 39 (2.92%) Microsoft Azure
4 11 (0.82%) Google Analytics
5 9 (0.67%) SaaS
6 8 (0.60%) PaaS
7 7 (0.52%) CloudBees
7 7 (0.52%) Google Cloud Platform
7 7 (0.52%) IaaS
7 7 (0.52%) OpenShift
8 5 (0.37%) Basecamp
9 4 (0.30%) AWS Lambda
10 3 (0.22%) Cloud Computing
10 3 (0.22%) Google Play
10 3 (0.22%) Heroku
10 3 (0.22%) MailChimp
10 3 (0.22%) Slack
11 2 (0.15%) Adobe Analytics
11 2 (0.15%) Amazon S3
11 2 (0.15%) SmartFocus
Communications & Networking
1 57 (4.27%) HTTP
2 20 (1.50%) Internet
3 15 (1.12%) Extranet
3 15 (1.12%) Network Security
4 12 (0.90%) DNS
4 12 (0.90%) SSL
5 7 (0.52%) Intranet
6 2 (0.15%) LDAP
6 2 (0.15%) SMTP
7 1 (0.075%) CTI
7 1 (0.075%) MVNO
7 1 (0.075%) Reverse Proxy
7 1 (0.075%) Skype
7 1 (0.075%) TCP/IP
7 1 (0.075%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 76 (5.69%) MySQL
2 64 (4.79%) MongoDB
3 52 (3.90%) NoSQL
4 51 (3.82%) PostgreSQL
4 51 (3.82%) SQL Server
5 42 (3.15%) Relational Database
6 34 (2.55%) Hadoop
7 33 (2.47%) Big Data
8 30 (2.25%) HBase
9 19 (1.42%) Apache Cassandra
10 15 (1.12%) Redis
11 6 (0.45%) RDBMS
11 6 (0.45%) SQL Server 2008
12 5 (0.37%) BigQuery
12 5 (0.37%) Data Warehouse
13 4 (0.30%) Couchbase
14 3 (0.22%) DB2
14 3 (0.22%) Hazelcast
14 3 (0.22%) Neo4j
14 3 (0.22%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 313 (23.45%) Git (software)
2 161 (12.06%) Jasmine
3 128 (9.59%) Grunt
4 122 (9.14%) gulp
5 104 (7.79%) webpack
6 98 (7.34%) JIRA
7 93 (6.97%) Jenkins
8 91 (6.82%) Mocha
9 83 (6.22%) Karma Test Runner
10 73 (5.47%) Maven
11 72 (5.39%) Cucumber
11 72 (5.39%) Selenium
12 50 (3.75%) TeamCity
13 49 (3.67%) JUnit
14 44 (3.30%) Subversion
15 41 (3.07%) Protractor
16 28 (2.10%) Balsamiq Mockups
17 27 (2.02%) Bower
17 27 (2.02%) Mockito
18 24 (1.80%) Axure RP
General
1 268 (20.07%) Finance
2 188 (14.08%) Banking
3 65 (4.87%) Retail
4 58 (4.34%) Marketing
5 48 (3.60%) Investment Banking
6 31 (2.32%) Front Office
6 31 (2.32%) Games
7 22 (1.65%) Legal
8 20 (1.50%) Advertising
9 16 (1.20%) Telecoms
10 14 (1.05%) Financial Institution
10 14 (1.05%) Publishing
11 10 (0.75%) Electronics
11 10 (0.75%) Retail Banking
12 8 (0.60%) Automotive
13 6 (0.45%) Back Office
13 6 (0.45%) Czech Language
14 5 (0.37%) Manufacturing
15 4 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
15 4 (0.30%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 1174 (87.94%) Developer
2 424 (31.76%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 378 (28.31%) JavaScript Developer
4 188 (14.08%) Angular Developer
5 154 (11.54%) HTML Developer
6 135 (10.11%) Senior Developer
7 134 (10.04%) UI Developer
8 125 (9.36%) Web Developer
9 124 (9.29%) HTML CSS Developer
10 97 (7.27%) Java Developer
11 77 (5.77%) Full Stack Developer
12 66 (4.94%) Node.js Developer
13 52 (3.90%) Lead Developer
14 42 (3.15%) Architect
15 41 (3.07%) .NET Developer
16 38 (2.85%) Applications Developer
16 38 (2.85%) Designer
16 38 (2.85%) Senior JavaScript Developer
17 36 (2.70%) Senior Front-End Developer
18 34 (2.55%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1335 (100.00%) CSS
2 1270 (95.13%) HTML
3 1233 (92.36%) HTML5
4 657 (49.21%) AngularJS
5 439 (32.88%) React
6 409 (30.64%) jQuery
7 362 (27.12%) Node.js
8 327 (24.49%) Sass
9 198 (14.83%) REST
10 169 (12.66%) LESS
11 166 (12.43%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 164 (12.28%) JSON
13 136 (10.19%) Ajax
13 136 (10.19%) Web Services
14 134 (10.04%) Redux
15 123 (9.21%) RESTful
16 118 (8.84%) Backbone.js
17 117 (8.76%) Spring
18 105 (7.87%) .NET
19 90 (6.74%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 256 (19.18%) User Experience
2 63 (4.72%) Mobile App
3 55 (4.12%) Computer Science
4 40 (3.00%) Analytical Skills
5 38 (2.85%) W3C
6 35 (2.62%) Fintech
7 29 (2.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 23 (1.72%) Virtual Team
9 20 (1.50%) Enterprise Software
10 17 (1.27%) Equities
11 16 (1.20%) Graphic Design
12 11 (0.82%) Online Banking
13 10 (0.75%) Digital Media
13 10 (0.75%) Fixed Income
14 9 (0.67%) Derivative
14 9 (0.67%) Management Information System
14 9 (0.67%) STB
15 8 (0.60%) Blackberry
15 8 (0.60%) Video on Demand
16 7 (0.52%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 89 (6.67%) Linux
2 45 (3.37%) Apple iOS
3 32 (2.40%) Android
4 31 (2.32%) Unix
5 24 (1.80%) Windows
6 8 (0.60%) webOS
6 8 (0.60%) Windows Phone
6 8 (0.60%) Windows Phone 7
7 3 (0.22%) Mac OS
7 3 (0.22%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.075%) CentOS
8 1 (0.075%) Debian
8 1 (0.075%) Fedora
8 1 (0.075%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.075%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.075%) Solaris
8 1 (0.075%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 646 (48.39%) Agile Software Development
2 479 (35.88%) Front End Development
3 403 (30.19%) TDD
4 258 (19.33%) OO
5 248 (18.58%) Web Development
6 231 (17.30%) BDD
7 228 (17.08%) Scrum
8 198 (14.83%) MVC
9 170 (12.73%) Responsive Web Design
10 121 (9.06%) E-Commerce
11 113 (8.46%) Continuous Integration
12 98 (7.34%) Software Engineering
13 88 (6.59%) Microservices
14 80 (5.99%) Open Source
15 66 (4.94%) Unit Testing
15 66 (4.94%) Wireframes
16 57 (4.27%) Web Design
17 56 (4.19%) Prototyping
17 56 (4.19%) SOA
18 52 (3.90%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 1131 (84.72%) JavaScript
2 316 (23.67%) Java
3 132 (9.89%) ES6
4 107 (8.01%) C#
4 107 (8.01%) PHP
5 99 (7.42%) SQL
6 69 (5.17%) Ruby
7 50 (3.75%) Python
8 43 (3.22%) TypeScript
9 34 (2.55%) Scala
10 25 (1.87%) Shell Script
11 23 (1.72%) Korn
11 23 (1.72%) XPath
12 18 (1.35%) PowerShell
13 14 (1.05%) Apple Swift
13 14 (1.05%) ECMAScript
13 14 (1.05%) Objective-C
14 13 (0.97%) T-SQL
15 8 (0.60%) Groovy
16 7 (0.52%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 96 (7.19%) Degree
2 61 (4.57%) Security Cleared
3 53 (3.97%) SC Cleared
4 10 (0.75%) DV Cleared
5 8 (0.60%) BC Cleared
5 8 (0.60%) BPSS Clearance
6 6 (0.45%) MBA
7 2 (0.15%) CISA
7 2 (0.15%) CISM
7 2 (0.15%) CISSP
8 1 (0.075%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (2.55%) QA
2 15 (1.12%) FATCA
3 11 (0.82%) WCAG
4 3 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.22%) WAI
5 2 (0.15%) FedRAMP
5 2 (0.15%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.15%) PMO
6 1 (0.075%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.075%) EMIR
6 1 (0.075%) MiFID
System Software
1 54 (4.04%) Docker
2 6 (0.45%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.22%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.075%) HDFS
4 1 (0.075%) Varnish
4 1 (0.075%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 14 (1.05%) Puppet
2 10 (0.75%) Kubernetes
3 9 (0.67%) Kibana
4 8 (0.60%) Ansible
5 6 (0.45%) Terraform
6 5 (0.37%) Opscode Chef
7 3 (0.22%) Capistrano
7 3 (0.22%) logstash
7 3 (0.22%) Nagios
8 1 (0.075%) cPanel
Vendors
1 59 (4.42%) Adobe
2 40 (3.00%) Google
3 30 (2.25%) Oracle
4 23 (1.72%) Solace
5 21 (1.57%) Microsoft
6 14 (1.05%) Hortonworks
6 14 (1.05%) Zend
7 11 (0.82%) MuleSoft
7 11 (0.82%) SAP
7 11 (0.82%) Twitter
8 9 (0.67%) Apple
8 9 (0.67%) Perforce
9 6 (0.45%) Sitecore
10 5 (0.37%) Facebook
10 5 (0.37%) IBM
11 4 (0.30%) Atlassian
11 4 (0.30%) hybris
12 3 (0.22%) Ab Initio
12 3 (0.22%) Cloudera
12 3 (0.22%) Informatica
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £400 - £550 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Vantage Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: From £300 to £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £365 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
AMS contingency
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £400-£500 and £550-£600
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Central London / West End
Lennon Wright
Rate: From £400 to £500 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
London
TDA Group
Rate: £450 - £650 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Central London / West End
Evolution Recruitment Solutions
Posted: 6 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
London
E-synergy Solutions
Rate: £401 - £550 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £400.00 - £600 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
London
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £350.00 - £440.00 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Trust In Soda
Rate: From £40,000 to £50,000 per annum (Day rates up to £340pd)
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £380 - £420 per annum
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
Intrinsic Recruitment Ltd
Rate: Market Rates + Bonus & Benefits
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
Lennon Wright
Rate: From £350 to £400 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
London
Wenham Carter
Rate: From £475 to £550 per day TBC
Posted: 5 days ago
Central London / West End
Spinnaker Red
Rate: From £350 to £450 per annum
Posted: 17 days ago