Period
to 26 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 26 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
England > London
6 months to
26 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 147 108 84
Rank change year-on-year -39 -24 -24
Contract jobs citing CSS3 801 1,154 1,187
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 1.93% 2.51% 2.98%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 5.22% 6.92% 8.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 615 927 885
London median daily rate £480 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.05% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £625 £613 £575
England median daily rate £450 £425 £404
% change year-on-year +5.88% +5.33% +0.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 4 5
London median hourly rate £52.50 £45.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% +28.57% +44.45%
10th Percentile £51.25 £42.50 £16.40
90th Percentile £53.75 £49.25 £92.10
England median hourly rate £41.50 £45.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -7.78% +12.50% +31.15%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 15,339 16,665 13,971
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.86% 36.23% 35.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,477 12,749 10,475
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.70%
10th Percentile £375 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
England median daily rate £500 £475 £445
% change year-on-year +5.26% +6.74% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 79 122 86
London median hourly rate £36.00 £41.41 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.07% -7.97% +14.65%
10th Percentile £24.11 £20.75 £20.04
90th Percentile £56.50 £57.50 £57.50
England median hourly rate £43.50 £41.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year +6.10% - +6.15%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3 in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in London over the 6 months to 26 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in London

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the London region over the 6 months to 26 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -67 141 £500 +11.11% 16
South London +26 61 £450 +12.50% 3
West London -18 44 £425 -10.53% 6
East London -22 11 £456 -20.65% 2
North London - 2 £400 -
CSS3
England

For the 6 months to 26 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 801 (100.00%) CSS
2 779 (97.25%) HTML
3 746 (93.13%) HTML5
4 648 (80.90%) JavaScript
5 450 (56.18%) Agile Software Development
6 412 (51.44%) AngularJS
7 341 (42.57%) Front End Development
8 320 (39.95%) React
9 271 (33.83%) Node.js
10 243 (30.34%) Git (software)
11 219 (27.34%) TDD
12 201 (25.09%) Sass
13 186 (23.22%) ES6
14 185 (23.10%) Scrum
15 171 (21.35%) User Experience
16 166 (20.72%) Java
17 164 (20.47%) TypeScript
17 164 (20.47%) jQuery
18 143 (17.85%) MVC
19 142 (17.73%) Web Development
20 133 (16.60%) .NET
21 129 (16.10%) Twitter Bootstrap
22 128 (15.98%) DevOps
23 127 (15.86%) BDD
24 124 (15.48%) Redux
25 120 (14.98%) RESTful
26 110 (13.73%) Microservices
27 107 (13.36%) Responsive Web Design
28 105 (13.11%) Jenkins
28 105 (13.11%) REST

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (7.24%) CMS
2 32 (4.00%) Drupal
3 25 (3.12%) Apache
4 23 (2.87%) Confluence
5 21 (2.62%) Elasticsearch
6 20 (2.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 18 (2.25%) Apache Solr
8 14 (1.75%) Magnolia
8 14 (1.75%) WordPress
9 5 (0.62%) EPiServer
10 4 (0.50%) Umbraco
11 3 (0.37%) IIS
11 3 (0.37%) JBoss
11 3 (0.37%) Sitecore CMS
11 3 (0.37%) Tomcat
12 2 (0.25%) Apache Spark
12 2 (0.25%) Jetty
12 2 (0.25%) Jupyter
12 2 (0.25%) Moodle
12 2 (0.25%) nginx
Applications
1 52 (6.49%) Photoshop
2 20 (2.50%) Microsoft Excel
3 15 (1.87%) Adobe Illustrator
4 7 (0.87%) InVision
5 6 (0.75%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 2 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.12%) GIMP
7 1 (0.12%) OmniGraffle
7 1 (0.12%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 7 (0.87%) Magento
2 3 (0.37%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.37%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
3 1 (0.12%) Eloqua
3 1 (0.12%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (0.12%) SDL Web 8
3 1 (0.12%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 74 (9.24%) Microsoft Azure
2 50 (6.24%) Amazon AWS
3 45 (5.62%) GitHub
4 33 (4.12%) npm
5 20 (2.50%) OpenShift
5 20 (2.50%) SaaS
6 19 (2.37%) AWS Lambda
6 19 (2.37%) Serverless
7 16 (2.00%) Google Cloud Platform
8 15 (1.87%) PaaS
9 11 (1.37%) Amazon SQS
9 11 (1.37%) Azure Active Directory
10 10 (1.25%) Amazon EC2
10 10 (1.25%) Amazon S3
11 9 (1.12%) Adobe Analytics
11 9 (1.12%) Google Analytics
12 8 (1.00%) AWS CloudFormation
13 7 (0.87%) Amazon Kinesis
14 4 (0.50%) Yarn
15 3 (0.37%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 15 (1.87%) HTTP
2 3 (0.37%) Firewall
2 3 (0.37%) IMAP
2 3 (0.37%) Internet
2 3 (0.37%) SMTP
2 3 (0.37%) SNMP
2 3 (0.37%) SSH
2 3 (0.37%) TCP/IP
3 2 (0.25%) Kerberos
4 1 (0.12%) HTTPS
4 1 (0.12%) Intranet
4 1 (0.12%) NFC
4 1 (0.12%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 85 (10.61%) SQL Server
2 75 (9.36%) MySQL
3 64 (7.99%) MongoDB
4 54 (6.74%) Relational Database
5 51 (6.37%) NoSQL
6 29 (3.62%) Apache Cassandra
7 26 (3.25%) PostgreSQL
8 20 (2.50%) RDBMS
9 15 (1.87%) Redis
10 14 (1.75%) Azure SQL Database
11 13 (1.62%) SQL Server 2014
12 10 (1.25%) Hadoop
13 7 (0.87%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 6 (0.75%) Big Data
15 5 (0.62%) Couchbase
15 5 (0.62%) Hazelcast
15 5 (0.62%) HBase
15 5 (0.62%) SQL Server 2008
15 5 (0.62%) SQL Server 2016
16 3 (0.37%) RavenDB
Development Applications
1 243 (30.34%) Git (software)
2 105 (13.11%) Jenkins
3 85 (10.61%) Grunt
4 82 (10.24%) Jasmine
5 71 (8.86%) gulp
6 67 (8.36%) Karma Test Runner
7 59 (7.37%) webpack
8 49 (6.12%) JIRA
9 44 (5.49%) Selenium
10 43 (5.37%) Maven
11 36 (4.49%) Subversion
12 29 (3.62%) Gradle
12 29 (3.62%) Mocha
12 29 (3.62%) Visual Studio
13 27 (3.37%) Cucumber
14 23 (2.87%) Team Foundation Server
15 19 (2.37%) Protractor
16 17 (2.12%) GitLab
16 17 (2.12%) Visual Studio Team System
17 15 (1.87%) Mercurial
General
1 105 (13.11%) Finance
2 49 (6.12%) Marketing
3 44 (5.49%) Banking
4 32 (4.00%) Retail
5 25 (3.12%) Front Office
6 18 (2.25%) Publishing
7 11 (1.37%) Telecoms
8 8 (1.00%) Investment Banking
9 7 (0.87%) French Language
9 7 (0.87%) Games
10 6 (0.75%) Electronics
10 6 (0.75%) Legal
10 6 (0.75%) Manufacturing
11 3 (0.37%) Advertising
12 2 (0.25%) Law
12 2 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
13 1 (0.12%) Back Office
13 1 (0.12%) Multimedia
13 1 (0.12%) Music Industry
13 1 (0.12%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 718 (89.64%) Developer
2 219 (27.34%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 165 (20.60%) React Developer
4 153 (19.10%) JavaScript Developer
5 138 (17.23%) Full Stack Developer
6 107 (13.36%) Angular Developer
7 57 (7.12%) Node.js Developer
8 53 (6.62%) .NET Developer
8 53 (6.62%) Senior Developer
9 52 (6.49%) UI Developer
10 45 (5.62%) Java Developer
11 37 (4.62%) HTML Developer
12 35 (4.37%) Web Developer
13 25 (3.12%) C# Developer
13 25 (3.12%) HTML CSS Developer
14 22 (2.75%) Designer
15 19 (2.37%) Drupal Developer
16 17 (2.12%) C# .NET Developer
17 15 (1.87%) UX Developer
18 14 (1.75%) Senior JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 801 (100.00%) CSS
2 779 (97.25%) HTML
3 746 (93.13%) HTML5
4 412 (51.44%) AngularJS
5 320 (39.95%) React
6 271 (33.83%) Node.js
7 201 (25.09%) Sass
8 164 (20.47%) jQuery
9 133 (16.60%) .NET
10 129 (16.10%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 124 (15.48%) Redux
12 120 (14.98%) RESTful
13 105 (13.11%) REST
14 91 (11.36%) Ajax
14 91 (11.36%) JSON
14 91 (11.36%) Spring
15 90 (11.24%) Web Services
16 76 (9.49%) Spring Boot
17 65 (8.11%) LESS
18 62 (7.74%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 171 (21.35%) User Experience
2 102 (12.73%) Analytical Skills
3 82 (10.24%) Mobile App
4 68 (8.49%) Greenfield Project
5 30 (3.75%) Fintech
6 24 (3.00%) Virtual Team
7 21 (2.62%) Social Media
8 20 (2.50%) Clustering
8 20 (2.50%) Fat Client
8 20 (2.50%) Thin Client
9 18 (2.25%) W3C
10 13 (1.62%) Self-Motivation
11 10 (1.25%) Algorithms
12 9 (1.12%) Data Structures
12 9 (1.12%) Hedge funds
13 7 (0.87%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 7 (0.87%) Graphic Design
13 7 (0.87%) Management Information System
13 7 (0.87%) Video\Live Streaming
14 6 (0.75%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 61 (7.62%) Linux
2 18 (2.25%) Apple iOS
3 17 (2.12%) Android
4 14 (1.75%) Windows
5 10 (1.25%) VMS
6 9 (1.12%) Unix
7 8 (1.00%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.12%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.12%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 450 (56.18%) Agile Software Development
2 341 (42.57%) Front End Development
3 219 (27.34%) TDD
4 185 (23.10%) Scrum
5 143 (17.85%) MVC
6 142 (17.73%) Web Development
7 128 (15.98%) DevOps
8 127 (15.86%) BDD
9 110 (13.73%) Microservices
10 107 (13.36%) Responsive Web Design
11 103 (12.86%) Test Automation
12 102 (12.73%) OO
13 74 (9.24%) Continuous Integration
14 66 (8.24%) Unit Testing
15 61 (7.62%) Continuous Deployment
16 47 (5.87%) E-Commerce
16 47 (5.87%) Kanban
17 45 (5.62%) Problem-Solving
18 43 (5.37%) Software Engineering
19 42 (5.24%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 648 (80.90%) JavaScript
2 186 (23.22%) ES6
3 166 (20.72%) Java
4 164 (20.47%) TypeScript
5 92 (11.49%) C#
6 91 (11.36%) SQL
7 61 (7.62%) PHP
8 49 (6.12%) Java 8
9 32 (4.00%) ES7
10 20 (2.50%) Python
11 18 (2.25%) Scala
12 16 (2.00%) T-SQL
13 14 (1.75%) PowerShell
14 9 (1.12%) Ruby
15 6 (0.75%) Apple Swift
15 6 (0.75%) Bash Shell
15 6 (0.75%) Go
16 5 (0.62%) C
16 5 (0.62%) Objective-C
16 5 (0.62%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 73 (9.11%) Degree
2 36 (4.49%) Security Cleared
3 29 (3.62%) SC Cleared
4 27 (3.37%) Numerate Degree
5 7 (0.87%) Computer Science Degree
6 4 (0.50%) DBS Check
7 2 (0.25%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.12%) MBA
8 1 (0.12%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (4.37%) QA
2 10 (1.25%) WCAG
3 1 (0.12%) GDPR
System Software
1 64 (7.99%) Docker
2 10 (1.25%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.12%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 34 (4.24%) Kubernetes
2 25 (3.12%) Ansible
3 19 (2.37%) Puppet
4 9 (1.12%) Terraform
5 4 (0.50%) Kibana
5 4 (0.50%) Opscode Chef
6 3 (0.37%) Consul
6 3 (0.37%) Grafana
6 3 (0.37%) Graphite
6 3 (0.37%) logstash
6 3 (0.37%) ZABBIX
7 1 (0.12%) Packer
7 1 (0.12%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 69 (8.61%) Adobe
2 41 (5.12%) Oracle
3 40 (4.99%) Microsoft
4 26 (3.25%) Google
5 9 (1.12%) Salesforce.com
6 7 (0.87%) Optimizely
7 5 (0.62%) SAP
8 4 (0.50%) ServiceNow
9 3 (0.37%) Perforce
9 3 (0.37%) SaltStack
9 3 (0.37%) Sitecore
9 3 (0.37%) Veracode
10 2 (0.25%) Atlassian
10 2 (0.25%) Cadence
10 2 (0.25%) Cypress Semiconductor
10 2 (0.25%) Demandware
10 2 (0.25%) Rackspace
10 2 (0.25%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
11 1 (0.12%) Marketo
11 1 (0.12%) Twitter