Period
to 16 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 16 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

COBOL
UK > England
6 months to
16 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 1031 1070 1011
Rank change year-on-year +39 -59 -228
Permanent jobs citing COBOL 83 96 190
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.054% 0.058% 0.11%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.097% 0.11% 0.20%
Number of salaries quoted 66 78 135
England median annual salary £42,500 £48,750 £46,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -12.82% +4.84% +3.33%
10th Percentile £33,000 £27,000 £26,550
90th Percentile £70,625 £66,975 £63,750
UK median annual salary £42,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -5.56% - -

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 85,636 91,165 95,074
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.81% 55.40% 52.90%
Number of salaries quoted 71,731 75,369 82,796
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,500 £28,750
90th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £76,250
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing COBOL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing COBOL in England.

Salary trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL in England over the 6 months to 16 October 2018.

Salary histogram for COBOL in England

COBOL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the England region over the 6 months to 16 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East +41 33 £46,500 -29.81% 8
North of England -13 26 £37,500 - 8
North West -9 16 £40,500 -19.00% 4
Midlands +25 10 £42,500 -7.10% 4
Yorkshire +11 10 £37,000 +27.59% 4
East Midlands -8 10 £42,500 +6.25% 4
London +35 5 £77,700 +36.32%
South West +17 5 £39,000 -2.50%
East of England +17 4 £55,000 -14.69% 1
COBOL
UK

For the 6 months to 16 October 2018, IT jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for COBOL.

1 43 (51.81%) Mainframe
2 39 (46.99%) DB2
3 37 (44.58%) Agile Software Development
4 32 (38.55%) IBM
5 28 (33.73%) CICS
6 23 (27.71%) SQL
6 23 (27.71%) JCL
6 23 (27.71%) Finance
7 22 (26.51%) Perl
8 21 (25.30%) Java
8 21 (25.30%) C
9 19 (22.89%) Unix
10 18 (21.69%) Linux
11 17 (20.48%) JavaScript
11 17 (20.48%) IBM Mainframe
11 17 (20.48%) Relational Database
12 15 (18.07%) C++
12 15 (18.07%) SDLC
12 15 (18.07%) Problem-Solving
13 14 (16.87%) C#
14 13 (15.66%) XML
15 12 (14.46%) Scrum
15 12 (14.46%) Banking
15 12 (14.46%) Analytical Skills
16 11 (13.25%) .NET
16 11 (13.25%) HTML
17 10 (12.05%) VB
17 10 (12.05%) Oracle
17 10 (12.05%) Web Services
17 10 (12.05%) ETL

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (33.73%) CICS
2 10 (12.05%) WebSphere
3 4 (4.82%) WebSphere Application Server
4 2 (2.41%) Confluence
4 2 (2.41%) SAS
5 1 (1.20%) Apache Pig
5 1 (1.20%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 1 (1.20%) SharePoint
Applications
1 1 (1.20%) Microsoft Office
Cloud Services
1 3 (3.61%) Amazon AWS
1 3 (3.61%) GitHub
2 1 (1.20%) IBM Cloud
2 1 (1.20%) Microsoft Azure
Communications & Networking
1 5 (6.02%) ATM
2 4 (4.82%) Internet
3 3 (3.61%) CTI
4 2 (2.41%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 39 (46.99%) DB2
2 17 (20.48%) Relational Database
3 9 (10.84%) Ingres
4 6 (7.23%) IMS/DB
5 3 (3.61%) Easytrieve
5 3 (3.61%) SQL Server
6 2 (2.41%) Big Data
6 2 (2.41%) Hadoop
6 2 (2.41%) MySQL
6 2 (2.41%) Oracle Database
6 2 (2.41%) PostgreSQL
6 2 (2.41%) RDBMS
7 1 (1.20%) Apache Hive
7 1 (1.20%) Data Warehouse
7 1 (1.20%) DataStage
7 1 (1.20%) Oracle Database 10g
7 1 (1.20%) Pentaho
7 1 (1.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 1 (1.20%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 7 (8.43%) Team Foundation Server
2 5 (6.02%) Jenkins
2 5 (6.02%) Selenium
3 4 (4.82%) Git (software)
3 4 (4.82%) Visual Studio
4 3 (3.61%) ChangeMan
4 3 (3.61%) Eclipse
4 3 (3.61%) JIRA
5 2 (2.41%) HP UFT
5 2 (2.41%) Log4j
5 2 (2.41%) Log4Net
5 2 (2.41%) VSS/SourceSafe
6 1 (1.20%) Ant
6 1 (1.20%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 1 (1.20%) CA Release Automation
6 1 (1.20%) LoadRunner
6 1 (1.20%) Maven
6 1 (1.20%) SOAtest
6 1 (1.20%) SonarQube
6 1 (1.20%) TeamCity
General
1 23 (27.71%) Finance
2 12 (14.46%) Banking
3 6 (7.23%) Retail
4 4 (4.82%) Law
5 3 (3.61%) Investment Banking
6 1 (1.20%) Advertising
6 1 (1.20%) Electronics
6 1 (1.20%) Legal
6 1 (1.20%) Retail Banking
6 1 (1.20%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 32 (38.55%) Developer
2 18 (21.69%) Analyst
3 14 (16.87%) COBOL Developer
4 10 (12.05%) Programmer
5 9 (10.84%) C Developer
5 9 (10.84%) Software Developer
6 7 (8.43%) Mainframe Developer
7 6 (7.23%) Applications Support
7 6 (7.23%) COBOL Analyst
7 6 (7.23%) COBOL Programmer
7 6 (7.23%) Mainframe Support
7 6 (7.23%) Support Analyst
8 5 (6.02%) Agile Developer
8 5 (6.02%) Analyst Programmer
8 5 (6.02%) C/C++ Developer
8 5 (6.02%) C++ Developer
8 5 (6.02%) DB2 Developer
8 5 (6.02%) Perl Developer
8 5 (6.02%) Software Engineer
9 4 (4.82%) Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13 (15.66%) XML
2 11 (13.25%) .NET
2 11 (13.25%) HTML
3 10 (12.05%) Web Services
4 9 (10.84%) JDBC
4 9 (10.84%) ODBC
4 9 (10.84%) WebSphere MQ
4 9 (10.84%) XSLT
5 4 (4.82%) Middleware
6 3 (3.61%) ISPF
6 3 (3.61%) REST
7 2 (2.41%) Apache Flex
7 2 (2.41%) IBM Integration Bus
7 2 (2.41%) JSON
7 2 (2.41%) Regular Expression
7 2 (2.41%) SOAP
7 2 (2.41%) Spring
8 1 (1.20%) .NET Framework
8 1 (1.20%) WCF
8 1 (1.20%) XML Schema
Miscellaneous
1 43 (51.81%) Mainframe
2 17 (20.48%) IBM Mainframe
3 12 (14.46%) Analytical Skills
4 5 (6.02%) VSAM
5 4 (4.82%) Fintech
6 3 (3.61%) NHS
7 2 (2.41%) Data Structures
7 2 (2.41%) Linux Command Line
7 2 (2.41%) User Experience
8 1 (1.20%) Computer Science
8 1 (1.20%) Data Centre
8 1 (1.20%) Self-Motivation
8 1 (1.20%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 19 (22.89%) Unix
2 18 (21.69%) Linux
3 8 (9.64%) zOS
4 7 (8.43%) Windows
5 1 (1.20%) AIX
5 1 (1.20%) VME
5 1 (1.20%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 37 (44.58%) Agile Software Development
2 15 (18.07%) Problem-Solving
2 15 (18.07%) SDLC
3 12 (14.46%) Scrum
4 10 (12.05%) DevOps
4 10 (12.05%) ETL
4 10 (12.05%) TDD
5 9 (10.84%) Unit Testing
6 8 (9.64%) Waterfall
7 7 (8.43%) SOA
7 7 (8.43%) Software Engineering
7 7 (8.43%) Test Automation
7 7 (8.43%) User Acceptance Testing
8 6 (7.23%) Asset Management
9 5 (6.02%) Integration Testing
9 5 (6.02%) ITIL
9 5 (6.02%) OOD
9 5 (6.02%) Open Source
9 5 (6.02%) Pair Programming
9 5 (6.02%) Risk Management
Programming Languages
1 23 (27.71%) JCL
1 23 (27.71%) SQL
2 22 (26.51%) Perl
3 21 (25.30%) C
3 21 (25.30%) Java
4 17 (20.48%) JavaScript
5 15 (18.07%) C++
6 14 (16.87%) C#
7 10 (12.05%) REXX
7 10 (12.05%) VB
8 8 (9.64%) Assembly Language
9 7 (8.43%) PL/SQL
10 5 (6.02%) Delphi
10 5 (6.02%) PL/1
11 3 (3.61%) Python
11 3 (3.61%) Shell Script
12 2 (2.41%) Jython
12 2 (2.41%) T-SQL
12 2 (2.41%) VB6
12 2 (2.41%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 8 (9.64%) Security Cleared
2 6 (7.23%) Degree
3 5 (6.02%) CTC Cleared
3 5 (6.02%) SC Cleared
4 4 (4.82%) Master's Degree
5 2 (2.41%) ISEB
5 2 (2.41%) ISTQB
5 2 (2.41%) PMI Certification
5 2 (2.41%) PMP
6 1 (1.20%) Computer Science Degree
6 1 (1.20%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (9.64%) QA
2 1 (1.20%) PMO
2 1 (1.20%) SLA
System Software
1 3 (3.61%) Docker
1 3 (3.61%) Time Sharing Option
2 2 (2.41%) ACF2
2 2 (2.41%) RACF
Systems Management
1 2 (2.41%) CA Endevor
1 2 (2.41%) Control-M
1 2 (2.41%) HP ALM
1 2 (2.41%) Tivoli
2 1 (1.20%) Ansible
2 1 (1.20%) Automic
2 1 (1.20%) HP Quality Center
2 1 (1.20%) Kubernetes
2 1 (1.20%) Opscode Chef
2 1 (1.20%) Puppet
Vendors
1 32 (38.55%) IBM
2 10 (12.05%) Oracle
3 6 (7.23%) Microsoft
4 4 (4.82%) Remedy
5 3 (3.61%) HP
5 3 (3.61%) Unisys
6 2 (2.41%) Ab Initio
6 2 (2.41%) Informatica
6 2 (2.41%) Syncsort
7 1 (1.20%) CA
7 1 (1.20%) CA Agile Central
7 1 (1.20%) Micro Focus
7 1 (1.20%) Perforce
7 1 (1.20%) Talend