Period
to 25 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 25 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

COBOL
UK > England
6 months to
25 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 1049 1006 798
Rank change year-on-year -43 -208 +124
Permanent jobs citing COBOL 111 172 500
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.066% 0.096% 0.24%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.12% 0.18% 0.47%
Number of salaries quoted 89 127 366
England median annual salary £46,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -8.00% +11.11% -5.26%
10th Percentile £28,600 £26,250 £32,500
90th Percentile £66,750 £62,500 £63,750
UK median annual salary £45,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -10.00% +11.11% -

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 92905 94804 106971
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.36% 53.08% 52.07%
Number of salaries quoted 77068 82469 92444
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.27%

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing COBOL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing COBOL in England.

Salary trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL in England over the 6 months to 25 November 2017.

Salary histogram for COBOL in England

COBOL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the England region over the 6 months to 25 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North of England +38 70 £37,500 +30.43% 4
North West +27 44 £50,000 +42.86% 3
Yorkshire +29 25 £33,625 +22.27% 1
London +9 16 £56,000 -20.00%
South East -23 14 £67,500 +28.57% 1
Midlands +24 7 £45,750 +18.83%
East Midlands +15 5 £40,000 +3.90%
East of England +1 3 £64,469 +130.24%
West Midlands +21 2 £53,250 +19.66%
North East +4 1 - -
South West -1 1 £40,000 +14.29% 1
COBOL
UK

For the 6 months to 25 November 2017, IT jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the England region with a requirement for COBOL.

1 54 (48.65%) SQL
2 50 (45.05%) Finance
3 48 (43.24%) Java
4 46 (41.44%) Mainframe
5 44 (39.64%) Agile Software Development
6 40 (36.04%) Oracle
7 37 (33.33%) DB2
8 32 (28.83%) CICS
9 30 (27.03%) Waterfall
10 28 (25.23%) SDLC
11 26 (23.42%) Linux
12 23 (20.72%) Degree
13 22 (19.82%) Analytical Skills
14 21 (18.92%) TDD
14 21 (18.92%) Unix
14 21 (18.92%) IBM
15 20 (18.02%) JavaScript
15 20 (18.02%) C
16 19 (17.12%) C++
16 19 (17.12%) PL/SQL
16 19 (17.12%) Oracle Forms
16 19 (17.12%) Service Management
17 18 (16.22%) Stakeholder Management
17 18 (16.22%) Software Engineering
17 18 (16.22%) Web Services
17 18 (16.22%) Test Automation
18 17 (15.32%) XML
18 17 (15.32%) Assembly Language
19 16 (14.41%) Banking
20 14 (12.61%) Micro Focus

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (28.83%) CICS
2 13 (11.71%) WebSphere
3 12 (10.81%) WebLogic
4 10 (9.01%) JBoss
5 6 (5.41%) SharePoint
6 5 (4.50%) OpenROAD
7 4 (3.60%) IIS
8 3 (2.70%) Apache
8 3 (2.70%) GeoServer
8 3 (2.70%) Oracle Spatial
8 3 (2.70%) Tomcat
9 2 (1.80%) Confluence
9 2 (1.80%) Tuxedo
10 1 (0.90%) BizTalk Server
10 1 (0.90%) MQSeries
10 1 (0.90%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 1 (0.90%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 1 (0.90%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.90%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 5 (4.50%) BASE24
2 2 (1.80%) Oracle EBS
2 2 (1.80%) PeopleSoft HCM
3 1 (0.90%) BusinessWorks
3 1 (0.90%) Exstream
3 1 (0.90%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 2 (1.80%) Amazon AWS
1 2 (1.80%) Microsoft Azure
1 2 (1.80%) Slack
1 2 (1.80%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 6 (5.41%) ATM
2 2 (1.80%) FTP
2 2 (1.80%) Internet
2 2 (1.80%) TCP/IP
3 1 (0.90%) CTI
3 1 (0.90%) HTTP
3 1 (0.90%) LAN
3 1 (0.90%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 37 (33.33%) DB2
2 13 (11.71%) IMS/DB
3 12 (10.81%) Relational Database
4 10 (9.01%) SQL Server
5 5 (4.50%) Informix
6 4 (3.60%) PostgreSQL
7 3 (2.70%) GIS
8 2 (1.80%) MongoDB
8 2 (1.80%) MySQL
8 2 (1.80%) Oracle Database
9 1 (0.90%) Adabas
9 1 (0.90%) SQL Server 2000
9 1 (0.90%) SQL Server 2008
9 1 (0.90%) SQL Server 2012
9 1 (0.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 1 (0.90%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 19 (17.12%) Oracle Forms
2 10 (9.01%) ClearCase
2 10 (9.01%) Subversion
3 5 (4.50%) CA Gen
3 5 (4.50%) Cucumber
3 5 (4.50%) Jenkins
3 5 (4.50%) PowerBuilder
3 5 (4.50%) PROIV
3 5 (4.50%) VersaTest
4 4 (3.60%) LoadRunner
4 4 (3.60%) Team Foundation Server
5 3 (2.70%) Artifactory
5 3 (2.70%) HP UFT
5 3 (2.70%) JIRA
5 3 (2.70%) Selenium
6 2 (1.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 2 (1.80%) Mockito
6 2 (1.80%) PeopleTools
6 2 (1.80%) TestComplete
6 2 (1.80%) WebDriver
General
1 50 (45.05%) Finance
2 16 (14.41%) Banking
3 9 (8.11%) Retail
4 7 (6.31%) Investment Banking
4 7 (6.31%) Law
4 7 (6.31%) Retail Banking
5 2 (1.80%) Legal
5 2 (1.80%) Manufacturing
5 2 (1.80%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 29 (26.13%) Developer
2 11 (9.91%) Oracle Developer
3 10 (9.01%) Analyst
3 10 (9.01%) COBOL Developer
3 10 (9.01%) Software Developer
4 9 (8.11%) Integration Engineer
5 8 (7.21%) Programmer
5 8 (7.21%) Software Engineer
5 8 (7.21%) Test Engineer
6 7 (6.31%) Architect
6 7 (6.31%) Designer
6 7 (6.31%) Mainframe Support
6 7 (6.31%) Oracle Forms Developer
6 7 (6.31%) PL/SQL Developer
6 7 (6.31%) SQL Developer
6 7 (6.31%) Unix Developer
7 6 (5.41%) Applications Specialist
8 5 (4.50%) Applications Support
8 5 (4.50%) Business Analyst
8 5 (4.50%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 18 (16.22%) Web Services
2 17 (15.32%) XML
3 12 (10.81%) J2EE
3 12 (10.81%) Middleware
3 12 (10.81%) Oracle Fusion
4 11 (9.91%) XSD
5 10 (9.01%) EJB
5 10 (9.01%) Hibernate
5 10 (9.01%) JMS
5 10 (9.01%) JSP
5 10 (9.01%) Servlets
5 10 (9.01%) Struts
5 10 (9.01%) WSDL
6 6 (5.41%) HTML
7 5 (4.50%) .NET
8 4 (3.60%) REST
9 3 (2.70%) AngularJS
9 3 (2.70%) Node.js
9 3 (2.70%) OpenLayers
9 3 (2.70%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 46 (41.44%) Mainframe
2 22 (19.82%) Analytical Skills
3 11 (9.91%) IBM Mainframe
4 9 (8.11%) Tandem
5 8 (7.21%) PMI
6 5 (4.50%) AS400
6 5 (4.50%) Derivative
6 5 (4.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 5 (4.50%) Management Information System
7 4 (3.60%) iSeries
8 3 (2.70%) Virtual Team
9 2 (1.80%) Fintech
10 1 (0.90%) Data Structures
10 1 (0.90%) Greenfield Project
10 1 (0.90%) Linux Command Line
10 1 (0.90%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 26 (23.42%) Linux
2 21 (18.92%) Unix
3 13 (11.71%) Windows
4 9 (8.11%) Solaris
5 5 (4.50%) Windows Server
5 5 (4.50%) zOS
6 1 (0.90%) AIX
6 1 (0.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.90%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 44 (39.64%) Agile Software Development
2 30 (27.03%) Waterfall
3 28 (25.23%) SDLC
4 21 (18.92%) TDD
5 19 (17.12%) Service Management
6 18 (16.22%) Software Engineering
6 18 (16.22%) Stakeholder Management
6 18 (16.22%) Test Automation
7 14 (12.61%) ITIL
7 14 (12.61%) Project Management
8 11 (9.91%) BDD
8 11 (9.91%) Risk Management
9 10 (9.01%) DevOps
9 10 (9.01%) Open Source
9 10 (9.01%) PRINCE2
10 9 (8.11%) Continuous Integration
10 9 (8.11%) RUP
10 9 (8.11%) Scrum
11 8 (7.21%) Business Intelligence
11 8 (7.21%) CMMI
Programming Languages
1 54 (48.65%) SQL
2 48 (43.24%) Java
3 20 (18.02%) C
3 20 (18.02%) JavaScript
4 19 (17.12%) C++
4 19 (17.12%) PL/SQL
5 17 (15.32%) Assembly Language
6 13 (11.71%) C#
7 9 (8.11%) VB
8 7 (6.31%) JCL
9 6 (5.41%) REXX
10 5 (4.50%) Clipper
10 5 (4.50%) DataFlex
10 5 (4.50%) FoxPro (VFP)
10 5 (4.50%) LINC
10 5 (4.50%) RPG
10 5 (4.50%) Tcl
10 5 (4.50%) Uniface
10 5 (4.50%) xBase
11 4 (3.60%) PL/1
Qualifications
1 23 (20.72%) Degree
2 10 (9.01%) PMI Certification
3 4 (3.60%) Master's Degree
4 3 (2.70%) ISTQB
4 3 (2.70%) Security Cleared
5 2 (1.80%) CTC Cleared
5 2 (1.80%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 2 (1.80%) PMP
5 2 (1.80%) Sun Certification
6 1 (0.90%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (8.11%) QA
2 5 (4.50%) FATCA
2 5 (4.50%) MiFID
3 3 (2.70%) GDPR
4 1 (0.90%) ISO 9001
4 1 (0.90%) SLA
4 1 (0.90%) TickIT
System Software
1 6 (5.41%) Time Sharing Option
2 2 (1.80%) Docker
Systems Management
1 2 (1.80%) Kubernetes
1 2 (1.80%) Opscode Chef
1 2 (1.80%) Puppet
2 1 (0.90%) Ansible
2 1 (0.90%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 40 (36.04%) Oracle
2 21 (18.92%) IBM
3 14 (12.61%) Micro Focus
4 10 (9.01%) Chordiant
5 7 (6.31%) Microsoft
6 5 (4.50%) CA
6 5 (4.50%) Pega
7 3 (2.70%) Google
7 3 (2.70%) HP
8 2 (1.80%) CA Agile Central
8 2 (1.80%) hybris
8 2 (1.80%) PeopleSoft
8 2 (1.80%) Salesforce.com
8 2 (1.80%) SAP
8 2 (1.80%) ServiceNow
8 2 (1.80%) Sun
9 1 (0.90%) Capita
9 1 (0.90%) Red Hat
9 1 (0.90%) Talend
9 1 (0.90%) TIBCO