Period
to 16 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 16 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

COBOL
UK > England
6 months to
16 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 1016 1013 837
Rank change year-on-year -3 -176 +66
Permanent jobs citing COBOL 128 139 425
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.079% 0.083% 0.22%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.14% 0.16% 0.42%
Number of salaries quoted 102 105 315
England median annual salary £45,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -10.00% +11.11% -10.00%
10th Percentile £31,825 £26,250 £33,750
90th Percentile £65,850 £56,190 £65,000
UK median annual salary £45,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -10.00% +11.11% -10.00%

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 90,383 88,779 101,934
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.65% 53.28% 52.36%
Number of salaries quoted 75,794 76,855 88,400
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,000
90th Percentile £78,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing COBOL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing COBOL in England.

Salary trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL in England over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Salary histogram for COBOL in England

COBOL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the England region over the 6 months to 16 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North of England +43 70 £40,500 +47.27% 6
North West +30 49 £48,500 +19.75% 4
South East -27 27 £57,500 +9.52% 5
Yorkshire +33 20 £32,500 +18.18% 1
London +25 18 £47,500 -5.00%
Midlands +1 8 £40,000 -14.89% 5
East Midlands +7 6 £40,000 -22.93% 2
South West +17 3 £45,000 -5.26% 6
West Midlands +2 2 £47,500 +26.67% 3
East of England -3 2 £64,469 - 1
North East -19 1 - - 1
COBOL
UK

For the 6 months to 16 January 2018, IT jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the England region with a requirement for COBOL.

1 70 (54.69%) Mainframe
2 60 (46.88%) Finance
3 55 (42.97%) SQL
4 51 (39.84%) DB2
5 47 (36.72%) Java
6 40 (31.25%) CICS
7 33 (25.78%) Agile Software Development
8 32 (25.00%) IBM
9 30 (23.44%) Oracle
9 30 (23.44%) Linux
10 28 (21.88%) Unix
11 27 (21.09%) JavaScript
12 23 (17.97%) Windows
12 23 (17.97%) Retail
12 23 (17.97%) Analytical Skills
13 20 (15.63%) SDLC
14 19 (14.84%) C++
14 19 (14.84%) Web Services
15 18 (14.06%) Degree
16 17 (13.28%) Software Engineering
16 17 (13.28%) ITIL
16 17 (13.28%) Test Automation
17 16 (12.50%) IBM Mainframe
17 16 (12.50%) Open Source
17 16 (12.50%) Waterfall
17 16 (12.50%) Micro Focus
17 16 (12.50%) IMS/DB
17 16 (12.50%) Stakeholder Management
18 15 (11.72%) Service Management
18 15 (11.72%) Risk Management

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (31.25%) CICS
2 8 (6.25%) WebSphere
3 6 (4.69%) Confluence
3 6 (4.69%) SharePoint
3 6 (4.69%) WebLogic
4 5 (3.91%) IIS
5 4 (3.13%) Apache
5 4 (3.13%) GeoServer
5 4 (3.13%) JBoss
5 4 (3.13%) Oracle Spatial
5 4 (3.13%) Tomcat
6 2 (1.56%) MQSeries
6 2 (1.56%) Tuxedo
7 1 (0.78%) BizTalk Server
7 1 (0.78%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 1 (0.78%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.78%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 7 (5.47%) BASE24
2 6 (4.69%) BusinessWorks
2 6 (4.69%) Oracle EBS
3 5 (3.91%) TIBCO iProcess
4 2 (1.56%) PeopleSoft HCM
5 1 (0.78%) Exstream
Cloud Services
1 6 (4.69%) Amazon AWS
1 6 (4.69%) Microsoft Azure
1 6 (4.69%) Slack
1 6 (4.69%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 8 (6.25%) ATM
2 7 (5.47%) FTP
3 4 (3.13%) CTI
3 4 (3.13%) Internet
4 2 (1.56%) SAN
5 1 (0.78%) AMQP
5 1 (0.78%) HTTP
5 1 (0.78%) LAN
5 1 (0.78%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.78%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 51 (39.84%) DB2
2 16 (12.50%) IMS/DB
3 14 (10.94%) SQL Server
4 12 (9.38%) Relational Database
5 5 (3.91%) Oracle Database
5 5 (3.91%) Oracle Database 12c
6 4 (3.13%) GIS
6 4 (3.13%) PostgreSQL
7 3 (2.34%) Easytrieve
7 3 (2.34%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 3 (2.34%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 2 (1.56%) Adabas
8 2 (1.56%) MongoDB
8 2 (1.56%) MySQL
9 1 (0.78%) RDBMS
9 1 (0.78%) SQL Server 2000
9 1 (0.78%) SQL Server 2008
9 1 (0.78%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 11 (8.59%) Oracle Forms
2 9 (7.03%) Cucumber
2 9 (7.03%) Jenkins
3 8 (6.25%) Team Foundation Server
4 7 (5.47%) LoadRunner
4 7 (5.47%) Selenium
4 7 (5.47%) VersaTest
5 6 (4.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 6 (4.69%) Gatling
5 6 (4.69%) GitLab
5 6 (4.69%) JIRA
5 6 (4.69%) JMeter
5 6 (4.69%) Maven
5 6 (4.69%) Mockito
5 6 (4.69%) Protractor
5 6 (4.69%) Robot Framework
5 6 (4.69%) TestComplete
5 6 (4.69%) The Grinder
5 6 (4.69%) WebDriver
5 6 (4.69%) Zephyr
General
1 60 (46.88%) Finance
2 23 (17.97%) Retail
3 13 (10.16%) Banking
4 10 (7.81%) Investment Banking
4 10 (7.81%) Law
5 6 (4.69%) Legal
6 5 (3.91%) Telecoms
7 3 (2.34%) Financial Institution
8 2 (1.56%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.78%) French Language
9 1 (0.78%) German Language
9 1 (0.78%) Italian Language
9 1 (0.78%) Portuguese Language
9 1 (0.78%) Retail Banking
9 1 (0.78%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 37 (28.91%) Developer
2 23 (17.97%) COBOL Developer
3 16 (12.50%) Analyst
3 16 (12.50%) Programmer
4 12 (9.38%) Test Engineer
5 11 (8.59%) DB2 Programmer
5 11 (8.59%) Software Engineer
6 10 (7.81%) COBOL Programmer
6 10 (7.81%) Mainframe Support
7 9 (7.03%) Analyst Developer
7 9 (7.03%) Analyst Programmer
7 9 (7.03%) Architect
7 9 (7.03%) COBOL Analyst
7 9 (7.03%) DB2 Developer
7 9 (7.03%) Oracle Developer
8 8 (6.25%) Applications Specialist
8 8 (6.25%) COBOL Analyst Programmer
8 8 (6.25%) Developer Analyst
9 6 (4.69%) Oracle Forms Developer
9 6 (4.69%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 19 (14.84%) Web Services
2 15 (11.72%) Middleware
3 14 (10.94%) Oracle Fusion
4 11 (8.59%) HTML
5 9 (7.03%) .NET
5 9 (7.03%) JSP
6 8 (6.25%) REST
7 7 (5.47%) Spring
8 6 (4.69%) Gherkin
8 6 (4.69%) J2EE
8 6 (4.69%) Nightwatchjs
8 6 (4.69%) TIBCO EMS
8 6 (4.69%) XML
9 5 (3.91%) JMS
9 5 (3.91%) Rendezvous
9 5 (3.91%) XSD
10 4 (3.13%) AngularJS
10 4 (3.13%) Hibernate
10 4 (3.13%) Node.js
10 4 (3.13%) WSDL
Miscellaneous
1 70 (54.69%) Mainframe
2 23 (17.97%) Analytical Skills
3 16 (12.50%) IBM Mainframe
4 8 (6.25%) Enterprise Software
5 7 (5.47%) Fintech
6 6 (4.69%) Tandem
7 5 (3.91%) AS400
7 5 (3.91%) iSeries
8 4 (3.13%) Management Information System
8 4 (3.13%) Virtual Team
8 4 (3.13%) VSAM
9 3 (2.34%) Clustering
10 2 (1.56%) Computer Science
10 2 (1.56%) EMC VMAX
10 2 (1.56%) PMI
10 2 (1.56%) Replication
11 1 (0.78%) Data Structures
11 1 (0.78%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 30 (23.44%) Linux
2 28 (21.88%) Unix
3 23 (17.97%) Windows
4 12 (9.38%) Windows Server
5 8 (6.25%) zOS
6 7 (5.47%) Solaris
7 5 (3.91%) Windows Server 2003
7 5 (3.91%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.78%) AIX
8 1 (0.78%) MVS
8 1 (0.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.78%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 33 (25.78%) Agile Software Development
2 20 (15.63%) SDLC
3 17 (13.28%) ITIL
3 17 (13.28%) Software Engineering
3 17 (13.28%) Test Automation
4 16 (12.50%) Open Source
4 16 (12.50%) Stakeholder Management
4 16 (12.50%) Waterfall
5 15 (11.72%) Risk Management
5 15 (11.72%) Service Management
6 14 (10.94%) DevOps
7 13 (10.16%) TDD
8 10 (7.81%) Business Intelligence
8 10 (7.81%) Wealth Management
9 8 (6.25%) Service Delivery
9 8 (6.25%) SOA
9 8 (6.25%) Software Testing
9 8 (6.25%) Systems Analysis
10 7 (5.47%) Migration
10 7 (5.47%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 55 (42.97%) SQL
2 47 (36.72%) Java
3 27 (21.09%) JavaScript
4 19 (14.84%) C++
5 15 (11.72%) C
6 14 (10.94%) C#
7 12 (9.38%) Assembly Language
7 12 (9.38%) JCL
8 11 (8.59%) PL/SQL
9 7 (5.47%) VB.NET
10 6 (4.69%) Groovy
10 6 (4.69%) Pascal
10 6 (4.69%) PL/1
10 6 (4.69%) Python
10 6 (4.69%) REXX
10 6 (4.69%) Ruby
11 3 (2.34%) Perl
11 3 (2.34%) VB
12 2 (1.56%) ALGOL
12 2 (1.56%) PeopleCode
Qualifications
1 18 (14.06%) Degree
2 7 (5.47%) Security Cleared
3 6 (4.69%) ISTQB
3 6 (4.69%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
4 5 (3.91%) Master's Degree
4 5 (3.91%) SC Cleared
5 4 (3.13%) PMI Certification
6 2 (1.56%) CTC Cleared
6 2 (1.56%) MCP
6 2 (1.56%) PMP
6 2 (1.56%) Sun Certification
7 1 (0.78%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (10.94%) QA
2 3 (2.34%) GDPR
3 1 (0.78%) ISO 9001
3 1 (0.78%) SLA
3 1 (0.78%) TickIT
System Software
1 10 (7.81%) Time Sharing Option
2 6 (4.69%) Docker
3 2 (1.56%) SRDF
Systems Management
1 6 (4.69%) Kubernetes
1 6 (4.69%) Opscode Chef
1 6 (4.69%) Puppet
2 5 (3.91%) TIBCO Hawk
3 1 (0.78%) Ansible
3 1 (0.78%) CA Endevor
3 1 (0.78%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 32 (25.00%) IBM
2 30 (23.44%) Oracle
3 16 (12.50%) Micro Focus
4 12 (9.38%) CA
5 9 (7.03%) Google
6 8 (6.25%) Microsoft
7 6 (4.69%) CA Agile Central
7 6 (4.69%) Salesforce.com
7 6 (4.69%) SAP
7 6 (4.69%) TIBCO
8 4 (3.13%) Chordiant
9 3 (2.34%) HP
10 2 (1.56%) EMC
10 2 (1.56%) hybris
10 2 (1.56%) PeopleSoft
10 2 (1.56%) Remedy
10 2 (1.56%) ServiceNow
10 2 (1.56%) Sun
10 2 (1.56%) Unisys
11 1 (0.78%) Talend