Period
to 17 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 17 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

COBOL
UK > England
6 months to
17 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 1036 1056 945
Rank change year-on-year +20 -111 -180
Permanent jobs citing COBOL 118 117 314
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.072% 0.070% 0.16%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.13% 0.13% 0.31%
Number of salaries quoted 96 73 211
England median annual salary £44,000 £53,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -17.76% +18.89% -9.09%
10th Percentile £34,500 £28,850 £32,000
90th Percentile £82,250 £70,500 £62,500
UK median annual salary £44,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -12.00% +11.11% -6.25%

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 92,362 92,676 100,701
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 56.24% 55.45% 52.62%
Number of salaries quoted 77,253 78,339 88,030
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,000 £28,750 £28,500
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing COBOL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing COBOL in England.

Salary trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL in England over the 6 months to 17 July 2018.

Salary histogram for COBOL in England

COBOL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the England region over the 6 months to 17 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East +30 50 £45,000 -28.00% 3
North of England +2 32 £42,000 +5.00% 6
North West +16 27 £42,000 -16.00% 2
Midlands +9 14 £41,800 -21.87% 2
London +5 11 £64,200 +9.74% 6
South West +15 10 £39,000 -
East Midlands -3 10 £42,650 - 1
Yorkshire +9 5 £52,000 +65.08% 2
West Midlands +15 4 £40,000 -25.23% 1
COBOL
UK

For the 6 months to 17 July 2018, IT jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for COBOL.

1 69 (58.47%) Mainframe
2 56 (47.46%) Agile Software Development
3 51 (43.22%) DB2
4 49 (41.53%) IBM
5 36 (30.51%) Java
5 36 (30.51%) Finance
6 33 (27.97%) IBM Mainframe
7 32 (27.12%) CICS
8 30 (25.42%) Waterfall
8 30 (25.42%) Problem-Solving
9 29 (24.58%) SQL
10 27 (22.88%) SDLC
11 24 (20.34%) Analytical Skills
11 24 (20.34%) Unit Testing
12 23 (19.49%) QA
13 21 (17.80%) TDD
13 21 (17.80%) JCL
13 21 (17.80%) Web Services
13 21 (17.80%) XML
13 21 (17.80%) Unix
13 21 (17.80%) Linux
14 20 (16.95%) .NET
14 20 (16.95%) Perl
14 20 (16.95%) C#
15 19 (16.10%) C
15 19 (16.10%) Scrum
15 19 (16.10%) Test Automation
16 18 (15.25%) C++
16 18 (15.25%) JavaScript
17 17 (14.41%) Degree

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (27.12%) CICS
2 16 (13.56%) WebSphere
3 9 (7.63%) Confluence
4 6 (5.08%) SAS
5 5 (4.24%) WebSphere Application Server
6 4 (3.39%) SharePoint
7 3 (2.54%) IIS
8 2 (1.69%) JBoss
8 2 (1.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 2 (1.69%) WebLogic
9 1 (0.85%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 12 (10.17%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 4 (3.39%) BASE24
2 3 (2.54%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (1.69%) BusinessWorks
3 2 (1.69%) TIBCO iProcess
4 1 (0.85%) PeopleSoft Financials
4 1 (0.85%) PeopleSoft HRMS
Cloud Services
1 4 (3.39%) Amazon AWS
2 3 (2.54%) Microsoft Azure
2 3 (2.54%) Slack
2 3 (2.54%) SuccessFactors
3 1 (0.85%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 4 (3.39%) ATM
1 4 (3.39%) CTI
2 3 (2.54%) Internet
3 2 (1.69%) FTP
3 2 (1.69%) MQTT
3 2 (1.69%) SAN
4 1 (0.85%) AMQP
4 1 (0.85%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 51 (43.22%) DB2
2 14 (11.86%) Relational Database
3 6 (5.08%) IMS/DB
3 6 (5.08%) SQL Server
4 4 (3.39%) Ingres
4 4 (3.39%) PostgreSQL
5 3 (2.54%) Big Data
5 3 (2.54%) Easytrieve
5 3 (2.54%) Oracle Database
5 3 (2.54%) RDBMS
6 2 (1.69%) BusinessObjects
6 2 (1.69%) Data Warehouse
6 2 (1.69%) JasperReports
6 2 (1.69%) MySQL
6 2 (1.69%) Oracle Database 12c
7 1 (0.85%) Apache Hive
7 1 (0.85%) Hadoop
7 1 (0.85%) Oracle BI Publisher
7 1 (0.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 1 (0.85%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 12 (10.17%) Team Foundation Server
2 9 (7.63%) JIRA
3 8 (6.78%) Jenkins
4 7 (5.93%) Selenium
5 6 (5.08%) Git (software)
6 5 (4.24%) HP UFT
6 5 (4.24%) LoadRunner
7 4 (3.39%) Cucumber
7 4 (3.39%) Eclipse
7 4 (3.39%) JMeter
7 4 (3.39%) Subversion
8 3 (2.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 3 (2.54%) Gatling
8 3 (2.54%) Jasmine
8 3 (2.54%) Maven
8 3 (2.54%) Protractor
8 3 (2.54%) SoapUI
8 3 (2.54%) TestComplete
8 3 (2.54%) The Grinder
8 3 (2.54%) Zephyr
General
1 36 (30.51%) Finance
2 10 (8.47%) Banking
3 8 (6.78%) Advertising
3 8 (6.78%) Retail
4 7 (5.93%) Law
5 5 (4.24%) Investment Banking
6 4 (3.39%) Legal
6 4 (3.39%) Telecoms
7 3 (2.54%) Marketing
8 1 (0.85%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.85%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 30 (25.42%) Developer
2 26 (22.03%) Analyst
3 14 (11.86%) Programmer
3 14 (11.86%) Software Developer
4 13 (11.02%) Test Engineer
5 10 (8.47%) Applications Support
5 10 (8.47%) COBOL Developer
5 10 (8.47%) Designer
6 9 (7.63%) Analyst Programmer
7 8 (6.78%) Agile Developer
7 8 (6.78%) COBOL Programmer
7 8 (6.78%) Mainframe Support
7 8 (6.78%) QA Engineer
8 7 (5.93%) COBOL Analyst
8 7 (5.93%) Linux Engineer
8 7 (5.93%) Software Engineer
9 6 (5.08%) Mainframe Analyst
9 6 (5.08%) Support Analyst
10 5 (4.24%) Lead Analyst Programmer
10 5 (4.24%) Lead Programmer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21 (17.80%) Web Services
1 21 (17.80%) XML
2 20 (16.95%) .NET
3 12 (10.17%) WebSphere MQ
4 11 (9.32%) HTML
5 7 (5.93%) REST
6 6 (5.08%) JDBC
6 6 (5.08%) Middleware
7 4 (3.39%) Gherkin
7 4 (3.39%) J2EE
7 4 (3.39%) ODBC
7 4 (3.39%) XSLT
8 3 (2.54%) JMS
8 3 (2.54%) JSP
8 3 (2.54%) Nightwatchjs
8 3 (2.54%) Oracle Fusion
8 3 (2.54%) Spring
9 2 (1.69%) CSS
9 2 (1.69%) EJB
9 2 (1.69%) Servlets
Miscellaneous
1 69 (58.47%) Mainframe
2 33 (27.97%) IBM Mainframe
3 24 (20.34%) Analytical Skills
4 9 (7.63%) Computer Science
5 7 (5.93%) Fintech
5 7 (5.93%) VSAM
6 6 (5.08%) User Experience
7 4 (3.39%) Enterprise Software
7 4 (3.39%) Linux Command Line
7 4 (3.39%) Tandem
8 3 (2.54%) Virtual Team
9 2 (1.69%) Data Structures
9 2 (1.69%) Management Information System
9 2 (1.69%) Self-Motivation
10 1 (0.85%) Data Centre
10 1 (0.85%) EMV
10 1 (0.85%) PMI
Operating Systems
1 21 (17.80%) Linux
1 21 (17.80%) Unix
2 16 (13.56%) zOS
3 12 (10.17%) Windows
4 5 (4.24%) Windows Server
5 2 (1.69%) Windows Server 2003
5 2 (1.69%) Windows Server 2008
6 1 (0.85%) AIX
6 1 (0.85%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 56 (47.46%) Agile Software Development
2 30 (25.42%) Problem-Solving
2 30 (25.42%) Waterfall
3 27 (22.88%) SDLC
4 24 (20.34%) Unit Testing
5 21 (17.80%) TDD
6 19 (16.10%) Scrum
6 19 (16.10%) Test Automation
7 15 (12.71%) Regression Testing
7 15 (12.71%) Software Engineering
8 12 (10.17%) Manual Testing
9 11 (9.32%) Analytical Thinking
9 11 (9.32%) Functional Testing
9 11 (9.32%) Integration Testing
9 11 (9.32%) RAD
9 11 (9.32%) System Integration Testing
10 10 (8.47%) SOA
11 9 (7.63%) DevOps
11 9 (7.63%) ITIL
11 9 (7.63%) PRINCE2
Programming Languages
1 36 (30.51%) Java
2 29 (24.58%) SQL
3 21 (17.80%) JCL
4 20 (16.95%) C#
4 20 (16.95%) Perl
5 19 (16.10%) C
6 18 (15.25%) C++
6 18 (15.25%) JavaScript
7 15 (12.71%) VB
8 11 (9.32%) Delphi
8 11 (9.32%) PL/1
8 11 (9.32%) REXX
9 9 (7.63%) PL/SQL
10 8 (6.78%) Assembly Language
11 7 (5.93%) Python
11 7 (5.93%) VB.NET
12 5 (4.24%) Pascal
13 4 (3.39%) Bash Shell
13 4 (3.39%) SELCOPY
13 4 (3.39%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 17 (14.41%) Degree
2 10 (8.47%) ISTQB
2 10 (8.47%) Security Cleared
3 9 (7.63%) Master's Degree
4 8 (6.78%) Computer Science Degree
4 8 (6.78%) SC Cleared
5 7 (5.93%) ISEB
6 5 (4.24%) PMI Certification
7 4 (3.39%) CTC Cleared
7 4 (3.39%) PMP
8 3 (2.54%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 1 (0.85%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 1 (0.85%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (19.49%) QA
2 1 (0.85%) PMO
2 1 (0.85%) SLA
System Software
1 7 (5.93%) Time Sharing Option
2 4 (3.39%) ACF2
2 4 (3.39%) Docker
2 4 (3.39%) RACF
3 2 (1.69%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 12 (10.17%) HP ALM
2 5 (4.24%) CA Endevor
3 3 (2.54%) HP Quality Center
3 3 (2.54%) Kubernetes
3 3 (2.54%) Opscode Chef
3 3 (2.54%) Puppet
4 2 (1.69%) TIBCO Hawk
4 2 (1.69%) Tivoli
5 1 (0.85%) Control-M
Vendors
1 49 (41.53%) IBM
2 15 (12.71%) HP
2 15 (12.71%) Oracle
3 8 (6.78%) Microsoft
4 6 (5.08%) CA
5 5 (4.24%) Syncsort
6 4 (3.39%) Micro Focus
6 4 (3.39%) Remedy
7 3 (2.54%) Ab Initio
7 3 (2.54%) CA Agile Central
7 3 (2.54%) Google
7 3 (2.54%) Salesforce.com
7 3 (2.54%) SAP
7 3 (2.54%) Unisys
8 2 (1.69%) Chordiant
8 2 (1.69%) Cognizant
8 2 (1.69%) TIBCO
9 1 (0.85%) Informatica
9 1 (0.85%) PeopleSoft
9 1 (0.85%) Perforce