Period
to 19 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for COBOL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited COBOL over the 6 months to 19 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

COBOL
UK > England
6 months to
19 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 1005 1031 1039
Rank change year-on-year +26 +8 -179
Permanent jobs citing COBOL 71 130 138
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.051% 0.080% 0.083%
As % of the Programming Languages category 0.092% 0.14% 0.16%
Number of salaries quoted 48 104 105
England median annual salary £45,000 £46,250 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -2.70% -7.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,000 £32,500 £26,250
90th Percentile £92,875 £64,272 £57,950
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% -10.00% +11.11%

COBOL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 76,973 90,816 88,927
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 54.96% 55.72% 53.27%
Number of salaries quoted 64,303 76,236 76,985
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £78,750 £77,500
UK median annual salary £51,892 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +3.78% +5.26% +5.56%

COBOL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing COBOL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing COBOL in England.

Salary trend for COBOL in England

COBOL
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing COBOL in England over the 6 months to 19 January 2019.

Salary histogram for COBOL in England

COBOL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing COBOL within the England region over the 6 months to 19 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East +32 25 £56,250 +2.27% 4
North of England -2 25 £37,000 -8.64% 6
Yorkshire +24 18 £37,000 +6.47% 1
London +30 9 £86,250 +81.58% 1
Midlands +34 8 £42,500 +6.25% 1
East Midlands +25 8 £42,500 +6.25% 1
North West -15 7 £43,250 -10.82% 2
East of England +33 4 £55,000 -14.69%
COBOL
UK

For the 6 months to 19 January 2019, IT jobs citing COBOL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for COBOL.

1 47 (66.20%) DB2
1 47 (66.20%) Mainframe
2 38 (53.52%) Java
3 33 (46.48%) IBM
4 28 (39.44%) JCL
5 24 (33.80%) Agile Software Development
6 23 (32.39%) CICS
7 19 (26.76%) SQL
8 18 (25.35%) Finance
9 15 (21.13%) Business Analysis
9 15 (21.13%) Banking
9 15 (21.13%) C#
10 14 (19.72%) Team Foundation Server
11 13 (18.31%) Analytical Skills
12 12 (16.90%) SDLC
12 12 (16.90%) Microsoft
13 11 (15.49%) JavaScript
13 11 (15.49%) C
13 11 (15.49%) Linux
14 10 (14.08%) RAD
14 10 (14.08%) Perl
14 10 (14.08%) OOD
14 10 (14.08%) IMS/DB
14 10 (14.08%) DevOps
15 9 (12.68%) Relational Database
15 9 (12.68%) Test Automation
15 9 (12.68%) Problem-Solving
15 9 (12.68%) .NET
16 8 (11.27%) C++
16 8 (11.27%) OO

COBOL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (32.39%) CICS
2 5 (7.04%) WebSphere
3 1 (1.41%) Confluence
3 1 (1.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 1 (1.41%) SAS
3 1 (1.41%) StreamWeaver
3 1 (1.41%) WebSphere Application Server
Business Applications
1 1 (1.41%) Exstream
1 1 (1.41%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 4 (5.63%) Amazon AWS
1 4 (5.63%) GitHub
2 2 (2.82%) PaaS
2 2 (2.82%) SaaS
3 1 (1.41%) IBM Cloud
3 1 (1.41%) Microsoft Azure
Communications & Networking
1 5 (7.04%) ATM
2 2 (2.82%) CTI
3 1 (1.41%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 47 (66.20%) DB2
2 10 (14.08%) IMS/DB
3 9 (12.68%) Relational Database
4 5 (7.04%) Ingres
5 2 (2.82%) Easytrieve
6 1 (1.41%) Big Data
6 1 (1.41%) Data Warehouse
6 1 (1.41%) DataStage
6 1 (1.41%) Hadoop
6 1 (1.41%) Oracle Database
6 1 (1.41%) Pentaho
6 1 (1.41%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 14 (19.72%) Team Foundation Server
2 5 (7.04%) Jenkins
3 4 (5.63%) ChangeMan
3 4 (5.63%) JIRA
4 3 (4.23%) Visual Studio
5 2 (2.82%) Git (software)
5 2 (2.82%) Selenium
5 2 (2.82%) SonarQube
6 1 (1.41%) Ant
6 1 (1.41%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 1 (1.41%) Bitbucket
6 1 (1.41%) CA Release Automation
6 1 (1.41%) Eclipse
6 1 (1.41%) Gradle
6 1 (1.41%) HP UFT
6 1 (1.41%) Maven
6 1 (1.41%) SOAtest
6 1 (1.41%) TeamCity
General
1 18 (25.35%) Finance
2 15 (21.13%) Banking
3 5 (7.04%) Retail
4 1 (1.41%) Electronics
4 1 (1.41%) Financial Institution
4 1 (1.41%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 35 (49.30%) Developer
2 21 (29.58%) Mainframe Developer
3 16 (22.54%) COBOL Developer
4 12 (16.90%) Lead Developer
4 12 (16.90%) Senior Developer
5 11 (15.49%) Senior Mainframe Developer
6 9 (12.68%) DB2 Developer
7 7 (9.86%) Programmer
8 6 (8.45%) Analyst
9 5 (7.04%) CICS Programmer
9 5 (7.04%) COBOL Programmer
9 5 (7.04%) DB2 Programmer
10 4 (5.63%) Architect
10 4 (5.63%) C Developer
10 4 (5.63%) Mainframe Support
11 3 (4.23%) C/C++ Developer
11 3 (4.23%) C++ Developer
11 3 (4.23%) Linux Engineer
11 3 (4.23%) Perl Developer
11 3 (4.23%) Senior Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9 (12.68%) .NET
2 7 (9.86%) Apache Flex
2 7 (9.86%) XML
3 6 (8.45%) HTML
4 5 (7.04%) JDBC
4 5 (7.04%) ODBC
4 5 (7.04%) XSLT
5 4 (5.63%) ISPF
5 4 (5.63%) J2EE
5 4 (5.63%) Web Services
5 4 (5.63%) WebSphere MQ
6 3 (4.23%) .NET Framework
6 3 (4.23%) SAML
7 2 (2.82%) Elastic Stack
7 2 (2.82%) JSON
7 2 (2.82%) REST
7 2 (2.82%) Spring
8 1 (1.41%) ASP.NET Web Forms
8 1 (1.41%) jQuery
8 1 (1.41%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 47 (66.20%) Mainframe
2 13 (18.31%) Analytical Skills
3 6 (8.45%) IBM Mainframe
4 4 (5.63%) Fintech
4 4 (5.63%) NHS
5 3 (4.23%) VSAM
6 2 (2.82%) Cloud Native
7 1 (1.41%) Linux Command Line
7 1 (1.41%) Self-Motivation
7 1 (1.41%) Tandem
7 1 (1.41%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 11 (15.49%) Linux
2 6 (8.45%) Unix
2 6 (8.45%) zOS
3 4 (5.63%) Windows
4 1 (1.41%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 24 (33.80%) Agile Software Development
2 15 (21.13%) Business Analysis
3 12 (16.90%) SDLC
4 10 (14.08%) DevOps
4 10 (14.08%) OOD
4 10 (14.08%) RAD
5 9 (12.68%) Problem-Solving
5 9 (12.68%) Test Automation
6 8 (11.27%) OO
6 8 (11.27%) TDD
7 6 (8.45%) ETL
8 5 (7.04%) Continuous Integration
8 5 (7.04%) Integration Testing
8 5 (7.04%) Translating Business Requirements
9 4 (5.63%) Computer Science
9 4 (5.63%) Deployment Automation
9 4 (5.63%) E-Commerce
9 4 (5.63%) Mentoring
9 4 (5.63%) System Integration Testing
9 4 (5.63%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 38 (53.52%) Java
2 28 (39.44%) JCL
3 19 (26.76%) SQL
4 15 (21.13%) C#
5 11 (15.49%) C
5 11 (15.49%) JavaScript
6 10 (14.08%) Perl
7 8 (11.27%) C++
7 8 (11.27%) REXX
8 6 (8.45%) Assembly Language
9 4 (5.63%) Python
10 3 (4.23%) PL/1
10 3 (4.23%) VB
11 2 (2.82%) PowerShell
12 1 (1.41%) Bash Shell
12 1 (1.41%) Go
12 1 (1.41%) VB.NET
12 1 (1.41%) VB6
12 1 (1.41%) VBScript
12 1 (1.41%) VC++
Qualifications
1 7 (9.86%) Degree
2 6 (8.45%) Security Cleared
3 4 (5.63%) Computer Science Degree
4 3 (4.23%) CTC Cleared
4 3 (4.23%) SC Cleared
5 2 (2.82%) Master's Degree
6 1 (1.41%) ISEB
6 1 (1.41%) ISTQB
6 1 (1.41%) PMI Certification
6 1 (1.41%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (5.63%) QA
System Software
1 5 (7.04%) Time Sharing Option
2 2 (2.82%) Docker
3 1 (1.41%) ACF2
3 1 (1.41%) RACF
Systems Management
1 6 (8.45%) Ansible
2 4 (5.63%) Opscode Chef
2 4 (5.63%) Puppet
3 1 (1.41%) Automic
3 1 (1.41%) Control-M
3 1 (1.41%) HP ALM
3 1 (1.41%) HP Quality Center
3 1 (1.41%) Kubernetes
Vendors
1 33 (46.48%) IBM
2 12 (16.90%) Microsoft
3 4 (5.63%) Oracle
4 3 (4.23%) HP
5 2 (2.82%) Cognizant
5 2 (2.82%) SAP
5 2 (2.82%) Unisys
6 1 (1.41%) Ab Initio
6 1 (1.41%) CA
6 1 (1.41%) CA Agile Central
6 1 (1.41%) Informatica
6 1 (1.41%) Micro Focus
6 1 (1.41%) Remedy